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MADRAS VETERINARY COLLEGE

Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology
Course: Splanchnology & Applied Anatomy (Digestive System)
I. Fill up the blanks:
15 x 1 = 15 Marks
1.

Name any two muscles that are included within the upper lip; ________________________
and _________________________________________.

2.

____________________________ is the organ of prehension in cattle.

3.

Posterior pillar of the mouth is a fold of mucous membrane that extends from
_________________________________ to _________________________________.

4.

The space between the root of the tongue, epiglottis and soft palate is called as
__________________________________.

5.

Largest salivary gland in dog is ______________________________________.

6.

A dome-like structure where the oesophagus terminates on the ruminant stomach is known
as _____________________________________.

7.

________________________________ is the most dilated part of the alimentary canal.

8.

Oesophageal groove extends from _____________________________ to sulcus omasii.

9.

Brunner’s glands are present in ________________________ (segment) of small intestine.

10.

Ventral diverticulum of the oesophagus in fowl is named as ________________________.

11.

In fowl, _______________________ (organ) is included in between the loops of duodenum.

12.

Omasum extends from ___________________ to __________________ rib on the right
side of the abdominal cavity.

II. Write True or False:

10 x 1 = 10 Marks

1.

Rima oris is more extensive in horse than the dogs.

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)

2.

Philtrum is more prominent in ox than the dog.

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)

3.

Taste buds are absent in fowl.

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)

4.

Horses do oral breathing while running.

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)

5.

Chemical digestion takes place chiefly in the fore stomach of ruminants.

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)

6.

In ox, the small intestine extends from pylorus to ileo-ceacal orifice.

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)

7.

Spleen of ox is scythe shaped.

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)

8.

Uvula is present in pig.

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)

9.

Peyer’s patches are lymphoid aggregations in the ileum.

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)

J-shaped stomach is present in dog.

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)

10.

the rumen is divided into dorsal and ventral sac by _________________________. 5. Mucosal rugae are present in ____________________ compartment of ruminant stomach. II. ( ) 2. ( ) 6. 9. Tonsil is the lymphoid aggregation associated with the mucosa. 10. Soft palate is very long in horse than in dog. A median slit is present in the palate of ___________________________ (species). ( ) 10. Two compartments of fowl stomach are _______________________ and _______________. Internally. ( ) . Fraenum labi is a fold of mucous membrane that connects ____________________ to _______________________________. 2. Muzzle is always kept cool and moist by the secretions of _________________________. Spleen of horse is elliptical in shape. ________________________________ and _________________________________ are the paired openings present in the pharynx. Lips are the organ of prehension in horse and sheep. 8. The secretion of intestinal glands is called as succus entericus. 4. ( ) Pelvic cavity is the smallest and cranial most body cavity. Mesenteric lymph nodes are towards the root of the mesentery in _____________ (species). ( ) 7. the muscle included within the chin is ___________________________________. ( ) 3. ( ) 8. Ventral sac of the rumen is at the level of left paralumbar fossa. ( ) 9. Torus pyloricus is present in the stomach of pig. 11. In ox. Fill up the blanks: 15 x 1 = 15 Marks 1. Physiological vomition is possible in equines. Lateral wall of the abdomen without bony support is referred as _______________________. Mandibular gland is the largest salivary gland of ox. 6. Caruncula sublingualis carries the openings of ______________________________ and ________________________________________ glands.MADRAS VETERINARY COLLEGE Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology Course: Splanchnology & Applied Anatomy (Digestive System) I. Write True or False: 10 x 1 = 10 Marks 1. 7. 4. ( ) 5. 3.

the cortex dips in between forming _______________________.Prepuce shows double invagination in ____________________________ (species). 12. II. ( Septum scroti divides the scrotum into two equal parts. 2. 5. Urine is secreted by _____________________________________ and is temporarily stored in ___________________________________________. Right and left kidneys of horse are _________________________________________ and __________________________________ shaped respectively. 3. 18. 9. ( Ovulatory fossa is present in the ovary of mare. Sigmoid flexure is present in ____________________ and ___________________ (species). 7. A modified triangular area on the supero-posterior part of the bladder is __________________. 10 x 1 = 10 Marks Ureter is a paired musculo-membranous tube. Uterus of domestic animals is of __________________________________ type. 11. ( Right ureter is longer than the left ureter. _____________________________ is a cul-de-sac associated with the vertex of the bladder. ( Scrotum is situated in the inguinal region in bull.MADRAS VETERINARY COLLEGE Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology Course: Splanchnology & Applied Anatomy (Urinary & Genital System) I. 6. 15. Fill up the blanks: 15 x 1 = 15 Marks 11. 10. 19. Testes are suspended into the scrotum by means of ________________________________. 8. ( In ox. 10. ( Intercolumnar fascia is derived from aponeurosis of internal obliques muscle. ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) . 4. __________________________________________is a rounded prominence on the dorsal wall of the urethra where the ejaculatory ducts opens. left kidney presents two surfaces. 13. ________________________ and _________________________________ are the excretory tubes of the testis. ( Renal pelvis is absent in ox. ( The internal spermatic artery forms Pampiniform plexus. 16. 17. 14. Write True or False: 1. ( Prepuce is the skin covering the penis. Between the renal pyramids.

18. _____________________________________ is a muscle associated with the testis. ( ) 18. 19. 22. Kidneys are smooth and bean shaped in goat. In left kidney. 13. ( ) 20. ________________________ and __________________________________. ( ) 16. ______________________ and ____________________ are the primary gonadal organs of male and female respectively. Ovarian bursa is present in the ovary of bitch. 20. ( ) 14.MADRAS VETERINARY COLLEGE Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology Course: Splanchnology & Applied Anatomy (Urinary & Genital System) I. ( ) 17. 21. Fill up the blanks: 15 x 1 = 15 Marks 11. Three parts of the bladder are ________________________. Testiconda is a condition present in _______________________________ (species). ( ) 13. Seminal vesicles are well developed in dog. ( ) 15. Long axis of the testis is vertical to the long axis of the body in _________________ (species). __________________________________ conveys the urine from kidney to bladder. In bull. Cremasteric fascia is derived from aponeurosis of transverse abdominis muscle. Ovaries are attached to the lateral abdominal wall by _____________________________. ( ) . Bull has fibrous type of penis. hilus is situated on the dorsal surface. 14. Apex of the renal pyramid is named as __________________________________. The free portion of the penis is named as ___________________________________. 17. Write True or False: 10 x 1 = 10 Marks 11. II. 12. 15. 16. ( ) 19. epididymis is attached to the anterior border of the testis. Pelvic part of ureter is included within the genital fold. Both the kidneys are retro-peritoneal structures. ( ) 12. Dilated origin of renal corpuscle is named as __________________________________. ____________________________________ side kidney is floating kidney in ox. ___________________________________ is a modified cutaneous gland associated with the genital organs. Scrotum is situated in front of the inguinal region in stallion.

Urinary bladder is fixed in position by ________________________________________ and __________________________________ folds. Oviduct is attached to the lateral abdominal wall by _____________________________. 20. Kidneys are sublumbar in position. Cavernous type of penis is present in stallion. ( ) 19. Medial boarders of the right and left kidneys are related to caudal vena cava and aorta respectively. 15. ( ) 15. Round ligament is the remnant of foetal umbilical artery. ( ) 12. Prostate gland alone is present in fowl. Vas deferens of fowl opens into the ___________________________________ compartment of cloaca. Os penis is present in the penis of _________________________________ (species). ____________________________ conveys urine from bladder to exterior. ( ) . In birds. hilus is situated on the ventral surface. Tuft of capillaries inside the Bowman’s capsule is named as ________________________. testes are ______________________________________________ in position. 21. 11. 16. ( ) 18. A double fold of peritoneum attaches testis to the sub-lumbar region is named as __________________________. Dilated origin of ureter is named as ___________________________________. Fill up the blanks: 15 x 1 = 15 Marks 10. 17. Accessory sex glands in a bull are _______________________________________. epididymis is attached to the posterior border of the testis. In stallion. ( ) 17. Long axis of the testis is parallel to the long axis of the body in ________________ (species). Infundibuliform fascia is derived from aponeurosis of external obliques muscle.MADRAS VETERINARY COLLEGE Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology Course: Splanchnology & Applied Anatomy (Urinary & Genital System) I. 19. Right kidney is attached to ________________________________ (organ). Scrotum is situated behind the inguinal region in dog. ____________________________________ and _________________________________. 13. II. 18. Write True or False: 10 x 1 = 10 Marks 11. ( ) 13. 14. In right kidney. ( ) 14. 12. ( ) 16.

“S” shaped curve in the body of the penis is known as ______________________________ and is present in ______________________ and ______________________ (species). ( ) 19. Left testis is heavier than the right testis. 22. 17. Fossa glandis is present in the penis of stallion. 12. 14. Ruminal surface is present on the _____________________________ kidney (side). ( ) 20. Testes are globular in shape in ___________________________ (species). II. Failure to descent of testis is known as_______________________________________. ( ) 17. right kidney presents three surfaces. Vagina is a tubular passage extending from __________________________ to _________. Broad ligament doesn’t carry blood vessels and nerves. In ox. Fill up the blanks: 15 x 1 = 15 Marks 12. ( ) MADRAS VETERINARY COLLEGE Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology Course: Splanchnology & Applied Anatomy (Urinary & Genital System) I. 13. Only left ovary and oviduct is functional in birds. 15. Twisted processus urethrae are present in ram and buck. Accessory sex glands secretes __________________________________ portion of semen. 20.20. Tunica vaginalis is a serous membrane lining the scrotum. 18. Urinary bladder muscle is named as detrussor muscle. Preputial diverticulum is present in ___________________________ (species). ( ) . Dartos is made-up of fibro-elastic tissue and smooth muscle. 16. ( ) 16. 13. Scrotum is subanal in position in _____________________________ (species). Medulla of kidney is in the form of renal pyramids. Kidneys are lobulated in __________________________(species). Adrenal glands are closely associated with the kidneys. 19. ( ( ) ) ( ) 14. Cicatrix is the embryological vestige of _________________________________. ( ) 15. Malphigian crpuscles is composed of _________________________________________ and ___________________________________________. 21. Write True or False: 10 x 1 = 10 Marks 11. ( ) 18.