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DefuzzificationWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Defuzzification
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Defuzzificationistheprocessofproducingaquantifiableresultinfuzzylogic,givenfuzzysetsandcorrespondingmembershipdegrees.Itistypically
neededinfuzzycontrolsystems.Thesewillhaveanumberofrulesthattransformanumberofvariablesintoafuzzyresult,thatis,theresultis
describedintermsofmembershipinfuzzysets.Forexample,rulesdesignedtodecidehowmuchpressuretoapplymightresultin"DecreasePressure
(15%),MaintainPressure(34%),IncreasePressure(72%)".Defuzzificationisinterpretingthemembershipdegreesofthefuzzysetsintoaspecific
decisionorrealvalue.
Thesimplestbutleastusefuldefuzzificationmethodistochoosethesetwiththehighestmembership,inthiscase,"IncreasePressure"sinceithasa72%
membership,andignoretheothers,andconvertthis72%tosomenumber.Theproblemwiththisapproachisthatitlosesinformation.Therulesthat
calledfordecreasingormaintainingpressuremightaswellhavenotbeenthereinthiscase.
Acommonandusefuldefuzzificationtechniqueiscenterofgravity.First,theresultsoftherulesmustbeaddedtogetherinsomeway.Themosttypical
fuzzysetmembershipfunctionhasthegraphofatriangle.Now,ifthistriangleweretobecutinastraighthorizontallinesomewherebetweenthetop
andthebottom,andthetopportionweretoberemoved,theremainingportionformsatrapezoid.Thefirststepofdefuzzificationtypically"chopsoff"
partsofthegraphstoformtrapezoids(orothershapesiftheinitialshapeswerenottriangles).Forexample,iftheoutputhas"DecreasePressure(15%)",
thenthistrianglewillbecut15%thewayupfromthebottom.Inthemostcommontechnique,allofthesetrapezoidsarethensuperimposedoneupon
another,formingasinglegeometricshape.Then,thecentroidofthisshape,calledthefuzzycentroid,iscalculated.Thexcoordinateofthecentroidisthe
defuzzifiedvalue.

Methods
Therearemanydifferentmethodsofdefuzzificationavailable,includingthefollowing:[1]
AI(adaptiveintegration)[2]
BADD(basicdefuzzificationdistributions)
BOA(bisectorofarea)
CDD(constraintdecisiondefuzzification)
COA(centerofarea)
COG(centerofgravity)
ECOA(extendedcenterofarea)
EQM(extendedqualitymethod)
FCD(fuzzyclusteringdefuzzification)
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FM(fuzzymean)
FOM(firstofmaximum)
GLSD(generalizedlevelsetdefuzzification)
ICOG(indexedcenterofgravity)
IV(influencevalue)[3]
LOM(lastofmaximum)
MeOM(meanofmaxima)
MOM(middleofmaximum)
QM(qualitymethod)
RCOM(randomchoiceofmaximum)
SLIDE(semilineardefuzzification)
WFM(weightedfuzzymean)
Themaximamethodsaregoodcandidatesforfuzzyreasoningsystems.Thedistributionmethodsandtheareamethodsexhibitthepropertyofcontinuity
thatmakesthemsuitableforfuzzycontrollers.[1]

Notes
1. vanLeekwijck,W.Kerre,E.E.(1999)."Defuzzification:criteriaandclassification".FuzzySetsandSystems108(2):159178.doi:10.1016/S0165
0114(97)003370(https://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2FS01650114%2897%29003370).
2. Eisele,M.Hentschel,K.Kunemund,T.(1994)."Hardwarerealizationoffastdefuzzificationbyadaptiveintegration".ProceedingsoftheFourthInternational
ConferenceonMicroelectronicsforNeuralNetworksandFuzzySystems1994:318323.doi:10.1109/ICMNN.1994.593726
(https://dx.doi.org/10.1109%2FICMNN.1994.593726).
3. Madau,D.P.Feldkamp,L.A.(1996)."Influencevaluedefuzzificationmethod".FuzzySystems3:18191824.doi:10.1109/FUZZY.1996.552647
(https://dx.doi.org/10.1109%2FFUZZY.1996.552647).

Seealso
Fuzzylogic
Fuzzyset
Fuzzycontrol
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