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DESIGN OF SUBSTRUCTURE AND FOUNDATION

(Pier P2 & P3)


SPAN : 25.0 m c/c of expansion joints

ND FOUNDATION

on joints

Design of Substructure and foundation

CONTENTS

Chapter No.

Description

INTRODUCTION

DESIGN DATA

CALCULATION OF LOADS ON PIER

CALCULATION OF LOADS ON BASE OF PILE CAP

DESIGN OF PILE CAP

DESIGN OF PILE

DESIGN OF PIER

DESIGN OF PIER CAP

APPENDICES
APPENDIX A

SEISMIC DATA

APPENDIX B

CALCULATION
MOMENT

APPENDIX B

SUPERSTRUCTURE - DL & SDL

OF

LONGITUDINAL FORCES AND

TRANSVERSE

Design of Substructure and foundation

Page No.
1
2
4
7
10
15
18
20

A-1
B-1
C-1

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAPTE

Introd

It is proposed to construct a bridge structure. The proposed deck width of bridge is 8.4 m with carriageway of
Crash Barrier of 0.45 m both sides sides.

Code of reference

IRC:
IRC:
IRC:
IRC:
IS:

5-1997
6-2010
21-2000
78-2000
6403-1981

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAPTER - 1
Introduction
with carriageway of 7.5m ,

Design of Substructure and foundation

2.1 Design Levels


Formation road level
Bearing top level
Pier cap top level
Ground level
Highest Flood Level
Maximum scour level
Pile cap top level
Pile cap bottom level

FRL
BTL
ATL
GL
HFL
MSL
PC.top
PC.bott.

2.2 Superstructure Data


Span c/c of expansion joints of left span
Span c/c of bearings of left span
Span c/c of expansion joints of right span
Span c/c of bearings of right span
Overall width
Carriageway width
Crash barrier width
cross slope for drainage
Overall depth of superstructure of left span
Overall depth of superstructure of right span
Thickness of deck slab
Thickness of wearing coat

l.span.ej
l.span.bea
r.span.ej
r.span.bea
owidth
carw
cbw
cslope
l.dep.sup
r.dep.sup
thk.deck
thk.wc

2.3 Substructure Data


Pier width
Pier shaft thickness
Pier cap rectangular height
Pier cap trapezoidal height
Pier shaft height
Pier cap left projection
Pier cap right projection
Pier cap width at top
Pier cap width at bottom
eccentricity of pier centre and left bearing centre
eccentricity of pier centre and right bearing centre

p.wid
p.thk
p.ht.r
p.ht.t
p.ht
pr.pcap.l
pr.pcap.r
wid.pcap.t
wid.pcap.b
eccn.l
eccn.r

2.4 Pile Foundation Data


Length of Pile cap
Width of Pile cap
Depth of Pile cap
Dia of Pile
Length of Pile

plcp.len
plcp.wid
plcp.dep
pl.dia
pl.len

Design of Substructure and foundation

2.5 Soil Data


Cohesion of Soil
Angle of internal friction
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil in normal case
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil in seismic case

c.soil
.soil
sbc.n
sbc.s

2.6 Material Data


Grade of concrete

M 35

Grade of flexure reinforcement


Grade of shear reinforcement

Fe 500
Fe 500

2.7 Bearing Data


Type of bearing

POT CUM PTFE

2.8 Live load Data


OR

2 lane of class A
1 lane of class 70R

2.9 Seismic Data


Seismic Analysis Type

Response spectrum method


(using standard response spectra)
II

Seismic zone
2.10 Material unit weight Data
unit weight of RCC
unit weight of wearing coat
unit weight of dry soil
unit weight of submerged soil

uwc
uwwc
dry
sub

2.11 Calculation units


kN-m, MPa unless otherwise specified.
2.12 Sign Convention
Moment

Clock wise
Anticlock wise

+ve
-ve

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAPTER - 2
Design Data

107.777
105.165
104.815
93.340
104.027
91.848
91.648
89.848

25.000
24.000
25.000
24.000
8.400
7.500
0.450
0.025
2.400
2.400
0.200
0.075

1.800
1.800
1.000
1.000
11.167
0.100
0.100
8.400
2.000
-0.500
0.500

5.100
8.700
1.800
1.200
20.000

Design of Substructure and foundation

0.000
30.000
2500.000
3125.000

R.C.C.

OT CUM PTFE

25
22
18
10

Design of Substructure and foundation

Calculation of
3.1 Normal case
3.1.1 Calculation of forces at base of pier shaft in normal case
Load
(V/ H)

S.No.

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4a
1.4b
1.4c

Vertical Load
DL+SDL reaction
Pier cap
Pier shaft
LL max reaction case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Horizontal Load
Braking max rea./ ver. load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

4000
680
710
864
769
864

eccn/
lever arm
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.146
0.500
0.146

200
200
200

13.517
13.517
13.517

Note: All calculations has been done about centre line of pier shaft.
3.1.2 Summary of forces & moments at base of pier shaft for normal case
3.1.2.1 Normal case
S.No.
1
2
3
4

Vertical load

Description

V
6254
6159
6254
3390

LL max reaction case


LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

Lateral load
HL
200
200
200
0

3.2 Seismic case


3.2.1 Calculation of forces at base of pier shaft in seismic case
S.No.
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4a
1.4b
1.4c

Description

Vertical load

Due to Vertical Load


DL+SDL reaction
Pier cap
Pier shaft
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

4000
680
710
222
200
200

Lateral force
200
34
36
11
10
10

Design of Substructure and foundation

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Due to Horizontal Load


Braking max vertical load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

40
40
40

Design of Substructure and foundation

3.2.2 Summary of forces at base of pier shaft in seismic longitudinal and transverse case
S.No.

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3a
1.3b
1.3c

Due to Vertical Load


Superstructure DL+SDL
Substructure DL
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Due to Horizontal Load


Braking max vertical load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

HL

Longitudinal
ML

200
70
0
0
0

2703
620
0
0
0

40
40
40

541
541
541

3.2.3 Summary of seismic design forces at base of pier shaft as per IRC:6-2010, Cl. 219.4
S.No.

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3a
1.3b
1.3c

Due to Vertical Load


Superstructure DL+SDL
Substructure DL
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Due to Horizontal Load


Braking max vertical load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

HL

Longitudinal
ML

260
90
3
3
3

3514
807
45
41
41

40
40
40

541
541
541

3.2.4 Calculation of Forces at base of pier shaft in seismic case


3.2.4.1 Longitudinal case
S.No.

Vertical load

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3a
1.3b
1.3c
1.4a
1.4b

Due to Vertical Load


Superstructure DL+SDL
Substructure DL
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Buoyancy LWL
Buoyancy HFL

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Due to Horizontal Load


Braking max vertical load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

4000
1390
222
200
200
0
0

Lateral load
HL
260
90
3
3
3

40
40
40

Design of Substructure and foundation

3.2.4.2 Transverse case


S.No.
1
1.1
1.2
1.3a
1.3b
1.3c

Vertical load

Description

Due to Vertical Load


Superstructure DL+SDL
Substructure DL
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

4000
1390
222
200
200

Lateral load
HT
260
90
11
10
10

3.2.5 Summary of forces & moments at base of pier shaft for seismic case
3.2.5.1 Longitudinal case
Vertical load

S.No.

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

LWL Case
LL max reaction case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

V
5612
5590
5590
3390

Lateral load
HL
394
393
393
220

3.2.5.2 Transverse case


Vertical load

S.No.

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

LWL Case
LL max reaction case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

5612
5590
5590
3390

Lateral load
HT
361
360
360
220

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAPTER - 3
Calculation of Loads on Pier

Moment
(ML)
0
0
0
126
384
126

2703
2703
2703

Moment
ML

MT

2830
3088
2830
1000

1095
888
1095
0

Seismic lever
arm
13.517
12.417

Seismic
moment
2703
422

5.583
13.517
13.517
13.517

198
150
135
135

Design of Substructure and foundation

13.517
13.517
13.517

541
541
541

Design of Substructure and foundation

Transverse
HT

MT

200
70
11
10
10

2703
620
150
135
135

0
0

0
0
0

Transverse
HT

MT

260
90
11
10
10

3514
807
150
135
135

0
0

0
0
0

Moment
ML

MT

3514
807
70
117
66
0
0

219
178
219

541
541
541

10

Design of Substructure and foundation

Moment
ML

MT

0
0
25
77
25

3514
807
369
313
354

Moment
ML

MT

4932
4979
4927
3564

219
178
219

Moment
ML

MT

566
618
566
1000

4690
4634
4675
2564

11

Design of Substructure and foundation

Calculation of Loads on ba
4.1 Design Data
Length of Pile cap
Width of Pile cap
Depth of Pile cap
Dia of Pile
Length of Pile

plcp.len
plcp.wid
plcp.dep
pl.dia
pl.len

4.2 Calculation of loads on foundation


4.2.1 Normal case
4.2.1.1 Calculation of forces at base of footing in normal case
Load
(V/ H)

S.No.

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6a
1.6b
1.6c

Vertical Load
DL+SDL reaction
Pier cap
Pier shaft
Soil weight over pile cap
Pile cap
LL max reaction case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Horizontal Load
Braking max rea./ ver. load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

4000
680
710
1306
1997
864
769
864

eccn/
lever arm
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.146
0.500
0.146

200
200
200

15.317
15.317
15.317

Note: All calculations has been done about centre line of pier shaft.
4.2.1.2 Summary of forces & moments at base of footing for normal case
4.2.1.2.1 Normal case
S.No.
1
2
3
4

Vertical load

Description

V
9556
9461
9556
6693

LL max reaction case


LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

Lateral load
HL
200
200
200
0

Design of Substructure and foundation

4.2.2 Seismic case


4.2.2.1 Calculation of forces at base of footing in seismic case
S.No.

Description

Vertical load

1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6a
1.6b
1.6c

Due to Vertical Load


DL+SDL reaction
Pier cap
Pier shaft
Soil weight over pile cap
Pile cap
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Due to Horizontal Load


Braking max vertical load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

4000
680
710
1306
1997
222
200
200

Lateral force
200
34
36
65
100
11
10
10

40
40
40

4.2.2.2 Summary of forces at base of footing in seismic longitudinal and transverse case
S.No.

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3a
1.3b
1.3c

Due to Vertical Load


Superstructure DL+SDL
Substructure DL
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Due to Horizontal Load


Braking max vertical load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

HL

Longitudinal
ML

200
235
0
0
0

3063
953
0
0
0

40
40
40

613
613
613

4.2.2.3 Summary of seismic design forces at base of footing as per IRC:6-2010, Cl. 219.4
S.No.

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3a
1.3b
1.3c

Due to Vertical Load


Superstructure DL+SDL
Substructure DL
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Due to Horizontal Load


Braking max vertical load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

HL

Longitudinal
ML

260
305
3
3
3

3982
1239
51
46
46

40
40
40

613
613
613

Design of Substructure and foundation

4.2.2.4 Calculation of Forces at base of footing in seismic case


4.2.2.4.1 Longitudinal case
S.No.

Vertical load

Description

1
1.1
1.2
1.3a
1.3b
1.3c

Due to Vertical Load


Superstructure DL+SDL
Substructure DL
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

2
2.1a
2.1b
2.1c

Due to Horizontal Load


Braking max vertical load case
Braking max long. moment case
Braking max trans. moment case

4000
4693
222
200
200

Lateral load
HL
260
305
3
3
3

40
40
40

4.2.2.4.2 Transverse case


S.No.
1
1.1
1.2
1.3a
1.3b
1.3c

Vertical load

Description

Due to Vertical Load


Superstructure DL+SDL
Substructure DL
LL max vertical load case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case

4000
4693
222
200
200

Lateral load
HT
260
305
11
10
10

4.2.2.5 Summary of forces & moments at base of footing for seismic case
4.2.2.5.1 Longitudinal case
S.No.

Vertical load

Description

1
2
3
4

LL max vertical load case


LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

8914
8893
8893
6693

Lateral load
HL
608
608
608
435

4.2.2.5.2 Transverse case


S.No.
1
2
3
4

Vertical load

Description

LL max vertical load case


LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

8914
8893
8893
6693

Lateral load
HT
576
575
575
435

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAPTER - 4

of Loads on base of Pile Cap

5.100
8.700
1.800
1.200
20.000

Moment
(ML)
0
0
0
0
0
126
384
126

3063
3063
3063

Moment
ML

MT

3190
3448
3190
1000

1095
888
1095
0

10

Design of Substructure and foundation

Seismic lever
arm

Seismic
moment

15.317
14.217
7.383
1.800
0.900
15.317
15.317
15.317

3063
483
262
117
90
170
153
153

15.317

613
613
613

15.317
15.317

Transverse
HT

MT

200
235
11
10
10

3063
953
170
153
153

0
0

0
0
0

Transverse
HT

MT

260
305
11
10
10

3982
1239
170
153
153

0
0

0
0
0

11

Design of Substructure and foundation

Moment
ML

MT

3982
1239
76
123
71

219
178
219

613
613
613

Moment
ML

MT

0
0
25
77
25

3982
1239
389
331
372

Moment
ML

MT

5910
5957
5905
3230

219
178
219

Moment
ML

MT

638
690
638
1000

5610
5552
5593
3230

12

Design of Substructure and foundation

5.1

General Data
Number of Piles

pl.nr
st

Permissible tensile strength of reinforcement


Clear cover to reinforcement
5.1.1

cov.

Distance of Individual Pile from CG of Pile Cap

Pile No.

Distance in Longitudinal Direction Distance in Transverse Direction

-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

2
3
4
5
6
ld.sumsq

5.2

19.4

3.6
0.0
-3.6
3.6
0.0
-3.6
td.sumsq

51.8

Design Loads
Load Case

Vertical load

Moment
ML

V
Normal Case
LL max reaction case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

9556
9461
9556
6693

3190
3448
3190
1000

Seismic Longitudinal
LL max reaction case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

8914
8893
8893
6693

5910
5957
5905
3230

Seismic Transverse
LL max reaction case

8914

638

10

Design of Substructure and foundation

LL max long. moment case


LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

8893
8893
6693

11

690
638
1000

Design of Substructure and foundation

5.3
5.3.1

Load Calculation on Pile


Normal Case

Sl. No.

Pile No.

Pile reaction from


Longitudinal
Vertical load
moment

Transverse
moment

Total Reaction

1.1

1
2
3
4
5
6

1593
1593
1593
1593
1593
1593

-295
-295
-295
295
295
295

76
0
-76
76
0
-76

1373
1297
1221
1964
1888
1812

1.2

1
2
3

1577
1577
1577

-319
-319
-319

62
0
-62

1319
1258
1196

4
5
6

1577
1577
1577

319
319
319

62
0
-62

1958
1896
1834

1.3

1
2
3
4
5
6

1593
1593
1593
1593
1593
1593

-295
-295
-295
295
295
295

76
0
-76
76
0
-76

1373
1297
1221
1964
1888
1812

1.4

1
2
3
4
5
6

1115
1115
1115
1115
1115
1115

-93
-93
-93
93
93
93

0
0
0
0
0
0

1023
1023
1023
1208
1208
1208

12

Design of Substructure and foundation

5.3.2

Seismic Longitudinal

Sl. No.

Pile No.

Pile reaction from


Longitudinal
Vertical load
moment

Transverse
moment

Total Reaction

2.1

1
2
3
4
5
6

1486
1486
1486
1486
1486
1486

-547
-547
-547
547
547
547

15
0
-15
15
0
-15

954
938
923
2048
2033
2018

2.2

1
2
3
4

1482
1482
1482
1482

-552
-552
-552
552

12
0
-12
12

943
931
918
2046

5
6

1482
1482

552
552

0
-12

2034
2021

2.3

1
2
3
4
5
6

1482
1482
1482
1482
1482
1482

-547
-547
-547
547
547
547

15
0
-15
15
0
-15

951
935
920
2044
2029
2014

2.4

1
2
3
4
5
6

1115
1115
1115
1115
1115
1115

-299
-299
-299
299
299
299

0
0
0
0
0
0

816
816
816
1414
1414
1414

13

Design of Substructure and foundation

5.3.3

Seismic Transverse

Sl. No.

Pile No.

Pile reaction from


Longitudinal
Vertical load
moment

Transverse
moment

Total Reaction

3.1

1
2
3
4
5
6

1486
1486
1486
1486
1486
1486

-59
-59
-59
59
59
59

390
0
-390
390
0
-390

1816
1427
1037
1934
1545
1155

3.2

1
2
3
4

1482
1482
1482
1482

-64
-64
-64
64

386
0
-386
386

1804
1418
1033
1931

5
6

1482
1482

64
64

0
-386

1546
1160

3.3

1
2
3
4
5
6

1482
1482
1482
1482
1482
1482

-59
-59
-59
59
59
59

388
0
-388
388
0
-388

1811
1423
1035
1930
1541
1153

3.4

1
2
3
4
5
6

1115
1115
1115
1115
1115
1115

-93
-93
-93
93
93
93

224
0
-224
224
0
-224

1247
1023
799
1432
1208
984

14

Design of Substructure and foundation

5.3.4

5.4

Load Summary on Pile

Load Case

unit

Normal
Seismic Longitudinal
Seismic Transverse

kN
kN
kN

Design of Pile Cap (by STM)

Structural Element

unit

Design Tension in Tie


Permissible Tensile Stress
Required area of reinforcement
Required area of reinforcement in pile region strip
Required area of reinforcement in between strip

kN
MPa
mm2
mm2
mm2

Pile Region strip (per metre width)


Width
Required area of reinforcement at bottom
Minimum area of reinforcement throughout depth
Dia of bar at bottom
Required spacing of reinforcement at bottom
Provided spacing of reinforcement at bottom
Required area of reinforcement throughout depth (except tie)
Minimum area of reinforcement throughout depth (except tie)
Dia of bar along depth
No. of layers along depth
Required spacing of reinforcement throughout depth
Provided spacing of reinforcement throughout depth

mm
mm2
mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm2
mm2
mm
No.
mm
mm

Non Pile Region strip (per metre width)


Width
Required area of reinforcement at bottom
Minimum area of reinforcement throughout depth
Dia of bar at bottom
Required spacing of reinforcement at bottom
Provided spacing of reinforcement at bottom
Required area of reinforcement throughout depth (except tie)
Minimum area of reinforcement throughout depth (except tie)
Dia of bar along depth

mm
mm2
mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm2
mm2
mm

15

Design of Substructure and foundation

No. of layers along depth


Required spacing of reinforcement throughout depth
Provided spacing of reinforcement throughout depth

No.
mm
mm

Note: Referring to literatures, total reinforcemnet in pilecap has been divided in two regions, 80% in pile region
20% in between strip.

16

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAPTER - 5
Design of Pile Cap

6
240
75 mm

Moment
MT

1095
888
1095
0

219
178
219
0

5610

17

Design of Substructure and foundation

5552
5593
3230

18

Design of Substructure and foundation

Maximum
Reaction

Minimum
Reaction

1964

1221

1958

1196

1964

1221

1208

1023

19

Design of Substructure and foundation

Maximum
Reaction

Minimum
Reaction

2048

923

2046

918

2044

920

1414

816

20

Design of Substructure and foundation

Maximum
Reaction

Minimum
Reaction

1934

1037

1931

1033

1930

1035

1432

799

21

Design of Substructure and foundation

Maximum
Reaction

Minimum
Reaction

1964
2048
1934

1023
816
799

Load Case
Normal
Seismic
1964
240
8184
6547
1637

2048
360
5689
4551
1138

1800
3637
5400
25
135
100
491
540
20
1
582
100

1800
2529
5400
25
194
100
491
540
20
1
582
100

2700
606
5400
16
332
100
3389
540
25

2700
421
5400
16
477
100
3389
540
25

22

Design of Substructure and foundation

1
145
100

1
145
100

80% in pile region strip (1.5 times pile dia) and

23

Design of Substructure and foundation

6.1
6.1.1

Design Data
Material Property
Grade of concrete
Permissible bending strength of concrete
Grade of reinforcement
Permissible tensile strength of reinforcement
Modulus of elsticity of concrete
Modulus of elsticity of reinforcement
Modular ratio
clear cover

6.1.1

Section Property
Moment of Inertia of Pile

6.2

Determination of Depth of Fixity (Fixed Head Pile)

As per IS: 2911 (Part1/ Sec 2) - 1979

EI
T
K1

AND

EI
R
K2

where
K1, K2
E
I
6.2.1

Constants given in Table 1 and 2


Young's modulus of pile material
Moment of Inertia of Pile

Calculation of depth of fixity (For Piles in sand and normally loaded clays)
unit
Pile length above ground level

Pile length below ground level

Constant
Constant

kN/m2
m

Constant
Constant
Length of equivalent cantilever below ground level

15

Design of Substructure and foundation


6.3
6.3.1

Determination of Deflection and Maximum moment in Pile (Fixed Head Pile)


Deflection is given by

Q L1 L f

12 EI

where
Q
6.3.2

Maximum moment is given by

M m
where
MF
m
6.3.3

6.4

Lateral load on each pile

Q L1 LF
2

Fixed End Moment


moment reduction factor

Calculation of Deflection and Maximum moment in each pile

Load Case

unit

Lateral Force
Deflection
Allowable deflection
Fixed end moment
Moment reduction factor
Maximum Moment
Minimum Vertical load
Eccentricity

kN
mm
mm
kN-m
kN-m
kN
m

Normal

33.3
0.4
5.0
###
0.8
###
###
0.1

Pile Design

Description

unit

Minimum Vertical load


Maximum Moment
Dia of bar
No. of bar
Minimum area of reinforcement
Provided area of reinforcement
Percentage of reinforcement
Permissible Compressive Stress in concrete
Permissible Tensile Stress in steel
Developed Compressive Stress in concrete

kN
kN-m
mm
No.
mm2
mm2
%
MPa
MPa
MPa

16

Normal

1023
106
20
24
4524
7540
0.67
12
240
1

Design of Substructure and foundation


Developed Tensile Stress in steel

MPa

Check

17

2
OK

Design of Substructure and foundation

6.5

Stress Check
Macro Output

INPUT
AXI LOA
MOM
DIA
STE PER
MOD RAT
INPUT
AXI LOA
MOM
DIA
STE PER
MOD RAT
INPUT
AXI LOA
MOM
DIA
STE PER
MOD RAT

FY
MZ
OD
SP
MR

OUTPUT
867 STRESS
106 TOP CON
1.2 BOT STL
0.6666666
10

STC
SBS

-1.295297
-2.225857

FY
MZ
OD
SP
MR

OUTPUT
202 STRESS
802 TOP CON
1.2 BOT STL
0.6666666
10

STC
SBS

-10.35963
277.52677

FY
MZ
OD
SP
MR

OUTPUT
390 STRESS
793 TOP CON
1.2 BOT STL
0.6666666
10

STC
SBS

-10.07059
245.40881

18

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAPTER - 6
Design of Pile

35
11.67
500

240
2.96E+04
2.00E+05
10.000
0.075

0.10

Design Calculation
L1

0.0

Le

20.0

K1

5250.0
3.6

T
L1/T

0.0

Lf/T

2.18

Lf.K1

7.8

19

Design of Substructure and foundation

Seismic
Longitudinal

Transverse

101.4
1.3
10.0
393.7
0.8
322.8
816.4
0.4

96.0
1.2
10.0
372.8
0.8
305.7
798.5
0.4

Seismic
Longitudinal
816
323
20
24
4524
7540

Transverse
799
306
20
24
4524
7540

0.67
18
360
10

0.67
18
360
10

20

Design of Substructure and foundation


278
OK

245
OK

21

Design of Substructure and foundation

22

Design of Substructure and foundation

7.1 Design Data


Dimensional Data
Pier Dia
Pier shaft height

dia
a.ht

Material Property
Grade of concrete

a.fck

Permissible bending strength of concrete

a.cbc

Grade of flexure reinforcement

a.fy.fl

Grade of shear reinforcement

a.fy.sh

Permissible tensile strength of flexure reinforcement

a.st.fl

Permissible tensile strength of shear reinforcement

a.st.sh

Modulus of elsticity of concrete

a.Ec

Modulus of elsticity of reinforcement


Modular ratio
clear cover

a.Es
a.m
a.ccov

7.2 Design of Pier Shaft


7.2.1 Load summary
S.No.

Vertical load

Loadcase

Moment

ML

1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

Normal
LL max reaction case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

6254
6159
6254
3390

2830
3088
2830
1000

2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

Seismic longitudinal
LL max reaction case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

5612
5590
5590
3390

4932
4979
4927
3564

3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

Seismic transverse
LL max reaction case
LL max long. moment case
LL max trans. moment case
Span dislodged

5612
5590
5590
3390

566
618
566
1000

Normal case
Seismic long. case

P(min)
3390
3390

M (max)
3213
4982

18

Design of Substructure and foundation

Seismic trans. case

3390

4724

19

Design of Substructure and foundation

7.2.2 Stress Check

Macro Output
NORMAL CASE (P min M max)

INPUT
AXI LOA
MOM
DIA
STE PER
MOD RAT

FY
MZ
OD
SP
MR

OUTPUT
3390 STRESS
3213 TOP CON
1.79999995 BOT STL
0.86805563
10

STC
SBS

-9.18204756
122.7431829

OUTPUT
3390 STRESS
4982 TOP CON
1.79999995 BOT STL
0.86805563
10

STC
SBS

-14.9798097
268.0917297

SEISMIC CASE (P min M max)

INPUT
AXI LOA
MOM
DIA
STE PER
MOD RAT
Provide

FY
MZ
OD
SP
MR
25

mm dia

45

bar

7.2.3 Check for shear

Load Case

unit

Shear Force
Width
Overall depth
Effective depth
Area of tension reinforcement
percentage of tension reinforcement
permissible shear stress
permissible shear force
design shear force

kN
mm
mm
mm
mm2
%
MPa
kN
kN

20

Normal
Longitudinal
200
1800
1800
1675
22089
0.87
0.39
1187
0

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAPTER - 7
Design of Pier

1.800
11.167

35
11.67
500
500
240
200
2.96E+04
2.00E+05
10.000
0.050

Moment

sqrt
(ML^2+MT^2)

MT
1095
888
1095
0

3034
3213
3034
1000

219
178
219
0

4937
4982
4932
3564

4690
4634
4675

4724
4675
4709
2564

2752

21

Design of Substructure and foundation

22

Design of Substructure and foundation

OK
OK

OK
OK

Seismic
Longitudinal
Transverse
394
1800
1800
1675
22089

361
1800
1800
1675
22089
0.87
0.39
1187

0.87
0.39
1187
0

23

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAP

Design of P
3

1.20m

3.00m

1.20m

1.000m

1.000m

1.20m

3.00m

1.20m

8.40m

1.200m

1.200m

1.80m

Pier Shaft Dia.


Width of Deck slab
Length of Pier cap
Width of Pier Cap at LHS
Width of Pier Cap at RHS
Depth of Pier Cap
Effective Depth

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Forces due to load at outer bearing


Maximum Dead Load Reaction
Distribution factor for Live Load
Max Live Load Reaction
Total Reation

=
=
=
=

Distance of Bearing from face of pier in Transverse direction (a t) =


Depth of section (deff)
=
at/d =
1.540
>1 Design as Cantilever Beam in Transver

20

Design of Substructure and foundation

CHAPTER - 8
Design of Pier Cap

1.000m

1.000m

1.00m
1.00m

1.80 m
8.400 m
8.400 m
1.000 m
1.000 m
2.000 m
1.934 m

100.000 t
0.7
86.38 t
186.38 t
2.100m
1.364m

ver Beam in Transverse Direction

21

Design of Substructure and foundation

8.1 Design of Pier Cap in Transverse Direction (using Strut and Tie Method)
3.300
2.100

1.200
P1

1
C

1.934

0.50

Strut and Tie Model


TTension Tie
CCompression Strut
1
tan 1
Grade of Reinforcement
Permissible Tensile stress in Steel

=
=
=
=

8.1.1 Tie Reinforcement


Forces due to load at outer bearing
Maximum Dead Load Reaction
Distribution factor for Live Load
Max Live Load Reaction
Total Reation
Selfweight of Piercap upto face of Pier
Total Force, P1
Tension, T in Tension Tie
Ast Required

=
=
=
=
=
=
P1*Cot 1
=

Provide

21

no. of

25

Ast Provided

mm dia bars in

=
Check

8.1.2 Strut
Pedestal Size
Area of strut
Compression in Conpression Strut
Compressive Stress
0.65*fc'

Ref. AASTHO LRFD cl. 5.6.3.3


=
700 mm X
A*Sin
P*Cosec
=
=
Check

21

Design of Substructure and foundation

8.1.3 Crack Control Reinforcement


Ref. AASTHO LRFD cl. 5.6.3.6
Minimun Reinforcement in all orthogonal directions =
a) Vertical Shear Reinforcement
Minimum Reinforcement
=
Ast required for Vertical shear
=
Bar Dia
=
No. of legs
=
Spacing reqd.
=
Spacing Provided
=
Check
Provide

12

mm dia

b) Horizontal Shear Reinforcement (Hx)


Minimum Reinforcement
Ast required for Vertical shear
Bar Dia
No. of legs
Spacing reqd.
Spacing Provided

legged vert. stirrups @

=
=
=
=
=
=
Check

Provide

16

mm dia

c) Horizontal Shear Reinforcement (Hy)


Minimum Reinforcement
Ast required for Vertical shear
Bar Dia
No. of legs
Spacing reqd.
Spacing Provided

legged horiz. stirrups @

=
=
=
=
=
=
Check

Provide

16

mm dia

22

legged horiz. stirrups @

Design of Substructure and foundation

42.64
0.921
Fe- 500
24000 t/m2

100.00 t
0.70
86.38 t
160.46 t
24.75 t
185.21 t
201.11 t
8380 mm2
layers.
10308 mm2
O.K.

700 mm
0.3319 m2
136.70 t
411.82 t/m2
1592.5 t/m2
O.K.

23

Design of Substructure and foundation

0.30%
0.30%
5802 mm2
12 mm
8
589 mm
150 mm
O.K.
150

mm c/c.

0.30%
12048.3 mm2
16 mm
8
280 mm
150 mm
O.K.
150

mm c/c.

0.30%
12048.3 mm2
16 mm
8
280 mm
150 mm
O.K.
150

mm c/c.

24

7.2 Design of Pier Cap (as a Corbel) in Longitudinal Direction


a1

Distance of bearing from center of shaft

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0
3300
1800
2000
2000
2400
-900
350
32
1
16
40
35.0
500.0

11.67

240

Ultimate Vertical load acting on the cap

186.4

Selfweight of Corbel

=
=

7.2
194

=
=
=
=

150.0
150.0
0.0
30.0

=
=
=
=
=
=
<

28.0
1944
1555

a2
Cap projection from c/l of the shaft
Shaft width
Height of Corbel
Width of Corbel
Length of Corbel/Projection of cap
Dist of load app. point from face of pier shaft
Height of Pedestal and Bearing
Diameter of Main reinforcement
No of layer
Diameter of stirrups
Clear cover
Grade of concrete
Grade of steel
Permissible Flexural Compressive stress
Permissible stess in steel

h
b
l
a
l
s
fck
fy
cbc
st

Say
Design shear force
Horizontal force
Cylindrical strength of concrete
Effective depth
Effective depth for Corbel
Check

f c'
d'
d = 0.8 x d'
a/d'
S
S/d'

-0.46

750
0.39
0.50

a1

Vu

a2

Hu

d'/3

Inner face
l
a1

a2

Shear stress applied

Shear frictionReinforcement
Flexural tension Reinforcement
Tension reinforcement
7.2.1 Total primary tensile reinforcement (As )

0.48

0.15fc'

4.20

Avf = Vu/(0.85 x fsy)

=
=

3037
-2430

At = Hu/(0.85fy)

850

As

Af
{Af = [Vua + Hu(h-d')]/(0.85fsyd)}

<

Af + At

-1580

<

(2/3Avf + At)

2875

<

(0.04f'c/fsy)bd'

=
=
=
=

10493
10493
153
150

As
Spacing required
Spacing provided
Provide

32

mm dia bars at the spacing of

150 mm in

layers

7.2.2 Horizontal Stirrups


Area of stirrups required

Ah
Ah

<

0.5Af

-1215.1

<

0.333Avf

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1011.4
1011.4
12.0
8.0
904.8
1.1
6.0

257

388.80

Ah
Diameter of stirrups
No of legs (at the bottom level)
Area of each stirrups
No of layers required
No of layers provided
To be provided within a depth of 2/3d' below As

Spacing

7.2.3 Vertical Stirrups


Shear capacity of concrete (Vc)
[Vc(in kg.)=10bd',b& d' in cm)]
Balance shear (Vu-Vc)

=
No vertical Stirrups required

-238.80

0 mm
0 mm
3300 mm
1800 mm
2000 mm
2000 mm
2400 mm
-900 mm
350 mm
32 mm
1 No.s
16 mm
40 mm
35.0 N/mm2
500.0 N/mm2
11.67 N/mm2
240 N/mm2
186.4 t
7.2 t
194 t
150.0 t
150.0 t
0.0 t
30.0 t
28.0 Mpa
1944 mm
1555 mm
<
1.0 O.K.
750 mm
0.39
0.50
Revise

d'

0.48 N/mm2
4.20 N/mm2
O.K.
3037 mm2
-2430 mm2
850 mm2
-1580 mm2
2875 mm2
10493 mm2
10493 mm2
153 mm
150 mm
O.K.

-1215.1 mm2
1011.4 mm2
1011.4 mm2
12.0 mm
8.0 nos
904.8 mm2
1.1 nos
6.0 nos
O.K.
257 mm

388.80 t
-238.80 t

Design of Substructure and foundation

Annexu

Seismic
Seismic Zone

Zone

II

Horizontal seismic coefficient (h) is given by:

Z I Sa
2 R g

where,
Zone factor
Importance factor
Response reduction factor

0.10
1.00
2.50

Spectral accn coefficient in x - direction

Z
I
R
Sa/g.x

Spectral accn coefficient in z - direction

Sa/g.z

2.50

Spectral accn coefficient in y - direction

Sa/g.y

2.50

Seismic coefficient in x - direction

h.x

0.05

Seismic coefficient in z - direction

h.z

0.05

Seismic coefficient in y - direction

h.y

0.03

A-1

2.50

Design of Substructure and foundation

Annexure - A
Seismic Data

A-2

Design of Substructure and foundation

Calculation of Longitudinal Forces and Trans


B.1 General Live Load Data (IRC Loadings)
B.1.1 Table for Impact Factor
Span side

Effective Span

Class A

Left Span
Right Span

24.000
24.000

1.150
1.150

Wheel
1.15
1.15

Class 70R
Track
1.10
1.10

B.1.2 Table for Live Load transverse eccentricity


Eccentricity
Class 70R
Class A

IRC Loadings
Class A
1 lane
2 lane

2.45
0.70

Class 70R
70R Wheel
70R Track
70R Bogie

1.16
1.10
1.16

B.2 Tabulation of Longitudinal moment about centre line of pier shaft for Dead Load and Live Load

Longitudinal moment M
shaft (Including Im

Reaction (excluding Impact Factor on LL)


Loading

DL+SDL
Live Load
Max Reaction
Class A
1 lane
2 lane
Class 70R
70R Wheel
70R Track
70R Bogie
Max ML
Class A
1 lane

Left Span

Right Span

Left support

Right support

Left support

Right support

towards left
span

2000.0

2000.0

2000.0

2000.0

-1000.0

14.0
28.0

171.4
342.8

257.1
514.2

111.5
223.0

-85.7
-171.4

51.8
9.4
0.9

345.5
340.6
199.1

518.3
340.6
199.1

84.5
9.4
0.9

-172.8
-170.3
-99.5

0.0

0.0

369.7

130.3

0.0

B-1

Design of Substructure and foundation

2 lane

0.0

0.0

739.3

260.7

0.0

Class 70R
70R Wheel
70R Track
70R Bogie

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

768.8
647.9
398.2

231.2
52.1
1.8

0.0
0.0
0.0

B-2

Design of Substructure and foundation

B.3 Tabulation of Reaction and Transverse moment for Live Load


Reaction (excluding Impact Factor on LL)
Loading

Max Reaction
Class A
1 lane
2 lane

Left Span
Reaction at
Vertical Load
pier

Right Span
Reaction at
Vertical Load
pier

Transverse moment M
carriageway (Includ
from left span

185.4
370.8

171.4
342.8

368.6
737.2

257.1
514.2

419.9
239.9

397.3
350.0
200.0

345.5
340.6
199.1

602.7
350.0
200.0

518.3
340.6
199.1

399.1
374.7
229.9

Class A
1 lane
2 lane

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

500.0
1000.0

369.7
739.3

0.0
0.0

Class 70R
70R Wheel
70R Track
70R Bogie

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

1000.0
700.0
400.0

768.8
647.9
398.2

0.0
0.0
0.0

Class 70R
70R Wheel
70R Track
70R Bogie

B.4 Calculation of Braking force at bearing level

Loading

Max Reaction
Class A
1 lane
2 lane
Class 70R
70R Wheel
70R Track
70R Bogie
Max ML
Class A
1 lane
2 lane
Class 70R
70R Wheel

Reaction (excluding Impact Factor on LL)


Left Span
Right Span
Reaction at
Reaction at
Vertical Load
Vertical Load
pier
pier

Braking force at beari


on accoun
from left span

185.4
370.8

171.4
342.8

368.6
737.2

257.1
514.2

37.1
74.2

397.3
350.0
200.0

345.5
340.6
199.1

602.7
350.0
200.0

518.3
340.6
199.1

79.5
70.0
40.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

500.0
1000.0

369.7
739.3

0.0
0.0

0.0

0.0

1000.0

768.8

0.0

B-3

Design of Substructure and foundation

70R Track
70R Bogie

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

700.0
400.0

647.9
398.2

Loadcase

Vertical load

Reaction

Maximum reaction case


Maximum longitudinal moment case
Maximum transverse moment case
Maximum vertical load/ braking case

1000
1000
1000
1108

864
769
864
857

0.0
0.0

B.6 Summary

B-4

Long. moment
126
384
126
86

Design of Substructure and foundation

Annexure - B

es and Transverse Moment

Class 70R
Bogie
1.15
1.15

ongitudinal moment ML about centre of pier


shaft (Including Impact Factor on LL)
towards right
span

Net

1000.0

0.0

128.5
257.1

42.8
85.7

259.1
170.3
99.5

126.4
0.0
0.0

184.8

184.8

B-5

Design of Substructure and foundation

369.7

369.7

384.4
324.0
199.1

384.4
324.0
199.1

B-6

Design of Substructure and foundation

ransverse moment MT about centre line of


carriageway (Including Impact Factor)
from right
span

Net

629.9
359.9

1049.8
599.9

696.2
385.0
231.0

1095.2
759.7
460.9

905.7
517.5

905.7
517.5

888.0
712.7
459.9

888.0
712.7
459.9

raking force at bearing level (no increment


on account of impact)
from right
Net
span

73.7
147.4

110.8
221.6

120.5
70.0
40.0

200.0
140.0
80.0

100.0
200.0

100.0
200.0

200.0

200.0

B-7

Design of Substructure and foundation

140.0
80.0

Transverse
Moment
1095
888
1095
600

140.0
80.0

Braking
200
200
200
222

B-8

Design of Substructure and foundation

Superstructure - DL &
Dead load calculation for for psc box girder
SI.No. Description
3

no.s

no.s
1
0
1
2

L
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

B
7.50
2.00

H
0.08
0.30

Reactions
PSC box girder

SIDL calculation for psc box girder


SI.No. Description
1
Wearing Coat
2
Footpath
3
Crash Barrier
4
RCC Railing

25

Total
Reactions

C-9

Design of Substructure and foundation

Annexure - C
Superstructure - DL & SDL
m
area

load

1614.06

area

0.14

load
309.38
0.00
87.50
375.00
771.88
385.94

C-10

Design of Substructure and Foundation

Calculation of Water C
C.1 Water Current Forces (HFL Case)
Height of Water above M.S.L
Mean Velocity,
Max Velocity at free surface of water
For pier Cap
For Circular pier

=
=
=
=
=

V
2V 2
K
K

C.1.1 Transverse Direction


Assuming water to act at 20o to transverse axis
S No.

Load acting on

V2

FTotal

MT @ base of
Pier

(m2/sec2)

(kN/m)

(kN)

(kN-m)

HFL

16.916

Top
Bottom

16.916
15.681

29.027
26.908

33.911

297.658

15.681
3.97

10.763
2.7256248865

49.100

206.980

83.011

504.638

Pier Cap

Pier Shaft
Top
MSL

Total
C.1.2 Longitudinal Direction

S No.

Load acting on

V2

FTotal

ML @ base of
Pier

(m2/sec2)

(kN/m)

(kN)

(kN-m)

HFL

6.153

Top
Bottom
Pier Shaft
Top
MSL

6.153
5.833

33.597
10.009

27.254

235.230

5.833
0

4.004
0

14.573

61.434

41.828

296.665

Pier Cap

Total

Pier

C-1

Design of Substructure and Foundation

Pier

C-2

Design of Substructure and Foundation

Annexure - C

ation of Water Current Forces

12.179 m
3.00 m/sec
18.00
1.50
0.66

MT @ base of
Foundation
(kN-m)

338.351

265.900

604.250

ML @ base of
Foundation
(kN-m)

267.935

78.922
346.858

Pier

C-3

Design of Substructure and Foundation

Pier

C-4