You are on page 1of 6

LM317

Vishay

New Product

formerly General Semiconductor

3-Terminal Adjustable Output Positive Voltage Regulators


Pin Arrangement
TO-263
(LM317CM)
2

TO-220

(LM317CT)

1. Adjust
2. Vout
3. Vin
Heatsink is connected to pin 2

Features
Output adjustable between 1.2V and 37V

Vin

Vout

Internal thermal overload protection

LM317
Cin
0.1F

The LM317 is an adjustable 3-terminal positive voltage


regulator capable of supplying in excess of 1.5A over an
output voltage range of 1.2V to 37V. This voltage regulator
is exceptionally easy to use and requires only two external
resistors to set the output voltage. Further, it employs internal
current limiting, thermal shutdown and safe area compensation, making it essentially blow-out proof.

Output current in excess of 1.5 ampere

Standard Application

IADJ

Description

R1
Adjust 240

Co
1F

R2

Internal short-circuit current limiting


constant with temperature
Output transistor safe-area compensation
Floating operation for high voltage applications
Eliminates stocking many fixed voltages

Notes:
Cin is required if regulator is located an appreciable distance from power
supply filter.
Co is not needed for stability, however, it does improve transient response.
Vout = 1.25V (1 + R2 / R1) + IAdj R2
Since IAdj is controlled to less than 100A, the error associated with this
term is negligible in most applications

Mechanical Data
Case: TO-220 and TO-263 packages
Weight: approx. 1.35g
Case outlines are on the back page.

Functional Block Diagram

Input
3

+
-Voltage
Reference

Protection
Circuitry

Rlimit
2
Output

Vadj
1

Maximum Ratings

Ratings at 25C ambient temperature unless otherwise specified.

Parameter

Symbol

Value

Unit

Vi-Vo

40

Vdc

RJC

3.0
3.0

Power Dissipation, 25C Case Temperature

PD

15

Operating Junction Temperature Range

TJ

0 to +125

Tstg

65 to +150

Input-Output Voltage Differential


Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance

Storage Junction Temperature Range


Document Number 74809
30-Oct-02

TO-220
TO-263

www.vishay.com
1

LM317
Vishay
formerly General Semiconductor

Electrical Characteristics LM317


Vi -Vo = 5V, Io = 0.5A, TJ = Tlow to Thigh (see Note 1), Imax and Pmax per Note 2, unless otherwise noted.
Parameter

Symbol

Line Regulation (Fig. 1) (3)


3.0V VI Vo 40V

REG line

Load Regulation (Fig. 2) (3)


TJ = 25C, 10mA Io 1.5A

REG load

Load Regulation (Fig. 2) (3)


10mA Io 1.5A

REG load

Thermal Regulation

REG therm

Adjustment Pin Current (Fig. 3)

Conditions

Min.

Typ.

Max.

TA = 25C

0.01

0.04

TJ = 0C thru 125C

0.02

0.07

Vo 5.0

25

mV

Vo 5.0

0.1

0.5

%Vo

Vo 5.0

20

70

mV

Vo 5.0

0.3

1.5

%Vo

TJ = 25C, 20ms Pulse

0.03

0.07

%Vo/W

50

100

IAdj

Unit
%Vo/V

Adjustment Pin Current Change

IAdj

10mA IL 1.5A
2.5V VI Vo 40V

0.2

Reference Voltage (Fig. 3) (4)

Vref

10mA Io 1.5A
3V VI Vo 40V

1.225

1.25

1.275

Temperature Stability (Fig. 3)

TS

Tlow TJ Thigh

%Vo

Min. Load Current to Maintain Regulation (Fig. 3)

ILmin

VI Vo = 40V

3.5

10

mA

Maximum Output Current (Fig. 3)

Imax

VI Vo 15V

1.5

2.2

VI Vo = 40V, TJ = 25C

0.15

0.4

TJ = 25C, 10HZ f 10KHZ

0.003

%Vo

RR

Vo = 10V, f = 120HZ(5)
CAdj = 10F

66

65
80

dB

TJ = 125C(6), TJ = 25C for


Endpoint Measurements

0.3

1.0

RJC

Tlow TJ Thigh

5.0

C/W

RMS Noise, % of Vo
Ripple Rejection (Fig. 4)
Long-Term Stability (after 1000 hr)

Fig. 3

Thermal Resistance Junction to Case

Notes:
(1) Tlow = 0C Thigh = 125C
(2) Imax = 1.5A Pmax is internally limited
(3) Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Changes in Vo due to heating effects must be taken into account separately.
Pulse testing with low duty cycle is used.
(4) Selected devices with tightened tolerance reference voltage available.
(5) CAdj, when used, is connected between the addjustment pin and ground.
(6) Since Long-Term Stability cannot be measured on each device before shipment, this specification is an engineering estimate of average stability from lot to lot.

www.vishay.com
2

Document Number 74809


30-Oct-02

LM317
Vishay
formerly General Semiconductor
Fig. 1 Line Regulation Test Circuit

Fig. 2 Load Regulation and


Iadj /Load Test Circuit

V
V
Line Regulation (%/V) = OH -- OL x100
VOL
VIH
VIL

Vin

VOH
VOL

Vout

Load Regulator (mV) = Vo(min. Load) -- Vo(max. Load)


Vo(min. Load) -- Vo(max. Load)
Load Regulator (%Vo) =
x100
Vo(min. Load)

VI

Vin

LM317

IADJ

IL

LM317
240
1%

Adjust R1

IADJ

Co
RL

Cin
0.1F

1F

Pulse Testing Required:


1% Duty Cycle is Suggested

Adjust R1

240
1%

Cin

RL
(min.
Load)

Co

0.1F

R2
1%

VOH (min. Load)


VOL (max. Load)

Vout

1F

R2
1%

Pulse Testing Required:


1% Duty Cycle is Suggested

Fig. 3 Standard Test Circuit

Fig. 4 Ripple Rejection Test Circuit


24V
14V
f = 120HZ

Vin

Vin

Vout
IL

LM317

IADJ
VI

Adjust R1

240
1%

R1

Vref

Adjust

Cin

Co

0.1F

1F

R2
1%

Document Number 74809


30-Oct-02

Vo = 10V
240
1%

Cin
RL

ISET

Pulse Testing Required:


1% Duty Cycle is Suggested

Vout
LM317
1N4002
Co

Vo

RL
0.1F

CAdj
R2
1%

To Calculate R2:
Vo = ISET R2 + 1.250V
Assume ISET = 5.25mA

*D1

Vo

1F

10F

*D1 Discharges CADJ if

Output is Shorted to Ground

www.vishay.com
3

LM317
Vishay
formerly General Semiconductor

Ratings and
Characteristic Curves (T

= 25C unless otherwise noted)

Fig. 6 Current Limit

Fig. 5 Load Regulation


4

0.4
0.2
IL = 0.5A

0
--0.2

IL = 1.5A
--0.4
VI = 15V
Vo = 10V

--0.6

Io -- Output Current (A)

Vo -- Output Voltage Change (%)

0.6

3
TJ = 25C
2

--0.8
--1.0
--75

0
--50 --25

25

50

75

100 125 150 175

10

Fig. 7 Adjustment Pin Current

30

40

Fig. 8 Dropout Voltage


VI -- Vo -- Input -- Output Voltage
Differential (Vdc)

70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
--75

20

3.0

75

IADJ -- Adjustment Pin Current (A)

TJ = --55C

TJ = 150C

--50 --25

25

50

75

Vo = 100mV
2.5
IL = 1.5A
IL = 1.0A

2.0

IL = 500mA
1.5
IL = 200mA
IL = 20mA
1.0
--75

100 125 150 175

Fig. 9 Temperature Stability

--50 --25

25

50

75

100 125 150 175

Fig. 10 Minimum Operating Current


5.0

1.260

IO -- Quiescent Current (mA)

Vref -- Reference Voltage (V)

4.5
1.250

1.240

1.230

4.0
TJ = 25C
3.5
TJ = --55C

TJ = 150C

3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5

1.220
--75

0
--50 --25

www.vishay.com
4

25

50

75

100 125 150 175

10

20

30

40

50

Document Number 74809


30-Oct-02

LM317
Vishay
formerly General Semiconductor

Ratings and
Characteristic Curves (T

= 25C unless otherwise noted)

Fig. 12 Ripple Rejection


vs. Output Current

Fig. 11 Ripple Rejection


vs. Output Voltage
140

100

120

80

RR -- Ripple Rejection (db)

RR -- Ripple Rejection (db)

CAdj = 10F

Without CAdj
60

40
VI -- Vo = 5V
IL = 500mA
f = 120HZ
TJ = 25C

20

10

15

20

25

30

35

CAdj = 10F

100
80

Without CAdj

60
40

VI = 15V
Vo = 10V
f = 120HZ
TJ = 25C

20
0
0.01

40

0.1

Fig. 13 Ripple Rejection


vs. Frequency

Fig. 14 Output Impedance

100

101
VI = 15V
Vo = 10V
IL = 500mA
TJ = 25C

80

Output Impedance ()

RR -- Ripple Rejection (db)

10

Io -- Output Current (A)

Vo -- Output Voltage (V)

CAdj = 10F
60

Without CAdj

40
IL = 500mA
VI = 15V
Vo = 10V
TJ = 25C

20

0
10

100

100

10--1
Without CAdj
10--2
CAdj = 10F

1K

10K

100K

10--3
10

1M

100

f -- Frequency (Hz)

1K

10K

100K

1M

f -- Frequency (Hz)

Fig. 15 Line Transient Response

Fig. 16 Load Transient Response


Vo -- Output Voltage
Deviation (V)

3
1.5
1.0
CL = 1F CAdj = 10F
0.5
0
--0.5

Vo = 10V
IL = 50mA
TJ = 25C

--1.0

2
1

CL = 1F CAdj = 10F

0
--1
--2
CL = 0 Without CAdj

--3

IL -- Load
Current (A)

VI -- Input Voltage Vo -- Output Voltage


Change (V)
Deviation (V)

CL = 0
Without CAdj

--1.5
1.0

VI

0.5
0

VI = 15V
Vo = 10V
INL = 50mA
TJ = 25C

1.5
1.0

IL

0.5
0

10

20

t -- Time (s)
Document Number 74809
30-Oct-02

30

40

10

20

30

40

t -- Time (s)
www.vishay.com
5

LM317
Vishay
formerly General Semiconductor

TO-220 Case Outline

10.25 0.25

4.85
0.375
1.27
0.12

3.84 0.6 Dia.

2.69 0.25
6.26 0.25

14.8 0.51
8.54 0.26
28.7 0.92

3.94 0.375

13.9 0.41

Dimensions in
millimeters

0.387 0.09

1.3 0.185

2.53
0.185

2.55
0.375

0.8 0.12

TO-263 Case Outline

10.29

4.47

1.65
20

1.27

8.5
15.24

Seating Plane
.10

8 Max.
2.54

2.54

0.8
0.6

Dimensions in
millimeters

www.vishay.com
6

Document Number 74809


30-Oct-02