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A Semi-Detailed Lesson Plan in Chemistry

I. TOPIC: Metals and Non-Metals

At the end of 45 minutes discussion, the students will be able to:

classify elements as metals or non-metals based on their


Chemistry III by Estrella E. Mendoza and Teresita F. Religioso
The World of Chemistry 3 by Fely L. Araneta and Leticia V. Catris

B. Materials:
Visual Aids


Learning Activities

If you look around your house you will see hundreds of objects made from
dozens of kinds of materials. Have you ever wondered why manufacturer chose
the materials they did for each item?
Why are frying pans made of metal and their handle is made of a special kind of
Could a cup be made of metal? Could a frying pan be made of paper or plastic?

For your activity. The students will form a group. One member will be the
leader, secretary and reporter. Each group will be given a picture. They have to
group the materials in the picture as metal or non metal basing on its properties.
A member of the group will then present there answers to the class.

Elements are grouped into three groups in the periodic table. These groups are the
metals, non-metals and the metalloids. Each of these groups differs in their properties.
The list of properties for metals and non-metals were summarized in the table below.
Metalloids on the other hand, have the properties of both metals and non-metals. But for
this discussion, we will just focus on the properties of both metals and non-metals.


Hard, dense, solid (except mercury)

Shiny and can be polished

Malleable and ductile

Some are gases, liquids, or solids;

less dense and softer (except diamond)

Dull, cannot be polished (except


Strong (can hold heavy loads without


Sonorous (ringing sound can be heard

when struck)

Can conduct heat and electricity.

Usually have high melting points

Have high densities

Not sonorous
Insulators (except graphite)
Have low melting points
Have low densities

Metals and Non-Metals

Properties of Metals:
Luster: Metals, in their pure state, have a shining surface. This property is called
metallic luster.
Malleability: Some metals can be beaten into thin sheets. This property is called
malleability. Gold and silver are the most malleable metals.
Ductility: The ability of metals to be drawn into thin wires is called ductility. Gold is the
most ductile metal. A wire of about 2 km length can be drawn from one gram of gold.
Conductivity: Metals are good conductors of heat and have high melting points. The
best conductors of heat are silver and copper. Lead and mercury are comparatively
poor conductors of heat. Metals are good conductors of electricity as well.
Ability to Produce Sound: The metals that produce a sound on striking a hard surface
are said to be sonorous.



Identify the following elements as metals or non-metals based on the

descriptions given below.
__________________1. Gold jewelries are shiny.
__________________2. Chalk is breaks easily.
__________________3. Jena accidentally broke the vase of red roses.
__________________4. Copper is used in electrical wiring at home.
__________________5. Henry bought 10 galvanized iron for their roof.

List 5 metals and non-metals found at home and relate its property to its uses.