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6,anactarr

AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual

AUTOFLIGHT
1. GENERAL
The automaticflight control system (AFCS)
supplies the tweaxis autopilot, the flight
directors,and attitudecorrection.
Also included in this chapter is the integrated
avionics processorsystem(IAPS). The IAPS
operatesas a data concentratorfor the avionics
systems,and suppliesthe housingfor the flight
controlcomputers(FCC).TheFCCsarethe two
primary componentsof the AFCS.

FCCs(theprimarycomponents
of
theAFCS)(2)
Maintenancediagnosticcomputer
(MDC) (1).

2. DESCRIPTION
A. Automatic Flight Control System
The AFCS supplies two primary modes
of operation:
Automatic control of the aircraft control
surfaces(autopilot)
Flight guidancecommandswhich the
flight crew usesto control the aircraft
(flight director).
B. Speedand Attitude Correction
TheAFCS suppliesspeedandattitudecorrection
through the Mach trim function and the yaw
dampingsystem.
C. Integrated Avionics ProcessorSystem
The IAPS operatesasa dataconcentratorfor the
avionicssystems.Itis a cardcagewhichholdsthe
line replaceable
units(LRU) that follow:
Powersupplies(4)
(IOC) (a)
Input/outputconcenfrators
Configurationstrappingunits (CSU) (2)

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canada,r
AvionicVElectrical
Maintenance
TraininsManual

AUTOMATIC FLIGTIT CONTROL SYSTEM
1. GBNERAL
The AFCS is an integrated autopilot/flight
director.The AFCS supplie,sdual independent
yaw dampers,dual indepenclent
flight directors,
a tweaxis auto-pilot, andautomaticpitch trim.

2. COMPONENT DETAILS
Referto Figure9.
FCC 1

A. Flight Control Computer

POWEFSUPPLY14

TheFCCis theprimarycoml)onentof theAFCS.
It suppliesthe flight director,the yaw damper,
and autopilot functions.There are two FCCs
installedin the IAPS card cage.The IAPS is
installedon the left side o1'the main avionics
The FCC I cardis installedin the
comparfinent.
guadrant1A.FCC
left sideof theIAPScardcag,3,
2 is installedin the right sidt:,quadrant2A.
The IAPS hasa front coverlvhich attachesto the
cardcagewith turnlockfast:ners.The FCC is a
module which moves into the card cage,and
atthetopandthe
locksintopositionwithtwotnbs
bottom.The FCC hasan elt:ctricalconnectorat
the rearwhich mateswith a c'onnectorin thecard
cage.
EachFCC operatesfrom re1;ulatedDC voltages
supplied by an IAPS porver supply that is
installedin the samequadrantas the FCC that it
supplies. The power supplies operate
of eachother.If powersupply1A
independently
fails, FCC I doesnot opera.e,but FCC 2 is not
affected.The DC voltagesirrclude:
+5 volts DC
+12voltsDC
-12 voltsDC
+28voltsDC.

TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY

POWERSUPPLY
24
e

roc 2A

@
c

g

NOTE:
The IAPSis shownwith
the frontcoverremoved.
Theviewis rotated180degrees.

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a
a

TAPSAND FCC- LOCATION/RECOGNITION
FIGIJRE9

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c,anactatr
AvionicVElectrical MaintenanceTrainins Manual

B. FCC Interfaces
Refer to Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12,
Figure13,andFigure14.
The FCCs interfacewith other systemsthrough
the input/output concentator (IOC) modules
locatedin theIAPS.TherearefourlOCs, twoper
side,oneperquadrant.
ThenvoIOCson thesame
sideareredundant.Thus,a failureof onehasno
effect on FCC operations.

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Feb l3l95

TraininsManual
Avionics/Electrical
Maintenance

COPILOT

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FCC-4000
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COMPUTER

FCG4000
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM- INTERFACE OVERVIEW
FIGURE 10

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Feb 13/95

PTACH EI.ilI LEFTAHRS I l-^"Fl Rrcr{rAHRS I I I FTUODER SUFIFACE POS RUDDER SUBFACE POS AII€FICNSUBFrcE PO€ ALEFPN SUFFACE POS EIEI/ATOBSURFACEPOS EI.4000 FLIGHTCONTROL COMPUTER I PwB4ooo I I POWER I FCC-4000 FUGHT CONTROL COMPUTEH l-esru-l l.EF}CN S€Ftr/O MOTOB B ALErcN SEBVPTACH AII€BON SEFIVO TACH S ALERON SERVO EBBOR AIIEFI3N SEFIVO EBF}38 AILEFPN SER!r'O MOTOR VOL AII..r AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTrainins Manual PILOT COPILOT (B) DCP-4ooo DISPI.anacta.EVATOR SURFACE POS loc4ooo (A1) I/OCONCENTRATOR loc4ooo (A2) I/OCONCENTBATOR (B1) roc-4ooo loO.AY CONTROL PANEL (B) DCP-4ooo DISPISYCONTROL PANEL ARP-/|()m(B) AIR DATAREF PANEL l-l I I PlrvR4ooo I PowER I I-W-J (B) ARP-4ooo AIR DATAREF PANEL FCC.E.EVATOB SEFIVO E-Fr'ATOBSEB\.4ooo(82) I/OCONCENTRATOR hO CONCENTRATOR AII..EBON SEFIVO MOTOR VOLTS EI.EVATOF SEB\O MOTOB B EI€VATOBSERTO TACH B ELF/ATOBSEBVO ERrcB SIGML DATATYPE KFT ANALOG SIGNAL ELB/ATOB SEFI\O MOTOB VOL TB|M I TBIM RA]E 6 o YD YD POSITION DRIVE svL-4000 LINEARSERVO a YD YD POSITTON DRTVE svL-4000 LINEARSEHVO N st Y d ot x x 6 N AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM .ANALOG INTEREACE FIGURE 11 TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page36 Feb13/95 .

-l uerenns I f FCPTO FCC SEBIALBI.CHANNELBUS //"G\\ qv SIGML DATAWPE KEY SEBIALBt'S /.JS FCCTO FCP SERIALBIJS AHCTO F@ SERIALBUS AHCTO FCC SERIALBUS I rnnronururI loc-4ooo(81) l/O CONCENTRATOR PWR4ooo I POWER I l-sry-l fFl I nrarnnnns I I Dcu4ooo(n I IDATACONCEN{ (L) | I Dcuntooo IDATACONCEN-I loc-4ooo(A1) l/OCONCENTRATOR I I t@lu rocToFcc locTo F@ SEFIIAL BUS FCCTOrOC SERIALBUS locTo Fcc SERIALBUS roc4ooo(A2) SEFIIALBUS FCCTOtOC SEBIALBUS I/O CONCENTRATOR tocTo Fcc toc4ooo (82) I/OCONCENTMTOR SEBIAL BUS X-CI-IiANNEL BUS X.SERIAL BUS INTERFACE DIAGRAM FIGIJRE12 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page37 Febl3l95 .JS FCP TO FCC SEBIAL BI. o lnncnnrr I I PrrcHTB|M I a li Y lsJ I ATRCRAFT I SVL*4O0O LINEARSERVO l-'iT.JS FCCTO FCP SERIALBI.\ w q.CFANNEL BUS X..a.canacta'r AvionicVElectricalMaintenance TrainingManual COPILOT PILOT (B) DCP-4o00 DISPLAYCONTFIOL PANEL DCP-4O00(A) DISPI-AYCONTFIOL PANEL (B) ARP-4ooo AIRDATAHEF PANEL ARP-/tooo(A) AIRDATAREF PANEL FCG4000 FLIGHTCONTROL COMPUTER FCG4000 FLIGHTCONTROL COMPUTER -l I I Pl/R4o0O I PowER I l---wE!r-l l.H"'l Ix r x 5 SVL-/IOOO LINEARSEFIVO N N E AUTOMANC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM.CHANNELBUS X.

anacta'r Avionics/ElectricalMaintenanceTrainine Manual COPILOT PILOT FCP-40@ FLIGHT CONTROL PANEL DCP-4ooo(A) DISPI-AYCONTROL PANEL (A) ARP-4Ooo AIB DATAREF PANEL t-- A/CPOWERBUSI -- [+- DCP-/tooo(B) DISPI-AYCONTROL PANEL ARP4ooo(B) AIB DATAREF PANEL DIMCTRLA DIM CTRL B +/-28VDCA +/-28VDC B +/-SVDCA +/-5\/DC B FCC-4000 FLIGHTCONTROL COMPUTER FCC'4mo FLIGHTCONTROL COMPUTER DC VOLTAGES POWER&SIGGND DCVOLTAGES POWER& SIG GND +A V SEFIVOBIAS +28 V SERVOBIAS SVO PVt/Fl+28V A SVO fftR+28V B SVO P1A'R GND SVO PV1/R +28VA SVO PVtR +28V B SVO PWFIGND ----l ----1 I PwR-4oooI PowER I SUPPLY I \ -- -+l | ATRCRAFTBIJS ) tcl ^.6.POWERINTERFACE DIAGRAM FIGIJRE13 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page38 Feb 13/95 ."* I | RrGFnAHRs I DCU4mo(UI IDATAcoNcEN-l I TRAToRUNITI (D I I Dcu4ooo LEFTAHRS I I I I IDATACONCEN{ I TRATORUNITI (41) IOC-/tooo UOCONCENTMTOR loHooo(A2) I/OCONCENTMTOR toc4ooo (82) I/OCONCENTMTOR roc-4000(B1) CONCENTRATOR SIGMLDATATYPE KEY POWER N e o e ut Y oo. svL4000 LINEARSEFVO --J E o r-- a AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM .

i LOGIC i' I svL-4000 UNEARSEFIVO N E AUTOMATC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM_ DISCRETEINTERFACE DIAGRAM FIGURE 14 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page39 Feb l3l95 .-{fFdmFrla .r YD ENGAGE F .l YD MONITOR YD ENGAGE OTHEBYD ENGAG 9) o- srerunlonrnwpe rEv f..EanaE arr AvionicVElectricalMaintenance TrainineManual FCP40@ FLIGHT CONTROL PANEL PILOT DCP4ooo(A) DISPTAY CONTBOL PANEL HDGA COPILOT DCPnlooo (B) DISPTAYCONTBOL PANEL HDGB ALT SEL A ALT SEL B SPEEDA (B) ARP-4ooo AIRDATABEF PANEL SPEED IAS/MACH FCC{000 FUGHTCONTROL COMPUTER FCC-4000 FUGHT CONTROL COMPUTEB AP MONITOR AP ENG LB/ER AP MONITOB AP ENG LE1/ER II n^/Fffi] POWER lI suppr-v I POWEBVAUD CLUTCH t AILERON CLUTCH : POWERVALID I SUPPLY I ^r"* I I RGFrAHRS -r"* | I LEFTAHRS I I PWR*.-+l ..rt ntncnerr ltncnarr p-I I/O CONCENTMTOR TFIIMFAIL TRIMGND DOWN TRIMARM UP ---{''J95'l-fl"1- N YD MONITOR . si DISCRETE .*_-| I PowER I I I (R)| I DCU-4ooo I (L) | I DCU-4ooo IDATACONCEN-I IDATACONCEN{ IJWESNIU LIEAIgUIU roc4ooo(41) toc-4ooo(A2) YOCONCENTRATOB l/O CONCETJTMTOR (Bl) roc-4ooo roc-4om(Ba @ I/lCCONCENTMTOR TRIM FAIL TRIMGNDDOWN TRIMARM UP -.YD ENGAGE IYD ENGAGEI P A N E LF .

The IAPS includesthe modulesthatfollow: Cardcage(l) IoCs (4) Powersupplies(4) CSUs(2) FMCs (2) FCCs(2) MDC (1).These avionicsmodulessupplyfour primaryfunctions asfollows: Data concentrationand distribution (input/output) Flight control Flight management Maintenance diagnostics.Avionics/ElectricalMaintenanceTrainine Manual C. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page4O Feb l3195 . The IAPS is a setof avionicsmoduleswhich are all installedin the samephysicalhousing. Integrated AvionicsProcessorSystem Referto Figure15.

anactarr' TrainingManual Maintenance Avionics/Electrical STRAPPING CENTRALIZED UNIT CARDCAGE INPUT/OUTPUT 1B CONCENTRATOR ENVIRONMENTAL 1 CONTROLLER POWERSUPPLY1B FLIGHTCONTROL ooMPUTER(FCC1 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER POWERSUPPLY1A MAINTENANCE DIAGNOSTIC COMPUTER LIGHTNING/HIRF MODULE(L) PROTECTTON 28 POWERSUPPLY INPUT/OUTPUT 1A CONCENTRATOR FLIGHT EMENT COMPUTER LIGHTN!NG/HIRF (R) MODULE PROTECTTON o IRONMENTAL o 2 t CONTROLLER INPUT/OUTPUT 2A CONCENTRATOR N o q \ INPUT/OUTPUT 28.c. CONCENTRATOR 24 POWERSUPPLY NOTE Viewrotated18d @t FLIGHTCONTROL ooMPUTER(FCC)2 o o N CENTRALIZED STRAPPTNG UN|T E SYSTEM_ LOCATION/RECOGNMON INTEGRAIED AVIONICSPROCESSOR FIGURE 15 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page4l Feb 13/95 .

anacta'r TrainingManual AvionicVElectricalMaintenance D. The panel is secured with four turnlock fasteners and has two rear electrical connectorswhich supply the electrical interface with the other AFCS components. TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page42 Feb l3195 .g. Ftight Control Panel Refer to Figure 16. The Flight Control Panel(FCP) is usedto control the autopilot and/or flight director functions. It is also used to rnodify some indications shown on the electronic flight instruments. The FCP is installed in the glareshieldwhere it is accessible to both pilots. The FCP has the following controls: Lateral and vertical mode selection switches Vertical speed(VS/pitch wheel Autopilot switches Flight director switches Coursecontrol knob Speed control knob Altitude conffol knob Heading contol knob.

Y F: o ot o E AFCS CONTROL PANELS_ LOCATION/RECOGNTNON FIGURE 16 TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page43 Feb 13/95 .utr coNrRoLPANEL @ @@ E[E* @ vewDAMPERPANEL a o o g.r TrainineManual AvionicVElectricalMaintenance & = t..Eanacta.

VS/pitchwheel In VS mode. SPEEDswitch SPEED(outerknob) Selectsand deselectsthe IAS or the Mach mode selection.Theselights are modeindicators. Used to changethe selectedheading referencevalue. FCC I makes theleftlightcomeon.the FCP sends a requestsignalto both FCCs. ALT switch AIJT (outerknob) Selects and deselectsaltitude hold mode. Four independentRS-422 busestransfermode and annunciatorinformation betweenthe FCC and the FCP. TURB switch Selectsand deselectsturbulence mode. The FCP provides bright/dim TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY panel lighting behind the pushbuttonswitch legends and behind a pair of locator arcs surrounding each knob on the panel. APENG switch Engagesand disengagesthe autopilot. PUSIVCANCEL(innerknob) Used to cancel the altitude alerts. IAS/MACH (innerknob) Toggles between IAS and Mach mode. they send an acknowledgesignal to the FCP which makesthe lights comeon. PUSH/DIRECT(innerknob) Usedto makea directcourseselection. In pitch mode. AP DISC bar Disengages theautopilot.it is usedto changethe vertical speedreferencevalue while the VS switch is pushed.If the FCCsfind that conditionsarecorrectfor the selectedmode. NAV switch Selectsand deselectsnavisation mode.andFCCZmakestheright light come on. VS switch Selects and deselectsvertical speedmode. 22-00-00 Page44 Feb l3195 .canad. Whena modeswitch is selected. C0NTROLKNOB CRS(1 and2) (outerknob) Changesthe selectedcoursereferencevalue(CRS I changesthe pilot's side coursereference.Therearetwo busesfor eachFCC: one for transmitting.onefor receivingdata. Used to changethe selectedspeedreferencevalue.arr TrainingManual AvionicVElectrical Maintenance FCPcontol knobshavepushbuttonswitchesin the center. PUSHSYNC (innerknob) The heading markers on the PFDs and MFDs are synchronized to the current aircraft heading. Therearetwo lights adjacentto the sidesof each modeswitch.andCRS2 changesthe copilot'ssidecoursereference). FD switch Usedto removethe flight director guidancecommandsfrom the PFD on the uncoupledside. Used to change the preselected altitude reference value. 1/2BANK switch Selectsand deselectshalf bank mode.Their functionsareasfollows: FUNCTION swITcH. B/C switch Selectsanddeselects backcoursemode.it is usedto adjustthepitch altitude. HDG switch HDG (outerknob) Selectsand deselectsheading mode. XFR swirch Switches flight guidancecommandsfrom left to right side and vice versa. APPRswitch Selectsand deselectsapproachmode.

AvionicV8lectrical Maintenance TrainincManual THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK TRAINING REI'ERENCEOI{LY 22-00-00 Page45 Feb 13195 .

Autopilot Disconnect Switch Referto Figure17.anad.Onepoleof each switchis connected in serieswith onepoleof the other.Since the two remainingpoles are each connectedto a separateFCC. pushingeither AP DISC commandsboth FCCs to disengagethe autopilot. The yaw damperpanelis installedin the center pedestal.Thereis also a momentarypushbutton switchto disengage the yaw dampermode. Theyawdamperpanel hastwo momentarypushbuttonswitchesto engageeachchannelof yaw damper.a.r' AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTrainine Manual E. The autopilot disconnect switches are the primary means of disengagingthe autopilot. F. They are installedon the front outboardhom of eachcontrolwheelandlabeledAP DISC.6.A rear electricalconnector suppliesthe electricalinterfacewith the FCCs and the yaw damperlinear actuators. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page46 Feb13/95 . Theswitchesaredouble-poled. Yaw Damper Panel Referto Figure17.It is attachedto the pedestalwith four furnlock fasteners.

Copilot'scontrol wheelis samebutwith switchlocationon right handoutboardside. GO-AROUND SWITCHES @ t"o*t FLIGHTDIRECTOR SYNCSWITCH o e I : at Y E ol x x 6 @ nean N E _ LOCATION AFCSEXTERNAL CONTROL SWTTCTIES FIGURE 17 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page47 Feb 13/95 .canactarr TrainineManual Avionics/Electrical Maintenance CK PUSHER AUTOPI LOT/STI SWITCH DISCONNECT NOTE Pilot'scontrolwheel is shown.

TheAFCS sendssignalsto the linear actuatorsto move the rudder.i o ol o o o 8 N a E AFCS LINEAR ACTUATOR FIGURE 18 22-00-00 Page48 Feb 13/95 . Pressingthe gearound switch producesone of the following: Generatesa fixed pitch-up command Maintainswings level (ground)/heading memory(air) Initiateswindshearrecoveryguidance whenlow altitudewindshearis detected Automaticdisengageof the autopilot. H.one eachfor the pilot and copilot. a ball-screw output ram. Therefore.and a linear variabledifferential transducer(LVDT).canacta'r AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual G. The flight directors are synchronizedto the aircraftverticalandlateralreferenceswheneither switchis pushedandtheautopilotis notengaged.with a pole of eachswitchin parallelwith theotherswitch. Go-Around Switch Referto Figure17. a motor-driven solenoidbrake. Therearetwo flight directorSYNCswitches. Flight Director SYNC Switch Referto Figure17. o d Yaw Damper Linear Actuators g o Referto Figure18.They are double-poled. a I. There are two switches located on the throttle levers. The switchesare installedon the outboardside of each control wheel. TRAINING REFERENCEONLY E D c.The actuators areinstalledin the vertical stabilizer.Eachlinear actuatorhas a DC torque motor. onefor eachyaw damperchannel.The remainingpoleof eachswitchis connectedto an FCC.pushing a single gearound switchcommandsboth FCCs.There are two linear actuators.

It is installedin theverticalstabilizerand positions aircraft control surfaces in the pitch axis.canacta'r Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TraininsManual J. ot\. The primary servosand their mountsprovide precisedrive mechanismsfor controlling the displacement of the aileronandelevatorcontrol surfaces.anda precisionmultistagegeartain.an electricalengage clutch. P E & E AFCS SERVOS FIGURE 19 TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page{{ Feb13/95 .Theassemblyis installedin the RH main wheelwell. The aileron servo consistsof a primary servo whichattaches to a servomount. Elevator Servo Referto Figure19.The servosffanslateelectricalinputs from the FCC into confrolled rotational mechanicaloutputto the surfaces. The units consistof a permanentmagnetDC motor. The servo mount suppliesan easymethodto removeand install the servo without interferencewith the aircraftrigging. The elevatorservo is the sameas the aileron servo. Aileron Servo Referto Figure 19.a dual rate generator. The AFCS sendssignalsto the aileron servoto movetheaileroncontol surfacesin the roll axis. o s = st Y d 5. The servomount consistsof an overridesafetyslip clutchanda capstanwhichconnectstheservoto the aircraft control surfaces. K.

The servoand trim commandsfrom the main processorare ouput directly to the servoloop. The selectedflight directorcommandsaresentto the attitudeloops in bothcomputers.6.It then outputsdata back to the common memory area for serial transmission by theVO processor. The VO processorindependentlymonitorsraw attitudeand trim rate datafor excessiveaircraft responseor malfunctioningtrim responseand openshardwareswitchesin theservoloopor trim circuitry to halt any malfunctioningcommands from the mainprocessor.voted. Each FCC containsa main processorand an input/outputprocessor(VO processor). whereidenticalcomputations are performedusing the datafrom independent setsof sensors. analog. The pilot's flight director commands are computedin theleft FCC andthecopilot'sin the right FCC. TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page50 Feb13/95 . The VO processoracceptsserial.The main processorperforms all the control laws and operationalcomputations. Theyare thencompared.anactarr' AvionicVElectricalMaintenance TrainineManual Referto Figure20.Using two different processorsprovides dissimilar softwareandhardwareredundancyfor protecting the aircraftfrom hazardous faults. The crew selectsone set of flight directorcommands to becoupledto theautopilot by settingthe XFER pushbuttonswitch on the flight control panel (FCP).andtorquelimited before beingappliedto the servomotor.and discreteinputdataandstoresit in a memoryarea accessibleto the main processor. Theaileronandelevatorservocommands in each FCCaresentto theanalogservoloop wherethey are mixed with independentsenro position signalsderivedfrom servotachometers.

Y :o l R 6 o & N E FCC ARCHITECTURE.fl oodl FN lt :tl oz= :th (/)oo foe 5f' -o rrrrrrrr r---r------ vra fl dtm o l ( D:rt :t! f ao tro o o I co $ :tF o af m oo o IL o ! : g.BLOCK DIAGRAM FIGURE 20 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page51 Feb 13/95 .canacta'r Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainineManual o tr UJ U) IL E5 vz ao fr> a I I I I I I I I I I I I I I t t I I I I I I I I I I I I I I ! I ! I I I s$ =a F o tr o F z o = tL = o lU J UJ I I I I I I I I I I I ! I I I I I t I I I I I I I I I I I I I I a I t I I I I ! I I I I I t I I I I I I I I u. Y o o Y z co J E o F z o ko o a lt (L J o tr:*ft OE '_^m xo tro otu aza @@o f.

andchangeto basicpitch androll displays. Automatic Ftight Control System Referto Figure21. When in the flight director mode.the AFCS suppliesvisual commandbarsto the PFDs.It also suppliescontrol signalsto the horizontalstabilizertrim controlunit (HSTCU).a vertical speed.andan altimde Seta navigation.the flight control systemprovidescommandsto do thefollowing: Hold a desiredattitude Maintain a pressurealtitude Hold a verticalspeed When the flight directoris activated.the pilot manually flies the aircraft in response to commandsdisplayed on the PFDs command bars.heading. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY Attitudeheadingreferencesystem(AHRS) (IRS option) Radioaltimeter Actuatorpositionsensors. When engaged. 22-00-00 Page52 Feb13/95 . The APS-4000 is a digital autopilot system designed for automatic control of high performance airplanes. it maneuversthe aircraft while the pilot monitors the flight path by observing information displayedby the flight instrumentsystem.The flight crew usesthesecommandsto manually control the aircraft. GS) Captureand track a lateral navigation course(flight management systemtFlvISl generated) Maintain a wings level.theflight crewcanusetheFCPto do these functions: Seta courseandgo to the activenavigation source Setandhold a selectedairspeed.The AFCS usesthis sensordatato supplyflight directorguidanceor autopilotcontrol. The AFCS uses sensordata to calculatethe applicableflight path data. OPERATION A.or approach mode Removeflight directorcuesfrom the PFD.It getssensorinformationfrom the systemsandcomponents thatfollow: Hold a Mach number Air datasystem(ADS) Hold an indicatedairspeed Navigationsystems Captureand maintaina preselected barometricallycorrectedaltitude Instument landingsystems Captureand track a preselectedheading Captureand track a preselectedradio course(VOR. LOC.Whethertheautopilotis engagedor not. TheAFCSsendsconffolsignalsto theaileronand elevator servos and the yaw damper linear actuators. fixed pitch-up attitudefor gearound Windshearescapeguidance. TheAFCSsuppliesinputsignalsto theelectonic flight instrumentsystem(EFIS) and the engine indicationandcrewalertingsystem(EICAS).anaEtalr AvionicVElecrical Maintenance TraininsManual 3. When the autopilot is disengaged.E.

.'.1..d. .-r E nll l.6.1$"? .al JE.anaE arr' AvionicVElectricalMaintenance TraininsManual .'i U) uJ F uJ (r () 9. o LEFT I CHANNELI nrcHr CHANNEL TRIMMOTOR AFCS.t FLIGHT CONTROL PANEL .:' :TEE F n:n *fH # '.BLOCK DIAGRAM FIGURE21 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page53 Feb 13/95 .. . I -r* --F- & sl.

Ftight Control Panel Referto Figure22 andFigure23.When the elevator servofinds that it holdsoff a thresholdtorque. airspeed. If the autopilotis engaged. TheFCChasservoamplifiercircuitswhichsend a motor drive signal to one side of eachof the servos.(1A is primary. Thecontrolsignalsare from the FCP.It alsomonitorspitch trim rate feedback. TheFCPalsoincludestheautopilotengagelogic. andtheturbulencefunctions. it sends flight guidancecommandsto the PFDs.and the yaw damperpanel.the transfer.Each modesendscontrolsignalsto thelinearactuators (yaw damper)to automaticallyconhol for dutch roll and turn coordination. These circuits also monitor the rate feedbackinputs from eachseryo. The pitch TRIM ARM and command oulputs help control the aerodynamicforces that the primary seryohasto hold.Thus.In alsosinglemodeselections addition. As the elevatorsmove to adjustthe trim. TheFCPletstheflight crewengagethedutopilot (with theAP ENG pushbuttonswitch)if at least oneyaw damperis engaged.If theconditions arecorrect. Flight Control Computer The softwarein the FCC suppliesthe flight directorand autopilotfunctionsfor the AFCS.In the flight director mode.Thesefunctionsare (sentto eachFCC).the automatic pitch trim function operates.A trim circuit sendsarm andcommandlogic to one channelof thepitch trim system. The FCP is a single mode selectpanel.The feedbacksignalsare from the primary servosandthe left yaw damper linear actuator. ADS l.The FCC then sendsa controlsignalto theHSTCUto adjustthe horizontalstabilizer.)FCC I getsthis sensor data from the pilot's side navigationsystems. andAHRS/IRSl. TheFCPgetsdiscretedisengage signalsfrom the externalswitchesthat follow: Go-aroundswitches(pilot's andcopilot's) Autopilot disconnectswitches(pilot's and copilot's) Manualpitch-trim switches(pilot's and copilot's) Stallprotectioncomputer. Each FCC operatesthe same way but FCC 2 receives sensordata from the systemson the copilot's side through the IAPS IOCs (2A primary.control signals. the flight director pitch command. the servosmakerate feedback signalswhich are sentto the monitor circuits in eachFCC. whentheflight crewmakesaflight directormode selection(whena pushbuttonswitchis pushed).ttre AFCS discreteswitches.it sendsthis informationto the FCC.28 backup). A secondcondition for engagementis that the FCC continuous self-monitorfinds no failures.Eanactarr AvionicVElectrical MaintenanceTrainins Manual B.Each FCC also gets crosstalk from the otherFCC. flight pathandflight parameters attitude).A third condition for engagement is thatthe FCC finds no failures in thepitch trim system. lB is backup. When the autopilot is engaged.and feedbacksignalsthroughthe IAPS IOCs. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY C.it sendscontrol signalsto the primary servos(aileron and elevator). FCC I receivessensordata. thatrequestis sentto eachFCC.anacknowledge signalis sentbackto the FCP. and navigationdatait getsto calculatetheapplicable (speed. The FCC uses the altitude.theFCPsuppliesclutch(engage)power to theaileronandelevatorservos.heading. 22-00-00 Page54 Febl3l95 .

BLOCK DIAGRAM FIGIJRE 22 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page55 Feb 13/95 .PILOT'S SIDE AP ENG AP DIS TURB AP XFR . COPILOT'S SIDE CONTROLPANEL DISPLAY .c. FLIGHTCONTROL DC ESSENTIAL (|APSLEFr) PANEL DCBUS2 (rAPSRrcri'r) o o N E FLIGHT CONTROL PANEL .anactarr AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual SPEEDSELECT KNOB AIR DATAREFERENCE PANEL-PILOT'SSIDE "-ff ALTSELECT KNOB AIRDATAREFERENCE SIDE PANEL-COPILOT'S --tr CRS1 KNOB CRS2 KNOB HDGKNOB trfr trfr CONTROLPANEL DISPLAY . LEFTFD RIGHTFD ALT HDG NAV 1/2BANK SPEED VS PITCHA/S WHEEL APPR B/C FLIGHT CONTROL COMPUTER (FCC1) FLIGHT CONTROL COMPUTER (FCC2) DCBUS2 (IAPSRIGHTAFCS) DC ESSENTIAL (IAPSLEFTAFCS) INTEGRATED AVIONICS PROCESSOR SYSTEM INTEGRATED AVtONICS PROCESSOR SYSTEM Q o ut x o' o.

anacta.E.r AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual I o N= aa trF oiJ lU tr 6 FF F Eq =dl 6i o$) a= 63 sA FLIGTTTCONTROL PANEL FIGURE 23 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page56 Feb 13/95 .

The courseselectionon the side which is in operation is used by the navigation mode. The FD switch on the coupled side has no function. The TURB switch engagesthe turbulencemode which decreasesthe autopilot gains when there are turbulent flight conditions.The direct courseis the direct line to the selected station with no corrections for winds. The CRS 2 knob is used to make the copilot's course selection.This switch bar controls toggle switches which disconnect the aileron and elevator servo clutches.or the opposite.as shown on the right PFD. TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page57 Feb 13/95 . The remaining switches and knobs on the FCP are used for selection of the flight director modes and for control of these modes. First.anactatr Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TraininsManual The FCP also lets the flight crew disengagethe autopilot in one of two ways. With the FD switch the flight crew can remove the flight director guidancecommandsfrom the PFD on the uncoupledside (push the applicable FD switch). The XFR pushbuttonswitch on the FCP changes the flight guidance commands from the pilot's channelto the copilot's channel. as shown by the current navigation source.It is necessaryfor the switch bar to be in the up position to engagethe autopilot. Second.c. There are two course control knobs on the FCP. as shown on the left PFD. The pilot's side is the default side. the autopilot can be disengagedby a second push of the AP engage switch. the disengage can be accomplishedwith the AP DISC switch bar. The CRSI knob is used to make the pilot's course selection. The PUSTVDIRECT pushbutton switch in the CRS knob causes the course pointer and the digital value on the PFD to show the direct course to the tuned VOR station. The coursecontrol knobs adjustthe coursesetting in relation to the active course.

The gearound is switchis alsousedto initiate windshearescapeguidanceduring low altitude windsheardetectionconditions. Machspeed. The ADI displaystheflight guidancecommands bars and flight director mode status.Theyawdamperfunctionis notchanged. In an airbornecondition.SYNC switch is operated. The lateral and vertical go-around modes are clearedby engagingthe autopilot.verticalspeed. and pitch angle. or if a differentlateralmode is selected. The flight directors are synchronizedto the aircraft vertical and lateral referencesthat are currently being flown.A vertical gearound mode is disengaged whentheautopilotis engaged. The SYNC switch has no function when the autopilotis engaged.when the switchis pushed.altitude hold.Someof theinformation displayedon the PFD which the flight director usesfor someof its modesis asfollows: Selectedairspeed Referto Figure 17. This switch disengagesthe autopilot function. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY Coursepointerreadout Selectedheadingbug Selectedheadingbug vector Digital selectedheading. theFCC suppliesa commandin the laleral mode to holdtheheadingatthemomentofagearound selection.when the switch is pushed.The selectedairspeedfield range from 4Oto 400knotsin increments of I knot. SelectedAirspeed Selectedairspeedis shownby a magentanotched block placedon theairspeedscale. Flight Director SYNC Switch Referto Figure17. After takeoff.Thedigits preceded are by the same box pointer that is presented on the airspeed scale for selected airspeed. the FCC suppliesheadinghold steeringcommands. Visual Indications Referto Figure24.or if there is an automatic captureof a different vertical mode.In an on-the-groundcondition. The flight crew usually use this switch to disengage the autopilot.Eanactarr Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainingManual D. 22-00-00 Page58 Feb l3l95 .the autopilot is disengaged andall otherflight directormodesare cleared.The synchronizedlateral referencesinclude the bank angle and heading memoriesof roll mode. The vertical references includeIAS.the FCC suppliesa wings level commanduntil takeoff. n GeAround Switch whenthe A lateralgearound modeis disengaged autopilotis engaged. or by selection of any other flight directormode.SYNC switch operation. SelectedAirspeedField The selectedairspeedfield providesa three-digit readout. Flight guidanceannunciationis providedon the PFD attitudedirectionindicator(ADD andHSI. Autopilot DisconnectSwitch Referto Figure17. Preselectaltitudereference When go-around is selected. E.The selectedairspeedfield is magenta. Selectedairspeedfield This switch is usedto supplya fixed pitch-up command in the vertical mode for either an on-the-ground or an airborne condition. G.The HSI provides navigation source annunciationand navigationinformation.

STATUS INDICATORS LATERALMODE (ARMED) GLIDESLOPE INDICATION DR rLOGI -ST 250 IALTS GS VERTICAL MODES (ARMED) I-ATERALMODE (cAPTURED) VERTICAL MODE (oAPTURED) AUTOPILOTSTATUS INDICATOR FLIGHT-DIRECTO INDICATOR YAW.c.DAMPER D]SENGAGE !NDICATOR ELEVATOR MISTRIM INDICATOR AILERONMISTRIM INDICATOR FLIGHT-DIRECTOR COMMANDBARS PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY FIGURE 24 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page59 Feb l3l95 .anaEtarr Avionics/Electrical TraininsManual Maintenance AUTOPI LOTOPERATIONAL.

Symbolog5r The referencealso consists of four parallel horizontallinesplacedon thealtitudetapecoarse andfine scales. Cross-. only displayedwhenthe selectedheadingbug is not in view or during the time the headingknob is rotatedand thereafterfor 3 seconds.6.singlebar arrow pointing to the angularposition on the compassrose correspondingto the selected course.but canbe yellow or cyan.the flight directorsymbologyconsistsof a V-shapedsingle cue symbol. theflight directorsymbologyconsistsof a split cuesymbol. Flight Director Symbology The preselectaltitudefield providesa five-digit readoutandis displayedabovethe altitudetape. The color of the coursepointer/readout matches thenavigationsourceannunciationcolor.the yellow letters SYNC are displayedabove the armedmodeson thePFD.A red WINDSIIEAR message is displayed if the WINDSHEAR WARNING discreteis active.Thismessage is displayedatthe bottom of the ground raster. SelectedHeading Bug Vector Theflight directorsymbologypresentspitchand roll guidanceand selectedmodeinformationto thepilot. notched block placed on the periphery of the compassrose. It rangesfrom -1000 to 50 000 feet. The coursereadout rangeis from 001to 360in l-degreeincrements. The flight director transfer annunciation comes on wheneverthe offsideflight directorinformation is displayed. Selectedcourse is displayedin a three-digit readoutprefixed by CRS. Flight Director Flag The flight directorflag consistsof thered letters FD displayedto the left and below the aircraft symbol on the PFD. The flag comeson when either the flight director pitch or roll data becomesinvalid. TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page60 Feb l3l95 .dashedline is displayed. The PFD displays an amber WINDSHEAR message if the WINDSIIEAR CAUTION discreteis active. SelectedHeading Bug The selectedheadingbug consistsof a magenta.If a crosspointeraircraftsymbolis selected.originatingat the center of the compassarc and extending radially towardthe selectedheading.a magenta. Synchronization Whenthe selectedheadingbug is offthe scale. Digitat SelectedHeading lVindshear Selectedheadingis displayedin a three-digit field prefixed by IIDG. just above radio altitude.The preselectaltitudereferences disappearbehindthealtitudetapewindowasthey moveoff the scale. The preselectaltitudedigits and referencesare normallymagenta.anaEtarr AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual PreselectAltitude Reference H.SideFlight Director Source Theflight directortransferannunciationconsists of the grcen letters FDI or FD2.Theflight directorsymbology is double-strokedmagenta. CoursePointer Readout Selectedcourseis displayedby a solid. The digital selected headingreadoutrange is from 001 to 360 in Digital selectedheadingis l-degree increments. Wheneverthe SYNC switch is operated. SteeringCommands The flight director symbology is selectable betweena V-shapedsinglecueor split cue. or if directedby the FCC.The flightdirectorflagstatusis alsoannunciated with a statusmessage on EICAS.If a singlecue aircraftsymbolis selected.

Flight Control System Mode Annunciation Capture and Armed Modes All flight control system capture (current) and armed (next) modesare annunciatedon the PFD. The lateral capture annunciator is capable of displaying the following annunciations: TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY ROLL Roll hold (basicmode) HDG Heading select LOCI LOCI capture LOC2 LOC2 captue B/Cl BackcourseLOCI capture Btc2 voRl voR2 BackcourseLOC2 capture FMS FMS capture FMSI FMSI capture FMS2 FMS2capture GA Go around TO Take-off VORI capture VOR2 capture The lateral armed annunciator is capable of displaying the following annunciations: DEFINITION ANNUNCIATION LOCl LOC1ARM LOCZ LOC2ARM B/C1 BACK COURSELOCI ARM BACK COURSE LOCa ARM VORI ARM Btc2 voRl voR2 VOR2 ARM FMS FMS ARM FMSI FMSI ARM FMS2 FMS2ARM Vertical Mode Annunciation The vertical mode annunciation is divided into two sectionsas follows: Vertical capture Vertical armed. All mode transitions. Lateral mode annunciationsare mutually exclusive.lateral captureand lateral armed.6. Loss of any or all FCC mode datais indicated by displaying a red bar through the affected lateral and/or vertical mode annunciation. The vertical capturemode annunciationis green and the vertical armed mode annunciationsare white. The lateral capture mode annunciation is green and the lateral armed mode annunciation is white. Lat er al M ode Annunciatio n The lateral modeannunciationis divided into two sections.anacta. The vertical mode annunciation is mutually exclusive.are annunciatedby flashing the new mode statefor 5 secondsbefore becoming steady.r' Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainineManual DEFINITION ANNUNCIATION An alpha basedpitch limit marker is displayed during a windshearwarning or windshearcaution alert below 1500 feet radio altitude. A cyanvertical line is displayedwhenevera flight control system mode annunciation is presentto separatethe armed field from the capture field. The pitch limit marker is displayed for a minimum of 60 seconds. The pitch limit marker is double-stroked yellow. Vertical modes appearbelow lateral modes and the capturemode in each axis is to the left of the armed modes.from armed to capture. 22-00-00 Page61 Feb13i95 .

X-reference vertical speedand *-up or down arrow) GS Glideslope ALT Altitude hold ALTS CAP Selectaltitude capture GA Go around*PITCH" GA/WS Escape guidance during windshear PTCH Pitch hold (basic mode) ALTS Selectaltitude track TO Escape guidance during windshear For the vertical armed annunciations.Eanacta'r Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainingManual The vertical captureannunciatoris capableof displayingthefollowing annunciations: ANNUNCIATION DEFTNITION IAS XXX IAS hold (where XXX=referenceIAS) MACH. When the autopilot is manually disengaged.including disengagescaused by manual pitch trim. The vertical armed annunciatoris capableof displayingthefollowing annunciations: ANNUNCIATION DEFINITION GS ILS GS armed ALTS Selectaltinrdearmed ALTS Select altitude abort (yellow flashing) I.x* Vertical speed (where X.the GS annunciationis mutually exclusiveand the two ALIS annunciations aremutuallyexclusive. a continuous aural cavalry charge is sounded. 22-00-00 Page62 Feb 13/95 .XX (where Mach mode .XX:reference Mach) vsx. The aural alert always soundsfor a minimum of 3 seconds. A white left or right arrow is displayed without the letters AP when the autopilot is disengaged. a yellow annunciationE enclosedin a yellow box is displayed. Manual disengages. Elevator Mistrim When the autopilot detects an elevator mistrim condition.an aural calvary charge is sounded for 3 seconds. If disengagement occurs. AutopilotAnnunciation Automatic pitch trim failure Autopilot takeoff warn annunciation Yaw damper annunciation. The aural alert can be cancelled by pressing the AP DISC pushbutton switch on either control wheel. Autopilot Engage/DisengageAnnunciation The autopilot engagement annunciation AP is displayed in steady green when the autopilot is engaged. the AP annunciationflashesin red. disengaging the yaw damper function and selecting go around when the autopilot is engaged. The autopilotannunciations areasfollows: Autopilot engage/disengage annunciation Elevatormistrim Aileron mistrim TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY Autopilot elevator mistrim conditions are also annunciatedwith a yellow caution messageon the EICAS when the PFD annunciationhas been displayed for 3 seconds. When the autopilot disengagesautomatically due to a failure detectedwithin the AFCS or due to the stall system initiating a stick pusher (during which the stall system also sends a disconnect signal to the AFCS).

. i. with the autopilot engaged.the voice message "config autopilot" is also generated. Autopilot aileron mistrim conditions are annunciatedwith a yellow caution messageon the EICAS when the PFD annunciationhasbeen displayed for 3 seconds. Automatic Pitch TFim Failure When the autopilot detects failure in the horizontal stabilizer trim system or within the internal AFCS pitch nim computations. Along with the red message.ayellow caution AP PITCH TRIM messageis displayed on the EICAS.symbols. location.white statusmessagesYD I INOP or YD 2 INOP are displayed on the EICAS. a yellow YD is displayed on the PFD. methods of activation and cancellation are summarizedin the following table: TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page63 Febl3l95 . a yellow A enclosedin a yellow box is displayed. When only one yaw damper is engaged. Autopilot Takeoff Warn Annunciation If the pilot attempts to take off.c. a red warning CONFIG AP messageis displayed on the EICAS.e. AnnunciationSummary The flight director annunciations.color. a yellow caution message is displayed on the EICAS. Also. Yaw Damper Annunciation When both yaw dampers are not engaged. J.anacta'r TraininsManual Avionics/Electrical Maintenance AileronMistrim Whenthe autopilotdetectsan aileronmistrim condition. N1>70 percent.

Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TraininsManual .{NNUNCIATION SYMBOL COLOR LOCATION Irft FCC FD Invalid FD I EAIL White EICAS Flag Red PFD No V-ban Right FCCFD Invalid ACTIVATED BY: CANCELLED BY: InvalidI-eft FD Valid Left FD InvalidRight FD ValidRight FD PFD FD 2 FAIL White EICAS Flag Red PFD No V-bars PFD Synchronization SYNC Yellowl PFD SeeFlight Director Functions SeeNote l SteeringCommandsin View Sleering command Magenta PFD Flight Directoron Flieht Directoroff Cross-sideFD Source FD2 Green Pilot'sPFD FDI Green Copilot'sPFD Flight Directoris displaying Flight Directoris displaying commandsgeneratedby commandsgenerated by otherflight guidancechannel sameflight guidancechannel White PFD Transfermodeis setand AP is not engaged Transfermodeis not setor AP disengaged Green PFD AP engagedandTransfer modeis set AP disengagedor Transfer modeis not set White PFD Transfermodeis not setand Transfermode is set or AP AP is not engaged disengaged Green PFD AP engagedand Transfer modeis not set AP disengagedor Transfer modeis set Right Arrow TransferMode kft Arrow SeeNote2 FCP Transfermodeis set Transfermodeis not set Lateral GrAround GA Green L:teral PFD freld I-ateralGeAround activation I:teral GeAround deactivation Vertical GeAround GA Green VerticalPFD field VerticalGeAround activation VerticalGo-Around deactivation Vertical GeAround. Windshearsubmode GA/WS Green VerticalPFD held Windshearsubmode activation Windshearsubmode deactivation Pitch Mode PTCH Green PFD3 Pitch mode activation Pitch mode deactivation Roll Mode ROLL Green PFd Roll mode activation Roll mode deactivation Heading Hold Mode ROLL Green PFD Heading Hold mode activation Heading Hold mode deactivation HeadingSelectMode HDG Green PFD Heading Select mode active Heading Select mode inactive Navigationmodearmed Navigation mode deselected SeeNote4 NavigationMode Armed FCP SeeNote5 White PFD lateral armedfield HDG Green PFD lateral capturefield SeeNote6 FCP NavigationMode Capture See Note 5 Green PFD lateral capturefield Navigationmodecapture Navigationmodedeselected DeadReckoning DR White PFD Deadreckoningoperation Not deadreckoning operation SeeNote7 White PFD lateral armedfield TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page64 Feb l3195 .

AvionicsiElectrical Maintenance TraininsManual ANNUNCIATION SYMBOL COLOR LOCATION ApproachMode Armed HDG Green SeeNote 8 PFD lateral capturefield ACTIVATEDBY: CANCELLEDBY: Approachmodearmed Approachmodedeselected or captured FCP ApproachMode Capture SeeNote 7 Green PFD lateral armedfield Approachmodecapture Approach mode deselected GlideslopeMode Armed GS White PFD vertical armedheld Glideslopemodearmed Approachmodedeselected or captured GlideslopeCapture GS Green PFD vertical capturefield Glideslopecapture Approach mode deselected See Note 7 White PFD lateral armedfield Back Coursemodearmed HDG Green PFD lateral capturefield Back Coursemode deselected or captured BackCourseMode Armed FCP See Note 9 Back CourseMode Capture See Note l0 Green PFD lateral field Approachmodecapture Back Coursemode deselected Half Bank Mode I/2 BNK White PFD Half Bank mode selected Half Bank mode deselected FCP See Note I I vslz Green Vertical SpeedMode SeeNote 13 MACHI4 Green SeeNote 15 Green SeeNote 15 Overspeed PFD vertical capture freld Mach mode selected Mach mode deselected PFD vertical capturefield IAS mode selected IAS mode deselected Overspeed conditionexists For IAS submode. For Mach submode.or Ovenpeed Altitude heselect Track AUTS Green PFD vertical capturefield Altitude preselecttrack Selectionor captureof anotherverticalmode Altitude Abort ALTS Flashing yellow PFD SeeNote 18 SeeNote 19 TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page 65 Feb 13/95 .Mach lessthen Mmo FCP Flashing yellow PFD FCP See Note 15 AUT deselected FCP IAS Mode IAS or MACH Vertical Speedmode selected VerticalSpeedmode FCP Mach Mode IASIb PFD vertical capturefield Green AltitudeHold Mode SeeNote 17 PFD vertical capturefield Altitude Hold mode active Altitude Hold mode deselected FCP AltitudePreselect Armed AUTS White PFD vertical armedfield Altitude Preselectarmed Altitude heselector Glideslopecapture Altitude Preselect Capture ALTS CAP Green PFD vertical capturefield AltitudePreselect capture Altitude Preselecttrack.IAS less thanVmo. Glideslopecapture.

4. Followedby a digital displayof the Mach rcferencevalue.Yellowaltitudereferencedigitscontinueto flashuntil thepreselect altitudeis changed.These continuoustestsinclude: ROM checksum RAM write-read The programmablehardwaretimers are loaded Pitch. The FCC continuously monitors the AFCS operation.VORI. FMS. Whenthe flight directoris on. 13.). Lights the indicatorsat the side of the XFER switch.whicheveris longer.with no failures. 5. 19. Lights theindicatonat the sideof the NAV switch. 8. Lightsthe indicatorsat the sideof the VS switch. etc. Whennot BackCoune. Lights the indicatorsat the side of HDG switch. 14. 16. 22-00-00 Page66 Feb 13/95 . 7. doesthe operationsthat follow: The two processors in the FCC arereset The RAM memoryis cleared The intemrpt vectorsfor the processorsare set The servocommandsareverified. LOC2. 10.WhenBackCourse. Followedby a digitaldisplayof the IAS referencevalue.Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainineManual ANNUNCIATION SYMBOL COLOR LOCATION ACTIVATED BY: CANCELLEDBY: NOTE: l.FMS. 17. Pulsesfor 3 secondsor for thedurationof the SYNC switchoperation. The autopilot cannot be engageduntil the power-up testsare complete. Thereis no annunciation whentheflight directoris off. etc. Lights the indicatorsat the sideof the APPR swirch. Clearingaltitudecapturewithouta subsequent selectionof altitudetrackor armed. 6. andyaw servocommand wraparound The serialinpuVoutputdataregistersare loaded Excessiveattitude/altitude rate The intemrptsareenabled(theprocessors then starttheir backgroundtasks) The monitorcircuitsareverified TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY Serialinput/outputwraparoundthroughthe crosschannelandpanelbuses Autopilotdisengage Yaw damperdisengage. Cancelsautomaticallyaftera timeoutperiod.B/Cl. etc. B/Cl. Monitor Functions The FCC has a 60 secondhardwarepower-up function which. Lights the indicatorsat the sideof the ll2 Bank switch. Messages identifythenavigationsource(VORl. Lightsthe indicatorsat the sideof the B/C switch.roll. followedby a digitaldisplayof the VS referencevalue. Lightsthe indicatorsat thesideof the ALI switch. K. 2. I l. etc. 9. 15. Lightsthe indicatorsat thesideof the SPEEDswitch.I-OC?. 12. 3. when the power is energized.in additionto its power-uptest. 18.

The FCC on the pilot's side (FCC 1) stops operation if there is an overheatcondition on the left side of the IAPS. If thereis anoverheatcondition.If beforeengagement apitchtrim failureis detected If is prevented.A failure conditionis definedas two consecutiverelated problemsof the sametype.E. L. but the autopilot function continuesto operate. The FCC on the copilot's side (FCC 2) stops operation if there is an overheatcondition on the right side.This is alsotruefor the yaw damperfunction. The other componentsof the AFCS do not have power-up testsor self-monitorfunctions.anactarr' AvionicVElectricalMaintenance TrainingManual of theautopilotoccurs Automaticdisengagement when the FCC finds a failure condition.The FCC suppliesthis functionfor the system. If the FCC finds a failure in the datait getsfrom its usual IOC. Engagementof the autopilotis also prevented whenthe FCC finds a failure condition. TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page67 Feb l3l95 . The list that follows showsthe possiblevisual failure indicationsfor theAFCS: AFCSVISUAL FAILIJRE INDICATIONS STATUS WARNING (RED) CAUTION (AMBER) AFCS MSGS FAIL AP PITCH TRIM AP TRIM IS LWD IAPS DEGRADED AP TRIM IS ND AP TRIM IS NU AP TRIM IS RWD YAW DAMPER SPEEDREFS INDEP (wHrTE) IAPS OVERTEMP YD I INOP YD 2INOP FD GUIDE 1 FD GUIDE 2 Failures that occur in the IAPS can have an effect on the AFCS. to all Thediagnosticreportmodesuppliesaccess the resultsof the FCC monitorfunctions. The EICAS shows the indication IAPS OVERTEMP when there is an IAPS overheatcondition on the left or right side. Aural and Visual Failure Indications The EICAS showsthe visualfailure indications for theAFCS. it automaticallychangesto a secondIOC asthe datasource. M. The FCP supplies control of the diagnostic function. Theautopilotpitchtrim monitorfunctionis done beforeand after engagementof the autopilot.thenengagement a pitch trim failure is detectedafter autopilot engagement. then the automatic pitch-trim function stops. and the multifunctiondisplay(MFD) suppliesthevisual displayof the diagnosticdata. Diagnostics Diagnosticsaresuppliedby theFCCto helpwith the AFCS fault isolation.A cavalry chargesoundswhen the autopilotis disengaged. of theautopilot.and which let the userchange someoutputs.There are additionaldiagnosticmodeswhich showall the FCC inputs.Aural indicationsaresuppliedby the EICAS through the flight compartment speakers.asfoundby eitherthe autopilotor the yaw dampermonitorcircuits. the IAPS monitor circuits stop the FCC operation.

6,anacta'r
Avionics/Electrical
Maintenance
TrainingManual

FLIGHT DIRECTOR
1. GENERAL
The flight director is that portion of the AFCS
that provides the flight guidance commands to
the autopilot and the steering commands and
associatedannunciationsto the PFD. Each FCC
contains a flight director.
Dual flight director channelsprovide pitch and
roll guidance commandsto the autopilot (when
coupled)and to the PFD (when selected).Sensors
and computations comprising these commands
are derived from single sources such as NAV
sourcesor ADC, and therefore,have single fault
possibilities. Faults in the flight guidance
computations are indicated by a red FD
annunciation on the PFD.
At FCC power-up the flight director is inactive
and no fl ight director fl ight guidance information
is displayed on the PFD. The onside flight
director is madeactive when autopilot is engaged
or when a lateral or vertical flight mode is
selected.The pilot's and copilot's flight director
mode selection are synchronized.
Manual mode selections,suchaspushing a mode
switch, simultaneously select the same mode in
both flight director channels.
The onside flight director couples to both
autopilot channels when autopilot is engaged.
Whenever both flight directors are off, all lateral
and vertical modes clear.
Except as noted, the roll limit is 27 degrees. (In
discussion of the flight director modes, limit
values are in bold type.).

2. FLIGHT DIRECTORMODES,
GENERAL
The flight director provides guidancefor the
following lateral(roll) modes:

TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY

SI]BMODE

MODE

Roll AttitudeHold Roll Hold, Heading Hold
N/A

Heading Select

Navigation

HeadingSelect,FMS, Localizer,VOR/DME,VOR

Approach

Heading Select, FMS, Localizer, VOR/DME, VOR

BackCourse

Heading Select,Incalizer

Go Around

N/A

Hdf Bank

N/A

TO

N/A

The flight director provides guidance for the
following vertical (pitch) modes:
MODE

SUBMODE

Pitch Attitude Hold

N/A

Altitude Hold

N/A

Altitude Preselect

N/A

Vertical Speed

N/A

Speed

IAS,IAS Overspeed,
Mach,MachOverspeed
N/A

GlideslopeApproach
GeAround

Windshear

TO

Windshear

3. FLIGHT DIRECTOR MODE
SELE CTI ON/DESELECTI ON
Theprimarymeans
of selectinganddeselecting
the
flight directormodesis pushingthe appropriate
swirch on the FCP.Initially pushingthe switch
whenthe flight directormodeis inactiveactivates
the mode. Pushing the switch a second time
deactivatesthe mode. The flight director lateral
modeselections/
deselections
areasfollows:

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E,anacta,r
Avionics/Electrical
Maintenance
TrainingManual

MODE

FCP
SYMBOL

Roll Attitude Hold

DESELECTIONI

SELECTIONI
Automatic when no other lateral
mode is selectedand the FD is
on

Selection of anotherlateral mode

HeadingSelect

HDG

Selection of anotherlateral mode

Navieation

NAV

Selection of another lateral mode

ChangeNAV sourceor frequency
LateralApproach

APPR

Selection of another lateral mode

ChangeNAV sourceor frequency
BackCourse

B/C

Selection of anotherlateral mode

ChangeNAV sourceor frequency
LateralGeAround

Half Bank

1/2BNK

Push throttle
Go-around switch

Autopilot engagement

SeeNote 2

Back Coursecapture

Climbingthroughtransition
altitude2'3

Descending
throughtransitionaltituder

Selection of anotherlateral mode

APPR mode capture
Localizer capture

Lateral Tirke-off

Pushthrottlego-aroundswitch
with aircraft on groundandboth
enginesrunning.

Autopilot engagement
Selection of another lateral mode.

NOTE:
The primary method of selecting/deselecting all of the lateral modes except Roll Attitude Hold
and GeAround is by pushing the appropriate switch on the FCP.
Pushing the l/2 BANK switch has no effect if the Roll Attitude Hold mode is active.

3 . The Half Bank mode is automatically selected when climbing through the half bank transition
altitude (31 600 feet of pressure altitude) or if the aircraft is above the half bank transition
altitude when the flight director is turned on. Conversely, the Half Bank mode is automatically
cleared when descending through the half bank transition altitude. The automatic mode
transition logic preventsnuisancemode changeswhen operating near the transition altitude.

TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY

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Eanacta'r
AvionicVElectrical MaintenanceTraining Manual

The flight director vertical mode selections/
deselections
areasfollows:
MODE

FCP
SYMBOL

Pitch Attitude
Hold

DESELECTIONI

SELECTIONI

Automatic when no other vertical
modeis selectedandthe FD is on

Selectionor automaticcaptureof
anothervertical mode

Rotatingthe VS/pitch wheel on
the FCP (when not in Vertical
Speedmodeor glideslopecapture)
Changingthe preselectedaltitude Conditionsmet for captureof new
during Altitude Preselectcapture2 PreselectAltitude
Altitude Hold

ALT

Altitude
11"r"1".1NOTAG

Vertical Speed
Select

VS

Speed

SPEED

Automaticif altitudepreselector
settingis changedwhile in
Altitude Preselecttrack

Selectionor captureof another
verticalmode

Automatically armed when the FD
is turned on4

Glideslope capture

Automatically armedwhen
altitudepreselectorsettingis
changed

Go-Around selection

Automatically armed when
vertical gearound is cleared

When captured or in track,
automatically cleared by manual
selectionor automatic capture of
another vertical mode
Selection or capture of another
vertical mode

When an overspeedcondition
occurs5

Selection of another vertical mode
when overspeed condition has been
corrected6
Selection or capture of another
vertical mode

Glideslope
Approach

Armed after a front course
localizercapturein Approach
modewith valid glideslopedata

Back course mode selection

Lossof Approachmode
ChangeNAV sourceor frequency
Gearound mode selection

Vertical
GeAround

Pushthrottle gearound switch

Autopilotengagement,
selection,or
automaticcaptureof anothermode
SYNC switchoperation

Vertical Tiake-off

Pushthrottle go-aroundswitch
with both enginesrunning and
aircraft on the ground.

TRAIMNG REFERENCEONLY

Autopilotengagement,
selection,or
automaticcaptureof anothermode
SYNC switch operation

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c,anacta,r
Avionics/Electrical
MaintenanceTrainineManual

FCP
SYMBOL

MODE

SELECTIONI

DESELECTIONI

NOTE:
1. The primarymethodof selecting/deselecting
all of theverticalmodesexceptPitch Attitude
Hold andAltitudeheselectis by pushingthe appropriateswitchon theFCP.
2. Altitude heselectre-armsandcapturesthe new preselected
altitudeunlesstheALT knob is
slewedthroughthe currentaltitude.
3. Altitude preselectarmeddoesnot inhibit the selectionof otherverticalmodes.
4. Altitude preselectis not automaticallyarmedwhentheFD is tumedon by overspeed
or
GeAround mode.
5. 0.03MachaboveMmo while abovethe IAS/Machtransitionaltitude(typically31 600 feetof
pressurealtitude)or 10knotsaboveVmo while belowtheIAS/Machtransitionaltitude.
6. If in IAS submode.
whenIAS is lessthanVmo. If in Machsubmode.whenmachis less
than Mmo.
Definitions of terms when discussingthe flight director are as follows:
TERM

DEFINITION

Active (or on)

Flight directoris supplyingflight guidanceto thePFD

Inactive (or ofl)

Flight directoris not supplyingflight guidanceto thePFD

Coupled

Channel is supplying flight guidance to the AFCS

Uncoupled

Channel is not supplying flight guidance to the AFCS

Onside

The pilot's channel when not transferred

Offside

The copilot's channelwhennot ransferred

Armed

Mode selectedbut not active

Hold

Mode which storesthe value of aparticularflightparameterat the momentof mode selection

Capture

Mode that generatescommands to smoothly acquire and then fly along a predefined line in
space

Track

Commands are being generatedto maintain a predefined line in space

4. FLIGHT DIRECTOR MODES
A. Lateral Modes

unless the roll angle upon initiation is over
5 degrees.In this case,commandsaregenerated
to hold theroll angleinstead.

Roll modeis thebasiclateralmodeof thesystem.
The mode occurs automaticallywhen no other
lateralmodeis active,andtheflight directoris on.
Roll mode generatescommandsto hold the
headingthat existswhen the modeis initiated,

When in basic roll mode, the bank limit is
increased
to 32 degrees.Half bankselectiondoes
not alter the bank limits in this mode.
Synchronizationto a new headingor new roll
angleoccursuponcouplingor tansferringto roll
mode,or whenthe syncswitch is pushedwhen
the autopilotis not engaged.

TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY

22-00-00

Roll Modes

PageTl
Feb l3195

The indicators at the side of the NAV switch on the FCP come on when navigation mode is selected.Navigationmodearms when selected. Selectionof the headingselectmodeoverridesall activelateral flight directormodes.theflight directorprovidessteering commands to fly theselectedheading. FMS Navigation Mode If the lateral navigation signal selected for display by the EFIS is from the FMS. changingthe sourceof the navigation signal. navigation mode is cleared by manual selection of either approach or go-around. after which the flight director follows the lateral roll commands generatedby the FMS. navigation mode is cleared by manual selection of another lateral mode selecting gearound. Headingselectsubmodeis annunciated asHDG in thelateralmodeareaof thePFDwith thearmed mode annunciatedin the lateral armed mode locationof the PFD. When the headingmode is active. changingthe sourceof the navigation signalorby deselectingthe mode.the CRS 2 knob on the FCP is used to select the copilot's course. the flight director performs an all-angle adaptive capture.but does not capture if the navigationdata sourceis invalid or when not within thecapturingrangeof the selected course. Navigation mode is selectedand cleared by pushingthe NAV switch.At capture. MLS t. while thosenext to the selectedarmedNAV APPR or B/C pushbuttonswitch are on.The mode is active until the selected modeis captured. (An intercept which differs from the final course by more than 90 degrees is not recommended. When captured. NOTE: The FMS coursedisplayed on the PFD is also controlled by the FMS. Conversely. The heading selectmode automaticallyclears when a different lateral mode is selectedor captured. or deselectingthe mode. MLS 2) operation in the LRU sourcing the navigation signal. displayed on the right PFD. either heading select or roll mode. Navigation capture clears the heading select submode.Y 22-00-00 Page72 Febl3l95 . The indicatorsnext to the I{DG pushbuttonswitchon theFCPdo not come on.. N on-F M S N avi gation M odes General For non-FMS operation. The CRS I knob on the FCP is used to selectthe pilot's course.). When a heading change is selectedon the horizontal situation indicator (HSI) using the headingbug. localizer (LOC). Thelateral commands duringthismodeis bankanglelimited by the bank limit or half banklimit selection. The selected headingis controlledby the HDG knob on the FCP.the FCC inhibits radio test (voR/Locl. and FMS. the FMS determines the capture point.the flight director operatesin the currently active lateral mode. Heading SelectSubmode Heading select submode is automatically activatedwheneverNAV B/C or APPRmodeis selected. yoR/Loc2. When armed. Navigation Mode TRAINING REFERENCE ONI. the previous active lateral mode is cleared.anacta|r AvionicVElectrical MaintenanceTraininsManual Heading SelectMode Headingselectmodeis selectedandclearedwith the HDG switch on the FCP. Lateral commandsin the headingselectmodeareas for headingmode. displayed on the left PFD.6. Prior to capture. it provides lateral commandsto capture and maintain the headingbug displayedon the PFD or the HDG BUG digital readouton the MIrD. The navigation mode arms the navigation signal displayed on EFIS which include VOR.When navigationmode is selectedwhile coupled and airborne.

While the aircraft is outside the capturerange of the beam. Approach Mode The approach mode generates commands to capture and track the selected lateral navigation course in a similar fashion to the navigation mode. For VOR/DME operation. the controllawsareoptimizedfor a fixed distanceof 60 nautical miles. LOC Mode LOC Armed When the navigation source selectedfor display is a localizer signal. Depending on the intercept.the VOR modecontinuesto fly the VOR radial. VOR Capture Dependingon the angleof intercept. When LOC captures. the flight director initiates captureof the LOC beam at the optimal point to provide smooth capture of the beam.the DR region is approximatelywhere the horizontal distanceto the station is less than the altitude abovethe station. LOC capture is annunciatedon the PFD. Therefore. Lateral commandsto capturethe VOR arelimited to the bankanglelimit or the half banklimit selection. the flight director automaticallygoesinto deadreckoning (DR) operation. then the flight director continues to provide guidance for a specific period of time after which annunciation of the condition is annunciated. Approach mode is selected and cleared by pushing the APPR switch. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page73 Febl3l95 . VOR captureis annunciatedon the PFD. LOC Track Once captured. For VOR operationwith valid DME. Whenthenavigationsourceselectedfor display is a VOR signal.and annunciateVOR armedandHDG on the PFD. The indicators at the side of the NAV switch on the FCP come on when VOR mode is selected. selection of the navigation mode arms the lateral guidance for the LOC beam.Eanacta. For VOR only operation.theflight directorflies headingbugin headingselectsubmode. into or away from the VOR station. the flight director flies headingbug in heading select submode and annunciate LOC ARM and HDG on the PFD.deadreckoningis based on high rate of VOR deviation.the gain cannot be programmed. While the aircraft is outsidethe capturerangeof theradial. the VOR control law gainsareprogrammedas a function of DME distance. Approach mode switches the flight guidance commands to a dual independent configuration. VOR Overstation When flying over a VOR station.VOR captureis annunciated on thePFD.r' Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TraininsManual VORMode Signal Dropout VOR Armed Should the VOR signal become so weak during VOR capture or overstation that it becomes invalid.the flight directorinitiatesa VOR captureat the optimal point to provide smoothcaptureof the radial. LOC capture is annunciatedon the PFD. half bank and turbulence functions are cleared.selectionof thenavigationmode arms the lateral guidancefor the VOR radial selectedwith the courseknob and activatesthe headingselectsubmode. the LOC mode continues to fly the LOC beam.For non-DME operation. The indicators at the side of the APPR switch on the FCP come on when approachmode is selected.which is annunciatedwith a white DR on the PFD. VOR Track LOC Capture Oncecaptured.

The half bankmode can be overridden by manual selectionof the 1/2 BANK pushbuttonswitch on the FCP.7meters) WhenFD is selectedabovethe transition altitude. B. Rotating the VS/pitch wheel manually selects pitch mode when in" nignt director is on. When not engaged.approach. When back course mode is selectedwhile coupledand in flight.e. Thehalf bankmodeis automaticallyclearedwith :ne of thefollowing conditions: TRAIMNG REFERENCEONLY When the aircraft descendsthrough the transition altitude During approach mode During lo calizer capture. The mode has no effect in roll mode.the flight director operatesin headingselectsubmode. unless in glideslope capture or VS mode. displayedasthepitchcommandonthepFD. The half bank mode reduces the maximum commanded bank angle from 27 degrees to 15 degrees in heading and navigation modes.. The indicators on the sides of the l/2 BANK pushbuttonswitch on the FCPcome on when half bank modeis selectedand annunciatesa white I /2 BANK in a dedicatedlocation on the pFD. The FCC has two localizertest inhibit ouq)uts.the pitch referencemay also be changed to the current pitch attitude by pushing the SYNC switch except when in overspeedor vertical capture modes. the pitch reference. The mode is selected automatically whennovertical directormode is selectedandthe flight director is on. back course is automatically clearedby manual selectionof anotherlateral mode(eithernavigation. is set to the current pitch angle. Commands are generatedto maintain the pitch attitude. On selection of pitch mode. Wheel rotation changesthe pitch referenceby an amount that is proportional to the rotation angle. or gearound modes). Back coursemodeswitchesthe flight guidance commandsto a dual independent configuration.but cannotcaptureuntil the localizerdatasourceis valid and the back coursegeomefiryis present. i. Prior to the adaptivecapture. The position of the command bars on the PFD indicatesthe selected pitch attitude.and half bankmodesandthe headingselectsubmode.Engaging 22-00-00 Page74 Feb 13/95 .by changingthesourceof thenavigation signalor by deselectingthe mode. 'lhe indicatorsatthesideof theB/C switchon the FCPcomeonwhenbackcoursemode is selected. Approach mode capture. Back course mode arms when selected. When armed.selectedcoursediffersfrom headingby more than 105degrees.canactarr Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainingManual Back CourseMode Back coursemode is selectedand clearedby pushing the B/C switch. VOR/LOC I TEST INHIBIT and VOR/LOC z TEST INHIBIT. A localizer must be selectedas the navigationsourceto allow back coursemodeselectionandretention. the FCC inhibits test operationin the LRU sourcingthe localizersignal. Vertical Modes Pitch Mode Pitchmode is the basicvertical mode of the flight director. Back coursecaptureclearsturbulence. or any localizer capture automatically clears the half bank mode. The pitch referencevalue can be changedusing the VS/pitch wheel. Hatf Bank Mode The half bank mode is automaticallyselected with oneof thefollowing conditions: When the aircraft movesup through the transitionaltitudeof 31 600 feet (9631.

when the aircraft is operatingnear the transition altitude. the VS reference is set to the current vertical speed.The VS referenceis reset to the current vertical speedwheneverthe SYNC switch is pushedwhile the autopilot is not engaged. When using the cross-side ADS. When using the cross-side ADS.When switching modes. except when using the cross-side ADS. The indicators at the sides of the SPEED pushbutton switch on the FCP come on when Mach mode is selectedand annunciatesMach in the vertical mode location of the PFD followed by a digital readoutof the Mach referencevalue. Upon automatic overspeedselection of Mach mode. the Mach referenceis set to the current Mach.e.03 Mach above Mmo occurs while above the IAS/Mach transition altitude.02 Mach below Mmo. Commands are generated to maintain the Mach reference value. Commands are generated to maintain the VS reference value. up to Mmo. Vertical speedmode is selectedand cleared by pushing the VS switch. If the aircraft is below the IAS/Mach transition pressurealtitude of 31 600 feet (9631. The transition logic preventsnuisancemode changes While an overspeedexists. Speed Mode General Pushing the SPEED pushbutton switch on the FCP selectsand clears either IAS or Mach speed hold mode basedupon the aircraft altitude. whenevertheSYNC switchispushed while the autopilot is not engaged. the VS referencecannotbe changed. the previously active vertical mode is cleared.the initial reference is set to a value corresponding to the previous speedmode reference. Mach Mode When the Mach mode is selected from a condition other than IAS mode..and the Mach referenceis initially set to a fixed bias of 0.canactarr Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainineManual the autopilot of selecting XFER to pitch mode synchonizes the pitch reference. Mach mode is cleared by deselectionor manual selectionor automaticcaptureof anothervertical mode. Upon selection of VS mode. The indicators at the side of the VS switch on the FCP come on when vertical speed mode is selected. Mach OverspeedMode Mach overspeedmode is automatically selected when an overspeedof 0. The VS/pitch wheel has no function when glideslope is captured. Vertical speedmode is automatically clearedby selection or automatic capture of another vertical mode. The Mach referenceis resetto the current Mach. i. the mach reference never increases. ADC reversion selected.IAS mode is selected. the Mach reference cannot be changed. TRAII{ING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page75 Feb 13/95 . The speed mode automatically transitions between IAS and Mach as the aircraft climbs or descends through the ffansition altitude. Vertical Speed Mode Pushing the concentric IAS/MACH pushbutton in the the SPEED knob togglesbetweenIAS and Mach modes.but may decreaseto maintain the minimum bias below Mmo.7 meters) at the moment the SPEED switch is pushed. except when using the cross-side ADS. The Mach reference can be changed up to Mmo using the SPEED knob. VS/pitch wheel rotation changes the VS reference value by an amount proportional to the maximum value of + 15 000 feet/minute ( t4560 meterVminute). The current speedreferenceis shown by the digital readoutin the flight director annunciationareaon the PFD.

22-00-00 Page76 Feb l3195 . Altitude PreselectMode Referto Figure25. up to Vmo wheneverthe SYNC switch is pushed while the autopilotis not coupled. The indicators at the side of the SPEED pushbuttonswitch comeon when IAS mode is selectedand a green IAS is displayedin the verticalmodelocationof the PFD followedby a digital displayof the IAS referencevalue.theIAS referenceis setto the current IAS. The indicators at the side of the SPEED pushbuttonswitch on the FCP come on when Mach overspeed mode is selected and annunciatesMach overspeedwith a flashing yellow MACH andspeedreferenceon the PFD.it cannotbedeselected until thecurrent Machhasdecreased to below Mmo.it cannotbe deselected until thecurrentIAS hasdecreased belowVmo.IAS reference cannotbe changed.anacta. When IAS overspeed mode has been automaticallyselected. glideslopecapture. IASOverspeedMode IAS overspeedmode is automaticallyselected when an overspeedof 10 knots above Vmo occurs. Altitude Selections Altitudepreselectmode(AUIS) is automatically armedwhen the altitude preselectorsettingis changed. ALIS armed is cleared by altitude capture. Altitude preselectarmedis annunciatedwith a white AUIS in a dedicatedlocationof the PFD. Whenusingthe cross-sideADS. The indicators on the sides of the SPEED pushbuttonswitchontheFCPcomeon whenIAS overspeedmode is selectedand annunciatesa flashingyellow IAS andspeedreferencevalueon thc PFD. exceptwhen they come into view as a resultof overspeedor gearound mode.The IAS referencevaluecanbe changedup to VmousingtheSPEEDknobonthe FCR except when using the cross-sideADS. Commandsare generatedto maintain the IAS referencevalue.andtheIAS referenceis initially setto a fixed biasof 5 knots belowVmo. IAS modeis clearedby deselectingthe modeor by selection or automatic capture of another verticalmode.Upon automaticoverspeedselectionof IAS mode. Commands are generated to maintain the pressurealtitudeexistingat the time of altitude hold mode selection.The altitude referenceis resetto thecurrentpressure altitudewheneverthe SYNCswitchis pushedwhile theautopilotis not coupled. The IAS referenceis resetto the currentIAS.gearound selection.r' AvionicVElectricalMaintenance TrainingManual When Mach overspeedmode is automatically selected. IASMode When IAS mode is selectedfrom a condition otherMachmode. a corresponding speedreferencebugis shownnext to the airspeedtapeon the PFD. while below the Mach/IAS transition altitude. Theindicatorsat thesidesof theALT pushbutton switch on the FCP comeon when altitudehold mode is selectedand annunciatesALT in the verticalcapturemodelocationon the PFD. Altitude Hold Mode Altitude hold mode is selectedand clearedby pushingthe ALI pushbuttonswitchon theFCP.Altitude hold mode is automatically clearedby selectionor automaticcaptureof anotherverticalmode.c.thepreviouslyactiveverticalmodeis TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY cleared. Also.or when the flight director bars are removed from the PFD.whenverticalgearound is cleared.or when the flight director bars are initially displayedon the PFD. The current speed reference is shownby thedigitalreadoutin theflight director annunciation area on the PFD.

Y o-t x 6 N AUIITUDE PRESELECTMODE FIGURE 25 TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-0V00 Page77 Feb 13/95 .ASHMAGENTA PRESELECT DIGITSFLASHYELLOW = MAGENTA RANGE ACQUISITION ALT ERROB= +1000 (r.r Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TraininsManual ALT ERROR= +1000 AUTOMATIC CANCEL ALT ERROR= +200 DEVIATIONRANGE -f1. T2 = SECONDALERTTONE I @I= EI ALT ERBOR= +200 = PRESELECTDIGITSFI.6.anacta.

Lateralapproachcapture. the FCC inhibits test operationof the LRU(s) sourcing the navigation signal (VOR/LOC I and VOR/LOC 2) through the inhibit signals.e. ALT hold mode is automatically selectedandALTS modeis rearmed.6. LATERAI. clearsthe half bankfunctionand the headingselectsubmode. 22-00-00 Page78 Feb l3195 .If the altitudecaptureoccurswhile the VS/pitch wheel is in motion.DR is basedon a high rateof VOR deviation.At glideslope capture. During ALTS capturemaneuver.the flight director clearsaltitudecaptureandcontinuestheVS/pitch wheeloperationwithout intemrption.lessthan0. 5. Altitude captureswhich are cleared 'without subsequentselectionof ALTS track or armed.or lossof localizer.it goes into ALTS Track.either VOR or LOC.or by changing the sourceof the navigationsignal. is cleared by manual selectionof anotherlateralmode./VERTICALMODES A.whenselected. The offside FD also requiresthe onsideglideslopeto capturebefore arming for glideslope capture. flashesa yellow AUIS in the dedicatedAUIS armedlocation on the PFD. Approachmode.After capture.the previouslyactive vertical mode is cleared.if the preselect altitudeis changed. The capturepoint is a function of closurerate.For VOR/DME operation. ALTS Track Glideslope When the aircraft levels off at the preselected altitude after ALIS capture.ALTS cap is annunciatedwith a flashing greenALIS CAP in the vertical mode locationofthePFD. with the capturepoint moving away from the preselectaltitude for high closurerates. TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY TheonsideFCCarmsfor glideslopecaptureafter a front courselocalizercapturein approachmode if glideslopedata is valid.6 nauticalmiles.Localizer capture also clearsturbulencemode. all other vertical modes are automaticallycleared.pitch modeis automatically selectedandALTS modeis armed.For VOR-only operation.the FCC operatesin heading selectsubmode. Capturedoesnot occurwhenthealerteris slewed throughthe currentaltitude.the DR region is where the DME distanceto thestationis small.If thepreselectaltitudeis changedwhile in AUIS Track. When flying a VOR. DR operationis provided during VOR station passage.g..anaEtarr AvionicVElectricalMaintenance TraininsManual Altitude preselectcapture(AUIS CAP) occurs when the flight path of the aircraft nears the altitudesetwith the ALT selectknobon theFCP. either VOR or LOC. Glideslope capture is cleared by back course. Barometric altitudes are used for AIiIS computations.When the onside FCC capturesglideslope. Prior to capture. doesnotcaptureif thenavigationdataselectedon the PFD is invalid or when not within the capturingrangeof the selectedcourse. loss of approach.AIjfS capmodeisclearedby manualselectionor automaticcaptureof another verticalmode. AUIS Track is automaticallyclearedby manual selectionor automaticcaptureof anothervertical mode. Approach Mode VOR/LOC Approach Approach mode is selectedand cleared by pushingtheAPPRpushbuttonswitch. When in approachmode while coupledand in flight.AUIS Track is annunciatedwith anALTS in theverticalcapturemodelocationof thePFD.theoffsideFCCgoestopitch mode until glideslope capture.Approach but modearmseitherILS or VOR.

The bank limit is decreased ( * 5 degrees) when in lateral go-around/takeoff. It is the standardgearound control laws modified when the windshear guidance is active. Selection of the go-around/takeoff switches disengages the autopilot (but not the yaw dampers) and clears all other modes. The PFD provides windshear alert annunciation and displays an alpha margin indicator (AMD when a windshear has been detected. NOTE: While in vertical take-offmode. Vertical go-around/takeoffmayalsobe clearedby manual selection or automatic capture of another vertical mode. Both of theseselectionsresult in automatic selection of pitch mode. and lateral and vertical go-around are indicated by the letters "GA". If windshear detection occurs while not in the go-around/takeoff mode. Go-around/takeoff selection turns on ttre flight directors and generatesa fixed pitch up command in the vertical axis. 22-00-00 Page79 Feb l3l95 . In the capture locations of the PFD. Lateral and vertical go-around/takeoff may be cleared by engagingthe autopilot orby selectingthe SYNC switch operation. The command generated in the go-around/takeoff mode is +10oNU while in the air.Vertical windshear guidance is annunciated by "GA/WS" or "TO/IVS" on the PFDs. additional pushes of the go-around/takeoff TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY switch resynchronizesthe heading hold memory to the current heading. The fixed pitch up commandgeneratedin the takeoff mode is +15"NU with the aircraft on the ground and both engines running. with the aircraft in the air. switchesthe flight guidancecommandsto a dual independent configuration and automatically enters windshear guidancemode if low altitude windshear is detected.canactalr TrainineManual Avionics/Electrical Maintenance B. lateral and vertical takeoffare indicatedby the letters"TO". windshear guidance occurs immediately upon go-around/takeoffmode selection. or by pushing the autopilot disconnectswitch. Go-Around/Takeoff Mode General The go-around/takeoff mode is selected by pushing the go-around/takeoff switches on the throttle quadrant. Vertical windshear escape control laws are provided by the FCC through the goaround control laws. While on the ground (weight on wheels). is rolled out to wings level with the gearound (GA) or take-off (TO) mode annunciated. and a heading hold command in the lateral axis. may be cancelled by a second push of the go-around/takeoff switch. Roll connol. a failure of an engine would automatically bring the commandbars down to 10"NU on the pitch scale. Windshear Guidance The windshear warning and recovery guidance system provides windshear detection (caution and warning) alerts and computed flight director escape guidance during takeoff and approach below 1500 feet radio altitude.except windshear. after initiation of windshearescape guidance. Autopilot disengageannunciationresulting from the go-around/takeoff selection.The stall protection computer provides the alpha margin signal for displaying the AMI on the PFD. When windshear guidance becomes active. the FCC providesa pitch steeringsignalto the GPWS to enable it to inhibit the ground proximity warning alerts. The FCC provides the flight director windshear escape guidance in response to the windshear detection alert discretes from the ground proximity warning system (GPWS). Selection of gearound with the GA/TO switch disengagesthe autopilot and initiates windshearguidance. Selecting the vertical go-around/takeoff mode.

The latch ensuresthat escape guidanceis still givenwhentheGA/TO switchis pressed. The onsideflight director SYNC switch is usedwhen the autopilot is not engagedto synchronize the vertical and lateral references to those currently being flown. windshearescapeguidanceis initiatedwhenthe GA/TO switchis pressed. 6. FLIGHT DIRECTOR FT]NCTIONS GA/TO switchinitiated.anactarr AvionicslElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual On indicationof a valid windshearcautionalert (exceedingthe increasingperformancelimits) from the GPWS.or the windshear monitoris invalid. Subsequentwindshearwarningsdo not produceauralalerts.The latchedalert is resetwhen escapeguidanceis entered. Sync Function The flightdirector SYNC switchesarelocatedon the outboard side of each control wheel. the PFD displays an arnber WINDSIIEAR. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY A. guidanceis entered. Both cautionandwarning annunciations arepositionedabovethenumerical radio altitude readout on the PFD and have priority overdecisionheight@H) annunciation. Windshearescapeguidanceis initiated in two waysasfollows: Alert initiated Once initiated. Alert Initiated Whenin gearound or take-offmodes. Once anothervertical mode has beenentered. windshearescapeguidanceis clearedandis only given againwhena new conditionfor initiating it is met.or groundlogic is set.Aural alertsarenotprovided for windshearcautions.windshear escapeguidanceis initiatedwhena warningalert is givenif radio altitudeis lessthan 1500feet.or groundlogic is set. all armed vertical and lateral modes are cleared. Any tansition into a windshear warningis indicatedby a red WINDSIDAR. windshearescapeguidanceis latched. The vertical reference synchronized is as follows: VERTICAL REFERENCE IS SYNCHRONIZEDIF IN: IAS IAS SPEEDmode MACH MACH SPEEDmode VS VS mode Altitude hold memory ALT hold mode Pitch anglememory 22-00-00 PITCH mode Page80 Feb 13/95 . On the first occurrenceof a valid windshear warningfrom the GPWS.or the windshearmonitoris invalid.evenif the warning alert from the GPWShas ceased.Once escapeguidanceis active. The latch ensuresthat escapeguidanceis still givenwhentheGA switchis pressed.the EICAS initiatesa WINDSIIEAR andrepeatsit three voicemessage times. evenif thewarningalertfromtheGPWS Thelatchedalertis resetwhenescape hasceased. The warning annunciationhas priority over the cautionannunciation.irrespectiveof the GPWS windshear alertstatus.c. When escapeguidanceis initiated.providedthat the FCC below15@feet haslatcheda windshearwarning radio altitude. GAITOSwitchInitiated When not in ge-around or take-off modes.the crew may arm or re-axrnanypitch or roll modes.

the flight directors cannot be turned off until the overspeedcondition is corrected. the other flight director can always be turned offby pushing the FD switch. The onside flight director is turned on by engagingthe autopilot or selecting a vertical or lateral mode. At power-up both flight directors are off. Refer to Mach Overspeed Mode and IAS Overspeed Mode. above. Synchronization of any reference is annunciated with a timed out yellow SYNC on the PFD. pitch and roll modes are automatically selected.Overspeedand vertical capturemodes are not affected by SYNC switch operation.c.. i. in approach and back course modes. it also turns off the other (offside) flight director. Flight Director Functions FD switches override the automatic on and off logic of the flight directors. Anytime one flight director is on. ild when a significant overspeed occurs. Once a significant overspeedoccurs. Vertical go around is cleared by SYNC switch operation. Both flight directors turn on automatically upon selection of go-around mode. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-0V00 Page8l Feb 13/95 . When the onside flight director is turned off.e. The offside flight director SYNC switch is functional only when the offside flight director is independent. When autopilot engagementturns on the flight director. B.anactarr TrainingManual AvionicVElectricalMaintenance The only lateral references synchronized are the bank and heading memories of roll mode.

Eanacta'r Avionics/ElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual C. At power-up the left flight directoris initially usedto provideguidancecommandsto thePFDs and the autopilot. a yellow FD 2 is displayedon the left PFD.a greenarrow pointing left is displayedon both PFD. Transferis selectedand clearedby pushingthe XFER pushbuftonswitch on the FCP. If theautopilotis coupled. This means that although the transfer function determined which flight guidancecommandsare usedby the autopilot.Transfer modecontrolsthe routingof the flight guidance commandsto the autopilotanddisplays.if it is engaged. Approach and back course modes switch the flight guidancecommandsto a dualindependent configuration. each display shows the flight guidance commandsgeneratedby theflight directoron that side. ThansferFunction Referto Figure26. When the autopilotis coupled.a greenarrowpointing right is displayedon bothPFDs. When the transferfunction is transferredleft. a yellow FD I is displayedon theright FD.Whentransferred right.Selectingthe transferfunction switchesthe flight directorin commandto the right flight director. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page82 Feb 13/95 . The right flight directorthen beginsto provide guidance commandsto the PFDsandautopilot.

FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM FIGTJRE26 ONLY REFERENCE TRATNTNG 22-00-00 Page83 May 27196 .g Avionics/ElectricalMaintenanceTrainins Manual TI I I I I I I I E d o 5 *T z8 s6 lL =t (t II la lR= tg t: td lo lo' IE lft _l_ E AFCS.6'anaE arr aEG.oN^Ll%fi sz . \g.

. The selectedflight director commandsare sentto the attitude loops in both computers.voted. The servo and trim commands from the main processorare output directly to the servo loop. analog. The VO processorindependentlymonitors raw attitude and trim rate data for excessiveaircraft responseor malfunctioning trim responseand openshardwareswitchesin the servoloop or trim circuitry to halt any malfunctioning commands from the main processor. The pitch computations are derived from dual acceleration and pitch rate signals. where identical computations are performed using the data from independentsetsof sensors. GENERAL Refer toFigure?T. The servocommandinputsfor all axis go through switches which can zero the commands as a function of measuredresponseto the aircraft. 22-00-00 Page84 May 27196 . Modules in both flight control computers(FCC) working together provide the redundant computations to form the fail passive autopilot and automatichorizontal stabilizertrim function. These computationsactivate the cutout switches when values are excessive. The crew selectsone set of flight director commands to be coupled to the autopilot by settingthe XFER pushbuttonswitch on the FCP. Cutoutlogic operatesin all modesthroughoutthe flight. It then outputs data back to the common memory area for serial transmissionby the VO processor. The roll computationsare derived from a combination of dual attitude and attitude rate signals. The VO processor accepts serial. The logic driving these switches are containedin theVO processorin eachFCC where they are independentfrom the normal command path computedin the main processor. Using two different processors provides dissimilar softwareandhardwareredundancyfor protecting the aircraft from hazardousfaults. and discreteinput data and storesit in a memory area accessible to the main processor. Each module containstwo dissimilar microprocessorsand analog servo loops for each of the threeaxis. and torquelimited before being sent to the servo motor. The autopilot is that part of the AFCS which provides the control signals to drive the aileron and elevator servosand horizontal stabilizer trim in response to the flight guidance commands from the flight director portion of the system. TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY Each FCC contains a main processor and an input/output processor (VO processor). and follows the existing flight director commands prior to engagement for capture modes. Each FCC is comprisedof identical hardwareand software. The pilot's flight director commands are computed in one FCC and the copilot's in the other.E. The main processor performs all the control laws and operational computations.anactarr AvionicMElectrical Maintenance TrainingManual AUTOPILOT 1. The aileron and elevatorservocommandsin each module are sent to the analog servo loop where they are mixed with independentservo position signals derived from servo tachometers then compared. The autopilot synchronizes to hold the mode references.

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The result of this summing operation represents the channel A SVO+rror correction required to properly position the elevator SVO. 2) operates in the same way. The midvalue voter circuit compares the SVO ERROR A voltage. Autopilot can be engagedonly if both autopilot monitors are valid. Roll commands are limited to 4 degreesper secondroll rate and27 degreesbank. The analogelevator SVO command is applied to an inverting input of the summing amplifier. but it generatesa SVO motor commandthat is equal in value but opposite in polarity to the channel A command. 2.which is applied to an inverting input of the summing amplifier. The voter sendsthe middle voltage level to the torque limiter.aileron. It is necessaryfor the AP DISC switch bar to be in the up position to engagethe autopilot.anactarr AvionicyElectrical MaintenanceTraining Manual The use of these cutout switches is not critical sincethe normal commandpath in the processor includes response limiting. and transfer are synchronized to provide smooth transition between modes. The main processorsharesinformation with the input/output (VO) processor. and manual trim. and ground. SVO ERROR B voltage. All flight director mode changes. This SVO RATE A analogis integratedto derive a SVG-position reference. and rudder SVO commands. The applicable aileron or elevator SVO amplifier processes this command and applies a voltage to one of the SVO motor terminals. The commands are removed by the VO processor during cutout conditions. The g rate is also limited to ensure smooth low g captures. When the SVOmoves the aircraftelevatorsto the angularposition specifiedby the computedSVO command. Pitch commands are also pitch rate limited.the summing amplifierzeroes and the SVO nulls. Redundantlimiting of the autopilot attitude loops limits the aircraft responseresulting from flight director malfunctions to a level that is no worse than normal maneuvers. Magnitude and rate limiters are progftunmed into the main processor to further enhance smooth operation. The B channel of the SVO amplifier (FCC no. The main processor performs the FCC theChannel computationfunctionsandgenerates TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY A elevator. and the stall stick shaker are not activated. The SVO RATE A analog feedback from the rate generator in the elevator SVO is applied to a noninverting input of the summing amplifier. go-around. The voter is a safety device that prevents faults from causing rotation of the SVO. SERVOCONTROLLOOP THEORY OF OPERATION Referto Figure28. The voltage differential at the two motor terminals causes the motor to run as desired. Normal operation (absence of hardware and software faults that prevent the main processorfrom receiving valid AHRS data)from only one of the fourprocessors in the systemlimits the responseof the aircraft to safelevels. autopilot engagement.6. The SVO ERROR A voltage is sent to the SVO monitor and midvalue voter circuits in both FCCs. The servo(SVO) loop controlin eachof theaxis arethe fastestrespondingfeedbackloopsin the system. 22-0V00 Page103 Feb13/95 . the autopilot disconnect inputs are valid. Computed SVO commands are sent through a digital to analog (D/A) converter to the three SVO amplifier circuits.The SVO loop responseoperatesin all modesthroughoutthe flight.

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Theresultingprogrammed torquecommand voltageis poweramplifiedand sentasthe SVO MOTOR A voltageto pin Pl-B of the elevator SVO. 28 volt DC engage clutch power is sent from the FCP to energizethe SVO clutch coil.the dual rate generator also turns a corresponding amount. This circuit sendsthe Channel A motor drive to the aileron servo. The SVO consists of a permanentmagnet DC motor.Whenno inputis sentto the amplifier.6. The torque rate limiter integratesthe voltage inputto causeit to build at a preciselycontrolled rate. The voltage differential across the motor leads causescurrent to flow. The capstan mechanically moves the linkage connectedto the aircraft control surface.the outputis set at approximately14 volts DC. When the autopilot is engaged. The aileron servo amplifier circuits are identical to thosedescribedfor the elevator amplifier.anactarr Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainingManual The torquelimiter functionswith the torquerate limiter to generateandsendprogrammedtorque commandvoltagesto the power amplifier. The SVO RATE A output is sent to a summing amplifier in the left sideFCC.onepoweramplifier sourcescurrentand other sinks current. The enabled rudder seryo eror circuit processes this command and sends a yaw damper (YD) drive signal to the rudder actuator. . the clutch couples the motor torque through the precision gear train to turn the capstan.TheSVOmountconsistsof an overridesafety slip clutch and a capstanthat connectsthe SVO to the aircraft control surface. andthe SVO RATE B output is sent to a summing amplifier in the right side FCC.an electromechanical engage clutch. a dual rate generator.The resultingcurrentflow causesthe motor to run in the corresponding directionuntil the SVO ratefeedbackequalsthe computedSVOcommand(plusposition)andthe amplifiernulls.TheSVOMOTORAvoltageisalsosentto theSVO monitorandto thecross-channel FCC. The computed servo command is sent through a digital to analog convefter to the rudder servo error circuit. the power amplifier converts this voltage to a specificSVOmotordrivecurrent. or half of the 28 volt DC busvoltage. Sinceboth motor terminalsare at 14 volts DC. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY Seryemotor drive is sentfrom both channelsof the servo amplifier as previously described. The rudder (yaw damper) SLV-4000 actuator controls the displacement of the aircraft primary mdder control surface.Because theB Channel SVO command is of the opposite polarity. This generator provides two individual feedback ouputs to the FCC servo amplifier circuits. Command is removed by the input/output processorduring cutout conditions. thereis no motor current. The SVO-85 B elevator SVO and SMT SVO mount function as a precise drive mechanismto contol the displacementof the aircraft primary elevatorconffol surfaces. The aileron SVO-85A servo and its associated SMT mount conffol the displacement of the aircraft primary aileron control surfaces. When the motor operates. The power amplifier converts the torque commandvoltage input to a currentoutput to drivetheSVOmotor. ChannelA motor drive is provided by the left side FCC. The main microprocessor generates aileron servo commands and sends them to the summing amplifier. When this coil is energized. and Channel B motor drive is provided by the right side FCC. and a precision multistagegeartrain. 22-00-00 Page105 Feb13/95 . which turns the servo motor.When a nonzerotorque commandis sent.The torquelimiter limits thepeakcommandvoltage.

the summingamplifier zeroes andthe sewonulls. 22-00-00 Page106 Feb 13/95 . one in each FCC.a brake. feedbackto the Thepositiontransducerprovides FCC servo error circuit. the pitch command limits are increased. The SVL-4000 linear actuator operatesas a precise drive mechanism to control the displacement of the aircraft rudder control surfaces.When the actuator ram is extended. The attitudeloop computationsareperformedin the main processor.This CUTOUT SVO CMD is sent through the cutout switch to the summing amplifier. which outputs servo commandsdirectly to the servoloop.dual comparatorsmonitor the servo commandsand disengagethe autopilot if they do not agree.Normal operation including single failures does not requirethecutoutfunction.The attitude commandfrom the flight director (pitch and roll only) is therefore the worstcasesinglepoint failurein thesystem. Singlefaultsinternalto theattitudeloopsor in the attitudesensorswhich causeerrorsto occur in one channelare voted out by the voting placein the servoloop.The attitudecommandlimits are4 degreespersecond in roll and3 degreespersecondor 0. TRAINING REFERENCEONLY 3. the input/ouQut processoroperatesthe rudder seryo cutout switch. The VO processor performs the cutout computations describedearlierandis capableof vetoingthe main processorcommands. a 28 volt DC YDI ENGAGE signal releasesthe brake.a positiontransducer.it provides a dissimilarredundantsoftwarecomputationto protecttheaircraftin theeventof a softwareerror in the main processor. which acceptcommandsfrom a single flight director. Each FCC contains complete attitude loop computationsthat oulput a servo command which is mixed with servoposition.The CUTOUT SVO CMD signal is slightly greater than the position signal and causesthe rudder to slowly move to the center (neutral)position. The YD POSHON A outputis sentto a positionamplifier in the left sideFCC. The analog YD POSHON A feedbackfrom the SVL position transducer is sent to the position amplifier (inverter). The actuator ram extendswhenthe YD DRI. ATTITUDE LOOPS Theattitudecontrolloopsaredesignedto provide a fail passiveautopilotsystemwhichis protected against internal single faults and limits any malfunctioningcommandappliedto the input of the attitudeloopsto a conffolledresponse. The cutout position amplifierinvertsandamplifiesthepositionsignal by a smallamount. Both signal processing channels accept an attitude command from the flight guidance computations and are independentfrom the selectedmode.2g's in pitch. The avoid exposureto multiple fault sequence.However. anda precisiongeartrain. Thepitchandroll attitudeloopsarecomprisedof dual independentlimiters.Whenthe yaw damperis engaged.A voltageis more negativethantheYD DRIVE A reference.Theamplifier sendsthepositionsignal to the cutout position amplifier and to the inverting input of the summingamplifier.It is voted with the command in the opposite computer beforebeingappliedto the servo. If a fault is detectedin the ruddercomputations.6. In approach. The resultof this summingoperationrepresents the ChannelA servoerror correctionrequiredto properly position the rudder linear actuator. the position transduceroutput (YD POSHON A) is more positive than the YD POSITION A reference. When the actuatormovesthe aircraft rudder to the angularpositionspecifiedby the computed servo command.anactarr AvionicVElectrical MaintenanceTraining Manual The analog rudder servo command is sent throughthecutoutswitchto aninverting input of the summing amplifier. YD DRIVE A is sent from the servo error amplifier aspreviouslydescribed. The SVL consists of a permanent magnetDC motor.

c. Mode synchronization in the flight director occurs to prevent any stepsfrom being input to the attitude loops. Flight director commands are limited in each FCC to ensure that no commands causing an excessiveaircraft responseare allowed to occur. TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page107 Feb 13/95 . The worst case failures in the single flight director computations result in at worst a command limited by the dual attitude limiters.r TraininsManual AvionicVElectrical Maintenance Engagesynchronizationoccursindependentlyin both FCCs to ensurethat stepinputs are not into the servo system. Manual inputs to the autopilot are allowed through the VS/pitch wheel. These commands are input prior to the dual flight director command limiters so they can be no worse than the statedflight director faults.anacta. This synchronization is not critical to flight safety but ensuressmooth mode transitions without deviation from the intended flight path.

Automatic control of the aircraft trim systemis includedin the FCCs. The HSTCUprovidesmanualtrim signals to the autopilot. 22-00-00 Page108 Feb l3195 . If any of the above conditions are detected. stoppingfurthertrim action.All detectedfailuresare annunciated with a messageon EICAS.anacta'r AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTrainins Manual 4. AUTOMATIC PITCH TRIM Referto Figure29. computations and whichissenttotheEICAStopostamessage. The autopilot monitoring is performedbefore Failuresdetected andafterautopilotengagement.thesystemdeactivates a relaywhich takesthemainprocessorout of the loop. Trim monitoring is accomplishedin the VO processorindependentfrom the main processor which generatesthe trim commands. Both FCCs function together to apply trim control through the HSTCU which drives the horizontalstabilizer trim actuator(HSTA).If theseare found. Autopilot trim fail signalsareprovidedto the HSTCUto indicateanyfailures detectedby the autopilotpitch trim monitors.For the first threefailureslistedabove.Activationof the signalcauses the HSTCUto ceasecommandingtrim.andelevatorservotorqueto detectfor thefollowing enoneousoperations: Trim is being commandedby the FCC whenno torqueis beingheldby the elevatorseryo The polarity of the trim rate feedbackfrom theHSTCUis in oppositedirectionto FCC trim commands Trim output hardwarehasfailed suchthat by continuoustrim is beingcommanded the FCCs No trim is occurringwhenthe FCCsare requestingtrim. but the autopilot remains engaged. Automaticpitch trim is providedwheneverthe autopilot is coupled. Autopilot trim operationis inhibited with the absenceof elevatorservoclutch power. or by the lack of autopilotengagelogic.trim rate feedbackfrom the HSTCU. activatetheAPTRIMFAIL signal.Lack of eithersignal shutsoff trim motion. Trim down arm and trim down command signalsmustbothbe valid for the HSTCU to commandthe HSTA. prior to autopilotengagement by the monitors failuresdetected preventsautopilotengagement. A testof the trim systemis performedeverytime the autopilot is engaged.E. whilethe OneFCCoutputstrim speedcommands otherFCCperformsanidenticalcomputationand ouQutsa trim commandwhich doesnot contain speedinformation. the FCC preventsautotrim engagement the trim fail on theEICAS.Trim outputs are exercisedto detecthardwarefailure. causethe HSTCU to after autopilotengagement cease operation.This control consistsof dualcomputations which measureelevatorservo torqueandcommandtrim speedin proportionto torque being held by the servo to relieve the forceson the elevatorsurface. TRAINING REFERENCEOI\LY the HSTCU to indicatethe failure.Both FCCsmust signalthe needfor trim beforeany trim activity occurs. andannunciates The HSTCU and FCC are integratedwith each otherto operatealongthe following logic: Trip up arm andtrim up commandsignals mustbothbe valid for theHSTCUto commandtheHSTA.Lack of either signalshutsofftrim motion.which causesthe autopilot whenthe pilot to automaticallydisengage usesmanualtrim.The VO processormonitorsthe trim commandsissuedby the main processor.The FCC responsiblefor the trim speedcommand dependson which directionof trim is required.

r AvionicsiElectrical TrainingManual Maintenance TR|M FA|L (A) UP(B) ooMMAND (A) TR|MD]SENGAGE MANUAL TRIMRATEHiLA ARMuP (A) TR|MFA|L(B) ooMMANDUP (A) (B) MANUALTR|MDTSENGAGE TRIMRATEH/L B ARMUP (B) CANADAIRRJ HSTCU AUTOMATIC PITCH TRIM FIGIJRE 29 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page109 Feb l3195 .6.anada.

respectively. Yaw Damper Panel Referto Figure30.a motoroperatedsolenoid brake. There is one rear electrical connector which TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY suppliestheelectricalinterfacewith theFCCand the yaw damperlinearactuators. It is necessary for oneyaw damper channel to be active to engagethe autopilot. B. OPERATION The dual independent yaw damperssupplyyaw dampingand turn coordination. The turn coordinationfunction helpsthe aircraft into andout of turns. In addition.The autopilot function can engage only whenat leastone yaw damperis selected.The actuatorsare installed in the verticalstabilizer.5 degreesof rudderfor single yaw damper operation. The movementfrom the two linear actuatorsis mechanicallysummedthrougha walking beam structure which driv. 2.Yaw damping makes aircraft longitudinal stability better by damping oscillationsin the yaw axis.It operatesindependentlyof the automatic flight system. The yaw damper channels can be engaged togetheror separately.damper panelengageschannel1. Yaw Damper Linear Actuator Referto Figure18.Both yaw damperscan be engaged independentlyof the autopilotthroughthe yaw damperpanel.A singleyaw damperdisconnect pushbuttonswitchon theyaw damper panel disengagesthe engaged yaw damper(s).eventhoughbothyaw damperswork together.a ball screwoutputraln.eshydraulic valves that move the nrdder.turn exit.3 inch which correspondsto t3 degrees of rudder for dual yaw damper operationand+1. Due to this arrangement.causedutch roll. 3. The YD 2 pushbutton switch engageschannel2.andan LVDT. COMPONENT DBTAILS A. Eachyaw damperis selectedthroughpushbutton switcheson theyaw damperpanel. T\e yaw dampers engageif the FCC finds no unusualattitudesor rates. The yaw damperpanelis installedin the center pedestalandsecuredwith four turnlockfasteners.turn entry. The yaw damper panel has two momentary pushbuttonswitcheswith the legendsYD I and YD 2.They independentlyengage eachchannelof the yaw damper. GENERAL Each FCC in the IAPS containsa yaw damper function.if not corrected. The autopilot automaticallydisengageswhen both yaw dampers are either manually or automaticallydisengaged.Itsuppliesyaw damping.Avionics/ElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual YAWDAMPER 1.285 inch. the yaw damper commandsto the linear actuatorsare limitedto *0.Thereis alsoa momentarypushbuttonswitch labelled DISC whichis usedto disengage theyawdampermode.Each FCC commandsits own linearactuator. making it a dual channelsystem. These oscillations. Eachlinearactuatorhasa brushlessDC motor.a single yaw damper can command rudder movement. 22-00-00 Pagell0 Feb l3l95 . Therearetwo linear actuators(onefor eachyaw damperchannel). The travelof the linear actuatoris mechanically limited to 10. and steady-stateturn coordinationfor the full flight envelope. The YD I pushbuttonswitchon the yaw.

anaEtarr TrainingManual AvionicVElectricalMaintenance @@ mm@ YAW DAMPER PANEL .LOCATION FIGURE30 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page111 Febl3l95 .6.

To disengage theyaw dampers.the input voltageto the actuatormotor decreasesto 0 volt DC. Yaw Damper Monitoring Referto Figure31.canadarr TrainineManual AvionicVElectricalMaintenance When the yaw damper is engaged. The LVDTs measurethe position of the output rod. This causesthebraketo set.When the DISC switchis pushed. TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Pagell2 Feb 13/95 . A. An excessiveerror signal or position at the of the mechanicalstop causesdisengagement respectiveyaw damper. Automatic disengages the of a yaw damper occurs if a disengagement failure condition is detected while the FCC monitors the yaw damper.If aircraftyawingis found.Thecommandis compared to the actualposition fed backfrom the actuator to produceanerror signal. Theyawdampingsignalis appliedtotheactuator motor.the DISC switch on the yaw damperpanel is pushed. Theyaw damperpositioncommandis calculated by the control laws in the main processorand is senttotheservoloop.the FCC monitorsfor aircraftyawing.The primary flight displayshowsayellow YD symbolwhentheyaw damperis disengaged. andsendthis positionsignalto the FCC for controlfunctions.whichpreventsoutputram channel.theFCCsendsyaw dampingsignalsto the two linear actuatorsin the vertical stabilizer. movementfor the disengaged Disengagementof the two yaw dampersalso autopilot.which extendsor retractsthe outputram.This signalthendrives the actuatoruntil its position matchesthat of the command.

e:! is =i 6l /? l3 . = t tZ d./ > uJ a Y o o m //.y .tr. .ii A t:. YM 'o- vt 1Z_ r# tl r*ll L ilcE I u \ = F o UJ I llJ ta IH r: o tr t > lo I I I I I I t I I I I I JI fr2 /3 J o tr F z o o F f { o F i:i:::::i:::!:tr::::: .'l /-t- '=i o tr F z o o G.JRE.1:]1]! o :) =:::::::r::::: tlJ :::::.tlt'ii I I l$ OE $l {E5I {.E .'. 6t .o T.O- .?tfiE 4 i.BLOCK DIAGRAM FIGURE 31 TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Pagell3 Feb 13/95 .L sE . -fEI = o (r o ffi F f o F l t t/ // o 5g v Y z = Srr k9 oF FZ aO s sf JF i< 99 q) ig !tt (L :' q l------ aaa lfl dldld) :k :rF l"' ln T ----t--r- o IL N :k @oo soo ---rrt I i. Ir ( a9 X 8: lri N I I E a?r 5 ra- HHHo E si Y gEE HE $** x-t x 6 N N YAW DAMPER ARCHITECTI.- ol "-.i:.anad..arr TrainingManual Maintenance AvionicVElectrical tr^T) r g5i X a9 ) {""anl Ir I^-^3^| E-A& l------I I I t I I I I I --- rrr--a | I T' I lg I !1tr Y LI Jt- F 7 77 i.sn tl =atr:f z o E6 = I I I I I ! I I I I o= Eg a I s5 ! I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I t I ! I T I I I I I I I I I I ! ! I t I I ! I I I I I I t I I t I I I T I pg [^*?j I :__L-_-- .a) J \ (L .i:::::: F:::r::::ii::: ol >:':!.

When operatingwith a single yaw damper.----J---. g N RI.maximum rudder travel is reduced by half.r lr WALKING: i RUDDER ^. BEAM-i--4 ---1'---r ll L------- #2SENSORS COMMAND a Q ts 4RFRAME-I +YAWDAMPET I E oi 8.FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM FIGURE 32 TRAIMNG REFERENCE OI{LY 22-00-00 N a E Page114 Feb 13/95 . SingleYaw Damper Operation Referto Figure32.'DDER SUBSYSTEM.Avionics/ElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual B.the gainis doubledto maintainthe desiredposition. However. #1 SENSORS .

anactarr AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTrainins Manual THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page115 Feb l3l95 .E.

displaysselectedinputsto thc FCCS Reportmode.all AFCSmodeannunciations from the correspondingPFD. 3. AP ENG. The MDC records the diagnostic codes in nonvolatile memory thus allowing retrieval of these codes after the aircraft is powered down.theAPXFRpushbuttonswitchontheFCP is usedto selectwhichFCCprovides displaydata to the MFD.performthefollowing: 1. A blue arrowon the diagnosticpage indicateswhich FCC is driving the display. 22-00-00 Page116 Feb l3195 . Pressthe RDR pushbuttonswitch on the display control panel to select FCC DIAGNOSTICS. The FCC that is in diagnosticmode drives the MFD display. REPORT MODE Referto Figure33. and STEERcodesbeforepower shutdown. The FCC computersdo not storediagnosticsin nonvolatile memory. It is importantto record all six digits of any nonzero code for REPAIR.a nonzerorepair code existedwhenweighton wheelsoccurred TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 2. 2. Whether FCC diagnostic codes can be recorded during a flight dependson the number of LRU faults the MDC can record during a given flight and the number of faults already recordedwhen the diagnostic codesare sent.an attempt to engagethe autopilot failed AP disengagecode . When the FD pushbutton gooff switchisset.The FCSdiagnosticsarecontrolled by theFCCsandnot by the MDC.'Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainingManual FCSDIAGNOSTICS 1.anacta. Certain FCC diagnostic codes are sent to the TheFCCsendsthe MDC forrecordingpurposes.The FCC computersbegin recording dataat power-up and retain this data only while powerremainson. right.6.displaysandcontrol selectedFCC outputs. AFCSdiagnostics consistof threebasicmodesas follows: Input mode.an abnormal autopilot disengageoccurred YD engage. The FCC diagnostic codesrecordedduring flight are available for display on the avionics fault history page. To enterthereportmode.Whenboth FCCsarein diagnostic mode.orbothFCCscanbeputinto diagnosticmodeby theuseof the appropriateFD pushbuttonswitch. AP engagecode . Refer to Figure 33 forproceduresto enterandexit AFCS diagnostics.displaysselectedinternal FCC monitor information Outputmode. YD DIS. The MFD displaystheMAINTENANCE MENU page.an abnormal yaw damper disengageoccurred.AP DIS. This display provides historical information on fault sequences from several flight legs. YD ENG. GENERAL The FCS diagnosticsprovidea meansto isolate faultswithin theFCS. Set pilot reversionarysourceselectswitch locatedbehindpilot's seatto MAINT. following codesto theMDC: Repaircode. Move the MFD cursor to the FCC DIAGNOSTICS position using the BRG pushbuttonswitcheson the display control panel.Thediagnosticsareusedif an autopilotor flight directorproblemexiststhat cannot be isolatedafter viewing the avionics statuspage.TheMFD displaystheFCC DIAGNOSTICSinstructionpage.an attempt to engage the yaw damper failed YD disengagecode . Eithertheleft.

The MFDdisplaysthe MAINTENANCE N a @ B st Y a !r x 6 N E ENTERING FCC DIAGNOSTICSPAGES FIGURE33 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 PagelI7 Febl3l95 . MENUpage. o Turnthe DCPFORMATknobonedetentwhilepushingthe DCPRDRbutton.Pushthe DCPRDRbuttonto selectFCCDIAGNOSTICS.Thistransferscontrolof the MFD displayfromthe MDCto the FCC. o Turnthe pilotreversionary sourceselectsvttitch on the MFD' MENUpageis displayed TheMAINTENANCE . page. Thistransferscontrolof the MFDdisplayfromthe FCCto the MDC. Simultaneously buttonand holdfor onesecond'The REPORTMODEdiagnostic pageis thendisPlaYed on the MFD.c. the autopilot.Turnthe DCPFORMATknobone o The MFDdisplaysan instruction detentwhilepushingthe DCPRDRbutton. Simultaneously throughthe REPORTMODE. on howto enterFCCdiagnostics: tn" MFDdisptaysinstructions .andOUTPUTMODE diagnosticpages. EXITFCSDIAGNOSTICS: o Simultaneously pushanythreeFCPmodeselectbuttonsto exitFCC DIAGNOSTICS. pushanytwo FCPmodeselectbuttonsto cycle 3.anacta'r' TrainingManual Maintenance AvionicVElectrical ENTERFCSDIAGNOSTICS: to the MAINTposition. Disengage pushanytwo FCPmodeselectbuttonsandthe FD 2.INPUTMODE. 1. positionusingthe DCPBRG Movethe cursortothe FCCDIAGNOSTICS pointerselectswitches.

l computer.Ifthe AP ENG CODE is nonzero.This actiontransfers controlof the MFD displayfrom the MDC to theFCC. The name column lists five report mode parameters.If the REPAIRCODE is nonzero. To exit AFCS diagnostics.Figure34 describesthe code. Turn the FCP pitch wheel to changethe parameternext to the cursor. INPUT MODE. 11. 7. The report mode diagnosticpage displaysfive lines of reportparameters.The sameactionwith the right FD pushbuftonswitch clearsthe right sidereport mode data. PushanyFCPmodeselectbuttonto movethe cursorto the next line.If the AP DIS CODE is nonzero. Pressandhold theRDR switchandrotatethe FORMAI knob on the displaycontol panel onedetent.This code collectsdataon all eventsthat occur after power-up.Pressingeither switch a secondtime returnsto the reportmode.Figure34 describesthe displayed code. The AP DIS CODEexplainswhy the autopilotdisengaged itself. Simultaneously selectpushbutton switchescyclesthroughthe REPORT MODE. Eachline containsa pararnetername. 22-00-00 Pagell8 Feb l3195 .This codenamesall conditionsthat arecurrentlypreventingthe AP engage. The RIGHT code column displays the hexadecimalcodefrom theFCCNo. Pressandhold theRDR switchandrotatethe FORMAI knob one detent. TheLEFT codecolumndisplaysthe hexadecimalcodefrom theFCCNo. The MFD displays the MAINTENANCE MENU pageon theMFD.Eanacra'r AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTrainins Manual 4. Referto Figure34. Control of the MFD is tansferred from the FCC to the TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY MDC. The most useful report mode parametersare describedbelow: The REPAIRCODE summarizesall errors detecledby theFCC monitors. Simultaneouslypressany three FCP mode selectpushbuttonswitches. 8.FCP modepushbutton switchesselectreportmodeoperations.Pressandhold the left FD pushbuttonswitch for 3 secondsto manuallyclear the left side reportmodedata.This codenamesall conditionsthat arecurrentlypreventingtheAP engage. Push and hold any two FCP mode select pushbuttonswitchesand the FD pushbutton switch for I second.The MFD then displaysinstructionson how to enterFCC diagnostics.Simultaneouslypush any two FCP mode selectpushbuttonswitchesto selectinput mode. 5.Presstheright FD pushbutton switch for the right FCC repair code summary. 10.anda RIGHT diagnosticcode. 2. Parameternamesthat denoteerrorsindicatedthe total numberof errors that have occurredsince power-up. pressingany two FCPmode 9.If thecodeis 000000.Figure34 describesthe code. 6. The AP ENG CODEexplainswhy the autopilotdoesnot engage. perform the following: l. Disengageautopilot.2 computer. The reportmodeprovidesa reporton the internal flight control system monitoring activity performedby the FCC computers. 12.Pressthe left FD pushbuttonswitchfor the left FCCrepaircodesummary.a LEFT diagnosticcode.no faults have beendetected. and OUTPUTMODE diagnosticpages.The REPORTMODE diagnosticpage is then displayedon the MFD.

anda RIGHTdiagnostic reportmodeoperations. 6 N REPORT . FCPmodebuttonsselect a LEFTdiagnostic code.Eachlinecontainsa parametername.anacta/^ nEercNALl%fi v '\9. MODE DIAGNOSTICPAGE FIGURE 34 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page119 Feb l3l95 . N e N ai Y o_ o.c.9 AvionicVElectricalMaintenance TrainingManual controlsystem monitoring The reportmodeprovidesa reporton the internalflight activityperformedby the FCCcomputers.The reportmodediagnosticpage displaysfive linesof reportparameters. code.

TRAIMNG REFERENCEONLY 22-00-00 Page120 Feb 13/95 . The display sourceindicator is an arow that points left or right to indicate which FCC is providingdisplaydatato theMFD.The FCPpitch knob can be usedto selectparameters.If morethan oneproblemexists. Thatway. Simultaneouslypushing any two FCP mode selectpushbuttonswitchescycletheMFD to the nextFCSdiagnosticmode. The STEERCODEexplainswhy flight directortail (FD) is annunciated on the PFD.If the YD ENG CODEis nonzero.Theright MFD is manually cleared of report mode codes by pressingand holding the right FD pushbutton switchon theFCC. Move the MFD cursor to the FCC DIAGNOSTICS position using the BRG pushbuttonswitcheson the display control panel. Pushingtheright FD pushbuttonswitchdisplays an explanationof the code displayed in the RIGHT columnof thecursoredline. The report mode parametersare listed in alphanumericorder. 2.performthe following: 1.Figure34 describesthe code. The cursoralwaysdisplaysat theleft edgeof the name column.If the YD DIS CODEis nonzero.This codelatchesto identify the causeof thelastdisengage. Press the RDR pushbutton switch on the display control panel to select FCC DIAGNOSTICS.This code namesall conditionsthat arecurrently causingthe flight directorto fail. Operationis asdescribedfor the LEFT columnabove. The left MFD is manuallyclearedof reportmode codes by pressing and holding the left FD pushbuttonswitchon theFCC. 3.If thESTEERCODEiSNONZCTO.r Avionics/Electrical Maintenance TrainineManual The YD DIS CODEexplainswhy the yaw damperdisengaged itself. The MFD displays the MAINTENANCE MENU page. Set pilot reversionarysourceselectswitch located behind pilot's seat to MAINT. The lines of explanationdisplay in order of priority (topline is highestpriority).This codenamesall conditionsthat arecurrentlypreventingthe YD engage.TheMFD displaystheFCC DIAGNOSTICSinstructionpage.canad.Turning the display control panel FORMAT knob one detent while pushing the RDR pushbutton switch displays the maintenance menupageon theMFD.relatedproblems may alsodisappear. Figure34 describesthe code. TCAS messages may annunciatebelowthis line by the right edgeof thedisplay. The cursor indicates which pararneterline is active. The YD ENG CODEexplainswhy theyaw damperdoesnot engage.the highestpriority problem shouldbesolvedfirst. To entertheinput mode. T[rning the FCP pitch wheel changes the pararneterdisplayedon the cursoredline to the previous or next item in the report mode parameterlist. Simultaneouslypushing any three FCP mode select pushbutton switches exits FCC diagnostics. This is a dynamicdisplayandupdatesasthecodechanges.Figure34 describesthe code. Notethatboth left andrightFcc datadisplay.Whenthepushbutton switchesare pushedin report mode. The radar mode line annunciatesthe radar receiver/transmitter operating mode.but only oneFCC actuallytransmitsASCtr text to the MFD. Pushingtheleft FD buttondisplaysa shortsimple Englishexplanationof the codedisplayedin the LEIT column of the cursoredline. 3. INPUT MODB Referto Figure35. the MFD displaysthe input modediagnosticpage.a.Pushingany FCP modeselectpushbuttonswirchmovesthe cursor to the nextline.

e o o .anadarr Avionics/ElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual The inputmodedisplaysa readoutof selectedsignalscomingintothe FCC.a LEFTValue.Eachline The inputmodediagnostic containsthe signalname.a RIGHTvalue.FCP modeselectbuttonsand pitchwheelselectthe inputmode operations.g. This usefulforisolatingafailedLRUthatsuppliesdatato the FCC.Jt Y @o R' 5 N N INPUT MODE DIAGNOSTICPAGE FIGURE 35 TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page121 Feb 13/95 . modeis especially pagedisplaysfive linesof inputsignals.and a unitof measure (if applicable).

PressandholdtheRDR switchandrotatethe FORMATknob on the displayconrol panel onedetent. Disengageautopilot.The MFD displaysthe REPORTMODE diagnosticpage.). Simultaneouslypressany three FCP mode selectpushbuttonswitches. 5. invalid.a. PushanyFCPmodeselectbuttonto movethe cursorto thenextline.The cursorindicateswhich signal line is active. Pressandhold the RDR switchandrotatethe FORMAI knob on the displayconfrol panel onedetent. 1. 4. Disengageautopilot. Simultaneouslypress any two FCP mode select pushbuttonswitchesto display the INPUT MODE diagnosticpage. The MFD displaystheMAINTENANCE MENU page. Thecursoralwaysdisplaysat theleft edgeof the namecolumn.Control of the MFD is transferredfrom the FCC to the MDC.anaE aF AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTrainine Manual 4. Simultaneouslypress any nvo FCP mode select pushbuttonswitchesto display the OUTPUTMODE diagnosticpage.The MFD displaysinstructionson how to enter FCC diagnostics.The REPORTMODE diagnosticpageis displayedon the MFD. To enterthe outputmode. 2.Thisactiontransfers controlof the MFD displayfrom the MDC to the FCC.Eachline containsthe following: Signalname LEFT value RIGHT value Unit of measure(if applicable). 2. 7.performthefollowing steps: 1. 2 FCC computer.The LEFIT column displays the signal value at the TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY input of the No. The input mode displays a readoutof selected signalscoming into the FCC. Push and hold any two FCP mode select pushbuttonswitchesand the FD pushbunon switch for I second. 6. OUTPUTMODE Referto Figure36.Dashesare displayed insteadof a signalvalueif that input is missing. 9. Tum the FCP pitch wheel to changethe parameternext to the cursor.The RIGHT columndisplaysthe signalvalueat the input of the No.Thisactiontransferscontrolof the MFD displayfrom the MDC to theFCC. 3.TheMFD displaystheFCC DIAGNOSTICSinstructionpage. performthesesteps: To exit AFCS diagnostics. Set pilot reversionarysourceselectswitch locatedbehindpilot's seatto MAINT. (No systemuses every parameter.The MFD then displaysinstructionson how to enterFCC diagnostics. Move the MFD cursor to the FCC DIAGNOSTICS position using the BRG pushbuttonswitcheson the display control panel. 5. Pressand hold the RDR switch and rotate the FORMAI knob one detent. 22-00-00 Page122 Feb 13/95 . The MFD displays the MAINTENANCE MENU pageon the MFD. The input mode diagnostic page displays five lines of input signals. 6. 8. 4. 7. or not used. I FCC computer. FCP mode selectpushbuttonswitchesand pitch wheelselectthe input modeoperations. Press the RDR pushbuttonswitch on the display control panel to select FCC DIAGNOSTICS. Push and hold any two FCP mode select pushbuttonswitchesand the FD pushbutton switch for I second. The name column lists five input signals.

Eachlinecontainsthe signalname.LEFToutput. e o st v FN -t xx N N E OUTPUT MODE DIAGNOSTIC PAGE FIGURE 36 TRAINING REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page123 Feb l3195 .and modityoptions(if applicable).c.RIGHT output.anacta'r TrainingManual Maintenance Avionics/Electrical The outputmodeprovidesreadoutand controlof selectedFCC outputs.Linekeysselectthe outputmodeoperations.The output featureof this modeis enabledonlywhenboth FCC'sarein diagnostic controlling modeandthe aircraftis on the ground.The outputmodediagnosticpagedisplays five linesof outputsignals.

Turn the FCP pitch wheel to changethe parameternext to the cursor.The LEFT columndisplaysthe outputsignalfrom the No. The ouqputmode diagnosticpage display five lines of output signals.6. I FCC.2 FCC. perform the following: l. 2. 9. The output controlling featureof this mode is enabledonly when both FCCsarein diagnosticmodeandtheaircraftis on the ground. The output modeprovidesreadoutandcontrol of selectedFCC ouputs. The MAINTENANCE MENU pageon theMFD. To exit AFCS diagnostics.anacrarr AvionicVElectricalMaintenanceTraining Manual 8.The cursorindicateswhich signal line is active. Control of the MFD is ransferred from the FCC to the MFD displays the MDC. Thecursoralwaysdisplaysat theleft edgeof the namecolumn. Simultaneouslypressany threeFCP mode selectpushbuttonswitches. PushanyFCPmodeselectpushbuttonswitch to movethe cursorto thenextline.Each line containsthe following: Signalname LEFT output RIGHT output Modify options(if applicable). Pressandhold the RDR switchandrotatethe FORMAI knob one detent. The namecolumnliss five outputsignals. TRAIMNG REFERENCE ONLY 22-00-00 Page124 Febl3l95 . The RIGHT column displaysthe outputsignalfrom the No. Line keys selectthe outputmodeoperations.