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EDU 3073

GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING FOR CHILDREN


BAHAGIAN A
( 60 markah )
Answer all questions
Answers should be written between 100 to 150 words
1

Counseling is a profession that is increasingly important in recent times. In


spite of the rapid development of society and the state, various unhealthy had
spread in the community. This has impressed teenagers who are looking for
their self-identity. Hence, the need for guidance and counseling services in
schools is essential. List five forms of guidance and counseling services that
can be performed by Guidance and Counseling teachers in helping
[5 marks]

As the Guidance and Counseling teacher you found that adolescents often
stuck with the problem of smoking at an early age. You plan to hold a
counseling program.
Discuss the program that you will run and explain why this program is suitable
for achieving your goals
[10 marks]

2.

Teori Pemusatan Perorangan adalah antara teori kaunseling yang sering


mendapat perhatian dalam kalangan pengamal-pengamal kaunseling di seluruh
dunia. Ini disebabkan oleh ciri-ciri tertentu yang terdapat pada teori ini yang
sangat signifikan dalam proses membantu klien.
a.

Explain the view of Person Centered Theory by Carl Rogers on


humans.
[5 marks]

b.

A student often failed in the exam. He always blame the teacher as a factor
of failure. The reason of the failure is due to his laziness in studying and no
enthusiasm.

Based on these statements apply REBT counseling that you have learned
with detailing actions to be carried oriented "A-B-C-D-E".

[10 marks]

a.

The initial meeting is a very important stage for client


acceptance of the counselor. Counselors trying to establish a deep
understanding and high confidence in the client towards the goals that
has set out together to achieve.
Explain basic counseling skills that you can use in the early stages of
this meeting in the process of building a therapeutic relationship with
the client..
[5 marks]

Interventions based counseling approach is the action taken by the


counselor in the counseling and guidance in order to build more
comprehensive program . The intervention counseling must also be
carried out in accordance with the type of problems faced by clients to
up the effectiveness of counseling program conducted
Explain how the therapies available in the intervention such as play,
storytelling, art and music teachers can use the guidance in helping to
detect and defuse the problem faced by the students.
[10 marks]
.

4.

In each group counseling there are various stages or phases


a.

State five stages or phases found in the counseling group


[5 marks]

b.

Based on Behavioral Theory John Krumboltz (1928), indicate five


factors that can affect students in making decisions concerning his
career
[10 marks]

BAHAGIAN B
( 40 marks )

Answer all questions.


1

Rational Emotive Therapy Approach Behavior (REBT) by Albert Ellis emphasizes


the influence of emotional thought processes and behavior. During counseling
sessions, counseling teachers have always faced student who likes to blame a
friend and teacher, and is not ready to take responsibility for his behavior.
Discuss actions that can be taken and the implications when teachers use REBT
approach to help students deal with emotional problems .
[20 marks]

2.

Tan Ah Seng is 10 years old and the only child in the family. He is categorized
as a rather brilliant student and often represent the school in various
competitions. But he did not have a good relationship with his classmates. This
is because he has a habit of lying. This has make his classmates shun, hate and
exclude him. Various theories in counseling approach are suitable and effective
used in schools for pupils with problematic behavior.These theories emphasize
changes in behavior, affective, emotional and human thought.
Refers to one of the counseling theory you have learned, suggest an action plan
on how you as a guidance and counseling teacher can help him ?
[20 marks]

3.

Interventions based counseling approach is the action taken by the counselor in


the counseling and guidance to build more comprehensive program. Form of
intervention counseling must also be carried out in accordance with the type of
problems faced by clients to improve the effectiveness of ongoing counseling
program.
Describe to what extent of the therapies available in the intervention such as
play, storytelling, art and music can be used by teachers and guidance in helping
to relieve increase positive self-concept among students ..
[20 marks]