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ACT 1MC

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ENGLISH TEST
45 Minutes-75 Questions

DIRECTIONS: In the five passages that follow, certain

words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In the
right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the

underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the
one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement
appropriate for standard written English, or is worded
most consistently with the style and tone of the passage
as a whole. If you think the original version is best,
choose "NO CHANGE." In some cases, you will find in
the right-hand column a question about the underlined
part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.

You will also find questions about a section of the pas­
sage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions
do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage,
rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.

but

For each question, choose the alternative you consider
best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer
document. Read each passage through once before you
begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For
many of the questions, you must read several sentences
beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure
that you have read far enough ahead each time you
choose an alternative.

PASSAGE I

My "Sister" Ligia

Every year my high school hosts international
exchange students, those teenagers join our senior class.
I

Each student usually lives with the family of one of
the seniors. I can recall students from Costa Rica,

1. A.

NO CHANGE
B. students, he or she is invited to
C. students who
D. students they

Italy, Norway , and Nigeria.Last year, one of our
school's exchange students being Ligia Antolinez ,
2

2. F.

NO CHANGE

G. students was

H. students , named
students,

J.

who came from B ucaramanga, Colombia. I was a

3. A. NO CHANGE

junior then . I wasn't in any ofLigia' s classes and didn't

4. F.

3

B . whom
C. which
D. she who

J.

know her, but I saw her at school events, which are
5

sometimes supported financially by local businesses.
5

NO CHANGE

G. junior, therefore, so
H. junior because

junior, since

5. Given that all of the choices are true, which one pro­

vides the most relevant information with regard to the
narrator's familiarity with Ligia?

A. N O C HANGE
B . had read a stm:y about her in our school p aper,
which is written by students i n terested i n jour­
nalism.
C. saw her at school events and h ad read a story
about her in our school paper.
D. had read a story about her when I was checking
our school paper for local movie listings.

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.

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1
About halfway through the school year, I learned that

the exchange program was looking for a new home for
Ligia. After a severe storm, the basement of her hosts
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house had flooded , leaving two bedrooms unusable . The
two "little brothers" of Ligia's host family , who had
volunteered to move, to those bedrooms for a year, had to
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6. F.

NO CHANGE

G. her hosts'
H. Ligia's hosts
J.

Ligias hosts'

7. A. NO CHANGE

B. volunteered to move to those bedrooms for a year
volunteered to move to those bedrooms for a year,
D. volunteered, to move to those bedrooms for a year,
C.

be moved upstairs to the room Ligia was using.

8. F.

NO CHANGE

G. upstairs to the room Ligia was using, which h ad

been freshly painted just that year.

H . upstairs (it was a two-story house) to Ligia's
J.

I told my parents about Ligi a ' s
problem, which needed t o be solved .

We agreed that
10

it would be fun

9. A. NO CHANGE

B. problem, which was a dilemma.
C. problem that needed a solution.
D. problem.

to host a student from

another country . My older sister had gotten married the
summer before , so not only did we have a room for Ligia,

and we all admitted that the house had seemed too quiet
II

lately.
The

10. Three of these choices indicate that the family fel t con­

fident about inviting Ligia to live in their home. Which
choice does NOT do so?
F.

NO CHANGE

J.

supposed

G. decided
H. knew

1 1 . A. NO CHANGE

B. but
while
D. yet
C.

second half of my junior year was anything but

quiet. Introduced by me to my favorite music, at top
12

volume, I started being taught by Ligia the most popular
12

Colombian dance steps. My father spoke fondly of the
12

days before two teenagers taken over the phone, the stereo,
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the

room.
OMIT the underlined portion and end the sentence
with a period.

kitchen-well, most

of the

house, re a ll y .

My mother

helped Ligia with her math homework, and Ligia taught

12. F.

NO CHANGE

G. Introducing Ligi a to my favorite mus i c , at top

volume, she started teaching me the most popular
Colombian dance steps.
H . Teaching me the most popular Colombian dance
steps, Ligia was introduced by me to my favorite
music, at top volume.
J. I introduced Ligia to my favorite mu s i c , at top
volume, and she started teaching me the most pop­
ular Colombian dance steps.
13. A. NO CHANGE

B. took
had took
D. begun to take
C.

Mom beginning Spanish . Both Li gia and I were studying
French that

year, and we practiced it at home. \Vhen v;e

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.

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planned a surprise anniversary party for my mom and dad,
we did it all right under their noses, in French .
At the end of the year, Ligia had gone home to
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Colombia. This year I'm busy with senior·activities and
with a part-time job . I'm trying to save enough to go see
my new sister next year.

G

14. F.

NO CHANGE

G. will have gone
H. went

J.

goes

15. Which of the following true sentences, if inserted here.

would best conclude the essay as well as maintain the
positive tone established earlier in the essay?
A. I ' m afraid of flying, but I think I'll be OK.

B. I ' m eager to eventually join the workforce full­
time.
C. I've been practicing my Spanish- and my dance
steps .
D. Senior activities are a lot of fun .

PASSAGE II

Down at the Laundromat

[ 1] Down the street from the college, I attend , the
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S ave-U Laundromat is always open , and someone i s

16. F.

J.

always there. [2] It was o n a corner, across the

17. A.

street; from a drugstore on one s ide and a big park on the

18. F.

17

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other. [3] The park isn ' t really a park at all but part of the
grounds of a private boarding school. [4] B ut no one is

NO CHANGE

G. college, I attend
H. college I attend,

college I attend

NO CHANGE
B . is
c . had been
D. was located
NO CHANGE

G . street from,
H. street, from
J. street from

ever around to enforce the threats , and in the summer
everyone enjoys the benches, the gras s , and the
coolly magnificence of the shade trees. [5) Signs are
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posted all over the lawn threatening every sort of drastic
action against trespassers who wrongfully enter the
property .
20

G

20

NO CHANGE
B. cool magnificence
C. magnificently cool
D. cool magnificent

19. A.

20. F.

NO CHANGE

G. those who trespass by walking on private property .

H. trespassers who ignore the s igns and walk on the
grass .
J . trespassers .
2 1 . For the sake of logic and coherence , Sentence 5 should

be placed:

A. where it is now .
B . before Sentence 1.
C. after Sentence 1.
D. after Sentence 3.

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.

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The Save-U has a neon sign out fron t that says

"Friendly 24-Hour Service," but as far as I can tell , no one
really works there . The washers and dryers are lime green ,
and the paneling o n the walls has been painted t o match,
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although it was later varnished with some kind of artificial
wood grain finish .

G I often stare at that paneling when I

don't have a magazine or newspaper to read and don ' t
want t o d o my schoolwork. Deep i n thought, I contemplate
the competence of the laundromat's interior designer.

Some machines even provide a certain amount of
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sustenance and entertainment . This l aundromat has three
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soda machines , two candy machines , two pinball
machines, five video machines, and a machine that eats

dollar bills and spits out too much or too few quarters .
25

There are many regular customers whose faces
have become famil iar-mostly older people from
around the neighborhood .

G Usually a crowd of

22. F .

NO CHANGE

G. have been

H. were
J. are

23. At this point, the writer wants to add a sentence that

would further describe the laundromat's p aneling .
Which of the following sentences would best accom­
plish this?
A. I guess the brush strokes are intended to resemble

wood grain, but they don't.
B . I know that the varnish provides some protection
for the wood paneling.
C. To me , it seems that lime green was a bizarre
choice for an interior wall paint.
D . I imagine that the person who chose that color
scheme must be a unique individual .
24. Which choice most effectively guides the reader from

the preceding paragraph into this new paragraph?
NO CHANGE
G. The Save-D has to have friendly service because i t
i s across the street from a park.
H. Maybe what the Save-U means by friendly service
is an abundance of machines .
J . Washing machines are the S ave-U's version of 24hour service.
F.

25. A. NO CHANGE

B. many or too fewer
C. many or too few
D. much or few

26. The writer is considering deleting the following phrase

from the preceding sentence:

-mostly older people from around the neigh­
borhood
If the writer were to make this deletion, the essay
would primarily lose:
F.

specific descriptive materi al.

G . detail providing a logical transition.

H. foreshadowing of the conclusion .
J. an understatement of important information .
thirteen-year-old kids that is gathered around the
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video machines, regardless of the time of day .
Imagining all these people, it is that I know they remain
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there even after I have left. I know that I could go in there
anytime, and someone would look up from playing pinball

27. A. NO CHANGE

B. k ids who
C. kids , and they
D. kids

28. F.

NO CHANGE

G. It being that I imagine all these people , they

H. Imagining all these people, they
J. I imagine that all these people

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.

nodding and smiling D. Laundromat and its 30. whose C. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. and question 45 will ask you to choose where Paragraph 1 should most logically be placed. he developed a line of products that 36. A. A. H. Williams loved to prepare food . [2] they do D. that the president. NO CHANGE B. G. Over the next three years . J. Bill Williams Brings America Home to Dinner [I] You have to admire the honesty of a company who' s slogan is "Just About the Best. F. G. and as a young adult. J.1 1 or fol ding clothes and nods and smiles at me. he refined his cooking skills at the 34 34. NO CHANGE B. renowned. NO CHANGE G . that a line of Southern-inspired cuisine should be marketed. And its 30 people are always nearby. it does come 33 very close. A . and that they Even as a child. luscious D. prestigious In 1989. F. and notable C. that's D. nods to smile comforting to know that the Save-U Laundromat. A . a time when there were no convenience 36 foods designed for African American consumers. explains the unusual 32 slogan by admitting that while he knows that his foods can ' t beat the taste of real home cooking. F. . prestigiously acclaimed Culinary Institute of America. 3 3 . The idea came to h i m in 1989. his cooking skills were refined H. he came up with his idea for a line of S outhern36 i nspired cuisine . famed . president and founder Bill Williams. He came up with his idea for a line of Southern­ inspired cuisine in 1989. NO CHANGE B. his skill in cooking was refined the refinement of his cooking skills occurred 35. and founder Bill Williams H. and founder B i l l Williams . Southern-inspired cuisine . with his idea for a l ine of J. 32. NO CHANGE B. NO CHANGE Laundromat. Laundromat and that its J . it has C. PASSAGE Ill The following paragraphs may or may not be in the most logical order. Each paragraph is numbered in brackets. F. He came up in 1989. It is 29 29. Bill Williams." Glory Foods' 31 3 1 . 35 NO CHANGE G. nod and smile C. NO CHANGE president. president and founder. Its H.

37. By 1 99 5 . sought the advice of food m arketing experts . Bill Williams. sweet potatoes. and they can easily b e eliminated from the sentence. professional . The firm's headquarters are located in the same black neighborhood where Williams grew up. . the reader would think that all of the subcontractors and farmers were African Americans. because these phrases are examples of word i ­ ness . the earliest Glory Foods were which one would most effectively conclude this para­ graph? The company 's African American focus is evident in all aspects of Glory Foods. D. beans. and okra. [5 ) The company 's name reflects this African American focus as well . there are several o ther companies that target their products to African Ameri c a n con­ sumers. NO CHANGE B il l Williams's company continues to refine the recipes of its products. J . J. because without these phrases . B. The firm also employs African American professional advisers and subcontractors 39 �enever: p_Qssible and contracts African American farmers to grow �ch Qj the produce that goes into . H. Glory Foods were first 37 offered for sale in Ohio in 1 992 and soon became available in neighboring states. NO CHANGE B. At the outset. would the meaning of the sentence change? Yes . Today . ' EJ 40. H. they are not essential to the meaning of the sentence .1 1 included canned greens . advisers . Williams was ready to launch his products in grocery stores. the reader would not know that the company made an attempt to employ African American contractors in the production of its goods. No. F. Initially. B. A. G. A . No . G. If the writer were to delete these phrases. � C. [3 ] Eventuall y . Yes . professional advisers. sales were twice the original projections. 39. as well as bottled hot sauce and cornbread mixes . and the company helps to support several local community projects . C. however. [4] Glory Foods. F. Glory Foods were being distributed in twenty-two states . GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. They were originally D. Glory is meant to evoke 41 both the exultant spirit of gospel churches and the 4 1 . because wi thout these phrases . professional advisers . Given that all of the following sentences are true . because although these phrases describe the subcontractors and the farmers and provide inter­ esting detail . Within a year. C. OMIT the underlined portion . The writer is considering deleting the phrases ''when­ ever possible" and "much of" from the preceding sen­ tence. A. Glory Foods were 38. NO CHANGE at evoking in evoking of D.

C. OMIT the underlined portio n . Afterwar ds . after the word name (but before the comma) . the writer is considering adding the fol­ lowing sentence: The actor Denzel Wash ington starred in the film. where it is now . which tells 42 42. after Paragraph 3. H. Should the writer make this addition? A. after Paragraph 2 . I went to the movies. F. because the additional detail explains why the film Glory was so inspiring. The best placement for the underlined portion woulr be: where it is now .1 1 movie during the Civil War of the same name . For the sake of logic and coherence. after the word story. they w i l l a l s o u nderstand why the company was named "Glory Foods." C. 45. Question 45 asks about the preceding passage as a whole. because the essay does not say i f B i l l Williams h a d ever met t h e actor D enzel Washington. after the word regiment (ending the sentence w ith a period). America 's dinner tables were the beneficiaries 44 of Bill Williams 's drive. G. 46. B . which earned several awards. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. D. Yes . G 43. the story of a black regiment. determination . Yes . J. Glory Foods has come a long way from its beginnings . At this point. would have been J.) J . and culinary expertise. F. N o . because if readers u nderstand that the fil m [ 6] With twenty full-time employees in its administrative offices. H. G. B. PASSAGE IV Pinball and Chance [ 1] Doesn't anyone play pinball anymore? I was disappointed the other day when I took my kids to a game arcade. . are 44. N o . NO CHANGE had been H. after Paragraph 6 . because the information distracts the reader from the focus of the essay . F . Paragraph I should be placed: A . (The movie theater was my next stop . Not one of the 46 N O CHANGE I made my way to the movie theater after that . G. D. Glory earned awards .

and battle all sorts of villain s . OMIT the underlined portion . J. D. you come to know exactly how the machine that's built to last will respond to your 50 NO CHANGE machine . on the NO CHANGE that are H. Then again . People learned the special weapons are hidden . placed where it is now. which is constructed durably . A. 52. placed after Sentence 5. 47 . which is built to last. are J . and a ball you thought was lost. out of reach of both flippers . are essentially all the same. A . For the sake of the logic and coherence of Paragraph 2. We learn C. lost. other hand. however. will inexplicably bounce 53 back into play . machine 50. B. by contrast. every move. C. can 't be 52 predicted with such accuracy. G. machine. F. [2] Video screens which have been populated by movie stars . NO CHANGE B. however. As you guide your character 49. You never know when the ball will drain straight down the middle. He or she learns where the hazards lurk and 51 5 1 . G. [3] You can blow up cities . though. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. [2) [ 1] I can understand why video games might seem more attractive than pinbal l . Which of the following alternatives to the u nderlined portion would be LEAST acceptable? therefore. NO CHANGE was a were an actual D. G. OMITTED. 48. C. F. lost will . wil l . and 48 heroes. are superficial and short-lived. but the object of pinball never changes: you have to keep a steel ball in play long enough to rack up a high score and win a free game. on the contrary . placed after Sentence 1. You learn D. . because the paragraph focuses only on video games. you can sometimes get lucky . escape from dungeons. H. lost will C. NO CHANGE B. Sentence 4 should be: A. Pinbal l .1 1 many colorful machines with fl ashing l ights were a pinball 47 machine. 53. [4] Pinball machines. through the game's challenges. would have been an actual B. monsters. 8 [3] The attractions of video games . Video games filled the room. J . D . [5] Some machines are bigger and fancier than others . H. F. A.

F. mastered a game . and chance. After you learn the new game . Video games do generally evolve into subsequent editions or enhanced versions. A. 6 0 . H. Suppose the writer had chosen to write an essay that i ndicates that pinball is superior to v i deo games . the machine.:ously continual D. A. every single time . J . OMIT the underlined portion .1 1 [4] It is the element of chance that makes pinball more 54 interesting than video game s . J . you get bored again. A. Question 60 asks about the preceding passage as a whole. and you must look 56 for a new game to conquer. Once you have 55. C. Pinball does share certain similarities with video games. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. enemy . F. can still be fun to play .. Yes . the various times of each game is 58 B . designed so that your main opponent in these video games 55 i s a predictable computer program. Pinbal l . G. one must look 56. contin. Would this essay fulfill the writer' s goal? No . D. enemy. That's what makes pinball a continually 59 challenge. NO CHANGE G . 58. Which choice would most effectively and appropri­ ately lead the reader from the topic of Paragraph 3 to that of Paragraph 4? F. No . continue C. The cycle keeps repeating. Most video games are 54 54. the challenge is gone. But in NO CHANGE you then looked H. NO CHANGE B. because the writer claims that pinball games require luck and are more visually attractive than video games. because the writer admits that video games have become more popular than pinball machines. G. because the writer suggests that i t is more difficult to become skilled at a pinball machine than at a video game. NO CHANGE B. Yes . each H. H. during these video games in video games D. although l ess challenging than video games. each single unique J. NO CHANGE G. No matter how many games you play on any pinball machine. pinbal l . enemy . each different. because the writer states that video games are designed to challenge the skills of the player. which is sometimes your enemy 57 sometimes your ally . one then looks J. you have three factors to consider: you . NO CHANGE 59. and . 57. . C. F.

63 [3) Computer viruses range from being temporary 64 annoyances to permanently destroying data . a devastative disaster to the operation C. 64. Despite tec hnological advances. computers are still fragile devices in many ways. letters in front of you tumbles NO CHANGE except H. Tomorrow ' s assignment is slowly materializing before your eyes. 61 Is this a bad dream? Not exactly. viruses .1 1 PASSAGE V When a Computer Gets Sick . The type of computer virus mentioned above is more mischievous than harmful. letters in front of you . letters in front of you tumbles. and J . the letters reorder themselves on the screen. as if 62. [2) 61." H. These bombs can permanently destroy data . NO CHANGE B. devastation to the operating D. Which choice is the most effective first sentence of Paragraph 3 ? NO CHANGE Among the more serious viruses are those referred to as "bombs.. F. C. that invades a computer either to create mischief or do real damage . however.. 65 63. or set of instructions. A. a computer virus is a program. C. [1] Imagine sitting in front of a computer monitor. in front of you tumbles to the bottom of the screen . Suddenly . NO CHANGE B. Analogous to a biological virus that takes over a living cel l . The computer is probably sick . Computer 64 vandals rig these viruses to go off at a preset time. viruses . tumbles D. A. however. straighten themselves out. Not all viruses however. Eventually. filling the screen with your mind' s jumbled thoughts. G. each of the letters. 65. A. possibly disastrous to operating GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. and that can be disastrous to the operation of a computer. F. G. NO CHANGE B. . however D. without warning. viruses . unless the diagnosis may be that the computer has a 62 virus. J. Most people would agree that they'd rather have a computer virus than a virus that puts them in bed for a week .

72 Otherwise. G. F. F. J. downloaded. search for and destroys D. h aving been J . Antitoxin . 67. analogy. propose adding software that checks the spelling in the papers you write on your computer. [6] If there is a virus in your system. 72. you will at least have backup copies. They also say that you should make 71 copies of your computer files. you could be in for a long night at the computer. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. c. 66 67 Evidence that some software writers have played G. searches for and destroys c. suggest that in order to protect your computer. The best placement for the underlined portion wou l d be: F. This is to be the second recommenda­ tion. NO CHANGE B. NO CHANGE B . after the word your. the best cure is prevention . after the word had. F. you must be aware of the various way s to prevent viruses. C. B. Experts also point out that using the Internet and World Wide Web has Jed to new risks of infection in the form of viruses hidden in programs NO CHANGE analogy is H. programs NO CHANGE Similarly to H. Detection programs that find computer viruses Detection programs are available that 66. where it is now . which one would best accomplish the writer's intention? A. advise you to give your system frequent checkups with antivirus programs.1 1 [4 ] NO CHANGE Detection programs that detect computer viruses H. Checkup. or copied . 68 69 As with all diseases . analogy . A. searches for and then destroys computer viruses . D. you had hope that it better responds to the appropriate treatment and therapy . and DisinfectanL 69. G. A . programs. Given that all of the choices are true. programs: Vaccine. . Computer viruses can be found by detection pro grams that J. after the word responds. 7 1 . programs. According with 70. G. the writer intends to recommend a number of specific ways to protect computer data against viruses . H. so that if a virus does strike and you must delete your infected files. from these resources . search for and destroy up the medical analogy being found in the names of their 68. In the same way as J. NO CHANGE [5] D. They warn that many of these viruses are quite sophisticated in 71 their programming . In this paragraph . --- 70 Experts suggest that you avoid borrowing computer disks because they might contain viruses.

B. because the essay does not expl ain how to program a viru s . Upon reviewing this essay and realizing that some information has been left out. lose the immediacy of its setting in terms of time and place.1 1 Questions 73-75 ask about the preceding passage as a whole. gain accessibi lity by speaking to a broader and more inclusive audience. gain a more polite and formal tone appropriate to the purpose of the essay. END O F T ES T 1 STOP ! DO NOT T URN THE PAGE UNTIL TOLD TO D O SO. . c . No. 5 . 3. the essay would primarily: 75. If these paragraphs were revised so that the second-person pronouns were replaced with the pronouns one and one's. 5. D. G. F. your). B . 4. N o . 74. D . lose the sense of directly addressing and advising the reader. The most logical and effective place to add this sen­ tence would be after the last sentence of Paragraph: A. because the essay limits itself to describing computer viruses and the basic precautions to be taken against them . Woul d this essay successfu l l y fu l fi l l the writer's goal ? A. Yes. Suppose the writer had decided to write an essay dis­ cussing the moral and e thical consequences o f pro­ gramming a computer virus to tamper with a computer system . H. which helps the reader understand the consequences of program­ ming computer viruses. and 6 of this essay are written i n the second person (you. because the essay details the process of rid­ ding a computer system of viruses. incorporating that information: Names like these suggest that the problem is serious. 73. so the reader has no basis for making a moral or ethical judgment. the writer composes the following sentence. J. 2. C. Yes. Paragraphs I . because the essay explains the moral and eth­ ical consequences when a virus enters a computer system .

Tuesday . What score must the student earn on the fifth and last 1 00-point test of the grading period to earn an average test grade of 80 for the 5 tests? F. 3. G. 24x12y K. S o far. Solve as many as you can. You may use your calculator for any problems you choose. substitute teachers are paid $80 per day. how much less does the school district pay in salary by paying a substitute teacher instead of paying Mr. then return to the others in the time you have left for this test. 24xl2l F. all of the following shoulc be assumed. . average indicates arithmetic mean. 99 K. The word 4.570 for this school year. 2. Dietz's school district. You are permitted to use a calculator on this test. 1 . $ 1 05 E. Dietz is a teacher whose salary is $22. $ 97 D. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. in miles. and then fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. 8 1 . Kaya ran I% miles on M o nday and 2 ± miles on b u t some of the problems may best be done withou using a calculator. 1. If Mr . 3. 3 i c. The word line indicates a straight line. and 8 2 . 73 . 3 7 15 E. The student cannot earn an average of 80.MATHEMATICS TEST 60 Minutes-60 Questions DIRECTIONS: Solve each problem. Geometric figures lie in a plane. Dietz takes a day off without pay and a substitute teacher is paid to teach Mr. choose the correct answer. Mr. a student has earned the following scores on four 1 00-poin t tests this grading period: 65. which has 1 85 days. Do not linger over problems that take too much time. 76 H. 78 J. In Mr. 75 G. Dietz for that day? A. 3 2 15 B. $122 4. 5 D. 3!. Illustrative figures are NOT necessarily drawn to scale. Note: Unless otherwise stated. DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. $ 42 B. $ 80 c . 31. 24x7/ J.!_ 15 9x7/ 9xl2l H. Dietz's classes. What was the total distance . Kaya ran during those 2 days? A.

41 A. 300 H.34 c. What is the approximate length.8 milligrams per liter. D. 1. 34% 70% 73% 74% E. in feet . 7 5 G. __ . What 2 numbers should be placed in the blanks below so that the difference between consecutive numbers is the same? 17.d 8. The oxygen saturation l evel of a river is found by DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. 5 7 H. to the nearest percent? A. dividing the amount of dissolved oxygen the river water currently has per liter by the dissolved oxygen capacity per liter of the water and then converting to a percent . G.d)] is equivalent to: A. 27. 98% 6.33 D. then x ? = 5 9.ad B . 7 13 J. A rectangular lot that measures 150 ft by 200 ft is completely fenced. 24. If 4x + 3 F. .29 B . _ . B. = 9x.3 milligrams of dis­ solved oxygen per liter of water and the dissolved oxygen capacity is 9.5. c. If the river currently has 7 . ab + c+ d E. 400 J. of the fence? F. 3 50 700 K. what is the oxygen saturation level . 26. The expression a [b + (c. ab + ac.35 E. ab + ac + ad C.d D.400 7.4. ab + c. 25.31 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. ab + ac. 23.

20 K.3] Soccer 0. TO G. E. 88 c. 18 J. The number of students participating in fal l sports at a c e rtain high school can be shown by the fol lowing m a trix. 9 1 D . If xis a real number such that x3 = 64. 99 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. then x2 + Vx =? DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. K.5 Gi ven these matrices .1 0. If a marble is randomly chosen from a bag that con­ tains exactly 8 red marbles . what is the athletic director's estimate for the number of sports awards that will be earned for these fall sports? 80 B.4 Cross-Country 0. what i s i t s v o l u m e t o t h e nearest cubic i n ch? A. 5 3 J. . 65 1 2 . 92 A. A formul a for the volume V of a sphere with radius V = �n 3 r . what is the probabil i ty that the marble will NOT be white? F. B. 5 7 8 D. 7 TO 1 3 . 4 G. Tennis [ 40 Soccer Cross-Country 60 80 Football 80 ] The athletic director estimates the ratio of the number of sports awards that will be earned to the number of students participating with the following matrix .2 Football 0. 47 F. 1 6 E . r is If the radius of a spherical rubber ball i s 1 t inches . 1 1 . c. 3 4 3 5 4 H. 6 bl ue m arbl es. Tennis [0. 10 H. and 6 white marbles .

25 H. each column. Use the following information to answer questions 14-15. What is the average number of students enrolled per section in Algebra I ? F. Course title Section Period Enrollment Pre-Algebra A A B 3 2 c 4 A B A A I 2 4 23 24 25 29 21 22 28 6 19 Algebra I Geometry Algebra II Pre-Calcu lus 3 14. 29 15. .2 DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. -2x K. The following chart shows the current enrollment in all the mathematics classes offered by Eastside High School . What expression must the cen ter cell of the table below contain so that the sums of each row. 27 K. 2x J. Period 3 only C. G. Period 2 only B. Period 4 only 3 and 4 only E. -4x GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. are there NOT e nough calculators available for each student to use a school-owned calcu­ lator without having to share? A. There are enough calculators for each class period. Sx ? -4x -3x 6x 3x 6x 4x H. which students are required to have during their mathematics class. 24 G. There are 2 calculators from one set and 6 calculators from the other set that are not avail­ able for use by the students because these calculators are being repaired. 26 J. if any. Periods 16. and each diagonal are equivalent? X -2x 7x F. The school owns 2 classroom sets of 30 calculators each. D. For which of the fol lowing class periods.

D. B.000 20.000 A.000 barrels of this tarry material? 5. How many distinct ou tfits . 1 8. can Kareem select? 13 36 42 72 K . what is the l ength. in meters.000 barrels of a tarry material . Point A is to be graphed i n a quadrant. K. E.1 7 . y quadrants of the standard (x. of the standard (x. If a rectangle measures 54 meters by 72 meters. 50. Quadrant I or IV only . B.000 tons of sand are required to produce each 60. 1 9 . G. Kareem has 4 sweaters. . each consisting o f a s weater. and a pair of slacks. H. How many tons of sand are req u ired to produce 3. 6 shirts .000 18. C. Quadrant II or IV only .000 E. D. a shirt. 20. 48 63 90 126 252 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. then point A must be located in: A. H.y) coordinate plane below. Quadrant I o r III only . J. G.y) coordinate plane II I X 0 III IV If the x-coordinate and the y-coordinate of point A are to have opposite signs. Quadrant IV onl y . of the diagonal of the rec­ tangle? F. not on an axis. 21 6 F. Quadrant II only. A t a refinery . J. and 3 pairs of slack s .000 40. c. 100. DO YOUR FIGURING HERE.

Which of the following is a solution to the equation x2.0 E..36x = 0? A.6 G.9 D. 24.0 B. For all positive integers x. J.5 c. y =-Sx. K. What is the rad ius of the circle. What is the slope-intercept form of Sx. r s G. B. 18 D.__ K.8 23. lowing expressions is equivalent to . y =-8x+ 6 y = Sx. x·z y·z x·x y·y c. 10. . H. For right triangle 6RST shown below .9 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. .!. to the nearest tenth of an inch? A. 72 B. y. 29. as shown bel ow.!. 16.__ J. x-z y-z E. A chord 24 inches long is 5 inches from the center of a circle. !:.§_ R s r s t r T 25. . . x+z y+z 22. -6 24.6 = 0 ? F. which of the fol­ DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. and z.:!. H.y.6 y = Sx + 6 y = 6x. 6 E. y·x x·y D. 36 c. what is tan R? F. 13. ? y A.2 21.

000 cubic yards of snow from the downtown area.15 0. 0.03. Between 2 and 3 D.0 F. 14. The length L. What force. Between I and 2 C.225 0. must be applied for the spring's length to be 0. The sine of LP is%· About how many feet long is QR ? p 16 Q R 8. More than 4 28. If this snow were spread in an even layer over the entire rectangular football field shown below. where F is the applied force in newtons. J.18 meters? F. 9. in newtons. Between 3 and 4 E. H.26. 170 . 12. 15. of a spring is given by the DO YOUR FIGURING HERE.3 K. After a snowstorm.PQR shown below is 16 feet long. city workers removed an estimated 10.255 0. The hypotenuse of the right triangle D.4 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. about how many yards deep would the layer of snow be? �� � ��==�OfJ OO�yd � �==�+ � � 10 yd 10 yd A.4 J.27 27. in meters. G. equation L = tF + 0. K.6 H. Less than I B.13 0. G.

if it can be deter­ mined. How many units long. G. According to the graph. 14 K. The graph below shows the number of cars assembled DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. Cannot be determined from the given information 31. 3 TO E. Points B and C lie on AD as shown below. H. B. what fraction of the cars assembled in all 4 cities were assembled in Coupeville? Key �= IO. is BC? A F. c. _!_ 3 30. B c D 4 6 10 J.000 cars. last year in 4 cities. I 5 B. 3 If D. The length of AD is 30 units: AC is 16 units long. 1 2 4 6 10 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. I 4 c. What is the x-coordinate of the point in the standard (x.y) coordinate plane at which the 2 lines y = 2x + 6 andy= 3x + 4 intersect? A. .OOOcars Cars assembled City Car Town ���� Coupeville ��Q Truck City �� Sedan Falls �Q A. and BD is 20 units long. to the nearest 5. n. E.2 29.

18 B. then (b . 5 blocks east and 4 ± blocks north C.. -8 1 8 H. Parallelogram ABCD. st blocks east and 4 ± blocks north E. 16 35. M 3 -6 M +6 3 M and V where DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. 5 blocks east and 6 blocks north D.a)4 =? F. 3M-6 M-6 J. H. -1 6 G. J. G.) F.-----'-'-. 72 34. 45 A E.------'-7-.1-'--4. V=? F.32.- c. 3± blocks east and t 10 B 6 blocks north B. For all pairs of real numbers M=3V+6. K. is shown in the diagram below. Which of the following is the location of the water fountain from point A ? (Note: The park's borders run east-west or north­ south. . If a=b + 3 6 c D 2. A water fountain is located halfway between point B and point D. What is the area of the parallelogram. 39 D. in square inches? A..E 3D C N 12 A A. 36 . A park has the shape and dimensions in blocks given below. K -3• M+6 3 ��7 33. with dimensions in inches. 9 blocks cast and 7± blocks north GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.

The side of the building is perpen­ dicular to the level ground so that the base of the ladder is 10 feet away from the base of the building.3 D. the shortest side is 8 inches long. 2(2x+8)+3x=65 K. 45° GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. What is the area of the square. K. as shown below.8)+2x=65 H. In the figure below. 25° H. 10 B. A square i s circumscribed about a circle of 7 -foot radius. Members of the fire department lean a 30-foot ladder against a building. 3(2x+8)+2x=65 G. To the nearest tenth of an inch.0 B. 30° J. . To the nearest foot. 98 491t J. in square feet? 49 56 H. ABCD is a trapezoid.4 E. 196 F. E lies on � AD . (4x+8)+3x=65 J. what is the length of the longest side of the second triangle? A. If x is the smaller number. 2(2x.8)+3x=65 37. 9. 3(2x.0 c.2 36. 10. 39. 20 c. F. which equation below determines the correct value of x? DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. In a second triangle similar to the first. The larger of two numbers exceeds twice the smaller number by 8. 40 38. 6. Cannot be determined from the given information 40. G. how far up the building does the ladder reach? A. 31 E. I 1. The sum of twice the larger and 3 times the smaller number is 65. The ratio of the side lengths for a triangle is exactly 12:14:15. and angle measures are as marked. 28 D. What is the measure of LBDC ? F. 35° K . 15° G.

Which of the following is the closest estimate for how many of the graduating seniors are going to a state university? F. coordinate 4 B. of the figure? 10 A. 280 G. V26 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. c. 36 E.5) ? A. 1 60 J. Of the 804 graduating seniors in a certain high school. line segments meets at a right angle. in inches. 3 44. D. 1 5 c.0) and (0. what is 75% of the number? F. In the figure shown below. If x and y are positive integers such that the greatest 2 common factor of x / and following could y equal? x/ is 45. 40 52 56 66 80 6 4 26 42. . 45 B. then which of the A. 400 45.y) plane between the points (I . approximately mately � are going to college and approxi­ t of those going to college are going to a state university. and all the lengths given are in inches. What is the distance in the standard (x . each pair of intersecting DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. 6 c_ 16 D.41. 5 E. 345 K. What is the perimeter. 9 D. G. If 1 1 5% of a number is 460. 300 H. B. 200 K. 320 43. 320 J. 80 90 H. E.

- i 1. . (x. (x. 2:3 G.=i- 1 .1 G. D. 1-i . (x + 5)2 + (y + 5)2 = = 25 25 48. F. = - '? i.. 1 + i H. x2 + l = 25 C. The ratio of the radii of two circles is 4:9.5)2 + (y-5/ = 5 D. There is no consistent relationship between this total and the number of rows. 4:811: K. Which of the following is an equation of the circle? A. This total is equal to twice the number of rows. A circle in the standard (x. x2 + y1 = 5 B. 16:81 J.i 2 I +i 2 49. This total is equal to 5 times the number of rows.y) coordinate plane is tan­ gent to the x-axis at 5 and tangent to the y-axis at 5.. This total is always equal to 25 regardless of the number of rows. This total is equal to the square of the number of rows. Which of the following statements describes the total number of dots in the first n rows of the triangular arrangement illustrated bel ow? 1st row 2nd row 3rd row 4th row 5th row A. C. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.2 46 . 9: 1 8n 47. I +i F. where i2 __ I . J.. E. What is the ratio of their circumferences? DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. In the complex numbers. K. 4:9 H. B.5)2 + ( y-5)2 E. 1 J.

40 53. 0 G. 100 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. 1 7 5 1 . The empty set B. 27° D. H. Douglas wants to draw a circle graph showing the f avorite colors of his friends. 16 H . The set containing only zero 52. What will be the degree measure of the Other sector? A . green. The set containing all nonnegative real numbers E. How many diagonals does the octagon below have? F. as illustrated below. 25% of his friends said red. you find that 8 students play the guitar and 9 students play the piano. The colors other than red. 54° c. 8 J. green. The set containing all negative real numbers D. I D O YOUR FIGURING HERE. Pentagons have 5 diagonals. and the remaining friends said colors other than red.50. blue. and purple. and purple will be grouped together in an Other sector. After polling a class of 20 music students by a show of hands. 108° B. . 9 K. 20 J. The set containing all real numbers C. blue. 8 G. 10% of his friends said purple. 30% of his friends said blue. When he polled his friends asking each their favorite color. 20% of his friends said green. Given that information. what is the minimum number of students in this music class who play both the guitar and the piano? F. 30 K . 15° E. Which of the following is the set o f all real numbers such that x+ 3 > x x+ 5? A.

.2 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.54. x2 + 2xh + h 2 . -2x and x :::: 3 B . y � -2x and x s 3 56. If f(x) = x2 - 2 . . y � -2x and x � 3 D. 55. y . y � -2x or x � 3 E. x2 + 2xh + h2 K.:: 3 C. 4 5 -t and 1t < e < 3 21t then tan ' e= ? DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. x2 + 1/ G. If sin e = F. x2 + h2 . x2 . -2x or x . 3 4 K. 3 -s- J.. Which of the fol lowing systems of inequalities is rep­ resented by the shaded region of the graph below? y A. 3 4 H. 5 -4 G... then f(x + h) = ? F.2 + h H . y .2 J.

I f x = 2 t . . A. Which of the following is the graph . H.57. B. i s reflected across the x-axis to h ave the image lc.-d) (-c. What are the coordinates of point A' ? ( c . in the standard (x . 58. y E.y) coordinate plane.-d) J. y= B. ? D.. A tri angle.t. 59.2x D. y = 5 . Cannot be determined from the g iven i nformation F. /::. thus.9 and y = 5 . y c.y) coordi­ n ate plane. y = C.A'B'C' i n the standard (x. which of the fol lowing expresses y i n terms of x ? A .x E . G. A BC. )' = 1 - X GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. A reflects to A'. d) (-c. ( d . of y = ? 2 • -" + x X DO YOUR FIGURING HERE.d) . c) K. The coordinates of point A are (c . l -x 2 J9 -X 2- - y = 1 4 .

G.) e n. .v'2 2 V6 .60 .(cos a)(sin �) ? (Note: You may use the following table of values. I 4 sin e cos e I V3 2 2 v'2 2 V3 2 v'2 2 I 2 I 2 \13 . DO NOT RETURN TO THE P REVIOUS T EST. 4 1t 3 F.v'2 4 END OF T E S T 2 S TO P ! DO NOT T URN THE PAGE UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.�) = (sin a)(cos �) .2 4 V3 . sin(a . = 2 � - � and that DO YOUR FIGURING HERE. J. K. H. 6 n. What is sin �2 given that 1n.

You may refer to the passages as often as necessary. always thouaht of her as some wild l ittle b ird . you have ample time to adjust to the idea. I knew how those Nazis feel when suddenly. A sort 5 of human boomerang . The blond worn.3 READING TEST 35 Minutes-40 Questions DIRECTIONS: There are four passages in this test. I was not surprised when I � alked down the gravel drive to the mailbox . and fou n d the flimsy envelope with the Dal las postmark . "Why do you ask?"' she sai d . She studied i t for a minute and then ." "That's it?" 55 I nodded and handed her the letter." I s ai d . b u t the handwriting reminded me of someone's." I said . So even though I had lona since stopped expecting it.lady _ � ails ? n a_ woman who looked as if she should be lying 25 In satm wrth some flowers on her chest. sooner or later. "You're a grandmoth� r.. " G O O N TO THE NEXT PAGE. "What ' s she say'? I unfolded the letter. Yo d? n ' t get a snapshot in the mai l one day from a bab 70 g r rl you gave up twenty-four years aao s ay i n -L o "Congratulations. Each passage is followed by several questions." "What about you?" she snorted. or Texas for that matter. PROSE FICTION: This passage is adapted from the short story Swick (©1 991 by the U niversity of Iowa). eight ounce s . thi ngs . I opened the envelope a n d a picture fluttered into my lap ." We looked at the picture agai n . Mother pointed to the envelope. Waiting for me to the tone. . pain ti n 0 a 1 5 her fingernails a neon violet. I wheeled her around to face me and handed her the Polaro i d . and I gu ess peop le were startled to see these dragon. "Sun 's poking through . Mother was vain about her hands . It was a Polaroid of a sweet-faced blond holding a newborn baby i n a blue blanket . who wanted to keep her. 75 nail agamst the glossy p1cture.v al king down some sunny street Ill Buenos Alfes . After reading a passage. Sh says they are waiting and hoping to hear back from m soon . but I noti ced people stanng in the doctor' s waiting room. It s the shock of bei n "'a foun d after waiting s o long .< looked up. I suppose it's difficult for a n y woman t o acccr that she ' s a grandmother .! was seated on a flowered couch . I knew that at some point i n her flight path . 60 said . B efore I 30 even read the letter I knew . but in the normal order . Passage I 40 "That ' s her. which I ' d painted papaya yellow to attract good new s ." � We shook our heads in disbel ief. speechless for once . her wavy hair j u : grazing the edge o f a dime-a-dozen seasc ape i n a che<' 45 gilt frame ." Mother tapped J1." . but I could see the ghosts of all th long letters she must have written and cru mpled i nt• the wastebasket. . a single page neatly written . "She looks just like you Only her nose is more aristocrati c . " I guess that makes you a great-grandmother . :'Elba" by Marly Mother. after twenty or thirty uneventful years. I t w a s shor and businessli ke . pointin a a Jungl. and w as born by cesarea n . "Her name ' s Linda R o '· Caswe l l . 35 "What 's that?" Mother said . She had lost some weight and most of her hair to chemotherapy ." I said . but I knew she wa� a homing pigeon . I sat silentl y . choose the best answer to each question and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. they are ar�ested . She was sitting i n her new electric wheelchair i n front o f the TV." She dabbed at her pinky with a cottonball . "Just let up. The baby's name is B lake and he weighs eigl· pound s . ·· w_ell . she would make a U-turn . you ' re a grandma ! " " I t ' s not fa i r . Mother?" "Not so as I recall . Orchid fingernail at me. Fort 65 years old and I felt as if I had just shaken hands w i t Death. "She says she ' s had m y name and address fu some time but wanted to wait to contact me until aftt' 50 the birth . li� ten i n g to my brain catch up with my hi story . "I don ' t even feel l ike mother. Fran tS the narrator of the story. You know anyone in Dallas . I didn ' t 1 0 k n ow a soul i n Dallas . I walked back i nside the house. I was 20 u s e? to how she looked now . here ' s the li : ing proof. My own. "Still rain ing?" Mother asked.

H. 6 ." My knees cracked when I stood up. C . that she ' s h ad this big fan95 tasy for a l l these years that maybe you were G race Kelly or M argaret Mead and who could l ive up to that? No one. S he w i shes she had had time to prepare for the news . businesslike ton e ." she said. C. C. NOT describe one of Fran ' s reactions to the news that she is a grandmother? � A. She protests that this change i n her l i fe is unfair . getting drawn into it despite myself. "You know. Fran is disappointed about getting such a short letter after so many years of no news from Linda Rose. Linda Rose chose to l i ve with her father. G." She slid her eyes back to the television . Fran welcomes the good news about the birth of her grandson . H. bears a strong resemblance to Fran . strong-will ed and caring. that' s the thing. J . 3. The main point of the first p aragraph is that: F." I sai d . Fran finds the arrival of a letter from Linda Rose surprising . over for a visit. Fran is offended by the Jetter's cold . Fran ' s dreams of a perfect d aughter w i l l interfere w i th a n y real relationship she might have with Linda Rose. Fran . l i ves near the coast of Texas with her husband . 8. She fee l s suddenly older now that the l abel of grandmother applies to her. Their l i ves are sti l l connected despite l ong separa­ tions of time and distanc e . A. She looks forward to inviting Linda Rose and her son . publ i c . B . B . arguments between Fran and Linda Rose drove Linda Rose away . B . 80 "You going to write to her?" "Of course I a m . but I am not rude." I bristled . Linda Rose acted l ike a wild bird when she was young." mother. 5. You worried she ' s going to be troubl e or ask for money? For all we know. Which of the fol lowing statements does expresses Fran ' s feel ings when she hands her mother the letter from Linda Rose? G. 4. "She didn ' t mention any husband at al l . B l ak e . It can logically be inferred from the passage that the reason it has been a long time since Fran and Linda Rose have seen each other is because: Linda Rose left home to get married . as a child Linda Rose was adopted by another famil y . B. F." I said . Linda Rose has few i l lusions about Fra n . J . G. 7 . H.3 3 ''I 'm going to work. B . You 're her flesh-and-blood mother and that ' s enough . B u t you don ' t have to. D. A reasonable conclusion Fran and h e r mother draw about Linda Rose from her l etter and picture i s that Linda Rose: A. The two of them have enough in common that it won 't be difficult for them to get close . pity that so many people stare at her mother in J. D. H. when Fran l ooks at her "Maybe you ' re worried she ' l l be disappointed in you. They have buil t up too much resentment toward each other to have a good relationship now . D. Linda Ros e ' s h andwriting remi n d s Fran of her own handwriting . cares l i ttle about how she or her house l ooks . Which o f the fol l o w i n g statements most accurately 1 . "I may be some thing s . J. D. Fran believed Linda Rose would someday try to contact her. F. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. 9 . enjoys and col lects fine paintings . "You be all right here?" Mother nodded. friendly but withdrawn . Fran knows h o w hard i t m u s t have been for Linda Rose to write the letter. embarrassed by the gaudy colors of nail pol i s h her mother uses." A. 85 "I have n ' t thought that far. surprised b y h o w weak and o l d her mother l ooks. scrutinizing the picture in her lap. That' s all i t ' l l take. Fran feel s : F." "You going to i n vite them here? Her and th e baby?" She swiveled her eyes sideways at me. l oving but embittered . . C. don' t put it off. Linda Rose m i g h t cause trouble or ask for money. According to the passage . Fran shou l d n ' t worry about disappointing Linda Rose. Fran would most likely agree with which of the fol ­ l owing statements about her relationship w i t h Linda Rose? A. G . B lake . she's married to a brain sur90 geon with his and her Cadil l ac s . Fran ' s mother can most accurately be characterized as: arrogant and cruel . 2. "She ' s been waiting twenty-five years . accustomed to her mother ' s frailness and unusual fingernails. The m a i n p o i n t of the l as t paragraph i s that Fra n ' s mother believes: "Well . D. Fran shouldn ' t write to Linda Rose until Fran is emotionally prepare d . C.

G. the two most important forces i n political life are indifference and i ts direct byproduct. C . But the electorate is as interested in the whys and wherefores of most technical . in the triumph of hop· over experience . neither newspapers nor televisio: stations intend to lose their primary value as entertain ment. to a reporter whose journalism school cur40 riculum did not incl ude advanced algebra . personal gossip domin ate t h e public m i n e while interest i n the substance o f technical decisions i 50 minimal. when the only entertainment in town on a Wednesday night was to go to the county courthouse to listen to a prominent politician give a theatrical tirade against Herbert Hoover.ocratic faith that elected officials . � • '• • • � • - 3 issues as I am in putting ships in bottles: they do n ! 45 particularly care . the absurdity o l a o the notion o f rapid democratic responsiveness become� clear.i s tell the rascals how ti do their jobs better. have l i ttle chance of i mprov ing governmen 1 because they d o not understand the importan1 details of government . let new rascals in. Reporters focus on what sells papers or gets high Nielsen rating. G O O N TO THE NEXT PAGE. . Most of what one says to a l ocal newspaper (maybe not the New York Tim es) gets filtered through the mind of an inexperienced 35 twenty-three-year-old journalism school graduate. t h e level o perquisites. According to the passage . i n h i g offi ce s . however. the reason w h y Fran ' s mother warns Fran n o t to p u t off contacting Linda Rose is that Fran 's mother: wants before she dies to see her new great­ grandson . even with regard to high . Newspapers take up the slack a little. it inevitably follows t h a voting i s a negative exercise. far fro m democratic control. In 1978 I attended a seminar on federal est�tt and gift tax . What voters ar• unable to do. suspects Linda Rose is in some sort of trouble. and . where the Internal Revenue S ervtct lawyers responsible for this area frankly confessed tha they did not understand the Tax Reform Act of 1976 Intricate technical issues such as taxation . Angr: voters turn the rascals out and . i nertia . B . Most serious political communication is l imited to for ty-five seconds on the network evening news . can control elected officials ' technical decisiom through election s . crime in the streets . foreign wars (preventing them or arg u i ng for fighting easy ones ) . Try sometime to explain the intricacies of a program budget. most important of all . public morals . extramarital sexual relations. or control of navigable waterways escapes public notice almost completely. put into office to carry out the "will" of a people who fo1 the most part know little and care Jess about the tech· nical functioning of their government . F. In 20 days gone by .visibility issues. H. . spending money (public works). like the building of rocketships or the organizing of railroad yards. knows how long Linda Rose has been waiting to see Fran. or there is a nationwide strike or disas ter.. signifi cant communication between the elec­ torate and public officials is extremely circumscribed. 10 interest in the economy becomes all-consumin g . I n fact. When we recognize that in the federal 75 government. knows Fran tends to delay making hard decisions . Since the populace at large is more than willin: to delegate evaluation of the technical aspects of gov 55 ernment to somebody els e . and. When times are bad . educati o n . The w idely held tenet of derr. cannot understand government because they read too many newspapers and watch too much telev i­ sion . which basically involves solving a grand equa­ tion composed of numerous simultaneous differential functions . arms control 70 and nuclear power are difficult to understand for pro· fessionals. However. 15 Furthermore. nonemotional political . O n e o f the main points that the author seeks t o make i n the passage is that American citizens : A. Process and personaliti e s . to say nothing of the most dili gent layman . D. Passage II SOCIAL SCIENCE: This passage is adapted from a book titled How Courts Govern America by Richard Neely (©1 981 by Richard Neely). as opposed to bureaucrats or the judi­ ci ary . but h ave no con trol over the bureaucrats . the i ssues which attract p ublic notice usually involve raising 5 money (taxes) . Government is a technical u ndertaki n g . the economy. Gone forever are Lincoln-Douglas type debates on courthouse steps . the w a decisions are made and b y w h o m . an eloquent speaker could pack the courthouse and have five thousand people lined up 25 to the railroad tracks listening to the booming loud­ speakers. J.because they themselves do not under 60 stand the technical questions. The politi cal orator of yesteryear has been replaced by a flickering image on the tube unlocking the secrets of the government universe in forty-five30 second licks . 11.'_r � . with its millions of employee s . but very little . are popularly selected and d emocratic a l l y responsive is largely a myth which gives a useful legiti· 85 macy to a system. used to have a responsive government before tele­ vision cut back on news and began to concentrate on entertainment . n o t a positive o n e . there arc but five hundred and thirty-seven elected official s . That anything gets done by a political body at al: is to be applauded as a miracle rather than accepted as � matter of course. Except possibly on the local level . motor vehicle regulation. to say nothing of calculus..3 - • • :' 10. Serious coverage of goings-on in government i: deterred by the fact that government is so technical tha even career civil servants cannot explain what i s hap 65 pening. the daily toiling o f countless millions o f civil servants in areas such as occupational health and safety.

elected offi cials will do a better job.3 3 12. When the author asserts that indifference is a central fact of American political l ife (line 87) . H. In the fourth paragraph . 20. so technical that only career c i v i l servants can understand them . 13. New Federal Safety Regulations Due Out Today D. G. completely taken in by the myth that government is responsive to democratic control . H. newly elected officials will govern better than the ones just defeated. When there are no other interesting issues A. serious. 16. the argument is made that citizens are unable to tell government officials how to do their jobs better because citizens: F. don ' t vote in every election . he most l ikely means that citizens are: not concerned about the technical . New Accounting Procedures in Federal B udget C. D. newspapers and television will eventually provide better news coverage. G. television is primarily an entertainment mediu m . get very high ratings. their competitors . inexperienced and insufficiently educated . too technical for anyone other than an Internal Revenue Service tax lawyer to understand . 14. when is voter interest in the economy greatest? When national elections are held B. so technical that not even career civil servants can understand them . C . don ' t read enough newspapers o r see enough tele­ vision . H. more responsive to elected government officials than to unelected bureaucrats. B. According to the passage. G. if the voters get angry enough. H. the phrase "the tri u m p h o f hope over experience" (Jines 57-5 8) is an expression of the belief that: A. J. young and well educated . As it is used in line 1 7 . 15. expertise in a technical field is a qualification for holding office . . When there are bad economic times D. H. entertaining. Department of Interior Announces End of National Park Fees B. J. The author asserts that local newspaper reporters are often: F. but important . B. the news story under which of the fol lowing headlines would attract the greatest number of readers? A. details of government. The author uses the description of the tax seminar in 1 97 8 to make the point that some governmental issues are: A. F. young but experienced. not prepared to concede legitimacy to a govern­ ment unless it is democratically elected . have a tendency to elect rascal s . J. In the passage. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. When interesting personalities are leaders C . more technical than they used to be before the pas­ sage of the Tax Reform Act . C. Senator Smith Claims 'I Never Made a Nickel On It' 1 8 . J. the Federal Communications Commission requires Nielsen ratings. the word circumscribed means: technical . D. F. J. inexperienced but well educated. F. G. 17. 1 9. the newspapers . G. The passage makes the claim that television news cov­ erage is heavily influenced by Nielsen ratings because: those ratings pl ace great emphasis on tech n ic al details . don ' t understand the technical details of government. limited . According to the passage.

I am an America n writer.was not even a sovereign nation when I was born . My characters can .. suffered. I see these people (call them Indian s . They have shed old identities . it never occurred to me to doubt it. I hope to wring surprises. 65 70 75 so Yet my imaginative home is also in the tales to!< by my mother and grandmother. D. and think of myself as "bel onging" to 1 0 Faridpur.I ' m : person who could n ' t ride a public bus when she firs' arri ved . I speak his d ialect of Bengali . The nuns at school . I have been blessed with an enormity of materi:d 60 the rap i d and dramatic transformation of the U n i tec S t ates since the early 1 970s." citing the all-too-frequent examples of writers ruined by thei1 85 shrill commitments . the tiny village that was his birthplace. I have found m y way t o the United S tates after many transit stops . This is a vitally important statement for me -l am not an Indian writer. Perhaps even a mission. but finally I have to side with my "Third Wcld" compatriots: I do have a duty . education . until recently . Italy.there are parts o l me that remain Indian . . 3 Chinese) around me all the time and I never knew the · had an i nner life . They may sell you newspapers. godly perspec· tives . l iberation . Wri ters (especially American writers weaned on affluence and freedom) often disavow the notion of a "literary duty" or "political consciousness. and that if we wanted to be educated .I have never seen . Filipinos. not an expatriate . Glibness abounds on both sides ol the argument. ci vil war) . I was born into a city that feared its future . on the other hand. the writer know she has an i nexhaustible fictional population to e n u merate." which appears in the anthology The Writer on Her Work (©1 9 9 1 by Janet Sternburg). The most 50 moving form of praise I receive from readers can be summed up in three words: i never knew. acknowledge the same fact. Brought up in a culture that places its faith in horoscopes . The foreign -born . and learned to hide the scars . My literary agenda begins by acknowledging that 45 America has transformed m e . we'd better hit the trail westward. or clean your offices at night . A merica ha� c h a n ge d the pol i t i c a l n ffi l i a t i o n s o f most non-Western immigrants .called in Bengali desh. or the Russian Pale. My duty is to give voice to continents . The people I write about are culturally and politi c a l l y several hundred years o l d : consider the history they h ave witnessed (colonialism. the world of the Hindt epics . I attended a school run by Irish nuns . trying to extend i t . transcend the strait· jacket of simple psychologizing . Nevertheless . miracles. and now I ' m someone who w atches trac tot pulls o n obscure cable channels . 20 to be destined to leave India was to be banished from the sources of true culture . to overthrow the smothering tyranny of nostalgia." I am an Ameri c an . The unglimpsed phantom Faridpur and the all too real Manhattan have merged as "desh. foreign-born residents have not wanted to be in volved in defining the American reality. not the Indian . All my girl25 hood. I' ve had to sensitize editors as well as readers to the richness of the lives I ' m writing about . predicted that I would be a writer. It does not end until I show how I (and the hundreds of thousands like me) have transformed America. The astrologer meant to offer me a melancholy future. non-Western immigrants are changing the defini­ tion of what it means to be an American . taken on new ones. It is the ancestral home of my father a n d is now in Bangladesh . I hope . I straddled the seesaw of contradictions .3 Passage I ll HUMANITIES: This passage is adapted from Bharati Mukherjee's essay "A Four-Hundred-Year-Old Woman. For all the hope and energy I have placed in th< process of i m m i gration and accommodation . cared so passionately . I never knew they schemed a n : 55 cheated . C. It took me ten painful years. My "country" . from the early seven35 ties to the early eighties . the Third World immi40 grant with non-Western religions and non-European languages and appearance. I am an immigrant. B. beyond telling 11 good story . Meaning . cast by a neighborhood astrologer 15 when I was a week-old infant. 21 . Within that perceivec perimeter. The remaining struggle for me is to make the American readership. The l arger political entity to which I gave my first a lle­ giance-India. unfair. technology . the United States immigration policy is inheren t ! . can be as American as any steerage passenger from Ireland . GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. When even th forms of praise are so rudimentary . Koreans. My horoscope. in the 30 American mainstream . who regarded our w al led-off school 5 compound in Calcutta as a corner of England . I was born into a class that did not Jive in its native language. modem women . meaning the editorial a n d pu blishing industries as well . but also to redefine the nature of American. insinuated that India had long outlived its glories . that I would cross oceans and make my home among aliens . One of the main arguments the author is trying to make in the passage is that: A. The form that my stories a n c novels take inevitably reflects the resources of India� mythology -shape-changing. however. and trained me for emigration. my invest­ ment is in the American reality .

B . "All my girlhood. J . and lived in Manhattan . D. educated by Irish nuns in Calcutta. then moved to Manhattan. She was born i n Calcutta. H. According to the passage. H. she has never been there . She was raised in B angladesh . G. The author refers to the vil lage of Faridpur as a "phantom" (line 27) because: A. H. then moved to Manhattan. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. stories about immigrants to the United S tates gen­ erally have many more characters than do other types of stories. G . what i t means to be an American . "The astrologer meant to offer me a melancholy future" (line 1 9) . C. engaged i n a war with England. When the author says that the people she writes about "are culturally and pol i ti cally several hundred years old" (lines 75-76) . I straddled the seesaw o f contra­ dictions" (lines 24-25). she most likely means that she: wants to see people from non-European ethnicities i n cluded in what is cons idered mai ns tream American . I hope . at the time o f the author's birth. by reading her stories. not an independent country . because of their i m migrant status. tended to view the people she wrote about as one­ dimensional . it is a pa_rt of the Indian mythology her mother told her about. C. The first paragraph states that. D. Considering the i nformation given i n the first three paragraphs (lines l-33). She was born i n Faridpur.3 22. H . many of the author's readers learned that: good fiction writing obscures cultural differences among characters . F. transcend the strait­ jacket of simple psychologizing" (lin �s 73-74) . Irish. 3 0 . J. is working to change regulations so that many more Indian immigrants can l i ve in the U n i ted States . F. Indi a was: A. raising the political consciousness of recent immi­ grants to the United States . J. 3 27. H. When the author says that she is "trying to extend it" (line 30). J . moved first to England and some time later arrived in the United S tates . D. G. they have much more in common with the author' s characters than they ever realized. F. D. still part of Bangladesh. were overtly discriminatory when it came to non­ Western writers. but wou l d not publish her novels . Which of the following statements from the passage i s a n acknowledgment by t h e author that she was changed by America? F. creating characters whose cultural heritage is not easily identifiable. gave superfi cial praise to her work. was educated in Calcutta. B . it is now part of Bangladesh . C. finding an audience for her stories and novel s . people from non-Western countries have developed a stronger inner life than have most native-born Ameri cans. The author implies that she had to "sensitize editors" (line 48) because those editors: A. through her stories . she most l i kely means that her characters: have cu ltural and poli tical v iewpo i n ts that are repressive and outdated . 23. i s trying to find a way to make her home in the United States permanent. reinterpreting. s he considers Manhattan . even though she considers it to be her ancestral home. The author sees her "literary agenda" (line 44) and her "mission" (line 58) to be: A. 24. B. moved to the United States. governed by the Irish. and American values . have experienced an incredible amount of change in just one lifetime. did not understand that many Asian Americans were already reading her work . G. C. was educated in England by Irish nuns. not B angladesh. even though it was once part of India. B . G. J. 25. are really her mother's and grandmother's ancestors . have rejected Bengali . prefers to be part of both the Indian and the American cultures . which of the following is the most accurate description of the author' s girlhood and early adulthood? She grew up and was educated in Calcutta. 28. . British. ''I ' m someone who watches tractor pul l s on obscure cable channels" (lines 68-69). ''My characters can . to be her home. 26. F. 29.

. bodies grow faster than brains . H. we are likely to underestimate the rm:nlal power of very l arge animals dinosaurs in particular. You 're OK. .n� erage . The passage suggests that some fossil evidence about dinosaur beha vior has been overlooked in the past because scientists: F. a mere 50 .m. . The correlation of 40 brai!l size with body size among kindred animals (all reptiles. elephants or small lizards to Komodo dragons . . . ?� this criterion. did not have the necessary equi pment to di scover the social patterns of dinosaurs . Multiple trackways havt been u ncovered. Try the ultimate test within our system of values: Do you 85 know anyone who would wager a substantial sum even at favorable odds on the proposition that Homo sapiens will last longer than Brontosaurus? 3 1 . i n this age of "l'. which I support . does not enshrine dinosaurs as paragons of intellect. although I _ regard It as equally sigmficant. The idea of warmblooded dinosaurs has captured the public imagination and received a torrent of press c <. Since we have no reason to believe that large animals are consistentl y stupider than their smaller rei50 ativ � s . G. but not so fast as body size . but that they dominated the earth 75 for so long . . top-heavy perspective . . then we might expect to uncover amo n . First of al l . do. arc scarcel y worth men­ tJOnmg . OK. all mammals for example) is remarkabl y reg­ ul �r . . Dinosaurs have been making a strong comeback of late. the Brontosaurus eventually learned to hold up its own weigh t on land . believed that mammals were not capable of soci al formations . small animal s . Yet a!lother vindi �ation of d inosaurian capa­ b i l i ty � as received � er� httle attention .great physical prowess . The revisionist 30 interpretation . from mic e to. As we move from small to large animal s . with evidence for more than twent\ animals traveling together in parallel movemen t . we must � onc lude that l arge animal s require relatively less bram to do as well as smaller animal s . dinosaurs became a 5 symbol of lumbering stupidity. or so it appeared.5 million years perhaps since Australopithecus. have usually been reconstructed as slow and clumsy. and capable ani m a l s . . and I aroe animals have low ratios of brain weight to body weight . minuscule head of large-bodied Stegosaurus houses l i ttle brain fr? m our subjective . D i� some dinosaurs live in herds? At the Davenport Rand 65 sauropod trackway . The discovery of d inosaurs in the nineteenth cen­ tury provided . all the while . If we do n?t recognize this relation ship . i t is most rea­ sonable to infer that the phrase "the Brontosaurus that wallowed in its pond a generation ago is now running � on land" (lines 1 6-1 8) means that: A. and i t cannot be accidental that these s igns were 60 overlooked when dinosaurs labored under the burden o a falsely imposed obtuseness . . the Brontosaurus evolved from livi n "' o in the water to living on land . scientists' understanding of the Brontosaurus ' s l ifestyle has changed with in the last generation . . while pairs of males have been seen twinino their necks about each other in elaborate sexual comb � 20 f?r access to females (much like the neck wrestling of giraffes). I refer to the issue of stupidity and its correlation with size . h � d preconceived ideas about the i n telligence of dmosaurs . small footprints lie in the cent<: : and larger ones a t the periphery . The Brontosaurus that wallowed in its pond a generation ago is now running on land . The remarkable thing about dinosaurs i s not thar they became extinct. Homo sapiens. 70 But the best illustration of dinosaurian capability may well be the fact most often cited a gainst them ­ their demise . Indeed w . . 55 IV NATURAL SCIENCE: This passage i s adapted from the essay "Were Dinosaurs Dumb?" by Stephen Jay Gould (©1 980 by Stephen Jay Gould). . we mammals have an excellent track record and good prospects for the fu ture . . C . Dinosaurs were not even granted the usual solace of a giant. a quintessential case for the negative correlation of size and smarts . Dinosaurs held sway for 1 00 million years _ mammals . Brontosaurus wades in a murky pond because he cannot hold up his own weight on l and . . . People . Modern anatomical reconstructions indicate s trength and agility .3 3 Passage If behavioral complexity is one consequence o mental power. . large animals have relatively smaller brams than related. D. lived as small animals in while the interstices of their world . . Their extinction seemed only to confirm their flawed design. . In fact. .­ mammals do today . In braw 4 5 other words. dinosaurs some signs o f social behavior that deman � coordinatio n . and many paleontologists now believe that dinosaurs were warmblooded . 25 I don't wish to deny that the flattened . . but we have yet to dis8 0 play the staying power of dinosaurs . 32. B. . Could it be that sonw dinosaurs traveled much as some advanced herbivorou. d id not have the current data about dinosaur brain _ SIZe. active . After 70 mi l lion years on top . GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. W i th their pea brains and giant bodies. with large adults at the borde r' sheltering juveniles in the center? . _ SIZe mcreases. standard i l l ustrations of dinosaurs still inaccu­ rately depict their lifestyles . cohesiveness and recognitio n . ." Most paleon_ 15 tol <. 35 ' . but it does maintain that they were not small brained after all . In the context of the passage as a whole . but I do WISh to assert that we should not expect more of th e bea� t. They had the "right-sized" brains for reptiles of their body size. J. Dinosaurs .> gists are now willmg to view them as energetic . In 10 the standard illustratio n .000 for our own species. brains grow o n l y about two-thirds as fast as bodies. .

70 million years . what is the revisionist inter­ pretation concerning the relationship between intelli­ gence and physical size? A. J . It is u n fair to judge other species by h u m a n standard s .000 years ago. B. the first Homo sapiens. H. what does the author mean when he s tates that "people . an early version of humankind . The passage states that the ratio of brain wei ght to body weight in larger animals . 40. C. Large animals are not consistently less intelligent than smaller animals. the brain weighs an average o f one­ third of body weight. . Dinosaurs were paragons of intellect. study of human behavior is severely lacking . 36. Footprints of varying sizes indicating that dinosaurs traveled with advanced herb ivorous mammals D. 37.3 3 33. At maturity . B. higher. EN D OF TEST 3 STOP ! DO N OT TURN THE PAGE UNT I L TOLD TO DO SO. are scarcely worth mentioning" (lines 8 1 -82)? Compared to the complex social behavior of dinosaurs. the same. H. Compared to the longevity of dinosaurs . 1 00 million years . Compared to the size of dinosaurs. Not all species have a brain as small relative to body weight as do humans. As it is used in line 8 2 . human behavior seems simple. F. G. C. Dinosaurs actually had relatively large brains . 38. 5 million years. Dinosaurs were relatively small brained . D. Modern anatomical reconstructions indicating strength and agility B . In the context of the passag e . A. According to the passage. the term A ustralopithecus most nearly means: the l ast of the dinosaurs . . B . D. Humans are unusually smart in their judgment of other species . humans have been on earth a very short time. who appeared on earth 5 0 . F. DO N OT R ETURN TO A P R EVIOUS T EST. G. overestimated. humans seem incredibly small . Compared to the amou n t of study done on dinosaurs . 35 . Brain size is independent of body size . What does the passage offer as evidence that dinosaurs may have exhibited complex behaviors? A. According to the passage. top-heavy perspective"? F. G. H.000 years . J . Fossils revealing that dinosaurs l abored under severe burdens C. F. but a different species . G. Multiple trackways in which footprint size and location indicate social order 34. C. lower. J. 39. D. . J . is: A . which became extinct 5 million years ago . a physically larger species of human with a much smaller brai n . The human physical construction is deformed by the I argeness of the skull . which of the followi n g cor­ rectly states the relationship of brain size to body size? The brain grows at two-thirds the rate of body growth . The author states that the best illustration of dinosaurs' capability is their dominance of the earth for: 1 00 . What does the author suggest in lines 34-38 when he states that Stegosaurus has a small brai n from "our subjective. Dinosaurs' brains were appropriately sized . H. as compared to smaller animals.

000 500 Figure a dapted from R . (Note: All of these ages have an error of ± I Myr. o· . 1 ... was estimated for each plateau from the area of the plateau and the average thickness of the lava. It was hypothesized that the production of large amounts of lava and gases in the formation of plateaus may have con­ tributed to those extinctions . The lava volume. 58 Myr. and the rate of lava productio n ..000 1 .000 500 surface .- 0 0 500 5 ]' 1 . Each passage is followed by several questions. bl) <1) "" . It has been hypothesized that the huge outpourings of lava that formed these plateaus were produced by plumes of molten material rising from deep within Earth . 1 25 . . You are NOT permitted to use a calculator on this test. in cubic kilometers (knf) .000 I 15 direction of -. Rate of l ava production (km3/yr) <l:: 2 . E 0 25 diameter (km) Figure 1 I. :> <1) v Plateau Age (Myr) Lava volume (km3) A B c D 60 67 1 35 1 92 2.§ 20 0. � 1 . The results are i n Table 1 . Hill et al .500 +----. Floo d Basalts and Hot-Spot Tracks: Plume Heads and Tails. Passage Study 2 I Flood basalt plateaus are l arge areas of Earth ' s s urface covered with thick hardened l ava . Table 1 E' c s:: ..000 0 1 . and how l on g .000 2 .500 . in millions of years (Myr) . Mantle Plumes and Continental Tectonics.2 1 .. (. 66 Myr.----1 500 1 .000 . it would take the head of the plume to reach the surface .3 1 .---. Richards et al..>.) GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. Figure I shows the computer-generated plume . A model of a typical plume was created using a com­ puter. It was hypothesized that the "head" of the plume produced the flood basalt plateaus when its molten material reached the surface.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 SCIENCE TEST 35 Minutes-40 Questions DIR ECTIONS: There are seven passages in this test... ... The length of time l ava was being produced at each plateau . After reading a passage.) � <f::::l '-' -5 "' .::.7 1 .2 1 . its diameter.000 10 '-" .. ©1 989 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science .500 2 .2 1 . choose the best answer to each question and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. Study 1 Four flood basalt plateaus (A-D) were studied . i n km 3 per year.25 1 .. ©1 992 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.6 1 .- <1) .440.c 0.9 -:.000 1 .c u � <1) . <U 'O s:: <1) :> � .. Length of time lava was produced (Myr) Study 3 Scientists found that 3 large extincti o n s of marine organisms had ages similar to those of the formation of 3 of the flood basalt plateaus...25 Table adapted from Mark A. were also estimated . and 1 33 Myr. You may refer to the passages as often as necessary..

--.000 km 3 and 1 . B .--. the larger the number of marine organ isms that would become extinct. evidence would most likely be fou n d of another extinction of marine organisms that occurred arou nd: 77 191 H . 1 . between 1 . 60 67 1 35 1 90 age of plateau (Myr) g . the formation of which of the following plateaus caused the l argest number of marine organisms to become extinct? B. Myr ago .L. Myr ago . As the age of a plateau i ncreases . 0 -'-r--.000. D. which of the fol lowing state­ ments best describes the relationship. t) o 'k �� 1 ..::: '--' 0 ..::: '-' 0 .) .) 0 -'-r--. B .>:: :.g �� o 'k 1.0 '-< .::: 0 0 4.000 km . the length of time Java was produced increases.--.000 km3 . J . between the age of a flood basalt plateau and the length of time J ava was produced at that plateau? As the age of a plateau increases . § 2 .4 0 0 0 0 0 1. G.>. between 2 . Which of the following graphs best represents the rela­ tionship between the age of a flood basalt plateau and the rate of Java production? A.::: '-' 0 . A. H . the length of time lava was produced i ncreases . C.000 . Plateau C J.440. Myr ago . the same diameter a s the tai l . As the age of a pl ateau increases .5 0 <\. 60 67 1 35 1 90 age of plateau (Myr) D. approximately half the diameter of the tail .000 km3 and 2 .0 � .---.--. 1 2 5 . ' r 67 1 35 1 90 60 age of plateau (Myr) F. According to Study 2 . Plateau D F. the scientists would generalize that the heads of plumes are: A. � 1 .5 '-< . 2. Plateau B H.500.� 1 . 1 2 5 .>:: '--' 0 .5 0 E 2.0 o 'k :.>.--.g 2 . the length of time lava was produced decreases .5 '-< . G.0 . between 1 . If the hypothesis made by the scientists in S tudy 3 is correct .500 .5 - 0 0 .. 3. over 2 .g 1 .0 <.>. a flood basalt plateau that produced lava for a period of 1 . ro .000 km3 .B .g 1. If this hypothesis is correct.5 . There is no apparent relationship between the age of a plateau and the l en g th of time l ava was produced . If the plume model in S tudy I is typical of all mantle plumes.. Plateau A G. 2 .--. Myr ago .5 �� o 'k '-< . approximately twice the diameter of the tai l . 1 .0 :. if any . 0 0 0 0 4 5. 6 .0 :. . D.5 :.8 Myr would most likely have a lava volume: .>.0 § 'B . § . 250 J. half a s dense as the tai l . GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. B ased on the results of S tudy 2 . 60 67 1 35 1 90 age of plateau (Myr) � c.000 k m3 and 2 . 3 1 4 F. and then decreases .000 km 3 • C . The scientists in Study 3 hypothesized that the larger the volume of lava produced .

4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 Passage I I Succession refers to the change in species composition in a given area over ecological time. . Table 1 shows the bird species . Table I Successional time (yr) B ird species Dominant plants 3 Weeds Grasses 15 20 Shrubs 25 1 00 Pines 150 Oaks Grasshopper sparrow Eastern meadowlark Yellowthroat Field sparrow Yellow-breasted chat Rufous-sided towhee Pine w arbler Cardinal Summer tanager Eastern wood pewee Blue-gray gnatcatcher Crested flycatcher Caroli n a wren Ruby-throated hummingbird Tufted titmouse Hooded warbler Red-eyed vireo Wood thrush Note: Shaded areas indicate bird species was present at a density of at ieast l pair per 10 acres. and the successional time in years (yr) on plots of abandoned farmland studied in Georgia. the dominant (most common) plants . GO ON TO T H E N EXT PAGE.

-"' 8 -b!) .------ Figure 2 the the the the Figures and table adapted from William T. grasses .---. Biological Science. J ..>.. From the end of Year 2 to the end of Year 4 B.-----Figure l 20 0 10 :. I . Net productivity decreased and biomass increased. B ased on the data in Figures Both net productivity and biomass increased. shrubs . 0. Net productivity was highest when trees were dominant plants . H.200 0 4 2 6 10 14 20 50 JOO 200 successional time (yr) shrub tree herb Stages -----. respectively . F. Net productivity was highest when herbs were dominant plants. farmland in Georgia supported eastern meadowlarks. .. According to Figure 1 . From the end of Year 1 4 to the end of Year 50 D.. yell owthroats .. Both net productivity and biomass decreased . '1:' .0 0 4 I and 2. H. 1 1 . 9 . the student would predict that the dominant plants on this plot of land were most likely: A. weeds . A student learned that a particular plot of abanclonecl 7.. ©1 986 by W. pines. J . Net productivity was lowest when trees were dominant plants . G. D. at the end of Year 50 the net productivity of the land was closest to: 2 1 5 g/m /yr.. 425 g/m /yr. 2 C. 1 25 g/m 2/yr. According to Figure I .... Gould.4 0 0 0 0 0 The estimated changes in net productivity (grams of 2 organic mass produced per square meter per year [g/m /yr]) and biomass2 (kilograms of organic materi al per square meter [kg/m ] ) of plants on abandoned farmland in New York appear in Figures I and 2. B. F. the researchers should make which of the following conclusions about the overall change i n net productivity and b i om a s s over the 200 years studied? 8. Which of the following conclusions about net produc­ tivity is consistent with the results shown in Figure 1 ? Stages Net productivity was lowest when shrubs were dominant plants . Norton & Company... 0 2 4 6 1 0 1 4 20 50 1 00 200 sur.. N 0 10. 2 B.---. and field sparrows at a density of at least 1 pair per I 0 acres. Net productivity increased and biomass decreased. Keeton and James L. 1 ..- 0 :� u ::. Successional time is divided into 3 stages based on the dominant plants . 50 g/m /yr.W. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. D. From the end of Year 50 to the end of Year 200 30 � '-' t/) t/) ro 8 0 400 I': . total net productivity increased the most during which of the foll owing time periods? A. A. C . G. Inc. Based on Table 1 . From the end of Year 4 to the end of Year 1 4 C ...§ell 0 800 0 _.cessional time (yr) shrub herb tree -----.! '0 0 .

The amount of expansion is directly proportional to the rotation of the final pulley .05 8 !L) 0 . water bath Diagram 2 wire � 1 60 .20 0. liquids . final pulley -o ·s .25 '-' s:: 0 80 60 0 voltage source � ethanol 1 20 5 scale 1 40 6 Experiment 3 A 20 mL sample of a gas in a gas syri nge at room temperature (20°C) was placed in a temperature-controlled water bath (Diagram 3 ) . s:: ro 0. The results are shown in Figure 3 . run through a series of pulleys.. The rise of the liquid in the capillary tube was then measured at differen t temperature s . The results are shown in Figure 1 .:::: weight Diagram 1 6 6 ·. The temperature of the wire was varied by changing the amount of voltage applied .. .--.10 . aluminum 0 . brass iron nickel 20 40 80 60 temperature (0C) 1 00 1 20 Figure 1 Experiment 2 A sample of liquid was placed in a stoppered test tube fitted with a graduated capillary tube and the test tube was then p l aced in a temperature-control led water bath (Diagram 2).. Experiment 1 The apparatus shown i n Diagram I was used to mea­ sure the l inear expansion of wires of the same length made from different metals. water bath Diagram 3 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.00 40 20 20 30 40 50 temperature (0C) 60 Figure 2 0 .4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 Passage Ill Solids . a wire was connected to a voltage source. sr 1 00 '0 ll) "' · . Changes in gas volume as the tem­ perature increased were measured for 3 gases .§ 0 . then attached to a weight..15 x !L) 0. · and gases usually expand when heated. In each trial. Three experiments were conducted by scientists to study the expansion of different substances. The results for 3 liquids are shown in Figure 2 .

. copper. .. 30°C H.::l 0 F. the volume of all of the g ases tested in Experiment 3 decreased as temperature increased. Yes. heavier weight '------_) -------�� temperature . decrease . remain the same. No. At 8 0 ° C . iron . B .. 15._ heavier weight . if a balloon was filled with air at room temperature and placed on the surface o f a heated water bath. C. Aluminum . 0 +---. C . brass. at which of the following tempera­ tures did all of the liquids tested h ave the s ame volume? F. 40°C J... D. 1 2 m m .---. Nickel B ased on the results of Experiment 3. If Experiment I had been repeated using a h eavier weight attached to the brass wire . sooc A scientist has hypothesized that as the temperature of a gas is increased at constant pressure . nickel G. iron . The scientists tested a copper wire of the same i n i tial <I) . which of the fol­ lowing figures best shows the comparison between the results of using the heavier weight and the original weight on the brass wire? A. Aluminum . iron . iron. increase only .original weight temperature GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.. B ased on the results of Experiment I . � -"'�o. Yes. D. copper. which of the fol lowing correctly lists 5 wires by their length in the apparatus at 80°C from shortest to longest ? �o gen. B . 20°C G. as the temperature of the water increased. Brass H. Do the results of Experiment 3 support his hypothesis? 17. nitrogen and methane vol­ umes both increased. decrease only . Aluminum G. -� -� Experiment 3 increased as temperature increased. Iron �r � heavier weight "' A. aluminum 10 J.---.. - - _. ::: . D. :::: . J. although air decreased in volume when the temperature increased . copper. the volume of the gas will also i ncrease.. brass..-� 20 40 60 80 1 00 1 20 0 temperature (0C) Nickel . aluminum Figure 3 12. the linear expansion o f the wire w a s 0 ...� . which o f the following wires should she choose? F. copper. if an engineer n eeds a w ire most resistant to stretching when it i s placed under tension and heat .4 0 0 0 0 0 30 � '-' 20 .. Nickel.> 0 0 4 length as the wires tested in Experiment 1 ... original weight . In Experiment 2 . although air i ncreased in volume when the temperature increased . brass. .. nickel H.-�../-_ . 13. then increase. the volume of the balloon would: A.. r � ::< c. brass . - �rigiool woight L___________________________J temperature original weight heavier weight temperature B ased on the results of Experiment 1 .. .. and methane 8 0 0 1 6 . nitrogen and methane vol­ umes both decreased .. No. the volume of all of the gases tested in 14.

Figure adapted from Arthur Strahler.:::::.=.... 1 .:=. The Earth Sciences... A) 0..01 .· thermosphere I 0. ©1 963 by Harper and Row..- 0.:::1=. .. Types of solar radiation include X rays.: 1 :. 00 atmospheric density (g/m3) Note: I A = 1 X w. 000 -'----.: ... ultravi­ olet l ight.... pressure.-.- tropopause )-'---1.. and infrared radiation..: :.- 0 -+---.:1=.:1 =1 :::.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 Passage IV Certain layers of Earth's atmosphere absorb particular wavelengths of solar rad i ation while letting others pass through.::: :::.00000 1 1 50 0.001 .......000000 1 .. The cross section of Earth' s atmosphere below illustrates the alti­ tudes a t which certain wavelengths are absorbed.1 .0000 1 0.: ::::. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.: .. The figure also indicates the layers of the atmosphere and how atmos­ pheric densi ty ..stratopause · 10 stratosphere 1 00 ...:= :::..- rnesopause . 200 0. and temperature vary w ith altitude.0001 0...I O mesosphere -1- . visible light.:1::..surface atmospheric pressure (millibars) -50 average atmospheric temperature (OC) · troposphere 50 meters..1 .... 250 incoming solar radiation (wavelength in angstroms.- -+- ... The arrows point to the altitudes at which solar radiation of dif­ ferent ranges of wavelengths is absorbed.

250 km The upper boundary is not included on the figure. The information provided in the figure indicates that the air temperature in the troposphere is LEAST l ikely to be i n fluenced by which of the following wave­ lengths of energy? F. stratopause. Thermosphere 20.4 0 0 0 0 0 18. which of the following predictions about atmospheric boundaries would most likely be true if Earth received less solar radiation than it presently does? The tropopause. Stratosphere C. at what altitude is the upper boundary of the thermosphere located? F.000 A wavelengths.ooo A J. Mesosphere D. G. The tropopause. and mesopause would all decrease i n altitude. The tropopause and stratopause would increase in altitude. 21. but the mesopause would decrease i n altitude. and mesopause would all increase in altitude. B ased on this information and the d ata pro v i ded. 200 km J. but the stratopause and mesopause would i ncre a se i n altitude.ooo A 0 0 0 4 On the basis of the information in the figure. Troposphere B. Atmospheric boundaries are at a higher than usual alti­ tude above areas that get more direct solar radiation. G. 22. 1 50 km H. decreasing temperature. one could generalize that atmospheric pressure i n each atmos­ pheric layer increases with: A. 1 . 6. which atmospheric layer con­ tains the ozone layer? A. D. According to this information and the data. 7 . C.5oo A G. 4. J . decreasing altitude. . The ozone layer selectively absorbs u ltraviolet radia­ tion of 2.000-3. According to the data provided.500 A H. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. stratopause. increasing temperature. 0 B. F. increasing altitude. 19. H. The tropopause would decrease in altitude.

5 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.0 0 . lipid.8 3 6 .5 7 6 .7 0 . For verti­ cally migrating species. Table 1 shows the depth ranges and water.000 650.1 .600 1 0.5 6 2 .5 49 .4 60.8 0 . and carbohydrate content of 3 vertically migrating (vm) species of shrimp and 3 non­ migrating (nm) species of deep-sea shrimp . most of the population is found at the bottom of their depth range during the day and at the top of their depth range at night..1 3 1 .5 2 3 .8 36.5 0.s fr '"0 t:: Cd Q) g 600 800 0 20 40 60 80 1 00 1 20 140 1 60 oxygen partial pressure (mrn Hg) Figure 1 Table 1 % ash-free dry weight Species Depth range (m) Water content (% wet weight) protein lipid carbohydrate vm 1 vm 2 vm 3 300.7 72.1 .9 7 6 .5 35.8 1 6 . .1 .400 7 7 .7 nm 1 nm 2 nm 3 500. -e- temperature oxygen partial pressure temperature (0C) 5 0 I 0 15 lO 20 25 200 g 400 .8 0 .8 5 3 .7 0 .4 1 4 . 1 00 500.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Passage V 4 Key - Some oceanic shrimp are vertical migrators .9 4 1 . 1 00 7 5 . protein.400 75. Figure 1 shows water temperature and oxygen partial pressure at various ocean depths.6 7 9 .

which of the following pieces of infor­ mation supports the hypothesis that vm 2 and vm 3 can not tolerate oxygen partial pressures below 25 mm Hg ? A. C. They are not found below a depth of 400 m .5°C. can tolerate lower oxygen partial pressures . 7. On the basis of Table I . Protein is a major component of muscle. Assume that only tempera­ ture l i mits the range of this species . vm 3 H.5°C. C. 24.4 0 0 0 0 0 23. They are not found above a depth o f 1 00 m . one wou l d con­ clude that which of the following shrimp species is the strongest swimmer? F. B. nm 1 G. B ased on the information in Figure 1 . the nonmigrating shrimp species: F. D. D. l 2. carbohydrate than lipid. 1 5 . 25. nm 3 G. one would predict that the m aximum water temperature these shrimp could sur­ vive in would be: A. D. Assume that shrimp of a newly discovered species of vertically migrating shrimp were captured at night at a minimum depth of 200 m . . can tolerate higher water temperatures . Assume that only oxygen partial pressure limits the range of the shrimp species shown in Table 1 . 0 0 0 0 4 26. 3 . J. H.5°C. They have unusually high water contents . one would con­ clude that vertically migrating shrimp have a higher percent content of: A. B. C . Assume th. carbohydrate than protein . On the basis o f the information gi ven . Based on the information i n Table I . Accordingly. compared to the vertically m i grating shrimp species. one would expect that. protein than lipid. B .a t shrimp that are strong swimmers tend to have a higher prote i n : l ipid ratio than do shrimp that are weaker swimmers. lipid than protein. have a lower percent lipid content. have a greater water content.5°C. 27. They are not able to tolerate temperatures above l 0°C. G O O N T O THE NEXT PAGE. vm 2 J.

H . Consequently. 0 0 0 4 28. As ch imney height increases . C . the greater the difference in air speed . in turn . if either. Both S tudent I and S tudent 2 J. upward buoyant force acting on the balloon and its i nside air was stronger than the downward force of gravity acting on the balloon and its inside air. wind speed increases with alti tude . According to Student I . The upward flow of smoke is maintained as new air enters the fireplace . However. Chimney X is taller. . When wood is burned in a firep l ace. When wood was burned in 2 fireplaces that differ only in the height of their chimneys (keeping the same tem­ perature difference between inside and outside each chimney ) . They also discuss how chimney efficiency ( th e volume of smoke flowing out the top of the chimney per second for a given temperature difference between inside and outside the chimney) is related to chimney height . D. Average speed of the molecules G. the stronger the buoyant force compared with the force of gravity . and the more rapidly smoke rises . Neither Student I nor Student 2 3 1 . the pressure difference between the bottom and the top of the chimney is so great that air i s forced u pward . cooler than the air that surrounds the fireplace . Because the gases are hotter than the air. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. B. J . G. carrying smoke with i t . Student I would most l ikely argue that the air in the fireplace rises because the air is: A . S tudent 2 would conclude that Chimney X is taller. The tall er the chimney . the greater the difference in air pressure . Genera l l y . Student 2 only H. 32. and the gases rise. air in the fire­ place . S tudent 1 would conclude that C h i mney X is taller. D . which of the following quanti­ ties is less for the gases from burning wood than for the air that surrounds the fireplace? F. Both S tudent I and Student 2 would c onclude that Chimney Y is taller. efficiency i ncreases . carrying the carbon particles with them . causing more wood to burn . the average distance between adjacent gas molecules is greater than the average distance between adjacent air mol­ ecules. would predict that smoke from burning wood will rise up the chimney from a fireplace on a day when the air at the top of the chimney is NOT moving? F. Density Temperature 29. 30. The departure o f air from the bottom of the chimney . the air pressure at the bottom of the chimney is slightly higher than the air pres­ sure at the top of the chimney. When no wind is blowing. Chimney Y was found to be m ore efficient than Chimney X . hotter than the air that surrounds the fireplace. B . Student 2 would conclude that Chimney Y is taller. C. rises u p the chimney . the reason the balloon and its " inside air descended is most likely that the : downward buoyant force acting on the bal loon and its inside air was stronger than the upward force of gravity acting on the balloon and its i nside air. Average distance between adjacent molecules H. When the air inside a particular hot-air bal l oon cooled . hotter than the gases from the burning wood . J. As a result . Which student(s ) .4 0 0 0 0 0 0 Passage VI Two students explain why the smoke (a mixture of gases and carbon particles) from burning wood in a fire­ place rises up the chimney from the fireplace . as well as gases from the burning wood. B ased on Student I ' s explanation . and so the gas density is less than the air density. The taller the chi m ney . the greater the volume of hot gas . creates a pressure d i fference that forces new air into the firepl ace. the gas molecules have a h igher average speed than the air molecules. Student 2 Smoke rises because wind blows across the top of the chimney. S tudent 1 would conclude that Ch i mn ey Y i s taller. Both Student 1 and Student 2 would conclude that Student I Smoke rises because the gases from burning wood are less dense than the air that surrounds the fireplace. u p w ard force of gravity acting on the bal l o on and its i n side air was s tronger than th e do w n ­ ward buoyant force acting on the bal l oon a n d i t s inside air F. causing further burning and an upward flow of smoke. Student 1 only G. As chi mney height i n creases . cooler than the gases from the burning wood . effi c iency increases . the balloon and its inside air descended . when air at the top of the chimney moves at a higher speed than air at the bottom of the chimney . downward force of gravity acting on the bal l oon and its inside air was stronger than the upward buoyant force a c t i n g on the b a l l o o n and i t s inside air. . What conclusion would each student draw about which chimney is taller? A. the upward buoyant force acting on the gases is stronger than the downward force of g ravity acting on the gase s . and the more rapidly smoke rises.

D. B ased on Student 1 's explanation. behind the wings than in front of the wings . Temperature of the gases Average speed of the gas molecules Average distance between adjacent gas molecules C. J. Based on Student 2's explanation . in front of the wings than behind the wings. . Density of the gases B. G. H. if the gases from burning wood lose heat while rising up a chimney . below the wings than above the wings. 0 0 0 0 4 34. above the wings than below the wing s . the reason the wings of an airplane keep the airplane up in the air is that air moves at a higher speed: F.4 0 0 0 0 0 33. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. which of the following quantities pertaining to the gases simultaneously increases? A.

.1 *ppm is parts per million l 0 . 1 29 0 . The blender and remaining meat were then washed with H20 .030 0 .0 . remain the same. Table 1 Concentration of NO. The absorbances were corrected by subtracting the absorbance of the blank solution from each reading (see Table 1 and Figure 1 ) . each containing a different amount of NaN02 (a salt) in H20 were prepared .--.. pastrami . bologna H. C.4 35.. and pastrami in decreasing order of N02. pastrami .--. Experiment 1 Four solutions . The procedure was repeated for several meats.43 1 0 .2 6.---. G. then the cor­ rected abso rb ance of the solution will approxi mately: A.levels . quadruple .4 3 .(ppm *) Measured absorbance Corrected absorbance 0 .000 0 . bacon .4 0 . these washings were filtere d . A 1 00 g meat sample was ground in a blender with 5 0 mL of H20 and the mixture was filtered . A coloring agent was added that binds with N02. pastrami Pastrami .773 4. A s ample of pastrami was also measured i n Experiment 2 and i ts corrected absorbance was deter­ mined to be 0 . B acon .5 6 1 0 .with cancer. S tudents performed 2 expen­ ments to measure N02. D .667 0 . Which of the following correctly l ists bologna.. 1 53 0 .to form a purple compound that strongly absorbs light of a specific wavelength . double. 36. � :: : : r•• r l r r •. and the liquid was added to the sample solution.• • • • • 1 :: · · · · · �· · r ·····� · · · · ·r · · �·· · · · ·[· · · · · · E' 0.---. bacon .7 0 .---. A colorimeter (a device that measures how much light of a selected wavelength is absorbed by a sample) was used to measure the absorbance of each solution.0 4 .0 2 .is controversial because studies h a":e linked N02. .. Use of N02. B ased on the results o f Experiment l . bacon .220 Table 2 Meat Corrected absorbance Concentration of N02(ppm) Hot dog Bologna Ground turkey Ham B acon 0 .1. but no NaN02 was added .. The coloring agent was added and the solution was diluted to 1 00 mL.603 ..6 0 .0 corrected absorbance F i gure 1 1 .-----.0 1 .302 0 .2 5.--. halve..4 0 0 0 0 0 Passage VII 0 0 0 0 4 Experiment 2 Salts containing nitrite ions (N02-) are often added to meats to prevent discoloration caused by air and bacterial growth.. and the absorbance s were mea­ sured (see Table 2).940 0 .in a solution is doubled . Bologna.concentration? B ologna .2 1 .600 1 .8 1 .. if the concentra­ tion of NO.0 0 .729 1 . A blank solution was prepared in the same manner. 0 0 .2 0 . bacon J.0 8 . GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.349 0 .282 0 . B. and each solution was diluted to 1 00 mL. bologna F..

lower for some of the meats teste d . the same for all of the meats tested . 1 5 B . END OF TEST 4 STOP ! DO NOT RETURN TO A NY OTHER T EST. 0 B. higher for some of the meats.30 D. B ased on the results of Experiments 1 and 2 . H. lower. the corrected absorbance would have been closest to which of the following values? 0 . The colorimeter should be set to measure at a d if­ ferent wavelength of light. 0 . if the measured absorbances for the meats tested in Experiment 2 were compared with their corrected absorbances. the N02. but not to the sample solutions .4 0 0 0 0 0 37. higher for all of the meats tested. then which of the following changes in procedure would be necessary? The new coloring agent should be added to the blank solution .had been tested . F. 40.5 ppm N02. C. if a solution with a concentration of 1 . 0 . Both of the coloring agents should be added to the blank solution and to all of the samples . 0 .36 38. 0 0 0 4 39 . lower for others. If some of the water-soluble contents found in all of the meats tested in Experiment 2 absorbed light of the same wavelength as the compound formed with N02and the coloring agent. the measured absorbances would be: A. J.23 c. how would the measurements have been affected? Compared to the actual N02. higher for others. The absorbance of the blank solution made with the new coloring agent shoul d be added to the measured absorbances. H. G. D. lower for all of the meats tested. the same. . G. J. A.con­ centrations.concentrations apparently mea­ sured would be: F. B ased on the results of Experiment I . higher. If Experiments 1 and 2 were repeated using a different coloring agent that produces a different color when it binds with N02-.

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J 7. 23..29. H 33. D H D G SS Social Studies/Sciences Al = Arts/literature = . A J 20. A 34. B 17. J J .. - ss 34. 2. c 32. B 19. H 4. c 6. 23. G 40. D 17. A F - . G 27. B J 15. D AL·. 12. 10. 30. c 22. D 21. 30. D 8. 12. A H 3. B F 31. 9. Area• Subscora Aria* Key ss - 1. J 37. F 33. D F 18. c F 13. 8 31. H Key --- 29. 0 21. � � Practice Test 1 -- - -- 24.. F - 28. · - 32. 39. G 20. Science Scoring Key Key Key 1. H B F 13. c 19. 24. 2. 8 26. c 28. 6. A G 15. 8 35. 0 4. 27. B 3. 14. A • -- 26. 16. B 36. F 7. A 14. J 22. 16. --. c H 11. . J 5. J B 6. F 35. ij B F 25. F 36. D F 38.Reading Practice Test 1 Scoring Key Subscoi'a Area* Kay Al ss Subscore:�. 10. G A 11. J 25.. c 36. F 9. 40. J 39. c 37. c G AL Key . 5. J 18..