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INTERESTING FACTS AND FIGURES ABOUT OUR BODY

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The average adult human body contains between 50 trillion to 100 trillion cells.
There are about 200 different kinds of cells in our body.
A typical human cell is about ten microns across.
More than two trillion of our body cells die every day and have to be replaced by new ones.
The bone marrow inside your bones makes about 1.2 million new red blood cells every second.
When brain cells die, they are usually not replaced. Up to 10,000 of them die every day.
Some kinds of cells, such as heart muscle cells, do not keep dying and being replaced. We keep the
same ones for your whole life.
Humans have 46 chromosomes inside the nucleus of most of their cells. Chromosomes are long,
thin molecules of the chemical DNA.
An average chromosome contains about 1,300 genes.
The complete human genome (set of human genes) contains about 30,000 genes.
An average adult human body contains about 70% of water by weight.
An adult has 206 bones. A new-born baby has up to 270 bones, but some of them fuse together as
it grows into an adult.
The smallest bone in the body is the stapes or stirrup bone in the ear. It's less than 0.15 of an inch
long.
The biggest, heaviest and longest bone in the human body is the femur (thighbone).
The adult human body has 32 teeth. Before growing adult teeth, children grow a first set of 20
smaller teeth called milk teeth.
The human body contains about 650 skeletal muscles (the muscles that are attached to your bones).
The biggest muscle in the body is the gluteus maximus. We have one in each buttock.
A typical human body has five million hair follicles. One hair can grow out of each follicle.
An average person has about 1 00,000 hair follicles on their head.
Hair grows at a rate of about 0.4 of an inch per month.
Fingernails grow at a rate of about 0.1 of an inch per month.
Although very thin, at 5 kg our skin is the heaviest body organ, despite losing 50,000 skin flakes
every minute.
The human body has three million sweat pores and releases more than half a litre of sweat a day.
Your brain makes up only 2% of your body weight, but uses up 20% of your energy.
The human brain can make 20 million billion calculations per second, making it faster than any
computer in the world.
A typical human can detect about 4,000 different smells and over 10,000 different colours.
If all the blood vessels in one human body were stretched out, they would be about 60,000 miles
long - long enough to reach twice around the Earth.
An average adult's heart beats about 75 times per minute. That's 4,500 beats an hour, or 108,000
beats a day. In a lifetime, a heart beats about 3 billion times.
Your mouth releases about three cups of saliva a day.
Food takes about three days to pass through your digestive system.
There are more bacteria living inside one person's intestines than there are human beings on Earth.
There are probably more than seven billion bacteria in your moutheven if you just brushed your
teeth!

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