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Risk Assessment Form

#15 Activity-Based Risk Assessment for Painting of the Terror Club Compound
and Roof Washing of T.C. Buildings
Inventory of Work Activities
Company: PNH Resources LTD PTE
24 April 2012
No
.

Process Description

Work Activities

Permits and licenses

Site Preparation

The contractor is responsible for obtaining all applicable


licenses and permits for this project.
1. Remove all signs prior to painting.
2. Erect barricades and post appropriate safety
signage in this area.
3. Clean all drains prior to commencing painting
operations.
4. Remove all empty phone banks
5. Clean all drains prior to painting.
6. Replace electrical outlets
7. Prepare all exterior concrete surfaces to receive new
coatings including cleaning, removal of debris, old
coatings, etc.

Painting Works on Lot 1

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Painting Works on Lot 2

1.

Terror Club House and surrounding buildings shall be


painted White with Black Trim.
Air ducts behind the Terror Club will be painted
white.
Paint existing phone banks white
Paint two doors in the rear of the Terror Club Black
Paint bike racks outside of the Terror Club Green.
Painting of sidewalks, drainage areas, small red
bridge, lamp posts (approximately 17 ea.) and
external trimmings (Dark green for sidewalks and
black for lamp post, the shade of green will be the

same as the tennis courts or per sample provided).


5

Power Washing of Roofs on 4 buildings, Lot 3:


Site Preparation:

1.

2.

Roof Washing:

1.

2.

3.

Supply, erect and maintain temporary hoarding


and/or barricades at the proposed work areas for
each building roof being washed including all of the
necessary warning signs, directional signs and
hazard lights (if required) all installed at strategic
locations to warn and direct.
Remove all signs, posters, dirt, splinters, loose
particles, grease, oil, mold, rust and other foreign
matter and substances deleterious to coating
performance as specified for each substrate before
application of paint or surface treatment. Remove
deteriorated or loose coating before repainting
begins. Oil and grease shall be removed prior to
mechanical cleaning. Cleaning should be
programmed so that dust and other contaminants
will not fall on wet newly painted surfaces. Spot
prime all nail heads on or in contact with surfaces to
be painted with water-based paints, with corrosioninhibitive prior capable of preventing flash rusting
and is compatible with the coating specified for the
adjacent areas.
Supply and erect temporarily new and approved
scaffolding system all around the perimeter of the
affected buildings and all up to and slightly above
the existing roofing level and remove the same
upon completion of works.
Supply and install new and approved temporary
safety life-lines and other safety
equipment/components for complete worker fall
protection.
High-pressure wash to thoroughly clean and remove
all existing stains, algae, moss, dirt, vegetation and
other stubbornly embedded items/materials/matters
etc. on all the exposed surfaces of existing roofing.

Complete with necessary pressure equipment, taps,


tapping and provision of water source, high pressure
hoses, securing clips, hand brushes etc., all for a
complete pressure washing and cleaning.
6

Painting of metal structures supporting four canopy areas, Lot 4

Working outside in the ambient environment

Fall Protection

Competent persons

1.

Oil based paints employed as the best protection


and best finished product in an outdoor
environment.
Workers will be subjected to heat stress conditions that can
lead to heat injuries and illnesses.
Attached is a copy of the generic fall protection plan used
by PNH Resources in planning work at heights.
Competent persons for this project with corresponding hand
phone numbers to be contacted in the event of an
emergency or any concerns regarding this project.

Risk Assessment Form


Activity-Based Risk Assessment Form
Company:

PNH RESOURCES PTE LTD

Conducted by: (Names,


designations) (Date)

Process/Locatio Painting of the Terror Club Complex


n:
Approved by:
Mr. Lee Wilson
Last Review
(Name,
Senior Safety Manager
Date:
designation)
24 April 2012
(Date)
1. Hazard Identification
2. Risk Evaluation
1a

1b

1c

1d

2a

2b

2c

24 April 2012

Bradamente Amoroso
(Martin)
Project Superintendant
24 April 2012
Next
01 November
Review
2012
Date:
3. Risk Control

2d

3a

3b

N
o

Work
Activity

Acquire
appropriate
licenses and
permits
Site
Preparation

Hazard

None.

Eye Hazard
from flying
debris when
performing
different type
of prep work
from erecting
barricades,
posting safety
signage, drain
cleaning,
removal of
grease and oil
and
preparation of
concrete
surfaces.

Possible
Accident/
Ill Health &
Persons at
Risk
None.

Persons
directly
involved with
this phase of
this project.

Existing Risk
Control
(if any)

Severity

Liklihood

Ris
k
Lev
el

None.

Minor

Remo
te

Low

PNH workers
are issued
sight
protection
upon
employment.

Minor

Remo
te

Low

Sight
protection is
replaced when
deterioration is
due to normal
wear and tear.
Workers who
lose this
equipment or
the
deterioration is
due to neglect
replace this
equipment at
their own
expense.
Workers are
NOT allowed
to work
without proper
sight

Additional Risk Control

Action
Officer
Designati
on
Senior
Safety
Manager

Sight Conservation training is


part of PNHs routine training
program and is re-emphasized
at the beginning of any new
project where workers may be
at risk of eye injury.

Senior
Safety
Manager

N
o

Work
Activity

Hazard

Musculoskelet
al

Painting on
Terror Club
House and
three other
buildings
associated

Chemical
Hazard from
skin exposure
to paints,
solvents,
adhesives,
sealants. This
phase of the
project will
include some
painting
operations
that are
considered to
be minor in
scope.
Chemical from
skin
exposures to
paints.

Possible
Accident/
Ill Health &
Persons at
Risk
Persons
directly
involved with
this phase of
this project.

Person who
are tasked
with handling
these types of
materials.

PNH painters
These are
workers who
are
designated
professional

protection.
Existing Risk
Control
(if any)

PNH workers
receive
training on
how to avoid
these types of
injuries.
This training is
repeated prior
to beginning
each project
Good overall
skin protection
including
chemical
resistant
gloves (nitrile
or vinyl) which
are available in
the PNH Safety
Office.

Good overall
skin protection
including
chemical
resistant
gloves (nitrile

Severity

Liklihood

Ris
k
Lev
el

Additional Risk Control

Action
Officer
Designati
on

Minor

Remo
te

Low

PNH workers are advised to


take breaks as needed.
Identify activities in the
workplace that can place them
at risk of musculoskeletal
injury or injuries from
repetitive motion and awkward
occupational postures.

Senior
Safety
Manager

Minor

Remo
te

Low

PNH workers have received


significant training in how to
reduce risk with regards to
these types of exposures on
the jobsite. This training has
included labeling of HAZMAT,
personal protective equipment,
use of Safety Data Sheets
(SDSs), and spill containment.
This training is aggressive and
ongoing.

Senior
Safety
Manager

Minor

Remo
te

Low

PNH workers have received


significant training in how to
reduce risk with regards to
these types of exposures on
the jobsite. This training has
included labeling of HAZMAT,

Senior
Safety
Manager

with this
compound.

N
o

Work
Activity

painters and
have had
additional
training and
are included
in the
Companys
Respiratory
Protection
Program
(RPPM).

Hazard

Sight Hazards
-from painting
operations is
always a
common
problem
especially
when workers

Possible
Accident/
Ill Health &
Persons at
Risk
PNH painters
assigned to
this project

or vinyl) which
are available in
the PNH Safety
Office.
Some of these
paints may be
oil based
which
potentially
pose a greater
occupational
risk to workers
however, most
of this project
will be
conducted
outdoors in
good
ventilation and
none of the
proposed
paints contain
lead,
cadmium, TDI
or MDI.
Existing Risk
Control
(if any)

PNH painters
have been
issued sight
protection as
well as other
personal
protective
equipment

personal protective equipment,


use of Safety Data Sheets
(SDSs), and spill containment.
This training is aggressive and
ongoing.
Recommend that any
questions regarding the
materials being used be
referred to the Site Safety
Officer who will review the
Safety Data Sheet with the
worker.
Safety Data Sheets are
maintained at the
administrative office in
Woodlands and also in the
Safety Office at Sembawang.

Severity

Liklihood

Ris
k
Lev
el

Minor

Remo
te

Low

Additional Risk Control

Sight Conservation training is


part of the routine safety
training conducted by the
company. This training
includes precautionary
information found on
manufacturers labels, who to
call in case of eye injuries and

Action
Officer
Designati
on
Senior
Safety
Manager

are
performing
overhead
work.

N
o

Preparation
for roof
washing

Work
Activity

Working at
heights, see
the attached
generic fall
protection
plan

Hazard

Musculoskelet
al from
working at
heights and in
awkward
positions
increases risk
of sustaining
sprain and
strains and
even more
significant,
falls from
heights as
addressed
above.

Injuries from
falls and tools
and
equipment
falling from
heights.

Possible
Accident/
Ill Health &
Persons at
Risk
Workers
assigned as
roof washers
to this project.

(PPE) including
hard hats,
steel toed
shoes and
hearing
protection.
Review of work
procedures on
a daily basis.
Review of the
attached fall
protection
plan.

emergency first aid


requirements for eye injuries.

Modera
te

Remo
te

Low

Existing Risk
Control
(if any)

Severity

Liklihood

Ris
k
Lev
el

Detailed
briefing prior
to beginning
this phase of
the project.

Modera
te

Remo
te

Low

The assigned
roof washers
have
significant
experience
with this type
of work from
their extensive
work in the
family housing

Ensure that any and all


scaffolding is inspected for
safety and correct erection
prior to use by workers. Any
work over 1.8 meters will
require the use of safety
harnesses. Additionally,
anchor ropes will be required
to be strung over the tops of
the buildings being wash to
facilitate the anchorage of the
roof washers.
Additional Risk Control

Senior
Safety
Manager

Good overall supervision of this


project to include regular
scaffolding inspections and
daily safety training. Talks
should cover the planned daily
activities.

Senior
Safety
Manager

Action
Officer
Designati
on

Sight Hazard
from flying
debris when
conducting
roof washing.

Clean-up of
work areas

Musculoskelet
al
Once painting
and roof
washing has
been
completed,
ensure that all
construction
and or work
related debris
is collected,
bagged and
transported to
the
Woodlands
Office to be
stored until it
can be
delivered to

Workers
assigned to
physically
perform roof
washing and
other persons
transiting
through the
area.

Ensure that
workers
employ
lessons
learned
through
musculoskelet
al training and
training on the
Sight
Conservation
Program.

area.
Eye protection
issued to and
worn by roof
washers.
Good traffic
control of the
work site.
Secure areas
where
personnel in
the vicinity
could be at risk
for having
something
blown into
their eyes.
Eye protection
and
employment of
good lifting
techniques to
include lifting
with the legs,
keeping the
back straight
and holding
the load as
close as
possible to the
body.

Minor

Remo
te

Low

Ensure that Sight Conservation


Training is re-emphasized prior
to commencing this project.

Senior
Safety
Manager

Inspect workers for condition of


sight hazard eye wear.
Chemical splash goggles are
available in the Safety Office
for check out and/or issue if
safety glasses are deemed to
not be adequate to protect
workers.

Minor

Remo
te

Low

Emphasize both of these


potential risks prior to
commencing clean-up.

Senior
Safety
Manager

N
o

Work
Activity

Heat

an approved
disposal site.
Hazards will
include
musculoskelet
al and sight
hazards.
Hazard

Chemical As
there will
potentially be
paint dripped
on the deck
below where
painting
operations are
conducted,
these will
have to be
cleaned up.
Heat Cramps
Heat Rash
Heat Syncope
Heat
Exhaustion*
Heat Stroke**
*If not treated
properly can
progress to
heat stroke.
**Life
Threatening
and is a real

Possible
Accident/
Ill Health &
Persons at
Risk
Workers
assigned to
clean-up paint
spillage at this
construction
site.

Personnel
performing
work outdoors
in Singapore.
For this
project,
specific
workers at risk
will be the
staff assigned
to do painting
and also the
roof washers.

Existing Risk
Control
(if any)

Severity

Liklihood

Ris
k
Lev
el

Additional Risk Control

Eye and skin


protection
shall be
employed for
workers who
come in
contact with
paint removal
solvents.

Minor

Remo
te

Low

The hazards associated with


paint removal solvents should
be reviewed prior to initiating
this phase of the project.

Senior
Safety
Manager

Tool Box Talk


Training
concerning
heat stress,
clean drinking
water at all job
sites, sufficient
rest periods for
workers in
accordance
with NAVMED
P-5010 and
Ministry of
Manpower
Recommendati

Min

Occas
.

Low

Continue emphasis on heat


injuries whenever safety stand
downs, events, tool box talks
etc.. are planned. Ensure that
drinking water is always
available for crews working in
heat stress conditions. Ensure
that sub contractors receive
training on the Heat Stress
Program observed at the
Sembawang Compound
including the use of colored
flags.

Safety
Manager

Please refer to the chart

Action
Officer
Designati
on

medical
emergency.
Definitive
medical
assistance
must be
summoned.

Heat
Stress
(Color)
Green

Conditio
n

Yellow

II

Red

III

Black

IV

Calculations
:

ons

This information shall pertain


to all of the activities
conducted outdoors during this
project.

Heat Stress WBGT


Temperature
27.78-29.39 C
84.9F)
29.44-31.06 C
87.9F)
31.11 32.17 C
89.9F)
Above 32.22 C

provided at the bottom of this


document for additional
information regarding heat
monitoring on this compound

Activity Level

(82-

Discretion is required when planning heavy exercise for acclimatized personnel.

(85-

Strenuous exercise and activity for new and un-acclimatized personnel during the first 30
days of heat exposure.
Strenuous exercise should be curtailed for personnel with less than 12 weeks of training in
hot weather.
Physical training and exercise should be curtailed for all personnel (operational
commitments excluded).
Heat stroke likelihood is high under conditions of high exertion.

(88(90F)

WBGT = WB X 0.7 + DB X 0.1 + GT X 0.2


Meter calibration should be manually verified every 3 months. Manual calculation must be 0.2 + the meter WBGT readout

Fall Protection Plan


Falls to the ground can occur from unprotected edges and sides of roofing systems,
ladders, scaffolding or falls from upper levels during installation of equipment.
The order of control measures (hierarchy of controls) to abate falls or to select and use
a fall protection method to protect workers from performing work at heights shall be:
Elimination
Prevention
Work Platforms
Personal Protection Systems
Administrative Controls
Primary protection for elevated work consists of a platform or scaffold which is erected
properly. The bases are on flat surfaces and secured with braces and guardrails and toe
boards are provided on all four sides. The guardrail system shall be capable of
withstanding without failure a force of 200 lbs. applied in an outward or downward
direction at any point. The top rail shall be 42 +/- 3 inches high and the mid rails

shall be installed midway between the top rail and the floor, platform, runway, or ramp.
The ends of the top rails and mid rails shall not overhang the terminal posts except where
such overhang does not create a projection hazard. Toe boards shall be at least 4 inches
high.
If there is no fixed empennage stand to restrain workers from falling, workers shall wear
an approved personal fall arrest system (PFAS). Personal fall arrest systems include a
full-body harness, safety sleeve, 3 foot rope adjuster lanyard, 50 foot lifeline with one
free end and a self-locking snap hook at the other, and an anchorage point (D-ring
anchorage connector). The anchorage point shall be capable to support at least 5000
pounds per workers. One system per person; each component is essential to restrain
movement and prevent falls. Workers will use the rope adjuster to position themselves for
a free lateral mobility. Note the PFAS requires conscious effort by each individual to
avoid falls from the roof and sides.
No employee shall be allowed in the elevated area unless the employee is wearing a PFAS
and performing elevated work in that area. Project site safety inspector shall be
assigned as the competent person to monitor the safety of other employees. The safety
monitor shall be competent to recognize fall hazards, shall warn employees when it appears
that the employee is unaware of a fall hazard or is acting in an unsafe manner. The
safety monitor shall be in the same area and within visual sighting distance and close
enough to communicate orally with the employee being monitored and the safety monitor
shall not have other responsibilities which could take the monitors attention from the
monitoring function.

QUALIFICATIONS AND POINTS OF CONTACT FOR THIS PROJECT


April 2012
Competent/Qualified Personnel:
Lee Wilson - 8205 8249
QP/ First Aid CPR/ Heat Stress Program/ Respiratory Protection Program/ Hearing/Sight Conservation Program
Alan Detoyato - 8216 5241
QP/ First Aid CPR
Lim Meng Han 9099 8691
QP/ Fire Safety
Lim Joseph 9683 7072
CP/ Scaffolds/ Fall Protection
Eng Yong Chye 9626 9262
CP/Electrical/First Aid CPR/LOTO
Equipment Used:

Inspection Requirements:

Training Requirements

Ladders/Scaffolds
Hand and Power Tools
First Aid Kit
Eyewash Station
LOTO Kit
Fire Extinguishers

Inspect PPE daily and before use.


Inspect first aid kit at least weekly.
Inspect electrical extension cords before use
Visual inspection of Fire extinguisher daily
Daily Housekeeping of work areas
Daily site safety inspections by Safety Manager
and project Quality Control

Ladders/Scaffolds
Proper Lifting Techniques
First Aid/CPR
Emergency Telephone Numbers
Daily/Weekly Safety Tool Box Meetings