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Std: 10

SCIENCE SEM 1

CHAPTER 1
Introduction To Nanotechnology
SIR (Ph): 9429976149

PURVESH

Q1 MCQs:
1). 10 nanometer = ............................................. meter.
2). Size of nanoparticles range
between ........................................................................... nm.
(A) 100 to 1000
(B) 0.1 to 10
(C) 1 to 100
(D) 0.01 to 1
3). Diameter of hydrogen atom is ............................................ nm.
4). Carbon atoms form ........................................................ bonds with other
carbon atoms.
5). Fullerene or bucky-ball is made up of ......................................... carbon
atoms.
6). Thermal conductivity of standard SWNT along its length is ...............................
Watt/m.K.
(March 2015) (July
2014)
7). 1 nanometer = ............................................... meter.
8). The diameter of a buckyball is around ..........................................................
nm.
9). What is the cutoff limit of human eye to
see? .................................................................
(A) 1 nm
(B) 100 nm
(c) 1000 nm
(D) 10000 nm
10). By which name is nanotechnology known for its higher performance?
(March
2015) ...................................................................................................................
11). Which of the following statement is true in case of carbon Nanotube?
(March 2014)
............................................................................................................
(A) Compressive strength is more compared to its tensile strength.
(B) Under excessive tensile strain, it does not show permanent deformation.
(C) Tensile strength of carbon Nanotube is very less compared to that of steel.
(D) Carbon Nanotubes can be bent like a rubber tube.
12). Microscopes are used to see extremely minute things which cannot be seen
by our naked eyes. These are some of the microscopes that are
invented. ............... (March 2014)
P.
Optical Microscope
Q.
Scanning Tunnelling Microscope
R.
Atomic Force Microscope

Which of the given microscope can be used to see nano


structures. .....................................
(A) Only P & Q
(B) Only P & R
(C) Only Q & R
(D) All P, Q & R
13). What is the maximum capacity of a normal human eye to see small objects?
..................................................................................................................
(March 2013)
(A) 10,000 micrometer
(B) 10 micrometer
(C) 100 micrometer
(D) 1000 micrometer
14). What is the diameter of Hydrogen atom in nm? ..............................................
(March 2013)
15). How much is the perimeter (magnitude) of the Integrated Circuit Transistor?
(July 2012)
.......................................................................................................
(A) 60 nm
(B) 90 A
(C) 50 nm
(D) 90 nm
16). 1 nanometer = ....................................................... meter
17). The size of Red blood cells is ......................................................... nm.
18). The size of E-coli bacteria is ........................................................... nm.
(A) 2000 nm
(B) 50 nm
(C) 2 nm
(D) 90 nm
19). The size of virus is about .......................................................... nm.
20). The width of typical DNA is around ...................................................... nm.
21). The width of carbon nonotube is around ........................................................
nm.
22). Diameter of hydrogen atom is ....................................................
(A) 1
(B) 10
(C) 0.1
(D) 0.01
23). What is the ratio of SA and V for a cube having 10 unit
length. ......................................
(A) 100
(B) 0.6
(C) 6
(D) 100
24). Thermal stability (equilibrium) of nanotubes in vacuum is
upto ..........................................
(A) 12 K
(B) 120 K
(C) 3100 K
(D) 310 K
25). Force acting between nanoparticles obeys the law
of .........................................................
(A) Gravitation (B) Newton's law of motion
(C) Quantum Mechanics (D) None
of these
26). What is the dimension of Quantum
dot? ................................................................
(A) 10 nm
(B) 1 nm
(C) 5 nm
(D) 50 nm
27). Who gave first scientific description about how materials show drastically
different and unique properties at nano
scale? ..................................................................................

(A) Richard P. Feynman


(B) K. Eric Drexler
(C) Michael Faraday
(D) Robert F. Curl
28). The size of the E-coli bacteria is ............................................................
(A) 2.0 x 106 m
(B) 5.0 x 103 cm
(C) 2.0 x 102 cm
(D) 5.0 x 103 mm
29). Which of the following has the dimension 1.3
nm? ........................................................
(A) Quantum Dot
(B) Carbon nanotube
(C) Buckyball (D) Hydrogen
atom
30). In bottom - up approach ................................................................system or
method is used.
(A) Cutting
(B) bending
(C) carving
(D) Chemical solution
deposition
31). Which of the following microscope cannot be used to see nano sized
particles? ..................................................................................................
(A) Compound microscope
(B) Scanning tunnelling microscope
(C) Atomic force microscope
(D) All of these
32). 1 nanometer is the .................................................................... part of a
meter.
(A) One millionth
(B) One billionth
(C) One tenth (D) One
thousandth
33). Fullerene exist naturally in ..........................................................
(A) candle wax
(B) candle soot
(C) lamp black (D) carbon black
34). The size of human RBC is .......................................................mm
(millimetre).
(A) 5 x 102
(B) 5 x 103
(C) 5 x 104
(D) 5 x
5
10
35). Which methods are not included in top down
method? ......................................................
(A) Carving
(B) Cutting
(C) Chemical Solution Deposition
(D) Moulding
36). Which of these were not involved in the discovery of
fullerene? ..........................................
(A) Robert Curl
(B) Sean O Brie
(C) Sumio Tijima
(D) Harold
Kroto
37). The tensile strength of carbon nanotubes is due to the
covalent .............................. bonds.
(A) sp2
(B) sp3
(C) sp4
(D) sp5

38). Thermal conductivity for SWNT and copper


is ........................................................
and .............................................................................. watt/mK respectively.
(A) 385, 3500
(B) 3500, 385
(C) 3100, 1000
(D) 1000, 3100
39). The capacity of a normal human eye to see the smallest object
is ................................. nm.
(A) 10
(B) 103
(C) 104
(D) 105
40). Metallic nanotubes can carry electric current of .....................................
Ampere per 1 cm2 cross-section of the tube.
(A) 10
(B) 105
(C) 108
(D) 109
41). Tensile strength of MWNT
is .........................................................................................
(A) 25 x 109 Pa
(B) 63 x 109 Pa
(C) 3500 Pa
(D) 6422 Pa
42). The C60 fullerenes in crystalline form is known
as .........................................................
(A) nanobuds
(B) metallofullerences
(C) fullerites
(D) MWNT
43). 1 m = .................................................... nm
44). 4 x 1011 nm= .................................................................... m.
(A) 400
(B) 40
(C) 0.4
(D) 4000
2
45). Metallic nanotubes can carry electric current per 1 cm cross-section of the
tube, which is ............................................................... times more than
conducting copper metal.
(A) 1000
(B) 100
(C) l0
(D) 0.1
46). MWNT show superconductivity upto the temperature
of ........................................ K.
(A) 10
(B) 11
(C) 12
(D) 13
47). What is the diameter of a bucky ball?
...........................................................................
(A) 1
(B) 10
(C) 1 nm
(D) 10 nm
48). Who first coined the word
'Nanotechnology'? .................................................................
(A) K. Eric Drexler
(B) R. P. Feynman
(C) Robert F. Curl
(D) Sumio Tijima
49). The Damascus steel was used in sword of which
King? ....................................................
(A) Tipu Sultan
(B) Haidar Ali
(C) King Poras
(D) Akbar
50). Scientists and technocrats expect fully matured nanotechnology to be
functioning by which
year? .......................................................................................
(A) 2025
(B) 2022
(C) 2020
(D) 2050

51). From the following who wasn't associated in discovery of


Fullerene? ............................
(A) R. P. Feynman
(B) Robert F. Curl
(C) Jr. Harold Kroto (D) James Heath
52). Smallest reported cluster of buckyball is ......................................................
(A) C10
(B) C20
(C) C30
(D) C60
53). Largest reported cluster of buckyball
is ........................................................................
(A) C100
(B) C560
(C) C60
(D) C540
54). What is hardness of
SWNT? ..................................................................................
(A) 25 x 109 Pa
(B) 63 x 109 Pa
(C) 60 x 102 Pa
(D) 60 x 109 Pa
55). What is thermal stability of nanotube in
air? .........................................................................
(A) 1,000 K
(B) 3100 K
(C) 8,000 K
(D) 20,000 K
56). What is wavelength of visible
light? .........................................................................
(A) 100 nm - 200 nm
(B) 400 nm - 700 nm
(C) 100 nm - 400 nm
(D) 200 nm - 800 nm
57). The diameter of human hair is ............................................................
(A) 5000 nm
(B) 7500 nm
(C) 75000 nm
(D) 50000 nm
58). What is the dimension of nanoshell? .......................................................
(A) 10 nm
(B) 100 nm
(C) 50 nm
(D) 1000
nm
59). What is diameter of a Bucky
ball? ........................................................................
(A) 100 nm
(B) 1 nm
(C) 1 mm
(D) 100 mm
60). What is dimension of integrated circuit
transistor? .......................................................
(A) 9 nm
(B) 5 nm
(C) 50 nm
(D) 90 nm
61). What is the width of DNA
molecules? ...................................................................
(A) 1 nm
(B) 2 nm
(C) 0.1 nm
(D) 20 nm
62). Which of the following is one of the types of
nanotubes ? ............................................
(A) SWNT
(B) MWTN
(C) SNWT
(D) WMNT
63). Which scientist prepared and explained the nanotube structure for the first
time? .......................................................................................................
(A) K. Eric Drexler
(B) R. P. Feynman
(C) Robert F. Curl
(D) Sumio Tijima
64). There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom Who had given this statement?

................................................................................................................................
.......
(A) K. Eric Drexler
(B) Richard P. Feynman
(C) Robert F. Curl
(D) Sumio Tijima
65). .......................................................... an ayurvedic medicine are actually
metallic mineral preparations of biologically produced nanoparticles.
(A) Brahmos
(B) Brahmas
(C) Bahamas
(D) Bhasmas
66). 1 nanometre = ....................................................... micron.
(A) 103
(B) 109
(C) 106
(D) 109
67). 1 micron = ............................................................... nm.
(A) 103
(B) 1
(C) 1000
(D) 100
68). An important parameter that determines the functioning of a nanomaterial
is the ..................................................................................................... ratio.
(A) Surface Area to Volume
(B) Volume to Surface Area
69). The common name for carbon based nanostructures
is ..................................................
(A) Bucky-ball
(B) Fullerene
(C) Carbon nanotubes
(D) Carbon
nanobuds
70). Nanotubes with single cylinder are called ...............................................
(A) MWNT
(B) STNW
(C) SNTW
(D) SWNT
71). The sword of Tipu Sultan was made up
of ................................................................... steel.
(A) Damacrus
(B) Damarcus (C) Damasrus
(D) Damascus
72). For nanostructured materials, the SA to V (SA/V) ratio
is ........................................ which improves the reactivity.
(A) large
(B) small
(C) equal
(D) one
73). A paper thin sheet of cellulose with carbon nanotube can act
as .......................................................................................................
(A) highly efficient battery
(B) Hydrogen fuel cells
(C) Carbonic Solar cells
(D) bulletproof clothing
74). In fullerene each Catom is covalently bonded to three atoms
with? ...................................................................................
(A) one "doublebond"
(B) one "singlebond"
(C) two "doublebond"
(D) two "singlebond"
75). 2000 year ago; Greeks and Romans were using nanoparticles for which
purpose? .............................................................................................
(A) HairDye formula
(B) EyeMake up
(C) Glittering effect on Pots.
(D) an ayruvedic medicines
76). Ancient Egyptians were using nanolead compound for which
purpose? ...................................................................................................

(A) EyeMake up
(B) Glittering effect on Pots
(C) an ayruvedic medicines
(D) Hair-Dye formula
77). The magnitude of Quantum dot is ....................................................
(March 2011)
(A) 10
(B) 100
(C) 5 nm
(D) 50 nm
78). The full form of STM is ..............................................................
(A) Scanning Tunneling Microscope
(B) Scientific Technical Microscope
(C) Systematic Technical Microscope
(D) Super Tensile Microscope
79). What does 'F' stand for in
AFM? ...........................................................................
(A) Fine
(B) Front
(C) Force
(D) Flux
(80). Who had invented the famous 'Geodesic' dome
structure? .........................................
(A) Eric Drexler (B) Buckminster Fuller
(C) Richard Smalley (D) Faraday
81). Nanoparticles of which substance were found on the surface of the sword of
Tipu Sultan? ..........................................................................................
(A) Gold
(B) Lead
(C) Carbon
(D) Silicon
82). Egyptians were using ........................................................... to prepare
make-up for eyes.
(A) nanoaluminium (B) nanocopper
(C) nanosteel
(D)
nanolead
83). Which of the following statement/s is are
true? ................................................................
i. Volume to surface area ratio is very large for nanomaterials.
ii. The cut-off limit of human eye is 10-5 m.
iii. Hardness of a SWNT is about 63 x 109 Pa.
iv. Carbon nanotubes are cylindrical fullerenes.
(A) All four
(B) (ii) and (iv)
(C) (i), (ii) and (iv) (D) (ii), (iii)
and (iv)
84). Nano particles of which atom are used to control collateral damage due to
explosion? .................................................................................................
(A) Copper
(B) Aluminium
(C) Carbon
(D) Lead
85). Each 'C' atoms can covalently bonded with how many other
atoms? ..................................
(A) Two
(B) Four
(C) One
(D) Three
86). Which special property does the nano aluminium
possess? .................................................
(A) Chemically more reactive
(B) Low freezing point
(C) High tensile strength
(D) High Thermal conductivity
87). Which geometrical shapes are observed in the construction of fullerene
(bucky-ball)? .....................................................................................................

(A) Rhombus
(B) Triangle
(C) Pentagon and Hexagon
(D)
Pentagon
88). Buckyballs with different numbers of C- atoms are reported with smallest
cluster of ............................................................... to
largest ........................................................................
(A) C20 C450
(B) C20 C70
(C) C60 C540
(D) C20 C540
89). The tensile strength of MWNT
is ......................................................................... Pa.
(A) 6.3 X 1010
(B) 63 X 1010
(C) 6.3 X 109
(D) 0.63 X 109
90). The hardness of standard SWNT is
about .................................................................. Pa.
(A) 2.5 X 109
(B) 25 X 109
(C) 25 X 10-9
(D) 2.5 X 10-9
91). ............................................................................... are cylindrical fullerene.
(A) Carbon nanobuds (B) Carbon nanotubes (C) Bucky ball (D) Fullerites
92). Diameter of hydrogen atom is ............................................. m
(A) 0.01
(B) 1
(C) 109
(D) 1010
(E) 109
93). Thermal conductivity of standard SWNT along its length
is ...........................................
(A) 3500

(B) 385

W
mK

(C) 35,000

(D) 35
W

94). The thermal conductivity of copper is ............................................ mK


(A) 3500
(B) 385
(C) 35,000
(D) 35
95). Along the axis of the tubes, nanotubes are
good ..................................................................
96). Which of the following falls into sub nano
range? .........................................................
(A) DNA (B) Carbon nonotubes (C) Diameter of hydrogen atom (D) Size of
Bacteria
97). Nanotechnology is a science which involves the study of matter particles.
(July 2014)
.......................................................................................................
(a) Whose all the dimensions are less than 103 m
(b) Whose at least one dimension is between 1 nm and 100 nm
(c) Which cannot be seen with naked eyes
(d) Whose all dimensions are between 1 nm and 100 nm
98). Which is the most important property of nonmaterial?
(March 2013
Old)
....................................................................................................
(A) Friction
(B) Pressure
(C) Temperature
(D) Force
99). Fullerene are similar in structure to ........................................................
(A) diamond
(B) graphite
(C) lamp black
(D)
Amorphous Coal
100). 1 micron = ................................................... m

(A) 106
6

(B) 103

(C) 103

(D) 10

101). 1 nm = .......................................... (Angstrom).


(A) 0.1
(B) 1
(C) 10
(D) 100
102). Richard P Feynman emphasized on the concept
of ..........................................................
(A) modification
(B) improvisation
(C) miniaturisation (D) fabrication
103). 1 nm = ..................................................... cm.
(A) 109
(B) 108
(C) 107
(D) 103
104). Which of the following is the example of monolayer of
graphite? .....................................
(A) diamond
(B) graphene
(C) glassy carbon (D) coke
105). Size of E-coli bacteria is ............................................ micron.
(A) 2000
(B) 5000
(C) 2
(D) 2 x 103
106). Size of E-coli bacteria = ........................................................
(A) 2000
(B) 5000
(C) 2 x 104 (D) 2 x 103 (E) 2
106). Size of virus is .........................................................
(A) 2000
(B) 50
(C) 5000
(D) 500
107). Which of the following is an allotrope of carbon at nano
scale? .....................................
(A) Diamond
(B) Graphite
(C) Fullerene
(D) Amorphous