You are on page 1of 5

Itmenmk` XIcpIbmtWm?

^mZ sk_m-y Im
1970
(hnhmlw Ignm\m{Klnp sshZnI, At]IcnmXpsImv
]qnbntSnhcp aT, Bib]camb kwL\ ChbpsS ]men
]pXnb Ne\sfddn Hcp hnebncp.)
Itmenmk` Cv Hcp {]XnknLs A`napJoIcnbvbmWv. Cthsc
kXysapw \nXysapw I]nsp t]m ]eXpw Cp tNmZyw sNsSpp.
\qdpWn\p sshZnI sshZnIhrn Dt]np hnhmlnXcmhpp. 1963\pw 1968\panSbvv
7137 sshZnI hnhmlm\paXn tNmZnXmbn HutZymKnIambn ncoIcns Hcp dntmn
ImWpp. Ahcn 5652 t]v A\paXn e`nbpw sNbvXp. C{Xtmftam CXntesdtbm
hcpw A\phmZw hmm an\sSmsX hnhmlnXcmIph. k\ymkn\nIfpsSbpw IY CXp
Xs. IqSmsX, An\nIfnmXpsImv aTfpw sshZnIhnZymnI CmXn\m
skan\mcnIfpw ]teSpw ]qnbntSn hncnbmWv. aXIfn ]sSpphcpsS
kwJybnepw KWyamb Ipdhp hXmbn ImWmw. bqtdmnse ImcysaSpm, \KchmknIfmb
hnizmknIfn GXmp ]p iXam\ta RmbdmgvN Znhy _enbn ]sSpppffq.
Chcntem, Gdnb ]pw inipfpw hrcpw. Nnnp bphXeapd k`bpsS
ImnIPohnXn \nv AIp t]mhpIbmWv.
k`sb C`napJoIcnp hnjamhbpsS asmcp hiamWv Bib]camb
kwL\. IpSpw_mkq{XWs ]ddnbpff t]m ammbpsS Nm{InI teJ\w Hcp
tImfnfw Xs krnp hnp. Ir{Xntam]IcW sImpff P\\ \nb{Ww
A[mnIamsW HutZymKnI {]kvXmhn\p hncpamsbmcp \ne]mSmWv {^mkv, t]mfv,
P\n, Hmkv{Xnb, s_Pnbw, kvImUnt\hnb, Cwv, Iym\U Fo cmPyfnse
sa{Xmm kzoIcnXv. CmXncn Bib {[phoIcW ImWmw ss{IkvXh XXz kwlnXbpsS
ap taJeIfnepw. Cu kw`hhnImksfmw t\mnmWphp Itmenm k`msku[w
XIp \new ]Xnm t]mIp {]XoXnbmWv DmhpI. Cu ]cnh\p ]nnepff
ImcWtfhbmWv? Ahsb \msans\ hnebncpWw?- Fo {]iv\p
`mKnIamsbmcpcamWv Cu teJ\w.
aXw aX\nct] temIn
aXmflIX a\pjys hnizhoWsqSn
B{ibnncnpw.
Cu
hnizhoWnemhs Cv ASnm\]camb amdd hncnbmWv. ]sms Cu
{]]w CuizcabambnmWv a\pjy\v A\p`hsXv. Inepw Imhnepw BImitKmffnepw
{]]inIfnepsams Ah IXv tZhmscbpw tZhXIsfbpamWv. Ctm? imkv{Xhpw
kmtXnI m\hpw {]]s Cuizc_m[sbmgn X\n{]]ambn amnbncnpp.
CtXhsc Cuizcob]cnthjaWnp \n {]Xn`mk Rm ssZha, Rm ssZha
Fp ]dp KthjIs apn AWn\ncpIbmWv. ag s]pXpw CSn shpXpsams
Hfnncnp ssZhnI inIfpsS CSs]S sIm, {]]n Aeo\ambXpw
\ncoW]coWp hg- p- Xpamb inIfpsS {]h\w sImmsWp
km[mcWmpt]mepw t_m[yambnhcppv.

hfphcp Cu imkv{Xobmht_m[w km{ZmbnI aXn Dtp InSp


BibmNmcsf hnai\_pym t\mnp hnebncpphm ss{IkvXhp t{]cW
\In. Chcn Nnnphsnepw t_m[ysp, \nehnepff k{Zmbfn ]eXpw
kXyn k`mXcphn ]Sp ]nSn CnnIfmsWpw AsXmw shn\onbmte
k`bvp `mhnbpffp Fpw. hnIknph imkv{XobhoWw Cs\ k`m\hoIcWn\v
A\pIqeamb kmlNcy krnp. {]]w Cuizc_m[bn\nst]mse kaqlw
aXm[n]Xyn\npw kzX{amhpXs{X Cs kwkvIrXnbpsS thsdmcp khntijX.
CX]samp hniZoIcnt ]q. ap temIaXsftmse {InkvXpaXhpw AXntXmb Hcp
]pWytemIs Cuizc\p {]XnjvTns eImesfbpw hynIsfbpw
DsSpnbpff Hcp khntij aWvUes krnphp. Cu {]XnjvTnXtemIs
kpJZp:J Dnnb km[mcWtemIn \np thensIn thXncnp \nn, AXn\p
asmn\panm ipnbpw HuXyhpw I]nbpw sNbvXp. CtXmsSmw km[mcWtemIw
{]kvXpX ]pWytemIn\p IogvsncnWw F {]amWhpw ]cs AwKoIrXambn. Cu
{]amWssNmn k` PohnXns Hmtcm taJebntepw tIdnsv AhnsS kzw
B[n]Xyapdnp. As\ Ie, cm{obw, \oXn\ymbw, hnZym`ymkw XpSnb
kaqlPohnXns Fm XpdIfpw aXm[nImcns Iogneap. AXpt]mse, XXzNn
Cuizchnm\obXns Zmknbmbn XcwXmgvsSpIbpw sNbvXp. CtXKXntISphp
imkv{Xn\pw. ss__nfns ]Zm\pkmcnbmb hymJym\tmSp s]mcpSm imkv{Xnb
knmsfmw ]cam_ambn ]pdwXffsp. C{]Imcw PohnXns Fm taJeIsfbpw
ASn`cn Hcp aXmflIkwkvIrXn bqtdmnemsI ]Sp ]enp \np.
aXm[n]Xyw XIcpp
Cu ss{IkvXh kwkvIrXn Cp XIcpIbmWv. A, XIp Ignsp Xs
]dbmw. CXn\pchmZn kmaqlyhnhhpw hymhkmbnI hnhhpw ktm]cn imkv{Xob
]ptcmKXnbpamWv. BZyw aXm[n]Xyns ]nSnbqcntmXp cm{amWv; ]nmse a\pjy
{]bXv\ns ap taJeIfpw. Cn[w kaqlw aX\nct]ambn. (Fnepw
aXm[n]XyntXmb at\m`mhhpw k{Zmbfpw Cpw AhnShnsS \ne\npp
s Imcyw \mw adcpXv.) Cu nXnhnImkw ]ecn ]e hn[apff {]XnIcWamWp
krnXv. aXm[n]XyImes k`bpsS kphZibmbn ImWphcn AXv hn{`mnbpw
\t_m[hpw Dfhmn; ]ptcmKat\pfntem, kwXr]v X nbpw ip`m]v X n hnizmkhpw.
cmahcpsS NnmKXn GXmohgnmWv: ]ccmKXamb aXm[n]Xyw ss{IkvXhk`bpsS
kmcmwin s]X. AXv \mamhtijamIpXpsImv tbip{InkvXphns k`bvv Hcp
tImhpw hcm t]mIpn. adnmWv kXyns InSv. a\pjy{]bXv\ns hnhn[ taJeI
aXtatmbvabn \np kzmX{yw t\SnsbSpXv a\pjyhwiw {]mb]cn]mInsen
FXns\bt{X shfnsSppI. Cu {]mb]cn]mIamhs ssZhalXzns adphiw
am{XamWv. aI\v {]mb]qn hXp sImv A\v Djat DmhpI, A]Ijasm.
BIbm cm{hpw hnZym`ymkhpw apw k`bpsS \nb{Wn \nv HgnhmIpXv Fm
{]_pss{IkvXhcpw kzmKXw sNbvtX Xocq. Fncnnepw, k` euInIPohnXn \np
]nhmn bmKmZnIfn am{Xw hym]rXbmbncnWsap hcpn. \oXnbnepw
kvt\lnepw A[njvTnXamb Hcp temIs hmsSppXn Fmhcpambn klIcnm
sshZnIcpw AsshZnIcpw ISshcmWv . ]t, Cu ey{]m]v X np {Inkv X phns
ktin\nWp BymflntIm]m[nIsfbmsX shdpw euInIm[nImcs
t]mwhgnbmcpXv Fp am{Xw.
hynbpw km{ZmbnIaXhpw
kaqln\p ssIh {]mb]cn]mIhpw kzm{ibXzhpw hynPohnXnepw
{]ISambtXmsS km{ZmbnI aXns sIpdn\v DShp Xn. ]v hynbpsS aXmflI
PohnXn\v Dcppw \ne\npw \InbXv Abmp kaqltmSpw kaqlw

]pentm BibmNmctfmSpw D hnt[bXzambncpp. ss{IkvXhIpSpw_n


P\nXpsImv Hcph ss{IkvXh\mbn Pohnp, acnp. IqtmsSmntv, AXns
aqeysf kzmwioIcnv, ]mccyns Hgpnsv PohnXw t]mn. aX]mccys
sNdpph\v kaqlw {`mv I]nbpw sNbvXp. Cv Cu nXnbmsI amdnbncnpp.
hyhkmbhcWnsbpw \mKcoIcWnsbpw imkv{X ]ptcmKXnbpsSbpw I\
BLmXtap ]gb kaqlhyhnXn XIp \new ]Xnp. CtXmsS kaqlw hynIfpsS
aXmflI PohnXn sNepntm khpw \nep. Ans\ hyn aX]mccyns
\nb{Wn \np kzX{\mbn. am{Xa \nX\pw \mkvXnI\pw kapZmbn
m\apspw hp. kmaqlykw IpdtXmsS aXm\pjvTm\fn ]sSpp
hcpsS kwJybpw Ipdp, \nehmcw IqSnsbnepw. C\nta Bflmambn hnizknphtc
]ffnbn t]mIq. Ahscpw Hcp \yq\]ambncnbpw sNpw.
AkvXnXzhmZns kzm[o\w
Cu ]cnh\s XzcnXsSpnb thsdmpv: AkvXnXzhmZn\p ]Snmd
cmPyfn Innb {]Nmcw. Cu ]pXnb Xzhnm\obns ImXemb XzanXmWv:
kbv, AkvXnXzn\mWv {]mamWyw. AkvXnXzw F hmpsImampXv shdpw
Dasbb, kzbw krnm\pff Ignhns\bs{X. Xms\tbm AXmbnocm\pw FmtWm
AXmXmbn Xocm\pw Dff IgnhmWv Akv X nXzw. Atm, kzmX{ywXsbmWv
AkvXnXzsap hcpp. Cu An a\pjyp am{Xta AkvXnXzapff. Fm Fm
a\pjypa Xm\pw. ]mccys IpaSp hnizknp shdpw KXm\pKXnIcmbn PohnXw
t]mph, kzX{amb NnbneqsSbpw {]bXv\neqsSbpw kzw `mhnsb IcpnSnnp
X\nbv pXm Pw \IphmWv kXyn Akv X nXzapXv . \qX\amb Cu
NnmcoXnp aXPohnXsbpw kzm[o\nphm Ignp. X^eambn shdpw km{ZmbnI
aXns hnebnSnp, sshbnIaXmflIXbpsS \nehmcapbcpIbpw sNbvXp.
CdXnssbmw ]izmen thWw Cp Itmenmk`bn A[nImchpw
hynkzmX{yhpw Xnepff hSwhensb hnebncppI. CXn\p ]cnlmcapmIphm
A[nImcs hn\ntbmKnp coXnbn ASnm\]camb amw ht ]q. Cpw Gsdpsd
\nehnepff A[nImctI{oIcWhpw kzmX{y\ntj[hpw aad tdmam km{amPynse
`cWcoXnbn \np k`bntep kw{IanXmWv, {InkvXphns kphntijn \nv
DcpncnX. AXp a\pjys ss\kKnIamb aXmflI{]hWXIsf Cuizcob
{]tNmZ\sf t]mepw Nne ]m]cyfpsS CSpnb Nqn HXpn \nm {ianpp.
ssZhcmPyns t]cn a\pjys auenImhImisf t]mepw kmaqlyhpw kmnIhpamb
m]nXXmXv]cyp apn _enbnm aSnnn A[nImcnhw. Fm ss__nfpw
BZna k`bpw A[nImcs thsdmcp hn[nemWv hn`mh\w sNbvXXv. ChnsS A[nImcw
tkh\ns Hcp hIt`Zw am{XamWv. Cuizc\ntepbcm shp a\pjymflmhn\v
NndIphncnp sImSppIbmWv bYmamb kzmX{ys hfnsbSppIbmWv
A[nImcns GI eyw. Cu kXyw Ign hnm Iukn ]teSpw
Dundnpv. CXns ^eambn kzmKXmlamb ]e amfpw hnpsnepw ]e
{]mtZinI k`Ifnepw ]s B coXn Cpw XpScpIbmWv.
Ncn{Xt_m[hpw \hoIcWhpw
AkvXnXzhmZn \np {]tNmZ\apsm ss{IkvXh NnI
eIme\nct]amb kIfpsSbpw Ahsb Bhnjv I cnp BibfpsSbpw
CShnXm\n \nv PohnXns Xentendn hp. PohnXamIs kmcmwin
Ncn{X]camWv, ]cnWmamflIamWv. AXn\p XpShpw HSphpapv; hfbpw Xfbpapv.
]cn]pn{]m]n Ncn{Xt_m[w k`mNcn{Xs \njvIjnp]Tnm {]kvXpX NnIsc
t{]cnnp. Atmfhp t_m[ysp, Cp tIheaqeyfmbn {]Xnjv T t\Snb ]e
Bibm\pjvT\pw Ign Imefnse ]cnXnXnIfn am{Xta km[pXbpffq Fv.

aphnhcn A[nImc tI{oIcWs IqSmsX CXn\p thsdbpw DZmlcWfpv :


sa{XamcpsS Cs cmPIobmUw_c ]s cmPmamcpsSbpw \mSphmgnIfpsSbpw
PohnXcoXnbn \nv t\cnv ]InbXmWv. Cp sshZnI [cnp Ipmbw ]s
tdma
]ucs
tXmK(toga)bmsX
asmpa.
bh\XXzNnbpsSbpw
tdma\nbaimkv{Xnsbpw aqibn hmsSpXmWv k`bn Cpw \nehnepff
ss\XnIimkv{Xhpw Imt\m \nbahpw.
{_Ncyw \n_tam?
Cu ]nIbn s]Spw sshZnIcpsS hnhmls hnep eo k`bnse \nbaw.
khntijamb Hcp Cuizcobmlzm\n\v a\pjy \Ip adp]SnsbtmWw
kzX{Xocpam\n \np cq]w sImffp {_Ncys ss__n ]pIgvndbppv.
Fm sshZnIcpsS \n_nX {_Ncyn\v Dt]m_eIambn ss__nfntem
BZnak`bpsS Ncn{Xntem sXfnshmpan. AXns \mcmbthcp InSpXv PUsbpw
ssewKnI PohnXsbpw A[xIcnp ImpIbpw Baqamb BymflnIXsb hmt\mfw
]pIgvpIbpw sNbvX hnm\hmZnepw B{ia {]m\nepamWv. Fncnnepw
]{mw \qmn \n_nX {_Ncys Hcp \nbaambn {]Jy]nm eok`sb
t{]cnnXv ]nhI kzv A\ym[o\ambn t]mIcpXv F A{X BymflnIam XnIpw
`uXnIamb DtiyamWv FpIqSn \mtamWw.
C{]Imcw Ncn{XneqsSbpff {]bmWn aad kwkvImcfn \np k`
GphmnbXpw Cs temIhpambn th{X s]mcpsSmXpamb k{Zmb
A\h[nbmWv . Chsbms ssZhntepff t\hgnbn a\pjy hennSp
hnepXSnIft? ]gabpsS ss]XrIs IpaSv ]qhnp ]qPnpXv \mkvXnIXzns
Hcp hIt`Zat? CeIfpsS Xmhf \Ip kpcnXXzs ssIsbmgnv, Cuizcob
hmKvZm\n am{Xw hnizmkanv, A]ISw \nd `mhnbntev IpXnpIbt k`bpsS
ISa? CmXncn {]iv\sf hkvXp\njvTambn ]Tnv ]cnlmc\ntiw \Im k`m[nImcnI
th{X kX ImWnmXnepff \ncmibmhmw Nnnp bphXeapdsb
aXhntZzjntepw \mkvXnIXbntepw XnhnSpXv.
kXymt\zjWw
Itmenmk`sb ]cnht\mpJamnb asmcp kmaqly {]{InbbmWv
kmamPoIcWw. Cu hmpsImampXv CtXhsc AIp \nncp P\hn`mKfpw
kwkvImcfpw Xn hnphcp ksbpw ]ckv]cm{ibXzsbpamWv. Hcp
aXn\pw Cv ASp ]qnb Hcp kzImcytemIn PohnpI kmya. Cu nXnhntijw
ap ss{IkvXhcpambpw aXfpambpw kwhmZntesSm hnizmknIv Ahkcw krnp
sImSppp. auenIamb Poh{]iv\sf ap aXmcpsS ImgvNmSneqsS t\mnmWm
IgntXmsS k`bn kXyns IpIat\m`mhw Ipdp. Bflhnai\{]hWX
IqSpIbpw sNbvXp. ImelcWspt]mb aqeysf Xm\pw apaXfn \np kXyns
Awisf sImffm\papff kX ss{IkvXhssZhhnm\n\v ]pXnsbmcp Poh {]Zm\w
sNbvXp.
ap aXmtcmSv Ft]mse \mkvXnItcmSpw Xpd at\m`mhhpw Bflmamb
kulrZhpw ImWntXmsW t_m[w Cp ss{IkvXhcpsS CSbn {]_esp hcppv.
CXn\p {][m\ ImcWw, \oXnpthnbpff t]mcmn, \oXnbpsS AhImi ]cn[nbn
\npsImv, \mkvXnIcpambn klIcnmsap ]TnnpIbpw IyqWnpIfpambn kwhmZw
DLmS\w sNpIbpw sNbv X tPm ammbpsS [ocamb \ne]mSmWv . Cp
]mmXycmPyfn ]ebnSpw BkvXnIcpw \mkvXnIcpw Hsmcpanp NI \SpIbpw
]e aWvUefnepw klIcnp {]hnpIbpw sNppv. CXns ^eambnmImw Iyq
WnpImcpsS CSbn t]mepw ss{IkvXhtcmSv CtXhsc ImWnp t]m kacat\m`mhn\v
Abhp hnpffXv.

Itmencpw IayqWnkhpw
kvs]bn\nse IyqWnp t\Xmhmb kmnbmsKm Icnsm 1963 sNbvX Hcp
{]kvXmh\ ChnsS {itbamWv:
NqjWs \nm\w sNm Acnhmfpw NpnIbpambn R aptdptm,
Ipcnipambn hhcpw, ]nmse hm Ahpw R kzKXamiwknpp.
Hcn ]SnIqSn ISv, aXhnizmknIfpambn klIcnt ]ddq Fphsc hmZnp Hcp IyqWnp
NnI\mWv {^mknse tdmP KtcmUn (Ctls CubnsS ]mnbn \np
]pdmnsbp dntmp Ip.) AtlsagpXn:
aXhnizmknIsf FXntm ]pdw Xffntbm a\pjys `mhnsb Icp]nSnnm km[nn
FXv Cu bpKnse A\ntj[y kXyfnsemmWv. AXpt]mse IyqWnpIsf
FXntm ]pdwXffntbm a\pjy`mhnsb kzcq]nmsav IcpXpXpw anYybmWv.
Cu A`n{]mbs icnshbvm aptmphcpw Fm {]_p ss{IkvXhcpw. \mkvXnImkvXnI
Xnepmbnhcp Cu [mcWbpw klIcWkXbpw \mfs am\h kwkvImcns
\smbn Xocpsav Binm hIbpv.
CdXn \nsmw Hcp kXyw DudnsXfnbpp: Itmenmk`bnse Cs
kwLjfpw Bib {[phoIcWfpw AXns Ana \mins \mnsbb,
]pXfnntepff
Imshns\bt{X IpdnpXv. kphntijns
BcssNX\ytmSpw B[p\nIXbpsS AhImitfmSpw ]qtm]cn s]mcps Hcp
ss{IkvXhX DSseSppXns t]pt\mhmbn thWw Ahsb hymJym\npI.
(amXr-`qan BgvN--Xn-v, 1970 BKv 30)