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DIESEL ENGINE

A
Seminar Report
Submitted
In partial fulfilment
For the award of the Degree of
Bachelor of Technology
In
Mechanical Engineering

Submitted to :

Submitted By:

Mr. Anil Mahawat

Rahul Choudhary

(HOD M.E. Deptt.)

Roll No. 10EAEME041

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Alwar Institute of Engineering & Technology Alwar- (Rajasthan)
April-2014

CANDIDATE DECLARATION
I, am RAHUL CHOUDHARY student of Mechanical Engineering of Alwar Institute of
Engineering & Technology, Alwar hereby declare that the all information written in this
seminar report file are true.
The seminar entitled assigned to me by DIESEL ENGINE during my seminar for the partial
fulfilment from Rajasthan Technical University, Kota is the original work done by me and
the information provided in the study is authentic to the best of my knowledge.

(RAHUL CHOUDHARY)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We owe a great many thanks to a great many people who helped and supported us
during the making of the project.
Our deepest thanks to Mr. Anil Mahawat (HOD ME Deptt.), for the guide of the
project for guiding and correcting various documents of us with attention and care. We would
thank our institution and my faculty members without whom this project would have been a
distant reality. we also extend our heart full thanks to my friends and well wishers.
I wish to express my deep sense of gratitude to all the faculty members of Mechanical
Engineering Dept. for their guidance and useful suggestions, which helped me in completing
the seminar work, in time

RAHUL CHOUDHARY
8th Sem, ME,
10EAEME041

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sr. No.

Topic

Page No.

Candidate Declaration

ii

Acknowledgment

iii

Contents

iv

List of Figures

vi

Abstracts

vii

1. Introduction
1.1 Multiple-Cylinder Engines

1-12
2

1.2 The Four Stoke Cycle Diesel Engine

1.3 Classification of Engines

1.4 Piston Connection

10

1.5 Valve Arrangement

10

1.6 Method of Fuel Injection

11

1.7 Method of Engine Cooling

11

1.8 Speed

12

2. Construction and Details of Engine Parts

13-33

2.1 Basic Engine Parts

13

2.2 Cylinder Block

14

2.3 Alternative Fuel

17

2.4 Cylinder Head

18

2.5 Piston

20

2.6 Connecting Rod

25

2.7 Crankshaft

25

2.8 Vibration Damper

27

2.9 Main Bearings

28

2.10 Valve Actuating Mechanism

29

3. Combustion in the C.I. Engine and Fuel Injection System

34--40

3.1 Combustion Stages of CI Engine

37

3.2 Diesel Knock

38

4. Multi Cylinder Diesel Engine Fuel Injection System

41-51

4.1 Multi Cylinder Fuel Injection Pump

41

4.2 Location of Faults

42

4.3 Difficulty in Starting

43

4.4 Cold Condition

43

4.5 Correct Condition of Spray

44

4.6 Water in the Fuel

45

5. Excessive Exhaust Temperature

52-53

5.1 Irregular Firing or Miss Firing

52

5.2 Another Example

54

6. Principle of Operation

55

7. Working Multi-Cylinder Diesel Engines

56-63

8. Application

64-65

9. Multi Cylinder Diesel Engine Test Rig

66

Conclusion

67

References

68

LIST OF FIGURE
Fig. No.

Fig. Name

Page No.

Fig. 1.1 Multi cylinder diesel engine

Fig. 1.2 Crankshaft for a six cylinder engine

Fig. 1.3 Multi Cylinder Diesel Engine Diagram

Fig. 1.4 Four Stoke Cycle Diesel Engine

Fig. 2.1 Cylinder Block

15

Fig. 2.2 Cylinder head and mountings

18

Fig. 2.3 Nomenclature of piston

23

Fig.2.4 Crankshaft

25

Fig. 2.5 Vibration damper and crank shaft pully assembly mounting

27

Fig. 2.6 BEARING

28

Fig. 2.7 Overhead valve mechanism

31

Fig. 3.1 Schematic representation of disintegration of fuel jet in IC engine

36

Fig. 7.1 Inline - The cylinders are arranged in a line in a single bank

57

Fig. 7.2 V - The cylinders are arranged in two banks set at an angle to one another

58

Fig. 7.3 Flat - The cylinders are arranged in two banks on opposite sides of the engine

58

ABSTRACT

In a Diesel engine with variably actuated valves, the cam controlling each inlet valve is
shaped to provoke the opening of the respective inlet valve during the engine's normal
exhaust phase and thus realize exhaust gas recirculation within the engine, due to the fact that
during the normal exhaust phase, part of the exhaust gas passes from the cylinder into the
inlet port, from where it returns to the cylinder during the next induction phase, while part of
the exhaust gas that had previously passed into the exhaust port returns to the cylinder during
the induction phase due to the additional opening of the exhaust valve, in consequence of
which the exhaust gas charges that return to the cylinder are subjected to further combustion
in the next engine cycle.