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NetAct 8

License and Software Management

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Content

Content
1 NetAct 8 Software Licensing 5
1.1 NetAct Licensing 6
1.2 License keys 9
1.3 License usage types 10
1.4 NetAct Sales Features 12
1.5 NetAct release upgrade protection 17
1.6 NetAct hard lock 19
1.7 NetAct alarms 22
1.8 Licenses for OEM Software 25
2 Software Asset Protection 27
2.1 Managing License Keys vs. Software Asset Monitoring 28
2.2 Software Asset Monitoring 31
3 Managing License Keys 35
3.1 License Management Overview 36
3.2 License Manager 38
3.3 Licensing Concepts: NE Licensing 42
3.4 Licensing Concepts: Pool License 44
3.5 Licensing Concepts: License Sets 46
3.6 License States 50
3.7 License Management Tasks 52
3.8 License Notifications 81
3.9 Viewing Recent Operations 83
4 Software Asset Monitoring 85
4.1 Software Asset Monitoring Application 86
4.2 Monitoring Modules 88
4.3 Monitoring Modules Types 90
4.4 Software Asset Monitoring Notifications 91
4.5 Software Asset Monitoring Reports 93
5 Software Management and Remote NE Backup 97
5.1 Software Management in NetAct 98
5.2 Software Manager 100
5.3 Software Manager Operations 103
6 Network Element Backup Support 123
6.1 Network Elements Remote Backup from NetAct 124
6.2 Network Elements Backup Archive 126

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 3 (138)


Content

7 Exercises 129
Exercise 1 131
Exercise 2 133
Exercise 3 135
Exercise 4 137

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 4 (138)


NetAct 8 Software Licensing

1 NetAct 8 Software Licensing

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 5 (138)


NetAct 8 Software Licensing

1.1 NetAct Licensing


The NetAct system as such is delivered with all the functionality/features, called NetAct Sales
Features, which are implemented in particular release of the NetAct. On the other hand, not
all functionality/ features are available for use. These functionality/features need to be
unlocked using license key files which need to be ordered from the NSN. A license-based
application, service, solution, feature, or functionality can only be used with a valid software
license.
This behavior is related to NetAct SW asset protection concept which assumes that all
NetAct Sales Features are protected with License Keys and without the order of proper
license, NetAct SW is not delivered and installed.
NetAct SW asset protection concept introduces license protection for:
 NetAct Features
 Network Elements integration
 NetAct Capacity
 NetAct SW Release upgrade
 Term licensing model.

As a part of the NetAct SW asset protection concept, NetAct SW Release Upgrade, NetAct
Hard Lock and NetAct Alarms functionalities are implemented to ensure proper NetAct
system operation, as well as to provide easy and lucid way of NetAct licenses handling.
License Manager is the application that is used for managing software licenses in the NetAct.
For more information about license management, see Managing License Keys chapter.
Software Asset Monitoring is the application that enables monitoring of the NetAct Standard
SW capacity features for NetAct Radio. For more information about software asset
monitoring principles, see Software Asset Monitoring chapter.

Note:
All the licenses are bound to each NetAct cluster, which means that they cannot be moved
between different NetAct clusters.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 6 (138)


NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
Overview

• For Network Elements integrations, NetAct Capacity,


Mandatory license key SW Release Upgrade and Time Based Licensing.
protection • Feature level license protection continues to be based
on ON / OFF license Key

NetAct Capacity Licenses must • Network expansion projects have to remember to


order additional capacity for NetAct Standard SW
match the actual capacity of the licenses too
Managed Network

• No automated NetAct license key migration from


Current OSS5 License Keys OSS5 to NetAct 8 in upgrade.
(lic) need to be replaced with • NetAct 8 licenses have to be ordered in every case.
NetAct 8 License Keys (LK)

License Keys (LK) are tied to a • License Keys have to be ordered per each cluster.
particular NetAct Cluster with • License
clusters
keys CAN NOT be moved between NetAct
Target ID

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
Strict License Key protection NetAct 8 brings
significantly stronger
Area protected How license key protection.

SW Release upgrade NetAct 8 SW license key – this license is mandatorily required for SW
release.
Network Elements NetAct Standard SW license keys – these licenses are mandatorily
integration required for Network Elements integration.
NetAct Capacity Capacity of NetAct Standard SW license key. If managed network
capacity vs. ordered capacity is crossed then NetAct hard lock
mechanism is activated.

NetAct Features: Majority of sales features are protected by ON/OFF license keys –
Standard SW – Optional, ordered features are set to ON, rest of features will be OFF.
High Value SW

Time based licensing: License keys with end date, after which if renewal order not in place
Must for High Value SW, functionality is off or capacity deducted.
proposed for Standard
Optional SW.

OEM SW licensing The OEM SW with NetAct Cluster fee by NetAct Standard SW LKs.
Few vendors’ technical licenses (VMWare, Citrix, Microsoft).
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

1.2 License keys


NetAct is licensed with using different types of licenses. In general licenses can be divided
into:
 Term licenses
 Functional and capacity licenses

1.2.1 Term licenses


Term licensing concept requires setting validity period for each term license. Validity time of
term licenses includes Right To Use (RTU) period and additional time called grace period.
Right To Use period have pre-defined time duration, one month or based on a year level, for
example two years, when the customer uses the licensed features or functionalities. One
month license key is a short term license used for feature level marketing and trialing, while
year based license keys are needed for normal use of features and functionalities. After RTU
period ends, license renewal is necessary for further use of licensed functionalities. Beside
RTU, license key validity time includes 30 day additional time (grace period), when the
customer places an order for a new license key. Grace period as well ensures sufficient
delivery time for NSN, without consuming RTU time. After license validity period ends,
license key expires and all licensed functionalities are turned off, unless new valid license is
installed.
Before Right To Use period and license key validity time ends, the customer is notified with
different alarms, to be aware of ending license key lifetime. For more information about
validity notifications, see NetAct hard lock for term licenses in further section in this
document.
Among term licenses following license keys can be distinguished:
 Time-limited license key
 Non-time-limited license key (Perpetual)
 Temporary license key
Term licenses are divided into licenses that have actual expiration date, after which all
licensed features are disabled (time-limited license key), and the one that has no actual
expiration date, and do not expire (non-time-limited/perpetual license key). Perpetual license
keys are term license keys with endless validity period.
Temporary licenses are licenses with 90-day validity period, which are used until the NetAct
system obtains an acceptance. Temporary license must be replaced with valid license
containing term license period. It is necessary to renewed temporary license to proper term
license, to use licensed features continuously.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 9 (138)


NetAct 8 Software Licensing

1.2.2 Functional and capacity licenses


 On/Off licenses
 Capacity licenses
On/Off licenses enable functionality and permit the use of licensed software functionality for
one or more features or applications.
Capacity licenses enable functionality with volume/capacity limitation based on indicators
agreed in the contract.

1.3 License usage types


Sales order based:
 Commercial license key
 Trial license key
 Test-bed license key

Non-sales order base:


 Emergency license key

Commercial license key is a normally salable item that unlocks desired functionality.
Trial license key is used to present new functionality for marketing purposes. Trial license key
is a temporary license with 90-day validity time and with 1000 capacity.
Test-bed license key unlocks NetAct functionalities for a test purposes of new kind of
features in the customer test environment. Test-bed license key is a temporary license with 1
year validity time and with 50 capacity.
Emergency license key is non-commercial target-locked license key with 10-day validity time,
that permits the use of the licensed application during an estimated trouble period. An
emergency license key can be created only by the Technical Support team and can be used
to bypass the effect of licensing in case of troubleshooting.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 10 (138)


NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
License Key types

Functional and Capacity Time

On/Off licenses Perpetual licenses:


• Enable functionality / content. • Endless.
• Used to protect majority High Value • Option for Standard SW, Standard
SW, Standard SW – Optional SW – Optional features.
features. Time limited licenses (Term
Capacity licenses Licenses):
• Enable functionality with volume / • Contain expiry date. Without license
capacity limitation. renewal order feature/capacity is off.
• Protect Standard SW features, and • Protect term licensing business. Trial,
very few High Value SW. Testbed, Emergency are also time
limited.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

1.4 NetAct Sales Features


NetAct Sales Features are delivered with NetAct and are protected by License Keys. In other
words, to validate desired feature/functionality, proper License Key which unblocks
respective NetAct Sales Feature, has to be ordered and installed.
NetAct is sold with the following NetAct Sales Features protected with respective license
keys:
• High-Value SW protected with On/Off License Keys
• Standard SW - Optional protected with On/Off License Keys
• Standard SW protected with Capacity License Keys
• HW/OEM SW with Perpetual License Keys

1.4.1 High-Value SW and Standard SW - Optional Sales


Features
NetAct High-Value SW and NetAct Standard SW - Optional Sales Features introduce NetAct
applications/ optional features. NetAct High-Value SW and NetAct Standard SW - Optional
features are protected by On/Off License Keys which unlock features for applications as well
as technology support for optional applications.

1.4.2 Standard SW Sales Features


NetAct Standard SW Sales Features offer Network Element management for particular
network technology with functionality of fault management, performance management and
configuration management.
NetAct Standard SW features are associated with Capacity License Keys which enable
capacity protection and Network Elements integration. NetAct Standard SW Sales Features
are supported for NetAct Radio, NetAct Core and NetAct MBH domains.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 12 (138)


NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
Sales Features
LK Product / Solution
• Optional large high value sales entities

Term licensing
High-Value SW LK • Enable differentiation against competition
Release upgrade

• Pricing: Value based pricing with value argumentation

• Covers product base functionality as needed by all


LK customers
Standard SW - Optional • Enables a working product with sufficient functionality
for system deals
Standard SW LK • May include optional sales entities having significantly
larger content compared to existing features
• Pricing: Capacity based

HW / OEM SW • Pricing: OEM: Cost Plus, NSN HW: no change

• High-Value SW, Standard SW – Optional and Standard SW are protected by License


Keys.
• NetAct Radio Standard SW Sales Features are protected with Capacity License Keys.
• Release upgrade is protected with additional License Key.
• Term licensing introduced next to the perpetual licensing. High Value SW sold with Term
Licensing only!
• A customer order is always needed to generate and deliver License Keys.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing NetAct 8 introduces term


Term licensing licensing business model
which coexist with
Term License for N years perpetual license model.

• License for N (1-5) year time period


• Additionally short time license for 1
month
• Allows for flexible deal durations on year
level
• Paid fully at the start of agreed &
committed period
• Covers Right-to-use
• OPEX/CAPEX based model according to
operator accounting

• NetAct 8 High Value SW Features are sold in Term licensing model only. Standard SW and
Standard SW – Optional SW Sales Features can be sold in Perpetual and Term licensing
models.
• Perpetual and Term License model has same content for sales features: right-to-use. Term
Licensing adds time dimension.
• Term License apply to NSN SW only.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

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Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 14 (138)
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
Time based licensing in practice
Start Commercial Term License Key Expiry LK No renewal
date Period 1 notifi- end Period 2
Expiration cation
notifications
Temp. LK date Renewal

Purchase
Acceptance RTU 30 days grace
Order
Go-live Term License Right To Use end period for
Period 1 date license renewal

• NetAct SW Term License Keys (LK) have time limitation (start date, end date).
Prior to the start date and after the end date licensed feature is off.
• Temporary License Keys are used until system acceptance. Term license period
starts after that.
• Term License Keys’ Right To Use period is enhanced with 30 days validity time
for smoothly re-loading LK in the system.
• Before License Keys expire new ones have to be ordered and delivered for the
next period.
• Notifications before remind about need of ordering new licenses.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 6

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Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 15 (138)
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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
Time based licensing in practice
Right To Use ends Feature turn off

Backward counting 60 days 37 day 30 day 7 day 0 day

Right To Use expiration 30 days 7 days 0 day


License Key expiration 7 days 0 day
Configurable options First notification 90-30 days before Right To Use expires.
Alarm level Minor Major Critical Critical Critical
Message Right to use Right to use license Right to use license No license keys to No valid license
license for feature for feature X will for feature X has use feature X in 7 key for feature X.
X will end up in 30 end up in 7 days. ended up. License days. System prevented
days. key will turn it off in the usage of
30 days. feature X.
Notification with Alarm in NetAct Monitor*)
Mail to defined persons (in License Manager app)
License Manager user interface (when opening the app)

*) License Key delivery for next period clears all the existing alarms and avoids next level alarms/notifications to be sent.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 7
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Version
. . 1. . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
. (138)
.
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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

1.5 NetAct release upgrade protection


NetAct Release upgrade protection is a concept of secure the NetAct system with one major
license key, SW Release Upgrade license. The major license is necessary to be installed to
enable any other NetAct software license keys. It means that without this main license, other
licenses are not valid and the NetAct system is not usable.
NetAct 8 Level SW licensed feature is required for a NetAct 8 SW release and its Enhanced
Packages to work properly, and system is not operable until the SW Release Upgrade
license key is ordered and installed.
The SW Release Upgrade license key with the NetAct 8 Level SW licensed feature, has to
be ordered either as a part of release upgrade or as a new NetAct system order.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 17 (138)


NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
SW Release upgrade license Each NetAct major release is
protected with one licensed feature
called NetAct x SW Release

NetAct 8 NetAct 8 NetAct 9 NetAct 9


OSS5.x
EP1, EP1,
EP2… EP2…
NetAct 8 SW L NetAct 9 SW L
NetAct 7 Release
L
K release
K Release
L
K release
K

order order

@Com

New
systems
NetAct 8 NetAct 9
No license key All existing
will be delivered, license keys
hence system don’t work.
Installation not usable. Upgrade System not
w/o the w/o the
order
NetAct 8 SW order
usable until
release LK NetAct upgrade
precondition for bought and
any other. NetAct 9 SW
release LK
delivered.

NetAct 8 SW release License Key NetAct 9 SW release License Key

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 8
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Version
. . 1. . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
. (138)
.
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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

1.6 NetAct hard lock


NetAct hard lock is associated with validity of the license file and affects licensed features
availability. Hard lock is triggered for License Keys which are expired or if License Key
capacity is exceeded and results in turning features off in case of no Right To Use.

1.6.1 NetAct hard lock for capacity licenses


Hard lock for capacity licenses applies to NetAct Standard SW license keys. For capacity
licenses hard lock is activated in case licensed feature capacity is crossed. As a result new
network element integration is blocked, as well as configuration management functionality.
If the Software Asset Monitoring application detects that NetAct license capacity is exceeded,
critical alarm is raised and hard lock mechanism starts after one day grace period. Grace
period lasts 24 hours and allows the customer to order a new license key. Otherwise hard
lock is triggered and as a consequence new network elements integration is not possible and
configuration management functionalities, like upload and provisioning, does not work. To
avoid hard lock activation, in case of approaching capacity limits customer is notified with two
other alarms, minor and major, with configurable threshold limits. It allows an operator to
order a new license key before hard lock activation and with no harm to NetAct operability.
The hard lock for capacity licenses is released and related alarm is cleared after installation
of new valid license with additional capacity.

1.6.2 NetAct hard lock for term licenses


Hard lock for term licenses concerns NetAct SW license keys and application software
license keys which are On/Off or capacity licenses. For term licenses hard lock is triggered in
case of license key end date expires, which means if license validity period ends. Without a
valid license key the NetAct licensed functionality is blocked from usage or license capacity is
deducted.
In case license is timed out, critical alarm is raised and hard lock mechanism starts. The hard
lock for term licenses results in blockage of NetAct SW licensed features or application
software licensed features. Before the end of the license validity period, the customer is
notified with three different alarms - minor, major and critical. Minor and major alarms are
raised before Right To Use period ends. Critical alarm is raised if the Right To Use period
ends or License Key validity period ends. Such behavior allows an operator to purchase a
new license key or extend license validity and use the NetAct continuously.
The hard lock for term license is released and related alarm is cleared after installation of
new valid license key or 7 days after license key expiration.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 19 (138)


NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
Hard Lock mechanism

NetAct Hard Lock mechanism uses License Keys to cut off features if there
is no Right To Use it:
• for Time based licensing when License Key end date expires
• for NetAct Capacity when License Key capacity limit is exceeded

Hard Lock mechanism informs in advance via alarms and e-mails in case of:
• License Keys expiration time closes
• approaching NetAct Capacity limit

NetAct 8 behavior in case of hard lock mechanism is activated:


• NetAct features (ON/OFF license) won’t work as long as valid license is
missing
• Exceeding capacity e.g. for NetAct Radio Standard SW Sales Features
(number of Cells, TRXs, etc) results in blocking new Network Elements
integration and configuration management functionality (CM upload,
provisioning doesn’t work) as long as valid capacity license is missing

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 9
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Version
. . 1. . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
. (138)
.
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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
Network Elements integration

• Network Elements Integration to NetAct is protected by NetAct Standard SW


License Keys.
• There is one-to-one linkage of Standard SW Sales Feature with technical license.
• NetAct Standard SW Sales Feature structure defines which Network Elements
support are sold and opened for integration by delivered license key.

NetAct Radio Standard SW NetAct Core Standard SW NetAct MBH Standard SW


• GSM • PCS-5000 • Juniper
• GSM-R • Mobile Voice Switches • Cisco
• WCDMA • MGW • Symmetricom
• LTE • Flexi NS • NetViewer
•… • Flexi NG • MWR
• One-NDS • Tellabs
• NT HLR FE •…
• Support Elements
• ….

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 10

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Version
. . 1. . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
. (138)
.
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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

1.7 NetAct alarms


NetAct alarms functionality is designed to inform user about closing NetAct software license
keys validity end date, as well as exceeding NetAct software licenses capacity thresholds.
Alarms are related to NetAct hard lock protection functionality for NetAct software licenses.
The main idea of alarms functionality is to remind about need of ordering new licenses and to
provide seamlessly NetAct system work.
NetAct alarms are divided into two groups:
 alarms for capacity licenses
 alarms for term licenses

1.7.1 Alarms for capacity licenses


Responsibility of exceeding capacity alarms belongs to the Software Asset Monitoring
application. Software Asset Monitoring monitors and reports used capacity of software
licenses and in case of capacity thresholds are crossed, respective alarm is raised and
visible in the NetAct Monitor application.
For capacity licenses there are three alarm levels, minor, major and critical.
Minor and major alarms start if capacity usage crosses respective alarm thresholds.
Threshold limits for minor and major alarms are configurable and can be set in the Software
Asset Monitoring application (see Configuring global settings in the Software Asset
Monitoring Help document).
Critical alarm is raised in case NetAct license capacity is exceeded.
To clear existing alarms and further use of a system, order and installation of new license
with additional capacity is necessary.

1.7.2 Alarms for term licenses


For alarming about NetAct software licenses which are about to expire, the License Manager
is responsible. The License Manager handles validity dates of term licenses and in case of
validity time comes to the end, user is informed with several levels of alarms which are
shown in the NetAct Monitor application.
First level of alarms is a minor alarm. The minor alarm is raised 30 to 90 days before Right
To Use (RTU) period ends. Number of days is configurable and can be set in the License
Manager application (see Setting global notifications section in the License Manager Help
document).
Second alarm level is a major alarm, raised 7 days before RTU expiration.
The last level of alarms is a critical alarm level. There are two different critical alarms, raised
on the date of RTU expiration, and on the date of license key validity expiration.
On each alarm level new license can be ordered and installed what is necessary to clear all
existing alarms and further use of the NetAct system.
For more information about NetAct hard lock functionality, see NetAct hard lock in previous
section in this document.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 22 (138)


NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
NetAct capacity Standard SW

The Majority of For the Radio network, Running out of


NetAct Sales NetAct doesn’t allow to License Key
Features is sold manage bigger network capacity is notified
per managed size (cells/TRXs) than by alarms and e-
network size. the capacity of the mails.
relevant NetAct
Standard SW license
Key

• The volume is • In case limit is • Notifications


protected by exceeded, the sent for 80%
capacity limit in capacity hard and 90% of
NetAct lock is capacity
Standard SW activated :
license keys there would be
no valid
license key in
NetAct for that
Standard
Software

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 11

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Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 23 (138)
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NetAct 8 Software Licensing

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
NetAct capacity Standard SW
Order additional LK capacity
+500 cells
LK initial capacity (e.g. 1000 cells)
Hard lock
Deal SWAM usage
size reports

Purchase Installation Alarming RTU limit New RTU NetAct lifetime


order starts in LK limit in LK

Network
expansion
1000 cells project 1500 cells

• NetAct Standard SW capacity License Keys (LK) certifies Right To Use (RTU) limit.
• NetAct SW Asset Monitoring provides Standard SW feature usage report (in pricing unit
like Cells, TRXs).
• Notifications for approaching the LK capacity limit.
• NetAct refuses to add any new element above the capacity in LK.
• Order for additional NetAct capacity if managed Radio network has to be bigger.
• Hard lock impacts only NetAct. Network Elements are not impacted.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 12
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Version
. . 1. . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
. (138)
.
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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

1.8 Licenses for OEM Software

NetAct 8 SW Licensing
OEM SW licenses
The majority of the OEM SW components is licensed per NetAct system: 1 cluster
license per 1 NetAct.

OEM SW with NetAct Cluster pricing OEM SW not following the cluster pricing

Protection relays on NetAct’s Standard SW • VMWare, Citrix, Microsoft


features license keys:
• The OEM vendor specific technical
• a customer order per NetAct Cluster is
licenses in use.
always needed for generation and NSN
License Key delivery
• NetAct Target ID database is kept and
checked at the commissioning, upgrades,
and care processes.
• Purchase Order, License Key delivery
reports provides track record about NetAct
installed base.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 13

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. . 1.
Version . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (138)
25 .
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NetAct 8 Software Licensing

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 26 (138)


Software Asset Protection

2 Software Asset Protection

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 27 (138)


Software Asset Protection

2.1 Managing License Keys vs. Software Asset


Monitoring
The new License Management Model in NetAct 8 is splitted in two areas: the traditional
management of license keys with the License Management Application and the Monitoring of
the usage of features for invoicing accordingly as an alternative for the payment of a fixed
license.
NetAct License Manager provides centralized solution for managing network element
licenses. However in NetAct 8 the functionality of License Manager has been extended as
well to manage NetAct applications licenses. All license key management operations can be
performed using License Manager
Software Asset Monitoring application collects and processes the configuration and
measurement data based on customer specific settings. It generates a report on the feature
usage and forwards the formatted monitoring data to the customer and NSN Customer Team
via an encrypted e-mail. The encrypted e-mail can be read and validated by Customer and
NSN Customer Team only. The report on the feature usage is used to generate an invoice.
One software monitoring report comprises information related to one NetAct cluster.
Software Asset Monitoring enables speed and efficiency with fast software activations
through bypassing the pre-activation procurement process, and applying alternative pricing
models where invoicing is based on network configuration or on used functionality. This
results in OPEX savings and in an increased flexibility.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 28 (138)


Software Asset Protection

NetAct 8 SW Asset Protection


License Management Concept

Management of License Keys: SW Monitoring: NetAct SW


NetAct License Manager Asset Monitoring
• Central tool for managing: • Monitoring based Network
• Network Elements License Elements features usage
Keys (LKs) reports
• NetAct’s License Keys. • Alternative pricing models
• Moderately renewed License enabled. Less effort on NE
Manager application with LK management
better usability compared with • Mandatory for LTE
OSS5 License Manager. • NetAct integrated tool
• Automatic license distribution,
auditing features against
templates and network level
view of licensed features.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 14

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. . .
Version 1
. . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29 (138)
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Software Asset Protection

NetAct 8 SW Asset Protection


When to Choose Software Asset Monitoring

License Keys Software Asset Monitoring


+ Customers familiar with approach and (SWAM)
processes + Minimized license key related
- license key logistics can delay feature network bottlenecks
activation and capacity increases
- effort for license key handling: training,
+ Operator has automatic visibility
planning, taking delivery, distribution to on capacity and feature rollout in
network elements the network
- effort of license key handling in case of + no hardware replacement impact
hardware replacement or modernization
+ fast capacity increase where
- lack of flexibility to react fast to needed
changes in the network
needed
- Some licenses can be activated beyond the + SWAM client is free
agreed limits, e.g. RNC on/off licenses - Currently only available for LTE,
WCDMA, GSM, Flexi-NG

still available on GSM and WCDMA radio Mandatory for LTE


not an option for LTE Recommended for GSM, 3G, Flexi NG

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 15

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. . 1.
Version . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (138)
30 .
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Software Asset Protection

2.2 Software Asset Monitoring


Monitoring data are configuration management (CM) parameters and performance
management (PM) counters. Software Asset Monitoring application stores the data for further
handling such as pre-processing to make raw monitoring data more accurate and usable, for
example, data size is reduced and data are presented in more convenient way to the user.
Local storing of data is needed before and after data processing. A report is periodically
generated based on monitoring data and sent to NSN side where later on it is used for
invoicing purposes.
The Monitoring modules are product specific elements, which allow an incorporation of
specific reporting methods. Monitoring modules are divided into two groups, PM and CM,
particular for each network technology.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 31 (138)


Software Asset Protection

NetAct 8 SW Asset Protection


Monitoring as the alternative for license key management

NetAct 8 NSN
CM, PM
SWAM Client
database

Operator

• Software Asset monitoring via


SWAM client as an alternative
for license key management.
• Supported use models:
• Pay as you grow
• Pay as you configure
• Pay as you use

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 16

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Version
. . 1. . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
. (138)
.
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Software Asset Protection

2.2.1 Software Asset Monitoring functionalities


Aggregation, non-aggregation approach
Software monitoring considers aggregation and non-aggregation approach. Aggregation
means that the network element functionality can be used for any network element in NetAct
cluster. Non-aggregation means that the functionality is assigned to a specific network
element just as the conventional license management works. Aggregation and non-
aggregation functionality is available for both, PM based and CM based software monitoring,
and has an impact on feature delta usage figures accordingly.

Note:
By default, non-aggregation approach should be selected, as in standard pricing models,
licenses are tied to the network elements.
The following aggregation, non-aggregation options are available for dedicated radio network
technology:
 Aggregation off (GSM PM, FlexiNG, FlexiNS, WCDMA, LTE, RACS)
 Aggregation on NetAct Cluster level (GSM, FlexiNG, FlexiNS, WCDMA, LTE, RACS)
 Aggregation on RNC level (WCDMA)
 Aggregation on BSC level (GSM)
 Aggregation on Site level (WCDMA PM, LTE PM)
Further in this section there are examples explaining aggregation and non-aggregation
options. Pricingmodel examples for aggregation off, aggregation on NetAct Cluster level,
aggregation on RNC leveland aggregation on Site level are Cell based.

Usage of Nth highest value


This functionality allows you to choose which value in the monitoring data should be
considered as the peak value used for invoicing purposes.
When creating a periodic detailed report, for each element a max function is used for getting
maximum value for a day. In case of periodic aggregated report, Nth highest value is taken
into consideration to get a maximum value for an invoicing period. By default, Nth highest
value is set to 1, which means, that the maximum value is considered as the highest value.
When set to other value, for example 3, SWAM will skip first two values and will take the third
one as the peak value for the invoicing period for particular feature (in CM module) or counter
(in PM module). This peak value is then used to form the delta value, and the delta value is
taken into consideration when an invoice is created.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 33 (138)


Software Asset Protection

NetAct 8 SW Asset Protection


Monitoring as the alternative for license key management
NetAct 8 NSN
CM, PM
data SWAM Client

Operator

Supported elements:
• LTE
• RACS
2G / 3G / LTE Radio Packet Core • WCDMA
• Flexi Direct BTS
• GSM
• Flexi NS MME
• Flexi NG

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 17

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Version
. . 1. . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
. (138)
.
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Managing License Keys

3 Managing License Keys

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 35 (138)


Managing License Keys

3.1 License Management Overview


Licenses are used to enable new features or functionality. For example, you may need new
licenses when you want to upgrade software or hardware, activate new services, add
capacity or optimize or expand the network. Licenses are ordered from Nokia Siemens
Networks as any other functionality. You must then distribute the license to the network
elements in order to make the feature or functionality available in the network.

License
A license is an agreement from the owner of a product that gives permission to use or
produce the product according to the agreed conditions. The information that enables the use
of licensed software is called a license key. Nokia Siemens Networks implements license
keys as Nokia Siemens Networks-specific license files. Each license file gives the
permission to use one or several features or functionalities in the specified network elements.
A license file contains the information to which network element the license is targeted. This
is done by using each network element's unique identifier which is called a target identifier.
There are two types of licenses: on/off and capacity licenses. NE licenses are installed to
network elements either using the License Manager application or element managers.

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Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Overview
(1) Licenses are generated
and sent via NOLS or e-mail

(2) License files are Imported to NetAct via License


Manager Application  Import from the user’s
terminal or workstation E.g. D1681105.XML

The users can get NetAct Regional Cluster


reports on the license
status of the NEs
LIC_%

Licenses Directory

The License status


can be synchronized (3) Licenses are distributed
between the Network to Network Elements
Element and NetAct
HLR

MSC
SGSN
WCDMA

GSM
I-HSPA

LTE

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

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Managing License Keys

3.2 License Manager


License Manager is a centralized tool for managing hardware and software licenses in the
NetAct system. License Manager provides support for performing basic management
operations on licenses such as import, distribution, synchronization, feature state change,
and deletion. License Manager contains an easy-to-use graphical user interface to perform
managing operations, and also a command line interface. The tool provides customized
reports which, using license states, give detailed information about the license situation
License Manager enables managing of licenses for features in all Nokia Siemens Networks’
network elements using MML or NWI3 mediations. Following operations are available for
licensing features:
 Importing license files to NetAct
 Downloading NE licenses
 Distributing pool licenses
 Browsing installed software licenses
 Revoking imported licenses from the NetAct Database
 Browsing network topology
 Deleting licenses from network elements
 Changing feature states of network elements
 Uploading license status
 Substituting pool licenses
 Generating reports and exporting report data to the CSV files
 Managing license labels
 Setting feature templates and guided distributing
 Monitoring the status of ongoing operations
 Scheduling license management tasks
 License expiration handling

TIP
To get information about the License Manager software version, click button.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 38 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


License Manager

License Manager provides a centralized tool for managing network element licenses
through the whole lifecycle of the network at a single place with clear, user-friendly
interface.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 19

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Managing License Keys

3.2.1 License Manager Functionalities


License Manager application contains table footers in each table in the following views:
Import license, License Key Browser, Topology, Pool Substitution, Reports, Recent
operations, Scheduling, Feature Templates. It helps you to browse items in the table, if the
number of items is large.
If the number of items is greater than number of items displayed in the table, you can
navigate between pages, using navigator pane situated in the middle of the table footer.
On the left side of the table footer there is indication of the total number of items and the
number of checked items. You can change the number of items displayed in the table per
page, using drop-down menu situated on the right side of the table footer.
License Manager application can be open simultaneously in a few tabs of web browser, but
only one tab will be enabled for all operations. In the other tabs you can perform only
operations, for which Cluster ID is not required.
TIP
Only Recent operations view can be open in the other tab of a web browser parallel
with other views.
WARNING
During navigating the License Manager application, do not use back and
forward buttons in the web browser.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 40 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


License Manager Features

 NetAct software license keys management


 Network Elements license keys management
 Pool license keys management
 Automatic license distribution
 Auditing Network Elements against features template
 Notifications for license key expiration, running out of
feature capacity
 Operations history
 Reporting for NetAct as well as Network Elements
licensed features

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

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Managing License Keys

3.3 Licensing Concepts: NE Licensing


Network element license management allows you to control the network element feature
licenses from a centralized location, taking into account the number of network elements in
the network and variety of licensed features within one network element. The NE licenses are
issued for specific target ID.
The network elements to which you will use the license should be known in advance. Once
the license is issued for the specific target, it is not valid for other ones. NE licenses are
installed to network elements using either the License Manager application or element
managers.
Network elements license concept is supported for AXC, BSC, CDS, FLEXINS, HLR, MGW,
MSC, RNC, SGSN, WBTS network elements.
The figure below illustrates the network element license concept:

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 42 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Licensing Concepts: NE Licensing

Network elements license concept is


supported for AXC, BSC, CDS,
FLEXINS, HLR, MGW, MSC, RNC,
SGSN, WBTS

NE licenses are installed to network


elements using either the License Manager
application or element managers.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

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Managing License Keys

3.4 Licensing Concepts: Pool License


Pool licenses contain license information for a large number of network elements of the same
type.
They are used for AXCs, WCDMA BTSs, and Flexi Direct BTSs. Pool licenses are specific to
one NetAct cluster and they contain the NetAct Target ID of the NetAct cluster to which the
pool license file is designated. They also contain the size of the pool, which is interpreted
differently for on/off licenses and capacity licenses.
• For on/off licenses, the size of the pool defines the number of network elements,
which are permitted to use the functionality. This means that you can create licenses
for that number of network elements.
• For capacity licenses, the size of the pool represents the total amount of capacity,
which can be divided between the network elements. This means that you can
generate licenses with different amounts of capacity for several network elements as
long as there is capacity left in the pool.
In order to take the license into use in the network elements, a license file needs to be
generated for the network elements from the pool license. The generated file is called an
NMS generated license file and it contains the target identifiers of the network elements.
Generating a license from the pool license decreases the amount of free capacity in the pool.
The figure below illustrates the pool license concept.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 44 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Licensing Concepts: License Pools

Pool licenses are used for AXCs, WCDMA


BTSs, and Flexi Direct BTSs.
For on/off licenses, the size of the pool defines
the number of network elements, which are
permitted to use the functionality.
For capacity licenses, Users can generate
the size of the pool licenses with different
represents the total amounts of capacity
amount of capacity, for several network
which can be divided elements as long as
between the network there is capacity left
elements. in the pool.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

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Managing License Keys

3.5 Licensing Concepts: License Sets


License sets functionality allows to divide pool licenses into groups and then assign them, by
means of license set, to chosen Maintenance Region (MR). This concept is useful for
managing licenses in more effective way and gives flexibility of managing pool license
consumption.
License set is an advanced configuration, which enable turning feature on/off during
automated license distribution by allocating pool licenses to be consumed by network
elements running in dedicated maintenance regions.
When license belongs to a license set which is assigned to some maintenance region, it can
be used in automatic license distribution only if requested network element also belongs to
this maintenance region. In other words, network element can request only for licenses
assigned to the same maintenance region.
When network element sends a request to generate a license for some feature, License
Manager checks to which maintenance region belongs this network element and uses only
licenses from a pool assigned to this maintenance region.
A license cannot be assigned twice, if license is assigned to one license set, it cannot be
used again.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 46 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Licensing Concepts: License Sets

• Flexible configuration of Pool license consumption in automatic license distribution.


• Assign License sets to work for maintenance regions.
• Handle multiple Pool licenses together as License sets.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 23

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Managing License Keys

3.5.1 Licensing Concepts: NetAct SW Licenses


NetAct applications license management allows you to control the NetAct software features.
NetAct software licenses are meant to activate particular NetAct application functionalities,
for example, Table Editor in CM Editor or applications supported for a particular network
technology, for example, CM Editor for 2G, CM Editor for 3G.
To enable the NetAct licensed functionalities/features it is necessary to install the NetAct 8
Level SW license key, which is mandatorily required in order to let any other license
keys be valid.
For more information about NetAct 8 Level SW license key, see NetAct Release Upgrade
protection in the NetAct Software Licensing document.
Software licenses contain target identifiers for NetAct systems. Software licenses are
installed in a proper target system using the License Manager application.
In the software license concept, License Manager application performs a three-fold check:
• verifies whether the NetAct System contains NetAct Release Upgrade license key.
• verifies whether an appropriate application contains a licensed feature.
• verifies whether the license to this particular feature is installed in the License
Manager application
License statuses define all possibilities after license check.
The figure below illustrates the software license concept.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 48 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Licensing Concepts: NetAct SW Licenses

NetAct SW licenses are used to


activate particular NetAct applic.
functionalities, for example, Table
Editor in CM Editor or applications
supported for a particular network
technology, for example, CM
Editor for 2G, CM Editor for 3G

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 24

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Version . . . . .© Nokia
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49 .
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Managing License Keys

3.6 License States


3.6.1 Network Elements and OSS Generated Licenses
(NMS licenses)

License State Description


Distributed The license is distributed to its network element
Not Distributed The license file has not been distributed to the network
element which is in the target identifier list of license file.
Deleted The license file which was previously distributed to its network
element, has been removed from this network element.
Expired The license validity period has ended or the license signature
certificate has expired
Expired still in NE The license file has been distributed to the network element,
but the validity period of license has ended or the license
signature certificate has expired.
Not Integrated The network element is not integrated to NetAct anymore.
Conflicting The license file in the NetAct repository, and the license file in
the NE have different content. For NE licenses the correct
license version should be identified.
In case the correct version is present in the NE, it should be
reimported to NetAct. For NMS licenses, the license should be
deleted from the NE. In case the capacity is needed on the
NE, new capacity should be distributed from valid pool license.
Invalid The license file exists in the network element, but it is not used
by the network element because the network element does not
accept it or xml file has been corrupted.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 50 (138)


Managing License Keys

3.6.2 Pool and SW Licenses

License State Description


Valid The license file has been accepted by the License Manager
application, which means the license xml file and signature are
correct.
Expired The license validity period has ended or the license signature
certificate has expired
Invalid The xml file has been corrupted or the license file has
signature, signed with a test certificate, which is not accepted.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 51 (138)


Managing License Keys

3.7 License Management Tasks


3.7.1 License Import
Import operation view of the License Manager Web UI makes it possible to introduce a
license into the management system in a very easy way. Imported licenses can be totally
new, or new versions of already existing licenses in the NetAct.
Individual licenses or .zip archives of multiple licenses can be imported from any available
folder.

To import licenses to NetAct


1. In the main menu click License and select Import License from the drop-down menu.
2. Click the Upload button and browse the folder where the license files are stored. After
you choose the file, the upload operation starts and progress bar appears.
The License files table is refreshed and shows uploaded licenses. If any license is
already imported, it contains information about date of previous import in Last imported
column and label, if it was assigned before to this license. If the uploaded license expired
or is faulty, it does not contain check box and cannot be imported. Status column in the
table provides detailed information about license failure.
To remove licenses from the table click the Clear button.
Note:
You can upload license file in the XML format or you can upload multiple, archived
licenses in the following formats: zip, tgz, tar.gz.
TIP
You can check the detailed information about the license by clicking on the license
file name.
3. Attaching a label to the license file.
You can attach the label to the uploaded license files for an easier identification. You
must create a label, before it is attached to the license file.
To create a new label and attach it to a license(s), check the license(s), click the Labels
button and select Create new. Type or paste new label into text field and click Ok.
To assign existing label to the license file, check the license(s), click the Labels button
and select an appropriate label from the list.
To remove label from the license, click the Labels button and select Remove current
from the list.
4. Select licenses you want to import and click the Import button.
If you do not have LIC_ImportPermission, Import button is disabled.

To see the import operation details, follow the link into notification. The Recent Operations
view appears with the latest operation highlighted. In the table below there are listed certain
tasks of selected request.
Successfully imported licenses are available in the License Key Browser view.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 52 (138)


Managing License Keys

License Manager
License Import

• Licenses should be uploaded first to the server


• Single license file or multiple licenses in .zip archive can be uploaded
• When the license content is displayed, license can be imported to the license
repository
• Label can be set to any valid license
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 25

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Version 1 53 (138)
. . . . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
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Managing License Keys

3.7.2 Viewing Licenses


You can browse all types of licenses using the License Key Browser view. You can also
download NE licenses to network elements and distribute pool licenses.
1. In the main menu click License and select License Key Browser from the drop-down
menu.
License Key Browser view appears. You can choose a type of displayed licenses by
selecting appropriate tab in the License Key Browser view.
If you highlight a license by clicking on it, second table appears below with information
about the license target. You can also click license file name to get the detailed
information about the license.

2. You can filter licenses displayed in the table. To filter licenses, click the button.
The Filter dialog appears.
In order to browse the installed license easier, you can filter out the irrelevant entries.
Filter settings are memorized for each tab. Licenses in the following views: NetAct
Software Licenses, NE Licenses, Pool Licenses are filtered by license type and this
criterion cannot be removed from the filtering criteria.
You can filter which licenses are shown, according to the following criteria: Target type,
Feature Code, Feature Name, Label, License code, License name, License file, Serial
number, Target ID.
a) Select a criterion from Filter by: drop-down menu. You can select multiple criteria by
clicking the Add criterion icon. To remove filtering criterion, click the Remove criterion
icon.
You can merge the filtering criteria using (OR) and (AND) operators. Operator (OR)
means that in the License keys table all licenses are shown which fulfill first or second
criterion. If you select (AND) operator, in the License keys table only, the licenses
which fulfill both criteria will be shown.
b) You can define by checking the check boxes, if expired licenses and downloaded to
their all or filtered targets licenses in case of NE licenses, or empty pool (capacity
equals zero) in case of pool licenses, are shown in the License Keys table.
c) Click the Ok button to filter licenses in the License keys table according to the
selected criteria.
The License keys table displays licenses according to selected criteria, which are
listed above the table.
TIP
To clear filtering criteria, click the button.

TIP
If you checked an expired or empty pool (remaining capacity equals zero) check
boxes, Clear filter button does not clear this choice. If you want to uncheck them, you
must do it manually.
To refresh the License keys view, click the button.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 54 (138)


Managing License Keys

TIP
You can check the license detailed information by clicking the license file name.

Edit the label of the license files.


You can remove the existing license label or change it. You can also add a new one if the
label does not exist. NMS generated licenses have the same label as the pool license, it was
generated from.
To add a label, check the license(s) and click the Labels button. Then select Create new
button and type or paste new label into a text field and click Ok.
To assign an existing label to the license file, check the license(s), click the Labels button
and select appropriate label from the list.
TIP
To remove label from the license, click the Labels button and select Remove current.

Exporting License Files


You can also export license files to the local workstation by clicking the Export
button. For more information on how to export license file see Exporting license files.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 55 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Viewing Imported Licenses and Licenses details

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 26

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Version 1
. . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (138)
56 .
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Managing License Keys

3.7.3 Uploading Licenses


The purpose of upload license status operation is to synchronize the latest license and
feature information from the network elements with the NetAct database and to keep License
Manager up-to-date.
Synchronization is performed by uploading the status of all licenses from the selected
network elements.
In case there are licenses on network elements which are not present in the NetAct
database, they are uploaded and added to the NetAct database.
You can schedule license information synchronization for desired network elements of
particular type.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 57 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Uploading Licenses

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 27

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. . 1.
Version . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (138)
58 .
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Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Uploading Licenses: Scheduling

Schedule upload status for all or selected network elements of given type in
simple steps.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 28

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. . 1.
Version . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (138)
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Managing License Keys

3.7.4 Exporting Licenses


Exporting license is an operation which allows you to download license file to your local drive.
You can download one license as a .xml file or multiple licenses as a .zip archive.

License Manager
License Import

• Licenses should be uploaded first to the server


• Single license file or multiple licenses in .zip archive can be uploaded
• When the license content is displayed, license can be imported to the license
repository
• Label can be set to any valid license
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 29
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. . 1.
Version . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (138)
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Managing License Keys

3.7.5 Distributing Licenses


Distributing license files entails downloading the selected licenses to the designated network
elements.
Features can then be taken into use according to the feature activation instructions.
There are following distribution options:
• NE license distribution is used to distribute NE licenses, and to redistribute NMS
generated licenses.
• Pool license distribution is used to create and distribute NMS generated licenses.

3.7.5.1 Distributing NE licenses


NE license distribution involves downloading licenses to network elements in one or multiple
operation.
NetAct users can download an NE license, or an NMS generated license to all integrated
network elements mentioned in the license file as a single operation. Download can be
executed in several operations so that only some of the network elements are selected at a
time. If new targets have been added to the license, the download operation is needed only
for the added target network elements.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 61 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


License Distribution: Distributing NE licenses

• See Network Elements license keys with their target elements


and distribution status.
• Download one or multiple licenses for target elements.
• Use advance filtering to drill down for needed information.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 30

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Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 62 (138)
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Managing License Keys

3.7.5.2 Distributing Licenses from a Pool


Distributing licenses from a pool functionality enables multiple pool license distribution to
multiple network elements in one operation.
When a license from a pool is distributed, network element specific licenses (NMS generated
licenses) are created by the License Manager application. NMS generated licenses are then
automatically distributed to the network elements. During capacity feature distribution, the
user defines the amount of capacity for each element.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 63 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


License Distribution: Distributing Pool licenses

• See Pool licenses with their consumption by target elements.


• Distribute one or multiple licenses for target elements.
• Use advance filtering to drill down for needed information.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 31

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Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 64 (138)
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Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


License Distribution: Distributing Pool licenses

• Use wizard for Pool distribution of multiple features to multiple network elements.
• Have the full control for licenses and capacity to be distributed.
• Be warned when distribution exceeds max HW capacity of the element.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 32

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. . 1.
Version . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
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65 .
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Managing License Keys

3.7.5.3 Distributing Licenses Using Guided Distribution


Guided distribution allows you to distribute multiple licenses, based on a feature template, to
one or multiple network elements.
During guided distribution operation, license situation on network element is compared to the
one in the feature template and capacity needed for distribution is calculated and then sent
to the network element.
Needed capacity is summarized from remaining capacity of different pools. This functionality
assures that network elements will reach feature template definition.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 66 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


License Distribution: Guided Distribution

• Distribute license keys according to feature template in one operation.


• Let License Manager calculate capacity to be distributed to avoid unnecessary
LK generation.
• Have overview of capacity consumed by guided distribution.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 33

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. . 1.
Version . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
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67 .
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Managing License Keys

3.7.5.4 Automatic Licenses Distribution


Automatic license distribution functionality allows to distribute licenses to network elements
without manual operations and based on a certain configuration. Mechanism of automatic
license distribution provides that licenses automatically follow network configuration.
Automatic license distribution is based on network element request. NE request is sent to a
NetAct system in case network element needs new license or capacity. Needed licenses are
generated out of available pool and sent to the network element automatically. For capacity
licenses available pool is summarized from remaining capacity of different pools. Deleted
licenses can also be concerned as the available pool and distributed automatically, provided
that proper configuration for automatic license distribution is set.
Available pool can be defined by license sets functionality. During automatic license
distribution you can limit a pool of licenses which can be distributed, by assigning license set
to desired maintenance region.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 68 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


License Distribution: Automatic license key distribution

License Manager automatically


Flexi BTS requests license key
distributes licenses with
distribution after configuration Floating licenses supported.
requested capacity from a pool of
changes
licenses.

NetAct Configurator NetAct License Manager

WCDMA BTS

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 34

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. . 1.
Version . . . . .© Nokia
. . Solutions
. . . and. Networks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (138)
69 .
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Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


License Distribution: Automatic license key distribution

• Configure features for which licenses will be automatically distributed.


• Network elements send generation request for licenses they need.
• Licenses are automatically generated and distributed out of pool licenses.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 35

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Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 70 (138)
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Managing License Keys

3.7.6 Feature Templates


Creating feature template is an operation which allows you to define a set of features and
their capacity desired on a network element. Feature template concept is used in guided
distribution operation and during auditing network elements.
A template can be defined based on existing network element and as a custom template by
selecting features from these available in a pool licenses.

Note:
If you generate a template from an existing network element, only the distributed licenses are
taken into consideration.
All features and their capacity values, which are distributed to a network element, are going
to be included in the template. If multiple licenses per feature exist in the network element,
they will be represented in the template as a single entry for the feature with capacity value
which is equal to the sum of all licenses for the feature.
By defining a label in a template, you can narrow down the pool licenses which will be used
in the guided distribution.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 71 (138)


Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Feature Templates

• Create feature template to be used as the pattern for distribution.


• Use feature template for auditing Network Elements.
• Apply template to elements by starting guided distribution.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 36

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Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 72 (138)
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Managing License Keys

Managing License Keys


Feature Templates

• Select features for template based on network element or define from


available licenses.
• Use labels for automated license keys selection in guided distribution.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 37

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Managing License Keys

3.7.7 Network Element Audit against Feature Template


License Manager offers possibility to audit network elements against previously defined
feature templates.
This functionality compares the licensed features status of the network element with the one
defined in a feature template and check if the network elements have sufficient licenses
distributed.
This option allows user to see if network element status is insufficient, equal or exceeding
against to the feature template and to start guided distribution to all network elements having
too less licenses.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 74 (138)


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Managing License Keys


Network Element Audit against Feature Template

• Audit Network Elements if they have sufficient license for defined features template
• Perform Network Element specific or network wide auditing in UI or in report form
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 38

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Managing License Keys

3.7.8 License Pool Substitution


The pool license substitute process allows you to replace a pool license in case you selected
a wrong target in pool license distribution or in case of broken hardware.
License pool substitution process consist of three phases, registering licenses for pool
substitution, exporting license pool substitution request, and importing license pool substitute
permission.
If you have selected a wrong target in pool license distribution, the only way to revert the
allocation is by applying the pool license substitute process. The incorrect license capacity is
released back to the pool. By default the substitution process delete the substituted licenses
from the network element.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 76 (138)


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Managing License Keys


License Pool Substitution

• Create Pool substitution requests for broken HW and typing error cases.
• Register substitution request for multiple network elements and multiple
licenses.
• Have full overview of pending substitution requests.
• Create report for all Pool substitution requests for any further processing.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 39

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Managing License Keys

3.7.9 Licenses Reports


You can generate the following reports via the license Manager graphical user interface:
 Report on NetAct software features
 Report on operations history
 Report on license files of network elements
 Report on license substitutions
 Report on network element license files of given state
 Report on licensed features of network elements
 Report on remaining capacity in pool licenses
 Report on comparison of templates to network element
 Report on comparison of templates to network element on feature level
 Report on NetAct software features

The following information is available in this report: Area, Feature name, Feature code,
Feature description, Sales item, Network Technology, License state, Capacity, Expiration
date.

For all reports you can generate via graphical user interface, data export to a CSV files is
available.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 78 (138)


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License Manager
Licenses Reports

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 40

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Managing License Keys

License Manager
Feature Reports

• See on the report all possible NetAct licensed features with their licensing status.
• Create report for all or one NetAct application area.
• View licensed features for particular Radio or Core network technology.
• Export report to CSV file for any further processing.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 41

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Managing License Keys

3.8 License Notifications


License notifications functionality provides information for user about all licenses which are
going to expire as well as about exceeding pool licenses or features capacity. Expiration
notifications apply to all types of licenses, NetAct software licenses, pool licenses and NE
licenses. Exceeding license/feature capacity notifications pertain only to pool licenses.
Two ways of warning user are supported by License Manager, notifications visible in
application as a pop up messages, and e-mail notifications.
When licenses validity date comes to the end or pool license or feature usage crosses
capacity threshold, an expiration dialog appears in the License Manager application right
after opening the application.
In addition all notifications are listed in License Manager application separately for expiring
licenses, features running out of capacity and licenses running out of capacity..
All notifications are configurable. For pool licenses and features running out of capacity,
thresholds settings for consumed level of license or feature capacity can be defined globally
for all and also for particular pool license or feature. For licenses whose validity date comes
to the end configuration can be set only globally and number of days before expiration can be
defined. You are also allowed to choose if you want to receive e-mail notifications or not.
License Manager supports also alarms for NetAct software licenses related to NetAct hard
lock protection for term licenses. For more information about NetAct software licenses
alarms, see NetAct alarms in the NetAct Software Licensing document.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 81 (138)


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Managing License Keys


License Notifications

• Define notification capacity thresholds on feature or pool license level.


• Configure notification for license expiration.
• Be notified in License Manage UI or via e-mail.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 42
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. . Solutions
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. (138)
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Managing License Keys

3.9 Viewing Recent Operations


Recent operation functionality shows history of operations performed in the License Manager
application and provides an overview of all operations performed by the user, system or
network element. You are able to see detailed information about recently executed
operations, ongoing or finished, with their status of completion.
Overview of the following operations is available: Delete from network, Download, Feature
state change, Guided distribution, Import, License generation request, License state change,
Pool distribution, Substitution, Synchronization request, Target Id verification, Terminate and
Upload status.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 83 (138)


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Managing License Keys


Viewing Recent Operations

• See all licensing operations happening in NetAct cluster.


• Use filtering and searching to find needed information quickly.
• Repeat failed license operation right from recent operation view.
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 43
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. . Solutions
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. (138)
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Software Asset Monitoring

4 Software Asset Monitoring

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 85 (138)


Software Asset Monitoring

4.1 Software Asset Monitoring Application


Software Asset Monitoring application collects and processes the configuration and
measurement data based on customer specific settings. It generates a report on the feature
usage and forwards the formatted monitoring data to the customer and NSN Customer Team
via an encrypted e-mail. The encrypted e-mail can be read and validated by Customer and
NSN Customer Team only. The report on the feature usage is used to generate an invoice.
One software monitoring report comprises information related to one NetAct cluster. NetAct
Software Asset Monitoring (SWAM) is a web-based application for software asset monitoring
purposes. SWAM provides the following operations:
• Creating, modifying and deleting monitoring modules for particular network
technology
• Viewing and exporting monitoring reports
• Setting the preferable invoicing period (monthly or quarterly)
• Setting notifications and alarms thresholds
• Migrating data
Note:
Access to the operations performed in Software Asset Monitoring requires special
permissions. To check which permission you need to perform each operation, check
Permission Management Help.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 86 (138)


Software Asset Monitoring

SW Asset Monitoring

SWAM is enhanced to protect


capacity NetAct Radio Standard SW Capacity usage monitoring for:
features. • NetAct Radio GSM Standard SW
• Features usage reports in terms of
• NetAct Radio GSM-R Standard SW
network size managed in NetAct 8
cluster: • NetAct Radio WCDMA Standard SW
•Number of Cells • NetAct Radio LTE Standard SW
•Number of TRXs • Flexi NG
• Flexi NS

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 44

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Software Asset Monitoring

4.2 Monitoring Modules


Monitoring data are configuration management (CM) parameters and performance
management (PM) counters. Software Asset Monitoring application stores the data for further
handling such as pre-processing to make raw monitoring data more accurate and usable, for
example, data size is reduced, and data are presented in more convenient way to the user.
Local storing of data is needed before and after data processing. A report is periodically
generated based on monitoring data and sent to NSN side where later on it is used for
invoicing purposes.
Monitoring modules are product specific elements, which allow an incorporation of specific
reporting methods. Monitoring modules are divided into two groups, PM and CM, particular
for each network technology. The table in next page shows the monitoring modules currently
available.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 88 (138)


Software Asset Monitoring

SW Asset Monitoring
Monitoring Modules

Monitoring data are configuration management parameters


and performance management counters. SWAM stores the
data for further handling. A report is periodically generated
based on monitoring data and sent to NSN side where later
on it is used for invoicing purposes.

Monitoring modules are product specific


elements, which allow an incorporation of
specific reporting methods. Monitoring modules
are divided into two groups, PM and CM,
particular for each network technology.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 45

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Software Asset Monitoring

4.3 Monitoring Modules Types


Monitoring Module Description

NetAct Radio Monitors configuration management parameters. Note:NetAct


Radio monitoring module is default permanent module which is not
configurable

LTE FDD CM Monitors LTE FDD configuration management parameters

LTE TDD CM Monitors LTE TDD configuration management parameters.

LTE FZ FDD CM Monitors LTE Flexi Zone FDD configuration management


parameters.

WCDMA CM Monitors WCDMA configuration management parameters.

GSM CM Monitors GSM configuration management parameters.

RACS CM Monitors configuration management parameters from the Radio


Applications Cloud Servers.

LTE FDD PM Monitors LTE FDD counters.

LTE TDD PM Monitors LTE TDD counters.

WCDMA PM Monitors WCDMA counters.

GSM PM Monitors GSM counters.

FlexiNG PM Monitors FlexiNG counters.

FlexiNS PM Monitors FlexiNS counters.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 90 (138)


Software Asset Monitoring

4.4 Software Asset Monitoring Notifications


Software Asset Monitoring supports e-mail notifications and provides information for user
about generating reports, as well as warns user about misusing application and crossing
capacity thresholds for features.
E-mail notifications are sent right after report generation in case one of the following events
occurs
• summary report (monthly or quarterly) has been generated.
• unauthorized modifications have been made to monitoring data or in formerly generated
report
• feature threshold value, set during module creation, has been exceeded
For more information about notifications for exceeding thresholds, see Warning e-mails for
crossing thresholds.
Notifications are configurable globally, as well as for particular feature during module
creation.
Software Asset Monitoring supports also alarms for NetAct software capacity licenses related
to NetAct hard lock protection for capacity licenses. For more information on NetAct software
licenses alarms, see NetAct alarms in the NetAct Software Licensing document.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 91 (138)


Software Asset Monitoring

SW Asset Monitoring
Notifications
SWAM supports e-mail notifications and
provides information for the user about
generating reports, as well as warns user
about misusing application and crossing
capacity thresholds for features

SWAM monitors and reports used capacity


of NetAct software licenses and in case
capacity thresholds are crossed, respective
alarm is raised and visible in the NetAct
Monitor application (Hard Lock Functionality)

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 46
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Software Asset Monitoring

4.5 Software Asset Monitoring Reports


The purpose of Software Asset Monitoring is to monitor and report features usage. As a
result of this a monitoring report is created. Software Asset Monitoring application allows to
view reports, download reports as CSV or XML file, and backup a report in form of raw
monitoring data.
Software Asset Monitoring application creates following types of reports for CM and PM
based monitoring:

 Daily report: Contains information about daily change of features/counters usage. In case
of CM based monitoring it contains feature parameters collected and reported once a day.
In case of PM based monitoring it contains information on counters which have been
collected during a day and counters values are reported for every hour.

 Periodic detailed report: Contains information on features/counters usage for each day
of the whole invoicing period. In case of CM based monitoring it assembles
features/counters daily values. In case of PM based monitoring it shows results with
aggregation approach applied. Reporting results are listed for each network element.

 Periodic aggregated report: Periodic aggregated report shows aggregated


features/counters values for the invoicing period by applying the logic as defined by
SWAM parameters. Results are listed for each network element.

 Summary report: Summary report contains summary values for each feature/counter that
is applied for invoicing during the invoicing period for the dedicated NetAct Cluster. In
summary reports every Sales Item is listed only once as a basis for invoicing.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 93 (138)


Software Asset Monitoring

SW Asset Monitoring
Monitoring Reports

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 47
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Software Asset Monitoring

Next tables show the rows and the columns which can be visible in every Software Asset
Monitoring report.

Row Name Description Comment

Module name Module name which is the same module name that
is created during module creation.

Module type Represents technology for which report was


created and indicates what type of report it is, CM
(configuration management) or PM (performance
management), for example: LTE FDD CM,
WCDMA PM.

Day/Period It shows for what time report was created. In case


of daily reports there is a Day row, which shows
the exact day for which report was created. In
case of periodic reports there is a Period row,
which shows the period of time for which report
was created.

Aggregation This row informs about type of aggregation which


has been used to create a report. Available options
are Off, NetAct Cluster, RNC, BSC, Site.

Pricing model Type of pricing model which has been used to For CM reports
create a report.

Nth highest value Number of Nth highest value used for calculation. For Periodic
detailedreport

Sum up Channel It shows the way in which Channel Elements uplink For WCDMA PM
Elements and downlink values have been counted Daily report
uplink/downlink

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 95 (138)


Software Asset Monitoring

Row Name Description Comment

Processing Sets It shows method of calculating processing For WCDMA PM reports


sets. Available options are: Off, On,
Incremental capacity units.

HSxPA Processing Shows unit taken into account when For WCDMA PM reports using
Sets trigger calculating processing sets. Available Processing Sets
options are User and User & Mbps.

Processing Set 2 only It shows if only processing set 2 is used. For WCDMA PM reports in
case of Processing Sets = On

Processing Set 3 It shows the weight of processing set 3 For WCDMA PM reports in
weight factor compare to processing set 2. case of Processing Set 2 only
= No

TargetId Identification number of NetAct.

Customer names Shows the customer name

Excluded days Shows periods excluded from monitoring


scope.

Signature Hash value used for checking the data


integrity.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 96 (138)


Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5 Software Management and Remote NE


Backup

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 97 (138)


Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.1 Software Management in NetAct


Configuration changes are constantly needed to evolving networks to secure, maintain, or
improve the service level perceived by the end users. With introduction of new services,
networks are enhanced to meet high demands of new generation consumers. The
configuration changes to complex and large networks must be well planned, documented,
controlled, approved, and executed to avoid unplanned conflicts and symptoms in the
network, which might cause service level degradation. Software management play a central
role in configuration changes and in the change control process.
Change requests including software updates in the network can originate from various
sources, such as
 Faults in current software, which need to be fixed.
 Changes in other elements, which a creates need for compatibility changes in interfacing
elements.
 Introduction of new services, and enhancements to existing ones.
 Hardware changes in elements (for example, capacity increase).
 Security patches.
 End of life of products, causing software replacements.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 98 (138)


Software Management and Remote NE Backup

Centralized Software Management and NE Backup

NetAct Software Management is used for managing end-to-end process of


deploying SW releases and patches, creating SW backups and restoring
functionality efficiently in complex and large multi-technology networks.

Secured SW Centralized Software Lifecycle


Software Pool SW inventory
delivery Process
Nokia Solutions and
Networks SQA and
MV SWM SW Lifecycle
SW Gateway Library Control
farms
Internet

VPN
connections

Nokia Solutions and


Networks EMS

SW update,
upgrade via EMS Nokia Solutions
and Network NEs

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 48

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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.2 Software Manager


Software Manager allows remote management of software configurations in network
elements. It allows to upload the software configuration information from NE to Nokia
Siemens Networks NetAct, download the NE software from NetAct to NE, import NE SW,
and activate the NE SW. Users can easily search and examine software configuration data
from a remote location. The system saves the software configuration information in the
NetAct database, which can regularly be updated. An important feature of this application is
also that the NEs' software can be stored to the NetAct disk and be downloaded to the
managed objects from a remote location. All executed and ongoing tasks can be reviewed in
the status view.
With Software Manager functionalities, the users can:
 View the task and corresponding NE details:
 Network Element information
 Latest task information
 Software tree
 Software details
 Upload software configuration information from NE to NetAct.
 Download NE software from NetAct to NE.
 Activate NE software in network element.
 Compare network elements’ software versions.
 Schedule tasks and manage schedules.
 Manage SW packages in centralized Software Archive.

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 100 (138)


Software Management and Remote NE Backup

Software Management in NetAct


Functionality in NetAct

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 49

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. (138)
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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

Software Management in NetAct


Software Manager Tasks

Software Manager in NetAct 8 allows to:


 Manage Network Elements’ software configuration
 Change Network Element’s software
 Manage Network Element’s software packages archived in
NetAct
 Perform and Store Remote Backups from supported Network
Elements:
 Full Backup
 Full Backup to External Device
 Partial Backup
 Partial Backup to External device
 Partial Backup to NMS
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 50
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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.3 Software Manager Operations


The Software Manager user interface consists of the below four views:

Network Status: Software


Network Software Status provides a centralized software configuration register for the
network element software of the managed network.

Network Operations
The Tasks view is intended for monitoring the status of the software management tasks. The
status of the individual operations can be seen in the Tasks main view. The Details tab
includes more detailed information of each operation.

Software Archive
Software Archive provides a centralized network element software storage for network
element releases and NetAct change deliveries. After the software is imported, the software
is stored in the NetAct disks in one directory specific per network element type.

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Operations
Network Status
• Overview of SW status of certain NE type in
whole network
• Detailed NE(s) or SW packages in network
view
• Management of customer’s own NE sets
• Provisioning tasks (upload, download,
activate, pre-check, create full and partial
backup)
• NE(s) SW packages compare
SW and Backup Archive
• Centralized SW and NE Backup repository in
NetAct
• Browse, import SW to, remove SW from
archive, download backup to local storage
• Detailed SW and Backup package information
view
Task management
• Creating, viewing, removing and rescheduling
the tasks (waiting, ongoing, completed)
1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 51
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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.3.1 Software Manager Graphical User Interface

Centralized Software Management and NE Backup


Operations: Graphical User Interface
Software Manager implements a graphical user interface that integrates SW
Management and Network Elements Backup Management in the same window.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 52

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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.3.2 Network Software Status


Network Software Status implements a centralized, up-to-date software configuration status
for the network element software of the managed network.
Network Software Status is especially useful in troubleshooting cases and when planning
software installations. This is because there is no longer need to use remote MML
commands for viewing the software configuration, nor to record the existing software
manually on spreadsheet documents.
Network Software Status provides the following functionalities:
 View the software status of certain network element type in the whole network.
 View the software configuration of a network element: Software builds, change
deliveries, change notes, and files are listed.
 Upload software configuration from network element(s): You can schedule an upload
from network element(s) to the Software Manager at any time. It is also possible to define
repeatable tasks (daily, weekly, monthly). Upload status can be monitored in Tasks tab.
 Download software to network elements: You can schedule software download so that
the system automatically downloads software to the network elements as required.
Download status can be monitored in Tasks tab.
 Activate certain network elements: When you download software to network elements,
you can set the software to be automatically activated after the download. This is
supported for MGW network elements. You can schedule the activation of downloaded
network element as required. Activation status can be monitored in Tasks tab.
 Compare SW status for selected NEs: You can compare currently installed software for
MSS and MGW (only) by selecting the network elements and pressing Compare SW
button. You can also use filtering to see in which network elements a particular CD set is
installed.
 Search network elements: You can have a list of the network elements which fulfill the
search criteria. Search can be run based on any saved database information.
 Managing own sets: You can create own sets of network elements, export from and
import into Software Manager. Import/Export functionality allows you to use other tools (for
example Excel) to manage a list of network elements to be downloaded, activated, or
uploaded via Software Manager.

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Operations: viewing Network Software Status
Network Software Status provides a centralized, up-to-date software configuration
status for the network element software of the managed network.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 53

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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.3.3 Viewing Details of a Managed Object


This section allows viewing detailed information such as software version information or
tasking related information of the selected network element.
1. Select the Network Status view.
2. Select the Software tab.
3. Select Parent from View drop-down list.

Note:
You can also choose Maintenance region option, to view the network divided into
maintenance regions.
4. Select managed object type from MO type list.
5. Select parent managed object from the list located on the left side of the window.

Note:
If the Maintenance region option was chosen from View drop-down list, then select a
maintenance region in this step.
6. Click (the Show NE Details icon) located on the left of NE name.
The details window appears.
You can view detailed information such as Managed Object information, Latest task
information and Software details.

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5.3.4 Uploading software configuration information from


NE to NetAct
This section describes how to upload the software configuration information from network
elements to NetAct (synchronize NE with NetAct). Before downloading and activating new
software in any network element it is necessary to know the previous configuration or
software version information.
WARNING
If a task is in the Ongoing state on a particular network element, then you
cannot create a new task on the same network element to be run immediately.
If you try to create such a task, then an error message is displayed.

To Upload the Software Configuration:


1. Select Software from the Network Status menu bar.
2. Select Parent from View drop-down list.
You can also choose Maintenance region option, to view the network divided into
maintenance regions.
3. Select managed object type from the MO type list.
4. Select parent managed object from the list located on the left side of the window.
If the Maintenance region option was chosen from View drop-down list, then select a
maintenance region in this step.
5. Select the network element by clicking the check box placed at the extreme left in the
Network Elements table.
6. Click New Task... button.
New Task wizard appears.
7. In step 1 of the wizard select Software Upload from Task Type drop-down list and click
Next.
You can also do the following:
 Fill in the Task name field. Default value is MO name.
 Write a description of the task in Task description field.
Note:
Click the icon to display operation description and the default timeout.

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8. In step 2:
a) Decide when to start the task.
 If Frequency is set to Immediately, the task will be started when the wizard is
completed.
 If Frequency is set to Once, fill the Start date field.
 If Frequency is set to Periodically, fill all fields to schedule the number of task
executions.
b) Choose the method of starting tasks and click Next.
 Parallel- tasks on selected network elements are started simultaneously.

Sequence- tasks on selected network elements are started sequentially.
Checking the Interrupt on failure check box causes cancelling tasks by the system if the
previous task in the sequence failed.
If the Interrupt on failure check box is not checked, system retries running task on the
network element on which the task could not be done at the first time because the other
task was in the Ongoing state on that particular network element.
Tasks in group- determines the number of tasks that can be started simultaneously.
9. In step 3 click Finish to create Software Upload task.
In this step you can see the summary of the created task. You can also correct task data
by clicking the Previous button or close the wizard without creating a new task by
clicking the Cancel button.

After completing all the steps, a new Software Upload task is created. Steps from 6 to 9 can
be substituted by pressing the Synchronize button that also causes that a new Software
Upload task is created and can be seen from the Network Operations view’s Tasks tab.
WARNING
If there are more than 250 NEs selected for a task, they are not viewed by
default. If you want to view them all, click the available link.

In the main view in the Status column, a current status of the Software Upload
(synchronization) operation is displayed. If you have failed status you can click the status to
see further information on the failed uploads in the Status column.

If you have completed the steps successfully, the Networks Elements are synchronized with
NetAct.

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Operations: Uploading SW Configuration

or

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 54

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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.3.5 Network Operations- Tasks


For a selected NE type, you can view scheduled, ongoing and executed tasks.
1. Select the Network Operations view.
2. Select the Tasks tab.
3. Select the NE type from the MO type drop-down list.
All tasks for selected managed object type are displayed in a tasks table and
automatically sorted descending by Start date.
4. Click on Started/Finished time box or (the calendar icon) to set the time range of
displayed tasks.
The pop-up calendar appears, where you can select the date and enter the hour.
5. Submit changes by clicking the Apply button.
The list of tasks is updated accordingly to selected time range.
You can view all the tasks for selected network element type and time range.
TIP
You can sort the data in the table by the content in each column. Sorting in the
following columns: MO DN, MO name, Finished, alternates the order of subtasks in
the single group. Sorting in the following columns: Task Name, Task Type, Created
on, Start date, Creator alternates task groups order.
6. Click the icon to expand the task group onto single tasks.
7. Follow the link in the Status column to show the details of single task

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Operations: Tasks

Network Software Operations – Tasks view is intended for monitoring the status
of software management tasks. The status of each individual operation can easily
be seen from the main view. Details tab includes more detailed information of each
operation.

Tasks can be managed (created, viewed, removed,


cancelled, rescheduled) in this view.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 55

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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.3.6 Software Archive


The Software Archive tab allows to manage software packages, which are already stored in
Software Archive. You can examine the details of a single software package, see the list of
managed objects compatible with the browsed software package and download the package
to compatible network elements. For managed objects for which multi package management
is defined, you can create a virtual package, which combine physical software packages
stored in Software Archive into one virtual software.

The operations available for Software Archive are:


 Import software to the archive: For the selected MO type, the user can import software
from a CD, from the workstation, or from NetAct directory into the software archive and
store them in Software Archive. The import SW operation is executed with the SW
Import Manager java application.
 Browse and view archived software: You can have a view of the software stored in the
software archive.
 Remove archived software: You can remove software stored in the software archive.
 Rename archived software: You can rename software stored in the software archive.
 Change the internal lifecycle of software build status.
 Declare different statuses for software builds according to operator-internal business
process.

Additionally, the information about the Software Archive current disk space divided into disk
usage and available free space is included in the upper right corner of the Software Archive
tab.

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Operations: Software Archive

Software Archive implements a centralized storage for the software of network


element releases and change deliveries in NetAct. With this functionality the user
can efficiently import software to the archive, and manage the archived software.

Deletion from Archive, renaming


packages and moving SW Package
from one folder to another are
supported. User is able to drag and
drop SW packages from folder to
another.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 56
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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

Centralized Software Management and NE Backup


Operations: Software Archive – Import Manager

SW Import Manager is used to import single or multiple SW packages to


NetAct repository. SW package import time can be can be stopped and
resumed effectively secure the bandwidth between NetAct and NE.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 57
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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.3.7 Attaching / Viewing Software Package


Documentation
In the Software Archive tab you can also attach additional documentation to the software
packages, both for physical software packages and virtual ones. In particular, for network
elements which require additional installation scripts for some operations, you can attach
installation scripts to the regular software packages.
Note:
Documentation can be attached only to software packages that are located in Software
Manager repository, both for packages from Local repository and virtual packages

To attach documentation tot he software packages:


1. Select the Software Archive tab.
2. From the MO type drop-down list, select the managed object type or subtype.
3. From the list located on the left side of the window, select a package name under a
desired release folder. As a result, the selected software package is highlighted with
blue color.
The software package information is populated in the Summary tab.
4. Click the Documentation tab.
5. Click the Attach... button.
Expected outcome
The Attach Documentation to Software Package dialog opens.
6. In the Attach Documentation to Software Package dialog click the Attach file... button.
7. By using the file chooser, select the file you want to attach to the software package.
The maximum file size for import to Software Manager is 25 MB.
8. Click the Open button
The selected file is attached to the Software Archive. In the Attach Documentation to
Software Package dialog, you can see the progress message of the uploaded file.
9. Click the Close button.
The selected file is added to the software package. In the Documentation table there
is information about file size. In the Action column, there are two options available.
Note:
If you add more than one file with the same name, the next files are visible in the
Documentation table as <name of the file>_x.<file extension>.
Where,
• x- numbers {1,2,3,...} added after the file name depending on the attaching files with
the same name order.
Example:
If you add three documentation.txt files they are visible in Documentation table in
the following way:
documentation.txt
documentation_1.txt

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Operations: View / Attach Software package release documentation

NetAct 8:
The software package
release documentation and
additional information about
specific handling can be
attached per each imported
software package

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 58
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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.3.8 Viewing Compatible Managed Objects


The prerequisite for searching database against the compatible managed object is the
support of the Active Software operations, which require a software package as a parameter
(for example Software Download, Software Provision).
The conditions listed below determine the software package compatibility:
• software package is assigned to the same MO type/subtype and has at least one
common release version;
• software package is assigned to the common Maintenance Region which is defined
by Lifecycle status

To see the compatible managed objects:


1. Select the Software Archive tab.
2. From the MO type drop-down list, select the managed object type or subtype.
3. From the navigation tree located on the left side of the window, select a package
name under a desired release folder. As a result, the selected software package is
highlighted with blue color.
4. Click the Compatible Managed Objects tab to see a table listing managed objects that
are compatible with the browsed software package.
All managed objects that can use the selected software package are listed in the
network element table.
The list of compatible managed objects to the selected virtual package is generated
based on the given virtual package properties (MO Type, Release, Lifecycle status).
In that case, the target dependencies of physical software packages forming the given
virtual package are not taken into account.
If, during the importing of a software package the managed object subtype was defined, in
the Compatible Managed Objects frame you can see the network element table filtered by
MO type and set MO subtype.
If the selected MO type does not support the backup operations, the last column showing the
backup information in the network element table becomes hidden.

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Operations: View Compatible network elements for SW package installation

NetAct 8:
The application has capability to filter
compatible network elements for new
software deployment based on
software package release version.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 59
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Software Management and Remote NE Backup

5.3.9 Changing status of software package in Software


Archive
To change status of the software package in the Software Archive, execute the following
steps:
1. Select the Software Archive tab.
2. From the MO type drop-down list, select the managed object type or subtype.
3. From the list located on the left side of the window, select a package name under a
desired release folder by clicking a desired node. As a result, the selected software
package is highlighted with blue color.
The software package information is populated in the Summary tab.
4. Click change status... link next to the Lifecycle status attribute in the Summary tab.
The Change lifecycle status dialog opens.
5. From drop-down list, select a desired lifecycle status.
6. Click OK.
The Lifecycle status is updated in Summary tab.
Click see history... link to see the history of lifecycle status changes. You can see
maximum 10 previous statuses in the list.

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Operations: Setting Software package Lifecycle Status support and software
Quality Enforcement
NetAct 8:
• The package version and
lifecycle status is used to filter
compatible network element
for software deployment
• Software Quality Enforcement
is used to validate operation
requests with software
package lifecycle status

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 60
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Network Element Backup Support

6 Network Element Backup Support

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 123 (138)


Network Element Backup Support

6.1 Network Elements Remote Backup from NetAct


Taking a regular backup of the software and databases of the network elements ensures that
you have a functional copy of the software which you can use if there are any problems with
the software or hardware of the network element. This backup is called a fallback. How often
you need to take a fallback depends on various factors.
It is recommended to take a fallback before and after changes in the software or hardware of
a network element. Make sure that the network element works with the new software or
hardware before taking a fallback after the changes.
The procedure of creating a fallback and storing and copying the fallback build of the network
element data remotely from a NetAct Server comprises three main phases:
1. Controlling a fallback of the network software build
Take an automatic fallback of the network element software build. The fallback build is saved
on a disk in the network element. The fallback build may comprise all files (full fallback), data
files (data fallback), or only the changed files (archive fallback).
2. Copying a fallback build into a network element local media
There are two options available for copying a fallback build into a local media:
• You can copy the fallback build from the disk of the network element onto a DDS tape
in the network element.
• You can copy the fallback build from the disk of the network element onto a magnetic
optical disk (MOD) in the network element.
3. Copying a fallback build into the fallback archive in NetAct
You can copy the fallback build from the disk in the network element to a disk in NetAct
(fallback archive) using FTP

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 124 (138)


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Centralized Software Management and NE Backup


NE Backup Support

Take a fallback of Network Element SW


build: The FB build is saved on disk in the NE

Copy the FB build into a NE local media


(DDS tape or MOD)

Copy the FB build into the fallback


archive in NetAct

Remote backup operations can executed on demand or periodically (scheduled)

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 61

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Network Element Backup Support

6.2 Network Elements Backup Archive


Software Manager supports Flexi Platform based Network Elements (OMS, mcRNC,
FlexiNG) data file backup from NE to NetAct. Data files are stored in a global disk in NetAct.
The size of one file may exceed 2 GB, so the global disk space can be easily consumed after
several rounds of backup operations.
It is recommended to estimate the needed space for NE backups in order to have at least
30% of the global disk free.

WARNING
Filling up the global disk to its maximum can endanger the correct operations of the whole
NetAct system.
In order to prevent disturbances in normal operation of NetAct, it is possible to link the default
backup repository to different storage location. The default solution is to add a shared
storage for NetAct Software Manager application and link it as a default backup storage
folder.

Note: It is recommended to perform this operation by NSN Technical Support.

The Network Elements Backup Archive view displays all existing backups of the selected
network element. The created backups are stored on the network element's disks and
additionally can be sent to an external device or to NetAct. With the Storage type filter can be
used to display data in a desired manner.
If the backup is stored in NetAct you can also find the URL Images, from where the NetAct
user can download the backup files.
In the upper right corner of this tab you can find the information about the Backup Archive
current disk space divided into disk usage and available free space.

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Network Element Backup Support

Centralized Software Management and NE Backup


Network Elements Backup Archive

The backup files are stored on the network element side or


copied to NetAct backup repository.
User is able view the last available backup on specific
network element and can save it to local machine.

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 62

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Network Element Backup Support

6.2.1 Creating Network Elements Backups

Centralized Software Management and NE Backup


Creating Network Elements Backups

1 ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Fig. 63

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Exercises

7 Exercises

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Exercises

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 130 (138)


Exercises

Exercise 1
Title: SW Asset Monitoring and License Management Concepts

Objectives: Describe the License Manager functionality


Differentiate the use cases for SW Asset Monitoring and License
Manager

Pre-requisite: none

Query
1. What are the advantages of SW Asset Monitoring compared with the traditional License
Manager?

2. What is the purpose of NetAct License Manager?

3. What types of Licenses can be handled with License Manager?

4. List the new restrictions in the NetAct licensing in NetAct 8.

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Exercises

5. What is the “Hard Lock” mechanism?

6. What are the two types of time licenses in NetAct 8?

7. How are license pools used?

8. What are the SW Licenses used for?

9. Why a license can be in “conflicting” state?

10. What is the difference between “Guided Distribution” and “Automatic Distribution”?

11. What are Templates used for?

12. In what cases is necessary to execute a License Pool substitution?

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Exercises

Exercise 2
Title: Managing License Keys

Objectives: Import licenses to the License Repository


Synchronize the License Information
Report the existing licenses for network elements and NetAct
Report the Features in Network Elements

Pre-requisite: none

Task
Open License Manager Application

Query
1. Synchronize the license information for one (or several) network elements. List the
steps required for this task. How can you verify the licenses were synchronized?

2. Execute a report for the licenses installed for NetAct. How many licenses can you find?
List some of the licensed products

3. Revise the features installed in one of the NetAct installed licenses. Verify if the feature
“Optimizer for LTE” is available

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Exercises

4. Execute a Feature Report for one of the supported network elements.

5. Export one of the licenses synchronized in the step 1.

6. Distribute one License available in the test system, accordingly to the instructions of your
trainer.

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Exercises

Exercise 3
Title: Software Asset Monitoring

Objectives: Describe Software Asset functionality


Revise the software for specific network elements
Upload Software configuration
Setup Backup for Network elements

Pre-requisite: none

Task
Open Software Asset Monitoring Application

Query
1. What is the purpose of SW Asset Monitoring?

2. What is the purpose of the modules used for in Software Asset Monitoring?

3. How the customer can get the SWAM Reports?

4. Check in SWAM the available reports and download one of them. List some of the
monitored features.

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Exercises

Version 1 © Nokia Solutions and Networks 136 (138)


Exercises

Exercise 4
Title: Software Management

Objectives: Describe Software Management functionality


Revise the software for specific network elements
Upload Software configuration
Setup Backup for Network elements

Pre-requisite: none

Task
Open Software Manager Application

Query

1. Explain the main functionalities of Software Manager

2. Upload the Software configuration for one supported network element. Describe the
procedure. How can you check the operation status in the application?

3. Revise the Software configuration of your network element. Export the results into a file
and list the main steps for these two tasks.

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Exercises

4. Execute a Fallback Backup of a supported network element and copy it to NetAct. How
can you verify the correct execution of this task?

5. Download the backup file to your computer.

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