Maths for engineering students

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Maths for engineering students

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You are on page 1of 19

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

(DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER FORENSICS)

NAME

JACK MAMBWE

SIN

1304944224

PROGRAM

COMPUTER FORENSICS

COURSE

: HIGHER MATHS 2

SEMISTER

: TWO

ASSIGNMENT NO.

:1

Question 1

a

P = 5000x - 125x2

(dp/dx)>0, for profit to increase

P=5000x-125x2

0>5000-250x

if x>20; then

0<5000x-125x2

X<20

For maximum profit x=20

dp/dx =5000x-125x2

x\=20

Question 2

y = f(x) = x4 6x3 + 12x2 8x

y

x = 0 at turning points on the curve

y

4

3

2

x (x 6x + 12x 8x)

= 4x3 18x2 + 24x2 8

If f(x) is divided by (x a) the f (a) = 0 and (x a) is a factor of f(x)

If x = 2; then

f (2) = 4(2)3 18(2)2 + 24(2)2 8

= 32 72 + 48 8

=0

Hence (x -2) is a factor of 4x3 18x2 + 24x2 8

If x = 1/2; then

f (1/2) = 4(1/2)3 18(1/2)2 + 24(1/2)2 8

= 1/2 9/2 + 12 8

=0

Hence (x - 1/2) is a factor of 4x3 18x2 + 24x2 8

If Dy2/Dx2 = 0, the stationary point is point of inflexion

Dy2/Dx2 (4x3 18x2 +24 xs2 8)

= 12x2 36x + 24

When x = 2;

Dy2/Dx2 = 0

When x =1/2;

Dy2/Dx2> 0, hence (1/2, -27/16) is minimum

When x = 0; y = f(x) = x4 6x3 + 12x2 8x

=0

Hence, the equation of the tangent at point of inflexion

at the point (2,0) , gradient is 0

y=mx+c

0=c

Equation

Y=0

And

Y=-27/16

Question 3

2x

1+ x 2

Y=

sin 1

sin y=

2x

1+ x2

(1)

1+ x 2

Let u= 2 x

And u=siny

du=cosy

dy

Now;

Cosy=

1sin2 y

1(

2x 2

)

1+ x 2

dy/du=

1

2

1(

2x

)

1+ x 2

1+ x 2

u= 2 x

d 2x

(

)

dx 1+ x2

( 1+ x 2 ) .22(2 x 2)

dy

cosy =

2 2

dx

(1+ x )

2 ( 1+ x 2 )4 x 2

(1+ x2 )2

2(1x 2)

dy

cosy=

dx

(1+ x 2 )2

2

dy 2 ( 1x ) 1

=

.

dx ( 1+ x 2 )2 cosy

=

1x 2

Cosy= 1+ x 2

dy 2 ( 1x )

=

.

dx ( 1+x 2 )2

1(

2x 2

)

2

1+ x

b

2

y= ( x +1 tan x

By product rule, we get;

x

d ( 2 )

x +1

dx

d

y ' =( x 2+1 )

dx

tan 1 + tan1 x .

=(

x 2+1 .

1

+ tan1 x (2 x)

(x +1)

2

c

y= sin

sin y =

1x2

1x 2

d

d

siny= ( 1x 2 )

dx

dx

dy

x

. cosy=

dx

1x 2

But Cosy=

dy

1

=

dx 1x 2 .

1

1sin2 y

1sin2 y

1

1

2

= 1x . x

1

1

Hence, y = 1x 2 . x

d

y= e

sin x+tan x

du

1

=cosx+ 2

dx

x +1

, Y=

eu

dy u

=e

du

By chain rule;

dy dy du

= .

dx du dx

cosx+

1

x +1

2

dy

=

dx

={

eu

( x2 +1 ) cosx+1

2

x +1

}. e

sinx+ tan x

Hence, y= e

sin x+tan x

={

( x2 +1 ) cosx +1

2

x +1

}. e

sinx+ tan x

e

2

dy

1

d

= 2

. ( x 2+tanx+ arcCscx)

dx x +tanx+arcCscx dx

1

x +tanx+arcCscx

2

2 x+sec 2 xcotxCosecx

x 2 +tanx+arcCosecx

Question 4

Show that

. { 2 x + sec xcotxCscx }

2 x +sec 2 xcotxCosecx

x 2 +tanx+arcCosecx

(nr )

n

(nr

)

(nr )

Therefore,

(103)

n

(nr

)

and

10

(103

)

10

(103

)

(107 !!)

10 x 9 x 8 x 7 x 6 x 5 x 4

= 7 x 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 =120

Question 5

a

(x 2)5

a = x; b = -2

=

(50)

(x5 )(-2)0 +

(55 )

(x0)(-2)5

(51 )

(x4 )(-2)1 +

(52 )

(x3 )(-2)2 +

(53)

(x2 )(-2)3 +

(54 )

2)4

+

= (1) (x5) + (5) (-2x4) + 10(4x3) + (10) (-8x2) + (5) (16x) + (1) (1) (-32)

b

(x1/x)6 = x/x = 1

Hence, (x 1/x) 6= 1

(2x 1)5

a = 2x; b = -1

25

(50 )

+ 21

(x5 )(-1)0 + 24

(54 )

(51)

(x1 )(-1)4 + 20

(x4 )(-1)1 + 23

(55)

(x0)(-1)5

(52)

(53)

(x2 )(-1)3

(x1 )(-

(x 3y)4

a = x; b = -3y

(-30

4

0

+ (-3)4

()

(44 )

(41 )

(x3)(y)1 + (-3)2

(42 )

(x2)(y)2 + (-3)3

(x0)(y)4

= x4- 12x3y+54x2 y2 - 108xy3 + 81y4

Hence (x 3y)4 = x4 - 12x3y+ 54x2 y2 - 108xy3 + 81y4

n

(k 1

)

an-(k-1) bk-1

7 4

x )(-2y)3

3

()

= -23

7 4

x )(y)3

3

()

= -8(35)(x4)(y)3

= -280x4y3

Hence, fourth term in expansion of (x -2y) is -280x4y3

b Seventh term in the expansion of (x2 1/x)9, taking k to be 7:

(43 )

(x1)(y)3

9 23

x ) (1/x)6

6

()

=

9 2 3 -1 6

x ) (x )

6

()

= 84(x6) (x-6)

= 84(x) 6+ (-6)

= 84(x) 0

= 84

Hence, seventh term in expansion of (x2 1/x)9is 84

19 5

2 )(-1/x) 14

14

( )

= 25

19

-1/x) 14

14

( )

= 32(11628) -1/x) 14

= -372096/x14

Hence, fifteenth term in the expansion of (2 1/x) 19 is -372096/x

n ( n1 ) x

( 1+x ) =1+ nx +

+

1!

2!

n

(1 2x)1/2

2 x

2x

3

1

1/2 1

2

1

( )( x)

1 /2

2

( 12 x ) =1+

+

1!

( )

= 1 + x x2/2 + (-3/6)(x3)

= 1 + x x2 - x3

2x| < 1 or x <

b (3 + x)-1 = [3(1 + x/3)]-1

x /3

x /3

= 3-1[

]

3

1 (11 )

(1)(x /3)

1+

+

1!

= 1/3[1 x/3 + x2/9 x3/27]

= 1/3 1/9x + 1/27x2 71x3

(3 + x)-1 = 1/3 1/9x + 1/27x2 71x3. The expansion is valid in the range x/3 <

1 or |x| < 3

=> [x (1 + 2/x)] * [x (1 1/x)]-1

2 /x

2 /x

[x (1 + 2/x)] = x1 [

]

3

1 ( 11 )

(1)(x )

1+

+

1!

= x + x2 .... (i)

1/ x

1/ x

]

3

1 ( 11 )

(1)( x )

1+

+

1!

= 1/x [1 x + 3/2x2 1/x3]

= 1/x 1 + 3/2x3 1/x4 .... (ii)

Hence, x + 2/x 1 => (x + x2) (1/x 1 + 3/2x3 1/x4)

= (2) (3/2x3 1/x2) => 3/x3 2/x2

x + 2/x 1 = 3/x3 2/x2. The expansion is valid in the range 2/x < 1 or 2 <x

and 1/x < 1 or 1 < x

=

3

1

1/2 1

2

1

( )(x )

2

1+

+

1!

( )

=1x+

3

1 /2

( 32 )

= 1 - x + 3/2x2 45/8x3

1/ (1 + x)1/2 = 1 - x + 3/2x2 45/8x3. The expansion is valid in the range |x| < 1

or -1 < x < 1

3

a

2

3 x3 2

3 x3

2

2

2

( x + 4 ) dx =>( x +4 ) dx - ( x +4 ) dx

3 x3

= ( x 2 +4 ) => 3x -

12 x

x 2 +4

12 x

3 x3 2

( x 2+ 4 ) dx= 3x dx - x 2 +4

2x

3

2

2 x - 6 x 2 +4

2

- ( x 2 +4 ) dx

1

dx - 2( x +4 ) dx

2

2x

6 x 2 +4 ; let u = x2 + 4

du

dx

= 2x

1

3

2 x du

2

2 x - 6 u 2 x - 2( 4( x /2)2+ 1 ) dx

3

1

2

2 x -6 u

3

1

x

2

-1

2 x - 6 ln u - 2 tan ( 2 ) + c

1

2

du - 4 ( ( x /2)2 +1 ) dx

3 x3 2

Hence, ( x 2+ 4 ) dx =

ii

4x

( 2)

( x+ 2 ) dx

a2 u2 => u = a sin x

3

2

2

2 x - 6 ln(x + 4) -

1

2

x

tan-1 ( 2 ) + c

a2 = 4 = 2

u2 = x2 = x

Hence;

x = 2 sin x

x

2 = sin x

dx = 2 cos x

4

4

= - 4 sin2 x)

= 4 (1- sin2 x))

4

= cos2 x)

4x

4x

( 2)

( x+ 2 ) dx =

)

xdx +2 dx

2 cos x

= -2 cos x + x + c

4x

4x

( 2)

Hence, ( x+ 2 ) dx = - ( 2) + x + c

iii

3 x3 2

(4 x2 +9)3 /2 dx

b z3 + 8i => z = 0 + 8i

r = |z| = 02 + 82)

r = |z| = 8

= Arg z =

y

x

8

= tan -1 0

= 90

Zn = rc i s

= rc i s1/n

= r1/nc i s (

+360 k

)

n

Wk =W0 = 81/3 c i s (

90+360(0)

)

3

= 2 c i s (30)

=2 (cos 30 + i (sin 30))

=2(

3

2

1

i

+ 2 )

= 3+ i

Hence, Wk =W0 = 3 + i

Wk =W1 = 81/3 c i s (

90+360(1)

)

3

= 2 c i s (150)

=2 (cos 150 + i (sin 150))

=2(

3

2

1

i

+ 2 )

= 3 + i

Hence, Wk =W1= 3 + i

Wk =W2 = 81/3 c i s (

90+360(2)

)

3

= 2 c i s (270)

=2 (cos 270 + i (sin 270))

=2(0 + i(1) )

= 02i

Hence, Wk =W2= 02i

Wk =W3 = 81/3 c i s (

90+360(3)

)

3

= 2 c i s (390)

= 2 (cos 390 + i (sin 390))

= 2(

3

2

1

i

+ 2 )

= 3+ i

Hence, Wk =W3= 3 + i

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