You are on page 1of 14

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING

Volume 2, No 2, 2011
Copyright 2010 All rights reserved Integrated Publishing services

Research article

ISSN 0976 4399

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building

Anshuman. S1, Dipendu Bhunia2, Bhavin Ramjiyani3


1- Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Group, BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India
2- Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Group, BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India.
3- Higher Degree student, Civil Engineering Group, BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India
dipendubhunia@gmail.com
doi:10.6088/ijcser.00202010128
ABSTRACT
Shear wall systems are one of the most commonly used lateral-load resisting systems in highrise buildings. Shear walls have very high in-plane stiffness and strength, which can be used
to simultaneously resist large horizontal loads and support gravity loads, making them quite
advantageous in many structural engineering applications. There are lots of literatures
available to design and analyse the shear wall. However, the decision about the location of
shear wall in multi-storey building is not much discussed in any literatures.
In this paper, therefore, main focus is to determine the solution for shear wall location in
multi-storey building based on its both elastic and elasto-plastic behaviours. An earthquake
load is calculated and applied to a building of fifteen stories located in zone IV. Elastic and
elasto-plastic analyses were performed using both STAAD Pro 2004 and SAP V 10.0.5
(2000) software packages. Shear forces, bending moment and story drift were computed in
both the cases and location of shear wall was established based upon the above computations.
Keywords: linear behaviour of shear wall, Non-linear behaviour of shear wall, seismic
analysis, STAAD Pro 2004 and SAP V 10.0.5 (2000)
Introduction
Reinforced concrete framed buildings are adequate for resisting both the vertical and the
horizontal load acting on them. However, when the buildings are tall, beam and column sizes
workout quite heavy, so that there is lot of congestion at these joint and it is difficult to place
and vibrate concrete at these places, which fact, does not contribute to the safety of buildings.
These practical difficulties call for introduction of shear wall. The term shear wall is rather
misleading as such a walls behave like flexural members. They are usually used in tall
buildings and have been found to be of immense use to avoid total collapse of buildings
under seismic forces. It is always advisable to incorporate them in buildings built in region
likely to experienced earthquake of large intensity or high winds. The design of these shear
wall for wind are design as simple concrete walls. The design of these walls for seismic
forces requires special considerations as they should be safe under repeated loads. Shear
walls may become imperative from the point of view of economy and control of lateral
deflection. There are lots of literatures available [Cardan, B. (1961), Syngellakis et al. (1991),
Wight et al. (1991), Qiusheng et al. (1994), White et al. (1995) and Rosowsky, D.V. (2002)]
to design and analyse the shear wall. However, any of these literatures did not discuss much
about the location of shear wall in multi-storey building.
Hence, this paper has been described to determine the proper location of shear wall based on
its elastic and elasto-plastic behaviours. A RCC medium rise building of 15 stories subjected
to earthquake loading in Zone IV has been considered. In this regard, both STAAD Pro 2004

Received on September, 2011 Published on November 2011

493

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

and SAP V 10.0.5 (2000) software packages have been considered as two tools to perform.
Shear forces, bending moments and storey drifts have been calculated to find out the location
of shear wall in the building.
The plan of the building without shear wall as shown in Figure 1 has been considered to carry
out the study. Both STAAD PRO 2004 and SAP V 10.0.5 (2000) software packages have
been considered. The preliminary data as per the Table 1 is taken up for this study.

Figure 1: Plan of the Building without Shear Wall


Table 1: Preliminary Data
250mm thick
including Plaster
150mm thick
including Plaster

Zone

IV

External wall

Ground storey
height

4.0m From
Foundation

Internal wall

Floor to floor
height

3.35m

Grade of Concrete and


steel
Size of exterior column

Number of
storeys

FIFTEEN (G+14)

Size of interior column

300300 mm2

Shear wall
thickness

300 mm

Size of beams in
longitudinal
and transverse direction

300450 mm2

150 mm

Ductility design

IS:13920-1993

Depth of slab

M20 and Fe 415


300500 mm2

Loading consideration
Dead Load (DL) and Live load (LL) have been taken as per IS 875 (Part 1) (1987) and IS 875
(Part 2) (1987), respectively. Seismic load calculation has been done based on the IS 1893
(Part 1) (2002)s approach.
Results and Discussions
It has been seen from Table 2 that the top deflection (when the seismic load direction is in the
shorter dimension) has been exceeded the permissible deflection, i.e. 0.004 times the total
height of the building [IS 1893 (Part 1) (2002)] in STAAD PRO 2004. It has been exceeded
for the load combinations 1.5(DL+EQ) and 0.9DL+1.5EQ, respectively.

494
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Table 2: Maximum Deflection at the Roof without Shear Wall


Load

Software

Combination

STAAD PRO 2004

SAP V 10.0.5
(2000)

Calculated
Deflection
(mm)

Permissible Deflection
(mm)
[IS 1893 (Part 1)
(2002)]

1.2(DL+LL+EQ)

187.976

1.5(DL+EQ)

235.725

0.9DL+1.5EQ

235.685

1.2(DL+LL+EQ)

158.71

1.5(DL+EQ)

198.4

0.9DL+1.5EQ

198.38

203.6

Similarly, bending moment and shear force were maximum at the ground level in 1st and 12th
frames, respectively (Table 3).
Table 3: Maximum Bending Moment and Maximum Shear Force at the Ground Level
without Shear Wall
Frame No.

Software

STAAD PRO
2004
st

1 and
12th
SAP V 10.0.5
(2000)

Load
Combination
1.2(DL+LL+E
Q)
1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ
1.2(DL+LL+E
Q)
1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ

Calculated Bending
Moment
(kN-m)

Calculated
Shear Force
(kN)

238.041

110.49

294.134
288.096

136.43
133.26

236.98

113.67

296.06
302.65

142.04
145.26

Hence, for the above reason shear wall was provided in 1st and 12th frames, respectively
(Figure 2).

Figure 2: Plan of the Building with Shear Wall in 1st and 12th frames
It has been observed from Table 4 that the roof deflection was well within the permissible
limit for all cases after providing the shear wall in 1st and 12th frames, respectively.
495
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Table 4: Maximum Roof Deflection after Providing Shear Wall in the 1st and 12th Frame

Load
Combination

Software

STAAD PRO
2004

SAP V 10.0.5
(2000)

1.2(DL+LL+E
Q)
1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ
1.2(DL+LL+E
Q)
1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ

Calculated Deflection
(mm)
Without
Shear Wall

With Shear
Wall

187.976

123.59

235.725
235.685

154.49
151.49

158.71

91.4

198.4
198.38

114.29
114.29

Permissible Deflection
(mm)
[IS 1893 (Part 1)
(2002)]

203.6

It has also seen from Table 5 that both bending moment and shear force were increased at the
ground level in 1st and 12th frames after providing shear wall in 1st and 12th frames.
Table 5: Maximum Bending moment and Shear Force at the Ground Level after providing
Shear Wall in the 1st and 12th Frame
Load
Combination

Software

STAAD PRO 2004

SAP V 10.0.5 (2000)

1.2(DL+LL+E
Q)
1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ
1.2(DL+LL+E
Q)
1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ

Calculated
Bending Moment
(kN-m)

Calculated Shear Force


(kN)

698.24

337.97

861.27
854.41

416.28
412.29

630.90

308.57

778.78
779.73

380.24
381.03

Further, shear walls have been provided in the interior frames, i.e. 6th and 7th frames as per
the following figure 3.

Figure 3: Plan of the Building with Shear Wall in 6th and 7th frames
It has been seen from the Table 6 that roof deflection was well within the permissible
deflection for all cases after providing the shear wall in 6th and 7th frames, respectively.
496
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Table 6: Maximum Roof Deflection after Providing Shear Wall in the 6th and 7th Frame

Load
Combination

Software

1.2(DL+LL+E
Q)
1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ
1.2(DL+LL+E
Q)
1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ

STAAD PRO
2004

SAP V 10.0.5
(2000)

Calculated Deflection
(mm)
Without Shear
Wall

With Shear
Wall

187.976

106.47

235.725
235.685

133.08
135.47

158.71

84.72

198.4
198.38

105.91
105.91

Permissible
Deflection (mm)
[IS 1893 (Part 1)
(2002)]

203.6

It has also seen from Table 7 that both bending moment and shear force were increased at the
ground level in 6th and 7th frames after providing shear wall in 6th and 7th frames.
Table 7: Maximum Bending Moment and Maximum Shear Force at the Ground Level after
providing Shear Wall in the 6th and 7th Frame
Software
STAAD
PRO 2004
SAP V
10.0.5
(2000)

1.2(DL+LL+EQ)

Calculated Bending
Moment
(kN-m)
665.76

Calculated Shear
Force
(kN)
324.51

1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ
1.2(DL+LL+EQ)

809.79
803.14
574.87

394.28
389.25
281.61

1.5(DL+EQ)
0.9DL+1.5EQ

732.90
729.19

360.92
358.67

Load Combination

Elasto-plastic analysis
Mahin and Bertero (1976) employed the wide-column frame analogy to assess the importance
of the strength and stiffness of the coupling beams on the elastic and nonlinear, static, and
dynamic responses of multi-story, coupled shear-wall models to severe earthquake excitation.
In wide column frame analogy shear wall has been modeled as a wide column having same
dimension of shear wall and shear wall is connected to frame by connecting beam. Here shear
walled frame has been modeled in SAP 2000 vs. 10 in which nonlinear analysis is done by
using inbuilt coefficient given by FEMA 356 (FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
AGENCY) provisions. According to FEMA 356 the displacement of maximum displaced
column is restricted by 4% of height. Analysis is done for the design earthquake which has
the probability of occurrence is 100years and obtains the performance point. Performance
point gives the value of maximum displacement of column which occurs for design earth
quake intensity for particular zone i.e. zone IV. Resultant base shear-displacement curve has
been obtained for structure, which shows behavior of structure with respect to base shear.

497
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Figure 3: Graph showing Hinge Formation Levels


In analysis hinge formation has been also been observed. Hinge formation levels are divided
as yield level (B), immediate occupancy level (IO), life safety level (LS), collapse level (CP),
full collapse level (E) [Figure 3]. At the immediate occupancy level structures have no sever
damage and structures can be used for further life of structure. Life safety level indicates
there will not be any casualty due to earthquake but structure cannot be used for further living.
At collapse level member will start to collapse and full collapse member will already collapse.
The elastic analysis has been extended to elasto-plastic analysis as per the criterion discussed
above. SAP2000 v10.0.5 software package has been considered to carry out this analysis.
Table 8 is showing the base shear and roof displacement at the performance point. It has been
observed that the performance point for both the conditions (Shear Wall provided in the 6th
and 7th Frames and Shear Wall provided in the 1st and 12th Frames) is lying within the IO
level.
Capacity Spectrum
Capacity spectrum is obtained as per IS 1893:2002 for Zone IV with medium soil.

498
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Figure 4: Capacity Spectrum for shear wall in in 6th and 7th frame

499
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Figure 5: Capacity Spectrum for shear wall in in 1st and 12th frame
Table 8: Base shear vs. Roof displacement at the performance point
Parameters
Conditions

Base Shear (kN)

Roof Displacement
(mm)

912.677

0.0434

865.357

0.326

Shear Wall provided in the 6th


and 7th Frames
Shear Wall provided in the 1st
and 12th Frames

Graph shows that in Non-linear analysis performance point is small i.e. the behaviour of the
structure is within the elastic limit. Hence linear analysis is adequate for this structure.
Results for Shear wall in 6th and 7th frames
It has also seen from Table 9 that shear force was increased at the ground level in 6th and 7th
frames after providing shear wall in 6th and 7th frames.

500
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Table 9: Shear force for Shear wall in 6th and 7th frames

Storey

14th
13th
12th
11th
10th
9th
8th
7th
6th
5th
4th
3rd
2nd
1st
Ground

Footing

Height
(m)

Level
Roof level
14th Level
14th Level
13th Level
13th Level
12th Level
12th Level
11th Level
11th Level
10th Level
10th Level
9th Level
9th Level
8th Level
8th Level
7th Level
7th Level
6th Level
6th Level
5th Level
5th Level
4th Level
4th Level
3rd Level
3rd Level
2nd Level
2nd Level
1st Level
1st Level
Ground
Level
Ground
Level
Footing
Level

52.40
49.05
49.05
45.70
45.70
42.35
42.35
39.00
39.00
35.65
35.65
32.30
32.30
28.95
28.95
25.60
25.60
22.25
22.25
18.90
18.90
15.55
15.55
12.20
12.20
8.85
8.85
5.50
5.50

Shear force in shear wall for load combination


PUSH 2 (In kN )
Step 0
Step 1
Shear wall
Shear wall
Shear wall 1 Shear wall 2
1
2
- 6.608
- 6.608
- 36.369
- 49.586
+ 6.608
+ 6.608
+ 36.369
+ 49.586
- 6.104
- 6.104
- 85.000
- 97.207
+ 6.104
+ 6.104
+ 85.000
+ 97.207
- 6.714
- 6.714
- 132.821
- 146.249
+ 6.714
+ 6.714
+ 132.821
+146.249
- 6.983
- 6.983
- 181.334
- 195.299
+ 6.983
+ 6.983
+ 181.334
+ 195.299
- 7.208
- 7.208
- 230.157
- 244.574
+ 7.208
+ 7.208
+ 230.157
+ 244.574
- 7.383
- 7.383
- 279.180
- 293.948
+ 7.383
+ 7.383
+ 279.180
+ 293.948
- 7.523
- 7.523
- 328.266
- 343.312
+ 7.523
+ 7.523
+ 328.266
+ 343.312
- 7.625
- 7.625
- 377.267
- 392.516
+ 7.625
+ 7.625
+ 377.267
+ 392.516
- 7.676
- 7.676
- 426
- 441.358
+ 7.676
+ 7.676
+ 426
+ 441.358
- 7.651
- 7.651
- 474.242
- 489.544
+ 7.651
+ 7.651
+ 474.242
+ 489.544
- 7.509
- 7.509
- 521.617
- 536.635
+ 7.509
+ 7.509
+ 521.617
+ 536.635
- 7.187
- 7.187
- 567.604
- 581.977
+ 7.187
+ 7.187
+ 567.604
+ 581.977
- 6.563
- 6.563
- 611.447
- 624.572
+ 6.563
+ 6.563
+ 611.447
+ 624.572
- 5.666
- 5.666
- 651.843
- 663.174
+ 5.666
+ 5.666
+ 651.843
+ 663.174
- 2.261
- 2.261
- 689.286
- 693.808

1.50

+ 2.261

+ 2.261

+ 689.286

+ 693.808

1.50

- 2.158

- 2.158

- 727.732

- 732.047

+ 2.158

+ 2.158

+ 727.732

+ 732.047

It has also seen from Table 10 that bending moment was increased at the ground level in 6th
and 7th frames after providing shear wall in 6th and 7th frames.
Table 10: Bending moment for Shear wall in 6th and 7th frames
Storey

Level

Height
(m)

Bending Moment in shear wall for load combination


PUSH 2 (In kN )
Step 0
Step 1
Shear wall
Shear wall Shear wall 1 Shear wall 2

501
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

14th
13th
12th
11th
10th
9th
8th
7th
6th
5th
4th
3rd
2nd
1st
Ground

Footing

Roof
level
14th Level
14th Level
13th Level
13th Level
12th Level
12th Level
11th Level
11th Level
10th Level
10th Level
9th Level
9th Level
8th Level
8th Level
7th Level
7th Level
6th Level
6th Level
5th Level
5th Level
4th Level
4th Level
3rd Level
3rd Level
2nd Level
2nd Level
1st Level
1st Level
Ground
Level
Ground
Level
Footing
Level

52.40

+ 11.782

+ 11.782

+ 63.369

+ 86.932

49.05
49.05
45.70
45.70
42.35
42.35
39.00
39.00
35.65
35.65
32.30
32.30
28.95
28.95
25.60
25.60
22.25
22.25
18.90
18.90
15.55
15.55
12.20
12.20
8.85
8.85
5.50
5.50

- 10.356
+ 9.929
- 10.520
+ 11.171
- 11.321
+ 11.623
- 11.769
+ 12.018
- 12.128
+ 12.322
- 12.412
+12.566
- 12.636
+ 12.748
- 12.795
+ 12.851
- 12.863
+ 12.835
- 12.796
+ 12.638
- 12.517
+ 12.159
- 11.916
+ 11.227
- 10.757
+ 9.732
- 9.248
+ 5.567

- 10.356
+ 9.929
- 10.520
+ 11.171
- 11.321
+ 11.623
- 11.769
+ 12.018
- 12.128
+ 12.322
- 12.412
+12.566
- 12.636
+ 12.748
- 12.795
+ 12.851
- 12.863
+ 12.835
- 12.796
+ 12.638
- 12.517
+ 12.159
- 11.916
+ 11.227
- 10.757
+ 9.732
- 9.248
+ 5.567

- 58.467
+ 145.893
- 138.854
+ 225.789
- 219.162
+ 306.858
- 300.612
+ 388.278
- 382.753
+ 469.905
- 465.355
+ 551.499
- 548.193
+ 632.814
- 631.029
+ 713.536
- 713.585
+ 793.225
- 795.485
+ 871.226
- 876.193
+ 946.551
- 954.922
+ 1017.803
- 1030.546
+ 1084.901
- 1098.766
+ 1354.254

- 79.179
+ 165.751
- 159.894
+ 248.131
- 241.805
+ 330.104
- 324.151
+ 412.315
- 407.007
+ 494.549
- 490.178
+ 576.631
- 573.465
+ 656.311
- 656.618
+ 739.237
- 739.312
+ 818.896
- 821.077
+ 896.502
- 901.227
+ 970.869
- 978.754
+ 1040.258
- 1052.061
+ 1104.372
- 1117.263
+ 1365.388

1.50

- 3.475

- 3.475

- 1402.894

- 1409.844

1.50

+ 2.215

+ 2.215

+ 457.035

+ 461.465

- 1.021

- 1.021

- 634.563

- 636.606

It has been seen from the Table 11 that roof deflection was well within the permissible
deflection for all cases after providing the shear wall in 6th and 7th frames, respectively.
Table 11: Storey drift of shear wall in 6th and 7th frames

STOREY
NO.

Height
(m)

Storey Drift of shear wall for load


combination
PUSH 2
(mm)

502
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

ROOF
14TH
13TH
12TH
11TH
10TH
9TH
8TH
7TH
6TH
5TH
4TH
3RD
2ND
1ST
GROUND

Step 0
0.0030
0.0002
0.0002
0.0001
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

52.40
49.05
45.70
42.35
39.00
25.65
32.30
28.95
25.60
22.25
18.90
15.55
12.20
8.85
5.50
1.50

Step 1
194
170
139.8
134
127..4
119.9
111.6
102.6
92.7
82.2
70.9
59.1
46.9
34.2
21.3
1.5

Results for Shear wall in 1st and 12th frames


It has also seen from Table 12 that shear force was increased at the ground level in 1st and
12th frames after providing shear wall in 1st and 12th frames.
Table 12: Shear force for shear wall in 1st and 12th frame

Storey

14th
13th
12th
11th
10th
9th
8th
7th
6th
5th

Level

Height
(m)

Roof level
14th Level
14th Level
13th Level
13th Level
12th Level
12th Level
11th Level
11th Level
10th Level
10th Level
9th Level
9th Level
8th Level
8th Level
7th Level
7th Level
6th Level
6th Level
5th Level

52.40
49.05
49.05
45.70
45.70
42.35
42.35
39.00
39.00
35.65
35.65
32.30
32.30
28.95
28.95
25.60
25.60
22.25
22.25
18.90

Shear force in shear wall for load combination


PUSH 2 (In kN )
Step 0
Step 1
Shear wall
Shear wall
Shear wall 1 Shear wall 2
1
2
- 6.179
- 6.179
- 22.726
- 35.795
+ 6.179
+ 6.179
+ 22.726
+ 35.795
- 2.129
- 2.129
- 59.632
- 63.918
+ 2.129
+ 2.129
+ 59.632
+ 63.918
- 2.705
- 2.705
- 91.758
- 91.173
+ 2.705
+ 2.705
+ 91.758
+ 91.173
- 2.799
- 2.799
- 124.576
- 130.178
+ 2.799
+ 2.799
+ 124.576
+ 130.178
- 2.935
- 2.935
- 157.513
- 163.380
+ 2.935
+ 2.935
+ 157.513
+ 163.380
- 3.055
- 3.055
- 190.516
- 196.623
+ 3.055
+ 3.055
+ 190.516
+ 196.623
- 3.165
- 3.165
- 223.456
- 229.782
+ 3.165
+ 3.165
+ 223.456
+ 229.782
- 3.256
- 3.256
- 256.192
- 262.701
+ 3.256
+ 3.256
+ 256.192
+ 262.701
- 3.316
- 3.316
- 288.553
- 295.182
+ 3.316
+ 3.316
+ 288.553
+ 295.182
- 3.325
- 3.325
- 320.312
- 326.960
+ 3.325
+ 3.325
+ 320.312
+ 326.960

503
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

4th
3rd
2nd
1st
Ground

Footing

5th Level
4th Level
4th Level
3rd Level
3rd Level
2nd Level
2nd Level
1st Level
1st Level
Ground
Level
Ground
Level
Footing
Level

18.90
15.55
15.55
12.20
12.20
8.85
8.85
5.50
5.50

- 3.257
+ 3.257
- 3.074
+ 3.074
- 2.702
+ 2.702
- 2.234
+ 2.234
- 0.388

- 3.257
+ 3.257
- 3.074
+ 3.074
- 2.702
+ 2.702
- 2.234
+ 2.234
- 0.388

- 351.159
+ 351.159
- 380.655
+ 380.655
- 408.206
+ 408.206
- 432.798
+ 432.798
- 454.607

- 357.670
+ 357.670
- 386.802
+ 386.802
- 413.608
+ 413.608
- 736.366
+ 736.366
- 455.384

1.50

+ 0.388

+ 0.388

+ 454.607

+ 455.384

1.50

- 1.632

- 1.632

- 477.792

- 474.527

+ 1.632

+ 1.632

+ 477.792

+ 474.527

It has also seen from Table 13 that bending moment was increased at the ground level in 1 st
and 12th frames after providing shear wall in 1st and 12th frames.
Table 13: Bending moment for shear wall in 1st and 12th frame

Storey

14th
13th
12th
11th
10th
9th
8th
7th
6th
5th
4th
3rd
2nd

Level

Height
(m)

Roof level
14th Level
14th Level
13th Level
13th Level
12th Level
12th Level
11th Level
11th Level
10th Level
10th Level
9th Level
9th Level
8th Level
8th Level
7th Level
7th Level
6th Level
6th Level
5th Level
5th Level
4th Level
4th Level
3rd Level
3rd Level
2nd Level

52.40
49.05
49.05
45.70
45.70
42.35
42.35
39.00
39.00
35.65
35.65
32.30
32.30
28.95
28.95
25.60
25.60
22.25
22.25
18.90
18.90
15.55
15.55
12.20
12.20
8.85

Bending Moment in shear wall for load combination


PUSH 2 (In kN )
Step 0
Step 1
Shear wall
Shear wall
Shear wall 1 Shear wall 2
1
2
+ 13.361
+ 13.361
+ 37.465
+ 65.808
- 7.338
- 7.338
- 38.668
- 54.107
+ 3.144
+ 3.144
+ 102.956
- 109.291
- 3.989
- 3.989
- 96.811
- 104.835
+ 4.529
+ 4.529
+ 156.377
- 165.444
- 4.531
- 4.531
- 151.013
- 160.086
+ 4.646
+ 4.646
+ 211.267
+220.565
- 4.731
- 4.731
- 206.064
- 215.529
+ 4.880
+ 4.880
+ 266.199
+ 275.958
- 4.951
- 4.951
- 261.487
- 271.367
+ 5.084
+ 5.084
+ 321.148
+ 331.311
- 5.151
- 5.151
- 317.079
- 327.376
+ 5.272
+ 5.272
+ 375.891
- 386.428
- 5.331
- 5.331
- 372,689
- 383.342
+ 5.431
+ 5.431
+ 430.188
+ 441.045
- 5.476
- 5.476
- 428.056
- 439.004
+ 5.542
+ 5.542
+ 483.739
+ 494.819
- 5.566
- 5.566
- 482.914
- 494.040
+ 5.575
+ 5.575
+ 536.142
+ 547.288
- 5.564
- 5.564
- 536.905
- 548.028
+ 5.487
+ 5.487
+ 586.833
+ 597.804
- 5.422
- 5.422
- 589.551
- 600.392
+ 5.219
+ 5.219
+ 635.012
+ 645.447
- 5.079
- 5.079
- 640.183
- 650.338
+ 4.669
+ 4.669
+ 679.624
+ 688.962
- 4.381
- 4.381
- 687.866
- 696.626

504
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

1st
Ground

Footing

2nd Level
1st Level
1st Level
Ground
Level
Ground
Level
Footing
Level

8.85
5.50
5.50

+ 3.840
- 3.643
+ 1.519

+ 3.840
- 3.643
+ 1.519

+ 720.792
- 729.081
+ 891.424

+ 728.471
- 736.366
+ 894.463

1.50

- 0.035

- 0.035

- 927.003

- 927.073

1.50

+ 1.861

+ 1.861

+ 288.393

+ 284.671

- 0.587

- 0.587

- 428.294

- 427.119

It has been seen from the Table 14 that roof deflection was well within the permissible
deflection for all cases after providing the shear wall in 1st and 12th frames, respectively.
Table 14: Storey drift of shear wall in 1st and 12th frame

STOREY
NO.

ROOF
14TH
13TH
12TH
11TH
10TH
9TH
8TH
7TH
6TH
5TH
4TH
3RD
2ND
1ST
GROUND

Height
(m)

52.40
49.05
45.70
42.35
39.00
25.65
32.30
28.95
25.60
22.25
18.90
15.55
12.20
8.85
5.50
1.50

Storey Drift of shear wall for load


combination
PUSH 2
(mm)
Step 0
0.0031
0.0017
0.0004
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Step 1
102.9
100.1
96.7
92.7
88.1
83.0
77.2
70.9
64.0
56.7
48.8
40.6
32.1
23.4
14.5
1.0

Conclusions
The above study shows the idea about the location for providing the shear wall which was
based on the elastic and inelastic analyses in this paper.
It has been observed that the top deflection was reduced and reached within the permissible
deflection after providing the shear wall in any of the 6th & 7th frames and 1st and 12th frames
in the shorter direction.

505
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building


Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

It has been also observed that the both bending moment and shear force in the 1st and 12th
frame were reduced after providing the shear wall in any of the 6th & 7th frames and 1st and
12th frames in the shorter direction.
It has been observed that the in inelastic analysis performance point was small and within the
elastic limit.
Thus result obtained using elastic analyses are adequate.
Hence, it can be said that shear wall can be provided in 6th and 7th frames or 1st and 12th
frames in the shorter direction.
References
1. Bureau of Indian Standards: IS-875, part 1 (1987), dead loads on buildings and
Structures, New Delhi, India.
2. Bureau of Indian Standards: IS-875, part 2 (1987), live loads on buildings and
Structures, New Delhi, India.
3. Bureau of Indian Standards: IS-1893, part 1 (2002), Criteria for Earthquake
Resistant Design of Structures: Part 1 General provisions and Buildings, New
Delhi, India.
4. Bernhard Cardan (September 1961), Concrete Shear Walls Combined with
Rigid Frames in Multistory Buildings Subject to Lateral Loads, Journal of
American Concrete Institute, 58, pp 299-316,
5. Li Qiusheng, Cao hong and Li Guiqing analysis of free vibrations of tall
buildings ASCE.
6. David V. Rosowsky (November 2002), Reliability-based seismic design of
wood shear walls Journal of Structural Engineering ASCE.
7. SAP2000: Advanced 10.0.5 (2006), static and Dynamic Finite Element Analysis
of Structures, Computers and Structures Inc., Berkeley, CA.
8. Stavros Syngellakis' and Idris A. Akintilo (1991), nonlinear dynamics of
coupled shear walls using transfer matrices ASCE.
9. Maurice W. White and J. Daniel Dolan (1995), Nonlinear shear wall analysis
Technical Notes, Journal of Structural Engineering ASCE.
10. John Bolander Jr. and James K. Wight (1991), Finite element modeling of
shearwall- dominant buildings ASCE.

506
International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 2 2011