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CIVE 1011Y(1)

Lecturer : Dr Proag

Videsha Beeslall

ID :1415346

4/25/2015

Using Excel

Introduction

In this assignment we consider the solving of linear equation in the form of matrix using excel. It

is quite an easy method compared to tradition one. Modern technologies have made our life

easier through different calculation problem. Papers are avoided and clean works are obtained by

using excel.

Simultaneous linear equations occur frequently in engineering in such areas as heat conduction,

molecular diffusion, fluid mechanics and in data regression. Excels Solver feature is used in a

to solve more complicated linear and nonlinear systems of equations.

Generally the term matrix (from mathematics) and array (from Excel) can be used

interchangeably to refer to data organized in row and column. Vectors are matrices consisting of

a single roe or column..Even though the functions are named with matrix there is no help in

Excel under matrix only array.

Using Excel

I.

Simultaneous linear equations occur frequently in engineering in such areas as heat conduction,

molecular diffusion, and fluid mechanics and in data regression. Excels Solver feature will be

used in a later chapter to solve more complicated linear and nonlinear systems of equations.

Consider the equations:

a1x +b1y +c1z + d1 = 0

a2x +b2y +c2z + d2 = 0

a3x +b3y +c3z + d3 = 0

If we find x, y and z by the elimination method, we obtain result that can be expressed in

determinant form thus:

X

c1

c2

c3

b1

b2

b3

=

d1

d2

d3

a1

a2

a3

Y

c1

c2

c3

d1

d2

d3

a1

a2

a3

Z

b1

b2

b3

c1

c2

c3

1

=

=

=

Note

The signs are alternating plus and minus

Find the value of x from the equations

2x +3y z -4 =0

3x +y + 2z -13 =0

x +2y 5z +11 =0

Using Excel

2. Finding determinant

The determinant of a matrix is a single value and is often encountered in solving systems of

equations. Only square matrices have a determinant.

To find determinant, o , the last terms (d) is omitted and a determinant with the remaining

coefficients and constant terms is formed.

This is written in the excel as follows:

After typing such a formula and after entering the arrays, you "enter" it with three keys pressed

at once: CTRL, SHIFT and ENTER. This indicates that a matrix (array) result really is desired. I

4

Using Excel

The same is applied for finding determinant of x.

3. Finding values of x

The multiplication function is then used for calculating X. the MMULT function is used and the

values of determinant obtained are used as arrays and hence X is obtained.

1

=

=

X is hence obtained as 2.

Using Excel

II.

A matrix is a set of real or complex number (or elements) arranged in a rows and columns to

form a rectangular array. The easier way to solve equation in the form of matrix is by the use of

excel. Solving equation is in the form of finding inverse matrix. Below is a list of steps of

solving a linear equation using the inverse matrix method:

Consider a new equation:

x +2y +z =4

3x -4y - 2z =2

5x +3y +5z =-1

In matrix form:

A.X =B

1

3

5

2

-4

3

1

-2

5

Matrix A

x

y

z

4

2

-1

Matrix X

Matrix B

Inverse of a matrix

1. Write the equations in matrix form (coefficient matrix) x [unknown vector] = right

hand side vector. [A][x] = [b].

Using Excel

2. Inverse matrix of A

a. The cells where the resulting inverse of matrix A is to be placed is highlighted.

b. Once you have highlighted the resulting matrix, and while it is still highlighted, enter

the following formula: = MINVERSE (A2:C4)

c. When the formula is entered, press the Ctrl key and the Shift key simultaneously,

and then press the Enter key. This will change the formula you just wrote to: {=

MINVERSE(A2:C4)}

d. The resulting matrix will be:

a.

b. The cells where the results is to be place is highlighted. (when a (3x3) matrix is

multiplied by a (3x1) matrix, a (3x1) matrix is formed.

Using Excel

d. While pressing Ctrl, SHIFT , we press the Enter key.. The resulting matrix si

therefore :

By using this method, equation in the form of a (60x60) matrix may be solved easily.

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