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# Pipe Branch Reinforcement

per ASME B31.1 -2010 Power Piping Code
Branch (1) Calculations

3/11/2012, ReinfS1.xls

Client:

Description:

Prepared By

Page 1 of 2

Approval

Date

Ben A. Nottingham

Rev.
0

Customer No.:

Item No.:

1
2

Owner No.:

Dwg. No.:

3
4

The user is responsible to verify method and results.
Refer to para. 104.3.1 and Fig. 104.3.1(D) of the Code
-20 to

Design Temperature

400

deg. F (to 204 deg. C)

Dimensional Units

Inch

Rating is based on design

Design Pressure

Design pressure: 350 psig = 24.6 kg/cm^2 = 24.1 bar-G = 2413 kPa
Material Data per ASME B31.1 -2010, Tables A-1 thru A-9

Materials:
Run Pipe:

Appendix H, Example 4, Run & Branch: Carbon Steel, API 5L-A Seamless Pipe

UNS no.: ----

Line Pipe

Branch:

Allowable stress, SEh = 16 ksi = 110 MPa

Coefficient Y = 0.4

Notes: para. H304 in ASME B31.3

Weld: S-1

Weld joint factor, E h = 1.00
Weld strength red. factor, W h = 1.00

Appendix H, Example 4, Run & Branch: Carbon Steel, API 5L-A Seamless Pipe

UNS no.: ----

Line Pipe

Reinf:

Allowable stress, SEb = 16 ksi = 110 MPa

Coefficient Y = 0.4

Notes: para. H304 in ASME B31.3

Weld: S-1

Weld joint efficiency factor, E b = 1.00
Weld strength reduction factor, W b = 1.00

Appendix H, Example 4, Run & Branch: Carbon Steel, API 5L-A Seamless Pipe

UNS no.: ----

Line Pipe
Allowable stress, SEr = 16 ksi = 110 MPa

Weld: S-1

Notes: para. H304 in ASME B31.3

Does Branch-1 intersect a longitudinal weld on the run?

Longitudinal Weld Intersection?

Yes

Allowable stress of run for reinforcement design, SE hr = SE h when branch intersects a weld on the run,
or SE hr = SE h / E h when the branch does not intersect a weld on the run.

16.0

ksi

Dob =

4.5

in.

tnb =

0.237

in.

or h2 =

0.000

in.

Check if diameter and thickness ratios are reasonable using criteria from ASME B31.3, para. 304.3.1(b)(1) & (2).
D ob / D oh =
(D ob / D oh ) must not exceed 1.0
OK … Branch OD is not greater than Run OD.

0.52

D oh / T h =

30.6

D oh / 2 =

4.3

in.

in.

Thickness allowance (corrosion, etc.)

Allowances
Run Dimensions

in.

Sch 40 per ASME B36.10M

Wall thk:
Doh =

Pipe nominal thickness

tnh =

0.322

in.

or h1 =

0.000

in.

Millh = 12.5%

(D oh /T h ) must not exceed 100, unless D ob <(D oh / 2)
Is branch size less than 1/2 of run size?

NPS 4 (DN 100)

Pipe size:

Pipe outside diameter
Thk. tolerance:

0.1882

Branch Dimensions

NPS 8 (DN 200)

Pipe size:
Wall thk:

SE hr =
A=

8.625

in.

Sch 40 per ASME B36.10M

Pipe outside diameter
Pipe nominal thickness:
Thk. tolerance:

Millb =

OK… Run OD/ Run Thk. < 100. See below.

OK… Branch OD may be any size not exceeding Run OD.

0.0%

Required minimum wall thicknesses. Refer to para. 104.1.2 Eq. (3) and Table 104.1.2(A) of B31.1 Code,
t m = [ P D o / (2 (SE + PY )) ] + A
t mh =

0.2817

t mhr =

0.2817

in.

Run actual measured or minimum thickness, T h = t nh (1 - Mill h ) - h 1

Th =

0.282

in.

Run actual corroded thickness (measured or minimum thickness, less corrosion allowance), t ha = T h - A

t ha =

0.094

in.

t mb =

0.2370

in.

Branch actual measured or minimum thickness, T b = t nb (1 - Mill b ) - h 2

Tb =

0.237

in.

Branch actual corroded thickness (measured or minimum thickness, less corrosion allowance), t ba = T b - A

t ba =

0.049

in.

Minimum required run thickness, t mh = [ P D oh / (2 (SE h + PY )) ] + A
Minimum required run thickness for reinforcement design, t mhr = [ P D oh / (2 (SE hr + P Y ) ] + A

OK… Run thickness IS sufficient at design pressure.
Minimum required branch thickness, t mb = [P D ob / (2 (SE b + PY b1 )) ] + A

OK… Branch thickness IS sufficient at design pressure