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# 1.)How fast must Superman run to have the same momentum as a 2500kg train moving at 4.

5 m/s in the
same direction? Assume that the mass of Superman is 120kg.
2.)What is the resultant momentum of a system of two particles with these masses and velocities: 3.75kg
moving north at 5.60 m/s and 4.20kg moving northwest at 2.30 m/s?
3.)Find the force in an accident where the momentum of a motorcycle rider wearing a helmet changes
from 80kg-m/s to 0 in 0.03s.
4.)While on the skates, a 56kg student throws a 0.20kg ball horizontally. As a result, the student moves
back with a speed of 0.42 m/s. What is the speed by which the ball was thrown?
1:momentum=m*v where m=mass and v=velocity
let M,V represent superman and m,v represent train
1) Required velocity of superman =(2500*4.5)/120 = 93.75 m/s
2) p1 = 3.75*5.60 = 21 kg.m/s in North and p2 = 4.20*2.30 = 9.66 kg.m/s in north-west direction
that is making an angle of 45 degrees with north. The magnitude, p of the required resultant
momentum is given by p = sq rt [p1^2 + p2^2 +2p1*p2*cos 45] = 28.66 making an angle 'theta'
given by
theta = tan^-1[(9.66* sin 45)/{21+ 9.66*cos45}]= 13.8 degrees from north towards west
3) Force = 80/0.03 N = 2666.67 N
4) Required speed of the ball = (56*0.42)/0.20 = 117.6 m/s

What is the resultant momentum of a system of two particles with these masses and velocities: 3.75kg m/s
moving North and 4.2 kg moving Northwest at 2.3 m/s?
p=mv P1=3.75*5.6=21N P2=4.2*2.3=9.66NW since its NW you know its 45degrees, so find normal
at that angle 9.66cos45 = 5.07 (i dont have calc) so your momentum will be 21N+5.07N = 26.07N

First let's define a reference frame. Let the x-axis run along the side of the table. Let the
origin be the point at which the ball strikes the side.
If the angle of reflection is equal to the angle of incidence, then the x-component of the
ball's momentum does not change. We can ignore that part and focus on the y-component.
y = p*sin30
y = mv*sin30

## y = (0.224 kg)(12 m/s)sin30

y = 1.344 kg*m/s
(Technically, it should be -1.344 kg*m/s, based on how I oriented my reference frame.)
When the ball strikes the side and rebounds away, the y-component of its momentum is
completely reversed; ergo, the change in momentum is TWICE the negative original
value of the y-component: 2 x 1.344 kg*m/s = 2.688 kg*m/s
If you need that in two significant figures, it's 2.7 kg*m/s.
I hope that helps. Good luck!
So we can write the momenta in (x,y) format as follows:
P = (Px,Py) = (mVx mVy) = (mVcos(30), mVsin(30

0.20 kg ball horizontally. as a result, the student?
moves back with a speed of 0.42 m/s what is the speed at which the ball was
thrown?
Assuming the Student was initially at rest, also, the ball in his hand being at
rest, then,
Initial momentum = m1v1 + m2v2 = m1(0) + m2(0) = 0
After throwing,
Final momentum = m1v1 + m2v2 = (56 * 0.42) + (0.20 * -v2) = (56 * 0.42) (0.20 * v2)
Negative sign indicating that direction of velocity of ball is opposite to man's
velocity
Now, Initial momentum = final momentum
=> (56 * 0.42) - (0.20 * v2) = 0
=> 0.20 * v2 = 56 * 0.42
On Solving, v = 117.6 m/s
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1.) An airplane has a mass of 31,000 kg and takes off under the influence of a
constant net force of 42,500 What is the net force that acts on the plane's 81
kg pilot?
2.In the amusement park ride known as Magic Mountain Superman, powerful
magnets accelerate a car and its riders from rest to 54 m/s (around 120 mi/h)
in a time of 7.5 s. The mass of the car and riders is 4600 kg. Find the average
net force exerted on the car and riders by the magnets.
3.Airplane flight recorders must be able to survive catastrophic crashes.
Therefore, they are typically encased in crash-resistant steel or titanium
boxes that are subjected to rigorous testing. One of the tests is an impact
shock test, in which the box must survive being thrown at high speeds
against a barrier. A 41 kg box is thrown at a speed of 190 m/s and is brought
to a halt in a collision that lasts for a time of 6.4 ms. What is the magnitude of
the average net force that acts on the box during the colision?
4.) At a time when mining asteroids has become feasible, astronauts have
connected a line between their 3560 kg space tug and a 6300 kg asteroid.
Using their ship's engine, they pull on the asteroid with a force of 490 N.
Initially the tug and the asteroid are at rest, 500 m apart. How much time
does it take for the ship and the asteroid to meet?
Help on any of these problems would be appreciated, Formulas would be nice
too
2.) For number 1.
You know the mass of the airplane and the total net force.
F=m*a.
Fill in the blanks.
F = 42500
m=31000
a=42500/31000
Then solve for the pilot.
F= 81*a <- The "a" is the same as the "a" from the airplane.
Then you end up with...
F = 81*1.37
F=111N
For number 2.
You have enough information to find the acceleration of the car so...
a=(54m/s)/7.5s
a=7.2m/s^2 is your acceleration for the ride.
F=m*a
You have m & a so plug it in to get F.
F= 4600*7.2
F= 33120