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It is a sample homework with the theme related to special relatvivty.

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You are on page 1of 3

Important Instructions:

A. Define every symbol you introduce, unless they are common symbols or as defined in the question.

If you are not sure whether they are common symbols, define it!

B. Lay out each step clearly and logically. Points will be deducted if you skip or do not clearly explain

chains of logic, even if you arrive at the correct answer.

C. The total mark is 100.

1.
[5
marks]

Derive
the
identities
a11,
a44,
and
a41
by
inserting
Eqs.
(4.10-4.13)
into
Eq.
(4.15)
and

comparing
the
result
with
Eq.
(4.14).

2.
[5
marks]

Derive
Eq.
(4.37)

3.
[5
marks]

Suppose
a
rocketship
takes
off
from
Earth
and
travels
at
a
speed
of
0.51c
as
measured
by
an

observer
on
the
Earth.
Another
rocketship
takes
off
from
Earth
and
travels
in
the
opposite

direction
to
the
first
rocketship
at
a
velocity
of
0.51c
as
measured
by
an
observer
on
the
Earth.

What
does
the
pilot
in
one
rocketship
measure
for
the
velocity
of
the
other
rocketship?

4.
[5
marks]

Derive
Eq.
(4.48)
for
the
relationship
between
total
energy,
momentum,
and
rest
energy

5.
[5
marks]

At
what
transverse
velocity
would
the
transverse
Doppler
effect
produce
a
Doppler
shift
equal

to
a
purely
radial
Doppler
effect
for
a
radial
velocity
of
a)
0.01c;
b)
0.1c;
and
c)
0.9c?

6.
[10
marks]

7.
[10
marks]

8.
[30
marks]

9.
[5
marks]

10.
[20
marks]
In
1971,
a
classic
test
of
(both
special
and
general)
relativity
was
performed
by

Joseph
C.
Hafele
and
Richard
E.
Keating,
who
took
four
cesium-beam
atomic
clocks
aboard

commercial
airliners
and
flew
twice
around
the
world,
first
eastward,
then
westward,
and

compared
the
clocks
against
those
of
the
United
States
Naval
Observatory.
Taking
out
the

effects
of
general
relativity
thus
leaving
only
the
effects
of
special
relativity,
they
found
that
the

eastward-flying
clocks
lost
more
time
than
was
gained
by
the
westward-flying
clocks
relative

to
a
clock
on
the
Earths
surface.
Explain
why
(you
may
assume
that
the
effects
of
general

relativity
are
the
same
for
all
clocks).
You
may
refer
to
equations
found
in
Hafele
&
Keating

1972,
177,
166,
which
is
posted
on
the
course
website.

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