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COMMON ABBREVIATIONS USED

IN THIS TERRESTRIAL MANUAL

ABTS
AGID
ATCC1
BBAT
BFK
BGPS
BHK
BLP
BPAT
BSA
BSF
CAM
CEF
CF
CFU
CIEP
CK
CNS
CPE
CPLM
CSY
DEPC
DEAE
DEPC
DMEM
DMSO
DTH
EDTA
EGTA
EID
ELISA
EMTM
EYL
FAT
FAVN

1

2,2’-azino-di-(3-ethyl-benzthiazoline)-6sulphonic acid
Agar gel immunodiffusion
American type culture collection
Buffered Brucella antigen test
Bovine fetal kidney (cells)
Beef extract-glucose-peptone-serum
(medium)
Baby hamster kidney (cell line)
Buffered lactose peptone
Buffered plate antigen test
Bovine serum albumin
Bovine serum factors
Chorioallantoic membrane
Chicken embryo fibroblast
Complement fixation (test)
Colony-forming unit
Counter immunoelectrophoresis
Calf kidney (cells)
Central nervous system
Cytopathic effect
Cysteine-peptone-liver infusion maltose
(medium)
Casein-sucrose-yeast (agar)
Diethyl pyrocarbonate
Diethylaminoethyl
Diethylpyrocarbonate
Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium
Dimethyl sulphide
Delayed-type hypersensitivity
Ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid
Ethylene glycol tetra-acetic acid
Egg-infective dose
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
Evans’ modified Tobie’s medium
Earle’s yeast lactalbumin (balanced salt
solution)
Fluorescent antibody test
Fluorescent antibody virus neutralisation

FBS

Fetal bovine serum

FITC
FLK

Fluorescein isothiocyanate
Fetal lamb kidney (cells)

FPA

Fluorescence polarisation assay
Relative centrifugal force

G
GIT
HA
HAD
HBSS
HEP
HEPES

Growth inhibition test

HI
HRPO
IB
ICFTU
ICPI
ID50
IFA
IHA
IPMA

Haemagglutination
Haemadsorption
Hanks’ balanced salt solution
High-egg-passage (virus)
N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine, N-2ethanesulphonic acid (buffer)
Haemagglutination inhibition
Horseradish peroxidase
Immunoblot test
International complement fixation test unit
Intracerebral pathogenicity index
Median infectious dose
Indirect fluorescent antibody (test)
Indirect haemagglutination
Immunoperoxidase monolayer assay

IU
IVPI
LA
LD
LEP
LPS
MAb
MAT
MCS
MDBK
MDT
MEM
MHC

International units
Intravenous pathogenicity index
Latex agglutination
Lethal dose
Low egg passage (virus)
Lipopolysaccharide
Monoclonal antibody
Microscopic agglutination test
Master cell stock
Madin-Darby bovine kidney (cell line)
Mean death time
Minimal essential medium
Major histocompatibility complex

MLV
m.o.i.

Modified live virus (vaccine)
multiplicity of infection

American Type Culture Collection, P.O. Box 1549, Manassas, Virginia 20108, United States of America.

OIE Terrestrial Manual 2008

xv

Common abbreviations used in this Terrestrial Manual MSV NI OGP OPD OPG ORF PAGE PAP PAS PBS PCR PD PFGE PFU PHA PPD PPLO PRN PSG Master seed virus Neutralisation index 1-octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (buffer) Orthophenyldiamine (chromogen) Oxalase-phenol-glycerin (preservative solution) Open reading frame RBC RFLP RK RPM RSA Red blood cell Restriction fragment length polymorphism Rabbit kidney Revolutions per minute Rapid serum agglutination RT-PCR Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis Peroxidase–antiperoxidase (staining procedure) Periodic acid-Schiff (reaction) Phosphate buffered saline Polymerase chain reaction Protective dose Pulsed field gel electrophoresis Plaque-forming unit Passive haemagglutination (test) Purified protein derivative Pleuropneumonia-like organisms Plaque reduction neutralisation Phosphate buffered saline glucose SAT SDS Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction Serum agglutination test Sodium dodecyl sulphate SPF SPG SRBC TCID50 TMB TSI VB VBS Vero VN Specific pathogen free Sucrose phosphate glutamic acid Sheep red blood cells Median tissue culture infective dose Tetramethyl benzidine Triple sugar iron (medium) Veronal buffer Veronal buffered saline African green monkey kidney (cells) Virus neutralisation * * * xvi OIE Terrestrial Manual 2008 .