643 views

Uploaded by JasmeetSingh

physics problems

- 19 Laws of Magnetic Development
- 07_NLM-Exercise.pdf
- 3-D Loaded Pin with Friction
- Engineering Mechanics
- Tutorial the Laws of Motion0
- CG Science 8 Q1
- Contact Mechanic
- Steel Section Capacities BS 5950 Spreadsheet
- EXPERIMENT-Static n Dynamic
- Sol Midterm f 07
- Shoe Cover
- Injury Prevention Oilfield
- Friction
- Syringe Thermodynamics
- Reinventing the Wheel_Reducing Friction in HighAngled Wells
- 5086_0801 M2 January 2008 (6 Files Merged)
- Coeiicient of Friction
- Question Chapter 2_002
- physics final
- Ch04 05 Force Problem Bank

You are on page 1of 7

surface, requires a 75-N horizontal force to set it in motion. However, after the crate is in motion, a

horizontal force of 60 N is required to keep it moving with a constant speed. Find the coefficients of static

and kinetic friction between crate and floor.

Solution: When the block is on the verge of moving, the static friction force has a

magnitude fs = ( fs ) max = s n .

Since equilibrium still exists and the applied force is 75 N, we have

Fx = 75 N fs = 0 or ( fs )max = 75 N .

In this case, the normal force is just the weight of the crate, or n = mg . Thus,

the coefficient of static friction is

s =

( fs )max ( fs )max

n

mg

75 N

= 0.38 .

( 20 kg ) 9.80 m s 2

Since the crate moves with constant velocity when the applied force is 60 N,

we find that Fx = 60 N fk = 0 or fk = 60 N . Therefore, the coefficient of

kinetic friction is

k =

fk

f

60 N

= k =

= 0.31 .

n mg ( 20 kg ) ( 9.80 m s 2 )

Problem 2: A 1000-N crate is being pushed across a level floor at a constant speed by a force F of 300 N

at an angle of 20.0 below the horizontal as shown in the figure a. (a) What is the coefficient of kinetic

friction between the crate and the floor? (b) If the 300-N force is instead pulling the block at an angle of

20.0 above the horizontal as shown in figure b, what will be the acceleration of the crate? Assume that the

coefficient of friction is the same as found in (a).

Applying Newtons second law:

and Fy = n F sin 20.0 w = 0 , or

The coefficient of friction is then k =

fk

282 N

=

= 0.256 .

n 1.10 103 N

so n = w F sin 20.0 = 897 N .

The friction force now becomes fk = k n = ( 0.256)( 897 N ) = 230 N .

w

Therefore, Fx = F cos 20.0 fk = max = ax and the acceleration is

g

a=

w

0.509 m s 2

1000 N

m s2

)=

Problem 3: The coefficient of static friction between the 3.00-kg crate and the 35.0 incline of the figure

below is 0.300. What mini-mum force F must be applied to the crate perpendicular to the incline to prevent

the crate from sliding down the incline?

n = F + mg cos . The net force tending to move the

fs

incline. If the crate is in equilibrium, then

mg sin fs = 0 , so that fs = mg sin .

= 35.0

mg

Therefore, we may write mg sin s ( F + mg cos ) , or

sin

sin 35.0

cos mg =

cos 35.0 ( 3.00 kg ) 9.80 m s 2 =

0.300

32.1 N

Problem 4: A hockey puck is hit on a frozen lake and starts moving with a speed of 12.0 m/s. Five

seconds later, its speed is 6.00 m/s. (a) What is its average acceleration? (b) What is the average value of the

coefficient of kinetic friction between puck and ice? (c) How far does the puck travel during this 5.00-s

interval?

Solution: (a)

ax =

v f vi 6.00 m s 12.0 m s

=

= 1.20 m s 2

5.00 s

t

The normal force exerted on the puck by the ice is n = mg , so the

coefficient of friction is

2

fk m ( 1.20 m s )

k = =

= 0.122 .

n

m ( 9.80 m s 2 )

(c)

v f + vi 12.0 m s + 6.00 m s

x = vt =

t =

( 5.00 s ) = 45.0 m .

2

2

Problem 5: The coefficient of static friction is 0.800 between the soles of a sprinters running shoes and

the level track surface on which she is running. Determine the maximum acceleration she can achieve. Do

you need to know that her mass is 60.0 kg?

Solution: From Newtons third law, the forward force

of the ground on the sprinter equals the

magnitude of the friction force the sprinter

exerts on the ground. If the sprinters shoe is not

to slip on the ground, this is a static friction

force and its maximum magnitude is

( fs )max =s mg .

fs

sprinter, ( fs )max = s mg = mamax where amax is the

w = mg

achieve. From this, the acceleration is seen to be

amax =s g . Note that the mass has canceled out.

If s = 0.800 ,

Problem 6: A car is traveling at 50.0 km/h on a flat highway. (a) If the coefficient of friction between

road and tires on a rainy day is 0.100, what is the minimum distance in which the car will stop? (b) What is

the stopping distance when the surface is dry and the coefficient of friction is 0.600?

Solution: (a) The force of friction is found as f = k n = k ( mg ) .

Choose the positive direction of the x-axis in the direction of motion and

f

= k g .

apply the second law. We have f = max , or ax =

0 = (13.9 m s ) + 2 ( k g ) ( x ) , or

2

2

13.9 m s )

(

x =

.

2 k g

(b) With k = 0.600 , Equation (1) above gives x = 16.4 m .

(1)

Problem 7: A 2.00-kg block is held in equilibrium on an incline of angle 60.0 by a horizontal force F

applied in the direction shown in the figure. If the coefficient of static friction between block and incline is s

= 0.300, determine (a) the minimum value of F and (b) the normal force of the incline on the block.

block tends to slide down the incline so the

friction force, fs is directed up the incline.

+x

fs

+y

60.0

n

m

Fx = F cos 60.0 + fs (19.6 N ) sin 60.0 = 0

F

60.0

(1)

mg = 19.6 N

and

(2)

(3)

(4)

(b) Finally, Equation (4) gives the normal force

n = 25.8 N .

Problem 8: (a) What is the minimum force of friction required to hold the system of the figure below in

equilibrium? (b) What coefficient of static friction between the 100-N block and the table ensures

equilibrium? (c) If the coefficient of kinetic friction between the 100-N block and the table is 0.250, what

hanging weight should replace the 50.0-N weight to allow the system to move at a constant speed once it is

set in motion?

Solution: (a) For the suspended block, Fy = T 50.0 N = 0 , so the tension in the

rope is T = 50.0 N . Then, considering the horizontal forces on the 100-N

block, we find Fx = T fs = 0 , or fs = T = 50.0 N .

(b) If the system is on the verge of slipping, fs = ( fs ) max = s n . Therefore,

the required coefficient of friction is s =

fs 50.0 N

=

= 0.500 .

n 100 N

(c) If k = 0.250 , then the friction force acting on the 100-N block is

fk = k n = ( 0.250)(100 N ) = 25.0 N .

Since the system is to move with constant velocity, the net horizontal

force on the 100-N block must be zero, or Fx = T fk = T 25.0 N = 0 .

The required tension in the rope is T = 25.0 N . Now, considering the

forces acting on the suspended block when it moves with constant

velocity, Fy = T w = 0 , giving the required weight of this block as

w = T = 25.0 N .

Problem 9: An 80-kg stuntman jumps from the top of a building 30 m above a catching net.

Assuming that air resistance exerts a 100-N force on the stuntman as he falls, determine his velocity

just before he hits the net.

Solution: Taking the downward direction as positive, applying the second law to the falling person

yields Fy = mg f = may , or

ay = g

100 N

f

= 9.80 m s 2

= 8.6 m s 2 .

m

80 kg

( )

Then, vy2 = viy2 + 2 ay y gives the velocity just before hitting the net as

vy = viy2 + 2 ay ( y ) = 0 + 2 ( 8.6 m s 2 ) ( 30 m ) = 23 m s .

Problem 10: The three blocks of masses 10.0 kg, 5.00 kg, and 3.00 kg are connected by light strings that

pass over frictionless pulleys as shown in the figure. The acceleration of the 5.00-kg block is 2.00 m/s2 to the

left, and the surfaces are rough. Find (a) the tension in each string and (b) the coefficient of kinetic friction

between blocks and surfaces. (Assume the same k for both blocks in contact with surfaces.)

Solution: The magnitude of the acceleration is a = 2.00 m s 2 for all three blocks and

applying Newtons second law to the 10.0-kg block gives

(10.0 kg ) ( 9.80

With T1 = 78.0 N , this simplifies to:

T2 = 68.0 N- ( 49.0 N ) k

(1)

For the 3.00-kg block, the second law gives T2 k n mg sin 25.0 = ma .

With m = 3.00 kg, a = 2.00 m s 2 , g = 9.80 m s 2 , and n = mg cos 25.0 , this

reduces to:

T2 ( 26.6 N ) k = 18.4 N

(2)

Solving Equations (1) and (2) simultaneously, and using the value of T1 from

above, we find that

(a)

(b)

k = 0.656

- 19 Laws of Magnetic DevelopmentUploaded byJimmy & Melodie Williams
- 07_NLM-Exercise.pdfUploaded byDeepak Lakhara
- 3-D Loaded Pin with FrictionUploaded byDan Wolf
- Engineering MechanicsUploaded bySiva Chidambaram
- Tutorial the Laws of Motion0Uploaded byLucia Lee
- CG Science 8 Q1Uploaded byLeah Pauig Repe
- Contact MechanicUploaded byVikram Singh
- Steel Section Capacities BS 5950 SpreadsheetUploaded byAfendi Ariff
- EXPERIMENT-Static n DynamicUploaded byNeayzahn AcesSka
- Shoe CoverUploaded byNuur Syuhada Dzulkafly
- Injury Prevention OilfieldUploaded byWisnuPratamaPutra
- FrictionUploaded bythinkiit
- Sol Midterm f 07Uploaded byBen Casto
- Syringe ThermodynamicsUploaded byZack Malik
- Reinventing the Wheel_Reducing Friction in HighAngled WellsUploaded byJohnSmith
- 5086_0801 M2 January 2008 (6 Files Merged)Uploaded byPOk TAng
- Coeiicient of FrictionUploaded byKamlesh Dalavadi
- Question Chapter 2_002Uploaded bySmk Dato Shahbandar Hussain
- physics finalUploaded byapi-375738241
- Ch04 05 Force Problem BankUploaded bynicky1213a
- Unequal-Arm Lever and Free Fall WithoutUploaded byVesna Popovic
- balanced unbalanced forces 1Uploaded byapi-325864985
- Sample exam 2 phys 1Uploaded byJoshua DiCamillo
- Engg Mechanics Coplanar Non Concurrent Force SystemUploaded byGeeteshGupta
- Unit_4_Forces_study_sheet.pdfUploaded byPhairouse Abdul Salam
- Chapter 7: Dynamics (f2)Uploaded byummubalqis27
- UntitledUploaded byapi-243565143
- Impulsive ForceUploaded byZulhisyam Nordin
- 5054_s05_qp_1Uploaded bymstudy123456
- 10.1007@978-3-319-11310-410Uploaded byirho

- 1 Tutorial on Ch 3-5 SolutionUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- GGR365 Exam Questions 2Uploaded byJasmeetSingh
- GGR365 lectureUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- GGR365 notesUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Synthesis of Aspirin Lab ReportUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Chapter 6 answersUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Lab 2 BIO338Uploaded byJasmeetSingh
- GGR365 Lecture 3Uploaded byJasmeetSingh
- chemistry examUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- GGR217-2014 Lab 3Uploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Indentification of an Unknown Acid by PH TitrationUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Physics LabUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Determination of the Solubility Product Constant for Calcium HydroxideUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Lab Report PendulumUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Chemistry LabUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Additional Good Practice ProblemsUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- lab report ionizationUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Lab Heat of NeutralizationUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Experiment 1Uploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Inorganic NotesUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Tutorial M+1Uploaded byJasmeetSingh
- GGR317H5S_2014_SyllabusUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- 2 M Aqueous AmmoniaUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Experiment 2Uploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Banana trades disputeUploaded byJasmeetSingh
- InfiltrateUploaded byRavi Singh
- Supplement 1Uploaded byJasmeetSingh
- Tutorial Mass SpectrometryUploaded byJasmeetSingh

- The Beautiful Necessity-Claude BragdonUploaded byvania82
- AAA4 - NanothermodynamicsUploaded byvosongtv
- Bpmn ModelUploaded byOleg Andreev
- Statistics ManualUploaded byMatevz Pusnik
- Magnetic PortalsUploaded bycanon123
- Con TrainUploaded byExxu
- images (2)Uploaded bybodai
- Dark Energy SummaryUploaded byAn Ran Chen
- NUCLEAR-POWER-PLANTUploaded byAntay Korakot
- Matlab SimulationUploaded byDonatus Ogalue
- Siemens Power Engineering Guide 7E 224Uploaded bymydearteacher
- Consider a Spherical Cow NotesUploaded byjhampia
- VRV HVACUploaded byHeri Tri Setiawan
- 1988-Chemistry and Biology of Solid Waste_ Dredged Material and Mine TailingsUploaded byGenesis Llanos
- unit-5-heat-energy.pdfUploaded byKazaf Tsang
- 2151903 Fluid Power Engineering E-Note 05112015 042241AMUploaded byDaniel Bouabsi
- nullUploaded byapi-25958671
- What Are Methods of Conservation for Animals and PlantsUploaded bysmvuksie
- sound.pdfUploaded byegy1971
- Eight Obstacles Stand in the Way of Renewable Energy _ Engerati - GenerationUploaded byNRLDC
- Deriving Schrödinger’s Wave EquationUploaded bymfiarkeea
- upupupUploaded byJeffrey Q. Geronimo
- CE423B RRLUploaded byZanne Rose
- Trifilar SuspensionUploaded byIsfand Ayaz
- Environmental Law MootUploaded bydffdf
- Cooling CalculationUploaded bySomayajula Suryaram
- Cooling of plastic on metallic mandrelUploaded byjournal
- ForlornUploaded byhoward3794
- Note Atomic and Structure BondingUploaded byAnisalya Jamri
- Chemical Bonding Notes BeWIse ClassesUploaded byADWAITH LALU