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Thyristors, Rectifiers

and Diacs
Selection Guide
Data
Application Notes

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Thyristors, Rectifiers,and Diacs
This DATABOOK
contains complete data and related application notes on thyristors,
rectifiers, and diacs presently
available from RCA Solid State Division as standard products.
The new RCA type-numbering
system for these devices is
explained, and product matrix charts are given on pages 14-24
for ease of type selection. Data sheets are then grouped in the
following categories: (a) triacs, (b) silicon controlled rectifiers,
(c) rectifiers, (d) diacs. Application
notes are included in
numerical order following the data sheets.

A feature of this DATABOOK is the complete Guide to RCA
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integrated circuits, power transistors, power hybrid circuits, rf
power devices, thyristors, rectifiers, and diacs. All listings include
references to volume number and page number in the 1974 7volume DAT ABOO K series described on the facing page.

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Page
New RCA Type-Numbering
Index to Thyristors,

System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

Rectifiers, and Diacs

6
8

Cross-Reference of Old to New Type Numbers

11

Index to Application

13

Notes

Triac Product Matrix

14

SCR Product Matrix

18

Rectifier Product Matrix

22

Application

25

Information

Technical Data:
Triacs
Silicon Controlled
Rectifiers
Diacs
Application

27
137
251
349

Rectifiers (SCR's)

Notes

Guide to RCA Solid State Devices:
Developmental-to-Commercial-Number
Military (JAN and JAN-TX) Types
Subject Index
Index to Devices

353
Cross-Reference Index

504
510
511
526

A new system of type numbers has been adopted for all RCA triacs, SCR's, rectifiers,
100-,40000-,41000-,43000-,44000-,

and diacs previously

identified

by

and 45000-series numbers. Type numbers for JEDEC (IN- and 2N-series) devices,

which are registered with the Joint Electron Devices Engineering Council of the Electronic

Industries Association

(EIA), are

not affected.
The new type
immediately

numbers for

non-JEDEC

RCA thyristors,

rectifiers,

and diacs consist of an alpha-numeric

identifies the basic type of device and provides information

type is indicated by the initial
numbers following

the initial

letter of the type-number

on significant

code that

device features. The basic product

designation; i.e., T = triac, S = SCR, and 0 = rectifier

or diac. The

letter indicate device current ratings, type of package, and electrical variants within

a series.

The suffix letter(s) define the voltage rating of the device.
Sixteen suffix letters are used to represent specific voltage ratings in the range from 15 to 1000 volts. Combinations

of these

letters can be used to indicate voltage ratings that differ from the sixteen basic values. (For example, the suffix OF is used
for a voltage rating of 450 volts; i.e., 0 + F = 400 + 50 = 450 volts.)
The charts and matrix shown below provide a detailed explanation of the new type number codes. For convenience of type
selection, the "old"
"old"

numbers are included

in the index to devices on pages 8-10, and a cross-reference guide that relates

type numbers to the new numbers that replace them is provided on pages 11-12.

~
I

Graphic Representation of Thyristor
Numbering System

Graphic Representation of Rectifier and
Diac Numbering System

Indicates
Rectifier
or Diac

Indicates Type
1 = Standard
2 ~ Fast
Recovery
3 ~ Diac

QJJ~J,0,

Indicates
Package
1 = 00-1
2 = 00-15
3 = TO-l
4 = 00-4
5 = 00-5
6 = 00-26
7 = 00-26

Indicates
Average
Current
Rating 10
(00 indicates
1 A)

'a <

Insulated

qJ .c~J,0,

Voltage
Designation
Q = 15 V
U = 25 V
Y = 30 V
F = 50 V
A = 100 V
G = 150 V
B ~ 200 V
H = 250 V
C = 300 V
0= 400 V
E = 500 V
M ~ 600 V
S = 700 V
N = 800 V
T = 900 V
P = 1000 V
PA=1100V
P8 = 1200 V

Indicates
Type
T = Triac
S = SCR

Indicates
Broad Generic
Classification
on basis of
IT( RMS) Rating

~

Identifies
Package
Variants

Id~esl
Electrical
Variants

__ 1_IT(RMS)
Ratings (A)

Standard
Devices

Fast-Turnoff
Devices

0-2.5
2.5 - 8
8 - 15
15 - 40
>40

00
20
40
60
80

10
30
50
70
90

- 09
- 29
- 49
- 69
- 89

Voltage
Designation
(as shown
at left)

- 19
- 39
- 59
- 79
- 99

(NOTE: The first five digits, e.g., T2300, provide the
basic device series designation_)

Thyristor Numbering Matrix
TRIACS
Generic Class

Package Variants

Electrical Variants

T23 : 2.5A sensitive-gate types

0: TO-5
1 : TO-5 with radiator

0:
1:
3:
4:
5:
6:

IGT
IGT
IGT
IGT
IGT
IGT

0: Mod. TO-5
1 : TO-5 with radiator
2 : TO-5 with heat spreader

0:
1
4 :
6 :

IGT = 25 mA
IGT = 50 mA; 1+ and 111- modes
IGT = 4.25 mA; 400-Hz type
zero-voltage-switch type

0: TO-66
1 : TO-66 with radiator
0: TO-66
1 : TO-66 with radiator

=
=
=
=
~
=

3 mA
4 mA
25 mA
10 mA; 400-Hz type
25 mA; 400-Hz type
25 mA; zero-voltage-switch

type

Thyristor Numbering Matrix
TRIACS (cont'd)
Package Variants

o : press fit
1 : stud
2 : iso lated stud

0:
1 :
4:
5:
6:
7 :

IT(RMS) = 15 A
IT(RMS) = 10 A
IT(RMS) = 15 A; 400-Hz type
IT(RMS) = 10 A; 400-Hz type
IT(RMS) = 15 A; zero-voltage-switch
IT(RMS) = 10 A; zero-voltage-switch

type
type

0: IGT = 25 mA
1 : IGT = BO mA; 1+ and 111- modes
6 : zero-voltage-switch type
0: VERSAWATT
5: ISOWATT

0: IGT = 25 mA
1 : IGT = BO mA; 1+ and 111- modes
6 : zero-voltage-switch type

o : press-fit

0:
1 :
4:
5:
6:
7:

1 : stud
2 : iso lated stud

IT(RMS) = 40 A
IT(RMS) = 30 A
IT(RMS) = 40 A; 400-Hz type
IT(RMS) = 25 A; 400-Hz type
IT(RMSI = 40 A; zero-voltage-switch
IT(RMS) = 30 A; zero-voltage-switch

o : press-fit,

o : IT(RMS)

1
2
3
4
5

1 : IT(RMS)

:
:
:
:
:

flexible leads
stud, flexible leads
isolated stud, flexible leads
press-fit
stud
isolated stud

=
=

BO A
60 A

SCA's
Generic Class

Package Variants

Electrical Variants

S20 : 4-A plastic types

6: VERSAWATT

o : IGT

S22 : 2-A types

0: TO-B

S24 : 4_5-A types

0: TO-B

S26 : 7-A types

o : low-profile

= 0_2 mA
1 : IGT = 0_5 mA
2 : IGT = 2_0 mA

TO-5
1 : modified TO-5 with radiator
2 : modified TO-5 with heat spreader

0: TO-66
1 : TO-66 with radiator
0:
1 :
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:

IGT = 40 mA; VGT = 4 V
IGT = 35 mA
IGT = 45 mA
VGT = 2 V
VGT = 3_5 V
IGT = 30 mA; V(SO) = 500 V
IGT = 30 mA; V(SO) = 400 V

S3B: ITR's

0: TO-66

S40 : 12_5-A types

0: TO-3

S62 . 1O-A and 20-A types

0 : press-fit
1 : stud
2 : isolated stud

o . IT(RMS)

S64 : 16-A, 25-A, and 35-A types

0: press-fit
1 : stud
2 : isolated stud

0: IT(RMS) = 35 A
1 : IT(RMS) = 25 A
2: IT(RMS) = 16 A

S74 : 35-A fast-turn-off

3 : TO-4B

types

= 20 A
1 : IT(RMS) = 10 A

type
type

Index to Thyristors, Rectifiers and Diacs
RCA
Type No.

Former
Data Sheet
Type No.- File No.

No.

Type of
Device

Current
(AI

Page

RCA
Type No.

Voltage
(V)

Former
Data Sheet
Type No.File No.

No.

Type of
Device

Page

Current
(A)

Voltage
(VI

lN248C
lN249C
lN250C
1N440B
lN441B

6
6
6
5
5

287
287
287
252
252

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

20
20
20
0.75
0.75

50
100
200
100
200

lN3910
1N3911
lN3912
1N3913
lN5211

729
729
729
729
245

342
342
342
342
270

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

30
30
30
30
1

100
200
300
400
200

lN442B
lN443B
lN444B
lN445B
lN536

5
5
5
5
3

252
252
252
252
255

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75

300
400
500
600
50

lN5212
lN5213
lN5214
lN5215
lN5216

245
245
245
245
245

270
270
270
270
270

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

1
1
0.75
1
1

400
600
800
200
400

lN537
lN538
lN539
lN540
lN547

3
3
3
3
3

255
255
255
255
255

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75

100
200
300
400
600

lN5217
lN5218
lN5391
lN5392
lN5393

245
245
478
478
478

270
270
273
273
273

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

1
0.75
1.5
1.5
1.5

600
800
50
100
200

lNl095
lN1183A
lN1184A
lNl186A
1N1187A

3
38
38
38
38

255
291
291
291
291

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

0.75
40
40
40
40

500
50
100
200
300

lN5394
lN5395
lN5396
lN5397
lN5398

478
478
478
478
478

273
273
273
273
273

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

300
400
500
600
800

lNl188A
1Nl189A
lNl190A
lNl195A
lN1196A

38
38
38
6
6

291
291
291
287
287

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

40
40
40
20
20

400
500
600
300
400

lN5399
2N681
2N682
2N683
2N684

478
96
96
96
96

273
225
225
225
225

Rectifier
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR

1.5
25
25
25
25

1000
25
50
100
150

lN1197A
1N1198A
lN1199A
lN1200A
lN1202A

6
6
20
20
20

287
287
283
283
283

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

20
20
12
12
12

500
600
50
100
200

2N685
2N686
2N687
2N688
2N689

96
96
96
96
96

225
225
225
225
225

SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR

25
25
25
25
25

200
250
300
400
500

lN1203A
lN1204A
lN1205A
lN1206A
lN1341B

20
20
20
20
58

283
283
283
283
281

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

12
12
12
12
6

300
400
500
600
50

2N690
2N1842A
2N1843A
2N1844A
2N1845A

96
28
28
28
28

225
234
234
234
234

SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR

25
16
16
16
16

600
25
50
100
150

lN1342B
lN1344B
lN1345B
lN1346B
lN1347B

58
58
58
58
58

281
281
281
281
281

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

6
6
6
6
6

100
200
300
400
500

2N1846A
2N1847A
2N1848A
2N1849A
2N1850A

28
28
28
28
28

234
234
234
234
234

SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR

16
16
16
16
16

200
250
300
400
500

lN1348B
lN1763A
lN1764A
lN2858A
lN2859A

58
89
89
91
91

281
258
258
265
265

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

6
1
1
1
1

600
400
500
50
100

2N3228
2N3525
2N3528
2N3529
2N3650

114
114
114
114
408

144
144
144
144
238

SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR

5
5
2
2
35

200
400
200
400
100

lN2860A
lN2861A
lN2862A
lN2863A
lN2864A

91
91
91
91
91

265
265
265
265
265

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

1
1
1
1
1

200
300
400
500
600

2N3651
2N3652
2N3653
2N3654
2N3655

408
408
408
724
724

238
238
238
245
245

SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR

35
35
35
35
35

200
300
400
50
100

lN3193
lN3194
lN3195
lN3196
lN3253

41
41
41
41
41

294
294
294
294
294

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.5
0.75

200
400
600
800
200

2N3656
2N3657
2N3658
2N3668
2N3669

724
724
724
116
116

245
245
245
203
203

SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR

35
35
35
12.5
12.5

200
300
400
100
200

1N3254
lN3255
1N3256
lN3563
lN3879

41
41
41
41
726

294
294
294
294
323

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

0.75
0.75
0.5
0.4
6

400
600
800
1000
50

2N3670
2N3870
2N3871
2N3872
2N3873

116
578
578
578
578

203
218
218
218
218

SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR

12.5
35
35
35
35

400
100
200
400
600

lN3880
lN3881
lN3882
lN3883
lN3889

726
726
726
726
727

323
323
323
323
331

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

6
6
6
6
12

100
200
300
400
50

2N3896
2N3897
2N3898
2N3899
2N4101

578
578
578
578
114

218
218
218
218
144

SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCR

35
35
35
35
5

100
200
400
600
600

lN3890
lN3891
1N3892
lN3893
lN3899

727
727
727
727
728

331
331
331
331
339

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

12
12
12
12
20

100
200
300
400
50

2N4102
2N4103
2N5441
2N5442
2N5443

114
116
593
593
593

144
203
55
55
55

SCR
SCR
Triac
Triac
Triac

2
12.5
40
40
40

600
600
200
400
600

lN3900
lN3901
1N3902
1N3903
1N3909

728
728
728
728
729

339
339
339
339
342

Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier
Rectifier

20
20
20
20
30

100
200
300
400
50

2N5444
2N5445
2N5446
2N5567
2N5568

593
593
593
457
457

55
55
55
92
92

Triac
Triac
Triac
Triac
Triac

40
40
40
10
10

200
400
600
200
400

• Applies to RCA 100,40000,41000,43000,44000,

and 45000 Series ~umbers.

8

Series numbers. Former Data Sheet Type No.3 3.3 600 200 400 600 200 02201 A 022018 022010 02201F 02201M 44934 44935 44936 44933 44937 629 629 629 629 629 313 313 313 313 313 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 1 1 1 1 1 100 200 400 50 600 S26100 S2610M S26208 S26200 S2620M 40659 40835 40656 40657 40834 496 496 496 496 496 156 156 156 156 156 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 3.File No.5 15 30 100 200 400 01201N 01201P 02101S 02103S 02103SF 44006 44007 40892 40891 40890 495 495 522 522 522 271 271 298 298 298 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 1 1 1 3 3 800 1000 700 700 750 S2400M S26008 S26000 S2600M S26108 40945 40654 40655 40833 40658 567 496 496 496 496 151 156 156 156 156 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4.7 1. Page No.File No.5 4. 9 40640 40641 -Integrated thyristor and rectifier. Former Data Sheet Type No.5 400 100 200 400 600 S2062C S20620 S2062E S2062F S2062M 108C 1080 108E 108F 108M 654 654 654 654 654 138 138 138 138 138 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4 4 4 300 400 500 50 600 01201A 012018 012010 01201F 01201M 44002 44003 44004 44001 44005 495 495 495 495 495 271 271 271 277 277 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 1 1 1 1 1 100 200 400 50 600 S20620 S2062Y S2400A S24008 S24000 1080 108Y 40942 40493 40944 654 654 567 567 567 138 138 151 151 151 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4.5 7 7 7 3.5 2.3 7 7 7 400 600 200 400 600 02201N 02406A 024068 02406C 024060 44938 43880 43881 43882 43883 629 663 663 663 663 313 318 318 318 318 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 1 6 6 6 6 800 100 200 300 400 S27108 S27100 S2710M S2800A S28008 40504 40505 40506 40867 40868 266 266 266 501 501 164 164 164 166 166 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 1.5 4.43000. .41000. Type of Device Current (A) Voltage (V) RCA Type No. Page No. Type of Device IA) Voltage (V) Current 2N5569 2N5570 2N5571 2N5572 2N5573 457 457 458 458 458 92 92 85 85 85 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 10 10 15 15 15 200 400 200 400 200 S2061M S20610 S2061Y S2062A S20628 107M 1070 107Y 108A 1088 654 654 654 654 654 138 138 138 138 138 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4 4 4 600 15 30 100 200 2N5574 2N5754 2N5755 2N5756 2N5757 458 414 414 414 414 85 28 28 28 28 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 15 2.7 8 8 200 400 600 100 200 02406F 02406M 02412A 024128 02412C 43879 43884 43890 43891 43892 663 663 884 664 664 318 318 326 326 326 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 6 6 12 12 12 50 600 100 200 300 S28000 S37008 S37000 S3700M S3701M 40869 40553 40554 40555 40768 501 306 306 306 476 166 172 172 172 192 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 8 5 5 5 5 400 200 400 600 600 024120 02412F 02412M 02520A 025208 43893 43889 43894 43900 43901 884 664 664 665 665 326 326 326 334 334 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 12 12 12 20 20 400 50 600 100 200 S3702SF S3703SF S3704A S37048 S37040 40889 40888 522 522 690 690 690 194 194 180 180 180 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 5 5 5 5 5 750 750 100 200 400 02520C 025200 02520F 02520M 02540A 43902 43903 43899 43904 40957 665 665 665 665 580 334 334 334 334 345 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 20 20 20 20 40 300 400 50 600 100 S3704M S3704S S3705M S3706M S3714A 690 690 354 354 690 180 180 187 187 180 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 5 5 5 5 5 600 700 600 600 100 025408 025400 02540F 02540M 02600EF 40958 40959 40956 40960 40644 580 580 580 580 354 345 345 345 345 303 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 40 40 40 40 1 200 400 50 600 550 S37148 S37140 S3714M S3714S S38000 41023 690 690 690 690 639 180 180 180 180 199 SCR SCR SCR SCR ITR* 5 5 5 5 5 200 400 600 700 400 02601A 026018 026010 026010F TA7892 TA7893 40643 723 723 723 354 308 308 308 303 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 1 1 1 1 100 200 400 450 02601EF 02601F 02601M 02601N 03202U 03202Y 303 308 308 308 350 350 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Diac Diac 1 1 1 1 2 pk 2 pk 550 50 600 800 25-40 29·35 41019 41022 41021 41018 41020 639 639 639 639 639 199 199 199 199 199 ITR* ITR* ITR* ITR* ITR* 5 5 5 5 5 500 550 600 650 700 TA7894 TA7895 45412 45411 354 723 723 723 577 577 S3800E S3800EF S3800M S3800MF S3800S S3800SF S6200A S62008 S62000 S6200M 41017 40749 40750 40751 40752 639 418 418 418 418 199 210 210 210 210 ITR* SCR SCR SCR SCR 5 20 20 20 20 750 100 200 400 600 S2060A S20608 S2060C S20600 S2060E 106A 1068 106C 1060 106E 654 654 654 654 654 138 138 138 138 138 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4 4 4 100 200 300 400 500 S6210A S62108 S62100 S6210M S6220A 40753 40754 40755 40756 40757 418 418 418 418 418 210 210 210 210 210 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 20 20 20 20 20 100 200 400 600 100 S2060F S2060M S20600 S2060Y S2061A 106F 106M 1060 106Y 107A 654 654 654 654 654 138 138 138 138 138 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4 4 4 50 600 15 30 100 S62208 S62200 S6220M S0400N S6410N 40758 40759 40760 40937 40938 418 418 418 578 578 210 210 210 218 218 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 20 20 20 35 35 200 400 600 800 800 S20618 S2061C S20610 S2061E S2061F 1078 107C 1070 107E 107F 654 654 654 654 654 138 138 138 138 138 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4 4 4 200 300 400 500 50 S6420A S64208 S64200 S6420M S6420N 40680 40681 40682 40683 40952 578 578 578 578 578 218 218 218 218 218 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 35 35 35 35 35 100 200 400 600 800 "Applies 40642 to RCA 100.Index to Thyristors.7 1.5 2.4000. and 45000.44000. Rectifiers and Diacs (cont'd) RCA Type No.5 2.

3 3. and 45000 Series numbers. 43000.9 1.6 1.3 400 200 400 200 400 T6420D T6420M T6420N T6421B T6421D 40689 40690 40927 40805 40806 593 593 593 459 459 55 55 55 107 107 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40 40 40 30 30 400 600 800 200 400 T2800B T2800D T2800M T2801DF T2806B 40668 40669 40670 40842 40721 364 364 364 493 406 69 69 69 75 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 8 8 8 6 8 200 400 600 450 200 T6421M T8401B T8401D T8401M T8411B 40807 41029 41030 41031 41032 459 725 725 725 725 107 122 122 122 122 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 30 60 60 60 60 600 200 400 600 200 T2806D T2850A T2850B T2850D T4100M 40722 40900 40901 40902 40797 406 540 540 540 458 47 79 79 79 85 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 8 8 8 8 15 400 100 200 400 600 T8411D T8411M T8421B T8421D T8421M 41033 41034 41035 41036 41037 725 725 725 725 725 122 122 122 122 122 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 60 60 60 60 60 400 600 200 400 600 T4101M T4103B T4103D T4104B T4104D 40795 40783 40784 40779 40780 457 443 443 443 443 92 99 99 99 99 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 10 15 15 10 10 600 200 400 200 400 T8430B T8430D T8430M T8440B T8440D 40916 40917 40918 40919 40920 549 549 549 549 549 130 130 130 130 130 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 80 80 80 80 80 200 400 600 200 400 T4105B T4105D T4106B T4106D T4107B 40775 40776 40711 40712 40717 443 443 406 406 406 99 99 47 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 6 6 15 15 10 200 400 200 400 200 T8440M T8450B T8450D T8450M 40921 40922 40923 40924 549 549 549 549 130 130 130 130 Triac Triac Triac Triac 80 80 80 80 600 200 400 600 T4107D T4110M T4111M T4113B T4113D 40718 40798 40796 40785 40786 406 458 457 443 443 47 85 92 99 99 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 10 15 10 15 15 400 600 600 200 400 T4114B T4114D T4115B T4115D T4116B 40781 40782 40777 40778 40713 443 443 443 443 406 99 99 99 99 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 10 10 6 6 15 200 400 200 400 200 ·Applies "" 35 jq.5 2. 10 IOU .9 100 200 400 100 200 T6410N T6411B T6411D T6411M T6414B 40926 40662 40663 40672 40793 593 459 459 459 487 55 107 107 107 114 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40 30 30 30 40 800 200 400 600 200 T2313D T2313M T2316A T2316B T2316D 40686 40687 40693 40694 40695 414 414 406 406 406 28 28 47 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 1.5 1.5 2.5 0.9 1. 40000.9 1.6 400 100 200 400 470 T6404B T6404D T6405B T6405D T6406B 40791 40792 407B7 40788 40699 487 487 487 487 406 114 114 114 114 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40 40 25 25 40 200 400 200 400 200 T2310B T2310D T2311A T2311B T2311D 40532 40533 40767 40761 40762 470 470 431 431 431 33 33 40 40 40 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 200 400 100 200 400 T6406D T6406M T6407B T6407D T6407M 40700 40701 40705 40706 40709 406 406 406 406 406 47 47 47 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40 40 30 30 30 400 600 200 400 600 T2312A T2312B T2312D T2313A T2313B 40534 40535 40536 40684 40685 470 470 470 414 414 33 33 33 2B 2B Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 1.9 1.5 400 600 100 200 400 T6414D T6415B T6415D T6416B T6416D 40794 40789 40790 40702 40703 487 487 487 406 406 114 114 114 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40 25 25 40 40 400 200 400 200 400 T2500B T2500D T2700B T2700D T2706B 41014 41015 40429 40430 40727 615 615 351 351 406 49 49 62 62 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 6 6 6 6 6 200 400 200 400 200 T6416M T6417B T6417D T6417M T6420B 40704 40707 40708 40710 40688 406 406 406 406 593 47 47 47 47 55 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40 30 30 30 40 600 200 400 600 200 T2706D T2710B T2710D T2716B T2716D 40728 40502 40503 40729 40730 406 351 351 406 406 47 62 62 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 6 3.6 1.5 0.t bUU to RCA 100.6 1.3 3.S6431M S7430M S7432M T2300A T2300B 4U.5 2.6 1.9 2.5 2.5 0.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 200 400 200 400 200 T4706D T6400N T6401B T6401D T6401M 40716 40925 40660 40661 40671 406 593 459 459 459 47 55 107 107 107 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 15 40 30 30 30 400 800 200 400 600 T2305D T2306A T2306B T2306D T2310A 40772 40696 40697 40698 40531 441 406 406 406 470 41 47 47 47 33 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 0.lb 40735 LA! LZl:S 'IUb 'II I f1ac 40525 40526 35 2.5 600 600 100 200 T4117B T4117D T4120B T4120D 40719 40720 40802 40803 406 406 458 458 47 47 85 85 Triac Triac Triac Triac '" 'IUU 238 245 33 33 ::.5 2.6 1.5 400 100 200 400 100 T4120M T4121B T4121D T4121M T4706B 40804 40799 40800 40801 40715 458 457 457 457 406 85 92 92 92 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 15 10 10 10 15 600 200 400 600 200 T2302B T2302D T2304B T2304D T2305B 40529 40530 40769 40770 40771 470 470 441 441 441 33 33 41 41 41 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 2.5 2.CH SCR SCR Triac Triac £tU/IQ 408 724 470 470 10 10 15 15 200 400 200 400 T2300D T2301A T2301B T2301D T2302A 40527 40766 40691 40692 40528 470 431 431 431 470 33 40 40 40 33 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 2.3 3. 41000.5 2.9 1. 44000.

9 1. No.5 2.RCA Thyristors/Rectifiers Type-Number Cross-Reference Guide (Old numbers to NEW numbers) RCA106A RCA106B RCA106C RCA1060 RCA106E NEW Data Sheet Page Type of Current Voltage RCA (V) (A) FileNo. Device Type No.9 40 40 200 400 600 200 400 55 40 40 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40 2.9 100 200 400 600 100 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 1.5 40530 40531 40532 40533 40534 T23020 T2310A T2310B T23100 T2312A 470 470 470 470 470 33 33 33 33 33 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40535 40536 40553 40554 40555 T2312B T23120 S3700B S37000 S3700M 470 470 306 306 306 33 33 172 172 172 Triac Triac 40640 40641 40642 40643 40644 S3705M S3706M 02601 EF 026010F 02600EF 354 354 354 354 354 187 187 303 303 303 SCR SCR 40654 40655 40656 40657 40658 S2600B S26000 S2620B S26200 S2610B 496 496 496 496 496 156 156 156 156 156 40659 40660 40661 40662 40663 S26100 T6401B T6401D T6411B T6411D 496 459 459 459 459 156 107 107 107 107 Triac Triac Triac 40668 40669 40670 40671 40672 T2800B T28oo0 T2800M T6401M T6411M 364 364 364 459 459 69 69 69 107 107 Former RCA Type No.6 1.5 2.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 2.6 5 200 400 100 100 600 8 8 8 30 30 200 400 600 600 600 40769 40770 40771 40772 40775 T2304B T23040 T2305B T23050 T4105B 441 441 441 441 443 41 41 41 41 99 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 0. No.5 2.5 0.5 6 200 400 200 400 200 Triac Triac SCR SCR SCR Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac " SCR SCR SCR SCR Triac .5 2.5 2.5 40 400 100 200 400 200 T64060 T6406M T6416B T64160 T6416M 406 406 406 406 406 47 47 47 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40 40 40 40 40 400 600 200 400 600 40705 40706 40707 40708 40709 T6407B T64070 T6417B T64170 T6407M 406 406 406 406 406 47 47 47 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 30 30 30 30 30 200 400 200 400 600 200 400 200 400 600 100 200 400 100 200 40710 40711 40712 40713 40714 T6417M T4106B T41060 T4116B T41160 406 406 406 406 406 47 47 47 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 30 15 15 15 15 600 200 400 200 400 40715 40716 40717 40718 40719 T4706B T47060 T4107B T41070 T4117B 406 406 406 406 406 47 47 47 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 15 15 10 10 10 200 400 200 400 200 2.3 200 400 200 400 200 40756 40757 40758 40759 40760 S6210M S6220A S6220B S62200 S6220M 418 418 418 418 418 210 210 210 210 210 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 20 20 20 20 20 600 100 200 400 600 SCR Triac 3.3 3.3 3.3 35 20 20 200 400 600 100 200 5 5 1 1 1 600 600 550 450 550 40751 40752 40753 40754 40755 S62000 S6200M S6210A S6210B S62100 418 418 418 418 418 210 210 210 210 210 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 20 20 20 20 20 400 600 100 200 400 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 7 7 7 7 3.6 2.5 1.5 0.5 600 200 400 100 200 406 406 406 406 406 47 47 47 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 2.3 1.9 5 5 5 400 100 200 400 100 40720 40721 40722 40727 40728 T41170 T2806B T28060 T2706B T27060 406 406 406 406 406 47 47 47 47 47 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 10 8 8 6 6 400 200 400 200 400 200 400 200 400 600 40729 40730 40735 40749 40750 T2716B T27160 S7430M S6200A S6200B 406 406 408 418 418 47 47 238 210 210 Triac Triac SCR SCR SCR 3.9 1.9 1. Type of Current Voltage (V) Device (AI Triac 35 35 35 35 1.5 2.9 1.5 1. Type No.7 40525 40526 40527 40528 40529 T2300A T2300B T23000 T2302A T2302B 351 351 266 266 266 470 470 470 470 470 33 33 33 33 33 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 2. Former RCA Type No. S6420A 578 218 S6420B 578 218 578 218 S64200 S6420M 578 218 T2313A 414 28 RCA106F RCA1060 RCA106M RCA106Y RCA107A S2060F S20600 S2060M S2060Y S2061A 654 654 654 654 654 138 138 138 138 138 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4 4 4 50 15 600 30 100 40685 40686 40687 40688 40689 T2313B T23130 T2313M T6420B T64200 414 414 414 593 593 28 28 28 55 55 RCA107B RCA107C RCA1070 RCA107E RCA107F S2061B S2061C S2061 0 S2061E S2061F 654 654 654 654 654 138 138 138 138 138 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4 4 4 200 300 400 500 50 40690 40691 40692 40693 40694 T6420M T2301B T23010 T2316A T2316B 593 431 431 406 406 RCA1070 RCA107M RCA 107Y RCA108A RCA 108B S20610 S2061M S2061Y S2062A S2062B 654 654 654 654 654 138 138 138 138 138 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4 4 4 15 600 30 100 200 40695 40696 40697 40698 40699 T23160 T2306A T2306B T23060 T6406B RCA108C RCA1080 RCA108E RCA108F RCA1080 S2062C S20620 S2062E S2062F S20620 654 654 654 654 654 138 138 138 138 138 SCR SCR SCR SCR SCR 4 4 4 4 4 300 400 500 50 15 40700 40701 40702 40703 40704 RCA108M RCA108Y 40216 40429 40430 S2062M S2062Y S6431M T2700B T27000 654 654 247 351 351 138 138 228 62 62 SCR SCR SCR 4 4 35 6 6 600 30 600 200 400 40502 40503 40504 40505 40506 T2710B T27100 S2710B S27100 S2710M 62 62 164 164 164 Triac Triac SCR SCR SCR 3.7 1.3 30 30 30 30 400 200 400 200 400 40761 40762 40766 40767 40768 T2311B T23110 T2301A T2311A S3701M 431 431 431 431 476 40 40 40 40 192 Triac Triac Triac SCR 1.5 2.5 0.6 1.5 2.5 2. S2060A 654 138 SCR 4 100 S2060B 654 138 SCR 4 200 S2060C 654 138 SCR 4 300 654 138 SCR 4 400 S20600 S2060E 654 138 SCR 4 500 40680 40681 40682 40683 40684 NEW Data Sheet Page RCA File No.

No.3 400 600 600 600 600 40842 40867 40868 40869 40888 T28010F 52800A 52800B 528000 537035F 493 501 501 501 522 75 166 166 166 194 Triac 6 8 8 8 5 40889 40890 40891 40892 40900 537025F 021035F 021035 021015 T2850A 522 522 522 522 540 194 298 298 298 79 5CR Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Triac 40901 40902 40916 40917 40918 T2850B T28500 T8430B T84300 T8430M 540 540 549 549 549 79 79 130 130 130 40919 40920 40921 40922 40923 T8440B T84400 T8440M T8450B T84500 549 549 549 549 549 40924 40925 40926 40927 40937 T8450M T6400N T6410N T6420N 56400N 40938 40942 40943 40944 40945 40952 40956 40957 40958 40959 Former RCA Type No.•. 2 pk 2 pk 1 1 1 1 29-35 25-40 200 400 600 800 . Device Type No. Device Type No.5 4. Integrated 12 thyristor and rectifier.5 4. 5 5 5 5 5 500 700 600 550 400 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 60 60 60 60 60 200 400 600 200 400 122 122 122 122 318 Triac Triac Triac Triac Rectifier 60 60 60 60 6 600 200 400 600 50 663 663 663 663 663 318 318 318 318 318 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 6 6 6 6 6 100 200 300 400 600 02412F 02412A 02412B 02412C 024120 664 664 664 664 664 326 326 326 326 326 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 12 12 12 12 12 50 100 200 300 400 43894 43899 43900 43901 43902 02412M 02520F 02520A 02520B 02520C 664 665 665 665 665 326 334 334 334 334 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 12 20 20 20 20 600 50 100 200 300 450 100 200 400 750 43903 43904 44001 44002 44003 025200 02520M 01201F 01201A 01201B 665 665 495 495 495 334 334 278 278 278 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 20 20 1 1 1 400 600 50 100 200 5 3 3 1 8 750 750 700 700 100 44004 44005 44006 44007 44933 012010 01201M 01201N 01201P 02201F 495 495 495 495 629 278 278 278 278 313 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 1 1 1 1 1 400 600 800 1000 50 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 8 8 80 80 80 200 400 200 400 600 44934 44935 44936 44937 44938 02201A 02201B 022010 02201M 02201N 629 629 629 629 629 313 313 313 313 313 Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 1 1 1 1 1 100 200 400 600 800 130 130 130 130 130 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 80 80 80 80 80 200 400 600 200 400 549 593 593 593 578 130 55 55 55 218 Triac Triac Triac Triac 600 800 800 800 800 03202Y 03202U 02601B 026010 02601M 02601N 577 577 723 723 723 723 350 350 308 308 308 308 Diac Diac Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier 5CR 80 40 40 40 35 45411 45412 TA7892 TA7893 TA7894 TA7895 5641ON 52400A 52400B 524000 52400M 578 567 567 567 567 218 151 151 151 151 5CR 5CR 5CR 5CR 5CR 35 4. 40776 40777 40778 40779 40780 T41050 T4115B T41150 T4104B T41040 443 443 443 443 443 99 99 99 99 99 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 6 6 6 10 10 400 200 400 200 400 40960 41014 41015 41017 41018 NEW Data Sheet Page Type of CurrentVoltage RCA (AI (VI FileNo.RCA Thyristors/Rectifiers Type-Number Cross-Reference Guide [cont'd] (Old numbers to NEW numbers) Former RCA Type No. NEW Data Sheet Page Type of Current Voltage RCA (A) (VI FileNo. 600 40 345 Rectifier 02540M 580 200 49 Triac 6 615 T2500B 400 49 Triac 6 615 T25000 750 5 199 ITR* 538005F 639 650 5 199 ITR* 53800MF 639 40781 40782 40783 40784 40785 T4114B T41140 T4103B T41030 T4113B 443 443 443 443 443 99 99 99 99 99 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 10 10 15 15 15 200 400 200 400 200 41019 41020 41021 41022 41023 53800E 538005 53800M 53800EF 538000 639 639 639 639 639 199 199 199 199 199 ITR* ITR* ITR* ITR* ITR* 40786 40787 40788 40789 40790 T41130 T6405B T64050 T6415B T64150 443 487 487 487 487 99 114 114 114 114 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 15 25 25 25 25 400 200 400 200 400 41029 41030 41031 41032 41033 T8401B T84010 T8401M T8411B T84110 725 725 725 725 725 122 122 122 122 122 40791 40792 40793 40794 40795 T6404B T64040 T6414B T64140 T4101M 487 487 487 487 457 114 114 114 114 92 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 40 40 40 40 10 200 400 200 400 600 41034 41035 41036 41037 43879 T8411M T8421B T8421 0 T8421M 02406F 725 725 725 725 663 40796 40797 40798 40799 40800 T4111M T4100M T4110M T4121B T41210 457 458 458 457 457 92 85 85 92 92 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 10 15 15 10 10 600 600 600 200 400 43880 43881 43882 43883 43884 02406A 02406B 02406C 024060 02406M 40801 40802 40803 40804 40805 T4121M T4120B T41200 T4120M T6421B 457 458 458 458 459 92 85 85 85 107 Triac Triac Triac Triac Triac 10 15 15 15 30 600 200 400 600 200 43889 43890 43891 43892 43893 40806 40807 40833 40834 40835 T6421 0 T6421M 52600M 52620M 52610M 459 459 496 496 496 107 107 156 156 156 Triac Triac 30 30 7 7 3.5 4. No.5 800 100 200 400 600 56420N 02540F 02540A 02540B 025400 578 580 580 580 580 218 345 345 345 345 5CR 35 40 40 40 40 800 50 100 200 400 5CR 5CR 5CR 5CR 5CR 5CR 5CR Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier Rectifier .

. "A Review of Thyristor Characteristics and Appl ications" Control of Incandescent Traffic-Signal Lamps" 380 430 AN-4537 "Thyristor 444 AN-4745 "Analysis and Design of Snubber Networks for dv/dt Suppression in Thyristor Circuits" 451 AN-6054 "Triac Power Controls for Three-Phase Systems" 456 AN-6096 "Solid-State Approaches to Cooking-Range Control" . . .462 AN-6141 "Power Switching Using Solid-State Relay" 470 ICAN-6182 "Features and Applications of RCA Integrated-Circuit Zero-Voltage Switches" 475 . . . . .1CE-402 "Operating Considerations for RCA Solid-State Devices" 354 AN-3418 "Design Considerations for the RCA-S6431M Silicon Controlled Rectifier in High-Current Pulse Applications" 359 AN-3469 "Application of RCA Silicon Controlled Control of Universal Motors" 364 AN-3551 "Circuit Factor Charts for RCA Thyristor (SCR's and Triacs)" Rectifiers to the Applications 375 AN-3659 "Application of RCA Silicon Rectifiers to Capacitive Loads" AN-3697 "Triac Power-Control Applications" 386 AN-3778 "Light 394 AN-3780 "A New Horixontal-Deflection System Using RCA-S3705M and S3706M Silicon Controlled Rectifiers" 400 AN-3822 "Thermal Considerations in Mounting of RCA Thyristors" 410 AN-3886 "AC Voltage Regulators Using Thyristors" 416 AN-4124 "Handling and Mounting of RCA Molded-Plastic Transistors and Thyristors" 422 Dimmers Using Triacs" AN-4242 . . . . .

2 2.2 2.5A 2.111+ 3 4 10 40 40 3 10 4 VGT(V) VOROM(V) w """ ~~ 2.2 File No.111+ 1. Page No.5A 2.5A 2.2 2. 406 406 47 47 Page No. 441 441 Page No..SA 200 T23048 T23058 400 T2304D T23050 IT RMS) VOROM(VI Z ~g . TO-S With Heat Radiator TO-S IT(AMS) 2.in ~~ ~ Modified 0 a: 450 0 Z 600 2.2 2.5A 2. a.1111 0 .2 2.5A 2. tGT(mAl 8~~ 1+. 450 0_ 0'" All Modes IGT(mAI 1+.2 File No.111- N VGT(VI 1+.5A ITSM 25A 25A 25A 25A 25A 25A 25A 25A 100 T230QA T2301A T2302A 2N5754 T2313A T2310A T2312A T2311A 200 T2300B T2301 B T23028 2N5755 T2313B T2310B T23128 T23118 400 T2300D T2301D T2302D 2N5756 T2313D T2310D T2312D T23110 2N5757 T2313M VOROM(Vl .m ReA Triacs Mod. 41 41 . .111- 3 4 10 25 25 3 10 4 1-.SA a.111+ 10 25 10 40 VGT(V) All Modes 2.2 2.5 1.5 File No..5A 800 IGT(mAl 1+..2 470 431 470 414 414 470 470 431 33 40 33 28 28 33 33 40 100 T2306A T2316A 200 T2306B T23168 400 T2306D T2316D 45 45 600 >~ :li 2.2 2.5A 2.

0A 100A 100A T2B50A 100 a: c .0A 200 T4105B T4104B T4103B 400 T41050 T4104D T41030 IT(RMSI VOROM(VI z 0 ~S " .':. 47 47 47 69 w 450 CU >~ o~ ffiN 600 'GT(mAI VGT(VI 69 69 6A 10." TO-22DAB TO·66 With Heat Radiator o? ReA Triacs ••~ - ~~ '" VER$AWATT 6.(t~' .0A 15.5 2.0 2.5 File No.111- 50 50 50 1 .A 15.0A 6A 6A B.5 1.111+ 1. 111+ 80 80 80 VGT(VI All Modes 2.5 1. IGT(mAI Ow 0 1+..111- 25 25 25 80 25 25 25 50 1-. 406 406 406 406 406 406 Page No..5 1.5 File No.2 2.111+ 40 40 60 - 60 60 40 80 All Modes 2.5 2. 351 351 615 493 364 540 457 458 Page No.DA 15.5 1.0A 6.TO·66· . Z I- 600 '" 800 ISOWATT 8A 100A 10. . 443 443 443 99 99 99 Page No.5 File No.2 2.5 2. IT(RMSI VDROM(VI Press Fit T2800B T2850B 2N5567 2N5571 T2800D T2B50D 2N5568 2N5572 T4101M T4100M T2801DF T2800M IGT(mAl 1+... . 62 62 49 75 62 79 92 85 VGT(VI VOROMIV) ".:1: 100 200 T2706B T4706B T2716B T2806B T4107B T4100B 400 T2706D T47060 T27160 T2806D T41070 T41060 1+.5 4.5 2..OA 'T<M 10QA 100A 10QA 60A 100A 100A 200 T2700B T2710B T2500B 400 T2700D T2710D T2500D C 450 .5 2.5 1.111- 45 45 45 45 45 45 1+.

5 1..0A 200 400 T41158 T4114B T41138 T64058 T64048 T64158 T6414B T41150 T41140 T41130 T64050 T64040 T64150 T64140 1+.0A 30.5 1.5 1. 99 .5 File No.5 593 55 VOROM(V) c a: " ..0A 15." '" ~. 92 85 92 85 2.5 459 107 2.111+ 1.0A 15.0A 40. ~ 1.0 487 114 3. 69 Page No.111- 45 45 45 45 45 45 1+.111 VGTIV) All Modes VOROMIV) 100 w ""~:r OU >!: o~ ffi 200 T4117B T4116B T64078 T6406B T6417B T64168 400 450 600 T4117D T41160 T6407D T64060 T6417D T64160 T6407M T6406M T6417M T6416M 1+.0A 40. 6A 'TIRMSI VOROMIV) Z 0 ~i= 8: . ReA \ Triacs .5 1.0A 40.111+ 0 VGTIV) All Modes File No. Page No. C Z 100 T6400N 2N5446 T6410N IGT(mA) 1-.111- 25 40 50 80 25 40 50 80 50 80 50 80 50 80 50 80 2.. Isolated Stud 'TIRMSI 10.0 487 114 3. 458 Page No.111- 50 80 50 80 50 80 80 '20 80 120 80 120 80 120 2.0 487 114 3.5 459 107 2.0A 15.5 443 99 2.5 443 3.0 487 114 IGT(mA) 1-.Stud Stud Press Fit __ v 0:) -.5 406 IGT(mA) N VGTIV) File No.5 457 2.0A ITSM looA looA lOOA looA 300A 300A 300A 300A 200 400 450 2N5569 2N5573 T4121B T4120B T6401B 2N5441 T64118 2N5444 2N5570 2N5574 T4121D T4120D T64010 2N5442 T64110 2N5445 600 800 T4111M T4110M T4121M T4120M T6401M 2N5443 T6411M 1+.5 458 2.5 457 2.0A 25.0A 30.0A 40.5 593 55 2.0A 25.0A 10.5 443 99 2.5 406 69 406 47 406 47 406 47 406 47 10.

K-1 ~ ..Isolated Stud I Press Fit . Page No.5 549 Page No.1111.8 725 2. '9 Triacs IT(AMSI 30.5 459 2.111+ 0 VGT(V) All Modes File No. "0. . Stud l.5 549 130 VOAOMIV) 100 200 400 C "''" 450 C Z 600 '" >- 800 '" IGT(mAl 1+.111VGT(V) 1+. 2.•~ 200 400 IGT(mA) 1+.--. M·' .0A 60A 80A 60A 80A 300A 300A 600A 850A 60A 600A 80A lTSM 850A 600A 850A T64218 T6420B T84018 T84308 T84118 T84408 T84218 T84508 T6421 0 T64200 T8401D T84300 T84110 T84400 T8421 0 T84500 T6421M T6420M T6420N T8401M T8430M T8411M T8440M T8421M T8450M 50 80 50 75 75 75 75 80 '50 '50 '50 '50 75 150 75 150 File No. ReA " •• ~ J . Stud M.8 725 '07 2.5 549 2.. 2.• 1 I.111- 1 .5 593 55 '30 '22 '30 '22 2.0A 40. l-l K. ITIAMS) z VOAOM(VI 0 ~~ 8~ . Page No.• :z: 0 ••• >>- 600 o~ "'''' w IGT(mA) N 1+.8 725 122 2..111+ File No...111+ VGTIVI All Mod" VOAOMIVI 100 w 200 400 450 ">-'" .

Page No.•. '44 180 '94 .0A FTO 5.0A 4.5 4 4 4 114 144 567 151 114 354 187 306 172 690 476 192 522 522 194 File No.5 3.5A 5.0A FTO 5.0A FTO 5.0A IT5M 60A 200A 60A 80A 80A 80A 75A(lPMI 50A 50A VOROM VRROMIVI 15 25 30 50 52400A '00 53704A 150 200 2N3528 524008 2N3228 537008 537048 2N3529 524000 2N3525 537000 537040 2N4102 52400M 2N4101 53700M 53704M 250 300 400 500 600 m~~ 700 53701M 537045 537025 750 537035F 800 IGT(mAI 15 15 15 30 40 40 35 45 40 VGT(V) 2 2 2 4 3.TO-8 TO-66 . o- ]\ RCA SCR's IT{AM5) 2.0A FTO 5.0A FTO 5A FTO 5.

oA 80A looA .0A tTIRMSI 60A IT5M VOROM '5 VRROMIV) 25 FTO SA 7. ~~ '" ~~ VERSAWATT 5.5 1.OA 4A B.OA 4.TG-66 With •.0A 3.••at Rad.3A 7.00A 35A 35A 35A looA 520600 520610 520620 30 5206QY 52061Y 52062Y 50 52060F 52061F 52062F 52060A 52061 A 52062A 52BooA 527108 S37148 526008 526108 526208 520608 520618 520628 528008 5206QC 52061C 52062C 527100 537140 526000 526100 526200 520600 520610 520620 52060E S2061E S2062E S2710M 53714M S2600M S2610M 52620M S2060M S2061M 52062M 100 53714A 150 200 250 300 400 500 600 528000 S3714S 700 750 800 IGT(mAl '5 40 15 15 '5 0. 164 180 156 156 '56 138 138 '38 '66 VGT(Vl .8 0.5 1.5 2 '5 2 3. TG-S To-5 With Heat R •••• To-5 With Heat Spreader TG-220AB m d.8 '.5 File No.5 1. - RCA SCR'S Low Profile Mod.0A 4.8 0.5 0. 266 690 496 496 496 654 654 654 50' Page No.2 0.00A .

~ Q W:<II \.0A 35.0A 20.0A 35. p I RCA SCR's Fit 15 25 30 50 300 400 500 600 700 750 800 IGT(mA) VGT(V) File No.TO-3 Press . i 12. 86400N S641QN . .5A 20.0A 200A 200A 350A 200A 350A 100 150 2N3668 S6200A 2N3870 S6210A 2N3896 200 250 2N3669 862008 2N3871 562108 2N3897 2N3670 862000 2N3872 862100 2N3898 2N4103 86200M 2N3873 86210M 2N3899 40 2 116 203 15 40 2 418 210 2 578 218 '5 2 418 210 40 2 578 218 ITSM VRROM(VI ~'J •••• 'DiJ =: IT(RM5l VOROM Stud .. Page No.

5 28 234 3 96 225 2 247 228 3 408 3 724 245 S6420M 700 750 BOO IGT(mA) S6420N '5 2 VGTIVI File No.BO 3.0A FTO 35A 180A 2SOA 2N3650 2N3655 2N3651 2N3656 35.0A 35.0A 200A 'TSM VOROM VRROM(V) 3SOA '5 25 30 SO 100 '50 200 250 300 400 500 600 S6220A 56220B 562200 56420A 56420B 564200 150A 2N1842A 2N681 2N1843A 2N682 2N1844A 2N683 2N1845A 2N684 2N1846A 2N685 2N1847A 2N6B6 2N164BA 2N6B7 2N3652 2N3657 2N1849A 2N688 2N689 2N3653 2N3658 S7430M S7432M 2N1850A 56220M 1SOA 125A 2N3654 2N690 S6431M 45 25 80 180 .0A Pul. 4'B 2'0 40 2 578 2'8 23B . oW RCA SCR's 'T(RM51 20.0A 1G.TD-48 Isolated Stud ~.OA 25. Page No. 35. FTO Mod.

50A lN2860A lN4438 File No. 00.5A D120tF 50A lN5391 D1201A lN5392 012018 'N5393 lN5394 lN5395 012010 D1201M 01201N lN5396 lN5397 lN5398 1A Insulated 35A lN537 lN538 "lN539 lN441B lA 35A lN2858A lN2859A . 277 273 281 20A 350A lN248C lN249C lN250C tN1196A 40A 800A tNt183A lN1184A lN1186A tNtlS7A lN1196A lN1197A lN1188A tN1205A lNl206A tN1198A lNlt90A 20 283 6 287 38 291 lN1189A .75A '0 .75A lN3253 lN5211 lN5215 lN3194 lN3254 lN5212 lN5216 lN3195 lN3255 lN3256 lN3563 lN5213 lN5217 'N3196 lN5214 lN5218 4' 294 41 294 245 270 245 270 lN1763A lN2881A lN2B62A 500 tN444B lN1764A lN2883A 600 tN445B lNl095 lN547 lN2964A 800 1000 5 252 3 255 89 258 50A lN3193 lN540 Page No.00.26 I I 0.1 * RCA Rectifiers 15A IFSM VRRM(VI 50 100 200 300 400 I I I O. 35A 91 265 ~ I RCA Rectifiers VRRMIVI -- lA 30A '0 IFSM 50 100 200 300 400 500 600 800 1000 I • D(). 495 478 58 Page No.75A Insulated 00-5 00-4 6A 150A lNl341B lNl342B 12A 240A lN1199A lNl200A lN13448 lNI202A tNl203A lNl204A tNl345B lNl3488 lNl3478 lNl3488 D1201P lN5399 File No.UA41B tN440B O.75A 15A lN536 lA 35A lA 0.lS Plastic (Plastic) 1.

I RCA Rectifiers ~ 00-26 Plastic t OO-S 00-4 '0 lA lA 6A 6A 12A 12A 20A 20A 30A IFSM 3SA SOA 7SA 125A 150A 25QA 225A 30M 300A 700A 02601 F 02201 F lN3879 D2406F D2412F lN3899 D2520F lN3909 D2540F D2412A . 350 ns. 350 ns. 303 303 303 298 298 313 200 ns. 350 ns. 354 354 354 522 522 629 Page No. 200 ns. 723 629 726 663 727 664 728 66S 729 580 Page No.'IN3900 D2520A lN391Q 02S40A 024128 lN3901 025208 lN3911 025408 VRRMIV) 40A 100 02601 A 02201 A lN3880 D2406A lN3889 lN3890 200 026018 02201 B lN3881 lN3882 024068 lN3891 02406C lN3892 D2412C 1N3902 D2520C lN3912 026010 022010 lN3BS3 024060 lN3893 024120 lN3903 025200 lN39'3 50 300 400 025400 500 D2406M 02520M D2412M D2540M 600 D2601M D2201M 800 D2601N D2201N Typ.~ . 350 ns. 200 ns. 200 ns. 200 ns. - 200 ns. . 500 ns. - 200 ns. 200 ns. SOD ns. ns. - Max. - 200 ns. 308 313 323 318 331 326 339 334 342 345 1000 Reverse Recovery Timetrr i l I RCA Rectifiers '0 I ~ 00·26 IA IFSM 70A Trace 02601 Commutallng 00-1 IA lA lOA 20A EF 02601 OF linearity 70A - 00-15 !Plastlcl lA 30A 50A D2103SF D12Q1M 021035 02201M D2600EF 02201 Regulator a 02201 B Clamp 021015 File No. 200 File No.

••. V +3 max. 9 min. 517 Page No. 35 max... Page No.• T TO-56 IT(AMS) TRACE RETRACE 'TSM 5A 50A 5A 50A 538000 VOROM(V) 400 500 550 600 650 700 750 IGT(mA) VGT(V) File No. --"- . V File No. I RCA Diacs 'ok D3202Y 03202U 2A 2A 00-15 (Plastic) 29 min. +3 max... S3800E S3800EF S3800M S3800MF 538005 S3800SF 40 4 45 4 639 199 639 199 V .l-vlBOII IC>V± V 350 RCA ITR's* V . 350 VISO' H-VISOII. 40 max. 517 9 min... V 25 min.

"Crowbars" CD Ignition CD Ignition. TO-5 w Spdr.•. TO-220AB (VERSAWATTI 2N5757 T2310 T2311 T2312 T2313 T2850 T2800 T2801 15 200-600 200-600 Press-Fit 200-600 200-600 200-600 Isolated-Stud Press·Fit 2N5568 T4101 Stud 2N5570 T4111 200-600 Isolated-Stud TO-66 10 10 10 15 200-600 40 200-800 Press-Fit 40 40 200-800 30 Stud Isolated-Stud Press-Fit 200-800 2N5572 T4100 T4110 2N5574 T4120 T4121 • • Light Control Motor Control-Static T6410 2N5446 T6420 • Heat/Comfort Control T6401 T6411 30 30 200-600 Stud Isolated-Stud 60 200-600 Press-Fit.3 . CA3059.5 3. 200-400 Press-Fit Stud .5 100-400 1. Flex. Id T8401 60 60 200-600 200-600 Stud Flex. 200-400 Triacs in most series are characterized RCA-CA3058. TO-5 & TO-5 w Red. Small Motor Control. contact your RCA Representative.•.5 200-600 8 100-400 12. Small Motor Control CD Ignition. Regulators.• 200-400 200-400 Press-Fit Stud . and CA3079 General Purpose AC Power Switching T4700 2N5443 T6400 200-600 200-600 10 10 Circuit to Power Control T2710 100-450 Stud Ie Control T2500 T2700 6-8 15 15 Typical Applications Series T2300 T2301 T2302 & Speed • Solid State Static Switching • Three Phase Power Control T6421 T8430 T8440 T8450 T2304 T2305 T4103 T4113 T4104 Airborne-Type Equipment and T4114 60-Hz Applications Requiring T4105 T4115 High Commutating dv/dt • Motor Starters T6404 T6414 T6405 T6415 for applications utilizing Zero-Voltage switching with IC triggering circuits .7 200-600 1.6 200-600 Package TO-5 & TO-5 w Red. TO-5 w Red. TO-220AB (VERSAWATT) TO-3 Press-Fit Stud Isolated-Stud 2N4102 S2400 S2600 52610 S2620 2N4101 S2710 S2800 2N4103 S6200 S2610 S6220 Fuel Igniters CD Ignition. and General Purpose General Purpose .9 .5 200-400 15 15 200-400 TO-5 Press-Fit Stud'" 6 6 40 40 25 25 200-400 200-400 Press-Fit 200-400 200-400 200-400 Stud Press-Fit Stud . Id Isolated-Stud Flex.5 100-600 200-400 6 3. 2 200-600 100-600 4.3 .2.7 .6. TO-66 & TO-66 w Red.see product matrix for types in each series. For Types not listed. TO-220AB (VERSAWATT) TO-66 & TO-66 w Red..Appl ication Information Triacs LOW-CURRENT SENSITIVE-GATE Current IT(RMS)-A Voltage Range· V 1.2.ld T8411 T8421 80 80 80 200-600 200-600 200-600 Press-Fit Stud Isolated-Stud 0.5 100-600 100-600 100-600 20 20 20 100-600 TO-8 TO-8 TO-5.

9 9 18 50-600 50-600 00-4 30 30 50-600 00-5 50-400 50-600 00-5 00-5 00-4 General Purpose 1N1348B 00-5 Package Typical Applications 1N547 1N1206A 1N1198A 50-800 50-800 60 Series 1N445B 02201 1N3883 lN3893 General Purpose Typical Applications TV Deflection.5 0. and High-Frequency Power Supplies 02406 02412 1N3903 02520 1N3913 02540 Inverters and High-Frequency Power Supplies .750 TO-66 Rectifiers STANDARD-lead-Type Hermetic and Plastic Packages Current IO-A Voltage Range .V Package 0.75 1 0.Application Information SCR's (cont'd) GENERAL PURPOSE PHASE CONTROL Current IT(RMS)-A 10 10 10 Voltage Range· V 100-600 100-600 Typical Applications Series Package Press-Fit S6201 5tud Isolated·Stud 52611 35 100-600 100-800 Press-Fit 56221 2N3873 35 100-800 5tud 2N3899 35 100-800 25-600 Isolated-Stud TO-48 TO-48 526420 25 16 25-500 General Purpose 2N690 2N1850A 5 200-600 TO-66 53700 High-Frequency 5 TO-66 TO-66 53701 Laser Diode Driver 5 600 700-750 5 100-700 TO-66 & TO-66 w Rad. Inverters.15 (Plastic) 02102 00-26 02601 1. 5 600 35 600 50-600 TO-66 TO-48 TO-48 35 53702 53704 53703 53705 53706 Power Supplies 110° TV Deflection 53714 56431 2N3658 2N3653 90° TV Deflection Pulse Modulators I nverters.75 1 100-600 50-600 00-1 00-1 1.75 50-1000 Plastic 200-800 200-800 200-1000 00-26 00-26 00-26 1 200-800 00-26 6 12 50-600 50-600 00-4 00-4 20 40 50-600 50-600 Current Voltage Range .5 700-750 lN1764A 1N2864A 01201 1N5399 1N3196 lN5214 lN3563 lN5218 00-5 lN1190A Series 00-1 00. Choppers ITR's TV Horizontal Deflection 5 400.V IF(RMSrA 3 1.

Triacs .

15 W 0. -65 to 100 °c °c .2N5754..J.s1 max GATE POWER DISSIPATION: • P PEAd For 1 J. 2N5755. Operating . 2N5757. T23l3D . compact package Voltage * See Figs.05 W RANGEf: -65 to 150 . 0 Case temperature (TC) = 70 C 2N5754. t t For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal 1. • In accordance with JEDEX:.4. economical transistorized use in low-power phase ... 2N5757 Ambient temperature (TA) = 2SoC on-state current rating of 2.smax GM 10 AVERAGE * * • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main tenninal l. T2313D. see Dimensional Outlines. but for 1. (case) o (TA) = 2s C . TJ = 65° to 100°C 2N57 54. 2N5755. sinusoidal) IT5M principal For one full cycle of applied principal voltage (50-Hz. . 200. For one full cycle of applied voltage (6o-Hz.3."Cjl I MAIN TERMINAL 2 1 For For For For INAL 1 l-L GATE I I J 3/ Low-Voltage Operation 120-V Line Operation 240-V Line Operation High-Voltage Operation I 171 Features: 2N5754 2N5755 2N5756 2N5757 .58 mm) from the case for 10 s . T2313A (40684)2N5755. sinusoidal) ... 2N5756... Resistive or Inductive Load • REPETITIVE voltages...400. 2N5755. For ambient temperature • TEMPERATURE Storage. • LEAD TEMPERATURE: During soldering. IGTM CURRENT A For 1 J. Types 2N5754. 2N5756.9 T23 I 3 serie~ are the same as respectively are intended V DROM Gate Open.T23l3B . respectively. (1. registration data format (JS-14.•..25/40 mA IGT Package for Printed • 3-Lead • Small Size .. .. terminal temperature at a distance ~ 1/16 in.. ..[Klm3LJD Thyristors 2N5754 2N5756 2N5755 2N5757 T2313 Series Solid State Division n:-~:~:..J. 2N5757* utilize a (similar to JEDEC TO-51 and have an RMS 100 200 400 600 RMS ON-STATE CURRENT IT(RM5) * Conduction angle· 360°.. W PG(AV) 0. 25 A 21 A See Fi~... T23l3M. Applications Absolute-Maximum For Operation with 50/60-Hz. These RCA triacs switches that are gate-controlled are designed on-state for either negative gate triggering The gate polarity sensitivity full-wave to switch from of applied voltage silicon an off-state Suitable ac to an with positive or of these control control • Shorted Circuit for Remote MAXIMUM triacs permits the use Emitter Design Board Applications Switching RATINGS. T2313B. T2313D (40686)..6. have factory-attached heat-radiators and printed-circuit board applications. 2N5757.. • PEAK GATE-TRIGGER A 2. For infonnation on the reference point of temperature measurement. 2N5756. Types PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) ON-STATE CURRENT T2313A. T2313B (40685)2N5756.5 A and repetitive peak off-state voltage ratings of 100. . cations. RDF-2). & S... Forcase temperature o (TC) = 60 C. 2N5756. and 600 volts. T2313M (40687)- Values: Sinuosidal Supply PEAK OFF-STATE VOLTAGE· of circuits and enhances their and load-switching appli- 2N5755. For more than one full cycle of applied voltage ... T2313A _ .2N5757. For other conditions. T2313M'" the 2N5754..

exponential and gate open....................... .8 V 35 6 20 82 See Fig... ... ...Rise of Off.... At TC = -65°C ..... For vo = VOROM and RL = 1250 At TC = 1000C ... ...... ..... ... 02 075 mA 2.. Junction_fa_Case: ..... At TC = -65°C . rated value Maximum IOROM Typ... . For other case temperatures . QUADRANT No. . Gate Open.2 2.. Peak Off-State Current:.. and TC = 25°C TC - Voltage:.. .... Gate Open. .2 3- V ~ 0... For other case temperatures . .. .. VIpS 100 VG VMT2 I' III" I' 111+ III DC dvldt rise... 2.. 0.... For Vo = VOROM.5 VGT -See ........12..... TC = lOOoC DC Gate-Trigger IHO ..8. ...1 MAIN TERMINAL --ON POSITIVE STATE /IH .... QUADRANT No........ ROF ·2).. Initial principal current = 150 mA (OCl.... ..... For iT = 3.....~ mA Voltage:.5 A (peak) and TC = 250C ...... Fig...9 1.•.... . • For either polarity of main terrlliral 2 voltage (VMT2) With reference ° main terminal . Steady·State ...LIMITS ALL CHARACTERIST UNITS Min..... ..... .1! mA ~ t For Vo = 12 V (OCI and RL = 300 ....6 1........ .. 5 5 10 10 25 25 40 40 30 30 40 40 60 60 100 100 - Fig...State Current:.. . . . . DC Holding TYPES SYMBOL IC VTM Current:. Critical Rote-of.... .... Thermo I Res istonce.... ...5 °C/W .. • In accordance with JEOEC registration data format US'l4. III MAIN TERMINAL NEGATIVE IH 2 ON STATE _ T 2 BJ·C 8........ VO= 12V At TC = 25°C ...... Max....... TJ = 1000C and VDROM = Max. On-State For iT = 10 A (peak) and TC = 25°C ... 10 For Vo = 12 V (OCl.... ..... . RL = 300 .... .. .. . ..... .. ..2 ....... ... . At TC = 25°C . voltage = t Mode ositive egative positive negative positive negative negative positive 1+ positive negative positive negative positive negative negative positive -65°C I' 111+ F or other case temperatures Gote-Trigger Voltage:- IGT -See ...

~ 80 j ~ 70 DEVICE HEAT CAP..5 123 1.. COPPER TEMPER MEASURED SINK ON 1/4~ FROM CASE CAP. 5 - Maximum allowable ambient temperature vs. on-state current.." I OUT LINE ~ 180"\J36<:J' 0 100 CONDUCTION m 80 " c"r "" "''""x'". PRINTED-CIRCUIT BOARD MOUNTED. ® FORCED-AIR COOLED.> "''"-'.. "" - I -. LEAD LENGTH ® 60 " 50 . ~H' 50 Hz 5 0 I I 4 2 4 6 • I 2 3 POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE INSTANTANEOUS ON... 1'\ 20 ~~ "~~ z"'- 15 -" ~4 ~ '" ~ ITel: 10 " ""..2. LEAD LENGTH ~ I" 0.NO HEAT RADIATOR.NO SINK. __ . '" ~.X ffiUNT'®NG HEAT ON ~ I" :Q±114' SOLDERED JfI6"-THICK ATURE ~.STATE VOLTS (\IT) 92C5-15713 . ® TRIAC WITH HEAT RADIATOR © TRIAC. 1/4" FROM DEVICE HEAT ..rl~ Gml CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE: 3600 CASE TEMPERATURE (TC): MEASURED AS SHOWN ON DIMENSIONAL '"'"5.. on-state current.. on-state current..5 I RMS ON-STATE 1. RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONOUCTION ANGLE: 360· ! 100 '" '" u 90 ~ Z "....5 [InRMSI] 92LS." " 70 60 0. " .5 [IT(RMS1] fULL-CYCLE RMS ON-STATE AMPERES [ITtRMSI] Fig.. OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY . :2. 'l'1 "'~ . COPPER MEASURED SINK ON "" SINI<.097"2 Fig.. ® ~'~ CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSO IOAL lOAD. SUPPLY FREQUENCY: 50/60 Hz ~~~D~~:~~~~r~EAMPERES '" ~ z o CASE TEMPERATURE I I I 25 ~'i ..5 [IT(RMSJ] 70·C I I I GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL..STATE RATED VALUE..HEAT RADIATOR ATTACHED.. FOR ON @TRIAC..-.. "".5 AMPERES 2 2.5 3.400 TO 1000 FT/MIN.u ~ '" Ocr -' ..~ TEMPER- CASE FOR . 2 - Power dissipation 10'3".5 RMS ON-STATE 2 AMPERES 2... ANGLE • 81 + 8 90 92LS-138eR3 Maximum allowable case temperature vs... HEAT 0)- HEAT RADIATOR 100 SOLDERED 1/16-· THICK ATURE MOUNTING ~cr "" 0".

. ••..:. §.5 ampere2 IO-ohm power load.•.. 6 F V> '::. NOTE.01 4 6 8 0. loads FOR INDUCTIVE LOADS CONNECT POINTS AI AND BI TO TERMINALS A AND 8 RESPECTIVELY.001 4 6 80..•••.•••. rent surges 2. case temperature. ENCLOSED AREA INDICATES LOCUS OF POSSIBLE TRIGGERING POINTS.••.•••" •. ••._-t:\ -.1 POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE DC GATE-TRIGGER 4 6 8 I AMPERES(IGT) 92CS-15715RI Fig... resi stor rating in This rating of series can connect appropri with be ate the deter- as follows: Rating of Resistor = IO(rms 92LM-1972R2 o -70 -GO -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 CASE TEMPERATURE {Tc)_OC 30 40 load current)2 . mined Power IO-ohm r 81 incandescent lamp produce burnout curwith 12t values greater than a RCA TRIAC For which for seconds..• '"'.. 10 8 w 5 u "w > ~ '"" > w i= in ~ 92CS-15719RI Fig. 0.. 9- Gate trigger characteristics and limiting conditions determination of permissible gate trigger pulses.. ... '"wg ~ . 8 - DC holding current (positive or negative) vs.~ •. .1 0.

3 . A low--mass temperature probe Or thermocouple having wire no larger than AWG No.30 h .S.J-' .10 . 1.44 .38 .0 A I. Lead No. finish: 2.021 .1 .210 .219 25.33 6...450 1750 1320 ) ) NOTES.AX - 630 '101 1235 INCHES SYMBOL • I 0 .53 8. </>P.45 1.b .747 2.71 I .035 e.w .070 in.74 .Gate .Main terminal 2 . MAX. 45° NOMINAL 50° NOMINAL 3 r'F.03 1 Q .362 2.T • • The temperature reference point specified should be used when making temperature measurements.22 1. = .14 26.260 4. Measured at bottom of heat radiator .76 P ..975 .349 17.83 6.00 ]1]7 3D61 18923 22..54 jDl REFRENCE POINT FOR CASE ~~~~~~T~:.89 1.38 .240 .. 16 should be attached at the temperature reference point.035 8.AX - 16. 2N5755.Main terminal Lead No.366 5.13 .100 2. "t-n t-~".. MAX.035 .• ". 1 MOUNTING TABS (NOH2l POIN r FOR CASE TEMPERA TURE MEASUREMEtH& TERMINAL 3.025 24.37 171 - 7.60 . (1..029 8. .3 .330 . Recommended hole size for printed-circuit electroless nickel plate board is 0. L 4 DIMPLED Sf ANDOFFS MILLIMETERS 7" 87S 0.The specified temperature-reference point should be used when making temperature measurements. .028 . 040 OSS 170 910 115 </>P 191 </>P.045 1.1 Lead No.017 ID . A low·mass temperature probe Or thermocouple having wire no larger than AWG No. CONNECTIONS For Types 2N5754.Main terminal 1 Lead No.78 mm) dia.INCHES SYMBOL MILLIMETERS NOTES MIN .89 i k .•.2 2 Heat Rad. 26 should be attached at the temperature reference point.335 .51 9. 2N5756.R. 0. 190 . 093 ]G' 09\ E = [} I MOUNTING TAB (LEAD NO 2 BEHIND MOUNTING TAB) F I F. Lead No.2 ..02 19177 2299 140 431 23.Gate Case.413 121 157 25.015 .Main terminal . 755 - 048 061 998 687 048 1002 689 Oil NOTES . MIN. 2N5657 Lead No.." ' I.493 7..

T2300B.g. 400 volts. 40530. T2302D. 3. 200 volts. T2312A T2302B. designed to switch from a blocking state state for either polarity of applied voltage negative gate triggering. and T2312-series full-wave ac silicon switches. 40535)* For 240-V Line Operation . 8 .35 0. for T2302 and T2312 series T2302-. 40529. REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATE TJ = _40 0 ReA type numbers. T2312B T2302D. T2310A. • • 3-Lead Package for Printed Board Applications Shorted Emitter Design Circuit The T2300 series has rms on-state current ratings of 2. for T2300B and T2302B. 40536)* _GATE I -Numbers T2310 Series T2312 Serie. T2312A (40525. and higher gate and enhances their use applications.T2300A. and for T2300D and T2302D.5 2. RCA T2300·. For more than on full cycle of applied voltage CURRENT: 25 21 A A See Fig. The gate permits the use of economical transistorized MAXIMUM (e. 40533. T2310-. gate-controlled • series has higher trigger current sensitivity of requirements these triacs dv/dt and IC control in low-power phase control circuits with 50/50-Hz. 40528. T2312B (40526. T231 OB T2300D. T2310B. T2302B. but have factory-attached heatradiators cations. for T2300 and T2310 series 10 mA max. The T231 0 and T2312 series are the same as the T2300 and T2302 series. T2312D (40527. 50 Hz sinusoidal. PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) 2. T2310D. 40534)* For 120-V Line Operation . 2.5-Ampere Sensitive-Gate Silicon Triacs . T231 2D CURRENT (Conduction Angle = 3600): = 600 c: T2300 series = 70° C: T2302 series = 250 C: T2300 series T2302 series For other conditions A A A A See Figs. IGate Openl: +900 C: T2300A. Absolute-Maximum = -4QOC to are are to a conducting with positive or and load-switching For Operation TJ triacs They than the T2300 series. 40525) Very High Gate Sensitivity 3 mA max. T2302A. and or Inductive Load are intended for printed-circuit-board appli- Values: VOltage and Resistive SinuDsidal Supply VOLTAGE.5 amperes at a case temperature of +60°C while the T2302 series has the same ratings at a case temperature of + 70°C.T2300D. capability RATINGS. T2310A T2300B.5 0.ltDjI ~M""IN For Low-Power Phase-Control and Load-Switching Applications ~:~~INAL 1~ _~~=~l~ For Low-Voltage Operation . respectively.40 See Figs_ 6 & 7 ON-STATE For one full cycle of applied principal voltage 60 Hz sinusoidal. 4 & 5 For heat-radiator types. The T2302 in parentheses Features: T2302A. T2310D C to +1000C: RMS ON-STATE TC TC TA are former The repetitive peak off-state voltage rating for T2300A and T2302A is 100 volts. 40531.[]Qm5LJ1] Thyristors Solid State Division T2300 T2302 T2310 T2312 Series 2. 40532.

GATE POWER DISSIPATION+: Peak (For 1 IJS max.2 - 1.05 W W +40to+150 DC -40 to +90 -40to+100 oC 0C See Figs..5 (max.r'l~ B.40529. MAX Peak Off-State Current: • Gate Open and VOROM = Max. DC Holding Current:' Gate Open. . and TC = 250 C Mode 1+ 1111111 + For other case temperatures VMT2 positive negative positive negative Thermal Resistance.7 2 5 See Fig... For other case temperatures . . __ . 15 mA V/IlS . Junction-to-Case: Steady·State IHO - - 0. MIN. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS At Maximum Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (TC) Unless Otherwise Specified LIMITS SYMBOL T2300 Series T2302 Series T2310 Series T2312 Series UNITS MIN..58 mm) from the case for 10 s . and gate open At TC = +1000 C At TC = +900 C DC Gate-Trigger Current:..75 - 0.2 0. __ _ . IOROM See Fig. (1.•..) (T2302 series) . exponential voltage rise.15 0. Vo =12 At TC = 250 C __ _ .. rated value At Tj = +1000 C .40526. .2 - 1. .. TYP.40530 . 14 - - - 0. 12 - 11 o~~ >~ See Fig..7 2.. VTM - dv/dt . .. • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main termin~1 1..2 V 6. MAX. 13 12 2 - 11 12. _ _ .. . _ At Tj = +900 C .. Maximum On-State Voltage:' For iT = 10 A (peak) and TC = 250 C . Critical Rate-of-Rise of Off-State Voltage:' For Vo = VOROM.. _ .2 'I = o. Initial principal current = 150 mA (OCl... ... Heat-radiator types (From -400 C) Upper limits..l Average: TC TA" = 600 C 250 C TEMPERATURE RANGEt: Storage Operating (case): 40525. terminal temperature at a distance2' 10 W 0.5 3.• t For Vo = 12 V (DC) and R L = 30 n At TC = 250 C For other case temperatures For vO = VOROM and RL = 125 n At TC = 1000 C At TC = +900 C .5 10 10 2 2 3 3 - 7 7 10 10 - - - - 5 - VG positive negative negative positive ... DC Gate·Trigger Voltage: . For information on the reference point of temperature measurement see Dimensional Outlines. . RL = 30 n.. _ .5 15 See Fig. TYP. LEAD TEMPERATURE: During soldering..) (T2300 series) B. __ .5 (max.t For Vo = 12 V (DC). 40527 40528. 10 - - - - - 1 1 3 3 - 3.75 mA - - 2.. 6 & 7 1/16 in.

60 COPPER TEMPER- MEASURED HEAT CASE CAP. +VDROM OFF STATE QUADRANT No..0". .5 [ITlrms SINK LEAD MOUNTING 1/4" FOR 60 ON Series ON FROM HEAT HEAT ® 3 )]-A 20 o 0. ~~ .. RMS 1. "1X SOLDERED SINK..5 HEAT 'l'1 => DEVICE ON I/IS"-THICK T2302 ~~ ..4 0.8m Series 90 w 70 'DO '" '". POINT MIDWAY BETWEEN rl~ 9ml AT I w '"51' 'DO .M ON .6 CURRENT 0. .•..2 RMS ON-STATE 0.A I" O±'I4' DEVICE M I/IS ATURE itT'NG = LENGTH ® ® T230 . III MAIN TERMINAL 2 ON NEGATIVE STATE WAVEFORM • SINUSOIDAL CURRENT LOAD" RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE RATING APPLIES FOR ALL CONDUCTION ANGLES. ArURE Series Ow j ~ 70 "w 0. w_ -' u "'I- ~~ j ~ ~ aD . CON ~ .5 ON-STATE CURRENT 2.QUADRANT No..."u 90 Z .-r ® ANGLES FOR ~ ~ 80 ..aO'\J360" 0 CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL OR INDUCTIVE LOAD: RESISTIVE aUCTION RATINGS APPLY FOR ALL SOLDERED THICK SINK..=> '""-. TEMPERATURE IS MEASURED ON BASE LEADS.0 ... T2300 Series Wfh. .. LEAD LENGTH FROM = .8 I!T (rmsl] 1.1 MAIN TERMINAL 2 POSITIVE -ON STATE IH . CONDUCTION ANGLE T2302 •• 91 +. COPPER TEMPER- MEASURED SINK 114 M CASE CAP.

._ ::~: -_: ~~ I 1...... .. FI ::: .5A (TC)" 70°C 2 4 :E:-': . -':L:·· // 131~ .: ~F ...o ~~ 50 Hz 5 2 4 •• : CURRENT WAVEFORM SINUSOIDAL LOAD RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE 3600 2..••."" .to .0... - .::: -.5 CURRENT [IT(rmsl}-A I RMS ON-STATE 1.T.. 1\ - 1\ ".:c:: .t:~:-· .::'.5 RMS ON-STATE 2.5 .... "'- .'~~""'" .5 CURRENT 25 2 [IT( rms)]-A SUPPLY FREQUENCY" 50/60 Hz ~g~D ~~:~~~~I~~URRENT w CASE TEMPERATURE ~ [IT(RMSl]" z 0« 25 W' ~'i 0-00 ~._---z? 2 : .:.:. 20 wo~~ 0'" z'" 15 -'> ~u '" ~ '" ~ GA~E CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL.." :- . PRINCIPAL VOLTAGE "12V (DC) LOAD.:::.. .... ~~: •• CHARACTERISTICS APPLY FOR ALL TRIGGERING MODES..z o wi" w!!! >0 ~Hz <I I 0 4 '"w.:: 30 OHMS. :~~ :. RESISTIVE 0..5 1.:::I"'!"~I: 3 :.:....0 1..0 25 0....5 2 INSTANTANEOUS PRINCIPAL VOLTAGE (vT)-V :: ."1/ .:: :. 10 I 2 4 •• ~ I o.~~. OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE. :::1: .: ~" ..

..~~~.:::- ~ t 2 0 (T C I _·C l. 0 10 . . it:.. :::: -to TEMPERATURE E I ".~' C) -.. :~~F:.. :z: H . -'-1:' . . ~ . 15 ...> >= iij MAXIMUM UNIT WILL 0 "- I~ I '" 0 0 2 POSITIVE C *tcii TRIGGER 4 OR NEGATIVE ~-... ~-40· I. 20 30 -30 92LS-1975Rl DC holding current characteristics for either direction of principal current for T2300 and T2310 series..~ o·C ·..t... .. __ .i. -.: 0 (T C) - °C 92LS-1974RI Fig. u ~. GATE TRIGGER FOR INDICATED TEMPERATURE (TJ) 17~mqm 30 .DC gate·trigger current characteristics for T2300 and T2310 series._. It~t±ii1t:Uj. INITIAL PRINCIPAL CURRENT::150mA 50 ~::~ E . IZ ~ .. 13 . ! MAXIMUM INDICATED w -' 0 AREA INDICATES TEMPERATURES -20 CASE ~ t ..twH'CH Tj FOR ~~ :: +90°C 6 GATE-TRIGGER 20 9ZLS-1976RI - ... r-t- 1 1 t ~ . <....~~ _ .Gate characteristics for T2300 and T2310 series...:~ =.• 1 I lit I II It- t T . POINTS t: : j 11: AT l ! •• IT.:: z __ 3 20 :o 10 •• - _. ~= . RESISTIVE u 0 TRIGGERING u 0 •••E •••E I I o! '" ~ cr 1. 12 . =~s~·_. .i :~ . .DC holding current characteristics for either direction of prinicpal current for T2302 and 72312 series... . JTj ! Is CURRENT ~ 1 10 (tGTl - mA(OC) ~ 40° C it MAXIMUM CURRENT JUNCTION Fig.+~ ..· <l T. IZ w 30 ~~ a _. PRINCIPAL VOLTAGE aI2V(DCl LOAD" 30 OHMS. .•• .> >= <l .L~:: l::: :1. w l- C 7+r~' ---+ ++ t-'- ''"" I- OF POSSI SLE LOCUS FOR ALL OPERAT ING GATE TRIGGER VOLTAGE JUNCTION TEMPERATURE -10 TEMPERATURE Fig. .DC gate-trigger current characteristics for T2302 and T2312 series.CHARACTERISTICS APPLY FOR INDICATED MODES... 16 .. 14 - 10 <Tcl-oC - :r.. . . cr w 20 g <r ! Ii '" !< '" 10 o . _.. __...> 3 0° C cr w "' r I <l '" t- ~+25· I + I-l-J-...-:= .--: •• .40 -30 -20 -10 0 CASE TEMPERATURE 10 20 lTc)_OC 30 -20 92LS-1978RI CASE Fig. IT ~1 t I I w +25· .__.. . . f... ... o ~ : '4 ._._... : ....~~~~~:.- . a 'i'j" ~ z _. o ±tltHH~o:::~ -40 -30 -20 -10 0 CASE TEMPERATURE Fig. I~ C w w z cr 10 .. -:-:--. 20 40 H I- I- ~ cr cr a 30 B ~ ''~ "" . 13 s ~ :::'" I- SHADED VARIOUS gTll 4 '" ~:'-t rt±t ....1. FOR ....-1 " TRIGGERING MOOES...:.-+- +....:_... - .. ..'''.

lJJF 100Kn 200V 100V 1/2W O.2K " LF 2W I~/~~ FOR PHOTOCELL CONTROL CONNECT POINTS A' AND B' TO TERMINALS A AND n.lJJF O.3Kn 15Kn VOLTAGE 120V 60Hz 240V 50Hz lW RCA TYPES R3 R2 1/2W 1/2W 200JJH O.1 . The appropriate wattage rating can be determined as follows: AC INPUT RFI FILTER C1 C2 O.) CF* hyp.) MAXIMUM VOLTAGE AT WHICH NO UNIT WILL TRIGGER FOR T··+IOO·C 15 20 GATE-TRIGGERING RFI 25 CURRENT IIGT) 30 - mA (DC) FILTER r-----~l I *RCA I TRIAC I (SEE I TABLE 1 I D I . CF $ 1.lJJF TZlOOB .5 ampere2 seconds.2Kn 15Kn 100JJH O.TZ312B 3.lJJF 250Kn 400V 100V R1 LF * (typ.) 2. connect a 10-ohm resistor of appropriate wattage rating in series with the load. NOTE: PHOTOCELL D' TO TERMINALS 0 C AND D.RESPECTIVELY B FOR INDUCTIVE LOADS CONNECT POINTS C' AND c·1 0.lJJF O. RESPECTIVELY .1 eF 200V FOR 120V INPUT 400V FOP 240V INPUT For incandescent lamp loads which produce burnout current surges with 12t values greater than 2.T231 OB 1/2W 1/2W 200V T2302B .T2302D 400V Z31OD.MAXIMUM INDICATED Tj' GATE TRIGGER VOLTAGE JUNCTION TEMPERATURE FOR (Tj) 40 C MAXIMUM CURRENT JUNCTION GATE TRIGGER FOR INDICATED TEMPERATURE IT.lJJF Z3000 .T2312D .

10 6.00 31.048 MILLIMETERS MAX MIN 0630 1.366 8.028 0. Lead No.13 8.017 0..330 8.100 2.Main terminal 1 Lead No.689 0.02 4.3 .362 12' 25349 1745 1.33 A 0.998 0687 0.89 00 001 NOTES 0.320 3 3 NOTES: 1.295 0.413 1.335 0.747 2.Gate Heat Rad.Main terminal 1 Lead No.905 0.60 ob 0. N.2 .61 19.240 0. finish: 2.025 24. W <PP 1nJ.Main terminal 2 .785 0.040 0.38 0.s.71 0. A low-mass temperature probe or thermocouple having wire no larger than AWG No. (1.035 0.015 0.260 6.2 .035 C.002 0.160 0.3 . 0.052 MAX.22 1. should be attached at the temperature reference point.062 1.195 - 30. TAB BEHIND L 0' TAB) ".03 P 0.83 5.048 0.775 0. NOTES 16.' POINT FOR TEMPERA CASE TURE MEASUREMENT· MIN A 1.INCHES SYMBOL MILLIMETERS MIN. 4 DIMPLED N STANDOFFS N.53 h 0.38 i 0.210 4.045 0.1 .190 0. Lead No.89 k 0.920 0.76 26.021 0.975 1.m~.219 0.78 mm) diD.Gate Case.69 22. 26 should be attached at the temperature reference point.055 0. Recommended is 0 OlD hole electroless size nickel for printed-circuit plote board in.99 1.035 0.30 0.54 1 0 a 45" NOMINAL P 50° NOMINAL "The temperature reference point specified should be used when making temperature measurements.Main terminal 2 Lead No.095 0.093 0.450 17.875 0.44 00 0.029 0.93 22. 0.94 7. 16 r "1' J U INCHES SYMBOL 0 0.493 2.2 MOUNTING F F.57 25. MAX.235 0.37 19. MIN. Lead No.74 1. MAX.40 4.06 2337 7.R.51 9.14 I 0.1 . ·The specified temperature-reference point should be used when making temperature measurements..305 0.50 1. A low-mass temperature probe or thermocouple having wire no larger than AWG No.205 0. E = MOUNTING (LEAD NO.

- I 1 1 1 4 4 4 4 current ratings of Data shown for the T2310 series in bulletin applicable to the T2311 series.9. T2311A (40766. Typ. triaes. File No.Suitable RCA T2301and T2311-series triacs are gate-controlled full-wave ac switches_ These devices are designed to switch from an off-state to an on-state for either polarity of applied voltage with positive (e.T2301 B.5 A and repetitive 100. File No. and have an RMS on-state rating of 2. and TC ·15' C IGT Mode I' III" 1III ~ VMT2 positive negtllive positive negative vc. but have factory-attached intended for printed-circuit board type voltages. Max.40767)* For 120-V Line Operation . vo •.T2301 0. shown for the T2300 series in bulletin applicable to the T2301 series. Rl "30L. .5-Ampere Sensitive . 470 are as the T2301-series heat-radiators applications. T2311B (40691.f '\ in parentheses • Very • Shorted High Gate Emitter • Heat-Radiator • Small The or negative high gate sensitivity (similar to JEDEC triacs gate triggering of these triacs TO-5) are supplied permits The T2311-series triacs are numbers.40761)* For 240-V Line Operation . the same for Printed for Remote Circuit Board Switching With the exception Applications Applications of the characteristics listed below. 470 data are the use of in a compact peak off-state triacs.[J\l(]5LJD Solid State Division T2311 Series 2.40762) * -Numbers . positive negative negative POSitive Units Min. 40766) Features: voltage package Characteristic DC ~Qte-Trigger For Limits Current. ReA Design Package economical transistorized or integrated control circuits and enhances their use in low-power phase control and loadswitching applications_ The T2301-series are former -4 mA Sensitivity Size . T2311 0 (40692. mA and are For data on additional ReA sensitive-gate refer to bulletin File No. 12 V roC).T2301A. and 400 va Its. 470.Gate Silicon Triacs For Low-Voltage Operation . 200.

T2304B..5 A 0...5-A Sensitive-Gate Silicon Triacs For Control-Systems Application in Airborne and Ground-Support Type Equipment For 115-V Line Operation . sink . AIl'S A 10 0.40771)** For 208-V Line Operation . T2305B (40769..... /0) AVERAGE (At TC = 600C) (At T A = 25°C. 60 Hz (sinusoidal) .•.....Fur temperature measurement reference with reference to main point. For more than one cycle of applied principal 50 15 voltage RATE-OF-CHANGE OF ON-ST ATE CURRENT: VDM = VDROM.R1G8-~:figURMNT·...40772)** Features: • • • • ReA T2304and full-wave silicon ac from an off-state to voltage with positive High Gate Sensitivity.. GATE POWER DISSIPATION: PEAK (For j I'S max. /4) 100 IGTM ....4 A See Figs. I.. IGT = 10/40 mA max..... and 208 voltages The V RMS sine high gate sensitivity economical These resistive triacs are intended or inductive MAXJMUM for operation loads and nominal RATINGS. PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) For one cycle without = terminal Outline. (1....Thyristors [IlCIDLJD Solid State Division T2304 T2305 Series 400-Hz.. 3 & 4 . (See Fig... tr = 0. up to 400 line voltages Absolute-Maximum wave and repetitive peak off-stage of 200 V and 400 V. di/dt Capability = 100 A/J. . IGT = 60 mA. T2304B T2304D T23051l T2305D REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATE VOLTAGE:' Gate open. Operating (Case) LEADTEMPERATURE (During soldering): At distances~ 1/16 in.1 "s (See Fig.. use of these triacs or integrated in low-power phase permits control the use of circuits control and and load- Values: For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Frequencies lip to 400 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load......•.58 mm) from the case for 10 s max ..... PGM PG(AV) PG(AV) Tstg TC . 0..•..15 0.T2304D. * For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main • For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) .. TL terminal 1..•. 5 di/dt PFF~~IGI'~1~}. .05 -50 to 150 -50 to 100 225 W W W °c °c °c . They are designed to switch an on·state for either polarity of applied or negative gate triggering voltages. without heat sink) TEMPERATURE RANGE:· Storage 200 0... of applied heat VDRLJM IT(RMS) 3600): principal ON-STATE CURRENT: 400 V ITSM voltage 400 Hz (sinusoidal) .... see Dimensional A A See Fig. TJ = -50 to 1000C RMS ON-STATE CURRENT (Conduction angle Case temperalure (TC) = 900C Ambient temperature For other conditions (T A) = 250C.. T2305D (40770.. transistorized Hz with enhances their of 115 switching applications.ls Commutating dv/dt Capability Characterized at 400 Hz Shorted-Emitter Design T2305-series triacs are gate-controlled switches.

. 1..... I(T(RMS) = 0. Te = 900e (See Fig...... rated value Maximum On·State IDROM Voltage:' .2 1. 1 4 V/ps 10 100 10 100 V/ps dv/dt IGT 3...... .15 tgt I. Junction-to-Case: .2 -SeeFig.. .. ..... . gate open. For other case temperatures Critical VTM Typ. 2.... ........•.... Max.5 10 5 25 3....B&9- Mode VMT2 VG l+ positive positive RL =30 n III- negative negative Te = 25°C r positive negative negative positive For Vo = 12 V (DC).... .. UNITS T2305 Series Rate-of-Rise . of Commutation IHO . . TC = 250e ........ . iT = 10 A (peak)..8 A/ms...2 V 7 15 15 30 mA Min... 0.. Te = 250C For other case temperatures .5 ps 8....5 OC/W .... 11 & 12_ 40 7 7 11 2.. Initial principal current:::: 150 mA IDC). TJ = 100oC... . .t ForvD = 12 V (DC).. For iT = 10 A (peak). For either polarity of main terminal t For either polarity of gate voltage (V G) with reference to main tenninal IIJ-C with reference to main terminal 1.... = 12 V..... exponentail voltage rise...•. IGT = 60 mA..... ..........ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS At Maximum Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (TC) Unless Otherwise Specified LIMITS CHARACTERISTIC SYMBOL T2304 Series Min.... TC= l000C DC Gate.. Peak Off-State Current:' Gate open.. . . 0....... RL = 30n. . tr = 0.7 2. commutating di/dt = 1..15 Gate-Contro"ed Turn-On Time: (Delay Time + Rise Timel For vo = VOROM..2 0.... .5 A. III+ For other case temperatures ...13- VGT 0.... .. 16) 2 voltage (VMT2) 4 .... 1 I 11 I mA 22 V 0.2 Tvo. RL = 125n.7 2.75 mA 1. .. .75 0.. ....B .8 2.. Te = 25°C .... 151 dv/dt Critical Rate-of·Rise of Off-Stage Voltage:' For vD = VOROM. . ForvO=VOROM.. DC Holding Max........Trillller Voltage:.. VOROM = Max. ..5 1. Current:' vo Gate open....... DC Gate....5 B. TC = 250C (See Fig...1 /JS..... -SeeFi Voltage:' For vD = VDROM. . . gate unenergized.•........ .....5 10 5 25 -I 10 10 40 10 10 See FillS..... ... TC= 100°C Thennaf Resistance.Trigger Current:' ...

4 - CYCLE ~ 4 ~ M RMS ON-STATE ~ CURRENT [IT(RMS)] 6 8 10 4 6 M -A SURGE CURRENT 92C5-11094 DURATION .2 VOLTAGE ( VT) .3 ~.~ -:> ~o 20 ~ 10 20 o ~ FULL Fig.2 zo 0. "'" t:'2:40 ~~ . on-state current for the package/mounting 4 CYCLES o I 2...l 1.809 ON .z 30 z ••• 0" Z•• .5A .~0. CASE TEMPERATURE {Tel'" 25·C r.3 ON-STATE 0.V OR NEGATIVE) 6 92CS-17095 Maximum allowable ambient temperature vs. !<~ :t:tt:t: ~~O.1 0.FULL 8 102 options of these triaes...~~:::iCiAiSiETEiMiPiEiRiAiTUiREi(iTIC)i'i25ifiCi~1111III! f -k. RESiSTIVE OR INDUCTIVE @ CONDUCTION ANGLE: -A 92CS-17093 SUPPLY FREQUENCY ••60/400 Hz LOAD: RESISTIVE RMS ON-STATE CURRENT[ITIRMSI]aO.2 0..1 F"ULL 0.5 FULL CYCLE RMS ON-STATE CURRENT [In.M..3 0..~ ~ CASE TEMPERATURE (Te)· OO·C z o 360- ~.4 0.4 o 0.2 CYCLE RMS 0..1l -A 0.5 CURRENT [ITtRMS)] 9ZCS-17092 TRIAC WITH HEAT RADIATOR ® ~:~~E~"i\~~TT HitlRC~~~~6 © TRIAC WITHOUT HEAT RADIATOR CURRENT WAVEFORM.STATE (POSITIVE I I. SINUSOIDAL LOAD.s t:! :='t- ~~ .o 0..... er!::' a:~ . ~~ 04 J ~ ~ :>0 ~~ 0. 3 INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE VOLTAGE IvTl-V (POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE) 8 103 ..

. UPPER U Mil OF PERMISSIBLE AVERAGE (DC) GATE POWER DISSIPATION AT RATED CONDITION. 10 20 30 40 92C5-17101 (T c) . 6 4 TRIGGERING MODES: All ENCLOSED AREA INDICATES LOCUS OF POSSIBLE TRIGGERING POINTS.01 2 4 680.1 DC GATE TRIGGER CURRENT (IGT)-A (POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 CASE TEMPERATURE Fig.001 2 4 680.1 0.DC gate-trigger current VS.°C case temperature for T2304 series.100. 0. 11 .

.-------I /--- OlIO' I I I 1 I I I I I I CO~UTATING dv/dt Fig.--. .. 1 Vo o_LL I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I SNUBBER NETWORK 500 n ITO BE USED 1/2 W I FOR INDUCTIVE I I I I I 1 I I ~g~~SU~:T~~EN -£' T :t :_L __ : I In..5 ampere2 seconds.V o oJ--. I I 1'90% I I POINT I I 1-+---- '1'"'i0...I.F1 fJ200V1 --L --i--l---" I 1---'" I I VOLTAGE (dv/dt) CHARACTERISTIC liS EXCEEDED I J J I --j I f~: VGT o_L -------... This rating can be determined as follows: Power Rating of _ 2 10-ohm Resistor ."0 For incandescent lamp loads which produce burnout cur· rent surges with 12t values greater than 2.10.Relationship between off-state voltage.ohm resistor of appropriate power rating in series with the NOTE: I POINT - 92CS-13366R2 load.-----. 15 . con· nect a 10 .10 (rms load current) Fig..Relationship between supply voltage and principal current (inductive load) showing reference points for definition of commutating voltage fdv/dtJ. 16 . and gate·trigger voltage showing reference points for definition of turn-on time (tgt)... on·state current. I o_L_L __ ~ '0 _r .

71 .210 .190 .025 MAX.60 .74 8.366 .53 9.76 26.2 .89 1.017 .029 .44 8.38 .260 4.83 6.Main terminal . A low-mass temperature probe or thermocouple having wire no larger than AWG No.13 . Lead No.021 . 450 NOMINAL 500 NOMINAL 1 terminal 2 On special request. MIN.INCHES MILLIMETERS NOTES SYMBOL MIN.330 .100 ¢o A REFRENCE POrH FOR CASE ~~'f.~~~T~::T • k ~ The temperature reference point specified should be used v.t1en making temperature measurements.335 .89 24.035 P . .30 8.38 . 16 should be attached at the temperature reference point.240 . f3 Lead No.03 . these triacs are also available with a factory·attached heat-radiator intended for printed·circuit board applications.035 .14 2.015 i I .10 ¢b ¢O ¢Ol .54 1 Q a.975 .028 .Main 5. .045 1.3 .51 h . Lead No.Gate Case.1 . MAX.33 6.

OOCD5LJ1]

Thyristors
T2306
T2316
T2606
T2706

Solid State
Division

T2806
T2616
T2716
T4106

T4107
T4116
T4117
T4706

T6406
T6407
T6416
T6417

Series
These triacs are gate-controlled

2.5-40-A, 100-600-V SILICON
TRIACS DESIGNED FOR USE
WITH IC ZERO-VOLTAGE
SWITCHES AS
TRIGGERING CIRCUITS

full-wave ac switches. They

are intended for ac load-control applications such as heating
controls

(proportional

or on-off);

lamp switching,

switching, and a wide variety of power-control

The RCA CA3058,

CA3059, and CA3079

motor

applications.

are monolithic

silicon IC zero-voltage switches designed for direct operation
from the ac line. They can drive the triac gate directly
provide

the

gating

signal

at

zero voltage

and

crossings for

minimum radio-frequency interference.

These triacs have gate characteristics which assure that the
zero-voltage switch can supply sufficient

drive current

to

trigger them over the operating-temperature range from
_40°C to +85°C. Ratings within this group of triacs range

For Power-Control and Switching Applications
at Frequencies of 50 to 60 Hz

from 2.5 to 40 amperes rms on-state current, with repetitive
off-state voltages available from 100 to 600 volts; and they
employ a wide variety of packages.
RATINGS AND CHARACTERISTICS

Rep. Peak
Type

Former

Off·State

No.

RCA

Voltage

'T(RMS)

Type

VDROM

at Case Temp.

No.

(VI

(A)

(OCI

100

2.5

70

T2316A

40693

Typ. DC
Holding

Current

Current

and Voltage at 25°C·
1+

at

250C, IHO I
(mAl
6

I

Max. DC Gate Trigger Current

I
I
!

IGT

Package

111+

(mAl

VGT
(V)

45

1.5

For
Additional
Data.
Refer to

IGT

VGT

Bulletin

(mAl

(V)

File No.*

45

1.5

Mod. TO-5 on

414

Heat Radiator

T2316B

40694

200

2.5

70

6

45

1.5

45

1.5

"

T2316D

40695

400

25

70

6

45

15

45

1.5

"

414

T2306A

40696

100

25

70

6

45

15

45

1.5

Mod. TO-5

414

-----

45

1.5

"

414

T2306B

---- - -t --------------- ---- --------

40697
__

.·0

_____

200

T2306D

40698

400

T6406B

40699

200

T6406D

40700

400

T6406M

I

40701

600

T6416B

I

40702

200

T6416D

140703

400

T64i6M

140704
40705

600

T6407B
T6407D
T6417B
T6417D
T6407M
T6417M
T4106B

i

RMS On-State

T4106D

I

200

140708

I 40709
I 40710
\40711
40712

I

I,
,I
I

I
I
i!

5

70

6

45

Ir

15

25

70

6

45

15

45

Mod. TO-5

414

40

70

25

45

1.5

45

1.5

Press-fit

593

40

70

25

45

1.5

45

1.5

"

593

1.5

45

1.5

"

593

1.5

45

1.5

Stud

593
593

I

40

70

25

45

40

65

25

45

40

65

25

45

1.5

45

1.5

Stud

40

65

25

45

1.5

45

1.5

"

30

65

25

45

1.5

45

,

1.5

I

1.5

"

459

1.5

Stud

459

1.5

Stud

459

1.5

Press-fit

459

1.5

Stud

459

1.5

Press-fit

458

1.5

"

458

30

65

25

45

1.5

45

30

60

25

45

1.5

45

1.5

45

1.5

45

I

400

30

60

25

45

600

30

65

25

45

600

30

60

25

45

i

1.5

45

15

80

20

45

45

80

20

45

I

1.5

15

1.5

45

200
400

i

_.-

1.5

200

400

40706
40707

,2

414

;

I

i
I

I

Press-fit

593
459

I
I

For
Type
No.

Former

RCA
Type
No.

Rep. Peak
Off-State

RMS On-State

Voltage

IT(RMS)

VDROM
(V)

Typ. DC
Holding

Current

and Volta!

at 250c4

1+

Current at

at Case Tamp.

25OC,IHO

IGT

(mA)

(mA)

(A)

(OCI

15

80

20

45

15
15

20
15
15

45

15

80
70
70

45
45

IGT

45

1.5

Stud

1.5
1.5

..

458

45

TO-66

300

40714
40715
40716

200
400

T4107B

40717

200

10

85

15

45

T4107D
T4117B

40718

400

10

85

1.5

200
400

10

85

15
15

45

40719
40720

45

10

85

15

40721

200
400

8
8

80
80

15

45
45

1.5
1.5

45

15

45

1.5
1.5

45

1.5

40722

Bulletin
File No.-

(mA)

40713

T4117D

Refer to

VGT
IV)

T4116D
T4706B
T4706D

T2806B
T2806D

Package

111+

VGT
(V)

T4116B

200
400

Additionel
Data,

Max. DC Gate Trigger Current

1.5
1.5
1.5

458

1.5

45
45

1.5

1.5

45

1.5

Press·fit

457

45

1.5

Press~fit

45
45

1.5

Stud

457
457
457
364

..

300

..

1.5

Plastic

45

1.5
1.5

45

1.5

TQ-66

..

364
351

T2706B

40727

200

6

75

15

T2706D

40728

400

6

75

15

45

1.5

45

1.5

TO-66

351

T2716B

40729

200

6

75

15

45

1.5

45

1.5

TO-56 with

351

T2716D

40730

400

6

75

15

45

1.5

45

1.5

Heat Radiator

&

..

I

A triac driven directly from the output terminal of the CA3058. CA3059. and CA3079 should be characterized for operation
triggering modes, i.e., with positive gate current (current flows into the gate for both polarities of the applied ae voltage).

.•• Except for gate characteristics,

data in these bulletins also apply to the types listed in this chart.

Technical information on RCA-CA3058. CA3059. and CA3079 is
contained in bulletin
For detailed
6182,

File No. 490.

application

information,

"Features and Application

Voltage Switches ".

see Application

Note

of RCA Integrated·Circuit

leAN·
Zero·

351

in the 1+ or 111+

OOm5LJD
Solid State
Division

T2500B
T2500D

Three-Lead Plastic Types for
Power-Control and Power-Switching
For 120-V Line Operation
For 240-V Line Operation

Applications

T2500B (41014)t
T2500D (41015)t

Features:

60-A Peak Surge Full-Cycle Current Ratings

• Shorted· Emitter, Center-Gate Design

Low Switchi ng Losses

Low Thermal Resistance

• PackageDesign Facilitates Mounting on a Printed-Circuit Board
Types T2500B and T2500D* are gate·controlled full-wave
silicon triacs utilizing a plastic case with three leads to
facilitate
mounting on printed·circuit
boards. They are
intended for the control of ac loads in such applications as
motor controls, heating controls, relay replacement, solenoid
drivers, static switching, and power·switching systems.
These devices are designed to switch from an off-state to an
on-state for either polarity of applied voltage with positive or
MAXIMUM

RATINGS, AbsoJute·Maximum

negative gate triggering voltages. They have an on·state cur·
rent rating of 6 amperes at a Te of sooe and repetitive offstate voltage ratings of 200 volts and 400 volts, respectively.
The unique plastic package design provides not only ease of
mounting but also low terminal impedance, which allows
operation at high case temperatures and permits reduced
heat·sink size.
• Formerly RCA Dev.Nos.TA8504 and TA8505.

Values:

For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Frequencies up to 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load,

REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATEVOLTAGE:·
Gateopen,TJ = -65 to 100°C
RMSON·STATECURRENT IConductionangle= 360°)·

VDROM

Case temperature

T2500B
200

T2500D
400

ITI R~.•1Sl

TC=800C

6----

For other conditions

--

A

See Fig. 3 ---

PEAK SURGEINON-REPETITlVE)ON-STATECURRENT:
For one cycle of applied principal voltage
60 Hz (sinusoidal).
50 Hz (sinusoidal)
For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage

___

60

_

___

50

_

--

See Fig. 4 ---

PEAK GATE·TRIGGERCURRENT:·
For 10 IJ.smax; see Fig. 10

GATE POWERDISSIPATION:
Peak (For 1

JjS

max.,lGTM

PGM

-:;4 A; see Fig. 10)

AVERAGE

16

PGIAV)---

02

_
_

TEMPERATURERANGE:'
Tstg

Storage
Operating

TC

(Casel

TERMINAL TEMPERATUREIDuring solderingl:
For 10 s max. (terminals and case)

For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2)

For either polarity of gate voltage

.•. For temperature

V

(V G)

measurement reference

with reference to main terminal

with reference to main terminal
poif't,

se~

Dimensional

Outline.

1.

1

-65

to 150 __

-65 to 100 __

ELECTRICAL
CHARACTERISTICS
indicated Case Temperatll'e
(T cl

at Maximum

Ratings

unless otherwise

specified,

and at

LIMITS
T2500B

SYMBOL

CHARACTERISTIC

UNITS

T2500D

MIN. TYP. MAX. MIN. TYP. MAX.
Peak Off-State Current:*
Gate Open, VOROM = Max. rated value
At TJ

=

100°C

IOROM

-

0.1

2

-

0.1

2

mA

vTM

-

1.7

2

-

1.7

2

V

-

15

-

15

30

.............................

Maximum On-State Voltage:*
For iT = 30 A (peak) and TC

=

25 °C ...............

DC Holding Current:*
Gate Open
Initial principal current = 150 mA (de)
At TC = 25°C .•..•........................
For other case temperatures .....•.......•.......

mA

IHO

30
See Fig. 8.

Critical Rate of Rise of Commutation Voltage:*·
For vO = VOROM. IT(RMS) = 6 A. Commutating
dildt = 3.2 Alms. and gate unenergized
At TC = BOoC ..............................

V!/-,s

dv!dt
4

Critical Rate of Rise of Off-State Voltage:*
For vd = VDROM exponential voltage rise, and gate open
At T C = 10006 ...........................
For other case temperatures ....................
DC Gate· Trigger Current:* t
For VD = 12V (de), RL = 12 \)
T C = 25°C, and specified triggering mode:
r+ Mode (VMT2 positive, VG positive) ...............
m- Mode (VMT2 negative, VG negative) .....•.......

V!/-,s

mA

10
15

25
25

-

20
20
60
30
30
60
See Figs. 12 and 13_

60
60

- 1.25
2.5
See Fig. 14.

2.5

-

-

25
25

-

-

1.25

0.2

-

-

-

1.6

2.5

-

1.6

2.5

/-,s

ROJC

-

-

°C!W

60

-

-

2.7

-

-

2.7

ROJA

60

°C!W

0.2

V

Time):
tgt

Thermal Resistance:
.............................
J unction-to-Case
,

......

*FOl either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main terminal
tFor either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal 1.
.Variants
special

-

10
15

VGT

ForvO = VOROM,IGT = 160 mA, rise
time = 0.1 IJS, and iT = lOA (peak)
At TC = 250C (See Fig.15.l ...................

J uncti on·to-Ambi ent ....................

250

-

-

+ Rise

- 75
See Fig.9

IGT

.......................

Turn-On Time (Oelav Time

-

300

For VD = VDROM and RL = 125 \)
At TC = 100°C ............................
Gate-Controlled

10

100

-

DC Gate· Trigger Voltage:* t
For VD = 12V (de) and RL = 1211
At TC = 25°C .....................•.......
F or other case temperatures .....................

4

dv!dt

I - Mode (VMT2 positive, VG negative) ...........•...
m+ Mode (VMT2 negative, VG positive) ....•........
For other case temperatures

-

10

1.

of these devices having dV/dt characteristics
selected specifically
for inductive loads are available
order; for additional
information,
contact your ReA Representative
or your ReA Distributor.

on

CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL
LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE
CONDUCTION

ANGLE:

o

360·

CASE TEMPERATURE:
MEASURED AS
SHOWN ON DIMENSIONAL
OUTLINE

2

4

FULL-CYCLE

6

8

RMS ON-STATE

10

CURRENT

[I

12

14

T{RMSJ-A
92C5-20960

-'"

w 1100
>-

SUPPLY FREQuENCY: 50/60 Hz SINE WAVE
LOAD: RESISTIVE
CASE TEMPERATURE
(TCl : 800 C
RMS ON-STATE CURRENT
[ITIRMSlr
~6 A

LTE CUTROL I

f:........~

MAy

~ ~ 60

_u

2

4
RMS ON-STATE

6

8
CURRENT

to

12

[IT(RMS~-A
92C5-20961

B~

Lbs+

DURING AND IMMEDIATELY
FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT
INTERVAL
CNERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION
TEMPERATURE
HAS RETURNED
TO STEADY-STATE
RATED VALUE.

~ ~ 80
w •...
<rZ
,W
z<r

.,w ....w
~~Iy,

<r '"
~ ~40
~ z

'" '"

_50",~

~

~O

20

--

:-

0
2

4

8

2

4

8

2

4

8

Fig. 4-Peak surge on-state current vs. surge current duration.
tgt:
td + t.

I

I
Vo

I
I

i

o-LL---J---t:
ITM

I

1

I
I

I

:£1.
1

I

I

POINT

I-l---

o-l~---

j--'d+t--

I
I
!
I
I
I
I
I
I

..•••..
90%
I

1

t,

~t

••

----i

-.--t-7
I

CO~UT ATING
dv/dt

VGT

0-

L

:
I :.--10%

POINT

--------

Fig. 6-0scillascape display for measurement of gate--contralled
turn-on time rtgrl.

o
POSITIVE

0.5

1.5

2

2.5

OR NEGATIVE INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE

VOLTAGE

(vT)-V

92CS-15021RI

2
0.1
4

6 80.01

POSITIVE

6 80.1

OR NEGATIVE

DC GATE-TRIGGER

6

81.0

CURRENT

(lGT)-A
92SS-3785R2

RFI FILTER

r------l
I

I
I
I
I

o

1.$:

LF

I

-RCA
TRIAC
(SEE
TABLE)

CF

2W

R, Cf'
112 W

"

FOR PHOTOCELL CONTROL
CONNECT POINTS A' AND B'
TO TERMINALS A AND B,
RESPECTIVELY
Cs
B'

PHOTOCELL

~?~i;~~!~~TL~SO~O~~~
0, RESPECTIVELY

,1

0
120v

" 0, 0, ", ",
lOOK" 11KlI
0.1
,~"
~", ~" ~~~:
J.JKll
:1&1","
1 ~F
~~:o"""
"'"
~"'
:100"'11 JJKlI
,~" 0,~" 0.1
,~"

INPUT
VOLTAGt

~f

,W

~f

~"'

~f

, W

", ~'~
""
(,~". (,~". TVPE$
15K"

l00~H

15",U

~."
~."

,W

'5",U
,W

0,

~f

~"

,-

,~
~~~:
~~:,~

Fig. 11 - Typical phase-control circuit for lamp dimming, heat
controls, and universal motor speed controls.

240V

Fig. 12-DC gate-trigger current ((or
modes) vs. case temperature.

,+ and 11/- triggering

Fig. 13-DC gate-trigger current ((or /- and ///+ triggering
modes) vs. temperature.

-'>

;il

,,-;:.
<r c>

~>
z~
0:0:
~~

I

~g
w

g
'50
100
DC GATE-TRIGGER

1'50
200
2'50
CURRENT
IIGT)-mA

3'50
92CS-17062

i-

Fig. 15-Typica/ turn-on time vs. gate-triggercurrenr.
SCREW,632
NO'
.••.
V .••.'L .•..
SLEfRQt.ORC .•..

~NR231A
RECTANGULAR

METAL

WASHER

::::;.::~::~,;~"'""
.
~

-

DF103B

Q
0-

~~CL~I~I~U:~T~~O'141,n

e

~~~';~~';:':~V'CE

e

(~~:~S~~7K

6>

6

495334·7

®}

INSULATING

S--

METAL

WASHER

LOCK

~~~~:~'~'~?~E:~~
MAX.

@

WASHER
HEX NUT

SOLDER

BUSHING

~~O~~·6~'~·I~.OOmml

@
..ffl)

LUG

~
HEX NUT

@

NOT

.••.V.•..
'L .•..
SLEfRQMRC...

92'C$-22563

In the United Kingdom, Europe, MIddle East, and Africa, mounting'
hardware policies may dIffer, check the availabilIty of all Items
shown with your ReA salesrepresentative or supplier

DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE
JEDEC TO-220AB
INCHES
CHAMPFER

SEATlNGPlANE

MAX.

MILLIMETERS
MIN.

MAX.

407
064
03'

0.51

'/'

J

~

II
F

MIN.

SYMBOL

~L==OPTIONAL

TEMPERATURE
MEASUREMENT
POINT

A

0.160

h
h,
h2

0025
00'2
0,045
0.575
0.395
0365
0300
0.180
0.080
0020
0235
0.500

D

E
E,
E2

,
"
F

H

L
L1

0.250

Lead No.1-Main

Terminal 1
Terminal 2

ReA

incorporating

recommended

ReA

Solid

from

ReA

that
State

Solid

the

Solid

designer

Devices",

State

DiVision,

State

refer

Form
60x

Devices

In

to "Operating

No.1

3200.

CE-402,

4.57

2.03
051
5.97
'2.70

-

0.141

0,145

3.582

0.060
0120

2.54

equipment,

It

Considerations
available

Somerville.

10.04
928
7.62

0.040
0.100

Mounting Flange-Main Terminal 2

N.J.

on

IS

for

request

08876.

1397
15.24
10.41

oP

Lead No.3-Gate

When

1143

4.82
1.02

14.61

D
Z

Lead No.2-Main

0190
0040
0020
0055
0600
0410
0.385
0.320
0.220
0.'20
0.055
0265

1.02

9.77
8'2
5.58
304
1.39
6.73

635
3.683
1.52
3.04

Thyristors
2N5441 2N5442 2N5443
2N5444 2N5445 2N5446
T6400 T6410 T6420 Series

OOill5LlD
Solid State
Division

For 120-V Line Operation
2N5441, 2N5444, T6420B (40688)t
For 240-V Line Operation
2N5442, 2N5445, T6420D (40689)t
For High-Voltage Operation .. 2N5443, 2N5446, T6420M (40690)t
T6400N,T6410N,T6420N
(40925, 40926, 40927)t

Main
Main
Terminal 2
2N5444

Terminal 2
2N5441
2N5442
2N5443
T6400N
Press-fit

Series
Isolated-Stud

Stud

ReA

triacs

They

are designed

Features:

Main
Terminal 2
T6420

2N5445
2N5446
T6410N

are gate-controlled,
to switch

full-wave
from


dildt Capability
Shorted-Emitter,

Low Switching

silicon

an off-state

= 100 Alps
Center-Gate

for either

ac switches.

RATINGS, Absolute-Maximum
Values:
For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Frequencies
up to 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load.
PEAK OFF·STATE

...............•.

70"C IPress-fit types) .................•.
= 65·C IStud tYpes)
== 60°C (Isolated-stud
types)

.
.
.

PEAK SURGE INON-REPETITIVE)

ON-STATE

50 Hz (sinusoidal)
For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage
RATE OF CHANGE OF ON-STATE

GATE-TRIGGER

For 1
"GATE

JlS

or negative

2N5441

2N5442

2N5443

T6400N

2N5444

2N5445

2N5446

T6410N

T6420B

T6420D

T6420M

T6420N

400

600

800

V

40
40
40
See Fig. 3

A
A

300

A
A

A

265
See Fig. 4

CURRENT:

= 200 mA, tr

= 0.1, •• ISee Fig.

FUSING CURRENT (for Triac Protection):
TJ = -65 to 110·C. t = 1.25 to 10 ms ........•.
"PEAK

with positive

CURRENT:

For one cycle of applied principal voltage
60 Hz (sinusoidal)

= VOROM,IGT

voltage

angle = 360"):

For other conditions

VOM

of applied

voltages.

VOLTAGE:·

Gate open, TJ =-65 to 110"C
RMS ON·STATE CURRENT (Conduction
Case temperature
TC

polarity

gate·triggering

to an on·state

Low On-State Voltage at
High Current Levels
Low Thermal Resistance

Losses

MAXIMUM

"REPETITIVE


Design

100

AI/,s

350

A2s

CURRENT:·

max., See Fig. 7

12

A

40

W
W

POWER DISSIPATION:

PEAK IFor 10/,s max .. IGTM<;; 4 A, See Fig. 7) ..........•..
AVERAGE
...
. ..............•.
"TEMPERATURE

RANGE:~

Storage
Operating
"TERMINAL

0.75

(Case)
TEMPERATURE

.

65 to 150
65 to 110

·C
·C

lOuring soldering):

For 105 max. (terminals and casel

.

225

·C

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
At Maximum Ratings Unless Otherwise

Specified and at Indicated

Case Temperature

(T C)
LIMITS

SYMBOL

CHARACTERISTIC

Peak Off·State Current:'
Gate open, T J = 110°C, VDROM

= Max. rated value.

Maximum

On·State Voltage:'
For iT = 100 A (peak), TC = 25°C
For iT = 56 A (peak), T C = 25°C

DC Holding Current:'
Gate open, Initial principal current
TC = 25°C
TC = -65°C.
For other case temperatures

FOR ALL TYPES
UNLESS OTHERWISE
SPECIFIEO

....... ....... . ...
........

....

UNITS

MIN.

TYP.

MAX.

IDROM

-

0.2

4"

VTM

-

1.7
1.5

2
1.85"

IHO

-

-

mA

V

= 500 mA (del, vD = 12V,

....

60
100"

mA

See Fig. 6

Critical Rate of Rise of Commutation
For Vo
di/dt
TC

=
=
=
=
=

Voltage:'
VDROM' 'TIRMSI = 40 A, commutating
22 A/ms. gate unenergized.
(See Fig. 141,
70°C (Press-fit types)
....................
6SoC (Stud types)
.....................
6CtC (Isolated-stud types) ............

25

dv/dt

.. ...

Critical Rate of Rise of Off-State Voltage:'
For Vo = VOROM' exponential voltage rise, gate open.
TC = 110°C'
2NS441, 2NS444, T6420B ••••••••••••••••••••••
2NS442. 2NS44S. T6420D ••••••••••••••••••.•.•
2NS443, 2NS446. T6420M •••••••••••••••••••••
T6400N. T6410N, T6420N •••••••••••••••••••.•
DC Gate-Trigger Current:'·
For vQ = 12 V (del
RL = 30n
TC = 25°C

Mode
1+

VMT2
positive
negative
positive
negative

IW
1-

111+

dv/dt

VG
positive
negative
negative

5"
5"
5

30
30
30

50"
30"
20"
10

200

-

15
20
30
40

50
50
80
80

For

Vo =
=
=

RL
TC

Mode
1+

VMT2
positive
negative
positive
negative

IW

,-

111+

For other case temperatures

V/~s

mA

IGT
12 V (del
30n
-65°C

v/p.s

-

'50
100
75

-

positive

-

-

VG

-

positive
negative

negative
positive

-

125"
125"
240'
240"

See Figs. 8& 9

......

DC Gate-Trigger Voltage:'·
For Vo = 12 V (del, RL = 30 n,
TC = 25°C ............................
= _65°C
For other case temperatures
...............
For Vo = VDROM' RL = 12Sn.TC
= lHt'C

......

-

VGT

1.35
1.8

2.5
3.4"

V

See Fig. 10
0.2

-

tgt

-

1.7

ROJC

-

-

-

Gate-Controlled Turn-On Time:
(Delay Time + Rise Time)
For
iT

Vo = VDROM' IGT = 200 mA, tr = 0.1 jJ.S,
= 60 A (peak). T C = 2SoC (See Figs. 11 & 151 . . . . . . .

Thermal Resistance, Junction-ta-Case:
Steady-State
Press-fit types
...................
Stud types ........
..............
Isolated--stud types ..
.
Transient (Press-fit & stud types)

.. . ......
.....

.. .......

........ ...... .....

In accordance with JEDEC registration
of main terminal

data format

See Fig. 12.
(JS-14, RDF 2) filed for the JEDEC (2N-Series) types .

For either polarity

2 voltage (VMT2)

For either polarity of gate voltage (V G) with reference to main terminal

with

reference to main terminal

1.

1.

3

0.8"
O.g"
1

~s

°C/W

_ .._ ~ '!~ ...V tPOSITtVE OR NEGATIVE} 92LS-22~A2 20 -10 -60 -50-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 CASE TEMPERATURE (TC )_·C 30 40 ..:::1?':€ .. .~ I ~ ~ QUADRANT NO' MAIN TERMINAL 2 POSITIVE ON STATE rHO . I 2 3 INSTANTANEOUS ON.:. . ' =t:':" .~t~i~. :::::':: 'I [.-":.•. "' .• ...•..-. : .. 102 CYCLES ':~i:••. . 20. ...._ ... Z-'·L .....~~~ER~~~~~: ~M~~~~REO AS SHOWN ON DIMENSIONAL OUTLINES :GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL...~ <5 <r ~ :? QUADRANT w 00111 MAIN TERMINAL NEGATIVE 2 ON STATE '""<r w _I 10 " () FULL -CYCLE 20 30 RMS ON-STATE 40 ~O 60 CURRENT(IHRMS1]-A 92LS-2256RI CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAO: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE ~~~~UC. .: i..:. . 110 OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTtON TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE.. ./. ._ ~: ::--::: .: . .STATE VOLTAGE tVTI . . I 10" SURGE CURRENT DURATION -FULL 6.. :: .

80 0.1" / 71 . . V.! ~~ . II I 111 I . I i 468 AFTER I " :1 I 20 10-3 TIME I i I !J.7-Gate-trigger characteristics and limit- ing conditions for determination permissable gate-trigger of pulses. o -70 -60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 to 20 30 o 40 -70 -60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 CASE TEMPERATURE tTe }_·C ~ ./ 0-'-' z.-' ." 100 10 Dlj III '00 "'~ 50 0 CASE TEMPERATURE ITC I-·C OF RECTANGULAR 10-1 468 I POWER PULSE - SECONDS 92LS-2263A1 . '1' 0 200 30 iA 60 ~'" 0:11 150 20 .. "'0 '-'0- 40 ~~ "0 i DC GATE-TRIGGER 250 CURRENT 300 llGT1-mA 40 350 I--' .MINIMUM GATE RESISTANCE • t I I I I UPPER LIMIT OF PERMISSIBLE AVERAGE lOCl GATE POWER ' DISSIPATION AT RATED CONDITIONS Fig." Iii i I I ~~ . I I I 1" II 468 10-2 APPLICATION I .

..18· O.ljJF 'OOV 400V 400V O. ~tot---i -.lSO..jF 'w 15KH 1/ZW 'f2W tf2W 0.l. 15-Relationship I I' 90% I trigger points POINT I 0-1. ..lH 200IJH 2N5441 2N5442 2N5442 2N5444 2N5445 2N5445 T6420B T64200 T64100 .lH 200J. o-LL----:---I I I I 1 I j: ITM iLl. Fig.ljJF O. I.lIJF lOQV tOOV lOCV 100KU 200KIl tW 250Kn 3.. 14-Relationship I Vo between supply vOltage and principal current (inductive load) showing reference points for I I : I definition of commutating voltage fdv/d'i.J SNUBBER LOADS ldv/dlJ L NETWO~j( OR WHEN DUCTIVE J I'OR LOAD RFI INDUCTIVE COMMUTATING CHARACTERISTIC RS VOLTAGE CF 15KH O.-- 32C5·17063 on-state current Fig.F O.lIJF O. .JKf! tf2W 3. I VGT 0- L : t .lF 400V 330· 330· tf2W 330· 390" lf2W O.22jJF 400V 390U tf2W FILTER IF 15 EXCEEDED.JF 'OOV O.3K11 tf2W 22KH 'f2W R3 RS 15KH SNUBBER I .lIJF 'OOV 400V 400V 390H 0.18· O.~--:-- td time I-l--- --t-+-- between rage.22j.-------- C.ljJF tf2W . R. 13-Rate of change of with time (defining dildtl. RCA 120V 60Hz NETWORK Cs FOR Cs 40-A (RMSI-IN· Lf_-. RCA TRIACS 100J.lj.22).--t-. on-state off-state vol- current.-100/0 AC INPUT VOLTAGE POINT .lIJF O. and gate- voltage showing reference for definition of rum-on (fgt). Fig. 240V 50Hz O.Vo oJ--------------. 240V 60Hz O. '32LS-2410R2 C. Rt I TRIAC (SEE TABLE)I I I .

380 ± 0.5 mounted on heat sink with or without the use of heatsink compound.500 in. In the United Kingdom.2159 mm) interference fit plated to facilitate direct soldering to the heat sink. a "worst-case" cond it ion of 0. As guide the press-fit package properly into the heat sink. insertion tool should be a hollow shaft having an inner outer diameter of 0. Middle East. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier. (6040 solder which has a melting point of 1880 C should be used. metal from the heat sink flows into the knurl voids of the thyristor case. Directly Stud 0. Minimum required thickness of heat sink = t/8 in 13.254 mm) and an is forced into the heat-sink hole. These dimensions The resulting close contact between the heat sink and the provide sufficient clearance for the leads and assure that no thyristor direct force will be applied to the glass seal of the thyristor. (9. (12. 17. Europe. and Africa. 0. If these dimen- The press-fit package is not restricted to a single mounting sions are maintained. Type of Mounting Employed Package Thermal Resistance-oeM Press-fitted into heat sink.35 I 0.1 to 0. direct soldering and the use of epoxy adhesives below the maximum allowable insertion force of 800 pounds.65 ± 0. shown in Fig.70 mm).0085 in have been successfully employed.MOUNTING CONSIDERATIONS Mounting of press-fit package types depends upon an interference fit between the thyristor case and the heat sink. shows press-fit knurl and heat-sink hole dimensions. solder should be used and heat should be applied only long A slight chamfer in the heat-sink hole will help center and enough to allow the solder to flow freely. mountinghardware policies may differ. A recommended mounting method.010 in.17 mml Press-Fit Soldered directly to heat sink. case assures low thermal and electrical resistances. The the thyristor diameter of 0. Heatin~ time should be sufficient to cause solder to flow freely).6 . The press-fit case is tin- (0. A 60·40 will allow press-fit insertion arrangement.

75 3.47 3.148 0. Contour and angular orientation of these terminals is optional.1-Gate No.068 0. 3.557 0.510 0. DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR TYPES INCHES 2N5444. of these terminals is optional. l.09 15.-- MIN.87 24.48 1.34 12.210 0.82 2.501 J TERMINAL MI LLiMETERS SYMBOL MIN.46 10.544 0.215 0.505 0.73 3.562 0.113 0.94 5.08 27.475 1.07 25.2-Main Case.99 2. ¢W %-28 13. T641 ON NOTES STUD A <l>D1 E F E TERMINAL NO.148 UNF·2A 8.51 Y.000 0.068 0.14 2.0 MAX.215 0.59 12.100 0.71 11.83 12. Contour and angular orientation is beryllium oxide.·28 3. 0.81 20.3 2.51 3.058 0.298 0.330 0. MAX.110 1.33 5.501 0.40 5.422 0. 2N5445.75 UNF·2A 2 2 2 3 NOTES: 1.2 and angular orientation of these terminals is optional.82 14.72 1.200 0.422 0.452 0.210 0.068 0.54 5.50 1.465 0.138 %-28 MAX. ISO LATED-STUD A <l>D <l>D1 E F J M M.65 12.71 1.100 0.73 3.058 0.138 J . MIN.3 @\ .225 0.138 M <l>T <l>T. 0. NO.46 1. 2.505 0.95 12.4 1.73 3.138 0.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR TYPES INCHES 2N5441.604 0.230 0.28 5. T6400N NOTES PRESS-FIT INSULATING MATERIAL l TERMINAL NO.544 0.614 .72 3 1 - 2 NOTES: 1. N <l>T <l>T1 <l>T2 <l>W 0.673 0.200 1. 2N5442.84 5. MAX. Pitch diameter of %·28 UNF·2A (coated) threads (ASA B 1.72 13. - 17.75 UNF-2A 0.8 13.3-Main Terminal 1 Terminal 2 . MI LLiMETERS SYMBOL M N <l>T <l>T. 2.47 12. MAX.0.1 REFERENCE POINT FOR CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT A <l>D <l>D1 <l>D2 TERMINAL NO. Contour NO. 2N5443.51 %-28 11. Outer diameter of knurled surface.058 0. - 0.505 0.51 2 1 NOTES: 1.380 0. 2N5446.0.47 3.75 12. Pitch diameter of \4·28 UNF-2A (coated) threads (ASA B 1.96 5.2 1 REFERENCE POINT FOR CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT J'" SEATING PLANE MIN.13 5. 3. 0.825 0.33 15.148 0. MAX. Ceramic between hex (stud) and terminal No. - 9.453 0. 1-1960).225 0. A chamfer or undercut on one or both ends of hexagonal pOrtion is optional.551 0.73 - 11. DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR INCHES T6420 SERIES MILLIMETERS NOTES SYMBOL MIN. NO.95 5.148 UNF·2A MIN. 1-1960).81 14.79 32.08 10.950 0.

Gate-Controlled. . • Center internally Gate faster PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) ON-STATE CURRENT. and 1(. They are intended for the control of ac loads in applications controls.. and GM 'GTM f.provides For ambient temperatures (T A) up to + 100°C and a conduction angle of 360° For one cycle of applied principal voltage Control Line • 6-A (rms) Operation rapid turn-on uniform with gate current substantially spreading reduced for heating effects . to an voltage sealed types of 6 amperes motor with ratings Medium-Power..For information on the reference menl.tll Rcsistirc or lndllctirc Load 120-Volt Control I T2700B (40429)* Line \ T2710B (40502)* I T2700D (40430)* \ T2710D (40503)* • 1.~lcies of 50/fjO Hz. . .. PEAK GATE-TRIGGER CURRENT· See Fig. P For 1 f.'Gnt' For 1 }. .1. .L s max. • Low Switching Losses • Low Thermal Resistance • Numbers in parentheses (e. . . These such light dimmers.440-Watt 240-Volt REPETITIVE VOLTAGE. and a conduction angle of 3600 . 'TSM: Current Ratings Full-Cycle Current Ratings Design Terminal diffused resistor from gate to No. Operation On-State Peak Surge • Shorted-Emitter -. .. ..contains IHrms): Main For case temperature (Tel of +75 °C . For more than one full cycle of applied voltage. . . -65 to + 100 '~~~r~i~g~\go~~\i~Yt~:mTna~r {~rminal 2 voltage .For 4. polarity of gate voltage(VGT) with reference maIn termmal 1. -65 to + 150°C . PEAK. AVERAGE. °c (VMT2) with either.OOm5LlD Solid State Division T2710 Series RCA T2700. . . T2700B and T2700D on-state current rating are hermetically +75°C and repetitive off-state and 400 volts. Absolute-Maximum Values: • nO-Watt For Oprratioll with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Freqll(. 40429) are former ReA type numbers. ForTJ=-65to+1000C RMS ON-STATE 200 CURRENT. respectively. Full-Wave Types '.and T2710-series devices are gate-controlled full-wave silicon triacs. PEAK OFF-STATE VDROM: • 100-A Gate Open. respectively. integral heat radiators. . /' having an at a case temperature voltage 6-Ampere Silicon Triacs of 200 " of volts -H-1470A JEDEC TQ-66 With Integral Heat Radiator These devices are also available with as T2710B and T2710D.. 4 A (peak).. and power switching are designed to switch from systems. 4 GATE POWER DISSIPATION:. 16 PG(AV) . see Dimensional Gutl ine. point of temperature me8sure- . TEMPERATURE Storage Operating (case) RANGE+: ...•. . . . an off-state on-state condition for either polarity of applied positive or negative triggering voltages to the gate. Construction -.. T2710 Series Features Maximum Ratings.L s max. to . triacs as heating controls.g.

•••. 8.I See Fig...- - 4 12 - dv/dt 30 150 - 30 150 - 20 100 - 20 100 - IGT - 15 25 25 25 25 40 25 40 25 40 - 25 40 - 25 15 - 15 25 - 15 15 At T C • + 75 °c •.• Critical mA dv/dt V/J. DC Holding Current" Gate Open Initial principal current· 150mA (DC) At T C = + 25 °C ••••••••. Rate of Rise of Commutation Voltage:-..••••••••.8 2.•••.•. For other case temperatures ••••.I . 14..• For other case temperatures ••.••...•.•••• BJ-C BJ-A -....21-11 VGT 125 (1 •••..••.•••.2 •. Min.2 - - 2.2 4 - 0. See Fig..•. Typ.•..•. Typ...•.••••.1 1. Min.••. 1 12....2 - - 2. 16..8 2. •..•...••••. for additional information..••.I See Fig. Max.2 - 0.•. and specified triggering mooe: 1+ Mode: positive VMT2' positive VGT .25 V IHO - .•••... commutating 3.•••• 15 25 15 25 25 40 25 40 15 25 25 40 25 40 V/J.•••.• For Vo • VoROM and RL• At T C • + 100 °c -1112. 15.• . rated value LIMITS T27100 T2700B T27000 T2710B Min.. See Fig. 'Variants of these devices having dv/dt characteristics selected specifically for inductive loads are available on special order.I - -For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with feference to main terminal 1.••••. Max.... For Vo di/dt· = VoROM.2 Alms.LS Rate of Rise of Off-State Voltage:- For Vo • VoROM' exponential voltage rise.•. 111+Mode: negative VMT2' positive VGT ••••••.Mode: positive VMT2' negative VGT •. I .•• 12.2 - - - 4 - .2 1. 0.. contact your ReA Representative 01 your ReA Distributor. tFOT either polarity of gate voltage (VGT) with Tefetence to main terminal l... I~rms)' 6 A....•..Ls At TC • +25 °c Thermal Resistance: Junction-to-Case (Steady-State) ••••••. •.2 - - 0.1 J...•. 0.21-1 - 1 12.I .•.•. I.••.2 - - - 2.•••.2 - - 2.Ls mA •.. Max..2 - - 0.8 2.• - - - 4 12 - .1 4 - 0...2 - -' 0.•••.. Typ. Max...21-1 See Fig..••••••••••••••••••• For other case temperatures •••. and gate unenergized 3 10 - - - - 3 10 - - - - I~rms) and T A specified by curve A of Fig.LS rise time.. - - - 3 10 - - - - 3 10 - I~rms) and T A specified by curve B of Fig..••••. Typ. and iT • IDA (peak) tgl J.••••.••. °C/W .25 - 1. and gate open At T C = + 100 °c DC Gate-Trigger Current"! For Vo • 12 volts (DC). Min.25 - 1.- - - 4 - - - V Gate-Controlled Turn-On Time: (Delay Time + Rise Time) For Vo' VoROM and IGT '80mA. 16••••••••••••. UNITS 10ROM - 0.2 mA vTM - 1..•••••••••••••••• Critical 30 See Fig... 16....•.8 2... RL = 12 (1 TC' +250C. 15 30 - 15 15 30 - 15 30 Maximum On-State Voltage:" = 30A (peak) For iT and T C = + 25 °c ..••..•.••••. 16 .•••••.•••. 111-Mode: negative VMT2' negative VGT .CHARACTERISTIC Peak Off-State Current:" Gate Open At TJ • + 1000C and VoROM = SYMBOL Max.•••••••••••••• Junction-to-Case (Transient) •••••••••••••••••••••• Junction-to-Ambient ••••••••••......••••••••••••.•.25 - 1. 12 & 13..•••.. DC Gate-Trigger Voltage:-! For Vo • 12 volts (DC) and RL • 120 At T C • + 25 °c ••.••••••.•••• - 1.

SINUSOIDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE' CONDUCTION ANGLE: I I 1 360· I ...tUT ATING dv/dt 0- 90 >2 •• 2" X 2 2>- 80 70 o I 2 345 RMS ON-STATE Eg~ri~~:S~~~K.. .CURRENT WAVEFORM LOAD: RESISTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE '" CURRENT WAVEFORM..80 z .. . u~ 110 •• u 00>- 100 I I I . LO~i- ~~~~~I~~~~1NT H.... MAY NOT 8E REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE ••••••• ~ ~ ~ ~ WAVE GATE C~~~'ROL ~ ..<D-I . .•.... .J t (rms + 75·C [I t (rms lJ '"6 "" UJ V> [..~ RATED t...1 VALUE. 50 Hzr:> ~ ~40 "''? " z ~ 0 20 468 SURGE 10 CURRENT 468 100 DURATION-FULL Fig. I ..•.z....••••. " ". 60 UJ I 1 III1 ~TEE:L6AA\..~~D 60 ~ ~ IIIIII1 MAY ~E II. 468 1000 CYCLES 92$$-3782 6- Oscilloscope display for measurement of gate-controlled turn-on time (tgt).•.EENCY: 100 ~ AMPERES 50/60 CASE TEMPERATURE (TC1: RMS ON-STATE AMPERES Hz SINE E ~" ~g~~O~. ::l I ... I ... COMt..•. 1/ r-.

' (lyp.5Kn 2W FOR INDUCTIVE LOADS CONNECT POINTS c' AND 7k~cf' 2w FOR PHOTOCELL CONTROL CONNECT P'OINTS A' AND B' TO TERMINALS A AND 8. FOR FOR 120V 24DV INPUT INPUT RCA TYPES L. R. 13 14) a 20 40 60 DC GATE-TRIGGER 80 100 MILLIAMPERES 120 140 160 I1GTI 6 80. R3 120V 60Hz O. .lpF 400V T2700D T2710D Fig.2K " PHOTOCELL RFI FILTER AC INPUT VOLTAGE C. R.lpF 200V T2700B T2710B 7.lpF IOOV 200Kn 1/2W 7.' (lyp. C.lpF 200V O.O~eF 200V 40fN . $ o 1. heat controls.1 6 DC GATE-TRIGGER 81.0 AMPERESUGTI 9255-3785 FILTER r------l -ReA : TRIAC (SEE TABLE) I I I I LF . RESPECTIVELY I 0' C AND O. RESPECTIVELY B' 240V 50/60Hz CF 0' TO TERMINALS 0.05pF 400V O.5Kn 2W IOOpH O. and universal motor speed controls.) 15Kn 1/2W IOOpH O.lpF IOOV IOOKn 1/2W IKn 112W O.01 POSITIVE RFI 2 6 OR NEGATIVE 80.) C. 11 - Typical phase-control circuit for lamp dimming. 12.2 UPPER LIMIT OF PERMISSIBLE AVERAGE I DC) GATE POWER DISSIPATION AT RATED CONDITIONS (SEE FIG.

125 '"'" ffi 125 ~ 100 ""j 100 ~ .! .triggering modes) If.. II: '" ::J ....>- ..J i ~ .. RESISTIVE TRIGGERING MODES: 12 All i A!AX/AlUA! .-3 ! '" !:i g - -25 TEMPERA7URE 0 ITC)- "C DC gate-trigger current (for /+ and 11/. . .. .. RESISTIVE TRIGGERING MODES: I-ANDU]· -..12 lOAD· 12 Q.. Z .PRINCIPAL DC VOLTS .J Z TYPICAL 0: >- '" Z <i "~ •• >- 1 I I 100 u ~5 zl ~~ ~~ 60 60 / 4 O:z Ii "l . 12 - >.. .. case temperature.- ~ V 2 I I I "co 468 0-3 TIME AFTER I 68 10-Z 468 10-1 APPLICATION OF RECTANGULAR POWER PULSE -SECONDS 9ZLS-Z407RI. I" '" ~2 ~~ "'I " .. PRINCIPAL DC VOLTS· LOAD -12n.>-'" :!~ "'-.-"' 1. 0: co 75 co 75 '" co co ii 50 >- ~(fAf i< >- '">- '"~ co 25 50 TYPIC~"t " 25 co u 0 g 0 -50 CASE Fig.S"...

0.S .R. TERMINAL board is DIAGRAM FOR T2700 AND T2710 SERIES Pin I . (. Note 3: Recommended hole size for printed-circuit 0. and are Note 1: Measured at bottom of heat-radiator.889) C.FOR T2710 SERIES JEDEC TO·66 WITH HEAT-RADIATOR Dimensions in Inches and Millimeters NOTE: Dimensions in parentheses are in millimeters derived [rom the basic inch dimensions as indicated. Note 2: 0. Heat Radiator (T27l 0 Series) .Main Terminal 2 Case.070 in. Case .035 in.• tin plated.778) dia. Flange.Main Terminal Flange. Flange (T2700 Series) _ Main Terminal 2 Case.Gate Pin 2 .

SOO i1.99 IS OPTIONAL WITHIN ZONE <1>0 AND Fl- DOES NOT INCLUDE SEALING FLANGES.190 . (640 mm) 0250 3.89 '1 NYLON -::.142 .D.27 2.590 14.75 2METAl .•.620 "0 Fl L MIN. = In.48 2. MAX.K 6 Ql Q S SYMBOL . 6 32 ~-"OTAVAILADLEFROMRCA e DF31A MICA INSULATOR SUPPL'EDW.00mml SHOULDER CIA.156on. . INSULATING 1.570 9.33 .210 4.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR T2700 SERIES SUGGESTED MOUNTING JEDEC TO-66 F1l ARRANGEMENT FOR T2700SERIES SEATING ~'HE Q rn=~ 2 SCREWS.958 .093 .470 .145 .~O.152 . 2HEX NUTS@> NOTES.028 .lHOEVICE e 0 ~ 0 0 ~CEHA:si:~.250 .27 1 .70 . MILLIMETERS .G7.43 8.64 .36 1.050 .) 2..107 . 8.72 1.35 ..68 14.]50 '1 '2 .863 15.050 .)] . DIMENSION CONTOUR WASHERS ~ SHOULDER THICKNESS 0050 on !I 27 mm) MAX ® @ '1S0l0ERLUG~ 2HEXNUTS@> 3.94 12.61 24.14.83 5.034 "°1 'I F '" q NOTES MAX.• INCHES MIN.91 2 1.711 .340 6.962 . 1.360 .14 ].86 24. THE OUTLINE OEFINED BY WASHERS 2 LOCK 495334-7 BUSHINGS .

..•. Nos...•...••......•...2 ___ W RANGE:· Storage .. See Fig.. .••....T2800M (40670)* Features: • RCA . 4--- ____ 4 ___ 16 ____ CURRENT:· A 'GTM GATE POWER DISSIPATION: Peak (For 1 ~s max... full-wave leads They as motor MAXIMUM Shorted-Emitter • low mounting controls........ For temperature measurement reference point.•... seeDimensional Outline. Operating (Casel TERMINAL ......•.. light Switching triacs utilizing for the control and power-switching These devices are designed on·state for either polarity • T2800M+ switches to facilitate are intended applications controls.T2800B......•.•....•.... •..... (terminals and easel • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main terminal 1.... 600 400..... IGTM ~4 AVERAGE TEMPERATURE A. Absolute-Maximum Thermal on a Printed-Circuit Design mounting For Operation low Package losses systems. and provides temperatures volts..•.... .•.. to switch of applied • • ____ ___ 100 ____ 85 ____ A A ..... TA7365....... The unique heating operation heat-sink REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STAToE VOLTAGE:· +Formerly Voltage at Frequencies also at high size.TJ=-65to100C gate rating of ac loads in such from an off·state to an voltage with positive or RATINGS.......•. For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage PEAK GATE·TRIGGER Mounting Board They design ..•.....OO(]5LJ[] Solid State Division Three-Lead Plastic Types for Power-Control and Power-Switching Applications For 120........T2800D (40669)* For High-Voltage Operation . controlled with three boards.. and silicon 10o-A Peak Surge Full-Cycle Current Ratings on are a plastic Center-Gate gate- negative case current printed-circuit Supply off-state dimmers.respectively.....V Line Operation . T2800D......... TA7364. -- See Fig..... T2800B T2800D T2800M 200 400 600 VOROM V 'TIRMSJ ---8---- _... PGM PGIAVI--- w 0....... --See Fig... 50 Hz (sinusoidal) ....•. and TA7518. 3 --- ON-STATE CURRENT: For one cycle of applied principal voltage 'TSM 60 Hz (sinusoidal) .............•....... ReA of package low case have an on·state and repetitive 200.. and which permits allows reduced Oev.... Load... 11 .. PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) Facilitates at a TC of ao°c thermal up to 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive RMS ON-STATE CURRENT (Conduction angle = 360°): Case temperature For other conditions Resistance Design voltages. ...T2800B (40668) * For 240-V Line Operation .......•.. Values: with Sinusoidal Gateopen. ___ TT 225 ____ °c ......•.. ............ ratings plastic but ........ ...... TEMPERATURE Tstg TC -65 to 150 __ °c -65 to'100 °c __ (During soldering): For 10 s max... TC=800C triggering of a amperes voltage spectively....... re- not only ease of impedance...... • For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal 1...

.... rated value Maximum On-State Voltage:For iT ~30A(peak) and TC ~ +250C .... •.5 - 10 10 15 25 25 - - 20 60 30 60 See Fig.•.. and gate open At T C ~ + 1000(....•...5 8J-C - - 2.•••••••••.•.. loRoM - 0.•.•••••.2 - - 0..25 2..• 111.•.7 2 - 1....•.... & 13.•....... - 15 30 mA IHO Critical Rate of Rise of Commutation Voltage:-· For Vo ~ VoROM. Critical Rate-of-Rise of Off-State Voltage:For Vo ~ VoROM exponential voltage rise.•.1 2 - 0.. DC Holding Current:Gate Open Initial principal current ~ 150mA (DC) At TC ~ +25 °c .. 60 200 - V!!'-s - 10 15 25 25 mA 10 - 4 100 300 - 75 - 4 1.Mode: VMT2 is negative...2 tgt - 1.. and specified triggering mode: 1+Mode: VMT2 is positive..l!.•••••....5 - 1...•••.....••.•••..•..• For other case temperatures ..•.. ..5 - 1..••••••••••. 12.......••.Mode: VMT2 is positive. 111+Mode: VMT2 is negative. IT(RMS) ~ 8 A.... V - - - 1.t For Vo ~ 12V (DC)...••..5 - - 0. - 4 10 - 250 See Fig. dv/dt dv!dt IGT VGT For Vo ~ VoROM and RL = 125 D At T C = + 100°C ...6 2. Commutating di/dt ~ 4.-s rise time.....Variants of these devices having dv!dt characteristics selected specifically for inductive loads are available on special order. VG is positive ..3 Alms.. DC Gate·Trigger Voltage:-t For Vo ~ 12V (DC) and RL ~ 12 D At TC = +25 °c •••..2 - See Fig. - - - 20 30 60 60 1.25 2. VG is positive . 10...•••••••. VG is negative ..••••. VG is negative ..7 2 - 1.•••• For other case temperatures ••••••••. 14.•. For other case temperatures ••••••....•••••••••.•.2 OC!W 60 - - 60 °C!W 0...• For other case temperatures •.6 2. tFor either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal!...•••.. 15).....Peak Off-State Current:Gate Open At TJ ~ + 1000C and VoROM ~ Max...••••.1 2 mA vTM - 1...1 2 - 0...•..•.•.......• V!!'-s - 10 15 25 25 20 30 60 60 - 1.2 - - 2. contact your RCA Representative or your RCA Distributor. RL ~ 12 D TC = +25 oC.•.. and gate unenergized At T C = +80 °C •••••••••.5 !'-S 2......2 - - - 60 - - Gate-Controlled Turn·On Time: (Delay Time + Rise Time) For Vo = VoROM and IGT ~ 80 mA O...•..•..• 8J-A -For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main terminal!.••••••.. for additional information.•••••••••••• Junction-ta-Ambient ••••••••.•••••••.6 2.• DC Gate-Trigger Current:...•••. and iT ~ 10A (peak) At TC = +250C (See Fig. Thermal Resistance: Junction-to-Case •••••••••••••••. .25 2....7 2 V - 15 30 - 15 30 See Fig. 8.

OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION NED +6M~fER:ci~~~T~~~ RETUR RATED VALUE.. ~ ~G ww e>>~ ~40 2 CURRENT[ITlRMS1]-A 9ZC5- SINE WAVE t5018RZ GA~E CO~~IROL MAY ~E LO 5T" DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL... ~~~E 100 """ wI >- E ~ ~ ~BO w>- "'z 'w 6 SO 160 10 Hz .3910 R2 6 8 CURRENT 10 12 [tT(RMS~-9A2CS_15017RI ... Ei 8 10 SURGE CURRENT 4 Ei 8 100 DURATION-FULL 4 RMS ON-STATE II III1 I I II11 01~~~~~:~~~~E~Tfl :[..CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTiVE CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360· CASE TEMPERATURE: MEASURED AS SHOWN ON OiMENSIONAL OUTLINE o FULL- 4 CYCLE RMS SUPPLY FREQUENCY: LOAD: RESISTIVE .• "- " ~O Ht7 ••••••. SOH':> "''? :::::::-::-- ~ z •• 0 20 0 ..T8{~:~ J: 8A ~ :i60 it' 8 ON-STATE 4 Ei 8 1000 CYCLES 9255 .

w 2501<n ~wKn J.I.1 ~F 400 V T2800D T2800D '"-' ~ 250 '" 0 •.F 40(1V 0. Fig.W ..5 INSTANTANEOUS 2. C2 R.Critical rate-of·rise of off-state voltage vs. C AND 1.11 .1 ~F l00V ~F l00V '00 V 100 Kn 2. RESPECTIVELY $ 1.2 Kn '"~ 240 V t20v O. u 9255.1 ~F 200 V 0. 10 ..O'5B ." 200 ~H 0.1 Jl.W .) loo~H "'~ J. . R.. case temperature. o RFI ~J ~~ FILTER r------l I tlRCA I TRIAC I (SEE I TABLE I J o I 80 z cr: 60 '"'" ~a LF >z '"'" i=Ci CF <n-' 00 <>. on-stare vOltage.. ~ FILTER CF (typ..On-state current vs.Oscilloscope display for measurement of gate-controlled turn·on time (tgt).21<11 .Jl<n I J~J:n 151<.W 151<n 151<n LF (typ.1 ~F 0.F/200V 0.5 ON-STATE 3 VOLTAGE (YT)-V 92C5-1502:IRI Fig.1 ~F 200 V Jl..o POSITIVE 0. D' TO TERMINALS D.F/400V ~ ~ '" L I Kil PHOTOCELL 92:C5-17995 Cl~ ~> ~~ RFI AC INPUT C.F 400 V RCA Cl~ TYPES '"~ T2800B 0.W .1 200. 0. 240 V 50 Hz 240V 60". 7 .W .5 OR NEGATIVE 1.2K " FOR INDUCTIVE LOADS CONNECT POINTS c' AND 2W FOR PHOTOCELL CONTROL CONNECT POINTS A' AND B' TO TERMINALS A AND B.1 01 ~F 400 V 0. 6 . RESPECTIVELY B' I I C.3907 Fig..'" u Cl . R2 R3 VOLTAGE 120 V 60 ".W .l 0.

...21 0 ~:.1 6 DC GATE-TRIGGER 81. w> .6 80.... .:: z -'> .0 CURRENT (lGT)-A 92SS-3785RI I -w ci " z ... 0 50 roo 150 200 250 DC GATE-TRIGGER CURRENT (IGT)-mA 300 92CS-17062 350 .01 POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE 6 80. - .. 0 z~ ~~ ~> w ~ '" z ~ w 1 -'-' 0 iO z 8 w ..

73 - 3.n~ MAX "'OT"'V""IMlltJ"O~\R.397 14.120 0.70 - 9.oTA"'''''l'''IILEfAOMRC''' ~ 0. " F H L L1 - oP Q z Q 0.61 15. and Africa..57 2..04 .•.39 6..OOmml ~L'~~::~~'~:~E:.02 6. 0..020 0.020 0.385 0320 0.683 1.080 0. Middle East."Vol'l"''''UAfPlJ6L'SH(O ·'''''DW. ~ @ In the United Kingdom.300 0180 0.235 0.03 0.0012 0.410 0..1~5 0. 141 .500 b1 b2 D E E1 E2 .600 BUSHING ~~OU~~~'~I~.250 0.220 0.100 ~.055 0..n e ~~.31 1.41 12.:::~. mountinghardware policies may differ.055 0.141 SCREw.54 3..120 NR231A ~RECTANGULARMETAL WASHER ~ .97 10.04 928 7.04 1.045 0. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.51 5.365 0. Europe.'cE e 1~~:~s~~7K 6> 6 -- ~ METAL I er---® WASHER a lQCKWASHER HEXNUT SOLDEALUG HEXNUT @ ~ 495334 7 INSULATING ~ 0.265 0.62 4.632 k' 0.•HPR'Cf5 V' Q ~~~~~~SUlATOR HOLE OIA.582 1.52 2.77 812 5.143 0.145 0060 0.35 3.51 1. '" O.~5~.24 10..58 3.040 0.575 0395 0.

applications WI. Sinusoidal Supply Voltage and Resistive or Inductive Load T2801 DF (40842) REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATE Gate open.. for T J VOL TAGE* = ·40 to +1 aaoe VDROM 450 V ITIRMS) 6 A 100 A RMS ON-STATE CURRENT For case temperature ITCl of +80°C and a conduction PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) 0 angle of 360 ON-STATE CURRENT For one full cycle of applied principal voltage lBO-Hz. 4 A (peak) PGM AVERAGE PG(AV) TEMPERATURE RANGq Storage Operating (case) ... • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) t For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal 1. t IGTM 4 A 16 W 0. which allows at high case temperatures and permits reduced size... on printed-circuit plastic effects boards voltages. controls... 4 . for either gate of 6 amperes repetitive controls. ........ t with reference to main terminal 1.contains gate to main terminal 1 internal diffused resistor from • Center gate constructior. It has an on-state at a case temperature voltage package current of 800C and a rating of 450 volts. -40 to +150oC -40 to +100oC .•..S max. Values: For operation with 50160 Hz. Absolute-Maximum an off-state voltage mounting operation heat-sink to an with positive or triggering off-state The unique systems. 1440 type 40842) It is intended as motor heating negative is a rating for the and is designed to switch polarity from of applied MAXIMUM RATINGS... CURRENT ITSM A 85 See Fig..provides rapid uniform gate-current spreading for faster turn-on with substantially reduced heating • Low switching losses • Low thermal resistance • Package suitable for mounting The T28010F gate-controlled control light of ac loads dimmers power-switching This triac device on-state (formerly full-wave in such (300 to RCA ac switch..1. design provides not only ease of but also low thermal impedance...OO(]5LJ1] Solid State Division • 6-A (rms) on-state current rating • 100-A peak surge full-cycle current rating at 60 Hz 85-A peak surge full-cycle current rating at 50 Hz • Shorted-emitter design . For information on the reference point of temperature measurement. sinusoidal) For one full cycle of applied principal voltage (50-Hz. . and IGTM:S. sinusoidall For more than one full cycle of applied voltage PEAK GATE-TRIGGER For 10 J..2 w GATE POWER DISSIPATION: PEAKt For 10 /" max..•. see Dimensional Outline.

25 V Peak Off-State Current: * Gate Open At TJ = +100oC and VDROM = Max. and specified triggering mode: mA IGT 1+ Mode: VMT2 is positive. .0 0.2 - - - 2.5 See Fig. rated value Maximum On-State Voltage: * For iT = 10 A (peak) and TC = +250C Critical Rate of Rise of Commutation Voltage: *' For vD = VDROM. RL = 12n TC = +250C.A - - DC Gate-Trigger Voltage: *t For vD = 12 V (DC) and RL = 12n At TC = +250C . 10.ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS. VG is negative - 30 80 - 1. • Variants of these devices having dv/dt characteristics selected specifically for inductive loads are available special order. MAX. Unless Otherwise Specified. and iT = lOA tgt J1S (peak) at TC = +250C Thermal Resistance: Junction·to·Case . t For either polarity of gate voltage IVGI with reference to main terminal 1.5 2. III MAIN TERMINAL 2 ON NEGATIVE STATE _ I on 60 °C/W °C/W . and gate open At TC = +100oC dvldt 20 For other case temperatures VII'S See Fig.1 2 mA "TM - 1. Junction-to-Ambient •• For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT21 with reference to main terminal 1. DC Gate-Trigger Current: t For vD = 12 V (DC). VG is positive - 25 80 111-Mode: VMT2 is negative. and gate unenergized At TC= +80oC . IT(RMS) = 6 A. Critical Rate of Rise of Off-State dvldt VII'S 2 10 - 250 - Voltage.2 Alms. for additional information. VGT For other case temperatures For vD = VDROM and RL = 125n At TC = +100oC Gate-Controlled. * For vD = VDROM. At Maximum Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (TCi LIMITS CHARACTERISTIC SYMBOL MIN.1 f. 6..1Srise time. contact your ReA Representative or your ReA Distributor. Commutating di/dt = 3.2 °J. UNITS IDROM - 0.2 - o J-C - - 2. TYP. exponential voltage rise. V Turn·On Time: (Delay Time + Rise Time) For vD = VDROM and IGT = 80 mA 0. 4. QUADRANT No.

OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REpEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE ~l !: ~ ~ ~BO w>- ~~ ~ ~60 ~G ww '" g.o FULL- "' CYCLE RMS ON-STATE 6 2 10 CURRENT[IT(RMSll-A 4 6 RMS ON-STATE to 8 CURRENT 12 [IT(AMSll~:cS_18079 92CS-18078 100 -« SUPPLY FREQUENCY: 50/60 Hz SINE WAVE LOAD: RESISTIVE CASE TEMPERATURE (TCl : + 800 C RMS ON-STATE CURRENT [IT(RMSl)::6 GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE-CURRENT INTERVAL.0 CURRENT l1GT)-A 92CS-16083 .5 ON-STATE VOLTAGE (vTI-V 92CS-18082 VD z VOROM GATE OPEN 6 80.1 2 DC GATE-TRIGGER 6 81.5 INSTANTANEOUS 2.68 10 SURGE-CURRENT •• 68 100 DURATION-FULL 468 1000 CYCLES 92CS-18080 o POSITIVE 0.5 OR NEGATIVE I 1. >~40 "'~ '" z ~ 0 20 .01 POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE 6 80.

l VOLTAGE 240V 50Hz 240V 60Hz RFI FILTER L • C • F F O.62 4. A L~I F : TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT POINT ~ -'> .51 5.020 0.365 0.28 7.145 0.395 0.97 12.040 0.1I'F O.73 0.143 4.3Kn 15Kn '/.141 0.04 .24 0. 0.07 0..045 0.410 10. F H L Ll MilLIMETERS MIN.397 6.ll " •.l 200I'H O.120 9.582 1..320 0.. or " w> •.080 0.70 3.120 0. MAX. El E2 .04 1.1I'F O.54 0.235 0.04 10.03 0.W Y2W· 400V 100V 1W O.040 Z 0. MAX.265 0.160 0.1I'F 200Kn 3.180 0.57 2.500 - 0. z~ ~~ ~> 2 w ~ " INCHES SYMBOL A b bl b2 0 E .lI'F 400V .385 0.300 0..025 0012 0.CHAMPFER SEATING PLANE hI .575 0..020 0.W 400V 100V 1W 15Kn %W (typ.1I'F 250Kn 3..055 0.77 812 5.02 0.51 1.58 3.1I'F 400V ~r=-:-~PTIONAL .060 0.35 3.100 0..82 1.31 1.3Kn '/.AC INPUT C1 C2 R1 R2 R3 (typ.250 oP Q 0.41 9.61 15. MIN..600 14.220 0.190 4.055 0. .683 1.02 2.64 0.39 6.200I'H O..52 3.

in such heating an off·state of appl ied voltage They at aTe Supply to an with positive have an on·state of 75°C and or cur- repetitive Design off-state tively... ..... and power-switching These devices utilizing mounting intended for as motor Internal Isolation 10o-A Peak Surge Full-Cycle Current Ratings T2850Db ac switches leads to facilitate They are applications and • • . No. 0 For other conditions For more leads flange. . controlled three T2850Ba. voltage The ISOWATT that are • Low Thermal • Package Suitable for Direct Mounting on Heat Sink • Glass Passivated ratings Because of this directly on uses a plastic isolated internal a heat Junctions of 100.. .lS max. {terminals (Dur..T2850A (40900)* For 120-V Line Operation . IConduct.... full-wave controls. .•. 4 --- 0 ... Tstg TC ---- A W 0. . PGM 16 PG(AVI _ .•.T2850D (40902) * Features: The T2850A.•... TEMPERATURE RANGE:" Storage _. .... . see Fig..ng solder.T2850B (40901)* For 240-V Line Operation . . are designed on-state for either negative gate triggering rent rating polarity For Operation to switch -65 are Center-Gate gate- case with boards. of 8 amperes MAXIMUM RATINGS. sink. 4 TT 225---- "c .. see Fig. .. light dimmers. 11) AVERAGE. Absolute-Maximum with Sinusoidal Shorted-Emitter. lCasel A A See IGTM GATE POWER DISSIPATION: Peak (For 1 IJSmax. .. case with three the respec- Values: to 100°C RMS ON-STATE CURRENT Case temperature TC' triacs a plastic from REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATE VOLTAGE: Gate open. Operating hardware. TJ= Low Switch ing Losses systems... 200.. ... TA8357 bFormerly RCA Dev..... size can be Load.ngl: and casel . TA8358 mounting any is improved Voltage at Frequencies up (0 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive insulating and heat-sink T2850A _. TERMINAL Fig.2---- w -65 to 150--- ')C 65to 100--- 'c TEMPERATURE For 10 s max. package electrically Resistance from isolation..... .. .on angle' VOAOM 100 360°1: ITIRMSI 75°C ------- 8 ----- -----~eH~3--- PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVEI ON-STATE CURRENT: For one cycle of applied principal voltage ITSM 60 Hz (sinusoidal) 100---- 50 Hz (sinusoidal) than one cycle ------85---of applied PEAK GATE·TRIGGER CURRENT: For 1 J. the triac can be mounted without therefore reduced. on printed-circuit voltages.... 11 principal voltage ... .. heat transfer aFormerly ReA Dev. • • the control of ac loads controls... and 400 volts.. . ..ffil(]5LJ[J Solid State Division Three-Lead Plastic Types for Power-Control and Power_Switching Applications For Low-Voltage Operation .... IGTM " 4 A. No.

. 151 ·For either polarity of main terminal either polarity of gate voltage - 11. . and specified triggering mode: I + Mode: VMT2 is positive........ 12& 13 ac Gate·Trigger Voltage:'t For va = 12 V (de) and RL = 12n AtTC = 100'C Gate-Controlled .... . .... - 0.. . ..1 2 - "TM - 1...........7 2 V 30 - 15 15 TYP.... ...... 30 mA See Fig.1 - - 3...... ...... MIN.. - 20 60 - 20 60 - 20 60 . mA See Figs ...... on . . . ..... ... t For -11.. . ..... At TC = 25'C For other case temperatures Forva = VaROM and RL = ... 'T(RMS) = 8 A. . . . ......................... . .... 8 Critical Rate of Rise of Commutation Voltage:" Forva = VOROM... .. ... . ....... ...5 /J-S - - 3.. .. . .. ...... Junction·to·Ambient 11 (Delay Time + Rise Time): For vO = VaROM and IGT = 160 mA rise time = O.. .. 125n 2 voltage (VMT21 with reference (VGI with reference ROJC ROJA to main terminal to main terminal 60 1. 1......... .... contact your RCA Representative or your RCA Distributor... I . ......1 'CIW 60 - - 60 'CIW tgt .... ..... ...... . - 10 25 - 10 25 - 10 25 15 25 - 15 25 - 15 25 .. VOROM = Max... .LIMITS CHARACTERISTIC SYMBOL TYP........ VG is positive ....... 14 0. 0.... . ..... MAX..7 2 - IHO - 15 30 - 10ROM ... ..... VG is negative ill + Mode: VMT2 is negative...... .. ...2 - - 0. .1 2 - 0.. .... MAX. ...3 Alms. ...... Turn-On Time ... ... UNITS T2850D MAX.. and gate unenergized AtTC=75'C . rated value . ac Holding Current:' Gate Open Initial principal current = 150 mA (de) ..... for additional information..2512....... ........ • Variants of these devices having dv/dt characteristics selected specifically for Inductive loads are available special order. ... .... VG is negative.. . ... .1 2 mA 1... At TC = 25'C For other case temperatures . V G is positive . ... MIN..... At TJ = 100'C Maximum On-State Voltage:' For iT = 30 A (peak) and TC = 25'C T2850A ... .... ... . and iT = lOA (peak) At TC = - VGT .. IGT . . - 30 60 - 30 60 - 30 60 ill -Mode: VMT2 is negative... dv/dt ...5 V See Fig....... .... ...6 2. For other case temperatures . .. . .2 - - - 1. ..... RL = 12n TC = 25'C.. . .. ..6 2. Peak Off·State Current:' Gate Open..............5 - 1.. .. 25°C ISee Fig... . .. and gate open .. V//J-s See Fig.2 - - 0. 4 10 - 4 10 - 4 10 - 125 350 - 100 300 - 75 250 - Critical Rate of Rise of Off·State Voltage:' For va = VaROM..... . 10 ac Gate·Trigger Current:'t For vO = 12 V (del..7 2 - 1.. AtTC=100'C For other case temperatures . ..... TYP.... ...l/J-s. .Mode: VMT2 is positive. Thermal Resistance: Junction-ta-Case .. ... Commutating dv/dt V//J-s di/dt = 4..... T2850B MIN.. ...5 - 1..251 2.51 251251 .......... exponential voltage rise...1 - - 3. .6 2...

Power dissipation vs.W ~ ~60 ~a •••••• GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL. OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE.15018R2 Fig. I ww '" 50 Hz 0- g:. -« 100 SUPPLY FREQUENCY: SO 160 Hz SINE WAVE LOAD: RESISTIVE CASE TEMPERATURE {Tcl : 750 C RMS ON-STATE CURRENT [I T RMS SA J: ~.80 wo- <rZ 60 Hz .1 MAIN TERMINAL POSITIVE -ON STATE 2 IH CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE: 3600 CASE TEMPERATURE: MEASURED AS SHOWN ON DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE o 4 FULL-CYCLE RMS 6 ON-STATE S 2 CURRENT[ITIRMS}]-A 92C$ . 2 .QUADRANT No.!.:: ~ ~ . ~ 40 "'~ " Z ~ 0 20 468 468 10 SURGE CURRENT 468 100 DURATION-FULL 1000 CYCLES 92SS-3910 R3 4 6 8 RMS ON . . on-state current.STATE CURRENT 10 [1 T (RMSU 12 -A 92CS-19602 .

5 INSTANTANEOUS 2 ON-STATE 2.OOV 100 Kn 2.5 VOLTAGE 3 {vT)-V 92CS-1502lRl . e' 0.l 100 ~H 0.controlled turn· on time (tgt). 6-0scilloscope display for measurement of gate-.2 Kn 15 Kn 240 V 50 H.1 ~F 'OOV 200 Kn 3. A2 A3 120 V 60 H.$: 2W " 120v FOR PHOTOCELL CONTROL CONNECT POINTS A' AND B' TO TERMINALS A AND RESPECTIVELY Cs e.1 ~F .5 OR NEGATIVE 1. 0. 0.06B ~F I200V 1. RFI FILTER r------l I *RCA TRIAC lSEE TABLE) o LF I t I 1 I CF FOR INDUCTIVE LOADS CONNECT POINTS c' AND 0' TO TERMINALS C AND D.1 ~F 400 V 0. RESPECTIVELY 1.1 ~F 400V 0.1 ~F 200 V 0.1 ~F 200V T28508 200 ~H 0. C2 A.3 Kn 15 Kn 240 V 60 H.1 ~F 400 V T28500 0.1 ~F 400 V T28500 200 ~H 0.W 3.1 ~F ioo V 250 Kn .w I ~w ~w ~w ~w ACA TYPES I~P~) CF' ltvp.2 Kn PHOTOCELL AC INPUT VOLTAGE RFI FILTER C.3 Kn 15 Kn ~w ~w ~w .o POSITIVE Fig. 0.

01 POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE 6 80.GTl-mA UC$-170U 350 .Gate-pulse characteristics for a/l triggering modes. -40 CASE 50 20 TEMPERATURE 100 DC GATE-TRIGGER 150 (TC)- 200 CURRENT 40 °C 250 300 tI.0 CURRENT tIGTI-A 92SS-31B5R2 Fig. 11 .1 DC GATE-TRIGGER 6 81.6 80.

143 928 7.-'I l~ I.055 0.1 . oP Q b} Z MIN.51 5.Main Terminal 2 Lead No.235 0500 Fig. 482 102 0.020 0.250 Tab .600 0141 Lead No.3· Gate Mounting MIN.265 1.54 051 1 397 977 812 5.060 0.~ !. MAX. mountinghardware policies may differ.145 0040 0.Isolated MAX.97 12. 14.080 0020 0.2 .120 3582 102 In the United Kingdom.41 0. 0160 0025 0012 0045 0. Middle East.03 0.055 0.575 0.395 0.365 0300 0180 0.57 2. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier. 16 .74 10.Main Terminal 1 Lead No.100 0.MILLIMETERS INCHES SYMBOL A CHAMPFER ~L ~H=OPTIONAL SEATlNGPlANE ~ fT F \' ""1 + "2 D E E1 E2 TEMPERATURE . MEASUREMENT POINT ~"l. 2. 0190 0040 0.Suggested mounting hardware.385 0.58 304 139 673 635 3683 1. Europe.410 407 064 031 0. and Africa.04 10.-i '1 F H _____T L L1 .61 15.320 0220 0120 0.70 - 0..62 4.52 304 .

°c . 71 AVERAGE *TEMPERATURE . For other conditions A A 3 ITSM For one cycle of applied principal voltage 60 Hz (sinusoidal) 50 Hz (sinusoidal) For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage . *GATE A A Alps 4 A PGM 16 W PGIAV) 0. equipment... R~~. . They are designed to switch from an off-state on-state for either polarity = • • 150 A/ps Center-Gate Design • Low On-State Voltage at High • Current Levels Low Thermal Resistance These triacs are intended ac tions to an of applied voltage with positive for control such as heating controls.. = 0... (During . 1.• :. see Dimensional Outline..2N5572.. t.2N5571.s max. motor of ac loads in applicacontrols. T4120D (40803)** For High-Voltage Operation .40804)** •••••• l.•.tion Case temperature T C= 80° C I Press-fit & stud types) = 750 C (I solated-stud types) angle = VOROM 600 V 3600): ITIRMS) 15 15 See Fig.Thyristors 2N5571 2N5573 T4120B 2N5572 2N5574 T4120D T4100M T4110M T4120M OOC05LlO Solid State Division Main Terminal 1 r.• •• • Gate For 120-V Line Operation .• IGTM -:. arc-welding and power switching systems. For temperature measurement reference point.. °c OC 1. *RMS ON-STATE CURRENT (Condur. RANGE:· Storage .. . . • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT21 with reference to main terminal • For either polarity of gate voltage (VGI with reference to main terminal . 4 A: See Fig. MAXIMUM RATINGS.I ~ ~~ 2N5571 2N5572 T4100M Features: Press-fit 2N5573 2N5574 T4110M Stud T4120B T41200 T4120M These ReA triacs are gate-controlled. IGTM For 1 J. CURRENT: dildt VOM= VOROM. 131 PEAK GATE·TRIGGER CURRENT:· 150 .1 ps ISee Fig. Isolated-stud di/dt Capability Shorted-Emitter • Low Switch ing Losses full-wave silicon switches. Operating ICasel . T4110M.40798. RDF 2) filed for the JEDEC 2N·Series) tYpes . T4120M (40797.l. 4 ---- . 2N5573. or negative gate triggering voltages. See Fig. T J PEAK OFF-STATE = -65 VOLTAGE:· to 1000 C . *TERMINAL TEMPERATURE ..5 W POWER DISSIPATION: PEAK IFor 1 ps max.. 7. T4120B (40802)** For 240-V Line Operation . soldering): -65 -65 Tstg TC to 150 ___ to 100 ___ TT 225 * In accordance with JEDEC registration data format IJS-14. IGT = 160mA. light dimmers. 2N5574.T4100M.. 2N5571 2N5572 T4100M 2N5573 2N5574 *REPETITIVE T4120B T4120D T4110M T4120M 200 400 Gate open.QF-CHANGE OF ON·STATE 100 85 See Fig. . A bsolu te·Maximum Values: For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Frequencies up to 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load. RATE..•.

. .. .. .. - IGT VG positive 111+ . TC = 1000 C Thermal Resistance: Junction-ta-Case: Steady-State..seriesl 1. .... . _ . . . C = 250 C ... RL =30 n. iT = 25 A (peakl... ....... .. T4120M . TC=250C TC = -650 C . TC = 250 C Mode 1+ III' For vD = 12 V (DC). For other case temperatures Critical Rate-of-Rise of Commutation Voltage:' For vD = VDROM...... . . . . 1. 10 - - tgt - 1.. vD = 12V: ...... ... ... ..4 1.... ... 2N5574... . Transient .5 ROJC - - 1· VGT Gate-Controlled Turn-Dn Time: (Delay Time + Rise Timel For vD = VDROM..... . - ... .... types. .... gate unenergized. . . . ..... .. .. see Dim. .1 (2N..6 2. . For either polarity of main terminal • For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) wit~ reference to main terminal - (JS·14. . 77 & 751 . T4120B ..2N5573. V /lS See Fig.. V//ls - mA positive DC Gate-Trigger Voltage:'. TC = 250 C .. - 1 2 2. VDROM = Max. .. TJ = 1000 C... For other case temperatures dv/dt VG VMT2 positive negative VMT2 ._ . . ... . . . . IGT = 160 mA. SYMBOL UNITS Min.. .. . T4100M.. ..2 2· mA VTM - 1. commutating = 8 Alms.. RL =30n. ... . ... ... . tr = 0.... . . . For All Types UnlessOtherwise Specified IHO dv/dt Critical Rate-of-Riseof Off-State Voltage:' For vD = VDROM.. CHARACTERISTIC I PeakOff-State Current:· Gate open. T4110M.. exponential voltage rise. RL = 125 n. . . 12 . ....1 /lS. . ..... (SeeFig. For VD = VDROM.. . .. . Mode 1+ 1111111+ DC Gate-Trigger Current:'. 74): di/dt TC = 800 C (press-fit & stud typesl .::' For iT = 21 A (peak). ..... RL = 30 n. ROJIH * In accordance with JEDEC registration data format . For VD = 12 V(DC).... .. 8 & 9 150· 150· 200· 200· DC Holding Current:' Gate open. . - ... Tvp... rated value Maximum On-5tate VOltar. 6 75 300· mA 2· 2 10 10 - V//ls 30· 20· 10 150 100 75 - - 20 20 35 35 50 50 80 80 75 75 100 100 See Figs.......... T4120D . = 750 C (Isolated-stud) .. . TC = 1000 C: 2N5571. TC = -650 C positive positive negative negative positive negative negative negative - positive negative negative positive - .. . ...... TC = -650 C . . ... . . .8· V - 20 75 See Fig. . .. For vD = 12 V (DCI.... IT(RMSI = 15 A. . .- -. . .. . .... RDF 2) filed for the JEDEC 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to roain terminal 1.... .. 'DROM - 0...gate open. t=or other case temperatures .. . Initial principal current = 500 mA (DC). Outline): Steady-State . oCNJ Junction-to-lsolated Hex (Stud. .5 4· 0. .. ... ..2 See Fig.... Max. 2N5572. . TC = 250 C (SeeFigs.... ..

surge current duration. "E- CASE TEMPERATURE :::t~::..:: '-:. w- \S." """- f--- 40 "' " ~ 5 10 CYCLE RMS ON-STATE CURRENT 15 [IT(RMS~-A 20 0 4 SURGE 6 8 CURRENT to <I DURATION - 6 8102 FULL 6 92S5 Fig. 4 .25 .... " ~".. 60 70 o "'- . I GATE CONTROL MAY BE lOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL z 0 _<t100 <n.. 6 .:..J<90 -'>- "'''' ::i~80 :l>- ..0".:_ >- z_ Ww ~~ :>>- u'" w~ ~z ~2i zw 0> <ni= 6§ 40 w •. case temperature.. 0'" ~O 1 I OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED WITHIN STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE.:l:.DC holding current vs. ~~ 20 " o I 2 INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE VOLTAGE {POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE I 5 6 (vT)-V -70 ·60 -50 -40 CASE -30 -20 -10 TEMPERATURE 0 8103 CYCLES 92SS-3822RI i r :> <n 60 FUll sO..0 I z 0 20 i= <t ~ 15 '" ~ ~ t!i . 100:.: ~ CURRENT WAVEFO RM: SINUSOIDAL lOAD: RESIST IVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANG lE = 360<1 CASE TEMPERATU RE: MEASURED AS SHOWN ON DIM ENSIONAl OUTLINES F'~Bml o Wu 0 CONDUCTION ANGLE ~.. = 15 A AT SPECIFIED CASE TEMP '"in 0 10 ~~~Db'~.Peak surge on·state current vs. 40 3823RI . -"I +9m PRESS-FIT a STUD TYPES 0:> .!.~~. wU -'!:: CD 100 "'w .!~ECURRENT lInRMSI] w >- 180 \JJ360 15 10 20 30 (Tcl<lC 92LS-2142R2 Fig.- I .::'- (TCI '" 25<1 .OlATED~S7UD TYPES '" ~I E"i ti ~80 "'>z~ ~~ i "'w :>•....

7 .6 • 0. z :5<> -'> ~I . 10 .. 1« Ii 100 ~7 I I 60 / 40 I orz ~~ ~ I IT ~~ >-0 zl T ---1' I I 60 >. V 20 'l I 468 50 100 DC GATE -TRIGGER 150 200 CURRENT 250 IIGT)- 300 mA 10-3 350 TIME 92CS-17062 AFTER 466 10-2 468 10-1 APPLICATION OF RECTANGULAR POWER PULSE -SECONDS 92LS-2407RI . "'I t. >-'" «'" >-'" "'-.3 ~? MtlJ(IMUM TYPICtlL .. case temperature.Gate trigger characteristics and limiting conditions for determination of permissible gate trigger aulses. 8 .2 TYPICAL ..DC gate-trigger voltage vs. 150 <> '" >- '" z « g . '"° z ~ ".g 100 ><> « MtlXIMUM >...DC gate-trigger current vs...1 DC GATE TRIGGER CURRENT tIGTI-A t POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE 92CS-17058 Fig. 50 ~ 0 -75 -50 -25 CASE TEMPERATURE (Tel - 0 °c 25 Fig. case temperature (1+ & 11/-modes)... Fig.~ 'I".>- II I. .

A insertion below the maximum allowable insertion force of 60-40 solder should be used and heat should be applied only 800 pounds. a "worst-case" condition of into the heat sink.<11 11m 2001<11 2501<11 R> 221<11 11m 3JKn 33Kn 1/2W 1/2W AC INPUT VOLTAGE R. As the thyristor is forced into the heat-sink hole.2159 mm) interference fit will allow press-fit hesives have been successfully employed. RJ 15KS'l 11m 151<n 11m 15Kn 11m PHOTOCEL l Rp CONTROL 12Kn m 121<n m 121<n m o.70 mml. 240V 6OH.00V 0'15 'OOV A. . C.20V 60H.Fig. 100." I I : L I cs SNUBBER r-- NETWORK RS FOR PHOTOCEll .380 ± 0. Fig.. The resulting close contact between the heat sink and the thyristor case assures low thermal and electrical resis- mensions provide sufficient clearance for the leads and assure that no direct force will be applied to the glass seal tances. on'state current. metal from the heat sink flows into the knurl voids of the thyristor center and guide the press·fit package properly case. The press·fit case is tin-plated to facilitate direct soldering to (he heat sink. I ReA r TRIAC: ISEE TABLEl! R. RS I R.1~F >oov O. (9.l~ 400V 0'15 400V l00. If these dimensions are maintained.254 mm) and an outer diameter of 0.{! 11m . direct soldering and the use of epoxy ad- 0.0085 in.65 ± 0. 17. 0'15 >ooV 0115 400V 0'15 400V c> 0'15 looV 0'15 . 400V LF lOOjJH >oojJH >oojJH FIL TEA ReA MOUNTING TRIACS 2N5567 2N5568 2NSS69 2NSS70 T4120B T41?OD 2N5568 2NSS70 T4120D CONSIDERATIONS Mounting of press·fit package types depends upon an interference fit between the thyristor case and the heat sink. 240V SOH. . and gate-trigger voltage showing reference points for definition of turn-on time (tgt). 15-Relationship between off-state voltage.oon 11m R. (0.500 in.v< . c. . These di· The press·fit package is not restricted to a single mounting arrangement.oon 11m CONTROL AFI CF 0'15 >ooV a l~F 400V 01". A recommended mounting method.v< . I I I C. . (12. of the thyristor. A slight chamfer in the heat-sink hole will help long enough to allow the solder to flow freely. 14-Relarionship between supply voltage and principal current (inductive load) showing reference points for definition of commurating voltage fdv/dtJ. shown in Fig.010 in. shows press·fit knurl and heat·sink hole dimensions. The insertion tool should be a hollow shaft having an inner diameter of 0.

HeatinQ time should be sufficient to cause solder to flow freely!. T4110M DIMENSIONAL 2N5571.080 .562 .29 5. E F J M N t/JT t/JTl 1 rpW . 2N5574.05 3.004 to 0.068 .81 1.47 2.155 .505 .5 0.73 2. . 12.2268 MILLIMETERS NOTES MIN.750 .82 2.47 2.08 24. Stud & Isolated· Stud HEAT SINK Stud DireCtly mounted on heat sink with or without the use of heat5i n k campau nd.006 in.8 13.95 12.155 .94 11. 0. (6040 solder which has a melting point of 1880 C 'should be used. (0.81 14. on one or both ends of 92S5-3817 .058 .501 . FOR TYPES OUTLINE FOR TYPES T4100M REFERENCE POINT FOR CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT REFERENCE POINT FO R CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT INCHES SYMBOL MIN.171 ______ COPPER OR AllMlNUM 1 t-- 4976112.200 .03 5. NOTE 2: Pitch diameter of 1/4-28 UNF-2A (coated) threads (ASA 81. 0.35 .29 2 A t/JO.058 .83 12. INCHES SYMBOL A t/JO t/J°l t/J°2 J M t/JT t/JTl MIN.87 10. Minimum required thickness of heat sink = 1/8 in.544 .090 MILLIMETERS MIN.510 .505 .152 mm) thick mica insulating washer used between unit and heat sink.03 NOTES MAX. MAX.4 12.5 1.950 .07 19. 9.113 .422 .73 2. MAX.2N5572.13 3.652 3 1 - 2 NOTE 1: Contour and angular orientation of these terminals is optional.465 '.475 .453 .544 .12S13.090 . 1-19601.380 .2225 MAX. 8.080 .330 .73 11.6331 .760 13.17 mm) Press-Fit Soldered directlv to heat sink.72 1.94 1. (3. Without heat sink compound 2.1 to 0.068 .6 Mounted on heat sink with a 0.65 12. NOTE 3: A chamfer or undercut hexagonal portion is optional.Employed Package Resistance-oelW Press·fitted into heat sink.50 1. - .28 5.102 to 0.5 With heat sink compound DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE 2N5573.6~ 4914{12.

grind.090 .185 1.2268 5.055 - 4>0 4>01 15.422 .09 15.760 E F J M Ml N 4>T 4>Tl 4>T2 r/N'I WARNING: The RCA isolated-stud package thyristors should be handled with care.068 .08 10.557 .99 4.673 .1-Gate Terminal No.T4120M INCHES SYMBOL In the United Kingdom. MAX. NOTE 2: Contour and angular orientation of these terminals is optional.551 . MAX.175 .14 4.69 26. A .03 3.614 . Europe.3-Main Terminal 2 MILLIMETERS MIN. .148 .94 5.50 5.652 NOTES 2 2 2 3 NOTE 1: Ceramic between hex (stud) and terminal No. check the availability of all items shown wIth your RCA salesrepresentative or supplier. The ceramic portion of these thyristors contains BERYLLIUM OXIDE as a major ingredient. Do not crush.72 13.2-Main Terminal 1 Case.604 .225 .73 2.79 3.59 12. mountinghardware policies may differ.138 . T4120D.75 5. .72 1.48 1.210 .34 12.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR TYPES T4120B.058 .82 14.3 is beryllium oxide.505 .33 11.47 2.29 3. TERMINAL CONNECTIONS Terminal No.080 . MIN. or abrade these portions of the thyristors because the dust resulting from such action may be hazardous if inhaled.200 .155 .501 .452 .44 17. and Africa. Middle East. Terminal No.

ON·STATE CURRENT: ITSM .T4101 M.40796. See Fig..5 w . equipment.. MAXIMUM RATINGS. For temperature 150--100 ___ with reference to main terminal reference point. 85 See Fig. 2N5570. motor controls... 1. IGTM <::: AVERAGE 4 A. Absolute-Maximum Values: For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Frequencies up to 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load. Ir = 0. T4121B (40799)** For 240-V Line Operation . • Low Switching Losses • Center-Gate Design • Low On-State Voltage at High Current Levels Low Thermal Resistance fuJI-wave silicon ac These triacs are intended for control of ac loads in applica- switches. OF ON-STATE CURRENT: Fig.. T4111M.. 4---- . 131 For 1 J...••. light dimmers. -651o TsIg -65'10 TC (During soldering): 225 * In accordance with JEDEC registration data format (JS-14. POWER DISSIPATION: PEAK I For 1 ps max . *RMS ON·STATE CURRENT 2N5567 2N5569 T4121B CURRENT:· Alps IGTM 7 4 A 16 W 0. .•. RANGE:'" Storage Operati n9 (Case) . T4121D (40800)** For High-Voltage Operation . and power switching systems. *TERMINAL PG(AVI TEMPERATURE . T4121 M (40795..[ID(]5LJ[J Thyristors 2N5567 2N5569 T41218 2N5568 2N5570 T4121D T4101M T4111M T4121M Solid State Division Main Terminal Main Terminal 1 W . *TEMPERATURE PGM . 600 10 ITIRMSI .15 max. • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) • For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal 1. °c . arc-welding These RCA triacs are gate·controlled... VOROM (Conduction angle = 200 = 85° C .1 ps ISee Fig. 2N5569. (terminals and case) .•. measurement °c °c TT For 10 s max.J ~ r-~C) ~ate 1" 1 ~~Gale 2 2N5567 2N5568 T4101M Press-fit Main Terminal Main Terminal 2 2N5569 2N5570 T4111 M Stud For 120-V Line Operation .40801)** 2 Features: T4121B T4121D T4121M Isolated-stud • di/dt Capability = 150 Alps • Shorted-Emitter..2N5568. Main Terminal • ~uf . PEAK SURGE (NON·REPETITIVE) 400 3600): For other conditions RATE-OF-CHANGE T4101M T4111M T4121M VOLTAGE:· 10 100° C .See *GATE A 100 50 Hz (si nusoidall For more than one cycle of applied principal vottage PEAK GATE-TRIGGER V See Fig. see Dimensional Outline. A A di/dl 150 IGT = 160 mA. 3 --- For one cycle of applied principal voltage * 60 Hz (sinusoidal) VDM= VOROM.2N5567. 71 . or negative gate triggering voltages. They are designed to switch from an off·state to an on-state for either polarity of applied voltage with positive tions such as heating controls. .. RDF 2) filed for the JEDEC (2N-Seriesl types . *REPETITIVE PEAK OFF·STATE Gale open. T J = -65 Case temperature IT Cl 2N5568 2N5570 T4121D .

...... .. For vD =12V(DCI... . .. . .. .. iT . 250 C (See Figs... .. . .. .. ...35 1. IT(RMS) .. 14) .... . IDROM - 0. . 2N5567. RL ... . C. .. 12V: ... ..... 6 30 200' mA dvldt 2' 5 - Vips dvldt 30* 20* 10 150 100 75 - Vips - 10 10 20 20 25 25 40 40 mA IGT positive - negative - negative positive - ... . . .r. .. 11 & 15) .. .. . . .65' V IHO - 15 75 See Fig. T C ... .6 2. 160 mA. . .. Initial TC..ELECTRICAL At Maximum CHARACTERISTICS Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (T C' Unless Otherwise Specified LIMITS SYMBOL CHARACTE R ISTIC Peak Off-State Current:· Gate open. 12 oCIW Junction·to-lsolated Hex (Stud. . ... . . .. . Tj. .4 Alms.. IGT. . . . . .. exponential voltage rise. .... . principal current = 500 mA (DCI. T4111M. .... 5... ... . ... .. 10 VGT 0. ... In accordance with JEDEC registration data format . Thermal Resistance: Junction-ta-Case: Steady·State . .. . TC = 1000 C Gate-Controlled Tur~-on Time: (Delay Time + Rise Time) For vD .. .. T4121M .... TC = 1000 C: ...... . DC Gate·Trigger Voltage:'..... .. 1000 C.... TC = -650 C For other case temperatures Max.T4121D . T4121B 2N556B. ..250C TC. . 1.. • For either polarity of gate voltage (V G) with reference to main terminal 1. Mode 1+ III' I' 111+ VMT2 positive negative positive negative Mode VMT2 1+ positive III' negative I' positive 111+ negative .. Outline): Steady·State . . 10 A. ... . . DC Gate-Trigger Current:'.5 - I' V J.. .. TC = 250 C . ...::' For iT... RL ..... .... . ..30n.. . ...... T4101M. . For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main terminal 1. . ForvD RL . UNITS Min. .. TC . 250 C DC Holding Current:' Gate open..1 2' mA VTM - 1. .2 tgt - OJ·C - 2. see Dim. .. VDROM. ... . RL = 30 n . .. .. temperatures VD... ........ .. -650 C ...... .. tr. Critical Rate-of-Rise of Off·State Voltage:' For VD= VDROM.5 4' - - 1.. . VG positive negative negative positive VG .... .... Maximum On-State VOlta. For vD . VDROM. . .. .. . .... VDROM. ... OJ·IH - (JS-14. . ..... .2N5569.. .. . commutating ... . 125 n... ... .. . rated value .. . 250 C TC For All Types Unless Otherwise Specified 45 100' 100' 45 150' 80 150' 80 See Figs. ... TVD. . I For other case temperatures .... . . . = 12 V (DCI.LS See Fig. RDF 2) filed for the JEDEC . VDROM. . .... ... T C = 850 C dildt (See Fig. . 0.. Transient . Critical Rate-of-Rise of Commutation Voltage:' For vD . 8 & 9 1 2 See Fig... - (2N-Seriesl types. 15 A (peak).1 J. .... . For vD = 12 V(DC). . ...... gate open. 14 A (peakl.30n.1 .. .. .. .. .2N5570.. gate unenergized......LS.... .. . -650 C For other case Max...

50 25 Fig.2407Rt . case temperature (1.. case temperature (1+ & 11/-modes).) zl ~7 60 / 40 "'z ~~ ~ / 20 " 50 100 150 200 250 DC GATE-TRIGGER CURRENT (IGTI-mA 300 468 350 10-3 92CS-17062 TIME AFTER 468 10-2 468 10-l APPLICATION OF RECTANGULAR POWER PULSE -SECONDS 92LS.100 : TRIGGERING MODES: ALL ENCLOSED AREA INDICATES LOCUS OF POSSIBLE TRIGGERING POINTS « E I • J 125 ~ '"'"=> 100 u ffi g 75 '">- 50 w >- « "'g 25 0 -75 •• 0.. 1- fa ~~ ~~ ~~ >-..DC gate· trigger current vs.' DC GATE TRIGGER CURRENT (IGTI-A t POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE 92CS-17058 Fig.. 7 .. 10 .Gate trigger characteristics and limiting conditions for determination of permissible gate trigger pulses. 8 .DC gate-trigger current vs.& 111+modes).. Fig. 9 . w 100 w'" >«w'" 80 ~ fO >-'" .DC gate-trigger voltage vs. case temperature. w ~ "'g Fig.

. E I. surge current duration . ~". . .I- 2~ 0'" z'" ~ I I I I OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED WITHIN STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE..'"to CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL lOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE· 360· CASE TEMPERATURE: SHOWN ON MEASURED DIMENSIONAL ~~~O~~~. case temperature. 0> ~~ ~~200 "'''' "'0 150 a~ ~I- :J~IOO 0" IU " 50 1.-v +VOROM OFF STATE QUADRANT NO.L-CYClE 4 6 8 RMS ON-STATE 10 CURRENT ~T(RMSIJ-A 9255-3902 .j- -.". 6 .0 INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE VOLTAGE (POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE) (vT)-V Fig.Peak surge on·state current vs. ~I ~""i ~ V) 80 '" Io. {TC):85°C I- AS OUTLINES I'. 5Oi.5 FULL 5 CYCLE RMS ON-STATE 7.::::: ~ 60 - _co ~U rI GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE-CURRENT INTERVAL z ~ctIOO IDA [ITtRMSU: 40 r- ~ " 20 ~ 60 o 2..1I1 MAIN TERMINAL NEGATIVE 2 ON STATE _ I o 2 FUL.~~~~\URRENT C~E TEMP.~ "..5 CURRENT 0 4 10 [IT(RMSJ-A 6 810 SURGE-CURRENT 4 DURATION - 6 6102 FULL CYCLES 92SS-3903RI 92SS-3904RI Fig..DC holding current vs. 4 .

240V SOH. 15-Relarionship Fig.: !lITShl I T:I --Li-"90~' I: POINT I t-- o !~ I I I o----L- i _ L __ I VGT r--'I 10"10 POINT 9ZCS-110r.-~-----~ I o_LJ T-. 14-Relarionship between supply voltage and prinicpal current (inductive load) showing reference points for definition of commutating voltage fdv/dtJ.380 ± O. shows If these dimensions are maintained.oon 11m l00H 11m 'OOn 11m CF 01'" 200V o l~F 400V " IjJF 400V ''''''''' 200jJH 200jJH 1 TRIAC: (SEE TABLEl. only . and gate-trigger volt- 12QV 60Hl 240V SOH. The insertion tool should be a hollow shaft having an interference fit between the thyristor case and the heat sink. l00Kn 11m 200Kn IW 250Kn lW Y R2 22Kn 11m 33Kn 11m 33Kn 1/2W R3 15Kn 11m 15Kn 11m 15Kn 11m Rp 12Kn m 12Kn m 12Kn m cs o.:f-- _ 'Ol---j I I .2159 mm) interference fit will allow press-fit 800 pounds. o IjJF 200V o IjJF 400V o IjJF 400V o IjJF lOOV O.JF lOOV I C2 o IjJF looV AC INPUT VOLTAGE R. a "worst-case" condition of 0. AC INPUT VOL TAGE ReA between 2N5567 2N5568 2N556B 2N5569 2N5570 2N5570 T412lB T4121D T4121D CONSIDERATIONS of press-fit package types depends upon an sink.. As the thyristor is forced into the heat-sink hole.500 in.70 mm).0085 in_ (0.! v~ I o_LL COMMUTATING 1_61161 I I I di/dt :_L_ I 'TM 1_-1-- ~ld++-tr . age showing reference points for definition of turn-on time (rgt). These the heat sink flows into the knurl voids of the thyristor dimensions The contact resulting thyristor close case assures low thermal A recommended mounting press-fit and knurl between the sink and electrical method.OlD in (9. and the resistances.L . assure properly force of hole will help into the heat The press-fit package is not restricted to a single mounting arrangement.l~F 200V o IjJF 400V o IjJF 400V RS .254 mm) and an outer diameter of 0. direct soldering and the use of epoxy adhesives have been successfully employed.J----------------- ""J/ . heat-sink heat hole shown case. (12. and guide the press-fit allowable insertion in the heat-sink package that provide no direct sufficient force clearance for will be applied the leads and to the glass seal of the thyristor. AS I 7---- J PHOTOCEL CONTROL SNUBBER NETWORK RFI FIL TEA LF RCA TRIACS MOUNTING Mounting off-stiJte voltage.65 ± 0. 17.t2CS ·1!>3J. insertion below center the maximum A slight chamfer dimensions. metal from inner diameter of 0.1 0- -----------. on-state current. The press-fit case is tin-plated to facilitate direct soldering to the heat sink_ A 60-40 solder should be used and heat should be applied long enough to allow the solder to flow freely. C. in Fig.lf.6~2 Fig.

OI I------ MI E" - INCHES A ¢D ¢Ol ¢O2 MAX.23 5.13 3.006 in. 1·19601. (3.750 .200 . - .87 10.17 mm).465 J - M t/JT - t/JTl .155 . Stud Mounted on heat sink with a 0.505 . Soldered directly to heat sink.562 .058 .1 to 0. o o 0.113 - NOTE 1: Contour is optional.03 NOTES 2 1 A ¢Ol E F J M N t/JT t/JTl ¢W -- INCHES SYMBOL MIN.35 0. on one or both ends of . (0.Case-to-Heat Sink Thermal Resistance for Different Mounting Arrangements.05 3. FOR TYPES DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE 2N5569.544 .94 1. (60-40 solder which has a melting point of 1880 C should be used.080 .82 2.5 With heat sink compound DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE 2N5567.95 12.330 . Heating time should be sufficient to cause solder to flow freelyl.380 .068 .07 19.090 . .54) Stud & IsolatedStud Ojrectly mounted on heat sink with or without the use of heatsink compound.83 12.65 12.29 12.453 .090 MilLIMETERS MIN.73 2. Without heat sink compound 2.501 .5 0.155 .81 14.47 2.08 24.94 11.652 and angular orientation NOTES 3 1 2 of these terminals NOTE 2: Pitch diameter of 1/4-28 (ASA 81.2268 .4960 ~ 0. - 9. MAX.8 13. J MilLIMETERS MIN.6 washer used between unit and IiEAT SINK heat sink.004 to 0.080 .102 to 0.47 2. IF t /1 SYMBOL FOR TYPES T4111M MIN.760 13. MAX.950 . Mini· mum required thickness of heat sink: 1/8 in.058 .475 .510 .5 1.4940 Resistance·oelW Press-fitted into heat sink. 8.50 1.~~)OIA b1 800 LB Table I .2225 . MAX.4 12. UNF-2A (coated) threads NOTE 3: A chamfer or undercut hexagonal portion is optional.~~g~.72 1.81 1.29 5.73 2.152 mm) thick mica insulating 0.171 (122 (12. Press-Fit .544 . MAX.2N5568. T4101M INSULATING MATERIAL -~ REFERENCE POINT FOR CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT TER~MINAL Nol TERMINAL /N02 ~ J':.- Thermal Type of Mounting Employed Package (3.03 5.422 .505 .125 COPPER OR ALUMINUM 1 0.2N5570.068 .73 11.

48 1.pTl 1>T2 I/1N MilLIMETERS MIN. Fig.673 .14 4.94 5. MAX. T4121D.50 5.72 1.44 - 17.155 .82 14.080 .551 .210 . 18 .29 3. NOTE 2: Contour and angular orientation of these terminals is optional.422 .068 .452 .175 . Do not crush. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA salesrepresentative or supplier.2-Main Case.557 .055 . - . and Africa. T4121M INCHES SYMBOL A 1>0 In the United Kingdom.200 .2268 15.03 3.3-Main Terminal 1 Terminal 2 NOTE 1: Ceramic between hex (stud) and terminal No. MAX.08 10. Terminal No. grind.09 15.33 11. TERMINAL CONNECTIONS Terminal No. mounting· hardware policies may differ.058 .75 5.148 .79 3.138 .Suggested mounting arrangement isolated-stud package types. for stud and 1>01 E F J M Ml N 1>T .505 .604 .73 2.59 12. or abrade these portions of the thyristors because the dust resulting from such action may be hazardous if inhaled. MIN. Europe.34 12. .652 NOTES 2 2 2 3 WARNING: The RCA isolated-stud package thyristors shou Id be handled with care.501 .614 .1-Gate Terminal No.72 13.69 26.090 .760 .47 2.185 1.99 4. The ceramic portion of these thyristors contains BERYLLIUM OXIDE as a major ingredient.225 5.3 is beryllium oxide. Middle East.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR TYPES T4121B.

T4103D. & 15-A Silicon Triacs 400-Hz. T4113B (40785)-. 7) PGM PG(AV) 16 0.T4103B T4105B T4114B For 208-V Line Operation . They are intended for operation up to 400 Hz with resistive or inductive loads and nominal line voltages of 115 and 208 MAXIMUM RATINGS.. T4113B. (40781)-.. See Fill. For Control-Systems Application in Airborne and Ground-Support Type Equipment For 115-V Line Operation . 40783) are former (40783)-. The devices are designed to switch from an off·state to an These triacs exhibit commutating voltage (dv/dtl capability on·state for either polarity of applied voltage with positive or at high commutating current (di/dt). A IGTM :=. see Dimensional Outline. T4105D. • For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal I . TJ = 50 10 100°(' lip 1(1 -IO(J Hz DUel \\'itll Rcsi\{il'e VOLTAGE:' T4103B T4113B T4104B T4114B T4105B T4115B or VDM OF ON-8TATE = VDROM. in 60·Hz applications where high commutating capability is required. For more than one l'ydc of applied prim:ipal voltage RATE-QF-CHANGE T4105D T41130 T41140 T4115D VOROM RMS ON-8TATE CURRENT (Conduction angle 360°): Ca. T4113D • di/dt Capability = 150 A//ls • Commutating dv/dt Capability • Shorted-Emitter Center-Gate Design Characterized at 400 Hz These ReA triacs are gate·controlled full·wave silicon ac V RMS sine wave and repetitive peak off· state voltages of switches.1 . T4104D. 15 A: T4103B.OOCD5LJD Thyristors T4103 T4104 T4105 T4113 T4114 T4115 Series Solid State Division -6.tl1 Sinusoidal SUPP/l' Volla~e o{ Frequendes I"duel. T4103D. T4115B."e Luau. T4104D (40780)-. T4115D 10 A: T4104B. TT 225 °c . 4 CURRENT:' Fig. •. For temperature measurement reference point.l< m" .T4103D T4105D T4114D et\Iumbers T4103 Series T4104 Series T4105 Series T4113 Series T4114 Series T4115 Series in parentheses (e. T4I13B. They can also be used negative gate triggering voltages. PEAK SURGE (NON·REPETITIVE) ON-8TATE CURRENT: For one l'Yl'lc of applied principal voltage PEAK GATE·TRIGGER For I . 7) .g. ICT See Fig. T4113D (40786)-. T4104B (40779)-.. (40782)-. A 6 10 15 400 Hz hinu\oidal) 60 Hz ('\inu\oidal) . T4114B.2 RANGE: Storage TERMINAL Ts1g T(' ((""").10. T4114D) = MOoe (T4103B." max .le open. Features: • RMS On-State Current IT(RMS) = 6 A: T4105B. T4115B (40777)(40784)-. IGTM AVERAGE TEMPERATURE Ir = 0. T4104D. GATE POWER DISSIPATION: PEAK (For I . (See T4103D I T4104D -50 10 150 ·50 10 100 W w 0(' 0(' ""ldeTing): For 10'\ ma'. (terminals and case) • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main terminal 1. T4114B.4 A.c tempcT3ture 0 Te = 90 e (T4105B.l< A A ] ITSM CURRENT: =160mA. 200 V and 400 V. T4115D (40778)ReA type numbers. T4115D) = M50e (T4104B. T4105D.c For Operatiun H".Absolute·Maximum l'aluc. T4115B. 200 100 di)dl (SceFig. REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-8TATE G. iJl Opera ling 150 A/"s 4 . T4113D) for other l'ondition. TEMPERATURE (Duri'l! A A See Fig. T4114D. (40775)-. (40776)-.

'S Commutating di/dt = 533 Alms. (See Figs. T4115B. vD = 12 V. T4114B.'S.4 Alms. For vD = VDROM. T4114D 5 10 - 5 10 - 5 10 - dv/dt 30 150 - - IGT - 20 20 35 35 50 50 80 80 dv/dt V/}. RL = 30n. TC = 80° C T4103B. - See Fin 8J-A - - 1 °C/W 33 °C/W 12 . For Mode mA See Figs 8 & 9 TC . TC = 85° C T4104B. UNITS Max.'S Thermal Resistance Steady-State (Junction-to-Case) Transient 8J-C (Junct ion-to-Casel.4 18 V IHO - 20 75 mA DC Holding Current:' Gate open. T4113D Rate-of-Rise of Off-State Voltage:' For vD = VDROM. IT(RMS) = rated value.5 Fig. TC = 1000 C Critical DC Gate-Trigger Current:'t For vD = 12 V (DC). Initial principal current = 500 mA (DC). RL = 30 n. RL = 125~l V/}. DC Gate-Trigger Voltage:'t For vD = 12 V(DC). tr = 0. VTM - 1. iT = 25A (peak). IGT = 160mA. Typ. VDROM = Max. TC = goo C T4105B. TJ = 1000C. TC = 250C. T4105D. T4113B. exponential vol tage rise. Peak Off-State Current:' Gate open.6 25 V Gate-Controlled Turn-On Time: (Delay Time + Rise Time) For vD = VDROM. T4104D. 10 02 - - - 1. rated value. VGT - case temperatures. 11 & 15) tgt }. TC = 25 ° C. and TC = 25 ° C For other case other 1+ 1111III + VMT2 VG --- positive negative positive negative positive negative negative positive temperatures. gate unenergized.1 }.'S Je TC = 100°C I 1 2. T4103D. gate open.LIMITS ALL TYPES SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC Min. IDROM - 01 2 mA Maximum On-State Voltage:' For iT = 21 A (peak). Steady-State (Junction-to-Ambient). T4115D Commutating di/dt = 36 Alms. (See Fig. 6 For other case temperatures Critical Rate-of-Rise of Commutation Voltage:' For vD = VDROM. 14): Commutating di/dt = 21.25°C. TC=250C See Fig.

.M....E.~.:C"U..T.. I z 0 0:: 20 it i2is 15 '"li :i' w 'g" 10 " o 5 10 FULL-CYCLE RMS 15 ON-STATE 20 CURRENT 25 30 [ITlRMS1J- A 92LS-2139R2 r----....5.J<90 «". ..25 3: .-W~ •••V:....' N"'U"'5:.."".E"FC.N:..-~ GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY fOLLOWING SL:RGE CURRENT INTERVAL.P..'-'- -1 11/-1\j8r 8m1 •• w'-' <n.. o 180' .-' 7. LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE = 360· CASE TEMPERATURE: MEASURED AS SHOWN ON DIMENSIONAL OUTLINES «.. 468 10 CURRENT [IT(R~SiJ-A -lIDO ::: .O:.. ANGLE <8r +8m ... « '" 60 FUL~ 200 CYCLE RMS ~N-STATE SUPPLY fREQUENCY: 60/400 Hz LOAD RESISTIVE RMS ON-STATE CURRENT [1T(RMSI} RATED VALUE AT SPECIFI ED TEMP 92C5-17055 .~...0"IO"...CRR. "'W ~Q. OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTil JUNTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE SURGE CU~ORENT 468 100 DURATION-FULL loao CYCLES 92CS-17056 I 2 INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE VOLTAGE IVTI-V I POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE 1 .. .JJ360' w'-' -'!:: al 100 CONDUCTION «w -'o~•. :::i~80 x •."L---r--------.-.

. z •• > 0- 50 "'~ -SO ••• -25 CASE TEMPERATURE (TC)--C 0 .< 'oo" .. case temperature. 8 .. '" 0-> '" .• 4 H3 .DC gate-trigger current vs. z- 0- ••• 100 '"o !.. 92CS-17059 Fig.TRIGGERING MODES: ALL ENCLOSED AREA INDICATES LOCUS OF POSSIBLE TRIGGERING POINTS • 8 0..modes).. (/+ & 11/.. E I ~ ~ 0- ~ 200 o '" ~ 150 '" ..1 DC GATE TRIGGER CURRENT {IGTl-A (POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE 92CS-17058 determination of permissible gate trigger pulses.

Relationship between supplV voltage and principal current (inductive load) showing reference points for definition of commutating voltage (dv/dtJ.'"z 100 . 60 !i >/"......." ~ 20. •. 14 ..... ~ ~~ BO "'I :..- u I! ".- V "l 468 468 10-3 TIME AFTER 468 10-2 10-1 APPLICATION OF RECTANGULAR PCY'NER PULSE -SECONDS 92LS~2407RI I I I I I ----r----' I I I VD I I I COMMUTATING I-dildl DJ----------------- I I I 1- COMMUTAT:NG di/dl I I I I T I I I I I CQMMUTATING-d ~/dt Fig. •. . ~ zl "...0 / 4 u'l "'z "'0 0. ~~ •.

Relationship between off'stare voltage.380 an outer diameter ± O. and gate-trigger voltage showin~ reference points for definition of turn-on time (tgt).500 in. 15 . a "worst-case" condition of 0.254 mm) and of 0. . 17. A 60-40 solder should be used and heat should be applied only long enough to allow the solder to flow freely. Mounting of press-fit package types depends upon an center and guide the press-fit package properly into the heat interference fit between the thyristor caseand the heat sink. If these dimensions are maintained.l~1 __ RCA TRIAC POINT I f---'Q' I I --i . These di- mensions provide' sufficient clearance for the leads and assure that no direct force will be applied to the glass seal of the thyristor.I Vo I I I I I I o_L~ LL __ I-rl: I T I I I I I I I : r I"'" In •• I I 0-. A recommended mounting method. The press-fit case is tin-plated to facilitate direct soldering to the heat sink. I r----l I I I I-l--- - ~'d 90% RFI FILTER r-----.1. direct soldering and the use of epoxy adhesives have been successfully employed.-------- - 92CS-13366R2 Fig. The resulting close contact between the r:eat sink and the sink. (12. on-state current.2159 mm) interference fit will allow press-fit insertion below the maximum allowable insertion force of 800 pounds. I •• 1 f-----J -i---L-t. shows press-fit knurl and heat-sink hole dimensions. shown in Fig.--IO'fo POINT o_L .70 mm).~ "GT 1 I 100 n 1/2 W LF : CF I I I L J SNUBBER NETWORK FOR INDUCTIVE LOADS OR WHEN COMMUTATI NG VOLTAGE (dv/dt) CHARACTERISTIC IS EXCEEDED. As the thyristor is forced into the heat-sink hole. A slight chamfer in the heat-sink hole will help inner diameter of 0. (9. The press-fit package is not restricted to a single mounting arrangement. (0. metal from the heat sink flows into the knurl voids of the thyristor case. 1 I .ClO in. The insertion tool should be a hollow shaft having an thyristor case assures low thermal and electrical resistances.0085 in.65 ± 0.

0. mountinghardware policies may differ: check the availability of all items wIth your ReA sales representative or supplier.1 to 0. Without heat sink compound 2.6 COPF£R OR ALlIlilIlNUM HEAT SINK Stud Mounted on hea~ sink with a I'tlica 0.5 In the United Kingdom.6~ .Case-to-Heat Sink Thermal Resistance for Different Mounting Arrangements. Europe.4976 (l2. .Middle East.5 Soldered directly to heat sink. (Minimum Required thickness of heat sink = 1/8 in. 0. and Africa.17) ______ ---. Heating time should be sufficient to caus~ solder to flow freely).4974112.1r . thick insulating washer used between unit and heat sink.35 Directly mounted on heat sink with or without the use of heatsink compol:nd.5 With heat sink compound 1. shown . Type of Mounting Package Press-Fit .004 to 0.006 in.Table 1 . Employed Thermal Resistance-oC/W Press·fitted into heat sink. (60-40 solder which has a melting point of 1880 C shou!d be used. 0.125(3.6331 .

505 . J M ".4 1382 2. T4114.03 5. ~ TERMINAL "D.760 8.475 . NOTE NOTE 3: A chamfer pOItioo is optional. NOTES 3 1 - 2 of these terminals 2: Pitch diameter of '. AND T4115SERIES T4103. 12.080 - "~'~.94 1150 173 2. MAX.07 19.2225 L MI L REFERENCE -POINT FOR CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT -- .13 3.T " T.0 -J OUTLINE T4113.T.05 3.83 12.2-Main Terminal I Case. No.090 2268 SEATING PLANE MILLIMETERS MIN..01 SUI NOTES MAX..155 068 .8 1381 1428 5. -A -f' . or undercut on one or both ends of hexagonal Terminal No. 330 544 113 - - 422 058 . .1 -17 1. /NO 4P >--A--1 ~---I MILLIMETERS MAX.94 173 2. I-Gate Terminal No. 2 of these terminals face.08 24.T. T4104. I .750 .T M FOR -- No I 1.080 .090 1 IS II ~E 2 . AND T4105 SERIES MAX.wr ~ f "W MIN. ¢D. qp:j:. A ¢D .29 - 147 2.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE DIMENSIONAL FOR REFERENCE POINT FOR CASE t:'." J ==oj- 1 MIN 1. NOTE 1: Contour and angular optional.29 5.0·28 UNF·2A (coated) threads (ASA B1. Terminal No. I-- 501 465 - 058 .3-Main Terminal 2 On special request. .03 Ollentatlon NOTE 2: Outer diameter of knurled 1----.2 SYMBOL INSULATING MATERIAL TERrN~I~AL 02 . 965 1295 12.652 NOTE 1: Contour and angular orientation IS optional. 1-1960). = I INCHES MIN.m:~~~~ERM~N::m~~~~~ 4P No. 505 544 562 200 .150 453 . isolated·stud package triacs are also available. 1273 1181 - 380 510 .068 . E F J M N ¢T ".950 .87 - 1072 147 2. J INCHES SYMBOL A ¢D.

...[Kl(]3LJD Solid State Division Terminall 1 1 Main Terminal T6401 Main Main Terminal Main Terminal T6401 T6411 T6421 Series Press-Fit. motor controls. f"I . W W . of applied voltage with positive or negative gate triggering voltages.T6401D (40661) *. (During soldering): • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main terminal • For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal 1. T6411 B (40662)*. -50 VOLTAGE:· to 1000 C VOROM T6401B T6411B T6421B T6401D T6411D T6421D 200 400 T6401M T6411M T6421M 600 V (Conduction angle = 3600): RMS ON-STATE CURRENT Case temperature TC. tr .. Stud. and power switching They can also be used in air-conditioning systems. ----- AVERAGE TEMPERATURE RANGE:· Storage . . 71 . T6411M (40672)*....•••. •.. GATE POWER DISSIPATION: PEAK (For 1 Ils max. For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage RATE-QF-CHANGE VOM. ". PEAK GATE-TRIGGER 200 mA. T6421D (40806)* For High-Voltage Operation . T J .. They are designed to switch from an off·state to an tions such as heating controls.. . T6421B (40805)* For 24D-V Line Operation ..T6401 B (40660)*. and photocopying equipment... MAXIMUM RATINGS. light dimmers.. 650 C (Press-fit typesl . 4 A: See Fig. 1. •..T6401M (40671)*..•.. IGTM -0::. REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATE Gate open.See Fig. T6421M (40807)* 2 Series Main Terminal Main Terminal 2 T6411 series T6421 2 Series Press-fit Isolated-stud Stud These RCA triacs are gate-controlled Features: • di/dt Capability = 100 Alils • Shorted-Emitter • Low Switching Losses • Center-Gate Design Low On-State Voltage at High Current Levels • Low Thermal Resistance full-wave silicon ac These triacs are intended for control of ac loads in applica- switches. 0. TERMINAL 40 ----- ------0.. arc-welding on-state for either polarity equipment.. 550 C (Isolated-stud typesl For other conditions ITIRMSI 30 30· _____ 30 See Fig_ 3 ____ A A A ITSM For one cvcle of applied principal voltage 60 Hz (sinusoidal) 50 Hz (sinusoidal) _ . CURRENT:· For 1 J1smax.. 7 .• . 300 265 . • For temperature measurement reference point. VOROM..75----- TEMPERATURE . T6411D (40663)*. A A See Fig_ 4 ---- OF ON-STATE CURRENT: IGT.. Operating (Case) . see Dimensional Outline.... and Isolated-Stud Type Packages For 120-V Line Operation . 600 C (Stud typesl .1 115 (See Fig_ 731 _ . Absolute-Maximum Values: For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Frequencies up to 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load.

IGT = 200 mA. . For VD = VDROM......... TC = 250 C .. For VD = VDROM.. .. T6421B T6401D... DC Holding Current:' Gate open. .... TC = 250 C . RL =30 n......... . - 1... T6411M..... ... .. TC = 650 C (Press· fit types) .. .. . .. . tr = 0.1 IlS..... .. .. 12 0J·IH with reference to main terminal 1. For other case temperatures Critical Rate-of·Rise of Commutation Voltage:.. TC = 250 C (See Figs. TC = 1000 C Thermal UNITS Voltage:' For VD = VDROM.... 25 See Fig.. T6421D· .9 IlS Junction-ta-Case: Steady-State Press·fit types ......35 2.. 11 & 15) Resistance.. 8 & 9 50 50 80 80 dv/dt VMT2 dv/dt - - mA V/lls V/lls - VG positive positive - negative negative positive negative - negative positive IGT - .....T6411B.... Outline): Steady-State (Isolated-stud typesl .. 10 - - mA V - 1......I CHARACTE R ISTIC Peak Off·State Current:· Gate open..... ..... T6411D... . For VD = 12 V(DCl... . . = 600 C (Stud types) . vD = 12V: ... . TJ = 1000 C...... I 3 3 3 20 20 20 - 40 25 20 200 150 100 - 15 20 30 40 See Figs.... T6421M DC Gate-Trigger Current:'... .8 0... .. .2 4 VTM - 2....... .. ... . ..commutating (See Fig.....1 2..... ...... 6 DC Gate·Trigger Voltage:'. TC = 250 C LIMITS For All Types Unless Otherwise Specified VGT 0. iT = 45 A (peak). .. .... 14): di/dt = 16 Alms.... .. ... Initial principal current = 150 mA (DCl..2 .. T6401M. TC = 1000 C: . ... Tvo.. ...... ... TC=250C . ... ... VDROM = Max..... Max.. .. RL = 30 n. ... See Dim. For other case temperatures SYMBOL Min.. .... exponential voltage rise. ...... 'T(RMS) = 30 A... For other case temperatures ... gate open. For vD = 12 V (DC).. ..... .......... rated value Maximum On·State Voltage:' For iT = 10:) A (peakl.. .. . Transient (Press-fit & stud types I . ... RL = 125 n..... .... . ... - 1 . ....5 See Fig .. .. .. .. IDROM - 0. gate unenergized. T6401B... For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) • For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal °J-C oc/w See Fig. Stud ... tgt 1... .....7 3 - - - - 0.....5 V IHO - 60 mA Mode 1+ 111I' 111+ .. ... ..... . Gate-Controlled Turn-Gn Time: (Delay Time + Rise Time) For vD = VDROM.. ..... . .. Junction·to·Hex (Stud..... Thermal Resistance. = 550 C (lsolated·stud types) Critical Rate-of-Rise of Off·State .....

. 5 ..•. on-state voltage. case temperature. . V 180· ~IOO CONOUCTION " ~ 90 ANGLE 'Sr +Sm i'.1 MAIN TERMINAL POSITIVE -ON STATE IHO 2 10 20 FULL-CYCLE RMS 30 40 ON-STATE ~o CURRENT 60 [IT(RMSI]-A 9255-3810 WAVEFORM ~SINUSO IDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCT IVE CONDUCTION ANGLE" 360· CASE TEMPERATURE: MEASURED ~ t8I~ 8ml Ii : 1 fURRENT i' I ~ AS SHOWN ON DIMENSIONAL o OUTUNES .!i B 60.5 2 ON-STATE VOLTAGE OR NEGATIVE) 20 -70 -60 -50-40 -30 -20 -10 CASE TEMPERATURE 2. 0. I -A 68 468 SURGE CURRENT 4 102 10 92SS-3812R2 DURATIO"-J -FULL CYCLES Fig..DC holding current vs.. 6 .\."' . 6 ~03 92SS-3815R2 40 ..5 (vTl-V Fig.CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE· 360· 50 QUADRANT No. 0 10 20 30 (TC )_OC 9255-3811 Fig. 4 . I 250 ~1 " ~f a:~ II IT GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL..5 I INSTANTANEOUS (POSITIVE 1. PRESS-FIT 80 .On-state current vs.. 60. -::> r'" ~Ol ISOLATED-STUD 60 ~ ~ 50 ~ TYPES >< o FULL 10 CYCLE 20 RMS ON-STATE 30 CURRENT [IT(RMS1] 40 5 ""' Q.Peak surge on-state current vs.Hz ~ 15 ~i 70 AT IIIIII1 ~ ~200 STUD TYPES [InRMS)]-30A 300 ~ TYPES "'...: ~ <i LOAD: RESISTIVE RMS ON-STATE CURRENT SPECIFIED CASE TEMP. 150Hz OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE • ~ ••. surge current duration...

DC gate-trigger voltage vs. case temperature (1.I RING MOO ES: ALL 1008 ENCLOSED AREA INDICATES LOCUS OF 6 I E TRI RIN I T 4 Fig. 7 .DC gate-trigger current vs.Gate trigger characteristics and limiting conditions for determination of permissible gate trigger pulses. 20 ---I I ~ 0 50 100 ISO 200 250 300 350 400 468 450 10-3 DC GATE-TRIGGER CURRENT (IGT)-mA TIME AFTER APPLICATION 10-2 OF 468 RECTANGULAR 10-1 468 I POWER PULSE -SECONDS 92LS-2263RI . Fig. case temperature. /' ./ o-U z. case temperature (1+ & 11/-modesl. . 9 .& 11/+modesl.DC gate-trigger current vs. "'0 Uo- 40 cr' "'z "-0 E. -10 0 TEMPERATURE 10 20 30 40 (TC)_OC Fig_ 10 ."1'" II 80 V /' 0:> ~ffi 0-:< "'0- 60 "-"'<l 0". o o -70 -60 -50 -40 -30 -20 CASE -10 0 10 TEMPERATURE 20 30 40 -70 -60 -so -40 -30 -20 (TCI-OC CASE Fig. "'Uz 100 "'~ ~~ 1-' >-<l I I 1. 8 .

J L -. 14 . dimensions are maintained. AC INPUT VOLTAGE '20V 60••• 2AOV 60••• NOV 50'" C.11'f l00V I .ljlf 400V ReA .. If these The press·fit package is not restricted to a single mounting arrangement. A recommended mounting method. 15 . ACATRIACS 3.65 ± 0. shown in Fig.Relationship and principle current (inductive load) T64018 T64118 T64218 CONSIDERATIONS Mounting of press-fit package types depends upon an interference fit between the thyristor case and the heat sink. A slight chamfer in the heat·sink hole will help .500 in. A 60-40 solder should be used and heat should be applied only long enough to allow the solder to flow freely. Cs .0085 in. of the thyristor. O.2159 mm) interference fit will allow press-fit insertion below the maximum allowable insertion force of 800 pounds. direct soldering and the use of epoxy adhesives have been successfully employed..ljlf lOOV 0.ljlf 200V 0. shows press-fit knurl and heat-sink hole dimensions.oon 1IZW loon 1IZW . (0. The resulting close contact between the heat sink and the thyristor case assures low thermal and electrical resis- mensions provide sufficient clearance for the leads and assure that no direct force will be applied to the glass seal tances.254 mm) and an outer diameter of 0.'1'f 4001/ O. 11.ljlf 400V LF· IlJ01lH P<-' 200jJH T64010 T64110 T64010 T64110 T6421 0 T6421 0 AFI FILTER MOUNTING between off-state voltage.Relationship between supply voltage age shoWing reference points for definition of rum-on time (fgt).ljlf 200V 0.11'f l00v 0..11'f 400V O. A2 2.. The insertion tool should be a hollow shaf:t having the heat sink flows into the knurl voids of the thyristor an inner diameter of 0.3Kfl 1IZW AS . TABLE)I Fig.11'f 400V O.2Kfl 1IZW 3. . metal from center and guide the press-fit package properly into the heat sink.ljlf 200V 0. These di· case.3Kfl 1IZW A3 15K{l 1IZW 15Kfl 112W 15Kn 1IZW O. TRIAC ISEE I RS Lf __ . on-state current. As the thyristor is forced into the heat·sink hole.380 ± 0.oon 1IZW CF· O. The press·fit case is tin-plated to facilitate direct soldering to the heat sink. Al l00Kfl 1IZW 200Kfl IW 250Kfl lW . (9. a "worst-case" condition of 0. /--d1/dt I 0--- ~Es~-_~ ~ _ r--" Fig. and gate-trigger vo/t- showing reference points for definition of commutating voltage (dv/dr).TL J----------------.J Cs SNUBBER NETWORK LOADS DR WHEN FOR INDUCTIVE COMMUTATING (ctv/dtl CHARACTERISTIC VOLTAGE SNUBBER NETWORK IS EXCEEDED. (12.010 in.ljlf 400V c2 O.70 mm).

2268 . .Thermal Resistance·oeM Type of Mounting Employed Package Press·fitted into heat sink. 0.95 12.2264R3 NOTE: Dimensions in parentheses are in millimeters from the basic inch dimensions as indicated.505 .94 11.113 .090 .50 1. .35 Directly mounted on heat sink with or without the use of heat· sink compound.422 .200 .380 . - 1.562 .760 13.4 12.080 NOTE 1: Contour is optional. NOTE MILLIMETERS NOTES MIN.330 . on one or both ends of .544 .29 5.505 .1 to 0.058 .5 0.73 11.6 92 LS.13 3.83 12.155 .28 5.47 9.07 19.94 1.501 . DIMENSIONAL T6401 SERIES OUTLINE and are derived FOR DIMENSIONAL T6411 SERIES OUTLINE INCHES SYMBOL INCHES SYMBOL A ¢O ¢OI ¢O2 J M ¢T ¢Tl MAX.090 MIN.65 12.03 5.47 2.73 2. MAX. 8. - . A ¢OI E F J M N ¢T ¢Tl rpW FOR MILLIMETERS NOTES MIN.652 3 1 - 2 NOTE 2: Pitch diameter of 1/4-28 UNF·2A Icoatedl threads IASA 81. 1·1960l.058 .068 .2225 MIN .155 . (60-40 solder which has a melt· ing point of 1880 C should be used.08 24.475 . MAX. 0.510 .068 .750 . NOTE 3: A chamfer or undercut hexagonal portion is optional.465 - .13.05 3. Mini· mum required thickness of heat sink: 1/8 in.8 13.03 2.87 10.29 12.544 . Heating time should be sufficient to cause solder to flow freelvl.81 - - and angular orientation 2 1 of these terminals 2: Outer diameter of knurled surface.950 .81 14.080 .17 mm) Press-Fit Stud Soldered directly to heat sink.82 2.453 .72 1. MAX.73 2.

.18 3. MAX. 1·19601.33 5.175 .210 . MAX.'""" AVA'LA8lE CONNECTIONS F J M Ml N 4>T ¢Tl 4>T2 1JN MILLIMETERS MIN.148 .96 5. grind. .72 1. NOTES 2 2 2 3 No.47 3.50 5.. mountinghardware policies may differ. The ceramic portion of these thyristors con· tains BERYLLIUM OXIDE as a major ingredient.73 4.44 5. and Africa. Middle East. or abrade these portions of the thyristors be· cause the dust resulting from such action may be hazardous if inhaled.99 4.138 .. NOTE 2: Contour and angular orientation is optional.1-Gate Terminal No.59 12..210 .557 .72 13.652 NOTE 1: Ceramic between hex (stud) and terminal beryllium oxide.48 1.69 32." cv--DF6B MICA o INSULATOR DIMENSIONAL T6421 SERIES OUTLINE 111 P'iBI'SHED In the United Kingdom.34 12.l-"". TERMINAL FOR .14 4.84 5.298 .3 is of these terminals 1/4·28 UNF-2A (coated) threads . - 17..3-Main Terminal 2 NOTE 3: Pitch diameter of IASA B1.165 .058 .2-Main Terminal 1 Case.08 10.760 15.614 .19 3. Do not crush. Terminal No.604 .33 11.068 .185 1.82 14.551 .2268 .673 .125 . Terminal No.09 15.200 .505 ..75 5.452 . INCHES SYMBOL A 4>0 4>01 E WARNING: The RCA isolated·stud package thyristors should be han· died with care..422 .""". check the availability of all items shown with your ReA salesrepresentative or supplier.501 .2225 MIN.".. Europe.230 .

REPETITIVE PEAK OFF·STATE VOLTAGE:' vDROM Gate open. 15) FUSING CURRENT (for Triac Protection): TJ A A AI!'s 2 A s ----350--- 1.i For 115-V Line Operation . . --- = = -50 to 1100 C.T6404B T6414B For 208-V Line Operation . 1. ---50to150-- . (SeeFig. . ---- ...•.•.. t = See Fig. on·state They are are polarity gate triggering intended inductive MAXIMUM gate-control!ed are designed for either or negative or triacs They to switch silicon of applied voltage with ac and nominal positive These triacs exhibit at high commutating at 400 Hz with line voltages RATINGS. -- -50 °C to 110 -- °C 225 ---- °C (During soldering): and case) ..s max. Average .:4A (peak). and Design at 400 Hz Values: For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at 400 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load.3 -- ON-STATE CURRENT: For one cycle of applied principal voltage 400 Hz (sinusoidal) 60 Hz (sinusoidal) For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage RATE-OF-CHANGE OF ON-STATE CURRENT: = = .. .Thyristors [lliCIBLJD Solid State Division T6404 T6405 T6414 T6415 Series For Control-Systems Application in Airborne and Ground-Support Type Equipment J. For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main terminal • For either polarity of gate voltage (VG' with reference to main terminal 1. RMS ON·STATE CURRENT (Conduction Angle = 3600): IT(RMS) Case temperature TC Center-Gate 208 V RMS sine wave and repetitive of 200 V and 400 V. . .•. ---600------300--- . . For temperature measurement reference point. 7) 12--- A GATE POWER DISSIPATION: Peak (For 10!'s max. IGTM :<:. . (See Fig. where high (dv/dt) They voltages capability can also be used commutating T6404B T6405B T6414B T6415B capability T6404D T6405D T6414D T6415D 200 400 V = 85° C IT6405 Series) 25--- A 800 C (T6415 Series) 700 C (T6404 Series) 650 C (T6414 Series) 25--- A A A 40--40----- PEAK SURGE (NON·REPETITIVE) See Fig.4-- ----100--- VDM VDROM.75 --- W RANGE:" (Case) .. T J = -50 to "0° C . * ---- (terminals ...1 !'s (See Fig. see Dimensional Outline.25 to 10 ms PEAK GATE-TRIGGER CURRENT:" For 1 J.T6404D T6414D Gate (40791)(40793)(40792)(40794)- T6405B T6415B T6405D T6415D (40787)(40789)(40788)(40790)- Features: • RMS On-State Current • IT(RMS) = 25A: T6405 and T6415 Series = 40A: T6404 and T6414 Series di/dt Capability = 100 A/ps Commutating dv/dt Capability Characterized • • These ReA switches. IGT 200 mA. 7) . tr 0.. TEMPERATURE For 10 s max. Absolute-Maximum of resistive 115 com mutating current in 60·Hz applications is required. to an voltages..l. TEMPERATURE Storage Operating TERMINAL 42--- W 0. . for operation loads full-wave from an off-state Shorted-Emitter peak off-state voltage (di/dt).

.... vD = 12 V...8 & 9 - -I 0..... Transient (Press-fit & stud types) ... iT=60A (peak). Critical Rate-of-Rise of Off-State Voltage:' For VD = VDROM.. exponential voltage rise. gate unenergized... ...... For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT21 with reference to main terminal 1....... DC Gate-Trigger Voltage:'t ... TC = 1100 C: T6405 & T6415 Series ...... .. .. IT(RMS) = rated value...................... Max....... TC= 250C (See Figs. ......5 p... ... .s - IGT . RL =30n....... 11 & 12) ... Initial principal current = 500 mA (DC). ....s VGT 20 80 50 80 80 120 80 120 See Figs............. ....... V/p.1 J-ls.. VDROM = Max. ........ = 650 C (T6414 Series) ................ ............ TC = 1100 C ........... ....2 I 2 3 See Fig.....16 ...... Peak Off-State Current:' Gate open....... Maximum On-State Voltage:' For iT = 100 A (peak). V/p..... .. Stud .......... ..... IDROM ..........s - 0.............. RL = 30 n............ ......... 10 - mA V - tgt - .......... ............ TJ = 1100 C..13 & 14): Commutating d ildt = 88 Alms TC = 850 C (T6405 Series) ...5 2 Min.......... TC = 250 C Mode 1+ 1111- III + For other case temperatures VMT2 positive negative positive negative VG positive negative negative positive dvldt dvldt Gate-Controlled Turn-On Time: (Delay Time + Rise Time) For VD= VDROM.... .... TC = 25v C: T6405 & T6415 Series .... R L = 125 n............... tr = 0............. ........2 4 - 1............7 1. ....... rated value ................ T6404 & T6414 Series' .............. ... ..ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS At Maximum Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (Tc) Unless Otherwise Specified LIMITS SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC For All Types Unless Otherwise Specified Typ.... ....... TC = 250 C .... - 0. (See Figs.9 oC/W See Fig............. Thermal Resistance........ ... . For other case temperatures ....... Junction-to-Case: Steady-State Press-fit types ........... .......... .......... ........ VTM - IHO - 30 See Fig.. = 800 C (T6415 Series) ...... .... T6404 & T6414 Series ..................6 2 2 - - 2 2 - - 30 50 150 200 - 90 UNITS mA V mA Critical Rate-of-Rise of Commutation Voltage:' For vD = VDROM........... DC Holding Current:' Gate open.... gate open......... ................... IGT = 150 mA... DC Gate-Trigger Current:'t ForvD = 12 V (DC). .... TC = 250 C .... .... For other case temperatures ....6 2......7 2.......8 0...... Commutating d ildt = 141 Alms TC = 700 C (T6404 Series) ................ For vD = VD ROM... For vD = 12 V(DC)...... t For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal 1.... BJ-C - - 1.............. .

" "- 100 ·00 ~ I ~ r-..~400 RATED W CYCLE RMS ON-STATE CURRENT 8 10 DURATION -FULL 4 6 8 102 CYCLES ~ CURRENT 40 fiT(RMS~ L' ~ A 92C5-17949 17950 ... I I I .....•. t:.I >~ I" 'f z 300 "- z'" 0'" ~~ ~ u 200 ~ " ~ I I II OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE. '\ ~!:: "' ......t- - t- I I I I a I 6 SURGE VALUE AT GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL I\.•... RESISTIVE RMS ON-STATE CURRENT [ITIRMSJ} SPECIFIED CASE TEMP~RATURE 600 I \ 500 "..10 20 FULL-CYCLE 30 40 50 60 RMS ON-STATECURRENT(ITtRMS1]-A 92C5- CURRENT WAVEFORM: SiNUSOIDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE ~ 360" CASE TEMPERATURE: MEASURED AS SHOWN ON DIMENSIONAL OUTLINES 60 o 10 FULL LOAD...

120 <t E I OW r> 100 ~~ >-" CJ~ a: a: 80 '50 u'" .~ z>- 9~ 60 §1- u o MINIMUM GATE RESISTANCE I I I I I I I UPPER LiMIT OF PERMISSIBLE AVERAGE IDC} GATE POWER I DISSIPATION AT RATED CONDITIONS -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 CASE TEMPERATURE .& /:/+ modes).DC gate-trigger current vs. .0 20 30 tTC )_OC 40 92CS-17946 Fig. 9 .. case temperature (/.

on·state current.Relationship between off-state voltage.. 14 .Relationship between supply voltage and principal current (inductive load) showing reference points for definition of commutating voltage (dv/dtJ. and gate-trigger voltage showing reference points for definition of turn-on time (tgt). I I VD :VDROM IT (RMSI: RATED VALUE AT SPECIFIED GATE CASE TEMPERATURE OPEN Fig.---10% POINT ---------92CS-13366R2 Fig. 12 . I ---I I t:vGT 0- L 1 -. . ---.I VD o_LL 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 [ 1 I 1 I :_L __ 1 T ITM : 1 -iLl I" o-LL-~ td POINT 1-1---- -i..-l-I I f---- 90% I 1 tgt t.

. assure that no direct force will be applied to the glass seal of the thyristor. The press·fit case is tinplated to facilitate direct soldering to the heat sink. metal from heat sink. u '" Z wo I u •.-----." ~5 •. A recommended mounting method... (0. Mounting of press-fit package types depends upon an inter- center and guide the press-fit package properly ference fit between the thyristor case and the heat sink.w u z 100 w~ VD ~~ .. The insertion tool should be a hollow shaft having an inner diameter of 0.----.254 mm) the heat sink flows into the knurl voids of the thyristor case. If these The press·fit package is not restricted to a single mounting arrangement.70 mm).'"-' 0. 80 60 "-w 0". These di- into the The resulting close contact between the heat sink and the mensions provide thyristor caseassureslow thermal and electrical resistances.0085 in.-------- "' ..2159 mm) interference fit will allow press·fit insertion below the maximum allowable insertion force of 800 pounds. A slight chamfer in the heat-sink hole will help sufficient clearance for the leads and solder should be used and heat should be appl ied only long enough to allow the solder to flow freely. •.500 in. I I oj --. shows press-fit knurl and heat-sink hole dimensions.. and an outer diameter of 0. a "worst-case" condition of 0. (9.65 ± 0..010 in. .380 ± 0. 18.. (12. A 60-40 are maintained. Ir' wz "-0 E ~ 10-2 10-3 TIME AFTER RFI FILTER .. shown in Fig. r----l RCA TRIAC I I 39 n I W 1022~F I 200V /L APPLICATION I: :: LF CF I I I I J L 4 10-1 OF RECTANGULAR POWER 6 8 r PULSE-SECONDS 92lS-2263RI LOAD : : I I J SNUBBER NETWORK FOR INDUCTIVE LOADS OR WHEN COMMUTATING VOLTAGE (dv/df) CHARACTERISTIC IS EXCEEDED.. As the thyristor is forced into the heat-sink hole. direct soldering and the use of epoxy adhesives dimensions have been successfully employed.

I-:~. ~ingdom.~ :.17 mml Press-Fit Stud Soldered directly to heat sink.'ithout the use of heatsink compound .urope. .'~~~~))D'A! In the United. mountinghardware. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA salesrepresentative or supplier.35 0. Directly mounted on heat sink with or v. Heatinq time should be sufficient to cause solder to flow freely) . (6040 solder which has a melting point of 1~80 C should be used.6 . Middle East. Thermal Resistance-oelW 0. and Africa.17) -------. E.125 \3. (3.Package Type of Mounting Employed Press-fitted into heat sink.1 to 0. policies may dIffer. Minimum required thickness of heat sink = 1/8 in.5 0.

1-19601.82 2.75 5.068 0.T .07 25.51 MILLIMETERS INCHES NOTES SYMBOL MIN.510 0. oW MIN.2268 13.760 3 1 2 NOTE 2: Outer diameter of knurled surface.c.94 5.47 3.46 10.4 0.2-Main NOTE 3: A chamfer or undercut on one or both ends of hexagonal portion is optional. MAX.000 0.950 0.505 0.1-Gate No. 1 Gate ~S. MIN.138 MAX. or abrade these portions of the thyristors because the dust resulting from such action may be hazardous if inhaled.2 NOTES SYMBOL A - .73 '1.Tl 0.225 0.380 0.453 0.13 5.47 3.113 0. 12.71 1. MAX.475 1. Terminal 1 Case.28 5.73 3. grind.46 1.81 14.81 20. isolated-stud package triacs are also available.148 0.652 MAX. M ~ 11 2 WARNING: The ReA isolated-stud package thyristors should be handled with care.058 0.73 3. SEATING PLANE NO.100 8.505 0. 0.225 0.501 0.562 0.200 1. NOTE 2: Pitch dIameter of 1/4-28 UNF-2A (coated) threads (ASA B1. TERMINAL CONNECTIONS No.8 13.544 0.01 2 E - F - J 1 M - N .330 0.3-Main Terminal 2 Main Terminal (-\.08 27.465 0.544 0.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE DIMENSIONAL FOR TYPES OUTLINE FOR TYPES T6414 & T6415 SERIES T6404 & T6405 SERIES REFERENCE POINT FOR CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT INSULATING MATERIAL 7 ~:"~: REFERENCE POINT fOR CASE TEMPERATURE r_A"3MEASUREMENT I TERMINAL MILLIMETERS INCHES A ~ .40 5.83 12.058 0. The ceramic portion of these thyristors contains BERYLLIUM OXIDE as a major ingredient.71 11.87 24.72 1.Tl NOTE 1: Contour and angular orientation of these terminals is optional.95 12.068 0.95 5.825 0.T .~ Main Terminal On special request.2225 0.422 0.138 0. Do not crush.65 12.51 5.75 12.50 1.148 MIN. .215 0.215 0. - 9.01 ~2 J M .No. 0.

.•. Operating (Case) TERMINAL TEMPERATURE lOuring solderingl: For 10 s max.. voltage with positive or negative of ac loads in applica- be used in air-conditioning and photocopying equipment RATINGS.. .•. They are designed to switch from an off-state to an on-state MAXIMUM • Low On-State T8401B (410291 Press-fit T8421B T8421D T8421M Stud ReA T8401. Gate T8411. Values: For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Frequencies up to 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load.. VDM = VDROM. 3 ---- ---- 50 Hz (sinusoidal) . Absolute-Maximum PEAK OFF-STA1E for control as heating controls motor controls. = 360 I: ------------ PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) ON-STATE CURRENT: For one cycle of applied principal voltage 60 Hz (sinusoidal) 600 ---- -----500 For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage RATE OF CHANGE OF ON-STATE CURRENT: J" ---- ---- 60 ---See Fig. 7 A (peak) AVERAGE TEMPERATURE RANGE:" Storage. 0 75 C IIsolated-Stud typesl For other conditions '0' . 13) GATE POWER DISSIPATION (See Fig. T J = -40 to 110 C . • Low Switching Losses ::s: 200 V Design Resistance 400 V 600 V T8401M (41031) Stud T8411B (41032) T8411D (410331 T8411M (410341 Iso-stud T8421B (410351 T842lD T8421M (410371 at High Current Level.LS max. tr = 0.25 to 10 ms PEAK GATE-TRIGGER CURRENT:" For 10 J. 7): Peak (For 10 MS max. full-wave silicon ac switches with integral triggers.... • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main terminal 1. RMS ON-STATE CURRENT (CondUCtIon angle Case Tempelature T C = 85 C (Press-Fit types) . (410361 Isolated-Stud and T8421 series triacs are gate- These triacs are intended tions such equipment. Center-Gate Package T8411B T8411D T8411M Press-fit = 300 A!lls Capability • Shorted-Emitter.. IGTM .1 FUSING CURREN~ (for Triac Protection): T J = -40 to 110 C. For temperature measurement reference point. 7) 60 ---- -----60 ----- See Fig. and power switching systems.MT2 • di!dt MT2 / (. Gate T8421B T8421D T8421M T8411B T8411D T8411M T8401B T8401D T8401M T8411B T8421B T8411D T8421M T8421M T8421D VOLTAGE:" Gate open.•. REPETITIVE Voltage • Low Thermal T8401D (410301 controlled... STUD TORQUE: Recommended Maximum (DO NOT EXCEED) .. see Dimensional Outline.IGT = 300 mA. arc-welding light dimmers. 0 80 C (Stud types) . • For either polarity of gate voltage (V G) with reference to main terminal 1. (See Fig.. MT2 T8401B T840lD T8401M Applications Features: . 4 ---- (See Fig..Thyristors OOCTI3LJI] T8401B T8401D T8401M Solid State Division H-1812 / H-1814 H-1813 MTl MTl MTl For Phase-Control and Load-Switching L .. t = 1.. for either triggering They can also polarity of applied voltages....... (terminals and case) ...

... ... .. .. T C = 25°C (See Figs.... ... .. . .. 14). .T8411B.. . . .+ For other case temperatures TC case temperatures Gate-Controlled Turn-On (Delay Time . .. .. . ... T C = 25 C ........ TYP.. ...35 0. ... .. ...... ~ 30n TC=-40oC rise... ..+ Mode 1+ ........ .. . ..... ...... .....3 - - 0... . UNITS IHO .. ..55 - 20 60 - 85 mA - VII's .. .. . ... .. .... T8411M...... . .... .. . (Press-fit types) = 65 C (Stud typesl 5SoC (Isolated-stud = Critical Rate-ot-Rise of Off-State Current:-· voltage 1+ . . ..1. . ..... . Stud types . TC = 25 C .. ....... . ...... ... vD= 12V. .... . . . . 11 & 15) Thermal 3 VMT2 DC Gate-Trigger Voltage:-· For vD = 120V (del.. . .. . . ... = TC =- 75:C gate unenergized. = Max.. . .. Transient (Press-fit & Stud types) ... Isolated'stud types ..5 I'S Time: tgt ..T8421D T8401M.. ...T8411D.. ... .... . ... . VGT . .. - 1.. ... ......exponential T8401S. . . .. . . - I 1135 See Fig.. .... . . .. ........ 8 & 9 ... .. . .4 See Fig... .8 V 2.. ... .. ....... °C/W . .. iT = 85 A (peak!. ....... 200 - 30 20 150 100 - - 20 40 40 100 positive negative negative negative VMT2 VG positive negative positive negative positive negative - negative positive - . . ... ... IDROM - 0... MAX.. ... .. types) .. tr = O..8 V See Fig. - - 0. . Peak Off-State Current:- Gate open. .... . . . .. . . ....... . 4 mA 1. .. ... .. ....4 "TM - 1.... ....... 1........ .... . gate open. ... . 111- For vD = 12 V (del R. '" . V DROM ... .. . .. 10 3 3 VG For vD = VDROM' 'GT = 300 mA. DC Holding Current:Gate open.. rated value Maximum On-State Voltage:0 For iT = 100 A (peak). ........ . .. ..2 Junction-to-Case: .... . ... ..... . .. . • For either • For either 10 dv/dt + Rise Time) Resistance.....ll's.. .. . ... . .. . I nitial principal current:::: 500 mA (de) ° <i. ReJC of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) of gate voltage (V G) with reference with reference to main terminal to main terminal 1.. ... For other 11 aOc: = .. .... . .... . .. .. .. 12 '" polarity polarity 10 50 positive negative positive negative Steady·State Press-fit types . .... ....... ........ .... .LIMITS For All Types Except as Specified SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC MIN.... . .. Mode For vD = 12 V (de) RL = 30 n 0 T C = 25 C dv/dt .. .. ...... VII's - 75 75 150 150 mA 'GT 35 80 100 280 150 150 400 400 See Figs... .. ..- . RL = 30 n. ..... .. ... .TC=25 TC=-40C . .. ... . For other case temperatures Critical Rate-of-Rise of Commutation .....T8421B T8401D. 10 2. eommutating di/dt 32 Alms...... Voltage:- ForvO = V DROM..... . .- 1111.. T8421M DC Gate-Trigger (See Fig.. .. ... ... . ... ..... .. . ..... .. 6 VOltage:- For vD = V DROM' IT(RMSI = 60 A. ..

~ w <r Z 0 100 ~ w ~1 ~~500 r "II " ~ 70 '" ~ 60 50 20 FULL-CYC:_E 40 .-t 100 4 II I :~ o ! 180· 25f-l- 360" \J CONDUCTIO'" ANGLE .:: 300 0 0 .- " 50 1fT .• :::::::::... ::::::: 200 100 . ~~~O~~~~~~~I~EeuRRENT [ITIRMSI]~60A SPECIfiED CASE TEMPERATURE 2 60 R . .1i :I~ 'fz ' 'I Q I il. 'fll I -1". SOl.Peak surge on-state current vs.. 1" . 4 ..~"'I.1>.:' 41 tl1 " 0 is 3' 75 0 "- !' 81ld "r if t'. r.l!'" I w 'I is -t H .- 0'" z'" -" ffi ~ ~ "'" ~~400 80 1i 0 '" E~ 90 4 6 ' 2 4 6 10 RMS ON-STATE CURRENT [ITtRMSI]-A SURGE CURRENT DURATION-FULL 92C5-22761 AT • .BI·8m o 20 FULL~CYCLE 40 60 RMS ON-STATE CURRENT [IT (RMSU -A 92C5-22760 GATE CONTROL MAY 8E LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL p ~ w >- 110 " ~ ~ >- OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE. « I t- ~<rw <r> Gfi we> >-w «z >-<r ..-- 102 2 4 6 e CYCLES 92CS-2:2:762 Fig..?O 100 80 60 zw 02: ~t: "'~ 00 w"z« 40 tz 20 ~ 0.'Qi. surge current duration.. 'm :'" - i...y.I ...'J...5 2 INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE VOLTAGE (vTl-V (POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE) 103 .I ~ i:i I It jll.5 I 1.

'0 DC GATE .100 TRIGGERING MODES. PULSE DURATION LIMIT I SHADED AREA IS TYPICAL RESISTANCE RANGE 468 468 .-' 7 ./ 80 >-<t 0:> ~ffi >-or "'>- ~'" 0".TRIGGER CURRENT (IGTI-A (POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE 1 '"uz j'! '00 '"'" ~~ . 60 <t >-u z. '"0 u>«' '"z "-0 i . ALL ENCLOSED AREA INDICATES LOCUS OF 6 POSSIBLE TRIGGERING POINTS./ 40 20 V -- 0 468 10-3 TIME AFTER APPLICATION 10-2 OF 466 RECTANGULAR 10-1 468 r POWER PULSE -SECONDS 92LS-2263RI .

18 O.--.w . on·state current. C.lI1F O. 50 H. 390 n O. .W AC INPUT VOLTAGE 100k1! RJ SNUBBER NETWORK Cs FOR 60 A (RMSI-IN· OUCTIVE RS lOAD ~r--' SNUBBER lOADS (dv/dt) NETWORK FOR INDUCTIVE OR WHEN COMMUTATING VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTIC IS EXCEEDED.22"F 200 V 33.For Other RMS Cunent ••.18 0. Fig. alues rele.co V 400 V 400 V C. .w . for '2<lV 6OH.1"F 400 V l00"H T84018 T84118 T84218 2OO.l"F 'OOV 01 "F 400 V O. RFI FILTER CFIF- RCA TRIACS 'OOV rook!! 250kf! 15kH l'./dtJ. O.18 0.H T84010 T84110 T84210 . 0. and gate-trigger voltage showing reference points definition of turn-on time (tgrl.l/1F O.W . 'I r" 1:------i 0- 1.w .1 "F 'OOV O.w . 1 I -r-~I t VGT 0- I I ::: I~".H T84010 T84110 T84210 2OO.Vo oj --.Relationship between supply voltage and principal current 92CS-17063 (inductive load) showing reference pain ts for definition commutating voltage fdv.1-- td ---1 I __ l- tr t---'. 390 n 0.lI1F 'OOV 0111F R.TYplcal 240 V values for Lamp dImmIng 10 RCA C"CUIU of . 13 . '40 V 6OH. Appllcallon Note AN·474~.-----. 15 . 390S! 0. .l/1F .POINT I In•• I 1 1-.~~N~ _ _ _ :CS-I3366R2 Fig.22"F 400 V 33. 14 .22"F 400 V 33.Relationship between off-state voltage. I v o I I I I o-l-!----:-r--..W 15k1! 15k!! 0.--I I 90"l.W .Rate-of-change of on-state current with time (defining dUdt).W .-------- Fig.

05 to 0.7475U8. type mounting is nQt recommended at maximum rated rms current. and Africa.036 For 1 to 3 mil thick solder layer TRANSFER mounted on heat sink with or without the use of heat sink compound. In the United Kingdom.012 FOR MAXI· to 0. Europe. Employed Press-fitted into thickness of Soldered directly which Press -Fit Thermal Retistance QC/W Type of Mounting Package heat sink. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.~ I r--- O.99} DIA O. heat sink'" to has a melting heat point Minimum 0. Heating time should be sufficient should be to cause solder to flow freely).15 . THIS METHOD MUM Stud HEAT Directly RECOMMENDED 0.Suggested mounting arrangement for stud and isola tedstud package types.Mounting method for press-fit package types.745~(l8. 0. mountinghardware policies may differ. Press-fit for triaes operating Fig. 17 .35 (60·40 18SoC used. Middle East.4 mm) solder 0.93) Fig. (6. of required in. 18 .25 sink.

0.740 0.r 1 .Tl le~d\ contact JandJl available. Sales Office on your For onfor01allon.-.. 2 Stilndard 1. T8411M STUD SYMBOL INCHES MIN MILLIMETERS MAX MIN.760 E 0. .30 NOTES: 172.266 ~'>T2 0. NOTES MAX - 0.-.70 '/.192 4..144 ..065 01.75 .620 - 15. loo::ale.62 4. 6.02 NOM 1 6.30 1879 1.060 0.A .866 0.)1 I 0.ou$lenglht.760 0. J J.751 .52 .:.0 0.. Federal Recommended NF·2A available the ReA lengths_ in your threads.65 2 al various Sales QHice diameter 1o. Handbook torque: For mfo.182 J 6.72 NOM 1 160. loo.mahan.87 A F 0.0.751 0.W 'h-20 NF·2A 19.3 NOM N .08 21.14 0.T2 DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE T8411B.75 3..·20 \ Leads VW 's pilch J and Jl contact 19.ale .8 NOM J. NOTE .! the ReA var.0 0. 01 coated 125 inch·pounds REF: Screw H 28 Part Thread I. T8411D. Services.872 19.99 22..

locale th._:1 I F N l IIIIIIIII~ MILLIMETERS INCHES NOTES SYMBOL MIN MAX 0.Main Terminal 2 WARNING: tains beryllium The ceramic oxide. 160. .205 oW ~20 NF 2A 487 9.760 19.751 0.2 . stud package con- Do not crush. J. .78 I 6. OUTLINE TB421M ISOLATED-STUD "'----- ~ JI -.8 NOM.182 0.740 0.192 4. TB421D.266 oT2 0.Main Terminal 1 Case. Disposal should be by burial.3 .de.99 22.52 N 0..760 18.62 J 6..95 'h-20 .710 A MIN.sbl!ryltlumo. 18. 172.195 0.mauon.0.02 NOM M 0.14 F 0.72 NOM.3 NOM.1 . . or abrade of the isolated this part because the dust resulting from such action may be hazardous if inhaled.DIMENSIONAL TB421B. dIameter 01 coaled 10' Federal SerylCes. Recommended '65 3 - IWlat'ng No I available COnlaCIthe ReA Sales Office on your malenal torque: Fo.30 E 0. NOTES 1 LeadsJandJl 2.79 1. 6.03 - .eads REF- Handbook Screw H 28 Part Thread I 125 Inch-pounds (ceramIC) between hell (slUdl and termmal J.385 9.20 NF2A 2 No. -- .375 0.75 3.060 0. .52 oT 0. No. MAX.144 - oT3 0.872 21. 0.08 19.Gate NO. 5.1 J ISOLATING MATERIAL (NOTE 31 .065 OT."fo. 0.30 at varlOUi lengths.70 4.866 0. grind. oW IS pItch Standards 19.

50 Hz Isinusoidal) ....g~ Dav. .. and Isolated-Stud Terminal 2 Main Termina12 T8440 T8430 Series • Gate ~ le' Main Terminal Gate 1 Stud I solated·stud These ReA triacs are gate·controlled full-wave silicon ac switches.•. Storage Operating (Case) ... "For temperature measurement reference point.Low Switching Losses T8450 Series Series Press-fit Press-Fit...T8430M T8450M Main . Absolute-Maximum For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply - Low On-State Voltage at High Current Levels . and power switching systems.. . MAXIMUM RATINGS. ~ ~ c:. REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATE RMS ON·STATE VOLTAGE:· CURRENT T8430D T8440D T8450D T8430M T8440M T8450M 200 400 600 VDROM = -40 to 110° C Gate open.. Values: Voltage at Frequencies up to 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load. (40924)- T8430B T8450B For 240-V Line Operation T8430D T8450D For High-Voltage Operation ..D\l(]5LlD Solid State Division H·1713 Main Terminal H·1765 H-17J4 Main Terminal 1 .Low Thermal Resistance These triacs are intended for control of ac loads in applications such as heating controls..•. See Fig. (See Fig. 3 CURRENT: VDM OF ON·STATE IGT ------- ... T8440M (40921)-. --- -40 to 150 ---40 to 110--- TT --- 225 --- °c °c °c 0 =:3 . (40923)(40918)-.. Stud.. T J T8430B T8440B T8450B V . 7) = VDROM' ITSM . 55°C (lsolated·Stud types) For other conditions .. 11-73 . T8440B (40919)-. and TA7937-TA7939.. ~.. PEAK GATE-TRIGGER CURRENT: • For 10ps max. CURRENT: 850 ---720 ---See Fig.. 1... see Dimensional Outline.. TC TERMINAL TEMPERATURE (During soldering): For 10 s max.Shorted-Emitter Center-Gate Design .... IGTM ~ 7A (peak). Nos. (40922)(40917)-...75--- W W IGTM 00 GATE POWER DISSIPATION: Peak (For lO"s max. Average TEMPERATURE PGM ... tr = O.di/dt Capability = 300 A/Ils . They can also be used in air·conditioning and photocopying equipment. T8440D (40920)-.. They are designed to switch from an off-state to an on-state for either polarity of applied voltage with positive or negative gate triggering voltages. For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage RATE·OF-CHANGE A A A = 300 ----Ai"s 12t ---- 3600---- A2s 7 A 40 0.. TA7752-TA7757. (See Fig.... (terminals and case) Formerly ReA ..•. Tstg ..-l respectively. 80---80---80---- = PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) ON·STATE For one cycle of applied principal voltage 60 Hz (sinusoidal) .. light dimmers. t = 1. (Conduction Angle = 360°): ITIRMSI Case temperature TC 75°C (Press·Fit types) 65°C (Stud types) _...25 to 10 ms . 7) . T8440 T8450 Series Main Terminal 1 II " ~Gate S 2 Packages For 120-V Line Operation - (40916)-. motor controls..I"s (See Fig. . PG(AV) C1l RANGE:..•. 13) FUSING CURRENT (for Triac Protection): TJ = -40 to 11(fC.... 4 A A di/dt --- 300 mA.. • For either polarity of main terminal 2 voltage (VMT2) with reference to main terminal -For either polarity of gate voltage (VG) with reference to main terminal 1. arc-welding equipment..

. IDROM - 0.. For other case temperatures. 12V: = = TC ..fS - - - - 0.. .. .. T8450D . For vD T8450B Current:'.... .... . Critical MAX.35 I 2.5 ·V See Fig. 6 of Commutation Voltage:' VDROM. VGT I 1. ROJC - See Fig. .. VTM - 1.. . 12 V (de) Mode 1+ VMT2 positive VG positive 111- negative .... . Resistance.. . .. 12 0.... = = 300 mA. . Current:' Gate open. . T8440B. Maximum SPECIFIED Rate-of-Rise = = = = = For vD di/dt TC = open. Press-fit types.3 0. . 10 T Jrn-On Time: Time + Rise Time) For vD = VDROM. DC Gate-Trigger RL TC - 3 110°C: T8430B....2 2.. . . . 11 & 151 tgt - 1. Stud types. = voltage V//ls - V//ls 10 3 10 3 10 50 200 30 150 20 100 - 20 40 75 40 150 100 150 rise. 65°C (Stud types) 55°C (lsolated·stud Critical Rate-of·Rise For vo of Off-State VoROM... . ....5 J.. .. ... ITIRMS) = 80 A.CRARACIERISiiC ::>YMtjUL v.. . 200 A (peak).. . .. T8450M.. .. tr = 0. Peak Off-State = VoROM Max.. 8 & 9 DC Gate. Current:' Gate open. ... 25°C ISee Figs..4 4 mA .. = . T8430M. TC See Fig..~ OTHERWISE MIN.•.7 2 V IHO - 20 60 - 85 Voltage:' = 25°C Initial principal = current 500 mA (de). .... .. ... gate ... eommutating 42 Alms.. .. ISee Fig. ....1 /lS...... T C DC Holding vD = TJ On-State = For iT TYP.. = For vD 12 V (de).... . = 110°C.. . ...... RL = 30 n.... types) .. ... . .... . ... T8440D. . & Stud types) ...IGT iT = 112 A (peak)..5 . . . ... rated value. 25°C _40°C . gate unenergized.4 °C/W Junction-to-Case: Steady·State .. T8440M. = = = dv/dt Voltage:' exponential T8430D.. negative 1- positive negative 111+ negative negative 30 n 25°C dv/dt 75 mA IGT = 12 V = 30n For vD RL TC mA = (de) Mode 1+ VMT2 positive VG positive 111- negative negative 1- positive 111+ negative -40°C - 35 80 negative - positive - For other case temperatures 100 280 150 150 I 400 400 See Figs. 14): 75°C (Press·fit types) . . types (Press-fit ..Trigger Voltage:'. . ...... Isolated-stud Transient ... . TC 25°C For other case temperatures Gate·Controlled (Delay . T C Thermal .

•..•.~:.~+::::: o 20 FULL-CYCLE CURRENT WAVEFORM: SiNUSOIDAL LOAD: RESiSTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE : 3600 CASE TEMPERATURE: MEASURED AS SHOWN ON DIMENSIONAL OUTLINES '" ~ °>.......5 I 1.. .... "'''' ~~ '" I- -" ~u ~ ''"" '""FULL-CYCLE RMS ON-STATE 60 CURRENT ~T(RMSU-A I- ~ ~~200 a~ ".TIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE.:..5 (vr)-V "- ~ ~. '\j~ 'Z z'" 0"."'" •..SI 60 CURRENT ~T(RMS~-A I- &~ CONDUCTION 40 RMS ON-STATE .. 3 20C 100 40 '" ~ ANGLE 20 OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UN. ---~ 0> .5 2 INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE VOLTAGE (POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE) 2. _ -:: ~ ~ ..~ _..w _ <l Z __ ~ gs 150 .. Z'" +sm 80 GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL.__. --- 00100 wo. __ z w _. z -- -_ ._...... «I- ... ~~ . ::---50 ~ o :d~ 0. RESISTIVE RMS ON-STATE CURRENT [ITlRMSJ]' SPECIFI ED CASE TEMPERATURE 80A AT .... LOAD.CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOlOAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE : 3600 ~ 125 Z °>~= 100 ::lo '" ~ 75 i' '" 50 ~ ~ 25 --. "'...

.1 II W AFTER 468 10-2 APPLICATION OF RECTANGULAR 10-1 POWER 468 I PULSE-SECONDS 92LS-2263RI ..MINIMUM GATE RESISTANCE 1 I II 1 I UPPER LIMIT OF PERMISSIBLE AVERAGE (DC) GATE POWER DISSIPATION AT RATED CONDITIONS 2468 468 I 10 DC GATE ..TRIGGER CURRENT {IGT}-A (POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE) ~ 100 a~ 80 <[00 1/'1 WW •....I "' .- 00' WZ I [7 I 0" I 20 11 I I 1 II I II 0 468 10-3 TIME y' I I >-<[ Z -r 'I W~ 1-' ..0 E ~ ! I ).. 40 I I I II I I II I--" 0. u ZI Wo IV U •. 60 ~w V I 0'" <[ •..

15 . I I 'Ol--i ~ I f:0- L Ir-- I VGT .LJ. I Vo o_LL I I I I I I LL __ I I I I I I I I I -£'. on-state current.vO~~Y-_J_-\i7---~--/~ I I I I I I COMMUTATING I dl/dt I I I Fig. 14 .Relationship between off-state voltage.__ ~'d I I--- 90% POINT -i--L-.--10% - - POINT -------92CS-13366R2 Fig.-i--I I T : ITM I I I" I I o-. 0 7480( 19 00) 07450(18 92) OIA . and gate-trigger voltage showing reference points for definition of turn-on time (tgt).Relationship between supply voltage and principal current (inductive load) showing reference points for definition of commutating voltage fdv/dtJ..

0. These dimensions provide clearance for the leads and assure that no direct tor caseassures low thermal and electrical resistances.751 19.25 in.ime used.30 19.454 A 0.Case-ta-Heat-Sink Thermal Resistance for Different Mounting Arrangements. DIMENSIONAL PRESS-FIT OUTLINE FOR T8430 SERIES Thermal Resistance..90 of these terminals is . Package Type of Mounting Employed Press-fitted into heat sink. If these dimen· sions are maintained.4 0.2159 below mm) interference fit the maximum will allow press·fit insertion allowable of 800 pounds. As is forced into the heat·sink hole. The press-fit package is not restricted to a single mounting (0.0085 in. (21.. MAX. The eter of 0.86 9. A slight chamfer in the heat·sink hole will insertion force help Table I .. 16.65 4. The insertion tool should be a hollow shaft having an inner diameter of 0. has a meltshould be should be solder to Directly mounted on heat sink with or without the use of heatsink compound.08 J 1.15 to 0.52 0060 OJ)65 0.850 resulting close contact between the heat sink and the thyris· sufficient preSS-TlI in.lar orientation optional.78 .T .53 - .4 em- ployed. shown in Fig.3 0. arrangement.2 to 0. MAX. direct soldering has been successfully heat should be applied only long enough to allow the solder to flow freely.. (14. 9. a "worst·case" condition of 0. metal from the ana Ine gUloe heat sink flows into the knurl voids of the thyristor case..Mounting ot press-tit package types depends upon an inter- cenler ference fit between the thyristor sink.0. Contour and an.193 1.52 - - 1. Minimum required thickness of heat sink = 0. of knurledsurlace. A 60-40 solder should be used and INCHES SYMBOL MIN. heat sink. The press-fit case is tin-plated to facilitate direct soldering to the heat sink. Outer diameter NOTES 11. shows press-fit knurl and heat-sink hole dimensions. 19.53 - M 0.60 mm) and an outer diam- the thyristor case and the heat sink. MILLIMETERS MIN.13 2 38.7585 0. 00 . 2. sufficient to cause flow freely).375 038'. A recommended mounting method.575 in. 1.35 mml Press·Fit Stud Soldered directly to (6040 solder which ing point of 188°C Heating ·.T. (6.760 0.C/W 0 0.59 pacKage proptmy IfllU lilt: flt::i:H mm). force will be applied to the glassseal of the thyristor.

A chamfer or undercut on one or both ends of hexagonal portion is optional. Contour and angular orientation of these terminals is •• W 3 4.30 NF-2A '.751 0.1. Ref: ASA 81_ 1·1960.99 .14 3 F 0182 0.30 E 0.789 A 15. No. Recommended torque: 125 inch-pounds.866 0.065 0.'.79 1.3 . .40 9. 165 0. 3.Gate No.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR T8440SERIES STUD DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE ISOLATED-STUD FOR T8450 SERIES ISOLATING MATERIAL (NOTE 4) INCHES MILLIMETERS SYMBOL MAX.14 4. Recommended torque: 125 inch-pounds.-20 1.Main Terminal 1 Case. REF: ASA B1. NF-2A optionaL 2.85 J 490 0195 0205 '/. M 0375 0385 952 9.385 F N 0. MIN. 1·1960.20 NF-2A '-20 495 ~20 . Contour and angular orientation optional.193 18.78 M.87 J - M 0.30 E 0866 0872 21. NOTES 1. or abrade such action be by burial.160 0.192 21.99 4. conthis may be .193 " " NOTES 4.760 1908 19.87 46.192 . ¢W is pitch diameter of coated threads. of these terminals is 2. 006<l OW '.-20 - - MIN - 41.740 0' 0'. 00' 0.65 4. 0375 0385 952 978 0740 0760 1879 1930 0060 0065 152 . Isolating material (ceramic) between hex (stud) and terminal No. 0. 1.99 22. 3. the of the isolated Do not crush.52 - NOTES ~I~NCH:'~X MAX - 0.62 22. Disposal from should stud package grind. 4.52 19. A chamfer or undercut on one or both ends of hexagonal portion is optional.872 0.01 9.63 0.151 0760 '908 19.62 1.78 0.591 MILLIMETERS SYMBOL NOTES MIN A 2004 0.375 1. dust resulting if inhaled.90 NF-2A MAX 0. </JW is pitch diameter of coated threads. N .182 0.3 is beryllium oxide.2 .1 .Main Terminal 2 The ceramic tains beryllium part because hazardous oxide. WARNING: No.

Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCR's) .

. .2 . For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage PEAK GATE CURRENT (t=10/.•. T C = 110'C GATE POWER DISSIPATION: PEAK FORWARD (tor 10 IlS A 0. .File No.. (Cont'd on pg..5/. S2061..... . T C = -40 to 110'C ON-5TATE CURRENT: Conduction angle = 180'. .. . 'TIAV) . .... . ..... VRSXM} VOLTAGE VOSXM REPETITIVE PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE RGK=1000n... (averaging time = 10 ms max... PGM PG(AV) RANGE: .... PEAK SURGE (NON·REPETITIVE) ON-sTATE 2..•.. 6 max. and S2062 series. . . . . Absolute-Maximum NON-REPETITIVE Values: PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE RGK=1000n.TC=-40toll0'C ..l .... . .. .. 'TIRMS) 'T(OC) RMS value DC operation ... . VOM = VOROM' OF ON-5TATE A 6 V 100 A//'s AVERAGE 0.75 A A A CURRENT: For one cycle of applied principal voltage 60 Hz (sinusoidall .. . (During soldering): . . .. tr = 0.5 4 2. The types within each series differ in their voltage ratings.. are sensitive-gate silicon controlled rectifiers designed for switching ac and dc currents... . REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATE VOLTAGE RGK = 1000 n..TC=-40tollO"C NON-REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-5TATE RGK=1000n...1 W W TEMPERATURE Storage Tstg TC -40 to +150 -40 to +110 'c 'c TT 250 'c CURRENT: IGT = 1 mA.••.. . . Operating (case)' TERMINAL TEMPERATURE For 10 s max. .... PEAK GATE REVERSE VOLTAGE RATE OF CHANGE 35 See Fig... . ...... 2) MAXIMUM RATINGS. 654 S2062 Series 4-Ampere Sensitive-Gate Silicon Controlled Rectifiers Features: • • • • • • • • Microampere gate sensitivity Minimum gate current specified for the S2OO2 series 60()..l . ... . . . . These SCA's are divided into the three different series according to gate sensitivity....... ... . ...V capability 4-A (rms) on-state current ratings 35-A peak surge capability Glass-passivated chip for stability Low thermal resistances Surge capability curve The S20OO.... .s.•...••. . . T C = 85'C Average ac value .5 0.sec) 'TSM ..TC=-40toll0'C .. the voltage ratings are identified by suffix letters in the type designations. .

S - 60 VII's 1J5. RL = 30 n.lRENT: VO=12Vldcl.1000 n . IT IiNITIAL) CRITICAL - R/iJC R/iJA I'S °C/W . TC = 2SoC: S2060 Series Ii GT = 200 J. IRRXM . They power-switching. each type is available in either of two variants of the TO-220AB package.S 8 - 8 12 S 8 - - 1. - T C = 110°C. I'A RGK . DC GATE TRIGGER VOLTAGE: Vo = 12 V Idcl. Upon request. Vo = 12 V. .8 4 2. TC = lOOoC . - 0.lAI RATE OF RISE OF OFF-STATE IGT RGK = 1000 n.2S 2. . contact the RCA Sales Office in your locale.TC=2SoC For other case temperatures . 10.8 dv/dt iT = 1 A. Vo = 12 V. IGT = 1 mA at turn on. I These thyristors have microampere gate-current requirements which permit operation with low-level logic circuits. 161 .lAI iH iL 52061 Series IiGT = SOOJ.All types in each series utilize the JEDEC TO-220AB package. . . LIMITS CHARACTERISTIC SYMBOL FOR ALL TYPES UNLESS UNITS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED PEAK OFF-STATE Forward. .• T C = TURN-OFF mA 6 3 6 10 mA 1. INSTANTANEOUS HOLDING VGT = SO mA.11.7 3.lAI S2062 Series IiGT = 2000 J.1 10 10 100 - 0. and for gate-current amplification can be used for lighting. INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE VOLTAGE: For iT = 4 A and T C = 2SoC ISee Fig. VR . RGK = 1000 n . . Reverse.2 V IGT - - 200 SOO I'A CURRENT: . RGK = 1000 n. RL =30n. 50 V TURN·ON TIME: COMMUTATEO Vo = VORXM' 0.1 /-ls. T C : LATCHING CURRENT: RGK = 1000 n.12 For other case temperatures.S = 2SoC: 52061 Series 52062 Series GATE·CONTROLLEO I CURRENT: 52060 Series Exponential - See Fig. TYP. . MAX. I'S TIME: tq AIl's. IORXM . T C = 1lOoC Junction-ta-Ambient - tgt = 25°C iT = 1 A.9 - 1.VRRXM' T C = 2SoC . . for driving larger I SCA's. rise. . T C :: 110°C Pulse Duration"" di/dt = -10 0. dv/dt ""5 V IllS. Vo ~ VORXM' T C = 2SoC MIN.S - 30 100 - - 3.1 10 10 100 vT - 1. . rise time CIRCUIT I VOLTAGE: Vo = VORXM' Vo = VORXM' O. and motor-speed controls. . = 1 mA. T C = 2SoC: 52060 Series 52061 Series 52062 Series 100 2000 See Figs. For information on these package variations. THERMAL RESISTANCE: Junction-ta-Case . 14 RGK ~ 1000 n. RGK = 1000 n.7 2. DC GATE TRIGGER CUF.

VRRXM VDRXM 25 CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD. 0 0 0.u CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD: RESiSTIVE OR INOUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE:..5 I DC ON STATE 1.5 CURRENT 2 [ITIDC~-A 2. OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED WITHIN STEADYSTATE RATED VALUE Z 9 0- ~ ~ ~ I 0 5 :i''" ~ ~ ..5 . :> x 0 4 0 '" I ~ " GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE-CURRENT INTERVAL 0 Q. I .180° CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREO AT POINT INDICATED ON DIME NSIONAL OUTLINE I ? ~ ~ ~ w § z 0 75 ~ i:j ii. ~ '"~ ~ ~ ~ ~ w ~ or 0 ~ 0Z W ?i '"I 7 0 50 5 :'"i' w 0- 25 ~ . I VRSXM -----i IVDSXM I r-. RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE: 1800 CASE TEMPERATURE MEASURED AT POINT INDICATED ON DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE ..

..L 10 '" r-----. 4 "- 0- 2 I • 6 0- 4 '"i3 '"'" :3 ii' 0- '" ~ ~ :> '":> '" 400 0- ~ > X I ':::! 0 '"'" '"'" ~ '"'" '" '" u 2 0. U~SA~E~A~EA OF OPERATION :-.. !<i -I PULSE l. DC OFF-STATE VOLTAGE IVO):::12V LOAD RESISTANCE (RL):::30n CASE TEMPERATURE (TC):::25'"C 4 0Z ~ •....... 2: to 0-" 100 "-I '"'" • ~ ~ 6 0- ~:::! :>11: ¥~ 4 -?~ z ~ ~ 2 1\' SAFE-AREA OF OPERATION --.u..:. PEAK SURGE CURRENT '"'" 10~ '" '"'" '"'" ii' 2" ""- 10' • 0- 6 '" !<i ....s DURATION CASE TEMPERATURE (TCl:::2S'"C 1000 ffi ~ 4 '"!<i t.•.1 " ...- i!' g"- •..• 4 '" ~ :> X '":> 2 .+- SINGLE-HALF-SINE-WAVE PULSE (NON-REPETITIVE) REAPPLIED BLOCKING VOLTAGE:O •6 IGT: ImA SQUARE PULSE. ... 10. z 2 ~~ ~~•. 6 CASE TEMPERATURE (TCl::: 25°C -.. l- J<i DURATION 6810 468100 GATE PULSE DURATION-fl-s :.•..• 0 .. 6 ... 10 DC OFF -STATE VOLTAGE {Vo)::: 12 V 8 LOAD RESISTANCE (RL):::30n. Q 0- -.:... I-:--...r---.....•. 2:'" '"'"'" '::..

:. - CASE TEMPERATURE ~(Tc}a25·C / 2 I •• ::> u I- • 1! 2 '" ~ ¢~ll ~/ •.52 2. « • I -.24 10.. 0.51 5.235 0.31 4.365 0.64 0. (RGK}-D 10.265 0.02 1.055 0.61 10. . No.012 0. F H l II .025 0..020 0.040 0.82 1.73 - 6.2 . b2 D E El E2 .045 0.57 2.28 7.300 0.07 0. 0./ I f-#.1 z •• • z 2 0 <g :il 1! / / 1/ I- ~ ~ .100 MAX.04 .055 0.12 5.145 0.51 1.040 0.04 9.397 15. 4.. 1 .320 0.3 .180 0.683 1.120 MIN.5 VOLTAGE (vTI-V 92C5-19841 DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE (JEDEC TO-220AB) Lr=-:-~OPTIONAL " CHAMFER SEATING PLANE •.120 0.02 0.70 3.54 3.582 6.~ 0.58 3.143 14.Cathode Mounting Flange. MAX.395 0.Gate MilLIMETERS 'NCHES SYMBOL MIN.080 0.Anode No.97 12.2 4 GATE-TO- CATHODE RESISTANCE 6 8 !QOO.385 0.220 0.190 0.04 1.77 8.5 ON-STATE 2 2.35 3. I / ~ z 001 05 I INSTANTANEOUS 1.600 0.p Q Z No.39 1. L~I II F f A TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT POINT b b.575 0.62 4.500 - 0.250 0.41 9.410 0.03 0.160 0.060 0.141 0.020 0.

Middle East. Europe.In the United Kingdom. and Africa. . mountinghardware policies may differ. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA salesrepresentative or supplier.

Types spectively. 2N3525. Current . 2N3525*. and . 2N3529·. The silicon con trolled-recti fier is also known as a reverseblocking triode thyristor. if ••.- __ Voltage 2H3S28 2H3S29 2H4102 JEDEC TO-66 Average TO-8 Average Forward Forward Amperes Amperes 1. TA2617. and 2N4102· are all-diffused. Types spectively. • All-welded construction • Law leakage currents. Types 2N322S. and 2N352S·. re- • Formerly Dev. 2N4101 *.•.3 3. re- 2H3228 2H3S2S 2H4101 JEDEC . 2N3529. • low voltage • Low thermal forward resistance and hermetic both forward sealing and reverse drop at high current levels uni. and TA2773. and 2N4101 use the JEDEC TO-66 package and have a blocking voltage capability of up to 600 volts and a forward current rating of 5 amperes 0 (rms value) at a case temperature of 75 C. ~~ Types 2N352S. and TA2774.Thyristors ffil(]5LJD 2N3228 2N3525 2N3528 Solid State Division All-Diffused SCR's for Low-Cost Power-Control Power-Switching 2N3529 2N4101 2N4102 and Applications RCA 2N322S*. TA1225. TA1222. TA2597. three-junction. and 2N4102 use the JEDEC TO-S package and have a blocking voltage capability of up to 600 volts and a forward current rating of 2 amperes 0 (rms value) at an ambient temperature of 25 C. c~ . rapid electrical efficient heat dissipation . • Formerly Dev.provides conduction.2 For 120-Valt Line 2N3228 2N3528 2N3525 2N3529 2N4101 2N4102 Operation For 240-Volt • Designed especially far high-valume Line systems Operation • Readily adaptable heat sinks • Low switching • High di/dt • Shorted • baards and metal For High- losses Valtage and dv/dt emitter Forward far printed-circuit capabi gate-cathode and reverse gate Power lities Supplies construction dissipation ratings • All-diffused canstruction -assures farmity and stability of characteristics exceptional uniex- • Direct-soldered internal construction ceptianal resistance to fatigue -assures • Symmetrical gate-cathade canstruction form current density. silicon controlled-rectifiers (SCR's·) intended for use in power-control and power-switching applications.

.. 60 .. I) Gale Power·: Peak... for Operation with Sinusoidal AC Supply Voltage at a Frequency between 50 and 400 Hz./01 fi:o d't t= RC . . Forward or Reverse...... IFAY<! .. For other conditions.. Forward Current: For case temperature (T C) of •......• Tempelature: Storage...0 See Fig.•.....' .C..r~n... T C CRITICAL 1--------------- 0- i - -f---! _T~ -~....•.•...O..... I FRMS' ... for lOj.h~~~..... .F.•. and with no heat sink employedAverage DC value al a conduction angle of 180".t.-... 8 For free-air tempera~ure (T FA) of 25°C..••• (See Figs.. Peak Surge Current. RMS value..• ~~~d~h..••••••••••.. .. IF RMS" .. 330 660 700 330 660 700 volts Peak Reverse Vollage (Repetitive).....Ls duration..•••••••••••.. 63 VFB 1 ..•.o~a. . value) 100mA. PGAyk . 100 400 600 100 400 600 valls 600 600 700 600 600 700 volts - - - Peak Forward Blocking Voltage (Repelitive). Tstg •....•.•.•.•...: \--- t 92CS-I3363RI l ~ / 0- 'F 0.. vRM(noo·rep)' ....51' s rise time (See waveshapes of Fig.... 13 60 See Fig....0 1.Abso/ute-Maximum Ratings..•. vFBOM(replc .....•..of lms 10 8.... 0..... 9. PGMj . 13 15 15 100 100 ampere2 second amperes/ microsecood vBoo(min....•..r~~~r...• For other condlhons.•..... 5 and 6) Average..3ms . Operating (Casel...•.--------_ ...........•....• VFB IGT = = See Fig.•.• Sub-Cycle Surge (Non·Repetitivel 111g For a period. vRM(replb . and unit mounted on heat sinkAverage DC value at a conduction angleot 180'..•.• For more than one cycle of applied voltage...•..... I FAY<! ...3 1........•.-..3 1.. and with Resistive or Inductive Load CONTROLLED·RECTIFIER 2N3228 ] 2N3525 TYPES j2N4101 2N3528 T 2N3529 I UNITS 2N4102 Transient Peak Reverse Voltage (Non·Repelitive)... See Fig. 75°C..•........ - 1.•.. iFM(Surgej!: For one cycle of applied voltage . RMS value....

. . .. . Max. Critical dv/dtv.Ioooe . . at T C :: . . vBOO(min.....15 - . dVFB/dt 20 vip... exponential rise..0 mA 1.. . .5 - .... ..750e (See waveshapes of Fig. Typ..- 600 - - volts 0. _ . Critical Rate of Applied Forward Voltage. =: dr... ..05 0. 1) Turn·On Time.10 3. .i ~\ \ I I I I I -t-----I I I I' 'I' I I k----I ------0 I t gr I -----. .5 - microseconds - 15 50 - 15 50 - 15 50 microseconds vBOO(min. .... . 50 p. VGTI AI Te: . ... VRBOP: vRMUep) value . 4) 2N3228.. iF '" 4. .... ..s rise lime.. O. vFr At a Forward Current of 30 ampeles and a TC II).. Typ. ..._ .. .•• __ • 1000e: . . . . iF"" 2 ampefes. .. . 5).. . 'dl: lOA'!'s... .Ioooe (See waveshape of Fig. .. 2N4102 Min.10 1..0 mA - 0. .150e ... value) Reverse. value). - - Max.. iHOOu AI Te: . .. . .. Junctlon·to·ambient... . . 2N3525. . 3) Turn·Off Time. .. . ...... . . VFBOP: 'BOO(min...5 - 0... .. VFB =: Te: .5 - 0.. s.75 - 1. . . .15 1. (Delay Time + Rise Time) VFB =: .. . 2N3528 AI Te: Typ. Max....1 1..75 I.... 100 - - 400 ... Typ.8 - 1.. Min.. .. IFBOMn. 5). Holding Current.0 volts(dc) 10 10 - 10 10 - 10 10 mA 10 100 - 10 100 - 10 100 - vollsl Max.._.... IRBOMQ . Min. . . - 0. . 2N4102 Min. .0 - 1. Te: . 2N3529 Min. . . ..5 - 0.. ~ 2N4101... . .8 - 1.. ... 0. .... .1 1. . vBOOm.. . IGTs AI Te: . . . . 2N3529. . .. . - -40 Thermal Resistance: Junction-to·case. ..l!. .150e (See wave shapes of Fig. tonW. _ . .10 I. . . Forward... . . Forward Voltage Drop... . . . . Max._ ... ....150e (See Fig.. . microsecond . ... . value). ..~"'-. ...8 volts 8 IS - 8 IS - 8 15 mAldc) - 1.. . .... •. . . .... . ....40 4.. . .. . IGT: 100mA. .. =: DC Gale-Trigger Current. Forward Breakover Voltage... . - 0. toffX. (Reverse Recovery Time + Gate Recovery Time) ._- __ ••• n _____ 2N3228... . .. . .j I toff~ . .. .0 - 1. Typ. . .75 I.75 I. . . +250C (See Fig.1 1.. . . .. IGT: 100mA.. ..... . s pulse width. . .... .10 1. Te: . . . .15 1.. ..0 - 0. Peak Blocking Current. - - 4 - - dir Idt \ °ClYI °C/W I I VRB _____ :----. Gale·Trigger Vollage.. .. 2N4101 2N3528. .150e1See Fig. •••• _n 2N3525.5amperes. ..

ate./'- '\....ate-cathode provides construction forward the • • • be gate tran- In all forward cases.> • ~'i>\'i> ms STEADY STATE . • AVERAGE GATE DISSIPATION LIMIT 0.. should not exceed rating (PCA Y) of 0. .. 5.ate pulse These limits and peak in the power sients total reverse periphery employ shorted- be are adhered shown pulses dissipation. PERMITTEO PULSE WIOTHS FOR INDICATED PEAK FORWARD GATE POWER "- II "- II> 1•• - ~ 0 > '~ " ~ > '" 10 Ips • r- ~~N~~r JUNCTION 0 0 •. products in Fil'. for different I'.5 WATT TJ· -40·C tlWC MAXIMUM VOLTAGE AT WHIcH NO UNIT WILL TRIGGER FOR T J ~ + 100·C I • • • V~ •. 0 •..EtD TEMPERATURE (T I 40·C T " +25"C MAXIMUM CURRENT JUNCTION GATE TRIGGER ' .ate voltlil'.SHADED AREA INDICATES LOCUS OF POSSIBLE TRIGGERING POINTS FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES.0 • •. •.- :. "..l'. I I .. emitter both these These and devices reverse Limitinl'. shown in Fig. to when tril'. on and peak of volt-ampere for maximum gate gate junction larl'../ 1.ate current..er circuits a which removes restrictions I'. ~ . pulse The volt-ampere limitations verse.•. pulse I'. 10014 ~tJEI NTD~~GAt.. ~~~ ~\~' f/ ...5 WBtt. both the average widths products 6 should for reverse if present. and I'. used to determine also values should tril'.'" :z: +'5"C + 100·C 0 "" MAXIMUM GATE RESISTANCE .e I'..ate dissipation re- .ger desiW1inl'.e widths direction or reverse average peak dissipation.FOR INDICATED TEMPERATURE IT J) I I III • I I • • The used construction in center of devices I'. '£..

7. These required width curves of the necessary to maintain malinitude of the the latching may be used liate the liate forward current value.25 AVERAGE 0.Turn-on times for different gate currents are shown In Fili.75 CURRENT (IFAV}-AMPERES 92CS-12749RI CASE TEMPERATURE (TC)::25° C SUPPLY FREQUENCY"'60 Hz SINE WAVE 30 [ AVERAGE 2 FORWARD CURRENT 3 (IFAV)--AMPERES 92C5-12750 .25 1. Some applications widths for proper pulse However. trililier anode desil'.75 FORWARD I 1. at least equal to or somewhat turn-on time. RATING CHART (FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE) FOR TYPES 2N3528. liate until has the reached conservative trililier pulse lireater than width be the device may require circuit the It is only current requires pulse the to determine pulses.5 1. 2N3529. AND 2N4102 u o 1---r-l'80CONDUCTION ANGLE 0.5 0.n liate that trililier wider operation.

I\. _2N3528.500 . 2N3525 6 • TC "75. rIOFLA~~~EM~~~~~~-r:~I~~ttutATED I 60" Q.. SINGLE ..470 .I 1 1 I I111 4 ~r'OI I""-.. 92CS-9963R3 4 6 • ."" I ~ ~ \ '" 1\ I " . CONDUCTION ANGLE: 1800 CASE MOUNTED DIRECTLY ON HEAT SINK. AND 2N4101 JEDEC No. 2N3529.C "'-. AND 2N4102 JEDEC No. I'}.250 . TO.NATURAL COOLING.9. 2N3525.PHASE OPERATION.075 . I Tl r- TFA" 25·C I 2 I I 4 6 • 2 . / I I .030 t.. TO·8 DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR TYPES 2N3228. HEAT SINK: 1/16 THICK COPPER WITH A MAT BLACK SURFACE AND THER MAL EMISSIVITY OF 0.050 DETAILS OF OUTLINE IN THIS ZONE QOTIONAL 3 PINS . SUPPLY FREQUENCY LOAD = RESISTIVE :~~~r~~1¥6::AA:D '"'" '"'" :> "I 1 50 40 30 a'" 20 l- t!! '" "i!' .-1 * ° MIN [ SEATING LUE }. = 60 Hz SINE WAVE ~~~~~~~ PLANE .003 DIA.1' 2N352~1 ' -~Ni'9211 2N3228.340=-.~ 10 VA 1 rOI•--lI • to I DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR TYPES 2N3528..66 '6 \.

2N3S2S. 2N3S29. AND 2N4102 [~J PIN 1: CATHODE PIN 2: GATE PIN 3: ANODE (CONNECTED TO CASE) . AND 2N4101 ANODE TERMINAL (CASEl PIN 1: GATE PIN 2: CATHODE CASE: ANODE TERMINAL DIAGRAM FOR TYPES 2N3S28.TERMINAL DIAGRAM FOR TYPES 2N3228.

max.J. tr Fusing current (for SCR protection): = 0.5 amperes and have voltage ratings (VDROM) of 100. On-state current: TC = 75°C..IGT = 200 mA. 0 ms. range:- Operating {case) Pin temperature (durIng soldering): For 10 s max. Non-repetitive .S max . For more than one full cycle of applied principal voltage --------- -------See Fig.5. . and 600 volts.3 Fig. Temperature Storage.oocram Solid State Division 4.4 -------- Rate of change of on-state current Vo "VOROM.J Peak reverse Average (averaging time = . sinusoidal. Average . .52400M (40945)* These SCR's have an rms on-state current rating (IT [RMS]) of 4. For other conditions Peak surge (non-repetitive) ITIRMS) ---------- 4.3 -------- -----------------See on-state current: For one cycle of applied principal voltage 170 --------- 50-Hz. sinusoidal. peak reverse voltage· Gate open. RepetitIve peak reverse voltage'" Gate open.52400A (40942)* 52400B (40943) * 52400D (40944) * ..5 --------- 'T(AV) 3. Typical applications are ignition service. .t = 1.8 -------- 0. (pins and case) . . 200.l .5 to 10 m. and other capacitive-d ischarge systems. See footnote on next page. conduction angle = 1800 RMS. Non-repetitive peak forward voltage· Gate open.ECASE) \ Low-Voltage Operation 120-V Line Operation 240-V Line Operation High-Voltage Operation Features: CATHODE IPIN 1) • Shorted-emitter gatecathode construction • Forward and reverse gatedissipation ratings • Low forward voltage drop at high current levels • 200-A surge current capability • Low switchi ng losses • High di/dt and dv/dt capabilities These RCA types are all-diffused silicon controlled rectifiers (reverse-blocking triode thyristors) designed for high-peakcurrent low-average-current applications. Gate power disslpation:Peak forward (for 1 J. (SeeF'9·121 ------------------ --------- 40 --------See Fig.5 -------- . ---------200 6O·Hz. 400. Repetitive peak off-state voltage'" Gate open .Ampere Silicon Controlleo Rectifiers For Capacitive-Discharge Systems ~P~~~) 1 --] For For For For ~~~~. crowbars. .5"' TJ = ~40 to 1000C.

TC = 250C. LIMITS CHARACTERISTIC For All Types SYMBOL Min. initial principal current ~ 150 mA. IGT = 200 mA. Thermal Voltage: voltage rise. Turn-Off (See Fig. T C = 750C = 50 ps.14 Critical Rate of Rise of Off-State Vo = VOROM.These values do not apply if there is a positive gate signal. exponential gate open. R L = 30 fl.5 ps tq - 20 40 ps For other conditions DC Holding Current: Gate open. Gate must be open or negatively biased . DC Gate Trigger Vo mA See Fig. tr = 0. T C ~ 250C For other conditions Gate·Controlied (Delay Vo Time Turn-On = VOROM. • Any product of gate current and gate voltage which results in a gate power less than the maximum is permitted . Current: (Gate open. 10 dv/dt 100 - - 40 Vips See Fig. Vo 8 See Fig. RL = 30 fl.l0 Current: Vo = 12 V (de). Peak Off-State UNITS Typ.6 + Rise Time) iT ~ 30 A (peak).1 ps.2 3 Reverse at VR ~ VR ROM IROM - 0.15 Resistance: Steady-state Junction-to-case ROJC - Junction-to-ambient ROJA - I~~----- "T IHO ----1' LiDO "(BOlO I I I Iv I DSOM I VOROM 5 °CIW . Max.Footnotes for preceding page . • Temperature measurement point is shown on the DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE.9 See Fig. Time: IGT = 200 mA.ll) Time: iT ~ 18 A. T C ~ 1000C) = VOROM 100M - 0. dv/dt ~ -30 9 See Fig. pulse duration = 20 V Ips. TC = 250C IGT - I I 15 mA IHO - I I 20 mA tgt - 1. dildt Alps.1 2 v - 2.5 3 V VGT - 1.1 2 V Forward Instantaneous at Vo On-State Voltage: iT ~ 100 A.6 2.•.5 T Voltage: = 12 V (del. T C = 1000C. T C ~ 25°C For other conditions DC Gate Trigger See Fig. T C = 250C Circuit-Commutated ~ VOROM.

1 2 . " ...!Y· ~~ <.• 6 8 1 6 8'0 POSITIVE DC GATE TRIGGER CURRENT CIGT)-A 9255-4466 ." W~ "'~ ..5 I INSTAI\lTANEOUS 1·5 ON-STATE Z Z5 VOLTAGE lv.o~~ ~5 ~> in"..•. I" 5 .. 4 .' ° ~~ •..oo 5~ W ~ ~ ~ (Te ~ f"" 50 ....10 COIIIOUCTION ANGLE ~.STATE RATED VALUE ~Hl ~-.. fg ~ . 150 0. . 6 80...:." ••• 0 ....•.. GAT~ CIO~TROlIMAY' l~S+ DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEAlED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED '-....)-V 9lCS-19959 > 1..........? • 0 ..>< ... •..... §! ""'- ..... -- 0 0..': b.0 2 I ~ z ~~~DOR~_S~~:~VEE CURRENT [IT(RMSJ]~45AI W ''"" " 25 ~ 200 0 W AT CASE TEMPERATURE j- 75-C I ek 0 .• UPPER LIMIT OF PERMISSIBLE 2 AVERAGE (DCI GATE POWER DISSIPATION AT RATED CON 01 " ITiONS....-~.~f?' !J.~ ~ ~ ~ 0 0 • '" ~ 3 :? Boo.. TO STEADY .. 8 6 OW :.0 ~ ~?..

I ~t9t---1 I r-~' vGT 0- l I 1 _IO'Y.13-Relationship Fig.6 0.--- o-L-j_ _ r'd---ttrL. POINT --------- Fig. and gate-trigger voltage showing reference points for definition of turn-on tir. on-state current...12-Rate of change of on-state current with time (defining dildO.0. I I I I I t I o_L:_ ---:-r --- !:E90~.4 02 REvERSE GATE CURRENT IIGTR)-A 92CS-13360R3 .1e (tgt). I o-L _ I Vo . . I /--- I Olld! In•• I roNT 1_1. between off-state volt- age.

mounting· hardware policies may differ. 0.524 11.!.27 mml MAX."'.NUTS@ In the United Kingdom.~U{~~I~~~USHINGS s---- SHOULDER DIA. Pin 3 . Middle East. •••BLEAT PUBL'SHED 2 LOCK WASHERS WASHERS ®} ~ NOT ~ FROMRCA MilLIMETERS MIN.51 0.~. pRe Fig. 15-Rate of rise of off-state voltage with time (defining critical dvldtJ.:O.86 .45 3.0. - ..0 . NOTES MAX.444 0.63~ dl I Fig.28 13.. MAX.b F H4IlOW4R£PRICES 2METAL FOR TYPES ~f::~:~:.6·32 NOT/llVA'LA6U FnOMRC/ll .650 13.330 6.033 0....136 - 8. and Africa.Cathode Pin 2 . 14-Relationship between instantaneous onstate current and voltage showing reference points for definition cuit·commutated turn-off of cir- time (tq).'u"'.838 0."'" E> ~:~1~NSULATOR ee e ~ H/llROW/llREPRICES _ 0 6 G {~~~~~~K INCHES SYMBOL e 495334-1 (-3 ~. Pin 1 .360 P 900 NOMINAL . 11..18 - 4VA'L/llBL£ 2HEX.050 /llV/llIL In.550 0.::"./dt ~ / i."'" o ~ OUTLINE S2400 SERIES JEDEC TO-S 0..027 0.146 3.97 16.270 0.38 0.14 11..Gate Case. 0.CRITICAL d.Y••Lg~:." ~~~~D~6R3i~~~~~'= 0.440 9. MIN.Anode - -. DIMENSIONAL i~ ~ /U-U- 2SCREWS.31 L 0..71 0. A 0..115 - 2.92 0. - - . Europe. check the availability of atl items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.686 .

REPETITIVE S2600M S2610M S2620M PEAK FORWARD VOLTAGE" Gate open. in capacitor-discharge or magneto 52610D ignition types) for internal combustion and high-voltage generators. 52620D have integral heat spreaders. 52620B (40657)'. uses are power-control 52610B (40654)'. 52610. and surge capability power-switching and control applications. (40835)' (40656)'. Power Crowbar. NON-REPETITIVE up to 250 500 700 V 250 500 700 V 200 400 600 V 400 600 V 100 85 A A 100 A PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE" Gate open. REPETITIVE S26000 S26100 S26200 PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE" Gate open. and 52620 • Forward and reverse gate ratings • High dv/dt • • LC'w switching losses II All-diffused center gate construction Low leakage currents. Power Control. VDROM = 1800)_ PEAK SURGE (NON·REPETITIVE) ON-STATE CURRENT: For one cycle of applied principal voltage 60 Hz (sinusoidal) 50 Hz (sinusoidal) 200 See Figs. and reverse capability and power-switching (40659)'. Absolute-Maximum Values: For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Frequencies 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load.1 %. (reverse-blocking ignition systems. both forward • Low thermal resistance • • Low forward voltage drop at high current levels High pulse-current capability for capacitor-discharge • Sub-cycle series are three-junction. and S2620M (40834)' and 52610M circuits.OO(]5LJ[] Solid State Division S2600 S2610 S2620 Series 7-Ampere uLow-Profile" Silicon Controlled Rectifiers For Power Switching. all-diffused. 100 100 RATE OF CHANGE OF ON-STATE CURRENT: VDM = VDROM. 100 85 For more than one cycle of applied principal voltage PEAK REPETITIVE ON-STATE CURRENTi- 100 85 See Fig. 20 IJ. . 52600B They systems engines. T C = 75°C Pulse duration = 51J. igniters. IGT = 200 mA. have integral heat radiators.). Other have a three-lead 52600D (40655)'. MAXIMUM RATINGS. RMS ON-STATE CURR ENT (Conduction angle . 7-11 ITIRMS) ITSM . NON-REPETITIVE S26006 S26106 S26206 PEAK OFF-STATE VOLTAGE" Gate open. low-profile and 52600M package (similar (40833)' to the JEDEC may (battery electronic be used circuits (40658)'. 12 (See Fig_ 21): Duty factor = 0.5 jJS ISee Fig_ 1) 200 A/jJs . silicon controlled rectifiers triode thyristors) for capacitor-discharge high-voltage generators. tr = 0.s(min. and Ignition Applications The 52600.) .S(max. ignition curve TO-5).

. a 60/40 solder should be used. S2600B S2610B S26208 For Operation with Sinusoidal Supply Voltage at Frequencies up to 50160 Hz and with Resistive or Inductive Load.. PRGM PG.. Case heating time should be a minimum .. . single pulse.CAV) 40 40 --- 40 See Fig. see dimensional outlines.5 RANGE': . 10 IlS square pulse. .-----. t When rms current exceeds 4 amperes (maximum rating for the anode lead). LEAD TEMPERATURE .l PEAK REVERSE AVERAGE (averaging time = 10 ms.. terminated. NON·REPETITIVE SUB-CVCLE S26000 S26100 S26200 S2600M S2610M S2620M SURGE CURRENT: TC = 250C. or have negative bias.. 'For information on the reference point of temperature measurement. -These values do not apply if there is a positive gate signal. 14 --- 0. to allow the solder to flow freely.. ..5 0.. Vo oJ_-. . ·When these devices are soldered directly to the heat sink.MAXIMUM RATINGS. GATE POWER DISSIPATION": PEAK FORWARD IIor 1 ." PGM . "Any values of peak gate current or peak gate voltage that yield the maximum gate power are permissible.--. IGT = 50 mA.. (Cont'd).----- sufficient .) TEMPERATURE Storage Operating ". Gate must be open.. lOuring soldering)": For 105 max. connection must be made to the case.5 0. for case or leads . max. (case) . max..

17 OF OFF-STATE Vo = VOROM Exponential rise. 5) THERMAL RESISTANCE: Junction-to-Case .. MAX.. TC = +100oC (See Fig. TYP. DC GATE TRIGGER CURRENT: Vo = 12 V (DC) RL = 30 n IGT TC = +250C . iT = 2 A Pulse DuratiOn = 50 J1S dv/dt = 20V /J1s. For other case temperatures.65 For other case temperatures.. ReJC - ReJA - - 120 - ReJHS - - - - 5 (S2610 Series) Junction-to-Heat Spreader (See dimensional outline) I - I (S2620 Series) °C/W 7 . 18 VOLTAGE: . iHO - dv/dt 20 200 tgt - 1 2 tq - 15 50 9 20 See Fig. = VRROM INSTANTANEOUS mA ON-STATE VOLTAGE: For iT = 30 A and TC = +250C ·. ·.05 0. - 0.9 2. 0. enes c-nvn CHARACTER ISTrC - 1. HOLDING . . . .1 0.5 See Fig. di/dt = -30A/J1s - 15 - 5 - 30 IGT = 200 mA at turn on. TC = +750C (See Fig. . CRITICAL - 1. - 20 200 - V/J1s 1 2 - J1s 50 J1S GATE CONTROLLED TURN-ON TIME: .5 - 0. 4) CIRCUIT COMMUTATEO TURN-OFF TIME: VD = VOROM. RATE-OF-RISE I CURRENT: Gate Open and TC = +250C . 16 VOLTAGE: Vo = 12 V (DC) RL = 30n VGT TC = +250C .9 2. MIN. VR. . For other case temperatures. MAX. · . . Vo = VOROM . See Fig.5 0. INSTANTANEOUS . Junction-to-Ambient ·. 3) · .1 J1S rise time TC = +250C (See Fig.5 A Vo =VOROM IGT = 200 mA.iT = 4..2 1. TC = +100oC) FORWARD.6 - 1.. ·. 100M REVERSE. TYP.5 vT - 1.0.. (See dImensional outlines).5 V 9 20 mA PEAK OFF-STATE CURRENT: (Gate Open.. S2610 Series S2600 Series SYMBOL Ie UNITS S2620 Series MIN. 0. DC GATE TRIGGER · .65 1. .5 IROM - 0.6 V - 6 15 - 6 15 mA 0.1 1.

6-Power dissipation vs.u ~ x I ~ 100 I- •• VT CURRENT WAVE FORM: SINUSOIDAL ~ LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONCUCTION ANGLE a 180· IL./ . ~ .. ~ EOl80 "..CRITICAL dv/dt ~ .'... I VRSOM----i ~VRROM *:0.L '":'":> ..63-ft" RC I In I di/dt VS" 'T"--M -~ I I I 50%IRM I-t--. 3 .-u ••••1- co . V I 1'" _ Md' HEAT SINK MOUNTING ARRANGEMENT 18J_C=5°C/W) Jt: SO~ER ".• 40 ~ ::> . ~ 2 AVERAGE 4 ON-STATE 6 CURRENT 8 [I TtAVU 10 - A 92LM-\\54R2 Fig. SEE DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE. on-state current.LLL. PG.''"" '0 'R I 1 --I r'n 20 HEAT SINI( EPOXY ADHESIVE POINT OF TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT.. 7 .-----j __ v0 __.. 60 .. l.

MA~ (1.5 ON -STATE VOLTAGE 3. '" . HEAT SPREADER =~~~T~t~I<°~THERMAL ~~~I~J:~CSEpRJ~ANJJkO~.. r--. "" lt~ I"'\. ~~~~~ROR POINT OF TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT lr~ 92SS-3885R2 Fig.0625~.0 INSTANTANEOUS 92C5-19037 Fig..) 8-Maximum allowable case temperature VS.. It-Maximum allowable ambient temperature v.. '":> => :> 25 x 50 25 x '":> '":> 9255. HEA~ SPREADER THYRISTOR WITH INTEGRAL HEAT RADIATOR MOUNTED ON A CIRCUIT BOARD BJ-A :. •• ~.-'" '" ~ ~ . on-state current for S2610 series.-u oj 50 ~ ~ I CIRCUIT. 92SS-3886R2 Fig..~ O.5 2.. CURRENT WAVE FORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE . I'\.180· 7.l. on-state VOltage for all .J-I 75 "'. on-state current for S2620 series. z"..s..' :. surge current duration for all types. SUPPLY FREOUENCY ~ 50/60 Hz (SINE WAVE) CASE TEMPERATURE ~ 60° C LOAD: RESISTIVE REPETITIVE PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE (VRRM)~MAXIMLN-RATED AVERAGE ON-STATE CURRENT [IT(AV)]-MAXIMUM-RATED VALUE __< 100 ~I i=~ ~ 80 ~E "'.. on-state current for 2600 series.0 2.. CURRENT WAVE LOAD: RESISTIVE CONDUCTION FORM: SINUSOIDAL OR INDUCTIVE ANGLE· 180· I. OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEADY-STATE RATED VALUE.<.0 (vTI-V 92LS-1l50RI Fig_ 13-lnstantaneous types. on·state current for S2500 series. "".BOARD MOONTiNG ARRANGEMENT ·J_A'''"C/ ~ mil/mum==} L. ATTACH THERMOCOUPLE TO THYRISTOR CASE THROUGH A SMALL HOLE ~l15 ~~llrr-----' CURRENT WAVE FORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE . 30· C/W IN THE .0·C/W) FOR TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT.~ HEAT SINK MOUNTING ARRANGEMENT CURRENT WAVE FORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE a 180· '"='"> .'" ~ -. ORILlEO IN THE HEAl SINK. ATTACH THERMOCOUPLE TO HEAT SPREADER THROUGH A SMALL HOLE DRILLED HEAT SINK.(F?M~ _" (~~ I o II.180· lJJ 15·CI".3883R2 Fig.'z '\ 60 ~~ "'u '""'''' 40f---- 60 Hz =>>- "'0. 20 0 I--- 50 H. NOTE" 92SS-3BB4R2 Fig._c::: SO~~ER EPOXY ADHESIVE ~ HEAT SINK 100 POINT OF TEMPERATURE NOTE: "'u u. t2-Peak surge on-state current vs.- 18..<~ '":> i Ct: ~ MEASUREMENT FOR TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT.. VALUE GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL. on-state current v. "'\. 1.587mm) 100 .~ 1. 9-Maximum allowable ambient temperature vs. to-Maximum allowable heat-speader temperature vs.s.

1 POSITIVE 2 4 GATE-TO-CATHODE 6 8 I Z TRIGGER 6 CURRENT 810 2 (tGT)-A 92SS-3888RI Fig. (SEE FIG. (.-\> @ A'J." "'oJ -30 ~~ ~ t5 > w •.2 W .. -202: (0 w "'''''04() ~ 1: -If.". 60 92SS-3889RI IGT (SEE FIG. 15-Gate -40 -20 0 20 40 CASE TEMPERATURE ITCI-·C pulse characteristics for forward triggering mode.s'~5!.<l: ::: -SO ~ > ~m~~~CUlT" . 16 17) e. 0.. -10 > I ffi Jf ..MAXIMUM SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT ~MINIMUM (' "'(.. -40 .. 20 FOR VALUES) .RAGE _" GATE POWER LIMIT' 0.....0 GATERESISTANCE () (. ~. ~OLTAGE w 0: -60 2 UPPER LIMIT OF PERMISSIBLE AVERAGE lOCI GATE POWER OISSIPATION AT RATEO CON ITIONS. ~~~ ::..~ (."". .' 4 6 80.(/1t~ 4-1- .".-If. .

72 7.040 0.. MIN.55 0.. l .21 25. AT"O"CURRENn 92C5-'9039 . I . 16. MIN.45 1.SINE -WAVE PULSE ( NON-REPETI TlVE) SINGLE H~~iE~ BLOCKING VOLTAGE DURATION NO REAP SQUARE PULSE..39 Dla.77 10.875 0.747 2.062 1.32 0. I ~i . 10m. MAX.998 0.188 0.745 0.40 5.4 10. 0.40 < w wlCURRENT~ i:' 80 10 @I 100 90 ~-« .40 0.094 Dia.687 0. h.R.320 .J900Rl 0.048 MILLIMETERS NOTES MAX. I .070 in. 3 leads.22 0. (1.50 -l.52 118~03 13.035 C. I " DUTY FACTOR 10 -IOURATIc.75 1.96 0.i '"z Ui '" ~ > ~I r (Tel: 25°C .75 0.31 3.95 0.450 17.048 0. Two holes.78 Measure d at bottom of heat .'''PULSEDURATION REPE rmON INTERVAL ("J '" 30 1 . 0.•...923 22.02 4.32 22. Min.55 I 4.57 25. factor for the Igmtfo .22 1. NOTES - 1 1 2 J .:- J I 20 I PULSE I .ole55 nickel IlnlS.1 .1 MAX.219 NOTES: 1. ted-circuit ded hole size or pnn mm) dia..493 2.1 NOTES: 1.177 22. z ~ 60 ~~ ~I ~G ~~ " ~ ~1 "'" s~~~~7\ -r-- ~ J 50.2~E". 80.362 1. 2. MilLIMETERS 1.002 0.0 0.055 0.~~:ERATURE 100 11: . is 0. 2. 0 Ims 4 1 2 4 6 100~s SURGE CURRENT PULSE DURATION <SEC>(MEASURED 'O~... MAX. 2..885 0.052 -l 30.16 0.69 0. Fig.305 0.06 4.s '".225 - 0.. 2 BEHIND MOUNTING TAB) 0 TO-S PACKAGE WELDED TO HEAT-RADIATOR DIMPLED STANDOFFS 0{ HEAT RADIATOR (NOTE 1) ~PI INCHES SYMBOL MIN.. A D D1 E F F1 L o P o P.09S 0. length.156 0. I N N1 N2 oP L_o P. .413 1. ) vs.05 1. N Nl N2 ~ 1.02 0..83 Rad. cl " .r- • 2 4 6 8 6. I INCHES SYMBOL MIN.16 8. 0.14 I 0. Recommen 3.689 0.093 0.05 25... elect. 20-Sub-eycle surge capability.630 1.349 17.~~ ~u o~ .37 19..99 1.IOj'.'" 3~ 6 ~ "=•..05 24.12 3.406 A1 D Dl D2 D3 E E1 E2 F ... .61 18.755 0.205 0. radiator A L 1 3 3 plote boord 91SS.97 19. UNSAFE OPERATION ".71 0.905 0. 4 1 '10 DUTY FACTOR .s.235 0. 5.13 17. JJ DIMENSIONAL MOUNTING TAB (LEAD NO.00 31.48 7.170 0.295 0.•• .~ I X I100.58 19. ISJOO -'''' ~ j 6 ~~ -. duty k pulse current (repetltfve 21-Derating curv~ f?~ ~e~rcuit.PER CENT SS-3894 .072 Rad. DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR S2610 SERIES o?~ 0 OUTLIN E FOR S2620 SERIES 'J ~D~~ T~. 0.

Anode for 52620 SlNiBS (case . Heat Radiator .028 0.54 . . A low·mass temperatura probe Of" thermocouple having wire no larger than AWG No. REFERENCE POINT FOR TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT.180 '. diameter mounting arranflllmtlnt insulated from heat sink).15 0.78 2.06 4.SYMBOL .100 0 . 0.279mml. MAX.Anode S2610 SERIES Lead 1 . ~ b ~ies between seating plane and 1.210 '.Anode Lead 1 .0. of the actual device. 5t Paul. in actual diametM (Three LNdsI (25. Lead 3 .54 TRUE POSITION 2 '.iation oMthin the zone shall not exceed 0. Tab centerline.Gate Case.021 0..••• j 0. 25. 2.381 0 .Y. Minnesota.007 in.985 I 1.100 TRUE POSITION 2. 14761. or equivalent.015 25.533mmJ measured at the lUting plane of the device shall be within 0. (0. . (0.296 0.02 0. leads having maximum diameter 0. 0.Gate Case. MAX.045 0.035 0. 26 should be attached at the temperature reference point.••• 5 k 0. de· TERMINAL CONNECTIONS S2600 SERIES Lead 1 .51 • Scotch brand electrical tape No.178mml of their true positions relative to the maximum· width tab.017 9.5 L p 0.204 8.5 0. .Cathode Lead 2 .57 .reference point shOllld be used when making temperature measurements.737 1. Olean. ·CASE TEMPERATURE heat-sink larger than procedure MEASUREMENT The specified tempet"atur. May 1964.Cathode Lead 2 . Heat Spreader .007 0.366 9. (0. 7.021 in. The deviCI may be measured by direct methods or by the pp and pging scribed on pp dr~ing GS-1 of JEOEC public.323 0..33 • An epoxy such as Hysol Epoxy Patch Kit 6C. 5. . MIN. (TOTAL THERMAL RESISTANCE FROM JUNCTION TO HEAT SINK.78mmJ.035 0. N.012 in.017 0. 6 0. Measured from maximum 4..335 8.533 0. 0.355 0. or equivalent. This zone is controlled for automatic handling.160 0. Hysol Corporation.83 5.179 ••• Fig.14 3.- MilLIMETERS INCHES MIN.190 0.432 0. The v.015in.ltion 12E. Details of outline in this zone optional. ~or 2 drilled In 1 temperature temperature AWG (but measurement. 26) should not reference through) the thermocouple be Inserted the heat In II sink (wire small.. No. 10 ·C/W) NOTES 92SS-3898R2 A 0. 22-Suggested 5.711 0 .Gate Case.. 27 (thermo setting one side): Minnesota Mining & Mfg.7 1.029 0..Cathode Lead 2 . shallow at the I'tO hole Indicated point.0 . 3. Co. 6.

• Ratings and characteristics given for 2N4101 in ReA data bulletin File devices in the 5271 a series.527108. 1 .: < :.:w ~r25 :.JO:: -.: Heat Radiator 527108 (40504) 2N3228 527100 (40505) 2N3525 52710M (40506) 2N4101 HEAT FEET/MINUTE RADIATOR It ® RaJA' ® CD 0:: x without Heat Radiatar FORCED . No.:u < ° wi -. They are variants of the 2N3228. on-state current.: :. are ® ® © also 2N3225." The 52710 series is designed to meet the needs of many power-control and power-switching applications in which heat sinks are required but where the design of special cooling systems to achieve the full current rating of the thyristor is not warranted. 400 TO 1000 THYRISTOR WITH HEAT RADIATOR ?rz w and RaJA: 28° C/W ~ © RaJA: 40° C/W 20 o I AVERAGE ON-STATE CURRENT [IT(AvTI-A Fig. Thyristor with 9_5°C /W =i= B . and 2N4101. respectively. controlled-rectifiers three- having integral heat radiators. Thyristor The radiator printed-circuit design of these devices has tabs to allow board mounting and holes to allow chassis mounting if desired. junction silicon and 52710M are all-diffused.Jw 40 <"-:.Jw 60 <~ ~r0< -.Maximum allowable ambient temperature V5. applicable to the THYRISTOR WITH OUT II 80 in :.AIR COOLED. the 114 100 2N3228. 2N3525. 52710D.

62 0..22 1.32 1.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE JEDEC TO-66 WITH HEAT RADIATOR -2 MOUNTING TABS {NOTE 31 92CS INCHES SYMBOL MIN. W 0. A MIN.•. 0. •• llf lot pnnled<OfO.xl~lor '100J5lftI0889IC.33 13.38 ".102 27.37 0.52 1 Meelur.210 '.113 0.tiltbonomof"-l. 1.034 0.711 19.33 '..83 0.060 0. N3 N.47 0.820 C.94 33.65 1. ".83 23.620 0.370 0. 0. Case: Anode -13383R4 .99 0.327 32.87 14.028 0..29 0.40 9.89 27.452 11.864 .78 5.37 .97 5.297 1.190 0.RS 3.30 9.498 0..25 12.175 0.. " l N N.onpiated.(l11Sld'l Pin 1: Gate Pin 2: Cathode Radiator.75 0. MILLIMETERS MAX.546 0.U01 boIfd •• O.750 0.099 0. N.210 4.098 0..270 0.-cl hole .•• 0.R_.760 0.75 '.05 19.b 0 0.052 1.3as 0. 15.44 6.70 0.048 0.566 13.920 20. ..30 0. 1 12.070on.066 0.66 NOTES MAX.86 .55 7.502 0.

. high case temperatures These 5CRs and permitting can be used in lighting reduced heat-sink and motor-speed S2800A (40867)" S2800B (40868)" S28000 (40869)" 125 250 500 125 250 500 100 200 400 100 200 400 8 8 8 200 100 200 100 200 100 85 85 See Fig. AVERAGE (averaging time TEMPERATURE 16 . .5 RANGE': Storage Operating (Case) .•. Absolute-Maximum NON-REPETITIVE - High dv/dt - Low on-state ... max. and 52800D rectifiers designed currents.l in parentheses (e. NON-REPETITIVE ratings 16 0. control.. see Dimensional Outline. For one cycle of 60-Hz applied principal voltage For one cycle of 50-Hz applied principal voltage For more than one full cycle of applied pnncipal voltage RATE OF CHANGE OF ON-STATE CURRENT VD = VDROM. allowing operation at Values: . . = 10 ms max. Power Control. Soldering (10 sec.[JClcrBLJD Solid State Division a-Ampere Silicon Controlled Rectifiers For Power Switching. Gate must be open or negatively biased.5 .. . I. VOLTAGE" RMSON~TATECURRENT For T C of +80oC and Conduction Angle of 1800.Low thermal resistance construction . 10 ~s max. 7. and Ignition Applications Features: 52800A. 3) . VOLTAGE" REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATE Gate Open. high-voltage generators. 'For • information on the reference point of temperature measurement.g.. controlled 528008.5 . 13. Numbers 16 See Fig. -65 to +150 -65 to +100 250 ·These values do not apply if there is a positive gate signal. IGT = 80 mA. and power-switching systems. = 0.. 85 100 100 100 . resistor board PEAK FORWARD VOLTAGE" REPETITIVE PEAK REVERSE Gate Open.. Negative anode voltages make these devices revert to the blocking state regardless of gate-voltage polarity. GATE POWER DISSIPATION": PEAK FORWARD (fo..5 ~s ISee Fig. automotive applications. levels The unique plastic package design provides easy package mounting and low thermal resistance. IT(RMS) PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) ITSM ON-STATE CURRENT: For one cycle of 400-Hz applied principal voltage. provides rapid uniform reduced heating effects voltage at high current for mounting gate-current on a printed-circuit diffused spreading Gate Open.. for faster size. capability . contains an internally PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE" Gate Open.. .) PEAK REVERSE. 40867) are former ReA type numbers.. These off-state to on-state Glass passivated - 8-A (RMS) on-state - 100-A peak surge capability Shorted-emitter gate-cathode between gate and cathode - Center gate construction turn-on with substantially - Package design suitable are medium-power for switching ac reverse-blocking the - when current silicon and de thyristors switch from the both anode and gate the chip voltages are positive. MAXIMUM RATINGS. 4-Any values of peak gate current or peak gate voltage which result in an equal or lower power are permissible. 0. capacitor-discharge ignition circuits. 0.l.

2 ROJ·A - - 60 - - 60 - - 60 TIME: VD = VDROM . . . MIN.1 J1S rise time TC = +250C (See Fig..0 - 1. LIMITS CHARACTERISTIC S2800A SYMBOL MIN.5 ps tq - 10 35 - 10 35 - 10 35 ps ROJ·C - - 2.1 3 - 0. VD = 12 V (DC) RL=30rl TC = +250C For other case temperatures.2 - - 2. CIRCUIT S28000 MAX.. REVERSE TYP. MIN. iT = 4. 4. . S.. 10. 2. .1 3 mA vT - 1. °C/W .7 2. iHO -I .6 2. TURN·OFF tgt - 1.. HOLDING VGT CURRENT: = +250C . . At Maximum Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (TC) Unless Otherwise Specified. . For other case temperatures. . 0.1 COMMUTATED oj VOLTAGE: 7J aooe GATE CONTROLLED I -I 09 11:.7 2. UNITS MAX... S2800B MAX.5 - 16 2. Fig.1 3 - 0.. 14. . TIME: VD = VDROM.1 2 - 0. . TYP. T C = +1 For other case temperatures V See Fig.1 2 - 01 2 mA IROM - 0. . . iT = 2 A Pulse Duration::. .) 3001 dv/dt - 150 20 -I 10/ I TURN·ON 13001- 13012001- Vips See Fig. DC GATE TRIGGER VOLTAGE: VD = 12 V (DC) R L = 30 11 TC = +250C For other case temperatures INSTANTANEOUS IDOM VOLTAGE: DC GATE I RIGGER CURRENT: . iT = 2 A IGT = 80 mA.0 - 1.ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS..5 A. CURRENT: = +100 INSTANTANEOUSON·STATE CRITICAL TYP. . 5. TC = +750C (Se. TC FORWARD.6 2. .e Fig. di/dt =-10 Alps IGT = 200 mA at turn on. PEAK OFF·STATE (Gate Open.7 2..0 IGT - 8 15 - 8 15 - 8 15 mA 15 V 20 mA .1 THERMAL RESISTANCe: Junction-la-Case Junction-ta-Ambient . VR = VRROM For iT = 30 A and TC = +250C Gate Open and T C - 0. 11 VD = VDROM Exponential rise. .5 - 1.2 - - 2. See Fig.5 I 1- 10 1 101201-1 RATE·OF·RISE OF OFF·STATE (See Fig. . 50 J1S dv/dt = 200V/ps. CI 0 VD = VDROM (REPETITIVE).I 09 11. . 9 . .

d' ~ I '}-" Fig.63+ t" RC o V oJ_-. for definition of circuit- CURRENT WAVEFORM.' .------. ANGLE: 180· CASE TEMPERATURE: MEASURED AS SHOWN ON DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE 70 50 DC GATE 100 TRIGGER CURRENT o 150 2 4 AVERAGE OR RMS ON-STATE (lGTl-A 92C5-19058 6 CURRENT 8 [IT(AV) 10 OR 12 IT(RMSl]-A 92SS-3982Rl .I VRSO. showing reference points commutated turn-off time (tgJ. SINUS01D/·L LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION.0 V _ d. 4-Relationship between instantaneous on-state current and voltage.· I. --.----/-- I Int I di/dt VIO"T'-~ difd! I I I I ITM---I SO$ IRM r'" --ff-T-" I --~ 10 --...J.I'R I I VT I ----j __ . r~~-----~~---.----l :"-V RROM *"0.

8 I 468 10 NUMBER OF FULL CYCLES 468 100 IN SURGE 1000 DURATION 92LS-1351R5 .

3 .73 6.70 4.02 2.'" t-'" "'''' I<'J --.51 1397 15.025 0.02 0.040 0.62 4.04 1.265 4.39 6.28 7.575 0.045 0.600 0.B2 H (1.060 0.250 0.61 10.145 0. 1250 > ~~ ".055 0.97 12.REVERSE GATE CURRENT 03 ( I GR 1 - 02 A 01 AVERAGE GATE POWER LIMIT 1500 ~~ ".• F No.012 0.52 3. 0.64 0.Anode No.1 LI__ H \EAIlHG PLAHE A LQ? " F TEMPERATURE MEASURING POINT A b bl b2 D E El E2 . 0. MAX.141 Q 0040 0.0 500 250 0 20 a DIMENSIONAL 2 4 RMS ON· STATE 6 CURRENT 8 10 [IT(RMS~-A92SS'4163RI OUTLINE (JEDEC TO-220 AB) INCHES SYMBOL r-.04 9.12 5..300 0.160 0.07 0.055 0.77 8. NO..683 1.080 0.500 ¢P 0..143 14.135 L Ll 0.320 0.54 1.> U'" t-t1<'" u~ .395 0.58 3.410 0. MIN..57 2.Cathode Mounting Flange.582 1.180 0.020 0.120 0.385 0.35 3.04 .220 0.120 3.Gate MAX...2 .0 tooo 750 ".100 Z MI LLIMETERS MIN.24 10.03 0.365 0.020 0.190 0.41 9.51 5.31 1.1 .I "'= I<~ .

156 m.0. and Africa."wn" ""'" @ @ NOT AYAILA9LE fROM RCA SOlDERlUG~ HEXNUT @ In the United Kingdom.1m e ~.~~ MAX.CU •. 6-32 ~"'OT"'V""l"'8LEFROMRC'" ~ NR231A ~~~:~~GULAR METAL AVA'LABLE AT~UBLIS'HO HAROWilREPR. '""u. Europe.1.1450.:~~'::~\ItCE 6 (CHASSIS) •• •• ~ HEATS'NK 495334·7 INSULATING ~ @] e--- METAL lOCK WASHER WASHER HEX NUT BUSHING 1. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier. .00 mml ~~~~~~~1~2~1. ~ 0. • - OF103B M'CA ~ 'NSULATOR HOLE DIA "O. Middle East.Q SCREW. mountinghardware policies may differ.14.

Principal and cathode. 53700M have forward and reverse off-state of 200. and high di/dt characteristics. high dv/dt. They feature fast turn-off. and 53700M* are all-diffused threejunction silicon controlled rectifiers intended for use in inverter applications such as ultrasonics and fluorescent lighting. and 600 volts. 53700D. respectively.All-Diffused Silicon Controlled Rectifiers for Inverter Applications 53700B. • RMS On·State Current 5 Amperes at TC = + 600 C Forward and Type IT(RMS) @ Reverse Voltage TC = +600 C V A S3700B (40553)- 200 5 S37000 (40554)- 400 5 S3700M (40555)- 600 5 ANODE· TO·CA THODE VOL TAGE·CURRENT CHARACTERISTIC •• High dv/dt Capability - 100 V/IlS minimum • High di/dt Capabi lity 200 A/Ils • Shorted· Emitter and Center· Gate Design Removes restrictions on forward and reverse gate voltage and peak gate current Principal voltage is the voltage between lhe main terminals. Each of these amperes at a 53700D. and may be used at frequencies up to 25 kHz. current is the current flowing between anode . or forward. and voltage ratings devices has an rms on-state current rating of 5 case temperature of +600C. The 53700B. and called negative when the anode potential is lower than the cathode potential. Principal voltage is called positive. when the anode potential is higher than the cathode potential. 400.

. . . ....... .. .. ..•. . ... 12t Sub-Cycle for Fusing. . ...5 0. .. . .... .. . see Dimensional Outline.. .. ..Absolute-Maximum Ratings.. . ....1 ~s rise time ...3 ms .. .. . .2 A 5 5 5 A 80 A Peak Reverse Voltage.. <Case). . . . .. Average.... ....5 0. VRSOM Gate Open... . . . On-State Current: For case temperature of +600 C and 60 Hz Average DC value at a conduction RMS value.. angle of 1800.•. Operating T stg' ... ... Gate Power Dissipation* Peak.. 0.... and with Resistive or Inductive MAXIMUM RATINGS Non-Repetitive Load VALUES UNITS S3700B S37000 S3700M 330 660 700 V 200 400 600 V 700 700 700 V 3.9 On-State Current. 80 80 For more than one cycle of applied vol tage. . TC . . for 10 ~s P GM . For other conditions . Repetitive Peak Reverse Voltage. . . Forward or Reverse... .. . .. ITSM For one cycle of applied voltage . ... . for Operation with Sinusoidal AC Supply Voltage At Low to Ultrasonic Frequencies. ... ... See Fig. .ll . ..... For a period of 8. ... ..... ... VRROM .... ... Critical di/dt = Vmmo IGT = 50 mA.. . .. . . PG(AV) ..... . -40 to +150 -40 to +150 -40 to +150 -40 to +100 -40 to +100 -40 to +100 *Any values of peak gate current or peak gate voltage to give the maximum gate power are permissible..... .5 W °c °c Temperature:· Storage. . IT(RMS) . ..2 3.. _. ... . . . 13 13 13 W 0.. Gate Open Repetitive Peak Off-State Voltage. .. ... Critical 25 25 25 A2s 200 200 200 A/~s Rate of Rise of On-State Current. .. ~... . VDROM Gate Open. .. VOX rated value. IT(AV) Peak Surge (Non-Repetitive) See Fig. . .. ... .. duration....2 3. . ·For information on the reference point of temperature measurement..

Min... .5 - 1.7 - - 0... (See Fig. 50 ~s min.3) Circuit-Commutated Turn-Off Time.. ITM 2 A.... (See waveshapes of Fig..8 3. = IH +250 C Rate of Rise Critical . VRROM Instantaneous On-State Voltage. ITM = 2 A. .....3 1.3 1... ... . Min... Max... . . (Delay Time + Rise Time) t t g VOX = V(BO)O rated value..... and TC = +800 C .. ... V(BO)O Gate Open At T C = +1000 C ... Typ...5 - 0......5 3 - 0.7 - ~s - 4 6 - 4 6 - 4 6 ~s Current: Gate Open At TC = +1000 C Forward. .. (See Fig. VOO = Reverse.7 - - 0.... GT = 0 V at turn-off. diR/dt = 10 A/~s.... ...3 1. .5 - 1....1 ~s rise time.......... 200 - - 400 - - 600 - - V - 0.... and TC = +250 C .. <Reverse Recovery Time + Gate Recovery Time) VOX = V(BO)O rated value.... pulse width... IGT = 300 mA. (See waveshapes of FigA) = t q ...... . vT For an on-state current of 30 A and TC = +250 C .2 3 - 2.. .... .1 ~s. VRX = 80 V min. (See Fig..5 - 0.2) Gate-Controlled Turn-On Time.. Off-State UNITS Typ....2 3 - 2.. of Off-State dv/dt VOO = V(BO)O (rated value). Typ.S) Holding At TC Critical Valtage. rise time = 0. VGT At TC = +250 C .8 3. IRROM = . S3700D S3700M Max. and TC = +800 C . Max...... Voltage..Characteristics at Maximum Ratings (unless otherwise Case Temperature (T C) S3700B Min.. .. ~T = 100 mA at turn-on... VRO 100M V(BO)O rated value .. linear rise. Peak ancl at Inclicatecl LIMITS CHARACTERISTICS Breokover specifiecl).13! DC Gate Trigger Current. IGT At TC = +250 C . 0. dv/dt = 100 V/~s.S) DC Gate Trigger Voltage.5 mA - 2..2 3 V - 15 40 - 15 40 - 15 40 mA(dc) - 1..5 V(dc) - 20 50 - 20 50 - 20 50 mA 100 250 - 100 250 - 100 250 - V/~s - 0...5 3 mA - 0.. (See waveshapes of Fig.....5 3 - 0. Current..8 3...

Vox oJ_-.--.-----.----- r--------Vox j.o% POINT-I - I !----- di/d' - -~~~- I t I dV/dl~' I tgri ------J I I .

CURRENT t---- AVERAGE GATE DISSIPATION LIMIT GATE TRIGGER FOR INDICATED TEMPERATURE ..1000 C 1.~'" MAXIMUM CURRENT JUNCTION . = ·= 10 > : w 64 __ MAXIMUM ~~~~M~GMEG:OTREI~~:~~~~O JUNCTION TEMPERATURE Tj--IOOC .. ~\~"\ z 5 "'- lOOps " "'- 2 '" lOp.... --¥¥¥ OF POSSIBLE TRIGGERING POINTS FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES.•.. v . 6 PERMITTED PULSE FOR INDICATED FOR_ARO 4 WIDTHS PEAK GATE POWER ~ 0 .1000 C 6 8 6 0.AMPERES WATT "'~~ ~~~"'..:: MAXIMUM VOLTAGE AT WHICK NO UNIT WILL TRIGGER FOR Tj'" .0 -- 6 4 / 2 0./ / )of._./ .s RESISTANCE ITj) ~25° C ~ ~v GATE -- 0 0 5 A \'" 2 •.•./ .1 ~ K) ~ I ~ w MAXIMUM GATE RESISTANCE 6 I~ GATE·TO·CATHOOE 15 ~ 20 w ~ 2S ~ ••.-<' 1m.• - .• .5 ITjl _woe I I .25° C - <. """ 1"- 0..1 "- "- "- V • .1000 C Tj'" . - ~ ../ I".

• • 0. • .5 ON-STATE --t 2 VOLTAGE . CASE •• SOC!. RATED VALUE WAVEFORM •• SINUSOIDAL THERMAL IMPEDANCE.5 3 ('T)-YOLn 9'2LS-2344 .-l- r-h I I I I. . I I I II II . JUNCTION·TI). . II-L I I ~ I I II I I I' ~a40 I~ii III III I I :1. '\..IDTH AS INDICATED VORXN.1 ~ ~60 w~ PULSE HEIGHT •• 10 A (PEAK) PULSE .. I i' i~ ~ t. ~~ ~~ .MAXIMUM RATED VALUE _'0 ~~ ~1 ~! - H-.5 INSTANTANEOUS .Il~ ~Il o I 2 3 4 AVERAGE ON·STATE CURRENT [IT(AY)]AMPERES SUPPLY fREQUENCY •• 60 Hz SINE WAVE CASE TEMPERATURE PRIOR TO SURGE •• 600 C LOAD •• RESISTIVE REPETITIVE PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE (VRROM) •• MAXIMUM RATED VALUE AVERAGE ON-STATE CURRENT OT(AVl1. 1.zo I I i!! . 2..

8·kHz fJuorescent·/ight control '" ". 2 Strands 0. or equivalent inverter circuit. or equivalent ". 1/4 watt 6S0 Q. 25 V.01 tJF. or equivalent. 0. 100 V C5: 25 tJF. or equivalent R1• R3: 1 kQ. '5 "2 " 02 "5 L2 ".A4-04117. -- L. CF-60Z Material 05. 5 W R3: 200 Q. 8 pieces of Indiana General No. SIX eO-WATT LAMPS CONNECTED IN PARALLEL " ". 100 V C3• C4: 0. 6 A. 600 V 0.5 kQ.003 tJF. " D.-DC SCR2 L. 15. 1200 V <Ballast Capacitors) 0.15 Magnet Wire on Arnold Engineering Core No. 1/4 watt R2• RlO:~ kQ. "6 22 kQ.1S Magnet Wire N2• N5 .30 Turns of No. 1/4 watt 1. 1/4 watt 10 kQ potentiometer 10 kQ.13 Turns of No. 1/4 watt Fig. 8 cmZ N1• N6 .02 tJF. ". 1/4 watt Sprague Pulse Transformer type 42Z109. D2. 600 V Fast-Recovery Diodes.2 kQ. 600 V 1N574 32 >IH 131 Turns of No. electrolytic DI. "" 1'5 R4• R12• R15• R\7' R1S: R5• Rll: R6: R7: RS' R9' R13' R\4' R16: R19: R20: R21• R22: TIt TZ: Q1: RCA-4043S Q2' Q3' Q4: RCA-2N3053 c1• C2: 0. 0. Cross Section. 2 watts 5. 10 W T: Core. or equivalent D4: Motorola type 1M20Z1O. or equivalent Neon Lamp: GE type NE-S3.6 kQ. D3: Transitron type TIG. 1/4 watt 10 Q.1S Magnet Wire.Typical trigger pulse generator for 500·watt.01 >IF.52 Turns of No. .1S Magnet Wire. 1/4 watt 33 kQ.02 >IF. 2 Stranda N3• N4 . "6 SCRf C1• C2: C3: C4• C5: D1• D2: D3• D4: L1• L2: L3: R1• R2: 1.

83 Pin 1: Gate Pin 2: Cathode Case: Anode CIA HOLES (3.l .142 (533) 4.500 .~.470 r I:.152 .~e::.O) DETAILS IN THIS 075 OF OUTLINE ZONE OPTIONAL . 3..86) .190 .61 . 340 (B 64) t ('~I.107 093 272 ( 236 ) 2 MOUNTING 210 .

..M.. choppers.5 W W W to 150 to 100 . PIN TEMPERATURE lOuring soldering): At distances ~ 1/32 in. regulated 25 kHz.• is permitted A A .... (for SCR protection): T J = -40 to 100 C. • These values do not apply S3704M S3714M VRSOM . silicon con.l.D. ON-STATE CURRENT: S37D4A S3714A is a positive and gate voltage reference point. NON-REPETITIVE . -40 40 . °c biased.. A • AI!'s 13 13 0. 690 Thyristors [JU(]5LJD 53704A 537048 537040 53704M 537045 Solid State Division 53714A 537148 537140 53714M 537145 For Inverter Applications Features • Fast turn-off time-S J. .. .power supplies. 5 200 .S With Integral Heat Radiator H-1470A • Center gate construction .. • Any product 150 VRROM 0 PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) ON-STATE CURRENT: For one full cycle of applied principal voltage 60 Hz (sinusoidal) . (0. .• gate signal.S H-1340 JEDEC TO-66 ~Package 100 V Types To-66 To-66 with Heat Radiator S3714A..l TEMPERATURE RANGE:· Storage Operating (Case) di/dt 12t PGM PRGM 81 . Gat~ must be open or negatively which 5 3... Absolute-Maximum Values: NON-REPETITIVE PEAK REVERSE Gate Open ..2 See Figs....File No. For more than one full cycle of applied principal voltage • For temperature S3704S S3714S VOLTAGE:· . VOLTAGE:· . induction heaters.... 9) ... ... PEAK OFF-STATE Gate Open REPETITIVE PEAK REVERSE Gate Open TC = 60°C.. .. Average .. and fluotrolled rectifiers (reverse·blocking triode thyristors) designed for recent lighting.•.. • High di/dt and dv/dt capabilities • Shorted-emitter gate-cathode construction . less than the maximum • .. . °c °c 225 . 80 See Fig. These types may be used at frequencies up to inverter applications such as ultrasonics. PG(AV) . t = 1 to 8. . Tstg TC plane Tp . 2...• .8 mml from seating for 10 s max. cycloconverters.B. conduction angle = OF ON-STATE = 700 800 V 150 300 500 700 800 V 200 400 600 700 V VDROM 100 200 400 600 700 V 'T(RMSI 'TSM CURRENT = Peak Reverse (for 10 ~s max. MAXIMUM RATINGS. REPETITIVE PEAK OFF-STATE Gate Open .B. contains an internally diffused resistor between gate and cathode S3704A..M. For other conditions = S3704D S3714D S3704B VOLTAGE:· RMS RATE OF CHANGE S3714B VOLTAGE:· .. provides rapid uniform gate-current spreading for faster turn-on with substantially reduced heating effects 400 V Types 600 V Types 700V Types 53704A 200 V Types S3704B 537040 S3704M S37045 S3714A 53714B S37140 53714M S3714S RCA-S3704 and S3714-series types are all-diffused..4 . A . 11) FUSING CURREN"'.1 !'s (See Fig.•.. if there measurement 500 100 'T(AVI of gate current 300 VDSOM 180 VD VDROM' IGT 50 mA... .... Average (averaging time = 10 ms max.3 ms GATE POWER DISSIPATION:· Peak Forward (for 10 IJSmax" See Fig. .. . tr 0.D.. results in a gate power see Dimensional Outline.. See Fig..S max.3. .... 25 .

9 V Gate Controlled Turn-On Time: (Oelay Time + Rise Time) For VOX = VOROM...... . . IT = 2 A (peak)...... iT = 2 A. . T C Critical lOOM IROM On-State Voltage: iT = 30 A (peak).. . IGT = 100 mA. TC = 80°C (See Fig. Gate open.... = VRROM .. = 0 V (at turn-off).. .... ... ...... . ... .. .. . ROJC /-IS °C/W .3 3 1. .S OC Gate Trigger Current: Vo = 12 V (de). TYP........ .... MAX.5 - 0. . .. .... For other conditions . ...2 3 V Peak Off-State Current: (Gate open.. T C = 80°C . .... .. . . TC = 25°C .. .. Rate of Rise of Off-State iHO - 20 dv/dt 100 250 IGT - 15 50 mA Voltage (See Fig.. . TC = 100°C) Forward Current (100M) at Vo Reverse Current (I ROM) at VR Instantaneous Holding Gate open... RL = 30 n.. ... tr = 0. . ...S..8 13.. . RL For other conditions = 30 n........ . ..... . = 100 V//-Is.. . .... Vo I VeT - tgt - 0. . .. . 10) . . Junction-to-Case . .... .. - V/IJ. Resistance.... ..LIMITS SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC UNITS FOR ALL TYPES Except as Specified MIN..1 IJ. .. . TC = 25°C . T C Circuit VOX dv/dt VGT Thermal = IGT = 300 mA.7 to - 4 8 - 8 1.. ... ..-di/dt = -10 AI/-IS. 13) . 9 OC Gate Trigger Voltage: = 12 V (de).. Com mutated Turn-Off - /-IS Time: = VOROM.5 mA - 2. 12): Vo = VOROM' exponential voltage rise.. - 0. .5 See Fig... ... TC For other conditions Instantaneous = VOROM . vT I See Fig. ...... .... = = 25°C . .. pulse duration = 50/-ls...... .. ..... 40 mA See Fig. ... 25°C (See Fig....... ..... 7 Current: 25° C . .......... .

(81)0 ~ 10 _ ..! x "" 2 CURRENT CURRENT WAVEFORM.@ FORCED .<>0" ~~ "o. [ITIAVil-A SINUSOIOAL LOAO· RESISTIVE OR INOUCTIVE CONOUCTION ANGLE.. ® © THYRISTOR WITH THYRISTOR WITHOUT 400 HEAT TO 1000 FEET I MINUTE RADIATOR HEAT RADIATOR ? ~ ii5 . " ::>>"'" . 5' C/W I 8 \0 SURGE CURRENT 100 OURATION .AIR COOLED.. j ~ 60 '"« . 10 A (PEAK) PULSE WIOTH AS INOICATEO VORXM' RATEO VALUE WAVEFORM. JUNCTION-TOCASE. SINUSOIOAL THERMAL IMPEOANCE.CYCLES . I ~ <5 ~ 2 AVERAGE SUPPLY FREQUENCY" CASE TEMPERATURE LOAO • RESISTIVE 3 ON-STATE CURRENT[IIT(AVIU-A 60 Hz SINE WAVE PRIOR TO SURGE" 60° C REPETITIVE PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE (VRROMI' MAXIMUM RATEO VALUE AVERAGE ON-STATE CURRENT OT(AV)]' MAXIMUM RATEO VALUE PULSE HEIGHT.0 ".::> .

/ ~~"- .100 0 / c +250 1 ms "- C FOR INOICATEO JUNCTION TEMPERATURE Tj" 0.> .\c. -- 6 4 MAXIMUM .~I I ! GATE TRIGGER CURRENT _400 e.100° C ".0 CURRENT <.I C MAXIMUM VOLTAGE AT WHICH NO UNIT WILL TRIGGER FOR Tj. ('T)-V - - 4 PERMITTEO PULSE WIOTHS FOR INOICATEO PEAK FORWARO GATE POWER 11'<- \ 2 > '-? ~ ~ "' ~ 10 = 8= 6- '" '" '"~ 5 JUNCTION TEMPERATURE "- :./ V .u.1 lO."'~ ~~"i> "/' -----..I 4_...1 GATE-TO-CATHOOE 1. +1000 C 8 6 8 0. ~ E ~~~~~GMEGF~TREI~~:~~~~D f".0 0."\ .i "'./ V l~s Ti'" 40°C 2 '" .s -~ "- . 1001£1 +250 C 2 A (T.I'.5 WATT IT.- Ii MAXIMUM GATE RESISTANCE -- >- > ~ w > '" I ~ ~ '" ~ ~ ~ w ~ or (IGT)-A ./ 8 .5 0.-'l-~ AVERAGE GATE DISSIPATION LIMIT 1. ~ z ~ ~ ~ ~ >- 15 u S ~ ~ w or ~ ~ 10 0 1..5 INSTANTANEOUS 2 ON-STATE FOR VARIOUS 6 25 VOLTAGE 100 SHAOEO AREA INOICATES LOCUS 8 OF POSSIBLE TRIGGERING POINTS ~ TEMPERATURES..

STANDARD NQ. ------l I ~l'l I ------I Fig. ET(.-------. reverse voltage.204.:----iVDX L~~:OINT:::L- f-. /--- ditd.-l _ o ~VRX VRXM I I I I I I I 1- -----0 I I 'n --~--- 19.-----. SUPPLY SUPPLY VOLTAGE VOLTAGE ~II II~ * FOR ADD1TlONAL ON GATE TRIGGER REFER TO JEDEC INFORMATION CIRCUITS. L oj --.. and reverse current showing reference points defining turn-off time (tq). 13 .Rt-/ationship between off-state voltage.. on-state current. 7 SECTION 6. . I ITM--' r--------'ox -------.2.

600 V lN574 32IJH 131 Turns of No. 100 V C5: 25 IJF'. 1/4 watt ° R4. or equivalent. 1/4 watt Sprague Pulse Transfo:'mer type 42Z109. R.. 2. or equivalent . L2 N6 SCR1 Cl. R2 C5 N5 02 D. or equivalent R J' R2: 1. 8 cm2 Nl' N6 . 2 watts 5.02 IJF'. N5 . R7 R. R'2 D. 2 Strands N3. or equivalent D4: Motorola type. C5: D l' D2: D3. R.02 IJF'. D4: Ll.13 Turns of No. 8 pieces of Indiana General No. 1/4 watt 6S0 Q.. T2: 22 kQ.1S Magnet Wire. N4 . Cross Section. 1/4 watt 10 Q. R16: R19: R20: R21• R22: TI.6 kQ.30 Turns of No. --- C2 03 N2 C. 100 V C3• C4: 0.1M20ZIO. 2 Strands f-15O V DC O2 RS 0.S' R9' R13• R14. 03: Transitron type TIC. 600 V 0. C2: C3: C4.5 kQ. CF'-602 Material 05.2 kQ.+ ISOV DC r SCR2 LI N. 1200 V <Ballast Capacitors) 0. or equi. R12.52 Turns of No. C. 25 V. 1/4 watt 10 kQ potentiometer 10 kQ. 0.0031JF'. 6 A. 1/4 watt 33 kQ.A4-04117.15 Magnet Wire on Arnold Engineering Core No. electrolytic DI. C R. L2: L3: 0.1S Magnet Wire N2. 600 V F'ast-Recovery Diodes.va\ent Neon Lamp: CE type NE-83. R3 C3 SIX eo-wATT LAMPS CONNECTED IN PARALLEL N. IS Magnet Wire. 1/4 watt R2• RIO: ISO kQ.01 IJF'. R15• R17' R1S: R5• Rll: R6: R7: ij. or equivalent Rl• R3: 1 kQ. 1/4 watt 1.011JF'. N3 R. 0. 10 watt T: Core. 5 watt R3: 200 Q. C2: 0. l R" ' F?II Ql: RCA-40438 Q2' Q3' Q4: RCA-2N3053 Cl.

145 0.. <- ~51~s.863 15.UREMENT • -2 MOUNTING TABS (NOTE 3) 92CS-133B3R4 DIMENSIONAL JEDEC TO-66 OUTLINE FOR TYPES S3704A.962 0.500 0..40 20.red ~l OOllom 01 hNI r.94 4.33 13.360 0.190 0.142 0. C.620 0.38 0.452 0. "" ¢F .99 11. D.DIMENSIONAL Q 2 SCREWS.52 1 1 Me. Europe.034 0.711 8.43 8. .89 11.47 0.40 SHOULDER THICKNESS· OOSO '".62 '.350 0.052 1.35 0. ® WASHERS 2 LOCKWASHERS@ 2HEX.820 1.. MIN MAX.Main Terminal 1 Radiator .175 0.270 0.NUTS@ -- TEMPERATURE -I In the United Kingdom.075 0.NUTS@ 2S0LDER LUG~ 2HEX. -::.065 1.1 .028 0. N.498 0.920 1.. - 0.94 13. B.!In 3 RKOmmended hole "'e 0070 In.22 MAX. 0.37 33. mounting hardware policies may differ.29 12.750 0.~led 10< p<lnled-C"cull bo.w.. OF31A MICA INSULATOR e 00 M"".0. NOTES 15.33 2.864 19. = mmj 16. 0.65 27. " L .102 0. Middle East.27 9.470 0.65 1. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier. .64 0.028 ¢b ¢D ¢D.87 4.107 0.14 3.75 0.75 1.30 9.25 0.620 0.48 0.297 0.Gate Case/Heat Pin No.27 0. A '" D Dl D.83 7...210 0.546 MILLIMETERS MAX. and S JEDEC TO-66 WITH HEAT RADIATOR ~NOT"'V""l"'8LEFRO"'l~'" e '.32 0.37 5.72 1.44 6. (4_00 mm) 1.048 MIN." "V.050 0.55 0.83 2.250 0.91 1.590 11.385 0.156 SHOULDER m.70 5. N3 N.. M and S INCHES SYMBOL MIN.70 14.210 2 0035 NOTES In 10889) C R S.. and Africa.97 5.760 0.034 0. W MIN A 0.86 1.75 12.89 3.27 2METAL mml MAX. . .570 MAX.113 27.152 0.36 1.Ird IS .11.33 - - 14.33 1..68 14. B." 0. 0.78 23.30 0.83 32.711 19.2 .340 0.86 24.050 6.. M.05 9.958 0.448 0.502 0.327 0.093 0.370 0. '1 " L N N. 3. II 778l dl~ P.99 Pin No. 0250 U" CIA.210 0.Main Terminal 2 .190 0.61 24.••• 0. 6-32 OUTLINE FOR TYPES S3714A.566 0.099 0.060 112." 0 o ~ HEATStNK leHASSISI O 6 0> Ei> 495334-7 0 2 NYlON INSULATING BUSHINGS m.clIIlOl MilliMETERS INCHES SYMBOL 0. D.

value) beam JEOEC 00-26 current capability: to 1. They control the yoke current during the retrace interval. • Designed • Supply for off-the-line voltages: • Outstanding operation: 108 to 129 Vac performance SILICON CONTROLLED· RECTIFIER AND SILICON RECTIFIER COMPLEMENT and reliability B+ = 155 V 02600EF 026010F 02601EF For Horizontal Deflection Circuits of Large-Screen Color·TV Receivers • High picture-tube dc overage (max.OO(]5Lm Thyristors/Rectifiers S3705M D2600EF S3706M D2601DF D2601EF Solid State Division These RCA devices are silicon controlled rectifiers and silicon Irectifiers intended for use in horizontal-deflection circuits of large-screen color-television receivers_A simplified schematic diagram for rectifiers the utilization of these SCR's and silicon is shown below. controlling They silicon controlled-rectifier silicon provide the horizontal and the rectifier are the trace circuit bipolar switching action for yoke current during the picture tube beam-trace interval. The 02600EF (40644)*' silicon rectifier is used as a clamp in the trace circuit to protect the circuit components from excessively high voltages which may result from possible arcing in the picture tube or high-voltage rectifier. For detailed information on the operation of this new deflection circuit. The S3706M (40641) * silicon controlled-rectifier 02601 OF (406431* silicon rectifier and the are the commutating (retrace) circuit components. seeApplication Note AN-3780. 1-7/16" tages (nom.5mA picturetubes having deflection angles neck diameters.) • Can fully deflect to 900. The S3705M (40640)* 02601 EF (40642)* components. and 25-kV ultor vol- .

l I I I I I . see Dimensional dV/dl---.. O..----~-------o • I - tgri I I I VRX Outline. Dissipationo: Peak (forward or reverse) for 10 ~s duration Temperature Rangeb: -40 to +IS0 -40 to +100 Storage . a Any ·. Surge (Nan-Rep"titive) On-State Current: For one cycle of 60 Hz voltage. Critica I Rate af Rise of On. Operating (case) . power are permissible.alues b or peak gate current or peak gate For information on the reference point voltage of temperature to give the maximum gale measurement.. IGT = SOmA. ..' I I I :----.State Current: For VDX = V(BO)O rated value. IT(AV) RMS 'T(RMS) Peak SCR 600 .Trace Repetitive Peak Off-State With gate open Repetitive Peak Voltage With gate open On-State . Current: For case temperature of +600C and 60 Hz Average DC at 1800 conduction angle.I~s rise time Gate Power . Reverse Commulaling SCR Voltage ..

5 1. TC : 70°C .75 kHz..) IGT: 100mA(tp: 31'S. Typ. V(BO)O V(BO)O . 100M 100M 0.S3705M S3706M Trace SCR Min. Vo : 0 V (prior to turn on). TC : +250C DC Gate Trigger Current: At TC : +250C . dV!dt: 400V!l's (to 100 V). ROJC Circuit-Commutated Turn-Off Time: (Reverse recovery time + gate recovery time) Trace SCRAt ITM: 6 A (tr: 25 I'S.8 V (min. Commutating SCR Min.8 4 V(dc) 4 °C!W 4 ... VGT Therma I Resi stance: J unction-to-Case . Typ.. VR: 0. VGK(bias): -30V (68 [) source). VGK(bias): -2. 0.5V (47 [) source during turn off).5 1...2I's).. f: 15. sine wave 71'S base.2 IGT .. VR : 0.. VOO: V(BO)O rated value At TC : +lOOoC At TC : +800C . TC : 70°C ..8 4 1.8 V (min.. Breakaver Valtage: With gate open At TC : + 100°C At TC : +800C Peak Farward Off-State Current: With gate open. IGT: 100mA. . Vo : 350 V (prior to turn on). initial di/dt : 20 A!l's to 3 A)..5 vT 2.5 A!l's). f: 15. VO: 400V (reapplied at 175V!l's).• Instantaneaus On-State Valtage: For an on-state current of 30 A.2 3 V 15 30 15 30 mA(dc) 1. Commutating SCRAt ITM: 13 A (y. ... Max.. Max. tr: 0.).75 kHz. DC Gate Trigger Valtage: At TC : +250C .5 mA mA 3 2. di/dt: 2.

S3705M.S3706M,D2600EF,D2601DF,

File No.354

D2601EF

SILICON RECTIFIERS

D2601EF

MAXIMUM RATINGS:

Trace

D2601DF

D2600EF

Commutating

Clamp

Silicon Rectifiers
Non-Repetitive

Peak Reverse Voltagec.

VRM(nonrep)

700

800

700

V

VRM(rep)

550

450

550

V

IF
IF(RMS)
IFM(rep)
IFM(surge)

1
1.9

1
1.6

6.5
70

6
10

1
0.2
0.3
20

A
A
A
A

Peak Reverse Voltaged ..

Repetitive

Forward Current: d
DC .........
RMS ........
Peak Repetitive.
Peak Surge e ...
Ambient Temperature
Operating.
Storage .......

Range:
TA
T stg

Lead Temperature:
For 10 seconds maximum.

...........

••

-40 to +150
-40 to +175

••

255

~
~

°e
°e

°e

CHARACTERISTICS:
Max. Instantaneous
Forward Voltage Drop:
.......
At IF = 4 A, T A !o 75°C ....

vFM

1.3

1.3

2

V

Max. Reverse Current (Static): I
At Te = 100°C.
At T A = 25°C ......

IRM
IRM

0.25
10

0.25
10

0.25
10

mA
~A

Reverse Recovery Time:
At IF = 20mA, IR = ImA, Te = 25°C.

trr

1.1

1.1

1.6

max

~s

Turn-On Time:
At IF = 20 mA, Te = 25°C

..........

ton

0.3

0.3

0.3

max

~s

Peak Turn-On Voltage:
At IF = 20 mA, Te = 25°C

..........

5

6

7

max

V

C Pulse width
3 pulses.

=

10 J..LS, pulse

repetition

fate

:= 15.7 kHz,

For ambient
temperatures
up to 45°C and maximum thermal
resistance
from reference
point to ambient
of 4SoC/W, with
devices operating in circuit of Fig.l.
Pulse

width

At max.

peak

=3

ms.

reverse

voltage

and zero

forward

current.

f

125

ISO

=l=

S3705M, S3706M
JEOEC

l

340 (864)

.500
.470

(9

1

lSEATING~

14l-=----

~

nc •• " ~ n.

DETAILS
IN THIS

r

00-26

075

1194

t-~
360

JEOEC

r
[(m)
1

('~I:D)

250~

D2600EF, D2601DF, D2601EF

TO-66

.962 (24.44)
.958

CATHODE
LEAD
(NOTE I)

n

OF OUTLINE
ZONE
OPTIONAL

~

24.33

1.4 (35.56)
MIN.

i

.027-.036
DIA.
(69- 91)
POLARITY
SYMBOL
(NOTE2)

I

~

REFERENCE
POINT
FOR CASE TEMPERATURE
MEASUREMENT

~j

(478)
2

MOUNTING
.152
.142

ANODE
LEAD

HOLES

CIA (3.86)
. 3.61

.027-.036

1691-~9Il

DIA,

,

,.220-.260
(5.59 -6 .. 60l
DIA

2 PINS

g~:

OIA.

(.~i)

GLASS
INSULATION

<±>

+
Note 1: Connected
Note 2:

Pin 1: Gate
Pin 2: Cathode
Case:

Anode

1.4(35.56)
MIN.

92CS-14457R3

to metal case.

Arrow indicates direction
of forward
as indicated by de ammeter.

(easy) current

flow

Incorporatmg
ReA Solid State Devices In equipment,
It is
recommended that the designer refer to "Operating Considerations
for
ReA Solid State Devices",
Form No.1 CE·402, available
on request

When

from

RCA Solid

State

DIvIsIOn,

Box 3200,

Somerville,

N.J. 08876.

OOCTI3LJ1]
Solid State
Division

5- Ampere Silicon
Controlled Rectifier
For Applications
in Pulse Power Supplies
To Drive GaAs Laser Diodes

Features:
• High peak-current
capability
• Good current-spreading
attributes
• Symmetrical
gate-cathode
construction
density, rapid electrical conduction,
heat dissipation
• Controlled
minimum holding current
• Hermetic construction
• Low thermal resistance
Type

S3701 M- is a silicon

use in circuits
diodes.

A simplified

1. Detailed
RCA

circuit
Note

of a laser pulser

on circuits
AN-4469,

SCR

rectifier

pulses to drive

for RCA GaAs Injection

conventional

on-state
a laser

controlled

generate

information

Application

Supplies

The

which

intended
injection

is shown

of this

type

"Solid-State

for

pulses.

Therefore,

laser

circuit
cation.

is used to control

in Fig.

time,

ReA

type

a functional

test

the S3701M

The S3701 M SCR is designed
and delay-time

in a simulated
for laser pulser

pulser
appli-

turn-off

time,

characteristics

for the good current-spreading
necessary

to provide

high-peak-

current
pulses
to drive the laser diode.
An additional
significant
characteristic
of this device is its well controlled

and

voltage do not correlate with circuit performance
in
pulser operating
with extremely
short, high-current

• Formerly

current

is given in
Pulse Power

Lasers."

turn-on

for uniform
and efficient

holding current,
which assures operation
only
sufficiently
high to meet the circuit requirements,

at currents

T

40768.

CHARGING

MAXIMUM RATINGS,Absolute-Maximum
Values:
Case temperature
(T cl = 250C, unless otherwise specified

*

RESISTOOR_600V

DC

SUPPLY

~
Gate open

VDROM

RMS ON-STATE
angle = , 80°) .

CURRENT

roo,,"
PULSE

CURRENT
IpM
75

= 5000 Hz
Infinite heat sink, f = 10,000 Hz.
I nfinite heat sink, f = 1,000 Hz.

Free-air cooling, f

GATE POWER DISSIPATION:
PEAK IFor 10 ~s pulse)

Operating

V
A

.ITIRMS)

REPETITIVE PEAK ON-STATE
10.2 ~s Pulse Width):
Free-air cooling, f = 500 Hz

TEMPERATURE
Storage.

600

(Conduction

40
40

PGM

A
A

75

A
A

25

W

(Case)

'* NON -INDUCTIVE
ADJUST

RANGE:

TERMINAL TEMPERATURE lOuring soldering):
For 10 s max. (terminals
and case)

J
PULSE

Tstg
TC
TT

-40 to 125°C
-40 to 100°C
225

°c

RESISTOR

RESISTANCE
WIDTH

AT

VALUE TO OBTAIN 020j.<s
% CURRENT
POINTS

50

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
At Maximum Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (Tel Unless Otherwise Specified

CHARACTER ISTIC

LIMITS
Max.
Min.

SYMBOL

Peak Off-State Current:
Gate open, vD = VDROM, TC = 25°C.
TC = 75°C.
DC Gate-Trigger Current: TC = 25°C

-

IDROM

DC Gate'frigger Voltage: TC = 25°C
DC Holding Current:
Gate open, TC = 25°C
Tr = 75°C
Critical Rate-of-Rise of Off-State Voltage:
For vD = VDROM, exponential voltage rise, gate open, TC = 75°C
Source Voltage for Functional Test (See Fig. 2):
Ip = 75A, C = O.022!J.F, Rs = 2n, f = 60Hz, pulse duration = 0.21J.S,TC = 25°C
Thermal Resistance:
Junction-to-Case
Junction-to-Ambient.

UNITS

0.65
1.2

mA

-

IGT

-

35

mA

VGT

-

4

V

IHO

15
10

-

mA

dv/dt

200

-

V/!J.s

Vs

-

550

V

ROJC
ROJA

-

7
40

°C/W

-

0-550 v
VARIABLE
DC
SUPPLY

INCHES
MIN.

MAX

MIN.

MAX.

A

0.250

0.340
0.034
0.620
0.500
0.210

6.35
0.711

8.64
0.863
15.75

'.,h

0.028

D

Pin 1 - Gate
Pin 2 - Cathode
Mounting

Flange,

Case - Anode

MILLIMETERS

SYMBOL

D,

0,470

e
e,

0.190
0.093
0.050

F
F,
L

0.107

0.075
0.050

0.360

0.142
0.958

'1

'2

0.145

,

0.570

4.83
2.36
1.27

12.70

5.33
2.72
1.91
1.27

,

2

9.14

0.152
0.962
0.350

"p
q

11.94

NOTES

0.590

3.61

3.86

24,33

24.43

14.48

8.89
3.68
14.99

NOTES:
1. The outline contour is optional within zone defined by
2. Dimension does not include seating flanges.

<p 0 and F,.

Thyristors/Rectifiers
537025F
021015
537035F 021035
021035F

[KlCTI3LJ1]
Solid State
Division

Horizontial- Def lection
SeR's and Rectifiers
I

For 1100 Large-Screen Color TV

Ij

.JJ.
R

Features:

"*

Operation

Ability

to handle

high beam current;

Ability

to supply

as much as 7 mJ of stored

flection

from supply

voltages

yoke, which is sufficient

as well as 36.5 mm-neck
021015
021035
02103SF

between

tubes,

150 and 270 V (nominal).

average

1.6 mA de.
energy

for 29 mm-neck
both operated

to the depicture

tubes,

at 25 kV (nominal

value).

Highly reliable

circuit

which can also be used as a low-voltage

power supply.
These

ReA

circuit

such as that shown

The silicon
silicon
bipolar

types

are designed

controlled

rectifier
switch

for use in a horizontal

output

in Fig. 1.

rectifier

S3703SF

(408881*

and the

02103SF
(40890) * are designed to act as a
that controls
horizontal
yoke current during

the beam trace interval. To initiate trace-retrace
switching
and control yoke current during retrace, the silicon controlled
rectifier S3702SF
(40889)* and the silicon rectifier 02103S
(40891) * act as the commutating
switch.

The

silicon

rectifier

02101S

(40892)*

To facilitate
rectifier,
silicon
compared

direct

connection

S3702SF

across

and S3703SF,

rectifiers

021035

to that

and

of a normal

021035F
power-supply

TRANSFORMER
r---i
• I

COM MUTATING
SWITCH
1--- --,
I

For a description
of the operation
of SeA deflection
systems
see ReA Application
Note AN-3780,
••A New Horizontal
Deflection
System Using S3705M and S3706M Silicon Controlled
Rectifiers";
"An
SeA
Horizontal-Sawtooth-Current
Picture Tubes"; ST-3835, "Switching-Device

be used

each silicon

the anode

HIGH-VOLTAGE

ST·3871;
Deflected
System"

may

as a

clamp to protect
the circuit components
from excessively
high transient
voltages which may be generated as a result of
arcing in the picture tube or in a high-voltage
rectifier tube.

and High-Voltage
Generator
for
Magnetically
Requirements for a New Horizontal-Deflection

controlled

connections
are

reversed

rectifier

of
as

diode.

RATINGS,

Absolure-Maximum

CONTROLLEO

RECTIFIERS

MAXIMUM
SILICON

Non-Repetitive

Peak Off-5tate

Values:

COMMUTATING

Voltage:

Gate open
................................•..............
Repetitive Peak Off-State Voltage:

Gate open

....•..........•........•......•............

Repetitive Peak Reverse Voltage:
Gate open ..................................•.....•......
On-State Current:
T C = 60De, 50 Hz sine wave, conduction

angle

=

IT(RMSI
.

=

Peak (forward or reverse) for 10 /ls duration,
gate bias ~ -35 V ..................•....................•.
Temperature
Rangell:

V

25

V

against

transients

measurement

ELECTRICAL
SILICON

point

is shown

which

results

Transients

in a gate power

on the DIMENSIONAL

At Maximum

CHARACTERISTICS,

CONTROLLED

50

A

200

A/JlS

w

--40 to 150
--40 to BO

.

and gate voltage

A
A

25

above this value must be provided.

of gate current

5

max. reverse

Storage
...........•.................•....•.••.•....•....
Operating
(easel

-remperature

700

3.2

IT(AV)

For one cycle of applied voltage, 50 Hz
Critical Rate of Rise of On-State Current:
For VD ~ VDROM rated value, IGT
50 mA, 0.1 JlS rise time ......•.
Gate Power Dissipatione:

product

V

180°:

Average DC •........•...............•..........•......
RMS
.....•..............................••...•.•••..
Peak Surge (Non-Repetitive):

·Protection

750'

..............................•.........•......

T C ~ BOoC

-Any

SCR

S3702SF

generated

by arcing

may persist

less than the maximum

°c
°c

for as long as 10 cycles.

is permitted.

OUTLINE.

Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature IT CI

RECTIFIERS
LIMITS
SYMBOL

CHARACTERISTIC

S3703SF
TYP.
MAX.

S3702SF
TYP.
MAX.

UNITS

Peak Forward Off-State Current:
Gate open, VDO
TC = 85°C

= Rated VDROM

. ..... ....

Instantaneous

0.5

1.5

0.5

1.5

mA

2.2

J

2.2

J

V

IGT

15

40

15

45

.. .................

VGT

1.8

4

1.8

4

........ .... . .......... . ....

dv/dt

700 (MIN.~

tq

-

On-State Voltage:

= 20 A

iT

100M

. . .. . . . . . . . . . . .

TC

=

DC Gate Trigger Current:
TC = 25°C

25°C

. ... ... .. ... ...... . ..

.......

... .... .... .........

vT

mA

DC Gate Trigger Voltage:
TC

= 25°C ..... ... ............

V

Critical Rate-of Rise of Off-State Voltage:
TC

=

70°C

.....

Circuit-Commutated

Turn-Qff Timet:

TC = 70°C, Minimum negative bias
during turn-off time = -20 V (S3703SFI
and -2.5 V (S3702SFI
Rate of Reapplied Voltage (dv/dt) = 175 Vips
Rate of Reapplied Voltage (dv/dtl = 400 Vips
Thermal Resistance:
Junction-to-Case .

•••

V/jJ.s

700 (MIN.)'"

..... ....

..
..

,

....... .....................

.. ....

.... ..

R8JC

2.4

-

-

4

-

-

-

4,2

jJ.s
jJ.s

-

4

°C/W

Up to 500 V max. See Fig. 3.

This parameter, the sum of reverse recovery time and gate recovery time, is measured from the zero crossing of current to the start of the
reapplied

voltage.

Knowledge

of the

current,

the

conditions
(high line, zero-beam,
off-frequency,
Turn-off time increases with temperature;
therefore,

'NOrst

reapplied

voltage,

and the case temperature

minimum auxiliary load, etc.) , turn-off
case temperature
must not exceed 70o

e.

is necessary when measuring tq. In the
time must not fall below the given values.
See Figs. 2 & 3.

CLAMP
D2101S
REVERSE VOLTAGE"":

Non-repetitive peak"
Repetitive peak ....................•..•....•.........•..
FORWARD
RMS

.

CURRENT:

TEMPERATURE

.

3--

70
7

1"

LEAD TEMPERATURE

F(ji;O s maximum.

A

70

30

A

12

0.5

A

Tstg
TC

°c

TL

°c

°c

•••••:
• . . . . . • . . . . • . • • . . . . . • • . • . • . . . . . . . . . . •.

For ambient temperatures up to 4SoC.
For a maximum of 3 pulses, 10 J.ls in duration, during any 64 J.ls period.

Maximum current rating applies only if the rectifier is properly mounted to maintain junction
.•••. At distances no closer to rectifier body than points A and B on outline drawing.

ELECTRICAL

temperature

below 150°C. See Fig. 4 .

MAXIMUM

LIMITS

CHARACTERISTICS

SILICON RECTIFIERS

CHARACTERISTIC

SYMBOL

D"103S
D2103SF

UNITS

D2101S

Reverse Current:
Static
For VRRM = max. rated value. IF = 0, T C = 25°C ....•....•.
For VR - 500 V, T C = 100°C ......•..•.•.......•......

10
250

-

vF

1.4

1.5

trr

0.5

0.7

JRM

J1A

-

Instantaneous Forward Voltage Drop:
At IF

V
V

RANGE:

Storage ........•..............•..•....•....•.......•..
Operating (Case) • . . . . . . . • . • . . . . . . . . . • . . . • • • . . . . . . . . • . . . •.

-

3--

•••••.•.•......••...•..••......•..•........••....

Peak-surge(non-repetitive)"
Peak (repetitive) ..................•......................

*.

700
800

=

4 A. T A = 75°C

...............................

V

Reverse·Recovery Time:
'FM = 3.14 A.}\ sinewave, -<li/dt = -10
pulse duration = 0.94 J1S, T C = 25°C

A/J1s,

................

/1--r l
I

6A

I

:~n----

r---25~s----i

~2.4~s

I II

I

~ r-1q
+t!'
I I
II'
II
II
II
I

J1S

J/J

: :~~P~.j~D
I dv/dt

j..IO~S~t-

"I,I
175V/~s
REAPPLIED
dv/dt

.....

I
I

I,

I

I

I

400V/~s

I IREAPPLIED

: I: ',I't
lacv
MAX.

__

L I,
I

I

__

500V
MAX.

The SCA's and rectifiers can be operated at full current only
if they have adequate heat sinking. The procedure illustrated
in Fig. 4 should be used when mounting the SCA's. A single
aluminum

plate

made as shown

in Fig. 5 will

provide

adequate heat sinking for trace and commutating rectifiers.
Lip punching of the chassis at one end of the clamp plate,
makes it possible to mount the rectifier using only one screw.
S3702SF and S3703SF fit socket PTS-4 (United International
Dynamics

Corp.,

2029

Taft

St.,

Hollywood,

Fla.),

I

1.125

_.----('28,58)'----,j

or

equivalent.

.".,,"~ J.
s---

Q

2 SCREWS,
NOT

••.VAIL.

~r

6·32
•••ILEH.OMRC

••

0.312
(7.92)

ur

_-.1
~5~~;,------J

o

°

.

DF31A
MICA INSULATOR
SVPPLlEOWITHOEVICl

0

o

0

0

~cEHAAT~:~r

e

6

Q

::...

~

2 METAL

2 LOCK

WASHERS

WASHERS

2 HEX,

2S0LDER

NUTS

495334·7
2 NYLON

IN.5ULATING

BUSHINGS

1.0.·0.156 In. {4.00 mml
SHOULDER
CIA.
0.250 In. (6.40 mml
K

SHOULDER
THICKNESS·
0.050 Ifl. (1.27 mm) MAX.

®
@

@>

LUG~

2HEX.NUTS@

Fig.5-Suggested
rectifiers

In the United Kingdom, Europe, Middle East, and Africa. mountinghardware policies may differ; check the availability of all items
shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.

Fig.4-Suggested
sews

hardware and mounting

S3702SF and S3703SF.

arrangement

for

clamp plate and mounting
D2103S and D2103SF.

arrangement

for

DIMENSIONAL
OUTLINE
S3702SF,S3703SF

(JEDEC TO-66)
MilLIMETERS

INCHES
SYMBOL

MIN.

MAX.

MIN.

MAX.

0.340
0.034
O.62Q
0.500
0.210
0.101
0.Q75
0.050

6.35
0.111

8."
0.863
15.75
12.70
5.33
2.72
1.91
1.27

SEATING
0.250
0.028

A

~AHE

0_
00
00,

0.470
0.190
0.093
0.050

,
",

-

"

0.360
0.142
0.'"

L

4p
q

-

"

'2

0.570

11.94
4.83
2.36
1.27

-

-

9.1.
3.61
24.33

0.152
0.962
0.350"
0.145
0.590

TERMINAL

14.48

~~

,

2

-

3."
24.43

8.89
3."
14.99

CONNECTIONS

Pin 1 - Gate
Pin 2 - Cathode
Mounting

Flange, Case - Anode

DIMENSIONAL
OUTLINE (JEDEC DO-1)
D2101S, D2103S, D2103SF

POINT

A

LEAD NO. I

+b

POLARITY
SYMBOL
INDICATES
DIRECTION
OF FORWARD (EASY) CURRENT FLOW.
THIS POLARITY
IS OPPOSITE
TO ReA
POWER SUPPLY RECTIFIERS.

SYMBOL
¢b

INCHES

MilLIMETERS

MAX.

MIN.

MAX.

0.027

0.035

0.69

0.89

2

3.18

1

0.125

bl
¢D

0.360

0.400

9.14

10.16

¢Dl

0.245

0.280

6.22

7.11

¢D2

0.200

F

0.075

1.91

Gl
K

0.725

18.42

1

0.220
1.000

0
H

NOTES

MIN.

5.08

0.260

5.59

6.60

1.625

25.40

41.28

0.025
0.5

0.64
12.7

NOTES:
1. Dimension to allow for pinch or seal deformation
anywhere along tubulation
2. Diameter to be controlled

(optional).
from free end of lead to

within 0.188 inch (4.78 mm) from the point of
attachment

to the body. Within the 0.188 inch

(4.78 mm) dimension,

the diameter

may vary to

allow for lead finishes and irregularities.

Thyristors/ Rectifiers

[Jl(]5LJ[)
Solid State
Division

Power Integrated Circuits for Color and
Monochrome TV Horizontal Deflection
Application

Features:

• Operation from supply voltages between 150 and 270 V (nominal)
• Ability

to handle high beam current (average 1.6 mA de)

• Ability

to supply as much as 7 mJ of stored energy to the deflection

yoke, which is sufficient for 29-mm-neck picture tubes and 35-mm-neck
picture tubes operated at 25 kV (nominal value)
• Highly reliable circuit that can also be used as a low-voltage
power suppiy
The 53800 series are. all-diffused
that incorporate

power integrated circuits

a silicon controlled

rectifier

and a silicon

rectifier on a common pellet. 538005F (41017)", 53800MF
(41018)", and 53800E (41019)" are used as bipolar switches

to control horizontal yoke current during the beam trace
interval; 538005 (41020)", 53800M (41021)", 53800EF
(41022)",

and 53800D (41023)"

are used as commutating

switches to initiate trace-retrace switching.

HIGH-VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER

r-----,
I

TO
PICTURE
TUBE

For a description
of the operation
of SeR deflection
systems, see ReA Application
Note AN-3780,
"A New Horizontal
Deflection
System Using S3705M and S3706M Silicon Controlled
Rectifiers";
ST-3871,
"An
seR Horizontal-Sawtooth-Current
and High-Voltage
Generator
for Magnetically

Deflected Picture Tubes";
Deflection System",

ST-3835,

"Switching-Device

Requirements

for

a New Horizontal-

transients measurement ELECTRICAL above point this value is shown must be provided.2 3. M.. is measured from the zero crossing and the case temperature auxiliary case temperature load. line.Commutated TC TC Voltage: = 25°C DC Gate persist IDOM VDROM 0.2 3.2 - 4 - 4 ~s Resistance: R Junction-to-Case parameter. 50 Hz sine wave.. of the In the the given values. Peak Forward Transients on the DIMENSIONAL the sum of reverse recovery voltage.6 ~ 1.1 1J. conduction angle TC = '= 180°: Average DC ITIAV) RMS ITIRMS) Peak Surge (Non-Repetitive): For one cycle of applied voltage. V. 639 Absolute-Maximum RATINGS. D Temperature Range-: Storage Operating (case) ·Protection against -Temperature .5 On-State Rectifier.2 3 - 1...8 4 V Trigger 3 A Trigger V Voltage: = 25°C Rate 3 Current: of Rise of Off-State Voltage' = 70°C 8501MIN. and gate recovery the reapplied off-frequency. minimum time. S3800M F S3800S. SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC Gate generated OUTLINE.5 2.2 3.us duration.2 3.)· V/~s Time t: = 70°C negative Minimum Thermal bias during voltage negative rate of reapplied bias during voltage turn-off = (dv/dt) 175 turn-off (dv/dtl time = -20 V/JIs .4 'q - ~ - - 4. must etc. temperature. . IGT = 50 mA. S3800M. 0 .2 3. 50 Hz Critical Rate of Rise of on·State Current: For V = VOROM rated value. bias = -35 max. zero-beam. MF.2 3. reapplied worst 1. 8 III 800' 700' 750 Values: ~ Peak Off-5tate ~ en en c 0 0 en en en 750' 650' 600' 500' V 500 700 600 550 400 V 0 0 0 0 0 0 V 3. IT = 30 A Circuit. MAX. S3800E S3800EF. ~ 2. -8 V for S3800S.5 V. .w III !:l III 550' 650 0 w !:l :.). TYP. TC TC Critical TC 0. At Maximum Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (T c! CHARACTERISTICS. E..5 = 25°C VF = rate of reapplied This UNITS IF Minimum t for as long as 10 cycles. MAX. time = ~2. DC Gate may Current: Rated TC =850C I nstantaneous by arcing LIMITS S38005 F. conditions Turn-off time OJC Knowledge (high increases with time of the current. = VDO SCR.2 A 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 A ITSM 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 A di/dt 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 A/~s PGM 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 W Tstg -40 to 150 °c TC -40 to 80 °c en Non-Repetitive 0 0 0 0 en !:l 8 !:l Voltage: VDSOM Gate open Repetitive Peak Off·5tate Voltage: VDROM Gate open T C = 80°C Repetitive Peak Reverse Voltage: VRROM Gate open On-State Current: 6Qoe.6 IGT 15 40 15 45 mA VGT 1.I· dv/dt Turn-Off 850IMIN. ..53800 Series MAXIMUM File No. turn-off not exceed 700C. is necessary time °C/W of current when to the start measuring must not fall below tq.2 1. Off-State open. S38000 TYP. reverse gate V for S3800SF.Srise time o Gate Power Dissipation: Peak (forward or reverse) for 10. EF. voltage.5 mA VT 2. :. = 400 V/JIs . therefore.8 4 1. 0.

· 0.. . ... fROMRCA 2SOLDEALUG~ 2HEX.250 . Middle East. -r I 600v 2 SCREWS. of : all items i : .~T j " " ..lHOEV'CE 0 o 0 0 ~E::.NUTS@ } ~. and Africa..050 In 11. o OFJ1A MICA INSULATOR SUPl'LIEDw.[~ .NUTS@ In the United Kingdom..1:~" 6 e Q e ~ 2 METAL WASHERS 495334.n. ."0. check the availability sales representative or supplier. Europe.27 mil'll MAX. 1640mml SHOULDER THICKNESS '" 0.0011'l11'l1 SHOULDER OIA.7 2 NYLON INSULATING BUSHINGS I. ~ 6-32 NOT ••VA'lAaUFROMRCA if!7= 0 .I Q !:..14..156on. :. ® 2 LOCK WASHERS@ 2HEX....O. mountinghardware policies shown with your may ReA differ.

360 0.SEATING ~A"E REFERENCE POINT TEMPERA· TURE MEASURE· MENT INCHES SYMBOL A Ob 00 ¢O.48 3.500 0.145 0.590 TERMINAL MIN 6.034 0.350 0.075 0.470 0.863 15.620 0. 0.093 0.340 0. Case .91 1.958 ".050 0.36 1.94 4.89 3.570 L Op '2 - MILLIMETERS MAX.61 24. 0.190 0.72 1.962 0.99 CONNECTIONS Pin 1 .107 0.Anode NOTES 2 1 FOR CASE .35 0.68 14.142 0.43 8. Gate Pin 2 .70 5.27 F lange.152 0.028 0.27 - 9.250 0.75 12. Cathode Mounting MAX 8.83 2.64 0.711 ~ 11. " 'I MIN 0.33 14. .33 2.14 3.86 24.210 0. .050 - q 0.

Typcs TA2775. • All-diffused construction -assures formity ond stobility af characteristics • TA2618. The silicon verse-blocking TA2621. gate. and the 2N4103 for high-voltage power supplies . pJ ReA The 2N3668 is designed for low-voltage power supplies. They are intended for use in power-control and power-switching applications requiring a blocking voltage capability of up to 600 volts and a forward-current capability of 12. the 2N3670 for direct operation from 240-volt line supplies.RCA 2N3668*. dissipation rapid t exceptional uni· . respectively . is also Direct-soldered internal construction ceptional resistance to fatigue • Symmetrical form current efficient heat known as and a re- triode thyristor.assures ex- construction . 2:":3669*. silicon controlled-rectifiers (SCR'sA).provides uni- electrical conduction.Volt Line Operation 2N4103 For High-Voltage Power Suppl ies . and 2N3668 For Low-Voltage Power Supplies 2N3669 For 120-Volt Line Operation 2N3670 For 240.cathode density. 2. the 2N3669 for direct operation from 120-volt line supplies. and 2N4103* are all-diffused.\3670*. three-junction. controlJed-rectifier TA2598. • Formerly Dev.5 amperes (rms value) or 8 amperes (average value) at a case temperature of 800C. •.

for lO. . 1) Gate Power·: Peak. .. .. ..115 -4010·100 ·4010. .. . PGMi ... see Fig.. . . 100 100 100 100 . . .5 J.5 8 11.. ..5 8 11. ... .us duration. . . ... . Forward Current: For case tempelature (T C) of +800 C Average DC valueata conduction angle of 1800. ...3ms . . . . ... . .. iFM(surgd: For one cycle of applied voltage .. .. 10 100 See Fig. Terr. volls Peak forw31d Blockmg Voltage (Repelibvel..' S rise lime (See waveshapes of Fig. IFRMSe.perature: Storage. .. Opelaling (Case)..... ... . ... 10 amperes .. . .5 0.. .. .Maximum at a Frequency Ratings. di 'dth... . 4U 40 40 40 watts 0. For other conditions... . for Operation 50 between with RATINGS Peak Reverse Voltage (Repetitive).. Rate of Change of Forward Current. .. . .. 0. PGAyk. . . RMSvalue. . . . .. ..63 f" RC VfB . .. 111& For a period of lms to 8..... . Tstge. . .Absolute.5 watt -4010 >115 -4010 >100 °C °C . . . ...epj3 Sinusoidal and 400 Hz.. . . . .. . vFBOM(rep)C.5 8 11.115 -4010. . . . .. . . . . vRM(rep)q. For more than one cycle of applied voltage. and with Load TYPES UNITS 2N3670 2N4103 .. IFAY<!... . . ... . .. . . . . Sub·Cycle Surge (Non·Repelllive).. 600 600 600 700 volls 8 11.. . . .. ../dl ~ / *"0.... . . . . ..5 0. vRM(non-.. 10 100 See Fig.100 -4010.. 150 100 330 100 660 400 700 600 volts . Forward Of Reverse... . Resistive AC Supply 2N3669 Voltage or Inductive CONTROLLED·RECTIFIER 2N3668 Tlansient Peak Reverse Voltage (Non-Repetitive).... .100 CRITICAL d. .. . 100 See Fig. . . 8 Peak Surge Current. .. valuel IGT ~ 100mA.. (See Figs. . .. . TC. . 10 ampere2 second amperes microsecond 165 165 165 165 . ..5 amperes amperes 100 See Fig. 1--------- 0- _ -4010 >115 -4010.... 5 and EI AVeiage.5 0.. . YFB ~ vBOO(mtn.. .

. .5 1 - l. exponential Te 0 microsecond dOOOe (See waveshape of Fig.RECTIFIER 2N3668 2N3669 TYPES UNITS 2N3670 2N4103 Min.. Max....75 1. dt • 30 A .. (RBOM'.. "s. IGT • 100m1. ...150e tSee waveshapes of Fig.CHARACTERISTICS CONTROLLED. .8 - 1.5 15 50 0. d'.3 3 m1. .75 1.150e. IGTs: . 3) Turn·Off TIme. VFBOP • 'BOO(m". = 0. 10 100 - 10 100 10 100 - 10 100 - volts! Forward Breakover Voltage... Junction-to-Case. IFBDM" .150e (See Fig. . lonw.IOOOC . .. 0. I d'FBdl' 10.. - 1. Te'·800e I See waveshapesof FIg.5 15 50 0.. - 0. IF'" 8amperes. Min. toffl. Typ.5 1 - 1.tTe' 1 . VFB IGT'" - rise. 1 .. at T C :: Forwafd..75 1. . Min. • 100°C: Peak Blocking Cunent. Gale·Tngge. (Revelse Recovery TIme +Gate Recovery Time). ..75 1.35 4 m1.5 1 0. 4) Thermal ReSistance..1 1. 5l..value). 1 1 m1. VG{ At Te' .5 1 - 1... value) Reverse.1 1 - 0. .150e (See Fig. .15 - 10 50 - 10 - - 0. Max..5 1.... Rate of Applied Forward Voltage.. . aTe' DC Gale. 100 - - 200 - - 400 - - 600 - - volts - 0.(de) volts (de) Holding Current. Max.Trigger Current.. I - - 171 dVrs/dt ~/ I I dir Idt ~\ iF \ ( I I I \ I I I _:l __ ____ I vRB :-----i I I I I I -+-----------0 .tTC' .15 - 0. Typ. .5 1.5 15 50 m1. value).5 15 50 0.5 - 0. "800m 1. IHOOu: At Te' Critical .g... Min. 2) Turn-On Time. IF = 8 amperes. 11).8 - 1. 200mA..15 - 0.5 1.8 - 1.. ..3 3 - 0.t off ------... .. Typ.VFr At a Forward Current of 25 amperes and . Max.1 1.15 - 0.5 1..15 - microseconds 50 - 10 50 - 10 50 microseconds 17 - - 17 - - 17 0e 'W - vBOO(mln. 50" s pulse width. Critical dv dlv. . I I I I tqr ----+1 I' I I I k----. Typ. VRBOP = vRM(lep) value Forward Voltage OIOP. VFS:: Te' vBoo(mm..5 - 0.8 volts 10 40 1 10 40 10 40 10 40 - 1.150e(SeeF.05 1 - 0. s..1 uS Ilse lIme.. 1.5l. Voltage. . (Delay Time + RIse Time) .15 1..

The used construction in center gate. emitter both these of devices These and re. re. \"crse.5 lIatt. should not exceed rating peripherv and sholln to on peak products in Fig. .·olt-ampere in for if products Fig. ides (PG. Limiting for different gate-cathode devices construction forward the pro. forward and re- gate dissipation ."idths dissipation."erse I(ate junction large \'alues of \'olt-ampere should pOller also peak pulse pulse trigger circuits and a which removes gate current. 6" should reverse gate present.·erse These gate limits in peak the u!?cd sients total to be or rc\'crse employ shorted- restrictions voltal(e are adhered The sholln limitations gale pulses ~ale diss\?ation. both the average be tran- In all cases. designing for maximum trigger pulse widths direction determine a\'era~e . IIhen 5..-\ \") of 0.

.--D o L. These required widlh curves of the necessary to maintain magnitude of the the latching design requires gale the forward current that gate currents are shown ma)' be used trigger gate the trigger anode value...-..J180° CQKlUCTION ANGLE ~ :::.. greater than to or somewhat turn-on time. 7... . gate to determine _pulses.. I Z '"::>•. . Some applications the reached conservative pulse equal until has trigger at least the It is onlv may width be the device require wider 3 "'z 0 0 ~ 0 52 '"I '" '" >= Z I 0 gate pulse widths for proper circuit operation. :::: 2 3 AVERAGE 4 5 FORWARD 6 7 CURRENT B 9 10 II 12 13 {IFAVl-AMPERES 92CM-I3808 14 . pulse current Ho\\ever.Turn-on times for different in Fig.

>- z ll! '5 u Q a: ~ "'"'" « ei il " "~ " co ~ ~ « I 1 . 1 -100 VALUE ! 1 .E ..... 80 .-..9 * 4 6 . -- . II '1 . . f . " .2: --. ....~..... .. : -q"'-' ...: "« I 1 . ... --.BLACK SURFACE AND THERMAL EMISSIVITY OF 0. THICK COPPER WITH A MAT . . .-._. :'2 3~ :-::1"1 .us: ....1 ._ . 'j~ ..I~~O~S'NGHEAT-SINK .PHASE OPERATION ~:~~~~ltiD ~~T~. >- .. : : ••• . . . -.: ~::::. ':::!1 -- .. '«" 40 l:' 60 =]'1 ...-t.... --- :-w . Y / V . -. C ---'-' --.... ---. - . ~-- " "-0' . : .... :-..'-!=. 0 ...9 ~ .PHASE OPERATION CONDUCTION ANGLE. 2 NATURAL COOLING SINGLE .... .C_-- : : ~~ 40 ....._../ -.. -. -r: ~~J ... .. -~FEE= I~· : TO -- ---.60 H7 SINE WAVE CASE TEMPERATURE"aOo c lOAD:RESISTIVE REPETITIVE PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE ~RM(reP~:MAXIMUM-RATEO AVERAGE FORWARD CURRENT (IFAV):MAXIMUM-RATEO CASE TEMPERATURE VALUE 160 '"~ '" '" ~ fi' V> '" :> « z'" "... J 3 '-'...THICK COPPER WITH A MAT-BLACK SURFACE AND THERMAL EMISSIVITY OF 0. -.. . 2 4 6 .. -.I -- Q 2001\. ~f. ::... ~ ltl20 0 " i"- "- z '" I co" z u« '" '"~ 80 " .. ......§ =:ff . _. -- _ .-. 1800 CONTROlLED -RECTIFIER USING HEAT-SINK COMPOUND HEAT SlNKl 1/16~!.. >- ~ a: i3 IE ! g '" il "..= . ~'"'":> 20 -. .::-n . ..-... :'" .. ...~. V> >-V> ". .tc:" .-- 1 '-- COMPOUND* HEAT SINK' 1/16" .. .. :::: : :-:::= ..... :: ._ . _.. -- I. -~._.. .....J . FORCED·AIR COOLING' AIR VELOCITY" 1000 FEET PER MINUTE PARALLEL PLANE Of HEAT SINK SINGLE . 'r . u "« " .. + . : _ . : ... Q. (T )=25° ....SUPPLY FREQUENCY..it i.. 2 4 6 . .. .. " « " :> = .

NUTS@ In the United Kingdom. Europe.00 mml mm) MAX. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.312 MIN.. LO::~::HUE::~ 2S0LDEA ~~S~l~.21 mm) MAX. SHQULDERDIA. WHEN GAUGE IS NOT USED.2SOm.250 1- .450 .PI'llEOWlTH } in. O SEATING PLANE L.050 In. DEVle" FRO'" ReA LUGS~ 2HEX. NOTE: URED THESE DIMENSIONS AT POINTS . f-DJ o-1NIPINIP <5 CATHODE TERMINAL ANODE TERMINAL (CASEl I GATE TERMINAL PIN 1: GATE PIN 2: CATHODE CASE: ANODE . SHOULDER ·0.050 TO SHOULD BE MEAS.~~ 1640 (4.-O. :~~'"W. MEASUREMENT WILL BE MADE AT SEATING PLANE. Middle East. NOT AIIA'LA.w--- ~ 2 SCREWS 6·32 NOT"'V"'ILA~LEFAOMRC'" t~it :~~----~ . Sl. I ~:~~:~'~NSULAT1NG e 6 0 ~ 2 METAL WASHERS ® .055 BELOW SEATING PLANE. 135 "AX . mountinghardware policies may differ. and Afnca.6lE THICKNESS 11.

5 20------ dtidt 200 A/P... 5 11'(............•••. and efficient heat dissipation Low leakage currents. 56220A (40757)* For 120-V Line Operation ..) .E Gatt· Open ....••.I. 200. 400. (Cast') ••... •. . nUlx. ..••. • . ...att' ()Pt>" Symmetrical gate-cathode construction-provides uniform current density. ()pt'n ••••••. • .••••••. rapid electrical conduction..E ... ..56200B (40750)*.•. . lighting and motor speed·control circuits...Solid State Division 5620056210 56220 5eries 20-Ampere Silicon Controlled Rectifiers PRESS·FIT S6200 Series CATHODE \ . ...: RU'ETITI\'E {:i1I(' • • 56200A 56210A 56220A 100 \'olups: ..\\"1 A A RATE-IW-C'!IANC..56200A (40749)*..... (10 s max. sinusoidal .. • . 56210A (40753)*.••••• .•••• .. R\1S 56200D 56210D 56220D 400 56200M 56210M 56220M \'RSO\I 56200B 56210B 56220B 200 I'r:AK REn:RSE VOI-TAC.\(.F:: Stora~(' ••• ()p<'ratlnR Soldl'nnR . ••••• PGM C . •• .•..l . RI.... .. . of lIpp!Il'rl pnncipal VOltilJW 50-II z. . and 600 volts.Ol-T. ••1t' Opt'n 600 V \'IJSml 150 250 500 700 V \'RRml 100 310 400 600 V \'IJRO\l Ino 200 400 tilll) V PEAK FORWARD\.. . .r.....••.) . 2. 56220B (40758)* For 240-V Line Operation ...•. . for tenninalsl . tr n..•.... ... p. These SCRs have an RMS on-state current rating (IT [RMS]) of 20 A and have voltage ratings (VDROM) of 100.56200M (40752)*. 56220M (40760)* STUD S6210 Series ISOLATED·STUD S6220 Series These RCA types are all·diffused..\Iaximum (.. •. . IT"" 170 200 See Fig...r: •••••....• For mort.\TE \"OI.•..!) (...8 P (I\V) 40 0.. CURRENT: For l'a~l' ll'mpNutuTl' (TC) = 75° C... . •••••••..•.... .ATE POWER DISSIP/\TION: PEAK f'!)RWARD <ror 10 p.. conductiun an~l(' of I~)n A\·l'nl~f' DC \"alul' • • . 562200 (40759)* For High-Voltage Operation .. 56210M (40756)*.EOF ON'STATE CURRENT: \ 0\1 = v( B010. " ....... W TEMPERA1TRE IL\NI. ••••• . Absolulc-.'lt.. 0N-STATF..•.. • ... I'I.. 56210B (40754)*.•. ..5 w I'J{(.10 ms..AK Sl'R(. . AVERA(.562100 (40755)*....••••••..-GATE For Low-Voltage Operation . I~O~'REI'ETITI\'EI O~-STATE ("('RRE~T: For ont' ('yc-lt.••••••••.AK OFF-ST...M Set' FiR.562000 (40751)*. .. •••••••••••••••••••• .. . A A 10 1'f(R\ISI 12... ••••••• ..\(. .s (S('l' Fi.•.•. of ilppll('d prinCipal \-oltagl' .T... . . sinusoidal .. •• .•.•. PEAK REVER'-.. .-. •.i{..:PETITln: t..' than ont' full (". ...E (a\'erll~ln~ tlm<' ..IGT = 200 mA.• Pr.. . silicon controlled Features: rectifiers • • • Low switching losses High di/dt and dv/dt capabilities Shorted·emitter gate-cathode construction • Forward and reverse gate dissipation ratings • All-diffused construction-assures exceptional uniformity and stability of characteristics (reverse·blocking triode thyristors) designed for power switching and voltage regulator applications and for heating..\It. • ••••... ~O"-Rr:PETITI\'E • \""JUl' •••••••• . . .. .. tW-1I /.• ' -05 Lo \50 -65 to 100 °C °C 225 °c 11-73 .••.. . both forward and reverse Low forward voltage drop at high current levels Low thermal resistance • ~O~-RF:PF:TITI\'F: PEAK Rr:\'r:RSE \"()LT..•.\(. MAXIMUM RATINGS..•••••..• milx. ... .

. .. . .... .. 56210M.. . JunctlOn·to·lsolated Stud .. 15 20 100 ISO 75 - mA Crrtical Rate·of·Rise of Ort·State Voltage: (VOO = VIBO)O Min. 56200B.. . value. II 15 IGT VGT I l. . 562000.. ! Curren!" Gate open.... 562208 562000......... Max.--di/dl I I"·~ I I VRSO"'~ ~VRROM 0--- _ ~L~M I_~ ~ _ r--'I . . .. . 4 Thermdl ReSistance: Junction-la-Case ..4 0C 'W - ~ J----------------.... . .. di/dt = -30 All'S. ... value. vI Bo)O 100 200 400 600 - - - - V Peak off·State Current· IGate open... 56220M .. TC ·250C See Fig. ....... ... ...... . . Vo = 12VIOCI.. Instantaneous On'Stale Voltage' For 'T=IOOA.ALL TYPES SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC Specified Typ... 12 2 'Ho I DC Gale Trrgger Voltage' ..... TC = 25°C At other case temperatures....... /. .562100.... ... RL =30\. 5621 OA... .... TC=250C .....2 1... .. ..... . VRo = VRROM . T C = 75°C See Fig. ... 100M - 0. 56220A ... UNITS Inslantaneous Forward Breakover Voltage' IGate open. iT ~ 30A... ... 9 CirCUit Commulated Turn·Off Time' Vo = VFIBOlO Min.s tgt - 2 - liS tq - 20 40 liS ROJC ROJtS - - 1. . dv dl 10 10 10 . TC • 100°C... .ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS and at Indicated At Maximum Ratings Case Temperature (T C) Unless Otherwise LIMITS ...... .. 56210M.. .... .......... ..4 V mA DC Gate Trrgger Current· Vo = 12V IOC).. At oilIer case temperatures .. Reverse.... 56200A.... . ... T C = 25°C .. . .....9 I mA 2..... 562200 .. . ..... .. .. T C = 100 ° C' Forward.1 "s rise time. .. ..... V.. . .. . .. ..... ... ...... 56200M.. .. .. 562108......562200 56200M... 8 See Fig.. .. Instantaneous Holding .... T C = 100 oc) .. . . . . V 9 I See Fig.. .. ... RL =30n... . 5621 OB..2 3 IRROM - a 2 vT - 1. .. .. Pulse ouralion 50 "s. VOO = VOROM .. iT = 18A. Exponential rise.. IGT -200mA............. . dv/dt = 20 V II'S. 56220M 56220A.. Min.. 562208 562100.. See Fig 5) 56200A... .... .. At other case temperatures .. 0.l I See Fig.. ... 56200B... ......... value.. T C = 25 ° C . ... Gate Controlled Turn·On Trme: Vo = VIBO)O Min... 56210A......

'" -:i-::.Qe~ CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD· RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE l5 CONDUCTION ANGLE CONDUCTION ANGlE 30 ~. . ~ ~ •. ...:: ~ ~ •.IDUCTIQN z 20 ~ .. average forward current for stud and press-fit. ... (().wi 85 "" t 80 U . .I 'ox I --j 1 __ I r-'" f--t-.~·: .. VSO"T. w ~ -.63+ t· Rt ..Q~ .. . reverse current.~. . ~l: ':1 t j~~ . :-r:: -~-~ -:r i I . '~j t- "'" ~ ANGLE '" 1800 0 t 75 S AVERAGE ON·STATE (URRENT IT(AV) -A '1»'-' 7-Maximum allowable case temperature vs. --111. .. I 'I 4-Relationship between on-state current..:... onstate VOltage.. _ •• .j'.-\! . /: ... ~ I' . '+'1 90' is w 0 -t W w > 10 5 '2\)<>' -'IY. g •.. rl-.. 'T. I SO" IRM }'.DC OPERATION .~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ '"~ ~ ~ ~ ~ w . ..•. ~_'_DX :('. ~ 90 2S t~~ r" . ---j I ~'T \t- I 1 Fig. and off-state voltage showing reference points for definition of turn~ff time (tg).. ....n 30' w w ~--< • ~..:/~ ~._- . ...:i . ii:: 4 . .~ •.. "" ... I o· -< - • ....'. _ . " ~ ~ "~ ~ .:t.O. ~ -.

':: -. REPETlTIVE AVERAGE PEAK 60°C REVERSE ON-STATE vOL CURRENT TAGE (IrIAV)) [~RRO/l\] " MAXIMUM '" MAXIMUM RATED RATED VALUE VALUE 400 % '"'"u~ .Q8if CONDUCTION ANGLE ... CASE TEMPERATURE" LOAO :: RESISTIVE g . w "•. w 0 -40 CASE -20 0 TEMPERATURE 20 40 60 (TC )_·C 9255-4465 ...... 300 ~ ~ w '" ~ "'"~ ~ .. u ~ 80 ~ '" S'" 75 ...... ~ 100~ 100 J'H' ".::::: .....

NOTE: Dimensions in parentheses are in millimeters and are derived from the basic inch dimensions as indicated.Mounting of press.0085 in. shows press-fit knurl and heat-sink hole dimensions. 4 6 POSITIVE 80.21. A slight chamfer in the heat-sink hole will help center and guide the press-fit package properly into the heat sink.254 mm) and an outer diameter of 0. If these dimensions are maintained. shown in Fig. direct soldering and the use of epoxy adhesives have been successfully employed.~9 mm) interference fit will allow press-fit insertion below the maximum allowable insertion force of 800 pounds. 900 L8 -~I-60 -40 CASE -20 0 TEMPERATURE 20 40 60 ITCI-oC 9255-4467 Fig. . (Q.380 ± 0. A recommended mounting method. metal from the heat sink flows into the knurl voids of the thyristor case. As the thyri stor is forced into the heatsink hole. a "worst-case" condition of 0. The insertion tool should be a hollow shaft having an inner diameter of 0. case temperature.010 in.70 mm).1 2 6 GATE-lO-CATHODE 8 I 6 TRIGGER CURRENT 810 2 (lGT)-A 9255-4466 ---'-- ~~g~~-:b)l OIA. The press-fit case is tin-plated to facilitate direct soldering to the heat sink. 15. (9.'r to now freely.65 ± 0. The resulting close contact between the heat sink and the thyri stor case assures low thermal and electrical resistances.fit package types depends upon an interference fit between the thyristor case and the heat sink. The press-fit package is not restricted to a single mounting arrangement. 02. UPPER LIMIT OF PERMISSIBLE 2 AVERAGE (OC) GATE POWER DISSIPATION AT RATED OJ CON ITIONS. MAX. 15-DC holding current vs.500 in. These dimensions provide sufficient clearance for the leads and assure that no direct force is applied to the glass seal of the thyristor. A f)0-40 solder should be used and heat should be applied only long enough to allow the sold.

004 to 0. mountinghardware polIcies may differ. (Minimum Required thickness of heat sink = liB in.1 to 0. and Africa.Package Type of Mounting Thermal Employed Resistance-OClW Press-fitted into heat sink. 0. Press-Fit Stud In the United Kingdom. Heatmg time should be sufficient to cause solder to flow freely).5 . Europe.35 Directly mounted on heat sink with or without the use of heat· sink compound. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sates representative or supplier. Middle East.006 in. Without heat sink compound 2. thick beinsulating washer used tween unit and heat sink. 0_5 SOldered directly to heat sink_ (60-40 solder which has a melting point of 1880 C should be used. 0.6 Mounted on heat sink with a mica 0.5 With heat sink compound 1.

95 12.29 5.Cathode Case.652 MAX.94 1.50 1.0.505 . 12.87 - 10.2 .13 3. NOTE 3: A chamfer or undercut on one or both ends of hexagonal portion is optional.83 12.465 "T lOT.81 965 12.47 2. .380 .510 .73 - - 1.08 24.453 .760 NOTES 3 1 - - 2 NOTE 1: Contou. Terminal No.200 .0. .058 .Anode .29 2.0. NOTE 2: Outer diameter of knurled surface. 1-1960).15S . .080 ..068 . INCHES SYMBOL A .72 1.Gate Terminal No.94 11.81 14.505 .03 5. Tenninal No. ..47 2 1 of these terminals optional.562 .090 MilLIMETERS MIN.330 544 113 .SE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT INCHES SYMBOL MIN. .07 19.2268 MIlliMETERS MIN...422 .058 .82 2.544 .28 5. 1. NOTE 2: f>itch diameter of \4-28 UNF-2A (coated) threads (ASA Bl.3 .03 1: Contouf and angular orientation NOTES MAX.REFERENCE POINT FOR CA.155 .73 2. and angular orientation of these terminals is optional.2225 MAX.W MIN.080 NOTE - - MAX. E F J M N 2.475 .4 13.73 11. A .8 13.950 . J M 501 .05 3. 12. ". is "T "T.0 . 8.068 .750 .090 .

2268 3. The 56220 series should 3.2225 5.200 .99 14.148 .75 .33 11.175 . grind.08 10. Do not crush. - -l NOTE 1: Ceramic between hex (stud) and terminal No.79 M - Ml ." dust NOTES MAX.501 .760 be handled with care.SYMBOL . A </>0 REFERENCE! POINT FOR CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT J MILLIMETERS INCHES MIN.09 .Cathode Terminal No.3 is MIN.44 4.3 .03 </>T2 </>W .080 NOTE 3: Pitch diameter of '.452 .Gate Terminal No.614 IS.210 N .14 F .155 2.59 </>01 .69 26.652 5.Anode because the if inhaled.72 12.557 13.505 12. abrade 5.29 .2 .090 The these 2 2 . . ceramic portion of these thyristors contains BERYL· L1UM OXIDE as a major ingredient.47 SEATING PLANE "WARNING: - thyristors may be hazardous Terminal No.72 1.138 .82 E .055 4.058 </>Tl beryl I ium oxi de.551 .604 J mS-Ull MAX. or portions of from such action the 2 3 .94 5.185 1.068 .48 </>T NOTE 2: Contour and angu lar orientation of these terminals is optional. resulting 1.50 3. .422 .34 15. 1-1960).73 2.6-28 UNF-2A (coated) threads (ASA Bl.673 - 17. 1.

. Average (averagingtime = 10 ms max. 2N 3896. 2N3898. • Any product of gate current and gate voltage which results in a gate power less than the maximum is permitted. 2N3873 2N3899 S6420M S6400N S6410N S6420N PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE. • T C 600 for isolated-stud package types. conduction & . S6420M (40683)t. ON-STATE CURRENT.l . PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE... RMS Average For other conditions = provides gate·current lighting.. Stud...File No. 578 Thyristors 2N3870-2N3873... 8) Peak Reverse .. TERMINAL TEMPERATURE (During sotdering): For 10 s max. = 0_5~s (See Fi9_ 13) FUSING CURRENT (for SeR protection): TJ = to 100°C.N DDJ]3LJ[J Solid State Division Press-Fit... and dv/dt capabilities at high current gate construction spreading faster turn·on with substantially heati ng effects and motor 2N3870 2N3896 S6420A 2N3871 2N3897 S6420B 2N3872 2N3898 S6420D 150 330 660 700 900 V 150 330 660 700 900 V 100 200 400 600 800 V 100 200 400 600 800 V Values: and voltage regulator applications speed·control circuits. t = 1 to 8. These values do not apply if there is a positive gate signal. angle '= 180": --------35-----22-----See Figs.... 3 & 5 PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) cycle of applied ON-STATE CURRENT.. principal voltage 60 Hz (sinusoidal) 350 50 Hz (sinusoidal) For more than one full 300 cycle of applied principal See Fig. 225 for reduced control.... for power switch· 'REPETITIVE PEAK OFF·STATE VOLTAGE. S6401N (40938)t.B.M .. S64208 (40681)t For 240-V Line Operation-2N3872... and Isolated-Stud Packages For Low-Voltage Operation-2N3870.3 ms -to GATE POWER DISSIPATION·. Absolute-Maximum 'NON-REPETITIVE Gate Open. Storage Operating (Case) ...S6400N 2N3896-2N3899... 40 See Fig. triode thyristors) designed MAXIMUM RATINGS. S6420A (40680) t For 120-V Line Operation-2N3871.. • Temperature measurement point is shown on the DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE. S6420D (40682) t For High-Voltage Operation-2N3873. ... See Fig.S6410N S6420A.D.'..... 2N3897.•. contains an internally diffused voltage resistor between silicon controlled rectifiers are all-diffused......... S6400N (40937)t.S6420N (40952)t Features: 2N3870 2N3871 2N3872 2N3873 S64QON 2N3896 S6420A 2N3891 2N3898 2N3899 S641QN 56420B ReA types These (reverse-blocking 564200 S6420M S6420N High di/dt Low on-stat..•. 2N3899... 5 voltage RATE OF CHANGE OF ON-STATE CURRENT VD: VOROM' IGT = 200 mA. Peak Forward (for 10 ~s max.. power NON·REPETITIVE PEAK OFF·STATE VOLTAGE. Gate Open _ For one full Center levels gate and cathode ing. 9 0... • • Low thermal resistance Shorted-emitter gate-cathode construction . T C :: 6SoC·.5------ .. Gate Open 'REPETITIVE Gate Open • • • . herminals and casel -------------- ----- -40 to 125 -----40 to 100 ------- TT -------- * In accordance with JEDEC registration data filed for the JEDEC (2N-series) types.... Gate must be open or negatively biased.. rapid uniform for heating. 'TEMPERATURE RANGE"....

Peak Off·State Current: (Gate open. Gate open.. 2N3898. .5 1.. TC = 25°C For other case temperatures . 2N3871. ...7 2.dvldt = 20 V l{. .Is. ·. T C = 100°C (See Fig. 2N3897. 11 .. ·.....9* Critical Rate of Rise of Off-State Voltage: VD= VDROM.. Junetion-to-Case: Steady-State Press-fit & stud types Isolated-stud types . ..... ....S6420N · · Instantaneous . S6420B ·. TC = 25°C iT = 100 A (peak).) Circuit Commutated Turn-Off {.. . · ..Is dv/dt Thermal Resistance. ·..85* V DC Gate Trigger Voltage: VD = 12 V (de). TC = -40°C VD = 12 V (de). . ROJC - 1 °CIW .. T C = 100°C) Forward Current (IDOM) at VD = VDROM IDOM Reverse Current (IROM) at VR = VRROM 2N3870. vT - ·.. 2N3872..... 2N3899. RL =30n. IGT = 200 mA....... . T C = 25°C . 16.Is... S6410N... 1. ·. IGT 1 iHO 0. IT = 30 A (peak)... - 0.5* - 0.... ·. 3* V 2 DC Gate Trigger Current: VD = 12 V (de).Is.. .. .35 4* - 1.Is tgt - 1.. TC = 80°C (See Fig.25 2. RL = 30 n. . .ELECTRICAL At Maximum CHARACTERISTICS Ratings Unless Otherwise Specified and at Indicated Case Temperature (T C) LIMITS CHARACTERISTIC SYMBOL FOR ALL TYPES Unless Otherwise Specified MIN... ·. 10 80* 40 mA 70 mA Instantaneous Holding Current: Gate open. · . RL = 30 n. VGT - 1. UNITS MAX...) . .. S6420D . . 2N3873.Is. TC = 25°C For other case temperatures ..... .25 2 Time: VD = VDROM' iT = 18 A. · .2 2* - 0.. · . or IROM . 7 Turn-On Time: (Delay Time + Rise Time) For VD = VDROM' IGT = 200 mA. 12 & 14..·. S6420A . exponential voltage rise. ·.. {..Is tq . S6420M. ·. 15. TYP. .1 See Fig... .. 2N3896. For other case temperatures Gate Controlled 30 See Fig... ·. . RL = 30 n..) V/{. TC = ·40°C VD = 12 V (de)..1 {. ·. pulse duration = 50 {. TC = 25°C .. -di/dt = -30 A/{. tr = 0. - 20 40 10 100 - - 0.. TC = 25°C (See Fig..3 3* - 0..1 mA On-State Voltage: iT = 69 A (peak). S6400N. ...5 46 25 See Fig..

' ~ .-VRROM LOAD: RESISTIVE RMS ON-STATE CURRENT AT SPECIFIED [ITI .• I OVERLOAD MAY NOT BE REPEATED UNTIL JUNCTION TEMPERATURE HAS RETURNED TO STEAOYSTATE RATED VALUE . 35 -A '00 ".' "- 35 A GATE CONTROL MAY BE LOST DURING AND IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SURGE CURRENT INTERVAL. 0 5 to AVERAGE OR RMS ON-STATE 15 CURRENT 20 [I:TIAV) 25 ~ OR ITIAMSI] 92CM-200U Fig...uc ~I .. on-state current for press-fit and stud types. I .::1 w II) 300 •.3-Maximum allowable case temperature vs. >wH "''>- Zz ~~200 -'" w" "'u ~~ "'1'c ><'" e' WZ •... "RSO •••---J "". we >-- RMS)]: CASE TEMPERATURE 60 ••.-"'50C r--.

.. ...~f OJ: ..?![ JO OR ITIRMSl] )5 -A 91CS·IJ)f.:::'::: :: ...---.D . . .IR2 Fig..1 ........ ••• ~ .. AVERAGE . ~..." ..:::~.:~~~~~.'!. ... .•.-l"....••. [P.~: ..= Iffi .••. j~::'~"""... ::..•.::.. ~~~ ~ :~~~~:~~ ".~ :1: ~. ::::.•.::' ~ ..:M~~·~.: iL. 100 #':0:::'.[... ••• LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE :t.....u::.:~:ii: ~~1'i . :":r. ""o.• ::: L!: ~\::.. i!.:~:.•..:: ... : . ~: ~ '..... . ' Ol.-..":..-~ 90 ~=..~ .-:~ ~~. ""hi ~~::::n~::. ~ ~ CONOU':T1QN ..."._ e 10 ::' __~ ..: . .. :: "~:P.. ~~:::: \~ o 5 OR RMS 10 ON-STATE ..:::....t:g~ .5 -Maximum allowable case temperature VS........ .... 15 CURRENT .:~~ .:.. = TWA ••• O •• .+ ..::.......... 1i~ g .:::::: .ir...:. " "::' . ~=-: '. PERMITTED FOR P~LSf INDICATED FORWARD cue ~ID~H5 PEAK POwER .•. ':C-. ""-' .:' iill:." - ..••..... on-state current for isolated-stud types. 20 [ITtAVI 2S .r.. ~=....

•. I r--.•.'.90% I POINT o_LL-I-l--!-.n6 REVERSE 0-4 02 GATE CURRENT IlGTRI-A 92CS-I3360R3 Fig. I I I I I I I I I : I ! I . " I I oJ----- _ I VD: : o_LL :_L-_ I-rl: T In.10-DC gate trigger current (forward) vs..12-Gate-controlled trigger curren t.--l.------Fig. voltage showing reference points for definition of turn-on time (tgt)· .-t. - 92CS-13366R2 between and gate trigger off-state voltage. gate .'.. -i.. Fig.POINT o-L . case tempera ture.14-Relationship on-state current. 'ot' fd turn-on time vs.t I I --i I f~:VGT I __ 10"..

A 60-40 solder should be used and heat should be applied only long enough to allow the solder to flow freely. mountinghardware policies may differ. A recommended mounting method. have been successfully employed.Fig. A slight chamfer in the heat-sink hole will help PACKAGE TYPE OF MOUNTING EMPLOYED Press-fitted into heat sink. thyristor. a "worst-case" condition of 0.2159 mm) interference fit will allow press-fit insertion below the maximum allowable insertion force of 800 pounds.010 in. shows press-fit knurl and heat·sink hole dimensions.70 mm). . 17. (12. The resulting close contact between the heat sink and the an outer diameter of 0. direct soldering and the use of epoxy adhesives THERMAL RESISTANCE-oCIW used. (9.254 mm) and As the thyristor is forced into the heat-sink hole. The insertion tool should be a hollow shaft having an inner diameter of 0. (0. shown in Fig. metal from the heat sink flows into the knurl voids of the thyristor case. and Africa.35 cause solder to Directly mounted on heat sink with or without the useof heat- The press-fit package is not restricted to a single mounting arrangement.15-Relationship berween instantaneous on-state current and voltage showing reference points for definition of ci rcuit commutated turn-off time Irq)' Mounting of press-fit package types depends upon an interference fit between the thyristor case and the heat sink.0085 in.380 ± 0. (60-40 solder which has a melt· ing point of 188°C should be Stud sink compound. These dimen· sions provide sufficient clearance for the leads and assure thyristor that no direct force will be applied to the glass seal of the case assures low thermal and electrical resistances.65 ± 0.5 0. Heating time should be sufficient to flow freely).500 in.6 In the United Kingdom. The press-fit case is tinplated to facilitate direct soldering to the heat sink. 0. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA satesrepresentative or supplier. center and guide the press·fit package properly into the heat sink.17 mm) Press-Fit Soldered directly to heat sink. Europe.1 to 0. IMinimum required thickness of heat sink = 1/8 in_ (3. Middle East. If these dimensions are maintained. 0.

Ref: ASA 8. Outer diameter of knurled surface.05 3.08 3 24.614 0.65 12. Recommended torque: 50 inch-pounds. Contour and angular orientation PLANE of these terminals is optional.08 10.3 .148 1/4-28 UNF·2A MIN.950 0.09 15.28 A 0.155 - 0.544 0.72 1.79 3.1 .50 2. Isolating material (ceramic) between hex (stud) and terminal A </>0 </>°1 E F MIN.14 4. 2. MAX.557 0.95 12. D. Disposal should be by burial. Contour and angular orientation 13.505 0.068 0.48 2.2N3872. 15.501 - </>°1 </>°2 J M </>T </>T1 0.465 0_380 0. MAX.47 0.090 0. 4.82 2.94 1.47 5.3 is beryllium oxide.090 1/4-28 Ur~F-2A NOTES: 1.44 - MAX.34 12. MAX.13 3.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR TYPES DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE FOR TYPES 2N3870. 17.200 0.50 1.185 1.210 0. 2.501 0.422 </>Tl </>T2 </>W - 0. MIN.452 0.2N3897.058 0.33 11.29 2.068 1. Do not crush..750 - - 0.200 J M N </>T </>T1 </>W 0. M. ¢W is pitch diameter of coated threads. - 0.138 0. Recommended torque: 50 inch-pounds.544 0. 3.81 12.058 0.07 19.673 0. A chamfer or undercut on one or both ends of hexagonal portion is optional.87 - 10.505 0.94 5.72 13.155 0. - 9.Anode TYPES 1 1 1.422 0.59 12.2N3899. Countour and angular orientation of these terminals is optional.155 0.73 1/4·28 UNF·2A No.81 14.068 - 0.055 0.03 0.2N3898.03 3.2N3873.080 0.82 14.73 2. MAX. grind. S6420A.94 1 11. FOR TYPES 3.83 12.<PWis pitch diameter of coated threads.2 . MAX.Cathode Case. 2 .510 0. Ref: ASA 81.2N3871. - 0.330 </>°1 E 0.175 J M - Ml N </>T 0.080 0.080 MIN. B. 2. N ISOLATED-STUD TERMINAL NO.475 - 0.Gate No. No. 8.4 12.03 1/4-28 UNF-2A 2 of these terminals is optional.47 5.99 4.090 2 1 2.604 0.29 3.29 NOTES: 1.1-1960.453 0.75 CONNECTIONS FOR All NO.562 F 0. or abrade this part because the dust resulting from such action may be hazardous if inhaled.73 11. DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE MilLIMETERS SYMBOL NOTES MIN.551 0. A chamfer or undercut on one or both ends of hexagonal portion is optional.73 2. TERMINAL 3 WARNING: The ceramic of the isolated·stud package contains beryllium oxide.69 26.113 0.8 - 13.72 1.S6400N 2N3896.3 opT INCHES MilliMETERS NOTES SYMBOL I REFERENCE POINTFOR CASE J TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT J SEATING NOTES: 1.1·1960.S6410N PRESS-FIT STUD REFERENCE POINT FOR CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT INCHES INCHES MilLIMETERS SYMBOL A </>0 NOTES MIN.058 0.505 0.

. Peak Forward Blocking Voltage <Repetitive)..•. rapid electrical conduction.3 .OOm3LJD Thyristors 2N6812N690 Solid State Division RCA-2N681 through trolled-rectifiers three-junction. and efficient heat dissipation devices for use Direct-soldered internal construction exceptional resistance to fatigue and power-switching requiring capabilities blocking-volt- to 600 forward-current capability peres value) (average con- all-diffused. PGM9 .. volts amp amp amp watts watt amp volts volts °c °c .2 of 150 .•• Temperature: 150 225 300 350 400 500 600 720 volts 100 150 200 250 300 400 500 600 volts . T stg Case#. vGKMk Reverse. of 10 of 5 -65 to +150 . For other case temperatures and conduction angles . .. lFRMSe . .. Peak Surge Current. vRM (non-rep}O ••.... of Free Air.• • 600 16 25 See Fig. See Fig.. TFA 75 50 . TC 35 25 • .••• Peak Reverse Voltage (Repetitive). Forward Current: For case temperature (TC> of +650 C.. •. . .•...... IFAVd. • All-diffused construction .•. .. vFBOM (rep)C ..• . . vRM (rep)b . 2 .provides uniform current density. iFM (surge)f: For one cycle of applied voltage .•... iGKMi Peak Gate Voltage: Forward. .. RMS value.. .5 ..assures exceptional un iformi ty and stabi Iity af characteristiCs • Mul ti-diffusion process . volts and of 16 am- or 25 amperes Each unit dependable aged at maximum performance All-welded construction ratings and hermetic to assure sealing (rms value). silicon in power-control applications age 2N690 are Symmetrical gate-cathode construction . . . PGAVh Peak Forward Gate Current. . Operating.•••••. Average Forward Gate Power.. UNITS -65 to +125 See FigA .permits of individual junction parameters precise control • Shorted emitter gate-cathode construction • Low leakage currents. ..... . and a conduction angle of 180°. . vKGMk ••••••. of 5 0. • Low forward voltage • Low thermal resistance • Exceptionally high stud-torquecapabil ity through use of high-strength copper-alloy stud both forward and reverse drop at high current levels CONTROLLED·RECTIFIER TYPES 2N681 2N682 2N683 2N684 2N685 2N686 2N687 2N688 2N689 2N690 Transient Peak Reverse Voltage (Non-Repetitive). For more than one cycle of applied voltage Peak Gate Power. Storage.

0. on one or both ends of In the UnIted Kingdom.... Note 3. 0.mum p. Minimum at TC = +1250 C •••••••••• Holding Current. Ref.2N690 from Heat Sink. mountinghardware policies may diHer.IGTr: 400 500 600 6.a. Suggested Mounting Arrangement for Insulating Types 2N681 . minimum pitch dia. Mox. Europe. At a Forward Current of 25 amperes and a TC = +650 C ..~_----_~~_--- At TC = +1250 C ••••••.249" Angular orien'tation of these terminals IS unSquare or radius on end of terminal is optional. Junction-to-Case..lity ot all items shown with your ReA sales representatl\le or supplier.. •• 2 # Measured at the center of any of the six major faces DIMENSIONAL UNITS on the perimeter of the hexagonal volts volt ma volts volt ma •..5 ma 6.. Note 4: A chamfer (or undercut) hexagonal portion is optional. check the a\lailabi. and at Indicated Case Temperature. . IRBOAY P: At T C = +1250 C Maximum Average Forward Yoltage Drop..2268 "...5 4 3 2.220" minimum.. °C/watt flange. iHOO t: Typical at TC = +1250 C Maximum Thermal Resistance."' ANODE TERMINAL (STUD) Note 1: Complete threads threads of head. 1/4-28 UNF-2A. . IFBOAY": At TC = +1250 C •. YFAyq: . -••• ~_------------ .••••••••• DC Gate-Trigger Voltage. YGTs: Maximum at TC = -650 to +1250 C •••••• -•• -... of plated threads sholl be basic pitch dia. Dio..•. .. -_. and Africa.'C15"f". Note 2: defined.... to extend to within unthreoded portion 2-1/2 0.6J_Cu •••. of maximum... .2225 ". vBOOm: At TC = +1250 C Maximum Average <DC) Forward Blocking Current.5 ma . OUTLINE o-1NlplNlpf-o JEDEC TO-48 (I) CATHODE (LONG l GATE ~.Electrical and Thermal Characteristics at Maximum Electrical Ratings (unless otherwise specified).. (Screw Thread Standards for Federol Serv.5 4 3 2.. Maximum Average (DC) Reverse Blocking Current. Middle East.. -.tch d. -•• ~_--------_~~ .•••••••• Maximum DC Gate-Trigger Current. TC' CONTROLLED-RECTIFIER TYPES 2N681 2N682 2N683 2N684 2N68S 2N686 2N687 2N688 2N689 2N690 Minimum Forward Breakover Voltage. 0..ces 1957) Hondbook H28 1957 P l..

~~~~~~ [~'lllllllrN!A~T1U~R!AL~C!00!Li' ~.. STUD MOUNTED DIRECTLY ON HEAT SINK.:~f •. SINGLE-PHASE ~l~Dt"_~~~~A~~~D VALUE 150 ~ 125 I. HEAT SINK: 1/16" THICK COPPER WITH A MAT-BLACK SURFACE AND THERMAL EMISSIVITY OF 0.OW ~ 20 'JZCS-II'JZ8R3 ~~ '1 --l'S" :j- '<: gg~~~8[~~ND~~~kfl~I~O.650 C LOAD" RESISTIVE :~~~~~TJV~O=~~~OR~~~~~i?i. a~ I "'~ i1:e- l!i I-- 75 ~~~ - OPERATION.~ ~~ K>O .s'4: 15 ~~ ..9 4J 10 :d> 'X" <l '" W <l ~ ~!j ~~ ~~ d 5 X'" <l=' ~u 25 I 2 4 • • 2 4 • • o 100 200 300 400 500 600 INSTANTANEOUS APPLIED FORWARD OR BLOCKING VOLTAGE (YFBO OR vRBOl-VOLTS 92CS-1l91~R2 REVERSE . !NG~.....Goo- " W'I CATHODE l~·~~' CONDUCTION ANGLE T-I I YF~OM{rep) 5 AVERAGE FORWARD 10 CURRENT 15 (I F)-AMPERES Fig..2 SUPPLY FREQUENCY" 60 CPS SINE WAVE CASE TEMPERATURE (TCl •..

[]\lcn3LJ1] Solid State Division Silicon Controlled Rectifier for High-Current Pulse Applications Features: • Direct Soldered Internal Construction . silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) designed especially for use in radar pulse modulators. switching regulators. and other applications requiring a large ratio of peak to averagecurrent. It is especially constructed for rapid spread of forward cur- three-junction rent over the full junction area to achieve a high rate of change of forward current (dildt) capability and low switching dissipation. . inverters.Assures Exceptional Resistanceto Fatigue The S6431M (formerly RCA type 40216) is an all-diffused.

...... T s~ ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Operating ( ase).•.••. IFRMSd Peak Pulse Current (See Fig...•./dt ~ /- 0- j / "" T 63% i--------- t *=0....••...•.. (non-rep)O vRM •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••.. ..• Peak Reverse Voltage (Repetitive)... Forward Current: For case temperature of +650C.....•.••....••....•.•••....7> Rate of Change of Forward Current........ 40 0.lO and 111 ••.... .4 watts ..• Average..•••••••••.RATINGS CONTROLLED....••.....•......•....63 t: RC ------j V~B OF VFB 1 720 600 volts volts 600 volts 35 900 See Fig. Storage. Dynamic Dissipation: For case temperature of +650 C . POAV9 Temperature: .•. For othe~ case temperatures Gate Power: I Peak.•.•••........7 amperes amperes 30 See Fig.... RMS value.••. vRM (rep)b •••.. FGM (See Figs....•••••• CRITICAL d.. vFBOM (rep)C ••••••.•••. Peak Forward Blocking Voltage (Repetitive)......... TC' •........ for 10 I-lS duration.... ........•••..•...•.RECTIFIER TYPE UNITS S6431M Transient Peak Reverse Voltage (Non-Repetitive).5 watts watt -65 to +150 --65 to +125 °c °c 1~· . Forward or Reverse.•. di/dt" •••..

••.. iFBo' ••••••••••••••.•. .•. and TC = +250 C (See waveshapes of Fig.••••. ..j 3 20 I o tOff~ I 4 MAXIMUM 8 12 16 20 DYNAMIC POWER DISSIPATION-WATTS 24 28 32 (AVERAGE) 92LS-1893 ..2l Turn-Off Time.. tonS.•. Critical dv/dt' .•.•••••••••••••••. Forward. iRBOk Forward Voltage DroP. I w .• Reverse.••. •.••••. I dVF8/dt~1 I NOTE: FORWARD AND REVERSE LOSSES INCLUDED. rise time. 50 IlS pulse width.1 2 0. IGT 200 mA.. and TC +1250 C (See wave shape of Fig... '40 •.... VGTP: At TC = +250 C (See Fig.•••••.. IGT": At TC +250 C(See Fig.•.:: SO I I ~ 60 ~ I I w I I I I -+-----t 9' .•..•. Typ. 40 V> I ----. value).3) Thermal Resistance. vFm •••••••.. r--.lOl •••••••••••••••••. dVFB/dt = 20 VIlls..llls min. exponential rise.•. At TC +1250 C .•..•. VBOOh At T C = + 1250 C •••••••••••••••••••••••••• Instantaneous Blocking Current.jdt 30 A/lls. Junction-to-Cas€ specifiecl).. = ...••• = = VFB = vBOa (min. IGT 200 mA. iF 30 A. Min.••. di. (Delay Time + Rise Time) VFB vBOO (min. 600 - - volts - - 10 10 mA mA mA(dcl See Fig..lOl ••••••••••••. ----:~ I VAB '5 .. iHOOq: At TC +250 C ••••••...-' 100 dir Idt I I \ ~\ \ I ..•••••• = . O.•.:::: '20 ....5 1 25 80 - 1.. Holding Current.5 20 70 20 50 - volts I microsecond - microsecond volts(dcl mA = = = = = = .. Critical Rate of Applied Forward Voltage. .•.•• DC Gate-Trigger Voltage.]) Turn-On Time.Characteristics at Maximum Ratings (unless otherwise ancl at Inclicatecl Case Temperature (T C) Forward Breakover Voltage.•••. and TC +800 C (See wave shapes of Fig. value). Max.•.•. DC Gate-Trigger Current..•.. tofft t (Reverse Recovery Time + Gate Recovery Time) iF = 18 A.

1.~'v' "'. 1000 '"'" '"'"-" ~'"4. 800 .51'5 6 I 4 j 2 11/ II..5~ III' III 20 FORWARD Fig.•I FROM "'?~ .s !Ii i 4.:+- 1. II 600 '"'" '" G \~~'Jo 1/ 0- z 'l-~' . f0 0. 5-Forward 22 30 VOLTAGE (vF)-VOLTS voltage-current characteristics as a function of time.?' '".~ .1 0 '" ~ '~ " 400 V 200 I! II ~ ~ 0.I~~~~ f1..1 /.51'5 I 2. 6-lnstantaneous forward dissipation-forward istics as a function of time. 'U NOTE: 800 TIMES INDICATED FROM BEGINNING PULSE.I '# '/.s /io.s 20 l.5 ••s 18 ::: I I 16 ~ ~ ~ " 1 14 ::i TC:650C 1000 J 113uS / C = " ~ ~ " ~ ~ 12 I J I / I / / / 1/ 10 8- I / 0.. BEGINNING TIn II I~JLI-b~. / I M § 3. current character- .5.TC : 65·C GATE PULSE: 500 mA TIMES INDICATED ARE MEASURED OF CURRENT PULSE.s J / / ~ '" '"x ~ I I I 77 J / II I I 7 ITJ -J II 900 I / / 5.~'" ".s 700 600 500 400 300 200 #~Ous 100 'I V. ARE MEASUREO OF CURRENT r 92LM-lItO Fig.s 1 1 I II I 2. 71..~..

.0 2 '\1 BAS.- i .25·C III MAXIMUM VOLTAGE AT WHICH NO UNIT WILL TRIGGER FOR TJ:+ 125 0 C II 4 6 - 11 II - MAXIMUM GATE TRIGGER CURRENT FOR INDICATED _ JUNCTION .V fALL 2 z ~300 1 B~SE "- ::l ~ "' •.. ITJI TJ'-65'CI I111I 1 "I· ± 8 0.J- I "- t:3 3000 ~ ~ 2000 z .:: 10k ~ ! .E.....s BlASE llDTJ SEl r " 1'\ 1\ 8' 0 BASE WIDTH ~ 0 ~ '\11 400C ....Ipeilk ~ 4000 JE....•• 16" BASE'MOTH " _RISE2 s ~ ~ .1.•.1 1I11111111 2 4 6 8 _. liS \' ~ w 2000 t'-.:: II --Ll. FALLI- I ~ ~ 1000 ...SIP...U~~ UMIT I I I I ...• .116.6S"C (REVERSE fBArT' OISSIPATION NOT INCLUOEO I'-- - " RISE ~ ~ Il I tALLt" . NOTE: FOR 30 WATTHVERAGE FORWARO OISSIPATION AT Tc ...lI.TTEMr~~~~URE. NOTE: r- FOR 30 WATTS AVERAGE FOR- WARO OISSIPATION AT TC ' 6S' C (REVERSE OISSIPATION NOT INCLUOEO) AVERAGE GATE ~IS.WIDTH.:: ~ 1000 7\ \ '\ ~ '..•••.

emel.1 . 11-Reverse gate characteristics. 1. 'h. MIN..8 13.vcv---- File No. 0. mountinghardware policies shown with your DIMENSIONAL may ReA differ..uds(ASA 81.."el.r-(R/lfURE MEllSUR(~(NT _.3Xl .113 0. .-28 F J M N .71 11.Cathode Stud. isop.3 .950 0215 0422 0058 0.100 .6 REVERSE GATE 0. 1-1960f.. 0. ': 28 UNF 21\.io"el.94 - 24.cul 0" 0". check the availability sales representative or supplier.562 0200 - 00.tedl 0. u"d".50 1. - ..m.28 - 287 5..4 CURRENT - _. OW MAX. In the United Kingdom.13 3_15 - UNF-2A 2 - - NOTES 1 Contou.18110" of .. Europe. j S6431 M .(co. 5.81 13 82 14.Gate No. bo. 247 REVERSE o MAXIMUM . No. No.J"" SEATING PLANE oT ¢T.2 .08 27. 0225 0·153 0068 1072 .ol A chamle. RUER(NCE POINT FOR CASE TE". 0"e.e le. 47 351 Y.5014 05<)5 0544 0.""THR'Ao DF6B MICA INSULATOR AV"'LABUATPVOL'SHED HMmWAREPR1C€S 40 GATE :RESISTANCE.hes.2 0 AMPERES 92C5-13360 Fig. -1. Middle East.13 ".on of all items .~~: I 0. OUTLINE JEDEC TO-48 MILLIMETERS INCHES NOTES SYMBOL MIN. . 0. MAX A O. O.-28 0148 U!\lF·2A 3 .h e"ds 01 he_agonel pon. and Africa.A- 12.Anode '''II"r.nd Pilchd.138 Y.

All-Diffused FEATURES- Power-Switching Types for Power-Control and Applications • all-diffused construction-assures exceptional uniformity and stabil ity of characteristics 1J • multi-diffusion process-permits precise. -:. . and efficient heat dissipation • designed to meet stringent military mental and mechanical specifications • exceptionally environ- • low forward voltage drop at high current levels • low thermal resistance • except ionall y high stud-torque capabi Iity through use of high-strength copper-alloy stud rugged terminals CATHODE " $" I. of Silicon . control of individual junction parameters JEDEC TO-48 • direct-soldered internal construction-assures exceptional resistance to fatigue . three-junction silicon devices for use in power-control and power- switching applications requiring blockingvoltage capabilities to 500 volts and forward-current capability of 10 amperes (average value) or 16 amperes (rms value).l .Typical £-1 Characteristic Contra lled-Rect ifier.Thyristors OOC05LJD Division are 2N1845A 2N1846A 2N1847A 2N1842A 2N1843A 2N1844A Solid State 2N1848A 2N1849A 2N1850A RCA-2N1842A-2N1850A con t ro 11 ed-rec t i fi ers all-diffused.. l'l.-hermetic seals • shorted emitter gate-cathode construction • low leakage currents.p) Fig. :':-\IRM(non-r~1 ~F~M(repl "\/RM(r. to assure construction-provides rapid electrical con- duction. both forward and reverse • each unit aged at maximum dependable performance ratings • welded construction • symmetrical uniform gate-cathode current density.

.5 5 4 3 ma 25 volts Current Maximum Average Forward Vol tage Drop Maximum OC Gate Trigger Current OC Gate-Trigger Voltage: Minimum Holding Current (Typi cal) Maximum Thermal Resistance. and at Indicated Case Temperature.:~ward Blocking IFBOAV 11 +125 Maximum Average Reverse Blocking IRBOAV 12 +125 VFAV 13 +80 . · . of the . 45 • VGr 15 Breakover Vol tage rrent UN ITS 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 500 22.7 0. 'I'C CHARACTERISTICS .RATINGS . Junction- * Numerical N . {+125 +100 . volts volts volt volt ma °Clwatt .5 6 5. vol tage PEAK GATE POWER PGM AVERN:.25 0. °c CONTROLLED-RECT I F I ER TYPE 2NISQ2A 2NJSQ3A 2NISQQA 2NISQ5A 2NISQ6A 2N ISQ7A 2NJSQSA 2NJSQ9A 2NJS50A vllXl 10 +125 'f.2 .5 6 5.1 9 Reverse Ta1PERA1URE: - Tstg TC TFA Storage ( Case)# (Free. SYMBOLS TRANSIENT PEAK REVERSE \GLTN:.5 6.fiiimum . hexagonal flange.5 6.~erage ~. See Fig.ai r) See Fig. IGT 14 +125 . 3 5 0.1 Characteristics at Maximum Electrical Ratings (unless othe1'Wise specified).5 19 12. 2 ed vol tage Operating 400 5 For more than one eyel e Operating 2NIS50A 10 iFM(surge) UNITS 2NISq9A 600 and con· angles PEAK SURGE QJRRENT: of 350 200 50 1FAV one 300 150 75 AVERN:. 10 5 . .5 3. 1..5 19 12. .3 {-40 -65 .5 . watt anp .5 5 4 3 ma 22. major faces and on Definitions the perimeter ma · · 8 Terms.REPETI TI VE) PEAK REVERSE \QLTAGE ( REPETITIVE) REF. . .. OC OC Electrical and Then'Ii]. volts t on of page the 4.E FORWARDaJRRENT· For a case temperaturdF of +800 C and a conducti on angl e 0 f 1800 For other case tem- appli 225 35 25 3 For 150 1 2 vFIDM ( rep) peratures duction 2NISqqA vAM (non-rep) PEAK FORWARD IL()(](ING \QLTAGE (REPETITIVE) CONTROLLED-RECTIFIER TYPE 2NISq5A 2NISq6A 2NISq7A 2NISqSA 2NISq3A volts • volts . Maximum 2 six Symbols. SYMBOLS Minimum Forward TC REF.. 3. of 125 applied . 4 · MJl • watts 2 I MJl .E GATE POWER PGAV 6 7 PEAK FORWARD GATE aJRRElIIT i(J{M 8 PEAK FORWARD GATE \QLTAGE: Forward vK(}. -65 to +125 -65 to +125 See Fig. Measured to-Case iHOO 16 +125 8JC 17 - to Table References at the center are of any of ·. 2NISq2A 100 250 vRM (rep) 4 cycle 500 600 volts 300 400 500 volts volts .E (NON.

6 • 20 92CS-11905R3 Fig..:. 2N1842A Fig.CONTROLLED-RECTIFIER STUD'It: ::::-i MOUNTED DIRECTLY ON HEAT SINK.:::-: 9 :~~ -:::----" ~_ ~ :-:~..Operat ion Guidance Chart for Types 2N1842A through 2N1850A.5 I 1.4 ...9 _::~.. Fig.l "" . 2 ..Gate Trigger-Current Characteristic for Types 2N1842A through '2N1850A. ~.:... . 6 .. 6 .Typical Forward andReverse Leakage Characteristics for Types 2N1842A through '2N1850A.. SINGLE-PHASE OPERATION.-.-r:r'.:0::-::.-----r--...Maximum Forward Characteristics for Types 2N1842A through 2N1850A.: .:....:-: -=::::: -:-:::::'" . CONDUCTION ANGLE= 1800 -: . 75 :1 .-.•.. 1~ . 3 .5 .••.u o 1.. . • . 0 OSlO AVERAGE FORWARD CURRENT (IFAV 15 )-AMPERES .. 100 200 300 400 500 INSTANTANEOUS APPLIED FORWARD OR REI/ERSE BLOCKING VOLTAGE (vFeo OR vRsol-VOLTS -75 o o -~ -25 a 25 ~ 75 100 125 CASE TEMPERATURE (TC)-OC 92CS-II908RI Fig._ HE:TMi~~~~~I~.5 3 INSTANTANEOUS FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP (vr!-VOlTS 92CS-1l912R1 Fig..Rat ing Chart for Types through 2N1850A. ~ -=~_::--::.... 7 . 50 :t~ 25 . NATURAL COOLING.-- .•..I'80· SUPPLY FREQUENCY 1I: 60 CPS SINE WAvE CAS[ TEMPERATURE (TC) =80· C LOAO-RESISTIVE ~~~~V~C:::R~E~~~~~~. Fig.5 2 2.~~~~C~O~~EOR WITH THERMAL EMISSIVITY OF 0.:~~~v~~~J:::~~~~~ttlEO VALUE 150 CONDUCTION ANGLE 125 '" ~~ 100 a~ ~.-~ _ .Surge Current Rating Chart for Types 2N1842A through 2N1850A. o 0.

01 A. ies L."'E PRICES ~} ~ ~ \OJ In the United Kingdom.Vol tage Charaeterist for Types 2N1842A through 2N1850A.226B".2ij9" MAXIMUM.:~~oIAT-- r E NOTE 2 1--:-. shown Sugges tedMount ing Arrangement 'lN1842A. 0. 0. SQUARE OR RADIUS ON END OF TERMINAL IS OPTIONAL. . Middle East. mountinghardware policies may differ.8 .v~.". IB. (CHASSIS) e DF3H 'NSULATlNGSUS"'NG f. e-OF" MICA o INSULATOR AVAllA8I. for Insulat ing Types HoTE I: COMPLETE THREADS TO EXTEND TO WITHIN 2 1/2 THREADS OF HEAD.L~ 140 l075 T t~~~ 1 I . PRICES ~:~CTOR o I'flICES NRll. MINIMUM PITCH DIA. (SCREW THREAD STANDARDS FOR FEDERAL SERViCES 1957) HANDBOOK H28 1957 Pl. Europe.I:"~LlfN:TU~:L~~~D ~~ HAROWARE LOCK WASHER NA38B HEXNUT (1.544 MAX.060 CIA 875 MA I U 'GATE q GE REO T TRIG Eft A UNITS RED ~T1NG 453 PLANE A22 j Fig.~:U~'~:E~' --. HoTE 3: 1/ij-28 UNF-2A.n~ . HoTE~: A CHAMFER (OR UNDERCUT) ON ONE OR BOTH ENDS OF HEXAGONAL PORTION IS OPTIONAL.OO mm) MAX.A in.fO'\ DF68 HARDWARE ". ~-. ~ 0. OF UN THREADED PORTION O.L O.'2N1850A from Heat Sink. HoTE 2: ANGULAR ORIENTA.ION OF THESE TERMINALS IS UNDEFINED."'""'". MAXIMUM PITCH DIA. 0. REF. check the availability of all items with your ReA sales representative or supplier.0.-0.Gate Trigger. .53mm) MAX..• l£ ATPUaLl$HED HAROWA.220" MINIMUM.2225". • "" •••V •••'L ••. ~ ~ L-:' 1~gr.315 ~ :~~~~~. and Africa.EATPU8ll$l-l£D HAROWAREPAICES ~"'''. OF PLATED THREADS SHALL 8E BASIC PITCH DIA.

•.•.. heat construction rapid electrical .• ..•••••• Soldering (10 s max..•••••.. Operating (Case). . •• ...••..•••••••••. controlled intended high dv/dt.assures uniform gate. conduction angle of 1800 RMS value ••.) ••.•. 200.•••••••• .) •.••.. and high di/dt up to 25 kHz.. characteristics to 2N3653 voltage ratings Type S7430M are (reverse-blocking for high-speed as power inverters.••••• ITSM IT(AV) IT(RMS) di/dt PGM PG(AV) 'TEMPERATURE RANGE Storage ....' 'In accordance with JEDEC registration data format (J&-14. RDFU-applies to the JEDEC (2N-Seriesl types only.. 300.. t.•. ..1 fJ-S (See Fig. •• 'PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) ON-STATE CURRENT: For one cycle of applied principal voltage (60 Hz. has a forward and reverse off-state voltage rating of 600 volts.- . • High di/dt 35·AMPERE SILICON CONTROLLED RECTI FI ERS resistance 2N3651 2N3652 2N3653 S7430M VRSOM 150 300 400 500 700 V VDSOM 150 300 400 500 700 V VRROM 100 200 300 400 600 V VDROM 100 200 300 400 600 V VOLTAGE . for case) ..Thyristors 2N3650 2N3651 2N3652 2N3653 S7430M [Il(]5LJD Solid State Division RCA·2N3650 to all·diffused triode 2N3653.IS • Symmetrical capability construction gate dissipation construction and stability .•. .. I.•... •.. •..••••. ••• GATE capabilities gate.provides conduction. .... •••.•.. ••••••..••. max.. dissipation construction • Low thermal 2N3650 'NON-REPETITIVE Gate Open .- .. 11-73 .. and They feature fast turn-off... 2) 'GATE POWER DISSIPATION PEAK FORWARD (for 10 fJ-S max...current • Shorted.~ 0.. silicon thyristors) tions such high·current inclusive.diffused uniformity Fast Turn-Off Types for Inverter and Pulse Applications max...••• NON-REPETITIVE PEAK FORWARD VOLTAGE Gate Open ..••••••••••. sinusoidal) ON-STATE CURRENT: For case temperature (Te) = 250C Average DC value.. ••••••••••• . •••••••••••••••••. and 400 volts...cathode and reverse CATHODE off-state of 100. frequencies and the S7430M* rectifiers have forward and may be used at and reverse • Fast turn·aff time -15 and dv/dt • High peak.• .•••••.•..emitter • Forward • AII.cathode current and efficient ratings exceptional • Hermetic of characteristics PEAK REVERSE .. respectively..:) ".•. AVERAGE (averaging time ~ 10 ms. •••.. •.•.• VOLTAGE .•.- 180 25 35 400 40 1 -65 to 150 -65 to 120 225 ~ ~ •.••••••• 'REPETITIVE Gate Open PEAK OFF-STATE VOLTAGE ••••••••• . ... •••• density. pulse applications. The 2N3650 switching applica· switching regulators. ~ ~ A A A A/fJ-s W W °C °C °C ~ C/l (') :J.... 'REPETITIVE Gate Open PEAK REVERSE •••••••••••••.~ •.•••.•••••••••• •••••••• 'RATE-OF-CHANGE OF ON-STATE CURRENT: VDM ~ v(BQ)O' IGT ~ 200 mA..- .

VRX = 15 min. VRO ••A = VRROM INSTANTANEOUS ON·STATE VOLTAGE: For iT" 25 A.7 - - 1. MAX.ELECTRICAL Unless CHARACTERISTICS. TYP MAX.l .05 - - 2. TYP. RL = 20011. T C = 25 °c DC GATE TRIGGER CURRENT: Vo = 6 V (DC). MAX.5 "s). TC Vo Vo V INSTANTANEOUS HOLDING CURRENT: Gate Open At TC =25 0c At TC =-65 °c - 80 180 - 80 180 150 500' - 150 500' V ••A - 1.7 - - 1.25' - - 0.5 3 - 1. TYP. VOO = VOROM 100M - - 6 - - 6 - - 5. TC (See Fig_ 4.5' - 2 4.5' - 2 4. VRX = 30 V min.25' - - 0.05 - 80 180 - 80 180 - 80 180 150 500' - 150 500' - 150 on REVERSE.5 - - 4 - - 3 IRROM - - 6 - - 6 - - 5.05 - - 2. TC = 120 °c = 6 V (DC). T C = 120 oC V(BOlO 100 - - 200 - - 300 - - 400 - - 600 - - PEAK OFF-STATE CURRENT: (Gate ()pen. T C = 120 °C) FORWARD. MIN. MIN. CIRCUIT C<J. 6 & 7) THERMAL RESISTANCE: Jlllctioo-to-Case 1. VGK = 0 V (at turn-off). RL = 411 .5 3 - 1..5 3 0. MIN.7 - - - - 1.5 3 - 1.) = 120 0c. INSTANTANEOUS FORWARD BREAKOVER VOLTAGE: Gate Open. RL = 411. MIN. IGT = 200 lOA dv/dt = 200 V/"s.. Otherwise At Maximum Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (TC) Specified LIMITS CHARACTERISTIC Type 2N3650 SYMBOL Type 2N3651 Type 2N3652 Type 2N3653 Type S7430M UNITS MIN. MAX.5' - 2 4.5 - - 4 - - 3 - 2.25' - - 0. TYP.5 3 - 1.lMUTATEO TU RN-OF F TIME (Rectangular Pulse): VOX = VOR<J. -<li/dt = 5 AI"s.5' - 2 4. RL = 211. MAX. TYP. T C DC GATE TRIGGER VOLTAGE: Vo = 6 V (DC).05 - - 2. iT = 100 A (pulse duratioo = 1.25 - - - 2 4.05 - - 2. TC Vo vT = 25 °c = -65 OC IGT = 25 0c = VOROM. VGK = 0 V (at turn-otf). IGT = 200 lOA at turn-OIl.5 - - 75 150 150 350 - 75 150 150 350 - 75 150 150 350 - 75 150 150 350 - 75 150 150 350 lOA dv/dl 200 - - 200 - - 200 - - 200 - - 200 - - V/"s lq - 11 15 - II 15 - 11 15 - 11 15 - II 15 "s lq - 12 15' - 12 15' - 12 15' - 12 15' - 12 15 "s eJ-C - - 1. RL = 211.7 °CIW iHO V CRITICAL RATE-OF-RISE OF OFF-STATE VOLTAGE: Voo = VOROM Exponential rise. TC = 115 °c (See Fig.25 - - 0.7 . dv/dt = 200 V/"s. iT = 10 A (pulse duratioo = 50 "s). TC = 120 OC (See Fig_ 4 & 5) CIRCUIT COMMUTATEO TURN-OFF TIME (Half-Sinusoidal Waveform): VOX = VOROM. T C = -65 °c VGT = 6 V (DC).

. and reverse current. 9 1 I------- I RC I q ----t ------l I Fig. Ere. rectangular pulse. SUPPLY VOLTAGE $UPPl Y VOLTAGE ~II II~ *FQR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON GATE TRIGGER CIRCUITS.:----i- o ~VRX VRXM i I I I I : -1-I I 'TX. on-state current.7 TO JEOEC SECTION STANDARD 6.204.~ I" ------l ~---r' r . 1 -----r- I I• ~"0631 t" .------0 I Iff '" . __ 1 . - L __ fRXM . showing reference points defining turn-off time (tgJ. .2. reverse voltage. 4-Relationship between off-state voltage. REFER No. I VRSOM----l ~VRROM / dvd'""'I I VDX -------.

half sine wave pulse.0 _ VOLTAGE ANODE· CATHODE I I I I VRX. 8. and reverse current showing referencepoinrs for specification oftum-off time (tq).l I Fig. on-state current. This required case-ta-air thermal resistance included both case-ta-heat sink and heat sink-toair thermal resistances.• (RM5) LIMIT ~ 100 PEAK ON·STATE CURRENT (lTM)-A 1~ . ~II I ~'q---. needed to operate . case to air. COOLING CONSIDERATIONS The overall thermal resistance. the required thermal resistance. Thermal resistance characteristics of commercial heat sinks are contained in various manufacturers' data sheets. Typical values of case-ta-heat sink thermal resistances for different mounting arrangements are shown in Table l. 6-Relationship between off-state voltage. CURRENT WAYEFORM 'T:=ru --J2:--J 35 . reverse volt· age. case to air.these devices at a given current and a specific ambient air temperature is shown in Fig. For example: dissipation of 20 watts and an ambient air temperature of 43 °c (110 OF). is 2 °C/W.

J . 0-1 -tt-J ! OFF-STATE VOLTAGE (VDX)" 600 V RATE·Of·RISE OF OFF-STATE VOLTAGE (d."'..I. PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE (VRXM)" 200 V HALF·SINUSOIDAL CURRENT WAVE FORM CASE TEMPERATURE (Tel" l1S 0( o -./dt) •• 200 V/~ •. L.-1"\.CURRENT WAVEFORM CURRENT WAvEFORM -A-A 0-' ITM -tt-J \ RATE·(F-RISE toO (IF REAPPLIED 200 OFf-SlAlE VOLlAGE )0() (d...t)-Y/lI• "".J \ 1110 1 L...

SINUSOIDAL CURRENT WAVE FORM CASE TEMPERATURE (TC>. CASE TEMPERATURE .\~~~"i'~$~:ij:ijt •. 600 V RECTANGULAR CURRENT PULSE RATE-OF-DESCENT OF ON-STATE CU RRENT (-di/dt)· 10 Alus • .~'4:- I'II~III .lIC' S ~~ RECTANGULAR PULSE (FORWARD CURRENT) WIDTH.. PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE (VAXM>· 200 V HALF. "j'jEjTEj"jPiERj'iTiURiEi(iTcjlj"j'i"'IOCiiiiimilllII . ~ :+-.~~f{f 10 .~ (T >.... r~ ~~~.. 200 VIt.i"oc ."t... a ~ ffi ~ SO•• . • ••g) 2 . c. 120 ore 'OOOC ". 600 V RATE-OF-RISE OF OFF-STATE VOLTAGE (d"/dt).. 1150( REAPPLIED OFF-STATE VOLTAGE (VOX>...IN5TAHTANEOUS OFF-STATE VOLTAGE ("OX).t:~'\~ ••f(.

A chamfer or undercut on one or both ends of hexagonal portion is optional.90C/W TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT A -=(:I: PLANE NG 92CS-15208R2 INCHES MIN.'" 0.t.S7430M ~ _ Directly mounted on heat sink (HeatSink Compound: Dow Corning 340 silicone heat-sink compound.) heat-sink Dow Corn ing compound.' NOTES 2 - . -lb. • "'V"'L"IIU Compound: 340 silicone equivalent.w is 26 to 36 in. P. Of "'PU8~IS"ED -Normal ROW"REPA'CES value.2N3650.:~~LIS"E() .08 24.94 5. will vary slightly insulator depending thickness.i: INSULATOR . 1 2 NOTES: 1. 12. F J M N or .28 2. or equivalent.80C/W compound MAX Heat-Sink ~::~~:~~ :. REF: Screw·Thread Standards for Federal Services.13 27. ~ HEXNUT "l::J) NOTE 1: Dimensions in parentheses rived from the basic inch dimensions NOTE 2: The recommended DIMENSIONAL JEDEC I I .1PU8L1SH£O •• . heat-sink With heat-sink CONNECTOR -" o Mounted on heat sink with a 0. 2. II.. 3. Europe.o.72 11.138 0. and etc.\ I II TERM INAL NO.81 13.148 1/4·28 UNF·2A MILLIMETERS MIN. .505 0.46 5.10 to O.5« 0.Gate Terminal 2 (Large Lug) .562 0. MAX. 0. compound.87 5.'" 0.o.rt I Recommended Torque: 25 inch·pounds.73 3.-__ SYMBOL torque are in millimeters as indicated. The applied during installation should not exceed 50 in.EO G 2N3650.~~~~~~~:..o.100 0.47 1. (0.. and are deapplied to a torque OUTLINE TO-48 .0. MAX. 2N3651..330 0.422 0.Anode . In the United Kingdom. Contour and angular orientation of th&se t8l'"minall is optional.53 40735 (~~:~~~7K 0---- -fO\ ~. TERMINAL CONNECTIONS Terminal 1 (Small Lug) .82 14. 4lW is pitch diameter of coated threads. on use of heat sink mounting torque.51 3.453 0.200 1.113 0.006-in.l5-mm) thick mica insulating washer (between unit OF3H ~~NR68A PRtCES 0. mountinghardware policies may differ.5« 0.50 1. .VAlllleu.004 to 0.75 1/4·28 UNF·2A 8.71 10.' -- LJ _f.80C/W 1.RDWAR( ~~~O~~SHER NA388" and heat sink). Without INSULATING BUSHING ~no~g6~.2N3653.2N3652.215 0.) 1/' 28THR'Ao ~ oF68 ~ •• AROWIilA(I'R'C(S ~~~~ .058 0.Cathode Terminal 3 (Stud) .225 0. -lb. \4-28 UNF-2B hex nut assembled on thread. 00.~t~m) ~H~CK~'~~ compound 2.8 13. and Africa.2 A . check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier. Middle East. ©} Actual mounting value surface. Handbook H28.T.~'7.

. _ PEAK OFF-STATE VOLTAGE:' . t. Gate must be open or negatively biased . 'PEAK SURGE (NON· REPETITIVE) ON-STATE CURRENT: For one full cycle of applied principal voltage 60 Hz (sinusoidal) 35 25 A 180 A di/dt 400 A/!. 0. TEMPERATURE lOuring soldering): For 10 s max. reduced PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE:' NON-REPETITIVE Gate Open 'REPETITIVE faster turn-on with substantially heating effects resistance These RCA types are all-diffused.IGT 200 mA. ° angle R~_ VOSOM 75 VRROM 150 50 VOROM 50 100 100 200 200 180 = _ . silicon controlled rectifiers designed for high-frequency power-switching applications such as inverters.. VRSOM PEAK OFF-STATE may be used at frequencies up to 75 150 300 400 500 700 V 300 400 500 700 V 300 400 600 V 300 400 600 V VOLTAGE:' . (Case) . • Any product of gate current and gate voltage which results in a gate power less than the maximum is permitted .s 12t 165 A2s 'PGM 40 1 W W ITIRMS) IT(AV) ITSM A OF CHANGE OF ON-STATE CURRENT: o= = = V VOROM. . See Fig. see Dimensional Outline. Absolute-Maximum Values: Gate Open 'REPETITIVE Gate Open applications. • Average . (terminals and casel STUD TORQUE: Recommended Maximum (00 PG(AVI Tstg TC -65 to 150 -65 to 120 °c °c TT 225 °c 35 in-Ib 50 in-lb 1"S NOT EXCEEO) • In accordance with JEDEC registration data format (JS-14. SCR protection): TJ 'GATE types PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE:' ON-STAT~ CURRENT: T C = 40 C.1!... switching regulators.ffilCffiLJD Solid State Division 2N3654 2N3655 2N3656 2N3657 S7432M 2N3658 • Fast turn-off • High di/dt 'I time .3 m. • These values do not apply if there is a positive gate signal. conduction 'RATE These 25 kHz. contains an internally diffused resistor between gate and cathode = ISee Fig.lS max. . POWER DISSIPATION:' Peak Forward (for 10 IJs max. RDF-1) filed for the JEDEC (2N series) types. 151 = -65 to 120 C.' FUSING CURRENoT lfo. provides rapid uniform gate-current spreading for Anode • MAXIMUM capabilities • Shorted-emitter gate-cathode construction .10 J. and high-current pulse 'NON-REPETITIVE Gate Open • Center gate construction .. and dv/dt Low thermal RATINGS. t 1 to 8.l 'TEMPERATURE RANGE:· Storage Operating TERMINAL " .• For temperature measurement reference point. 7) Average (averaging time = 10 ms max.

5* - - 10 iJ. RL =4n. ..Power dissipation vs. = tq - Re-JC - Isee Figs.. ..2N3655.. Voltage: ... r--I I I I VRSOll~ ""-VRROll 'I" b.d..... TC = 120°C tq Isee Figs. . 6V (de).I L".. dv/dt = 200 V/iJ._ LiDO : IVOSOM I VOROM SO PEAK ON-STATE 100 CURRENT 150 (llM) -..... .4318~1 . . 16) DC Gate Trigger V Current: Gate open. VD= VDROM' RL = 200n. - - 6 - 5.s...j '. VGK = 0 V lat turn·off).. IGT = 200 mA... .... 200 92SS. T C = 25°C Holding ..... .. RL = 2n.7 °C/W CURRENT WAVEFORM ITM_I\_" L.. .. T C = 120°CI Forward Current IIDOM) Reverse Current IDOM or at VD = VDROM (I ROM I at V R = V R ROM IROM . ... T C = 25°C VD= mA On-State Voltage: Instantaneous Critical UNITS TYP.. Fig. pulse duration = 1. TC= _65°C Commutated (Rectangular V/!1s . 2N3657 2N3658 Instantaneous . . Circuit Commutated (Sinusoidal VDX Turn-Off Time: Pulse) = VDROM' iT = 100 A. ....05 - 75 150 iHO 150 350* dv/dt 200 - - - 80 180 IGT 150 500* - 1...S. exponential voltage rise...s.. 0-' -I... . . .. . ...... ... .... mA V Time: Pulse) VDX = VDROM' iT = 10 A. iT = 25 A (peak). .. .S Current: (Gate open.2N3656. .. VGK = 0 V lat turn-off) TC = 115°C Thermal Resistance Steady-State. 2N3654. ..... RL = 4 n. . Gate open. Voltage: V D = V DROM. VD = 6 V (de).. ..s 10 iJ. .... . MIN.... .s.... Peak Off·State TYPES Except as Specified Turn-Off . T C = _65°C ..5 3 VGT 0...5 - 4 vT - - 2... TC= 120°C VD=6 V Idel.25* - - - 2 4. . peak on-state current. DC Gate Trigger TC= 25°C TC= _65°C .. TC = 120°C Isee Fig.. Rate of Rise of Off· State . RL = 2n. VD= ...... VRX = 15 V min. . ..LIMITS FOR ALL SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC MAX.... ...5 !...di/dt = -5 A/iJ.. . dv/dt 200 V/iJ.. pulse duration = 50 !1S. . 2 . .J . 19 & 20).. VRX = 30 V min......s7432M . 17 & 18) Junction-to-Case: - 1. .... TG = 25°C Circuit mA Current: 6 V (de).....

CURRENT vs. 3 .CURRENT ITM WAvEFOR CURRENT . ~.•.05 ~J o. (RittS) LIMIT fft WAVEFORM 'T:TLJ _-fLJ'\ .•..1" I- 100 ON-STATE CURRENT 1~ (IT/II)-''' .•••.. peak W"'VEFORM 'T:TLJ ~.Maximum allowable case-temperature on-state current.'s..---l -'2--1 '1 '2.---l 35 •.. ~< 35· . 0. (RM5) 1I1tl1T m PEAK ms·ml Fig.

RISE 92S5·4348 Fig.'. ~ CIJRRE'" ~Eto.~.so. dt)-V ~s 9255-4347 Typical variation of turn-off time with rate-of-rise of reapplied off-state voltage (rectangular pulse).F~F'~\T!A~TE!!VOlL1TA1G.~ s PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE (VRXM)" 200 V HALf· SINUSOIDAL CURRENT WAVE fORM CASE TEMPERATURE (TC) " 115 oC CURRENT CASE TEMPERATURE I "" :::' (IT)" (TC)" ~\'~.V. Fig.. 14 - Of REAPPLIED 200 OFF·STATE VOLTAGE JOO (d.~.Of·DESCENT Of ON· STATE-CURRENT (·di (II)" 10 A ~ s 600 V -l.Typical variation of turn-off time with peak on-state current (half-sine-wave pulse).Of.REAPPLIED Off· STATE VOLTAGE (Vox)" RATE. 13 .E~(V1D!)j --.:C': i':'~ ii-:: o lOO RATE.i]"~ff=ff=~ S 20 A (RECTANGULAR PULSE) 1200C :-:-:::.Of..~O"'-')'to..O.RISE Of REAPPLIED OFf-STATE VOLTAGE (d.:llllllll r 15 50 ~ s . . dt)= 200V/~s CURRENT PULSE·WIDTH (RECTANGULAR)" RATE.' ON·STATE Off·STATE VOLTAGE (VOX)" 600 V RATE·Of-RISE Of OFF-STATE VOLTAGE (dy/dl)" 200 v. SO to.

63 dl I t= RC SII Fig. 19 . VDX -------. 17 . on·state current. reverse VOltage. and reverse current showing reference points for specification of turn-off time (tq). ~~~jll II~ . rectangular pulse. and reverse current showing reference points defining turn-off time (tq). half-sinewave pulse.Relationship between off-state voltage.2Y.Relationship between off-state voltage. on-state current.CRITICAL dv/d' ~ / 2 . reverse voltage.=O.:----i- o ~VRX I I I I I I - -----0 I I 'n -------'9' I ------1 I 'q SUPPLY VOLTAGE vRXM I ----I Fig.

544 0. 0. or No.47 0.-Ib.·lb. compound.'L/l.87 5.2 .505 - 2.330 . Ya-28 torque Services.~~c~~'~~i ~nO~g6~i~7:.BLEATPUBLISHEO H/l.148 3.CES ~} WASHER ~ NA38B ~ HEXNUT ~ In the United Kingdom.CES NRll0A LOCK - AVA'LABLE/l.73 3.113 0. 2N3658 S7432M MAX. Standards for Torque: Federal value.10 to 0.46 10.~t~~) MAX.422 I 02~ 5..94 M 0. 4JW. hex: nut assembled installation should on thread.100 24. .8°C/W With heat-sink compound 1.1 .75 UNF·2A 1.Anode Handbook H28.50 0. Without heat-sink compound Heat-Sink Campaunt: MIN. No. DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE JEDEC TO-48 MOUNTING TYPE THERMAL RESISTANCE* (Case-to-Heat Sink) ARRANGEMENT INCHES Directly mounted on heat sink (Heat- NOTES 0. 10.~ "•• ."m" ~OF~ MICA INSULATOR ~AVAILA8LEATPV8LISHEO ~ HAROWAREPR'CES CD "'AT"NK (CHASSIS) e DF3H INSULATING BUSHING 0---.068 1.453 UNF·2A 1/4·28 1.ROWAREPR.VA'LA8LEATPU8LlSHEO o H/l.T. mountinghardware policies may differ.006-in.138 0. 0.is.Gate No.08 0.TPU8L'SHEO :/l. NOTE 2: Actual will vary slightly depending on use of heat sink mounting surface.) *Normal 1 NOTES: REF: Dow Corning 8.200 2. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.004 to 2N3654- MILLIMETERS SYMBOL Sink Campaunt: Dow Corning 340 silicone heat-sink compound.8°C/W 12.562 13.215 5.::~REI'RICES CONNECTOR AV/l. not exceed applied to a The applied 50 in.51 .T . The recommended UNF-2B during torque is 35 in.Cathode Case.pitch Part diameter Screw·Thread I Recommended of coated threads.) F 0.28 0.ROWAREPR.3 .15-mml thick mica insulating washer (between unit and heat sink). and Africa.950 1.72 11. Middle East.13 27.71 N 0.0. or equivalent.4 J .544 - 13. 35 inch·pounds. and etc. equivalent.w 1/4·28 0.82 14. Europe.9°C/W . 340 silicone heat-sink compound._~~'- A Mounted on heat sink with a 0.058 0.8 - 0. mounting torque.81 0. 0 -@) ifT ~i~: INSULATOR /l. insulator thickness.

Rectifiers .

5 15 mA mA mA A A 165 165 165 165 -65 to +175 150 150 °c °c DC: at TA = 50°C. mechanical and life requirements of prime importance in military applications: (a) special temperature-cycling tests to assure stable performance over the entire operating temperature range. Storage. _ Surge. for a Supply PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE .. (2) axial leads for flexibility of circuit connections. In addition. 300. 200. respectively.. IN442B. 400. One-Cycle TEMPERATURE RANGE (Ambient): Operating. dc ':Jlocking circuits. and other military md industrial applications.5 15 650 400 0 3.75 ampere at an ambient temperature of 250C.. FORWARD CURRENT:a Frequency DIFFUSED· JUNCTION SILICON RECTIFIERS For Power-Supply Applications In Industrial and Military Electronic Equipment • stringent environmental insure dependable military applications • hermetically • wide s'laled and JEDEC operating.RCA-IN440B. and peak reverse voltage ratings of 100. The IN440B through IN445B feature (1) sturdy and compact mount structure. to and . and IN445B are heTlretically sealed silicon rectifiers of the diffused-junction type.5 15 750 500 250 3. power supplies. these devices are designed to meet the following stringent environmental.. at TA = 100°C at TA = 150°C Peak. . radio receivers. (4) superior junction formation made possible by a diffusion process with very precise controls . (3) welded hermetic sealsevery unit is pressure-tested to assure protection against moisture and contamination.. designed for use in power supplies of magnetic amplifiers.lN444B. RECTIFIER Absolute-Maximum Ratings. . Repetitive . (b) special coating to provide protection against the effects of severe environmental conditions.5 15 750 500 250 3. IN443B. IN441B. 500 and 600 volts. These devices have dc forward-current ratings to 0.5 15 750 500 250 3.5 15 650 425 0 3. DC REVERSE (BLOCKING) VOLTAGE. RMS SUPPLY VOLTAGE For resistive or inductive loads .temperature lN440Bl lN441B 1N442B mechanical performance 00-1 in tests industrial package range: -65 to +1650C lN444B} lN445B 0 -65 to +150 C lN443B SERVICE of 60 Hz: IN440B IN441B IN442B IN443B IN444B IN445B UNITS 100 200 300 400 500 600 V 70 100 140 200 210 300 280 400 350 500 420 600 V V 750 500 250 3.

Typical Forwara Voltage ana Current Characteristic for RCA-1N440B through lN445B..5 1. equipment component variation. It is recommended that these rectifiers be mounted on the underside of the chassis. and should not probable conditions. T A = 1500C 100 100 r lN443B '" w <r ~ 750 <l ~ < -' ~ 62! UNITS V " C I lr >z w500 ~ &' '"~ 8 z ~ z ~ lr a 0375 lr 1ilr e 250 10 '2 g ~ lN442B Maximum Forward Voltage Drop (DC) at full load current.5 I 1..5 1.. signal variation. . To absorb some of the heat. 125 "x ~ Fig. equipment control adjustment. It is important during the soldering operation to avoid excessive heat in order to prevent possible damage to the rectifiers.lNMOB CHARACTERISTICS lN441B lN444B lN445B 1. environmental conditions. .5 1. The flexible leads of these rectifiers are usually soldered to the circuit elements.5 1. The maximum ratings in the tabulated data are established in accordance with the following definition of the Absolute-Maximum Rating System for rating electron devices.5 Maximum Reverse Current (DC) at maximum peak reverse voltage 0. .. When dip soldering is employed in the assembly of printed circuitry using these rectifiers. Because the metal cases of these rectifiers may operate at voltages which are dangerous. The device manufacturer chooses these values to provide acceptable serviceability of the device. and variations in device characteristics. . taking no responsibility for equipment variations.2 . The equipment manufacturer should design so that initially and throughout life no absolutemaximum value for the intended service is exceeded with any device under the worst probable operating conditions with respect to supply-voltage variation. the leads should not be dip soldered beyond points A and B indicated on the Dimensional Outline Drawing. grip the flexible lead of the rectifier between the case and the soldering point with a paIr of pliers.. environment variations.75 2 }J1\ 200 200 200 200 }J1\ 1.5 1. load variation..3 0. and the effects of changes in operating conditions due to'vdriations in device characteristics.75 Maximum Reverse Current (averaged over I complete cycle of supply voltage): at maximum rated PRV. care should be taken in the design of equipmen~ to prevent the operator from coming in contact with the rectifier. It is desirable in all soldering operations to provide Some slack or an expansion elbow in the leads to prevent excessive tension on the leads. Absolute-Maximum of operating able ratings and environmental to any electron as defined by its be exceeded under device published the worst are limiting conditions values applic- of a specified type data. the temperature of the solder should not exceed 2~5° C for a maximum immersion period of 10 seconds. Furthermore.

C.~ ~ .78 mm) lead finishes TERMIHAL deformat.64 plOch or ~al along to be controlled allow Characteristic IN445B." 3.625 0.08 1.200 0.11 - F 2 MAX.42 anywhere within Reverse IN440B 7.. MAX.. G.025 0.16 9.40 lor tubolauon oneh 14.725 0. 0. K L a H 1.188 Inch {4.14 6.on for (optIOnal!. lH445B . ~ :> '" a: I 2 O u j ·· 10 W '"5 ~ a: --- _1. lH444B.280 0. lH441B.Typical for RCA- .035 0.28 0.400 0.075 0.5 0.125 0. lH440B.245 0.- 4 3 2 I Fig. 0 0.188 through 5.78 mm} dlrTlenslon.027 Dynamic and irregularities.0. DIAGRAM Types lH443B.69 0. .220 0. from free end of lead to from the pomt of attachment to the body.·· 100 TEMPERATURE (OC) AMBIENT -DO NOT EXCEED MAXIMUM VOLTAGE PEAK REVERSE RATING.3 .18 10.menston to allow 5. 12.000 1. lH442B. MIN.260 1.60 41.the diameter may vary to for ANODE 6. = ISO 4 ~.91 18.7 Diameter 0.360 0. Within the 0.22 D.59 25. 0.

35 70 140 210 280 350 420 V OC REVERSE .. lN547. . ........ • Stringent environmental and mechanical tests to insure dependable performance in industrial and military applications... lN540.•.. ...•...... ..••. ....•..• 50 100 200 300 400 500 400 V 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 mA 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE. ...... These silicon rectifiers are designed to meet such stringent environmental.. 1. and lNl095 are hermetically sealed silicon rectifiers of the diffused-junction type_ They are specifically designed for use in power supplies of industrial and military equipment capable of operating at dc forward currents up to 7S0 milliamperes and temperatures ranging from -6So to +16SoC.. • Max..... .•. lNS38.. ABSOLUTE-MAXIMUM RATINGS.•...... ..... for resistive or inductive loads: T A = 500C . mechanical.. . FORWARO CURRENT': DC...(BLOCKING) VOLTAGE . microamperes at rated peak reverse voltage and ambient temperature of 2SoC.... for a Supply Frequency of 60 Hz: lN536 lN537 lN538 lN539 lN540 lNl095 lN547 50 100 200 300 400 500 600 V RMS SUPPLY VOLTAGE For resistive or inductive loads . one cVcle OPERATING FREQUENCy TEMPERATURE Operating ... ... ...... (2) axial leads for flexibility of circuit connections....DDJ]3LJD Solid State 1N536 1N538 1N540 1N5371N5391N5471N1095 Division Flanged-Case..... Storage . SURGE..... and life requirements of prime importance in military applications as: (1) sturdy and compact mount structure... .. . • Hermetically sealed JEDEC 00-1 package.. • Peak reverse voltages from SO to 600 V.. ........ RANGE (Ambient!: .... Axial-Lead Types For Power-Supply Applications Features: • Wide operating-temperature range: -65 to +6SOC... Fig. and (4) special temperature cycling tests to assure stable performance over the entire operating temperature range.. lNS39. ..... see Rating Chart.•. .. and a maximum reverse current of S RECTI FIER SERVICE.... dc forward current = 2S0 mA at T A = 1S00C.... °c °c ... These silicon rectifiers have peak reverse voltage ratings from SO to 600 volts. -For maximum A kHz de forward current values at ambient temperatures -65 to +165 -65 to +175 other than those specified... (3) welded hermetic seals. . lNS37. RCA-1NS36.

... DO NOT EXCEED PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE RATING. T A = 150oC . UNCTION TEMPERATURE ("C)I'~OI 100 '" w w ~ 5 "i w ··· 1 I I I I '~ " . ..2 1..4 0...... .......1 1. Reverse Current (Averaged over 1 complete cycle of supply voltage): at maximum rated PRV.2 V 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 IlA 0.1 1. .. ..3 0.1 1..1N536 1N537 1N538 1N539 1N540 1N547 1N1095 1..•.. ..3 0. .. . .1 1.. .3 0..4 0...~~ ·.. ....35 0....3 mA Maximum Forward Voltage Drop (DC) at a load current of 500 mA . . ~ I I I I I I I I I 2~ w ·· · I I I I I I .. Maximum Reverse Current (DC) at maximum Maximum peak reverse voltage .. ... . · . .1 1....

22 5.0 .220 1.40 to allow for pinch anywhere along tuhulation Diameter to be controlled within 0.245 0.075 0.200 0.. 2.025 0.725 0. Within the 0.027 0.91 18.5 Dimension 2 1 inch (4.7 0.42 002 F Gl K 1 Q H 1.400 0.59 25.78 mm) dimension. the diameter allow for lead finishes and irregularities.64 12.78 or seal deformation (optional).000 0.69 0.01 MIN. from free end of lead to mm) from the point of to the body..360 0. 9.260 1.89 3.625 0.14 6.188 attachment 6.280 0. 0. MAX. MIN.188 (4.60 41.125 0. MAX.INCHES MilLIMETERS NOTES SYMBOL ob bl .11 5.16 7.18 10.08 1.035 0.28 0. inch may vary to .

RCA-1N1763A has a peak-reverse-voltage rating of 400 volts. are conservatively rated and incorporate the following design features: (1) welded. DIFFUSED-JUNCTION SILICON RECTIFIERS Flanged-Case Axial-Lead Types For Power-Supply Applications In Commercial and Industrial Electronic Equipment capabil ity: • high dc-output-current a) with natural convection I ampere . and is intended for applications in which the rectifier operates from an ac line through a step-up transformer supplying up to 175 volts rms for capacitive loads. These new rectifiers.75 ampere . and. lower forward voltage drop. RCA-1N1763A and lN1764A have an operatingtemperature range of -65°C to +1350C. radio recei vers. offer substantially higher dc-outputcurrent capabilities.capac it ive load b) with simple heat sinks: 2 amperes 1 to 1050e capacitive load f Tc up to 2 amperes capacitive load 1 f to 750e TFA • low dc reverse (leakage) currents: 5 ~a max. and other electronic equipment for commercial and industrial applications.---------------------------------- File No. The new rectifiers Incorporate all of the superior performance and reliability features which have gained industry acceptance for thei r RCA prototypes. or up to 280 volts rms for resistive or inductive loads. They can provide dc output currents of up to 2 amperes to capaci tive loads when attached to simple heat sinks. axial-lead package which provides flexibility of installation in both hand-wired and printed-circuit equipment designs.2 volts max. RCA-1N1764A has a peak-reverse-voltage rating of 500 volts. RCA-1N1763A and lN1764A supersede and are unilaterally interchangeable with RCA-1N1763 and lN1764. hermetically sealed case for protection against moisture and contamination.resistive or inductive load. (3) extensive and rigorous quality-control procedures. phonographs. high-fidelity amplifier systems. Both devices have dc forward-current ratings of 1 ampere . at a dc forward of I ampere • wide operating-temperature -650e to +1350e • unilaterally interchangeable IHI763 and IH176'4 current range: with Types . 100 ~a max. lower reverse (leakage) currents. in addition. respectively. 89 Rectifiers DDJ]3LJD 1N1763A 1N1764A Solid State Division RCA-1N1763A and lN1764A are hermetically sealed silicon rectifiers of the diffused-junction type. and 0. and is intended for applications in which the rectifier operates directly from an ac power line supplying up to 140 volts rms for capacitive loads. They utilize the JEDEC 00-1 flanged-case. at 750e • low forward voltage drop: 1. like their RCA prototypes. and a wider operating-temperature range.capacitive 'load at free-air temperatures up to 750C (natural convection cooling). designed for use in power supplies of color and black-and-white television receivers. orup to 350 volts rms for resistive or inductive loads.res ist ive or inductive load 3/'4 ampere . (2) superior junction characteristics made possible by a precisely controlled diffusion process. at 250e.

1 (FREE-AIR): -65 -65 to to +135 +150 -65 -65 to to +135 +150 °c °c Fig. 500 400 RMS SUPPLY VOLTAGE: For operation with resistive inductive loads •.1 0. amp See fig.75 See fig.PEAK REVERSE Type Type IHI763A IHI76~A VOLTAGE.75 PEAK RECURRENT. amp max.1 35 l max..Repetitive Surge Current Rating Chart for RCA-1N1763A and 1N1764A . . For operation with capacitive or loads At free-Air Temperatu.res FORWARD Up to Above 75°C 75°C volts volts At free-A ir Temperatures Up to Above 75°C 75°C CURRENT: For operation with inductive loads: resistive or See fig. See fig.. . 0. amp max. 1 35 TEMPERATURE RANGE Operating Storage max..1 AVERAGE (DC). amp max.2 . max..

6 117 200 5. At half-load current of 750 ma.): Half-load current to full-load current. Half-load current Half-Wave Voltage-Doubler R~IS Supply Voltage. # Type INI764A Service: DC Output Voltage at In pu t to Filter (Approx. I volts at a Free-Air Temperature of 2jOe: Type INI763A Rectifier Service: Half-Wave RMS Su pp Iy Voltage.. Voltage Regulation (Approx.): Half-load current to full-load current. # The value transformer shown. Reverse Voltage Reverse Voltage of 400 of 500 I-'a I-'a volts volts C h a ract e r is tic s.8 ISO 200 6.6 117 200 5.8 ISO 350 6. (C). Voltage Regulation (Approx.8 ISO 200 6. (C) .8 volts 255 225 265 240 275 255 325 285 340 305 350 325 volts 30 25 20 40 35 25 volts 117 100 5.File No.6 117 350 5.) : Voltage Regulation to full-load current.6 150 100 6. In pu t Surge-Limiting (C).6 117 350 5.6 ISO 100 6. Fi Iter-Input Surge-Limiting Capacitor Resistance Full-Wave Voltage-Doubler mls Supply Voltage. Filter ma ma 0. Capacitor Resistancefl. Fi Iter-Input Capacitor Surge-Limiting Resistance#. O.1N1764A Maximum DC Reverse At a Peak At a Peak Current. at a Ji'ree-A ir !Femperature Maximum DC At a Peak At a Peak Typical Reverse Voltage Reverse Voltage Performance of 7jOe: Current: Reverse of 400 of 500 Characteristics. At full-load current (Approx.8 150 350 6. At fu II-load current of 750 ma.): to Filter At half-load current of 375 ma.8 volts 275 250 280 260 290 275 350 320 355 330 365 345 volts 25 20 15 30 25 20 volts volts I-'f ohms volts I-'F ohms volts Service: DC Output Voltage at In pu t (Approx.) : At half -load current of 375 ma.6 150 100 6.8 ISO 200 6. At full-load current of 750 ma.6 117 200 5. 89 1N1763A.6 117 3SO 5..8 140 125 145 130 150 140 180 155 185 160 190 170 volts 15 15 10 25 25 20 volts 117 100 5. series 117 100 5. DC Ou tpu t Voltage at In pu t (Approx.): to Filter of 375 ma.8 ISO 350 6.1 volts resistance or other resistance in the rectifier supply circuit may be deducted I-'F ohms volts from the .

0 a: '" .5 I 1. ~ .5 ~U) o..• 12..·1'Ji.•. I 7- 5 ! I 15 0.5 o -75 -so -25 0 25 CASE TEMPERATURE 50 (TC)-OC 75 100 125 ISO Fig.5 .Typical istics Dynamic Reverse Current CharacterforRCA-1N1763A and 1N1764A..0.~INI7641\ ~ . ~q 7.l\ln ~ ~~ I _I\IR 1<. o ~5 -~ -25 FREE-AIR a) 3" x 3" Heat Sink.Typical acteristics Forward Voltage and Current Charfor RCA-1N1763A and 1N1764A."" - ~ ¢:. of RCA-1N1763A and 1N1764A for Operation with Heat Sinks.5 VOLTS ("'F) 92CS-9730R3 Fig. Fig. Figs. o a: ~ a:W 00 "-" >.w ". 5 "'''' ><" "'" 2.5Z l:!> a:>- " u" o Wo. W W e~ 2~ (TFA)=25°C a: ~~ ~~ ~~ < 20 W a: 2 30 ~ 10 ~176t INI764A I I I.5 2 INSTANTANE.4 .6a and 6b -Forward-Current Capabilities 0 25 TEMPERATURE ~ ~ 100 125 150 (TFA)-OC b) 2-1/2" x 2-1/2" Heat Sink.3 . .5 -Forward-Current Capabilities ofRCA-1N1763A and 1N1764A for Operation with Heat Sink at Case Temperatures from -65°C to +1350C.OUS fORWARD 2.

~~ I ::>" '" "'" )( 0.. Capabi 1 i ties of RCA-1N1763A and 1N1764A for Operat ion wi thHeat TINNERMAN SPEED CLlP'* OR EQUII/ALENT SILICONE • Registered Trade Mark.Forward-Current tOO 125 ISO -75 -50 -25 FREE-AIR 0 25 50 75 TEMPERATURE (TFA)-OC 100 e) 1" x 1" Heat Sink. and 6e .o '~ " o '" . Tinnennan 125 HEAT SINK GREASE Products....... Fif!o 7 . Inc. -50 -25 FREE-AIR 0 25 50 75 TEMPERATURE (TFA}-OC 6d.5 o o -75 Figs .5 "". "'".SUf!f!ested Methods for Attachinf! IN1764A to Heat Sink RCA-IN1763A 150 Sinks.. SILICONE Cleveland I. GREASE Ohio. . :.6c. ~!:1.

.... .= N~ ::.J .. .-:::: :::: :::: -:::..:r:::_ ~: f'....... . ::: _..._.~::.- - : . w :::. --~ g~~: .b TYPE INJ7bJA IN~C 117 ~gLTS ~AGE C C ~:.::E:':-:F.S~LTfUT 1iiE'. : EJ. ... __. ::: - ~:: - :.__ := .:-::..-'_: -= :: ~.: -..-...:::F:: §[:. .:' ~=~~=." .:: ~ ~ ~"": .• .:=F~i... §= .. _ ..--~ :. S.::- ~.::'?:. :: ~: -::-: ..'.. -:::~-:~g .......:.::n.··f ' --.S' _..Typical Operation Characteristics forRG41N1763A in Half-Wave Rectifier Service..•. __..::-' :~.. :::._::J~' + -r..~ ~ " ::: :::: .. .~-- .._.:: '" " . §j:' ±:::i'=r.. _:... " .. f._:~ '-.._ ....:: . :: ==::: _.: 0 ~t~ ....==:::::: ..:::::..... -: .::~~ Fig... fEE'E:iiF-=--'-f:3'-=-~ _ .. 0:" . ::". __-::: . Fig..... -_....:E~=E:-.EE. ..:._~" _ . _I.8 ._..•• . :: .u ~." §~r.:::-:.._... :::g : 0 N - _ ~= .. . :::-:-~~ ~..Typical Operat ion Characteristics for RG41N1764A in Half-Wave Rectifier Service. =:-~ _.9 :if....IFREE-AIR TEMPERATURE (TFA)=25° ISUPPLY FREQUENCY (CPS)=60 -..:-:':.._ -- _. - _. .0: --: .1.:?: ..__ . ::::::.::::...~ ..:=.1...::::--. ~: ~ i::'t._ :__ ~ ._---. ::~:: . ~: IEEF~ . .-.... 'J .

91 - - 0. ofRCAService. MAX.18 10.400 MIN.22 - - 0.11 5.64 12. Within the 0.08 1.0.7 Dimension to allow for pinch or seal deformation anywhere along tubulation (optional). INCHES Fig.0.625 .78 mm) from the point of attachment to the body. the diameter may vary to allow for lead finishes and irregularities.0 . 2 MAX. K L a H 1.025 05 5.0.000 1.725 0.125 0.260 1.40 - .l0 .188 inch (4.28 0.360 0.200 0. 0.188 inch (4. . . 2 18.Typical Operation Characteristics ofRCAlN1763A in Half-Wave Voltage-Doubler Service.280 . .16 7.89 3. Diameter to be controlled from free end of lead to within 0.b b.42 6.Typical Operation Characteristics lN1764A in Full-Wave Voltage-Doubler MilLIMETERS SYMBOL NOTES MIN. .ll . 0.60 41.78 mm) dimemion.69 0.220 0.035 0.59 25.2 DC OUTPUT ~ ~ VOLTS ~ ~ DC OU T PUT VOLTS Fig.14 6.027 0.245 9.075 0.02 F G.

lN2859A. (6) tests for forward and reverse characteristics at 250C.2 amperes -capawith simple [ heat sinks cltlve load • low dynamic reverse current: 0. axial-lead rectifier package which provides flexibi lity of installation in both hand-wired and printed-circuit equipment designs. at 7Soe • low dc forward voltage drop: 1. (2) rugged internal mount structure. lN2862A. (4) prolonged treatment at high temperatures to stabilize characteristics. Features: • high dc-output-current capabil ity: 1 ampere .1 ma max.2 volts max. and (7) high-temperature dynamic tests under full-load conditions.3 ma max. They are rated for operation at free-air temperatures from _650 to +135°C. The new rectifiers incorporate all of the superior performance and reliability features which have gained industry acceptance for their RCA prototypes. at 2Soe with dc forward current • wide operating-temperature -6So to +13Soe • hermetically sealed JEOEe • unilaterally interchangeable IN28S8 through IN286~ I ampere range: 00-1 package with Types • specially processed and tested for high reI iabi I ity and stabi I ity of characteristics . and. RCA-1N2858A through lN2864A differ only in peak-reverse-voltage ratings (see Maximum Ratings chart). like their RCA prototypes. Flanged-Case Axial-Lead Types For General-Purpose Applications In Industrial And Commercial Electronic Equipment All seven of these new rectifier types have maximum dc-forward-current ratings of 1 ampere for resistive or inductive 10ads and 0. lN2860A. designed for use in a variety of applications in industrial and commercial electronic equipment. and a wider operating-temperature range. (3) hermetically sealed cases. at sooe 0. respectively.75 ampere for capacitive loads at free-air temperatures up to 750C (natural convection cooling). are conservatively rated. and incorporate the following design features and special tests which contribute to their outstanding performance and reliability: (1) junctions of extremely high uniformity produced by a special. offer substantially higher dc output-current capabilities. DIFFUSED-JUNCTION SILICON RECTIFIERS RCA-1N2858A through lN2864A supersede and are unilaterally interchangeable with RCA-1N2858 through lN2864. They are also capable of providing dc output currents of up to 2 amperes with capacitive loads when attached to simple heat sinks.Rectifiers [Kl(]5LJ[J 1N2859A 1N2860A 1N2861A Solid State Division 1N2862A 1N2863A 1N2864A RCA-1N28S8A. These new rectifiers. precisely controlled diffusion process. and utilize the JEDEC 00-1 flange-type. lN2861A. and lN2864A are hermetically sealed silicon rectifiers of the diffused-junction type.res ist ive or } to 7Soe inductive load with natural 3N ampere .capac i t i ve convect ion load cooling to losoe up ~0. lN2863A. lower reverse (leakage) currents. (5) pressure tests of seals for protection against moisture and contamination. in addition.

1 0. 91 N2864A RECTIFIER Absol ute-Maximum Rati ngs.2 1. repetitive. SERVICE a SuppLy Frequency of 60 cps: for PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE. amp max. max.1 0. For one 0.75 • fAt SURGE. 1. inductive loads.2 1.3 0.1 See fig.1 0. amp . "turn-anll 2 milliseconds transient .1N2858A-1 File No. 140 210 280 140 420 210 vol ts 105 350 175 max.75 I 35 ~ 25°C: suppl y vol tage. AVERAGE(OC) At TFA above 75°C.2 IN2863A IN286'1A 25°C. amp 0.75 See Fip. amp 35 max. Storage I I 0. For cycle more than at of TFA = supply one 35 35 35 40 40 40 of at IF Maximum I 35 35 . for 0.1 0.2 0( Operating Maximum max. PEAK amp See fig.2 1.3 0.75 TFA up to 75°C.• SURGE.75 of voltage eye Ie I 0. OC REVERSE (BLOCKING) VOLTAGE FORWARDQJRRENT: For resistive r or inductive loads: up to 75°C.1 ti ve loads: RECURRENT max.3 ma ma .2 0. (At TFA above 75°C.1 0.1 0( I TEMPERATURERA. At TFA above 75°C.1 0. IN2858A I N2859A IN2860A 50 100 200 35 17 70 35 50 100 I N2861 A IN2862A IN2863A I N286'1A 300 400 500 600 max.3 0.3 0.1 duration: At TFA up to 75°C.1 0.75 0.3 vol ts Current 1 Complete of Supply Voltage): Rated PRV: IN2858A (IX:) at Cycle Maximum TFA = 50°C TFA = 75°C 0. t AVERAGE(OC) At TFA TFA above 75°C. volts volts R'>lS SUPPLY VOLTAGE: For resistive or For capacitive loads. 1 •• I 40 40 I 40 I •• -65 to + 135 °c 0( -65 to + 150 °c i s tics: forward = 1 Ampere.NGE(FREE-AIR) Character 5 0.75 ~ I See fig.2 1. 40 I See fig.3 0. For capaci {At TFA up to 75°C.2 1. Dynamic (Averaged Voltage over Drop TFA Reverse = I N2859A I N2860A I N2861 A IN2862A 1. 70 max. volts 200 300 400 500 600 max.

1 I I I Q2CS-I0417RI Fig... ·· .4UM PEAKREVERSE ~OLTA~[ R~T1NGI..Forward-Current Capab il i ties of RCA-n~858A through lN2864A forOperation with Heat Sink at Case Temperatures from -650C to +1350C. DC FORWARD AMPERES = I •. 92C5·13081 Fig.'----··· LL ·· '"w ~ « '" ~ u ~ w :5'" ~ '" for I I I 100 Chart FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE (Oel 75 I---.2 . IN2Bb2A IN28b3A IN2864A 'fFREE AIR TEMPERATUREfoe =25 0. .40 -"'"' 35\ '"ffi 30 '" 25 '" Q.5 .Repetitive Surge Current Rating RCA-lN2858A through lN2864A...Typical Forward Voltage and Current Characteristic for RCA-1N2858A through lN2864A.~ I l. r-. -50 -25 0 25 CASE TEMPERATURE 50 75 (TC)-OC 100 125 150 Fig. 2 j59A IN28bOJ' IN2BbiA i .'N28b41' p-- 10 .5 INSTANTANEOUS FORWARD VOLTS I"'F) 92CS-973OR3 Fig. « '"'" '" 20\ cr iil 15 ~ x « 10 '" 5 """ I' .4 . for o -75 o.~ 2 2.3 ..Typical DynamicReverse RCA-1N2858A through Characteristics lN2864A.. 00 NOT EXCEED MAXIt.

5 ~~ 5 ~~ " wu> Q.6a. OR INDUCTIVE SUPPLY FREQUENCY (CPS)=60 HEAT SINK: ALUMINUM 1/16" THICK. 6d. =>'" ~ I 0....:5 =>Q.W ".. and 6e -Forward-Current Capabilities of RG4-1~2858A for Operation with Heat Sinks.. 6c.-' 12. RESISTIVE. "'''' "'" 25)(4 o -75 o -75 -50 -25 FREE-AIR a 25 50 75 TEMPERATURE (TFA)-OC -50 -25 FREE-AIR 100 125 a 25 50 75 TEMPERATURE (TFA)-OC 100 150 LOAD: CAPACITIVE.5 '" '" o -75 -50 -25 FREE-AIR a 25 50 75 TEMPERATURE (TFA)-'-°C 100 125 150 Figs. 6b... ~t! 1..5~~ "-0 ZW 10 w> IE" co'-' '-'" 7..5 "'u> a:w wa: ~~ ". 1-1/2" X 1-1/2" o a: ~ o .. through iN2864A .

- MIN.64 - 12.125 F 2..7 anywhere anachment 5.08 18. from Within the point the 0.22 7.18 0.78 or seal deformation (optional).027 9. - 0.T1NNERMAN SPEED CLlP* OR EQUIVALENT / Fig. (4.245 - - 0.69 G.260 5.280 6.14 10.16 0.0. 1 0. 0.220 0.188 the diameter may and irrt9U1aritiM.075 '. 3. INCHES MILLIMETERS SYMBOL NOTES MIN.000 1.200 - L 1.625 a - 0. .11 0..188 tubulation inch 1.91 6. 7 .59 25.360 0.28 0.Suggested Methods for Attaching RCA-1N2858A through lN2864A to Heat Sink. (4.0. K . DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE (JEDEC-DO-J) FOR RCA-IN2858A through JN28~A .60 41.42 - - to allow MAX.035 - .5 Dimension for pinch along Diameter to be controlled within 0.89 MAX. 01 inch vary to . allow for lead finishes free end of lead to mmllrom to the body.0 .40 0.025 H 0. 0. 0.78 mm) dimension..725 - 0.400 0.

1N5213 1N5214 1N5215 For capacitor-input {ilter RANGE: °c °c 435 to +175 435 to +175 LEAD TEMPERATURE: For 10 seconds maximum 255 Characteri stic s: Maximum Instantaneous Forward Voltage Drop at dc forwarg current of 1 ampere and TA... ratings IN5215 through IN5214 IN5218 - up to 1 ampere case transparent.• Storage .....• AMBIENT-TEMPERATURE Operating .ffilrnLJD Rectifiers 1N5211 1N5212 Solid State Division RCA-IN5211.. IN5213..2 1....75 0.2 0. These rectifiers feature dc forward current ratings of up to 1 A..005 0...405" hermetically sealed metal max. through dielectric-strength Maximum Ratings.. 0.2 1. V 0.2 0. etypes lNS21S length.240" max. e cylindrical design with axial leads far simple (0.005 max.. forward-current IN5211 through dia.) For res istive RMS SUPPLY 1N5216 1N5217 1N5218 SILICON RECTIFIERS and installatian ecampact. IN5217. V 420 560 70 140 210 280 max...••. low leakage currents. low forward voltage drop. see Rating Chart. PEAK RECURRENT . DC •. IN5215. and an operating-temperature range of -650C to + 175°C. a surge-current rating of 50A..•. V 0... at TA = 25OC*** ..•.. °c INS211 INS21S INS212 INS216 INS213 INS217 INS214 INS218 1.... IN5217.005 0.005 0. IN5212. max.. 75 C ••.. A A 50 50 50 50 max. IN5214. and IN5214.• Static. IN5216.•••••.For "turn-ann. high- over case metal Values: INS211 INS21S INS212 INS216 200 400 140 280 or inductive load INS213 INS217 INS214 INS218 1NS211 INS21S INS212 INS216 INS213 lNS217 INS214 INS218 600 800 200 400 600 800 max. lNS218 plastic have sleeve Absolute-Maximum For Industrial and Consumer·Product Applications handling e high maximum DC at 7SoC PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE VOLTAGE •.. ...•... at TA = 750C** . IN5216. Types IN5215...2 max.2 0.2 0.. mA mA ... IN5212.... A FORWARD CURRENT: For ambient temperatures up to 75°C.75 6 0. max.•.. and IN5218 are insulated versions of types IN5211.. and IN5218* are hermetically sealed silicon rectifiers of the diffused-junction type utilizing small cylindrical metal cases and axial leads..... respectively..6 5 max...75 6 0.75 6 0..• •.•.•. For ambient temperatures above 75°C.s. max .time of 2 milliseconds .2 1. SURGE .....• Maximum Reverse Current: Dynamic. IN5213....••.

)' 2 '">- "'0: w" 20 'V ....1 Fig.-. C> 108 6 • 00: ..-"'- ~1l'l5~ri=="P ~ IN5214 IN5218 .1 Fig. - -z. Z zz ww uo: Q.~ \l:!..Typical Forward lN5211 • DO NOT EXCEED MAXIMUM PEAK-REVERSE-VOLTAGE RATING.<z:J>" l'l~~-z.. . 104~ 2 I WIOO.v .~.= 1l'l~2 \l'l~. for Types Characteristics through lN5218 for Types .--- .~~~ 6 4 2 0..Typical Reverse lN5211 Characteristics through lN5218.. SOLID-LINE CURVES: DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS MEASURED AT AMBIENT TEMPERATURE:: 75° C AND AT MAXIMUM DC FORWARD-CURRENT RATING DASHED-LINE MEASURED CURVES: STATIC CHARACTERISTICS TEMPERATURE :E 25° AT AMBIENT C 100 8 6 .2 ..t- 102 e 6 I~ 4 I I 2 0. 0:" ..l\~.-"'1- ".'(ll~~Il.< "'''' 2 ~ ~ 80 o "-i:' ~ "u~~ 0: ~ ~ '"" ~ "-'" 00: 40 2 108 6 z ~ (J '" ..l\4 'N~218 ~'\.3 .""." \~ \~ ~\~~2\6 2 .. ' 0: 60 ~~ t. :.-..-1-10 8 6 4 w '"::i 2 ~ 0: If::: 81- I- ~ .

DIMENSIONAL for Types 1N5211. ' i POLARITY SYMBOL (NOTE 2) 1. ANODE LEAD .CASE lN521B Strength: TO METAL SLEEVE OF CASE. r 1. DIMENSIONAL lN5213. ~ 14457 CASE.033-.4" 1 r-MA"x40~"A ~240' MAX.4" MIN.039" DIA . ANODE LEAD lN5218 ® I I . .. 1. NOTE 3: INSULATING YOND ENDS DIAGRAM 1N5211 through CATHODE.033. DIRECTION FLOW AS MAY OF FORWARD INDICATED BY EXTEND 1/16" BE- . OUTLINE lN5216.OIA. lN5217. OUTLINE lN5212.4" MIN. lN5214 for Types lN5215. GLASS _ INSULATION GLASS INSULATION MIN. i -t POLARITY SYMBOL (NOTE 2) -+ METAL CASE WITH INSULATING SLEEVE (NOTE 3) 1.G - G I ~ NOTE 1: CONNECTED NOTE 2: 92CS- TO METAL ARROW INDICATES (EASY) CURRENT DC AMMETER.4" MIN.039"OIA. DIRECTION FLOW AS Insulating OF FORWARD INDICATED BY TERMINAL for Types O32C5- Sleeve Dielectric NOTE 1: CONNECTED NOTE 2: ARROW INDICATES (EASY) CURRENT DC AMMETER. 14456 2000 Volts Minimum CASE.

. General-Purpose Types for Low-Power Applications - High surge-current capability - Low junction-to-Iead 0 . Their small size and plastic package of high insulation resis· tance make these rectifiers especially suitable for those applications in which high packaging densities are employed... and 1/2-inch leads.•.00 = 70°C See Fig... inclusive.•..III Z VRRM VRSM VRWM 50 100 200 300 400 500 600 800 .. 1.•. Storage Operating "LEAD . For single-phase. N Oi REPETITIVE NON-REPETITIVE WORKING PEAK'" PEAK'" DC BLOCKING (At TA = '50°C) RMS FORWARD M '" ~ :£ :g •.50-1000-V Silicon Rectifiers Plastic-Packaged. .25msl..000 V 100 200 300 400 525 650 800 1000 1200 V 50 100 200 300 400 500 &Xl 800 1000 V VR 50 100 200 300 400 500 600 800 1000 V VR(RMS) 35 70 140 210 280 350 420 560 700 V CURRENT: Single-phase... These devices differ only in their voltage ratings. -65 to +175 -65 to +170 (During Soldering): 1/8 inch from case for 10 s max. for one single-phase. In accordance with JEDEC registration format JS-1 RDF-3. see Fig. Maximum input~voltage rating that can be continuously applied (with the maximum current rating) over the normal operating temperature range I. T A = 70°C PEAK SURGE .. 1!l M M '" M III III M III M M M III III III Z Z - '" M III Z - III Z Z Z Z - PEAK- range - Z '" ~ .. TEMPERATURE Measured . for other lead lengths. half-wave operation with SO-Hz sinusoidal voltage and resistive load.. . half-wave. half-wave operation with a GO-Hz sinusoidal supply and a resistive load. • For single-phase. 4.3 ms) 400Hz (1..1.. T A 50 .. 45 50 Hz (10 ms) "60 Hz (8. half-wave sinusoidal pulse of 100-1-£5 duration with a repetition rate of 60 pulses per second . . For one-half cycle of applied voltage.5-A. GO-Hz sinusoidal pulse with this peak value . . . are diffused-junction type silicon rectifiers in an axial-lead plastic package.-65 to + 170 thermal impedances operating temperature RCA-l N5391--1 N5399.•..

'~" ~ ~ \ 0.MAX.) *Thermallmpedance: Steady-State J unction-to-anode-Iead J u nct io n-to-cathode-I Anode-Lead Cathode. Reverse Current: *Static For VR = rated value & TJ = 25°C For VR= rated value & TJ = 1500e IR - 0. 6. TA = 70oe.!E'"-:::=:-R=Ftmp:r===m==q:j CIRCUI.1 1.5 .080 0. see Fig. see Fig. vF - 1.5A.5A.5 VRWM .. 10 = 1.5 - JJS °J·La °J·Lk - - - °CN/ - 100 100 148 148 °J-HS(t) - 10 - Reverse-Recovery Time: At 'FM=30A. RATING =Ff I I " !j E '" ~ u (" 1.S. TA = 250e (See Fig.1IJ. see Fig. Free convection cooling - °CN//in Transient Heat-sink mounting with o-to-1 Y-. 3.Lead } ead . for VRWM = rated value.. 1 . For other pulse durations.4* V trr - 1. 8.100 0. Y ~ ~ 'So ~~ Fig.pulseduration =3. UNITS Max.~". T A = 70°C IR(AV) - 0.3* mA *Oynamic Full'cycle average. fi' "" ~ ~ /+?.001 0.'SINGlE-PHASE ±± --j I 1 r:-:c( 1..6 s.LIMITS CHARACTERISTIC SYMBOL Min. for other conditions.01* 0.0 o :5 it INFINITE HEAT SINK *. All Types Typ. 7.3* mA *Instantaneous Forward-Voltage Drop: At iF = 1. and with a pulse duration of 0. °CN/ 1--1 I-FF~lO~A~D!' R~E~SI~ST0'V.Average·forward-eurrent derating curves for types 1N5391--1N5399 for several lead lengths." leads..

"' V 1/4" f-- / i1!r- --j1 = ~= INFINITE HEAT SINK ~ 0..Variation of steady-state thermal resistance with lead length (for different mounting methods) for types 1N5391-1N5399_ Fig. peak forward current for types 1N5391-1N5399.~ ~ ~ to .. surge- current duration for types 1N5391-1 -oj ~ 1 1 100 r-._" ~ II ~ ~ °1 ~~ INFINITE HEAT SINK ~-1 PC N5399. BOARD '"'" ~~ . 4 . ""Zz 0<0 ~B .. I...1..I~~ "~"~rrr11.. 6 .Peak forward-voltage drop vs. Fig. :> ~ ~~ 0<- ~ :>x 0:. 2 .1/2" .1 I II III 92C5-17310 Fig. ~~ 1 -?-\~'f 314" .. " z. . .~ '. 6810 SURGE-CURRENT 100 DURATION - HALF CYCLES 92C5-17306 Fig..92C5-17311 Fig.Variation of peak forward-power dissipation with peak forward current. 3 . 5 .Variation of transient thermal impedance with pulse duration for several lead lengths for types 1N5391--1N5399.Peak-surge (non-repetitive) forward current vs.

84 7.8 I TO FORWARD 2 CURRENT 4 6 8 10 [IRMIREC)/IFM] 92C5-17307 Fig.-tee "" '" > 10 8 ~ ~ 4 OSCILLOSCOPE DISPLAY ON TEKTRONIX TYPE 541-A (WITH TYPE "s" PLUG-IN UNIT 1 6 <r .1 RATIO 0. verse-to-forward current for types IN5391--1N5399..4 CURRENT 0. MAX.000 - 25. ~trr~ ><r +1~ RECT..U -~ 20~ '":>.889 0.2 OF REVERSE 0.!:.6 0.27 ..230 0. •• ""G . MAX .027 0.Oscilloscope display & test circuit Fig.40 - 0. 8 .. fr.I~S-----lt-T I . 7 . L MilLIMETERS INCHES SYMBOL MIN.o ~( "'" 2 "- I 0.56 0.035 0.686 0.64 3. 1.:.... 0.050 - 1."IL ~ T'"oC' 1------~IO"lo ~-3.104 0.300 5. MIN. UNDER TEST -L~ ~R~REC)~ "'-. Variation of reverse-recovery time with ratio of re- for measurement of reverse-recovery time.62 1.140 2.

3 RANGE: leads & infinite-heat-sink mounting (both leads): & Operating. package. number. • Measured on anode or cathode normal operation lead. half-wave is a former sinusoidal a repetition rate of 60 pulses per second. For single-phase. appli- 01201P (44007)' 400 CURRENT: TEMPERATURE for those are desirable. (NON-REPETITIVE): IFSM For one-half cvcle of applied voltage. 01201N (44006" 01201M (44005)' AVERAGE-RECTIFIED: PEAK-SURGE suited densities resis- 50 WORKING thermal Values: I 01201F (44001)' NON-REPETITIVE PEAK· FORWARD -65 to +1750C operating These devices differ VOLTAGE: REPETITIVE Low junction-to-Iead • devices are diffused-junction rectifiers in an axial-lead plastic only in their voltage ratings. can be continuously over half-wave the load .3 ms) 30 A 60 A 400 Hz (1. package type silicon of high insulation Absolute-Maximum PEAK' VRSM VRWM DC BLOCKING VR RMS VR(RMS) PEAK'" impedances temperature tance make cations range these in which rectifiers especially high packing ' 01201A (44002)' 012018 (44003" lOa 200 100 150 50 50 lOa lOa 35 70 -- '012010 144004" 600 800 1000 V 300 525 800 1000 1200 V 200 400 600 800 1000 V 200 400 600 800 1000 V 140 280 420 560 700 V All Types Single-phase. . General-Purpose Types for Low-Power Applications seriest ReA D1201 small size and plastic MAXIMUM REVERSE RATINGS. Their • half-wave. • For single-phase. For single-phase.OOC05L}O Solid State Division 1-A. TA A 10 = 75°C For other lead lengths See Fig. applied (with the operating-temperature with a 60-Hz sinusoidal .••Maximum and maximum input voltage current sinusoidal pulse with this supply and a resistive that rating) range. LEAD TEMPERATURE (During Soldering): Measured 3/8 in.25 ms) For other durations With l-inch Storage See Fig.52 mml from case for 10 s max. half-wave operation with 60-Hz sinusoidal voltage and resistive load. one peak value. ReA type pulse of 10Q-/Js duration 50-Hz . with '" leads. (9. 50-to-1000-Y Silicon Rectifiers Plastic-Packaged. 50 Hz (10 ms) 28 A 60 Hz (8.• Number in parentheses .

8 u o '" '" ~ '" '"~ 0.01 0... 6 ..... ~?:J'UI~~~:~~~~~ PEAK-R~VERSE (VRW"....5 See Fig. TA = 750C ....... see Fig..."O·c .I- I~ .. IR Dynamic Full-cycle average..05 mA - - 0.....6 •......... . 5 ..... and with a pulse duration of 0. 0 ...J 1.. - °C/W 1 ...... for VRWM = rated value.... 0 '" '"" '~ ~ '"~ '" ~ 0 0 4 3 0 " ~ AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (TAl'" 2SoC (MAXIMUM) 2S·C ....4 PHASE WORKING "'AX. Reverse-Recovery Time: At IFSM = 30 A.... ......•0..............\ ""'.. TJ = 25°C..0 0. ........ pulse duration = 3...3 s.. RATING VOLTAGE -1 1 ~ ~ t'--1 r- ............... see Fig...... 4 .. 2 ~ I 1/.5 °C/W 55 Transient ()J-HS(t) Heat-sink mounting with 0 to 1" leads...• INFINITE HEAT SINK > I 6 2: 5 -~ Q..1 IlS..... Instantaneous Forward-Voltage Drop: At iF = 1 A... For other conditions ...... (TYPICAL) (TYPICAL. .... ... Max........ 7 - IlS Reverse Current: Static For V R = rated value & TJ = 25°C ..... T A = 25°C.2 ~ .................95 1..... see Fig................ 0.... ..... For other mounting methods and other lead lengths... - - - 0....... For V R = rated value & TJ = 100°C ...... see Fig.1 V trr - 1.~£b~ ... - 50 - 7.... hermal Impedance (Junction-to-Heat Sink): Steady-State ()J-HS(t) Heat-sink mounting with 1-inch leads...•...LIMITS SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC All Types UNITS Min.03 mA vF - 0.. Typ.. For other pulse durations. 10 'R(AV) = 1 A........!!.. 2 ...

- 10% ••I AMBIENT TEMPERATURE SINK ~~O 0 ~ 25<>C ---.6 0.>'" (TA): 60 lr-1 r..4 0.8 I OF REVERSE-lO-FORWARD CURRENT 2 4 6 8 10 [IRM(RECI/1FSM] 92CS-I1249Rl . ~ ~ 4 ~( ""'" 2 I 0..L1FSM 40 ~ . t rr ""'- >- .CURRENT WAVEFORM O~FSM U-ICYCLE 1 r- \% ~ ~~~ INFINITE HEAT (l:INK ~'TE HEAT '~g --IFSM I _ :30~ IRM(REC) ~ r--31~'--l t-T I ~ trr.....~~ '------" 1 C 10 OSCILLOSCOPE DISPLAY ON TEKTRONIX TYPE 541 A (WITH TYPE "S" PLUG-IN UNIT) 8 6 ~A/.1 RATIO 0.....l l--- '-.. .2 0.:> 20~ :~..

479 1 G 0.27 2 <pB - L1 NOTES 1.030 0. MAX. 0.034 0. <PO. lead-finish . optional within shall be included limit of ¢ o· Lead diameter not controlled build-up.133 0.239 1 L 1. if any. and length.050 - 1. G.137 3. MIN.INCHES MILLIMETERS SYMBOL NOTES MIN.863 - <pD 0.112 7.000 - 25.285 7. this cylinder in this zone to other than slugs. MAX. and minor irregularities cylinder within of diameter. but shall not be subject to allow for flash.40 - - 0. the minimum 2.378 3.762 0.280 0. Package contour Slugs.

Single-Phase Operat ion.These silicon rectifiers are intended for use in generator-type power supplies for mobile equipment.. C l'C value. INI3~~RB. IN J3~7RB. rf generators. HALF.TEMPERATURE RANGE: Operating Max.exceptional formity and stability of characteristics uni- seals • Welded construction • Low thermal resistance • Low leakage • Low forward voltage • JEDEC drop TYPE OF OPERATION: CASE TEMPERATURE: A-DIRECT CURRENT B -SINGLE PHASE C . INJ3~6RB. current.her case tempera tures PEAK SURGE AMPERES: a One-half cycle. power supplies for de motors. in dc-to-dc converters.. At ot. . pf'raturc at (oC) • Diffused-junction process -. sine • Designed to meet stringent envi ronmental speci fications • Hermetic AVERAGE FORWARD AMPERES: At 1500 Cease versions: INI3~5RB. full-wave bridae circuit up to 12 amperes . in dc-blocking service. Forward b Vol tage Drop . Max.WAVE RECTIFIER SERVICE Absolute-Maximum Ratings for Supply Frequency of 60 cps.~ rectifiers in singlephase full-wave bridge circuit PEAK RECURREJVf A\IPERES.. and electroplating systems.THREE PHASE D -SIX PHASE Character ist i cs: (Volts). IN 13~8RB max. . mechanical current DO-~ outl ine • High output current: up to 15 amperes -. temperature . TRANS I EJVf REVERSE VOLTS. Dynami Static e . and wi th Resistive or Inductive Load PEAK REVERSE VOLTS. welding equipment.6 rectifiers in 3-phase. wave. NCX'I-REPETI TIVE (5 -msec • Available in reverse-polarity INI3~IRB. JNI3~2RB. /\vC'rage value for one complete cycle at case temperature of IS00 C and at maximum rated vol tage and average forward current. magnetic amplifiers.• Reverse Currentb(Ma. and case tem- . 100 200 350 450 600 700 800 R\lS SUPPLY VOLTS 35 70 140 212 284 355 424 DC RLOCKING VOLTS. and in a wide variety of other applications in industrial equipment. peak reverse voltage. duration and case temperature range of 0 to 2000 C. and Storage. ) a Superimposed on device operating within the maximum voltage. and RATING CHART CASE. and temperature ratings and may be repeated after sufficient time has elapsed for the device to return b La the presurge thermal-equi librium conditions.. transmitters. maximum = 25.

•••••. 1N13~~8.REPRICES @ ~ S:::~OCK NRI09A :~~~:. Mote undef Note~: 2: Diameter 0. .•.•• ROW ~i~ ~ INSULATOR CONNECTOR~ - .4-..•. ROW . 1N13~~R8... 3: j Angular of unthreaded orientation port of ion: this 0.189" terminal ned. and 1N13~88 1N13~78. Middle East.•.•••.~~Tn~7:'~~Gm~~:~~G c=====· {l. Europe.055in."'""'~ DFOC ~ MICA ~ INSULATOR =:~:~::.. TPUBLISHEO . is . 1N13~68. 1N13~lR8.424" U NoSfl3. ••• V ••• IL . for types ·Polari ty symbol for types 1N13~28. 1N13~6R8.I~=llSHEO C0 HEATSINK {CHASSIS'! e DF3D ~~~.40mmIMAX THICKNESS~O.L.. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sates representative or supplier. 'l. NUT In the United Kingdom. DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE JEDEC 00.•• IL .. installation appl on stud installation ied to torque a 10/32 should not thread. Thedevice may be operated inany position..>~. 1N13~58. elEATPvILlSHEO HAROWAREPRICE5 ~ NA59B H .l r· "i 424 . and 1N13~8R8 1N13~7R8. and Africa. The is UNF-28 appl exceed 15 to hex ied 20 nut torque 25 inch- Note max. 1N13~5R8..TI'V8lISHEO H .•.••8U ..437" .163" min..•.-/' ••• Polarity symbol 1N13~18.•••8LE 0 ••.4 ="~. mountinghardware policies may differ.•. 1N13~2R8.O } WASHER ~ HEX.•. .. Note I: Normal inch-pounds assembled during pounds.REPRICES ..

. in power missile supplies equipment. NON -REPETl TlVE (5-msec max. and machine-tool controls. IN 1-205-RA. marine.low thermal resistance _ low leakage • low forward voltage _ JEDEC drop uni- current DO-'l outl ine 50 I 50 2401 2401 2401 240 I . for aircraft.'l rectifiers in singlephase full-wave bridge circuit 501 501 50 See Fig. WIt h'In t h e and temperature ratings repeated after suffIcient the device to return to the thermal-equilibrium time has presurge conditions. 50 PE~p~~~~E. in dc-blocking service.. AVERAGE FORWARD AMPERES: At 1500 Cease temperature . (Vol tsl . I 50 I I 240 I avai lable in reverse-polarity versions: INI199-RA. Max. . full-wave bridge circuit 240 up to 2'l amperes -. Max.. .. Sine wave 240 . in dc-to-dc converters. trans- mitters.high output current: up to 30 amperes -.6 rectifiers in 3-phase. INI200-RA.): Dynamic . One-hal f cycle. value perature of and average Static· . welding equipment. 100 35 200 70 350 140 450 212 600 284 700 355 800 424 50 100 200 300 400 500 600 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 See Fig.. PEAK I1ECUI\I1E~T AMPEI1ES .. and electroplating systems. For one or more than one cycle. Reverse Current (\1a. designed to meet stringent mil itary mechanical and environmental specifications diffused-junction process -. Thermal . Junction-toCase. At other case temperatures.. • Average Resistance.. current.•. . . HALF-WAVE RECTIFIER SERVICE Absolute-Maximum Ratings for SuPPly frequency 60 cps.. TRANSIENT REVERSE VOLTS. rf generators. . for one complete cycle at case tem1500 C and at maximum rated voltage forward current. Max.4 I - CASE-TEMPERATURE RANGE: Operating and Storage ..exceptional formity and stability of characteristics hermetic _ welded seals construction . Forward '" Voltage Drop and may elapsed be for operatIng.Rectifiers ffil(]5LJD 1N1200A 1N1202A 1N1203A Solid State Division 1N1204A 1N1205A 1N1206A Used in generator-type power supplies for mobile equipment.. -65 to +2000 C ·S uperlmpose . Single-Phase Operation. duration and case tem- ~fr 0 ttUof"Z0030n E> RMS SUPPLY VOLTS IX: llLOCKING VOLTS . battery chargers. INI20'l-RA. d on d·eVlce maximum voltage.. . INI202-RA. INI206-RA INI203-RA. and in a wide variety of other applications in military and industrial equipment. . and with Resistive or Inductive Load of PEAK REVERSE VOLTS . and for de motors.

.:> ~<t 50 2 Fig.. RECTIFIER TYPE IS STUD-MOUNTED DIRECTLY ON HEAT SINK.3 ..• .9. • '-. 2SO "'- .. for . SINGLE-PHASE OPERATION.Operation Guidance Chart for Types and corresponding reversepolarity versions. . 'to ~\ 50 INCOMING-AIR 100 150 TEMPERATURE-·C 10 ':.2 ... ~'t:!~ ~~'t~. ~~ Fig. "~ ""- 200 "'- or" ~~ "'- ISO "'- ~~ "'- ~~ 100 2••• xQ. 200 92CM-1I067RI ~.. RMS SUPPLY VOLTAGE· MAXIMUM-RATED VALUE AVERAGE FORWARD CURRENT-MAXIMUM-RATED VALl£. HEAT SINK: 1/16"-THICK COPPER WITH A MAT BLACK SURFACE AND THERMAL EMISSIVITY OF 0..• Fig...Operation Guidance Chart for Types and corresponding reversepolarity versions.4 ..Peak-Surge-Current Rat ing Chart all Types and corresponding reversepolarity versions. ~ 2 4 .. all 4 . <1' ~. !r> NATURAL COOLING. all SUPPLY FREQUENCY-60 CPS SINE WAVE CASE TEMPERATURE-ISO· C RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE LOAD.

mountinghardware policies may differ.6 ..: :&:: •. Europe. .~~. per rectifier cell for polyphase operation and dc operation.E~_~~~~l.. ..CES - AVAIlA8lE Fig.E:..as shown in the following Table to determine average forward amperes per rectifier cell..L~~_. : ..L ••.. ~ 1 ~ ~ " 2 ~ ...•::: j : : : J: . :~. (For dc operation use current multiplYing factor of 0. .1'--- '"w~ 2. . The recommended installation torque is 15 to 20 inch-pounds applied to a 10/32 UNF'-2B hex nut assembled on stud thread..gS. ...•UATPV8LISHEO HAflOWAFlE 0 PRICES for @ ~:~~~CKWASHER} SVPPllEO ~ NA38C ~ HEX. Fig.g reversepolarity versions. . 3 to determine maximum average forward amperes Step 2: Divide the required load current in amperes by the number of rectifier circuit branches . In the United Kingdom. ~ : L4~~ ~ ••••• .E+ .8. ...: : . \.Current-Multiplying-Factor Polyphase andDC operation for corresponding reverse-polarity all Chart for Types and versions. The procedure for the use of Fig.8 Because these rectifiers may operate at voltages which are dangerous. . for ~''''"'''" DFGC ~ MICAfNSULATOR ~ :::~:~::.l ".~~n~~:'~~Gm~~:~~G t:===== -0." . Fig..•••.M..5 :.7 ..~ 'ii! 100 120 Fig...... Middle East. ~ ~ .5 is used in conjunction with Fig.~~. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA salesrepresentative or supplier.2 ..NUT :~:~CE.:...5.': o i 'I:'T ::.:1: :!~:1~ ..flOW"AE.5 is as follows: Step.5 . j:::::: t~~ .~~7:~~8f:: FOR DC ~. 1... The applied torque during installation not exceed 25 inch-pounds. fO'--."..•••• .1:.3 ~ :E ::f. . care should be taken in the design of equipment to prevent the operator from coming in contact with the rectifier.~~~ NR59B INSULATOR CONNECTOR~ AT PVIlISHEO HA.1:. :::: . ~I.. ::::: 2 ~~i.) should Use of Rat i ng Charts and Ope rat i on Gu i dance Chart.:: ..Typical Reverse C1aracterist ics all Types and corres?cndir.5 ~ 8 BO I ~ I > :.'." . From Fig.~T.Typical Forward Characteristics all Types and corresponding reversepolarity versions..:~:lISHEO Q e.....::-------..~ 111ill.5 determine the currentmultipl Ylng factor for the app licable conduction angle.055'n. Fig. ii:t:1 :! u w '" w ~ 1. Ill!. .... ···I:l .2 and Fig. I: ...•'K : 1.~i : . K. and Africa.". THICKNESS •••V".•• : "'~' ~ ~ ~ O.'.Sugges ted Moun t ing Arrangemen t.T~~~Y~ rmn~ •.:::~:~:~~~:Lt~ED HEATSINK {CHASSIS} e OFJO ~~6.:.

2 or Fig. and Hote I: Normal installation torque is 15 to 20 inch-pounds appl ied to a 10/32 UNF-2B hex nut assembled on stud thread...18. lN1204-A. IN1205-A.. .8 adjusted forward amperes. . Hate 2: max. Step 3: Multiplying average forward amperes (10) obtained in Step 2 by the currentmultiplying factor (1.. lN1206-A.2 or Fig. . half-wave (wye) operation.. or (b) the minimum heat-sink size for a given incoming-air temperature or ambient temperature. lN1200-RA. Polarity Example lNl199-A.16)" port ion: 0. Step 2: For three-phase half-wave operation the number of rectifier circuit branches is three.Type of Operation Single-Phase. therefore. :-=:t')c ld not exceed 25 i nch- pounds. The appl ied torque duri ng j nstallat jn.18) obtained in Step 1 yields 11. Procedure: Step 1: From Fig. Hote 3: Angular orientation of this terminal is undefined. the minimum heat-sink size for the conditions shown is 2-1/2" x 2-1/2".189" min. (b) Desired output current = 30 amperes (c) Forced-air cooling. lN1203-RA. The average forward current through each rectifier cell is. the current mul tipl ying factor for a conduction angle of 1200 is 1. lN1202-RA... SEE /' INOTE :3 ---- 3 6 3 6 . for use with Fig. Cond it ions: (a) Three-phase. Step~: Using the product obtained in Step 3. 5... cooduction angle = 1200 Polari ty symbol for types lNl199-RA. Diameter of unthreaded 0. lN1205-RA.424'1 I If ~ Step 3: Multiply average forward amperes established in Step 2 by the current-multiplying factor established in Step 1 to determine adjusted average forward amperes per rectifier cell. of Circuit DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE JEDEC 00-4 Branches r·~~~'·~ 2 2 -·"~e·. lN1202-A. FullWave: Center-Tapped Bridge Three -Phase: Wye lliuble Wye Bridge Six-Phase Star Ho. 3..··. . . . 30/3.3 either (a) the maximum allowable incoming-air temperature or ambient temperature for a given heat-sink size.3. for forced-air cooling. or 10 amperes. Step 4: From Fig. incoming-air ture = 900 C tempera- Problem: Determine mlnlmum heat-sink Slze.t" .. lN1204-RA.·. and IN1206-RA.t. symbol for types lN1200-A. Hote~: Thedevice maybeoperated inany position. lN1203-A.. determine from Fig..

dc-to-dc converters. and with Resistive At Load • available in reverse-polarity IN2~8-RC.613.6 10.) • . battery chargers..Rattnf Chart 1N249-C.6 I 0. averaged average over one forcom- Fif· 1 . Forwa Vol tage (Volts) C Temperature I'd Drop. and temperature ratings and may be repeated after sufficient time has elapsed for the device to return to conditions • At ma~imum ward amperes plete cycle. machine-tool controls. INl197-A. and voltage.413.6 Max. FORWARD AMPERES: Average or Inductive 55 110 220 :!OO 400 500 600 39 77 154 212 284 355 424 50 100 200 300 400 500 600 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 90 I 90 DC: 1500 C case tern· perature.6 1 0. Single-Phase Operation. •• 0. 3. . DC BLOCKING VOLTS .6 10. • designed to meet stringent military mechanical and environmental specifications PEAK INVERSE VOLTS .~ rectifiers in slngrephase full-wave bridge circuit (One-half cycle.5 Superimposed on device operating within the maximum specified voltage. and in other heavy-duty industrial and military equipment.Rectifiers OO(]5LJ[] 1N249C 1N25OC 1N1195A Solid State Division 1N1196A 1N1197A 1N1198A Appl icat ions: In power supplies for mobile equipment. INI197-RA. IN250-RC. IN 1196-RA. HALF-WAVE RECTIFIER SERVICE Maximum Ratings: Absolute-Maximum Values for SUPPly frequency of 60cps. PEAK SURGE AMPERES:. dc-motor power supplies.212. 350 1350 • 1 350 1 350 1 350 1 350 I 350 See Rating Chart IV CASE TEMPERATURE: t i ng and Storage Ope ra -65 to +1750 at 1500 C Case Characteristics Max.211. At other temperatures See PEAK RECURRENT AMPERES . Reve rse Currente (Ma.exceptional unlformity of characteristics • welded construction • hermetic seaIs • low thermal res istance • low leakage current • low forward va ltage drop • J EoEC 00-5 outl ine • high output current: UP to 8~ amperes -. aircraft and missile power supplies.813. RMS SUPPLY VOLTS . INl195-A.. full-wave bridge circuit 60 amperes -. IN2~9-RC. dynamic braking system~. high-power transmitter and rf-generator power supplies.. the presurge thermal equilibrium • peak = inverse 20. current. .6 I 0.6 rectifiers in 3-phase. 90 1 90 I Chart Rating 90 I 90 1 901 • diffused-junction process -. IN250-C.. sine wave) •• (For more than one cycle). INl198-A. INl196-A.512. INII98-RA versions: INI195-RA.6 10. and correspondinf versions. reverse-polarity 1 for Types IN248-C.

1N249-C. AWAY FROM T. INCOMNG-AIR TEMPERATURE: MEASUREO AT A POINT IN SPACE !4. ::la: . INl195-A.. IN250-C. 1N249-C.ss'V'1Tilllllll OF 0. INl195-A. 3 . INl197-A..-E CASE AND ttLACt\ 5URFAC~ ANO THt. 300 ~ ~3 ~~2oo ~:J ". IN1196-A.EM.15 .Hatin~ Chart III for Types IN248-C.. IN250-C. INl197-A.. 92CM-I074!t Fi~.•~ c a: a: ~ ..9. TEMPERATURE =1.)(IUUU RATED VALUE 400 ~d \ '\. and correspondin~ reverse-polarity versions. IN250-C.:::60 CPS SINE WAVE CASE. SUPP\. INl198-A. - - 0 9ZCS-I090Q Fi~.. INl195-A. INl198-A. and correspondin~ reverse-polarity versions. 1N249-C. INl196-A.5 .Chart V for Types IN248-C. INl198-A.~·C RESlSTIV[ OR INDUCTIVE LOAD RMS SUPPLY VOLTAGE =h4AXIMUM RATED VALUE DC OUTPUT CURRENT=MA.RMAL !4" BElDW THE HEAT SINK.'" ~ 20 .4 -Hatin£! Chart IV for Types IN248-C.•'"" '" :> ~ '"i '0 ..• 10 X '" 92CM-I0741 Fi~. 2. and correspondin~ reverse-polarity versions.• ~~ ".•'15" " . Fi£!. INl195-A.Hatin£! Chart II for Types iN248-C. 1N249-C. 2 .Y fREQUENCY. .. u u 15 ~ '" . IN250-C.. and correspondin£! reversepolarity versions. INl196-A. INl196-A. IN1197-A• INl198-A. 100 "- •••. INl197-A..• '" i?'.

The average forward current through each rectifier element is.7 . and correspondinf! reverse-polarity versions.as shown in the following Table -to determine average forward amperes per rectifier element. determine from Rating Chart II or Rating O1art III either (a) the maximum allowable incomingair temperature or ambient temperature for a given heat-sink size. the minimum heat-sink size for the conditions shown in Step 3 is 3" x 3". 1Nl198-A.TYPical Forward Charactenstics for Types IN248-C. half-wave operation. Use of Rating Charts O1art V is used in conj unction wi th Rating O1arts II and III to determine maximum average forward amp~res per recti fier uni t for polyphase operation and dc operation. 1N249-C. therefore.) Step 2: [nvide the required load current in amperes by the number of rectifier circuit branches -. Step 4: From Rating Chart III.18) obtained in Step 1 yields 17. of Circuit Branches Si~gle-Phase.TYPical Reverse Charactenstics for Types IN248-C. (For dc operation use current multiplying factor of 0.6 . INl197-A. incoming-air temperature = 900 C Problem: Determine minimum heat-sink Size. Step 2: For three-phase half-wave operation the number of rectifier circuit branches is three.8. Cond itions: (a) Three-phase. INl195-A. and correspondinf! reverse-polarity verSions. The appl ied torque during installation should not exceed 75 inch-pounds. 45/3. The procedure for the use of O1art V is as follows: Step I: From Chart V determine the currentmultiplying factor for the applicable conduction angle. Step ~: Using the product obtained in Step 3. 1N250-C. the current multiplying factor for a conduction angle of 1200 is 1. or 15 amperes. for use with Rating O1art II or Rating O1art III. . 1N249-C. INl198-A. conduction angle = 1200 (b) Desired output cur~ent = 45 amperes (c) Forced-air cooling. The recommended installation torque is 26 to 36 inch-pounds applied to a 1/4-28 lNF-2A hex nut assembled on thread.Fif!. Because these recti fiers may operate at vol tages which are dangerous. for forcedair cooling. INl196-A. or (b) the minimum heatsink size for a given incoming-air temperature or ambient temperature. Type of Operation No. IN250-C.7 adjusted average forward amperes. INl195-A. INl196-A. Procedure: Step 1: From O1art V. care should be taken in the design of equipment to prevent the operator from coming in contact wi th the recti fier. INl197-A. Fullwave: Center-Tapped 2 Sri e 2 ree- ase: Wye Double Wye Bri e lX- ase 3 6 6 tar Step 3: Multiply average forward amperes established in Step 2 by the current multiplying factor establ ished in Step 1 to determine ad- Fif!. Step 3: Multiplying average forward amperes 05) obtained in Step 2 by the current multipI ying factor (1. justed average forward amperes per rectifier element.18.

. for * types lN250-C. lN2~9-RC. Polarity symbol lN2~B-RC. lN1196-A. symbol lN2~9-C. Middle East. 1~1197-RA. lN1196-RA. lN1195-A. DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE J EOEC 00-5 . .I7S" MAX. Europe. and lNl19B-RA.In the United Kingdom. and Africa. TERMINAL ANY POSITION.140' MIN. NOTE 2: ANGULAR ORIENTATION OF THIS NOTE 3: DEVICE IN CAN BE USED for types lN250-RC. mountinghardware policies may differ. UNDEFINED. HOLE • Pol ar i ty lN2~B-C. and lN119B-A. lNl195-RA. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier. lNl197-A. CIA.

. 1N1184RA. 1N1189RA....... Max.. Forward Voltage Drop (Volts)b . diffused-junction silicon rectifiers suitable for use in generator·type power supplies for mobile electrical and electronic equipment..... RMS SUPPLY VOLTS .. at maximum peak reverse voltage.•...[Jla3LJO Solid State Division 1N1183A 1N1184A 1N1186A-1N1190A 40-Ampere Silicon Rectifiers Stud-Mounted Types for I ndustrial and Military Power Supplies Features: _ Low thermal resistance - Welded construction _ Low forward voltage drop ...... marine...... in dc-blocking applications.. Characteristics: Max. Reverse Current (mAl: • PEAK RECURRENT AMPERES .. 1N1188RA... current...withstands installation lN1187A lNl188A 300 400 284 400 212 300 lNl189A lNll90A 500 600 355 500 424 600 ~ ~ ~ 40 See Fig......•. - Diffused·junction process ....5 2.... .•.... peak reverse voltage and case temperature ......•.................. lNl183A PEAK REVERSE VOLTS .exceptional uniformity stability of characteristics • Hermetic seals and These rectifiers are conservatively rated to permit continuous operation at maximum ratings in applications requiring high reliability under severe operating conditions. lNl184A.... Junction·to-Case ... Operating and storage ...............•....•..JEDEC DO-5 Outline up to 160 amperes ... lN1186A.. PEAK SURGE AMPERES:' One-half cycle...... full-wave bridge circuit • Available in reverse-polarity versions: 1N1183RA..•.... lNll84A 100 70 100 lN1186A 200 140 200 •• • • • • For more than one cycle mounting stud .. lNl187A.. lNl188A...... in magnetic amplifiers. full-wave bridge circuit up to 120 amperes .4 rectifiers in single-phase. Max.... 5 •~ 195 • • -65 to +2000C 0.5 0... 1 800 See Fig..65 2.•. In addition...........Low leakage current _ High output current: ........... DC BLOCKING VOLTS 50 35 50 . and in power supplies for aircraft. 1N1187RA. At other case temperatures .... and 1Nl190A are 40·ampere.... and case temperature (OCI = '50..........5 • • a Superimposed on device operating within the maximum specified voltage.... They are also extremely useful in power supplies for de motors. and rf generators..015 2. in dc-to-dc converters and battery chargers...... Thermal Resistance. maximum average forward amperes = 40. C DC value....... sine wave .....•..6 rectifiers in 3-phase. RCA-1N1183A... .. and missile equipment......... and temperature ratings and may be repeated after sufficient time has elapsed for the device to return to the presurge thermal--equilibrium conditions.... CASE TEMPERATURE RANGE: ~nami~ StaticC •..... 1N1186RA.. at maximum (OCI = 25....... 1N1190RA - Extra-high-strength zirconium-alloy torque of up to 50 inch-pounds - Designed to meet stringent military mechanical and environmental specifications.2 2 1......... and in a wide variety of other applications in heavy-duty industrial and military equipment... 2.8 ~ ~ I°C/W b Average value for one complete cycle..•••..•..... 1Nl189A.. they utilize a special zirconium-alloy mounting stud which can withstand installation torques of up to 50 inch-pounds a feature of significant value in applications involving mechanical shock and vibration. in welding and electroplating equipment. AVERAGE FORWARD AMPERES: At 1 SOOC case temperature ... trans· mitters.5 2.....

FORCED-AIR COOLING:AR VELOCITY"~I SINGLE-PHASE OPERATION. 1000 FEET PER MINUTE PARALLEL RECTIFIER TYPE IS STUDTO PLANE OF HEAT SlM<.9.BELOW THE HEAT SIM(. .AWAY FROM THE CASE ANO 114. JlEASURED AT A POINT IN SPACE 1/4. tNCOttlNG-AIR TEMPERATURE. 4 HEAT SlNK:1/16--THICK COPPER WITH A MAT BLACK SURFACE AM> THERMAL EMISSIVITY OF 0. MOUNTED OfiECTLY ON HEAT SN<.

93 5.OOmmt = 0. Europe.44 UN' 'A 0.249 5..315 THICKNESS INSULATING BUSHING on. Recommended torqu. (B.56 .000 19..~:?:.05 25.T " - 0.. HlOdbook H 28 Part I. NR110A ~ LOCK ~ NA388 ~ HEX.72 11.! bMe il optionlil.669 0.52 .~. RMS SUPPLY VOLTAGE:MAXIMUM-RATED VALUE AvERAGE FQRWARD CURRENT~MAXIMUM-RATED VALUE C 800 \ ~~ 600 ~~ .CASE TEMPERATURE:150o SUPPLY F"REOUENCY:60 CPS SINE WAVE RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE LOAD.'1' 2A . '" ! e 92CS-1I340 Fig.u ~ ~'" ~~ 400 ~~ 2'" I ~i :I:<J: 200 ----.47 .w.50 - 2.~.6- Typical forward characteristics for ponding reverse-polarity versions.080 0.M 0.40 .ISHEO HAROWAREPRICES ~ tOO ~ a 80 ~.59 6. 3: oW il p'lch diilt1leterof coated threads..·0.16 16.0..~"" 0. - MILLIMETERS MAX MIN 0. Middle East.375 - 9..152 3 NOTES: 1: Ch"mfer Ofundercut on one or both 1100 of hex. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA salesrepresentative or supplier.115 0.090 1/4-28 I UNF 114. 2: Angullll"o""en~tion.175 3.43 NOTES 0.53 mml MAX.32 0.77 2..002 - 0.794 - 20.667 E 0. - 4.1Services.97 .0. all types and corres* INCHES SYMBOL A MIN. 11. REF: Screw·Threll!d St"nd"rds lor Feder.453 10.1. (1.: 30 inch-poundl.156 - 3.03 - 0.200 2.o .050 0. 17.422 0.062 in.140 0.00 " 0.030 0. -- --- ~ ~i~~INSULATOR ~ :::~::.0 . A.08 J 0.n. 0. - S 0. ~" "" ~"~ .. 0.750 1.220 0.A'CA"'''M''~'O ~ " ~~:~CTOR~- AVAILA8LEArf'U81.006 - 0.. .nd contour of Tetminal No. mountinghardware policies may differ.28 b N 0.':I~~:LISHEO GJ --0 {~~~~~~~K DF3H TEFLON' 0---- ~!~~~~.450 - MAX.688 17.1 Iloption.94 N. } WASHER ~LIEU :::CE NUT In the United Kingdom. and Africa.

at TFA = . lN3194. . 1N3256.100 • Designed to meet stringent temperature-cycling and humidity requirements of critical industrial and consumer-product applications RECTIFIER SERVICE (For a supply-line frequency of 60 cps) MAXIMUM RATINGS. Absolute-Maximum Values: For resistive or inductive load 1N3193 1N3253 PEAK REVERSE VOLTAGE RMSSUPPLY VOLTAGE FORWARD CURRENT: For free-air temperatures 1N3194 1N3195 1N3196 1N3254 1N3255 1N3256 400 600 420 200 140 .OOcn5LJD Rectifiers lN3255 lN3193 lN3195 lN3253 lN3256 lN3194 lN3196 lN3254 lN3563 Solid State Division Diffused· Junction Silicon Rectifiers For Industrial and Consumer-Product Applications Features: • Cylindrical design with axial leads for simple handling and installation • Compact. -65 to +100 -65 to +175 °C °C . respectively.2 0. and 1N3256 are insu lated versions of types 1N3193. at TFA Static. Type lN3563 is an insulated rectifier which does not have an uninsulated equivalent.2 0.200 to 1000 volts °c • Maximum free-air operating temperature . RANGE: . . lN3194. For free-air temperatures above 75°C.005 0. and 1N3563 have transparent. .5 ampere Maximum Reverse Current: Dynamic.2 0.005 0. . . • High maximum forward-current amperes at 75 °c ratings . 1N3255. .2 0. lN3254. hermetically sealed metal case (0. 0. 255 °C At a Free-Air Temperature of 2SOC: 1N3195 1N3255 Maximum 1N3196 1N3256 1N3563 Instantaneous Forward Voltage Drop at dc forward current of 0. DC PEAK RECURRENT SURGE . 1N3254. high-dielectric-strength plastic sleeve over metal case RCA-1N3193.240" max. length. .2 1. see Rating Chart.) • Insulated types 1N3253. 1N3256. lN3196. Types 1N3253. .For "turn-on" time of 2 milliseconds FREE-AiR-TEMPERATURE Operating. 280 For capacitor·. 1N3254. lN3195. lN3253. dia. and lN3196. .405" max. = 750C" 250C** . For 10 seconds maximum Characteristics. 1. . .2 1..up to 750 milli- • Peak-reverse-voltage ratings .nput filter 1N3563 1N3193 1N3253 1N3194 800 1000 200 560 700 70 400 140 400 500 500 6 35 1N3195 1N3255 1N3256 600 800 1000 volts 210 280 350 volts 500 6 400 6 5 300 4 ma amp 35 35 35 35 amp 1N3254 1N3196 1N3563 up to 75°C. and 1N3563 are hermetically sealed silicon rectifiers of the diffused-junction type utilizing small cylindrical metal cases and axial leads.005 volts ma ma . 1N3255. 1N3255. . Storage LEAD TEMPERATURE: .

OUTPUT VOLTAGE ~ _ .'.1 :1 -. ~II. ."'}- ~~ ::- \~~~- I"~.:j DC rI . · .. Jj TYPE IN3194~I. \tl3\96 + +~ C 1.> \t\:!>'l.• DO NOT EXCEED MAXIMUM PEAK-REVERSE-VOLTAGE RATING. ..>Z~4 ~".: . SOLID-LINE OJRVES: DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS MEASURED AT FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE. ··:100· 0.. i -...25()~FD .~~~.t.IN3254 •.! ~ j.N3254 r.> c.. ~.' --F-cf-~ . .)"!> . .-~ 56 and 1N3254 :.!t>6'.75C AND AT MAXIMUM DC FORWARD-CURREHT RATING DASHED LINE CURVES: STATIC CHARACTERISTICS MEASURED AT FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE" 25.C ··· '00 c9.1~~ 'ii~~"~ I" 1N3194 Typical operation characteristics of types in full·wave voltage·doubler service.~~ II- V IN'3196 IN'3256 IN~63 V ·· '0 92CS-I0919RJ FigA- · . TYPE IN3194.•.<C.q'. I . .

types 1N3196 and . t. 140 0 u 0 120 9ZCS -I0915RI Fig.8- Typical operation characteristics of 1N3256 in half-wave rectifier service.'"~ 160 0 > I- :> a.

686) 0035(0.4 (35. EXTEND ENDS OF CASE. GLASS iNSULATION 0135 (3.4 (35. Wall Thickness: DIA 92CS-11229R3 NOTE 2: ARROW INDICATES CURRENT DIA.CATHODE LEAD 1.43) 0.01 MAX.686) 0035 (0.24016.021 (0.. Degree of Transparency: Optically clear OF FORWARD (EASY) BY DC AMMETER. (NOTE I) 1. NOTE TO METAL CASE.139( 353) DJA (2 LEADS) 0. DIRECTION (EASY) BY DC AMMETER. i i METAL CASE WITH INSULATING SLEEVE (NOTE 3) ' 10.3% Surface resistivity is not affected by moisture.002" Dielectric Strength: 4500 volts/mil at 2SoC 3150 volts/mil at 150°C Moisture Absorption: 0. DIRECTION FLOW AS INDICATED 3: INSULATOR SLEEVE MAY Material: Plastic 0.6) MIN.889) DtA NOTE 1: CONNECTED TO METAL NOTE 2: ARROW INDICATED CURRENT NOTE 1: CONNECTED FLOW AS INDICATED OF FORWARD (2 LEADS) 0021 (0.6) MIN.889) ~ CASE. 1/16" BEYOND .

021015 021035 021035F • Highly reliable circuit which can also be used as a low-voltage power supply.DDJ]3LJD Thyristors/ Rectifiers 537025F 537035F Solid State Division 021015 021035 021035F Horizontial. as well as 36. S3702SF and S3703SF...Deflection SeR's and Rectifiers 1 * For 1100 Large-Screen Color TV Features: • Operation from supply voltages between 150 and 270 V (nominal). both operated at 25 kV (nominal value!. To facilitate direct connection across each silicon controlled rectifier. the anode connections of silicon rectifiers D2103S and D2103SF are reversed as compared to that of a normal power-supply rectifier diode. TRACE CA .. The silicon controlled rectifier S3703SF (40888) * and the silicon rectifier D2103SF (40890)* are designed to act as a bipolar switch that controls horizontal yoke current during the beam trace interval..~---. The silicon rectifier D2101S (40892)* may be used as a clamp to protect the circuit components from excessively high transient voltages which may be generated as a result of arcing in the picture tube or in a high-voltage rectifier tube. These ReA types are designed for use in a horizontal output circuit such as that shown in Fig. I COMMUTATING SWITCH r----. R • Ability to supply as much as 7 mJ of stored energy to the deflection yoke. . which is sufficient for 29 mm-neck picture tubes. "A New Horizontal Deflection System Using S3705M and S3706M Silicon Controlled Rectifiers".6 mA de. I . 1. average 1.-S~~~H S3703SF --. HIGH-VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER . I I Ly I I I I For a description of the operation of SeA deflection systems see ReA Application Note AN-3780. "Switching-Device Requirements for a New Horizontal·Oeflection System". To initiate trace-retrace switching and control yoke current during retrace. "An SeR Horizontal-Sawtooth·Current and High-Voltage Generator for Magnetically Deflected Picture Tubes". • Ability to handle high beam current. J. ST-3835..5 mm-neck tubes. the silicon controlled rectifier S3702SF (40889) * and the silicon rectifier D21 03S (40891) * act as the commutating switch. ST·3871.

.•..•... .lA VII'S Turn-Qff Time t: TC '" 70°C... .2 3 V 'GT 15 40 15 45 mA .. Peak Surge (Non-Repetitive): For one cycle of applied voltage.. ....... .......•... . At Maximum Ratings and at Indicated Case Temperature (T C) CHARACTERISTICS.•.... . ... . 3.. -remperature transients measurement ELECTRICAL SILICON above this value must be provided. .. .. Absolute-Maximum CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS MAXIMUM SILICON Values: TRACE SCR S3703SF Non·Repetitive Peak Off-State Voltage: Gate open Repetitive Peak Off-State Voltage: VOSOM .. .....•. Repetitive Peak Reverse Voltage: On-State Current: T C :: 60cC. minimum auxiliary load...... Operating (easel -Any 750 ITIAV) = for 10 750' 180°: RMS . .....•... and gate voltage point V 25 5 di/dt ......1 J......8 4 V . . . turn-off time must not fall below the given values. .....•. less than the maximum is permitted.. case temperature must not exceed 70 See Figs... = against product 700 25 ITlRMS) Storage . tq - 2..5 0. Gate Power Dissipatione..•... TYP............. ...5 1.. .... . ....... off-frequency.. . dv/dt On-State Voltage: iT'" 20 A TC '" 25°C OC Gate Trigger Current: TC::: 25°C .. 3. vT Critical Rate-of Rise of Off-State Voltage: TC .... conduction COMMUTATING RECTIFIERS CHARACTERISTIC SYMBOL LIMITS S3703SF S3702SF MAX.iS rise time ..2 3. DC Gate Trigger Voltage: TC::: 25°C ..RATINGS.. IDOM 0..•. .••.. . of gate current . .... e........... .... ......... .. the sum of reverse recovery time and gate recovery time...5 1... is measured from the zero crossing of current to the stan of the reapplied voltage........ . Circuit-Commutated ......... .2 5 A A 50 50 200 200 25 25 PGM which Transients results in a gate power is shown on the DIMENSIONAL V A A/J...•. Instantaneous .5 mA 2..).. Thermal Resistance: Junction-to-Case 700lMIN.. CONTROLLEO V ITSM . o Turn-off time increases with temperature....•. . the reapplied voltage.... .•.. .. .... VOO '" Rated VOROM TC "'S50C .. TYP..... OUTLINE...lA . therefore.. reverse -35 V Range-.... Gate open .... 0..... angle = gate bias Temperature .. .•..... zero-beam.. ... Critical Rate of Rise of On-State Current: For V VOROM rated value.... See Fig..2 !Js !Js - 4 °CIW Up to 500 V max. In the \/YOrst conditions (high line.. .....2 3 2... Rate of Reapplied Voltage (dv/dtl '" 400 V/lls ........... .. 50 Hz . 70°C . etc.. max...... . .. Gate open . . Knowledge of the current.. VGT 1.. ....& 700 IMIN............ ..8 4 1... . ..... . This parameter... MAX......5 V IS3702SF) Rate of Reapplied Voltage (dv/dt) = 175 VIlls.... and the case temperature is necessary when measuring tq.....iS W Tstg -40 to 150 DC T -40 to BO °c c generated by arcing may persist for as long as 10 cycles..•.. 2 & 3. UNITS Peak Forward Off-State Current: Gate open.. ...•. IGT 50 mA... . . ....... ...•......4 - - ROJC - 4 - - - 4... . 50 Hz sine wave.... .. Peak (forward or reversel BOO· VRROM Average DC o = SCR S37U2SF VOROM = T C BOoC ........ Minimum negative bias dunng turn-off time = -20 V (S3703SF) and -2. . *Protection J1s duration...

.. . •• At distances no closer to rectifier ELECTRICAL body than during any 64 points /.....s in duration... • . T A Reverse·Recovery IFM V RANGE: Storage ..... .......I t75V//J-s REAPPLIED dv/dt .... • ...... ....... ..•. ... · ... ..... . .. ... . . ........ LEAD TEMPERATURE A A A T5tg TC °c °c TL °c •••••: For 10·s maximum ... 10 250 - vF 1.....•...•.. . ...Is period ......... .. .. Operating ICase) ... Peak-surge (non·repetitive) ••...•.. 10}J. . A and B on outline drawing........ .....l'I/I'I.. .. ....•.... . ......... See Fig...•....... = IF 100°C = 0. . .5 V trr 0.. 0...7 IJs 'RM IJA - Drop: . • . Repetitive peak . 700 800 FORWARD CURRENT: RMS . +H' I ~IO/J-$-.. .•...•...... .......•.. .... .•. CHARACTERISTICS SILICON RECTIFIERS MAXIMUM CHARACTERISTIC Reverse SYMBOL LIMITS UNITS 021015 D2103S D2103SF Current: Static For VRRM For V R At 'F = = = 500 Instantaneous max.... .•. ..... . .... T C = I r---25/J-s-----l ~2... ... ... • . ...... 6A :~ I A/p. ...•..•...... ..•.?? 021015 REVERSE VOLTAGE"": Non·repetitive peak ••.........'i:~~....•... For a maximum of 3 pulses....•. ..•.- ~~O/ .•........ ......•. ....s. .... .tq t: j 1 I II' II II I I I to-- t IBOv __ MAX. ...4/J-s II I ~ r--" "I.. .... •• Maximum current rating applies only if the rectifier is properly mounted to maintain junction temperature below 150°C.....•... . Time: 3. ... ...... .. ** p' 70 V = = Voltage 75°C pulse duration = = 25°C .. Peak (repetitive) TEMPERATURE 3-- 30 0.. .. ....14 A...•.....•... -di/dt ps.5 0. .•. rated value..... T C Forward 4 A... . .. .. . .•..... V...•. 4 ... % sinewave..4 1.. •• For ambient temperatures up to 45°C ...5 12 ...... . . .94 ~--r = -10 25°C ...... I I 1 I'dv/dt.. T C ... L I 1/ : :~P'::'&~D I dv/dt 400V//J-s I REAPPLIED ...•.. .......•.....

n.. Europe. The procedure illustrated in Fig. Fla.250 In. and Africa.-O. 0..(4. 5 will provide adequate heat sinking for trace and commutating rectifiers.D..• 0."'" FROMACA Fig.The SCR's and rectifiers can be operated at full current only if they have adequate heat sinking.92) f!7= 0 -~ 0 ° ' g5~~~~ DF31A MICA INSULATOR SUf'PLtEOw. . equivalent.5-Suggested clamp plate and mounting arrangement for rectifiers 02103S and 02103SF.NUTS@ } ~.312 (7. Q Hollywood. U" 2 METAL 2 LOCK WASHERS WASHERS 2 NYLON INSULATING BUSHINGS I.EFIlOt.·~l]~r.125 ------(·2a. or 6·32 ~HOT"'V""L"'8L. shown FigA-Suggested sews hardware and mounting arrangement for S3702SF and S3703SF.n. ® @ 2HEX. (6.!. Lip punching of the chassis at one end of the clamp plate..00mm) SHOULDER OIA . Middle East. 2029 Taft St.oAC'" o". check the availability of all items With your ReA sales representative or supplier... 2 SCAEWS. . 0.27 mm) MAX. 1.THOEV'CE 0 o o 0 ~cEHA:s~:~r e e ~ Q ~ -::. A single aluminum plate made as shown in Fig. 4 should be used when mounting the SCA's.581----1 S3702SF and S3703SF fit socket PTS-4 (United International Dynamics Corp. makes it possible to mount the rectifier using only one screw.40 mml SHOULDER THICKNESS" 0.050 .. In the United Kingdom.156.NUTS@ 2S0LDER 495334-7 LUGS~ 2HEX. mountinghardware policies may differ.

028 A .36 1..40 41.Anode (JEDEC 00-1) D2101S.48 NOTES .' 0.99 CONNECTIONS Pin 1 .200 0. MAX.88 24.093 0.28 Q H 5.188 inch (4. . 0.35 0.962 0.570 MILLIMETERS MAX.340 0.000 1.14 10.470 0. - " 0.027 0. D2103SF SYMBOL MILLIMETERS NOTES MAX.78 mm) from the point of attachment to the body. Dimension to allow for pinch or seal deformation anywhere along tubulation 2.18 1 0.60 1 1.89 2 bl ¢D 3.0 .75 12. MIN. .190 0. Case . from free end of lead to within 0.145 0. INCHES MIN.Gate Pin 2 .42 0.89 3.035 0.14 3. the diameter may vary to allow for lead finishes and irregularities.590 TERMINAL Mounting DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE 11.08 0.27 - 9.64 0.68 14.43 8.620 0.280 6.11 ¢b POLARITY SYMBOL INDICATES DIRECTION OF FORWARD (EASY) CURRENT FLOW. MAX.78 mm) dimension.360 0. Within the 0. " '2 0.91 1.075 0.83 2.245 0.142 0.Cathode Flange.125 0.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE (JEDEC TO-66) S3702SF.350 0.711 8.725 18.33 2. 2 - 3. D2103S.220 0.70 5.863 15.22 7.59 6.61 24.500 0.075 1.360 0.5 0.034 0.400 9.7 NOTES: 1.S3703SF INCHES SYMBOL MIN.050 ". Diameter to be controlled (optional).050 6.188 inch (4.69 0.72 1. 0.27 0.958 L 'p q - .210 0.64 12.625 25.260 5.94 4. THIS POLARITY 1$ OPPOSITE TO ReA POWER SUPPLY RECTIFIERS. 0. ¢D2 F 0.91 Gl K 0. MIN.250 0.33 14.16 ¢Dl 0.025 0.107 0.0.152 0.

A simplified schematic diagram for the utilization of these SCA's and silicon rectifiers is shown below. The S3705M (40640)* 02601EF (40642)* components.5mA (max. seeApplication Note AN-3780. The S3706M (40641) * silicon controlled-rectifier and the 026010F (40643)* silicon rectifier are the commutating (retrace) circuit components. For detailed information on the operation of this new deflection circuit.) • Can fully deflect to 90°. beam JEOEC 00-26 current capability: to 1. controlling They silicon controlled-rectifier silicon provide the horizontal and the rectifier are the trace circuit bipolar switching action for yoke current during the picture tube beam-trace interval. The 02600EF (40644)* silicon rectifier is used as a clamp in the trace circuit to protect the circuit components from excessively high voltages which may result from arcing in the picture tube or high-voltage rectifier. They control the yoke current during the retrace interval. possible SILICON CONTROLLED· RECTIFIER AND ~ SILICON RECTIFIER COMPLEMENT • Supply for off-the-line voltages: • Outstanding B+ = 155 V operotion: performance picture-tube dc average tages and reliability COMMU- S3706M TATING (RETRACE) D260lDF SWITCH D2600EF D2601DF D2601EF (nom. 1-7/16" 108 to 129 V ac ~ For Horizontal Deflection Circuits of Large-Screen Color·TV Receivers • High • Designed G-- value) pi cture tubes having deflection angles neck diameters.Thyristors/Rectifiers OOm5LJD S3705M D2600EF S3706M D2601DF D2601EF Solid State Division These RCA devices are silicon controlled rectifiers and silicon rectifiers intended for use in horizontal-deflection circuits of large-screen color· television receivers. and 25-kV ultor vol- .

.. (case) . O.. -40 to +100 of peak gate current or peak gate voltage For information on the reference point to give of temperature the maximum gate power are permissible... Peak (forward or reverse) for 10 IJS duration Temperature Rangeb: Storage Operating a Any values b -40 to + ISO .........llJsrisetime .•. temperature of +600C and 60 Hz Average OC at 1800 conduction RMS •. angle... ... Gate Power Dissipationa.Repetitive Peak With gate Repetitive Reverse Voltage open . IT(AV) 'T(RMS) Surge (Non· Repetitive) On· State Current: For one cycle Critica SCR 600 Current: For case Peak SCR Voltage .. measurement.. IGT= SOmA...•.:----. see Dimensional / dV/dt~' I I I VRX _____ . Peak With gate On-State Off-State open of 60 Hz voltage.l I I I I I I I I ~'Q I I - tori I I Outline.... I Rate of Rise of On·State Current: For VOX = V(BO)O rated value.

dV/dt = 400 V/~s (to 100 V).....2~s).2 3 V 15 30 15 30 mA(dc) 1.•. At TC = +800C .. Circuit-Commutated Turn-Off Time: (Reverse recovery time + gate recovery time) Trace SCRAt ITM = 6 A (tr = 25 ~s. V(BO)O V(BO)O Peak Forward Off-State Current: With gate open. . 4 .... initial di/dt = 20 A/~s to 3 A)...8 4 V(dc) 4 °C/W 100M 100M 0.. f = 15..... Min.. SCR Max. TC = 70°C ...5 1. Typ.. Max..2 ICT VCT ROJC UNIT S3706M Trace SCR Typ. TC = 70°C .75 kHz. Vo = 0 V (prior to turn on). VR = 0. Vo = 350 V (prior to turn on).5 A/~s).)..5 1.. .75 kHz. Vo = 400 V (reapplied at 175 V/~s).. Commutating Min... 400 V V 550 0...8 V (min. tr= 0.. VR = 0.. Instantaneous On-State Voltage: For an on-state current of 30 A......) IGT= 100mA(tp= 3~s. TC = +250C DC Cate Trigger Current: At TC = +250C .5 mA mA 3 2.8 V (min... di/dt = 2.. IGT= 100mA. VGK(bias) = -30 V (68 D source).S3705M Breakover Voltoge: With gate open At TC = + 100°C .•..5 vT 2..5V (47 D source during turn ofO... VGK(bias) = -2.•.. Thermal Resistance: Junction-to-Case .. Commutating SCRAt ITM = 13 A (Yo sine wave 7 ~s base. DC Cate Trigger Voltage: At TC = +250C .8 4 1. f = 15. VOO = V(BO)O rated value At TC = +1000C At TC = +800C ...

... D2600EF.9 6.3 0... J Pulse width At max.25 10 mA Reverse Recovery Time: At IF = 20mA...3 max I'S Peak Turn-On Voltage: At IF = 20 mA.. pulse repetition rate = I'A 15... Peak Repetitive. Lead Temperature: For 10 seconds maximum....LS. . At T A = 25°C. IR = ImA..j:@ .... peak = 3 ms.25 10 0. :. File 1'10......3 20 A A A A • °e °e Peak Reverse Valtaged .. Forward Current: d DC .. 40 0 •• •...... VRM(nonrep) 700 800 700 V VRM(rep) 550 450 550 V IF IF(RMS) IFM(rep) IFM(surge) 1 1.. C Pulse width 3 pulses. S3706M... Storage . Te = 25°C ...w 0: For ambient temperatures up to 45°C and maximgm thermal resistance from reference point to ambient of 4S C/W with devices operating in circuit of Fig.. ..354 D2601EF SILICON RECTIFIERS D2601EF Trace MAXIMUM RATINGS: D2601DF Commutating D2600EF Clamp Silicon Rectifiers Non-Repetitive Repetitive Peak Reverse Voltagec . reverse voltage and zero forward current.3 0... 0 -~ -~ 0 AMBIENT ~ ~ ~ TEMPERATURE (TA)- 100 °C 125 I~ ..S3705M.. !o 75°C Max. 'OO 0" 0:0: ~~ 60 ~9 ~Q...3 2 V IRM IRM 0.. .. . ..... Reverse Current (Static):! At Te = 100°C .25 10 0. ton 0. . Te = 25°C ...I.... Ambient Temperature Operating .. Range: • • -40 to +150 -40 to +175 • 255 vFM 1. . . T A Forward Voltage Drop: . ... Instantaneous At IF = 4 A.1 1.. Te = 25°C..7 kHz. ....6 max I'S Turn-On Time: At IF = 20 mA. D2601DF. trr 1.....6 6 10 1 0. = 10 J.. . RMS ...... °e CHARACTERISTICS: Max.. .5 70 1 1. 5 6 7 max V TA Tstg ..2 0..1 1.. Peak Surgee . E a_... 0: ~ 2O! Q.3 1.

.036 1. ~0220-0260 (5. S3705M. 0 <'69j_~09i1 4.••~ l 02601 OF.'"' DETAILS IN THIS CATHODE LEAD 1. 026010F.093 (2072) 2. CATHODE.470 ('~I.152 .027-.5i.86) .036 (. 02600EF.CASE Pin 1: Gate Pin 2: Cathode Case: Anode (easy) current 02601EF flow .. r 075 1 1 '"' ".500 .344 -:410 (8.107 REFERENCE POINT FOR CASE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT ..O) ".02600EF. 3.83 GLASS INSULATION .41) . .142 .74 -10. S37061\1 340 (864) "'~ l .027-.~A~·601 <±> + 92C5-14457R3 Note 1: Connected to metal case.69-.190 (5 33) ANODE LEAD HOLES OIA (3.d OIA. CIA. 02601EF JEOEC 00-26 JEOEC TO-66 pm) I".91) i .4(35. (NOTE Il OF OUTLINE ZONE OPTIONAL .36 REFERENCE POINT ~~~~:~EEr~~~~~E~ (478) "-- 210 2 MOUNTING . Note 2: Arrow indicates direction of forward as indicated by de ammeter.56) MIN.61 .4 (35.56) MIN.

I RM see test circuit Fig. These devices feature fast recovery times (0. . from 20 A peak) without the "snap" type of turn-off which could result in the generation of transients..... .3 ms) For other durations PEAK (REPETITIVE) CURRENT TEMPERATURE RANGE: Storage. 200 V 400 V drop • Low-thermal-resistance package 600 V 800 V 02601M D2601N hermetic Package 00-26 0260' F 0260' A - - RCA·D2601·series types rectifiers in an axial-lead their voltage hermetic are silicon package. . Tstg . 02601F REVERSE VOLTAGE: REPETITIVE PEAK . (I F = 1 A. . Average REAK-SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE) CURRENT: At junction temperature IT Jl = 150°C For one-half cycle of applied voltage. . IFRM . F. and inverters. D. half·sine-wave RMS . . 14) S . • Fast reverse-recovery time (trr) 0. 1..5 J..... VRRM VRSM 50 '00 10 . . .. Operating (Junction) LEAD TEMPERATURE (Durin9 Solderin9): At a distance of 1/8 in. choppers.. (I FM = 20 A peak see test circuit Fig.. diode circuits. 2 6 -40 to '65 40 to 150 225 • At lead temperature of 100°C (measured at point of anode lead 1/32 in: 10. NON-REPETITIVE PEAK _ FORWARD CURRENT:Conduction angle = 180°.. diffused-junctionThey differ only 0260'8 026010 ITA7892I ITA7893J Types in ratings. N are intended high-frequency and other high·frequency for use in rectifiers. 60 Hz (8. 50-to-800-V Fast-Recovery Silicon Rectifiers I / I General-Purpose J~ Types for Medium-Current Applications Features: IIIc. (3.2 J.031 mm) from the case). .oornLJD Solid State Division 02601A 02601B 02601F 02601M 026010 02601N 1-A....lSmax. . M.oov 50 V • Low forward-voltage = 2 A max.5 J. . 02601M 02601N 800 1000 V V • • A A • • A • • • °c °c • °c A . 02601A 026018 026010 '00 200 200 400 600 300 500 700 ...ls max.5 35 See Fig... D2601A. .. IF(RMS) TJ TL ... high-speed wheeling" ITA78941 ITA78951 B.. .ls max.. 13) 0..17 mm) from case for 10 s max. "free- applications.

..8 jlS.. 13... .. ..... . ..... 3) . 8.. For circuit shown in Fig......--. .-- to " -t. .-I 0-".. . 4 .. at IFM = 20 A.. Thermal Resistance (Junction·to-Case)... -di F/dt = -20 A/jls. MAX..•.......Average forward power dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typical forward voltage drop.-..... 9 vF - 1. ..... TJ = - 15 250 See Fig... lead temperature........... I ~ "0: ~e "'~O....../ 5 > 0> - ~I z « 0Z « .... t-- 0 0 20 40 60 ALLOWABLE 80 LEAD laD 120 TEMPERATURE(T 140 L} - 160 -- 180 °c 92CS-17518RI Fig. . IF = 0.0 o 0: .....5 jlA IRM 100°C ...~j. TJ = 25°C (See Fig...« z o : ffi (TJ ) "150°C .. .. 14.••....5 - TYPICAL --r .•.. .... . .40 'z 2 z"' 00: ~ za:: 30 -::> ll...... .. 0: ~~ . --- -... IRM = 2 max.+.. 1 .. MAXIMU~ ~-~. FOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED (TJ 1=25°C 0 0: 0 "''" ~ CURRENT 2 /' ..3ms O::t. 2.5 jls - 0....... .. .. ~~ '"'" TEMPERATUHE °C/W 39 60 ~I 2.2 ReJC Dynamic ... at IF = 1 A. rated value..92C5-1752' Fig. TC = 25°C ... .•... .LIMITS SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC UNITS ALL TYPES MIN... . Reverse Recovery Time: For circuit shown in Fig.... . .5 JUNCTION TEMPERATURE dissipation vs. TJ = 25°C .. ..5 "-~ ::> '" :il WAVEFORM o~IFM 0.. Instantaneous Forward Voltage Drop: At iF = 4 A.. ... ... . . TC = 25°C ... Reverse Current: Static For VRRM = max. . .. JUNCTION ... .. 1...- !::'"iso i.I\..Average forward-power .... .. ......... .5 ~ ~ 20 10 ""- .. ....J\..5 ". .?. plus duration = 2....9 V trr - 0.. . ...

Peak reverse-recovery current vs.- CURRENT WAVEFORM Z o IFM I- 1i'.5 1. 0' I /" 0.1 RATE I OF DESCENT I 10 100 OF FORWARD CURRENT {-dlF/dtl-A/. . ~ 3. I FOR UNIT WITH MAXIMUM FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED -. '"'"o .40 ~ ! ffi 0. 10 . 5 .::' .:. or w .• <i! ~ ~ o· " 6or tt~~ O' O' § 1? O~ 0" fA o~ ~ I ~ ~ O~ w ~ 1. 1'00 I- u w or ~ z or or W 4.30 Fig.Average forward power dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typical forward voltage drop. 7 . rate of descent of forward current..5 A (RMS) LIMIT 0 o Fig.5 10 => U I- z ~ 4..'" . I Fig. .5 >0< ~I r- - >~ o u u w w or or "or w @' JUNCTION TEMPERATURE ~ n.0.55 I CURRENT I WAVEFORM nn- REFERENCE POINT FOR MEASUREMENT OF LEAD TEMPERATURE: 1/8" FROM CASE PULSE REPETITION RATE = 60 PULSES Is 1FM t~ O~t~~ > or w §0.~~ ffi~1 ~ " ~ I ~O. 6 .s 2.0 l:l or ~ or PEAK FORWARD CURRE N T {! FM 1 = 10 A RECTANGULAR-PULSE DURATION (lpl=30f/. 10..Average forward power dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voltage drop.us 92CS-17527 Fig.0 or G B 3.35 I ~ tr 0.Average forward power dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voltage drop.

.- 1 ~<:-"'~ c.us - A/fLS 92C5-17529 92CS-17528 RCA IN3194 OR RCA 012018 I t RECTIFIER UNDER TEST AMPLITUDE 0-130 v AC SOINI) ] R"... ~/ ~O. ReA D26Q1N 50-n OUTPUT TO OSCILLOSCOPE I WITH RISE TIME ~ 0..1 A iiO .SBU CABLE AT INPUT WITH "* •.'~ u "' "'<r _<r .. ° ~ I <r~ O· :.'~ :I.1 100 I 10 100 RATE OF DESCENT OF FORWARD CURRENT(-di.LS TEMPERATURE I I ~ ~ PULSE RECTANGULAR JUNCTION •...us :: 150°C - IA V 0. ..I ~+ q~ °C II~\'\.F/df) RATE OF DESCENT Of FORWARD CURRENT (-dlF/dt}-A/.~~ v '" " ~Q~ <r ffi~' ~ ~ ~ V :..5) O.01 /-.100 ·RECTANGULAR-PULSE JUNCTION DURATION TEMPERATURE (TJl Upl:: a 10 ~'\~~ >= °u ~ <. "' 10 30.~" ~Q/..01 0.£.I(Nll ] TRIGGER SIGNAL TO OSCILLOSCOPE NOTES: ALL RESISTANCE RM : MONITORING ** UNITS VALUES ARE IN OHMS. RG . RESISTOR INTERCONNECTED WITH 50-0 TERMINATING RESISTOR TERMINALS OF OSCILLOSCOPE.1 OJ I 10 0. '/ ~ 0. I "..~'" ~ '""' " (.l '3 § ~ > ·l' >.•• (T J )=150 "'lE ~~I ~I DURATION (tp)::: 30 J.

l. - MAX .69 5.IOW NON-INDUCTIVE OR TEN 10 n. and mlllor :lone to allow Irregularitlft lor olher 01 1. VOLTAGE UNITS INTERCONNECTED WITH RG-58U CABLE 50-n TERMINATING RESISTOR AT INPUT TERMINALS OF OSCILLOSCOPE RI SELECTED TO GIVE MAXIMUM lRM NO GREATER THAN 2 A (APPROXIMATELY R2 DIMENSIONAL JEDEC 00-26 OUTLINE POLARITY SYMBOL INSULATION LEAD No I LEAD No 2 ~'\ I ~ ') I .021 0.60 10.03 L. shall not be subject cyhndet of diameler be meluded within to the mm.080 - 2. 0. Lead diameter flash.mum •••0 Ihls hmll oD. .:. MAX. bul shall Wllhln If any. 1 2 NOTES: 1.99 6. I W.JJ .01 ~S) 30 V DC (CONSTANT SUPPLY) CONSTANT VOLTAGE SUPPLY (ADJUST FOR I A DC THROUGH RECTIFIER UNDER TEST-APPROX.Jc.039 0. 2. optIonal Slugs.410 0. MIN.D G L MILLIMETERS NOTES MIN.14 35. not controlled build m Ih" up.~.220 0.260 0. than lead·"nosh slugs.:J INCHES SYMBOL 0. Package and <:ontour lenglh cyhnder G.~.59 8.50-n OUTPUT TO OSClllOSCOPE"(WITH RISE TIME:s 0.4 nl I n.56 0.344 1.41 - 0.400 0. 1"10 CARBON COMPOSITION CONNECTED IN PARALLEL RESISTORS WITH 30 V 1 .

50-to-800-V Fast-Recovery Silicon Rectifiers General-Purpose Types for Medium-Current Applications Features: ANODE JEDEC 00-15 ReA 02201 • Fast turn-off: • Low overshoot current • Low forward voltage drop Series devices are diffused-junction 0. PEAK (REPETITIVE). "free-wheeling" circuits. 3 RANGE TEMPERATURE -40 150 °c °c 255 °c to + 165 (During Soldering): Measured 1/8 in.17 mml from case for 10 s max. feature fast recovery times {O.14-A peak silicon turn-off which could result in the generation of transients. rectifiers in an axial-lead package. from 3. only in their voltage ratings.OOCDSLJD Solid State Division 1-A. PEAK FORWARD CURRENT:* RMS AVERAGE: PEAK SURGE (NON-REPETITIVE): At junction temperature IT Jl = 150°C For one-half cycle of applied voltage.14 A peak) without the "snap" type of diode REVERSE VOLTAGE: REPETITIVE PEAK NON-REPETITIVE . JlS max.5 JlS max. . (3. from 3.3 ms) For other durations. and other high-frequency applications.S choppers. (JUNCTION) LEAD TEMPERATURE A 6 STORAGE·TEMPERATURE OPERATING A 50 See Fig. which differ The 02201 series are intended for use in high-speed inverters. high-frequency rectifiers. 60 Hz (8. These devices.

0 mA TC = 25°C (DC values) Thermal Resistance (Junction-to-Lead)* ROJL See Fig.5 /1S - 1. I R = 1.01 /-LS) J ** TRIGGER SIGNAL TO OSCILLOSCOPE NOTES ALL RESiSTANCE *- ADJUST ** UNITS VALUES FOR CURRENT ARE IN OHMS WAVEFORM INTERCONNECTED WITH 50-n TERMINATING RESISTOR TERMINALS OF OSCILLOSCOPE. Reverse Current: Static: For VRRM = max.14 A.4 /1S.CHARACTERISTIC SYMBOL All Types UNITS Min. 10 A//1s. 4.9 V - 0. 14 j 1/2A 25 V ISOLATION TRANSFORMER 117E==J11'~cV 117 V AC RM 50lNII J O. IF = O. IRM TJ = 25°C - 15 /1A TJ = 100°C - 250 /1A - 1. -diF/dt pulse duration vF Time: shown In Tektronix Drop: TJ = 25°C = = g. in Fig.ltNI) 50-0 OUTPUT TO OSCILLOSCOPE (WITH RISE TIME ~ 0. Reverse Recovery For circuit Voltage See Fig. 1 : At IFM = 3. Max. SHOWN RG -58U CABLE AT INPUT AT LEFT WITH . rated value. TC = 25°C trr type "S" plug-in unit: At IF = 20 mA.5 /1S - 20 °C/W Instantaneous Forward At iF = 4 A.

REFERENCE POINT FOR MEASUREMENT OF LEAD TEMPERATURE .:I- ... 0: 0 I oJlJL ~ iii t: ~ 11 WAVEFORM tl~~ '" O· '" O· " ~ ..- I 1 I ---r- TYPICAL I - -- ~ ...: ~z CURRENT 0 ~ 15 2 . ~ w.CURRENT 40 60 ALLOWABLE JUNCTION 80 LEAD 100 120 140 TEMPERATURE{T Ll- TEMPERATURE (TJ)" 160 °C 25°C .: r-. 2.•. 60 ."> IFM .:'" 0: .- 0.. ....•.-CYCLES rJfrlF~0~R~U~N~'.T~W~IT~H~T~YP~'C~A~L~F~0~R~W~A~RD1~!ill~~il 0 > 0> S z DURATION 0... '" ~ "-::> '" 2 180 : 0 0: 0 w 10 MAXIMU~ ..5-A{RMSILlMIT . 40 'z zw .f\....~ 1.. •....• ~ we> ~~ 20 "''0 ><0: ~~ ~ '00 'r--8 o 20 .5 IZ 8100 ..• 92C5- VOLTAGE 2 o 0: ~I 3: -1...../ ~ ~ 21658 DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED l L CURRENT WAVEFORM z o ~ '"'" 0: "0> ....- I I '0 I FOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL FORWARD VOL TAGE DROP SW' TCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED ~ ...:::' ~ ~ ~ '-' 4! 0 0: .5 - _I ..5 SURGE ..... (TJ I :150°C Y-rJ >1 I-i~ HEAT ~ I--i~ ~INK 83 ms !:"i 50 1-". 00: ~~ 30 .~..•../ ... JUNCTION TEMPERATURE J\..•...

•• ffil >"'"U o U I-- - W JUNCTION TEMPERATURE 17JI<150'C ~ ~ ~ '" :i w'" W '" ffi~1 ~ '"" ~ /~_50' ~~.. ~ I . >- '"§ 250 w 'g" -diF Idt:IO A/~s 10"'1.~ ~\>I ..'1' .1 0.~'I' .4 ~s - trr 150 tTLl-OC PEAK FORWARD CURRENTIIFM):IOA RECTANGULAR-PULSE DURATION (tp):3OfLs >- ~ ~ 10 >. '" :i w'" U " "'~ ::0 t.01 0.I I. II. PULSE REPETITION RATE:60 PULSES/s '" 325 I Onn-1FM CURRENT WAVEFORM ~300 -tt~~ w ~ 275 "'.~" +.' 10 >-"" ffil >~ o u "" G <. I I I I/' 0..1 '" ~~'" w ~ 0. > ~ -'~~~ :L "../ ffi~1 ~ '"" ~ RECTANGULAR-PULSE - IA I-- -I 1 0..\>+q~.~~ f7.~ .1 I RATE OF DESCENT 10 OF FORWARD CURRENT 100 OJ (-dlF/dtl-A/fLs 92CS-17528 I RATE Of DESCENT Of 10 FORWARD CURRENT(-dLf/dt) 100 - A/JLs 92CS-17529 .1 I RATE 10 OF DESCENT 100 OF FORWARD CURRENT {-diF/dti-A/JLs 92CS-17527 100 RECTANGULAR-PULSE JUNCTION DURATION TEMPERATURE tTJ) I< (tpl I< 10 30 JLs 150·C JUNCTION I >- ~ ~ ~ ./ "'~ ~O.~ "..~ ~ (I.1 0../ 30 fLS (T J )-150·C I g 0 DURATION (t pl- TEMPERATURE I ~§ O· ~O'l' f<.~~.350 FOR UNIT WITH MAXIMUM FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED REFERENCE POINT FOR MEA SUREMENT OF LEAD TEMPERATURE: lIS" FROM CASE. rRM 225 tR~C) tj' > ~ 200 o I*-- 175 50 75 100 125 LEAD TEMPERATURE 100 rRM (RECl9.~~ f<./ w w"..

MAX.378 3.112 7.034 0.n thIs lone to other than slugs.030 MAX.050 - 1.ameter Slugs.DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE JEDEC 00-15 INCHES MilLIMETERS SYMBOL NOTES MIN. OB 0.27 2 1.863 1 00 0.000 - 25. <PO and length G.762 0.137 3. MIN. If any. Package contour optIonal wIthin cylmder of d.133 0. shall be Included WIthin this cylinder the minimum limIt of ¢ O· 2. Lead diameter not controlled build-up.239 1 L 1. and minor Irregularttles .40 - - L1 - 0.4 79 G 0. 0.280 0. lead·flnlsh . but shall not be subject to allow for flash.285 7.

50-to-600-V. in reverse-polarity D2406B-R. STORAGE-TEMPERATURE RANGE OPERATING IJUNCTION) TEMPERATURE STUD TORQUE: Recommended 9 6 10 Peak-surge (non-repetitive): Maximum 100 NOT EXCEED) .Is max. VRRM VRSM Non-repetitive peak FORWARD CURRENT (Conduction angle half sine wave): RMS ITC) = that reduce are intended and other 02406F (438791* 02406F·R (43879R)* 02406A (43880)* 02406A-R (43880R)* 50 100 200 Fig. high-frequency 02406B (43881)* 02406B-R (43881 R)* Fig. see test circuit the generation rectifiers.) - 0.6-A. (lFRM = = 0..1s max. REVERSE VOLTAGE: Repetitive peak 19 A peak. D2406M-R • Fast reverse-recovery time (t. I RM voltage These Low-thermal-resistance package A A IFSM Hz (8. 1000C)- IFIRMS) Average (T C = 100°C IAt junction temperature IT Jl = 150°C: For one-half cycle of applied voltage.2 I.3 ms) 125 .3 IFRM -40 25 to 165 150 15 25 A DC DC in-Ib in-Ib . devices circuits. D2406C-R. characteristics transients.. see test circuit 1 A. D2406F-R. 60 For other durations Peak (repetitive) . I Cathode Anode Features: • • Available versions: • Low reverse-recovery current D2406A-R. = covery choppers. 02406C 024060 02406M (43PS21* 14388:l)* (43884)* 02406C-R 024060-R 02406M-R (43882RI* 143883R)* (43884R)* 200 300 300 400 500 400 600 800 V V = 180°. A See Fig. • Low forward-voltage drop D2406D-R.351. "free·wheeling" diode applications. Fast-Recovery Silicon Rectifiers Cathode *-~~A .1) 2 A max. ratings.2) of R F I and for use in high-speed high-frequency 100 hermetic inverters. (I F ReA D2406 series and D2406-R series are junction silicon rectifiers in a stud-type hermetic These devices differ only in their voltage diffusedpackage.

T C = 25°C trr For circuit shown in Fig.LIMITS UNITS ALL TYPES SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC MIN.. T J = 25°C vF Reverse Recovery Time: For circuit shown in Fig. IF TC = 2SoC TC = lOOoC IRM Drop: At iF 6 A. Instantaneous rated Forward value. Voltage = 0.25 IlS. Thermal Resistance (Junction-ta-Case) ROJC o fT 1'25 v 1 ~H1t [l RCA IN3194 OR RCA 012018 t AMPLlTur)[ 0-130 AC 5 °C/W v RECTIFIER UNDER TEST 0471'-F J *If* ADJUST UNITS FOR CURRENT TRIGGER SIGNAL TO OSCIllOSCOPE WAVEFORM INTERCONNECTEO WITH soon TERMINATING RESISTOR TERMINALS OF OSCILLOSCOPE ShOWN RG -5BU CABLE AT INPUT AT l l WITH f . at I FM = 19 A. TC = 25°C. 1. - 15 IlA - 3 mA - 1. -di F/dt pulsed duration = 25 Allls. IRM = 2 A max.35 IlS - 0. at IFM = 1 A. MAX. .4 V - 0. = 2. 2.2 - 3 Reverse Current: Sratic For VRRM "" max.

• z >z ~ " 1.. VOLTAGE • UNITS INTERCONNECTED WITH RG-58U CABLE 50-n TERMINATING RESISTOR AT INPUT TERMINALS OF OSCILLOSCOPE RI: (APPROXIMATELY JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (TJ) =r~)O°C J\J\. ::> r-.01 ..... surge-... ->z \ '" ~ a ""- 0 '"~ .. . •.•.r- 2 - .3ms . CARBON COMPOSITION CONNECTED IN PARALLEL 150 30 v) 2 3 FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP (vF)-V 4 9ZCS-ZZZ33 ....• 1000 I :.. 6 /' 4 TYPICAL/ 2 II 'I 2 I • 6 2 0.. WITH SELECTED TO GIVE MAXIMUM IRM NO GREATER THAN 2 A R2: I a.4 fi) JUNCTION TEMPERATURE 9ZCS-ZZZ3Z RESISTORS (TJ)=25°C 6 4 2 100. yt "'''' ~!::!100 "'>oz z". I W.• ~ I 125 >--::IE >-.3 ...IOW NON-INDUCTIVE OR TEN 10 n... II II r INSTANTANEOUS Fig.~50 "'" ~~ 25 8.Peak surge (non*repetitille) forward current 115. (? .. ......S) 30 V DC (CONSTANT SUPPLY) CONSTANT VOLTAGE SUPPLY (ADJUST fOR I A DC THROUGH RECTIFIER UNDER TEST-APPROX...I".50-n OUTPUT TO OSCILLOSCOPE* (WITH RISE TIME~ 0. 0'" z'" 75 -::> "'U ~~ .1 o MAXIMUM I 4 4 / '/ 10 I.eurrent duration.

. z Q I- ~ ~ 10 a: ~ 9-A (RMS) LIMIT 9-A CRMS) 11011 ~ 20 30 40 50 9~ 20 60 PEAK FORWARD CURRENT (IFM) - A Fig.. z o IZ 10 40 CURRENT Fig. ~ I- I.~ .09':J . a: CURRENT NEGLECTED .Average forward power dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typical forward voltage drop.? <D_ ~ c .!..... to - Maximum allowable case temperature as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voltage drop.6 ~ ~ 50 FOR UNIT WITH MAXIMUM FORWARD VOLTAGE SWITCHING > . ~1'30 ~t!! c~ g ~ 1130 ~... 7 .Average forward pO'Ner dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voliage drop..5 .L IFt~ J ~I 15 o DROP LOSSES 0 WAVEFORM r"1 ri J L.Maximum allowable case temperature as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typical forward voltage drop..~o· \ ••..!!o.ry 10 0':- 9-A (RMS) LIMIT 0" ::-.\l''t 20 - 60/1) '" ~ PEAK 60 (IFM) . FOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING lOSSES FORWARD CURRENT NEGLECTED 0 WAVEFORM rIL. 30 PEAK FORWARD 92C5-22234 FOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED 30 40 FORWARD 50 CURRENT 60 (IFM)-A Fig....!!o. §..Average forward power dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voltage drop. "'..J C '"::> xc'" '" '" '"xc '" ::> 92CS·22238 Fig.. FOR UNIT WITH MAXIMUM FORWARD CURRENT ~~~.6 .'" A II ~ ~".~~I~G o~IFM a: ::> ~ ~ D~SES NEGLECTED WAVEFORM ~It~-! ...8 .:\. '32CS·22239 Fig.'" I- I- "u "'u c..Jr-..J L 12 0" o' "?it' o:. . ~ FOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED CURRENT FOR UNIT WITH MAXIMUM FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED WAVEFORM O~IFM ~It~-! . \l"'~ ~~c"'\o~ ~C~O Q\)"'\ •••.. IFM . " Q\)-0 30 40 50 FORWARD CURRENT (IFM) 60 - 20 A 92CS-22236 PEAK Fig.A versge forward power dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typical forward voltage drop..9 .

422 0453 10. 0."' t:::=== b INSULATING 0.1 (Lug) .Cathode NO.Anode No. 6.600 0. equipment.M 0. G F. Incorporatmg recommended that RCA Solid from RCA Solid State ReA Solid the deSigner DeVices".0.130 -'.12 .Y""l.1 (Lug) .91 4.g.020 MAX..50 1.no 16.82 41' 1D-32UNF-2A NOTES 10.0 . REF: $(:rew Thread Standards lor Federal SerYlces. Europe. check the availability of all items or supplier.51 0.I " - - 0.n sales representative 0.24 20.424 6.98 10·32 0002 2 1.32 J 0.35 0.050 0. 11 .175 1.405 .1 Reverse Polarity (D2406-R Series) No.189 N 0. and Africa.2 (Stud) .MaxImum allowable case temperature as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typ.~ ~nc I- "'0 ~·I w-.99mm) THICKNESS-0.~:llS>1EO INSULATOR HEAT INCHES SINK SYMBOL MIN A - {CHASSIS} 6 DF3D TEFLON" 0.12 F.. hardware policies may shown with your ReA ~:~~~CK ~ WASHER} ::.cal forward voltage drop.250 - 2 ~ MIN.75 11. OFOC ~ MICA ~ :::~:~::.J. 0. Middle East.265 0.078 - oT 0060 0095 1.n . 4. .275 BUSHING .76 E 0.Handbook H 28 Part 1 RKommended torque: 15 onch·pounds.28 2.1 is optional.Maximum allowable case temperature as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voltage drop. 'I'.80 11. Forward When - NOTES' OEv. State refer No.423 0. OW @ MILLIMETERS MAX. 3: (>Wis pitch diameter of coatl:!dIhreads.-.-.~~~ NR59B INSULATOR CONNECTOR ~o '-'V.-.. 4-.438 10. 08876.163 0.72 N. mountingdiffer."".74 10. - 0.? ~'"j « '" '"x« '" => 92CS-22240 92C5- Fig.075 0.53 .055 MAX. Polarity (D2406 Series) CE-402.NUT In the United Kingdom.40mmIMAX .44 15. 22241 .0.BlEATPU8L'S"EO >1"'ROWAREPR'CES ~ f"O\--.-.'lAIU A' I'UIllS ••EO - "'YA'lABlE.505 - 0.800 ..2 (Stud) .Cathode No. It Considerations available Somerville. State Form DIVISion. on IS for request N.TI'UIl'S>1EO HARDWAREPfI'CU 0 H"RD'IO"ARE PfI'CU NA38C HEX.006 .41 3 UNF'2A I 0.eul on one Or both "des 01 huaganal base " optional 2: Angular orientation and contour of Terminal NO.152 1: Chamfer or unde.Anode DeVices In to "Operating Box 3200.65 12.:l'tO 0.065 0. (I.

(I F = 1 A. accordance temperature wIth JEDEC A A 0 For one cycle of applied voltage.. 663 (02406 Series) 12·A File No. high·frequency rectifiers. 1N3880R.resistance hermetic package RCA 6. 665 (02520 Series) 40-A File No.A File No. I RM = 2 A max.[ID(]5LJ[J Solid State 1N3879-1N3883 1N3879R-1N3883R Division 6-A. "free·wheel ing" circuits. (Conduction 100 200 100 300 400 500 400 V V V angle"" 180 . and other high-frequency applications 50 75 peak *DC{Blockingl FORWARD CURRENT All types feature fast reverse·recovery time of 200 ns max. Fast-Recovery Silicon Rectifiers General-Purpose Types for High-Current Applications Features: • Available in reverse·polarity versions: 1N3879R. see test circuit Fig. 60 Hz For ten cycles of applied voltage.1N3883R are silicon rectifiers in a stud-type hermetic package. 1N3881 R. A A A °c °c in-Ib in-Ib . = 100oC)& o (TC . 50-to-400-V. REVERSE VOLTAGE: *Repetitive peak Non-repetitIve half choppers. 664 (02412 Series) H·1167 20·A File No. 50 "0'. 60 Hz *In 300 400 sine wave): * ·Case 200 300 200 diode regIstration IS measured at center data.Low reverse-recovery current • Low forward·voltage drop • Low-thermal. 2) Reverse-polarity 11N3879R·l N3883R) For data on other RCA fast recovery rectifiers. of any flat surface on the hexagonal head of the mounting stud. 1N3883R • Fast reverse-recovery time (trr) Forward-polarity 11N3879·1N3883) 200 ns max. refer to the following data bulletins: JEDEC DO-4 1 . These devices are intended for use in high-speed inverters.100 Cl4 RMS (TC Average • Peak-surge At 9 6 (non-repetitive): Junction Peak (T Jl temperature =< 150 C75 35 25 -65 to 175 (repetitive) 'STORAGE-TEMPERATURE RANGE 'OPERATING IJUNCTION) TEMPERATURE STUD TORQUE: -65 to 150 *Recommended 15 25 Maximum (DO NOT EXCEED) . These devices differ only in their voltage ratings. 1N3882R. 580 (02540 Series) RCA types 1N3879 diffused·junction 1N3883 and 1N3879R .

...... '0 UNITS INTERCONNECTED WITH RG-58U CABLE 50-a TERMINATING RESISTOR AT INPUT TERMINALS OF OSCillOSCOPE (pulsed de) for measurement of reverse-recovery time.... IF = 0.5 1. ....... IRM = 2 A max.. TC=100°C Instantaneous Forward Voltage .... ......... 2.. IR(AV) ..... .. VF(PK) Drop: .. MAX.. TC= Thermal Resistance V (Junction-to-Case) 25°C ..... . I W 1"1.... .Test circuit VI MA)(IMUM THAN 2 A 14 I D lOW NON-INDUCTIVE OR TEN 10 n. at IFM = 1 A........ .....4 V trr - 200 ReJC - 2...... At iF = 6 A.....5 Reverse Current: Static For VRRM = max.... TJ = 100°C At iF = 6 A. 2 ....LIMITS SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC All UNITS TYPES MIN.... ..... rated value...0IjOSl CONSTANT VOLTAGE SUPPLY I ADJUST FOR I A DC THROUGH RECTIFIER UNDER TEST -APPROX •••• I~RI SELECTED rOGlvE lRM NO GREATER (APPROXIMATELY IF '" o R2 nl RESISTORS IN PARALLEL IRM- Fig.. ........ CARB0f'l COMPOSITION CONNECTED I... ... 50-a ns °C/W OUTPUT TO OSCillOSCOPE·" {WITH RISE TIME:50......... TC = 25°C TC=100°C ..... Reverse Recovery For circuit Time: shown in Fig. Dynamic For single phase full cycle avera911.... - 15 /lA - 1 mA - 3 mA vF - 1......... VRRM = rated value.... WITH . IRM - ....... . 10 = 6 A. . TJ = 25°C ....

rt l. 0.405 0.98 2.-r 0. J MILLIMETERS MIN. Handbook H 28 P.41 .002 - 0.' OEV'CE NUT In the United Kingdom.35 0. 1 (Lug) No.82 6.078 10.600 0.424 0.250 0. NOTE: 1: oW is pitch diameter of coated th.Cathode (Lug) (Stud) - Cathode Anode .050 - 0.1N3883R) No.1 N3883) Reverse Polarity (l N3879RI .28 6.53 .505 0.163 0.!Jl 15.095 '.T 0.800 SUI'I'LIE. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.065 0.75 1..66 12.80 11.006 - 0.12 '.74 10.2 No.w UNF·2A MAX.24 OM 0.51 '.265 E 0.15 - NOTES 10.453 0. SYMBOL OUTLINE INCHES MIN.422 - 0.423 " 0. Forward Polarity (lN3879 .020 ~ ~ NR109. and Africa.32 '. REF: Screw Threed Standards for Federal SeniC8$. Middle East..DIMENSIONAL JEDEC 00·4 . " 10-32 . Recommended torque: 15 inch-pounds. } WASHER - 00 00.44 20. mountinghardware policies may differ.189 N 0..!s.175 0.152 '''3'["'.1 No.'' .060 .12 N.438 0.2 - Anode (Stud) . 0. - b 0.075 0. STAALOCK ~ NA38C ~ HEX.50 '. MAX. Europe. 10. - 4.76 11.

024120-R.1) 2 A max. I RM covery hermetic ratings.AI 02412 Series 02412-R Series 12-A. 60 Hz 18. !J2412M-R time (trr) - max. • • low forward-voltage low-thermal-resistance 02412B-R.2) the generation use rectifiers. * Number • Case temperature in parentheses is a former is measured ReA type to 165 150 15 in-Ib 25 in·lb number . REVERSE VOLTAGE: Repetitive peak VRRM VRSM = that reduce intended high-frequency and Fig.3 50 -40 Recommended Maximum (DO NOT EXCEED) . IFRM STORAGE~EMPERATURERANGE OPERATING (JUNCTION) TEMPERATURE STUD TORQUE: See Fig. Fast reverse-recovery 0. These circuits.35 0. 02412F-R.. 50-to-600-V. see test circuit characteristics choppers. see test circuit series are diffused·junction silicon rectifiers in a stud·type devices differ only in their voltage drop hermetic other for Fig.3 msl For other durations Peak (repetitive) . voltage transients.OOCTI5LJD Solid State Division fO~. (lFRM max. (I F = = 1 A. high-frequency of R F I and in high-speed inverters. at center of any flat surface on the hexagonal head of the mounting A °c °c stud.2 RCA 02412 series and D2412-R IlS IlS 02412C-R. half sine wave): RMS (TC· 100°C)· Average (T C • 1000C)Peak-surge (non-repetitive): IF(RMS) 18 10 12 A A 250 A IFSM At j'. These devices are package.mction temperature (T J) = 150°C: For one-half cycle of applied voltage. "free-wheeling" 02412F 02412A 02412B (43889'* (43890)* (43891)* 02412F-R 02412A·R 02412B-R (43889R)* (43890R)* (43891R'* 02412C (43892'* 02412C-R (43892R)* 024120 (43893)* 024120-R (43893R)* 02412M (43894)* 02412M-R (43894R)* 100 300 400 400 600 800 50 100 200 200 300 diode applications. . Non-repetitive peak FORWARD CURRENT package 38 A peak. Fast-Recovery Silicon Rectifiers * Cathode Anode • • Available in reverse-polarity versions: - Low reverse-recovery current 02412A-R. 600 V V (Conduction angle = 1800.

-T C :: 25°C Irr For circuit shown in Fig. RESISTOR FOR CURRENT WAVEFORM SHOWN UNITS INTERCONNECTED WITH RG -58U CABLE 50-a TERMINATING RESISTOR AT INPUT TERMINALS OF OSCILLOSCOPE.33 ~F AC 5O(NI) ] R". TC:250C. pulse duration = 4. 2.5 °C/W [l! 1t 2.25 ftH IN3194 ReA OR 0'20' B AMPLITUDE 0-130 V RECTIFIER UNDER TEST 1. Resistance (Junction-to-Case) ReJC - 0. AT lEFT WITH ** .I(NII J TRIGGER SIGNAL TO OSCILLOSCOPE NOTES: ALL RESISTANCE RM : MONITORING *** ADJUST VALUES ARE IN OHMS. Recovery vF Time: For circuit shown in Fig. rated value.LIMITS ALL TYPES SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC UNITS MAX. TJ:250C. at I FM : 38 A.ls.01 fJ-S) O. Reverse Current: Static For VRRM "" max. MIN. -di F/dl : 25 A/~s. 1.IRM:2 Amax .35 ~s Forward Voltage Drop: 12 A. TC = 2SoC TC: Instantaneous AliF: Reverse IRM 100°C - 100 ~A 4 mA - 1.4 V - 0.. IF = 0. 50·0 OUTPUT TO OSCILLOSCOPE (WITH RISE TIME ~ 0. at IFM: Thermal 1 A.2 - 1.5 J.

.IA 50-n OUTPUT TO OSCILLOSCOPE'" (WITH RiSE TIME:::: 0..I% CARBON COMPOSITION CONNECTED IN PARALLEL 300 30 IV 1/ Z 8 o I INSTANTANEOUS 2 FORWARD .<r "'0 a."- I--..3 VOLTAGE DROP 4 (vFI- v 92CS-22261 .. JUNCTION 4 6 TEMPERATURE >' ~ 1008 6 .•. -- ..IQW NON-INDUCTIVE OR TEN 10 n.•..01 .S) SLOW BLOW 30 V DC (CONSTANT SUPPLY 1 CONSTANT VOLTAGE SUPPLY (ADJUST FOR I A DC THROUGH RECTIFIER UNDER TEST-APPRQX VOLTAGE * UNITS INTERCONNECTED WITH RG-5BU CABLE 50-fi TERMINATING RESISTOR AT INPUT TERMINALS OF OSCILLOSCOPE RI... ~ Ii!~ =><r ~.•.>- ZZ 0'" ~~ /50 \ 14 Ol i:' ~ .. 100 . (APPROXIMATELY JUNCTION TEMPERATURElTJ).3ms ".f'L '"" ~l >='" ~S200 i:!. 25°C 4 ~ 8.:: 4 \ ! lOa ~ 6 '" 4 => r-+- WITH ~ z >"~ ~ RESISTORS (TJ)...=> cxIOOO: I YT 250 v) SELECTED TO GIVE MAXIMUM lRM NO GREATER THAN 2 A R2: I n.I---- 50 0 .1500C J\. I W.

.n-1FM CURRENT 'I FM ~I..Maximum allowable case temperature as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voltage drop...rr..!.> ~ 125 ~ 120 0 ~ .~~ 92CS-22271 92CS-22270 Fig.Average forward pOlNer dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typical forward voltage drop..6 ... I F M ~ 'II... ~ 150 ~ I ~ 145 ~150 ~ 140 ~ !oil ~ :> ~ 135 '"'" i:' '"~ ~ 130 060 « ~ a ~J~~~~i Fg:O~ARD SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED CURRENT ~ ~ o W 30 PEAK FORWARD 110 :> i ~t2-1 10 120 ~ . 10 ..Average forward polNer dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voltage drop.~-! 92CS -22269 Fig. . FOR UNIT WITH 40 CURRENT ~ i ro (I FM) - 100 A 92CS-22272 Fig..I 115 130 '"'" <. I FOR UNIT WITH MAXIMUM FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED FM ~I..? .9 .8 .J\.CURRENT FOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED WAVEFORM o f\..J\.....5 .J\....Maximum allowable case temperature as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typical forward voltage drop.n-1FM CURRENT '2 WAVEFORM ~.Average forward power dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typical forward voltage drop. 92CS-22273 Fig...I WAVEFORM FOR UNIT WITH MAXIMUM FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED I- 0.rr. WAVEFORM f\.Average forward polNer dissipation as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voltage drop..~-! CURRENT 92CS -22268 Fig.. FOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED WAVEFORM o f\.. 0. Fig.

600 0.095 '.'5 !<140 ~ :> ~ . 130 ~ 120 "'~ <Xl ~ o . 11.1 IS optional.265 0.2 (Stud) .75 F. ~::. DIMENSIONAL JEDEC 00-4 OUTLINE DF6C ~ MICAINSULATOA ~ :::~:~::.. Europe.050 " - 0. 12 .. 2: 3: Angular or.~~~E~~~:.32 oM N 0163 0. 110 ~ 10 j .~~~n~~:.065 0.lTread Recommended torque: 15 Inch·pounds. m~~:~~G THICKNESS-O. INSULATOR CONNECTOR~ AVAILA8LEAT PU8LISHEO -AVAlLAeLEATI'U8L1SHEO HAADwAREPRICES 0 H"ROW"REOOA'CES 0. 0.~ NmG.Maximum allowable case temperature as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with maximum forward voltage drop_ Fig. MILLIMETERS .2A 2 - 0.74 10.40mmIMAx AYAILAOL{ATPU8LISHEO HAROWAREPHICES ~ INCHES NR59B ~i~ ~ SYMBOL MIN.~:~O~'~=:lo~:~ ~..98 2.422 0.424 6. 0.020 0. - A 2 635 1.~~:L1SHEO C0: HEATSINK (CHASSISJ 6 <:===== OF30 ~~~.800 15.075 0.41 3 oW '0 32 INF. and Africa.453 10.1 (Lug) ." OEYICE N. Middle East.NUT WASHER} 5UI'!'LIE.82 00.OSSin (1.. mountinghardware policies may differ.""".002 - 0.438 10.175 1.15 0.12 '80 1150 1.405 0060 oT In the United Kingdom.Anode . 0. t-".006 - 0.51 - 0505 - 12.24 2.Anode No..250 - 0.152 1: Chamfer or unden.91 4.en~t1on and contour 01 Terminal No.76 E 0.:ut on one or both NOTES 1028 sIdes of hellagonal base IS ophonal.1. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier. MAX MAX.423 0. Forward Polarity ID2412 Series) No.L~~.1 (Lug) .x :> :> Fig..1IN.Cathode No.2 (Stud) ..53 b vo ® ~:~~~CK ~ NA38C ~ HEX.72 - 0.189 4.65 . 11 . (D2412-R Seriesl No.Maximum allowable case temperature as a function of peak current and duty factor for units with typical forward voltage drop.078 - 0.Cathode Reverse Polarity.44 J 0.2A '0·32 iNF.

. see test circuit Fig. and other high-frequency applications Values: REVERSE VOLTAGE: ·Repetitive peak Non-repetitive peak ·OC All types feature fast reverse-recovery time of 200 ns max.. *In accordance with JEDEC registration data. Fast-Recovery Silicon Rectifiers General-Purpose Types for High-CoJrrent Applications Features: • Available in reverse-polarity versions: 1N3889R. . 663 (02406 Series) 12-A File No. 1N3893R • Low re. 665 (02520 Series) 40-A File No.OO(]3LJI] Solid State Division 1N3889-1N3893 1N3889R-1N3893R 12-A" 50-to-400-V. . "free-wheel ing" diode circuits. high-frequency rectifiers. 60 Hz For ten cycles of applied voltage. 580 (02540 Series) ReA types 1N3889 - 1N3893 and 1N3889R . refer to the following data bulletins: hermetic RCA 6-A File No.. =' 100 200 300 200 200 100 Average (TC • Peak-surge (non-repetitive): At junction temperature = 18 100°C)· 12 IT J} = 150 70 50 RANGE TEMPERATURE • Recommended MaXimum (DO NOT EXCEED) . -65 -65 to 175 to 150 15 25 A A A °c °c in-Ib in-Ib . I RM = 2 A max. 664 (02412 Series) 20-A File No. FORWARD CURRENT half sine wave): RMS IT C . . 1N3890R. Absolure-Maximum (Blocking) .. These devices are intended for use in high-speed inverters 50 75 50 0. 60 Hz Peak (repetitive) 'STORAGE-TEMPERATURE 'OPERATING IJUNCTIONI STUD TORQUE: 300 180 . 1N3891R. 2) For data on other RCA fast recovery rectifiers. . These devices differ only in their voltage ratings. 1N3892R. (Conduction angle choppers. (I F = 1 A.~rse·recovery current • low forward-voltage drop • low-thermal-resistance • Fast reverse-recovery time (trr) package 200 ns max.1N3893R are diffused·junction silicon rectifiers in a stud·type hermetic package. MAXIMUM RATINGS. = 100oCI" • 300 400 measured at center of any flat surface on the hexagonal head of the mounting stud. ·Case temperature IS 400 500 400 V V V A A 150°C: For one cycle of applied voltage.

... . . .. . .. UNITS MAX.... VRRM A. TJ . . 2.... . TC Resistance (Junction-to-Case) = 25°C .... 25°C . !lO-n ns °C/W OUTPUT TO OSCillOSCOPE ••... - 25 IlA - 3 mA - 5 mA - 1.... .... .......... . at 1 A. IR(AV) Voltage Drop: = A... . vF V V Reverse Recovery Time: For circuit IFM Thermal = shown in Fig.. - VF(PK) . CONNECTEO CARBON IN OR TEN COMPOSITION RESISTORS PARALLEL 92c •••·ZZI1'JR' I. . MAXIMUM THAN 2 A 14 nl NON-INDUCTIVE I 'N.5 1. . . Reverse Current: Static For V R RM = max... T C TC = = .4 trr - 200 ReJC - 1..• tWITH RISE T1MESOQljoS) CONSTANT VOLTAGE SUPPLY (ADJUST fOR I A DC THROUGH RECTIFIER UNDER TEST -APPRQX 30 V) •• '~RI UNITS INTERCONNECTED WITH RG-58U CABLE 50-n TERMINATING RESISTOR AT INPUT TERMINALS OF OSCillOSCOPE SELECTED rOGlvE lRM NO GREATER (APPROlCIMATElY Ir• IF o R2 I n....''I'. = 100°C ... ............ 10 Instantaneous At iF At iF = 12 = 12 Forward = 12 A. rated value...... ....5 IRM .......... . TJ = 25°C rated value. . 100°C Dynamic For single phase full cycle average. ... .. IRM = 2 A max..... T C = 100°C .. .. .... IRM- OSCILLOSCOPE OISPLAY OF REVERSE-RECOVERY TIME WITH .... .......... IF = 0.IOW 10 n....... .. ..LIMITS SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC ALL TYPES MIN..

. In the United Kingdom. (1.35 1. .424 0.4.Cathode No.600 0.163 0. 2 2.V••'l"8U". NR'og.75 1. - 0. Recommended tOf"que: 15 inch-pound$.1 (Lug) .M 0.T 0.24 4.453 0. 20.Anode No. (CHASSISl ~~~.~~n~~:'~ ~:m~~s:~~G OFJD THICKNESS "O. mountinghardware policies may differ.32 4. NOTE: 1: oW's pitch diameter of COlitedthr••• s. H.DIMENSIONAL JEDEC 00-4 OUTLINE t--.095 11>32iNF. 0.152 . AE F: Screw Thr* St••.175 0.006 MILLIMETERS MIN.405 0.40mm) MAX ".060 N N.Cathode No. and Africa..189 0.82 10.020 .•.075 0..050 - 0..w MAX.15 10.8LE .50 1. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.L?~.72 - MAX.REPAIl. F. - .••.TPU8LISHEO MIN.VA'LA8LEATPU8LISHEO ~ ~ INSULATOR .28 6.41 '032 iNF-.es INCHES SYMBOL NR59B CONNECTOR ~ ~ - . 0.422 .065 0.1 N3893R) No.438 0..80 11.••.505 0."'""'" OFOC ~MICAINSUlATOR ~ :::~:~:.0 .~~:L1SHfO U HE. J .Anode .1 (Lug) . - 0. NOTES 10.74 10.12 4.TSINK 6 "=====~.078 0.•.. Forward Polarity (1 N3889 - 1 N3893) Reverse Polarity (1 N3889R .NUT WASHER 0.98 '.250 0. • - b HAROWAREPRlces 0 HAAOWAREPRICES ~~. MIddle East.800 0.002 0. STAALOCK ~ NA38C ~ HEX.91 15.265 0.ndbook H 28 Pac'tI.L 0.65 12. Europe..51 6.0.~ •• 1I ••.•d..76 11.423 E } SUPPLIED DEI/ICE.TPUBllSHEO H •••ROW .2 (Stud) .05Sm.53 2.rds for Federal Services.2 (Stud) .

60 Hz (8. "free-wheel ing" diode circuits. RMS ITC " 100 c)e IFIRMS) 30 Average IT C " 1000CIe 10 20 Peak-surge IFSM 0 (non-repetitive): At junction temperature (T Jl = 150°C: For one-half cycle of applied voltage. see test circuit RCA D2520 series and D2520·R silicon rectifiers in a stud-type series are diffused-junction hermetic package.po" Typ" to' High~Cun'ntAppli"tion. devices differ only in their voltage ratings.3 ms) For other durations Peak (repetitive) STORAGE·TEMPERATURE RANGE OPERATING IJUNCTION) TEMPERATURE STUD TORQUE. These covery characteristics voltage transients.n". I RM = Fig. D2520F D2520A (43899)* (43900'* D2520F·R D2520A·R (43899RI* (43900R'* REVERSE VOL TAGE.1) 2 A max. (I FRM 0. see test circuit 1 A. 50-to-600-V. Repetitive peak Non-repetitive VRRM VRSM peak FORWARD CURRENT half sine wave): and other (Conduction angle 50 100 100 200 that reduce high·frequency D2520B (349011* D2520B·R (43901 R)* applications..u~~~u ~enes D2520-R Series 20-A. (I RM = Low reverse-recovery current Low forward-voltage drop Low-thermal-resistance hermetic package 63 A peak. • • Fast reverse-recovery D2520F-R.'~Pu. high-frequency rectifiers. Recommended Maximum 100 NOT EXCEED) the generation Fig. D2520C (43902'* D2520C·R (43902R'* 200 300 100 400 of R F I and D2520D D2520M (43903'* (43904)* D2520D·R D2520M-R (43903RI* (43904R'* 400 600 600 800 V V = 180°. These devices are intended for use in high-speed inverters. choppers. D2520B-R.3 100 -40 to 165 A °c 150 °c 30 50 A in-lb in-Ib .35 /1S max. D2520M-R time (trr) - = 0. Fast-Recovery Silicon Rectifiers * G. D2520C-R.2/1s max. Features: • Available in reverse-polarity versions: D2520A-R. • D2520D-R.2) IFRM A A 300 See Fig.

. 1. - 0. vF Reverse Recovery Time: For circuit shown in Fig. SHOWN RG . at IFM = 63 A. T C = 25°C. RESISTOR FOR CURRENT °C/W WAVEFORM INTERCONNECTED WITH 50-0 TERMINATING RESISTOR TERMINALS OF OSCilLOSCOPE. IF = 0.58U CABLE AT INPUT AT LEFT WITH '* * .4 V - 0. 2.35 ~s - 0. MAX.05 ~A - 6 mA - 1.IINll J 50-a OUTPUT TO OSCILLOSCOPE (WITH RISE TIME :S 0. TC TC Instantaneous At iF == 25°C IRM = lOOoC Forward Voltage Drop: = 20 A. = 7. I RM = 2 A max.LIMITS ALL TYPES SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC UNITS MIN. T J = 25°C. TC = 25°C pulse duration t" For circuit shown in Fig.5 ~s.2 - 1 Reverse Current: Static For VRRM == max. Resistance (Junction-ta-Case) ROJC RCA IN3194 OR RCA 012018 t ~ RECTIFIER UNDER TEST AMPLITUDE 0-130 V AC 501NI} RM J O. -diF/dt = 25 A/~s.01 fLS) TRIGGER SIGNAL TO OSCILLOSCOPE NOTES: ALL RESISTANCE RM : MONITORING '* ** UNITS ADJUST VALUES ARE IN OHMS. rated value. at I FM Thermal = 1 A.

50-a OUTPUT
TO OSCILLOSCOPE**
(WITH RiSE
TIME:SO.OI ~S)
30 V DC
(CONSTANT
SUPPLY)

CONSTANT
VOLTAGE SUPPLY
(ADJUST
FOR I A DC
THROUGH RECTIFIER
UNDER TEST -APPROX.

VOLTAGE

UNITS INTERCONNECTED
WITH RG-58U
CABLE
50-a
TERMINATING
RESISTOR AT INPUT
TERM I NALS OF OSCILLOSCOPE
RI

SELECTED TO GIVE MAXIMUM
IRM
NO GREATER THAN Z A

R2

In,
10 W NON-I NDUCTIVE OR TEN
10 n, I W, 1% CARBON COMPOSITION
CONNECTED IN PARALLEL

(APPROXIMATELY

30 V)

WITH

1.4 n)

RESISTORS

IR
OSCILLOSCOPE

350

;;;

..

JUNCTION

DISPLAY

OF REVERSE-RECOVERY

TEMPERATURE

(TJ):

.J\..f\..

300

~1250

~~
1:; •.•

Cf;: 200
ZZ

ow

z'"

~~

150

"I

:u.

W

\

8.3ms

\

"- •......

1000 JUNCTION
6

I-

100

i:'i

6

4

100

wo
"'""-

10

Ii'

4

6

2

~
" •
":;;;;,:
I

IZ

50

6
4

2

0
2

4

6

2

/
'/

2

'""
'"=>

I

10--..•••••••• MAXIMUM
TyPiCAL ••••••

~ •

--

{TJ )=25·C

I

2

0

~~
~:t

TEMPERATURE

4

'"'"
13

"'u

..

150°C

TIME

4

6

0.1

o

I

III

I
INSTANTANEOUS

2
3
4
FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP {vF)-V
92C5-22181

FigA - Forward current
voltage drop.

vs. forward

~
I

!30
..

FOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL FORWARD
VOLTAGE DROP
SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED

URRENT

~z

Q

~

~I

WAVEFORM

-t'.~-l

~
~ 25

~
in

jjl

u> 20

i5 20
a:

30-A(RMS)
LIMIT

o~t:J

<;

a:

15

o~

~

40

60

PEAK FORWARD

80

100

CURRENT

120

(I FM) -

140

160

15

40

180

A

PEAK

60
FORWARD

FOR UNIT WITH MAXIMUM FORWARD
VOLTAGE
DROP
SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED
80
100
120
140
160
180
CURRENT

(IFM)

-

92CS-22182

Fig.6 - Average forward power dissipation
as a function of peak current and
duty factor for units with maximum
forward voltage drop_

f

FOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL FORWAR
VOLTAGE
DROP
SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED

i 60

cE

~~~T~~~

~ 60

a:

i
'" .

~ 3

~

z
°50

~
jjl

a

A
92CS-22183-

Fig.5 - Average forward power dissipation
as a function of peak current and
duty factor for units with typical
forward voltage drop.

~

WAVEFORM

O~IFM
~30

-t't~j

25

~

CURRENT

O~IFM

W~~~pMAXIMUM

SWITCHING

LOSSES

FORWARD

NEGLECTED

50

onnCURRENT

WAVEFORM

IFM

~.~~

in
40

o
a:

..
30-A IRMS)
LIMIT
20

40
PEAK

60

80

tOO

120

140

160

180

FORWARD CURRENT (IFM)-A
92C5-22184

92CS-221~5

Fig. 7 - Average forward PO'rNefdissipation
as a function of peak current and
duty factor for units with typical
forward voltage drop.
fOR UNIT WITH TYPICAL
FORWARD
VOLTAGE
DROP
SWITCHING
LOSSES NEGLECTED
DUn_

F"~C7i

Fig.8 - Average forward power dissipation
as a function of peak current and
duty factor for units with maximum
forward voltage drop.

lr(
~
~

FOR UNIT WITH MAXIMUM FORWARD
VOLTAGE
DROP
150 SWITCHING LOSSES NEGLECTED

i:!

0" (

"/12)"'0.0,5

«
~

140

~
;

130

;'l
w
Oil

120

~

125

gilD
CURRENT

oJ

WAVEFORM

«

'"
'"x«
'"
:>

120~

115

o

-1 " I- I
~t-1
w

~

PEAK

60
FORWARD

00
100
120
CURRENT (IFM) - A

100

9ZCS-22187

92CS- 22186

Fig.9 - Maximum allowable case temperature
as a function of peak current and
duty factor for units with typical
forward voltage drop.

Fig.

to -

Maximum allowable case temperature
as a function of peak current and duty
factor for units with maximum forward
voltage drop.

Orrn-1FM

!;'

CURRENT

~
....
'"'"
;3
'"-'m

'"'"
<.>
'"cr:

'"<r

--h

"
~
~
j

'2
0.05

I
-I

f--

<{

CURRENT

WAVEFORM

~,~~

<{

,.
<{

tlO

110

~

<{

:>
=>
:>
X
:>

orrn-1FM

!;'

WAVEFORM

~
'"
~
~
~
....

~

:>
=>
:>
X

100

<{

100

<{

90

90

o

20

40
PEAK

60

80

100

FORWARD CURRENT

120

140

160

180

0

(In.1)-A
92CS-22189

92CS-22188

Fig.1T - Maximum allowable case temperature
as a function of peak current and
duty factor for units with typical
forward voltage drop.

Fig. 12 - Maximum allowable case temperature
as a function of peak current and
duty factor for units with maximum
forward voltage drop.

DIMENSIONAL
JEDEC 00-5

SYMBOL

INCHES
MIN.
MAX.

MilLIMETERS
MIN.
MAX.

-

b

-

0.375

-

c

0.030

0.080

0.77

-

0.794

-

0.667

-

16.94

E

0.669

0.688

17.00

17.47

F,

0.115

0.200

J

0.750

1.000

A

"D
oD,

In the United Kingdom, Europe, Middle East, and Africa, mountinghardware policies may differ;
check the availability
of all Items
shown with your ReA sales representative
or supplier.

OUTLINE

0.450

9.52

2.93

5.08

19.05

0.220

0.249

5.59

6.32

0.422

0.453

10.72

11.50

N,

-

0.090

-

2.28

S

0.156

-

3.97

-

oT

0.140

0.175

3.56

"

1/4-28

-

I

UNF 2A

0.002
0.006

4.44

1/4-28

-

,

25.40

N

,

2

2.03
20.16

OM

OW

NOTES

'1.43

I

UNF 2A

3

0.050
0.152

NOTES:
1: Chamfer or undercut on one or both Sides of hexagonal base is
optional
2: Angular orientation

and contour of Terminal No.1 is optional.

3: oW ISpitch diameter 01 coated threads. REF: Screw·Thread
Standards for Federal Services. Handbook H 28 Part I
Recommended torque: 30 inch·pounds.

Forward Polarity
(02520 Series)
No.1 (Lug) - Anode
No.2 (Stud) - Cathode

Reverse Polarity
(02520-R Series)
No.1 (Lug) - Cathode
No.2 (Stud) - Anode

OOa5LJD
Solid State
Division

1N3899-1N3903
1N3899R-1N3903R
20-A. 50-to-400-V,
Fast-Recovery Silicon Rectifiers
General-Purpose Types for High-Current Applications
Features:
• Available in reverse-polarity
versions:
1 N3899R, 1 N3900R, 1 N3901 R,
1N3902R,1N3903R
• Fast reverse-recovery

Reverse-polarity
11N3899R-1 N3903R)

For data on other
data bulletins:

JEoEC 00-5

ReA

types

1 N3899-1

N3903

and

1N3899R-l

N3903R

1 A, I RM

=

2 A max., see test circuit
rectifiers,

Series)

12-A File No. 664 (02412

Series)

20-A File No. 665 (02520
40·A File No. 580 (02540

Series)
Series)

are

Fig. 2)

refer to the following

6-A File No. 663 (02406

diffused-junction
silicon
rectifiers
in a stud-type
hermetic
package_ These devices differ only in their voltage ratings.

MAXIMUM RATINGS, Absolute-Maximum

=

RCA fast recovery

current

• Low forward-voltage
drop
• Low·thermal·resistance
hermetic
package

time (trr) -

200 ns max. (I RM
Forward-polarity
I1N3899·1 N39031

• Low reverse-recovery

RCA

All types feature
fast reverse-recovery
time of 200 ns max.
These devices are intended
for use in high-speed
inverters,
choppers.
high-frequency
rectifiers,
"free-wheeling"
diode
circuits, and other high-frequency
applications

Values:

REVERSE VOLTAGE:
*Repetitive peak '." ...........•.........
Non-repetitive peak
*OClBlockingl
FORWARD CURRENT (Conduction
half sine wave):
RMS IT C = 100° C)o
.~ Average (T C = 100 CI·

50
75
.

100
200
100

50

200
300
200

300
400
300

400
500
400

V
V
V

angle'" 180°,
-30

Peak-surge (non-repetitive):
0
At junction
temperature
IT Jl = 150 C:
For one cycle of applied voltage, 60 Hz
For ten cycles of applied voltage, 60 Hz
Peak (repetitive)
.........•
'STORAGE-TEMPERATURE
RANGE
'OPERATING
IJUNCTION) TEMPERATURE
STUD TORQUE:

20

A
A

225
120
100
-65 to 175
-65 to 150

A
A
A
°c
°c

*Recommended

.

30

Maximum 100 NOT EXCEED) .

50

*In accordance
·Case

temperature

with JEDEC

registration

is measured

at center

data.
of any flat surface

on the hexagonal

head of the mounting

stud.

in-Ib
in-Ib

MIN.

MAX.

Reverse Current:

Static
For VRRM

=

max ..rated value, IF

=

0, TC
TC

=
=

25°C
100°C

............. .. .
. . . .. . . . . . ... ..

-

50

IlA

-

6

mA

IR(AV)

-

10

mA

VFIPK)

-

IRM

Dynamic
For single phase full cycle average, 10 = 20 A, T C
Instantaneous
At iF
At iF

=
=

Forward

=

100°C

..........

Voltage Drop:

20 A, VRRM ,. rated value, TJ
20 A, T J

=

25° C

........

=

100°C

..................

-

.. ........................

=

25°C

,

-

1.5
1.4

V

vF

trr

-

200

ns

-

1.5

V

Reverse Recovery Time:
For circuit
IFM
Thermal

=

shown in Fig. 2, at
1 A, I RM

=

2 A max., TC

Resistance IJunction-to·Case)

..................

.........

- ..............

.. .
.. .

ROJC

~O-Q

OUTPUT

°C/W

TO

OSCILLOSCOPE·

(WIlH
RiSE
TIME:!: 0.01 ,.SJ

CONSTANT
VOLTAGE
SUPPLY
(ADJUST
fOR I A DC
THROUGH
RECTIFIER
UNDER TEST
-APPROX.
30 V J

••

'~Rl

UNITS INTERCONNECTED
WITH RG-58U
CABLE
50-a
TERMINATING
RESISTOR
AT INPUT
TERMINALS
Of OSCILLOSCOPE
SELECTED
TO GIVE MAXIMUM
:rRM NO GREATER
THAN 2 A
{APPROXIMATELY

IF
o

tft

R2

I n,lOW
10 n,

CONNECTED

I.

I.M--

14 QJ

NOH-INDUCTIVE
I W, 1"Ko CARBON
IN

PARALLEL

OR

TEN

COMPOSITION

RESISTORS

WITH

DIMENSIONAL
JEDEC 00-5

~

OUTLINE

,"",""'""

@)- ~~~:
INSULATOR

,,""'A'lA'LEATPU8lISHfD
H •• ROWA,AEPRICES

GJ
----0

(~~:~~~~K

0----

DF6B
MICA

INSULATOR

.••v •••• t ••.
aLEAT

PU8L1SHED

0

OF3H
TEFLON'

INSULATING

BUSHING

$H~C~~':~ ~nO~g6~oi;;711.53
mm) MAX
a.VAll"llEA,rpU8LISHED

INCHES
SYMBOL

HA,AOW"REPRICES

A

HAROWA,REPl'UCES

b

MAX,

MIN.

-

0.450
0.375
0.080
0.794
0.667
0.688
0.200

-

0.030
00
00,

~~~~CTOA~

"V,",'l

@.--

•••eUATPU8lISH[O

~~~~O~ASHER

}

E

SUPPLIED

"

J
~--NA38B
~-

DEvICE

oM

HEX,NUT
N
N,

S
oT

In the United Kingdom, Europe, .tv1lddle East, and Africa,
hardware
policies
shown with your

may

ReA

differ;
check
the availability
sales representative
or supplier.

of

OW
Z
Z,

mountingall

items

MILLIMETERS

MIN.

0.669
0.115
0.750
0.220
0.422

17.00
2.93
19.05
5.59
10.72

-

'.000
0.249
0.453
0.090

0.156
0.140

0.115

3.91
3.56

-

-

NOTES

11.43

0.77

1I.•..iUNF2A
0.002
0.006

MAX.

9.52
2.03
20.16
16.94
17.47
5.08
25.40
6.32
11.50
2.28

4.44

1/4·TUNF 2A
0.050
0.152

,

NOTE
1

¢W IS pilCh diameter of co••ed threads. REF: SCre.•••.
Thread
Standards tor Federal Services, Hal'ldbook H 28 Part I
Reeommended torque: 30 inch·pounds.

TERMINAL

CONNECTIONS

Forward Polarity
(1 N3899-1N3903)

Reverse Polarity
(lN3899R -lN3903R)

No.1 (Lug) - Anode
No.2 (Stud) - Cathode

NO.1 (Lug) - Cathode
NO.2 (Stud - Anode

[]1(]5LJD
Solid State
Division

1N3909-1 N3913
1N3909R-1N3913R
30-A, 50-to-400-V,
Fast-Recovery Silicon Rectifiers
General-Purpose

Types for High-C'Jrrent

Applications

Features.-

Forward-polarity
11N3909-1 N39131

1N3909 -

types

package.

1N3912R,1N3913R
• Fast reverse-recovery

• Low-thermal-resistance
package

For data on other

JEOEC 00-5

ReA

• Low reverse-recovery
• Low forward-voltage

1N3913 and 1N3909R -1N3913R
rectifiers

in a stud-type

These devices differ only in their voltage

=

1 A, I RM

RCA fast recovery

data bulletins:

silicon

time (trr) -

200 ns max_ (I RM

Reverse-polarity
I1N3909R-1N3913R)

diffused-junction

• Available in reverse-polarity
versions:
1N3909R,
1N3910R,
1N3911R,

=

2 A max., see test circuit
rectifiers,

6-A File No. 663 (02406

Series)
Series)
Series)

ratings.

RCA

Series)

12-A File No. 664 (02412

are

hermetic

Fig. 2)

refer to the following

20-A File No. 665 (02520
40-A File No. 580 (02540

hermetic

current
drop

All types feature
fast reverse-recovery
time of 200 ns max.
These devices are intended
for use in high·speed
inverters,
choppers,
high-frequency
rectifiers,
"free-wheeling"
diode
circuits, and other high-frequency
applications

REVERSE VOI_TAGE,
*Repetitive
peak ","
Non-repetitive peak
*DC

(Blocking)

...

FORWARD CURRENT
half sine wave):
RMS IT C

*
*

50
75
(Conduction

angle

=.

50

100
200
100

200
300
200

V
V
V

o

= 100 CI'

'STORAGE-TEMPERATURE
'OPERATING
(JUNCTION)
STUD TORQUE,

45
30

A
A

300
160

A
A
A

125
-65 to 175
-65 to 150

RANGE
TEMPERATURE

30
50
*In accordance with JEOEC
temperature

400
500
400

180°,

Average IT C = , aOoC)'"
Peak-surge lnon-repetitive>:
At junction temperature IT}:- 150°C:
For one cycle of applied voltage, 60 Hz
For ten cycles of applied voltage. 60 Hz
Peak (repetitive)

·Case

300
400
300

registration

is measured

at center

data.
of any flat surface

on the hexagonal

head of the mounting

stud.

°c
°c
in-Ib
in-Ib

LIMITS
SYMBOL

CHARACTERISTIC

UNITS

ALL TYPES
MIN.

MAX.

-

80

/lA

10

mA

IRIAV)

-

15

mA

VF(PK)

-

Reverse Current:

Static
For V R RM ~ max. rated value, I F ~ 0, T C
TC

=
=

................

25°C

IRM

... . ...........

100°C

Dynamic
For single phase full cycle average, 10
Instantaneous
At iF
At iF

=
=

Forward

=

..........

30 A, T C

=

=

...............

100°C

Voltage Drop:

30 A, VRRM
30 A, T J

=

=

rated value, TJ

100°C

25° C ...............

. .. . .....

vF

-

1.5
1.4

V

...

- . ..

trr

-

200

ns

ReJC

-

1

.. .

_.0······

V

Reverse Recovery Time:
For circuit shown in Fig. 2, at
IFM
Thermal

=

1 A, IRM

=

2 A max., TC

Resistance IJunction-to-Case)

=

25°C
.....

.................
. . - . .. .

.........

.....

.

50 -

n

°C/W

OUTPUT

TO

OSCillOSCOPE"·
(WITH RiSE
TlME'5001,.SI

CONSTANT
VOLTAGE
SUPPLY
{ADJUST
FOR I A DC
THROUGH
RECTIFIER
UNDER TEST
-APPRQX 30 v J

••

'~RI

UNITS INTERCONNECTED
WITH FlG-SSU CABLE
50-a
TERMINATING RESISTOR AT INPut
TERMINALS
OF OSCillOSCOPE
SELECTED
rOGIVE
IRM
NO GREATER
(APPROXIMATELY

IF

'..

o

R2

MAXIMUM
THAN
2 A
14

nl

I n,IOW
NON-INDucnve:
OR TEN
10
I W,I%
CARBON COMPOSITION

n,

CONNECTED

RESISTORS

IN PARALLEL
92(101-22179111

IRM-

IR
OSCILLOSCOPE

DISPLAY

OF REVERSE-RECOVERY

TIME

WITH

----------------------File
1-

No.
7?~

£

<j>W

"

INCHES

MIN

MAX

MIN

MAX.

A

-

0.50
0375

-

11.43

0.030

ooeo

071

-

0194
0667

-

2.03
2016

066.
0.115
0750

0688

11.00

0200
, 000

293
1905

0249

559
1072

b

vD

,.D,

,
"

J

,M
N

0220
0422

N,
S

o

..-,1
In the United Kingdom, Europe, Middle East, and Africa, mountinghardware policies may differ; check the availability of all items
shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.
mounting

hardware.

0453

'694
17.47
508
25.40
6.32
1150

-

0090

i56
0140

-

397

-

0175

3.56

'.44

-

2.28

2

-

OOSO

2,

-

-

0.152

1/4'j

0006

NOTES

9.52

1I4'2iUNF 2A
0002

"W

Fig. 3 - Suggested

MILLIMETERS

SYMBOL

UN' 2A

,

NOTE
1

oW,~

pitch

d,ameter

of coated

threads

Siandard$
for Federal ServICes, Handbook
Recommended
torque: 30 ,nch·pounds

Forward

Polarity

(lN3909

-lN3913)

NO.1 (Lug) - Anode
No.2 (Stud) - Cathode

REF:
H 28

Screw-Thread
Pa'l

I

Reverse Polarity
(1 N3909R -

1N3913R)

NO.1 (Lug) - Cathode
No.2 (Stud) - Anode

DDJ]sLlD
Solid State
Division

02540 Series
02540-R Series
40-A, 50- to- 600 V,
Fast- Recovery
Silicon Rectifiers

,
I

Cathode

Forward-polarity

Reverse-polarity

(02540 Series)

(0254D-RSeries)

• Available in reverse-polarity versions:
D2540A-R, D2540B-R, D2540D-R,
D2540F-R,

JEDEC 00·5

D2540M·R

• Fast reverse-recovery

• Low reverse-recovery current
• Low forward-voltage drop
• Low-thermal-resistance hermetic package

time -

0.35 I./smax. from 125 A peak
RCA D2540 series and D2540-R seriest inclusive, are
diffused-junction-type
silicon rectifiers in a stud-type hermetic

package. These devices differ

only

in their

voltage

ratings.
All

These devices are intended for use in high-speed inverters,
choppers,

high-frequency

rectifiers,

"free-wheeling"

diode

circuits, and other high-frequency applications.

types feature fast reverse-recovery time (0.35 I./S max.

from 125 A peak) with "soft"

recovery characteristics that

D2540F
(40956)*
D2540F-R
(40956R)*
Repetitive peak
Non-repetitive peak.

.

VRSM

50
100

IF(RMS)

10

VRRM

D2540A
(40957)*
D2540A-R
(40957R)*

D2540B
(40958)*
D2540B-R
(40958R)*

100

200
300

200

FORWARD CURRENT (Conduction angle = 180~
half sine wave):
RMS (TC = 1000CI-

...........•.

Average (T C = 1OOOC)-

D2540D
(R0959)*
D2540D-R
(40959R)*

D2540M
(40960)*
D2540M·R
(40960R)*

400

600

V

600

800

V

..

60
40

..

4

700

4

195

..
..

A
A

Peak-surge (non-repetitive):
At junction temperature (TJ) = 1500C
For one-half cycle of applied voltage, 60 Hz

(8.3 ms)
Peak (repetitivel
TEMPERATURE RANGE:
Storage and Operating (Junction)

IFSM
IFRM

4

40 to 150

A
A
°C

dildt = 25 A/i.J. RG -58U CABLE AT INPUT WITH ** .J. rated value.J.9 25°C 100°C Drop: See Figure 2. pulse duration = 15 i.H"* OR RC A 012018 AMPLITUDE RECTIFIER UNDER TEST T 133}<F O-130V AC 5O(NIl ] RM ReA D260lN OIlNll J 50-n OUTPUT TO OSCILLOSCOPE (WITH RiSE TIME :s: 0. UNITS Reverse Current: Static = For VRRM max.35 ROJC - 0. MAX. - 100 i. TJ Reverse·Recovery For circuit At I FRM TC Thermal = 25°C.s.5 mA vF - 1.J.01 fLS) TRIGGER SIGNAL TO OSCILLOSCOPE NOTES ** ALL RESISTANCE VALUES RM MONITORING RESISTOR ARE IN OHMS UNITS INTERCONNECTED WITH 50-n TERMINATING RESISTOR TERMINALS OF OSCillOSCOPE.8 V trr -- 0. Time: shown = Voltage = = = in Figure 1: 125 A.LIMITS SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC ALL TYPES MIN. IF = 0. TC TC Instantaneous At iF = Forward 100 A.A IRM - 2.S 25°C Resistance (Junction·to·Casel i.S °C/W 1:3~:4n 2.25 p.

.. 200 PEAk FORWARD CURRENT tOO 300 t I FRWI - A PEAK FORWARD 200 CURRENT OJ\.3-Average forward-power dissipation for maximum forward-voltage-drop unit..JC.J -IF..'" ~t\'. <t. FOR MAXIMUM FORWARD-VOLTAGE-DROP SWITCHING lOSSES NEGLECTED CU UNIT NW ..c ~ I .FRM t~L 300 (IFRM)-It 400 .A 400 FOR TYPICAL FORWARD-VOLTAGE-DROP UNIT SWITCHIHG LOSSES NEGLECTED CURRENT WAVEFORM 0J1....IU"" -{ F'" o " CURRENT lJ '2 WAVEFORM OJ\. ~ Z I' CA5IE n_RT...- ·• TJ·" I C v J.FRM I z jt~f-L I OJ I 2 INSTANnNEOUS 3 100 200 300 PEAK FORWARD CURRENT (IFRM )-A .JC.I PEAK tOO FORWARD 2DO CURRENT (I FRM) X)() ... II a • Ii! ~ ~ • il • 1/ 10 · !• i ·• CURRENT WAVEFORM OJ\..~'i' o 0.FRM Id.•• 400 FORWAROVOLTAGE DROP hF)-V 921:5-19186 Fig.-r I MAXIMUM TYPICAL/ 100 •• f. .JC.j..

14 mm) ref. MAX 0450 0.CURRENT WAVEFORM 0JU"" IFRM t. (screw t"'read mndards for Fecletal Services 1951) H. 70 .667 0."J .59 10. n.0 E F F.~".2 (Stud) .1- K>O 200 300 4CX) PEAf( FORWARDCURRENT (IF." 1/4-28 UNF 2A 4 1 1.687 0200 - 16.060 MIN.Anode No. Afl9.175 1/4-28 UNF 2A MAX. ~ ~ -' '".40 6. check the availability of all items shown with your ReA sales representative or supplier.4 9.•. mountinghardware policies may differ." 5.' N W 0.1 (Lug) . Minimumftat .45 3.8-Maximum allowable case temperature for tvpical forward-voltage-drop unit.3 .315 0.156 0. 1/4-28 UNF-2A.453 0.667 0. 00 ~ ~ 20 0 Fig.Cathode No..12 0.5.249 0. 2. CURRENT WAvmlIIII .Cathode No. allowable case temperature for maximum forward·voltage·drop unit.000 - 0.52 - 1. Maximum pitc'" diameler of plaled t"'readss"'al! be basic pilC'" diametll'" 1..53 2. A b . Middle East.94 17.tne.Anode In the United Kingdom.I-L 300 400 IIF•••) -A 92CS-t9t93RI 92CS-19192RI Fig.~.080 0.45 5j08 NOTES 2 - 25. Europe.1 (Lugl .llar ()(ientltion olt"'e tll'"minal is undelined.94 2. J I .2268 inc•. and Africa.03 16.~ 0 oJ'1I -IF'" ~1r.tndbook H28 1951 PI 4. 3. MILLIMETERS INCHES YMBOl MIN.32 11.)-A "forward Polarity (02540 Series) Reverse Polarity (02540-R Seri'os) No.9-Maximum ::J o o .~ o 0 .51 4.M 1 Completl t"'reads to extend to wil"'in 2-112 t"'reads 01 sealing pl.140 - 3.422 0.115 0.2 (Stud I .92 1.220 0..

Diacs .

Both units exhibit teristics. and Commercial Equipment • For critical triggering applications requiring narrow breakover voltage range (29-35V)-D3202Y Typical breakover voltage: V(BO) Low breakover current (at breakover voltage): I(BO) = 251lA max. Absolute-Maximum DEVICE DISSIPATION: At case temperature up to 400C At case temperatures above 40o'C TEMPERATURE Values: Derate 0.06 CAPACITANCE o.2: 1/16 -40 to +150 °c -40 to +100 °c (During Soldering) in. o .oe 0.1 ICT)-~F .02 0. in which high = • • packing densities are 32 V I= ±3 V max. and heat controls. negative-resistance charac· use in thyristor universal-motor phase-control speed control. Their small size and plastic package of high insulation resistance make these diacs especially suitable for applications employed.04 TRIGGERING 0. (1.rC:S-20101 .oornLJD Solid State Division D3202Y D3202U Plastic-Packaged Two-Terminal Trigger Devices for Applications in Military.016 RANGE: Storage Operating (Junction) LEAD TEMPERATURE At distance. These diacs circuits for are bidirectional intended for lamp-dimming.1 W WloC 0. Industrial. • High peak pulse current capability • Breakover voltage symmetry: \+V(BO) I-I-V(BO) RCA D3202Y diffused. MAXIMUM RA TI NGS.59 mml from case for 10 s max. (45411)' and D3202U three·layer. two-terminal (45412)' are all- devices in an axial-lead plastic package designed specifically for triggering thyristors.

Peak Output Current (See Figs. 3..56 7.• SQUAR1E X 0.• 0.. ~ ~ '".2 . CT = 0. 29 35 25 40 V - ±3 - ±3 V 190 - 190 - mA V(BO) Breakover Voltage I +V(Bo)I-I-V(BOI! Symmetry UNITS D3202U MAX.104 I 0. (Tel ~40·C \ \ I. CT=O. Breakover Voltage (Forward or Reverse) MIN.0 G 0. j ~ WIDTH 1.2 I . & 5.• SAFE OPERATING SINUSOIDAL AREA 0 .1 /IF RL = 20 Do 9 - 9 - V - 60 - 60 °C/W Dynamic I Breakback Voltage Thermal Impedance IOJA Junction-to-ambient ~ OUTPUT 2 ~ ~ z ~ I. PULSE CASE TEMPERATURE I I 0 . MAX.~~~.027 0. 2.I/lF.84 25.• u I.' ''""" ~ "~ "~ . • ~O~.686 2. -.l ipk VSUPPL Y = 30 VRMS. WAvE _ " DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE D3202Y & D3202U FOR TYPES JEDEC DO-15 INCHES MilLIMETERS SYMBOL MIN " .230 1.889 3.' 0 WAVE I \ 0 .62 1_27 .300 0050 MIN 0.40 - MAX 0.LIMITS CHARACTE TEST CONDITIONS SYMBOL R ISTI C D3202Y MIN. - MAX 0035 0140 0.000 I.64 5. RL = 20 Do Peak Breakover Current I(BO) At breakaver voltage - 25 - 25 /lA !'>V± VSUPPL Y = 30 VRMS.

.

Application Notes .

The ratings included in RCA Solid State Devices data bulletins are based on the Absolute Maximum Rating System. However. and variations in device characteristics. . supplemental protection must be provided to prevent the development of electrical conductive paths across the relatively small insulating surfaces. load variation. environmental conditions. Failure to observe these precautions can cause excessive internal heating of the device resulting in destruction and/or possible shattering of the enclosure. and should not be exceeded under the worst probable conditions. designers should anticipate the rare possibility of device failure and make certain that no safety hazard would result from such an occurrence. The metal shells of some solid state devices operate at the collector voltage and for some rectifiers and thyristors at the anode voltage. However. and the effects of changes in operating conditions due to variations in device characteristics. therefore. which is defined by the following Industry Standard (JEDEC) statement: Absolute-Maximum Ratings are limiting values of operating and environmental conditions applicable to any electron device of a specified type as defined by its published data. When these devices are used in moist or contaminated atmospheres. mechanical or environmental operating conditions. in any application in which devices are operated at voltages which may be dangerous to personnel. equipment component variation. or other forms of effective current overload protection. the user should consult references such as the J EDEC Standard No. It is recommended that equipment manufacturers consult RCA whenever device applications involve unusual electrical. This Note summarizes important operating recommendations and precautions which should be followed in the interest of maintaining the high standards of performance of solid state devices. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS The design flexibility provided by these devices makes possible their use in a broad range of applications and under many different operating conditions. suitable precautionary measures should be taken to prevent direct contact with these devices. The equipment manufacturer should design so that initially and throughout life no absolute-maximum value for the intended service is exceeded with any device under the worst probable operating conditions with respect to supplyvoltage variation.Solid State Devices OOClliLm Solid State Division Operating Considerations 1CE-402 Operating Considerations for RCA Solid State Devices Solid state devices are being designed into an increasing variety of electronic equipment because of their high standards of reliability and performance. it is essential that equipment designers be mindful of good engineering practices in the use of these devices to achieve the desired performance. In general." and JEDEC Standard RS282 "Standards for Silicon Rectifier Diodes and Stacks". When incorporating these devices in equipment. signal variation. For specific information on voltage creepage. environmental variations. therefore. Therefore. it should be recognized that these compact devices usually provide only relatively small insulation area between adjacent leads and the metal envelope. The small size of most solid state products provides obvious advantages to the designers of electronic equipment. taking no responsibility for equipment variations. In common with many electronic components. consideration should be given to the possibility of shock hazard if the shells are to operate at voltages appreciably above or below ground potential. Devices should not be connected into or disconnected from circuits with the power on because high transient voltages may cause permanent damage to the devices. solid-state devices should be operated and tested in circuits which have reasonable values of current limiting resistance. 7 "Suggested Standard on Thyristors. The device manufacturer chooses these values to prOVide acceptable serviceability of the device. equipment control adjustment.

be used between each mounting bolt and the chassis to prevent a short circuit. to prevent excessive tension on the leads. Under no circumstances. This information is intended to augment the data on electrical characteristics. Soldering to the leads is also allowed. the insulating bushing should not exhibit shrinkage or softening under the operating temperatures encountered. During operation. provided they are not indiscriminately twisted or bent. TRANSISTORS WITH MOUNTING FLANGES The mounting flanges of JEDEC.type packages such as the TO-3 or TO-66 often serve as the collector or anode terminal. otherwise the heat of the soldering operation could crack the pin seals and damage the device. Restrain the lead between the bending point and the plastic case to prevent relative movement between the lead and the case. and a lead-bending fixture should be designed and constructed. However. When the leads of an in-line plastic package are to be formed. it should be drilled or punched to provide the two mounting holes for the terminal pins. 2. whether by use of long-nosed pliers or a special bending fixture. and describe various mounting arrangements. When the bend is made in the plane perpendicular to that of the leads. Do not use a lead-bend radius of less than 1/16 inch. The heat sink must have sufficient thermal capacity to assure that the heat dissipated in the heat sin k itself does not raise the device moun tingflange temperature above the rated value. and cleaning methods. It is also important that an insulating bushing. When the use of a special bending fixture is not practical. The following paragraphs provide guidelines for handling and mounting of these plastic-package devices. must not exceed 2750C and must be applied for not more than 5 seconds at a distance not less than 1/8 inch from the plastic case. however. PLASTIC POWER TRANSISTORS AND THYRISTORS RCA power transistors and thyristors (SCR's and triacs) in molded-silicone-plastic packages are available in a wide range of power-dissipation ratings and a variety of package configurations. Such connections may be soldered to the pins close to the pin seals provided care is taken to conduct excessive heat away from the seals. 5. Lead-Forming Techniqup. and performance capabilities in the technical bulletin for each type of plastic-package transistor or thyristor. care should be exercised to assure that movement of the wire does not cause movement of the lead at the lead-to-plastic junctions. Avoid repeated bending of leads. If the mounting arrangement tends to impose axial stress on the leads. The heat sink or chassis may be connected to either the positive or negative supply. Although these leads can be formed. it is essential that the mounting flange be securely fastened to the heat sink. the folloWing precautions must be observed to avoid internal damage to the device: I.TRANSISTORS WITH FLEXIBLE LEADS Flexible leads are usually soldered to the circuit elements. Wire wrapping of the leads is permissible. The maximum soldering temperature. safe operating area. 4. bend only the narrow part of the lead. it is necessary to remove the burrs from the holes in the chassis. 3. When the bend is made in the plane of the lead (spreading). [n many applications the chassis is connected to the voltage-supply terminal. such as glass-filled nylon. The pliers should hold the lead firmly between the bending point and the case. nor are they sufficiently rigid for unrestrained wire wrapping Before an attempt is made to form the leads of an in-line package to meet the requirements of a specific application. the mounting-flange temperature is higher than the ambient temperature by an amount which depends on the heat sink used. which may be the equipment chassis. It is important during the soldering operation to avoid excessive heat in order to prevent possible damage to the devices. provided that the lead is restrained between the plastic case and the point of the wrapping. Electrical connections may also be made by soldering directly to the terminal pins. however. The burrs should then be removed from the washer and the washer anodized.s The leads of the RCA VERSAWATT in-line plastic packages can be formed to a custom shape. recommend forming of leads to meet specific mounting requirements. the desired lead configuration should be determined. Otherwise the thermal resistance at the interface between transistor and heat sink may increase as a result of decreasing pressure. To insure that the anodized insulating layer is not destroyed during mounting. but should not touch the case. make the bend at least 1/8 inch from the plastic case. Some of the heat can be absorbed if the flexible lead of the device is grasped between the case and the soldering point with a pair of pliers. Such devices can be installed in commercially available sockets. they are not flexible in the general sense. If the recommended mounting hardware shown in the data bulletin for the specific solid-state device is not available. it is necessary to use either an anodized aluminum insulator having high thermal conductivity or a mica insulator between the mounting-flange and the chassis. It is desirable in all soldering operations to provide some slack or an expansion elbow in each lead. [f an insulating aluminum washer is required. thermal considerations. In such cases. . Force in this direction greater than 4 pounds may result in permanent damage to the device. When wires are used for connections. The leads of the TO-220AB VERSAWATT in-line package are not designed to withstand excessive axial pull. some method of strain relief should be devised. should the mounting flange be soldered directly to the heat sink or chassis because the heat of the soldering operation could permanently damage the device. a pair of long-nosed pliers may be used. The use of a properly designed fixture for this operation eliminates the need for repeated lead bending.

140 inch (6-32 clearance). or fiberglass-filled polycarbonate.mitted to change them from a standard vertical to a standard horizontal configuration. therefore. Flange distortion is also possible if excessive torque is used during moun ting. however. 6. NR231 A) is recommended to minimize distortion of the mounting flange. This consideration applies to all non-hermetic and molded-plastic components. such as UID Electronics Corp. Excessive distortion of the flange could cause damage to the transistor. 2. The maximum allowable power dissipation in a solid state device is limited by the junction temperature. It is. The mounting holes should be kept as small as possible. The material used for such a spacer or spacer-isolating bushing should. Gasoline and other hydrocarbons cause the . or conversely. 7. 4. as either acceptable or unacceptable. Always fasten the transistor to the heat sink before the leads are soldered to fixed terminals.002 inch/inch. However. repeated bendings should be avoided. Never allow the mounting tool to come in contact with the plastic case. However. 5. Care should be exercised to assure that the tool used to drive the mounting screw never comes in contact with the plastic body during the driving operation. Thin insulating washers should be used. simple bending of the leads is pe.250 inch. Never exceed a torque of 8 inch-pounds. Modification of the flange can also result in flange distortion and should not be attempted. the TO-220AB in-line package can be mounted in a Jetron Socket No. from a reliability stand point it is extremely important that the solvent. Use insulating bushings to prevent hot-creep problems. together with other chemicals in the solder-cleaning system (such as flux and solder covers). When the transistor is fastened to a heat sink. Chlorinated solvents tend to dissolve the outer package and. Use appropriate hardware. however. The. For testing purposes. and chamfered to a maximum radius of 0. when the device is mounted on a heat sink. in any case. fiberglass-filled nylon. Thermal considerations require that a free flow of air around the device is always present and that the power dissipation be maintained below the level which would cause the junction temperature to rise above the maximum rating. Mounting Recommended mounting arrangements and suggested hardware for the VERSA WAIT transistors are given in the data bulletins for specific devices and in RCA Application Note AN-4124. 2. Unfilled nylon should be avoided. Thermal grease (Dow Corning 340 or equivalent) should always be used on both sides of the insulating washer if one is employed. without a heat sink. The washer is particularly important when the size of the mounting hole exceeds 0. Avoid oversize mounting holes. of course. 3. made of material having sufficient creep strength. TO·220AA plastic transistor can be mounted in commercially available TO-66 sockets. However. impractical to evaluate the effect on long-term transistor life of all cleaning solvents. An excellent method of avoiding this problem is to use a spacer or combination spacer-isolating bushing which raises the screw head or nu t above the top surface of the plastic body. Mounting torque should be between 4 and 8 inchpounds. Such bushings should be made of diallphthalate. A maximum torque of 8 inch-pounds is specified. be classified with respect to their component parts. the following precautions should be taken: 1. An important factor in assuring that the junction temperature remains below the specified maximum value is the ability of the associ~ted thermal circuit to conduct heat away from the device. PTS4 or equivalent. make operation in a humid atmosphere unreliable. 3. the steady-state thermal circuit is defined by the junction-to-free-air thermal resistance given in the published data for the device. the holes should not be larger than necessary to provide hardware clearance and. or fiberglass-filled polycarbonate. A lock washer or torque washer. Such contact can result in damage to the plastic body and internal device connections. fiberglass-filled nylon.The leads of RCA molded-plastic high-power packages are not designed to be reshaped. The usual practice is to submerge components in a solvent bath for a specified time. Larger holes are needed to accommodate insulating bushings. 6. 5. A wide variety of solvents is available for degreasing and flux removal. care must be taken to assure that all portions of the thermal circuit are considered. The transistor should not be soldered to the heat sink by use of lead-tin solder because the heat required with this type of solder will cause the junction temperature of the transistor to become excessively high. the following special precautions should be observed: I. which are marketed with numerous additives under a variety of brand names. 7. of course. To assure efficient heat transfer from case to heat sink when mounting RCA molded-plastic solid state power devices. Provide strain relief if there is any probability that axial stress will be applied to the leads. These solvents can. Suggested materials for these bushings are diallphtalate. should not exceed a diameter of 0. DC74-104 or equivalent. 4. The mounting surface should be flat within 0. a rectangular washer (RCA Part No. be carefully selected to avoid "cold flow" and consequent reduction in mounting force. Socket No.010 inch. (Thickness of factory-supplied mica washers range from 2 to 4 mils). should be used to prevent degradation of heat sink efficiency during life. do not adversely affect the life of the component. Holes should be drilled or punched clean with no burrs or ridges. Regardless of the mounting method. When a solid state device is operated in free air. Bending of the leads in this manner is restricted to three 90-degree bends.

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS In any method of mounting integrated circuits which involves bending or forming of the device leads. Such an arrangement is illustrated in RCA Publication MHI-300B. Devices should not be inserted in non-conductive containers such as conventional plastic snow or trays. methanol. If each unit is soldered individually. "Mounting Hardware Supplied with RCA Semiconductor Devices". Alpha Reliafoam No. For more detailed thyristor mounting considerations. it is extremely important that the lead be supported and clamped between the bend and the package seal. the hand being used should be grounded by any suitable means. Devices should never be inserted into or removed from circuits with power on. 809 6. 320-33 2. RECTIFIERS AND THYRISTORS A surge-limiting impedance should always be used in series with silicon rectifiers and thyristors. the heat source should be held on the heat sink and the solder on the unit. while organic or acid fluxes are not. Soldering-iron tips and test equipment should be grounded. Freon TP-35 (Freon PC) 4. Alpha Reliafoam No. such as those used in RCA 14-lead and 16-lead flat-packages. Alcohol and unchlorinated freons are acceptable solvents.inner encapsulant to swell and damage the transistor. such as SDA I. less than the lead thickness. Examples of such solvents are: I. Alpha Reliaros No. Alpha Reliafoam No.) 2. These diodes offer protection against static discharge and in-circuit transients without the need for external shorting mechanisms. 815-35 8. or by soldering. and that bending be done with care to avoid damage to lead plating. Alpha Reliaros No. Rosin or activated rosin fluxes are recommended. and special denatured alcohols. Freon TE-35 3. diodes are electrically connected between each insulated gate and the transistor's source. 44 If the completed assembly is to be encapsulated. In no case should the radius of the bend be less than the diameter of the lead. for example. Heat should be applied only long enough to permit solder to flow freely. "Thermal Considerations in Mounting of RCA Thyristors". the device. 4. Examples of acceptable fluxes are: I. Kester No. or in the case of rectangular leads. 3. Handling All COS/MOS gate inputs have a resistor/diode gate protection network. These diode networks at input and output interfaces fully protect COS/MOS devices from gate-oxide failure (70 to 100 volt limit) for static discharge or signal voltage up to I to 2 kilovolts under most transient or low-current conditions. MOS transistors are currently being extensively used in production by numerous equipment manufacturers in military. It is also extremely important that the ends of the bent leads be straight to assure proper insertion through the holes in the printed-drcuit board_ COS/MOS (Complementary-Symmetry MOS) Integrated Circuits 1. and consumer applications. 711 4. MOS FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTORS Insulated-Gate Metal Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors (MOS FETs). Alpha Reliafoam No. with a metallic wristband. Electrostatic discharges can occur in an MOS FET if a type with an unprotected gate is picked up and the static charge. 2. Tips of soldering irons should be grounded. Prior to assembly into a circuit. the following handling precautions should be taken: I. Alpha Reliaros No. SDA30. With proper handling and applications procedures. SDAJ4. 811-13 7. with virtually no problems of damage due to electrostatic discharge. Although protection against electrostatic effects is provided by built-in circuitry. are susceptible to gate insulation damage by the electrostatic discharge of energy through the devices. Freon TE 2. 346 3. The impedance value must be sufficient to limit the surge current to the value specified under the maximum ratings. A very efficient method for mounting thyristors utiliZing packages such as the JEDEC TO-5 and "modified TO-5" is to provide intimate contact between the heat sink and at least one half of the base of the device opposite the leads. all leads should be kept shorted together either by the use of metal shorting springs attached to the device by the vendor. built in the handler's body capacitanu' is discharged through *Trade Mark: Emerson and Cumming. MOS FETs which do not include gateprotection diodes can be handled safely if the follOWingbasic precau tions are taken: I. industrial. This impedance may be proVided by the power transformer winding. In some MOS FETs. or by an external resistor or choke. . Soldering to the heat sink is preferable because it is the most efficient method. the effect on the molded-plastic transistor must be studied from both a chemical and a physical standpoint. When devices are removed by hand from their carriers. refer to Application Note AN3822. or by the insertion into conductive material such as "ECCOSORB* LD26" or equivalent. Inc. The use of a "self-jigging" arrangement and a solder preform is recommended. and SDA44) Care must also be used in the selection of fluxes for lead soldering. 807 5. like bipolar high-frequency transistors. however. Alcohol (isopropanol. (NOTE: Polystyrene insulating "SNOW" is not sufficiently conductive and should not be used. All transmission gate inputs and all outputs have diode protection prOVided by inherent p-n junction diodes. These packages can be mounted to the heat sink mechanically with glue or an epoxy adhesive.

Inputs to these types. unlike packaged devices. such as the CD4009A. and CD4010A. Output Short Circuits Shorting of outputs to VSS or VDD can damage many of the higher-out put-current CaS/MaS types. Relative humidity. and therefore. is directly driven. physical. any necessary procedure must be followed by the user to insure that these non-hermetic chips are not subjected to moist or contaminated atmosphere which might cause the development of electrical conductive paths across the relatively small insulating surfaces. . whichever is appropriate for the logic circuit involved. 2. B. 400C max. After the shipping container is opened. In general. Chips must be stored under proper conditions to insure that they are not subjected to a moist and/or contaminated atmosphere that could alter their electrical. For detailed CaS/MaS IC Handling Considerations. CD40IOA. normally fragile and small in physical size. In additior. 50% max. these types can all be safely shorted for supplies up to 5 volts. should have a pull-up resistor to VSS or VDD. the device output characteristics given in the published data should be consulted to determine the requirements for a safe operation below 200 milliwatts. or mechanical characteristics. 3. the chip must be stored under the following conditions: A.. 4. A useful range of values for such resistors is from 0. thermal. Input Signals Signals shall not be applied to the inputs while the device power supply is off unless the input current is limited to a steady state value of less than 10 milliamperes. but can cause the maximum power dissipation of 200 milliwatts to be exceeded and may result in damage to the device. are nonhermetic devices. such as the base of a p-n-p or an n-p-n bipolar transistor. refer to Application Note ICAN-6000 "Handling Considerations for MaS Integrated Circuits". and mechanical performance.Unused Inputs All unused input leads must be connected to either VSS or VDD. but will be damaged (depending on type) at higher power-supply voltages. The user must exercise proper care when handling chips to prevent even the slightest physical damage to the chip. Solid state chips. Storage temperature.2 to I megohm. A floating input on a high-current type. dust-free environment. C. CD4009A. proper consideration must be given to the protection of these devices from other harmful environments which could conceivably adversely affect their proper performance. require special handling considerations as follows: I. Clean. During mounting and lead bonding of chips the user must use proper assembly techniques to obtain proper electrical. such as the CD4007A. After the chip has been mounted and bonded. which are mounted on printed-circuit boards that may temporarily become unterminated. For cases in which a short-circuit load. not only can result in faulty logic operation.

the SCR is presented as a perfect switch. Burke and G.2 shows that the discharge of the storage network (t 1. This concentration produces undesirable high temperatures.t3). the SCR returns to the forwardblocking condition and is ready foc the next cycle. The recharge interval (t3 .1. form of turn-off is indicated in Fig.t2) is oscillatory. but does not consider the rate of current spread over the junction area and its attendant dissipation.2(bl. as shown in Figs. The common definition of turn-on time adequately covers the delay and rise-time intervals of the turn-on process. This technique reduces the turn-off time requirements for the SCR. turn-on definitions in themselves provide no indication of the switching capability of the SCR. Fig. Figs. and are concentrated in a small region until the entire junction area is in conduction.l and 2 (t2 . Because the dissipation after turn-on is an important consideration in pulse circuits. each of which would have particular requirements for the SCR. the load is "mismatched" to the discharge-circuit impedance so that a negative voltage is developed on the capacitor at the end of the pulse. In the idealized waveforms of Fig. Turn·On Time Definitions A typical SCR pulse modulator circuit is shown in Fig. and appreciable resistance after turn-on. The SCR is triggered by pulses from the gate-trigger generator No.2. The limiting parameter in such applications often is the time required for forward current to spread over the whole area of the junction. Typical applications include radar pulse modulators. it exhibits a finite resistance prior to turn-on.[Kl(]5LJD Thyristors Application Note Solid State Division AN-3418 Design Considerations for the RCA-S6431M Silicon Controlled Rectifier In High-Current Pulse Applications by D.l and 2 illustrate only one of a great variety of pulse circuits. Basic waveforms for the circuit are shown in Fig. A common requirement would be to pass focward currents with particular emphasis on shape and magnitude. This When the energy-storage network is recharged from the dc supply. The rate of rec harge infl uences the dv/ dt requirements for the SCR. Albrecht Silicon controlled rectifiers (SCR's) are often used in pulse circuits in which the ratio of peak to average current is large. the half-sine-wave shape is characteristic of a single LC-section energy-storage network. . W.2. inverters.t4) may be delayed by use of a charging SCR. The capacitors of the energy-storage network are charged by the dc supply. The RCA-S6431M SCR is achieve rapid utilization of the rating curves and calculations allow the designer to make full ing capability of this device. For turn-off. a delay after the introduction of the trigger pulse. E. specially designed to full junction area The presented in this Note use of the high switch- The negative voltage reverse-biases the SCR. and the energy-storage network discharges through an inductance and the load (transformer).I. Losses in the SCR are high. Actually. and switching regulators.

The sol id lines represent device turn-on to low steadystate forward current. in which case t3 becomes a noticeable interval.e.Ie '+---V I I VSCR Capability Because several different physical effects occur in the SCR during the complete turn-on interval. in which case equalization effects are not pronounced. and the variability of cycle-to-cycle delay or jitter. the rise-time portion of turn-on is defined as the time interval between the 10-per-cent and 90-per-cent points on the current wave shape when the SCR is triggered on in a circuit that has rated forward voltage and sufficient resistance to limit the current to rated values.-""t'""t--r--I -j'2t- The technical bulletin for the S6431 Mcontains infonnation on maximum trigger-pulse magnitudes for various pulse widths for this device. The use of a trigger pul se greater than the min imum gate-current requirement of the SCR minimizes delay time and reduces the range of the delay times encountered between individual SeR's.* There are no significant power losses in the SCR during delay. the end of the turn-on interval occurs when the forward voltage drop across the SCR is 60 volts. The dashed lines represent SCR turn-on to high currents. This interval depends to a Iarge extent upon the level of gate current used to turn on the SCR.t-t3~ I ~t1IGH CURRENT . This value contrasts with the steady-state forward voltage of only 1 or Z volts under such conditions. injection of holes through the gate-cathode junction and injection of electrons through the cathode-gate junction>. Idealized wavefarms far pu/se. The del ay interval is primarily of interest because of its effect on system perfonnance.3. * --1- -- I As an example." ~ I r I I ~ HIGH CURRENT LOW CURRENT r-r-----I I I I I I I l.. I I I -l 'I I. The second interval (tz or fall time) depends on the initiation of forward conduction between the p-type emitter and the n-type emitter (i.discharge circuit.•••• -_L --. Switching 0 - -h~ _ I + GATE SIGNAL No.. fall time tz.e.1 0 I I I r S~~':.~ b i NO_2+~ 0 {~ARGING I seRI I I J Fig.2.4 for a range of initial voltages. The flow of forward current during the voltage fall time results in power loss in this interval. An interval many times greater than the turn-on time may be -required before the forward voltage drop reduces to the steady-state level. This Note discusses gating characteristics of ReA SCR t 5 in more detail. When this phenomenon is isolated from current ef'gcts. the variability of delay with temperature.3 microsecond. it is convenient to divide the total turn-on time into three discrete intervals: delay time tl. anode-to-cathode current). as described later. The magniI I I I GATE SIGNAL +~ o I I I I I I No.. The first interval (tl or delay time) results from the initiation of forward conduction between the p-type base and the n-type emitter (i. the duration of the voltage fall time measured from the 9O-per-cent to the 10-per-cent point is less than 0. For a 600-volt device. I o I I . Voltage fall time is illustrated in Fig. and equalizing time t3' These intervals are shown in Fig.1 I I I I I I r --i---""'-= I I I I.

-FigA . represents the time required for the current to spread over the junction area. the time required for full utilization of junction area represents a considerably longer interval than tl (delay) or tz (fam. together with those in Figs.Forward voltage tage at various times as a function after of forward the initiation vol- of turn-on. equalization time (t3 of Fig. Fig. This curve. - .Instantaneous forward dissipation as a function of current at various times after the initiation of turn-on. The rate of increase in the active j unction area depends on the geometry and the junction parameters. Fig. magnitude. however. 800 z w ~ 600 ! o 400 ft 200 "'".. current level.oe ~tt.. gives an indication of the feasibility of using the 86431 M in a high-current pulse application.3).~d. The third discrete interval during turn-on. Characteristics and Ratings Because the major factor In the rating of SCR's for pulse applications is the initial forward-voltage drop.6 . Fig.. At best. and is infll!enced by the levels of driving voltage and current. and gate drive.I/Iustratian (low of voltage forward faff time current). the RCA·S6431Mis rated specifically for this characteristic.. The forward current resulting from the initial voltage fall is concentrated in a small area of the junction and spreads gradually over the entire area. In general. and repetition rate desired.5 and 6 show two families of rating curves which make it possible to calculate the power loss per pulse and the average power loss for a particular current-pulse shape. Limits must also be imposed upon the instantaneous temperature rise of the junction over the average case Fig.7 and 8. Figs.7 and 8 show maximum allowable repetition rates and pulse amplitudes for several pulse shapes. and are useful as a quick estimating guide for the pulse-current switching capability of the 86431 M SCR. either type of definition has only limited usefulness to the user. t3 could be defined as the time required for forward voltage to decrease to a given multiple of the final steady-state value under a constant-current pulse. Such a definition would be more indicative of switching capability than the conventional definition of turn-on time as the time required for forward ON-state voltage to decrease to a percentage of the initial blocking voltage.9 shows the allowable maximum current for the 864 13M at any time after the initiation of the current pulse. Figs. temperature and upon the differential temperature stresses in the device.S . . high peak dissipation me aeVlce experIences during the short turn-on interval.IO illustrates the calculation of device dissipation and pulse repetition rate for a particular pulse For given conditions of current rise time.u "Ull~ V1 vU1Luge HI r.

The curves shown in Fig. The current is then small. Fig. ~~ o 4000 I 2 ~ ~ ~ 3 4 5 TJME-~S "'3000 w '" '" ~2000 1 ~ lr Zl o ~ il' 0 Fig. This value is within the rating of 30 watts for the S643 I M at a case temperature Fig. A step-by-step approximate Because the interval of highest dissipation occurs at the beginning of the current pulse. Peak current as a function of maximum repetition rate for square-wave pulse shapes.? .37 24. At higher case temperatures the total dissipation must be decreased. RATE FOR 30W DISSIPATION (CIS) 24. as shown in Fig.9 .25 II:103 W =3. the cathode .70 AVERAGE FORWARD WATTSECOND DISSIPATION DURING 3}'-S TO 4~S INTERVAL: (4-3) 11:10-6 S J. the average forward dissipation is 24.IO are constructed from the curves of Figs. until the junction area in conduction increases to incl ude an appreciable percentage of the total cathode. shape. RATE (Wi MAXIMUM REP.8. In the example shown. and dissipation is limited. For a repetition rate of 1000 pulses per second.5 and 6 by means of a series of readings at different time intervals (delay and fall regions are neglected).25 6. II.87 4.5 0. reduction in the magnitude of current during this time increases the over-all switching capability of the SCR.5-1 1-2 2 3 3 4 4-5 EXAMPLE' TOTAL DISSIPATION FOR ONE PULSE mW-S AVERAGE DISSIPATION AT 1000 CIS REP. 3. the pulse has a peak magnitude of 500 amperes and a base width of 5 microseconds.37 watts for the current pulse specified. By the time the reactor saturates and high pulse current results.18 3. TIME INTERVAL (~SI DISSIPATION FOR INTERVAL mW-S 0-0. The current may be reduced by use of a saturable reactor in the pulse-<iischarge circuit which has sufficient unsaturated volt-second capacity to present a high impedance for one to two microseconds.12 8.25 0.25mW-S of 65°C.Peak current as a function of maximum repetition rate for sine-wave pulse shapes.Maximum permissible current as a function of time after the initiation of turn-on.integral approach is then used to obtain the wattseconds-per-pulse measurements shown in the table.37 1225 1.

. The reverse recovery losses depend upon several factors...... In addition to the power loss in the SCR caused by forward current. The curves in thi s Note do not represent the use of a delayreactor. 7 7 • Maximum average total power c/issipation as a function of case temperature.......... "'~ eo g. reverse-current flow. Fig.. The rate of current spread over the cathode area depends upon several factors.area in conduction is adequate to handle the high current with low dissipation.. the use of a delay reactor to keep forward current low also delays the spread of current to some extent and subtracts from its beneficial effects.... -. FORWARD AND REVERSE LOSSES INCLUDED -... and reverse-voltage amplitude... -.. they can best be evaluated in a working circuit. r---... r---.....••... to effect a compromise between the initial current level and dissipation and the rate of current-density equalization.. . Because reverse losses are circuit-dependent.......... Therefore... such as forward-current amplitude. r---. The maximum benefit can be achieved by reduction of the inductance of the reactor prior to saturation....... or by addition of another impedance in parallel with the reactor. rate of rise of reverse voltage... 100 u -... . ~ 60 •.. one of which is the level of current...... rate of decrease of forward current... .. the total dissipation in the device includes forward and reverse blocking losses and probably reverse recovery losses during the turn-off process..

AC operation of a universal motor is possible cause of the nature of its electrical connections. The control circuits discussed in the following text are typical of the many possible circuits applicable to electric motor control. However. Speed control by use of phase-angle variations is discussed. Universal Mators Many fractional horsepower motors are series-wound "universal" motors.V. Because most domestic applications today require 60-hertz power. the use of these devices in controls for many types of small electric motors has been made economically feasible. The field winding of a universal motor. as shown in Fig. Most universal motors run faster at a given dc voltage than at the same 60hertz ac voltage. Fig. A chart of availableSCR's is shown at the end of the Note. Schematic diagram far a series-waund universal motor.! . so named because of their ability to operate directly from either ac or dc power sources. is in series with the armature and external circuit.1. whether distributed or lumped (salient pole). The controls can be designed to provide good performance. maximum efficiency. in the commercial high-volume market. beAs the . The current through the field winding produces a magnetic field which cuts across the armature conductors. A general description including the typical characteristics of universal motors is given. and the advantages and limitations of each circuit are contrasted. The action of this field in opposition to the field set up by the armature current subjects the individual conductors to a lateral thrust which results in armature rotation. Historically.Application of RCA Silicon Controlled Rectifiers to the Control of Universal Motors by J. universal motors are usually designed to have optimum performance characteristics at this frequency. and high reliability in compact packaging arrangements. Yonushka Silicon controlled rectifiers have been widely accepted in power-control applications in industrial systems where high-performance requirements justify the economics of the application. with the development of a family of SCR's by RCA designed specifically for mass-production economy and rated for 120. the ac source voltage reverses every half-eycle. economic considerations have precluded the use of the SCR. schematic diagrams are given.l is a schematic of this type of motor operated from an ac supply.and 240-volt line operation. Fig.

The starting current is limited only by the impedance of the armature and field windings. In some of the applications described. The current through an operating motor armature depends upon the difference between the impressed voltage (emf) and the counter emf.2. or at no load. Regulation in this instance implies load sensing and compensation of the system to prevent changes in . during the nonconducting half-cycle of an SCR. at "stall" conditions. High starting torque. The current that flows through a universal motor when it is initially energized is large because there is no rotation to generate a counter emf in the armature windings. It would appear. Typical performance characteristic curves for a universal motor are shown in Fig. At very light loads. the starting torque of a universal motor is high because the armature current at starting time is high. The circuits are divided into two classes. adjustable speed characteristics. Fig. a switch may be installed in the half-wave circuits so that the SCR and its related control circuit can be bypassed for fullpower operation. This run-away do~s not occur. Typical performance universal Use of Silicon Controlled curves for a motor. because motors of this type usually offer enough friction and windage loss to limit the maximum attainable no-load speed to a safe val ue.3. The torque developed by a universal motor is a direct result of the magnitude of magnetic-field flux and armature ClU'rent. For an uncompen- sated universal motor. The weakened magnetic-field flux tends to make the motor speed increase even further to prod uce the high counter emf requi red to maintain a small motor current. the t0rque is again high. Because both the magnetic field and armature current are reversed. The small current through the motor also results in a weak magnetic-field flux because it is the current through the field winding that produces the fl ux. because of the large armature current. the rotating armature still produces a counter emf because of the residual magnetism of the field poles. the full-load speed is approximately 60 per cent or less of the no-load speed.2. Because the armature windings are in series with the field windings through the brushes and commutating segments. Rectifiers for Motor Control One of the simplest and most efficient means of varying the impressed voltage to a load on an ac power system is by control of the conduction angle of an SCR placed in series with the load. it is possible under certain operating conditions to vary the impressed voltage and influence operating characteristics of the motor. When a mechan ical load is attached to a universal motor.magnetic field produced by the field winding reverses its direction simultaneously. Because torque and armature current influence the speed of a universal motor. For fixed mechanical loads. and small size are distinct advantages of a universal motor over a comparably rated single-phase induction motor. The speed of a series motor automatically adjusts itself so that the difference between the impressed voltage and the counter emf is sufficient to permit enough current to flow to develop the torque required by the load. the current through the motor must increase to provide the increased torque required by the load. If desired. that universal motors should tend to "run away" at no load. Holf·Wove Control There are many good circuits available for halfwave control of universal motors. This increased difference can only be brought about by a reduction in counter emf derived from a decrease in speed. an increase in the impressed voltage produces a larger armature current and tends to keep the speed constant. the direction of the lateral thrust on the armature windings remains constant. The ratio of peak starting current to peak running current can be as high as 10: 1. their attributes and limitations are described in detail below. For increased mechanical loads. The stall torque of a series motor can be as high as 10 times the continuous rated torque. then. however. the current through a universal motor is small. Typical curves showing the variation of motor speed with SCR conduction angle for both half-wave and full-wave impressed motor voltages are illustrated in Fig. a voltage opposite to the impressed voltage is induced in the individual conductors. In half-wave operation. To maintain a small current through the motor. An increase in the current through the motor requires an increase in the difference between the impressed vol tage and the counter emf. the current through the armature winding also reverses. regulating and non-regulating. As the armature rotates through the magnetic field. Counter emf produced in the armature conductors is therefore proportional to motor speed. the counter emf must be high enough so that only a small difference exists between the impressed voltage and the counter emf. the counter emf of an operating motor is used as a means of providing speed regulation to compensate for changing shaft loads.

1/2 W RCA·2N3669 150 K. The type of regulation provided by each circuit is stated and compared to other circuits.5 A. The control circuit shown in FigA uses the breakdown voltage of a neon lamp as a threshold setting for firing the SCR. The range of conduction angles of this circuit is approximately 30 to 150 degrees. Quick Act 240 V 3A 3 AS. the lamp again reverts to its high-impedance state. the voltage across the phase-shift network reduces to the forward voltage drop of the SCR for the remainder of the half-cycle. motor motor speed. 1/2 W RCA·2N3528' 120 V I A 3 AG. The neon lamp is specifically designed for handling the high-eurrent pulses required to trigger SCR's. At this point. 1. The base current in Q 1 turns on this transistor. resulting in small conduction angles and very slow speed. The discharge of the capacitor from breakdown to maintaining voltage of the neon lamp provides a current pulse of sufficient magnitude to fire the SCR. Fig. F1 CR1 R2 SCR1 D12018 D12018 D12018 D1201D D1201 D D1201D 100 K. Resistor Ra provides turn-on current to the base of Q1 when the voltage across C 1 becomes large enough during the positive half-cycle. When the voltage across capacitor C reaches the breakdown voltage of the neon lamp. The half-wave proportional control circuit shown in FigA is a non-regulating circuit whose function depends upon an RC delay network for gate phase-lag control. 3 A 240 V 7A 3 AS. and C1. 7 A 240 V IA 3 AG. 1. The circuit shown in Fig. Transistor Ql then supplies base FOR CIRCUIT SHOWN IN FICA.3 • Typical performance curves for a universal with phose-angle control.4 • Haff·wave motor control with no regulation. the lamp fires. Fig. Once the SCR has fired.of the neon lamp improves noise rejection and prevents erratic firing of the SCR because of brush noises on the voltage supply lines.5 A. This circuit depends upon the fast switching characteristics of transistors such as those used in the two-transistor regenerative trigger network shown. 1/2 W RCA-2N3228 100 K. 1/2 W RCA·2N3670 . Table I shows components for the circuit of FigA. 3 A 120 V 7A 3 AS. Quick Act 120 V 3A 3 AS. A057B. The phase-shift characteristics are still retained to provide conduction angles less than 90 degrees through the RC network of R1. 5AH. or equiv. and C discharges through the lamp to its maintaining voltage.5 reduces spread in gate turn-on characteristics. The high breakdown voltage TABLE AC SUPPLY I· COMPONENTS AC CURRENT *NE·83. 1/2 W RCA·2N3529 150 K. 7 A 366 100 K. R2. 1/2 W RCA·2N3525 150 K. This circuit is better than simple resistance firing circuits because the phase-shifting characteristics of the RC network permit the firing of the SCR beyond the peak of the impressed voltage.

3 A 240 V 7A 3 AB. Capacitor C 1 discharges through the saturated transistors into the gate of the SCR. 'I" . Fig. it supplies more base current to Ql. When the SCR fires. the maximum conduction angle is approximately 170 degrees. 1. The circuit makes use of the counter emf kemD induced AC SUPPLY TABLE II . 1/2 W RCA·2N3669 150 K. This regenerative action leads to the rapid saturation of transistors Q 1 and Q2. Quick Act 012018 75 K. When Q2 turns on. Quick Act 240 V 3A 3 AB. 1/2 W RCA-2N3525 150 K. Table II shows components for the circuit with various RCA SCR's.5.COMPONENTS AC F1 CURRENT FOR CIRCUIT SHOWN IN FIG. Speed control is accomplished by adjustment of potentiometer R 1. CR1 R1 SCR1 120 V lA 3 AG. 1/2 W RCA-2N3529 150 K.25v current to Q2. 3 A 012018 75 K. 1/2 W 120 V 3A 3 AB.6 shows a fundamental circuit of direct-coupled SCR control with voltage feedback.+ C. 1.5 A.5. the threshold voltage for firing the circuit is approximately 8 volts.5 A. 7 A 012010 012010 RCA-2N3528 . This circuit is highly effective for speed control of universal motors. 1/2 W RCA-2N3228 120 V 7A 3 AB. With component values as shown on the schematic diagram in Fig. 7 A 012018 012010 75 K. the remaining portion of the positive half-cycle of ac power is applied to the motor. 1/2 W RCA-2N3670 240 V I A 3 AG.

the SCR blocks voltage to the motor. If the SCR is fired later in the cycle. Because the counter emf is essentially a characteristic of the motor. The SCR is not able to fire again until the speed of the motor is rcduced (because of friction and windage losses) to a value for which the induced voltage in the rotating armature is less than the gate bias. With a decreasing load. Resistor R7 may range from 0. Fig. 2 W RCA-2N3670 5. and motor speeds are erratic. Rj R2 SCR1 2W I K. the motor operates at high speed because essentially the full rated line voltage is applied to the motor.7 shows a variation of the circuit in Fig. Speed control is accompl ished by adjustment of potentiometer R l' If the SCR is fired early in the cycle. When the bias developed at the gate of the SCR from the potentiometer exceeds the counter emf of the motor. 2 W RCA·2N3529 10 K. At this time the SCR fires again: The motor deceleration occurs over a number of TABLE III • COMPONENTS AC CURREIiT FOR CIRCUIT CRj.5 A.6 K. The basic difference between the two circuits is that the circuit in Fig. The transistors and SCR then conduct later in the cycle. A voltage proportional to the peak current through the motor is developed across the resistor. 7 A 240 V IA 3 AG. and to provide a greater portion of the power cycle to the motor.6 K. the motor speed decreases and thus reduces the counter emf induced in the rotating armature. the average value of voltage applied to the motor is reduced. Because motor current is a function of the motor itself. and a corresponding reduction in motor speed occurs. in the rotating armature because of the residual magnetism in the motor on the half-cycle when the SCR is blocking. The feedback is provided by R7' which is in series with the motor. Because no counter emf is induced in the armature when the motor is standing still. to fire the SCR. With an increasing motor' load. the SCR fires earlier in the cycle and provides increased motor torque to the load. The minimum conduction angle occurs at the peak of the sine wave and is restricted to 90 degrees. 2 W RCA·2N3228 2. 5. The resultant reduction in the average power supplied to the motor causes a reduced torque to the smaller load. 4W 500. 5W I K. The gate-firing circuit is a resistance network consisting of R1 and Rz.7 provides feedback for changing load conditions to minimize changes in motor speed. On the negative half-cycle. the SCR fires. Fig. The counter emf appears as a constant voltage at the motor terminals when the SCR is blocking.6. 1.5 W .cycles when there is no voltage (hence the term ·skip cycling"). This increase in capacitor voltage causes the transistors to conduct earlier in the cycle. 7. Increasing conduction angles occur when the gate bias to the SCR is increased to allow firing at voltage values which are less than the peak value. Circuit values for use with various RCA SCR's are shown in Table III. 1. The counter emf is a function of speed and. 7 A SHOWN Fj 120 V 240 V to the motor. resistor R7 has to be matched with the motor rating to provide optimum feedback for load compensation. The motor is then accelerated to a point at which counter emf induced in the rotating armature excceds the gatc-firing bias of the SCR and prevents the SCR from firing. When the current flowing through R7 increases. Quick Act 120 V 3A 3 AS. CR2 5. AC SUPPLY applied 012010 IN FIG. "skip-cycl ing' operation occurs.5 A. can be used as an indication' of speer: changes as mechanical load varies.6 K. 3 A 120 V 7A 3 AS. the voltage stored on capacitor Cz increases in the positive direction.6 also shows variations of conduction angle with changes in counter emf. This voltage is stored on capacitor Cz through diode CRz. different potentiometer settings are required for comparable operating conditions for different motors. and is of a polarity that causes the bias on the resistance network ofR3 and R4 to change in accordance with the load on the motor.5. 1A 3 AG. When a load is applied to the motor.1 ohm for At no load and at the low-speed control setting. 5W I K.2 W RCA-2N3669 10 K. 2 W RCA-2N3528 2W I K. AC power is then applied to the motor for the remaining portion of the positive half-cycle. With a reduced counter emf. the SCR fires at low bias settings. During the positive half-cycle of the source voltage. the speed tends to decrease. The voltage applied to the gate of the SCR is a sine wave because it is derived from the sine-wave line voltage. therefore. a fraction of the voltage is developed at the center-tap of the potentiometer and is compared with the counter emf developed in the rotating armature of the motor. Quick Acl 012018 012018 012018 012010 3 AS. This decrease in motor speed causes more current to flow through the motor armature and field windings. the motor current decreases and the voltage stored by capacitor Cz decreases.7 K. 3 A 012010 240 V 3A 7A 3 AS. 2 W RCA-2N3525 500.

Fl CRl R] SCRl 012018 012018 75 K. Because the SCR gate circuits are completely isolated from each other. or equiv. As Rz decreases from Control This section discusses the application of SCR's to full-wave motor control. Circuit values for use with various RCA SCR's are shown in Table IV.COMPONENTS AC CURRENT A ~~~!ALJE~ MOTOR VOLTAGE .8 . ••... 1. IN FIG.. 1/2 W RCA-2N3228 75 K. 7 A 369 012018 D12010 D12010 012010 .V CAPACITOR/"'\. 1/2 W RCA-2N3669 150 K. 1/2 W RCA-2N3670 120 V IA 3 AG. Two SCR's are usually required to provide full-wave control. 5AH. a small pulse transformer is utilized for isolation. ac phase shifting and neon triggering are used to provide gate phaseangle control. vices is avoided. There is a hysteresis effect associated with this circuit because C1 charges to alternate positive and negative values.5 A. Full-Wave regenerative triggering with regulation.0 ohm for smaller types.Full-wave FOR CIRCUIT SHOWN motor control with no regulation. 1/2 W RCA-2N3525 150 K. A very simple SCR full-wave proportional control circuit is shown in Fig. or equiv. 3 A 120 V 7A 3 AS. 3 A 240 V 7A 3 AS. VOLTAGE~ - /-~ < ' /"'\. Again.MOTOR ~VOLTAGE C1 VOLTAGE '/ '. Fig. Quick Act 240 V 3A 3 AS. Tl .•.Better Coil and Transformer Co. the cross-talk problem usually associated with gate firing circuits using transformer coupling and bi-directional trigger deTABLE AC SUPPLY IV . V I ~ <.5 A.. Quick Act 120 V 3A 3 AS. 1/2 W RCA-2N3528 75 K. 1/2 W RCA-2N3529 150 K. Type 99A16.S.Half.7 .' GATE CURRENT LIGHT LOAD Fig.'-&':>. 7 A 240 V lA 3 AG.7. A057B.•. 1. *NE-83.wave GATE CURRENT HEAVY LOAD motor control using two-transistor larger-size universal motors to 1. The circuit provides a symmetrical output for both Iralves of the ac input voltage because the same electrical components are used in the phasing network for both SCR gates.

10 A 1 K. the conduction angles may be varied from 5 to 170 degrees. R7 must be matched with the motor rating to provide optimum feedback for load compensation. C 1 charges from a lower positive potential and allows the neon lamp to fire earlier in the cycle. tive potential at the anode. For 60-hertz operation. 100V RCA·2N3528 3 AS.2 A.47 JLF. When the switching trans istors are on and saturated.47 JLF. 2W 0.22 JLF. When SCR2 fires. the capacitor discharges through CR 2. If the potentiometer resistance R2 is increased. this larger range is more desirable when higher power is to be controlled. II2 W 0. The threshold point of the transistor circuit can be changed by varying the value of R3. Resistor R7 may range from 0. IW 25 K. Ratings Fig. An ac potential impressed upon th is phase-shifting network eliminates skip-cycling at low conduction angles. CR3.0 ohm for smaller types. the remaining portion of the half-eycle is applied to the load.9.9 shows a full-wave control circuit that has increased conduction-angle capability. at the maximum conduction angle. On the negative halfcycle. II2 W 0. the powerdissipation abilities of an SCR. F] R] R2 C1 SCR1. Table VII gives a component list for use of this circuit with various SCR's. Maximum temperature ratings usually depend on the use of a heat sink of a particular size at a prescribed ambient or case temperature. and CR4 rectifies the ac voltage developed across C 1 and provides the switching transistors with dc voltage. and the primary of transformer T 1 to the maintaining voltage of the neon lamp. the heat generated within the device must be balanced by the flow of heat to the heat sink and the ambient air. SCR2 3 AG. If more heat is generated within the SCR than can be dissipated by the case and the heat sink. causing damage to the SCR pellet. the other SCR turns on. 100V RCA·2N3529 240 V 5A 3 AS. the pulse formed by C1 and T1 fires that SCR with a posi- AC SUPPLY AC CURRENT 120V 1. II2 W 50 K. The bridge network of CR1. 100V RCA·2N3670 370 . When the SCR fires. 10 A I K. capacitor C 1 discharges through them into the primary of T l' Because both SCR's receive the same gate polarity pulse. 2W 0. when the charge on C 1 has reached the breakdown potential of the neon lamp. The current pulse formed by the discharge of C 1 is coupled by T 1 into the gate of SCR1. II2 W 50 K. On the alternate half-cycle. the junction temperature increases and forward blocking capabilities are lost. 5 A I K. Under steady-state conditions. the voltage across the control circuit drops to the forward voltage val ue of the SCR. the SCR's fire at a reduced conduction angle and the hysteresis effect is produced. 2W 0. The main cause of heat within an SCR operating at 60 hertz is the forward current and voltage drop during conduction.1 ohm for larger-size universal motors to 1. and C 1 permits the variation of conduction angles from minimum to maximum.5 A 120V 5A 120V lOA 240 V 1. QuickAct 25 K. Table VI shows the component chart for use of the circuit with various SCR's. the transformer characteristics are not critical because the magnitude and shape of the current firing pulse are determined primarily by the charge on the capacitor and the characteristics of the neon lamp. 100V RCA·2N3228 3 AS. 1W 50 K.22 JLF.its maximum value. The phase-shift network composed of R l' R2. consequently. Operation is similar to that of the circuits discussed previously except that this circuit has full-wave conduction with proportional control.22 JLF. 100V RCA·2N3525 240 V 10 A 3 AS. Conduction angles obtained with this circuit vary from 30 to 150 degrees. C 1 charges to a higher voltage on each half cycle. IW 50 K. the voltage impressed upon the load (universal motor) is approximately 95 per cent of the input rms voltage.7. CR2. the lamp. allowing C 1 to discharge. 100V RCA·2N3669 I K. the threshold voltage required to fire the transistor circuit is approximately 8 volts. 4W 0. 5 A 1 K. When the positive half-eycle voltage on C 1 reaches the breakdown potential of the neon lamp. An SCR full-wave circuit designed for applications requiring feedback for compensation of load changes is shown in Fig. as In the circuit of Fig. An increase in heat-sink size to maintain the balance between heat generated and heat dissipated assures reliable performance of the SCR. allowing C 1 to discharge to the maintaining voltage of the lamp through CR 1 and the lamp into the gate of SCR2. Variations in conduction angle are accomplished by changing the setting of R 2' In this circuit. With the component values shown in Fig. QuickAct I K.22 JLF. II2 W 3 AG.ro.5 A and Limitations Package size and environment limit the voltage and current capabilities and. Again. the lamp fires. Under these conditions the SCR may break down thermally in the reverse direction. 2 A. On the next half-cycle. Circuit values for use with various RCA SCR's are shown in Table V.

5 A 3 AG. 10 A 120 V lOA 240 V 1. The current ratings for the circuits using the 2N3528 and 2N3529 SCR's are based upon measurements made with these devices mounted by their electrical leads with the package in free air.6K II2W R2 CR. CR. V2 W RCA·2N3529 5A 3 AS. TYPE D120lA TYPE DI20lA R5 '50 1/2W C.9.R. Quick Act 75 K. In chassis mounting the package housing and heat sink can be insulated from the chassis by a mica washer. I. V2 W RCA-ZN3228 3 AS. The current ratings for the circuits using the other SCR types are based upon measurements made with the SCR's mounted on an aluminum heat sink having an equivalent dimension of 3 by 3 by 1/16 inches.te heat sink or on a metal chassis.5 A 240 V 240 V ongle F] RZ SCRI. Quick Act 150 K. 5 A 75 K. AC SUPPLY AC CURRENT 120 V 1. 2 A.9. " R. V2 W RCA·2N3669 3 AG. as shown in Fig. 5 A 150 K. Full-wave CR2 CR4 TYPE DI20lA TYPE DI20lA motor control with no regulation in w' ich the conduction can be varied from 5 to 180 degrees. The use of silicone grease or other similar material between the SCR housing and the heat sink provides a better thermal contact and more efficient heat dissipation. 10 A 150 K. TABLE VI • COMPONENTS The SCR can be mounted on a single-plo. If heat dissipation is critical. SCRZ 75 K.F IOOV Fig. 1/2 W RCA-2N3670 ..1l. 2 A. 5. a finned heat sink should FOR CIRCUIT SHOWN IN FIG. V2 W RCA·2N3525 10 A 3 AS. V2 W RCA-2N3528 120 V 5A 3 AS.

these current values should not be exceeded. and indicates that the power input to the motor is twice the power delivered to the load. This figure. the rms input current becomes: .. / / VII .5 A. Nameplate data for some universal motors are given in developed horsepower to the load. Quick Act RCA-l N 2860 50 K. 1. 7 A RCA-l N 1204A 100 K. it may stall and cause heavy current flow through the SCR. 1. CR3. and motor overload and stall performance have been considered and He reflected in the current ratings shown for the circuits in this Note. fuse ratings should be carefully observed and 1imited to the types and val ues indicated in the tables accompanying the circuits in this Note.CR2.CR2 TYPE Ol20lA MOTOR ~VOLT. In any case. 1/2 W RCA-2N3528 120 V 3A 3 AS.j R] 120 V ] A 3 AG. 1/2 W RCA-2N3529 240 V 3A 3 AS. With this figure of merit and the input voltage Vac' the rms input current to the motor can be calculated as follows: mechanical horsepower x 746 Practical heat sinks. lowspeed heavy-load conditions should be allowed to exist for only a few seconds to prevent possible circuit damage. 3 A RCA-lNl204A 100K. 7 A RCA-lNl202A 50 K.GE Cl VOLTAGE TABLE AC SUPPLY \ / " •.5 A. COMPONENTS AC CURRENT F l FOR CIRCUIT SHOWN IN FIG. 0. available fuse characteristics. For this reason.lO. CR.5 Vac For an input voltage of 120 volts. Heat-sink size may be reduced in any application if moving air can be provided at the SCR mounting site. Quick Act RCA-l N 2862 100 K. 3 A RCA-l N l202A 50 K. Internal motor losses are taken into cons ideration by assigning a figure of merit. 1/2 W RCA·2N3228 120 V 7A 3 AS.5. represents motor operation at 50-per-eent efficiency. packaging. 1/2 W RCA-2N3669 240 V 1A 3 AG. 1/2 W RCA·2N3670 be used. CRl. This mechanical designation can be converted into its electrical current equivalent through the following procedure.1/2W RCA·2N3525 240 V 7A 3 AS. If a universal motor is operated at low speed under a heavy mechanical load. 0.

the rms input current becomes: universal motors that have calculated rms current exceeding the values given in the tables. The circuits will accommodate universal motors with ratings up to 3/4 horsepower at 120 volts input and up to 1-112 horsepower at 240 volts input.For an input voltage of 240 volts. .

.

8-ohm load. than be used current to determine current in a thyristor when a specified to be delivered angles to 10. for conduction 1. leads. is Note presents as some its period greater determined of the device. charts full-wave current angles Examples in the design dc. the device. respectively. of load current they are and voltage ratios. For the peak or rms average current a given part of the to work backwards current use 10.[Kl(]3LJD Thyristors Application Note Solid State Division AN-3551 Circuit Factor Charts for RCA Thyristor Applications (SCR's and Triacs) by B. it is first 1. This J. and 3 can example. it represents the maximum value that the current can obtain and corresponds to the peak Ipk is the current of the sine which appears wave. single-phase a single-phase tive load. full-wave half-wave These circuit for a load. charts of these ac. This application requires· a load current which can be varied from 2 to 25 amperes. Roman In the design triacs). using and firing circuits. In the single-phase half-wave an SCR is used to control curve as a function is used of the use of the curves circuit to of two of the shown power from a sinusoidal are in Fig. It is necessary to determine the range of conduction angles required to obtain this range of load current. as well smaller The for half- conduction. The values of the parameters fixed by the circuit specifications are then obtain determined. Neilson and to main- ratio is the in a par- calculation of rms current at various conduction angles when it is necessary to determine the power delivered to a load. and determine and voltage For conduction Ipk is equal than curves tain waveforms for the various circuits are also included. resistive For use of these curves. 90 degrees. values Although conventional difficult angle the calculations the current conduction angle and specific flowing are readily because the (SCR's the values rectifiers. number of ways to calculate they can be used Ipkis smaller desired conduction period. angles are of half- and three-phase of forward than 90degrees. Examples given to illustrate their versatility. of both thyristors to determine and rms current these for thyristors functions using necessary of peak. RCA thyristors. or bus bars. ac source of J 20 volts rms (170 volts peak) into a 2. Current. The peak current at the thyristor during necessary to identify the unknown or desired parameter. and 3 show current-ratio curves half-wave SCR circuit with resistive SCR or triac and a three-phase load. of Figs. This reference current 10 is a constant of the circuit equal to the peak source voltage Vpk divided by the load resistance RL. for of circuits it is often through ratios are ratios and more become the firing functions given of the full-wave wave circuits that SCR and triac use show several of conduction of the basic wave. Current as curves of per-cent ripple in load current and voltage. Although equally the curves useful represent for calculation device currents. J. motors. or power losses in transformers. during It is also possible the necessary a specified ticular to a load period Another values. 2. 2. M. Ratio Curves Figs. 4. in a of conduction peak-to-average application. average. . the and unknown the quantity appropriate fixed parameters. with resis- SCR circuit curves relate with average current Iavg' rms current Irms' and peak current Ipk to a reference current 10.

Io~CId8 7 .SCR or triac wave current conduction ratios for single-phase. . as to I0 is then calculated Fig. with resistive load.SCR current circuit for the maximum and minimum load-current requirements.1= 10 DEFINITIONS: (OO~8c~t800) sin8c IOVg=t. 5 shows a circuit in which a triac is used to control the power to a 20-ohm resistive load. 1: ec ec Full-Wave Fig. as follows: The conduction angles corresponding to the ratios then be determined by use of curve 3 in Fig. ratios for three-phase with resistive half-wave load. 2 . 3 . full- AC Triac can max = 1060 min = 150 Circuit Fig.SCR current ratios conduction The follows: The reference for single-phase.-v. calculated. with resistive current ratio of rms current 10 is first Irms half-wave load. It is desired to find the range of conduction angles the gate circuit must be capable of supplying to provide continuous variation in load power between 5 and 97 percent of the full power which the load could dra.

current ratios the required : 0.ms/Io Because the : 5. Full-Wave triac angle This with DC SCR or Triac can be varied variation is a simple within between 35 the range trigger-diode type !8lftCA j IN249C I Circuit '.3/8. the calculated Fig.. 6 .695 5 is a full-wave are used cir- in curve conduction 3 of angles: Thus./ /h. J IS corresponding ratios _ . full-wave current and voltage thyristor circuits waveforms with for single- resistive load. . which can be obtained of gate circuit.and 97-per-cent power points are as follows: Ps : 36 watts P 97 : 698 watts DEVICE VOLTAGE The rms current to each P s/RL The reference V 36/20 : is given current : 1. 6 shows several different SCR circuits and a circuit which can be used to supply a constant dc output to a variable 64 volts rms. 2 to determine (amperes) shown (amperes) in Fig.12 and 1..5 amperes for the 5.ms/Io : 1.12 L p=~ load the load OHMS : V peak Full average while 0.conduction current ~$~'VV'v 20 resistance The angle required at a constant varies to maintain value between reference are calculated of load resistance. currents and minimum values the of 30 amperes 20 5. 64 R power P is given by V the V2__ 750 amperes . I. DEVICE \ /CURRENT /_/_-_t\ "'} \.' rms as follows: 8.153 : 0.80 ohms. for maximum as follows: 0.. I.5 circuit cuit.]/-~ Fig. the load power is continuously variable from 5 to 97 per cent of full load if the gate circuit is constructed so that and the conduction 150 degrees._y/-f\.5 at 97%.•.. load It is desired resistance with to determine an ac input the variation of in Fig. mln 1202 2 RL Therefore.9/8.Typical phase.-"".and 97-per-cent power levels then become at 5%...3 amperes 10 is determined 120 xV2 20 The current point __ by \ .

7 amperes In this type of circuit. The load power P. therefore.49 for I3 f I 300 o DEVICE VOL rAGE 85V PEAK FORWARD.49) (28) = I=s min = (0.ms = 0. as follows: Fig. 8. is given by first. hoff-wave SCR circuit with resistive load. are then used to determine the range of rms current in the SCR's. half-wave circuit that uses three SCR's. It is desired to determine the resulting variation in the attainable load power.Typical current and voltage waveforms for threephase.Vi__ 50 amperes 64 1. the firing angle can be varied continuously from 30 to 145 degrees. Again. In this application. half-wave circuits are shown in Fig. the current ratios are given by In other words. 2: Fig. together with the reference current. For the specified firing angles. the load power can be varied continuously from 27 to 1700 watts.80 The ratios of lavg to 10 for an average load current of 30 amperes are then calculated as follows: DEVICE VOLTAGE WAVEFORM FOR BF:45° The conduction angles corresponding to these two ratios can then be obtained from curve 5 in Fig. 3.7 amperes 1. Current and voltage waveforms for SCR's in threephase. the rms load current is equal to the rms SCR current multiplied by the square root of three. 7 shows a three-phase. 147 V PEAK REvERSE These ratios. . The range of load power can then be determined follows: as 28 amperes Current ratios at the extremes of the firing range are determined from Fig. the reference current 10 is calculated as follows: VLpeak RL 85 __ 3 I.ms max = (0. 8 . I.06) (28) = 13.

..."... single-phase full-wave. HALF -WAVE f-- - f-- - I- - CD '-{ 1/ ...... ir \ Ir \.. RIPPLE" 0 I ISO Fig. Fig. '00 B0 0 YRMS RIPPLE 2 .... r---. 9 shows per-cent ripple in load current and voltage for single-phase half-wave. . . ® ... FULL-WAVE THREE ..Output ripple in thyristor circuits as a function of conduction and firing angles. "< . SINGLE-PHASE...~ . (VRMS RIPPLE) VAIIG 1.Per-Cent Ripple in Lood The choice of a rectifier circuit for a particular application often depends on the amount of rectifier "ripple" (undesired fluctuation in the dc output caused o \' o ~ 30 cr 20 0 ~ ~ 0.100 0/. .~ "\ by an ac component) that can be tolerated in the application.PHASE... I I I " "" I 165 I 150 I \.......... HALF -WAVE --. I 75 .. and three-phase half-wave thyristor circuits..5 60 105 120 135 90 CONDUCTION ANGLE (Bel-DEGREES I I I I I I I 75 135 '20 105 90 60 45 FIRING ANGLE (8fl-DEGREES ISO 150 165 I ! I 30 15 0 9 ..•....jI/RMS2 -VAVG2 0 -t.....--1- tJr/INGLE-PHASE.

A high initial diode surge CUlTent IS occurs because the capacitor acts as a short circuit when power is first applied. and the load resistance is determined on the basis of the output voltage and current requirements. and affects the average. the output voltage and current.OOm3LJD Thyristors Application Note Solid State Division AN-3659 Application of RCA Silicon Rectifiers To Capacitive Loads When rectifiers are used in capacitive-load circuits. Design of Capacitor-Input Circuits In the design of a rectifier circuit. The ripple requirements are satisfied by use of a capacitor to shunt the load RL. The transformer and the type of rectifier to be used are selected by the designer. the low silicon rectifiers may result in rent when the capacitive load though the generator or source forward voltage drop of a very high surge of curis first energized. and remains off until EC is again equal to E (point A). 1. 1 for half-wave circuit. The diode turns off at the peak E sinsusoidal input voltage (E Eo peak input voltage Eavg average output vol tage input frequency u. This deviation is most evident for the peak-to-average current ratio. peak. The waveforms for this circuit indicate that the voltage across the capacitor F.t) (Hz) angular frequency per second) of input (u. Y2 for doubler circuit. Typical design examples are given. This Note describes a simplified rating system which allows designers to calculate the characteristics of capacitive-load rectifier circuits quickly and accurately. The turn on point ton is determined by the time constant RL C." coincides with the supply voltage E when the rectifier is conducting in the forward direction. which is somewhat higher than that for a resistive load. as shown in Fig. As stated above. Table I defines the symbols used in the equations and calculations. Because of the variation in current wavesh<lpes. Alimpedance may be high . The effect of the addition of a series limiting resistance to such circuits and the importance of the ratio of the limiting resistance to capacitive reactance are described. = Eo sin u. and the ripple and regulation requirements are usually specified. the input voltage. and output-ripple considerations are discussed. and rms currents through the device. 2 for full-wave circuit peak current through rectifier current through rectifier of the curve (pointO). calculations of ratings for capacitive-load circuits are generally more complicated and time-consuming than those for resistive-load rectifier circuits. and curves of rectifier current ratios are presented as functions of the effective ratio. the rectifier current waveforms may deviate considerahly from their true sinusoidal shape. = 2 time counted from beginning RS limiting resistance RL load resistance 1Tf radians of cycle C load capacitance 10 absolute Ipk actual peak current through rectifier Irms root-mean-squafe Iavg average current through rectifier n charge factor.

•...C.Fig. '" 8 6 "...1\.•.. ~~ r--- ~ <1~-<> J'\1q/ r-..3 . waveforms. ~ "" -1-..... showing use of capacitor and resulting Fig. maximum surge current occurs if the circuit is switched on when the input voltage is near its peak value. 0: ~IOO "" ~ z 8 4 ::> <> z '" 10 .. With a capacitive load.! . Fig.. 3 shows surge rating charts for diffused junction slack rectifiers CR I and CR2... ideally. <Il SURGE RATING FOR/" CRI of Limiting Resistance The value of resistance required to protecl the rectifier is calculated from the surge rating chart for lhe particular device used." 6 .Surge-rating chart used for calculation limiting resistance.. . to keep the surge within device ratings. The magnitude of RS required in a particular circuit is calculated as described below.2 show that the capacitor voltage EC is no longer coincident with the steady state supply voltage E during any part of the cycle. The sum of the additional limiting resistance plus the source resistance is referred to as the total limiting resistance RS' The ratio of RS to capacitive reactance 11 wC is an important consideration in capacitor-input rectifier circuits. 0: 0: " z-. of input voltage. .... <Il 0: ~ " <14. showing tance.2 to shunt .." ~ 4 Z Calculation resis- waveforms. RS should be much smaller than 11 ". . 0: ::> <Il .. the peak current is equal to the peak input voltage Eo divided by the limiting resistance Rs' and the resulting surge Is approximates an exponentially decaying current with the time constant RSC. in some cases additional resistance must be added to the generator-rectifiercapacitor loop..1.. Each point on the curves defines a surge rating by indicaling the maximum time for which the device can safely carry a specific value of rms current.as follows: IS = (Eo/RS) exp (-1IRSC) (1) . When the time constant RSC of the surge loop is much smaller than the period of the 1< q "'" ~ SURGE RATING FOR CR2 "-. '< 8 " 6 4 af limiting addition and resulting "'" " I Fig.. The waveforms in Fig. as shown in Fig..2..Circuit enough to protect the rectifier.•.Circuit the load. "'" -:c ~ ::::--.

3 and intersects the CR2 rating curve at 5. Therefore. The ratios of peak-ta-average current and rms-toaverage current are shown in Fig. 3 and is found to intersect the CR J rating curve at 2.4 x 10-4 second.7 x 10 -4 . 4 shows a half-wave rectifier circuit that has a 6o-Hz frequency and a peak input voltage Eo of 4950 volts.5. R > 5Ax 10-4 S10-5 100 The following examples illustrate described for calculating the limiting quired in a particular circuit. nns. A much more direct process is to use the currentrelationship charts shown in Figs. 5. The values of Eo and C are substituted in Eq. Actual calculation of rectifier current is a rather lengthy process. (3) to obtain an equation which relates the nns surge current lrms to surge duration t. Fig. The minimum limiting resistance which affords adequate surge protection is then calculated as follows: RSC 22. f circuit = (E 60 Hz).5 x 10 -6) This value is then plotted on the surge-rating chart of Fig. Because RsC is equal to t. \6 for doubler circuits. This equation may then be plotted on the surge rating chart.(3) to obtain the value of Irmst. and matching of circuit parameters with rectifier ratings.(3l. and the quantity RS/RL is the ratio of limiting resistance to load resistance. the equation for the time constant is given by RSC 2.0086 ~mst Irms t Calculation x 10-4 R 2. (2. = 3500 V rms. 2.0266 This value is then plotted on Fig.Half-wove Eo rectifier = 3820 V. any given value of Rs defines a specific time t.1: Fig. The factor n is referred to as the "charge factor" and is simply a multiplier which allows the chart to be used for various circuit configurations. f rectifier 3820 V. the circuit has adequate surge-current protection for the rectifiers.4 . C OHMS the procedure resistance re- IOfo'F EpEAK 50000 OHMS 100 IOflF OHMS No.7 x 10-4 second. The quantity wCRL is the ratio of resistive-to-capacitive reactance in the load. or vice versa. Thesecurves can be readily used to find peak or nns current if the average current is known. It is equal to unity for half-wave circuits. . Voltage-doubler Eo = 0.4 x 10-4 The values for Eo and C specified by the circui t design are used in Eq. However. selection of components. RS must be large enough to make this point fall below the rating curve.108 ohms S 2. and peak currents.7 (4950) = 0. 6 as functions of the circuit constants nu.7 = circuit = (E 60 Hz). 6 and 7. (These values actually represent the relative quantity of charge delivered to the capacitor on each cyclel. as follows: RL Example Fig.CRL and RS/nRL. and hence a specific point on the plot of Eq. These waveforms are needed for calculations of circuit parameters. of Rectifier Current The design of rectifier circuits using capacitive loads often requires the determination of rectifier current waveforms in terms of average.AN-3659 proxlmated ---------------------------------by the following equations: Irms t = 0. and 2 for full-wave circuits.5 x 10-6 Because the value given for RS is 150 ohms.

w I 10-1 4 6 8I EFFECTIVE Fig.6 2 8 2 . the calculation of rectifier current is even more simplified by the use of Fig.c. 7 merely indicates a higher peak and higher rms current than will actually flow in the circuit.6 should be used. 8 100 %Rs/nRL=O. Average output voltage Eavg is another important quantity because it can be used to find average output current.. The relations between input and output vol tages for half-wave. 80 . and full-wave circuits Fig.9 .10 nwCRL 10 I 10 10 lJi1fIt J] I I 10' 8 6 4 .:.Relation currents of peak.8 .. 'i' "-~ 6 8 " fi''" Fig. 200 180 . 40 0 w w In many silicon rectifier circuits.6 50 r . Although these curves were originally calculated for vacuum-tube rectifiers.input alternating in half-wave peak voltage cap- circuits. 60 U w 14 2 I 2 .Forward-current ratios for rectifiers in capacitor-input circuits in which the limiting resistance is much less than 71 (. In such circuits. voltage-doubler. 8. the rectifiers will operate more conservatively than calculated.9. 6 8 . Even if this condition is not fully satisfied.Relation to direct of applied output voltage voltage doubler alternating peak in capacitor-input circuits. average. which gives current ratios under the limitation that RS/RL approaches zero. This simplified solution can be used whenever a rough approximation or a quick check is needed on whether a rectifier will fit the application. ~ 70 . voltage .. respectively...7 RATIO 4 6 ~o OF RESISTIVE 4 68102 2 TO CAPACITIVE 4 68103 2 IMPEDANCE(n 4 100 "' 68104 " •••CRl 80 .. Fig. S u '" z " U 160 1il => 0 '" "'" ~ 140 > 120 I 0 f'"i' 0 . 2 . " 30 20 10 0 01 Fig.02 l""o- 2 30 100 I I are given in Figs.8 . When more exact information is needed. RS may be completely neglected when compared with the magnitude of RL. in capacitor-input ond rms rectifier circuits.. as a result. the use of Fig. 7.. Output ripple is shown in Fig. and 10. 11 for all three circuits.Relation to direct of applied output voltage acitor. they are equlllly applicable to silicon rectifier circuits.

000 - This percentage is then used in conjunction with Fig.5 01 I 2 10 The values given above are then plotted in Fig.7 = (3.4) (24. 6.Relation of applied alternating peak voltage to direct output voltage in full-wave capacitor-input circuits.5 x 10-6) w CRL = 186% Eavg (1.7 Irms = (5.7) (24. and the exact value of rms current in the rectifier is determined.0. CRL Exact solution: follows: = = (2 n) (60) (10-5) (50. and the rms current is calculated as follows: Irmllavg Irms = 3. Both exact and approximate solutions are given for each example. 6: The ratio <:i Rs to R L must first be calculated as follows: The values given above are then plotted in Fig. 7 and the approximate rms current is determined.5 15 Eavl 6 8 % RS/RL~ 20 Eo 98% W. as given by Iavg E/RL Iavg 4950/200.2) Simplified solution using Fig.000) 189 '" 94 The ratio of Rs to RL is determined as ~_ % R L 100 x 100% 50.000) 189 Exact solution using Fig. 8 to determine average output voltage and average output current. 6.3: For the half-wave circuit of Fig.000 ~-'IO . CRL ~ o n u.4 Irms (4. as follows: . the resistive-to-capacitive reactance is determinedasfollows: w &0' ~ wCRL 1 u.2 milliamperes This val ue of Iavg is then substituted in the ratio of Irmllavg obtained from Fig. the resistive-to-capacitive reactance is found to be: Eav/Eo Iavg Iavg w CRL = (2 n )(60) (2. 9. PARAMETER A":'5s. and Eavg and Iavg are determined as follows: The following examples illustrate the use ofFigs.'RL .7) (142) = 525 milliamperes . 4.8 through 11 in rectifier-current calculations. as follows: Irml Fig. 10 . 5. ::iO-iO ----30 Iavg 4.4: For the doubler circuit of Fig.7) = 141 milliamperes Example No. as follows: 12.98) Eavg = = Iavg Iavg (4950) Eavl 4850 volts RL = 4850/200.7 milliamperes This value of Iavg is then substituted in the ratio of Irms/lavg obtained from Fig.000 24. ---0.000 = 7100 volts 142 milliamperes (200. Example No. 7: Average output current is approximately equal to peak input voltage divided by load resistance.1 o w = 107 milliamperes Irms/lavg = 5.-01 ! ~ 10_ --10 -~IO __ 3D A ~ ~ = 24.86) (3820) = Eav/RL = 7100/50.05 0..

12 also give more conservative ratings because they predict a lower value for the maximum permissible ambient temperature. the simplified solution in both examples predicted a higher rms current than the actual value: about 32 per cent higher in Example No.4. illustrate Example No. « E CR' 11000 z I- 1600 ~ CR2 1400~ OJ CR' ~ 800 ::> CR4 u ~ 600 « '"~ 400 z CR6 CR5 1 OJ 1200 ~ 1000 a 800 ~ CR7 600 ~ x" ":~:> 200 400 x « 200 " " o 0 -80 -60 -40 -20 0 AMBIENT Fig.57 because this value current for such service u. 12 for rectifiers. when the ratio of peak-to -average current becomes higher (as with capacitive loads). 7.8) = 734 (153) milliamperes As previously noted. far « . and the approximate value was 141 milliamperes.7: If the higher values of TInS current given by the simplified solution are used instead of the actual currents.5: For the half-wave circuit of Fig. 12 shows that the circuit may be operated up to 880 C ambient temperature. and the rms cur- = 4.000 This value is then plotted is determined as follows: Irm/Iavg Irms = 153 milliamperes in Fig. Example No.Current silicon 20 40 60 80 100 140 TEMPERATURE-oC as a function rectifier the use of the of temperature stacks. the rms rating curves of Fig. For example.8 = (4. The amount of error involved depends on both UJ CRL and Rs/RL. However. In most technical data for rectifiers. the capacitive-load ratings should be obtained from a curve of rms current as a function of temperature. j unction heating effects become more and more dependent on rms current rather than average current. Therefore. is the ratio of rms-ta-average (as shown by Irm/Iavg at low An example of this conversion the rating curves of seven stack The following examples rms current ratings. The rms ratingcurve in Fig.CRL in Figs.5. 12 shows that the CR7 may carry up to 107 mil· liamperes at ambient temperatures up to 1150C.3 that the actual rms current in the rectifier is 107 milliamperes. the currentversus-temperature ratings are gi ven in terms of average current for a resistive load with GO-Hz sinusoidal input vol tage. G and 7). the actual rms current was determined to be 525 milliamperes. The average current-rating curves for a sinusoidal source and resistive load may be converted to rms-rating curves simply by multiplying the current axis by 1. it was found in Example No. 4.Simplified solution: by The average output current is given lavg = 2E/RL Iavg = (2 x 3820)/50. 3 and 40 per cent higher in Example No. Example No. 72 . The !'Ins rating curve for the CR6 in Fig.6: For the doubler circuit of Fig. is shown in Fig. These current values correspond to a maximum ambient temperature rating of 1150C by the exact solution and 1100C by the approximate solution. for the half-wave circuit the exact rms current was found to be 107 milliamperes.

the cost of the system. The current can then be increased through the triac with only a small increase in voltage across the device. In quadrant I. The triac m QUADRANT MAIN TERMINAL NEGATIVE 2 ONSTAT[/ Gate Characteristics When a trigger current is applied to the gate terminal of a triac. If the voltage across the main terminals of the triac is reversed. the triac is capable of switching from the OFF state to the ON state for either polarity of voltage applied to the main terminals. When used for ac power control.2. called the holding current. a point is reached. emphasis has been placed upon limiting the complexity of the circuits involved. improve performance. triacs are readily adaptable for the control of power to any equipment being operated directly from ac power lines. Thus. When a positive voltage is applied to main terminal No. as shown by the curve iJl quadrant I. The triac remains in the ON state until the current through the main terminals drops below a value. A triac can perform the functions of two SeR's for full-wave operation and can easily be triggered in either direction to simplify gate circuits. YONUSHKA In the control of ac power by means of semiconductor devices. This Note describes triac operating characteristics and provides guidance in the use of triacs for specific applications. the same switching action occurs as shown by the curve in quadrant III. Principal Voltage-Current Characteristic then reverts again to the high-impedance or OFF state. the voltage on main terminal No. I and 2. Diagram Fig. 2 is positive with respect to main terminal No. I shows the principal voltage-current characteristic of a triac.by J. the voltage on main terminal No. and provide maximum efficiency and high reliability. This curve shows the current through the triac as a function of the voltage applied between main terminals Nos. I. all of these goals can be achieved. the breakover voltage is reduced. which cannot maintain the breakover condition.2 is negative with respect to main terminal No. Because they are rated for 120-volt and 240volt line operation. triacs add new functions to many designs. in quadrant III. With the development of the bidirectional triode thyristor. V. After the triac is triggered. at which the device switches from a high-impedance state to a low-impedance state. commonly known as the triac. called the breakover voltage V BO. I. the current flow through the main terminals is independent of the gate signal and the triac remains in the ON state until the principal current is reduced below the . and the over-all package size.

2 with respect to main terminal No. 3 and uses a trigger diode in series with the gate of a triac to minimize the variations in gate trigger characteristics. The trigger diode conducts when the voltage on the capacitor reaches the diode breakover voltage. Initial gate current flows into the gate terminal. the increase in leakage current makes it easier for the device to be triggered by a gate signal. 2 illustrates the triggering mechanism and current flow within a triac. the initial gate current flow is shown by the dotted arrow. The resulting inrush current is approximately 12 times the normal operating current of the lamp. The simplest circuit that can be used for light-dimming applications is shown in Fig. I. Because of the polarities indicated between the main terminals. for the other three operating modes. When ac source voltages are used. the principal current flows through the pnpn structure as shown by the solid arrow. the gate becomes more sensitive in all operating modes as the junction temperature increases. Because the light output of an incandescent lamp depends upon the voltage impressed upon the lamp filament. and ". main terminal No. the polarity of the voltage on main terminal No. Changes in the resistance in series with the capacitor change the conduction angle of the triac. The triac. Therefore. a triac must be able to withstand the inrush current of the lamp load. Conversely. changes in the lamp voltage vary the brightness of the lamp. Le. across the junction into the n-type layer. This resistor may be eliminated if the potentiometer can withstand the peak charging current until the triac turns on. The potential difference between the two terminals is such that gate current flows in the direction indicated by the dotted arrow. Because the triac can be triggered with either . The capacitor in the circuit of Fig. therefore. as shown by the dotted arrow. through the p-type layer. To switch incandescent-lamp loads reliably. I. The capacitor then discharges through the trigger diode to produce a current pusle of sufficient amplitude and width to trigger the triac. sufficient gate trigger current must be provided to assure triggering of all devices at the lowest operating temperature expected in any particular application. The cold resistance of the tungsten filament is much lower than the hot resistance. Like many other semiconductor parameters. the magnitude of the gate trigger current and voltage varies with the junction temperature. The operating modes in which the principal current is in the same direction as the gate current require less gate trigger current. Similarly.. the magnitude of the current required to trigger the triac differs for each mode. current multiplication occurs and the regenerative action within the pellet switches the triac to its ON state.2 and the gate are both positive with respect to main terminal No. Because the principal current influences the gate trigger current. a triac can be used in series with an incandescent lamp to vary the voltage to the lamp by changing its conduction angle. The inrush current is a result of the difference between the cold and hot resistance of the tungsten filament. I. The semiconductor materials between the various junctions within the pellet are labeled p and n to indicate the type of majoritycarrier concentrations within the material. the portion of each half cycle of ac line voltage in which the triac conducts to provide voltage to the lamp filament. (either I or Ill) and the polarity of the gate signal used to trigger the device is given by the propcr symbol next to the operating quadrant. As the thermal excitation of carriers within the semiconductor increases. and principal current flow through the main terminals is shown by the solid arrow.holding-current level. For the various operating modes. therefore. The triac has the unique capability of being triggered by either a positive or a negative gate signal regardless of the voltage polarity across the main terminals of the device.Jut main terminal No. I. 3 is charged through the control potentiometer and the series resistance.2 is also referenced to main terminal No. Fig. The series resistance is used to protect the potentiometer potentiometer is at its minimum resistance setting. is very attractive as a SWitching element in light-dimming applications. The polarity symbol at main terminal No. if the triac is to be operated at low temperatures. As gate current flows. The gate trigger polarity is always referenced to main terminal No. while modes in which the principal current is in opposition to the gate current require more gate trigger current. For the I (+) operating mode. I is given by the quadrant in which the triac operates. Variations of gate trigger requirements are given in the data sheets for individual triacs.

As a result of the different voltage conditions on the capacitor.lpF. When the trigger diode fires. If2W to allow the trigger diode effect makes the voltage load appear than would is initially turned The hysteresis tor through T2800B V2 D3202U D3202U diode.lpF. lf2W 200H}. All succeeding conduction angles by use of a resistor slows down the discharge ever.are equal to 82 in magnitude. does not lose as much charge produces a smaller is reduced. therefore. If2W 4.Waveforms showing interaction of control network and trigger diode.7kf!. The additional mizes the hysteresis for the ac supply circuit of Fig. The series resistor V. Fig. is triggered and conducts on each half-cycle of the input supply voltage. 6 improves the single-time-constant uses an additional control RC network conduction angles. This point voltage waveform. in series with the trigger diode and gate. O.. the trigger slower capacitor polarity of gate signal. The interaction of the RC network and the trigger diode results in a hysteresis effect when the triac is initially triggered at small conduction angles.400V O. After the trigger diode turns off. The hysteresis effect is characterized by a difference in the control potentiometer selling when the triac is first triggered and when the circuit turns off. the same operation occurs on the opposite half-cycle of the applied voltage. When the voltage on C3 reaches of the trigger the capacitor diode. but at a smaller ally. The charge on the capacitor is smaller than when the trigger diode did not conduct. the peak magnitude voltage of the trigger half-cycle..1. the breakover diode is reached earlier in the next is labeled point B on the capacitorconduction angle 8" corresponding to 8.uF. 200k!1. 4 shows the interaction betwecn the RC network and the trigger diode to produce the hysteresis effect.lpF.7kn.lpF.400V T2800B T2800D D3202U D3202U Fig. This circuit of circuit in Fig.lOOV T2800D normally then resistance waveof the across R3. Y2W 250kll. 60Hz 60Hz 3. and effect. The circuit turns off and does not turn on until the circuit is again reduced The hysteresis greater J 20VAC. When the circuit resistance is by a change in the potentiometer selling the triac increased is still triggered. The double-time-constant lhe performance cuit. Because the input capacitor the trigger capacitor the brea1<over voltage and causes at small also mini- effect. During the forming of the gate trigger pulse.lOOV C. 240VAC. As the resistance in the circuit is decreased from its maximum value. Fig. 60Hz R.. The point B is greater than much when the circuit on. 6. The capacitor voltage and the ac line voltage are shown as solid lines. Eventu- in series with the capacitance voltage on the capacitor of the trigger becomes does not reach diode. hysteresis discharge how- current capacitor pulse may have to for the reduction of the gate 120 VAC OR rv 240VAC 60 Hz 120VAC.Single-time-constant light-dimmer circuit with series gate resistor. pulse. through to compensate trigger current As a result the trigger of the gate trigger The size of the trigger be increased of the capaci- Consequently. V'lW 4.200V 250kll. the capacitor voltage drops to be fired. 60Hz 240VAC. This point is designated A on the capacitor-voltage wave-shape.3kQ.3kfl. as shown in Fig.lW O. 5 . to discharge the diode conand produce the gate current pulse to trigger the triac.lpF. the charge on C3 is partially restored by . C" charges to a higher voltage than C:. V'lW O. 5. the capacitor voltage reaches a value which fires tlle trigger diode. The triac. 3. 4 . the resistance 120VAC OR 240VAC 60 Hz so great that the voltage the breakover conduction angle.lW R. be expected effect can be reduced O. the capacitor discharges and triggers the triac at an initial conduction angle 8. 7 shows the voltage forms ducts RC network and the trigger of the voltage capacitor drop or cir- to extend the phase angle so that the triac can be triggered Fig. suddenly. C. the capacitor while triggering the triac. of the diode.200V O.

In this circuit. Fig.3W the voltage on the capacitor no longer reach the breakover and the circuit For turns off.W l00kU. the circuit shown in Fig.W O. The trigger which is largely composed of higher-harmonic capacitor discharge triac conduct to be triggered through and operates the trigger the circuit. The voltage on the trigger capacitor then in· creases to the breakover voltage of the trigger diode and of time. low allows the triac to be triggered removed from the photocell renders prevents the circuit the when resistance from im- of the on. 60Hz 240VAC.lW O. on each half-cycle the load as long as the resistance When light again impinges pulse formed diode by the makes the The triac continues and supplies of the photocell on the surface power to is high. Because the switching occurs many times a second. When light is the increased triac light the circuit of Fig. For applications requiring a light-activated circuit. 60Hz 240VAC. Y. on each half-cycle this of the input voltage. such as outdoor lights or indoor night lights. 8 can be employed.Voltage waveforms of double·time-constant control circuit.200V T28008 D3202U 3. When the light impinges on the surface of the photocell. 9 photocell photocell can voltage of the trigger diode. the resistance of the photocell becomes capacitor trigger light low and prevents from increasing diode. a noise pulse is generated into frequency-sensitive devices . Y. 60Hz 2.W 200kU.3kU.1I'F.1I'F. the charge from the input capacitor C2. resistance being of the triggered and inoperative.2kU. photocell of the When becomes the a high Radio Frequency Interference The fast switching action of triacs when into resistive loads causes the current resistance. The partial restoration of charge on C3 results in better circuit performance with a minimum of hysteresis. of the photocell taneous value determined that have an amplitude In phase-control current they turn on to rise to the instan- by the load in a very short period varying applications.400V T2800D D3202U and reduces its resistance. Y. is then the on the trigger voltage inoperative. 7 . 30kU. Although this circuit functions in the same manner as the light-dimming circuit.2W 120VAC. such as light dimming. step is produced inversely a current step frequencies as the frequency.60Hz 15kU. This fast switching action produces causes the diode to fire. applications requiring operation pinges on the surface of the photocell. the photocell controls its operation.120 VAC OR 240 VAC 60Hz J 20VAC. source The the voltage to the breakover circuit is removed. is recommended.

The amplitude of the higher frequencies in the current step is of such low levels that they do not interfere with television or FM radio. Of more significance is conducted RFI which is carried through the power lines and affects equipment attached to the same power lines. 13 shows a single-time-constant circuit which can be used as a satisfactory proportional speed control for some applications and with certain types of induction motors. C = 0.RFI-suppression networks: at 120 VAC. however. 200 V. 120 VAC OR 240 VAC 60 HZ '20VAC. the triac can be directly triggered from transistor circuits by either a pulse or continuous signal.AC Triac Switch Control From DC Input: at 120 VAC. For dc control. or any other desired operating condition that can be obtained by a switching action.22pF.22pF. Fig. One form. Y2W T2700B T2700D '\. triacs can change the operating characteristics of motors to obtain many different speed and torq ue curves. Y = 120 VAC OR 240 VAC 60 Hz Fig. A very simple triac static switch for control of ac motors is shown in Fig. 60Hz lHl.such as AM radios and causes annoying interference. Y = T2700B. By use of the dc triggering modes. when the load is fixed. radiated RFI. T2700D. 60Hz O. To be effective.200V T2700B 240VAC. The low-current switch controlling the gate trigger current can be any type of transducer.1 IlF. reversing. C = O. the circuit of Fig. this radiated RFI is insignificant unless the radio is located very close to the source of the radiation. In most cases. 10. a photocell. Triacs can be used very effectively to apply power to motors and perform such functions as speed control. 12 can be used. Because most motors are I joe-operated. the triac can be used as a direct replacement for electro-mechanical switches. at 240 VAC. This type of circuit is best suited to applications which require speed control in the medium to full-power range. 10 .1 IlF. Fig. This simple type of circuit allows the motor to be switched directly from the transducer switch without any intermediate power switch or relay. The LC filter provides adequate attenuation of the high-frequency harmonics and reduces the noise interference to a low level. full power switching. 60Hz O. It is specifically useful in applications such as fans or blower-motor controls. such as shaded pole or permanent split-capacitor motors.V. at 240 VAC. Because the composition of the current waveshape consists of higher frequencies. a thermal switch. such as a pressure switch.. consists of the high-frequency energy radiated through the air from the equipment.W 2k!1. II. and one that has been found adequate for most light-dimming applications is shown in Fig. such a choke must be quite large. A more effective filter. 60Hz 240VAC. a simple choke placed in series with the load slows down the current rise time and reduces the amplitude of the higher harmonics. In proper control circuits. There are two basic types of radio-frequency interference (RFI) associated with the switching action of triacs.400V T2700D . 12 . or a magnetic reed relay.400 V. where a small change in motor speed produces a large change in J 20VAC.

it is necessary to reverse the direction of a motor. This commutating voltage may have a rate of rise which can retrigger the triac. 14 . 13. When the triac turns off. during travel. . the nonconducting-triac gate circuit can be energized so that both triacs are ON and large loop currents are set up in the triacs by the discharge of the capacitor. such as obstacle obstructions. 15 shows a circuit which uses two triacs to provide this type of reversing motor control. Simultaneous conduction can easily occur because the triggered triac remains in conduction after the gate is disconnected until the current reduces to zero. 16 shows the functions required for a complete solid-state system. A resistance is added in series with the capacitor to limit capacitor discharge current to a safe value whenever both triacs are conducting simultaneously.. In the meantime. 60Hz T2800D T2800D The triac motor-reversing circuit can be extended to electronic garage-door systems which use the principle of motor reversing for garage-door direction control. Additional features.. Caution must be exercised if this type of circuit is used with induction motors because the motor may stall suddenly if the speed of the motor is reduced below the drop-out speed for the specitic operating condition determined by the conduction angle of the triac. as shown in Fig. If the transmitter is momentarily keyed. transmitter keying provides motor reversing independent of the upper. the receiver activates the time-delay monostable multivibrator so that it then changes the flip-flop state and provides continuous gate drive to the UP triac. 14 to illustrate the principle of commutating dv/dt.air velocity. - COMMUT ATING dv/dt Fig. and an operator to provide remote control for door opening and closing. dv/dt In many industrial applications. The system contains a transmitter. I I 1 I I - 60Hz 240VAC. a receiver. the effects of hysteresis described previously are not present. The commutating dv/dt can be limited to the capability of the triac by use of an RC network across the device. The door then continues to travel in the UP direction until the upper-limit switch closure disables gate drive to the UP triac. OR 240VN::. The reversing switch can be either a manual switch or an REVERSING I I I 120VfJC. A second keying of the transmitter provides the DOWN triac with gate drive and causes the door to travel in the DOWN direction until the gate drive is disabled by the lower limit closure. the phase difference between the applied voltage and the device current causes the triac to tUTn off when the source voltage is at a value other than zero. The block diagram in Fig.. electronic switch used with some type of sensor to reverse the direction of the motor. 60 Hz I . Because motors are basically inductive loads and because the triac turns off when the current reduces to zero. A feature of this system is that. The time in which the monostable multivibrator is active should override normal transmitter keying for the purpose of eliminating erroneous tiring. The current and voltage waveshapes for the circuit are shown in Fig. I MOTOR J 20VAC.. either manually or by means of an auxiliary circuit. the gate drive to the DOWN triac is disabled by the lower-limit closure and the gate drive to the UP triac is inactive because of the state of the flip-flop.Waveshapes of commutating characteristics. the instantaneous value of input voltage is applied directly to the main terminals of the triac. Speed ratios as high as 3: 1 can be obtained from the single-time-constant circuit used with certain types of induction motors. '\. manual control.or lower-limit closures. but only down to some fraction of the full-power speed. Fig.-J T2800B T2800B I I I I -.. or time delay for overhead garage lights can be achieved very economically. When the garage door is closed. Because the single-time-constant circuit cannot provide speed control of an induction motor load from maximum power to full off.

from The double-timc- in Fig.lpF. controls the operation of the triac.w 240VAC.200V O. THERMISTOR 30000 AT OPERATING TEMP 60Hz y. O. the RFI is of such magnitude that suppression circuits to minimize the interference become quite bulky and expensive. an infinite range of motor speeds can be obtained from very low to full-power speeds.Sw O. The circuit also provides synchronous switching close to the beginning of the zerovoltage crossing of the input voltage to minimize RFI. 13 for induction motors also be used for universal motors. Phase-control circuits. 18.2kn. at the beginning to shunt The reaches the the transis- triac of the thermistor the does trigger of the current not conduct as is low enough to make the transistor regenerative switch turn on before the triac can be triggered. phase control. In higher-power applications.200V O.22pF.400V T4700D .r20VAC OR 240VAC 60 Hz Fig. 17 provides of hysteresis. such as those used for light dimming are very effective and efficient for electric heat control except for the problem of RFI. position of this type of control cir- cuit is used. conducts cycle gate. However. which. When the temperature being controlled is low.lpF.22pF. O. a single-time-constant circuit in Fig. The thermistor controls the operation of the two-transistor regenerative switch. and porportional control using integralcycle synchronous switching.400V C.Sw O.200V T4700B 240VAC 60Hz 3. The capacitor discharges through the triac gate to trigger the triac on the opposite half-cycle. in turn. desirable power to extend the range of speed ON to very low conduction constant circuit sary to trigger a minimum shown angles. In applications in which the hysteresis effect can tolerated or which require speed control primarily medium to full-power such as that shown range. When the temperature desired value as determined tor regenerative positive away switch input-voltage from the triac long as the resistance being controlled by the thermistor. the resistance of the thermistor is high and the regenerative switch is OFF. the capacitor is charged to the peak value of the input voltage.SpF.Block diagram for remote-control solid-state garage-door systems. The diode-resistor-capacitor "slaving" network triggers the triac on negative half-cycles of the ac input voltage after it is triggered on the positive half-cycle to provide integral cycles of ac power to the load. 60Hz 200kn.9kn. 120 VAC OR 240VAC 60 Hz 120VAC l00kfl. and also provides When full- the delay neces- the triac at very low conduction potentiometer.60Hz 2. When the triac triggers and applies voltage to the load. can it is usually control angles with practically full power to the load at the minimum-resistance the control he in the There are three general categories of solid-state control circuits for electric heating elements: on-off control.400V y T2700B T2700D 120VAC.SpF. 16 . The triac is then triggered directly from the line on positive half-cycles of the input voltage.lw c. An on-off circuit for the control of resistance-heating elements is shown in Fig.

w 3. Within the time period. TRIAC OFF ~~-i-:.~ One method of achieving integral cycle proportional control is 10 use a fixed-frequency sawtooth generator signal which is summed with a de control signal. is cut off. Fig. The pulse generator is energized and generates pulses 10 trigger the triac. Usually a system using this principle operates continuously somewhere between full ON and full OFF to satisfy the demand for heat. Fig. Because of thermal time constants. the de control signal is low and nO power is supplied to the heating elements. 120kll.2W 33kll. the on-time varies hy an integral number of cycles from full ON to a single cycle of input voltage. The length of the ramp is determined by the voltage magnitude required to trigger the regenerative switch consisting of Q.w 57kll. As the sawlOoth voltage increases. This disadvantage is overcome and RFI is minimized by use of the concept of integral-cycle proportional control with synchronous switching. 3000 n AT OPERATING TEMP. and Q2' The temperature sensor consisting of Q:: and Q. the de control signal is high and little power is supplied continuously to the heating elements. Q. establishes a voltage level at the base of Q:: which depends upon the resistance value of the thermistor. 20. 21.3kll. Q:: and Q. When Q:: is conducting. The sawtooth generator establishes the period or time base of the system..2W or 2N5444 2N5442 or 2N5445 . together with the controlling thermistor Th. and R::.! 10 '"4 UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIE THERMISTOR APPROX. When the demand for heat is high. the de level shifts accordingly and changes the length of time that the power is applied to the heating elements within the established time. The principle is illustrated in A proportional integral-cycle heat control system is shown in Fig. therefore. a level is reached which turns on power to the heating elements.-/u r---- TRIAC I---- TIME I ON ~ BASE HIGH ~ HEAT ~~~~~ ~ TIME 14- BASE -- ----l . In this system. y. Y. The de control signal is obtained from the output of the temperature-sensing network.W 2N5441 NOTE: ALL RESISTORS '12 W. The heating coils are either energized to full power or are at zero power. Y. 120 VAC 1200~AC 24~~ AC 24QVAC • IOflF 115K 60kll. the negative half-cycle by 02 and R:: and on the positive half-cycle by D. As the temperature at the sensor changes. The output of the pulse g~nerator is synchronized to the line voltage or. generated at the zero-voltage crossings and trigger the triaes into conduction at only these points.6kll. The pulses are. a time base is selected and the on-time of the triac is varied within the time base. 19 shows the on-off ratio of the triac.W 5. The state of the multivibrator depends upon the base bias of Q::. on-off controls produce a cyclic action which alternates between thermal overshoots and undershoots with puv:' !"~solution. The ramp voltage is generated by charging of capacilOr C through resislOr R for approximately 2 seconds for the values shown.y. When the demand for heat is completely satisfied. The ratio of the on-to-off time of the triac within this time interval depends upon the power required 10 the heating elements to maintain the desired temperature.-' . form a bistable multivibralOr.Proportional Integral-Cycle Control On-off controls have only two levels of power input to the load.

so that voltage decreases as current increases. til the applied in Fig. trouble-shooting the circuits chart described. 2. volved be and are its operation showing Hz operation. to from the non- state the use of the diac the various performance state by an apThe triac is a which is changed to the conducting contains network. the light-control In to improve cir- complete cir- Three tables for a posi- to trigger The basic discussed. the 60-Hz and details are also discussed inand a is included. a diac. electrode shows tween plied either the when bias state voltage-current the device The device is applied. cuit describes cuits are values 240-volt. 1 characteristic observed For either is bistable: (off state) normally polarity the triac beof ap- exhibits or a low impedance assumes but can be triggered of current. three-terminal ac switch conducting tive state or negative voltage This Note triac in light-dimming circuit is addition. applied The diac or symmetrical trigger diode is a two-terminal bidirectional switch with a voltage-eurrent characteristic as shown high-impedance. added 120-volt. voltage. triode switch. 2 ON 5TATE/ component operation Mechanical MAIN TERMINAL NEGATIVE of either the off state into the on polarity. introduced shown.Light Dimmers Using Triacs Introduction A simple. The device then remains is reduced close to zero in the by the The two power electrodes are referred is referred a high impedance (on state). components used 50/60 is applied circuits. device exhibits characteristic the breakover Above this a un- voltage voltage the device exhibits a negative resistance. is a three- between gate and T l' on state until current external circuitry. by a pulse thyristor to as T 1 and T 2' and the to as the gate. inexpensive triac light-dimmer and RC charge-control is a two-terminal ac switch which circuit The diac is changed from the non-conducting state to the conducting propriate voltage of either polarity. In light-dimmer circuits a diac is used in conjunction with a capacitor to . Fig. the power electrodes. Ci rcuit Description The triac terminal or bidirectional solid-state or main terminals control. The low-leakage-current voltage VSO' of the order reaches of 35 volts. with in building when to the gate terminal.

generate

current

pulses

duction.

The

voltage

creases

until

voltage

breaks

capacitor

which trigger

the triac

on the

and

it reaches
back

VBa,

diac

into con-

capacitor

at which point

and a pulse

of current

in-

the

flows

diac
as the

discharges.

control

must be turned

back to a much lower setting

fore the light goes completely
Besides
cause

poor control,

tinguished

levels,

beyond

Fig.
cuit

3 shows

the basic

with the triac

During
the

connected

the beginning

off-state.

load.

Because

drives

and

of each

capacitor.

When

breakover

voltage

charges
this

the triac
through

through

point,

to the

for the

either

polarity.

duced,

the

across

the

capacitor

VBa

of the

voltage

gate,

turning
of that

is repeated

capacitor

triac
the

large
cycle

dis-

first

At

from the triac
This
cycle

resistance

of

is re-

more rapidly

and VBa is
the power apof light.
If the

ac

smaller

the

half cycle.

reached
earlier
in the cycle,
increasing
plied to the load and hence the intensity

Hysteresis

reaches

half

turned

turned

on.

as a result

as that caused
etc.,

the light

is again

is caused

by an abrupt

turned

decrease

pacitor
voltage when triggering
begins.
the charging
cycle of the capacitor-diac

capacitor

for every

potentiometer

charges

poten-

the

on the triac.

is transferred

remainder

If the

the

such

oil burner,

may go out and stay out until the control
up to the starting
point.

ap-

and charges

diac,

it initially

on one half cycle

appliance,

At low

is normally

drop in line voltage

a heavy

be-

may be ex-

is in

voltage

with the

voltage

the potentiometer

the triac

of events

the triac
line

is in parallel
the

the line voltage

load

sequence

cir-

with the load.

half cycle
the entire

control

and none appears across the

capacitor,

current

light

in a series

As a result,

pears across the triac,
tiometer

triac-diac

light

drop in line voltage.

at which

is missed

of a momentary
by starting

the

the potentiometer

the selling

When triggering

is undesirable

levels,

by a momentary

illumination
back

hysteresis

at low illumination

be-

out.

sine

wave

ac sine
of the

point

represents

wave

the

represents

capacitor.

Gate

of intersection

line

the

voltage;

normal

triggering

of the

in ca-

Fig. 4 shows
circuit.
The

occurs

two waves.

the

charging
at the
At this

point, however, there is an abrupt decrease in the capacitor voltage (dashed line).
As a result, the capacitor begins to charge during the next half cycle at a lower voltage and reaches
the trigger voltage in the opposite direction
earlier
in the cycle (2nd (Actual)
Gate
Trigger

Point).

some voltage

Hysteresis

is reduced

on the capacitor

during

by maintaining

gate triggering.

potentiometer resistance is increased, triggering occurs
later,

load

power

is reduced,

and the

light

intensity

is

decreased.
Although

the

basic

with

the component

tional

components

and sections

duce hysteresis
the light-control
quency

light-control

arrangement

circuit

shown

operates

in Fig.

are usually

3, addi-

added

effects,
extend the effective
potentiometer,
and suppress

to re-

range of
radio-fre-

interference.
Fig.4

- Charging

Hysteresis

As applied
fers

which
trol
range

to light controls,

to a difference

at \'!h ich the

light

before

initially

light

potentiometer

turns-on

and the

With high hysteresis,

to be turned
the

the term hysteresis

in the control

it is extinguished.
may have

cycle

of the capacitor-diac

in the circuit

turns

across

after

re-

setting
setting

at

the con-

35 per cent

on at all,

network

of Fig.3.

of its

which

the

Some
connected
Although
mount
does

improvement

is

realized

in series with the diac,
this positive
resistance

of negative

resistance

not drop as much,

it also

when

a resistor

as shown in Fig.
reduces
the net

so the

capacitor

decreases

is
5.
a-

voltage

the magnitude

t20VAC

OR
240VAC
60 Hz

Fig.S - Light-control circuit incorporating
series with the diac.
of the gate current
pacitor

pulse,and

may be required.
when a second

in

forming

6,

capacitor

in

a larger-valueca-

More significant

is obtained
Fig.

therefore,

a resistor

improvement

'is added

as shown

a "double-time-constant"

circuit.

Fig.8 - Double-time-constant
tiometer is connected
After the control
tial

turn-on

control

range,

point

action

leaving

of three

This

turn-on

connected

or minus

across

difference

of ini-

across

can be used to compensate

with a toler-

A trimmer

the potentiometer,

as shown

for component

inter-

capacitor,

may have values

20 per cent.

because

by the

(potentiometer,

the

to con-

occurs

is determined

components

each of which

of plus

the point

at 40 per cent

only 60 per cent effective

intensity.

of initial

and diac)
ance

is assembled,

may be located

trol the light
the

circuit

circuit in which the potendirectly to the diac.

resistor
in Fig.

variations

9,
and

move the initial turn-on point back to the end of the
control range.
The trimmer can be a variable
resistor
which

is set

assembled,
determined
The

added

to a higher

capacitor
voltage

age on C 1 after
Fig.

7.

C2 reduces

by charging

than C l' and maintaining

triggering.

As gate triggering

the gate current

hysteresis

pulse.

C2 R time constant,

The effect
occurs

However,

C2 restores

C1 discharges

in

to form

of the longer

some of the charge

moved from C 1 by the gate current

required

by individually
substitution

value

resistor

after

of the

testing

the

circuit

is

required

value

as

the assemblies

box in place

with

of the trimmer.

some volt-

is illustrated

because

a resistor

to the
or a fixed

re-

pulse.

The
sistor
as

double-lime-constant
provides

well

as

consistently

good range

sistance

potentiometer,

sistance

of the

trimmer,

circuit

with

good hysteresis

control.
possibly
spreads

The

use

about
out the

trimmer

of a high-retwice

the

" (THEORETICAL)
2n'
GATE TRIGGER
POINT

Fig.7 • Charging cycle of the diac network in the circuit
of Fig.6.
Fig.

8 shows

another

the maximum
the difference

double-time

constant

circuit

is added and the potentiometer
directly to the diac.
Although

attainable
conduction
angle is increased,
in power is less than one per cent.

Range Control
Maximum range of light control
lamp
turned

begins
slightly

to light

as

soon

is obtained

as the

from the zero-intensity

when the

potentiometer

is

end of the range.

Fig.9

- Light-control
circuits
incorporating
resistor
across
the potentiometer.

re-

low-intensity

range for finer control.

in which a fixed resistor
is moved over to connect

re-

correction

a trimmer

::'LdLt

LV

LlIt

J.UW-.lIl1l-'tUdllL.t

::'LdLt

seconds,

the current

must rise

whatever

the load will permit

rapid rise in current
ence (RFI) extending
hertz.

Although

television

.L VI

,,{. 1Il1L.IV-

within

this

zero to

period.

This

produces radio frequency
interferup into the range of several mega-

the resulting

and FM radio

short-wave

Wll1lUI

from essentially

noise

does

frequencies,

and AM-radio bands.

not affect

it does

The

level

the

affect

the

of RFI pro-

duced by the triac is well below that produced by most
AC-DC brush-type
electric motors, but because the light
dimmer may be on for long periods
RFI

suppression

network

ably

effective

suppression

of time,

is usually

some type of

added.

network

is

A reason-

obtained,

nues

until

what

more than one half cycle.

the bulb

of the triac
has surge

and may last
Damage

by selection

in excess

for some-

or degradation
of a triac

of the flashover

which

can occur.

A device

cycle

peak current

of 100 amperes

capable

that

currents

of handling

a one-

or more is adequate

for most installations
using up to ISO-watt bulbs.
When
the triac has inadequate
surge capability
for a particular
application,

special

high-speed

fuses

or circuit

break-

ers, external resistors, or other current limiting devices
such as chokes

may be used.

as

LIGHT
CONTROL
CIRCUIT

60 Hz

opens,

can be avoided
capability

Light-Dimmer
120 VAC

2.3~AC J'

fuse

Fig.
12 shows
plete

Circuits

11 shows

a single-time-constant

a double-time-constant

circuits

suitable

circuit;

circuit.

for operation

Fig.

Both are com-

at 120 or 240 volts

ac, 50 or 60 Hz. The chart with each circuit specifies
the values of components
which change with the line
shown in Fig. 10, by connection
of an inductor in series
with the light-control
circuit to limit the rate of current
rise.

The capacitor is connected across the entire net-

work to bypass
not connected

high-frequency

signals

to any external

circuits

so that

voltage.
in each

The resistor
in series with the potentiometer
circuit is used to protect the potentiometer
by

limiting

the

current

low-resistance

when

the

potentiometer

is

at the

end of its range.

they are

through

the pow-

er lines.
Overload

is

Considerations

An important
the transient

lower
first

consideration
load which

resistance
turned

inrush

in the choice of a triac
results
from the initially

of the cold filament

on.

The transient

current

which

can

when the lamp is

load results
destroy

in a surge

the

triac.

or

The

It is important
cuits

dissipates

to remember

that

a triac

in these

cir-

power at the rate of about one watt per

am{lere. Therefore, some means of removing heat must
be provided

to keep

ing-temperature

range.

the device

within

On a small

its

safe

light-eontrol

operatcircuit

10 to 1 and

such as one built into a lamp socket, the lead-in wire
serves
as an effective
heat sink.
Attachment
of the
triac case directly to one of the lead-in wires provides

can be as high as 15 to 1 for high-wattage
lamps.
The
triac chosen
for a particular
lamp, therefore,
should

sufficient
heat dissipation
for operating currents
up to
2 amperes (rms).
On wall-mounted
controls
operating

worst
peak

case

occurs

of the line voltage.

rent to steady-state

have

when the light

a subcycle

Flashover
than

about

sufficient

peak current

on at the

of initial

is usually

capability

of this

peak cur-

to allow

without

re-

degradation

up to 6 amperes,
box serves

the combination

as an effective

of face plate

heat sink.

and wall-

For higher-power

controls,
however, the ordinary face plate and wallbox
do not provide sufficient
heat-sinking
area.
In this
is another

with incandescent
er stress

The ratio

current

surge

peated passage
of the device.

is sw itched

loads,
inrush.

transient
Flashover

an even great-

case, additional
area may be obtained by use of a finned face plate that has a cover plate which stands out

to the arc de-

from the wall so air can circulate

condition

and may impose
refers

associated

veloped between the broken ends of the filament when
the light bulb burns out. Ionization
within the bulb al-

On wall-mounted

controls,

freely

it is also

over the fins.
important

that

lows the arc to flow directly between the internal leadin wires, and current is then limited only by line imped-

the triac be electrically
isolated
from the face .plate,
but at the same time be in good thermal contact with it.

ance.
Because
of the
flashover,
incandescent

Although

large currents
associated
light bulbs have fuses

into the stem to open circuit
the line circuit

breaker.

at the bulb without

On low-wattage

bulbs,

with
built
opening
the arc

sulators

the thermal
is relatively

conductivity

of most electrical

low when compared

low-thermal-resistance,
electrically
triac to face plate can be obtained

with metals,

isolated
bond
if the thickness

ina
of
of

120 VAC

'"\, 2480AC
60 Hz

R2

3300 ohms, y, W

Cl

0.05 f.LF, 100V

0.1 f.LF, 100V

C2

0.05 f.LF, 100V

0.10 f.LF, 100V (60 Hz)
0.12 f.LF, 100V (50 Hz)

L

100 f.LH

200 f.LH

Yl

D3202U

D3202U

Y2

T2800B

0.1 megohm,

R2

2200 ohms, Y,W

0.2 megohm, lW (60 Hz)
0.25 megohm, lW (50 Hz)

C1C2

0.1 f.LF, 200V

0.1 f.LF,400V

L

100 f.LH

200 f.LH

Yl

D3202U

D3202U

Y2

T2800B

T2800D

l

'"\-

y,w

R

R,

120 VAC
OR
240 V AC
60 Hz

C,

C2

~

the insulator is minimized, and the area for heat transfer through the insulator is maximized. Suitable insulating materials are fiber-glass tape, ceramic sheet, mica,
and polyimide film. Fig. 13 shows two examples of isolated mounting for triacs: in Fig. 13(a) , a TO-5 packELECTRICAL
TAPE
THERMOSETTING
ONE SIDE
(SCOTCH·
BRAND ELECTRICAL
TAPE No 27)

age; in Fig. 13(b), the new plastic package. Electrical
insulating tape is first placed over the inside of the
face plate. The triac is then mounted to the insulated
face plate by use of epoxy-resin cement.
ELECTRICAL
TAPE
THERMOSETTING
ONE SIDE
(SCOTCHBRAND ELECTRICAL
TAPE No. 27)

Trouble

Shooting

Some malfunctions
causes,
as follows:

Light

remains

intensity

which

on full

varied

in light-dimming

Triac

and will not

dim.
Light

can occur

intensity
but fails

can be

Discontinuity
in brightness at about half
intensity.
Flickerir,g

exists

at

Light

out over most of
range;

on full intensity
resistance

with their

in both directions

caused

surge.

Wiring

Anode-cathode

or anode-gate

Triac

Breakover

voltage

reduced

possible

by flashover

shorted.
in one or both

directions.
Diac

Low breakover

Triggering
Capacitor

Capacitance

Potentiometer

Maximum resistance too low.

Triac

IGT too high in one mode.

Diac

Breakover

Triac

Low commutating dv/ dt capability.
stops when the inductor is shorted.

low intensity.

the control

Shorted

are listed

or high current

to reach

zero.

circuits

voltage.
too low.

not symmetrical.

Triac

IGT too high.

Diac

Voltage

breakback

too low.

Wiring

Diac not included

or shorted

Flickering

turns
near low

end of potent i-

out.

ometer.
Same effect

as preceding,

but accompanied

Triac

by arc-

Internal

ing in potentiometer.

to turn on

are rejected

(very unlikely

because

by 100 per cent electrical

test).
Capacitor

Shorted (this condition
but not the triac).

Wiring

Open anode contact (this condition destroys both the
potentiometer
and the triac).
Cathode to gate short
(this

Light fails
at all.

short gate to cathode

such devices

condition

destroys

destroys

the potentiometer,

only the potentiometer).

Triac

Open gate contact (very unlikely due to the 100 per
cent electrical
test by manufacturer).

Diac

Open

Potentiometer

Open

Wiring

Open circuit
cathode.

at potentiometer,

diac,

triac

gate,

or

[lli(]5LJD
Solid State
Division

Thyristors
Application Note
AN-3780

A New Horizontal-Deflection System Using
RCA S3705M and S3706M Silicon Controlled Rectifiers

This Note describes a highly reliable horizontal-deflection system designed for use in the RCA CTC-40
solid-state color television receiver. This system illustrates a new approach in horizontal-circuit
design that
represents a complete departure from the approaches
currently used in commercial television receivers. The
switching action required to generate the scan current
in the horizontal yoke windings and the high-voltage
pulse used to derive the dc operating voltages for the
picture tube is controlled by two silicon controlled rectifiers (SCR's) that are used in conjunction with associated fast-recovery diodes to form bipolar switches.
The RCA-S370SM SCR used to control the trace current and the RCA-S3706M SCR that provides the commutating
action to initiate trace-retrace
switching
exhibit the high voltage- and current-handling
capabilities, together with the the excellent switching characteristics, required for reliable operation in deflectionsystem applications. The switching diodes, RCA-D2601EF
(trace) and D260 I DF (commutating), provide fast recovery times, high reverse-voltage blocking capabilities,
and low turn-on voltage drops. These features and the
fact that, with the exception of one non-critical triggering pulse, all control voltages, timing, and control polarities are supplied by passive elements within the
system (rather than by external drive sources) contribute substantially to the excellent reliability of the
SCR deflection system.

Fig. 1 shows the circuit configuration of the over-all
horizontal-deflection
system. The system operates di-

rectly from a conventional, unregulated dc power supply of + 155 volts, provides full-screen deflection at
angles up to 90 degrees at full beam current (1.5 milliamperes average in the CTC-40 receiver). The current
and voltage waveforms required for horizontal deflection and for generation of the high voltage are derived
essentially from LC resonant circuit>. As a result, fast
and abrupt switching transients, which would impose
strains on the solid-state devices, are avoided.
A regulator stage is included in the SCR horizontaldeflection circuit to maintain the scan and the high
voltage within acceptable limits with variations in the
ac line voltage or picture-tube
beam current. The
system also contains circuits that provide full protection
against the effects of arcs in the picture tube or the highvoltage rectifier and linearity and pincushion correction
circuits. Each individual part of the deflection system is
designed to specifications that are compatible with
achievement of the following system performance:

25-inch, 90-degree color type; neck diameter =
1 YJ. 6 inches
(i.e_, similar
to RCA- Type
25XP22)
U1tor Voltage, Beam Current, and Regulation
26.5 kilovolts at zero beam current or 24.5
kilovolts at 1.5 milliamperes (average) of beam
current for ac line voltages of i20 to 130 volts
rms

HIGH-VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
TYPE 2N4064

F.=-----------d

SATURABLE
REACTOR
LSR
IOOOpF

J;SCRT
ReA
S3705M

Total flyback pulse width = 14 microseconds
at extremes of yoke voltage

24.5 kilovolts at 1 milliampere of beam current
for ac line voltages of 108 to 130 volts rms
22.5 kilovolts at 1.5 milliamperes of beam current for an ac line voltage of 105 volts rms

Trigger Input
10-volt, 5-microsecond pulse (obtained
from horizontal oscillator)

Input Current
420 milliamperes

at zero beam current

670 milJiamperes
current

at 1.5 milliamperes

Pincushion Correction
of beam

DC Input Voltage (Nominal)

OF THE SWITCHING

provided

SCR's AND

DIODES

of beam current

Scan Regulation*
%-inch change for variation
from 105 to 130 volts rms

Top and bottom pincushion correction
for a minimum radius of 150 inches
REQUIREMENTS

155 volts at zero beam current
148 volts at 1.5 milliamperes

directly

in ac line voltage

% ~inch change for beam-current
variation of
0.3 to 1.5 milliamperes at a line voltage of 120
volts rms
Linearity*
Deviation in picture width is equal to or less
than 5 per cent, left to right
Retrace Time
Flyback pulse width = 12.5 microseconds
zero crossing of yoke voltage

at

The SCR horizontal-deflection
circuit requires fast
reverse recovery for both the switching SCR's and the
diodes and fast turn-on for the SCR's. The S3705M and
S3706M SCR's and the 0260 I EF and D260 I DF diodes are
well suited to provide this type of performance.
(Detailed specifications for the SCR's and diodes are given
in the published data on the devices). The exceptional
capabilities of these devices are illustrated by the performance that they provide in the horizontal-deflection
system. Fig. 2 shows the significant current and voltage
waveforms that the SCR's and diodes are subjected to
during operation of the deflection circuit.
The S3706M SCR used in the commutating switch is
required to pass a pulse of current that has a peak
amplitude of 13 amperes and an initial rate of rise of
20 amperes per microsecond. At the operating frequency of the horizontal-deflection
circuit, achievement
of this performance requires low turn-on dissipation in

An SCR is turned off by a reversal of its anode-tocathode voltage; before the forward voltage can be reapplied, a short time is required to allow the device to

->I

I
I

i'-4.5,.,
toff

COMMUTATING(DIODE

I
I

SWITCH VOLTAGE
AND seRl

I
COMMUTATING-$WITCH
seR CURRENT

I

COMMUTATING-

__

'

SWITC~

I
I

OIOOE CURRENT

I

I

obc-=-~~-----~~---I
I

I

CQMMUTATING-$W1TCH

U\
:

vI,.,

17S
SLOPE

seR

GATE

SIGNAL

i
TRACE -SWITCH
VOLTAG~
(DIODE AND SeR)

'UILS pt:r mlcrosecona.
NegatIve gate bias is used with
both SCR's to reduce turn-off time. The gate sensitivity of the commutating-switch
SCR is high enough so
that this device can be triggered directly from the
horizontal oscillator.
The exceptional switching performance provided by
the S370SM and S3706M seR's is made possible by use of
all-diffused pellet structures that employ a centrally
located gate having a large gate-cathode periphery to
ensure low initial forward voltage drops and, therefore,
low switching losses. The lifetime of minority charge carriers is substantially reduced to provide the fast turnoff-time capability. The "shorted-emitter"
construction
technique, in which a low-resistance path is provided
around the gate-to-cathode
junction, is used to obtain
the high dv /dt capability required for the SCR's to
withstand the high rates of reapplied forward voltage
encountered in the horizontal-deflection
system.
The D260 I EF and D260 I DF diodes used in the trace and
commutating
switches, respectively, are designed to
provide fast reverse recovery (by means of minoritycarrier lifetime control), to reduce rf interference in the
circuit, and to decrease diode recovery losses. The slope
and magnitude of the reverse-recovery
current in the
diodes have been optimized to ensure minimum reverserecovery dissipation and to prevent rf interference because of overly abrupt recovery. The fast recovery characteristics have been achieved while maintaining a low
turn-on voltage drop and a high reverse-voltage blocking capability.

I

I
0--

1

I
I

I
I

The essential components in the SCR horizontaldeflection system required to develop the scan current
in the yoke windings are shown in Fig. 3. Essentially

0-1- -HIGH-VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER

I

r----,

I

I

I

I

[:

1

II[ :

Fig. 2 - Voltage and current wavelorms applied to the SCR's
and diodes used to control the switching actions in the
SCR horizontal-deflection
system.

regain its forward-blocking
capability. Under worstcase conditions, the available turn-off time for the
commutating switch requires the use of an SCR that
can be completely turned off in 4.5 microseconds. The
SCR must then be able to block a reapplied forward
voltage of 100 volts applied at a rate of 400 volts per
microsecond. The turn-off requirement for the traceswitch SCR, under worst-case circuit conditions, is 2.5

E:

[:

__ J

Fig. 3 -

Basic circuit lor generation of the deflection ..current
waveform ill the horiz.ontal yoke winding.

the trace-switch diode DT and the trace-switch controlled rectifier SCRT provide the switching action
which controls the current in the horizontal yoke windings Ly during the picture-tube
beam-trace interval.
The commutating-switch
diode Dc and the commutating-switch controlled rectifier SCRc initiate retrace and
control the yoke current during the retrace interval.
Inductor Ln and capacitors, Cn, CA, and Cy provide the
necessary energy storage and timing cycles. Inductor
Lec supplies a charge path for capacitor Cn from the dc
supply voltage (B +) so that the system can be recharged from the receiver power supply. The secondary
of inductor Lee, provides the gate trigger voltage for
the trace-switch SCR. Capacitor Cn establishes the
optimum retrace time by virtue of its resonant action
with inductor Ln.
The complete horizontal-deflection
cycle may best be
described as a sequence of discrete intervals, each terminated by a change in the conduction state of a
switching device. In the following discussion, the action
of the auxiliary capacitor CA and the flyback highvoltage transformer are initially neglected to simplify
the explanation.

Fig. 4 shows the circuit elements involved and the
voltage and current relationships during the first half of

the trace deflection-current
interval, the period from
To to T 2' At time To, the magnetic field has been established about the horizontal yoke windings Ly by the
circuit action during the retrace period of the preceding
cycle (explained in the subsequent discussion of retrace
intervals).
This magnetic field generates a decaying
yoke current iy that decreases to zero when the energy
in the yoke winding is depleted (at time T2). This
current charges capacitor C,. to a positive voltage V cy
through the trace-switch diode DT•
During the first half of the trace interval (just prior
to time T 2) the trace controlled rectifier SCRT is
made ready to conduct by application of an appropriate
gate voltage pulse VOATE' SCRT does not conduct, however, until a forward bias is also applied between its
anode and cathode. This voltage is applied during the
second half of the trace interval.

At time T2, current is no longer maintained by
the yoke inductance,
and capacitor
C,. begins to
discharge into this inductance. The direction of the
current in the circuit is then reversed, and the traceswitch diode DT becomes reverse-biased.
The traceswitch controlled rectifier SCRT, however, is then forward-biased by the voltage V Cy across the capacitor,
and the capacitor discharges into the yoke inductance
through SCRT, as indicated in Fig. 5. The capacitor Cy

1

o--~------

Fig. 4 - Effective configuration of the deflection circuit during
the first half of the trace interval, time To to T2. and
operating voltage and current waveforms for the
complete frace-retrace cycle.

Fig. 5 - Effective configuration of the deflection circuit during
the second half of the trace interval. time T2 to T 5.
and the complete scan-current waveform.

is sufficiently large so that the voltage V Cy remains
essentially constant during the entire trace and retrace

cycle. This constant voltage results in a linear rise in
current through the yoke inductance Ly over the entire
scan interval from Toto T 5'

The circuit action to initiate retrace starts before the
trace interval is completed. Fig. 6 shows the circuit
elements and the voltage and current waveforms required for this action. At time T 3, prior to the end of

cess current in the commutating pulse is tben bypassed
around the yoke winding by the shunting action of
diode DT. During the time from T 4 to T 5, the traceswitch controlled rectifier SCRT is reverse-biased by the
amount of the voltage drop across diode DT• The traceswitch controlled rectifier, therefore, is turned off during this interval and is allowed to recover its ability to
block the forward voltage that is subsequently applied.

At time T5, the commutating
pulse is no longer
greater than the yoke current, as shown in Fig. 7;
trace-switch diode DT then ceases to conduct. The yoke
inductance maintains the yoke current but, with SCRT
in the OFF state, this current now flows in the commutating loop formed by LR, CR, and SCR:,. Time T 5 is
the beginning of retrace.
As the current in the yoke windings decreases to
zero, the energy supplied by this current charges capacitor CR with an opposite-polarity
voltage in a
resonant oscillation. At time T6, the yoke current is
zero, and capacitor CR is charged to its maximum negative voltage value. This action completes the first half
of retrace.

I

~
0-

-

-

-

-I~-I

VGATE

I

o~---

Fig. 6;- Effective configuration of the deflection circuit and
significant vol/age and current waveforms for initiation
of retrace, time T3 to Tj.

the trace period, the commutating-switch
controlled
rectifier SCRc is turned on by application of a pulse
from the horizontal oscillator to its gate. Capacitor CR
is then allowed to discharge through SCR:, and inductor LR. The current in this loop, referred to as the
commutating circuit, builds up in the form of a halfsine-wave pulse. At time T4, when the magnitude of
this current pulse exceeds the yoke current, the traceswitch diode DT again becomes forward-biased. The ex-

I
Y

0-

~

-

I
~-

Fig. 7 - Effective configuration of the deflection circuit and
operating voltage and current waveforms during the
first half of retrace, time T 5 to T 6.

. time Tn to To· switch controlled rectifier SCRe is reverse-biased by the amount of the voltage drop across diode Dc. At time To. however. Because the resonant frequency of Ln and Cn is high. 1 I. Fig. the voltage on the retrace capacitor Cn is decreased. T 1. time To. 8. Toto shown in Fig.. During the retrace period. as The actions required to restore energy to the commutating circuit and to reset the trace SCR are also very important considerations in the operation of the basic deflection circuit. the commutatingswitch diode Dc provides the return path for the loop current. The resultant charge on capacitor Cn is used to resupply energy to the yoke circuit during the retrace interval. This action reverses the direction of current flow in the yoke. and Ly• The yoke current finds an easier path up through trace-switch diode DT. Once the negative yoke current is decoupled from the commutating loop by the trace-switch diode. Both actions involve the inductor Lee. The energy stored in inductor Lee during the retrace interval then charges capacitor Cn through the B + supply. as shown in Fig. and the stored energy on the retrace capacitor Cn is then returned to the yoke inductance. As the yoke current builds up in the negative direction. the start of a new cycle of operation). Cn. This action represents the beginning of the trace period for the yoke current (i. as shown in Fig. 9- Effective configuration oj/he the slt'itchover from retrace deflection 10 circuit accomplished in a relatively short period.Effective configuration of the deflection circuit and operating voltage and curren! waveforms during the second half of retrace. as indicated in Fig. 8 . this transfer is during trace. 9. The com mutating- Fig. the path from Lee to ground is opened. During the reversal of yoke current. time T:~ to T1. the current in the commutating circuit decays to zero. When the diode and the SCR cease to conduct. The stored energy in the inductor Ln charges capacitor Cn to an initial value of positive voltage. 10 . 8. 10. the voltage across capacitor Cn no longer provides a driving voltage for the yoke current to flow in the loop formed by Ln. time To. The voltage developed across inductor Lee during the charging of capacitor Cn is used to forward-bias the gate electrode of the trace SCR properly so that this Fig.e.Circuit elements and current path used to supply energy to the charging choke Lee during period from the start of retrace switching action to the end of the first half of the retrace interval. as indicated in Fig. inductor Lee is connected between the dc supply voltage (B +) and ground by the conduction of either the commutating-switch SCR or diode (SCRe or Dc). therefore. turns off and recovers its voltage-blocking capability. The commutating-switch controlled rectifier.At time T G. This charging process continues through the trace period until retrace is again initiated. the energy in the yoke inductance is depleted.

capacitor CA is in series with the yoke L. The RCA-3CZ3 electron tube is used as the high-voltage rectifier in the RCA CTC-40 television receiver. 14 shows a simplified schematic of this circuit together with the significant voltage and current waveforms.e. the effect of capacitor CA was neglected. Inclusion of this capacitor affects some of the circuit waveforms. In the preceding discussions of the operation of the deflection circuit. The waveshapes in the deflection circuit are also affected by the resultant higher-frequency resonant discharge around this loop. This voltage is inductively coupled from 4Jc and applied to the gate of SCRr through to a wave-shaping network formed by inductor 4. Fig.device is made ready to conduct.~. The auxiliary capacitor CA is also in parallel with the retrace inductor LR. 12 . the trace switch is open. Fig. For this condition. capacitor CG. As a result. Fig. the resonant frequency of the retrace is increased. the trace switch is closed.. and capacitor CA is in parallel with the retrace capacitor CR. aids in the turn-off of the trace SCR. 12. during time interval from T 1 10 T. reduces the retrace time.). From the start of retrace at time T 4 to the beginning of the next trace interval at time To. 12 illustrate the effects of the capacitor CA' The SCR horizontal-deflection system in the RCA CTC-40 receiver generates the high voltage for the picture tube in essentially the same manner as has been used for many years in other commercial television receivers. and the retrace time is reduced. During most of the trace interval ( from To to T. and provides additional energy-storage capability for the circuit. The voltage and current waveforms shown in Fig. The high-voltage transformer is connected across the yoke and retrace capacitor.Circuit configuration showing the addition of auxiliary capacitor CA and current and voltage waveforms showing the eOect of this capacitor. The inductance and capacitance of this transformer are such that it presents a load tuned to about the third harmonic of the retrace resonant frequency. 11 resetting Effective configuration (application of forward of the deflection bias /0) circuit the trace for SCR and recharging rhe retrace capacitor CR. i. by transformation of the horizontal-deflection retrace (f1yback) pulse to a high voltage with a voltage step-up transformer and subsequent rectification of this stepped-up voltage. The presence of this load adds harmonic components to the waveforms previously described. 13 shows a schematic of the over-all highvoltage circuit. approximately midway through the trace interval. as shown in Fig. and resistor RG• The resulting voltage signal applied to the gate of SCRT has the desired shape and amplitude so that SCRT conducts when a forward bias is applied from anode to cathode. . including the interval (T 3 to T 4) during which the commutating pulse occurs. and Fig. and the retrace capacitor CR so that the capacitance in the retrace circuit is effectively decreased.

The reactor control current. UTILITY ICy :~LCLAMP lIN. . the degree of this resonance can be varied by the high-voltage regulator circuit. Control of the high-voltage energy on the commutating capacitor is made possible by the design of inductor Lee so that it approaches resonance with capacitor Cn. tends to increase proportionally. occurs if the high voltage tends to decrease. the trace circuit is supplied by energy which is stored primarily on the com mutating capacitor CR' This capacitor is charged during the trace interval through inductance Lee. The control current for the reactor control winding is determined by the conduction of the high-voltage regulator transistor Q". The resonance of the inductor Ler and the commutating capacitor Cn is varied by use of a saturable reactor Lsn to control the inductance across L('r. which is directly proportional to high voltage and which tracks any changes in the high voltage. In this way. Changes in the current through the reactor control windings varies the total inductance of the input circuit. As stated previously. of course. The resulting change in resonance of Lee. The saturable-reactor load winding is placed in parallel with Lee. The reverse action.FOCUS AND SCREEN SUPPLY HORIZ. As the high-voltage load (beam current) decreases. This voltage. and the majority of the control current is supplied by diode conduction. the high voltage tends to increase.Simplified schematic and significant voltage and current waveforms for the high-voltage circuit. controls the conduction of the regulator transistor. which is indicative of changes in the high voltage. The voltage across the yoke-return capacitor then tends to increase. '(Ly+CyJ o--~--~- Fig. and Cn reduces the charge on CR and the energy made available to the trace circuit. L. so that the total inductance of the input circuit is decreased. The resulting difference voltage. The regulator transistor actually conducts only for a very short time. The collector current of this transistor is in turn controlled by the voltage across the yoke-return capacitor C. output trace circuit.~~ ADJ. This high-voltage regulating system also maintains the high voltage within acceptable limits for variations in the ac line voltage over the range from 105 to 130 volts.. The current in the reactor load winding is controlled by the pulse regulator circuit. Diode DIm acts as an energy-recovery diode which improves the efficiency of the control circuit.. The waveshape that results from the resonant action determines the amount of charge that will be on the capacitor when its energy is released into the trace circuit. 15 illustrates the effect of this resonant action on the charge on the commutating capacitor. is sampled by the highvoltage adjustment control and compared to a reference voltage determined by a Zener diode. therefore. 14 .n. The high voltage is regulated by controlling the amount of energy made available to the horizontal- f\. the high voltage is stabilized. Fig. This action results in an instantaneously higher current pulse through the base-emitter junction of the regulator transistor.

voltage Two circuits are included in the SCR deflection system to protect the trace-switch SCR and diode from high voltages and currents that may result because of arcing from the high-voltage rectifier or the picture tube. When a sharp voltage pulse is produced because of high-voltage arcing.II TRANS.\. The other protection circuit consists of a diode (DcL).. 16. The anode of the diode is connected to the ungrounded end of the primary of the high-voltage transformer. TRANS. -~ AT HIGH L~NE VOLTAGE:.. H'V~ II H.V. The resistor provides a high-resistance discharge path for the capacitor and allows the voltage across the capacitor to be reduced just enough to keep the diode reverse-biased during the retrace interval. the diode conducts so that the trace switch is clamped to the voltage across the capacitor. - - --- - . This current is mainly dissipated in the resistor Ro. AND LOW BEA'·'· Cl*tR~. Voltage drops across the resistance of the traceswitch SCR and diode are held to a minimum by operation of the trace diode at a more negative voltage than the trace SCR.oltage. This condition is achieved by connection of the trace diode one turn higher (more negative) on the high-voltage transformer than the SCR. 17 illustrates another technique used to correct for nonlinearity in the scanning current. One circuit includes the parallel combination of a diode (Do) and a 4.r--I -J:iL'51 =1=1 L __ -J Ly HV. therefore. a capacitor (CCL) connected between the diode cathode and ground. The arc pulse voltage. 15 - These components dampen the high ringing current that may occur as a result of high-voltage arcing. Two means are provided in the SCR horizontaldeflection system to correct for nonlinearities in the horizontal scanning current that may result because of voltage drops across the inherent resistance in the trace circuit. is not allowed to exceed the breakdown voltage of the trace-switch components.7-ohm resistor (Ro) connected in series with the primary of the high-voltage transformer. This technique . Fig. High-voltage regulator and operating and current waveforms. The diode conducts during the peak of the retrace voltage pulse that appears across the primary of the high-voltage transformer and charges the capacitor to this voltage. and a resistor ReL from the diode cathode to the B + supply v. These circuits are shown in Fig. The principal purpose of the shunting diode is to allow the normal initial flyback current to flow unimpeded so that the high voltage is not decreased by the dampening action of the resistor.CR - -- AT LOW LINE VOlTAGE AND HIGH BEAM CURRENT Fig..

although it operates from a conventional B + supply of + 155 volts. The deflection system.uses a damped series resonant circuit (LLIN' CLIN. is determined primarily by the passive components. When the passive components are properly adjusted. The following list outlines some of the more significant circuit features of the SCR deflection system and points out the advantage derived from each of them: voltage and current waveforms.. and timing cycles are determined by passive components in response to the action of two SCR-diode switches. 4. 5. This technique avoids the use of resistive-load regulating elements required by many other types of systems and. the system exhibits highly predictable performance characteristics and exceptional operational dependability.) . Critical . therefore. therefore. Regulation in the SCR deflection systelil is accomplished by control of the energy stored by a reactive element. can be driven directly from a pulse developed by the horizontal oscillator. 2. 3. All switching occurs at the zero current level through the reverse recovery of high-voltage p-n junctions in the deflection diodes. The diode junctions are not limited in volt-ampere switching capabilities for either normal or abnormal conditions in the circuit. The only input drive signal required for the SCR deflection system is a low-power pulse which has no stringent accuracy specification in relation to either amplitude or time duration. This deflection system is unique in that. The stability of the system. This level of voltage stress is substantially less than that in conventional line-operated systems. makes possible higher over-all system efficiency and reduces input-power requirements. therefore. I. and this factor contributes to improved reliability of the switching devices. connected between a winding on the highvoltage transformer and the ungrounded side of the yoke-return capacitor C" to produce a damped sine wave of current that effectively adds to and subtracts from the charge on the yoke-return capacitor Cy• The resulting alteration in yoke current corrects for any trace-current nonlinearities. and RLI. the flyback pulse is less than 500 volts. ADVANTAGES DEFLECTION OF THE SCR HORIZONTALSYSTEM It is apparent from the preceding discussions that the SCR horizontal-deflection system offers a number of distinct advantages over the conventional types of systems currently used in commercial television receivers.

there are no set design heat-sink there specifications surface large area of the as possible heat transfer.oornLJD Thyristors Application Note Solid State Division AN-3822 Thermal Considerations in Mounting of RCA Thyristors Consideration of thermal problems involved in the mounting of thyristors is synonymous of the best heat sink for a particular with consideration application.3 shown the power-dissipation letins describing of Fig. systems mass-produced applications TO-5 and "modified to a heat material gradients in conventional are overcome MODIFIED is dictated requirements for optimum heat transfer rules 2-L EAD possible 3.l directly and the an emissivity by radi- approaching unity can be obtained surface is painted flat black. by making efficient. Most practical compact heat sinks used in modern. have of such using in RCA thy- and 2 are tin-plated sink. power-switching restrictions the JEDEC in Figs. and conduction in a given application.4 represent Areo 4. become power-control thyristors. heat of a variety direct of simple. the and be as is to be placed. the greatest case-temperature value ap- reduce MODIFIED by thyristor 2. radiation. A value if the heat-sink heat-sink often these should systems. sink should The area of the surface environment in which the thyristor heat-sink surface near unity ation. it is assumed for use with shown in the technical RCA thyristors. bul- The curves and can be used the power-dissipation thyristor. Although provide exact plication. soldering. the fabricated incorporated are designed thyristors having thermal-resistance tion-to-case. equipment ~ are the result of experiments with heat transfer through convection. ristors packages be soldered are size restrictive These because shown followed and cost in compact. The that design heat to provide rules I that for a given are a number of simple the time required to evolve the best These simple rules are as follows: 1. possible readily heat-sink configurations that can be easily into the mechanical design of equipment. a typical and batch- many of the difficulties directly for ratings (Br).3and that an appropriate heat sink must be . The formulas The use TO-5" and can of mass- produced prepunched soldering techniques eliminates associated with sinks use parts. The thermal conductivity of the heat-sink should be such that excessive thermal 'are not established across the heat sink.3 curves the various are conservative Fig. Power Dissipotion ond Heot-Sink The curves in Fig. juncThe curves shown in characteristics of As an example of the use ofFigs. Although I 3-L E AD for the job. of 50 C/W or less.

dull.019 MAX . and be The curves of Fig. aluminum 1/ 4 inches 1/ 16-inch-thick heat sink of the package.125 ~ 0 OETL~~i:SI~~~T- PLANE 1.029 MAX.366 3~'" O. 034 02.260 MAX.045 . 0~5 028 OuTSIDE CORNER '" :*' '~ RADII 045 029 007 MAX. OIS _ .A -l 335 315 OIA I 035 •.~ns 1. ~~:ll ). .-£ 6~" OIA .• ISEATING . dissipation shows that the max- of the heat sink at 150 C/IV. operate at an air temperature of 370C.Details and reference of thyristor point packages showing for case-temperature dimensions measurement. ZONE OPTIONAL 2 LEADS -_. in the thy- 1-3/4 by 1- can also be used with thyristors thermal-resistance ratings of However.3 having junction-te-case soldered more than SO C/IV.. L . power ristor is found to be 3 watts. ..2 . the difference between the higher thermal-resistance value of the thyristor and the value of SO C/IV upon which the curves are based must be subtracted from the thermal-resistance values in Fig.335 L MAX.016 MIN.3 imum allowable thermal resistance this level of power dissipation is square. the difference in thermal-resistance . 01' Fig.100 MIN.CASE TEMPERATURE QE'ER[NC[ lONE /"" GAT( 4S 42· 0 . junction-to-case.. Fig. 240"".315 [ 01' _ l .5 ~N. MIN 01' .4. and that a copper or 1/8-inch-thick with an area of at least is required. if it is assumed tions the those are same as stated shown that the condi- previously except that the thermal resistance.•. found for a thyristor that is to conduct a current of 2 amperes.009 TO ..3. For example. L r·~~~ MINo] . to the heat the sink maximum at the base From Fig. of the device is 130 C/W..

Oven or hotplate batch-soldering techniques are recommended because of their low cost. the device voids. 176 of grease If mechanical should be used sink to eliminate CURRENT WAVEFORM: SINUSOIDAL LOAD: RESISTIVE OR INDUCTIVE CONDUCTION ANGLE: 1800 mounting between surface is employed. because the thyristor package is usually attached to the heat sink at the cap. It should tor thermal-resistance measurements or be noted that most thyris- ratings taken at the on temperature of the package. exist at the interface. maximum solder wetting is easily obtainable without thyristor overheating. used when temp- with wire leads be :employed for sys- on Heat Sinks For most efficient exist be A low-mass equipped AWG No. to the heat it is most efficient. 6C or Wakeequivalent. or their build- across adhesive with low thermal Patch of the thyristor because and the heat insulation conduct To minimize silicone sink should is prefer- Not only is the bond permanent. prevent up due to oxidation. or by I (TFA)- soldering. smaller wire (such as AWG No. sink intimate contact should and at least one-half of the The package mechanically. with can be mounted glue or epoxy on the heat adhesive. 4 AVERAGE 6 FORWARD AMPERES 8 10 CURRENT (IFAV)- 12 * Products of Hysol Wakefield respectively. therefore. the provides of resistance this 152. No. Because RCA thyristors are tin-plated. The use of a self-jigging ar- rangement of the thyristor and the heat sink and a 60-40 solder preform is recommended. and help interface. Wakefield. but interface resistance is easily kept below 10 C/W under normal soldering conditions. '0 • the ~ resistance 4 additional package I thermal resistance from the base to the cap must be considered. heat Material may interface resis- resistance. Olean. New York and Massachusetts. or thermocouple than Mounting in Fig. such an adhesive as Hysol* field* Delta be used. Inc.3 tance heat sink value of thermal is 70 C/W. be or electric held Heat soldering on the should heat sink be applied iron. however. outlines erature C' a w ~ between package AMBIENT AIR TEMPERATURE I 1 58 104 AIR AMBIENT (TFAI- I 140 TEMPERATURE sink heat the heat base. If each unit is soldered individually with a flame heat should solder source on the unit. Commercial heat sinks are available for the thyristor packages described. values by-3-3/8-inch ~ The closest to 80 C/W in Fig. glue or epoxy a significant amount Although good bonding. the and the only long enough to permit solder to flow freely. 36) is preferred. Corporation. case-temperature D ~ :: "s: temperature "'c tems with thermal-resistance values less than 500 C/W. tance..2 measurements probe no larger shown point specified The 'g 2 sional reference are based base sinks. Bond Soldering able material Epoxy No. For systems with thermal-resistance values greater than 500C/W. it can be neglected if it is only a small percentage z of the Although of the over-all allowable Q thermal resistance. ~ 1t ~ is this can be as high as gO C/W. .is 80 C/W. Enginli'ering. 26 should Thyristors on the dimen- should are made. resis- a 3-3/8- is required.

Sink generat- to the chas- may consist The metal much lower thermal used. this reason. to be efficiently sis or housing.The special high-conductivity leads on the two-lead TO-5 package permit operation of the thyristor rent levels that would ':>e considered excessive ordinary TO-5 into almost package. resistance of thermal-resistance being to obtain tion-to-air thermal resistance the designs shown." Electronic Design. are bent permit transferred to. Smith. of copper soldered with a thermal obtained be made of any material of area. provide a Soldered is given. For example.7. November 8. type of metal and whether spreader insulation such resistance on the heat-transfer is shown are available and S2620M. January. con- Solder- available. any solder with suitable brass." D. Rat- . An area or "long itself the heat electrical from bracket resistance 10 e/w resistance film or tape. plating as copper. ST-2055A. are soldered an additional thyristor shown or equipment thysink. and maintain This be made practice sufficient between lead connections and header.6. if The with the electrical insulation is suffiof 0. able 10e/W to chassis sinks. shown. Marquis.6 terial such fiberglass and in the correct place the first no need for repeated bending. is commercially heat spreader S2620D. Electronics Impedance of Silicon No. resistance. changed. In this the thyristor is attached to a metal bracket (heat ber of devices are to be bent into a particular configuration. bracket thyristor in of ma· with relatively low thermal resistance. larger of heat as alumina tape. er) which the Figs. however. Heat-Sink Design 1965. Typsinks. but electrically Examples and 7. the from. A. a sharp radius Repeated of bend- ing with a small radius of curvature at a fixed point cause fatigue and breakage in almost any material. "Thermal RCA Publication Gross. Neilson Rectifiers. they are not intended bending and unbending. epoxy al- through sirable. produces in a bend an The leads but the require- to take repeated repeated bending are not espe- glass excessively made can be bent to fit any mounting ment. D.6. insulation of the heat housing be Bibliography juncIn sink may be required. and N. at this point. In particular. insulation over a wide range to suit particular about 1 to 20 e/w less setting fiberglass-tape value case has out over area in contact cient.U20 inch from the sharp bends bends should glass. are shown polyimide with the by method.2 square inch or more is usually de- can ristors alone. and then as shown bent the in Fig. insulation ical heat to the same transfer Electrical a low thermal creased. J. A safe bp assured if the lead is gripped with pliers the glass seal the fingers. sions that but must still This as the heat use of the heat-spreader mounting method. a thermal about Alumina resistance obtained with thermoThe heat spreader thermal or aluminum. or shape ductivity. for aluminum SCR's type heat the thyristor or epoxy. to this heat spreader S2620B. right-angle 0." Frank Chart. "How 'Hot' Are You On Thermal ings?. ture all leads heat is attached chassis. so that shape there is a larger than area area could in contact to transfer as heat can be varied applications. for the added to the dimen- area or diameter can be in- as long as the heat-transfer exact thermal type of insulation fastened to the than polyimide used. requisite at least will electrical will For avoid the chassis In such sink. sink.5. 1967. it may be advantageous to use a lead-bending fixto assure housing must be electrically ed by the device bend can close to with the thyristor ed from the heat lows heat of a num- or equipment cases. The special any configuration leads at the glass should brittle edge which curvature be avoided. isolation amount When the leads use used should the over-all of each configuration. electrical to the heat thermal sinks The to the thermal-resistance The junction-to-case values with ReA thermal- fabricated dimensions. Typical heat spreaders ceramic. resistance with epoxy. time. cially at curfor an has small at the glass. must be added particular from the chassis spreader Configurations Typical heat-sink thyristors are shown value as heat spread- Heat The from RCA as type numbers is when used depends A self-jigging to 20e/W the spreader in Fig. values designs that can be used in Fig. spread- insulated and spreads ers than when used is Heat. The case-to-air for each with of the easily approximate in the illustrations used. "Semiconductor World. heat construction less yields t!lat provides than that insulation. such as those shown in Fig. insulat- can be achieved insulation or epoxy.

(CASE-TO-AIR)· 4~ ~~ .AIR)· 39.e.5~ ~ b"> ~~l. ~ --1--1/2~ (CASE .....:.-J- C:~~.. ~ ~ ~ ~II ~-:J ~ II 1\ II" 11 II 1116' ~...'"..-r 8.. I -::::::::.i~"~:--~~ 11 1/4" ::::::-./'~ II .---::. -fJ~I (CASE-TO-A1R' \ 1-112" ~~ 1-'/2'~ ~:J 1_1/2"~1-'/2" e..::::::-.TO..:::::::::- ~ l02"~ 5/8" ~f-1/2. 3/4"J 5/8"~ 8. r== (CASE-TO-AIR)·30·C/W ~ A~"'--"'~~ L_.

St. Products of Minnesota MInmg & Mfg.14-110.J. Newark.J.le. t'I. from RCA aa Part No. . Co. N. Solder Co.KSFD-375005. 07105 Inc.NR 1668 Denvil. Paul. This heat spreader is available from ReA as Part No. 2. Solder preforma are available aa Part No.NRI84A and from the Keater 3. and from the General Stamping Co.. Minnesota. 07834 as Part No.NOTES: 1...

however. the voltage across ~ increases.l is charged from a constantvoltage source established by zener diode Zl' The capacitor is charged. increases exponentially because the charging voltage El is constant. and motor controllers (to maintain fixed speed under fixed load conditions). at an exponential rate regardless of line-voltage fluctuations. In a similar manner. Capacitor C1 in Fig. The net effect is that the pulse that triggers Q2 is delayed and the rms voltage to the load is reduced. a diac such as the RCA-D3202U. as a res ult. The charging voltage for capacitor Cl. but the charging rate of Cl remains the saTile. When Ql is turned on. the voltage across Cl must attain a larger value than required without line-voltage increase before diac Ql can be triggered. Fig. approximately 35 volts. Above this voltage. is an all-diffused three-layer trigger diode. The capacitor voltage. Regulation is achieved by the following means: When line voltage increases. Control of the conduction angle of the SCR regulates rms voltage to the load. Load voltage can also be held within ± 3 per cent of a desired value des pite variations in load impedance through the use of a voltage-feedback technique. only a half-wave SCR configuration is shown. the explanation of circuit operation is easily extended to include a full-wave regulator that uses a triac. Q2.OO(]3LJi] Thyristors Application Note AN-3886 Solid State Division AC Voltage Regulators Using Thyristors This Note describes a basic ac-voltage regulating technique using thyristors that prevents ac rms or de voltage from fluctuating more than ± 3 per cent in spite of wide variations in input line voltage. A trigger pulse is delivered to the 2N3228 SCR. The trigger device Ql used in Fig. Q2 turns on earlier in the cycle and increases the effective voltage across the load. Q2 is turned on for the remainder of the positive cycle of source voltage. The voltage regulator described can be used in photocopying machines.2 shows the voltage waveforms exhibited by the ac regulator at both high and low line voltage. as line voltage is reduced. El' is equal to the zener voltage and remains constant up to the instant that the SCR is turned on. de power supplies. the device exhibits a negative res istance so that voltage decreases as current increases. the breakover voltage VBO. VCl. low-Ieakagecurrent characteristic until the applied voltage reaches t ELINE. light dimmers.l. Circuit Opera:ion The schematic diagram of the ac regulator is shown in Fig.l. when the voltage across capacitor Cl is equal to the trigger voltage of diac Ql plus the instantaneous voltage drop developed across R4 during the positive half-eycle of line voltage. This diac exhibits a high-impedance. For simplicity. The voltage across resistor R4 conforms . therefore.

-- I I CONDUCTION TIME (LOW LINE VOLTAGE) waveforms I I The circuit in Fig. the circuit of Fig. ----I REGULATION Fig. a positive pulse is coupled into the gate of Q2 by means of the pulse transformer Tl' The SCR Q2 then switches on for the remainder of the positive cycle of line voltage. It is possible. . However.l.12av 60Hz C. respectively. Most of the circuits described in this Note produce a non-sinusoidal voltage across the load.3 shows a basic regulating technique for applications in which it is desired to maintain constant voltage across a load such as a receiving-tube heater.or shortcircuited component does not result in an excessive i (~~:~~°:O~i~~Eiifeatures ONE HALF-CYCLE OF AC LINE Fig. It should be noted that this configuration is actually a half-wave regulator. At this point. In such cases. and is increased when the line voltage decreases. as follows: Capacitor C2 is charged from a voltage source that is maintained constant by zene:' diode Zl.ed by points C and D for the low and high line-voltage conditions. The device shown switches at approximately 8 volts. planar.3 .3 is an open-loop regulator that a high degree of safety.A circuit using a regulator to maintain voltage constant across a load: load voltage. It should be mentioned that during measurements of load voltage careful consideration must be given to the measuring instruments. diodes Dl' D2' and D3 compensate for the change in zener voitage with temperature. o 47p. the filament of an incandescent lamp.2 . that in certain applications the low input impedance of the thermocouple meter might load down the circuit being measured. Phase-eontrolled voltage regulation is provided by a silicon unilateral switch Ql * and a control circuit. a high-input-impedance rms meter may be required. 7. The instantaneous voltages across ~ just before the SCR is triggered are represen. This capacitor voltage is represented by points A and B for the low and high line-voltage conditions.3 differs from the circuit of Fig. an open. By proper selection of the values of the voltage-divider-ratio resistors R3 and R4.e. it is possible to prevent the load '. or possibly a space heater. however. The voltage difference between points A and C and between points Band D is equal to the breakdown voltage of the diac. the other half-eycle is phase-eontrolled by the SCR to provide regulation.. i. ".HEATER o I 2 3 L 4 e I 567 I IME-MILLISECONDS I. Control of the conduction angle of the SCR varies rms voltage to the heater. Fig. In Fig. The voltage across C2 increases until the sum of the breakover vo1tage of Ql and the instantaneous voltage across R5 is exceeded. exhibited I I by the ac regulator to the sinusoidal variations of the 6o-Hz line voltage. sl£h as a thermocouple meter. the voltage across R4 increases if line voltage increases and decreases if line voltage decreases. VC1' equals the breakdown voltage of the diac plu~ the instantaneous value of voltage developed across ~ during the positive half-eycle of line voltage. The diac and SCR both trigger when the capacitor voltage.3. essentially full voltage is applied to the load for one half-cycle by means of D4. At any given phase angle. respectively.oltage from varying more than 3 per cent with a 3O-percent (approximate) change in line voltage. in which one half-eycle is blocked from the load and the other halfcycle is phase-controlled to provide regulation. monolithic integrated circuit that has thyristor electrical characteristics closely approximating those of an ideal four-layer diode. * A silicon unilateral switch is a silicon. the rms value of this voltage can be measured only with a true rms meter.2 illustrates that the conduction time of the SCR is decreased as line voltage increases.F" 200 V • IN THE CLOSE£rLOQP REGULATOR R6 IS REPLACED BY A PHOTOCELL ReA 502520 AND A POTENTIOMETER IN SERIES WITH A G'VOLT INCANDESCENT LAMP IS CONNECTED IN PARALLEL WITH THE HEATER TERMINALS NOTE: ALL RESISTOR VALUES ARE IN OHMS Fig.Yoltage in Fig.

5 shows a similar curve for a closed-loop regulator using a lamp-photocell module. circuit as an ac voltage regulator with closed-loop feedback control.6 Fig. is more resistant to the drift effects of components. and is easier to adj ust than the open-loop regulator. as line voltage is reduced. By proper adjustment of potentiometer Flu in conjunction with potentiometer R4.Heater voltage as a function of line voltage of the open.5 shows heater voltage as a function of line voltage for the open-loop regulator circuit shown in Fig. Changes in lamp brightness produced by heater-voltage variations change the photocell resistance in reverse proportion to the lamp voltage. This circuit provides the advantages of low hysteresis and continuous control up to the maximum conduction angle. it is possible to obtain excellent heater-voltage compensation over a range of line voltages.3. 6]B CURVE A:OPEN-LOOP REGULATION CURVE e: CLOSED-LOOP REGULATION READINGS TAKEN AT 25"C %T<- +3·/. but the series resistor limits the voltage to approximately 2 volts so that extremely long lamp life can be expected. but also through the sensing of the true rms voltage across the heater. In a similar manner. An additional advantage at low voltage is that the light intensity varies linearly with the voltage across the lamp so that a small increase in voltage increases brightness markedly.5 . A loss in sensitivity would result if the lamp were operated at its rated voltage. because C2 charges along the same exponential curve. Curve B in Fig.As line voltage increases. Fig. the voltage across C2 must attain a larger value before Q2 is turned on. the voltage across R5 also increases. The remainder of the circuit functions as previously described except that regulation is obtained not only through the monitoring of the instantaneous magnitude of line voltage. The lamp unit senses the phase-controlled true rms heater voltage. This characteristic identifies the Light-dimmer circuits are becomingly increasingly popular for home use. The net effect is a delay in the trigger pulse and reduced rms voltage across the heater. however. is connected across the heater terminals. in series with a limiting resistor.3. Fig. and the photocell replaces R6. exhibited by the circuit of Curve A in Fig.4 shows the waveforms associated with the heater-regulator circuit. The closed-loop regulator produces less error. Fig.Voltage waveforms Fig.4 . The closed-loop regulator can regulate 6 volts to within ± 2 per cent within a temperature range from 0 to 600C with an input-voltage swing of ± 10 per cent. The open-loop regulator can regulate 6 volts to within ± 3 per cent within a temperature range from 10 to 400C with an input-voltage swing of ± 10 per cent.. The lamp used in the closed-loop regulator is rated at 6 volts.6 shows a typical lightdimmer configuration.± 20"4 10 % OF APPROXIMATELY 120 II) 5. The lamp. the SCR turns on earlier in the cycle and increases the effective voltage across the heater. near rated voltage the intensity does not vary linearly and the variation in brightness is not very apparent.and closed-loop regulators. 6 t-3 ~~ I' ~ ( . At low illumination· .

VOL TAGE·REGULATED DC SUPPLY A simple but stable dc power supply us ing thyristors is shown in Fig.e. however. an application in which it is necessary to match the color (and temperature) of a lamp with a standard.7 is capable of clamping the high-line-voltage condition to within +3 per cent of its nominal value. can also make effective use of the dimmer circuit with over-voltage clamp.7 employs the basic regulating circuit described earlier. w c " ~ 60 ~ ~ ~ <0t- ':L I I " I I IOIAC FAILED :TO TRIGGER: . but also prevents the circuit from misfiring at low illumination levels when it is subjected to dips in line voltage.Lamp voltoge as a function of line voltage for two values of Rp in the circuits of Figs. the switching voltage of Ql. more symmetrical regulation can be realized. planar. the light could be extinguished and remain so until the circuit is reset by readjustment of the control to a high illumination setting. Fig.. diodes 01' 02' and resistor R in Fig./> . Other areas of application. I I I Fig. however. The circuit also regulates lamp voltage for various settings of potentiometer Rp..7 can be eliminated because a wide conduction angle is not required. is shown in Fig. This arrangement not IK Il2w 01 CF OI . The dimmer configuration of Fig..7. T28008 M12 !50K ~POT r- 12v : 400mWI 22 : 12\1 .. i. If a momentary drop in line voltage occurs at this condition. FULL BRIGHTNESS I f /?' . In the full-wave heater-regulator application. heater control.8 . ominal line voltage is approximately 120 volts ± 10 per cent. and hot-plate and solder-pot control.•.6 and 7.lQ-per-eent line dip has little effect on lamp-life reduction. monolithic integrated circuit that switches at approximately 8 volts in both diI'€'ctions. One of the major causes of reduced lamp life can be directly attributed to line-voltage fluctuations and in particular to periods of over-voltage..- 3" _'-- I I ----. F 200V SILICON BILATERAL I L __ SWITCH ZI 120V 60Hz r - 02 ReA *..6.r- --.8 shows line voltage as a function of lamp voltage for two settings of Rp for the circuits of Figs. ±3 per cent regulation can be achieved with a line variation of ± 10 per cent. without sacrificing any of the desirable features of the dimmer of Fig.6 and 7. In this application the light is replaced by a heater load. These curves illustrate the increased regulation achieved by the improved circuit. in the configuration shown..levels.30Y. The power-supply section consists of the well known full-wave bridge with RC filter. is subjected to voltages of 120 volts plus 3 per cent and minus 10 per cent. .7 can also be used as a 12Q-volt full-wave heater regulator. The .6 might consist of a configuration which not only provides the light-dimming function but also extends the life of the lamp being controlled. I L L_ 01 02 TYPE TYPE IN3193 IN3193 400mWI -J *OASHED LINES INDICATE MAJOR ADDITIONAL COMPONENTS REQUIRED TO ACHIEVE VOLTAGE CLAMP NOTE ALL RESISTOR VALUES ARE IN OHMS only makes it possible to achieve larger conduction ang les. it is the + 10-per-eent variation that causes lamps to reach end-of-life prematurely. i. A natural successor to the circuit of Fig. a silicon bilateral switch. the lamp * A silicon bilateral s\\'itch is a silicon.9. . Fig. the high breakover voltage of the diac in conjunction with the high resistance coold result in a circuit misfire.. LF and CF suppress rf interference. as a result. Such a control might also be used in colorimetry. such as photography. the variable resistor Rp is adjusted to a high resistance setting.. . in this application line-voltage fluctuations can create a measurement error.•.e.--_ I 90 A technique for limiting or clamping the lamp voltage. If the load can be operated at a nominal 100 volts with an input voltage of 120 volts. The light-dimmer circuit in Fig.* is reduced by steering diodes 01 and 02 in conjunction with resistor R.

Fig. .5 volts rms.1 ~F 20Cv 22 ~F 200v 06 TYPE IN3193 -Cz 022.11 • Voltage Fig. Fig... LF and CF sup(X"ess rf interference. If increased line. Edc' for a constant load of 10 ohms. an RC network is liSed to assure (X"opercommutation. o c o . If a dc output voltage greater than 10 volts is desired. a transformer with a lower primary-to-secondary turns ratio should be employed. a closed-loop type of control can be obtained by use of a photocell in place of RF and connection of a lamp across the output terminals of the supply in such a way that the light from the lamp can impinge on the photocell surface.J ~. load resistance is constant at 10 ohms. temperature. The circuit automatically compensates for wide variations in line voltage.IO .9.F 200 V A line-voltage tl'ansformer is employed to step-down the supply voltage of 120 volts rms to approximately 12..9..z c.6 70 Fig.9 is the phase-controlled triac on the primary side of the line transformer. 05 TYPE IN3193 0. waveforms exhibited by the circuit of .9.Load voltage as a function of line voltage for the circuit of Fig. Fig. and load conpensation is desired in the regulated dc supply of Fig.9.z. Because the load presented to the triac is somewhat inductive.10 shows a curve of line voltage as a function of load voltage. The heart of the regulator shown in Fig.ll shows the voltage waveforms associated with the circuit of Fig. V 4QQmW o C.

:a _ o O. T27000 2N5568 2N5572 T64010 2N5442 T27100 2N5570 2N5574 T6411D 2N5445 T47000 2N3529 2N3525 527100 537000 2N3670 2N1849A 2N688 2N3872 2N3898 .Other thyristors than those shown in this Note can also be used for voltage regulation.... The selection of an SCR or triac for a particular regulating circuit depends Triac r:: 0 ~ '''.5A 15A 25A 2N3669 2N1846A 1N685 52710B 35A 2N3871 2N3897 53700B T2312B _ > ~ 2A T4700B •• ~ .0'. The quick-selection charts shown below indicate the capabilities of RCA thyristors for this type of usage.J" on the voltage and current requirements of the application..35A Quick·Selection 6A SCR Quick-Selection Chart lOA 15A 30A 40A T2300B T2700B 2N5567 2N5571 T6401B 2N5441 > ~ T2302B T2710B 2N5569 2N5573 T6411B 2N5444 ~ 60 T2310B N r:: T23000 0 .J 2N3528 5A 2N3228 Chart 12.• T23120 N r:: .: T23020 0 o ~ T23100 . 60 ..

250 .038 .140 .ffil(]5LJD Solid State Application Note AN-4124 Division Handling and Mounting of ReA Molded· Plastic Transistors and Thyristors RCA power transistors and thyristors (SCR's and triacs) in molded -silicone-plastic packages are available in a wide range of power-dissipation ratings and a variety of package configurations.L~ ~P Ll. This configuration features leads that can be formed to meet a variety of specific mounting requirements.lOO-inch grid and a minimum lead spacing of 0. . HBT-600. safe operating area. and cleaning methods are described. and performance capabilities in the technical bulletin for each type of plastic-package transistor or thyristor. 6 shows a JEDEC Type TO-219AA version of the high-power plastic package. 5. This information is intended to augment the data on electrical characteristics. I.Dimensional outline of the JEDEC in-line-lead Versawatt transistor package. MAX. 1 . Fig. E2 b2 POSITION OF LEADS TO BE MEASURED AT THIS PLANE MIN.040 . MAX. represents the basic style. 2 shows a package configuration that allows a Versawatt package to be mounted on a printed-circuit board with a O. Recommendations are made for handling of the packages during the forming of le"ds to meet specific mounting requirements. (Data on mechanical and environmental capabilities of RCA plastic-package transistors are also available in a periodically updated Reliability Report.070 . I through 3 show the options currently available for devices in RCA Versa watt packages.330 .HGPLAHE A . TYPES OF PACKAGES Ix -L " .147 .090 . A 'I '2 0 d E E. however. Figs.300 . !) I <ISo ~ INCHES INCHES SYMBOL SYMBOL .139 . The TO-220AA Versawatt package is also supplied with an integral heat sink. Fig.012 . Fig.420 . 4 shows the dimensional outline for this heat sink. ~* =r-i j I~I~ I. both of which are specifically designed for ease of use in many applications.100 Fig.230 .) of thyristors supplied in TO-220AA packages.190 . The use of the integral heat sink reduces the junction-to-air thermal resistance of the package from 700C per watt to 350C per watt.320 H L MIN. thermal considerations.210 .365 .060 . .080 .045 .270 . Various mounting arrangements. is the basic high-power plastic package. Each basic type offers several different package options.385 . The JEDEC Type TO-220AB in-line-lead version. RCA Publication No.562 . The RCA molded-plastic high-power packages are also supplied in several configurations for flexibility of application.115 . shown in Fig. The dimensions of this type of transistor package are such that it can replace the JEDEC T0-66 transistor package in a commercial socket or printed-circuit board without retooling.625 . The JEDEC Type TO-219AB. differs from that of thyristors supplied in conventional T0-66 packages so that some hardware changes are required to effect a replacement.110 .045 .020 . and the user can select the configuration best suited to his particular application. Fig.mounting of these plastic-package devices.045 . The pin-connection arrangement H:] '/""0' . "F .+ I F Two basic types of molded-plastic packages are used for RCA solid-state power devices. .200 inch. These types include the RCA Versawatt packages for medium-power applications and the RCA high-power plastic packages.560 . This Note provides detailed guidelines for handling and .190 .SlID . . L~ IEAT. shown in Fig.120 TO-220AB . 3 shows a JEDEC Type TO-220AA version of the Versawatt package. and shows different types of packages and suggested mounting hardware to accommodate various mounting arrangements.055 LI ~p 0 Z .

740 .580 . +p 0 S Z INCHES MAX .320 300 MIN.040 .139 . Dimensional outline of Versawatt transistor package designed for mounting on printed-circuit boards.210 SYMBOL F H l A B C 0 INCHES MIN.910 .415 .sZO .625 . AND TOlERANCE. 5 .080 . . 30 .020 ..300 . INCHES !O.760 .120 100 f-gmj MIN.038 .270 .890.180 .410 .045 .147 .130 .500 MIN.365 .045 . SYMBOL .055 .210 .055 .012 . 3.850 . 01 d E F II p LI 1_ BASE 9 S INCHES MAX.610 . 4 .220 .120 .045 .025 .~~~ ~O.230 .030 .190 .320 .385 .090 . .8 ~ 27 0502 SYMBOL A B b bl b2 L .085 .200 . I'-=:] ~ SECTIONX~ SYMBOL SYMBOL A b b b2 0 d E E.070 .S ~112· fOR ARE: ANGULAR .560 . 2 .515 .243 . .070 .128 . 3 .110 .360 .045 . .045 . .420 . .625 .045 . the TO-220AA Fig.060 . E2 INCHES MAX .330 .060 .685 .038 .230 .655 .610 l <t>p .200 .040 . JEDEC TO·220AA Versawatt transistor package designed for direct replacement of the JEDEC T0-66 package.015 . Fig.480 .050 .190 .100 .JEDEC TO-219AB high-power molded-plastic transistor package.365 .020 . MAX. 160 .060 .190 . MAX.080 .75 ALL !002 DIMENSIONS fOR DIMENSION 2ND ARE IN PLACE.lZ0 Fig.~. Fig.190 .070 g.~ ~.100 . SECTION " A-A :9g:t::. .045 .147 .150 . E2 INCHES MIN.~8 / 0962 0958 Y 44B 452 0378 0387 MEASURED fAT BOTTOM g~~ 01.070 .170 .140 '1 '2 '3 F H K l. S Z .190 .520 .330 .139 0 0.005 UNLESS fOR OTHERWISE 3RO PLACE SHOWN. 140 .Integral heat sink used with Versawatt package shown in Fig.560 .422 .270 .115 .090 .203 .070 . .385 .480 .270 . '1 0 E E.560 .

5.450 . The RCA high·power plastic package is also available with an attached header·case lead. The pliers should hold the lead firmly between the bending point and the case. provided that they are not indiscriminately twisted or bent.460 . whether by use of long·nosed pliers or a special bending fixture. make the bend at least 1/8 inch from the plastic case.480 E .520 A B C 0 --- ALL DIMENSIONS -INCHES- SYMBOL --.200 .060 . 01 . LEAD·FORMING TECHililQUES RCA Versawatt plastic packages are both rugged and versatile within the confines of commonly accepted standards for such devices. However.910 .JEDEC TO·219AA plastic package designed for use as a direct replacement for the hermetically TO·3 transistor package. a pair of long·nosed pliers may be used. 4. they are not flexible in the general sense. sealed JEDEC use of a properly designed fixture for this operation eliminates the need for repeated lead bending. the following precautions must be observed to avoid internal damage to the device: I. but should not touch the case.760 . . nor are they sufficiently rigid for unrestrained wire wrapping.F L p • 5 IN INCHES Fig. Fig.160 . the desired lead configuration should be determined.045 . The Fig.515 .T SEATING PLANE ~Ll + - P E _:=1 5YMBOL INCHE5 MIN. 3. Do not use a lead-bend radius of less than 1/16 inch. 8 . lead bending: (a) When the leads of an in-line plastic package are to be formed.890 .500 MAX .150 . and a lead-bending fixture should be designed and constructed. 7.055 . bend only the narrow part of the lead. Fig. Although these leads can be formed. 8(b) shows the correct method.480 .025 . 8 illustrates the use of long-nosed pliers for lead bending. . Avoid repeated bending of leads. as shown in Fig. Before an attempt is made to form the leads of an in-line package to meet the requirements of a specific application.740 .Use of long-nosed pliers for incorrect method. '9 LEAD IS NOT RESTRAINED BETWEEN BENDING POINT AND PLASTIC CASE. 8(a) shows techniques that should be avoided. MAX. When the bend is made in the plane of the lead (spreading). provision of a wide variety of lead configurations to conform to the specific require· men"ts of many different mounting arrangements is highly impractical. (b) correct method. Fig. This three-lead package is designed for mounting on a printed·circuit board. TO·219AA plastic transistor package designed for mounting on printed-eircuit boards.045 . When the bend is made in the plane perpendicular to that of the leads. Although these versatile packages lend themselves to numerous arrangements.520 Fig. 7 . 2.128 .505 .370 . the leads of the Versawatt in-line package can be formed to a custom shape. When the use of a special bending fixture is not practical. Restrain the lead between the bending point and the plastic case to prevent relative movement between the lead and the case. MIN. 6 .070 .

care should be exercised to assure that movement of the wire does not cause movement of the lead at the lead-to-plastic junctions.".:.. mountinghardware policies may differ. Simple bending of the leads..". . When wires are used for connections. 9 . provided that the lead is restrained between the plastic case and the point of the wrapping.The leads of the TO-220AB Versawatt in-line package are not designed to withstand. @) WASHER @ HEX.. (c) chassis mounting.. D . and Africa.ddle East. must not exceed 2750C and must be applied for not more than 5 seconds at a distance greater than 1/8 inch from the plastic case. the maximum soldering temperature.VAILA8LE fROM ReA fe) . METAL lOCK WASHE. THICKNESS" ~~~~~~·~I~:~E::~ MAX S @ BUSHING . HEX. shauld be avoided. (4. The leads of the RCA molded-plastic high-power packages are not designed to be reshaped. M.:2(vICE 0 <3 6 HEAT SINK 'CHASSIS' 6 495334·7 & INSULATING I.\ 6 RECTANGULAR WASHER METAL REC"':ANCUlAR ::~:..00 mm) ~OT A. or conversely.'. DF137A - INTEGRAL INSUlATING ~ WITH DEVICE WASHER DF103C e G MICA INSULATOR (HOLE FOR 4-40 SCREW) cr·"".Mounting arrangements for Versawatt transistors: (a) and (b) methods of mounting in-line-lead types..-O.~.156 e) S-- METAL WASHER LOCK WASHER HEX SOLDER NUT LUG HEXNUT ~~~~i~~~6~4gl:~~ SHOULDER MAX.EW •••• O SUPPLIED NOT 9• . @ In the UnIted Kingdom.141m 6 (3~:~~·~. therefore. 2 illustrates an acceptable leadforming method that proVides this relief.~:.•• 0. 'OLOE."o~..~:::. Fig.. is permitted to change them from a standard vertical to a standard horizontal configuration.1450. SCREW @ NUT LUG } NOT SUPPLIED WITH DEVICE ~ @ NUT (b) 632 ~N()T"'\lA. Wire wrapping of the leads is permissible. ~ ~I MICA METAL WASHER AVAILABLE AT PUBLISHED HARDWARE PRICES ::. (d) mounting on printed-eircuit boards. If the mounting arrangement tends to impose axial stress on the leads. however.". Soldering to the leads is also allowed.. check the availability of all items with your ReA sales representative or supplier. ~SC.:2.'~':. INSULATOR /HOLEDIA. h<Jwever.lA8L(f_OlC" NR231A HR231. Force in this direction greater than 4 pounds may result in permanent damage to the device. Europe. shown Fig. Bending of the leads in this manner is restricted to three 90-degree bends. some method of strain relief should be devised.. repeated bendings.n. excessive axial pull.

Such contact can result in damage to the plastic body and internal device connections. Fig. should not exceed a diameter of 0.Mounting arrangements in which an isolating bushing is used to raise the head of the mounting screw above the plastic body of the Versawatt transistor. The maximum allowable power dissipation in a solid-state device is limited by its junction temperature. For testing purposes. 4. 5.Fig. however. II shows the recommended hardware and mounting arrangements for RCA high-power molded-plastic transistors. Excessive distortion of the flange could cause damage to the transistor. or fiberglassfilled polycarbonate. or fiberglass-filled polycarbonate.. however. The rectangular washer (NR23IA) shown in Fig. care must be taken to assure that all portions of the thermal circuit are considered. y". fiberglassfilled nylon. such as UID Electronics Corp. the following precautions should be taken: I. without a heat sink. 3. of course. Never exceed a torque of 8 inch-pounds. Never allow the mounting tool to come in contact with the plastic case. The transistor should not be soldered to the heat sink by use of lead-tin solder because the heat required with this type of solder will cause the junction temperature of the transistor to become excessive. Suggested materials for these bushings are diallphthalate.. A maximum torque of 8 inch-pounds is specified. Care should be exercised to assure that the tool used to drive the mounting screw never comes in contact with the plastic body during the driving operation. Flange distortion is also. The precautions listed for the Versawatt packages should also be followed in the mounting of the high-power molded-plastic packages. 2." . the steady-state thermal circuit is defined by the junction-to-free-air thermal resistance given in the published data on the device. When the device is mounted on a heat sink. 9 shows recommended mounting arrangements and suggested hardware for the Versawatt transistors.l. These types can be mounted directly in a socket similar to that shown in Fig. fiberglass-filled nylon. ~ SHOULDER BUSHING Modification of the flange can also result in flange distortion and should not be attempted. II (b). 6.140 inch (6-32 clearance). Use insulating bushings to prevent hot-creep problems.. be carefully selected to avoid "cold flow" and consequent reduction in mounting force. as shown in Fig. CD74-104 or equivalent. . Thermal considerations require that there be a free flow of air around the d'evice and that the power dissipation be maintained below that which would cause the junction temperature to rise above the maximum rating. possible if excessive torque is used during mounting. the holes should not be larger than necessary to provide hardware clearance and. Always fasten the transistor to the heat sink before the leads are soldered to fixed terminals. The TO-220AA plastic transistor can be mounted in commercially available T0-66 sockets. The material used for such a spacer or spacer-isolating bushing should. the TO-220AB in-line package can be mounted in a Jetron Socket No. Unfilled nylon should be avoided. An excellent method of avoiding this problem is to use a spacer or combination spacerisolating bushing which raises the screw head or nut above the top surface of the plastic body.250 inch. When a solid-state device is operated in free air. in any case. Such bushings should be made of diallphthalate. 10 . 10. Regardless of the mounting method. The washer is particularly important when the size of the mounting hole exceeds 0. 9(a) is designed to minimize distortion of the mounting flange when the transistor is fastened to a heat sink. Use appropriate hardware. Avoid oversize mounting holes.arger holes are needed to accommodate insulating bushings. Fig. Socket No. Provide strain relief if there is any probability that axial stress will be applied to the leads. PTS4 or equivalent. An important factor to assure that the junction temperature remains below the specified maximum value is the ability of the associated thermal circuit to conduct heat away from the device. 7.

circuit-board mounting. . SOLDER NUTS LUG @ ® ~ 2 HEX. N. (b) socket mounting.NUTS bSocket No.Y. NUTS@ Fig.2 METAL 2 LOCK WASHERS ® WASHERS @ 2 HEX. @ or ~ @ 2 METAL 2 LOCK WASHERS WASHERS 2 HEX. LS T ~ 1702-1 (Industrial Hardware Corp.. 11 . (c) printed- equivalent) .Y.. 109 Prince St.. N. 1 SOLDER NUTS LUG 2HEX.Mounting arrangements for high-power plastic-package transistors: (a) chassis mounting.

It is. Curve F shows the effect on con tact thermal resistance of a thin layer of Dow Corning No. 5.lJc_s. temperature = heat-sink TA= ambient temperature ()J/C = junction-ta-case thermal resistance 0e/s = case-to-heat-sink thermal resistance (JS/A= heat~sink-to-ambient thermal resistance Fig. 6. Curve E shows the wide variation in thermal resistance with torque when the transistor is mounted dry. Thermal grease (Dow Corning 340 or equivalent) should always be used (on both sides of the insulating washer if one is employed). or from published heat-sink nomographs. 9(a) through 9(d). Alcohol and unchlorinated freons are acceptable solvents_ Examples of such solvents are: . should be between 4 and 8 A wide variety of solvents is available for degreasing and flux removal. of course. 12 shows the thermal circuit for a heat-sink-mounted transistor. i. not adversely affect the life of the component. For torques within the recomrr:ende'd range of 4 to 8 inch-pounds. The case-to-heat-sink thermal resistance depends on several factors. The thermal resistances shown by curves A and C are representative of the mounting arrangements shown in Fig_ II (a) through 11 (c). Thin insulating washers should be used (thickness of factory-supplied mica washers ranges from 2 to 4 mils). The usual practice is to submerge components in a solvent bath for a specified time. impractical to evaluate the effect on long-term transistor life of all cleaning solvents. can be found in the RCA Solid State Power Circuits. make operation in a humid atmosphere unreliable.002 inch/inch. Technical Series SP-52.Thermal equivalent circuit for a transistor mounted on a heat sink_ Fig. the type of material and thickness of the insulator. 12 . 13 and 14) is usually less than 25 per cent if a good thermal compound is used. The junction-to-case thermal resistance of the various transistor types is given in the individual technical bulletins on specific types. This consideration applies to all nonhermetic and molded-plastic components. as either acceptable or unacceptable_ Chlorinated solvents tend to dissolv-:lthe outer package and. however. and the diameter of the mounting hole in the heat-sink_ TJ = junction TC TS = case temperature temperature Operation of the transistor with heat-sink temperatures of 1000C or greater results in some shrinkage of the insulating bushing normally used to mount power transistors. The heatsink-to-ambient thermal resistance can be determined from the technical data provided by the heat-sink manufacturer. the mounting torque. (A more detailed discussion of thermal resistance. the type of thermal compound. Curves E and F are representative of a Versa watt transistor mounted over a heat-sink mounting hole that has a diameter of 0. The curves shown in Fig. 13 shows a set of curves of typical case-to-heat-sink thermal resistance of the Versawatt transistor as a function of mounting torque for several mounting arrangements. A lock washer or torque washer should be used. be classified with respect to their component parts.1J S-A. 7. together with other chemicals in the solder-deaning system (such as flux and solder covers). Mounting torque inch-pounds. it is extremely important that the solvent. 3. Curves A through D show typical case-to-heat-sink thermal resistance for the mounting arrangements shown in Figs. Holes should be drilled or punched clean with no burrs or ridges.Fig. including nomographs. contact thermal resistance is reduced to between 18 and 25 per cent of the dry values.010 inch. The degradation of con tact thermal resistance (refer to Figs. IJJ-C.113 inch (No.6 screw clearance). Gasoline and other hydrocarbons cause the inner encapsulant to swell and damage the transistor.the heat-sink surface. The mounting holes should be kept as small as possible. The mounting surface should be flat within 0. The effect of a thin layer of silicone grease on contact thermal resistance is illustrated by a comparison of curves Band D. however. case-to-heat-sink. together with materials that have sufficient creep strength to prevent degradation of heat-sink efficiency during life. Curves B and D are typical for mounting without mica over heat-sink mounting holes that have a diameter of 0. These solvents can. 14 represent typical case-to-heatsink thermal resistance of the high-power molded-plastic transistor package as a function of mounting torque.e. From a reliability standpoint. which include the condition of . and chamfered to a maximum radius of 0. 340 silicone grease applied between transistor and heat sink. 4.. This figure shows that the junction-to-ambient thermal circuit includes three series thermal-resistance components.140 inch (No.) During the mounting of RCA molded-plastic solid-state power devices.4 screw clearance). which are marketed under a variety of brand names with numerous additives. the following special precautions should be taken to assure efficient heat transfer from case to heat sink: I. therefore. 2. and heat-sink-to-ambient. junction-to-case.

250 4 Dow Corning No.) . 346 Alpha Reliaros No. 13 . while organic or acid fluxes are not. 815-35 Care must also be used in the selection of fluxes in the soldering of leads. the effect on the molded-plastic transistor must be studied from both a chemical and a physical standpoint. - Fig.Alpha Reliaros No.340 .250 0 91b) . 807 Alpha Reliafoam No. A --.340 Fig. and special denatured alcohols.) MICA THICKNESS IMILS) THERMAL COMPOUND A 9(.113 2 2 Dow Corning No. and SDA44) Alpha Reliafoam No.) . methanol. such as SDAI.1 thru 11 Ie). Rosin or activated rosin fluxes are recommended.113 4 Dow Corning No. Examples of acceptable fluxes are: If the completed assembly is to be encapsulated.340 None Dow Corning No.UN.Typical case-to-heat thermal resistance as a function d mounting torque for an RCA high-power plastic-package transistor.r- C .Typical case·to-heat-sink thermal resistance as a function of mounting torque for an RCA Versawatt transistor. 711 Alpha Reliafoam No. 809 Alcohol (isopropanol.340 None Dow Corn in9 No.140 None .340 - E F . 320-33 Alpha Reliaros No.340 Dow Corning No. CURVE A B C 0 MOUNTING ARRANGEMENT FIGURE MICA THICKNESS IMILSI 11(01 thru 11 (0) - 111. 14 . SDA30.340 C 91. SDA34. 811-13 Alpha Reliafoam No. .340 B 91b.I- F o 2 • 6 MOUNTING TORQUE-iN-LBS CURVE MOUNTING ARPoANGEMENT HEAT SINK HOLE FIGURE DIA.140 None Dow Corning No. 4 None 2 None THERMAL COMPOUND Dow Corning No.

apparent. ac thyristor as two directions to of these devices. of the triode rectifiers referred to as Silicon controlled of many power- greater reliability than As the use of SCR's through (n-p-n) a limiting transistor de supply model of Fig. which differ primarily terminals and operating character- called bidirectional quadrant (negative) Reverse-blocking silicon triode thyristors. this group includes any bistable semiconductor device that has three or more junctions (i. Two-Transistor Thyristors increased. are the most rectifiers have satisfied popular types. A two-transistor analogy of an SCR is illustrated in Fig. the emitter is returned to the positive resistor R2. with the third characteristics_ commonly and of thyristors. state.OOm3LJD Thyristors Solid State Division Application Note AN-4242 A Review of Thyristor Characteristics and Applications Thyristors. 2. reliability This thyristors exceeding ote these requirements that of electromechanical describes and typical satisfy the applications operation.• Analogy The bistable action of thyristors can be explained by analysis of the structure of an SCR. ratings. I. small package size. with counterparts. arc semiconductor istics similar The to provide to as triacs. I (a) shows the schematic symbol for an SCR.e . and the emitter to the negative to provide a complete (which potential. l(c). have more characterspecifically. collector of the upper terminal applied to the base of the turns on and forces the is also the base of the p-n-p transistor) as p-n-p a result. If a positive pulse is then n-p-n transistor. devices of thyratron that lubes. transistor the flow is current is then (la) begins in the to active to a flow. There are several types in number of electrode transistor In the diagram istics associated vol tage-current thyristors. within at least one quadrant of the principal-voltage characteristics. and from the conducting (ON) state to the highimpedance (OFF) state. With the emphasis in such applications placed on low cost. the interconnections of the two transistors are such that regenerative action can occur when a proper gate signal is applied to the base of the lower n-p-n transistor. the transistor low electrical (p-n-p) of a dc supply is returned is in the OFF state. In four or more semiconductor layers) and can be switched from a high-impedance (OFF) state to a conducting (ON) state. Fig. l(b) shows the p-n-p-n structure the symbol represents. This analysis can be related to either operating quadrant of a triac because essentially two parallel SCR's oriented in opposite a triac is directions. the two-transistor model for the SCR shown in Fig. the requirements switching with applications electromechanical controlled much or tube counterparts. . Because the of the lower terminal path. (SCR's). both SCR's and triacs. they arc semiconductor switches whose bistable state depends on the regenerative feedback associated with a p·n-p-n structure. Basically. of the When the initial principal-current zero. and Fig. are now widely accepted in power applications in power-control applications. characteristics. and cont rol became devices generated circuit is referred simplicity. triacs. parallel provide to those the need new bidirectional A triac SCR's (p-n-p-n) oriented symmetrical bidirectional can for complete family of current properties be considered in opposite characteristics.

if allowed to migrate to the base of the n-p-n transistors. Voltage and Temperature Ratings The effects of temperature and voltage are important in thyristors because these deviccs posscss regenerative action and are required to support high voltage in the OFF state. The use of this internal shunt resistance improves the OFF -state blocking capability.3 . The collector curren t through the p-n-p transistor must be increased to supply both the base current for the n-p-n transistor and the shunt current through the terminating resistor. (c) two-transistor model of SCR.Two-transistor model connected to show a complete electrical path. latching and holding current requirements also increase.Two-transistor model of SCR with resistive termination of the n-p-n transistor base. n ~o CATHODE (bl : CATHODE Fig_ 1 . Therefore. Fig. and causes the model to switch into the ON state and establish a principal-current flow. high-temperature operation. If the external gate drive is removed. This effect can be explained by observation of the division of currents as the value of the limiting resistor is gradually increased. In thyristor fabrication. it is not necessary to specify an OFF-state rating under the conditions of external gate-resistance termination. the division of currents within the model can no longer sustain the required regeneration and the model reverts to the blocking state. The two-transistor model illustrates three features of thyristors: (I) a gate trigger current is required to initiate regeneration.. . '0 ~OO. (2) a minimum principal current (referred to as "latching current") must be available to sustain regeneration. As the principal current is gradually reduced to the zero current level. The usc of the two-transistor model provides a more concise mcaning to the mechanics of thyristors. an increase in temperature causes a leakage current which. For reliable operation at high temperature. Termination of the n-p-n unit provides immunity from "false" (non-gated) turn-on. Fig. provides increased immunity against false turn-on. GATE I i'i:~: CATHODE (01 ~~ GATE . the model remains in the ON state as a result of the division of currents associated with the two transistors. 2 remains in the ON state until the principal current flow is reduced to zero. . (b) p-n-p-n structure represented by schematic symbol. In the two-transistor model shown in Fig. and (3) reduction of principal-current flow results in turn-off at some level of current flow (referred to as "holding current") slightly greater than zero. Because gate termination is required on all thyristors. 2. 3 illustrates the effects on latching and holding current for resistive termination at the base of the n-p-n transistor. Because the principal-current flow must be increased to supply this increased collector current. ReA devices contain a diffused internal gate-cathode resistor (the so-called "shorted-emitter" design) and do not require external gate termination. t 'bl" "I '" pip ~ GATE " I' Fig. and slightly increases gate-current requirements. and the use of the low-beta p-n-p units permits a wider base region to be used to support the high voltage encountered in thyristor applications. Regenerative action then calls for additional leakage current. the base of the n-p-n transistor should be terminated with a low value of resistance to prevent turn-on as a result of. it is generally good practice to use a low-beta p-n-p unit and to include internal resistance termination for the base of the n-p-n unit.2 .Two-transistor (<I analogy of an SCR: (a) schematic symbol of SCR. Actually. forces the transistor into the active region. Theoretically. turn-off occurs at some value of current greater than zero. the model shown in Fig.collector current (IC] = Ib2) flows into the base of the n-p-n transistor and sets up the conditions for regeneration. provided that sufficient principal current (Ia) is available.

lN TERMINAL 2 NEGATIVE Fig.-2-CURRENT ON STATe OUADRANT. When the SCR is in the ON state. the ability of a thyristor to support applied voltage is reduced and there is a certain value of gate current at which the behavior of the thyristor closely resembles that of a rectifier. a small leakage current. If the triac is considered as two parallel SCR's oriented in opposite directions to provide symmetrical curreilt flow. voltages are considered to be forward (positive) when the anode is at a positive potential with reference to the cathode. Increases in forward (principal) current are accompanied by only a slight change in ON-state voltage. as a result of exceeding the breakover voltage. In the forward-blocking state. and a small reverse current flows through the p-n-p-n structure until the reverse breakdown voltage is reached. 4 shows the principal voltage-current characteristics for both SCR's and triacs. the behavior of a triac under positive or reverse voltage operation is essentially the same as that of an SCR in the forwardblocking mode.4 . therefore. at which time the reverse current increases rapidly. For (riacs. Fig. and are made to switch to the ON state by gate signals of sufficient amplitude to assure complete turn-on independent of the applied voltage.m IU. . Third-quadrant (III) operation occurs when main terminal 2 is at a negative potential with reference to main terminal I. voltages are considered to be positive when main terminal 2 is at a positive potential with reference to main terminal I. and Operation of an SCR under reverse-blocking voltage is similar to that of a reverse-bi3sed silicon rectifier or other semiconductor diodes. flows through the p-n-p-n structure. Once the thyristor is triggered to the ON state. ----- ~::.OFF-state voltage ratings of thyristors are specified for both steady-state and transient operation for both forward (positive) and reverse (negative) '-'locking conditions at the maximum junction temperature. For forward (positive) operation. Gate Characteristics The breakover voltage of a thyristor can be varied. As the forward voltage is increased.oduce instantaneous power dissipation during the switching transition. the SCR exhibits a very high internal impedance. can p. thyristors are operated at applied voltages lower than the breakover voltage. the principal-current flow is independent lJf gate voltage or gate current. a "breakdown" point is reached at which the forward current increases rapidly and the voltage across the SCR decreases abruptly to a very low voltage. and the device remains in the ON state until the principal-current flow is reduced to a value below the holding current required to sustain regeneration. considered to be of approximately the same value as that for reverse leakage. voltage. For SCR's. by injection of a signal at the gate terminal. As the value of gate current is increased. Because thyristor turn-on. For normal operation. the forward current is limited primarily by the impedance of the ext~rnal circuit. A similar set of curves can be drawn for both the first and the third quadrant to represent triac operation. the applied voltage must reach the breakover voltage of the SCR or triac before switching occurs. this condition is referred to as first-quadrant (I) operation. however. referred to as the forward ON When the gate current 19 is zero. 5 REVERSE BREAKOVER VOL lAGE Ig4 THYRISTOR ICj3 BREAKQvER 192 AS FUNCTION 191"° OF GATE CURRENT ON STATE V !/CURRENT HOLDING shows curves of breakover as a function of gate current for fi~st-quadrant operation of an SCR. Fig. an irreversible condition may exist unless the magnitude and rate of rise of principal current is restricted to tolerable levels. Negative voltages are referred to as reverse-blocking voltages.Principal voltage-current characteristics of sews triacs. the SCR is electrically bistable and exhil:its either high impedance (forward-blocking or OFF state) or low impedance (forwardconducting or ON state). The gate voltage and current reqUired to switch a thyristor from its high-impedance (OFF) state to its low-impedance (ON) state at maximum rated forward anode current can be . or controlled. In this operating mode.

The values of gate current and gate voltage immediately prior to switching are the values required to trigger the thyristor. and out main terminal I. 7 illustrates the triggering mechanism and current flow within a triac. The semiconductor materials between the various junctions within the pellet are labeled "p" and "n" to indicate the type of majority-carrier concentrations within the material. The value of power dissipated for the reverse gate polarity is restricted to the maximum power-dissipation limit imposed by the ma:lufacturer. across the junction into the n-type layer. current multiplication occurs and the regenerative action within the pellet switches the triac to its ON state. Variations of gate-trigger requirements are given in the published data for individual thyristors. i. Conversely. Because triacs are bidirectional. Fig. the power gain associated with these thyristors far exceeds that of transistor counterparts in the semiconductor switching field. modes in which the principal current is in opposition to the gate current require more gate trigger current. they can provide full-cycle (360-degree) control of ac power from either a positive or a negative gate-drive signal. a triac can be triggered by either a positive or a negative gate signal regardless of the voltage polarity across the main terminals of the device. Resistor R2 is selected so that the anode current specified in the manufacturer's ratings flows when the device latches into its low-impedance or ON state. Fig. through the p-type layer. as shown by the dotted arrow. the initial gate-current flow is shown by the dotted arrow. if a triac or SCR is to be operated at low temperatures. m{+) Fig. the reverse current flow is limited by the value of R2 and the gate-cathode internal shunt.e. the increase in leakage current makes it easier for the device to be triggered by a gate signal.7 . As gate current flows.determined from the circuit shown in Fig. With gate-power requirements for turn-on in the milliwatt region. Like many other semiconductor-device parameters.Current flow in a triac. Therefore. a positive gate signal for a positive anode voltage. the magnitude of the current reqUired to trigger the triac differs for each mode. This feature is an advantage when it is necessary to control ac power from low-level logic systems such as integrated-circuit logic. sufficient gate trigger current must be provided to assure triggering of all devices at the lowest operating temperature expected in any particular application. and principal-current flow through the main terminals is shown by t. for the other three operating modes. The operating modes in which the principal current is in the same direction as the gate current require less gate trigger current. The gate trigger polarity is always referenced to main terminal I. main terminal 2 and the gate are both positive with respect to main terminal I. triacs are capable of controlling power levels up to 10 kilowatts. 6.6 . Initial gate CUi"fent flows into the gate terminal. Thus. The polarity symbol at main terminal 2 is also referenced to main terminal I. and :he polarity of the gate signal used to trigger the device is given by the proper symbol next to the operating quadrant. As thermal excitation of carriers within the semiconductor material increases. For the various operating modes. Because the direction of principal current influences the gate trigger current. For an SCR. For the 1(+) operating mode. the polarity of the volrage on main terminal 2 with respect to main terminal I is given by the quadrant in which the triac operates (either I or III).le solid arrow. the principal current flows through the p-n-p-n structure as shown by the solid arrow. there is only one mode of gate firing capable of switching the device into the ON state..Circuit used to measure thyristor gate voltage and current switching threshold. If the gate polarity is reversed (negative voltage). Similarly. . the magnitude of gate trigger current and voltage varies with the junction temperature. the gate becomes more sensitive in all operating modes as the junction temperature increases. The potential difference between the two terminals is such that gate current flows in the direction indicated by the dotted arrow. Because of the polarities indicated between the main terminals. The value of RI is gradually decreased until the device under test is switched from its OFF state to its low-impedance or ON state. Because of its complex structure.

9 . a delay time td and a rise time tr. The total turn-on time ton is the sum of both delay and rise time (td + tr). Switching Characteristics Ratings of thyristors are based upon the amount of heat generated within the device pellet and the ability of the device package to transfer the internal heat to the external case. the pulse-current curves associated with a particular device should be used to assure turn-on.l. turn-on time is reduced.The gate current specified in published data for thyristors is the dc gate trigger current required to switch an SCR or triac into its low-impedance state. The delay time td is defined as the time interval between the SO-per-cent point of the leading edge of the gate trigger voltage and the 10-per-cent point of the principal current for a resistive load. as a result. r:~90'POINT 1 1 VFB 1 I o_l_L i_L __ I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 I When pulse triggering of a thyristor is required. this dc value can be considered equivalent to a pulse current that has a minimum pulse width of 50 microseconds.J 1 '- 90% POINT 1 1-+---~ 'd --i--l. 8.'" I I --1 1 "~~time associated with the thyristor because of the increased current density at the gate-cathode periphery. Faster turn-on time for larger gate drive is a result of a decrease in delay 1 T PRINCIPAL CURRENT I I I --1-1 1 I I 1 0_. and the thyristor can support a much larger peak anode inrush current. When a thyristor is initially triggered illto conduction. I I---. The rise time tr is the time interval required for the principal current to rise from 10 to 90 per cent of its maximum value.Thyristor turn-on time as a function of gate trigger current. For high·performance applications in which switching of high peak current values but narrow pulse widths is desired. it is always advantageous to provide a gate-current pulse that has a magnitude exceeding the dc value required to trigger the device. The use of large trigger currents reduces variations in turn-on time. a reverse voltage cannot be used to provide circuit-commutated turn-off voltage because a reverse voltage applied to one half of the triac structure would be a . increases di/dt capability. In triacs. a greater part of the cathode is turned on initially. as shown in Fig. it is important that power dissipation during turn-on be restricted to levels within device specifications. the dynamic voltage drop is high and the current density can produce localized hot spots in the pellet area. the localized instantaneous power dissipation may result in irreversible damage unless the rate of rise of principal current is restricted to tolerable levels to allow time for current spreading over a larger area. When a much larger gate signal is applied.'. the current is confined to a small area which is usually the more sensitive part of the cathode. When thyristors (either triacs or SCR's) are triggered by a gate signal. The total turn-on time tgt is defined as the time interval between the initiation of the gate signal and the time for the principal anode c~rrent flow through the thyristor to reach 90 per cent of its maximum value for a resistive load. For practical purposes. Of major importance in the turn-on time interval is the relationship between thyristor voltage and principal current flow through the thyristor. For gate-current pulse widths smaller than 50 microseconds. minimizes the effect of temperature variation on triggering characteristics. the internal energy dissipated during the turn-on process must be determined to assure that power dissipation is within ratings. the turn-on time consists of two stages. 9. Although the thyristor is affected to some extent by the peak off-state voltage and the peak on-state current level. Turn-off time of a thyristor can be associated only with SCR's. Therefore. 25 50 75 DC GATE-TRIGGER 100 CURRENT 125 (IGT)- 150 175 mA Fig. as shown in Fig. and makes possible very short switching times. During the turn-on interval. If the anode current magnitude is great. the turn-on time is influenced primarily by the magnitude of the gate-trigger pulse current.

a new term is introduced called "critical rate of rise of commutation voltage". 11 . turn-off time specification is only meaningful if all of the above critical parameters are available in the actual application. A second recovery period. as shown in Fig. The rating can be explained by consideration of two SCR's in an inverse parallel mode.blocking voltage is referred to as circuit-eommutated turn-off time tq. Fig. and complete turn-off can be accomplished only if the bridge output is reduced to zero volts or the principal current is reduced to a value lower than the device holding current. rate of change of current during the forward-to-reverse transition. d"'FBdt~' Because turn-off times are not associated with triacs due to the physical structure of the device. or the ability of a triac to commutate a fixed value of current under specified conditions. the entire negative half of the sine wave is a turn-off condition and more than adequate for complete turn-off. a small reverse current flows in SCR-I until the time that the SCR reverts to the OFF state. 10. the gate bias.forward-bias voltage to the other half. called the gate recovery time. As the principal cur. When the first half of the triac structure (SCR-I) is in the conducting state. provided that sufficient gate current is available to that device. II. including on-state current prior to turn-off. As the principal current crosses the zero reference point. The principal current is then diverted to SCR-2. With turn-off time specified on the manufacturer's data sheet and dependent upon the conditions as outlined above. SCR-I is assumed to be in the conducting state I ---t- o - - - . a quantity of charge accumulates in the n-type region as a result of the principal current flow.Circuit used to demonstrate critical rate of rise of commutation voltage. I of a full-wave rectifier bridge. and junction temperature. however. must then elapse for the forward-blocking junction to establish a depletion region so that forward-blocking voltage can be reapplied and successfully blocked by the SCR. Junction temperature and on-state current have a more significant effect on turn-off than any of the other factors. a small . rate of change of reapplied forward voltage. For turn-off times in an SCR. with forward current established. a reverse recovery time and a gate recovery time. application of reverse voltage between the anode and cathode terminals causes reverse current to flow in the SCR until the time that the reverse current passes its peak value to a steady-state level called the reverse recovery time trr. tgr. as shown in Fig. For applications in which an SCR is used to control 60-Hz ac power. For applications in which the SCR is used to control the output device. the recovery period consists of two stages. reverseblocking voltage.- - - - - - - --- 0 I I '1jI' ----I I 'ofl ---j I When the forward current of an SCR is reduced to zero at the end of a conduction period. The structure of a triac shown in Fig. The total time from the instant reverse recovery current begins to flow to the start of the forward. 12 indicates that the main blocking junctions are common to both halves of the Turn-off time depends upon a number of circuit parameters. The gate recovery time of an SCR is usually much longer than the reverse recovery time. gate trigger level. there is no reverse voltage available for turn-off.ent flow crosses the zero reference point.

An accepted method for keeping the com mutating dv/dt within tolerable levels during triac turn-off is to use an RC snubber network in parallel with the main terminals of the triac. A source voltage can be suddenly applied to an SCR or a triac which is in the OFF state through either closure of an ac line switch or transient voltages as a result of an ac line disturbance. rate of change of curren t during commutation. the thyristor may switch from the OFF state to the conducting state in the absenc· of a gate signal. Fig. The values of resistance and capacitance in the snubber are then adjusted so that the rate of rise of commutating dv/dt stress is within the specified minimum limit under any of the conditions mentioned above. the sudden reapplied voltage in conjunction with the remaining stored charge in the high-voltage junction reduces the over-all device Another important parameter for thyristors is the "critical rate of rise of off-state voltage". If the fast rate of rise of the transient voltage exceeds the device rating. and the device remains in the conducting state in absence of a gate signal. At the time the current reaches zero crossover (point A). current magnitude. With frequency directly related to commutating di/dt. and frequency of the applied principal current. the half of the triac in conduction kgins to commutate when the principal current falls below the holding current required to sustain regeneration. This charging current (i. Because the rate of rise of applied voltage at the triac terminal is a function of the load impedance and the RC snubber network.reverse current is established as a result of the charge remaining in the IHype region. and any value of conjunction angle. Continued technological advances in triac device structure has resulted in faster "turn-off' capability and made possible a new family of triacs having 400-Hz commutating capability that is now being offered to circuit designers who must work with 400-Hz source voltages. this reverse recovery current becomes a forward current to the second half of the triac. Any combination of snubber resistance and capacitance that provides the requirements outlined above is considered satisfactory.nly by recombination. plete loss in power control can occur as a result of interaction within the n-type base region of the triac unless sufficient time elapses to assure turn-off. However. an applied voltage opposite to the current polari:y is applied across the triac terminals (point B)_ Because this voltage is a forward bias to the second half of the triac. it is imperative that some means be provided to restrict the rate of rise of reapplied voltage to a value which will permit triac turn-off under the conditions of inductive load. If the thyristor is controlling alternatit voltage. . the device may switch to the ON state and turn-off could then be achieved only by circuit interruptions. A steep-rising voltage dv/dt impressed across the terminals of a thy! istor causes a capacitance-charging current to flow through the device. current power factor. maximum principal current.Cdv/dt) is a function of the rate of rise of applied off-state voltage. Il' the rate of rise of voltage exceeds a critical value. Because the n-type region is common to both halves of the devices. 13 shows the waveforms for an inductive load with lagging Some of the factors affecting commutating dv/dt capability of triacs are temperature. Commutation of triacs is more severe with inductive loads than with resistive load~ because of the phase lag between voltage and current associated with inductive loads. early triac use was restricted to 60-Hz applications. Therefore. if the source voltage suddenly applied to the OFF thyristor is a dc voltage. At the instant the conducting half of the triac turns off. The switching from the OFF state is caused by the internal capacitance of the thyristor. Once current conduction has been established by application of a gate signal. therefore. the circuit can be evaluated under worstcase conditions of operating case temperature. "false" turn-on (non-gated) resulting from a tran mt imposed voltage is limited to no more than half the applied voltage because turn-off occurs during the zero current crossing. The value of snubber resistance should be high enough to limit the snubber capacitance discharge currents during turn-on and dampen the LC oscillation during commutation (turn-off). The result is a loss of power control to the load. The current resulting from stored charge may cause the second half of the triac to go into the conducting state in the absence of a gate signal. It is imperative that triac manufacturers provide sufficient information regarding commutating capabiiity under maximum current and case-temperature conditions so that triac control of ac power for resistive loading in a 60-Hz power source can be assured. com- capability to support a fast rate of rise of applied voltage. Because the high-voltage junction is common to both halves of the triac. the stored charge can be neutralized c.

This approach affords the circuit designer with meaningful information as to how a control circuit will respond in a heavy transient environment.-..'" a . it is advisable to add a clip cell or to use an SCR with a higher reverse-blocking voltage rating to minimize power dissipation in the reverse mode. * u. For applications in which low-energy. Because triacs generally switch to a low conducting state. The use of an RC snubber is most effective in reducing the effects of the high-energy short-duration transients more b~ MERCURY RELAY (CP CLAIRE HGP-101B) 5 I I j ~ 6~~NciNUTTR6~Rc~~tu~~ \. w >- ~ . long-duration transients may be encountered. thryristors are current-dependent devices. 14 . The use of· voltage clipping cells is also effective.--- frequently encountered in thyristor applications. In some applications. '-----.. ~> dt '" OUTPUT PULSE 10k V~s 8 voltages in excess of 10 kilovolts per microsecond. 17 shows a family of curves representing the gate-circuit load line between the opencircuit source voltage and the short-circuit current for different time intervals... GATE OPEN . Operation at elevated junction temperatures reduces the thyristor ability to support a steep rising voltage dv!dt because less gate current is required for turn-on. In a circuit which applies timedependent variable voltage Vac to a load and the gate trigger current required to trigger the thyristor is derived from the same source Vac. The point at which thyristor triggering occurs depends not only on the required gate current and voltage.. The response of a 100-millihenry solenoid control circuit exposed to a fastrising transient is shown in Fig. The circuit is capable of generating transient "' u 32V Fig.250 ~ 1. and the magnitude of gate current IGT and voltage VGT required to trigger a thyristor into the on-state varies.. if the di!dt buildup of the principal current flow after turn-on is within device ratings it is safe to assume that reliable operation will be achieved under the specified conditions. 14..'" u >= 750 500 250 '" "'" "'-. Good practice in the use of thyristors exposed to a heavy transient environment is to provide some form of transient suppression.. ---r-. which exceeds industrial generated transients. solenoid closure.. An effective means of generating fast-rising transients and observing the circuit response to such transients is shown in Fig. Vo ~ vORO ••••. in general. analysis of the circuit application will reveal the extent to which suppression should be employed. but also on the trigger source impedance and voltage. Fig. J. The effect of temperature on the critical rate of rise of off-state voltage is shown in Fig.. Voltage transients which occur in electrical systems as a result of disturbance on the ac line caused by various sources such as energizing transformers. Use of Diacs For Control Triggering Basically.000 w ~ a::~ u. This approach permits generation of a transient of known magnitude whose rate of rise of voltage can easily be displayed on an oscilloscope. it is advisable to use thyristors that have voltage ratings greater than the highest voltage transient expected in the system to proVide protection against destructive transients. In either case. 16. switch from the OFF state to the ON state whenever the breakover voltage of the device is exceeded. When an RC snubber is added at the thyristor terminals. For a given load condition. contacto!"s. J 5.. the rate of rise of voltage at the terminals is a function of the load impedance and the RC values used in the network. devices that have a gate current Igl are . This circuit makes use of the "splash" effects of a mercury-wetted relay to transfer a capacitor charge to the input terminals of a control circuit. "false" (non-gated) turn-on for even a portion of the applied voltage cannot be tolerated.the capacitance-charging current exceeds the gate trigger current and causes device turn-on. the values in the RC snubber network can be adjusted so that the transient voltage at the device terminals is suppressed to a tolerable level. load switching. a 1. and energy is then transferred to the load. In an SCR application in which there is a possibility of exceeding the reverse-blocking voltage rating. Thyristors. w '">- ~ a > w >>- . and the like may generate voltages which are above the ratings of thyristors and result in spike voltages exceeding the critical rate of rise of off-state voltage capability. and circuit response to voltage transients must be determined.Critical rate of rise of off-state voltage as a function of case temperature.

. it is heavily dependent on the gate current distribution.'MI .Thyristor . The diac. Although the circuit is capable of providing variable power to the load.. Because of their negative characteristic slope. In normal applications.' ---- dV/dt 10 kV/fls INPUT load line for different intervals. transistor-like structure that --- --- -- ~ IIBO'" the negative characteristics associated with diacs when they are exposed to voltages in excess of the breakover voltage V(BO). above which the device enters a negativeresistance region. the circuit does not provide the recommended gate-current overdrive for switching of the fast-rising high-amplitude load currents present in resistive loading. CoO 21'F time exJtibits a high-impedance blocking state up to a breakover voltage V(BO). The characteristic curve in Fig. often referred to as a bidirectional trigger diode. Because of their bidirectional properties and breakover voltage level. diacs are used in conjunction with RC phase networks to trigger triacs.. diacs can also be used with capacitors to provide the fast-rising high-magnitude trigger current pulses recommended in thyristor applications which require efficient gate turn-on for the purpose of switching high-level load currents..~ HORIZONTAL" 0 IJLs/em.1n Fig. called a diac. triggered earlier in the ac cycle than devices that have a higher gate trigger current Fig. diacs are useful in triac control circuits in which variable power is to be supplied to a load. gate-circuit RC SNUBBER R-'20. 3.. A more efficient circuit for control of variable power to a load that eliminates the need for tight gatecurrent distribution uses a solid-state trigger device. 18 shows rIBO. Furthermore. three-layer. The . VERTICAL" 200 V/cm 11121~ nI 1. which is voltage dependent. 16 . and results in uncontrolled conduction angles for a given value of gate series resistance. is a two-terminal. PULSE Fig. 17 .fl.Waveforms showing response of a 100-millihenry solenoid control circuit to a fast-rising transient. as shown in Fig:19.

and. Fixed power is achieved by use of the thyristor as an ON-OFF switch. and analysis of SCR and triac behavior for various circuit conditions. but is restricted to some finite level as a result of the diac negative-impedance characteristic at high values of pulse current. Power control is accomplished by SCR turn-on at various conduction angles with respect to the applied voltage.RC phase network provides an initial phase-angle displacement</!so that conduction angles in excess of 90 degrees can be realized. as represented by the angle a. Turn-off parameters for this Fig. SCR's found wide acceptance in the control of universal motors. As the voltage on the capacitor begins to build up in a sinusoidal manner.' ~ ~ w 0.8 u " '"w. it is generally accepted that a diode Fig. 20 shows the peak pulse current of a diac as a function of the capacitances of the phasing capacitor C.Peak pulse current of a diac as a function of phasing capacitance. a simple shorting switch across the SCR provides the necessary function.• circuit are not critical because the SCR has a half-cycle of applied negative voltage in which to recover. n IPK ~ PULSE ~RRENT ~3". and small over-all package size. As previously mentioned. and are also capable of providing either fixed or adjustable power to the load. long-life control for half-wave control circuits.• D..• •. the capacitor does not discharge completely. the breakover voltage V(BO) of the diac is reached.0 . The criteria for turn-off in this circuit is important because the SCR must recover its forward-blocking state during the time that the forward current stops flowing. 23 shows one-half of the bridge during the time that the forward current is approaching zero current.20 .2 Fig. and a portion of the ac input voltage .--1 1.z. 21. Although this time interval may appear to be very small. SCR's are capable of providing speed control over half of an ac sine wave. particularly in the portable power tools market. Fig. the triac is turned on. Fig. 0. 22 when forward current approaches zero for a resistive load... emphasis has been placed on circuit simplicity. Thyristors meet these goals. The SCR provides a reliable.23 . D.. Many fractional-horsepower motors are series-wound "universal" motors capable of operation from either an ac or a dc source. The following section discusses both SCR and triac circuit operations. 22 shows a full-wave bridge that feeds a resistive load and uses an SCR as the control element for load current.Half of bridge circuit of Fig. When the voltage on the capacitor C reaches the breakover voltage V(BO) . such a switch is shown in Fig. the diac offers a negative-resistance region and is capable of providing current pulses whose magnitude and pulse width are a function of the capacitor C and the combined impedance of the diac and the gate and main terminal ot' the triac. if full power is required. and adjustable power through the use of an RC phase network which provides variable phase-gating operation. Two diodes are in series with the SCR. close analysis of the voltage wave during the transition time in which the full-wave bridge reverses direction reveals that substantial time exists for turn-off. . In the control of ac power by means of semiconductor devices. 0. low cost. highly efficient.s provided to the load. In the early stages of thyristor control.

8 vofts to zero can be analyzed by reference to Fig. LlJ 2.Waveform 0': circuit in Fig. which decays to zero in 46 microseconds. below this value. the motor loading. turn-off is accomplished through recombination. as shown in Fig. Further increases in input voltage magnitude result in shorter turn-off periods. FuJi-wave ac switching can also be performed by use of two SCR's in an inverse parallel mode.9 volts. i.8 volts to zero.8 volts. Analysis of the voltage wave for an angle of one degree shows that an input voltage of 120 volts rms results in a voltage equal to 2. even though separate trigger sources are required. one degree being equal to approximately 46 microseconds. the sum of the voltage drops over the circuit requires 1.e.6 volt is required to maintain each diode in conduction. Because of the applied reverse voltage and associated time of the half-cycle voltage. This circuit can be used as a simple static switch or as a variable phase control circuit.5 14. the same analysis holds true. I Fig. power control to the load can be lost if the rate of rise of applied voltage is exceeded. As the bridge reverses current direction. are more difficult to define because they are affected by a number of variables. turn-off This two-SCR circuit is often favored over a triac circuit. a graph can be constructed to show the time interval during which the voltage is less than 1. 24.8 volts to zero. It does not make use of a full-wave diode bridge. and rate of rise of applied blocking voltage.av Fig. During the half-cycle of the applied voltage that SCR-I is conducting. often referred to as a "back-to-back" SCR pair. .8 volts for various magnitudes of applied voltage. device turn-on can occur if the rate of rise of applied forward voltage exceeds the device rating for critical rate of rise of off-state voltage. For SCR operation from a full-wave bridge in which there is no appreciable reverse voltage available..2 ---t I -------i . for reactive loads. 22 as voltage wave goes from 1. turn-off times are not critical. such as fractional-horsepower motors. but possesses an inherent advantage in higher-frequency applications because advantage can be taken of the periods of the alternating voltage in which either device may recover to its blocking state. SCR-2 is reverse-biased and can recover its blocking state. If it is further assumed that a voltage of approximately 0. If the load is inductive with lagging current power factor. Normally.3 milliseconds. forward conduction current is not resumed until the sum of the voltage drops exceeds 1. 24.25 . This analysis gives a clear. Because a sine wave is linear for very small angles.Full-wave ac switching back" SCR pair. As shown in Fig. Because the SCR is non-conducting below a circuit threshold of 1. Because this voltage is a forward-bias voltage to the non-conducting SCR.6 volt is required across the SCR to maintain conduction. Fig. well-defined picture of the turn-off time available for a resistive load. the turn-off conditions. The waveform during the interval that the voltage wave goes from 1. Therefore. The presence of the applied reverse current helps to shorten turn-off times because the reverse current sweeps out the charge in the blocking junction. peak forward blocking voltage applied. the ratio of inductance to resistance. However.24 . times for SCR's are industry-standardized to include peak forward current.8 volts.9V ~ l. including turn-off time and dv/dt stress. The circuit has the disadvantage of separate trigger logic. For inductive loading in an inverse-parallel-mode SCR application. the conducting SCR commutates at the time the principal current reaches zero crossover (point A) and reverts to the blocking state. and the effects of circuit loading on SCR operation must be clearly evaluated. the SCR drops out of conduction. A half-cycle (180 degrees) of conduction requires 8. but simply uses the SCR's in an alternating mode. 26 shows the waveforms of com mutating dv/dt for the SCR circuit. because it is supposed to have better commutating capability. a total exposure time of 57 microseconds elapses in which the SCR is allowed to regain its forward-blocking state. and the phase angle of motor current to source voltage.8 volts. I I TloE -f" f---46#5 ~ 28.8 volts.voltage of approximately 0.5 microseconds then elapses while the voltage decays from 1. a time of 28. a reapplied voltage of opposite polarity equal to the source voltage then appears across the nonconducting SCR. 25. An equal time is required for the bridge to build up to the threshold voltage of 1. circuits using a "back-to- §? I I I I. including the back EMF of the motor. rate of rise of reverse current. increasing the magnitude of the applied voltage source to 240 volts rms cuts in half the time interval which the SCR is allowed for turn-off.

26 .) '--. the use of semiconductor devices for ac power control has emphasized circuit simplicity. Although it may appear that the rate of rise is extremely fast. these leakage currents are relatively small. and the chance that the load will be connected to main terminal I is 50 per cent. the power supplied to the load is then increased and the lamp intensity is effectively increased. which are a function of applied voltage and junction temperature. When the voltage across C reaches the breakover voltage V(RO) of the diac. 25. it is important that the rate of rise of applied voltage during commutation not exceed the device specification for critical rate of rise of off-state voltage under worst-case condition or unreliable operation may result. the result is uecreased lamp intensity. changes in the resistance value R effectively apply variable power to a load (which is a lamp load in the circuit of Fig. Therefore. Although the basic light-control circuit operates . the capacitor charges to the breakover voltage V(RO) of the diac earlier in the ac cycle. the triac is in the off-state and the entire line voltage is across the triac. but could also be a motor load or heating element). Although the load is arbitrarily placed in series with main terminal 2.Waveforms of commutating dv/dt for SCR circuit of Fig. The basic light·dimmer circuit is described below because it provides a good example of triac behavior as related to load reqUirements and of the operation of a diac in an RC phase-control circuit. but also to suppress transient voltage that may occur as a result of ac line disturbances. and the resulting load voltages are generally ignored. 27. achieved all of these goals. and also simplify gate logic requirements for triggering. The development of the bidirectional triode thyristor. therefore. not only to limit the voltage rise during commutation. If the value of resistance R is decreased. . If the value of resistance R is increased. (Actually. triac triggering occurs later in the ac cycle and applied voltage to the load is reduced.Fig. Fig. the capacitor discharges through the diac and the gate-to-mainterminal-I impedance of the triac and turns on the control triac. at most in the milliampere range. closer circuit evaluation reveals that the dv/dt stress is restricted to some finite value which is a function of the load reactance L and the device capacitance C. low cost. As previously mentioned. any commercial lamp dimmer available has two wires brought out for external connection. and an RC phase-control network. It is generally good practice in inverse-parallel operation to use an RC snubber network across the SCR pair to limit the late of rise to some finite value below the minimum requirements. and small over-all package size. the triac turns off and reverts to the blocking state. a triac. Triacs can perform the same functions as two SCR's for full-wave operation. As the load current reverses direction (zero crossing). the line voltage is transferred to the load for the remainder of the applied half-cycle voltage. inexpensive triac circuit that can provide variable power to a load over a full cycle' of applied voltage is the light-dimmer circuit. However. referred to as a triac.) The only requirements for reliable operation are that the RC phase network be in parallel with the triac and that capacitor-discharge loop currents be directed from the diac to the triac gate and main terminal I. the circuit performs equally as well if the load is shifted to main terminal I. A simple. there is some voltage across the load as a result of triac leakage currents. This sequence of events is repeated for every following half-cycle of applied voltage. and the applied voltage serves to charge the timing capacitor C through the variable resistor R. 27 shows the basic triac-diac light-dimmer control circuit with the triac connected in series with the load. This circuit contains a diac. Therefore. At this point.. The RC charge-control circuit is in parallel with the control triac. During the beginning of each half-cycle. no voltage appears across the load. (Actually.

if not carefully controlled. the control potentiometer travel may be as high as 25 per cent before triac turn-on occurs. this change reduces the gate current pulse and. The level of RFl generated is well below that caused by small ac/dc brush-type motors.. Hysteresis is an undesirable feature if the circuit application requires low-level lamp illumination because a momemtary drop in line voltage may result in the triac "extinguishing" or missing one half-cycle of applied voltage when the capacitor voltage is barely equal to the breakover voltage V(BO) of the diac. after which the control potentiometer may be turned back 15 per cent before the triac "extinguishes". 29 (reduced hysteresis). 27. Fig.TICAL) GATE TRIGGER POINT capacitor C as related to the applied line voltage_ The initial displacement angle ¢ is a result of the phase angle due to the value of the RC components used. as shown in Fig. it does affect the short-wave and AM radio bands.control circuits is referred to as the ratio of applied load voltage when the triac initially turns on (as control potentiometer is slowly reduced from some high value) to the value of load voltage prior to "extinguishing" (as the control potentiometer is slowly increased to some higher value). the current applied to the load increases from essentially zero to a magnitude limited by the load impedance within the triac switching time. additional components are often added to reduce hysteresis effects. However. extend the effective range of power control. Some reduction in hysteresis can be realized by inserting a resistor in series with the diac Fig. as represented by the shaded area at the first trigger point. The second trigger point and subsequent trigger points represent the steady·state level at which triggering occurs. may result in di/dt failures because the triac switches highmagnitude current under minimum gate drive. the control potentiometer must be reduced to "start up" the triac again. Hysteresis is a result of the capacitor discharging through the diac and not recovering the original voltage prior to triggering. [THEORET1CAL) GATE TRIGGER POINT ~ Fig. 30. As C2 supplies the charging voltage for the diac breakover voltage V(BO). " (THEORE 2. or a "double-time-constant" circuit such as that shown in Fig.Charging cycle of capacitor-diac network in Fig. and suppress radio-frequency interference. If this condition exists. 27 (high hysteresis). The restoring of the charge on C2 maintains the original triggering point very closely and results in extended range of the control setting. 29.30 . This triac circuit can be turned on for very low levels of applied voltage and is not prone to "extinguishing" for line-voltage drops. As the value of the control potentiometer is slowly reduced.with the component arrangement shown in Fig. and that portion of the ac wave remaining appears across the load. the value of charging voltage reaches the breakover voltage V(BO) of the diac. Hysteresis in triac phase. and the triac allows that portion of the ac wave remaining to appear at the load.28 . Although this rapid rise does not affect television and FM radio frequencies. A more effective method of reducing hysteresis is to use a second RC time constant. there is an abrupt change in capacitor voltage (A V):Therefore. but some means of RFI suppression is generally required if . At this point. If the circuit has high hysteresis.Charging cycle of capacitor-diac network in Fig. 28 shows the waveforms of the charging ' 2na to reduce the effective diac negative resistance and minimize the change in capacitor voltage. This rapid rise of load current produces radio-frequency interference (RF!) extending into the range of several megahertz. as represented by the shaded area at the second trigger point. the second trigger point is reached much earlier in the next half-cycle. Because triac switching from the high-impedance to the low-impedance state can occur in less than one microsecond. the abrupt change is capacitor voltage during diac turn-on is partially restored by capacitor CJ . as the capacitor charge reverses direction.

This through method of controlled high·current use of a proportional synchronous approach providing varies bursts switching the control heating circuit or zero·voltage average of full cycles phase· The integrated generator for con· transition. comfort display radar. and effects of SCR's and triacs on circuit performance. applications boards. An inductor is connected in series with the triac control to on crossing. 31 are effective associated is a monolithic features. rate of rise. dual considered additional chokes Depending on suppression mayor triac control in tolerable. systems controls.LH ~ . lamp or replacement.~ RCUtT I 1. Note in reducing RFI noise for rms load currents up to 6 amperes to such an extent that the effects on short·wave and AM signals are either minimized or amperes of rms. level. with the entire and network a filter to bypass RCA·CA3059 This lJ J' ~. for fuel·fired standby which generating doors preViously in solid·state power·control home design. controls. ignition.the triac phase·control period of time cannot be tolerated. CONTROL 100 beginning turns as a trigger·current inhibits sensor the RFI generated turn·on has many which at the triac Conclusions This e!GHT + primarily circuit external the zero·voltage used circuit triac current and circuit restrict the Because sudden A reasonably effective suppression technique is shown in Fig. and improvements impact residential Industrial simplicity. gives design circuit Technological now finding may be required. offered most new doors deflection and igniters and emergency systems. characterized the is as electric motors. furnaces. of electromechanical everyday marine engineers low cost. suppression the the For ac circuit lines values above can be achieved to the performance may not be effective has reviewed triac by use network. gate trigger character· istics. required. heating. The values steps of on near temperature and voltage conditions. and other 6 such means of of power package controls is through integral·cycle ing. sonar. the zero·voltage thyristors in achieving freedom introduction An the zero or shorted. in thyristor fully opens for such applications. alternate with are minimized. but are opening The appliances. circuit is to be used for any extended in an environment in which load RFI generation by turning zero-voltage current. greater reaching in Fig. for 400·Hz to many were devoid It appears applications are The may aircraft of the that the be the . being felt in than normal lamp dimming. one of which is a fail-safe pulses in the event from power 10 using switch· the of ac voltage load to the thyristors that the the viewpoints of assembly the saturation circuit application. commulating support advantages RCA capability answer to thyristor. output TIle availability small shown switch during is opened counterparts. 31. the control circuits circuit trol of thyristor the current capacitor is used in parallel high·frequency signals.I~F"""'" . protection acceptance triacs tube from environments TV relay or far applications for multiple·horsepower widespread applications are of thyristor automotive inverters.

while an extensive review of thyristors is available in RCA Application Note AN-4242. shown schematically in Fig. In addition. while MT2 can also be either positive or negative referenced to MTl. 2. The mechanism of flashover is initiated by . Triac operation. the triac is able to handle the large transient currents that result from cold ftIament turn-on (inrush) and ftIament rupture (flashover). the triac blocks both portions of an ac sine wave. Both these transient conditions impose a high surge stress on the controlling triac. In the absence of a gate signal. "A Review of Thyristor Characteristics and Applications".modes in energizing the ac load. as shown in Fig.. and (b) principal current characteristic for a triac. I(a). when a triac is triggered by connecting a resistor between MT2 and the gate. but a steady-state or pulsed gate signal will switch it on as in Fig._- -H::::. Other thyristor characteristics will be introduced below as needed. The thyristor most applicable to this application is the triac. The gate signal can be either positive or negative with respect to main terminal no. MODE MT2 G 1+ + + 1- + 111+ voltage- + 111- ruptures. 1- (a) Schematic svmbol. I (MTl).OOa3LJ1] Thyristors Application Note Solid State Division AN-4537 Thyristor Control of Incandescent Traffic-Signal Lamps This Note discusses the use of thyristors in the control of traffic signals. For example. stresses on triacs in operation with incandescent lamps. however it can be caused by a mechanical shock. yet can be gated by the low-power signals from electronic control timers or monitoring computers. and a number of triac circuits for control of incandescent lamps in traffic signal applications are discussed below. extremely high-current surge through the triac that is initiated when a lamp filament HOLDING CURRENT ------. 0HSTATE TRIAC OPERATION A triac. the four possible modes of switching are depicted in Table I. is a bidirectional triode thyristor. which without proper circuit design can be destructive. which can carry the electrical power required for incandescent traffic-light bulbs. t.-CURRENT ON STATE QUADRANTm MAIN TERMINAL 2 NEGATIVE Fig. SURGE CURRENT THROUGH INCANDESCENT-BULB TRIACS IN OPERATION The traffic-control circuit designer must be aware of two characteristics of incandescent bulbs: end-of-life fIlament rupture and cold-filament inrush surge. the triac operates in the 1+ and III. Flashover Flashover is a short-duration. The rupture is most likely to occur as a result of a termination in bulb life. I(b).

because of either increasing arc length or decreasing ac line voltage. while the peak inrush current with zero-voltage switching can be approximately five times as great as the steady-state peak current. Fusing of triac circuits is described in more detail in the following discussion of inrush current. This built-in fuse is not 100-per-cent effective against flashover and therefore cannot In tungsten-filament lamps. or both.. Typically. If switching occurs at any other phase of the voltage sine wave. the voltage phase at the instant of filament rupture.. 4- (a) Inrush current at peak voltage point. Fig. Its magnitude and duration depend on many factors.. it is usually difficult to provide circuit fuse protection against flashover.. The rate of decrease depends upon the thermal time constant of the tunsten filament. Finally. For bulbs of 100 to 150 watts the duration of the surge can be typically less than 4 milliseconds. the electric field becomes too weak to sustain the a. has been reported. If the flashover occurs at a zero-voltage crossing. however. the maximum inrush peak current can be ten times as great as the steady-state peak current. The actual peak magnitude of the source voltage.•. and the arc is extinguished. 3 shows a flashover current pulse. 4 shows how the current in a lamp circuit decreases to the steady-state value. The instantaneous value of line voltage across the break sets up an electric field that ionizes the gases in close proximity to the gap. Thus maintenance costs are reduced and system reliability increased. The actual currents in a circuit under inrush and steady-state conditions do not vary in these ratios. an increase in life of approximately ten times.. Thus zero-voltage switching of a lamp effects a soft turn-on that reduces the initial peak of inrush current by half and greatly increases bulb life. Typical values can be given for the stress of flashover at a load center point. usually argon and nitrogen. with typical peak values ranging from 80 to 200 am peres when the flashover occurs near the maximum voltage point. because of the inductance and external limiting resistance of the circuitry.100 ms / L 2 TO :3 TIMES Ipk STEADY STATE . This increase of bulb life by zero-voltage switching has been verified by test results. the peak current through the bulb is less than "worst case". the current surge may be reduced as a result of the dependence of the magnitude on the voltage phase at rupture. Most incandescent bulbs are provided with a fuse built into one of the lead-in wires. and . as shown in Fig. the cold filament resistance is approximately 1/18 to 1/12 of the hot mament resistance. The arc is maintained as long as the regenerative heating and ionization continue.be depended upon to protect the triac. provide an electrical conduction path across the gap. it is obvious that the highest inrush current will occur at the peak of the voltage sine wave in a lamp load circuit. and the impedance of the lead wires and other circuitry (including RFI filters) all affect the duration and magnitude of the surge. Fig.. Inrush the gap formed when rupturing occurs. and the resulting current heats and ionizes more gases until an arc is formed across the filament lead-in wires. For bulbs of less than 75 watts the duration of the surge can be typically less than 2 milliseconds.••100 ms Fig. with a 90 per cent confidence level. (b) inrush current at zero-voltage point. Furthermore.."' 2T03TlMES Ipk STEADY STATE ~ . 4. A ~:. The magnitude of surge can vary considerably. The ionized gases.'c. including the lead-in wires to the bulb. Because of the short duration of the flashover current.

. Zero-Voltage Switching with an IC An RCA-CA3059 integrated circuit (IC) can be used with a triac to accomplish zero-voltage switching of a load. CIRCUITS With the closely·related transient stresses imposed on a triac by an incandescent-Iight·bulb circuit having been noted. multistage. which has a single-cycle surge capability of 300 amperes. However. For low·power bulbs the flashover current is substantially greater than the peak inrush current. For a 1000-watt bulb.•_. Fuses in incandescent-lamp circuits must not blow under the stress of inrush current. ._ a bulb is exposed to its most severe normal operating stress during inrush. while the peak inrush current is approximately 120 amperes.4-537. and fuse protection is simple. The circuit shown in Fig. fusing is difficult. One solution is to use a 40-ampere triac (available in the RCA-2N5443 series). Discrete-Component Zero-Voltage Switching A discrete·-eomponent circuit that accomplishes zerovoltage switching of a grounded tungsten mament load is 120 VAC 60Hz j Circuit that uses the CA3059 and a triac to switch a lamp at zero voltage. "Features and Applications of RCA Integrated-Circuit Zero·Voltage Switches. yet must blow under flashover current. _•. Fuses set to blow at 150 amperes peak flashover current of short duration may also blow under the long-duration._. a Darlington output driver. When QI is off. terminal No. the peak flashover current might still be between 100 and 200 amperes.4 of the CA3059 would be at line voltage above ground and the substrate (terminal No.__ . in which the bulb load is usually grounded and the power circuit ground and the logic ground are common. 5- Functional block diagram of the RCA-CA3059 integrated-circuit zero· voltage switch. These pulses trigger the triac on in the 1+ and III+ modes at the zero-voltage crossing for the resistive-tungsten-mament bulb and effect the desired result of decreasing inrush current. a number of circuits that help to reduce these stresses on the triac and increase lifetime of the bulb are discussed below. ~_. __. slightly-lower-amplitude stress of inrush. As a result. a differential amplifier. Fig. a fusing solution to the problem of triac protection would be marginally reliable. to control this 10-ampere load. 6 were grounded. 6. this problem is eliminated in the discretecomponent circuits described below... 5. For example. The CA3059 is a monolithic. When QI is biased on... . 6 has one disadvantage for traffic controls. Here again system reliability would be improved and maintenance costs reduced." The CA3059-and-triac circuit for zero-voltage switching is shown in Fig.. A more extensive description of this IC is given in RCA Application Note ICAN-6l82. switching and flashover occur at some point other than the peak voltage. A functional block diagram of this IC is shown in Fig. . the IC generates gating pulses of approximately 40 milliamperes for 100 microseconds that straddle the zero-voltage crossing points.7) at ground potential when the bulb was energized. and other features.. therefore the resulting peak current is usually within the handling capability of the triac. the IC would be destroyed.AN. a 100-watt bulb might have a typical flashover current of 100 to 200 amperes and a typical inrush current of 10 amperes. the IC does not generate pulses to the gate of the triac. integrated circuit that incorporates a diode limiter. the weakest spot of the fIlament often ruptures and causes a flashover at turn-on. Similar problems are encountered whenever the logic circuitry is directly coupled with the triac power circuit and the load is grounded. This arrangement presents a severe problem of int~rfacing between logic and power circuitry. Most often. If the load in Fig. however.. As a result. . For large-wattage bulbs. a threshold detector.

there is continuous gate power driving T2 wheneve: T I is on and thus the light is on hard. when QI is off the logic interfacing triac T1 is off. (b) voltage on bulb when 01 is on. When T2 conducts. therefore. 8. the triggering circuitry is shorted.modes. As Fig.QFF SWITCHING CIRCUITS Two other circuits that can be used in the traffic control area are shown in Figs. it turns on close to the zero-voltage point. Little gate power is dissipated in this circuit because T2 shorts across its gate circuitry when it is on. 9- Waveforms for circuit in Fig. For a 200-watt bulb in the circuit of Fig. it connects R4 from gate to MT2 of T3. CI can charge through RI and R2 to diac breakover. 7- Discrete-component circuit used grounded load at zero voltage. to switch a C2 0. 8. These circuits have the advantages of a common ground between logic and power circuitry. is set so that T2 is fired for only a small portion of the voltage cycle. In the positive-logic switching circuit of Fig. which can be a fixed resistor of approximately 98 kilohms. 7. including a filament pre-heat arrange- Fig. the first peak of current through the bulb was 7. This Fig. When QI is turned on. They also show how some of the stresses involved with the switching of incandescent lamps can be reduced. 7 and 8 show that triacs can be used to switch power lamp loads and also interface with low-level logic systems. . 8- t\ -11--. T1 is gated on and R3 is shorted. The waveforms of this circuit are shown in Fig. For a typical T2300B device. T2 and the lamp are off. With Q lon. therefore.5 amperes when the warm up circuit was used and 25 amperes with cold-fllament inrush. which discharges CI into the gate of T2 and energizes the load. In this circuit. 13. The low-conduction-ohase firing of the bulb keeps the tungsten fllament warm but not hot enough to radiate any readily visible light. and the lamp load turns on. and isolation between the dc logic and the power circuitry afforded by use of the interfacing logic triacs. T1 is on and source voltage is shunted away from the load. The associated waveforms are shown in Fig. In this circuit. no triggering power is dissipated while the lamp is on. jJ. When T1 is off. With T1 gated on. With QI biased off. 12. Other switching circuitry for use in traffic controls is discussed below. and thus triggers T3 on in the 1+ and III. where a fllament pre-heater function is included in the switching arrangement. 10 and 12. II. II(d) shows. R3.F +5V r • Fig. These circuits of Figs. the load is also zero-voltage switched after the initial turn·on. T1 is off and T2 is gated on through RI and RJ.068 firing is accomplished by the standard double-time-constant lamp-dimmer gate circuitry of T2. triggering in the 1+ and Ill· modes results in firing at about 7 volts peak on the line.e"'9° 7. Filament Pre-Heating Another approach to reducing the inrush current is shown in Fig. A variation of this circuit with opposite (negative) logic is shown in Fig. After T3 is turned on. 2N5755 A circuit ment. 9. grounded bulbs. OTHER APPLICABLE ON. The various circuit waveforms are shown in Fig. logic triac T I is used to interface between the low level logic and the load triac T2.shown in Fig. 10. C I is charged through RI to the breakover voltage of the diac. 8: (a) voltage on bulb when 01 is off. Because T2 is a sensitive-gate device. when T1 is triggered on. at which point T2 and the load are triggered on.

Waveforms for negative-logic switching. Logic power could be conserved by use of pulse drive. however.I " °1 VT201C\'20V ~ V VLol~_C\'20v -32V-M VCO~_32V_c=J i V ~~IC\VLJ C\ ". the logic circuitry would be more complex. O~---~ T'ME (0) 'n '" 'I TIME (01 C\ 1\ . Both of these circuits are shown with continuous gate drive into triac TI. 14 shows a thyristor circuit that accomplishes this flashing function.L 120 v AC ~ f Igt=25 mA VT.) Fig.I .1 I 1'\ ~ ~ ~ TI~~ TIME (. with no change of power stage operation. R4. A waveform for the component values shown is displayed in Fig. two lights are usually flashed on and off as a warning display. The important features of this circuit are the simple. As shown.. "Features and Applications of RCA Integrated-Circuit Zero-Voltage Switches_" . 13. THYRISTOR FLASHER Thyristors can also be used to advantage in flasher-type traffic-control systems. CI. The drive to the control triac is de and is alternated between Tl and T2 according to the timing set in the multivibrator. R3. In these applications.J TIME TIME (0) (e) (d) (b) CJ C r ·. rugged de power supply used and the use of SCR's as both timing and memory devices to trigger the triacs. C2. 15. a silicon-controlled-rectifier (SCR) multivibrator functions as the timer and flasher-triggering driver.) (. Alternative approaches to the traffic control flasher are given in ICAN-6l82. R2. Ig. Fig. The timing can be modified by selecting different values for any of the following components: RI.

A number of other methods can be used to isolate these stages in a traffic controller.(a) Circuit.modes and little power is dissipated in the gate circuit. The effect . as shown in Fig. 17 shows the use of a light source and photocell combination. as shown in Fig. 20. A typical filter used in conjunction with ac loads is portrayed in Fig. 16. a Fig. RFI is generated in the initial wavefront. the triac is gated in its 1+ and III.DC ISOLATION In the circuits shown thus far. Because the photocell is part of a single-time-constant circuit. When the relay is activated. control. The circuit of Fig. the circuits above that utilize the RCA-CA3059 IC inherently include RFI suppression.100 lo} ~ 8b Bb:::::8czO.LL- ~ TIME and (b) waveforms of reed-relay gate RFI SUPPRESSION Radio-frequency interference (RFI) that can result from the fast triac SWitching of high power loads must be considered in traffic control circuits. 18. 16 illustrates the use of a reed-type relay. thus.30 SEC. A pulse transformer can also be used for isolation. A 5-kHz signal into the gate turns the triac on at initiation of the pulsing and keeps it on until the oscillator is stopped. 19. it must have enough dark resistance to keep the voltage across C I below 32 volts so that the diac does not switch and discharge the capacitor into the gate of the triac at all times. Fig. I I· _ _ _~_\:~_. When an ac load is switched on. 1 120VAC j ~" RELAY R~ CIRCUIT AC . One method of reducing RFI is zero-voltage switching with resistive loads. either a triac or an IC is used to interface between the dc logic and the ac power circuitry. Circuits that do not use zero-voltage switching require external filters for RFI suppression. This steep wavefront contains many harmonics that can be sustained by the circuit Q.

~O~~_~ __ "TIME r:c" 120 V AC I 120VAC 1 LOGIC CIRCUIT RFI FILTER r-----j I I I IOO/l-H I I I L OI~F I I I I --I .

and thereafter must support a main terminal voltage of the reverse polarity that is equal to the source voltage. and thus produces an Ldi/dt voltage. 1- Series connection of a triac. this voltage is reapplied very rapidly. 3. voltages with high rates of change (dv/dt) can be generated that can cause a non-gated turn-on of the triac. once it has been turned on. Commutating dv/dt And False Turn-On Fig. This Note analyzes the RC network design and presents graphs that allow a designer to select a snubber to fulfill his requirements. must take into account the peak voltage that can be allowed in the circuit. If the gate signal is removed before the principal current decreases below the holding current. The simplest method of dv/dt suppression is the use of a series RC network across the main terminals of the triac. to assure reliable operation. The rate of reapplication of this off-state voltage for a resistive load and a l20-volt 60-Hz source is typically 0. This false turn-on can occur if the dv/dt exceeds the critical rate of rise of commutation voltage of the triac. After the triac turns off it must block the reapplied instantaneous line voltage of the reverse polarity. I shows a control triac in a typical connection with an ac power source and a load. an inductive an ac power source. and the maximum dv/dt stress that the device can withstand. load. the device turns off and regains its blocking capability. or if voltage ringing occurs that exceeds the blocking capability of the triac (VOROM)' The false triggering caused by these mechanisms resul ts in a loss of control of power to the load. it continues to conduct until the principal current drops below a value that just supports the regeneration. This current level is called the holding current of the device. The device then undergoes a reverse recovery period. and In a circuit with an inductive load the voltage leads the current by some phase angle <P as shown in Fig. The turn-off of the triac causes a rapid decay of current through the inductance. TRIAC PRINCIPAL CURRENT TRIAC PRINCIPAL VOLTAGE Fig.064 volt per microsecond if the stray inductance due to wiring is minimal. This rapidly . 2- Principal voltage and current for a triac in operation with a resistive load. If the gate signal is removed at time to' the device continues to conduct until the current attempts to reverse polarity. Fig. The design of this network.Thyristors Application Note ffilCTI3LJD Solid State Division AN-4745 Analysis and Design of Snubber Networks for dv/dt Suppression in Thyristor Circuits When a triac is used to control an inductive load. commonly called a snubber network. The triac is a regenerative device. This rate of reapplication generally does not cause turn-on of the device. it is necessary to provide means to suppress this dv/dt stress as it is commonly called. Because the triac goes from the conducting state to the blocking state in a very short time. 2 shows the triac principal voltage and current waveforms when the load is resistive. therefore. Fig.

4 illustrates this false turn-on. but does not eliminate the current completely. Finally. (bl two· transistor model of an SCR.~own in Fig. 6. 5(b).- TRIAC PRINCIPAL TRIAC PRINCIPAL VOLTAGE CURRENT Fig.(al Two·SCR representation of a triac. Part of this current flows through the equivalent transistor emitter of the adjacent SCR. consists of a resistance RS and a capacitance Cs placed in series across the main terminals of the device. If the total of the three currents is sufficient to cause the sum of the transistor gains to become unity. Fig. a capacitive displacement current flows to the reverse-biased middle junction of the blocking SCR. 3. but the displacement current flow can be controlled by use of an RC snubber network that limits the rate of reapplication of off-state voltage. rising off-state voltage stress is impressed across the main terminals of the device and can cause it to turn on.6- Triac circuit using a snubber network of RS and Cs connected across the triac. some charge remains in the bases of the equivalent transistors that comprise the conducting SCR. Upon application of the opposite-quadrant off-state voltage.Principal voltage and current curves showing triac malfunction that results from commutating dv/dt produced bV inductive load. this displacement current. 5. this voltage ringing can exceed the blocking Fig. The snubber network. excessive ringing can occur in the circuit. with junction capacitance shown. In addition. Malfunction of the device is then caused by the inability of the triac to block the voltage even though it can withstand the dv/dt stress. some charge may already exist in the bases of the blocking SCR because of lateral transport of carriers from the previously conducting side. k CATHODE dV IDIS = CM dt dCM ctt + V where CM is the capacitance of the reverse·biased junction and V is the voltage across that junction. An example of voltage ringing is shown in Fig. illustrated in Fig. SOURCE VOLTAGE/ I TRIAC PRINCIPAL CURRENT . For some snubber component values and some types of load. Fig. 5(a). this charge flows as a recovery current. The use of the shorted-emitter construction by RCA shunts some of the current away and thus permits a higher dv/dt stress to be placed across the device. 7(b) shows the same voltage on an expanded time scale. A triac analog that uses two silicon controlled rectifiers (SCR's) provides a simple understanding of how this dv/dt causes the device to turn on. lOIS. and a two·transistor analog of the SCR is shown in Fig. 7(a). 4. At the end of the half cycle of on-state current conduction. . Fig. The first two current flows are functions of device design and construction.Principal voltage and current for a triac in operation with an inductive load. can be described by the following equation: Fig.capability (VOROM) of the device. the device switches on. The inverse parallel SCR analog of the triac is .

qc(t) is the instantaneous charge on the capacitor.L 50V T dv V2 .RL shown on an expanded scale. ( exqd + Id The voltage across the device the voltages across the snubber the following fundamental < 4L!C =~cos (wt + IQtI €. With differential the imposition the of the switch.. is a standard source. _~(RL --- + RS~2 - 2L Fig. driven by be designed circuit can state. an ac voltage equation around circuit replaced in the blocking open must stress and to have an acceptable I LCs -1Zi sin (¢ + 0) (2) S is the instantaneous current after ~[exqdli+id] the switch 2 +qd2 opens.. 7- (a) Ringing.!-C )!(RL + RS)] w S RL + RS Ii. I (RL + RS) + J(wL --C) the the circuit: in which + RS\ 2L the triac is represented the Fig. VM is the peak line voltage. the equation for the charge on the capacitor can be stated for the three circuit conditions 1) be- ( _ qcCt) -C"S + ¢ + 0) vRS (t) = RS dqcCt) -d-t- by calculating and resistor from . equation equation as follows: Condition II: (RL + RS)2 liqd ) ..Condition 112: (RL + RS)2 -IVMI qc(t) T (WI + ¢ + 0) = ~cos + cext [(I = 4L!C + ext) qd + idt] v 250 1 Condition 1l13: (RL > 4L!C + RS)2 -IVMI qc(t) --1 1- 20/".. and ¢ is the phase angle by which the voltage leads the current After differentiation comes a standard constant and prior second-order coefficients. in (b) principal the voltage _1 __ f. LCS Basic Circuit Analysis The suppression network dv!dt 8 shows an equivalent triac has been switch. + (o) = ~cos cext T[ + ¢ + 0) (wt (exqd + idt) sinh Ii'l + Ii 'qd cosh Ii 't 1 . principal caused by voltage of inductive triac. used for analysis.VI dt·~ ¢ = tan'] (w L!RL) 0= -tan -I [(WL-.. in which RLC series by summing \ to limit the overshoot. be obtained The When following by the network differential voltage IVMI qd= cos(¢+O)+qc(O) wlZI drops IVMI + qcc(t) = VM sin (wt + ¢) dt i(t) 2 w S i(O) (RL + RS) i(t) + L diet) 7 . or non·conducting the voltage by an ideal switch. load. to opening rearrangement.ext sin (~t + 1)) is determined capadtor relations: t) vCS -IVMI qc(t) = tan -I with of the boundary conditions that i(O)=O and qc(O)=O.

(2) At the intersection of the vertical line and the dashed line that represents the allowable dv/dt. As an illustration of the above procedure. and (3) the allowable dv/dt.(3 Cs A computer is used to calculate the voltage across the snubber because hand calculation is time-consuming. three things must be known: (I) the rms line voltage. a . This program therefore allows evaluation of various load and snubber combinations in a matter of minutes. For the non-ideal load the graphs are used in the same fashion. 9 and 10 show the values of Cs and RS that limit peak voltage across the triac to specific values.RS sin(wt +¢ + 0)] +_1_ [(I + <Xt)qd + idt] c<Xt Cs + RS [(I . The magnitude and time of occurrence of the peak voltage are found by numerical analysis. The use of the lower-voltage device in any application is contingent on the ability of the circuit to limit any possible voltage ringing below the VDROM rating of the device. As previously stated. 9 is used to find snubber component values that limit the dv/dt stress to 5 volts per microsecond for a 40-ampere rms current in a l20-volt rms line. From Fig. a 400-volt device should be used for operation on a 220-volt line. These values are used to compute the dv/dt stress as defined by the following equation: _ V2-Vl dv /dt In general. For applications involving the control of a load operating on a 120-volt ac line a device with a VDROM of 200 volts would be desirable. The following procedure is used to obtain the required snubber components: (I) Draw a vertical line on the proper voltage graph at the load current. Fig. Figs. 9. it is most desirable from a cost standpoint to use a device with the lowest possible VDROM capability. The snubber can be designed to limit this voltage ringing during the post-commutation period to within this rating.18 microfarad. -t2=ti Snubber Design Procedure For use of the graphs. (2) the rms load current. these graphs were developed to limit the peak voltage for a zero-power-factor load. these values are Rs = 340 ohm and Cs = 0. Read the value of RS from the right vertical axis. draw a horizontal line to the left vertical axis. and then the values and times of the voltages at 10 per cent and 63 per cent of peak are calculated. draw a horizontal line to the right vertical axis. Read the value of Cs from the left vertical axis.<x2tqd] Condition III: (RL + RS)2 -IVMI [ I vet) = -I-Z-IwCs E-<Xt (20) > 4L/C cos (wt + ¢ + 0) -RS sin (wt + 1>+0) E-<Xt ] +-.<Xt)id . 0)] + IQtIE-<Xt sin ({3t+ 1) + IjI)J sin ({3t+ 1) + ~ (18) where IjJis defined by the following expression: 1jJ= tan-I ~) Condition II: (RL + RS)2 = 4L/C -IVMI vet) = -IZ-I- ~~s cos(wt + 1>+0) . (3) At the intersection of the vertical line and the solid line that represents the allowable dv/dt. 10 shows the components that limit the voltage to 400 volts when the rms line voltage is 220 volts. Fig.The sum of these two voltages then represents the instantan· eous voltage across the triac. Fig. 9 allows the selection of snubber components that will limit the peak voltage of 200 volts for a zero-power-factor load at the desired dv/dt for an rms line voltage of 120 volts. The following equations give the instantaneous voltage for the three circuit conditions: Condition I: (RL + RS)2 <4L/C -IVMI [ I v(t)=-IZ-I-[wCS cos(wt+1>+O) -RS sin (wI + 1>+ [C~ where V I and t I are the voltage and time of the 10-per-cent point and V2 and t2 are the voltage and time of the 63-per-cent point.

the phase angle between the voltage and current decreases toward 00. 9 to be 960 ohms and 0. AJternati"g Current Circuit Theory (New York: Harper & Brothers. 9 and 10 can be used for loads having any power factor.Design curves for snubber that limits peak voltage to 400 volts for 220-volt ac line and zero power factor.10 u • . pg. The circuit analysis described in this Note assumes the effects of the triac to be a minimum. Ibid.:. . This decrease in the phase angle shifts the time of commutation in the half-cycle toward the zero-voltage crossing and thus reduces the instantaneous voltage. 2. References I. As the power factor increases. 3. The over-all effect is to increase sliglllly the average dv/dt stress across the device. this snubber nctwork limits the peak voltage after commutation to 140 volts. 1948). The reduction in the peak voltage excursion is caused by the decrease in instantaneous voltage at the time of commutation. Ibid.7. 284. In such a 468 468 I RMS LOAD CURRENT 10 (I. 276. Because the design of a snubber is contingent on the load. This effect is most noticeable when the snubber capacitance is less than 0. A numerical example shows how a load that is not purely inductive reduces the peak voltage after commutation. pg. Reed. a triac with higher dv/dt capability or higher VDROM rating should be used.reduction in the peak voltage following commutation and a slight reduction in the dv/dt stress are the only effccts introduced by the non-ideal load.is example demonstrates that the dcsign graphs of Figs. n.04 microfarad. values obtained may be impractical from a cost or sizc standpoint. 9- 10 (I )-AMPERES '" ~ 0. the peak voltage is limited to 200 volts. Myril B.C dv/dt stress is also slightly lower than the 8-volts-permicrosecond value. A higher dv/dt capability allows selection of new snubber components to meet the size and/or cost requirements of the circuit. The reduction in the dv/dt stress is the result of both the reduction in the voltage at commutation and the increasing resistive impedance of the load. The snubber components for 8 volts per microsecond at an rms current of 22. Design curves for snubber that limits peak voltage to 200 volts for 120-volt ac line and zero power factor. If the load is purely inductive.o ~ " : 1 u '" case. A higher VDROM rating permits a higher peak voltage excursion that in general will allow selection of a smaller snubber capacitor and smaller resistor. If the load has the same current rating but a power factor of 0. n. Tlie peak voltage is reduced because the instantaneous line voltage at the time of commutation is only 121 volts.001 microfarad. 284.t • . The additional current flow tends to increase the instantaneous dv/dt during the first few microseconds following commutation.7 amperes are found from Fig.) - 10D AMPERES Fig. '"'" ~ t. or • •• I RMS LOAD CURRENT Fig. Selection of a snubber for a lower dv/dt stress limit will generally eliminate this problem. it is almost impossible to simulatc and test every possible combination under actual operating conditions. 10. pg. Thus some error is introduced by neglect of the reverse recovery process and the displacement current. Because the selection of snubber components is dependcnt on circuit and device characteristics. It is advisable to measure the pcak amplitude and rate of rise of voltage across the triac after a snubber has been selected.

or 400-Hz The clfcuil ac line voltage opcrJtes of 12(: to . the zero-voltage- Integrated-Circuit Zero-Voltage Switch The RCA-CA3059 is intended thyristors integrated-circuit primarily and as a trigger is particularly temperature-control zero-voltage circuit suited applications. A built-in pulses action. have different in this Note. a 50-. and the necessity for and methods controls one logic control diagram that is driven for the directly CA3059 from the output terminal of this circuit should be characterized for operation in the 1(+) Or 111(+) triggering modes. a detector.Thyristors ffilCI8LJD Solid State Division Application Note AN-6054 Triac Power Controls for Three. than a triac is connected in the incoming independent the CA3059. Only applications in the 3. This multistage circuit employs a diode limiter. and the specific design loading condition systems. output RCA-CA3059 integrated-circuit the trigger circuit for the command circuits. even! amplifier. Recom· mended circuits configurations intended for balanced three-phase ments for (Unbalanced are then shown for power-control use with both inductive and resistive loads. schematic Any triac such as to the gate circuit opened as either controller. The an on-off type of ctepending upon the required. in this Note single-phase in which integrated-circuit zero-voltage trjgg:erjn~ in the power-control CA3059 in this Note. the lines can also single-phase RCA-CA3058 Delta within systems. in general. The basic of ac 2. circuits.e. 60-. the applied ac voltagc). switch for the control use I shows in of thyristor a functional block diagram of the CA3059 integrated-circuit zero-voltage switch. the basic switching to drive external and application configuration *'n described zero-voltage power triacs. driver current a differential to proVide capability transistors developed other of these CA3059 controller the should integrated circuit.Phase Systems The power has growing demand in heating controls resulted control in the of approach switching for solid-state and other increasing three-phase sWitching industrial use of triac power. The dc trigger directly fail-safe sensor may be employed or a proportional 2 shows The to the thyristor inadvertently degree of temperature Fig. isolated a basic employed in this approach are outlined. for use in the design rules 4. i. the switch is used as * The following in the design of the triac control should with either delta be connected the triacs in placed a three-wire external or wye arrangements to the may be used. each type of three·phase design requirements. All information given on the is.. For operation with resistive loads. Four-wire loads in wye configurations can be handled as independent systems. for Fig. which are not covered require- are discussed. an integrated-circuit zero-voltage switch specifically intended for use in triac triggering is briefly described. can be applied external be circuit integrated by this circuit that switch and a Darlington these stages is supplied power supply that of an SCR or a triac. supply voltage for zener-diode-regulated circuits signal signal Three separate threshold In the power·contro! This switching technique should be used to minimize any radio-frequency interference (RFI) that may be generated.) from the three-phase conditions circuits: I. for regubtion the inhibits gate circuit the pulse the in the integrated-circuit Or shorted. and -CA3079 s\\'llchc'i may al50 be used for tfiac circuits. by an internal has sufficient elements. is available must triac gating signals are required. equally applicable to the CA3058 power be for the electrically system. of for isolation of the dc logic circuitry in power three-phase systems are pointed out. with positive gate current (current flows into the gate for both polarities of directly from 277 volts. are also imposed The load load. This Note circuits explains to the ctesign of triac control circuits of three-phase power. three configurations each phase rather be handled as three addition to and CA3079.

5 120 I---~- L __ W 2 271 zero-voltage switch_ I for RS !! 208/230 Fig_ I-Functional I DISSipation Ratmg k VAC I Input SerIes ReSIStor (RS) AI1~p~iFE ..RATi.o.AC Input Voltage (50/60 or 400 Hz) 2. I RESISTANCE VALUES RCA CAJ059 1~EC.£~C~T ARE IN OHMS _ F 2 • 5 block diagram of the CA3059 integrated-circuit I ALL 0. . I 0.. '0 20 25 I I 0..

. can also be used with some phase load. The triac contains approximately be to the for polyphase configuration employs steady-state In this system. and the photo transistor two components provide a voltage of this integrated File No. and the ReA Linear Integrated Qrcuits Manual. between the output pulses of the the in this type of application: are 120 degrees apart. If The referenced this type of isolation point phases. Two phases the system. the triac is turned off). when operated in the de mode with "orne additional circuitry. when terminal 13 is connected to terminal 14. the Loads Fig.e. trigger at low current thyristors tions. The light-emitting diode must the cannot the all output respect circuitry systems. 490. revert to synchronous LI NE VOLTAGE the volts. to circuits described (i. photo-coupled to the sensor should then be accidentally opened or shorted. other sensing amplifier (transistors 02 a differential comparator. a driver triggering. the line voltage voltage incoming ac line voltage. for must be circuit width a thyristor of 250C. under ambient-temperature requirements). by and then must operation. common diode aimed at a silicon photo transistor. Fig. turn on the the command circuit on. / \. when heat is not required. Fig. condition. The phases command required. gate voltage and current ambient (transistors are at a high voltage. temperatures maximum circuit position gate conditions of 08 and 09) the sensing-amplifier the output the stages Le. The isolation typically of 1500 such as pulse transformers.e. component condition. IC-42. relationships such be switched of a as may be used in all on simultaneously at These type of must be turned on for initial starting of These two phases form a single-phase which is out phases. worst-case extremes selection of the and higher- may be necessary for particular applicatechnical bulletin File No.) As shown in Fig.transistor 0 I). zero voltage. conditions of phase with The single-phase phase by 30 degrees degrees.. 5 shows with to and de logic must three-phase random circuitry circuit that the starting.e. isolators) are isolation ac circuits consist illustrates three-phase zero-voltage /'. /'. the external I". The limiter output is also applied to the rectifying diodes D7 and D 13 and the external capacitor CEXT that comprise the de power supply. signal that the de logic The ReA integrated-circuit zero-voltage 'iwitch. because photo-coupled I must of with power is essential. or reed relays. Other isolation techniques. can replace the de logic circuitry for temperature controls. The gating zero volts. "high". feedback. and 3 shows supplied to the of (i. in which the application of load power is controlled by zero-voltage switching. The following con- three-phase synchronous -----V--+--~"J<--~ de line in this Note. the low-level electrical dictates the state of the load. the three phases cannot 2. 3.. of a common modifications. For temperature circuitry includes a temperature sensor for provide" controls. Detailed information on the operating characteristics and capabilities circuit are given in RCA technical bulletin be however. 250C. The power supply provides approximately 6 volts (at terminal 2) as the de supply CA3059. electrical section.. which generates an oujput pulse during each passage of the line voltage through zero. magnetoresistors. operation from a The light-emitting coupled is the in a input is the output section. a the logic system is given when to turn off the system Time proportioning of zero-voltage operating heat is is given heat control is the use of logic commands. (The RCA is enabled to terminal of the fail-safe and the when be a must be pulses to the The CA3059 can supply sufficient to trigger most RC A thyristors at However. however. shown of and of an infrared basic resistive ditions are inherent 1. circuit value for 720-volt 60·Hz line voltage). RCA properly. at of the if a poten- isolators circuit Resistive 4 balanced / -+-7 \. A single three-wire 3. designed for use with the integrated·circuit zero-voltage switch as the triggering circuit. consequently. a simplified through first be turned as a single-phase heater control switching in also possible the CA3059 and the ac line voltage (pulse duration de load..Timing relationship logic in all heater applications. The on/off through 05) is basically gating circuit direct triac the inputs Fig. logical" '-high". the fail-safe circuit of the CA3059 is operable. fail-safe circuit the ratio functions provide the signal from of the sensor is the sensor.. Rp is less than impedance to the impedance 4 to I. power is removed from the load (i. I. and lags the other indicate that both circuit in order of its leads one phase by 30 to maintain a system in which no appreciable RFI is generated by the switching actIOn from initial starting through the steady-state operating *Thc is a typical logic phase of a wye configuration system cannot be turned on.. internal three-phase techniques command application note ICAN-6182. common package. 406 lists triacs In the photo-optic used only when thermistor tiometer. the system switching.

There are several ways in which the CA3059 should in the is accom7. as start-up is accomplished. to zero-voltage crossing. and OCI5 take control. inductive current. all control is ended. as a slflgi~·pllasc line·to-Iine circuit. negligible. the other two will turn off simultaneously. OCI4. Inductive Loads For inductive required because instantaneously. 6. The output of the CA3059 approximately connected 5 milliamperes series resistor. Terminal 3 is 2 to limit the steady-state power . usually the therefore. i. the triacs cannot be pulse-fired voltage. zero·voltage inductive turn·on current the amount is not generally cannot is of the lagging nature provide a continuous dc output instead of pulses at points'of This mode of operation of terminal 12 to terminal in Fig.TO 3 PHASE RESISTIVE lOAD (DELTA OR WYEI Fig. is recommended to terminal of the at zero may be applications.e_. 7. and the triacs automatically turn off when the sine-wave current dccreases to zero. plished by connection 750-ohm T230lD increase of RFI generated Also. 90° later. as is apparent from Fig. Once the first phase turns off.Three-phasepower control that employs zero-voltage synchronous switching both for steady-state operation and for starting. the three photo-coupled isolators OCI3. because interfaced to a triac for inductive-load direct approach is to use the CA3059 to loads. 4. as shown also be limited dc mode by the Use of a triac such as the RCA for this application. The most in the dc mode. and three-phase synchronization begins_ When the "logic command" is turned off.

Voltage phase relationship for a three-phase resistive load when the application of load power is controlled by zero-voltage switching: (a) voltage waveforms. R5. through the current-limiting resistors R4. to assure initial latching-on of the system. In critical applications that require suppression of all generated RFI. R2. 4. and R3) are used for current limiting of the gate drive when the opposite-polarity triac is triggered "on" by the line voltage. A balanced three-phase sensing circuit is set up with the three CA3059 circuits each connected to a particular phase on their common side (terminal 7) and referenced at their high side (terminalS). comprised of phases A and B. In addition to synchronous steady-state operating conditions. The start-up condition is zero-voltage synchronized to a single-phase. 02. 2-wire. starts the system at zero voltage. This artificial neutral point is electrically equivalent to the inaccessible neutral point of the wye type of three-wire load and. Because only one triac is pulsed on at a time. The three resistors (R I. this circuit also incorporates a zero-voltage starting circuit. OCI4.PHASE RESISTIVE LOAD (DELTA OR WYE) Fig. 5-Simplified diagram of a three-phase heater control that employs zero-voltage synchronous switching in the steady-state operating conditions. The single-phase CA3059. The logic command engages the single-phase "start-up" CA3059 and three-phase photo-coupled isolators OCI3. to an established artificial neutral point. line-to-line circuit. is used to establish the desired phase relationships. only at a zero-voltage crossing relative to their particular phase. and. and R6. the circuit shown in Fig. and 03) are necessary to trigger the opposite-polarity triac. The CA3059 circuits then provide a positive pulse. The deviation at start-up and turn-off should be noted. the diodes (0 I. The same artificial neutral point is also used to establish the proper phase relationships for a delta type of three-wire load. in this way. approximately 100 microseconds in duration.RANDOM START-UP POINT V2 30"--1 Fig. (The dashed lines indicate the normal relationship of the phases under steady-state conditions. (b) load-circuit orientation of voltages. 6 may be used.) The three photo-coupled inputs to the three CA3059 circuits change state simultaneously in response to a "logic command". which is synchronized to phases A and B. therefore. OCI5 through the photo-coupled isolators OCII and OCl2. . As soon 3 .

will be minimal. the T2301D is used as a trigger triac to turn on any other currently available power triac that may be used. three-phase capability Therefore.). the current-handling of the T230 I D triac (2. SP·52. (A detailed explanation of commutating dv/dt is provided in the basic discussion of thyristors in the ReA Solid-State Power Circuits Designer's Handbook.) . For most load applications. The RC networks pulse transformers and reed satisfactorily in this type of across the three power triacs are used for suppression of the commutating dv/dt when the circuit operates into inductive loads. The trigger triac is used only to provide trigger p. therefore.5 amperes) is not sufficient.dissipation inductive within the CA3059. Simplified circuits using relays will also work quite application.llses to the gate of the power triac (one pulse per half cycle). the power dissipation in this device.

the nest of wiring usually needed to interconnect the incoming power line and the various independent loads results in substantial labor costs and possible substantial in-line reworking of ranges to accommodate design changes or failures.2K elf :0.1 I'F CI =0.Schematic diagram of retrofit-type top-burner control. Other advantages of solid-state-control designs are manifest in their ability to accept design change or add-on designs to satisfy a customer's desire for improved products.. Because of the unusually high ambient temperatures that can be encountered in various areas of the range. cost factors other than actual parts costs must be considered. AC TYPICAL VALUES: Llf.----~. Fig. to justify the use of solid-state controls. lower manufacturing costs. is suflicient for an understanding of all of the circuits. Dependability can be measured in fewer in-line design corrections and possibly fewer calibrations. The diac. this feature is discussed in detail below. Calibration of these controls is generally cumbersome and time consuming because multiple settings are usually involved. which is a three-layer. Before any particular design approaches are discussed. I shows the schematic diagram of the circuit. particularly the power devices. caution must be used in locating the semiconductors. p-n-p device. a retrofit approach to the top-burner design where "infinite" control is used is examined. 1. advanced system-cost analysis by appliance manufactu'ers. A single-time-constant phase-control circuit is used on each burner as the infinite control. Areas on the range that allow for the mounting of these devices and/or their heat sinks should' be determined by the appliance manufacturer according to temperature profiles of his enclosure. In addition. RFI. The most popular method of control of these units is by switching relays or "infinite-switch"-type heat-sensitive switches. Top-Burner Controls As an introductory method of control. Because each heater-control circuit is identical. and can have limited life with respect to switching cycles because of contact failures. broiler. the control is acceptable.AppliCatiOn NOte AN-6096 Solid-State Approaches to Cooking-Range Control As a result of decreasing semiconductor costs.. The reliability and the ease of handling of solid-state controls add to their dependable operation and desirability. the self-cleaning feature is easily incorporated in the various oven controls. an examination of one. and are approaching electromechanical-component costs. represent a further over-all system-cost reduction. however. and top burners. forms for the circuit. and capacitor C 1 form a 60-Hz voltage divider in which high values of resistance for PI limit the peak voltage swing on Cj.~~ . and. from the standpoint of parts cost.IOO~H R1=2. . This Note presents various solid-state design approaches available to the rangecontrol designer. Semiconductor costs have been decreasing.. which eliminate the nest of wiring. At this time it displays a negative resistance. Design and Function Considerations The primary areas of range control design to be considered are the various heating elements: the oven. For example. Bj.-----~. resistor R j . and increased consumer consciousness. 2 shows the various wave- :~~-----+---~. However. exhibits a high impedance until a peak voltage of approximately 32 volts is applied across it. Such controls generate radio-frequency interference. a review of some of the characteristics of the devices used is rec- ommended.1 ~F PI :250 K Fig. Lower manufacturing costs coupled with the ease of handling of printed circuit boards. in turn. Fig. Potentiometer PI. various solid-state range-control designs can be applied to today's market.

The limiter stage of the CA3059 clips the incoming ac line voltage to approximately ±8 volts. 4.cluded in the oven to provide a closed-loop system for accurate control of the oven temperature. a costly RFI filter must be incorporated in the design.J4 !OOFF I I I I I p. These disadvantages include cost. 1.e. In this circuit. * D ~32 V PK LJ. the functional block diagram for the CA3059 is shown in Fig. the sensing-amplifier output must be high. If either of these conditions is not satisfied.1tering(a substantial part of the total cost). 3. the capacitor discharges through the diac into the gate of the triac and turns the triac on to its low-impedance state. Transistor pair Q2-Q4 is off if the voltage across the sensor. to the other stages of the CA3059. pulses are not supplied to terminal 4.ntegrated-.e. D4' D5. The power supply consists of diodes D7 and D 13 and an external resistor and capacitor connect~d to terminals 5 and 2. but it has several disadvantages.. Fig. that can switch the heavy resistive loads with minimized RFI generation. the need for RFI fJ. To suppress this nuisance. This action is repeated every half cycle. 2. 5 shows the circuit diagram of the CA3059. which generates an output pulse during each passage of the line voltage through zero. The on/off sensing amplifier is basically a differential comparator. '(J'" " L:L Fig. The power supply provides approximately 6 volts. infiniteswitch-type control of the burners is accomplished. still has a high-frequency content in the AM broadcast band. connected from terminals 13 to 7.L A OVEN Fig.1 volts) for either the positive or negative excursion of the line voltage. Q6' Q7' Q8' and Q9 comprise the triac gating circuit and driver stage. and the feasibility of solid-state device use in the control design is demonstrated. The addition of . The RCA CA30591 . if the potentiometer is set to allow capacitor C I to charge up to 32 volts peak.Waveforms for the circuit of Fig. and the output of the fail-safe circuit must be high.. the external voltage to terminal I must be a logical I. 2. zener-diode D 15. by using another circuit approach. Fail-safe operation requires that terminal 13 be connected to terminal 14. the line voltage must be approximately zero volts. i. The gating circuit is enabled when all the inputs are at a high voltage. an output appears at terminal 4. and transistor Q I' The differential amplifier consists of transistor-pairs Q2-Q4 and Q3-Q5' Transistors QI. Diode D 12. and D6. ZYS. as the bulky discrete components do not warrant printed-circuit-board mounting. as the YCC supply. however.. exceeds the reference voltage from 9 to 7. Fig.JL.. The triac can still be utilized. Therefore. and to ground through pin 7. If transistor pair Q2-Q4 and transistor QI are turned off. The triac gating circuit contains a driver for direct triac triggering. This signal is then applied to the zero-voltage-crossing detector..Functional block diagram of CA3059 .. Llf and C!fare included to suppress the RFI generated by the switching wavefront of the triac. I shows that the triac can be used to switch the burner elements without arcing or contact bounce. zero-voltage switching. The zerovoltage threshold detector consists of diodes D3. but the resulting "clean" waveform. 4. This type of circuit is a retrofit design.2 is used to accomplish the zero-voltage logic switching. a sensor element is inBROILER I L'~:>-----"'~~-«0L. However. Zero-voltage switching is demonstrated in the oven control circuit shown in Fig. respectively. Transistor QI is in the off state if the incoming line voltage is less than approximately the sum of the voltage drops across three silicon diodes (2.rcuit zero-voltage switch. The limiter output is also applied to a rectifying diode and an external capacitor that comprise the dc power supply. and the need for considerable hand wiring. Oven/Broiler Controls Fig. and transistor Q I 0 constitute the fail-safe circuit.

In Fig. along with the sensor. The closed-loop feature then cycles the oven element on and off to maintain the desired temperature to approximately ±20C of the set value. gate current is applied to the triac. Conversely.Og :€K " R8 15 R6 15K ALL RESISTANCE VALUES Rg 25 ARE IN OHMS Fig. as has been noted. a circuit that provides approximately I O-per-cent hysteresis is demonstrated. external resistors between terminals 13 and 8. the temperature of the oven can be adjusted by means of PI. as a voltage divider at terminal 13. NTC RI R2 5 K 12 K 12 K 12 K 68 K 12 ~ lOOK 200K 18 K . and 7 and 8. The voltage at terminal 13 is compared to the fixed bias at terminal 9 which is set by internal resistors R4 and RS' When the oven is cold and the resistance of the sensor is high. which acts. a pulse of zero-voltage switch. 6. the bias at terminal 13 turns the triac off. can be used to vary this temperature and provide hysteresis. Q2 and Q4 are off. 5.Schematic diagram of CA3059 hysteresis and the elimination of half-cycling can be achieved by a resistive voltage divider connected from terminals 13 to 8 and from 8 to 7. Also. as the desired temperature is reached. and heat is applied to the oven. 3. As shown in Fig.

----t=<-------< 0--<. in the low resistance 60Hz I . The output of this ramp generator is applied to terminal 9 of the CA3079 and establishes a varied reference to the differential amplifier. Note that in both cases the sensor element is directly returned to the system ground or common. ( 92CS. the flexibility of the control circuit permits incorporation of other features. external switching. can be connected by external resistors to provide for a variety of biasing. 10. Terminals 9. a unijunction oscillator is outboarded from the basic control by means of the internal power supply of the RCA CA3079. In the circuit. In addition.. if the PTC sensor is cold. of 100 microamperes. 7 is offered to accommodate these Proportional Zero-Voltage Switching Zero-voltage switching control can be extended to applications in which it is desirable to have constant contrel of the temperature and a minimization of system hysteresis. I nov inexpensive metal-wound sensors.e. Fig. Is. 9.Schematic diagram of circuit for use with low- resistance sensor. the sensor enters the high resistance state.20842 Fig. and containing less-costly system wiring. Hence. is shown in Fig. and the triac switches the load off. and is used widely in home comfort controls. Further cycling depends on the voltage across the sensor. gate pulses are no longer applied to the triac because Q2 of the CA3059 is on. 3 and substituting the PTC for the NTC sensor. A schematic diagram of the RCA CA3080. which must be characterized for the high.. 3 performs well with sensor values in the 5. to match a lower-resistance sensor for which the switching point voltage has been reduced to maintain the same sensor current. The ease with which this self-clean mode can be added makes the over-all solid-state system cost-competitive with electromechanical systems of comparable capability. more easily calibrated.g. the existing sensors in ovens are usually of a much lower value. When the temperature of the PTC sensor increases to the desired temperature. self-clean temperature. state. A PTC sensor is readily used by interchanging terminals 9 and 13 of Fig. Although PTC sensors rated at 5 kilohms are available. as is often desired. the potentiometer must be capable of a setting such that the sensor. can monitor and establish control of the high-temperature. which enables both broiler and oven units to be paralleled. A closedloop top-burner control in which the temperature of the cooking utensil is sensed and maintained at a particular value is a good example of such an application. very low values of sensor and potentiometer resistance can be used in conjunction with the CA3059 power supply without causing adverse loading effects and impairing system performance. the system incorporates solid-state reliability while being neater. e.•. the load is energized.In addition to allowing the selection of a hysteresis value. self-clean mode. To accommodate the self-cleaning feature.. 3. Low-Resistance Sensor The circuit of Fig. a forward transconductance of 2 millimhos is achieved in this configuration. the circuit for this control is shown in Fig. 7. the operational transconductance amplifier used in Fig. Of course. Hence. the voltage on terminal 2 becomes greater than that on terminal 3. to flow from terminal 13 of the CA3059 (the input impedance to terminal 13 of the CA3059 is approximately 50 kilohms). 83 With an amplifier bias current. i. 7. can easily be incorporated in the design. This action allows the sink current. IABC.. and II.. The circuit depicted in Fig.to I O-kilohm range. The CA3080 switches when the voltage at terminal 2 exceeds the voltage at terminal 3.

The phase-control circuit could be used for three lOp burners. I I I I I I I I __ J . the time base of the ramp should be shorter than the thermal time constant of the system but longer than the period of the 60-Hzline. 12. The top burners Ll. indicates that a typical variance of ±O. L3. the various approaches can be joined and a system constructed. and L4 VLOAD 120V GO-Hz Now that the feasibility of a solid-state control for the range has been established. 9. which contains various waveforms for the system of Fig. Overshoot of the set temperature is minimized with this approach. less expensive. I requires excessive handling in construction and does not lend itself to printed-circuit-board construction. in order to cut system costs. For precise temperature regulation.AN-6096 _ hot sensor. L2. Fig. A design that meets these requirements is shown in the block diagram of Fig. Central-Processor Since the phase-control top-burner arrangement of Fig. Further. it is recommended that a more compact. total printed-circuit-board approach to the range control be investigated. the proportional control II 2ig I I I vI I I RI ~o"~ Jn R 39 2 W L_ ---. I J and the schematic diagram of Fig. 10. and scorching of any type is minimized.SoC might be expected at the sensor contact to the utensil. it is recommended that similar circuit functions be multiplexed or shared as much as possible in one area in the circuit.

the logic diagrams of these devices are shown in Figs. . 13 and 14.(Fig. 12) are all controlled by the single logic bank of COS/MOS circuitry composed of the RCA CD4013A and the RCA SET 1 6 DI 5 ClOCKl 3 RESET I 4 SET 2 8 D2 9 CLOCK2 II RESET 2 10 7 vss 92C5-20838 VDD 16 DATA A °IA CLOCK A °2A 4 STAGE RESET A ° 3A 10 °4A DATA B 15 RES~T B 13 12 CLOCKa 4 14 °IB ° 2B STAGE °3B °4B B Vss 92CS- 20837 CD4015A.

the zero-vol tage sensing transistor. Each register has ~~E ~LTAGE CLOCK POSITION b ~ independent clock and reset inputs as well as a single serial data input. high-current (100 milliamperes). respectively. 15 A A A A A A flJ\ A A A f\1j A A A ~VV Vl) If VIfIJlJVl[\[VVV V\[V A A A A A A A A " A A A A A A A fI c WVDAM A A AAf\P \[VA V \[VVIJV result when clocking pulses are applied from the clock stage. This circuit arrangement results in minimized RFI. and clock inputs and Q and Q outputs. or to more than eight stages using additional CD40 l5A's.1-volts peak. Register expansion to eight stages using one CD4015A package. is possible. the waveforms of Fig. The bases of the input transistors of the Darlington drivers are all connected to the collector of Q I. Resetting of all stages is accomplished by a high level on the reset line. That is. silicon. Each flip-flop has independent data. set. All register stages are D-type masterslave flip-flops. The output of the rotary switch is connected to the drive triacs through the Darlington-connected triac gate drivers. These drivers are made up of pairs of transistors from the RCA CA3082. 16 demonstrates the power waveforms for the circuit . n-p-n array. base drive shunted from the Darlington drivers by Q I causes zero-voltage switching of the triacs and restricts the average power drain of the dc supply by pulsing the triac gates. The outputs of the COS/MOS register are fed to the eight-position rotary-selector switch for selection of the duty cycle to be applied to the load. reset. These devices can be used for shift-register applications and. for counter and toggle applications. so that triac gate-drive pulses are applied only when the ac line voltage is approximately ±2. Setting or resetting is independent of the clock and is accomplished by a high level on the set or reset line. The logic level present at the D input is transferred to the Q output during the positive-going transition of the clock pulse. Fig. Q outputs are available from each of the four stages on both registers.The RCA CD4013A consists of two identical independent data-type flip-flops. a seven-transistor. The logic level present at the data input is transferred into the first register stage and shifted over one stage at each positive-going clock transition. a simple RC diac oscillator (60 Hz). With the CD4015A connected as an eight-stage register and the CD4013A used as the reset. The CD4015A consists of two identical independent fourstage serial-input/parallel-output registers. by connecting the Q output to the data input.

and lower manufacturing costs because of the decreased amount of wiring. RCA Application Note ICAN-6268. Care must be taken. Pl. Fig. "Applications and Extended Operating Characteristics for the RCA-CA3059 IC Zero-Voltage Switch". Q I. 12. "Linear Integrated Circuits-Building Blocks for Control Applications". M. an array of five n-p-n transistors with one pair differentially-connected as a Schmitt trigger in closed-loop configuration. Sheng. The nest of wiring which is now present in ranges is minimized by the use of the printed-circuit board. The VCC fed to the zero-voltage sensing transistor and respective gate drive switches the oven on. Extension of the circuit concept could lead to a future hybrid design incorporating custom chips. an NTC sensor. etc. Granieri. 12. Conclusions With the circuitry of Fig. By using an additional selector switch. the temperatureselector switch. An oven control is incorporated in the design by using an RCA CA3086. 12. control of the temperature of the top burners is provided without the need for calibration of a sensor element. and the relationship between the various CaS/MaS outputs and the base drive and subsequent gate drive of the Darlington drivers. Again. and the design is well suited for printedcircuit-board-module use. Wittlinger. self-cleaning action can be accommodated by this system. When the sensor is cold and has a large resistance. A PTC sensor could easily be used by inverting the sensor and potentiometer. while the single calibration between PI and TH I or an auxiliary calibration potentiometer is the only calibration necessary in the oven control. by George J. A. Granieri. The history of solid-state dependability should also be reflected in the low amount of field failures. This outlet can be used for an electric fry-pan. 17 demonstrates the effect of the zero-voltage sensing transistor.. by H. An additional Darlington pair available in the CA3082 is used for triac gating. to afford the best possible ambient temperature conditions and heat sinking.of Fig. RCA Application Note ICAN-6668. waffle iron. and can be controllable in the same manner as the top-burner elements. by George J. 2. Zero-voltage switching of the power elements results in minimized RFI. and related gate circuitry (made up of spare transistors in the CA3082) a controllable convenience outlet can be provided. Q I. TH I . These concepts should lead to easier manufacture with limited in-line failures. Resistor R8 is chosen to allow for the desired amount of circuit hysteresis. POSITION h POSITION _r===J _n~n~n~n _ COS/MOS OUTPUT _ h coffee maker. the sensor resistance decreases and the voltage it controls drops below the SWitching threshold of the Schmitt trigger. 3. 4. particularly with the location of the power triac for the oven. References I. As the desired oven temperature is reached. forms a voltage divider with the potentiometer. triac. Of course. Kleinman and A. the common de supply of the system is used in addition to the zero-voltage sensing transistor. The input transistor of the Schmitt trigger is a Darlington pair to provide sensitivity. "Applications of the CA3080 and CA3080A High-Performance Operational Transcondu~tance Amplifiers". toaster. RCA Reprint ST-6053. with proper external switching of the oven elements and the incorporation of a fixed resistor to bias the Schmitt trigger to the high temperature of the selfcleaning mode. "Application of RCA-CA3058 and RCA-CA3059 ZeroVoltage Switches in Thyristor Circuits". the Darlington input is turned on and causes output transistor Q I to turn off. As shown in Fig. . this drop in voltage removes the gate drive to the oven. RCA Application Note ICAN-6158. because the printed-circuit-board modules could be tested before assembly into the range. by H.

A second oxide diffusion mask is grown. whereas the triac is a bidirectional device used primarily for control of ac power. APPLY AND FIRE HARD GLASS PASSIVATING LAYER. such as surge in-rush capability. Grids and OPEN CONTACT AREAS AND METALLIZE. . A silicon-dioxide etch mask is grown and defined. DI:FINE AND D'FFllSE p+ REGIONS.) and has various contact configurations. The SCR is a unidirectional device used primarily for dc and ac functions. and n+ regions are defined and diffused into the wafer: 5. begins with an n-type. gate moats are etched into the wafer. immunity from line transients. and line-voltage isolation. Thyristors (silicon controlled rectifiers and triacs) are semiconductor switches whose bistable state depends upon the regenerative feedback associated with a p-n-p-n structure. Advantages and disadvantages of the active element over the electro-mechanical relay are discussed in general terms. silicon p layers are diffused deeply into both sides. suppression network. line isolation. The major limitations to SSR use are economic factors. and that comes in many package and circuit configurations. This new breed has been dubbed the "SolidState Relay" or SSR. I and delineated below. telephone type. and the need for multiplepole arrangements.Power Switching Using Solid-State Relay Solid-state relays make use of a semiconductor device for control of ac or de power. 3. GRIDS. this Note describes the triac as a power-switching element. etc. The SSR is particularly useful in areas in which increased reliability is required.RESISTIVITY n-TYPE SILICON GROW SILICON DIOXIDE FILM. reed. the semiconductor element chosen for power control is the triac. it has widespread use in power and logic circuits. Power switching using electromechanical relays (EMR) is probably as old as the electrical industry is. AC power control is covered by various circuit designs for ON/OFF control. Basic parameters. turn-off consideration and the different modes of triac gating are also discussed. NICKEL· LEAD-TIN SOLDER. and p+ regions are defined and diffused into the wafer. The process wafer. The EMR is a controlled device having either an ON state or an OFF state capable of handling large amounts of power for a relatively low input power. LASER-SCRIBt AN(l BREAK INTO PELLETS. and in which shock or mechanical fatigue impose severe limitations on the electromechanical relay. Since. 2. DEFINE AND ETCH GATE MOATS AND. 4. zero-voltage switching. glass-passivated triac requires the seven basic steps illustrated in Fig. TO-S. in most ac applications. mercury wetted. and uses transistors for dc power-control or triacs for ac power control. the EMR has been challenged by a new breed of relay which has no moving parts. The relay comes in many forms (general purpose. high-resistivity. GROW SILICON DIOXIDE FILM. is capable of handling large amounts of power for relatively low input power. I. Silicon-dioxide diffusion masks are grown. During the past few years. DEFINE AND DIFFUSl n+ REGIONS. transient-voltage ratings. The fabrication of a standard. 5 TART ING MATERIAL: HIGH.

Consider an inductive load in series with a triac and RC snubber network which also includes a switch for line-voltage interruption. thcn a voltage transient (E = L·di/dt) is generated which can exceed the voltage rating of the triac. and current must be removed or allowed to pass through zero for turn-off regardless of what the source-voltage poLarity is. Another type of transient particularly prevalent in the area of inductive loads. "critical-rate-ofrise-of-coml1lutation-voltage". it is usually because of the RC snubber network in parallel with the triac. or com mutates. are often required to support high voltages under high temperature conditions. The di/dt in the snubber is not affected by the inductance added to quell the di/dt caused by the stray or actual-load inductance: only careful selection of RC-snubbernetwork components will eliminate this second source of di/dt and minimize triac failures. Again. With the initiation of a gate signal. and the increased temperature releases additional surface ions. Whether triac degradation occurs is dependent on whether the energy transfer is within the bulk silicon or the edge avalance. turned on. the active area closest to the gate region is. The equal charge distribution assures the presentation of a low impedance to the in-rush current. Non-gatcd turn-on is not destructive if the energy transfer is within the maximum rating of the device. Although the transient-voltage problem may seem critical. The term describes the ability of the triac to turn off as the current passes through zero. and triac leakage. the instantaneous power dissipation is a function of the rate of rise of the onstate current. and ratings of 100 Alps are easily achieved. The wafer is then laser-scribed and separated into pellets. Transients are generally caused in a triac by the switching of inductive loads on adjacent lines or in proximity to the device. stray inductance is essentially zero. The imposed voltages create a field at the junction interface. Additional reliability can be gained by operating the triac under less severe voltage/temperature conditions. This unique feature results from the regenerative action of the thyristor. there are precautions that can be taken to minimize it. In most circuit applications. non-gated turn-on may occur. however. The effects of voltage and temperature are important in thyristors because of the regenerative action of these devices. Should the field concentrate the additional surface charge and allow it to migrate into the gate region. a parameter most significant during turn-on. It is well known that triacs are susceptible to non-gated turn-on and possible damage as a result of transient voltages. if the transient voltage does not exceed the off-state dv/dt rating. Consider an inductive load in which the load current lags the source voltage by a phase angle O. cause non-gated turn-on and abrupt cnergy transfer: and may result in damage to the triac. shortduration line disturbances. In such networks. Commutating dv/dt is less critical with resistive loads and most important with inductive loads. 7. Each manufacturer clearly rates device surge capability from single cycle to multiple cycles. the proper selection of RC-network components and voltage-clipping device will suppress the circuit-induced transient to a level compatible with the voltage rating of the triac. When di/dt ratings are exceeded. is used with triacs. and the magnitude of discharge current is limited by the snubber resistance. 2 contains an isometric view of a completed triac and dimensions of three devices now available or in the design stage. and a shunt resistance is built into the triac pellet during fabrication. and often overlooked. and. Contact areas are opened on the wafer and nickel-Ieact-tin solder metallization is applied. stray or actual-load inductance is present. and reverse voltage is nothing more than a forward voltage to one-half of the triac chip. for a few microseconds. a leakage current nows which is a function of the characteristics of the load. For critical applications. A hard glass-passivated layer is applied in the grids and gate moat. it is easily seen that a few microhenries of inductance are all that are required to limit circuit di/dt to within the maximum rating. an action which maintains the internal beta at a level such that. and because they Another important parameter associated with a triac is its di/dt rating. Since this rating cannot be exceeded repeatedly. This shunt reduces the immunity of the triac to non-gated turn-on. but does exceed the maximum voltage rating. the charge density is equally distributed over the entire triac pellet. This power dissipation may cause localized heating and result in silicon-lattice destruction and triac degradation. essentially. A new term. is the circuit-induced transient. One must remember that the triac is a current-dependent device: current is injected into the gate to turn the device on. With thc triac in the off state. As pointed out.6. the use of a voltage-clipping device in addition to an RC snubber effectively suppresses both the rate of rise and magnitude of line-generated transients. . The term "turn-off time" is not associated with triacs since triacs arc bidirectional. If the transient voltage gcnerated exceeds the critical rate*of-rise of the off-state voltage (dv/dt) then a displacement current (i = C·dv/dt) is generated which causes non-gated turn-on. This arrangement is most effective for fast rising. The use of RC snubbers in parallel with the triac can reduce the rate of imposed transients. then triac breakover occurs. care should be exercised in the actual application to provide a sufficient safety margin between the published ratings and the actual circuit in-rush currents. Fig. The di/dt ratings are a function of triac geometry and pellet size. If the switch is momentarily opened when the triac is off. One of the features that has made thyristors the work-horses of the power semiconductor industry is their ability to absorb in-rush currents many times in excess of their steady-state ratings. the RC snubber network. Most manufacturers realize that the gate region must be terminated for high voltage/temperature operation. under in-rush conditions. and for the condition of di/dt = Epk/L.

the circuit designer can use these specifications to choose an RC snubber network that will limit the reapplied dv/dt to within ratings. Not noticeable with SSR's. particularly when many relays are clacking about.001 · • ·..3. The solid-state class employs solid-state devices for both logic and triac gating.. ./ '"~ '" I I. z .•. Shock: The SSR is far supelior. Loss of triac control as a result of commutating dv/dt does not degrade the characteristics of the triac.: . because the current is very small (less than one milliampere) compared to'the load current. With switch S I open.Vrl ~ ~ . 10' -~. In either class. '"I I :-. .• I w u CURRENTIe I '0 10 A Before the advantages of SSR's are discussed.. /1 . Terrible with EMR's. there will be leakage-current flow to the load..•. the types available should be reviewed.0 /./' >< e u LINE /'': ' ••. calleq anode firing. Two types of SSR are available: all solid-state and hybrids. when the triac is in the ON state.) VALUES ON CURVES ARE IN V/~s I I 46s1 46Sl0 LOAD 10. . is an effective way of triggering because it uses the source voltage as a . SSR's are design dependent. Contact Bounce: Inherent with an EMR . current. 10' / /' / / . a small reverse current is established as a result of the charge in the n-type region. corrosion. SSR's may easily be polled. and voltage are easily made by use of the charts shown in Fig. TRIAC VOLTAGE -. Environment: High humidity..! A y ~. A minimum commutating dv/dt at rated current and at a specific operating case temperature should be defined in all triac applications. SSR's: They have no moving parts..I' · " ~ '. power control. This charge. A comparison of SSR's with electromechanical is given below. Proper RC snubber network selections for worst-case conditions of load power· factor.triac commutation occurs at zero current.tz.4.. As the load current crosses the zero point. X 1. and power control would be transferred by means of low-level-current relay contacts. RFI: Inherent with EMR's .• . and explosive atmospheres usually dictates a sealed relay. and may be designed to make and break at zero current. Input Logic: EMR's can be operated from low-level logic. and the relay contacts deteriorate with life..source of gate-current drive. switch S I is closed to provide gate drive to the triac.zero for SSR's. I - Vi w . '- ~ • " 10. • . Actually. . can cause the triac to turn on in the absence of a proper gate signal. the triac is used as the solid-state element for ac To apply power to the load in Fig. . ~ O. an ON/OFF circuit. This method of triac triggering. AFI: ("audio-frequency" interference). relays Life: An EMR physically makes and breaks load current. / ~ /' '- 1".dependent on SSR design. switch S I would be replaced by a relay.. bias resistor R 1 is utilized only during the initial turn-on of the triac."0 s. Bias-resistor R I is of the order of 68 to 100 ohms and provides the initial gate drive during every half cycle of applied voltage. However. the triac is off and essentially zero current is applied to the load. In a typical application..5 volts. it can be neglected in this and the following circuits. whereas the source voltage has some magnitude E.<' •. the triac always breaks at zero current. or for approximately two microseconds. . (In specific applications in which leakage current may affect control it would have to be considered.4.l u 220 -VOLT 92CS./ . Hybrids generaHy use a reed relay for triac gating for ac power control and so combine the electromechanical with solid state. In effect. Maximum gate current is available for triac turn-on at peak line voltage until the device goes to the low-impedance state. the amount of current is dependent on the applied voltage and triac case temperature..21Zl6 I . R I is in parallel with the ON-state voltage of approximately 1. A simple triac control circuit. . is shown in Fig. .----J\ f\ f\ f\ r I I I I I I I I V V V I I SI OPEN S2 CLOSED I VALUES ON CURVES-lARE rlN VIps j LOAD CURR ENT (bl 1- LOAD VOLTAGE 103 ~ 10' " A"~ . plus a displacement current (i = C'dv/dt) resulting from the reapplied source voltage.•. because. 0 / IY. In this state the current in R I is reduced by the forward voltage drop. The power consumption of R I is very low 0/4 to 1/2 watt).01s 0. but offer complete versatility.. Regardless of the design.

'and light-activated devices. the gating circuit is open and the triac is turned on for each zero-voltage crossing. Fig. this inhibits the triac gating circuit and removes any further gate drive to the triac. Fig. The zero-voltage-switch/triac circuit ferentiJI temperature above and below the reference temperature. A zero-voltage-switch. If the potentiometer resistance is reduced. synchronized for line-pulse generation. The last approach. When the demand for heat is satisfied. If there is a demand for heat. additional components and sections are usually added to reducl' hysteresis effects. Fig. allows the heating element to "catch up" as a result of thermal lag. One side of the differential amplifier is biased to a reference voltage VR. a zero crossing pulse is generated and directed to the triac gating circuit. the key to circuit operation is in the state of the differential amplifier. As a result. Therefore.e. clock pulses may already be available. When the capacitor voltage reaches the breakover voltage of the diac.8 (a) shows a reed relay and transistor drive circuit which is effective in triac gating. During the beginning of each half cycle may be used with an ON/OFF-type control or as a proportional control depending on the degree of regulation required.6. and the triac is turned on at every zero-voltage crossing." Again. A simple. an inexpensive RC phase-control circuit is best. in combination with a triac. although it does have moving parts.7. the differential amplifier is in the closed state. i.S shows the basic triac-diac control circuit with the triac connected in series with the load. the key to the operation of this circuit is in the state of the differential amplifier.6. Fig. the entire line voltage is impressed across it. If the potentiometer resistance is increased. The line voltage is then transferred from the triac to the load for the remainder df that half cycle. will help in understanding the circuit. whenever the bias voltage VS ex· ceeds the reference voltage VR. In effect. For precise temperature control. is particularly wdl suited for temperature-control applications.8 (b) uses a pulse transformer for isolation. The proportional control differs from the ON/OFF control in that it allows a specified percentage of power (duty cycle) to be supplied to the load with a finite off time that. inexpensive. this scheme provides "anticipator control. triggering occurs later and load power is reduced. the differential amplifier is in the open state. The magnitude of the differential temperature is dependent on the mass of the heater and the time constant of the sensing element. VSO. Selection of anyone of these three approaches depends on the dc logic design and component economics. the capacitor charges more rapidly. the triac gating circuit is open. . the VBO of tile diac is reached earlier in the cycle. The main disadvantage of this circuit is that it produces RFI.5. For every zero-voltage crossing. the capacitor discharges through the triac gate and turns it on. ON/OFF temperature controller is shown in Fig. Although the basic light-control circuit opcrall'S with the component arrangement shown in Fig. therefore the pulse-transformer approach is economical. The characteristics of an ON/OFF controller are well known. pulse transformers.8 (a). there are significant thermal overshoots and undershoots which result in a dif . Fig. the voltage across the triac drives the current through the potentiometer and charges the capacitor. and requires a form of clock pulse that can be transferred to the triac gate.. Because the triac is in parallel with the potentiometer and capacitor. as a result. In some applications. extend the effective range of power control. The design engineer often must provide dc·to-ac isolation.For control applications which require that variable power be delivered to a load. This approach requires more components than that of Fig. This sequence is repeated for every half cycle of either polarity. in turn. and the power applied to the load is increased.. and suppress radio-frequency interference. a review of the functional block diagram of the zero-voltage-switch. and the other side is biased to a voltage Vs which is dependent on a variable potentiometer setting and sensing resistor. the technique of proportional control with synchronous switching is introduced. Complete isolation can be achieved by reed relays. the triac is in the OFF state. but it has no moving parts.

The transistor which. but also in severe physical and electrical environments. . then. triac gating. as in Fig. for a zero-voltage- This paper has illuminated some of those areas most misunderstood or considered as problem areas in the application of triacs. of triacs. are gradually being lifted. but most of all the advantages. and is widely used in both commercial and industrial applications. will have at his disposal a device that he can use to design power controllers that operate satisfactorily not only in normal applications. tional integrated switch application.and. activated device. It is inevitable. probably the most expensive one. to initiate light-activated device is coupled to a photosensitive when turned on. uses a lightsuch as the GaAs infrared (lR) emitter. that the triac will evolve as the basic building block for ac power control in power-controller systems. The designer who thoroughly understands the characteristics and limit- REED SWITCH +~\( " II ations. provides inhibit logic for addicircuits or. 8 (c). particularly in 400-Hz power systems. restrictions on triac use in military applications. at present. The triac has already proven to be a true power-semiconductor device.

and a Darlington output driver (thyristor gating circuit) to provide the basic switching action. or 277 volts at 50. and to effect other widely different ac power·control functions.60. use of the zero-voltage switches also reduces the rate of change of on-state current (di/dt) in the thyristor being triggered. such as transistors and other integrated circuits. This feature is not included in the CA3079. 490.208 to 230. I shows the functional interrelation of the zero-voltage switch. and CA3079) RCA-CA3058. CA3059. These switches can be adapted for use in a variety of control functions by use of an internal differential comparator to detect the difference between two externally developed voltages.Provides high-current pulses to the gate of the power-controlling thyristor. and the load elements in an on-off type of ac power-control system. an on-off sensing amplifier (differential comparator). th~ thyristor being triggered.muzzle temperature in low-temperature environments. Consequently. In addition.OOC05LlD Linear Integrated Circuits Solid State Division Features and Applications of RCA Integrated-Circuit Zero-Voltage Switches (CA3058. The CA3059 and CA3079 are supplied in a 14·terminal dual-in-line plastic package.Permits operation directly from an ac line. the availability of numerous terminal connections to internal circuit points greatly increases circuit flexibility and further expands the types of ac power-control applications to which these integrated circuits may be adapted. RCA zero-voltage switches are multistage circuits that employ a diode limiter. As shown. In addition. the CA3058 and CA3059 prOVide the following important aUXiliary functions (shown in Fig. to prOVide sequential switching of heating elements in warm-air furnaces. or 400 Hz. a zero-crossing (threshold) detector. The dc operating voltages for these stages is provided by an internal power supply that has sufficient current capability to drive external circuit elements. RCA zero-voltage switches (ZVS) are particularly well suited for use as thyristor trigger circuits. The CA3058 is supplied in a 14-terminal dual-in-line ceramic package. the three integrated·circuit zero-voltage switches are electrically identical. each of the zero-voltage switches incorporates four functional blocks as follows: (I) Limiter-Power Supply . (3) Zero-Crossing Detector . CA3059 and CA3079 zero-voltage switches are monolithic integrated circuits designed primarily for use as trigger circuits for thyristors in many highly diverse ac power-control and power-switching applications. an important consideration in the operation of thyristors. The electrical and physical characteristics of each type are detailed in RCA Data Bulletin File No. (4) Triac Gating Circuit .Synchronizes the output pulses of the circuit at the time when the ac cycle is at a zero-voltage point and thereby eliminates radio-frequency inteference (RFI) when used with resistive loads. I): (I) A built-in protection circuit that may be actuated to remove drive from the triac if the sensor opens or shorts. to switch traffic signal lights at street intersections. An external inhibit connection (terminal No. 120. transient load-current surges and radio-frequency interference (RFI) are substantially reduced. otherwise. The CA3058 and CA3059 also feature an interlock (protection) circuit that inhibits the application of these pulses to the thyristor in the event that the external sensor should be inadvertently opened or shorted. (2) Differential On/Off Sensing Amplifier . These switches trigger the thyristors at zero-voltage points in the supply-voltage cycle. the external sensor. These integrated-circuit switches operate from an ac input voltage of 24. . In addition. An important feature of the zero-voltage switches is that the output trigger pulses can be applied directly to the gate of a triac or a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR). The excellent versatility of the zero-voltage switches is demonstrated by the fact that these circuits have been used to prOVide transient-free temperature control in self-cleaning ovens. Over-all Circuit Operation Fig. Hysteresis or proportional-control capability may easily be implemented in this section. I) is also available so that an external signal can be used to inhibit the output drive. to control gun.Tests the condition of external sensors or command signals.

overriding the action of the zero-crossing detector. The thyristor gating circuit contains a driver for direct triac triggering.5 2 4 5 10 20 25 Ie" I r----'R." the external voltage to terminal J must be a logical "0". the shaded areas indicate the circuitry that is not included in the CA3079. I and 2 are representative of all three RCA zero-voltage switches.NOT INCLUDED CONNECTION -. for the CA3058 and CA3059. the output of the fail-safe circuit must be "high. that comprise the dc power supply. The on-off sensing amplifier is basically a differential comparator. the CA3058. The power supply prOVides approximately 6 volts as the VCC supply to the other stages of the zero-voltage switch. Fig.WITHIN Ale: INTERNAL RESTRICTION ReA (A3059 I~EGRAT!D~C~T ARE SHADED _ IN OHMS f AII~p~~fE AREAS. This signal is then applied to the zero-voltage-cro-ssing detector.. I I I I I I I I. the sensing-amplifier output must be "high. which generates an output pulse each time the line voltage passes through zero.e.00 NOT USE APPLIES The limiter stage of the zero-voltage switch clips the incoming ac line voltage to approximately ±8 volts. I L __ ALL NOTE: RESISTANCE VALUES CIRCUITRY. i.e. (The diagrams shown in Figs. Gate current to the thyristor is continuous when terminal 13 is positive with respect to terminal 9. The limiter output is also applied to a rectifying diode and an external capacitor.) AC Input Voltag:' (50/60 or 400 Hzl Dissipation Rating for RS Input Series Resistor (RS) V AC krl 24 120 208/230 277 2 W 0. ONLY TO CA3079J IN {TERMINAL CA3079 -- . .. 1hIS override is accomplished by connecting terminal 12 to terminal 7. the thyristor (triac or SCR) is triggered when the line voltage is essentially zero volts. the line voltage must be approximately zero volts. CF. CA3059. and CA3079. The gating circuit is enabled when all the inputs are at a "high" voltage."""- : 'K I I I 07 I I I FOR DC MODE OR400-Hz OPERATION i L 2 --------- PI3 0. I I 0. 2 shows the detailed circuit diagram for the integrated-circuit zero-voltage switches. and." Under these conditions. i.

2 volts at 10 microamperes to the external-inhibit input. therefore. For negative voltages at terminal 5 that have magnitudes greater than 3 volts. current can flow through resistor R I. In the on state of the thyristor gating circuit. (If the capacitance in the load circuit is low. and again turns on transistor QI. transistor Q 1 is always off. and resistor R1. the pulse width is typically 12 microseconds. can be used to delay the pulse to accommodate such loads. and transistor Q6 is on. when it is "low". the current flows through diode Os. transistor Q7 is off. as shown in Fig. Fig. and diode 04 to terminal 7 to turn on QI. This mode of operation is useful when comparator operation is desired or when inductive loads must be switched. Transistor Q7 may be turned on directly by application of a minimum of ± 1.) Diode 010 isolates the base of transistor Q7 from other signals when an external-inhibit signal is applied so that this signal is the highest priority command for normal operation. the output is disabled. The amount of pulse stretching and delay is shown in Figs. (Although grounding of terminal6 creates a higher-priority inhibit function. . 3. The operation of the zero-crossing detector and thyristor gating circuit can be explained more easily if the on state (i. the output is a narrow pulse which is approximately centered about the zero-voltage time in the cycle. shown in Fig. Other circuit elements in the zero-voltage switch inhibit the gating circuit unless certain conditions are met. 2 form a symmetrical clamp that limits the voltages on the chip to ±8 volts. This action inhibits the delivery of a gate-drive output signal at terminal 4. 2.5 volts is available. terminal I.Thyristor Triggering Circuits The diodes 0 I and 02 in Fig. when the de logic signal is "high". In this mode. (If a voltage of more than 1.) Care must be taken to avoid overloading of the internal power supply in this mode.switch output pulses. diode 06. The output pulses used to trigger the power-switching thyristor are actually developed by the zero-crossing detector and the thyristor gating circuit.e. as explained later. this level is not compatible with normal OTL or TTL logic levels. 5(a) and 5(b). and the associated resistors shown in Fig. the base-to-e