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Q1.

Which activity is most likely to use aerobic respiration for energy?


10 km cross country run
Vault in gymnastics
Shot put
Jumping to block a shot in basketball
(Total 1 mark)

Q2.

All of the following are functions of the blood except:


Transport
Protection
Energy production
Temperature control
(Total 1 mark)

Q3.

In order for respiration to take place air must be taken in.


(i)

Name two of the air passages which allow air to enter the body.
One ..............................................................................................................
Two...............................................................................................................
(2)

(ii)

Describe what gaseous exchange is and clearly state where it takes place.
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(3)
(Total 5 marks)

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Q4.

The circulatory system contributes to the efficient performance of a sports performer.


(i)

State two different functions or roles of the blood.


Function/role one ...........................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
Function/role two............................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(2)

(ii)

Explain how the heart acts as a pump in a double circulatory system.


........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(3)
(Total 5 marks)

Q5.

The pulse rate can be used to monitor the effects of exercise on the body.
(i)

Describe two places on the body where the pulse can be found.
Place 1 ...........................................................................................................
Place 2 ...........................................................................................................
(2)

(ii)

Explain why it is important to monitor and record the pulse rate when exercising or
training.
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(3)
(Total 5 marks)

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Q6.

Sporting situations may be considered to be aerobic or anaerobic.


(i)

What is meant by the term 'aerobic'?


........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(1)

(ii)

Describe a situation in which a performer would be working aerobically.


........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(2)

(iii)

What is meant by the term 'anaerobic'?


........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(1)

(iv)

Describe a situation in which a performer would be working anaerobically.


........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 6 marks)

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Q7.

The circulatory system helps the body to work efficiently. Describe the role of the blood in
the following functions.
(i)

Transport
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(2)

(ii)

Control of body temperature


........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 4 marks)

Q8.

Name two body systems involved in providing energy for movement and physical activity.
.................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................
(Total 2 marks)

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Q9.

The effective working of the breathing and respiratory system is important for all performers.
(i)

The air passages are one part of the breathing system. Name three other parts.
Part 1..............................................................................................................
Part 2..............................................................................................................
Part 3..............................................................................................................
(3)

(ii)

Describe how respiration takes place.


........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(3)
(Total 6 marks)

Q10.

(i)

What is blood pressure?

........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(ii)

How does physical activity affect blood pressure


during activity?................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
in the long term?.............................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(Total 4 marks)

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Q11.

Many factors are important in determining how successful a performer may be.
How do breathing rate, heart rate and metabolic rate affect the possibility of success in physical
activity?
(Total 7 marks)

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M1.

10 km cross country run


[1]

M2.

Energy production
[1]

M3.

(i)

Award one mark for each of the correctly named air passages

mouth

nose

pharynx

epiglottis

larynx

trachea

bronchi

bronchioles
2

(ii)

Award up to three marks for a correct answer.

award up to two marks for correctly describing it as the


oxygen being taken in / being exchanged for the carbon
dioxide which is to be breathed out

award one mark for stating that gaseous exchange occurs


in the lungs / alveoli
3

[5]

M4.

(i)
Award up to two marks for correctly stating two different functions
or roles of the blood.

transportofoxygen/carbondioxide

transport of glucose / waste products

body temperature control

protection
2

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(ii)

Award up to three marks for correctly explaining the double pump


function:

blood enters the right atrium / dark red in colour with little
oxygen

right atrium pumps blood / into the right ventricle

the right ventricle pumps through the pulmonary artery / to


the lungs

from the lungs the blood returns / to the left atrium

the left atrium pumps the blood / into the left ventricle

the left ventricle pumps the blood / into the aorta/ to the
body

Accept the above plus other suitable examples.


In order to obtain the maximum marks candidates must clearly identify
at least three of the stages identified above.
3

[5]

M5.

(i)
Award one mark for each correctly described pulse point. Note that some
might be correctly named and for others a description of their exact location
may be accepted.

Radial pulse/at the base of the thumb on the inside of the wrist

Temporal pulse/just over the temple at the side of the forehead

Carotid pulse/on either side of the neck

Femoral pulse-in the groin.


2

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(ii)

Award up to three marks for a correct explanation.


Examples:

The heart rate lets you know how quickly the blood is being pumped
around the body

This is effectively providing the energy to allow the body to exercise

There are certain zones or areas which the heart rate can be
increased to or worked in

The speed of your recovery rate is a general indicator of your


fitness levels

The quicker you are able to return your pulse to its resting rate
the fitter you are

Monitoring the rate can be used as a training indicator to make


sure you are working at the correct levels

Varying the pulse rate can be used relative to the principle of


overload

Safety aspects can be considered to ensure you are not working


at too high a level.

Accept the above plus any other suitable examples.


3

[5]

M6.

(i)
Award one mark for a correct definition. An equation is
acceptable.
Aerobicrespirationinthepresenceofoxygen
Glucose + oxygen = energy + carbon dioxide + water
1

(ii)

Award up to two marks for an accurate description. For maximum


marks reference should be made to the intensity and length of time
of the situation.
e.g. activities that need long term energy systems, such as cross
country running or long distance cycling
2

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(iii)

Award one mark for a correct definition. An equation is acceptable.


Anaerobicrespirationintheabsenceofoxygen
glucoseenergy+lacticacid
1

(iv)

Award up to two marks for an accurate description. For maximum


marks reference should be made to the intensity and length of time
of the situation.
Activities that need short term energy systems such as 100m
sprinting or weightlifting.
2

[6]

M7.

(i)

Award up to two marks for describing the transport function:

It carries glycogen/, water/, oxygen/ or nutrients throughout


the body/to the working muscle/and helps with the transport and
removal of waste/carbon dioxide/lactic acid/away from the working
muscle.
2

(ii)

Award up to two marks for describing the control of body


temperature function. The blood absorbs body heat/then carries
it to the skin and lungs/where it is released/veins dilate/to cool
you down.
2

[4]

M8.

Two systems from.


circulatory
respiratory
digestive
accept cardiovascular
[2]

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M9.

(i)
Award one mark for each correctly identified part of the breathing system
other than the air passages which were included in the question.
Examples:

trachea

alveoli

bronchioles lungs

diaphragm

mouth

nasal cavity or nose

larynx

pharynx

intercostal muscles

bronchus, bronchi.
3

(ii)

Award up to three marks for a correct description of how respiration


takes place.
Examples:

the process by which the body / takes in oxygen / and gives out
carbon dioxide

the process of the lungs / inspiring / and expiring

reference to aerobic and anaerobic respiration is also


acceptable.

Accept the above plus any other suitable examples.


3

[6]

M10.

(i)
Resistance in the cardio-vascular system (one mark) to the flow of blood
round the body (one mark).
force of the blood (one mark) passing through an artery (one mark)
accept a measure of blood flow/ease at which blood flows around the body.
a measure of the blood flow through an artery = 2 marks.
do not accept the speed at which blood travels/how fast blood travels.

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(ii)

blood pressure goes up during physical activity;

blood pressure stays low/is lowered in the long term.


[4]

M11.

When breathing rate is low the potential for success is greater

in stamina-based activities

because the body works within the aerobic (breathing) system (amplification possible for
extracmarks)

as the body utilises O2 (greater VO2 uptake)

As breathing rate gets higher and shallow it can indicate an O2 debt and

performance will be reduced.

When resting heart rate is low the potential for success is greater

in stamina-based activities

because of increased volume of blood circulating to muscles

and oxygen supply meets demand together with.

the slower the production of waste products

When heart rate gets higher as demand for O2 increases

removal of wastes (CO2 and lactic acid) is urgent/necessary

and performance will be reduced/stopped.

NB There will be facts stated which seem to contradict this line but which may be correct.

The higher the metabolic rate the greater the potential for success

in stamina-based activities

because of the quicker breakdown of food and creation of ATP

With a lower metabolic rate less energy is converted and weight is increased

Performance is reduced.
[7]

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