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Terabeam Gigalink

Field Installation and Service Manual


THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES. OPERATION IS SUBJECT TO
THE FOLLOWING TWO CONDITIONS. (1) THIS DEVICE MAY NOT CAUSE HARMFUL
INTERFERENCE, AND (2) THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT ANY INTERFERENCE RECEIVED,
INCLUDING INTERFERENCE THAT MAY CAUSE UNDESIRED OPERATION.
IF THIS PRODUCT IS SUSPECTED OF CAUSING HARMFUL INTERFERENCE WITH OTHER
EQUIPMENT, DISCONTINUE OPERATION IMMEDIATELY AND CONTACT TERABEAM.
THE INSTALLER OF THIS RADIO EQUIPMENT MUST ENSURE THAT THE ANTENNA IS
LOCATED OR POINTED SUCH THAT IT DOES NOT EMIT RF FIELD IN EXCESS OF HEALTH
CANADA LIMITS FOR THE GENERAL POPULATION; CONSULT SAFETY CODE 6,
OBTAINABLE FROM HEALTH CANADAS WEBSITE WWW.HC-SC.GC.CA/RPB.
FCC ID # O2700000-30-30, IC ID #: 4505A-00003030

Terabeam Gigalink
Field Installation and Service Manual
December 2005
Document Number: 040-1203-0000
Revision: C
This manual is valid for the Terabeam Gigalink 6221e, 6421e, 6232e, 6432e, and 6442e.
Copyright 2005 Terabeam Wireless
All Rights Reserved
Terabeam is a registered trademark of Terabeam Wireless.
Gigalink and Gigamon are trademarks of Terabeam Wireless.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Compliance Statement
This equipment is designed to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Title 47, Volume 1, Part 15.255 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed
to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the field
installation manual, could cause interference with radio communications. Operation of
this equipment in a residence may cause interference with other devices, in such case the
user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. Furthermore, any
changes or modifications to this equipment without the expressed approval of Terabeam
Corporation are strictly prohibited and would void the users authority to operate the
equipment. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: this device may not
cause harmful interference and this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation. If this product is suspected of
causing harmful interference with other equipment, discontinue operation immediately
and contact Terabeam.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Although every
effort has been made to make this field installation and service manual accurate and
complete, Terabeam Corporation assumes no responsibility for any errors that may
appear in this document.

Terabeam Wireless
22 Parkridge Road
Haverhill, MA 01835
www.proxim.com

Table of Contents
1

Introduction.............................................................................................................. 1-1

1.1

Purpose ...................................................................................................................................1-1

1.2

Organization ...........................................................................................................................1-1

1.3

Installation Assumptions ........................................................................................................1-2

1.4

Job Site Safety ........................................................................................................................1-2

1.5

Revisions ................................................................................................................................1-2

1.6

Technical Assistance ..............................................................................................................1-2

System Overview...................................................................................................... 2-1

2.1

General Description................................................................................................................2-1

2.2

System Components ...............................................................................................................2-2

Pre-Installation Planning ........................................................................................ 3-1

3.1

Location Criteria.....................................................................................................................3-1

3.2

Mounting Options...................................................................................................................3-2

3.3

Electrical Service....................................................................................................................3-4

3.4

Network Planning...................................................................................................................3-5

3.5

Tools and Equipment..............................................................................................................3-7

Installation ................................................................................................................ 4-1

4.1

Unpacking ..............................................................................................................................4-1

4.2

Mount Installation ..................................................................................................................4-1

4.3

Transceiver Installation ..........................................................................................................4-2

4.4

Rough Alignment ...................................................................................................................4-5

4.5

Electrical Connections............................................................................................................4-5

4.6

Network Connections .............................................................................................................4-6

Setup and Operation................................................................................................ 5-1

5.1

Gigamon Software Installation and Setup..............................................................................5-1

5.2

Final Alignment......................................................................................................................5-4

5.3

Gigamon Software Removal ..................................................................................................5-3

5.4

Transceiver MIB.....................................................................................................................5-4

Gigamon Software ................................................................................................... 6-1

6.1

Overview ................................................................................................................................6-1

6.2

Main Window.........................................................................................................................6-1

6.3

Monitoring Gigalink Terminals..............................................................................................6-5

6.4

Configuring Gigalink Terminals ............................................................................................6-7

Table of Contents
Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

iii

Monitoring and Routine Maintenance................................................................... 7-1

7.1

Monitoring ............................................................................................................................. 7-1

7.2

Maintenance........................................................................................................................... 7-1

Troubleshooting and Repair ................................................................................... 8-1

8.1

Troubleshooting Guidance..................................................................................................... 8-1

8.2

Technical Assistance.............................................................................................................. 8-4

Appendixes
A

Site Survey Checklist

Handling and Connecting Fiber Optic Cable

Transceiver MIB

iv

Table of Contents
Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

Tables
2-1

System Specifications.............................................................................................................2-2

3-1

Values for Gigalink Optical Interface Parameters..................................................................3-5

3-2

SNMP Cable Wiring Configuration .......................................................................................3-6

8-1

Gigalink Installation Troubleshooting Guide .........................................................................8-3

Figures
2-1

Gigalink Transceiver with Patch Antenna..............................................................................2-1

2-2

Gigalink Transceiver with Parabola Antenna.........................................................................2-2

2-3

Gigalink Transceiver Interfaces .............................................................................................2-3

2-4

AC/DC Power Module ...........................................................................................................2-4

2-5

Fiber Loop-Back Jumper Cable..............................................................................................2-4

2-6

Adapter Cable.........................................................................................................................2-5

2-7

10Base-T Adapter Cable ........................................................................................................2-5

2-8

Custom Connector..................................................................................................................2-5

2-9

Gimbal Mount ........................................................................................................................2-6

2-10

Mounting Bracket...................................................................................................................2-7

3-1

Standard Pole Mount ..............................................................................................................3-3

3-2

Typical Wall Mount ...............................................................................................................3-4

3-3

Electrical Power Cabling Diagram.........................................................................................3-4

3-4

Network Cabling Diagram .....................................................................................................3-5

3-5

Wiring Diagram for Permanent SNMP Cable........................................................................3-6

4-1

Schematic of Mounting Bracket Assembly for Pole Mount...................................................4-2

4-2

Gimbal Optimized for Upward and Downward Angles.........................................................4-2

4-3

Transceiver Optimized for Side to Side Angles .....................................................................4-3

4-4

Attaching the Gimbal Mount to the Base of the Transceiver .................................................4-4

4-5

Attaching the Gimbal Base to the Mounting Bracket.............................................................4-4

4-6

Gigalink Network and Power Connections ............................................................................4-5

5-1

Initial Gigamon Main Window ..............................................................................................5-1

5-2

Select Gigalink Dialog Box....................................................................................................5-2

5-3

Gigamon Main Window (Run Mode) ....................................................................................5-2

6-1

Main Window with RX Power in A/D Count ........................................................................6-2

6-2

Main Window with RX Power in Decibels............................................................................6-4

6-3

Select Gigalink Dialog Box ...................................................................................................6-5

6-4

Save Gigalink Info in a File as Dialog Box............................................................................6-6

6-5

Sample of Saved Gigalink Data .............................................................................................6-7

Table of Contents
Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/8/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

6-6

Network and Security Settings Dialog Box ........................................................................... 6-7

6-7

Triggering Parameters and Setting Threshold Dialog Box .................................................... 6-9

8-1

Gigamon Main Window ........................................................................................................ 8-1

8-2

Select Gigalink Dialog Box ................................................................................................... 8-2

8-3

Gigamon Main Window (Run Mode).................................................................................... 8-2

vi

Table of Contents
Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/8/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

Acronyms and
Abbreviations
AWG

American Wire Gauge

BER

bit error rate

DTE

data terminal equipment

NIC

network interface card

FCC

Federal Communications
Commission

FE

Fast Ethernet

GFI

ground fault interrupt

Mbps

Megabits per second

micrometer

MMW

millimeter wave

OD

outside diameter

PLL

phase lock loop

RF

radio frequency

RX

receive

SNMP

simple network management


protocol

TX

transmit

Acronyms and Abbreviations


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/8/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

vii

1
1.1

Introduction
Purpose
The purpose of this document is to present guidance for the installation, alignment, and maintenance
of Terabeam Gigalink terminal, a high-performance, millimeter wave (MMW) radio
communication system. This manual is applicable to the Terabeam Gigalink models identified below.

6221e/6421e 125 Mbps (Fast Ethernet (FE)/100Base-FX)

6232e/6432e 155 Mbps (OC-3/STM-1)

This document presents a brief overview of the Gigalink and its components and includes discussions
of system requirements, installation, alignment, software setup, routine maintenance, and
troubleshooting. Information relevant to safety is also provided. It is recommended that users read
this manual in its entirety prior to installation.

1.2

Organization
This field installation and service manual is organized into chapters, with discussions of individual
topics clearly identified. Tables and figures are provided, as appropriate. Chapters are organized as
follows:

Chapter 1, Introduction. Summarizes the purpose and organization of the document.

Chapter 2, System Overview. Describes system components.

Chapter 3, Pre-Installation Planning. Outlines planning activities to be completed prior to


installation, including the verification of equipment location and mount selection, network
design, and determination of materials and tools that will be needed for assembly,
installation, and alignment.

Chapter 4, Installation. Provides guidelines for unpacking and procedures for terminal
installation.

Chapter 5, Setup and Operation. Provides step-by-step procedures for equipment pointing,
power up, configuration setup, and link alignment.

Chapter 6, Gigamon Software. Details Gigamon software use, including selecting,


configuring, and monitoring terminals, and saving monitoring data.

Chapter 7, Monitoring and Routine Maintenance. Presents recommendations for the


inspection, monitoring, and maintenance of system components.

Chapter 8, Troubleshooting and Repair. Provides troubleshooting guidelines and


procedures for the removal and replacement of system components.

Chapter 1 Introduction
Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05/ Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

1-1

1.3

Installation Assumptions
This manual has been prepared to permit technicians who have no prior experience with MMW radio
equipment to install, align, troubleshoot, and maintain Gigalink terminals. It is assumed that
individuals using this manual are knowledgeable and experienced in the following areas:

1.4

Installation of electronic equipment and associated mounting structures in a variety of


building environments, including the use of standard tools (e.g., drills) required for
installation

Installation and launching of software applications and configuring network settings on a


laptop computer

Basic problem-isolation and troubleshooting

IP networking

Handling, cleaning, inspection, and connection of fiber optic cable

Job Site Safety


The installation of the Terabeam Gigalink involves activities, such as rooftop construction, which, if
done improperly, could pose a safety hazard to the installer. The installer is responsible for
compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and building and safety codes. Furthermore, in
general, employers are responsible for the safety of their employees and must comply with all
applicable worker safety regulations, including the need to provide training and personal protective
equipment.

1.5

Revisions
Changes to this manual may be made from time to time. When this occurs, these changes will be
issued as errata and posted on the Terabeam/Proxim Extranet (www.proxim.com). Customers are
advised to check the Web site periodically and prior to installation for applicable errata.

1.6

Technical Assistance
Terabeam provides technical assistance through Proxim Wireless to answer questions and provide
guidance regarding installation and service. To contact the Proxim Technical Service staff during
normal business hours of 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM M-F Pacific Time from within the United States, the
toll-free number is 1-866-674-6626. For calls from outside the United States, the number is the
international direct dial code followed by +1-408-542-5390.
Online Technical support is also available via the Proxim Wireless Website
http://www.proxim.com/support/contact.html

1-2

Chapter 1 Introduction
Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

2
2.1

System Overview
General Description
The Terabeam Gigalink MMW system operates in the FCC Part 15.255 unlicensed band that covers
the frequency range of 57.05 to 64.0 GHz. In view of the unlicensed status of this band, a Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) license or special authorization is not required to operate
Gigalink systems.

Note:

Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for FCC
compliance could void the users authority to operate this equipment.

Gigalink systems are available in two full duplex data rates (125 Mbps [FE/100Base-FX] and155
Mbps [OC-3/STM-1]. These systems are available with two different antenna configurations, patch or
parabolic, to accommodate various link ranges (see Figures 2-1 and 2-2). Both the patch and
parabolic transceivers are designed to be operated using facility AC power. Specifications for both
the patch and parabola transceivers are provided in Table 2-1.

Chapter 2 System Overview


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

2-1

Figure 2-1: Gigalink Transceiver with Patch Antenna

Figure 2-2: Gigalink Transceiver with Parabola Antenna

Table 2-1: System Specifications


Parameter
Transceiver dimensions (H x W x D)
Transceiver weight
AC/DC power module dimensions (H x W x D)
AC/DC power module weight
AC power consumption
AC input voltage
Maximum AC input current
Environmental

2-2

Specification
Patch 16 x 24 x 12 cm (6.3 x 9.4 x 4.7 in.)
Parabola 33 x 33 x 20 cm (13 x 13 x 7.9 in.)
Patch 5.9 kg (13 lbs)
Parabola 7.7 kg (17 lbs)
16 x 16 x 10 cm (6.3 x 6.3 x 3.9 in.)
3.2 kg (7 lbs)
110 watts
100 to 120 VAC, 50 to 60 Hz
1 amp
-20 C to 50 C (-4 F to 122 F) operating temperature
-30 C to 85 C (-22 F to 185 F) storage temperature
Humidity up to 95%, non-condensing

Chapter 2 System Overview


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

2.2

System Components
The primary components of the Gigalink are listed below and discussed in greater detail in the
subsections that follow.

2.2.1

Gigalink transceiver

Gigalink AC/DC power module with mounting kit

Fiber loop-back jumper cable

Adapter cable and SC-SC coupler

10Base-T adapter cable and spare connector kit

Gimbal mount

Mounting bracket

Mounting Hardware kit

Transceiver
Gigalink transceivers have either a patch or a parabola antenna (see Figures 2-1 and 2-2). The type of
antenna appropriate for each application is dependent on the range. All electrical and network
connections are made at the base of the transceiver. The transceiver can only be used in conjunction
with the provided AC/DC power module and operated with facility AC power. The terminal
interfaces are shown in Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-3: Gigalink Transceiver Interfaces

Note:

The Gigalink transceiver is designed to be used in conjunction with the provided


AC/DC power module and operated with facility AC power.

Chapter 2 System Overview


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

2-3

2.2.2

AC/DC Power Module


Each Gigalink is supplied with an AC/DC power module that comes equipped with two permanently
attached cables (see Figure 2-4). The cable that runs between the power module and the transceiver is
1.9 m (75 in.) in length and terminates in a weatherproof DC multi-conductor connector for
connection to the transceiver. The cable that connects the power module to the main AC power
source (i.e., roof-mounted outlet box) is 2.8 m (110 in.) in length and terminates in a standard U.S.
three-prong plug. The AC/DC power module and cables are suitable for outdoor use, and no special
provisions are required to shelter these components. The power module mounting kit supplied should
be used to mount the module so that it is clear of standing water with the cable penetrations on the
bottom edge.
Figure 2-4: AC/DC Power Module

2.2.3

Fiber Loop-Back Jumper Cable


The fiber loop-back jumper cable is used during initial alignment or to facilitate
troubleshooting (see Figure 2-5). The two FC connectors on the cable attach to the FC data
ports on the Gigalink transceiver to loop back the data.
Figure 2-5: Fiber Loop-Back Jumper Cable

FC
connectors

2-4

Chapter 2 System Overview


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

2.2.4

Adapter Cable
The adapter cable is used to temporarily connect the transceiver to test or other equipment
during initial alignment or to facilitate troubleshooting (see Figure 2-6). The two FC
connectors on the cable attach to the FC data ports on the Gigalink transceiver. The two SC
connectors attach to standard SC-terminated cables through use of provided SC-SC coupler.

Note:

The adapter cable is not a weatherproof cable type and must not be used to permanently
connect to network services.

Figure 2-6: Adapter Cable

FC connectors

SC connectors

2.2.5

10Base-T Adapter Cable


A 10Base-T adapter cable is provided with each Gigalink terminal and is used to connect the
transceiver to the field service laptop for installation and monitoring (see Figure 2-7). The 2.2-m
(86-in.) cable is fitted with an RJ-45 connector at one end for connection to the laptop and has a
weatherproof DC connector at the other end for connection to the transceiver.
Figure 2-7: 10Base-T Adapter Cable

RJ-45 connector
Weatherproof DC connector

Chapter 2 System Overview


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

2-5

2.2.6

Custom Connector
A stand-alone custom, weatherproof connector is provided to allow for permanent management
(through the transceivers 10Base-T SNMP port) when connected to customer-provided CAT5 cable
(see Figure 2-8). Instructions for attaching the connector to the cable are provided in Chapter 3.
Figure 2-8: Custom Connector

2.2.7

Gimbal Mount
The gimbal mount is used to attach the transceiver to the mounting bracket. It consists of two
primary components that come preassembled with four M8 x 18-mm bolts, lock washers, and flat
washers (two on each side). Each side of the upper bracket features a hole near the top and a curved
slot near the middle of the side plate (see Figure 2-9). This arrangement allows the transceiver to be
tilted at an upward or downward angle, with the upper bolt on each side serving as a pivot point.
Four M8 bolts are used to attach the gimbal mount to the transceiver by means of holes that are
tapped into the aluminum transceiver housing. These bolts are provided and are packaged with the
gimbal mount. Three 5/16-18 bolts are required to attach the base of the gimbal mount to the
mounting plate. These bolts also are provided but are packaged with the U-bolts.

Figure 2-9: Gimbal Mount

2-6

Chapter 2 System Overview


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

2.2.8

Mounting Bracket
The mounting bracket is an aluminum, L-shaped bracket that is used to mount the transceiver to a
mounting structure (i.e., a pole or wall) (see Figure 2-10). The top plate of the bracket features five
holes near the edge of the plate. These are used to attach the gimbal mount to the bracket. The back
plate includes two sets of holes that are used to attach the mount to the mounting structure.
Figure 2-10: Mounting L- Bracket

Included with the mounting bracket are two U-bolts to accommodate mounting pipe diameter from
6.35-cm (2.5-in.) to 10.16-cm (4.0-in.). The U-bolts are attached to the mounting bracket with - 13
nuts and washers. These items are supplied as a hardware kit packaged separately in the terminal
shipping carton.
The Mounting L-Bracket can also be used for wall mounting by drilling holes in a suitably secure
masonary wall and using wall anchors of a minimum size of -13 thread. The backside of the
mounting L-Bracket can be used as a template to locate the holes while drilling.

Note:

All hardware supplied with the Gigalink radio system is either stainless steel or iridited
aluminum to prevent corrosion. Terabeam recommends replacing any lost items with
similar corrosion resistant materials to prevent seizure or galling.

Chapter 2 System Overview


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

2-7

Pre-Installation Planning
It is recommended that installers perform an onsite inspection and complete pre-installation planning
prior to the installation of the Gigalink terminals. Pre-installation planning tasks include:

Selecting appropriate locations for all equipment based on the location criteria (see
Section 3.1)

Identifying and procuring (as necessary) a suitable mounting structure (i.e., pole or wall) for
each terminal

Identifying any facility improvements (e.g., power) that will be required prior to installation

Developing a detailed cable routing and installation plan, including lengths and types of
cables and conduit that will be needed

Obtaining any necessary permissions and verifying regulatory and safety compliance

Verifying that any network system equipment provided by others will be available at the
specified locations during installation

Determining the network configuration for equipment

Identifying additional tools and equipment, if any, that will be needed to support equipment
installation

It is also recommended that installers prepare sketches that show where all system components will
be located and how cables will be routed between components. A sample site survey checklist that
addresses these issues is included in Appendix A. The procedures described in Chapters 4 and 5 of
this manual are based on the assumption that the equipment locations have been identified and all
facility improvements have been made.

Note:

Guidance provided in this section should not be construed to be comprehensive or to


cover the full range of issues applicable to all site conditions that might be encountered.
Installers must evaluate each site and select appropriate equipment locations on a
case-by-case basis.

Chapter 3 Pre-Installation Planning


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

3-1

3.1

Location Criteria
Considerations for locating the Gigalink terminal include the following:

Line of Sight. The location of the transceiver must have an unobstructed line of sight to the
opposite end of the link. Potential obstructions include but are not limited to the following:

Onsite Obstructions. The transceiver should be sufficiently high and at a location such that
the line of sight will not be compromised by conditions or activities on the roof. At a
minimum, the line of sight should clear the edge of the building (or parapet) by no less than
30 cm (12 in.). Possible obstructions include potential snow buildup on raised structures
(e.g., parapet walls) and periodic rooftop activities, such as staging for window washing. In
addition, a mounting elevation of greater than 2.4 m (8 ft) is recommended in order to prevent
individuals on the roof from bumping into the transceiver or interrupting the beam.

Obstructions Across Link. The line of sight across the link must clear all intervening
obstacles. Considerations include seasonal vegetation, potential tree growth, planned
building construction, or partial obstructions such as power lines or fences. Obstructions in
the main beam reduce the power received at the opposite terminal.

Multi-path Interference. The transceiver line of sight should be free of reflections from
nearby objects or surfaces, such as buildings, towers, roofs, or asphalt. Multi-path
interference occurs when the transmitted signal arrives at the receiver via two or more paths
the main beam and reflections from the main beam or antenna side-lobes. Such interference
is highly dependent on location so relocating one or both terminals by as little as a few feet
can usually correct the problem. If possible, extended paths less than 5 m (16.4 ft) above
rooftops or asphalt should be avoided.

Mounting Surface. Preferred mounting surfaces for the Gigalink transceiver include a pole or
solid wall, including a building parapet or other structural component of the buildings
framework. If the terminal will be mounted on a pole, the pole must be attached to a structurally
stable foundation.

Environmental Conditions. The Gigalink radio terminal is weatherproof but not watertight.
The height of the terminal must be adequate to protect the radio from standing water, rain splash,
and snow buildup. The Gigalink terminal must be mounted so that all interfaces remain on the
bottom edge with cable service loops to prevent moisture wicking into the terminal housing.

Regulatory Compliance and Permissions. The selected transceiver location must comply with
all applicable regulatory and zoning requirements as well as rules and restrictions imposed by the
building owner or manager.

Note:

The installer is responsible for identifying and complying with all applicable
regulatory, zoning or other restrictions and obtaining the necessary permissions from
the appropriate authorities and building management prior to installation.

3-2

Chapter 3 Pre-Installation Planning


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

3.2

Mounting Options
There are two standard mounting options for the Gigalink terminal: pole mount and wall mount.
Both alternatives are discussed in detail below.

3.2.1

Standard Pole Mount


The Gigalink comes with a mounting bracket, two sizes of U-bolts, and all of the hardware (i.e.,
washers, lock washers, and nuts) necessary to mount the transceiver to a pole (see Figure 3-1). The
pole must be made of structural steel with an outside diameter (OD) of 6.3 cm (2.5 in.) to 10.16 cm
(4.0 in.) and provide the stability necessary to maintain terminal alignment under severe wind
conditions. In addition, the selected mount must be of sufficient height to achieve a clear line of
sight. A mounting elevation of greater than 2.4 m (8 ft) is recommended to prevent individuals on the
roof from bumping into the transceiver or breaking the beam. For most installations, a 10.1-cm
(4-in.)-diameter or greater pole is recommended to provide elevation up to 3 m (10 ft).

Chapter 3 Pre-Installation Planning


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

3-3

Figure 3-1: Standard Pole Mount

In most cases, it is advisable to use a mounting system that does not penetrate the roof membrane
material. Generally, a roofers warranty is void if a non-roofing contractor penetrates the roof. A
recommended non-penetrating roof mount is the Valmont Microflect Model 99281 tripod mount.
Capable of supporting a 2.4 m (8-ft) dish under winds of 200 kilometers per hour (125 miles per
hour), the Model 99281 is adequate to maintain precise alignment for up to four Gigalink patch
terminals or two Gigalink parabolic terminals when maximum ballast (40.6-cm [16-in.] cinder
blocks) is used. A protective rubber mat, such as the Valmont Microflect Model B1564, must also be
installed to protect the roof membrane.
When mounting more than one Gigalink terminal on the same pole, the following procedures must be
followed to avoid interference between links:

3.2.2

Parallel Links. Interpose the frequencies (i.e., mount one high-band and one low-band radio on
the same pole)

Non-parallel Links. Mount the same frequency (i.e., both high band or both low band) with an
angular separation of greater than 3 degrees for parabola terminals and 9 degrees for patch
antennas.

Typical Wall Mount


The Gigalink also can be mounted to a stable, secure wall. The hardware necessary to attach the
mounting bracket to the wall is not provided with the Gigalink. A typical installation, using four
stainless steel bolts with a greater than 3.5 wall anchor depth, is shown in Figure 3-2. If the wall
does not support an 3.5 depth or greater wall anchor, a through bolt to a backing plate must be used.
It is also recommended that the transceiver be positioned at least 8 ft above the roof surface.
If the wall mount is selected, it is recommended that a safety chain or cable be threaded through the
gimbal mount and attached to the wall as an extra security measure. This is of particular importance
if the radio is to be mounted above an area that does not have restricted access.

3-4

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Figure 3-2: Typical Wall Mount

WARNING It is the responsibility of the installer to ensure that the radio is mounted
securely. Particular care must be exercised when mounting the radio to a wall above
areas that are easily accessible. In some cases, it may be advisable to attach a safety
chain or lanyard through the gimbal mount to provide an extra level of security.

3.3

Electrical Service
Gigalink terminals require dedicated, 20-amp, 110-VAC service that terminates in a weatherproof
outlet box within 1.8 m (6 ft) of the transceiver. A typical electrical cabling diagram is presented as
Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-3: Electrical Power Cabling Diagram

Note:

All cables must be installed in accordance with applicable local building and electrical
codes. In addition, all electrical work must be performed by a licensed electrician.

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3-5

3.4

Network Planning
The Gigalink uses industry-standard FC connectors for data fiber connection (see Figure 3-4). The
network data cables must terminate in an FC male connector with a metal housing and must match the
fiber type for the particular terminal as specified in Table 3-1. Data cables are not supplied with the
Gigalink. Installers are responsible for identifying and providing the lengths of outdoor-rated cables
needed and determining how the cables will be routed. Each network device connecting to the
Gigalink terminal will have published specifications for the parameters shown in Table 3-1. An
optical power calculation must be performed for each transmit and receive fiber segment between
network devices to ensure that power levels fall within an acceptable range.
Figure 3-4: Network Cabling Diagram

Table 3-1: Gigalink Optical Interface Parameters


Model
Number
6221e, 6421e
6232e, 6432e

Data Rate and Fiber Type


125 Mbps/155 Mbps, multi-mode
(62.5/125-m or 50/125-m multi-mode fiber)
155 Mbps, single-mode
(9/125-m single-mode fiber)

3-6

Transmitter
Output Power
(dBm)
-20 to -14

Maximum Receiver
Sensitivity
(dBm)
-31

Minimum Receiver
Saturation Point
(dBm)
-14

-15 to -8

-29

-8

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A 10Base-T adapter cable that is fitted with a custom, weatherproof connector is provided for
temporary connection of the transceivers 10-Base-T SNMP port to a field service laptop for use
during installation or troubleshooting (see Figure 3-4). In addition, a stand-alone custom connector is
provided to allow for permanent management (through the transceivers 10Base-T SNMP port) when
connected to customer-provided CAT5 cable (see Figure 3-5). The maximum allowable cable length
is 100 m (328 ft). Two wiring configurations for attaching the custom connector to the cable are
provided in Table 3-2. The two configuration options are for a cable that:

Connects the transceiver to a laptop or other data terminal equipment (DTE)

Connects the transceiver directly to a switch or repeater

Once the cable has been configured for either option, it can be used for the alternate purpose through
the addition of a crossover cable.
Figure 3-5: Wiring Diagram for Permanent SNMP Cable
Custom connector
(provided)

Keyway

CAT5 cable (100 m max.)


(not provided)

RJ-45 connector
(not provided)
PIN 8
PIN 1

Table 3-2: SNMP Cable Wiring Configuration

RJ-45 Pin No./


Wire No.
Color
1
Orange/white
2
Orange
3
Green/white
4
Blue/white
5
Blue
6
Green
7
Brown/white
8
Brown
N/A = Not applicable.
NC = No connection.

Wiring Configuration When Cable Is


Used to Connect Transceiver to
Laptop (DTE)
Custom Connector
Signal Name
Pin No.
Rx D+
2
Rx D1
Tx D+
3
N/A
NC
N/A
NC
Tx D4
N/A
NC
N/A
NC

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3-7

Wiring Configuration When Cable Is


Used to Connect Transceiver to
Switch (Repeater)
Custom Connector
Signal Name
Pin No.
Tx D+
3
Tx D4
Rx D+
2
N/A
NC
N/A
NC
Rx D1
N/A
NC
N/A
NC

3.4

Tools and Equipment


The tools and equipment required for installation of the Gigalink terminal are listed below. Installers
are responsible for providing all listed items. Installers are encouraged to read through this manual
prior to installation and bring any additional tools and equipment, as appropriate.

Field service laptop computer that meets the specifications listed below

SC-SC fiber adapter

SC-FC fiber adapter

19-mm (3/4-in.) combination wrench

13-mm (1/2-in.) combination wrench

Media converter or optical modulator

UV-rated tie wraps and automotive split-loom sheathing to provide fiber cable protection and
strain relief

The field service laptop that is needed for the installation and setup of the Gigalink must meet the
following system requirements:

CD-ROM drive

Microsoft Windows 2000 (while some early releases of Microsoft Windows XP may work
with the Gigamon Software, Gigamon version 1.8.8 does not fully support operation with the
Windows XP operating system).

10/100 Ethernet adapter card

Screen resolution of 1024 x 768 or higher

128 MB RAM

Note:

It is highly recommended that two installers, each equipped with a cell phone and a
laptop with Gigamon software, be available for Gigalink installations. While it is
possible for one technician to align a pair of Gigalink transceivers, the alignment time
can be greatly reduced by using two technicians, one located at each side of the link.

3-8

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4
4.1

Installation
Unpacking
All of the components for each Gigalink terminal will arrive in a single shipping container. When
unpacking the Gigalink terminal, installers should inspect the components to ensure that everything
has been received and is intact. If any item is missing, installers should Proxim technical support.
The following components are included with each Gigalink terminal.

Gigalink radio terminal

Gigalink AC/DC power module with attached cables and mounting kit

Fiber loop-back jumper cable

FC/SC adapter cable and SC-SC coupler

10Base-T adapter cable

Custom 10Base-T connector

Gimbal mount (packaged with (4) M8 bolts, lock and flat washers)

Mounting bracket

Hardware kit - (2) U-bolts, nuts, flat and lock washers, (3) 5/16-18 bolts, lock and flat washers

Gigamon software CDROM Version 1.8.8

Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual

Note:

4.2
4.2.1

During unpacking and inspection, keep the hardware that accompanies the gimbal mount
separate from the hardware that is provided in the hardware kit for the purpose of
attaching the gimbal mount to the mounting plate. Do not mix up the two types of bolts.

Mount Installation
Pole Mount
Locate and orient the mounting pole according to the guidelines in Section 3.2, Mounting Options.
The steps for installing the mounting bracket follow.
1.

Install two U-bolts around the pole through the appropriate holes in the mounting bracket (see
Figure 4-1).

2.

Install the lock washers, washers, and nuts on the U-bolts and tighten them securely.

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4-1

Figure 4-1: Schematic of Mounting Bracket Assembly for Pole Mount

4.2.1

Wall Mount
The Gigalink also can be mounted to a stable, secure wall. The hardware necessary to attach the
mounting bracket to the wall is not provided with the Gigalink. A typical installation, using four
stainless steel bolts with greater than 3.5 deep wall anchors, is shown in Figure 3-2. If the wall
does not support a 3.5depth or greater wall anchor, a through bolt to a backing plate must be used. If
the wall mount is selected, it is recommended that a safety chain or cable be threaded through the
gimbal mount and attached to the wall as an extra security measure. This is of particular importance
if the transceiver is to be mounted above an area that does not have restricted access.

4.3

Transceiver Installation
The first step in installing the transceiver is to attach the gimbal mount to the base of the transceiver.
The orientation of the gimbal mount can be optimized for either upward or downward facing links
based on the orientation of the curved slot in the gimbal mount (see Figure 4-2). These elevation
adjustments are limited to 45 degrees from the neutral position in both directions.
Figure 4-2: Transceiver Optimized for Upward and Downward Angles

4-2

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The transceiver also can be optimized by making azimuth adjustments. The azimuth adjustments are
made by rotating the transceiver side to side using the two slots at the base of the gimbal mount,
which is attached to the mounting bracket (see Figure 4-3). The azimuth adjustments are limited to
45 degrees from the neutral position in both directions. The orientation of the transceiver that is
required to maintain line of sight between the two terminal locations must be determined based on
both the elevation and azimuth adjustment limitations. However, it should be noted that 360
azimuth adjustments can be carried out on pole-mounted terminals by loosening the mounting bracket
hardware and turning the mount. The significance of these adjustments is discussed in Section 5.2,
Final Alignment.
Figure 4-3: Transceiver Optimized for Side to Side Angles

Note: Views of transceiver are from underside of mounting bracket to show the
position the of gimbal mount. Details in gray are normally obscured from view.

Once the appropriate elevation and azimuth orientations have been determined, installation can
proceed according to the following steps:
1. Attach the gimbal mount to the base of the transceiver using the four M8 x 1.5-cm stainless steel
bolts, lock washers, and flat washers that have been provided with the gimbal mount (see
Figure 4-4). These four bolts should be tightened enough to fully compress the lock washers.
WARNING The four M8 gimbal bolts are attached to the body of the transceiver by
means of tapped holes in the cast aluminum housing. These four bolts should be
tightened only enough to fully compress the lock washers. Care should be taken not to
over-tighten these bolts because of possible damage to the tapped threads.

WARNING The three 5/16-18 bolts supplied in the hardware kit cannot be
interchanged with the M8 bolts supplied with the gimbal mount because they are of a
different thread and will damage the radio housing tapped holes or the threads in the
mounting bracket. The 5/16-18 bolts can be identified by markings on the bolt head.
The M8 bolts have no markings on the bolt head.

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4-3

Figure 4-4: Attaching the Gimbal Mount to the Base of the Transceiver

2. Carefully invert the transceiver and place it on the mount bracket, aligning the single hole on the
base of the gimbal mount with the center hole on the edge of the mounting bracket.
3. Using one of the three stainless steel 5/16-18 bolts with flat washers and lock washers that have
been provided with the hardware kit, attach the gimbal mount to the mounting bracket beginning
with the center hole. Hand tighten the bolt so that it is secure but not so tight that the gimbal
mount cannot be moved from side to side using the center bolt as a pivot point (see Figure 4-5).
4. Point the transceiver in the general direction of the opposing terminal and then using two of the
remaining four holes in the mounting bracket that are visible through the slots in the gimbal
mount (one for each slot), insert the remaining two 5/16-18 bolts with flat washers and lock
washers and hand tighten until just snug. Do not tighten the bolts completely.
Figure 4-5: Attaching the Gimbal Base to the Mounting Bracket

4-4

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4.4

Rough Alignment
Once the Gigalink transceiver has been securely mounted, it should be visually aligned with the
opposing terminal according to the following procedures:
1. Loosen both the gimbal base mounting bolts and gimbal side adjustment bolts slightly (see
Figure 2-9).
2. Roughly point the transceiver toward the opposing transceiver using the outside edge of the
transceiver housing to sight the opposing transceiver.
3. Once satisfied that both terminals are roughly pointed at each other, retighten the gimbal base
mounting bolts and the gimbal side adjustment bolts by hand just enough to hold the desired
position.

4.5

Electrical Connections

Once both transceivers in a link have been securely mounted and visually aligned, all power
connections can be made. The procedures for powering up the Gigalink are as follows.
1. Attach the DC power cord from the AC/DC power module securely to the base of the transceiver
at the DC power interface (see Figure 4-6).
WARNING The electrical connection at the radio terminal must be made first in order
to avoid arcing and possible damage to the radio terminal connector. Once the radio
connection has been made, power may be applied to the circuit. Never Unplug or
Connect the DC cable at the radio terminal with the AC circuit powered up as this
may permanently damage the radio transceiver or power module.
2. Plug the AC cord from the AC/DC power module into the main AC power outlet and apply
power to the AC circuit.
3. Verify that the green LED on the AC/DC power module is illuminated.
Figure 4-6: Gigalink Network and Power Connections

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4-5

4.6

Network Connections
Once the power has been applied to the Gigalink terminal, network services can be connected. The
procedures for making the network connections are presented below.
1. Clean the fiber connectors with the CLETOP fiber cleaner.
2. Connect the fiber optic cables by inserting the FC male connectors into the appropriate data
transmit and receive FC fiber ports (see Figure 4-6) taking care to align the index tab, and then
tighten the outer collar of the connectors in a clockwise rotation (see Appendix B).
3. Route the opposite end of the fiber optic cables to the customers network switch room or rooftop
patch box and insert the other end of each fiber optic cable into the transmit and receive switch
ports, as appropriate.

4-6

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Setup and Operation


The Gigamon software is the primary tool for the precision alignment of the Gigalink. Although it is
possible for a single installer to perform final alignment, it is recommended that two installers, each
with a cellular phone (or two-way radio) and a laptop with Gigamon software, be available to
complete this task. If only one installer is available, final alignment will require travel between sites.

5.1

Gigamon Software Installation and Setup


The procedures for installing and starting the Gigamon software are as follows:
1. Log on to the laptop computer with administrative rights and install the Gigamon software.
-

Insert the Gigamon CD-ROM into the laptop CD-ROM drive.

If the Gigamon installation program does not start automatically, open the CD-ROM file
system directory and double-click the setup.exe file to run the program.

Follow the steps on the InstallShield Wizard. Terabeam recommends selecting the
default settings. If non-default settings are used, the instructions for removing Gigamon
software may not apply.

2. Connect the laptop to an installed and powered terminal using the supplied 10Base-T adapter
cable.
3. Double-click the Gigamon icon on the Windows desktop. The Gigamon Main window will
open (see Figure 5-1). If more than one Ethernet adapter is detected, the Select Ethernet
Adapter pop-up will open. Select an adapter and click OK.
Figure 5-1: Initial Gigamon Main Window

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5-1

4. On the Action menu, click Select. The Select Gigalink dialog box displays the information
from the terminal to which the laptop is connected (see Figure 5-2). Click OK.
5. On the Action menu, select Align>Run. The Gigamon Main window will display
continuously updated data from the selected Gigalink terminal (see Figure 5-3).
Figure 5-2: Select Gigalink Dialog Box

Figure 5-3: Gigamon Main Window (Run Mode)

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5.2

Final Alignment
The most critical factor in achieving the desired reliability level is the precise alignment of the
antenna during installation. Failure to align both terminals on the center (optimum) region of the
receive area will greatly reduce the level of signal received and, in turn, the available fade margin.
Likewise, if the Gigalink terminals are not mounted securely enough, misalignment from terminal
movement due to wind or vibration could also result in intermittent operation.
In run mode, the Gigamon software continuously updates the data in the Main window. The goal of
precision alignment is to maximize or peak the receive level. Optimum terminal alignment is best
accomplished by slight incremental adjustments at both terminal sites. Precision alignment is made in
the vertical and horizontal planes (up and down, left and right) separately, one terminal at a time.
Care must be taken not to over adjust the alignment. To facilitate precision alignment, tighten all
adjustment bolts to allow movement only when the transceiver is grasped with a firm hand.
Side lobes occur in both vertical and horizontal planes. If the link is nearly horizontal, and the rough
alignment is close to the neutral position (see Figure 4-2), then additional vertical adjustment range
can be achieved by removing the bottom elevation bolts in the curved slots of the gimbal mount.
Once both vertical side lobes have been positively identified and the terminal aligned on the main
beam (detailed in the steps below), the bolts can be re-installed and tightened to hold the alignment.
If, after precision alignment, the threaded insert is not visible in the slot, the gimbal mount must be
reversed to accommodate the proper alignment setting. It is essential that all four side mounting bolts
be installed to preserve alignment accuracy in heavy wind.
Final alignment is an iterative process that requires adjustments on both terminals. If only one
installer is available, several trips between the terminals will be required to complete final alignment.
1. Install an active, modulated optical source such as a media converter sending idle patterns
(6221e/6421e [FE] only) or network equipment.
2. Beginning with Side A, loosen the gimbal side adjustment bolts slightly and raise the transceiver
slowly while observing the change in receive level on the computer screen. Typically, the receive
level will rise, then fall and then rise again slightly on both sides of the optimum alignment as the
receiver moves from the center main beam to the edge side-lobes of the radiation pattern. It is
recommended that the technician move the alignment through the main lobe and into both sidelobes until returning to the center peak receive level of the main lobe.
3. When satisfied that the maximum receive level has been reached, tighten the gimbal side
adjustment bolts to maintain the desired vertical alignment angle. The Gigamon software
displays the highest receive level recorded as a magenta bar at the top of the receive level bar (see
Figure 5-3).
4. Repeat this procedure for the horizontal alignment by slightly loosening the gimbal base
mounting bolts and slowly moving the transceiver to the right and then to the left. Observe
changes in the receive level monitor, identify both side-lobe areas, and return the alignment to the
center peak position of the main lobe.
5. When satisfied that optimum alignment has been achieved, tighten the three gimbal base
mounting bolts and the four gimbal side adjustment bolts to secure the desired position.

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5-3

6. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 on Side B (i.e., the opposing terminal) while maintaining the position of
Side A. During the final alignment process, the receive level should continuously improve. The
current receive power level is displayed by the blue receive level indicator that appears in the RX
Power status bar. An acceptable clear air receive power would be a level above 400 to 450 A/D
count. The magenta line indicates the maximum RX power level achieved during the current
Gigamon session.
7. Repeat Steps 1 through 5 until power is optimized, typically about two to four iterations.
8. Close the Gigamon software on each side. The Save Gigalink Info in a File As dialog box will
open. Click Save to save the current Gigalink information in a text file for later review. This
information can be used to evaluate ongoing transceiver performance.
9. Verify that the network equipment link light is illuminated. If the link light is not illuminated,
verify that the Gigalink terminal is receiving the correct power according to Table 3-1. If
necessary, interchange the transmit and receive fiber optic cables.
Once an acceptable receive level has been achieved on each Gigalink terminal, the established link
should operate error-free. If a link cannot be established, or if an error-free link cannot be achieved,
installers should refer to Chapter 8, Troubleshooting and Repair.

5.3

Gigamon Software Removal


The instructions for removing the Gigamon software are as follows:
1. Insert the Gigamon CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive.
2. Run setup.exe.
3. On the Welcome screen, click Remove. Click Next. The software will be removed.
Alternately, open Add/Remove Programs on the Windows Control Panel, select Gigamon, and
select the Change/Remove option.

5.4

Transceiver MIB
The Management Information Base (MIB) for the transceiver is available on the CD-ROM in the
SNMP/MIBS folder. Open the MIB text file and copy it into the management system. Additional
information on the MIB and traps is provided in Appendix C.

5-4

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6 Gigamon Software
6.1

Overview
Gigamon is used to detect, monitor, and configure Gigalink terminals connected within the same
network. Although Gigamon can detect and read the parameters of up to eight Gigalink terminals at
once, the software can only monitor and configure one Gigalink terminal at a time. The Gigamon
Main window displays status readings and parameter values for the active Gigamon terminal.
Choosing a different Gigalink terminal as the active terminal is accomplished using the Action menu.
This chapter provides descriptions of the status readings and parameter values displayed in the
software, as well as procedures for monitoring and configuring Gigalink terminals using the Gigamon
software. Features of the software include:

6.1.1

Monitoring when Alignment is in run mode. In run mode, Gigamon reads the Gigalink
terminal parameters (specifically receive power and receive level) while updating the display.

Configuring of network parameters and threshold parameters (e.g., SNMP traps). When a
parameter is set, it is stored in the EEPROM image of the Gigalink terminal.

Saving of Gigalink information. A dialog box displays automatically when exiting the
Gigamon software.

Starting Gigamon
Instructions for starting Gigamon are provided in this section. Refer to Section 5.1, Gigamon
Software Installation and Setup, for instructions on installing the Gigamon software.
1. Power up the Gigalink terminal.
2. Before starting the Gigamon software, connect the field service laptop to the transceiver
using the provided 10Base-T adapter cable.
3. On the computer, double-click the Gigamon icon. The Gigamon software program will start.

6.1.2

Selecting an Ethernet Adapter


The Select Ethernet Adapter dialog box automatically displays if Gigamon is started on a computer
with multiple network adapters. The dialog box also can be opened by choosing Select Ethernet
Adapter on the File menu. The dialog box shows the device names and descriptions for the network
adapters detected by Gigamon. To recognize only one Ethernet adapter, choose the Ethernet adapter
name and click Select. Click OK.

6.2

Main Window
The Main window (see Figure 6-1) can display data for one Gigalink terminal at a time. When
Gigamon is started, none of the Gigalink terminals in the network is selected. The first Gigalink
terminal selected via the Action>Select command is the active Gigalink terminal in Gigamon.
All data displayed in Gigamon are for the active Gigalink terminal.

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6-1

Figure 6-1: Main Window with RX Power in A/D Count

The components of the Main window are described below.

MAC Address. The MAC address of the Gigalink terminal is one of the identification
parameters displayed in Gigamon. This unique address is set at the factory and cannot be
changed. On startup, Gigamon does not recognize the MAC address of the connected
Gigalink(s); the value Unknown is displayed in the MAC address field. In the Select Gigalink
dialog box (accessed via the Action>Select command), the software attempts to retrieve the MAC
addresses of up to eight Gigalink terminals connected to the network segment. In the Main
window, the MAC address of the selected Gigalink terminal is displayed in the MAC address
field.

Serial Number. This unique identification parameter is set at the factory and cannot be changed.

RX Power Status Bar. This status bar represents the current level of receive signal strength.
When in run mode, Gigamon updates the RX Power status bar continuously. The blue indicator
inside the RX Power status bar represents the current receive power level; the numeric value is
displayed near the top of the indicator. The horizontal magenta line above the blue receive level
indicator displays the maximum value reached during the current session. The numeric value of
the maximum receive level is displayed just above the magenta line. As adjustments are made to
the Gigalink alignment, the receive level decreases and increases. During terminal alignment,
both terminals will need to be adjusted incrementally and iteratively until a peak receive signal
level is achieved. A receive level in the green range of the RX Power status bar generally
indicates that the receive level is strong enough to enable error-free operation. The peak receive
level should remain fairly constant (within 10 points) during operation, except for an occasional
decrease caused by rain attenuation.

6-2

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Status Indicators. Four status indicators represent critical monitoring points within the Gigalink
radio terminal. Three colors are used to display the status. Green indicates normal operation; red
indicates abnormal operation; and black indicates that no terminal has been selected.
Descriptions of the status indicators follow.
-

Synthesizer. Displays the lock status of the synthesizer circuit. This indicator should be
green.

PLL Lock. Displays the lock status of the Gunn diode oscillator PLL circuit. This indicator
should be green.

TX Link. Indicates the presence of an optical signal at the transceiver fiber interface from
the customer network. When this indicator is green, sufficient optical signal is present to
perform alignment, and the fiber connected to the port is active. If the indicator is red, the
radio is not receiving an optical signal from the connected network device.

RX Link. Indicates the presence of a synchronized clock signal received from the remote
terminal. During alignment, this indicator will cycle from green to red until a minimum
alignment is achieved. Once alignment has been achieved, this indicator should remain
green.

Status Bars. Five status bars display the operating voltages and Gunn current.1 The voltage
levels include 6-volt, 15-volt, and -15-volt internal supplies, as well as the voltages for the Gunn
oscillator tuning varactor diode (Vtune) and the current for the Gunn diode oscillator. The status
bars are divided into three regions: safe (green), warning (yellow), and severe (red). The current
values are indicated by horizontal blue lines on the status bars, with the optimum position being
in the middle of the bar. The numeric values associated with these blue bars are listed in the textbased status display. When Gigamon is in run mode, each of these readings should fall within the
green range. Yellow indicates performance may be degraded. Red indicates a fault has occurred
and the unit may require service.

Text-Based Status Display. The text-based status display at the bottom of the screen provides
summary data and errors. The link status and any errors are presented on the left side; summary
data in the form of numeric values are presented on the right side.

Menu. The Gigamon menu structure is as follows:


- File. The available File commands are:

Save Info As

Select Ethernet Adapter

Exit

Earlier-generation transceiver types may display the voltage level for a 24-volt internal supply rather than the voltage
for Vtune.

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6-3

Settings. The Settings commands are:

Factory Settings (disabled)

SNMP

Network and Security

Threshold and Trigger

Action. The available Action commands are:

Select

Align

Run

Stop

Display. The available Display modes are:

RX Power in A/D Count

RX Power in dB (decibels)

Help. The available Help command is:

About Gigamon

The Main window can display the RX power values in relative numeric values or in decibels. By
default, Gigamon displays receive level in relative numeric values. To change the numeric output,
select RX Power in dB on the Display menu. If RX Power in dB is chosen, Gigamon converts the
relative numeric values to a decibel scale and changes the display of RX Power accordingly (see
Figure 6-2).
Figure 6-2: Main Window with RX Power in Decibels

6-4

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6.3

Monitoring Gigalink Terminals


Monitoring of Gigalink terminals is performed using the Gigamon Main window.

Note:

Click Select on the Action menu to command Gigamon to detect the Gigalink terminals
in the network. The Gigalink terminal selected will be the active terminal and its data
will display on the Main window. Select Align>Run on the Action menu to continuously
update the displayed data.

6.3.1 Selecting a Gigalink Terminal


To select a Gigalink terminal, choose Select on the Action menu. The Select Gigalink dialog box will
display, as shown in Figure 6-3. The dialog box lists the identification values of the active Gigalink
and provides an interface to choose a different Gigalink terminal as the current selection. 2
Figure 6-3: Select Gigalink Dialog Box

To select a new active radio, choose the MAC address of the Gigalink terminal from the list. The
serial number field updates automatically based on the MAC address selected. To make a Gigalink
terminal the active terminal, select it in the Gigalink Radio MAC address list box and click OK. If an
incompatible Gigalink transceiver is detected on the local subnet, its MAC address will display in the
MAC address of incompatible device(s) list box.

Earlier-generation transceiver types may display the voltage level for a 24-volt internal supply rather than the voltage
for Vtune.

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6-5

6.3.2 Gigamon Run Mode


In run mode, Gigamon continuously updates the display of receive level and other data from the
active Gigalink terminal. To enter run mode, select Action>Align>Run. Run mode will continue
until stopped or until the Select Gigalink dialog box is opened. To stop run mode, select
Action>Align>Stop.

6.3.3 Saving Gigalink Terminal Data


To facilitate regular maintenance of the Gigalink terminals, it is recommended that data be saved
periodically. When exiting the Gigamon software, the Save Gigalink Info in a File As dialog box
displays automatically. To manually open the dialog box, select Save Info As on the File menu. The
Save Gigalink Info in a File As dialog box will display (see Figure 6-4). Any text file saved will
include the parameters as shown in Figure 6-5 for the Gigalink terminals detected.
Figure 6-4: Save Gigalink Info in a File As Dialog Box

1. In the dialog box, select a location to save the text file. It is recommended that a Gigalink
folder be created for storing the text files.
2. The default file name is Gigalink.txt. This File name should be edited by adding the terminal
serial number in the format Gigalink <XXXX>.txt where XXXX is the 4-digit terminal
serial number. Gigamon will then create the file and add data from future sessions to that
same file without deleting existing data. This feature is an extremely important maintenance
and troubleshoot tool as it provides a historical record of operational parameters.
3. The saved file will include a line of parameter values for each Gigalink terminal detected in a
session. These values are space-delimited and can be copied into a Microsoft Excel
spreadsheet. Each record is time stamped by date and time. A saved file may have several
records for the same Gigalink terminal if the file saving format is consistent and data is
appended to an existing file. Figure 6-5 shows sample data stored in a saved file.

6-6

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Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
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Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
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Figure 6-5: Sample of Saved Gigalink Data

6.4

Configuring Gigalink Terminals


Configuring a Gigalink terminal consists of specifying network and security settings, including the
setting of thresholds for the sending of system-related SNMP traps.3 To open the Network and
Security Settings dialog box (see Figure 6-6), select Settings>SNMP>Network and Security. This
dialog box provides for setting SNMP network configuration for the active Gigalink terminal.
Figure 6-6: Network and Security Settings Dialog Box

Transceivers with firmware 0.9.1 or 0.9.2 do not support get and set operations.

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6-7

The following network configuration values can be set in the Network and Security Settings dialog
box. Click Apply once the values are defined to send the parameter values to the active Gigalink
terminal.

Gigalink SNMP Agent IP. This value is required for the SNMP monitoring software to request
SNMP get and set functions on the Gigalink terminal.

Gigalink Subnet Mask. This required parameter works in conjunction with gateway IP to define
which IP address range will be local for the Gigalink terminal.

Gigalink Gateway IP. This required parameter defines which IP address range will be local for
the Gigalink terminal.

SNMP Manager IP 1. The IP address of the host acting as SNMP manager must be defined
before the Gigalink terminal can send SNMP traps to the host.

SNMP Manager IP 2. Not supported in this release.

Report Frequency. This required value specifies how often each radio terminal will send SNMP
trap packets to the SNMP manager.

SNMP Get and Set Operations. The parameters community string, net, and mask ensure
security of the SNMP get/set operations. The Gigalink terminal will match the community string
in the SNMP manager's get/set request packet and verify whether the SNMP manager's IP address
is within the range defined by the values net and mask. If any of these validations fail, the
Gigalink terminal will not respond to the request. Community string, net, and mask can be
different for get and set operations.
-

Community String. The community string serves as a password for the SNMP get/set
operation. If a community string is set, the SNMP manager must provide that community
string to the Gigalink terminal when sending a get or set request. When the Gigalink terminal
receives a request, it will compare the community string. If the comparison fails, the
Gigalink terminal will not send the requested parameter value(s) to the SNMP manager on a
get request and will not change its parameter values on a set request. The community string
must be alphanumeric and a maximum length of 16 characters.4

Net. The net and mask parameters define the range of IP addresses acceptable to the
Gigalink terminal when responding to SNMP get/set requests. The format is n.n.n.n where
n is a digit from 0 to 255. For example, if net is defined as 10.0.0.0 and mask as
255.255.255.0, the range of IP addresses the Gigalink terminal will accept is 10.0.0.n where
n is 1 through 254.

Mask. This parameter works in conjunction with net in defining the range of IP addresses
acceptable to the Gigalink terminal when responding to SNMP get/set requests.

The community string specified for transceivers with firmware 0.9.9 must be 11 characters or fewer in length.

6-8

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6.4.1 SNMP Settings


Select Settings>SNMP>Threshold and Trigger from the menu to open the Triggering Parameters and
Setting Threshold dialog box (see Figure 6-7). These settings toggle on and off the SNMP trap
parameters and define the threshold range for selected parameters. The Gigalink terminal monitor
will send the SNMP host/manager an SNMP alert trap when an enabled parameter falls outside the set
threshold range.
Figure 6-7: Triggering Parameters and Setting Threshold Dialog Box

To be monitored, the parameters on the left side of the dialog box (e.g., 6 volt, +15 volt, etc.) must
have an associated threshold range if they are selected. The parameters on the right side of the dialog
box (e.g., TX link, RX link, etc.) only need to be selected. No threshold can be defined for those
parameters. Selecting (checking) a parameter will activate that parameter to be monitored against
threshold ranges (or an on or off condition). Click the Apply button to write the settings to the
Gigalink terminal. To return the values to their default settings, click Defaults and click Apply. A
description of each parameter and the corresponding threshold values are provided below. For each
threshold range, type an allowable value in the appropriate text box. Click Apply after the values to
be monitored are specified.

6 Volt. A power supply voltage. The low threshold range is 5.6 to 6.1 V. The high threshold
range is 6.1 to 6.6 V. The nominal value is 6.1 V.

+15 Volt. A power supply voltage. The low threshold range is 10.5 to 15 V. The high threshold
range is 15 to 19.5 V. The nominal value is 15 V.

15 Volt. A power supply voltage. The low threshold range is 10.5 to 15 V. The high threshold
range is 15 to 19.5 V. The nominal value is 15.0 V.

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6-9

Vtune. Varactor tuning diode voltage. Wide variations in Vtune voltage from the initial reading
may indicate a tuning problem with the Gunn diode oscillator source. The threshold setting and
triggering options are not available for this parameter for this release.5

Gunn. The Gunn oscillator current. The low threshold range is 590 to 850 mA. The high
threshold range is 850 to 1300 mA. The nominal value is 850 mA.

RX Power. The receive level. The low threshold range is 300 to 600. The high threshold range
is 600 to 1000. The nominal operational value depends on link range.

TX Link. Transmit Link. If this parameter is selected, an SNMP alert trap will be sent if no data
are received from the optical input.

RX Link. Receive Link. If this parameter is selected, an SNMP alert trap will be sent if no data
are being received from the opposing Gigalink terminal.

PLL. If this parameter is selected, an SNMP alert trap will be sent if the PLL is unlocked. If
PLL is unlocked, one of the terminals fundamental frequency-generating devices is operating
improperly.

Synthesizer. If this parameter is selected, an SNMP alert trap will be sent if the Synthesizer, one
of the Gigalink terminals fundamental frequency generating devices, is operating improperly.

Earlier-generation transceiver types may display 24 Volt with enabled Low and High boxes rather than Vtune.

6-10

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Monitoring and Routine Maintenance


Under normal operating conditions, the Gigalink terminal requires only periodic monitoring and little
or no maintenance. It is recommended that the Gigalink terminal be inspected and monitored twice a
year. Specific recommendations and guidance for monitoring and maintenance are provided below.
In addition, individuals conducting the inspection should take note of any mechanical changes to the
original installation (e.g., additional equipment mounted to the pole, evidence of equipment
tampering, any apparent physical damage to the terminals, or potential obstructions in the link path).
In addition, all mechanical and cable connections should be checked for integrity and tightness.

7.1

Monitoring
Periodic monitoring of the Gigalink terminal should be conducted to ensure that the current
performance parameters do not vary significantly (more than 20 percent) from those recorded during
installation. Monitoring will require the use of a field service laptop that is equipped with a copy of
the Gigamon software and a 10Base-T adapter cable (provided). It is also recommended that a record
of the original installation parameters, as well any subsequent monitoring parameters, be available for
comparison. The procedures for conducting monitoring are as follows:
1. Connect the field service laptop to the transceiver and run the Gigamon software.
2. Verify that the current operating parameters are within specification and comparable to the values
recorded at installation (see guidelines above).

7.2

Maintenance
In locations that experience conditions of extreme dust or pollution, it may be necessary to
periodically clean the transceivers radome (see Figures 2-1 and 2-2), which can be easily
accomplished using a dry rag or cloth and ordinary glass cleaner. During cleaning, care should be
taken to minimize the blocking of the transmission path in order to prevent link loss or high BER.

Chapter 7 Monitoring and Routine Maintenance


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7-1

Troubleshooting

8.1

Troubleshooting Guidance
The primary tool used for troubleshooting the Gigalink terminal is the Gigamon software monitoring
utility. The following are the procedures for initiating a troubleshooting session.
1. Connect a field service laptop with the Gigamon software to the transceiver using the provided
10Base-T adapter cable (see Section 5.1, Gigamon Software Installation and Setup). If the
Gigamon software has not been loaded on a laptop, refer to the instructions in Section 5.1.
2. Start up the computer and double-click the Gigamon icon. The Gigamon Main window will
appear (see Figure 8-1).
Figure 8-1: Gigamon Main Window

3. Once the Main window appears, click Select on the Action menu. The Select Gigalink dialog box
will appear (see Figure 8-2).

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8-1

Figure 8-2: Select Gigalink Dialog Box

4. Once a Gigalink Terminal has been selected, select Align>Run on the Action menu. The Main
window will be continuously updated with information from the Gigalink terminal (see
Figure 8-3). If the Gigamon monitor utility fails to connect with the terminal, the error message
Failed to communicate with Gigalink will be displayed. Possible causes for failed
communication include an incomplete connection, incorrect version of Gigamon software, lack of
power, or incorrect PC network interface card (NIC) selection (see Table 8-1).
Figure 8-3: Gigamon Main Window (Run Mode)

8-2

Chapter 8 Troubleshooting and Repair


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
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Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
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Table 8-1: Gigalink Installation Troubleshooting Guide


Problem or Status
Failed communication with
Gigamon error message

Link is down and:


Receive Power: < 450
Synthesizer Lock: Green
PLL Lock: Green
TX Link: Green
RX Link: Green

Link is down and:


Receive Power: < 450
Synthesizer Lock: Green
PLL Lock: Green
TX Link: Green
RX Link: Red

Possible Causes
1. Physical connection between
the laptop and the terminal
is not complete.

2. Windows XP Operating
system not compatible with
Gigamon software
3. Gigalink terminal is not
powered up.
4. Wrong Ethernet adapter
(NIC) is selected.
1. Misaligned terminals (side
lobe).

2. Rain event beyond


expectations.
3. Obstruction to RF path.

1. Altered terminal alignment.


2. Remote terminal is not
powered up.
3. Remote terminal is not
looped back or connected to
network source of optical bit
stream.
4. Fiber is crossed at the
remote terminal.

5. Misaligned terminals (side


lobe).
6. Rain event beyond
expectations.
7. Obstruction of RF path.

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Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
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Troubleshooting Steps

1. Check the physical connections at both the laptop and

transceiver interfaces.
2. Verify that the adapter cable is correctly configured.
3. Verify that the adapter cable is not damaged.
4. Verify that the laptop interface port is configured properly for
operation in Windows 2000.
5. Verify that the green light on the NIC port on the laptop is
illuminated.

1. Locate a laptop running Windows 2000 , or try an earlier


release of XP

1. Ensure that the terminal is powered up by verifying that the


green LED on the AC/DC power module is illuminated.
1. Select File > Select Ethernet Adapter and confirm that the
correct adapter has been selected.
1. Connect to the remote terminal.
2. Verify that the Indicator and Status conditions are acceptable.
Monitor and record the status of the conditions.
3. Determine if the terminals are misaligned.
1. Determine if the area has recently experienced high winds or a
rain event.
1. Determine if water is sheeting on the antenna.
2. Determine if there is an obstruction in the RF path.
3. Access saved configuration file and review for differences
between saved file and current conditions.
1. If so, recheck and possibly correct the terminal alignment.
1. Attempt to connect to the remote terminal. If this cannot be
done, there may be a power problem at the remote terminal.
Restore power to the remote terminal.
1. Verify Green TX Link Indicator at remote terminal through
Gigamon.

1. Verify that the Indicator and Status conditions are acceptable.


Monitor and record the status of the conditions. If the TX Link is
red, no network equipment is connected to the remote terminal.
2. Ensure that the signal coming from the network equipment at the
remote terminal is within the valid power range specified in
Table 3-2. If the power readings are invalid, there may be a
damaged cable connector at the remote terminal, cables may be
crossed on the remote terminal, or the remote terminal may not
be looped back.
1. Ensure that the terminal is not aligned on a side lobe by
attempting to re-align to a higher Receive Power value.
1. Determine if the area has recently experienced high winds or a
rain event.
1. Check to see if the RF path is obstructed.

8-3

Table 8-1: Gigalink Installation Troubleshooting Guide


Problem or Status
Link is down and:
Receive Power: < 450
Synthesizer Lock: Green
PLL Lock: Green
TX Link: Red
RX Link: Green

Possible Causes
1. No optical signal at data-in
port.

2. Transmit and receive fibers


are interchanged.
3. Network switch port is
inactive.
4. Broken fiber at data-in port.

5. Unstable device (media


converter) in payload circuit

Link is down and:


Synthesizer Lock: Red
PLL Lock: Red
and/or any voltage is in the
red zone.

6. Wrong fiber type.


1. Call technical assistance to
determine cause.

8-4

Troubleshooting Steps
1. Verify that the network equipment is connected to the local
terminal.
2. Verify that the data rates of the local terminal and the network
equipment are the same.
3. Verify the output of the network equipment using a data traffic
test set or loop-back plug.
4. Verify that the signal coming from the network equipment is
within the valid power range specified in Table 3-2.
1. Verify that all cables are connected correctly.
2. Verify that the optical cable connectors are not damaged.
1. Re-start and verify that connected device port is up an
configured for full duplex operation.
1. If looping back the ports clears the TX Link red reading, check
each fiber cable individually by looping back to network device
data ports. This will verify that the fiber cables are not broken.
1. Verify that media converter is of same fiber and data rate as
radio and network device.
2. Verify that media converter is set for full duplex or auto
negotiate.
3. Disable any internal loopback or remote fault features contained
in media converter and re-start
1. Verify.
1. Call the Technical Assistance Center.

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Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
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8.2

Technical Assistance
Terabeam provides technical assistance through Proxim Wireless to answer questions and provide
guidance regarding installation and service. To contact the Proxim Technical Service staff during
normal business hours of 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM M-F Pacific Time from within the United States, the
toll-free number is 1-866-674-6626. For calls from outside the United States, the number is the
international direct dial code followed by +1-408-542-5390.
Online Technical support is also available via the Proxim Wireless Website
http://www.proxim.com/support/contact.html
In order to provide the most timely and efficient service, we ask that customers have the following
information available when calling for technical support.

Identification of the product believed to be causing the problem (including the Gigalink model
and serial numbers)

Customer name and contact information (including company name, name of individual placing
the call, shipping address, and telephone number)

Date of installation and purchase order number

Description of the problem, including the following:

Time of occurrence

Circumstances under which problem is observed

Indication of whether the problem is isolated to a particular component

Indication of whether the problem is an isolated incident or an ongoing or recurring problem

Indication of whether the problem appears to be related to the equipment or the network,
including the identification of any alarms and/or traps that may have been received

Description of troubleshooting activities performed

Chapter 8 Troubleshooting and Repair


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
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8-5

Appendix A
Site Survey Checklist

Appendix A
Site Survey Checklist
Survey technician:

Survey date:

Customer:

P.O. Number:

Customer contact:
Address:
Office phone:

Cell phone:

e-mail:
Proposed installation date:
RF path length (in meters):
Data rate:

Measured

125-Mbps MMF

155-Mbps MMF

Estimated

155-Mbps SMF

Site 1

Site 2

Address:

Address:

Facilities contact:

Facilities contact:

Office phone:

Office phone:

Cell phone:

Cell phone:

Pager:

Pager:

Gigalink model specified:

Gigalink model specified:

Is AC service installed?

Yes

No

Fiber optic cable length (in feet):


Fiber optic cable type:

MMF

SMF

Pole

No

Fiber optic cable type:

SMF

Switch room termination type:


Wall

Appendix A Site Survey Checklist


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
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Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
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Yes

Fiber optic cable length (in feet):

Switch room termination type:


Mounting style:

Is AC service installed?

622-Mbps SMF

Mounting style:

A-1

Pole

Wall

MMF

Site 1 Sketch

Site 2 Sketch

A-2

Appendix A Site Survey Checklist


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
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Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
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Appendix B
Handling and Connecting
Fiber Optic Cable

Appendix B
Handling and Connecting Fiber Optic Cable
1

Overview
This appendix discusses the proper care and handling of the fiber optic cables and connectors
associated with the Gigalink terminal. Following this guidance will allow for successful
installation and reliable operation of the Gigalink. Failure to follow these recommendations
may result in permanent damage to the fiber and/or the connectors.

Proper Mating of Single-Mode Fiber FC Connectors


Terabeam Gigalink transceivers use FC fiber connectors for management and data interfaces. On
single-mode fiber, the male FC fiber connector incorporates a ceramic barrel that is sized for a
precision fit into the female receptacle. This precision interface requires special care and handling to
prevent damage during installation and/or maintenance. Failure to follow proper handing and
installation procedures may result in permanent damage to the fiber cable or interface connector,
rendering the transceiver inoperable and requiring its return to the factory for repair.

Note:

Physical damage to the transceiver fiber interface connectors will render the Gigalink
transceiver inoperable and necessitate its return to the factory for repair.

The transceiver interface connectors are cleaned, inspected, and capped at the factory to
prevent contamination during shipping and handling. The factory-installed fiber interface
connector caps should be left in place to prevent contamination until the final fiber
connection is made.

Under no circumstances should any object be inserted into the receptacle because
physical damage to the receptacle may result.

The Gigalink transceiver housing is equipped with a female FC receptacle; the connecting
fiber cable is equipped with the male FC connector. The male connector and female
receptacle incorporate an indexing tab and slot, respectively to facilitate the proper alignment
of the two components. The procedure for connecting the FC connectors is as follows:
1.

Inspect the male FC connector for contamination and clean the connector using an
approved method.

2.

Visually locate the index tab and the index slot on the FC connectors (see Figure 1).

Appendix B Handling and Connecting Fiber Optic Cable


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
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Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
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B-1

Figure 1: Male and Female FC Connectors

FC Male Connector Index Tab

FC Female Receptacle Index Slot

Note: The FC female receptacle is shown removed from the transceiver for clarity.

3.

Align the tab with the slot and slide the two connectors together (see Figure 2).

Figure 2: Aligning the Index Tab to the Index Slot

4.

Engage the male outer collar (see Figure 3).

Figure 3: Engaging the Male Outer Collar

5.

Hand-tighten the outer collar until snug (see Figure 4). Do not use a wrench or any other type of
tool to tighten the collar.

B-2

Appendix B Handling and Connecting Fiber Optic Cable


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
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Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
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Note:

Hand-tighten the outer collar. Do not use a tool of any type to tighten the collar.

Figure 4: Type FC Connection, Hand Tightened Outer Collar

Prevention of Fiber Optic Cable Damage


The following guidelines for fiber cable handling and strain relief can reduce the risk of
permanent damage to the fiber optic cables.

Do Not Violate Minimum Bend Radius. Manufacturers specifications are usually provided for
the minimum bend radius for fiber optic cables. If the minimum bend radius for the fiber optic
cable is not available, it is recommended that the cable maintain a minimum bend radius of not
less than 10 times the diameter of the fiber cable outer insulator. Strain relief should be provided
for deployed fiber in a manner that preserves the minimum bend radius while reducing stress
(from wind and mass).

Remove Interference. Remove or secure the deployed fiber cable from points of abrasion using
protective sleeving or strain relief.

Avoid Excess Compression. Nylon tie-wraps or tape commonly used to secure outdoor cabling
and power services can also be used to secure fiber optic cable. To avoid compression damage to
the fiber optic cable core, do not over-tighten tie wraps or tape. Conduit can also be used to
provide adequate protection while constraining the fiber optic cable. If conduit or sleeving will
be used, it should be formed in a weather-head configuration to prevent water from entering the
outer sleeve.

Appendix B Handling and Connecting Fiber Optic Cable


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
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B-3

Appendix C
Transceiver MIB

Appendix C
Transceiver MIB
1

MIBs and RFCs


The MIBs and Requests for Comments (RFCs) supported by Gigamon for MMW Pioneer
transceivers are listed in Table 1.
Table 1: MIBs and RFCs Supported by Gigamon
RFC
RFC 1215
RFC 1155
RFC 1213
Terabeam
Enterprise

File Name
RFC 1215
RFC 1155-SMI
RFC 1213-MIB
hxiSysGrp-MIB
hxiPwrBuiltInTestVoltageGrp-MIB
hxiDiscreteGrp-MIB

hxiFreqGrp-MIB
hxiTriggerGrp-MIB

hxiThresholdValueGrp-MIB
hxiTrap(s)

Description
For importing TRAP-TYPE macro.
SNMP v1 SMI definitions.
This MIB module uses the extended OBJECT-TYPE macro.
This MIB object includes the transceiver serial number and manufacturing date
{ OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.1 }.
This MIB object includes transceiver power supply and internal system information
{ OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.2 }.
This MIB object includes information about the status of the MMW Pioneer link
(receive and transmit link status, PLL, and synthesizer status)
{ OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.3 }.
This MIB object includes the frequency at which SNMP data is reported
{ OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.4 }.
This MIB object contains the SNMP agent threshold parameter trigger state (on/off)
that determines if data will be transmitted when a specific threshold is violated
{ OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.5 }.
This MIB object includes the threshold parameter values settable using the
Gigamon tool or SNMP set requests { OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.6 }.
This file defines the traps transmitted by the transceiver and the action that causes
the traps to be transmitted.

MIB Data
The MIB tables include the data and descriptions for the specific MIBs. Entries in the tables
include object (and object ID), data type, and description. Each MIB has a distinct name and
number and is detailed in a separate table.

2.1

Terabeam Pioneer System Group MIB


The Terabeam Pioneer System Group MIB includes information about the setup for receiving SNMP
and trap data (see Table 2).

Appendix B Transceiver MIB


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

C-1

Table 2: Terabeam Pioneer System Group MIB [hxiSysGrp (1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.1)]


Object
hxiSysSerialNumber (1)
hxiSysMfgDate (2)

2.2

Data Type
String (0..255)
String (0..255)

Access
Read only
Read only

Description
Transceiver serial number.
Transceiver manufactured date in YYYY-MM-DD format.

Terabeam Pioneer Power Built-In Test Voltage Group MIB


The Terabeam Pioneer Power Built-In Test Voltage Group MIB includes information about the
transceiver power supply and internal system information (see Table 3).
Table 3: Terabeam Pioneer Power Built-In Test Voltage Group MIB
[hxiPwrBuiltInTestVoltageGrp (1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.2)]a
Object
Data Type
Access
Description
hxiPwr6v (1)
Integer
Read only
6V line voltage, displayed in tenths of a volt.
hxiPwr15v (2)
Integer
Read only
15V line voltage, displayed in tenths of a volt.
hxiPwrNeg15v (3)
Integer
Read only
-15V line voltage, displayed in tenths of a volt.
hxiPwrGunn (5)
Integer
Read only
Gunn current reading, displayed in mA.
hxiPwrRxPower (7)
Integer
Read only
Transceiver receive power level.
a The MIB objects listed above are included in Gigamon version 1.8.6 with firmware version 1.3.0. If Gigamon 1.8.6 is used to monitor
transceivers that are running earlier firmware versions, hxiPwrBuiltInTestVoltageGroup(4) and hxiPwrTemp (6) may also be presented
but will contain invalid data and should be ignored.

2.3

Terabeam Pioneer Discrete Group MIB


The Terabeam Pioneer Discrete Group MIB contains information about the MMW link operation (see
Table 4).
Table 4: Terabeam Pioneer Discrete Group MIB [hxiDiscreteGrp (1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.3)]
Object
hxiLinkTX (1)
hxiLinkRX (2)
hxiLinkPLL (3)
hxiLinkSynth (4)

2.4

Data Type
Integer
Integer
Integer
Integer

Access
Read only
Read only
Read only
Read only

Description
The transmit link (to the air) status (0 = link down, 1 = link up).
The receive link (to the fiber) status (0 = link down, 1 = link up).
Status of the phase locked loop (0 = not locked, 1 = locked).
Status of the synthesizer (0 = not locked, 1 = locked).

Terabeam HXI Frequency Group MIB


The Terabeam HXI Frequency Group MIB contains information about the frequency at which trap
data will be transmitted by the transceivers SNMP agent (see Table 5).

C-2

Appendix C Transceiver MIB


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05/ Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

Table 5: Terabeam HXI Frequency Group MIB [hxiFreqGrp (1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.4)]


Object
hxiFreqReportInterval (1)

2.5

Data Type
Integer

Access
Read-write

Description
SNMP informational trap reporting frequency, displayed in tenths of a
second.

Terabeam HXI Trigger Group MIB


The Terabeam HXI Trigger Group MIB defines whether or not SNMP agent threshold parameters are
in use (see Table 6). These values are settable through SNMP set requests.
Table 6: Terabeam HXI Trigger Group MIB [hxiTriggerGrp (1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.5)]a
Object
hxiTrig6v (1)
hxiTrig15v (2)
hxiTrigNeg15v (3)
hxiTrigGunnCurrent (5)

Description
Specifies if the 6V threshold validation is on or off (0 = off, 1 = on).
Specifies if the 15V threshold validation is on or off (0 = off, 1 = on).
Specifies if the -15V threshold validation is on or off (0 = off, 1 = on).
Specifies if the Gunn current threshold validation is on or off (0 = off,
1 = on).
hxiTrigRxPower (6)
Integer
Read-write
Specifies if the Receive Power threshold validation is on or off
(0 = off, 1 = on).
hxiTrigTxLink (7)
Integer
Read-write
Specifies if the Transmit link validation is on or off (0 = off, 1 = on).
hxiTrigRxLink (8)
Integer
Read-write
Specifies if the Receive link validation is on or off (0 = off, 1 = on).
hxiTrigPLL (9)
Integer
Read-write
Specifies if the Phase Locked Loop locked/unlocked validation is on
or off (0 = off, 1 = on).
hxiTrigSynth (10)
Integer
Read-write
Specifies if the Synthesizer validation is on or off (0 = off, 1 = on).
hxiTrigVaractor (11)
Integer
Read-write
Specifies if the varactor control voltage validation is on or off (0 = off,
1 = on).
a The MIB objects listed above are included in Gigamon version 1.8.6 with firmware version 1.3.0. If Gigamon 1.8.6 is used to monitor
transceivers that are running earlier firmware versions, hxiTriggerGrp(4) may also be presented but will contain invalid data and should
be ignored.

2.6

Data Type
Integer
Integer
Integer
Integer

Access
Read-write
Read-write
Read-write
Read-write

Terabeam HXI Threshold Value Group MIB


The Terabeam HXI Threshold Value Group MIB contains the SNMP agent threshold parameter
values (see Table 7). These values are settable through SNMP set requests. The agent will send a
trap when the applicable reading is outside of these settable thresholds and if the threshold trigger is
on (see Section 6.4.1 for valid threshold value ranges).

Appendix B Transceiver MIB


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

C-3

Table 7: Terabeam HXI Threshold Value Group MIB


[hxiThresholdValueGrp (1.3.6.1.4.1.6325.1.6)]a
Object
hxiThresh6vLow (1)

Data Type
Integer

Access
Read-write

Description
Transceiver 6-V power supply low threshold value, displayed in
tenths of a volt.
hxiThresh6vHi (2)
Integer
Read-write Transceiver 6-V power supply high threshold value, displayed in
tenths of a volt.
hxiThresh15vLow (3)
Integer
Read-write Transceiver 15-V power supply low threshold value, displayed in
tenths of a volt.
hxiThresh15vHi (4)
Integer
Read-write Transceiver 15-V power supply high threshold value, displayed in
tenths of a volt.
hxiThreshNeg15vLow (5)
Integer
Read-write Transceiver -15-V power supply low threshold value, displayed in
tenths of a volt.
hxiThreshNeg15vHi (6)
Integer
Read-write Transceiver -15-V power supply high threshold value, displayed in
tenths of a volt.
hxiThreshGunnCurrentLow (9)
Integer
Read-write Transceiver Gunn current low threshold value, displayed in mA.
hxiThreshGunnCurrentHi (10)
Integer
Read-write Transceiver Gunn current high threshold value, displayed in mA.
hxiThreshRxPowerLow (11)
Integer
Read-write Transceiver receive power low threshold value, displayed in A/D
counts.
hxiThreshRxPowerHi (12)
Integer
Read-write Transceiver receive power high threshold value, displayed in A/D
counts.
a The MIB objects listed above are included in Gigamon version 1.8.6 with firmware version 1.3.0. If Gigamon 1.8.6 is used to monitor
transceivers that are running earlier firmware versions, hxiThresholdGrp(7) and (8) may also be presented but will contain invalid data
and should be ignored.

SNMP Traps
Terabeam uses private MIBs to extend the standard database values with values specific to the SNMP
agent. Gigalink transceivers generate SNMPv1 traps. Using Gigamon, a trap destination IP address
can be configured to receive v1 traps. All traps defined in the Terabeam-specific MIBs have a
common format for the variable bindings. The specific trap numbers can be found in the SNMP trap
table in this chapter.
Table 8 lists SNMP traps that may occur during regular operation and maintenance of Terabeam
Pioneer Gigalink equipment, including a complete list of SNMP traps generated by the
transceiver. When an alarm condition occurs, the warning trap will be transmitted. When it has
been resolved, its paired trap (if any) will be sent indicating that the resolution has occurred. The
paired traps appear consecutively in the trap table. Table 8 is designed to be used in conjunction
with Table 8-1 for troubleshooting.

C-4

Appendix C Transceiver MIB


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05/ Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

Table 8: Traps from Terabeam HXI Trap MIB


V1 TrapSpecific
ID
1

Severity
Clear

hxiTrapSynthLock

Clear

Yes

hxiTrapSynthUnLock

Major

Yes

hxiTrapPllLock

Clear

Yes

hxiTrapPllUnLock

Major

Yes

hxiTrapTxUp

Clear

Yes

hxiTrapTxDown

Major

Yes

hxiTrapRxUp

Clear

Yes

hxiTrapRxDown

Major

Yes

hxiTrap6vPwrOK

10

Clear

Yes

The MMW transceiver 6-V


power is within specified
range.

hxiTrap6vPwrWarn

11

Warning

Yes

hxiTrap15vPwrOK

12

Clear

Yes

hxiTrap15vPwrWarn

13

Warning

Yes

hxiTrapNeg15vPwrOK

14

Clear

Yes

hxiTrapNeg15vPwrWarn

15

Warning

Yes

hxiTrapGunnCurrentOK

18

Clear

Yes

hxiTrapGunnCurrentWarn

19

Warning

Yes

Trap/Notification
hxiTrapInfo

Appendix B Transceiver MIB


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05 / Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential

Paired
Trap?
No

Probable/Root Cause
Sent out periodically as
defined by
hxiFreqReportInterval.
The MMW transceiver
synthesizer is locked.
The MMW transceiver
synthesizer is not locked.
The MMW transceiver
Phase Locked Loop is
locked.
The MMW transceiver
Phase Locked Loop is not
locked.

Effect
All transceiver
SNMP information
is made available
on a periodic basis.

Action
None.

None.
MMW link may not
be operational.

Contact the Technical


Assistance Center.
None.

MMW link may not


be operational.

Contact the Technical


Assistance Center.

The MMW transmitter


(Tx Link) is up/locked.
The MMW transmitter
(Tx Link) is down/unlocked.

MMW link may not


be operational.

The MMW receiver (Rx Link)


is up/locked.
The MMW receiver (Rx Link)
is down/unlocked.

Check the network


connection to the
transceiver.
None.

MMW link may not


be operational.

Check the link for heavy


rain, misaligned
terminals, path
obstruction or proper
network connection at
the remote transceiver.
None.

The MMW transceiver 6-V


power threshold has been
violated.
The MMW transceiver 15-V
power is within specified
range.
The MMW transceiver 15-V
power threshold has been
violated.
The MMW transceiver -15-V
power is within specified
range.
The MMW transceiver -15-V
power threshold has been
violated.
The MMW transceiver Gunn
current is within specified
range.

MMW link may not


be operational.

Contact the Technical


Assistance Center.

The MMW transceiver Gunn


current threshold has been
violated.

MMW link may not


be operational.

C-5

None.

None.

MMW link may not


be operational.

Contact the Technical


Assistance Center.
None.

MMW link may not


be operational.

Contact the Technical


Assistance Center.
None.

Contact the Technical


Assistance Center.

Table 8: Traps from Terabeam HXI Trap MIB


Trap/Notification
hxiTrapRxPowerOK

V1 TrapSpecific
ID
20

Severity
Clear

hxiTrapRxPowerWarn

21

Warning

C-6

Paired
Trap?
Yes

Yes

Probable/Root Cause
The MMW transceiver
receive level is within
specified limits.
The MMW transceiver
receive level threshold has
been violated.

Effect

Action
None.

MMW link may not


be operational.

Check the link for heavy


rain, misaligned
terminals, or path
obstruction.

Appendix C Transceiver MIB


Terabeam Gigalink Field Installation and Service Manual
Document Number: 040-1203-0000 / Revision: C
Release Date: 12/08/05/ Print Date: 03/03/06
Proprietary and Confidential