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# LESSON EXEMPLAR FOR MATHEMATICS IV

This lesson is intended for Grade 10 students.
III. LEARNING COMPETENCY
Describe some properties of the exponential function,

f ( x )=a x ,

## from its graph

a>1

0<a <1

IV. TIME
1 session
V. TOPIC

VI. ACTIVITY

Paper-Folding Patterns
Take a piece of paper, and fold it in half as many times as you
can. After 1 fold, there will be 2 regions.
How many regions will occur after 3 folds? Four folds? How many
folds are possible? Complete the table below. Imagine that there
is no limit to the number of folds possible.
# of folds
0
1
2
3
4
5

Questions

# of regions

## 2. Describe how the number of regions is related to the number

of folds. Translate this relationship into an algebraic rule. Use this
rule to determine the number of regions given 18 folds.

## 3. Add another heading to the table: Area of the smallest region.

Complete the table under this heading.

## 4. Describe patterns observed in the table. How is the area

related to the number of folds? Describe the relationship
algebraically.

VII. QUESTIONS
VIII. DISCUSSION
IX. ASSESSMENT

## AUTHOR: WINNIE W. POLI

POSITION: MASTER TEACHER 1
DIVISION: SCIENCE CITY OF MUOZ

Fig. 6 Other sample problems that develop function concepts with concrete models

## Number Patterns from Trains of Equilateral Triangles

Using green pattern blocks, form the first three triangles shown
below. Notice that the triangles formed from the equilateral green
triangles are also equilateral.

Questions
1. Construct the fourth triangle in the series. If the unit area is 1
green triangle, what is the area of each of the four triangles built?
Record the resulting areas in the table below:
Triangle number

## 4. It is possible to predict the area of the triangle, given the

triangle number. Describe in words how you could determine the
area of the 20th triangle in the series.

## 5. Translate the rule into an algebraic equation for the nth

triangle in the series.

## 6. The area of an equilateral triangle is 441 green triangles. To

what triangle number would this area be matched? Explain how

## Number Patterns from Cutting String

Fold a piece of string in half. While it is folded, make 1 cut. How many
pieces of string do you have? Continue with another piece of string
folded in half, making 2, 3, 4, and 5 cuts. Complete the table below.

# of cuts

# of pieces
Questions
1. Describe patterns that you observe in the table.

2. Without cutting the string, use the pattern from the table to
determine the number of pieces for 6 cuts, 7 cuts, and then 8 cuts.
Describe how you use patterns in the table to do this. [Find more than
one way to extend the table.]

## 3. It is possible to predict the number of pieces given the number of

cuts? Describe in words how to determine the number of pieces for 20
cuts.

4. What if you had 21 pieces, how many cuts did you make? Describe
how you solved this problem.

## 5. Extension: Fold the string like this:

Predict how many pieces you would have if you made 1 cut, 2 cuts, 3
cuts. Verify your predictions by actually cutting string. Build a table of
data, and record the patterns that you see in the table. Find the pattern
that will predict the number of pieces, if you know the number of cuts.
Adapted from Sobel and Maletsky (1975)
Fig. 1 Problem modeling a linear function

## If a ball is dropped from 160 cm and rebounds to 120 cm on the first

bounce, how
high will the ball be:
a. On the 2nd bounce? [ 90cm ]
b. On the 5th bounce? [ 37.97cm ]
c. On the nth bounce? [ t(n) =160(0.75)n ]
Example 4: Growth
of
bacteria
JC
HL
1.
If
we
bacterium whichby
growth
and cell division
becomes 2
bacteria
after one hour
in
other words
the number
of
bacteria
doubles
every hour
how many of
these bacteria
would
there be
at
the end of
1
day (24 hours)?
2.
Whattype of
growth
is
this
linear,
or
none
of
these?
3.
Would
this growth
increase
indefinitely?
Explain.
(Exponential
growth
wouldnot continue
indefinitely
the bacteria
wouldrun
out of
for
example
nutrients or
space.)
4.
Certain
bacteria
double
in
number
every 20
minutes.
Starting
with a
singleorganism with a
mass of
10-12g,
and
assuming
temperature
and food conditions allowed
it
to
grow
exponentially
for
1
day, what woul