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ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS PROJECT WORK 2015

KERJA PROJEK MATEMATIK TAMBAHAN 2015

(NATION The Star, Wednesday 7 May 2014)


In response to the call of the government to reduce the usage of pipe water, your principal has
decided to harvest rainwater for washroom usage and gardening purposes in the school.
Bagimenyahutsaranankerajaanuntukmengurangkanpenggunaan
pengetuasekolahandatelahmengambilkeputusanuntukmenadah
hujanuntukkegunaantandasdankebunsekolah.

air

paip,
air

PART 1/ BAHAGIAN 1:
On the average, the washroom water usage of a student is 15litres (l) a day. The school
gardener uses 2 litres per meter squared (l/m2) for the daily gardening purposes.
Secarapurata, penggunaan air di tandasolehseorangpelajarialah 15 liter (l)
sehari.Tukangkebunsekolahmenggunakan
2
liter
per
meter
persegi
(l/m2)
untuktujuanberkebunsetiaphari.
1.

Estimate the total area of your school garden, in meter squared(m2).


Anggarkanjumlahluaskebunsekolahanda, dalam meterpersegi(m2).

2.

(a)

Calculate the total volume of water used per day in your school for the above
purposes.
Hitungkanjumlahisipadu
air
yang
sekolahandauntuktujuan-tujuan di atas.

(b)

digunakansehari

di

Hence, calculate the water expenditureper month(22school days) for the above
purposes based on the present water tariff.
Seterusnya,hitungkanperbelanjaan
air
bulanan
(22haripersekolahan)untuktujuan-tujuan di atasberdasarkantarif air terkini.
1

3.

As part of the planning of yourschool, your principal needs to calculate the index
number for water consumption by the students in year 2024 based on the year 2014.
Assume that the population of the students increases by 3% per year, and the usage of
water per student increases by 5% per year.
Sebagaisebahagiandaripadaperancangansekolahanda,
pengetuaandaperlumenghitungnomborindekspenggunaan air pelajardalamtahun
2024 berasaskantahun 2014.Andaikanbahawapopulasipelajarmeningkatsebanyak 3%
setahun, danpenggunaan air olehsetiappelajarmeningkatsebanyak 5% setahun.
(a)

Calculate the amount of water that will be used per day by all the students in
your school, in the year 2024.
Hitungkanjumlah air yang
sekolahandadalamtahun 2024.

(b)

akandigunakansehariolehsemuapelajar

di

Verify your answer by using another method. Do the two answers agree?
Give your reasons.
Tentusahkanjawapanandadenganmenggunakankaedah yang berbeza.
Adakahkedua-duajawapansama? Beripenjelasananda.

(c)

Hence, using your answer in question 3(a), calculate the index number for
water consumption by the students in year 2024 based on the year 2014.
Write in your own words what this index number means to you.
Seterusnya,
denganmenggunakanjawapanandadalamsoalan3(a),
hitungnomborindekspenggunaan
air
olehpelajarpadatahun
2024
berasaskantahun 2014.Denganmenggunakanperkataansendiri, jelaskanapa
yang andafahamdengannomborindekstersebut.

Note: There are 190 school days in a year.


Catatan: Bilanganharipersekolahansetahunadalah 190 hari.

PART 2/ BAHAGIAN 2:
Your school would like you to do a feasibility study on rainwater harvesting system. You are
to use information such as the dimension of your school buildings,the water consumption of
your school and any other related information to decide which type of water tank is the best
for your school.
Sekolahandamemintaandauntukmembuatsatukajiankebolehlaksanaantentangsistemtadahan
air
hujan.Andadikehendakimenggunakanmaklumatsepertiukuranbangunansekolahanda,penggun
aan air di sekolahanda, dansebarangmaklumat lain yang
berkaitanuntukmenentukanjenistangki air yang paling sesuaiuntuksekolahanda.
1.

(a)

Sketch a simple plan of your school. Estimate the length and width of all the
buildings.
Lakarkansatupelanringkassekolahanda.Anggarkanpanjangdanlebarbagisemu
abangunan.

(b)

Assuming that the average rainfall is 2600millimeter(mm) per year,


calculate the amount of rainwater, in m3 per year, which can be harvested in
your school. State all other assumptions made in your calculations.
Andaikanbahawapurata air hujanialah 2600milimeter(mm)setahun,
hitungjumlah air hujan, dalam m3setahun, yang
bolehditadaholehsekolahanda.Nyatakansemuaandaianlainyang
terlibatdalampenggiraananda.

Based on the daily water consumption in Part 1 question 2(a), determine the suitable
size of the water tank, in meter cubed (m3), in order to supply water for 5 consecutive
days when there is no rain.
Berdasarkanpenggunaanair seharidariBahagian 1 soalan 2(a), tentukansaiztangki
air yang sesuai, dalam meter padu(m3), untukmembekalkan air yang
mencukupiselama 5hariberturut-turutwalaupuntanpahujan.

Given that the construction cost of the water tank is RM70 per m2. By using two
different methods, determine the minimum construction cost of a water tank with the
following shapes:
Diberibahawakospembinaanadalah RM 70 per m2.Dengan menggunakanduakaedah
yang berbeza, tentukankospembinaan minimumtangki airuntukbentuk-bentuk yang
berikut:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

cylinder/ silinder
cuboid (square base)/ kuboid (tapaksegiempatsama)
any other shape/ lain-lain bentuk

The capacity of the water tank must fulfill the requirement in question 2 above.
3

4.

Saiztangki air mestimemenuhikeperluan yang dinyatakandalamsoalan 2 di atas.


The most common water tank shapes used are cylinder and cuboid. Choose the more
suitable shape for your school. Justify your answer.
Bentuktangki air yang biasadigunakanadalahsilinderdankuboid.Pilihbentuktangki air
yang lebihsesuaiuntuksekolahanda.Jelaskanjawapananda.

FURTHER EXPLORATION/ PENEROKAAN LANJUTAN


1.

By comparing the cost of constructing the water tank in Part 2 question 4 and the
expenditure that can be reduced withthe rainwater harvesting system, decide whether
this project is practical. Give reasons for your answer.
Denganmembandingkankospembinaantangki
air
daribahagian
2
soalan
4danpenguranganperbelanjaandaripadasistemtadahan
air
hujan,
tentukansamaadaprojekiniadalahsesuaidilaksanakan. Berikansebab-sebabanda.

2.

Discuss the problems that may arise should your school decide to use ONLYrainwater
for washroom and gardening purposes.
Bincangkanmasalah
yang
mungkindihadapisekiranyasekolahandamengambilkeputusanuntukHANYAmengguna
kan air hujanbagikegunaantandasdankebun.

3.

Discuss whether the proposal for government buildings to make use of rainwater is
feasible.
Bincangkansamaadacadangan agar bangunan-bangunankerajaanmenggunakan air
hujanbolehdilaksanakan.

REFLECTION/ REFLEKSI
According to the newspaper cutting above (NATION The Star, Wednesday 7 May 2014), a
person uses an average of 212 l of pipe water daily. The government would like to reduce that
to 180 litres daily. Represent your response or feelings on water conservation creatively
through the usage of words, poems, symbols, illustrations, drawing or even in a song.
Berdasarkankeratanakhbar di atas (NATION The Star, Rabu 7 Mei 2014), puratapenggunaan
air
paipsetiaporang
adalah
212
lsehari.
Kerajaaninginmenggurangkanpenggunaantersebutkepada
180
liter
sehari.Gambarkanpandangandanperasaanandatentangpenjimatan
air
secarakreatifmelaluipenggunaanperkataan, puisi, simbol, illustrasi, lukisanataulagu.

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