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OptiX RTN 905 Radio Transmission System

V100R006

IDU Quick Installation Guide (Indoor)

Issue: 02
Date: 2013-10-15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and
the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be
within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements,
information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees
or representations of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address:

Huawei Industrial Base


Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website:

http://www.huawei.com

Email:

support@huawei.com

Installation Process
Start

Before You Start

Page 2

Precautions

Page 3

Precautions for
Handling
Power Cables

Page 4

Precautions for
Handling RTN 905 1A
IF Jumpers and IF
Cables

Page 5

Precautions for Handling


the RTN 905 2A Toggle
Lever Switch

Page 6

Precautions for
Handling RTN 905 2A
IF Jumpers

Page 6

Precautions for
Handling RTN 905 2A
IF Cables

Page 7
Pages
10 to 11

Pages
11 to 12

Wall Mounting
the Chassis

Page 14

Desk Mounting
the Chassis

Page 20

Installing E1 Cables

Pages
21 to 22

Installing Fibers

Page 22

Installing Ethernet
Service Cables

Pages
23 to 25

Installing IF Cables

Page 65

Installing 1+1/TDM
Cascade Cables and
XPIC Cables

Page 27

Installing NMS Cables

Page 28

Preparing and
Installing External
Alarm Cables

Page 29

Preparing and
Installing Synchronous
Data Cables

Introduction to the
IDU 905 Equipment

Installing the Chassis


in an ETSI Cabinet

Pages
12 to 13

Installing Power
Cables

Installation Tools

Installing the Chassis


in a 19-Inch Cabinet
Page 8-9

Pages
19 to 20

Pages
10 to 14

Installing the IDU 905

Pages
14 to 15

Optional: Installing the


E1 Panel

Pages
16 to 18

Optional: Installing
Adapter Brackets for
IF Jumpers

Page 30

Preparing and
Installing External
Clock Cables

Pages
19 to 31

Installing IDU Cables

Page 31

Cable Layout

Page 38

Checking the
Installation

End

Commissioning Process

Start

Page 32

Powering On the
Equipment

Page 33

Configuring NE Data
(Using the USB Flash
Drive)

Page 34

Configuring NE Data
(Using the Web LCT)

Page 34

Configuring NE Data
(Using the Hand-Held
Tool)

Pages
35 to 36

Page 37

Pages
35 to 36

Aligning SinglePolarized Antennas

Pages 36
to 37

Aligning DualPolarized Antennas

Aligning Antennas

Checking the Status of


Radio Links

End

Precautions

This document provides guidelines for quick hardware installation.


This document does not describe assembly of equipment prior to delivery; it only describes procedures
for onsite installation.

Electrostatic Discharge
To prevent damage to sensitive components caused by electrostatic discharge, wear ESD gloves or an
ESD wrist strap when handling the equipment, boards, or IC chips. Ensure that the ESD wrist strap is
properly grounded.
OptiX RTN 905

ESD

Binding Cables
Bind fibers or cables inside a cabinet at intervals of not more than 250 mm and user cables at intervals of
not more than 200 mm.
Bind fibers, cables, or corrugated pipes outside a cabinet at intervals equal to the distance between two
horizontal beams. If the cable trough does not have any beams, the intervals should not exceed 250 mm.

Pre-installation Check
Before beginning the installation, check the equipment room, cabinet, power supply, ground cables,
fibers, and associated facilities to confirm that all preparations are complete.

Precautions for Handling Power Cables

Prior to installing power cables on the RTN 905, confirm that the following conditions are met.
1

The power cables are connected correctly to the positive and negative terminals of the power supply device.
If a power cable is connected to the positive terminal of the RTN 905 and the negative terminal of the
power supply device, there will be a short circuit that damages the power cable and devices. To prevent
short circuits, install a circuit breaker on each negative terminal of the power supply device. The
recommended fuse capacity is 10 A.

The positive terminals of the power supply device connected to the RTN 905 are grounded. If terminals are
not properly grounded, the devices may be damaged.

OptiX RTN 905

ESD

NEGA RTNA NEGB RTNB


(-)
(+)
(-)
(+)

DC power port

PSU
A1(+)

1
A2(-)

SW
...

2
B1(+)

PGND
B2(-)

SW
...

Precautions for Handling RTN 905 1A IF Jumpers and IF Cables

Power off the RTN 905 1A before you remove or connect an IF jumper on the IDU.
Do not remove or connect any IF jumper while the RTN 905 1A is powered on.

Power off the RTN 905 1A before you remove or connect an IF cable on the ODU.
Do not remove or connect any IF cable while the RTN 905 1A is powered on.

OptiX RTN 905

LINK1

STAT

PWRA
NEGA RTNA NEGB RTNB
(-) (+) (-) (+)

L/A5

NMS/COM CLK/TOD/MON

GE1

GE3

EXT/S1 ALMI/ALMO

GE2

GE4

L/A6

SRV
ODU
!

USB

WARNING

-48V OUTPUT
TURN OFF POWER BEFORE
DISCONNECTING IF CABLE

-48V -60V

Precautions for Handling the RTN 905 2A Toggle Lever Switch

Position and Description of the Toggle Lever Switch

O: OFF

You must first pull out the toggle lever switch


before turning it.

I: ON

OptiX RTN 905

NEGA
(-)

RTNA NEGB
(+)
(-)

RTNB
(+)

LINK1
ACT1
LINK2

ODU-1

ODU-2

STAT
SRV
PWRA
PWRB

ON

ON

OFF

PULL

OFF

PULL

L/A5
NMS/COM CLK/TOD/MON
L/A6
USB

GE1

GE3
GE5

GE6

TDMA

2A

TDMB

ACT2
1

16
ESD

-48V

-60V

EXT/S1

ALMI/ALMO

GE2

GE4

OUT IN

OUT IN

Turning on the switch


1

1 Pull the switch out gently.

2 Turn the switch.

Release the switch.

Turning off the switch

Pull the switch out gently.

Turn the switch.

Release the switch.

Precautions for Handling RTN 905 2A IF Jumpers

Do not remove or install an IF jumper connected to


the ODU while the ODU is powered on.

Power off the ODU before you remove or install an


IF jumper connected to the ODU.

2
2

Power off the ODU.

Install or remove an IF fiber connected to the ODU.

Precautions for Handling RTN 905 2A IF Cables

Do not remove or install an IF cable connected to


the ODU while the ODU is powered on.

Power off the ODU before you remove or


install an IF cable connected to the ODU.

2
11

Power off the ODU.

Install or remove an IF cable connected to the ODU.

Installation Tools

Measuring tape

Level

Phillips screwdriver

Flat-head screwdriver

Ladder

Adjustable wrench

Bayonet wrench

Socket wrench

Torque wrench

Hex key

Combination pliers

Needle-nose pliers

Diagonal pliers

Wire clippers

Claw hammer

Utility knife

File

Multimeter

Waterproof
insulation tape

PVC tape

Pulley

Lifting sling

Compass

ESD gloves

Marker

Introduction to the IDU 905 Equipment

1 Ports
a

Ports on the IDU 905 1A


3

1
OptiX RTN 905

NEGA
(-)

RTNA NEGB
(+)
(-)

RTNB
(+)

5
LINK

STAT
SRV
PWRA
PWRB

11

13

L/A5
NMS/COM CLK/TOD/MON GE1
L/A6
USB

15

14

16

17

GE3
GE5

GE6

TDMA

TDMB
E1(116)

1A

ESD
-48V

USB

-60V

EXT/S1

ALMI/ALMO

GE2

GE4

OUT IN

OUT IN

10 12

Ground screw

IF port to the ODU

Status indicators of
the GE/FE service
ports (SFP modules)

10

NE cascading
port/Asynchronous data port

13

FE/GE service electrical


ports (RJ-45 connectors)

16

16xE1 ports

DC power socket (Caution!


See "Precautions for
Handling Power Cables.")

Radio link status


indicator

USB port status


indicator

11

Clock port (CLK)/High-precision


time port (TOD)/Outdoor cabinet
monitoring port (MON)

14

GE/FE service ports


(SFP modules)

17

Port for the ESD wrist


strap

NE status indicator

USB port

NMS port/NMS
serial port

12

Alarm input/output port

15

TDM service
concatenation ports

Ports on the IDU 905 2A


3

10

11

12

14

15

16

17

18

13

Ground screw

ODU power switch

USB port

10

NMS port/NMS serial port

13

Alarm input/output port

16

TDM service
concatenation ports

DC power socket (Caution!


See "Precautions for
Handling Power Cables.")

IF port to the ODU

Status indicators of
the GE/FE service
ports (SFP modules)

11

NE cascading
port/Asynchronous data port

14

FE/GE service electrical


ports (RJ-45 connectors)

17

16xE1 ports

NE status indicator

Radio link status


indicator

USB port status


indicator

12

Clock port (CLK)/High-precision


time port (TOD)/Outdoor cabinet
monitoring port (MON)

15

18

Port for the ESD wrist


strap

GE/FE service ports


(SFP modules)

Introduction to the IDU 905 Equipment

1 Ports
c

Ports on the IDU 905 1C


1

11

13

14

15

16 17

19

18

12
10

Ground screw

IF port to the ODU /


XPIC input/output
ports

Status indicators of
the GE/FE service
ports (SFP modules)

10

NE cascading
port/Asynchronous data port

13

FE/GE service electrical


ports (RJ-45 connectors)

DC power socket (Caution!


See "Precautions for
Handling Power Cables.")

Radio link status


indicator

USB port status


indicator

11

Clock port (CLK)/High-precision


time port (TOD)/Outdoor cabinet
monitoring port (MON)

14

GE/FE service ports


(SFP modules)

NE status indicator

USB port

NMS port/NMS
serial port

12

Alarm input/output port

15

STM-1 service ports

16

1+1 / TDM service


concatenation ports

17

TDM service
concatenation ports

18

16xE1 ports

19

Port for the ESD wrist


strap

Installing the IDU 905

1 Installing the Chassis in a 19-Inch Cabinet

Fix the floating nuts.

Floating nut

Mounting hole

When you fix the floating nuts, ensure a space of at least 25 mm for heat dissipation
on the left and right sides of the IDU 905.

Remove the ground screw.

Keep the ground screw for installing the protection ground (PGND) cable.

10

Install the chassis in the cabinet.

Install the PGND cable.

To a ground point on the cabinet column or to the


indoor ground bar

M4

Secure the PGND cable with the


ground screw.

M6
1.40.14 NM

2.00.2 NM

2 Installing the Chassis in an ETSI Cabinet


a

Fix the floating nuts.

Install the mounting ears.

Before installing the chassis in an ETSI cabinet, adjust


the holes for installing mounting ears based on the type
of cabinet.

Floating nut

Mounting ear

Mounting hole
M6

Mounting ear
When you fix the floating nuts, ensure a space of at
least 25 mm for heat dissipation on the left and right
sides of the IDU 905.

3.00.3 NM

11

Install the chassis in the cabinet.

Install the PGND cable.

To a ground point on the cabinet column or to the


indoor ground bar

M4

Secure the PGND cable with the


ground screw.

M6

1.40.14 NM
2.00.2 NM

3 Wall Mounting the Chassis


a

Remove the mounting ears.

Install the mounting ears.

Rotate the mounting ears 90 degrees and install them as


shown in this figure.

12

Drill holes in the wall.


Hold the chassis against the wall and mark the drilling positions. Drill holes and insert bolts into the holes. Ensure a
space of at least 50 mm for heat dissipation above and below the IDU.

300 mm
8

Drill 8 holes 52 to
60 mm deep.

Drilling positions

Wall-mount the chassis.

Install the PGND cable.

Fans dissipate
heat above
the chassis.

Large flat
washer
PGND cable
M4

Nut

1.40.14 NM

Small flat
washer

M6x60 expansion
bolt

Secure the PGND cable with the ground screw.

13

4 Desk Mounting the Chassis


a

Install the base plates.

Remove the mounting ears and install the base plates.

Install the PGND cable.

Secure the PGND cable with the ground screw.

M4

PGND cable
1.40.14 NM

Base plate

Do not place any objects that may impede heat


dissipation next to the chassis.

Optional: Installing the E1 Panel

1 Fix the floating nuts.


Floating nut

Mounting hole

14

2 Secure the E1 Panel.

3 Install the PGND cable for the E1 panel.


To a ground point on the cabinet
column or to the indoor ground bar

15

Optional: Installing Adapter Brackets for IF Jumpers

1 Install IF connectors.

Install 12 IF connectors.

Install two IF connectors.

The 2-channel IF adapter bracket can be used when the chassis is wall mounted, but cannot
be used when the chassis is installed in a 19-inch cabinet or an ETSI cabinet.

16

2 Install IF jumper adapter brackets.

Install an IF jumper adapter bracket in a 19-inch cabinet.

Install the mounting ears.

Install the adapter bracket in the cabinet.

Install an IF jumper adapter bracket in an ETSI cabinet.

Install the mounting ears.

Install the adapter bracket in the cabinet.

17

Install an IF jumper adapter bracket on the wall.


Complete the following steps to install a 12-channel IF jumper adapter bracket.

Install the mounting ears.

Install the adapter bracket on the wall.


Method 1

Method 2
M6x60 expansion bolt

Tapping screw
Nut Small flat washer

Large flat washer

Install a 2-channel IF adapter bracket in a similar manner.

18

Installing IDU Cables

1 Install power cables.


1

See appendix "Connecting Cables to a Power Cable Connector."

M2

0.220.03 NM

Insert the power cables into the DC connector based on the pin
assignment. You do not need to prepare the power cables on
site if they were prepared before delivery.

After fastening a cable, check whether the cable core is exposed outside the power cable connector terminal. If the
cable core is exposed, re-route the cable into the power cable connector. If the cable core is still exposed after you reroute the cable, peel the cable again.
If the AC power box (ETP 4830) is used, the IDU needs to use the BGND power cable and -48 V power cable that are
delivered with the AC power box. For details on the AC power box and its cables, see the IDU hardware description.

Check the fuse capacity of the external


power supply.

Check the voltage and polarity of the


external power supply.

Rated Voltage of Input


Power

Recommended Fuse Capacity

Allowable Voltage Range

48 V

38.4 V to 57.6 V

60 V

48 V to 72 V

10 A

The recommended fuse capacity of 10 A is sufficient even at the maximum power consumption level. Users
can calculate fuse capacity by applying this formula: Fuse capacity (Total power consumption x
1.5)/(Rated voltage of input power x 87.5%).
RTN(+)

3
2
OUTPUT

NEG(-)

ON

3
2
OUTPUT

ON
RTN1(+) RTN2(+) NEG1(-) NEG2(-)

OFF

INPUT
32A

32A

20A

OFF
32A

20A

19

32A

20A

20A

Confirm that the circuit breaker of the PDU is switched to the off position. Insert the DC connector into the
power port on the chassis. Confirm that the two groups of power cables are connected to different power
modules. Secure the DC connector with bolts.

M2.5

0.4-0.5 NM

CAUTION
If an external power box is used, cut off the input of the power box
before you connect power cables.

2 Install E1 cables.
a

Optional: Install E1 cables


connected to another device.

M2.5
)
16
(1~
E1

0.40.03 NM

To another device

For information about the wire sequence of E1 cables, see


the pin assignment information delivered with these E1
cables or the cable section in the Hardware Description.
When assembling the DDF-side connector for a 1.6 mm
diameter E1 cable, use a type 75-1-1 connector and a pair
of 2.5 mm or 1.7 mm crimping pliers.

20

Optional: Install E1 cables


connected to an E1 panel.

3 Install fibers.
a

Precautions

Always wear protective glasses or goggles when you look directly at an optical port. (Figure 1)
Coil fibers from other sites on the ODF and connect them to the local cabinet. Do not coil the fibers from
other equipment rooms inside the local cabinet.

Avoid damage to fiber connectors when you lay fibers.


After fibers are installed, insert dustproof caps into unused optical ports and plug fiber caps on unused
fibers. (Figure 2)

Figure 1

Figure 2
Short-jacketed fiber

Fiber cap

Dustproof cap
Swappable optical module

Tape over the cuts of a closed corrugated pipe before threading fibers through it. Tape over the cuts of an open
corrugated pipe after threading fibers through it.
After you thread fibers through a corrugated pipe, wrap tape around the cut of the pipe (Figure 3).
Do not thread too many fibers through one pipe. If 2 mm-diameter fibers are used, threading no more than 60
fibers through an open corrugated pipe and no more than 20 fibers through a closed corrugated pipe is
recommended. The pipe section secured inside a cabinet should be about 10 cm in length (Figure 4).

Figure 3

Figure 4

10 cm

21

Install fibers.

IN
OUT

GE6
GE5

4 Install Ethernet service cables.

Install Ethernet service cables.

To an Ethernet device

GE1

GE3

Ethernet ports on the RTN 905 support the MDI/MDI-X adaptation function. Either crossover or straightthrough network cables can be used to connect the Ethernet ports. Straight-through cables are
recommended.

22

5 Install IF cables.

Install IF jumpers.

OFF
OFF

N type (5/8"), 0.8 to 1.1 N/M

For the RTN 905 1A, power off the IDU before you install IF jumpers.
For the RTN 905 2A, power off the ODU before you install IF jumpers.
If RG-8U or 1/2-inch IF cables are used, use IF jumpers to connect IF cables and the IDU. If 5D IF cables are
used, connect IF cables directly to the IDU.

Optional: Connect IF jumpers and IF cables.

IF cable
IF jumper

Test the connectivity of the IF cable when you connect a cable to an IF jumper.
For the RTN 905 2A, connect an IF jumper and an IF cable based on engineering design documents and
the network plan.

23

Optional: Use an adapter bracket to connect IF jumpers and IF cables.

The figure below shows how an adapter bracket is used in a 19-inch cabinet.

IF cable

IF jumper

The figure below shows how an adapter bracket is used in an ETSI cabinet.

24

The figures below show how an adapter bracket is used for a wall-mounted IDU 905.
When a 12-channel adapter bracket is used

When a 2-channel adapter bracket is used

25

6 Installing 1+1/TDM Cascade Cables and XPIC Cables


Installing 1+1/TDM cascade cables
1+1/TDMA

RTN 905 1C

RTN 905 1C

TDMB

RTN 905 1C

Installing XPIC cables


X-IN

X-OUT
1+1/TDMA

RTN 905 1C

RTN 905 1C

1+1/TDMA
X-IN

X-OUT

Note
The X-IN port on an RTN 905 1C must be connected to the X-OUT port on another RTN 905 1C.

Caution
If the XPIC function is disabled on an RTN 905 1C, do not use an XPIC cable to connect the X-IN and X-OUT
ports on the RTN 905 1C. Otherwise, the RTN 905 1C performance will be affected.

26

7 Installing NMS Cables

Install an NMS cable on a gateway NE.

NMS

NMS/COM

Install NMS cables on multiple NEs at one site.

NMS
NMS/COM
OptiX RTN 905

NEGA
(-)

RTNA NEGB
(+)
(-)

RTNB
(+)

ODU-1

ODU-2

STAT
SRV
PWRA
PWRB

ON

ON

OFF

OFF

PULL

PULL

LINK1
ACT1
LINK2

L/A5
NMS/COM CLK/TOD/MON
L/A6
USB

GE1

GE3
GE5

GE6

TDMA

2A

TDMB

ACT2
1

16
ESD

-48V

-60V

EXT/S1

ALMI/ALMO

GE2

GE4

OUT IN

OUT IN

EXT/S1
OptiX RTN 905

NEGA
(-)

RTNA NEGB
(+)
(-)

RTNB
(+)

ODU-1

ODU-2

STAT
SRV
PWRA
PWRB

ON

ON

OFF

OFF

PULL

PULL

LINK1
ACT1
LINK2

ETH

L/A5
NMS/COM CLK/TOD/MON
L/A6
USB

GE1

GE3
GE5

GE6

TDMA

2A

TDMB

ACT2
1

16
ESD

-48V

-60V

OptiX RTN 905

NEGA
(-)

RTNA NEGB
(+)
(-)

RTNB
(+)

EXT/S1

ODU-1

ODU-2

STAT
SRV
PWRA
PWRB

ON
PULL

ON

OFF
PULL

OFF

LINK1
ACT1
LINK2

ALMI/ALMO

L/A5
NMS/COM CLK/TOD/MON
L/A6
USB

GE2

GE4

GE1

GE3

OUT IN

GE5

OUT IN

GE6

TDMA

2A

TDMB

ACT2
1

16
ESD

-48V

-60V

EXT/S1

ALMI/ALMO

GE2

GE4

OUT IN

OUT IN

Assemble crossover network cables or straight-through network cables on site.


Avoid forming any loops when installing network cables.
Use NMS cascading cables only for NEs that do not communicate service data.

27

8 Preparing and Installing External Alarm Cables

Make an external alarm cable based on pin assignments.

Pin Assignments for External Alarm Cables

mm
16

Pin

Color

Relationship

White/Orange

Orange

Ground of first alarm


signal input

White/Green

Second alarm
signal input

Green

Blue

Twisted pair

Pin 8
Pin 1

Twisted pair

Function
First alarm signal input

Ground of second alarm


signal input
Third alarm signal input
Twisted pair

White/Blue

Ground of third alarm


signal input

White/Brown

Positive of first alarm


signal output

Twisted pair
Pin 8

Brown

Pin 1

Install an external alarm cable.

ALMI/ALMO

28

Negative of first alarm


signal output

9 Preparing and Installing Asynchronous Data Cables

Make an asynchronous data cable according to the pin assignment.

mm
16

Pin 8

Pin 8
Pin 1

Pin 1

Pin assignments for Asynchronous Data Cables


Pin

Color

White/Orange

Orange

Negative for transmitting data by the NMS


cascading port

White/Green

Positive for receiving data by the NMS


cascading port

Green

Negative for receiving data by the NMS


cascading port

Blue

Ground for the 19.2 kbit/s asynchronous


data port

Relationship

Positive for transmitting data by the NMS


cascading port
Twisted pair

Twisted pair

Twisted pair
5

White/Blue

White/Brown

Receiving data by the 19.2 kbit/s


asynchronous data port
Reserved
Twisted pair

Function

Transmitting data by the 19.2 kbit/s


asynchronous data port

Brown

Install asynchronous data cables on the RTN 905.

To a
asynchronous
data
communication
device

EXT/S1

29

10 Preparing and Installing External Clock Cables

Make an external clock cable based on pin assignments.


mm
16

Pin 8

Pin 1

Pin 8
Pin 1
Pin assignments for External Clock Cables

Pin

Color

Relationship

White/
Orange

Twisted pair

External Clock

External Time Input


(1PPS+Time Information)

External Time Output


(1PPS+Time Information)

External Time Input


(DCLS)

External Time Output


(DCLS)

Negative for receiving


external clock signals
Reserved

Orange

Positive for receiving


external clock signals

White/
Green

Reserved

Negative for 1PPS signal


input (RS422 level)

Negative for 1PPS signal


input (RS422 level)

Negative for DCLS


signal input (RS422
level)

Negative for DCLS signal


output (RS422 level)

Positive for 1PPS signal


RS422 input/output

Positive for DCLS signal


RS422 input/output

Positive for DCLS signal


input (RS422 level)

Positive for DCLS signal


output (RS422 level)

Twisted pair
6

Green

Reserved

Blue

Negative for
transmitting external
clock signals

White/Blue

Positive for transmitting


external clock signals

White/Brown

Reserved

Negative for time signal


input (RS422 level)

Brown

Reserved

Positive for time signal


RS422 input/output

Twisted pair

Ground

Twisted pair

Install external clock cables.

CLK/TOD/MON

30

Negative for time signal


output (RS422 level)
Positive for time signal output
(RS422 level)

Reserved

11 Cable Layout
a

Cable connections

OptiX RTN 905

LINK1

STAT

NMS/COM CLK/TOD/MON

10
GE1

GE3

HUAWEI

L/A6

SRV
PWRA
NEGA RTNA NEGB RTNB
(-) (+) (-) (+)

L/A5

USB

ODU
!

GE5

GE6

OUT IN

OUT IN

TDMA

1A

TDMB

WARNING

16

-48V OUTPUT

TURN OFF POWER BEFORE


DISCONNECTING IF CABLE

-48V -60V

EXT/S1 ALMI/ALMO

GE2

GE4

9
8

11

PGND cable

NMS cable

External alarm cable

10

TDM service
concatenation cables

Power cables

Asynchronous data cable

Ethernet service cables

11

E1 cables

IF jumper

External clock cable

Ethernet service fibers

Cable Layout

31

Powering On the Equipment

Before powering on the equipment, ensure that


The installation of the ODU, IF jumpers, and IF cables is complete.
You are familiar with the precautions for handling power cables.
The ODU power switches on the IDU of the RTN 905 2A are turned off.

STAT
SRV
PWRA
PWRB

Under normal conditions, STAT, PWRA, and PWRB indicators are on (green). For description of indicator
states, see the RTN 905 IDU Hardware Description.

32

Configuring NE Data (Using the USB Flash Drive)

Insert a USB flash drive.

USB port status indicator

Normally, after data is loaded from the USB flash drive to the OptiX RTN 905, the USB port status indicator should be
on (green).

The USB flash drive loads software, system parameters, and scripts for commissioning a newly deployed site.
For the functions, working principles, and types of USB flash drives supported, see the RTN 905 IDU
Hardware Description.
For a description of the indicators on the USB flash drive, see the RTN 905 Commissioning Guide.

33

Configuring NE Data (Using the Web LCT)


Connect the NMS/COM port to the PC
where the Web LCT is running.

NMS

NMS/COM

You can use the Web LCT to configure NE data, including basic NE data, IF/ODU information for the radio links,
and parameters for IF and ODU ports.

Configuring NE Data (Using the Hand-Held Tool)

Connect the NMS/COM port to a hand-held tool.

Hand-held tool

NMS/COM

You can use the hand-held tool to configure NE data, including basic NE data, IF/ODU information for the
radio link, parameters for IF and ODU ports, and DCN parameters.

34

Aligning Antennas

1 Aligning Single-Polarized Antennas


Use the installation positions and heights of local and remote antennas to determine their azimuths. Adjust
the pitch angles of the antennas to the horizontal position.
Connect a multimeter to the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) port on the ODU at the local end and
measure the voltage value VBNC.

The red line of the multimeter is connected to the core of the RSSI port, and the black line is connected to the
ground pin.

Elevation adjustment screw

Level adjustment screw

Secure the remote antenna and loosen/tighten the level adjustment screw to turn antenna widely in the
horizontal direction.

If three signal peaks are tracked, adjust the azimuth of the antenna until the received signal level (RSL)
reaches the peak value at position 2.

If two signal peaks are tracked, adjust the azimuth of the antenna until the RSL reaches the middle of
positions 4 and 5. Then, adjust the pitch angle of the antenna using the elevation adjustment screw until
the three signal peaks on the line AA' appear. Finally, adjust the azimuth of the antenna until the RSL
reaches the peak value at position 2.

If one signal peak is tracked, adjust the azimuth of the antenna until the RSL reaches the middle of
positions 6 and 7. Then, adjust the pitch angle of the antenna using the elevation adjustment screw until
the three signal peaks on the line AA' appear. Finally, adjust the azimuth of the antenna until the RSL
reaches the peak value at position 2.

35

Front view of the tracking lines at different

elevation angles for the antenna

RSL values of each line

6 7

C
B
A

C'
5

4
1

B'
3

A'

C'

C
5

B'

B
2
1
A

3
A'

Loosen/Tighten the elevation adjustment screw to turn the local antenna vertically. Adjust the pitch angle
until the RSL reaches the peak within the tracked range.
Repeat Steps 3 to 4 to ensure that three signal peaks are tracked both horizontally and vertically. When
the local RSL reaches the maximum peak value, secure the local antenna.
Adjust the remote antenna to ensure that the RSL at the local end and the RSL at the remote end reach
the peak value. Check that the ODU indicator on the IF board is off. If the ODU indicator on the IF board is
yellow and blinks every 300 ms, continue aligning the antennas.
Tighten all the screws on the antennas after the alignment is completed.

2 Aligning Dual-Polarized Antennas


If an OMT is used to connect the ODUs to the antenna in direct mount mode, the alignment procedure for these
antennas is the same as that for single-polarized antennas. If soft waveguides are used to connect the ODUs to
the antenna in separate mount mode, follow the procedure below to align the antennas.

Power off the vertically-polarized ODUs and power


on the horizontally-polarized ODUs at both ends of
a radio link. This ensures that the antennas at both
ends transmit horizontally polarized signals.
Adjust the azimuth and pitch angle of the antennas
at both ends by referring to the description in
"Aligning Single-Polarized Antennas." Ensure that
the main lobes of the horizontally-polarized signals
are aligned.

36

Use a multimeter to measure the RSL (P1) on the RSSI port of the horizontally-polarized ODU at the local end.

Power on the vertically-polarized ODU at the local end. Use a multimeter to measure the RSL on the RSSI port of
the vertically-polarized ODU. Release the holders of the feed boom and turn the feed boom gently until the RSL
reaches the minimum value (P2). The calculated XPD1 (XPD1 = P1 - P2) cannot be lower than 30 dB. Record the
current angle (D1) of the feed boom.

Power off the horizontally-polarized ODUs and power on the vertically-polarized ODUs at both ends of the radio
link. Adjust the azimuth and pitch angle of the antennas by referring to the description in "Aligning SinglePolarized Antennas". Ensure that the main lobes of the vertically-polarized signals are aligned.

Refer to Steps 3 and 4 to ensure that the calculated XPD2 (XPD2 = P3 - P4) is higher than or equal to 30 dB.
Record the current angle (D2) of the feed boom.

Repeat Steps 1 to 6 to gently adjust the feed boom (ranging from D1 to D2), and ensure that XPD1 and XPD2 are
higher than or equal to 30 dB.

Tighten all the screws on the antennas after the alignment is completed.

Checking the Status of Radio Links


LINK indicator

Check the status of the LINK indicator on the front panel of the chassis.

a
b

If the LINK indicator is on (green), the radio link is functioning properly.

If the LINK indicator blinks yellow at intervals of 300 ms, check whether the antennas are aligned properly. If the
antennas are not aligned properly, realign the antennas.

If the LINK indicator is off, check whether the logical units of the IF unit and the ODU have been added on the
NMS. If yes, check for a fault in the IF jumper, IF cable, or the ODU.

If the LINK indicator is on (red), check whether the configuration data is correct. If the configuration data is
incorrect, configure correct data.

37

Checking the Installation

No.

What to Check For

The chassis is installed securely in the position specified in the engineering design documents. If the cabinet
door is closed, the door should not press against the chassis or any cables.

Chassis components have no paint spatters, damage, or stains.


Re-paint or clean components, as required.

Cable routes comply with the engineering design documents and facilitate maintenance and expansion.

Cables are not damaged, broken, or spliced together.

Cable cores have been tested for connectivity.

Cables are properly bound. Cable ties are installed at equal intervals and face in the same direction. Cable ties
have been trimmed after tying and there are no rough edges.

Signal cables are routed correctly in the cabinet.

Cables outside the cabinet are routed as follows:


Cables are run neatly and are not cross-connected.
If a cable ladder is used, the cables are bound onto the ladder beam neatly. If the cable tray extends 0.8 m or
more above the cabinet top, a cable ladder is installed to support the cables and ease stress.

Cable turns are smooth and have a large bending radius.

10

Cable labels are filled in correctly, attached securely, and are aligned to face in the same direction. Preferably,
labels are attached at least 2 cm away from connectors.

11

The power cable and ground cable are routed separately from signal cables.

12

Unused cable connectors are protected. For example, protective caps are installed on unused connectors.

13

Cable connectors are inserted securely and the screws on the connectors are tightened.

14

Corrugated pipes for fiber jumpers are inserted 10 cm into the cabinet and bound securely.

15

The cuts for jumpers on corrugated pipes are either smooth or have been wrapped with insulation tape.

16

Jumpers are bound gently to ensure free move in cable ties.

17

Connecting points of fiber jumpers are clean. Protective caps (plugs) are installed on unused fiber connectors
and optical ports.

38

Appendix
Connecting Cables to a Power Cable Connector

Obtaining Tools, Cables, and a Power Cable Connector

Two 0 V black ground


cables

Two -48 V blue power


cables

Ruler

2
1

Diagonal pliers

Utility knife

Power cable connector

Flat-head
screwdriver

Peeling Cables
2

Use one side of the power cable


connector as the peeling length
reference plane.
Peeling length
reference plane (9 mm)

Use a pair of diagonal pliers to trim off one end of


a -48 V power cable. Place the cable on the
peeling length reference plane, and leave a 1 mm
space between the left edge of the reference
plane and the trimmed end of the cable. Use a
utility knife to make a mark on the cable that is
aligned with the right edge of the reference plane.

Peel the cable using the


diagonal pliers.
8 mm

1 mm
8 mm

Cable core

9 mm
8 mm

Peeling length
reference plane

Peeling length (8 mm)

Repeat steps 1-3 to peel a 0 V


ground cable.

Note
If a ruler is available, you can use the ruler to measure an 8 mm
peeling length after trimming off one end of a cable.

8 mm

Cable core

39

Appendix
Connecting Cables to a Power Cable Connector

Connecting Cables to the Power Cable Connector


1

Route a cable into the power cable


connector.

Power Cable
Connector Terminal

Cable

1-

-48 V power cable (blue)

1+

0 V ground cable (black)

2-

-48 V power cable (blue)

2+

0 V ground cable (black)

Fasten the cable.

Pull the cable slightly. If the cable is loose, fasten it


again.
Pull the cable
slightly.

Caution
After fastening a cable, check whether the cable core is exposed outside the power cable
connector terminal. If the cable core is exposed, re-route the cable into the power cable
connector. If the cable core is still exposed after you re-route the cable, peel the cable again.
After the power switch is turned on, sparks may be generated at the exposed cable core when
an inappropriate operation is performed.
4

Repeat steps 1-3 to connect all cables to the power


cable connector.

All the cables are


fastened, and no
cable core is
exposed outside the
power cable
connector.

40

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Industrial Base Bantian Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
Peoples Republic of China
www.huawei.com