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# EJERCICIO 1

Datos Generales:
Ton

qm=5
Ton

qv=3,5
kgf

cm 2

'
f c=240
kgf

cm 2

fy=4200
Pgina | 1

Ocupacin=0,6

max=

L
=1,35 cm
480

=4 cm; Estr=10 m. m

Ec=15100 f ' c
kgf

cm2

Ec=15100 240
kgf

2
cm

Ec=233928,19
kgf

cm 2

Es=2039000

kgf

cm 2

fr=2,0 f ' c
kgf

cm 2

fr=2,01240
kgf

cm 2

fr=30,98

## Clculo de la Inercia antes del agrietamiento [ Ig ]

Pgina | 2

Ig=

3560
=630000 cm 4
12
Clculo del Momento Crtico [ Mcr ]

Y t =h/2
kgf

cm2

30,98
frIg
Mcr=
=
Yt
Mcr=6505,80 [ kgf m ] =6,50580 [ Tonm ]

n=

Clculo del n
Es 2039000
=
=8,72
Ec 233928,19
Clculo del rea de acero en compresin [As]

A ' s=

3D 2 3( 20 /10 )
=
=9,43 cm2
4
4

## Clculo del rea de acero en traccin [As]

20

10

25

10

As=2

Clculo de la d
d=H Y
Pgina | 3

A Y + A Y
Y = 1 1 2 2
AT
(19,646,25)+ ( 6,2811 ) [cm 3 ]
Y =
=7,40 cm
25,92 cm2
d=607,40=52,6 cm

Clculo de la d
d ' =4 cm+ 1 cm+1 cm=6 cm

## Clculo del c y de la Inercia critica [Icr]

bc2 (
+ [ n1 )A' s+ nAs ]c[ ( n1 )A ' sd ' + nAsd ]=0
2
2

35c (
+ [ 8,721 )9,43+ 8,7225,92 ]c[ ( 8,721 )9,436+8,7225,9252,6 ] =0
2
2

17,5c +298,82c12325,58=0
c=19,34 cm

Icr=

## Calculo de la Inercia Critica [ Icr ]

2
bc 3 (
+ n1 )A ' s( cd ' ) + nAs(d c)2
3

3519,343 (
2
Icr=
+ 8,721 )9,43(19,346 ) + 8,7225,92(52,619,34)2
3
Icr=347382,21cm4
1. Calculo de las Deflexiones (Carga Muerta)
1.1.

## Clculo del Momento Actuante (Carga Muerta)

5qmL2 q . p . p . vL2
Ma=
+
48
8

Pgina | 4

Ma=

556,5 0,5046,5
+
48
8

Ma=24,67[Tonm]
Ma Vs Mcr
24,676,50580 [ Tonm ]
Ma> Mcr Ie
Ma< Mcr Ig
1.2.

[ ( )]

Mcr
Mcr
Ig+ 1
Ma
Ma

( )

Ie=

Ie=

Icr < Ig

[ (

650580 3
650580
630000+ 1
5
24,6710
24,6710 5

Ie=352565,37 cm
1.3.

) ]347382,21
3

## Deflexin por Carga Muerta

( m)=

61qL4
5qL4
+
5760EIe 384EIe

5
0,504
)6504
5(
)6504
100
100
( m)=
+
5760233,92819352565,37 384233,92819352565,37
61(

( m)=1,29 cm

2.1.
Ma=

## Calculo del Momento Actuante (Carga muerta + Carga Viva)

5qvL2 53,56,52
=
48
48

Ma=15,40[Tonm]

Pgina | 5

M ( m+ v )=15,40+24,67=40,07 [Tonm]

## Ma=M ( m+v ) =40,07 [ Tonm ]

Ma Vs Mcr
40,076,50580 [ Tonm ]
Ma> Mcr Ie
Ma< Mcr Ig
2.2.

[ ( )]

Mcr
Mcr
Ie=
Ig+ 1
Ma
Ma

( )

Icr < Ig

[ (

650580 3
650580
Ie=
630000+ 1
5
40,0710
40,07105

Ie=348591,82 cm
2.3.

( m+ v )=

) ]347382,21
3

## Deflexin por Carga Muerta + Carga Viva

61qL4
5qL4
+
5760EIe 384EIe

8,5
0,504
)6504
5(
)6504
100
100
( m+ v )=
+
5760233,92819348591,82 384233,92819348591,82
61(

( m+ v )=2,11 cm
v= ( m+ v ) (m)
v=2,111,29=0,82 cm
s= m+ v

LP = s
Pgina | 6

' =

T
; T =2
1+ 50 '

A' s
9,43 cm 2
=
=0,005122
db 52,6 cm35 cm

2
=1,59
1+ 500,005122

## LP =1,591,78 cm=2,83 cm ; T =v + LP =0,82 cm+2,83 cm=3,65 cm

T Vs mx
3,65 cm> 1,35 cm Se redisea la seccin

REDISEO DE LA SECCIN

'

'

1f c
1f c
0.003
0.003
fy
fy
b=0,85
b=0,85
fy
fy
+0,003
+ 0,003
Es
2039000
1f ' c
6117
fy
b=0,85
fy+6117
0,850,85240
6117
4200
b=
=0,02448
4200+ 6117
0,35b =0,350,02448=0,0086

fy ( 0,0086 )4200
=
=0,1505
240
f'c

Pgina | 7

kgf

2
cm

## Ru=0,1505240 [1( 0,590,1505 ) ] =32,91

qu=1,2qm +1,6qv

m
Ton /
qu=1,25+1,63,5=11,6
2

Mu=

Calculo de la d

d=

Mu
51,0510 5
;d=
[cm]
bRu
0,9b(cm)32,91

b
(cm)
40
45
50
55
60

d
(cm)
65,6421
61,8880
58,7121
55,9798
53,5966

Mu=51,05+

dn=

5qL 511,66,5
=
=51,05 [Tonm]
48
48

h
(cm)
70
75
80
85
90

h/b
1,75
1,6667
1,6
1,5455
1,5

## [ (2,40,60,9 )( 6,5 2) ]1,2 [ Tonm ] =59,26 [Tonm]

8

59,26105
[ cm ] =57,75[cm]
0,96032,91

## Clculo del rea de acero

As=bd

As=0,00866057,75=29,80 cm2
2

As ( real )=32,17 cm 4 32 m. m

## Calculo de la profundidad a del bloque de compresin

Pgina | 8

a=

Asfy
32,174200
=
=11,04 cm
'
0,85f cb 0,8524060

c=

a 11,04 cm
=
=12,99=13 cm
1
0,85

y =90 4 +1+

3,2
=83,4 cm
2

Es=

0,003(dc )
c

Es=

0,003(83,413)
=0,0163
13
2

As ( real )=32,17 cm 4 32 m. m
Er=2( rec+ Estr ) +n var + ( n1 )Tamao

Nominal4
3

( 41 )2,54
3

## Er=32,8 cm <60 cm; Si cumple

Ey=

fy
4200
=
=0,00206
Es 2039000
Calculo de reas de acero mnimas

## En ningn caso la seccin de acero podr ser menor que:

As min =

14
( bd)
fy

As min1=

14
( 6083,4 )=16,68 cm 2
4200

As min2=

0,79 f ' c
0,79 240
( bd )=
( 6083,4 ) =14,58 cm2
fy
4200

Pgina | 9

As minREAL=19,63 cm 4 25

## Calculo de la resultante en el bloque de compresin

'

Cc=0,85f cba=T

Cc=0,852406011,04=135129,6[kgf ]

## Calculo del Momento Nominal

( a2 )

Mn=Cc d

Mn=135129,6 83,4

11,04
=105,24 [Tonm]
2

Mn=105,240,9=94,72[Tonm]
Mn> Mu ; 94,72>59,26 [ Tonm ] Sicumple

Seccin Actual:

Pgina | 10

Ec=15100 f ' c
kgf

cm2

Ec=15100 240
kgf

cm2

Ec=233928,19
kgf

cm2

Es=2039000

kgf

2
cm

'
fr=2,0 f c

kgf

cm 2

fr=2,01240
kgf

cm 2

fr=30,98

Ig=

60903
=3645000 cm4
12

## Clculo del Momento Crtico [ Mcr ]

Pgina | 11

Y t =h/2
kgf

cm2

30,98
frIg
Mcr=
=
Yt
Mcr=25093,80 [ kgf m ] =25,09 [ Tonm ]

n=

Clculo del n
Es 2039000
=
=8,72
Ec 233928,19
Clculo del rea de acero en compresin [As]

A ' s=

4D 2 4( 25/10 )
=
=19,64 cm2
4
4

## Clculo del rea de acero en traccin [As]

32

10

As=4

Clculo de la d
d=H Y
3,2
Y =4+1+
=6,6 cm
2

( )

d=906,6=83,4 cm

Clculo de la d
d ' =4 cm+ 1 cm+

( 2,52cm )=6,25 cm
Pgina | 12

## Clculo del c y de la Inercia critica [Icr]

bc2 (
+ [ n1 )A' s+ nAs ]c[ ( n1 )A ' sd ' + nAsd ]=0
2
60c 2 (
+ [ 8,721 )19,64 +8,7232,17 ]c [ ( 8,721 )19,646,25+ 8,7232,1783,4 ] =0
2

30c + 432,143c24343,2=0
c=22,18 cm

## Clculo de la Inercia Critica [ Icr ]

Icr=

2
bc 3 (
+ n1 )A ' s( cd ' ) + nAs(d c)2
3

Icr=

6022,183 (
2
+ 8,721 )19,64( 22,186,25 ) +8,7232,17(83,422,18)2
3

Icr=1308072,77 cm4
1. Clculo de las Deflexiones (Carga Muerta)
1.1.

## Clculo del Momento Actuante (Carga Muerta)

2

Ma=

5qmL q . p . p . vL
+
48
8

Ma=

556,5 (2,40,60,9)6,5
+
48
8

Ma=28,85[Tonm]
Ma Vs Mcr
28,85>25,09 [ Tonm ]
Ma> Mcr Ie
Ma< Mcr Ig

1.2.

## Calculo de la Inercia Efectiva

Pgina | 13

[ ( )]

Mcr
Mcr
Ig+ 1
Ma
Ma

( )

Ie=

Ie=

Icr < Ig

[ ( )]

25,09 3
25,09
3645000+ 1
28,85
28,85

1308072,77

Ie=2845199,66 cm 4
1.3.

( m)=

## Deflexin por Carga Muerta

61qL4
5qL4
+
5760EIe 384EIe

5
1,296
4
4
)650
5(
)650
100
100
( m)=
+
5760233,928192845199,66 384233,928192845199,66
61(

( m)=0,187 cm

2.1.

## Calculo del Momento Actuante (Carga muerta + Carga Viva)

5qvL2 53,56,52
Ma=
=
48
48
Ma=15,40[Tonm]
Ma( m)=28,85 [Tonm] ;

M ( m+ v )=15,40+28,85=44,25[Tonm]

## Ma=M ( m+v ) =44,25 [ Tonm ]

Ma Vs Mcr
44,25>25,09 [ Tonm ]
Ma> Mcr Ie
Ma< Mcr Ig
2.2.

## Calculo de la Inercia Efectiva

Pgina | 14

[ ( )]

Mcr
Mcr
Ig+ 1
Ma
Ma

( )

Ie=

Ie=

Icr < Ig

[ ( )]

25,09 3
25,09
3645000+ 1
44,25
44,25

1308072,77

Ie=1734070,56 cm 4
2.3.

( m+ v )=

## Deflexin por Carga Muerta + Carga Viva

61qL4
5qL4
+
5760EIe 384EIe

8,5
1,296
4
4
)650
5(
)650
100
100
( m+ v )=
+
5760233,928191734070,56 384233,928191734070,56
61(

( m+ v )=0,470 cm
v= ( m+ v ) (m)
v=0,4700,187=0,283 cm
s= m+ v
s=0,187 cm+ ( 0,60,283 cm )=0,3568 cm

LP = s
=

T
; T =2
1+ 50 '
2

A' s
19,64 cm
=
=
=0,003925
db 83,4 cm60 cm
'

2
=1,67
1+ 500,003925

Pgina | 15

## LP =1,670,36 cm=0,60 cm ; T =v + LP =0,283 cm+0,60 cm=0,88 cm

T Vs mx
0,88 cm <1,35 cm SI CUMPLE

As
32,17 cm2
NEV =
=
=4
mayor (3,2)2
4
AEHT =

AHT 792 cm 2
=
=198 cm2
NEV
4

fs=0,64200=2520
dc= y

## w=hfs dcAEHT10 [m. m]

w=1,225203 6,6198105 [m .m]
w=0,33 m. m