You are on page 1of 2

Pipe Branch Reinforcement

per ASME B31.1 -2010 Power Piping Code
Branch (1) Calculations

3/11/2012, ReinfS1.xls

Client:

Description:

Prepared By

Page 1 of 2

Approval

Date

Ben A. Nottingham

Rev.
0

Customer No.:

Item No.:

1
2

Owner No.:

Dwg. No.:

3
4

The user is responsible to verify method and results.
Refer to para. 104.3.1 and Fig. 104.3.1(D) of the Code
-20 to

Design Temperature

400

deg. F (to 204 deg. C)

Dimensional Units

Inch

Rating is based on design

Design Pressure

Design pressure: 350 psig = 24.6 kg/cm^2 = 24.1 bar-G = 2413 kPa
Material Data per ASME B31.1 -2010, Tables A-1 thru A-9

Materials:
Run Pipe:

Appendix H, Example 4, Run & Branch: Carbon Steel, API 5L-A Seamless Pipe

UNS no.: ----

Line Pipe

Branch:

Allowable stress, SEh = 16 ksi = 110 MPa

Coefficient Y = 0.4

Notes: para. H304 in ASME B31.3

Weld: S-1

Weld joint factor, E h = 1.00
Weld strength red. factor, W h = 1.00

Appendix H, Example 4, Run & Branch: Carbon Steel, API 5L-A Seamless Pipe

UNS no.: ----

Line Pipe

Reinf:

Allowable stress, SEb = 16 ksi = 110 MPa

Coefficient Y = 0.4

Notes: para. H304 in ASME B31.3

Weld: S-1

Weld joint efficiency factor, E b = 1.00
Weld strength reduction factor, W b = 1.00

Appendix H, Example 4, Run & Branch: Carbon Steel, API 5L-A Seamless Pipe

UNS no.: ----

Line Pipe
Allowable stress, SEr = 16 ksi = 110 MPa

Weld: S-1

Notes: para. H304 in ASME B31.3

Does Branch-1 intersect a longitudinal weld on the run?

Longitudinal Weld Intersection?

Yes

Allowable stress of run for reinforcement design, SE hr = SE h when branch intersects a weld on the run,
or SE hr = SE h / E h when the branch does not intersect a weld on the run.

16.0

ksi

Dob =

4.5

in.

tnb =

0.237

in.

or h2 =

0.000

in.

Check if diameter and thickness ratios are reasonable using criteria from ASME B31.3, para. 304.3.1(b)(1) & (2).
D ob / D oh =
(D ob / D oh ) must not exceed 1.0
OK … Branch OD is not greater than Run OD.

0.52

D oh / T h =

30.6

D oh / 2 =

4.3

in.

in.

Thickness allowance (corrosion, etc.)

Allowances
Run Dimensions

in.

Sch 40 per ASME B36.10M

Wall thk:
Doh =

Pipe nominal thickness

tnh =

0.322

in.

or h1 =

0.000

in.

Millh = 12.5%

(D oh /T h ) must not exceed 100, unless D ob <(D oh / 2)
Is branch size less than 1/2 of run size?

NPS 4 (DN 100)

Pipe size:

Pipe outside diameter
Thk. tolerance:

0.1882

Branch Dimensions

NPS 8 (DN 200)

Pipe size:
Wall thk:

SE hr =
A=

8.625

in.

Sch 40 per ASME B36.10M

Pipe outside diameter
Pipe nominal thickness:
Thk. tolerance:

Millb =

OK… Run OD/ Run Thk. < 100. See below.

OK… Branch OD may be any size not exceeding Run OD.

0.0%

Required minimum wall thicknesses. Refer to para. 104.1.2 Eq. (3) and Table 104.1.2(A) of B31.1 Code,
t m = [ P D o / (2 (SE + PY )) ] + A
t mh =

0.2817

t mhr =

0.2817

in.

Run actual measured or minimum thickness, T h = t nh (1 - Mill h ) - h 1

Th =

0.282

in.

Run actual corroded thickness (measured or minimum thickness, less corrosion allowance), t ha = T h - A

t ha =

0.094

in.

t mb =

0.2370

in.

Branch actual measured or minimum thickness, T b = t nb (1 - Mill b ) - h 2

Tb =

0.237

in.

Branch actual corroded thickness (measured or minimum thickness, less corrosion allowance), t ba = T b - A

t ba =

0.049

in.

Minimum required run thickness, t mh = [ P D oh / (2 (SE h + PY )) ] + A
Minimum required run thickness for reinforcement design, t mhr = [ P D oh / (2 (SE hr + P Y ) ] + A

OK… Run thickness IS sufficient at design pressure.
Minimum required branch thickness, t mb = [P D ob / (2 (SE b + PY b1 )) ] + A

OK… Branch thickness IS sufficient at design pressure

18 mm Width of pad from edge of branch: w r = 0. 104.A ) d 1 Required reinforcement area = A 6 (2 .707 Leg height of weld at branch periphery (except saddle or integrally reinf. F w = lesser of F b or F r Areas Pressure design area expected at end of service life = (t mhr .7t min /0.402 in. pad.) = smaller of 6.-.xls Pipe Branch Reinforcement per ASME B31.0 mm (1/4") or 0.7 t nb Minimum leg of weld at branch periphery (except saddle or integrally reinf.461 in. thk.--.1 integrally reinforced fitting [See Fig. of pad: t nr = 0.000 A6 = 0.707 Leg height of weld at outer edge of ring.000 in.412 in.-.3. throat of weld at branch periphery (except saddle or integrally reinf.--.A ) + t nr .234 in. W1 = 0. % Area 112% . pad.707 Rh = 0.152 in.235 in.228 in. W 1(min) = 0.^2 Area provided in B31.23 mm Height of saddle above run: h s = n/a -- Weld at pad or ring to branch periphery: W 1s = n/a -- Weld at ring.^2 Total contributing area (with strength correction for added metal within the reinf.A ) Li = 0. pad. except welds. W2 = 0.875 in.000 in.000 in. or saddle = greater of W 2(min) . t min = 0.234 in. = 8. zone height outside of run pipe. Minimum throat of fillet weld at saddle-to-branch = (smaller of t nb or t nr ) ---[weld reference para.d 1 ) (T h .000 in.3/11/2012. within the reinforcement zone = 2 x R h x R w A4 = 0.250 in.000 Fw = 1. ReinfS1.166 in. whichever is greater. Outside dimension of reinforcing ring or saddle (along run) = 2 w r + [ (D ob ) ( 2 .^2 A1 = 0.412 in. or = (SE b / SE h ) if SE b <= SE h Strength correction factor for reinforcing material = 1 if SE r > SE h . as applicable Count of Welds Within Reinforcement Zone Strength Correction Factors Factor for strength correction of branch area = 1 if SE b > SE h .409 in.A ) ] / sin α d1 = 4. Maximum width of ring. Rw = 0.^2 Area of added reinforcement metal. as applicable Reinforcement width (except weld) = (lesser of w r or WR max ). Reinf.235 in. zone height N wh = 0 Factor for complete fillet welds on ring. or lesser of ( t r i or L 4 ). for ring or saddle = 2.(D ob / 2 ) / sin α WR max = 2. or saddle outer edge: W 2s = n/a -- Weld at saddle-to-branch periphery: W 3s = n/a -- Page 2 of 2 wwr r wwr r wr ααtn α tri thnr tn rs trrnr Optional Special Weld Dimensions: α Angle between run and branch: = 90 Ring Reinforced (re-pad).-- degrees Integrally Reinforced B31.-.5 (T b .sin α ) Area of excess thickness in run pipe wall = (2 d 2 .1(D). or saddle = 0.000 Fr = 1.t mhr ) Area of excess thickness in branch pipe wall = 2 L 4 (T b .^2 A7 = 0. or saddle edge.-.^2 Total area of welds within zone = (N wh / 2)(W 1 )+(N wh / 2)(W 3 )+(N ww / 2)(W 2 ) A3 = 0.2 (T b .875 in. or = (SE r / SE h ) if SE r <= SE h Strength correction factor for welds. other than on ring.000 Leg height of fillet weld at saddle-to-branch periphery = greater of W 3(min) or W 3s W3 = 0. zone = d 1 or (T b .t mb ) / sin α Fb = 1.A ) or 2. zone height outside of run pipe = L r + L i L4 = 0. Half width of reinf.228 in. zone height outside of run pipe.4.5 (T h . zone) W 3(min) = 0. or W 2s .000 in. triangle = n/a Width integral reinf. not more than smaller of t nr or L 4 (must fit within the reinf. in. 90-degree Branch Comments: -. but not more than D oh d2 = 4. or saddle edge which will fit within reinforcement zone width N ww = 2 Reinforcement height (except weld) = lesser of ( t nr or L 4 ) . or (lesser of w r i or t ri ) tan 30. which will fit within the reinf.1 Branch: t r i = n/a -- w r i = n/a -- Leg of 60 deg. for integrally reinforced fitting = 2.234 in.5 (T h .1 -2010 Power Piping Code Branch (1) Calculations Nom. area = (tr i) tan 30 Other Dimensions Inside centerline longitudinal dimension of finished branch opening = [ D ob .322 in.^2 2 Percent of area replaced = A c / A 7 % 2 2 This branch has sufficient reinforcement. W 2(min) = 0.) = t c / 0. or saddle which would apply = d 2 . but tc = 0.-. pad.) = greater of W 1(min) or W 1s Minimum leg of weld at outer edge of ring. = 22.sin α ) ] Dr = 6.-.000 in. 127. pad. Reinf. Reinf. Example B].052 in.8(B)] Min. zone) A c = A 1 + (A 2 )(F b ) + (A 3 )(F w ) + (A 4 + A 4i )(F r ) Ac = 0. Factor for complete fillet welds.5 t nr / 0. pad.^2 A2 = 0.402 in.A )+(T h -A ) + d 1 / 2. whichever is less Lr = 0. = R h x R w A 4i = 0. Minimum leg height of fillet weld at saddle-to-branch periphery = 0.