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STEEL TUBULAR PILE SUBJECT TO AXIAL LOAD AND BENDING

(COMPLY WITH STRUCTURAL USE OF STEELWORK - BS 5400-3:2000)


LOCATION :

BD 6203 / 1

Group 2&3 Piles 19mm

DESIGN LOADING

(Envelope of The Critical Loading)


Axial Compression Load, Fc
Axial Tension Load, Ft
Design Moment, Mx
Design Moment, My

=
=
=
=

7365
2855
689
888

kN
kN
kNm
kNm

Pile Diameter, OD =
Thickness of Wall, T =

1200
22

mm
mm

=
=
=
=

0.06
3.0
19.0
1194

mm/year
mm
mm
mm

Top Level of Pile, Hpt =


Sea Bed Level, Hsb =
Assume the fixity is at
Distance of the Fixity to the Sea Bed Level, Lf =

4.85
-24.6
6
6D

Steel Grade =

S355

PILE SIZE AND STEEL GRADE

Rate of Corrosion Allowed


Reduction of Thickness for Future 50 Years
Thickness of Wall after 50 Years, t
Pile Diameter after 50 Years, D

for future

50

years

mPD
mPD
times pile diameter below sea bed level
=
7.2
m

SECTION PROPERTIES OF PILE


Area of Section, A =
Moment of Inertia, I =

D2-(D-2t)2]/4
D4-(D-2t)4]/64

=
=

mm2
70136
1.211E+10 mm4

I / (D/2)

2.028E+07 mm3

(I / A)

Elastic Modulus, Z =
Radius of gyration, ry =
Plastic Modulus, S =

1/2

D3-(D-2t)3]/6

415

mm

2.623E+07 mm3

MATERIAL DESIGN STRENGTH AND MODULUS OF ELASTICITY


Modulus of Elasticity of Steel, E =
Design Strength, py =

205000

N/mm2

(Clause 3.1.3)

345

N/mm2

(Table 9)

CLASSIFICATION OF CROSS-SECTION FOR AXIAL COMPRESSION

(Table 12)

The Parameter,

(275/py)1/2

80

2 =

80 x 0.797

D/t =

1194 / 19

The Gross Cross-sectional Area,

Ag

(0.797) 1/2
63.8
63
<
80 2
The Cross-section is Class 3 Semi-Compact

= A
=

70136

mm2

(Clause 3.4.1)

CLASSIFICATION OF CROSS-SECTION FOR BENDING


The Parameter,

(Table 12)
=

(275/py)1/2

=
=
=

275/py

0.797

402

31.9

502

39.9

1402

111.6

= D/t =

62.8

<

3
The Cross-section is Class 3 Semi-Compact

The Effective Plastic Modulus,

Seff

= Z+1.485{[(140/(D/t))(275/py)]^0.5-1}(S-Z)
=

2.322E+07 mm3

(Clause 3.5.6.4)

COMPRESSION RESISTANCE CHECK

(Clause 4.7)
Type of Section of Pile = Welded section
(The steel tubular pile is built-up by spiral welding.)
Strut Curve =

For section fabricated by welding, py =


Height of Pile, L =
Effective Length, LE =
Slenderness, =

Compressive Strength, pc =
Compression Resistance, Pc =

b)
345 - 20

325

N/mm2

Hpt - Hsb + Lf
1.2 L

36.6

43.9368

1000LE / ry

106

(Table 22)
(Clause 4.7.2)

N/mm2

138
Ag pc / 1000

(Clause 4.7.5)

(Table 24 - 3)

9678 kN

>

7365 kN
OK

TENSION CAPACITY CHECK

(Clause 4.7.4)

(Clause 4.6.1)
Effective Area, Ae =
Design Strength, py =
Tension Capacity, Pt =

A
345
Ae py

70136

mm2

N/mm

24196 kN

>

2855 kN
OK.

MOMENT CAPACITY CHECK

(Clause 4.2.5)
Shear Force, Fv =

0 kN

<

0.6 Pv =

5226 kN

py Seff

8012

kNm

1124 kNm

<

8012

kNm

(Low shear)
Moment capacity, Mc =

Resultant Moment, (Mx2+My2)1/2 =

OK.

BUCKLING RESISTANCE CHECK

(Clause 4.3)

As the cross-section of pile is CHS,

Resistance to lateral-torsional buckling need not be checked.

Buckling Resistance Moment, Mb =

Mc

8012

(Clause 4.3.6.1)

kNm

CHECK ON TENSION MEMBER WITH MOMENT

(Clause 4.8.2)

Ft / Pt + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy = 2855 / 24196 + 689 / 8012 + 888 / 8012


=

0.31

<

1.0

OK.

CHECK ON COMPRESSION MEMBER WITH MOMENT

(Clause 4.8.3)

CROSS-SECTION CAPACITY CHECK

(Clause 4.8.3.2)

Fc / (Ag py ) + Mx / Mcx + My / Mcy = 7365 x 1000 / (70136 x 325) + 689 / 8012 + 888 / 8012
=

0.52

MEMBER BUCKLING RESISTANCE CHECK

<

1.0

OK.

(Clause 4.8.3.3)

Take the Equivalent Uniform Moment Factor, mx =


my =

0.49

myx =
mLT =

0.90

0.49
1.00

Major axis buckling


(Fc/Pcx) + mxMx(1 + 0.5Fc/Pcx)/Mcx + 0.5myxMy/Mcy = (7365 / 9678) + 0.49 x 689 x (1 + 0.5 x 7365 / 9678) / 8012 + 0.5 x 0.9 x 888 /
= 8012
0.87
<
1.0
OK.
Minor axis buckling
(Fc/Pcy) + 0.5mLTMLT/Mcx + myMy(1 + 0.5Fc/Pcy)/Mcy = (7365 / 9678) + 0.5 x 1 x 689 / 8012 + 0.49 x 888 x (1 + 0.5 x 7365 / 9678) / 8012
=
0.88
<
1.0
OK.
Interactive buckling
mxMx(1 + 0.5 (Fc/Pcx))/(Mcx(1-Fc/Pcx) + = 0.49 x 689 x (1 + 0.5 x (7365 / 9678)) / (8012 x (1 - 7365 / 9678)) + 0.49 x 888 x
(1 + 0.5 x (7365 / 9678)) / (8012 x (1 - 7365 / 9678))
myMy(1 + 0.5(Fc/Pcy))/(Mcy(1-Fc/Pcy)
=
0.56
<
1.0
OK.

Pile Capacity Data


N (kN)
Moment (kNm)
-24196
0
-10000
4700
-8000
5362
-6000
6025
-4000
6687
-2000
7349
0
8012
1000
7660
2000
7309
3000
6957
4000
6606
5000
5188
6000
3538
7000
2027
8000
636
8486
0

8486
0
0.88
0

BD 6203 / 1, Group 2&3 Piles, 19mm


20000
18000

Pile Capacity
Limit

16000
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
Axial Load (kN)
4000
2000
0
-2000

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

-4000
-6000
-8000
-10000
Moment (kNm)

6000

7000

8000

9000

10000

Axial
-5000
5448
-5554
(-ve = comp)

My

Mx
-522
698
525

441
-141
4000

AXIAL
MOM
5000 683.3484
-5448 712.099
5554 4034.306