ABSTRACT
I derive the more fundamental equation where I focus on how to neglect inertia terms of the Navier stokes
equation, since this is well understood where the consideration of the additional viscous terms in the Navier stokes
equation is a topic of current research. We considered two examples for inertia term of Navier Stokes equation where I
neglecting viscous term in driving the Reynolds equation for couple stress fluid which I can also proved to be important in
some situation. First case any surface feature under couple stress fluid resulting in film geometry where
= 0(1) or
= 0(1). The singularity comes from the additive conjunction of blinding of additive moles at the curvature which is
less serve than the one arising from the film gradient, but in both cases using the Reynolds equation will not allow a proper
matching between the fluid regions. The second example implicated where the Reynolds equation will not describe what
occur a solid particle is within the conjunction. The significant error is to be determining with inertia effect and without
inertia effect between them in these research paper.
INTRODUCTION
In typical hydrodynamic lubricated thrust and journal bearing the inertia effects are small relative to the viscous
effect for couple stress fluid used as lubricant. The modified Reynolds equation of couple stress fluid et all [2] effects can
sometime be important. Any change in pressure in the inlet region of a foil bearing can greatly affects the behaviour of the
enter bearing. Such a change in pressure can be caused by inertia effects if the fluid velocity and inertia are high enough to
create a pressure component. The inertia effect can be significant if a separation bubble exist when flow enters the film
around a sharp edge corner as is the case in hydrostatic when flow goes from the recessed region to the bearing region.
Besides the important of inertia terms of the Navier stokes equation, the neglecting inertia terms in deriving the Reynolds
equation et all [5] Hamrock & Myllerup. I taken two examples, first one example is any surface feature with additive
blending resulting in film geometry where
=0(1) or
describe what occur in the lubricant conjunction is when a solid particle is within the conjunction of additive blending.
In Couple stress fluid R (Reynolds number) was defined as the ratio of inertia effects to viscous effects.
Two example are i taken that any surface feature in augural where in presence of additive in couple stress fluid feature
resulting a film pressure geometry where
= 0(1) or
rotation of additive mole is less serve than the one arising from the film gradient, but in both cases using the Reynolds
equation will not allows a proper matching between the fluid regimes. Reynolds equation will not describe what occurs in
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Sugato Ghosh
the lubricant conjunction with blending with additive moles is when a solid particle is within its molecular conjunction.
ANALYSIS
The governing modified Reynolds equation in two dimensional for an incompressible fluid is
=6U
+ 12
(1)
, ,=
!
=1+cos(
"
+2
(2)
Now we used coupled stress fluid and considering Strokemicro quantum equation barriers with all parameters.
The modified Reynolds equation can be finally derived as
$%(, ')
(+ $%(, ')
( =6)U
(3)
."
/0
' = ,

,= 12345(
, =
,89 =
),2 = ,= ,7= ,
6
1
:/;
<
=( #,)
(4)
To illustrate the results of considering inertia effect of Couple Stress fluid under laminar flow condition a simple
case is considered where
Side leakage under laminar flow of couple stress fluid are neglected.
>
=?@ =G@ 
+A
C
+A
>
F
>
>
F
+
+
D ED
D ED
C
(5)
(6)
Inertia Effect Under Couple Stress Fluid in Laminar Flow Condition in Journal Bearing
H
=I@ 
+A
D ED
(7)
+L
>
H
+L
MD
MD
MD
>
MD
>
(8)
(9)
=0
(9a)
The velocity components are defined in terms of steam functions, therefore, the Navier stokes and continuity
equation are made under dimensionless by letting.
Now again nondimensional terms followed
= , = ,U=NR x=ROP ( , 7),7=
OP ( , 7),OA =
#
Q
, = O( , 7) ,=
The relative importance of inertia to viscous force in any flow problem can be written as, the Reynolds number
R=
RS6T R@
FR91P>9
However, in fluid film lubrication because of the dominance of the viscous terms in couple stress fluid
>
, the
RS6T R@
FR91P>9
U =
MVW
#"
VXV
Y
,U =
Or U =U
MDW
# " V ZV
/
,U =
Z
V
/V
MV #" V
D D
=R
O=
#
Q
,O =
#
Q
,O =
#
Q
!>V V

O (], 7) ,
According to Dipriam and Stuart (1972) recommended, the following method of solution to nonlinear problem
describe in these equation
O=OAA ( , 7)+
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OA ( , 7)+U O A ( , 7) +
OA ( , 7)+
U O ( , 7)+U
O A ( , 7)+.....
(10)
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Sugato Ghosh
P= AA
( , 7) +
( , 7) + U
( , I) +
A ( , 7)+U A ( , 7) +
= AA+
A ( , 7)+
( , 7)+
( , 7) +U
A ( , 7)+......
(11)
U ( , 7)+U A ( , 7) +
(12)
(+
`
#Z
(13)
#gD
"D
U {$
_DD
Dg
#D"
i+
(+
#DD
jOU h
[Though O=
DD
#Dg
gD
+U
#gg
+U
+U
Dg
#gD
"D
+U
#"D
ih
DD
#D"
DD
"D
gg
Dg
#gg
+U
+U
"D
+U
gD
gg
#"D
kl
+........} +U h
"D
DD
gg
#Dg
(14)
It is a integral approach Ist Navier Stokes equation and from 3rd NavierStokes equation considering continuity
equation, to write modified Reynolds Equation of Couple Stress
Fluid (NonNewtonian). We get terms of 0(1);
]; 0(Um ), respectively for that first collecting terms 0(1); 0$ ( , and 0(U ). To be distinguished either the
0[
:/;
#
=( #,)
DD
0=
Dg Q
0=
+(
+
#gD
#DD
DD
DD
DD
(15)
#DD
, 0(U ) respectively.
DD
(16)
DD
(17)
Now for finding value considered the boundary condition as they are in the Equation (15)(17)
Inertia Effect Under Couple Stress Fluid in Laminar Flow Condition in Journal Bearing
When =
=0and
(18)
Journal surface
>
u(x,h,z)=U,
(x,h,z)=0
(19)
P=
Dg
+U
_gD
gD
D"
gg
D"
+U
+.....=1
(20)
So,
DD
Dg
=1,
(21)
gD
(22)
=0
DD
Dg
+U
_gD
gD
D"
D"
( , 7) = A ( , 7) = 0
gg
+U
D"
+.....=0
DD
Dg
gD
=0
(23)
# oo AND poo )
ORDER 1 SOLUTION (n
#=qA
q
(], 7)(
+[r4,5 +, ](1) t AA
( , 7) +
( , 7) + U
A ( , 7) +
( , 7)uXt
AA (], 7)
+
(24)
#A at journal y =h ; u(x,y,z)=U
When u=q
#=q
#A
q
+Const[ AA
( , 7) (], 7)]
(25)
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Sugato Ghosh
DD
Dg
Dg
DD
( +$
DD
[Taking $
DD
( +$
( ( ( , 7)
(26)
(27)
( +$
(=$
:Q( , )
=( ,)
(=w ]
=( ,)
=( ,)
DD
DD
( +$
DD
(}+[w ]
( ( , 7))
O( , 7)= w
(28)
(7 = 0)=
(7 = 1)
#DD
(h=0)
(29)
(30)
Where;
" =~
DD
# (, z) =~ (, z) ; (, z) =~
;
#
}
(,z)=6{[}AA (O( , 7))] }AA [(O( , 7))] +[AA (O( , 7))] + rAA
(31)
Thus,
(32)
DD
6(
(33)
(34)
Inertia Effect Under Couple Stress Fluid in Laminar Flow Condition in Journal Bearing
p(,z)=$(%c, ' d)
DD
(2+6c%(, ' d
DD
+O[ , 7]
(35)
AA
exactly modified Reynolds Equation used in equation (3) while neglecting sideleakage and inertia terms. Similar to
mathematical induction method.
ORDER
# o )
# o AND p
SOLUTION (n
=
DD
#DD
DD
(36)
= cAA d
DD
#DD
+} ( , 7)
(37)
:
Dg
(38)
=}A ( , 7) ( , 7) +[}A
( , 7)] +A ( , 7)(,z)+rA ( , 7)
(39)
Though
O=OAA (], 7)+OOA (x, z)
Higher order neglecting,
(40)
=( ; 7)[}A ( , 7) 1]+}A ( , 7) $1
Dg
Dg ( , )
(
#
=$
+}A 6 12'
2 +,
( , )!
(
#
W
"
961
(41)

" !
#" !
#
W
" @S " "!
# "
W
"
" @S
(42)
vA =(%c, ' dv
isech(
z% c, ' d{
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?53
( tc 1d + 1 + 4' $5,2
3452
(u /
(43)
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Sugato Ghosh
#
# 961
= cW,d =( #,)
c 1d + 1 + 4' $5,
345
( i
(44)
Having an expression for }A as well as Equation (36) is finding OA (,z) given equation (36).
# o )
INERTIA CORRECTION (no andp
DD
#gD
$6%(, % )
DD
#gD
[O( , 7)]
#gD
[O( , 7)]
(45)
=
#DD
=( #,)
)+fc, ' d
DD
#gD
+O( , 7)
+}AA ( , 7)+zAA ( , 7)
( ( AA
)  (O)fc, ' d AA
(46)
#
=( #,)
=0 (1)
Z=0 and
=( #, )
=0 (2)
Z=1 and AA
=1 (3)
DD
Z=1 and
=1 (4)
=( #,
(i 
%c, ' d
(47)
(48)
FORCE COMPONENT
It being posse, it is a steam function with nonlinear nonnewtonian pressure discrimination function, related to
the bearing surface.
It posses with normal stress acting in journal cyclic rotation on the surface geometry.
Null tic all the terms isothermal imcompresessable. It being posses with CoupleStress ingredient divergent flow
with null tic end leakage under creation of Inertia vector tensor. By ethological Couches Stress.
[ = p +[ C +[
+2A
>
(49)
YD
=$
>
>
(50)
Inertia Effect Under Couple Stress Fluid in Laminar Flow Condition in Journal Bearing
Boundary Condition
7=0 inlet
(51)
7=1 exist
#D
Y0
[ =#
"
(52)
t AA
+
YD
# DD ( , )
Q
+U
(
AA
, 7) + O
( DD
( , )
+U
# DD ( , ) DD
( , d
cQ
+O

#"
U (7)/
DD ( , )
A U)A u
(53)
(54)
A A
@ )v
(55)
H
# \ D"
YD >DD
= ~A t AA
+
= ,DD +
,PP ~A
, A =~A
+2
A
U L
,A
# DD
Q
`
# DD
Q
`
+U
, A
+U
#"
>
U (7)/
A U)A u
(56)
(57)
(58)
(59)
DD
( +6 %c, ' d
DD 2
) +O( , 7)
DD
+O(,z)
(60)
(61)
VV
(62)
~A ~A c%(, ' d(
DD
) + O( , 7) i v
(63)
Intergradations by parts
=$~A
= ,AA
DD
#
%(, ')
DD
(64)
ERROR CALCULATION
The aseptic nonconformable incompressible fluid film lubricant without inertia posse the quatic V. K. Stock
micro quantum equation.
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10
Sugato Ghosh
= %(, ' )
DD
+6
(65)
the actual posse of couple stress hydrodynamic journal Bearing considering inertia
w =$
DD
QDD
DD
( % c, ' d
(66)
(67)
Stress fluid Reynoldss number U is calculated with its inertia effect in modulate with solution of pressure, steam function
and force component terms barriers with viscous incompressible fluid phase. Pressure and Stream functions were
expressed with the inertia corrections in V. K. Stroke microquantum. First order inertia correction and
terms also
derived. Analytical solutions were obtained for each of the terms while neglecting terms higher order effect. A number of
assumptions were also imposed; including all neglect ting terms such as side leakage and body force which are assume
fluid flow incompressible, steadystate. It is on accunatic additive spinic in inertia point off its educational approach and it
laid zero cavitations zone. The first order terms for the normal loadcarrying capacity and the shear stress were found the
generalised paper is same as. Furthermore, it was found that the inertia correction approaches zero as a parallel film shape
for couple stress fluid lubricant was approached and becomes more significant as the film thickness ratio was deserved.
Comparing equation help to form comparative error in this paper.
REFERENCES
1.
2.
JawRen Lin, Effects of Couple Stress on the Lubrication of finite journal Bearings. Wear 206(1997) 171178
3.
B. C. Majumdar, R Pai and D J Hargreaves, Analysis of waterlubricated journal bearings with multiple axial
grooves Proc Instn Mech Engrs vol 218 part J J Engineering Tribology
4.
Diprima, R. C., and Stuart, J. T. (1972): Flow Between Eccentric Rotating Cylinder, j. Lubr Technol, vol. 94, no
3, pp 266274.
5.
Myllerup, C. M. and Hamrock, B. J. (1992): Local Effects in thin film Lubrication, Presented and published in
the 19 th LeedsLyon Symposium on Tribology.