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Water Pollution

Water pollution is the contamination of natural water bodies by chemical,

physical, radioactive orpathogenic microbial substances. Adverse alteration of water


quality presently produces large scale illness and deaths, accounting for approximately
50 million deaths per year worldwide, most of these deaths occurring in Africa and Asia.
In China, for example, about 75 percent of the population (or 1.1 billion people) are
without access to unpolluted drinking water, according to China's own standards.
[ Widespread consequences of water pollution upon ecosystems include species
mortality, biodiversityreduction and loss of ecosystem services. Some consider that
water pollution may occur from natural causes such as sedimentation from severe
rainfall events; however, natural causes, including volcanic eruptions and algae blooms
from natural causes constitute a minute amount of the instances of world water
pollution. The most problematic of water pollutants are microbes that induce disease,
since their sources may be construed as natural, but a preponderance of these instances
result from human intervention in the environment or human
overpopulation phenomena.

Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies


(e.g. lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater). This form ofenvironmental
degradation occurs when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water
bodies without adequatetreatment to remove harmful compounds.
Water pollution affects the entire biosphere plants and organisms living in
these bodies of water. In almost all cases the effect is damaging not only to
individual species and population, but also to the natural biological communities.

Air Pollution

Air pollution is a mixture of solid particles and gases in

the air. Car emissions, chemicals from factories, dust,


pollen and mold spores may be suspended as particles.
Ozone, a gas, is a major part of air pollutionin cities.
When ozone forms air pollution, it's also called smog.

Air pollution is the introduction of particulates, biological molecules, or other


harmful materials into the Earth's atmosphere, possibly causing disease, death to
humans, damage to other living organisms such as food crops, or the natural or built
environment.
The atmosphere is a complex natural gaseous system that is essential to support life on
planet Earth. Stratospheric ozone depletiondue to air pollution has been recognized as
a threat to human health as well as to the Earth's ecosystems.
Indoor air pollution and urban air quality are listed as two of the world's worst toxic
pollution problems in the 2008 Blacksmith Institute World's Worst Polluted Places
report.[1] According to the 2014 WHO report, air pollution in 2012 caused the deaths of
around 7 million people worldwide. [2]