42 views

Uploaded by mahfuz

- Αντλίες θερμότητας YUTAKI M - Τεχνικός κατάλογος
- Questions
- 1935855-NR-312003-Turbomachinery
- Lec 30 MER231_F09 Thermo review
- Insights Autumn2013
- Rankine Cycle Efficiency
- Propane Refrigeration
- piping interview.pdf
- Gardner Denver Electra Screw Brochure
- Breathing Air Quality Standard is.15879.2009
- SIWES-1
- Dairyprocess Guidebook
- Internship OCL
- Hg 24 Series
- RPP 04 2008BI
- compressor
- Compressor Anti-Surge Valve
- Zander Water Separators
- Chapter 2 - Energy Concepts
- Industrial on Best Practices Guide

You are on page 1of 3

1. A utility runs a Rankine cycle with a water boiler at 3.0 MPa and the cycle has the

highest and lowest temperatures of 450C and 45C respectively. Find the plant

efficiency and the efficiency of a Carnot cycle with the same temperatures.

2. A steam power plant operating in an ideal Rankine cycle has a high pressure of 5 MPa

and a low pressure of 15 kPa. The turbine exhaust state should have a quality of at least

95% and the turbine power generated should be 7.5 MW. Find the necessary boiler exit

temperature and the total mass flow rate.

3. A smaller power plant produces steam at 3 MPa, 600oC in the boiler. It keeps the

condenser at 45 oC by transfer of 10 MW out as heat transfer. The first turbine section

expands to 500 kPa and then flow is reheated followed by the expansion in the low

pressure turbine. Find the reheat temperature so the turbine output is saturated vapor. For

this reheat find the total turbine power output and the boiler heat transfer.

4. A steam power plant operates with a boiler output of 20 kg/s steam at 2 MPa, 600C. The

condenser operates at 50C dumping energy to a river that has an average temperature of

20C. There is one open feedwater heater with extraction from the turbine at 600 kPa and

its exit is saturated liquid. Find the mass flow rate of the extraction flow. If the river

water should not be heated more than 5C how much water should be pumped from the

river to the heat exchanger (condenser)?

5. Consider an ideal steam regenerative cycle in which steam enters the turbine at 3.0 MPa,

400C, and exhausts to the condenser at 10 kPa. Steam is extracted from the turbine at

0.8 MPa for an open feedwater heater. The feedwater leaves the heater as saturated

liquid. The appropriate pumps are used for the water leaving the condenser and the

feedwater heater. Calculate the thermal efficiency of the cycle and the net work per

kilogram of steam.

6. A closed feedwater heater in a regenerative steam power cycle heats 20 kg/s of water

from 100C, 20 MPa to 250C, 20 MPa. The extraction steam from the turbine enters the

heater at 4 MPa, 275C, and leaves as saturated liquid. What is the required mass flow

rate of the extraction steam?

7. Steam enters the turbine of a power plant at 5 MPa and 400C, and exhausts to the

condenser at 10 kPa. The turbine produces a power output of 20000 kW with an

isentropic efficiency of 85%. What is the mass flow rate of steam around the cycle and

the rate of heat rejection in the condenser? Find the thermal efficiency of the power plant

and how does this compare with a Carnot cycle. All the components are ideal exceptthe

turbine

1. A Brayton cycle produces 14 MW with an inlet state of 17oC, 100 kPa, and a

compression ratio of 16:1. The heat added in the combustion is 960 kJ/kg. What are the

highest temperature and the mass flow rate of air, assuming cold air properties?

2. Consider an ideal air-standard Brayton cycle in which the air into the compressor is at

100 kPa, 20C, and the pressure ratio across the compressor is 12:1. The maximum

temperature in the cycle is 1100C, and the air flow rate is 10 kg/s. Assume constant

specific heat for the air, value from Table A.5. Determine the compressor work, the

turbine work, and the thermal efficiency of the cycle.

3. An ideal regenerator is incorporated into the ideal air-standard Brayton cycle of Problem

2. Find the thermal efficiency of the cycle with this modification. Consider an ideal airstandard Brayton cycle in which the air into the compressor is at 100 kPa, 20C, and the

pressure ratio across the compressor is 12:1. The maximum temperature in the cycle is

1100C, and the air flow rate is 10 kg/s. Assume constant specific heat for the air.

Determine the compressor work, the turbine work, and the thermal efficiency of the

cycle.

4. A two-stage air compressor has an intercooler between the two stages. The inlet state is

100 kPa, 290 K, and the final exit pressure is 1.6 MPa. Assume that the constant pressure

intercooler cools the air to the inlet temperature, T3 = T1. It can be shown that the

optimal pressure, P2 = (P1.P4)1/2, for minimum total compressor work. Find the specific

compressor works and the intercooler heat transfer for the optimal P2.

has a heat addition of 1800 kJ/kg of air, a compression ratio of 7, and a pressure and

temperature at the beginning of the compression process of 90 kPa, 10C. Assuming

constant specific heat, with the value from Table A.5, determine the maximum pressure

and temperature of the cycle, the thermal efficiency of the cycle and the mean effective

pressure.

6. A gasoline engine takes air in at 290 K, 90 kPa and then compresses it. The combustion

adds 1000 kJ/kg to the air after which the temperature is 2050 K. Use the cold air

properties (i.e. constant heat capacities at 300 K) and find the compression ratio, the

compression specific work and the highest pressure in the cycle.

7. A diesel engine has a bore of 0.1 m, a stroke of 0.11 m and a compression ratio of 19:1

running at 2000 RPM (revolutions per minute). Each cycle takes two revolutions and has

a mean effective pressure of 1400 kPa. With a total of 6 cylinders find the engine power

in kW and horsepower, hp.

8. At the beginning of compression in a diesel cycle T = 300 K, P = 200 kPa and after

combustion (heat addition) is complete T = 1500 K and P = 7.0 MPa. Find the

compression ratio, the thermal efficiency and the mean effective pressure.

Refrigeration

1. A refrigerator using R-134a is located in a 20C room. Consider the cycle to be ideal,

except that the compressor is neither adiabatic nor reversible. Saturated vapor at -20C

enters the compressor, and the R-134a exits the compressor at 50C. The condenser

temperature is 40C. The mass flow rate of refrigerant around the cycle is 0.2 kg/s, and

the coefficient of performance is measured and found to be 2.3. Find the power input to

the compressor and the rate of entropy generation in the compressor process.

2. Consider a two-stage compression refrigeration system operating between the pressure

limits of 0.8 and 0.14 MPa. The working fluid is refrigerant-134a. The refrigerant leaves

the condenser as a saturated liquid and is throttled to a flash chamber operating at 0.32

MPa. Part of the refrigerant evaporates during this flashing process, and this vapor is

mixed with the refrigerant leaving the low-pressure compressor. The mixture is then

compressed to the condenser pressure by the high-pressure compressor. The liquid in the

flash chamber is throttled to the evaporator pressure and cools the refrigerated space as it

vaporizes in the evaporator. Assuming the refrigerant leaves the evaporator as a saturated

vapor and both compressors are isentropic, determine (a) the fraction of the refrigerant

that evaporates as it is throttled to the flash chamber, (b) the amount of heat removed

from the refrigerated space and the compressor work per unit mass of refrigerant flowing

through the condenser, and (c) the coefficient of performance.

- Αντλίες θερμότητας YUTAKI M - Τεχνικός κατάλογοςUploaded byaenaos sa
- QuestionsUploaded byrajasamygopal
- 1935855-NR-312003-TurbomachineryUploaded bySsheshan Pugazhendhi
- Lec 30 MER231_F09 Thermo reviewUploaded bymomofuku42
- Insights Autumn2013Uploaded byAbbas Mohajer
- Rankine Cycle EfficiencyUploaded byAnonymous a19X9GHZ
- Propane RefrigerationUploaded bymohammadazrai
- piping interview.pdfUploaded bySunny Sunny
- Gardner Denver Electra Screw BrochureUploaded byFelipeCalero
- Breathing Air Quality Standard is.15879.2009Uploaded byUlhasPolle
- SIWES-1Uploaded byJudex Onyekaba
- Dairyprocess GuidebookUploaded byGraciela Lacosta
- Internship OCLUploaded byHafiz M Amir Sultan
- Hg 24 SeriesUploaded byVictor
- RPP 04 2008BIUploaded byNURUL SYUHADA BT ISMAIL HAJAR
- compressorUploaded bydragomitsu
- Compressor Anti-Surge ValveUploaded byMoralba Seijas
- Zander Water SeparatorsUploaded bybigboutch
- Chapter 2 - Energy ConceptsUploaded byaliabualiabu
- Industrial on Best Practices GuideUploaded bymail4theinfo989
- Module 1Uploaded byKora Thomas
- RAC-N-U1-2017Uploaded byvirat
- 2011_Energy Savings in Commercial Refrigeration Equipment_Low Pressure ControlUploaded byademargcjunior
- AE1222Uploaded byMaria Daza
- 2012 Fuelmaker CatalogueUploaded bydlseymour
- Field Surge Test ProcedureUploaded byShyam Adhikary
- Compressed Air SystemsUploaded byjasondoko
- TM-10-4310-392-13-and-PUploaded byPaul Titus Armentia
- Air Compressor BrosurUploaded byFick Ry's
- Lect29Uploaded byVinay Venkatkrishna

- Coal and Gas Fired Power PlantUploaded byMari Time
- Condensor Vaccum 관련 P&ID(Vacuum Line)_FinalUploaded byelisaadli
- Solar Charge RegulatorsUploaded byAnandha Padmanabhan
- Boiler Normal Shut DownUploaded bygaurav tiwari
- NRC PRESENTATION, ARNIE GUNDERSENUploaded byskdonalds
- Hydro Power PlantUploaded byEr Mishal Gandhi
- Chilime ReportUploaded bysauravkafle1
- 750951311Uploaded byMohamed Yassine Lahiani
- C9_Part1_V3Uploaded byOsman Kutlu
- IEEE Solar Stirling PaperUploaded byAli Kaiser
- Steam Turbine DesignUploaded byEkta Gupta
- A PPT On Nuclear EnergyUploaded bykaran
- Doosan power engineeringUploaded byJitendra Sharma
- State - Wise Solar Installed Capacity Break-upUploaded byPratik Prakash
- 1Uploaded bylikith333
- DS_YGE60Cell-29b_35mm_EU_EN_201409_v03Uploaded bymamijato
- introductionUploaded byAnonymous Cs0NelpD1
- Bushing for CaterpillarUploaded byHao chen
- Overview of Power Plants in Nigeria- UpdatedUploaded byChidiebere Samuel Okogwu
- Brochure TriogenUploaded byDaniel Ribes
- Wind PowerUploaded byHeather Smith
- ME F214 a Thermo-1st Sem 14-15 HOUploaded bymonu991
- Nuclear Energy ConversionUploaded byMohd Akhlaque
- 12837Uploaded bymassera.p2540
- SAN ONOFRE CASCADING STEAM GENERATOR FAILURES CREATED BY EDISONUploaded byskdonalds
- Standard Turbine Oils by Indian OilUploaded byJitu Jena
- 04.10.2012 Air Pre HeatersUploaded byBala Vignesh
- Air PreheatreUploaded byshihab
- Msc ProjectUploaded bylawidipo
- Introduction to CANDU Systems and OperationUploaded bymarc5663