You are on page 1of 84

FOR M TP 2012 155

I·.

CAR IBBE AN

EXA MIN ATIO NS

COU NCIL

ADVA NCED PROF ICIEN CY EXAM INATI ON
CHEM ISTRY - UNIT 2
Paper 01
90 minutes

( 07 JUNE 2012 (p.m.) )
READ THE FOLL OWIN G INSTR UCTIO NS CARE FULLY .

1.
2.
3.

4.

then1.
This test consist s of 45 items. You will have 90 n1inutes to answer
a Data Bookle t.
In additio n to this test bookle t, you should have an answer sheet and
(C), (D). Read each · e
Each itetn in this test has four sugges ted answer s lettered (A), (B),
best.
is
you are about to answer and decide which choice
item and shade the s.
On your answe'r sheet, find the numbe r which corresp onds to your
sample item below.
having the san1e letter as the answer you have chosen . Look at the
Sampl e Iten1

···.!.

··s·

_1~

con1pound?
Which of the follow ing is the HIGHEST energy transiti on in an organic
(A)
(B)
. (C)
(D)

.r

.·;

Satnple Answe r

n to a+
n ton:+

a to a*
1t

ton:*

been shaded.
The best answer to this iten1 is "a to cr*", so answer space (C) has

6.

your new choice.
If you want to change your answer , erase it comple tely and fill in
as careful1y as you can ~f
When you are told to begin, tum the page and work as quickly and
to this item later. Your sc 1 .
you cannot answer an iten1, go on ~o the next one. You n1ay return
will be the total nmnbe r of correct answer s.

7.

You tnay do any rough work in this bookle t.

8.

Figure s are not necess arily drawn to scale.

9.

You n1ay use a silent, non-pr ogranu nable calcula tor to answer iten1s.

5.

...

_ _J

--

-===

~

-==
iiiiiiiiiiil

=

iiiiiiii

DO SO.
DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO
Copyr ight© 2010 Caribb ean Examin ations Counci l
All rightsr eserve d.

l
I

-2-

1.

Which statement is true about C - C bonds?
A double bond is made of a sigma
bond and a pi bond.
There is a higher electron density
between the atoms in a single
bond than in a double bond.
The distance between the nuclei
of the carbon atoms is shorter
in single bonds than in double
bonds.
Single bonds are more reactive
towards most reagents than
double bonds.

(A)
(B)

(C)

(D)

!

3.

The compound which shows both ci - rans
isomerism and optical isomerism is
H

H

"I

c

(A)

H

c
/I'\

I

I I I

I

I

/

c

"I
H

c

I

'\

c= c

!

c

IJ"- H

l

"

/
H

/

I

c

I

--,

/

H

H

l

I

H

I
H-C-H
I

H

"

c

(C)

c

H

H
The IUPAC name for the structure is

(D)

I
H

Cl

Cl

H

(A)
(B)
. (C)

'\

I

H-C-H

2.

I

H

H-C-C -C-C-H

H H

I

C- H
r

H

H

I

Item 2 refers to the following structure.

H H H.

I

!

(B)

H

----,

2- ethyl butane
3 - ethyl butane
2 - methyl pentane
3 - methyl pentane

c

"/ c

/

II'- H

I

H

Br

H

H

"

c

(D)

c

"

/

c
H

/j"H

H

I

H

GO ON TO THE NEXT PA ~,

I

I

-34.

I:,
I:::~

l
l

L

5.

Volatility of organic compound s depends
on the strength of the inten11olecular forces
present. Which compound below would be
the MOST volatile?
(A)
(B)
(C)

CH3 CH2 CH2 0H
CH 3CH2CH2CH3
CH 3CH(CH3 )CH 3

(D)

CH3CH2CH2COOH

I.

II.

III.

l_

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Which of the following alcohols will N The
oxidised by acidified potassium die mate
(VI)?

(A)

~H1 0H

CH1 0H
(B)

In the reaction between ethene and
bron1ine, which statemen ts about the
reaction mechanism are true?

I_

L

6.

I
I

CH- C - H
3

OH

A carbocatio n forn1s in the rate
detennini ng step.
A dative covalent bond forms
between the bron1ide ion and the
carbocatio n.
Heterolyti c fission of the brominebromine bond occurs.

H

I
(C)

CH -CH - C - O H
1

3

I

CH 3

CH 3

I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

(D)

I
I

CH- C - OH
3

CH 3

l_
7.

The equation for the fom1ation of the a aesthetic, CF3CHBrCl, is

l_
Br2

L
l_

> CF3CHBrCl

The type of reaction occun·ing is
(A)
(B)

(C)

(D)

electrophilic substitution
free radical substitution
nuc.Ieophilic addition
nucleophilic substitution

GO ON TO THE NEXT P

r

-48.

Ethanol can be fonned by the fo11owing
reaction

10.

oes
Which of the following compoun
NOT give a white precipitate when h ken
with cold ethanolic silver nitrate?
(A)

The mechanism used is
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

eJectrophilic addition
nucleophilic addition
electrophilic substitution
nucleophilic substitution

Cl

(B)
I
i
i

Iten1 9 refers to folJowing diagram of
Compound A.

I

I

CJ
(C)

0

I
I
I

II
i

(D)

I
I

nc==cn2
Compound A

9.

Which statements are cmTect concerning
Cmnpound A?

I.

II.
111.

(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)

I
11.

It will decolourize aqueous
bromine.
It will decolourize cold, acidified
potassimn pennanganate.
It will produce a silv~r mirror with
Toll en's reagent.
I and Il only
I and 11 I only
II and JII only
I., II and HI

Which of the foJJowing would rei
proton MOST readily?
(A)
(B)

(C)

(D)

12.

CH 3CH 20H
CH.COOH
·'
C"'H 50H
CH 30H

Hydrogen cyanide is more likely to
ethanal but not to ethene because
(A)
(B)

(0)

f

a

I
!

i to

I

i
ethanal is more susceptible Ito
e)ectrophilic attack than et ~:~i,1e
ethan~ I is more susceptible t tl' jee
rsd1caf

(C)

l

attack than ethene

1

ethanal is more susceptib ito
nucleophilic attack than et et~e
the addition product formed '- ~th
ethene would be unstable

I

GO ON TO THE NEXT PA ~.
I

.......

-l J~fl~J1?·''

1;1

- 5-

.

::;i~~

Jten1 13 refers to the following structure of
tyrosine.

16.

I
Which of the following may be elimi ~fed
by calibrating a measuring instrume t I

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

1\~

1

I

i
I

'.:i

17 .

l !'

... ..~

·;;:J:

j·[

Lack of precision
Random en-ors
Systematic errors
Random and systematic erro s

Which of the following is NOT apr
of a prhnary standard?
Does not undergo hydrolysi
Has low relative molecular
Is obtainable in a pure state.
Is very soluble in water.

(A)

13.

The pH of tyrosine is MOST likely

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

14.

2.1
5.6
7.0
9.0

(D)

18.

Which of the following is NOT true of
addition poly1nerisation?
(A)
(B)

(C)

(D)

15.

(B)
(C)

Only one type of polyn1er is
fon11ed.
The 1nolecular mass of the polymer
is a multiple of the monomer
unit.
The polymer is readily hydrolysed
to the monomer.
The physical and chetnical
properties of the polymer are
different fron1 those of the
n1onon1er.

The product fanned by the polymerisation of
propene, C 3H 6 , may be used as a
(A)
(B)
{C)

(D)

fuel
liquid
disinfectant
plastic material

I
1

's.

Which of the following will NOT
the accuracy of the results in a titri
analysis?
(A)

(B)

(C)
(D)

19.

;rty

i

Adding excess water to the c
flask
Blowing the reagent out
pipette tip
Overshooting the calibration
of the volun1etric flask
Purity of reagents

A 300 mg solid sample containing ch
is dissolved in water. The chloride i
precipitated as AgCl by the additi
silver nitrate to the solution of the sa
The precipitate is collected, washed,
and weighed, and found to have a m
525 mg.

(R.A.M. ofCl = 35.5, Ag = 108)

The mass of chloride present in the sat
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

74.2 mg
118.0 mg
129.9 mg
208.0 mg

i
GO ON TO THF. NEXT PA

fli

-620.

Which of the following statements about
gravimetric analysis is NOT true?

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

21.

(A)
(C)
(D)

22.

(C)

(D)

25.

III.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

(C)

(D)

Shot1 wavelength and low energy

fi~equency

Which ofthe following types of electronic
transitions would NOT produce absorption
in the UVNIS region ofthe spectrum?

26.

;s a

large difference in energy b
the bonding and antib
orbitals
large difference in energy b
the bonding and non-b
orbitals
small difference in energy b
the bonding and non-b
orbitals
sma11 difference in energy b
the bonding and antibo
orbitals

Which of the following pairs will NOT
infrared radiation?

I.
II.

Mass spectroscopy
UVNIS spectroscopy
Gas chromatography
Thin-layer chromatography

Long wavelength and high energy
Long wavelength and low
frequency
Short wavelength and high

(B)

23.

(B)

Which two features BEST describe ultraviolet radiation?
(A)

Hexane will not absorb light in the U
region of the spectrum because ther
(A)

Gravimetric analysis is a purely
quantitative method.
Gravimetric analysis never
involves the removal of volatile
components of a solid~
The analyte can be identified after
precipitation and isolation have
occurred.
The amount of analyte lost due
to solvation is assumed to be
negligible.

Which of the following analytical techniques is considered MOST specific for
identification purposes?

(B)

24.

H:! and Cl 2
NH 3 and HBr
CH4 and Br1
I only
11 only
I and III only
II and III only

Which of the following statements ab
patiition coefficient may be true?

l.
I1.

HI.

(A)
(B)
(C)

s __... p*

(A)

p-+ p"'
n __... p*

(B)

{C)

(D)

n-+ s*

(D)

It does not vary with temperat r ;.
The so Jute has to be in the ,1pe
molecular state in both sol e.nts
for it to be a constant.
be
The two solutions have
con centra ted for it to <i' a
constant.

I only
11 only
J and l1 only
I. II and Ill

GO ON TO THE NEXT PA

-...,

-7-

27.

Which of the follow ing is NOT a station ary
phase used in chron1 atograp hy?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

l

30.

Alumi na
Cellulo se
Silica gel
Starch

Which of the followi ng are advant g is of
I
stean1 distilla tion?
I.
II.

Ill.

i
(B)
(C)

I and II only
I andl Ill only
II and III only

(D)

I, 11 and III

(A)

··

Item 28 refers to the followi ng inform ation.

..I
.

A studen t canies out an experim ent using
thin-la yer chron1 atograp hy separat ion on
silica gel and obtains the followi ng results:

j

Compo und
Compo und A
Compo undB
Solven t
28.

(D)

29.

I

I

31.

Distan ce Travel led
(em)

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

0.07
0.16
0.73

0.054
0.54
5.4
54.0

?f a

i

IV.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I, II and III only
I, II and IV only
I, Ill and IV only
I, II, III and IV

III.

0.12

pa1tition coefficient is

l~ors
1

Prox~mity.t~ a potential work o~:ce
Avail ability to a mea s iI of
.
,
transpm 1atwn
Potenti al polluti on of air, lat · nd
water
Proxim ity to raw materials

I.
II.

1.5
9.1
12.5

A solutio n of 10 g of a carbox ylic acid
(weak acid) in 100 cm 3 of water is shaken
3
with 100 cm of ethoxy ethane . It is found
that only 6.5 g of the acid remain s in
aqueou s solutio n at equilib rimn. The

Which of the following are important
to conside r in detenni ning the locati
factory?

I

The Rr value of Compo und A is
(A)
(B)
(C)

I

It occurs under reduce d pre s~re.
The compon ents do not deco 1~ose.
t.
It provid es savings in fuel

32.

Along with silicon dioxide , which
following compou nds constitutes the
impurities of bauxite?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

lron(II) oxide
lron(IIJ) oxide
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide

GO ON TO THF. NF.XT PAr,

-8Item 33 refers to the follo wing fractions of
crud e oil.

I.
II.
III.

IV.
33.

Dies el
Petrol
Refin ery gas
Kero sene

(A)

In the elec troly sis of brin e u ing the·
diap hrag m cell, two by-p rodu c s re
(A)
(B)

chlo rine and oxyg en

(C)

hydr ogen and merc ury
hydr ogen and sodi um h

(D)

The corre ct orde r in tenn s of INCR EAS ING
boiJing poin ts is

(B)
(C)
(D)

37.

38.

I, II, Ill, IV
III,I ,IV, II
III, II, IV. I
IV, II, I, Ill

The prese nce of phos phat e ions ( . 4J-) can
be detec ted usin g
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

34.

Whi ch of the follo wing prod ucts is NOT
prod uced for comm ercia l purp oses by the
e]ectroJysis of conc entra ted brine ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

35.

(B)

(C)
(D)

36.

(A)
(C)

y

Amm oniu m salts
Amm oniu m salts

Naph tha

Air
Air

n.

Naph tha
Amm oniu m salts

IIJ.

IV.

Dete rgent

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I. II and Ill only
1, Ill and lV only
II, Ill and JV only
L 11, JH and JV

(C)
(D)

I.

tion

I

1

.
II p I11tes

s~

Whi ch of the follo wing
sulph uric acid'?

Air

consumption?

l
l
1

J

.ecause

1

I

I

impr ove the flavo ur of ft i
help to enha nce the colo ~f food
inhib it the oxid ation ofun a: trated
fats
by
help to pres erve the
dehy drati on

Fet1ilizer
Paint
Fibre

Whi ch of the follo wing state men ts does
ol
NOT accu rateJ y desc ribe a resul t of ethan

(A)
(B)

(D)

40.

ate( II)

C mnp oun ds o f· su lP.I1~r sue I1 .as.

(B)

X

amm oniu m moly bdat e
pota ssiu m hexa cyan o
solut ion
pota ssium thioc yana te s
sodiun1 thios ulph ate

are used as food addit ives. This
they

Chlo rine
Oxyg en
Hydr ogen
Sodi um chlor ate (V)

In the Bosc h-Ha ber proc ess, N., and H~ can
be obta ined from X and Y respecti~eJy.
T
Whi ch of the follo wing pair s BES
Y?
desc ribes X and

(A)

39.

chlorine and sodium

use

-

Dige stion occu rs in the stom ach.
Natu ral inhi bitio ns are re]ax ed
(redu ced) .
Oxid ation occu rs in the bloo d.
Reac tion time is redu ced.

GO ON TO THE NEX T P

Cftf.

I

.

-9-

.
41 .

'.·

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

_~i

Deni trifying
bacteria

J:l,
1
J1t
·:t.f•. t;;:.:·1

··;o-.:,-•·

'l'i~t···

-·I
_j ·.

_j

A bala nced equa tion for the pho toch emi
deco n1po sitio n of Freo n- II is
CC13F(g)

hr ) 2Cl• (g) + CCI F•

(B)

CC13F(g)

hr > CCl •(g) + F•(g )
3

(C)

CC13 F(g)

hf ) Cl•( g) + CCl F•(g )
2

CC13F(g)

hr ) 3Cl• (g) + CF• (g)

(D)

43.

wr. .._D eca y.

Organic
N

2

4

Plants

J

l

y

J

I

i.i

compounds
Bacteria

Bacteria ...

I
I

~

44.

W would MO ST JikeJy be

(A)
(B)
(C)

cal

(A}

Nitrifying
) bacteria

,
f~~~r

n-11 ,
Aer oso l prop ella nts such as Freo
use of
CC13 F, are of 111ajor con cern beca
e,
thei r photochen1icaJ reac tion with ozon
ere
0 3 • Ultr avio let radi atio n in the strat osph
th(m
ch
whi
,
cals
radi
rine
prod uce s chlo
reac t with ozon e, prod ucin g oxy gen.
42.

atic

Li
!X

J

desc ripti on:

.ii,i·

1

-,
Nitrogen _., N2 ~~--:-:R:-:-ai_n7a_n_d-tt--;r
g
tnin
ligh
fixation ...-l

Amn 1oni a
Car bon diox ide
Met han e
Wat er vap our

Item s 42- 43 refe r to the foll owi ng

j ~ :~~-

Item 44 refe rs to the follo wing sch
diag ram .

nWhi ch of the follo win g is NO T a gree
hou se gas?

(D)
45.

nitrates
nitrites
nitri c(V) acid
amm oniu m salts

Wh ich of the foll owi ng plas tic
biod egra dabl e?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Low dens ity poly ethe ne
Poly then e tere phth alate .
Po1y (3 - hydr oxyb utan o1c ac
Poly viny lchl orid e

~~ re
:

.

1

dO

I
i

on of
A bala nced equa tion for the prod ucti
is
ne
ozo
from
oxy gen
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

0 1(g) + Cl·(g)---.. O(g ) + CIO , •(g)
O~(g) + Cl•(g)---.. CIO •(g) + 0 7 (g)
O~(g) + CI-( g) ~ O(g ) + ClO.,:(g)
O~(g) + CI-(g)---.. O.,(g) + CJO -(g)

END OF TES T
TE ~ ~.
CH EC K YO Uil WO RK ON TH IS

n1
.......'il.....~: .•• ;s ...:,J;..• ,;.,;,D2::u~

ntr " nu

" l n l "l

. I

~

~

m
I

m

m
'j

m
I

m
rn
i
'

~
i

m
T

,

~
I

!

I

,

.J[
.

~

.. · TEST CODE

FOR M TP 2011155
CARIB BEAN

02212 010

MAY/JU NE 2011

EXAM INAT IONS

COUN CIL

ADVAN CED PROFIC IENCY EXAMI NATION

CHEMI STRY- UNIT 2
Paper 01
90 minutes
( 07 .JUNE 2011 (p.m) )
READ THE FOLLO WING INSTRU CTIONS CAREFU LLY.
1.

2.
3.
4.

This test consists of 45 items. You will have 90 minutes to answer them.
In addition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet and a ~ata Booklet.

"

each item
Each item in this test has four suggeste d answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read
best.
is
you are about to answer and decide which choice
the space
On your answer sheet, find the number which correspo nds to your item and shade
below.
item
sample
the
at
Look
havi~g the same letter as the answer you have chosen.
Sample Item.·
vyllich of the follo~ing is tp.e HIGHES T energy transitio n in an org::mic compoun d?

(;A)·
(B)

(t)

·Sample Answer

.n to 0'*
n to 1t*
to cr*
·· 1t to 1t*

:a

CP)... .' ·..
...
-

stanswer to this item is "cr to cr*", so answer space (C) has been shaded.
Th~{l;>e,
. ..
~

'.

5.

_l

6.

fill in your
!(you want to change your answer, be sure to erase your old answer complete ly and
·
new choice.
you can. If
When you are told to begin, tum the page and work as quickly and as carefully as
the omitted
you cannot answer an item, omit it and go on to the next one. You can come back to
answers.
correct
of
item later. Your score will be the total number

7.

You may do a:o.y rough work in this booklet.

8.

Figures are ·not necessar ily drawn to scale.

9.

The use of silent, non-prograrmnl:lble calculato rs is allowed.

DO N.OT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLn TO DO SO.

Copyright © 2010 Caribbea n Examinations Council
All rights reserved .

·

-2-

1.

Which statem ent is true about carbon carbon bonds?
(A)
(B)

(C)

(D)

2.

butane
butene
but-1-ene
but-2-e ne

It is true that an electro phile must have

(A)
(B)
.- (C)
' (D)

4.

A double bond is made of a sigma
bond and a pi bond.
There is a higher electro n density
betwee n the atoms in a single
bond than in a double bond.
The distanc e betwee n the nuclei
of the carbon atoms is shorter in
single bonds than in double bonds.
Single bonds are more reactiv e
toward II\ost reagen ts than double
bonds. ·

a positiv e charge
a negativ e charge
a non-bo~~ng electro n
.an oxygen or nitroge n atom

; The c9rrect IUPAC name for the structural
: formul
a
. ·: .
.·~

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

2, 2, 4-trime thyl pentan e
2, 2, 4-trime thyl octane
2, 4, 4-trime thyl pentan e
2, 4, :4-trimethyl octane

In the reactio n betwee n the ethene and
bromin e, which statem ent(s) about the
reaction mecha nism may be true?
I.

II.

III.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

When butan-1-ol is dehydr ated in a suitable
piece of apparatus, the produc t is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

3.

5.

6.

A carboc ation forms in the rate

determining step.
A dative covale nt bond forms
between the bromid e ion and the
carbocation;
Heterolytic fission of the brominebromin e bond occurs.
I only
I and II only
II and III only
I, II and III

Which of the follow ing compo unds is
MOST likely to underg o hydroly sis?

(C)
(D)

Cl -<Q >- Cl

l

I

-3-

7.

Which of the following is a pair of optical isomers?
CH3

CH3

l

I

. HO-C-C H3

CH3-C- OH

(A) .

I

I

CH3

CH3

H

H

I

I

C~Hs-C-OH

(B)

I

HO-C-C 2Hs

I

(~

CH3

CH3
H

I

H H

I I

H

H

H H

I

I

I

I

I

I

H-C-C -C-C-O H

(C)

I

H

I

H

I

H

CH3H

I

I

I

I

H-C-C -OH

(D)

CH3H

8.

H

I

H

I

HO-C- C-C-C -H

I

H

H H

H

CH3

I

I

H

I

HO-C-C -CH3

I

H

I
CH3

Hydrog~n cyanide adds to ethanal but not to ethene because

·.~thanal is more susceptible to electrophilic attack than ethene

(A) .·

(B' · · :·ethanal is more susceptible to free radical attack than ethene
(C)· .. _. ethanal is rn:ore susceptible to nucleophilic attack than ethene
CP,)· ·.:··:.:the addition·product formed with ethene would be unstable
.

.·:

to,'

..

~

.•

I

.

{i()

()l\T T() Tl-TP 1\TP YT PAn H'

-4-

Item 9 refers to the molecule shown in the
following diagram.

At which of the carbon atoms (indicated

11.

by an arrow and labelled (A), (B), (C) and
(D)) in the molecule below is nucleophilic
attack MOST likely?

0

~0

H

.

(C)

9.

I.

m.

It will decolourize bromine.
It will be oxidized by hot aqueous
acidified K.MnO4 •
It will give a positive test with

CD)

2

~

'---------- (A)
(B)

12.

The complete reaction of phenol with
aqueous bromine is characterised by a
(A)

Tollen's reagent.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

A\CH Br

~CH 3

The above molecule is responsible for the
flavour in spearmint bubble gum. Which
statements about it are correct?

II.

"c /

(B)

I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, Ilandill

(C)
(D)

brown precipitate, a brown solution
and a sweet smell
brown precipitate, a colourless
solution and a sweet smell
white precipitate, a colourless
solution and an antiseptic smell
white precipitate, a brown solution
·and an antiseptic smell

·Item 10 refers to the following reaction.
13.

~Br

Which of the following is NOT true about
condensation polymerisation?
(A)

(B)

10.

;The. pn;>duct of the following reaction is

f.oml.ed by
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

free radical substitution
nucleophilic substitution
elimination reaction
electrophilic substitution

(C)

(D)

The molecular mass of the polymer
is a multiple of the combined
masses of its monomers.
The polymer can be hydrolysed to
form its monomers.
Tht? polymer has physical and
chemical properties that differ
from the monomer units.
Small molecules are eliminated
during the condensation process.

i

- 5-

I

_l

14.
i

Which of the following compounds would
release a proton MOST readily?
(A)

CH3 CH2 0H

(B)

C~COOH

(C)

C6H 50H

(D)

CH30H

18.

Which of the following graphs illustrates
the titration of dilute sulphuric acid with
potassium hydroxide solution?
(A)

14b:C
14lL

pH

7

Vol of~ so,.

(B)
15.

A sample of an organic compound with a
mass of 0.816 g w~s completely burned
in oxygen and fourid to produce 1.55 g of
carbon. dioxide and 0.955 g of water only.
The empirical formula of the compound is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

16.

7

Vol ofH1 S04

(C)

C2H60

:cP)

CzHz04
C 4H 80

(D)

Burette
. Beaker
.~ Pipette
'· Measur~g cylinder

Volof~S04

19.

Which of the following statements about
gravimetric analysis is NOT true?
(A)
(B)

;2-5·:1, ': :25.2,

(C)

--;.,

24.9,

24.8

;The standard deviation of the readings
above is

(B)

(C)
(D)

0.10
0.13
0.15
0.18.

14LC

pH

7

Item 17 refers_ to: the following burette
r~ad~g~:

(A)

14~
Vol of H 2 S04

. ~'

17.

pH

7

C2H402

Which of the following pieces of apparatus
possesses the HIGHEST degree of uncertainty in measuremen t?
(A)
_.(B)
(C)

pH

(D)

Gravimetric analysis is a purely
quantitative method.
Gravimetric analysis never involves
the removal of volatile components of a solid.
The analyte can be identified after
p:r;ecipitation and isolation have
occurred.
The amount of analyte lost due to
solvation is assumed to be negligible.

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

-6-

20.

Treatment of a 10.00 g sample containing
a chloride salt with excess silver nitrate
solution produced 8.08 g of silver chloride.
(Ag = 108, Cl = 35.5)

23.

Hexane will not absorb light in the
UV/visible region of the spectrum because
there is a
(A)

The expression for the percentage of
chloride in the sample is

(B)

(A)

143.5 X 8.08
35.5 X 10.00

X

100

(B)

35.5 X 10.00
143.5 X 8.08

X

100

(C)

35.5
143.5

X

8.08
10.00

143.5

X

1Q.Q0

35.5

X

8.08

(C)

:

(D)

X

X

100

X

100

(D)

24.

21.

Which of the following will NOT affect
the accuracy ofthe results in a titrimetric
analysis?

v-

I.

Purity of reagents
Adding excess water to the conical
flask
Blowing the reagent out of the
pipette tip
Overshootj.ng the calibration mark
of the voll:unetric flask

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

Which of the following pairs do NOT
absorb infrared radiation?

II.

;>"1.:>

large difference in energy between
the bonding and antibonding
orbitals
large difference in energy between
the bonding and non-bonding
orbitals
small difference in energy between
the bonding and non-bonding
orbitals
small difference in energy between
the bonding and antibonding
orbitals

~OandHI

rv.

III.

H 2 and Cl2
NH3 and HCl
N 2 and Br2

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

-I and III only
I and IV only
II and III only
II and IV only

:' ..
22.

· The structural features which cause
:: ~~sorj}tion in the_· UVNIS region of the
· ¢.:t~·c~otnagnetic spectrum are known as

..

'

.

·:·f

. (~)· : -cr bonds
1.·03) · cbromophores
isolated 1t bonds
:(C)
(D)
lone pairs of electrons

25.

In which of the following processes is
infra-red spectroscopy MOST likely used?
I.
II.
III.

Monitoring atmospheric pollution
Breath-alcohol analysis
Quantitative analysis

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I only
II only
I and II only
I and III only

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

l
;.
I

-7-

26.

,_._

In the mass spect rome ter, a mole cular ion
is form ed from a comp ound by

27.

(A)
(B)

loss of a proto n
gain of an elect ron
loss of an elect ron
fragm entat ion of the comp ound

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Whic h of the follo wing is NOT a visualising
agen t in chrom atogr aphy ?

(C)
(D)

Cellu lose
Iodin e
Ninhydrin
Ultra viole t light

ethanol,
whic h is obtai ned when a 1 : 1: 1 : 1 mixtu re of
Item 28 refer s to the follo wing chrom atogr am
sed by gas-l iquid chromatography.
propa n-1-o l, butan -1-ol and hexa n-1-o l is analy
I
II

m
I Ethan ol

IV

II Prop an -1- ol
III Buta n -1- ol

N Hexa n -1- ol

5

0

28.

10

Reten tion time (min )

Whic h i,omp ound is .present in the IDGH EST
i,'

1

conc entra tion?

I

Ethan ol
(A)'
$): . · ·Buta n-1-o l
(C): . Hexa n-1-o l ·
(D)'· · <" ·_Propan-1-ol .·
.

• '·! .

.

•.

GO ON TO THE NEX T PAG E

I

l

-8-

I.

Item 29 refers to the following boiling point composition curves for three mixtures ..

I.

II

c _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ - - · - -

I

II

III

Which of the following CANNOT be completely separated by fractional distillation?

29.

I only
II only
I and II only
II and III only

(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)

Which of the following statements about a
partition coefficient may be true?

30.

I.

n..
-III.
t

~

.' ..
••

31.

It does not vary with temperature.
The solute has to be in the same
molecular state in both solvents
for it to by a constant.
··The two ·-solutions have to be
.: · ·concentrated for it to be a constant.

\Vhich of the following are important
factors to consider in determining the
location of a factory?
L
II.

III.
Iv.

,{1\).

::cfi3).

..

C¢Y>
CD} ..-:

I only
II only
I and II only
I, II and :Q:I

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Proximity to raw materials
Proximity to a potential workforce
Potential pollution of air, land and
water
Availability to a means of transportation

I,
I,
I,
I,

II and III only
II and IV only
III and IV only
II, III and IV
,•

32.

When extracting aluminium from its
bauxite ore, the bauxite is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

electrolysed
heated with carbon
dissolved in molten cryolite to
reduce the melting point
dissolved in molten cryolite to
reduce electricity costs

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

l

- 9I

I.
i

33.

Which of the following is represented by
C 1 - C 4 hydrocarbons?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

36.

Kerosene
Diesel oil
Gasoline
Refinery gas

Which of the following conditions would
favour the forward reaction?

I.

III.
IV

34.

35.

Diesel
Petrol
Refinery gas
Kerosene

I, II, Ill, IV
Ill, I, IT, IV
III, II, I, IV
III, II, IV, I

(~);.

I only
I and II only
II and III only
I, II and III

Item 37 refers to the manufacture of
chlorine by the electrolysis of brine using
the diaphragm cell.

37.

The anode is made up of
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

The essential ~onditions for the Haber process
are
(A)

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

IT.

The correct order in terms of increasing
boiling point is

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

III.

Low pressure
Excess oxygen
Low temperature

I.

Item 34 refers to the following fractions of
crude oil.

IT.

In the production of sulphuric acid by the
contact process the following exothermic
· reaction takes place:

steel
graphite
platinum with a coating of asbestos
titanium wi~h an inert coating of
ruthenium (IV) oxide

?- Atm pressure, 400 oc, iron catalyst

· 2 Atm pressure, 450 oc, no catalyst

Cfl. . f'OO Atm pr~ssure, 450 °C, iron
.. . ::catalyst
(Dji . : .. 200 Atm pressure, 1000
.(. · ·. _: -~atalyst

oc,

no

38.

For which TWO of the following industrial
products is chlorine MOST widely used in
their manufacture?
I.
II.
III.
IV.

Solvents
Sodium chloride
Poly'Viny!chloride
Chlorofluoroca rbons

(A)

I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
II and IV only

(B)

(C)
(D)

- 10-

Which of the followi ng industr ies use
sulphur ic acid?

39.

I.
II.
IIi.
IV.

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

43.

Fertiliz er
Paint
Fibre
Deterge nt

(A)
,(B)

I, II and III only
I, III and IV only
II, III and IV only
I, II, III and IV

(C)

Which of the following is a disadvantage
of using chlorine for water purification?

40.

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

Chlorin e promote s eutrophication.
Chlori ne contrib utes to the
depletio n of the ozone layer.
Toxic chlorin ated hydroc arbons
may be formed.
Toxic chlorin e gas may threaten
nearby homes.

(D)

44.

. I.

II.
III.

.

(A)
(B)

PCP4

(C)
(D)

Global warmin g
Photoch emical smog
Greenhouse effect
I only
II only
I and III only
I, II and III

''·.

45 .

.··:Iv.·
·. . ..

CI-

.·...
. .. (A).· .. I and II only
; :. (B) ·: ' I and Ill only
I, II and III only
... (C)
I, II, III and IV
. (D)

42.

the chlorine radical is more reactive
than the fluorine radical
the fluorine radical is more reactive
than the chlorine radical
the bond enthalp y of the C - Cl
bond (340 kJ mol- 1) is less than
that of the C - F bond (484 kJ
mol- 1)
the bond enthalp y of the C - Cl
bond corresponds to the energy
of the ultraviolet radiation

Which of the following may be a result of
light-induced reaction of pollutants in the
air?
I.

Which of the following ions are significant
contributors to eutrophication?

41.

When chlorofluorocarbons are ilnpacted by
ultraviolet radiation, chlorine radicals are
formed in preference to fluorine radicals.
This occurs in the upper atmosp here
because

Which of the follow ing plastic s are
biodegradable?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Polythene terephthalate
Low density polyethene
P-oly (3 - hydroxybutanoic acid)
Polyvinylchloride

Which of the following compounds is NOT
a primary pollutant?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D).

Carbon monoxi de
Nitroge n dioxide
Nitroge n monoxi de
Sulphur dioxide

ON THIS TEST.
IF YOU FINIS H BEFO RE TIME IS CALL ED, CHEC K YOUR WORK

-2-

1.

Which of the following pairs of formulae is
true for butanoic acid?

Molecuhnr
lFon·nu.nla
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)
2.

C4Hs02
C4H60z
C4Hs02
C4H80

EmpJirical
Formula

(C)
(D)

H

H

""
/

(A)

CH20
CH2 0
. C 2H 4 0

C 2H 4 0

H

Cotnbustion analysis of 0.18 g of an organic
cmnpound produces 0.396 g of carbon dioxide
· and 0.216 g of water. The empirical formula
of the compound, given that it contains
carbon, hydrogen and oxygen only, is
(A)
(B)

The compo_und which shows both cis-trans
isomerism and optical isomerism is

3.

c

c
/j"'H

/

c

H

""/ c
H

H

Cl

"c
c

I" H

C4 H80

/

c

"

/

H. / H

CzHs04
C3H 80

" "
Br

Cl

(B)

/
C-H

C-H

/

"

H

Cl

C6Hl60z
H

H

"" c

(C)

/I"Br

H

·,w··

(D)

.,

c
H

c

/

c

H

/

H

"

H

H

H

H

c

/

/I"- H
H

""/ c c

/

"
/

H

C-H

"

H

H

- 3-

4.

When propane reacts with CI 2 (g) in the
presence of sunlight, two possible monosubstituted products, 1-chloropropane and
2-chloropropane are formed. What is the ratio
of 1-chloropropane to 2-chloropropa.ne?
(A)

1:2

(B)

1:3

(C)

2:1
3: 1

(D)

7.

· The equation for the formation of the
anaesthetic, CF3CHBrCI. is
CF·3CH2Cl

3

(A)
(B)
(C)

electrophilic substitution
free radical substitution
nucleophilic addition
nucleophilic substitution

The formula, C6 ~5 COOH. indicates that
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

6.

.CF CHBrCI.

The type of reaction occurring is

(D)

5.

Brz --j.

an acid group is present
the componnd is ketone
the cotnpound is derived from hexane
seven carbon atoms are arranged in
a chain

8.

The mechanism used is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

In the reaction between ethene and bromine,
which statements about the reaction
mechanism may be ttue?
I.

II.

III.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

A carbocation fonns in the rate
detennining step.
A dative covalent bond forms
between the bromide ion and
.ethene.
Heterolytic fission of the brominebromine bond occurs.

I only
land II only
II and III only
I, II and III

Ethanol can be formed by the following
reaction:

1'1tf··

electrophilic addition
nucleophilic addition
electrophilic substitution
nucleophilic substitution

-49.

2-hydr oxy- 2 -tneth ylprop anoic acid c~m befon ned from propan

one in the two steps, illustrated below.

St~ep X

>

J

CH3 -C-C =N

StepY

. I ..

>

Which of the follow ing statem ents about these steps may be

10.

I
OH

Step X involves nucleophilic addition.
Aqueo us potass ium cyanid e is the reagen t in Step X.
Step Y involves hydrolysis.

(A)
(B)
(C)

!only
I and II only
II and III only
I, II and III

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Butan e
EU1a.nol
Ethene
Ethano ic acid

11.

. "'OH

true?

L
II.
III.

Which of the following compounds will NOT
decolotnizebromine water but will decoloUlize
potass ium manga nate(V ll) on wanni ng?

4

CH3 -c- c

OH

(D)

O

CH3

CH3

A compo und, X, reacts with
I.

II.

III.

2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH )
to give an orang e precip itate
Fehlin g's soluti on to give a red
precip itate
aqueous alkaline iodine to give yellow

crysta ls
Comp ound X is MOST likely

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

CH2 COCH 3

@-cuo

-5-

hem 13 refers to the following structure of
tyrosine.

Ite1n 1Z refers to the following reaction.

co2 n:

c&Br

I

.iHlzN-~-- JHi

ClHI:z

12.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Jl4.

an elimination reaction
electrophilic substitution
free radical substitution
nucleophilic substitution

Olffi

13.

The pH of tyrosine is MOST likely
(A)

2.1

(B)

5.6

(C)
(D)

7.0
9.0

Which of the following is NOT true of addition polymerisation?
(A)

(B)
(C)
(D)

15.

¢

The product of the following reaction is
fonned by

Only one type of polymer is formed.
The molecular mass of the polymer is a multiple of the monomer unit.
The polymer is readily hydrolysed to the monomer.
the monomer.
The physical and chemical properties of the polymer are different from those of

Which of the following is t:J.ue for starch and glucose?
Sta.:rd11

""!t:r..a.,

Ghncos~

(A)

High solubility in water

High solubility in water

(B)

Low solubility in water

Low solubility in water

(C)

Gives blue/black colour with iodine

Gives blue/black colour with iodine

(D)

No reaction with Fehling's solution

Reduces Cu2+ in Fehling's solution to red/brown CuzO

GOON TOTH RNRX TPAGE

-616.

Whic h of the follow ing sets of titrati on
readin gs is the MOS T precis e?
(A)

25.1

25.5

25.1

25.2

(B)

24.9

24.5

25.2

25.4

(C)

25.0

25.0

24.9

24.8

24.5

24.8

24.6

(D)

17.

25.0

20.

The expre ssion for the perce ntage of chlori de
in the sampl e is

(A)

Whic h of the follow ing is NOT a prope rty of
a prima ry standa rd?
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

Treat ment of a 10.00 g samp le conta ining a
chloride salt with ex:cess silver nitrate sol ution
produ ces 8.08 g of silver chlori de.
(Ag= 108, Cl = 35.5)

Does not under go hydro lysis
Low relative molec ular mass
Obtai nable in a pure state
Very solubl e in water

3
What is the conce ntrati on (tnol dm- ) of an
aqueo us soluti on that conta ins 63.3g of
3
K 3 Fe(CN ) 6 in 1.0 dm of soluti on? [The
relative formu la mass ofiSF e(CN ) 5 is 329.2.]

(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)

19.

21.

1.92 x 1o- 1
2.95 X 1()4
3.11

X

35.5x 8.08 x 100
108><10.00

(C)

35.5x lO.OO xlOO
143.5 x8.08

(A)

1

(B)
(C)
(D)

Natur ally occur ring Elem ent X has four
54
53
isotop es: 50X, 52:X, X and X. They hav~
perce ntage abund ance of4.3 1, 83.76 , 9.55/··
and 2.38 respec tively .
What is the relativ e atomi c tnass of X?
(A)
(JB)
(C)

52.00
52.06
52.25

(D)

53.00

22.

35.5x 8.08 ><lOO

143.5 xl0.0 0

A comp ound absor bs light of freque ncy 940
MHz. The wave length . in em. of the light
1
8
absor bed is (c = 3.0 x 10 m s· )

l0-3

5.77 X lo-

108X 8.08

(B)

(D)

13.

35.5X l0.00 xlOO

31.91

31.91 X lQ-2
31.91 X lo- 1
31.91 X 1()"

Which two fean.u·es BEST descri be ultrav iolet
radiation?
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

Long wavel ength and high energ y
Long wavel ength and low freque ncy
Short wavel ength and hlgh frequency
Short wavel ength and low energ y

GO ON TO THE NEX T PAGE

23.

(A)o

-7-

(B)o~

24.

(B)

(C)

(D)

27.

III.
IV.
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

Which of the following is NOT a stationary
phase used in chromatography?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

cL
cL
L [X]
L [X]

H 20 and HI

H 2 and Cl 2
Nl-13 and HB r
CH4 and Br2
I and III only
I and IV only
II and III only
II and IV only

Sample X

(D)

Cellulose
Silica gel
Starch

Sample X is a mixture of substances. X was
separated into its components using paper
chromatography simultaneously with
individual samples of e, f, g and h. The
chromatograph produced is shown below.

Which of the following species is NOT a·,,.~
significant fragment from the mass spectrum
of ethanol?
(A)
(B)
(C)

Alumina

Item 28 refers to the following information.

Which of the following pairs do NOT absorb
infrared radiation?
I.
II.

26.

log 10 (I/1) = E
1ogiO (IIlo) = E
log 10 (!0 /I) = E
1og 10 (I/10 ) = E

A. max ?

/}

Which ofthe following equations goven1s the
determination of an unknown compound, X,
in a solution by UVNIS spectroscopy?
(A)

25.

(C)o (D)o

vVhich of the following alkenes has the wavelength of maximtun absorption,

C 2H 5 0H+
CzHs+
CH3+
OH+

28.

e

f

g

h

Which substances are MOST likely present
in Sample X?
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

e, f, g
e,f, h
e,g,h
e, f, g, h

- 8-

29.

k
A solu tion of 10 g of a carb oxyl ic acid (wea
3 of wate r is shak en with
acid ) in J 00 cxn
n.ly
100 cm3 of etho xyet hane . It is foun d thato
tion
solu
ous
6.5 g of the acid remains in aque
is
at equi libri um. The patti tion coef ficie nt
(A)

(B)
(C)

(D)

31.

rs
Whi ch of the follownng are impo rtan t facto
a
of
tion
loca
the
ing
nnin
to cons ider in dete
facto ry?

I.
II.

0.05 4
0.54
5.4
54

HI.
IV.
(A)
(B)

s
!tern 30 refe rs to the follo wing appa ratu
ons.
arati
prep
used in orga nic

(C)
(D)

32.

(C)

(D)

s
For whic h of the follo wing is the appa ratu
NOT suita ble?
(A)
(B)

(C)

(D)

Con yers ion of phe nyla min e to
bew.....enediazonium chloride
Con vers ion of buta n .._, 1 - ol to
1 - brom obut ane
Oxi dati on of prop an - 2 - ol to-"
propanone

33.

I, II and III only
I, II and IV only
I, III and IV only
I, II, III and IV

the
The extr actio n of aluminiuxn invo lves
in
d
olve
diss
ite
baux
fied
puri
of
sis
elec troly
IN
mol ten cryo lite, Na 3 AIF6 . The MA
purp ose of the cryo lite is to
(A)
(B)

3({).

Prmdmity to a pote ntial work forc e
Ava ilab ility to a xnea ns of
transportation
Pote ntial poll utio n of air, land and
wate r
Prox imit y to raw mate rials

prev ent the oxid ation of the anod es
increase the electrical conductivity of
the melt
redu ce the: Inel ting poin t... of the
mixture
prev ent the reox idat ion of the
· alwniniurn form ed at the cathode

the
In the fractional disti llati on of crud e oil,
on
d
base
rated
sepa
are
s
tion
diffe rent frac

their
(A)
(B)

0Jlid ation of meth anol to meth anoi c

(C)

acid

(D)

34.

polarity
volatility
viscosity
solubility

d
Pen nentation of sugars to alcohol is controlle
as
n
know
ly
ctive
colle
tnes
by a sexies of enzy
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

amylase
lipase
sucr ase
zym ase

GO ON TOT HEN EXT PAG E

-935.

In the Bosch-Haber process, N2 and H 2 can
be obtained from X andY respectively. Which
of lhe: following pairs BEST describes these
sources?

X
(A)
(B)

36.

Ammonium
salts
Ammonium
salts

38.

y

(A)
(B)
(C)

Naphtha

(D)

Air

Naphtha

(D)

Air

Ammonium
salts

39.

I.
II.
III.

Which of the following ate consequences of
the consmnption of alcohol?

II.
III.

Depresses the central nervous
system
May cause liver disease
Reduces manual dexterity

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

V\fhich of the following industries use
sulphuric acid?

IV.
(A)
(B)

(C)

(D)
40.

In the electrolysis of brine using the
diaphragm cell, two by-products are

(A)

chlorine and oxygen

(B)
(C)
(D)

chlorine and sodimn
hydrogen and mercury
hydrogen and sodiwn hydroxide

·Fettilizer
Paint
Fibre
DetergentI, II and III only
I, III and IV only
II, III and IV only
I, II, III and IV

The biological oxygen demand (BOD) of
water measures the amount of oxygen
(A)
(B)

37.

HClO
CaCI 2
NaClO
NaC103

Air

(C)

I.

Chlorine is the active component for
swimming pool disinfectants, although it is a
poisonous gas. Which salt below is used as a
safe chlorine source?

(C)

(D)

present in a fKxed volume of water
produced by aquatic plants in
photosynthesis
needed by microorganisms as they
decompose organic matter
used by aquatic organisms during
respiration

.

; .,

- 10-

The pres ence of pho spha te ions (PO /-)
be dete cted usin g

4JL

(A)
(B)

(C)

(D)

ram
Item 44 refe rs to the sche mat ic diag
below.

can

arrunoniwn molybdate
sodi wn th.iosulphate
pota ssiu m thiocyanate solution
pota ssiu m hex acy ario ferr ate( Il)
solution

,_~fi,_x-a~tion

Den itriz ying
bact eria

j

~

Nitrifying
bact eria

Org anic

N2

olyt ic
. Chl orof luor oca rbon s und ergo hom
in
light
et
viol
ultra
to
fission by bein g expo sed
the stra tosp here .

42.

Rain and
ligh tnin g

Nitro~

~

Plan ts

com pou nds

Bacteria

z

Bac teria

Cl?
Whi ch radical coul d result from CI-IzFCF2
(A)
(B)
(C)

"CH2CF2Cl
CH2F"C F2

(D)

CH2F"C FCI

44.

W wou ld MO ST likel y be
(A)
(B)
(C)

"CH FCF2 Cl

(D) ·

43.

on
Wh ich of the foll owi ng stat eme nts
?
true
is
cts
effe
l
envi ronm enta
(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Gre enh ouse effe ct lead s to glob al
wan ning .
Glo bal war min g leads to greenhouse
effe ct.
Pho toch emi cal smo g lead s to global
warm ing.
Eutr oph icat ion lead s to gree nho use
·
effe ct.

IFY OU F!N JI§l t-IB EJl. iOR ET! ME ISC

0221 201 O/C APE 20 l 0

45.

nitrates
nitri tes

nitric(V) aci.d
amm oniu m salts

, is
The burn ing of poly viny lchl orid e, PVC
ique
tedm
osal
con side red an imp rope r disp
beca use PVC
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

form s toxi c prod ucts
caus es acid rain
dest roys the ozo ne laye r
has a very high mel ting poin t

AL LED ,CH ECJ KY OU l-tW OR JI'O NT

illS 'IES T.,

.,.,.,/

TESTCODE02212010

FORMTP 2009158

1vfAY/JUNE2009

CARIBBE AN EXAMINA TIONS

COUNCIL

ADVANCED PROFICIENC YExAM1:NA TION
CHEMISTRY - UNIT 2

.

PaperOl

90minutes

(o9 JUNE 2009

(p.m.D

READ TBE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY .
1.
. 2.

This test consists of45 items. You will have 90minutesto answerthem.
In addition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet.

3.

Do notl;>e concerned that the answer sheetprovides spaces formore answers than there are items
in this test.

4.

Eachiteminthis te:Stbasfoursug gestedanswersl ettered(A),(B); (C),{D). Readeachitem you
are about to answer and decide which choice is best. ·

5.

On your answer sheet, find thenumberwhic hcorrespondsto your item andsb.aciethe spacehavmg

the same letter as the answer you hav~ chosen. Look at the sample item below.
Sample Item

Wbichofthe following is the HIGHEST energy transition in an organic compound?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Sa.mpleAnswer

n to cr*
n to 1t*
cr to cr*
1t to 1t*

@®G@

The best answer to this item is "cr to cr*", s6 answer space (C) has been shaded.

7.

Ifyou want to change your answer erase it completely before you fill in your new choice.
When you are told to begin, turn the page and work as quickly and as carefully as you can. Ifyou
cannot answer an item, omit it and go on to the next one. Your score will be the total number of
correct answers.

8.

You may do any rough work in this booklet

9.

Figures_ are not necessarily dra\ltn to scale.

10.

The use ofnon-program mable calculators is allowed.

6.

.I

--

·-

-=
i iiiiii

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

-

-

Copyright© 2009 Carib beanExarninatio ns Council.
All rights reserved.

" """'"Z'

~

iii.iii

-

0221201 O/CAPE2009

-.21.

Volatility of organic compo11nds depends on
the strength of the intennolecu lar forces

5.

present Which compound below would be
the MOST volatile?
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

2.

(D)

3.

CH3 CH2 C:t~COOH

6.

m.

The couect IUPAC name for the structural
formwa

I

CH3 CH3

I

I

H-C-CC H2CHCH3

I
H
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

~(aq)

NaOH (aq)
KMnO 4 (acidified)

bromine, which statements about the reaction
mechanism. may be true?

IT.

C 3H 8 0

Br2 (aq)

In the reaction between the ethene and

L

C4H 1 0
C 2H 1 0 4
~6HI60l

H

4.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

CH3 CH2 C~OH
C~CH 2 CH2 C~
CP~CH(CH 3)CH3

Combustion analysis ofO.l S g of an organic
compound produces 0396 gofcarbon dioxide
and0.216 gofwater. The empirical formula
of the compound, given tb.S.t it contains
carboil, hydrogen and oxygen only, is
(A)
(B)
(C)

A motorist suspects that his gasoline is
contaminated \vith ethanol. Which reagent
can the motorist use to detect the presence
of ethanol?

A carbocatio n forms in the rate
detmnining step.
A dative covalent bond forms
between the bromi~ ion and the
carbocati.on.
Heterolytic fission of tb«~ brominebromine bond occurs.

(A)

Ionly

(B)
(C)
(D)

I and ll only
!Iandillon ly
I, II and ill

is

I

7.

CH3

Which ofthe following does NOT descnbe a

nucleophile?

-~ 2, 4-trimethyl pentane

2, 2, 4-trim.ethyl octane
2, 4, 4-trimethyl pentane
2, 4, 4-trimetbyl octane

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Lewis acid
Lewis base
Species with a lone pair
Reagent which attacks electron
deficient sites in molecules. ·

Which of the following compounds show
optical activity?

I.
II.

m.

~CH(OH) COOH

HOCH = CHOH .
~CH (CI) c~

N.

HC(Br)IC l

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I and II only

.

I and N only
ll and m only
.illandlVo nly.

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
. 02212010/CAPE2009

-38.

2-hydroxy- 2 - methylpropan oic acid can be formed from p~opanone in two steps, illustrated below.
CH3

I
I

CH3 -C-C:::N

).

Step Y

OH

Which of the following statements about these steps may be true?

ill.

Step X involves nucleophilic addition.
Aqueous potassium cyanide is the reagent in Step X.
Step Y involves hydrolysis.

(A)

Ionly

(B)
(C)

ITandillonly

I.
IT.

(D)

I and II only
I, II and m

Item 10 refers to the following reaction.

Item 9 refers to the following reaction.

Reagent

>
Br

9.

The reagent in the above reaction is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

11.

Br2 I sunlight
Br2 I FeBr3

Concentrated ~S04 I cone. HN0 3
Concentrated HCl/ Sn

10.

The product of the following reaction is
formed by
(A)
(B)
(C)

(I))

free radical substitution
mtCleophilic substitution
an elimination reaction
electrophilic substitution

Which of the following compounds is the strongest acid?

GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE
02212010/CA PE2009

-.4-

12.

e inducti ve and negative
\Vbich ofthe following options is correct for the conjugative, positiv
below?
res
structu
the
inducti ve effect, shown by
OH

t

Q

@ lo~L

I

H - C--7- 0

I

H

(A)

Negative inductive
effect

Positive inducti ve
effect

Conjug ative
effect ·

(B)

Conjugative
effect

Negati ve inducti ve
effect

Positive induct:i:ve --

(C)

Negati ve :inductive
effect

Conjug ative
effect

Positive inductive
effect

(D)·

Positive inductive

Conjugative
effect

Negati ve inductive
effect

effect

13.

70

R

'Which of the follow ing is NOT 1rue about

condensation polymerisation?
(A)

(B)
(C)

(D)

Themo lecular mas8 ofthep olyme r
is a multiple oftb.e combined. masses
ofits monomers.
The polym er can be hydrol ysed to
form its monome.r:s.
The polym er has physic al and
chemical properties that differ from
the monomer units.
Small molecu les are elimin ated
during the condensation process.

14.

effect
I

The repeating unit obtained from the addi:tion

polymerisation ofthe mono~
CHCl = CHCl is

H

H

H

I

I

I

I

I
c1

I
a

I
a

I

H
(A) -

c- c - c - c H . H
I
I

(B)

-e-eI

l
CI

(C)

(D)

Cl

Cl

H

I

I

-e-el

I

Cl

H

Cl

H

Cl

H

I

I

I

I

1
Cl

I
H

I
Cl

I
H

- c - c - c - cGO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

0221201 0/CAPE2009

-515.

·Which ofthe following is true for glucose and starch?
Glucose

Starch

16.

(A)

High solubility in water

High solubility in water

(B)

Low soh~bility in water

Low solubility in water

(C)

Gives blue/black colour with iodine

Gives blue/black colour with iodine

(D)

No reaction with Fehling's solution

Reduces Cu2+ in Fehling's solution
to red/brown Cu20

Which of the following pieces of apparatus
possesses the HIGHEST degree of
uncertainty in measurement?

19.

Which of the following statements about
gravin;letric analysis is NOT 1rue?
(A)

(A)
(B)

(q
(D)

17.

Burette
Beaker
Pipette
Measuring cylinder

(B)

ofasolid. .

used in titrimen-y?

18.

Barometer
Thermometer
Potentiometer

(D)

Conductivitymeter

The concentration of an ammonia solution is
determined by titrating 25.0 cm3 ag3.inst
0.2 J?Ol dm-3 sulphuric acid to give an end
point of27.5 cm3 •
The concentration ofammonia ("mmol dm:l)
is given by

analysis is a purely
quantitative method.
Gravimetric analysis never involves
therernovalofvohrtilecornpon~

(C)

The analyte can be identified after

(D)

precipitation and isolation have
occurred.
The amount of analyte lost due to
solvation is assumed to be
negligible.

Which ofthe following is NOT an instrument
(A)
(B)
(C)

·Gravime~c

20.

Treatment of a 10.00 g sample containing a
chloride salt with excess silver nitrate solution
produced 8.08 g ofSI1ver chloride.
(Ag= 108, Cl=35.5)
The expression for the percentage of chloride
in the sample is

(A)

143.5x8.08 xlOO
35.5xl0.00

(A)

0.2x 27.5
25

(B)

35.5xl0.00 xlOO
143.5x8.08

(B)

0.2x27.5
2x25

(C)

35.5x 8.08 xlOO
143.5 X 10.00

(C)

2x0.2x27.5
25

(D)

143.5 X 10.QQ
xlOO
35.5x 8.08

(D)

2x 0.2x 25
27.5

GO ON TO TID~ NEXT PAGE
02212010/CAPE2009

-?\Vhich ofthe followingutilizesvibrations?

21.

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

22.

Radio wave
Infrar ed
UVN IS
X-ray

The struc tural feature·s whic h caus e
absor ption in the UVN IS regio n of the
electroma~etic spect rum are know n

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)-

23.

25.

as

26.

crbonds
chromoph(!res
isolated 1t bonds
lone pairs of electrons

2
The co~lex ion [FeSC N) + has a mola r
1
1
3
absorptivity (E) of7.0 x 10 (im3 mol- cm- •

27.

2cmcell,~

24.

3 X 1o-J mol dm-3

6 x 1Q-3 mol dm.-3
3 x 10-4mol dm-3
6 x 10-" mol dm"3

. 28.

(B)
(C)
(D)

Which oftbe following is NOT a visualising
agent in chrO'matography?
Iocline.

(A)
(B)
(C)

Cellulose
N"mhydrin

(D)

t.ntraviolet light

Which ofthe following is LEAST commonly
used as a statio nary phas e in chrom a-

IR

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

The wave lengt h corresponding to this
absorption is

(A)

"loss of a proto n
gain of~ electron
loss of an electron
fragmentation ofthe compound

tography?

spec trum , an abso rptio n at
1
spond s to an -OH group in
corre
cm3400
a .molecule. (lJ.L m = l~m)

In an

In them_ass spect rome ter a molecular ion is
formed from a comp~und by
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

.The concentration ofits solution, which gives
an abso:Fbance of 4.2 when meas ured in a

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

W'nich of the follow ing speci es is NOT a·
significant fragment from 1he mass spect rum
of ethanol? ·

0.294 p.m
2.94 J.liD.
29.4 Jlill
294 J.llD

29.

Starc h
Alum ina

Silie;a gel
Cellulose

Which of the following are advantages of
steam disti11.a1ion?
I.
II.
ill.

It occurs unde r reduc ed press ure.
The components do not decompose.
It provides savings in fuel cost.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I and ll onlyI and ill only .
II and ill only
I,ll and ill

GO ONT O THE NEXT PAG E
02212 010/C APE2 009

-7-:

30.

Which of the followin g statemen ts about
partition coefficie nt may be true?

33.

It does not vary with temperature.
The solute has to be in the same
molecular state in both solvents for
it to be a constant.
The .·two solution s have to be
concent rated for it to be a
constant .

I.
II.

m.

34.

31.

II only
I andll only
I, II and ill

Proximity to housing schemes
Proximity to port

I.

m.

35.

fertilizers
the nitrogen cycle
fractional dist:iJ.lation ofliquid air
fractional distillation of crude oil

Which of ~e followin g is NOT ne:essar y
for wine making?

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Good electricity supply
Iandllo nly

(A)
.(B)
(C)
(D)

!IandiD only
II, ill and IV only

I, II, m and IV

36.
Along With silicon dioxide, which of the
followin g compou nds constitut es the main
impurities of bauxite?

.

Iron(II) oxide
Iron(lli) oxide
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxid e

Yeast

Oxygen
Enzyme
Carbohydrate

Which ofth.e followin g are conseque nces of
the consump tion ofalcohol?

ill~

Stimula tes the central nervous
system
May cause liver disease
Reduces manual dexterity

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I and IT only
I.andillo nly
rr and ill only
I, II and ill

I.

IT.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Dieseloi1
Gasoline
Re:finezy gas

Goodr~adnetwork

. IV.

32.

Kerosine

The nitrogen used in the manufac ture of
ammoni a by the Haber Process is obtained
from

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Which ofthe followin g influence location of
an industrial plant?

n.

c4

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

!only

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

'Which of the followin g is represen ted by
cl- hydrocar bons?

I

\

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
0221201 0/CAPE2 009

- 8ine
Item 3 7 refers to the manufacture of chlor
the
g
usin
e
brin
of
sis
by the elec troly
diaph ragm cell.

40.

The anod e is mad e up of

37.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)·

steel
graphite
plati num with a coating of asbestos
titan ium with an inert coati ng of
ruthe nium (IV) oxide

MOS~widelyused?

II.

Polyvinylchloride

(A)
(B)
(C)

land II
land ill
Tian dill
llan diV

(D)

39.

Solventl
Sodi um chloride

m.
rv.

Cblorofl.uorocaxbons

"Which of the follo wing indu strie s use
sulphuric acid?
I.
II.

m.

rv.

Fert:i1fzers
Paint

Fibres
Dete rgen ts

(~

I, II and m only

{B)
(C)
(D)

I, ill and IV only
II, m and IV only
I,II, illan dN

prese nt in a fixed volu me ofwate r
used by aqua tic orga nism s durin g

(C)

need ed by micr oorg anism s as they
deco mpos e orga nic matt er
prod uced by aqua tic plan ts in
photosynthesis

(D)

the
For the man ufac ture of whic h TWO of
rine
chlo
is
ucts
prod
l
stria
indu
follo wing

I.

(A)
(B)

respiration

41.

38.

of
The biolo gical oxyg en dem and (BOD)
en
wate r meas ures the amo unt of oxyg

t
Whi ch o~tb.e follo wing ions are signi fican
contributors to eutrophication?

I.

PO/ -

II.

No;

m.

SOl -

IV.

a-

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

42.

Iand llon ly
Iand illon ly

I, nan d m only
I, II, m and IV

to
A redu ction in the ozon e layer is believed
of
n
actio
the
by
ed
caus
have been
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

sulphur dioxide
CFC s
meth ane
carbo n dioxide

GO ONT OTH ENE XTP AGE
0221 2010 /CAP E200 9

-9-

43.

/

Which of the following statements on
environmental effects is true? ·
(A)

Greehouse effect leads to global

(B)

war.tniD.g.
Global warmmg leads to greenhouse

(D)

Nitrogen monoxide, NO, is respoilSlble for the
destruction of ozone in the stratosphere. How
can NO be generated in the atmosphere?
I.

n.
III.

~ffect.

(C)

44.

- Pbtotochemical smog leads to global
warming.
Eutrophication leads to greenhouse

(A)
(B) (C)
(D)

effect.

45.

Combustion offossil fuels
Lightning discharge
Reduction ofN0 2 by S0 2,, both of
which are present in the a1mosphere

landllonly
Iandllionly
IIandillonly

L IIandiD

Which of the following plastics are
biodegradable ?

(A)
(B)

Polythene terephthalate
Low density polyethene

(C)

Poly (3 - hydroxybutanoic acid)
Polyvinylchloride

(D)

lFYOUFINISHBEFORETIMEIS.CALLED,CHECKYOiJRWORKONTIDSTEST.

j'

f

0221201 O/CAPE2009

I

CANDIDATE'S RECE IPT
INSTR UCTIO NS TO CANDIDATE:
Fill in all the informa tion r-equested clearly and
legibly.

1.

SUBJECT:
PROFICIENCY:

FULL NAME:
{BLOCK LETTERS)

Signature:

Date:

3.

Ensure that this slip is detach ed by the
Supervi sor or Invigila tor and given to you when
you hand in this booklet .
Keep it in a safe place until you have received
your results.

lNSTRU CTION TO SUPER VISORI INVIGI LATOR :
Sign the declaraP,on below. detach this slip and hand it to
the candidate as his/her receipt for this booklet collected
by you.
I hereby acknowledge receipt of the candidate's booldet
for' the examination stated above.

Signature:
Supervisor/Invigilator

Date:

I
l
I
I
I

I
I
.I
I

lEST CODE

2.

'··

I
·I

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I

I
I

I
I

l

I
I

r
I

I
I
I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I

I
I

1
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

f

f

AFFIX SEAL HERE

CANDIDATE- PLEASE NOTEt
.

.

.

.

YoumuststgD-be.lo~a~dretun,.thi&bookletwiththe
do so may _result in TEST CODE
Answer Sheet. Failure
disqualificadon. .

·

to

22212010

.

·: ' . .

FORM TP20081 68

MAY/JUNE200 8

CARIBBEA N EXAMINA TIONS COUNCIL
ADVANCEDPROFICIENCYEXAMINATION
CHEMISTRY- UNIT2

l

PaperOl
90minutes
(

15JULY2008(a.m.) )

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIO NS CAREFULLY .
1.

This test consists of 45 items. You will have 90 minutes to answer them.

2.

In addition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet.

3.

Do not be concerned that the answer sheet provides spaces for more answers than there are items in this
test.

4.

Each item in this test has four suggested answers lettered{A), (B), {q, (D). Read each item you are about
to answer and decide which choice is best.

5.

On your answer sheet, find the number which corresponds to your item and shade the space having the
same letter as the answer you have chosen. Look at the sample item below.
Sample Item
Whichofthefoll owingistheHIG HESTenergytra nsitioninanorga niccompound?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Sample Answer

n to a*
n to 1t*
cr to 0'*
1t to 1t*

The best answer to this item is "a to cr*", so answer space (C) has been shaded.

6.

Ifyou want to change your answer, erase it completely and fill in your new choice.

7.

Whenyouaretol d to be~ twn the page and work as quickly and as carefully as you can. Ifyou cannot
answeranitem,o mititandgoonto thenextone. Yourscorewillb ethetotalnumbe rofcorrectansw ers.

8.

You may do any rough work in this booklet.

9.

Figures are not necessarily drawn to scale.

10.

The use ofnon-progranu nable calculators is allowed.
DO NOT TURN TffiS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.
Copyright© 2008 Caribbean Examinations Council.
All rights reserved.

22212010/CAPE 2008

• AFFLXSEALHERE

-2-

1.

Which of the following is true for butanoic
acid?

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

2.

Molecular
formula

Empirical
formula

C4Hs02

CH20

C4H602

C4Ha02
C 4H 8 0

3.

The compound which shows both cis-trans
isomerism and optical isomerism is

"c

(A)

c

CH20

C2 H4 0
C 2 H 40

H

A hydrocarbon contains 87.8% carbon and
12.2o/o hydrogen by mass. Its empirical
fonnulais
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

CH
CH 2

H

H

/

c

H

/

/I" H

"'
/

c

H

CJHs

Br

Cl

/

c

"'

/

/I"- H
H

c

"

c

'H
/I
Br

H

"

H

H

H

"/ c

/I' H
H

C-H

/

H

c

Cl

/

c

/

(D)

"'

H

H

'

(C)

C-H

/

H

H

" "

H

"c

C2H3

C-C-H

H

Cl

(B)

/

/

c

'
/

H

C-H

'

H

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
222120 l O/CAPE2008

H

-3-

4.

The carbonyl group is NOT present in
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

5.

6.

aldehydes
ketones
alcohols
carboxylic acids

Which ofthe following alcohols will NOT be
oxidised by acidified potassium chromate
(VI)?
(A)

Which statement is true about C - C bonds?
(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

CH 20H

A double bond is made of a sigma
bond and a pi bond.
There is a higher electron density
between the atoms in a single bond
than in a double bond.
The distance between the nuclei of
the carbon atoms is shorter in single
bonds than in double bonds.
Single bonds are more reactive
towards most reagents than double
bonds.

(B)

I
I

CH - C - H
3

OH
H
(C)

I
I

CH -CH - C -OH
2

3

CH 3
CH 3
(D)

I
I

CH- C - OH
3

CH 3

7.

Which of the following compounds is
hydrolysed by water?

(A)

C2H 50H

(B)

C6H 5COOH

(C)

C 6H 5CH2 Cl

(D)

0

~- Cl

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
2221201 O/CAPE2008

-4-

8.

Ethanol can be formed by the following

At which ofthe carbon atoms in the molecule
below is electrophilic attack MOST likely?

11.

reaction:

H
The mechanism used is

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

electrophilic addition
electrophilic substitution
nucleophilic addition
nucleophilic substitution

(C)

~0

"c /

(D)

A\CH Br

~CH 3

\

2

""--.....

..____(A)

9.

Hydrogen cyanide adds to ethanal but not to
ethene because
(A)

(B)
(C)

(D)

ethanal is more susceptible to
electrophilic attack than ethene
the addition product formed with
ethene would be unstable
ethanal is more susceptible to
nucleophilic attack than ethene
ethanal is more susceptible to free
radical attack than ethene

(B)

12.

A compound gives a white precipitate when
shaken with aqueous bromine. The
compound could be

(A)

C2H4

(B)
(C)
(D)

C6H 50H
C2H 50H

C2H 5COOH

CH 3

10.

Methylbenze ne,

~

can react to

13.

Which ofthe following would release a proton
MOST readily?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

produce

C~C~OH

C}\COOH
C6H 50H

Cf\OH

Cl

14.
Which reagent and conditions are MOST
suitable for the reaction?
(A)

(B)
(C)

(D)

Chlorine with u.v. light
Chlorine in the dark
Chlorine withAICI3
Concentrate d HCl heated under

A possible use for the product formed by the
polymerisati on ofpropene, C 3H 6, is as a
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

fuel
liquid
disinfectant
plastic material

reflux

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
22212010/CAPE2008

-515.

Which of the following represents the
repeating unit obtained from the addition
polymerisation ofthe monomer,
CHCl=CHC l?
(A)

H

H

H

I

I

I

(A)
(B)
(C)

I

c-

I

I

I

I

Cl

Cl

Cl

Cl

(D)

Cl

H

I

I

-C-C-

(C)

I

I

Cl

H

H

H

I

I

I

I
Cl

Cl

H

Cl

H

I

I

I

I

A student carries out the gravimetli.c analysis
ofa soil sample taken from an area surrounding
a garage. The soil sample is found to be
contaminate d with Pb2+ ions. 100 cm3 of a
solution obtained from the sample when mixed
with 25 cm3 of 0.100 mol dm·3 HCl yields
0.010 g oflead chloride. [The relative formula
mass oflead chloride is 278.2.]

C - C-

I

I

I

I

Cl

H

Cl

H

19.
Item 16 refers to the following burette readings:
25.1,
16.

25.2,

24.9,

(D)

The balanced equation for the reaction
between lead ions and hydrochloric acid is
(A)

24.8

(B)

Pb (s) + 2HC1 (aq) ~ PbC12 (s) +
H2(g)
2Pb (s)+2HCI (aq) ~2PbCl (s)+
~(g)

The standard deviation ofthe readings is
(A)
(B)
(C)

1.92x IO·' M
2.95 X 104 M
3.11 x 10·3 M
5.77x 10· 1 M

Items 19-20 refer to the following information.

Cl

-c-· c -

3
What is the concentratio n (mol dm- ) in an
aqueous solution that contains 63.3g of
3
~Fe(CN) 6 in 1.0 dm of solution? [The
relative formula mass of~Fe(CN)6 is 3292.]

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

-C-C-

(D)

Purity ofreagents
Blowing the reagent out ofthe pipette
tip
Overshooting the calibration mark of
the volumetric flask
Adding excess water to the conical

flask
18.

(B)

Which of the following will NOT affect the
accuracy ofthe results in a titrimetric analysis?

H

C-

-C-C-

17.

(C)

0.245
0.183
0.122
0.033

(D)

20.

Pb2+(aq)+ 2HC1 (aq) ~ PbCl2 (s) +
2H+(aq)
Pb2+(aq) + 2HC1 (aq) ~ PbCI2 (aq)
+2H+(aq)

What is the concentratio n of Pb2+ in the
original solution?

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

3.60 X 10·5 mol dm·3
3.60 x 104 mol dm·3
5.40 x 104 mol clm·3
7.20 x 104 mol dm·3

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
222120 10/CAPE2008

-6-

Item 21 refers to the following regions ofthe

In which ofthe following processes is infrared spectroscopy MOST likely used?

I.
II.

I.
II.
III.

III.
IV.

21.

25.

electromagnetic spectrum.
Visible light

X-ray
Infrared
Ultraviolet

(A)
(B)

Which ofthe following is the correct order
for increasing wavelength?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

II, III, I, IV
II, IV, I, III
II, IV, III, I
IV, II, I, III

Monitoring atmospheric pollution
Breath-alcohol analysis

Quantitative analysis
I only

(C)

II only
I and II only

(D)

I and III only

Item 26 refers to the mass spectrograph below.

Q)

22.

Which two features BEST describe ultraviolet

radiation?

u

I

c:

10

'"0

c:

::J

..0

(B)

Short wavelength and high frequency
Long wavelength and high energy

(C)

Short wavelength and low energy

(D)

Long wavelength and low frequency

(A)

10

<1J

0')

ta

c:

<1J

m

~

Q)

0..

m/e values

23.

Which of the following types of electronic
transition would NOT produce absorption in
the UV/VIS region ofthe spectrum?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

24.

26.

Which ofthe following correctly identifies I,
II and III above?

1t--)> 1t*

n

~

Base
peak

1t*

0' ~ 1t*

Molecular
ion

M+1

n~cr*

Item 24 refers to the diagram below which

(A)
(B)
(C)

represents the structure of a water molecule.

(D)

I
II

II
I

lll

II
III

III
II

I
I

III

Which of the following would be exhibited

by the molecule?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Bending and stretching vibrations
Asymmetrical stretching vibrations
Bending vibrations
Symmetrical stretching vibrations
GOONTOTHE NEXTPAGE

2221201 O/CAPE2008

-727.

Which of the following statements reflect the advantages ofthin-layer chromatogra phy over paper
chromatography?

I.
II.

III.

Thin-layer chromatogra phy is slower than paper chromatograp hy.
Thin-layer chromatogra phy may be made from different solids, thus a wide variety of mixtures
can be separated by careful choice.
Thin-layer chromatograp hy can be used for quickly selecting the best conditions for larger-scale
phases.
I and II only
land ill only
II and III only
I, IT and III

(A)

(B)
(C)
(D)

Item 28 refers to the following chromatogra m which is obtained when a 1 : 1: 1 : 1 mixtur~e of ethanol,
propan-1-ol, butan-1-ol and hexan-1-ol is analysed by gas-liquid chromatography.

I

n
III
IV

I Ethanol

II Propan -1- ol
III Butan -1- ol
IVHexan -1-ol

10

5

0

Retention time (min)

28.

Which compound is present in the highest concentration ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Ethanol

Hexan -1- ol
Propan- 1 - ol
Butan- 1 - ol ·

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
2221201 O/CAPE2008

- 8Item 29 refers to the following boiling point composition curves for three mixtures.

I
29.

Which of the following CANNOT be completely separated by fra,:tional distillation?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

30.

Ionly
Ilonly
I and II only
II and Ill only

A solution of 10 g of a carboxyli c acid (weak
acid) in 100 cm3 of water is shaken with 100
cm3 of ethoxyet hane. It is found that only
6.5 g ofthe acid remains in aqueous solution
at equilibriu m. The partition coefficien t is

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

31.

III

II

32.

(A)
(B)
(C)

0.054
0.54
5.4
54

(D)

rv.

Proximity to a potential workforc e
Availab ility to a means of
transportation Potential pollution of air, land and
water
Proximity to raw materials

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I, II and III only
I, II and IV only
r, III and IV only
£, II, III and IV

III.

AP+(l) + 3e· ~AI (l)
AP+ (1) + 2e· ~AI (s)
AP+ (aq) + 2e· ~ AI+(s)
2AP+ (l) + 6e· ~ Al 2 (g)

Item 33 refers to the following fractions of
crude oil

Which ofthe following are importan t factors
to consider in determin ing the location of a
factory?

I.
II.

In the electrolys is of molten alumina, Al20 3,
the reaction at the cathode is BEST
represent ed by

I.
II.

Diesel
Petrol

III.

Refmery gas
Kerosene

IV.
33.

The correct order in terms of increasi ng
boiling point is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I, II, III, IV
III, l, II, IV

III, II, I, IV
lll, II, IV, I

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
222120 l O/CAPE2008

-934.

In the Haber Process, a maximum yield of
ammonia can be achieved by decreasing
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

35.

36.

39.

Water
Energy
Oxygen
Enzymes

III.

Stimulates the central nervous system
May cause liver disease
Reduces manual dexterity

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

land II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

In the electrolys is of brine using the
diaphragm cell, two by-produc ts of this
process are
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

hydrogen and sodium hydroxide
chlorine and sodium
mercury and hydrogen
chlorine and oxygen

In the Contact Process, why is sulphur trioxide
NOT directly dissolved in water to produce
concentrated sulphuric acid?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

It is insoluble in water.
The reaction is highly exothermic.
It is extremely toxic.
It is colourless and odourless.

There are four reactions that take place during
the Contact Process. The first two reactions
are represented as follows:

s (s) + 02 (g) -4 so2 (g)
2S02 (g) + 0 2 (g) ~ S0 3 (g)
Which of the following are the other two
reactions?

Which ofthe following are consequen ces of
the consumption ofalcohol?
I.
II.

37.

temperatur e
catalyst
pressure
particle size

During fermentati on to produce ethanol,
which ofthe following is NOT used to break
down glucose?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

38.

IV.

S03 (g) + H 2S04 (I)~ H 2 S 20 7 (1)
H 20 (I)+ S03 (g) ~ H 2S04 (aq)
H2 S2 0 7 (1) + H 2 0 {1) ~ 2H2 S04 (1)
HzO (1) + 802 (g)~ RzS03 (aq)

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I and II only
I and III only
II and IV only
III and IV only

I.

II.
Ill.

40.

The major reservoir for the water cycle is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

41.

oceans
glacial ice
freshwater bodies
atmospheri c water vapour

The presence of phosphate ions (POt) can
be detected using
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

ammonium molybdate
sodium thiosulphate
potassium thiocyanate solution
potassium hexacyano ferrate(II)
solution

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
222120 1O/CAPE2008

- 10-

42.

The ozone layer found high in the stratosphere
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

43.

44.

is toxic to plants
reacts with atmospheric pollutants to
form smog
protects against the sun's harmful
UVrays
is an environmen tal hazard as it
readily disintegrates fabric and
rubber

I.

Which of the following may be a result of
light-induced reaction ofpollutants in the air?
I.

II.
III.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Global wanning
Photochemical smog
Greenhouse effect

I only
II only
I and III only
I, II and III

Nitrogen monoxide, NO, is responsible for the
destruction ofozone in the stratosphere. How
can N 0 be generated in the atmosphere?

45.

Combustion of fossil fuels

II.
III.

Lightning discharge

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

Reduction ofN02 by S02, both of
which are present in the atmosphere

Which of the following is a disadvantage of
recycling plastic?
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

Decreased masses are sentto landfill.
Plastics are generally of low
biodegradability.
More toxic fumes are released
relative to incineration.
Recycling minimises wastage of
materials.

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON TillS TEST.

2221201 O/CAPE2008

DO NO T
WR ITE ON
TH IS PA GE

CANDIDATE'S RECEIPT
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATE:
1.

FiD in all the information requested clearly and
legibly.

TEST CODE
stJBJECT: ____________________________

PROFICIENCY:

FULLNAME: _________________________
(BLOCK LE'ITERS)

Signature:
Date:

2.

Ensure that this slip is detached by the Supervisor or
Invigilator and given to you when you hand in this
·
booklet.

3.

Keep it in a safe place until you have received your
results.

INSTRUCTION TO SUPERVISORJINVIGILATOR:
Sign the declaration below, detach this slip and hand it to the
candidate as his/her receipt for this booklet collected by you.

I hereby acknowledge receipt of the candidate's booklet for the

examination stated above.

I

Signature:
Supervisor/lnvigilator.
Date:

I

I
I
I.

~LiMP. ""'~

.

·

. .._. ·

.

·~

•·-·-·

_

.,
..,

-k-

1.

.

VolatHity of organic compounds depends on
the strength of. the ~qk_~:glar_forc~s
present. Which compound below woul4 be

H.

l

the MOST volatile? -

H

==·~

H H

I

I l

H-C-C-C-C -H

I \ I l
H H \ H

CH. CR,CHzOH

(A)

cr(cH~C£\CR3

(B)

C~ CH(CH,)CHJ
CH~CH 2 CH2 COOH

.--<{C)

(p)'

H-C.:...H
\

H-C:-H

I
H

The IUPAC name for the structure is

l.

<-1i}
(B)
_(C)
(D)

3.

i - ethyl butane
3 - ethyl butane
2 -methyl pentane
3 - methyl pentane

Which ofthe following is a pair cif optical isomers?

CH:i

Cfh

I

l

HO-C-CH3

CH3 -C-OR
1
CH:

l
CH3

H
\
HO-C-C1H:s

H

I
_,/(13)

C2Hs- C- OH

I

l

CH3

CH:;

(C)

H

H H

H

.I

I !

I

H-C-C-C--C -CH

I

I

1

I

H H H H
CH3H

\
(D)

.

1

H-C-C-OH

I

I

CH3H

H

H H

H

1 I I I
HO-C-C-C- C-H
I I I l

H H H H
H CHs

l

l .

HO-C-C-CH J

1
H

I

CH~

GO ON TO THE NE:X:! PAGE

t

fi

l=

-~-

--

. ·-·· -~::-

--

..

·-·- .

..

-··~

-·-

- ..,

~-

4.

S¥ttich 'of the followin..g 1s ~~! !Ue of addition poiym.erization?
Only one type of polymer is form~.
The molecular mass of the polymer is a multiple of the
· monomer unit.-"'· .
. The polymer is readily hydrolysed to the monomer..

(A)

(Bj
(~)

The physical and chemical properties of the polymer
are different from those of the monomer.

(J?)

-~refers to the adojtion polymer represented by the
·

following chain sequence.
:--"'---·.. -...· --·

--~·

C2Hs H ~ ~1 H

CHJ H

I

I

.I

I

I

'H

ClBr

1

I

·.. ··.·_::;;·.:

I

I

-:--C-C-C-C_. :C-C-

··~ ..
.

I

I

!

H

H

CH3

·--------

I

\

l

Tile mrinom~rs are MOST likely

5.

.CH3
(A)

C2 H 5

H

/

""c=c"a

and

H/

·CH
(B)

/

/

"

c=c

/"~).

(D)

and

.0

/

'-...
c=c'\...
/

Cl'
H

/

""/ c==c'-...

B

H

SHs

anq

'<..

/

I,

j-~

'\...

C2HS·

H

Cl

/

H

H

'-...~

"c == c

B

/

/

-f
Br

H

c==c

"

H

H

CH3

Br

H

Cl

~s / _,..
c=c '-...

'-...

/

H

/

c=c

"-

H

\

and
....

CH'3

·.z• •

/

Br

H

GOONTOTHENEXT PAGE

. ·~-·

;.._.

t:j

.~

l

- 4-

Item 9 refers to the following information ..

can be produced fjom
ethane l, 2- dial (RO - C:H.,:. CH., - OH) 2-nd
benzene l, 4 dicarboxylic acid •

Terylene

6.

(HOOC

Etbene is normally susceptfnle to elecrrophiiic
attack, but it is made attractive to nudeophiles·
by complexing it ~v.ith Pd2+ catalyst ir1 the.

~COOR).

Wacker process:

Il

t
r

\Vhich of the foliowing -characteristics would
terylene MOST likely possess?
(A)

lt has the same empirical formu1a

as

its monomers.

(B)

One of its monomers contains the
C = C functional gro~ -. ·_

(C)

lt is the only product obtained when
its monomers react.
1t can be. hydro1ysed by aque·ous
sodium hydroxide.

(D)
7.

9'.

{B)

(C)
m~
~

The

l.

II.

UI.

Reagent which attacks electron
deficient sites in molecu1es

----(A)
(B)

(C)

cPJ

The equation for the formation of' the
._ .
anaesthetic, CF3CHBrCl, is

> CF.CI:-ffirCl.

The type of reaction occuring is

"''
..(..B)
(C)
(D)

2

:

CH. 2 cgmpiex c::creases

electron density in the double bend.

Lewis acid
Lewis base
Species wirl_l a lone pair

Br.,

CH

PdH

Which ofthe following statements does tKl.T .. _,:
- '. ,: ' ~
· · · ... · .
descn'be a nucleophi1e?

. -cf.:.)'

Which. of the following opt:lons characterize
this mechanism?

10.

The 1t electrons of ~:fuen~ occupy .
vacant orbitals in Pd.2-!-.
The 1t electrons are no longer
available and their removal makes •
ethene positively charged..

land II only
Iandillonly
TI and III only
l,IIandiD

Vl'hich of the following compounds is both an
alkene and an ester.?

{Aj

free radical· substitution
elecirophilic substitution
nucleophilic substitution

H
_o'·,'.
H ....._, ..;-:;' .-·-" ··-·-........
jC-0-:-CH:z.-CH ::::::::C;

nucle6philicadditi on

'-····

(C)

·~.. -.

'CH3

H
.-·'
...::::,-.C-CH 2 -CH::=C .r
'CH:
H/
0

(D)

GO ON TO TH:E NEXT PAGE
0221201 O/CAPE2008

I

.. -~ ·- .
I

t

-5-

11.

The complete reaction ofphenol wrJl aqueous
bromine is characterised by a

- 13.

white precipitate, a brown solution
arid an.antiseptic smell
brown precipitate, a colourless

(A)
(B)

.solution and a sweet smell ·

. (C)

whiteprecipitate, a colourless sob.Ition
.
and an antiseptic smelt

(D)

brown precf?itate, a brovvn solution
an~ a. sweet smell

(A)

l

H
(A}

©(NO,

and

CH 3

and

CH3-C-CH3

I

(B)

©
l

Nq

0-CN

I

:

and

. . ~J

I

l
i

©Jl

When propanone reacts with hydrogen
cyanide, the fonnula of the product is

i
i

!

CH 3
NO
I

CH

(B)

12.

Which two products are forme-d in
approximate ly equai amounts when
met."'lylbenzene is tre~d with a mixr.n:e of
concentrated HI. .~O. and concentrated
.
~SO,?

CHJ-C-CH l-CN

ll

(D)

0
H

I
(C)

...

#.

,';0~1

CH3-C-CHz CN

-~ refei'S to the compounds P•. Q. R

I

OH

and S, whose structures are given below.

CN

P:
Q:

I
CH~-C-CH)

R.:
S:

I

0-H

14.

G~(C~)4CH:.PH ~
C~(Ct4) 3 C~COOH I
CJ:i.;{C~)3CHCICOOH

&

The ·correo;t sequence of the compounds
abov.e in order of DECREASIN G acid
strength is
~ Q, s·~ P
Q. ~ p
{C~ - --P,-S, Q, R (D} ·---···S~ ~ Q. P

:·.\~)
(B)

s,

...

GO ON TO THEN"'t:.XT PAGE
[;

I
--

-·-----~

t:_

--------- --.

I

.or
J(

~

l;.
~

/

/
f

Item 15 refer.s to the foHo"'Ning structure of

6-tO

.>.C.

tyrosine.

. wnich of the follo'VI-i.ng graphs mustrates the
titration of diiute suphu.--ic acid with potassium

hydroxide solui:ionf

.

CO~B

.-

(A)

1

pH1I4 - u '

H N-C-H
:z

I

7-

1

Yol of !1 zSO4
14f

(B)

OR

pEl

I

71-/

The pH of tyrosine is MOST likely

15.

(A)

_.(:J3)·
(C)
(D)

2.1
5.6 ~ ,...;?.. :/·7.0
9.0

:< ;:.

(C)
t.'

Which of the following pieces of apparatus
possesses. the HIGHEST degree of

16.

uncertainty in measurement?

- fli.r
(B)

Beaker

Burette

(C)

Pipette

(D)

Measuring cyl~der

Which ofthe following is NOT a pmperty of
a primary standard'?

17.

.

,.;- ..
·;.;(;~..)-·

(B)
(C)
(D)

Low relative molecular mass
Very soluble in ·water v

Obtainable in a pure ~te ~'(
Docs not undergo hydrolysis

. 19.

Solution A, 10 em~ of ~SO," is placed in
100 ml volumetric flask and made up to the
mark with distilled water. 25 em;; of this
solution is used to completely neutralise
20.05 cm3 ofO.Ol mol dm·3 solution ofNaOH.
What is the concentration of solution A?
1. {) x 10'3 mol
2.0 x 10-'~ mol
4.0 x lQ-4 mol
4.0 x 10·~ mol

(A)
(B)
~~

(D)

dm- 3

dm·3
dm·3

dm·•

. !

·,.

-

_;_,

...

, ·:-""-..-

....

~

-=')..:.-

'"";

./

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
117?1 /(] J.O/('A PF.7011R

-··

:
-720.

(A)

Gravimetric_ analysis is a purely

(B)

quantitative method. --Gravi~tric analysis never involves

E0.401
~ 0.30r

a

(C)

~ 0.20··l-·-----------

of solid.
The analyte can be identified after
precipitation and isolation have

occurred.

In an electronic transition in the UV/visible
region of the spectrum. a wavelength of

- .:;;
450 ri!iiiis absorbed.
J :~ : '--'

:._.

..::.. ,;..1

r
1

The energy of ~e corresponding photon (in
Joules) is

(A)

X

}0"34 X 3

4.50 x

X

. 22. ·

•.• 'j/)\

-

l:-:::.

'(B).

'I:::J
...~(

.f ·-

'j.

l¢)

X

X

10"34

4.50

/

X

(Atomic mass of X= 172 g mol-')
A'-'""

:{A)

~)

·

!0 8

:r,

2.91 x l<r~.mo] dm·3
2.91 x 1~-mol cim·3

(C)

s.GIO x Hr3 ~ofdm·3

{D)

8.61 x

10-~

mol dm-3

io-s
7

X

3

X

Hexane wilL not absorb light in the lN/visible

regwnof thespectrum because there is a

A)

10"

6.63 x 10"34 x 3 x. 108

6.63

'\l.That is the concenii'ati.on in mol d.m-3 of an
unkno~ solution of X~~+(aq) which has an
absorbance~ value of 0 .20'1

' --·-

f- =- \1

l3.
4.50

8
4 .. 6
[XIi+l in. ppm

2

';j'· ': . {- ~-

·'\ ' ;

•:..:;t •,_.

Planck constant (h) = 6.63 x l 0"34 J s
Velocity oftight {E)~ 3.00 X~~ m ~I

66.3

\.

0.10

The amount of ana.lyte lost due to
solvation is assumed to be
negligible.

21.

·

in the solution.

the removal of vola.tJ.le components

.·.

}0 8

{B)

9

10"

-~- ,-..

large difference in energy between
antibonding
the bonding'
orbitals
large differet,lce in energy between
the bonding and non-bonding

and

.

~

6.63

Item 22 refers to the greph beio~ yihich.
. shows the absorption calibration cur-Ve for X',.;. .

me

following statements about
\Vhich of
gravimetric analysis is NOT true?

small difference in energy between
the bonding and non-bonding

10-34 X 3 xl0 8
4. .50 X 10-i

X

. orbitais__ _

(D)

small difference in energy betwe~

¢e bonding and antibonding
orb~

_;,_-

·:_; ..

_-,_.

· .........

_·.-

c.-_,.-\
I:'>

GOONrOTHENEXTPAGE

-=- -

H.
"r:
~

.. - ... -·.--·r·-· -· -·t;

0

- il -

·which of the following pairs do NOT absorb
infrared radiation?

l.
II.
LTI.
IV.

25.

26.

wnich of the fo1lo'.~ing spectra shovl:; a
possib~e fragmentation pattern of CP'":2Ci1 ?

H::.O E.J'"ld HI
F~

and Cl2

~and

HBr

{A)

CH4 and Br2

I and Ill

(A)
(B)
(C)

land IV
II and III

_(D}

II and IV

An u~own organic compound of molecular

o!

mass 44 g is analysed using infrared. The
bonds-are found at 1700 em·' and 2800 cm·i.
.

(B)

j~Lill

a{JJ..£.

A.t..Lll.-\

The compound is MOST likeiy

-(A):·-eth al!dtetha.noic acid
(B)
.:=(C):':(D)·

•.

·.-.

.

83

85

8i
mle

(C)

'·.

"""'!

.:...

__

~::.

·ethanal
.carbim dioxide
.
-·· ._,. ,.··

· .....
.·\ ?- r·_.
;_.

c.;

~.gC.l1'

.,,

--

l I~
1

83

85

87

mfe

J.:

~-

(D)

~

-

...

,
'.:

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
0221201 O/CAPE2008

.. ··---··--~------- ·t··

-9Item 27 refers to the folloVIring information.

29·.

"Which of the following is NOTa visualising
agent in chromatography?. -.

Sample X is a mixture of substances. X was
separated into its components using paper

(A)

chromatography simultaneously with
individual samples of e, f, g and h. The

~B7

Cellulose

(C)
_ (D)-

Ultraviolet light
ND:ihydrin

chromatograph produced is shown below.

.t

30 ..

@

it

Iodine

"Which of the following statements about

partition coefficient mey be ~?

@

l

@

. I.
1I.

@

..

,_

0

@

m.

c,

It does not vary with temperature.. ;
The solute has to be in the same
molecular state in both solvents for
it to be a constant.
·The two solutions have to be
concentrated for it to be a
constant.

Sample X

e

g

f

h
(A)
~

(C)

which substances are MOST l.ik~ly present

27.

~
1

(B)
(C)
(D)

(D)

.

·in Sample X?
e,f,g
e, t: h
e, g, h
e,.f, & h

31.

Along with silicon dioxide, which of the

impurities ofbauxite?

A student is asked tO determine the value of
1
n' in the hydrated salt, ¥zSO".n~O . The
masses of~SO 4 and water of cr.jstalliza.tion
in th.e salt are 5.65 g and 2.65 g respectively.
[Assume Ar ofM = 8~

The value of'n' is MOST likely

f

l

(A)
(B)

2
3

(C)

5

.....(D)

7

following compounds constitutes the main

(A)

28.

I only
-H-enly
Iimdnonly
I, ll and "in .

-· ..
.. -~·

~

(C)
(D)

32.

lron(TI) oxide
Iron(lll) oxide

Carhondioxide
Carbon monoXide

In the fractional distillation of crude oil, the
different fractions are separated based on
their
(A)
(B)

soiubilif:y

...{¢.}

viscosity
voJatility

(D)

polarity

.GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

mZl2Qil 0/CA PE2008

-.
.

...... ~·.

~~-

-~

.•.. ·--

Ji

..--- ··-::- ..

E

, '

•..

-1033.

In the Bosch-Habc:r process, N2 and H2 can
be obtained from X and Y respectively. Which
of the following pairs BEST 4escribes these

36.

sources?

y

X

(A)
s about
(B)

Ammonium
salts
Amm-onium

salu

(C)

aturc.

(D)

to be

be a

34.

·~

I.D.

IV.
(A)
_.CB)
(C)
(D)

of the
main


].the
don

gJ{

inhibit the cxid8tion of unsaturated
fats
help to enhance the colour of food
improve the flavouroffood

Air

Naphtha

Air

Ammonium

37:

salts

SolVents

Which of the following plastics are
biodegradable?

38.

Sodium chloride
Polyvinylchlorido
ChlorotluoJ'OCBI'bons

(A)

Polytbenc tcr"eph1halatc

(B)

w;

Low density polyetbcnc

Poly. (3 - hydroxybU1anoic acid)

(D)

Polyvinylchloride

Which pfthc following arc productd whe11 a
hydrocarbon widcrgoes~leteeombu$tion?
L

n.

I and II
I .and III
II &nd.lll
II and IV

III.
N.

(A)
~,

35 •

In the production of itllpburic·lieid by the
Contaet process the folloWing tiothennic
reaction takes pisco:·
2S02(g) + Oz(g) .v,~s.42~C. Zatm

39.·
I

2SO,(g)

R.

In.
(A)
(B) ,·

(.G{
(D)

Ionly
I and ll only

II and m on1y
1, I.I and III

I and II only
1 and m only

(C)

II~dmonly

m.~~ IV ~ly

.

Which
of1btfl6~~~
..-.?
.
- ..

n.
In.
IV.

Low pressure
Excess OJcygeil ,
Low tcmperatur'C

Water
Carbon monoxide
Carbon dioXide
Oxygen

<D>

I.
·Which of the followiqg eondJ.tioJIS would
favour the forward reaction?
I.

dchydrition

Air

ofwhicb TWO of the
folJowilig:iJJdustn.J prodpcts ~ cblorinc most
'Yidely used'?
I.

help to prcs¢rvc the food by

•(C)
(D)

Naohtha

Forth~ manufacture

u.

(A:)

,•,

c same

entsfor

Ci:xnpounds of sulphur suelh .as stdpbites are
used as food additives. This is~ they

v.

(A)

..iB}
(C)
(D)

;-_.

NitrOgen

CadJon ~oxide

caiboft dao'Xi•

M~

Sulphwdioxldc

ll and m only
Ill and IV only
Ill and V only
~ U and IV only


------------------------·-~-

~

·'~~ptW''

<

-

;{f
''

- 11 Item 40 refers to the schematic diagram .

Chlorine radicals are formed in preference
to fluoffi,e radicals when ch1orofluorocarbon.s
are impacted by nLtrav1olet radiation. This
occurs in the upper atmosphere because

43.

below.
Nitroeen

Rain and

fixation

lightning

_.(A). ' the bond enthalpy ofthe C- Cl bond
(340 kJ moi-1) is less than that of
the C - F bond (484 kJ mol-l)

LTi'l::rifYing

~~acteria

v

(B)

the bond enthalpy ofthe C- Cl bond
corresponds to the energy cfthe

(C)

the chlorine radical is more reactive
than the fluorine radical
the fluorine radical is more reactive
tha..'1. the chlorine radical

~ Plants

uitraviolet:radistion

(D)

40.

W wouid MOST likely be
(A)~

(B)
~e)

(D)

41.

«.

---:fP~
4.2.

N"rtrates and ammonia
Phosphates and sulphatcs
Sulphates and carbonates
Phosphates and nitrates

(A)

carbon monoxide and nitrogen
dioxide

(B)

carbon monoxide and nitrogen

(C)

hydrocarbons and nitrogen monoxide
ni1rogen dioxide
hydrocarbons

mOtlOXkie

muth

algalEutrophication results in too·
growth in rivers or ponds, due to fertilizer
run-off.

(A)
(B)
(C)

The primary chemical pollutants involved in
the formation ofphotochemical smog are

nitrates nitrites ·NH 3 and· ammonium salts'\-.
nitric(V) acid ·~:.

Which of the following pairs is responsible
for this gro·wth?

.

:..CD~/ -

45.

••

J

and

Sul.phur dioxide~ produced when coal is
used as a fuel, can be BEST removed from
tbe waste gas stream by
(A)
(B)
(C),
(P)~

water
sodium su1pbate
sodimn carbariate
calcium carbonate·

Ozone in the troposphere has NOT been
Iinkedto ·
(A)
(B)
-(C)

-~~PJ=·

dying forests
greenhouse effect
asthma attacks
bleaching of coral reefs .

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE 'I'!Mr:E IS CALLED~ CHECK YOUR WOlRK ON THIS TEST.

.

.

0221201 O/CAPE2008 .

/

.
'

·~

'

·.'·:tESTCong0:?;2140l0·

~

.

FORMTPioo7i73

l ' ••

/. ••

~

:.

.

·~

•.

"'

. ·. MA Y/JliNE2007 .
...

···'. :·. ::-:,.:; ·.~.

:·..

~: ;·. ·•· : .

:. : ·...

. ..

·

.. ·

. :•: ·;. : ;~- ..-

.. ' .

. .. ··..
.,_·.

NS CAREFULLy \
1.

In addition to this test booklet, y·ou should

2.

Each item in this test has four suggested ~nc:Uh"•I"C!]ettered (A), (B), (c), q)). Read_.; e'ath item:you~re~·.:
about to answer and decide which choice is

.

.

3.

On your answer sheet, find the numberwh ·
the same letter as the answer you have ch

orresponds ~o yo.ur iterri arid s~age the space having ·
·
. Look ~it:ih€{~~TR)~;f~~~··~~~ow.

Sample Item
. Whichofthefollowingisthehig hestenergy

sition in anorganic com po~nd?:

. Sample Answer

n to cr*

(A)
(B)

n to 1t*

(C)
(D)

1t 'tO 1t*

cr

'tO

.

.

.

. :.@ . ®:e.@

a*

. ~... . :

.

.

.

The best answer to this item is "a 'tO a*", so ~tnc~-uvf~rspace (C) has been black~ned.

4."

Ifyouwanttochangey~ura~swer,be.silreto

youroldanswerco~pletely and fill in your new

choice.

5.

·as quickly and as c~refully as you can. Ifyou cannot
When you are told to begin, tu~ the.pageand
You can come back to the harder item later:. Your
answer an item, omit itandgoonto the next
score will be the total number ofcorre6t<111,"\VV.ul

6.

You may do any rough work in this booklet.

7.

Figures are not nece~sariJy drawn to scale.

8.

The use ofnon-programmable calcu]ators is

9.

Thistestconsistsof45 items. You will have

I 0.

Do not be concerned that the answer sheet pro ·des spaces for more answers than there are items in
this test.

YOU ARE.,TOL:P TO DO SO.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE

Copy.right ©2005 Caribbe
All rights

-

_ ...........__.
.....

.

....3

minutestoanswedhem.

R!i.--

......

1.

.· ,~., . ;,;;~~~~~~::~~\dL ~',~;;;:.; · . .
.~:-~:~: :· ·",~; ·: - ·~·:;r::~;~<::~!~;~~t::!:~~!::JI:~~:~ ~~ .

r.

·~

The rate equation for a reactio~l" -is~given-bj:~·;~·:.:;: '"3",.:":-: ~:·/(li~::iitt~·-equation for the reaction between

::er:ekc::mnt,

k,

..

·. ~- : : : ... . :. :. ~ .. . ·.. riiol dm"1. ati(fstconds respectively, the units

increases as tempeuiture increases .. {. . ·.. . .. ::bft.be nite,constant, k, would be
decreases as temper-~ture in~r~a~es. · · · · ·· ·. · ·' · · ·" · ·· . · . - . '
mol dm-3 s'
·: (ii\.)
increases as concentration.increit.Sbs · "·. :
(0)
moP dm-6 s 1
.(B)
decreases as concentration increases
(D)
dm6 mol-2 s-'
(C)
moP dm9 s 1
(D)
Which of the follo~ing graphs refers to a zero
order reaction?

(A)

(B}

2.

0

~

• ••

.

: . i '~.
..

(A)

.•.•

.

-· .-·t

...

; .:_' t_

: .."!

Rate
-: ••· :

:.

~:~-:

. :-."' ••• •

:

Concentration ·· ·
......
. .; .: -:- :'.. - .

(B)
~

.

.:·

.. :

. •.

.:

~

Concentration
(C)

Rate
· .....

Concentration·
_,.... /

(D)

Rate

Concentration
GOONIO+HENEXTPAG~
··-.:OJ._.,.._
.& -~· ::·~a
.......... ·.:..· '·

I!

-3• 4.

...

5.
Which of the following graphs represents t e
n
wh
di~tribut_ion
ofthe.Boltzrruirjp
new shape
. the temperature ·is.chan.ge'd f'rom'T/to a'lo\v ·f --. .. _.
.
tempera~re, T2 ?

For.the equilib~ium,··

--~ (~) ~-o~{~)---~-iNq(~j~~-H~+(89.k 1 moi- 1

2

which curv~· ~l;ow~:how lncrea5tng the total
·
.- .. -.· . . p·~~~sur~-- .o( :.tl)e sys_t~~-.:~ffects th~ yield of
the ·product?

(A)

No. of
molecules

(D)

with a
particu~ar
0/
0

energy

. :.·}-·:Yield:

~~~~~~~---~)

Kinetic energy

----(A)
··. "Par:ameter increase

(B)
No. of
molecules
with a

particular

energy

..
Kinetic_ energy

.

~

(C)

·.

,;·.'"

':

No. of
molecules
with a

particular
energy
_lQn~t~c

"i

en_ergy

Tt

(D)
No. of _
~olecules

I

with a
particular
energy

Kinetic energy

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
022 120 l 0/C 2007

-------..

.....

~

.w

]·_a:-

· Z;a;;# i ·· -

'

.

·- 4- ...
··;·. ·, ...· ·..:· ... :, . -~ .·· .·: :-.. :· ..
. .... ; ,;.:.'·.·: :·t·~,;·':>:~·_:;;t· ....~.;·:: :· ·· .. :. ·; ·.."
. ..
. .
e_potenti~ls ofchl~ti e, dich~om.~tC? ~:nd:it9.~.(III) iP~~-;;t.~~ a~ fol!6~~: .

~ ref~rs to the follo~i_ng _information.' -~·.
The standard electro~
.

.

.

:

.~

i •

..· ... - . .

.

~

-

..

··.

·:-:

.:

1.36V.

+0.77V .
.

;

:_: :.

_.,·.· ·..

~

-. :· . • •

•· i:

Which ofthe foU~wing eq~ations could re esent a feasible reacti6n?

6.

(A)


i

.....

•.

·- ..

::.· ·... :;

(B)

2Fe ~(~q) + 2~~-~~q) ~ C1 2(g) + 2

{C)

2
Cr20 72- (aq) + 6Fel+(aq~ + 14~+(a ) --+ 2Cr+(a q) + 7H/>(I)_+ 6 Fe +{aq)

3

3C~(g) +. cr~o~z-(aq).:t-)4H~(aq) i-:;.Y> ·

(D)

'

•'

I

~

..

, ' ::"): :.

·:·~?:

•. f·- .,.. ·'
·,· • i ;'".-·z~
'•I',•

:~; ~-:

o'

•··

..

base?
In which of the reactions below does ammo ia ~ha~e as a ~ronst~~ ~---~~ry

7.

IV.

+ HCI ~ NH4CI
2NH, + 3Cu0 ~ 3Cu _+3~0 + N
NH3 . + C~COOH ~ NH4 + + C}\
2
Zn 2+ + 4~ -+ _[Zn ~)4 ] +

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I and III only
I and IV only
II and III only
II and IV only

I.

£: ••

.. .:

·-

N~

.

II.
III.

oo.. .~ _:: :: ·-~ :... --:.·=·:_.--

.

:'

.

;

.•_.
- •' ·.'

·.. :.:·-

~.:;:~2J2010/C2007

-:·

h..,,

:

--:i- . : . .

-: ---·

-- -- .

E
GOO~IOTHENEXTPAG
__:. . . .·.:. . :.·

~~-'":'

·-=-=====~.i54!F~g:..;;.!:j:·

..

- 58.

.:

_:.Whiph

Whic~ of the· foi.Jo~iqg·_.il~di~ator~ would

~

II.
III.

· Methyl yellow
Bromocresol green
~h~nolp~~alein :.:

(A)

. Ilonly

L
'\.

.: buffer so1~tion? ·.

_[H+J.~-.Ka·[Acid] [Salt]

. ·: (B)

2.9-4.0
3.8- 5.4
·. 8:2- 10.0

·

Ka [Acid]
(fi~r=
.

·. (A)

pH range

Indicator

~~:n.~~H9.n. wjll_ giye a . v.~J~.~ for t.he

·· ·hyd~~ge~-f~O.~.o?c~~~-{~HoP~.·(~~)in an acidic

produce a sharp. colour change in· tile titration
of a stro~g acid against a ~t~~~g base?

[IYJ = R:_a rAc,i~l, .

(y)

.

.[ SaltJ .

.

.

-:•.

. (D) . . . [H+] ·= K LQruti
. .. a
.
. [ACid]
: ·• ·

.

I a~d II.qnly :,·

(B)
(C)

II and in only .
I, I1 and Ill

(D)

•\

Which::of ~he . _fello~ing statements is ·true

12.

?_. .
abou(K
• . Jp. •
.

9.

-~ · ·

s61uti6n?
·I.

(B)

.1

(C)

i

•!;

.·(B)

(D)

Can a~t as ·a cataJyst in
.

-

. . ·. .

.

-

At a given temperature, K,

.·Ute.K;p of.an:ionic solid indicates the
·relative concentration .of ions that

(C)

··
d·.~eaction
-· . . ·......

. (D)

. ~.

· · ·
· :~oltition. ':· ·
As _te_Jilp~rature changes~ the K,P of

. : : a_n(ip!JiC sol_i~ re~a~ns th.e same.
. T.h~ K,P value of an ionic soli~ can
'·.. :.1:?<1 obtained before s~turation point

· · · ~ ~ :;-'iS achieVed.
~

10.

:~
l

1

Wh~~h of the following does NOT describe a
.prop~rty of the buffering ~ction ·o·f mixture
of ammonium chlorid_e and aqueo~. s
ammonia? ·

a

(A)
(B)

ions.

..·

-

.. ~~~~ti~n ·~n·~~ :~ :2~-.

~onil,1m ions r~.a~t wi~li hydroxide

(D)

tons.
Ammonium chloride djssoc·ates

·

·

··t· Sn

2

+

is E 6

= +0 .15V.

';__ ·. · ·-: B~~e.d .on tP:is infonnation ONLY, which of
· . the foll<:)wing statements would be true?

.

(C)

· ·· ·

.. :The sia~dar~' :elec·trode potent.ial for the

J~.·-

· Ammoni~ molecules are basic.
hydrogen
Chloride iops re~ct with
...
-

is the

. . fo!Jrl :a .pr~cipit~te i~ a .saturated

· Alters' the pH· of a. sol.1:1tion to the ·
·
·· desired pH~
Does not. change in pH on ·addition
~fla.rge amouf!ts of aci4. or alkali

'

·

maximum amount of ionfc solid
·
; . ·:. . : ·:4issplved in a.$aturat~4 solution .

and. its corresponding salt

.

.i

·

Normally c~msis;ts of :;t weak aciq

(A)

l

i

(A)·

Which of the following is: true about a buffer

• 00

-_.

:

I•

1 ._ _. ·~ }~ ": :• .··. •: .:;•"

I.·· · ·.Tin'is a strong reducing agent.
Tin produces many stable c·ompounds

II.--

in the +2 state.

C<?mple~~ly in ~ater..

·

III.

Sn.4+ can oQ:itiize Cu 2+.

IV.

The E 8 Sn 4+/Sn2+ is generated using
a standard hydrogen e_lectrode.

(A)
(B)
(C)

I and _II only
II and III only
I and Illonly
IVonly

(D)

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
. ·-

r.'l'11 ")()I {)/f"'}()()_l

-·~-

---¥#W: -

-·.

~

-

=~

-6 -..
14.

Which. two eled~odes below wilJ-f~rn1 a ce11

with the latgesre:m.f?_··.;.
·:·

I.

Br2

II.

zn-z+

III.

... :

.. ··E·IV

2e- ~.2 ~(

+1..09

+ 2e-: :;:zn! :_

~.:.:0.76

-:

MnO+ sfi+ +: se-· -t~ Mn 2++
.·4
F~3 +

.. (A)

·.

...·< .... ·. :·:;,

4H 0

.:..·

2

·.

·+ 1.52

,;

_: ~

... ~- .· .:

..


~

.

....

:

IV.

;_;' . · Items 16-:and ·:17-.i tefeFto··the graphs b¢low

:· . . :·. '--~-- which:.~~ovi trends di.splayed· by elements in
· ._Period.J .....:· '::'.-'>< ·.<: ,.. .=-:·'_" ··:

+. e- ·-4 Fe2 +

+0.77

~

·:(·

...

~

{A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I and III imly
land IV only··.
II and III only
II and IV only

.. ·-··

I

p:·

s

Cl

p

s

CJ

P

S

CJ

P

S

Cl

(B)

..

15.

The· s·tandard electrode potentials
dichromate and iodide·iu-e:' .: r ·
1/2 Cr20/-. (aq)"+)~~~~q) + Je-

:-fo

: •• !

:? Crl~(aq

.+ 7/2 H 2 0 ~ +1.33V .·

...

. , ··.-_ccr···

I2(aq) + 2e- ~ 2I-(aq)_-~ ~0.54V
· From this it can b~ deduced
that
.....

.-: :!•"

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

acidified dichromate ..ions would
oxidise iodide ions. to iodine
electi-~ns·. w-o~-ic(fJ~w' from t'h~·
dichromate half cell" tcrthe iodine
half cell if the two are connected
iodin~ would o~idise c~nmtium (Ill)
ions to dichromate·. .· _;
combining both. half -~~ns· would
produce a __c~IJ potenti~i of l.87V

...... .

;

.. ~ ~ : . ·.. .

(D)
-.. ~

...

. .. . .:_..i~ .. -.~:~. :...
~. _.;. ~-·.

.•

. ··-: . ';: t . -~- ...: . -:.::_:,; ~ •. .·

.,:~

Na Mg AI

Si

. Match each of the items, below with one of
the options above. Each qption may be used
once, more than once or not at all.

i

16.

Ionic radius

17.

Melting point

·

-7 -.
Items ·18 and 19 refer to _tht?. follow ng
: · .· ~oxidation states.
(A)

+1

f
1

(~)

.i

(C)
(D)

+3
+6
. +7

I

/

~

2~ ... -·.,\WJ!qnpf)b~ foJlow.ing q~jd.e& of~leme.nts in

r?
q~c in_characte
t.Vi$ ~h~ .LEASTi~_i
Oro~p
.· .
····..
.
. . . . . ·.

(A)::~-_. :··l_-g9..0;:. ·~

_(B) ..- :S.~q '· ._., ··.·-~ .. ·..
(C) ·..-:.- CO - : .·
,CQ 2 ,· ..
-(D)

..

..

..

:

Whi~h qf _.th~ ."foljo_wing grap.hs MOST
. 24.
Match each underlined .~lement with ts
.
..
·
·
·
.oxidation .state. E~d{h~id~tion .state may be· .·. . -.· ·:.- ~~curat~.ly ~.r~-~r.~~e_ntS)he treiJd· ~n~;vo latil ity ·
roniine. ~~d. iocline?~:. ·
_ .of. chl9ri~e;:b.
. used once;-.nor~ tha~~on~e ·or n~t at.aH. : .
.

·. "'
.

I

...-.· .. ~A)·.

18.

<::

19 .
.I

j

20.

:I

l

Which of the following oxides has a_ s.im _le
· ·
molecular structure?··
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

number
Atomic
.·· ..

Na 2 0
Si02
Al2 0 3

{B)

S03

JI

21.·.
I

:j

Which of the following -~tatemehts al;>
Group II elements are corre,ct? ·.' :

t. · - ..

·· .

I

.J
]

I.

.:!.,

ll.

l

:t

III.

Atomic r;1~iu_s · in¥re~ses down t e
··
group.
Ionic radius de.creases down t e

· . ::_:_. .

group. .

;

IV.

i

!

.~

(A)
{B)
{C)
. (D)

22.

.

Io~isation energy' de<;r·e-ases

4o

·

· the group.·

Atomic nu~ber

::·{C).

Sulp~ate solu~jlity·incr~~ down

·. grotiii · ··'

~-,

·· .· .

:

I and III only

U _and UI ·only
I and IV only ··
Atomic number ..

'Il and IV only. ·

The metallic chara~ter of Group TV elemen s
increases down the gro"up ~ecause

(D)
t;.O

.5 .0
til·-

(A)
(B)
(C)

they are all reducing agents
their melting points are high
the +2 oxidation state becomes mo
stable

(D)

atomic radius increases for eac
successive element

~:3

....

~
(.)-

c
-

0

:>

Atomic number
GO QN TO Tl-IFNF_X .T.PA n-.:;

·=

------------------------------·--·"----·--·

=:

...

..•

J

J

25.

.:·· · ·, .:~Itemi'l9··refeis·to tlie:tabhi~which.-showS. the

The precipitate.fomied when iodide ions react
,vith AgNO/!tci) is· ;· ·.. · ~ .......·,

. opservations:made }fl:;.ih:e.:qfi~)li~iive-'.analysis.

(A)

soluble in dilute-nqueous·ammonia

of two cations, X and Y, \.\Sing dilute NaOH
·:· .~·-:
(aq) and Na2C03 (aq).

(B)
(C)

.:·: · . ·
yellow silver ioelide
cream silver hydroxide

Cation

!

(D)

soluble in nitric acid

i

'

J
J

Thei.r:_out~r electr~ns

II.

IV.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

II only··
IVonly
I and III onlyII and fV only

(C)

(D)

30 .

.
:- 4s

[ArJ I t-t.·l t-1-l·t-t.l ti I t.J- I.[LJ

t t ·I t l I t
3d-

(C)

[Ar]

[ArJ

Mg~+

.AP~

· Ba2+ ·. , ...
Mg2~ Zn2 + .:: .. • ·

Ca2+

.

*

A student adds dilute· hydrochloric acid to a .
satnple._of copper sulphite.: Which of the
· ·.foiJowihgTeageiits .wou_ld:;NOI:'be a useful
. ~-;' ··.;_, ·, '·· .
.·test for the gas :emitted?!·::
.

4s

I t -1- 1· t:.

·.

I. ffi]
4s

.-· ·.

.

·:'"' · _. ..._(A}· =.::<.Red litinus ·.-·· · ....:
(B) · Blue litmus .. ·· ·
=

···(tf: ·. ·:::N!Ao·~--~_.,fr'X~5tf~ ··:
.:<I?J ..·~ .. s~~q/~J~f(~gi.:'... ·.

I ti I t-1- l'tt I t-t,··l·ti.l [LJ
3d

(D)

.

..

."Pb2 +··,.: .. ::,... <;.-·:··

···".

3d

[ArJ I

CaH

··. _.:._.:

atom is r'epresented by : .. -· . .

.· 3d

The possible identities of X and.Y are .

(A)
. (B)

.The ground state configu_r~tioh for the copper ·.

·

WNt~_.B~8ipi~at~.;.;;t . )~~qjt~ precipitate

soluble iri·excess· .... with effervescence .
G~&· gives a:white
~recipitate with
Ca (OH)2(aq)

:..., .·. :.x·- .·. ;y;:_... :~ ,.:··.-: .-.-:.:··.

..

(B)

..... .X.:. ..

29.

.:

(A)

·.•

lfe in partially

filled 'p' sub-le-yel~. . .
_They cah have .vari~ble. oxidation·
states.
They usual~yhaye lo:w densities. ,

III.

27.

White .precipitate
White precipitate
. :··:";· : . : ..
:1_•• -·;r::.: .ex.ces~·.; ....; ·.::: '.·.·'': :,·.~:... :· .
X

• .•••. · :":. .1 •· insolubte·..in,

Which of the following ~ay·be,.considered · ·
true for transition elements? . - ::'
. ....._
Their co·m_pounds are :u.sually
I.
·
coloured. ·

26.

NaOH(aq)

·· ·

~·:

.

4s

I t~ -I t t I t~:·l t-1- 1·-t · I ;[ill
·r~.J .. ..-! .f~.~-

.

28_, · --Which of the fo~lowipg species CANNOT act
as a ligand for transition metal complexes of
· Cr1+?

H 20
NH 3

(A)
(B)
(C)

NH.~

(D)

c1-

·· l. \

:_., .. ··:

(A)

· ·compl¢.~~~i<?Jl.of. jmpurit~~s such as

(B)

prote~iJ~g. :th'e'_-:g~~phite .~r:t9de from

(C)

providing'_ a ·lower· melting·.:p-oint

·:

·,

· ··.· " ·-

· ~·

.·sodium.siiic~i~

o

2- .. i·o~s·

...:..: -~!i~~~~: .· i : .. · . .
. gent?r,atj.n_g AP~ .
dl~c·h~rged at

. .

ic;m~.

that are

the anode

'-.TF'F~Ttl TW~ "'TT:;"VT i.> A._G_C

~··· ·= i ~ -

.

=;;.._,-

___;.;;-..-:;;;;:::.

/

,.

-9 ·.· Tp; w_l!at \IS~ .c~.n..Jh~~ .:P~9-G.l!9.t~Jrpm JJ:lJ~
.. fractionl;ll d_i$t~lla~i~n ·qf c~~-~ C?i.J .1?-~ .put?. . . .

. l.

·II.
III.

•,

. • ,

r

I 1

~·:---:•

:·:

,

!

•t 0 ,I

•.

,,

.. •

,

,

...... ) .

,

1·~U¥Q ·a .~Jg~_ t~r;nperan~r~:employ~d?

Pn).~~_cing-~v~r&i.
.....
.. . ..
. . .. ·...

.,(J?).
.. .(C) .·

.. >....:·;

·...•

'i.
. :

·._ = :

·

:~·~:··~:h-~teii~r'·s··~rinciple does not

~ ·=· . :. f:tpplyJq:Ul~ :4t~u~trial manufacture
·1·- · .- qf aqm.t~:m~-~.-.:
·.

:, ·rh~ ~~-a~tio_n j~ ~_11dothermic .
. _ ·.:.· ..(C) ,,. >A.hi.gh,t~roper3:ture drives the ,.,.
...
eqU,j_ljqrjym f9rward.
. =: .. .(B) -·

.I, II .arid -lH ·;_

(D)

;

(A)

~

nr~nly :·.. :. _.>:-- .
I ~~d ll .only:.'.·... .
II -~n4j~ -only;:;.

(A)

P!PG.~-~s:pre9j~ts th.a;~.·~-~igg ~r~s~~~e and low
t~·mper,~tuJ~;:·:ar_~J.id.~aLL ·. H.Q.wever, a
teinperat_ure·of 400 to 500°~ is used. Why- is .

0

: ~a~~~g ~&?.ftflg ',i ..
lxfak~pg ~~~~J~.s ._

1

.-, ,o

Apply~ngJ..e_.~hat~li~r;s RDQ~ipl~ to the Haber

3_3.,

l

tPJ .· ;. ,:Tl)~::-.:~eac.tion .--rate at

lo.~er

_ · --~ ;; . :_: _;-... : .- · _. · _.t~rpp~ra~~re~ would be too-slow.
. ...

..

-

.·. ··\:

.

.

:.

'.l'

~In the-~anufac~~i:'e of chlorine by ei~ctrolysis of brine; the ionic ~quations . ·
34.
.
·:. for:fue·:pioce~s·es.·o~c.uring at the cathode and anode are .

.-

,·:- :.·.. : J

~-

.•=

Anode

Cathode

_(!\~
(B)

· · .. · --~Na+(aq) .+.2e·-~-2Na(l)

~Cr(aq) .7Ch(g) + 2e-

· 2~a~(a~)-; 2e· ~

2Na:<_i_).'·· - :_._"_·. --~-~-r~<~g).-~

· iCr (1}_-4' Cli(g)'+ 2C?- .

+. :2e- ~ 2Na(l)
. (C) . ' . · 2Na~(l)
. .. . .
~

c~-(~q~ :-7 ~l(g) ~ e~.

.:-_(I?).,_..... _.-:Na\~~j~ :1e- ~ Na(l)

35.

Which ofthe following is NOT a cpmmerciaJ
n? ··._.: .
methodof~lcqhol P~C?Q~~~jo
.····: .. ·
.

decrease the

··

·
Hydration
Fermenta tion

(C)

(D)

j

.

Aerq~i-~ ~~~P!r~~~9~

(B)

36.

in :~at~r is importan t to
aquatic iife .. Wh~ch of the following fact?rs

Dis~ol~e~ _Q~yg~n

37.

. -~nai-~o~i~-~~~p~~~tion_ · .:-· ~: ~

-(A)

r

.

Which of the following are importan t uses of
sulphur dioxide and its compoun ds?

Restricting the growth of mould
Inhibiting the oxidation of food
The Contact Process

I.

11.
III.

(A)

I and 11 only

(B)
(C)

I and 111 only
II and III only

(D)

I, II and III

_,_
----

.;

,4JOZ~·

Gh(~) + ~~-.:

.

conct?ntrati~n

of oxygen in ·

.. :··:
.

.

I. ·.; ·.:. . :

. II.

Dec~y ;of o'~g~~ic materia

is

Turbulep<;e. of the. water

.·~i1f ~~_-' _pl);tps~tpesi~-: · ·_

·

-· .. IV.:.. ·. J{espiratiqn,
......_
'..;·.·

.(~)
(B)
(C)
.(D)

I_ aDd Ill,
. I and IV
II and III
II and IV

nn ON TO THF. NEXT PAGE
.s::.
-.. m
~--~-----!!

ij

_..

. - 10.:

38.

·4f. -:: witi<::h: ·or the.;folibw"ing. ~t~tetri·ents :·ahdtit '

to

Catalytic· converters are-now w'idely used
reduce emissions of oxides of nitrogen, carbon
monoxid e and hydroca rbons ... :. :·

··~. .·-~pu'rific~tioh tif~bihe~tw '.Wat~r 1is NOT true?

Which of the followin g·;a:re·M OST likely ·
taking place in the converte rs?

I.

Carbon monoxide+ hydrocarbon~

II.

carbon dioxide and water.
Carbon nion·ox~ide +:·oxid es: of·
ni~rogen ~ carbon iiioxide and

(B)

· ·-withsoil·w·ater:!: · :

(A)

I and II only
I and Ill onty·
II and Ill only ·:.:;:
I, II and III

39.

. :..:.·
·.

.. ..

:~, ~-- :· ...:

40.

:-.(C)- .·-.·PhQ.tospJt¢re

•.

:·:. ··.

Which ofthe following combin~doris includes.

Q

•••

: t

~.

••

. . .:

.........

.

. . Ammonia" is used. to minufac tllre fertiiizers
. . . ·:1n~t~t~ifi~iit::nit;6·ge.rl"" is. essenlial for "th~
; ·~-·· ·. :-fotm"ittiorh)fplirit'protein. ·.
.

· ~--Wbich-{erlilizet :would

.{_B)
(C)
(D)

plant

Arn~orliun{l-Htr-ate,'NH 4N0 3 •
·.
Urea~ .(i-·r~~) 2 CO.
. (B)
(C) ·. -. ·Ahirlioniuiri..'J~tiqsphate,:.(NH 4 ) 3PO 3
(A)

(D)

Potassr~~~\~~~~tt~J:~KNo~· ('·

;

.

(A}

_be BEST for

--~~".4~? :; .·. ;: ·:··!. ·--~'~:.--:·· .

renewab le energy alternati ves· ONLY?

· Hydrosph-ere .

· · ·Item.43.refers to the followin g informat ion.

·.
are lighter than CFCs.. ·
~re more polar than CFCs
break down in the troposphe·re more.· .. 4~.
·
readily tha.ti CFCs · .
are less volatile than'CFCs
.

Stratosphere
"(A)
. (B).·· .. :TJ;OP9~Ph~re
. (D)

to

(D)

·.: ... ·. :.

.: .• r.

.·CFCs (chloro fluoroc arb.ons ). are being
replace d by HCFCs ~. (hy~irochloro­
fluoroca rbons) in an effort break dowrl
. less ozone.· This is because HCFCs
{A)
. (B)
(C)

·ti-eaimerit 6nty.

In ~hich laye~ of the atiriosphere. is ·ozo~e
·detrime ntal to hl.unan·health?

42.

·;~:J,·=·:

of

l#ge·

(0)

gas.

(D)

Very:s.lrialFartlou'nfs of chlorine can
-~mbunts water.
. purifY
Ozone ··p-fi'fifi~s water aflhe. time of

(C)

Oxides of nitrogen ·are converte d by
th~ action of the catalyst to nitrogen .

(B)
(C)

water

to form
hyp<Jclilorou~~a:Jid,_HOCL
A"i~btciilogerr; triciilorometha·ne can .
be .fonned ..when· chl<?rine reacts

.

nitrogen gas.
III.

- Chlorine're~cu{Viith

(A}

. .... .
~

Tidal, wind; ge?th,ermal ~d solar
Wind, coal, riuCieat and gl6therm al
Geother mal, hydroelectric,.tidal and
gasohol
Wood, petrc;>l, peat. and m~~hane

GO QN TO THE NEXT PAGE
' =::.

.•

l

!

,

".

•• , . ·

'

- 11 -

.... ".

44.

I

greenhouse effect caused··by- g~~e~ su
C02 in the atmosphere~

(A)

the formation of photochemic al smog?

as

.

·

Promotion ~f photpdi~spci
Absorption of infrared radiation ·.··

Free radic~l fonitation

(A)

Su1phurdioxide

(.B).·

Ozone
Oxygen
Nitrogendiox ide

(C)
.(D)

.

reactions ·
(B)
(C)
(D)

Which of the following is NOT involved in.

. 45.

Which of ~he fo11owing represent

.•

. .

~bsorption of ultra':'oilet radia~i

I
r

IFYOUFIN ISHBEFO RETIMEI SC

i

LED,CHE CKYOUR WORKON THISTEST .

I
I
---

I
I

·i·
I

·I.

!!

022120 l 0/C 2007

-·..;.

·
-~ ..........
wti

-

::

.

~

·=*~

.. :. ~

_

- l_.

·~-

__:__;====::::::::i~~=-~

~.........__

.

·::

~-

#lii!iiii&

---··- -1

CARIBBEAN EXAMINAT IONS COUNCIL
ADVANCEDPROFICIENCYEXAMINATION

SPECIMEN PAPER ·
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
FOR

CHEMisTRY
UNIT 2 - Paper 01
90 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING DIRE.CTIONS CAREFULLY
Each item in thistesthas"foursug gestedanswers lettered (A), (B), (C),(D). Read each item you are
aboutto answer and decide which choice is best.
Sample Item
Whichofthefotlowingisthehighestenergy~ransition in an organic compound?

(A)

(B)
(C)
(D)

Sample Answer

n to cr*
n to 1t*
cr to cr*
1t to 1t*

The best answer to this item is "cr to cr*", so a~swer space (C) has been blackened.

Copyright© 2005 Caribbean Examinations Council®.
·All-rights reserved.

0221201 O/SPEC2007

~2-

1.

Which of the followi ng may be respons ible
for the wide diversity of organic compounds?

I.

n.
III.

IV.

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

2.

Carbon forms strong bonds with
itself.
Carbon forms four bonds.
Carbon exists in three allotrop ic
forms.
Carbon acquire s a full octet of
electrons.
land II only
II and ill only
I, II and IV only

H

H

~
H-C .- C- C..;.... C

I

I

I

@

.·~ ~
(B)

(A)

(CH3) 2CHCH2 0H

(B)

NH2CH 2COOH

(C)

N}\CH (CH3 ) COOH

(D)

(CH3) 2CHOC H3

Which. of the followi ng feature s may be
charact eristic of conden sation polytrters?

II.
III.

I, IT, Ill and IV

H

4.

Which of the followi ng compou nds can be
resolve d into optical isomers?

I.

I~

Which of the followi ng is the structur e of2phenyl butanoic acid?

(A)

3.

H

H

H

I

I

I

0

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Presenc e of OH and COOH groups
in monotners
Elimination of a small molecu le
Region of unsatur atio.n in the
monomers
lonly
II only
I and II only
I, II and lli

'oH
O

~

H-c -c-c -c
'on
I .l I
H (gJ H

(C)

H" .H

I

I

H COOH

I~

H-C -C-C --\9)

(D)

I

I

I

·H

H

H

H

H

H

1 ___ 1

I

~

0

H-· c-c- c-@ -c
I

H

I

H

I

H

'oH

-----

GO ONTO THE NEXT Pf\GE

0221201 O/SPEC2007

-3-

5.

Qiana is a polymer that feels like silk and has the following generalized partial structure:

0

H ·

H

II

I

I

tc-:X-C-N-Y-N:t
II
0

The pair of monomers in Qiana is
(A)

-

qo
c-x-c

and

'oH

HO/

..

H

H

0~

/
N-Y-N
H/
'H

'

...

t.;

'i
i--

(B)

and

C-Y-C

·.i
..

· 'oa

HO/

(C)

'

//0

'

H/

'oH

H

N-Y-C

and

N-X-C

H/

/

N-X-N
H/
'H

H

qo

H

'

H

qo

0~

'oH
..·_

..

(D)

H

'

H

qo
and

N-Y-C

H/.

'H

/
N-X-N

'

H/

H

.. ·::

'H

. ·'

........

.

--

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
0221201 O/SPEC2007

.

•'

~

-46.

Which of the following represent naturally
occuring macromolecules?·

0

0

II

II

-NH-C- (CH2 )4

(I)

-

C- NH(CH2 )6 -

..
<

HHOHHO

I

I

II

I

I - II

-N-C-C-N-C-C1
I

(II)

C~

CH2

I

OH

(III)

(IV)

-co-@-co-o-cH2 -cH 2 -o-

,:·
I

!~ '

r~ ..

(A)
. (B)
(C)
(D)

I and II only
II and III only

m and IV only
I and IV only

·.....

7.

To which carbon atom in the compound below
will an electrophile be attached?

~0

.',.'t>

c

_ / 'o-H
(C)

GOONTOTHENEXTPAOE

0221201 O/SPEG2007

.;. 5-

8.

Chlorine reacts with methane to form
chloromethane! The organic intermediate in
the reaction is
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

9.

12.

Which of the following is NOT oxidised by
KMn04 / H+(aq)?
H "" H

(A)

an ion
an electrophile
anucleophile
a free radical

I

I

H

H

1:.

I

H-C-C=C-C-H

I
H

Compounds X, Y and Z below are isomers.
X

(B)

I
H

CH3 -c-c~

II

0

(C)

H

"-c~

0

@
(D)

H

H

I

I

H-C-C -OH

The order of decreasing ease of removal of
the bromide ion by hydrolysis is

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

X>Y>Z
Z>Y>X
Y>X>Z
Y>Z>X

Items 10 and 11 refer to the following
compounds:

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I
H
13.

I
H

Which pair of compounds is formed when
benzene and methyl benzene undergo
nitration?
(A)

(B)

CH3 CH 2 COCH 3
CH3 CH 2 CONH2
CH 3CH 2CHO
CH3 COOCH2 CH3

Match EACH item below with one of the
options above, each of which may be used
once, more than once or not at all.

10.

Aldehyde

11.

Ester

(C)

(D)

and
N02

~'
N02

UUUN TUTHENEXTPAGE

02212010/SPEC2007

-6-

14.

Ethanoic acid turns blue litmus red but ethanol
does not, because ethanoic acid
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

has a polar - OH bond but ethanol
does not
has a higher pka value than ethanol
is a stronger acid than ethanol
is. more miscible with water than
ethanol

1 ! / For which pair oftitrations is meth~l orange
(indicator range 2.9- 4.6) BES! smted?
(A).
(B)

(C)
(D)·

15.

Which of the following statements about
aminoethanoic acid, N~C~COOH, is NOT
true?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

16

Its aqueous solution has a pH of 7.
It has a high melting point.
It is soluble in base only. ·
It is soluble in both acid and base.

25.0 cm 3 of an aqueous iron (II) salt is
acidified with an equal volume of dilute
sulphuric acid and titrated against 0.02 mol
dm·3 potassium manganate (VII) solution.
The endpoint is 30.0 cm3 •
F 3+ M 2+ 4H 0
+
2+
5Fe(aq)+Mn04(aq)+8H(aq) ~5 e(aq) + n(aq) + 2 (I)

In an iron determination, a student obtains a
mean value of.35.50% for the iron content
and a standard deviation ofO.Ol. The actual
value for the percentage of iron in the sample
is 39.45. In terms of precision and accuracy,
:whiCh option best describes the student's
results?

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Strong acid- strong base AND strong
acid - weak base
Strong base - weak acid AND weak
acid - weak base
Strong acid- strong base AND weak
acid- weak base
Strong acid- weak base AND strong
base - weak acid

High accuracy and high precision
High accuracy and low precision
Low accuracy and high precision
Low accuracy and low precision

The correct concentration of the iron (II) ions,
in mol dm·3 , is
5

(A)

(B)

X

0.02

25.0
X

30.0

5 X 0.02

X

30.0

25.0

5 X 0.02 X 25.0
(C)

30.0
25.0

(D)

.-17.

Which of the following is NOT a
characteristic of primary standards used in
titrimetric analysis?

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

5

X

0.02

X

30.0

High purity
Stable in air
Deliquescent
Soluble

GOONTOTHENE XTPAGE

0221201 O/SPEC2007

Treatment of an 8.00g sample containing a
lead ore with excess sulphur ic acid yields
4. 75g of lead (II) sulphate.

20.

23.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

The correct expression for the percentage of
lead in the sample is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

207

X

8.00

303

X

4.75

303

.X

4.75

207

X

8.00

207

X

4.75

303

X

8.00

303

X

8.00

207

X

4.75

X

100

X

100·

X

100

X

100

Which of the following is the highest energy
transition in an organic compound?

n to cr*
n ton+
cr to cr*
7t to 1t*

Item 24 refers to the followi ng structu re of
caesalpinin.

OH
OCOCH3
OCOCH3

Which region of the electro magne tic
spectrum below provides the required energy
for n.m.r spectroscopy?

21.

24.
I

I

(A)

I

I

ltf

r

(B) 1visible (C)

(D)

The compound caesalpinin exhibits absmption
at wave numbers 3400 cm-1 and 1750 em·' in
theIR spectru m. Which functio nal groups
are respons ible for these absorpt ions?

. wavelen gth increase s - . .

22.

Which is the correct sequence of steps for
the detection of the concentration of heavy
metals in marine sedime nts by Atomic
Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS)?
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

Concentration of sample solution~
aspiration ~ atomisation
Concentration of sample solution~
· atomisation ~ aspiration
Aspira tion --+ concen tration of
sample solution~ atomisation
Atomis ation ~ concen tration of
sample soluti~n ~ aspiration

(A)

-oHa ndc =o

(B)

(C)

C-Ha nd- OH
I
-ORan d

(D)

-p-oa nd 1C =o

/

-f-0

I

'\.

GOON TOTH ENEX TPAG E

0221201 O/SPEC2007

- 8Item 25 refers to the diagram below which shows a double beam instrument used in spectroscopic
analysis ofliquidlsolution.

25.

What is the name ofthe device labelled I?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Grating
Photodetector
Shutter
Monochromator

Item 26 refers to the following information.

27.

Hydrogen bromide undergoes fragmentation
when passed into a spectrometer. Bromine
has two isotopes, Br-79 and Br-81. The

Which of the following atomic nuclei pairs
both have nuclear spin?

H and 13 C
and 24Mg
19
F and 23Na
32p and Jlp
2

(A)

1H

(B)

(C)
(D)

hydrogen involved here has only : H
isotope. The spectrum is given below.

Item 28 refers to the following n.m.r
spectrum of a compound of molecular formula
C2 H3 Cl 3 •

n
IV
I

m
-

79 80 81 82 83 84

J.Lle

26. /. Which ofthe following combinations of ionic
J
isotopes is resp~msible for the. peaks at mass
79, 80, 81 and 82J
Particle
III

I

II

(A)

79Br+

: H 79Br+

(B)

79Br

(C)

79Br+

(D)

79ar·

H 79Br-

, H 7!1Br +

s•ar

H RIBr

s•ar+

H 79Br

siar·

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

10

I

I

I

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

IV

a•Br+

. H 79Br+

I

-~

28.

Which of the following compounds may be
assigned to the n.m.r. spectrum?

H s•ar+
H Blar

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Chloroethane
Trichloroethane
1,1, 1 -Trichloroethane
1,1,2- Trichloroethane
GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE

02212010/SPEC2.007

-929.

Whcih of the following are all examples of
commonly used stationary phases in
chromatography ?
(A)
(a)
(C)
(D)

30.

32.

Which fractions wou1d be obtained between
oc respectively?

20-200 oc and 275-375

Cellulose, alumina, starch
Silica gel, alumina, cellulose
Silica gel, cellulose, sodium chloride
Alumina, silica gel, aluminium chloride

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

A solution of5gofan organic compound X in
200 cm3 of water is shaken with 100 cm3 of
choloroform. 1.3g of the acid remain in the
aqueous solution at equilibrium. The partition
coefficient of X between water and
chloroform is

Crude oil is separated into petroleum products
·
by use of fractional distillation.

33.

oc

20-200 oc

275-375

Bitumen
Diesel
Naphtha
Diesel

refinery gas
kerosene
refinery gas
gasoline

Purified N 2 gas and H 2 gas are reacted
together to form ammonia as shown below.

...

N 2 (g)+ 3H2 (g) catalyst~ 2NH3(g)
(A)

(B)

3.7
6.5

tlH=-92 kJ moC 1

3.7

X

6.5

X

Based on Le Chatelier's principle, which
combination of pressure and temperature
would give the highest yield of ammonia?

10-2
10-3

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

6.5

(C)

-

(D)

10-2
3.7 X 10-2

3.7
6.5

X

34.
31.

In the conversion ofbauxite to pure aluminium
oxide, what is the compound obtained after
filtering and adding carbon dioxide to the
impure bauxite?

(A)

Al(OH)3

(B)

Al(OH) 4-

(C)

SiO/-

(D)

Al 2 (C0 3) 3

Low temperature, low pressure
Low temperature, high pressure
High temperature, high pressure
High temperature, low pressure

Ethane I formed by fermentation will destroy .
. the enzyme-produci ng yeast. What is the
1owest percentage of alcohol at which this
occurs?

(A)
(B)

3
13

(C)

20
30

(D)

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
02212010/SPEC 2007

- 10-

35.

The oxygen -gas used in the contact process
must be dust free to avoid poisoning the
vanadium (V) oxide catalyst. Which reaction
would be affected if dust is present?

t

(A)

S(g) + 0 2(g)

(B)

2S(g) + 302 (g)

(C)

2SO/g) + 0 2 (g)

(D)

2S(g) + 302 (g) + 2H 2 0(1) -t
~

3 9.

It is estimated that one chlorine radical can
break down 100 000 ozone molecules.
Which feature of o:hlorine radicals may
account for this?

S02(g)

(A)
(B)
(C)

t 2S0 (g)
3

1 2S0 (g)
3

(D)

Regeneration by reacting with ozone
Ionization of oxygen gas
Chlorine monoxide radicals formed
with oxygen
Reaction with ozone to form more
oxygen gas

2~S0 4 (aq)

40.
36.

Sulphur dioxide is used in food preservation
because it Is
(A)

(B)
(C)
(D)

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

weakly acidic
a reactive gas
a reducing agent
colourless

41.
37.

A polluted river near a paint factory is tested
with acidified potas~ium iodide and a bright
yellow precipitate is observed. Which ofthe
fo IIowing pollutants is likely to be present?

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

38.

PO/CN·
Cr3+
Pb 2+

The substance formed in combustion engines
of vehicles, which may lead to the formation
of acid rain is

Which of the following CANNOT be used to
control atmospheric pollution?

Water can be purified by all of the following
EXCEPT

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

42.

desalination
reverse osmosis
distillation
sublimation

The ozone layer is a thick blanket over the
earth's surface. It prevents ultraviolet
radiation from entering· the earth's
atomosphere. Where is the ozone layer
located?

(A)
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Using cleaner fuel~ in industrial plants
Using catalytic converters in vehicles
Decreasing vegetation in urban areas
Using chemical scrubbers

(B)
(C)
(D)

Troposphere
Stratosphere
Ionosphere
Mesosphere

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE

02212010/SPEC2007

- 11 -

43.

Which properties of aluminium make it
suitable for constructing airplanes?
I.
II.

Low density
High tensile strength

III.

Impenneable oxide

IV.

Conduc~ electricity

(A)
(B)
{C)
(D)

I, IT and III only
I, II and IV only
II, III and IV only
I, II, III and IV

45.

44.

The term 'residence time' for gases in the
atmosphere refers to the length of time the
gas

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

takes to move from the earth's
surface to the upper regions of the
atmosphere
remains in the atmosphere until it·is
removed in a sink
takes to move from the troposphere
to the stratosphere
reaches a concentration to become
a pollutant in the atmosphere

Which of the following chemicals forms a
non-toxic substan~e when it reacts with
nitrogen monoxide?·

(A)
(B)

CH4
H 20

(C)
(D)

80 2
CO

. J
l
.l
l
l

l
l
l
l
•l

•]

J
]

J
l.

J
J

J
iJ