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Index

95/16/EC 326
98/37/EC 303
98/37/EC 328
Acceleration 13, 68
angular 68
linear 68
Activity factor 266
Aero turbojet 225
Aeropropeller 263
design 264
Afterburner 223
Algebra, vector 27
Alloy steels 295, 296
Analysis:
dimensional 21
failure mode 287
risk 287
API 613 249
Area 15
Axial flow compressor characteristics
235
Axisymmetric flows 151
Balance:
calculations 173
of couplings 97
quality grades (ISO 1940) 75
Balancing:
dynamic 78
pump impeller 174
pump rotor 175
rotor dynamic 244
standards 79
Ball bearings 88
Beams:
deflection of 51, 52
slope of 51, 52
Bearing housing vibration 75
Bearings 86

GT 240
GT shaft 241
lifetime 86
sensors, GT 242
standards 131
Bellows seals 110
Belt:
drives 121
V 124
wedge 124
Bending and torsion, combined 60
Blade clearance checks 245
Blade element design theory 263
Boundary layers 145
Brakes 128
basic types 129
Cam:
constant velocity 119
simple harmonic motion 120
uniform acceleration 120
CE mark 308
Centrifual pump test circuit 165
Centrifugal draught fan 267
Centrifugal pumps 153
Chain of traceability 299
Characteristics:
GT noise 247
pump 162
Clearance checks:
blade 245
GT 246
Clutches 123
friction 127
Coefficients of friction 89
Combustion arrangement, GT
sequential 238
Compressibility 136
Compressible one-dimensional flow
147

338

Engineers Guide to Rotating Equipment

Compressor 181
acceptance testing 183
flowrate 181
geometry 262
performance 181
specifications and standards 186
test circuit 184
technical standards 186
Constant velocity cam 119
Contact checks 250
Couplings:
balance of 97
flexible 93, 96
fluid 123
gear 94
keyed 57
shaft 91
Crankshaft web deflections 258
Datums 278
Declaration of conformity 311, 312
Deflection of beams 51, 52
Density 5
Design:
aeropropellers 264
constraints 293
for reliability 292, 293
reliability, improving 289
reliability in 287
theory, blade element 263
Diesel engine 255
brake test 257
guarantee 256
performance 255
technical standards 259
Differential pulleys 130
Dimensional analysis 21
Disc-type flexible couplings 93
Double helical gears 103
Drag coefficients 151
Draught fan, centrifugal 267
Dynamic balancing 78
of a gear rotor 251
test 250
Dynamic equilibrium 65
Dynamic viscosity 16
Elastic bending (flexure) , simple 48
Ellipse 42
EN 10 204 classes, material traceability
301

Engine, diesel 255


brake test, diesel 257
guarantee, diesel 256
performance, diesel 255
Epicyclic gear sets 104
Equations:
motion 65
NavierStokes 142
ESRs 316
Essential health and safety requirements
316
European Commission 328
Failure mode analysis (FMA) 287, 289
Fan running testing procedures 272
Fin-fan cooler 270, 274
Flexible couplings:
membrane-type 93, 96
simple disc-type 93
Flexure 48
Flow 11
axisymmetric 151
compressible one-dimensional 147
compressor characteristics, axial 235
equations 137
isentropic 146
measurement, turbocompressor 199
regimes 142, 144
one-dimensional 137, 138
two-dimensional 139, 140, 141
Flowrate, compressor 181
Fluid:
couplings 123
principles 139
statics 137
Force 4
dynamic 69
Forced vibration with damping 73
Free damped vibration 72
Free vibration 72
Friction:
clutch 127
coefficients 89
Gas, perfect 135
Gas turbine:
aeroderivatives 223
industrial 234
inspections and testing 240
propulsion terminology 223
Gears 99

Index

coupling 94
double helical 103
forces, formulae for 111
inspection standards 249
materials 108
nomenclature 108
selection 107
sets, epicyclic 104
spur 101
train contact checks 251
Gearbox:
and testing 249
no-load running test 253
running test monitoring 254
General tolerances 280
Gland steam system 207
Greek alphabet 1
GT:
air intake system 238
bearings 240
sensors 242
clearance checks 246
industrial 238
noise:
characteristics 247
tests 248
no-load run test 247
rotor runout measurement 243
sequential combustion arrangement
238
shaft bearings 241
Harmonic motion, simple 67
Harmonized standards 315, 321
Health and safety requirements,
essential 316
Heat 8, 10
Helical gears, double 103
Helix 44, 45
Holes 281
Hyperbola 43
Improving design reliability 289
Industrial GT 238
Inspections and testing, gas turbine 240
Isentropic flow 146
ISO 1940 75
Keyed couplings 57
Kinematic viscosity 17

339

Kinetics 102
Labyrinth gland 110
Limits and fits 283
common combinations 285
Machine:
elements 84
vibration 75
Machinery Directive 321
98/37/EC 303, 328
annexes 308
exclusions from 304
Machinery instruction 313
Machinery noise 79
Material traceability 299
EN10 204 classes 301
Mechanical design, propeller 266
Mechanical power transmission 90
Mechanical seals 110, 114, 115
Membrane-type flexible couplings 93
Moment of area, second 49
Motion:
angular 66
equations 65
National standards 320
NavierStokes equations 142
Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH)
158, 159
test 166
New approach directives 303
Noise levels, typical 80
Noise, machinery 79
Normal shock waves 148
Numbers, preferred 277
One-dimensional flow 137, 138
compressible 147
Parabola 41
Perfect gas 135
Performance:
compressor 181
guarantees, turbocompressors 197
pump 158
test, turbocompressor 198, 199
Plain carbon steels 295
Poissons ratio 48

340

Engineers Guide to Rotating Equipment

Power 11
transmission, mechanical 90
Preferred numbers 277
Preferred sizes 277
Pressure 5, 7
conversions 6
Propeller:
coefficients 265
mechanical design 266
Propfans 228
Proposed amending directive
95/16/EC 326
PTC-10, turbocompressors 194
Pulley:
differential 130
mechanisms 128
Pulsejet 223, 229
Pump:
assembly checks 177
balancing 172
centrifugal 153
technical standards 178
characteristics 162
components clearances and fits
176
impeller balancing 174
performance 158
rotor balancing 175
specific speed ns 169
Ramjet 223, 228
Reliability:
assessment 288
in design 287
Reynolds number 142
Risk analysis 287
Rocket motor 223
Roller bearings 88
Rotor dynamic balancing 244
Rotor overspeed test 244
Rotor tests 214
Screw:
fasteners 83
threads 282
Seals 110
bellows 110
mechanical 110, 114, 115
Shaft:
couplings 91
vibration 196

SI system 2
Simple disc-type flexible couplings 93
Simple harmonic motion cam 120
Sine wave 44
Sinks 142, 143
Sizes, preferred 277
Slope of beams 51, 52
Sources 142, 143
Special attestation procedures 306
Specific speed 171
pump 169
Specifications and standards,
compressor 186
Speed 13
Spur gears 101
Stainless steel 296
Stall conditions 268
Standards:
and specifications, compressor 186
balancing 81
bearings 131
gear inspection 249
harmonized 315, 321
national 320
noise 82
technical ix
centrifugal pumps 178
diesel engine 259
fans 269
vibration 81
Statics, fluid 137
Steam turbine 203
casing hydrostatic test 213
expansion measurement 211
gland stream system 208
hydraulic oil system 207
jacking oil system 206
labyrinth seals 209
LO system 204
supervision system 210
vibration monitoring 211
Steels:
alloy 295, 296
plain carbon 295
stainless 296, 297
Strain:
energy 56
simple 47
Stress 11
concentration factors 61
simple 47

Index

Surface finish 286


Technical file 310
Technical standards ix
centrifugal pumps 178
compressor 186
diesel engine 259
fans 269
turbines 217
Temperature 8
conversion 9
Test:
circuit, compressor 184
diesel engine brake 257
dynamic balancing 250
gearbox:
no-load running 253
running monitoring 254
GT no-load run 247
rotor overspeed 244
steam turbine casing hydrostatic 213
turbine hydrostatic 212
Testing:
and gearboxes 249
and inspections, gas turbine 240
compressor acceptance 183
GT noise 248
procedures, fan running 272
rotor 214
turbocompressor vibration 200
Tolerances 278, 280
screw threads 282
Tooth geometry 102
Torque 11, 57
Torsion 51, 53, 57
and bending, combined 60
Turbine:
casing hydrostatic test, steam 213
clearances 216
drains system 209
gas:
aeroderivatives 223
industrial 234
gland stream system, steam 208
hydraulic oil system, steam 207
hydrostatic test 212
jacking oil system, steam 206
labyrinth seals, steam 209
LO system, steam 204
propulsion terminology, gas 223

341

steam 203
expansion measurement 211
supervision system, steam 210
technical standards 217
vibration monitoring, steam 211
Turbochargers 260
Turbocompressors 188, 191
ASME PTC-10 194
vibration tests 201
flow measurement 199
performance:
test 198, 199
guarantees 197
Turbofan 226, 227
fan-jet 224
Turbojet 223, 224, 226
aero 225
simple 223
Turboprop 223, 224, 228
Turboshaft 224, 228
Two-dimensional flow 139, 140, 141
Uniform acceleration cam 120
Units systems 2
USCS system 2
V belts 124
Vacuum breaker 207
VDI 2045 193
VDI 2056 249
Vector algebra 27
Vibration 71
bearing house 75
forced with damping 73
formulae 72
free 72
damped 72
machine 75
shaft 196
tests, turbocompressor 201
Viscosity 16
dynamic 16
kinematic 17
Waves, normal shock 148
Wedge belts 124
Weight 4
Wheel 100
Work 8
Worm 100

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