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Automatic Storage

Management
(ASM)

Speaker Introduction

Michael Messina

Senior Managing Consultant Rolta, TUSC Infrastructure


Services

Working with Oracle Approximately 17 years

Background includes Performance Tuning, High Availability


and Disaster Recovery

Oracle Database OCP

Oracle ACE

Mike.Messina@roltasolutions.com

www.tusc.com / www.roltasolutions.com

Contents

Automatic Storage Management (ASM)

Overview
ASM Structure / Components
Benefits of ASM
Any Issues?

Infrastructure

Storage Options
Redundancy
External, Normal, High
Multiple Paths to Storage

Database Storage
File Storage (ASM Clustered File System)

Contents

Volume Management

ASM in a High Availability Environment

Comparison to other Volume Managers


Use with Other Volume Managers
How ASM can replace other Logical Volume Managers
Fail Groups
Real Application Clusters (RAC) Database
DataGuard

Prepare Volumes for ASM

Requirements
ASMLib for Linux
Create disks for ASM

Contents

Installing ASM

Software and OS Requirements for Oracle Enterprise Linux


Installation Basics

ASM Command Line Utility

What is the ASM Command Line Utility


ASMCMD Commands

Contents

Working with ASM Disk Groups

Discovering Disks
Mounting/Un-mounting Disk Groups
Create ASM Disk Groups
Add Disk/Space to ASM Disk Group
Remove Disk/Space from ASM Disk Group
Change ASM Disk Group Compatibility
Rename Disk Group
Managing ASM File Access Control for Disk Groups
Drop ASM Disk Group

Contents

ASM Cluster File System

Overview

Oracle ACFS Driver Model


Oracle ACFS Mount Model and Namespace
Oracle ACFS Mount Registry
Oracle ACFS Snapshots
Oracle ACFS and Backup and Restore
Oracle ACFS Integration with ASM

Loading ACFS Drivers / Modules


Create/Manage ACFS File System

AUTOMATIC STORAGE
MANAGEMENT (ASM)

Overview

A Volume Manager for Databases

A File System for Databases

11gR2 a File System

11gR2 a Cluster File System

ASM Structure / Components

ASM Instance

ASM Disk Groups

ASM Disks

ASM Files

Control files
Data files, temporary data files, and data file copies
SPFILEs
Online redo logs, archive logs, and Flashback logs
RMAN backups
Disaster recovery configurations
Change tracking bitmaps
Data Pump dumpsets

ASM Structure / Components

September 12 / Slide 11 / Title of Document

Benefits of ASM

Dynamically Add and Remove Disk/Space while database is running

Works with Oracle Managed Files (OMF)

ASM can coexist with other storage types

ASM Can Improve I/O Performance

When in a Cluster ASM Supports Rolling Upgrades

ASM Reduces Management and Administrative Overhead

ASM can support storage for multiple Databases and Database Versions

Flexible Redundancy Options

Oracle Enterprise Manager Integration

September 12 / Slide 12 / Title of Document

Any Issues?

ASM Requires additional Home location for single instance


implementations, meaning additional space for install is required.

For Normal or High Redundancy Disk Groups the disk for the failgroup(s)
are required when the disk group is created.

RMAN is required to backup databases using ASM.

ASM does not provide any power management features, all power
management features are controlled outside the ASM technology stack.

September 12 / Slide 13 / Title of Document

INFRASTRUCTURE

September 12 / Slide 14 / Title of Document

Storage Options

ASM works with virtually any storage type

Direct Attached Storage


Network Attached Storage
Storage Area Networks
Solid State Disk

Storage regardless of the type is presented to the server as


a RAW device(s)

Operating System on the Server Controls disk use

September 12 / Slide 15 / Title of Document

Redundancy

External

Normal

Disk hardware controls the Redundancy


1 disk mirror or failgroup

High

2 disk mirrors or failgroups

September 12 / Slide 16 / Title of Document

Redundancy

Multipathing

provide failover by using redundant physical paths between server


and the storage subsystem.
If one or more components fails, then applications can still access
data on the storage

Multipathing used with Storage Area Network (SAN), Host


Bus Adapter, interface cable, or host port on a multiported
storage array.

September 12 / Slide 17 / Title of Document

Database Storage

Disks assigned to ASM Disk Groups

ASM Instance manages database storage to disk groups

Database datafiles, tempfiles, controlfiles, spfiles and redo


logs stored in ASM Disk Groups

Database can store files in one or more Disk Groups

September 12 / Slide 18 / Title of Document

File Storage (ASM Clustered File System)

ASM Clustered File System (ACFS)

11gR2 added the capability for ASM to act as a file system for
all operating system files with ACFS

Can act as a local filesystem or a cluster filesystem

Works natively at the OS layer to act just like any other


filesystem

ASM Creation Assistant can be used to create ACFS


filesystems

ASM command line utility can be used to create and manage


ACFS file systems (asmcmd)
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VOLUME MANAGEMENT

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Comparison to other Volume Managers

ASM Requires RMAN for Database Backups while other


volume managers will allow non-RMAN backups.

ASM is being taught with all Oracle Database Training and it


Oracles Direction for the future. Other volume managers
may require additional training to utilize effectively.

ASM Cluster File System adds capability to utilize ASM as a


regular native OS filesystem.

ASM is a no-cost cluster file system option, 3rd party volume


managers require additional license purchase and support
costs.

ASM typically provides better performance

Use with Other Volume Managers

ASM co-exists with other cluster file system or native OS file


systems.

Mix database and non-database files on different filesystems

Use ASM for Database files and non-database files


Use OCFS2, Veritas, ext3, etc. database and non database files
Use ASM, OCFS2, Veritas, etc. for database and non-database files

Move database and non-database files between different


filesystems including ASM.

How ASM can replace other Logical Volume Managers

11gR2 adds ASM Cluster File System expanding the capability


of ASM to be used as a native OS filesystem.

Create ASM file systems/volumes for databases


Create ACFS file systems which use ASM for storage for nondatabase files.

ACFS provides full volume management for virtually all file


types.

ASM with ACFS however can not replace the native OS


volume manager for root and boot volumes and ASM/ACFS
was not designed to support root or boot volumes for the
operating system but to supplement and add additional
capabilities

ASM IN A HIGH AVAILABILITY


ENVIRONMENT

Fail Groups

FailGroups are utilized in NORMAL and HIGH Redundancy


Disk Groups.

FailGroups provide Disk Group storage protection using


mirrors within Disk Groups

FailGroups can be located on multiple storage systems


protecting against storage system failure

Failgroups can be located at a separate site based on


network and latency conditions.

Real Application Clusters (RAC) Database

ASM was designed to provide a Highly Available Clustered


Storage for Real Application Clusters

Provide highest availability for RAC

External storage Redundancy using RAID 10, RAID 5, RAID 6 to


protect against individual disk failures
ASM FailGroups to protect against Storage System Failures, storage
systems can be located at separate sites depending on network
capability and latency.

Multiple Nodes in cluster provide protection against node


failure.

DataGuard

Data Guard Provides for long distance cross site failover

Uses ASM effectively

ASM can simplify the building and maintaining Data Guard


Standby database

RAC capable standbys from RAC primary or single instance


standby from RAC primary.

Closes the maximum availability and scalability gap that RAC


and ASM alone can not provide.

PREPARE VOLUMES FOR ASM

Requirements

For Linux ASMLib utility is not required, however


recommended and considered best practice. ** Not support
in Red Hat 6 for ASMLib going forward based on most
recent information

For Linux ASMLib should be installed and configured

RAW volumes presented to the host/operating System

RAW volumes partitioned

Permissions and ownership of volumes for oracle and dba or


ASM Admin group

Make permissions and ownership of volumes persistent


across host restarts

ASMLib for Linux

Check Installation

Install ASMLib

http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/tech/linux/asmlib/rhel5.html

rpm -i oracleasm-support-2.1.3-1.el5.i386.rpm
rpm -i oracleasm-2.6.18-128.1.6.el5-2.0.5-1.el5.i686.rpm
rpm -i oracleasmlib-2.0.4-1.el5.i386.rpm
rpm -i oracleasm-2.6.18-128.1.6.el5debug-2.0.5-1.el5.i686.rpm
rpm -i oracleasm-2.6.18-128.1.6.el5-debuginfo-2.0.5-1.el5.i686.rpm
rpm -i oracleasm-2.6.18-128.1.6.el5PAE-2.0.5-1.el5.i686.rpm
rpm -i oracleasm-2.6.18-128.1.6.el5xen-2.0.5-1.el5.i686.rpm

rpm qa | grep oracleasm

Configure ASMLib

/etc/init.d/oracleasm configure

Create disks for ASM

Partition RAW volumes to be used for ASM

fdisk /dev/sda

Change Group at min and permissions on volume and


partition

chmod 660 /dev/sda


chmod 660 /dev/sda1
chown oracle:dba /dev/sda
chown oracle:dba /dev/sda1

Place Group and permission changes in /etc/rc.d/rc.local

Initialize partitions on devices into ASM Disks

/etc/init.d/oracleasm createdisk ASMDSK1 /dev/sda1

INSTALLING ASM

Software and OS Requirements for Oracle Enterprise


Linux

OS Requirements Enterprise Linux

At least 1GB of free available memory on server


At least 1.8GB of free swap
Oracle user
Oracle dba group
Ensure the following exist in the /etc/security/limits.conf
*
*

hard nproc
hard nofile

16384
65536

Ensure that the limits are configured to set for new sessions by
ensuring the following are in the /etc/pam.d/system-auth file.
session required pam_limits.so
session required pam_unix.so

September 12 / Slide 33 / Title of Document

Software and OS Requirements for Oracle Enterprise


Linux

Ensure that the following are included in the .bash_profile for the
oracle user
ulimit -n 65536
ulimit -u 16384

Ensure oracle primary group dba

$ usermod g dba oracle

set the following in the /etc/sysctl.conf

kernel.msgmnb = 65536
kernel.msgmax = 65536
kernel.shmmax = 4294967295
kernel.shmall = 268435456
kernel.sem=250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000 < 11gR1
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500 >= 11gR2
net.core.rmem_default=4194304
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.rmem_max=4194304
net.core.wmem_max=1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
September 12 / Slide 34 / Title of Document

Software and OS Requirements for Oracle Enterprise


Linux

CD3
rpm -Uvh libaio-0
rpm -Uvh libaio-devel-0.3.105-2.i386.rpm

CD4
rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-0
rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-devel-0.91.1-3.i386.rpm

CD1
rpm -Uvh unixODBC-2.2.11-1.RHEL4.1.i386.rpm

September 12 / Slide 35 / Title of Document

Installation Basics

Ensure OS compatibility for the ASM version to be installed

Ensure all OS pre-reqs are satisfied

For ASM the latest ASM version is recommended to be used


even for lower versions of the database software

Obtain the latest ASM Software currently 11.2 and is included


in the Grid Infrastructure Software Installation

The Oracle Universal Installer greatly simplifies the


installation process for the Database and Grid Infrastructure
software.

ASM COMMAND LINE UTILITY

What is the ASM Command Line Utility

Command line interface for management of ASM disk


groups and ACFS volumes

Run from Grid Infrastructure home

<GRIDHOME>/bin/asmcmd

ASMCMD Commands

Instance Management

iostat
lsct
lsop

Displays statistics for mounted devices.


Lists information about current ASM clients.
Lists the current operations on a disk group, database, or
ASM instance.
lspwusr List the users from an Oracle PWFILE file.
orapwusr Add, drop, or change an Oracle PWFILE user.
shutdown Shuts down an ASM instance.
spcopy
Copies a SPFILE.
startup
Starts up an ASM instance.

ASMCMD Commands

File Access

chgrp
chmod
chown
groups
grpmod
lsgrp
lsusr
mkgrp
mkusr
passwd
rmgrp
rmusr

Changes the group of a file.


Changes permissions of a file.
Changes the owner of a file.
List the user groups that a user belongs to.
Adds or removes users from an existing user group.
Lists ASM access control list (ACL) groups.
Lists users in a disk group.
Creates a new user group.
Adds a user to disk group.
Changes the password of a user in a disk group.
Deletes a user group.
Deletes a user from a disk group.

ASMCMD Commands

File Management
cd
du

find

ls

lsof
mkalias
mkdir
pwd
rm
rmalias

Changes the current directory to the specified directory.


Displays the total disk space occupied by ASM files in the
specified ASM directory and all of its subdirectories, recursively.
Lists the paths of all occurrences of the specified name (with
wildcards) under the specified directory.
Lists the contents of an ASM directory, the attributes of the
specified file, or the names and attributes of all disk groups.
Lists the open files.
Creates an alias for system-generated filenames.
Creates ASM directories.
Displays the path of the current ASM directory.
Deletes the specified ASM files or directories.
Deletes the specified alias, retaining the file alias points to.

ASMCMD Commands

Disk Group Management

chdg
Changes a disk group (add, drop, or rebalance).
chkdg
Checks or repairs a disk or failure group.
cp
Enables you to copy files between ASM disk groups on a
local instance and remote instances.
dgdrop
Drops a disk group.
lsattr
Lists the attribute and attribute settings of a disk group.
lsdg
Lists disk groups and their information.
lsdsk
Lists disks visible to ASM.
lsgrp
Lists ASM access control list (ACL) groups.
md_backup Creates a backup of all of the mounted disk groups.
md_restore Restores disk groups from a backup.
mkdg
Creates a disk group.
mount
Mounts a disk group.

ASMCMD Commands

Disk Group Management (cont.)

offline

online

rebal
remap
setattr
umount

Offline a disk or a failure group that belongs to a disk


group.
Onlines a disk or a failure group that belongs to a disk
group.
Rebalances a disk group.
Repairs a range of physical blocks on a disk.
Sets attributes in an ASM disk group.
Dismounts a disk group.

ASMCMD Commands

ACFS ASM Clustered File System

volcreate
voldelete
voldisable
volenable
volinfo
volresize
volset
volstat

Create a volume
Delete a volume
Disable a volume.
Enable a Volume
Volume Information,
Resize a volume
Change existing attribute
Report volume I/O statistics.

WORKING WITH ASM DISK


GROUPS

September 12 / Slide 45 / Title of Document

Discovering Disks

You can discover disk groups using ASM lib or the ASM
instance.

ASMLib
/etc/init.d/oracleasm scandisks
/etc/init.d/oracleasm listdisks

ASM Instance

SQL> select name, path from v$asm_disk ;

Create ASM Disk Groups

Set ORACLE_HOME to Grid Infrastructure installation


location

SET ORACLE_SID to ASM instance name typically +ASM

A disk group can be created using SQL Plus or the ASM


command line utility.

Create ASM Disk Groups

External Redundancy

SQL Plus

SQL> create diskgroup UNDO external redundancy disk 'ORCL:UNDO1' ;

asmcmd
Create diskgroup_config.xml
<dg name="dgroup1" redundancy=external">
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk1" />
<a name="compatible.asm" value="11.2"/>
<a name="compatible.rdbms" value="11.2"/>
</dg>
ASMCMD> mkdg diskgroup_config.xml

Create ASM Disk Groups

Normal Redundancy

SQL Plus

SQL> create diskgroup test_failgroup normal redundancy


FAILGROUP fg1 DISK ORCL:ASMDSK1' NAME ASMDSK1
FAILGROUP fg2 DISK ORCL:ASMDSK2' NAME ASMDSK2 ;

asmcmd

Create diskgroup_config.xml
<dg name="dgroup1" redundancy="normal">
<fg name="fg1">
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk1" />
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk2" />
</fg>
<fg name="fg2">
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk3" />
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk4" />
</fg>
<a name="compatible.asm" value="11.2"/>
<a name="compatible.rdbms" value="11.2"/>
</dg>

ASMCMD> mkdg diskgroup_config.xml

Create ASM Disk Groups

High Redundancy

SQL Plus

SQL> create diskgroup test_failgroup high redundancy


FAILGROUP fg1 DISK '/dev/oracleasm/disks/ASMDSK1' NAME ASMDSK1
FAILGROUP fg2 DISK '/dev/oracleasm/disks/ASMDSK2' NAME ASMDSK2
FAILGROUP fg3 DISK '/dev/oracleasm/disks/ASMDSK2' NAME ASMDSK3 ;

Create ASM Disk Groups

asmcmd

Create diskgroup_config.xml

<dg name="dgroup1" redundancy=high">


<fg name="fg1">
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk1" />
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk2" />
</fg>
<fg name="fg2">
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk3" />
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk4" />
</fg>
<fg name="fg3">
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk5" />
<dsk string="/dev/raw/disk6" />
</fg>
<a name="compatible.asm" value="11.2"/>
<a name="compatible.rdbms" value="11.2"/>
</dg>

ASMCMD> mkdg diskgroup_config.xml

Mounting/Un-mounting Disk Groups

Mounting and Un-mounting Disk Groups can be done via


SQL Plus or the asmcmd utility

Mount

SQL Plus

asmcmd

SQL> alter diskgroup undo mount ;


asmcmd> mount undo ;

Un-mount

SQL Plus

SQL> alter diskgroup undo dismount ;

asmcmd

asmcmd> umount undo ;

Add Disk/Space to ASM Disk Group

Space is added to a disk group by the addition of ASM


disks/volumes.

SQL Plus

SQL> alter diskgroup test add disk ORCL:ASMDSK5

Remove Disk/Space from ASM Disk Group

Space is removed from an ASM Disk Group by removing


disks from the diskgroup.

SQL Plus

SQL> alter diskgroup test_failgroup drop disk ASMDSK2 ;

Change ASM Disk Group Compatibility

The Disk Group Compatibility can be change after the disk


group is created provided it does not exceed compatibility in
the environment being used. The COMPATIBLE.ASM and
COMPATIBLE.RDBMS dictate the instance and RDBMS
capability instance parameter settings.
COMPATIBLE.ASM

COMPATIBLE.RDBMS

ASM Instance

RDBMS Instance

10.1

10.1

>=10.1

>=10.1

11.1

10.1

>=11.1

>=10.1

11.2

11.1

>=11.2

>=11.1

11.2

11.2

>=11.2

>=11.2

Disk Group can only be changed upward (so be careful)

SQL Plus

SQL> ALTER DISKGROUP data SET ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.asm' = '11.1';

Rename Disk Group

Starting will 11g Release 2 a disk group can be renamed using


the renamedg command line utility

asmcmd

renamedg dgname=olddiskgroup newdgname=newdiskgroup

** Note: If Disk Group Contains Database Files the database files


will need to be relocated. This will require off lining the
tablespaces that have datafiles on the diskgroup or shutting
the database down prior to renaming the diskgroup. Then
once diskgroup is rename relocating all files with alter
database rename command for new Disk Group Name.

Managing ASM File Access Control for Disk Groups

Managing file and directory is done using the asmcmd


command line utility

Managing access in asm is much like managing file and


directory access in unix operating systems.

You have users, groups, directory and file permissions


controlled through the use of commands

mkusr
mkgrp
rmgrp
rmusr
chown
chgrp
chmod

Managing ASM File Access Control for Disk Groups

mkusr Create New User

mkgrp Create New Group

asmcmd> mkusr dg1 myuser ;


asmcmd> mkgrp dg1 mygroup ;

grpmod Add/Remove Users for Group

-a Add User

grpmod a dg1 mygroup myuser


grpmod d dg1 mygroup myuser

rmgrp Remove Group

-d Remove User

asmcmd> rmgrp dg1 mygroup ;

rmusr Remove User

asmcmd> rmusr dg1 myuser ;

Managing ASM File Access Control for Disk Groups

chown

chgrp

ASMCMD> chown db1 +data/orcl/datafile/*


ASMCMD> chown R db1 +data/orcl
ASMCMD> chown db1:backup_user +data/controlfile.f
asmcmd> chgrp backup_users +data/controlfile.f ;
asmcmd> chgrp R backup_users +data/* ;

chmod

ASMCMD> chmod 644 +data/controlfile.f


ASMCMD> chmod go+rw +data/controlfile.f
ASMCMD> chmod ug-w +data/orcl/datafile/*
ASMCMD> chmod R 600 +data/orcl

Drop ASM Disk Group

A disk group can be dropped using either SQL Plus or the


asmcmd command line utility

SQL Plus
DROP DISKGROUP dg1 ;
** If Disk Group has files then use the INCLUDING CONTENTS clause
SQL> DROP DISKGROUP disk_group_1 INCLUDING CONTENTS;

asmcmd
asmcmd> dgdrop dg1 ;
** If Disk Group has files then use the r option
asmcmd> dgdrop r dg1 ;

ASM CLUSTER FILE SYSTEM

Overview

Requires installation of 11g Release 2 (11.2) Grid Infrastructure Software

ACFS executes as a UNIX (POSIX and X/OPEN compatible) file system for
Linux and UNIX and ACFS works as a Windows Filesystem on Windows.

Applications and OS commands work natively against ACFS

Exabyte capable files and file system capacities on 64 bit platforms

Peer to peer, multi-node shared filesystem with direct, coherent and


cache I/O to ASM Storage.

Works as a Clustered or non-clustered filesystem

Oracle ACFS are provided with single node file system coherency for
single host or when distributed across cluster members.

Oracle ACFS file system can be used for an Oracle Database Home file
system.

Oracle ACFS Driver Model

Oracle ACFS is installed as a dynamically loadable Operating


System filesystem driver.

Driver is implemented as a Virtual File System (VFS)

Integrated with the native operating system

Oracle ACFS Mount Model and Namespace

Hierarchical filesystem

Tree-structured Namespace

Files
Sub-directories
Files are the leaf nodes
Single-filesystem naming model

Not designed to be a root filesystem or bootable.

Oracle ACFS Mount Registry

Multi-platform mount registration facility

Automatically mount file systems on all nodes in a cluster


that are registered

Clustered and non-clustered filesystems are registered in the


Mount Registry, most useful for clusters really

Clustered see acfsutil command


Non-clustered see srvctl add filesystem command

Creates the mount point if it does not exist

Registry mount actions will automatically mount associated


ASM disk groups

Oracle ACFS Snapshots

Point in time copy of an ACFS filesystem

Works very similar to SAN Volume or Flash Copies

Snapshots are immediately available for use after creation

Always online while the file system is mounted

Snapshot storage is maintained within the file system

Snapshots are administered with the acfsutil snap


commands

63 snapshot views supported for each file system

Oracle ACFS and Backup and Restore

Uses same backup capabilities as other filesystems for the


host operating system environment.

ACFS snapshots can be dynamically created and used to


present a consistent view of an active file system for a
backup

NOTE: Windows backup applications that depend upon


reparse points or the Windows Volume Shadow Copy
Service (VSS) may not be supported.

Oracle ACFS Integration with ASM

ACFS requires ASM for storage

Always integrated with ASM

Configured with a traditional device file

ACFS filesystem inherits ASM storage management features


like balanced distribution, mirroring, dynamic resizing, etc.

Driver established connection with ASM instance

Always unmount ACFS filesystems prior to ASM instance


shutdown or prior t0 unmounting a disk group to avoid the
filesystem being put into an error state.

Loading ACFS Drivers / Modules

To utilize ACFS the ACFS drivers and modules must be


loaded into the operating system

For Grid Infrastructure installations in a cluster the drivers and


modules are loaded automatically
Single instance Grid Infrastructure installations the ACFS
Drivers/Modules must be loaded Manaually

Load ACFS Drivers/Modules Manually

Log into the host operating system as root


<GRIDHOME>/bin/acfsload start
Place the load command into /etc/rc.d/rc.local for the load to be
persistent across node restarts

Create/Manage ACFS File System

Must first have a Disk Group for the ACFS file system to use

Disk Group Compatibility must be 11.2.0 or higher

SQL> select group_number, name, compatibility,


database_compatibility from v$asm_diskgroup;
alter diskgroup avm SET ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.advm' = '11.2.0.0'

Create an ACFS File System through ASMCA or asmcmd

Create using asmcmd ASM command line utility

Get ACFS volume information

volcreate -d diskgroupa -s 10G volume

volinfo a dg1

Enable volumes in a Disk Group

All - volenable a dg1


Volume volenable d dg1 <volumename>

Create/Manage ACFS File System

Resize a ACFS volume in a Disk Group

ACFS Volume Statistics

volstat -d <diskgroup_name> <volume_name>

Disable ACFS volume

volresize -d <diskgroupname> -s 2G [ -f ] <volumename>

voldisable -d <diskgroup_name> <volume_name>

Remove an ACFS volume

voldelete -d <diskgroup_name > <volume_name>

Thank You

Thank you!

September 12 / Slide 72 / Title of Document