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Hypothesis testing

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A. True or False

1. In hypothesis testing, we assume that some population parameter takes on particular value

before we sample. This assumption to be tested is called an alternative hypothesis (Falsenull hypothesis)

2. Assuming that a given hypothesis about a population mean is correct, the percentage of

sample means that could fall ouside certain limits from this hypothesis mean is called the

significant level (True)

3. In hypothesis testing, the appropriate probability distribution to use is always the normal

distribution (False only if is known or number of sampel > 30)

4. If we were to make a Type I error, we would rejecting a null hypothesis when it is really true

(True)

5. Testing on tha raw scale or the standardized scale will lead to the same conclusion ( True)

6. If 1.96 is the critical value of z, then the significance level of these test is 0.05 (false- The

significant level 0.025)

7. If our null hypothesis are H0 : = 80 and H1: <80, it is appropriate to use a left tailed test

(True)

8. If the standardized sample mean is between zero and the critical value, then you should not

reject H0 (True)

9. The value of 1- is known as the power of the test (True)

10. After performing a one tailed test and rejecting H0, you realized you should have done to a

two tailed test at the same significance level. You will also reject H0 for that test ( False

depend on sample statistic)

11. It is often, but not always, possible to set the value of so that we obtain a risk free trade off

in hypothesis testing ( False- When we use statistic sample for accepting/ rejecting

hypothesis about population is always a risk )

12. You are performing a two tailed hypothesis test on a population mean and have set =

0.05. If the sample statistic fall between the 0.95 area around , you have proved that the

null hypothesis is true (False Do not reject null hypothesis)

13. If hypothesis tests were done with a significance level of 0.60, the null hypothesis would

usually be accepted when it is not true (False- Not usually because we need information

about statistic sample)

14. For a given level of significance, the critical values of t get closer to zero as sample size

increases (True)

15. Hypothesis testing helps us to draw conclusion about estimated parameters (True)

16. A major automobile manufacturer has had to recall several models from 1993 line due to

quality control problems that were not discovered with its random final inspection

procedures. This is an example of,

a. Type I error

b. Type II error

c. Both type I and type II error

d. Neither Type I and type II error

The answer (b)

17. If n = 24 and = 0.05, then the critical value of t for testing the hypothesis H0 : = 38 and

H1 : < 38 is,

a. 2.069

b. 1.714

c. -1.714

d. -2.069

The answer (c)

18. To test hypothesis about the mean of a normal population with a known standard deviation,

we can compare,

a. The observed value of with the critical value of

b. The observed value of with the critical value of z

c. The observed value of z with the critical value of

d. The observed value of z with the critical value of z

e. Either (a) or (d)

The answer (e )

19. If we say that = 0.10 for a particular hypothesis test, we are saying that,

a. Ten percent is our minimum standard for acceptable probability

b. Ten percent is the risk we take of rejecting a hypothesis that is true

c. Ten percent is the risk we take of accepting a hypothesis that is false

d. (a) and (b) only

e. (a) and (c) only

The answer (d)

20. Suppose we wish to test whether a population mean is significally larger or smaller than 10.

We take a sample and find = 8, what should our alternative hypothesis be ?

a. < 10

b. 10

c. > 10

d. Cannot be determines from the information given

The answer (b)

21. Suppose that a hypothesis test is being performed for a process in which a type I error will

be very costly, but a type II error will be relatively inexpensive and unimportant. Which of the

following would be the best choice for in this test

a. 0.01

b. 0.10

c. 0.25

d. 0.50

e. None of these

The answer (a)

22. When using the sample proportion, p, to test the hypothesis H0 : = and H1 : ,

the standatrd error of p is,

a. (1 )/

b. (1 )/

c. (1 )/

d. (1 )/

e. None of these

The answer (c )

23. For a particular test = 0.05, and = 0.10. The power of this test is,

a. 0.15

b. 0.90

c. 0.85

d. 0.95

e. 0.25

f. None of these

The answer (b)

24. For a two tail test of hypothesis at = 0.10, the acceptance region is the entire region

a. To the right of the negative critical value

b. Between the two critical value

c. Outside of the two critical value

d. To the left of the positive critical value

The answer (b)

25. The normal distribution is the appropriate distribution to use in testing hypothesis about

a. A proportion when > 5 and (1 ) > 5

b. A mean, when is known and the population is normal

c. A mean, when is unknown but n is large

d. All of the above

The answer (d)

a. A correct decision has been made

b. A type I error has been made

c. Both (a) and (b) have occurred

d. Neither (a) nor (b) has occurred

e. None of these

The answer (a)

27. When the null hypothesis is H0 : = 42, the alternative hypothesis can be

a. H1 : 42

b. H1 : < 42

c. H1 : = 40

d. H1 : 40

The answer (b)

28. With a lower siginificance level, the probability of rejecting a null hypothesis that is actually

true,

a. Decreases

b. Remains the same

c. Increases

d. All of these

The answer (a)

29. Decision makers make decision on the appropriate significance level by examining the cost

of

a. Performing the test

b. A type I error

c. A type II error

d. (a) and (b)

e. (a) and (c)

f. (b) and (c)

The answer (f)

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