SERI TAFSIR TEMATIS

IBNU KATSIR
( ARABIC – INDONESIA - ENGLISH )

KESUKSESAN
( THE SUCCESS )

COMPILED BY
ABU NABILA IBNU DJUMAN AL INDUNISY

PUSTAKA AL GHURABA
( MENYERU KEPADA AL QURAN DAN AS SUNNAH BERDASARKAN FAHAM SALAFUSHSHALIH )

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CONTENT/ DAFTAR ISI / ‫ا ت‬

DEDICATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
BASIC PRINCIPLES
FISIOLOGY OF MOSLEM SOCIETY
THE TREE OF MOSLEM SOCIETY PROBLEM SOLVING
ISLAMIC EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGYCAL THEORIES
SUPERMETHODOLOGY
THE ISLAMIC LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT
THE PYRAMIDE OF HAPPYNESS
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 1 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Fatihah 1:6.........................................15
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 2 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Baqarah 2:207 ...................................19
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 3 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Baqarah 2:2-5 ....................................21
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 4 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Baqarah 2:189 ...................................33
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 5 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Baqarah 2:219-220 ............................35
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 6 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Baqarah 2:233 ...................................41
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 7 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Baqarah 2:153-158 ............................46
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 8 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Baqarah 2:130-132 ............................55
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 9 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Baqarah 2:185-186 ............................60
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 10 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Imron 3:123-136 .............................70
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 11 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Imran 3:198-200 ..............................88
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 12 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Imran 3:185 .....................................98
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 13 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Imran 3:102-104 ...........................100
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 14 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Imran 3:57 .....................................106
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 15 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A N - N I S A ' 4:13 ............................108
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 16 : Kesuksesan or Success QS An Nisa 4:39 ......................................110
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 17 : Kesuksesan or Success QS An Nisa 4:66-70 .................................111
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 18 : Kesuksesan or Success QS An Nisa 4:71-74 .................................117
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 19 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A N - N I S A ' 4:122-126 ..................120
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 20 : Kesuksesan or Success QS An Nisa' 4:80 .....................................128
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 21 : Kesuksesan or Success QS An Nisa' 4:43 .....................................129
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 22 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Ma'idah 5:100 ...............................140
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 23 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Maaidah 5:35 ................................142
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 24 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A L - M A A I D A H 5:119 ................144
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 25 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A L - M A A I D A H 5:54-56 .............145
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 26 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Maaidah 5:3.... ..............................150
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 27 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Maaidah 5:46 ................................163
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 28 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A L - M A A I D A H 5:90 ..................164
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 29 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al An'am 6:14-16 ...............................169
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 30 : Kesuksesan ( Success ) QS Al A'Raf 7 : 8 .....................................171
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 31 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al A'raf 7:155-159 .............................173
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 32 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Anfal 8:9-10 ..................................188
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 33 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Anfal 8:45-47 ................................193
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 34 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A T - T A U B A H 9:18-22 ................196
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 35 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A T - T A U B A H 9:88-89 ................203
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 36 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A T - T A U B A H 9:111-112 ............204
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 37 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A T - T A U B A H 9:100 ...................207
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 38 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A T - T A U B A H 9:72 .....................209
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 39 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Yunus 10:62-65 ..................................212
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 40 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Huud 11:112-117 ...............................217
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 41 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Huud 11:84-86 ...................................224
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 42 : Kesuksesan or Success QS H U U D 11:23 ...................................226
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 43 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Yusuf 12:108-111 ...............................228
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 44 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Ar Ra'du 13:19-24 ..............................235
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 45 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A R - R A ' D U 13:35 ........................241
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 46 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Kahfi 18:19-20 ..............................244

13

Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 47 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Maryam 19:73-76 ..............................246
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 48 : Kesuksesan or Success QS M A R Y A M 19:59-63 .....................250
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 49 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Anbiya 21:105-107 .......................257
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 50 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Hajj 22:77-78 ................................261
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 51 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Hajj 22:37-41 ................................266
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 52 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A L - M U ' M I N U N 23:1-11 .........275
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 53 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Mu'minun 23 : 102 ........................283
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 54 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A L - M U ' M I N U N 23:109-111 ...284
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 55 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A L - M U ' M I N U N 23:102 ..........286
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 56 : Kesuksesan or Success QS An Nuur 24:51-52 .......... ...................287
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 57 : Kesuksesan or Success QS An Nuur 24:55 ...................................289
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 58 : Kesuksesan or Success QS An Nuur 24:30-31 ..............................295
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 59 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A L - F U R Q A A N 25:24 ................305
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 60 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Qashash 28:67 ...............................307
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 61 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Ar Ruum 30:36-40 .............................308
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 62 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Ash Shaffat 37 : 40-61 .......................312
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 63 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Shaad 38:16-20 ..................................323
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 64 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Az Zumar 39:61 .................................328
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 65 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A L - M U ' M I N 40:77-78 ...............329
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 66 : Kesuksesan or Success QS A L - M U ' M I N or Ghafir 40:7-8 ...331
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 67 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Fushilat 41:6-8 ...................................335
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 68 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Ad Dhukhan 44:51-57 .......................338
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 69 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Jatsiyah 45:30 ....... .......................343
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 70 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Jatsiyah 45:19-21 .. .......................344
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 71 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Ahqaf 46:35 .......... ........................346
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 72 : Kesuksesan or Success QS MUHAMMAD 47:10-19 ...................348
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 73 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Fath 48:1-5 ............ .......................360
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 74 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Fath 48:8-10 .......... .......................366
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 75 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Qamar 54:52-55 ............................376
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 76 : Kesuksesan or Success QS AL HADID 57:7-12 ... .......................378
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 77 : Kesuksesan or Success QS AL MUJADILAH 58:21-22 ...............387
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 78 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Hasyr 59:8-10 ....... ........................391
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 79 : Kesuksesan or Success QS AL HASYR 59:18-24 ........................398
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 80 : Kesuksesan or Success QS ASH SHAFF 61:10-14........................407
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 81 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Jum'ah 62:9-11 ..............................411
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 82 : Kesuksesan or Success QS At Taghabun 64:14-17 ... ...................418
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 83 : Kesuksesan or Success QS AT TAGHABUN 64:8-9 ..... ...............422
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 84 : Kesuksesan or Success QS AL MA'ARIJ 70:19-35 ....... ..............424
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 85 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Jinn 72:1-3 ........... ........................430
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 86 : Kesuksesan or Success QS An Naba' 78 : 31-36 ............................432
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 87 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Muthaffifin 83:29-36 ....................435
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 88 : Kesuksesan or Success QS AL BURUJ 85:11 ..... ........................438
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 89 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al A'la 87:14-19 ......... ........ ...............439
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 90 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Asy Syams 91:9 ....... .........................443
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 91 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Al Lail 92:5-7 ........... ........................444
Tafsir Tematis Ibnu Katsir 92 : Kesuksesan or Success QS Adh Dhuha 93:3-11 ............................445
Maraji' or Referency or Daftar Pustaka .............................................................................................317
Khatimah / penutup / Close ...............................................................................................................318
walhamdulillahirabbil'alamin
Sydney, 13 january 2010
Sydney, 24 January 2010
Sydney, 27 January 2010
Sydney, 12 pebruari 2010
Manajemen Pustaka Al Ghuraba
Akhukum Fillah

Abu Nabila As Sundawy Al Indunisy
Al Faqir Ila Maghfirati Rabbihi

14

‫‪1. QS Al Fatihah 1:6‬‬

َِ‬
‫ط ا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫ ا ْه َِ ا َا َ‬
‫‪1:6. Tunjukilah kami jalan yang lurus,‬‬
‫)‪(Guide us to the straight path.‬‬
‫ 
ا آ‬

ََِ‬
‫ط ا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫ا ْه َِ ا َا َ‬
‫‪0‬اءة ا ‪5 6‬ر  د و‪0‬ئ ا 
اط و‪0‬ئ  ‪2‬اي ‪0‬ل ا اء وه) ‪-# )% ./‬رة و‪ )%‬آ"( ‪  .‬م ا ‪%‬ء ‪ !"#‬ا
ل‬
‫‪B‬رك و‪ (@ ! C‬أن ‪E 
(C8‬ال آ  ‪0‬ل" ‪ ) 5%D‬و‪BC 5‬ي و ‪BC‬ي ‪?@ A‬ل " وه‪-‬ا أآ ; أ=ال ا 
<; أن ‪ 8‬ح‬
‫‪?
8 Q L 
A‬ل =‪ LG‬و=‪ .G‬إ‪O‬ا‪ L‬ا ‪ " : L  %AE‬اه ا اط ا 
" ‪ LM‬أ‪ .GJ" K6‬وأ‪ .GH I6‬و ‪-5‬ا‬
‫أر‪ X‬ا‪ W‬إ ‪ LM L‬ا‪M‬آ ; و‪V8 0‬ن ا
‪E‬ال ‪BOU‬ر ‪= #‬ل ا 
<; وا=‪ LG‬آ  ‪0‬ل ‪ L"# !@A‬ا
‪T‬م " رب إ)  أ‪R 2‬‬
‫إ ) ‪ " D O A‬و‪ IA LA8 0‬ذ ‪ Z‬و^] ‪
A‬ل آل ذي ا ‪%‬ن " [ إ ‪ L‬إ[ أ‪ ZJB@ R‬إ) آ‪ A R%‬ا ‪ "  Y‬و‪0‬‬
‫‪V8‬ن  ‪6‬د ا ‪%‬ء ‪ !"#‬ا
ل آل ا `‪ : #‬أأذآ =‪ )G‬أم ‪ 0‬آ) =ؤك إن ‪ Z X‬ا ‪J‬ء إذا أ‪ Z"# !%Q‬ا ء ‪A8‬‬
‫آ‪ LdC A e‬ا ‪%‬ء وا ‪5‬ا‪ .8‬ه‪ %5‬ا‪U‬ر‪X‬د وا ‪ cD‬و‪C 0‬ى ا ‪5‬ا‪ 5 
% .8‬آ  ه‪ "%‬اه ا اط ا 
" ‪ aD‬‬
‫‪ !%CA‬أ ‪ % 5‬أو و‪ %D‬أو ارز‪ %0‬أو ا‪ " %h#‬وه‪ e%8‬ا ‪ "86%‬أي ‪ L %‬ا ‪ g‬وا ` و‪C 0‬ى ‪ ! f‬آ ‪ " : ! C L‬ا‪eBG‬‬
‫وها‪ e‬إ ! ^اط ‪D " " 
A‬هوه إ ! ^اط ا ‪ " J6‬وذ ‪ !%C  Z‬ا‪U‬ر‪X‬د وا [ ‪ .‬وآ‪ " : L 0 Z -‬وإ‪5 Z‬ي إ !‬
‫^اط ‪ " 
A‬و‪C 0‬ى  ‪T‬م آل أه; ا ‪ " .%6‬ا ‪ W  J‬ا ‪-‬ي ها ‪-5‬ا " أي و‪-5 %D‬ا و‪ L %"CG‬أه‪ . T‬وأ‪ A‬ا اط‬
‫ا 
‪D‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ ‪ 8G  CG‬أ‪ RC G‬ا‪ A .AM‬أه; ا ?و‪ !"# C G ;8‬أن ا اط ا 
ه ا ‪ c8h‬ا ا‪ Kd‬ا ‪-‬ي‬
‫[ ا‪G#‬ج ‪ LD‬وذ ‪ I G ./ )D Z‬ا ‪C‬ب ‪  D‬ذ ‪0 Z‬ل ‪ .h#  8G‬ا ‪ : )hg‬أ‪ A‬ا ‪^ !"# %AE‬اط إذا ا‪#‬ج ا ارد‬
‫‪0 
A‬ل وا `اه ‪ !"#‬ذ ‪ Z‬أآ ‪ A‬أن ‪0 J‬ل ‪ C 
Q‬ا ‪C‬ب ا اط ‪ )D L" C 
D‬آ; ‪0‬ل و‪ ; #‬وو^] @‪.A‬‬
‫أو ا‪G#‬ج ‪ ]D‬ا 
@‪ LA‬وا ‪C‬ج ‪ Q . LGG#‬ا‪B# R"O‬رات ا  
‪ A 8‬ا
"] وا ‪ 
)D ]"g‬‬
‫ا اط وإن آن ‪ 5"^= IG8‬إ ! ‪)X‬ء وا= وه ا ‪ W .C‬و "@ل ‪D‬وي أ‪ L‬آب ا‪0 W‬ل ا أ) = =‪ %Q‬ا ‪
J‬‬
‫ ‪ 8  !J8 )%Q= .D#‬ن ‪2 = #‬ة ا ‪82‬ت ‪ C@ #‬وه ا ا ‪g‬ر ا ‪ # )<h‬ا أ‪ )O‬ا ‪J‬رث ا‪#M‬ر ‪ #‬ا ‪J‬رث‬
‫ا‪#M‬ر ‪  )"# #‬أ) ‪ ( m‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ا اط ا 
آب ا‪ " W‬وآ‪Z -‬‬
‫روا‪ e‬ا ‪2 = o8= A 8G‬ة ا =‪ (B‬ا ‪82‬ت و‪ 0‬م ‪ ;<aD )D‬ا ‪n‬ن ‪  D‬روا‪ e‬أ=  وا ‪-A‬ي ‪ A‬روا‪ .8‬ا ‪J‬رث‬
‫ا‪#M‬ر ‪ " #DA )"# #‬وه =‪ ;B‬ا‪ W‬ا  وه ا ‪-‬آ ا ‪ VJ‬وه ا اط ا 
" و‪ 0‬روي ‪ )"# !"# D0A‬ر‪)d‬‬
‫ا‪ L%# W‬وه أ‪ LBX‬وا‪ W‬أ‪ "#‬و‪0‬ل ا ري ‪%A #‬ر ‪ #‬أ) وا<; ‪ B# #‬ا‪0 W‬ل ا اط ا 
آب ا‪ .W‬و‪ ;0‬ه‬
‫ا‪T@U‬م ‪0‬ل ا ‪Ja‬ك ‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ‪  5"#  J ;8BG‬ا
‪T‬م " ‪  JA 8 ;0‬اه ا اط ا 
" ‪8‬ل أ ‪% 5‬‬
‫ا ‪ c8h‬ا ‪5‬دي وه د‪ 8‬ا‪ W‬ا ‪-‬ي [ ا‪G#‬ج ‪ LD‬و‪0‬ل ‪ A‬ن  ‪5A‬ان ‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪ " : ! C L 0 )D‬اه ا اط‬
‫ا 
" ‪0‬ل ذاك ا‪T@U‬م و‪0‬ل إ@ ‪ B#  ;#‬ا =  ا 
ي ا ‪ # BV‬أ) ‪ Z A‬و‪ #‬أ) ^ ‪ # K‬ا ‪B#‬س و‪A #‬ة‬
‫ا ‪ 5‬ا) ‪ #‬ا ‪C
A‬د و‪ #‬س ‪ A‬أ^‪J‬ب ا ‪ " )B%‬اه ا اط ا 
" ‪ 0‬ا ه ا‪T@U‬م و‪0‬ل ‪ B#‬ا‪  JA  W‬‬
‫‪ G # ;#‬اه ا اط ا 
‪0‬ل ه ا‪T@U‬م أو@‪   A I‬ا 
ء وا‪M‬رض ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ا ا ‪" : ! C L 0 )D .%J‬‬
‫اه ا اط ا 
" ‪0‬ل ه د‪ 8‬ا‪ W‬ا ‪-‬ي [ ‪ A ;B8‬ا ‪BC‬د ‪ er‬و‪0‬ل ‪ B#‬ا =   ز‪  8‬أ@" اه ا اط ا 

‫‪0‬ل ه ا‪T@U‬م و‪ )D‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ o8J‬ا ‪-‬ي روا‪ e‬ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪0 o= e%
A )D‬ل =‪ %Q‬ا ‪@  
J‬ار أ ا ‪TC‬ء =‪)%C8 o %Q‬‬
‫ا @‪CA # C‬و‪ K ^  .8‬أن ‪ B#‬ا =   ‪ # LQ=   BG‬أ‪ # L‬ا ‪%‬اس  @ ‪C‬ن ‪ #‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"#‬و@" ‪0‬ل ‪d " :‬ب ا‪^ TA W‬ا‪  
A m‬و‪ )B%G !"#‬ا اط @ران ‪  5D‬أاب ‪ .JA‬و‪ !"#‬ا‪M‬اب @ر‬
‫‪OA‬ة و‪ !"#‬ب ا اط داع ‪8‬ل ‪ 8‬أ‪ 58‬ا ‪%‬س اد‪"O‬ا ا اط ‪ C G‬و[ ‪GC‬ا وداع ‪D A #8‬ق ا اط ‪fD‬ذا أراد‬
‫ا‪ 
U‬ن أن ‪ Z" A  X K8‬ا‪M‬اب ‪0‬ل و‪ ZfD - LJ [ ZJ8‬إن ‪ D - L6" LJ‬اط ا‪T@U‬م وا 
ران =ود ا‪W‬‬
‫وا‪M‬اب ا ‪JA .J‬رم ا‪ W‬وذ ‪ Z‬ا ا‪ !"# )#‬رأس ا اط آب ا‪ W‬وا ا‪D A )#‬ق ا اط وا‪ v#‬ا‪ ("0 )D W‬آ; ‪"
A‬‬
‫" ‪ .‬وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬ا أ) = وا ‪ o8= A 8G‬ا "‪ .L C@  o‬وروا‪ e‬ا ‪-A‬ي وا ‪# 6=  )"# # C G )<
%‬‬
‫‪CA   O # C@  6 # .‬ان ‪ #   BG #‬ا ‪%‬اس  @ ‪C‬ن ‪ . L‬وه إ@‪%‬د = 
^‪ KJ‬وا‪ W‬أ‪. "#‬‬
‫و‪0‬ل ‪6A‬ه " اه ا اط ا 
" ‪0‬ل ا ‪ cJ‬وه‪-‬ا أ‪ ; X‬و[ ‪D%A‬ة ‪ L%‬و ‪ A‬م وروى ا أ) = وا ‪A 8G‬‬
‫=‪ o8‬أ) ا ‪ a%‬ه‪  X‬ا @ أ = ‪2‬ة  ا ‪/‬ة ‪ ^# #‬ا‪=M‬ل ‪ #‬أ) ا ‪ " . C‬اه ا اط ا 
" ‪0‬ل ه‬
‫ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" و^=‪0 eC A eB‬ل ‪-D ^#‬آ ذ ‪D 
J" Z‬ل ^ق أ ا ‪ . C‬و‪ . K‬وآ; ه‪ e-‬ا‪0M‬ال‬
‫^‪ .JJ‬وه) ‪TA‬ز‪fD .A‬ن ‪ A‬ا‪ IB‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" وا‪0‬ى  "‪ eC A 8-‬أ) ‪ V‬و‪ D  #‬ا‪ IB‬ا ‪ cJ‬و‪ A‬ا‪IB‬‬
‫ا ‪ D cJ‬ا‪ IB‬ا‪T@U‬م و‪ A‬ا‪ IB‬ا‪T@U‬م ‪ D‬ا‪ IB‬ا ‪n‬ن وه آب ا‪ W‬و=‪ L"B‬ا  و^ا‪ Lm‬ا 
‪8 .JJ^ 5"VD‬ق‬
‫‪15‬‬ 

8‫!  زآ‬J8 %Q= ) ‫ي ا‬5A  ‫ إاه‬%Q= )h
‫; ا‬a ‫   ا‬JA %Q= )‫ا‬Bh ‫ل ا‬0‫  و‬J ‫ ا‬W‫ و‬aC 5aC
. "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬L"# %‫ي آ‬- ‫ل ا اط ا 
ا‬0 W‫ ا‬B# # ;<‫ أ) وا‬# w #M‫ ا‬# ‫ أ) زا<ة‬
‫ أن‬- "
‫) " اه ا اط ا‬%#‫ي أ‬%# .8x‫ ا‬e-‫; ه‬8‫ي ه أو ! ?و‬- ‫ وا‬W‫ ا‬L =‫ ر‬8G  CG ‫م أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0 ‫ا‬-5 ‫و‬
‫ن‬M 
‫ ه ا اط ا‬Z ‫ ; وذ‬#‫ل و‬0 A ‫دك‬B# A L"# R C‫ أ‬A L RD‫ وو‬La‫ ار‬A !"# ‫ت‬B" %D‫ و‬L %CA ‫ن‬V8
Z 
‫ ا @; وا‬c8‫م و‬T@H cD‫ و‬D J  ‫اء وا‬5` ‫ وا‬8 ‫ وا‬B% ‫ ا‬A 5"# W‫ ا‬C‫ أ‬A L cD‫  و‬cD‫ و‬A
;‫ وآ‬.C‫ر‬M‫"ء ا‬g ‫ج ا‬5%A‫ و@" و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ج ا‬5%A ‫ع‬B‫ وا‬L%# eG‫  ز‬# ‫ر‬G2[‫ وا‬L W‫ ا‬eA‫ ;   أ‬C ‫ب وا‬V 
]A ‫ه وه‬r‫ة و‬T^ A R0‫) آ; و‬D .8‫ا‬5 ‫ ا‬AE ‫
?ل ا‬8 ]VD " ;0 ‫ن‬fD " .
‫ ا اط ا‬A Z ‫ وآ; ذ‬K ^ B#
! C W‫ ا‬eX‫  أر‬.8‫ا‬5 ‫ال ا‬E@ ! ‫را إ‬5‫ و‬T LG=‫اب أن [ و [ ا‬6 D ‫^; أم [ ؟‬J ‫; ا‬J ‫ ب‬A ‫ا‬-‫; ه‬5D ‫ ؟‬Z - 
5%A e‫د‬8‫ وازد‬eB‫ و‬5D LO@‫ ور‬.8‫ا‬5 ‫"! ا‬# LB )D ! C W‫ إ ! ا‬. =‫ و‬.#@ ;‫) آ‬D A BC ‫ن ا‬fD Z ‫إ ! ذ‬
.C  e 8 ‫ أن‬R0‫) آ; و‬D L ?
8 ‫ ! إ ! أن‬C eX‫?ر‬D W‫ء ا‬X A [‫ا إ‬d [‫ و‬C L 
% Z" 8 [ BC ‫ن ا‬fD 5"# e‫وا@ ار‬
‫ج‬J ‫ ا‬ha ‫ و[ @  ا‬e#‫) إذا د‬#‫ ا ا‬.Gf ;V 0 ! C LfD L ‫ا‬E
! C W‫ ا‬LD‫ و‬A C 
D cD ‫ت وا‬B ‫وا‬
‫ب‬V ‫ وا‬L @‫"! ر‬# ‫ل‬2 ‫ي‬- ‫ب ا‬V ‫ وا‬L @‫ ور‬W ‫ا‬%An ‫ا‬%An 58‫ أ‬8 " : ! C ‫ل‬0 0‫ر و‬5% ‫اف ا‬m‫ء ا "; وأ‬n L ‫ا  إ‬
‫ت وا[@ ار‬B ‫ن ا اد ا‬M ;^J ‫; ا‬J ‫ ب‬A Z ‫ ن و { ذ‬8U ‫ا‬%An 8- ‫ ا‬A‫ أ‬D .8x‫; " ا‬B0 A ‫ل‬2‫ي أ‬- ‫ا‬
‫ إذ‬C %"0 ‫غ‬2 [ %‫ ا " ر‬8 ‫ أن‬%AE ‫ ا‬e‫د‬BC ‫ا‬An ! C ‫ل‬0‫ و‬. "#‫ أ‬W‫ وا‬Z ‫"! ذ‬# .%C ‫ ل ا‬#M‫"! ا‬# .A‫وا او‬
‫ة‬T^ A .  ‫ ا‬.C‫) ا آ‬D .8x‫ ا‬e-5 ‫أ‬8 L%# W‫) ا‬d‫ ر‬c8 ‫ آن ا‬0‫ ا هب " و‬R‫ أ‬Z‫ إ‬. =‫ ر‬Z A % (‫ وه‬%8‫ه‬
er ! ‫ إ‬% ‫ل‬C [‫ و‬L"# %  @‫ " اه ا اط ا 
" ا‬: ! C L 0 !%C D ‫ @ا‬.J ‫ ا‬C ‫ب‬/ ‫ ا‬.
This is the best method for seeking help, by first praising the one whom help is sought from
and then asking for His aid, and help for one's self, and for his Muslim brethren by saying. 
ََِ

ْ ُ ْ ‫ط ا‬
َ ‫َا‬ 
‫ا ْه َِ ا‬
(Guide us to the straight path.)
This method is more appropriate and efficient in bringing about a positive answer to the
pleas, and this is why Allah recommended this better method.
Asking for help may take the form of conveying the condition of the person who is seeking
help. For instance, the Prophet Moses said, 
ٌِDَ ٍ ْO
َ ْAِ !
 َ‫ ِإ‬R
َ ْ 2َ َ‫ب ِإ! ِ َ€ أ‬ 
‫ َر‬
(My Lord! Truly, I am in need of whatever good that You bestow on me!) (28:24).
Also, one may first mention the attributes of whoever is being asked, such as what Dhun-Nun
said, 
َِ "ِ‫ـ‬Y ‫َ ا‬Aِ R
ُ %ُ‫ ِإ! آ‬Z
َ َ%‫َـ‬JBْ @
ُ R
َ َ‫ ِإ [ أ‬Lَ ‫ [ ِإ َـ‬
(La ilaha illa Anta (none has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allah)), Glorified (and
Exalted) be You (above all that they associate with You)! Truly, I have been of the wrongdoers)
(21:87).
Further, one may praise Him without mentioning what he needs. The Meaning of Guidance
mentioned in the Surah
The guidance mentioned in the Surah implies being directed and guided to success. Allah said, 
ََِ

ْ ُ ْ ‫ط ا‬
َ ‫َا‬ 
‫ا ْه َِ ا‬
(Guide us to the straight path) meaning guide, direct, lead and grant us the correct guidance.
Also, 

ِ 8َْ6% ‫ ا‬Lُ ‫َـ‬%8ْ َ‫ َو َه‬
(And shown him the two ways (good and evil)) (90:10), means, `We explained to him the paths
of good and evil.' Also, Allah said, 
ٍَِ

ْ A‚ ‫ط‬
ٍ َ^
ِ !َ ‫ ِإ‬eُ ‫ َو َهَا‬Lُ ‫َـ‬BَG
ْ ‫ا‬
(He (Allah) chose him (as an intimate friend) and guided him to a straight path) (16:121), and, 
ِِJ6
َ ْ ‫ط ا‬
ِ َ ^
ِ !َ ‫َ ْهُو ُهْ ِإ‬D
(And lead them on to the way of flaming Fire (Hell)) (37:23). Similarly, Allah said, 
ٍَِ

ْ A‚ ‫ط‬
ٍ َ ِ^ !َ ‫ِى ِإ‬5ْ َ َ Z
َ  ‫ َوِإ‬
(And verily, you (O Muhammad ) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the straight path) (42:52),
and, 
‫َا‬-‫َـ‬5 ِ َ‫ِى َهَا‬- ‫ ا‬Lِ "ِ ُ ْ J
َ ْ ‫ا‬
16

(All praise and thanks be to Allah, Who has guided us to this) (7:43), meaning, guided us and
directed us and qualified us for this end - Paradise.
As for the meaning of As-Sirat Al-Mustaqim, Imam Abu Ja`far At-Tabari said, "The Ummah
agreed that Sirat Al-Mustaqim, is the clear path without branches, according to the language
of the Arabs. For instance, Jarir bin `Atiyah Al-Khatafi said in a poem, `The Leader of the
faithful is on a path that will remain straight even though the other paths are crooked.'' AtTabari also stated that, "There are many evidences to this fact.'' At-Tabari then proceeded,
"The Arabs use the term, Sirat in reference to every deed and statement whether righteous or
wicked. Hence the Arabs would describe the honest person as being straight and the wicked
person as being crooked. The straight path mentioned in the Qur'an refers to Islam.
Imam Ahmad recorded in his Musnad that An-Nawwas bin Sam`an said that the Prophet
said,
‫َ"َ! َب‬#‫ َو‬،ٌ‫َة‬Oْ ُA ‫@ُ ٌر‬
ُ ‫ب‬
ِ ‫َ"َ! ا َْ?َْا‬#‫ َو‬،ٌ.َJ َ Aُ ٌ‫ َ َأ َْاب‬5ِ ِD ‫ن‬
ِ ‫ط @ُرَا‬
ِ ‫َا‬ 
‫َ َ)ِ ا‬B%ْ َG !َ"َ#‫ َو‬،ً َِ

ْ Aُ ًm‫ َ"ً ^َِا‬Aَ W
ُ ‫با‬
َ َ d
َ » 
ً ْ X
َ K
َ َ ْ 8َ ْ‫ ْ
َنُ َأن‬fِ ْ ‫ِذَا َأرَادَ ا‬fDَ ،ِ‫َاط‬ 
‫َْقِ ا‬D ْAِ ُ#ْ8َ ‫ع‬
ٍ ‫ َودَا‬،‫‚ا‬Gَ Cْ َ َ ‫ً َو‬Cِ G
َ ‫ط‬
َ ‫َا‬ 
‫"ُا ا‬O
ُ ْ‫سُ اد‬% ‫َ ا‬5‚8‫ََأ‬8 :‫ُل‬8َ ‫ع‬
ٍ ‫َاطِ دَا‬ 
‫ا‬
W‫َ ِرمُ ا‬JAَ .ُ J
َ  َ ُ ْ ‫ب ا‬
ُ ‫ وَا ْ ?َ َْا‬W
ِ ‫=ُودُ ا‬
ُ :‫ن‬
ِ ‫@"َ ُم وَا
‚رَا‬
ْ fِْ ‫ ا‬:ُ‫َ َاط‬D Lُ 6
ْ "َِ Lُ َ ْJَ Dَ ْ‫ ِإن‬Z
َ fِDَ Lُ J
ْ َْ َ َ Z
َJ
َ 8ْ َ‫و‬:‫َل‬0 ‫ب‬
ِ ‫ ا ْ َ? َْا‬Z
َ "ْ ِ ْAِ
«ِ"

ْ Aُ ; ‫( ُآ‬
ِ "ْ َ0 )ِD W
ِ ‫ُ ا‬v#
ِ ‫ط وَا‬
ِ ‫ق ا َا‬
ِ َْD ْAِ )ِ#‫ وَا ا‬،ِW‫ب ا‬
ُ َ‫ط ِآ‬
ِ ‫َا‬ 
‫س ا‬
ِ ْ‫"َ! َرأ‬#
َ )ِ#‫َ ا ا‬Z ِ‫َو َذ‬
(Allah has set an example: a Sirat (straight path) that is surrounded by two walls on both
sides, with several open doors within the walls covered with curtains. There is a caller on the
gate of the Sirat who heralds, 'O people! Stay on the path and do not deviate from it.'
Meanwhile, a caller from above the path is also warning any person who wants to open any of
these doors, 'Woe unto you! Do not open it, for if you open it you will pass through.' The
straight path is Islam, the two walls are Allah's set limits, while the doors resemble what Allah
has prohibited. The caller on the gate of the Sirat is the Book of Allah, while the caller above
the Sirat is Allah's admonishment in the heart of every Muslim.)
If someone asks, "Why does the believer ask Allah for guidance during every prayer and at
other times, while he is already properly guided Has he not already acquired guidance''
The answer to these questions is that if it were not a fact that the believer needs to keep asking
for guidance day and night, Allah would not have directed him to invoke Him to acquire the
guidance. The servant needs Allah the Exalted every hour of his life to help him remain firm
on the path of guidance and to make him even more firm and persistent on it. The servant
does not have the power to benefit or harm himself, except by Allah's permission. Therefore,
Allah directed the servant to invoke Him constantly, so that He provides him with His aid and
with firmness and success. Indeed, the happy person is he whom Allah guides to ask of Him.
This is especially the case if a person urgently needs Allah's help day or night. Allah said, 
ُ;ْB0َ ِA ‫ َل‬2َ‫ِى َأ‬- ‫( ا‬
ِ ‫َِـ‬V ْ ‫ وَا‬Lِ ِ ُ@‫"َ! َر‬#
َ ‫ َل‬2 َ ‫ِى‬- ‫( ا‬
ِ ‫َِـ‬V ْ ‫ وَا‬Lِ ُِ@‫ َو َر‬Lِ " ِ ْ‫ُا‬%Aِ ‫ُاْ ءَا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ‫َـ‬8
(O you who believe! Believe in Allah, and His Messenger (Muhammad ), and the Book (the
Qur'an) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to
those before (him)) (4:16).
Therefore, in this Ayah Allah commanded the believers to believe, and this command is not
redundant since what is sought here is firmness and continuity of performing the deeds that
help one remain on the path of faith. Also, Allah commanded His believing servants to
proclaim, 
‫ب‬
ُ ‫ ا ْ َه‬R
َ َ‫ أ‬Z
َ  ‫ ِإ‬.ً َ ْ=‫َ َر‬Zُ ِA َ% َ ْ(‫َ َو َه‬%َ 8ْ َ َ‫َ ِإذْ ه‬Cْ َ َ%َُ"ُ0 ْ‫غ‬2ِ ُ [َ َ%‫ َر‬
(Our Lord! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You have guided us, and grant us
mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower.) (3:8). Hence, 
ََِ

ْ ُ ْ ‫ط ا‬
َ ‫َا‬ 
‫ا ْه َِ ا‬
(Guide us to the straight way) means, "Make us firm on the path of guidance and do not allow
us to deviate from it.'' 
َ €a ‫ْ َو َ[ ا‬5ِ ْ َ"#
َ ‫ب‬
ِ ُaْ/ َ ْ ‫َ ِْ ا‬r ْ5ِ ْ "ََ# R
َ ْ Cَ ْ ‫َ َأ‬8ِ- ‫ط ا‬
َ ‫^َا‬
ِ 
(7. The way of those upon whom You have bestowed Your grace, not (that) of those who
17

earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray).
We mentioned the Hadith in which the servant proclaims, 
ََِ

ْ ُ ْ ‫ط ا‬
َ ‫َا‬ 
‫ا ْه َِ ا‬
(Guide us to the straight way) and Allah says, "This is for My servant, and My servant shall
acquire what he asks for.'' Allah's statement. 
ْ5ِ ْ "ََ# R
َ ْ Cَ ْ ‫َ َأ‬8ِ- ‫ط ا‬
َ ‫^َا‬
ِ 
(The way of those upon whom You have bestowed Your grace) defines the path. `Those upon
whom Allah has bestowed His grace' are those mentioned in Surat An-Nisa' (chapter 4), when
Allah said,
- ًِDَ‫ ر‬Z
َ ِ ‫ أُو َـ‬
َ

ُ=
َ ‫َِ َو‬J"ِ‫ ِء وَا ـ‬nَ5َ `
‚ ‫ وَا‬
َ ِ8 
‫َ وَا‬Bِ % ‫ ا‬
َ A ِ5ْ "ََ# Lُ " ‫ َ ا‬Cَ ْ ‫ َأ‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬Iَ Aَ َZِ ‫َُ?وْ َـ‬D ‫ وَا @ُ َل‬Lَ " ‫ ا‬Iِ ِh8ُ َA‫ َو‬ 
ً ِ"#
َ Lِ " ِ !َ‫ َو َآ‬Lِ " ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ;ُ a
ْ َ ْ ‫َ ا‬Z ِ‫ذ‬
(And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad ), then they will be in the
company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His grace, the Prophets, the Siddiqin (the
truly faithful), the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are! Such
is the bounty from Allah, and Allah is sufficient to know) (4:69-70).

18

2. QS Al Baqarah 2:207
‫َد‬BِC ْ ِ ٌ‫ َرءُوف‬Lُ " ‫ وَا‬Lِ " ‫ت ا‬
ِ َdَْA ‫َ€ َء‬/ِ ْ‫ ا‬Lُ

َ ْ َ ‫`ِى‬
ْ 8َ َA ِ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ َو‬
2:207. Dan di antara manusia ada orang yang mengorbankan dirinya karena mencari
keridhaan Allah; dan Allah Maha Penyantun kepada hamba-hamba-Nya.
207. And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is
full of kindness to (His) servants.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
ِ‫َد‬BِC ْ ِ ٌ‫ رَءُوف‬Lُ " ‫ وَا‬Lِ " ‫َةِ ا‬dْAَ ‫َ َء‬/ِ ْ ‫ ا‬Lُ

َ َْ ‫`ِي‬
ْ َ8 ْAَ ‫س‬
ِ % ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫َو‬ 
%AE ‫ ذآ ^ت ا‬. A- ‫ ا‬5 D% ‫ ا‬# BO‫ "  أ‬W‫ت ا‬dA ‫ء‬/‫ ا‬L 
‫`ي‬8 A ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬A‫ " و‬L 0‫و‬
‫ي‬5% ‫ ن ا‬# ‫  ا 
( وأ‬C@‫س وأ{ و‬B# ‫ل ا‬0 "W‫ت ا‬dA ‫ء‬/‫ ا‬L 
‫`ي‬8 A ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬A‫ل " و‬D ‫ ة‬J ‫ا‬
(=‫ وإن أ‬L   G58 ‫س أن‬% ‫ ا‬LC%A ‫ة‬65 ‫ وأراد ا‬.V  "@‫  أ‬L‫ أ‬Z ‫) وذ‬A‫ن ا و‬%@  (5^ )D R 2 .# G‫ و‬.AV#‫و‬
‫ة‬J ‫ف ا‬m ! ‫ إ‬.# G‫ب و‬hg ‫   ا‬# e"D .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬LD W‫ل ا‬2?D L A ‫ه‬h#‫ وأ‬5%A ‡"gD ;CD G58‫ و‬L%A ‫د‬68 ‫أن‬
W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫وى أن ر@ل ا‬8‫ و‬. .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ل ه‬2‫ أ‬W‫ أن ا‬e‫و‬BO?D ‫ ذاك‬A‫ و‬V‫ر‬6 W‫ 
ا‬O‫ أ‬TD ‫ل وأ‬D IB ‫ ا‬K‫ ر‬L ‫ ا‬D 
%Q= .@‫  ر‬W‫ ا‬B#   JA %Q= ‫   إاه‬JA %Q= : L8‫دو‬A ‫ل ا‬0 " (5^ IB ‫ ا‬K‫ " ر‬L ‫ل‬0 - "@‫ و‬L"#
.VA A ‫ة‬65 ‫  أردت ا‬: ‫ل‬0 (5^ # ‫ي‬5% ‫ ن ا‬# )‫ أ‬# ‫ف‬# %Q= )Ba ‫  @" ن ا‬CG %Q= ‫@" ن  داود‬
‫ أا‬Z ‫ن ذ‬V8 [ W‫ وا‬Z A‫ و‬R‫ج أ‬g‫ و‬Z ‫ل‬A [‫ و‬% ‫ إ‬RA0 (5^ 8 w80 ) R 0 - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- )B% ‫إ ! ا‬
Z ‫"ˆ ذ‬BD .%8 ‫ ا‬RA0 != RGgD )%# ‫"ا‬gD ) A 5 ‫ إ‬RCDD C ‫ ا‬0 ‫) ؟‬%# ‫"ن‬g ) A V ‫ إ‬RCD‫ إن د‬8‫ أرأ‬5 R"D 
C@ # 8‫")  ز‬# # . "@  ‫ل = د‬0‫ و‬A "(5^ K‫( ر‬5^ K‫ل " ر‬D - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- )B% ‫ا‬
L%‫) آ‬D A ;‫ وأ‬L"=‫ را‬# ‫ل‬2%D w80 A  LCBD - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- )B% ‫ ا‬J ‫ا‬G5A (5^ ;B0‫ أ‬: ‫ل‬0 (
‫ا‬
‫ب‬d‫ أ‬Q )%‫) آ‬D 5@ ;V )A‫ [ "ن إ ) =! أر‬W‫ وأ وا‬TG‫آ ر‬A‫ أر‬A )‫"  أ‬# 0 w80 `CA 8 : ‫ل‬0 Q
‫م‬0  "D C ‫ ا‬0 )"B@ "O‫ و‬.V  )%0‫ ) و‬A !"# V" ‫  د‬X ‫  وإن‬X A ‫"ا‬CD‫ ا‬Q ‫)ء‬X L%A ‫ي‬8 )D ) A ) 

W‫ وا‬W‫ت ا‬dA ‫ء‬/‫ ا‬L 
‫`ي‬8 A ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬A‫ " و‬R 2‫ل و‬0 " IB ‫ ا‬K‫ل " ر‬0 - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- )B% ‫"! ا‬# 
A ‫ى‬X‫ ا‬W‫ ! " إن ا‬C ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬W‫; ا‬B@ )D ‫ه‬6A ;‫) آ‬D R 2 5‫"! أ‬# Z ‫ "ا ذ‬JD ‫آون‬M‫ ا‬A‫د" وأ‬BC  ‫رءوف‬
‫ن‬n ‫; وا‬6U‫) ا راة وا‬D = L"# ‫ا‬#‫"ن و‬8‫"ن و‬D W‫; ا‬B@ )D ‫"ن‬8 .%6 ‫ ا‬5 ‫ ?ن‬5 ‫ا‬A‫ وأ‬5 
‫ أ‬%AE ‫ا‬ 
V‫  ا  أ‬A#  ‫ " و  = ; ه`م‬YC ‫ ه ا ز ا‬Z ‫ وذ‬L C8 ‫ي‬- ‫ ا‬VCB ‫`وا‬B@D ‫ ؟‬W‫ ا‬A e5C !D‫ أو‬A‫و‬
‫ء‬/‫ ا‬L 
‫`ي‬8 A ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬A‫ " و‬.8x‫ ا‬e-‫ه  و"ا ه‬r‫ة و‬8‫ب وأ ه‬hg ‫   ا‬# 5"# ‫د‬D ‫س‬% ‫‰ ا‬C L"#
‫د‬BC  ‫ رءوف‬W‫ وا‬W‫ت ا‬dA" .
Allah said: 
ِL" ‫ت ا‬
ِ َdْAَ ‫َ€ َء‬/ِ ْ‫ ا‬Lُ

َ َْ ‫`ِى‬
ْ 8َ َA ‫س‬
ِ % ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ َو‬
(And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah.)
After Allah described the evil characteristics of the hypocrites, He mentioned the good
qualities of the believers. Allah said: 
ِL" ‫ت ا‬
ِ َdْAَ ‫َ€ َء‬/ِ ْ‫ ا‬Lُ

َ َْ ‫`ِى‬
ْ 8َ َA ‫س‬
ِ % ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ َو‬
(And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah.)
Ibn `Abbas, Anas, Sa`id bin Musayyib, Abu `Uthman An-Nahdi, `Ikrimah and several other
19

scholars said that this Ayah was revealed about Suhayb bin Sinan Ar-Rumi. When Suhayb
became a Muslim in Makkah and intended to migrate (to Al-Madinah), the people (Quraysh)
prevented him from migrating with his money. They said that if he forfeits his property, he is
free to migrate. He abandoned his money and preferred to migrate, and Allah revealed this
Ayah about him. `Umar bin Khattab and several other Companions met Suhayb close to the
outskirts of Al-Madinah at Al-Harrah (flat lands with black stones). They said to him, "The
trade has indeed been successful.'' He answered them, "You too, may Allah never allow your
trade to fail. What is the matter'' `Umar told him that Allah has revealed this Ayah (2:207)
about him. It was also reported that Allah's Messenger said, "The trade has been successful,
O Suhayb!''
The meaning of the Ayah (2:207) includes every Mujahid in the way of Allah. Allah said in
another Ayah:
‫ِ) ا ْرَاة‬D Šَ= Lِ ْ َ"#
َ ‫ًا‬#
ْ ‫ن َو‬
َ ُ"َْ 8ُ ‫ َْ ُ"ُنَ َو‬Dَ Lِ " ‫ِ;ِ ا‬B@
َ !ِD َ‫َـ ِ"ُن‬8ُ .َ % 6
َ ّ‫ ُ ا‬5ُ َ ‫ن‬
 ?َِ ْ5ُ ََ Aْ ‫ْ َوَأ‬5ُ

َ ُ َ‫ أ‬
َ ِ%Aِ ْE ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ ََى‬X
ْ ‫ ا‬Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ِإ‬ 
ُ ِYCَ ْ ‫َ ُه َ ا ْ َْزُ ا‬Z ِ‫ َو َذ‬Lِ ِ ُْ ْC8َ َ ‫ِى‬- ‫ ُ ا‬Vُ Cِ ْ Bَ ِ ‫`ُو ْا‬
ِ ْBَ @
ْ َD Lِ " ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ِeِ 5ْ Cَ ِ !َDْ‫ْ َأو‬Aَ ‫ن َو‬
ِ ‫ِ ِ; وَا ْ ُْءا‬6ِU‫وَا‬
(Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties for (the price) that
theirs shall be the Paradise. They fight in Allah's cause, so they kill (others) and are killed. It
is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Tawrah and the Injil and the Qur'an. And
who is truer to his covenant than Allah Then rejoice in the bargain which you have concluded.
That is the supreme success.) (9:111)
When Hisham bin `Amr penetrated the lines of the enemy, some people criticized him. `Umar
bin Al-Khattab and Abu Hurayrah refuted them and recited this Ayah: 
ِ‫َد‬BCِ ْ ِ ‫ف‬
ٌ ‫ َرءُو‬Lُ " ‫ وَا‬Lِ " ‫َتِ ا‬dْAَ ‫َ€ َء‬/ِ ْ ‫ ا‬Lُ

َ َْ ‫`ِى‬
ْ 8َ َA ‫س‬
ِ % ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ َو‬
(And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is full
of kindness to (His) servants.)

20

3. QS Al Baqarah 2:2-5 
ِ ُ "ْ  ‫ هًُى‬Lِ ِD (
َ 8ْ َ‫ب َ[ ر‬
ُ َِV ْ ‫َ ا‬Z ِ‫ َذ‬ 
(َْ/ ْ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ُ%Aِ ْE8ُ 
َ 8ِ- ‫ا‬ 
‫ ُِن‬%ُ8 ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%ْ0‫  َر َز‬Aِ ‫ُِ ُنَ ا "ةَ َو‬8‫ َو‬ 
‫ُن‬%ِ0ُ8 ْ‫ِ َ ِة ُه‬OْMِ‫ َو‬Z
َ "ِْB0َ ِA َ‫ل‬2ِ ُ‫َ€ أ‬A‫َ َو‬Zْ َ‫لَ ِإ‬2ِ ُ‫ن ِ َ€ أ‬
َ ُ%Aِ ْE8ُ َ8ِ- ‫ وَا‬ 
‫ُن‬J"ِْ ُ ْ ‫ ُهُ ا‬Z
َ ِ ‫ْ َوُأوْ َـ‬5ِ  ‫ ر‬A ‫َ"َ! ُهًى‬# Z
َ ِ ‫ ُأوْ َـ‬
(2. That is Book in which there is no Rayb, guidance for the Muttaqin).
(3.Those Who have faith in the Ghayb).
(And perform Salah, and spend out of what we have provided for them)
(4. And who have faith in what is revealed to you and in what was revealed before you, and in
the Hereafter they are certain.)
(5. They are on guidance from their Lord, and they are the successful.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
َِ ُ "ْ ِ ‫ ُهًى‬Lِ ِD (
َ 8ْ َ‫ب َ ر‬
ُ َVِ ْ ‫ ا‬Z
َ َِ‫ذ‬ 
8‫;  =ن وز‬A‫ وا 
ي و‬BG  C@‫ و‬.AV#‫ه و‬6A ‫ل‬0 ‫ا‬-‫ب وآ‬V ‫ا ا‬-‫ب أي ه‬V ‫ ا‬Z ‫س ذ‬B# ‫ل ا‬0 Œ8G ‫ل ا‬0
)D ‫وف‬CA ‫ا‬-‫ وه‬Ox‫ن ا‬VA  5%A T‫ "ن آ‬C 
D ‫رة‬XU‫رض  ا@ ) ا‬C ‫ب‬C ‫ا وا‬-‫! ه‬%C  Z ‫Œ أن ذ‬8G ‫ أ@" وا‬
[ " ! C ‫ل‬0  ‫رة إ ! " ا  " آ‬X‫ إ‬Z ‫`ي ذ‬gA2 ‫ل ا‬0‫ة و‬B# )‫ أ‬# !% ‫   ا‬CA # ‫ري‬gB ‫ ا‬eV= 0‫ و‬5AT‫آ‬
‫ م‬A ! ‫ إ‬L X‫  أ‬A Z ‫ل ذ‬A‫" وأ‬W‫ ا‬V ‫ل " ذ‬0‫ " و‬V% VJ8 W‫ ا‬V= V ‫ !" ذ‬C ‫ل‬0‫ " و‬Z ‫ان  ذ‬# V [‫رض و‬D
W‫ ا @ل ^"! ا‬#‫ي و‬- ‫ن ا‬n ‫رة إ ! ا‬X‫ إ‬Z ‫ أن ذ‬er‫) و‬Bm ‫ ا‬eV=  D 8 
‫‰ ا‬C (‫ ذه‬0‫ و‬. "#‫ أ‬W‫ وا‬e‫ذآ‬
‫ب‬V ‫ وا‬. "#‫ أ‬W‫ه( آون وا‬- ‫ا ا‬-‫] ه‬Cd 0‫ و‬.‫`ة‬# ‫ال‬0‫) أ‬D Z ‫ ذ‬J ‫; أو‬6U‫ أو ا راة أو ا‬L"# L ‫ا‬2f "@‫ و‬L"#
)D ‫ق‬r‫ وأ‬.C6% ‫ ا‬C‫ أ‬D er‫ و‬8G ‫ ا‬eV=  ‫; آ‬6U‫رة إ ! ا راة وا‬XU‫ب ا‬V ‫ ا‬Z - ‫ إن ا اد‬: ‫ل‬0 A‫ن و‬n ‫ا‬ 
‫ ا‬# )‫ ا‬5 ‫ة ا‬A #‫س و‬B# ‫ ا‬# K ^ )‫ أ‬#‫ و‬Z A )‫ أ‬# ‫ل ا 
ي‬0 Z` ‫( ا‬8 ‫ وا‬L L "# [ A ]"V‫ع و‬2% ‫ا‬
‫س‬B# ‫ل أ ا رداء وا‬0‫ و‬LD ZX [ " LD (8‫ و@" " [ ر‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ب ر@ل ا‬J^‫ أ‬A ‫ أس‬#‫د و‬C
A
‫دة‬0‫;  =ن وا 
ي و‬A‫  أ{ و‬I ‫ وا‬. C ‫ء وأ ا‬h#‫  و‬# ‫ ! ا‬A ID‫ و‬Z A ‫ وأ‬BG  C@‫ه و‬6A‫و‬
; G 8 R 0 .% : ; G ‫ل‬0 . 5 ‫) ا‬D (8 ‫ ; ا‬C
8 0‫ و‬DTO ‫ا‬-‫) ه‬D "#‫ل ا أ) = [ أ‬0‫ و‬-  O )‫;  أ‬# @‫وإ‬ 
D
‫ ا‬%C G‫ أ‬Q BO‫( و‬8‫ آ; ر‬.A5 A %a0 : 5aC ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬.GJ ‫) ا‬D a8‫ ; أ‬C@‫( وا‬8A  8 T‫ آ‬R"D )%‫أر‬
(8‫ب [ ر‬V ‫; ا‬82%  ‫ة " ا‬6
‫) ا‬D ! C ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬W‫ ا‬%# A ‫ل‬2 L‫ أ‬LD ZX [ ‫ن‬n ‫ب ه ا‬V ‫ا ا‬-‫ أن ه‬%‫م ه‬TV ‫! ا‬%CA‫و‬
" (8‫ ! " [ ر‬C L 0 !"# ]8 A ‫ ا اء‬A‫ و‬. LD ‫) أي [ ا‬5% ‫ ا‬e%CA‫ و‬BO ‫ا‬-‫ ه‬5aC ‫ل‬0‫  " و‬C ‫ رب ا‬A LD
L 0 8 LM‫ ا ) ذآه و‬.8 ! ‫" أو‬LD (8‫ ! " [ ر‬C L 0 !"# ]0 ‫ هى "  " وا‬LD " ! C L  ‫ئ‬B8‫و‬
RC% ‫"! ا‬# #DA ‫ن‬V8 ‫ أن‬.C ‫ ا‬o= A ; J8 ‫ وهى‬. ‫ هى‬LD ‫ آن‬A ˆ"‫ أ‬Z ‫ن وذ‬n" .^ " ‫ ! " هى‬C 
‫ وه‬0‫ و‬5‫ذا‬n )D ‫ن‬%AE8 [ 8- ‫ء وا‬X‫ا هى و‬%An 8-" ‫; ه‬0 " ‫ل‬0  ‫ "  آ‬.8‫ا‬5 ‫ ا‬RO‫ل و‬J ‫"! ا‬# %A‫و‬
! ‫ 
را " إ‬O [‫  إ‬Y ‫ ا‬828 [‫ و‬%AE " . =‫ء ور‬X ‫ ه‬A ‫ن‬n ‫ ا‬A ‫ل‬2%‫ " " و‬C ‫ن‬VA A ‫دون‬%8 Z ‫ ! أو‬# 5"#
‫ل‬0  ‫ار آ‬M‫ إ[ ا‬L %8 [ V ‫ هى و‬L 
)D ‫ ه‬LM ‫ن‬n  I%  %AE ‫ص ا‬O‫"! ا‬# . ‫ت ا ا‬8x‫ ا‬A Z ‫ ذ‬r
)‫ أ‬# ‫ل ا 
ي‬0 0‫ " و‬%AE " . =‫) ا ور وهى ور‬D  ‫ء‬X‫ و‬V‫ ر‬A .Y#A V‫ء‬G 0 ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬58‫ أ‬8 "! C 
"@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ب ر@ل ا‬J^‫ أ‬A ‫ أس‬#‫د و‬C
A ‫ ا‬# )‫ ا‬5 ‫ة ا‬A #‫س و‬B# ‫ ا‬# K ^ )‫ أ‬#‫ و‬Z A
‫ن‬8 8- ‫ن ا‬%AE ‫ل ه ا‬0  " ‫ل هى‬0 ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# ‫ك‬Ja ‫ ا‬# ‫ل أ روق‬0‫) را "  و‬%C8 " " ‫" هى‬ 
# BG  C@ ‫ أو‬.AV# # RQ  8‫ ! ز‬A  JA )‫   أ‬JA # ‫ق‬J@‫   إ‬JA ‫ل‬0‫) و‬#h ‫ "ن‬C8‫ا `ك ) و‬
‫ء‬G   c8 ‫) ا‬D L =‫ن ر‬G8‫ى و‬5 ‫ ا‬A ‫ن‬DC8 A ‫) ك‬D L# W‫ ا‬A ‫رون‬-J8 8- ‫ل ا‬0 "  " "‫س‬B# ‫ا‬ 
5"# ‫ض‬D‫ ا‬A ‫ وأدوا‬5"# W‫ =م ا‬A ‫ اا‬: ‫ل‬0  " ! C L 0 ‫ي‬B ‫ 
ا‬J ‫ ا‬# ;G‫ ر‬# ‫ل @ن ا ري‬0‫ و‬L 
QU‫< ا‬B‫ن آ‬B%68 8- ‫ل ا‬D L ?
D )B"V ‫ ا‬5%# ;@ ) ‫ل‬D LBG?D ‫ل‬0  ‫ ا‬# w #M‫) ا‬% ?@ ‫ش‬#  V ‫ل أ‬0‫و‬
(/  ‫ن‬%AE8 8- ‫ " ا‬L  W‫ ا‬5C 8- ‫دة "  ه ا‬0 ‫ل‬0‫ و‬. eV%8  ‫ و‬Z -‫ آ‬L‫ى أ‬8 ‫ل‬D w #M‫ إ ! ا‬RCGD ‫ل‬0 
A LGA ‫ي وا‬-A ‫ روى ا‬0‫ و‬.‫ل‬0  ‫ وه آ‬L"‫ آ‬Z ‫ ذ‬C .8x‫ أن ا‬8G ‫ر ا‬O‫ه وا‬C ) ‫ وا‬.8x‫ة " ا‬T ‫ ن ا‬8‫و‬
21

‫روا‪ .8‬أ) ‪ B# ;#‬ا‪ B# # ;#  W‬ا‪ # 828  W‬ر‪ 828  .C‬و‪ .h# # {0  .h#‬ا
‪C‬ي ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل‬
‫ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " [ ‪ ˆ"B8‬ا ‪ BC‬أن ‪V8‬ن ‪ A‬ا  =! ‪8‬ع ‪? [ A‬س ‪-= L‬را ‪? L  A‬س " ‪0 Q‬ل ا ‪-A‬ي = 

‫‪ (8r‬و‪0‬ل ا أ) = =‪ %Q‬أ) =‪ B# %Q‬ا‪ #  W‬ان ‪ #‬إ@‪J‬ق  @" ن ‪ )%C8‬ا ازي ‪ #‬ا ‪/‬ة  ‪# "
A‬‬
‫‪ A‬ن أ) = ‪2‬ة ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬آ‪ %#  
G R%‬أ) وا<; ‪ %"# ;OD‬ر‪8 ;G‬ل ‪ L‬أ ‪ A ]#‬أ^‪J‬ب ‪CA‬ذ ‪D‬ل ‪8 . "@  cX L‬‬
‫أ ‪ ]#‬أ[ ‪CA # %QJ‬ذ  ‪0 ;BG‬ل "! @ ‪8 LC‬ل ‪ {BJ8‬ا ‪%‬س ‪8‬م ا ‪ I )D .A‬وا= ‪%D‬دي ‪%A‬د أ‪ 8‬ا ن ؟‬
‫‪AD‬ن ‪ )D‬آ‪ A ]%‬ا =  [ ‪ (6J8‬ا‪ 5%A W‬و[ ‪ A R"0 . 
8‬ا ن ‪0‬ل ‪0‬م اا ا `ك و‪B#‬دة ا‪M‬و‪Q‬ن وأ‪"O‬ا‬
‫‪ W‬ا ‪BC‬دة ‪ D‬ون إ ! ا ‪ . .%6‬و‪ c"h8‬ا ‪5‬ى و‪8‬اد ‪ )D 8 A L‬ا "( ‪ A‬ا‪ 8U‬ن وه‪-‬ا [ ‪8‬ر ‪"0 )D L"O !"#‬ب ا ‪BC‬د إ[ ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ 2#‬و‪0 ;G‬ل ا‪ " ! C W‬إ‪5 [ Z‬ي ‪ A‬أ=‪ " RBB‬و‪0‬ل" { ‪ Z"#‬هاه " و‪0‬ل " ‪ ;"a8 A‬ا‪ TD W‬هدي ‪ " L‬و‪0‬ل " ‪A‬‬
‫‪ 58‬ا‪ 5D W‬ا ‪ 5‬و‪ L 6 "D ;"a8 A‬و  ‪XA‬ا " إ ! ‪ r‬ذ ‪ A Z‬ا‪8x‬ت و‪ c"h8‬و‪8‬اد ‪ L‬ن ا ‪ cJ‬و‪ LJd‬وا [ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ L"#‬وا‪U‬ر‪X‬د إ ‪0 . L‬ل ا‪ " ! C W‬وإ‪5 Z‬ي إ ! ^اط ‪ " 
A‬و‪0‬ل " إ  أ‪-%A R‬ر و ‪0 ;V‬م هد " و‪0‬ل ‪" ! C‬‬
‫وأ‪ Q A‬د ‪%85D‬ه ‪BJ@D‬ا ا ‪ !"# ! C‬ا ‪5‬ى " و‪0‬ل " وه‪ e%8‬ا ‪0 A  
!"# "86%‬ل ا اد ‪  5‬ا ‪ g‬وا ` وه‬
‫ا‪M‬ر‪ KG‬وا‪ W‬أ‪ "#‬وأ^; ا ى ا ‪M eV8  A )0‬ن أ^"‪ 5‬و‪0‬ى ‪ A‬ا ‪0 .80‬ل ا ‪ @ : ./%‬ا ‪ ]%‬و  د إ@‪Lm‬‬
‫‪%D‬و ‪ L‬وا‪   %‬و‪0‬ل ا‪ #%0 R ?D : Ox‬دو‪ L‬ا ` { وا‪  ^A 
=? R‬آ] و‪ CA‬و‪ ;0 0‬إن ‪   #‬ا ‪hg‬ب‬
‫ر‪ )d‬ا‪?@ L%# W‬ل أ)  آ‪ # (C‬ا ى ‪D‬ل ‪ L‬أ‪ 8m RV"@ A‬ذا ‪X‬ك ؟ ‪0‬ل "! ‪0‬ل ‪0 R" #  D‬ل ‪ X‬ت وا‪5G‬ت ‪0‬ل‬
‫‪ Z -D‬ا ى ‪ .‬و‪ 0‬أ‪ -O‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ !%C‬ا ا ‪D 2C‬ل ‪ ;O :‬ا ‪-‬ب ^‪/‬ه وآ‪B‬ه ذاك ا ! وا^‪ I%‬آ ش ‪D‬ق أر ض ا `ك‬
‫‪-J8‬ر ‪8 A‬ى [ ‪J‬ن ^‪/‬ة إن ا ‪B6‬ل ‪ A‬ا ‪ !J‬وأ` أ ا رداء ‪ 88 : A8‬ا ء أن ‪ e%A !E8‬و‪ !?8‬ا‪ W‬إ[ ‪ A‬أرادا‬
‫‪8‬ل ا ء ‪ )<D‬و‪ ) A‬وى ا‪ W‬أ‪ A ;aD‬ا@دا و‪ %@ )D‬ا ‪ # LGA‬أ) أ‪ .AA‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪ A‬ا@د ا ء ‪ C‬ى ا‪O W‬ا ‪ A‬زو‪ .J ^ .G‬إن ‪ Y‬إ ‪ L@ 5‬وإن أ‪A‬ه أ‪ L#m‬وإن أ‪
0‬‬
‫‪ 5"# " .‬أ‪ L‬وإن ‪r‬ب ‪ 5 
)D LY= 5%#‬و‪L A‬‬
‫(‬
‫ن ِ ْ ‪ِ ْ َ/‬‬
‫ ُ‪َ ُ%Aِ ْE8‬‬
‫ا ‪َ 8ِ-‬‬
‫‪0‬ل أ ‪ CG‬ا ازي ‪ #‬ا ‪TC‬ء  ا 
(  را‪ # ID‬أ) إ@‪J‬ق ‪ #‬أ) ا‪=M‬ص ‪ B# #‬ا‪0 W‬ل ‪ :‬ا‪ 8U‬ن ا ‪ c8‬و‪0‬ل‬
‫‪  )"#‬أ) ‪ .J"m‬و‪ # er‬ا ‪B#‬س ر‪ )d‬ا‪%AE8  5%# W‬ن ‪08‬ن و‪0‬ل ‪ #  CA‬ا ‪2‬هي ‪ :‬ا‪ 8U‬ن ا ‪ ; C‬و‪0‬ل أ‬
‫‪ CG‬ا ازي ‪ #‬ا ‪  I‬أ{ ‪%AE8‬ن ‪`g8‬ن ‪0 .‬ل ا ‪ : 8G‬وا‪M‬و ! أن ‪V8‬ا ‪ 8U D^A‬ن  ‪ [0 (/‬وا‪#‬دا‬
‫و‪ T #‬و‪ ;O 0‬ا ‪ !%CA )D W .`g‬ا‪ 8U‬ن ا ‪-‬ي ه ‪ c8‬ا ل  ‪ ; C‬وا‪ 8U‬ن آ" ‪ 8H .CAG .‬ن ‪ W‬وآ‪ LB‬ور@"‪L‬‬
‫و‪ c8‬ا‪0U‬ار  ‪ " R"0 ";C‬أ‪ A‬ا‪ 8U‬ن ‪ )D‬ا "‪ !"# c"hD ./‬ا ‪ c8‬ا ‪ ‰J‬و‪ )D ; C
8 0‬ا ‪n‬ن وا اد ‪ L‬ذ ‪ Z‬آ ‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪ W AE8 " ! C‬و‪ "%AE " AE8‬وآ  ‪0‬ل إ‪O‬ة ‪ " 5M ]@8‬و‪ A‬أ‪ % AE  R‬و  آ‪^ %‬د‪ " 0‬وآ‪ Z -‬إذا‬
‫ا@‪A ; C‬و ‪ IA‬ا‪ #M‬ل آ ‪ " ! C L‬إ[ ا ‪%An 8-‬ا و‪" #‬ا ا  ‪J‬ت " ‪ A?D‬إذا ا@‪ 8UD "hA ; C‬ن ا `‪ )#‬ا ‪"h‬ب‬
‫[ ‪V8‬ن إ[ ا‪#‬دا و‪ [0‬و‪ .T #‬ه‪-V‬ا ذه( إ ‪ L‬أآ ا‪ eV= 0 ; . <M‬ا `‪ )CD‬وأ=   =‪ ;B%‬وأ ‪B#‬ة و‪ r‬وا=‬
‫إ‪ : # G‬أن ا‪ 8U‬ن ‪0‬ل و‪ ; #‬و‪ 828‬و‪ ‡%8‬و‪ 0‬ورد ‪Qn LD‬ر آة وأ=د‪ o8‬أ‪D‬د ا ‪TV‬م ‪ )D 5D‬أول ‪X‬ح ا ‪gB‬ري و‪W‬‬
‫ا ‪  J‬وا ‪ . .%‬و‪ .`g  e
D A 5%A‬آ ‪ " ! C L‬إن ا ‪`g8 8-‬ن ر‪ " (/  5‬و‪ )`O A " L 0‬ا =   ‪(/‬‬
‫و‪G‬ء "( ‪ " (%A‬وا ‪ .^TO .`g‬ا‪ 8U‬ن وا ‪ "C‬آ  ‪0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬إ  ‪ !`g8‬ا‪B# A W‬د‪ e‬ا ‪ "C‬ء " و‪0‬ل ‪%AE8 5aC‬ن‬
‫ ‪ (/‬آ  ‪%AE8‬ن  `‪5‬دة و  
ا آ  ‪0‬ل ‪ # ! C‬ا ‪ "D%‬وإذا ا ا ‪%An 8-‬ا ‪ 0‬ا ‪ %An‬وإذا ‪"O‬ا إ ! ‪ 0 5%mX‬ا‬
‫إ ‪ VCA‬إ  ‪25
A J‬ءون" و‪0‬ل " إذا ‪G‬ءك ا ‪D%‬ن ‪ 0‬ا `‪ 5‬إ‪@ Z‬ل ا‪ W‬وا‪ "C8 W‬إ‪ L @ Z‬وا‪ 5`8 W‬إن‬
‫ا ‪V D%‬ذن " ‪ !"CD‬ه‪-‬ا ‪V8‬ن ‪ [= (/  L 0‬أي ‪= )D‬ل آ‪ # Br 5‬ا ‪%‬س ‪ .‬وأ‪ A‬ا ‪ (/‬ا اد هه‪ D %‬ا‪R"O‬‬
‫‪B#‬رات ا
"] ‪ LD‬وآ"‪ IG .JJ^ 5‬إ ! أن ا ‪A I 6‬اد ‪0‬ل أ ‪ CG‬ا ازي ‪ #‬ا ‪  I‬أ{ ‪ #‬أ) ا ‪L 0 )D . C‬‬
‫‪%AE8 " ! C‬ن  ‪0 " (/‬ل ‪%AE8‬ن ‪ W‬و‪ LV<TA‬وآ‪ LB‬ور@"‪ L‬وا م ا‪ Ox‬و‪ L%G‬ور‪ e‬و <‪ L‬و‪%AE8‬ن  ‪J‬ة ‪C‬‬
‫ا ت و ‪-5D oCB‬ا ‪ (r‬آ"‪ . L‬وآ‪-‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪0‬دة  د‪ .A#‬و‪0‬ل ا 
ي ‪ #‬أ) ‪ Z A‬و‪ #‬أ) ^ ‪ # K‬ا ‪B#‬س و‪A #‬ة‬
‫ا ‪ 5‬ا) ‪ #‬ا ‪C
A‬د و‪ #‬س ‪ A‬أ^‪J‬ب ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أ‪ A‬ا ‪r  D (/‬ب ‪ #‬ا ‪BC‬د ‪ A‬أ‪ A‬ا ‪ .%6‬وأ‪A‬‬
‫ا ‪%‬ر و‪ A‬ذآ ‪ )D‬ا ‪n‬ن و‪0‬ل ‪   JA‬إ@‪J‬ق ‪   JA #‬أ) ‪ .AV# #  JA‬أو ‪ # BG  C@ #‬ا ‪B#‬س  ‪(/‬‬
‫‪0‬ل   ‪G‬ء ‪ A )%C8 - L%A‬ا‪ - ! C W‬و‪0‬ل @ن ا ري ‪ # ^# #‬زر ‪0‬ل ا ‪ (/‬ا ‪n‬ن و‪0‬ل ‪h#‬ء  أ) رح ‪A‬‬
‫‪ (/  An D W An‬و‪0‬ل إ@ ‪  ;#‬أ) ‪%AE8  O‬ن  ‪0 (/‬ل ‪ (/‬ا‪T@U‬م و‪0‬ل ز‪  8‬أ@" ا ‪%AE8 8-‬ن  ‪(/‬‬
‫‪0‬ل  ر ‪ ;VD .‬ه‪A e-‬ر‪ !%CA )D .‬وا= ‪M‬ن ‪ I G‬ه‪ e-‬ا ‪-‬آرات ‪ A‬ا ‪ (/‬ا ‪-‬ي ‪ (68‬ا‪ 8U‬ن ‪ . L‬و‪0‬ل @‪%A  C‬ر‬
‫=‪ %Q‬أ ‪CA‬و‪ # .8‬ا‪ # # w #M‬رة  ‪ B# #  #‬ا =   ‪0 828‬ل آ‪ B# %# %‬ا‪C
A  W‬د ‪-D @"G‬آ‬
‫أ^‪J‬ب ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" و‪D L B@ A‬ل ‪ B#‬ا‪ W‬إن أ‪ !"^  JA A‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" آن ‪  %‬ر‪ en‬وا ‪-‬ي [ إ ‪L‬‬
‫‪ An A er‬أ= ‪ 0‬إ‪  8‬أ‪ A ;aD‬إ‪ 8‬ن ‪0 Q (/‬أ " ا  ذ ‪ Z‬ا ‪V‬ب [ ر‪ LD (8‬هى "  ا ‪%AE8 8-‬ن  ‪ - (/‬إ !‬
‫‪ - L 0‬ا "‪J‬ن " وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬ا أ) = وا ‪A‬دو‪ L8‬وا ‪J‬آ ‪
A )D‬رآ‪m A L‬ق ‪ #‬ا‪ L w #M‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪J‬آ ^‪KJ‬‬
‫‪X !"#‬ط ا `‪ g‬و  ‪ . eGg8‬و‪ !%CA )D‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ o8J‬ا ‪-‬ي روا‪ e‬أ=  =‪ %Q‬أ ا ‪/‬ة أ ا‪M‬وزا‪ )%Q= )#‬أ@  ‪B#‬‬
‫ا =  ‪   O #‬در‪ # Z8‬ا ‪0 28JA‬ل ‪ A LC @ 8= %Q= .C G )M R"0 :‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل ‪C‬‬
‫‪22‬‬

‫أ=‪G 8= ZQ‬ا ‪ IA %8/ :‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" و‪ %CA‬أ ‪B#‬ة  ا ‪6‬اح ‪D‬ل ‪ 8‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬ه; أ= ‪ %A O‬؟‬
‫أ@" ‪ ZCA %‬و‪G‬ه ‪0 . ZCA‬ل " ‪0 C‬م ‪C A‬آ ‪%AE8‬ن ) و  ‪8‬و) " ‪ c8m‬أ‪O‬ى ‪0‬ل أ ‪A  V‬دو‪e 
)D L8‬‬
‫=‪ B# %Q‬ا‪ %Q= CG  W‬إ@ ‪ B# # ;#‬ا‪C
A  W‬د =‪ B# %Q‬ا‪CA %Q= K ^  W‬و‪ K ^ # K ^  .8‬‬
‫‪0 BG‬ل ‪0 :‬م ‪ %"#‬أ ‪ .C G‬ا‪M‬ري ^=( ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ RB‬ا س ‪ LD )"8‬و‪ - A8 %CA‬ر‪G‬ء ‬
‫=ة ر‪ )d‬ا‪  "D L%# W‬اف ‪  "D LC` %GO‬أراد ا[اف ‪0‬ل إن ‪2<G V‬ة و= أ=‪ A LC @ o8J VQ‬ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ %"0‬هت ر= ‪ Z‬ا‪0 W‬ل ‪ :‬آ‪ IA %‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" و‪CA %CA‬ذ  ‪`# X# ;BG‬ة ‪8 %"D‬‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ W‬ه; ‪0 A‬م أ‪ %A Y#‬أ‪G‬ا ؟ ‪ W %An‬وا‪%CB‬ك ‪0‬ل " ‪ A VC% 8 A‬ذ ‪ Z‬ور@ل ا‪  W‬أ‘‪5‬آ ‪A )=  V?8‬‬
‫ا 
ء ; ‪0‬م ‪C‬آ ‪ 5?8‬آب ‪%AE8 =  A‬ن ‪ L‬و‪" C8‬ن   ‪ LD‬أو ‪ Z‬أ‪ V%A Y#‬أ‪G‬ا " ‪ Q - A‬روا‪A e‬‬
‫=‪ d o8‬ة  ر‪A # .C‬زوق  ‪ # BG  K ^ # ID‬أ) ‪ . eJ% .C G‬وه‪-‬ا ا ‪ LD o8J‬د[ ‪ !"# .‬ا ‪; C‬‬
‫ ‪G‬دة ا ) ا‪ 5D ]"O‬أه; ا ‪ o8J‬آ  ‪0‬ر‪ )D L‬أول ‪X‬ح ا ‪gB‬ري ‪ !"# 5=A LM‬ذ ‪ Z‬وذآ أ‪ 5‬أ‪ Y#‬أ‪G‬ا ‪ A‬ه‪e-‬‬
‫ا ‪ "hA [ .J‬وآ‪-‬ا ا ‪ o8J‬ا‪ Ox‬ا ‪-‬ي روا‪ e‬ا ‪ .D#  
J‬ا ‪BC‬ي =‪ %Q‬إ@ ‪#  ;#‬ش ا ‪ # ) J‬ا ‪/‬ة  ‪{0‬‬
‫ا   ) ‪ # #‬و  ‪ # (CX‬أ‪0 eG # L‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " أي ا ‪ c"g‬أ‪ (6#‬إ ‪ V‬إ‪  8‬؟ ‪ 0‬ا‬
‫ا ‪0 .V<T‬ل " و‪%AE8 [ 5 A‬ن وه ‪ %#‬ر‪ 0 " 5‬ا ‪B% D‬ن ‪0‬ل " و‪%AE8 [ 5 A‬ن وا =) ‪2%8‬ل ‪ 5"#‬؟ " ‪ 0‬ا ‪J%D‬‬
‫‪0‬ل " و‪%AE [ V A‬ن وأ  أ‘‪5‬آ " ‪0‬ل ‪D :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " أ[ إن أ‪ (6#‬ا ‪ c"g‬إ ) إ‪  8‬م‬
‫‪V8‬ن ‪C A‬آ ‪68‬ون ^‪ 5D J‬آب ‪%AE8‬ن   ‪0 " 5D‬ل أ = ا ازي ‪ :‬ا ‪/‬ة  ‪ {0‬ا ‪B‬ي ‪ V%A‬ا ‪"o8J‬‬
‫‪ " R"0‬و ‪ 0 V‬روى أ ‪ e%
A )D !"C8‬وا ‪A‬دو‪ e 
)D L8‬وا ‪J‬آ ‪
A )D‬رآ‪ -  =   JA o8= A L‬و‪]Cd LD‬‬
‫ ‪ #‬ز‪  8‬أ@" ‪ #‬أ‪ #  # # L‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@"  "‪ L‬أو ‪ . eJ‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪J‬آ ^‪ KJ‬ا‪%@U‬د و  ‪eGg8‬‬‫و‪ 0‬روي ‪ # eJ‬أ{  ‪ #DA Z A‬وا‪ W‬أ‪ "#‬و‪0‬ل ا أ) = =‪ %Q‬أ) =‪ B# %Q‬ا‪  JA  W‬ا
‪%‬ي =‪%Q‬‬
‫إ@‪J‬ق  إدر‪ {8‬أ‪ )BO‬إاه  ‪ JA  CG‬د  @" ‪ .‬ا‪M‬ري أ‪ JA  CG )BO‬د ‪ R% ."8 LG #‬أ@"‬
‫‪ R"^ : R 0‬ا ‪ 5Y‬أو ا ‪= )% 6
A )D C‬ر‪ 6
A %"B@D .Q‬إ‪"8‬ء ‪G Q 6@ %"D‬ء ‪ Bg8 A‬أن ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ 0‬ا@‪ ;B‬ا ‪ RB‬ا ‪J‬ام ‪JD‬ل ا ‪
%‬ء ‪VA‬ن ا ‪G‬ل وا ‪G‬ل ‪VA‬ن ا ‪
%‬ء ‪ %"D‬ا
‪ 6‬ا ‪ 0B‬و‪J‬‬
‫‪"B
A‬ن ا ‪ RB‬ا ‪J‬ام ‪0‬ل إاه ‪ )%QJD‬ر‪G‬ل ‪= )% A‬ر‪ .Q‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" = "‪ L/‬ذ ‪0 Z‬ل " أو ‪Z‬‬
‫‪0 .‬م ‪%An‬ا  ‪ "(/‬ه‪-‬ا =‪ A (8r o8‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪LG‬‬
‫ن‬
‫"َةَ َو ِ‪َ  A‬ر َز‪ُ َ%ْ0‬هْ ‪َ ُِ %ْ ُ8‬‬
‫ن ا ‬
‫َو ُ‪َ ُ ِ8‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ا ‪B#‬س و‪ 8‬ن ا ‪T‬ة أي ‪ 8‬ن ا ‪T‬ة و‪ 5d‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪Ja‬ك ‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س إ‪ .A0‬ا ‪T‬ة إ م ا آع وا
‪6‬د‬
‫وا ‪T‬وة وا ‪`g‬ع وا‪B0U‬ل ‪ 5D 5"#‬و‪0‬ل ‪0‬دة إ‪ .A0‬ا ‪T‬ة ا ‪A !"# .YDJ‬ا‪ 50‬وو‪ 5<d‬ورآ‪ 5#‬و@‪6‬ده ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل‬
‫‪=  ;A‬ن ‪ :‬إ‪ 5A0‬ا ‪A !"# .YDJ‬ا‪ 50‬وإ@‪B‬غ ا ‪5h‬ر ‪ 5‬و م رآ‪ 5#‬و@‪6‬ده و‪T‬وة ا ‪n‬ن ‪ 5D‬وا `‪5‬‬
‫وا ‪T‬ة ‪ !"#‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪-5D‬ا إ‪ . 5A0‬و‪0‬ل ‪  )"#‬أ) ‪ .J"m‬و‪ # er‬ا ‪B#‬س " و‪  A‬رز‪%0‬ه ‪%8‬ن‬
‫" ‪0‬ل زآة أ‪A‬ا ‪ 5‬و‪0‬ل ا 
ي ‪ #‬أ) ‪ Z A‬و‪ #‬أ) ^ ‪ # K‬ا ‪B#‬س و‪A #‬ة ‪ #‬ا ‪C
A‬د و‪ #‬أس ‪ A‬أ^‪J‬ب‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " و‪  A‬رز‪%0‬ه ‪%8‬ن " ‪0‬ل ‪ .‬ا ‪ !"# ;G‬أه"‪ L‬وه‪-‬ا ‪ ;B0‬أن ‪2%‬ل ا ‪2‬آة و‪0‬ل ‪# B8G‬‬
‫ا ‪Ja‬ك ‪ :‬آ‪ R‬ا ‪%‬ت ‪8 0‬ن ‪ 5‬إ ! ا‪0 !"# W‬ر ‪ 5 
A‬و‪5G‬ه =! ‪D R 2‬ا<‰ ا ‪0‬ت @‪8n IB‬ت ‪@ )D‬رة‬
‫اءة ‪-8  A‬آ ‪ 5D‬ا ‪0‬ت ه ا ‪g@%‬ت ا ‪B‬ت و‪0‬ل ‪0‬دة " و‪  A‬رز‪%0‬ه ‪%8‬ن " ‪?D‬ا ‪  A‬أ‪h#‬آ ا‪ W‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪AM‬ال‬
‫‪#‬ار وودا<‪%# I‬ك ‪ 8‬ا ‪n‬دم ‪ ZX8‬أن ر‪ . 50‬وا‪O‬ر ا ‪ 8G‬أن ا‪ )D .A# .8x‬ا ‪2‬آة وا ‪%‬ت ‪0 LfD‬ل وأو ! ا ?و‪T8‬ت‬
‫وأ=‪ . 5‬ا م أن ‪V8‬ا ‪ I 6‬ا ‪T‬زم ‪ )D 5‬أ‪A‬ا ‪EA 5‬د‪ - 8‬زآة آ‪ R‬ذ ‪ Z‬أو ‪ A L LA2 A .‬أه; أو ‪#‬ل‬
‫و‪r‬ه ‪  L 5"# (68  A‬ا‪ .‬وا "‪ Z‬و‪ r‬ذ ‪M Z‬ن ا‪ # ! C W‬و^‪ 5‬و‪ Z - 5=A‬وآ; ‪ A‬ا‪U‬ق وا ‪2‬آة‬
‫‪ A‬وح ‪ JA L‬د ‪ " R"0 " L"#‬آا ‪8 A‬ن ا‪  ! C W‬ا ‪T‬ة وا‪U‬ق ‪ A‬ا‪AM‬ال ‪fD‬ن ا ‪T‬ة =‪ c‬ا‪ W‬و‪B#‬د‪ L‬وه)‬
‫‪ e= !"# ." `A‬وا ‪%‬ء ‪ L"#‬و ‪ e6‬وا[‪5‬ل إ ‪ L‬ود‪ L<#‬وا آ; ‪ L"#‬وا‪U‬ق ه ‪ A‬ا‪
=U‬ن إ ! ا ‪I%  0"g‬‬
‫ا ‪C‬ي إ ‪ 5‬وأو ! ا ‪%‬س ‪ Z -‬ا ات وا‪M‬ه"ن وا  ‪ Q Z‬ا‪ A ;VD (GM‬ا ‪%‬ت ا ا‪ .BG‬وا ‪2‬آة ا و‪ .d‬دا‪)D ;O‬‬
‫‪ " ! C L 0‬و‪  A‬رز‪%0‬ه ‪%8‬ن " و ‪-5‬ا ‪ )D RBQ‬ا ‪ # JJ‬ا ‪  #‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪ 5%# W‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪0‬ل " ‪ )%‬ا‪T@U‬م ‪5X : { O !"#‬دة أن [ إ ‪ L‬إ[ ا‪ W‬وأن ‪ JA‬ا ر@ل ا‪ W‬وإ‪0‬م ا ‪T‬ة وإ‪8‬ء ا ‪2‬آة و^م ر‪aA‬ن‬
‫و=Œ ا ‪ " RB‬وا‪=M‬د‪ )D o8‬ه‪-‬ا آة وأ^; ا ‪T‬ة ‪ )D‬آ‪T‬م ا ‪C‬ب ا ‪#‬ء ‪0 .‬ل ا‪= 5 : !`#M‬رس [ ‪B8‬ح ا ه ‪ 5‬وإن‬
‫ذ‪ 5"# !"^ RJ‬وز‪ A2A‬و‪0‬ل أ‪ : a8‬و‪ 5"0‬ا ‪ )D K8‬د‪ 5‬و^"! ‪ !"#‬د‪ 5‬وار 
أ`ه  ا ‪5`
A 8G‬ا ‪ !"#‬ذ ‪Z‬‬
‫و‪0‬ل ا‪ Ox‬وه ا‪ !`#M‬أ‪ : a8‬ل ‪ )%‬و‪ 8 TJA R0 0‬رب ‪ (%G‬أ) ا‪M‬و^ب وا ‪ ;A Z"# CG‬ا ‪-‬ي ^"‪R‬‬
‫‪fD A )a rD‬ن ‪ (%6‬ا ء ‪8 C6haA‬ل ‪ A Z"#‬ا ‪#‬ء ‪ ;A‬ا ‪-‬ي د‪ . ) L#‬وه‪-‬ا ‘ه ‪ Q‬ا@‪ R" C‬ا ‪T‬ة ‪)D‬‬
‫ا `ع ‪ )D‬ذات ا آع وا
‪6‬د وا‪CDM‬ل ا ‪ )D .^g‬ا‪M‬و‪0‬ت ا ‪` .^g‬و‪ 5m‬ا ‪C‬و‪ .D‬و^‪ 5‬وأا‪5#‬‬
‫ا `‪5‬رة ‪0 .‬ل ا ‪ 8G‬وأرى أن ا ‪T‬ة @ ‪T^ R‬ة ‪M‬ن ا ") ‪C8‬ض [@‪6%‬ح ‪Q A LB"m‬اب ا‪?
8 A IA L" C W‬ل‬
‫ر‪ LG= A L‬و‪ ;0‬ه) ‪ A .`A‬ا "‪ 8‬إذا ‪J‬آ ‪ )D‬ا ‪T‬ة ‪ %#‬ا آع وا
‪6‬د وه  ‪0#‬ن ‪ 8‬ان ‪ A‬ا ‪!= 5Y‬‬
‫‪%V8‬ن ‪ (6#‬ا ‪ (-‬و‪ ) @ L%A‬ا ") وه ا  ) " 
‪ .B"= )D c‬ا ‪ ;g‬و‪ . Y LD‬و‪ ;0‬ه) ‪ A .`A‬ا "! وه‬
‫‪23‬‬

‫ا ‪T‬ز‪)`" .A‬ء ‪T8 [ " ! C L 0 A‬ه " أي [ ‪ 5A2"8‬و‪8‬وم ‪ "5D‬إ[ ا‪ " !XM‬و‪ ." A .`A ;0‬ا ‪ )D .B`g‬ا ‪%‬ر‬
‫ م آ  أن ا ") ‪8‬م ‪T  LG#‬ة" إن ا ‪T‬ة ‪ # !5%‬ا ‪`J‬ء وا ‪ V%‬و ‪-‬آ ا‪ W‬أآ‪ " B‬وا‪ A 50X‬ا ‪#‬ء أ^‪K‬‬
‫‪ .‬وأ‪ 5X‬وا‪ W‬أ‪ . "#‬وأ‪ A‬ا ‪2‬آة ‪ )?
D‬ا ‪TV‬م ‪ LCdA )D 5"#‬إن ‪X‬ء ا‪! C W‬‬
‫ن‬
‫‪َ Z‬وِ ْ€‪ِ َ ِO‬ة ُهْ ‪َ ُ%ِ0ُ8‬‬
‫‪َ Z‬و‪ُ َA‬أْ ِ‪َ 2‬ل ِ‪َ "ِْB0َ ْA‬‬
‫وَا ‪ُ%Aِ ْE8ُ َ8ِ-‬نَ ِ َ ُأ ْ‪َ ِ2‬ل ِإ َ ْ َ‬
‫‪0‬ل ا ‪B#‬س وا ‪%AE8 8-‬ن   أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ Z‬و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل ‪ Z"B0 A‬أي ‪08‬ن   ‪ A L R G‬ا‪ W‬و‪G A‬ء ‪A Z"B0 A L‬‬
‫ا @" [ ‪08‬ن ‪ 5%‬و[ ‪J68‬ون ‪G A‬ءوه ‪ A L‬ر‪ 5‬و‪Ox‬ة ه ‪%08‬ن أي  ‪ oCB‬وا ‪ .A‬وا ‪ .%6‬وا ‪%‬ر‬
‫وا ‪
J‬ب وا ‪2‬ان وإ  @ ‪ R‬ا‪Ox‬ة ‪ C 5M‬ا  و‪ 0‬ا‪ ]"O‬ا  
ون ‪ )D‬ا ^‪ D‬ه‪ %‬ه; ه ا ^‪D‬ن   م‬
‫‪ " ! C L 0 A‬ا ‪%AE8 8-‬ن  ‪ (/‬و‪ 8‬ن ا ‪T‬ة و‪  A‬رز‪%0‬ه ‪%8‬ن " و‪ A‬ه ؟ ‪ .QTQ !"#‬أ‪0‬ال =‪V‬ه ا ‪8G‬‬
‫أ=ه أن ا ^‪ D‬أو[ ه ا ^‪D‬ن ‪ Q‬وه آ; ‪ %AEA AEA‬ا ‪C‬ب و‪ %AEA‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب و‪r‬ه ‪6A L 0‬ه وأ‬
‫ا ‪ . C‬وا ‪  I‬أ{ و‪0‬دة وا ) ه  وا= وه ‪ %AEA‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب و‪ !"#‬ه‪V 8-‬ن ا او ‪^ .m#‬ت ‪^ !"#‬ت آ ‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪ KB@ " ! C‬ا@ ر‪ Z‬ا‪ !"#M‬ا ‪-‬ي ‪
D c"O‬ى وا ‪-‬ي ‪0‬ر ‪5D‬ى وا ‪-‬ي أ‪O‬ج ا ‪r L"C6D !#‬ء أ=ى " وآ  ‪0‬ل‬
‫ا `‪ : #‬إ ! ا "‪ Z‬ا م وا ا ‪ 5‬م و ‪ o‬ا ‪ )D .BV‬ا ‪2‬د= ‪ ]hCD‬ا ت ‪ ‰C !"# 5aC‬وا ^ف وا= وا  ‪ o‬أن‬
‫ا ^‪ D‬أو[ ‪ %AEA‬ا ‪C‬ب وا ^‪D‬ن ‪ " L  Q‬وا ‪-‬ي ‪%AE8‬ن   أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ Z‬و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل ‪ Z"B0 A‬و‪Ox‬ة ه‬
‫‪%08‬ن" ‪ )%AE‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب "‪ L‬ا 
ي ‪ # e 
)D‬ا ‪B#‬س وا ‪C
A‬د وأس ‪ A‬ا ‪ .J‬وا‪O‬ر‪ e‬ا ‪ 8G‬ر= ‪L‬‬
‫ا‪ W‬و‪0  5`
8‬ل  ‪ " ! C L‬وإن ‪ A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب  ‪ W AE8‬و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ V‬و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ "W CXO 5‬ا‪ .8x‬و ‪L‬‬
‫‪ " ! C‬ا ‪%n 8-‬ه ا ‪V‬ب ‪ L"B0 A‬ه ‪%AE8 L‬ن وإذا ‪ 0 5"# !"8‬ا ‪ L %An‬إ‪ L‬ا ‪ A cJ‬ر‪ %‬إ آ‪ "
A L"B0 A %‬‬
‫أو ‪E8 Z‬ن أ‪G‬ه ‪B^   A‬وا و‪8‬رءون  ‪ .%
J‬ا 
‪ .‬و‪  A‬رز‪%0‬ه ‪%8‬ن" و  ‪ )D RBQ‬ا ‪o8= A JJ‬‬
‫ا `‪ # )BC‬أ) دة ‪ #‬أ) ‪ !@A‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل " ‪E8 .QTQ‬ن أ‪G‬ه ‪ A‬ر‪ A ;G‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب‬
‫‪ LB% An‬و‪ ) An‬ور‪" A ;G‬ك أدى =‪ c‬ا‪ W‬و=‪A c‬ا ‪ L‬ور‪ ;G‬أدب ‪G‬ر‪? 
=?D L8‬د‪ Q 5B8‬أ‪ 5#‬و‪2‬و‪ " 5G‬وأ‪ A‬ا‬
‫‪  D 8G‬ا@`‪0 A .J^ !"# 5‬ل إ[  ‪ .B@%‬وه) أن ا‪ W‬و^] ‪ )D‬أول ه‪ e-‬ا 
رة ا ‪ %AE‬وا ‪  VD 8DV‬أ‪]%^ L‬‬
‫ا ‪ 8DV‬إ ! ^‪ %‬آ‪ D‬و‪ Z -VD cD%A‬ا ‪%AE‬ن ^‪ 5%‬إ ! ^‪ )# %‬وآ) " ‪ "R"0‬وا ‪Y‬ه ‪0‬ل ‪6A‬ه ‪  D‬روا‪e‬‬
‫ا ري ‪ #‬ر‪6A # ;G‬ه وروا‪ r e‬وا= ‪ #‬ا أ) ‪6A # K6‬ه أ‪0 L‬ل ‪ :‬أر‪8n I‬ت ‪ A‬أول @رة ا ‪B‬ة ‪RC )D‬‬
‫ا ‪ %AE‬و‪8n‬ن ‪ RC )D‬ا ‪ 8DV‬و‪ )D `# .QTQ‬ا ‪ e-5D D%‬ا‪8x‬ت ا‪M‬ر‪A# I‬ت ‪ )D‬آ; ‪ AEA‬ا] ‪)# A 5‬‬
‫و‪ ) 6#‬وآ) ‪ A‬إ
) و‪ )%G‬و { ‪ K‬وا=ة ‪ A‬ه‪ e-‬ا ت ون ا‪OM‬ى ; آ; وا=ة ‪O’ .A2"
A‬ى و‪X‬ط ‪5CA‬‬
‫‪ K8 TD‬ا‪ 8U‬ن  ‪ (/‬وإ‪0‬م ا ‪T‬ة وا ‪2‬آة إ[ ‪ IA‬ا‪ 8U‬ن   ‪G‬ء ‪ L‬ا @ل ^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" و‪G A‬ء ‪A L"B0 A L‬‬
‫ا @; ^"ات ا‪ W‬و@‪ 5"# LAT‬أ‪ C G‬وا‪8U‬ن ‪Ox‬ة آ  أن ه‪-‬ا [ ‪ K8‬إ[ ‪-‬اك و‪ 0‬أ‪ A‬ا‪ W‬ا ‪ Z - %AE‬آ  ‪0‬ل " ‪8‬‬
‫أ‪ 58‬ا ‪%An 8-‬ا ‪%An‬ا ‪ W‬ور@ ‪ L‬وا ‪V‬ب ا ‪-‬ي ‪2‬ل ‪ !"#‬ر@ ‪ L‬وا ‪V‬ب ا ‪-‬ي أ‪2‬ل ‪ " ;B0 A‬ا‪ . .8x‬و‪0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬و[‬
‫‪6‬د ا أه; ا ‪V‬ب إ[  ) ه) أ= 
إ[ ا ‪ "‘ 8-‬ا ‪ 5%A‬و‪ 0‬ا ‪-  %An‬ي أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ %‬وأ‪2‬ل إ ‪ V‬وإ ‪ %5‬وإ ‪ V5‬وا= " ا‪.8x‬‬
‫‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ‪ 8 "! C‬أ‪ 58‬ا ‪ 8-‬أوا ا ‪V‬ب ‪%An‬ا   ‪ " VCA  0A % 2‬و‪0‬ل ‪ 8 ;0 " ! C‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب 
‪)X !"#‬ء =!‬
‫ ا ا راة وا‪ ;6U‬و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ A V‬ر‪ " V‬وأ‪ # ! C BO‬ا ‪ %AE‬آ"‪D Z - 5‬ل ‪ An " ! C‬ا @ل   أ‪2‬ل إ ‪L‬‬
‫‪ A‬ر‪ L‬وا ‪%AE‬ن آ; ‪ W An‬و‪ LV<TA‬وآ‪ LB‬ور@"‪ [ L‬ق  أ= ‪ A‬ر@"‪ " L‬و‪0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬وا ‪%An 8-‬ا ‪ W‬ور@"‪L‬‬
‫و  ‪08‬ا  أ= ‪ " 5%A‬إ ! ‪ r‬ذ ‪ A Z‬ا‪8x‬ت ا ا ‪ I G !"# .‬أ‪ A‬ا ‪ 8U %AE‬ن ‪ W‬ور@"‪ L‬وآ‪ )%AE V LB‬أه;‬
‫ا ‪V‬ب ‪ .^O‬وذ ‪ Z‬أ‪%AE8 5‬ن   ?‪fD TA 588‬ذا د‪"O‬ا ‪ )D‬ا‪T@U‬م و‪%An‬ا ‪ TA L‬آن ‪ !"# 5‬ذ ‪ Z‬ا‪A GM‬‬
‫وأ‪r A‬ه ‪ L ;J8  fD‬ا‪ 8U‬ن   م ‪ T 6A‬آ  ‪G‬ء ‪ )D‬ا ‪ " KJ‬إذا =‪ VQ‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب ‪-V TD‬ه و[ ‪0‬ه و ‪V‬‬
‫‪ 0‬ا ‪-  %An‬ي أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ %‬وأ‪2‬ل إ ‪ " V‬و ‪V8 0 V‬ن إ‪ 8‬ن آ ‪ A‬ا ‪C‬ب ‪T@U‬م ا ‪-‬ي ‪ !"^  JA L oC‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@"‬
‫أ وأآ ; وأ‪ #‬وأ‪ A ; X‬إ‪ 8‬ن ‪ A‬د‪ )D 5%A ;O‬ا‪T@U‬م ‪ 5D‬وإن =; ‪ 5‬أ‪G‬ان ‪ Z" A‬ا ‪/D .J‬ه ‪A L ;J8‬‬
‫‪ .‬ا ‪Q ]%8 A c8‬ا‪ !"# L‬ا‪ 8GM‬ا "‪ 5 T= 8-‬وا‪ W‬أ‪"#‬‬
‫‪ُ Z‬ه ُ ا ْ ُ ِْ"‪ُJ‬نَ‬
‫‪ُ !َ"َ# Z‬هًى ِ‪َ ْA‬ر ِ‪َ ْ5‬وأُوَ ِ َ‬
‫أُو َ ِ َ‬
‫‪8‬ل ا‪ ! C W‬أو ‪ Z‬أي ا ن   م ‪ A‬ا‪ 8U‬ن  ‪ (/‬وإ‪0‬م ا ‪T‬ة وا‪U‬ق ‪ A‬ا ‪-‬ي رز‪ 50‬ا‪ W‬وا‪ 8U‬ن   أ‪2‬ل ا‪W‬‬
‫إ ! ا @ل و‪ A L"B0 A‬ا @; وا‪8U‬ن  ار ا‪Ox‬ة وه ‪2"
A‬م ا[@‪C‬اد ‪ A 5‬ا‪ #M‬ل ا  ‪ .J‬وك ا ‪AJ‬ت ‪!"#‬‬
‫هى أي ‪ !"#‬ر ون وة ‪ A‬ا‪ ! C W‬وأو ‪ Z‬ه ا "‪J‬ن أي ‪ )D‬ا  وا‪Ox‬ة و‪0‬ل ‪   JA‬إ@‪J‬ق ‪  JA #‬‬
‫أ) ‪ .AV# #  JA‬أو @‪ # BG  C‬ا ‪B#‬س أو ‪ !"# Z‬هى ‪ A‬ر‪ 5‬أي ‪ !"#‬ر ‪ A‬ر‪ 5‬وا@‪A !"# .A‬‬
‫‪G‬ءه ‪ L‬وأو ‪ Z‬ه ا "‪J‬ن أي ا ‪ 8-‬أدرآا ‪B"m A‬ا و‪6‬ا ‪ L%A A X A‬ها و‪0‬ل ا ‪ 8G‬وأ‪! C L 0 !%CA A‬‬
‫أو ‪ !"# Z‬هى ‪ A‬ر‪fD 5‬ن ‪ !%CA‬ذ ‪ !"# 5fD Z‬ر ‪ A‬ر‪ 5‬وهن وا@‪ .A‬و@اد  
‪ e8‬إ‪8‬ه و‪ 5 LD‬و?و‪;8‬‬
‫‪ " ! C L 0‬وأو ‪ Z‬ه ا "‪J‬ن أي ا ‪J6%‬ن ا رآن ‪B"m A‬ا ‪ %#‬ا‪ 5  #? W‬وإ‪ W 5 8‬وآ‪ LB‬ور@"‪ A L‬ا ز‬
‫ اب وا ‪"g‬د ‪ )D‬ا ‪%6‬ت وا ‪6%‬ة ‪  A‬أ‪ #‬ا‪#M W‬ا<‪ A L‬ا ‪C‬ب ‪ .‬و‪ !V= 0‬ا ‪ 5aC # [0 8G‬أ‪ L‬أ‪#‬د ا@ ا‪XU‬رة‬
‫‪24‬‬

‫ن‬%AE8 8- ‫ ! " وا‬C L  D^ ‫ب ا‬V ‫) أه; ا‬%AEA ! ‫ن إ‬J" ‫ ه ا‬Z ‫ وأو‬5‫ ر‬A ‫"! هى‬# Z ‫ ! أو‬C L 0 )D
.8x‫ " ا‬Z ‫ل إ‬2‫ن   أ‬%AE8 8- ‫ " وا‬: ! C L 0 ‫ن‬V8 ‫ز أن‬6D ‫ا‬-‫"! ه‬#‫ و‬.‫ف‬Tg ‫ ا‬A ‫ م‬A !"# .8x‫ " ا‬Z ‫ل إ‬2‫  أ‬
‫ن‬V8 ‫ وأن‬L"B0  A Ch%A " Z ‫ل إ‬2‫ن   أ‬%AE8 8- ‫ ! " وا‬C L 0 ‫ن‬V8 ‫ز أن‬6D ‫ا‬-‫"! ه‬#‫ و‬. ‫ف‬Tg ‫ ا‬A ‫ م‬A !"# 
‫ب‬V ‫ب وأه; ا‬C ‫) ا‬%AEA A e‫ م ذآ‬A I G ! ‫< إ‬# L‫ر أ‬O‫ن وا‬J" ‫ ه ا‬Z ‫ أو‬eBO‫"! ا[اء و‬# #DA
W‫ب ر@ل ا‬J^‫ أ‬A ‫ أس‬#‫د و‬C
A ‫ ا‬# )‫ ا‬5 ‫ة ا‬A #‫س و‬B# ‫ ا‬# K ^ )‫ أ‬#‫ و‬Z A )‫ أ‬# ‫ ا 
ي‬e‫روا‬ 
‫ ه‬Z"B0 A ‫ل‬2‫ أ‬A‫ و‬Z ‫ل إ‬2‫ن   أ‬%AE8 8- ‫ب وا‬C ‫ ا‬A ‫ن‬%AE ‫ ا‬5D (/  ‫ن‬%AE8 8- ‫ ا‬A‫ و@" أ‬L"# W‫^"! ا‬
‫ أن‬KG ‫ ا‬A ‫ م‬0‫ن " و‬J" ‫ ه ا‬Z ‫ وأو‬5‫ ر‬A ‫"! هى‬# Z ‫ل " أو‬D 8 ‫ ا‬I G Q . ‫ب‬V ‫ أه; ا‬A ‫ن‬%AE ‫ا‬
W‫ ا‬5 =‫دة ر‬0‫  أ{ و‬I ‫ وا‬. C ‫ه وأ) ا‬6A # ; 0‫ و‬. "#‫ أ‬W‫ وا‬5"# ‫<ة‬# ‫رة‬XU‫ وا‬.A# %AE " .^ Z ‫ذ‬
‫ة‬/ ‫  ا‬W‫ ا‬B# )%Q= .C5 ‫ ا‬%Q= )‫ أ‬%Q= ‫ ا ي‬K ^  ‫ ن‬#  !J8 %Q= )‫ أ‬%Q= : = )‫ل ا أ‬0‫و‬
‫ إ أ‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 L ;0‫ و@" و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ ا‬# ‫ و‬#  W‫ ا‬B# # W‫ ا‬B#  ‫ @" ن‬L @‫ وا‬5 ‫ أ) ا‬#
‫ ر@ل‬8 !" ‫ ا‬0 " ‫ر‬% ‫ وأه; ا‬.%6 ‫ أه; ا‬# ‫آ‬BO‫ أ‬TD‫ل " أ‬0 : ‫ل‬0  ‫د أن ?س أو آ‬V%D ‫ن‬n ‫ ا‬A ‫ وأ‬G%D ‫ن‬n ‫ ا‬A
‫[ء‬E‫ن ه‬V ‫ أن‬G ‫ ا إ‬0 ".%6 ‫[ء أه; ا‬E‫ن ه‬J" ‫ ا‬- ! C L 0 ! ‫ إ‬-  " ‫ هى‬LD (8‫ب [ ر‬V ‫ ا‬Z ‫ل ا  ذ‬0 . W‫ا‬
;G‫ " أ‬: ‫ل‬0 . W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 ‫ ه‬%
‫ ا‬0 " ‫ر‬% ‫[ء أه; ا‬E‫ " ه‬Y# - L 0 ! ‫ إ‬- 5"# ‫ آوا @اء‬8- ‫ل " إن ا‬0 Q " .
The Book, is the Qur'an, and Rayb means doubt. As-Suddi said that Abu Malik and Abu Salih
narrated from Ibn `Abbas, and Murrah Al-Hamadani narrated from Ibn Mas`ud and several
other Companions of the Messenger of Allah that, 
ِLِD (
َ 8ْ َ‫ َ[ ر‬
(In which there is no Rayb), means about which there is no doubt. Abu Ad-Darda', Ibn
`Abbas, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Malik, Nafi` `Ata', Abu Al-`Aliyah, Ar-Rabi` bin
Anas, Muqatil bin Hayyan, As-Suddi, Qatadah and Isma`il bin Abi Khalid said similarly. In
addition, Ibn Abi Hatim said, "I do not know of any disagreement over this explanation.'' The
meaning of this is that the Book, the Qur'an, is without a doubt revealed from Allah.
Similarly, Allah said in Surat As- Sajdah, 
ِ ُ "ْ  ‫ ُهًى‬Lِ ِD (
َ 8ْ ‫ب َ[ َر‬
ُ َVِ ْ ‫َ ا‬Z ِ‫ َذ‬-  ‫(  ا‬Alif Lam Mim). The revelation of the Book (this Qur'an) in
which there is no doubt, is from the Lord of all that exists) (32:1-2).
Some scholars stated that this Ayah - 2:2 - contains a prohibition meaning, "Do not doubt the
Qur'an.'' Furthermore, some of the reciters of the Qur'an pause upon reading, 
(ْ8‫(  َ[ َر‬there is no doubt) and they then continue; 
ِ ُ "ْ  ‫ ُهًى‬Lِ ِD (in which there is guidance for the Muttaqin (the pious and righteous persons)).
However, it is better to pause at, 
LِD (
َ 8ْ َ‫(  َ[ ر‬in which there is no doubt) because in this case, 
‫(  ُهًى‬guidance) becomes an attribute of the Qur'an and carries a better meaning than, 
‫ ُهًى‬Lِ ِD (in which there is guidance).
Hidayah - correct guidance - is only granted to those who have Taqwa - fear of Allah. Allah
said, 
ٍِCَ ‫ن‬
ٍ َVA ِA ‫ن‬
َ ْ‫َ َدو‬%8ُ Z
َ ِ ‫ ً! ُأوْ َـ‬#
َ ْ5ِ ْ َ"#
َ َ ‫ٌ َو ُه‬0ْ ‫ْ َو‬5ِ ِ ‫ِ! ءَاذَا‬D ‫ن‬
َ ُ%Aِ ْE8ُ [َ 
َ 8ِ- ‫َ€ءٌ وَا‬X
ِ ‫ُاْ ُهًى َو‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ-" ِ َ ‫ُ;ْ ُه‬0
(Say: It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there
25

is heaviness (deafness) in their ears, and it (the Qur'an) is blindness for them. They are those
who are called from a place far away (so they neither listen nor understand)) (41:44), and, 
‫َ
َرًا‬O [ ‫ َإ‬
َ ِ "ِ‫ـ‬Y ‫ُ ا‬8ِ2َ8 [َ ‫ َو‬
َ ِ%Aِ ْE ُ "ْ  .ٌ َ =
ْ ‫َ€ءٌ َو َر‬X
ِ َ ‫َ ُه‬A ‫ن‬
ِ ‫ ا ْ ُْءَا‬
َ Aِ ‫ ُل‬2 %َ ُ‫(  َو‬And We send down of the Qur'an
that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism and act on
it), and it increases the Zalimin (wrongdoers) in nothing but loss) (17:82).
This is a sample of the numerous Ayat indicating that the believers, in particular, benefit from
the Qur'an. That is because the Qur'an is itself a form of guidance, but the guidance in it is
only granted to the righteous, just as Allah said, 

َ ِ%Aِ ْE ُ "ْ  ٌ. َ =
ْ ‫ُو ِر َو ُهًى َو َر‬
‚ ‫ِ! ا‬D َ  ٌ‫َ€ء‬X
ِ ‫ْ َو‬Vُ  ‫ ر‬A ٌ.Y
َ#
ِ ْA ْVُ ْ َ‫َ€ء‬G ْ0َ ‫س‬
ُ % ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ8َ 
(O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i. e. the Qur'an, enjoining
all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance,
doubt, hypocrisy and differences) which is in your breasts, ‫ ـ‬a guidance and a mercy
(explaining lawful and unlawful things) for the believers) (10:57).
Ibn `Abbas and Ibn Mas`ud and other Companions of the Messenger of Allah said, 
ِ ُ "ْ  ‫(  ُهًى‬guidance for the Muttaqin (the pious and righteous persons), means, a light for
those who have Taqwa.
Ibn `Abbas said about, 
َِ ُ "ْ  ‫ ُهًى‬
(guidance for the Muttaqin) that it means, "They are the believers who avoid Shirk with Allah
and who work in His obedience.'' Ibn `Abbas also said that Al-Muttaqin means, "Those who
fear Allah's punishment, which would result if they abandoned the true guidance that they
recognize and know. They also hope in Allah's mercy by believing in what He revealed.''
Further, Qatadah said that, 
ِ ُ "ْ   (Al-Muttaqin), are those whom Allah has described in His statement; 
َ‫ن ا "ة‬
َ ُ ِ8ُ ‫( َو‬
ِ ْ /َ ْ ِ َ‫ُن‬%Aِ ْEُ8 
َ 8ِ- ‫ا‬
(Who believe in the Ghayb and perform the Salah) (2:3), and the following Ayat. Ibn Jarir
stated that the Ayah (2:2) includes all of these meanings that the scholars have mentioned, and
this is the correct view. Also, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah narrated that `Atiyah As-Sa`di said
that the Messenger of Allah said,
َ Lِ ِ ‫س‬
َ ?ْ َ َ َA َ‫َ َع‬8 !=
َ 
َ ِ ُ ْ ‫َ ا‬Aِ ‫ن‬
َ ُV8َ ْ‫ َُأن‬Bْ Cَ ْ ‫"ُ ُˆ ا‬Bْ 8َ َ » (The servant will not acquire the
«‫ َ?ْس‬Lِ ِ  Aِ ‫رًا‬-َ =
status of the Muttaqin until he abandons what is harmless out of fear of falling into that which
is harmful.) At-Tirmidhi then said "Hasan Gharib.''
Huda here means the faith that resides in the heart, and only Allah is able to create it in the
heart of the servants. Allah said, 
RْBBَ =
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ‫ِى‬5ْ َ [َ Z
َ ‫( ِإ‬Verily, you (O Muhammad ) guide not whom you like) (28:56),
26 

ُ‫ ُهَاه‬Z
َ ْ"َ#
َ {
َ ْ   (Not upon you (Muhammad ) is their guidance) (2:272), 
Lَ َ‫َ هَ ِدي‬TDَ Lُ " ‫ِ" ِ; ا‬a
ْ ُ8 َA (Whomsoever Allah sends astray, none can guide him) (7:186), and, 
‫ًا‬X
ِ ْA‚ Š ِ‫ َو‬Lُ َ َ6
ِ َ َ"َD ْ;"ِْa8ُ َA‫ َ ِ َو‬5ْ ُ ْ ‫ َ ا‬5ُ َD Lُ " ‫ ِ ا‬5ْ 8َ َA
(He whom Allah guides, he is the rightly guided; but he whom He sends astray, for him you
will find no Wali (guiding friend) to lead him (to the right path)) (18:17).
Huda also means to explain the truth, give direction and lead to it. Allah, the Exalted, said, 
َِ

ْ A‚ ‫ط‬
ٍ َ ^
ِ !َ ‫ِى ِإ‬5ْ َ َ Z
َ  ‫(  َوِإ‬And verily, you (O Muhammad ) are indeed guiding (mankind) to
the straight path (i.e. Allah's religion of Islamic Monotheism)) (42: 52), 
‫َْ ٍم هَد‬0 ; Vُ ِ‫رٌ َو‬-ِ %ُA R
َ َ‫( ِإ َ€ أ‬You are only a warner, and to every people there is a guide) (13:7),
and, 
‫َى‬5ُ ْ ‫َ"َ! ا‬# !َ Cَ ْ ‫‚اْ ا‬BJ
َ َ @
ْ َD ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%8ْ َ5َ Dَ ُ‫ ُد‬Qَ A‫ َوَأ‬
(And as for Thamud, We showed and made clear to them the path of truth (Islamic
Monotheism) through Our Messenger (i.e. showed them the way of success), but they
preferred blindness to guidance) (41:17).
testifying to this meaning.
Also, Allah said, 
8َ6
ْ % ‫ ا‬Lُ ‫َـ‬%ْ8َ ‫(  وَ َه‬And shown him the two ways (good and evil).) (90:10)
This is the view of the scholars who said that the two ways refer to the paths of righteousness
and evil, which is also the correct explanation. And Allah knows best.
The root meaning of Taqwa is to avoid what one dislikes. It was reported that `Umar bin AlKhattab asked Ubayy bin Ka`b about Taqwa. Ubayy said, "Have you ever walked on a path
that has thorns on it'' `Umar said, "Yes.'' Ubayy said, "What did you do then'' He said, "I
rolled up my sleeves and struggled.'' Ubayy said, "That is Taqwa.''
Abu Ja`far Ar-Razi said that Al-`Ala' bin Al-Musayyib bin Rafi` narrated from Abu Ishaq
that Abu Al-Ahwas said that `Abdullah said, "Iman is to trust.''. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported
that Ibn `Abbas said, 
َ‫ُن‬%Aِ ْE8ُ 
(who have faith) means they trust. Also, Ma`mar said that Az-Zuhri said, "Iman is the deeds.''
In addition, Abu Ja`far Ar-Razi said that Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said that, `They have faith',
means, they fear (Allah).
Ibn Jarir (At-Tabari) commented, "The prefered view is that they be described as having faith
in the Unseen by the tongue, deed and creed. In this case, fear of Allah is included in the
general meaning of Iman, which necessitates following deeds of the tongue by implementation.
27

Hence, Iman is a general term that includes affirming and believing in Allah, His Books and
His Messengers, and realizing this affirmation through adhering to the implications of what
the tongue utters and affirms.''
Linguistically, in the absolute sense, Iman merely means trust, and it is used to mean that
sometimes in the Qur'an, for instance, Allah the Exalted said, 
ِ%Aِ ْE ُ "ْ ِ 
ُ Aِ ْE8ُ ‫ َو‬Lِ " ِ 
ُ Aِ ْE8ُ  (He trusts (yu'minu) in Allah, and trusts (yu'minu) in the believers.) (9:
61)
Prophet Yusuf's brothers said to their father, 
ِ0ِ ‫ ^َـ‬%‫َ وََ ْ ُآ‬% 
ٍ Aِ ْE ُ ِ R
َ َ‫َ€ أ‬A‫(  َو‬But you will never believe us even when we speak the truth)
(12:17).
Further, the word Iman is sometimes mentioned along with deeds, such as Allah said, 
R‫َـ‬J"ِ‫ ِ "ُاْ ا ـ‬#
َ ‫ُاْ َو‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫( إِ [ ا‬Save those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous
deeds) (95:6).
However, when Iman is used in an unrestricted manner, it includes beliefs, deeds, and
statements of the tongue.We should state here that Iman increases and decreases.
There are many narrations and Hadiths on this subject, and we discussed them in the
beginning of our explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari, all favors are from Allah. Some scholars
explained that Iman means Khashyah (fear of Allah). For instance, Allah said; 
(ْ/َ ْ ِ ُ5‫ن َر‬
َ ْ`
َ g
ْ 8َ َ8ِ- ‫ن ا‬
 ‫( ِإ‬Verily, those who fear their Lord unseen (i.e. they do not see Him, nor
His punishment in the Hereafter)) (67:12), and, 
(
ٍ ِ%A‚ (
ٍ ْ"َ ِ ‫َ€ َء‬G‫( َو‬
ِ ْ/َ ْ ِ 
َ ‫`!َ ا =ْ َـ‬
ِ O
َ ْA 
(Who feared the Most Gracious (Allah) in the Ghayb (unseen) and brought a heart turned in
repentance (to Him and absolutely free from every kind of polytheism)) (50: 33).
Fear is the core of Iman and knowledge, just as Allah the Exalted said, 
‫َُ" َء‬C ْ ‫ ا‬eِ ‫َ ِد‬B#
ِ ْAِ Lَ " ‫ْ`َ! ا‬g8َ َ  ‫( ِإ‬It is only those who have knowledge among His servants that fear
Allah) (35:28).
As for the meaning of Ghayb here, the Salaf have different explanations of it, all of which are
correct, indicating the same general meaning. For instance, Abu Ja`far Ar-Razi quoted ArRabi` bin Anas, reporting from Abu Al-`Aliyah about Allah's statement, i 
ِ(ْ َ/ ْ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ُ%Aِ ْE8ُ 
((Those who) have faith in the Ghayb), "They believe in Allah, His angels, Books, Messengers,
the Last Day, His Paradise, Fire and in the meeting with Him. They also believe in life after
death and in Resurrection. All of this is the Ghayb.'' Qatadah bin Di`amah said similarly.

28

Sa`id bin Mansur reported from `Abdur-Rahman bin Yazid who said, "We were sitting with
`Abdullah bin Mas`ud when we mentioned the Companions of the Prophet and their deeds
being superior to our deeds. `Abdullah said, `The matter of Muhammad was clear for those
who saw him. By He other than Whom there is no God, no person will ever acquire a better
type of faith than believing in Al-Ghayb.' He then recited, 
(ْ/َ ْ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ُ%Aِ Eْ ُ8 
َ 8ِ- ‫ِ ُهًى "ْ ُ َِ ا‬LِD (
َ 8ْ ‫ب َ[ َر‬
ُ َVِ ْ ‫َ ا‬Z ِ‫ َذ‬-  ‫( ا‬Alif Lam Mim. This is the Book, wherein
there is no doubt, a guidance for the Muttaqin. Those who believe in the Ghayb), until, 
‫ُن‬Jِ"ْ ُ ْ ‫( ا‬the successful). '' Ibn Abi Hatim, Ibn Marduwyah and Al-Hakim, in his Mustadrak,
recorded this Hadith. Al-Hakim commented that this Hadith is authentic and that the Two
Shaykhs - Al-Bukhari and Muslim - did not collect it, although it meets their criteria.
Ahmad recorded a Hadith with similar meaning from Ibn Muhayriz who said: I said to Abu
Jumu`ah, "Narrate a Hadith for us that you heard from the Messenger of Allah.'' He said,
"Yes. I will narrate a good Hadith for you. Once we had lunch with the Messenger of Allah .
Abu `Ubaydah, who was with us, said, `O Messenger of Allah! Are people better than us We
embraced Islam with you and performed Jihad with you.' He said,
«)ِْ‫َو‬8َ ْ َ‫ُنَ ِ) َو‬%Aِ ْE8ُ ْ‫ ِ ُآ‬Cْ َ ْAِ ٌ‫َْم‬0 ْCَ َ » (Yes, those who will come after you, who will believe in me
although they did not see me.)''
This Hadith has another route collected by Abu Bakr bin Marduwyah in his Tafsir, from Salih
bin Jubayr who said: `Abu Jumu`ah Al-Ansari, the Companion of the Messenger of Allah ,
came to Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem) to perform the prayer. Raja' bin Haywah was with us, so
when Abu Jumu`ah finished, we went out to greet him. When he was about to leave, he said,
"You have a gift and a right. I will narrate a Hadith for you that I heard from the Messenger
of Allah. '' We said, "Do so, and may Allah grant you mercy.'' He said, "We were with the
Messenger of Allah, ten people including Mu`adh bin Jabal. We said, "O Messenger of Allah!
Are there people who will acquire greater rewards than us We believed in Allah and followed
you.' He said,
Lِ َ‫ُن‬%Aِ ْE8ُ ِْ =
َ َْ 
ِ ْ َ ْAِ ٌ‫ْ ِآَب‬5ِ ِ?ْ 8َ ْ‫ َ ُآ‬Cْ َ ٌ‫ْم‬0َ ْ;َ ،ِ‫
َء‬
 ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ )
ِ=
ْ َ ْ ِ ْVُ ِْ?8َ ْ‫ ِ ُآ‬5ُ ْ‘‫ َأ‬
َ ْ َ W
ِ ‫ َورَ@ُ ُل ا‬Z
َ َِ‫ْ ذ‬Aِ ْVُ Cُ %َ ْ 8َ َA»
«َْ  Aَ ‫ًا‬G
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Vُ %ْ Aِ ُY
َ#
ْ ‫ َأ‬Z
َ ِ ‫ أُو‬،ِLِD َ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ُ" َ Cْ 8َ ‫َو‬
(What prevents you from doing so, while the Messenger of Allah is among you, bringing you
the revelation from heaven There are people who will come after you and who will be given a
book between two covers (the Qur'an), and they will believe in it and implement its
commands. They have a greater reward than you, even twice as much.)'' 
‫ ُِن‬%ُ8 ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%ْ0‫  َر َز‬Aِ ‫ُِ ُنَ ا "ةَ َو‬8‫(  َو‬And perform Salah, and spend out of what we have provided
for them)
Ibn `Abbas said that, ‫ن ا "ة‬
َ ُ ِ8ُ َ‫و‬
(And perform the Salah), means, "Perform the prayer with all of the obligations that
accompany it.'' Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn `Abbas said, "Iqamat As-Salah means to complete
the bowings, prostrations, recitation, humbleness and attendance for the prayer.'' Qatadah
said, "Iqamat As-Salah means to preserve punctuality, and the ablution, bowings, and
prostrations of the prayer.'' Muqatil bin Hayyan said Iqamat As-Salah means "To preserve
29

punctuality for it, as well as completing ones purity for it, and completing the bowings,
prostrations, recitation of the Qur'an, Tashahhud and blessings for the Prophet . This is
Iqamat As-Salah.''
`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, 
‫ ُِن‬%ُ8 ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%ْ0‫  رَ َز‬Aِ ‫(  َو‬And spend out of what We have provided for them) means, "The Zakah
due on their wealth.'' As-Suddi said that Abu Malik and Abu Salih narrated from Ibn `Abbas,
as well as Murrah from Ibn Mas`ud and other Companions of the Messenger of Allah , that, 
َ‫ُِن‬%ُ8 ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%0ْ ‫  رَ َز‬Aِ ‫ َو‬
(And spend out of what We have provided for them) means, "A man's spending on his family.
This was before the obligation of Zakah was revealed.'' Juwaybir narrated from Ad-Dahhak,
"General spending (in charity) was a means of drawing nearer to Allah, according to one's
discretion and capability. Until the obligation of charity was revealed in the seven Ayat of
Surat Bara'ah (chapter 9), were revealed. These abrogated the previous case.''
In many instances, Allah mentioned prayer and spending wealth together. Prayer is a right of
Allah as well as a form of worshipping Him. It includes singling Him out for one's devotion,
praising Him, glorifying Him, supplicating to Him, invoking Him, and it displays one's
dependence upon Him. Spending is form of kindness towards creatures by giving them what
will benefit them, and those people most deserving of this charity are the relatives, the wife,
the servants and then the rest of the people. So all types of required charity and required
spending are included in Allah's saying, 
‫ ُِن‬%ُ8 ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%ْ0‫  رَ َز‬Aِ ‫(  َو‬And spend out of what we have provided for them). The Two Sahihs
recorded that Ibn `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,
Œَ=‫ َو‬،َ‫َن‬aAَ ‫^ْ ِم َر‬
َ َ‫ و‬،ِ‫آَة‬2 ‫َ ِء ا‬8ِ‫ َوإ‬،ِ‫"َة‬
 ‫َمِ ا‬0‫ َوِإ‬،ِW‫  ًا َر@ُ ُل ا‬J
َ Aُ ‫ن‬
 َ‫ َوأ‬W
ُ ‫ ِإ  ا‬Lَ ِ‫َ َدةِ َأنْ َ إ‬5X
َ :{
ٍ ْ O
َ !َ"َ# ُ‫@"َم‬
ْ fِ ْ ‫) ا‬
َ %ِ ُ »
«RْBَ ْ ‫ا‬
(Islam is built upon five (pillars): Testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except
Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establishing the prayer, giving Zakah,
fasting Ramadan and Hajj to the House.)
There are many other Hadiths on this subject.
In the Arabic language, the basic meaing of Salah is supplication. In religious terminology,
Salah is used to refer to the acts of bowing and prostration, the remaining specified acts
associated with it, specificed at certain times, with those known conditions, and the
characteristics, and requirements that are well-known about it. 
4)  َ‫ُن‬%ِ0ُ8 ْ‫ َ ِة ُه‬O
ِ ْMِ‫ َو‬Z
َ "ِBْ َ0 ِA ‫ َل‬2ِ ُ‫َ€ أ‬A‫ َو‬Z
َ ْ َ‫ِ َل ِإ‬2ُ‫ُنَ ِ َ€ أ‬%ِAْE8ُ 
َ 8ِ- ‫وَا‬. And who have faith in what is
revealed to you and in what was revealed before you, and in the Hereafter they are certain.)
Ibn `Abbas said that, 
َZِ"Bْ َ0 ِA َ‫ل‬2ِ ُ‫َ€ أ‬A‫ َو‬Z
َ ْ َ‫ َل ِإ‬2ِ ُ‫ن ِ َ€ أ‬
َ ُ%Aِ ْE8ُ َ8ِ- ‫وَا‬

30

(And who have faith in what is revealed to you and in what was revealed before you.) means,
"They believe in what Allah sent you with, and in what the previous Messengers were sent
with, they do not distinguish between (believing) them, nor do they reject what they brought
from their Lord.'' 
‫ُن‬%0ِ ُ8 ْ ‫ َةِ ُه‬O
ِ ْMَِ‫( و‬And in the Hereafter they are certain) that is the resurrection, the standing
(on the Day of Resurrection), Paradise, the Fire, the reckoning and the the Scale that weighs
the deeds (the Mizan). The Hereafter is so named because it comes after this earthly life.
The people described here (2:4) are those whom Allah described in the preceding Ayah, 
‫ُِن‬%ُ8 ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%0ْ َ‫  َرز‬Aِ ‫ن ا " َة َو‬
َ ُ ِ8ُ ‫( َو‬
ِ ْ َ/ ْ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ُ%Aِ ْE8ُ 
َ 8ِ- ‫(  ا‬Those who have faith in the Ghayb and
perform Salah, and spend out of what we have provided for them.)
Mujahid once stated, "Four Ayat at the beginning of Surat Al-Baqarah describe the believers,
two describe the disbelievers, and thirteen describe the hypocrites.'' The four Ayat mentioned
in this statement are general and include every believer, whether an Arab, non-Arab, or a
person of a previous Scripture, whether they are Jinns or humans. All of these attributes
complement each other and require the existence of the other attributes. For instance, it is not
possible that one believes in the Unseen, performs the prayer and gives Zakah without
believing in what the Messenger of Allah and the previous Messengers were sent with. The
same with certainty in the Hereafter, this is not correct without that, for Allah has
commanded the believers, 
;ْBَ0 ِA ‫ َل‬2َ‫ِى َأ‬- ‫( ا‬
ِ ‫َِـ‬V ْ ‫ وَا‬Lِ ُِ@‫"َ! َر‬#
َ ‫ َل‬2َ ‫ِى‬- ‫( ا‬
ِ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫ وَا‬Lِ ُِ@َ‫ َور‬Lِ " ِ ْ‫ُا‬%Aِ ‫ُاْ ءَا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ ‫َـ‬8 (O you who believe!
Believe in Allah, and His Messenger, and the Book (the Qur'an) which He has revealed to the
Messenger, and the Book which He sent own to those before (him)) (4:136), 
ٌ=
ِ ‫ْ وَا‬Vُ 5ُ ‫َ َوِإ َـ‬%5ُ ‫ْ َوِإ َـ‬Vُ ْ َ ‫لَ ِإ‬2ِ ُ‫َ َوأ‬%ْ َ ‫ َل ِإ‬2ِ ُ‫ِى أ‬- ِ %Aَ ‫ُ ُاْ ءَا‬0‫ْ َو‬5ُ %ْ Aِ ْ‫ ‘ََ" ُا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ 
ُ ِإ[ ا‬
َ ْ=‫! َأ‬
َ ‫( ِإ [ ِ ِ! ِه‬
ِ ‫َِـ‬V ْ ‫َـِ ُاْ َأ ْه َ; ا‬6ُ [َ ‫ َو‬
(And argue not with the People of the Book, unless it be in (a way) that is better, except with
such of them as do wrong; and say (to them): "We believe in that which has been revealed to
us and revealed to you; our Ilah (God) and your Ilah (God) is One (i.e. Allah)') (29:46), 
ُVCَ Aَ َ  ً0َAُ َ% ْ 2َ َ ِ ْ‫ُا‬%Aِ ‫( ءَا‬
َ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫ أُوُاْ ا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫َ€ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8 (O you who have been given the Book (Jews and
Christians)! Believe in what We have revealed (to Muhammad ) confirming what is (already)
with you) (4:47), and, 
ْVُ ‫ ر‬A ْVُ ْ َ ‫ َل ِإ‬2ِ ُ‫َ€ أ‬A‫ِ َ; َو‬6ِU‫=! ُِ ُاْ ا ْرَا َة وَا‬
َ ‫!ْ ٍء‬X
َ !َ"#
َ ُْ

ْ َ (
ِ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫َـَ?هْ َ; ا‬8 ْ;0ُ 
(Say (O Muhammad ): "O People of the Book (Jews and Christians)! You have nothing until
you act according to the Tawrah (Torah), the Injil (Gospel), and what has (now) been revealed
to you from your Lord (the Qur'an).'') (5:68).
Also, Allah the Exalted described the believers; 
ِL"ِ@
ُ ‫ ‚ر‬A ٍ=
َ ‫ َأ‬
َ ْ َ ‫ق‬
ُ  َُ [َ Lِ "ِ@
ُ ‫ وَ ُر‬Lِ Bِ ُ‫ َو ُآ‬Lِ ِVَ ِ ‫َ"َـ‬A‫ِ َو‬L" ِ 
َ Aَ ‫ن ُآ ”; ءَا‬
َ ُ%Aِ ْE ُ ْ ‫ وَا‬Lِ  ‫ِ ر‬A Lِ ْ َ‫ َل ِإ‬2ِ ُ‫ ا @ُ ُل ِ َ€ أ‬
َ Aَ ‫ءَا‬
(The Messenger (Muhammad ) believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and
(so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers.
31

(They say,) "We make no distinction between any of His Messengers'') (2: 285), and, 
ُ5%ْ A ٍ =
َ ‫ َأ‬
َ ْ َ ْ‫ُا‬0 َ 8ُ ْ َ‫ َو‬Lِ "ِ @
ُ ‫ َو ُر‬Lِ " ِ ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫( وَا‬And those who believe in Allah and His Messengers
and make no distinction between any of them (Messengers)) (4:152),
This is a sample of the Ayat that indicate that the true believers all believe in Allah, His
Messengers and His Books.
The faithful among the People of the Book, have a special significance here, since they believe
in their Books and in all of the details related to that, so when such people embrace Islam and
sincerely believe in the details of the religion, then they will get two rewards. As for the others,
they can only believe in the previous religious teachings in a general way. For instance, the
Prophet stated,
«ُVْ َ‫ َل ِإ‬2ِ ْ ‫َ َوُأ‬%ْ َ‫ِ َل ِإ‬2ْ ‫ِي ُأ‬- ِ %Aَ n :‫ُ ُا‬0 ْVِ َ‫ُ ُه ْ و‬0ِ 
َ ُ َ ‫ُ ُهْ َو‬- َVُ َ"َD ‫ب‬
ِ َVِ ْ ‫ُْ َأ ْه ُ; ا‬VQَ َ َ= ‫( »ِإذَا‬When the People of
the Book narrate to you, neither reject nor affirm what they say. Rather, say, 'We believe in
what was revealed to us and what was revealed to you.')
However, the faith that many Arabs have in the religion of Islam as it was revealed to
Muhammad might be more complete, encompassing and firmer than the faith of the People of
the Book who embraced Islam. Therefore, if the believers in Islam among the People of the
Book gain two rewards, other Muslims who have firmer Islamic faith might gain an equal
reward that compares to the two the People of the Book gain (upon embracing Islam). And
Allah knows best. 
Zِ ‫( ُأوْ َـ‬They are) refers to those who believe in the Unseen, establish the prayer, spend from
what Allah has granted them, believe in what Allah has revealed to the Messenger and the
Messengers before him, believe in the Hereafter with certainty, and prepare the necessary
requirements for the Hereafter by performing good deeds and avoiding the prohibitions. Allah
then said, 
‫"َ! ُهًى‬#
َ  (On guidance) meaning, they are (following) a light, guidance, and have insight from
Allah, 
‫ُن‬Jِ"ْ ُ ْ ‫َ ُه ُ ا‬Zِ ‫(  َوُأوْ َـ‬And they are the successful) meaning, in this world and the Hereafter. They
shall have what they seek and be saved from the evil that they tried to avoid. Therefore, they
will have rewards, eternal life in Paradise, and safety from the torment that Allah has
prepared for His enemies.

32

4. QS Al Baqarah 2:189 

ِA ‫ت‬
َ ُBُ ْ ‫ ا َ! َوأُْاْ ا‬
ِ Aَ  Bِ ْ ‫ ا‬
 Vِ ‫ُ ِرهَ َو َـ‬5‘
ُ ِA ‫ت‬
َ ُBُ ْ ‫ ‚ ِ?َن َ ْ?ُاْ ا‬Bِ ْ ‫{ ا‬
َ ْ َ‫Œ َو‬ 
َJ ْ ‫س وَا‬
ِ %"ِ R
ُ ِ0‫َا‬Aَ !
َ ‫ُ;ْ ِه‬0 .ِ "‫ ِه‬Mَ ‫ِ ا‬#
َ Z
َ َُ"‫
َـ‬
ْ 8َ  
َ‫ُن‬J"ُِْ ْVُ "Cَ َ Lَ " ‫َ وَا ُاْ ا‬5ِ َ ْ ‫َأ‬
2:189. Mereka bertanya kepadamu tentang bulan sabit. Katakanlah: "Bulan sabit itu adalah
tanda-tanda waktu bagi manusia dan (bagi ibadah) haji; Dan bukanlah kebajikan memasuki
rumah-rumah dari belakangnya, akan tetapi kebajikan itu ialah kebajikan orang yang
bertakwa. Dan masuklah ke rumah-rumah itu dari pintunya; dan bertakwalah kepada Allah
agar kamu beruntung.
(189. They ask you (O Muhammad) about the crescents. Say: "These are signs to mark fixed
periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage.'' It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness,
etc.) that you enter the houses from the back, but Al-Birr is from Taqwa. So enter houses
through their proper doors, and have Taqwa of Allah that you may be successful.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬ 
ِA ‫ت‬
َ ُBُ ْ ‫ِ ا َ! َوأُْا ا‬Aَ  Bِ ْ ‫ ا‬Vِ َ‫ُ ِرهَ َو‬5‘
ُ ْAِ ‫ت‬
َ ُُB ْ ‫ ‚ َِ?نْ َ ْ?ُا ا‬Bِ ْ ‫Œ َوَ ْ{َ ا‬ 
َJ ْ ‫س وَا‬
ِ %"ِ R
ُ ِ0‫َا‬Aَ )
َ ‫;ْ ِه‬0ُ .ِ "‫ ا ْ ?َ ِه‬
ِ#
َ Z
َ َ ُ ?َ

ْ 8َ
‫ُن‬Jِ"ْ ُ ْVُ "Cَ َ Lَ " ‫َ وَا ُا ا‬5ِ‫َأ َْا‬
;0 ."‫ه‬M‫ ا‬# Z ?
8 " .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬R 2%D ."‫ه‬M‫ ا‬# - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫س ر@ل ا‬% ‫س @?ل ا‬B# ‫ ا‬# )DC ‫ل ا‬0
‫ ا‬0 5‫ أ‬%/" . C ‫ أ) ا‬# I ‫ ا‬# CG ‫ل أ‬0‫ و‬56= R0‫ وو‬5< 
‫ة‬#‫ و‬5%8‫ =; د‬5 ‫" ن‬C8 " ‫س‬%" R0‫ا‬A )‫ه‬ 
"
‫ م ا‬R0‫ا‬A W‫ ا‬5"CG ‫ل‬8 " ‫س‬%" R0‫ا‬A )‫; ه‬0 ."‫ه‬M‫ ا‬# Z ?
8 " W‫ل ا‬2?D ‫ ؟‬."‫ه‬M‫ ا‬R"O  W‫ ر@ل ا‬8
‫ ا زاق‬B# ‫ل‬0‫ و‬Z ‫ ذ‬J {‫  أ‬I ‫دة وا 
ي وا‬0‫ك و‬Ja ‫ء وا‬h# # ‫ا روي‬-‫ وآ‬5%8‫; د‬JA‫ و‬5< 
‫ة‬#‫ره و‬hD‫وإ‬
R0‫ا‬A ."‫ه‬M‫ ا‬W‫; ا‬CG " - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0  # ‫ ا‬# ID # ‫  أ) رواد‬282C ‫ ا‬B# #
‫ ا أ) رواد‬o8= A L‫ 
رآ‬A )D ‫آ‬J ‫ ا‬e‫ " وروا‬A8 QTQ ‫وا‬CD V"# r ‫ن‬fD L8‫وا ؤ‬hD‫ وأ‬L8‫ا ؤ‬AD ‫س‬%"
L‫ أ‬# c"m  {0 # G   JA ‫ل‬0‫ و‬eGg8  ‫د و‬%@U‫ ا‬KJ^ 5D (
% ‫] ا‬8X ‫ا‬56A ‫ا‬# .Q ‫ل آن‬0‫ و‬L 
V"# ) r‫ن أ‬fD ‫وا‬hD?D e 8‫ا وإذا رأ‬AD ‫ل‬T5 ‫ ا‬8‫ذا رأ‬fD ."‫ه‬M‫ ا‬W‫; ا‬CG " : "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0
‫ ?ن‬B ‫ " و { ا‬L 0‫ و‬. L%# W‫) ا‬d‫ ( ر‬m )‫")  أ‬# ‫م‬T‫ آ‬A‫ة و‬8‫ أ) ه‬o8= A ‫ا روي‬-‫ " وآ‬QTQ ‫ة‬C ‫?آ "ا ا‬D
;<‫ إ@ا‬# !@A  W‫ ا‬B# %Q= : ‫ري‬gB ‫ل ا‬0 " 5‫ أا‬A ‫ت‬B ‫ ا! وأا ا‬A B ‫ ا‬V ‫ره و‬5‘ A ‫ت‬B ‫?ا ا‬ 
A ‫ت‬B ‫ ?ن ?ا ا‬B ‫ " و { ا‬W‫ل ا‬2?D e5‘ A RB ‫ أا ا‬."‫ه‬6 ‫) ا‬D ‫ا‬A=‫ آا إذا أ‬: ‫ل‬0 ‫اء‬B ‫ ا‬# ‫ق‬J@‫ أ) إ‬#
: ‫ل‬0 ‫اء‬B ‫ ا‬# ‫ق‬J@‫ أ) إ‬# .BCX # ) 
h ‫ أ داود ا‬e‫ا روا‬-‫ " وآ‬5‫ أا‬A ‫ت‬B ‫ ا! وأا ا‬A B ‫ ا‬V ‫ره و‬5‘
R‫ آ‬G # ‫ أ) @ن‬# : w #M‫ل ا‬0 .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬R 2%D L ;B0 A ;G ‫; ا‬O8  ‫ @ه‬A ‫ا‬A0 ‫ر إذا‬M‫ ا‬R‫آ‬ 
%BD ‫=ام‬U‫) ا‬D ‫ ب‬A ‫"ن‬O8 [ ‫ب‬C ‫ر و@< ا‬M‫ ا‬R‫=ام وآ‬U‫) ا‬D ‫اب‬M‫ ا‬A ‫"ن‬O8 ‫ { وآا‬J ‫! ا‬# w80
‫ إن‬: W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 ‫ ا‬D ‫ر‬M‫ ا‬A A#  .Bh0 LCA ‫ج‬O‫ و‬L A ‫ج‬O ‫)  
ن إذ‬D - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ر@ل ا‬
R"CD  ‫ آ‬R"CD L"CD Z8‫ رأ‬: ‫ل‬0 "RC%^ A !"# Z" = A " L ‫ل‬D ‫ب‬B ‫ ا‬A ZCA ‫ج‬O L‫ وإ‬G ;G‫ ر‬A#  .Bh0
‫ ا! وأا‬A B ‫ ا‬V ‫ره و‬5‘ A ‫ت‬B ‫ ?ن ?ا ا‬B ‫ " و { ا‬W‫ل ا‬2?D . Z%8‫) د‬%8‫ن د‬fD : L ‫ل‬0 { =‫ إ) أ‬: ‫ل‬D 
‫دة وإاه‬0‫هي و‬2 ‫ه وا‬6A # ‫ا روي‬-‫ وآ‬eJ% ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# )DC ‫ ا‬e‫ ا أ) = وروا‬e‫ " روا‬5‫ أا‬A ‫ت‬B ‫ا‬ 
88 L A ‫ج‬O‫ إذا أراد أ=ه @ا و‬."‫ه‬6 ‫ أه; ا‬A ‫ام‬0‫ آن أ‬: ‫ي‬B ‫ 
ا‬J ‫ل ا‬0‫  أ{ و‬I ‫) وا 
ي وا‬Cg% ‫ا‬
W‫ل ا‬D e5‘ ;B0 A e‫ 
ر‬8 V ‫ و‬L A RB ‫; ا‬O8  e@ ‫ع‬8‫ و‬8 ‫ أن‬LG‫و‬O C L ‫ ا‬Q L ‫ج‬O ‫ي‬- ‫ ا‬e@
‫ ب‬A L 2%A ;O8  ]V#‫; إذا ا‬G ‫ آن ا‬: (C‫   آ‬JA ‫ل‬0‫ و‬. .8x‫ره" ا‬5‘ A ‫ت‬B ‫ ?ن ?ا ا‬B ‫ " و { ا‬: ! C
‫ون‬8‫ره و‬5‘ A 5 ‫ز‬%A ‫"ا‬O‫ه د‬# A ‫ا‬CG‫ب إذا ر‬8 ;‫ آن أه‬: ‫ء  أ) رح‬h# ‫ل‬0‫ و‬. .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬W‫ل ا‬2?D RB ‫ا‬
W‫ " واا ا‬L 0‫ و‬B ‫ أد! إ ! ا‬Z ‫ون أن ذ‬8 [‫ره " و‬5‘ A ‫ت‬B ‫ ?ن ?ا ا‬B ‫ " و { ا‬W‫ل ا‬D B ‫ أد! إ ! ا‬Z ‫أن ذ‬
!"# V8‫ز‬6D L88  0‫ا إذا و‬r " ‫ن‬J" V"C " L%# ‫آ‬5 A ‫ واآا‬L ‫آ‬A‫ أ‬A ‫"ا‬CDD W‫ن" أي اا ا‬J" V"C
‫ ل‬V ‫ ا  م وا‬.
Al-`Awfi related that Ibn `Abbas said, "The people asked Allah's Messenger about the
33

crescent moons. Thereafter, this Ayah was revealed: 
‫س‬%"ِ R
ُ ِ0‫َا‬Aَ !
َ ‫ُ;ْ ِه‬0 .ِ "‫ ِه‬Mَ ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ َZَ ُ"‫
َـ‬
ْ 8َ  (They ask you (O Muhammad) about the crescents. Say,
"These are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind...) so that they mark their acts of
worship, the `Iddah (the period of time a divorced woman or a widow is required to wait
before remarrying) of their women and the time of their Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah).''
`Abdur-Razzaq reported that Ibn `Umar narrated that Allah's Messenger said:
«ًAَْ8 
َ ِQَ"Qَ ‫‚وا‬Cُ Dَ ْVُ ْ َ"َ#  r
ُ ْ‫ن‬fَِD ،ِLِ 8َ ْ‫ُوا ُِؤ‬h
ِ Dْ ‫ َوَأ‬،ِLِ8َ ْ‫ُا ِ ُؤ‬AُDَ ،ِ‫س‬%"ِ R
َ ِ0‫َا‬Aَ .َ "‫ ا ْ َ? ِه‬W
ُ ‫;َ ا‬Cَ G
َ » (Allah has made
the crescents signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind. Hence, fast on seeing it (the
crescent for Ramadan) and break the fast on seeing it (the crescent for Shawwal). If it (the
crescent) was obscure to you then count thirty days (mark that month as thirty days).) WThis
Hadith was also collected by Al-Hakim in his Mustadrak, and he said, "The chain is Sahih,
and they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not recorded it."
Allah said: 
َ5ِ َ ْ‫ْ َأ‬Aِ ‫ت‬
َ ُBُ ْ ‫ ا َ! َوأُْ ْا ا‬
ِ Aَ Bِ ْ ‫ ا‬
 ِV‫ُ ِرهَ َو َـ‬5ُ‘ ِA ‫ت‬
َ ُBُ ْ ‫ ‚ ِ?َن َ ْ?ُاْ ا‬Bِ ْ ‫{ ا‬
َ ْ ََ‫( و‬It is not Al-Birr (piety,
righteousness, etc.) that you enter the houses from the back, but Al-Birr is from Taqwa. So
enter houses through their proper doors.)
Al-Bukhari recorded that Al-Bara' said, "During the time of Jahiliyyah, they used to enter the
house from the back upon assuming the Ihram. Thereafter, Allah revealed (the following
Ayah): 
َ5ِ َ ْ‫ْ َأ‬Aِ ‫ت‬
َ ُBُ ْ ‫ ا َ! َوأُْ ْا ا‬
ِ Aَ Bِ ْ ‫ ا‬
 ِV‫ُ ِرهَ َو َـ‬5ُ‘ ِA ‫ت‬
َ ُBُ ْ ‫ ‚ ِ?َن َ ْ?ُاْ ا‬Bِ ْ ‫{ ا‬
َ ْ ََ‫( و‬It is not Al-Birr (piety,
righteousness, etc.) that you enter the houses from the back but Al-Birr is from Taqwa. So
enter houses through their proper doors.)
Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded the same Hadith from Al-Bara' but with the wording; "The
Ansar used to enter their houses from the back when returning from a journey. Thereafter,
this Ayah (2:189 above) was revealed...''
Al-Hasan said, "When some people during the time of Jahiliyyah would leave home to travel,
and then decide not to travel, they would not enter the house from its door. Rather, they would
climb over the back wall. Allah the Exalted said: 
َ‫ُ ِره‬5ُ‘ ِA ‫ت‬
َ ُBُ ْ ‫ِ ‚ ِ?َن َ ْ?ُاْ ا‬B ْ ‫{ ا‬
َ ْ ََ‫( و‬It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness) that you enter the
houses from the back,).''
Allah's statement: 
‫ُن‬J"ُِْ ْVُ "َC َ Lَ " ‫( وَا ُاْ ا‬...and have Taqwa of Allah that you may be successful.) Have Taqwa of
Allah, means to do what He has commanded you and refrain from what He has forbidden for
you, 
‫ُن‬Jِ"ُْ ْVُ "َC َ (that you may be successful.) tomorrow when you stand before Him and He thus
rewards you perfectly.

34

5. QS Al Baqarah 2:219-220

Zِ -َ‫ ْ َ آ‬Cَ ْ ‫ُ ِ; ا‬0 ‫ن‬
َ ُِ %ُ8 ‫َذَا‬A َZَ ُ"َ ‫
ْـ‬8َ ‫ َ َو‬5ِ ِCْ  ِA ُ Bَ ‫ َ€ َأ ْآ‬5ُ ُ Qْ ‫سِ َوِإ‬%"ِ Iُ ِ ‫َـ‬%Aَ ‫ٌِ َو‬B‫ٌ َآ‬Qْ ‫ َ€ ِإ‬5ِ ِD ْ;0ُ ِ

ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ِ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ Z
َ َ ُ"َ ‫
ْـ‬8َ 
‫ن‬
َ ‫ُو‬Vََ َ ْVُ "Cَ َ R
ِ ‫َـ‬8x‫ُ ُ ا‬V َ Lُ " ‫ ا‬
ُ ّ Bُ8
‫َ€ء‬X َْ ‫ َو‬K
ِ "ِ
ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ َ ِ 
ْ ُ ْ ‫َْ" ُ ا‬C8َ Lُ " ‫ْ وَا‬Vُ ُ ْOfَِD ْ‫ُ ُه‬hِ َgُ ‫ ٌْ َوإِن‬O
َ ْ5ُ  ٌ‫ح‬T
َ^
ْ ‫;ْ ِإ‬0ُ !َ ‫ِ ا ْ ََـ‬#
َ Z
َ َ ُ"َ ‫َ
ْـ‬8‫ َ ِة َو‬O
ِ ْ[‫ِ! ا ‚ َْ وَا‬D 
ِV=
َ ٌ28ِ2#
َ Lَ " ‫ْ ِإن ا‬Vُ َ %َ ْ#[ Lُ " ‫ا‬
2:219. Mereka bertanya kepadamu tentang khamar dan judi. Katakanlah: "Pada keduanya
itu terdapat dosa besar dan beberapa manfaat bagi manusia, tetapi dosa keduanya lebih
besar dari manfaatnya". Dan mereka bertanya kepadamu apa yang mereka nafkahkan.
Katakanlah: "Yang lebih dari keperluan." Demikianlah Allah menerangkan ayat-ayat-Nya
kepadamu supaya kamu berpikir,
2:220. tentang dunia dan akhirat. Dan mereka bertanya kepadamu tentang anak yatim,
katakanlah: "Mengurus urusan mereka secara patut adalah baik, dan jika kamu menggauli
mereka, maka mereka adalah saudaramu dan Allah mengetahui siapa yang membuat
kerusakan dari yang mengadakan perbaikan. Dan jika Allah menghendaki, niscaya Dia dapat
mendatangkan kesulitan kepadamu. Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Perkasa lagi Maha
Bijaksana.
(219. They ask you (O Muhammad ) concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. Say: "In them
is a great sin, and (some) benefits for men, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit.''
And they ask you what they ought to spend. Say: "That which is (spare) beyond your needs.''
Thus Allah makes clear to you His Laws in order that you may give thought.)
(220. In (to) this worldly life and in the Hereafter. And they ask you concerning orphans. Say:
"The best thing is to work honestly in their property, and if you mix your affairs with theirs,
then they are your brothers. And Allah knows (the one) who means mischief (e.g., to swallow
their property) from (the one) who means good (e.g., to save their property). And if Allah had
wished, He could have put you into difficulties. Truly, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.'') 
‫ 
ا آ‬
Zِ َ-‫ ْ َ َآ‬Cَ ْ ‫ُ ِ; ا‬0 ‫ن‬
َ ُِْ%8ُ ‫َذَا‬A َZَ ُ َ?

ْ 8َ َ‫ َ و‬5ِ Cِ ْ َ ْAِ ُ Bَ ْ‫ َ َأآ‬5ُ ُ Qْ ‫سِ َوِإ‬%"ِ Iُ ِDَ%َA‫ٌِ َو‬B‫ٌ َآ‬Qْ ‫ َ ِإ‬5ِ ِD ْ;ُ0 ِ

ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ِ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ ا‬
ِ َ# Z
َ َ ُ َ?

ْ 8َ
‫ُون‬Vَ َ َ ْVُ "َC َ ‫ت‬
ِ َ8€ْ ‫ُ ُ ا‬V َ Lُ " ‫ ا‬
ُ  Bَ 8ُ 
g ‫ ا‬8J ‫ل‬2  : ‫ل‬0 L‫  أ‬# # ‫ 
ة‬A )‫ أ‬# ‫ق‬J@‫ أ) إ‬# ;<‫ إ@ا‬%Q=   ‫"]  ا‬O %Q= :  =‫م أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0
" B‫ آ‬Q‫  إ‬5D ;0  
‫  وا‬g ‫ ا‬# Z ?
8 " ‫ة‬B ‫) ا‬D ) ‫ ا‬.8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬R 2%D DX   g ‫) ا‬D %  5" ‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬0
‫ا [ ا‬%An 8- ‫ ا‬58‫ أ‬8 " ‫ 
ء‬% ‫) ا‬D ) ‫ ا‬.8x‫ ا‬R 2%D DX   g ‫) ا‬D %  5" ‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬D L"# R<D  # )#D
" ‫ان‬V@ ‫ة‬T ‫ ا‬8 [ ‫ة دى " أن‬T ‫م ا‬0‫ إذا أ‬- "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫دي ر@ل ا‬%A ‫ن‬VD " ‫رى‬V@ ‫ة وأ‬T ‫ا‬
"ˆ"  "D L"# R<D  # )#D ‫) ا <ة‬D ) ‫ ا‬.8x‫ ا‬R 2%D DX   g ‫) ا‬D %  5" ‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬D L"# R<D  # )#D
‫ق‬J@‫ أ) إ‬# ;<‫ إ@ا‬# ‫ق‬m A )<
% ‫ي وا‬-A ‫ أ داود وا‬e‫ا روا‬-V‫ وه‬.%5‫ ا‬%5‫ ا‬:  # ‫ل‬0 " ‫ن‬5%A ‫; أ‬5D
)‫ ا‬5 ‫; ا‬B=X  ‫ و‬# L @‫ 
ة وا‬A )‫ أ‬# ‫ق‬J@‫ أ) إ‬# ‫ ا ري‬c8m A L8‫دو‬A ‫ ا أ) = وا‬e‫ا روا‬-‫وآ‬
K ^ ‫د‬%@‫ا إ‬-‫ ه‬: )%8 ‫")  ا‬# ‫ل‬0‫ و‬. "#‫ أ‬W‫ وا‬L%A I
8  .#‫ل أ زر‬0 0 V e‫ @ا‬L%# L { ‫ و و‬# # )DV ‫ا‬ 
A IA a8‫ أ‬o8J ‫ا ا‬-‫; و@?) ه‬C ‫ه( ا‬-‫ه( ا ل و‬- 5‫ إ‬%5‫ ا‬L 0 C = )‫ي وزاد ا أ‬-A ‫ ا‬LJJ^‫ و‬KJ^
; # A {G‫ز[م ر‬M‫ب وا‬M‫  وا  
وا‬g ‫) @رة ا <ة " إ  ا‬D L 0 %# a8‫ة أ‬8‫ أ) ه‬c8m A  =‫ أ‬e‫روا‬ 
 # %AE ‫ ا‬A‫ل أ‬0  VD  g ‫ ا‬A‫  وا  
" أ‬g ‫ ا‬# Z ?
8 " L D ‫ت‬8x‫ن " ا‬J" V"C eB%GD ‫ن‬h` ‫ا‬
35

‫ا ‪hg‬ب ‪ -‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪ - L%# W‬إ‪ L‬آ; ‪ AO A‬ا ‪ ;C‬آ  @?) ‪@ )D L‬رة ا <ة وآ‪-‬ا ا  
وه ا  ر‪ .‬و‪ 5D ;0 " L 0‬‬
‫إ‪ Q‬آ‪ B‬و‪%" ID%A‬س " أ‪ A‬إ‪ )D 5D  5 Q‬ا ‪ 8‬وأ‪ A‬ا ‪ o= A .8D ID%‬إن ‪ I 5D‬ا ‪B‬ن و‪ a5‬ا ‪Ch‬م وإ‪O‬اج‬
‫ا ‪Ta‬ت و`‪ ‰C -J‬ا‪M‬ذهن و ‪-‬ة ا `ة ا ‪ .h‬ا ) ‪ 5D‬آ  ‪0‬ل = 
ن  ‪G )D RQ‬ه"‪ : L‬و`‪D 5‬آ‪"A %‬آ‬
‫وأ@ا [ ‪ %5%5%8‬ا "ء وآ‪-‬ا ‪ 5C‬وا[ع  ‪ 5%‬وآن ‪ A 5aC L` 8‬ا  
‪ L 
!"# L%D‬أو ‪ L #‬و ‪ V‬ه‪e-‬‬
‫ا  ‪ [ K‬ازي ‪ LaA‬و‪ L 
A‬ا ا‪ ;C  5"C .JG‬وا ‪ 8‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ا‪ " ! C W‬وإ‪  5 Q‬أآ‪ "  5C A B‬و ‪-5‬ا‬
‫آ‪ R‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪5 A .8x‬ة ‪ 8J‬ا ‪ !"#  g‬ا ‪B‬ت و  ‪ .dCA ; .=A V‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪ -  #‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪: L"# R<0  - L%# W‬‬
‫ا "‪ )D %  5‬ا ‪2 != DX   g‬ل ا ‪@ )D 5 8J K8‬رة ا <ة " ‪ 8‬أ‪ 58‬ا ‪%An 8-‬ا إ  ا ‪  g‬وا  

‫وا‪M‬ب وا‪M‬ز[م ر‪ ; # A {G‬ا `‪h‬ن ‪J" V"C eB%GD‬ن إ  ‪ 88‬ا `‪h‬ن أن ‪ V% I08‬ا ‪C‬اوة وا ‪a/B‬ء ‪)D‬‬
‫ا ‪  g‬وا  
و‪8‬آ ‪ #‬ذآ ا‪ W‬و‪ #‬ا ‪T‬ة ‪ ;5D‬أ ‪5%A‬ن " و@?) ا ‪TV‬م ‪ !"#‬ذ ‪@ )D Z‬رة ا <ة إن ‪X‬ء ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ ! C‬و‪ L‬ا ‪0 . .‬ل ا ‪  #‬وا `‪ )BC‬و‪6A‬ه و‪0‬دة وا ‪  I‬أ{ و‪ B#‬ا =   ز‪  8‬أ@" ‪ :‬إن ه‪ e-‬أول ‪R 2 .8n‬‬
‫‪ )D‬ا ‪ # Z ?
8 "  g‬ا ‪  g‬وا  
‪  5D ;0‬إ‪ Q‬آ‪ R 2 Q " B‬ا‪ .8x‬ا ) ‪@ )D‬رة ا ‪
%‬ء ‪ R 2 Q‬ا‪ .8x‬ا ) ‪)D‬‬
‫ا <ة ‪ RAJD‬ا ‪ .  g‬و‪ " L 0‬و‪A Z ?
8‬ذا ‪%8‬ن ‪ ;0‬ا ‪0 " C‬ئ  ‪ (%‬و ‪ ID‬وآ‪T‬ه  = 
‪0 (80 L6A‬ل ا‬
‫أ) = ‪ %Q= :‬أ) =‪  !@A %Q‬إ@ ‪ %Q= ;#‬أن =‪ !J8 %Q‬أ‪ L/" L‬أن ‪CA‬ذ  ‪ ;BG‬و‪ .B"CQ‬أ ر@ل ا‪!"^ - W‬‬
‫ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ 8 : [D -‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬إن ‪ %‬أر‪0‬ء وأه" ‪ A‬أ‪A‬ا ‪2?D %‬ل ا‪ " W‬و‪A Z ?
8‬ذا ‪%8‬ن " و‪0‬ل ا ‪ 
A # VJ‬‬
‫‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س " و‪A Z ?
8‬ذا ‪%8‬ن ‪ ;0‬ا ‪0 " C‬ل ‪ # ;a8 A :‬أه"‪ Z‬وآ‪-‬ا روي ‪ #‬ا ‪  #‬و‪6A‬ه و‪h#‬ء و‪.AV#‬‬
‫و@‪ BG  C‬و‪   JA‬آ‪ (C‬وا ‪ 
J‬و‪0‬دة وا @ و@  و‪h#‬ء ا ‪g‬ا@) وا ‪  I‬أ{ و‪ r‬وا= أ‪ 0 5‬ا ‪)D‬‬
‫‪ ;0 "L 0‬ا ‪ )%C8 " C‬ا ‪ ;a‬و‪m #‬وس ‪ :‬ا  
‪ A‬آ; ‪)X‬ء و‪ #‬ا ‪ I‬أ‪ a8‬أ‪ Z A ;aD‬وأ‪ LBm‬وا ‪ IG8 ;V‬إ ! ا ‪;a‬‬
‫‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ‪ %Q= : e 
)D  =  B#‬هذة  ‪# # ."O‬ف ‪ #‬ا ‪ )D 
J‬ا‪A Z ?
8 ".8x‬ذا ‪%8‬ن ‪ ;0‬ا ‪0 " C‬ل‬
‫ذ ‪ Z‬أن [ ‪? 
C Q Z A 568‬ل ا ‪%‬س و‪8‬ل ‪ !"#‬ذ ‪ A Z‬روا‪ e‬ا ‪ %Q= "
A  )"# %Q= 8G‬أ ‪ # ^#‬ا ‪T6#‬ن‬
‫‪ #‬ا ‪B‬ي ‪ #‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر‪ 8 ;G‬ر@ل ا‪%# W‬ي د‪%8‬ر ‪0‬ل " أ‪0 " Z 
!"# L‬ل ‪%# :‬ي ‪0 . On‬ل " أ‪L‬‬
‫‪ !"#‬أه"‪0 . "Z‬ل ‪%# :‬ي ‪0 On‬ل " أ‪ !"# L‬و ك " ‪0‬ل ‪%# :‬ي ‪0 On‬ل " ‪ R?D‬أ " و‪ 0‬روا‪LJJ^ )D "
A e‬‬
‫وأ‪ "
A LGO‬أ‪ G # a8‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ - W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0 -‬ل ‪ " ;G‬اأ ‪D Z 
%‬ق ‪fD 5"#‬ن ‪)X ;aD‬ء‬
‫‪’D‬ه"‪fD Z‬ن ‪)X ;aD‬ء ‪ #‬أه"‪-"D Z‬ي ‪0‬ا‪fD Z‬ن ‪ # ;aD‬ذي ‪0‬ا‪)X Z‬ء ‪-V5D‬ا وه‪-V‬ا " ‪ .‬و‪ # e%#‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ‪ -‬ر‪)d‬‬
‫ا‪0 - L%# W‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪ O‬ا ‪ A .0‬آن ‪ !%r 5‘ #‬وا  ا ‪ A O "C‬ا 
"! واأ  ‬
‫‪C‬ل " و‪ )D‬ا ‪ o8J‬أ‪ "a8‬ا ‪n‬دم إ‪ Z‬إن ‪-B‬ل ا ‪ Z O ;a‬وإن 
‪ Z X LV‬و[ ‪T‬م ‪ !"#‬آف " ‪ ;0 0 Q‬إ‪5‬‬
‫‪ .8€ .O
%A‬ا ‪2‬آة آ  روا‪  )"# e‬أ) ‪ .J"m‬وا ‪ # )DC‬ا ‪B#‬س و‪h# L 0‬ء ا ‪g‬ا@) وا 
ي و‪ .8€ .%BA ;0‬ا ‪2‬آة‬
‫‪6A L 0.‬ه و‪ er‬وه أو‪LG‬‬
‫‪َ K‬و َْ ‪َX‬ء‬
‫ِ" ِ‬
‫ ا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫ 
َ ِ‪َ A‬‬
‫^"َحٌ َ ُ‪َ ٌْ َO ْ5‬وِإنْ ُ‪ُ ُh َِg‬هْ َ‪َْOfِD‬ا ُ ُ‪ ْV‬وَا " ُ‪ ُ "َCْ َ8 L‬ا ْ ُ ْ ِ‬
‫ ا ْ ََ‪ِ ْ;ُ0 !َA‬إ ْ‬
‫‪ِ َ# Z‬‬

?َ ُ َ َ‬
‫‪ِ َO‬ة َو َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫‪ )ِD‬ا ‚ َْ وَا ْ€ ِ‬
‫=‪ِV‬‬
‫‪َ ٌ28ِ2#‬‬
‫ن ا " َ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ِ ْVُ َ َ%#‬إ ‬
‫ا " ُ‪ْ ?ََ L‬‬
‫و‪ " L 0‬آ‪ B8 Z -‬ا‪ V W‬ا‪8x‬ت ‪V V"C‬ون ‪ )D‬ا  وا‪Ox‬ة" أي آ  ‪ V ;D‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪V=M‬م و‪ 5%‬وأو‪ 5Jd‬آ‪B8 Z -‬‬
‫ ‪ <@ V‬ا‪8x‬ت ‪ )D‬أ=‪ LAV‬وو‪ e#‬وو‪V V"C e#‬ون ‪ )D‬ا  وا‪Ox‬ة ‪0 .‬ل ‪  )"#‬أ) ‪ # .J"m‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪)D )%C8‬‬
‫زوال ا  و‪ 5<%D‬وإ‪B0‬ل ا‪Ox‬ة و<‪ . 5‬و‪0‬ل ا أ) = ‪ %Q= :‬أ) =‪  JA  )"# %Q‬ا ‪ %Q= )
D%h‬أ أ@‪# .A‬‬
‫ا ‪ cC‬ا   ) ‪0‬ل ‪5X :‬ت ا ‪ 
J‬و‪0‬أ ه‪ e-‬ا‪ A .8x‬ا ‪B‬ة " ‪V V"C‬ون ‪ )D‬ا  وا‪Ox‬ة " ‪0‬ل ه) وا‪5D V  W‬‬
‫ ‪ "C‬أن ا  دار ‪T‬ء ‪ Q‬دار ‪%D‬ء و ‪ "C‬أن ا‪Ox‬ة دار ‪2G‬اء ‪ Q‬دار ء وه‪-V‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪0‬دة وا ‪ Œ8G‬و‪r‬ه  ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ‪B#‬‬
‫ا زاق ‪0 #  CA #‬دة ‪ "C :‬ا ‪ ;aD‬ا‪Ox‬ة ‪ !"#‬ا  ‪ .‬و‪ )D‬روا‪0 # .8‬دة ‪Q€D‬وا ا‪Ox‬ة ‪ !"#‬ا‪M‬و ! ‪ .‬و‪"L 0‬‬
‫‪ # Z ?
8‬ا ‪ ;0 !A‬إ^‪T‬ح ‪ O 5‬وإن ‪h g‬ه ‪OfD‬ا‪ V‬وا‪ "C8 W‬ا  
‪ A‬ا "‪ K‬و  ‪X‬ء ا‪ " V%#M W‬ا‪. .8x‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ا ‪@ %Q= : 8G‬ن  وآ‪h# # 8G %Q= I‬ء  ا 
<( ‪ # BG  C@ #‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل  ‪ " R 2‬و[‬
‫ا ‪A‬ل ا  إ[  ) ه) أ= 
" و " إن ا ‪?8 8-‬آ"ن أ‪A‬ال ا ‪  "‘ !A‬إ  ‪?8‬آ"ن ‪ 5h )D‬را و@"ن @‪C‬ا‬
‫" ا‪ A c"h‬آن ‪2CD 8 e%#‬ل ‪ LACm A LACm‬و‪X‬ا‪X A L‬ا‪ L ;a8 ;C6D L‬ا `)ء ‪?8 != L {BJD LACm A‬آ"‪L‬‬
‫أو ‪ XD  
8‬ذ ‪-D 5"# Z‬آوا ذ ‪@ Z‬ل ا‪ !"^ - W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪2?D -‬ل ا‪ " W‬و‪ # Z ?
8‬ا ‪ ;0 !A‬إ^‪T‬ح ‪5‬‬
‫‪ O‬وإن ‪h g‬ه ‪OfD‬ا‪h"gD " V‬ا ‪ 5ACh 5ACm‬و‪X‬ا‪` 5‬ا‪ . 5‬وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬أ داود وا ‪ )<
%‬وا أ) =‬
‫وا ‪A‬دو‪ L8‬وا ‪J‬آ ‪
A )D‬رآ‪m A L‬ق ‪h# #‬ء  ا 
<( ‪ . L‬وآ‪-‬ا روا‪  )"# e‬أ) ‪ # .J"m‬ا ‪B#‬س وآ‪-‬ا روا‪e‬‬
‫ا 
ي ‪ #‬أ) ‪ Z A‬و‪ #‬أ) ^ ‪ # K‬ا ‪B#‬س و‪A #‬ة ‪ #‬ا ‪C
A‬د  "‪ L‬وه‪-V‬ا ذآ ‪ r‬وا= ‪2 (B@ )D‬ول ه‪e-‬‬
‫ا‪ .8x‬آ ‪6‬ه و‪h#‬ء وا `‪ )BC‬وا أ) "! و‪0‬دة و‪ r‬وا= ‪ A‬ا
"] وا ‪0 ]"g‬ل وآ‪  I‬ا ‪6‬اح ‪ %Q= :‬ه`م ^=(‬
‫ا @ا<) ‪ = #‬د ‪ #‬إاه ‪0‬ل ‪ .`<# R 0 :‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪ 5%# W‬إ) ‪M‬آ‪ e‬أن ‪V8‬ن ‪A‬ل ا  ‪%#‬ي ‪= !"#‬ة =! أ‪"O‬‬
‫‪ )ACh LACm‬و‪X‬ا‪` L‬ا) ‪ ;0 " L D‬إ^‪T‬ح ‪ " O 5‬أي ‪= !"#‬ة" وإن ‪h g‬ه ‪OfD‬ا‪ " V‬أي وإن ‪VACm h"O‬‬
‫‪ 5ACh‬و‪X‬ا‪` V‬ا‪? TD 5‬س ‪ 5M V"#‬إ‪O‬ا‪ )D V‬ا ‪ 8‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل " وا‪ "C8 W‬ا  
‪ A‬ا "‪ " K‬أي ‪A "C8‬‬
‫‪ e0‬و‪ L‬ا‪
DU‬د أو ا‪T^U‬ح و‪ " L 0‬و  ‪X‬ء ا‪ V%#M W‬إن ا‪ " V= 282# W‬أي و  ‪X‬ء ا‪ V"# ca W‬وأ=‪VG‬‬
‫‪36‬‬

" 
=‫ل ا  إ[  ) ه) أ‬A ‫ ! " و[ ا‬C ‫ل‬0 . 
=‫  ) ه) أ‬5h gA V ‫ وأح‬V%# ]O‫ و‬V"# I@‫ و‬L%V ‫و‬
L‫ و‬W‫ء ا‬X ‫ 
ء إن‬% ‫) @رة ا‬D L )?@  ‫ آ‬6A ‫ 
أو‬8‫ل  أ‬B ‫ ن ا‬d ‫ `ط‬A‫وف إ‬C  " L%A ;‫آ‬M‫ز ا‬G ;
. ‫ ا‬.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Maysarah said that `Umar once said, "O Allah! Give us a
clear ruling regarding Al-Khamr!'' Allah sent down the Ayah of Surat Al-Baqarah: 
ِBَ‫ْ ٌ آ‬Q‫ َ€ ِإ‬5ِ ِD ْ;ُ0 ِ

ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ِ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ِ ا‬#
َ َZَ ُ"‫
َـ‬
ْ 8َ  (They ask you (O Muhammad ) concerning alcoholic
drink and gambling. Say: "In them is a great sin...)
`Umar was then summoned and the Ayah was recited to him. Yet, he still said, "O Allah! Give
us a clear ruling regarding Al-Khamr.'' Then, this Ayah that is in Surat An-Nisa' was
revealed: 
‫َـَى‬V@
ُ ُْ َ‫"َةَ َوأ‬
 ‫ُاْ [َ َْ َُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ‫َـ‬8 (O you who believe! Approach not As-Salah (the
prayer) when you are in a drunken state.) (4:43)
Then, when the prayer was called for, a person used to herald on behalf of Allah's Messenger ,
"No drunk person should attend the prayer.'' `Umar was summoned again and the Ayah was
recited to him. Yet, he still said, "O Allah! Give us a clear ruling regarding Al-Khamr.'' Then,
the Ayah that is in Surat Al-Ma'idah was revealed, `Umar was again summoned and the Ayah
was recited to him. When he reached: 
َ‫ُن‬5َ %‚A ُْ ْ ‫;ْ َأ‬5َ َD
(So, will you not then abstain) (5:91) he said, "We did abstain, we did abstain.'' This is also the
narration that Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasai collected in their books. `Ali bin AlMadini and At-Tirmidhi said that the chain of narrators for this Hadith is sound and
authentic. We will mention this Hadith again along with what Imam Ahmad collected by Abu
Hurayrah Allah's saying in Surat Al-Ma'idah: 
‫ُن‬J"ُِْ ْVُ "َC َ ُeُB%ِ َG
ْ َD ِ‫َـ‬hْ ` ‫ َ ِ; ا‬#
َ ْA ٌ{G
ْ ‫ب وَا ”[زْ َ[مُ ِر‬
ُ َ”[‫
ُ وَا‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ُ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫( ِإ  َ ا‬Intoxicants and gambling,
and Al-Ansab, and Al-Azlam are an abomination of Satan's handiwork. So avoid (strictly all)
that (abomination) in order that you may be successful.) (5:90)
Allah said: 
ِ 
ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ِ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ Z
َ َ ُ"‫
َـ‬
ْ 8َ  (They ask you (O Muhammad ) concerning alcoholic drinks and
gambling.)
As for Al-Khamr, `Umar bin Khattab, the Leader of the faithful, used to say, "It includes all
what intoxicates the mind.'' We will also mention this statement in the explanation of Surat
Al-Ma'idah, along with the topic of gambling.
Allah said: 
‫س‬%"ِ Iُ ِ ‫َـ‬%Aَ ‫ٌِ َو‬Bَ‫ٌ آ‬Qْ ‫ َ€ ِإ‬5ِ ِD ْ;ُ0 (Say: In them is a great sin, and (some) benefits for men.)
As for the harm that the Khamr and gambling cause, it effects the religion. As for their
benefit, it is material, including benefit for the body, digesting the food, getting rid of the
37

excrements, sharpening the mind, bringing about a joyous sensation and financially benefiting
from their sale. Also, (their benefit includes) earnings through gambling that one uses to spend
on his family and on himself. Yet, these benefits are outweighed by the clear harm that they
cause which affects the mind and the religion. This is why Allah said: 
َ 5ِ Cِ ْ  ِA ُ َB‫ َ€ َأ ْآ‬5ُ ُ Qْ ‫(  َوِإ‬...but the sin of them is greater than their benefit.)
This Ayah was the beginning of the process of prohibiting Khamr, not explicity, but it only
implied this meaning. So when this Ayah was recited to `Umar, he still said, "O Allah! Give us
a clear ruling regarding Al-Khamr.'' Soon after, Allah sent down a clear prohibition of Khamr
in Surat Al-Ma'idah: 
‫َـ‬hْ `
 ‫ُ ا‬8ِ8ُ َ ‫ ِإ‬- َ‫ُن‬J"ِ ُْ ْVُ "Cَ َ eُ ُBِ%َ G
ْ َD 
ِ ‫َـ‬hْ`
 ‫ َ ;ِ ا‬#
َ ْA ٌ{ْG‫ب وَا ”[زْ َ[ ُم ِر‬
ُ َ”[‫
ُ وَا‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ُ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ُاْ ِإ  َ ا‬%Aَ n َ8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8 
‫ن‬
َ ُ5َ %‚A ُْ ْ ‫;ْ َأ‬5َ َD ِ‫ِ ا "َة‬#
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ " ‫َ ِذ ْآِ ا‬# ْ‫ ُآ‬
ُ 8َ ‫ 
ِ َو‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ِ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ِ! ا‬D ‫َ€ َء‬a/ْ Bَ ْ ‫ََا َوةَ وَا‬C ْ ‫ُ ُ ا‬V%َ ْ َ Iَ ِ0ُ8 ‫أَن‬
(O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling, and Al-Ansab,
and Al-Azlam are an abomination of Shaytan's handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that
(abomination) in order that you may be successful. Shaytan wants only to excite enmity and
hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from
the remembrance of Allah and from As-Salah (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain)
(5:90, 91)
We will mention this subject, by the will of Allah, when we explain Surat Al-Ma'idah.
Ibn `Umar, Ash-Sha`bi, Mujahid, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and `Abdur-Rahman bin
Aslam stated that the first Ayah revealed about Khamr was: 
ِBَ‫ْ ٌ آ‬Q‫ َ€ ِإ‬5ِ ِD ْ;ُ0 ِ

ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ِ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ِ ا‬#
َ َZَ ُ"‫
َـ‬
ْ 8َ  (They ask you about Khamr and gambling. Say: "In them
there is great sin.'') (2:219)
Then, the Ayah in Surat An-Nisa' was revealed (on this subject) and then the Ayah in Surat
Al-Ma'idah which prohibited Khamr.
Allah said: 
ْCَ ْ ‫;ِ ا‬0ُ َ‫ ُِن‬%ُ8 ‫َذَا‬A َZَ ُ"‫
َـ‬
ْ 8َ َ‫( و‬And they ask you what they ought to spend. Say: "That which is
(spare) beyond your needs.'')
Al-Hakam said that Miqsam said that Ibn `Abbas said that this Ayah means, whatever you
can spare above the needs of your family. This is also the opinion of Ibn `Umar, Mujahid,
`Ata', `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Muhammad bin Ka`b, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Al-Qasim,
Salim, `Ata' Al-Khurasani and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas.
Ibn Jarir related that Abu Hurayrah said that a man said, "O Messenger of Allah! I have a
Dinar (a currency).'' The Prophet said:
«Zِ
َْ !"َ# Lُ ْ ِ ْ ‫( »َأ‬Spend it you on yourself.) He said, "I have another Dinar.'' He said:
«Zِ"‫َ"! َأ ْه‬# Lُ ِْ ْ ‫( »َأ‬Spend it on your wife.) He said, "I have another Dinar.'' He said:

38

«‫َ"! َوَ ِك‬# Lُ ِْ ْ َ‫( »أ‬Spend it on your offspring.) He said, "I have another Dinar.'' He said:
«َْ ‫ َأ‬R
َ ْ َ?َD» (You have better knowledge (meaning how and where to spend it in charity).)
Muslim also recorded this Hadith in his Sahih.
Muslim recorded that Jabir said that Allah's Messenger said to a man:
«‫)ْء‬X
َ Z
َ ِ َ‫َا‬0َ ‫ْ ذِي‬#
َ ;َ a
َ َD ْ‫ن‬fَِD ،َZِ َ ‫ََا‬0 ‫ِي‬-"َِD Z
َ "ِ‫ْ َأ ْه‬#
َ ‫)ْ ٌء‬X
َ ;َ َaDَ ْ‫ِن‬fDَ ،َZ"ِ‫َِ"?َ ْه‬D ‫)ْ ٌء‬X
َ ;َ َaDَ ْ‫ن‬fِDَ ،َ5ْ َ"#
َ ْ‫ق‬
َ َ Dَ َZ

ِ ْ%َ ِ ْ‫ا ْ َأ‬
‫َا‬-Vَ ‫َا وَه‬-Vَ 5َD» (Start with yourself and grant it some charity. If anything remains, then spend it on
your family. If anything remains, then spend it on your relatives. If anything remains, then
spend it like this and like that (i.e., on various charitable purposes).)
A Hadith states:
َ Lُ Vَ

ِ ْ ُ ْ‫ َوَأن‬،َZَ ٌْ O
َ َ;a
ْ َ ْ ‫ُ َل ا‬-Bْ َ ْ‫َ َأن‬Z ‫ َد َم ِإ‬n 
َ ْ ‫( »ا‬O son of Adam! If you spend
«‫َ"! َآَف‬# ُ‫ َو َ ُ"َم‬،َZ َ ” X
whatever you can spare, it would be better for you; but if you keep it, it would be worse for
you. You shall not be blamed for whatever is barely sufficient.)
Allah said: 
‫َة‬O
ِ [” ‫ُو َِ! ا ‚ َُ وَا‬Vَ َ َ ْVُ "َC َ R
ِ ‫َـ‬8x‫ ُ ا‬Vُ َ Lُ " ‫ ا‬
ُ  Bُ8 َZ ِ-َ‫( آ‬Thus Allah makes clear to you His Ayat in order
that you may give thought. In (to) this worldly life and in the Hereafter.) meaning, just as He
stated and explained these commandments for you, He also explains the rest of His Ayat
regarding the commandments and His promises and warnings, so that you might give thought
in this life and the Hereafter. `Ali bin Abu Talhah said that Ibn `Abbas commented, "Meaning
about the imminent demise and the brevity of this life, and the imminent commencement of
the Hereafter and its continuity.'' a
Allah said: 
ُVَ َ%#
ْ Mَ Lُ " ‫َ€ َء ا‬X ْ َ‫ َو‬K
ِ "ِ
ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ َ

ِ ْ ُ ْ ‫"َ ُ ا‬Cْ 8َ Lُ " ‫ُْ وَا‬Vُ َO
ْ fَِD ْ‫ُ ُه‬hِ َgُ ‫َ ٌْ َوإِن‬O ْ5ُ  ٌ‫ح‬T
َ^
ْ ‫ُ;ْ ِإ‬0 !َ ‫ ا ْ ََـ‬
ِ#
َ Z
َ َ ُ"‫
َـ‬
ْ 8َ َ‫( و‬And
they ask you concerning orphans. Say: "The best thing is to work honestly in their property,
and if you mix your affairs with theirs, then they are your brothers. And Allah knows him
who means mischief (e.g., to swallow their property) from him who means good (e.g., to save
their property). And if Allah had wished, He could have put you into difficulties.)
Ibn Jarir reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "When the Ayat: 
َ
=
ْ ‫! َأ‬
َ ‫َلَ ا ْ َِ ِ ِإ [ ِ ِ! ِه‬A ْ‫(  َو َ[ َْ َُا‬And come not near to the orphan's property, except to
improve it.) (6:152) and 
‫ًِا‬C@
َ ‫ن‬
َ ْ"ََْ @
َ ‫ْ َرًا َو‬5ِ ُِhُ !ِD ‫ن‬
َ ُ"ُ‫َ ْ?آ‬8 َ  ‫ َ َل ا ْ ََـ َ! ‘ُ"ْ ً ِإ‬Aْ ‫َ ْ? ُآ"ُنَ َأ‬8 
َ 8ِ- ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ِإ‬
(Verily, those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, they eat up only fire into their
bellies, and they will be burnt in the blazing Fire!) (4:10) were revealed, those who took care
of some orphans, separated their food and drink from the orphans' food and drink. When
some of the orphans' food and drink remained, they would keep it for them until they eat it or
otherwise get spoiled. This situation was difficult for them and they mentioned this subject to
Allah's Messenger .
39 

ُVُ َO
ْ ِfDَ ْ‫ُ ُه‬hِ َgُ ‫َ ٌْ َوإِن‬O ْ5ُ  ٌ‫ح‬T
َ^
ْ ‫ُ;ْ ِإ‬0 !َ ‫ ا ْ ََـ‬
ِ#
َ Z
َ َ ُ"‫
َـ‬
ْ 8َ َ‫( و‬And they ask you concerning orphans.
Say: "The best thing is to work honestly in their property, and if you mix your affairs with
theirs, then they are your brothers.) Hence, they joined their food and drink with the food and
drink of the orphans.'' This Hadith was also collected by Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'i and AlHakim in his Mustadrak. Several others said similarly about the circumstances surrounding
the revelation of the Ayah (2:220), including Mujahid, `Ata', Ash-Sha`bi, Ibn Abu Layla,
Qatadah and others among the Salaf and those after them.
Ibn Jarir reported that `A'ishah said, "I dislike that an orphan's money be under my care,
unless I mix my food with his food and my drink with his drink.''
Allah said: 
ْO
َ ْ5ُ  ٌ‫ح‬T
َ^
ْ ‫;ْ ِإ‬0ُ  (Say: The best thing is to work honestly in their property.) meaning, on the
one hand (i.e., this is required in any case). Allah then said: 
ْVُ ُ َO
ْ ِfDَ ْ‫ُ ُه‬h َِgُ ‫ َوإِن‬
(...and if you mix your affairs with theirs, then they are your brothers.) meaning, there is no
harm if you mix your food and drink with their food and drink, since they are your brothers
in the religion. This is why Allah said afterwards: 
Kِ"
ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ َ

ِ ْ ُ ْ ‫َْ" ُ ا‬C8َ Lُ " ‫( وَا‬And Allah knows (the one) who means mischief (e.g., to swallow their
property) from (the one) who means good (e.g., to save their property). ) meaning, He knows
those whose intent is to cause mischief or righteousness. He also said: 
ِV=
َ ٌ28ِ2َ# Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ْ ِإ‬Vُ َ %َ #
ْ Mَ Lُ " ‫َ€ َء ا‬X ْ ََ‫( و‬And if Allah had wished, He could have put you into
difficulties. Truly, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise) meaning, if Allah wills, He will make this
matter difficult for you. But, He made it easy for you, and allowed you to mix your affairs
with the orphans' affairs in a way that is better. Similarly, Allah said: 
َ
=
ْ ‫! َأ‬
َ ‫َلَ ا ْ َِ ِ ِإ [ ِ ِ! ِه‬A ْ‫(  َو َ[ َْ َُا‬And come not near to the orphan's property, except to
improve it.) (6:152)
Allah has thus allowed spending from the orphan's estate by its executor, in reasonable
proportions, on the condition that he has the intention to compensate the orphan later on,
when he can afford it. We will mention about it in detail in Surat An-Nisa' by Allah's will.

40

6. QS Al Baqarah 2:233 
{َْ ]
ُ "َVُ [َ ‫ف‬
ِ ‫ُو‬Cْ َ ْ ِ 
 5ُ ُ َ

ْ ِ‫ َوآ‬
 5ُ ُ0‫ رِ ْز‬Lُ َ ‫"َ! ا ْ َ ْ ُ ِد‬#َ‫ و‬.َ #
َ َd ‫ُ ِ ا‬8 ‫ ِ َ ْ َأرَا َد أَن‬
ِ ْ َ"Aِ َ‫=ْ َ ِْ آ‬
َ ‫ َأوْ َـَ ُه‬
َ Cْ d
ِ ْ8ُ ‫ت‬
ُ َ َِ ْ ‫وَا‬
‫َح‬%ُG َTDَ ‫ َ وَ َ`َوُ ٍر‬5ُ ْ%A ٍ‫َ ََاض‬# [ً َِD ‫نْ َأرَادَا‬fِDَ َZ ِ‫ِ ْ ُ; ذ‬A ‫ث‬
ِ ‫"َ! ا ْ َا ِر‬#
َ ‫ َو‬eِ ِ ََ ِ Lُ  ٌ‫ْ ُد‬Aَ [َ ‫َ€ ر وَِ َةٌ ِ ََ ِهَ َو‬aُ [َ َ5Cَ @
ْ ‫ِإ [ ُو‬
‫ْ َ "ُن‬Cَ َ ِ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫"َ ُاْ َأ‬#
ْ ‫َ وَا‬L" ‫ف وَا ُاْ ا‬
ِ ‫ُو‬Cْ َ ْ ِ ُْ َ ‫€ ءَا‬A ُ ْ "@
َ ‫ْ ِإذَا‬Vُ ْ "ََ# ‫ح‬
َ َ%ُG T
َ Dَ ْ‫ُاْ َأوْ َـ َ ُآ‬Cd
ِ َْ

ْ َ ‫ َ َوِإنْ َأرَد ‚ْ أَن‬5ِ ْ َ"َ# 
َِ 
2:233. Para ibu hendaklah menyusukan anak-anaknya selama dua tahun penuh, yaitu bagi
yang ingin menyempurnakan penyusuan. Dan kewajiban ayah memberi makan dan pakaian
kepada para ibu dengan cara yang makruf. Seseorang tidak dibebani melainkan menurut
kadar kesanggupannya. Janganlah seorang ibu menderita kesengsaraan karena anaknya dan
juga seorang ayah karena anaknya, dan waris pun berkewajiban demikian. Apabila
keduanya ingin menyapih (sebelum dua tahun) dengan kerelaan keduanya dan
permusyawaratan, maka tidak ada dosa atas keduanya. Dan jika kamu ingin anakmu
disusukan oleh orang lain, maka tidak ada dosa bagimu apabila kamu memberikan
pembayaran menurut yang patut. Bertakwalah kepada Allah dan ketahuilah bahwa Allah
Maha Melihat apa yang kamu kerjakan.
n(233. The mothers should suckle their children for two whole years, (that is) for those
(parents) who desire to complete the term of suckling, but the father of the child shall bear the
cost of the mother's food and clothing on a reasonable basis. No person shall have a burden
laid on him greater than he can bear. No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her
child, nor father on account of his child. And on the (father's) heir is incumbent the like of
that (which was incumbent on the father). If they both decide on weaning, by mutual consent,
and after due consultation, there is no sin on them. And if you decide on a foster sucklingmother for your children, there is no sin on you, provided you pay (the mother) what you
agreed (to give her) on a reasonable basis. And fear Allah and know that Allah is All-Seer of
what you do.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
]"Vَ ُ َ ‫ف‬
ِ ‫ُْو‬C َ ْ ِ 5ُ ُ َ ْ
‫ َو ِآ‬
 5ُ ُ0ْ‫ ِرز‬Lُ َ ِ‫"َ! ا ْ َ ْ ُد‬#
َ ‫ َو‬.َ #
َ َd ‫ ِ ا‬8ُ ْ‫ ِ َ ْ َأرَا َد َأن‬
ِ ْ "َAِ َ‫ آ‬
ِ ْ ََْ= 
 ‫ َأوْ َ َد ُه‬
َ Cْ d
ِ ْ8ُ ‫ت‬
ُ ‫وَا ْ َاِ َا‬ 
َ"Dَ ‫ َ َو َ`َوُ ٍر‬5ُ ْ%Aِ ‫ض‬
ٍ ‫ْ ََا‬#
َ ً َِD ‫نْ َأرَادَا‬fِDَ َZ ِ‫ ْ ُ; َذ‬Aِ ِ‫"َ! ا ْ َا ِرث‬#
َ ‫ِ َو‬eِ ََ ِ Lُ َ ٌ‫ْ ُد‬Aَ َ ‫َ ر وَاِ َةٌ ِ َ َ ِهَ َو‬aُ َ َ5Cَ @
ْ ‫َ ْ{ٌ ِإ  ُو‬ 
َ ِ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫َْ" ُا َأ‬#‫ وَا‬Lَ " ‫ف وَا ُا ا‬
ِ ‫ُو‬Cْ َ ْ ِ ُْ َْ n َA ُْ ْ "@
َ ‫ْ ِإذَا‬Vُ ْ"َ#
َ ‫ح‬
َ َ%ُG َ"Dَ ْ‫ُا َأوْ َ َد ُآ‬Cd
ِ َْ

ْ َ ْ‫ َ َوِإنْ َأ َردْ ُْ َأن‬5ِ ْ "ََ# ‫ح‬
َ َ%ُG 
َِ َ‫ َ "ُن‬Cْ َ 
" ‫ل‬0 ‫ا‬-5 ‫ و‬Z ‫ ذ‬C .#d  ‫ر‬B#‫ ا‬TD ‫ن‬%@ )‫ وه‬.#d ‫ أو[ده آ ل ا‬Cd8 ‫ ! "ا ات أن‬C W‫ ا‬A ‫د‬X‫ا إر‬-‫ه‬
e #‫ ا  د و‬Ia‫" ار‬D  J ‫ آن دون ا‬A [‫ إ‬.#d ‫ ا‬A ‫م‬J8 [ L‫ إ ! أ‬. <M‫ " وذه( أآ ا‬.#d ‫ ا‬8 ‫أراد أن‬
.‫ا‬# ‫ أ‬%Q= .B0 %Q= " J ‫ دون ا‬/ ‫) ا‬D [‫م إ‬J [ .#d ‫ء أن ا‬G A ‫ " ب‬: ‫ي‬-A ‫ل ا‬0 ‫م‬J8   50D
‫ع‬d ‫ ا‬A ‫م‬J8 [ " : "@‫ و‬L n‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : R 0 . "@ ‫ أم‬# ‫ر‬-% ‫ ا‬R% . mD # ‫وة‬#  ‫ ه`م‬#
‫ب ر@ل‬J^‫ أ‬A "C ‫ أآ أه; ا‬%# ‫ا‬-‫"! ه‬# ; C ‫ وا‬KJ^ 
= o8= ‫ا‬-‫م " ه‬h ‫; ا‬B0 ‫) ا ي وآن‬D ‫ء‬CAM‫ ا‬cD A [‫إ‬
‫م‬J8 [ LfD "AV ‫  ا‬J ‫ ا‬C ‫ آن‬A‫  و‬J ‫ آن دون ا‬A [‫م إ‬J [ .#d ‫ه أن ا‬r‫ و‬- "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ا‬
L G‫ ور‬o8J ‫ا ا‬-‫ ه‬.8‫ي وا‬-A ‫ " د ا‬R"0 " .‫وة‬#  ‫أة ه`م‬A‫ام وه) ا‬C ‫  ا‬2 ‫ر  ا‬-% ‫ ا‬R% . mD‫  و‬X
e‫ي روا‬- ‫ ا‬o8J ‫) ا‬D ‫ء‬G  ‫  آ‬J ‫; ا‬B0 .#d ‫; ا‬JA )D ‫) ا ي " أي‬D ‫ آن‬A [‫ " إ‬L 0 !%CA‫ و‬JJ ‫ط ا‬X !"#
L n‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- )B% ‫ت إاه ا ا‬A  : ‫ل‬0 ‫زب‬#  ‫اء‬B ‫ ا‬# RQ  ‫ي‬# # .BCX # ‫ر‬%r‫ و‬I‫ وآ‬#  =‫أ‬
‫م‬T
‫ ا‬L"# ‫ل‬0  ‫ وإ‬.BCX o8= A ‫ري‬gB ‫ ا‬LGO‫ا أ‬-V‫ " وه‬.%6 ‫) ا‬D CdA L ‫) ا ي إن‬D ‫ت‬A )%‫ل " إن ا‬0 - "@‫و‬
)%h0‫ ا ار‬e‫ روا‬A e8E8‫ و‬L#d‫ ; ر‬V )%C8 CdA L ‫ل إن‬D 5X‫`ة أ‬#‫ و‬.%@ L ‫ت و‬A ‫م‬T
‫ ا‬L"# ‫ إاه‬L%‫ن ا‬M Z ‫ذ‬
41

- "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# ‫ر‬%8‫ و  د‬# # .%#  ‫ @ن‬# ; G  5 ‫ ا‬c8m A
" R"0 " .vD= .Q ‫ ; وه‬G  5 ‫ ا‬r .%# ‫ ا‬# e%
8  ‫ل و‬0 Q "  J ‫) ا‬D ‫ آن‬A [‫ع إ‬d ‫ ا‬A ‫م‬J8 [ "
‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# .AV# # ‫ر‬Q # ‫ ا راوردي‬e‫ وروا‬#DA ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# 8‫ر  ز‬Q # ?m ‫) ا‬D Z A ‫م‬AU‫ ا‬e‫ روا‬0‫و‬
W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 G # ) 
h ‫ل أ داود ا‬0‫ و‬. K^‫ا أ‬-‫"{ `)ء " وه‬D  J ‫ ا‬C ‫ آن‬A‫وزاد " و‬
‫ أن‬A# )D L D‫ ! " و‬C L 0 )D o8J ‫ا ا‬-‫ ه‬A . [ ‫م " و م ا‬T=‫ ا‬C 8 [‫ل و‬D C ‫ع‬d‫ " [ ر‬- "@‫ و‬L"# 
‫س وا‬B# ‫") وا‬# # ‫وى‬8  J ‫ ا‬C ‫م‬J [ .#d ‫ا " وا ل ?ن ا‬5X ‫ن‬QTQ L D‫ و‬L" =‫ل " و‬0‫ ) " و‬VX‫ا‬
‫ق‬J@‫) وأ=  وإ‬CD` ‫ه( ا‬-A ‫ر وه‬5 6 ‫ء وا‬h#‫  ا 
( و‬C@‫ و‬. "@ ‫  وأم‬# ‫ة وا‬8‫ وأ) ه‬G‫د و‬C
A
‫ن‬%@ .%= ‫ل أ‬0‫ و‬. 5X‫ أ‬.QTQ‫ و‬.8‫) روا‬D‫ان و‬5X‫ن و‬%@ LA ‫ أن‬L%#‫ و‬.8‫) روا‬D Z A‫  و‬JA‫@] و‬8 )‫وا ري وأ‬
‫) دون‬B ‫ ا‬hD  ‫ و‬: Z A ‫ل‬0 )#‫وزا‬M‫ ا‬# .8‫ا روا‬-‫ وه‬%@ ‫ث‬TQ ! fD Id8 ‫ دام‬A ;8-5 ‫  ا‬D‫ل ز‬0‫ و‬5X‫ أ‬.@‫و‬ 
5‫") أ‬#‫  و‬# # ‫ روي‬0‫) و‬#‫وزا‬M‫ ا‬# .8‫م وه روا‬Ch ‫ ا‬. 2%  ‫ ^ر‬0 LM ‫م‬J8  L D C ‫أة‬A‫ ا‬LCd‫?ر‬D  J ‫ا‬
Z A ‫; آل‬C ‫  أرادا ا‬5‫ ; أ‬J8‫ و‬h8  ‫ أو‬hD ‫ر @اء‬5 6 ‫  آل ا‬J ‫  أرادا ا‬5‫ ; أ‬JD ‫ل‬D C ‫ع‬d‫ [ ر‬: [0
‫ء‬h# ‫ل‬0 ‫ وه‬8J ‫) ا‬D QE8 BV ‫ع ا‬d‫ ى ر‬R‫ آ‬5‫ أ‬5%# W‫) ا‬d‫ ر‬.`<# # JJ ‫) ا‬D ‫ روي‬0‫ و‬. "#‫ أ‬W‫وا‬
Z ‫) ذ‬D ŒJ‫ و‬LCdD 5< 
‰CB ‫ل‬G ‫ ا‬A 5"# ;O8 ‫ر أن‬g   A? .`<# R‫ وآ‬C@  o" ‫ أ) رح وا‬ 
5"# ;O8 ‫ن‬VD ‫ا‬B‫ وآن آ‬LCd ‫ أن‬.8-= )‫أة أ‬A‫ ا‬- "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- )B% ‫ ا‬A‫ أ‬o= .8-= )‫ ! أ‬A  @ o8J
.6=‫ر و‬5 6 ‫ل ا‬0 ‫<‡ وه‬g ‫ ا‬A Z ‫ ذ‬8‫ ورأ‬- "@‫ و‬L n‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- )B% ‫ @< أزواج ا‬Z ‫ وأ! ذ‬.#d ‫ ا‬Z"
‫ @ى‬- "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ و@< أزواج ر@ل ا‬.J ‫ ا‬A ‫آ‬M‫ وا‬.CB
‫ء ا‬5 ‫ وا‬.C‫ر‬M‫ ا‬. <M‫ر وه ا‬5 6 ‫ا‬ 
A .#d ‫  ا‬fD V‫ا‬O‫ إ‬A ‫ن‬Y‫ " ا‬: ‫ل‬0 - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ أن ر@ل ا‬.`<# # JJ ‫) ا‬D RBQ A .`<#
" V%Cd‫) أر‬T ‫ ا‬V5A‫ ! " وأ‬C L 0 %# BV ‫ع ا‬d c"C8  D‫ع و‬d ‫ 
<; ا‬A !"# ‫م‬TV ‫ " و@?) ا‬.#6 ‫ا‬
‫ت‬G   ‫وف أي‬C  5
‫ ا ا ات وآ‬. ;h ‫"! وا  ا‬#‫وف" أي و‬C  5
‫ وآ‬50‫ رز‬L ‫"! ا  د‬#‫" و‬L 0‫و‬
.C@ ‫ ذو‬c% " ! C ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬e‫ر‬0‫ وإ‬Lh@‫ و‬e‫ 
ر‬8 )D L‫ر‬0 (
J ‫ر‬0‫ إ@اف و[ إ‬r A ‫) "ه‬D 5 A‫دة أ‬# L
‫ إذا‬: ‫ك‬Ja ‫ل ا‬0 " ‫ 
ا‬8 
# C W‫; ا‬C6@ ‫ه‬n A [‫  
إ‬W‫"] ا‬V8 [ W‫ ا‬en  A c%"D L0‫ رز‬L"# ‫ر‬0 A‫ و‬LC@ A
‫ر وا ة  ه " أي‬a [ " L 0‫ و‬. ‫وف‬C  5
‫ وآ‬5  ‫"! ا ا‬# (G‫ و‬e ‫ و‬L RCd‫?ر‬D  ‫ و‬5%A L ‫ و‬LG‫ زو‬c"m 
5 ‫ا‬-‫ ه‬C Q B r L ‫و‬% ‫ ون‬wC8 [ ‫ي‬- ‫ ا‬B" ‫ ا‬L 
!= L ‫ إذا و‬LCD‫ د‬5 { V ‫ و‬L e‫ أ‬a 5%# LCD ‫?ن‬
[‫ل" و‬0 ‫ا‬-5 ‫ و‬5 ‫ار‬a ‫د ا‬6 5%A L#‫ا‬2‫ ا‬L ;J8 [  ‫ آ‬Z ‫ ذ‬5 ;J8 TD LM ‫رة‬aA R‫ إن آ‬V ‫ءت و‬X ‫ إذا‬5%# LCD‫د‬ 
‫هي وا 
ي وا ري وا‬2 ‫ك وا‬Ja ‫دة وا‬0‫ه و‬6A L 0 5 ‫ارا‬d‫ إ‬5%A   ‫ع ا‬2%8 ‫ أن‬88 ‫ " أي ?ن‬e  L ‫ د‬A
L"# ;0‫ك و‬Ja ‫) وا‬BC` ‫ه وا‬6A L 0 LB8 ‫ار‬a ‫م ا‬# )D ;0 " Z ‫; ذ‬A ‫"! ا ارث‬#‫ ! " و‬C L 0‫ و‬. ‫ه‬r‫ و‬8‫ز‬
Z ‫ ا@! ذ‬0‫ر و‬5 6 ‫ل ا‬0 ‫ وه‬5 ‫ار‬dU‫م ا‬#‫ و‬50J ‫; وا م‬h ‫"! وا ة ا‬# ‫ق‬U‫ ا‬A ;h ‫"! وا  ا‬# A ;A
‫وي‬A ‫‰ وه‬C !"# 5aC ‫رب‬0M‫ ا‬. ‫ب‬G‫ إ ! و‬."B%J ‫ وا‬.%J ‫ ا‬A (‫ ذه‬A Z - ‫ ا@ل‬0‫ و‬e 
)D 8G ‫ا‬ 
0‫ " و‬L"# c# ‫م‬JA =‫ ذا ر‬Z"A A " #DA ‫ @ ة‬# 
J ‫ ا‬o8J Z ‫ ذ‬KX8‫ر ا
"] و‬5 G‫ب و‬hg ‫   ا‬# #
L‫ أ‬. "# # ‫ إاه‬# w #M‫ ا‬# ‫ل @ن ا ري‬0‫ و‬L"# ‫ أو‬L )D A‫ت ا   إ‬d  ‫  ر‬J ‫ ا‬C .#d ‫ذآ أن ا‬
‫ن‬fD ‫  " أي‬5"# ‫ح‬%G TD ‫  و`ور‬5%A ‫ اض‬# [D ‫ن أرادا‬fD " L 0‫ و‬. LCd [ ‫ل‬D  J ‫ ا‬C Id ‫أة‬A‫رأى ا‬
Z ‫) ذ‬D  5"# ‫ح‬%G TD L"# C G‫ وأ‬Z ‫) ذ‬D ‫ و`ورا‬L .J"A Z ‫) ذ‬D 8‫  ورأ‬J ‫; ا‬B0 LAhD !"# ;h ‫ وا ا ا‬c‫ا‬
‫ ا ري‬L 0 .Ox‫`ورة ا‬A r A Z - B
8 ‫  أن‬5%A =‫ز ا‬68 [‫) و‬V8 [ Ox‫ دون ا‬Z -  ‫ إن اد أ=ه‬L%A -OED 
5"m . )D 8 ‫"! ا ا‬# 6= o= e‫د‬BC W‫ ا‬. =‫ ر‬A ‫ وه‬eA‫) أ‬D Y%" ‫ام‬2 ‫; وإ‬h" ‫ ا=ط‬LD ‫ا‬-‫ وه‬er‫و‬
‫وف وإن‬C  V% ‫ره وا< وا‬G‫€ه أ‬D V Cd‫ن أر‬fD "‫ق‬Th ‫) @رة ا‬D ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬LJ"8‫  و‬5J"8 A ! ‫ه  إ‬X‫وأر‬
" ‫وف‬C  n A  "@ ‫ إذا‬V"# ‫ح‬%G TD ‫ا أو[دآ‬Cd 
‫ ! " وإن أرد أن‬C L 0‫ و‬. " ‫ى‬O‫ أ‬L Id
D @C 
5%A L B0 )D L"# [‫ و‬L - )D  5"# ‫ح‬%G TD L ‫ر‬-C ‫ أو‬5%A ‫ر‬-C A‫ ا   إ‬5%A "
8 ‫"! أن‬#  ‫ ا ا ة وا ا‬R‫أي إذا ا‬
‫ " أي‬W‫ " واا ا‬L 0‫ و‬.=‫ وا‬r L 0 ‫وف‬C  ‫ة‬GM ‫ه‬r e  Id@‫  ) ه) أ= 
وا‬.d ‫ ا‬5G‫ أ‬5 "@ ‫إذا‬ 
V ‫ا‬0‫ وأ‬V ‫ أ=ا‬A ‫)ء‬X L"# !g8 TD ‫ "ن  " أي‬C   W‫" ا أن ا‬#‫ " وا‬V ‫ أ=ا‬I G )D .
This is a direction from Allah to the mothers to suckle their infants through the complete term
of suckling, which is two years. Hence, suckling after two years is not included in this address.
Allah said: 
َ.#
َ َd ‫ُ ِ  ا‬8 ‫ِ َ ْ َأرَادَ أَن‬
(...who desire to complete the term of suckling,)
Therefore, the suckling that establishes Tahrim (prohibition, i.e., one cannot marry his mother
or sister from suckling) is what occurs before the two years end. If the infant is suckled only
42

after two years of age, then no Tahrim will be established. At-Tirmidhi under Chapter:
`Suckling establishes Tahrim within the first two years,' reported that Umm Salamah
narrated that Allah's Messenger said:
«‫َم‬hِ ْ ‫ َ; ا‬Bْ 0َ َ‫ِ) ا ْيِ َوآَن‬D َ‫َء‬CAْ ?َ ْ ‫ ا‬c
َ َ َD َA  ‫َعِ ِإ‬d ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ْ ُ ُم‬Jَ8 َ »
(Suckling establishes Tahrim if it is on the breast and before Fitam (before weaning, i.e.,
before the end of the first two years).)
At-Tirmidhi said, "This Hadith is Hasan Sahih. The majority of the people of knowledge
among the Companions of Allah's Messenger and others acted upon this, that is that suckling
establishes Tahrim (prohibition in marriage) before the end of the two years and that
whatever occurs after that does not establish Tahrim". At-Tirmidhi is alone in recording this
Hadith and the narrators in its chain meet the criteria of the Sahihayn. The Prophet's
statement:
«‫ِ) ا ْي‬D ‫ن‬
َ َ‫َ آ‬A  ‫»ِإ‬
(On the breast) refers to the organ of suckling before the two years. Imam Ahmad reported a
Hadith in which Al-Bara' bin `Azib narrated, "When Ibrahim, the Prophet's son, died, the
Prophet said:
«.‫ـ‬%َ6 ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D ًCd
ِ ْAُ Lُ َ ‫ن‬
 ‫ ِإ‬،ِ‫ِ) ا ْي‬D ‫ت‬
َ َA )ِ%ْ ‫ن ا‬
 ‫»ِإ‬
(My son has died on the breast and he has someone to suckle him in Paradise.)
Furthermore, Ad-Daraqutni related that Ibn `Abbas said that Allah's Messenger said:
«َْ ْJ
َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D َ‫َ آَن‬A  ِ‫ع إ‬
ِ َd ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ُ‫ْ ُم‬J8َ َ »
(Suckling establishes Tahrim only within the (first) two years.)
Imam Malik reported this Hadith from Thawr bin Zayd who narrated that Ibn `Abbas
related it to the Prophet . Ad-Darawardi reported this Hadith from Thawr who narrated it
from `Ikrimah who narrated it from Ibn `Abbas. In this narration, which is more authentic,
he added:
«‫`)ْء‬
َ ِ {
َ ْ "َD 
ِ ْ َْJ
َ ْ ‫َ ا‬Cْ َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫َ آ‬A‫» َو‬
(Whatever occurs after the two years is not considered.)
It is reported in the Sahih that `A'ishah thought that if a woman gives her milk to an older
person (meaning beyond the age of two years) then this will establish Tahrim. This is also the
opinion of `Ata' bin Abu Rabah and Layth bin Sa`d. Hence, `A'ishah thought that it is
permissible to suckle the man whom the woman needs to be allowed in her house. She used as
evidence the Hadith of Salim, the freed slave of Abu Hudhayfah, where the Prophet ordered
Abu Hudhayfah's wife to give some of her milk to Salim, although he was a man, and ever
since then, he used to enter her house freely. However, the rest of the Prophet's wives did not
agree with this opinion and thought that this was only a special case. This is also the opinion of
the majority of the scholars.
43

Allah said: 
ِ‫ُْوف‬C َ ْ ِ 
 5ُ ُ َ

ْ ِ‫ َوآ‬
 5ُ 0ُ ْ‫ ِرز‬Lُ َ ‫"َ! ا ْ َ ْ ُ ِد‬#َ‫و‬
(...but the father of the child shall bear the cost of the mother's food and clothing on a
reasonable basis.) meaning, the father of the baby is obliged to provide for the expenses of the
mother and to buy her clothes, in reasonable amounts usually used by similar women in that
area, without extravagance or stinginess. The father spends within his means in this case.
Allah said in another Ayah: 

ًْا‬8ُ ٍ

ْ #
ُ َCْ َ Lُ " ‫ ُ; ا‬Cَ ْ6َ @
َ َ‫َ€ ءَاَه‬A [ ‫ َْ
ً ِإ‬Lُ " ‫] ا‬
ُ "Vَ 8ُ [َ Lُ " ‫ُ ا‬eَ‫ € ءَا‬Aِ ْcِ%ُ"ْ َD Lُ 0ُ ْ‫ ِرز‬Lِ ْ "ََ# ‫ِ َر‬0ُ َA‫ َو‬Lِ ِ Cَ @
َ A .ٍ Cَ @
َ ‫ْ ذُو‬cِ %ُ ِ
(Let the rich man spend according to his means; and the man whose resources are restricted,
let him spend according to what Allah has given him. Allah puts no burden on any person
beyond what He has given him. Allah will grant after hardship, ease.) (65:7)
Ad-Dahhak commented, "If the husband divorces his wife, with whom he had a child, and she
suckles that child, he is required to provide for the mother's expenses and clothes within
reason.''
Allah said: 
َ‫َ€ر َوِ َةٌ ِ َ َ ِه‬aُ [َ 
(No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her child,) meaning, the mother should not
decline to rear her child to harm its father. The mother does not have the right to refrain from
suckling the child after giving birth, unless she suckles him/her the milk that is necessary for
his/her survival. Later on, she is allowed to give up custody of the child as long as she does not
do that intending to harm the father. In addition, the father is not allowed to take the child
from his mother to harm the mother. This is why Allah said: 
ِeِ ََ ِ Lُ  ٌ‫ْ ُد‬Aَ [َ ‫ َو‬
(...nor father on account of his child.) meaning, by taking the child from its mother intending
to harm the mother. This is the Tafsir of Mujahid, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, Az-Zuhri, As-Suddi,
Ath-Thawri and Ibn Zayd, and others on this Ayah.
Allah then said: 
َZ ِ‫ ْ ُ; ذ‬Aِ ‫ث‬
ِ ِ‫َ"َ! ا َْار‬#‫ َو‬
(And on the (father's) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father).)
meaning, by refraining from harming the relative (of the father, i.e., his infant), as Mujahid,
Ash-Sha`bi and Ad-Dahhak stated. It was also reported that (the Ayah requires) the inheritor
(of the father) to spend on the mother of the child, just as the father was spending, and to
preserve her rights and refrain from harming her, according to the Tafsir of the majority of
the scholars. We should state that Ibn Jarir has explained this subject in detail in his Tafsir
and that he also stated that suckling the child after the second year might harm the child's
body and mind. Sufyan Ath-Thawri narrated that `Alqamah asked a woman who was
suckling her child after the second year ended, not to do that.
44

Allah said: 
َ 5ِ ْ َ"#
َ ‫ح‬
َ َ%ُG T
َ Dَ ‫ُ َ َو َ`َوُ ٍر‬5%ْ A ‫ض‬
ٍ ‫َ ََا‬# [ً َDِ ‫ِنْ َأرَادَا‬fDَ  (If they both decide on weaning, by mutual
consent, and after due consultation, there is no sin on them.)
This Ayah indicates that if the father and the mother decide on the Fitam (weaning) before the
two years (of suckling) end, and for a benefit that they duly discuss and agree upon, then there
is no sin in this case. So, the Ayah indicates that one parent is not allowed to make this kind of
decision without duly consulting the other parent, as stated by Ath-Thawri. The method of
mutual consultation protects the child's interests. It is also a mercy from Allah to His servants,
for He has legislated the best method for parents to rear their children, and His legislation
guides and directs the parents and the children to success. Similarly, Allah said in Surat AtTalaq (chapter 65 in the Qur'an): 
‫َْى‬O‫ ُأ‬Lُ َ Iُ d
ِ ُْ

َ Dَ ُْ ْ@
َ َCَ ‫ف َوإِن‬
ٍ ‫ُو‬Cْ َ ِ ْVُ %َ ْ َ ْ‫ َوأْ َ ِ ُوا‬
 ‫ُ َر ُه‬G‫ ُأ‬
 ‫ـَُ ُه‬Dَ ْVُ َ 
َ ْCd
َ ْ‫نْ َأر‬fِDَ 
(Then if they give suck to the children for you, give them their due payment, and let each of
you accept the advice of the other in a just way. But if you make difficulties for one another,
then some other woman may give suck for him (the father of the child).) (65:6)
Allah then said: 
ِ‫ُوف‬Cْ َ ْ ِ ُْ َ ‫€ ءَا‬A ُ ْ "@
َ ‫ْ ِإذَا‬Vُ ْ "َ#
َ ‫ح‬
َ َ%G
ُ T
َ Dَ ْ‫ُاْ َأوْ َـ َ ُآ‬Cd
ِ َْ ْ 
َ ‫ َوِإنْ َأرَد ‚ْ أَن‬
(And if you decide on a foster suckling-mother for your children, there is no sin on you,
provided you pay (the mother) what you agreed (to give her) on a reasonable basis.) meaning,
if the mother and the father both agree that the father assumes custody of the child due to a
circumstance that compels her or allows him to do so, then there is no sin in this case. Hence,
the mother is allowed to give up the child and the father is allowed to assume custody of the
child. The father should kindly give the mother her expenses for the previous period (during
which she reared and suckled the child), and he should seek other women to suckle his child
for monetary compensation. Thereafter, Allah said: 
L" ‫( وَا ُاْ ا‬And fear Allah) meaning, in all of your affairs, 
َِ ‫ن‬
َ ُ" َ Cْ َ َ ِ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫َ" ُاْ َأ‬#
ْ ‫( وَا‬And know that Allah is All-Seer of what you do.) meaning, none of
your affairs or speech escapes His perfect Watch.

45

7. QS Al Baqarah 2:153-158 

8ِِB‫ ا ـ‬Iَ Aَ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫"َةِ ِإ‬
 ‫ْ ِ وَا‬B
 ِ ْ‫ُا‬%ِCَ @
ْ ‫ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ‫َـ‬8
- ‫ُون‬Cُ `
ْ َ [ ِV ََ‫َاتٌ َ;ْ َأ=َْءٌ و‬Aْ ‫ َأ‬Lِ " ‫ ِ; ا‬Bَ@ !ِD ;ُ َْ 8ُ َ ِ ْ‫ َو َ[ َُ ُا‬ 
8ِBِ ‫` ِ ا ـ‬ 
َ َ‫ت و‬
ِ َ َ  ‫{ وَا‬
ِ ُ ”[‫َا ِل وَا‬Aَ [” ‫َ ا‬A ‡
ٍ َْ ‫ُعِ َو‬6 ْ ‫َفْ وَا‬g ْ ‫ ا‬
َ A ‫) ٍء‬
ْ `
َ ِ ُV َ "ُBْ %َ َ ‫َو‬
- ‫ن‬CِG‫ َر‬Lِ ْ َ ‫ َوِإـ€ ِإ‬Lِ " ِ ‫َ ُاْ ِإ‬0 .ٌ Bَ ِA‚ ُ5ْ َB‫ َأ^َـ‬nَ‫ ِإذ‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ا‬
- ‫ْ َُون‬5 ُ ْ ‫َ ُه ُ ا‬Zِ ‫ َوأُو َـ‬.ٌ َ =
ْ ‫ْ وَ َر‬5ِ ْ ‫ ر‬A ٌ‫ْ ^ََ" َت‬5ِ ْ "ََ# Z
َ ِ ‫ أُو َـ‬ 
ِ"#
َ ٌ‫َ ِآ‬X Lَ " ‫ن ا‬fِDَ ‫َ ًْا‬O ‫ع‬
َ  h
َ َ َA‫ َ َو‬5ِ ِ ‫ف‬
َ  h8َ ‫ أَن‬Lِ ْ َ"#
َ ‫ح‬
َ َ%ُG T
َ Dَ َ َ َ #
ْ ‫ َأ ِو ا‬R
َ ْ Bَ ْ ‫Œ ا‬
=
َ ْ َ Dَ Lِ " ‫َ€<ِ ِ ا‬CX
َ ِA ‫َ وَا ْ َ ْ َو َة‬
 ‫ ِإن ا‬
2:153. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, mintalah pertolongan (kepada Allah) dengan sabar
dan (mengerjakan) salat, sesungguhnya Allah beserta orang-orang yang sabar.
2:154. Dan janganlah kamu mengatakan terhadap orang-orang yang gugur di jalan Allah,
(bahwa mereka itu) mati; bahkan (sebenarnya) mereka itu hidup, tetapi kamu tidak
menyadarinya.
2:155. Dan sungguh akan Kami berikan cobaan kepadamu, dengan sedikit ketakutan,
kelaparan, kekurangan harta, jiwa dan buah-buahan. Dan berikanlah berita gembira kepada
orang-orang yang sabar,
2:156. (yaitu) orang-orang yang apabila ditimpa musibah, mereka mengucapkan, "Innaa
lillaahi wa innaa ilaihi raaji`uun"
2:157. Mereka itulah yang mendapat keberkatan yang sempurna dan rahmat dari Tuhan
mereka, dan mereka itulah orang-orang yang mendapat petunjuk.
2:158. Sesungguhnya Safa dan Marwah adalah sebahagian dari syi`ar Allah. Maka barang
siapa yang beribadah haji ke Baitullah atau ber-`umrah, maka tidak ada dosa baginya
mengerjakan sai antara keduanya. Dan barang siapa yang mengerjakan suatu kebajikan
dengan kerelaan hati, maka sesungguhnya Allah Maha Mensyukuri kebaikan lagi Maha
Mengetahui.
(153. O you who believe! Seek help in patience and As-Salah (the prayer). Truly, Allah is with
As-Sabirin (the patient).)
(154. And say not of those who are killed in the way of Allah, "They are dead.'' Nay, they are
living, but you perceive (it) not.)
(155. And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and
fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient).)
(156. Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: "Truly, to Allah we belong and truly, to Him we
shall return.'')
(157. They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e., who are blessed and will be forgiven) from
their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy, and it is they who are the guided
ones.)
(158. Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who
performs Hajj or `Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House to perform Tawaf between them. And
whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower). 
‫ 
ا آ‬
Iَ Aَ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫"َةِ ِإ‬
 ‫ ِ وَا‬Bْ  ِ ‫ُا‬%ِCَ@
ْ ‫ُا ا‬%Aَ n 
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8‫َ َأ‬8
. C )D ‫ن‬V8 ‫ أن‬A‫ إ‬BC ‫ن ا‬fD ‫ة‬T ‫ وا‬B  .C@[‫د وا‬X‫ر‬U‫ وا‬B ‫) ن ا‬D ‫ع‬X V`  AM‫ ن ا‬A ! C ‫غ‬D 
46

‫‪ 5"# V`D‬أو ‪ 5"# BD .  )D‬آ  ‪G‬ء ‪ )D‬ا ‪ )a8 [ AE " B6# " o8J‬ا‪a0 L W‬ء إ[ آن ‪O‬ا ‪ : L‬إن أ^‪L‬‬
‫@اء ‪ V`D‬آن ‪O‬ا ‪ L‬وإن أ^‪d L‬اء ‪ BD‬آن ‪O‬ا ‪ "L‬و ‪ ! C‬أن أ‪G‬د ‪C
8 A‬ن ‪ ; J !"# L‬ا <( ا ‪B‬‬
‫وا ‪T‬ة آ  م ‪ " L 0 )D‬وا@‪%C‬ا  ‪ B‬وا ‪T‬ة وإ‪BV 5‬ة إ[ ‪ !"#‬ا ‪ "CXg‬و‪ )D‬ا ‪ o8J‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"#‬و@" آن إذا =‪ L2‬أ‪ !"^ A‬وا ‪B^ B‬ان ‪ !"# BD‬ك ا ‪J‬رم وا €‪ Q‬و^‪ ;CD !"# B‬ا ‪#h‬ت وا ت وا )‬
‫أآ ‪Q‬ا ‪ LM‬ا د وأ‪ A‬ا ‪ B‬ا  ‪ o‬وه ا ‪ !"# B‬ا <( وا ‪%‬ا<( ‪-D‬اك أ‪ a8‬وا‪ (G‬آ[@‪/‬ر ‪ A‬ا ‪ (8C‬آ  ‪0‬ل‬
‫‪ B#‬ا =   ز‪  8‬أ@" ‪ :‬ا ‪  )D B‬ا ‪   W B‬أ=( وإن ‪ !"# ;Q‬ا‪ {M‬وا‪M‬ان وا ‪  # W B‬آ‪ e‬وإن‬
‫ز‪ R#‬إ ‪ L‬ا‪M‬هاء ‪  D‬آن ه‪-V‬ا ‪ A 5D‬ا ‪ 8‬ا ‪ 5"# "
8 8-‬إن ‪X‬ء ا‪ : W‬و‪0‬ل ‪  )"#‬ا ‪ 
J‬ز‪ 8‬ا ‪ 8C‬إذا‬
‫‪ I G‬ا‪ W‬ا‪M‬و  وا‪%8 8Ox‬دي ‪%A‬د أ‪ 8‬ا ون ‪"O‬ا ا ‪ ;B0 .%6‬ا ‪
J‬ب ؟ ‪0‬ل ‪D‬م ‪ A c%#‬ا ‪%‬س ‪"D‬ه ا ‪.V<T‬‬
‫‪ D‬ن إ ! أ‪n )% 8 8‬دم ؟ ‪ D‬ن إ ! ا ‪ D .%6‬ن و‪ ;B0‬ا ‪
J‬ب ؟ ‪ 0‬ا ‪ 0 C‬ا و‪ A‬أ ؟ ‪ 0‬ا ‪ J‬ا ون ‪ 0‬ا‬
‫و‪ A‬آن ^‪B‬آ ؟ ‪ 0‬ا ^‪ .#m !"# B‬ا‪ W‬و^‪ .CA # B‬ا‪ D != W‬ا‪ 0 W‬ا أ آ  ‪ "0‬اد‪"O‬ا ا ‪ C%D .%6‬أ‪G‬‬
‫ا ‪ " R"0 " "AC‬و‪-5 5`8‬ا ‪ "! C L 0‬إ  ‪ !D8‬ا ون أ‪G‬ه ‪
= /‬ب " و‪0‬ل @‪ BG  C‬ا ‪ B‬ا‪#‬اف ا ‪BC‬‬
‫‪   W .‬أ^ب ‪ L%A‬وا= 
‪ %# L‬ا‪ W‬ر‪G‬ء ‪Q‬ا‪ L‬و‪268 0‬ع ا ‪ ;G‬وه ‪8 [ "6A‬ى ‪ L%A‬إ[ ا ‪B‬‬
‫ن‬
‫` ُ‪ُC‬و َ‬
‫=َءٌ َوَ ِ‪ْ َ َ ْV‬‬
‫ت َ;ْ َأ ْ‬
‫@‪ ;ِ ِB‬ا " ِ‪َ L‬أ ْ‪َA‬ا ٌ‬
‫َو َ َُ ُا ِ َ ْ ُ‪َ )ِD ;ُ َ ْ8‬‬
‫و‪ " ! C L 0‬و[  ا  ‪ ;B@ )D ;8‬ا‪ W‬أ‪A‬ات ; أ=ء " ‪ ! C Bg8‬أن ا `‪5‬اء ‪ )D‬ز‪ 5O‬أ=ء ‪8‬ز‪0‬ن آ  ‪G‬ء‬
‫‪ " "
A KJ^ )D‬إن أرواح ا `‪5‬اء ‪= )D‬ا^; ‪m‬ر ‪ 
aO‬ح ‪ )D‬ا ‪X o= .%6‬ءت ‪? Q‬وي إ ! ‪%0‬د‪RJ ."CA ;8‬‬
‫ا ‪C‬ش ‪ 5"# I"mD‬ر‪ Z‬ا‪D .#Tm‬ل ‪A‬ذا ‪/B‬ن ؟ ‪ D‬ا ‪ 8‬ر‪ %‬وأي ‪)X‬ء ‪ )/B‬و‪ 0‬أ‪ C  A %h#‬أ=ا ‪ Z"O A‬؟ ‪# Q‬د‬
‫‪ ;  5"#‬ه‪-‬ا ‪  "D‬رأوا أ‪8 [ 5‬آن ‪ A‬أن ‪ ?
8‬ا ‪ 0‬ا ‪ 8‬أن د إ ! ا ار ا  ‪A ZD ; != Z"B@ )D ;%D‬ة‬
‫أ‪O‬ى ‪8  -‬ون ‪Q A‬اب ا `‪5‬دة ‪D -‬ل ا ب ‪ "L TG ;G‬إ) آ‪ RB‬أ‪ 5‬إ ‪CG8 [ 5‬ن " ‪ .‬و‪ )D‬ا ‪ o8J‬ا ‪-‬ي روا‪ e‬ا‪AU‬م‬
‫أ=  ‪ #‬ا‪AU‬م ا `‪ # )CD‬ا‪AU‬م ‪ # Z A‬ا ‪2‬هي ‪ B# #‬ا =   آ‪ # Z A  (C‬أ‪0 L‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"#‬و@" " 
‪ .‬ا ‪ 6X )D c"C <m AE‬ا ‪ LCG8 != .%6‬ا‪ W‬إ ! ‪8 e
G‬م ‪ LD " LCB8‬د[ ‪ C .‬م ا ‪ %AE‬أ‪a8‬‬
‫‪ .‬وإن آن ا `‪5‬اء ‪O 0‬ا  ‪-‬آ ‪ )D‬ا ‪n‬ن `‪ 5 8‬و‪  8V‬و‪ YC‬‬
‫` ِ ا  ِِ‪َ8‬‬
‫ت َو َ ‬
‫{ وَا  َ َا ِ‬
‫ ا ْ َ? ْ‪َA‬ا ِل وَا ْ ?َْ ُ ِ‬
‫‡ ِ‪َ A‬‬
‫ف وَا ْ ‪ُ6‬عِ َو َْ ٍ‬
‫‪ِ ْg‬‬
‫ ا ْ َ‬
‫) ٍء ِ‪َ A‬‬
‫` ْ‬
‫َو َ َ‪َ ِ ْVُ  َ "ُBْ %‬‬
‫أ‪ ! C BO‬أ‪B# )"B8 L‬د‪ : e‬أي ‪Bg8‬ه و‪ 5%J 8‬آ  ‪0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬و ‪ "C != V"B%‬ا ‪6‬ه‪ V%A 8‬وا ‪ 8‬و‪"B‬‬
‫أ‪BO‬رآ " ‪D‬رة  
اء ورة  ‪a‬اء ‪O A‬ف و‪G‬ع آ  ‪0‬ل ‪?D " ! C‬ذا‪ 50‬ا‪B W‬س ا ‪6‬ع وا ‪g‬ف" ‪fD‬ن ا ‪I<6‬‬
‫وا ‪ ]<g‬آ; ‪ 5Y8  5%A‬ذ ‪ L"# Z‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪B‬س ا ‪6‬ع وا ‪g‬ف و‪0‬ل هه‪)` " %‬ء ‪ A‬ا ‪g‬ف وا ‪6‬ع " أي "; ‪A‬‬
‫ذ ‪ " Z‬و‡ ‪ A‬ا‪AM‬ال " أي ذهب ‪ " 5aC‬وا‪ " {M‬آ ت ا‪J^M‬ب وا‪0M‬رب وا‪B=M‬ب " وا  ات " أي [ ‪;/‬‬
‫ا ‪J‬ا<‪ c‬وا ‪2‬ارع آ‪C‬د‪0 5‬ل ‪ ‰C‬ا
"] ‪ ‰C RVD :‬ا ‪ r   [ ;g%‬وا=ة وآ; ه‪-‬ا وأ‪ Bg8  A L A‬ا‪B# L W‬د‪e‬‬
‫‪ B^  D‬أ‪ LQ‬و‪ %0 A‬أ=; ‪ L# L‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬و` ا ‪ "8‬و‪ ‰C !V= 0‬ا  
‪ 8‬أن ا اد ‪ A‬ا ‪g‬ف‬
‫‪ .‬هه‪O %‬ف ا‪ W‬و ‪6‬ع ^م ر‪aA‬ن و‪ ‡%‬ا‪AM‬ال ا ‪2‬آة وا‪ {M‬ا‪AM‬اض وا  ات ا‪M‬و[د و‪ )D‬ه‪-‬ا ‪ Y‬وا‪ W‬أ‪"#‬‬
‫ن‬
‫‪َ ُCG‬‬
‫ ِإذَا َأ^ََ ْ ُ‪ُ َ0 ٌ.Bَ ِAُ ْ5‬ا ِإ ِ " ِ‪َ L‬وِإ ِإَ ْ ِ‪ L‬رَا ِ‬
‫ا ‪َ 8ِ-‬‬
‫ ‪ A ! C‬ا ون ا ‪VX 8-‬ه ‪D‬ل ا ‪ 8-‬إذا أ^‪ 0 .BA 5‬ا إ ‪ W‬وإ إ ‪ L‬را‪CG‬ن أي 
"ا  ‪ 5‬ه‪-‬ا ‪ #‬‬
‫أ^‪ 5‬و‪ "#‬ا أ‪8 W Z"A 5‬ف ‪`8   eB# )D‬ء و‪ "#‬ا أ‪A L8 Ia8 [ L‬ل ذرة ‪8‬م ا ‪=?D .A‬ث ‪ 5‬ذ ‪Z‬‬
‫‪ .‬ا‪#‬ا‪ eB# 5? 5D‬وأ‪ 5‬إ ‪ L‬را‪CG‬ن ‪ )D‬ا ار ا‪Ox‬ة‬
‫‪ Z‬هُ ُ ا ْ ُ ْ‪َُ5‬ونَ‬
‫= َ ‪َ ٌ.‬وأُو َ ِ َ‬
‫‪َ"ََ^ ْ5ِ ْ "َ#‬اتٌ ِ‪ ْA‬رَ  ِ‪َ ْ5‬و َر ْ‬
‫أُوَ ِ‪َ َZ‬‬
‫ ‪-5‬ا أ‪  # ! C BO‬أ‪h#‬ه ‪ !"#‬ذ ‪D Z‬ل " أو ‪"^ 5"# Z‬ات ‪ A‬ر‪ 5‬ور= ‪ " .‬أي ‪%Q‬ء ‪ A‬ا‪0 5"# W‬ل @‪BG  C‬‬
‫‪ :‬أي أ‪ A .%A‬ا ‪-C‬اب " وأو ‪ Z‬ه ا ‪5‬ون " ‪0‬ل أ‪ A‬ا ‪   # %AE‬ا ‪hg‬ب ‪ C‬ا ‪[C‬ن و‪ R C‬ا ‪TC‬وة " أو ‪5"# Z‬‬
‫^"ات ‪ A‬ر‪ 5‬ور= ‪-5D " .‬ان ا ‪[C‬ن " وأو ‪ Z‬ه ا ‪5‬ون" ‪ e-5D‬ا ‪TC‬وة وه) ‪  Id A‬ا ‪  C‬وه) ز‪8‬دة ‪)D‬‬
‫ا ‪ Z -VD ; J‬ه‪[E‬ء أ‪h#‬ا ‪Q‬ا‪ 5‬وز‪8‬وا أ‪ . a8‬و‪ 0‬ورد ‪Q )D‬اب ا[@‪G‬ع وه ‪0‬ل " إ ‪ W‬وإ إ ‪ L‬را‪CG‬ن " ‪%#‬‬
‫ا <( أ=د‪ o8‬آة ‪  D‬ذ ‪ A Z‬روا‪ e‬ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪0 o‬ل ‪ )%C8 o %Q=  JA  {8 %Q= :‬ا @‪ 828 # C‬‬
‫‪ B#‬ا‪ %Q= W‬أ@‪  .A‬ا ‪5‬د ‪ # #‬و  أ) ‪ #‬و ‪ #‬ا ‪ # ("h‬أم @" ‪ : R 0 .‬أ) أ @" ‪ %# A A8 .‬ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D‬ل ‪ A RC @  :‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪@ [0‬رت ‪0 L‬ل ‪ (8 [ " :‬أ=ا ‪ A‬ا
" ‬
‫‪8 Q LBA %# IG 
D .BA‬ل ‪ :‬ا "‪ 5‬أ‪ )BA )D )G‬وا‪O ) ]"O‬ا ‪ 5%A‬إ[ ‪ ;CD‬ذ ‪ R 0 " L Z‬أم @" ‪: .‬‬
‫‪47‬‬

‫‪ RYJD‬ذ ‪ )D  "D L%A Z‬أ @" ‪ .‬ا@‪ RCG‬و‪ R"0‬ا "‪ 5‬أ‪ )BA )D )G‬وا‪O ) ]"O‬ا ‪ Q 5%A‬ر‪ RCG‬إ ! 
) ‪R"D‬‬
‫‪ A‬أ‪ A O ) 8‬أ) @" ‪ .‬؟ ‪  "D‬ا‪ )# Ra‬ا@?ذن ‪ )"#‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" وأ أدˆ إه ) ‪8 R"
/D‬ي‬
‫‪ A‬ا ظ وأذ‪ L RCdD L R‬و@دة أدم =`ه ] ‪ )%BhgD 5"# CD‬إ ! 
) ‪D  "D‬غ ‪ 8 R"0 L A A‬ر@ل ا‪A W‬‬
‫) أن [ ‪V8‬ن ‪ Z‬ا ‪ .Br‬و ‪ )%V‬ا‪A‬أة ‪r )D‬ة ‪8X‬ة ‪O?D‬ف أن ى ‪ )%-C8  X )%A‬ا‪ L W‬وأ ا‪A‬أة ‪ 0‬د‪ )D R"O‬ا 
وأ‬
‫ذات ‪#‬ل ‪D‬ل " أ‪ A A‬ذآت ‪ A‬ا ‪/‬ة ‪
D‬ف ‪-8‬ه‪ 5B‬ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ Z%# ;G‬وأ‪ A A‬ذآت ‪ A‬ا 
‪ D‬أ^‪ ;A )%‬ا ‪-‬ي أ^‪Z‬‬
‫وأ‪ A A‬ذآت ‪ A‬ا ‪C‬ل ‪@ R "@ D : R 0 ") # Z #  fD‬ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ R D‬أم @" ‪ : C .‬أ ‪ )%‬ا‪W‬‬
‫?) @" ‪O .‬ا ‪ L%A‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" و‪ 5%# "
A KJ^ )D‬أ‪ RC @ : R 0 5‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@"‬
‫‪8‬ل " ‪D .BA LB B# A A‬ل " إ ‪ W‬وإ إ ‪ L‬را‪CG‬ن " ا "‪ 5‬أ‪ )BA )D )G‬وا‪O ) ]"O‬ا ‪ 5%A‬إ[ ‪eGn‬‬
‫ا‪ LBA )D W‬وأ‪O L ]"O‬ا ‪ )D  "D R 0 "5%A‬أ @" ‪ R"0 .‬آ  أ‪ )A‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ ]"O?D‬ا‪) W‬‬
‫‪O‬ا ‪ L%A‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪ 828 %Q‬و‪B#‬د  ‪B#‬د ‪ %Q= [0‬ه`م  أ) ه`م =‪B# %Q‬د‬
‫ ز‪8‬د ‪ #‬أ‪ . mD # LA‬ا‪ .%‬ا ‪ # 
J‬أ‪ 5‬ا ‪ # )"#  
J‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل ‪ "
A A A " :‬و[‬
‫‪8 . "
A‬ب  ‪-D .B‬آه وإن ‪m‬ل ‪5#‬ه ‪ -‬و‪0‬ل ‪B#‬د ‪0‬م ‪5#‬ه ‪JD -‬ث ‪ Z -‬ا@‪ #G‬إ[ ‪G‬د ا‪ %# L W‬ذ ‪eh#?D Z‬‬
‫‪ ;A‬أ‪G‬ه ‪8‬م أ^( " وروا‪ e‬ا ‪ # L%%@ )D LGA‬أ) ‪  V‬أ) ‪ # .BX‬وآ‪ # I‬ه`م  ز‪8‬د ‪ #‬أ‪. mD # LA‬‬
‫‪ R%‬ا ‪ # 
J‬أ‪ 5‬و‪ 0‬روا‪ e‬إ@ ‪ ."#  ;#‬و‪  828‬هرون ‪ #‬ه`م  ز‪8‬د ‪ #‬أ‪ "L‬آ‪-‬ا " ‪ # . mD #‬أ‪5‬‬
‫و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  أ ‪  !J8‬إ@‪J‬ق ا 
"‪ )%J‬أ = د  @" ‪ # .‬أ) @‪%‬ن ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬د‪ R%D‬ا‪ ) )fD ) %‬ا ‪ B‬إذ أ‪ -O‬ي‬
‫أ ‪ )%C8 .J"m‬ا ‪ )%GO?D )[g‬و‪0‬ل ) ‪ :‬أ[ أ`ك ‪0 !" R"0‬ل ‪ )%Q= :‬ا ‪Ja‬ك  ‪ B#‬ا =   ‪#‬زب ‪ #‬أ) ‪!@A‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪0‬ل ا‪ Z"A 8 : W‬ا ت ‪ RaB0‬و  ‪B#‬ي ; ‪0 RaB0‬ة ‪ L%#‬و‪ Q‬ة ‪ED‬اد‪ e‬؟ ‪0‬ل ‪C‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪0  D‬ل ؟ ‪0‬ل ‪ = :‬ك وا@‪0 IG‬ل ‪ :‬ا‪ )D  L %‬ا ‪ .%6‬و@ ‪ R e‬ا ‪ Q "  J‬روا‪  )"# # e‬إ@‪J‬ق ‪ B# #‬ا‪W‬‬
‫ ا ‪B‬رك ‪-D‬آ‪ e‬وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬ا ‪-A‬ي ‪ #   8@ #‬ا ا ‪B‬رك ‪ L‬و‪0‬ل = 
‪ (8r‬وا@ أ) @‪%‬ن ‪ ! 
#‬‬
‫‪%@ .‬ن‬
‫‪ٌِ"#‬‬
‫ن ا " َ‪ِ َX L‬آٌ َ‬
‫‪ًْO‬ا َ‪ fِD‬‬
‫ع َ‬
‫‪َ h‬‬
‫ف ِ ِ‪َ َ 5‬و َ‪َ َ ْA‬‬
‫‪َ  h‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬أنْ َ‪ 8‬‬
‫ح َ‬
‫‪َ َ%ُG َ"Dَ َ َ َ #‬‬
‫‪َ R‬أ ِو ا ْ‬
‫Œ ا ْ َ‪َ ْ B‬‬
‫=‬
‫‪ ِ ِ<َCX‬ا "‪َ ْ َ Dَ ِL‬‬
‫َ وَا ْ َْ َو َة ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫ن ا ‬
‫ِإ ‬
‫‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ "@ %Q= :‬ن  داود ا ‪ ) X5‬أ‪ BO‬إاه  @‪ # C‬ا ‪2‬هي ‪# #‬وة ‪0 .`<# #‬ل ‪ R"0 :‬أرأ‪R8‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ا‪ " ! C W‬إن ا  وا وة ‪ <CX A‬ا‪ Œ=  D W‬ا ‪ RB‬أو ا‪%G TD  #‬ح ‪ L"#‬أن ‪h8‬ف ‪D R"0 "  5‬ا‪!"# A W‬‬
‫أ= ‪%G‬ح أن [ ‪h8‬ف ‪ 8 R"0 
 : .`<# R D  5‬ا أ‪ )O‬إ‪  5‬آ‪ A !"# R‬أو ‪ L"# 5‬آ‪%G TD : R‬ح ‪ L"#‬أن‬
‫[ ‪h8‬ف ‪  5‬و ‪ 5%V‬إ  أ‪M R 2‬ن ا‪M‬ر آا ‪ ;B0‬أن ‪ "
8‬ا آا ‪"58‬ن ‪%‬ة ا ‪ .rh‬ا ) آا ‪BC8‬و‪ %# 5‬ا `"; ;‬
‫وآن ‪ A‬أه; ‪J8 5‬ج أن ‪h8‬ف   وا وة ‪ ?
D‬ا ‪ #‬ذ ‪ Z‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ D‬ا ‪ 8‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬إ آ‪%‬‬
‫‪J‬ج أن ‪h‬ف   وا وة ‪ )D‬ا ‪6‬ه"‪2?D .‬ل ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ " ;G‬إن ا  وا وة ‪ <CX A‬ا‪ Œ=  D W‬ا ‪ RB‬أو ا‪ #‬‬
‫‪%G TD‬ح ‪ L"#‬أن ‪h8‬ف ‪ @ 0 Q : .`<# R 0 "  5‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ا ‪h‬اف ‪ =M {"D  5‬أن ‪8‬ع‬
‫ا ‪h‬اف ‪  5‬أ‪ )D eGO‬ا ‪ JJ‬و‪ )D‬روا‪ # .8‬ا ‪2‬هي أ‪0 L‬ل ‪-5 RQJD‬ا ا ‪ o8J‬أ ‪ B#  V‬ا =   ا ‪J‬رث ‬
‫ه`م ‪D‬ل إن ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ A "C‬آ‪ LC @ R%‬و  @ ‪ RC‬ر‪ A [G‬أه; ا ‪ 8 "C‬ن إن ا ‪%‬س ‪ -‬إ[ ‪ A‬ذآت ‪ - .`<#‬آا ‪ 8‬ن‬
‫إن ‪m‬ا‪  %D‬ه‪ 8-‬ا ‪ A 86J‬أ‪ A‬ا ‪6‬ه"‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ‪On‬ون ‪ A‬ا‪M‬ر إ  أ‪A‬ك  ‪h‬اف  ‪ RB‬و  ‪h  AE‬اف ‬
‫ا  وا وة ‪2?D‬ل ا‪ " ! C W‬إن ا  وا وة ‪ <CX A‬ا‪0 " W‬ل أ ‪ B#  V‬ا =  ‪ )D R 2 5"C"D‬ه‪[E‬ء وه‪[E‬ء‬
‫وروا‪ e‬ا ‪gB‬ري ‪ # Z A o8= A‬ه`م  ‪#‬وة ‪ #‬أ‪ A J% .`<# # L‬م ‪0 Q‬ل ا ‪gB‬ري ‪]@8   JA %Q= :‬‬
‫=‪@ %Q‬ن ‪ "@  ^# #‬ن ‪0‬ل ‪ R ?@ :‬أ 
‪ #‬ا  وا وة ؟ ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬آ‪ %‬ى أ‪ A  5‬أ‪ A‬ا ‪6‬ه"‪G  "D .‬ء‬
‫ا‪T@U‬م أ‪2?D  5%# %V
A‬ل ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ " ;G‬إن ا  وا وة ‪ <CX A‬ا‪ " W‬وذآ ا ‪ # e 
)D )Bm‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫آ‪ R‬ا `‪ m‬ق  ا  وا وة ا "; آ"‪ L‬وآ‪G  "D .5 n  5% R‬ء ا‪T@U‬م @? ا ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@"‬
‫‪ #‬ا ‪h‬اف ‪ R 2%D  5%‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ .8x‬و‪0‬ل ا `‪ : )BC‬آن إ@ف ‪ !"#‬ا  وآ‪ !"# ."< R‬ا وة وآا ‪GJD  5 "
8‬ا‬
‫‪ C‬ا‪T@U‬م ‪ A‬ا ‪h‬اف ‪ R 2%D  5%‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ " R"0 " .8x‬ذآ ‪   JA‬إ@‪J‬ق ‪ )D‬آب ا 
ة أن إ@‪ D‬و<"‪ .‬آ `‪8‬‬
‫‪ 2D‬دا‪ ;O‬ا ‪ e6 w80  5B%D 86= g
D .BCV‬ا ‪  5 BC .BCV‬ا ‪%‬س ‪m  "D‬ل ‪5#‬ه  ‪B#‬ا ‪ [= Q‬إ ! ا ‬
‫وا وة ‪ B%D‬ه‪VD Z %‬ن ‪m A‬ف   وا وة ‪  5 "
8‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪8‬ل أ ‪ L0 )D ( m‬ا `‪5‬رة ‪ :‬و=‪—%8 o‬‬
‫ا‪CXM‬ون رآ‪ !a 5‬ا 
ل ‪ A‬إ@ف و<; و‪ G o8= A "
A KJ^ )D‬ا ‪ ;8h‬و‪ LD‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@"  ‪D‬غ ‪m A‬ا‪# RB  LD‬د إ ! ا آ ‪O Q L "@D‬ج ‪ A‬ب ا  وه ‪8‬ل " إن ا  وا وة ‪ <CX A‬ا‪" W‬‬
‫‪0 Q‬ل " أأ   أ ا‪ " L W‬و‪ )D‬روا‪ .8‬ا ‪ " )<
%‬اءوا   أ ا‪ " L W‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪ B# %Q= K8X %Q‬ا‪ W‬‬
‫ا ‪h# # ;AE‬ء  أ) رح ‪ R% .BB= # .BX R% .^ #‬أ) ‪6‬اة ‪ R 0‬رأ‪ R8‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪h8‬ف‬
‫ ا  وا وة وا ‪%‬س  ‪ L88‬وه وراءه وه ‪ != !C
8‬أرى رآ‪X A LB‬ة ا
‪8 )C‬ور ‪ L‬إزار‪ e‬وه ‪8‬ل "‬
‫ا@‪C‬ا ‪fD‬ن ا‪ W‬آ( ‪ V"#‬ا
‪ Q " )C‬روا‪ e‬ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ B# #‬ا زاق ‪ :‬أ‪ #  CA BO‬وا^; ‪ ! A‬أ) ‪!@A # .%#‬‬
‫ ‪B#‬ة ‪ .BX R% .^ #‬أن ا‪A‬أة أ‪ 5BO‬أ‪ RC @ 5‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@"  ا  وا وة ‪8‬ل " آ( ‪V"#‬‬
‫ا
‪C@D )C‬ا" و‪ 0‬ا@ل ‪-5‬ا ا ‪-A !"# o8J‬ه( ‪8 A‬ى أن ا
‪  )C‬ا  وا وة رآ ‪ )D‬ا ‪ ŒJ‬آ  ه ‪-A‬ه(‬
‫‪48‬‬

‫ م‬eBG ‫ا‬5@‫ ا و‬# L‫ن آ‬fD ‫( و { آ‬G‫ وا‬L‫; إ‬0‫ و‬Z A # ‫ر‬5` ‫ أ=  وه ا‬# .8‫ وروا‬LD‫ وا‬A‫) و‬CD` ‫ا‬
{‫ أ‬# ‫ وروي‬8@ ‫) وا‬BC` ‫ وا ري وا‬.%= ‫ ذه( أ‬L ‫( وإ‬J
A ; ;0‫ و‬.<m ‫ل‬8 L‫ أ=  و‬# .8‫وه روا‬
‫ول‬M‫ا " وا ل ا‬O ‫ع‬h  D " ! C L  ‫ا‬6=‫) وا‬Bm ‫ل ا‬0 ".BC ‫) " ا‬D Z A # )V=‫س و‬B# ‫  وا‬# ‫وا‬
[‫Œ إ‬J ‫) ا‬D L"CD A  [ (G‫ وا‬Z" L6= )D L"CD A ;VD " VV@%A )%# ‫وا‬-O? " ‫ل‬0‫  و‬5% ‫ف‬m ‫م‬T
‫ ا‬L"# LM KG‫أر‬ 
‫اف‬h ‫ ! أن ا‬C W‫  ا‬D ")C
‫ ا‬V"# (‫ آ‬W‫ن ا‬fD ‫ا‬C@‫م " ا‬T
‫ ا‬L"# L 0 ‫ م‬0‫" و‬#‫ أ‬W‫ج  ; وا‬O A
Z ‫س أن أ^; ذ‬B# ‫ ا‬o8= )D ‫ م‬0‫Œ و‬J ‫ ا‬Z@%A )D ‫اه‬U ! C W‫ع ا‬X  A ‫ أي‬W‫< ا‬CX A ‫ا  وا وة‬
L"# ‫  إاه‬5‫ؤه  وزاده  = آ‬A   ‫"( ا ء  ه‬m )D ‫ وداده  ا  وا وة‬G‫اف ه‬m A ‫ذ‬O?A
2# W‫ ا‬A ‫ث‬/ ‫"( ا‬h RA0  ‫ه‬%# A ‫ و‬Z %‫ ه‬.Ca ‫"! و ه ا‬# RDO  "D ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬A =‫ه  أ‬%# { ‫ و‬Z %‫م ه‬T
‫ا‬
]`‫; =! آ‬G‫ و‬2# W‫ة إ ! ا‬D ‫ة‬haA ."G‫ و‬.<O ." -A ‫  ا  وا وة‬.D` ‫ ا‬.CB ‫ ا‬e-‫) ه‬D ‫ل دد‬2 "D ;G‫و‬
‫ أن‬L )/B%8  5% )# 
D " @ ‫ء‬X‫ و‬Cm ‫م‬Cm " ‫ؤه‬A ) ‫م ا‬2A‫ ز‬5 IB‫ وأ‬5X ‫ج‬D‫ و‬5r {n‫ و‬5‫ آ‬W‫ا‬ 
A L ‫ ه‬A Œ8 ;G‫ و‬2# W‫˜ إ ! ا‬6"8 ‫ وأن‬LB‫ان ذ‬r‫ و‬L = ‫ح‬T^‫ و‬LB"0 .8‫) ها‬D W‫ إ ! ا‬LG=‫ و‬L ‫ وذ‬eD aJ
8
‫ب‬- ‫ ا‬A L"# ‫ي ه‬- ‫ ا‬L = A L J8 ‫ وأن‬L A ! ‫ إ‬L"# LB8 ‫ إ ! ا اط ا 
وأن‬L858 ‫ب وأن‬C ‫<‡ وا‬% ‫ا‬
)D ‫; زاد‬0 " ‫ا‬O ‫ع‬h  D " L 0‫ و‬. ‫م‬T
‫ ا‬5"# G5 ;CD  ‫ آ‬.A@[‫ان وا 
اد وا‬/ ‫ ل وا‬V ‫^) إ ! =ل ا‬C ‫وا‬
‫ع‬h ‫; ا اد‬0‫ع و‬h ‫ ة‬# ‫ع أو‬h .6= )D  5% ‫ف‬h8 ;0‫ و‬Z ‫ ذ‬J‫ و‬.C@‫ و‬.%AQ (G‫ر ا ا‬0 !"#  5% LD‫ا‬m
(8 ‫" " أي‬# ‫آ‬X W‫ن ا‬fD " L 0‫" و‬#‫ أ‬W‫ي وا‬B ‫ 
ا‬J ‫ إ ! ا‬o  ‫ى ا‬2#‫ ا ازي و‬Z ‫! ذ‬V= ‫دات‬BC ‫) @< ا‬D ‫ا‬O
‫ا‬G‫ أ‬L A ‫ت‬E8‫ و‬5#a8 .%
= Z ‫ل ذرة وإن‬A "Y8 [ " L‫ا‬Q ‫{ أ=ا‬gB8 TD ‫اء‬26 ‫" ر ا‬# V  ;" ‫"! ا‬#  
Y# " .
After Allah commanded that He be appreciated, He ordained patience and prayer. It is a fact
that the servant is either enjoying a bounty that he should be thankful for, or suffering a
calamity that he should meet with patience. A Hadith states:
‫ًْا‬O
َ َ‫َ آَن‬Bَ 
َ َD ‫ا ُء‬d
َ ُLْ َ َ^‫ وإنْ َأ‬Lُ َ ‫ ًْا‬O
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ َ آ‬Vَ `
َ Dَ ‫@ا ُء‬
َ Lُ ْ ََ^‫ ِإنْ َأ‬:Lُ َ ‫َ ًْا‬O ‫ن‬
َ َ‫َ ًء إ  آ‬aَ0 Lُ َ W
ُ ‫ِ) ا‬aْ 8َ َ 
ِ Aِ ْE ُ "ْ ِ ًB6
َ َ#»
«Lَ
(Amazing is the believer, for whatever Allah decrees for him, it is better for him! If he is tested
with a bounty, he is grateful for it and this is better for him; and if he is afflicted with a
hardship, he is patient with it and this is better for him.)
Allah has stated that the best tools to help ease the effects of the afflictions are patience and
prayer. Earlier we mentioned Allah's statement: 

َ ِC`
ِ ‫َـ‬g ْ ‫"َ! ا‬#
َ [ ‫ِ َةٌ ِإ‬BَV َ َ5‫"َةِ َوِإ‬
 ‫ ِ وَا‬Bْ 
 ِ ْ‫ُا‬%ِCَ @
ْ ‫وَا‬
(And seek help in patience and As-Salah (the prayer) and truly, it is extremely heavy and hard
except for Al-Khashi`in i.e., the true believers in Allah) (2:45)
There are several types of Sabr ‫ ـ‬patience: one for avoiding the prohibitions and sins, one for
acts of worship and obedience. The second type carries more rewards than the first type.
There is a third type of patience required in the face of the afflictions and hardships, which is
mandatory, like repentance.
`Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said, "Sabr has two parts: patience for the sake of Allah
concerning what He is pleased with (i.e., acts of worship and obedience), even if it is hard on
the heart and the body, and patience when avoiding what He dislikes, even if it is desired.
Those who acquire these qualities will be among the patient persons whom Allah shall greet
(when they meet Him in the Hereafter; refer to Surat Al-Ahzab 33:44), Allah willing.''
Allah's statement:

49 

ٌ‫=َء‬
ْ ‫َاتٌ َ;ْ َأ‬Aْ ‫ َأ‬Lِ " ‫ ِ; ا‬Bَ@ !ِD ُ;َْ 8ُ َ ِ ْ‫ َو َ[ َُ ُا‬
(And say not of those who are killed in the way of Allah, "They are dead.'' Nay, they are
living,) indicates that the martyrs are alive and receiving their sustenance.
Muslim reported in his Sahih: 
ِ5ْ "َ#
َ َI"َm
 َD ،ِ‫ْش‬Cَ ْ ‫ ا‬R
َ ْJَ .ٍ َ "Cَ Aُ ;َ 8ِ‫َد‬%َ0 !َ ‫  َ ْ?وِي إ‬Qُ ،ْ‫َ َءت‬X o
ُ ْ َ= .%6
َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D ‫ح‬
ُ َ

ْ َ ،ٍa
ْ ُO ٍ ْm
َ ;َ ِ^‫=َا‬
َ )ِD ‫َا ِء‬5َ `
‚ ‫ح ا‬
َ ‫ن َأرْوَا‬
 ‫»َأ‬
،‫َا‬-‫ْ ِ ِ ْ ِ; ه‬5ِ ْ َ‫َدَ ِإ‬#  Qُ ‫َ؟‬Zِ"ْ O
َ ْAِ ‫=ًا‬
َ ‫ َأ‬
ِ Cْ ُ ْ َ َA َ%َْh#
ْ ‫َْ َأ‬0‫ َو‬،)ِ/Bْ َ ‫)ْ ٍء‬X
َ ‫َ َوَأي‬% َ‫َ ر‬8 :‫ََ ُا‬D ‫ُنَ؟‬/Bْ َ ‫َذَا‬A :‫َل‬D ،ً.#
َ َ"m 
‫ا‬Z
َ ‚ ‫َر‬
‫ َوْن‬8َ َ ِ ‫َْى‬O‫  ًة ُأ‬Aَ Z
َ ِD َ;َْ ُ !=
َ Z
َ "ِِB@
َ )ِD ;َ ِ َ%ُ َD َْ ‚ ‫ُ َأنْ َ ُدَ ِإ َ! ا ارِ ا‬8ُِ :‫َ ُا‬0 ،‫
َ? ُا‬
ْ 8ُ ْ‫ْ َأن‬Aِ ‫ُ ْ َآُن‬8 َ ُ5‫"َ  َرَأوْا َأ‬Dَ
«‫ُن‬CG
ِ ْ8َ َ َ5ْ َ‫ْ إ‬5ُ  ‫ َأ‬R
ُ Bْ َ َ‫ ِإ) آ‬:Lُ َ"َG ; G
َ ‫ب‬
‚  ‫َ َُ ُل ا‬D ِ‫ َدة‬5` ‫ب ا‬
ِ ‫َا‬Q ْAِ
(The souls of the martyrs are inside green birds and move about in Paradise wherever they
wish. Then, they take refuge in lamps that are hanging under the Throne (of Allah). Your
Lord looked at them and asked them, `What do you wish for' They said, `What more could we
wish for while You have favored us with what You have not favored any other of your
creation' He repeated the question again. When they realize that they will be asked (until they
answer), they said, `We wish that You send us back to the earthly life, so that we fight in Your
cause until we are killed in Your cause again,' (because of what they enjoy of the rewards of
martyrdom). The Lord then said, `I have written that they will not be returned to it (earthly
life) again.)
Imam Ahmad reported that `Abdur-Rahman bin Ka`b bin Malik narrated from his father
that Allah's Messenger said:
«LَُCBْ َ8 ‫ْ َم‬8َ eِ َ
َG !َ ‫ ِإ‬W
ُ ‫ ا‬Lُ Cَ ِGْ8َ !َ= .ِ % 6
َ ْ ‫َ ِ ا‬6X
َ )ِD c
ُ "َْCَ ٌ<ِ َm 
ِ Aِ ْE ُ ْ ‫ ا‬.ُ َ

َ َ »
(The believer's soul is a bird that feeds on the trees of Paradise until Allah sends it back to its
body when the person is resurrected.)
This Hadith includes all the believers in its general meaning. Thus, the fact that the Qur'an
mentions the martyrs in particular in the above Ayah serves to honor, glorify and favor them
(although the other believers share the rewards they enjoy).
Allah informs us that He tests and tries His servants, just as He said in another Ayah: 
ُْ‫َـ َآ‬BO
ْ ‫"ُ َ َأ‬Bْ َ ‫َ َو‬8ِBِ ‫ْ وَا ـ‬Vُ %ِA 
َ 8ِ5ِ ‫َـ‬6 ُ ْ ‫َ"َ ا‬Cْ َ !=
َ ْVُ  َ "ُْB%َ ََ‫و‬
(And surely, We shall try you till We test those who strive hard (for the cause of Allah) and AsSabirin (the patient), and We shall test your facts (i.e., the one who is a liar, and the one who is
truthful).) (47:31)
Hence, He tests them with the bounty sometimes and sometimes with the afflictions of fear
and hunger. Allah said in another Ayah: 
ِ‫ْف‬g
َ ْ ‫ع وَا‬
ِ ُ6 ْ ‫س ا‬
َ َB ِ Lُ " ‫َ ا‬5َ0‫َ?ذَا‬Dَ 
(So Allah made it taste extreme of hunger (famine) and fear.) (16:112)
The frightened and the hungry persons show the effects of the affliction outwardly and this is
50

why Allah has used here the word `Libas' (cover or clothes) of fear and hunger. In the Ayat
above, Allah used the words: 
‫ُع‬6 ْ ‫َفْ وَا‬gْ ‫ ا‬
َ A ‫`)ْ ٍء‬
َ ِ (with something of fear, hunger,) meaning, a little of each. Then (Allah
said), 
‫َال‬Aَ [” ‫ ا‬
َ A ‡
ٍ ْ َ ‫(  َو‬loss of wealth,) meaning, some of the wealth will be destroyed, 
{ُ”[‫( وَا‬lives) meaning, losing friends, relatives and loved ones to death, 
‫( وَا  َ َت‬and fruits,) meaning, the gardens and the farms will not produce the usual or
expected amounts. This is why Allah said next: 
8ِBِ ‫` ِ ا ـ‬ 
َ َ‫( و‬but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient).)
He then explained whom He meant by `the patient' whom He praised: 
َ‫ن‬CِG‫ َر‬Lِ ْ َ‫ َوِإـ€ ِإ‬Lِ " ِ ‫َ ُاْ ِإ‬0 .ٌ Bَ ِA‚ ُ5ْ Bَ ‫ َأ^َـ‬nَ‫َ ِإذ‬8ِ- ‫ا‬
(Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: "Truly, to Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall
return.'') meaning, those who recite this statement to comfort themselves in the face of their
loss, know that they belong to Allah and that He does what He wills with His servants. They
also know that nothing and no deed, even if it was the weight of an atom, will be lost with
Allah on the Day of Resurrection. These facts thus compel them to admit that they are Allah's
servants and that their return will be to Him in the Hereafter.
This is why Allah said: t 
.َ =
ْ ‫ْ وَ َر‬5ِ ْ ‫ ر‬A ٌ‫ ْ ^ََ" َت‬5ِ ْ"َ#
َ َZِ ‫( أُو َـ‬They are those on whom are the Salawat (i. e., who are blessed
and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy,) meaning,
Allah's praise and mercy will be with them. Sa`id bin Jubayr added, "Meaning, safety from
the torment.'' 
‫َُون‬5ْ ُ ْ ‫ ُه ُ ا‬Z
َ ِ ‫(  َوأُو َـ‬and it is they who are the guided ones.) `Umar bin Al-Khattab commented:
"What righteous things, and what a great heights. 
.َ =
ْ ‫ْ وَ َر‬5ِ ْ ‫ ر‬A ٌ‫ ْ ^ََ" َت‬5ِ ْ"َ#
َ َZِ ‫( أُو َـ‬They are those on whom are the Salawat from their Lord, and
(they are those who) receive His mercy) are the two righteous things. 
‫َُون‬5ْ ُ ْ ‫ ُه ُ ا‬Z
َ ِ ‫(  َوأُو َـ‬and it is they who are the guided ones) are the heights.''
The heights means more rewards, and these people will be awarded their rewards and more.
There are several Ahadith that mention the rewards of admitting that the return is to Allah by
saying: 
َ‫ن‬CِG‫ َر‬Lِ ْ َ‫ َوِإـ€ ِإ‬Lِ " ِ ‫ِإ‬
("Truly, to Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.'') when afflictions strike. For
instance, Imam Ahmad reported that Umm Salamah narrated: Once, Abu Salamah came
51

back after he was with Allah's Messenger and said: I heard Allah's Messenger recite a
statement that made me delighted. He said:
;َCDَ  ‫ ِإ‬،َ5%ْ Aِ ‫َ ًْا‬O )ِ ْ]"ِO
ْ َ‫َِ) وأ‬BِAُ )ِD )ُِْG‫  ْأ‬5ُ " ‫ ا‬:ُ‫ُل‬8 Qُ Lِ ِ Bَ ِAُ َ%ْ #
ِ Iُ ِGَْ

ْ َ َD .ٌ Bَ ِAُ 
َ ِ ِ"

ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫=ًا‬
َ ‫( َأ‬
ُ ِ8ُ َ »
«Lِ َZ ِ‫ذ‬
(No Muslim is struck with an affliction and then says Istirja` when the affliction strikes, and
then says: `O Allah! Reward me for my loss and give me what is better than it,' but Allah will
do just that.) Umm Salamah said: So I memorized these words. When Abu Salamah died I
said Istirja` and said: "O Allah! Compensate me for my loss and give me what is better than
it.'' I then thought about it and said, "Who is better than Abu Salamah'' When my `Iddah
(the period of time before the widow or divorced woman can remarry) finished, Allah's
Messenger asked for permission to see me while I was dyeing a skin that I had. I washed my
hands, gave him permission to enter and handed him a pillow, and he sat on it. He then asked
me for marriage and when he finished his speech, I said, "O Messenger of Allah! It is not
because I do not want you, but I am very jealous and I fear that you might experience some
wrong mannerism from me for which Allah would punish me. I am old and have children.''
He said:
«‫َ َذآَْت‬A A‫ َوَأ‬،ِZَ َ^‫ِي َأ‬- ‫ْ ُ; ا‬Aِ )ِ%ََ^‫ َْ َأ‬Dَ  

‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ت‬
ِ ْ‫َ َذ َآ‬A A‫ َوَأ‬،ِZ%ْ َ# ; G
َ ‫ َو‬2 َ# W
ُ ‫َ ا‬5ُB‫ْ ِه‬-8ُ ‫ف‬
َ َْ
Dَ ‫ْ َ ِة‬/َ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ت‬
ِ ْ‫َ َذ َآ‬A A‫أ‬
)ِ َِ# Z
ِ ُ َ#
ِ َ  fِDَ ‫َ ِل‬Cِ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ » (As for the jealousy that you mentioned, Allah the Exalted will remove
it from you. As for your being old as you mentioned, I have suffered what you have suffered.
And for your having children, they are my children too.) She said, "I have surrendered to
Allah's Messenger.'' Allah's Messenger married her and Umm Salamah said later, "Allah
compensated me with who is better than Abu Salamah: Allah's Messenger .'' Muslim reported
a shorter version of this Hadith.
Imam Ahmad reported that `Urwah said that he asked `A'ishah about what Allah stated: 
َ 5ِ ِ ‫ف‬
َ  h
 8َ ‫ أَن‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ ‫ح‬
َ َ%G
ُ T
َ َD َ َ َ #
ْ ‫ َأ ِو ا‬R
َ ْBَ ْ ‫Œ ا‬
 َ= ْ َ Dَ Lِ " ‫َ€<ِ ِ ا‬CX
َ ِA ‫َ وَا ْ َ ْ َو َة‬
 ‫ن ا‬
 ‫( ِإ‬Verily, As-Safa and AlMarwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who
performs Hajj or `Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah) to perform the
going (Tawaf) between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah).) "By Allah! It is not a sin if someone
did not perform Tawaf around them.'' `A'ishah said, "Worst is that which you said, O my
nephew! If this is the meaning of it, it should have read, `It is not a sin if one did not perform
Tawaf around them.' Rather, the Ayah was revealed regarding the Ansar, who before Islam,
used to assume Ihlal (or Ihram for Hajj) in the area of Mushallal for their idol Manat that
they used to worship. Those who assumed Ihlal for Manat, used to hesitate to perform Tawaf
(going) between Mounts As-Safa and Al-Marwah. So they (during the Islamic era) asked
Allah's Messenger about it, saying, `O Messenger of Allah! During the time of Jahiliyyah, we
used to hesitate to perform Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwah.' Allah then revealed: 
َ 5ِ ِ ‫ف‬
َ  h
 8َ ‫ أَن‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ ‫ح‬
َ َ%G
ُ T
َ َD َ َ َ #
ْ ‫ َأ ِو ا‬R
َ ْBَ ْ ‫Œ ا‬
 َ= ْ َ Dَ Lِ " ‫َ€<ِ ِ ا‬CX
َ ِA ‫َ وَا ْ َ ْ َو َة‬
 ‫ن ا‬
 ‫( ِإ‬Verily, As-Safa and AlMarwah are of the symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or `Umrah of
the House to perform the going (Tawaf) between them.)'' `A'ishah then said, " Allah's
Messenger has made it the Sunnah to perform Tawaf between them (As-Safa and AlMarwah), and thus, no one should abandon performing Tawaf between them.'' This Hadith is
reported in the Sahihayn.
In another narration, Imam Az-Zuhri reported that `Urwah said: Later on I (`Urwah) told
52

Abu Bakr bin `Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham (of `A'ishah's statement) and he
said, "I have not heard of such information. However, I heard learned men saying that all the
people, except those whom `A'ishah mentioned, said, `Our Tawaf between these two hills is a
practice of Jahiliyyah. ' Some others among the Ansar said, `We were commanded to perform
Tawaf of the Ka`bah, but not between As-Safa and Al-Marwah.' So Allah revealed: 
L" ‫َ€<ِ ِ ا‬CX
َ ِA َ‫َ وَا ْ َ ْ َوة‬
 ‫ن ا‬
 ‫( ِإ‬Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Allah.)'' Abu
Bakr bin `Abdur-Rahman then said, "It seems that this verse was revealed concerning the two
groups.'' Al-Bukhari collected a similar narration by Anas.
Ash-Sha`bi said, "Isaf (an idol) was on As-Safa while Na'ilah (an idol) was on Al-Marwah, and
they used to touch (or kiss) them. After Islam came, they were hesitant about performing
Tawaf between them. Thereafter, the Ayah (2:158 above) was revealed.''
Muslim recorded a long Hadith in his Sahih from Jabir, in which Allah's Messenger finished
the Tawaf around the House, and then went back to the Rukn (pillar, i.e., the Black Stone) and
kissed it. He then went out from the door near As-Safa while reciting: 
L" ‫َ€<ِ ِ ا‬CX
َ ِA َ‫َ وَا ْ َ ْ َوة‬
 ‫ن ا‬
 ‫( ِإ‬Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Allah.) The
Prophet then said, (I start with what Allah has commanded me to start with meaning start
the Sa`i (i.e., fast walking) from the As-Safa). In another narration of An-Nasa'i, the Prophet
said, (Start with what Allah has started with (i.e., As-Safa).)
Imam Ahmad reported that Habibah bint Abu Tajrah said, "I saw Allah's Messenger
performing Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwah, while the people were in front of him and
he was behind them walking in Sa`i. I saw his garment twisted around his knees because of
the fast walking in Sa`i (he was performing) and he was reciting:
 ‫ ُ ا‬Vُ ْ "َ#
َ (
َ َ‫ َآ‬W
َ ‫نا‬
 fَِD ‫ْا‬Cَ @
ْ ‫»ا‬. (Perform Sa`i, for Allah has prescribed Sa`i on you.)'''
«)ْC

This Hadith was used as a proof for the fact that Sa`i is a Rukn of Hajj. It was also said that
Sa`i is Wajib, and not a Rukn of Hajj and that if one does not perform it by mistake or by
intention, he could expiate the shortcoming with Damm. Allah has stated that Tawaf between
As-Safa and Al-Marwah is among the symbols of Allah, meaning, among the acts that Allah
legislated during the Hajj for Prophet Ibrahim.
Earlier we mentioned the Hadith by Ibn `Abbas that the origin of Tawaf comes from the
Tawaf of Hajar (Prophet Ibrahim's wife), between As-Safa and Al-Marwah seeking water for
her son (Isma`il) Ibrahim had left them in Makkah, where there was no habitation for her.
When Hajar feared that her son would die, she stood up and begged Allah for His help and
kept going back and forth in that blessed area between As-Safa and Al-Marwah. She was
humble, fearful, frightened and meek before Allah. Allah answered her prayers, relieved her
of her loneliness, ended her dilemma and made the well of Zamzam bring forth its water for
her, which is:
ُ ‫َ ُء‬X
ِ ‫ َو‬،ٍCْ ُm ‫َ ُم‬Cm
َ » (A tasty (or nutritional) food and a remedy for the illness.)
«ْ@
Therefore, whoever performs Sa`i between As-Safa and Al-Marwah should remember his
meekness, humbleness and need for Allah to guide his heart, lead his affairs to success and
forgive his sins. He should also want Allah to eliminate his shortcomings and errors and to
53

guide him to the straight path. He should ask Allah to keep him firm on this path until he
meets death, and to change his situation from that of sin and errors to that of perfection and
being forgiven, --- the same providence which was provided to Hajar.
Allah then states: 
‫ ًْا‬O
َ َ‫ ع‬h
َ َ َA‫(  َو‬And whoever does good voluntarily.)
It was said that the Ayah describes performing Tawaf more than seven times, it was also said
that it refers to voluntary `Umrah or Hajj. It was also said that it means volunteering to do
good works in general, as Ar-Razi has stated. The third opinion was attributed to Al-Hasan
Al-Basri. Allah knows best.
Allah states: 
ِ"َ# ٌ‫َ ِآ‬X Lَ " ‫ن ا‬fِDَ  (...then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower.) meaning, Allah's reward
is immense for the little deed, and He knows about the sufficiency of the reward. Hence, He
will not award insufficient rewards to anyone. Indeed:  
ِYَ# ‫ًْا‬G‫ َأ‬Lُ ْ ُ  ِA ‫ت‬
ِ ْEُ8‫َ َو‬5ْ Cِ ‫َـ‬a8ُ .ً %َ

َ =
َ Z
ُ َ ‫ َْ َل َذ رةٍ َوإِن‬Aِ ُ "ِ ْY8َ [َ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫(  ِإ‬Surely, Allah wrongs not even of
the weight of an atom, but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a
great reward.) (4:40)

54

8. QS Al Baqarah 2:130-132 
ِJ"ِ‫ ا ـ‬
َ ِ َ ‫ِ َ ِة‬O[” ‫ِ! ا‬D Lُ  ‫ِ) ا ‚َْ َوِإ‬D Lُ ‫َـ‬%َْ َh^
ْ ‫ وََ َِ ا‬Lُ

َ َْ Lَ ِ@
َ َA [ ‫ ِإْ َهِ َ ِإ‬.ِ "A َ# (
ُ r
َ ْ8َ َA‫َو‬
- ِ َ"‫َـ‬C ْ ‫ب ا‬ 
َ ِ R
ُ ْ "َ@
ْ ‫َ َل َأ‬0 ْ"ِ@
ْ ‫ َأ‬Lُ ‚ ‫ َر‬Lُ َ ‫َ َل‬0 ْ‫ِإذ‬
- ‫
ِ" ُن‬
ْ A‚ َُ‫ َإ [ َوأ‬
 ُ ُ َ T
َ َD 
َ 8 ‫ُ ا‬Vُ َ !َh
َ^
ْ ‫ ا‬Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫! ِإ‬%ِ Bَ ‫َـ‬8 ‫ب‬
ُ ُCْ 8َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ِ%َ ُ ِ‫َ€ ِإ ْ َه‬5ِ !^‫ وَ َو‬
2:130. Dan tidak ada yang benci kepada agama Ibrahim, melainkan orang yang
memperbodoh dirinya sendiri, dan sungguh Kami telah memilihnya di dunia dan
sesungguhnya dia di akhirat benar-benar termasuk orang-orang yang saleh.
2:131. Ketika Tuhannya berfirman kepadanya: "Tunduk patuhlah!" Ibrahim menjawab:
"Aku tunduk patuh kepada Tuhan semesta alam".
2:132. Dan Ibrahim telah mewasiatkan ucapan itu kepada anak-anaknya, demikian pula
Yakub. (Ibrahim berkata): "Hai anak-anakku! Sesungguhnya Allah telah memilih agama ini
bagimu, maka janganlah kamu mati kecuali dalam memeluk agama Islam".
(130. And who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) except him
who fools himself Truly, We chose him in this world and verily, in the Hereafter he will be
among the righteous).
(131. When his Lord said to him, "Submit (i.e. be a Muslim)!'' He said, "I have submitted
myself (as a Muslim) to the Lord of the `Alamin (mankind, Jinn and all that exists).'')
(132. And this (submission to Allah, Islam) was enjoined by Ibrahim (Abraham) upon his sons
and by Ya`qub (Jacob) (saying), "O my sons! Allah has chosen for you the (true) religion, then
die not except as Muslims.'') 
‫ 
ا آ‬ 

َ ِJ ِ ‫ ا‬
َ ِ َ ِ‫ِ َة‬O€ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D Lُ  ‫ِ) ا ‚ َْ َوِإ‬D eُ َ%ْ َh
َ^
ْ ‫ َوَ َ ِ ا‬Lُ

َ َْ Lَ ِ @
َ ْAَ  ‫ ِإ َْاهِ َ ِإ‬.ِ "ِA ْ#
َ (
ُ َrْ8َ ْAَ ‫َو‬
‫د‬G LfD ‫ء‬%J ‫م ا‬A‫"; إ‬g ‫ إاه ا‬." ] g ‫ ا‬W ‫ ا `ك‬A eQ=‫ وأ‬e#‫  ا‬D ‫ر‬V ‫"! ا‬# ‫ ! ردا‬C‫رك و‬B ‫ل‬8
!= LA0 <@ Z ‫) ذ‬D ] O‫ و‬e‫د @ا‬BCA ;‫ آ‬A ‫أ‬B‫ و‬# .Dm L ‫ك‬X‫ و[ أ‬er LCA ‫ع‬8 "D ! C‫رك و‬B L‫= ر‬ 
‫ ا `آ‬A ‫ أ‬A‫ و‬%= ‫رض‬M‫ ا 
ات وا‬hD ‫ي‬-" )5G‫ و‬R5G‫  `آن إ) و‬A ‫م " إ) يء‬0 8 ‫ل‬D L‫ أ‬A ‫أ‬B
‫ آن‬A‫ ! " و‬C ‫ل‬0‫ " و‬85@ LfD )hD ‫ي‬- ‫ون إ[ ا‬BC  A ‫) اء‬%‫ إ‬LA0‫ و‬LM ‫ل إاه‬0 ‫ ! " وإذ‬C ‫ل‬0‫" و‬
‫ ! " إن‬C ‫ل‬0‫ =" " و‬e‫وا‬M ‫ إن إاه‬L%A ‫أ‬B W ‫و‬# L‫ أ‬L B  "D e8‫ه إ‬#‫ة و‬#A # [‫ إ‬LM ‫ر إاه‬/@‫ا‬
L‫ وإ‬.%
=  ‫) ا‬D e%n‫ 
و‬A ‫ إ ! ^اط‬e‫ وها‬eBG‫ ا‬L CM ‫آا‬X ‫ ا `آ‬A Z8  ‫ و‬%= W 0 .A‫إاه آن أ‬
L5 
L 
"‘ ‫ " أي‬L 
L@ A [‫ إاه إ‬."A # (r8 A‫ " و‬: ! C ‫ل‬0 L A‫ا وأ‬-5 ‫" و‬J  ‫ة  ا‬Ox‫) ا‬D
W‫ ا‬e-g‫ إ ! أن ا‬L%@ .Q‫ =ا‬A ‫د‬X ‫ وا‬.8‫ا‬5"  ‫) ا‬D )h^‫ ا‬A c8m ] O o= ‫ل‬Ta ‫ إ ! ا‬cJ ‫ ا‬L‫ آ‬e ‫و@ء‬ 
A Y#‫ أ‬L@ ‫?ي‬D )/ ‫ وا‬. Ta ‫ق ا‬m IB‫ وا‬L"A‫ و‬LV"
A‫ا و‬-‫ ه‬L8m ‫  ك‬D ‫اء‬C
‫ ا‬J  ‫ ا‬A ‫ة‬Ox‫) ا‬D ‫ وه‬T"O
‫د‬5 ‫) ا‬D .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬R 2 : ‫دة‬0‫ و‬. C ‫ل أ ا‬0 " Y# "Y ‫ " إن ا `ك‬: ! C ‫ل‬0 L"‫ا آ‬-‫ ه‬A B‫ا ؟ أم أي ‘" أآ‬-‫ه‬ 
‫ آن إاه‬A " ! C W‫ل ا‬0 ‫ا ا ل‬-‫ ه‬.J 5`8‫ و‬eQ=‫  أ‬D ‫ إاه‬."A ‫ ا‬O‫ و‬W‫ ا‬%# A R 
8m ‫ا‬Q=‫أ‬
‫ا‬%An 8- ‫) وا‬B% ‫ا ا‬-‫ وه‬eCB‫ ا‬8-" ‫اه‬f ‫س‬% ‫ ا `آ إن أو ! ا‬A ‫ آن‬A‫
"  و‬A %= ‫ آن‬V ‫ و[ ا و‬8‫د‬58 
%AE ‫ و ) ا‬W‫ " وا‬.
َِ ََC ْ ‫ب ا‬ 
َ ِ R
ُ ْ "َْ@‫َلَ َأ‬0 ْ"ِ @
ْ ‫ َأ‬Lُ ‚ َ‫ ر‬Lُ َ ‫َ َل‬0 ْ‫ِإذ‬
‫را‬0‫ و‬#X Z ‫ب إ ! ذ‬G?D ‫م وا[د‬T 
@[‫ص وا‬TOU ! C W‫ ا‬eA‫ أي أ‬.
ُْ ْ‫ ِإ  َوَأ‬
 ُ ُ َ َ"َD 
َ 8 ‫ُُ ا‬V َ !َh
َ^
ْ ‫ ا‬Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫) ِإ‬
 %ِ َ َ8 ‫ب‬
ُ ُCْ 8َ ‫ِ َو‬Lِ%َ ُ ِ‫َ ِإ َْاه‬5ِ !^‫وَ َو‬
" L 0 )‫ وه‬. "V ‫"! ا‬#  a ‫د ا‬C8 ‫ أو‬W ‫م‬T@U‫ وه) ا‬." ‫ ا‬e-5 !^‫ب" أي و‬C8‫ و‬L% ‫ إاه‬5 !^‫ " وو‬L 0‫و‬
55

" ! C L ‫ه آ‬C A 5 ‫ءه‬%‫ة وو^ا أ‬D ‫ إ ! = ا‬5"# ‫ا‬YD= 5 5BJA‫ و‬5"# 5^J " C ‫ ب ا‬R "@‫أ‬
‫ب‬C8 L%‫ وا ا‬L% !^‫ آ?ن إاه و‬L% !"# h# (%  ‫ب‬C8‫‰ ا
"] و‬C ‫أ‬0 0‫ " و‬LB# )D .0 . "‫ آ‬5"CG‫و‬
‫ا‬-‫; ه‬A ‫ج‬J8‫ة إاه و‬D‫ و‬C  ‫ب إ  و‬C8 ‫ أن‬L%# )Bm ‫ ا‬eV=  D ‫! ا `ي‬#‫ اد‬0‫ و‬Z ‫ا ذ‬d= ‫ق وآن‬J@‫ إ‬
" L 0 )D  5 RC0‫`رة و‬B ‫ن ا‬M ‫"; و@رة‬g ‫) =ة ا‬D ‫ب‬C8 L  ‫ق و‬J@‫" أن إ‬#‫ أ‬W‫ه وا‬Y ‫ وا‬KJ^ ; ‫إ ! د‬ 
5= )D ‫ب‬C8 G8  "D ‰Dg ‫ع ا‬2 !"# %‫ب هه‬C8 (% ‫ئ‬0 0‫ب " و‬C8 ‫ق‬J@‫ وراء إ‬A‫ق و‬J@f ‫`ه‬BD 
%"CG‫ب و‬C8‫ق و‬J@‫ إ‬L %B‫ت " ووه‬BV%C ‫) @رة ا‬D ! C W‫ل ا‬0 D a8‫<ة وأ‬D B‫ق آ‬J@‫ إ‬.8‫  ذر‬A e‫آ‬- ‫  آن‬ 
a8‫ وأ‬L= )D G‫ و‬L‫) أ‬a8 ‫ا‬-‫ وه‬."D ‫ب‬C8‫ق و‬J@‫ إ‬L %B‫ى ووه‬OM‫ ا‬.8x‫) ا‬D ‫ل‬0‫ و‬.8x‫ب " ا‬V ‫ة وا‬B% ‫ ا‬L8‫) ذر‬D 
6
A ‫ أي‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : R"0 ‫ أ) ذر‬o8= A JJ ‫) ا‬D RBQ‫ و‬.A ‫( ا‬V ‫ ا‬Z - Rh  ‫ ا س آ‬R ) LfD 
‫ ا‬#2D o8J ‫ " ا‬.%@ ‫ن‬C‫ل " أر‬0 :  5% ‫ آ‬R"0 " ‫ ا س‬R " ‫ل‬0 ‫ أي ؟‬Q R"0 " ‫ام‬J ‫ ا‬6
‫ل " ا‬0 ‫ أول ؟‬Id‫و‬
‫ا‬-‫ وه‬.%@ C‫ و إاه أر‬- LDO‫ وز‬L‫ا‬O C e‫د‬G ‫ وإ  آن‬- ‫ ا س‬R ) L‫ أ‬#‫ي ا‬- ‫ن أن  @" ن ا‬B= 
B80 ‫ @?) ذآه‬L%B ‫ب‬C8 .^‫ن و‬fD a8‫" وأ‬#‫ أ‬W‫ وا‬%
‫"! أ ف ا‬# 82  5% ‫ن ا ة‬fD ‫ن‬B= ‫"! ا‬# V‫  أ‬A
)D ‫ا‬%
=‫
" ن أي أ‬A ‫   إ[ وأ‬TD 8 ‫ ا‬V !h^‫ ا‬W‫) إن ا‬% 8 L 0‫ ا ^ و‬." G A %‫ هه‬L‫"! أ‬# ‫ل‬8 ‫ا‬-‫وه‬
W‫ى ا‬G‫ أ‬0‫ و‬L"# ‫ت‬A A !"# oCB8‫ و‬L"# ‫ آن‬A !"# B r ‫ ت‬8 ‫ن ا ء‬fD L"# ‫ة‬D ‫ ا‬W‫ ا‬V0‫ا ز‬-‫ا ه‬A2 ‫ة وا‬J ‫=ل ا‬
" KJ ‫ ا‬o8J ‫) ا‬D ‫ء‬G A ‫رض‬C8 [ ‫ا‬-‫ وه‬L"# RBQ J ^ ‫ ى‬A‫ و‬L"# 
8‫ و‬L cD‫ و‬g ‫ ا‬0 A ‫ ?ن‬L‫د‬# 8V ‫ا‬
‫ وإن‬5"OD ‫ر‬% ‫ ; أه; ا‬C ; CD ‫ب‬V ‫ ا‬L"# cB 
D ‫ إ[ ع أو ذراع‬5%‫ و‬L% ‫ن‬V8 A != .%6 ‫ ; أه; ا‬C ; C ;G ‫إن ا‬
LM "5"OD .%6 ‫ ; أه; ا‬C ; CD ‫ب‬V ‫ ا‬L"# cB 
D ‫ إ[ ع أو ذراع‬5%‫ و‬L% ‫ن‬V8 A != ‫ر‬% ‫ ; أه; ا‬C ; C ;G ‫ا‬
W‫ل ا‬0 0‫س " و‬%" ‫و‬B8  D ‫ر‬% ‫ ; أه; ا‬C‫س و‬%" ‫و‬B8  D .%6 ‫ ; أه; ا‬C ; CD " o8J ‫ا ا‬-‫ت ه‬8‫‰ روا‬C )D ‫ء‬G 0
‫ 
ى‬C" e 
%
D !%
J  ‫ب‬-‫! وآ‬%/@‫; وا‬g A A‫ " 
ى وأ‬e 
%
D !%
J  ‫! وا! و^ق‬h#‫ أ‬A A?D " ! C " .
Allah refuted the disbelievers' innovations of associating others with Allah in defiance of the
religion of Ibrahim, the leader of the upright. Ibrahim always singled out Allah in worship,
with sincerity, and he did not call upon others besides Allah. He did not commit Shirk, even
for an instant. He disowned every other deity that was being worshipped instead of Allah and
defied all his people in this regard. Prophet Ibrahim said, 
َhDَ ‫ِى‬-" ِ َ!5ِ G
ْ َ‫ و‬R
ُ 5ْ G
 ‫ ِإ! َو‬- ‫ن‬
َ ُ‫` ِآ‬
ْ ُ  A ٌ‫ َْ ِم ِإ! َِىء‬8 َ‫َل‬0 ْR"ََD‫ََ" € َأ‬D ُ Bَ ‫ َأ ْآ‬nَ-‫َا َر! هَـ‬-‫َلَ هَـ‬0 .ً r
َ ‫{ َ ِز‬
َ ْ `
 ‫َ"َ  َرأَى ا‬D 
َِ‫` ِآ‬
ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ َْ ‫َ€ َأ‬A‫ًِ َو‬%َ= ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫ت وَا ”[ر‬
ِ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫ا‬
(O my people! I am indeed free from all that you join as partners (in worship with Allah).
Verily, I have turned my face towards Him Who has created the heavens and the earth Hanifa
(Islamic Monotheism), and I am not of Al-Mushrikin.) (6:78-79). Also, Allah said, 

ِ 8ِ5ْ َ@
َ ُL fِDَ !َِ َhDَ ‫ِى‬- ‫ ِإ [ ا‬- َ‫ُون‬Bُ Cْ َ  A ‫ ٌء‬nََ !ِ% ‫ ِإ‬Lِ Aِ َْ0‫ َو‬Lِ ِ[Š ُ ِ‫َ َل إِ ْ َه‬0 ْ‫ َوِإذ‬
(And (remember) when Ibrahim said to his father and his people: "Verily, I am innocent of
what you worship. "Except Him (i.e. I worship none but Allah alone) Who did create me; and
verily, He will guide me'') (43:26-27), 
ٌِ"=
َ ٌe‫وا‬Mَ َ ِ‫ن ِإ ْ َه‬
 ‫ ِإ‬Lُ %ْ Aِ ‫ َأ‬Bَ َ Lِ "ِ ”‫ ُو‬#
َ Lُ  ‫ َأ‬Lُ َ 
َ  Bَ َ  َ"Dَ ُe8‫َهَ€ ِإ‬#
َ ‫َ ٍة َو‬#
ِ ْA َ# [ ‫ ِإ‬Lِ ِ[Š َِ‫َ ُر ِإ ْ َه‬/ْ ِ @
ْ ‫نا‬
َ َ‫َ آ‬A‫ َو‬
(And Ibrahim's invoking (of Allah) for his father's forgiveness was only because of a promise
he (Ibrahim) had made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him (Ibrahim) that he
(his father) was an enemy of Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily, Ibrahim was
Awwah (one who invokes Allah with humility, glorifies Him and remembers Him much) and
was forbearing) (9:114), and, 
َْ ‚ ْ ‫ِ! ا‬D Lُ ‫َـ‬%ْ َ ‫ وَءا‬- ٍَِ

ْ A‚ ٍ‫ ِإ َ! ^ِ َط‬eُ ‫ َو َهَا‬Lُ ‫َـ‬Bَ G
ْ ‫ِ ا‬L ِ Cُ ْ [ ً‫َآِا‬X - 
َ ِ‫` ِآ‬
ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ Z
ُ 8َ ْ ََ‫ًِ و‬%=
َ Lِ "ِ ً%ِ ‫َـ‬0 .ً A ‫ن ُأ‬
َ َ‫ن ِإ ْ َهِ َ آ‬
 ‫ِإ‬ 
َِJ"ِ‫ َ ِة َ ِ َ ا ـ‬O
ِ [” ‫ِ! ا‬D Lُ  ‫ َوِإ‬.ً َ%

َ َ=
(Verily, Ibrahim was an Ummah (a leader having all the good qualities, or a nation), obedient
56

to Allah, Hanif (i.e. to worship none but Allah), and he was not one of those who were AlMushrikin. (He was) thankful for His (Allah's) favors. He (Allah) chose him (as an intimate
friend) and guided him to a straight path. And We gave him good in this world, and in the
Hereafter he shall be of the righteous.) (16:120-122).
This is why Allah said here, 
َِ‫ ِإ ْ َه‬.ِ "A َ# (
ُ r
َ ْ8َ َA‫ َو‬
(And who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim), meaning, abandons his path, way and
method 
ُL

َ َْ Lَ ِ @
َ َA [ ‫ِإ‬
(except him who fools himself) meaning, who commits injustice against himself by deviating
from the truth, to wickedness. Such a person will be defying the path of he who was chosen in
this life to be a true Imam, from the time he was young, until Allah chose him to be His Khalil,
and who shall be among the successful in the Last Life. Is there anything more insane than
deviating from this path and following the path of misguidance and deviation instead Is there
more injustice than this Allah said, 
ٌِY#
َ ٌ"ْ Y
ُ َ ‫ك‬
َ ْ` 
‫ن ا‬
 ‫ِإ‬
(Verily, joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed) (31:13).
Abu Al-`Aliyah and Qatadah said, "This Ayah (2:130) was revealed about the Jews who
invented a practice that did not come from Allah and that defied the religion of Ibrahim.''
Allah's statement,
‫َا‬-‫ َوهَـ‬eُ ُCBَ ‫ ا‬
َ 8ِ-"َ َ ِ‫ ْ َه‬fِِ ‫س‬
ِ % ‫ن َأوْ َ! ا‬
 ‫ ِإ‬- 
َ ِ‫` ِآ‬
ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ َ‫َ آَن‬A‫
ِ" ً َو‬
ْ A‚ ًِ%=
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ِ آ‬V َ‫َا ِŠ َو‬
ْ َ [َ ‫Š َو‬8‫ُ ِد‬5َ8 ُ ِ‫ن ِإ ْ َه‬
َ َ‫َ آ‬A 

َ ِ%Aِ ْE ُ ْ ‫! ا‬
‚ ِ ‫ َو‬Lُ " ‫ُ ْا وَا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫!‚ وَا‬Bِ % ‫ا‬
(Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true Muslim Hanifa (to worship
none but Allah alone) and he was not of Al-Mushrikin. Verily, among mankind who have the
best claim to Ibrahim are those who followed him, and this Prophet (Muhammad ) and those
who have believed (Muslims). And Allah is the Wali (Protector and Helper) of the believers.)
(3:67-68), testifies to this fact.
Allah said next, 

َ ِ "َ‫َـ‬C ْ ‫ب ا‬ 
َ ِ R
ُ ْ َ"@
ْ ‫َلَ َأ‬0 ِْ"@
ْ ‫ َأ‬Lُ ‚ ‫ َر‬Lُ َ َ‫َل‬0 ْ‫ِإذ‬
(When his Lord said to him, "Submit (i. e. be a Muslim)!'' He said, "I have submitted myself
(as a Muslim) to the Lord of the `Alamin (mankind, Jinn and all that exists).'')
This Ayah indicates that Allah commanded Ibrahim to be sincere with Him and to abide and
submit to Him; Ibrahim perfectly adhered to Allah's command. Allah's statement, 
ُ‫ُْب‬C8َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ِ%َ ُ ِ‫َ€ ِإ ْ َه‬5ِ !^‫ َو َو‬

57

(And this (submission to Allah, Islam) was enjoined by Ibrahim upon his sons and by Ya`qub)
means, Ibrahim commanded his offspring to follow this religion, that is, Islam, for Allah. Or,
the Ayah might be referring to Ibrahim's words, 
َِ "َ‫َـ‬C ْ ‫ب ا‬ 
َ ِ R
ُ ْ "َ@
ْ ‫َأ‬
(I have submitted myself (as a Muslim) to the Lord of the `Alamin (mankind, Jinn and all that
exists)).
This means that these Prophets loved these words so much that they preserved them until the
time of death and advised their children to adhere to them after them. Similarly, Allah said, 
ِLBِ ِ #
َ !ِD .ً َ ِ‫ َـ‬.ً َ "َِ‫َ آ‬5"َCَ G
َ ‫ َو‬
(And he (Ibrahim) made it i.e. La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshipped but
Allah alone) a Word lasting among his offspring, (true Monotheism)) (43:28).
It might be that Ibrahim advised his children, including Jacob, Isaac's son, who were present.
It appears, and Allah knows best, that Isaac was endowed with Jacob, during the lifetime of
Ibrahim and Sarah, for the good news includes both of them in Allah's statement, 
َ‫ُب‬Cْ 8َ c
َ ‫َـ‬J@
ْ ‫ ِء ِإ‬nَ‫ِ َور‬A‫ َو‬c
َ ‫َـ‬J@
ْ fِِ َ5‫`َْـ‬Bَ Dَ 
(But We gave her (Sarah) glad tidings of Ishaq (Isaac), and after Ishaq, of Ya`qub (Jacob))
(11:71).
Also, if Jacob was not alive then, there would be no use here in mentioning him specifically
among Isaac's children. Also, Allah said in Surat Al-`Ankabut, 
َ(‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫ ةَ وَا‬Bُ ‚% ‫ ا‬Lِ ِ 8 ‫ِ! ذُ ر‬D َ%"ْ Cَ G
َ ‫ب َو‬
َ ُCْ 8َ ‫ َو‬c
َ ‫َـ‬J@
ْ ‫ ِإ‬Lُ َ َ%Bْ ‫ َو َو َه‬
(And We bestowed on him (Ibrahim), Ishaq and Ya`qub, and We ordained among his
offspring prophethood and the Book.) (29:27), and, 
ً."َِDَ ‫ب‬
َ ُCْ 8َ ‫ َو‬c
َ ‫َـ‬J@
ْ ‫ ِإ‬Lُ َ َ%Bْ ‫ َووَ َه‬
(And We bestowed upon him Ishaq, and (a grandson) Ya`qub) (21:72), thus, indicating that
this occurred during Ibrahim's lifetime. Also, Jacob built Bayt Al-Maqdis, as earlier books
testified. The Two Sahihs recorded that Abu Dharr said, "I said, `O Messenger of Allah!
Which Masjid was built first' He said, (Al-Masjid Al-Haram (Al-Ka`bah).) I said, `Then' He
said, (Bayt Al- Maqdis.) I said, `How many years later' He said, (Forty years. )'' Further, the
advice that Jacob gave to his children, which we will soon mention, testifies that Jacob was
among those who received the advice mentioned in Ayat above (2:130-132).
Allah said, 
َ‫
ِ" ُن‬
ْ A‚ َُ‫ َإ [ َوأ‬
 ُ ُ َ T
َ َD 
َ 8 ‫ُ ا‬Vُ َ !َh
َ^
ْ ‫ ا‬Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫! ِإ‬%ِ Bَ ‫َـ‬8
((Saying), "O my sons! Allah has chosen for you the (true) religion, then die not except as
Muslims.'') meaning, perform righteous deeds during your lifetime and remain on this path,
58

so that Allah will endow you with the favor of dying upon it. Usually, one dies upon the path
that he lived on and is resurrected according to what he died on. Allah, the Most Generous,
helps those who seek to do good deeds to remain on the righteous path.
This by no means contradicts the authentic Hadith that says,
.َ5"ُO
ُ َْ Dَ ‫ر‬% ‫ َ ِ; َأ ْه;ِ ا‬Cَ ِ ;ُ َ CَDَ ‫ب‬
ُ َVِ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ْ َ"#
َ c
ُ ِB

ْ َDَ ٌ‫َ ِإ  َعٌ َأوْ ِذرَاع‬5%َ ْ َ َ‫ و‬Lُ %َ َْ ‫ن‬
ُ ُV8َ َA !‫=ّـ‬
َ .ِ % 6
َ ْ ‫ َ ِ; َأ ْه ِ; ا‬Cَ ِ ;ُ َ ْCَ َ ;َ ُG ‫ن ا‬
 ‫»ِإ‬
«َ5"ُُOَْ Dَ .ِ % 6
َ ْ ‫ َ ِ; َأ ْه ِ; ا‬Cَ  ;ُ َ Cْ َ Dَ ‫ب‬
ُ َِV ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ْ َ"#
َ c
ُ Bِ

ْ َDَ ٌ‫َ ِإ  َعٌ أَو ِذرَاع‬5%َ ْ َ َ‫ و‬Lُ َ%ْ َ ‫ن‬
ُ ُVَ8 َA !=
َ ‫ ِر‬% ‫ َ ِ; أَه ِ; ا‬Cَ  ;ُ َ ْCَ َ ;َ ُG ‫ن ا‬
 ‫َوِإ‬
(Man might perform the works of the people of Paradise until only a span of outstretched
arms or a cubit separates him from it, then the Book (destiny) takes precedence, and he
performs the works of the people of the Fire and thus enters it. Also, man might perform the
works of the people of the Fire until only a span of outstretched arms or a cubit separates him
from the Fire, but the Book takes precedence and he performs the works of the people of
Paradise and thus enters it.) Allah said, (92:5-10), 
‫ 
َى‬
ْ Cُ "ْ ِ eُ ُ 

َ %ُ

َ َD - !َ%

ْ ُJ ْ ِ َ‫ب‬- ‫ َو َآ‬- !َ%/ْ َ @
ْ ‫ِ َ; وَا‬gَ َA A‫ َوَأ‬- ‫ 
َى‬
ْ ُ ْ" ِ ُeُ  
َ %ُ َ
Dَ - !َ%

ْ ُJ ْ ِ ‫ق‬
َ ^
َ ‫ َو‬- !َ ‫َ! وَا‬h#
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ A?َDَ 
(As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and fears Him. And believes in
Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness). But he who is a greedy
miser and thinks himself self-sufficient. And belies Al-Husna (none has the right to be
worshipped except Allah). We will make smooth for him the path for evil),

59

9. QS Al Baqarah 2:185-186 
‫ً أَو‬a8ِAَ َ‫َ آَن‬A‫ َو‬Lُ ْ 
ُ َ "ْ َD َ 5ْ `
 ‫ُ ُ ا‬V%ِA َ 5ِ X
َ َ Dَ ‫ن‬
ِ َ0ُْ ْ ‫َى وَا‬5ُ ْ ‫َ ا‬A R
ٍ ‫َـ‬% َ‫س َو‬
ِ %" ‫نُ ُهًى‬nُْ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ِD ‫ِ َل‬2ُ‫ِى أ‬- ‫ن ا‬
َ َaAَ ‫ُ َر‬5ْ X
َ
‫ُون‬Vُ `
ْ َ ْVُ "َC َ‫َ َهَا ُآْ َو‬A !َ"َ# Lَ " ‫ُواْ ا‬B Vَ ُ ِ ‫ِ ةَ َو‬C ْ ‫ ِ "ُاْ ا‬Vْ ُ ِ‫
ْ َ َو‬Cُ ْ ‫ ُ ا‬Vُ ِ ُ 8ُِ8 [َ ‫ 
َ َو‬
ْ ُ ْ ‫ُ ُ ا‬Vِ Lُ " ‫ُ ا‬8ِ8ُ َ َO‫مٍ ُأ‬8‫ْ َأ‬A ٌ‫ِ ة‬CDَ ٍ َ @
َ !َ"#
َ  
‫ُون‬X
ُ ْ8َ ْ5ُ "Cَ َ !ِ ْ‫ُا‬%ِAEْ ُ ْ ‫ُاْ ِ! َو‬Bِ6َ

ْ َ"ْ َD ‫ن‬
ِ َ#‫ع ِإذَا َد‬
ِ ‫ َةَ ا ا‬#
ْ ‫( َد‬
ُ ِG‫(ٌ ُأ‬8ِ0َ )ِfDَ )%#
َ ‫َدِي‬Bِ# َZ َ?َ@
َ ‫ َوِإذَا‬
2:185. (Beberapa hari yang ditentukan itu ialah) bulan Ramadan, bulan yang di dalamnya
diturunkan (permulaan) Al Qur'an sebagai petunjuk bagi manusia dan penjelasan-penjelasan
mengenai petunjuk itu dan pembeda (antara yang hak dan yang batil). Karena itu, barang
siapa di antara kamu hadir (di negeri tempat inggalnya) di bulan itu, maka hendaklah ia
berpuasa pada bulan itu, dan barang siapa sakit atau dalam perjalanan (lalu ia berbuka),
maka (wajiblah baginya berpuasa), sebanyak hari yang ditinggalkannya itu, pada hari-hari
yang lain. Allah menghendaki kemudahan bagimu, dan tidak menghendaki kesukaran
bagimu. Dan hendaklah kamu mencukupkan bilangannya dan hendaklah kamu
mengagungkan Allah atas petunjuk-Nya yang diberikan kepadamu, supaya kamu bersyukur.
2:186. Dan apabila hamba-hamba-Ku bertanya kepadamu tentang Aku, maka (jawablah),
bahwasanya Aku adalah dekat. Aku mengabulkan permohonan orang yang berdoa apabila ia
memohon kepada-Ku, maka hendaklah mereka itu memenuhi (segala perintah) Ku dan
hendaklah mereka beriman kepada-Ku, agar mereka selalu berada dalam kebenaran.
(185. The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for mankind and
clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you
sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan, i.e., is present at his home),
he must observe Sawm (fasting) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same
number of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasting) must be made up from other
days. Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He
wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah 
i.e., to say Takbir (Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Most Great) for having guided you so that you
may be grateful to Him.)
(186. And when My servants ask you (O Muhammad concerning Me, then answer them), I am
indeed near (to them by My knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when
he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me,
so that they may be led aright.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
‫ً أَو‬a8ِAَ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ْ آ‬Aَ ‫ َو‬Lُ ْ 
ُ َْ"Dَ َ 5ْ ` ‫ُ ُ ا‬V%ْ Aِ َ 5ِ X
َ ْ َ Dَ ِ‫َن‬0ُْ ْ ‫َى وَا‬5ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ت‬
ٍ َ%َ ‫س َو‬
ِ %"ِ ‫ن ُهًى‬
ُ nُْ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ِD ‫ َل‬2ِ ْ ‫ِي ُأ‬- ‫ن ا‬
َ َaAَ ‫ ُ َر‬5ْ X
َ
‫ُون‬Vُ `
ْ َ ْVُ "Cَ َ‫َ َهَا ُآْ َو‬A !َ"#
َ Lَ " ‫ُوا ا‬BVَ ُ ِ‫ ةَ َو‬Cِ ْ ‫ ِ "ُا ا‬Vْ ُ َِ‫
َ و‬
ْ Cُ ْ ‫ ُ ا‬Vُ ِ ُ 8ُِ8 َ ‫
َ َو‬
ْ ُ ْ ‫ُ ا‬Vُ ِ Lُ " ‫ ُ ا‬8ُِ8 َ O
َ ‫مٍ ُأ‬8‫ْ َأ‬Aِ ٌ‫ة‬Cِ Dَ ٍَ @
َ !َ"َ#
L? o8J ‫ ورد ا‬0 Z - LO‫ وآ  ا‬YC ‫ن ا‬n ‫ال ا‬2U 5% A e‫ر‬O‫ر ?ن ا‬5` ‫  @< ا‬A ‫ ا م‬5X ! C ‫ ح‬8 
X‫) ه‬% ! A C@ ‫ أ‬%Q= W‫ ا‬L =‫; ر‬B%=   =‫م أ‬AU‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬0 ‫ء‬BM‫"! ا‬# LD ‫ل‬2% .5 U‫( ا‬V ‫ ا‬R‫ي آ‬- ‫ ا‬5` ‫ا‬
R 2‫ل " أ‬0 : "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ أن ر@ل ا‬I@M‫) ا ا‬%C8 ."Q‫ وا‬# K"D )‫ أ‬# ‫دة‬0 # ‫ام‬C ‫ ان أ ا‬# %Q=
‫ل‬2‫ن وأ‬aA‫ ر‬A R"O ‫`ة‬# ‫ث‬T ;6U‫ن وا‬aA‫ ر‬A aA R
‫ ا راة‬R 2‫ن وأ‬aA‫ ر‬A ." ‫) أول‬D ‫] إاه‬J^
R"O ‫`ة‬# )% ‫ل‬2‫ر أ‬2 ‫ " أن ا‬: LD‫ و‬W‫ ا‬B#  G o8= A ‫ روي‬0‫ن " و‬aA‫ ر‬A R"O 8`#‫ و‬I‫ر‬M ‫ن‬n ‫ ا‬W‫ا‬ 
5%A ;‫ل آ‬2%D ;6U‫ر وا‬2 ‫] وا راة وا‬J ‫ ا‬A‫ وأ‬L8‫دو‬A ‫ ا‬e‫) آ  م روا‬0B ‫`ة" وا‬# )  ;6U‫ن وا‬aA‫ ر‬A 
5X )D Z ‫ ا 
ء ا  وآن ذ‬A ‫ة‬2C ‫ ا‬R ! ‫ وا=ة إ‬." G ‫ل‬2  fD ‫ن‬n ‫ ا‬A‫ وا=ة وأ‬." G L"# ‫ل‬2‫ي أ‬- ‫) ا‬B% ‫"! ا‬# 
0A eC ‫ل‬2 Q " .‫رآ‬BA ." )D e% 2‫ل " إ أ‬0‫ ا ر " و‬." )D e% 2‫ ! " إ أ‬C ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬L%A ‫ ا ر‬." )D ‫ن‬aA‫ر‬ 
# ‫ ا 
ي‬# ;<‫ل إ@ا‬0  ‫س آ‬B# ‫ ا‬# LG‫ و‬r A ‫ا روي‬-V‫ و@" ه‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫"! ر@ل ا‬# I<0 ‫
( ا‬J 
5X " ! C W‫ل ا‬0 Z` ‫) ا‬B"0 )D I0‫ و‬: ‫ل‬D ‫@د‬M‫  ا‬.h# ‫ @?ل‬L‫س أ‬B# ‫ ا‬#  
A #  6 ‫   أ) ا‬JA
‫ال‬X )D ‫ل‬2‫ أ‬0‫ ا ر " و‬." )D e% 2‫" إ أ‬L 0‫ " و‬.‫رآ‬BA ." )D e% 2‫ " إ أ‬L 0‫ن" و‬n ‫ ا‬LD ‫ل‬2‫ي أ‬- ‫ن ا‬aA‫ر‬
60

‫و‪ )D‬ذي ا ‪C‬ة و‪ )D‬ذي ا ‪ .6J‬و‪ )D‬ا ‪J‬م و^ و‪ 5X‬ر‪D I‬ل ا ‪B#‬س ‪ :‬إ‪ L‬أ‪2‬ل ‪ )D‬ر‪aA‬ن ‪ ." )D‬ا ر و‪." )D‬‬
‫‪BA‬رآ‪ ." G .‬وا=ة ‪ Q‬أ‪2‬ل ‪A !"#‬ا‪ I0‬ا ‪6%‬م ‪ )D T‬ا `‪5‬ر وا‪8M‬م روا‪ e‬ا أ) = وا ‪A‬دو‪ L8‬وه‪-‬ا ‪ LY‬و‪ )D‬روا‪.8‬‬
‫@‪ # BG  C‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬أ‪2‬ل ا ‪n‬ن ‪ )D‬ا ‪ 5X A ]%‬ر‪aA‬ن إ ! @ ء ا  ‪ R )D ;C6D‬ا ‪2C‬ة ‪ Q‬أ‪2‬ل ‪!"#‬‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪6 .%@ 8`# )D‬اب آ‪T‬م ا ‪%‬س و‪ )D‬روا‪ # .AV# .8‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل ‪2 :‬ل ا ‪n‬ن ‪5X )D‬‬
‫ر‪aA‬ن ‪ ." )D‬ا ر إ ! ه‪ e-‬ا 
ء ا  ‪ ." G‬وا=ة وآن ا‪J8 W‬ث ‪`8 A LB%‬ء و[ ‪)68‬ء ا `آن  ; ‪ ^g8‬ن ‪L‬‬
‫إ[ ‪G‬ءه ا‪6 W‬ا‪ L‬وذ ‪ " L 0 Z‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪ 8-‬آوا [ أ‪2‬ل ‪ L"#‬ا ‪n‬ن ‪ ." G‬وا=ة آ‪ED L RB% Z -‬ادك ور"‪ T e%‬و[‬
‫‪ ;  Z?8‬إ[ ‪% G‬ك  ‪ cJ‬وأ= 
 
ا " و‪ " L 0‬هى "‪%‬س و‪%‬ت ‪ A‬ا ‪5‬ى وا ‪0‬ن " ه‪-‬ا ‪A‬ح "‪n‬ن ا ‪-‬ي أ‪L 2‬‬
‫ا‪ W‬هى "ب ا ‪BC‬د ‪ L An  A‬و^‪ L0‬وا‪ " LCB‬و‪%‬ت " أي ود[<; و=‪ .% Œ6‬وا‪ 5 5D  ."G .Jd‬وه دا ‪.‬‬
‫‪G A .J^ !"#‬ء ‪ A L‬ا ‪5‬ى ا ‪Ta" )D%‬ل وا ‪ X‬ا ‪ )/" ] g‬و‪  0A‬ا ‪ cJ‬وا ‪ ;mB‬وا ‪TJ‬ل وا ‪J‬ام و‪ 0‬روي ‪#‬‬
‫‪ ‰C‬ا
"] أ‪ L‬آ‪ e‬أن ‪8‬ل إ[ ‪ 5X‬ر‪aA‬ن و[ ‪8‬ل ر‪aA‬ن ‪0‬ل ا أ) = =‪ %Q‬أ) =‪V   JA %Q‬ر  ا ‪8‬ن =‪%Q‬‬
‫أ ‪   JA # `CA‬آ‪ (C‬ا ‘) و@‪ C‬ه ا ‪B‬ي ‪ #‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ‪0‬ل ‪  [ :‬ا ر‪aA‬ن ‪fD‬ن ر‪aA‬ن ا@ ‪ A‬أ@ ء ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ ! C‬و ‪ 0 V‬ا ‪ 5X‬ر‪aA‬ن ‪0 -‬ل ا أ) = و‪ 0‬روي ‪6A #‬ه و‪   JA‬آ‪ J (C‬ذ ‪ Z‬ور‪ LD ‡O‬ا ‪B#‬س وز‪8‬‬
‫ ‪ " R"0 " RQ‬أ ‪ `CA‬ه ‪ B#  K6‬ا =  ا ) إ‪A‬م ا ‪/‬زي وا 
و ‪ ]Cd LD V‬و‪ 0‬روا‪ e‬ا‪L%#  JA L%‬‬
‫‪ # #DA L"C6D‬أ) ه‪8‬ة و‪ 0‬أ‪ L"# eV‬ا ‪ vDJ‬ا ‪#‬ي وه ‪VU 8G‬ر ‪A LfD‬وك و‪ 0‬وه ‪ )D‬ر‪ ID‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ o8J‬و‪0‬‬
‫ا ا ‪gB‬ري ر= ‪ L‬ا‪ )D W‬آ‪-5 L‬ا ‪D‬ل ‪ :‬ب ‪8‬ل ر‪aA‬ن و@ق أ=د‪ )D o8‬ذ ‪^ A " 5%A Z‬م ر‪aA‬ن إ‪  8‬وا= 

‫‪ A L r‬م ‪ A‬ذ‪ " LB‬و‪ J‬ذ ‪ Z‬و‪ V%A 5X  D " L 0‬ا `‪ " L "D 5‬ه‪-‬ا إ‪68‬ب = ‪ 5X A !"#‬ا@‪T5‬ل ا `‪5‬‬
‫أي آن ‪ )D  A‬ا ‪ = "B‬د‪ 5X ;O‬ر‪aA‬ن وه ^‪ L )D KJ‬أن ‪8‬م [ ‪ . JA‬و
‪ Rg‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ .8x‬ا‪ .=U‬ا ‪ .A‬‬
‫آن ^‪  A JJ‬أن ‪ h8‬و‪8‬ي و‪Cmf‬م ‪ # V
A‬آ; ‪8‬م آ  م ‪ L‬و  ‪ O‬ا م أ‪#‬د ذآ ا ‪‰8 " .O‬‬
‫و " 
‪ )D D‬ا‪hDU‬ر `ط ا ‪a‬ء ‪D‬ل" و‪ A‬آن ‪ a8A‬أو ‪CD @ !"#‬ة ‪ A‬أ‪8‬م أ‪ e%CA "O‬و‪ A‬آن ‪A L‬ض ‪L )D‬‬
‫‪ L"# c`8‬ا م ‪ LCA‬أو ‪E8‬ذ‪ L8‬أو آن ‪ @ !"#‬أي ‪= )D‬ل ا 
‪ L"D‬أن ‪fD h8‬ذا أ‪# L"CD hD‬ة ‪ A‬أ‪ )D ehD‬ا 
‪A‬‬
‫ا‪8M‬م و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل " ‪ 88‬ا‪ V W‬ا  
و[ ‪ V 88‬ا ‪ " 
C‬أي إ  ر‪ )D V ‡O‬ا ‪= )D h‬ل ا ض و‪ )D‬ا 
‪L J IA‬‬
‫‪ c= )D‬ا  ا ‪ 
KJ‬ا ‪ V"#‬ور= ‪ . V .‬وهه‪ e-5 c"C ;<
A %‬ا‪ " .8x‬إ=اه " أ‪ 0 L‬ذه( ‪ A .<m‬ا
"] إ !‬
‫أن ‪ A‬آن ‪ )D  A‬أول ا `‪ )D D@ Q 5‬أ‪ L {"D L<%Q‬ا‪hDU‬ر ‪-C‬ر ا 
وا ‪ . J‬ه‪ V%A 5X  D " L  e-‬ا `‪5‬‬
‫‪ " L "D‬وإ  ‪B8‬ح ا‪hDU‬ر 
‪ D‬ا@‪ ;5‬ا `‪ 5‬وه ‪ D
A‬وه‪-‬ا ا ل ‪ L" (8r‬أ ‪2=   JA‬م ‪ )D‬آ‪ L‬ا ‪# !"J‬‬
‫‪ A .# G‬ا ‪ .J‬وا ‪ C‬و‪ Y 5%# eV=  D‬وا‪ W‬أ‪ RBQ 0 LfD "#‬ا
‪ # .%‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أ‪O L‬ج‬
‫‪ 5X )D‬ر‪aA‬ن ‪2/‬وة ا ‪
D K‬ر =! "ˆ ا ‪ Q 8V‬أ‪ hD‬وأ‪ A‬ا ‪%‬س  ‪ h‬أ‪ B=^ LGO‬ا ‪ " KJ‬ا ‪ " .‬ذه( ‪On‬ون‬
‫‪ A‬ا ‪ .J‬وا ‪ C‬إ ! و‪G‬ب ا‪hDU‬ر ‪ )D‬ا 
 ‪CD " L‬ة ‪ A‬أ‪8‬م أ‪ " O‬وا ‪0 KJ‬ل ا ‪5 6‬ر أن ا‪ )D AM‬ذ ‪!"# Z‬‬
‫ا ‪ !"^ g‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" { ‪ 5M J‬آا ‪Gg8‬ن ‪ IA‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ 5X )D‬ر‪aA‬ن ‪0‬ل ‪% D :‬‬
‫ا < و‪ %A‬ا ‪ (C8 "D h‬ا < ‪ !"#‬ا ‪ h‬و[ ا ‪ !"# h‬ا < ‪ "D‬آن ا‪hDU‬ر ه ا ا‪ 5"# VM (G‬ا م ;‬
‫ا ‪-‬ي ‪ ;CD A RBQ‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أ‪ L‬آن ‪ ;A )D‬ه‪ e-‬ا ‪ )D RBQ   <^ . J‬ا ‪ # JJ‬أ) ا رداء‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪ IA %GO :‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ 5X )D‬ر‪aA‬ن ‪ != 8X = )D‬إن آن أ= ‪ !"# e8 Ia‬رأ@‪X A L‬ة‬
‫ا ‪ J‬و‪ <^ %D A‬إ[ ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" و‪ B#‬ا‪  W‬روا=‪ ".‬ا  ‪ 5%A .<m R 0 " .‬ا `‪ : )CD‬ا م ‪)D‬‬
‫ا 
أ‪ A ;aD‬ا‪hDU‬ر ‪ ;C‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" آ  م و‪ ; .<m R 0‬ا‪hDU‬ر أ‪ ;aD‬أ‪-O‬ا  ‪ .O‬و  ‪# RBQ‬‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أ‪ # ; @ L‬ا م ‪ )D‬ا 
‪D‬ل ‪ A " :‬أ‪ 
JD hD‬و‪^ A‬م ‪%G TD‬ح ‪ "L"#‬و‪0‬ل ‪)D‬‬
‫=‪ .O V"# " On o8‬ا‪ W‬ا ) ر‪ " V ‡O‬و‪ .<m R 0‬ه  @اء ‪ .`<# o8J‬أن = ‪2‬ة  ‪ #‬و ا‪0 ) "@M‬ل ‪8‬‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ W‬إ) آ ا م أ‪^?D‬م ‪ )D‬ا 
؟ ‪D‬ل " إن ‪ D R X‬وإن ‪ " hD?D R X‬وه ‪ )D‬ا ‪ JJ‬و‪ ;0‬إن ‪cX‬‬
‫ا م ‪hDUD‬ر أ‪ G o8J ;aD‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" رأى ر‪D L"# ;"‘ 0 TG‬ل ‪ A " :‬ه‪-‬ا " ‪ 0‬ا ^<‬
‫‪D‬ل " { ‪ A‬ا ‪ B‬ا م ‪ )D‬ا 
" أ‪ A?D eGO‬إن ر‪ # (r‬ا
‪ .%‬ورأى أن ا ‪VA h‬و‪ e‬إ ‪-5D L‬ا ‪ L"# C8‬ا‪hDU‬ر‬
‫و‪J8‬م ‪ L"#‬ا م وا ‪ . J‬ه‪G  e-‬ء ‪ %
A )D‬ا‪AU‬م أ=  و‪ # er‬ا ‪  #‬و‪ G‬و‪r‬ه  ‪ ;B8  A :‬ر‪ .O‬ا‪W‬‬
‫آن ‪ A L"#‬ا‪BG ;A QU‬ل ‪ " .D#‬ا ا‪ .C‬ا ‪a‬ء " ه; ‪ CA (68‬أو ‪68‬ز ‪ LD‬ا ‪[0 LD c8‬ن ‪ " :‬أ=ه  " أ‪(68 L‬‬
‫ا ‪M I‬ن ا ‪a‬ء ‪ )VJ8‬ا‪M‬داء وا ) [ ‪ (68‬ا ‪ ; I‬إن ‪X‬ء ‪ I‬وه‪-‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪5 G‬ر ا
"] وا ‪ ]"g‬و‪ RBQ L"#‬ا [<; ‪M‬ن‬
‫ا ‪ I‬إ  و‪ )D (G‬ا `‪a 5‬ورة أدا<‪ )D L‬ا `‪ C A?D 5‬ا‪a‬ء ر‪aA‬ن ‪ D‬اد ^م أ‪8‬م ‪#‬ة ‪ A‬أ‪ hD‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪" ! C‬‬
‫‪CD‬ة ‪ A‬أ‪8‬م أ‪0 Q " O‬ل ‪ 88 " ! C‬ا‪ V W‬ا  
و[ ‪ V 88‬ا ‪0 "
C‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪ %Q‬أ @" ‪ .‬ا ‪2g‬ا‪ %Q= )#‬أ‬
‫ه‪T‬ل ‪   = #‬ه‪T‬ل ا ‪C‬وي ‪ #‬أ) ‪0‬دة ‪ #‬ا‪#M‬ا) ا ‪-‬ي @ ‪ I‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل " إن ‪ O‬د‪ V%8‬أ‪e
8‬‬
‫إن ‪ O‬د‪ V%8‬أ‪ " e
8‬و‪0‬ل أ=  أ‪  828 %Q= : a8‬هرون أ‪  ^# BO‬ه‪T‬ل =‪#  A# %Q‬وة ا  ) =‪ )%Q‬أ)‬
‫‪#‬وة ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬آ‪ Y% %‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪gD‬ج ‪ h8‬رأ@‪ A L‬و‪d‬ء أو ‪ !a0  "D !"D ;
r‬ا ‪T‬ة ‪ ;CG‬ا ‪%‬س‬
‫‪= %"# : L ?
8‬ج ‪ )D‬آ‪-‬ا ؟ ‪D‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " إن د‪ 8‬ا‪ - 5 8 QTQ " 
8 )D W‬وروا‪ e‬ا‪AU‬م أ ‪V‬‬
‫ ‪A‬دو‪  
)D L8‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪  "
A o8= A .8x‬أ)   ‪  ^# #‬ه‪T‬ل ‪ L‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪CG   JA %Q= :‬‬
‫=‪0 .BCX %Q‬ل ‪ %Q= :‬أ ا ح @ ‪ RC‬أ{  ‪8 Z A‬ل إن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل ‪
8 " :‬وا و[ ‪
C‬وا‬
‫و@‪%V‬ا و[ ‪%‬وا " أ‪ )D eGO‬ا ‪ JJ‬و‪ )D‬ا ‪ JJ‬أ‪ a8‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل ‪C‬ذ وأ) ‪!@A‬‬
‫‪61‬‬

‫= ‪  5C‬إ ! ا   " `ا و[ ‪%‬ا و‪
8‬ا و[ ‪
C‬ا و‪h‬و‪ #‬و[ ‪ " "g‬و‪ )D‬ا
‪ %‬وا 
أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"#‬و@" ‪0‬ل ‪ .%J  RC " :‬ا
‪ " .J‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪ vDJ‬أ ‪A  V‬دو‪ B# %Q= e 
)D L8‬ا‪  W‬إ@‪J‬ق  إاه‬
‫=‪  !J8 %Q‬أ) ‪ B# %Q= ( m‬ا هب  ‪h#‬ء =‪ %Q‬أ ‪C
A‬د ا ‪8J‬ي ‪ B# #‬ا‪  6JA # cX  W‬ا‪M‬درع أن‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" رأى ر‪D )"8 TG‬اءا‪D .#@ eB e‬ل " أا‪^ )"8 e‬د‪ 0‬؟ " ‪0‬ل ‪ 8 R"0‬ر@ل ا‪: W‬‬
‫ه‪-‬ا أآ أه; ا ‪T^ .%8‬ة ‪D‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " [ 
‪ " LV"5D LC‬و‪0‬ل" إن ا‪ W‬إ  أراد ‪ e-5‬ا‪ .AM‬ا  

‫و  ‪8‬د ‪ 5‬ا ‪ " 
C‬و‪ 88 " L 0 !%CA‬ا‪ V W‬ا  
و[ ‪ V 88‬ا ‪ 
C‬و ‪" V‬ا ا ‪C‬ة " أي إ  أر‪ )D V ‡O‬ا‪hDU‬ر‬
‫ " ‪ ‰8‬وا 
و‪J‬ه  ‪ A‬ا‪-#M‬ار ‪U‬راد‪ V L‬ا  
وإ  أ‪A‬آ  ‪a‬ء ‪" V‬ا ‪#‬ة ‪5X‬آ و‪ " L 0‬و ‪BV‬وا ا‪A !"# W‬‬
‫هاآ " أي و ‪-‬آوا ا‪ %# W‬ا‪a‬ء ‪B#‬د‪ V‬آ  ‪0‬ل " ‪fD‬ذا ‪D VV@%A a0‬ذآوا ا‪ W‬آ‪-‬آآ ‪n‬ءآ أو أ‪ X‬ذآا " و‪0‬ل "‬
‫‪fD‬ذا ‪ a0‬ا ‪T‬ة ‪`D‬وا ‪ )D‬ا‪M‬رض وا‪/‬ا ‪ ;aD A‬ا‪ W‬واذآوا ا‪ W‬آا ‪J" V"C‬ن " و‪0‬ل" ‪  J KB
D‬ر‪;B0 Z‬‬
‫‪"m‬ع ا ` { و‪ ;B0‬ا ‪/‬وب و‪ A‬ا "; ‪ LJB
D‬وأدر ا
‪6‬د " و ‪-5‬ا ‪G‬ءت ا
‪BJ@ .%‬ب ا 
‪ KB‬وا ‪  J‬وا ‪C BV‬‬
‫ا "ات ا ‪V‬ت و‪0‬ل ا ‪B#‬س ‪ A :‬آ‪C %‬ف ا‪a‬ء ^‪T‬ة ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" إ[  ‪ BV‬و ‪-5‬ا أ‪ -O‬آ ‪A‬‬
‫ا ‪ "C‬ء ‪`A‬و‪ .#‬ا ‪ # )D BV‬ا ‪ A h‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ " .8x‬و ‪" V‬ا ا ‪C‬ة و ‪BV‬وا ا‪ A !"# W‬هاآ =! ذه( داود  ‪)"#‬‬
‫ا‪ )5B^M‬ا ‪Y‬هي إ ! و‪ # )D LG‬ا ‪Y h‬ه ا‪ " L 0 )D AM‬و ‪BV‬وا ا‪ A !"# W‬هاآ " و‪-A L"A )D‬ه( أ)‬
‫=‪ .%‬ر= ‪ L‬ا‪ W‬أ‪`8 [ L‬ع ا ‪ # )D BV‬ا ‪ h‬وا ‪0B‬ن ‪ !"#‬ا@‪ !"# LBJ‬ا‪TO‬ف ‪ ‰C ;^ )D‬ا وع ‪ 5%‬و‪L 0‬‬
‫" و ‪V` V"C‬ون " أي إذا ‪    0‬أ‪A‬آ ا‪? L#m A W‬داء ‪D‬ا<‪ La‬وك ‪JA‬ر‪ LA‬و=‪= v‬ود‪ V"C"D e‬أن ‪V‬ا ‪A‬‬
‫‪.‬ا `آ‪Z - 8‬‬
‫ن‬
‫‪ُX‬و َ‬

َ‪ُBِ6‬ا ِ) َو ْ ُ ْ‪ُ%Aِ E‬ا ِ) َ ‪ُ َْ8 ْ5ُ "َC‬‬
‫ع ِإذَا َد‪َ#‬نِ َ‪ْ َ ْ"D‬‬
‫( َد‪َ َ ْ#‬ة ا ا ِ‬
‫‪ُ ٌ(8َِ0 )fَِD )%#‬أ‪ُ ِG‬‬
‫‪َB#‬دِي َ‬
‫‪ِ Z‬‬
‫َوِإذَا @ََ? َ َ‬
‫‪0‬ل ا أ) = ‪ %Q= :‬أ) =‪  !J8 %Q‬ا ‪/‬ة أ‪B# # 8G BO‬ة  أ) زة ا
‪ # )g‬ا "‪ V=  R‬‬
‫‪CA‬و‪=  .8‬ة ا `ي ‪ #‬أ‪ eG # L‬أن أ‪#‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪ 8 :‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ Z"# W‬و@" أ‪ (80‬ر‪ LG%%D %‬أم ‪C‬‬
‫‪%%D‬د‪ L8‬؟ ‪ RV
D‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪2?D‬ل ا‪ " W‬وإذا @? ‪B# Z‬دي ‪ (80 )fD )%#‬أ‪ (G‬د‪#‬ة ا اع إذا د‪#‬ن‬
‫‪B6 
"D‬ا ) و ‪%AE‬ا ) " إذا أ‪ 5A‬أن ‪ )#D )#8‬ا@‪ RB6‬وروا‪ e‬ا ‪  =   JA # 8G‬ا ازي ‪L 8G #‬‬
‫وروا‪ e‬ا ‪A‬دو‪ L8‬وأ ا `— ا‪   JA o8= A )5B^M‬أ) =  ‪ L 8G #‬و‪0‬ل ‪ B#‬ا زاق ‪ :‬أ‪ CG BO‬‬
‫@" ن ‪# #‬ف ‪ #‬ا ‪0 
J‬ل @?ل أ^‪J‬ب ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أ‪ 8‬ر‪ %‬؟ ‪2?D‬ل ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ " ;G‬وإذا @? ‪Z‬‬
‫‪B#‬دي ‪ (80 )fD )%#‬أ‪ (G‬د‪#‬ة ا اع إذا د‪#‬ن " ا‪ .8x‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪h# # Œ8G‬ء أ‪ " R 2  L/" L‬و‪0‬ل ر‪ V‬اد‪)#‬‬
‫أ@‪0 " V (6‬ل ا ‪%‬س  ‪ "C‬أي @‪ # .#‬؟ ‪ " R 2%D‬وإذا @? ‪B# Z‬دي ‪ (80 )fD )%#‬أ‪ (G‬د‪#‬ة ا اع إذا د‪#‬ن "‬
‫و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪ B# %Q‬ا هب  ‪ B#‬ا ‪ 6‬ا ) =‪  O %Q‬ا ‪-J‬اء ‪ #‬أ) ‪ #‬ن ا ‪5%‬ي ‪ #‬أ) ‪ !@A‬ا‪CXM‬ي ‪0‬ل‬
‫‪ :‬آ‪ IA %‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪2r )D‬وة ‪ DX C [ %"C6D‬و[ ‪ DX "C‬و[ ‪ B5‬واد‪ 8‬إ[ ر‪ %CD‬أ^ا‪BV  %‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪D %A D‬ل " ‪ 8‬أ‪ 58‬ا ‪%‬س أر‪C‬ا ‪ !"#‬أ
‪# [ VfD V‬ن أ^ و[ ‪ B<r‬إ  ‪#‬ن @ ‪ C‬ا إن ا ‪-‬ي ‪#‬ن‬
‫أ‪0‬ب إ ! أ=آ ‪ c%# A‬را="‪ B# 8 L‬ا‪ {0  W‬أ[ أ‪ Z "#‬آ" ‪ A .‬آ‪%‬ز ا ‪ .%6‬؟ [ =ل و[ ‪0‬ة إ[ ‪ "W‬أ‪)D eGO‬‬
‫ا ‪ JJ‬و‪ .‬ا ‪ o8= A .# 6‬أ) ‪ #‬ن ا ‪5%‬ي وا@ ‪ B# L‬ا =   ‪ eJ% L%# )"#‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪%Q= :‬‬
‫@" ن  داود =‪0 %Q= .BCX %Q‬دة ‪ #‬أ{ ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L%# W‬أن ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل " ‪8‬ل ا‪ ! C W‬أ ‪‘ %#‬‬
‫‪B#‬ي ) وأ ‪ LCA‬إذا د‪ ")#‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  أ‪  )"# %Q= : a8‬إ@‪J‬ق أ‪ B# ?B‬ا‪ W‬أ‪ B# ?B‬ا =   ‪G  828‬‬
‫=‪ %Q‬إ@ ‪ B#  ;#‬ا‪ # W‬آ‪ R% . 8‬ا ‪g`O‬ش ا ‪ %Q= : R 0 .2‬أ ه‪8‬ة أ‪ I @ L‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪8‬ل" ‪0‬ل ا‪ ! C W‬أ ‪B# IA‬ي ‪ A‬ذآ) و‪J‬آ‪ " R"0 " " eX ) R‬وه‪-‬ا آ ‪ " ! C L‬إن ا‪ IA W‬ا ‪ 8-‬اا‬
‫وا ‪ 8-‬ه ‪%
JA‬ن " و‪ !@ L 0‬وهرون ‪  5"#‬ا
‪T‬م " إ‪  VCA )%‬أ@ ‪ I‬وأرى " وا اد ‪ A‬ه‪-‬ا أ‪(g8 [ ! C L‬‬
‫د‪#‬ء داع و[ ‪)X L%# L"/`8‬ء ; ه @ ‪ I‬ا ‪#‬ء ‪ )D (r LD‬ا ‪#‬ء وأ‪ L8 Ia8 [ L‬آ  ‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪828 %Q= :‬‬
‫=‪ %Q‬ر‪ ;G‬أ‪ I @ L‬أ ‪ #‬ن ه ا ‪5%‬ي ‪J8‬ث ‪ "@ #‬ن ‪ )%C8‬ا ر@) ر‪ )d‬ا‪ # L%# W‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أ‪0 L‬ل‬
‫" إن ا‪ )J 
! C W‬أن ‪ 
B8‬ا ‪ BC‬إ ‪O  5D L ?
8 L88 L‬ا ‪D‬ده  ‪0 - "B<O‬ل ‪ @ : 828‬ا ) ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ D ;G‬ا ‪:‬‬
‫‪ A  CG‬ن ‪ -‬و‪ 0‬روا‪ e‬أ داود وا ‪-A‬ي وا ‪ A  CG o8= A LGA‬ن ^=( ا‪BM‬ط ‪ : L‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪-A‬ي = 

‫‪ (8r‬وروا‪ 5aC e‬و  ‪0 LCD8‬ل ا `— ا ‪ vDJ‬أ ا ‪6J‬ج ا ‪2‬ي ر= ‪ L‬ا‪ )D W‬أ‪m‬ا‪ : LD‬و‪ LC‬أ ه م و‪   JA‬أ)‬
‫ا ‪02‬ن ‪ "@ #‬ن ا  ) ‪ #‬أ) ‪ #‬ن ا ‪5%‬ي ‪ : L‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  أ‪ %Q= : a8‬أ ‪  )"# %Q= A#‬أ) ا آ;‬
‫ا ‪ # )G%‬أ) @‪ C‬أن ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل " ‪ #8 "
A A A‬ا‪ 2# W‬و‪# ;G‬ة { ‪ 5D‬إ‪ Q‬و[ ‪ .Ch0‬ر=‬
‫إ[ أ‪ eh#‬ا‪ 5 W‬إ=ى ‪TQ‬ث ‪O‬ل إ‪ A‬أن ‪ L ;6C8‬د‪ L#‬وإ‪ A‬أن ‪O8‬ه ‪ )D L‬ا‪OM‬ى وإ‪ A‬أن ‪8‬ف ‪ A L%#‬ا 
ء ‪5"A‬‬
‫" ‪ 0‬ا إذا ‪0 V‬ل " ا‪ W‬أآ " و‪0‬ل ‪ B#‬ا‪ W‬ا ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ %Q= :‬إ@‪J‬ق  ‪%A‬ر ا ‪ Œ@V‬أ‪%Q= ]@8   JA ?B‬‬
‫ا ‪Q‬ن ‪ #‬أ‪JVA # L‬ل ‪   BG #‬أن ‪B#‬دة  ا ‪ 5Q= RA‬أن ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل " ‪5‘ !"# A‬‬
‫ا‪M‬رض ‪ A‬ر‪ #8 "
A ;G‬ا‪ 2# W‬و‪# ;G‬ة إ[ ‪ en‬ا‪ W‬إ‪8‬ه أو آ] ‪ A L%#‬ا 
ء ‪8  A 5"A‬ع ‪ Qf‬أو ‪ .Ch0‬ر= "‬
‫وروا‪ e‬ا ‪-A‬ي ‪ B# #‬ا‪ B#  W‬ا =  ا ار‪ ]@8   JA # )A‬ا ‪ # )8‬ا ‪Q‬ن وه ‪ B#‬ا =   ‪ RQ‬‬
‫‪Q‬ن ‪ L‬و‪0‬ل = 
^‪ A (8r KJ‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ LG‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م ‪ # Z A‬ا ‪5X‬ب ‪ #‬أ) ‪ ! A B#‬ا أزه ‪ #‬أ)‬
‫‪62‬‬

)D eGO‫( ) " أ‬6
8 "D ‫ت‬#‫ل د‬8 ;6C8  A ‫=آ‬M ‫ب‬6
8 " ‫ل‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ أن ر@ل ا‬: ‫ة‬8‫ه‬ 
‫ ا‬%Q= ‫ه‬h ‫) أ ا‬%Q= : LJJ^ )D "
A ‫ل‬0‫ و‬.%6 ‫ ا‬LQ‫ وأ‬W‫ ا‬L =‫ري ر‬gB ‫ ا‬v ‫ا‬-‫ وه‬L Z A o8= A JJ ‫ا‬
L‫ و@" أ‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ ا‬# ‫ة‬8‫ أ) ه‬# )[g ‫{ ا‬8‫ أ) إدر‬# 828  .C‫ ر‬# K ^  .8‫و‬CA )BO‫وه( أ‬ 
0 ‫ل‬8 ‫ل‬0 " ‫ل‬6C@[‫ ا‬A‫ و‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 ;0 " ;6C
8  A =‫ ر‬.Ch0 ‫ أو‬Qf ‫ع‬8  A BC" ‫ب‬6
8 ‫ال‬28 [ " ‫ل‬0 
# ‫دة‬0 # ‫ل‬T‫ أ ه‬%Q=   ‫ ا‬B# %Q=  =‫م أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0‫ء " و‬# ‫ع ا‬8‫ و‬Z ‫ ذ‬%# 
J 
D ) ‫ب‬6
8 ‫" أر‬D ‫ت‬#‫د‬
‫ت‬#‫ د‬0 ‫ل‬8 " ‫ل‬0 ;6C
8 ]‫ ا وآ‬0 " ;6C
8  A g BC ‫ال ا‬28 [ "‫ل‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫أ{ أن ر@ل ا‬ 
g^ ‫) أ‬%Q= (‫ ا وه‬%Q= !"#M‫ ا‬B#  {8 )%Q= : e 
)D ‫ي‬Bh ‫ ا‬CG ‫م أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0‫( )" و‬6
8 "D )‫ر‬
‫ة‬# W‫ ا‬#8 AEA B# A A R 0 5‫ أ‬5%# W‫) ا‬d‫ ر‬.`<# # 2 ‫وة  ا‬# # LQ= 
0  W‫ ا‬B#  828 ‫أن‬
R 0 ‫ ؟‬Lm%0‫ و‬L"6# ]‫ آ‬eA‫ أ‬8 R"0 ‫وة‬# ‫ل‬0 %8 ‫; أو‬6C8  ‫ة إذا‬Ox‫) ا‬D L OE ‫) ا  أو‬D L ;6C != (‫ه‬-D
:  =‫م أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0‫ و‬: ‫ @اء‬.`<# ‫ل آل‬8 (
‫  ا‬C@ RC @‫ 
 و‬0 ‫ل ا‬0 (G‫" أ‬D ‫ت‬#‫ ود‬#‫" أ‬D R ?@ ‫ل‬8
W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ و أن ر@ل ا‬#  W‫ ا‬B# # )"6 ‫ ا =  ا‬B# )‫ أ‬# ‫ و‬#  V %Q= .C5 ‫ ا‬%Q= 
= %Q=
[ LfD .GU ‫ن‬%0A ‫ وأ‬e ?@D ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬58‫ أ‬W‫ذا @?  ا‬fD ‰C A !#‫ أو‬5aC‫ و‬.#‫ل " ا "ب أو‬0 "@‫ و‬L"#
)‫ق  إاه  أ‬J@‫ إ‬%Q= ‫ب‬8‫ أ‬# ‫ق‬J@‫   إ‬JA %Q= : L8‫دو‬A ‫ل ا‬0‫; " و‬Dr ("0 5‘ # e#‫ د‬BC (6
8 
# "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬R ?@ .`<#‫ أ و‬R%‫ آ‬: ‫ل‬0 ‫ي آب‬CA  ID )‫ ا أ‬%Q= ‫اد‬/B ‫ي آب‬CA  ID
K  ‫ي ا‬B# ‫ا‬-‫م ه‬T
‫ؤك ا‬8 W‫ل " ا‬D ;8BG B5D " .`<# . ?
A ‫ رب‬8 " ‫ل‬0 " ‫ن‬#‫ة ا اع إذا د‬#‫( د‬G‫ " أ‬.8n 
A L8‫دو‬A ‫ وروى ا‬LG ‫ا ا‬-‫ ه‬A (8r o8= ‫ا‬-‫ " وه‬LG= )a0?D ZB ‫ل‬0?D ‫ رب‬8 ‫ل‬8 ) LB"0‫ و‬.0‫ ا د‬.% 
)%# ‫دي‬B# Z ?@ ‫أ " وإذا‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ أن ا‬W‫ ا‬B#  G )%Q= ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# K ^ )‫ أ‬# )B"V ‫ ا‬o8=
ZB .GU R"‫ء وآ‬#  ‫ت‬A‫ أ‬5" ‫ و@" " ا‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬D .8x‫ن " ا‬#‫ة ا اع إذا د‬#‫( د‬G‫( أ‬80 )fD
L V8  ‫  و‬8  ‫" و‬8   ^ =‫د أ‬D Z‫ أ‬5X‫ أ‬Z Z8X [ Z" ‫ وا‬Z . C% ‫  وا‬J ‫ إن ا‬ZB Z Z8X [ ZB ZB 5" ‫ا‬
: ‫ار‬2B ‫ ا‬V ‫ أ‬vDJ ‫ل ا‬0‫ر " و‬B ‫) ا‬D A oCB R‫ وأ‬5D (8‫ [ ر‬.n .#
‫ وا‬c= ‫ و ءك‬c= ‫ك‬#‫ أن و‬5X‫آا أ= وأ‬
{‫ أ‬# 
J ‫ ا‬# ‫ي‬2 ‫ ا‬K ^ %Q= ‫ل‬5%A  ‫ج‬6J ‫ ا‬%Q= : [0 )Ch ‫! ا‬J8   JA‫زدي و‬M‫! ا‬J8  
J ‫ ا‬%Q=‫و‬
) ) ‫ ا‬A?D Z%‫) و‬%  D ‫ ووا=ة ) ووا=ة‬Z ‫دم وا=ة‬n ‫ ا‬8 ! C W‫ل ا‬8 " ‫ل‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ ا‬#
.GU‫") ا‬#‫ء و‬# ‫ ا‬Z% D Z%‫) و‬% ‫ي‬- ‫ ا‬A‫ وأ‬LVD‫ ; و‬# A ‫)ء أو‬X A R" #  D Z ) ‫ ا‬A‫  وأ‬X ) ‫) [ `ك‬BCD
; ‫ة‬C ‫ إآ ل ا‬%# ‫ء‬# ‫) ا‬D ‫د‬5G[‫د إ ! ا‬X‫م ا م إر‬V=‫  أ‬.""gA ‫ء‬# ‫"! ا‬# .#B ‫ ا‬.8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ! ه‬C e‫) ذآ‬D‫" و‬ 
B#   JA  (CX ‫ و وه ا‬# # )V" ‫  ا‬JA ‫ أ‬%Q= e%
A )D ) 
h ‫م أ داود ا‬AU‫ ا‬e‫ آ  روا‬hD ;‫ آ‬%#‫و‬
‫ة‬#‫ د‬e‫ر‬hD‫ إ‬%# <" " ‫ل‬8 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬RC @ : ‫ل‬0 ‫ و‬#  W‫ ا‬B# eG # L‫ أ‬# ‫ و‬#  W‫ا‬ 
%Q= : L%%@ )D LGA  828   JA W‫ ا‬B# ‫ل أ‬0‫ و‬#‫ ود‬e ‫ وو‬L"‫ أه‬#‫ د‬hD‫ و إذا أ‬#  W‫ ا‬B# ‫ن‬VD " .6
A
‫ل‬0 : ‫ل‬0 ‫ و‬#  W‫ ا‬B# # .V"A )‫  أ‬W‫ ا‬B# # ) ‫ ا‬W‫ ا‬B#  ‫ق‬J@‫ إ‬# "
A    ‫ ا‬BO‫ ر أ‬#  ‫ه`م‬
‫ل‬8 ‫ و‬#  W‫ ا‬B# RC @ : .V"A )‫  أ‬W‫ ا‬B# ‫ل‬0 " ‫ د‬A ‫ة‬#‫ د‬ehD %# <" ‫ و@" " إن‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ا‬ 
‫ 
<) وا‬% ‫ي وا‬-A ‫ ا‬%@‫م أ=  و‬AU‫ ا‬%
A )D‫ و‬. ) / ‫)ء أن‬X ;‫ آ‬RC@‫ ا ) و‬Z = Z ?@‫ إ) أ‬5" ‫ ا‬: hD‫إذا أ‬
‫ة‬#‫ ود‬h8 != < ‫دل وا‬C ‫م ا‬AU‫ ا‬5#‫ [ د د‬.QTQ " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 ‫ة‬8‫ أ) ه‬# LGA 
= C  ‫ و‬ZM )2C ‫ل‬8‫ أاب ا 
ء و‬5 K‫ و‬.A ‫م ا‬8 ‫ م‬/ ‫ دون ا‬W‫ ا‬5CD8 ‫"م‬Y ‫ " ا‬.
Allah praised the month of Ramadan out of the other months by choosing it to send down the
Glorious Qur'an, just as He did for all of the Divine Books He revealed to the Prophets. Imam
Ahmad reported Wathilah bin Al-Asqa` that Allah's Messenger said: 
ِA ْR"ََO ‫`َ َة‬#
َ ‫ث‬
َ Tَ ِ ;ُ ِ6ْ fِْ ‫ وَا‬،َ‫َن‬aAَ ‫ْ َر‬Aِ 
َ ْ a
َ Aَ R
َ

ِ ِ ‫ ا ْرَا ُة‬R
ِ َِ2ْ ُ‫ َوأ‬،َ‫َن‬aAَ ‫ْ َر‬Aِ .ٍ "َْ َ ‫ِ) َأ و ِل‬D َ ِ‫] ِإ َْاه‬
ُ J
ُ^
ُ ْR َ2ِ ْ‫»ُأ‬
«‫َن‬aAَ ‫ْ َر‬Aِ ْR"ََO 
َ 8ِ`
ْ #
ِ ‫ َو‬Iٍ َ ْ‫ر‬Mَ ‫ن‬
َ nُْ ْ ‫ ا‬W
ُ ‫ َل ا‬2َ ْ َ‫ َوأ‬،َ‫َن‬aAَ ‫َر‬
(The Suhuf (Pages) of Ibrahim were revealed during the first night of Ramadan. The Torah
was revealed during the sixth night of Ramadan. The Injil was revealed during the thirteenth
night of Ramadan. Allah revealed the Qur'an on the twenty-fourth night of Ramadan.)
Allah said: 
ِ‫َن‬0ُْ ْ ‫َى وَا‬5ُ ْ ‫َ ا‬A R
ٍ ‫َـ‬% َ َ‫س و‬
ِ %" ‫ ُهًى‬
(...a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right
and wrong).)
63

Here Allah praised the Qur'an, which He revealed as guidance for the hearts of those who
believe in it and adhere to its commands. Allah said: 
ٍR‫َـ‬% َ‫ َو‬
(and clear proofs) meaning, as clear and unambiguous signs and unequivocal proof for those
who understand them. These proofs testify to the truth of the Qur'an, its guidance, the
opposite of misguidance, and how it guides to the straight path, the opposite of the wrong
path, and the distinction between the truth and falsehood, and the permissible and the
prohibited.
Allah said: 
ُL ْ 
ُ َ"ْ َD َ 5ْ `
 ‫ ُ ا‬Vُ %ِA َ 5ِ X
َ َ Dَ 
(So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan, i.e., is
present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasting) that month.)
This Ayah requires the healthy persons who witness the beginning of the month, while
residing in their land, to fast the month. This Ayah abrogated the Ayah that allows a choice of
fasting or paying the Fidyah. When Allah ordered fasting, He again mentioned the permission
for the ill person and the traveler to break the fast and to fast other days instead as
compensation. Allah said: 
َO
َ ‫ ٍم ُأ‬8‫ْ َأ‬A ٌ‫ة‬Cِ Dَ ٍ َ@
َ !َ"#
َ ْ‫ً َأو‬a8ِAَ َ‫َ آَن‬A‫ َو‬
(...and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number of days which one did not observe
Sawm (fasting) must be made up from other days.)
This Ayah indicates that ill persons who are unable to fast or fear harm by fasting, and the
traveler, are all allowed to break the fast. When one does not fast in this case, he is obliged to
fast other days instead. Allah said: 
َْ
Cُ ْ ‫ُ ا‬Vُ ِ ُ 8ُِ8 [َ ‫ ُ ا ْ ُ
ْ َ َو‬Vُ ِ Lُ " ‫ ُ ا‬8ُِ8
(Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you.)
This Ayah indicates that Allah allowed such persons, out of His mercy and to make matters
easy for them, to break the fast when they are ill or traveling, while the fast is still obligatory
on the healthy persons who are not traveling.
The authentic Sunnah states that Allah's Messenger traveled during the month of Ramadan
for the battle for Makkah. The Prophet marched until he reached the area of Kadid and then
broke his fast and ordered those who were with him to do likewise. This was recorded in the
Two Sahihs. Breaking the fast mentioned in this Hadith was not required, for the Companions
used to go out with Allah's Messenger during the month of Ramadan, then, some of them
would fast while some of them would not fast and neither category would criticize the others.
If the command mentioned in the Hadith required breaking the fast, the Prophet would have
criticized those who fasted. Allah's Messenger himself sometimes fasted while traveling. For
instance, it is reported in the Two Sahihs that Abu Ad-Darda' said, "We once went with
64

Allah's Messenger during Ramadan while the heat was intense. One of us would place his
hand on his head because of the intense heat. Only Allah's Messenger and `Abdullah bin
Rawahah were fasting at that time.''
We should state that observing the permission to break the fast while traveling is better, as
Allah's Messenger said about fasting while traveling:
«Lْ"ََ# ‫ح‬
َ َ%ُG َ"َD ‫ْ ^َ َم‬Aَ ‫ َو‬،ٌ

َ َJَD َh
َ Dْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ »
(Those who did not fast have done good, and there is no harm for those who fasted.)
In another Hadith, the Prophet said:
«ُVَ ‡
َ O 
‫ ا ِ) ُر‬W
ِ ‫ ا‬.ِ 
َ ْOُ ِ ْVُ ْ "ََ#»
(Hold to Allah's permission that He has granted you.)
Some scholars say that the two actions are the same, as `A'ishah narrated that Hamzah bin
`Amr Al-Aslami said, "O Messenger of Allah! I fast a lot, should I fast while traveling'' The
Prophet said:
«ِhْD?َDَ R
َ ْX
ِ ْ‫ َوِإن‬،ْ
ُ َD R
َ ْX
ِ ْ‫»ِإن‬
(Fast if you wish or do not fast if you wish.)
This Hadith is in the Two Sahihs. It was reported that if the fast becomes difficult (while
traveling), then breaking the fast is better. Jabir said that Allah's Messenger saw a man who
was being shaded (by other people while traveling). The Prophet asked about him and he was
told that man was fasting. The Prophet said:
«َ

 ‫ِ) ا‬D ُ‫َم‬ 
‫  ا‬Bِ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ {
َ ْ َ »
(It is not a part of Birr (piety) to fast while traveling.) This was recorded by Al-Bukhari and
Muslim.
As for those who ignore the Sunnah and believe in their hearts that breaking the fast while
traveling is disliked, they are required to break the fast and are not allowed to fast.
As for making up for missed fasting days, it is not required to be consecutive. One may do so
consecutively or not consecutively. There are ample proofs to this fact. We should mention
that fasting consecutive days is only required exclusively during Ramadan. After the month of
Ramadan, what is required then is to merely make up for missed days. This is why Allah said: 
َO
َ ‫ ٍم ُأ‬8‫ْ َأ‬A ٌ‫ِ ة‬CDَ 
(. ..the same number (should be made up) from other days.)
Allah then said: 
َْ
Cُ ْ ‫ُ ا‬Vُ ِ ُ 8ُِ8 [َ ‫ ُ ا ْ ُ
ْ َ َو‬Vُ ِ Lُ " ‫ ُ ا‬8ُِ8
65

(Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you.)
Imam Ahmad recorded Anas bin Malik saying that Allah's Messenger said:
«‫َ ُوا‬%ُ َ ‫ُا َو‬%V @
َ ‫ 
ُوا َو‬ 
Cَ ُ َ َ‫ 
ُوا و‬ 
8َ »
(Treat the people with ease and don't be hard on them; give them glad tidings and don't fill
them with aversion.)
This Hadith was also collected in the Two Sahihs. It is reported in the Sahihayn that Allah's
Messenger said to Mu`adh and Abu Musa when he sent them to Yemen:
«َ"َِg
ْ َ َ ‫َ َو‬#‫َ َو‬hَ َ‫ و‬،‫ 
َا‬ 
Cَ ُ َ َ‫ 
َا و‬ 
َ8‫ َو‬،‫َا‬%َ ُ َ ‫`َا َو‬ 
َ »
(Treat the people with ease and don't be hard on them; give them glad tidings and don't fill
them with aversion; and love each other, and don't differ.)
The Sunan and the Musnad compilers recorded that Allah's Messenger said:
«.َJ ْ

 ‫ ا‬.ِ  ِ ِ%َJ ْ ِ R
ُ ْCِ ُ »
(I was sent with the easy Hanifiyyah (Islamic Monotheism).)
Allah's statement: 
َ‫ ة‬Cِ ْ ‫ ِ"ُاْ ا‬Vْ ُ ِ ‫
َ َو‬
ْ Cُ ْ ‫ُ ا‬Vُ ِ ُ 8ِ8ُ [َ ‫
َ َو‬
ْ ُ ْ ‫ُ ا‬Vُ ِ Lُ " ‫ ُ ا‬8ُِ8
(Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants
that you) must complete the same number (of days)) means: You were allowed to break the
fast while ill, while traveling, and so forth, because Allah wanted to make matters easy for
you. He only commanded you to make up for missed days so that you complete the days of one
month.
Allah's statement: 
ْ‫َ َهَا ُآ‬A !َ"َ# Lَ " ‫ُواْ ا‬B Vَ ُ َِ‫و‬
(...and that you must magnify Allah i.e., to say Takbir (Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Most
Great) for having guided you) means: So that you remember Allah upon finishing the act of
worship. This is similar to Allah's statement: 
‫ ِذ ْآًا‬X
َ ‫ِآْ ِ ُآْ ءَاَ€ َء ُآْ َأوْ َأ‬-‫ َآ‬Lَ " ‫َذْ ُآُواْ ا‬D ْVُ Vَ

ِ ‫َـ‬%A ُْ a
َ َ0 ‫ذَا‬fِDَ 
(So when you have accomplished your Manasik, (rituals) remember Allah as you remember
your forefathers or with far more remembrance.) (2:200) and: 
‫ن‬
َ ُJِ"ُْ ْ ُV"Cَ  ‫ آًَِا‬Lَ " ‫ وَاذْ ُآُواْ ا‬Lِ " ‫ْ ِ; ا‬aDَ ِA ْ‫ُا‬/َ ْ ‫ض وَا‬
ِ ْ‫ِ! ا[”ر‬D ْ‫`ُوا‬
ِ َ َD ‫"َ ُة‬
 ‫ ا‬R
ِ َ a
ِ ُ0 ‫ذَا‬fِDَ 
(...Then when the (Jumu`ah) Salah (prayer) is ended, you may disperse through the land, and
seek the bounty of Allah (by working), and remember Allah much, that you may be
66

successful.) (62:10) and: 
‫ُ ِد‬6

‚ ‫ َوَأدَْـ َ ا‬Lُ J
ْ B

َ Dَ ;ِ ْ  ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ َو‬- ‫ب‬
ِ ‫ُو‬/ُ ْ ‫ َ; ا‬Bْ َ0‫{ َو‬
ِ ْ `
 ‫ع ا‬
ِ ُ"ُm ;َ Bْ َ0 Z
َ  ‫ ْ ِ َر‬J
َ ِ ْKB @
َ ‫ُ ُنَ َو‬8َ َA !َ"#
َ ْBِ ^
ْ َD
(...and glorify the praises of your Lord, before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting.
And during a part of the night, glorify His praises, and after the prayers.) (50:39, 40)
This is why the Sunnah encouraged Tasbih (saying Subhan Allah, i.e., all praise is due to
Allah), Tahmid (saying Al-Hamdu Lillah, i.e., all the thanks are due to Allah) and Takbir
(saying Allahu Akbar, i.e., Allah is the Most Great) after the compulsory prayers. Ibn `Abbas
said, "We used to know that Allah's Messenger has finished the prayer by the Takbir.''
Similarly, several scholars have stated that reciting Takbir the during `Id-ul-Fitr was specified
by the Ayah that states: 
ْ‫َ َهَا ُآ‬A !َ"#
َ Lَ " ‫ُواْ ا‬B Vَ ُ ِ ‫ةَ َو‬Cِ ْ ‫ ِ "ُاْ ا‬Vْ ُ ِ‫ َو‬
((He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify
Allah i.e., to say Takbir (Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Most Great) for having guided you...)
Allah's statement: 
َ‫ُون‬Vُ `
ْ َ ْVُ "Cَ َ‫ َو‬
(...so that you may be grateful to Him.) means: If you adhere to what Allah commanded you,
obeying Him by performing the obligations, abandoning the prohibitions and abiding by the
set limits, then perhaps you will be among the grateful.
Imam Ahmad reported that Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari said, "We were in the company of Allah's
Messenger during a battle. Whenever we climbed a high place, went up a hill or went down a
valley, we used to say, `Allah is the Most Great,' raising our voices. The Prophet came by us
and said: 
ُ‫ب ِإ َ! َأ=َ ِآ‬
ُ ْ0‫ُنَ َأ‬#َْ ‫ي‬- ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ إ‬،‫ً ًَِا‬Cِ @
َ ‫ن‬
َ ُ#َْ َ  ‫ إ‬،ًB<ِ َr َ ‫^  و‬
َ ‫ن َأ‬
َ ُ#َْ َ ْVُ  fَِD ،ْVُ

ِ ُْ ‫َ"! َأ‬# ‫ُا‬Cَ ْ‫ ار‬،ُ‫س‬% ‫َ ا‬5‚8‫َ َأ‬8»
«Wِ  ‫ ةَ ِإ‬0ُ َ ‫ِ؟ َ =َْ َل َو‬.% 6
َ ْ ‫ُزِ ا‬%‫ْ ُآ‬Aِ .ً َ "ِ‫َ َآ‬Z ُ "#
َ ‫ َأ َ ُأ‬،ٍ{ْ َ0 
َ ْ W
ِ ‫َا‬Bْ #
َ 8 ،ِLِ َ"=
ِ ‫ رَا‬c
ِ %ُ #
ُ ْAِ
(O people! Be merciful to yourselves (i.e., don't raise your voices), for you are not calling a
deaf or an absent one, but One Who is All-Hearer, All-Seer. The One Whom you call is closer
to one of you than the neck of his animal. O `Abdullah bin Qais (Abu Musa's name) should I
teach you a statement that is a treasure of Paradise: `La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah
(there is no power or strength except from Allah).')
This Hadith was also recorded in the Two Sahihs, and Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'i, At-Tirmidhi
and Ibn Majah recorded similar wordings. Furthermore, Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas
said that the Prophet said:
«)َِ#‫ ِإذَا َد‬Lُ َCAَ َ‫ِي ِ) َوَأ‬Bْ #
َ ‘
َ َ %ْ ِ# َ‫َ ! َأ‬Cَ W
ُ ‫ُ ُل ا‬8َ »
("Allah the Exalted said, `I am as My servant thinks of Me, and I am with him whenever he
invokes Me.') Allah accepts the Invocation
Imam Ahmad also recorded Abu Sa`id saying that the Prophet said:
67

Lَ ;6Cَ 8ُ ْ‫ َأن‬A‫ ِإ‬:‫َ ٍل‬O
ِ ‫ث‬
ِ َ"َQ ‫=َى‬
ْ ‫َ ِإ‬5ِ W
ُ ‫ُ ا‬eَh#
ْ ‫ إ  َأ‬،ٍ=
ِ ‫ُ َر‬.Cَ ِhَ0 َ ‫ٌ و‬Qْ ‫ ِإ‬5ِD {
َ ْ َ ٍ‫ْ َة‬#َ ِ ;G
َ ‫ َو‬2 #
َ W
َ ‫ُ ا‬#ْ8َ ٍ"ِ

ْ Aُ ْAِ َA»
«َ5"َْ Aِ ‫ ا
‚ ِء‬
َ Aِ Lُ ْ%#
َ ‫ف‬
َ ِ ْ8َ ْ‫ َأن‬A‫ َوِإ‬،‫َى‬O
ْ Mُ ‫ِ) ا‬D Lُ َ َ‫َه‬O
ِ  8َ ْ‫ َأن‬A‫ وَِإ‬،ُLَ َ#
ْ ‫َد‬
َ‫َل‬0 ‫ْ ُِ؟‬Vُ ‫ إذًا‬:‫َ ُا‬0:
«َ‫ َأ ْآ‬W
ُ ‫»ا‬
(No Muslim supplicates to Allah with a Du`a that does not involve sin or cutting the relations
of the womb, but Allah will grant him one of the three things. He will either hasten the
response to his supplication, save it for him until the Hereafter, or would turn an equivalent
amount of evil away from him.'') They said, "What if we were to recite more (Du`a).'' He said,
(There is more with Allah.)
`Abdullah the son of Imam Ahmad recorded `Ubadah bin As-Samit saying that the Prophet
said:
‫ ٍ أَو‬Qْ fِِ ُ‫ْع‬8َ ْ َ َA َ5َ"ْAِ ‫ ا
‚ ِء‬
َ Aِ Lُ %ْ َ# ]
 ‫ َأوْ َآ‬،َ‫ه‬8‫ إ‬W
ُ ‫ُ ا‬eَn  ‫ َةٍ ِإ‬#
ْ َ َ ; َG‫ َو‬2 #
َ W
َ ‫ُ ا‬#ْ8َ ٍ "ِْ
Aُ ;ٍ ُG‫ْ َر‬Aِ ِ‫ ْرض‬Mَ ‫ ِ ا‬5ْ َ‘ !"َ# َA»
«ِ=‫ َر‬.ِ Cَ ِh0َ
(There is no Muslim man on the face of the earth who supplicates to Allah but Allah would
either grant it to him, or avert a harm from him of equal proportions, as long as his
supplication does not involve sin or cutting the relations of the womb.) At-Tirmidhi recorded
this Hadith.
Imam Malik recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated that Allah's Messenger said:
«)ِ ْ(َ6َ ْ
8ُ ْ"ََD ‫ت‬
ُ ْ#
َ ‫ َد‬:ُ‫ُل‬8َ ،ْ;َ6Cْ 8َ ْ ََA ْ‫= ِ ُآ‬
َ Mَ ‫ب‬
ُ َ6َ ْ
8ُ »
(One's supplication will be accepted as long as he does become get hasty and say,
JAWAD TO DO CHECK ORIG FOR TEXT

Imam Ahmad also recorded Abu Sa`id saying that the Prophet said:
Lَ ;6Cَ 8ُ ْ‫ َأن‬A‫ ِإ‬:‫َ ٍل‬O
ِ ‫ث‬
ِ َ"َQ ‫=َى‬
ْ ‫َ ِإ‬5ِ W
ُ ‫ُ ا‬eَh#
ْ ‫ إ  َأ‬،ٍ=
ِ ‫ُ َر‬.Cَ ِhَ0 َ ‫ٌ و‬Qْ ‫ ِإ‬5ِD {
َ ْ َ ٍ‫ْ َة‬#َ ِ ;G
َ ‫ َو‬2 #
َ W
َ ‫ُ ا‬#ْ8َ ٍ"ِ

ْ Aُ ْAِ َA»
«َ5"َْ Aِ ‫ ا
‚ ِء‬
َ Aِ Lُ ْ%#
َ ‫ف‬
َ ِ ْ8َ ْ‫ َأن‬A‫ َوِإ‬،‫َى‬O
ْ Mُ ‫ِ) ا‬D Lُ َ َ‫َه‬O
ِ  8َ ْ‫ َأن‬A‫ وَِإ‬،ُLَ َ#
ْ ‫َد‬
َ‫َل‬0 ‫ْ ُِ؟‬Vُ ‫ إذًا‬:‫َ ُا‬0:
«َ‫ َأ ْآ‬W
ُ ‫»ا‬
(No Muslim supplicates to Allah with a Du`a that does not involve sin or cutting the relations
of the womb, but Allah will grant him one of the three things. He will either hasten the
response to his supplication, save it for him until the Hereafter, or would turn an equivalent
amount of evil away from him.'') They said, "What if we were to recite more (Du`a).'' He said,
(There is more with Allah.)
`Abdullah the son of Imam Ahmad recorded `Ubadah bin As-Samit saying that the Prophet
68

said:
‫ ٍ أَو‬Qْ fِِ ُ‫ْع‬8َ ْ َ َA َ5َ"ْAِ ‫ ا
‚ ِء‬
َ Aِ Lُ %ْ َ# ]
 ‫ َأوْ َآ‬،َ‫ه‬8‫ إ‬W
ُ ‫ُ ا‬eَn  ‫ َةٍ ِإ‬#
ْ َ َ ; َG‫ َو‬2 #
َ W
َ ‫ُ ا‬#ْ8َ ٍ "ِْ
Aُ ;ٍ ُG‫ْ َر‬Aِ ِ‫ ْرض‬Mَ ‫ ِ ا‬5ْ َ‘ !"َ# َA»
«ِ=‫ َر‬.ِ Cَ ِh0َ
(There is no Muslim man on the face of the earth who supplicates to Allah but Allah would
either grant it to him, or avert a harm from him of equal proportions, as long as his
supplication does not involve sin or cutting the relations of the womb.) At-Tirmidhi recorded
this Hadith.
Imam Malik recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated that Allah's Messenger said:
«)ِ ْ(َ6َ ْ
8ُ ْ"ََD ‫ت‬
ُ ْ#
َ ‫ َد‬:ُ‫ُل‬8َ ،ْ;َ6Cْ 8َ ْ ََA ْ‫= ِ ُآ‬
َ Mَ ‫ب‬
ُ َ6َ ْ
8ُ »
(One's supplication will be accepted as long as he does become get hasty and say, `I have
supplicated but it has not been accepted from me.'')
This Hadith is recorded in the Two Sahihs from Malik, and this is the wording of Al-Bukhari.
Muslim recorded that the Prophet said:
«;ِ6Cْ َ

ْ 8َ ْ َ َA ٍ=
ِ ‫ َر‬.ِ Cَ ِh0َ ْ‫ْ َأو‬Qِfِ ‫ع‬
ُ ْ8َ ْ َ َA ِBْ Cَ "ْ ِ ‫ب‬
ُ 6َْ
8ُ ‫َا ُل‬28َ [»
:‫َ َل‬0 ‫َلُ؟‬6Cْ ِ @
ْ [‫َ ا‬A‫ َو‬،ِW‫َ رَ@ُ َل ا‬8 :;َ0ِ
«‫َء‬#‚ ‫ َعُ ا‬8َ ‫ َو‬Z
َ ِ‫ َ ذ‬%ْ #
ِ ُ

ِ ْJَ

ْ َ Dَ ،)ِ ‫ب‬
ُ َ6َ

ْ 8ُ ‫َ"ْ َأ َر‬Dَ ،ُ‫َْت‬#‫ْ َد‬0َ ‫ت و‬
ُ َْ#‫ْ َد‬0َ :‫ُ ُل‬8َ »
(The supplication of the servant will be accepted as long as he does not supplicate for what
includes sin, or cutting the relations of the womb, and as long as he does not become hasty.)
He was asked, "O Messenger of Allah! How does one become hasty'' He said, (He says, `I
supplicated and supplicated, but I do not see that my supplication is being accepted from me.'
He thus looses interest and abandons supplicating (to Allah).)
In the Musnad of Imam Ahmad and the Sunans of At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah it is
recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated that Allah's Messenger said:
‫َ َأ َْاب‬5 َ K
ُ َ ْ ُ ‫ َو‬،ِ.Aَ َِ ْ ‫ْ َم ا‬8َ ‫ َ ِم‬/َ ْ ‫ دُونَ ا‬W
ُ ‫َ ا‬5ُCDَ ْ8َ ،ِ‫"ُم‬Y
ْ َ ْ ‫ْ َ ُة ا‬#‫ َو َد‬،َِhْ 8ُ !=
َ ُ <ِ  ‫ وَا‬،ُ‫َدِل‬C ْ ‫َمُ ا‬Afْ ‫ ا‬:ْ5ُ ُ َ#
ْ ‫ٌ َ ُ َ ‚د َد‬.QَTQَ »
«ِ= َCْ َ ْ ََ‫ و‬Z
َ  َ 
ُ ْ َ? َ )ِ2Cِ ِ :‫ُل‬8َ ،ِ‫
َء‬
 ‫ا‬
(Three persons will not have their supplication rejected: the just ruler, the fasting person until
breaking the fast, and the supplication of the oppressed person, for Allah raises it above the
clouds on the Day of Resurrection, and the doors of heaven will be opened for it, and Allah
says, `By My grace! I will certainly grant it for you, even if after a while.')

69

10. QS Al Imron 3:123-136
- ‫ُون‬Vُ `
ْ َ ْVُ "Cَ َ Lَ " ‫َُاْ ا‬D .ٌ ِ‫ْرٍ َوأَ ُْ َأذ‬Bَ ِ Lُ " ‫ َ ُآ ُ ا‬
َ َ َْ َ َ‫ و‬
‫َا‬-‫َْ ِر ِهْ هَـ‬D A ْ‫?ُْ ُآ‬8َ َ‫ُواْ َو َ ُاْ و‬Bِ 
ْ َ ‫ َ"َ! إِن‬- 
َ ِ 2َ %ُA .ِ Vَ ِ ‫ ا ْ َ "َـ‬
َ A ‫ف‬
ٍ [َ ‫ ءَا‬.ِ Qَ T
َ َ ِ ْVُ ‚ ‫ُ ِ  ُآْ َر‬8 ‫ْ أَن‬Vُ ِVْ 8َ ْ َ‫َِ َأ‬%Aِ ْE ُ "ْ ِ ُ‫ِإذْ َُل‬ 

َ ِA

َ Aُ .ِ Vَ ِ ‫ ا ْ َ "َـ‬
َ A ‫ف‬
ٍ [‫ِ ءَا‬.

َ ْ g
َ ِ ْVُ ‚ ‫ ْ ِدْ ُآْ َر‬8ُ
‫ َآ َُواْ أَو‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬
َ A ًDَm
َ Iَ h
َ َْ ِ - ِ ِVJ
َ ْ ‫ِ ا‬28ِ2Cَ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ " ‫ِ ا‬%ِ# ْAِ [ ‫ ُ ِإ‬
ْ % ‫َ ا‬A‫ َو‬Lِ ِ ْVُ ُ ُ"0ُ ِ َ h
ْ َ َِ‫ْ و‬Vُ َ ‫`َى‬
ْ ُ [ ‫ ِإ‬Lُ " ‫ ا‬Lُ "ََCG
َ َA‫ َو‬
َ ِB<ِ €َO ‫ُ ْا‬Bِ"َ%َDَ ْ5ُ َBِ Vْ 8َ 
َ‫ْ ‘َـ"ِ ُن‬5ُ  ِfDَ ْ5ُ َ -Cَ 8ُ ْ‫ْ َأو‬5ِ ْ "ََ# ‫ب‬
َ ُ8َ ْ‫!ْءٌ َأو‬X
َ ِ Aْ [” ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ Z
َ َ {
َ ْ َ  ٌِ=‫ُرٌ ر‬r
َ Lُ " ‫َ`َ€ ُء وَا‬8 َA ‫ب‬
ُ -Cَ 8ُ َ‫`َ€ ُء و‬8َ َ ِ ُِ /ْ 8َ ‫ض‬
ِ ْ‫ِ! ا ”[ر‬D َA‫
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 ‫ِ! ا‬D َA Lِ " َ‫و‬ 
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ْ ‫ُاْ َ[ َ?ْ ُآ"ُاْ ا َ َأ‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8
- ‫= ُن‬
َ ُْ ْVُ "Cَ َ ‫ وَا @ُ َل‬Lَ " ‫ُاْ ا‬Cِm‫ َوَأ‬- 
َ 8ِِ‫َـ‬V"ْ ِ ْ‫ِ ت‬#‫ َر ا ِ! ُأ‬% ‫وَاُاْ ا‬
- ِ Y
ِ ‫َـ‬V ْ ‫ ِء وَا‬na ‫ ِء وَا‬n

 ‫ِ! ا‬D ‫ن‬
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ُ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫َ ا‬5ُdْ#
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ِ%

ِ ْJ ُ ْ ‫( ا‬
‚ ِJ8ُ Lُ " ‫س وَا‬
ِ % ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ َِ‫َـ‬C ْ ‫َ وَا‬vْ /َ ْ ‫ا‬
- ‫"ُا‬Cَ Dَ َA !َ"#
َ ْ‫ِ‚وا‬8ُ َْ ‫ َو‬Lُ " ‫ب ِإ [ ا‬
َ ُ-‚ ‫ُِ ا‬/ْ 8َ َA‫ْ َو‬5ِ ُُِ-ِ ْ‫ َُوا‬/ْ َ @
ْ َD Lَ " ‫ْ َذ َآُواْ ا‬5ُ

َ ُ ْ ‫ َأوْ ‘ََ" ُاْ َأ‬.ً `
َ ِJ‫َـ‬D ْ‫"ُا‬Cَ َD ‫َ ِإذَا‬8ِ- ‫وَا‬
‫َْ" ُن‬C8َ ْ ‫وَ ُه‬
ْ ‫َ َأ‬Cْ ِ َ‫َ و‬5ِD َ8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O ُ ‫َـ‬5ْ [” ‫َ ا‬5ِ ْJَ ِA ‫ِْى‬6َ ٌR‫ـ‬%G
َ َ‫ْ و‬5ِ  ‫ ر‬A ٌ‫ ِ َة‬/ْ A ْ‫ ُؤ ُه‬nَ2G
َ َZِ ‫ ُأوْ َـ‬
- ِ" ِ ‫َـ‬C ْ ‫ ُ ا‬G
3:123. Sungguh Allah telah menolong kamu dalam peperangan Badar, padahal kamu adalah
(ketika itu) orang-orang yang lemah. Karena itu bertakwalah kepada Allah, supaya kamu
mensyukuri-Nya.
3:124. (Ingatlah), ketika kamu mengatakan kepada orang mukmin: "Apakah tidak cukup
bagi kamu Allah membantu kamu dengan tiga ribu malaikat yang diturunkan (dari langit)?"
3:125. ya (cukup), jika kamu bersabar dan bertakwa dan mereka datang menyerang kamu
dengan seketika itu juga, niscaya Allah menolong kamu dengan lima ribu Malaikat yang
memakai tanda.
3:126. Dan Allah tidak menjadikan pemberian bala-bantuan itu melainkan sebagai kabar
gembira bagi (kemenangan) mu, dan agar tenteram hatimu karenanya. Dan kemenanganmu
itu hanyalah dari Allah Yang Maha Perkasa lagi Maha Bijaksana.
3:127. (Allah menolong kamu dalam perang Badar dan memberi bala bantuan itu) untuk
membinasakan segolongan orang-orang yang kafir, atau untuk menjadikan mereka hina, lalu
mereka kembali dengan tiada memperoleh apa-apa.
3:128. Tak ada sedikit pun campur tanganmu dalam urusan mereka itu atau Allah menerima
tobat mereka, atau mengazab mereka, karena sesungguhnya mereka itu orang-orang yang
lalim.
3:129. Kepunyaan Allah apa yang ada di langit dan yang ada di bumi. Dia memberi ampun
kepada siapa yang Dia kehendaki; Dia menyiksa siapa yang Dia kehendaki; dan Allah Maha
70

Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang.
3:130. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, janganlah kamu memakan riba dengan berlipat ganda
dan bertakwalah kamu kepada Allah supaya kamu mendapat keberuntungan.
3:131. Dan peliharalah dirimu dari api neraka, yang disediakan untuk orang-orang yang
kafir.
3:132. Dan taatilah Allah dan Rasul, supaya kamu diberi rahmat.
3:133. Dan bersegeralah kamu kepada ampunan dari Tuhanmu dan kepada surga yang
luasnya seluas langit dan bumi yang disediakan untuk orang-orang yang bertakwa,
3:134. (yaitu) orang-orang yang menafkahkan (hartanya), baik di waktu lapang maupun
sempit, dan orang-orang yang menahan amarahnya dan memaafkan (kesalahan) orang. Allah
menyukai orang-orang yang berbuat kebajikan.
3:135. Dan (juga) orang-orang yang apabila mengerjakan perbuatan keji atau menganiaya
diri sendiri, mereka ingat akan Allah, lalu memohon ampun terhadap dosa-dosa mereka dan
siapa lagi yang dapat mengampuni dosa selain daripada Allah? Dan mereka tidak
meneruskan perbuatan kejinya itu, sedang mereka mengetahui.
3:136. Mereka itu balasannya ialah ampunan dari Tuhan mereka dan surga yang di dalamnya
mengalir sungai-sungai, sedang mereka kekal di dalamnya; dan itulah sebaik-baik pahala
orang-orang yang beramal.
(123. And Allah has already made you victorious at Badr, when you were a weak little force.
So have Taqwa of Allah that you may be grateful.)
(124. (Remember) when you said to the believers, "Is it not enough for you that your Lord
should help you with three thousand angels sent down'')
(125. "But, if you hold on to patience and have Taqwa, and the enemy comes rushing at you;
your Lord will help you with five thousand angels having marks (of distinction).'')
(126. Allah made it not but as a message of good news for you and as an assurance to your
hearts. And there is no victory except from Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.)
(127. That He might cut off a part of those who disbelieve, or expose them to infamy, so that
they retire frustrated.)
(128. Not for you is the decision; whether He turns in mercy to (pardon) them or punishes
them; verily, they are the wrongdoers.)
(129. And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. He forgives
whom He wills, and punishes whom He wills. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)
(130. O you who believe! Do not consume Riba doubled and multiplied, but fear Allah that
you may be successful.)
(131. And fear the Fire, which is prepared for the disbelievers.)
(132. And obey Allah and the Messenger that you may obtain mercy.)
(133. And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for
Paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for the Muttaqin (the pious).)
(134. Those who spend (in Allah's cause) in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger,
and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves the Muhsinin (the good-doers).)
(135. And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (immoral sin) or wronged
themselves with evil, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins; and none can forgive
71

‫)‪sins but Allah, and do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know.‬‬
‫‪(136. For such, the reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing‬‬
‫‪underneath (Paradise), wherein they shall abide forever. How excellent is this reward for the‬‬
‫)‪doers (of good).‬‬
‫ 
ا آ‬
‫ن‬
‫` ُ‪ُV‬و َ‬
‫ َ ُآ ُ ا " ُ‪ٍ ْBَ ِ L‬ر َوَأ ْ ُْ َأذِ ‪ُ َD ٌ.‬ا ا " َ‪ْ َ ُْV"َC َ L‬‬
‫وََ َْ َ َ‬
‫‪ " ! C L 0‬و  آ ا‪B W‬ر " أي ‪8‬م ر وآن ‪8‬م ‪ .C G‬وا‪ cD‬ا 
‪ 5X A `# I‬ر‪aA‬ن ‪ .%@ A‬ا‪A %Q‬‬
‫ا ‪65‬ة وه ‪8‬م ا ‪0‬ن ا ‪-‬ي أ‪ 2#‬ا‪ LD W‬ا‪T@U‬م وأه"‪ L‬ود‪ LD ˆA‬ا `ك و‪O‬ب ‪ L"JA‬و=‪ L2‬ه‪-‬ا ‪# ."0 IA‬د ا
"  ‪- A8‬‬
‫‪ 5fD‬آا ‪ .< "Q‬و‪ `# .QTQ‬ر‪D 5D TG‬ر@ن و@‪CB‬ن ‪C‬ا وا ‪0B‬ن ‪`A‬ة { ‪ A 5CA‬ا ‪C‬د ‪GJ8 A I G‬ن إ ‪. L‬‬
‫وآن ا ‪C‬و ‪  A - A8‬ا 
‪ .< C‬إ ! ا‪@ )D ] M‬اˆ ا ‪ 8J‬وا ‪ ‰B‬وا ‪C‬ة ا ‪ ."AV‬وا ‪g‬ل ا 
‪ .A‬وا ‪ )"J‬ا ‪2‬ا< ‪2#?D‬‬
‫ا‪ W‬ر@ ‪ L‬وأ‘‪ 5‬و=‪ L‬و‪ L"82%‬و‰ و‪ LG‬ا ‪ )B%‬و‪ L"B0‬وأ‪2O‬ى ا `‪h‬ن و‪ L"G‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪B# !"# % A ! C‬د‪ e‬ا ‪%AE‬‬
‫و=‪ L2‬ا  " و  آ ا‪B W‬ر وأ أذ ‪ " .‬أي ‪# ;"0‬دآ ‪ "C‬ا أن ا ‪ %‬إ  ه ‪ %# A‬ا‪V [ W‬ة ا ‪C‬د وا ‪C‬د‬
‫و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪ )D ! C‬ا‪ .8x‬ا‪OM‬ى " و‪8‬م =‪ %‬إذ أ‪ VB6#‬آ‪ -  X V%# / "D V‬إ ! ‪r -‬ر ر= " و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ= ‬
‫=‪ @ # .BCX %Q= CG   JA %Q‬ك ‪0‬ل ‪ d# RC @ :‬ا‪CXM‬ي ‪0‬ل ‪5X :‬ت ا ‪A‬ك و‪ .
O %"#‬أ‪A‬اء أ ‪B#‬ة‬
‫و‪  828‬أ) @ن وا =
‪ .%‬و‪   O‬ا   و‪#‬ض ‪ -‬و { ‪#‬ض ه‪-‬ا ا ‪-‬ي =ث @ آ ‪0 -‬ل ‪ :‬و‪0‬ل ‪ :  #‬إذا آن‬
‫‪ V"CD [0‬أ ‪B#‬ة ‪0‬ل ‪ %BVD :‬إ ‪ L‬أ‪?G 0 L‬ش إ ‪ %‬ا ت وا@ د‪ (VD e‬إ ‪ %‬إ‪G 0 L‬ء) آ‪  
V‬و‪ )%‬وإ)‬
‫أد ‪ A !"# V‬ه أ‪ 2#‬ا وأ= ‪%G‬ا ا‪ 2# W‬و‪%@D ;G‬و‪fD e‬ن ‪ JA‬ا ^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8 )D  0‬م ر ‪ )D‬أ‪;0‬‬
‫‪fD V# A‬ذا ‪G‬ءآ آ) ه‪-‬ا ‪"D‬ه و[ ا‪0 )CG‬ل ‪%"D :‬ه ‪%A25D‬ه أر‪D I‬ا@— ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬وأ^‪ %B‬أ‪A‬ا[ ‪`D‬ور‬
‫‪X?D‬ر ‪# %"#‬ض أن ‪ # )hC‬آ; ذي رأس ‪`#‬ة ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬و‪0‬ل أ ‪B#‬ة ‪8 A :‬اه‪ )%%‬؟ ‪D‬ل ‪X‬ب أ إن  ‪0 (a/‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪D LB
D‬أ‪ )# R8‬أ) ‪B#‬ة ‪%8‬ان وه ‪D !"# L"O‬س أ‪#‬ا) وه‪-‬ا إ@‪%‬د ^‪ KJ‬و‪ 0‬أ‪ LGO‬ا =‪B‬ن ‪A LJJ^ )D‬‬
‫=‪% o8‬ار ‪%r #‬ر ‪ eJ%‬وا‪O‬ر‪ e‬ا ‪ vDJ‬ا ‪a‬ء ا @) ‪ )D‬آ‪ L‬ور ‪ .VA  ."JA‬وا ‪C .%8‬ف ‪ B‬ه ‪ .
%A‬إ !‬
‫ر‪= ;G‬ه ‪8‬ل ‪ L‬ر  ا ‪%‬ر‪0 8‬ل ا `‪ .)BC‬ر   ‪ !
8 ;G‬را ‪ :‬و‪D " L 0‬ا ا‪V` V"C W‬ون " أي ‪A‬ن‬
‫‪L#h .‬‬
‫ف ِ‪ َA‬ا ْ َ "َ ِ< َ‪َِ 2َ %ْ Aُ .ِ V‬‬
‫ َأ َ ْ َ‪َ ْVُ َ ِVْ 8‬أنْ ُ‪ُ  ِ 8‬آْ َر ‚ ُ‪ٍ َ n .ِ Qَ َ"َ ِ ْV‬‬
‫ِإذْ َُ ُل ِ ْ" ُ ‪َ ِ%Aِ ْE‬‬
‫ا‪ ]"O‬ا  
ون ‪ )D‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ #‬ه; آن ‪8‬م ر أو ‪8‬م أ= ؟ ‪ "  0 !"#‬أ=ه  " أن ‪ " L 0‬إذ ل " ‪c"CA " %AE‬‬
‫ ‪ " L‬و  آ ا‪B W‬ر " وه‪-‬ا ‪ #‬ا ‪ 
J‬ا ‪B‬ي و‪ A#‬ا `‪ )BC‬وا ‪  I‬أ{ و‪r‬ه وا‪O‬ر‪ e‬ا ‪0 8G‬ل ‪B#‬د‬
‫ ‪%A‬ر ‪ #‬ا ‪ " L 0 )D 
J‬إذ ل " ‪ %AE‬أ  ‪ VV8‬أن ‪ 8‬آ ر‪[n .QT V‬ف ‪ A‬ا ‪0 " .V<T‬ل ‪ :‬ه‪-‬ا ‪8‬م ر‬
‫روا‪ e‬ا أ) = ‪0 Q .‬ل ‪ %Q= :‬أ) =‪  !@A %Q‬إ@ ‪ %Q= ;#‬وه( =‪ %Q‬داود ‪ )%C8 A# #‬ا `‪ )BC‬أن ا
" ‬
‫"‪8 5/‬م ر أن آز  ‪  8 G‬ا `آ ‪ c`D‬ذ ‪2?D 5"# Z‬ل ا‪ " ! C W‬أ  ‪ VV8‬أن ‪ 8‬آ ر‪[n .QT V‬ف ‪A‬‬
‫ا ‪ -  2%A .V<T‬إ ! ‪0 " A
A - L 0‬ل ‪ R/"BD :‬آزا ا ‪  8 "D . 825‬ا `آ و  ‪  8‬ا‪ W‬ا
"   ‪ ..
g‬و‪0‬ل‬
‫ا ‪  I‬أ{ ‪ :‬أ‪ A‬ا‪ W‬ا
"  ? ] ‪^ Q‬روا ‪[n .QTQ‬ف ‪^ Q‬روا ‪[n .
O‬ف ‪fD‬ن ‪  D ;0‬ا ‪  I 6‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ !"# .8x‬ه‪-‬ا‬
‫ا ل و ‪ .0 )D L 0‬ر " إذ  
‪/‬ن ر‪6@D V‬ب ‪ V‬أ) ‪ A‬آ ? ] ‪ A‬ا ‪A .V<T‬د‪ - D‬إ ! ‪ - L 0‬إن ا‪282# W‬‬
‫=‪ " V‬؟ ‪6 D‬اب أن ا ‪ !"# ‡%‬ا‪ ] M‬ه‪ )D%8 [ %5‬ا ‪ .QT‬ا‪[x‬ف ‪A " L  50D  D‬د‪8 !%C  " D‬د‪r 5D‬ه‬
‫و‪ 5CB8‬أ ف أ‪ . 5"A O‬وه‪-‬ا ا 
ق ‪-5 LBX‬ا ا 
ق ‪@ )D‬رة ‪n‬ل ‪ #‬ان ‪Y D‬ه أن ذ ‪ Z‬آن ‪8‬م ر آ  ه ا ‪C‬وف‬
‫‪ A‬أن ‪0‬ل ا ‪ .V<T‬إ  آن ‪8‬م ر وا‪ W‬أ‪ . "#‬و‪0‬ل @‪  C‬أ) ‪#‬و‪ .‬أ‪ A‬ا‪ W‬ا
"  ‪8‬م ر ‪[n .
g‬ف " ا ل‬
‫ا ) " أن ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ " L  c"CA #‬وإذ ‪r‬وت ‪ A‬أه"‪B Z‬ئ ا ‪" #A %AE‬ل " وذ ‪8 Z‬م أ= وه ‪0‬ل ‪6A‬ه‬
‫و‪ .AV#‬وا ‪Ja‬ك وا ‪2‬هي و‪ .B#  !@A‬و‪r‬ه ‪ 0 V .‬ا  ‪ ;J8‬ا‪AU‬اد  ‪ .
g‬ا‪[x‬ف ‪M‬ن ا
"  ‪D‬وا ‪- A8‬‬
‫‪ .‬زاد ‪ .AV#‬و[  ‪ .QT‬ا‪[x‬ف  ‪ " ! C L‬إن ‪B‬وا وا " ‪B8 "D‬وا ; ‪D‬وا ‪ 8 "D‬وا  "‪ Z‬وا=‬
‫‬

‪َ ِA‬‬
‫ ا ْ َ "َ ِ< َ‪َ Aُ .ِ V‬‬

ِ‪َ n .‬فٍ ِ‪َ A‬‬
‫‪َ ْ g‬‬
‫ ِ‪ُB‬وا َو َ ُا وَ َ‪ُ ُ?ْ 8‬آْ ِ‪ِ َْD ْA‬ر ِهْ َه‪َ-‬ا ُ‪ِ ْ 8‬دْ ُآْ َر ‚‪َ ِ ُْV‬‬
‫َ"َ! ِإنْ َ ْ‬
‫‪ !" " ! C L 0‬إن ‪B‬وا وا " ‪B )%C8‬وا ‪A !"#‬ة ‪#‬وآ و) و‪Ch‬ا أ‪A‬ي ‪ .‬و‪ " ! C L 0‬و‪?8‬آ ‪A‬‬
‫‪D‬ره ه‪-‬ا " ‪0‬ل ا ‪ 
J‬و‪0‬دة وا ‪ I‬وا 
ي ‪ :‬أي ‪ A‬و‪ 55G‬ه‪-‬ا ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ‪6A‬ه و‪ .AV#‬وأ ^ ‪ K‬أي ‪ 5Bar A‬ه‪-‬ا ‪.‬‬
‫و‪0‬ل ا ‪Ja‬ك ‪ 5Bar A :‬وو‪ . 55G‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪ # )DC‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪@ A :‬ه ه‪-‬ا و‪8‬ل ‪ 5Bar A‬ه‪-‬ا ‪ .‬و‪" ! C L 0‬‬
‫‪ 8‬دآ ر‪[n .
g V‬ف ‪ A‬ا ‪ " A
A .V<T‬أي ‪ .   
 "CA‬و‪0‬ل أ إ@‪ cJ‬ا
‪= # )CB‬ر‪aA  .Q‬ب ‪)"# #‬‬
‫‪72‬‬

‫ أ) ‪ ( m‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪ :‬آن @  ا ‪8 .V<T‬م ر ا ف ا‪ ‰M‬وآن @ ه أ‪ )D a8‬ا^) ‪ 5 O‬روا‪ e‬ا‬
‫أ) = ‪0 Q .‬ل =‪ %Q‬أ زر‪ %Q= .#‬ه‪ = %Q=  O  .‬د  @" ‪ #   JA # .‬و  ‪ # . "#‬أ) @" ‪# .‬‬
‫أ) ه‪8‬ة ر‪ )d‬ا‪ )D L%# W‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪0 " A
A " .8x‬ل ‪ 5C  :‬ا‪  =M‬و‪0‬ل ‪6A‬ه ‪ " A
A " :‬أي ‪ .D-JA‬أ‪#‬ا‪5D‬‬
‫‪ . "CA‬ا^‪  5‬ف ا‪ )D ‰M‬أذب ا ‪ ;g‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪ # )DC‬ا ‪B#‬س ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪ :‬أ‪ R‬ا ‪ JA .V<T‬ا ^"! ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"#‬و@" ‪  A
A‬ف ‪
D‬م ‪  JA‬وأ^‪ LJ‬أ
‪ 5‬و‪ @ !"# 5"O‬ه  ف و‪0‬ل ‪0‬دة و‪" A
A " .AV#‬‬
‫أي   
ا ل ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ‪JVA‬ل ‪ . < C  A
A :‬وروى ا ‪A‬دو‪ B# o8= A L8‬ا وس  =‪h# # (B‬ء  أ)‬
‫رح ‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0 " A
A " L 0 )D‬ل " ‪ "  "CA‬وآن @  ا ‪8 .V<T‬م‬
‫ر ‪@ < #‬د و‪8‬م =‪ .  = < # %‬وروي ‪gA  
= o8= A‬رق ‪ # C@ #‬ا ‪ #  
A # VJ‬ا ‪B#‬س‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪ ;  :‬ا ‪ .V<T‬إ[ ‪8‬م ر و‪0‬ل ا إ@‪ [ A )%Q= cJ‬أ‪ #  
A # 5‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬آن @  ا ‪8 .V<T‬م ر‬
‫‪ 0 ‰ < #‬أر@"ه ‪5‘ )D‬ره و‪8‬م =‪ .  = < # %‬و  ‪a‬ب ا ‪8 )D .V<T‬م @ى ‪8‬م ر وآا ‪V8‬ن ‪#‬دا‬
‫و‪A‬دا [ ‪a8‬ن ‪ Q‬روا‪ # e‬ا ‪ #  
J‬رة ‪ #‬ا ‪ #  
A # VJ‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪-D‬آ ‪ . eJ‬و‪0‬ل ا أ) = =‪%Q‬‬
‫ا‪ %Q= )
=M‬وآ‪ %Q= I‬ه`م  ‪#‬وة ‪B#  !J8 #‬د ‪ :‬أن ا ‪ 2‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L%# W‬آن ‪8 L"#‬م ر ‪^ .A #‬اء‬
‫‪6CA‬ا ‪ R 2%D 5‬ا ‪ ^ < # 5"# .V<T‬روا‪ e‬ا ‪A‬دو‪ c8m A L8‬ه`م  ‪#‬وة ‪ #‬أ‪ B# # L‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪-D 2‬آ‪e‬‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫‪ِِVJ‬‬
‫‪ ِ %ْ #‬ا " ِ‪ L‬ا ْ ‪ 2ِ 8ِ2َC‬ا ْ َ‬
‫ ُ ِإ  ِ‪ِ ْA‬‬
‫ ‪َ Lِ ِ ُْVُ ُ"ُ0‬و‪ َA‬ا ‪ْ %‬‬
‫‪ ِ َ h‬‬
‫‪ Lُ "ََCG‬ا " ُ‪ِ L‬إ  ُ`َْى َ ُ‪َ ْV‬و ِ َ ْ‬
‫َو‪َ َA‬‬
‫‪ " ! C L 0‬و‪ L"CG A‬ا‪ W‬إ[ `ى ‪ V‬و ‪ " L V"0  h‬أي و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل ا‪ W‬ا ‪ .V<T‬وأ‪2f V "#‬ا ‪ 5‬إ[ `رة ‪ V‬و‪Bh‬‬
‫ "‪ V‬و‪ % h‬وإ[ ‪  fD‬ا ‪ %# A %‬ا‪ W‬ا ‪-‬ي  ‪X‬ء [ ‪ A‬أ‪#‬ا<‪ L‬و‪ V‬و‪ r A‬ا=ج إ ! ‪ 5 V 0‬آ  ‪0‬ل‬
‫‪ C ! C‬أ‪ eA‬ا ‪  %AE‬ل " ذ ‪ Z‬و  ‪`8‬ء ا‪ 5%A [ W‬و ‪ ‰CB VaC "B V‬وا ‪"0 8-‬ا ‪ ;B@ )D‬ا‪;a8 "D W‬‬
‫أ‪ 585@ 5  #‬و‪ 5  K"8‬و‪ 5"O8‬ا ‪ " 5 5D# .%6‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ه‪ " %5‬و‪ L"CG A‬ا‪ W‬إ[ `ى ‪ V‬و ‪L V"0  h‬‬
‫‪.‬و‪ A‬ا ‪ %‬إ[ ‪ %# A‬ا‪ W‬ا ‪ 282C‬ا ‪ " VJ‬أي ه ذو ا ‪2C‬ة ا ) [ ام وا ‪0 )D . VJ‬ر‪ e‬وا‪V=U‬م‬
‫‬
‫ ا ‪َ َ8ِ-‬آ َُوا أَوْ َ‪ُB"َِ%ْ َ َD ْ 5ُ َ ِBVْ 8‬ا ‪َ ِB<ِ َO‬‬
‫‪َ Aِ ًDَ m‬‬
‫ ِ َ ْ‪َ Iَ َh‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪ A Dm Ih " ! C‬ا ‪ 8-‬آوا " أي أ‪A‬آ  ‪56‬د وا ‪T6‬ء  ‪ )D L‬ذ ‪ A Z‬ا ‪ )D . VJ‬آ; ‪ 8‬و ‪-5‬ا ذآ ‪I G‬‬
‫ا‪
0M‬م ا ‪ )D .%V‬ا ‪V‬ر ا ‪6‬ه‪D 8‬ل " ‪ " Dm Ih‬أي ‪ Z"5‬أ‪ A " .A‬ا ‪ 8-‬آوا أو ‪B"%D 5BV8‬ا " أي ‪CG8‬ا "‬
‫‪ " B<O .‬أي  ‪"J8‬ا ‪ A !"#‬أ‪"A‬ا ‪ Q .‬ا‪#‬ض ‪ ." 6‬د ‪ !"# R‬أن ا ‪ )D VJ‬ا  وا‪Ox‬ة ‪ L‬و=‪L Z8X [ e‬‬
‫ن‬
‫ب ‪َ ِْ5ْ "ََ#‬أوْ ُ‪َ ُ َِ‘ ْ5ُ fَِD ْ5ُ َ -Cَ 8‬‬
‫)ءٌ َأوْ َ‪َ ُ8‬‬
‫‪ْ X‬‬
‫ ا َْ? ْ‪َ ِA‬‬
‫{ َ ‪َ Aِ َZ‬‬
‫َ ْ َ‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪ A Z { " ! C‬ا‪)X AM‬ء " أي ; ا‪ AM‬آ"‪ L‬إ ) آ  ‪0‬ل ‪ Z"#  fD " ! C‬ا ‪TB‬غ و‪ %"#‬ا ‪
J‬ب " و‪0‬ل {‬
‫‪ Z"#‬هاه و ‪ V‬ا‪58 W‬ي ‪`8 A‬ء " و‪0‬ل " إ‪5 [ Z‬ي ‪ A‬أ=‪ RBB‬و ‪ V‬ا‪58 W‬ي ‪`8 A‬ء " و‪0‬ل ‪   JA‬إ@‪)D cJ‬‬
‫‪ A Z { " L 0‬ا‪)X AM‬ء " أي { ‪ A Z‬ا ‪)X VJ‬ء ‪B# )D‬دي إ[ ‪ A‬أ‪ Q . 5D L ZA‬ذآ ‪ .‬ا‪
0M‬م ‪D‬ل " أو‬
‫‪8‬ب ‪ " 5"#‬أي ‪  A‬ه ‪ A LD‬ا ‪ C 585D V‬ا ‪ " . Ta‬أو ‪ " 5-C8‬أي ‪ )D‬ا  وا‪Ox‬ة ‪ !"#‬آه وذ‪ 5‬و ‪-5‬ا‬
‫‪0‬ل " ‪ ‘ 5fD‬ن " أي ‪J
8‬ن ذ ‪ . Z‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪gB‬ري =‪B= %Q‬ن  ‪ !@A‬أ‪ B# ?B‬ا‪ W‬أ‪ #  CA ?B‬ا ‪2‬هي =‪)%Q‬‬
‫@  ‪ #‬أ‪ L‬أ‪ I @ L‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل إذا ر‪ ID‬رأ@‪ A L‬ا آع ‪ )D‬ا آ‪ .C‬ا ‪ A .‬ا ‪ " 6‬ا "‪ 5‬ا ‪C‬‬
‫‪ TD‬و‪8 A C " TD‬ل" @ ‪ I‬ا‪ e =  W‬ر‪ %‬و ‪ Z‬ا ‪2?D "  J‬ل ا‪ A Z { " ! C W‬ا‪)X AM‬ء " ا‪ . .8x‬وه‪-V‬ا‬
‫روا‪ e‬ا ‪ B# o8= A )<
%‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪B‬رك و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪ %Q‬أ ا ‪ %Q= a%‬أ ‪0 - ;#‬ل أ=  ‪ :‬وه ‪ B#‬ا‪ W‬‬
‫‪ K ^ ;#‬ا ‪2 =   # %Q= - .Q o8J‬ة ‪ #  @ #‬أ‪0 L‬ل ‪ RC @ :‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل " ا "‪5‬‬
‫ا ‪ TD C‬و‪ TD‬ا "‪ 5‬ا ‪ C‬ا ‪J‬رث  ه`م ا "‪ 5‬ا ‪ #  ;5@ C‬و ا "‪ 5‬ا ‪^ C‬ان  أ‪ R 2%D " .A‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪{ " .8x‬‬
‫ ‪ A Z‬ا‪)X AM‬ء أو ‪8‬ب ‪ 5"#‬أو ‪ ‘ 5fD 5-C8‬ن " ‪ 5"# (D‬آ"‪ . 5‬و‪0‬ل أ=  ‪ %Q= :‬أ ‪CA‬و‪ .8‬ا ‪%Q= )<TC‬‬
‫‪   O‬ا ‪J‬رث =‪T6#   JA %Q‬ن ‪ B# # ID #‬ا‪ W‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" آن ‪ !"# #8‬أر‪0 .C‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪2?D‬ل ا‪ A Z { W‬ا‪)X AM‬ء إ ! ‪ On‬ا‪0 .8x‬ل ‪ :‬وهاه ا‪T@H W‬م ‪0‬ل ا ‪gB‬ري ‪0 :‬ل ‪T6#   JA‬ن ‪ # ID #‬ا‬
‫‪  #‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪0  5%# W‬ل ‪ :‬آن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و‪ L n‬و@" ‪ !"# #8‬ر‪G‬ل ‪ A‬ا `آ ‪!= 5< @? 5
8‬‬
‫أ‪2‬ل ا‪ A Z { " ! C W‬ا‪)X AM‬ء " ا‪ . .8x‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪gB‬ري أ‪  !@A %Q= : a8‬إ@ ‪ %Q= ;#‬إاه  @‪# C‬‬
‫ا ‪5X‬ب ‪  C@ #‬ا 
( وأ) @" ‪ B#  .‬ا =  ‪ #‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L%# W‬أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@"‬
‫آن إذا أراد أن ‪ !"# #8‬أ= أو ‪ C R%0 =M #8‬ا آع ور  ‪0‬ل إذا ‪0‬ل @ ‪ I‬ا‪ e =  W‬ر‪ %‬و ‪ Z‬ا ‪ :  J‬ا "‪ 5‬أŒ‬
‫ا    ا   و@" ‪  .‬ه`م و‪#‬ش  أ) ر‪ .C‬وا 
‪ A Ca‬ا ‪ . %AE‬ا "‪ 5‬ا‪X‬د و‪ aA !"# Z?m‬وا‪5"CG‬‬
‫‪ %@ 5"#‬آ
‪ . Z - 568 " ]@8 )%‬وآن ‪8‬ل ‪T^ )D LT^ ‰C )D‬ة ا ‪ " 6‬ا "‪ 5‬ا ‪ TD C‬و‪=M " TD‬ء ‪A‬‬
‫‪73‬‬

‫أ=ء ا ‪C‬ب =! أ‪2‬ل ا‪ A Z { " W‬ا‪)X AM‬ء " ا‪ . .8x‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪gB‬ري ‪0 :‬ل =  و‪ # RQ‬أ{  ‪ ŒX : Z A‬ا ‪)B%‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬م أ= ‪D‬ل " آ] ‪0 K"8‬م ‪6X‬ا ‪ 5B‬؟ " ‪ A Z { " R 2%D‬ا‪)X AM‬ء " و‪ 0‬أ@‪ %‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪o8J‬‬
‫ا ‪-‬ي ‪ L"#‬ا ‪gB‬ري ‪D LJJ^ )D‬ل ‪2r )D‬وة أ= ‪ B#  !J8 %Q= :‬ا‪ W‬ا
" ) أ‪ B# BO‬ا‪ W‬أ‪ #  CA BO‬ا ‪2‬هي‬
‫=‪ B#   @ )%Q‬ا‪ # W‬أ‪ L‬أ‪ I @ L‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل إذا ر‪ ID‬رأ@‪ A L‬ا آع ‪ )D‬ا آ‪ .C‬ا‪OM‬ة ‪A‬‬
‫ا ‪ " 6‬ا "‪ 5‬ا ‪ TD C‬و‪ TD‬و‪8 A C " TD‬ل " @ ‪ I‬ا‪ e =  W‬ر‪ %‬و ‪ Z‬ا ‪2?D "  J‬ل ا‪ A Z { " W‬ا‪AM‬‬
‫‪)X‬ء " ا‪ . .8x‬و‪  ."Y%= #‬أ) @ن ‪0‬ل ‪ B#   @ RC @ :‬ا‪0 W‬ل ‪ :‬آن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪!"# #8‬‬
‫^ان  أ‪ .A‬و@‪ #  ;5‬و وا ‪J‬رث  ه`م ‪ A Z { " R 2%D‬ا‪)X AM‬ء أو ‪8‬ب ‪ 5"#‬أو ‪ ‘ 5fD 5-C8‬ن‬
‫" ه‪-V‬ا ذآ ه‪ e-‬ا ‪82‬دة ا ‪gB‬ري ‪ ."@A ."CA‬و‪%
A RA 0‬ة ‪ %
A )D ."A‬أ=  ‪ . n‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ %Q= :‬ه`‬
‫=‪ #  = %Q‬أ{ ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L%# W‬أن ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" آ 
ت ر‪8 L#‬م أ= و‪ )D ŒX‬و‪@ != L5G‬ل ا م ‪!"#‬‬
‫و‪D L5G‬ل " آ] ‪0 K"8‬م ‪"CD‬ا ه‪-‬ا ‪ 5B%‬وه ‪#8‬ه إ ! ر‪ 2# 5‬و‪2?D " ;G‬ل ا‪ A Z { " W‬ا‪)X AM‬ء أو ‪8‬ب‬
‫‪ 5"#‬أو ‪ ‘ 5fD 5-C8‬ن " اد ‪D "
A L‬وا‪ # e‬ا ‪ = # )B%C‬د  @" ‪ # RQ # .‬أ{ ‪-D‬آ‪ . e‬و‪0‬ل ا‬
‫‪ %Q= : 8G‬ا =  =‪  !J8 %Q‬وا‪ %Q= Kd‬ا ‪  
J‬وا‪0 # hA # 0‬دة ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬أ^( ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@"‬
‫‪8‬م أ= وآ 
ت ر‪ L#‬و‪D‬ق =‪ I0D LBG‬و‪ L"#‬در‪#‬ن وا م ‪ ! A  @ L  D ;
8‬أ) =‪ L
"G?D .8-‬و‪ # K
A‬و‪L5G‬‬
‫‪D?D‬ق وه ‪8‬ل " آ] م ‪"CD‬ا ه‪-‬ا ‪ 5B%‬وه ‪#8‬ه إ ! ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ ;G‬؟ " ‪2?D‬ل ا‪ A Z { " W‬ا‪)X AM‬ء " ا‪.8x‬‬
‫‪.‬وآ‪-‬ا روا‪ B# e‬ا زاق ‪0 #  CA #‬دة ‪ eJ%‬و  ‪D?D ;8‬ق‬
‫‪ُr‬رٌ َر=ٌِ‬
‫ب َ‪ُ َ`8َ ْA‬ء وَا " ُ‪َ L‬‬
‫ض َ‪ُ َ`8َ ْ َ ِ ُ ِ/ْ 8‬ء َو ُ‪ُ - َC8‬‬
‫ت وَ‪ )ِD َA‬ا ْ ?َرْ ِ‬

َوَا ِ‬
‫َو ِ" ِ‪ )ِD َA L‬ا ‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬و‪ )D A W‬ا 
ات و‪ )D A‬ا‪M‬رض " ا‪ . .8x‬أي ا ‪ L Z"A I 6‬وأه"‪`8  /8 " L88  B#  5‬ء و‪-C8‬ب‬
‫‪`8 A‬ء " أي ه ا ف ‪ L VJ (CA TD‬و[ ‪?
8‬ل ‪ ;C8  #‬وه ‪ ?
8‬ن وا‪r W‬ر ر=‬
‫‪ #‬تْ ِ ْ"‪َ8ِِDَV‬‬
‫وَاُا ا ‪َ %‬ر ا ِ) ُأ ِ‬
‫‪# Q " .‬ه  ‪%‬ر و=‪-‬ره ‪D 5%A‬ل ‪ " . ! C‬واا ا ‪%‬ر ا ) أ‪#‬ت "‪ 8DV‬وأ‪Cm‬ا ا‪ W‬وا @ل ‪ = V"C‬ن‬
‫[ ‪ e-5  
G8‬ا‪.8M‬‬
‫‬
‫ت وَا َْ?رْضُ ُأ‪ ِ#‬تْ ِ ْ" ُ ِ َ‬

َوَا ُ‬
‫‪ َ5d‬ا ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ .ٍ % G‬‬
‫َو@َ ِر‪ُ#‬ا ِإ َ! َ‪ٍ َ ِ/ْ A‬ة ِ‪َ ْA‬ر  ُ‪َ ْV‬و َ‬
‫‪ 5 Q‬إ ! ا ‪B‬درة إ ! ‪ ;CD‬ا ‪g‬ات وا 
ر‪ .#‬إ ! ; ا ت ‪D‬ل ‪ " ! C‬و@ر‪#‬ا إ ! ‪/A‬ة ‪ A‬ر‪ V‬و‪5d# .%G‬‬
‫ا 
ات وا‪M‬رض أ‪#‬ت "  " أي آ  أ‪#‬ت ا ‪%‬ر "‪ 8DV‬و‪ ;0 0‬إن ‪ 5d# L 0 !%CA‬ا 
ات وا‪M‬رض ‪!"# 5B%‬‬
‫ا 
ع ‪ 5 m‬آ  ‪0‬ل ‪D .^ )D‬ش ا ‪ A 5%<h " .%6‬إ@‪B‬ق " أي ‪ <5Y  Z%‘  D‬و‪ 5d# ; ;0‬آ‪LD .B0 5M 5 h‬‬
‫‪ RJ‬ا ‪C‬ش وا `)ء ا ‪ (B‬وا 
‪ Ld# 8‬آ‪ L h‬و‪ 0‬دل ‪ !"#‬ذ ‪ )D RBQ A Z‬ا ‪ " KJ‬إذا @?  ا‪ W‬ا ‪e ?@D .%6‬‬
‫ا دوس ‪ LfD‬أ‪ !"#‬ا ‪ .%6‬وأو@ ا ‪ .%6‬و‪ 6 L%A‬أ‪5‬ر ا ‪ .%6‬و@‪# 5‬ش ا =  " وه‪ e-‬ا‪ .8x‬آ ‪@ )D L‬رة ا ‪" 8J‬‬
‫@ا إ ! ‪/A‬ة ‪ A‬ر‪ V‬و‪ 5d# .%G‬آ‪C‬ض ا 
ء وا‪M‬رض " ا‪ . .8x‬و‪ 0‬رو‪ %
A )D %8‬ا‪AU‬م أ=  أن ه‪ ;0‬آ( إ !‬
‫ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" إ‪ Z‬د‪ )%#‬إ ! ‪ 5d# .%G‬ا 
ات وا‪M‬رض ‪ 8?D‬ا ‪%‬ر ؟ ‪D‬ل ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" "‬
‫@‪JB‬ن ا‪ 8?D W‬ا "; إذا ‪G‬ء ا ‪5%‬ر "‪ .‬و‪ 0‬روا‪ e‬ا ‪D 8G‬ل =‪ {8 )%Q‬أ‪ ?B‬ا وه( أ‪ #  O  "
A )BO‬أ)‬
‫‪  C@ # . O‬أ) را‪A  !"C8 # X‬ة ‪0‬ل ‪ R‬ا ‪ )O%‬ر@ل ه‪ ;0‬إ ! ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪‡ J‬‬
‫‪ gX‬آ‪B‬ا ‪D 
D 0‬ل ‪ !"# RA0‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪V‬ب ه‪%D ;0‬ول ا ‪ .J‬ر‪
8 # ;G‬ر‪0 e‬ل ‪A R"0 :‬‬
‫^=‪ VB‬ا ‪-‬ي ‪8‬أ ؟ ‪ 0‬ا ‪CA :‬و‪fD .8‬ذا آب ^=‪ : )B‬إ‪ Z‬آ‪ )# RB‬إ ! ‪ 5d# .%G‬ا 
ات وا‪M‬رض ‪ 8?D‬ا ‪%‬ر ‪0‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪D‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " @‪JB‬ن ا‪ 8?D W‬ا "; إذا ‪G‬ء ا ‪5%‬ر " ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ا‪ w #M‬و@ن ا ري و‪{0 # .BCX‬‬
‫ ‪m # "
A‬رق  ‪5X‬ب ‪ :‬أن @ ‪ A‬ا ‪5‬د @? ا ‪   #‬ا ‪hg‬ب ‪ 5d# .%G #‬ا 
ات وا‪M‬رض ‪ 8?D‬ا ‪%‬ر ؟ ‪D‬ل‬
‫ ‪ :  # 5‬أرأ‪ 8‬إذا ‪G‬ء ا ‪5%‬ر أ‪ 8‬ا "; وإذا ‪G‬ء ا "; أ‪ 8‬ا ‪5%‬ر ‪ D‬ا ‪ A 5"A R#2  :‬ا راة روا‪ e‬ا ‪.QTQ A 8G‬‬
‫‪m‬ق ‪0 Q .‬ل ‪ %Q= :‬أ=   =زم =‪ %Q‬أ ‪0  CG %Q= C‬ن أ‪  828 ?B‬ا‪ : ^M‬أن ر‪ A TG‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب ‪0‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪ 8‬ن ‪ 5d# .%G‬ا 
ات وا‪M‬رض ‪ 8?D‬ا ‪%‬ر ؟ ‪D‬ل ا ‪B#‬س ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L%# W‬أ‪V8 8‬ن ا "; إذا ‪G‬ء ا ‪5%‬ر وأ‪V8 8‬ن‬
‫ا ‪5%‬ر إذا ‪G‬ء ا "; ‪ .‬و‪ 0‬روي ه‪-‬ا ‪D #DA‬ل ا ‪2B‬ار =‪ %Q=  CA   JA %Q‬ا ‪/‬ة  @" ‪ .‬أ ه`م =‪ B# %Q‬ا ا=‬
‫ ز‪8‬د ‪ B# #‬ا‪ B#  W‬ا‪  W‬ا‪  828 L # # ^M‬ا‪ # ^M‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ‪0‬ل ‪G :‬ء ر‪ ;G‬إ ! ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪D‬ل ‪ :‬أرأ‪ 5d# .%G " ! C L 0 R8‬ا 
ات وا‪M‬رض " ‪ 8?D‬ا ‪%‬ر ؟ ‪0‬ل " أرأ‪ R8‬ا "; إذا ‪G‬ء ‪ {B‬آ; ‪)X‬ء ‪8?D‬‬
‫ا ‪5%‬ر " ؟ ‪0‬ل ‪X o= :‬ء ا‪0 W‬ل " وآ‪ Z -‬ا ‪%‬ر ‪V‬ن =‪X o‬ء ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ . " ;G‬وه‪-‬ا ‪ " %CA ; J8‬أ=ه  " أن ‪V8‬ن‬
‫‪74‬‬

‫ا ‪ )D !%C‬ذ ‪ Z‬أ‪2"8 [ L‬م ‪# A‬م ‪`A‬ه‪ %‬ا "; إذا ‪G‬ء ا ‪5%‬ر أن [ ‪V8‬ن ‪VA )D‬ن وإن آ‪ : L "C [ %‬وآ‪ Z -‬ا ‪%‬ر ‪V‬ن =‪o‬‬
‫‪X‬ء ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ ;G‬وه‪-‬ا أ‘‪ 5‬آ  م ‪ o8= )D‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ‪ #‬ا ‪2B‬ار " ا ) " أن ‪V8‬ن ا ‪ !%C‬أن ا ‪5%‬ر إذا ‪ !`/‬و‪LG‬‬
‫ا ‪ A  C‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪fD (6‬ن ا "; ‪V8‬ن ‪ A‬ا ‪ (6‬ا‪ Z -VD Ox‬ا ‪ )D .%6‬أ‪D "# !"#‬ق ا 
ات ‪ RJ‬ا ‪C‬ش و‪ 5d#‬آ ‬
‫‪0‬ل ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ " ;G‬آ‪C‬ض ا 
ات وا‪M‬رض " وا ‪%‬ر ‪ )D‬أ@; @‪  )D% TD "D‬آ‪ 5‬آ‪C‬ض ا 
ات وا‪M‬رض و‬
‫‪ .‬و‪G‬د ا ‪%‬ر وا‪ W‬أ‪"#‬‬
‫‬

‪َ ِ%‬‬
‫( ا ْ ُ ‪ِ ْJ‬‬
‫‪‚ J‬‬
‫‪ ِ#‬ا ‪%‬سِ وَا " ُ‪ِ 8ُ L‬‬
‫‪ v‬وَا ْ ‪َ َِDَC‬‬
‫‘ َِ ا ْ َ‪َ ْ /‬‬
‫‪a‬ا ِء وَا ْ ‪ِ َV‬‬
‫ 
ا ِء وَا ‬
‫ ُ‪ُِ %ْ 8‬نَ ‪ )ِD‬ا ‬
‫ا ‪َ 8ِ-‬‬
‫‪ Q‬ذآ ‪ .^ ! C‬أه; ا ‪D .%6‬ل " ا ‪%8 8-‬ن ‪ )D‬ا 
اء وا ‪a‬اء " أي ‪ )D‬ا `ة وا ‪O‬ء وا ‪ `%‬وا ‪ eV‬وا ‪.J‬‬
‫وا ض ‪ .‬و‪ I G )D‬ا‪=M‬ال آ  ‪0‬ل " ا ‪%8 8-‬ن  "; وا ‪5%‬ر @ا و‪ " .T#‬وا ‪ !%C‬أ‪ 5"/`8 [ 5‬أ‪ .#m # A‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ ! C‬وا‪U‬ق ‪A )D‬ا‪ Ld‬وا‪
=U‬ن إ ! ‪0 A L"O‬ا‪ 5‬و‪r‬ه ?اع ا ‪ B‬و‪ " ! C L 0‬وا ‪  ‘V‬ا ‪ v/‬وا ‪# DC‬‬
‫ا ‪%‬س " أي إذا ‪Q‬ر ‪ 5‬ا ‪ v/‬آ‪ !%C  e Y‬آ ‪ e" C8 "D e‬و‪#‬ا ‪ IA‬ذ ‪  # Z‬أ@ء إ ‪ : 5‬و‪ 0‬ورد ‪ ‰C )D‬ا‪Qx‬ر "‬
‫‪8‬ل ا‪ 8 : ! C W‬ا ‪n‬دم اذآ) إذا ‪ RBar‬أذآك إذا ‪ TD RBar‬أه"‪  D ZV‬أه"‪ " Z‬روا‪ e‬ا أ) = ‪ .‬و‪0 0‬ل أ ‪!"C8‬‬
‫‪ %Q= : e%
A )D‬أ ‪ !@A‬ا ‪ (CX  ! 
# %Q= A2‬ا ‪ 8a‬أ ا ‪ )%Q= ;a‬ا ‪ "@  I‬ن ا ‪ %‬ي ‪ #‬أ) ‪ #‬و‬
‫ أ{  ‪ # Z A‬أ‪0 L‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪ A‬آ] ‪ LBar‬آ] ا‪-# L%# W‬ا‪ L‬و‪2O A‬ن 
‪@ L‬‬
‫ا‪# W‬ر‪ L‬و‪ A‬ا‪-#‬ر إ ) ‪ ;B0‬ا‪-# W‬ر‪ ." e‬وه‪-‬ا =‪ (8r o8‬و‪ )D‬إ@‪%‬د‪ . Y e‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ B# %Q= :‬ا =  =‪%Q‬‬
‫‪ # Z A‬ا ‪2‬هي ‪  C@ #‬ا 
( ‪ #‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L%# L%# W‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل " { ا `‪8‬‬
‫ ‪ .#‬و ‪ V‬ا `‪ 8‬ا ‪-‬ي ‪ %# L 
Z" 8‬ا ‪ " (a/‬و‪ 0‬روا‪ e‬ا `‪g‬ن ‪ . Z A o8= A‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  أ‪ %Q= : a8‬أ‬
‫‪CA‬و‪ %Q= .8‬ا‪ # w #M‬إاه ا  ) ‪ #‬ا ‪J‬رث  @‪ B# # 8‬ا‪ W‬وه ا ‪C
A‬د ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " أ‪A V8‬ل وار‪ LQ‬أ=( إ ‪ " L A A L‬؟ ‪ 0‬ا ‪ 8 :‬ر@ل ا‪ A %A A W‬أ= إ[ ‪ L A‬أ=( إ ‪A A L‬ل‬
‫وار‪0 LQ‬ل " ا‪ "#‬ا أ‪ V%A { L‬أ= إ[ ‪A‬ل وار‪ LQ‬أ=( إ ‪ Z A A Z A L A A L‬إ[ ‪ RA0 A‬و‪ A‬ار‪ ZQ‬إ[ ‪ A‬أ‪O‬ت " ‪.‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪ :‬و‪0‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪C A‬ون ا ‪ VD .#‬؟ " ‪ %"0‬ا ‪-‬ي [ ‪ L#‬ا ‪G‬ل ‪0‬ل " [ و ‪ V‬ا ‪-‬ي ‪Z" 8‬‬
‫
‪ %# L‬ا ‪0 " (a/‬ل ‪ :‬و‪0‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " أرون ‪ A‬ا ‪0‬ب ؟ " ‪ %"0‬ا ‪-‬ي [ و  ‪0 L‬ل " [ و ‪V‬‬
‫ا ‪0‬ب ا ‪-‬ي [ ‪8‬م ‪ A‬و ‪ . "  X e‬أ‪O‬ج ا ‪gB‬ري ا ; ا‪M‬ول ‪ L%A‬وأ‪O‬ج ‪ "
A‬أ^; ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ A o8J‬روا‪ .8‬ا‪" L w #M‬‬
‫=‪0 " On o8‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪# RC @ .BCX %Q= CG   JA %Q= :‬وة  ‪ B#‬ا‪ W‬ا ‪J8 )C6‬ث ‪ #‬أ) =‪ .B‬أو ا‬
‫أ) = ‪ #‬ر‪ 5X ;G‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D (hg8‬ل " أرون ‪ A‬ا ‪0‬ب ؟ " ‪ %"0‬ا ‪-‬ي [ و  ‪0 L‬ل " ا ‪0‬ب آ;‬
‫ا ‪0‬ب ا ‪-‬ي ‪ L‬و  ‪ D‬ت و  ‪8‬م ‪0 "  X 5%A‬ل " أرون ‪ A‬ا ‪"C‬ك " ؟ ‪ 0‬ا ا ‪-‬ي { ‪A L‬ل ‪D‬ل ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"#‬و@" " ا ‪"C‬ك آ; ا ‪"C‬ك ا ‪-‬ي ‪A L‬ل ‪ D‬ت و  ‪8‬م ‪0 "  X L%A‬ل ‪0 Q :‬ل ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪A‬‬
‫ا ‪ " .#‬؟ ‪ 0‬ا ‪ :‬ا ‪ I8‬ا ‪-‬ي [ ‪ L#‬ا ‪G‬ل ‪D‬ل ^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ا ‪ .#‬آ; ا ‪ .#‬ا ‪-‬ي ‪`D (a/8‬‬
‫‪ LBar‬و‪  J8‬و‪ L5G‬و‪D eCX C`8‬ع ‪0 . " On o8= " " LBar‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ %Q= :‬ا   =‪ %Q‬ه`م ه ا‬
‫‪#‬وة ‪ #‬أ‪ # L‬ا‪8 L # # {0  ]%=M‬ل ‪= L‬ر‪0  .Q‬ا‪ .A‬ا
‪C‬ي أ‪?@ L‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪ 8‬ر@ل ا‪ )%C%8 [0 ) ;0 W‬وأ‪ )"C )"# ;"0‬أ‪D L#‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪#?D " (a/ [ " :‬د ‪!= L"#‬‬
‫أ‪#‬د ‪A L"#‬ارا آ; ذ ‪8 Z‬ل " [ ‪ " (a/‬وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ # e‬أ) ‪CA‬و‪ # .8‬ه`م ‪ L‬وروا‪ e‬أ‪ C@  !J8 # a8‬ا ‪h‬ن‬
‫‪ #‬ه`م ‪ : L‬أن ر‪0 TG‬ل ‪ 8‬ر@ل ا‪ [0 ) ;0 W‬وأ‪ )"C )"# ;"0‬أ‪D L"#‬ل " [ ‪ . " (a/‬ا ‪ o8J‬اد ‪ L‬أ=  " =‪o8‬‬
‫‪0 ." On‬ل أ=  =‪ B# %Q‬ا زاق أ‪ #  CA ?B‬ا ‪2‬هي ‪ B#   = #‬ا =  ‪ #‬ر‪ A ;G‬أ^‪J‬ب ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر‪ 8 ;G‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬أو^‪0 )%‬ل " [ ‪0 " (a/‬ل ا ‪VD : ;G‬ت = ‪0‬ل ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0 A‬ل ‪fD‬ذا‬
‫ا ‪ I 68 (a/‬ا ` آ"‪ L‬اد ‪ L‬أ=  " =‪0 " On o8‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ %Q= :‬أ ‪CA‬و‪ %Q= .8‬داود  أ) ه‪ # %‬أ) =ب‬
‫ا أ) ا‪@M‬د ‪ #‬أ) ا‪@M‬د ‪ #‬أ) ذر ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪ :‬آن ‪= !"# )
8‬ض ‪6D L‬ء ‪0‬م ‪ D‬ا ‪ :‬أ‪8 V8‬رد ‪ !"#‬أ)‬
‫ذر و‪CX ( 
J8‬ات ‪ A‬رأ@‪ L‬؟ ‪D‬ل ر‪ : ;G‬أ ‪6D‬ء ‪?D‬ورد ‪ !"#‬ا ‪J‬ض ‪ L0D‬وآن أ ذر ‪ Q {"6D  <0‬ا‪8 L ;D I6hd‬‬
‫أ ذر  ‪ Q R
"G‬ا‪ RC6hd‬؟ ‪D‬ل ‪ :‬إن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل ‪ " %‬إذا ‪ (ar‬أ=آ وه ‪fD {"6"D <0‬ن ذه(‬
‫‪ L%#‬ا ‪ (a/‬وإ[ ‪ . " I6ha"D‬وروا‪ e‬أ داود ‪ #‬أ=   =‪%@f ;B%‬د‪ e‬إ[ أ‪ L‬و‪ )D I0‬روا‪ # L8‬أ) =ب ‪ #‬أ) ذر‬
‫وا ‪ KJ‬ا أ) =ب ‪ #‬أ‪ # L‬أ) ذر آ  روا‪ B# e‬ا‪  W‬أ=  ‪ #‬أ‪0 " On o8= " L‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪ %Q‬إاه‬
‫ ‪ %Q=  O‬أ وا<; ا ‪0 )C%‬ل ‪ :‬آ‪# %# @"G %‬وة  ‪  JA‬إذ د‪ L"# ;O‬ر‪TV L "VD ;G‬م أ‪  "D LBar‬أن أ‪0 LBar‬م‬
‫‪# Q‬د إ ‪ %‬و‪D ?d 0‬ل ‪ )%Q= :‬أ) ‪G #‬ي ‪ .h#‬ه ا @‪ C‬ا
‪C‬ي ‪ -‬و‪ 0‬آ‪0 - .BJ^ L R‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪!"^ W‬‬
‫ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " إن ا ‪ A (a/‬ا `‪h‬ن وإن ا `‪h‬ن ‪ A c"O‬ا ‪%‬ر وإ  ‪ ?h‬ا ‪%‬ر  ء ‪fD‬ذا ‪ (ar‬أ=آ ‪. " ?d"D‬‬
‫وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬أ داود ‪ o8= A‬إاه  ‪  O‬ا ‪ # )C%‬أ) وا<; ا ص ا ادي ا ‪0 )C%‬ل أ داود ‪ :‬أرا‪ B# e‬ا‪ W‬‬
‫‪0 " On o8= " J‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ B# %Q= :‬ا‪ %Q= 828  W‬ح  ‪CA‬و‪ .8‬ا
" ) ‪=  ;A #‬ن ‪h# #‬ء ‪#‬‬
‫ا ‪B#‬س ر‪ )d‬ا‪0  5%# W‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪ A‬أ‪
CA Y‬ا أو و‪ L%# Id‬و‪ e0‬ا‪ %5G KD A W‬أ[‬
‫إن ‪ ; #‬ا ‪2= .%6‬ن ة ‪ QTQ‬أ[ إن ‪ ; #‬ا ‪%‬ر @‪5 
;5‬ة ‪ .‬وا
‪ A C‬و‪ )0‬ا  و‪ .#G A A‬أ=( إ ! ا‪.#G A W‬‬
‫‪75‬‬

" 
= L%A‫وح و‬6A LD { 
= e‫د‬%@‫ أ=  وإ‬L ‫ اد‬. "  8‫ إ‬LDG W‫’ ا‬A [‫ إ‬W‫ ا‬B# 5 Y‫ آ‬A B# 5 YV8 vr 
# ‫ر‬%A ‫) ا‬%C8 ` # ‫ي‬5A ‫) ا‬%C8  = ‫ ا‬B# %Q= ‫م‬VA  .B# %Q= ‫ل أ داود‬0 " e%CA )D On o8=
!"^ W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 L‫ أ‬# "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ب ا‬J^‫ء أ‬%‫ أ‬A ;G‫ ر‬# (‫  وه‬8@ # ‫ن‬T6#   JA
- L"# ‫در‬0 ‫ ل وه‬G ‫ب‬Q {B ‫ ك‬A‫  و‬8‫ وإ‬%A‫ أ‬LDG W‫’ ا‬A e-%8 ‫"! أن‬# ‫در‬0 ‫ وه‬Yr Y‫ آ‬A " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ا‬
:  =‫م أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0 " On o8= " . " Z" ‫ ج ا‬W‫ ا‬e
‫ آ‬W ‫ ج‬A‫ و‬.A‫ا‬V ‫ ا‬."= W‫ ا‬e
‫ آ‬- Cd‫ل ا‬0 LB
=‫ أ‬: ` ‫ل‬0 
Y‫ آ‬A " ‫ل‬0 !"^ W‫ أن ر@ل ا‬L‫ أ‬# {‫ذ  أ‬CA  ;5@ # ‫=م‬A ‫) أ‬%Q= C@ %Q= ‫ل‬0 828  W‫ ا‬B# %Q= 
‫ي وا‬-A ‫ أ داود وا‬e‫ وروا‬. ‫ء‬X ‫ر‬J ‫ أي ا‬A eg8 != c<Tg ‫"! رءوس ا‬# W‫ ا‬e#‫ د‬e-%8 ‫"! أن‬# ‫در‬0 ‫ وه‬Yr 
8‫ ز‬# {0  ‫? داود‬B‫ ا زاق أ‬B# ‫ل‬0 " On o8= " (8r 
= : ‫ي‬-A ‫ل ا‬0‫ و‬L ‫ب‬8‫  أ) أ‬C@ o8= A LGA
v/ ‫‘  ا‬V ‫ ! " وا‬C L 0 )D L%# W‫) ا‬d‫ة ر‬8‫ أ) ه‬# L # # ;"6 ‫ ا‬B# L ‫ل‬8 ‫ أه; ا `م‬A ;G‫ ر‬# "@‫ أ‬ 
‫ل ا‬0 " On o8= " "  8‫ وإ‬%A‫ أ‬LDG W‫’ ا‬A e‫"! إذ‬# ‫ر‬8 ‫ وه‬Yr Y‫ آ‬A " ‫ل‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫" أن ا‬ 
‫ ا‬# 
J ‫ ا‬# B#  {8 )BO‫^ أ‬#  )"# ?B‫ ( أ‬m ‫! ا‬J8 ?B‫د أ‬8‫   ز‬JA   =‫ أ‬%Q= : L8‫دو‬A 
5 Y‫ آ‬vr .#G A ‫ا‬G‫; أ‬aD‫ أ‬.#G A B# ‫ع‬6 A " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0  5%# W‫) ا‬d‫  ر‬#
! C L D L B#  {8 # . "@  ‫ = د‬#  #  ` # LGA ‫ ا‬e‫ا روا‬-‫ وآ‬8G ‫ ا‬e‫ روا‬. " W‫ ا‬LG‫ء و‬/‫ا‬
" ! C ‫ل‬0 Q ;G‫ و‬2# W‫ ا‬%# Z ‫ن ذ‬B 
J8‫ه و‬X 5%# ‫ن‬V8 ; ‫س‬% ‫) ا‬D 5Bar ‫ "ن‬C8 [ ‫ " أي‬v/ ‫‘  ا‬V ‫" وا‬
‫=ال‬M‫ا أآ ; ا‬-‫"! أ= وه‬# ‫ة‬GA 5 
‫) أ‬D )B8 TD 5 
‫) أ‬D 5 "‘  # ‫ن‬C8 ` ‫ آ] ا‬IA ‫س " أي‬% ‫ ا‬# DC ‫وا‬ 
A‫ و‬.0^ A ‫ل‬A ‡ A 5"# 
0‫ث أ‬TQ " o8J ‫) ا‬D‫= 
ن و‬U‫ت ا‬AA A ‫ا‬-5D . " %
J ‫( ا‬J8 W‫ل " وا‬0 ‫ا‬-5 ‫و‬
!J8  cJ@‫ إ‬# .B#  !@A o8= A L‫ 
رآ‬A )D ‫آ‬J ‫ روى ا‬. " W‫ ا‬LCD‫ ر‬W Id‫ ا‬A‫ا و‬2# [‫ إ‬C ‫ا‬B# W‫زاد ا‬
L ‫`ف‬8 ‫ أن‬e@ A " ‫ل‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫( أن ر@ل ا‬C‫ أ)  آ‬# RA ‫دة  ا‬B# # )X ‫ ا‬.J"m )‫ أ‬
eGg8  ‫ و‬g` ‫ط ا‬X !"# KJ^ ‫ل‬0 Q . " LCh0 A ;8‫ و‬LA= A C8‫ و‬L "‘  # ]C"D ‫ت‬G‫ ا ر‬L ID‫ن و‬%B ‫ا‬
c8m A ‫ وروي‬Z ‫ ذ‬J% 5%# W‫) ا‬d‫ ر‬. "@ ‫ة وأم‬8‫ة وأ) ه‬6#  (C‫") وآ‬# o8= A L8‫دو‬A ‫ ا‬e‫ أورد‬0‫ و‬. 
8‫ أ‬: ‫ل‬8 ‫د‬%A ‫ دى‬.A ‫م ا‬8 ‫ و@" " إذا آن‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0  5%# W‫) ا‬d‫س ر‬B# ‫ ا‬# ‫ك‬Ja ‫ا‬
.%6 ‫; ا‬O8 ‫ أن‬# ‫
" إذا‬A ‫ئ‬A‫"! آ; ا‬# c=‫رآ و‬G‫وا أ‬-O‫ و‬V‫س ه" ا إ ! ر‬% ‫ ا‬# ‫ن‬DC ‫ " ا‬. 

َ ِ"Aِ َC ْ ‫ُ ا‬G
ْ ‫ َ َأ‬Cْ ِ ‫َ َو‬5ِD َ8ِِ َO ُ‫َر‬5ْ?َ ْ ‫َ ا‬5ِ ْJَ ْAِ ‫ِي‬6
ْ َ ٌ‫ت‬%G
َ ‫ْ َو‬5ِ  َ‫ْ ر‬Aِ ٌ‫ َِة‬/ْ Aَ ْ‫َا ُؤ ُه‬2G
َ Z
َ ِ َ ‫أُو‬ 
5‫ ر‬A ‫ة‬/A " ‫ ا ت‬e-‫"! ه‬# ‫اؤه‬2G ‫ " أي‬5‫ ر‬A ‫ة‬/A ‫اؤه‬2G Z ‫ " أو‬L 5^‫   و‬5^‫ و‬C ! C ‫ل‬0 Q
‫ ح‬8 " "AC ‫ ا‬G‫ أ‬C‫ " و‬5D ‫آ‬A ‫ " أي‬5D 8 O " ‫ أاع ا `وت‬A ‫ر " أي‬5M‫ ا‬5J A ‫ي‬6 ‫ت‬%G‫و‬
.%6 ‫ ! ا‬C .

Allah said, 
ٍ‫ْر‬Bَ ِ Lُ " ‫ َ ُآ ُ ا‬
َ َ َْ ََ‫و‬
(And Allah has already made you victorious at Badr,)3:123 meaning, during the battle of
Badr, which occurred on a Friday, the seventeenth of Ramadan, in the second year of Hijrah.
The day of Badr is known as Yawm Al-Furqan the Day of the Clarification, by which Allah
gave victory and dominance to Islam and its people and disgraced and destroyed Shirk, even
though the Muslims were few. The Muslims numbered three hundred and thirteen men, with
two horses and seventy camels. The rest were foot soldiers without enough supplies for the
battle. The enemy army consisted of nine hundred to a thousand men, having enough shields
and supplies, battle-ready horses and even various adornments.
However, Allah gave victory to His Messenger , supported His revelation, and illuminated
success on the faces of the Prophet and his following. Allah also brought disgrace to Shayatan
and his army. This is why Allah reminded His believing servants and pious party of this favor, 
ٌ. ِ‫ْ ٍر َوأَ ُْ َأذ‬Bَ ِ Lُ " ‫ َ ُآ ُ ا‬
َ َ َْ ََ‫و‬
76

(And Allah has already made you victorious at Badr, when you were a weak little force),
cwhen you were few then. This Ayah reminds them that victory is only from Allah, not
because of a large army and adequate supplies. This is why Allah said in another Ayah, 
ً ْ X
َ ْVُ %َ# 
ِ /ْ ُ ْ"ََD ْVُ ُ َْ ‫ْ َآ‬Vُ ْ Bَ 6
َ ْ#‫ ٍْ ِإذْ َأ‬%َ ُ= ‫ْ َم‬8َ ‫ َو‬
(. .and on the day of Hunayn (battle) when you rejoiced at your great number, but it availed
you naught) 9:25, until, 
ٌِ=‫ُرٌ ر‬r
َ Lُ " ‫وَا‬
(And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful) 9:27.
Badr is an area between Makkah and Al-Madinah and is known by the well that bears its
name, which in turn was so named after Badr bin An-Narayn, the person who dug the well. 
َ‫ُون‬Vُ `
ْ َ ْVُ "Cَ َ Lَ " ‫َ ُاْ ا‬D
(So have Taqwa of Allah that you may be grateful.) 3:123, means, fulfill the obligations of
His obedience.
The scholars of Tafsir differ over whether the promise contained in these Ayat referred to the
battle of Badr or Uhud. The First View
There are two opinions about this, one of them saying that Allah's statement, 
َِ%Aِ ْE ُ "ْ ِ ُ‫ِإذْ َُل‬
((Remember) when you said to the believers) 3:124, is related to His statement, 
ٍ‫ْر‬Bَ ِ Lُ " ‫ َ ُآ ُ ا‬
َ َ َْ ََ‫و‬
(And Allah has already made you victorious at Badr) 3:123.
This was reported from Al-Hasan Al-Basri, `Amr Ash-Sha`bi, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and several
others, Ibn Jarir also agreed with this opinion. `Abbad bin Mansur said that Al-Hasan said
that Allah's statement, 
ِ.Vَ ِ ‫ ا ْ َ "َـ‬
َ A ‫ف‬
ٍ [َ ‫ ءَا‬.ِ Qَ َTَ ِ ُْV‚ ‫ ِ  ُآْ َر‬8ُ ‫ْ أَن‬Vُ ِْV8َ ْ ََ‫ أ‬
َ ِ%Aِ ْE ُ "ْ ِ ‫ِإذْ َُ ُل‬
((Remember) when you said to the believers, "Is it not enough for you that your Lord should
help you with three thousand angels'') 3:124, is about the battle of Badr; Ibn Abi Hatim also
recorded this statement.
Ibn Abi Hatim then reported that `Amr Ash-Sha`bi said, "On the day of Badr, the Muslims
received information that Kurz bin Jabir (a prominent tribe chief) was aiding the idolators,
and this news was hard on them, so Allah revealed; 
َِ َ2%ُA .ِ Vَ ِ ‫ ا ْ َ "َـ‬
َ A ‫ف‬
ٍ [َ ‫ ءَا‬.ِ Qَ T
َ َ ِ ُْV‚ َ‫ ِ  ُآْ ر‬8ُ ‫ُْ أَن‬VِVْ 8َ ْ َ‫َأ‬

77

("Is it not enough for you that your Lord (Allah) should help you with three thousand angels
sent down''), until, 
َِA

َ Aُ 
(having marks (of distinction)) 3:124,125.
The news of the defeat of the idolators at Badr reached Kurz and he did not reinforce them,
and thus, Allah did not reinforce the Muslims with the five (thousands of angels).''
As for Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, he said, "Allah supported the Muslims with one thousand (angels),
then the number reached three thousand, then five thousand.'' If one asks, according to this
opinion, how can we combine between this Ayah and Allah's statement about Badr, 
َِD‫ْ ِد‬Aُ .ِ Vَ ِ ‫ ا ْ َ"َـ‬
َ A ٍ] ْ ?َِ ْ‫ ِ ‚ ُآ‬Aُ )‫ُْ َأ‬V َ ‫ب‬
َ َ6َ@
ْ َD ْVُ  ‫ُِنَ َر‬/َ

ْ َ ْ‫ِإذ‬
((Remember) when you sought help of your Lord and He answered you (saying): "I will help
you with a thousand angels, each behind the other (following one another) in succession.'') 
8:9, until, 
ٌِV=
َ ٌ28ِ2َ# Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫َأ‬
(Verily! Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise) We say that the one thousand mentioned here does not
contradict the three thousand mentioned in the above Ayah 3:124. The word "in succession''
means they follow each other and thus indicates that thousands more will follow them. The
two Ayat above 8:9 and 3:124 are similar in meaning and it appears that they both were
about the battle of Badr, because the angels did fight in the battle of Badr, as the evidence
indicates. Allah knows best. Allah's statement, 
ْ‫ُواْ َو َ ُا‬Bِ َْ ‫َ"َ! إِن‬
(But if you hold on to patience and have Taqwa,) 3:125 means, if you observe patience while
fighting the enemy, all the while fearing Me and obeying My command. Al-Hasan, Qatadah,
Ar-Rabi` and As-Suddi said that Allah's statement, 
‫َا‬-‫َْ ِر ِهْ هَـ‬D A ْ‫ ْ?ُ ُآ‬8َ ‫ َو‬
(and they will come rushing) means, they (angels) will rush to you instantaneously. Al-`Awfi
said that Ibn `Abbas said that the Ayah means, "All at once''. It is also said that it means,
before their anger subsides (against the disbelievers). The Second View
The second opinion stipulates that the promise mentioned here concerning the angels
participating in battle is related to Allah's statement, 
ِ‫َ ِ ْ"َِل‬#
ِ َAَ َِ%Aِ ْE ُ ْ ‫َى ُء ا‬Bُ Z
َ "ِ‫ْ َأ ْه‬Aِ ‫ت‬
َ ْ‫ َو‬r
َ ْ‫ َوِإذ‬
(And (remember) when you left your household in the morning to post the believers at their
stations for the battle) of Uhud. However, we should add, the angels did not come to the aid of
Muslims at Uhud, because Allah made it conditional,

78 

ْ‫ُواْ َو َ ُا‬Bِ َْ ‫َ"َ! إِن‬
(But if you hold on to patience and have Taqwa) 3: 125.
The Muslims were not patient at Uhud. Rather, they ran away and, consequently, did not
receive the support of even one angel.
Allah's statement, 
َِA

َ Aُ .ِ Vَ ِ ‫ ا ْ َ "َـ‬
َ A ‫ف‬
ٍ [‫ ءَا‬.ِ

َ ْ َgِ ْVُ ‚ ‫ ْ ِدْ ُآْ َر‬8ُ 
(your Lord will help you with five thousand angels having marks), of distinction.
Abu Ishaq As-Subay`i said; from Harithah bin Mudarrib said that `Ali bin Abi Talib said,
"The angels were distinguished by wearing white wool at Badr.'' The angels also had special
markings distinguishing their horses.
Allah said, 
ِLِ ْVُ ُ ُ"ُ0 
 ِ َ h
ْ َ ِ‫ْ َو‬Vُ َ ‫ ِإ [ ُ`َْى‬Lُ " ‫ ا‬Lُ "َCَ G
َ َA‫ َو‬
(Allah made it not but as a message of good news for you and as an assurance to your hearts) 
3:126.
This Ayah means, "Allah sent down angels and told you about their descent to encourage you
and to comfort and reassure your hearts. You should know that victory only comes from Allah
and that if He willed, He would have defeated your enemy without you having to fight them.''
For instance, Allah said after commanding the believers to fight, 
ُ5 ََ K
ُ "ِْ8ُ ‫ْ َو‬5ِ 8ِ5ْ َ @
َ ْ5ُ َ"‫ َـ‬#
ْ ‫ ; َأ‬a
ِ 8ُ َ"Dَ Lِ " ‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ !ِD ْ‫ُ ِ"ُا‬0 
َ 8ِ- ‫‰ٍ وَا‬Cْ Bَ ِ ْVُ a
َ ْCَ َ "ُBْ َ ّ ِV‫ْ َو َـ‬5ُ ْ%Aِ َ
َ َ ْ [َ Lُ " ‫`َ€ء ا‬8َ ْ ََ‫ و‬Z
َ ِ‫ذ‬ 
ْ5ُ َ َ5َD #
َ .َ % 6
َ ْ ‫ُ ا‬5ُ ُ"O
ِ ْ8ُ َ‫و‬
(But if it had been Allah's will, He Himself could certainly have punished them (without you).
But (He lets you fight) in order to test some of you with others. But those who are killed in the
way of Allah, He will never let their deeds be lost. He will guide them and set right their state.
And admit them to Paradise which He has made known to them) 47:4-6.
This is why Allah said here, 
ِِVJ
َ ْ ‫ ا‬2ِ 8ِ2َC ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ " ‫ ِ ا‬%ِ# ْAِ [ ‫ ُ ِإ‬
ْ % ‫َ ا‬A‫ َو‬Lِ ِ ْVُ ُ ُ"ُ0 
 ِ َ h
ْ َ ِ َ‫ْ و‬Vُ َ ‫`َى‬
ْ ُ [ ‫ ِإ‬Lُ " ‫ ا‬Lُ "ََCG
َ َA‫ َو‬
(Allah made it not but as a message of good news for you and as an assurance to your hearts.
And there is no victory except from Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise) 3:126.
This Ayah means, "Allah is the Almighty Whose power can never be undermined, and He has
the perfect wisdom in His decrees and in all His decisions.'' Allah said, 
ْ‫َ َآَُوا‬8ِ- ‫ ا‬
َ A ًDَm
َ Iَ h
َ َْ ِ
(That He might cut off a part of those who disbelieve,) 3:127 meaning, out of His wisdom, He
79

commands you to perform Jihad and to fight.
Allah then mentions the various consequences of performing Jihad against the disbelievers.
For instance, Allah said, 
ًDََm Iَ h
َ ْ َ ِ
(That He might cut off a part...) meaning, to cause a part of a nation to perish, 
ْ5ُ َ ِBVْ 8َ ْ‫ َآ َُو ْا َأو‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬
َ A 
(of those who disbelieve, or expose them to infamy,) by disgracing them and forcing them to
return with only their rage, having failed in their aim to harm you. This is why Allah said
next, 
ْ‫ُا‬B"َِ%َDَ ْ5ُ َ Bِ Vْ 8َ ْ‫َأو‬
(or expose them to infamy, so that they retire) to go back to their land, 
َِB<ِ €َO
(frustrated) without achieving their aims.
Allah then mentions a statement that testifies that the decision in this life and the Hereafter is
for Him Alone without partners, 
ٌ‫!ْء‬X
َ ِ Aْ [” ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ Z
َ َ {
َ ْ َ
(Not for you is the decision) 3:128
meaning, "The matter is all in My Hand.'' Allah also said, 
ُ‫ِ
َب‬J ْ ‫َ ا‬%ْ َ"#
َ ‫"َـ ُˆ َو‬Bَ ْ ‫ ا‬Z
َ ْ َ"#
َ َ  fِDَ 
(your duty is only to convey (the Message) and on Us is the reckoning.) 13:40, and, 
ُ‫َ`َ€ء‬8 َA ‫ِى‬5ْ 8َ Lَ " ‫ ا‬
 Vِ ‫ ُهَا ُهْ َو َـ‬Z
َ ْ "ََ# {
َ ْ 
(Not upon you is their guidance, but Allah guides whom He wills.) 2:272, and, 
ُ‫`َ€ء‬8َ َA ‫ِى‬5ْ 8َ Lَ " ‫ ا‬
 ِV‫ َو َـ‬R
َ ْBBَ ْ=‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ‫ِى‬5ْ َ [َ Z
َ  ‫ِإ‬
(Verily, you guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills) 28: 56.
Muhammad bin Ishaq said that Allah's statement, 
ٌ‫!ْء‬X
َ ِ Aْ [” ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ Z
َ َ {
َ ْ َ
(Not for you is the decision;), means, "No part of the decision regarding My servants is yours,
except what I command you.'' Allah then mentions the rest of the consequences of Jihad,
80 

ْ5ِ ْ "ََ# ‫ب‬
َ ُ8َ ْ‫َأو‬
(whether He pardons them) concerning the acts of disbelief that they commit, thus delivering
them from misguidance to the guidance. 
ْ5ُ َ- َC8ُ ‫َأ ْو‬
(or punishes them;) in this life and the Hereafter because of their disbelief and errors, 
َ‫ْ ‘َـِ" ُن‬5ُ fِDَ 
(verily, they are the wrongdoers), and thus, they deserve such a fate.
Al-Bukhari recorded that, Salim bin `Abdullah said that his father said that he heard the
Messenger of Allah saying -- when he raised his head from bowing in the second unit of the
Fajr prayer -- "O Allah! Curse so-and-so,'' after saying; Sami` Allahu Liman Hamidah,
Rabbana wa lakal-Hamd. Thereafter, Allah revealed this Ayah, 
ٌ‫!ْء‬X
َ ِ Aْ [” ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ Z
َ َ {
َ ْ َ
(Not for you is the decision;) This was also recorded by An-Nasa'i. Imam Ahmad recorded
that Salim bin `Abdullah said that his father said that he heard the Messenger of Allah saying,
«.Aَ ‫ ُأ‬
َ ْ ‫ن‬
َ ‫^َْا‬
َ ْCَ ْ ‫  ا‬5ُ " ‫ ا‬،‫ ْ ٍو‬#
َ 
َ ْ ;َ ْ 5َ @
ُ ْCَ ْ ‫ ا‬5ُ " ‫ ا‬،ٍ‫ث َْ ِه`َم‬
َ ِ‫َر‬J ْ ‫ ا‬
ِ Cَ ْ ‫  ا‬5ُ " ‫ ا‬،ًَ"ُD ْCَ ْ ‫  ا‬5ُ " ‫»ا‬
(O Allah! Curse so-and-so. O Allah! Curse Al-Harith bin Hisham. O Allah! Curse Suhayl bin
`Amr. O Allah! Curse Safwan bin Umayyah.)
Thereafter, this Ayah was revealed; 
َ‫ْ ‘َـِ" ُن‬5ُ  fَِD ْ5ُ َ - Cَ ُ8 ْ‫ ْ َأو‬5ِ ْ"َ#
َ ‫ب‬
َ ُ8َ ْ‫!ْ ٌء َأو‬X
َ ِ Aْ [” ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ َZ َ {
َ ْ َ
(Not for you is the decision; whether He turns in mercy to (pardon) them or punishes them;
verily, they are the wrongdoers) 3:128.
All these persons were pardoned (after they embraced Islam later on).
Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that when Allah's Messenger would supplicate
against or for someone, he would do so when he was finished bowing and saying; Sami` Allahu
Liman Hamidah, Rabbana wa lakal-Hamd. He would then say, (the Qunut)
!"َ# Z
َ َ ?َْm‫ُدْ َو‬X
ْ ‫  ا‬5ُ " ‫ ا‬،َِ%Aِ Eْ ُ ْ ‫َ ا‬Aِ 
َ ِCَ a
ْ َ

ْ ُ ْ ‫ وَا‬،َ.Cَ ِ‫ َأِ) َر‬
َ ْ َ‫ش‬#
َ ‫ هِ`َمٍ َو‬
َ ْ .َ َ "َ@
َ ‫ َو‬،ِِ َ ْ ‫Œ ا ْ َ ِ َ َْ ا‬
ِ ْ‫  َأ‬5ُ " ‫»ا‬
«]ُ@ُ8 )ِ%

ِ ‫ َآ‬
َ ِ%@
ِ ْ5ِ ْ"َ#
َ َ5"ْ َCْG‫ وَا‬،ََaAُ
(O Allah! Save Al-Walid bin Al-Walid, Salamah bin Hisham, `Ayyash bin Abi Rabi`ah and the
weak and the helpless people among the faithful believers. O Allah! Be hard on the tribe of
Mudar and let them suffer from years of famine like that of the time of Yusuf. )
He would say this supplication aloud. He sometimes would supplicate during the Dawn
prayer, "O Allah! Curse so-and-so (persons),'' mentioning some Arab tribes. Thereafter, Allah
81

revealed, 
ٌ‫!ْء‬X
َ ِ Aْ [” ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ Z
َ َ {
َ ْ َ
(Not for you is the decision.)
Al-Bukhari recorded that Hamid and Thabit said that, Anas bin Malik said that the Prophet
was injured during the battle of Uhud and said,
«‫ْ؟‬5ُ Bِ َ ‫‚ا‬6X
َ ٌ‫َْم‬0 K
ُ "ِْ8ُ ]
َ ْ ‫» َآ‬
(How can a people achieve success after having injured their Prophet)
Thereafter, 
ٌ‫!ْء‬X
َ ِ Aْ [” ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ Z
َ َ {
َ ْ َ
(Not for you is the decision,) was revealed.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas said that, the Prophet's front tooth was broken during the
battle of Uhud and he also sustained injuries on his forehead until blood dripped on his face.
The Prophet said,
«‫;؟‬G
َ ‫ َو‬2#
َ ْ5ِ  ‫ُ ُهْ إِ ! َر‬#ْ8َ َ ‫ َو ُه‬،ْ5ِ Bِ %َ ِ ‫َا‬-‫"ُا ه‬Cَ Dَ ٌ‫ْم‬0َ K
ُ "ِْ8ُ ]
َ ْ ‫» َآ‬
(How can a people achieve success after having done this to their Prophet who is calling them
to their Lord, the Exalted and Most Honored) Allah revealed, 
َ‫ْ ‘َـِ" ُن‬5ُ  fَِD ْ5ُ َ - Cَ ُ8 ْ‫ ْ َأو‬5ِ ْ"َ#
َ ‫ب‬
َ ُ8َ ْ‫!ْ ٌء َأو‬X
َ ِ Aْ [” ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ َZ َ {
َ ْ َ
(Not for you is the decision; whether He turns in mercy to (pardons) them or punishes them;
verily, they are the wrongdoers.) Muslim also collected this Hadith.
Allah then said, 
ِ‫ِ! ا ”[رْض‬D َA‫ت َو‬
ِ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫ِ! ا‬D َA Lِ " َ‫و‬
(And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the Earth.) 3:129, everything
is indeed the property of Allah and all are servants in His Hand. 
ُ‫`َ€ء‬8َ َA ‫ب‬
ُ - َC8ُ ‫`َ€ ُء َو‬8َ َ ِ ُِ /ْ 8َ 
(He forgives whom He wills, and punishes whom He wills.) for His is the decision and none
can resist His decision. Allah is never asked about what He does, while they will be asked, 
ٌِ=‫ُرٌ ر‬r
َ Lُ " ‫وَا‬
(and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)
Allah prohibits His believing servants from dealing in Riba and from requiring interest on
82

their capital, just as they used to do during the time of Jahiliyyah. For instance, when the time
to pay a loan comes, the creditor would say to the debtor, "Either pay now, or the loan will
incur interest.'' If the debtor asks for deferment of the loan, the creditor would require
interest and this would occur year after year until the little capital becomes multiplied many
times. Allah also commands His servants to have Taqwa of Him so that they may achieve
success in this life and the Hereafter. Allah also threatens them with the Fire and warns them
against it, saying, 
‫ن‬
َ ُ =
َ ُْ ْVُ "Cَ َ ‫ وَا @ُ َل‬Lَ " ‫ُاْ ا‬Cِm‫ َوَأ‬- 
َ 8ِِ‫َـ‬V"ْ ِ ‫ت‬
ْ #
ِ ‫رَ ا ِ! ُأ‬% ‫وَا ُاْ ا‬
(And fear the Fire, which is prepared for the disbelievers. And obey Allah and the Messenger
that you may obtain mercy.) 3:131,132.
Allah encourages His servants to perform righteous deeds and to rush to accomplish the acts
of obedience. Allah said, 

َ ِ ُ "ْ ِ ْ‫ ت‬#
ِ ‫ض ُأ‬
ُ ْ‫ت وَا ”[ر‬
ُ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫َ ا‬5d
ُ ْ#
َ .ٍ % G
َ ‫ْ َو‬Vُ  ‫ ر‬A ٍ‫ِ َة‬/ْ Aَ !َ ‫ُاْ ِإ‬#ِ‫ َو@َر‬
(And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as
wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for the Muttaqin (the pious)) 3:133.
Just as the Fire was prepared for the disbelievers. It was reported that the meaning of Allah's
statement, 
ُ‫ت وَا ”[رْض‬
ُ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫َ ا‬5d
ُ ْ#
َ
(as wide as the heavens and the earth) draws the attention to the spaciousness of Paradise. For
instance, Allah said in another Ayah, while describing the couches of Paradise, 
ٍ‫ َق‬Bْ َ @
ْ ‫ْ ِإ‬Aِ َ5%ُ ِ<€َhَ 
(lined with silk brocade) 55:54, so what about their outer covering It was also said that
Paradise is as wide as its length, because it is a dome under the Throne. The width and length
of a dome or a circle are the same in distance. This is supported by what is found in the Sahih;
«َ =
ْ  ‫ش ا‬
ُ ْ#
َ َ5ُْ @
َ ‫ َو‬،ِ.% َ6 ْ ‫َرُ ا‬5ْ ‫ ُ َأ‬6َ َ Lُ %ْ Aِ ‫ َو‬،ِ.% 6
َ ْ ‫ ا‬
ُ@
َ ْ‫ َوأَو‬،ِ.‫ـ‬%َ6 ْ ‫ْ"َ! ا‬#‫ َأ‬Lُ  fَِD ،َ‫ ا ْ ِْ َدوْس‬eُ ُ ?َ@
ْ َD .َ ‫ـ‬%6
َ ْ ‫ ا‬W
َ ‫@َ? ْ ُ ُ ا‬
َ ‫»ِإذَا‬
(When you ask Allah for Paradise, ask Him for Al-Firdaws which is the highest and best part
of Paradise. From it originate the rivers of Paradise, and above it is the Throne of the Most
Beneficent (Allah).)
This Ayah 3:133 above is similar to Allah's statement in Surat Al-Hadid, 
ِ‫
َ€ ِء وَا ”[رْض‬
 ‫ض ا‬
ِ َْC‫َ َآ‬5d
ُ ْ#
َ .ٍ % َG‫ْ َو‬Vُ  ‫ ر‬A ‫ِ َ ٍة‬/ْ Aَ !َ ‫@َُِاْ ِإ‬
(Race with one another in hastening towards forgiveness from your Lord (Allah), and
Paradise the width whereof is as the width of the heaven and the Earth) 57:21.
Al-Bazzar recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that a man came to the Messenger of Allah and
asked him, about Allah's statement,
83 

ُ‫ت وَا ”[رْض‬
ُ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫َ ا‬5d
ُ ْ#
َ .ٍ % G
َ ‫ َو‬
(Paradise as wide as the heavens and the Earth) 3:133; "Where is the Fire then'' The
Prophet said,
«‫َرُ؟‬5% ‫ ا‬
َ ْ8?َDَ ،ٍ‫)ْء‬X
َ ; ‫{ ُآ‬
َ Bِ َ َ‫َء‬G ‫ ا "ْ َ; ِإذَا‬R
َ ْ8‫»َأ َرَأ‬
(When the night comes, it overtakes everything, so where is the day) The man said, "Where
Allah wants it to be.'' The Prophet said,
«;َG‫ َو‬2 #
َ W
ُ ‫َ َء ا‬X o
ُ ْ َ= ُ‫ُن‬Vَ ُ‫ر‬% ‫ ا‬Z
َ ِ-َ‫» َوآ‬
(Similarly, the Fire is where Allah wants it to be.) This Hadith has two possible meanings.
First, when we do not see the night during the day, this does not mean that the day is not
somewhere else, even though we cannot see it. Such is the case with Hell-fire, for it is where
Allah wants it to be. The second meaning is that when the day overcomes this part of the
world, the night overtakes the other part. Such is the case with Paradise, for it is in the utmost
heights above the heavens and under the Throne. The width of Paradise is, as Allah stated, 
ِ‫
َ€ءِ وَا[” ْرض‬
 ‫َ ْضِ ا‬C‫ َآ‬
(whereof is as the width of the heaven and the Earth) 57:21.
The Fire, on the other hand, is in the lowest of lows. Therefore, Paradise being as wide as the
heavens and Earth does not contradict the fact that the Fire exists wherever Allah wills it to
be.
Allah said, while describing the people of Paradise, 
ِ‫ء‬na ‫ ِء وَا‬n

 ‫ِ! ا‬D ‫ن‬
َ ُِ %ُ8 َ8ِ- ‫ا‬
(Those who spend (in Allah's cause) in prosperity and in adversity) 3:134, in hard times and
easy times, while active (or enthusiastic) and otherwise, healthy or ill, and in all conditions,
just as Allah said in another Ayah, 
ً.َ ِ T
َ َ#‫@Šا َو‬
ِ ِ‫َر‬5% ‫ْ ِ ْ ِ; وَا‬5ُ ََAْ ‫ن َأ‬
َ ُِ %ُ8 َ8ِ- ‫ا‬
(Those who spend their wealth (in Allah's cause) by night and day, in secret and in public) 
2:274 These believers are never distracted from obeying Allah, spending on what pleases
Him, being kind to His servants and their relatives, and other acts of righteousness. Allah said, 
ِ‫س‬% ‫ِ ا‬#
َ َِ‫َـ‬C ْ ‫َ وَا‬vْ َ/ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ِ Y
ِ ‫َـ‬V ْ ‫وَا‬
(who repress anger, and who pardon men;) 3:134 for when they are angry, they control their
anger and do act upon it. Rather, they even forgive those who hurt them. Imam Ahmad
recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said,
«(َa/َ ْ ‫َ ا‬%ْ #
ِ Lُ

َ َْ Z
ُ "ِ ْ 8َ ‫ِي‬- ‫َ ا‬8ِ`
 ‫ ا‬
 Vِ َ‫ و‬،ِ.#
َ َ ‚ ِ ُ8ِ`
 ‫{ ا‬
َ ْ َ »
(The strong person is not he who is able to physically overcome people. The strong person is
84

he who overcomes his rage when he is angry.)
This Hadith is also recorded in the Two Sahihs. Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said
that the Messenger of Allah said,
.‫ْ َ ٍة‬5

َ ِ ٌ;5ْ @
َ ‫ ِر‬% ‫ َ َ; ا‬#
َ ‫ً َأ َ ِإن‬Qَ"َQ ‫ْنٌ ِ َ ْ َ ٍة‬2=
َ .ِ ‫ـ‬%6
َ ْ ‫ َ َ; ا‬#
َ ‫ن‬
 ‫ أَ َ ِإ‬،َ%5َ G
َ K
ِ ْ Dَ ْAِ ُW‫ُ ا‬eَ0‫ َو‬،ُL َ Iَ d
َ ‫ 
ًا َأوْ َو‬
ِ Cْ Aُ َ Y
َ ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ »
«ًَ 8ِ‫ إ‬Lُ Dَ َْG ?َ"َAَ  ‫ ِإ‬W
ِ ٌBْ َ# َ5 َ َY‫َ َآ‬A ،ٌBْ َ# َ5 ُ Y
ِ Vْ 8َ ٍvْ r
َ .ِ #
َ ْG
َ ْAِ W
ِ ‫( ِإ َ! ا‬
‚ =
َ ‫ َأ‬.ٍ #
َ َْG ْAِ َA‫ َو‬،ََ ِ ْ ‫) ا‬
َ ِ0‫ْ ُو‬Aَ ُ ِC

 ‫وَا‬
(He who gives time to a debtor or forgives him, then Allah will save him from the heat of
Jahannam (Hell-fire). Behold! The deeds of Paradise are difficult to reach, for they are on top
of a hill, while the deeds of the Fire are easy to find in the lowlands. The happy person is he
who is saved from the tests. Verily, there is no dose of anything better to Allah than a dose of
rage that the servant controls, and whenever the servant of Allah controls it, he will be
internally filled with faith.)
This Hadith was recorded by Imam Ahmad, its chain of narration is good, it does not contain
any disparraged narrators, and the meaning is good.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Sahl bin Mu`adh bin Anas said that his father said that the
Messenger of Allah said,
«‫َء‬X ‫ُ ِر‬J ْ ‫ي ا‬ 
‫ْ َأ‬Aِ eُ َ g
َ ُ8 !=
َ c
ِ <ِ َ"َg ْ ‫س ا‬
ِ ‫َ"! ُرؤُو‬# W
ُ ‫ُ ا‬eَ#‫ُ َد‬e-َ ِ%ْ ُ8 ْ‫َ"! َأن‬# ٌ‫َ ِدر‬0 َ ‫ً َو ُه‬Yْ r
َ َ َY‫ْ َآ‬Aَ »
(Whoever controlled rage while able to act upon it, then Allah will call him while all creation
is a witness, until He gives him the choice of any of the Huris (fair females with wide, lovely
eyes - as mates for the pious) he wishes.)
Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith, which At-Tirmidhi said was
"Hasan Gharib''.
Ibn Marduwyah recorded that Ibn `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«W‫ ا‬Lِ G
ْ ‫َ َء َو‬/ِ ْ ‫َ ا‬5 َ Y
َ ‫ٍ َآ‬vْ r
َ .ِ #
َ ْG
َ ْAِ ‫ًا‬G
ْ ‫ َ; َأ‬a
َ ْD‫ َأ‬.ٍ #
َ َْG ْAِ ٌBْ َ# ‫ع‬
َ  َ6َ َA»
(There is not a dose of anything that the servant takes which is better than a dose of control of
rage that he feels, when he does it seeking Allah's Face.) Ibn Jarir and Ibn Majah also
collected this Hadith.
Allah said, 
َvْ /َ ْ ‫ َِ ا‬Y
ِ ‫َـ‬V ْ ‫وَا‬
(who repress anger) meaning, they do not satisfy their rage upon people. Rather, they refrain
from harming them and await their rewards with Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored. Allah
then said, 
ِ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ َِ‫َـ‬C ْ ‫وَا‬
(and who pardon men;) They forgive those who treat them with injustice. Therefore, they do
not hold any ill feelings about anyone in their hearts, and this is the most excellent conduct in
85

this regard. This is why Allah said, 
َِ%

ِ ْJ ُ ْ ‫( ا‬
‚ ِJ8ُ Lُ " ‫وَا‬
(verily, Allah loves the Muhsinin (the good-doers)).
This good conduct is a type of Ihsan excellence in the religion. There is a Hadith that reads,
«W‫ ا‬Lُ Cَ َD‫ِ َر‬W Iَ d
َ ‫ْ ََا‬Aَ ‫ َو‬،‫Šا‬2#
ِ  ‫ْ ٍ ِإ‬Cَ ِ ‫ًا‬Bْ #
َ W
ُ ‫َ زَا َد ا‬A‫ َو‬،ٍ.0َ َ ^
َ ْAِ ٌ‫َل‬A ‡
َ َ َ َA :
 5ِ ْ َ"#
َ ُ

ِ 0ْ ‫"َثٌ ُأ‬Qَ »
(I swear regarding three matters: no charity shall ever decrease the wealth; whenever one
forgives people, then Allah will magnify his honor; and he who is humble for Allah, then Allah
will raise his rank.)
Allah said, 
ْ5ِ ِ ُ-ُ ِ ْ‫َُوا‬/ْ َ @
ْ َD Lَ " ‫ْ َذ َآُواْ ا‬5ُ

َ ُْ ‫ َأوْ ‘ََ" ُاْ َأ‬.ً `
َ ِJ‫َـ‬D ‫"ُ ْا‬Cَ Dَ ‫ ِإذَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫وَا‬
(And those who, when they have committed Fahishah or wronged themselves with evil,
remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins) 3:135.
Therefore, if they commit an error they follow it with repentance and ask forgiveness. Imam
Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said,
،ِLِ ُ-O
ُ ?ْ 8َ ‫( َو‬
َ ْ - ‫ِ ُ ا‬/ْ 8َ Šَ‫ ر‬Lُ َ ‫ن‬
 ‫ِ"َ َأ‬Cَ Dَ ًBْ َ‫ ِ; ذ‬#
َ ‫ِي‬Bْ #
َ :; َG‫ َو‬2 َ# W
ُ ‫َ َل ا‬Dَ ،ُeِْ ْrَD ًBْ‫ َذ‬R
ُ Bْ َ ْ‫ب ِإ) أَذ‬ 
‫ َر‬:‫َ َل‬Dَ ًBْ ‫( َذ‬
َ َ ْ‫"ً َأذ‬G
ُ َ‫ن ر‬
 ‫»ِإ‬
-ُO?ْ َ8‫( َو‬
َ ْ - ‫ ُِ ا‬/ْ 8َ Š‫ ر‬Lُ َ ‫ن‬
 ‫ِي َأ‬Bْ َ# َ "ِ#
َ :! َCَ ‫َ َركَ َو‬Bَ ‫َ َل‬Dَ ،ُeِْ r
ْ َD ًBْ ‫ َذ‬R
ُ "ْ ِ #
َ )‫ب ِإ‬ 
َ‫ ر‬:‫َل‬Dَ َ O
َ n ًBْ ‫ ِ َ; َذ‬#
َ  Qُ ،‫ِي‬Bْ َC ِ ‫ت‬
ُ َْ r
َ ْ0َ
(ْ- ‫ ُِ ا‬/ْ 8َ Š‫ ر‬Lُ َ ‫ِي َأن‬Bْ #
َ َ "َِ# :; G
َ َ‫ و‬2 #
َ W
ُ ‫َ َل ا‬Dَ ،)ِ eُ ِْr
ْ َD ًBْ َ‫ ذ‬R
ُ "ْ ِ #
َ )‫ب ِإ‬ 
‫ َر‬:‫َل‬Dَ َO
َ n ًBْ َ‫ ِ َ; ذ‬#
َ  Qُ ،‫ِي‬Bْ Cَ ِ ‫ت‬
ُ َْ r
َ َْ0،ِLِ 
ِ/ْ 8َ Š‫ ر‬Lُ َ ‫ن‬
 ‫ِي َأ‬Bْ #
َ َ "ِ#
َ :; G
َ ‫ َو‬2#
َ W
ُ ‫َ َل ا‬Dَ ،)ِ ُeِْ ْrَD ًBْ َ‫ ذ‬R
ُ "ْ ِ #
َ )‫ب ِإ‬ 
‫ َر‬:‫َل‬Dَ َ O
َ n ًBْ َ‫ ِ َ; ذ‬#
َ  Qُ ،‫ِي‬Bْ َC ِ ‫ت‬
ُ َْ r
َ ْ0َ ،ِLِ -ُ ُO?ْ َ8‫َو‬
«‫َء‬X َA ;ْ َ Cْ َ ْ"َD ‫ِي‬Bْ Cَ ِ ‫ت‬
ُ َْ َr َْ0 )‫ُ ُآْ َأ‬5ِ X
ْ ‫ ُأ‬،ِLِ ُ-ُO?ْ 8َ ‫( َو‬
َ ْ - ‫ا‬
(A man once committed an error and said, `O Lord! I committed an error, so forgive me.'
Allah said, `My servant committed an error and knew that he has a Lord Who forgives or
punishes for the error. I have forgiven My servant.' The man committed another error and
said, `O Lord! I committed an error, so forgive me.' Allah said, `My servant knew that he has
a Lord Who forgives or punishes for the sin. I have forgiven My servant.' The man committed
another error and said, `O Lord! I committed an error, so forgive me.' Allah said, `My servant
knew that he has a Lord Who forgives or punishes for the error. I have forgiven my servant.'
He then committed another error and said, `O Lord! I committed an error, so forgive me.'
Allah said, `My servant knew that he has a Lord Who forgives or punishes for the error. Bear
witness that I have forgiven My servant, so let him do whatever he likes.') A similar narration
was collected in the Sahih.
`Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Anas bin Malik said, "I was told that when the Ayah, 
ْ5ِ ِ ُ-ُ ِ ْ‫َُوا‬/ْ َ @
ْ َD Lَ " ‫ْ َذ َآُواْ ا‬5ُ

َ ُْ ‫ َأوْ ‘ََ" ُاْ َأ‬.ً `
َ ِJ‫َـ‬D ‫"ُ ْا‬Cَ Dَ ‫ ِإذَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫وَا‬
(And those who, when they have committed Fahishah or wronged themselves with evil,
remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins,) was revealed, Iblis (Shayatan) cried.''
Allah's statement,

86 

ُL" ‫ب ِإ [ ا‬
َ ُ‚- ‫ِ ُ ا‬/ْ 8َ َA‫ َو‬
(and none can forgive sins but Allah), means that none except Allah forgives sins. tAllah said, 
َ‫َْ" ُن‬C8َ ْ‫َ"ُاْ َو ُه‬CDَ َA !َ"َ# ْ‫ِ‚وا‬8ُ ْ ََ‫و‬
(And do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know), for they repent from
their error, return to Allah before death, do not insist on error, and if they err again, they
repent from it. Allah said here, 
َ‫َ" ُن‬Cْ 8َ ْ‫ َو ُه‬
(while they know) Mujahid and `Abdullah bin `Ubayd bin `Umayr commented, "Whoever
repents, then Allah will forgive him.'' Similarly, Allah said, 
ِe‫َ ِد‬Bِ# ْ#
َ .َ َ ْ ‫َ ُ; ا‬Bْ 8َ َ ‫ ُه‬Lَ " ‫َ" ُاْ َأن ا‬Cْ 8َ ْ َ‫َأ‬
(Know they not that Allah accepts repentance from His servants) 9:104, and, 
ً ِ=‫ُرًا ر‬r
َ Lَ " ‫ِِ ا‬68َ Lَ " ‫ِِ ا‬/ْ َ

ْ 8َ  Qُ Lُ

َ ْ َ ْ"ِY
ْ 8َ ْ‫ َ ;ْ @ُءًا َأو‬Cْ 8َ َA‫ َو‬
(And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks Allah's forgiveness, he will
find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) 4: 110 and there are several examples similar to
this Ayah.
Next, Allah said after this description, 
ْ5ِ  ‫ ر‬A ٌ‫ِ َة‬/ْ A ْ‫ ُؤ ُه‬nَ2َG Z
َ ِ ‫ُأوْ َـ‬
(For such, the reward is forgiveness from their Lord) 3:136, as a reward for these qualities, 
ُ‫َـ‬5ْ [” ‫َ ا‬5ِJ
ْ َ ِA ‫ِْى‬6َ ٌR‫ـ‬%G
َ ‫ْ َو‬5ِ  ‫ ر‬A ٌ‫ْ ِ َة‬/A 
(forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath (Paradise))
carrying all kinds of drinks, 
€َ5ِD 
َ 8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O
(wherein they shall abide forever) and ever, 
َِ" ِ ‫َـ‬C ْ ‫ُ ا‬G
ْ ‫ َ َأ‬Cْ ِ ‫ َو‬
(How excellent is this reward for the doers) Allah praises Paradise in this part of the Ayah

87

11. QS Al Imran 3:198-200 

ِ‫َ ٌْ  ’َ َْار‬O Lِ " ‫َ ا‬%ِ# َA‫ِ َو‬L" ‫ ِ ا‬%ِ# ْA [ٍ 2ُ ُ َ5ِD َ8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O ُ ‫َـ‬5ْ ”[‫َ ا‬5ِ J
ْ َ ِA ‫ِى‬6
ْ َ ٌR‫ـ‬%G
َ ْ5ُ َ ْ5ُ ‫ ا  َْاْ َر‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ِ ا‬Vِ َ ُ5 َ Z
َ ِ ‫ ُأوْ ـ‬T
ً ِ"َ0 ً%َ Qَ Lِ " ‫ ا‬R
ِ ‫َـ‬8َ‫ن ِـ‬
َ ‫` َُو‬
ْ 8َ [َ Lِ " 
َ ِC`
ِ ‫َـ‬O ْ5ِ ْ َ‫ َل ِإ‬2ِ ُ‫َ€ أ‬A‫ْ َو‬Vُ ْ َ‫ِ َل ِإ‬2ُ‫َ€ أ‬A‫ َو‬Lِ " ِ 
ُ Aِ ْE8ُ َ َ (
ِ ‫َِـ‬V ْ ‫ْ َأ ْه ِ; ا‬Aِ ‫ن‬
 ‫َوِإ‬
‫ُن‬J"ُِْ ْVُ "َC َ Lَ " ‫ُاْ وَاُاْ ا‬hِ ‫ُِواْ وَ^َُِواْ وَرَا‬B^
ْ ‫ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ َ?‫َـ‬8 - ‫ب‬
ِ َ
J
ِ ْ ‫ ا‬Iُ 8ِ@
َ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ْ ِإ‬5ِ  ‫َ َر‬%ِ# ْ‫ ُ ُه‬G
ْ ‫ َأ‬

3:198. Akan tetapi orang-orang yang bertakwa kepada Tuhan-nya bagi mereka surga yang
mengalir sungai-sungai di dalamnya, sedang mereka kekal di dalamnya sebagai tempat
tinggal (anugerah) dari sisi Allah. Dan apa yang di sisi Allah adalah lebih baik bagi orangorang yang berbakti.
3:199. Dan sesungguhnya di antara ahli kitab ada orang yang beriman kepada Allah dan
kepada apa yang diturunkan kepada kamu dan yang diturunkan kepada mereka sedang
mereka berendah hati kepada Allah dan mereka tidak menukarkan ayat-ayat Allah dengan
harga yang sedikit. Mereka memperoleh pahala di sisi Tuhan-nya. Sesungguhnya Allah amat
cepat perhitungan-Nya.
3:200. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, bersabarlah kamu dan kuatkanlah kesabaranmu dan
tetaplah bersiap siaga (di perbatasan negerimu) dan bertakwalah kepada Allah supaya kamu
beruntung.
(198. But, for those who have Taqwa of their Lord, are Gardens under which rivers flow (in
Paradise); therein are they to dwell, an entertainment from Allah; and that which is with
Allah is the best for Al-Abrar (the most righteous).)
(199. And there are, certainly, among the People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), those
who believe in Allah and in that which has been revealed to you, and in that which has been
revealed to them, humbling themselves before Allah. They do not sell the verses of Allah for a
small price, for them is a reward with their Lord. Surely, Allah is swift in account.)
(200. O you who believe! Endure and be more patient, and Rabitu, and have Taqwa of Allah,
so that you may be successful.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
‫ٌْ ِ ْ"?َ َْا ِر‬O
َ Lِ " ‫َ ا‬%ْ #
ِ َA‫ َو‬Lِ " ‫ِ ا‬%ْ ِ# ْAِ ً 2ُ ُ َ5ِD 
َ 8ِ َِO ‫َ ُر‬5ْ?َْ ‫َ ا‬5ِ ْJَ ْAِ ‫ِْي‬6َ ٌ‫ت‬%َG ْ5ُ َ ْ5ُ  َ‫ ا َْا ر‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬
ِ Vِ َ
‫ر‬5M‫ ا‬5J A ‫ي‬6 ‫ت‬%G 5 5‫ اا ر‬8- ‫ ا‬V " eC ‫ل‬0 ‫ر‬% ‫ ا‬5 €A ‫) ا  وذآ أن‬D ‫ر‬V ‫ا  ذآ =ل ا‬-V‫وه‬ 
B#  ;5@ ‫ه‬m ‫ أ‬%Q=    =‫ أ‬%Q= : L8‫دو‬A ‫ل ا‬0‫ ’ار " و‬O W‫ ا‬%# A‫ و‬W‫ ا‬%# A [2 5D 8 O 
‫ و‬#  W‫ ا‬B# # ‫ر‬Q‫رب  د‬JA # )D^ ‫  ا   ا‬W‫ ا‬B# ?B‫! أ‬J8 ?B‫ أ‬C@ ?B‫ ر أ‬#  ‫? ه`م‬B‫ أ‬W‫ا‬
‫ا  ك‬-‫ = آ‬Z"# Z8 ‫ء آ  أن ا‬%M‫ء وا‬x‫ وا ا‬5M ‫ار‬M‫ل " إ  @ ا ا‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ ا‬# ‫ص‬C ‫ا‬
‫ب‬%G   =‫ أ‬%Q= )‫ أ‬%Q= : = )‫ل ا أ‬0‫ و‬#DA ‫ص‬C ‫ و  ا‬#  W‫ ا‬B# # L8‫دو‬A ‫ ا‬e‫ا روا‬-‫ " آ‬c= Z"#
‫ار‬M‫ إ  @ ه ا‬: ‫ل‬0 ‫ و‬#  W‫ ا‬B# # ‫ر‬Q‫رب  د‬JA # )D^ ‫  ا   ا‬W‫ ا‬B# # {8  ! 
# %Q= 
%Q= : = )‫ل ا أ‬0 Q . "#‫ أ‬W‫ وا‬LBX‫ا أ‬-‫ وه‬c= Z"# ‫  ك‬Z -‫ = آ‬Z"# Z8 ‫ء آ  أن ا‬%M‫ء وا‬x‫ وا ا‬5M 
= )‫ل ا أ‬0‫ و‬. ‫ر‬- ‫ذون ا‬E8 [ 8- ‫ار ا‬M‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬0 
J ‫ ا‬# ;G‫ ر‬# )<‫ ه`م ا @ا‬%Q= ‫
"  إاه‬A %Q= )‫أ‬
88

‫أ‪ %Q= a8‬أ=   @‪%‬ن =‪ %Q‬أ ‪CA‬و‪ # .8‬ا‪ # . O # w #M‬ا‪@M‬د ‪0‬ل ‪ B#‬ا‪ )%C8 W‬ا ‪C
A‬د ‪ { A A‬ة‬
‫و[ ‪GD‬ة إ[ ا ت ‪  5 O‬آن ا  ‪0‬ل ا‪ " ! C W‬و‪ %# A‬ا‪’ O W‬ار " وآ‪-‬ا روا‪ B# e‬ا زاق ‪ #‬ا ري ‪#‬‬
‫ا‪ L w #M‬و‪0‬أ " و[ ‪ B
J8‬ا ‪ 8-‬آوا أ   ") ‪ 5 
M O 5‬إ   ") ‪2 5‬دادوا إ‪  Q‬و ‪-# 5‬اب ‪ " 5A‬و‪0‬ل‬
‫ا ‪ )%Q= 8G‬ا ‪ %Q= !%‬إ@‪J‬ق =‪ %Q‬ا أ) ‪ # CG‬ح  ‪  # . aD‬ن ‪ #‬أ) داود أ‪ L‬آن ‪8‬ل ‪A A :‬‬
‫‪ AEA‬إ[ وا ت ‪ L O‬و‪ A A‬آ‪ D‬إ[ وا ت ‪ L O‬و‪fD )%08  A‬ن ا‪8 W‬ل " و‪ %# A‬ا‪’ O W‬ار " و‪8‬ل "‬
‫‪ ".‬و[ ‪ B
J8‬ا ‪ 8-‬آوا أ   ") ‪ 5 
M O 5‬إ   ") ‪2 5‬دادوا إ‪  Q‬و ‪-# 5‬اب ‪5A‬‬
‫‪َ ْ5ُ َ Z‬أ‪ُ ْG‬هُ‬
‫ت ا " ِ‪ ً"ِ"َ0 ً% َ Qَ L‬أُوَ ِ َ‬
‫ن ِ€‪ِ َ8‬‬
‫` َُو َ‬
‫ ِ" ِ‪ْ 8َ َ L‬‬
‫‪َ ِCX‬‬
‫ ِ " ِ‪َ L‬و‪ُ َA‬أْ ِ‪َ 2‬ل ِإَ ْ ُ‪َ ْV‬و‪ُ َA‬أْ ِ‪َ 2‬ل ِإَ ْ ِ‪ِ َO ْ5‬‬
‫ب َ َ ْ ُ‪ُ Aِ ْE8‬‬
‫ن ِ‪ ْA‬أَ ْه ِ; ا ْ ِ‪ِ َV‬‬
‫َوِإ ‬
‫@ِ‪ Iُ 8‬ا ْ ‪َ
ِJ‬ب‬
‫ن ا " َ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ َ %ْ #‬ر ِ‪ِ ْ5‬إ ‬
‫ِ‬
‫‪ A .<m # ! C Bg8‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب أ‪%AE8 5‬ن ‪ c= W‬ا‪ 8U‬ن و‪%AE8‬ن   أ‪2‬ل ‪ A IA  JA !"#‬ه ‪%AEA‬ن ‪A L‬‬
‫ا ‪ (V‬ا ‪ .A‬أ‪CXO 5‬ن ‪ W‬أي ‪ChA‬ن ‪CdO L‬ن ‪" -A‬ن  ‪`8 [ L88‬ون €‪8‬ت ا‪ T"0 % Q W‬أي [ ‪ V8‬ن ‪A‬‬
‫?‪ A 588‬ا ‪`B‬رة  ‪ !"^  J‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" وذآ ^‪ L‬و‪ LC‬و‪ LCBA‬و^‪ .‬أ‪ LA‬وه‪[E‬ء ه ‪O‬ة أه; ا ‪V‬ب و^‪5‬‬
‫@اء آا هدا أو رى ‪ .‬و‪0 0‬ل ‪@ )D ! C‬رة ا ‡ " ا ‪%n 8-‬ه ا ‪V‬ب ‪ L"B0 A‬ه ‪%AE8 L‬ن وإذا ‪5"# !"8‬‬
‫‪ 0‬ا ‪ L %An‬إ‪ L‬ا ‪ A cJ‬ر‪ %‬إ آ‪  "
A L"B0 A %‬أو ‪E8 Z‬ن أ‪G‬ه ‪B^   A‬وا " ا‪ . .8x‬و‪0 0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬ا ‪8-‬‬
‫‪%n‬ه ا ‪V‬ب ‪T c= L"8‬و‪ L‬أو ‪%AE8 Z‬ن ‪ " L‬ا‪ . .8x‬و‪0 0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬و‪0 A‬م ‪ !@A‬أ‪58 .A‬ون  ‪ cJ‬و‪ C8 L‬ن "‬
‫و‪0‬ل ‪ 
" ! C‬ا @اء ‪ A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب أ‪"8 . <0 .A‬ن ‪8n‬ت ا‪n W‬ء ا "; وه ‪6
8‬ون " و‪0‬ل ‪%An ;0 " ! C‬ا ‪ L‬أو [‬
‫‪%AE‬ا إن ا ‪ 8-‬أوا ا ‪ L"B0 A "C‬إذا ‪g8 5"# !"8‬ون ’ذ‪0‬ن @‪6‬ا و‪ 8‬ن @‪JB‬ن ر‪ %‬إن آن و‪ #‬ر‪[C %‬‬
‫و‪g8‬ون ’ذ‪0‬ن ‪VB8‬ن و‪828‬ه ‪ " #`O‬وه‪ e-‬ا ت ‪ )D G‬ا ‪5‬د و ‪ T"0 V‬آ  و‪ B# )D G‬ا‪T@  W‬م وأ‪ A L A‬‬
‫‪ A An‬أ=‪B‬ر ا ‪5‬د و  ‪/"B8‬ا ‪`#‬ة أ{ وأ‪ A‬ا ‪%‬رى ‪58 5%A‬ون و‪%8‬دون "‪ cJ‬آ  ‪0‬ل ‪6 " ! C‬ن أ‪ X‬ا ‪%‬س‬
‫‪#‬اوة "‪%An 8-‬ا ا ‪5‬د وا ‪ 8-‬أ‪X‬آا و ‪6‬ن أ‪A 50‬دة "‪%An 8-‬ا ا ‪ 0 8-‬ا إ رى " إ ! ‪5Q?D " ! C L 0‬‬
‫ا‪ 0   W‬ا ‪%G‬ت ‪6‬ي ‪ 5J A‬ا‪5M‬ر ‪ " 5D 8 O‬ا‪ . .8x‬وه‪-V‬ا ‪0‬ل ه‪ " %5‬أو ‪ 5 Z‬أ‪G‬ه ‪ %#‬ر‪ " 5‬ا‪ ..8x‬و‪0‬‬
‫‪ )D RBQ‬ا ‪ o8J‬أن ‪  CG‬أ) ‪ ( m‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪0  L%# W‬أ @رة آ‪aJ ‡C5‬ة ا ‪ Z"A )X6%‬ا ‪ .`BJ‬و‪ e%#‬ا ‪hB‬رآ‪.‬‬
‫وا  
و@‪ !V .‬و‪V‬ا ‪ != LCA‬أ‪BaO‬ا ‪J‬ه‪ .‬و‪ )D RBQ‬ا ‪ JJ‬أن ا ‪A  )X6%‬ت ‪ eC‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" إ !‬
‫أ^‪ LJ‬و‪0‬ل " إن أ‪A 0 .`BJ  V O‬ت ‪"D‬ا ‪gD " L"#‬ج إ ! ا ‪J‬اء ‪ 5D‬و^"! ‪ .L"#‬وروى ا أ) =‬
‫وا ‪ vDJ‬أ ‪A  V‬دو‪ = o8= A L8‬د  @" ‪ # RQ # .‬أ{  ‪0 Z A‬ل ‪ )D  :‬ا ‪0 )X6%‬ل ر@ل ا‪!"^ W‬‬
‫ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ا@‪/‬وا ‪D " VOM‬ل ‪ ‰C‬ا ‪%‬س ‪ A?8‬أن  
‪A Œ"C /‬ت ?رض ا ‪ " R 2%D .`BJ‬وإن ‪ A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب‬
‫  ‪ W AE8‬و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ V‬و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ " W CXO 5‬ا‪ . .8x‬وروا‪  =  B# e‬وا أ! = ‪ c8m A‬أ‪O‬ى ‪#‬‬
‫= د  @" ‪ # RQ # .‬ا ‪ # 
J‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ Q‬روا‪ e‬ا ‪A‬دو‪m A L8‬ق ‪ #  = #‬أ{  ‪Z A‬‬
‫‪ A J‬م‪ .‬وروا‪ e‬أ‪ a8‬ا ‪ o8= A 8G‬أ) ‪ V‬ا ‪0 # ) -5‬دة ‪  C@ #‬ا 
( ‪0 G #‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" = ‪A‬ت ا ‪ " )X6%‬إن أ‪O‬آ أ^‪A 0 . J‬ت " ‪gD‬ج ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ !"D‬آ  ‪)"8‬‬
‫‪ !"#‬ا ‪ BVD 2<%6‬أر‪D . C‬ل ا ‪D%‬ن ‪A Œ"# !"# )"8‬ت ?رض ا ‪2?D .`BJ‬ل ا‪ " W‬وإن ‪ A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب  ‪" W AE8‬‬
‫ا‪ . .8x‬و‪0‬ل أ داود =‪ #   JA %Q‬و ا ازي =‪  . "@ %Q‬ا ‪   JA # ;a‬إ@‪  828 )%Q= cJ‬رو‪A‬ن ‪# #‬وة‬
‫‪ .`<# #‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪A  : R 0 5%# W‬ت ا ‪ )X6%‬آ‪J %‬ث أ‪28 [ L‬ال ‪8‬ى ‪ eB0 !"#‬ر ‪ .‬و‪ 0‬روى ا ‪ vDJ‬أ ‪ B#‬ا‪W‬‬
‫ا ‪J‬آ ‪
A )D‬رآ‪ L‬أ‪ ?B‬أ ا ‪BC‬س ا 
ري  و =‪ B# %Q‬ا‪ )"#  W‬ا ‪2/‬ال =‪  )"# %Q‬ا ‪ %Q= cX  
J‬ا‬
‫ا ‪B‬رك =‪ B#  A# # RQ  (CA %Q‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪ # 2‬أ‪0 L‬ل ‪2 :‬ل  ‪# )X6%‬و ‪ A‬أر‪6D 5d‬ء‪ e‬ا ‪G5‬ون‬
‫‪ D‬ا ‪ :‬إ ‪ (J‬أن ‪g‬ج ; ‪ ZCA‬وى ‪G‬أ‪ %‬و‪D % RC%^   Z826‬ل ‪ :‬اء ‪ %‬ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ A O ;G‬دواء ‪%‬ة‬
‫ا ‪%‬س ‪ .‬و‪ " R 2 LD‬وإن ‪ A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب  ‪ W AE8‬و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ V‬و‪ A‬أ‪2‬ل إ ‪ " W CXO 5‬ا‪0 Q . .8x‬ل ه‪-‬ا =‪o8‬‬
‫^‪ KJ‬ا‪%@U‬د و  ‪ . eGg8‬و‪0‬ل ا أ) ‪6A # K6‬ه " وإن ‪ A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب " ‪ . "
A )%C8‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب و‪0‬ل ‪B#‬د ‬
‫‪%A‬ر @? ‪ R‬ا ‪ 
J‬ا ‪B‬ي ‪0 #‬ل ا‪ " W‬وإن ‪ A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب  ‪ " W AE8‬ا‪0 . .8x‬ل ه أه; ا ‪V‬ب ا ‪ 8-‬آا ‪;B0‬‬
‫‪ !"^  JA‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ eCBD‬و‪D#‬ا ا‪T@U‬م ‪h#?D‬ه ا‪ ! C W‬أ‪ G‬ا‪-" %Q‬ي آا ‪ A L"#‬ا‪ 8U‬ن ‪ !"^  JA ;B0‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"#‬و@" وا‪ JA 5#B‬ا ^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" روا‪ e‬ا أ) = و‪ )D RBQ 0‬ا ‪ # JJ‬أ) ‪0 !@A‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪E8 .QTQ‬ن أ‪G‬ه ‪-D A‬آ ‪ " 5%A‬ر‪ A TG‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب ‪ LB% An‬و‪ " ) An‬و‪[ " ! C L 0‬‬
‫‪`8‬ون €‪8‬ت ا‪ " T"0 % Q W‬أي [ ‪ V8‬ن ‪ A 588? A‬ا ‪ "C‬آ  ‪ L"CD‬ا ‪ .<h‬ا ذو ‪ -B8 ; 5%A .‬ن ذ ‪ 6A Z‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل‬
‫‪ " ! C‬أو ‪ 5 Z‬أ‪G‬ه ‪ %#‬ر‪ 5‬إن ا‪ I8@ W‬ا ‪
J‬ب " ‪0‬ل ‪6A‬ه @‪ I8‬ا ‪
J‬ب ‪ I8@ )%C8‬ا‪=U‬ء ‪ .‬روا‪ e‬ا أ)‬
‫‪ =.‬و‪er‬‬
‫^ ِ‪ُB‬وا وَ^َُِوا وَرَا ِ‪ُh‬ا وَاُا ا " َ‪ْVُ "Cَ َ L‬‬
‫‪َ َ8‬أ ‚‪ َ58‬ا ‪ُ%Aَ n َ8ِ-‬ا ا ْ‬
‫‪ 8 " ! C L 0‬أ‪ 58‬ا ‪%An 8-‬ا ا^‪B‬وا و^وا ورا‪h‬ا " ‪0‬ل ا ‪ 
J‬ا ‪B‬ي أ‪A‬وا أن ‪B8‬وا ‪ !"#‬د‪ 5%8‬ا ‪-‬ي ار‪ea‬‬
‫‪89‬‬

‫ا‪ 5 W‬وه ا‪T@U‬م ‪
e#8 TD‬اء و[ ‪a‬اء و[ `ة و[ ‪O‬ء =! ‪ 8‬ا ‪  "
A‬وأن ‪8‬وا ا‪#M‬اء ا ‪ V8 8-‬ن‬
‫د‪ 5%8‬وآ‪0 Z -‬ل ‪ r‬وا= ‪ "# A‬ء ا
"] وأ‪ A‬ا ا‪ )5D .h‬ا او‪VA )D .A‬ن ا ‪BC‬دة وا ‪B‬ت و‪ ;0‬ا‪Y‬ر ا ‪T‬ة ‪C‬‬
‫ا ‪T‬ة ‪ L 0‬ا ‪B#‬س و@‪ ]%=  ;5‬و‪   JA‬آ‪ (C‬ا ‘) و‪r‬ه وروى ا أ) = ه‪ %5‬ا ‪ o8J‬ا ‪-‬ي روا‪"
A e‬‬
‫وا ‪  Z A o8= A )<
%‬أ{ ‪ #‬ا ‪TC‬ء  ‪ B#‬ا =  ‪C8 #‬ب ‪ ! A‬ا ‪ # .0J‬أ‪ # L‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ر‪ )d‬ا‪L%# W‬‬
‫‪ #‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل ‪ " :‬أ[ أ‪BO‬آ   ‪ J 8‬ا‪ L W‬ا ‪ 8hg‬و‪ L ID8‬ا ر‪G‬ت إ@‪B‬غ ا ‪d‬ء ‪ !"#‬ا ‪V‬ر‪e‬‬
‫وآة ا ‪ !hg‬إ ! ا 
‪ G‬وا‪Y‬ر ا ‪T‬ة ‪ C‬ا ‪T‬ة ‪ V -D‬ا ط ‪ V -D‬ا ط ‪ V -D‬ا ط " ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪A‬دو‪ JA %Q= L8‬‬
‫ أ=  =‪  !@A %Q‬إ@‪J‬ق =‪ %Q‬أ ‪ 828  )"# .JG‬ا ‪ )DV‬أ‪ ?B‬ا أ) آ‪ # 828   JA # . 8‬أ) @" ‪.‬‬
‫ ‪ B#‬ا =  ‪0‬ل أ‪ )"# ;B0‬أ ه‪8‬ة ‪D A8‬ل أري ‪ 8‬ا أ‪ R 2 D )O‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ 8 " .8x‬أ‪ 58‬ا ‪%An 8-‬ا ا^‪B‬وا و^وا‬
‫ورا‪h‬ا " ‪0 . [ R"0‬ل أ‪ A‬إ‪ )D V8  L‬ز‪A‬ن ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪2r‬و ‪8‬ا‪h‬ن ‪ LD‬و ‪0 )D R 2 5%V‬م ‪ C8‬ون‬
‫ا 
‪ G‬و‪"8‬ن ا ‪T‬ة ‪A )D‬ا‪-8 Q 50‬آون ا‪ 5"CD 5D W‬أ‪ " R 2‬ا^‪B‬وا " أي ‪ !"#‬ا "ات ا ‪ " { g‬و^وا "‬
‫أ
‪ V‬وهاآ " ورا‪h‬ا " ‪G
A )D‬آ " واا ا‪J" V"C " V"#  D " W‬ن " ‪ .‬وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬ا ‪J‬آ ‪
A )D‬رآ‪A L‬‬
‫‪%A  C@ c8m‬ر ‪ # RQ  (CA #‬داود  ^ ‪ # K‬أ) @" ‪ # .‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ‪ eJ%‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪ )%Q= 8G‬أ‬
‫ا 
<( =‪ )%Q‬ا ‪ B# # ;aD‬ا‪ C@  W‬ا ‪B‬ي ‪ )"# # ;B=X # eG #‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪!"^ W‬‬
‫ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " أ[ أد ‪ V8 A !"# V‬ا ‪-‬ب وا ‪ 8hg‬؟ إ@‪B‬غ ا ‪d‬ء ‪ !"#‬ا ‪V‬ر‪ e‬وا‪Y‬ر ا ‪T‬ة ‪ C‬ا ‪T‬ة ‪ V -D‬ا ط‬
‫" و‪0‬ل ا ‪ 8G‬أ‪ ;5@  !@A )%Q= a8‬ا ‪  !J8 %Q= )"A‬وا‪  !J8 )%Q= G5A   JA %Q= Kd‬ز‪# 8‬‬
‫ز‪  8‬أ) أ
‪ B#  G # ;B=X # .‬ا‪0 W‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " أ[ أد ‪ J 8 A !"# V‬ا‪L W‬‬
‫ا ‪ 8hg‬و‪ L V8‬ا ‪-‬ب ؟ ‪ 8 !" %"0‬ر@ل ا‪0 W‬ل " إ@‪B‬غ ا ‪d‬ء ‪ )D‬أ‪A‬آ‪ 5%‬وآة ا ‪ !hg‬إ ! ا 
‪ G‬وا‪Y‬ر ا ‪T‬ة‬
‫‪ C‬ا ‪T‬ة ‪ V -D‬ا ط " ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪A‬دو‪ )"#   JA %Q= L8‬أ‪ B#   JA ?B‬ا‪T@  W‬م ا ‪ )QB‬أ‪  JA ?B‬‬
‫‪ ( r‬ا‪hM‬آ) أ‪ # ?B‬ن  ‪ B#‬ا =  أ‪ ?B‬ا ازع  ‪ # ID‬أ) @" ‪ B#  .‬ا =  ‪ #‬أ) أ‪8‬ب ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬و‪%"# D‬‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D‬ل " ه; ‪ V‬إ ! ‪ J 8 A‬ا‪ L W‬ا ‪-‬ب و‪ L YC8‬ا‪ GM‬؟ ‪ 8 C %"0‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬و‪ A‬ه ؟ ‪0‬ل‬
‫" إ@‪B‬غ ا ‪d‬ء ‪ !"#‬ا ‪V‬ر‪ e‬وآة ا ‪ !hg‬إ ! ا 
‪ G‬وا‪Y‬ر ا ‪T‬ة ‪ C‬ا ‪T‬ة " ‪0‬ل " وه ‪0‬ل ا‪ 8 " W‬أ‪ 58‬ا ‪8-‬‬
‫‪%An‬ا ا^‪B‬وا و^وا ورا‪h‬ا واا ا‪J" V"C W‬ن " ‪ Z -D‬ه ا ط ‪ )D‬ا 
‪ " G‬وه‪-‬ا =‪ A (8r o8‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪LG‬‬
‫‪G‬ا ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ‪ B#‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪B‬رك ‪ B#  RQ  (CA #‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪ )%Q= 2‬داود  ^ ‪0 K‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ) أ @" ‪B#  .‬‬
‫ا =  ‪ 8‬ا أ‪ )O‬ه; ري ‪ )D‬أي ‪)X‬ء ‪ R 2‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ " .8x‬ا^‪B‬وا و^وا ورا‪h‬ا " ‪0‬ل ‪0 [ R"0‬ل ‪ :‬إ‪ 8 V8  L‬ا‬
‫أ‪ )D )O‬ز‪A‬ن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪2r‬و ‪8‬ا ‪ LD‬و ‪ L%V‬ا‪Y‬ر ا ‪T‬ة ‪ C‬ا ‪T‬ة روا‪ e‬ا ‪ 8G‬و‪ 0‬م @ق‬
‫ا ‪A‬دو‪ L L8‬إ‪ A L‬آ‪T‬م أ) ه‪8‬ة ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L%# W‬وا‪ W‬أ‪ "#‬و‪ ;0‬ا اد  ا‪ .h‬ه‪A %5‬ا‪ .h‬ا ‪2/‬و ‪ J )D‬ا ‪C‬و و=‪v‬‬
‫‪/Q‬ر ا‪T@U‬م و^‪ # 5‬د‪O‬ل ا‪#M‬اء إ ! =زة ‪T‬د ا
"  و‪ 0‬وردت ا‪BOM‬ر  ‪ )D (r‬ذ ‪ Z‬وذآ آة ا اب ‪LD‬‬
‫‪D‬وى ا ‪gB‬ري ‪ C@  ;5@ # LJJ^ )D‬ا 
‪#‬ي أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل " رط ‪8‬م ‪ ;B@ )D‬ا‪O W‬‬
‫‪ A‬ا  و‪ " On o8= " . " 5"# A‬روى ‪ "@ # "
A‬ن ا ر@) ‪ #‬ر@ ‪ L‬ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أ‪0 L‬ل " رط‬
‫‪8‬م و "‪^ A O .‬م ‪ 5X‬و‪ LA0‬وإن ‪A‬ت ‪G‬ى ‪ L" # L"#‬ا ‪-‬ي آن ‪ L" C8‬وأ‪G‬ي ‪ L"#‬رز‪ L0‬وأ‪ A‬ا ن " " =‪On o8‬‬
‫" ‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ %Q= :‬إ@‪  cJ‬إاه =‪ %Q‬ا ا ‪B‬رك ‪= #‬ة  ‪ K8X‬أ‪ )BO‬أ ه˜ ا ‪ )[g‬أن ‪ #‬و ‬
‫‪ Z A‬ا ‪ )%J‬أ‪ eBO‬أ‪8 B#  . aD I @ L‬ل ‪ RC @ :‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و‪ L n‬و@" ‪8‬ل " آ; ‪L" # !"# g8 RA‬‬
‫إ[ ا ‪-‬ي ‪A‬ت ‪A‬ا‪ ;B@ )D h‬ا‪ L" # L  %8 LfD W‬إ ! ‪8‬م ا ‪ .A‬و‪ .%D A?8‬ا ‪ . " B‬وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬أ داود وا ‪-A‬ي ‪A‬‬
‫=‪ o8‬أ) ه˜ ا ‪ )[g‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪-A‬ي = 
^‪ KJ‬وأ‪ LGO‬ا =‪B‬ن ‪ LJJ^ )D‬أ‪0 " On o8= " . a8‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ= ‬
‫=‪  !J8 %Q‬إ@‪ !@A  
= %Q= cJ‬وأ @‪ C‬و‪ B#‬ا‪ 828  W‬آ"‪ B# # 5‬ا‪`A %Q= .C5  W‬ح  ه‪#‬ن‬
‫@ ‪8 A#  .B# RC‬ل ‪ RC @ :‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل " آ; ‪ L" # !"# L g8 RA‬إ[ ا ا ‪;B@ )D‬‬
‫ا‪68 W‬ي ‪ oCB8 != L" # L"#‬و‪ A?8‬ا ن " ‪ .‬روا‪ e‬ا ‪J‬رث  ‪   JA‬أ) ا ‪ # e%
A )D .A5‬ا ي وه ‪ B#‬ا‪ W‬‬
‫ز‪ 8‬إ ! ‪ " oCB8 != " L 0‬دون ذآ " ا ن" وا ‪ .C5‬إذا ^ح  ‪ 
= 5D o8J‬و[ @  ‪ A IA‬م ‪ A‬ا `اه ‪.‬‬
‫" =‪0 " On o8‬ل ا ‪ B#  {8 %Q= L%%@ )D LGA‬ا‪ B# %Q= !"#M‬ا‪  W‬وه( أ‪ )BO‬ا "‪ # o‬زهة  ‪# BCA‬‬
‫أ‪ # L‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ‪ #‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل " ‪A A‬ت ‪A‬ا‪ ;B@ )D h‬ا‪ W‬أ‪G‬ي ‪ L" # L"#‬ا  ‪ K‬ا ‪-‬ي آن‬
‫‪ L" C8‬وأ‪G‬ي ‪ L"#‬رز‪ L0‬وأ‪ A A‬ا ن و‪ LC‬ا‪8 W‬م ا ‪ A %An .A‬ا ‪2‬ع ا‪M‬آ‪ c8m " " B‬أ‪O‬ى " ‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪%Q‬‬
‫‪ !@A‬أ‪ ?B‬ا ‪  !@A # .C5‬وردان ‪ #‬أ! ه‪8‬ة ‪ #‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل " ‪A A‬ت ‪A‬ا‪ h‬و‪)0‬‬
‫‪ .%D‬ا ‪ B‬وأ‪ A A‬ا ‪2‬ع ا‪M‬آ‪ B‬و‪r‬ا ‪ L"#‬ر‪ K8‬ز‪ A L0‬ا ‪ .%6‬وآ( ‪ L‬أ‪ G‬ا ا إ ! ‪8‬م ا ‪0 " On o8= " " .A‬ل‬
‫ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪ %Q‬إ@‪ cJ‬ا ‪ %Q= ! 
#‬إ@ ‪#  ;#‬ش ‪ #   JA #‬و  ="‪ ."J‬ا ‪ # )"8‬أ@‪ B#  cJ‬ا‪# W‬‬
‫أم ا رداء ‪ ID‬ا ‪ A " R 0 o8J‬را ‪)X )D‬ء ‪@ A‬ا=; ا
"  ‪ .QTQ‬أ‪8‬م أ‪2G‬أت ‪ L%#‬رط @‪0 " On o8= " " .%‬ل‬
‫ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪ %Q= CG   JA %Q‬آ‪ B#  RQ  (CA %Q= { 5‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪0 2‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ‪ #‬ن وه ‪!"# (hg8‬‬
‫‪ : eB%A‬إ! ‪ A LC @ 8= VQJA‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@"  ‪ )%C% 8 V8‬أن أ=‪ L VQ‬إ[ ا ‪ RC @ V Y‬ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل " =س "‪ ;B@ )D .‬ا‪ W‬أ‪ A ;aD‬أ ] "‪8 .‬م "‪ 5‬و‪8‬م ‪5‬ره " ‪ .‬وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬أ=  ‪#‬‬
‫روح ‪ #‬آ‪ # # RQ  (CA # { 5‬ن و‪ 0‬روا‪ e‬ا ‪ # LGA‬ه`م  ‪ #‬ر ‪ B# #‬ا =   ز‪  8‬أ@" ‪#‬‬
‫أ‪ B# # RQ  (CA # L‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪0 2‬ل ‪ # (hO :‬ن ا ‪%‬س ‪D‬ل ‪ :‬أ‪ 58‬ا ‪%‬س إ) @ ‪ A RC‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪90‬‬

‫‪ L"#‬و@" =‪ )%C% 8  8‬أن أ=‪ L VQ‬إ[ ا ‪ V Y‬و‪gA g"D VJ‬ر ‪ L 
%‬أو ع @ ‪ RC‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪8‬ل " ‪ A‬را "‪ ;B@ )D .‬ا‪ W‬آ‪ R‬آ? ] "‪ 5A0 .‬و^‪ c8m " " 5A‬أ‪O‬ى " ‪ # #‬ن ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل‬
‫ا ‪-A‬ي =‪ %Q‬ا ‪ )"#  
J‬ا ‪Tg‬ل =‪ %Q‬ه`م  ‪ B#‬ا "‪ %Q= Z‬ا "‪ %Q= C@  o‬أ ‪ ;#‬زهة  ‪ # BCA‬أ)‬
‫^ ‪ # ! A K‬ن  ‪#‬ن ‪0‬ل ‪ # RC @ :‬ن وه ‪ !"#‬ا ‪8 B%‬ل ‪ :‬إ) آ ‪ A LC @ 8= V‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" آاه‪ Q )%# V0 .‬ا ) أن أ=‪g e VQ‬ر ا‪A‬ؤ ‪ A L 
%‬ا ‪ RC @ L‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل "‬
‫رط ‪8‬م ‪ ;B@ )D‬ا‪ A O W‬أ ] ‪8‬م ‪@  D‬ا‪ A e‬ا ‪%‬زل " ‪0 Q‬ل ا ‪-A‬ي ‪ :‬ه‪-‬ا =‪ A (8r 
= o8‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪0 LG‬ل‬
‫‪ )%C8  JA‬ا ‪gB‬ري أ ^ ‪ # ! A K‬ن ا@ ‪ L‬آن وذآ ‪ r‬ا ‪-A‬ي أن ا@ ‪ L‬ا ‪J‬رث وا‪ W‬أ‪ "#‬وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬ا‪AU‬م أ= ‬
‫‪ o8= A‬ا "‪ C@  o‬و‪ B#‬ا‪ .C5  W‬و‪ e%#‬ز‪8‬دة ‪D eOn )D‬ل ‪ # )%C8‬ن " ‪"D‬ا ا‪A‬ؤ آ] ‪X‬ء " ه; "‪ R/‬؟‬
‫‪ 0‬ا ‪0 C‬ل ا "‪ 5‬ا‪0 " On o8= " 5X‬ل أ ‪ ! 
#‬ا ‪-A‬ي =‪ %Q‬ا أ) ‪@ %Q=  #‬ن =‪   JA %Q‬ا ‪V%‬ر ‪0‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪ "@ A‬ن ا ر@) `=‪  ;B‬ا
 وه ‪A )D‬ا‪ L .h‬و‪ L"# cX 0‬و‪ !"#‬أ^‪D LJ‬ل ‪ :‬أ[ أ=‪ 8 ZQ‬ا ا
 ‪o8J‬‬
‫@ ‪ A LC‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ؟ ‪0‬ل "! ‪0‬ل @ ‪ RC‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل " رط ‪8‬م ‪ ;B@ )D‬ا‪W‬‬
‫أ‪ - ;aD‬أو ‪0‬ل ‪^ A - O‬م ‪ 5X‬و‪ LA0‬و‪A A‬ت ‪ LD‬و‪ .%D )0‬ا ‪ B‬و ) ‪ L" # L‬إ ! ‪8‬م ا ‪ . " .A‬د ‪ L‬ا ‪-A‬ي‬
‫‪ A‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ LG‬و‪0‬ل ه‪-‬ا =‪ 
= o8‬و‪ ‰C )D‬ا ‪ —
%‬ز‪8‬دة و { إ@‪%‬د‪ : ;  e‬وا ا ‪V%‬ر  ‪8‬رك @" ن " ‪" R"0‬‬
‫ا ‪Y‬ه أن ‪   JA‬ا ‪V%‬ر @ ‪  ;B=X A LC‬ا
 و‪ 0‬روا‪ "
A e‬وا ‪JVA o8= A )<
%‬ل وأ) ‪B#‬ة  ‪.B#‬‬
‫آ‪T‬ه  ‪  ;B=X #‬ا
 و ‪ "@ # .BJ^ L‬ن ا ر@) ‪ #‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أ‪0 L‬ل " رط ‪8‬م و "‪.‬‬
‫‪^ A O‬م ‪ 5X‬و‪ LA0‬وإن ‪A‬ت ‪G‬ى ‪ L"#‬ا ‪-‬ي آن ‪ L" C8‬وأ‪G‬ي ‪ L"#‬رز‪ L0‬وأ‪ A‬ا ن " ‪ .‬و‪ 0‬م @ق ‪"
A‬‬
‫ د‪0 " On o8= " e‬ل ا ‪   JA %Q= : LGA‬إ@ ‪ @  ;#‬ة =‪ !"C8   JA %Q‬ا
" ) =‪ # %Q‬و  ^‪KB‬‬
‫‪ B# #‬ا =   ‪ #‬و ‪JVA #‬ل ‪ #‬أ)  آ‪0 (C‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " =س "‪ .‬وراء ‪#‬رة‬
‫ا
"  ‪ 5X r A B 
JA‬ر‪aA‬ن أ‪ Y#‬أ‪G‬ا ‪B# A‬دة ‪ 5A^ .%@ .<A‬و‪ 5A0‬ورط ‪8‬م ‪ ;B@ )D‬ا‪ A W‬وراء‬
‫‪#‬رة ا
"  ‪ 5X r A B 
JA‬ر‪aA‬ن أ‪ %# ;aD‬ا‪ W‬وأ‪ Y#‬أ‪G‬ا ‪ -‬أرا‪0 e‬ل ‪B# A : -‬دة أ ] @‪ 5A^ .%‬و‪5A0‬‬
‫‪fD‬ن رد‪ e‬ا‪ ! C W‬إ ! أه"‪ . @ L"# (V8   @ L‬أ ] @‪ .%‬و‪ L (V‬ا ‪%
J‬ت و‪68‬ي ‪ L"#‬أ‪ G‬ا ط إ ! ‪8‬م ا ‪. " .A‬‬
‫ه‪-‬ا =‪ A (8r o8‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ V%A ; LG‬و‪0 " On o8= " 5A KB^   #‬ل ا ‪ {8  ! 
# %Q= : LGA‬ا ‪)"A‬‬
‫=‪X  (CX   JA %Q‬ر ‪   O  C@ #‬أ) ‪ RC @ ;8m‬أ{  ‪8 Z A‬ل @ ‪ RC‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪8‬ل " =س "‪ ;B@ )D .‬ا‪^ A O W‬م ر‪ ;G‬و‪ )D LA0‬أه"‪ L‬أ ] @‪ .%‬ا
‪8 .< "Q .%‬م وا م آ? ] @‪. " .%‬‬
‫وه‪-‬ا =‪ (8r o8‬أ‪ a8‬و@‪  O  C‬ه‪-‬ا ‪ LCd‬أ زر‪ .#‬و‪ r‬وا= ‪ A‬ا‪ . . <M‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪ . L8= !"# I8 [ : )"C‬و‪0‬ل‬
‫ا =‪B‬ن ‪68 [ :‬ز ا[=‪6‬ج ‪ . L‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪J‬آ ‪ :‬روى ‪ #‬أ{ أ=د‪0 " On o8= " . .#dA o8‬ل ا ‪ JA %Q= : LGA‬‬
‫ ا ‪B‬ح أ‪ B# ?B‬ا ‪   JA  K ^ #  JA  282C‬زا<ة ‪ B#   # #‬ا ‪ A#  .B# # 282C‬ا ‪0 )%56‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ر= ا‪= W‬رس ا ‪J‬س " ‪ LD‬ا‪h‬ع  ‪ B#   #‬ا ‪ 282C‬و‪ LfD A#  .B#‬‬
‫‪8‬رآ‪ L‬وا‪ W‬أ‪0 " On o8= " ."#‬ل أ داود ‪ %Q= :‬أ ‪CA %Q= .‬و‪ )%C8 .8‬ا @‪T‬م =‪ )%Q‬ا
" ) أ‪ ;5@ LQ= L‬ا‬
‫ا ‪ ."Y%J‬أ‪@ 5‬روا ‪ IA‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬م =‪ != %‬آ‪aJD .`# R‬ت ا ‪T‬ة ‪ IA‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"#‬و@" ‪6D‬ء ر‪D ;G‬رس ‪D‬ل ‪ 8 :‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬إ) ا‪  R"h‬أ‪ ;BG RC"m != V88‬آ‪-‬ا وآ‪-‬ا ‪fD‬ذا أ ‪5‬ازن ‪V !"#‬ة‬
‫أ‪ 5%CY 5‬و‪ 5 C‬و‪X‬ه‪ 
BD 5‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" و‪0‬ل " "‪ . %r Z‬ا
"  ‪r‬ا إن ‪X‬ء ا‪0 Q " W‬ل " ‪A‬‬
‫‪ %@J8‬ا ""‪0 " .‬ل أ{  أ) ‪ : QA‬أ ‪ 8‬ر@ل ا‪0 W‬ل " ‪D‬رآ( " ‪D‬آ( ‪6D L @D‬ء إ ! ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪D‬ل ‪ L‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ا@‪ ;B‬ه‪-‬ا ا `‪V != (C‬ن ‪ )D‬أ‪ eT#‬و[ ‪/‬ن ‪ Z"B0 A‬ا ""‪  "D " .‬أ^‪%JB‬‬
‫‪O‬ج ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" إ ! ‪D eTA‬آ‪ I‬رآ‪D C‬ل " ه; أ= 

‪D‬ر@‪D " V‬ل ر‪ 8 : ;G‬ر@ل ا‪A W‬‬
‫أ=

‪D e%‬ب  ‪T‬ة ‪ ;C6D‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" وه ‪ R"8 )"8‬إ ! ا `‪ != (C‬إذا ‪0 LT^ !a0‬ل " أ`وا ‪D‬‬
‫‪G‬ءآ ‪D‬ر@‪TO )D Y% %"C6D " V‬ل ا `‪ )D 6‬ا `‪fD (C‬ذا ه ‪G 0‬ء =! و‪ !"# ]0‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D‬ل ‪ :‬إ)‬
‫ا‪ != R"h‬آ‪ )D R%‬أ‪ !"#‬ه‪-‬ا ا `‪ o= (C‬أ‪  "D )%A‬أ^‪ RC"m %JB‬ا `‪ BC‬آ"‪Y%D  5‬ت ‪ "D‬أر أ=ا ‪D‬ل ‪ L‬ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ه; ‪ R 2‬ا ""‪ .‬؟ " ‪0‬ل ‪ [ :‬إ[ ‪ "A‬أو ‪D .G= )d0‬ل ‪ " L‬أو‪ Z"# TD RBG‬أن [ ‪C ; C‬ه "‬
‫وروا‪ e‬ا ‪   JA  !J8   JA # )<
%‬آ ا ‪J‬ا) ‪ #‬أ) ‪ .‬وه ا ‪0 " On o8= " . L ID  I‬ل ا‪AU‬م‬
‫أ=  ‪ %Q= :‬ز‪  8‬ا ‪BJ‬ب =‪ B# %Q‬ا =   ‪  X   JA RC @ K8X‬ا ‪8 )%#‬ل ‪ RC @ :‬أ ‪ A#‬ا ‪0 . )%6B‬ل‬
‫ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ :‬و‪0‬ل ‪ er‬زا<ا أ ‪ )"#‬ا ‪8 )%J‬ل ‪ RC @ :‬أ ر‪8 .J8‬ل آ‪ IA %‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪2r )D‬وة‬
‫‪ %?D‬ذات "‪ .‬إ ! ‪X‬ف ‪ %^?D L"# %BD‬د ‪ != 8X‬رأ‪ )D J8 A R8‬ا‪M‬رض ‪ 5D ;O8‬و‪ L"# )"8‬ا ‪)%C8 .J6‬‬
‫ا س ‪  "D‬رأى ذ ‪ Z‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ A‬ا ‪%‬س دى " ‪ %@J8 A‬ه‪ e-‬ا ""‪?D .‬د‪# L #‬ء ‪V8‬ن ‪LD L‬‬
‫‪ " ;aD‬؟ ‪D‬ل ر‪ A ;G‬ا‪M‬ر ‪ :‬أ ‪ 8‬ر@ل ا‪0 W‬ل ‪ " :‬ادن " ‪D L%A D‬ل " ‪ A‬أ‪ R‬؟ " ‪ L ! 
D‬ا‪M‬ري ‪ KD‬ر@ل‬
‫ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@"  ‪#‬ء ‪?D‬آ ‪0 L%A‬ل أ ر‪ A RC @  "D : .J8‬د‪ R"0 L #‬أ ر‪D On ;G‬ل " ادن " ‪D‬ت ‪D‬ل‬
‫" ‪ A‬أ‪ R‬؟ " ‪0‬ل ‪ R"D :‬أ ر‪# #D .J8‬ء دون ‪ A‬د‪’ L #‬ري ‪0 Q‬ل ‪ RA= " :‬ا ‪%‬ر ‪ # !"#‬د‪ - RCA‬أو ‪- RV‬‬
‫‪ .`O A‬ا‪ W‬و=‪ RA‬ا ‪%‬ر ‪5@ # !"#‬ت ‪ ;B@ )D‬ا‪ . " W‬وروى ا ‪ RA= " L%A )<
%‬ا ‪%‬ر " إ ! ‪ . # # eOn‬‬
‫ا ‪ # ;a‬ز‪  8‬ا ‪BJ‬ب ‪ L‬و‪ #‬ا ‪J‬رث  ‪ # V
A‬ا وه( ‪ B# #‬ا =   ‪ L K8X‬وأ و‪0‬ل ‪ )D‬ا وا‪: 8‬‬
‫‪ #‬أ) ‪ )"#‬ا ‪0 " On o8= " .)%6B‬ل ا ‪-A‬ي ‪ )"#   %Q= :‬ا ‪ #  ` %Q= ) a56‬ر و=‪ (CX %Q‬‬
‫‪91‬‬

‫ل‬8 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬RC @ : ‫ل‬0 ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# ‫ء  أ) رح‬h# # )@‫ا‬g ‫ء ا‬h# # .BX ‫ أ‬c8‫زر‬ 
A [‫ إ‬LDC [ (8r 
= : ‫ل‬0 Q . " W‫; ا‬B@ )D ‫س‬J R #‫ و‬W‫ ا‬.`O A RV # ‫ر‬% ‫  ا‬5 
[ ‫ن‬%# "
‫ل‬0 " On o8= " . .% ‫  وا‬J ‫ ا‬W‫ و‬A 0‫ " و‬R"0 " .J8‫ ن وأ) ر‬# # ‫ب‬B ‫) ا‬D‫ و‬: ‫ل‬0 c8‫(  زر‬CX o8=
W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬# {‫ذ  أ‬CA L‫ أ‬# ‫ذ‬CA  ;5@ # ‫د‬8‫ ز‬# 8X‫ ر‬%Q= ‫ن‬Tr  !J8 %Q= :  =‫م أ‬AU‫ا‬
‫ وإن‬: ‫ل‬8 W‫ن ا‬fD  
‫ ا‬."J [‫ إ‬L%C ‫ر‬% ‫ ا‬8  ‫ن‬h"@ ‫ة‬G? [ #hA  "
‫ وراء ا‬A ‫ =س‬A " ‫ل‬0 "@‫ و‬L"#
W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 ‫ة‬8‫ أ) ه‬# LJJ^ )D ‫ري‬gB ‫ " روى ا‬On o8= " . W‫ ا‬L =‫ أ=  ر‬L ‫ د‬. " ‫ إ[ وارده‬V%A
ZX ‫{ وإذا‬V‫{ وا‬C g@ C8  ‫) وإن‬d‫) ر‬h#‫ إن أ‬. g ‫ ا‬B#‫ ا ره و‬B#‫ر و‬%8 ‫ ا‬B# {C " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫^"! ا‬
)D ‫ وإن آن‬.@‫ا‬J ‫) ا‬D ‫ آن‬.@‫ا‬J ‫) ا‬D ‫ إن آن‬eA0 ‫ة‬B/A L@‫ رأ‬oCX‫ أ‬W‫; ا‬B@ )D L@D ‫ن‬%C -On BC !m w‫ ا‬TD
‫ا ا م‬-5 ."C ‫ ا‬o8‫=د‬M‫ ا‬A e‫اد‬8‫  
إ‬A On ‫ا‬-5D " I`8  IX ‫ وإن‬L ‫ذن‬E8  ‫ إن ا@?ذن‬.0
‫) ا‬D ‫ آن‬.0
‫ا‬
)%8 ‫ ا‬W‫ ا‬B#  ‫ف‬hA %Q= !% ‫) ا‬%Q= : 8G ‫ل ا‬0‫ و‬. ‫م‬8M‫ام وا‬#M‫( ا‬0C !"#‫م و‬CU‫; ا‬82G !"#  J ‫ ا‬W‫و‬
L ‫( إ‬VD 5%A ‫ف‬g8 A‫ ا وم و‬A # G L ‫آ‬-8 ‫ب‬hg ‫   ا‬# ! ‫ة إ‬B# ‫ آ( أ‬: ‫ل‬0 "@‫  أ‬8‫  ز‬Z A %Q=
‫ل‬8 ! C W‫ وإن ا‬8
8 
# ("/8  L‫ وإ‬GD ‫ه‬C L W‫; ا‬C68 ‫ة‬X . 2%A A AEA BC ‫ل‬2%8  5A LfD C A‫ أ‬:  #
W‫ ا‬B# . G )D ‫ 
آ‬# ‫ ا‬vDJ ‫ا روى ا‬-V‫ن " وه‬J" V"C W‫ا واا ا‬h‫وا و^وا ورا‬B^‫ا ا‬%An 8- ‫ ا‬58‫ أ‬8 "
L#‫@س وود‬h ‫ت‬M‫ ا‬e-‫رك ه‬B ‫  ا‬W‫ ا‬B# )"# !"A‫ أ‬: ‫ل‬0 .%V@ )‫   إاه ا أ‬JA c8m A ‫رك‬B ‫ ا‬ 
AJ ‫ ا‬# 8 ..<A‫ و‬CB@‫ و‬IB@ .%@ .8‫) روا‬D‫ و‬.<A‫ و‬CB@ .%@ )D ‫ض‬#  ;a ‫) إ ! ا‬CA ‫وج وأ`ه‬g" 
% gD ;m )D L"O (C8 ‫( أو آن‬ag %<A ‫ر‬J%D L#A eO (ag8 ‫ آن‬A (C" ‫دة‬BC ‫) ا‬D Z‫ أ‬R "C %‫أ‬
[ ‫ ^دق‬KJ^ ‫ل‬0 %B ‫ل‬A A ‫( و  أ‬mM‫ر ا‬B/ ‫ وا‬Z%
‫ رهŒ ا‬B# J‫ و‬V BC ‫ ا‬K8‫( ر‬C .JB ‫م ا‬8
R"D ‫ل‬0 ‫ب‬-V8 [ R  5` ‫ { ا‬%% ch%8 W‫ا آب ا‬-‫( ه‬5" ‫ن ر‬O‫ئ ود‬A‫) أ] ا‬D W‫; ا‬O ‫ر‬Br ‫ 
ي‬8 [ ‫ب‬-V8 
A R‫ أ‬: ‫ل‬0 Q )%J‫ ا =  و‬B# ‫ ^ق أ‬: ‫ل‬0‫ و‬e%# RD‫ ذر‬e‫أ‬0  "D ‫ام‬J ‫ ا‬6
‫) ا‬D LV ‫ض‬#  ;a ‫ا‬
: ‫ض‬#  ;a ‫"! ا‬# !"A‫ وأ‬% ‫ ا =  إ‬B# )‫ آب أ‬Z" = ‫ آاء‬o8J ‫ا ا‬-‫آ( ه‬D : ‫ل‬0 C : R"0 ‫ل‬0 ‫ ؟‬o8J ‫( ا‬V8
)D 8‫ه‬6 ‫اب ا‬Q L ‫ أل‬T # )% "# W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : ‫ل‬0 TG‫ أن ر‬: ‫ة‬8‫ أ) ه‬# K ^ )‫ أ‬#  C ‫ر  ا‬%A %Q=
‫ل‬0 Q Z ‫ ذ‬Ih@‫ أن أ‬A ]Cd‫ أ أ‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 ‫ل‬D " ‫ ؟‬h TD ‫  وم‬TD )" ‫ أن‬Ih 
;‫ل " ه‬D W‫; ا‬B@ 
‫ه‬6 ‫ أن ا س ا‬R "# A‫ أو‬W‫; ا‬B@ )D 8‫ه‬6 ‫ ا‬R/" A Z ‫ ذ‬R0m  e ) 
‫ي‬- ‫ا‬D " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ا‬
W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ل ا‬0  ‫ آ‬V ‫رآ وأ=ا‬A‫ أ‬I G )D ‫ " أي‬W‫ ! " واا ا‬C L 0‫ت " ؟ و‬%
J ‫ ا‬Z - L (VD L m )D   

V"C " " 
= c"g ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬c O‫ و‬5J  .%
J ‫ ا‬. 
‫ ا‬IB‫ وأ‬R%‫ =  آ‬W‫ ا‬c‫ إ ! ا   " ا‬LC = ‫ذ‬C "@‫ و‬L"#
L‫( ا ‘) أ‬C‫   آ‬JA # g^ ‫? أ‬B‫? ا وه( أ‬B‫{ أ‬8 )%Q= : 8G ‫ل ا‬0‫ و‬- ‫ة‬Ox‫) ا  وا‬D ‫ن " أي‬J"
‫ا إذا‬r : ‫ل‬8 ‫ن‬J" V"C V%‫) و‬%  D )‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬8 " ‫ن‬J" V"C W‫; " واا ا‬G‫ و‬2# W‫ل ا‬0 )D ‫ل‬8 ‫آن‬ 
An .%
‫ب وا‬V ‫"! ا‬# ‫ ا ت‬L ? 
.% ‫  وا‬J ‫ ا‬W‫ ان و‬# ‫ل‬n ‫!  
@رة‬5‫ ا‬- )  .
After Allah mentioned the condition of the disbelievers in this life and their destination to the
Fire, He said, 
ِL" ‫ِ ا‬%ِ# ْA [ٍ 2ُ ُ َ5ِD 
َ 8ِِ"‫َـ‬O ُ ‫َـ‬5ْ [” ‫َ ا‬5ِ ْJَ ِA ‫ِْى‬6َ ٌR‫ـ‬%G
َ ْ5ُ َ ْ5ُ  ‫َ ا  َْاْ َر‬8ِ- ‫ ا‬
ِ Vِ َ
(But, for those who have Taqwa of their Lord, are Gardens under which rivers flow (in
Paradise); therein are they to dwell, an entertainment from Allah,) 3:198, for certainly, 
ِ‫’ َْار‬
َ  ٌْ O
َ Lِ " ‫ َ ا‬%ِ# َA‫ َو‬
(and that which is with Allah is the best for Al-Abrar.)
Ibn Jarir recorded that Abu Ad-Darda' used to say, "Death is better for every believer. Death
is better for every disbeliever, and those who do not believe me should read Allah's statements, 
ِ‫’ َْار‬
َ  ٌْ O
َ Lِ " ‫ َ ا‬%ِ# َA‫ َو‬
(and that which is with Allah is the best for Al-Abrar), and, 
ٌِ5A‚ ٌ‫َاب‬-َ# ُ 5ْ َ َ‫ َ ً و‬Qْ ‫ْدَادُواْ ِإ‬2َ ِ ْ5ُ َ !ِ"ْ ُ َ  ‫ْ ِإ‬5ِ

ِ ُŠ[ ٌْO
َ ْ5ُ َ !ِ" ْ ُ َ  ‫ َآ َُواْ َأ‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬
 Bَ

َ J
ْ 8َ [َ ‫ َو‬

92

(And let not the disbelievers think that Our postponing of their punishment is good for them.
We postpone the punishment only so that they may increase in sinfulness. And for them is a
disgraceful torment.) 3:178.''

Allah states that some of the People of the Book truly believe in Him and in what was sent
down to Muhammad , along with believing in the previously revealed Books, and they are
obedient to Him and humble themselves before Allah. 
ًTِ"َ0 ً%َ Qَ Lِ " ‫ ا‬R
ِ ‫َـ‬8َ‫ن ِـ‬
َ ‫` َُو‬
ْ َ8 [َ 
(They do not sell the verses of Allah for a small price) 3:199, for they do not hide what they
know of the glad tidings about the description of Muhammad , his Prophethood, and the
description of his Ummah. Indeed, these are the best people among the People of the Book,
whether they were Jews or Christians. Allah said in Surat Al-Qasas, 
ُ‫َه‬G
ْ ‫ن َأ‬
َ ُْEُ ِ5"ِBْ 0َ ِA %‫َ€ إ ُآ‬% ‫ِ ر‬A c
‚ َJ ْ ‫ ا‬Lُ  ‫ ِإ‬Lِ ِ %Aَ ‫َ ُاْ ءَا‬0 ْ5ِ ْ "ََ# !َ"ْ8ُ ‫ُنَ َوِإذَا‬%Aِ Eْ 8ُ Lِ ِ ُ‫ ه‬Lِ "ِBْ َ0 ِA (
َ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫ُ ا‬5ُ ‫َـ‬%َْ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ا‬ 
ْ‫ُوا‬Bَ َ^ َ ِ 
ِ ْ َ  A
(Those to whom We gave the Scripture before it, they believe in it (the Qur'an). And when it is
recited to them, they say: "We believe in it. Verily, it is the truth from our Lord. Indeed even
before it we were Muslims. These will be given their reward twice over, because they are
patient,) 28:52-54. Allah said, 
Lِ ‫ن‬
َ ُ%Aِ ْE8ُ Z
َ ِ ‫ ُأوْ َـ‬Lِ ِ ‫َ َو‬Tِ c
 َ= Lُ َ ُ"ْ 8َ (
َ ‫َِـ‬V ْ ‫ُ ا‬5ُ ‫َـ‬%َْ n 
َ 8ِ- ‫( ا‬Those to whom We gave the Book, recite it (follow
it) as it should be recited (i.e. followed), they are the ones who believe therein.) 2:121, 
‫ِ ُن‬Cْ 8َ Lِ ِ َ‫ و‬c 
J
َ ْ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ُو‬5ْ 8َ ٌ.A ‫ُ@َ! ُأ‬A ‫َْ ِم‬0 ِA‫(  َو‬And of the people of Musa there is a community who
lead with truth and establish justice therewith.) 7:159, 
‫ُون‬6
ُ

ْ 8َ ْ‫ ءَاَ€ َء ا ْ ِ; َو ُه‬Lِ " ‫ ا‬R
ِ ‫َـ‬8‫ن ءَا‬
َ ُ"ْ8َ ٌ. َ <ِ €َ0 ٌ.A ‫( ُأ‬
ِ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫ْ أَ ْه ِ; ا‬A ‫ ًء‬nََ@ ْ‫(  َ ْ
ُا‬Not all of them are alike; a
party of the people of the Scripture stand for the right, they recite the verses of Allah during
the hours of the night, prostrating themselves in prayer.) 3:113, and,
‫َ€ إِن آَن‬% َ‫ن ر‬
َ َJBْ ُ@ ‫ن‬
َ ُ ُ8َ ‫ َو‬- ‫ًا‬6@
ُ ‫ن‬
ِ َ0ْ‫ذ‬T
” ِ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ِ‚و‬g8َ ْ 5ِ ْ"َ#
َ !َ"ْ ُ8 ‫ ِإذَا‬Lِ "ِBْ َ0 ِA َ "ْ Cِ ْ ‫ أُوُاْ ا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ُاْ ِإن ا‬%Aِ ْEُ [َ ْ‫ َأو‬Lِ ِ ْ‫ُا‬%Aِ ‫ُ;ْ ءَا‬0 
ً#ُ`O
ُ ْ‫ُ ُه‬8ِ28َ ‫ُنَ َو‬VBْ َ8 ِ‫َن‬0ْ‫ذ‬T
” ِ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ِ‚و‬g8َ ‫ َو‬- [ً ُCْ َ َ َ% ‫ُ َر‬#
ْ ‫َو‬
(Say: "Believe in it (the Qur'an) or do not believe (in it). Verily, those who were given
knowledge before it, when it is recited to them, fall down on their faces in humble
prostration.'' And they say: "Glory be to our Lord! Truly, the promise of our Lord must be
fulfillled.'' And they fall down on their faces weeping and it increases their humility.) 17:107109.
These qualities exist in some of the Jews, but only a few of them. For instance, less than ten
Jewish rabbis embraced the Islamic faith, such as `Abdullah bin Salam. Many among the
Christians, on the other hand, embraced the Islamic faith. Allah said, 
‫َ ُاْ ِإ ََرَى‬0 
َ 8ِ- ‫ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ-"  ‫ َ د ًة‬A ْ5ُ َ َ0ْ ‫ن َأ‬
 َ6
ِ َ َ‫ َآُاْ َو‬X
ْ ‫َ َأ‬8ِ- ‫ُ َد وَا‬5َ ْ ‫ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ-"  ‫َا َو ًة‬#
َ ‫س‬
ِ % ‫  ا‬X
َ ‫ َن َأ‬6
ِ َ َ

93

(Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers the Jews and those
who commit Shirk, and you will find the nearest in love to the believers those who say: "We
are Christians.'') 5:82, until, 
َ5ِD َ8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O ُ ‫َـ‬5ْ [” ‫َ ا‬5ِ J
ْ َ ِA ‫ِى‬6
ْ َ R
ٍ ‫ـ‬%G
َ ْ‫َ ُا‬0 َ ِ Lُ " ‫ ُ ا‬5ُ َ َQَ?َD (So because of what they said, Allah
rewarded them Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise), they will abide therein
forever) 5:85. In this Ayah,
Allah said, 
ِ5‫ َ َر‬%ِ# ْ‫ُ ُه‬G
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬5ُ َ Z
َ ِ ‫( ُأوْ ـ‬for them is a reward with their Lord) 3:199.
When Ja`far bin Abi Talib recited Surah Maryam chapter 19 to An-Najashi, King of
Ethiopia, in the presence of Christian priests and patriarchs, he and they cried until their
beards became wet from crying. The Two Sahihs record that when An-Najashi died, the
Prophet conveyed the news to his Companions and said,
«Lْ"ََ# ‫"‚ا‬
َ َD ،َ‫َت‬A ْ0َ .ِ `
َ Bَ َJ ْ ِ ْVُ َ ًO‫»ِإن َأ‬
(A brother of yours from Ethiopia has passed, come to offer the funeral prayer.) He went out
with the Companions to the Musalla lined them up in rows, and after that led the prayer.
Ibn Abi Najih narrated that Mujahid said that, 
ِ(‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫ْ َأهْ ِ; ا‬A ‫ َوإِن‬
(And there are, certainly, among the People of the Scripture), refers to those among them who
embraced Islam. `Abbad bin Mansur said that he asked Al-Hasan Al-Basri about Allah's
statement, 
L" ِ 
ُ Aِ ْE8ُ َ َ (
ِ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫ْ َأ ْه ِ; ا‬Aِ ‫(  َوِإن‬And there are, certainly, among the People of the Scripture, those
who believe in Allah).
Al-Hasan said, "They are the People of the Book, before Muhammad was sent, who believed
in Muhammad and recognized Islam. Allah gave them a double reward, for the faith that they
had before Muhammad , and for believing in Muhammad (after he was sent as Prophet).'' Ibn
Abi Hatim recorded both of these statements. The Two Sahihs record that Abu Musa said that
the Messenger of Allah said,
َ َْْE8ُ ٌ.Qَ َ"َQ» (Three persons will acquire a double reward. )
«َْ Aَ ْ‫ْ َ ُه‬G‫ن َأ‬
He mentioned among them,
«)ِ 
َ Aَ nَ‫ و‬Lِ  Bِ %َ ِ 
َ Aَ n ‫ب‬
ِ َVِ ْ ‫ْ َأ ْه ِ; ا‬Aِ ٌ;ُG‫( » َو َر‬A person from among the People of the Book who believed
in his Prophet and in me.)
Allah's statement, 
Tِ"َ0 ً%َ Qَ Lِ " ‫ ا‬R
ِ ‫َـ‬8َ‫ن ِـ‬
َ ‫`َُو‬
ْ 8َ [َ  (They do not sell the verses of Allah for a small price), means, they
do not hide the knowledge that they have, as the cursed ones among them have done. Rather,
94

they share the knowledge without a price, and this is why Allah said, 

َب‬J
ِ ْ ‫ ا‬Iُ 8ِ@
َ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ْ ِإ‬5ِ  ‫َ َر‬%ِ# ْ‫ُ ُه‬G
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬5ُ َ َZِ ‫( ُأوْ ـ‬for them is a reward with their Lord. surely, Allah is
Swift in account.)
Mujahid commented on the verse, 
‫ِ
َب‬J ْ ‫ ا‬Iُ 8ِ@
َ  ((Surely, Allah is) swift in account), "He is swift in reckoning,'' as Ibn Abi Hatim
and others have recorded from him.
Allah said, 
‫ُا‬hِ ‫ُواْ َو^َ ُِواْ َورَا‬Bِ ^
ْ ‫ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8 (O you who believe! Endure and be more patient, and
Rabitu) 3:200.
Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, "The believers are commanded to be patient in the religion that Allah
chose for them, Islam. They are not allowed to abandon it in times of comfort or hardship,
ease or calamity, until they die as Muslims. They are also commanded to endure against their
enemies, those who hid the truth about their religion.'' Similar explanation given by several
other scholars among the Salaf.
As for Murabatah, it is to endure in acts of worship and perseverence. It also means to await
prayer after prayer, as Ibn `Abbas, Sahl bin Hanif and Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi
stated. Ibn Abi Hatim collected a Hadith that was also collected by Muslim and An-Nasa'i
from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said,
‫َر‬Yِ ْ ‫ وَا‬،ِِGَ
َ ْ ‫َ ِإ َ! ا‬hg
ُ ْ ‫ َو َآ ْ َةُ ا‬،ِe‫َ ِر‬V َ ْ ‫"َ! ا‬#
َ ‫ُ ِء‬dُ ‫غ ا‬
ُ Bْ@‫َتِ؟ ِإ‬G‫ ا  َر‬Lِ ِ Iُ َDْ8َ ‫ َو‬،َ8َhg
َ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ِ W
ُ ‫ُ ا‬J ْ 8َ َ ِ ْ‫ ُ ُآ‬Bِ ْO‫»َأ َ ُأ‬
«‫ُ ا َط‬Vُ ِ-َD ،ُ‫ ُ ا َط‬Vُ ِ -َD ،ُ‫ ُ ا َط‬Vُ ِ-َD ،ِ‫"َة‬
 ‫َ ا‬Cْ َ ِ‫ا "َة‬
(Should I tell you about actions with which Allah forgives sins and raises the grade
Performing perfect ablution in unfavorable conditions, the many steps one takes to the
Masajid, and awaiting prayer after the prayer, for this is the Ribat, this is the Ribat, this is the
Ribat.)
They also say that the Murabatah in the above Ayah refers to battles against the enemy, and
manning Muslim outposts to protect them from enemy incursions inside Muslim territory.
There are several Hadiths that encourage Murabatah and mention its rewards. Al-Bukhari
recorded that Sahl bin Sa`d As-Sa`idi said that the Messenger of Allah said,
َ َA‫َ ا ‚ َْ َو‬Aِ ٌْ َO W
ِ ‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ )ِD ‫َْ ٍم‬8 ‫ط‬
ُ َِ‫( »ر‬A Day of Ribat in the cause of Allah is better than this
«َ5ْ َ"#
life and all that is in it.)
Muslim recorded that Salman Al-Farisi said that the Messenger of Allah said, 
ِA‫ َوَأ‬،ُL‫ُــــ‬0ْ‫ ِرز‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ َ‫ْ ِي‬G‫ َوُأ‬،ُL"ُ‫ َـــــــ‬Cْ َ8 ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ِي آ‬- ‫ ا‬Lُ "ُ َ #
َ Lِ ْ "َ#
َ ‫َى‬G
َ ‫ت‬
َ َA ْ‫ َوِإن‬،ِLAِ ِ0‫ْ ٍ َو‬5X
َ ِ‫^َم‬
ِ ْAِ ٌ ْO
َ ٍ."َْ َ‫ْمٍ َو‬8َ ُ‫» ِرَط‬
«‫ا ْ َن‬
(Ribat for a day and a night is better than fasting the days of a month and its Qiyam
(voluntary prayer at night). If one dies in Ribat, his regular righteous deeds that he used to
perform will keep being added to his account, and he will receive his provision, and will be
95

saved from the trials of the grave.)
Imam Ahmad recorded that Fadalah bin `Ubayd said that he heard the Messenger of Allah
saying,
«ْBَ ْ ‫ ا‬.َ %َ ْ ِD 
ُ Aَ ?ْ 8َ َ‫ و‬،ِ.Aَ َِ ْ ‫ْ ِم ا‬8َ ! ِ‫ إ‬Lُ "َُ #
َ Lُ َ )ِ %ْ 8َ Lُ  fِ َD،ِW‫ِ; ا‬B@
َ )ِD ًhِ ‫َا‬Aُ ‫ت‬
َ َA ‫ِي‬- ‫ ِإ  ا‬Lِ "َِ #
َ !"َ# َُ ْg8ُ R
ٍ  Aَ ;‚ ‫( » ُآ‬Every
dead person will have his record of deeds sealed, except for whoever dies while in Ribat in the
cause of Allah, for his work will keep increasing until the Day of Resurrection, and he will be
safe from the trial of the grave.)
This is the same narration collected by Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi, who said, "Hasan
Sahih''. Ibn Hibban also collected this Hadith in his Sahih. fAt-Tirmidhi recorded that Ibn
`Abbas said that he heard the Messenger of Allah saying,
«W‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ )ِD ‫س‬
ُ ُ ْJَ R
ْ ََ ٌْ #
َ ‫ َو‬،ِW‫ ا‬.ِ َ `
ْ َO ْAِ ْRVَ َ ٌْ #
َ :‫ ُر‬% ‫ َ ا‬5ُ

‚ َ َ َ ‫ن‬
ِ َ%ْ#
َ » (Two eyes shall not be touched
by the Fire: an eye that cried for fear from Allah and an eye that spent the night guarding in
Allah's cause.)
Al-Bukhari recorded in his Sahih that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
!َُm ،َwَ َ ْ ‫"َ ا‬Dَ َZِX ‫ َوِإذَا‬،َ{Vَ َ ْ ‫{ وَا‬
َ Cِ َ ،َِg@
َ 
َ Cْ 8ُ َْ ْ‫ َوِإن‬،َ)d
ِ َ‫) ر‬
َh
ِ#
ْ ‫ ِإنْ ُأ‬،ِ.
َ ِ g
َ ْ ‫ُْا‬B#
َ ‫ُْا رْ َه ِ َو‬B#
َ ‫َ ِر َو‬%8 ‫ُا‬Bْ #
َ {
َ Cِ َ »
‫ آَن‬.ِ 0َ 
‫ِ) ا‬D َ‫ َوِإنْ آَن‬،ِ.@
َ ‫َا‬J
ِ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ آ‬.ِ @
َ ‫َِا‬J ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ ِإنْ آ‬،ُeَAَ 0َ ٍ‫ ة‬Bَ /ْ Aُ ،ُL@
ُ ْ‫ َرأ‬o
َ َCX
ْ ‫ َأ‬،ِW‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ )ِD Lِ @
ِ َ َD ‫ن‬
ِ َ%Cِ ِ ٍ-O
ِ n ٍBْ Cَ ِ
«I`
َ 8ُ ْ َ Iَ َ X
َ ْ‫ َوِإن‬،ُL َ ْ‫ْ َذن‬Eُ8 ْ َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫@َ ْ? َذ‬
ْ ‫ ِإنِ ا‬،ِ.0َ 
‫ِ) ا‬D
(Let the servant of the Dinar, the servant of the Dirham and the servant of the Khamisah (of
clothes) perish, as he is pleased if these things are given to him, and if not, he is displeased. Let
such a person perish and be humiliated, and if he is pierced with a thorn, let him not find
anyone to take it out for him. Paradise is for him who holds the reins of his horse, striving in
Allah's cause, with his hair unkempt and feet covered with dust: if he is appointed to the
vanguard, he is perfectly satisfied with his post of guarding, and if he is appointed in the
rearguard, he accepts his post with satisfaction; if he asks for permission he is not permitted,
and if he intercedes, his intercession is not accepted.)
Ibn Jarir recorded that Zayd bin Aslam said, "Abu `Ubaydah wrote to `Umar bin Al-Khattab
and mentioned to him that the Romans were mobilizing their forces. `Umar wrote back,
`Allah will soon turn whatever hardship a believing servant suffers, to ease, and no hardship
shall ever overcome two types of ease. Allah says in His Book, 
‫ُن‬J"ُِْ ْVُ "Cَ َ Lَ " ‫ُاْ وَا ُاْ ا‬hِ ‫ُواْ َو^َُِواْ َورَا‬Bِ ^
ْ ‫ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8  (O you who believe! Endure and be
more patient, and Rabitu, and have Taqwa of Allah, so that you may be successful)' 3:200."
Al-Hafiz Ibn `Asakir mentioned in the biography of `Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak, that
Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Abi Sakinah said, "While in the area of Tarsus, `Abdullah bin
Al-Mubarak dictated this poem to me when I was greeting him goodbye. He sent the poem
with me to Al-Fudayl bin `Iyad in the year one hundred and seventy, `O he who worships in
the vicinity of the Two Holy Masjids! If you but see us, you will realize that you are only
jesting in worship. He who brings wetness to his cheek with his tears, should know that our
necks are being wet by our blood. He who tires his horses without purpose, know that our
horses are getting tired in battle. Scent of perfume is yours, while our scent is the glimmer of
spears and the stench of dust in battle. We were narrated about in the speech of our Prophet,
96

an authentic statement that never lies. That the dust that erupts by Allah's horses and which
fills the nostrils of a man shall never be combined with the smoke of a raging Fire. This, the
Book of Allah speaks among us that the martyr is not dead, and the truth in Allah's Book
cannot be denied.' I met Al-Fudayl Ibn `Iyad in the Sacred Masjid and gave him the letter.
When he read it, his eyes became tearful and he said, `Abu `Abdur-Rahman (`Abdullah bin
Al-Mubarak) has said the truth and offered sincere advice to me.' He then asked me, `Do you
write the Hadith' I said, `Yes.' He said, `Write this Hadith as reward for delivering the letter
of Abu `Abdur-Rahman to me. He then dictated, `Mansur bin Al-Mu`tamir narrated to us
that Abu Salih narrated from Abu Hurayrah that a man asked, `O Messenger of Allah! Teach
me a good deed that will earn me the reward of the Mujahidin in Allah's cause.' The Prophet
said,
«‫َِ؟‬hْ ُ َ"Dَ ‫ َوَُ َم‬،َُ َْ َ"Dَ )
َ "َُ ْ‫ُ َأن‬Iِhَ

ْ َ ْ;‫( » َه‬Are you able to pray continuously and fast without
breaking the fast) The man said, `O Messenger of Allah! I cannot bear it.' The Prophet said,
«Lَ (
ُ َVْ ُDَ ،ِLِ َ m
ِ )ِD ‚َ

ْ َ َ ِ‫َ ِه‬6 ُ ْ ‫س ا‬
َ َ Dَ ‫ َأن‬R
َ ْ "ِ#
َ َA ‫ َأ َو‬،ِW‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ )ِD 
َ 8ِ‫َ ِه‬6 ُ ْ ‫ ا‬R
َ /ْ َ"َ َA Z
َ ِ‫ ذ‬R
َ 0ْ m
ُ َْ eِ ِ َ ِ )ِ 
ْ َ ‫ِي‬- ‫َا‬Dَ
‫َت‬%

َ َJ ْ ‫ ا‬Z
َ ِ-ِ» (By He in Whose Hand is my soul! Even if you were able to do it, you will not
achieve the grade of the Mujahidin in Allah's cause. Did you not know that the horse of the
Mujahid earns rewards for him as long as it lives.)
Allah said next, 
L" ‫( وَا ُاْ ا‬and have Taqwa of Allah), concerning all your affairs and situations. For instance,
the Prophet said to Mu`adh when he sent him to Yemen,
َ ٍc"ُg
ُ ِ َ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬c
ِ ِ َO‫ َو‬،َ5J
ُ ْ َ .َ %َ

َ J
َ ْ ‫َ ا‬.‫ ا
ـ َــ‬Iِ Bِ ْ‫ َوَأ‬،َR%ْ ُ‫= ْ ُ َ آ‬
َ W
َ ‫ا‬c
ِ  ‫( »ا‬Have Taqwa of Allah wherever
«َ
=
you may be, follow the evil deed with a good deed and it will erase it, and deal with people in a
good manner.)
Allah said next, 
‫ُن‬Jِ"ُْ ْVُ "َC َ (so that you may be successful.), in this life and the Hereafter. Ibn Jarir recorded
that Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi said that, Allah's statement, 
‫ُن‬J"ُِْ ْVُ "َC َ Lَ " ‫( وَا ُاْ ا‬and have Taqwa of Allah, so that you may be successful.) means, "Fear
Me concerning what is between you and Me, so that you may acquire success when you meet
Me tomorrow.''
The Tafsir of Surah Al `Imran ends here, all praise is due to Allah, and we ask Him that we
die while on the path of the Qur'an and Sunnah, Amin.

97

12. QS Al Imran 3:185
‫َع‬Aَ  ‫ََةُ ا ‚ َْ ِإ‬J ْ ‫َ ا‬A‫َ َز َو‬D َْ Dَ .َ % 6
َ ْ ‫;َ ا‬O
ِ ْ‫ ِر َوُأد‬% ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ ‫ح‬
َ 2ِ ْ=‫ َ ْ ُز‬Dَ .ِ Aَ َِ ْ ‫ْمَ ا‬8َ ْ‫ُ َر ُآ‬G‫ن ُأ‬
َ ْDَ ُ َ  ‫ت َوِإ‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ا‬.ُ َ <ِ ‫{ ذَا‬
ٍ ْ َ ‚;‫ُآ‬
‫ُور‬/ُ ْ ‫ا‬
3:185. Tiap-tiap yang berjiwa akan merasakan mati. Dan sesungguhnya pada hari kiamat
sajalah disempurnakan pahalamu. Barang siapa dijauhkan dari neraka dan dimasukkan ke
dalam surga, maka sungguh ia telah beruntung. Kehidupan dunia itu tidak lain hanyalah
kesenangan yang memperdayakan.
185. Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your
wages in full. And whoever is moved away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed
is successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
‫َع‬Aَ  ‫ََةُ ا ‚ َْ ِإ‬J ْ ‫َ ا‬A‫َ َز َو‬D َْ Dَ .َ % 6
َ ْ ‫;َ ا‬O
ِ ْ‫ ِر َوُأد‬% ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ ‫ح‬
َ 2ِ ْ=‫ َ ْ ُز‬Dَ .ِ Aَ َِ ْ ‫ْمَ ا‬8َ ْ‫ُ َر ُآ‬G‫ن ُأ‬
َ ْDَ ُ َ  ‫ت َوِإ‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ا‬.ُ َ <ِ ‫{ ذَا‬
ٍ ْ َ ‚;‫ُآ‬
‫ُور‬/ُ ْ ‫ا‬
‫ل‬T6 ‫ ذو ا‬Z‫ ر‬LG‫! و‬B8‫ن و‬D 5"# A ;‫ ! " آ‬C L ‫ ا ت آ‬.<‫ ?ن آ; { ذا‬."g ‫ ا‬I G C8 A# ‫را‬BO‫ ! إ‬C Bg8
‫ر‬5 ‫= ا‬M‫د ا ا= ا‬%8‫ش و‬C ‫ ا‬." =‫ و‬.V<T ‫ ا‬Z -‫ ن وآ‬8 {U‫ وا‬6 ‫ ت وا‬8 [ ‫ي‬- ‫ ا‬e=‫ ! و‬C 5D " ‫آام‬U‫وا‬
‫ ت‬8 != ‫رض‬M‫ ا‬LG‫"! و‬# =‫! أ‬B8 [ LfD ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬I 6 .82C 5D .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ا آ  آن أو[ وه‬On ‫ن‬VD ‫ء‬B ‫ وا‬.A 8  
5  #? c<Tg ‫زى ا‬G‫ و‬.A ‫ ا‬W‫م ا‬0‫ أ‬.8B ‫ ا‬R5‫دم وا‬n ("^ A ‫ده‬G‫ و‬W‫ر ا‬0 ) ‫ ا‬.h% ‫ ا‬RrD‫ة و‬C ‫ ا‬Ra‫ذا ا‬fD
" .A ‫م ا‬8 ‫رآ‬G‫ن أ‬D  ‫ ! " وإ‬C ‫ل‬0 ‫ا‬-5 ‫ل ذرة و‬A ‫" أ=ا‬Y8 TD ‫ه‬/^‫ه و‬B‫ وآه آ‬5""0 ‫ و=ه‬5""G
L‫ أ‬# 
J ‫")  ا‬#   JA  CG # ) X5 ‫") ا‬# )‫")  أ‬# %Q= )
8‫و‬M‫ ا‬282C ‫ ا‬B# %Q= = )‫ل ا أ‬0
[‫ و‬L
= ‫ن‬C
8 ‫ت‬n ‫ءه‬G .82C ‫ءت ا‬G‫ و@" و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫) ا‬D  : ‫ل‬0 L%# W‫) ا‬d‫ ( ر‬m !‫")  أ‬# #
‫ " إن‬.A ‫م ا‬8 ‫رآ‬G‫ن أ‬D  ‫ ا ت وإ‬.<‫ " آ; { ذا‬L‫ وآ‬W‫ ا‬. =‫ ور‬RB ‫ أه; ا‬V"# ‫م‬T
‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬D LgX ‫ون‬8
‫ =م ا اب‬A ‫ن ا ب‬fD ‫ا‬G‫ر‬D e8‫ا وإ‬D WBD R<D ;‫ آ‬A ‫ ودرآ‬Z ‫ آ; ه‬A "O‫ و‬.BA ;‫ آ‬A ‫اء‬2# W‫) ا‬D 
ag ‫ا ا‬-‫ا ؟ ه‬-‫ ه‬A ‫ أرون‬: ‫ل‬0 ( m )‫")  أ‬# ‫) أ) أن‬BO?D  JA  CG ‫ل‬0 L‫ وآ‬W‫ ا‬. =‫ ور‬V"# ‫م‬T
‫وا‬
‫ز آ; ا ز‬D D .%6 ‫; ا‬O‫ وأد‬5%A 6‫ر و‬% ‫( ا‬%G A ‫ز " أي‬D D .%6 ‫; ا‬O‫ر وأد‬% ‫ ا‬# ‫ح‬2=‫  ز‬D " L 0‫ و‬. ‫م‬T
‫ ا‬L"#
‫ل‬0 ‫ة‬8‫ أ) ه‬# . "@ )‫ أ‬# . "#  ‫ و‬#   JA %Q= ‫ري‬M‫ ا‬W‫ ا‬B#   JA %Q= )‫ أ‬%Q= = )‫ل ا أ‬0
‫ر‬% ‫ ا‬# ‫ح‬2=‫  ز‬D "  X ‫ءوا إن‬0‫ ا‬5D A‫ ا  و‬A O .%6 ‫) ا‬D ‫ @ط‬IdA " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : 
= ‫دة أ‬82 ‫ ا‬e-5 e‫ روا‬0‫ و‬. ‫دة‬82 ‫ ا‬e-‫ ون ه‬LG ‫ا ا‬-‫ ه‬r A JJ ‫) ا‬D RQ o8= ‫ا‬-‫ز " ه‬D D .%6 ‫; ا‬O‫وأد‬ 
%Q= : ‫ل‬D On LG‫ و‬A L8‫دو‬A ‫ ا‬e‫ا وروا‬-‫ ه‬. ‫ و‬#   JA o8= A L‫ 
رآ‬A )D ‫آ‬J ‫ وا‬LJJ^ )D ‫ن‬B= ‫وا‬ 
C@  ;5@ # ‫ أ) =زم‬# )"#  ‫ و‬# ?B‫ة أ‬C
A   = ?B‫! أ‬J8   JA %Q= ‫   أ=   إاه‬JA 
D " .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬T Q " 5D A‫ ا  و‬A O .%6 ‫) ا‬D ‫ @ط أ=آ‬Id " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0
)D ‫اح‬6 ‫  ا‬I‫ وآ‬e‫ روا‬A " ‫
" ن‬A ‫ ! " و[   إ[ وأ‬C L 0 %# ‫ز " وم‬D D .%6 ‫; ا‬O‫ر وأد‬% ‫ ا‬# ‫ح‬2=‫ز‬
W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 ‫ص‬C ‫ و  ا‬#  W‫ ا‬B# # .BCV ‫ رب ا‬B#   = ‫ ا‬B# # (‫  وه‬8‫ ز‬# w #M‫ ا‬# e 

‫س‬% ‫ و ?ت إ ! ا‬Ox‫ وا م ا‬W AE8 ‫ وه‬L%A L‫"رآ‬D .%6 ‫; ا‬O8‫ر و‬% ‫ ا‬# ‫ح‬2=28 ‫ أ=( أن‬A " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫^"! ا‬
" ‫ور‬/ ‫ع ا‬A [‫ة ا  إ‬J ‫ ا‬A‫ ! " و‬C L 0‫ و‬L I‫ وآ‬# e%
A )D  =‫م أ‬AU‫ ا‬e‫ روا‬0‫ و‬. " L ‫! إ‬E8 ‫( أن‬J8 A
" !‫ وأ‬O ‫ة‬Ox‫ة ا  وا‬J ‫ون ا‬QE ; " ! C ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬."<‫ زا‬.""0 .D . ‫ د‬5‫ه وأ‬AM J‫ `?ن ا  و‬/
[‫ة إ‬Ox‫) ا‬D  ‫ ا‬A W‫ " وا‬o8J ‫) ا‬D‫ و‬. " !‫ وأ‬O W‫ ا‬%# A‫ و‬5%8‫ة ا  وز‬J ‫ ع ا‬D ‫)ء‬X A ‫ أو‬A‫ل " و‬0‫و‬
: ‫ل‬0 " ‫ور‬/ ‫ع ا‬A [‫ة ا  إ‬J ‫ ا‬A‫ ! " و‬C L 0 )D ‫دة‬0 ‫ل‬0‫ " و‬L ‫ إ‬IG  Y%"D  ‫) ا‬D LCB^‫ { أ=آ أ‬/8  ‫آ‬
[‫ة إ‬0 [‫ و‬Ch@‫ إن ا‬W‫ ا‬.#m ‫ا ا ع‬-‫ ه‬A ‫وا‬-gD 5"‫ أه‬# ;J a ‫ إ[ ه أن‬L ‫ي [ إ‬- ‫ ا‬W‫ وا‬RVX‫ أو‬.‫وآ‬A ‫ع‬A )‫ه‬
W
Allah issues a general and encompassing statement that every living soul shall taste death. In
another statement, Allah said, ‫ ْآَام‬Uِ ‫"ْـ ِ; وَا‬6
َ ْ ‫ ذُو ا‬Z
َ ‫ َر‬Lُ G
ْ ‫َ! َو‬Bْ 8َ َ‫ و‬- ٍ‫َن‬D َ5ْ َ"#
َ ْAَ ‚;‫(  ُآ‬Whatsoever is on it
(the earth) will perish. And the Face of your Lord full of majesty and honor will remain
98

forever) 55:26,27. Therefore, Allah Alone is the Ever-Living Who never dies, while the Jinn,
mankind and angels, including those who carry Allah's Throne, shall die. The Irresistible One
and Only, will alone remain for ever and ever, remaining Last, as He was the First. This Ayah
comforts all creation, since every soul that exists on the earth shall die. When the term of this
life comes to an end and the sons of Adam no longer have any new generations, and thus this
world ends, Allah will command that the Day of Resurrection commence. Allah will then
recompense the creation for their deeds, whether minor or major, many or few, big or small.
Surely, Allah will not deal unjustly with anyone, even the weight of an atom, and this is why
He said, .َ ‫ْمَ ا ْ َِـ‬8َ ْ‫ُ َر ُآ‬G‫ن ُأ‬
َ ْDَ ُ َ ‫(  َوِإ‬And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid
your wages in full) 3:185. Allah said, ‫َز‬D َْDَ .َ % 6
َ ْ ‫ِ َ; ا‬Oْ‫ ِر َوُأد‬% ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ ‫ح‬
َ 2ِ =
ْ ُ‫ َ ز‬Dَ  (And whoever is
moved away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful.) meaning,
whoever is kept away from the Fire, saved from it and entered into Paradise, will have
achieved the ultimate success. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the
ِ ْ‫ َأُوا ِإن‬0ْ ‫ ا‬،َ5ِD َA‫ ا ‚َْ َو‬
َ Aِ ٌْO
َ .ِ % 6
َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D ٍ‫@ْط‬
َ Iُ d
ِ ْAَ » (A place in
Messenger of Allah said, «ُْ X
Paradise as small as that which is occupied by a whip is better than the world and whatever is
on its surface. Read if you will), ‫َز‬D َْ َD .َ % 6
َ ْ ‫;َ ا‬O
ِ ْ‫ ِر َوأُد‬% ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ ‫ح‬
َ 2ِ ْ=‫ َ ُز‬Dَ  (And whoever is removed
away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful). This was collected in
the Two Sahihs, but using another chain of narration and without the addition (the Ayah.)
Abu Hatim Ibn Hibban recorded it in his Sahih without the addition as did Al-Hakim in his
Mustadrak. Allah said, ‫ُُور‬/ ْ ‫ ا‬Iُ ‫َـ‬Aَ [ ‫ََ ُة ا ‚ َْ ِإ‬J ْ ‫ ا‬Aَ‫( و‬The life of this world is only the enjoyment
of deception. ) belittling the value of this life and degrading its importance. This life is short,
little and finite, just as Allah said, !َْ ‫َ ٌْ َوَأ‬O ‫ِ َ ُة‬O[” ‫ وَا‬- َْ ‚ ‫ََةَ ا‬J ْ ‫ن ا‬
َ ‫ُو‬Qِ ْEُ ْ;َ  (Nay, you prefer the life
of this world. Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting.) 87:16,17, and, A ُِ‫َ€ أُو‬A‫َو‬
!َْ ‫ٌْ َوَأ‬O
َ Lِ " ‫َ ا‬%ِ# َA‫َ َو‬5ُ َ%8ِ‫َ ِة ا ‚ َْ َوز‬J
َ ْ ‫ ا‬Iُ ‫ َ َـ‬Dَ ٍ‫!ْء‬X
َ  (And whatever you have been given is an
enjoyment of the life of (this) world and its adornment, and that (Hereafter) which is with
Allah is better and will remain forever) 28:60. A Hadith states, «{ِ /ْ 8َ َ ‫ِ َةِ ِإ  َآ‬O€ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D َْ‚ ‫َ ا‬A W
ِ ‫وَا‬
Lْ َ‫ ِإ‬Iُ G
ِ َْ َِ ْY
ُ %ْ َ"ْ َD ،َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D Lُ Cَ Bُ ْ^‫= ُ ُآْ ُأ‬
َ ‫( »َأ‬By Allah! This life, compared to the Hereafter, is just as
insignificant as when one of you dips his finger in the sea; let him contemplate what his finger
َ ْ ‫ ا‬Aَ‫و‬
will come back with.) Qatadah commented on Allah's statement, ‫ُُور‬/ ْ ‫ ا‬Iُ ‫َـ‬Aَ [ ‫َ ُة ا ‚َْ ِإ‬J
(The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception.) "Life is a delight. By Allah, other
than Whom there is no deity, it will soon fade away from its people. Therefore, take obedience
to Allah from this delight, if you can. Verily, there is no power except from Allah.''

99

13. QS Al Imran 3:102-104

َ‫
ِ" ُن‬
ْ A‚ َُ‫ ِإ [ َوأ‬
 ُ ُ َ [َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ِ َُ c
 َ= Lَ " ‫ُاْ ا ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ8 
ُ%ُ‫َْاً َوآ‬O‫ ِإ‬Lِ ِ َ Cْ ِ%ِ ُْJBَ ^
ْ ?ََD ْVُ ِ ُ"ُ0 
َ ْ َ َ] ?ََD ‫ ًء‬nَْ#‫ُ َأ‬%ُ‫ْ ِإذْ آ‬Vُ ْ "َ#
َ Lِ " ‫ ا‬.َ َ Cْ ِ ْ‫ُاْ وَاذْ ُآُوا‬0 َ َ [َ ‫ً َو‬Cِ G
َ Lِ " ‫ ِ; ا‬Bْ J
َ ِ ْ‫ ُا‬
ِ َ #
ْ ‫ وَا‬ َ‫ َُون‬5ْ َ ْVُ "َC َ Lِ ِ ‫َـ‬8‫ُْ ءَا‬V َ Lُ " ‫ ُ ا‬Bَ 8ُ َZ ِ-َ‫َ آ‬5%ْ A ْ‫َ ُآ‬-َ َ?َD ‫ ِر‬% ‫ ا‬
َ A ٍ‫َ =ُ ْ َة‬X
َ !َ"َ#
َ‫ُن‬J"ِْ ُ ْ ‫ ُه ُ ا‬Z
َ ِ ‫ِ َوُأوْ َـ‬Vَ %ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ ‫ن‬
َ ْ5َ ْ%8َ َ‫ف و‬
ِ ‫ُْو‬C َ ْ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ُو‬Aُ ?ْ َ8‫ْ ِ َو‬g
َ ْ ‫ن ِإ َ! ا‬
َ ُ#ْ8َ ٌ.A ‫ُْ ُأ‬V%ْ A ُVَ ْ َ‫و‬
ٌِY#
َ ‫ب‬
ٌ ‫َا‬-#
َ ْ 5ُ َ Z
َ ِ ‫ُ َوُأوْ َـ‬R‫َـ‬%Bَ ْ ‫َ€ َء ُه ُ ا‬G َA ِCْ َ ِA ْ‫ْ ََ"ُا‬O‫ُاْ وَا‬0 ََ 
َ 8ِ- َ‫ُُاْ آ‬Vَ [َ ‫ َو‬‫ن‬
َ ‫ُُو‬Vْ َ ُْ %ْ ‫ب ِ َ ُآ‬
َ ‫َا‬-َC ْ ‫ُاْ ا‬0‫ُو‬-Dَ ْVُ %ِ ‫ َـ‬8ِ‫َ إ‬Cْ َ ْ ُ َْ ْ‫ْ َأآ‬5ُ ‫ُ ُه‬G‫@ َ دتْ ُو‬
ْ ‫ا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬A?َDَ ٌeُG‫
َد‚ ُو‬
ْ َ َ‫ٌ و‬eُG‫‰ ُو‬
‚ َ Bْ َ َ‫ْم‬8َ ‫ن‬
َ ‫َـِ"ُو‬O َ5ِD ْ‫ ُه‬Lِ " ‫ ا‬.ِ َ ْ=‫َِ! َر‬D ْ5ُ ‫ُ ُه‬G‫ ُو‬R
ْ aَ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬A‫ َوَأ‬
َ ِ "َ‫َـ‬C"ْ  ً ْ"ُ‘ ُ 8ِ8ُ Lُ " ‫َ ا‬A‫ َو‬c 
َJ ْ ِ Z
َ ْ"َ#
َ َ‫ َ ْ"ُه‬Lِ " ‫ ا‬R
ُ ‫َـ‬8‫ ءَا‬Z
َ "ْ ِ  ‫ُ ُر‬A[™ ‫ ا‬Iُ َGُْ Lِ " ‫ض َوِإ َ! ا‬
ِ ْ‫ِ! ا ”[ر‬D َA‫ت َو‬
ِ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫ِ! ا‬D َA Lِ " َ‫و‬
3:102. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, bertakwalah kepada Allah sebenar-benar takwa
kepada-Nya; dan janganlah sekali-kali kamu mati melainkan dalam keadaan beragama
Islam.
3:103. Dan berpeganglah kamu semuanya kepada tali (agama) Allah, dan janganlah kamu
bercerai berai, dan ingatlah akan nikmat Allah kepadamu ketika kamu dahulu (masa
Jahiliah) bermusuh musuhan, maka Allah mempersatukan hatimu, lalu menjadilah kamu
karena nikmat Allah orang-orang yang bersaudara; dan kamu telah berada di tepi jurang
neraka, lalu Allah menyelamatkan kamu daripadanya. Demikianlah Allah menerangkan
ayat-ayat-Nya kepadamu, agar kamu mendapat petunjuk.
3:104. Dan hendaklah ada di antara kamu segolongan umat yang menyeru kepada kebajikan,
menyuruh kepada yang makruf dan mencegah dari yang munkar; merekalah orang-orang
yang beruntung.
(102. O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah as is His due, and die not except as (true)
Muslims.)
(103. And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah, and be not divided among
yourselves, and remember Allah's favor on you, for you were enemies of one another but He
joined your hearts together, so that, by His grace, you became brethren, and you were on the
brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes His Ayat clear to you, that
you may be guided.)
(104.Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining
Al-Ma`ruf (all that Islam orders) and forbidding Al-Munkar (all that Islam has forbidden).
And it is they who are the successful.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬

100

‫ ِإ  َوَأ ْ ُْ‬
‫=‪ Lِ ِ َُ c‬وَ َ َ ُ ُ ‬
‫ ‪ُ%Aَ n‬ا ا ُا ا " َ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ َ8‬أ‪ َ5‚8‬ا ‪َ 8ِ-‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ا أ) = ‪%@   JA %Q= :‬ن =‪ B# %Q‬ا =   @ن و‪ # .BCX‬ز ا ‪A # )A‬ة ‪ B# #‬ا‪ W‬ه ا‬
‫‪C
A‬د " اا ا‪0 " L c= W‬ل ‪ :‬أن ‪h8‬ع ‪ !C8 TD‬وأن ‪-8‬آ ‪ !
%8 TD‬وأن ‪ V8 TD V`8‬وه‪-‬ا إ@‪%‬د ^‪0A KJ‬ف و‪0‬‬
‫‪A I‬ة ‪ # L"#‬و  ‪ A‬ن ‪ #‬ا ‪C
A‬د و‪ 0‬روا‪ e‬ا ‪A‬دو‪ B#  {8 o8= A L8‬ا‪ # !"#M‬ا وه( ‪@ #‬ن‬
‫ا ري ‪ #‬ز ‪A #‬ة ‪ B# #‬ا‪0 W‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " اا ا‪ "L c= W‬أن ‪h8‬ع ‪!C8 TD‬‬
‫و‪ V8 TD V`8‬و‪-8‬آ ‪ " !
%8 TD‬وآ‪-‬ا روا‪ e‬ا ‪J‬آ ‪
A )D‬رآ‪ # C
A o8= A L‬ز ‪A #‬ة ‪ #‬ا ‪C
A‬د ‪#DA‬‬
‫‪-D‬آ‪0 Q e‬ل ‪X !"# KJ^ :‬ط ا `‪ g‬و  ‪ eGg8‬آ‪-‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪ .‬وا‪ 5‘M‬أ‪0A L‬ف وا‪ W‬أ‪0 Q . "#‬ل ا أ) = ‪ :‬وروى‬
‫‪A # eJ‬ة ا ‪ 5‬ا) وا ‪ O  I‬و‪ #‬و  ‪ A‬ن وإاه ا ‪ )g%‬و‪m‬ووس وا ‪ 
J‬و‪0‬دة وأ) @‪%‬ن وا 
ي ‪J‬‬
‫ذ ‪ . Z‬وروي ‪ #‬أ{ أ‪0 L‬ل ‪ )8 [ :‬ا‪ W‬ا ‪2g8 != L c= BC‬ن 
‪ . L‬و‪ 0‬ذه( @‪ BG  C‬وأ ا ‪ . C‬وا ‪ I‬‬
‫أ{ و‪0‬دة و‪=  ;A‬ن وز‪  8‬أ@" وا 
ي و‪r‬ه إ ! أن ه‪ e-‬ا‪D " ! C L  .O
%A .8x‬ا ا‪ A W‬ا@‪" Ch‬‬
‫و‪0‬ل ‪  )"#‬أ) ‪ # .J"m‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪ " ! C L 0 )D‬اا ا‪0 " L c= W‬ل ‪ —
%  :‬و ‪ " L c= " V‬أن ‪68‬هوا‬
‫‪5G c= L"B@ )D‬د‪ e‬و[ ?‪-O‬ه ‪ )D‬ا‪ <[ .A W‬و‪A8‬ا  
 و  ‪ !"#‬أ
‪ 5‬و‪ 5<n‬وأ‪ 5<%‬و‪ " ! C L 0‬و[  ‬
‫إ[ وأ ‪ "
A‬ن " أي =‪YD‬ا ‪ !"#‬ا‪T@U‬م ‪= )D‬ل ^‪ VJ‬و@‪  VAT‬ا ‪fD L"#‬ن ا ‪ 0 8V‬أ‪G‬ى ‪#‬د‪ LAV L‬أ‪A L‬‬
‫‪#‬ش ‪)X !"#‬ء ‪A‬ت ‪ L"#‬و‪A A‬ت ‪)X !"#‬ء ‪CD L"# oC‬ذا ‪TO A W‬ف ذ ‪ .Z‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ %Q= :‬روح =‪.BCX %Q‬‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪ "@ RC @ :‬ن ‪6A #‬ه ‪ :‬إن ا ‪%‬س آا ‪Dh8‬ن  ‪ RB‬وإن ا ‪B#‬س ‪D 6JA LCA { G‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪!"^ W‬‬
‫ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪ 8‬أ‪ 58‬ا ‪%An 8-‬ا اا ا‪ L c= W‬و[   إ[ وأ ‪ "
A‬ن " و  أن ‪h0‬ة ‪ A‬ا ‪02‬م ‪h0‬ت ‪ )D‬دار‬
‫ا  ‪
DM‬ت ‪ !"#‬أه; ا  ‪Cm L {   ]VD 5`8CA‬م إ[ ‪ A‬ا ‪02‬م " وآ‪-‬ا روا‪ e‬ا ‪-A‬ي وا ‪ )<
%‬وا ‪ LGA‬وا‬
‫=‪B‬ن ‪ LJJ^ )D‬وا ‪J‬آ ‪
A )D‬رآ‪ L .BCX # c8m A L‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪-A‬ي ‪ . KJ^ 
= :‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪J‬آ ‪X !"# :‬ط‬
‫ا `‪ g‬و  ‪ .eGg8‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ %Q= :‬وآ‪ %Q= I‬ا‪ # w #M‬ز‪  8‬وه( ‪ B# #‬ا =   ‪ B#‬رب ا ‪# .BCV‬‬
‫‪ B#‬ا‪ #  W‬و ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪ A‬أ=( أن ‪2=28‬ح ‪ #‬ا ‪%‬ر و‪ ;O8‬ا ‪"D .%6‬رآ‪ L%A L‬وه‬
‫‪ W AE8‬وا م ا‪ Ox‬و‪ )?8‬إ ! ا ‪%‬س ‪ (J8 A‬أن ‪ !E8‬إ ‪ . " L‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  أ‪ %Q= : a8‬أ ‪CA‬و‪ %Q= .8‬ا‪# w #M‬‬
‫أ) @ن ‪0 G #‬ل ‪ RC @ :‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل ‪T LA ;B0‬ث " [ ‪  8‬أ=آ إ[ وه ‪ 
J8‬ا ‪Y‬‬
‫‪ 2# W‬و‪ " ;G‬وروا‪ c8m A "
A e‬ا‪ L w #M‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪ %Q= !@A  
= %Q‬ا ‪# {8 %Q= .C5‬‬
‫أ) ه‪8‬ة ‪ #‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أ‪0 L‬ل " إن ا‪0 W‬ل أ ‪B# ‘ %#‬ي ) ‪fD‬ن ‘ ) ‪O‬ا ‪fD L"D‬ن ‘ ) ‪X‬ا‬
‫‪ " L"D‬وأ^; ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ )D RQ o8J‬ا ‪ A JJ‬و‪ # On LG‬أ) ه‪8‬ة ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪8‬ل ا‪W‬‬
‫أ ‪B# ‘ %#‬ي ) " ‪ .‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪ vDJ‬أ ‪ V‬ا ‪2B‬ار =‪ B#   JA %Q‬ا "‪ Z‬ا ‪ "@  CG %Q= )X‬ن ‪RQ #‬‬
‫وأ=
‪ # LB‬أ{ ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬آن ر‪ A ;G‬ا‪M‬ر ‪6D a8A‬ء‪ e‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪C8‬د‪D e‬ا‪ )D LD‬ا 
ق ‪D L"# "
D‬ل‬
‫ ‪ " L‬آ] أ‪TD 8 R‬ن ؟ " ‪0‬ل ‪ 8 g :‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬أر‪ G‬ا‪ W‬وأ‪O‬ف ذ) ‪D‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " [ ‪C 68‬ن‬
‫‪ )D B# ("0 )D‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ m‬إ[ أ‪ eh#‬ا‪ G8 A W‬و‪g8  A L%An‬ف " ‪0 Q‬ل ‪ "C [ :‬روا‪ "@  CG r RQ # e‬ن ‪.‬‬
‫وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬ا ‪-A‬ي وا ‪ )<
%‬وا ‪0 Q L8= A LGA‬ل ا ‪-A‬ي ‪ (8r‬وآ‪-‬ا روا‪ A?D . T@A RQ # 5aC e‬ا ‪o8J‬‬
‫ا ‪-‬ي روا‪ e‬ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ # .BCX %Q= CG   JA %Q= :‬أ) ` ‪A  ]@8 #‬ه‪2=  V= # Z‬ام ‪0‬ل ‪RC8 :‬‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" أن [ أ‪ O‬إ[ ‪  <0‬وروا‪ e‬ا ‪ # L%%@ )D )<
%‬إ@ ‪C
A  ;#‬د ‪   O #‬ا ‪J‬رث ‪#‬‬
‫‪ L .BCX‬و‪D L"# G‬ل ‪ " :‬ب آ] ‪6
" g8‬د " ‪ e%CA ;D L"A L0@ Q‬أن [ أ‪A‬ت إ[ ‪  "
A‬و‪ e%CA : ;0‬أن [ أ‪;0‬‬
‫‪ .‬إ[ ‪ A r TBA‬وه ‪ IG8‬إ ! ا‪M‬ول‬
‫‪َO‬اً َو ُآ ْ‪ُ%‬‬
‫ ‪ِ Lِ ِ َ Cْ %ِ ِ ْ ُ ْJBَ ْ^?َDَ ْVُ ِ ُ"ُ0‬إ ْ‬
‫] َ ْ َ‬
‫‪ِ ُْVْ "َ#‬إذْ ُآ ْ‪َ ُْ %‬أ‪َْ#‬ا ًء َ‪َ َ?D‬‬
‫‪ ًCِ G‬وَ َ َ َ ‪ُ0‬ا وَاذْآُُوا ِ ْ‪ .َ َ C‬ا " ِ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ ;ِ ْBJ‬ا "‪َ ِL‬‬
‫ ُا ِ َ‬
‫‪ِ َ #‬‬
‫وَا ْ‬
‫‪ ُ Bَ 8ُ Z‬ا "‪َُ 5ْ َ ْVُ "َC َ Lِ ِ َ8n ْVُ َ ُL‬ون‬
‫ ا ‪ِ %‬ر َ‪-َ َ ْ َ?D‬آُْ ِ‪َ َ5%ْ A‬آ َ‪َ ِ -‬‬
‫=ْ َ ٍة ِ‪َ A‬‬
‫‪ُ َX‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"َ#‬‬
‫‪ " ! C L 0‬وا‪ #‬ا ‪ ;BJ‬ا‪ C G W‬و[ ‪0‬ا " ‪ ;BJ " ;0‬ا‪ " W‬أي ‪ 5C‬ا‪ W‬آ  ‪0‬ل ‪ )D‬ا‪C .8x‬ه " ‪5"# Rd‬‬
‫ا ‪ . -‬أ‪Q  %8‬ا إ[ ‪ A ;BJ‬ا‪ W‬و=‪ A ;B‬ا ‪%‬س " أي ‪ 5C‬وذ‪ .A‬و‪ A ;BJ " ;0‬ا‪ )%C8 " W‬ا ‪n‬ن آ  ‪ o8= )D‬ا ‪J‬رث‬
‫ا‪#M‬ر ‪ .^ )D #DA )"# #‬ا ‪n‬ن " ه =‪ ;B‬ا‪ W‬ا  و^ا‪ Lm‬ا 
" ‪ .‬و‪ 0‬ورد ‪ )D‬ذ ‪O o8= Z‬ص ‪-5‬ا‬
‫ا ‪D !%C‬ل ا‪AU‬م ا ‪ vDJ‬أ ‪ CG‬ا ‪Bh‬ي ‪ !J8  C@ %Q= :‬ا‪AM‬ي =‪ %Q‬أ@‪B‬ط  ‪ B# #  JA‬ا "‪ "@  Z‬ن‬
‫ا ‪2C‬ر‪ # .h# # )A‬أ) @‪0 C‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " آب ا‪ W‬ه =‪ ;B‬ا‪ W‬ا ود ‪ A‬ا 
ء إ !‬
‫ا‪M‬رض " ‪ .‬وروى ا ‪A‬دو‪ c8m A L8‬إاه  ‪ "
A‬ا ‪65‬ي ‪ #‬أ) ا‪=M‬ص ‪ B# #‬ا‪ W‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪0 :‬ل‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " إن ه‪-‬ا ا ‪n‬ن ه =‪ ;B‬ا‪ W‬ا  وه ا ‪%‬ر ا ‪ B‬وه ا `ء ا ‪L Z 
 . # ID%‬‬
‫و‪6‬ة  ا‪ " LCB‬وروى ‪ .8-= o8= A‬وز‪  8‬أر‪ J 0‬ذ ‪ Z‬و‪0‬ل وآ‪ %Q= I‬ا‪ # w #M‬أ) وا<; ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ‪ B#‬ا‪: W‬‬
‫إن ه‪-‬ا ا اط ‪ eaJ8 aJA‬ا `‪ 8 : m‬أ ‪ B#‬ا‪ W‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ c8h‬ه" إ ! ا ‪ #D c8h‬ا ‪ ;BJ‬ا‪fD W‬ن =‪ ;B‬ا‪ W‬ا ‪n‬ن ‪.‬‬
‫و‪ " L 0‬و[ ‪0‬ا " أ‪A‬ه  ‪ .# 6‬و‪5‬ه ‪ #‬ا ‪ . .0‬و‪ 0‬وردت ا‪=M‬د‪ o8‬ا ‪C‬دة  ‪ # )5%‬ا ق وا‪ G[ AM‬ع‬
‫وا[<‪T‬ف آ  ‪  ;5@ o8= A "
A KJ^ )D‬أ) ^ ‪ # K‬أ‪ # L‬أ) ه‪8‬ة أن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0‬ل "‬
‫‪101‬‬

‫ا وأن‬0 [‫ و‬C G W‫; ا‬BJ ‫ ا‬C ‫  وأن‬X L ‫ و[ `آا‬e‫و‬BC ‫ أن‬V !d8 QTQ V g
8‫ و‬QTQ V !d8 W‫إن ا‬ 
50‫ ا‬%# . C ‫ ا‬5 R% d 0‫ ا ل " و‬.#d‫ال وإ‬E
‫ل وآة ا‬0‫; و‬0 : QTQ V g
8‫آ و‬A‫ أ‬W‫ ا‬e[‫ و‬A ‫ا‬J^%
!"# ‫ا‬0DD .AM‫ ا‬e-‫) ه‬D Z ‫ ذ‬I0‫ و‬D ‫ف‬TO[‫اق وا‬D[‫ ا‬5"# ]O‫ و‬. a8‫دة أ‬C ‫ ا‬o8‫=د‬M‫ ا‬Z - ‫? آ  وردت‬hg ‫ ا‬A 
"@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ ا‬L"# ‫ آن‬A !"# 8- ‫ر وه ا‬% ‫اب ا‬-# A . "
A‫ و‬.%6 ‫ إ ! ا‬.G .0D 5%A .0D CB@‫ث و‬TQ
‫ا‬-‫ وه‬.8x‫ ا‬On ! ‫ا " إ‬O‫ إ‬L C% JB^?D V"0  ] ?D ‫اء‬#‫ أ‬%‫ إذ آ‬V"# W‫ ا‬. C ‫ ! " واذآوا‬C L 0‫ و‬. LJ^‫وأ‬ 
5BB 
‫ل‬m ‫< وإ= وذ=ل‬/d‫ة و‬8X ‫اوة‬#‫ه") و‬6 ‫) ا‬D ‫ =وب آة‬5% ‫ آن‬0 LfD ‫رج‬2g ‫وس وا‬M‫?ن ا‬X )D ‫ا 
ق‬
W‫) ذات ا‬D "^‫ا‬A W‫ل ا‬T6 JA ‫ا‬O‫ ^روا إ‬5%A ;O‫ د‬A LD ;OD ‫م‬T@U W‫ء ا‬G  "D 5% I<0 ‫ وا‬5 0 
C G ‫رض‬M‫) ا‬D A R‫  أ‬5"0  ] ‫ وأ‬%AE ‫ و‬e% ‫ك‬8‫ي أ‬- ‫ ! " ه ا‬C W‫ل ا‬0 ‫ وا ى‬B ‫"! ا‬# ‫و‬CA
‫ أن‬5%A W‫ه ا‬-?D ‫( آه‬B 
‫ر‬% ‫ ا‬A ‫ =ة‬X !"# ‫ وآا‬.8x‫ ا‬On ! ‫ " إ‬5% ] ‫ أ‬W‫ ا‬V ‫ و‬5"0  R ‫ أ‬A 
5"# ;aD   5%A (# A (CD %= <%r 
0 ‫م‬8 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬Z - 5"# A‫ ا‬0‫ و‬.‫ ن‬8H ‫هاه‬
. #‫ ) و‬W‫ ا‬V ?D 0A %‫ ) وآ‬W‫اآ ا‬5D [Td ‫آ‬G‫ر أ  أ‬M‫` ا‬CA 8 " ‫ل‬D 5BhgD W‫ ا‬e‫   أرا‬. 
‫) ا‬D
)D R 2 .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ أن ه‬: er‫ 
ر و‬8  cJ@‫   إ‬JA ‫ ذآ‬0‫ و‬. A‫ أ‬L @‫ ور‬W‫ ا‬: ‫ ا‬0  X ‫ل‬0  "VD " ‫ ) ؟‬W‫آ ا‬%r?D
TG‫ ر‬oCBD . M‫ ا[ق وا‬A L"# ‫ ه‬A e‫ 
ء‬D ‫رج‬2g ‫وس وا‬M‫ ا‬A H  A ‫د‬5 ‫ ا‬A TG‫ أن ر‬Z ‫ وذ‬.‫رج‬2g ‫وس وا‬M‫?ن ا‬X
‫ س‬R = != L‫ دأ‬Z ‫ل ذ‬28 "D ;CD ‫وب‬J ‫ ا‬Z"‫ث و‬C ‫م‬8 5‫ =و‬A ‫ آن‬A 5 ‫آ‬-8‫ و‬5% {"68 ‫ أن‬eA‫ وأ‬LCA
L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ ا‬Z ‫"ˆ ذ‬BD ‫ة‬J ‫وا إ ! ا‬#‫ وا‬5J"@‫ا أ‬B"m‫ره و‬C` ‫‰ ووروا ودوا‬C !"# 5aC (ar‫ا م و‬ 
5%A ‫ آن‬A !"# ‫ا‬A%D .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬5"# T‫آ ؟ " و‬5‘‫ وأ  أ‬."‫ه‬6 ‫ى ا‬#‫ل " أ‬8‫ و‬5%V
8 ;C6D ‫?ه‬D "@‫ و‬L n‫و‬ 
"#‫ أ‬W‫ وا‬ZDU‫ ا‬.a0 )D ‫ = وروا‬5D ‫ل‬2 Z ‫ أن ذ‬.AV# ‫ وذآ‬5%# W‫) ا‬d‫ح ر‬T
‫ا وأ ا ا‬C‫ا و‬J"h^D .
‫ن‬
َ ُJِ"ْ ُ ْ ‫ ُه ُ ا‬Z
َ ِ َ‫ِ َوأُو‬Vَ %ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
ِ َ# ‫ن‬
َ ْ5َ %ْ 8َ ‫ُوفِ َو‬Cْ َ ْ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ‫ُُو‬A?ْ َ8‫ْ ِ َو‬g
َ ْ ‫ن ِإ َ! ا‬
َ ُ#َْ8 .ٌ A ‫ْ ُأ‬Vُ %ْ Aِ ْVُ َ ْ َ‫و‬ 
‫ ه‬Z ‫ وأو‬V% ‫ ا‬# )5% ‫وف وا‬C  AM‫ وا‬g ‫ة إ ! ا‬# ‫) ا‬D W‫ ا‬A? ‫ "م‬.B%A .A‫ أ‬V%A V ‫ و‬: ! C ‫ل‬8
W‫أ ر@ل ا‬0 : 0B ‫ ا‬CG ‫ل أ‬0‫" ء و‬C ‫ وا‬8‫ه‬6 ‫) ا‬%C8 ‫ ا واة‬.^O‫ و‬.J ‫ ا‬.^O ‫ ه‬: ‫ك‬Ja ‫ل ا‬0 ‫ن‬J" ‫ا‬
‫ وا د‬L8‫دو‬A ‫ ا‬e‫) " روا‬%@‫ن و‬n ‫ع ا‬B‫ ا‬g ‫ل " ا‬0 Q " g ‫ن إ ! ا‬#8 .A‫ أ‬V%A V ‫ و@" " و‬L"# W‫^"! ا‬
)D RBQ  ‫ آ‬LB
J .AM‫ ا‬A ‫د‬D ;‫"! آ‬# BG‫ وا‬Z ‫ا ا `?ن وإن آن ذ‬-5 .8A .AM‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬A .0D ‫ن‬V ‫ أن‬.8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬A
L
"BD Ih
8  ‫ن‬fD e e/"D ‫ا‬V%A V%A ‫ رأى‬A " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 ‫ة‬8‫ أ) ه‬# "
A KJ^ 
%Q= :  =‫م أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0‫ و‬. " ‫دل‬O .B= ‫ ن‬8U‫ ا‬A Z ‫ " و { وراء ذ‬.8‫) روا‬D‫ ن " و‬8U‫] ا‬Cd‫ أ‬Z ‫ وذ‬LB"BD Ih
8  ‫ن‬fD 
.8-= # )"5XM‫ ا =  ا‬B#  W‫ ا‬B# # ‫ و‬# )‫ و  أ‬# )BO‫ أ‬CG  ;# @‫? إ‬B‫ ) أ‬X5 ‫@" ن ا‬
oCB8 ‫ أن‬W‫ ا‬VX ‫ أو‬V% ‫ ا‬# ‫ن‬5% ‫وف و‬C  ‫ن‬A? e ) 
‫ي‬- ‫ل " وا‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ا  ن أن ا‬
: ‫ي‬-A ‫ل ا‬0‫ و‬L ‫ و‬# )‫ و  أ‬# o8= A LGA ‫ي وا‬-A ‫ ا‬e‫ " وروا‬V (6
8 TD L%# Q e%# A # V"# 
5%‫آ‬A‫) أ‬D ‫ آ  @?)  
ه‬. 8V ‫ت ا‬8x‫ ا‬IA ‫ب آة‬B ‫ا ا‬-‫) ه‬D o8‫=د‬M‫ = 
وا‬.
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud commented on the Ayah, 
Lَُِ c=
َ Lَ " ‫ا ُاْ ا‬
(Have Taqwa of Allah as is His due,)
"That He is obeyed and not defied, remembered and not forgotten and appreciated and not
unappreciated.'' This has an authentic chain of narration to `Abdullah bin Mas`ud. Al-Hakim
collected this Hadith in his Mustadrak, from Ibn Mas`ud, who related it to the Prophet . AlHakim said, "It is authentic according to the criteria of the Two Shaykhs Al-Bukhari and
Muslim, and they did not record it.'' This is what he said, but it appears that it is only a
statement of `Abdullah bin Mas`ud, and Allah knows best. It was also reported that Anas said,
"The servant will not have Taqwa of Allah as is His due until he keeps his tongue idle.'' Allah's
statement, 
َ‫
ِ" ُن‬
ْ A‚ َُ‫ ِإ [ َوأ‬
 ُ ُ َ [َ ‫ َو‬
(and die not except as (true) Muslims) 3:102, means, preserve your Islam while you are well
and safe, so that you die as a Muslim. The Most Generous Allah has made it His decision that
102

whatever state one lives in, that is what he dies upon and is resurrected upon. We seek refuge
from dying on other than Islam.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Mujahid said, "The people were circling around the Sacred
House when Ibn `Abbas was sitting, holding a bent-handled walking stick. Ibn `Abbas said,
The Messenger of Allah recited, 
‫ن‬
َ ُ "ِ

ْ A‚ َُ‫ ِإ [ َوأ‬
 ُ ُ َ [َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ِ َُ c=
َ Lَ " ‫ُاْ ا ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ8
(Have Taqwa of Allah as is His due, die not except as (true) Muslims.) 3:102, then he said;
«‫‚مُ؟‬02 ‫َمٌ ِإ  ا‬Cm
َ Lُ َ {
َ ْ َ ْ َ ِ ]
َ ْ َVDَ ،ْ5ُ َ `
َ ِ# ِ‫َ"! َأ ْه ِ; ا ْ? ْرض‬# ‫ت‬
ْ Aَ ?ََ ْ‫ َت‬h
ِ 0ُ ِ‫‚م‬02 ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫َ ًة‬h
ْ َ0 ‫ن‬
 ‫» َو َْ َأ‬
(Verily, if a drop of Zaqqum (a tree in Hell) falls, it will spoil life for the people of earth. What
about those whose food is only from Zaqqum)''
This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban in his Sahih and AlHakim his Mustadrak. At-Tirmidhi said, "Hasan Sahih''' while Al-Hakim said; "It meets the
conditions of the Two Sahihs and they did not record it."
Imam Ahmad recorded that Jabir said that three nights before the Messenger of Allah died he
heard him saying;
«;َG‫ َو‬2 #
َ W
ِ ِ 
Y
 ‫ ا‬
ُ

ِ ْJ8ُ َ ‫= ُ ُآْ ِإ  َو ُه‬
َ ‫ َأ‬
 َ ُ 8َ َ »
(None of you should die except while having sincere trust in Allah, the Exalted and Most
Honorable.) Muslim also recorded it. The Two Sahihs record that Abu Hurayrah said that the
Messenger of Allah said,
«)ِ ‫ِي‬Bْ #
َ ‘
َ َ %ْ ِ# َ‫ َأ‬:W
ُ ‫ُ ُل ا‬8َ »
(Allah said, "I am as My servant thinks of Me.'')
Allah said next, 
ْ‫ُا‬0َ َ [َ ‫ً َو‬Cِ G
َ Lِ " ‫ ِ; ا‬Bْ J
َ ِ ْ‫ ُا‬
ِ َ #
ْ ‫وَا‬
(And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah, and be not divided among yourselves.)
It was said that, 
ِL" ‫ْ ِ; ا‬BJ
َ ِ 
(to the Rope of Allah) refers to Allah's covenant, just as Allah said in the following Ayah, 
ِ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬
َ A ;ٍ Bْ َ=‫ َو‬Lِ " ‫ْ ا‬A ٍ;Bْ َJِ [ ‫ُِاْ ِإ‬Qُ َA 
َ 8ْ َ‫ أ‬.ُ - ‫ ُ ا‬5ِ ْ "ََ# R
ْ َِ d
ُ 
(Indignity is put over them wherever they may be, except when under a covenant (of
protection) from Allah, and from men;) 3:112, in reference to pledges and peace treaties.
Allah's statement
103 

ْ‫ُا‬0 َ َ [َ ‫ َو‬
(and be not divided among yourselves), orders sticking to the community of the believers and
forbids division. There are several Hadiths that require adhering to the Jama`ah
(congregation of believers) and prohibit division. Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said
that the Messenger of Allah said,
،‫ُا‬0 ََ َ ‫ً َو‬Cِ َG W
ِ ‫ ِ; ا‬Bْ J
َ ِ ‫ ُا‬
ِ َ Cْ َ ْ‫ َوَأن‬،ً ْ X
َ Lِ ِ ‫` ِآُا‬
ْ ُ َ ‫ُ َو‬e‫ُو‬Bُ Cْ َ ْ‫ْ َأن‬Vُ َ !َdَْ8 :ًQَ"Qَ ُْV َ ُg
َ

ْ 8َ ‫ َو‬،ًQَ"Qَ ُْV َ !َdْ8َ W
َ ‫»ِإن ا‬
«‫ ا ْ َل‬.َ #
َ َd‫ َوِإ‬،ِ‫َال‬E

‚ ‫ َوآَ ْ َ َة ا‬،َ‫َل‬0‫ِ َ; َو‬0 :ًQَ"َQ ْVُ َ ُg
َ

ْ 8َ ‫ َو‬.ُ‫ َآ‬Aْ ‫ َأ‬W
ُ ‫ُ ا‬e َ‫ْ و‬Aَ ‫ُا‬J^
َ َ%َ ْ‫َوَأن‬
(It pleases Allah for you to acquire three qualities and displeases Him that you acquire three
characteristics. It pleases Him that you worship Him Alone and not associate anything or
anyone with Him in worship, that you hold on to the Rope of Allah altogether and do not
divide, and that you advise whoever Allah appoints as your Leader. The three that displease
Him are that you say, `It was said,' and, `So-and-so said,' asking many unnecessary questions
and wasting money.)
Allah said, 
ً‫َا‬O
ْ ‫ ِإ‬Lِ ِ َ Cْ %ِ ِ ُJ
ْ Bَ ْ^?َDَ ْVُ ِ ُ"ُ0 
َ ْ َ ]
َ َ?Dَ ‫ ًء‬nَ#
ْ ‫ُ َأ‬%ُ‫ْ ِإذْ آ‬Vُ ْ َ"#
َ Lِ " ‫ ا‬.َ َ Cْ ِ ْ‫وَاذْ ُآُوا‬
(and remember Allah's favor on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your
hearts together, so that, by His grace, you became brethren) 3:103.
This was revealed about the Aws and Khazraj. During the time of Jahiliyyah, the Aws and
Khazraj were at war and had great hatred, enmity and ill feelings towards each other, causing
long conflicts and battles to occur between them. When Allah brought Islam, those among
them who embraced it became brothers who loved each other by Allah's grace, having good
ties for Allah's sake and helping each other in righteousness and piety. Allah said, 
ْ5ُ َ%ْ َ ]
َ ‫ َأ‬Lَ " ‫ ا‬Vِ ‫ْ وَ َـ‬5ِ ِ ُ"ُ0 
َ ْ َ R
َ ْ ‫€ َأ‬A ًCِ G
َ ‫ض‬
ِ ْ‫ِ! ا[”ر‬D َA R
َ َْ َ‫ْ َ ْ أ‬5ِ ِ ُ"ُ0 
َ ْ َ ]
َ ‫ ََأ‬%َ ِ%Aِ ْE ُ ْ ِ‫ِ َو‬eِ ْ%َ ِ َ‫ َك‬8 ‫ِى َأ‬- ‫هُ َ ا‬
(He it is Who has supported you with His Help and with the believers. And He has united their
hearts. If you had spent all that is in the earth, you could not have united their hearts, but
Allah has united them)8:62,63, until the end of the Ayah. Before Islam, their disbelief had
them standing at the edge of a pit of the Fire, but Allah saved them from it and delivered them
to faith. The Messenger of Allah reminded the Ansar from both Aws and Khazraj of this
bounty when he was dividing the war booty of Hunayn. During that time, some Ansar did not
like the way the booty was divided, since they did not get what the others did, although that
was what Allah directed His Prophet to do. The Messenger of Allah gave them a speech, in
which he said,
«‫ ِ)؟‬W
ُ ‫َ ُآ ُ ا‬%r
ْ ?َDَ .ً ََ#‫ َو‬،)ِ W
ُ ‫ ُ ا‬Vُ َ  ?ََD 
َ ِ0َ َ Aُ ُْ %ْ ‫ َو ُآ‬،)ِ W
ُ ‫َاآُ ُ ا‬5َ َD ً "d
ُ ْ‫ْ ُآ‬G
ِ ‫` َ ا َْ? َْرِ َأَ ْ َأ‬
َ Cْ Aَ َ8»
(O Ansar! Did I not find you misguided and Allah directed you to guidance because of me
Were you not divided beforehand and Allah united you around me Were you not poor and
Allah enriched you because of me)
Whenever the Prophet asked them a question, they would answer, "Indeed, Allah and His
Messenger have granted us bounty.''
104

Allah said, 
ٌ.A ‫ْ ُأ‬Vُ %ْ A ُVَ ْ َ‫و‬
(Let there arise out of you a group of people)
that calls to righteousness, enjoins all that is good and forbids evil in the manner Allah
commanded, 
َ‫ُن‬J"ِْ ُ ْ ‫ ُه ُ ا‬Z
َ ِ ‫ َوُأوْ َـ‬
(And it is they who are the successful.)
Ad-Dahhak said, "They are a special group of the Companions and a special group of those
after them, that is those who perform Jihad and the scholars.''
The objective of this Ayah is that there should be a segment of this Muslim Ummah fulfilling
this task, even though it is also an obligation on every member of this Ummah, each according
to his ability. Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«‫ َن‬8ِf ْ ‫] ا‬
ُ Cَ d
ْ ‫ َأ‬Z
َ ِ‫ وَذ‬،ِLBِ ْ"َBِ َD Iِhَ

ْ 8َ ْ َ ْ‫ن‬fَِD ،ِLِ َ
"ِBِ َD ْIh
ِ َ

ْ 8َ ْ َ ْ‫ن‬fَِD ،ِeِ َ ِ ُeْ َ/ُ ْ"Dَ ‫ًا‬Vَ %ْ Aُ ْVُ %ْ Aِ ‫ْ َرأَى‬Aَ »
(Whoever among you witnesses an evil, let him change it with his hand. If he is unable, then
let him change it with his tongue. If he is unable, then let him change it with his heart, and this
is the weakest faith.) In another narration, The Prophet said,
«‫ْدَل‬O
َ .ُ B =
َ ِ‫ َن‬8ِf ْ ‫َ ا‬Aِ Z
َ َِ‫{ وَرَا َء ذ‬
َ ْ َ‫» َو‬
(There is no faith beyond that, not even the weight of a mustard seed.)
Imam Ahmad recorded that Hudhayfah bin Al-Yaman said that the Prophet said, 
َ"Dَ Lُ ‫ــ‬%ُ#َْ  ُQ ،ِeِ %ْ #
ِ ْAِ ًَ#
ِ ْVُ ْ "ََ# o
َ َCBْ 8َ ْ‫ َأن‬W
ُ ‫ ا‬Vَ X
ِ ُ َ ْ‫ َأو‬،ِVَ %ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ ‫ ُن‬5َ %ْ َ ََ‫ و‬،ِ‫ُْوف‬C َ ْ ِ ‫ن‬
 ُ ُA?ْ َ َ ،eَِِ )ِ
َْ ‫ِي‬- ‫»وَا‬
«ُV َ (
َ ِ6َ ْ

(By He in Whose Hand is my soul! You will enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, or Allah shall
send down a punishment from Him to you. Then, you will supplicate to Him, but He will not
accept your supplication.)
At-Tirmidhi also collected this Hadith and said, "Hasan''. There are many other Hadiths and
Ayat on this subject, which will be explained later

105

14. QS Al Imran 3:57

-
َ ِ "ِ‫ـ‬Y ‫( ا‬
‚ J
ِ 8ُ [َ ُL" ‫ُ َر ُهْ وَا‬G‫ْ ُأ‬5ِ Dَ ُ َD ‫ت‬
ِ َJ"ِ‫ ِ "ُاْ ا ـ‬#
َ ‫ُا َو‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫ ا‬A‫َوَأ‬
3:57. Adapun orang-orang yang beriman dan mengerjakan amal-amal saleh, maka Allah
akan memberikan kepada mereka dengan sempurna pahala amalan-amalan mereka; dan
Allah tidak menyukai orang-orang yang lalim.
(57. And as for those who believe and do righteous good deeds, Allah will pay them their
reward in full. And Allah does not like the wrongdoers.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
َِ ِ Y ‫( ا‬
‚ J
ِ 8ُ َ Lُ " ‫ُ َر ُهْ وَا‬G‫ْ ُأ‬5ِ Dَ ُ Dَ ‫ت‬
ِ َJ ِ ‫ ِ "ُا ا‬#
َ ‫ُا َو‬%َAn 
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬A‫َوَأ‬
" ‫ت‬%6  ‫ة‬Ox‫) ا‬D‫ و‬Y ‫ وا‬%   ‫) ا‬D ‫ة‬Ox‫) ا  وا‬D ‫ره " أي‬G‫ أ‬5DD ‫ت‬J  ‫ "ا ا‬#‫ا و‬%An 8- ‫ ا‬A‫وأ‬  
Y ‫( ا‬J8 [ W‫ ت " وا‬C ‫ " ا‬.
When Allah sent Muhammad , those who believed in him also believed in Allah, His Angels,
Books and Messengers in the correct manner. So they were the true followers of every Prophet
who came to earth. They believed in the unlettered Prophet , the Final Messenger and the
master of all mankind, who called them to believe in the truth in its entirety. This is why they
had more right to every Prophet than his own nation, especially those who claim to follow
their Prophet's way and religion, yet change and alter his religion. Furthermore, Allah
abrogated all the laws that were sent down to the Prophets with the Law He sent Muhammad
with, which consists of the true religion that shall never change or be altered until the
commencement of the Last Hour. Muhammad's religion shall always be dominant and
victorious over all other religions. This is why Allah allowed Muslims to conquer the eastern
and western parts of the world and the kingdoms of the earth. Furthermore, all countries
submitted to them; they demolished Kisra (king of Persia) and destroyed the Czar, ridding
them of their treasures and spending these treasures for Allah's sake. All this occurred just as
their Prophet told them it would, when he conveyed Allah's statement,
‫ِى‬- ‫ ُ ا‬5ُ %َ 8ِ‫ْ د‬5ُ َ 
 َ%Vّ َ ُ َ َ‫ْ و‬5ِ "ِْB0َ ِA 
َ 8ِ- ‫] ا‬
َ "َg
ْ َ @
ْ ‫ض َآ َ ا‬
ِ ْ‫ِ! ا[ْر‬D ْ5ُ % َ ِ"g
ْ َ

ْ َ َ ‫ت‬
ِ َJ"ِ‫ ِ "ُاْ ا ـ‬#
َ ‫ْ َو‬Vُ %ْ Aِ ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءا‬8ِ- ‫ ا‬Lُ " ‫ َ ا‬#
َ ‫ َو‬ 
ً ْ X
َ !ِ َ‫` ِآُن‬
ْ 8ُ [َ !ِ%َ ‫ُو‬Bُ Cْ 8َ ً%ْA‫ْ َأ‬5ِ ِDْO
َ ِ Cْ َ ّA ْ5ُ % َّ Bَ ُ َ‫ْ َو‬5ُ َ !َaَ‫ا ْر‬
(Allah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds, that He will
certainly grant them succession in the land, as He granted it to those before them, and that He
will grant them the authority to practice their religion which He has chosen for them. And He
will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they worship Me
and do not associate anything with Me.) 24:55.
Therefore, Muslims are the true believers in `Isa. The Muslims then acquired Ash-Sham from
the Christians, causing them to evacuate to Asia Minor, to their fortified city in
Constantinople. The Muslims will be above them until the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, he,
Muhammad , who is truthful and who received the true news, has conveyed to Muslims that
they will conquer Constantinople in the future, and seize its treasures.
106

Allah said, 
ُQ .ِ َ ‫ْ ِم ا ْ َِـ‬8َ !َ ‫َ َآ َُواْ ِإ‬8ِ- ‫ق ا‬
َ َْD ‫ك‬
َ ُCBَ ‫ ا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ُ; ا‬#
ِ َGَ‫َ َآَُواْ و‬8ِ- ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ك‬
َ ُ 5h
َ Aُ ‫ ِإَ ! َو‬Z
َ ُCِD‫ وَرَا‬Z
َ Dَ َAُ )‫ِ
َ! ِإ‬C8 Lُ " ‫َلَ ا‬0 ْ‫ِإذ‬ 
َ8ِ
ِ ‫ ـ‬A ْ5ُ َ َA‫ِ َ ِة َو‬O[” ‫ِ) ا ‚َْ وَا‬D ً‫ا‬8ِX
َ ً‫َا‬-#
َ ْ5ُ ُ- َ#?ُDَ ْ‫ َآَُوا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬A?َDَ - ‫ن‬
َ ُِ"َ g
ْ َ Lِ ِD ُْ %ُ‫ِ َ آ‬D ْVُ %َ َْ ُ ُV=
ْ ?َDَ ْVُ Cُ G
ِ ْAَ )
 َ‫ِإ‬
(And I will make those who follow you superior to those who disbelieve till the Day of
Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which
you used to dispute. As to those who disbelieve, I will punish them with a severe torment in
this world and in the Hereafter, and they will have no helpers.)
This is what Allah did to the Jews who disbelieved in `Isa and the Christians who went to the
extreme over him. Allah tormented them in this life; they were killed, captured, and lost their
wealth and kingdoms. Their torment in the Hereafter is even worse and more severe, 
ٍ‫ِ وَاق‬A Lِ " ‫ ا‬
َ A ُ5َ َA‫ َو‬
(And they have no Waq (defender or protector) against Allah) 13:34. 
ُ‫ُ َره‬G‫ْ ُأ‬5ِ Dَ ُ َD ‫ت‬
ِ َJ"ِ‫ ِ"ُاْ ا ـ‬#
َ ‫ُا َو‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬A‫ َوَأ‬
(And as for those who believe and do righteous good deeds, Allah will pay them their reward
in full) in this life, with victory and domination, and in the Hereafter, with Paradise and high
grades, 
َِ "ِ‫ـ‬Y ‫( ا‬
‚ ِJ8ُ [َ Lُ " ‫وَا‬
(And Allah does not like the wrongdoers.)

107

15. QS A N - N I S A ' 4:13

L" ‫‡ِ ا‬Cْ 8َ َA‫ َو‬- ُ ِYCَ ْ ‫ ا ْ َْ ُز ا‬Z
َ ِ‫َ وَذ‬5ِD َ8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O ُ‫َـ‬5ْ[” ‫َ ا‬5ِْJَ ِA ‫ِْى‬6َ R
ٍ ‫ـ‬%G
َ Lُ "ْ ِOْ8ُ Lُ َُ@‫ وَ َر‬Lَ " ‫ ا‬Iِ h
ِ 8ُ َA‫ َو‬Lِ " ‫=ُودُ ا‬
ُ Z
َ "ْ ِ  
ٌِ5A‚ ٌ‫َاب‬-#
َ Lُ َ‫َ َو‬5ِD ‫َـ"ًِا‬O ‫ َرًا‬Lُ "ْ O
ِ ْ8ُ ُe‫=ُو َد‬
ُ  Cَ َ 8َ ‫ َو‬Lُ َُ@‫َو َر‬
4:13. (Hukum-hukum tersebut) itu adalah ketentuan-ketentuan dari Allah. Barang siapa taat
kepada Allah dan Rasul-Nya, niscaya Allah memasukkannya ke dalam surga yang mengalir
di dalamnya sungai-sungai, sedang mereka kekal di dalamnya; dan itulah kemenangan yang
besar.
4:14. Dan barang siapa yang mendurhakai Allah dan Rasul-Nya dan melanggar ketentuanketentuan-Nya, niscaya Allah memasukkannya ke dalam api neraka sedang ia kekal di
dalamnya; dan baginya siksa yang menghinakan.
(13. These are the limits (set by) Allah, and whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, will be
admitted to Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise), to abide therein, and is the great
success.)
(14. And whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, and transgresses His (set) limits, He
will cast him into the Fire, to abide therein; and he shall suffer a disgraceful torment.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
Meaning, the Fara'id are Allah's set limits. This includes what Allah has alloted for the heirs,
according to the degree of relation they have to the deceased, and their degree of dependency
on him. Therefore, do not transgress or violate them. So Allah said; 
ُL َُ@‫ َو َر‬Lَ " ‫ ا‬Iِ ِh8ُ َA‫ َو‬
(And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger,) regarding the inheritance, and does not add
or decrease any of these fixed shares by use of tricks and plots. Rather, he gives each his
appointed share as Allah commanded, ordained and decided,
L" ‫‡ِ ا‬Cْ 8َ َA‫ َو‬- ُ ِYCَ ْ ‫ ا ْ َْ ُز ا‬Z
َ ِ‫َ وَذ‬5ِD َ8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O ُ‫َـ‬5ْ[” ‫َ ا‬5ِْJَ ِA ‫ِْى‬6َ R
ٍ ‫ـ‬%G
َ Lُ "ْ ِOْ8ُ Lُ َُ@‫ وَ َر‬Lَ " ‫ ا‬Iِ h
ِ 8ُ َA‫ َو‬Lِ " ‫=ُودُ ا‬
ُ Z
َ "ْ ِ  
ٌِ5A‚ ٌ‫َاب‬-#
َ Lُ َ‫َ َو‬5ِD ‫َـ"ًِا‬O ‫ َرًا‬Lُ "ْ O
ِ ْ8ُ ُe‫=ُو َد‬
ُ  Cَ َ 8َ ‫ َو‬Lُ َُ@‫َو َر‬
(Will be admitted to Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise), to abide therein, and is
the great success. And whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, and transgresses His (set)
limits, He will cast him into the Fire, to abide therein; and he shall have a disgraceful
torment.) This is because he changed what Allah has ordained and disputed with His
judgment. Indeed, this is the behavior of those who do not agree with what Allah has decided
and divided, and this is why Allah punishes them with humiliation in the eternal, painful
torment. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that, the Messenger of Allah said,
;َ Cْ َ َ ;َ G
ُ  ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ َوِإ‬،َ‫ر‬% ‫;ُ ا‬O
ُ َْ َD ،ِL"ِ َ #
َ  َ`ِ Lُ َ ُ َ g
ْ ُ َD ،ِLِ ^
ِ ‫ِ) َو‬D ‫ف‬
َ َ= !َ^ْ‫ذَا َأو‬fَِD ،ً.%َ @
َ َِCْB@
َ ِْg
َ ْ ‫ َ ِ; َأ ْه;ِ ا‬Cَ ِ ;ُ َ Cْ َ َ ;َ ُG ‫ن ا‬
 ‫»ِإ‬
«.%6
َ ْ ‫ُ ُ; ا‬Oَْ َD Lِ "ِ َ #
َ ِْ g
َ ِ Lُ َ ُ َ ْgُ َD Lِ ِ  ^
ِ ‫ِ) َو‬D ‫ ِ ُل‬Cْ َ َD ،ً.%َ @
َ َِCBْ @
َ `
 ‫ َ ِ; َأ ْه ِ; ا‬Cَ ِ

108

(A man might perform the actions of righteous people for seventy years, but when it is time to
compile his will, he commits injustice. So his final work will be his worst, and he thus enters
the Fire. A man might perform the deeds of evil people for seventy years, yet he is fair in his
will. So his final work will be his best, and he thus enters Paradise.) Abu Hurayrah said,
"Read, if you will, 
ِL" ‫=ُودُ ا‬
ُ َZ"ْ ِ
(These are the limits (set by) Allah) until, 
ٌِ5A‚ ٌ‫َاب‬-#
َ
(a disgraceful torment.).'' In the chapter on injustice in the will, Abu Dawud recorded in his
Sunan that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«‫ر‬% ‫ َ ا‬5ُ َ (
ُ ِ6َ Dَ ،ِ.‫^ـ‬
ِ َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D ‫ن‬
ِ ‫َرا‬aُ َD ،ُ‫ُ ُ ُه َ ا ْ َ ْت‬aJ
ْ 8َ  Qُ ،ً.%َ @
َ 
َ @
ِ W
ِ ‫ ا‬.ِ #
َ َhِ َ‫ َ ُ; َأ ِو ا ْ َ َْأة‬Cْ ََ ;َ G
ُ  ‫»ِإن ا‬
(A man or a woman might perform actions in obedience to Allah for sixty years. Yet, when
they are near death, they leave an unfair will and thus acquire the Fire.) Abu Hurayrah then
recited the Ayah, 
™‫َ€ر‬aAُ َ ْ r
َ 
ٍ 8ْ َ‫َ€ َأوْ د‬5ِ !َ^ُ8 .ٍ ^
ِ ‫ِ َو‬Cْ َ ِA
(After payment of legacies he (or she) may have bequeathed or debts, so that no loss is
caused), until, 
ُِYCَ ْ ‫ ا ْ َْ ُز ا‬Z
َ ِ‫وَذ‬
(and that is the great success.) This was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah, and AtTirmidhi said, "Hasan Gharib''

109

16. QS An Nisa 4:39
-  ِ"َ# ِ5ِ Lُ " ‫ن ا‬
َ َ‫ َوآ‬Lُ " ‫ُ ُ ا‬5َ0‫  َر َز‬Aِ ْ‫ِ َوأََُا‬O
ِ [” ‫ وَا ْ َ ْمِ ا‬Lِ " ِ ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫ْ َْ ءَا‬5ِ ْ "ََ# ‫َذَا‬A‫َو‬
4:39. Apakah kemudaratannya bagi mereka, kalau mereka beriman kepada Allah dan hari
kemudian dan menafkahkan sebahagian rezeki yang telah diberikan Allah kepada mereka?
Dan adalah Allah Maha Mengetahui keadaan mereka.
(39. And what loss have they if they had believed in Allah and in the Last Day, and they spend
out of what Allah has given them for 
‫ 
ا آ‬ 
ً ِ"#
َ ْ5ِ ِ Lُ " ‫ن ا‬
َ َ‫ َوآ‬Lُ " ‫ُ ا‬5ُ َ0‫  َر َز‬Aِ ‫ِ ِ َوَأ ْ َُا‬O€ْ ‫ِ وَا ْ َْ ِم ا‬L" ِ ‫ُا‬%َAn َْ ْ5ِ ْ "َ#
َ ‫َذَا‬A‫َو‬
W ‫ا‬%An  ‫ه‬a8 ‫)ء‬X ‫ أي وأي‬. .8x‫ " ا‬W‫ ا‬50‫  رز‬A ‫ وأا‬Ox‫ وا م ا‬W ‫ا‬%An  5"# ‫ذا‬A‫ ! " و‬C ‫ل‬0 Q
‫ وأا‬L" # 
J8  ‫ة‬Ox‫) ا ار ا‬D e‫د‬#A ‫ء‬G‫ ر‬W ‫ ن‬8U‫ص وا‬TOU‫ء إ ! ا‬8 ‫ ا‬# ‫ ا‬#‫ ة و‬J ‫ ا‬c8h ‫ا ا‬V"@‫و‬
‫ وا @ة‬.J  ‫ ا‬5% "# ‫"  " أي وه‬# 5 W‫ " وآن ا‬L 0‫ه و‬d8‫ و‬W‫ ا‬5BJ8 ) ‫ ا‬eG ‫) ا‬D " W‫ ا‬50‫  رز‬A 
# ‫د‬h ‫[ن وا‬-g ‫ ا‬cJ
8  ‫ و‬L%# L !d8 K ^ "C La8‫ و‬eX‫ ر‬L 5"8‫ و‬LDD 5%A cD ‫ ا‬cJ
8   "#‫و‬
Z ‫ ذ‬A W ‫ذا‬# ‫ة‬Ox‫) ا  وا‬D 
O‫ب و‬O D L # ‫د‬m A ‫ي‬- ‫) ا‬5 U‫ ا‬Y#M‫ ا‬L%G .
Allah then said, 
ُL" ‫ ُ ا‬5ُ 0َ َ‫  َرز‬Aِ ْ‫ِ ِ َوأََُا‬O[” ‫ وَا ْ َْ ِم ا‬Lِ " ِ ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫ْ َ ْ ءَا‬5ِ ْ َ"#
َ ‫َذَا‬A‫ َو‬
(And what loss have they if they had believed in Allah and in the Last Day, and they spend out
of what Allah has given them for sustenance) This Ayah means, what harm would it cause
them if they believe in Allah, go on the righteous path, replace showing off with sincerity, have
faith in Allah, and await His promise in the Hereafter, for those who do good and spend what
He has given them on what He likes and is pleased with. Allah's statement: 
ً ِ"َ# ِ5ِ Lُ " ‫ َوآَنَ ا‬
(And Allah is Ever All-Knower of them.) means, He has perfect knowledge of their intentions,
whether good or evil. Indeed, Allah knows those who deserve success, and He grants them
success and guidance, directing them to perform righteous actions that will earn them His
pleasure. He also knows those who deserve failure and expulsion from His great mercy, which
amounts to utter failure in this life and the Hereafter for them, we seek refuge in Allah from
this evil end

110

17. QS An Nisa 4:66-70 
ُ5  ‫ًَْا‬O ‫ن‬
َ َV َ Lِ ِ َ‫ُن‬Y#
َ ُ8 َA ْ‫"ُا‬Cَ Dَ ْ5ُ  ‫ْ َو َْ َأ‬5ُ %ْ A ٌ;ِ"َ0 [ ‫ُ ِإ‬eُ"َCDَ A ْ‫َـ ِ ُآ‬8ِ‫ِ د‬A ْ‫ُا‬Gُ ْO‫ْ َأ ِو ا‬Vُ

َ َُ‫ُ"ُاْ أ‬0ْ ‫ن ا‬
ِ ‫ْ َأ‬5ِ ْ "ََ# َ%Bْ َ‫وََ ْ َأ َآ‬ 
ِBَْ  X
َ ‫َوَأ‬ 
ً ِYَ# ‫ًْا‬G‫  ُـ€ َأ‬A ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%ْ َ [ّ ‫ َوإِذًا‬ً َِ

ْ A‚ ًmَِ^ ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%8ْ َ 5َ َ ‫ َو‬ًِD‫َ َر‬Zِ ‫ 
َ أُو َـ‬
ُ َ=‫ َو‬
َ ِJ"ِ‫ ِء وَا ـ‬nَ5َ `
‚ ‫ وَا‬
َ ِ8 
‫َ وَا‬Bِ % ‫ ا‬
َ A ِ5ْ "َ#
َ Lُ " ‫ َ ا‬Cَ ْ ‫ َأ‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬Iَ Aَ Z
َ ِ ‫?ُوْ َـ‬Dَ ‫ وَا @ُ َل‬Lَ " ‫ ا‬Iِ ِh8ُ َA‫ َو‬-  ِ"#
َ Lِ " ِ !ََ‫ َوآ‬Lِ " ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ;ُ a
ْ َ ْ ‫َ ا‬Z ِ‫ ذ‬
4:66. Dan sesungguhnya kalau Kami perintahkan kepada mereka: "Bunuhlah dirimu atau
keluarlah kamu dari kampungmu", niscaya mereka tidak akan melakukannya, kecuali
sebagian kecil dari mereka. Dan sesungguhnya kalau mereka melaksanakan pelajaran yang
diberikan kepada mereka, tentulah hal yang demikian itu lebih baik bagi mereka dan lebih
menguatkan (iman mereka),
4:67. dan kalau demikian, pasti Kami berikan kepada mereka pahala yang besar dari sisi
Kami,
4:68. dan pasti Kami tunjuki mereka kepada jalan yang lurus.
4:69. Dan barang siapa yang menaati Allah dan Rasul (Nya), mereka itu akan bersama-sama
dengan orang-orang yang dianugerahi nikmat oleh Allah, yaitu: Nabi-nabi, para shiddiiqiin,
orang-orang yang mati syahid dan orang-orang saleh. Dan mereka itulah teman yang sebaikbaiknya.
4:70. Yang demikian itu adalah karunia dari Allah, dan Allah cukup mengetahui.
(66. And if We had ordered them (saying), "Kill yourselves (i.e. the innnocent ones kill the
guilty ones) or leave your homes,'' very few of them would have done it; but if they had done
what they were told, it would have been better for them, and would have strengthened their
conviction;)
(67. And indeed We would then have bestowed upon them a great reward from Ourselves.)
(68. And indeed We would have guided them to the straight way.)
(69. And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, then they will be in the company of those on
whom Allah has bestowed His grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqin, the martyrs, and the
righteous. And how excellent these companions are!)
(70. Such is the bounty from Allah, and Allah is sufficient as All-Knower.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬ 
ُ5 َ ‫ًْا‬O
َ ‫ن‬
َ َV َ Lِ ِ ‫ن‬
َ ُY#
َ ُ8 َA ‫"ُا‬Cَ Dَ ْ5ُ ‫ْ َو َْ َأ‬5ُ %ْ Aِ ٌ;ِ"0َ  ‫ُ ِإ‬eُ"َCDَ َA ْ‫َ ِر ُآ‬8ِ‫ د‬
ْ Aِ ‫ُا‬Gُ ْO‫ْ َأوِ ا‬Vُ

َ ُْ ‫ُ"ُا َأ‬0ْ ‫ن ا‬
ِ ‫ْ َأ‬5ِ ْ "ََ# َ%Bْ ََ‫وََ ْ َأ آ‬ 
ًِBَْ  X
َ ‫َوَأ‬ 
AM‫ ا‬. gA !"# . B6A . 8‫ ا د‬5#Bm ‫ن‬M e"CD  )‫ه‬% ‫ ا‬A LBVA ‫وا   ه‬A‫  أ‬5‫س أ‬% ‫ أآ ا‬# ! C Bg8
.8x‫ " ا‬V 
‫"ا أ‬0‫ أن ا‬5"# %B‫ ! " و  أ آ‬C ‫ل‬0 ‫ا‬-5 ‫ن و‬V8 ‫] آن‬VD ‫ أو آن‬V8    ! C‫رك و‬B L "# A ‫ا‬-‫وه‬
111

‫‪0‬ل ا ‪ )%Q= : 8G‬ا ‪ )%Q= !%‬إ@‪J‬ق ا‪M‬زه ‪ #‬إ@ ‪ # ;#‬أ) إ@‪J‬ق ا
‪0 )CB‬ل ‪ " R 2  :‬و  أ آ‪5"# %B‬‬
‫أن ا‪"0‬ا أ
‪ " V‬ا‪0 .8x‬ل ر‪  : ;G‬أ‪ %"C A‬وا ‪ W  J‬ا ‪-‬ي ‪ ˆ"BD D#‬ذ ‪ Z‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D‬ل ‪ " :‬إن ‪A‬‬
‫أ‪ [G )A‬ا‪ 8U‬ن أ‪ A 5"0 )D RBQ‬ا ‪B6‬ل ا وا@) " و‪0‬ل ا أ) = ‪ %Q= %A  CG %Q= :‬روح =‪ %Q‬ه`م ‪#‬‬
‫ا ‪%@f 
J‬د‪ # e‬ا‪0 w #M‬ل ‪ " R 2  :‬و  أ آ‪ 5"# %B‬أن ا‪"0‬ا أ
‪ " V‬ا‪0 . .8x‬ل أس ‪ A‬أ^‪J‬ب ا ‪!"^ )B%‬‬
‫ا‪ L"# W‬و@"  ‪ ;CD‬ر‪ ˆ"BD %"C %‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D‬ل " ‪ 8H‬ن أ‪"0 )D RBQ‬ب أه"‪ A L‬ا ‪B6‬ل ا وا@) " و‪0‬ل‬
‫ا 
ي ‪ :‬ا‪ X  {0  RQ gD‬س ور‪ A ;G‬ا ‪5‬د ‪D‬ل ا ‪5‬دي وا‪  W‬آ( ا‪ %"# W‬ا ; ‪ %"D‬أ
‪D %‬ل ‪" RQ‬‬
‫وا‪  W‬آ( ‪ %"#‬أن ا‪"0‬ا أ
‪2?D "%"C V‬ل ا‪ W‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ .8x‬روا‪ e‬ا أ) = ‪ %Q= .‬أ) =‪ JA %Q‬د  ‪Tr‬ن =‪%Q‬‬
‫`  ا 
ي =‪ B#  A# L # # RQ  (CA %Q‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪0 2‬ل ‪ " R 2  :‬و  أ آ‪ 5"# %B‬أن ا‪"0‬ا‬
‫أ
‪ V‬أو ا‪GO‬ا ‪ A‬د‪8‬رآ " ‪ e"CD A‬إ[ ‪0 5%A ;"0‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" "  ‪V R 2‬ن ا أم ‪" 5%A B#‬‬
‫و=‪ %Q‬أ) =‪ %Q‬أ ا  ن =‪ %Q‬إ@ ‪#  ;#‬ش ‪^ #‬ان  ‪ #‬و ‪0 B#  K8X #‬ل ‪ T  :‬ر@ل ا‪!"^ W‬‬
‫ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ه‪ e-‬ا‪ " .8x‬و  أ آ‪ 5"# %B‬أن ا‪"0‬ا أ
‪ "V‬ا‪ .8x‬أ‪X‬ر ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ e‬إ ! ‪ B#‬ا‪W‬‬
‫ روا=‪D .‬ل "  أن ا‪ W‬آ( ذ ‪V Z‬ن ه‪-‬ا ‪ A‬أو ‪ Z‬ا "; " ‪ )%C8‬ا روا=‪ .‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬و  أ‪"CD 5‬ا ‪A‬‬
‫‪Y#8‬ن ‪ L‬أي و  أ‪"CD 5‬ا ‪AE8 A‬ون ‪ L‬وآا ‪5%8 A‬ن ‪V L%#‬ن ‪O‬ا ‪ 5‬أي ‪ . gA A‬ا‪ AM‬وار‪V‬ب ا ‪ " )5%‬وأ‪X‬‬
‫‪0 " B .‬ل ا 
ي ‪ :‬أي وأ‪8 X‬‬
‫‪ً ِY#‬‬
‫َوِإذًا َ€ َْ‪ُ َ%‬هْ ِ‪َ ُ َ ْA‬أ‪ًْG‬ا َ‬
‫‪ .‬وإذا ‪%x‬ه ‪  A‬أي ‪ %# A‬أ‪G‬ا ‪ )%C8  Y#‬ا ‪.%6‬‬

َِ ً‬
‫^َا‪ْ Aُ ًm‬‬
‫َو َ َ‪ُ َ%8ْ َ 5‬هْ ِ‬
‫‪ .‬أي ‪ )D‬ا  وا‪Ox‬ة‬
‫ أُو َ ِ‪َ َZ‬ر‪ًِD‬‬

َ‬
‫=ُ‬
‫` َ‪َ5‬ا ِء وَا ِ ‪َ َِJ‬و َ‬
‫‪ َِ8‬وَا ‚‬
‫ وَا ‬
‫ ا ‪َ ِB%‬‬
‫‪َ Aِ ْ5ِ ْ َ"#‬‬
‫‪ Iَ Aَ Z‬ا ‪َ َ8ِ-‬أ ْ َ‪ َC‬ا " ُ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ Iِ h‬ا " َ‪ L‬وَا @ُ َل َ‪ُ?D‬و َ ِ َ‬
‫َو َ‪ِ 8ُ ْA‬‬
‫‪0 Q‬ل ‪ ! C‬أي ‪   ; # A‬أ‪ eA‬ا‪ L W‬ور@ ‪ L‬وك ‪ e5 A‬ا‪ L%# W‬ور@ ‪fD L‬ن ا‪ 2# W‬و‪ L%V
8 ;G‬دار آا‪ LA‬و‪L"C68‬‬
‫‪A‬ا‪B’ D‬ء ‪C  Q‬ه ‪ )D‬ا ‪ .B‬وه ا ‪8‬ن ‪ Q‬ا `‪5‬اء ‪ # Q‬م ا ‪ %AE‬وه ا  ‪J‬ن ا ‪@ RJ"^ 8-‬ا<ه‬
‫و‪ Q 5T#‬أ‪D ! C 5"# !%Q‬ل و= 
أو ‪ Z‬ر‪ . D‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪gB‬ري ‪ B#   JA %Q= :‬ا‪ %Q= (X=  W‬إاه ‬
‫@‪ # C‬أ‪# # L‬وة ‪ RC @ : R 0 .`<# #‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل " ‪ 8 )B A A‬ض إ[ ‪  O‬ا ‬
‫وا‪Ox‬ة " وآن ‪VX )D‬ا‪ e‬ا ) ‪ 5D ‰B0‬أ‪8X .J L-O‬ة ‪8 LC
D‬ل " ‪ IA‬ا ‪ 8-‬أ‪ C‬ا‪ A 5"# W‬ا ‪ B%‬وا ‪8‬‬
‫وا `‪5‬اء وا  ‪ R "CD " J‬أ‪ O L‬وآ‪-‬ا روا‪  C@ # .BCX o8= A "
A e‬إاه ‪ L‬وه‪-‬ا ‪ !"^ L 0 !%CA‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪ )D‬ا ‪ o8J‬ا‪ " Ox‬ا "‪ 5‬ا ‪ cD‬ا‪ L"# !a0 Q QTQ " !"#M‬أ‪ ;aD‬ا ‪T‬ة وا 
" ‪ " .‬ذآ @‪2 (B‬ول ه‪ e-‬ا‪.8x‬‬
‫ا ‪0 " . 8V‬ل ا ‪ %Q= : 8G‬ا =  =‪C8 %Q‬ب ا  ) ‪  CG #‬أ) ا ‪/‬ة ‪0 BG  C@ #‬ل ‪G :‬ء ر‪A ;G‬‬
‫ا‪M‬ر إ ! ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" وه ‪2JA‬ون ‪D‬ل ‪ L‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪TD 8‬ن ‪ ) A‬أراك ‪2JA‬و "‬
‫‪D‬ل ‪ )B 8‬ا‪)X W‬ء ‪VD‬ت ‪D LD‬ل ‪ A‬ه ؟ ‪0‬ل ‪/ J‬و ‪ Z"#‬ووح ‪ Y%‬إ ! و‪ Z5G‬و‪ Z 
6‬و‪r‬ا ‪ IA ID‬ا ‪TD B%‬‬
‫; إ ‪8 "D Z‬د ‪ L"#‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ e-5 ;8BG e?D  X‬ا‪ " .8x‬و‪ Ih8 A‬ا‪ W‬وا @ل ‪?D‬و ‪ IA Z‬ا ‪ 8-‬أ‪C‬‬
‫ا‪ A 5"# W‬ا ‪ " B%‬ا‪ oCBD .8x‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ . e`BD‬و‪ 0‬روي ه‪-‬ا ا‪
A # T@A QM‬وق و‪.AV# #‬‬
‫و‪ A#‬ا `‪ )BC‬و‪0‬دة و‪ #‬ا ‪  I‬أ{ وه ‪ A‬أ=
‪%@ 5%‬ا ‪0‬ل ا ‪ %Q= : 8G‬ا ‪ %Q= !%‬ا أ) ‪ # CG‬أ‪# L‬‬
‫ا ‪ L 0 I‬و‪ Ih8 A‬ا‪ W‬وا @ل ا‪0 .8x‬ل ‪ :‬إن أ^‪J‬ب ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ 0‬ا ‪ % "# 0 :‬أن ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪ )D L An A !"# ;aD L‬در‪G‬ت ا ‪  A .%6‬ا‪ LCB‬و^‪ L0‬وآ] ‪ 5‬إذا ا‪C G‬ا ‪ )D‬ا ‪ .%6‬أن ‪8‬ى ‪2?D aC 5aC‬ل‬
‫ا‪ )D W‬ذ ‪ )%C8 Z‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪D .8x‬ل ‪ )%C8‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " إن ا‪J%8 "#M‬رون إ ! ‪ A‬ه أ@; ‪C 6D 5%A‬ن‬
‫‪ )D‬ر‪8‬ض ‪-D‬آون ‪ A‬أ‪ C‬ا‪ 5"# W‬و‪%8‬ن ‪ L"#‬و‪2%8‬ل ‪ 5‬أه; ا ر‪G‬ت ‪C 
D‬ن ‪5`8   5"#‬ن و‪#8 A‬ن ‪)D 5D L‬‬
‫رو‪BJ8 .d‬ون و‪ C%8‬ن ‪ " LD‬و‪ 0‬روي ‪ A #DA‬و‪D On LG‬ل أ ‪A  V‬دو‪ B# %Q= : L8‬ا =  ‪"
A   JA‬‬
‫=‪ %Q‬إ@ ‪  ;#‬أ=   أ@ =‪ B# %Q‬ا‪ #  W‬ان =‪#  ;aD %Q‬ض ‪%A #‬ر ‪ #‬إاه ‪ #‬ا‪@M‬د ‪#‬‬
‫‪G R 0 .`<#‬ء ر‪ ;G‬إ ! ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D‬ل ‪ 8 :‬ر@ل ا‪ : W‬إ‪ (=M Z‬إ ) ‪ ) 
A‬وأ=( إ ) ‪ A‬أه") وأ=(‬
‫إ ) ‪ A‬و ي وإ) ‪M‬آن ‪ )D‬ا ‪?D RB‬ذآك ‪  D‬أ^‪ Y?D Zn != B‬إ ‪ Z‬وإذا ذآت ‪ )A‬و‪ RD# ZA‬أ‪ Z‬إذا د‪ R"O‬ا ‪.%6‬‬
‫ر‪ IA RCD‬ا ‪ B%‬وإن د‪ R"O‬ا ‪ R`O .%6‬أن [ أراك ‪8 "D‬د ‪ L"#‬ا ‪ L"# R 2 != !"^ )B%‬و‪ Ih8 A‬ا‪ W‬وا @ل ‪?D‬و ‪IA Z‬‬
‫ا ‪ 8-‬أ‪ C‬ا‪ A 5"# W‬ا ‪ B%‬وا ‪ 8‬وا `‪5‬اء وا  ‪ J‬و= 
أو ‪ Z‬ر‪ D‬وه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬ا ‪ vDJ‬أ ‪ B#‬ا‪ W‬ا @)‬
‫‪ )D‬آ‪ .^ )D L‬ا ‪ c8m A .%6‬ا ‪Bh‬ا) ‪ #‬أ=   ‪ #‬و  ‪ "
A‬ا ‪Tg‬ل ‪ B# #‬ا‪ #  W‬ان ا ‪C‬ي ‪0 Q L‬ل ‪[ :‬‬
‫أرى ‪%@f‬د‪ @? e‬وا‪ W‬أ‪ ."#‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪A‬دو‪ L8‬أ‪ "@ %Q= : a8‬ن  أ=  =‪ %Q‬ا ‪BC‬س  ا ‪ ;a‬ا‪ %Q= )m@U‬أ ‪V‬‬
‫‪112‬‬

!‫ أ‬TG‫س أن ر‬B# ‫ ا‬# )BC` ‫ ا‬A# # (<
‫ء  ا‬h# # W‫ ا‬B#   O %Q= ‫ي‬B ‫س ا‬B# ‫ ا‬# RQ 
)D ZCA ‫") وأ=( أن أآن‬# Z ‫ ذ‬c`D ‫ل‬2% ‫) ا‬D ‫ذآك‬M )‫ =! إ‬ZB=M )‫ إ‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : ‫ل‬D "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ا‬ 
8G #  = ‫ ا‬# 8G ‫ ا‬e‫ روا‬0‫ و‬. .8x‫ ا‬e-‫; ه‬G‫ و‬2# W‫ل ا‬2?D  X "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ ا‬L"# ‫د‬8 "D .G‫ا ر‬
. "@ )‫ أ‬# ‫!  أ) آ‬J8 # )#‫وزا‬M‫ ا‬# ‫د‬8‫;  ز‬# o8= A "
A KJ^ )D RBQ‫ و‬. T@A )BC` ‫ء ا‬h# #
‫ل‬D LG=‫ و‬L<d L?D "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ ا‬%# R‫ أ‬R%‫ آ‬: ‫ل‬0 L‫@" ) أ‬M‫( ا‬C‫  آ‬.C‫ ر‬#  = ‫ ا‬B# 
" ‫د‬6
‫ة ا‬V Z 
!"# )%#?D " ‫ل‬0 ‫ ه ذاك‬: R"0 Z ‫ ذ‬r ‫ل أو‬D .%6 ‫) ا‬D ZD‫ا‬A Z ?@‫ أ‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : R"D ;@ : )
‫ة‬A  ‫ و‬# # .J"m  ! 
# # CG )‫  أ‬W‫ ا‬B# # .C5 ‫ ا‬BO‫ق أ‬J@‫!  إ‬J8 %Q= :  =‫م أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0‫و‬
R"^‫ و‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬Z‫ وأ‬W‫ إ[ ا‬L ‫ت أن [ إ‬5X W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : ‫ل‬D "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫; إ ! ا‬G‫ء ر‬G : ‫ل‬0 )%56 ‫ا‬ 
B% ‫ ا‬IA ‫ آن‬Z ‫"! ذ‬# ‫ت‬A A " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬D ‫ن‬aA‫ ر‬5X R ^‫ ) و‬A ‫ زآة‬R8‫ { وأد‬g ‫ا‬ 
‫ أ‬%Q= : a8‫م أ=  أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0 .  =‫ أ‬L ‫ " د‬L8 ‫ وا‬cC8  A - LCB^‫ و( أ‬- ‫ا‬-V‫ ه‬.A ‫م ا‬8 ‫اء‬5` ‫ وا‬8 ‫وا‬ 
"@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ أن ر@ل ا‬L‫ أ‬# {‫ذ  أ‬CA  ;5@ # <0  ‫د‬8‫ ز‬# .C5 ‫ ا‬%Q= X‫ ! أ) ه‬A C@
‫ء‬X ‫ إن‬D‫ ر‬Z ‫ و= 
أو‬J  ‫اء وا‬5` ‫ وا‬8 ‫ وا‬B% ‫ ا‬IA .A ‫م ا‬8 (‫ آ‬W‫; ا‬B@ )D .8n ] ‫أ أ‬0 A " ‫ل‬0
W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 C@ )‫ أ‬# ‫ي‬B ‫ 
ا‬J ‫ ا‬# ‫ة‬2 = )‫ أ‬# ‫ @ن ا ري‬c8m A ‫ي‬-A ‫ " وروى ا‬W‫ا‬
LG ‫ا ا‬-‫ ه‬A [‫ إ‬LDC [ 
= o8= ‫ا‬-‫ ه‬: ‫ل‬0 Q " ‫اء‬5` ‫ وا‬8 ‫ وا‬B% ‫ ا‬IA AM‫ ا وق ا‬G ‫ و@" " ا‬L"#
‫ق‬m A  ‫ه‬r‫ وا 
و‬KJ ‫) ا‬D RBQ A ‫ `رة‬L"‫ا آ‬-‫ ه‬A Y#‫ وأ‬. ‫— ي‬X G  W‫ ا‬B# L @‫ة ا‬2 = ‫وأ‬
IA ‫ل " ا ء‬D 5 cJ"8  ‫( ا م و‬J8 ;G ‫ ا‬# ; @ "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ أن ر@ل ا‬.J ‫ ا‬A .# G # ‫اة‬A
W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫=( ر@ل ا‬M )‫ إ‬: ‫ل‬0 L‫ أ{ أ‬# .8‫) روا‬D‫ و‬. o8J ‫ا ا‬-5 5=D ‫ح ا
" ن‬D  D : {‫ل أ‬0 " (=‫ أ‬A 
# {‫  أ‬Z A ‫م‬AU‫ل ا‬0 . 5" C‫ ; آ‬#‫ وإن  أ‬5CA )%CB8 W‫ أن ا‬G‫  وأر‬5%# W‫) ا‬d‫  ر‬#‫ و‬V ‫ و@" وأ=( أ‬L"#
‫ اءون‬.%6 ‫ و@" " إن أه; ا‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 ‫ري‬g ‫ ا‬C@ )‫ أ‬# ‫ 
ر‬8  ‫ء‬h# # "@  ‫^ان‬
‫ ر@ل‬8 : ‫ ا‬0 " 5% A ;d ‫ب‬/ ‫ ا `ق أو ا‬A cDM‫) ا‬D / ‫آ( ا ري ا‬V ‫اءون ا‬8  ‫ آ‬50D A ‫ف‬/ ‫أه; ا‬ 
JJ ‫) ا‬D eGO‫ا ا @" " أ‬0^‫ و‬W ‫ا‬%An ‫ل‬G‫ ر‬e ) 
‫ي‬- ‫ل " "! وا‬0 ‫ه‬r 5/"B8 [ ‫ء‬BM‫زل ا‬%A Z" W‫ا‬
‫ة أن‬8‫ أ) ه‬# ‫ء‬h# # )"# ‫) ا‬%C8 ‫ل‬T‫ ه‬# K"D )BO‫ارة أ‬2D %Q=  =‫م أ‬AU‫ ا‬e‫
" وروا‬v" ‫ وا‬Z A o8= A
cDM‫) ا‬D / ‫آ( ا ري ا‬V ‫ ا‬- ‫ أو ون‬- ‫ آ  اءون‬.%6 ‫) ا‬D ‫ اءون‬.%6 ‫ل " إن أه; ا‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ر@ل ا‬ 
"@ ‫ا ا‬0^‫ و‬W ‫ا‬%An ‫ل‬G‫ ر‬e ) 
‫ي‬- ‫ل " "! وا‬0 ‫ن‬B% ‫ ا‬Z ‫ أو‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : ‫ ا‬0 " ‫ت‬G‫; ا ر‬d )D I h ‫ا‬
L 6CA )D )‫ا‬Bh ‫ أ ا @ ا‬vDJ ‫ل ا‬0‫ و‬. "#‫ أ‬W‫ري وا‬gB ‫ط ا‬X !"# o8J ‫ا ا‬-‫ ه‬: )@ ‫ء ا‬a ‫ ا‬vDJ ‫ل ا‬0 "
‫ء‬h# # .B# # ‫ب‬8‫ أ‬#  @  ]#  )"# %Q= )"^ ‫ ر ا‬#   JA %Q= 282C ‫ ا‬B#  )"# %Q= : BV ‫ا‬
" "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬L ‫ل‬D L ?
8 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ إ ! ر@ل ا‬.`BJ ‫ ا‬A ;G‫ أ! ر‬: ‫ل‬0  # ‫ ا‬#  
R" #‫ و‬L R%An   R%An ‫ إن‬R8‫أ‬D‫ أ‬: ‫ل‬0 Q ‫ة‬B% ‫ ان وا‬M‫  ر وا‬%"# "aD W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : ‫ل‬D " 5@‫@; وا‬
)D ‫@د‬M‫)ء ض ا‬a L‫ أ‬e ) 
‫ي‬- ‫ وا‬C " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 .%6 ‫) ا‬D ZCA <V )‫ إ‬L R" #
‫ل‬0 A‫ و‬W‫ ا‬%# 5# 5 L ‫ آن‬W‫ إ[ ا‬L ‫ل [ إ‬0 A " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 Q " ‫م‬# ] ‫ 
ة أ‬A A .%6 ‫ا‬
‫ ؟‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 ‫ا‬-‫ ه‬C Z"5 ]‫ آ‬: ;G‫ل ر‬D " .%
= ] ‫`ون أ‬#‫ و‬.C‫ وأر‬.%
= ] ‫ أ‬.<A 5 L (‫ آ‬e J‫ و‬W‫ن ا‬JB@
Z ‫ ذ‬% 
‫د أن‬VD W‫ ا‬C A . C% ‫م ا‬D L"QM ;BG !"# Id‫ ;  و‬C  .A ‫م ا‬8 )? ;G ‫ " إن ا‬: W‫ل ر@ل ا‬D  
C - L 0 ! ‫ إ‬- ‫آرا‬-A  X V8  ‫ ا ه‬A = ‫ 
ن‬U‫"! ا‬# !‫ت ه; أ‬8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬R 2‫ " و‬L = W‫ ا‬e /8 ‫ إ[ أن‬L"‫آ‬
!VB@D " C " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬D ‫ ؟‬.%6 ‫) ا‬D ‫ك‬%# ‫ ى‬A ‫ن‬8 )%# ‫ وإن‬: )`BJ ‫ل ا‬D ‫ا‬B‫ آ‬V"A‫و‬
e%@‫رة و‬V‫ و‬.‫ا‬r LD L8 L= )D L 8 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬R8‫" رأ‬D :  # ‫ل ا‬0 L 
RdD !=
]Cd . 
ً ِ"#
َ Lِ " ِ !َ‫ َو َآ‬Lِ " ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ;ُ a
ْ َ ْ ‫َ ا‬Z َِ‫ذ‬ 
"# ‫"  " أي ه‬# W !‫ " وآ‬5  #? [ Z - 5"‫ي أه‬- ‫ وه ا‬L = W‫ ا‬%# A ‫ أي‬W‫ ا‬A ;a ‫ ا‬Z ‫ ! ذ‬C ‫ل‬0 ‫ا‬-5 ‫و‬
cD ‫ وا‬.8‫ا‬5 ‫ ا‬cJ
8   .
Allah states that even if the people were commanded to commit what they were prohibited
from doing, most of them would not submit to this command, for their wicked nature is such
that they dispute orders. Allah has complete knowledge of what has not occured, and how it
would be if and when it did occur. This is why Allah said, 
ْVُ

َ َُ‫ْ ُ"ُاْ أ‬0‫ن ا‬
ِ ‫ْ َأ‬5ِ ْ "ََ# َ%ْBَ ‫ َوَ ْ َأ َآ‬
(And if We had ordered them (saying), "Kill yourselves (i.e. the innnocent ones kill the guilty
113

ones)) until the end of the Ayah. This is why Allah said, 
ِLِ َ‫ُن‬Y#
َ ُ8 َA ْ‫"ُا‬Cَ Dَ ْ5ُ  ‫وََ ْ َأ‬
(but if they had done what they were told,) meaning, if they do what they were commanded
and refrain from what they were prohibited, 
ْ5ُ  ‫ًْا‬O
َ َ‫َن‬V َ
(it would have been better for them,) than disobeying the command and committing the
prohibition, 
ًِBَْ  X
َ ‫ َوَأ‬
(and would have strengthened their conviction), stronger Tasdiq (conviction of faith),
according to As-Suddi. 
€‫  ُـ‬A ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%َْ [ّ ‫ َوإِذًا‬
(And indeed We should then have bestowed upon them from Ladunna) from Us, 
ً ِYَ# ‫ًْا‬G‫َأ‬
(A great reward), Paradise, 
ً َِ

ْ A‚ ًmَ^
ِ ْ5ُ ‫َـ‬%8ْ َ5َ َ‫ َو‬
(And indeed We should have guided them to the straight way.) in this life and the Hereafter.
Allah then said, 
ًِD‫َ َر‬Zِ ‫ أُو َـ‬
َ

ُ=
َ ‫ َو‬
َ ِJ"ِ‫ ِء وَا ـ‬nَ5َ ‚` ‫ وَا‬
َ ِ8 
‫ وَا‬
َ Bِ % ‫ ا‬
َ A ِ5ْ"ََ# Lُ " ‫ َ ا‬Cَ ْ ‫َ َأ‬8ِ- ‫ ا‬Iَ Aَ َZِ ‫?ُوْ َـ‬Dَ ‫ وَا @ُ َل‬Lَ " ‫ ا‬Iِ ِh8ُ َA‫ َو‬
(And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, then they will be in the company of those on
whom Allah has bestowed His grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqin, the martyrs, and the
righteous. And how excellent these companions are!) Consequently, whosoever implements
what Allah and His Messenger have commanded him and avoids what Allah and His
Messenger have prohibited, then Allah will grant him a dwelling in the Residence of Honor.
There, Allah will place him in the company of the Prophets, and those who are lesser in grade,
the true believers, then the martyrs and then the righteous, who are righteous inwardly and
outwardly. Allah then praised this company, 
ًِD‫ َر‬Z
َ ِ ‫ أُو َـ‬
َ

ُ=
َ ‫ َو‬
(And how excellent these companions are!) Al-Bukhari recorded that `A'ishah said, "I heard
the Messenger of Allah saying,
«‫َِة‬O€ْ ‫ َ َ َْ ا ‚ َْ وَا‬O
ُ  ‫ ْ َضُ ِإ‬8َ )
َ Bِ َ ْAِ َA»
(Every Prophet who falls ill is given the choice between this life and the Hereafter.) During the
114

illness that preceded his death, his voice became weak and I heard him saying, 
َِJ"ِ‫ ِء وَا ـ‬nَ5َ `
‚ ‫َِ وَا‬8 ‫ وَا‬
َ Bِ % ‫ ا‬
َ A ِ5ْ َ"#
َ Lُ " ‫َ ا‬Cَ ْ َ‫ أ‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬Iَ Aَ 
(in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His grace, the Prophets, the true
believers (Siddiqin), the martyrs and the righteous) I knew then that he was being given the
choice.'' Muslim recorded this Hadith. This Hadith explains the meaning of another Hadith;
the Prophet said before his death;
«!َ"#
ْ ?َْ ‫ ا‬c
ِ ِD ‫ِ)( ا‬D)  5ُ " ‫»ا‬
(O Allah! In the Most High Company) three times, and he then died, may Allah's best
blessings be upon him.

Ibn Jarir recorded that Sa`id bin Jubayr said, "An Ansari man came to the Messenger of
Allah while feeling sad. The Prophet said to him, `Why do I see you sad' He said, `O Allah's
Prophet! I was contemplating about something.' The Prophet said, `What is it' The Ansari
said, `We come to you day and night, looking at your face and sitting by you. Tomorrow, you
will be raised with the Prophets, and we will not be able to see you.' The Prophet did not say
anything, but later Jibril came down to him with this Ayah, 
َBِ % ‫ ا‬
َ A ِ5ْ َ"#
َ Lُ " ‫َ ا‬Cَ ْ‫َ َأ‬8ِ- ‫ ا‬Iَ Aَ َZِ ‫?ُوْ َـ‬Dَ ‫ وَا @ُ َل‬Lَ " ‫ ا‬Iِ h
ِ 8ُ َA‫ َو‬
(And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger then they will be in the company of those on
whom Allah has bestowed His grace, of the Prophets), and the Prophet sent the good news to
the Ansari man.'' This Hadith was narrated in Mursal form from Masruq, `Ikrimah, `Amir
Ash-Sha`bi, Qatadah and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas. This is the version with the best chain of
narrators. Abu Bakr bin Marduwyah recorded it with a different chain from `A'ishah, who
said; "A man came to the Prophet and said to him, `O Messenger of Allah! You are more
beloved to me than myself, my family and children. Sometimes, when I am at home, I
remember you, and I cannot wait until I come and look at you. When I contemplate about my
death and your death, I know that you will be with the Prophets when you enter Paradise. I
fear that I might not see you when I enter Paradise.' The Prophet did not answer him until the
Ayah, 
ًِD‫َ َر‬Zِ ‫ أُو َـ‬
َ

ُ=
َ ‫ َو‬
َ ِJ"ِ‫ ِء وَا ـ‬nَ5َ ‚` ‫ وَا‬
َ ِ8 
‫ وَا‬
َ Bِ % ‫ ا‬
َ A ِ5ْ"ََ# Lُ " ‫ َ ا‬Cَ ْ ‫َ َأ‬8ِ- ‫ ا‬Iَ Aَ َZِ ‫?ُوْ َـ‬Dَ ‫ وَا @ُ َل‬Lَ " ‫ ا‬Iِ ِh8ُ َA‫ َو‬
(And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, then they will be in the company of those on
whom Allah has bestowed His grace, of the Prophets, the true believers, the martyrs, and the
righteous. And how excellent these companions are!) was revealed to him.'' This was collected
by Al-Hafiz Abu `Abdullah Al-Maqdisi in his book, Sifat Al-Jannah, he then commented, "I
do not see problems with this chain.'' And Allah knows best. Muslim recorded that Rabi`ah
bin Ka`b Al-Aslami said, "I used to sleep at the Prophet's house and bring him his water for
ablution and his needs. He once said to me, `Ask me.' I said, `O Messenger of Allah! I ask that
I be your companion in Paradise.' He said, `Anything except that' I said, `Only that.' He said,
«‫ُد‬6

‚ ‫ ْ َةِ ا‬Vَ ِ Z
َ

ِ َْ !"َ# )%ِ#?َDَ »

115

(Then help me (fulfill this wish) for you by performing many prostrations.)'' Imam Ahmad
recorded that `Amr bin Murrah Al-Juhani said, "A man came to the Prophet and said, `O
Allah's Messenger! I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and
that you are the Messenger of Allah, pray the five (daily prayers), give the Zakah due on my
wealth and fast the month of Ramadan.' The Messenger of Allah said,
cُC8َ ْ َ َA Lِ ْ Cَ Bُ ^
ْ ‫( ُأ‬
َ 
َ َ ‫ا َو‬-َV‫ َه‬،ِ.Aَ ‫َـــــــــْ َم ا ْ َِـــــ‬8 ‫َا ِء‬5َ ‫َِ وَا `‚ــ‬8‫ــَ وَا ــ‬Bِ % ‫ ا‬Iَ ‫َـــ‬A َ‫َا آَن‬-‫َ"! هَـــ‬# ‫ت‬
َ ‫َـــ‬A ْ‫َـــ‬A»
«Lْ8َ ِ‫وَا‬
(Whoever dies in this state will be with the Prophets, the truthful and martyrs on the Day of
Resurrection, as long as - and he raised his finger - he is not disobedient to his parents.)'' Only
Ahmad recorded this Hadith. Greater news than this is in the authentic Hadith collected in
the Sahih and Musnad compilations, in Mutawatir form, narrated by several Companions
that the Messenger of Allah was asked about the person who loves a people, but his status is
not close to theirs. The Messenger said,
«(َ=‫ْ َأ‬Aَ Iَ Aَ ‫»ا ْ َ ْ ُء‬
(One is with those whom he loves.) Anas commented, "Muslims were never happier than with
this Hadith.'' In another narration, Anas said, "I love the Messenger of Allah, Abu Bakr and
`Umar, and I hope that Allah will resurrect me with them, even though I did not perform
actions similar to theirs.'' Allah said, 
ِL" ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ;ُ a
ْ َ ْ ‫ ا‬Z
َ ِ‫ذ‬
(Such is the bounty from Allah) meaning, from Allah by His mercy, for it is He who made
them suitable for this, not their good deeds. 
ً ِ"َ# Lِ " ِ !َ‫ َو َآ‬
(and Allah is sufficient as All-Knower), He knows those who deserve guidance and success

116

18. QS An Nisa 4:71-74 
Cِ G
َ ‫ت َأ ِو ا ْ ُِو ْا‬
ٍ َBُQ ‫َ ُِو ْا‬D ْ‫ْ َر ُآ‬-=
ِ ْ‫ُوا‬-O
ُ ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8
- ‫ِا‬5X
َ ْ5ُ Cَ A ْ‫! ِإذْ َ ْ َأ ُآ‬
 َ"َ# Lُ " ‫ َ ا‬Cَ ْ ‫ْ َأ‬0َ ‫َ َل‬0 ٌ.Bَ ِA‚ ْVُ ْ َB‫ِنْ َأ^َـ‬fَD 
 َ hBَ ُ  َ َ ْVُ %ْ Aِ ‫ن‬
 ‫َوِإ‬
-  ِY#
َ ‫َْزًا‬D ‫ُ َز‬D?َDَ ْ5ُ Cَ Aَ R
ُ %ُ‫ِ! آ‬%َ َ"8 ٌ‫ َدة‬Aَ Lُ %َ ْ َ ‫ُْ َو‬V%َ ْ َ ُْVَ ْ ‫ َ ََُ  َآ?َن‬W‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ;ٌ ْaDَ ْVُ Bَ ‫َو َ ِْ َأ^َـ‬
-  ِY#
َ ‫ًْا‬G‫ َأ‬Lِ ِْEُ ‫ف‬
َ ْ

َ َD ْ("ِْ/8َ ‫ ُْ َ;ْ أَو‬Dَ Lِ " ‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ !ِD ْ;ِ‫َـ‬8ُ َA‫ِ َ ِة َو‬O[” ِ َْ ‚ ‫ََةَ ا‬J ْ ‫َ`ُْونَ ا‬8 
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬Lِ " ‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ !ِD ْ;ِ َُ ْ"Dَ 
4:71. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, bersiap siagalah kamu, dan majulah (ke medan
pertempuran) berkelompok-kelompok, atau majulah bersama-sama!
4:72. Dan sesungguhnya di antara kamu ada orang yang sangat berlambat-lambat (ke medan
pertempuran). Maka jika kamu ditimpa musibah ia berkata:"Sesungguhnya Tuhan telah
menganugerahkan nikmat kepada saya karena saya tidak ikut berperang bersama mereka".
4:73. Dan sungguh jika kamu beroleh karunia (kemenangan) dari Allah, tentulah dia
mengatakan seolah-olah belum pernah ada hubungan kasih sayang antara kamu dengan dia:
"Wahai, kiranya saya ada bersama-sama mereka, tentu saya mendapat kemenangan yang
besar (pula)".
4:74. Karena itu hendaklah orang-orang yang menukar kehidupan dunia dengan kehidupan
akhirat berperang di jalan Allah. Barang siapa yang berperang di jalan Allah, lalu gugur atau
memperoleh kemenangan maka kelak akan Kami berikan kepadanya pahala yang besar.
(71. O you who believe! Take your precautions, and either go forth (on an expedition) in
parties, or go forth all together.)
(72. There is certainly among you he who would linger behind. If a misfortune befalls you, he
says, "Indeed Allah has favored me in that I was not present among them.'')
(73. But if a bounty comes to you from Allah, he would surely say ‫ ـ‬as if there had never been
ties of affection between you and him, "Oh! I wish I had been with them; then I would have
achieved a great success.'')
(74. So fight those who trade the life of this world with the Hereafter, in the cause of Allah,
and whoever fights in the cause of Allah, and is killed or gets victory, We shall bestow on him
a great reward.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
‫ت َأ ِو ا ُِْوا‬
ٍ َBُQ ‫َ ُِْوا‬D ْ‫ْرَ ُآ‬-=
ِ ‫ُوا‬-O
ُ ‫ُا‬%Aَ n َ8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8‫َ َأ‬8
)D %  ‫د‬C ‫ ا‬V‫د و‬C ‫ وا‬.J"@M‫اد ا‬#f 5 (‫م ا ?ه‬2"
8 ‫ا‬-‫وه وه‬# A ‫ر‬-J ‫ ا‬-O? %AE ‫ ا‬e‫د‬B# ! C W‫ ا‬A?8 
)"# ‫ل‬0 BQ !"# .B ‫ ا‬I 6 0‫ و‬.BQ I G ‫ت‬B ‫ وا‬.8@ C .8@‫ و‬.0D C .0D‫ و‬.# G C .# G ‫ت أي‬BQ W‫; ا‬B@ 
# ‫ا روي‬-‫ وآ‬V"‫) آ‬%C8 " C G ‫ " أو اوا‬0A 8‫) @ا‬%C8 B# ‫ت " أي‬BQ ‫وا‬D " L 0 ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# .J"m )‫أ‬
‫ري‬26 ‫] ا‬O‫;  =ن و‬A‫ا@) و‬g ‫ء ا‬h#‫ك و‬Ja ‫دة وا‬0‫ وا 
ي و‬.AV#‫ه و‬6A .
‫ًِا‬5X
َ ْ 5ُ َCAَ ْ‫َ") ِإذْ َْ َأ ُآ‬#
َ Lُ " ‫ َ ا‬Cَ ْ ‫َْ َأ‬0 ‫َ َل‬0 ٌ.Bَ ِAُ ْVُ ْ ََ^‫ِنْ َأ‬fDَ 
 َ hBَ ُ َ ْ َ َ ْVُ %ْ Aِ ‫َوِإن‬
‫  " أي‬hB " : ‫;  =ن‬A ‫ل‬0‫ و‬D% ‫) ا‬D R 2 =‫ وا‬r‫ه و‬6A ‫ل‬0 "  hB  V%A ‫ ! " وإن‬C L 0‫و‬
LJB0 ‫  أ) @"ل‬W‫ ا‬B# ‫د آ  آن‬56 ‫ ا‬# er ˜hB8‫ و‬L 
)D ‫? ه‬mB8 L‫ن ا اد أ‬V8 ‫ ; أن‬J8‫د و‬56 ‫ ا‬# "g
117

L‫ أ‬cD% ‫ ا‬# ‫را‬BO‫ ! إ‬C ‫ل‬0 ‫ا‬-5 ‫ و‬8G ‫Œ وا‬8G ‫ل ا‬0 ‫ا‬-‫ وه‬LD ‫وج‬g ‫ ا‬# ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬B8‫د و‬56 ‫ ا‬# O?8 ;C8 W‫ا‬
W‫ ا‬C‫ أ‬0 " ‫ل‬0 . VJ ‫ ا‬A Z ‫) ذ‬D W  V ‫و‬C ‫"( ا‬r‫دة و‬5X‫; و‬0 ‫ " أي‬.BA V^‫ن أ‬fD " ‫د‬56 ‫ ا‬# O? ‫ل إذا‬8
‫ أو‬B ‫) ا‬D GM‫ ا‬A LD A ‫ر‬8  ‫ و‬L"# W‫ ا‬C A Z ‫ ذ‬C ‫ ا ل‬.C0‫ و‬5CA a=‫ا " أي إذ  أ‬5X 5CA ‫") إذ  أآ‬#
;0 ‫دة إن‬5` ‫ ا‬.
‫ْزًا‬Dَ ‫ُ َز‬Dَ?Dَ ْ5ُ Cَ Aَ R
ُ %ْ ‫ِ) ُآ‬%َ ْ َ َ8 ٌ‫ َ دة‬Aَ Lُ %َ َْ َ‫ْ و‬Vُ %َ َْ ْVُ َ ْ َ ْ‫ َ ََُ  َآ?َن‬Lِ " ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ٌ;a
ْ َD ْVُ َ َ^‫َوَ ِْ َأ‬
" " V%8‫ أه; د‬A { L?‫دة " أي آ‬A L%‫ و‬V% V  ‫ "   آ?ن‬. %r‫ " أي  و‘ و‬W‫ ا‬A ;aD V^‫و  أ‬
e‫اد‬A .8r‫ و‬e0 B‫ وه أآ‬L"# ;=?D 5CA 5 
) ‫ب‬a8 ‫  " أي ?ن‬Y# ‫زا‬D ‫ز‬D?D 5CA R%‫) آ‬% 8 . 
ً ِY#
َ ‫ًْا‬G‫ َأ‬Lِ ِْEُ ‫ف‬
َ ْ

َ َD ْ("ِ/ْ 8َ ْ‫ ُْ َ;ْ َأو‬Dَ Lِ " ‫ِ;ِ ا‬B@
َ )ِD ْ;َُِ8 ْAَ ‫ِ َةِ َو‬O€ْ ِ َْ ‚ ‫َ َة ا‬J
َ ْ ‫`ُونَ ا‬
ْ َ8 
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬Lِ " ‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ )ِD ْ;ِ َُ ْ"Dَ 
A ;"0 ‫ض‬C 5%8‫ن د‬CB8 ‫ة " أي‬Ox  ‫ة ا‬J ‫`ون ا‬8 8- ‫ ا‬W‫; ا‬B@ )D D% ‫ ا‬AE ‫"; " أي ا‬D " ! C ‫ل‬0 Q
‫  " أي‬Y# ‫ا‬G‫ أ‬LE ‫ 
ف‬D ("/8 ‫; أو‬D W‫; ا‬B@ )D ;8 A‫ ! " و‬C ‫ل‬0 Q 5 8‫م إ‬#‫ه و‬V [‫ إ‬Z ‫ ذ‬A‫ا  و‬ 
‫ه‬6 " W‫; ا‬V‫ و‬JJ ‫) ا‬D RBQ  ‫; آ‬82G G‫ وأ‬. Y# .A W‫ ا‬%# L"D ("r ‫; أو‬0 ‫ @اء‬W‫; ا‬B@ )D ;0 A ;‫آ‬
. %r ‫ أو‬G‫ أ‬A ‫   ل‬L%A ‫ج‬O ‫ي‬- ‫ ا‬L%V
A ! ‫ إ‬LCG8 ‫ أو‬.%6 ‫ ا‬L"O8 ‫ أن‬eD ‫ إن‬L"B@ )D .
Allah commands His faithful servants to take precautions against their enemies, by being
prepared with the necessary weapons and supplies, and increasing the number of troops
fighting in His cause. 
ٍ‫َت‬BQُ 
(in parties) means, group after group, party after party, and expedition after expedition. `Ali
bin Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said that, 
ٍ‫َت‬BQُ ْ‫َُِوا‬D
(and either go forth in parties) means, "In groups, expedition after expedition, 
ًCِ G
َ ْ‫َأ ِو ا ُِْوا‬
(or go forth all together), means, all of you.'' Similar was reported from Mujahid, `Ikrimah,
As-Suddi, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, `Ata' Al-Khurrasani, Muqatil bin Hayyan and Khusayf AlJazari.
Allah said, 
َ h 
Bَ ُ  َ َ ْVُ %ْ Aِ ‫ن‬
 ‫ َوِإ‬
(There is certainly among you he who would linger behind.) Mujahid and others said that this
Ayah was revealed about the hypocrites. Muqatil bin Hayyan said that, 
َ h 
Bَ ُ  
(linger behind) means, stays behind and does not join Jihad. It is also possible that this person
himself lingers behind, while luring others away from joining Jihad. For instance, `Abdullah
bin Ubayy bin Salul, may Allah curse him, used to linger behind and lure other people to do
the same and refrain from joining Jihad, as Ibn Jurayj and Ibn Jarir stated. This is why Allah
said about the hypocrite, that when he lingers behind from Jihad, then:
118 

ٌ.َBِA‚ ْVُ ْBَ ‫نْ َأ^َـ‬fِDَ 
(If a misfortune befalls you) death, martyrdom, or - by Allah's wisdom - being defeated by the
enemy, 
ً‫ِا‬5X
َ ْ5ُ َCA ْ‫! ِإذْ َ ْ َأ ُآ‬
 َ"#
َ Lُ " ‫ َ ا‬Cَ ْ ‫ْ َأ‬0َ ‫َ َل‬0
(he says, "Indeed Allah has favored me that I was not present among them.'') meaning, since I
did not join them in battle. Because he considers this one of Allah's favors on him, unaware of
the reward that he might have gained from enduring war or martyrdom, if he was killed. 
W‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ٌ;ْaDَ ْVُ Bَ ‫ َوَ ِْ َأ^َـ‬
(But if a bounty comes to you from Allah) such as victory, triumph and booty, 
ٌ‫ َ دة‬Aَ Lُ %َ ْ َ َ‫ْ و‬Vُ %َ ْ َ ْVُ َ ْ  ‫ آَ?َن‬
 َ َُ َ
(he would surely say - as if there had never been ties of affection between you and him,)
meaning, as if he was not a follower of your religion, 
ً ِY#
َ ‫ْزًا‬Dَ َ‫ُز‬D?َDَ ْ5ُ Cَ Aَ R
ُ %ُ‫ِ! آ‬%َ َ"8
("Oh! I wish I had been with them; then I would have achieved a great success.'') by being
assigned a share of the booty and taking possession of that share. This is his ultimate aim and
objective.
Allah then said, 
ْ;َُِ "ْ َD
(So fight) the believer with an aversion (to fighting), 
ِ‫ِ َة‬O[” ِ َْ ‚ ‫َ َة ا‬J
َ ْ ‫`ُونَ ا‬
ْ 8َ 
َ 8ِ- ‫ ا‬Lِ " ‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ !ِD
(those who trade the life of this world with the Hereafter) referring to those sell their religion
for the meager goods of the world, and they only do this because of their disbelief and lack of
faith. Allah then said; 
ً ِY#
َ ‫ًْا‬G‫ َأ‬Lِ ِْEُ ‫ف‬
َ ْ

َ َD ْ("ِْ/8َ ‫َ ُ َْ;ْ أَو‬D Lِ " ‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ !ِD ْ;ِ ‫َـ‬8ُ َA‫ َو‬
(And whoever fights in the cause of Allah, and is killed or gets victory, We shall bestow on him
a great reward.) meaning, whoever fights in the cause of Allah, whether he was killed or
triumphant, he will earn an immense compensation and a great reward with Allah. The Two
Sahihs recorded,
«.َ ِ%َr ‫ْ ٍ َأ ْو‬G‫ْ َأ‬Aِ ‫ ِ َ َ َل‬،ُL%ْ Aِ ‫ج‬
َ َ َO ‫ِي‬- ‫ ا‬Lِ %ِ Vَ

ْ Aَ ! ِ‫ إ‬Lُ Cَ G
ِ ْ8َ ْ‫ َأو‬،َ.% 6
َ ْ ‫ ا‬Lُ "َِOْ8ُ ْ‫ َأن‬eُ Dَ َ ْ‫ ِإن‬،ِL"ِِB@
َ )ِD ِ‫َ ِه‬6 ُ "ْ ِ W
ُ ‫  َ; ا‬Vَ َ َ‫»و‬
(Allah has guaranteed the Mujahid in His cause that He will either bring death to him,
admitting into Paradise; or, He will help him return safely to his home with whatever reward
and booty he gained.)
119

19. QS A N - N I S A ' 4:122-126
- L" ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ق‬
ُ َ ^
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ‫=ًّ َو‬
َ Lِ " ‫َ ا‬#
ْ ‫َ€ َأًَا َو‬5ِD 
َ 8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O ُ ‫َـ‬5ْ [” ‫َ ا‬5ِْJَ ِA ‫ِْى‬6َ R
ٍ ‫ـ‬%G
َ ْ5ُ "ُِOْ%ُ @
َ R
ِ ‫َـ‬Jِ"‫ ِ "ُاْ ا ـ‬#
َ ‫ُاْ َو‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫وَا‬
Tِ0  
‫ َو ِ ًّ َو َ[ َِا‬Lِ " ‫ن ا‬
ِ ‫ِ دُو‬A Lُ َ ْ6
ِ 8َ [َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ِ َ26
ْ 8ُ ‫ َ;ْ @ُءًا‬Cْ 8َ َA (
ِ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫! َأ ْه ِ; ا‬ 
ِ َA‫ْ وَ[ َأ‬Vُ  %ِ ‫َـ‬A?َِ {
َ ْ 
- ‫ن َِا‬
َ ُ "َY
ْ ُ8 [َ ‫ َو‬.َ % َ6 ْ ‫ن ا‬
َ ُ"ُOْ8َ Z
َ ِ ‫َ?ُوْ َـ‬D ٌAِ ْEAُ َ ‫ِ َذآٍَ َأوْ أَُ! َو ُه‬A R
َ ‫َـ‬J"ِ‫ ا ـ‬
َ Aِ ْ; َ Cْ َ8 َA‫َو‬
- Tِ"O
َ َ ِ‫ ِإ ْ َه‬Lُ " ‫ ا‬-َ َg ‫ًِ وَا‬%=
َ َِ‫ ِإ َْه‬.َ "Aِ Iَ Bَ  ‫ 
ٌ وا‬
ِ ْJAُ َ ‫ َو ُه‬W Lُ 5َ ْG‫@َ" َ َو‬
ْ ‫  ْ َأ‬Aِ ً%8ِ‫ د‬
ُ

َ =
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ‫َو‬
- hِJA‚ ‫!ْ ٍء‬X
َ ; Vُ ِ Lُ " ‫ض َوآَنَ ا‬
ِ ْ‫ِ! ا ”[ر‬D َA‫ت َو‬
ِ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫ِ! ا‬D َA Lِ " َ‫ و‬
((
4:122. Orang-orang yang beriman dan mengerjakan amalan saleh, kelak akan Kami
masukkan ke dalam surga yang mengalir sungai-sungai di dalamnya, mereka kekal di
dalamnya selama-lamanya. Allah telah membuat suatu janji yang benar. Dan siapakah yang
lebih benar perkataannya daripada Allah?
4:123. (Pahala dari Allah) itu bukanlah menurut angan-anganmu yang kosong dan tidak
(pula) menurut angan-angan Ahli Kitab. Barang siapa yang mengerjakan kejahatan, niscaya
akan diberi pembalasan dengan kejahatan itu dan ia tidak mendapat pelindung dan tidak
(pula) penolong baginya selain dari Allah.
4:124. Barang siapa yang mengerjakan amal-amal saleh, baik laki-laki maupun wanita
sedang ia orang yang beriman, maka mereka itu masuk ke dalam surga dan mereka tidak
dianiaya walau sedikit pun.
4:125. Dan siapakah yang lebih baik agamanya daripada orang yang ikhlas menyerahkan
dirinya kepada Allah, sedang dia pun mengerjakan kebaikan, dan ia mengikuti agama
Ibrahim yang lurus? Dan Allah mengambil Ibrahim menjadi kesayangan-Nya.
4:126. Kepunyaan Allah-lah apa yang di langit dan apa yang di bumi, dan adalah
(pengetahuan) Allah Maha Meliputi segala sesuatu.
122. And those who believe and do righteous good deeds, We shall admit them to the Gardens
under which rivers flow (i.e. in Paradise) to dwell therein forever. Allah's promise is the truth;
and whose words can be truer than those of Allah)
123. It will not be in accordance with your desires, nor those of the People of the Scripture,
whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof, and he will not find any protector or
helper besides Allah.)
(124. And whoever does righteous good deeds, male or female, and is a believer, such will enter
Paradise and not the least injustice, even to the size of a Naqir, will be done to them.) (125.
And who can be better in religion than one who submits his face (himself) to Allah; and he is a
Muhsin (a doer of good). And follows the religion of Ibrahim the Hanif (Monotheist). And
Allah did take Ibrahim as a Khalil (an intimate friend)!)
(126. And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is
Ever Encompassing all things.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬ 
ً"ِ0 Lِ " ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ُ‫^ َق‬
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ‫ =َŠ َو‬Lِ " ‫ َ ا‬#
ْ ‫َ َأ ًَا َو‬5ِD َ8ِ َِO ُ‫َر‬5ْ ?َْ ‫َ ا‬5ِ J
ْ َ ْAِ ‫ِي‬6
ْ َ ‫ت‬
ٍ %G
َ ْ5ُ ُ"ِOْ %ُ @
َ ‫ت‬
ِ َJ ِ ‫ ِ "ُا ا‬#
َ ‫ُا َو‬%Aَ n 
َ 8ِ- ‫وَا‬
‫ا‬5 A ‫ات وآا‬g ‫ ا‬A L ‫وا‬A‫   أ‬5=‫ار‬G R" #‫ و‬5"0 R0^ ‫ت " أي‬J  ‫ "ا ا‬#‫ا و‬%An 8- ‫ ! " وا‬C ‫ل‬D
‫ أا " أي‬5D 8 O " ‫ءوا‬X 8‫ءوا وأ‬X o= 5D8 ‫ر " أي‬5M‫ ا‬5J A ‫ي‬6 ‫ت‬%G 5"O%@ " ‫ات‬V% ‫ ا‬A L%#
‫  ر ا ال‬e‫ا أآ‬-5 ‫ و‬. JA [ I0‫ وا‬L‫ أ‬.= ‫"م‬CA W‫ ا‬#‫ وو‬W‫ ا‬A #‫ا و‬-‫ = " أي ه‬W‫ ا‬#‫ زوال و[ ال " و‬T
[‫ إ[ ه و‬L ‫ا [ إ‬BO ‫[ أي‬0 L%A ‫ " أي [ أ= أ^ق‬T0 W‫ ا‬A ‫ أ^ق‬A‫ ! " و‬C ‫ل‬0 Q = L 0 ‫ وه‬Bg ‫ ا‬cJ !"#
120

‫رب @ا‪ e‬وآن ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل ‪ " LBhO )D‬إن أ^ق ا ‪ o8J‬آ‪T‬م ا‪ W‬و‪ O‬ا ‪5‬ي هي ‪ !"^  JA‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"# " .‬و@" و‪ X‬ا‪AM‬ر ‪ 5QJA‬وآ; ‪ .# .QJA‬وآ; ‪ . Td .#‬وآ; ‪ )D . Td‬ا ‪%‬ر‬
‫ن ا " ِ‪ L‬وَِ Š وَ َ ًَِا‬
‫‪ ْAِ Lُ َ ْ6‬دُو ِ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ِ 2َ 6‬و َ َ‪ِ 8‬‬
‫ب َ‪ُ@ ْ; َ Cْ 8َ ْA‬ءًا ُ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫) َأ ْه ِ; ا ْ ِ‪ِ َV‬‬
‫{ ِ َ?‪ ْVُ  ِ َA‬وَ َ َأ‪ ِ َA‬‬
‫َ ْ َ‬
‫‪0‬ل ‪0‬دة ذآ ‪ %‬أن ا
"  وأه; ا ‪V‬ب ا‪gD‬وا ‪D‬ل أه; ا ‪V‬ب ‪ VB ;B0 %B :‬وآ‪ ;B0 %‬آ‪ J%D V‬أو ! ‪V%A W‬‬
‫و‪0‬ل ا
" ن ‪ J :‬أو ! ‪ V%A W‬و‪ O %B‬ا ‪ B%‬وآ‪ !"# )a8 %‬ا ‪ (V‬ا ) آ‪2?D L"B0 R‬ل ا‪ VA? { " W‬و[‬
‫أ‪ )A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب ‪@ ; C8 A‬ءا ‪ " " L 268‬و‪ A‬أ= 
د‪  A %8‬أ@" و‪ W L5G‬وه ‪ " 
JA‬ا‪ Q . .8x‬أ‪ Œ"D‬ا‪.6= W‬‬
‫ا
"  ‪ A !"#‬وأه ‪ A‬أه; ا‪M‬د‪8‬ن ‪ .‬وآ‪-‬ا روي ‪ #‬ا 
ي و‪
A‬وق وا ‪Ja‬ك وأ) ^ ‪ K‬و‪r‬ه وآ‪-‬ا روى ا ‪)DC‬‬
‫‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L%# W‬أ‪0 L‬ل ‪ )D‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ ^g : .8x‬أه; ا‪M‬د‪8‬ن ‪D‬ل أه; ا راة ‪ :‬آ‪ O %‬ا ‪ (V‬و‪ O %B‬ا‪BM‬ء‬
‫و‪0‬ل أه; ا‪ ;A ;6U‬ذ ‪ Z‬و‪0‬ل أه; ا‪T@U‬م ‪ [ :‬د‪ 8‬إ[ ا‪T@U‬م وآ‪ — 
%‬آ; آب و‪ O %B‬ا ‪ B%‬وأ‪ A‬وأ‪ A‬أن‬
‫‪ VV AE‬و‪ !aD %V ; C‬ا‪ 5% W‬و‪0‬ل " { ?‪ VA‬و[ أ‪ )A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب ‪@ ; C8 A‬ءا ‪ " L 268‬ا‪ .8x‬و‪O‬‬
‫ ا‪M‬د‪8‬ن ‪D‬ل " و‪ A‬أ= 
د‪  A %8‬أ@" و‪ W L5G‬وه ‪ " 
JA‬إ ! ‪ " L 0‬وا‪ -g‬ا‪ W‬إاه ‪ " T"O‬و‪0‬ل ‪6A‬ه ‪:‬‬
‫‪ R 0‬ا ‪C‬ب ‪ oCB  :‬و  ‪-C‬ب و‪ R 0‬ا ‪5‬د وا ‪%‬رى "  ‪ ;O8‬ا ‪ .%6‬إ[ ‪ A‬آن هدا أو رى " و‪ 0‬ا "  
‪%‬‬
‫ا ‪%‬ر إ[ أ‪CA A8‬ودات " وا ‪ )D !%C‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ .8x‬أن ا ‪ )"J  { 8‬و[   ‪ )%‬و ‪ A V‬و‪ )D 0‬ا "ب و^‪ L0‬ا‪ #M‬ل‬
‫و { آ; ‪ A‬اد‪6  L ;=  X !#‬د د‪#‬ا‪ e‬و[ آ; ‪0 A‬ل إ‪ !"# L‬ا ‪6  L 0 I @ cJ‬د ذ ‪V8 != Z‬ن ‪ A L‬ا‪ W‬هن‬
‫و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪ VA? { " ! C‬و[ أ‪ )A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب ‪@ ; C8 A‬ءا ‪ " L 268‬أي { ‪ V‬و[ ‪ 5‬ا ‪6%‬ة  ‪6‬د ا  ‪; )%‬‬
‫ا ‪BC‬ة ‪ .#h‬ا‪ LJB@ W‬وا‪B‬ع ‪ !"# L#X A‬أ
‪ .%‬ا @; ا ‪V‬ام و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪@ ; C8 A " eC‬ءا ‪ " L 268‬آ ‪ D " L‬‬
‫‪A ; C8‬ل ذرة ‪O‬ا ‪ e8‬و‪A ; C8 A‬ل ذرة ‪X‬ا ‪ " e8‬و‪ 0‬روي أن ه‪ e-‬ا‪ cX R 2  .8x‬ذ ‪ !"# Z‬آ ‪ A‬ا ‪0 .J‬ل‬
‫ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ B# %Q= :‬ا‪ %Q=    W‬إ@ ‪ # ;#‬أ) ‪  V‬أ) زه ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬أ‪BO‬ت أن أ ‪ V‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪8 :‬‬
‫ر@ل ا‪ W‬آ] ا ‪T‬ح ‪ C‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ VA? { .8x‬و[ أ‪ )A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب ‪@ ; C8 A‬ءا ‪@ ;VD L 268‬ء ‪D L %82G e%" #‬ل‬
‫ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪ r‬ا‪ 8 Z W‬أ ‪ V‬أ
‪  R‬ض أ
‪ (% R‬أ
‪2J R‬ن أ
‪ ZB R‬ا ’واء " ‪0‬ل "! ‪0‬ل‬
‫" ‪26  A 5D‬ون ‪ " L‬وروا‪%A  C@ e‬ر ‪ # ."O  ]"O #‬إ@ ‪  ;#‬أ) ‪ L  O‬وروا‪ e‬ا ‪J‬آ ‪c8m A‬‬
‫@ن ا ري ‪ #‬إ@ ‪ L ;#‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ B# %Q= :‬ا هب  ‪h#‬ء ‪ #‬ز‪8‬د ا ‪6‬ص ‪  )"# #‬ز‪6A # 8‬ه‬
‫‪ #‬ا ‪0  #‬ل ‪ RC @ :‬أ ‪8 V‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪@ ; C8 A‬ءا ‪ )D L 268‬ا  " و‪0‬ل أ ‪V‬‬
‫ ‪A‬دو‪   JA %Q= : L8‬ه`م  ‪  !J8 %Q= . 5G‬أ) ‪ B# %Q= ( m‬ا هب  ‪h#‬ء =‪ %Q‬ز‪8‬د ا ‪6‬ص ‪#‬‬
‫‪  )"#‬ز‪6A # 8‬ه ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ‪ B#‬ا‪ :  #  W‬ا‪Y‬وا ا ‪V‬ن ا ‪-‬ي ‪ B# LD‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪  TD "A 2‬ن ‪0 L"#‬ل ‪5
D‬‬
‫ا ‪T/‬م ‪fD‬ذا ‪ B#‬ا‪ Y%8  #  W‬إ ! ا ا ‪D 2‬ل ‪ /8‬ا‪ QTQ Z W‬أ‪ A‬وا‪ Z "# A W‬إ[ ^ا‪0 A‬ا‪ A‬و^[ "= أ‪ A‬وا‪W‬‬
‫إ) ‪M‬ر‪
A IA G‬وئ ‪ A‬أ^‪ RB‬أن [ ‪ Z-C8‬ا‪C W‬ه ‪0‬ل ‪ Q :‬ا ‪ R‬إ ) ‪D‬ل ‪ RC @ :‬أ ‪ V‬ا ‪8 c8‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫^"! ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪@ ; C8 A‬ءا ‪ )D‬ا  ‪ " L 268‬وروا‪ e‬أ ‪ V‬ا ‪2B‬ار ‪ # e%
A )D‬ا ‪ B# # ;5@  ;a‬ا هب‬
‫ ‪h#‬ء ‪gA L‬ا و‪0‬ل ‪ %
A )D‬ا ا ‪ %Q= : 2‬إاه  ا  
ا ‪C‬و‪ B# %Q= )0‬ا =   @"  =ن‬
‫=‪ )%Q‬أ) ‪G #‬ي =ن  
‪h‬م ‪0‬ل 
‪h‬م ‪0‬ل آ‪ IA R%‬ا ‪ BC  D  #‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪ 2‬وه ‪"A‬ب ‪D‬ل ر= ‪ .‬ا‪Z"# W‬‬
‫‪ 8‬أ ‪ RC @ (BO‬أك ‪ )%C8‬ا ‪8 2‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪@ ; C8 A‬ءا ‪ )D L 268‬ا  وا‪Ox‬ة "‬
‫‪0 Q‬ل [ ‪8 L "C‬وي ‪ #‬ا ‪ 2‬إ[ ‪ A‬ه‪-‬ا ا ‪ LG‬و‪0‬ل أ ‪A  V‬دو‪ %Q= L8‬أ=   آ‪ C@   JA %Q= ;A‬ا ‪)DC‬‬
‫=‪ %Q‬روح  ‪B#‬دة =‪B#  !@A %Q‬ة =‪  ! A )%Q‬ا
‪B‬ع ‪0‬ل ‪ RC @ :‬ا ‪J8  #‬ث ‪ #‬أ) ‪ V‬ا ‪0 c8‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫آ‪ %# R%‬ا ‪ !"^ )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ R 2%D‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪@ ; C8 A .8x‬ءا ‪ L 268‬و[ ‪ A L 68‬دون ا‪ W‬و  و[ ا ‪D‬ل ر@ل‬
‫ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪ 8‬أ ‪ V‬أ[ أ‪0 " )"# R 2 .8n Z<0‬ل ‪ 8 !" R"0 :‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬أ‪ TD 5%<0‬أ‪ "#‬أ) ‪ 0‬و‪G‬ت‬
‫ا‪5‘ )D A‬ي =!  ‪D 5 Rh‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ‪ 8 Z A‬أ ‪ )? R"0 " V‬أ‪ R‬وأ‪ 8 )A‬ر@ل ا‪W‬‬
‫وأ‪ ; C8  %8‬ا 
ء وإ ‪826‬ن ‪@ ;V‬ء ‪D e%" #‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " أ‪ A‬أ‪ 8 R‬أ ‪ V‬وأ^‪ZJ‬‬
‫ا ‪%AE‬ن ‪26 VfD‬ون ‪ )D Z -‬ا  =! "ا ا‪ V { W‬ذب وأ‪ A‬ا‪Ox‬ون ‪ I 6D‬ذ ‪268 != 5 Z‬وا ‪8 L‬م ا ‪" .A‬‬
‫وآ‪-‬ا روا‪ e‬ا ‪-A‬ي ‪ !@A  !J8 #‬و‪ #  =  B#‬روح  ‪B#‬دة ‪0 Q L‬ل و‪B#  !@A‬ة ‪ ]Ca8‬و‪B@  ! A‬ع‬
‫‪56A‬ل و‪0‬ل ا ‪ %Q= : 8G‬ا @ ‪0‬ل ‪ %Q‬ا ‪0 
J‬ل ‪6= %Q‬ج ‪ #‬ا ‪0 Œ8G‬ل ‪ :‬أ‪h# )BO‬ء  أ) رح ‪0‬ل ‪ :‬‬
‫‪ R 2‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪0 .8x‬ل أ ‪G V‬ءت ‪ . ^0‬ا ‪D 5Y‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " إ  ه) ا ‪B‬ت ‪ )D‬ا  " " ‪c8m‬‬
‫أ‪O‬ى ‪ #‬ا ‪0 " c8‬ل ا ‪A‬دو‪   JA %Q= : L8‬أ=   إ@‪J‬ق ا ‪V
C‬ي =‪ A#   JA %Q‬ا
‪C‬ي =‪ !J8 %Q‬‬
‫‪#  ;aD %Q= !J8‬ض ‪ "@ #‬ن  ‪5A‬ان ‪
A # KB^  "
A #‬وق ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل أ ‪ V‬ا ‪ 8 c8‬ر@ل ا‪A W‬‬
‫أ‪ X‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪@ ; C8 A " .8x‬ءا ‪D " L 268‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " ا <( وا‪AM‬اض وا‪2=M‬ان ‪ )D‬ا  ‪2G‬اء‬
‫" " ‪ c8m‬أ‪O‬ى " ‪0‬ل ا ‪ B# )%Q= : 8G‬ا‪  W‬أ) ز‪8‬د وأ=   ‪%A‬ر ‪ : [0‬أ‪ ?B‬ز‪  8‬ا ‪BJ‬ب =‪ B# %Q‬ا "‪Z‬‬
‫ ا ‪ 
J‬ا ‪J‬ر) =‪   JA %Q‬ز‪ # .`<# # -%A  8‬أ) ‪0 V‬ل ‪@ ; C8 A " R 2  :‬ءا ‪0 " L 268‬ل أ‬
‫‪ 8 : V‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬آ; ‪E ; C A‬ا‪ L -O‬؟ ‪D‬ل ‪ 8 " :‬أ ‪ V‬أ { ‪ ZB8‬آ‪-‬ا وآ‪-‬ا ‪ 5D‬آرة " ‪0 " On o8= " .‬ل @‪ C‬‬
‫‪%A‬ر أ‪ B# ?B‬ا‪  W‬وه( أ‪ # )BO‬و  ا ‪J‬رث أن ‪@  V‬ادة =‪ LQ‬أن ‪  828‬أ) ‪ #  B# # LQ= 828‬‬
‫‪121‬‬

‫‪ .`<# #‬أن ر‪ T TG‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪@ ; C8 A " .8x‬ءا ‪D " L 268‬ل إ ‪26%‬ى ‪ e%" # A ;V‬ه"‪ %V‬إذا ‪ ˆ"BD‬ذ ‪ Z‬ر@ل ا‪!"^ W‬‬
‫ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D‬ل " ‪268 C‬ى ‪ L‬ا ‪ )D AE‬ا  ‪E8  D e
G )D L 
)D‬ذ‪ c8m " " L8‬أ‪O‬ى " ‪0‬ل ا أ) = ‪:‬‬
‫=‪ %Q‬أ) =‪ %Q‬ا ` =‪ %Q‬ه` ‪ # A# #‬ا أ) ‪ 8 R"0 : R 0 .`<# # .V"A‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬إ) ‪ "#M‬أ‪)D .8n X‬‬
‫ا ‪n‬ن ‪D‬ل " ‪ A‬ه) ‪@ ; C8 A " : R"0 " .`<# 8‬ءا ‪D " L 268‬ل " ه ‪ (8 A‬ا ‪ BC‬ا ‪ != AE‬ا ‪" 5BV%8 .BV%‬‬
‫روا‪ e‬ا ‪ o8= A 8G‬ه` ‪ L‬وروا‪ e‬أ داود ‪ o8= A‬أ) ‪  K ^ A#‬ر@ ا ‪g‬از ‪ c8m " . L‬أ‪O‬ى " ‪0‬ل أ‬
‫داود ا ‪ = %Q= : ) 
h‬د  @" ‪  )"# # .‬ز‪ # 8‬ا‪ L%‬أ‪ # .`<# R ?@ 5‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪@ ; C8 A " .8x‬ءا ‪" L 268‬‬
‫‪ )% ?@ A : R D‬أ= ‪ #‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ 5%# R ?@ -%A .8x‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D‬ل ‪ .`<# 8 " :‬ه‪ .C8BA e-‬ا‪ A BC" W‬‬
‫‪ A LB8‬ا ‪ ! J‬وا ‪ .BV%‬وا `آ‪ != .‬ا ‪ )D 5CaD .#aB‬آ ‪2D " L‬ع ‪6D 5‬ه ‪ != LBG )D‬إن ا ‪g AE‬ج ‪A‬‬
‫ذ‪ L‬آ  أن ا ‪-‬ه( ‪g8‬ج ‪ A‬ا ‪ c8m " . " V‬أ‪O‬ى " ‪0‬ل ا ‪A‬دو‪   JA %Q= : L8‬أ=   إاه =‪ %Q‬أ ا @‬
‫=‪ %Q= {8  K8X %Q‬أ ‪CA‬و‪   JA # .8‬إ@ ‪  828   JA # ;#‬ا ‪ ; @ : R 0 .`<# # G5‬ر@ل‬
‫ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ #‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪@ ; C8 A " .8x‬ءا ‪0 " L 268‬ل ‪ " :‬إن ا ‪ )D GE8 AE‬آ; ‪)X‬ء =! ‪ )D‬ا ‪%# ‰B‬‬
‫ا ت " و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪ # 
= %Q= :‬زا<ة ‪6A # o #‬ه ‪ 8 R"0 : R 0 .`<# #‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬إذا آت ذب‬
‫ا ‪ BC‬و  ‪V8 A L V8‬ه ا‪ eT‬ا‪2J  W‬ن ‪V‬ه ‪0 " On o8= " . L%#‬ل @‪%A  C‬ر ‪@ #‬ن  ‪ # # .%#‬‬
‫ ‪ B#‬ا =   ‪ Bg8 .AgA  {0   JA I @ JA‬أن أ ه‪8‬ة ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 L%# W‬ل ‪@ ; C8 A " R 2  :‬ءا‬
‫‪ cX " L 268‬ذ ‪ !"# Z‬ا
"  ‪D‬ل ‪ 5‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" " @دوا و‪0‬را ‪fD‬ن ‪ )D‬آ; ‪8 A‬ب ‪ L‬ا
"‬
‫آرة =! ا `آ‪`8 .‬آ‪ 5‬وا ‪ " 5BV%8 .BV%‬ه‪-V‬ا روا‪ e‬أ=  ‪@ #‬ن  ‪ .%#‬و‪ "
A‬وا ‪-A‬ي وا ‪@ o8= A )<
%‬ن‬
‫ ‪ L .%#‬وروا‪ e‬ا ‪ o8= A 8G‬روح و‪  CA‬آ‪T‬ه  ‪ #‬إاه  ‪ B# # 828‬ا‪  W‬إاه @ ‪ RC‬أ ه‪8‬ة‬
‫‪8‬ل ‪ R 2  :‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ VA? { " .8x‬و[ أ‪ )A‬أه; ا ‪V‬ب ‪@ ; C8 A‬ءا ‪ %V " L 268‬و=‪ 2‬و‪ 8 : %"0‬ر@ل ا‪A W‬‬
‫أ‪ R‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪)X A .8x‬ء ‪0‬ل " أ‪ A‬وا ‪-‬ي 
) ‪ e‬إ‪  V 5‬أ‪ R 2‬و ‪ V‬أ`وا و‪0‬را و@دوا ‪ (8 [ LfD‬أ=ا ‪V%A‬‬
‫‪ )D .BA‬ا  إ[ آ ا‪ != L hO A 5 W‬ا `آ‪`8 .‬آ‪ 5‬أ=آ ‪ " LA0 )D‬و‪0‬ل ‪h#‬ء  ‪
8‬ر ‪ #‬أ) @‪ C‬وأ)‬
‫ه‪8‬ة إ‪ C @  5‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪8‬ل " ‪ (8 A‬ا
" ‪ ( A‬و[ و^( و[ @ و[ =‪2‬ن =! ا ‪5‬‬
‫‪ L 58‬إ[ آ ا‪ " L @ A W‬أ‪0 " On o8= " . eGO‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  ‪  C@  !J8 %Q= :‬إ@‪J‬ق =‪ )%Q‬ز‪R% (%8‬‬
‫آ‪6#  (C‬ة ‪ #‬أ) @‪ C‬ا ‪g‬ري ‪0‬ل ‪G :‬ء ر‪ ;G‬إ ! ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و‪ L n‬و@" ‪D‬ل ‪ :‬أرأ‪ R8‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪AM‬اض ا )‬
‫‪0 5 % A %B‬ل ‪ " :‬آرات " ‪0‬ل أ) وإن ‪0 R"0‬ل =! ا `آ‪0 50D  D .‬ل ‪ #D‬أ) ‪ L 
!"#‬أ‪8 [ L‬ر‪ L0‬ا ‪Z#‬‬
‫=! ‪ 8‬ت ‪ )D‬أن [ ‪ Œ= # L"/`8‬و[ ‪ #‬ة و[ ‪5G‬د ‪ ;B@ )D‬ا‪ W‬و[ ^‪T‬ة ‪ L
A  D .# G )D .VA‬إ 
ن =! و‪e= G‬‬
‫=! ‪A‬ت ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L%# W‬د ‪ L‬أ=  ‪ " On o8= " .‬روى ا ‪A‬دو‪  
= c8m A L8‬وا‪ # 0‬ا ‪ # )B"V‬أ) ^ ‪K‬‬
‫‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل ‪ 8 ;0 :‬ر@ل ا‪@ ; C8 A " W‬ءا ‪0 " L 268‬ل " ‪ C‬و‪`# 5 268 .%
= ; C8 A‬ا " ‪("r A Z"5D‬‬
‫وا=‪`# L‬ا‪ L‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪ %Q= : 8G‬ا وآ‪  828 %Q= I‬هرون =‪ = %Q‬د  @" ‪ #  = # .‬ا ‪; C8 A " 
J‬‬
‫@ءا ‪0 " L 268‬ل ا ‪0 Q DV‬أ " وه; ‪6‬زي إ[ ا ‪V‬ر " وه‪-V‬ا روي ‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س و@‪ BG  C‬أ‪
D  5‬ا ا 
ء‬
‫ه‪`  %5‬ك أ‪ a8‬و‪ " L 0‬و[ ‪ A L 68‬دون ا‪ W‬و  و[ ا " ‪0‬ل ‪  )"#‬أ) ‪ # .J"m‬ا ‪B#‬س إ[ أن ‪8‬ب ‪D‬ب‬
‫‪ .‬ا‪ L"# W‬روا‪ e‬ا أ) = وا ‪ KJ‬أن ذ ‪# Z‬م ‪ I G )D‬ا‪ #M‬ل  م ‪ A‬ا‪=M‬د‪ o8‬وه‪-‬ا ا‪O‬ر ا ‪ 8G‬وا‪ W‬أ‪"#‬‬
‫‪ُ "َY‬نَ ًَِا‬
‫‪َ .َ % 6‬و َ ُ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫ن ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ ُ"ُOْ8َ Z‬‬
‫ت ِ‪َ ْA‬ذ َآٍ َأوْ ُأ َْ! َو ُه َ ُ‪ُ?َD ٌAِ Eْ A‬وَ ِ َ‬
‫ ا  ِ‪ِ َJ‬‬
‫َو َ‪َ Aِ ْ; َ Cْ 8َ ْA‬‬
‫و‪ " L 0‬و‪ A ; C8 A‬ا  ‪J‬ت ‪ A‬ذآ أو أ! وه ‪ " AEA‬ا‪  .8x‬ذآ ا ‪26‬اء ‪ !"#‬ا 
ت وأ‪  [ L‬أن ‪5J
A -O?8‬‬
‫‪ A‬ا ‪ BC‬إ‪ )D A‬ا  وه ا‪GM‬د ‪ L‬وإ‪ )D A‬ا‪Ox‬ة وا ‪C‬ذ ‪ A W‬ذ ‪ Z‬و
? ‪ L‬ا ‪ )D .DC‬ا  وا‪Ox‬ة وا ‪ K‬وا ‪C‬‬
‫وا 
‪X .JA‬ع ‪ )D‬ن إ= 
‪ L‬وآ‪ LA‬ور= ‪B0 )D L‬ل ا‪ #M‬ل ا  ‪B# A .J‬د‪ e‬ذآا‪ 5‬وإ‪` 5Q‬ط ا‪ 8U‬ن وأ‪L‬‬
‫@‪ 5"O‬ا ‪ .%6‬و[ ‪ 5%
= A 5 "Y8‬و[ ‪A‬ار ا ‪ %‬وه ا ‪%‬ة ا ) ‪ 5‘ )D‬اة ا  ة و‪ 0‬م ا ‪TV‬م ‪ !"#‬ا ; وه‬
‫‪.‬ا ‪ g‬ا ‪-‬ي ‪ cX )D‬ا ‪%‬اة وه‪-‬ا ا ‪ %‬وه  ‪ )D‬اة ا  ة وا ‪  h‬وه ا "‪ .D‬ا ) ‪ !"#‬اة ا  ة وا ‪ )D .QT‬ا ‪n‬ن‬
‫=‪ ًِ%‬وَا ‪ -َ َg‬ا " ُ‪ِ L‬إ َْاهِ َ ‪ً"ِ"َO‬‬
‫ 
ٌ وَا َ‪ِ .َ "Aِ Iَ B‬إ َْاهِ َ َ‬
‫‪ِJ‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ "ِ Lُ 5َ G‬و ُه َ ُ‪ْ A‬‬
‫@َ" َ َو ْ‬
‫ 
ُ دِ‪َ ْ  Aِ ً%8‬أ ْ‬
‫=َ‬
‫َو َ‪َ ْA‬أ ْ‬
‫‪0 Q‬ل ‪ " ! C‬و‪ A‬أ= 
د‪  A %8‬أ@" و‪ " W L5G‬أي أ‪ ‡"O‬ا ‪ 2# L ; C‬و‪ ; CD ;G‬إ‪  8‬وا= 
" وه ‪ " 
JA‬أي‬
‫ا‪ L#X A L" # )D IB‬ا‪ L W‬و‪ A‬أر@; ‪ L‬ر@ ‪ A L‬ا ‪5‬ى ود‪ 8‬ا ‪ cJ‬وه‪-‬ان ا `‪m‬ن [ ‪ ;A# ; # K8‬و‪  5‬أي‬
‫‪V8‬ن ‪^  O‬ا وا ‪ ‡ g‬أن ‪V8‬ن ‪ W‬وا اب أن ‪V8‬ن ‪‘ KD .C8`" CA‬ه‪ .C  e‬و‪TOU L%m‬ص ‪! D‬‬
‫‪ D‬ا ‪ ; C‬أ= ه‪ 8-‬ا `‪ D ! D 
D m‬ا‪TOU‬ص آن ‪ D%A‬وه ا ‪8 8-‬اءون ا ‪%‬س و‪ D A‬ا ‪ .C‬آن ‪G [d‬ه‪T‬‬
‫و‪  5C G !A‬آن ‪ ; #‬ا ‪ " %AE‬ا ‪ 5%# ;B 8-‬أ= 
‪" # A‬ا و‪6‬وز ‪ " 5 @ #‬ا‪ ..8x‬و ‪-5‬ا ‪0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬وا‪IB‬‬
‫‪ ."A‬إاه =‪ "%‬وه ‪  JA‬وأ‪ L#B‬إ ! ‪8‬م ا ‪ .A‬آ  ‪0‬ل ‪ " ! C‬إن أو ! ا ‪%‬س ‪f‬اه "‪ 8-‬ا‪ eCB‬وه‪-‬ا ا ‪ " )B%‬ا‪.8x‬‬
‫و‪0‬ل ‪ Q " ! C‬أو=‪ %‬إ ‪ Z‬أن ا‪ ."A IB‬إاه =‪ %‬و‪ A‬آن ‪ A‬ا `آ " وا ‪ ]%J‬ه ا <; ‪ #‬ا `ك ‪0‬ا أي رآ‬
‫ ‪ # L‬ة و‪ !"# ;BA‬ا ‪^ L%# e8 [ L"V cJ‬د و[ ‪8‬د‪ L%# e‬راد و‪ " L 0‬وا‪ -g‬ا‪ W‬إاه ‪ " T"O‬وه‪-‬ا ‪ A‬ب‬
‫‪122‬‬

ID‫ ا ) ه) أر‬."g ‫ ا‬.G‫! إ ! در‬5‫ ا‬LfD L ‫د‬BC ‫ ا‬L ‫ب‬8 A .8r ! ‫ و^; إ‬o= L ‫ى‬8 ‫م‬A‫ إ‬LM L#B‫) ا‬D (r ‫ا‬
‫م‬0 ‫" ء ا
"] أي‬# A ‫ل آ‬0 !D‫ي و‬- ‫ وإاه ا‬L 0 )D L L^‫ آ  و‬L L#m ‫ة‬V [‫ ذاك إ‬A‫ و‬.BJ ‫ت ا‬AA
!"‫ ! وإذ ا‬C ‫ل‬0‫ و‬/^ # B‫ = و[ آ‬# ;"G A‫ أ‬L"/`8 [ ‫ن‬VD ‫دة‬BC ‫ت ا‬AA A ‫م‬A ;‫) آ‬D‫ و‬L A‫ أ‬A I 6
‫ل‬0‫ه و‬C .8x‫ وا‬.8x‫ ا `آ ا‬A Z8  ‫ و‬%= W 0 .A‫ ! إن إاه آن أ‬C ‫ل‬0‫ و‬.8x‫ ا‬5 ?D ‫" ت‬V L‫إاه ر‬
‫ذا‬CA ‫ إن‬: ‫ل‬0 ‫ ن‬A  ‫ و‬# # BG  C@ # RQ )‫(  أ‬B= # .BCX %Q= ‫ @" ن  =ب‬%Q= : ‫ري‬gB ‫ا‬
)D 8G ‫ ذآ ا‬0‫ و‬. ‫ أم إاه‬# ‫ت‬0  ‫ ا م‬A ;G‫ل ر‬D T"O ‫ إاه‬W‫ ا‬-g‫أ وا‬D KB ‫ ا‬5 !"^   ‫م ا‬0 
‫ل‬0‫ أه; ا ^; و‬A L ;"O ! ‫; إ‬J‫ر‬D ‫ب‬G L= ;‫ أ^ب أه‬L‫; أ‬G‫ أ‬A T"O W‫ ا‬e @  ‫ إ‬L‫ أ‬5aC # e 

‫’ت‬A  : ‫ل‬D ;A‫  زة ذات ر‬L"‫ أه‬A ‫ب‬0  "D LG= e%# (8 "D L"B0 A L"‫ه‬M ACm ‫  ر‬A ;‫ أه‬A 5aC 
<‫ا‬/ ‫) ا‬D A ‫ل‬JD Z ‫; ذ‬CD ‫ن‬BJ8   5‫ا أ) أ‬%Y ‫ة و‬A / 5 ‫) إ‬#G )"‫ أه‬/8 T ;A ‫ا ا‬-‫ ه‬A ‫ا<ي‬r
c0 ‫ ا‬# 5 ?
D v@D ‫وا‬2BO‫ و‬L%A ‫ا‬%6CD 0‫وا د‬GD <‫ا‬/ ‫ا ا‬JD L"‫م أه‬0‫ م و‬L 2%A ! ‫"  ^ر إ‬D 0‫; د‬A ‫ ا‬A
.J^ )D‫ و‬T"O Z - W‫ ا‬e
D W‫"") ا‬O %# A ‫ ه‬C ‫ل‬D Z""O %# A L R G ‫ي‬- ‫ ا‬c0 ‫ ا‬A ‫ ا‬D ‫وا‬2BO L%A ‫ي‬- ‫ا‬
L ‫م‬0  ;G‫ و‬2# L LBJA ‫ `ة‬W‫"; ا‬O ) @  ‫ب وإ‬-V8 [‫ق و‬8 [ "<‫ا إ@ا‬BO ‫ن‬V8 ‫ أن‬L8r‫ و‬Y L#0‫ا وو‬-‫ه‬ 
"@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ري أن ر@ل ا‬g ‫ ا‬C@ )‫ أ‬.8‫ روا‬A JJ ‫) ا‬D RBQ ‫ا‬-5 ‫ه و‬d8‫ و‬5BJ8 ) ‫ ا‬.#h ‫ ا‬A L
.DJ0 )‫  أ‬V ‫ت أ‬-g[ T"O ‫رض‬M‫ أه; ا‬A ‫ا‬-gA R%‫" آ‬D ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬58‫ أ‬C A‫ل " أ‬0 5BhO .BhO On )D 5BhO 
‫د‬C
A  W‫ ا‬B#‫ص و‬C ‫ و  ا‬#  W‫ ا‬B#‫") و‬6B ‫ ا‬W‫ ا‬B#  ‫ب‬%G c8m A ‫ء‬G‫ " و‬W‫"; ا‬O VB=^ V ‫ و‬T"O 
= ‫ ا‬B# %Q= : L8‫دو‬A  V ‫ل أ‬0‫" و‬T"O ‫ إاه‬-g‫ آ  ا‬T"O )-g‫ ا‬W‫ل " إن ا‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ ا‬#
.CA‫ ز‬%Q= )%J ‫ ا‬W‫ ا‬B# %Q= .V  )G‫ز‬6 ‫ب ا‬C8  ‫ إاه‬%Q= @‫;  أ=   أ‬# @‫ إ‬%Q= "
A   JA  
"@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ب ر@ل ا‬J^‫ أ‬A ‫"{ س‬G : ‫ل‬0 ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# .AV# # ‫  وهام‬. "@ # K ^ ‫أ‬
T"O L"O A -g‫ ا‬W‫( إن ا‬6# : ‫ل‬8 5aC ‫ وإذا‬58= I
D ‫اآون‬-8 5C @ 5%A ‫ج =! إذا د‬gD L‫و‬Y%8
W‫ ا‬eh^‫دم ا‬n On ‫ل‬0‫ و‬L "‫ وآ‬W‫
! روح ا‬CD On ‫ل‬0‫"  و‬V !@A "‫ آ‬W‫ أن ا‬A (6#? ‫ذا‬A On ‫ل‬0‫ و‬L""O ‫اه‬fD
‫دم‬n‫ و‬L "‫ وآ‬L=‫
! رو‬#‫ و‬L "‫@! آ‬A‫ و‬Z -‫ وه آ‬W‫"; ا‬O ‫ أن إاه‬VB6C‫ و‬VAT‫ آ‬RC @ 0 " ‫ل‬0‫
" و‬D 5"# ‫ج‬gD 
gD [‫ و‬I`A ‫ وأول‬IDX ‫ وأ أول‬gD [‫ و‬W‫( ا‬B= )‫ أ[ وإ‬: ‫ل‬0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫  ^"! ا‬JA Z -‫ وآ‬Z -‫ وه آ‬W‫ ا‬eh^‫ا‬
[‫ و‬.A ‫م ا‬8 8Ox‫و  وا‬M‫ وأ أآم ا‬gD [‫ و‬%AE ‫اء ا‬D )CA‫ و‬5%"O8‫ و‬W‫ ا‬KD .%6 ‫ ا‬."= ‫ك‬J8 A ‫وأ أول‬
: ‫ل‬0 L‫س أ‬B# ‫ ا‬# .AV# # ‫دة‬0 ‫ل‬0‫ه و‬r‫ح و‬J ‫) ا‬D ‫اه‬X LaCB ‫ و‬LG ‫ا ا‬-‫ ه‬A (8r o8= ‫ا‬-‫ " وه‬gD
)D ‫آ‬J ‫ ا‬e‫ روا‬. C G‫ أ‬5"# LAT@‫ و‬W‫  ^"ات ا‬J .8‫م @! وا ؤ‬TV ‫اه وا‬U ."g ‫ن ا‬V ‫ أن‬A ‫ن‬B6C‫أ‬
. <M‫ وا‬C ‫ وا‬.J ‫ ا‬A =‫ وا‬r‫ و‬Z A  {‫ أ‬# ‫ا روي‬-‫ وآ‬eGg8  ‫ري و‬gB ‫ط ا‬X !"# KJ^ ‫ل‬0‫ا 
رك و‬
)%C8 ‫ و‬# %Q= c@  C@ ‫) ا‬%C8  JA %Q= )%8‫و‬2 ‫ك ا‬B#  !J8 %Q= = )‫ل ا أ‬0‫ و‬.]"g ‫ ا
"] وا‬A
‫" { أ=ا‬8 A8 ‫ج‬gD ‫س‬% ‫] ا‬a8 ‫م‬T
‫ ا‬L"# ‫ آن إاه‬: ‫ل‬0  #  B# # X‫ أ) را‬# ^# # {0 )‫ا أ‬
‫ذن‬f 5"O‫ د‬: ‫ل‬0 )‫ إذ‬/ ‫ داري‬Z"O‫ أد‬A W‫ ا‬B# 8 : ‫ل‬D  <0 TG‫ ر‬5D GD e‫ إ ! دار‬IGD La8 ‫ أ=ا‬68 "D La8
)%BO‫ إن أ‬W‫ا‬D ‫ ه‬A ‫ل‬0 T"O e-g‫ ا‬0 W‫ ?ن ا‬e`‫ أ‬e‫د‬B# A B# ! ‫) ر) إ‬%"@‫ ا ت أر‬Z"A ‫ل أ‬0 R‫ أ‬A‫ل و‬0 5‫ر‬
)‫) ر‬-g‫ ا‬BD ‫ل‬0 C ‫ل‬0 ‫ل أ‬0 R‫ أ‬BC ‫ ا‬Z ‫ ذ‬: ‫ل‬0 ‫ ا ت‬%% ‫ق‬8 != ‫را‬G L ‫ [ أح‬Q L%x ‫د‬TB ‫! ا‬0? ‫ آن‬Q L 
‫ل‬0 ‫ 
ر‬8  ‫ق‬J@‫ إ‬#   ‫ ا‬%Q= ) "
‫  ا‬O  ‫ د‬JA %Q= )‫ أ‬%Q=‫ و‬. 5 ? 
[‫س و‬% ‫) ا‬hC Z‫ل إ‬0 ‫ ؟‬T"O
)D ‫ء‬G ‫ا‬-V‫اء وه‬5 ‫) ا‬D h ‫ن ا‬O I
8  ‫ آ‬C A I 
LB"0 ‫ن‬O ‫; =! أن‬G ‫ ا‬LB"0 )D ! ‫ أ‬T"O ‫ إاه‬W‫ ا‬-g‫ا‬
‫ء‬VB ‫ ا‬A 5"r X‫; إذا ا‬G ‫ ا‬28‫ آ?ز‬28‫ أز‬e‫ ر‬I
8 ‫ آن‬L‫ و@" أ‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬.^ . 
ًhِJAُ ‫)ْ ٍء‬X
َ ;Vُ ِ Lُ " ‫ض َوآَنَ ا‬
ِ ْ‫ِ) ا ْ?َر‬D َA‫ت َو‬
ِ ‫
َوَا‬
 ‫ِ) ا‬D َA Lِ " َِ‫و‬
[‫! و‬a0  ‫ [ راد‬Z ‫ ذ‬I G )D ‫ وه ا ف‬L"O‫ و‬eB#‫ و‬LV"A I 6 ‫رض أي ا‬M‫) ا‬D A‫) ا 
ات و‬D A W‫ و‬L 0‫و‬
L "# ‫ أي‬hJA ‫)ء‬X ;V W‫ وآن ا‬L 0‫ و‬L =‫ ور‬Lh ‫ و‬L V=‫ و‬L #‫ و‬L‫ر‬0‫ و‬L YC ;C8  # ‫
?ل‬8 [‫ و‬V=  (CA
Z ‫ ذ‬A /^‫رض و[ أ‬M‫) ا‬D [‫) ا 
ات و‬D ‫ل ذرة‬A L "# # ‫ب‬2C8 [‫ و‬e‫د‬B# A .DO L"# !g [ Z ‫ ذ‬I G )D -D
‫ ارى‬A‫ و‬8‘%" ‫ ذرة  اءى‬L"# !g [‫ و‬B‫ و[ أآ‬.

Allah then mentions the condition of the content righteous believers and the perfect honor
they will earn in the end. Allah said, 
ِ‫َت‬J"ِ‫ ِ "ُاْ ا ـ‬#
َ ‫ُاْ َو‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫وَا‬
(And those who believe and do righteous good deeds,) meaning, their hearts were truthful and
123

their limbs obedient with the righteous acts they were commanded, all the while abandoning
the evil they were prohibited from doing. 
ُ‫َـ‬5ْ[” ‫َ ا‬5ِ ْJَ ِA ‫ِْى‬6َ R
ٍ ‫ـ‬%G
َ ُْ5ُ"O
ِ ْ%ُ @
َ 
(We shall admit them to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise)) meaning, they will think
of where they want these rivers to flow and they will flow there, 
ً‫َ€ َأَا‬5ِD 
َ 8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O
(to dwell therein forever), without end or being removed from it. 
Š=
َ Lِ " ‫َ ا‬#
ْ ‫ َو‬
(Allah's promise is the truth), meaning, this is a true promise from Allah, and verily, Allah's
promise shall come to pass. Allah then said, 
ًTِ0 ِL" ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ُ‫^ َق‬
ْ ‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ‫ َو‬
(and whose words can be truer than those of Allah) meaning, none is more truthful in
statement and narration than Allah. There is no deity worthy of worship, or Lord except Him.
The Messenger of Allah used to proclaim in his speech,
.َ#ِْ ; ‫ َو ُآ‬،ٌ.#
َ ِْ ٍ.Qَ َ J
ْ Aُ ;‫ َو ُآ‬،َ5ُ َQَJ
ْ Aُ ‫ُ ِر‬A?ُْ ‫  ا‬X
َ ‫ َو‬،ّ"@‫ و‬L"# W‫َ  ٍ^"! ا‬JAُ ُ‫ْيِ َهْي‬5َ ْ ‫َ ْ َ ا‬O‫ َو‬،ِW‫ آَ"َ ُم ا‬o
ِ 8ِJ
َ ْ ‫ق ا‬
َ َ ^
ْ ‫ن َأ‬
 ‫»ِإ‬
«‫ر‬% ‫ِ) ا‬D .ٍ ََ"d
َ ;‫ َو ُآ‬،ٌ. ََ"َd
(The most truthful speech is Allah's Speech, and the best guidance is the guidance of
Muhammad. The worst matters are the newly invented (in religion), every newly invented
matter is an innovation, and every innovation is a heresy, and every heresy is in the Fire.)
Qatadah said, "We were told that the Muslims and the People of the Scriptures mentioned
their own virtues to each other. People of the Scriptures said, `Our Prophet came before your
Prophet and our Book before your Book. Therefore, we should have more right to Allah than
you have.' Muslims said, `Rather, we have more right to Allah than you, our Prophet is the
Final Prophet and our Book supersedes all the Books before it.' Allah sent down, 
ِLِ 2َ 6
ْ 8ُ ‫ َ ;ْ @ُءًا‬Cْ 8َ َA (
ِ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫َ ِ! َأ ْه ِ; ا‬A‫ُْ وَ[ َأ‬V %ِ ‫َـ‬A?َِ {
َ ْ  
(It will not be in accordance with your desires (Muslims), nor those of the People of the
Scripture (Jews and Christians), whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof), 
ٌ

ِ J
ْ Aُ َ ُ‫ َوه‬W Lُ 5َ G
ْ ‫  ْ َأ@َْ"َ َو‬Aِ ً%8ِ‫ د‬
ُ

َ =
ْ ‫ َأ‬
ْ Aَ ‫ َو‬
(And who can be better in religion than one who submits his face (himself) to Allah; and he is
a Muhsin.) Allah then supported the argument of the Muslims against their opponents of the
other religions.'' Similar statements were attributed to As-Suddi, Masruq, Ad-Dahhak and
Abu Salih. Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on this Ayah 4:123, "The followers
of various religions disputed, the people of the Tawrah said, `Our Book is the best Book and
our Prophet (Musa) is the best Prophet. ' The people of the Injil said similarly, the people of
Islam said, `There is no religion except Islam, our Book has abrogated every other Book, our
124

Prophet is the Final Prophet, and you were commanded to believe in your Books and adhere
to our Book.' Allah judged between them, saying, o 
ِLِ 2َ 6
ْ 8ُ ‫ َ ;ْ @ُءًا‬Cْ 8َ َA (
ِ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫َ ِ! َأ ْه ِ; ا‬A‫ُْ وَ[ َأ‬V %ِ ‫َـ‬A?َِ {
َ ْ  
(It will not be in accordance with your desires, nor those of the People of the Scripture,
whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof).'' This Ayah indicates that the
religion is not accepted on account of wishful thinking or mere hopes. Rather, the accepted
religion relies on what resides in the heart and which is made truthful through actions. It is
not true that when one utters a claim to something, he attains it merely on account of his
claim. It is not true that every person who claims to be on the truth is considered as such,
merely on account of his words, until his claim gains merit with proof from Allah. Hence
Allah's statement, 
ِLِ 2َ 6
ْ 8ُ ‫ َ ;ْ @ُءًا‬Cْ 8َ َA (
ِ ‫َـ‬Vِ ْ ‫َ ِ! َأ ْه ِ; ا‬A‫ُْ وَ[ َأ‬V %ِ ‫َـ‬A?َِ {
َ ْ  
(It will not be in accordance with your desires, nor those of the People of the Scripture,
whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof), meaning safety will not be acquired
by you or them just by wishful thinking. Rather, the key is in obeying Allah and following
what He has legislated through the words of His honorable Messengers. This is why Allah said
afterwards, 
ِLِ 2َ 6
ْ 8ُ ‫ َ ;ْ @ُءًا‬Cْ 8َ َA
(whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof,) Similarly, Allah said, 
eُ َ8َ ‫ ًّا‬X
َ ٍ‫ َْ َل َذ رة‬Aِ ْ; َ ‫ْـ‬C8َ َA‫ َو‬- eُ َ َ8 ‫ًَْا‬O ‫ َْ َل َذر ٍة‬Aِ ْ;َ Cْ َ8 َ Dَ 
(So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it. And whosoever does evil
equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it.) and it was reported that when these Ayat were
revealed, they became hard on many Companions. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `A'ishah said,
"I said, `O Messenger of Allah! I know the hardest Ayah in the Qur'an.' He said, `What is it,
O `A'ishah!' I said, 
ِLِ 2َ 6
ْ 8ُ ‫ َ ;ْ @ُءًا‬Cْ 8َ َA
(whoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof,) He said,
«َ5ُBVَ %ْ 8ُ .ِ َBVْ % ‫=! ا‬
َ ،َAِ ْE ُ ْ ‫َا‬Bْ َC ْ ‫( ا‬
ُ ِ8ُ َA َ ‫» ُه‬
(That is what strikes the believing servant, even the problems that bother him.)'' Ibn Jarir
and Abu Dawud also recorded this Hadith. Sa`id bin Mansur recorded that Abu Hurayrah
said, "When the Ayah, 
Lِ َ26
ْ 8ُ ‫ َ ;ْ @ُءًا‬Cْ 8َ َA (whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof,) was revealed, it
was hard on Muslims. The Messenger of Allah said to them,
«َ5ُBVَ %ْ 8ُ .ِ Bَ Vْ ‫ـ‬% ‫ وَا‬،َ5ُ‫`َآ‬8ُ .ِ ‫=! ا `ْ َآ‬
َ ،ً‫
ِ"ُ َآ َرة‬
ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ِ ‫ب‬
ُ َ8ُ َA ;‫ِ) ُآ‬D ‫ن‬
 fَِD ،‫َ ِرُا‬0‫@دُوا َو‬
َ»
(Be steadfast and seek closeness. Everything that afflicts the Muslim, even the thorn that
125

pierces his skin and the hardship he suffers, will be an expiation for him.)'' This is the
wording collected by Ahmad through Sufyan bin `Uyaynah. Muslim and At-Tirmidhi also
recorded it. Allah's statement, 
‫ َو ِ ًّ َو َ[ َِا‬Lِ " ‫ن ا‬
ِ ‫ِ دُو‬A Lُ َ ْ6
ِ 8َ [َ ‫(  َو‬and he will not find any protector or helper besides Allah,) `Ali
bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said; "Unless he repents and Allah forgives him.''
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded it. Allah then said, 
ٌAِ ْEAُ َ ‫ِ َذآَ ٍ َأوْ أَُ! َو ُه‬A R
َ ‫َـ‬Jِ"‫ ا ـ‬
َ Aِ ْ; َ Cْ َ8 َA‫ َو‬
(And whoever does righteous good deeds, male or female, and is a believer). Allah mentions
the recompense for evil actions and that He will surely inflict its punishment on the servant,
either in this life, which is better for him, or in the Hereafter, we seek refuge with Allah from
this end. We also beg Allah for our well-being in this life and the Hereafter and for His
forgiveness, mercy and pardon. Allah then mentions His kindness, generosity and mercy in
accepting the good deeds from His servants, whether male or female, with the condition that
they embrace the faith. He also stated that He will admit the believers into Paradise and will
not withhold any of their righteous deeds, even the weight of a Naqir - speck on the back of a
date-stone. Earlier, we discussed the Fatil - the scalish thread in the long slit of a date-stone,
and both of these, along with the Qitmir -- the thin membrane over the date-stone were
mentioned in the Qur'an. Allah then said, 
W Lُ 5َ ْG‫ ْ َأ@َْ" َ َو‬Aِ ً%8ِ‫ د‬
ُ

َ ْ=‫ْ َأ‬Aَ ‫(  َو‬And who can be better in religion than one who submits his face
to Allah.) meaning, performs the good actions in sincerity for his Lord with faith and awaiting
the reward with Allah, 
ٌ

ِ ْJAُ َ ‫ َو ُه‬
(and he is a Muhsin) following the correct guidance that Allah legislated in the religion of
truth which He sent His Messenger with. These are the two conditions, in the absence of which
no deed will be accepted from anyone; sincerity and correctness. The work is sincere when it
is performed for Allah alone and it becomes correct when it conforms to the Shari`ah. So, the
deed becomes outwardly correct with following the Sunnah and inwardly correct with
sincerity. When any deed lacks either of these two conditions, the deed becomes null and void.
For instance, when one lacks the pillar of sincerity in his work, he becomes a hypocrite who
shows off for people. Whoever does not follow the Shari`ah, he becomes an ignorant, wicked
person. When one combines both pillars, his actions will be the deeds of the faithful believers
whose best deeds are accepted from them and their errors erased. Consequently, Allah said, 
ًِ%=
َ َ ِ‫ ِإ َْه‬.َ "Aِ Iَ Bَ  ‫وا‬
(And follows the religion of Ibrahim the Hanif (Monotheist). ) referring to Muhammad and
his following, until the Day of Resurrection. Allah said, 
‚!Bِ % ‫َا ا‬-‫ َوهَـ‬eُ ُCBَ ‫َ ا‬8ِ-"َ َ ِ‫ ْ َه‬fِِ ‫س‬
ِ % ‫ن َأوْ َ! ا‬
 ‫ِإ‬
(Verily, among mankind who have the best claim to Ibrahim are those who followed him, and
this Prophet), and, 
ِ‫` ِآ‬
ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ َ‫َ آَن‬A‫ًِ َو‬%=
َ َ ِ‫ ِإْ َه‬.َ "Aِ ْIBِ  ‫ن ا‬
ِ ‫ َأ‬Z
َ ْ َ‫َ€ ِإ‬%ْ=
َ ْ‫  َأو‬Qُ  (Then, We have sent the Revelation to you
126

(saying): "Follow the religion of Ibrahim the Hanif (Monotheist) and he was not of the
Mushrikin). The Hanif, intentionally and with knowledge, avoids Shirk, he goes attentively to
the truth, allowing no one to hinder him or stop him from it.
Allah's statement, 
ًTِ"O
َ َ ِ‫ ِإ َْه‬Lُ " ‫َ ا‬-g
َ  ‫وَا‬
(And Allah did take Ibrahim as a Khalil (an intimate friend)!) encourages following Ibrahim
Al-Khalil, because he was and still is an Imam whose conduct is followed and imitated.
Indeed, Ibrahim reached the ultimate closeness to Allah that the servants seek, for he attained
the grade of Khalil, which is the highest grade of love. He acquired all this due to his
obedience to His Lord, just as Allah has described him, 
!D‫ِى َو‬- ‫(  َوِإ َْهَِ ا‬And of Ibrahim, the one who fulfilled), 
ُ5  َ ?ََD R
ٍ ‫ِ" َـ‬Vَ ِ Lُ ‚ ‫(  َوِإ ِذ ا َْ"َ! ِإ ْ َهِ َ َر‬And (remember) when the Lord of Ibrahim tried him with
(certain) commands, which he fulfilled), and, 
ِ‫` ِآ‬
ْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ Z
ُ 8َ ْ َ‫ًِ َو‬%َ= Lِ "ِ ً%ِ ‫َـ‬0 .ً A ‫ن ِإ ْ َهِ َ آَنَ ُأ‬
 ‫(  ِإ‬Verily, Ibrahim was an Ummah, obedient to Allah,
a Hanif, and he was not one of the Mushrikin). Al-Bukhari recorded that `Amr bin Maymun
said that when Mu`adh came back from Yemen, he led them in the Fajr prayer and recited, 
ًTِ"O
َ َ ِ‫ ِإ َْه‬Lُ " ‫َ ا‬-g
َ  ‫وَا‬
(And Allah did take Ibrahim as a Khalil!) One of the men present commented, "Surely, the
eye of Ibrahim's mother has been comforted.'' Ibrahim was called Allah's Khalil due to his
Lord's great love towards him, on account of the acts of obedience he performed that Allah
loves and prefers. We should mention here that in the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Abu
Sa`id Al-Khudri said that when the Messenger of Allah gave them his last speech, he said,
«W‫"ِ ُ; ا‬O
َ ْVُ Bُ ِ=َ^ ْVِ َ‫ و‬،ً"ِ"َO .َ Dَ َJ0ُ )ِ‫ َأ‬
َ ْ ‫ ِ ا‬Vْ َ َ‫ت َأ‬
ُ ْ-َg َ ،ً"ِ"َO ‫ض‬
ِ ْ‫ْ َأ ْه ِ; ا ْ ?َر‬Aِ ‫ًا‬-g
ِ  Aُ R
ُ %ْ ‫َ"َْ ُآ‬D ‫س‬
ُ % ‫َ ا‬58‚ ‫ َأ‬،ُCْ َ A‫»َأ‬
(O people! If I were to take a Khalil from the people of the earth, I would have taken Abu
Bakr bin Abi Quhafah as my Khalil. However, your companion (meaning himself) is the
Khalil of Allah.) Jundub bin `Abdullah Al-Bajali, `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As and
`Abdullah bin Mas`ud narrated that the Prophet said,
«ً"ِ"O
َ َ ِ‫َ ِإ َْاه‬-g
َ  ‫ َآ َ ا‬،ً"ِ"O
َ )ِ-َ َg ‫ ا‬W
َ ‫نا‬
 ‫( »ِإ‬Allah has chosen me as His Khalil, just as He has chosen
Ibrahim as His Khalil.) Allah's statement, 
‫ِ! ا ”[رْض‬D َA‫ت َو‬
ِ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫ِ! ا‬D َA Lِ " َ‫( و‬And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in
the earth.) means, everything and everyone are His property, servants and creation, and He
has full authority over all of this. There is no one who can avert Allah's decision or question
His judgment. He is never asked about what He does due to His might, ability, fairness,
wisdom, compassion and mercy. Allah's statement, 
hِJA‚ ‫َ!ْ ٍء‬X ; Vُ ِ Lُ " ‫ن ا‬
َ َ‫(  َوآ‬And Allah is Ever Encompassing all things.) means, His knowledge
encompasses everything and nothing concerning His servants is ever hidden from Him.
Nothing, even the weight of an atom, ever escapes His observation in the heavens and
127

20. QS An Nisa' 4:80 
L" ‫ع ا‬
َ َm‫َْ َأ‬Dَ ‫ ا @ُ َل‬Iِ ِh8ُ ْA
4:80. Barang siapa yang menaati Rasul itu, sesungguhnya ia telah menaati Allah. ...
(80. He who obeys the Messenger, has indeed obeyed Allah, ... 
‫ 
ا آ‬ 
ًYِ=
َ ْ5ِ ْ "َ#
َ َ‫َك‬%"ْ َ@ْ‫ َ َأر‬Dَ ! َ َ َْA‫ َو‬Lَ " ‫ع ا‬
َ َm‫َْ َأ‬Dَ ‫ ا @ُ َل‬Iِ ِh8ُ ْAَ
LM [‫ ذاك إ‬A‫ و‬W‫! ا‬# D e# A‫ و‬W‫ع ا‬m‫ أ‬D L#m‫ أ‬A ‫ و@" ?ن‬L"# W‫  ^"! ا‬JA L @‫ ور‬eB# # ! C Bg8
K ^ )‫ أ‬# w #M‫ ا‬# .8‫و‬CA ‫ أ‬%Q= ‫ن‬%@   =‫ أ‬%Q= : = )‫ل ا أ‬0 !=8 )=‫ى إن ه إ[ و‬5 ‫ ا‬# ch%8 A 
A‫ و‬W‫! ا‬# D )# A‫ و‬W‫ع ا‬m‫ أ‬D )%#m‫ أ‬A " "@‫ و‬L n !"#‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 ‫ة‬8‫ أ) ه‬# 
A‫ " و‬L 0‫ و‬. L w #M‫ ا‬# JJ ‫) ا‬D RQ o8J ‫ا ا‬-‫) " وه‬# D AM‫! ا‬# A‫) و‬%#m‫ أ‬D AM‫ع ا‬m‫أ‬
L ;= A Y GM‫ ا‬A Z ‫ وآن‬6‫ و‬C@ ZCB‫  ا‬D ‫غ‬TB ‫ إ[ ا‬Z"# ‫ إن‬L%A Z"# A ‫ " أي‬Y= 5"# ‫ك‬%"@‫  أر‬D ! 
W‫‡ ا‬C8 A‫ و‬X‫ ر‬D L @‫ ور‬W‫ ا‬Ih8 A " o8J ‫) ا‬D ‫ء‬G  ‫)ء آ‬X eA‫ أ‬A Z"# { ‫ 
و‬O‫ب و‬O Z%# !  A‫و‬
L 
[‫ إ‬a8 [ LfD L @‫ " ور‬.
Allah states that whoever obeys His servant and Messenger, Muhammad , obeys Allah; and
whoever disobeys him, disobeys Allah. Verily, whatever the Messenger utters is not of his own
desire, but a revelation inspired to him. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that
the Messenger of Allah said,
«)َِ#
َ َْ َD َ ِA?َْ ‫َ! ا‬#
َ ْAَ ‫ َو‬،)ِ%#
َ َm‫َْ َأ‬Dَ َ ِA?َ ْ ‫َعَ ا‬m‫ْ َأ‬Aَ َ‫ و‬،َW‫َ! ا‬#
َ َْDَ )َِ#
َ ْAَ ‫ َو‬،َW‫ع ا‬
َ َm‫َْ َأ‬Dَ )ِ%َ#َm‫ْ َأ‬Aَ »
(Whoever obeys me, obeys Allah; and whoever disobeys me, disobeys Allah. Whoever obeys
the Amir (leader, ruler), obeys me; and whoever disobeys the Amir, disobeys me.) This Hadith
was recorded in the Two Sahihs. Allah's statement, 
ًYِ=
َ ْ5ِ ْ َ"#
َ Z
َ ‫َـ‬%"ْ @
َ ْ‫ َ€ َأر‬Dَ ! ََ َA‫ َو‬
(But he who turns away, then We have not sent you as a watcher over them.) means, do not
worry about him. Your job is only to convey, and whoever obeys you, he will acquire
happiness and success and you will gain a similar reward to that he earns. As for the one who
turns away from you, he will gain failure and loss and you will not carry a burden because of
what he does. A Hadith states,
«Lَ
َْ  ‫ ‚ ِإ‬a
ُ 8َ َ Lُ  fَِD Lُ َُ@‫ َو َر‬W
َ ‫‡ِ ا‬Cْ َ8 ْAَ ‫ َو‬،َX
َ ‫َْ َر‬Dَ Lُ َُ@‫ وَ َر‬W
َ ‫ ا‬Iِ h
ِ 8ُ ْAَ »
(Whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, will acquire guidance; and whoever disobeys Allah
and His Messenger, will only harm himself.)

128

21. QS An Nisa' 4:43 
‫َ! أَو‬dْA ُ%ُ‫
"ُاْ َوِإنْ آ‬
ِ َ ْ/َ !=
َ ;ٍ ِB@
َ ‫َ ِِى‬# [ ‫ً ِإ‬Bُ%ُG [َ ‫ن َو‬
َ ُ َُ َA ‫َْ" ُ ْا‬Cَ !=
َ ‫َـَى‬V@
ُ ُْ َ‫"َةَ َوأ‬
 ‫َ َ َُْاْ ا‬T%َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8
L" ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ُْ ِإ‬V8َ ِ8ْ ‫ْ َوَأ‬Vُ ِ‫ُه‬Gُ ِ ْ‫ُا‬J

َ Aْ َD ًBm
َ ‫ًِا‬C^
َ ْ‫ََ َ  ُا‬D ‫َ€ ًء‬A ْ‫ُِوا‬6َ ْ"ََD ‫
َ€ َء‬% ‫
ُ ُ ا‬
ْ َ ‫َ€ ِ<ِ َأوْ َـ‬/ْ ‫ ا‬A ُْV%ْ A ٌ=
َ ‫َ€ َء َأ‬G ْ‫@ َ ٍ َأو‬
َ !َ"#
َ
‫ُرا‬r
َ ‫ ُ ًّا‬#
َ َ‫آَن‬
4:43. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, janganlah kamu salat, sedang kamu dalam keadaan
mabuk, sehingga kamu mengerti apa yang kamu ucapkan, (jangan pula hampiri mesjid)
sedang kamu dalam keadaan junub, terkecuali sekedar berlalu saja, hingga kamu mandi.
Dan jika kamu sakit atau sedang dalam musafir atau kembali dari tempat buang air atau
kamu telah menyentuh perempuan, kemudian kamu tidak mendapat air, maka
bertayamumlah kamu dengan tanah yang baik (suci); sapulah mukamu dan tanganmu.
Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Pemaaf lagi Maha Pengampun.
(43. O you who believe! Do not approach Salah while you are in a druken state until you know
what you are saying, nor while Junub (sexually impure), except while passing through, until
you bathe (your entire body), and if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes from the
Gha'it (toilet), or from Lamastum (touching) women, but you do not find water, then perform
Tayammum with clean earth, rubbing your faces and hands. Truly, Allah is Ever OftPardoning, Oft-Forgiving.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
!َdْAَ ُْ ْ%‫
"ُا َوِإنْ ُآ‬
ِ َ /ْ َ !=
َ ;ٍ ِB@
َ ‫َ ِِي‬#  ‫ً ِإ‬B%ُ G
ُ َ َ‫ن و‬
َ ُ َُ َA ‫َ" ُا‬Cْ َ !=
َ ‫َرَى‬V@
ُ ُْ ْ ‫"َةَ َوَأ‬
 ‫ُا َ َ ْ َُا ا‬%Aَ n 
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8‫َ َأ‬8
L" ‫ْ ِإن ا‬Vُ 8ِ8ْ ‫ْ َوَأ‬Vُ ‫ُ ِه‬Gُ ِ ‫ُا‬J

َ Aْ َD ًB m
َ ‫ًِا‬C^
َ ‫َ َ  ُا‬Dَ ‫َ ًء‬A ‫ُوا‬6
ِ َ ْ"ََD ‫
َ َء‬% ‫
ُ ُ ا‬
ْ Aَ َ ْ‫ َأو‬
ِ <ِ َ/ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ُْV%ْ Aِ ٌ=
َ ‫َ َء َأ‬G ْ‫@ َ ٍ َأو‬
َ !َ"َ# ْ‫َأو‬
‫ ُŠا‬#
َ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫آ‬
)ِ ‫َ ا‬5ّ َJAَ ‫َْن‬0ُ ْ#
َ ‫ُل َو‬8َ َA )"
َ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬Lُ Cَ Aَ ‫ْرِي‬8َ َ ‫ِي‬- ‫ْ ا‬V

‚ ‫ِ) =َل ا‬D ‫"َة‬
 ‫ْ; ا‬CDِ ْ#
َ َِ%Aِ Eْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬e‫َد‬B#
ِ !َ َCَ ‫ك َو‬
َ َ‫َر‬Bَ !َ5%ْ 8َ
‫ِي‬- ‫ ا‬o8ِJ
َ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ ‫ ْ َآ َ َدل‬g
َ ْ ‫ ا‬8ِJ
ْ َ ;ْB0َ ‫َا‬-‫ن َه‬
َ َ‫ْ آ‬0َ ‫ َو‬, oْVAُ ْr
َ ْAِ ‫ْ َب ِإ َ! َب‬Aِ ‫َزًا‬6
ْ Aُ ‫ُن‬V8َ ْ‫( إِ  َأن‬
ِ %ُ ُ6"ْ ِ ِGَ
َ ْ ‫) ا‬
َ ‫ِه‬
!َ"#
َ َ‫@"َ َ"َه‬
َ َ‫ و‬Lِ ْ "ََ# L" ‫ ^َ"! ا‬L" ‫ن َر@ُل ا‬fَِD . .َ8€ْ ‫ ْ وَا ْ َ ْ
ِ " ا‬g
َ ْ ‫ْ ا‬#
َ Zَُ َ?

ْ 8َ " !َ َCَ L َْ0 ْ%#
ِ ‫ ََة‬Bَ ْ ‫ِ) @ُرَة ا‬D ُeََْ‫َذآ‬
" ًِDَX ًََ ْ g
َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D َ% َ َْ  5ُ " ‫َ َل " ا‬Dَ Lِ ْ "ََ# َ‫ َ"َه‬.َ8€ْ ‫ ا‬eِ ِ-‫ْ َه‬R َ2َ َ  "ََD " ًDِ َX ًََ ْ g
َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D َ% َ ْ َ  5ُ " ‫ََ َل " ا‬D َ ُ# 
ِA {ْG‫ ْ وَا ْ َ ْ
ِ وَا ْ ?َ َْب وَا ْ َ?زْ َم ِر‬g
َ ْ ‫ُا ِإ  َ ا‬%Aَ n 
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58ّ ‫َ َأ‬8 " ْR َ2َ َ !=
َ ‫"ََات‬
 ‫َت ا‬0ْ‫ِ) َأو‬D ْ g
َ ْ ‫`َُنَ ا‬
ْ 8َ َ ‫َُا‬VDَ 
َ# ;ِ<‫@َا‬
ْ ‫ ِإ‬.َ8‫ِ) رِوَا‬D‫ َو‬. َ%ْ َ5َ ْ ‫َ ِا‬%ْ َ5َ ْ ‫ ِا‬: َ #
ُ ‫ََ َل‬D ‫ن‬
َ ُ5َ %ْ Aُ ُْ ْ‫;ْ َأ‬5َ Dَ !َ َCَ L َْ0 !َ ‫ن " ِإ‬
َ ُJِ"ْ ُ ْVُ "Cَ َ ُeُB%ِ َ ْGَD ‫َن‬hْ ` ‫ َ; ا‬#
َ
" ‫
َء‬% ‫ِ) ا‬D )ِ ‫ ا‬.َ8€ْ ‫ ا‬R
ْ َ 2َ َ%Dَ : Lِ ِD‫ َو‬o8َِJ ْ ‫ َآ َ ا‬-َ َD ْ g
َ ْ ‫ ا‬8ِْJَ .ِ0 )ِD ‫ب‬hg
َ ْ ‫ َ ْ ا‬#
ُ ْ#
َ ;ِBْ=َ ُX ْ َ #
ُ ْ#
َ ‫َق‬J@
ْ ‫َأِ) ِإ‬
‫@" َ ِإذَا‬
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ L" ‫ ^َ"! ا‬L" ‫َدِي َر@ُل ا‬%Aُ َ‫َن‬VDَ " ‫ن‬
َ ُ َُ َA ‫َْ" ُا‬Cَ !=
َ ‫َرَى‬V@
ُ ُْ ْ َ‫ُا َ َْ َُا ا "َة َوأ‬%َAn 
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58ّ ‫َ َأ‬8 
َِ= )ِ‫ ِاْ َأ‬eُ ‫َ َروَا‬A .َ8€ْ ‫ ا‬eِ -ِ ‫ُول َه‬2ُ (َBَ@ )ِD .َBْ َX )ِ‫ َوذَ َآ َ ِاْ َأ‬.‫ َأِ) دَاوُد‬vْ َ ‫َان‬Vْ @
َ ‫"َة‬
 ‫ْ ََ ا‬8َ َ ْ‫َدِي َأن‬%ُ8 ‫ْ ا "َة‬RAَ َ0
: َ‫َل‬0 ْC@
َ ْ#
َ ‫ث‬J
َ 8ُ ْC@
َ ْ (َC
ْ Aُ RْC ِ @
َ : َ‫َل‬0 ‫=ْب‬
َ ْ ‫@ َك‬
ِ )َِ Bَ ْO‫ َأ‬.َBCْ X
ُ َ%Qَ َ= ‫َ َأُ دَاوُد‬%Qَ =
َ (ِBَ= ْ {ُُ8 َ%Qَ  َ= 
ُQ َِْV@
َ !=
َ َ%ْ ِ X
َ َ‫َ و‬%"ْ َ‫َ?آ‬Dَ ‫ْ ا ْ ?َ َْر‬Aِ ً@َ‫َ َوُأ‬8ِِGَ5 ُ ْ ‫ْ ا‬Aِ ً@َ‫َ ُأ‬#َDَ ًAَCm
َ ‫ْ ا َْ? َْر‬Aِ ;ُG‫ َر‬Iَ %َ ^
َ ‫َت‬8n Iَْ‫ِ) َأر‬D ْR َ2َ َ 
َ ‫ُا‬%Aَ n َ8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58ّ ‫َ َأ‬8 " ْR ََ2%َ َD ْ g
َ ْ ‫ ا‬8ِْJَ ;ْBَ0 Z
َ َِ‫ُوز ا ْ َ?ْ] َوذ‬/ْ Aَ ْC@
َ ‫ن‬
َ َVDَ ْC@
َ ]ْ‫َ َأ‬5ِ ‫َ َز‬/َ Dَ ِCَ )ْJَ ;ُG‫ َر‬Iَ َDَ َD ََْgَ Dْ ‫ِا‬ 
َ# ‫ُق‬m
ُ ْAِ ْLG
َ َA ْ‫َ ِإ  ِا‬%

‚ ‫ َأهْ; ا‬eُ ‫ وَ َروَا‬.َBCْ X
ُ .َ8‫ْ ِروَا‬Aِ ِ"

ْ Aُ ْ%#
ِ Lِ ُِhِ o8َِJ ْ ‫ وَا‬. .َ8€ْ ‫َرَى " ا‬V@
ُ ْ ُْ‫"َة َوَأ‬
 ‫َْ َُا ا‬ 
َ# َCْ G
َ ُ‫َ َأ‬%Qَ =
َ )
ّ Vِ َ X
ْ  ‫ ا‬L" ‫ْ ا‬B#
َ ْ َ =
ْ  ‫ْ ا‬Bَ# َ%َQ َ= ‫ ر‬#
َ ْ  J
َ Aُ َ%Qَ =
َ َِ= )ِ‫َلَ ِاْ َأ‬0 " َOn (َB@
َ " Lِ ِ ‫@ َك‬
ِ 
ََ@
َ ‫ََ َو‬#َDَ ًAَCm
َ ‫ْف‬#
َ ْ َ =
ْ  ‫ْ ا‬B#
َ َ% َ Iَ %َ ^
َ : ‫َ َل‬0 (ِ َm )َِ‫) ْ أ‬
ّ "ِ#
َ ْ#
َ )
ّ ِ "َ

‚ ‫= َ ا‬
ْ  ‫ْ ا‬Bَ# )ِ‫َْ َأ‬# (ِ<
‫َء ْ ا‬h#
َ 
َA ُBCْ َ ُJ
ْ َ ‫ُونَ َو‬Bُ Cْ َ َA ُBْ#‫َ َأ‬A َ‫ُِون‬DَV ْ ‫َ ا‬5ّ8‫َ َأ‬8 ْ;0ُ : ‫َ َََأ‬D ‫َ َل‬0 ًَ"ُD ‫ُا‬A َ َD ‫ َتْ ا "َة‬a
َ َ=‫ َو‬%Aِ ْ g
َ ْ ‫َتْ ا‬-O
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‫‪َ )ِD R‬‬
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‫=َ‪َ L‬‬
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ْ‪ِ ِ6‬إ  ‪َ .َOَْO‬أِ) َ‪ " ْV‬وَ َه‪َ-‬ا ‪َ ِOn )ِD ُL ََ0‬‬
‫@‚وا ُآ ّ; َ‬
‫" ُ‬

 ا ْ?َ َْاب ا ` ِر‪ِ .َ#‬إ َ!‬
‫"ُ‪َ ِ َ Aَ ?َDَ َِ "ِْ
ُ "ْ ِ K‬‬

‪َ ِ6‬آًِا ِ"ُْ?‪ِ ُA‬ر ا ْ ُ ِ‪ْ َ8 َ ِD . 5‬‬
‫@ َ"ِ) ا َْ?‪َ eْCَ ْA‬و َ‪َْJ8‬ج ِإ َ! ا ‚‪ُO‬ل ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪َ Lُ %ْ #‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪َ . KِJ‬و‪ِA‬‬
‫‪ )ِD R‬ا ‬
‫َاب ‪َ Bَ Qَ َA‬‬
‫‪ ?َhO‬وَا ‬
‫) َآ َ َو‪ ‰ْCَ )ِD Iَ َ0‬ا
‚‪َ َ 5ُ َD َ%‬‬
‫‪ّ "ِ#‬‬
‫‪َ Lُ %ْ #‬و َ‪َ ْA‬روَى إِ  َب َ‬
‫) ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َd‬‬

‪ِ ِ6‬إ  َ‪َ L‬ر ِ‬
‫ا ْ َ ْ‬

‪َ ِ6‬و َ‪ُ68‬ز َ ُ‪ L‬ا ْ ُُور َو َآ‪َ-‬ا ا ْ ‪ ‰ِ<َJ‬وَا ‪َ 
َ ‚%‬ء َأ ْ‪)ِD ًa8‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬أ ُ‪ُْJ8َ L‬م ‪ !َ"َ#‬ا ْ ‪ (ُ%ُ6‬ا ْ ُ‪ )ِD oْV‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫Œ َآِ ِ‪ ْA‬ا َْ? ِ< ‪َ .‬‬
‫=َ ‬
‫َه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪ِ .َ8‬ا ْ‬
‫=َة ِ‪ َ 5ُ ْ%A‬ا "ِْ‪َ= )ِD o8‬ل ا ْ ُُور ‪َG‬ز‬
‫= ِ َ ِل ا  ْ"ِ‪َ o8‬و ِ‪َ َ0 ْAَ ْ5ُ ْ%A‬ل ِإنْ َأ ِ‪ُ ْR%َ A‬آ ّ; وَا ِ‬
‫‪ُJ‬م ‪ُُA‬وره َ ِ ْ‬
‫ن َ‪َ0 ْ5aْC‬لَ َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫َ‪ِ ُeَ%Cْ A‬إ  َأ ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و@َ" َ "‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫) ا "‪َ َ0 : ْR ََ0 َ5%ْ َ# L‬ل ِ) رَ@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ .َ`<ِ َ# ْ#‬ر‪َ ِd‬‬

"ِ َ‬
‫^‪ْ Aُ KِJ‬‬
‫‪َ )ِD R‬‬
‫َ ُ‪ َ 5‬ا ْ ُُور َوِإ  َ‪َ .َ"D‬و َ‪َ َBQَ ْ0‬‬
‫‪!َ"#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ُه َ ْ‪َ8‬ة ِ‪َ L"ْA‬و‪َ ِLِD‬د َ َ‪َ .‬‬

‪َ8 )ِD ْR‬ك " َوَ ُ‪َ L‬‬
‫=ْ‪َ ْ َ Zَa‬‬
‫ن َ‬

‪ِ Rْ"ُDَ " ِ6‬إ) =َ<ِ‰ َ‪َ َD‬ل " ِإ ‬
‫‪َ ْ g‬ة ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫َوِ ِ‪ )ِ%‬ا ْ ُ‬
‫ 
َة‬
‫‪ْ G‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫ي َ‬
‫=ِ‪َ o8‬أ‪ .َِ"َO ْ Rَ"ْD‬ا ْ ‪ّ ِ Aِ َC‬‬

‪ ِ6‬وَا ‪َ 
َ ‚%‬ء ‪َ%Cْ Aَ )ِD‬هَ َواَ "‪َ L‬أ‪َ . َ"ْ#‬ورَوَى َأُ دَاوُد ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫‪ََG‬از ُ‪ُA‬ور ا ْ ‪ )ِD ‰ِ<َJ‬ا ْ َ ْ‬

"ِ‬
‫‪َ0 " (ُ%G‬لَ َأُ ُ‪ْ A‬‬

‪َ ٍ‰<ِ َJ ِ ِ6‬و َ ُ‬
‫@" َ " ِإ) َ ُأ=ِ ّ; ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫^"! ا "‪ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬وَ‪ L n‬وَ َ‬
‫‪َ َ0 ْR َ َ0 .َ`<ِ َ# ْ#‬ل رَ@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ِ‪َ Rْ%‬د‪َ .َGَG‬‬
‫‪ُJ‬وج ا ‚‪ْ -‬ه"ِ)‬
‫‪ْ Aَ ْ#‬‬
‫ي َ‬
‫‪hg‬ب ا ْ َ‪ّ ِ َ65‬‬
‫‪َ o8َِ= ْAِ ْLG‬أِ) ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ .َ#َ G‬و‪ُ َ0‬ا َأ ْ‪ُ5ْ6Aَ Rَ"D‬ل َ ِ‪ ْV‬رَوَا ُ‪ِ e‬اْ ‪َ َA‬‬
‫‪َ o8ِJ‬‬
‫] َه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ C d‬‬
‫)‪َ :‬‬
‫ا ْ ‪ّ ِ hَg‬‬
‫ 
َة ‪َ#‬‬
‫‪ْ G‬‬
‫‪َ KِJ‬‬
‫@َ" َ‪ .‬وَا ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬أمّ َ‬
‫ 
َة َ‬
‫ي َ‪ُ8‬ل ‪ْ َG‬‬
‫@" َ ِ ِ‪َ َ0 L‬ل َأُ ُزرْ‪ .َ#‬ا ا ِز ّ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫) ^َ"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫@"َ َ‪َ .‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬أ ّم َ‬
‫ 
َة َ‬
‫‪ْ G‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ي ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ0 :‬لَ َر@ُل ا "‪L‬‬
‫‪ِ ْg‬ر ّ‬
‫@‪ ِC‬ا ْ ُ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) َ‬
‫‪َ .h‬‬
‫‪ِ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫=َْ‪َ .‬‬
‫=ِ‪َ ْ ِ َ@ o8‬أِ) َ‬
‫‪ َA A?ََD .َ`<ِ َ#‬رَوَا‪َ ُe‬أُ ‪ !َ 
ِ#‬ا ْ ِ‪-ِ A‬يّ ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫‪fِDَ RُBْ8َ َ ]ِCd‬ن @َِ ً َه‪َ-‬ا‬
‫‪ْr‬ك " َ‪َ o8َِ= Lُ fِD‬‬

‪ِْ َr ِ6‬ي َو َ‬
‫=ٍ ُ‪َ )ِD (ِ%ْ68‬ه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪َ ?َِ ;ّ J‬‬
‫) َ ‪ِ َ8‬‬
‫@" َ " ‪ّ "َِ# َ8‬‬
‫^َ"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪L‬‬
‫=  َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫= َ‪ َ%Q‬ا ْ ُ ْ‪ِ-%‬ر ْ ‪َX‬ذَان َ‬
‫=ِ‪ !َ%Cْ Aَ )ِD " َOn o8‬ا ْ€‪َ0 .َ8‬لَ ِاْ َأِ) =َِ َ‬
‫‪َ ]ِCd‬واَ "‪َ L‬أ‪َ " . َ"ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ .h‬‬
‫‪ِ#‬‬
‫‪َ LgْX‬‬
‫َ‪ُْ A‬وك َو َ‬
‫) " َو َ ‪ِ ًB%ُ ُG‬إ  ‪ِِ َ#‬ي @َ‪َ َ0 " ;ِB‬ل َ َ‪َْ8‬ب‬
‫‪ّ "ِ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫= َ‪َ wْB‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬ز ّر ْ ُ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ِ ْ‪َ5%‬ل َ‬
‫@‪َJ‬ق ْ َأِ) َ ْ"َ! َ‬
‫ْ ‪َ !َ@ُA‬أ‪ِ )َِ Bَ ْO‬إ ْ‬
‫‪ْ #‬و ‪َ#‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ِ ْ‪َ5%‬ل ْ َ‬
‫ َو‪َ َOn LْG‬‬
‫ا "َة ِإ  َأنْ َ‪ُV8‬ن ُ‪ًDِ َ
A‬ا ُِ‪ Lُ B‬ا ْ ‪ ِ6َ8 َ"َD .ََ%َ6‬ا ْ َء ‪ ِ68َ !َ= )"َُ َD‬ا ْ َء ‪  Qُ ,‬رَوَا‪ْ Aِ ُe‬‬
‫‪ َْBG‬وَا ‪Ja‬ك َ‪ ْJ‬ذَِ ‪َ . َZ‬و َ‪َ ْ0‬روَى‬
‫@‪ُ ْ ِC‬‬
‫=َى ا وَا‪َ8‬ت َو َ‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪ِ )ِD‬إ ْ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫) ْ َأِ) ‪َ َ-Dَ (ِ َm‬آ َ‪َ0 ُe‬لَ َو ُر ِويَ َ‬
‫‪ّ "ِ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫زِ ّر َ‬
‫ ‪ c8َِm‬ا ْ ‪)ِDَْC‬‬
‫) َ‪َ -َ D‬آَ ُ‪َ e‬ورَوَا‪ْ Aِ ُe‬‬
‫‪ّ "ِ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫= َ‪َ wْB‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬ز ّر ْ ُ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ L‬أوْ َ‬
‫‪B#‬د ْ َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َأِ) َ ْ"َ! َ‬
‫=ِ‪َ o8‬وآِ‪َ I‬‬
‫‪َ ْAِ 8ِG‬‬
‫ِاْ َ‬
‫@"َ وَاْ‪L%‬‬
‫‪َ .َBْ ُ# ْ َVJ‬وزَ‪َ ْ ْ8‬أ ْ‬

"ِ وَا ْ َ‬
‫‪ْ Aُ ْ َ
J‬‬
‫‪َ6Aُ ْ#‬هِ وَا ْ َ‬
‫‪ ْBَ G‬وَ َ‬
‫@‪ُ ْ ِC‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪B#‬س َ‪-َ D‬آَ َ‪َ ُe‬و َروَا ُ‪َ e‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫‪َ 2َ"6‬‬
‫َوَأِ) ِ‪ْ A‬‬
‫`‪َ-5َ ِ َ5‬ا ا ْ َْل‬

َ ْ‬
‫ 
َ ‪َ .‬و ُ‪ْ 8‬‬

َ‪َ I‬أ ُ‪ )ِD L‬ا ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ ْ L‬آِ ‪َ َ0‬ل ُآ‪ْ َ %‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ 8ِG‬‬
‫‪ِ c8ِm‬اْ َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ Z‬وَرُ ِويَ َ‬
‫= َ ِ‪َ ;ْA‬ذِ َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا  ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪Lْ"َ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) َذ ّر ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ0 :‬لَ َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ6‬ان َ‬
‫‪ْ َ ْ َ #‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬

‪َ o8َِ= ْAِ َ%‬أِ) ِ‪َ .ََ"0‬‬
‫= َ َوَأهْ; ا ‚‬
‫‪ o‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي َروَا ُ‪َ e‬أ ْ‬
‫‪ِ 8ِJ‬‬
‫ِ ْ َ‬
‫‪َ0 Qُ " Zَ َْO Z‬لَ ِاْ‬
‫ن َذ ِ َ‬

ُ‪ ِfDَ Zََ`َ L‬‬
‫‪ْG‬ت ا ْ َء ‪ Aِ ?ََD‬‬
‫=‪ِfDَ Œَ6‬ذَا َو َ‬
‫‪ِ ْ`#‬‬
‫‪ُ5m‬ر ا ْ ُ
ْ"ِ َوِإنْ َ ْ َ‪ ِ6‬ا ْ َء َ‬
‫‪ ِC‬ا ‪َ (h‬‬
‫َو@َ" َ " ا ‬
‫=‪ْV‬‬
‫ ُ‬
‫@‪َ ;ِB‬أيْ ِإ  ُ‪َْ6A‬زِي ‪َ ِLِD c8َِm‬و َذِ ‪َ َZ‬أ  ُ‪َ  َ ْ0َ L‬‬
‫‪ِ ًB%ُ G‬إ  ‪ِِ َ#‬ي َ‬
‫=‪ Lَ8َV‬ا ْ َْ َ ِْ وَا ْ ?َوْ َ! َ‪ْ0‬ل َ‪َ َ0 ْA‬ل " َو َ ُ‬
‫‪ِ ْCَ 8َِG‬‬
‫‪ِ ًB%ُ G‬إ ‬
‫ن ‪َ " L َْ0‬و َ ُ‬
‫‪َ Z‬أ ‬
‫ن َ‪َ ِ-َ ِ ًAُ"Cْ A‬‬
‫@َ ِإ َ! ‪َ َVDَ eِOn‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬‬
‫‪َ L َْ0 )ِD (ُ%G‬وِإنْ ُآ ْ‪ !َdْAَ ُْ %‬أَوْ َ‬
‫‪َ ِ #‬م ا ْ َء وَ ُه َ ُ‬
‫ا ْ ُ
َ‪ِ ِD‬إذَا َ‬
‫‪130‬‬

‫@َ َ‪ُ5ْ Aَ !ً%Cْ A‬م‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬‬
‫ن َ‪ Lِ ِ Š%ِ Cْ A‬ا ْ ُ
َ‪َ#fِِ ْVُ 8َ َْ ِD‬دَ ِة ِذآْ‪َ .L َْ0 )ِD e‬وِإنْ ُآ ْ‪َ !َdْAَ ُْ %‬أوْ َ‬

"ُا " َْ آَ َ‬
‫=! َ‪ِ َ ْ/‬‬
‫@‪َ ;ِB‬‬
‫‪َِِ#‬ي َ‬
‫"َ ‪َ َ5ِD‬وَأ ُْ‬
‫"َةِ ُ‪َ A‬‬
‫ ‪ُ%Aَ n‬ا َ َ َُْا ا ْ َ
َ‪ "ِ ِG‬‬
‫‪fَِD Z‬ذَا آَنَ َذِ ‪َ َZ‬آ َ‪?ْ َDَ َZ ِ-‬وِ‪ ;8‬ا ْ€‪َ َ8 " .َ8‬أ ّ‪ َ58‬ا ‪َ 8ِ-‬‬
‫=‪ِ ْV‬ذآْ‪ ;ْBَ0 e‬ذَِ َ‬
‫َو‪ُ !َaAَ َْ0‬‬
‫‪ًCh‬‬
‫‪َ6‬ز َ‪ŠA‬ا َو َ‪ْ 0‬‬

‪ ;ِB‬ا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫@‪َ0 ;ِB‬لَ وَا ْ ‪ َِC‬ا ‬

"ُا ِإ  ‪ِِ َ#‬ي َ‬
‫@‪َV‬رَى =َ! َ ْ‪ُ "َC‬ا ‪ُ َُ َA‬نَ َو َ َْ َُهَ " َأ ْ‪ِ َ /ْ َ !َ= ًB%ُ ُG ًa8‬‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪!َ"#‬‬
‫‪َ Lُ Cَ h‬و‪َG‬وَ َز ُ‪َ , e‬و ِ‪ .ِ 0َ %"ِ ;َ ِ0 Lُ %ْ A‬ا ْ َ ِ‪َ .8‬‬
‫‪َ"ُD َ Bَ #‬ن ا ‪ِ َ5%‬إذَا َ‪َ 0‬‬
‫‪ُB#‬رًا َو ِ‪َ8ُ Lُ %ْ A‬ل َ‬
‫‪ًBْ #‬ا َو ُ‬
‫ُ‪َ8‬ل ِ‪ْB َ# Lُ %ْ A‬ت ِ َ‪َ-5‬ا ا ‪َ َ?َDَ c8ِh‬أ‪َ ُeُBْ#‬‬
‫‪ُ5 ْ 6‬ر َو ُه َ ا ‪Y‬هِ ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ€‪َ .َ8‬و َآَ?  ُ‪َ# !َ5َ !َ َCَ L‬‬
‫ َ‪ُ ُe‬هَ َ‪ْ0‬ل ا ْ ُ‬
‫@َر َو َه‪َ-‬ا ا ‪ِ-‬ي َ َ‬
‫‪ Iْh0َ !َ"#‬ا َْ? ْ‬
‫@َر ِ ُ ِ‪َ َ5‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا ْ ?َ ْ‬
‫) ُ‬
‫@َر ِه َ‬
‫ا َْ? ْ‬
‫"َة‬
‫‪َ#‬ة ِ" ‬
‫‪ .ََ%6‬ا ْ ُ ‪ِ َB‬‬
‫) ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ه ْ َ‪َ .َ0ِ َ .‬و ِه َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ‚‪ُO‬ل إِ َ! َ‪َ َ5"ِّJA‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ه ْ َ‪ُْ Aَ ‰ِ0َ%ُ .َِ0َ .‬دهَ َو َ‬
‫"َة َ‬
‫َ‪ )ِmَC‬ا ‬
‫‪!َ"#‬‬
‫‪ُJ‬م َ‬
‫) َأ  ُ‪ْ 8َ L‬‬
‫( ِإَ ْ ِ‪ L‬ا ْ َ? ِ< ‪ .‬ا "َ‪َ .َQ‬أُ =َ‪َ .َِ%‬و‪ Zِ َA‬وَا ` ِ‪ّ Cِ D‬‬

"ُا " َد ِ; ِ َ َذهَ َ‬
‫=! َ ْ‪ِ َ/‬‬
‫‪َ . َ"#‬و‪َ " L َْ0‬‬
‫وَِ َ ‪َ َ5"َJ‬أ ْ‪َ ًa8‬واَ "‪َ L‬أ ْ‬
‫= َ ِإ َ! َأ  ُ‪!َAَ L‬‬
‫( ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م َأ ْ‬
‫‪َ .ٍ َ8ِh‬و َذ َه َ‬
‫@ ِ‪َ ِ L َ ْC‬‬

‪َ ;ِ
َ/ْ َ8 !َ= ِ6‬أوْ ‪ِ  َ َ َ8‬إنْ ‪َ ِ َ#‬م ا ْ َء َأوْ َ ْ َ‪ِْ 8‬ر ‪ِ !َ"َ#‬ا ْ‬
‫‪ (ُ%6‬ا ْ ُ ‪ )ِD oْV‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫ا ْ ُ‬
‫‪ .ََJ‬آَُا ‪ُ"Cَ ْ َ8‬نَ َذِ ‪. َZ‬‬
‫ن ا ‬
‫^‪َ : KِJ‬أ ‬
‫@‪َ ٍ %َ َ 
ِ L%َ%‬‬
‫@‪ُ%ْ Aَ ْ ِC‬ر ‪ُ )ِD‬‬

‪ َ ِ ِ6‬رَوَى ُه َ َو َ‬
‫‪ ?َd‬ا ْ ‪َ َG (ُ%ُ6‬ز َ ُ‪ L‬ا ْ ُ ‪ )ِD oْV‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫َ َ ‬
‫‪َh#‬ء ْ َ‪َ
8‬ر‬
‫@"َ ‪َ َْ#‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬زَ‪َ ْ ْ8‬أ ْ‬
‫@‪َ ْC‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬ه`َم ْ َ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫‪ُ  J‬ه َ ا رَاوَ ْردِ ّ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا ْ َ‪َ Aُ ْ 28ِ2C‬‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫@‪َ L%َ%‬‬
‫@‪ُ%ْ Aَ ْ ِC‬ر ‪ُ )ِD‬‬
‫‪َ َ0‬ل َ‬
‫"َة ‪.‬‬
‫ن ِإذَا َ َ‪ُ d‬ا وُ‪ُd‬ء ا ‬

‪َ ِ6‬و ُهْ ُ‪َ ُB%ِ ْ6A‬‬
‫@"َ َ‪ُ
ِ"ْ68‬نَ ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ"َ#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫^‪َJ‬ب َر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ0‬لَ َرَأ‪ِ Rْ8‬ر‪َ ْAِ ً َG‬أ ْ‬
‫ 
ُ‬
‫@َ َأ ْو ‪َ َG‬ء أَ=َ ِ‪ ْAِ ْVُ %ْ A‬ا ْ ‪َ ِ<َ/‬أوْ َ َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬‬
‫‪َ . َ"#‬و َ‪َ " L ْ0‬وإِنْ ُآ ْ‪ !َdْAَ ُْ %‬أَ ْو َ‬

"ِ َواَ "‪َ L‬أ ْ‬
‫‪َْX !َ"#‬ط ُ‪ْ A‬‬
‫^‪َ KِJ‬‬
‫@‪َ%‬د َ‬
‫َو َه‪َ-‬ا ِإ ْ‬
‫‪ ْa#‬أَو‬
‫‪َ " ًB m‬أ‪ A‬ا ْ َ َض ا ْ ُ ‪ َ 5ُ Dَ ِ ‚ َ "ِ KِB‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي ُ‪َg8‬ف َ‪ِ ْAِ Lُ َCA‬ا@ْ ِ ْ‪َ C‬ل ا ْ َء َ‪َD‬ات ُ‬
‫^‪ًِC‬ا َ‬
‫‪ُ6‬وا ‪َA‬ء ‪ُ  َ َ َD‬ا َ‬
‫ا ‪َ
%‬ء ‪ِ َ ْ"ََD‬‬
‫‪
r‬ن‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬أُ َ‬
‫=  َ‪َ َ%Q‬أِ) َ‬
‫‪َ G‬ز ا  َ ‚ ِ ُ ‪ِ  َ6‬د ا ْ َ َض ِ ُ‪ِ ُ C‬م ا ْ€‪َ .َ8‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َأِ) =َِ َ‬
‫‪ ;8ِh‬ا ْ ُ‪ْB‬ء ‪َ ,‬و ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ ‪َ "َُC‬ء َ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫‪َ L%ْX‬أوْ َ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ن َ‪ًa8ِA‬‬
‫‪َ6Aُ ْ#‬هِ ‪َ " L َْ0 )ِD‬وِإنْ ُآ‪َ َ0 " !َdْAَ ُْ ْ%‬ل َ َ‪َ )ِD ْRَ 2‬ر‪ ْAِ ;ُG‬ا َْ? َْر آَ َ‬
‫‪َ ‡َْ= ْ#‬‬
‫@ َ‪َ {َْ0 َ%Qَ  َ= ;ِ#‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ Zِ َA‬إ ْ‬
‫‪َ َ2ْ?ََD Lُ َ Z‬ل ا "‪َ L‬ه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪َ .َ8‬ه‪َ-‬ا‬
‫@"َ َ‪-َ D‬آَ َ َذِ َ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫) َ‬
‫‪َ ْIh‬أنْ َ‪ُ8‬م َ‪َ ?dَ ََ D‬وَ ْ َ‪َO Lُ َ ْVُ 8‬دِم َ‪َ%ُ D‬وِ ُ‪ !ََ?Dَ L‬ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬

َ ِ‬
‫َ‪ْ 8َ َْ"D‬‬
‫ ‪ِA‬‬
‫‪ّ ِ َ h‬‬
‫‪ ;8ِh‬وَا ْ َِ َو َ‪َ " L ْ0‬أوْ ‪َ َG‬ء َأ=َ ِ‪ ْAِ ْVُ %ْ A‬ا ْ ‪ " ِ<َ/‬ا ْ ‪ُ ِ<َ/‬ه َ ا ْ َ ‪َV‬ن ا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫ 
َ َ‪ُCْ A‬وف وَ َ َ‪ْD‬ق ‪ َْ Lِ ِD‬ا ‬
‫ُ‪ ;َ@ْA‬وَا ‬
‫ 
ُون‬
‫] ا ْ ُ َ ‬

ُْ وَا‪َ "ََ ْO‬‬

ُْ َو َ َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫ئ َ َ ْ‬

ُْ ا ‪َ 
%‬ء " ‪َ ُِ َD‬‬
‫^‪َ َ/‬وَأ‪َ " L َْ0 A‬أوْ َ‪ْ َA‬‬
‫‪َJ‬ث ا َْ? ْ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ‪‚َ/‬ط َوهُ َ ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ Z‬‬
‫ا ْ َ?رْض َآ‪َ َِ-ِ !%‬‬
‫ ِ‪َ ;ْBَ0 ْA‬أنْ َ َ
‚ ُه َو َ‪ُْdَ Dَ ْ0‬‬
‫‪ُ ُ ُ ْ"m‬ه ‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع ِ َِْ ِ‪َ " L‬وِإنْ َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ِ‬
‫‪ِ Z‬آ‪َ .َ8َ%‬‬
‫ن ذَِ َ‬
‫ " َأ=َه َ " َأ ‬
‫‪ِ ْ َ ْ0َ !َ"َ# Z‬‬
‫وَا ْ ?َ ِ< ‪ !َ%Cْ Aَ )ِD .‬ذَِ َ‬
‫ َ‪ُV َ َ D‬‬
‫‪ُ ُ ُ ْ"m‬ه ِ‪َ ;ْBَ0 ْA‬أنْ َ َ
‚ ُه ‬
‫‪َ " ُْ d‬و‪َ َ0‬ل َ‪َ َ8 " !َ َC‬أ ّ‪ َ58‬ا ‪ُ%Aَ n َ8ِ-‬ا إِذَا َ َ‪ ْ ُ ْJV‬ا ْ ُ ‪َ%Aِ ْE‬ت ُ‪َ  Q‬‬
‫ ‪ْ َ َD َA ]ْ%ِ Dَ .َa8َِD‬‬
‫ َ ُ‪ 5‬‬
‫‪ْBَ G‬‬
‫@‪ُ ْ ِC‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫@‪َJ‬ق َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ِإ ْ‬
‫@ َْن َ‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬وآِ‪ُ َْ# I‬‬
‫Œ َ‬
‫‪ّX‬‬
‫@‪ ِC‬ا ْ َ? َ‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬أُ َ‬
‫‪#‬ة َ‪‚َ ْC‬و َ‪َ َ0 " َ5‬ل ِاْ َأِ) =َِ َ‬
‫ ِ‪ِ ْA‬‬
‫‪ 5ِ ْ َ"#‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪َ َ
J‬و‪ْ ْBَ ُ#‬‬
‫) ْ َآ‪َ (ْC‬و ُ‪َ6A‬هِ َو‪َm‬وُس وَا ْ َ‬
‫) َوُأ َ ّ‬
‫‪ّ "ِ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع ‪ .‬وَرُ ِويَ َ‬

ُْ ا ‪َ
%‬ء " ‪َ0‬لَ ‪ :‬ا ْ ِ‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪َ " L ْ0َ )ِD‬أوْ َ َ ْ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫َ‬

َ‪َC‬ة َو=َ  َ‪ُ ْ 8ِ28َ َ%Q‬ز َر‪Iْ8‬‬
‫= َ‪ْ Aَ ْ ْ َ ُ= )ِ%Q‬‬
‫‪َ 8ِG‬‬
‫=ن َ‪َ ْJ‬ذِ ‪َ َZ‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫) َو‪ََ0‬دَة َو ُ‪َ ْ ;َِA‬‬
‫` ْ‪ّ Bِ C‬‬
‫@‪ ْBَ ُG ْ ِC‬وَا ‬
‫‪َ ْ َ #‬و َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع َو‪َ َ0‬ل َس ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ َ‪َC‬ب ا " ْ{‬
‫{ ا ْ ِ‬
‫@‪َ َ0 ْBَ ُG ْ ِC‬ل َذآَُوا ا " ْ{ َ‪َD‬لَ َس ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ َ َا ِ) َ ْ َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ِ`ْ ‪َ َْ#‬‬
‫‪َ .َBCْ X‬‬
‫= ‪ُ َ%َQ‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪َ 6‬عِ َو‪ ْR ََ0‬ا ْ َ‪َC‬ب‬
‫{ ِ ْ ِ‬
‫ن َ@ً ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ َ َا ِ) وَا ْ َ‪َC‬ب ِا‪َُ"َ ْO‬ا ‪ )ِD‬ا " ْ{ ‪ ْRَ ََD‬ا ْ َ َا ِ) َ ْ َ‬
‫‪B#‬س َ‪ِ Lُ َ Rْ"ُD‬إ ‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ِ Rِ"ََD‬اْ َ‬
‫ا ْ ِ‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع َوَ ‪ِV‬‬
‫‪َX‬ة ا ْ ِ‬
‫{ وَا ْ ُ ‪َ َB‬‬
‫( ‪ c8َِD‬ا ْ َ َا ِ) ‪ِ .‬إن ا " ْ{ وَا ْ َ ّ‬
‫ ُآ‪ Rْ%‬؟ ُ‪ُ Rْ"0‬آ‪ ْAِ Rْ%‬ا ْ َ َا ِ) ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ "ََr‬‬
‫ َأيّ ا ْ َِ‪ِ ْ َ8‬‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ْ ِ Dَ :‬‬
‫ا ْ ِ‬
‫‪eْJَ َْBG‬‬
‫@‪ُ ْ ِC‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْr‬و‪َ LْG‬‬
‫‪َ  Qُ eْJَ Lِ ِ .َBCْ X‬روَا ُ‪َ ْAِ e‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ%ْ r‬ر َ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ`ر َ‬
‫ا "‪َX َA )%Vُ 8َ L‬ءَ ِ َ ‪َ َX‬ء ‪َ  Qُ .‬روَا ُ‪َ e‬‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع‬
‫‪َX‬ة ا ْ ِ‬
‫{ وَا ْ ُ ‪َ َB‬‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ :‬ا " ْ{ وَا ْ َ ّ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫‪َ ْBَ G‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ ِCَ@ ََ Bَ O‬‬
‫`ْ ‪َ َ0‬ل َأُ ِ`ْ َأ ْ‬
‫=  َ‪ُ َ%Q‬ه َ‬
‫َو ِ‪َ َ0 L"ْA‬ل =َ  َ‪ُCْ 8َ )ِ%Q‬ب َ‬
‫‪ ْBَ# ْ ْVَ ْ#‬ا "‪َ# L‬‬
‫‪ ِ^َ# ْ#‬ا َْ?=َْل َ‬
‫@َْن َ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫@‪َJ‬ق ا ْ ?َزْرَق َ‬
‫‪ََ ْ ِ J‬ن َأ ْ‪ َ?ََB‬إِ ْ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا ْ َ‬
‫=  َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫ ا "‪َ َX َ ِ )%Vُ 8َ L‬ء ‪َ .‬‬
‫وََ ِ‪ V‬‬
‫‪B#‬س َأ  ُ‪َ0 L‬لَ َذِ ‪ُQ َZ‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ ْ L‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫^‪َ َْr ْAِ K‬و‪َ LْG‬‬
‫ ا "‪ L‬آَِ‪َ`8َ َ ِ )%Vَ 8ُ 8‬ء ‪َ .‬و َ‪َ ْ0‬‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع َوَ ِ‪ V‬‬
‫اِْ ‪Bَ#‬س ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ :‬ا ْ ُ"َ َ‪ .َ
A‬ا ْ ِ‬
‫{ ِ َ ٍ أَو‬
‫‪ Z‬آُ ّ; َ‪َ َ َ ْA‬‬
‫‪ !َ%#‬ا "‪َ َِ-ِ !َ َCَ L‬‬
‫ن َ‬
‫‪َ َ0  Qُ ْ5ُ %ْ #‬ل ِاْ ‪َ 8َِG‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َُOn‬و َ‬
‫=‪ِ eُ َV‬اْ َأِ) =َِ َ‬
‫‪َ ْAَ ‰ْCَ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ 8ِG‬‬
‫رَوَا‪ِ ُe‬اْ َ‬
‫= َ‪ِ َ%Q‬اْ‬
‫‪ِ ًa‬إَ ْ ِ‪َ َ0  Qُ , L‬ل َ‬
‫‪َ
َG ْAِ ً ْ X‬هَ ُ‪ِ ْA‬‬
‫`)ْ ٍء ِ‪َ eَ
َG ْA‬‬
‫{ ِ َ‬
‫( ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء ‪ُ !َ"َ#‬آ ّ; َ‪ Aَ ْA‬‬
‫‪َ G‬‬
‫ِ‪ِ ْ َ/‬هَ ِ‪َ ْA‬أ‪َaْ#‬ء ا ْ‪َ 
ْ ِf‬ن َوَأوْ َ‬
‫ي ‪ِA‬‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع َو َ‪ ْ0‬رُ ِو َ‬

‪ُC‬د ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ :‬ا " ْ{ ‪ َA‬دُون ا ْ ِ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪ْ Aَ ْ L‬‬
‫‪َm ْ#‬رِق ‪َ َْ#‬‬
‫‪َgAُ ْ#‬رِق َ‬
‫@ َْن َ‬
‫=  َ‪ُ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا =ْ َ َ‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫َ`ر َ‬

‪ُC‬د ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ :‬ا ْ ُ ْ‪ِA .َ"B‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪ْ Aَ ْ L‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َْ Bَ #‬ة َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ُ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬إ َْاهِ َ‬
‫‪َ wَ #‬‬
‫=ِ‪ o8‬ا ْ َ? ْ‬
‫ي ِ‪َ ْA‬‬

‪ُC‬د ِ‪َ L"ْA‬ورُ ِو َ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫‪ُُm‬ق ُ‪ Cَ َ A‬دَة َ‬

‪ُC‬د ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ ?dَ َ َ8‬ا ‪ ْAِ ;ُG‬ا ْ ُ‪ََXَB‬ة َو ِ‪ ْA‬ا " ْ{ ِ َ ِ ِ‪َ e‬و‪ِA‬‬
‫‪ ْBَ# ْ#‬ا "‪ْ Aَ ْ L‬‬
‫@‪ِ َ%‬د‪َ ِe‬‬
‫) ِِ‪ْ f‬‬
‫{ َو‪ َ5ِD‬ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء ‪َ .‬ورَوَى ا ‪َBَ h‬ا ِ ّ‬
‫ا ْ َ ّ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪L‬‬
‫‪َ )َِ َBO‬‬

ُْ ا ‪َ 
%‬ء " ُه َ ا ْ َ‪َ 2ْ /‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ ‪َ {ُُ8 )ِ%Qَ  َ= 8َِG‬أ‪ِ ََ Bَ ْO‬اْ وَهْ( َأ ْ‬
‫ا ْ ُ ْ‪َ .َ"B‬وآَنَ َ‪ُ8‬ل ‪َ )ِD‬ه ِ‪ eِ -‬ا ْ€‪َ " .َ8‬أوْ َ َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫) ِ‪ ْA‬ا " َس‪ .‬وَ َروَى ِاْ َأِ) =َِ وَاْ‬
‫ن ‪ .َ"ْB0ُ ْAِ ?dَ َ َ8‬ا ْ َ ْأَة َو َ‪َ8‬ى ‪ َ5ِD‬ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء وَ َ‪ُ8‬ل ِه َ‬
‫‪ َ #‬آَ َ‬
‫ن ِاْ ُ‬
‫‪َ IِDَ ْ#‬أ ‬
‫‪َ َ #‬‬
‫ْ ُ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع ُ‪َ َ0  Q‬ل ِاْ َأِ) =َِ َو ُر ِو َ‬
‫‪ ْBَ# ْ#‬ا "‪َ َ0 L‬ل ‪ :‬ا " ْ{ ‪ َA‬دُون ا ْ ِ‬
‫‪َm ْ#‬رِق َ‬
‫‪َgAُ ْ#‬رِق َ‬
‫‪َ 8ِG‬أ ْ‪َ .َBCْ ُX c8َِm ْAِ ًa8‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪)ِCg‬‬
‫‪6J‬ج َوِإ َْاهِ ا ‪َ %‬‬
‫) وَ‪ ْ RَِQ‬ا ْ َ‬
‫` ْ‪ّ Bِ C‬‬

‪ُC‬د َو‪ ِAَ#‬ا ‬
‫‪َْ َB#‬ة َ‪ِ )ِ%ْC8‬اْ ‪ ْBَ#‬ا "‪ْ Aَ ْ L‬‬
‫‪َ ْ #‬ن ا ‪ِ 5ْ %‬يّ َوَأِ) ُ‬
‫‪َْ Bَ #‬ة َوَأِ) ُ‬
‫‪ َ ُ#‬وَ ُ‬
‫ن َ‪ُ8‬ل ‪ .َ"ْB0ُ :‬ا ‪;ُG‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ ِ‪َ L‬أ  ُ‪ L‬آَ َ‬
‫‪َ َ #‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪ُ ْ L‬‬
‫‪َ ْ ِ َ@ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ‚‪ْ 2‬ه ِيّ َ‬
‫‪ " Rْ"ُ0 " Z‬وَ َروَى ‪َ Zِ َA‬‬
‫@"َ َ‪َ ْJ‬ذِ َ‬
‫َو َز‪َ ْ ْ8‬أ ْ‬
‫@‪L%َ%‬‬
‫) ‪ُ )ِD‬‬

‪ Lِ ْ "ََCDَ eِ َِ ِ َ5‬ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء ‪ .‬وَ َروَى ا ْ‪َ vِDَJ‬أُ ا ْ ‪ َ
َJ‬ا ا َر ُ‪ّ %ِ ْh0‬‬
‫‪G‬‬
‫ِا ْ‪َ A‬أَ‪َ L‬و‪ ْAِ ِeِ َ ِ Lّ
َG‬ا ْ ُ "َ َ‪ِ ;َ B0َ ْ َ Dَ .َ
A‬ا ْ‪َ A‬أَ‪َ L‬أوْ َ‬
‫‪.َ"َِg‬‬
‫") وَ َ ‪ َD ?dَ َ َ8‬وَا‪ْ Aُ Lُ %ْ َ# .َ8‬‬
‫‪َ ْAِ Lُ %ْ #‬و‪َ َOn LْG‬أ  ُ‪ L‬آَنَ ُ‪ِ ;Bَ 8‬ا ْ‪َ A‬أَ‪َ 8ُ Qُ L‬‬
‫‪ ْ َ #‬ا ْ ‪hَg‬ب َ‪َ ْJ‬ذ ِ‪ َZ‬وََ ِ‪ُ ْV‬رو‪َ َ%8‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫َ‬
‫{ ُه َ َ‪ْ0‬ل ا ` ِ‪)ِCD‬‬
‫ب ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ َ ّ‬
‫‪َBJ‬ب َواَ "‪َ L‬أ‪ . َ"ْ#‬وَا ْ َْل ِ ُ‪ِ ُG‬‬
‫@ ِ ْ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ِ ْ‬
‫‪َ Lُ %ْ #‬‬
‫‪َ K‬‬
‫^‬
‫‪ )ِD Lُ َ َ0 َA ;َ J‬ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء ِإنْ َ‬
‫َ‪ْ ُ D‬‬
‫`ْع ‪!َ"َ#‬‬
‫‪ )ِD cَ"h‬ا ‬

ُْ وَا " ْ{ ‪ْ ُ8‬‬

ُْ َوَ َ ْ‬
‫^ُو‪ِ ُ0 ْ0َ ُe‬ئَ ‪َ )ِD‬ه ِ‪ eِ -‬ا ْ€‪ْ Aَ َ .َ8‬‬
‫= َ ْ =َ ْ‪َ َ0 ;َB%‬ل َ ِ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أ ْ‬
‫`‪ُ5‬ر َ‬
‫^‪َ LَJ‬و‪ Zِ َA‬وَا ْ َ ْ‬
‫َوَأ ْ‬
‫@"َ َ  ‪ِ= 2 َ#‬‬
‫‪َ َ0 ِ َ ْ ِ ّ{6‬ل َ‪ " !َ َC‬وََ ْ َ‪ِ Zْ"ََ# َ% ْ 2‬آًَ ‪َmْ0ِ )ِD‬س َ‪َ " ْ 5ِ 8ِ8ْ َ?ِ ُeُ
َ "َD‬أيْ ‪َ ُe‚
َG‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ^َ"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ " KِJ‬وَا َْ ِزَهَ ا " ْ{ " َو‪.َ`<ِ َ# ْR ََ0‬‬
‫‪ o8ِJ‬ا ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ِ‪َْ0f‬ار " َ ‪ Rْ"B0َ Z"َC‬أَوْ َ َ
ْ‪َ . " R‬و‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َ‬
‫َأ‪ِْC8َ َ2 ِ  َ0‬ض َ ُ‪ُG‚ ِ L‬عِ َ‬
‫ أَن‬
‫‪ِ ْ J‬‬
‫‪َ ِJ‬‬
‫‪ )ِD R‬ا ‬
‫@"َ َ‪ُh8‬ف ‪َ ;Bَ ُ َD َ%ْ "ََ#‬و‪َ .{ِ "ْ َ8‬و ِ‪َ َBQَ َA Lُ %ْ A‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ"َ#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ْ8َ ; 0َ : َ5ْ%#‬م ِإ  َو َر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫) ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َd‬‬
‫َر ِ‬
‫‪ )ِD cَ"h‬ا ‚"‪.َ/‬‬
‫‪ِ !َ"#‬آ"َ ا  ْ
َِ ْ‪ُ َ0 ِ8‬ا ‪َ :‬و‪ْ ُ8‬‬
‫{ ِ ْ َِ َ‬
‫‪ّ 6‬‬
‫‪ Iَْ ْ#‬ا ْ ُ "َ َ‪َ .َ
A‬و ُه َ َ‪ IِGْ8‬إِ َ! ا ْ َ‬
‫@"َ َ‪َ !َ5‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫َر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫= َ‬
‫‪ o‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي رَوَا‪َ ُe‬أ ْ‬
‫‪ِ 8ِJ‬‬
‫@ َ ْ? َ
ُا أَ ْ‪َ ْ ِ ًa8‬‬

‪َ ْR‬آ) َآّ‪َ L‬أ‪ (ُ"ْm‬ا ْ ‪ !َ%ِ/‬وَا ْ‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع ‪َ0‬لَ ا `‪َ : ِ#‬وَ َ َ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ ِ‬
‫{ ِ ْ َِ َآ َ ُ‪َ cَ"ْh8‬‬
‫‪ّ 6‬‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ْB#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ َ #‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا ْ َ "ِ‪ُ ْ Z‬‬
‫=  َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫@‪َ : ِC‬‬
‫‪َ َ0 َْ #‬ل َأُ َ‬
‫‪ ْBَ# ْ#‬ا ْ َ "ِ‪ُ ْ Z‬‬
‫@‪ َ%Qَ  َ= : َ َ0 ِC‬زَا ِ<َة َ‬
‫ي َوَأُ َ‬
‫= ‪ ْBَ# َ%َQ‬ا "‪ّ ِ 5ْ Aَ ْ L‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪131‬‬

‫@" َ َأَ ُ‪َ e‬ر‪َ َDَ ;ُG‬ل ‪ َ8 :‬رَ@ُل ا "‪َُ َA L‬ل ‪َ )ِD‬ر‪)ِ َ ;ُG‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ن َر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َCAُ ْ#‬ذ ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ِ :‬إ ‬
‫= َ ْ َأِ) َ ْ"َ! َ‬
‫ا  ْ‬
‫‪َ ; G‬ه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪َ " .َ8‬أ‪ِ0‬‬
‫‪َ ْr‬أ  ُ‪َ َ0 . َ5CِAَ68ُ َْ L‬ل ‪َ 2َ ْ َ?Dَ :‬ل ا "‪َ 2 َ# L‬و َ‬
‫‪ْ)X‬ء ِإ  َأَ ُ‪َ َ5%ْ Aِ e‬‬
‫{ ‪ )ِ?ْ َ8‬ا ‪ِ ْAِ ;ُG‬ا ْ‪َ A‬أَ‪َ L‬‬
‫ِا ْ‪َ A‬أَة َ َ‪َ َ5DِCْ 8‬و َ ْ َ‬
‫^ ; " ‪َ َ0‬ل ُ‪َCA‬ذ ‪َ8 Rْ"ُDَ :‬‬
‫‪َ  Qُ ?ْ d‬‬
‫@"َ " ََ ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ"َ#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ا "َة ‪ ْ)Dَ َ َm‬ا ‪َ5%‬ر َوزَُ ً ِ‪ ْA‬ا "ْ; " ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ ََD :‬ل َ ُ‪ L‬رَ@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫{ ِ ُ ِ ٍ; ‪.‬‬
‫=ِ‪ o8‬زَا ِ<َة ِ ِ‪َ L‬و‪َ َ0‬ل َ ْ َ‬
‫ ‪َ " .Aَ#‬ورَوَا ُ‪ e‬ا ْ ِ‪-ِ A‬يّ ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫ ‪ .Aَ#‬؟ َ‪َ َD‬ل " َ;ْ ِ ْ" ُ ‪َ ِ%Aِ ْE‬‬
‫رَ@ُل ا "‪َ L‬أ َ ُ‪َ .^َO L‬أمْ ِ "ْ ُ ‪َ ِ%Aِ ْE‬‬
‫@"ً ‪ُ َ0‬ا ‪ِ ُdُ ْ ِ ُeَ Aَ ?َDَ :‬ء َِ?  ُ‪{َ َ L‬‬
‫= َ ْ َأِ) َ ْ"َ! ُ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا  ْ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ َ #‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا ْ َ"ِ‪ُ ْ Z‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ .َBCْ X‬‬
‫=ِ‪ُ o8‬‬
‫) ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫َو َروَا ُ‪ e‬ا ‪ّ <ِ َ
%‬‬
‫"َة ا ْ َ ْ‪.َُV‬‬
‫‪َ ;ِ َ J‬أ  ُ‪ِ L‬إ  َ َأ َ‪ُdُ ْ ِ eُ َ A‬ءِ وَا ‬
‫( َِ?  ُ‪ِ َْ Iِhَ%ْ Aُ L‬اْ َأِ) َ ْ"َ! َو ُ‪َCA‬ذ ‪ْ 8َ  Qُ Lُ َ "ْ َ8 ْ َ Lُ  fَِD‬‬
‫ا ْ َ ْأَة وََ ْ ُ‪َ . َ5CِAَ68‬وُأ‪َ ِG‬‬
‫‪ َ َr‬ا "‪ " Lُ َ L‬ا ْ ‪ o8َِJ‬وَ ُهَ َ‪ْ-A‬آُر ‪ُ@ )ِD‬رَة ‪n‬ل‬
‫ ِإ  َ‬
‫") َرآْ َ‪ِ َْ C‬‬
‫‪َ (ِْ-8ُ ْB#‬ذ ْ‪ ?dََ َ Dَ ًB‬وَ ُ‪َ 8‬‬
‫‪َ ْAِ َA " c8‬‬
‫َآ َ َ َ  َم ‪ o8َِ= )ِD‬ا ‬
‫ب َ‪ْ0‬ل َ‪َ َ0 ْA‬ل ‪!َ%َ#‬‬
‫َا ِ‬
‫‪ ِ Z‬‬
‫‪َ 8ِG‬وأَوْ َ! ا ْ ََْ ِْ ‪ )ِD‬ذَِ َ‬
‫@ َ ْ‪َُ/‬وا ِ ‪ " ْ5ِ ِ ُُ-‬ا ْ€‪َ َ0  ُQ .َ8‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫‪َ " L َْ0 ْ%#‬ذآَُوا ا "‪ْ َD L‬‬
‫‪َ ْ #‬ان ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و@َ" َ َأ  ُ‪;B0َ L‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬رَ@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ َBg‬‬
‫‪ .ِ J‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ )َِCAَ ْAِ eْr‬ا " ْ{ ِ ِ‬
‫‪َ 6‬ع دُون َ‬

ُْ ا ‪َ
%‬ء ا ْ ِ‬
‫ا "‪َ Lِ َِِْ L‬أوْ َ َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫‪wَ #‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ َ? ْ‬
‫‪#‬ش َ‬
‫‪َ ََ َBO‬أُ َ‪َ ْ ْV‬‬
‫ي ‪َ0‬لَ ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬

 ّ‬
‫@ َ‪ !َ@ُA ْ ;ِ#‬ا ‚‬
‫= َ‪ِ َZ ِ-َ ِ )ِ%Q‬إ ْ‬
‫^"! َو َْ ‪َ0  Qُ ?dَ َ َ8‬لَ ‪َ :‬‬
‫َ‪َ Qُ Lِ <ِ َ
ِ ‰ْC‬‬
‫@" َ َ‪َ )"َ8ُ  Qُ ;Bَ 8ُ  Qُ ?dَ َ 8‬و َ َ‪. ?dَ َ 8‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ن رَ@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ : R‬آَ َ‬
‫‪ْ َ َ0 .َ`<ِ َ# ْ#‬‬
‫‪ْ#‬وَة َ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫=‪َ ْ (ِB‬أِ) ‪َ RَِQ‬‬
‫‪َ َْ#‬‬
‫@" َ َ‪;B0‬‬
‫‪ Lِ ْ "َ#‬وَ‪َ L n‬و َ‬
‫ن َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ .َ`ِ<َ# ْ#‬أ ‬
‫‪ْ#‬وَة َ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ (ِBَ= ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ wَ #‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ َ? ْ‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬وآِ‪َ I‬‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬أُ ُآ َ‪َ (ْ8‬‬
‫ُ‪َ َ0  Q‬ل ‪َ :‬‬
‫‪َ# ْLG‬‬
‫ي وَاْ ‪َ َA‬‬
‫‪َ . R‬و َه َ‪َ-V‬ا رَوَا‪َ ُe‬أُ دَاوُد وَا ْ ِ‪ّ ِ-A‬‬
‫‪ْ َVJ‬‬
‫‪ِa‬‬
‫‪َ َD R‬‬
‫) ِإ  أَ ْ ِ‬
‫"َة َوَ ْ َ‪ِ ْAَ : Rْ"0ُ ?dَ َ 8‬ه َ‬
‫ج إِ َ! ا ‬
‫‪َ َ O‬‬
‫َ‪َ Qُ Lِ ِ<َ 
ِ ‰ْC‬‬
‫) َو‪َ َ0‬ل َ‪!َْJ8‬‬
‫‪ْ#‬وَة ا ْ ُ َ‪ّ ِ 2‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫=‪ِ (ِB‬إ  َ‬
‫=‪َ َ%َQ‬‬
‫ي َأ  ُ‪َ َ0 L‬ل ‪َ َA :‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ِر ّ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬وآِ‪َ0 Qُ Lِ ِ I‬لَ َأُ دَاوُد ‪ :‬رُ ِو َ‬
‫‪َ ْ5gِ8َ`Aَ ْAِ .َ#َ G‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ْ (ِBَ= Z‬‬
‫‪ّX‬‬
‫‪َ o8ِJ‬و‪َ َ0‬ل َ َ‬
‫ي ُ‪َ ]Cَa8‬ه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ‬
‫@ ِ ‪ RْC‬ا ْ ُ‪َgB‬رِ ّ‬
‫ي‪َ :‬‬
‫‪ْ)X‬ء َو‪َ َ0‬ل ا  ْ ِ‪ّ ِ-A‬‬
‫‪َ َ LْBX‬‬
‫‪ِ o8ِJ‬‬
‫ن َه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ )%#‬أ ‬
‫=‪َ ِZ‬‬
‫‪ِ ;ٍ G‬ا ْ‬
‫ا ْ َ‪h‬ن ِ َ ُ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬وآِ‪َ# I‬‬
‫) َ‬

ّ‬
‫‪ِ ِDَ%h‬‬
‫‪  J‬ا ‬
‫‪َ .َBْ X‬و‪َ Aُ ْ ّ)"َِ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) َ‪َ ْ ْV‬أِ) َ‬
‫‪َ ْLG‬‬

َ‪ُْ# ْAِ I‬وَة َو‪َ َْ0‬و‪ )ِD Iَ َ0‬رِوَا‪ِ .َ8‬اْ ‪َ َA‬‬
‫َأِ) ‪ْ 8َ ْ َ RَِQ‬‬
‫=ِ‪ِ o8‬ه`َم‬

‪َ ْAِ eَ%‬‬
‫= َ ‪ْ Aُ )ِD‬‬
‫‪ َA Z‬رَوَا‪ ُe‬ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م َأ ْ‬
‫‪َ .َ`<ِ َ# ْ#‬وأَ ْ"َˆ ِ‪َ ْA‬ذِ َ‬
‫‪ْ ُ# ْ#‬وَة ْ ا ‪َ َْ ‚2‬‬
‫=‪َ ْ (ِB‬أِ) ‪َ RَِQ‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ wَ #‬‬
‫ا ْ َ? ْ‬
‫‪َ ْVِ َ R‬روَى َأُ دَاوُد‬
‫‪ْ َVِJa‬‬
‫‪َ َD R‬‬
‫) ِإ  َأْ ِ‬
‫`‪ِ ْAَ L ْ0َ Lُ َ َ5‬ه َ‬
‫‡ ‪َ )ِD‬آْ‪ُْ# L‬وَة ْ ا ‚‪َ َْ2‬و َ‪ْ 8‬‬
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‫@َْن َ‬
‫= َ‪ُ َ%Q‬‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬وآِ‪َ I‬‬
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‫َ‬
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‫‪-َ َD .َ`<ِ َ# ْ#‬آَ َ ُ‪َ e‬واَ "‪َ L‬أ‪َ . َ"ْ#‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫) َ‬
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Aُ َ%Q‬د ْ ‪َ ّ)"َِ#‬‬
‫ِه`َم ْ ‪Bَ#‬د َ‬
‫@َْن ‪َ َْ#‬أِ)‬
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‫ن ‪َ%َ8‬ل ِ‪ )%A‬ا ْ ُ‪ ْCَ .َ"ْB‬ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء‪َ .‬و‪َ0‬لَ ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م َأ ْ‬
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‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
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%‬‬
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‫@‪ !َْJ8َ ْ ِC‬ا ُْ? َ‪ّ ِ A‬‬
‫‪َ 8ِG‬أ ْ‪َ َ%َQ َ= . ًa8‬‬
‫) ِ‪َ َ0  Qُ .َ`<ِ َ# ْA‬ل ِاْ َ‬

َ‪ِ I‬إ َْاهِ ا ْ ِ ّ‬
‫َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫ن ُ‪َ َ5"Bَ 8‬و ُه َ ^َ<ِ‬
‫@"َ آَ َ‬
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‫ُ‪َ ِhْ 8ُ َ  Q‬و َ ُ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫‪ْ  J‬‬
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‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
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‫‪َ .َ`<ِ َ# ْ#‬‬

ْ‪َ . ِ 5‬‬
‫ا ‬
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‫‪َ ِLْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫) ^َ"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
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‫‪6َ= ْ#‬ج ْ أَ ْر‪َm‬ة َ‬
‫ُ‪َ ;َْaD‬‬
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‫^‪ًِC‬ا ‪ِ " ًB َm‬ا ْ‬
‫‪ُ6‬وا ‪َA‬ء َ‪ُ  َ َD‬ا َ‬
‫َ‪fِD‬نْ َ ْ َ ِ‬
‫‪ْJ‬‬
‫‪َ ِJ‬‬
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‫‪َG eُ ِ6َ8 ْ"ََD Lُ Bَ َ"m‬زَ َ ُ‪ ٍ-ِ َ%ِ= L‬ا  َ ‚ َو َ‪َ ْ0‬ذ َآُوا َآ ْ ِ‪ .‬ا ‬
‫َ‪َ !َ َ D‬‬
‫ ; َ‪ Iَ A‬ا ْ َْم ‪َ ََD‬ل " ‪َ"ُD َ8‬ن ‪ZَC%َ Aَ َA‬‬
‫@"َ َرأَى َر‪َ 8ُ َْ ً 2ِ َCْ Aُ ً"ُG‬‬
‫‪ Lِ ْ َ"#‬وَ‪َ L n‬و َ‬
‫ن َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ْ َأ ‬
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‫‪َْ #‬ان ْ ُ‬
‫=ِ‪ِ o8‬‬
‫ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫‪LfَِD ِِC‬‬
‫‪َ .ََ%G‬و َ ‪َA‬ء ‪َ0 .‬لَ ‪ ِ Zْ"ََ# " :‬‬

"ِ ؟ " ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ َ8 !َ"َ :‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬وَ ِ‪ ْV‬أَ^َ َْ‪َ )ِ%‬‬
‫‪ْ Aُ ;ٍ G‬‬
‫") َ‪ Iَ A‬ا ْ َْم َأ َ
ْ‪ُ َِ R‬‬
‫َأنْ ُ َ‬
‫‪LِYْ J‬‬
‫‪ )ِD ‚ َ  َD " ًB m‬ا ‚"‪ُ .َ/‬ه َ ا ْ َْ َُل ا ْ َ‪َC‬ب َ َ  َ‪ Z‬ا "‪ِ ِ L‬‬
‫^‪ًِC‬ا َ‬
‫‪ُ6‬وا ‪َA‬ء َ‪ُ  َ َ D‬ا َ‬
‫‪َ " ZِVْ َ8‬و ِ َ‪َ-5‬ا ‪َ َ0‬ل َ‪fِDَ "!َ َC‬نْ َ ْ َ ِ‬
‫‪ْ%#‬‬
‫‪ R‬ا ْ َ‪ ْC‬ا ِ) ِ‬
‫ن ا ْ ‪َ RْJَ ْAِ !ََJ‬أ ْ‪َ0‬ا‪ َ5A‬دَا‪ْ َ  َ َ )ِA‬‬
‫ن ا ْ َ ِ‪ِ .%‬ورْدهَ َوَأ ‬
‫‪ًْCX‬ا ‪َ :‬وَ  َرَأتْ َأ ‬
‫ئ ا ْ َْ{ ِ‬
‫َك َو‪َْ0 Lُ %ْ ِA‬ل ِا ْ‪ِ ِA‬‬
‫َأيْ َ‪َ 0‬‬
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‫‪َ !َ"#‬و‪ LْG‬ا ْ َ?رْض َ‪ Lِ ِD ;ُOَْ D‬ا ‚َاب وَا ‪ ;ْA‬وَا ‬
‫^ ‪َ َC‬‬
‫‪ُ َ;ِ0 ِC‬ه َ ُآ ّ; ‪ُ َA‬‬
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‫=‪َ . .َِ%‬و‪ : ;َ ِ0‬هُ‬
‫وَا ْ ‪ َ6َJ‬وَا ‪َB%‬ت وَ ُه َ ‪َْ0‬ل ‪َ . Zِ َA‬و‪ َA : ;َ ِ0‬آَنَ ِ‪ {ْ%ِG ْA‬ا ‚َاب آَ  ْ‪ ;ِ A‬وَا ‪2‬رِْ— وَا ‪‚%‬رَة َو َه‪َ-‬ا َ‪ْ-A‬هَ( َأِ) َ‬
‫‪ًBm‬‬
‫^‪ًِC‬ا زََ ً " َأيْ َُاً َأ ْ‪َ {َ"A‬‬
‫‪َ KِB‬‬
‫^‪ َ 5َJ‬وَا=ْ َ‪‚6‬ا َِِْ ِ‪ْ ُDَ " !َ َCَ L‬‬
‫= ْ‪َ ;َB%‬وأَ ْ‬
‫= َ ْ َ‬
‫ا ‚َاب ‪َ ْَ َD‬و ُه َ َ‪ْ0‬ل ا ` ِ‪َ ّ)Cِ D‬وَأ ْ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ‪%‬س ِ َ"َث‬
‫‪َ َ%"ْ a‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬وَ‪ L n‬وَ@َ" َ " ‪ ُD‬‬
‫‪ ْ .َ8ْ -َ ُ= ْ#‬ا ْ َ َن ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ َ0 :‬ل َر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬

"ِ َ‬
‫^‪ْ Aُ KِJ‬‬
‫‪َ )ِD R‬‬
‫َو ِ َ ‪َ Bَ َQ‬‬
‫‪;ِCG‬‬
‫‪ُ5m‬رًا ِإذَا َ ْ َ‪ ِ6‬ا ْ َء " َو‪َ " vْ َ )ِD‬و ُ‬
‫‪َ َ% َ َ5َُْ R‬‬
‫‪ْ َ"ِCG‬‬
‫‪ً6‬ا َو ُ‬

ِ‬
‫‪ َ%َ ْR"َِCG‬ا ْ ?َرْض آُّ"‪ْ Aَ َ5‬‬
‫ف ا ْ َ"َ ِ<‪َ .َV‬و ُ‬
‫ُ ِ‬
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‫‪ُ ْR"َCِ G‬‬
‫ُ‬
‫ن ‪ُ8َ eَْr‬م َ‪-َ َ LAَA‬آَ َ‪LَCAَ ُe‬‬
‫ب ‪َAَ )ِD‬م ا ِ ْ‪َ%ِ A‬ن ‪ ْ"ََD‬آَ َ‬
‫‪ِ ُ5h‬ر‪َ‚ ِ .8‬ا ِ‬
‫‡ ا ‬
‫ َ‬
‫‪ُ5m‬رًا ِإذَا َ ْ َ‪ ِ6‬ا ْ َء " ‪ُ َ0‬ا ‪ َgDَ :‬‬
‫َُا‪َ َ% َ َ5‬‬
‫‪ْ #‬و ْ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫=ِ‪َ o8‬أِ) ‪َ .ََ"ِ0‬‬

‪ِ َ%‬إ  ِاْ ‪َ ْAِ Lْ َGَA‬‬
‫= َ َوَأهْ; ا ‚‬
‫{ َآ َ َروَا‪ ُe‬ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م أَ ْ‬
‫‪ٍ 6‬‬
‫{ ِ َ‪ِ %‬‬
‫‪َ"J‬ل َو‪ ;َ ِ0‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي َ ْ َ‬
‫‪َ (h‬ه ُ‪ ;َ ِ0 َ%5‬ا ْ َ‬
‫وَا ‬
‫=‪Œَ6‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ`#‬‬

"ِ ِإنْ َ ْ ‪ ِ6َ8‬ا ْ َء َ‬
‫‪ُ5َm (h‬ر ا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫‪ ِC‬ا ‬
‫@"َ " ا ‬
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‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ذَرّ ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ َ0 :‬ل َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ6‬ان َ‬
‫َ ْ‬
‫=‪B‬ن َأ‪َ ًaْ8‬ورَوَا‪ ُe‬ا ْ ‪َ vِDَJ‬أُ َ‪ ْV‬ا ْ َ‪2B‬ار‬
‫‪ِ Lُ J‬اْ ِ‬
‫‪َJ‬‬
‫^‬
‫^‪ KِJ‬وَ َ‬
‫ي =َ
َ َ‬
‫‪َ " Lُ َ َْO Z‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ا ْ ِ‪ّ -ِ A‬‬
‫`َ‪fَِD L‬ن ذَِ َ‬

ُ‪َ َ L‬‬
‫‪ّ ِ ُ "ْ Dَ ُeَG‬‬
‫‪fَِD‬ذَا َو َ‬
‫‪َُ ِC‬اب ا ْ ‪َْJ‬ث َروَا ُ‪ِ e‬اْ َأِ) =َِ‬
‫‪ (َm‬ا ‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪َ :‬أ ْ‬
‫‪ َ
J‬ا ْ َ‪h‬ن َو‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫‪ Lُ J‬ا ْ ‪َ vِDَJ‬أُ ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َJ‬‬
‫^‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ُه َ ْ‪َ8‬ة َو َ‬

‪َ eَ%‬‬
‫‪ْ Aُ )ِD‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء ‪ )ِD‬ا ‪َ َ Lِ ِ ِ5ْh‬أ ُ‪ََ L‬ل ِ‪)ِD Lُ %ْ A‬‬

‪ُJ‬ا ِ ُ‪ِ ُG‬ه‪َ ُْV‬وأَ ْ‪ " ْVُ 8ِ8‬ا  َ ‚ ََل َ‬
‫َو َر َ‪ِ Lُ َCD‬اْ َ‪َ ْA‬د َو ْ‪َ eِ
َْ )ِD Lِ 8‬و‪َ Aْ َD " L َْ0‬‬
‫] ا ْ ?َ ِ< ‪َ )ِD .‬آ ْ ِ‪ .‬ا  َ ‚ ‪َ !َ"َ#‬أ ْ‪َ0‬ال َأ=َهَ َو ُه َ َ‪ْ-A‬هَ(‬
‫‪َ "ََO‬‬
‫‪َ G‬عِ َو َ ِ‪ِ ْV‬ا ْ‬
‫ ِ ِْ‪ْ f‬‬
‫ َ‪ْ َD‬‬
‫‪ Kْ
Aَ )ِVْ 8َ ْ;َ Lِ <ِ َa#‬ا ْ َ‪ LْG‬وَا ْ َ َ ْ‪ِ 8‬‬
‫‪َ Iِ G‬أ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ ˆُ"ْB8َ َA !َ"َ# َ50َ"m‬ا ْ َ ْ‪ْBَ Vِ %‬‬
‫ُق ِا ‬
‫ن َْ‪ v‬ا ْ َ َ ْ‪ْ 8َ ِ8‬‬
‫ َِ? ‬
‫‪ِ ْ َ َ ْa‬‬
‫ ِ َ‬
‫‪َ 8ِ6‬أ  ُ‪َ (ِ68َ L‬أنْ َ‪ Kَ
ْ 8‬ا ْ َ‪ LْG‬وَا ْ َ َ ْ‪ِ ِ8‬إ َ! ا ْ ِ ْ َ‪ِ ْ َD‬‬
‫) ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َ‬
‫ا `‪ّ Cِ ِD‬‬
‫‪ُCh‬ا َأ ْ‪ُ َ0 " َ 58ِ8‬ا ‪:‬‬

ِ‪َ ْ0َD " .َ0‬‬
‫ َآ َ ‪ .َ8n )ِD‬ا ‬
‫‪َ cَ"h‬و‪َُ8‬اد ِ ِ‪ ˆُ"Bْ 8َ َA َ 5‬ا ْ ‪ِ ْ  َV‬‬
‫‪ ˆُ"Bْ 8َ َA !َ"#‬ا ْ ِ ْ َ‪َ ِْ َD‬آ َ ‪ .َ8n )ِD‬ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء وَ ُ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫َو َ‬
‫‪َ0 َ #‬لَ ‪َ0 :‬ل‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ ُ‬
‫) َ‬
‫‪ .َ8n )ِD َ 0ُ َA !َ"#‬ا ْ ُ‪ُd‬ء َأوْ َ! ِ‪ Iِ Aِ َ6‬ا ‪ِ ُ5h‬ر‪َ .8‬و َذ َآَ َ‪ َA ْ5aْC‬رَوَا ُ‪ e‬ا ا َر ُ‪ّ %ِ ْh0‬‬
‫‪ c‬هَ ُ‪َ َ%5‬‬
‫‪َ ِ"m‬‬
‫= ْ; ‪ُ َA‬أ ْ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫‪132‬‬

‫ن ‪ِ )ِD‬إ@ْ‪َ%‬د‪e‬‬
‫‪ َ?ِ K‬‬
‫ّ‬
‫ " َوَ ِ‪ِ َ8 َ ْV‬‬
‫‪ِ ِ8ْ َ َ ْ" ِ .َْd‬إ َ! ا ْ ِ ْ َ‪ِ ْ َD‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ G‬و َ‬
‫ن ‪ْ َ ْ" ِ .ََْd‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و@َ" َ " ا  َ ‚ ‪ِ ََ َْd‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫رَ@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ ‪ِ<َJ‬‬
‫ب ِ َ ِ‪َ ِe‬‬
‫‪َ َ d‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و@َ" َ َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ن رَ@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫=ِ‪َ o8‬أ ‬
‫‪َ )ِD َ #‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ ُ‬
‫‪ Lِ ِ o8ِJ‬وَ َروَى َأُ دَاوُد َ‬
‫‪ RُBْ8َ َ ًCْ d‬ا ْ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪J‬ظ‬
‫‪ ‰ْCَ Lُ َ Cd‬ا ْ ُ‬
‫‪ RَِQ ْ  J‬ا ْ َ‪ِ Bْ C‬يّ َو َ‪َ ْ0‬‬
‫@‪َ%‬د‪َ Aُ e‬‬
‫‪َ ِLْ #‬وَ ِ‪ِ )ِD ْV‬إ ْ‬
‫‪ َ5ِ K‬ذِرَا َ‬

َ‬
‫‪ُ .َْd‬أ‪َْO‬ى َ‪َ َ D‬‬
‫ب َ‬
‫‪َ َ d‬‬
‫‪َ َ5ِ K‬و‪َ Qُ L5ْG‬‬

َ‬
‫َو َ‪َ A‬‬
‫)‪:‬‬
‫َاب َو‪َ َ0‬ل ا ْ َ‪ّ ِ 5َ ْ B‬‬
‫‪َ KِJ‬و ُه َ ا ‬
‫‪ِ #‬يّ ُهَ ا ‬
‫ي َوَأُ ُزرْ‪ .َ#‬وَاْ َ‬
‫‪َ0 َ #‬لَ ا ْ ُ‪َgB‬رِ ّ‬
‫‪ِ ;ْCDِ !َ"#‬اْ ُ‬
‫‪ ْAِ eْr‬ا َت َ‪َ ُeَُ0َ D‬‬
‫َو َروَا ُ‪َ e‬‬
‫= َ ْ ُ‪ِ َCA‬و‪َ# .َ8‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا  ْ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ا ْ ‪ِ8ْ َ ُJ‬ث َ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬إ َْاهِ ْ ُ‪َ  َJA‬‬
‫) ِ َ رَوَا‪َ ُe‬‬
‫Œ ا ` ِ‪ّ Cِ D‬‬
‫‪ . َV%ْ Aُ o8ِJ‬وَا=ْ َ ‬
‫َر‪َ IْD‬ه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ْ !َ@ُA )ِ%Qَ  َ= . : 8ِG‬‬
‫‪َ .Lْ#‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫‪ K‬وَ‪َ L5ْG‬و ِذرَا َ‬

َ‬
‫@" َ َ َ  َ َ‪َ َ D‬‬
‫ن رَ@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫ ‪َ .‬أ ‬
‫ا ْ َ?‪َْ#‬ج ‪ِ َْ#‬اْ ا ‬
‫‪َْ5G‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ُ‬
‫‪َ#‬ج َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا َْ? ْ‬
‫‪َ .َBْ#‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ !َ@ُA ْ#‬‬
‫‪َh#‬ء َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ ْ L‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ (َC‬‬
‫) =َ ‪ َ= ْ ْCَ ُ َ%َQ‬د =َ  َ‪ِ َO َ%Q‬ر‪ْ Aُ ْ .َG‬‬
‫@‪ ;ْ5‬ا  ْ‪ّ "ِA‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ب ِ ََ‪Lْ8‬‬
‫=! َ‪َ D‬غَ ُ‪َ0  Q‬مَ ِإ َ! ا ْ ‪َ َ َaDَ ِ<َJ‬‬

"َم َ‬
‫) ا ‬
‫‪ "َ#‬‬
‫‪ّ ُ َ8 ْ"ََD Lِ ْ "َ#‬د َ‬

" ْ‪َ R‬‬
‫@" َ َ‪ُB8‬ل َ‪َ D‬‬
‫‪ Lِ ْ َ"#‬وَ َ‬
‫‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ :‬رََأ‪َ Rْ8‬ر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬

"َم ‪ .‬وَا ْ َْل ا ِ) ِإ  ُ‪(ِ68َ L‬‬
‫) ا ‬
‫‪ِ eَ8 َ 5ِ ِ K‬إ َ! ا ْ ِ ْ َ‪َ  Qُ ِْ َD‬ر د ‪ "ََ#‬‬

َ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ ‪َ َ Dَ ِ<َJ‬‬
‫ب ِ َ َ ْ‪َ Lِ 8‬‬
‫‪َ َd‬‬
‫‪َ َ 5ِ ِ K‬و‪َ  Qُ L5ْG‬‬

َ‬
‫‪َ َ Dَ Lِ ْ "ََ#‬‬
‫‪ .ٍ َ ْa‬وَا=َِة ‪.‬‬
‫) ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َِ‪ .8‬وَا  ِ‪َ o‬أ  ُ‪ Kْ
Aَ )ِVْ 8َ L‬ا ْ َ‪ LْG‬وَا ْ َ‪َ ِ ِْ  V‬‬
‫ َو ُهَ َ‪ْ0‬ل ا ` ِ‪ّ Cِ D‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ َ َ ْa‬‬
‫ ِ َ‬
‫َ‪ Kْ
A‬ا ْ َ‪ LْG‬وَا ْ ََ ْ‪ِ ِ8‬إ َ! ا ْ َ‪ِ ْ V‬‬
‫‪ََD َ #‬ل‬
‫‪َ ً"G‬أَ! ُ‬
‫ن رَ ُ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ ِ‪َ L‬أ ‬
‫= َ ْ َأْ‪َ2‬ى َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا  ْ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ذَ ّر َ‬
‫‪َ َVJ‬‬
‫‪ َْ# .َBْCX‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ُ َ%َQ َ= َْCG‬‬
‫= ‪َ ْ  َJAُ َ%َQ‬‬
‫= َ ‪َ :‬‬
‫َو‪َ َ0‬ل ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م َأ ْ‬
‫@ ِ‪َA ِ6َ َْ"Dَ َ%Bْ %َ ْG?َDَ .8‬ء ‪A?ََD‬‬
‫‪َ )ِD R‬‬
‫ ِإذْ َأَ َوَأ ْ َ‬
‫‪ #‬ر َأ‪ْ-َ َA‬آُ ‪َ َ8‬أ‪ ِA‬ا ْ ُ ْ‪َ ِ%Aِ E‬‬
‫ ; ‪َ َ0‬ل َ‬
‫‪َ ُ َ َ #‬‬
‫‪َ ْ"َDَ RْB%َ G‬أ‪َA ِG‬ء َ‪َ َD‬ل ُ‬
‫‪ِ :‬إ) َأ ْ‬
‫‪َDَ Lُ َ Z‬لَ " ِإ  َ آَنَ َ‪" ZِVْ 8‬‬
‫@"َ َذ َآْت َذ ِ َ‬
‫‪ Lِ ْ َ"#‬وَ َ‬
‫) ^َ"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ ; َوَأ‪َ A‬أَ َ‪ )ِD RْVC َ َ D‬ا ‚َاب َ‪َ  "ََD Rْ"َD‬أ َ ْ‪ َ%‬ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫‪َ ُ َْ"Dَ R‬‬
‫َأ ْ َ‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬أَن‬
‫‪#‬ن َ‬
‫= َ أَ ْ‪َ َ%Qَ  َ= : ًa8‬‬
‫‪َ َ5ِ K‬و‪َ L5ْG‬وآَ  ْ ِ‪َ0 . L‬لَ َأ ْ‬

َ‬
‫— ‪َ َ5ِD‬و َ‪َ A‬‬
‫@" َ ِ َ ِ‪ ِe‬ا َْ?رْض ُ‪َ ََ  Q‬‬
‫‪ Lِ ْ َ"#‬وَ َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫) َ‬
‫ب ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫‪َ َ d‬‬
‫وَ َ‬
‫@" َ ‪َ0‬لَ ‪)ِD " :‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫ن َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ #‬ر َأ ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫= َ ْ َأ ْ‪َ2‬ى ‪َ َْ#‬أِ ِ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا  ْ‬
‫@‪َ ْ ِC‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ْ#‬وَة َ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫=َ  َ‪َ0َ َ%Q‬دَة َ‬
‫‪َ َ0 cِX‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪َ َ%َQ َ= wَ #‬‬
‫@"َ ْ َن ا ْ َ? ْ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا َْا=ِ َ‬
‫‪#‬ن =َ ‪َ َ%َQ‬‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫= َ ‪َ :‬‬
‫‪َO‬ى ‪َ0‬لَ َأ ْ‬
‫‪ُ c8ِm‬أ ْ‬
‫"‪َ .‬‬
‫‪ Lِ G‬وَا ْ ‪ِ ْ  َV‬‬
‫ا  َ ‚ ‪ْ َ ْ"ِ .ََْd‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ L‬أ َ َ‪ْ-‬آُ ‪َ0 َA‬ل‬
‫ ; ؟ َ‪َD‬لَ َ‬
‫‪ ِ68َ ْ َ ً"G‬ا ْ َء َْ ‪َ ُ8‬‬
‫ن َر ُ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ L‬وَأِ) ‪َ ََD !َ@ُA‬ل َأُ َ‪ ِBْ َC ِ !َ"ْC8‬ا "‪َ َْ : L‬أ ‬
‫‪ً#‬ا َ‪َ Iَ A‬‬
‫ُآ‪ِ َ0 Rْ%‬‬
‫ك ‪ِ )ِD‬إِ; ‪ )ِD Rْr َ َ Dَ .ََ%َG )ِ%ْ َ َ^?ََD‬ا ‚َاب ‪َ  "ََD‬ر‪RْCَG‬‬
‫@"َ َوِإ‪َ 8‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ #‬ر ِ ُ‪َ : َ C‬أ َ َ‪ْ-‬آُ ِإذْ َ َ‪َ )ِ%َ C‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ن َ‪َ ZِْV8‬أنْ َُل‬
‫@" َ َو‪َ َ0‬ل " ِإ  َ آَ َ‬
‫‪َ َZJ‬ر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫‪ِa‬‬
‫‪َ Dَ LَْBO‬‬
‫@" َ َأ ْ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫ِإ َ! َر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ َ َG َ L‬م ‪َ َA‬رَأ‪Rْ8‬‬
‫=َة َ‪َD‬لَ َ‬
‫‪ .ٍ َ ْa‬وَا ِ‬
‫=َة ِ َ‬

‪ .َJ‬وَا ِ‬
‫‪َ K‬و‪ْ Aَ L5ْG‬‬

َ‬
‫‪َ ًCِ G‬و َ‪َ A‬‬
‫‪َ K‬آ  ْ ِ‪َ L‬‬

َ‬
‫ب ِ َ‪ِ Lِ ْ  V‬إ َ! ا َْ?رْض ُ‪َ Aَ Q‬‬
‫هَ َ‪َ-V‬ا " َو‪َ َ َd‬‬
‫‪َ َ0 " ًBm‬ل ‪ َ Dَ :‬دَرَى‬
‫^‪ًِC‬ا َ‬
‫‪ُ6‬وا ‪َA‬ء ‪ُ  َ َ َD‬ا َ‬
‫‪َ َ0 َZ َِ-ِ Iَ %ِ َ0 َ #‬ل ‪َ َDَ :‬ل َ ُ‪َ L‬أُ ‪ eِ -ِ 5َ ِ ]َْVDَ !َ@ُA‬ا ْ€‪ُ@ )ِD .َ8‬رَة ا ‪َ
%‬ء " ‪ِ َ ْ"ََD‬‬
‫ُ‬

‪ُJ‬ا‬
‫‪َ eْ"ِG !َ"#‬أنْ ‪َ  َ َ َ8‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َ ِ<َة " ‪َ Aْ َD‬‬
‫‪َ Z‬أ=َهْ ِإذَا َ ُدَ ا ْ َء َ‬
‫‪َX‬‬
‫‪ )ِD ْ5ُ َ َ%‬ا  َ ‚ ََ?وْ َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪ُ8َ َA L‬ل َو‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ ْ َ :‬ر‪ْ O‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪َBr‬ر َ‪LْGَ ْ ِ cَ"Cْ 8‬‬
‫ب ‪َm‬هِ َ ُ‪ُ L‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬أ  ُ‪ )ِD ّ ُ َ L‬ا  َ ‚ َأنْ َ‪ُV8‬ن َُِا ٍ‬
‫) َ‬
‫‪ِ َْ ِ Z‬ل ا ` ِ‪ّ Cِ D‬‬
‫@ ُِ ل ِ َ‪َ ِ -‬‬
‫ِ ُ‪ِ ُG‬ه ُ‪َ ْV‬وأَ ْ‪ُ َْDَ " Lُ %ْ Aِ ُْV8ِ8‬ا ْ‬
‫‪Lَْ"#‬‬

" َ َ‬
‫@" َ َو ُه َ ‪ُBَ8‬ل َ‪َ D‬‬
‫) ^َ"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫ ‪َ .‬أ  ُ‪ Bِ % ِ  Aَ L‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ ا ‬
‫@‪ِ َ%‬د‪ ِe‬ا ْ ُ َ َم َ‬
‫) ِِ‪ْ f‬‬
‫‪ْ)X‬ء ‪َ ,‬آ َ َروَى ا ` ِ‪ّ Cِ D‬‬
‫ ِ‪َ Lُ %ْ A‬‬
‫وَا ْ ََ ْ‪ِ 8‬‬
‫‪;َC6‬‬
‫‪َ . Lِ ْ #‬و َ‪ 8ِ8ُ َA " L ْ0‬ا "‪ْ َ ِ L‬‬
‫‪َ َ5ِ K‬و‪َ L5ْG‬وذِرَا َ‬

َ‬
‫ب ِ َ ِ ِ‪َ َ Dَ Lِ ْ "ََ# e‬‬
‫‪ ًCَ ِ Lُ  J‬آََ‪َ َ َaDَ Lُ Cَ Aَ ْR‬‬
‫‪َG‬ار ‪َ َD‬‬
‫=! ‪َ َ0‬م ِإ َ! ِ‬
‫َ‪ّ ُ 8َ ْ"َD‬د ‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ#‬‬
‫‪ُ6‬وا ا ْ َء َأنْ َ ْ‪ُ ِ C‬ا ِإ َ! ا  َ ‚‬
‫ح ا  َ ‚ ِإذَا َ ْ َ‪ِ 8‬‬
‫‪ " ُْV َ Lُ #‬وََ ِ‪5َhُ ِ 8ِ8ُ ْV‬آُْ " َ‪َ-5َ ِ"D‬ا َأَ َ‬
‫=َج" َأيْ ‪ )ِD‬ا ‪ 8‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي ‪َ َ َX‬‬
‫‪َ ْAِ ْVُ ْ "ََ#‬‬
‫‪)ِD R‬‬
‫‪ .ِ  #‬ا  َ ‚ دُون @َ<ِ ا ُْ?‪َ َA‬آ َ َ‪َ Bَ Q‬‬
‫`ُو ِ‬
‫ن َو ِ َ‪َ-5‬ا آَ َ‪َ ْR‬ه‪ ِeِ-‬ا ُْ?‪ْ َ ِ .َ^ُْgAَ .A‬‬
‫` ُ‪ُV‬و َ‬
‫‪ْ َ ْVُ "Cَ َ ْVُ ْ َ"#‬‬
‫‪ ِ ِC‬وَا  َ ‚ ِ ْ‪َ .َ C‬‬
‫ِ ‬
‫ َأ=َ‬
‫‪ 5ُ َhCْ 8ُ َْ ً
ْ O‬‬
‫‪َ Rِh#‬‬
‫@"َ " ُأ ْ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫) ا "‪َ َ0 َ 5ُ %ْ َ# L‬ل ‪َ َ0 :‬ل َر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َd‬‬
‫‪ ْBَ# ْ َِG ْ#‬ا "‪َ L‬ر ِ‬
‫‪َ ِْ َJِJ‬‬
‫ا ‬
‫ ; ‪َ -‬و‪: vْ َ )ِD‬‬
‫"َة ‪َ ُ "ْ َD‬‬
‫‪ُ5m‬رًا َ‪َ َ 8ّ َ?D‬ر‪ُ ْAِ ;ُG‬أ ‪َ )ِA‬أدْ َر َآ ْ ُ‪ L‬ا ‬
‫‪ً6‬ا َو َ‬

ِ‬
‫‪ )ِ ْR"َِCG‬ا َْ?رْض َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫‪َ ْ5X‬و ُ‬
‫( َ‪َِ
A‬ة َ‬
‫‪ِ #‬‬
‫ْت ِ ‚ ْ‬
‫َ‪ِ ُ : )ِ"ْB0‬‬
‫ن ُ‪ oَCBْ 8‬ا ‪ِ ّ)Bِ %‬إ َ! ‪َ LAَْ0‬و ُ ِ‪ِ RْC‬إ َ! ا ‪%‬س‬
‫`َ‪َ .َ#‬وآَ َ‬
‫‪ Rِh#‬ا ‬
‫= ٍ ‪َ )ِ"ْBَ0‬وُأ ْ‬
‫‪َ ?َِ ;ّ J‬‬
‫="‪ )ِ ْR‬ا ْ َ‪َ ِ<َ%/‬وَ ْ َ ِ‬

‪َ eِ6‬و‪ُ5َm‬ر‪ - e‬وَُأ ِ‬
‫َ‪ْ Aَ eْ%Cِ D‬‬

‪ًِ6‬ا‬
‫‪ َ% َ ْRَ"Cِ G‬ا ْ ?َرْض َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫ف ا ْ َ "َ ِ<‪ .َV‬وَ ُ‬
‫ُ ِ‬
‫^ُ‪َ َ%D‬آ ُ‬
‫‪ُ ْR"َِCG‬‬
‫ث ُ‬

"ِ " ‪ !َ"َ# َ%"ْ aُD‬ا ‪%‬س َِ"َ ٍ‬
‫=‪ْ Aُ ْ%ِ# .َْ8َ-‬‬
‫=ِ‪ُ o8‬‬
‫آَ‪َ " .D‬و َ َ َم ‪َ )ِD‬‬
‫‪ُr‬رًا " أَي‬
‫‪Šُ #‬ا َ‬

‪ُJ‬ا ِ ُ‪ِ ُG‬ه ُ‪َ ْV‬وَأ ْ‪ِ ْVُ 8ِ8‬إن ا "‪ L‬آَنَ َ‬
‫َو َُْ‪ُ5َm َ5‬رًا ِإذَا َ ْ َ‪ ِ6‬ا ْ َء " َو‪َ0‬لَ َ‪ )ِD !َ َC‬هَ ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪ .َ8‬ا ْ ‪َ Aْ َD " 8َِV‬‬
‫‪ Z‬أَن‬
‫@‪َ ُْVْ "ََ# .َC‬و ُر‪َ ْVُ َ .َْO‬وذَِ َ‬
‫"َة ِ ِ‪ِ L‬إذَا ‪ ُْ َْ َD‬ا ْ َء َْ ِ‬
‫ح َ ‪ ;ْCDِ ُْV‬ا ‬
‫‪َْr‬ا‪َ ْVُ َ L‬أنْ ‪َ َX‬عَ َ ‪ ُْV‬ا َ ‚ َوَأَ َ‬
‫َو ِ‪َ ْVُ %ْ َ# eَْ# ْA‬و ُ‬
‫=! َ‪;ِ 
َ ْ/8‬‬
‫‪ ُJ‬ا ْ ُ َ‪ ]"V‬وَ َ‪َُ8 َA ;ِCْ 8‬ل َأوْ ‪َ .ََ%َG‬‬
‫=! ‪ْ َ8‬‬
‫@‪َ ْV‬‬
‫ ُ‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ه ْ َ‪ْ ِA .َِ0َ .‬‬
‫"َة َأنْ ُ ْ‪َ ;َC‬‬
‫َه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪ .َ8‬ا ْ َ‪ L8ِ2ْ%َ َ5ِD .َ 8ِV‬ا ‬
‫= َ‪ِ َBِCِ .‬د ِ‪ e‬وَ َرأْ‪.َD‬‬
‫‡ ‪ )ِD‬ا  َ ‚ وَا ْ ‪َ .َ َJ‬ه‪َ eِ ِ-‬ر ْ‬
‫‪َ O‬‬
‫‪َ ْ0َ ; G‬أرْ َ‬
‫‪َ 2#‬و َ‬
‫=! ‪ِ ?dَ َ َ8‬إ  َأنْ َ‪ُV8‬ن َ‪َ ًa8ِA‬أوْ ‪َ#‬دِ‪ِ َ "ْ ِ ًA‬ء ‪fَِD‬ن ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫َأوْ =ََث َ‬
‫ن َه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪ .َ8‬ا ِ) ‪ )ِD‬ا ‪َ
%‬ء‬
‫‪ .#‬ا  َ ‚ " َوِإ  َ َذآََْ َذِ ‪َ َZ‬ه ُ‪ ?َِ َ%5‬‬
‫`ُو ِ‬
‫@‪ُ2ُ (َB‬ول َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫@‪ ْ5ِ ْ "ََ# .َC‬وَِ " ِ‪ L‬ا ْ ‪ ْ َJ‬وَا ْ ِ ‪ِ " ..%‬ذآْ َ‬
‫ِ ِ‪َ ْ5‬و َْ ِ‬
‫) ^َ"!‬
‫^َة ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫= َم َ‪ُ ْC‬أ=ُ ِ َ
ِ ٍ ‪َ َJAُ )ِD‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ g‬إ  َ ُ‬
‫‪ ْ g‬وَا ْ َ‬
‫ن َه ِ‪ 8ِْJَ ;ْB0َ ْRَ 2َ َ ِe-‬ا ْ َ‬
‫ُ‪ .َAَ َ A‬ا ‚‪ُ2%‬ول ‪ .َ8n !َ"َ#‬ا ْ َ ِ<َة وَ ََ‪َ L‬أ ‬

‪ (َB‬هُ‪َ َ%‬و َِ " ِ‪ L‬ا َ‪َ0 . .‬ل‬
‫( َأنْ ُ‪ْ-8‬آَ ا ‬
‫@ َ‬
‫^ْرهَ َ‪َ َ%D‬‬
‫@  َ َ‬
‫@" َ ِ َ‪ )ِ%B‬ا ‪َ ِa%‬وَأ‪ A‬ا ْ َ ِ<َة ‪َ َ2َ َA ِOn ْAِ َ5 fَِD‬ل َو َ ِ‬
‫ا "‪ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬وَ َ‬
‫‪Lْ"َ#‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ o‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫@ َء ‪َ"ِ0‬دَة َ‪َ Cَ Bَ Dَ ْRَV"َ5َ D‬‬
‫@ َ‪َ َC‬رتْ ِ‪َ ْA‬أ ْ‬
‫‪َ .َ`<ِ َ# ْ#‬أ‪ِ َ5‬ا ْ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ ِ‪َ L‬‬
‫= َ‪ِ َ%Q‬اْ ُ َ ْ ‪ِ َْ#‬ه`َم َ‬
‫= َ ‪َ :‬‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫‪ Z‬إِ َ! َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪L‬‬
‫` َ‪ْV‬ا ذَِ َ‬
‫{ َ‪َA ْ5ُ َCA‬ء َ‪ْ"َD‬هَ ِ‪ُ ِ ْ َ/‬و‪ُd‬ء ‪َ َD‬‬
‫‪ُG‬وهَ َ‪َ?D‬دْ َرآَ ْ ُ‪ ْ5‬ا "َة وََ ْ َ‬
‫@" َ ِر‪َ َDَ َ5Bَ"َm )ِD ً َG‬‬
‫َو َ‬
‫‪ َ;Cَ G‬ا "‪Zَ L‬‬
‫‪ًْ O‬ا ‪َ َD‬اَ " ِ‪َ 2َ َ َA L‬ل ِ‪َ Z‬أ‪َ ْVَ ْA‬هِ َ‪ِ Lُ %‬إ  َ‬
‫‪َ2َG : .َ`<ِ َC ِ ْa‬اك ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫@ْ ْ ا ْ ‪َ ُJ‬‬
‫@" َ ‪َ َ2ْ ?ََD‬ل ا "‪ .َ8n L‬ا  َ ‚ ‪َ ََD‬ل ُأ َ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ ِ‪َ# L‬‬
‫= َ ْ ا ْ َ@ِ َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا  ْ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ ]ُ@ُ8 ْ L‬أ ْ َ‪َ Zِ َA ََ?B‬‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪َO‬ى ‪َ0‬لَ ا ْ ُ‪ِ َgB‬ريّ ‪َ :‬‬
‫‪ُ c8ِm‬أ ْ‬
‫‪ًْ O‬ا ‪َ .‬‬
‫ ‪َ Lِ ِD‬‬
‫َوِ ْ" ُ
ِْ" ِ َ‬
‫‪)ِ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ِ wْ6‬ا ْ َ‪ِ Iَ َh‬‬
‫ت ا ْ َ‬
‫=! ِإذَا ُآ‪َْ Bَ ْ ِ %‬ا ِء َأوْ ِ‪َ-‬ا ِ‬
‫@َر‪َ e‬‬
‫@" َ ‪َ ‰ْCَ )ِD‬أ ْ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ Iَ Aَ َ%ْGَ O‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ : ْR ََ0 .َ`<ِ َ#‬‬
‫{ َ‪َA ْ5ُ Cَ A‬ء ‪ !َ?ََD‬ا ‪%‬س ِإ َ! َأِ) َ‪ْV‬‬
‫‪ِ !َ"#‬ا ْ ِ َ@‪َ L‬وَأ‪َ0‬مَ ا ‪%‬س َ‪َ Lُ Cَ A‬وَ ْ
ُا ‪َA !َ"َ#‬ء َوَ ْ َ‬
‫@" َ َ‬
‫َ‪َ0َ?D‬مَ َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫{ َ‪َA ْ5ُ Cَ A‬ء ‪َ َ6َD‬ء َأُ‬
‫‪َA !َ"#‬ء َو َ ْ َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و@َ"َ َوِ ‪%‬سِ َوَ ْ
ُا َ‬
‫‪ِ ُ@َِ R‬ل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫^ َ‪َ .َ`ِ<َ# ْRCَ %‬أ‪ْ َAَ0‬‬
‫‪ُ ََD‬ا ‪َ :‬أ َ ََى ‪َ َA‬‬
‫@"َ وَا ‪%‬س‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫= َ‪َ Rْ
B‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ِ-ِgDَ !َ"#‬ي ‪َ َْ0‬مَ َ‪َ َD‬ل ‪َ :‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و@َ" َ وَا‪َ Iِd‬رأْ@‪َ L‬‬
‫َ‪َ ْV‬ورَ@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫^ َِ) َو َ‬
‫‪ِ َO )ِD eِ َِ ِ َCh‬‬
‫‪ْ 8َ ;َ Cَ G‬‬
‫{ َ‪َA ُْ5Cَ A‬ء ‪َ )ِ%Bَ ََCDَ : .َ`ِ<َ# ْR ََ0‬أُ َ‪َ ْV‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ َX َA :‬ء ا "‪َ L‬أنْ َ‪ُ8‬ل وَ َ‬
‫‪َA !َ"#‬ء َوَ ْ َ‬
‫وََ ْ
ُا َ‬
‫‪ْr‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬‬
‫@"َ َ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ِ-g‬ي َ‪َ َD‬م َر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ِ Dَ !َ"#‬‬
‫@" َ َ‬
‫َ‪ ْAِ )ِ%Cَ% ْ 8‬ا ‪‚َJ‬ك إِ  َ‪َVA‬ن َرأْس رَ@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫) َِ?و ِل َ َآَ ُ‪n َ8 ْV‬ل َأِ) َ‪ َ%ْCَ Bَ Dَ : ْR ََ0 . ْV‬ا ْ َ‪ِCB‬‬
‫@ْ ْ ا ْ ‪ِ َA : َْaُJ‬ه َ‬
‫‪َ 2َ ْ?ََD K‬ل ا "‪ .َ8n L‬ا  َ ‚ َ‪ُ  َ َ D‬ا‪َ ََD .‬ل ُأ َ‬
‫^ َ‪َ B‬‬
‫‪َA‬ء =ِ َأ ْ‬
‫‪. Zِ َA ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ !َْJ8َ ْ !َJ‬‬

"ِ ‪ْ 8َ َْ#‬‬
‫@ َ‪ ;ِ#‬وَ َروَا ُ‪ْ Aُ e‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬إ ْ‬
‫‪َ .َBْ َ ُ0 ْ#‬‬
‫ا ‪ِ-‬ي ُآ‪ ََْGَ Dَ Lِ ْ "ََ# Rْ%‬ا ْ ِ‪َ . LْJَ ْC‬و َ‪ ْ0‬رَوَا ُ‪ e‬ا ْ ُ‪ِ َgB‬ريّ َأ‪َ ًaْ8‬‬
‫‪133‬‬ 

َ# ‫س‬B#
َ ْ‫ْ ِا‬#
َ L" ‫ْ ا‬B#
َ ْ L" ‫ْ ا‬Bَ #
ُ )ِ%Qَ  َ= ‫َب‬5X
ِ ْ‫َ َل ِا‬0 Kِ َ^ َْ# )ِ‫َ َأ‬%َQ =
َ ‫ُب‬Cْ 8َ َ%َQ َ= : َ =
ْ ‫َم َأ‬Afِ ْ ‫َلَ ا‬0 َOn o8ِ=
َ
‫‘َر‬
َ ‫ْع‬2G
َ ْAِ َ5 َ ْ#
ِ Iَ h
َ َْ َD .َ`<ِ َ# LَGْ‫ َزو‬Lُ Cَ Aَ ‫ َو‬wَْ6 ْ ‫ت ا‬
ِ ‫َا‬-ِ ‫س‬
َ  #
َ َ"َ@‫ َو‬Lِ ْ َ"#
َ L" ‫^"! ا‬
َ L" ‫ن رَ@ُل ا‬
 ‫َ@ِ َأ‬8 ْ ‫ ر‬#
َ
(h
 ‫ِِ ا‬C
 ِ ِ5h
ْ  ‫ ا‬.َO
ْ ‫ ُر‬L ُ@‫َ"َ! َر‬# L" ‫ َل ا‬2َ ْ?َDَ ‫َء‬A ‫س‬% ‫ ا‬Iَ Aَ {
َ ْ َ ‫ْ َو‬6َ ْ ‫َ َء ا‬dَ‫=! أ‬
َ َZ ِ‫ْهَ َذ‬#
ِ ‫َء‬/ِ ْ ‫س ِا‬% ‫{ ا‬
َ Bِ ُJDَ 
ً ْ َX ‫ْ ا ‚َاب‬Aِ ‫ُا‬aُ%ْ 8َ ْ َ‫ْ َو‬58ِ8ْ ‫ُا َأ‬CDَ َ‫  ر‬Qُ ‫ْ ِإ َ! ا ْ ?َرْض‬5ِ 8ِ8ْ َ?ِ ‫ َُا‬a
َ َD َ "@
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ْ "ََ# L" ‫ ^َ"! ا‬L" ‫ َر@ُل ا‬Iَ Aَ ‫ن‬
َ ُ "ِْ
ُ ْ ‫ََمَ ا‬D 
ْ‫ِ ِإ َ! ِا‬e‫َ ِد‬%@
ْ fِِ (ْ8َ ‫َ َأُ ُآ‬%Qَ َ= .8َِG ْ‫َْ رَوَى ِا‬0‫ َو‬. ‫ْ ِإ َ! ا ْ€َط‬58ِ8ْ ‫ُن َأ‬hُ ْAِ ‫َآِ( َو‬% َ ْ ‫ْ ِإ َ! ا‬58ِ8ْ ‫ْ َوَأ‬5‫ُه‬G‫َ ُو‬5ِ ‫ُا‬J

َ َ Dَ
‫َء‬d‫=! َأ‬
َ َ"@
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ L" ‫^"! ا‬
َ L" ‫َمَ َر@ُل ا‬0?ََD .َ`<ِ َCِ ْ#
ِ َZَ"5َ Dَ َ"@
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ْ"َ#
َ L" ‫^"! ا‬
َ L" ‫ َر@ُل ا‬Iَ Aَ %‫ ُآ‬: َ‫َل‬0 ‫َن‬Yْ َ ْ ‫َأِ) ا‬
ZِD ْR َ2َ َ .َ‫َ َرآ‬B ُ َ Z‫ ِإ‬: َ5َ ‫ََ َل‬D ْVَ ُ‫َ َ; َأ‬Oَ َD (h
 ‫ِِ ا‬C
 ِ Kْ
َ ْ ‫ ا‬.َO
ْ ُ‫ ر‬Lِ ْ "ََ# ْR َ2َ َ%Dَ .َ`ِ<َ# !َ"#
َ ْVَ ُ‫ َأ‬v
َ  /َ َ َD ْ6َ ْ ‫ا‬ 
َ%Qَ =
َ Lِ 8ْ ‫ْ َد َو‬Aَ ْ ْVَ ُ‫ َأ‬vِDَJ ْ ‫َ َل ا‬0 " َOn o8ِ=
َ " . ‫َآِ( وَا ْ€َط‬% َ ْ ‫َ إِ َ! ا‬%8ِ8ْ ?َ ِ .ََْd‫َ َو‬%‫ُ ِه‬Gُ ِ .َْd
َ َ%8ِ8ْ ?َِ َ%ْ َ a
َ َD .َO
ْ ‫ُر‬ 
َْ 5َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬%Qَ =
َ .8ِ @
َ )ِ‫س ْ َأ‬BَC ْ ‫َ ا‬%Qَ =
َ ‫ْزُوق‬Aَ ْ  J
َ Aُ َ%َQ َ= oْ" ‫َ ا‬%Qَ =
َ َ =
ْ ‫َ
َ ْ َأ‬J ْ ‫َ ا‬%Qَ =
َ ِ‫= َ ْ ِإ َْاه‬
ْ ‫  ْ َأ‬J
َ Aُ
;َ=ْ‫ َأر‬Rْ%ُ‫ آ‬: ‫َ َل‬0 Z8ِX
َ ْ Iَ"ْ@?َْ ‫ْ ا‬#
َ Lِ ِ‫ْ َأ‬#
َ .َ%@
َ ْ`#
َ .َCBْ @
َ ‫ َو‬.َ<ِA َ‫َش‬#‫ْ َو‬C@
َ ْ (ْC‫ ْ َآ‬Zِ َA )ِ%َ ْAِ )
ّ Vِ ِ َ ْ ‫ ا‬cْ8َ‫ْ ُزر‬#
َ
‫ أَن‬Rْ‫ ِه‬Vَ Dَ .َ"ْ= ‫ َو@َ" َ ا‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ L" ‫^"! ا‬
َ L" ‫ َ ِردَة َوَأرَا َد رَ@ُل ا‬.َ"ْ َ )ِD .ََ%G
َ )ِ%َْ َ^َ?َD َ "@
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ْ َ"#
َ L" ‫ ^َ"! ا‬L" ‫ َر@ُل ا‬.َ0َ
‫ْ ا َْ? َْر‬Aِ ً"ُG‫ْت َر‬Aَ ?ََD ‫َض‬Aْ ‫ُت َأوْ َأ‬A?ََD ‫َرِد‬B ْ ‫ َ
ِ; ِ ْ َ ِء ا‬r
ْ َ‫ َأنْ أ‬Rِ`َO‫ُ( َو‬%ُG َ‫@" َ َوَأ‬
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ْ "ََ# L" ‫ ^َ"! ا‬L" ‫ رَ@ُل ا‬.َ0َ ;َ=‫أَ ْر‬
)ِ َA Iَ"@
ْ ‫َ َأ‬8 " ‫َ َل‬Dَ LَJْ^‫@" َ َوَأ‬
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ L" ‫ ^َ"! ا‬L" ‫ َر@ُل ا‬RْJ
ِ َ  ُQ Rْ"

َ َ r
ْ ‫َء وَا‬A َ5ِ Rْ%g
َ@
ْ ?ََD ‫َرًا‬6=
ْ ‫ َأ‬Rْd
َ َ‫ُ  ر‬Q َ5"َ=َ َD
.ََ%َG )ِ%ْ ََ^‫ ِإ) َأ‬: Rْ"ُ0 " ‫َ َل " وَِ َ ؟‬0 ‫ْ ا ْ ?َ َْر‬Aِ ;ُG‫َ َر‬5َ"=
 َ‫َ ر‬5"َ=‫ َ ْ َأ ْر‬L" ‫َ َر@ُل ا‬8 Rْ"ُ0 " ‫ َتْ ؟‬/َ َ ْ0َ Zَ"ْ=‫َأرَى ِر‬
‫"َة‬
 ‫َ َ! " َ َْ َُا ا‬Cَ L" ‫َ َل ا‬2ْ?ََD . Lِ ِ Rْ"

َ َ ْrَD ‫َء‬A َ5ِ Rْ%َg@
ْ ?ََD ‫َرًا‬6=
ْ ‫ َأ‬Rْd
َ ‫َ َو َر‬5"َ=ْ8َ ْ‫ َأن‬LْAَ ?َDَ )ِ
َْ !َ"َ# ّ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬Rِ`َgDَ
Lْ%#
َ َOn LْGَ‫ْ و‬Aِ َ‫ْ ُر ِوي‬0َ ‫َُرًا " َو‬r ‫َ ُŠا‬# ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ آ‬L" ‫ " ِإن ا‬L ْ0َ !َ ‫َ َُ ُنَ " ِإ‬A ‫َْ" ُا‬Cَ !=
َ ‫َرَى‬V@
ُ ُْ ْ ‫ وََأ‬.
Allah forbade His believing servants from praying while drunk, for one does not know the
meaning of what he is saying in that state, and He forbade them from attending the Masjids
while sexually impure, except when one is just passing through the Masjid from one door to
another. This Ayah was revealed before alcohol consumption was completely prohibited, as
evident by the Hadith that we mentioned in Surat Al-Baqarah when we explained Allah's
statement, 
ِ

ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ِ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ ا‬
ِ#
َ Z
َ َ ُ"‫
َـ‬
ْ َ8
(They ask you about alcoholic drink and gambling). In that Hadith, the Messenger of Allah
recited this Ayah to `Umar, who said, "O Allah! Explain the ruling about Khamr (intoxicants)
for us in a plain manner.'' When this Ayah 4:43 was revealed, the Prophet recited it to
`Umar, who still said, "O Allah! Explain the ruling about Khamr (intoxicants) for us in a plain
manner.'' After that, they would not drink alcohol close to the time of prayer. When Allah's
statement, 
‫ن‬
َ ُJِ"ْ ُ ْVُ "Cَ َ eُ ُBِ%َ G
ْ َD 
ِ ‫َـ‬hْ `
 ‫ َ ِ; ا‬#
َ ْA ٌ{G
ْ ‫ب وَا ”[زْ َ[ ُم ِر‬
ُ َ”[‫
ُ وَا‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ُ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ُاْ ِإ  َ ا‬%Aَ n َ8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ‫َـ‬8
(O you who believe! alcoholic drinks, gambling, Al-Ansab, and Al-Azlam are an abomination
of Shayatan's handiwork. So avoid that in order that you may be successful. ) 5:90, until, 
َ‫ُن‬5َ %‚A ُْ ْ ‫;ْ َأ‬5َ َD
(So, will you not then abstain) 5:91 was revealed, `Umar said, "We abstain, we abstain.'' In
another narration, when the Ayah in Surat An-Nisa' was revealed, 
َ‫َ َُ ُن‬A ْ‫َ" ُا‬Cْ َ !=
َ ‫َـَى‬Vُ@ ُْ َ‫"َةَ َوأ‬
 ‫ُاْ َ[ َ َُْاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8
(O you who believe! Do not approach Salah while you are in a druken state until you know
what you are saying,) at the time of prayer, the Messenger of Allah would have someone
proclaim; "Let not any drunk approach the prayer.'' This is the wording collected by Abu
Dawud.

134

Ibn Abi Hatim has recorded some reports about the incident of its revelation: Sa`d said,
"Four Ayat were revealed concerning me. A man from the Ansar once made some food and
invited some Muhajirin and Ansar men to it, and we ate and drank until we became
intoxicated. We then boasted about our status.'' Then a man held a camel's bone and injured
Sa`d's nose, which was scarred ever since. This occurred before Al-Khamr was prohibited,
and Allah later revealed, 
‫َـَى‬V@
ُ ْ ُ َ‫"َ َة َوأ‬
 ‫ُاْ َ[ َْ َُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ‫َـ‬8
(O you who believe! Approach not AsSalat (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state).
Muslim recorded this Hadith, and the collectors of the Sunan recorded it, with the exception
of Ibn Majah. Another Reason Ibn Abi Hatim narrated that `Ali bin Abi Talib said, "AbdurRahman bin `Awf made some food to which he invited us and served some alcohol to drink.
When we became intoxicated, and the time for prayer came, they asked someone to lead us in
prayer. He recited `Say, `O disbelievers! I do not worship that which you worship, but we
worship that which you worship refer to the correct wording of the Surah: 109.''' Allah then
revealed, 
َ‫َ َُ ُن‬A ْ‫َ" ُا‬Cْ َ !=
َ ‫َـَى‬Vُ@ ُْ َ‫"َةَ َوأ‬
 ‫ُاْ َ[ َ َُْاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8
(O you who believe! Do not approach Salah when you are in a drunken state until you know
what you are saying). '' This is the narration collected by Ibn Abi Hatim and At-Tirmidhi,
who said "Hasan Gharib Sahih.'' Allah's statement, 
َ‫َ َُ ُن‬A ‫َْ" ُ ْا‬Cَ !=
َ
(until you know what you are saying) is the best description for when one is intoxicated, that
is, when he does not know the meaning of what he is saying. When a person is drunk, he
makes obvious mistakes in the recitation and will not be able to be humble during the prayer.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«‫ُل‬8َ َA َ "َْC8َ !=
َ ،ْ%َ َ "ْ َD ْ‫َ ِف‬%ْ َ ْ"Dَ ،)"
َ ُ8 َ ‫= ُ ُآْ َو ُه‬
َ ‫{ َأ‬
َ Cَ َ ‫»ِإذَا‬
(If one feels sleepy while he is praying, let him sleep for a while so that he knows the meaning
of what he is saying.) This was also recorded by Al-Bukhari and An-Nasa'i. In some of the
narrations of this Hadith, the Messenger said,
«Lَ 
ْ َ (


ُ َ َD ُ ِ/ْ َ

ْ 8َ (
ُ ‫ْ َه‬-8َ Lُ "Cَ َ"Dَ »
(...For he might want to ask for forgiveness, but instead curses himself!) Allah said, 
ْ‫
"ُا‬
ِ َ ْ/َ !=
َ ;ٍ ِB@
َ ‫َِِى‬# [ ‫ً ِإ‬Bُ%ُG [َ ‫ َو‬
(nor while Junub (sexually impure), except while passing through, until you bathe (your entire
body),) Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn `Abbas said that Allah's statement, 
ْ‫
"ُا‬
ِ َ ْ/َ !=
َ ;ٍ ِB@
َ ‫َِِى‬# [ ‫ً ِإ‬Bُ%ُG [َ ‫ َو‬
(nor while Junub (sexually impure), except while passing through, until you bathe (your entire
body,) means, "Do not enter the Masjid when you are Junub, unless you are just passing by, in
135

which case, you pass through without sitting down.'' Ibn Abi Hatim said that similar is
reported from `Abdullah bin Mas`ud, Anas, Abu `Ubaydah, Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib, Abu AdDuha, `Ata', Mujahid, Masruq, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Zayd bin Aslam, Abu Malik, `Amr bin
Dinar, Al-Hakam bin `Utaybah, `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Yahya bin Sa`id Al-Ansari, Ibn
Shihab and Qatadah. Ibn Jarir recorded that Yazid bin Abi Habib commented on Allah's
statement, 
ٍ;ِB@
َ ‫َ ِِى‬# [ ‫ً ِإ‬Bُ%ُG [َ ‫ َو‬
(nor while Junub (sexually impure), except while passing through,) when some men from the
Ansar, whose doors literally opened into the Masjid, were sexually impure, and they did not
have water, their only way to get water was to pass through the Masjid. So, Allah sent down, 
ٍ;ِB@
َ ‫َ ِِى‬# [ ‫ً ِإ‬Bُ%ُG [َ ‫ َو‬
(nor while Junub (sexually impure), except while passing through,).'' What supports this
statement by Yazid bin Abi Habib, may Allah have mercy upon him, is Al-Bukhari's report in
his Sahih, that the Messenger of Allah said,
«ْVَ )ِ‫ َأ‬.َ O
َ ْO
َ  ‫ ِ ِإ‬6
ِ

ْ َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D .ٍ O
َ ْO
َ ;‫@‚وا ُآ‬
ُ »
(Close all the small doors in this Masjid, except that of Abu Bakr.) This is what the Prophet
commanded at the end of his life, knowing that Abu Bakr will be the Khalifah after him, and
that he would need to enter the Masjid on numerous occasions to manage the important
affairs of the Muslims. Yet, the Messenger of Allah commanded that all the small doors that
open into the Masjid be closed, except Abu Bakr's door. Some of the Sunan compilers
recorded the Prophet saying that only `Ali's door should remain open, but this is an error,
what is in the Sahih is what is correct. In his Sahih, Muslim recorded that `A'ishah said, "The
Messenger of Allah said to me,
«ِ6

ْ َ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ Aِ ‫ ْ َ َة‬g
ُ ْ ‫) ا‬%ِ ِ‫»َ ِو‬
(Bring me the garment from the Masjid.) I said, `I am having my period.' He said,
«‫َِك‬8 )ِD R
ْ َ 
ْ َ Z
ِ َ a
َ ْ=
َ ‫ن‬
 ‫»ِإ‬
(Your period is not in your hand.) Muslim also collected a similar narration from Abu
Hurayrah. This Hadith indicates that the woman is allowed to pass through the Masjid during
menses or post-natal bleeding, and Allah knows best.
Allah said, 
ًBm
َ ‫ًِا‬C^
َ ْ‫َ َ َ  ُا‬D ‫َ€ ًء‬A ْ‫ُوا‬6
ِ َ ْ"َDَ َ‫
َ€ء‬% ‫
ُُ ا‬
ْ َ ‫َ€ ِ<ِ َأ ْو َـ‬/ ْ ‫ ا‬A ْVُ %ْ A ٌ=
َ ‫َ€ َء َأ‬G ْ‫@ ٍَ َأو‬
َ !َ"َ# ْ‫َ! أَو‬dْA ُ%ُ‫ َوِإنْ آ‬
(and if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes from the Gha'it (toilet), or from
Lamastum (touching) women, but you do not find water, then perform Tayammum with clean
earth, rubbing your face and hands. Truly, Allah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.) As
for the type of illness which would allow Tayammum, it is an illness that one fears would be
aggravated by using water, which could be detrimental to a part of the body, or when doing so
would prolong an illness. Some scholars said that any type of illness warrants Tayammum,
136

because of the general indications of the Ayah. As for travelling on a journey, it is known,
regardless of its length. Allah then said, 
ِ<ِ €َ/ ْ ‫ ا‬A ْVُ %ْ A ٌ=
َ ‫َ€ءَ َأ‬G ْ‫َأو‬
(or comes from the Gha'it). The Gha'it is, literally, the flat land, and this part of the Ayah
refers to the minor impurity. Allah then said, 
َ‫
َ€ء‬% ‫َأوْ َـ َ
ْ ُ ُ ا‬
(or you Lamastum women), which was recited Lamastum and Lamastum, referring to sexual
intercourse. For instance, Allah said in another Ayah, 
ُْ d
ْ َ َD َA ]
ُ 
ْ ِ%Dَ .ً a
َ 8َِD 
 5ُ َ ُْ d
ْ َ َD ْ0َ ‫ْ ِ; أَن َ َ
‚ ُه َو‬B0َ ِA ‫"ْ ُ ُ ُه‬m
َ ‫ َوإِن‬
(And if you divorce them before you have touched them, and you have appointed unto them
the dowry, then pay half of that) 2:237, and, 
َ5َ ‫ َ‚و‬Cْ َ ٍ‫ ة‬#
ِ ْAِ 
 5ِ ْ َ"#
َ ْVُ َ َ Dَ 
 ‫ ِ; أَن َ َ
‚ ُه‬Bْ َ0 ِA 
 ‫"ْ ُ ُ ُه‬m
َ Qُ R
ِ ‫َـ‬%Aِ ْE ُ ْ ‫ْ ُ ُ ا‬JVَ َ ‫ُاْ ِإذَا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ8
(O you who believe! When you marry believing women, and then divorce them before you
have touched them, no `Iddah (period of waiting) have you to count in respect of them) 
33:49. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn `Abbas said that Allah's statement, 
َ‫
َ€ء‬% ‫َأوْ َـ َ
ْ ُ ُ ا‬
(or Lamastum women) refers to sexual intercourse. It was reported that `Ali, Ubayy bin Ka`b,
Mujahid, Tawus, Al-Hasan, `Ubayd bin `Umayr, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ash-Sha`bi, Qatadah and
Muqatil bin Hayyan said similarly. Allah said, 
ًBm
َ ‫ًِا‬C^
َ ْ‫َ َ  ُا‬Dَ ‫َ€ ًء‬A ْ‫ُوا‬6
ِ َ ْ"َDَ 
(but you do not find water,them perform Tayammum with clean earth,) In the Two Sahihs, it
is recorded that `Imran bin Husayn said, ‫) ا م‬D ;8  [2CA TG‫ و@"ّ رأى ر‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫إن ر@ل ا‬
‫ل‬D:
«‫
ِ"ٍ؟‬
ْ Aُ ;ٍ ُGَ ِ R
َ

ْ َ‫ َأ‬،ِ‫ ا ْ َْم‬Iَ Aَ )
َ "َُ ْ‫ َأن‬Z
َ Cَ %َ Aَ َA ُ‫"َن‬Dُ َ8»
‫ل‬0 ،‫ء‬A [‫ و‬.%G )%^‫ أ‬V ‫ و‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 ،!" :‫ل‬0:
«ZِْV8َ Lُ fَِD ،ِِC ِ Z
َ ْ "َ#
َ»
(Allah's Messenger saw a person sitting away from the people and not praying with them. He
asked him, `O so-and-so! What prevented you from offering the prayer with the people, are
not you Muslim' He replied, `Yes, O Allah's Messenger! I am Junub and there is no water.'
The Prophet said, `Perform Tayammum with clean earth and that will be sufficient for you.')
The linguistic meaning of Tayammum is to intend, as Arabs say, "May Allah Tayammamaka
(direct at you) His care.'' `Clean earth' means dust. In his Sahih, Muslim recorded that
Hudhayfah bin Al-Yaman said that the Messenger of Allah said,

137 

َ ‫ ِإذَا‬،‫ُرًا‬5m
َ َ% َ َ5ُ َ ُْ ْRَ"Cِ G
ُ ‫ َو‬،‫ًا‬6
ِ

ْ Aَ َ5"‚‫َ ا ْ َ?رْضُ ُآ‬% َ ْRَ"ِCG
ُ ‫ َو‬،ِ.Vَ <ِ َ" َ ْ ‫ُفِ ا‬
ُ ‫َ َآ‬%Dُ ُ^
ُ ْR"َِCG
ُ :‫ث‬
ٍ َ"َ ِ ِ‫س‬% ‫َ"َ! ا‬# َ%ْ"a 
ُD»
«‫ِ ِ ا ْ َء‬6َ
(We were given preference over people in three things. Our lines (in prayer) were arranged in
rows to resemble the rows of the angels, all of the earth was made a Masjid for us, and its dust
was made clean for us when there is no water.) The Messenger mentioned the favor of making
dust a purifyer for us, and if there were any other substance to replace it for Tayammum, he
would have mentioned it. Imam Ahmad and the collectors of Sunan, with the exception of Ibn
Majah, recorded that Abu Dharr said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«ْO
َ Z
َ َِ‫ن ذ‬
 fَِD ،ُLَ َ`
َ َ Lُ

 ِ ُ "ْ َD eُ َG
َ ‫ذَا َو‬fَِD ،ٍŒ6
َ=
ِ َ `
ْ َ# ‫ ِ ا ْ َ َء‬6
ِ 8َ ْ َ ْ‫ َوِإن‬،ِ"ِ

ْ ُ ْ ‫ُ ُر ا‬5m
َ (
ُ h
 ‫ُِ ا‬C ‫»ا‬
(Clean earth is pure for the Muslim, even if he does not find water for ten years. When he
finds water, let him use it for his skin, for this is better.) At-Tirmidhi said, "Hasan Sahih''.
Allah's statement, 
ْVُ 8َ ِ 8ْ ‫ْ َوَأ‬Vُ ِ‫ُه‬Gُ ِ ْ‫ُا‬J

َ Aْ َD
(rubbing your faces and hands (Tayammum)) indicates that Tayammum is a substitute for
normal ablution, not that it involves cleaning the parts that normal ablution does. Therefore,
it is sufficient in Tayammum to just wipe the face and hands, as the consensus concurs. The
face and hands are wiped with one strike on the sand in this case, as Imam Ahmad recorded
that `Abdur-Rahman bin Abza said that a man came to `Umar and asked him, "I am Junub,
but there is no water.'' `Umar said, "Then, do not pray.'' `Ammar said, "Do you not
remember, O Leader of the Faithful! You and I were on a military expedition when we became
Junub and did not find water. You did not pray, but I rolled myself in the sand and then
prayed. When we went back to the Prophet, we mentioned to him what had happened. He said
to me, S
«ZِVْ 8َ َ‫»ِإ  َ آَن‬
(This would have been sufficient for you), and the Prophet stroked his hand on the earth once,
blew into it and wiped his face and hands.'' The Muslim Ummah, rather than all other
nations, was favored with the allowance of Tayammum. In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that
Jabir bin `Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
)ِA ‫ْ ُأ‬Aِ ;ٍ ُG‫ َ َر‬8‚ َ?Dَ ،‫ُرًا‬5َmَ‫ًا و‬6
ِ

ْ Aَ ُ‫) ا َْ?رْض‬
َ ِ ْR"َِCG
ُ ‫ َو‬،ٍ5ْ X
َ ‫
ِ َ َة‬Aَ (
ِ #
ْ ‚ ِ ‫ت‬
ُ ُِْ :)ِ"Bْ َ0 ٌ=
َ ‫ َأ‬
 5ُ َhCْ 8ُ َْ ً
ْ O
َ R
ُ ِh#
ْ ‫»ُأ‬
«;َُ ْ"Dَ ُ‫"َة‬
 ‫ ا‬Lُ ْ َ‫َأدْ َرآ‬
v )D‫و‬:
!َ ‫ ِإ‬R
ُ ْ Cِ ُ ‫ َو‬،ِLAِ ْ َ0 ! ِ‫ إ‬o
ُ Cَ Bْ 8ُ )
‚ Bِ % ‫ن ا‬
َ َ‫ َوآ‬،َ.#
َ َ`
 ‫ ا‬R
ُ ِh#
ْ ‫ َوُأ‬،)ِ"ْB0َ ٍ=
َ ?َِ ; J
ِ َ ْ َ‫ َو‬،ُ<ِ َ%/َ ْ ‫) ا‬
َ ِ ْR"ِ=‫ َوُأ‬،ُeُ6
ِ

ْ Aَ ‫ُ َو‬e‫ُ ُر‬5m
َ ُeَ %ْ ِCDَ »
«.Aَ# ‫س‬
ِ % ‫ا‬
(I have been given five things which were not given to any (Prophet) before me: Allah made
me victorious with fright that covers a month's distance. The earth has been made for me (and
for my followers) a place for praying and an object to perform purification with. Therefore let
my followers pray wherever the time of a prayer is due - and in another narration - he will
have his means of purity and his Masjid. The spoils of war have been made lawful for me and
it was not made so for anyone else before me. I have been given the right of intercession (on
138

the Day of Resurrection.) Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation exclusively, but I have
been sent to all mankind.) We also mentioned the Hadith of Hudhayfah that Muslim
recorded;
«‫ِ ِ ا ْ َء‬6َ ْ َ ‫ ِإذَا‬،‫ُرًا‬5m
َ َ5ُ َ ُْ َ‫ و‬،‫ًا‬6
ِ

ْ Aَ ‫ض‬
ُ ْ‫َ ا ْ ?َر‬% َ ْRَ"Cِ G
ُ ‫ َو‬،ِ.Vَ <ِ َ" َ ْ ‫ف ا‬
ِ ُ
ُ ‫َ َآ‬%Dُ ُ^
ُ ْR"َِCُG ،ٍ‫س ِ َ"َث‬
ِ % ‫َ"َ! ا‬# َ%"ْ aDُ »
(We were preferred with three things over people. Our lines (in prayer) were arranged in rows
to resemble the rows of the angels, all of the earth was made a Masjid for us, and its dust was
made clean for us when there is no water.) Allah said in this Ayah, 
ً‫ُرا‬r
َ ‫ُ ًّا‬#
َ َ‫ آَن‬Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ْ ِإ‬Vُ 8َ ِ8ْ ‫ْ َوَأ‬Vُ ‫ُ ِه‬Gُ ِ ْ‫ُا‬J

َ Aْ َD
(rubbing your faces and hands. Truly, Allah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.) meaning,
a part of His pardoning and forgiving is that He allows you to use Tayammum and to pray
after using it when there is no water, to make things easy for you. This Ayah sanctifies the
position of the prayer, it being too sacred than to be performed in a defecient manner, like in a
state of drunkenness, until one becomes aware of what he is saying, or sexually impure, until
he bathes (Ghusl), or after answering the call of nature, until he performs ablution. There are
exceptions when one is ill or when there is no water. In this case, Allah allows us to use
Tayammum, out of His mercy and kindness for His servants, and to facilitate them, all praise
is due to Allah.
Al-Bukhari recorded that `A'ishah said, "We set out with Allah's Messenger on one of his
journeys until we reached Al-Bayda' or Dhat-ul-Jaysh, where a necklace of mine was broken
(and lost). Allah's Messenger stayed there to search for it, and so did the people along with
him. There was no water source or any water with them at that place, so the people went to
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq and said, `Don't you see what `A'ishah has done! She has made Allah's
Messenger and the people stay where there is no source of water and they have no water with
them.' Abu Bakr came while Allah's Messenger was sleeping with his head on my thigh. He
said to me, `You have detained Allah's Messenger and the people where there is no source of
water and they have no water with them.' So he admonished me and said what Allah wished
him to say and hit me on my flank with his hand. Nothing prevented me from moving
(because of pain) but the position of Allah's Messenger on my thigh. Allah's Messenger got up
when dawn broke and there was no water. So Allah revealed the verses of Tayammum, and
they all performed Tayammum. Usayd bin Hudayr said, `O the family of Abu Bakr! This is
not the first blessing of yours.' Then the camel on which I was riding was moved from its place
and the necklace was found beneath it.'' Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded this Hadith

139

22. QS Al Ma'idah 5:100 

‫ُن‬Jِ"ْ ُ ُْV"Cَ َ (
ِ ‫َـ‬B ْ [” ‫ُ?وْ ِ! ا‬8 Lَ " ‫َ ُاْ ا‬D o
ِ ِBَg ْ ‫َ َآ ْ َةُ ا‬ZBَ 6
َ#
ْ ‫( وََ ْ َأ‬
ُ  h
 ‫ وَا‬o
ُ ِBg
َ ْ ‫ 
َِى ا‬
ْ 8َ [ ;ُ0
5:100. Katakanlah: "Tidak sama yang buruk dengan yang baik, meskipun banyaknya yang
buruk itu menarik hatimu, maka bertakwalah kepada Allah hai orang-orang berakal, agar
kamu mendapat keberuntungan."
(100. Say: "Not equal are the bad things and the good things, even though the abundance of
the bad may please you. '' So have Taqwa of Allah, O men of understanding in order that you
may be successful.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
ْVُ "Cَ َ ‫ب‬
ِ َBْ ?َ ْ ‫َ أُو ِ) ا‬8 Lَ " ‫َ ُا ا‬D o
ِ ِBَg ْ ‫ آَ ْ َ ُة ا‬Z
َ Bَ 6
َ ْ#‫( َو َْ َأ‬
ُ  h ‫ وَا‬o
ُ ِBg
َ ْ ‫
َِي ا‬
ْ 8َ َ ْ;ُ0
‫ 
ن " آة‬U‫ ا‬58‫ أ‬8 ‫" أي‬ZB6#‫( و  أ‬h ‫ وا‬oBg ‫ 
ي ا‬8 [ "  JA 8 ;0 "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬L @ ! C ‫ل‬8
" !5 ‫  آ وأ‬A O !‫; وآ‬0 A " o8J ‫) ا‬D ‫ء‬G  ‫ر آ‬a ‫ام ا‬J ‫ ا‬V ‫ ا‬A O ID% ‫ل ا‬TJ ‫) أن ا "; ا‬%C8 " oBg ‫ا‬
)‫ أ‬# .#D‫ن  ر‬CA %Q= (CX   JA %Q= )mJ ‫ ا‬%Q= ‫ أ=   زه‬%Q= : L 6CA )D ‫ي‬/B ‫ل أ ا @ ا‬0‫و‬
‫ل‬D [A )%0‫ز‬8 ‫ أن‬W‫ ادع ا‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : ‫ل‬0 ‫ري‬M‫( ا‬m=  .B"CQ ‫ أن‬.AA‫ ا @ أ) أ‬# - 828  )"# - Z" ‫ ا‬B#
.JJ ‫ل ا‬C ‫ ذوي ا‬8 ‫ب " أي‬B M‫ أو ) ا‬8 W‫ا ا‬D " Lh [ ‫ آ‬A O eVX ‫دي‬E ;"0 ""@‫ و‬L"# W‫) ^"! ا‬B% ‫ا‬
‫ة‬Ox‫) ا  وا‬D ‫ن " أي‬J" V"C " L ‫ل واآا‬TJ  ‫ا‬C%0‫ وا‬e#‫ام ود‬J ‫ا ا‬B%6‫ و‬. 
‫ا‬.
Allah says to His Messenger , 
ْ;0ُ 
(Say,) O Muhammad , 
َZBَ 6
َ#
ْ ‫( َوَ ْ َأ‬
ُ  h ‫ وَا‬o
ُ ِBَg ْ ‫ 
َِى ا‬
ْ َ8 [ 
(Not equal are the bad things and the good things, even though they may please you) O
human, 
ِoِBg
َ ْ ‫ َآ ْ َ ُة ا‬
(the abundance of bad.) This Ayah means, the little permissible is better than the abundant
evil. 
ِ(‫َـ‬B ْ Mَ ‫ُ?وْ ِ! ا‬8 Lَ " ‫َُاْ ا‬D
(have Taqwa of Allah, O men of understanding...) who have sound minds, avoid and abandon
the impermissible, and let the permissible be sufficient for you, 
َ‫ُن‬J"ِْ ُ ْVُ "Cَ َ
(in order that you may be successful.) in this life and the Hereafter. '' So have Taqwa of Allah,
140

O men of understanding in order that you may be successful.) (101. O you who believe! Ask
not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. But if you ask about
them while the Qur'an is being revealed, they will be made plain to you. Allah has forgiven
that, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.) (102. Before you, a community asked such
questions, then on that account they became disbelievers.) Allah says to His Messenger , 
ْ;0ُ 
(Say,) O Muhammad , 
َZBَ 6
َ#
ْ ‫( َوَ ْ َأ‬
ُ  h ‫ وَا‬o
ُ ِBَg ْ ‫ 
َِى ا‬
ْ َ8 [ 
(Not equal are the bad things and the good things, even though they may please you) O
human, 
ِoِBg
َ ْ ‫ َآ ْ َ ُة ا‬
(the abundance of bad.) This Ayah means, the little permissible is better than the abundant
evil. 
ِ(‫َـ‬B ْ Mَ ‫ُ?وْ ِ! ا‬8 Lَ " ‫َُاْ ا‬D
(have Taqwa of Allah, O men of understanding...) who have sound minds, avoid and abandon
the impermissible, and let the permissible be sufficient for you, 
َ‫ُن‬J"ِْ ُ ْVُ "Cَ َ
(in order that you may be successful.) in this life and the Hereafter

141

23. QS Al Maaidah 5:35 
‫ُن‬J"ِْ ُ ْVُ "Cَ َ Lِ "ِِBَ@ !ِD ْ‫ُوا‬5ِ ‫َـ‬G‫ َو‬.َ "َِ@َ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ َ ‫ُاْ ِإ‬/َ ْ ‫ وَا‬Lَ " ‫ُاْ ا ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8َ
5:35. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, bertakwalah kepada Allah dan carilah jalan yang
mendekatkan diri kepada-Nya, dan berjihadlah pada jalan-Nya, supaya kamu mendapat
keberuntungan.
(35. O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah and seek the Wasilah to Him, and strive hard in
His cause, so that you may be successful.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
ْVُ "Cَ َ Lِ "ِِB@
َ )ِD ‫َ ِهُوا‬G‫ َو‬.َ "َِ@َ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ْ َ‫ُا ِإ‬/َ ْ ‫ وَا‬Lَ " ‫ُا ا ُا ا‬%Aَ n 
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8‫َ َأ‬8
‫ل‬0 0‫ت و‬5% ‫رم وك ا‬J ‫ ا‬# ‫ف‬V[‫ ا‬5 ‫ آن ا اد‬L#h R0 ‫ وه) إذا‬e‫ ا‬%AE ‫ ا‬e‫د‬B# ‫ا‬An ! C ‫ل‬8
;<‫ه وأ وا‬6A ‫ل‬0 ‫ا‬-‫ وآ‬. ‫س أي ا‬B# ‫ ا‬# ‫ء‬h# # .J"m # : ‫ل @ن ا ري‬0 "."@ ‫ ا‬L ‫ا إ‬/‫ه " وا‬C 
‫أ ا‬0‫ و‬Ld8   ; C ‫ وا‬L#h L ‫دة أي ا إ‬0 ‫ل‬0‫ وا= و‬r‫ و‬8‫  آ وا 
ي وا ز‬W‫ ا‬B#‫دة و‬0‫ 
و‬J ‫وا‬ 
‫ ا‬L"# `‫ وأ‬LD 8 
‫ف  ا‬TO [ . <M‫[ء ا‬E‫ ه‬L 0 ‫ي‬- ‫ا ا‬-‫ " وه‬."@ ‫ ا‬5‫ن إ ! ر‬/B8 ‫ن‬#8 8- ‫ ا‬Z ‫ " أو‬8‫ز‬
;J ! ‫ إ‬5 ;^8 ) ‫ ه) ا‬."@ ‫ وا @<; وا‬%% )D ‫د ا‬#‫ و‬%"^ # ‫ن‬X‫; ا ا‬r ‫ إذا‬: #` ‫ل ا‬0 8G
)‫ وه‬.%6 ‫) ا‬D e‫ ودار‬- "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ ر@ل ا‬. 2%A )‫ وه‬.%6 ‫) ا‬D . 2%A !"#‫"! أ‬# "# a8‫ أ‬."@ ‫ا د وا‬
W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 W‫ ا‬B#  G # ‫ر‬V% ‫   ا‬JA c8m A ‫ري‬gB ‫ ا‬KJ^ )D RBQ 0‫ش و‬C ‫ إ ! ا‬.%6 ‫ ا‬.%VA‫ب أ‬0‫أ‬
."a ‫ وا‬."@ ‫ ا ا‬JA ‫ت‬n . < ‫ة ا‬T ‫ وا‬.A ‫ة ا‬# ‫ ا‬e-‫ رب ه‬5" ‫اء ا‬% ‫ ا‬I
8 = ‫ل‬0 A " : "@‫ و‬L"# W‫^"! ا‬
. "# # (C‫ آ‬o8= A "
A KJ^ )D " On o8= " " .A ‫م ا‬8 .#` ‫ ا‬L R"= [‫ إ‬L#‫ي و‬- ‫ دا ا‬JA AA LC‫وا‬ 
Q ‫ل‬8 A ;A ‫ ا‬D ‫ذن‬E ‫ ا‬C @ ‫ " إذا‬: ‫ل‬8 - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- )B% ‫ ا‬I @ W‫ ا‬B# # BG   = ‫ ا‬B# #
‫د‬B# A BC [‫) إ‬/B% [ .%6 ‫) ا‬D . 2%A 5fD ."@ ‫ @"ا ) ا‬Q ‫`ا‬# L"# W‫ة ^"! ا‬T^ )"# !"^ A LfD )"# ‫^"ا‬
‫ ا زاق‬B# %Q= :  =‫م أ‬AU‫ل ا‬0 " On o8= " " .#` ‫ ا‬L"# R"= ."@ ‫  @?ل ) ا‬D ‫ أن أآن أ ه‬G‫ وأر‬W‫ا‬
) ‫
"ا‬D )"# "^ ‫ " إذا‬: ‫ل‬0 - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ة أن ر@ل ا‬8‫ أ) ه‬# (C‫ آ‬# o # ‫ @ن‬BO‫أ‬
" ‫ أن أآن أ ه‬G‫; وا= وأر‬G‫ إ[ ر‬5 %8 [ .%6 ‫) ا‬D .G‫"! در‬#‫ " أ‬: ‫ل‬0 ‫ ؟‬."@ ‫ ا‬A‫ و‬W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : ;0 "."@ ‫ا‬
: ‫ل‬0 Q L ‫ة‬8‫) أ ه‬%Q= ‫ل‬0 (C‫ آ‬# "@ )‫  أ‬o # ‫ @ن ا ري‬# ^# )‫ أ‬# ‫ار‬% # ‫ي‬-A ‫ ا‬e‫وروا‬
- L%# W‫) ا‬d‫ ر‬- ‫ة‬8‫ أ) ه‬# " On o8= " . "@ )‫  أ‬o r L%# ‫ف أ=ا روى‬C [ ‫وف‬C  { (C‫( وآ‬8r
‫ب‬5X ‫ ا‬%Q= K ^   J ‫ ا‬B# %Q= ‫ي‬-A ‫    ا‬JA %Q= I0  )0B ‫ ا‬B# %Q= L8‫دو‬A  V ‫ أ‬: ‫ل‬0
‫ أو‬e ?
D ."@ ‫ ) ا‬W‫ و@"ا ا‬VT^ )"# ‫ " ^"ا‬: ‫ل‬0 LCD‫ة ر‬8‫ أ) ه‬# (C‫   آ‬JA # !"C ‫ ا‬# o # 
@ ‫ أ ا‬vDJ ‫ل ا‬0 " On o8= " ." ‫ أن أآن أ‬G‫; وا= وأر‬G‫ إ[ ر‬5 %8 { .%6 ‫) ا‬D .G‫ در‬."@ ‫ه أن ا‬BO‫أ‬ 
 JA # (<‫ ا أ) ذ‬# #‫@!  أ‬A %Q= )‫ا‬J ‫ ا‬Z" ‫ ا‬B#    ‫ ا‬%Q= ‫ر‬M‫") ا‬#   =‫ أ‬BO‫ أ‬: )‫ا‬Bh ‫ا‬
)D B# ) 5 ?
8  LM ."@ ‫ ) ا‬W‫" @"ا ا‬: - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# ‫ء‬h#  ‫ و‬#
e‫ روا‬0‫ل و‬0 ‫ا‬-‫ آ‬#‫@!  أ‬A [‫ ا أ) ذ<( إ‬# e‫و‬8  : )‫ا‬Bh ‫ل ا‬0 Q ".A ‫م ا‬8 CX ‫ا أو‬5X L R%‫ا  إ[ آ‬
‫ و‬#   JA # ‫ة‬B#  !@A %Q= !@A W‫ ا‬B# %Q= ‫ أ=   =زم‬%Q= =‫")  د‬#   JA %Q= L8‫دو‬A ‫ا‬ 
‫ أ‬I @ L‫@!  وردان أ‬A # .82r  ‫ رة‬# # L8‫د‬%@f L8‫دو‬A ‫ " روى ا‬On o8= " .eJ e‫د‬%@f ‫آ‬-D ‫ء‬h# 
‫ أن‬W‫
"ا ا‬D .G‫ در‬50D { W‫ ا‬%# .G‫ در‬."@ ‫ " إن ا‬: - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 ‫ل‬8 ‫ري‬g ‫ ا‬C@
)‫ أ‬# Z8X %Q= J   J ‫ ا‬B# # 8m A a8‫ أ‬L8‫دو‬A ‫ " روى ا‬On o8= " . L"O !"# ."@ ‫) ا‬%E8
) ‫
"ا‬D W‫ذا @?  ا‬fD ."@ ‫! ا‬# .G‫ در‬.%6 ‫) ا‬D " : ‫ل‬0 - "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬- )B% ‫ ا‬# )"# # ‫رث‬J ‫ ا‬# ‫ق‬J@‫إ‬
LG ‫ا ا‬-‫ ه‬A V%A (8r o8= ‫ا‬-‫ 
" ه‬J ‫ 
وا‬J ‫ وا‬. mD‫") و‬# : ‫ل‬0 ZCA V
8 A W‫ ر@ل ا‬8 : ‫ ا‬0 ."@ ‫ا‬ 

J ‫")  ا‬# # ]8m  C@ %Q= ‫ أ زه‬%Q= )VX ‫ 
ا‬J ‫ ا‬%Q= 
J ‫")  ا‬# %Q= = )‫ ا أ‬: ‫ل‬0‫و‬ 
E E .%6 ‫) ا‬D ‫س إن‬% ‫ ا‬58‫ أ‬8 : .DV ‫ ا‬B%A !"# ‫دي‬%8 ( m )‫")  أ‬# RC @ : ‫ل‬0 ‫ن‬Q   @ ! A ‫زدي‬M‫ا‬
.Dr ] ‫ن أ‬CB@ ‫ء‬aB ‫ة ا‬E E" ‫ ا‬A ‫ د‬J ‫ش وا م ا‬C ‫ن ا‬%h ! ‫ إ‬5fD ‫ ا اء‬A‫ى ^اء أ‬OM‫ء وا‬a  ‫إ=اه‬
- "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬-  J ."@ ‫ ا‬5 @‫ق وا= وا‬# A 5V@‫ و‬5@‫ وأ‬5‫ وأا‬5Dr‫ل و‬A‫ أ‬.QTQ 5%A R ;‫آ‬
L"B@ )D ‫هوا‬G‫ " و‬L 0‫ و‬a8‫( أ‬8r Q‫ا أ‬-‫ وه‬.L ;‫ وأه‬- ‫م‬T
‫ ا‬L"# - ‫اه‬U )‫ ه‬Z ‫; ذ‬A 5D ‫ وا اء‬L ;‫وأه‬
c8h ‫ ا‬# G‫ر‬g ‫ر وا `آ ا‬V ‫ ا‬A ‫اء‬#M‫ه ل ا‬A‫ت أ‬#h ‫; ا‬CD‫رم و‬J ‫ه ك ا‬A‫ن "  أ‬J" V"C
142

. YC ‫دة ا‬C
‫ح وا‬T ‫ ا‬A : .A ‫م ا‬8 L"B@ )D 8‫ه‬6 " e#‫ي أ‬-  Z ‫) ذ‬D 5Br‫ ور‬8 ‫ ا‬8" ‫ا 
وا رآ‬ 
A ) ‫ ا‬5%‫ 
آ‬A .Bh ‫‘ه ا‬%A .%
J ‫ ا‬.%Ax‫ ا‬.CD ‫ ا‬. C ‫ف ا‬/ ‫) ا‬D ‫ول‬2 [‫ل و‬J [‫ و‬B [ ) ‫ ة ا  
ة ا‬g ‫ا‬
LBX !%8 [‫ و‬LQ !"B [ ‫ ت‬8 [ J8‫?س و‬8 [ C%8 5%V@.
Allah commands His faithful servants to fear Him in Taqwa, which if mentioned along with
acts of obedience, it means to refrain from the prohibitions and the prohibited matters. Allah
said next, 
َ."َِ@َ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ َ ‫ُ ْا ِإ‬/َ ْ ‫وَا‬
(seek the Wasilah to Him.) Sufyan Ath-Thawri said that Talhah said that `Ata' said that Ibn
`Abbas said that Wasilah means `the means of approach'. Mujahid, Abu Wa'il, Al-Hasan,
Qatadah, `Abdullah bin Kathir, As-Suddi, Ibn Zayd and others gave the same meaning for
Wasilah. Qatadah said that the Ayah means, "Seek the means of approach to Him by obeying
Him and performing the acts that please Him.'' 
.َ"ِ@َ ْ ‫ُ ا‬5ِ  َ‫ُنَ ِإ َ! ر‬/َ ْB8َ ‫ن‬
َ ُ#ْ8َ 
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬Zِ ‫( أُو َـ‬Those whom they call upon seek a means of access to
their Lord (Allah).) 17:57 Wasilah is a means of approach to achieve something, and it is also
used to refer to the highest grade in Paradise, and it is the grade of the Messenger of Allah ,
his residence and the nearest grade in Paradise to Allah's Throne. Al-Bukhari recorded that
Jabir bin `Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«‫ ُدًا‬J
ْ Aَ ًAَAَ Lُ ْ َCْ ‫ وَا‬،َ.َ"ِaَ ْ ‫ وَا‬.َ "َِ@َ ْ ‫  ًا ا‬J
َ Aُ ‫ت‬
ِ n ،ِ. َ <ِ َ ْ ‫"َ ِة ا‬
 ‫ وَا‬،ِ.A  ‫ْ َ ِة ا‬# ‫ِ ا‬e-ِ ‫ب ه‬
 َ‫  ر‬5ُ " ‫ ا‬:‫َا َء‬% ‫ ا‬Iُ َ

ْ َ8 
َ ِ= ‫َ َل‬0 ْAَ
.َAَِ ْ ‫ْ َم ا‬8َ .ُ َ#َ`
 ‫ ا‬Lُ َ ْR"َ=  ‫ِإ‬،ُLَ َْ#‫ِي َو‬- ‫( »ا‬Whoever, after hearing to the Adhan says, "O Allah! Lord
of this perfect call and of the regular prayer which is going to be established! Grant
Muhammad the Wasilah and superiority and send him on the Day of Judgment to the
praiseworthy station which You have promised him," then intercession from me will be
permitted for him on the Day of Resurrection.) Muslim recorded that `Abdullah bin `Amr bin
Al-`As said that he heard the Prophet saying,
«،َ."َِ@َ ْ ‫@"ُا ِ )َ ا‬
َ  Qُ ،‫`ًْا‬#
َ Lِ ْ "ََ# W
ُ ‫^"! ا‬
َ ً‫^"َة‬
َ )
 َ"#
َ !"َ^ ْAَ Lُ  fَِD ،)َ"#
َ ‫^"‚ا‬
َ Qُ ،ُ‫ُل‬8َ َA ;َ ْAِ ‫َُ ُا‬D ‫ن‬
َ ‫ ذ‬Eَ ُ ْ ‫ْ ُ ُ ا‬C ِ @
َ ‫ِإذَا‬
.َ#َ`
 ‫ ا‬Lِ ْ َ"#
َ ْR"َ= .َ َ"ِ@َ ْ ‫) ا‬
َ ِ ‫ @ََ? َل‬
ْ َ Dَ ،َ‫ن َأَ ُه‬
َ ُ‫ُ َأنْ َأآ‬Gْ‫ َوَأر‬،ِW‫َدِ ا‬B#
ِ ْAِ ٍ Bْ Cَ ِ  ‫ِ) ِإ‬/Bَ %ْ َ َ .ِ % 6
َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D ٌ. َِ2%ْ Aَ َ5fِDَ »
(When you hear the Mu'adhdhin, repeat what he says, and then ask for Salah (blessing, mercy
from Allah) for me. Verily, whoever asks for Salah for me, then Allah will grant ten Salah to
him. Then, ask for the Wasilah for me, for it is a grade in Paradise that only one servant of
Allah deserves, and I hope that I am that servant. Verily, whoever asks (Allah) for Wasilah for
me, he will earn the right of my intercession.) Allah said, 
‫ُن‬Jِ"ْ ُ ُْV"Cَ َ Lِ "ِِB@
َ !ِD ْ‫ُوا‬5ِ ‫َـ‬G‫(  َو‬and strive hard in His cause as much as you can. So that you may
be successful.) After Allah commanded Muslims to avoid the prohibitions and to work
towards obedience, He commanded them to fight against their enemies, the disbelievers and
idolators who have deviated from the straight path and abandoned the correct religion. Allah
encouraged the believers by reminding them of the unending success and great happiness that
He prepared for them for the Day of Resurrection, which will never change or decrease for
those who join Jihad in His cause. They will remain in the lofty rooms of Paradise that are
safe and beautiful. Those who live in these dwellings will always be comfortable and will never
be miserable, living, never dying, and their clothes will never grow thin, nor will their youth
ever end

143

24. QS A L - M A A I D A H 5:119
Zِ َ‫ ذ‬Lُ %ْ #
َ ‫ُا‬d‫ْ َو َر‬5ُ %ْ #
َ ُL" ‫) ا‬
َd
ِ َ‫َ َأ ًَا ر‬5ِD َ8ِ َِO ‫َ ُر‬5ْ ?َْ ‫َ ا‬5ِ J
ْ َ ْAِ ‫ِي‬6
ْ َ ٌ‫ت‬%G
َ ْ5ُ َ ْ5ُ ُ0ْ^
ِ َِ0ِ‫ ا د‬Iُ َ%ْ 8َ ‫ْ ُم‬8َ ‫َا‬-‫ َه‬Lُ " ‫َ َل ا‬0 
ِYCَ ْ ‫ا ْ َْ ُز ا‬
5:119. Allah berfirman: "Ini adalah suatu hari yang bermanfaat bagi orang-orang yang benar kebenaran
mereka. Bagi mereka surga yang dibawahnya mengalir sungai-sungai; mereka kekal di dalamnya selamalamanya; Allah rida terhadap mereka dan mereka pun rida terhadap-Nya. Itulah keberuntungan yang
paling besar".
(119. Allah will say: "This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: Theirs are Gardens
under which rivers flow (in Paradise) -- they shall abide therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they
with Him. That is the great success.) 

‫ 
ا آ‬
Zِ َ‫ ذ‬Lُ %ْ #
َ ‫ُا‬d‫ْ َو َر‬5ُ %ْ #
َ ُL" ‫) ا‬
َd
ِ َ‫َ َأ ًَا ر‬5ِD َ8ِ َِO ‫َ ُر‬5ْ ?َْ ‫َ ا‬5ِ J
ْ َ ْAِ ‫ِي‬6
ْ َ ٌ‫ت‬%G
َ ْ5ُ َ ْ5ُ ُ0ْ^
ِ َِ0ِ‫ ا د‬Iُ َ%ْ 8َ ‫ْ ُم‬8َ ‫َا‬-‫ َه‬Lُ " ‫َ َل ا‬0 
ِYCَ ْ ‫ا ْ َْ ُز ا‬
W‫"! ا‬# ‫ذ‬V ‫ ا‬8J" ‫رى ا‬% ‫ ا‬A ‫ي‬B ‫ ا‬A L ‫ إ‬e5‫  أ‬D ‫م‬T
‫ ا‬L"# 8A ‫
! ا‬# L @‫ ور‬eBC B6A ! C ‫ل‬8 
# ‫ك‬Ja ‫ل ا‬0 "50^ 0‫ ا د‬I%8 ‫م‬8 ‫ا‬-‫ ! " ه‬C ‫ل‬8 Z ‫ ذ‬%CD ;G‫ و‬2# L‫ إ ! ر‬5D . ` ‫ رد ا‬A‫ و‬L @‫"! ر‬#‫و‬
[ 5D ‫آ‬A ‫ أا " أي‬5D 8 O ‫ر‬5M‫ ا‬5J A ‫ي‬6 ‫ت‬%G 5 " ‫ =ه‬8= ‫ ا‬I%8 ‫م‬8 ‫ل‬8 : ‫س‬B# ‫ا‬ 
A .8x‫ ا‬Z" c"C8 A )?@‫ " و‬B‫ أآ‬W‫ ا‬A ‫ان‬d‫ ! " ور‬C ‫ل‬0  ‫ " آ‬L%# ‫ا‬d‫ ور‬5%# W‫) ا‬d‫و ن" ر‬28 [‫ ن و‬J8 
‫) ا‬%C8 ‫ ن‬# # o # )‫ر‬J ‫ ا‬%Q= ŒXM‫ ا‬C@ ‫ أ‬%Q= : ‫ل‬D {‫ أ‬# 8= %5‫ وروى ا أ) = ه‬o8J ‫ا‬
)"@ ‫ل‬D L TG ;G ‫ ا ب‬5 !"68 Q " "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل ر@ل ا‬0 : ‫ل‬0 #DA {‫ أ‬# ‫ن‬Y ‫ ا‬BO‫  أ‬# 
‫ه‬5`D ‫ل‬0 d ‫ ا‬L ? 
D Vh#‫
") أ‬D )A‫ آا‬V ‫ داري وأ أ‬V"=‫ي أ‬d‫ل ر‬D d ‫ ا‬L ? 
D ‫ل‬0 Vh#‫@") أ‬
‫ا‬-‫ ! " ; ه‬C ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬L%A Y#‫ي [ أ‬- ‫ ا‬BV ‫ا ا ز ا‬-‫ " أي ه‬YC ‫ ا ز ا‬Z ‫ ذ‬L 0‫ ! " و‬C‫ و‬LJB@ 5%# )d‫ ر‬0 L‫أ‬
‫ 
ن‬D% ‫{ ا‬D%"D Z ‫) ذ‬D‫ل " و‬0  ‫"ن" وآ‬AC ‫ ; ا‬C"D ".
Allah answers His servant and Messenger `Isa, son of Maryam, after he disowns the disbelieving
Christians who lied about Allah and His Messenger, and when `Isa refers their end to the will of his
Lord, 

ُ5ُ0ْ^
ِ َِ0ِ ‫ ا ـ‬Iُ َ%َ8 ‫َْ ُم‬8 ‫َا‬-‫( هَـ‬This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth.) AdDahhak said that Ibn `Abbas commented, "This is the Day when Tawhid will benefit those
who believed in it.'' 
‫َ€ َأَا‬5ِD َ8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O ُ ‫َـ‬5ْ [” ‫َ ا‬5ِ J
ْ َ ِA ‫ِى‬6
ْ َ ٌR‫ـ‬%G
َ ْ5ُ َ (Theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in
Paradise) -- they shall abide therein forever.) and they will never be removed from it, 
Lْ%#
َ ْ‫ُا‬d‫ْ وَ َر‬5ُ %ْ #
َ Lُ " ‫! ا‬
َ ِd‫(  ر‬Allah is pleased with them and they with Him.) 
َB‫ِ َأ ْآ‬L" ‫ َ ا‬A ٌ‫ َن‬d
ْ ‫(  َو ِر‬But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure of Allah.) 9:72 We will mention the
Hadiths about this Ayah 9:72 later on. Allah's statement, 

ِYَC ْ ‫َ ا ْ َْزُ ا‬Z ِ‫( ذ‬That is the great success.) means, this is the great success, other than which there is no
greater success. Allah said in another Ayat, 
‫َـ ِ"ُن‬Cْ ‫ َ ِ; ا‬Cْ َ ْ"Dَ ‫َا‬-‫(  ِ ِ ْ ِ; هَـ‬For the like of this let the workers work.) 37:61, and, ‫َـ ِ
ُن‬%َ ُ ْ ‫{ ا‬
ِ Dَ َ%َ َ ْ"Dَ Z
َ َِ‫ِ! ذ‬D‫(  َو‬And for
this let (all) those strive who want to strive.) 83:26

144

25. QS A L - M A A I D A H 5:54-56 
8ِِ‫َـ‬V ْ ‫َ"َ! ا‬# ‫ ٍة‬2#
ِ ‫َِ َأ‬%Aِ ْE ُ ْ ‫َ"َ! ا‬# .ٍ ‫ َأ ِذ‬Lُ َ ‚BJ
ِ 8ُ ‫ْ َو‬5ُ B‚ J
ِ 8ُ ‫ َِْ ٍم‬Lُ " ‫ ْ?ِ! ا‬8َ ‫ف‬
َ ْ

َ Dَ Lِ %ِ 8ِ‫َ د‬# ْVُ %ِA  َ ْ8َ َA ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8?َ8 
ِ"#
َ ٌI@
ِ ‫ َو‬Lُ " ‫`َ€ ُء وَا‬8َ َA Lِ ِْE8ُ ِL" ‫ ُ; ا‬a
ْ Dَ َZ ِ‫ [ ِ< ٍ ذ‬.َ Aَ َْ ‫ن‬
َ ُ‫َـ‬g8َ [َ َ‫ و‬Lِ " ‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ !ِD َ‫ُون‬5ِ ‫َـ‬68ُ
- ‫ُن‬C‫آَ َة وَ ُهْ رَا ِآ‬2 ‫ن ا‬
َ ُْE8ُ ‫ن ا "ةَ َو‬
َ ُ ِ8ُ َ8ِ- ‫ُاْ ا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ وَا‬Lُ ُُ@‫ َو َر‬Lُ " ‫ُ ا‬Vُ ‚ ِ ‫ِإ  َ َو‬
- ‫ُن‬Bِ"‫َـ‬/ ْ ‫ ُه ُ ا‬Lِ " ‫ب ا‬
َ ْ2=
ِ ‫ن‬
 fَِD ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ وَا‬Lُ َُ@‫ َو َر‬Lَ " ‫َ َ َل ا‬8 َA‫ َو‬
5:54. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, barang siapa di antara kamu yang murtad dari
agamanya, maka kelak Allah akan mendatangkan suatu kaum yang Allah mencintai mereka
dan mereka pun mencintai-Nya, yang bersikap lemah lembut terhadap orang yang mukmin,
yang bersikap keras terhadap orang-orang kafir, yang berjihad di jalan Allah, dan yang tidak
takut kepada celaan orang yang suka mencela. Itulah karunia Allah, diberikan-Nya kepada
siapa yang dikehendaki-Nya, dan Allah Maha Luas (pemberian-Nya) lagi Maha Mengetahui.
5:55. Sesungguhnya penolong kamu hanyalah Allah, Rasul-Nya, dan orang-orang yang
beriman, yang mendirikan salat dan menunaikan zakat, seraya mereka tunduk (kepada
Allah).
5:56. Dan barang siapa mengambil Allah, Rasul-Nya dan orang-orang yang beriman menjadi
penolongnya, maka sesungguhnya pengikut (agama) Allah itulah yang pasti menang.
(54. O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islam), Allah
will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers,
stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the way of Allah, and never fearing the blame of the
blamers. That is the grace of Allah which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allah is AllSufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower.)
(55. Verily, your Protector is Allah, His Messenger, and the believers, those who perform the
Salah, and give Zakah, and they bow down.)
(56. And whosoever takes Allah, His Messenger, and those who have believed, as protectors,
then the party of Allah will be the victorious.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬ 
8ِDِ َV ْ ‫َ"َ! ا‬# ‫ ٍة‬2#
ِ ‫َِ َأ‬%ِAْE ُ ْ ‫"َ! ا‬#
َ .ٍ ‫ َأ ِذ‬Lُ َ ‚BJ
ِ 8ُ ‫ْ َو‬5ُ B‚ J
ِ 8ُ ٍ‫ ِ َْم‬Lُ " ‫َ ْ?ِ) ا‬8 ‫ف‬
َ َْ
Dَ Lِ %ِ 8ِ‫ْ د‬#
َ ْVُ ْ%Aِ  َ َْ8 ْAَ ‫ُا‬%َAn 
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ‫َ َأ‬8
Iِ@‫ وَا‬Lُ " ‫`َ ُء وَا‬8َ ْAَ Lِ ِْE8ُ ِL" ‫ْ ُ; ا‬aDَ Z
َ َِ‫ َ ِ< ٍ ذ‬.َ Aَ َْ ‫ن‬
َ ُDَg8َ َ ‫ِ َو‬L" ‫ِ;ِ ا‬B@
َ )ِD َ‫َ ِهُون‬6ُ8 
X‫ وأ‬L%A 5 ‫ا‬O ‫ ه‬A L ‫ل‬B
8 W‫ن ا‬fD LC8X .A0‫ وإ‬L%8‫ ة د‬# !  A ‫ أن‬. YC ‫ ا‬L‫ر‬0 # ‫ا‬BgA ! C ‫ل‬8
‫?ت‬8‫ و‬VB‫ه‬-8 ?`8 ‫ ! " إن‬C ‫ل‬0‫ " و‬V A‫ا أ‬V8 [ Q ‫آ‬r A0 ‫ل‬B
8 ‫ ! " وإن  ا‬C ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬TB@ ‫م‬0‫ وأ‬.C%A
‫ " أي‬L%8‫ د‬# V%A 8 A ‫ا‬%An 8- ‫ ا‬58‫ أ‬8 " %5‫ ! ه‬C ‫ل‬0‫( و‬C^ [‫ و‬I%  ‫ " أي‬282C W‫"! ا‬# Z ‫ ذ‬A‫ و‬8G c"g 
V )‫م أ‬8‫) أه; ا دة أ‬D R 2 ‫ي‬B ‫ 
ا‬J ‫ل ا‬0‫ و‬w80 A ‫) ا [ة‬D R 2 (C‫   آ‬JA ‫ل‬0 ;mB ‫ إ ! ا‬cJ ‫ ا‬# IG8
.BX )‫  أ‬V ‫ل أ‬0‫ ا أ) = و‬e‫ روا‬LJ^‫ وأ‬V ‫ أ‬W‫ 
ه وا‬J ‫ل ا‬0 "LBJ8‫ و‬5BJ8 ‫ م‬W‫?) ا‬8 ‫ 
ف‬D " 
# "@ )‫  أ‬o ‫ل‬0‫ و‬.@‫ " ه أه; ا د‬LBJ8‫ و‬5BJ8 ‫ م‬W‫?) ا‬8 ‫ 
ف‬D " L 0 )D : ‫ل‬8 ‫ش‬#  V ‫ أ‬RC @ 
#  @ # ‫ و‬#   JA # K"GM‫  ا‬W‫ ا‬B# %Q= ŒXM‫ ا‬C@ ‫ ا‬%Q= : = )‫ل ا أ‬0‫? و‬B@ A ‫م‬0 ‫ه ه‬6A
. ‫ن‬V
‫ ا‬A ‫ة‬%‫ آ‬A Q   ‫ أه; ا‬A ‫ل س‬0 " LBJ8‫ و‬5BJ8 ‫ م‬W‫?) ا‬8 ‫ 
ف‬D " L 0 ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# BG  C@ 
B#  G # ‫ر‬V% ‫   ا‬JA # )"J ‫د ا‬8‫ أ) ز‬# ‡= ‫) ا‬%C8 .8‫و‬CA %Q= ! ‫   ا‬JA %Q= )‫ أ‬%Q=‫و‬ 
Q   ‫ أه; ا‬A ‫م‬0 ‫[ء‬E‫ل ه‬0 "LBJ8‫ و‬5BJ8 ‫ م‬W‫?) ا‬8 ‫ 
ف‬D " L 0 # "@‫ و‬L"# W‫ ^"! ا‬W‫ل @ ; ر@ل ا‬0 W‫ا‬ 
‫) ا‬%C8   ‫ ا‬B# %Q= .BX   # %Q= = !‫ل ا أ‬0‫ا و‬G (8r o8= ‫ا‬-‫( وه‬6 A Q ‫ن‬V
‫ ا‬A Q ‫ة‬%‫ آ‬A 
5BJ8 ‫ م‬W‫?) ا‬8 ‫ 
ف‬D "R 2  ‫ل‬0 ‫ي‬CXM‫@! ا‬A )‫ أ‬# ‫ث‬J8 d# RC @ ‫ @ ك‬# .BCX %Q= ‫ ا ارث‬B#
145

‫و‪0 " LBJ8‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ " :‬ه ‪0‬م ه‪-‬ا" وروا‪ e‬ا ‪ eJ% .BCX o8= A 8G‬و‪ "! C L 0‬أذ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ !"#‬ا ‪ %AE‬أ‪2#‬ة ‪ !"#‬ا ‪ " 8DV‬ه‪^ e-‬ت ا ‪ %AE‬ا ‪ ; V‬أن ‪V8‬ن أ=ه ‪A‬ا‪ LOM Cd‬وو ‪2CA L‬زا ‪L O !"#‬‬
‫و‪#‬و‪ e‬آ  ‪0‬ل ‪  JA " ! C‬ر@ل ا‪ W‬وا ‪ LCA 8-‬أ‪X‬اء ‪ !"#‬ا ‪V‬ر ر= ء ‪ " 5%‬و‪ .^ )D‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ - W‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪ -‬أ‪ L‬ا ‪Ja‬ك ا ل ‪Jd 5D‬ك ‪M‬و <‪0 L‬ل ‪#M‬ا<‪ L‬و‪ 2# " L 0‬و‪68 ;G‬هون ‪ ;B@ )D‬ا‪ W‬و[ ‪Dg8‬ن ‪" <[ .A‬‬
‫أي [ ‪8‬ده ‪  #‬ه ‪ .#m A LD‬ا‪ W‬وإ‪ .A0‬ا ‪J‬ود و‪0‬ل أ‪#‬ا<‪ L‬وا‪C  AM‬وف وا ‪ # )5%‬ا ‪8 [ V%‬ده ‪ #‬ذ ‪ Z‬راد‬
‫و[ ‪8‬ه ‪^ L%#‬د و[ ‪ 5D ZJ8‬م [< و[ ‪-#‬ل ‪#‬ذل ‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  =‪# %Q‬ن =‪T@ %Q‬م أ ا ‪-%‬ر ‪  JA #‬‬
‫وا@‪ B# # I‬ا‪  W‬ا ‪ # RA‬أ) ذر ‪0‬ل أ‪ !"^ - )""O )A‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ : IB 
-‬أ‪ (J )A‬ا 
آ وا  ‪5%A‬‬
‫وأ‪ )A‬أن أ‪ Y‬إ ! ‪ A‬ه دو) و[ أ‪ Y‬إ ! ‪ A‬ه ‪ )0D‬وأ‪ )A‬أن أ^; ا = وإن أدت وأ‪ )A‬أن [ أ@?ل أ=ا ‪ X‬‬
‫وأ‪ )A‬أن أ‪0‬ل ا ‪ cJ‬وإن آن ‪A‬ا وأ‪ )A‬أن [ أ‪O‬ف ‪ )D‬ا‪ <[ .A W‬وأ‪ )A‬أن أآ ‪0 A‬ل [ =ل و[ ‪0‬ة إ[ ‪5fD W‬‬
‫‪ A‬آ‪ RJ 2%‬ا ‪C‬ش و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ=  أ‪ %Q= a8‬أ ا ‪/‬ة =‪^ %Q‬ان ‪ #‬أ) ا ‪ !%‬أن أ ذر ‪ -‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪0 - L%# W‬ل‬
‫‪ )%C8‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ - W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪ 
O -‬ووا‪ CB@ )%Q‬وأ‪ 5X‬ا‪ CB@ )"# W‬أ) [ أ‪O‬ف ‪ )D‬ا‪0 <[ .A W‬ل أ ذر‬
‫‪ )#D‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ - W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪D -‬ل ه; ‪ Z‬إ ! ‪ .C‬و ‪ Z‬ا ‪ C R"0 .%6‬و
‪8 Rh‬ي ‪D‬ل ا ‪ !"^ - )B%‬ا‪L"# W‬‬
‫و@" ‪ -‬وه ‪`8‬ط ‪ )"#‬أن [ 
?ل ا ‪%‬س ‪0 C R"0  X‬ل و[ @‪ Zm‬وإن @ ‪2% )%C8 Z%A‬ل إ ‪ e-O?D L‬و‪0‬ل ا‪AU‬م أ= ‬
‫أ‪   JA %Q= a8‬ا ‪ # CG %Q= 
J‬ا ‪ !"C‬ا دو@) ‪ #‬ا ‪ # 
J‬أ) @‪ C‬ا ‪g‬ري ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ W‬ا‪W‬‬
‫‪ L"# ! C‬و‪ L n‬و@" ‪ -‬أ[ [ ‪ C% 8‬أ=آ ره‪ .B‬ا ‪%‬س أن ‪8‬ل ‪ cJ‬إذا ر‪ en‬أو ‪8 [ LfD e5X‬ب ‪ A‬أ‪ ;G‬و[ ‪ A #B8‬رزق‬
‫أن ‪8‬ل ‪ cJ‬أو أن ‪-8‬آ ‪ " YC‬د ‪ "L‬أ=  و‪0‬ل أ=  =‪ B# %Q‬ا زاق أ @ن ‪ #‬ز ‪ # #‬و  ‪A‬ة ‪ #‬أ)‬
‫ا ‪gB‬ي ‪ #‬أ) @‪ C‬ا ‪g‬ري ‪0‬ل ‪0 :‬ل ر@ل ا‪ !"^ - W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪J8 [ -‬ن أ=آ 
‪ L‬أن ‪8‬ى أ‪A‬ا ‪A LD W‬ل ‪TD‬‬
‫‪8‬ل ‪D LD‬ل ‪8 L‬م ا ‪ ZC%A A : .A‬أن ‪V‬ن ‪ )D R"0‬آ‪-‬ا وآ‪-‬ا ؟ ‪D‬ل ‪ .DgA‬ا ‪%‬س ‪D‬ل إ‪8‬ي أ=‪ c‬أن ‪g‬ف ‪ .‬وروا‪ e‬ا‬
‫‪ o8= A LGA‬ا‪ # # w #M‬و  ‪A‬ة ‪ L‬وروى أ=  وا ‪ B# o8= A LGA‬ا‪ B#  W‬ا =  أ) ‪m‬ا ‪5 # .‬ر‬
‫ ‪ B#‬ا‪ W‬ا ‪BC‬ي ا ) ‪ #‬أ) @‪ C‬ا ‪g‬ري ‪ #‬ا ‪ !"^ - )B%‬ا‪ L"# W‬و@" ‪0 -‬ل " ‪ :‬إن ا‪? 
W‬ل ا ‪8 BC‬م ا ‪!= .A‬‬
‫إ‪8 L ? 
L‬ل ‪ L‬أي ‪B#‬ي أرأ‪V%A R8‬ا ‪ eV% "D‬؟ ‪fD‬ذا  ا‪B# W‬ا =‪0 L6‬ل أي رب و‪ Z RQ‬و‪ RO‬ا ‪%‬س " و‪)D RBQ‬‬
‫ا ‪ AE " )/B%8 A KJ‬أن ‪-8‬ل 
‪ 0 L‬ا وآ] ‪-8‬ل 
‪ 8 L‬ر@ل ا‪0 W‬ل ‪ A ; J8 " :‬ا ‪TB‬ء ‪ " " ch8 [ A‬ذ ‪;aD Z‬‬
‫ا‪`8 A LE8 W‬ء " أي ‪ A‬ا] ‪ e-5‬ا ت ‪  fD‬ه ‪ ;aD A‬ا‪ L"# W‬و‪ " L LD‬وا‪ W‬وا@‪ " "# I‬أي وا@‪I‬‬
‫‪ .‬ا ‪ cJ
8   "# ;a‬ذ ‪ LAJ8  A Z‬إ‪e8‬‬
‫ن ا ‪2‬آَةَ َو ُه ْ رَا ِآ‪ُC‬نَ‬
‫"َ َة وَ ُ‪َ ُْE8‬‬
‫ن ا ‬
‫ ‪َ ُ ُِ8‬‬
‫ ‪ُ%Aَ n‬ا ا ‪َ 8ِ-‬‬
‫ِإ  َ وَِ ‚ ُ‪ ُ V‬ا " ُ‪َ L‬ورَ@ُُ ‪ ُL‬وَا ‪َ 8ِ-‬‬
‫‪ " ! C L 0‬إ  و ‪ V‬ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪ L‬وا ‪%An 8-‬ا" أي { ا ‪5‬د ?و <‪ ; V‬و[‪ V8‬را‪ .CG‬إ ! ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪ L‬وا ‪%AE‬‬
‫و‪ " L 0‬ا ‪ 8 8-‬ن ا ‪T‬ة و‪E8‬ن ا ‪2‬آة " أي ا ‪%AE‬ن ا ن ‪ e-5‬ا ت ‪ A‬إ‪0‬م ا ‪T‬ة ا ) ه) أآ‪ B‬أرآن‬
‫ا‪T@U‬م وه) ‪B#‬دة ا‪ W‬و=‪ L Z8X [ e‬وإ‪8‬ء ا ‪2‬آة ا ) ه) =‪ c‬ا ‪ 0"g‬و‪#
A‬ة " ‪ A GJ‬ا ‪Ca‬ء وا 
آ‬
‫وأ‪ " L 0 A‬وه راآ‪C‬ن" ‪ D‬ه ‪ ‰C‬ا ‪%‬س أن ه‪ e-‬ا ‪ IdA )D ." 6‬ا ‪J‬ل ‪ " L 0 A‬و‪E8‬ن ا ‪2‬آة " أي ‪= )D‬ل‬
‫رآ‪ 5#‬و  آن ه‪-‬ا آ‪V Z -‬ن د‪ ID‬ا ‪2‬آة ‪= )D‬ل ا آع أ‪ A LM er A ;aD‬وح و { ا‪ AM‬آ‪ %# Z -‬أ= ‪ A‬ا ‪ "C‬ء‬
‫‪ A L "C  A‬أ< ‪ .‬ا ى و=! إن ‪ 5aC‬ذآ ‪ )D‬ه‪-‬ا أ‪Q‬ا ‪  )"# #‬أ) ‪ ( m‬أن ه‪ e-‬ا‪ LD R 2 .8x‬وذ ‪ Z‬أ‪L A L‬‬
‫@<; ‪= )D‬ل رآ‪ L O eh#?D L#‬و‪0‬ل ا أ) = =‪ %Q‬ا ‪ "@  I‬ن ا ادي =‪ %Q‬أ‪8‬ب  @‪  .B# # 8‬أ)‬
‫=‪ " L 0 )D V‬إ  و ‪ V‬ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪ L‬وا ‪%An 8-‬ا " ‪0‬ل ه ا ‪%AE‬ن و‪  )"#‬أ) ‪ . ( m‬و=‪ %Q‬أ @‪ C‬ا‪%Q= ŒXM‬‬
‫ا ‪  ;a‬دآ أ ‪ C‬ا‪=M‬ل =‪ {0  !@A %Q‬ا ‪  . "@ # )AaJ‬آ‪0 ;5‬ل ق ‪ L g )"#‬وه راآ‪" R 2%D I‬‬
‫إ  و ‪ V‬ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪ L‬وا ‪%An 8-‬ا ا ‪ 8 8-‬ن ا ‪T‬ة و‪E8‬ن ا ‪2‬آة وه راآ‪C‬ن " و‪0‬ل ا ‪ )%Q= 8G‬ا ‪J‬رث =‪%Q‬‬
‫‪ B#‬ا ‪ B#  ( r %Q= 282C‬ا‪6A RC @ W‬ها ‪8‬ل ‪ " L 0 )D‬إ  و ‪ V‬ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪ "L‬ا‪  )"# )D R 2 .8x‬أ) ‪( m‬‬
‫ق وه راآ‪ .I‬و‪0‬ل ‪ B#‬ا زاق =‪ B# %Q‬ا هب  ‪6A‬ه ‪ #‬أ‪ # L‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪ " L 0 )D‬إ  و ‪ V‬ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪" L‬‬
‫ا‪  )"# )D R 2 .8x‬أ) ‪ B# ( m‬ا هب  ‪6A‬ه [ ‪ . L ŒJ8‬وروا‪ e‬ا ‪A‬دو‪@ c8m # L8‬ن ا ري ‪ #‬أ)‬
‫@‪%‬ن ‪ #‬ا ‪Ja‬ك ‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل آن ‪  )"#‬أ) ‪ ;<@  D )"8  <0 ( m‬وه راآ‪ " R 2%D L O eh#?D I‬إ ‬
‫و ‪ V‬ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪ " L‬ا‪ . .8x‬ا ‪Ja‬ك  ‪ c"8‬ا ‪B#‬س وروى ا ‪A‬دو‪ L8‬أ‪   JA c8m # a8‬ا 
<( ا ‪ )B"V‬وه ‪A‬وك‬
‫‪ #‬أ) ^ ‪ # K‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪0‬ل ‪O‬ج ر@ل ا‪ !"^ - W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و‪ L n‬و@" ‪ -‬إ ! ا
‪ 6‬وا ‪%‬س ‪"8‬ن  راآ‪ I‬و@‪G‬‬
‫و‪ <0‬و‪ #0‬وإذا ‪?
8 V
A‬ل ‪ ;OD‬ر@ل ا‪ !"^ - W‬ا‪ L"# W‬و‪ L n‬و@" ‪D -‬ل أ‪h#‬ك أ= ‪  X‬؟ ‪0‬ل ‪0 C‬ل ‪ A‬؟ ‪0‬ل ذ ‪Z‬‬
‫ا ‪ ;G‬ا < ‪0‬ل " ‪ " !"#‬أي =ل أ‪h#‬ك ؟ ‪0‬ل وه راآ‪0 I‬ل وذ ‪  )"# Z‬أ) ‪0 ( m‬ل ‪ BVD‬ر@ل ا‪ %# W‬ذ ‪ Z‬وه ‪8‬ل‬
‫‪8 " A‬ل ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪ L‬وا ‪%An 8-‬ا ‪fD‬ن =‪2‬ب ا‪ W‬ه ا ‪B /‬ن " وه‪-‬ا إ@‪%‬د [ ‪8‬ح ‪ Q L‬روا‪ e‬ا ‪A‬دو‪ )"# o8= A L8‬‬
‫أ) ‪ ( m‬ر‪ )d‬ا‪ L 
L%# W‬و‪ #‬ر  ‪ @8‬وأ) را‪ ID‬و { ‪)X K8‬ء ‪ ]Ca ."V  5%A‬أ@ه و‪ . 5G‬ر‪Q 5 G‬‬
‫روى ‪%@f‬د‪ A # e‬ن  ‪5A‬ان ‪ #‬ا ‪B#‬س ‪ " L 0 )D‬إ  و ‪ V‬ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪ )D R 2 " L‬ا ‪ %AE‬و‪  )"#‬أ) ‪( m‬‬
‫أو ‪ 5‬و‪0‬ل ا ‪ %Q= 8G‬ه‪%‬د =‪B# %Q‬ة ‪ B# #‬ا "‪ # Z‬أ) ‪0 CG‬ل @? ‪ # L‬ه‪ e-‬ا‪ " .8x‬إ  و ‪ V‬ا‪ W‬ور@ ‪L‬‬
‫وا ‪%An 8-‬ا ا ‪ 8 8-‬ن ا ‪T‬ة و‪E8‬ن ا ‪2‬آة وه راآ‪C‬ن" ‪ A %"0‬ا ‪%An 8-‬ا ؟ ‪0‬ل ا ‪%An 8-‬ا ‪ %/" %"0‬أ‪)D R 2 5‬‬
‫‪146‬‬

( m )‫")  أ‬# V ‫ و‬%AE ‫ ا‬I G )D .8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ه‬R 2 ‫ ا 
ي‬# ‫ط‬B@‫ل أ‬0‫ا و‬%An 8- ‫ ا‬A )"# ‫ل‬0 ( m )‫")  أ‬#
L @‫ ور‬W‫  ! ا‬D "@‫ أ‬# ‫س‬B# ‫ ا‬# )B ‫ ا ا‬.J"m )‫")  أ‬# ‫ل‬0‫ و‬L O eh#?D 6
‫) ا‬D I‫ @<; وه راآ‬L A
W‫) ا‬d‫ ر‬- RA ‫دة  ا‬B# )D R 2 5"‫ت آ‬8x‫ ا‬e-‫ ا ) أورده أن ه‬o8‫=د‬M‫) ا‬D ‫ م‬0‫ و‬8G ‫ ا‬e‫ا روا‬%An 8- ‫وا‬
L @‫ ور‬W‫ل ا‬8 A‫ " و‬L"‫ا آ‬-‫ ه‬C ! C ‫ل‬0 ‫ا‬-5 ‫ و‬%AE ‫ وا‬L @‫ ور‬W‫ ا‬.8[ )d‫د ور‬5 ‫ ="] ا‬A ‫أ‬B = - L%#
W ‫ن‬%AE8 A0 6 [ 282# ‫ي‬0 W‫ أ ور@") إن ا‬B"rM W‫ !" آ( ا‬C ‫ل‬0  ‫ن " آ‬B / ‫ ه ا‬W‫ب ا‬2= ‫ن‬fD ‫ا‬%An 8- ‫وا‬
‫ ن‬8U‫ ا‬5"0 )D (‫ آ‬Z ‫ أو‬5`# ‫ أو‬5‫ا‬O‫ءه أو إ‬%‫ءه أو أ‬n ‫ و  آا‬L @‫ ور‬W‫ =د ا‬A ‫ادون‬8 Ox‫وا م ا‬
‫ب‬2= ‫ أ[ إن‬W‫ب ا‬2= Z ‫ أو‬L%# ‫ا‬d‫ ور‬5%# W‫) ا‬d‫ ر‬5D 8 O ‫ر‬5M‫ ا‬5J A ‫ي‬6 ‫ت‬%G 5"O8‫ و‬L%A ‫ه وح‬8‫وأ‬
‫ن‬J" ‫ ه ا‬W‫ " ا‬.
َ‫ُن‬B َِ/ ْ ‫ ُه ُ ا‬Lِ " ‫ب ا‬
َ ْ2ِ= ‫ن‬
 fَِD ‫ُا‬%َAn 
َ 8ِ- ‫ وَا‬Lُ َُ@‫ َو َر‬Lَ " ‫َ َ َل ا‬8 ْAَ ‫َو‬ 
%AE ‫ وا‬L @‫ ور‬W‫ ا‬.8[ )d‫ ر‬A ;VD "‫ن‬B / ‫ ه ا‬W‫ب ا‬2= ‫ن‬fD ‫ا‬%An 8- ‫ وا‬L @‫ ور‬W‫ل ا‬8 A‫ ! " و‬C ‫ل‬8
‫ة‬Ox‫) ا  وا‬D ‫ر‬%A‫ة و‬Ox‫) ا  وا‬D K"A 5D .
Allah emphasizes His mighty ability and states that whoever reverts from supporting His
religion and establishing His Law, then Allah will replace them with whomever is better,
mightier and more righteous in Allah's religion and Law. Allah said in other Ayat, 
ْ‫ُُا‬V8َ [َ  Qُ ْ‫َ ْ َ ُآ‬r ًAْ0َ ْ‫ِْل‬Bَ

ْ 8َ ْ‫ ُء َوإِن َ َ َ ْا‬nََ ُ ْ ‫ا‬
(And if you turn away, He will exchange you for some other people and they will not be your
likes.) and, 
2ٍ 8ِ2Cَ ِ Lِ " ‫"َ! ا‬#
َ َZ َِ‫َ ذ‬A‫ َو‬- ٍ 8ِG
َ c
ٍ "ْ َgِ ‫ت‬
ِ ?ْ 8َ َ‫ْ و‬Vُ Bْ ‫ْ ِه‬-8ُ ْ?`
َ َ8 ‫ إِن‬cJْ ِ ‫ض‬
َ ْ‫ر‬Mَ ‫ت وَا‬
ِ َ ‫
َـ‬
 ‫َ ا‬c"َO
َ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫َأَ ْ َ َ َأ‬
(Do you not see that Allah has created the heavens and the earth with truth If He will, He can
remove you and bring (in your place) a new creation! And for Allah that is not hard or
difficult.)14:19-20. Verily this is not difficult or hard on Allah. Allah said here, 
ِL%ِ 8ِ‫َ د‬# ْVُ %ِA  َ ْ8َ َA ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ8
(O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion...) and turns back
from the truth to falsehood, from now until the commencement of the Last Hour. Allah said
next, 
َ8ِِ‫َـ‬V ْ ‫َ"َ! ا‬# ‫ ٍة‬2#
ِ ‫َِ َأ‬%Aِ ْE ُ ْ ‫َ"َ! ا‬# .ٍ ‫َأ ِذ‬
(humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers.) These are the qualities of
perfect believers, as they are humble with their believing brothers and allies, stern with their
enemies and adversaries. In another Ayah, Allah said, 
ْ5ُ %َ ْ َ ‫= َ€ ُء‬
َ ‫ُ ِر ُر‬V ْ ‫"َ! ا‬#
َ ‫ ُء‬nX
ِ ‫ َأ‬Lُ Cَ Aَ 
َ 8ِ- ‫ وَا‬Lِ " ‫  ٌ ر@ُ ُل ا‬J
َ A‚ 
(Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. And those who are with him are severe against
disbelievers, and merciful among themselves.) The Prophet is described as the smiling fighter,
smiling to his allies and fighting his enemies. Allah's statement, 
ٍ<ِ [ .َ Aَ َْ ‫ن‬
َ ُ‫َـ‬g8َ [َ ‫ َو‬Lِ " ‫ِ ِ; ا‬B@
َ !ِD َ‫ُون‬5ِ ‫َـ‬68ُ 
(Fighting in the way of Allah, and never fearing the blame of the blamers.) Nothing prevents
147

them from obeying Allah, establishing His Law, fighting His enemies, enjoining righteousness
and forbidding evil. Certainly, nothing prevents them from taking this path, neither someone
who seeks to hinder them, nor one who blames or chastises them. Imam Ahmad recorded that
Abu Dharr said, "My Khalil (intimate friend, the Messenger) has commanded me to do seven
deeds. He commanded me to love the poor and to be close to them. He commanded me to look
at those who are less than me and not those who are above me. He commanded me to keep the
relations of the womb, even if they cut it. He commanded me not to ask anyone for anything,
to say the truth even if it was bitter, and to not fear the blame of anyone for the sake of Allah.
He commanded me to often repeat, `La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah (There is no strength
or power except from Allah)', for these words are from a treasure under the Throne (of
Allah).'' It is confirmed in the Sahih;
«Lَ 
ْ َ ‫ل‬-ِ 8ُ ْ‫ َأن‬
ِ ِAEْ ُ "ْ ِ )ِ/Bَ %ْ َ8 َA»
(The believer is not required to humiliate himself.) He was asked; "How does one humiliate
himself, O Messenger of Allah'' So he replied;
«cِhُ8 َ َA ‫"َ ِء‬Bَ ْ ‫َ ا‬Aِ ;ُ  J
َ َ 8َ »
(He takes on tests that he cannot bear.) 
ُ‫`َ€ء‬8َ َA Lِ ِْE8ُ ِL" ‫ْ ُ; ا‬aDَ َZ ِ‫ذ‬
(That is the grace of Allah which He bestows on whom He wills.) meaning, those who have
these qualities, acquired it by Allah's bounty and favor and because He granted them these
qualities. 
ٌِ"#
َ ٌI@
ِ ‫ َو‬Lُ " ‫وَا‬
(And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower,) His favor is ever extending,
and He has perfect knowledge of those who deserve or do not deserve His favor and bounty.
Allah's statement, 
ْ‫ُا‬%َA‫ ءَا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫ وَا‬Lُ ُُ@‫ َو َر‬Lُ " ‫ُ ُ ا‬V‚ ِ ‫ِإ  َ َو‬
(Verily, your Protector is Allah, His Messenger, and the believers...) means, the Jews are not
your friends. Rather, your allegiance is to Allah, His Messenger and the faithful believers. 
َ‫آَة‬2 ‫ُْنَ ا‬E8ُ ‫ن ا "ةَ َو‬
َ ُ ِ8ُ َ8ِ- ‫ا‬
(those who perform the Salah, and give the Zakah...) referring to the believers who have these
qualities and establish the prayer, which is one of the most important pillars of Islam, for it
includes worshipping Allah alone without partners. They pay Zakah, which is the right of the
creation and a type of help extended to the needy and the poor. As for Allah's statement, 
َ‫ُن‬C‫ َو ُهْ رَا ِآ‬
(and they bow down,) some people thought that they give the Zakah while bowing down. If
this were the case, then paying the Zakah while bowing would be the best form of giving
Zakah. No scholar from whom religious rulings are taken says this, as much as we know.
148

Therefore, 
َ‫ُن‬C‫ َو ُهْ رَا ِآ‬
(and they bow down,) means, they attend the prayer in congregation in Allah's Masjids and
spend by way of charity on the various needs of Muslims. Allah said; 
‫ن‬
َ ُB"ِ‫َـ‬/ ْ ‫ ُهُ ا‬Lِ " ‫ب ا‬
َ ْ2=
ِ ‫ن‬
 ِfDَ ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫ وَا‬Lُ َُ@‫ َو َر‬Lَ " ‫ َ َ ل ا‬8َ َA‫ َو‬
(And whosoever takes Allah, His Messenger, and those who have believed, as protectors, then
the party of Allah will be the victorious.) similarly Allah said;
‫ َو َْ آَُا‬Lُ َُ@‫ َو َر‬Lَ " ‫ْ =َ€ د ا‬Aَ ‫ن‬
َ ‫د‚و‬nَ8ُ ِ O
ِ [” ‫ وَا ْ َْ ِم ا‬Lِ " ِ َ‫ُن‬%Aِ ْE8ُ ًAْ0َ ُ ِ6َ [ - ٌ28ِ2َ# ‫ى‬
” ِ َ0 Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫@"ِ! ِإ‬
ُ ‫ َأ َْ وَ ُر‬
 َB"ِr
ْ [ّ Lُ " ‫( ا‬
َ َ َ‫آ‬ 
َ5ِ ْJَ ِA ‫ِْى‬6َ R
ٍ ‫ـ‬%G
َ ْ5ُ ُ"ِOْ 8ُ َ‫ و‬Lُ %ْ A ‫ح‬
ٍ ‫َ ُهْ ُِو‬8 ‫ َـَ َوَأ‬8ِU‫ِ ُ ا‬5ُِ"ُ0 !ِD (
َ َ َ‫ آ‬Z
َ ِ ‫ْ ُأوْ َـ‬5ُ َ َ ِ`َ# ْ‫ْ َأو‬5ُ َ َ ْO‫َ€ َء ُهْ َأوْ ِإ‬%ْ ‫ءَاَ€ َء ُهْ َأوْ َأ‬ 
َ‫ُن‬J"ِْ ُ ْ ‫ ُه ُ ا‬Lِ " ‫ب ا‬
َ ْ2ِ= ‫ن‬
 ‫ َأ َ[ ِإ‬Lِ " ‫ب ا‬
ُ ْ2ِ= Z
َ ِ ‫ ُأوْ َـ‬Lُ %ْ َ# ْ‫ُا‬d‫ُْ َو َر‬5%ْ #
َ Lُ " ‫! ا‬
َd
ِ َ‫َ ر‬5ِD 
َ 8ِ"ِ‫َـ‬O ُ ‫َـ‬5ْ [” ‫ا‬
(Allah has decreed: "Verily, it is I and My Messengers who shall be the victorious.'' Verily,
Allah is All-Powerful, Almighty. You will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last
Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even though they
were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred (people). For such He has
written faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with a Ruh (proof) from Himself. And He
will admit them to Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow to dwell therein (forever).
Allah is pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the party of Allah. Verily, it is the
party of Allah that will be the successful.) Therefore, those who accept the allegiance of Allah His Messenger and the faithful believers - will gain success in this life and the Hereafter.
Hence Allah's statement here, 
‫ن‬
َ ُB"ِ‫َـ‬/ ْ ‫ ُهُ ا‬Lِ " ‫ب ا‬
َ ْ2=
ِ ‫ن‬
 ِfDَ ْ‫ُا‬%Aَ ‫َ ءَا‬8ِ- ‫ وَا‬Lُ َُ@‫ َو َر‬Lَ " ‫ َ َ ل ا‬8َ َA‫ َو‬
(And whosoever takes Allah, His Messenger, and those who have believed, as protectors, then
the party of Allah will be the victorious.)

149

26. QS Al Maaidah 5:3 
َA [ ‫ ِإ‬Iُ Bُ

 ‫َ€ َأ َآ َ; ا‬A‫ َو‬.ُ J
َ ِh% ‫ وَا‬.ُ َ8‫ُذَ ُة وَا ْ ُ ََ د‬0ْ َ ْ ‫ وَا‬.ُ َ %ِ g
َ %ْ ُ ْ ‫ وَا‬Lِ ِ Lِ " ‫َ ِْ ا‬/ ِ ; ‫َ€ ُأ ِه‬A‫ ِ َو‬8ِ2ْ%g
ِ ْ ‫ُ ا‬J
ْ َ‫ وَا ْ  ُم َو‬.ُ َ ْ َ ْ ‫ُ ُ ا‬Vْ َ"#
َ ْRAَ  =
ُ
‫ن ا ْ َْم‬
ِ ْ`
َ O
ْ ‫`ْ ُهْ وَا‬
َ ْgَ T
َ Dَ ُْV%ِ 8ِ‫ِ د‬A ْ‫َ َآ َُوا‬8ِ- ‫{ ا‬
َ ِ 8َ ‫ٌ ا ْ َْ َم‬c

ْ ِD ْVُ َِ‫
ُاْ ِ[” ْز َ[ ِم ذ‬
ِ َْ

ْ َ ْ‫( َوأَن‬
ِ 
ُ %‚ ‫"َ! ا‬#
َ K
َ ِ ‫َ ُذ‬A‫َذ آْ ُْ َو‬ 
ِ=‫ُرٌ ر‬r
َ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ِfDَ ٍ Qْ Uِ ]
ٍ ِ َ6َ Aُ َ ْr
َ .ٍ 
َ َ g
ْ Aَ !ِD  ُhd
ْ ‫ا‬
ِ َ Dَ ً%8ِ‫مَ د‬T
َ@
ْ Mِ ‫ ُ ا‬Vُ َ R
ُ ِdَ‫ َ ِ! َور‬Cْ ِ ْVُ ْ َ"#
َ R
ُ ْ َ ْ ‫ْ َوَأ‬Vُ %َ 8ِ‫ْ د‬Vُ َ R
ُ "ْ َ ‫ َأ ْآ‬
(3. Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-Maytah (the dead animals), blood, the flesh of swine,
and that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for other than Allah, and that which has
been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns
‫ـ‬and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal ‫ـ‬unless you are able to slaughter it
(before its death) - and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on An-Nusub (stone altars).
(Forbidden) also is to make decisions with Al-Azlam (arrows) (all) that is Fisq (disobedience
and sin). This day, those who disbelieved have given up all hope of your religion; so fear them
not, but fear Me. This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon
you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But as for him who is forced by severe
hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat these above mentioned animals), then surely,
Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)
5:3. Diharamkan bagimu (memakan) bangkai, darah, daging babi, (daging hewan) yang
disembelih atas nama selain Allah, yang tercekik, yang dipukul, yang jatuh, yang ditanduk,
dan yang diterkam binatang buas, kecuali yang sempat kamu menyembelihnya, dan
(diharamkan bagimu) yang disembelih untuk berhala. Dan (diharamkan juga) mengundi
nasib dengan anak panah, (mengundi nasib dengan anak panah itu) adalah kefasikan. Pada
hari ini orang-orang kafir telah putus asa untuk (mengalahkan) agamamu, sebab itu
janganlah kamu takut kepada mereka dan takutlah kepada-Ku. Pada hari ini telah
Kusempurnakan untuk kamu agamamu, dan telah Ku-cukupkan kepadamu nikmat-Ku, dan
telah Ku-ridai Islam itu jadi agama bagimu. Maka barang siapa terpaksa karena kelaparan
tanpa sengaja berbuat dosa, sesungguhnya Allah Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang. 
‫ 
ا آ‬ 
َA  ‫ ِإ‬Iُ Bُ

 ‫َ َأ َآ َ; ا‬A‫ َو‬.ُ J
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ْ َ ‫ وَا  ُم َو‬.ُ َ ْ َ ْ ‫ ُ ا‬Vُ ْ َ"َ# ْRAَ  ُ=
‫ن ا ْ َْم‬
ِ ْ`
َ O
ْ ‫`ْ ُهْ وَا‬
َ ْgَ َ"َD ْVُ %ِ 8ِ‫ْ د‬Aِ ‫ َآَُوا‬
َ 8ِ- ‫{ ا‬
َ ِ َ8 ‫ٌ ا ْ َْ َم‬c

ْ ِD ْVُ َِ‫
ُا ِ َْ?زْ َ ِم ذ‬
ِ ْ َ

ْ َ ْ‫( َوَأن‬
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َ َKِ ُ‫َ ذ‬A‫َذآ ْ ُْ َو‬ 
ِ=‫ُرٌ َر‬r
َ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬fِDَ ٍQْ fِِ ٍ]ِ َ6َ Aُ َ ْ r
َ .ٍ 
َ َ g
ْ Aَ )ِD  h
ُd
ْ ‫ا‬
ِ َ Dَ ً%8ِ‫@"َمَ د‬
ْ fِْ ‫ ُ ا‬Vُ َ R
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َ R
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ُ "ْ َ ‫َأ ْآ‬ 
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َ ْ ‫ْ ا‬Aِ ‫ت‬
َ َA َA )
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َ )
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!َ%ْ َ

ْ 8ُ ‫; َو‬G
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َ L" ‫َ ا‬5Aَ  َ= ‫َا‬-5َ ِ"Dَ ِ‫ َن‬Bَ "ْ َِ‫ و‬
ِ 8"ِ ‫َرة‬d )
َ 5ِ َD َِ J
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ْ ‫ِا‬
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 ‫َة َأ‬8ْ َ ‫ْ َأِ) ُه‬#
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ّ ِ 5َ ْ Bَ ْ ‫ ا‬vِDَJ ْ ‫َلَ ا‬0 ]ِCd
َ َ ‫وَ ُه‬
150

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‫َ‬
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‫‪َ َ0 ٍ 8ِX‬ل ‪ٍ n )َِ?ََD‬‬
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‫‪َVJ‬‬
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‫ي =َ َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪#‬ش ا ْ ‪ّ ِ Aِ َC‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ ْ .َ "ََ@ ْ L‬‬
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َْرَآ‪َ َْ# L‬‬
‫‪ْ Aُ )ِD‬‬
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‫‪َ ْAِ ٌ;G‬‬
‫ن َأَآُْ َر ُ‬

ِ ‪َ ُ ُ8َ ْ5ْC‬‬
‫`ْ َ ِ‪َ Dَ .‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ُأ‪َ .َ Aَ َA‬وذَآَ َ َ‪ eُ َ ْJ‬وَزَادَ َ‪ Zِ ْCَ L َْ0 ْC‬ا ‬
‫‪َ َْ#‬أِ) ‪َ (ِ َr‬‬
‫ 
َ ‪َ َA‬أْ`َ‬
‫‪ِ ِِOn ْ#‬هْ َو‪َ َA‬أ=ْ َ‬
‫@َ" ُا َ‬
‫‪َ )ِ% َ Cَ m‬و@ََِ) َوَأ َر‪ْ ?ََD )ِ%ْhَ ْ5ْ8‬‬
‫ن ا "‪َ L‬أ ْ‬
‫ِ َ ‪ِ َ5ِD )ِ .َGَ= َ Rْ"ُ َD .ٍ 0َ ْ- َ ِ )ُِْ?Dَ .ٍ 0َ ْ-‬إ ‬
‫َا َأيْ َ َ ْ‪ ;ْCDِ ;َC‬ا ْ ‪ِ َ6‬هِ"‪.‬‬
‫‪ً8َِ= ً Y‬ا ‪ِ ْ َ َD‬‬
‫‪ْ#‬‬
‫ك وَا ْ َ َْت َ َ َْ َ ‪ َ5%‬وَ َ َ ْ?‪-َ ُO‬نْ َ‬
‫@‪َJ‬ق ‪َ :‬وِإ‪َ 8‬‬
‫) ‪ Lُ َ َ َِ0‬ا ِ) َذآَ َهَ ِاْ ِإ ْ‬
‫ا َْ?‪ Dِ !َ`ْ#‬‬
‫‪ُg‬ج ِ‪Lْ%A‬‬
‫‪ْ 8َ َA Iَ 6‬‬
‫^‪ ]ْ%‬آَنَ َ‪ْ َ D‬‬
‫‪ ٍ ْY#‬وَ َ‪َ eِCَ Lِ ِ ِْ َ َD eِ ِ ْJ‬أوْ =َ ََاً ِ‪َ ْA‬أيّ ِ‬
‫‪J‬دًا ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫ع ‪َ Aُ ً ْ َX -ُ ُO?ْ َ8‬‬
‫ن ِإذَا ‪َ َG‬‬
‫=َ ُهْ آَ َ‬
‫ن َأ َ‬
‫َو َذِ ‪َ َZ‬أ ‬
‫‪َ : !َ`#‬وذَا ا ‚‪ (ُ%‬ا ْ َ ْ‪ُ%‬ب َ َ?ْ ِ َ ‪َ ُL%‬و َ َ ْ‪ ْBُ C‬ا َْ?وْ‪َQ‬نَ َواَ " َ‪َBُ ْ#َD L‬ا‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ه‪ eِ ِ-‬ا ْ ?ُ‪َ َ0  Qُ .A‬ل ا ْ ?َ ْ‬
‫`َ ُ‪َ L‬و ِ َ‪َ-5‬ا =َ  َم ا "‪ L‬ا م َ‬
‫ِ‪ ْA‬ا م َ‪ْ َD‬‬
‫‪ُ G‬ده‬
‫‪ cُ ْ-J‬ا ‪ِ Y‬ه ِ‪ُ )ِD .8‬‬
‫`‪َ ْJ‬و َ ُ‪َْJ8‬ج ِإ َ! َ َ‬
‫=! ا ‬
‫‪َ2G‬ا ِ<‪َ ِL‬‬
‫‪َ Iِ G‬أ ْ‬
‫`ّ‪ L‬وَا "‪َ ّCُ 8َ ْJ‬‬
‫= ِ‬
‫ 
ّ‪ L‬وَ َو ْ‬
‫" ‪َ L َْ0‬و َ‪ ْJ‬ا ْ ‪ِ )ِ%Cْ 8َ " 8ِ2%ْ ِg‬إ ْ ِ‬
‫‪8ِ2ْ%O‬‬
‫ 
ُ=ً َأوْ َ ‪ِ ْJ‬‬
‫ن ‪ِ " !َ َCَ L َْ0‬إ  َأنْ َ‪ُV8‬ن َ‪َ .َْA‬أوْ َد‪ْ Aَ ًA‬‬
‫ 
ً " ‪َ ُ%Cْ َ8‬‬
‫= ِ‪َ6‬ج َِِْ ِ‪ِ Lُ  fَِD " L‬ر‪َ {ْG‬أوْ ِ‪ْ D‬‬
‫َه ُ‪َ َ%5‬وَ َ‪ )ِD ْ5‚
C‬ا ِ ْ‬
‫‪ِ ِ a‬إ ‬
‫‪ o‬ا ‚"‪ُC8َ َ ُL ِfDَ .َ/‬د ا ‬
‫=! َ‪َ Iِ َG ّ Cُ 8‬أ‪َ2ْG‬ا ِ< ِ‪َ L‬و َه‪َ-‬ا َ‪ُ ْ َ= ْAِ ِC‬‬
‫‪َ 8ِ2ْ%g‬‬
‫‪ !َ"َ# ُeُ 5ِ َD َ ِD ِ a‬ا ْ ِ‬
‫َ‪ِ Lُ  fِD‬ر‪َ " {ْG‬أ‪َ#‬دُوا ا ‬
‫‪َ2G‬اء َآ َ ُه َ ا ْ َ ْ‪ُ5‬م ِ‪ .َ/ ُ ْA‬ا ْ َ‪َC‬ب َو ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ ُ‪ْC‬ف ا ْ ُ ‪ِh‬د َو‪)ِD‬‬
‫‪ Iِ G‬ا ْ َ? ْ‬
‫ن ا "‪َ ّ Cُ 8َ ْJ‬‬
‫ِإ َ! ا ْ ُ ‪َa‬ف دُون ا ْ ُ‪َa‬ف ِإَ ْ ِ‪ L‬وَا ْ َ?‘ْ‪َ َ5‬أ ‬
‫@"َ ‪(ِC َ ْAَ ": -‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬وَ َ‬
‫‪َ0 Lُ %ْ #‬لَ ‪َ َ0 :‬ل َر@ُل ا "‪َ - L‬‬
‫) ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َd‬‬
‫) رَ ِ‬
‫@َ" ِ ّ‬
‫‪ (َْJ‬ا َْ? ْ‬

"ِ ‪َ َ 8ْ َ ُ َْ#‬ة ْ ا ْ ُ‬
‫^‪ْ Aُ KِJ‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪!َ"#‬‬
‫‪ 6‬دِ ا " ْ{ َ‪ُV8َ ]ْVَ D‬ن ا  ْ‪ 8ِ5‬وَا ْ َ‪ ِ#‬ا ْ َ?آِ َ‬
‫‪َ 8ِ2%ْ g‬ودَ‪fَِD " LA‬ذَا آَنَ َه‪َ-‬ا ا  ْ‪َ ُ ِ ِ%‬‬
‫^ َ‪ ْJ َ )ِD eَ8 ˆَ B‬ا ْ ِ‬
‫ِ ‪َ ْ%‬د‪َ َ  ?ََVDَ ِX‬‬
‫‪Lْ"َ#‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ن رَ@ُل ا "‪َ - L‬‬
‫ َأ ‬
‫‪ِ ْ َJِJ‬‬
‫`‪َ ْJ‬و‪َ eَْr‬و‪ )ِD‬ا ‬
‫‪ Iِ ِ 6‬ا ْ َ?‪َ2ْG‬اء ِ‪ ْA‬ا ‬
‫‪ُ X‬ل ا "‪َ ِ ْJ‬‬
‫‪ُ !َ"#‬‬
‫َأآْ"‪ L‬وَا  َ‪-/‬ي ِ ِ‪َ L‬و‪َ ِLِD‬د َ َ‪َ .‬‬
‫ 
ُ‬
‫‪ َ5ِ !َ"h‬ا ‚‬
‫‪ُJX‬م ا ْ َ َْ‪ْ ُ َ5fَِD .‬‬
‫^‪َ%‬م َ‪َ َ8 ;َ ِD‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬أ َرَأ‪ُ Rْ8‬‬
‫‪ ْ g‬وَا ْ َ َْ‪ .‬وَا ْ ‪ 8ِ2%ْ ِg‬وَا ْ ?َ ْ‬
‫ن ا "‪َ  َ= L‬م َْ‪ I‬ا ْ َ‬
‫@" َ ‪َ0 -‬لَ ‪ِ " :‬إ ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫@ َْن َأ ُ‪َ َ0 L‬ل ِ ِ‪Zِ"Aَ ;َ ْ0َ 5‬‬
‫^‪ KِJ‬ا ْ ُ‪ِ َgB‬ريّ ِ‪َ o8َِ= ْA‬أِ) ُ‬
‫‪ َ5ِ KِB‬ا ‪%‬س َ‪َ َD‬ل ‪ُ َ :‬ه َ =ََام " َو‪َ )ِD‬‬

َ ْ‬
‫َوُ ْهَ ِ‪ َ5‬ا ْ ‪ُ"ُ6‬د َو َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫( أَن‬
‫‪َ G‬‬
‫ن ا "‪َ !َ َCَ L‬أوْ َ‬
‫‪ ْr‬ا "‪ََ= َ 5ُ َD L‬ام ِ َ? ‬
‫‪ِ Lِ ْ َ"#‬ا@ْ َ‬
‫‪-ُ Dَ K‬آِ َ َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ َ َْ‪ .‬وَا م َو َ‪َ " L ْ0‬و‪ُ َA‬أ ِه ; ِ ‪ ِ ْ َ/‬ا "‪َ " L‬أيْ ‪ُ َA‬ذ ِ َ‬
‫ا ‚وم َ‪َ ََ5‬‬
‫‪ِA Z‬‬
‫‪ ْr‬ذَِ َ‬
‫^‪َ َ%‬أوْ ‪ُrَm‬ت َأوْ َو‪َ َQ‬أوْ َ‬
‫‪َ ْAِ eْr‬‬
‫‪َ Z‬و ُذآِ َ ‪ِ َ5ْ "ََ#‬ا@ْ َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ذَِ َ‬
‫‪َ ِ#‬ل ِ‪َ َ5‬‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬اِ@ْ ‪ L‬ا ْ َ‪ُ !َ َ Dَ ِYC‬‬
‫‪َ Lَ0ُ"g‬‬
‫ُ‪ْ Aَ Kَْ-‬‬
‫@ َ?ِْ) َ ِْ‪ُ@ )ِD e8‬رَة‬
‫ 
ًَ َآ َ َ‬
‫‪ً ْ #‬ا َأوْ ِ ْ‬

ِ َ‪ِ .‬إ‪َ A‬‬
‫] ا ْ ‪َ "َُC‬ء ‪ُْAَ )ِD‬وك ا  ْ‬
‫‪َ "ََO‬‬
‫ع َوِإ  َ ِا ْ‬
‫‪ِ َ G‬‬
‫=َام ِ ْ ‪ْ ِf‬‬
‫@َ<ِ ا ْ َ ‪َ0ُ"ْg‬ت ‪َ َ5 fَِD‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ)‬
‫‪َ Iِ G‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ َ ِ ْ َ‬
‫=  َ‪ِ َ%Q‬اْ ُ‪َ ;َْaD‬‬
‫= د َ‬
‫= َ‪َ ْ ْCَ ُ َ%Q‬‬
‫) َ‬

ْ‪ّ ِ َ6%‬‬
‫‪ َ
J‬ا ‬
‫) ْ ا ْ َ‬
‫ا ْ َ? ْ‪َC‬م ‪َ .‬و َ‪َ َ0 ْ0‬ل ِاْ َأِ) =َِ =َ ‪ّ "َِ# َ%َQ‬‬
‫ وََ ْ َ‪َ2‬ل‬
‫‪َX‬ء َ ْ َ‪‚ 0َ ;ّ ِJ‬‬
‫‪َ ِ8ِJ‬أرَْ‪ " I‬ا ْ َ َْ‪ .‬وَا م وََ ‪ ْJ‬ا ْ ‪َ 8ِ2%ْ ِg‬و‪ُ َA‬أ ِه ; ِ َ‪ ِ ْ /‬ا "‪َ " Lِ ِ L‬وِإن َه‪ eِ ِ-‬ا َْ?رَْ‪َ .َC‬أ ْ‬
‫ا ‪َ َ0 ;َْ ‚h‬ل َ‪َ َ2‬ل ‪n‬دَم ِ َ ْ‬
‫‪ o‬ا "‪ِ !َ 
ِ# L‬اْ‬
‫="‪َ Cَ َ  "ََD ْ 5ِ ِ ُُ-ِ ْ5ُ َ ْR‬‬
‫‪َBm‬ت ُأ ِ‬
‫=  َم ا "‪َ ْ5ِ ْ "ََ# L‬‬

َ َات وَا ْ?َرْض َ‪  "َD‬آَ َ‪ِ ُ%َ ْR‬إ@َْا<ِ; َ‬
‫‪ c‬ا "‪ L‬ا ‬
‫=َا‪َ "ََO -ُ %ْ Aُ ًA‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪َ . (8ِr‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َأِ)‬
‫ْ ُ‪َ e‬وهَ‪َ-‬ا َأ‪َ َQ‬‬
‫@َى َذِ ‪َ eُ ُ-Vَ Dَ َZ‬و‪َ َ#‬‬

"َم ‪َ 2َ َ -‬ل ِ َْ? ْ‪ ِ A‬ا ْ َ?ول ا ‪ِ-‬ي ‪َ َG‬ء ِ ِ‪n L‬دَم َوُأ=ِ"‪ِ َA ْ5ُ َ ْR‬‬
‫َ‪ Lِ ْ "ََ# - َ8ْA‬ا ‬
‫@ ْ‪َB‬ة ‪َ0‬لَ ‪ُ :‬ه َ ‪َG‬ي ‪َ َ0‬ل آَن‬
‫@ ِ ‪ RْC‬ا ْ ‪َ6‬رُود ْ أَِ) َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ َ0 L‬ل َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫) َ‬
‫= َ‪ َ%Q‬رِ ْ ِ‪ّ C‬‬
‫= َ ْ ‪َ {ُُ8‬‬
‫= ‪َ َ%َQ‬أ ْ‬
‫= ‪َ َ%َQ‬أِ) َ‬
‫=َِ َأ ْ‪َ : ًa8‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬أنْ َ‪َ ِْC8‬ه‪َ-‬ا ‪ِ ْAِ .ً <َ ِA‬إِ"‪ L‬وَ َه‪َ-‬ا‬
‫ن ‪ًِ#َX‬ا َ َ‪ ًBِ َr َD‬أََ ا ْ ََزْدَق ِ َ ٍء ِ‪ ِ 5ْ َY‬ا ْ ‪َ .َDُV‬‬
‫َر‪ )ِ%َ ْAِ ;ُG‬رََح ُ‪َ8‬ل َ ُ‪ِ L‬اْ وَا<ِ; َوآَ َ‬
‫‪َ ُ J‬ات‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ ُ‬
‫ج ا ‪%‬س َ‬
‫‪َ َg‬‬
‫‪َ#‬ا‪َ َ0 َ5َBِ0‬ل ‪َ َD :‬‬
‫`َنِ َ‬
‫‪ِ ْV8َ َ"َC6‬‬

َْ ْ ِ‪َ Dَ َ 5‬‬
‫ت ا ْ َ َء ‪َ  "ََD‬و َر َدتْ ا ْ َء ‪ِ َAَ0‬إَ ْ‪َ ِ َ5‬‬
‫‪ِ ْAِ .ً <َ ِA‬إِِ" ِ‪ِ L‬إذَا َو َردَ ْ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ"ََ# L‬و@َ"َ ‪ -‬ا ْ َ‪ِ َaْB‬ء َو ُه َ ‪َ%ُ8‬دِي‬
‫) ‪َ .ِ "َ/ْ َ !َ"َ#‬ر@ُ ِل ا "‪َ - L‬‬
‫‪ّ "ِ#‬‬
‫ج َ‬
‫) ِ ْ ‪َ0 .ِ Dَ ُV‬لَ ‪َ َ َgDَ :‬‬
‫ن ا "‪َ َ0 ْJ‬ل ‪َ :‬و‪ّ "َِ#‬‬
‫وَا ْ ِ‪َ/B‬ل ُ‪ُ8ِ8‬و َ‬
‫=  َ‪ َ%Q‬هَرُون ْ‬
‫‪ َA .ِ J‬رَوَا ُ‪َ e‬أُ دَا ُودَ َ‬
‫‬
‫`‪ ِ Lُ َ َ5‬‬
‫‪َ َ8‬أ‪ َ5‚8‬ا ‪%‬سُ َ َ ْ?آُ"ُا ِ‪ُ َ5 fِDَ َ5Aِ ُJ ُ ْA‬أ ِه; ِ‪ ِ ْ /َ ِ َ5‬ا "‪َ L‬ه‪َ-‬ا َأ‪َ (8َِr َQ‬و َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و@َ"َ ‪َ# -‬‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪َ َ0‬ل َ‪َ !َ5‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ - L‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) رَ ْ‪ِ َْ# .ََJ8‬اْ َ‬
‫‪ْ#‬ف َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬

َ‪َ َ C‬ة َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪ِ َ%Qَ L‬اْ =َ د ْ َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫َ‬
‫= َ‪َ%Q‬‬
‫‪B#‬س َ َ َد ِ ِ‪َ L‬أُ دَا ُو َد َو‪َ َ0‬ل َأُ دَا ُودَ َأ‪َ ًaْ8‬‬
‫‪َ%ْ r‬ر َأوْ َ‪ِ !َ"َ# Lُ َ 0‬اْ َ‬
‫‪ُ َCْ G‬ه َ ُ‬
‫‪َ ْ  J‬‬
‫ُ‪َ0َ َCA‬ة ا ْ َ?‪َْ#‬اب ‪َ َ0  ُQ‬ل َأُ دَاوُ َد ُ‪َ A‬‬
‫ن َر@ُل ا "‪- L‬‬
‫‪ُ8َ .َAِ ْV#‬ل ‪ِ :‬إ ‬
‫@ ِ ‪ِ RْC‬‬
‫‪َ َ0 R8O‬ل َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ‪ِ ْ َْ ‚2‬‬
‫= َ‪َ= ْ 8َِG َ%Q‬زِم َ‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬أِ) َ‬
‫هَرُون ْ َز‪َ ْ ْ8‬أِ) ا ‪2‬رْ‪َ0‬ء َ‬
‫‪B#‬س‬
‫ َ‬
‫‪ِ ْr‬اْ ‪ْ-8َ َ 8َِG‬آُ ‪ِ Lِ ِD‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َCَm ْ#‬م ا ْ ُ َ‪ِ َB‬ر َ‪َ ِْ 8‬أنْ ‪ْEُ8‬آَ; ُ‪َ0  Q‬لَ َأُ دَا ُو َد َأ ْآَ ُ َ‪ ْA‬رَوَا‪َ ُe‬‬
‫@" َ ‪َ !َ5َ -‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫^َ"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫) =ََام َوَأ‪"A‬‬
‫‪َ )ِD ;Bg‬و‪ُ َ Dَ َ5َِ0َQ‬ت ‪َ 5ِ َD‬‬
‫‪ِ c‬إ‪ًْ0َ A‬ا َوِإ‪ِ A‬ا َ‪َ?ِ ً0‬نْ َ َ َ‬
‫‪َ ".َ%ِ g‬و ِه)َ ا ِ) َ ُت ِ ْ ‪ِ %ْ َg‬‬
‫َ َ دَ ِ ِ‪َ L‬أ ْ‪ " L ْ0َ ًa8‬وَا ْ ُ ْ‪َ %‬‬
‫=!‬
‫‪َ .ِ Bَ َ`g‬‬
‫‪َa‬ب ِ ْ َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ِ) ُ ْ‬
‫=! َ ُت َآ َ ‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ ‪Bَ#‬س َو‪ َْr‬وَا=ِ َ‬
‫‪J‬د َ‬
‫‪َ Aُ ْr‬‬
‫`)ْ ٍء َ‪َ ;ٍ ِQ‬‬
‫‪َa‬ب ِ َ‬
‫) ا ِ) ُ ْ‬
‫ا ْ َ ْ‪ُ0‬ذَة " َ‪َ 5ِ D‬‬
‫ي ْ =َِ ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪Rْ"ُ0 :‬‬
‫‪ّ ِ#‬‬
‫ن َ‬
‫‪َ KِJ‬أ ‬
‫=! ِإذَا ‪َ ْRَ َA‬أ َآ"ُهَ ‪َ .‬و‪ )ِD‬ا ‬
‫‪-َ ِ0ُ8‬هَ َ‪ُ َ D‬ت ‪َ0‬لَ َ‪َ0‬دَة ‪ :‬آَنَ َأهْ; ا ْ ‪ِ َ6‬هِ"‪َ ََC ْ ِ َ5َ ُِ ْa8َ .‬‬
‫‪ُ َ  ِfDَ Lِ d‬ه َ َو‪َ"َD -ِ0‬‬
‫ب ِ َ‪ِ ْC‬‬
‫ق َ‪َ Lُ "ْ ُVD‬وِإنْ َأ^َ َ‬
‫ض َ‪َ 2َ َgD‬‬
‫ْ َ‪َ َ0 (ِ^ُ?D‬ل ‪ِ :‬إذَا َر َ‪َCْ ِ ْ ِ RْA‬ا ِ‬
‫ض ا ‬
‫‪َ َ8‬ر@ُل ا "‪ِ L‬إ) َأرْ‪َCْ ِ ْ ِ )ِA‬ا ِ‬
‫‪ْ%#‬‬
‫‪ِ Lِ ْ َ"#‬‬
‫‪َ Lُ "J‬و َه‪َ-‬ا ُ‪َ Iَ ْ6A‬‬
‫‪َ Lُ "َCَ 6‬و‪ً-ِ0‬ا َ ْ ُ‪ِ 8‬‬
‫‪َ Dَ Lِ d‬‬
‫ب ِ‪ِ َْC‬‬
‫‪َ Lُ "َ=?َDَ ِe J‬و‪َ َA‬أ^َ َ‬
‫ض وَ َ‪َ ِ eْJ‬‬

ْ‪َ ِ 5‬أوْ ِ ْ ِ ‪َْC‬ا ِ‬
‫ق َْ ‪َ َA‬أ^َ َ ُ‪ ِ L‬‬
‫َ?ْآُ" ُ‪َ  َDَ L‬‬
‫= َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪َ " L‬أ=َه َ" َ‬
‫) رَ ِ‬
‫‪ُ ِْ ََْ0 !َ"#‬ه َ ‪َ َْ0‬نِ ِ"` ِ‪ Cِ D‬‬
‫‪َ Lُ =َ6‬‬
‫ ْ َ َ‪َ Lِ "َِِ ِ Lُ "ََ َD‬وَ ْ َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫= ُ‪ .‬ا ‬
‫^ َ َم ا ْ ‪ِ َ6‬ر َ‬
‫‪ُ"ََO‬ا ‪ِ َ ِD‬إذَا َ‬
‫ا ْ َُ‪َ5‬ء وَا ْ‬
‫= َ‪َ َ^ َA .ِ َ=َfِِ َ V‬د‪ ُe‬ا ْ َ‪َ (ْ"V‬و َ‬
‫‪َ Lُ  ?َِ ;ّ J‬‬
‫‪ْG‬ح َ‪َ َ ُ5D‬و‪ " -ِ0‬وَا ِ) " َأ  ُ‪ِ 8َ L‬‬
‫ن آُ"Š ِ‪َ ِ ْ/َ ِ RAَ َ 5ُ %ْ A‬‬
‫َ‪َ ;ّ ِJ8‬آ َ ‪ )ِD‬ا
‪ ْ5‬وَا ْ ‪َ IِAَ6‬أ ‬
‫] ا ْ ُ‪َ "َC‬ء‬
‫‪َ "ََO‬‬
‫"ً َ‪َ ْ(َ Vْ ُ ْ"D‬ه ُ‪ِ " ;ْDَ " .َ%5‬ا ْ‬

َ? َ‪ْ َD .‬‬
‫‪ِ !َ"#‬إَ=َ‪ َA .‬ذَ َآَْ ُ‪َ ْ0َ ُL ?َ ِ e‬د‪ )ِD ;َ َO‬ا ْ ُ‪ُ C‬م َو َ‪َ0َ ْ0‬رْت ِ ‪ ِe-ِ َ5‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪َ َD ;َِْ ْ
َ8‬ل َ‬
‫ن َذ ِ‪Z‬‬
‫ ‪َ " :‬أ=َه َ" َأ ‬
‫^ َ َ‪َ Lُ A‬ه;ْ َ‪َ ;ّ ِJ8‬أمْ َ ؟ ‪ِ ْ َْ0َ !َ"َ#‬‬
‫^ْ َ‪َ ِL"َِِ ِ Lُ "ََ َD‬وَ ْ َ‪َ Lُ =َْ68‬أوْ َ‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬‬
‫@ َ; َآ"ْ‪َ ًB‬‬
‫= َ ُ‪ ْ5‬ا "‪ِ َ ِD !َ َCَ L‬إذَا َأرْ َ‬
‫َر ِ‬
‫‪151‬‬

‫‪ ْ#‬ا ` ِ‪)ِCD‬‬
‫^‪َJ‬ب َ‬
‫=‪ ُeَV‬ا ْ َ? ْ‬
‫ي ْ =َِ َو َه‪َ-‬ا ‪َْ0‬ل َ‬
‫‪ّ ِ#‬‬
‫=ِ‪َ o8‬‬
‫‪َAُ #‬ت َ‬
‫‪ " ْVُ ْ َ"#‬وَآَ‪َ-‬ا ُ‬
‫ َ‬

‪َ ْV‬‬
‫="َل ِ ُ‪ِ ُ C‬م ‪ُ"ُVDَ " : !َ َCَ L َْ0‬ا ِ‪َ  A‬أ ْ‪َ A‬‬
‫َ‬
‫{ َذِ ‪ِ َYِ َZ‬ه ٍ ِ‪ ْA‬آَ"َم ا ` ِ‪ )ِD ّ)Cِ D‬ا ْ ُ?مّ و ا ْ ُ ‪ََ ْg‬‬
‫)" ‪ " Rْ"ُ0‬وََ ْ َ‬
‫ي وَا ا‪ّ Cِ ِD‬‬
‫ ِ‪ : ْ5ُ %ْ A‬آَ ‪ِ َ%‬و ‬
‫‪ ‰ْCَ Lُ َJJ‬ا ْ ُ ََ?‪َ 8ِO‬‬
‫^‬
‫َر=ِ َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪َ L‬و َ‬
‫ ‪ Lُ %ْ َ#‬ا " ُ‪ِ  5‬إ ‬

َ? َ‪ِ ْ َ َْ0 .‬‬
‫‪َُ"m‬ا ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫^‪َJ‬ب ِ‪ْ ?ََD Lُ %ْ A‬‬
‫‪ ;َ َ J‬ذَِ ‪ َZ‬ا ْ ?َ ْ‬
‫‪ُ Lَ G‬آ"Š ِ‪َ Dَ َ 5ُ %ْ A‬‬
‫ َ‪َ  Qُ ِْ َ %َ ْCAَ ;ِ َ ْJ8‬و ‬
‫‪ِ ْ َCd‬‬
‫َ‪َ َ0 Lُ  ِfD‬ل ‪ِ )ِD :‬آ"َ ا ْ َ ْ ِ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) =َ‪.َِ%‬‬
‫‪B‬غ َ‬
‫‪ِ Lُ "َََ ;ّ J‬اْ ا ‬
‫‪2َ G‬مَ وَا ْ َْل ِ َ‪َ َZ ِ-‬أ‪ )ِ%ْ#‬ا ْ ِ‬
‫ح َِا=ِ ٍ ِ‪َ َ 5ُ %ْ A‬و َ َ‬
‫‪َ ً"ِ"َ0 Lُ J‬وَ ْ ‪َ ُ8‬‬
‫‪َX‬‬
‫‪ ; J‬رَ ‬
‫َأ  ُ‪ِ َْ"ْ ِ LْJَ )ِD L‬ل ِ ْ ِ‬
‫) َوَأِ) ُهَ ْ‪َ8‬ة‬
‫@ّ‬
‫@ ْ" َن ا ْ َ ِر ِ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ eِ
َْ )ِD ُeَVJ‬‬
‫‪َ َD 8َِG ْ َCْ G‬‬
‫‪َ Z‬وَأ‪َ A‬أُ َ‬
‫‪ ْr‬ذَِ َ‬
‫‪ِ ْ َ
J‬ز‪َ8‬د ‪َ Lُ %ْ َ#‬وَ ْ َ‪ْ-8‬آُ َ‬
‫ِ‪ِ ْA‬روَا‪ .َ8‬ا ْ َ‬
‫) ‪. Lُ %ْ َ#‬‬
‫‪َd‬‬
‫= َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪ L‬وَ َر ِ‬
‫‚‪ LD‬رَ ِ‬
‫‪ِ ْ5ُ %ْ #‬إ  َأ  ُ‪َ َ ْAِ L‬‬
‫ =ً ِ ِ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ Aُ Z‬‬
‫{ ‪ َGُ8‬ذَِ َ‬
‫‪ŠِG (8ِr‬ا َو َ ْ َ‬
‫‪َ َ #‬و َه‪َ-‬ا َ‬
‫@‪َ ْ ْC‬أِ) َو‪0‬ص وَاْ ُ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫‪B‬غ َْ‪LJِG‬‬
‫‪َ ْAِ َ5Y‬آ"َم ِاْ ا ‬
‫) َو َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫= َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪ L‬وَا‪َْO‬رَ ُ‪ e‬ا ْ ُ َ‪ّ ِ 2‬‬
‫) َر ِ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا `‪ّ Cِ ِD‬‬
‫ َ‬
‫‪َ ;ّ J‬و ُه َ َأ=َ ا ْ َْ َ ْ ِ‬
‫‪ِ َ8 َ Z‬‬
‫" وَا ْ َْل ا ِ)" َأن َذِ َ‬
‫) ا "‪َ Lُ %ْ َ# L‬و َه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َْل‬
‫‪َd‬‬
‫=‪َ ;َBْ%‬ر ِ‬
‫= َ ْ َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م َأ ْ‬
‫`‪ُ5‬ر َ‬
‫‪َ َْ#  J‬أِ) =َ‪َ .َِ%‬و ُه َ ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪ . ُ "َ#‬وَ َروَا ُ‪َ e‬أُ ‪َ ]ُ@ُ8‬و‪َ ُA‬‬
‫َأ‪َ ًaْ8‬واَ "‪َ L‬أ ْ‬
‫‪ o‬رَا‪ْ IِD‬‬
‫‪ِ 8ِJ‬‬
‫‪B‬غ َ ُ‪َ ِ L‬‬
‫Œ ِاْ ا ‬
‫=َ ‬
‫‪ .#‬وَا ْ‬
‫`ْ ِ‬
‫{ ا ْ ?ُ^ُل ا ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ ََا‪ ِ#‬ا ُْ?^ُِ ‪َ .‬وَأ َ‪ّ A‬‬
‫‪ِ G‬يَ َ‬
‫ب َواَ "‪َ L‬أ‪ُ Lُ  ?َِ ُ "َ ْ#‬أ ْ‬
‫َا ِ‬
‫َأ‪ ِ Lُ Bَ ْX‬‬
‫@ َ ا " ِ‪"ُeُ"Vُ Dَ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬‬
‫( ‪َ0‬لَ ‪َ َA " :‬أْ َ‪ َ 5‬ا  َم َ‪ْ-‬آُ ُ ِا ْ‬
‫ ِ‬
‫{ َ‪ًAُ َ%َCA‬ى َأ َ‪َ َ ْ ِ Kَْ-َ%D‬‬
‫‪ًr‬ا َو َ ْ َ‬
‫‪َ َ8 : Rْ"ُ0 Œ8ِO‬ر@ُل ا "‪ِ L‬إ َ‪ ُ0‬ا ْ َ‪ُ C‬و َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ُ5 ْ G‬ر ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ ‪َ "َُC‬ء ‪)ِD‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ%#‬‬
‫ص ‪َْBCِ ْ َD‬ة ِ ُ‪ِ ُ C‬م ا "ْ‪ِ v‬‬
‫@‪ّ َO (َB‬‬
‫ن وَا ِردًا ‪َ !َ"َ#‬‬
‫‪َ . ِْ J‬و َه‪َ-‬ا َوِإنْ آَ َ‬
‫‪َ ِJ‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ Aِ َ َ ِ o8ِJ‬و ُه َ ‪ )ِD‬ا ‬
‫ا ْ َ‬
‫ن َه‪َ-‬ا‬
‫=َام " َأ َ‪َُD‬ل ‪ِ LَِD‬إ ‬
‫@ َ‪َ َ 5ُ َD َV‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ‪َ IِْB‬و ُه َ َ‪ -ِB‬ا ْ َ‪َ َDَ ;َ
C‬ل ‪ُ " :‬آ ّ; ‪ََX‬اب َأ ْ‬

"َم ‪َ -‬‬
‫‪ Lِ ْ َ"#‬ا ‬
‫@ ِ َ; ‪َ -‬‬
‫ا ْ ?ُ^ُل وَا ْ ُُوع َآ َ ُ‬
‫‪َ Lُ %ْ #‬و‪eَْr‬‬

ُل َ‬
‫ك ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫` َ; ذَا َ‬
‫‪ْ)X‬ء ِ‪ ْA‬ا ‪-‬آَة َ‪َD‬لَ َ ُ‪ ْ5‬آَ"َ‪ْ 8َ ŠAَ# ًA‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫@?َ ُ‪َ ُe‬‬
‫ب ا ْ ‪َ ;َ
َC‬و َه َ‪َ-V‬ا َه‪َ-‬ا َآ َ َ‬
‫`َا ِ‬
‫‪ُg‬ص ِ َ‬
‫ا "ْ‪ْ Aَ v‬‬
‫‪ُ5ْ َ ِ ‚;J‬م‬
‫‪َ  Aِ َ{ْ َ Lِ "َِِ ِ Lُ  r‬أْ َ‪َ َ 5‬د َ‪ِ 8َ َ"Dَ Lُ A‬‬
‫^َ َ‪ Lُ A‬ا ْ ‪َ (ْ"َV‬أ ْو َ‬
‫‪َG‬ا‪ IِA‬ا ْ َ‪ِ ِ"V‬إذَا َ َ َر َه‪َ-‬ا َ‪َ َ D‬‬
‫) َ‬
‫ن َ‪ ْ0‬أُو ِ َ‬

"َم ‪ -‬آَ َ‬
‫‪ Lِ ْ "َ#‬ا ‬
‫ َِ?  ُ‪َ - L‬‬
‫`)ْء‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ‬

َ? ُ‪َ ُe‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ?َ ِد ‪ .‬ا ِ) ُ‪-َ 8‬آ! ِ‪َ َ5‬وَ ْ ‪ْ َ8‬‬
‫@َ? ُ ُ‪َ e‬‬
‫`)ْ ٍء ِ َ? ُ‪ِ ْ5‬إ  َ َ‬
‫‪َ ْAِ َ{ْ َ o8ِJ‬ه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ‪َ ِ ;ِB‬‬
‫‪ِfَD o‬نْ ‪َ ;َ ِ0‬ه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ِ 8ِJ‬‬
‫َه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ُY‬‬
‫‪َ ٌY‬وَأ‪ A‬ا ‚‬
‫ َ‪ْ Cَ D‬‬

ّ‬
‫‪َ Z‬أ‪ A‬ا ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ذَ ِ َ‬
‫= ُ‪َ ْVُ Q‬‬
‫@ُ? َ‬
‫ وَا ‪َ ُ‚Y‬و َ‬

ّ‬
‫{ ا ‬
‫‪َ َ0 o‬ل ‪َ ْ َ " :‬‬
‫ وَا ‪ُ ْ َ= ُ‚Y‬‬

ّ‬
‫@ َ ْ‪َ ْAِ !َ%‬ذِ ‪ َZ‬ا ‬
‫ا ‪ِ-‬ي ُ‪َ-8‬آ! وَِ َ‪َ-5‬ا ِا ْ‬
‫‪ُ Lُ %ْ #‬هَ ا ْ€َ ُ‪LِD !َBْ 8َ َ"َD .‬‬

ُل َ‬
‫ن ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬أ ‬

َ ْ‪َ Lُ ْ%Aِ !َ%‬وِإ  َ ْ َ‪ َ َD ً"ِ Aُ ْVُ 8‬ل َ‬
‫‪ {ْ%ِG !َ"#‬ا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫ 
َ ْ‪ّ ُ َ8 !َ%‬ل َ‬
‫َ‪َ ُ D‬ى ا ْ ‪ ".َ`Bَ َJ‬وَا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫‪ "eُ ُ"ُVDَ Lِ ْ "َ#‬وَ َ‬
‫@ ُ ا " ِ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ُ8َ o‬ل ‪ َA " :‬أَ ْ َ‪ َ 5‬ا  َم َوذُ ِآ َ ِا ْ‬
‫= ْ ُ‬
‫‪َ ْVُ ْ َ"#‬أ ْ‪َ ًa8‬‬
‫`‪َ ;ِV‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬ه‪َ-‬ا َِ?ن ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َ‪َ"V‬م ‪ْ 8ُ َA‬‬
‫‪َ6‬اب َ‬
‫َد َ َ‪ َ ِ .‬ذَ َآْ ُْ ‪َ ْ َD‬‬
‫@‪Š%‬‬
‫‪ِ R‬‬

ْ‬
‫=‪ ْV‬ا ْ ُ َ‪-‬آ! َوَأ ‪ِ ْAِ  ُ َ ُL‬إ ْ‪ِ َ5‬ر َد ِ‪َ ْ َ .ٍ َ€ِ Lِ A‬‬
‫=‪ ْV‬ا ْ€ َ ِ‪ .‬ا ِ) ُ‪َ-8‬آ! ِ‪َ َ5‬و ُ‬
‫ن َ‪ُ -َOْE8ُ ًCA‬‬
‫‪ِ َ Vْ J‬‬
‫‪ Lُ %ْ Aِ ُ-O‬ا ْ ُ‬
‫َ‪َD ْ;ُ8‬ذْ َ‪ُJ‬ا ِ ِ‪َ-5َ Dَ L‬ا ُ‪َ ْE8‬‬
‫‪َ2O‬ق‬
‫‪ْ?َ َ"َD Lِ d‬آُ; َوِإنْ َ‬
‫ِ‪ِ Lُ  ?َِ Lِ ِD K8‬إنْ َ‪ِ ْCَ ِ ;َ َ0‬‬
‫ن ا
‪َ َG ْ5‬ء ا  ْ‬
‫) َأ ‬
‫) َو ِه َ‬

"َ‪ Z‬ا ِ) ‪ .َ8َِm :‬ا ْ ُ َ‪ّ ِ 2‬‬

"َ‪ . Z‬وَا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‘ًُا َه‪َ-‬ا َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫وَ َ ُ‬
‫‪]َ"َO‬‬
‫‪ُ ;ُ ْ J‬ه‪َ َ%‬وِإنْ ِا ْ‬
‫‪ ُ(6‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ َ X‬آَ ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ ُ‪َ (َG‬و ُه َ ا ْ ‪ِ َ َD‬‬
‫ك ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ ‪ْ2َg‬ق َِ?  ُ‪ِ َ 5‬ا ْ‬
‫‪ُ َ 0ُ َA !َ"َ# ;َ ْJُ َD ً"َh‬ه‪َ َ%‬‬
‫َ‪ ْ;ُVD‬وَا ْ َ‪َ َG (ْ"V‬ء ُ‪ْ A‬‬

"َ َ ُ‪َ L‬أ^ْ;‬
‫‪ْ َ8 ْAَ !َ"#‬‬
‫‪َ 8ِfْ ِ ِeِ َِْ !َ"#‬نِ ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َْ ِ; َ;ْ َه‪َ-‬ا َأوْ َ! َو َه‪َ-‬ا ‪َ Lُ َ LGَ َ َ8‬‬
‫‪ِ َ5Y‬ر َ‬
‫‪ c‬ا ْ ِ‪َْ#f‬قِ ‪ )ِD‬ا ‬
‫‪ِ َ"h‬‬
‫= ْ ُ; ُ‪ْ A‬‬
‫( َ‬

‪َ (َB‬آ َ َو‪َ َG‬‬
‫ا ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬ه‪َ-‬ا ‪َ .‬وَ ُ‪َ L‬أنْ َ‪َ Lُ ُ8‬ه‪َ-‬ا َ‪ Lُ "ََ0‬ا ْ َ‪(ْ"V‬‬
‫‪َG‬اب َ‬
‫^‪َJ‬ب ‪َ ْAِ ْ5ُ َ ّ ُ َ"َD .َBِmَ0‬‬
‫‪َ"O‬ف َْ ا َْ? ْ‬
‫{ ‪ِ َ5ِD‬‬
‫) َوَ ْ َ‬
‫‪ِ o‬ه َ‬
‫= ْ ُ‬
‫َه ِ‪ eِ -‬ا ْ َ‪َ ِ#‬ةِ ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫ت ِ َِِ" ِ‪ َ 5ِ ِD L‬وَ َ ُ‪َC8‬رَض ذَِ ‪ُ Cُ ِ َZ‬م‬
‫ن ُآ"Š ِ‪َ ِ ْ "ِ .َ n َ 5ُ %ْ A‬و َ‪َ َA ْ0‬‬
‫‪ Lِ d‬وَا ْ‪َ IِAَ6‬أ ‬

‪ِ َْCِ ْ5‬‬
‫ِ ِ َ"ِ ِ‪ Lُ "ََ0َ َA !َ"َ# ً@َِ0 ;ّ ِJ8َ ْ"ََD L‬ا ‬

"َ‪َ " َOn Z‬و ُه َ ‪ :‬أَن‬
‫=
َ َأ ْ‪ْ Aَ " ًa8‬‬

"َ‪َ Z‬‬
‫ا ْ€‪?َِ .َ8‬ن ا ْ َِس ُ‪َ A‬م ‪ !َ"َ#‬ا ْ ُ‪ُ C‬م َآ َ هُ َ َ‪ْ-A‬هَ( ا ْ ?َ ِ< ‪ .‬ا ْ ?َرْ َ‪ .َC‬وَا ْ ‪ُ5 ْ ُ6‬ر َو َه‪َ-‬ا َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ه ِ‪ eِ -‬ا ‚رَة ا ْ ُ َ‪َ%‬زَع ‪ُ"ْg8َ َ Lِ ِD‬‬
‫ َه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ ُْل َ‬
‫‪ Vِ َ eْr‬‬
‫ح َأوْ َ‬
‫‪َ# " ْVُ ْ َ"#‬مّ ‪ٍ َْ6ِ َ"ْ ِ0ُ َ ِD‬‬
‫ َ‬

ْ‪َ V‬‬
‫َ‪ُ"ُVDَ " !َ َCَ L ْ0‬ا ِ‪َ  A‬أ ْ‪َ A‬‬
‫‪َ " eٍ ُGُ ِ َZ"ْ ِ !َ"#‬أ=َهَ " َأن ا `رِع‬
‫ن ‪َ 8ِْ َ (ِ6َ َD‬ه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪َ .َ8‬‬
‫=‪َ L ْV‬وَأ‪ َA Š8‬آَ َ‬
‫=‪َ L ْV‬أوْ ُ‪َ ً%ِ َg%ْ A‬أوْ ‪ُ )ِD‬‬
‫ِإ‪َ A‬أنْ َ‪ُV8‬ن َ‪َ ًJِh‬أوْ ‪ُ )ِD‬‬
‫‪ُ َ  ِfDَ Lِ d‬ه َ َو‪?ْ َ َ"َD -ِ0‬آُ"‪َ ُL‬وَ ْ َ ْ‪َ َ"C‬أ=ًَا ‪ِA‬‬
‫‪َُ8 o‬ل ِ َ‪ِ C‬ي ْ =َِ َوِإنْ َأ^ََ ُ‪ِ ْCَ ِ L‬‬
‫= ْ ُ‬
‫ْ َ‬
‫=‪َ ْV‬ه ِ‪ eِ -‬ا ْ€‪ .َ َ= .َ8‬ا ‬
‫َ‪ِ ْ0‬ا‪ُ َ َBَ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ ;J‬ا ْ ُ َ‪َ%‬زَع ‪LِD‬‬
‫{ ُ‪ًBَ َ Cْ A‬ا ‪ُVَ َD‬ن ا ْ َْ ُل ِ ِ‬
‫ ْ ِ وَا ‪َ ْ َ Kِh%‬‬
‫ن ا ْ َ‪ .َ َ َ= ٌBَ َ Cْ Aُ -ِ0‬ا ‬
‫= ْ‪َ ْAِ ٍV‬ه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€ َ‪َDَ .ِ 8‬لَ إ ‬
‫= ْ‪َ ٍ V‬و ُ‬
‫ َ; َْ ُ‬
‫ا ْ ُ‪ِ َ َ"C‬ء َ‪َ D‬‬
‫‪!َ"#‬‬

‪َ ْR‬‬
‫ ‪َ ْ َ " ْVُ ْ"ََ#‬‬

ْ‪َ V‬‬
‫‪ Z‬ا ْ€‪ُ"ُVDَ " .َ8‬ا ِ‪َ  A‬أ ْ‪َ A‬‬
‫ن ِ ْ" َ‬
‫‪ َ %ْ #‬آَِ ٍ ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ ُ‪ِ َ "َC‬ء " ا ِ) " َأ ‬
‫‪ُYJ‬رٌ ِ‬
‫ع َ ‪َ Lِ ِ ;َ <ِ َ0‬وهُ َ َ‪ْ A‬‬
‫‪ِ َ G‬‬
‫‪ْ ِfْ" ِ ً0ْO‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ق وَا ْ ُ‪ُ C‬م‬
‫ن ‪ ُ ْ َr‬ا ْ َ ?ْآُ ِل ِ َِ ِ‬
‫‪ََJ‬ا ُ‬
‫‪ُ #‬م َ ْ‪ َ5Y‬ا ْ َ‬
‫ج ِ‪ُ ْA‬‬
‫‪ََJ‬ان ا ْ َ ْ?آُل َو‪َ ََO‬‬
‫^ْنَ ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ G‬عِ َ;ْ َ‪ِ َ ِ .َ^ُْgA‬‬
‫‪ْ fِْ ِ َ5Aُ #‬‬
‫ُ‬
‫= َ ََ ‪ Lِ ِD‬ا ‪َA‬ء‬
‫@َاءٌ ِ َ?  ُ‪ِ ْ0َ L‬ا ْ‬
‫= ْ‪ ِV‬ا ْ َ ْ َ ِ‪َ .‬‬
‫ْ وَا ْ ‪َ .ُ ََJ‬ه ِ‪ُ )ِD ِe-‬‬
‫ن َه‪َ-‬ا ا ‬
‫‪ُJ‬ظ " ا ْ َ
ْ"َ‪ Z‬ا ْ€‪َ " َO‬أ ‬
‫‪ َْr !َ"#‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪ُJ‬ظ ُ‪َ A‬م َ‬
‫ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪ ْVُ ْ "َ#‬ا ْ َ َْ‪ِ " .‬إ َ!‬
‫ن ‪ .َ 8َ n‬ا ‪َ ِ 8ِْJ‬أ‪َ ْRَA ُ= " Lُ َ َْ0 )ِ%ْ#‬‬

"َ‪ Z‬ا ْ€‪َ " َO‬أ ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ َ َْ‪ " .‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪َ ً@َ0ِ ;ّ J‬‬
‫ت َ‪َ Aَ َ"D‬‬
‫َو‪ ْAِ َ5Cُ Bَ ْ َ8 َA‬ا ‚‪ِ َُm‬‬
‫=; َ ‪ُ5‬‬

?َ َُ‪َA Z‬ذَا ُأ ِ‬
‫‪َ .َ َVJ‬أ‪ْ 8َ " !َ َCَ L َْ0 )ِ%ْ#‬‬
‫‪ْ Aُ ;ِ"J‬‬

—ٌ وَ َ َ‪َ ٌ‡ِْg‬و َآ‪َ-‬ا ‪َ )ِ/Bَ %ْ َ8‬أنْ َ‪ُV‬ن ‪ .َ8n‬ا  ْ‬
‫‪ْ َ َ5ْ"O‬‬
‫‪ِO‬هَ ُ‪ُ ْ8َ ْ َ ٌ. َ Vَ ْJA‬‬
‫‪ِn‬‬
‫‪ .ِ0 Z‬ا
‪LfِDَ ْ5‬‬
‫‪َ Z‬و‪َX‬هِ َذِ َ‬

‪َ َG .%‬ءتْ ِ َ‪َB‬نِ َذ ِ َ‬
‫^"ً َو َ‪ُV‬ن ا ‚‬
‫‪َB h‬ت " ا ْ€‪َ )ِ/Bَ %ْ َ َD .َ8‬أنْ َ ‪ُVَ8‬ن َْ‪َCَ َ5%‬رُض أَ ْ‬
‫=; َ ُ‪ ْV‬ا ‬
‫ُ‪ُ ْ;0‬أ ِ‬
‫‪ َZ"ْ ِ ْVُ= )ِD َ;O‬ا ْ€‪ .َ8n .َ8‬ا ‪8ِْJ‬‬
‫="َ ً َِ? ُ‪ ْAِ L‬ا ‪َB h‬ت َو‪ َA‬دَ َ‬
‫‪ Lُ َ02َ O‬ا ْ ِ ‪َْC‬اض ‪ُVَ8‬ن َ‬
‫=‪َ َA ْV‬د‪َ )ِD ;َ َO‬ه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪ .َ8‬وَ ُه َ ‪ِ َA‬إذَا َ‬
‫َذآَ َ ُ‬
‫ن آَنَ َ‪Lَ=َ َG ْ0‬‬
‫@َاءٌ ِإ ْ‬
‫= ْ‪َ ُ V‬ه‪َ-‬ا َ‬
‫ن َ‪ُV8‬نَ ُ‬
‫( َأ ْ‬
‫وَ ُه َ ‪ِ َA‬إذَا َأ^َ َ ُ‪َ ْE8ُ َ"Dَ ٌ‰Cْ َ L‬آ ُ; ِ َ?  ُ‪َ L‬و‪ُVَ Dَ ٌ-ِ0‬نُ َأ=َ َ َأ ْ‪َD‬ادِ ‪ .ِ 8َ n‬ا ‪ ِ 8ِْJ‬وَ َه َ‪َ-V‬ا َ‪ُ ِ68‬‬
‫=‪ُV8َ َ"َD L ْV‬ن =َ"َ ً " َ‪ِfD‬نْ ‪" ;َ ِ0‬‬
‫^ َ َ‪َ Lُ A‬أوْ ‪َ Kِhَ َ ُ5Dَ Lِ "َِِ ِ Lُ "ََ َ0‬أوْ ‪ُ )ِD‬‬
‫=‪ .َ8n ْV‬ا ‪َ ;ِ"ْJ‬وِإنْ َ ْ َ‪َ ْ;َ Lُ =َْ68‬‬
‫ا ْ َ‪ َ ُ5Dَ (ْ"V‬دَا‪ُ )ِD ;ِO‬‬
‫‪ْ?X‬ن‬
‫ن ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫‪ِ َ Z‬درٌ ِ َ? ‬
‫‪َ6‬اب " َأن َذِ َ‬
‫=َامٌ " ‪َ ْ َD‬‬
‫= ُ‪َ َ ُ5Dَ L‬‬
‫= ُ‪َ"َ= َ 5ُ Dَ L‬ل وَِإنْ َ ْ َ‪ْ َ ْ68‬‬
‫( َ‪َ َD‬ل ‪ َA :‬ذَ َآْ ُْ ِإنْ ‪َ َ َG‬‬
‫= ْ‪ ِ V‬ا ْ ‪ِ "ْ َV‬‬
‫ َ; ‪ُ )ِD‬‬
‫َ‪ Dَ َ َ ِ"D‬‬
‫=َِا ِز ِ‪َ ْA‬ذ ِ‪Z‬‬
‫‪ِ ْŒَ J‬إ َ! ا ِ ْ‬
‫ْ ‪َ%َD‬دِرٌ وَ َآ‪َ-‬ا ‪ِ L"َْ0‬إ‪ْ 8ُ ْ"َDَ Lِ "َِِ ِ eُ 8‬‬
‫‪َh‬ا ُ‪ُ Lُ A‬ه َ وَا ‬
‫^ِ‬
‫‪َ eِ ِ ُY‬أوْ َ ِ‪َ ِL‬أوْ ِ ِ‪َ ًCAَ َ 5‬وَأ‪ِ A‬ا ْ‬
‫( َأنْ َ‪ُ ِ ;َ ُ ْ8‬‬
‫ا ْ َ‪ِ ْ"V‬‬

‪ ْ5‬وَا ْ ِ ْ‪َC‬اض ‪ََD‬رَة‬
‫‪ .َ%ِ g‬وَا ْ َ ْ‪ُ0‬ذَة وَا ْ ُ ََ د‪ .َ8‬وَا ‪َ .َJِh%‬وَأ‪ A‬ا ‬
‫‪ 8ِْJَ َ "ِ#‬ا ْ َ َْ‪ .‬وَا ْ ُ ‪َ ْ%‬‬
‫=‪َ ْAَ ْ%ِ# L ْV‬‬
‫‪ُ5Y‬رِ ُ‬
‫ِ ُ‪ُ%‬و ِر‪َ ِe‬أوْ ِ ُ‬
‫‪َ .َ"#‬وِ َ‪َ-5‬ا َ ‬
‫"ً َواَ "‪َ L‬أ ْ‬
‫= ْ‪ َ Aُ Lِ ْ َ V‬‬
‫‪َ eُ Eُ َhO‬أآْ َ ُ ِ‪ِ ْA‬إ^ََ‪َ-5َ ِ"Dَ L‬ا َذ َآَ ُآ"Š ِ‪ُ ْA‬‬
‫) رَا‪َ Lِ ِA‬أوْ َِ" ْ‪َ ٍ 5‬أوْ َ‪َ ْJ‬ذِ ‪َ ْ;َ َZ‬‬
‫‪ِ ُ
ِ ٌ˜h‬ء َر ْ‪ِ A‬‬
‫‪ِg‬‬
‫ُ‪ْ A‬‬
‫‪!َ"#‬‬

‪َ َZ‬‬
‫ْ َ‪َ َD‬ل ‪ِ : :‬إنْ َأ َآ َ; ‪ُ ?ْ َ َ"َD‬آ;ْ ‪َ )fَِD‬أ‪َO‬ف َأنْ َ‪ُV8‬ن َأ ْ‪َ A‬‬
‫=‪ِ َA ْV‬إذَا َأ َآ;َ ِ‪ ْA‬ا ‬
‫ْ َذآَ َ ُ‬
‫‪َ Lْ?X‬أ  ُ‪?ْ 8َ L‬آُ; ِ‪ ْA‬ا ‬
‫آَنَ ا ْ َ‪َ ْAِ (ْ"V‬‬
‫‪َ َA ّ;J‬أ َآ َ; ِ‪Lْ%A‬‬
‫‪َ ْ%#‬آِِ‪ُ َDَ َ8‬ا ‪ِ 8َ َ :‬‬
‫‪ُ #‬م ‪ .َ8n‬ا ‪ِ ;ِ"ْJ‬‬
‫ َو ُه َ َأ ْ‪ُْgAَ ًa8‬ص ِ‪ُ ْA‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ َJِJ‬‬
‫^‪ )ِD RَِQ KِJ‬ا ‬
‫َْ
‪َ "L‬و َه‪َ-‬ا َ‬
‫= َ ْ =َ ْ‪;َB%‬‬
‫=‪َ ُeَB‬وَأ ْ‬
‫=‪ .َِ%‬وَ^َ ِ‬
‫( َأُ َ‬
‫‪َ ّ)Cِ g‬وِإ َ ْ ِ‪ L‬ذَ َه َ‬
‫) وَا ‪َ %‬‬
‫`‪ّ Bِ ْC‬‬
‫‪ َ
J‬وَا ‬
‫‪B#‬س َو ِ ِ‪َ َ0 L‬ل ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ُه َ ْ‪َ8‬ة وَاْ َ‬
‫‪َ Z‬‬
‫) َذِ َ‬
‫=‪َ ِV‬‬
‫( ُ‬
‫ا ْ َ‪ُ ْ"V‬‬
‫‪B#‬س أَن‬
‫‪ َ #‬وَاْ َ‬
‫@ ْ" َن َوأَِ) هَُ ْ‪َ8‬ة وَاْ ُ‬
‫@‪َ ِC‬و َ‬
‫) َو َ‬
‫‪ّ "َِ# ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ . Lُ %ْ #‬و َروَى ِاْ ‪َ eِ 
ْ َ )ِD 8َِG‬‬
‫`‪ُ5‬ر َ‬
‫) ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫وَا ` ِ‪ّ ِCD‬‬
‫‪ Z‬ذَهَ(‬
‫‪َ ٌ.Cَ a‬وِإ َ! َذِ َ‬
‫‪ِ Lُ %ْ Aِ c‬إ  َ ْ‬
‫‪ْr‬هْ ‪ْE8ُ :‬آَ; وََ ْ َ ْ َ‪َ Bْ 8‬‬
‫@ ْ" َن َوَأُ ُهَ ْ‪َ8‬ة َو َ‬
‫@‪َ ِC‬و َ‬
‫=! ‪َ َ0‬ل َ‬
‫ْ ُ‪ْE8‬آَ; َوإِنْ َأ َآ َ; ِ‪ ُL%ْ A‬ا ْ ‪َ (ْ"َV‬‬
‫ا ‬
‫^‪َJ‬ب ‪َ Lُ %ْ َ#‬و‪َ0‬‬
‫‪ ْAِ eْr‬ا ْ ?َ ْ‬
‫‪B‬غ َو َ‬
‫ ‪َ0‬لَ َذِ ‪ : َZ‬ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م َأُ َ‪ ْ ْa‬ا ‬
‫‪ِ 8ِ6‬إ َ! ‪ِ ْ ََْ0‬‬
‫) ‪ L ْ0َ )ِD‬ا ْ َِ‪َ 8‬وَأ‪ )ِD A‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ Zِ َA‬وَا ` ِ‪ّ Cِ D‬‬
‫( ‪ِ " :‬إذَا‬
‫^ْ ا ْ َ‪ِ ْ"V‬‬
‫@" َ ‪َ -‬أ  ُ‪َ َ0 L‬ل ‪َ )ِD‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬ر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ - L‬ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫) َ‬
‫` ِ‪ّ %‬‬
‫‪َ g‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) َ‪ .َBَ"Cْ Q‬ا ْ ُ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫‪™ ِ0َ ٍG‬‬
‫@‪ٍ َ%‬د َ‬
‫رَوَى َأُ دَا ُودَ ِِ‪ْ f‬‬
‫‪َ# (َْCX‬‬
‫‪ْ #‬و ْ ُ‬
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%‬‬
‫@"ْ‪َ R‬آ"ْ‪َ ZَB‬و َذآَْت ِا ْ‬
‫َأرْ َ‬
‫‪152‬‬

‫‪َ ْ #‬ان ْ‬
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ْ َ )ِD 8ِG‬‬
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‫ن َأ ْ‬
‫‪َ eّG‬أ ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫َأِ ِ‪َ L‬‬
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‫‪ّ#‬‬
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‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ‬
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‫@" َ ‪َ َ0 -‬ل ‪ِ :‬إذَا َأرْ َ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬رَ@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ - L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
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‫‪َ 8ِG‬‬
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‫ا ْ ُ‬
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َ‬
‫‪َ !َ`g‬أ  ُ‪ِ L‬إ  َ َأ ْ‪َ A‬‬
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‫‪ Lِ ْ َ"#‬ا ْ َْ; وََ ْ َ‪ِ 8‬‬
‫ِا ْ َ‪َ َhDَ LBِ=َ^ َ َY‬ل َ‬
‫‪ُh‬ر َ‪ ‡%َ D‬ا ` ِ‪)ِCD‬‬
‫‪َ6‬ارِح ِ‪ ْA‬ا ‚‬
‫‪َ L
َْ !َ"#‬واَ "‪َ L‬أ‪ A?َDَ . ُ "َْ#‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ Z‬‬

َ‬
‫‪َ Lُ %ْ Aِ َ5Y‬أ  ُ‪َ L‬أ‪َ ْA‬‬
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‫َْ
‪ِ َ"ِgِ L‬‬
‫^‪َ َ%َJ‬أ  ُ‪ُْJ8َ َ L‬م َأآْ; ‪َ َA‬أآَ"َ‪R‬‬
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‫‪ ْ%#‬ا ْ€ َ‬
‫‪ ْ%#‬ا ْ ‪ُ5 ْ ُ6‬ر َو َ َ‪ُْJ8‬م ِ‬
‫‪ُJ‬م ‪َ َA‬أ َآ"َ‪ِ Lُ %ْ Aِ ْR‬‬
‫( ‪ْ َ َD‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"َ#‬أ ‪ َ5‬آَ ْ ‪ِ "ْ َV‬‬
‫ب َو َ‪َ eْJ‬وَأ ْ‪َ َ5fِDَ ًa8‬‬
‫‪ِ ْa‬‬
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‫=‪َ .َِ%‬وَأ ْ‬
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‫= َ‪L‬‬
‫) َر ِ‬
‫‪َ (h‬ه‪َ-‬ا ا  ِْ‪ I8‬وَا ِْ( ِ َ‪ ‡%‬ا ` ِ‪ّ Cِ D‬‬
‫‪ُJ‬م ‪َ َA‬أآَ َ; ِ‪ Lُ %ْ A‬ا ْ َ‪َ َA 8ِْJَ )ِDَ (ْ"V‬أآَ َ; ِ‪ Lُ %ْ A‬ا ‪َ ْh‬و‪َ5ْG‬نِ َوَأ ْ َ‪ َ V‬ا ْ َ‪َ )ِd‬أُ ا ‬
‫َ‪ْ 8‬‬
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‫@ ْ‪ LَJB‬وَ َ‪َ !َ َC‬أ ْ‬
‫ 
ِ‪َ َ 5%َْ .َ8‬واَ "‪ُ L‬‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا  ْ‬
‫ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ي ‪ :‬هِ)‬
‫ 
ّ‬
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‫‪َ ;َBG‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ََ0‬دَة ‪ِ :‬ه َ‬
‫ 
ُ ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪ :‬ا ْ ُ َ َد‪ .َ8‬ا ِ) َ ْ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ ْ ّ)"َِ#‬أِ) ‪َ .َJ"ْ َm‬‬
‫=‪ َ5‬ا ْ َْن َو‪ََO‬ج‬
‫‪َ َG‬‬
‫=َام َوِإنْ َ‬
‫‪ْr‬هَ َ‪َ َ)5ِ َD َ5‬‬
‫( َ‪َ Kْh‬‬

َ‪ِ B‬‬
‫) ا ِ) ‪َ ِ ْRَ َA‬‬
‫ا ِ) ََ‪َ ;َBَG ْAِ I‬أوْ ََ َدى ‪َ .ْ ِ )ِD‬وَأ‪ A‬ا ‪َ 5ِ Dَ .َJِh%‬‬
‫ن َء ا ?ِْ‪o‬‬
‫ِ‪ َ5%ْ A‬ا م َو َْ ِ‪ َ5Jَْ-Aَ ْA‬وَا ‪َ .َ ُCْAَ !َ%Cْ َ ِ .َ"ِCDَ .َJِh%‬أيْ َ‪َ .َ=ُh%ْ A‬وَأ ْآ َ َ ‪َِ َA‬د َه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ ِ‪َ )ِD .َ%ْ B‬آ"َم ا ْ َ‪َC‬ب ُِو ِ‬
‫@ ُ ْ‪َ َ5ِD ;َ ِ C‬ء‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬آ‪َ .َ"ِJ‬وَأ‪َ A‬ه ِ‪َ َDَ ِe-‬ل َ‪ ‰ْC‬ا ‚‪َJ%‬ة ‪ِ :‬إ  َ ُا ْ‬
‫] ‪ .َBِaَO‬وَ َ َ‬
‫ن َآ ّ‬
‫] ‪َ (ِaَO‬و َ َ‪َ ُ ُ8‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬آ‪َ ;ِJ‬وآَ ّ‬
‫ن َ‬
‫‪َ ُ َُ َD‬‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا  ْ?ِ‪ِA o‬‬
‫) َِ ِء ا  ْ?ِ‪ّ َُ ِ َ5ِD o‬ل َ‬
‫‪َ .َ"8ِm‬و‪َ َ0‬ل َ‪ِ ْ5aْC‬إ  َ ُأ ِ َ‬
‫‪َ .َ8ِm‬‬
‫@ َء َآ َ ‪َ ْ5 ْ0َ )ِD‬‬
‫ا ?ِْ‪ُ َ5?َ ِ o‬أ‪َْ6Aَ ْR8َ ِ ْG‬ى ا َْ? ْ‬
‫‪َ5ْ"َ#‬‬
‫‪َ#‬ا َ‬

‪َ " IُB‬أيْ ‪َ َA‬‬
‫] ‪?َ ِ (ِaَO‬ن ا  ْ?ِ‪ََ ْ
Aُ o‬د ِ‪ ْA‬أَول ا ْ َ‪َ"V‬م َو‪َ " !َ َCَ L َْ0‬و‪َ َA‬أ َآ َ; ا ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬آ‪َ ;ِJ‬و َآ ّ‬
‫ف َ‬
‫‪ِ َ"g‬‬
‫َأول َوهْ"َ‪ِ ِ .‬‬
‫ن َ‪َ َ@ ْ0‬ل ِ‪ َ5%ْ A‬ا م َوَ ْ ِ‪;ِJَ َ"َD َ5Jَْ-Aَ ْA‬‬
‫=َام َوِإنْ آَ َ‬
‫) َ‬
‫‪َ 5ِ Dَ Z‬‬
‫َأ@َ َأوْ َ‪َ ْ5D‬أوْ َ ِ َأ ْو ذِ<ْ( َأوْ َآ"ْ( َ‪َ َ?D‬آ َ; َ‪َ ِ -َ ِ ْRَ َ Dَ َ5aْC‬‬
‫‪َ J‬م ا "‪َ L‬ذِ ‪ !َ"َ# َZ‬ا ْ ُ ‪ِ%Aِ ْE‬‬
‫‪َ Dَ Z‬‬
‫ن ‪َ َA‬أ ْ‪ ;َ َaD‬ا
‪ ْAِ IُB‬ا `ة َأوْ ا ْ َ‪َ ِCB‬أوْ ا ْ َ‪ََB‬ة َأوْ َ‪َ ْJ‬ذ ِ َ‬
‫ع َو َ‪ ْ0‬آَنَ َأهْ; ا ْ ‪َ6‬هِِ"‪ُ ?ْ َ8 .‬آ"ُ َ‬
‫ِ ْ ِ‪ِ َ ْGf‬‬
‫ 
َ ِة َو َذِ ‪ِ َZ‬إ  َ‬
‫=َة ُ‪ْ A‬‬
‫ ََا ُر ُآ ُ‪َ-ِ L‬آَ ٍة َو‪َ ِLِD‬‬
‫‪ِ  Aِ Lِ ْ َ"#‬ا ْ‪َ Vَ Aْ ?َDَ LْAَ (َBَ@ َ َ َC‬‬
‫‪ْ#‬د‪َ e‬‬
‫َو‪ " L َْ0‬إِ  ‪َ َA‬ذآ ْ ُْ " ‪َ ِV ْ 8ُ َA !َ"َ# ِ<َ#‬‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪L ْ0َ )ِD‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫‪َ : .َJْ"m‬‬
‫) ْ أَِ) َ‬
‫‪ّ "ِ#‬‬

‪َ0 " IُB‬لَ َ‬
‫‪ " L َْ0 !َ"#‬وَا ْ ُ ‪ .َ%ِ َgْ%‬وَا ْ َ ْ‪ُ0‬ذَة وَا ْ ُ ََ د‪ .َ8‬وَا ‪َ .َJِh%‬و‪َ َA‬أ َآ َ; ا ‬
‫َ‪ُC8‬د َ‬
‫ِي‬
‫@‪ ْBَ ُG ْ ِC‬وَا ْ ‪ َ
َJ‬ا ْ َ‪ْ B‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫ي َ‬
‫) ‪َ .‬و َآ‪َ-‬ا رُ ِو َ‬
‫" ِإ  ‪َ َA‬ذآ ْ ُْ " َ‪ُ8‬ل ِإ  ‪َ َA‬ذ َ‪َ ْAِ ُْ ْJ‬ه ُ‪ِ َ E‬ء َو‪ Lِ ِD‬رُوح َ‪َ َ 5ُ َD eُ ُ"ُVD‬ذ ِآ ّ‬
‫) ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ€‪ .َ8‬إِن‬
‫‪ّ ِ"#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ ِ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ  J‬‬
‫‪َ Aُ ْ َCْ G‬‬
‫‪َr‬ث =َ َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫=ْ‡ ْ ِ‬
‫Œ =َ  َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪ّX‬‬
‫@‪ ِC‬ا ْ ?َ َ‬
‫ي َو‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َأِ) =َِ ‪َ َ%Qَ  َ= :‬أُ َ‬
‫وَا
‚  ّ‬
‫`ْ َو‪Bَ#‬د ‪: َ َ0‬‬
‫ 
ْ =َ  َ‪ُ َ%Q‬ه َ‬
‫‪َ J‬‬
‫= َ‪ َ%Q‬ا ْ ُ‬
‫= َ‪ َ%Q‬ا ْ َ@ِ َ‬
‫‪َ : 8ِG‬‬
‫‪َ َ5"ِْGِ ِ ْRa‬أوْ ‪َ . ْ;Vُ Dَ َ5%ِ ْ Cَ ِ ْRَDَ َm‬و‪َ0‬لَ ِاْ َ‬
‫ َ‪َ َ5Bِ َ-َ ِ ْRC‬أوْ َرآَ َ‬
‫َ‪َ A‬‬
‫‪J‬ك َ‪ً8‬ا أَو‬
‫) ُ َ‬
‫) ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ِ :‬إذَا َأدْ َرآْ‪َ R‬ذآَة ا ْ َْ‪ُ0‬ذَة وَا ْ ُ َ َ د‪ .َ8‬وَا ‪َ .َJِh%‬و ِه َ‬
‫‪ّ "َِ# ْ#‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ‪َJ‬رِث َ‬
‫` ْ‪َ ّ)Bِ C‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ‬
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‫= َ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫=‪6‬ج َ‬
‫=َ  َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪!َ"#‬‬
‫ن ا ْ ُ َ‪-‬آة َ‪َ  َJَ ْA‬آ‪َ َ َJِ ْR‬آ ٍ‪ّ ُ َ .‬ل َ‬
‫‪ ْr‬وَا=ِ َأ ‬
‫‪Ja‬ك َو َ‬
‫‪ ْ َ #‬وَا ‬
‫‪ُ ْ ْBَ #‬‬
‫‪َ َ
J‬و َ‪َ0‬دَة َو ُ‬
‫س وَا ْ َ‬
‫‪ُ َm ْ#‬و ٍ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫ِر‪َ َ5ْ"Vُ Dَ ً"ْG‬و َه َ‪َ-V‬ا رُ ِو َ‬
‫= ْ‪َ0 . ;َB%‬لَ ِاْ َوهْ(‬
‫= َ ْ َ‬
‫‪ُ5 ْ G‬ر ا ْ َُ‪َ5‬ء وَ ِ ِ‪َ َ0 L‬ل َأُ =َ‪ .َِ%‬وَا ` ِ‪َ ّ)Cِ D‬وَأ ْ‬
‫) =َ"َل َو َه‪َ-‬ا َ‪ْ-A‬هَ( ُ‬
‫‪َJ‬ة ‪ ْCَ َ5ِD‬ا ‪َ ِ5َD Kْ-‬‬
‫ََء ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ٍ ْ)X‬ء ُ‪-َ 8‬آ! ِ‪ َ5%ْ A‬؟ َو‪َ0‬ل‬
‫ي َ‬
‫=! َ‪ُْg‬ج َأ ْ‪ُ َCA‬ؤهَ َ‪َ َD‬ل ‪َ َ : Zِ َA‬أرَى َأنْ ‪-َ ُ8‬آ! َأ ‚‬

‪َ Iُ ُB‬‬
‫‪ َ5Dَ ْG‬ا ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا `ة ا ِ) َ‪ِْg8‬ق َ‬
‫@ ِ َ; ‪َ Zِ َA‬‬
‫ُ‬
‫`‪َ ْJ‬ةَ ‪َ"َD‬‬
‫ن َ‪ ˆَ َ"َ ْ0‬ا ‬
‫ق ‘َ‪َ eْ5‬أ ََى َأنْ ‪-َ ُ8‬آ! ‪َ ;ْBَ0‬أنْ َ‪ُ 8‬ت َ‪ْEُ D‬آَ; َ‪َ َD‬ل ‪ِ :‬إنْ آَ َ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ َ‪ّ َُ Dَ wْBV‬‬
‫‪ُCْ 8َ IُBa‬و َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ‬
‫@ ِ َ; ‪َ Zِ َA‬‬
‫‪ُ (َ5X‬‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫‘‪َ َDَ eْ5‬ل ‪َ )ِ%Bِ6Cْ 8ُ َ :‬ه‪َ-‬ا َ َ‪Lَ ;َ ِ0 Lُ %ْ Aِ wِC8‬‬
‫( ‪َDَ Lِ ْ "ََ#‬ق َ‬
‫‪ Lُ َ ;َ ِ0 ً@?ْ َ Z‬وَ َ‪َ Q‬‬
‫‪َm‬ا‪َ َ"َD LD‬أرَى ِ َ‪َ ِ-‬‬
‫ب َأ ْ‬
‫ن َأ^َ َ‬
‫َأرَى َأنْ ‪ْEُ8‬آَ; َوإِنْ آَ َ‬
‫= َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪َ . L‬و‘َهِ‬
‫‪َ َ"Dَ َ5%ْhَ c‬أيْ َأنْ ُ‪ْE‬آَ; َه‪َ-‬ا َ‪ْ-A‬هَ( ‪َ Zِ َA‬ر ِ‬
‫‪X‬‬
‫‪ُCْ َ8 (ْ<- َD‬و ‪ !َ"َ#‬ا `ة َ‪َ َ5%ْhَ (ُْ َD‬و َ َ‪ (ُْ 8‬ا ْ ?َ ْ‪َCA‬ء َ‪َ َD‬ل ‪ِ :‬إذَا َ‬
‫‪َJ‬ج ِإ َ! َد ِ; ُ‪.َ8€ْ" ِ ‡َgA‬‬
‫َر ا ِ) ََ" َˆ ا ْ ‪ََ َJ‬ان ‪ِ َ5ِD‬إ َ! =َ َ‪ْCَ wِCَ8 َ .‬هَ َ‪ْ َ D‬‬
‫= َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪ ْAِ L‬ا ‚‬
‫@ َ ْ‪ Zِ َA ُeَ%‬رَ ِ‬
‫ا ْ€‪َ# .َ8‬مّ ‪ِ َ ِD‬ا ْ‬
‫(؟‬
‫ ِ‬
‫{ َ‪ًAُ َ%َCA‬ى َأ‪َ َ ْ ِ Kَْ-%َ َD‬‬
‫‪ًr‬ا َو َ ْ َ‬
‫‪َ Œ8ِO‬أ  ُ‪َ َ0 L‬ل ‪َ َ8 Rْ"ُ0 :‬ر@ُل ا "‪ِ L‬إ َ‪ ُ0‬ا ْ َ‪ّ ُC‬و َ‬
‫‪ ْ#‬رَا‪َ ْ IِD‬‬
‫ َ‬
‫‪ِ ْ J‬‬
‫‪َ ِJ‬‬
‫‪َ . ُ َ"#‬و‪ )ِD‬ا ‬
‫َواَ "‪َ L‬أ ْ‬
‫ َ‪َ ْYَCD‬وَأ‪ A‬ا ‪َ ُ Dَ ُ‚Y‬ى‬
‫‪َ Z‬أ‪ A‬ا 
ّ‬
‫= ُ‪َ َْ# ْVُ Q‬ذِ َ‬
‫ 
ّ وَا ‪َ ُ‚Y‬و@َُ? َ‬
‫{ ا ‬
‫َ‪َD‬لَ ‪َ َA " :‬أ ْ َ‪ َ 5‬ا  َم َو ُذ ِآَ ِا@ْ ا "‪َ ْ َ eُ ُ"Vُ Dَ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬‬
‫ن ا ‪-‬آَة ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ ‪cْ"َJ‬‬
‫‪ " K‬أَ َ ِإ ‬
‫‪َ ًDُ0ْAَ َ #‬و ُه َ َأ^َ ّ‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬‬
‫) َ‪َ ً#ُDْA‬و‪َ َYَ Lِ ِD‬و ُر ِويَ َ‬
‫‪ّ %ِ h‬‬
‫‪ o8ِJ‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي رَوَا‪ ُe‬ا ا َر‪ْ ُ0‬‬
‫‪َ ".َ`Bَ J‬و‪ )ِD‬ا ْ َ‬
‫ا ْ َ‬
‫ 
َاء‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ا ْ َ‪ْ C‬‬
‫= د ْ @ََ" َ‪َ .‬‬

‪ِ ْAِ َ%‬روَا‪َ .َ8‬‬
‫= َ َوَأهْ; ا ‚‬
‫‪ o8ِJ‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي رَوَا‪ ُe‬ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م َأ ْ‬
‫‪ُ"6‬ا ا ْ َ? ُْ{ َأنْ َ‪ْ2‬هَ‪ A?َDَ "c‬ا ْ َ‬
‫وَا "‪َ .B‬و َ َ ْ‪َ C‬‬
‫‪َ2َ G‬أ ‪َ . " Zْ%َ#‬وهُ‬
‫‪ِ-g‬هَ ََ? ْ‬
‫‪ِ Dَ )ِD Rْ%َCm‬‬
‫‪ cْ"J‬؟ ‪ََD‬لَ " َْ َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ ِ‪َ َ0 L‬ل ‪َ َ8 Rْ"ُ0 :‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬أ‪ُVَ َA‬ن ا ‪-‬آَة ِإ  ِ‪ ْA‬ا "‪ .B‬وَا ْ َ‬
‫) َ‬
‫ا ا ِر ِ‪ّ A‬‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ‚‪َ َ0 " (ُ%‬ل ُ‪َ6A‬هِ وَاْ‬
‫‪َ K‬‬
‫‪َْ 8ُ َ َA !َ"#‬ر ‪ !َ"َ#‬ذَْ‪ )ِD LJ‬ا ْ ‪ cْ"َJ‬وَا "‪َ .B‬و َ‪َ " L ْ0‬و‪ُ َA‬ذ ِ َ‬
‫‪ُ J‬ل َ‬
‫^‪ KِJ‬وََ ‪ْ Aَ Lُ % ِV‬‬
‫=ِ‪َ o8‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ْ%#‬هَ‬
‫‪ ًB‬آَ َ‪ ْR‬ا ْ ‪ََC‬ب ‪ِ َG )ِD‬هِ"‪ُJَ ْ-8َ َ5‬نَ ِ‬
‫ن ُ ُ‬
‫@‚ َ‬
‫) ‪َ .ِ <َ ِ َ"َQ‬و ِ‬
‫=ْل ا ْ َ‪َ َ0 .َBْCV‬ل اِْ ‪ : Œْ8َ ُG‬وَهِ َ‬
‫=‪َ6‬رَة َ‬
‫‪ : Œْ8َ ُG‬آَ َ‪ ْR‬ا ‚‪ِ (ُ%‬‬
‫‪ ْr‬وَا=ِ َ‪ !َ5َ%D‬ا "‪L‬‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ‚‪َ (ُ%‬و َآ‪َ-‬ا َذ َآَ ُ‪َ e‬‬
‫‪َ Lُ َ ُCa‬‬
‫ن ا "‪َ ْJ‬و َ‪َ 8‬‬
‫`=ُ َ‬
‫‪ Z‬ا ‪َ Kِ<َ-‬و‪َ ُ8‬‬
‫‪ُJa‬نَ ‪َ َA‬أ‪ َ5%ْ Aِ ;َ Bَ ْ0‬إِ َ! ا ْ َ‪َAِ ِ RْB‬ءِ ِ ْ" َ‬
‫وَ َ‪َ %ْ 8‬‬
‫‪ْ%#‬‬
‫ن ُ‪ْ-8‬آَ ‪ِ َ5ْ"ََ#‬ا@ْ ا "‪ )ِD L‬ا ‪ِ Kْ-‬‬
‫=! َوَ ْ آَ َ‬
‫‪ ْ%#‬ا ‚‪َ (ُ%‬‬
‫‪َ ْ5ِ ْ َ"#‬أآْ; َه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ‪ Kِ<َ-‬ا ِ) ُ‪ِ ْR"َ ِCD‬‬
‫= مَ َ‬
‫‪َ Iِ%‬و َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬ه‪َ-‬ا ا ‬
‫ َ‬
‫ا ْ ُ ‪َ ِ%Aِ ْE‬‬
‫‪ُ َA 8ِJ‬أ ِه ; ِ ِ‪ ِ ْ َ/ ِ L‬ا "‪َ L‬و‪"!َ َCَ L َْ0‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ه‪َ-‬ا َِ?  ُ‪َ َ َ َْ0 L‬م َ ْ‬
‫‪َ ;َ J‬ه‪َ-‬ا َ‬
‫`ْك ا ‪ِ-‬ي =َ  َ‪ Lُ A‬ا "‪ L‬وَ َر@ُ ‪َ L‬و َ‪َ )ِ/Bَ %ْ 8‬أنْ ُ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫ا ‪ ْAِ (ُ‚%‬ا ‬
‫@ ِْ
َم ِ ْ ?َزْ َ ِم وَا=ِهَ زُ َ َو‪ Kَْ ُ َْ0‬ا ‪2‬اي َ‪َُ D‬ل َز َ َو َ‪ ْ0‬آََ‪R‬‬
‫ن ا ِ ْ‬
‫‪َ ْVُ ْ َ"#‬أ ّ‪ َ58‬ا ْ ُ ‪َ ُ%Aِ ْE‬‬

ُا ِ ْ ?َزْ َمِ " َأيْ =َ  َم َ‬
‫َوَأنْ َ
ْ َْ ِ‬
‫{ ‪Lْ"ََ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ َ ٌ;ْr‬‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ€‪ ْ;َCْ َ َ َO‬وَا  ِ‪ُ o‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬أ=َهَ َ‪ُVْ A‬ب ِا ْ‪َ ْ;َCD‬و َ‬
‫‪َ0ِ ْ#‬اح ‪َ .َQَ"َQ‬‬
‫‪َB#‬رَة َ‬
‫) ِ‬
‫ن ذَِ ‪َ َZ‬و ِه َ‬
‫ا ْ َ‪َC‬ب ‪َG )ِD‬هِِ"‪َ َْmَCَ 8َ َ5‬‬
‫‪ْ)X‬ء ‪fَِD‬ذَا َأ‪َ5َ َG‬‬
‫{ ‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ َ ;ْr‬‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ َا=ِ َأ َ‪َ )َِ A‬ر) َو‪ !َ"َ#‬ا ْ€‪َ )َِ5َ َO‬ر) وَا  ِ‪ُ o‬‬
‫‪ْ)X‬ء ‪َ .‬و ِ‪ ْA‬ا ‪%‬س َ‪َ َ0 ْA‬ل َ‪ُVْ A‬ب َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪َ Z‬أُ‬
‫‪ (َ"m‬ا ْ َ
ْ ِ‪َ ْA‬ه ِ‪ eِ -‬ا َْ?زْ َم َه َ‪َ-V‬ا َ‪َ 0‬ر ذَِ َ‬
‫@ ِ ْ
َم َ‪ُO?ْ A‬ذ ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫@‪ ْ5‬ا ْ َ?‪ Lُ َ"Cَ Dَ ْA‬أَوْ ا ‪َ ََ )ْ5%‬آ ُ‪َ L‬وِإنْ ‪ Iَ َ"َm‬ا ْ َرِغ َأ‪َ#‬دَ وَا ِ ْ‬
‫‪َ Iَ َ"h‬‬
‫‪َ َD‬‬
‫‪َ ْ #‬ن ْ‬
‫‪َ Œْ8َ G‬و ُ‬
‫‪ِ ََ Bَ O‬اْ ُ‬
‫‪  J‬أَ ْ‬
‫‪6J‬ج ْ ُ‪َ A‬‬
‫‪B‬ح =َ  َ‪ َ%Q‬ا ْ َ‬
‫=  َ‪ َ%Q‬ا ْ ‪ ْ  َJAُ ْ َ
َJ‬ا ‬
‫‪َ 8ِG‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َأِ) =َِ ‪َ :‬‬
‫‪َ ْ َCْ G‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ي ‪َ#‬‬

ُنَ ِ‪ )ِD َ5‬ا ْ ُ?‪ُA‬ر َو َآ‪َ-‬ا رُ ِو َ‬

ُا ِ َْ?زْ َ ِم " ‪َ َ0‬ل وَا ْ ?َزْ َم ِ‪َ0‬اح آَُا َ‪ِ ْ َ ْ
8‬‬

َ ْ ِ‬
‫‪B#‬س " َوَأنْ َ ْ‬
‫‪َh#‬ء ‪ِ َْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫‪َh#‬ء ‪َ َْ#‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ J‬‬

ُنَ ِ‪ َ5‬ا ْ ُ?‪ُA‬ر َو َذآَ َ ُ‪َ A‬‬

َ ْ ِ‬
‫) ‪َِ0‬اح آَُا َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫‪B#‬س ِه َ‬
‫=ن َو‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫ ِيّ َو‪َ ْ ;َُِA‬‬
‫‪ ّ)Cِ g‬وَا ْ ‪ َ
َJ‬ا ْ َ‪ْ B‬‬
‫ُ‪َ6A‬هِ َوِإَْاهِ ا ‪َ %‬‬
‫‪153‬‬

‫‪ ْ ِ !َ"#‬دَا‪ ;ِO‬ا ْ َ‪ IِdْAَ َ5ِD .َBCْ V‬ا ْ َ‪َ5‬ا‪َ َ8‬وَأ ْ‪َA‬ال ا ْ َ‪.َBCْ V‬‬
‫ن ُ‪َ8‬ل َ ُ‪ُ L‬ه‪ُ%ْ Aَ ;َB‬ب َ‬
‫^‪ َ%‬آَ َ‬
‫^‪َ%‬م ُ‪َ wْ8َ 0‬‬
‫‪َ َY‬أ ْ‬
‫ن َأ‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫@‪َJ‬ق َو‪َ eَْr‬أ ‬
‫ْ ِإ ْ‬
‫‪)ِD R‬‬
‫‪َ Lُ %ْ #‬و َ‪َ َBQ‬‬
‫‪ُCG‬ا ِإ َ ْ ِ‪َ L‬و َْ َ‪ُ ِCْ 8‬ا َ‬
‫‪َ َO َ Dَ ْ5ِ ْ َ"#‬جَ َ ُ‪ َ5%ْ Aِ ْ5‬رَ َ‬
‫‪َ ;َ Vَ X‬‬
‫@ ْ‪َ .َCB‬أزْ َم َ‪ُVْ A‬ب ‪َ َJَ 8َ َA َ5ِD‬آ ُنَ ‪َ  Aِ Lِ ِD‬أ ْ‬
‫‪َ eْ%#‬‬
‫ن ِ‬
‫‪ Lِ ِD‬آَ َ‬
‫ ‪َ َ5ِD‬و‪َ )ِD‬أ ْ‪ َ 58ِ8‬ا َْ?زْ َم ‪ََD‬ل‬
‫ رَ ْ‪ِ 8‬‬
‫@ َ‪َ Aُ ;ِ#‬‬
‫‪ِ َ G‬إ َْاهِ َوِإ ْ‬
‫‪ َ;O‬ا ْ َ‪َ .َBCْ V‬و َ‬
‫@" َ ‪َ  َ -‬د َ‬
‫) ‪ !"َ^ -‬ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫ َأن ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ َJِJ‬‬
‫ا ‬
‫) ‪ !"َ^ -‬ا "‪L‬‬
‫( ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫‪ِ َ"m‬‬
‫ج ‪َ )ِD‬‬
‫‪َ َ O‬‬
‫‪َ  َ ُ`Cْ G‬‬
‫@َا‪ُ ْ Zِ َA ْ .َ0‬‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫‪َ KِJ‬أ ‬

َ ِ‪َ َ5‬أ ًَا ‪َ .‬و‪ )ِD‬ا ‬
‫ 
َ ْ ِ‬
‫‪ ْ5ُ "َََ0‬ا "‪ُ "َِ# َْ َ L‬ا َأ ُ‪ْ 8َ ْ َ َ 5‬‬
‫‪ّ a‬هُ‬
‫‪َ g‬جَ ا ‪ِ-‬ي َأ ْآَ‪ُ 8َ َ e‬‬
‫@َ ْ
َ ْ‪?َْ ِ R‬زْ َ ِم َه;ْ َأ‪ّ ُd‬هُ ْ َأمْ َ ؟ َ‪َ D‬‬
‫ ‪َ0‬لَ ‪ْ َD‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ8َ G‬‬
‫@" َ ‪َ -‬وَأِ) َ‪َ ْV‬و ُه َ ذَا ِه‪َB‬نِ ِإ َ! ا ْ َ ِ‪ِ َ5Aُ .َ%8‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"َ#‬و َ‬

"ِ ِإذْ ذَاك‬
‫@َا‪ْ 8ُ ْ َ .َ0‬‬
‫ن ُ‬
‫‪َ Z‬وآَ َ‬
‫‪ُ ّa‬هْ َآ‪َ َِ-‬‬
‫‪ُْg8َ Z‬ج ا ‪ِ-‬ي َ‪ُ 8َ َ eَْV8‬‬

َ ِ‪َ .َِ َQ َ5‬و‪ُ .َ َِQ‬آ ّ; ذَِ َ‬
‫ْ‪ R‬ا ْ َ?زْ َم َوأَ ْ َ‪ِ  Qُ ْ5ْCB‬إ  ُ‪ِ L‬ا@ْ َْ َ‬
‫‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ َCَD‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ)‬
‫=ْ َ َة َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬ر‪َG‬ء ْ َ‬
‫‪َ َْ #‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا ْ َ "ِ‪ُ ْ Z‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ُ ْ#‬ر‪َ .َ0‬‬
‫@َ" َ َ‪َ ْC‬ذِ ‪ . َZ‬وَ َروَى ِاْ ‪ْ َA‬دُ َو ْ‪ِ c8َِm ْAِ Lِ 8‬إ َْاهِ ْ ‪َ 8ِ2َ8‬‬
‫ُ‪َ  Q‬أ ْ‬
‫@َ ‪ًِ<َm‬ا ‪َ :‬و‪َ0‬ل‬
‫‪َ ْAِ َIG‬‬

َ َأوْ َر َ‬
‫@ َْ َ‬
‫ َأوْ ِا ْ‬
‫@" َ ‪ Œِ"َ8 ْ َ " -‬ا  َر‪َG‬ت َ‪َ 5 Vَ َ ْA‬‬
‫ا رْدَاء ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ َ0 :‬ل َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ - L‬ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫‪َ6Aُ ْ#‬هِ‬
‫@‪َ5‬م ا ْ ‪ََC‬ب َو ِآ‪َC‬ب ‪َD‬رِس وَا ‚وم آَُا ‪ُAَ ََ َ8‬ونَ ‪َ .‬و َه‪َ-‬ا ا ‪ِ-‬ي ُذآِ َ َ‬
‫) ِ‬
‫ُ‪َ6A‬هِ ‪َ L ْ0َ )ِD‬وَأنْ َ
ْ َْ
ِ ُا ِ ْ ?َزْ َ ِم ‪َ َ0‬ل ِه َ‬
‫@ِ‪َg‬رَة َرَة َو‪ )ِD‬ا ْ ِ َر ُأ‪َْO‬ى َواَ "‪L‬‬

َ‪ )ِD َ5َ ُ" ِ ْC‬ا ِ ْ‬
‫‪ )ِD‬ا ْ ?َزْ َم َأ ‪ِ َ ِ "ْ ِ .َ#ُdْAَ َ5‬ر ‪ ٌَYَ Lِ ِD‬ا " ُ‪ِ 5‬إ  َأنْ ُ‪َ8‬ل ِإ  ُ‪ ْ5‬آَُا ‪ْ َ8‬‬
‫‪ ْ g‬وَا ْ َ ْ
ِ‬
‫ ‪ُ%Aَ n‬ا ِإ  َ ا ْ َ‬
‫ن ا "‪َ 0َ َْ0 LَJBْ ُ@ L‬نَ َْ‪َ َ5%‬و َْ ا ْ ِ َر َوهُ َ ا ْ َ ْ
ِ ‪َ ََD‬ل ‪ ِOn )ِD‬ا
‚رَة ‪َ َ8 " :‬أ ّ‪ َ58‬ا ‪َ 8ِ-‬‬
‫‪ fِDَ .َ"#‬‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫` ْ‪َh‬ن َأنْ ‪ ْVُ %َْ Iِ0ُ8‬ا ْ َ‪َC‬اوَة وَا ْ َ‪َa/ْ B‬ء ‪ِ -‬إ َ!‬
‫‪ُJ"ُِْ ْVُ "َC َ eُ ُB%ِ َG‬نَ ِإ  َ ُ‪ 8ِ8‬ا ‬
‫` ْ‪َh‬ن ‪ْ َD‬‬
‫‪ ;َ #‬ا ‬
‫وَا ْ َ?َْب وَا َْ?زْ َم ِر‪َ ْAِ {ْG‬‬
‫‪ْX‬ك َو‪َ0‬‬
‫‪َ .َ َ"d‬و‪َ .َ َ5َG‬و ِ‬
‫) َو َ‬
‫‪”r‬‬

ُا ِ َْ?زْ َمِ َذِ ُ‪َ " cْ
ِD ْV‬أيْ َ‪َ cْ
ِD LِmَC‬و َ‬

َْ ِ‬
‫ن " ‪َ .‬و َه‪َ-َV‬ا ‪َ َ0‬ل َه ُ‪َ " َ%5‬وَأنْ َ ْ‬
‫‪َ ُ5َ%ْ Aُ - L َْ0‬‬
‫‪ََg‬ة ‪ )ِD‬ا َْ?‪ ْA‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي ‪ُ8ُِ8‬و َ ُ‪َ . L‬آ َ رَوَا ُ‪ e‬ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م‬

?َ ُ‪ ُe‬ا ْ ِ‬

َ‪ُِg‬و‪?َِ ُe‬نْ َ‪ُBُ Cْ 8‬و‪ْ 8َ  Qُ ُe‬‬
‫ ِإذَا َ َ ددُوا ‪ُ )ِD‬أ‪ُA‬رهْ َأنْ َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫َأ َ‪ َ A‬ا "‪ L‬ا ْ ُ ‪َ ِ%Aِ ْE‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ َ0 L‬ل ‪َ :‬ر@ُل ا "‪L‬‬
‫‪َ ْ َِG ْ#‬‬
‫‪ ْ  J‬ا ْ ُ ْ‪ِVَ %‬ر َ‬
‫‪َ Aُ ْ#‬‬
‫= َ ْ أَِ) ا ْ َ َا ِ) َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا  ْ‬
‫= َ وَا ْ ُ‪ِ َgB‬ريّ َوَأهْ; ا
‚‪َ c8َِm ْAِ َ%‬‬
‫َأ ْ‬
‫@ ِ‪َg‬رَة ‪ )ِD‬ا ْ ?ُ‪ُA‬ر َآ َ ُ‪ َ% "Cَ 8‬ا
‚رَة ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ ُْ‪n‬ن وَ َ‪ُ8‬ل ‪ِ " :‬إذَا َه  َأ=َ ُآْ ِ َْ? ْ‪َْ ْ"Dَ ِ A‬آَ‪I‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و@َ" َ ‪ َ% "Cَ 8ُ -‬ا ِ ْ‬
‫ َ‬‫@?َ ‪ Z"ْaDَ ْAِ Z‬ا ْ َ‪ِْ َ ZfِDَ ِYC‬ر َو َ َأ ْ‪ِ0‬ر‬
‫@ َ ِْرك ِ ُْ َرِ‪َ Z‬وَأ ْ‬
‫@ َ‪ِg‬ك ِ ِ‪َ Zِ "ْ C‬وَأ ْ‬
‫‪ ْr‬ا ْ َِ‪ ْ;َُ ْ  ُQ .َa8‬ا " ُ‪ِ  5‬إ) َأ ْ‬
‫ ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫َر ْآ َ‪ِ ْ َC‬‬
‫‪ )ِD )ِ ْO‬دِ‪َ )ِ%8‬ودُ َْيَ َو َ‪َ )ِXَCA‬و‪.َBِ0َ#‬‬
‫@ ِ ِ‪َ - L‬‬
‫ 
‪ْ ِ L‬‬
‫ن َه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ?‪َ - ْA‬و‪َ ُ8‬‬
‫‪"َ# R‬م ا ْ ‪ُُ/‬ب ا " ُ‪ِ  5‬إنْ ُآ‪َ َ"ْCَ Rْ%‬أ ‬
‫‪َ ُ"َ#‬وَأ ْ َ‬
‫وَ َ ْ‪ َ"C‬وَ َ َأ ْ‬
‫‪ )ِD )ِ ّX‬دِ‪َ )ِ%8‬ودُ َْي‬
‫ 
ْ ُ‪ِ َ  Qُ )ِ e‬ركْ ِ) ‪ Lِ ِD‬ا " ُ‪ِ 5‬إنْ ُآ‪َ َ"Cْ َ Rْ%‬أ  ُ‪َ L‬‬
‫َأ ْ‪ِA‬ي َأوْ ‪َ َ0 -‬ل ‪َ ;ِGَ#‬أ ْ‪ِA‬ي وَ‪ُ0ْ َD - L"ِGn‬رْ ُ‪ )ِ e‬وَ َ‪ 8‬‬
‫=ِ‪o8‬‬
‫‪ o‬آَنَ ُ‪َ  Q‬ر‪َ vْ َ " Lِ ِ )ِ%d‬أ=ْ َ َو‪َ َ0‬ل ا ْ ِ‪-ِ A‬يّ َه‪َ-‬ا َ‬
‫=ْ ُ‬
‫‪َ ْg‬‬
‫) ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ )%#‬وَا ْ‪ْ ُ0‬ر ِ َ‬
‫^ ِ ْ‪َ Lُ D‬‬
‫^ ِ‪ ُL%ْ َ# )ِ%ْD‬وَا ْ‬
‫َو َ‪َ )ِXَCA‬و‪َ .َB0ِ َ#‬أ‪ِْA‬ي ‪ْ َD‬‬
‫) ْ َأِ)‬
‫‪ّ "ِ#‬‬
‫ آََُوا ِ‪ ْA‬دِ‪َ0 " ْVُ %8‬لَ َ‬
‫{ ا ‪َ 8ِ-‬‬
‫=ِ‪ِ o8‬اْ َأِ) ا ْ َ َا ِ) َو‪ " L َْ0‬ا ْ َْم ‪َ ِ َ8‬‬
‫‪ِ Lُ DِCْ َ َ (8ِr‬إ  ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫^‪َ KِJ‬‬
‫=
َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫=ن َو‪َ !َ"َ#‬ه‪َ-‬ا‬
‫‪َh#‬ء ْ َأِ) َرَح وَا
‚ يّ َو ُ‪َ ْ ;َِA‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫ي َ‬
‫‪ُCG‬ا دِ‪َ . ْ5%8‬و َآ‪َ-‬ا رُ ِو َ‬
‫‪B#‬س َ‪ُ
ِ 8َ )ِ%Cْ 8‬ا َأنْ ُ‪َ8‬ا ِ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫‪َ : .َJ"ْ َm‬‬
‫"‚ن‬
‫{ َأنْ َ‪ ُeُBCْ 8‬ا ْ ُ َ‬
‫` ْ‪َh‬ن َ‪َ ِ 8َ ْ0‬‬
‫ن ا ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و@َ" َ ‪َ َ0 -‬ل ‪ِ " :‬إ ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ KِJ‬أن َر@ُل ا "‪َ - L‬‬
‫‪ o8ِJ‬ا ِ‪ )ِD R‬ا ‬
‫ا ْ َ ‪َِ8 !َ%ْC‬د ا ْ َ‬
‫ن ‪ِA‬‬
‫ ِ َ َ َ  َ‪ Lِ ِ 2‬ا ْ ُ
ِْ" ُ َ‬
‫‪َ ;ِ َ J‬أنْ َ‪ُV8‬ن ا ْ َُاد َأ  ُ‪ُ
ِ َ8 ْ5‬ا ِ‪ .َ5ََ`Aُ ْA‬ا ْ ُ
ِْ" ِ َ‬
‫‪َ " ْ5%َْ ِw8ِJ‬و َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫‪َ8ِ2َG )ِD‬ة ا ْ َ‪َC‬ب َو َ ِ‪ْ  ِ ْV‬‬
‫=ًا‬
‫ ِ‪ُB‬وا َو‪ُُBْ َ8‬ا ‪ .َ ََgAُ )ِD‬ا ْ ُ‪V‬ر َو َ َ‪ُDَg8‬ا َأ َ‬
‫` ْكِ َوَأهْ"‪َ L‬و ِ َ‪َ-5‬ا ‪َ0‬لَ َ‪ًAِ n !َ َC‬ا ِ ِ‪َBC‬دِ ِ‪ e‬ا ْ ُ ‪َ َِ%Aِ ْE‬أنْ َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫َت ا ْ ُ ‪ "ِ .َ َِg‬‬
‫َه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ‬
‫‘ ِْآُْ ِ ِ‪َ ْ5‬وَأ‪]ْX‬‬
‫‪َ ْ5ِ ْ َ"#‬وُأ ِْ ُهْ َوُأ ْ‬
‫ْ ُآْ َ‬
‫`ِْ) َأْ ُ‬
‫`ْنِ " َأيْ َ َ‪ُ ُDَg‬هْ ‪ِ ُْVَ ََgAُ )ِD‬إ‪ُ 8‬ه ْ وَا‪َ ْO‬‬
‫`ْ ُهْ وَا‪َ ْO‬‬
‫ِإ  ا "‪َ َDَ L‬ل " َ‪َ ْgَ َ"D‬‬
‫‪ )ِD ْ50َْD ْVُ "َCG‬ا ‚ َْ وَا ْ€‪َِO‬ة َو‪ "L َْ0‬ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪َ ْVُ %8‬وأَ ْ َ ْ‪َ )ِ َ Cْ ِ ْVُ ْ "ََ# R‬و َر‪ ْVُ َ Rِd‬ا ْ ِ‪َ"ْ@f‬م دِ‪" ً%8‬‬
‫^ُور ُآْ ِ‪َ ْ5ُ %ْ A‬وَأ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫^"ََات ا "‪L‬‬
‫‪َ ْ5ّBِ َ ْr‬‬
‫) َ‬
‫‪َ eْr‬و َ ِإ َ! َ ِ‪ّ B‬‬
‫‪ُGَJ‬نَ ِإ َ! دِ‪َ 8‬‬
‫‪َ o‬أآْ َ َ; َ‪ ْ5ُ َ !َ َC‬دِ‪ْ 8َ َ"َD ْ5%8‬‬
‫=ْ ُ‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ه‪ eِ ِ-‬ا ْ ُ?‪َ .A‬‬
‫َه ِ‪َ ِe-‬أ ْآ‪ َCِ ُ َB‬ا "‪َ !َ َCَ L‬‬
‫=  َ‪ Lُ A‬وَ َ دِ‪ِ 8‬إ ‬
‫‪َ"َ= َ"Dَ ّ6‬ل ِإ  ‪َ َA‬أ=َ" ُ‪ L‬وَ َ =ََام ِإ  ‪َ َA‬‬
‫‪ Lُ "ََCG‬ا "‪ َِO !َ َCَ L‬ا َْ? ْ‪َِB‬ء َو َ َ‪ِ Lُ َ C‬إ َ! ا ْ ِ‪ {ْf‬وَا ْ ِ‬
‫@"َ‪ Lِ ْ "ََ# LA‬وَِ َ‪َ-5‬ا َ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫‪َ " ً ْ#‬أيْ ^ِْ‪)ِD ً0‬‬
‫^ْ‪َ ً0‬و َ‬
‫^ْق َ َآ‪ِ-‬ب ‪ Lِ ِD‬وَ َ ‪َ ]ْ"ُO‬آ َ ‪َ َ0‬ل َ‪َ " !َ َC‬و َ  ‪َ ْR‬آِ" َ‪َ .‬رّ‪ِ Z‬‬
‫‪َ c‬و ِ‬
‫‪ّ َ= َ 5ُ Dَ Lِ ِ َ َBO‬‬
‫‪ْ)X‬ء َأ ْ‬
‫‪َ Lُ #‬و ُآ ّ; َ‬
‫‪َ  X‬‬
‫‪َ َA‬‬
‫‪ )ِD ً ْ#‬ا ْ َ?وَا‪ ِA‬وَا ‪َ%‬اهِ) ‪َ  "ََD‬أ ْآ َ َ; َ ُ‪ ْ5‬ا ‪ ْ5ِ ْ "ََ# ْR  َ 8‬ا ‪ .َ Cْ %‬وَِ َ‪َ-5‬ا ‪َ َ0‬ل َ‪ " !َ َC‬ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪َ ُْV%8‬وَأ ْ َ ْ‪R‬‬
‫‪َBO‬ر َو َ‬
‫ا ِْ‪ْ f‬‬
‫‪ ;َ a‬ا ‚@ُ;‬
‫‪َ Lِ ِ o‬أ‪َ ْD‬‬
‫‪َ Lُ َ d‬و َ َ‪َ C‬‬
‫= ‪ Lُ B‬ا "‪ L‬وَ َر ِ‬

ُ‪ Lُ  fَِD ْV‬ا ‪ 8‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي َأ َ‬
‫‪َ ُeْd‬أ ْ ُْ ِ?َ ْ ُ ِ‬
‫@"َم دِ‪َ " ً%8‬أيْ ‪َD‬رْ َ‬
‫‪َ )ِ َ Cْ ِ ْVُ ْ "ََ#‬و َر‪ ُْV َ Rِd‬ا ْ ‪ْ ِf‬‬
‫@"َم َأ‪ َ Bَ ْO‬ا "‪L‬‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪ " L َْ0‬ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪َ "ْVُ %8‬وهُ َ ا ِْ‪ْ f‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫) ْ َأِ) ‪َ .َJْ "َُm‬‬
‫ف ُآُ‪َ . LB‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ّ "َِ#‬‬
‫‪َ َ X‬‬
‫ا ْ ِ‪َV‬ام َوَأ ْ‪َ َ2‬ل ِ ِ‪َ L‬أ ْ‬
‫‪Lَd‬‬
‫ن ِإ َ! ِز‪َ8‬دَة َأ ًَا َو َ‪َ ْ0‬أ َ  ُ‪ L‬ا "‪َ Lُ ُ%ْ َ8 َ"َD L‬أ ًَا َو َ‪َ ْ0‬ر ِ‬
‫‪َ ُGَJ‬‬
‫@" َ ‪ -‬وَا ْ ُ ‪َ َِ%Aِ ْE‬أ  ُ‪َ L‬أ ْآ َ َ; َ ُ‪ ْ5‬ا ْ ‪َ 8ِf‬ن َ‪ْ َ8 َ"D‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫َ ِ‪ !"َ^ - LّB‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫=َام َو َر‪َ Iَ َG‬ر@ُل ا "‪- L‬‬
‫‪َ .َDَ #‬وَ ْ َ‪ِ2%ْ 8‬ل َ‪ْC‬هَ =َ"َل َو َ َ‬
‫ي ‪ ْR َ2َ َ :‬هَ‪ eِ ِ-‬ا ْ€‪َْ8 .َ8‬م َ‬

 ّ‬
‫@‪َB‬ط ‪ َْ#‬ا ‚‬

‪َ Lُ hَg‬أ ًَا ‪َ .‬و‪َ َ0‬ل َأ ْ‬
‫ا "‪ْ 8َ َ"َD L‬‬
‫‪ْJَ َ %َ ْ Bَ َD .6J‬‬
‫@" َ ‪ َZ"ْ ِ -‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ Iَ Aَ Rْ66‬رَ@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ - L‬ا "‪َ ِLْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫=َ‬
‫‪َ : {ْ َ #‬‬
‫@ َء ِ‪ُ Rْ%‬‬
‫ت ‪َ ْR ََ0 .‬أ ْ‬
‫@" َ ‪َ َ Dَ -‬‬
‫^َ"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫‪ ْAِ َ5ْ "َ#‬ا ْ ُْ‪n‬ن‬
‫="َ ُ‪َ َA ;َQِ ْAِ .‬‬
‫="َ‪ ْcِhُ ْ"ََD .‬ا ا ِ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ا ِ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و@َ" َ ‪َ -‬‬
‫َ
ِ ِإذْ َ‪َ َ Dَ ;8ِBْ ِG Lُ َ !"َ6‬ل َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ - L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪.َDَ #‬‬
‫@"َ ‪ْ8َ ْCَ -‬م َ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫ت َر@ُل ا "‪َ - L‬‬
‫) ‪َ .‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ ‪َ 8َِG‬و‪ َْr‬وَا=ِ ‪َ َA :‬‬
‫‪ "َ#‬‬
‫‪ُْ Lِ ْ َ"#‬دًا آَنَ َ‬

‪َ Rْ6‬‬
‫َ‪َ َ َBD‬آ‪َ Dَ Lَْ ?ََD ْR‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ ِ‪َ َ0 L‬ل ‪ َ :‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬هَرُون ْ ‪ََ %ْ َ#‬ة َ‬
‫‪َ ;ْa‬‬
‫=  َ‪ِ َ%Q‬اْ ‪َ ُD‬‬
‫@َْن ْ َوآِ‪َ I‬‬
‫= َ‪ُ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪َ َ0 Qُ 8ِG‬ل ‪َ :‬‬
‫ َ‪ ًAْ8‬رَوَا ُه َ ِاْ َ‬
‫=ٍ َو َ‪َ َِ Q‬‬
‫َِ? َ‬
‫@" َ ‪ ZِVBْ 8ُ َA : -‬؟ ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫‪َ ِLْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫)‪َ -‬‬
‫‪َ َDَ َ #‬ل َ ُ‪ L‬ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫Œ ا ْ َ? ْآ‪ُ !َVَ َB‬‬
‫‪ّJ‬‬
‫َ َ‪ " ْR َ2‬ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْ ُV َ R‬دِ‪َ "ْVُ %8‬و َذِ ‪ْ8َ َZ‬م ا ْ َ‬
‫`‪َ-5َ ِ َ5‬ا‬
‫^ َ‪َ . Rْ0‬و َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫@"َ ‪َ :‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‡ َ‪َD‬لَ َ‬
‫َأ ْ‪َ )َِV‬أ ُآ‪ِ )ِD %‬ز‪َ8‬دَة ِ‪ ْA‬دِ‪ِ A?ََD َ%%8‬إذَا ُأ ْآ ِ َ; ‪ْ)َX ;َ ْV8ُ ْ َ Lُ  fَِD‬ء ِإ  ََ َ‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬أُ‬
‫‪ْ#‬ن َ‬
‫= َ‪َ ْ َCْ َG َ%Q‬‬
‫= َ ‪َ :‬‬
‫‪ِ ََ ُ/"ْ ِ !َُhَD ًB8ِr‬ء" َو‪َ َ0‬ل ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م َأ ْ‬
‫@ َ‪ُ ُC‬د َ‬
‫@"َم َ ََأ ‪َ ًB8َِr‬و َ‬
‫‪ o8ِJ‬ا ِ‪ِ " R‬إن ا ْ ِ‪ْ f‬‬
‫ا ْ َ ْ‪ !َ%C‬ا ْ َ‬
‫ ِإ ‪ُV‬‬
‫‪ ْ َ #‬ا ْ ‪hَg‬ب َ‪َ َD‬ل ‪َ َ8 :‬أ‪ ِA‬ا ْ ُ ‪َ ِ%Aِ ْE‬‬
‫‪َm ْ#‬رِق ْ ‪َ5ِX‬ب ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ َG :‬ء َر‪ ْAِ ;ُG‬ا ْ َ‪ُ5‬د ِإ َ! ُ‬
‫‪َ ِ"ْ
Aُ ْ {ْ0َ ْ#‬‬
‫ا ْ ُ‪َ {ْ َ C‬‬
‫ي ‪ .َ8n‬؟ ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ " L َْ0‬ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪ُV%8‬‬
‫‪ Z‬ا ْ َْم ‪ًِ#‬ا ‪َ َ0‬ل َوَأ ّ‬
‫‪ َْ-g‬ذَِ َ‬
‫‪ َ`Cْ Aَ َ%ْ َ"#‬ا ْ َ‪ُ5‬د َ‪َ َِ ْR ََ2‬‬
‫ن ‪ِ )ِD .َ8n‬آَ ُ‪َ ْ َ ْV‬‬
‫َْ َءُو َ‬
‫@" َ ‪ -‬وَا
‪ .َ#‬ا ِ)‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ - L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َ : َ #‬واَ "‪ِ L‬إ) َ َ?‪ َ"ْ#‬ا ْ َْم ا ‪ِ-‬ي َ‪َ ْR ََ2‬‬
‫َوَأ ْ َ ْ‪ََD " )ِ َ Cْ ِ ْVُ ْ "ََ# R‬لَ ُ‬
‫‪ْ#‬ن ِ ِ‪َ . L‬و َروَا‪e‬‬
‫‪َ ْ َْCG‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪B‬ح َ‬
‫‪ ْ َ
J‬ا ‬
‫ي ‪ َْ#‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ . .َC ُ G‬وَ َروَا‪ ُe‬ا ْ ُ‪ِ َgB‬ر ّ‬
‫`‪َْ8 )ِD .َDَ َ# .‬م ُ‬
‫‪ِ #‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫َ‪َ َ5ِD ْR ََ2‬‬
‫@َْن ا ْرِي‬
‫‪ُ c8ِm‬‬
‫‪َ ِ 
ْ َ ْ%#‬ه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪َ ْAِ .َ8‬‬
‫‪َ ِ"ْ
Aُ ْ {ْ0َ ْ#‬وَ ْ‪ v‬ا ْ ُ‪ِ َgB‬ريّ ِ‬
‫) َأ ْ‪ُُm ْAِ ًa8‬ق َ‬
‫ي وَا ‪ّ <ِ َ
%‬‬

"ِ وَا ْ ِ‪ّ -ِ A‬‬
‫َأ ْ‪ْ Aُ ًa8‬‬
‫‪ِ : َ #‬إ) َ َ?‪ِ= َ"ْ#‬‬
‫‪َْ-g‬هَ ‪ًِ#‬ا َ‪َ َD‬ل ُ‬
‫ن ‪َ  َِ َ%ِD ْR َ2َ َ ْ َ .َ8n‬‬
‫‪َm ْ#‬رِق ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ ْRَ َ0 :‬ا ْ َ‪ُ5‬د ِ ُ‪ : َ َ C‬ا "‪ِ L‬إ  ُ‪َ َْ ْV‬ءُو َ‬
‫‪َ {ْ0َ َْ#‬‬
‫‪ Z‬آَن‬
‫‪ّX‬‬
‫@ َْن ‪َ :‬وَأ ُ‬
‫‪َ .َDَ#‬وَأَ َواَ "‪َ َ0 . .َDَCَ ِ L‬ل ُ‬
‫‪ُ o‬أْ ِ‪ْ8َ ْR َ2‬م َ‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و@َ" َ ‪ُ ْ َ= -‬‬
‫ َر@ُل ا "‪َ - L‬‬
‫ُأ ْ ِ‪َ ْR َ2‬وَأ ْ‪ُ َ8‬أْ ِ‪َ ْR َ2‬وَأ ْ‪َ 8‬‬
‫‪eََBO‬‬
‫‪َ Z‬ه;ْ َأ ْ‬
‫‪X‬‬
‫‪َ o‬‬
‫= ْ ُ‬
‫ن ‪ )ِD‬ا وَا‪َ َ َ 5ُ َD .َ8‬ر‚عٌ َ‬
‫ن آَ َ‬
‫= َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪ِ L‬إ ْ‬
‫ن َر ِ‬
‫@ َْ َ‬
‫‪ُ Z‬‬
‫‪‚X‬‬
‫‪َ .َC ُ 6‬أ ْم َ " ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪ " ْVُ %8‬ا ْ€‪َ .َ8‬و َ‬
‫َ‪ْ8‬م ا ْ ُ‬
‫‪154‬‬

‫= َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪ِfَD . L‬ن‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ِريّ َر ِ‬
‫ُر َ‬
‫‪َ-َ5Dَ .َC ُ G‬ا ‪َ َA‬أ‪ْ 8َ Lُ َO‬‬
‫ن َ‪ْ8‬م ُ‬
‫=‪ .6‬ا ْ َدَاع آَ َ‬
‫‪َ )ِD ŠVX‬آْن ا ْ ُ‪ُ0‬ف ‪َ )ِD‬‬
‫ن َ‬
‫‪َ َZ ِ-َ ِ Lُ g‬أمْ َ َوِإنْ آَ َ‬
‫‪ُ ْ X‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪َ Z‬أ=َدِ‪ََAُ o8‬ا َِة َ‬
‫ 
َ وَ َ ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ ُ َ‪َ5‬ء َو َ‪َ ْ0‬و َر َدتْ ‪ )ِD‬ذَِ َ‬
‫^‪َJ‬ب ا ْ َ ‪َ/‬زِي وَا ‬
‫ أَ ْ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ِD ]ِ"َ g‬أ=َ ِ‪ْ A‬‬
‫َه‪َ-‬ا َأ‪ُ"Cْ Aَ ْA‬م َ‪ُhْ A‬ع ِ ِ‪ْ 8َ ْ َ L‬‬
‫=‪ِ َ%َQ‬اْ‬
‫= َ‪ُْC8َ )ِ%Q‬ب ْ ِإَْاهِ َ‬
‫‪َ : 8ِG‬‬
‫‪َ . َ ُ# ْ#‬و‪َ0‬لَ ِاْ َ‬
‫‪َ ْr‬و‪َ LْG‬‬
‫‪َ ْAِ o8ِJ‬‬
‫ي َه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ‬
‫^‪َ َ5J‬واَ "‪َ L‬أ‪َ .َ"ْ#‬و َ‪ُ ْ0‬ر ِو َ‬
‫`‪ِ )ِD ّZ‬‬
‫‪َ ُ8‬‬
‫@‪َJ‬ق ْ =َ َ‪- .َX‬‬
‫‪َ - 8ِG‬و ُه َ ِإ ْ‬
‫‪َ ْ َْCG‬‬
‫@‪َJ‬ق ‪َ َ0‬ل َأُ َ‬

)ّ َأ‪َ ََ Bَ ْO‬أ‪ِ َِA‬إ ْ‬
‫‪َ َB#‬دةُ ْ ُ َ‬
‫‪ُ ََ َBO‬‬
‫@َ" َ‪َ .‬أ ْ‬
‫‪َ ََ َBO‬ر‪َG‬ء ْ َأِ) َ‬
‫‪َ ."َ#‬أ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪ُY‬وا ا ْ َْم ا ‪ِ-‬ي ُأْ ِ‪ِ5ْ "ََ# Lِ ِD ْR َ2‬‬
‫‪َ ْ5ِ ْ"َ#‬ه‪ eِ ِ-‬ا ْ€‪َ %َ َ .َ8‬‬
‫ن ‪َ َْr‬ه ِ‪ eِ -‬ا ْ ُ?‪َ ْR ََ2َ .A‬‬
‫‪ِ - )ِ%Cْ 8َ .َِBَ0 ْ#‬اْ َأِ) ِذ<ْ( ‪َ َ0 -‬ل ‪َ0 :‬لَ َآ‪َ ْ َ (ْC‬أ ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ Rْ ِ"#‬ا ْ َْم ا ‪ِ-‬ي أُ ْ‪Rَ ِ2‬‬
‫‪َ َْ0 : َ #‬‬
‫( ؟ َ‪َ َD‬ل " ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪َ َDَ " ْVُ %8‬ل ُ‬
‫‪َ : َ #‬أيّ ‪َ َ8 .َ8n‬آ ْ‪ُ C‬‬
‫‪ُC ِ َ 6‬نَ ‪َ َDَ Lِ ِD‬ل ُ‬
‫‪ُ-g‬و‪ًِ# ُe‬ا َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫َ‪َ  ِD‬‬
‫= َ‪َ%Q‬‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬أُ َ‪َ ْV‬‬
‫‪َ .ِ Cَ ُ 6‬و َ‪ْ8‬م ‪َ .َDَ َ#‬و ِآ"َ ُه َ ِ‪ ِ ْ َJ‬ا "‪َ . ٌِ# َ%َ L‬و‪َ َ0‬ل اِْ ‪َ : 8َِG‬‬
‫وَا ْ َ ‪َV‬ن ا ‪ِ-‬ي ُأ ْ ِ‪ْ8َ )ِD ْR َ2َ َ%Dَ Lِ ِD ْR َ2‬م ا ْ ُ‬
‫‪)ِ َ ْCِ ْVُ ْ َ"#‬‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪ََ َ0‬أ " ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪َ ْVُ %8‬وَأ ْ َ ْ‪َ R‬‬
‫ن ِاْ َ‬
‫‪ #‬ر ُه َ َ‪ )ِ%َ !َ ْA‬هَ‪َ ِX‬أ ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫= د ْ @ََ" َ‪َ .‬‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪َ .َِBَ0‬‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪ْ8َ )ِD ْR َ2َ َ َ5fَِD :‬م‬
‫‪ًِ# َ5Aَْ8 َْ-g‬ا ‪َ ََD‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫‪َ  َِ َ%َْ"#‬‬
‫‪َ R‬ه ِ‪ ِe-‬ا ْ€‪َ .َ8‬‬
‫ي ‪ْ َ َ2َ ْ َ :‬‬
‫@"َم دِ‪َDَ " ً%8‬لَ ‪ِ ُ5َ8‬د ّ‬
‫وَ َر‪ ْVُ َ Rِd‬ا ْ ِ‪ْ f‬‬
‫) =َ  َ‪َ%Q‬‬
‫‪ّ ِ  J‬‬
‫‪ !َJ‬ا ْ ِ‬
‫=  َ‪ْ 8َ َ%Q‬‬
‫= َ‪ ْ !َ@ُA َ%Q‬هَرُون َ‬
‫‪َ . .َC ُ G‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َ‪ُ ْA‬د َو ْ‪َ َ%Qَ  َ= : Lِ 8‬أ=ْ َ ْ آَ‪َ ;ِA‬‬
‫ َ‪ْ8‬م ‪َ ِ#‬و َ‪ْ8‬م ُ‬
‫‪ِ ِ8ْ َ ِ#‬ا ْ‪ِ ْ %َ Q‬‬
‫) ‪َ0‬لَ ‪َ ْRَ 2َ َ :‬ه‪ eِ ِ-‬ا ْ€‪ !َ"َ# .َ8‬رَ@ُل ا "‪- L‬‬
‫‪ّ ِ"#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ .َِ%J‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ َ #‬ا ْ َ‪2B‬ار َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ُ‬
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‫@ َ‪ُ ْ ;ِ#‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬إ ْ‬
‫‪ ْ {َْ0‬ا ِ‪َ I‬‬
‫‪ْ #‬و‬
‫@ َ‪َ ْ ;ِ#‬‬
‫‪َ َ%Qَ  َ= : 8ِG‬أُ ‪ِ - ِAَ#‬إ ْ‬
‫‪ " .َDَ #‬ا ْ َْم َأآْ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪َ " ْVُ %8‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫`‪َ .‬‬
‫‪ِ #‬‬
‫@"َ ‪َ -‬و ُه َ ‪َ ِ<َ0‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا ْ ِ ْ‪َB%‬‬
‫@ َْن َ‬
‫@ ِ َ‪َCAُ I‬وِ‪َ ْ .َ8‬أِ) ُ‬
‫) َأ  ُ‪َ L‬‬

‪ّ ِ ُV‬‬
‫‪ْ #‬و ْ َ‪ {ْ0‬ا ‬
‫‪#‬ش =َ  َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪ #‬ر =َ  َ‪ِ َ%Q‬اْ َ‬
‫) ‪ِ َ%َQ َ= -‬ه`َم ْ َ‬

‪ّ ِ ُV‬‬
‫ا ‬
‫‪َ . .َC ُ G‬و َروَى ِاْ َ‪ْA‬دُ َو ْ‪c8َِm ْAِ Lِ 8‬‬
‫‪َ ََD َ5 َ َ O‬ل َ َ‪ْ8َ )ِD ْRَ 2‬م ‪ْ8َ )ِD .َDَ َ#‬م ُ‬
‫=! َ‬
‫َ‪ِ2َ %ْ 8‬ع ِ َ‪ eِ -ِ 5‬ا ْ€‪ " .َ8‬ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪َ " ْVُ %8‬‬
‫@ ُ َة ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ ْR ََ2َ :‬ه ِ‪ eِ -‬ا ْ€‪ " .َ8‬ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪ُV%8‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ َ
J‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َ0َ ْ#‬دَة َ‬
‫‪ْ #‬و ْ ‪ِ ْ !َ@ُA‬د=َْ‪َ .‬‬
‫@‪َJ‬ق ‪َ َْ#‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ  J‬إ ْ‬
‫ُ‪َ A‬‬
‫@"َ ‪ -‬وَا‪ !َ"َ# ]ِ0‬ا ْ َ ْ‪َA A?ََD ]ِ0‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬وَ َ‬
‫‪َ .َDَ#‬و َر@ُل ا "‪َ - L‬‬
‫@"َم دِ‪ْ8َ " ً%8‬م َ‬
‫‪َ )ِ َ Cْ ِ ْVُ ْ "َ#‬ورَ‪ ْVُ َ Rِd‬ا ْ ‪ْ ِf‬‬
‫َوَأ ْ َ ْ‪َ R‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ‬
‫) َ‬
‫ ْ‪ّ ِ َC%‬‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪ L‬ا ‬
‫=‪َ ْ wَ%‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ #‬ان َ‬
‫‪َ ْ ِ َO ْ#‬أِ) ِ‬
‫) ِ‪ِ c8َِm ْA‬اْ َ‪َ .َCِ5‬‬
‫َروَا ُ‪ِ e‬اْ ‪ 8َِG‬وَاْ َ‪ْA‬دُ َو ْ‪ Lِ 8‬وَا ‪َBَ h‬ا ِ ّ‬
‫ َوُأْ ِ‪ُ@ ْR َ2‬رَة‬
‫‪َْ K‬رًا َ‪ْ8‬م ا ِ ْ‪ِ ْ %َ Q‬‬
‫‪ ;َ O‬ا ْ َ ِ‪ْ8َ .َ%8‬م ا ِ‪َ ِْ %َ ْQ‬و َ‪َ َ D‬‬
‫ َودَ َ‬
‫ج ِ‪ْ8َ .VAَ ْA‬م ا ِ‪ِ ْ %َ ْQ‬‬
‫‪َ َ O‬‬
‫ َو َ‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ُ :‬وِ َ َ ِ‪ْ8َ ْVُ ّ B‬م ا ِ‪ِ ْ%َ ْQ‬‬
‫َ‬
‫= َ =َ  َ‪َ%Q‬‬
‫‪َ . ]ِCd‬و‪ َْ0‬رَوَا‪ ُe‬ا ِْ‪َAf‬م َأ ْ‬
‫@‪َ%‬د‪َ e‬‬
‫‪َ (8ِr‬وِإ ْ‬
‫ ‪َ Lُ  fَِD‬أ‪َ َQ‬‬
‫ ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ "ْ‪ ْVُ َ R‬دِ‪ . ْVُ %8‬وَ ُر ِ‪ Iَ D‬ا ‪-‬آْ َ‪ْ8‬م ا ِ‪ِ ْ َ%ْQ‬‬
‫ا ْ َ ِ<َة ‪َْ8‬م ا ِ ْ‪ِ ْ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪Lْ"َ#‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫)‪َ -‬‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪ :‬وُِ َ ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫) َ‬
‫ ْ‪ّ ِ َC%‬‬
‫=‪ wَ%‬ا ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ ْ #‬ان َ‬
‫‪َ ْ ِ َO ْ#‬أِ) ِ‬
‫= َ‪ِ َ%Q‬اْ َ ‪َ .َCِ5‬‬
‫‪ ْ !َ@ُA‬دَا ُودَ َ‬
‫ َو ُ ُ ‪ْ8َ َ)D‬م‬
‫ َو َ‪ِ 0‬مَ ا ْ َ ِ‪َْ8 .َ%8‬م ا ِ ْ‪ِ ْ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪ًG‬ا ِ‪ِ .VAَ ْA‬إ َ! ا ْ َ ِ‪ْ8َ .َ%8‬م ا ِ ْ‪ِ ْ%َ Q‬‬
‫ج ُ‪ِ َ5A‬‬
‫ َو‪َ َ َO‬‬
‫@ ُ ْ‪ْ8َ َ˜Bِ %‬م ا ِ‪ِ ْ %َ ْQ‬‬
‫ وَا ْ‬
‫َو@َ" َ ‪َْ8 -‬م ا ِ ْ‪ِ ْ َ%Q‬‬
‫‪B#‬س َأرَادَ َأ ‪َ5‬‬
‫‪ . ُ "َ#‬وََ َ‪ِ ; C‬اْ َ‬
‫ ‪َ L" ََD‬أ ْ‬
‫= َ َ َوَ ْ َ‪ْ-8‬آُ ُ‪ُ2‬ول ا ْ َ ِ<َة َ‪ْ8‬م ا ِ‪ِ ْ %َ ْQ‬‬
‫ هَ‪َ-‬ا َ ْ‪َ v‬أ ْ‬
‫@َد َ‪ْ8‬م ا ِ ْ‪ِ ْ %َ Q‬‬
‫‪ َ6J‬ا ْ?َ ْ‬
‫‪ Iَ d‬ا ْ َ‬
‫ا ِ ْ‪ ِْ %َ Q‬وَ َو َ‬
‫{ َذِ ‪ٍ َْ ِ َZ‬م َ‪ُ"Cْ A‬م ‪ ْ%ِ#‬ا ‪%‬س ‪ُQ‬‬
‫‪َ : 8ِG‬و َ‪َ ْ َ ;َ ِ0 ْ0‬‬
‫‪َ . ُ"َ#‬و‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫‪ !َ"#‬ا اوِي َواَ "‪َ L‬أ ْ‬
‫‪َ Lَ Bَ َ X‬‬
‫ َآ َ ََ  َم ‪ْ َD‬‬
‫ ِا ْ‪ِ ْ %َ Q‬‬
‫َ َ‪ْ8َ ْR َ2‬م ‪ِ 8ْ َِ#‬‬
‫‪ ْ%#‬ا ‪%‬س ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ :‬و َ‪ِ ;َ ِ0 ْ0‬إ ‪َ5‬‬
‫{ ِ َْ ٍم َ‪ُ"Cْ A‬م ِ‬
‫‪B#‬س ‪ " L َْ0 )ِD‬ا ْ َْم َأ ْآ َ"ْ‪ ُْV َ R‬دِ‪ُ8َ " ْVُ %8‬ل َ ْ َ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ َ‬
‫) َ‬
‫ ‪ c8َِm‬ا ْ َ‪ّ Dِ ْC‬‬
‫ُر ِويَ ِ‪ْ A‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ِ‪ْ I‬‬
‫‪ َCْ G‬ا ا ِزيّ َ‬
‫‪َ c8ِm‬أَ! َ‬
‫=‪ .6‬ا ْ َدَاع ‪َ Qُ .‬روَا ُ‪َ ْAِ e‬‬
‫@" َ ‪ِ eِ
Aَ )ِD -‬إ َ! َ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ َ"#‬و َ‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ - L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫َ‪َ ْR ََ2‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪Lْ"ََ# L‬‬
‫‪َ !َ"#‬ر@ُل ا "‪َ - L‬‬
‫‪ِ ْg‬ريّ َأ ‪َ ْR ََ2َ َ5‬‬
‫@‪ ِC‬ا ْ ُ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) َ‬
‫ي َ‬
‫‪ c8ِm‬أَِ) هَرُون ا ْ َ‪ّ ِBْ C‬‬
‫َأَ{ ‪َ Rْ"ُ0‬و‪ َْ0‬رَوَى ِاْ َ‪ْA‬دُوَ ْ‪َ ْAِ Lِ 8‬‬
‫` َ ِ‪ ْA‬ذِي‬
‫‪َ #‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) ُه َ ْ‪َ8‬ة َو‪َ Lِ ِD‬أ  ُ‪ L‬ا ْ َْم ا ‪َ ِA‬‬
‫) ‪َ  Qُ " ُeَ َْA‬روَا ُ‪َ e‬‬
‫) " َ‪ُ ْA‬آ‪” "َِCDَ eُ َ ْAَ Rْ%‬‬
‫ ‪َ0‬لَ ِ ‪™ "َِC‬‬
‫‪َ ِ= ™O‬‬
‫‪ُ 8ِr‬‬
‫َو@َ" َ ‪َْ8 -‬م َ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ِD ZX‬و َ ِ‪َ .َ8ْA‬أ ‪ُ َ5‬أْ ِ‪Rَ 2‬‬
‫َاب ا ‪ِ-‬ي َ َ‬
‫‪َ َ K‬ه‪َ-‬ا َو َ َه‪َ-‬ا َ;ْ ا ‬
‫ّ‬
‫=‪ .6‬ا ْ َدَاع َو َ ‪ِ َ8‬‬

"َم ‪َ ْAِ -‬‬
‫‪ Lِ ْ "َ#‬ا ‬
‫ا ْ ‪َ - LCِGْAَ )ِ%ْC8َ .6ِJ‬‬
‫@"َم ُ‪ِ َCA‬و‪َ ْ .َ8‬أِ)‬
‫) ْ َأِ) ‪َ (ِ َm‬وَأول ُ‪ُ"A‬ك ا ِْ‪ْ f‬‬
‫‪ ْ َ #‬ا ْ ‪hَg‬ب َو‪ّ "َِ#‬‬
‫ ُ‬
‫‪َ .َC ُ G‬آ َ ُر ِويَ َذِ ‪َ َZ‬أ‪ ِA‬ا ْ ُ ‪َ ِ%Aِ ْE‬‬
‫ن َ‪ْ8‬م ُ‬
‫َ‪ْ8‬م ‪َ .َDَ َ#‬وآَ َ‬
‫‪(َXَْ= ْ ْ5X‬‬
‫) َو‪ََ0‬دَة ْ ِد‪َ .َAَ#‬و َ‬
‫` ْ‪ّ Bِ C‬‬
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‫‪َ Lُ %ْ #‬وأَرْ َ‬
‫) ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪َd‬‬
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‫@ َُة ْ ُ‬
‫‪B#‬س َو َ‬
‫‪ ْB#‬ا "‪َ ْ L‬‬
‫ن ا ْ ُْ‪n‬ن َ‬
‫‪ُ َ G‬‬
‫@َْن وَ ُْ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫‪ِfDَ ٍ ْQfِ ِ ]َِ6َ Aُ ْr‬ن‬
‫‪َ .َ َ g‬‬
‫‪ْ Aَ )ِD h‬‬
‫‪ُd‬‬
‫= َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪َ L‬و َ‪ُ ْ َ Dَ " L ْ0‬ا ْ‬
‫ي َر ِ‬
‫‪ّ ِBَ h‬‬
‫‪ ْr‬وَا=ِ ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ َ? ِ< ‪ .‬وَا ْ ُ‪َ "َC‬ء وَا‪َ َْO‬ر‪ِ ُe‬اْ ‪ 8َِG‬ا ‬
‫َو َ‬
‫‪ُa‬و َر ٍة أَ ْ ‪ِ Lُ َْ?َ6‬إ َ! َذِ ‪َ%َ Lُ "َDَ َZ‬وُ ‪L‬‬
‫‪َA J‬ت ا ِ) َذآَ َهَ ا "‪َ ِ !َ َCَ L‬‬
‫‪ْ)X‬ء ِ‪َ ْA‬ه‪ eِ ِ-‬ا ْ ُ َ‬
‫‪ُr‬ر َر=ِ " َأيْ َ‪ِ ْ َ D‬ا=َْجَ ِإ َ! َ‪َ%‬وُل َ‬
‫ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫=‪B‬ن‬
‫^‪ِ KِJ‬اْ ِ‬

‪ َ%‬وَ َ‬
‫‪ Lُ %ْ #‬وَ َ‪َ Lُ َ ِ/ْ 8‬و‪ )ِD‬ا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫‪َ6َ َ َD Z‬وَز َ‬
‫‪ ّ َha‬وَا ْ‪َِ D‬ر‪ِ e‬إ َ! ذَِ َ‬
‫َواَ "‪َُr L‬ر َر=ِ َ ُ‪ eْBَ# .َGَ= َ"ْCَ8 !َ َCَ Lُ ?َ ِ L‬ا ْ ُ ْ‬
‫َ‪L‬‬
‫( َأنْ ُ‪ُ !َْE‬ر‪َ LَْO‬آ َ ‪َ eَVْ َ8‬أنْ ُ‪ِ ْCAَ !َْE‬‬
‫ن ا "‪ّ ِJ8ُ L‬‬
‫@" َ ‪ِ " :‬إ ‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫‪َ َ0 ً#ُDْAَ َ #‬ل ‪َ0 :‬لَ َر@ُل ا "‪ !"َ^ L‬ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪َ . " .َDَ #‬و ِ َ‪َ-5‬ا ‪َ0‬لَ ا ْ َُ‪َ5‬ء ‪ُVَ8 ْ0َ :‬ن‬
‫= َ " َ‪ُ ;َBْ 8َ ْ َ ْA‬ر‪ .َْO‬ا "‪ L‬آَنَ ‪ ْAِ Lِ ْ "ََ#‬ا ِْ‪َBِG ;ْAِ ْQf‬ل َ‬
‫=‪B‬ن َو‪ْ ?َ ِ vْ َ )ِD‬‬
‫" َ ْ‪ِ v‬اْ ِ‬
‫‪(َ
J‬‬
‫ف ‪َ L
َْ !َ"َ#‬وَ ْ َ‪َْr ِ68‬هَ َو‪ُV8َ َْ0‬ن َ‪ُ%ْ A‬وً َو َ‪ُV8َ ْ0‬ن ُ‪َ ِ ً=َBA‬‬
‫=َن َو ُه َ ‪ِ َA‬إذَا ‪َ َO‬‬
‫‪ ‰ْCَ )ِD ًBG‬ا ْ ?َ ْ‬
‫َ‪َ%‬وُل ا ْ َ َْ‪ .‬وَا ِ‬
‫`‪َ IَB‬و‪2َ َ َ8‬ود ؟ ‪ !َ"َ#‬أَ ْ‪َ0‬ال َآ َ ُه َ ُ‪َ A‬ر ‪ِ )ِD‬آَب‬
‫`‪َ IَB‬أ ْو ‪ْ َ8‬‬

ّ ِ ِ‪ L‬ا ‪َ cَA‬أوْ َ ُ‪َ L‬أنْ َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫‪ُ"ََO‬ا َه;ْ َ‪َ%َ 8‬وَل ِ‪ْ0َ َ5%ْ A‬ر ‪ُ 8َ َA‬‬
‫=َال وَا ْ‬
‫ا َْ? ْ‬
‫‪َCh‬م‬
‫‪ Z‬ا ‬
‫‪َ26‬اء َأوْ َذ ِ َ‬
‫^ ًْا َو ُه َ ُ‪ِ ْJA‬مٌ َه;ْ َ‪َ%َ 8‬وَل ا ْ َ َْ‪َ .‬أوْ ذَِ ‪ َZ‬ا ْ َو َ‪ Lُ Aَ2ْ"8‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪َCm‬مَ ا ْ َ‪َ ِ ْ /‬أوْ َ‬
‫=‪َV‬م َو‪ِ َ ِD‬إذَا َو‪ .َْ Aَ َ َG‬وَ َ‬
‫ا َْ? ْ‬
‫‪ًAَCm‬‬
‫‪ْX‬ط ‪ََG‬از َ‪َ%‬وُل ا ْ َ َْ‪َ .‬أنْ َ‪َ ُ.Qَ َ"Qَ Lِ ْ "ََ# )ِa ْ 8‬أ‪8‬م َ َ‪َ ِ68‬‬
‫{ ِ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫= َ ُ‪ L‬ا "‪ L‬وََ ْ َ‬
‫) َر ِ‬
‫ ُه َ ِ"` ِ‪ ِCD‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ ََْ0 !َ"#‬‬
‫‪ Lُ َ َ َ َ a‬؟ َ‬
‫َو َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫= َ‪ َ%Q‬ا ْ َ ِ ْ ُ‪َ%Qَ َ= ِ"ْ
A‬‬
‫= َ ‪َ :‬‬
‫‪َ َG Z‬ز َ ُ‪َ L‬و‪َ َ0 َْ0‬ل ا ْ ِ‪َAf‬م َأ ْ‬
‫‪ِ h‬إ َ! ذَِ َ‬
‫‪ُd‬‬
‫‪ْr‬هْ َ;ْ َ‪ُ !َA‬ا ْ‬
‫َآ َ َ‪َ َ َ8 ْ0‬ه ُ‪َ L‬آِ ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ َ‪َC‬ا ّم َو َ‬
‫‪َ5ِ َ%َ ;ّ J‬‬
‫‪ِ َ !َ َ Dَ .ََ g‬‬
‫) َأ ُ‪ُ َ0 ْ5‬ا ‪َ َ8 :‬ر@ُل ا "‪ِ L‬إ ِ?َ ْرضٍ ُِ‪ َ5ِ َ%B‬ا ْ َ ْ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) وَا‪ ِ0‬ا " ْ ِ ّ‬
‫‪َ .h‬‬
‫‪ِ#‬‬
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ن ْ َ‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
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‫‪ّ#‬‬
‫ا ْ َ?وْزَا ِ‬
‫^‪KِJ‬‬
‫@‪َ%‬د َ‬
‫= َ ِ‪َ ْA‬ه‪َ-‬ا ا ْ َ‪َ LْG‬و ُه َ ِإ ْ‬
‫‪ُ َِ J‬ا ِ‪َ َ َ " َ5ِ ْVُ ْ?َ`َD ً"َْ َ5‬د ِ ِ‪َ L‬أ ْ‬
‫‪ُJBِ h‬ا َوَ ْ َ‪ُBِ َ ْ/‬ا َوَ ْ َ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ا ْ َ َْ‪ .‬؟ ‪َ ََD‬ل ‪ِ " :‬إذَا َ ْ َ ْ‬
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‫‪ّ#‬‬
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‫‪ ْ !َ"#‬وَا^ِ; َ‬
‫‪ ْBَ# ْ#‬ا ْ َ? ْ‬
‫‪َ 8ِG‬‬
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‫‪َ ِJ‬‬
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‫‪َ !َ"#‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪
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"ِ ْ َ‪َ َْ# 8ِ28‬أِ) وَا‪َ Lِ ِ ِ0‬و ِ‪ ْAَ ْ 5ُ ْ%A‬رَوَا ُ‪ َْ# e‬ا ْ َ?وْزَا ِ‬
‫‪ْ Aُ ْ#‬‬
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‫‪ِ#‬‬
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ن ْ َ‬
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‫َ‪َ ْ5aْC‬‬
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‫@  َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬ر‪ُ ْ0َ ;ُG‬‬
‫=
ن َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪َ {ُُ8 ْ !َ 
ِ# ْ#‬‬

ِيّ َ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬ه‪%‬د ْ ا ‬
‫‪َ 8ِG‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬أِ) وَا‪َ . Lِ ِ ِ0‬ورَوَا ُ‪ِ e‬اْ َ‬
‫َ‪َ َQْA‬أوْ َأِ) ‪َ َQَْA‬‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ‬
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‫= َ‪ِ َ%Q‬اْ ُ‬
‫=  َ‪ُCْ 8َ َ%Q‬ب ْ ِإ َْاهِ َ‬
‫‪َ : 8ِG‬‬
‫@"ً َو‪َ َ0‬ل ِاْ َ‬
‫=
ن ُ‪َ ْA‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
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‫‪َ ْ#‬ه‪%‬د َ‬
‫َ‪َ َ-D‬آ َ‪َ ُe‬و َروَا ُ‪َ e‬أ ْ‪َ ًa8‬‬
‫= َ‪َ%Q‬‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬أُ ُآ َ‪َ (ْ8‬‬
‫^‪ُB‬حٌ‪َ .‬‬
‫‪ُBr‬قٌ َأوْ َ‬
‫‪َd‬ار َ‬
‫‪ِ26‬ي ِ‪ ْA‬ا ْ ?َ ْ‬
‫ن ‪ : Lِ ِD‬وَ ُ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫‪َ َVDَ Lِ ْ "َ#‬‬
‫@ ُ َة َ‪َ َD‬أْ‪َ L‬‬
‫‪ِ َ
J‬آَب َ‬
‫‪ ْ%#‬ا ْ َ‬
‫‪ْG‬ت ِ‬
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‫‪ ;ّ J‬ا ْ ‪ََJ‬ام ؟ ‪َ َ0‬ل ‪َ َDَ :‬ل ‪:‬‬
‫@" َ ‪َ ََD‬ل ‪ِ 8َ !َAَ :‬‬
‫‪َ Lِ ْ "َ#‬و َ‬
‫) ^َ"! ا "‪َ L‬‬
‫@َ? َل ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫‪َ ً"G‬‬
‫ن رَ ُ‬
‫= ‪ َ%َQ‬ا ْ ‪َ َ
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‫) َ‬
‫ْ( ْ َز‪ ْ8‬ا  ِ ِ ّ‬
‫‪َ J‬‬
‫‪ ْ#‬ا ْ ُ‬
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‫ُه َ‬
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‫‪َ ْ َ #‬‬
‫= َ‪ُ )ِ%Q‬‬
‫@‪َJ‬ق َ‬
‫‪ِ ْ#‬اْ ِإ ْ‬
‫@َ" َ‪َ .‬‬
‫= َ‪َ َ%Q‬‬
‫= َ‪ِ َ%Q‬اْ =ُ َ ْ َ‬
‫" ِإ َ! َ‪ْ8َ !َA‬وِي َأ ْه"َ‪ ْAِ Z‬ا "‪َ َB‬أوْ َ‪)ِ6‬ء ‪َ " ْ5َِA‬‬
‫‪Lَْ"#‬‬
‫= مَ ا "‪َ L‬‬

َِْ‪ )ِD L‬ا ‪ِ-‬ي َ‬
‫@"َ َ‪ْ 8‬‬
‫^"! ا "‪َ Lِ ْ "ََ# L‬و َ‬
‫) َ‬
‫‪َ#‬اب َأَ! ا ‪ّ Bِ %‬‬
‫ن َر‪ ْAِ ً"ُG‬ا ْ َ? ْ‬
‫‪َ LG‬أ ‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ْ#‬وَة ْ ا ‚‪َ َْ2‬‬
‫‪ُ eّG‬‬
‫‪َ ْ#‬‬
‫‪ْ ُ#‬وَة َ‬
‫‪155‬‬

Lْ%Aِ ;ُ‫َ ْ?آ‬Dَ Zَ ‫َم‬Cm
َ !َ ‫ ِإ  َأنْ َْ َِ ِإ‬oِ<َBَg ْ ‫ ا‬Zَْ"#
َ ‫م‬J
َ 8ُ ‫َت َو‬B h ‫ ا‬Zَ ;ّ ِJ8ُ " : َ"@
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ L" ‫^"! ا‬
َ ّ)Bِ % ‫َ َل ا‬Dَ Lُ َ ; َ=‫ِي َأ‬- ‫َوَا‬
: َ "َ@‫ َو‬Lِ ْ "ََ# L" ‫^"! ا‬
َ )
ّ Bِ % ‫َلَ ا‬Dَ ‫َ ؟‬Z ِ‫ْ َذ‬#
َ )ِ%ِ%ْ/8ُ ‫ِي‬- ‫َ<ِ) ا‬%r
َ َA‫ِ ّ; ِ) َو‬J8ُ ‫ِي‬- ‫َ ِْي ا‬D َA‫ َو‬: ;ُG ‫ََ َل ا‬D " Lُ %ْ َ# )ِ%/ْ َ

ْ َ !=
َ
‫ ِإذَا‬Lُ #
ُ ‫ِي َأ َد‬- ‫َ<ِ) ا‬%r
َ َA )
ّ ِ ‫َْا‬#َ? ْ ‫ََ َل ا‬D " Lُ %ْ #
َ )ِ%/ْ َ

ْ َ !=
َ Zَ ‫َ ََا‬A Z"ْ‫ْ َأه‬Cِ ْm?َDَ ً ْ X
َ Z
َ َِ‫ْ ذ‬Aِ ˆُ"ْBَ Dَ ُLBُ"h
ْ َ ‫َء‬%r
َ ُGَْ Rْ%ُ‫" ِإذَا آ‬
Lّ"‫ ْ
ُر ُآ‬Aَ Lُ  fِDَ Zِ َA ‫َم‬Cm
َ ْAِ Zْ"َ#
َ L" ‫= مَ ا‬
َ َA ْ(%ِ َ ْGَD ;ْ" ‫ْ ا‬Aِ ً0ُBَr Z"ْ‫ َأه‬Rْ8‫ " ِإذَا َر َو‬: َ "@
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ْ"َ#
َ L" ‫^"! ا‬
َ : ‫َ َل‬Dَ LْG
َ ‫َو‬ 
ُVْ?`
َ َD ً"ْ َ ‫ َِ ُا‬J
ْ َ ْ‫`َء " َأو‬Cَ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ِ )ِ%Cْ 8َ " ‫ُِا‬Bَ /ْ َ َْ َA‫ََاء " َو‬/ ْ ‫ ا‬Lِ ِ )ِ%ْC8َ "‫ُا‬JBِ َh
ْ َ ْ َ َA " L ْ0َ !َ%Cْ Aَ ‫=َام َو‬
َ Lِ ِD {
َ ْ"ََD
‫ َُِا‬J
ْ َ ‫ةِ َو‬2َ ْ 5َ ْ ِ ‫َ ُا‬J
ْ َ : LُGْ‫ َأو‬.َCَ ْ‫"َ! َأر‬#
َ ‫ َِ ُا‬J
ْ َ ْ‫ َأو‬L َْ0 )ِ%Cْ 8َ ‫ْف‬J
َ ْ ‫َا ا‬-‫ْوَى َه‬8ُ : 8َِG ْ‫َ َل ِا‬0‫ َو‬. َ5%ْ Aِ ‫ُ"ُا‬VDَ " َ5ِ 
ُ‫َ َل َأ‬0 " َOn o8ِ=
َ " . ِ
ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D ُe‫َا َروَا‬-‫ َآ‬2ْ 5َ ْ ‫ َ ِ; ا‬J
ْ 8َ ‫ِ]ِ َو‬g
ْ  َِ‫َ ِء و‬J ْ ِ ‫ْ َُا‬Jَ ‫ٍ َو‬8ِ`
ْ َ ِ ‫َ‚ا‬J
ْ َ َ‫َء و‬J ْ ‫] ا ْ َء وَا‬
ِ ِg
ْ َ ِ
L‫ ِيّ َأ‬Aِ َC ْ ‫ ا‬Iَْ6ُ ْ ‫ْ ا‬#
َ ‫ث‬J
َ 8ُ )ِ‫ َأ‬RْC ِ @
َ ‫ي‬
ّ ِ ِAَC ْ ‫ ا‬.َBْ #
ُ ْ (ْ‫َ وَه‬%Qَ  َ= ْ‫ْ; ْ ُد َآ‬aَ ْ ‫َ ا‬%Qَ =
َ L" ‫ْ ا‬B#
َ ْ ‫َ هَرُون‬%Qَ =
َ : َ‫دَا ُود‬
eَ

 َD : ْCَ ُ ُ‫َ َل َأ‬0 cِBَ /ْ َ ‫ َو‬KِBَh
ْ َ َ%ْ"0ُ "ْVُ AَCm
َ َA " : َ‫َل‬0 .َْ َ ْ ‫ْ ا‬Aِ َ%َ ;ّ J
ِ 8َ َA : ‫َ َل‬Dَ َ "َ@‫ َو‬Lِ ْ "ََ# L" ‫^"! ا‬
َ L" ‫َأَ! رَ@ُل ا‬
‫ْ آَُا‬5ُ ?َ‫ِ َأُ دَا ُو َد َو َآ‬Lِ ‫ َ َ َد‬. ‫َل‬J ْ ‫ ا‬eِ -ِ ‫َ"َ! َه‬# .َْ َ ْ ‫ْ ا‬5ُ َ ; =
َ َ‫ع َوأ‬
ُ ُ6ْ ‫ك َوَأِ) ا‬
َ ‫ ذَا‬: ‫َ َل‬0 .`
ِ #
َ ‫ََح‬0‫ُْوَة َو‬r ‫َح‬0َ .َBْ#
ُ )ِ
IَB` ‫= ّ ا‬
َ ˆُ"Bْ َ8 !=
َ َ5%ْ Aِ ;ْ‫َاز ا ْ َ?آ‬G
َ ‫َى‬8َ ْAَ Lِ ِ Œ
ّ َJ
ْ 8َ ْ0َ َ‫ْ و‬5َ8َ‫ ِ َ َمِ ِآ‬.َْ َ ْ ‫ْ ا‬5ُ َ ; =
َ َ?َD ْ5ِ ِVْ 8َ َ ً ْ X
َ ‫ن‬
َ ُBِ َ /ْ 8َ ‫ُنَ َو‬JBِ َh
ْ َ8 
َِG ْ#
َ ‫@ َك‬
ِ َ%َQ َ= ‫= د‬
َ َ%Qَ  َ= ;ِ#َ @
ْ ‫ُ@َ! ْ ِإ‬A َ%Qَ =
َ : ‫َ َل َأُ دَا ُو َد‬0 " َOn o8ِ=
َ " .َ"#
ْ ‫ َأ‬L" َ‫ وَا‬cَA ‫
 ا‬
َ ِ Z
َ َِ‫ َ َ ذ‬8َ َ ‫َو‬ 
َ5Bِ=َ^ ِ68َ ْ َ‫َ َهَ َو‬Gَ Dَ َ5Vْ

ِ Aْ ?َDَ َ5َْG‫نْ َو‬fَِD ْR"d
َ )َِ0َ ‫ُ; ِإن‬G‫ َر‬Lُ َ ‫ََ َل‬D eُ ُ ََ‫ َوو‬Lُ "ُ‫ َأ ْه‬Lُ َCAَ ‫َة َو‬J ْ ‫ َل ا‬2َ َ ً"ُG‫ن َر‬
 ‫@ ُ َة َأ‬
َ َْ#
‫@?َل‬
ْ ‫=! َأ‬
َ َ : ‫َ َل‬0 Lُ "ُ‫َ ْ?آ‬%Dَ َ5 ْJ َ‫َ َو‬5 ْJX
َ ‫=! ُ َد‬
َ َ5g
ْ "ُ@
ْ ‫ ُا‬: Lَ‫ْ َأ‬A‫ ِا‬Lُ َ ْR ََDَ ْRََ َ%Dَ !ََ?َD َ‫ْه‬J
َ ْ‫ ِا‬Lَ‫ َأ‬Aْ ‫ ِا‬Lُ َ ْRَ ََD ْRd
َ ِ َ Dَ 
َ5Bِ=َ^ ‫َ َء‬6Dَ ‫َ َل‬0 "َ‫ُ"ُه‬VDَ " : َ‫َل‬0 َ : ‫َ َل‬0 " Zِ%ْ/8ُ !ً%r
ِ ‫ْك‬%#
ِ ْ;‫ " َه‬: ‫َ َل‬Dَ Lُ ََ?

َ Dَ ُeََ?Dَ َ "َ@‫ِ َو‬Lْ "َ#
َ L" ‫^"! ا‬
َ L" ‫رَ@ُل ا‬
‫ة‬Aُ َ5%ْ Aِ ‫و‚د‬2َ  ‫ وَا‬IَB` ‫َز ا َْ?آْ; وَا‬68ُ ْAَ Lِ ِ Œ
ّ َ J
ْ 8َ ْ0َ ‫ َو‬Lِ ِ ‫ َ َ َد‬. Zْ%Aِ Rَْ J
ْ َ @
ْ ‫ ِا‬: َ‫َل‬0 ‫َ ؟‬5ْJ
َ َ Rْ%ُ‫ َه" آ‬: ‫َ َل‬Dَ َBg
َ ْ ‫ُ ا‬eَ Bَ ْO?َDَ
RَV@
َ ‫ َو‬Lُ َ Z
َ َِ‫ح ذ‬
َ َ‫َْ َأ‬0 L" ‫ن ا‬
 fَِD L" ‫ ا‬.ِ َ 
ِ Cْ َ ِ ‫ط‬
ٍ َCَ Aُ ْ‫ ٍ " َأي‬Qْ ِf ِ ]َِ6َ Aُ ْr
َ " L ْ0َ ‫ َو‬. ُ"َْ#‫ َأ‬L" َ‫َ َوا‬5ْ َ‫ج ِإ‬
ُ َِ ْ=ِ ‫ ا‬Lِ % ‘
َ !َ"#
َ (ِ"/ْ 8َ 
َA .َ8€ْ ‫ِ ا‬e-ِ 5َ ِ ‫@ َ َل‬
ْ ‫ْ ِا‬0َ ‫َُر رَ=ِ " َو‬r L" ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ ِإ‬Lِ ْ "ََ# ْQ‫َ"َ ِإ‬D ٍ‫َد‬# َ ‫غ َو‬
ٍ َ ْr
َ  ُhd
ْ ‫ َ ْ ُا‬Dَ " ‫ ََة‬Bَ ْ ‫ِ) @ُرَة ا‬D َ‫َل‬0 َ َ‫َ آ‬O€ْ ‫ْ ا‬#
َ 
َ"ْ#‫ َأ‬L" َ‫َ^ِ) َوا‬C َ ْ ِ ‫َل‬%ُ َ ‡َO‚ ‫ن ا‬
 ?َ ِ َ

 ‫‡ِ ا‬O
َ ‫ْ ُر‬Aِ ‫`)ْ ٍء‬
َ ِ ‡Oَ َ 8َ َ ِeِ َ

َ ِ )ِ^َC ْ ‫ن ا‬
 ?َِ ‫َُل‬8 .
Allah informs His servants that He forbids consuming the mentioned types of foods, such as
the Maytah, which is the animal that dies before being properly slaughtered or hunted. Allah
forbids this type of food due to the harm it causes, because of the blood that becomes clogged
in the veins of the dead animal. Therefore, the Maytah is harmful, religiously and physically,
and this is why Allah has prohibited it. The only exception to this ruling is fish, for fish is
allowed, even when dead, by slaughtering or otherwise. Malik in his Muwatta, also Abu
Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah in their Sunan, Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn
Hibban in their Sahihs, all recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah was
asked about seawater. He said,
«Lَُ ْ Aَ ;‚ ِJ ْ ‫ ا‬eُ ‫َ ُؤ‬A ‫ُ ُر‬5h ‫» ُه َ ا‬
(Its water is pure and its dead are permissible.) The same ruling applies to locusts, as proven
in a Hadith that we will mention later. Allah's statement, 
َ‫وَا م‬
(blood...) This refers to flowing blood, according to Ibn `Abbas and Sa`id bin Jubayr, and it is
similar to Allah's other statement, 
ً=ُ

ْ A ًA‫ َد‬
(Blood poured forth...) Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn `Abbas was asked about the spleen
and he said, "Eat it.'' They said, "It is blood.'' He said, "You are only prohibited blood that
was poured forth.'' Abu `Abdullah, Muhammad bin Idris Ash-Shafi`i recorded that Ibn
`Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«‫ل‬Jَh ‫ ُ وَا‬Bِ Vَ ْ َD ِ‫َن‬A ‫ ا‬A‫ َوَأ‬،ُ‫َاد‬6
َ ْ ‫ وَا‬Z
ُ َ

 َD ِ‫ ا ْ َ ْ ََن‬A?َ َD ،ِ‫َن‬A‫ ََْنِ َو َد‬Aَ َ% َ ; ِ=‫»ُأ‬
(We were allowed two dead animals and two (kinds of) blood. As for the two dead animals,
156

they are fish and locust. As for the two bloods, they are liver and spleen.) Imam Ahmad bin
Hanbal, Ibn Majah, Ad-Daraqutni and Al-Bayhaqi also recorded this Hadith through `AbdurRahman bin Zayd bin Aslam, who is a weak narrator. Allah's statement, 
ِ8ِ2%ِg ْ ‫ َ ا‬J
ْ َ‫ َو‬
(the flesh of swine...) includes domesticated and wild swine, and also refers to the whole
animal, including its fat, for this is what the Arabs mean by Lahm or `flesh'. Muslim recorded
that Buraydah bin Al-Husayb Al-Aslami said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«LِA‫ ِ َو َد‬8ِ2ْ%g
ِ ْ ‫ِ ا‬J
ْ َ )ِD ُeَ 8َ ˆَ Bَ ^
َ َ  َ?Vَ Dَ ،ِِX‫ْ َد‬% ِ (
َ Cِ َ ْAَ »
(He who plays Nardshir (a game with dice that involves gambling) is just like the one who
puts his hand in the flesh and blood of swine.) If this is the case with merely touching the flesh
and blood of swine, so what about eating and feeding on it This Hadith is a proof that Lahm
means the entire body of the animal, including its fat. In is recorded in the Two Sahihs that
the Messenger of Allah said,
«‫َم‬%^
ْ ?َْ ‫ ِ وَا‬8ِ2ْ%g
ِ ْ ‫ وَا‬.ِ َ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ِ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ ا‬Iَ َْ َ‫= م‬
َ W
َ ‫نا‬
 ‫»ِإ‬
(Allah made the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and idols illegal.) The people asked, "O
Allah's Messenger! What about the fat of dead animals, for it was used for greasing the boats
and the hides; and people use it for lanterns'' He said,
«‫ ُه َ =ََام‬،َ »
(No, it is illegal.) In the Sahih of Al-Bukhari, Abu Sufyan narrated that he said to Heraclius,
Emperor of Rome, "He (Muhammad) prohibited us from eating dead animals and blood.''
Allah said, 
ِLِ Lِ " ‫ ْ ِ ا‬/َ ِ ; ‫َ€ ُأ ِه‬A‫ َو‬
(And that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for other than Allah.) Therefore, the
animals on which a name other than Allah was mentioned upon slaughtering it, is
impermissible, because Allah made it necessary to mention His Glorious Name upon
slaughtering the animals, which He created. Whoever does not do so, mentioning other than
Allah's Name, such as the name of an idol, a false deity or a monument, when slaughtering, he
makes this meat unlawful, according to the consensus. Allah's statement, 
ُ.َ %ِ َg%ْ ُ ْ ‫وَا‬
(and that which has been killed by strangling...) either intentionally or by mistake, such as
when an animal moves while restrained and dies by strangulation because of its struggling,
this animal is also unlawful to eat. 
ُ‫ُ َذة‬0ْ َ ْ ‫وَا‬
(or by a violent blow...) This refers to the animal that is hit with a heavy object until it dies.
Ibn `Abbas and several others said it is the animal that is hit with a staff until it dies. Qatadah
said, "The people of Jahiliyyah used to strike the animal with sticks and when it died, they
157

would eat it.'' It is recorded in the Sahih that `Adi bin Hatim said, "I asked, `O Allah's
Messenger! I use the Mi`rad for hunting and catch game with it.' He replied,
«Lْ"‫"َ َ ْ? ُآ‬Dَ ٌ-ِ0‫  َ ُه َ َو‬fَD Lِ d
ِ َْCَ ‫ب‬
َ َ^‫ َوِإنْ أ‬،ُL"ْ ُVDَ ‫َق‬2َgDَ ِ‫َاض‬Cْ ِ ْ ِ R
َ ْ Aَ ‫»ِإذَا َر‬
(If the game is hit by its sharp edge, eat it. But, if it is hit by its broad side, do not eat it, for it
has been beaten to death.) Therefore, the Prophet made a distinction between killing the
animal with the sharp edge of an arrow or a hunting stick, and rendered it lawful, and what is
killed by the broad side of an object, and rendered it unlawful because it was beaten to death.
There is a consensus among the scholars of Fiqh on this subject. rAs for the animal that falls
headlong from a high place and dies as a result, it is also prohibited. `Ali bin Abi Talhah
reported that Ibn `Abbas said that an animal that dies by a headlong fall, "Is that which falls
from a mountain.'' Qatadah said that it is the animal that falls in a well. As-Suddi said that it
is the animal that falls from a mountain or in a well. As for the animal that dies by being
gorged by another animal, it is also prohibited, even if the horn opens a flesh wound and it
bleeds to death from its neck. Allah's statement, 
ُIBُ

 ‫َ€ َأ َآ َ; ا‬A‫ َو‬
(and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal,) refers to the animal that was
attacked by a lion, leopard, tiger, wolf or dog, then the wild beast eats a part of it and it dies
because of that. This type is also prohibited, even if the animal bled to death from its neck.
There is also a consensus on this ruling. During the time of Jahiliyyah, the people used to eat
the sheep, camel, or cow that were partly eaten by a wild animal. Allah prohibited this
practice for the believers. Allah's statement, 
ُْ ْ‫َ َذ آ‬A [ ‫ِإ‬
(unless you are able to slaughter it,) before it dies, due to the causes mentioned above. This
part of the Ayah is connected to, 
ُIBُ

 ‫َ€ َأ َآ َ; ا‬A‫ َو‬.ُ J
َ ِh% ‫ وَا‬.ُ 8َ ‫ُذَ ُة وَا ْ ُ ََد‬0ْ َ ْ ‫ وَا‬.ُ َ %ِ َg%ْ ُ ْ ‫وَا‬
(and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by
the goring of horns - and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal.) `Ali bin Abi
Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on Allah's statement, 
ُْ ْ‫َ َذ آ‬A [ ‫ِإ‬
(unless you are able to slaughter it, ) "Unless you are able to slaughter the animal in the cases
mentioned in the Ayah while it is still alive, then eat it, for it was properly slaughtered.''
Similar was reported from Sa`id bin Jubayr, Al-Hasan Al-Basri and As-Suddi. Ibn Jarir
recorded that `Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "If you are able to slaughter the
animal that has been hit by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the gorging of horns
while it still moves a foot or a leg, then eat from its meat.'' Similar was reported from Tawus,
Al-Hasan, Qatadah, `Ubayd bin `Umayr, Ad-Dahhak and several others, that if the animal
that is being slaughtered still moves, thus demonstrating that it is still alive while slaughtering,
then it is lawful. The Two Sahihs recorded that Rafi` bin Khadij said, "I asked, `O Allah's
Messenger! We fear that we may meet our enemy tomorrow and we have no knives, could we
slaughter the animals with reeds' The Prophet said,
158

«.َ`Bَ َJ ْ ‫ ُ َى ا‬Dَ ُ ُY
‚ ‫ ا‬A‫ َوَأ‬،ٌY
ْ Cَ َD 
‚ 

‫ ا‬A‫ َأ‬:Z
َ ِ‫ْ ذ‬#
َ ْVُ Qُ =
َ ?ُ@
َ ‫ َو‬،َُY
‚ ‫ وَا‬
 
‫{ ا‬
َ ْ َ ،ُeُ"Vُ Dَ ،ِLْ "ََ# W
ِ ‫@ُ ا‬
ْ ‫ وَ ُذآِ َ ا‬،َ‫ َ ا م‬5َ ْ ‫َ َأ‬A»
(You can use what makes blood flow and you can eat what is slaughtered with the Name of
Allah. But do not use teeth or claws (in slaughtering). I will tell you why, as for teeth, they are
bones, and claws are used by Ethiopians for slaughtering.)'' Allah said next, 
ِ(
ُ %‚ ‫"َ! ا‬#
َ K
َ ِ ‫َ ُذ‬A‫ َو‬
(and that which is sacrificed on An-Nusub. ) Nusub were stone altars that were erected around
the Ka`bah, as Mujahid and Ibn Jurayj stated. Ibn Jurayj said, "There were three hundred
and sixty Nusub around the Ka`bah that the Arabs used to slaughter in front of, during the
time of Jahiliyyah. They used to sprinkle the animals that came to the Ka`bah with the blood
of slaughtered animals, whose meat they cut to pieces and placed on the altars.'' Allah forbade
this practice for the believers. He also forbade them from eating the meat of animals that were
slaughtered in the vicinity of the Nusub, even if Allah's Name was mentioned on these animals
when they were slaughtered, because it is a type of Shirk that Allah and His Messenger have
forbidden.
Allah said, 
ِ‫
ُاْ ِ ”[زْ َ[م‬
ِ َْ

ْ َ ْ‫ َوَأن‬
((Forbidden) also is to make decisions with Al-Azlam) The Ayah commands, "O believers! You
are forbidden to use Al-Azlam (arrows) for decision making,'' which was a practice of the
Arabs during the time of Jahiliyyah. They would use three arrows, one with the word `Do'
written on it, another that says `Do not', while the third does not say anything. Some of them
would write on the first arrow, `My Lord commanded me,' and, `My Lord forbade me,' on the
second arrow and they would not write anything on the third arrow. If the blank arrow was
picked, the person would keep trying until the arrow that says do or do not was picked, and
the person would implement the command that he picked. Ibn `Abbas said that the Azlam
were arrows that they used to seek decisions through. Muhammad bin Ishaq and others said
that the major idol of the tribe of Quraysh was Hubal, which was erected on the tip of a well
inside the Ka`bah, where gifts were presented and where the treasure of the Ka`bah was kept.
There, they also had seven arrows that they would use to seek a decision concerning matters
of dispute. Whatever the chosen arrow would tell them, they would abide by it! Al-Bukhari
recorded that when the Prophet entered Al-Ka`bah (after Makkah was conquered), he found
pictures of Ibrahim and Isma`il in it holding the Azlam in their hands. The Prophet
commented,
ِ ْ َ

ْ 8َ ْ َ َ 5ُ  ‫َِ" ُا َأ‬# َْ َ W
ُ ‫ ُ ا‬5ُ "َََ0» (May Allah fight them (the idolaters)! They know that
«‫َ َأ ًَا‬5ِ َ

they never used the Azlam to make decisions. ) Mujahid commented on Allah's statement, 

ُاْ ِ ”[زْ[َم‬
ِ ْ َ

ْ َ ْ‫((  َوَأن‬Forbidden) also is to make decisions with Al-Azlam,) "These were arrows
that the Arabs used, and dice that the Persians and Romans used in gambling.'' This
statement by Mujahid, that these arrows were used in gambling, is doubtful unless we say that
they used the arrows for gambling sometimes and for decisions other times, and Allah knows
best. We should also state that Allah mentioned Azlam and gambling in His statement before
the end of the Surah (5:90, 91), 
‫َـ‬hْ `
 ‫ُ ا‬8ِ8ُ َ ‫ ِإ‬- َ‫ُن‬J"ِ ُْ ْVُ "Cَ َ eُ ُBِ%َ G
ْ َD 
ِ ‫َـ‬hْ`
 ‫ َ ;ِ ا‬#
َ ْA ٌ{ْG‫ب وَا ”[زْ َ[ ُم ِر‬
ُ َ”[‫
ُ وَا‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ُ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ُاْ ِإ  َ ا‬%Aَ n َ8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8
159 

‫ن‬
َ ُ5َ %‚A ُْ ْ ‫;ْ َأ‬5َ َD ِ‫ِ ا "َة‬#
َ ‫ َو‬Lِ " ‫َ ِذ ْآِ ا‬# ْ‫ ُآ‬
ُ 8َ ‫ 
ِ َو‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ِ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ِ! ا‬D ‫َ€ َء‬a/ْ Bَ ْ ‫ََا َوةَ وَا‬C ْ ‫ُ ُ ا‬V%َ ْ َ Iَ ِ0ُ8 ‫أَن‬
(O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling, and Al-Ansab,
and Al-Azlam are an abomination of Shaytan's handiwork. So avoid that in order that you
may be successful. Shaytan wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with
intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah
and from the Salah (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain) In this Ayah, Allah said, 
ٌc

ْ Dِ ْVُ ِ‫
ُاْ ِ ”[زْ َ[ ِم َذ‬
ِ َْ

ْ َ ْ‫ َوأَن‬
((Forbidden) also is to make decisions with Al-Azlam, (all) that is Fisq.) meaning, all these
practices constitute disobedience, sin, misguidance, ignorance and, above all, Shirk. Allah has
commanded the believers to seek decisions from Him when they want to do something, by first
worshipping Him and then asking Him for the best decision concerning the matter they seek.
Imam Ahmad, Al-Bukhari and the collectors of Sunan recorded that Jabir bin `Abdullah said,
"The Prophet used to teach us how to make Istikharah (asking Allah to guide one to the right
action), in all matters, as he taught us the Surahs of the Qur'an. He said, 
ِA Z
َ َُ?@
ْ ‫ َوَأ‬،َZِ َ‫ك ِ ُْر‬
َ ‫ َوَأ@ْ َ ِْ ُر‬،َZ ِ "ْ ِCِ َ‫ِ ُك‬gَ @
ْ ‫  ِإ) َأ‬5ُ " ‫ ا‬:ْ;َُ ْ  Qُ ،ِ.a
َ 8َِ ْ ‫ْ ِ ا‬r
َ ْAِ 
ِ ْ َ Cَ ْ‫ْ َرآ‬I‫"َْْ َآ‬Dَ ِ Aْ ?َْ ِ ْ‫= ُ ُآ‬
َ ‫»ِإذَا َه  َأ‬
)ِD )ِ ٌْ َO L @ L
8‫ َ و‬Aُ ?َْ ‫َا ا‬-‫ن َه‬
 ‫َ"ُ َأ‬Cْ َ R
َ %ْ ‫  ِإنْ ُآ‬5ُ " ‫ ا‬،ِ‫ُب‬/ُ ْ ‫" ُم ا‬#
َ R
َ ْ ‫ َوَأ‬،ُ"َ#
ْ ‫َْ" ُ َو َ َأ‬Cَ ‫ِ ُر َو‬0ْ ‫ َ ِْ ُر وَ َ َأ‬Z
َ fَِD ،ِِYCَ ْ ‫ ا‬Z
َ ِ"ْaDَ
L‫َْ" ُ َأ‬Cَ R
َ %ْ ‫  َوِإنْ ُآ‬5ُ " ‫ ا‬،ِLِD )ِ ْ‫  َ ِرك‬Qُ ،)ِ eُ ْ 

َ8‫ َو‬،)ِ eُ ْ‫ُر‬0ْ َD Lِ "ِِGnَ‫ِي و‬Aْ ‫;ِ َأ‬G
ِ َ# :‫َل‬0 ْ‫ِي َأو‬Aْ ‫ َأ‬.ِ Bَ ِ0َ#‫ِ) و‬XَCAَ ‫ِ) َودُ َْيَ َو‬%8ِ‫د‬
«Lِ )ِ%d‫  َر‬Qُ ،َ‫ آَن‬o
ُ ْ =
َ َ ْg
َ ْ ‫) ا‬
َ ِ ْ‫ُر‬0ْ ‫ وَا‬،)%#
َ Lُ Dْ ِ ^
ْ ‫ وَا‬،ُL%ْ َ# )ِ%Dْ ِ ْ^َD ،‫ِي‬Aْ ‫ َأ‬.ِ Bَ ِ0َ#‫ِ) َو‬XَCAَ ‫ِ) َو ُد َْيَ َو‬%8ِ‫ِ) د‬D )ِ ”X
َ
(If anyone of you thinks of doing any matter, he should offer a two Rak'ah prayer, other than
the compulsory, and say (after the prayer) `O Allah! I ask guidance from Your knowledge,
from Your ability and I ask for Your great bounty, for You are capable and I am not, You
know and I do not, and You know the Unseen. O Allah! If You know that this matter (and one
should mention the matter or deed here) is good for my religion, my livelihood and the
Hereafter (or he said, `for my present and later needs') then ordain it for me, make it easy for
me to have, and then bless it for me. O Allah! And if You know that this is harmful to me in
my religion and livelihood and for the Hereafter then keep it away from me and let me be
away from it. And ordain whatever is good for me, and make me satisfied with it.') This is the
wording collected by Ahmad, and At-Tirmidhi said, "Hasan Sahih Gharib.''
Allah said, 
ُْV%ِ 8ِ‫ِ د‬A ْ‫َ َآ َُوا‬8ِ- ‫{ ا‬
َ ِ 8َ ‫ا ْ َْ َم‬
(This day, those who disbelieved have given up all hope of your religion;) `Ali bin Abi Talhah
reported that Ibn `Abbas said that the Ayah means, "They gave up hope that Muslims would
revert to their religion.'' This is similar to the saying of `Ata' bin Abi Rabah, As-Suddi and
Muqatil bin Hayyan. This meaning is supported by a Hadith recorded in the Sahih that states,
«ُ5َ%ْ َ ِw8ِJ
ْ  ِ ِْV َ‫ و‬،ِ‫ َب‬Cَ ْ ‫َ ِة ا‬8ِ2G
َ )ِD ‫ن‬
َ ‚"
َ ُ ْ ‫ُ ا‬eَ Bُ Cْ 8َ ْ‫{ َأن‬
َ ِ 8َ ْ0َ ‫ن‬
َ َhْ `
 ‫ن ا‬
 ‫( »ِإ‬Verily, Shaytan has given up
hope that those who pray in the Arabian Peninsula, will worship him. But he will still stir
trouble among them.) It is also possible that the Ayah negates the possibility that the
disbelievers and Shaytan will ever be like Muslims, since Muslims have various qualities that
contradict Shirk and its people. This is why Allah commanded His believing servants to
observe patience, to be steadfast in defying and contradicting the disbelievers, and to fear
none but Allah. Allah said,
160 

‫`ْن‬
َ O
ْ ‫ْ`َ ْ ُهْ وَا‬gَ َTDَ  (So fear them not, but fear Me.) meaning, `do not fear them when you
contradict them. Rather, fear Me and I will give you victory over them, I will eradicate them,
and make you prevail over them, I will please your hearts and raise you above them in this life
and the Hereafter.'
Allah said, 
%8ِ‫ َم د‬T
َ@
ْ Mِ ‫ُ ُ ا‬V َ R
ُ ِd‫ َ ِ! وَ َر‬Cْ ِ ْVُ ْ َ"#
َ R
ُ ْ َ ْ َ‫ْ َوأ‬Vُ َ%8ِ‫ْ د‬Vُ َ R
ُ "ْ َ ْ‫( ا ْ َْ َم َأآ‬This day, I have perfected your religion
for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.) This,
indeed, is the biggest favor from Allah to this Ummah, for He has completed their religion for
them, and they, thus, do not need any other religion or any other Prophet except Muhammad .
This is why Allah made Muhammad the Final Prophet and sent him to all humans and Jinn.
Therefore, the permissible is what he allows, the impermissible is what he prohibits, the Law
is what he legislates and everything that he conveys is true and authentic and does not contain
lies or contradictions. Allah said; 
[ْ#
َ ‫ً َو‬0ْ^
ِ Z
َ  ‫ َر‬.ُ َ "ِ‫ َآ‬R
ْ  َ َ‫( و‬And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice,)
meaning, it is true in what it conveys and just in what it commands and forbids. When Allah
completed the religion for Muslims, His favor became complete for them as well. Allah said, 
%8ِ‫ َم د‬T
َ@
ْ Mِ ‫ُ ُ ا‬V َ R
ُ ِd‫ َ ِ! وَ َر‬Cْ ِ ْVُ ْ َ"#
َ R
ُ ْ َ ْ َ‫ْ َوأ‬Vُ َ%8ِ‫ْ د‬Vُ َ R
ُ "ْ َ ْ‫( ا ْ َْ َم َأآ‬This day, I have perfected your religion
for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.)
meaning, accept Islam for yourselves, for it is the religion that Allah likes and which He chose
for you, and it is that with which He sent the best of the honorable Messengers and the most
glorious of His Books. Ibn Jarir recorded that Harun bin `Antarah said that his father said,
"When the Ayah, 
ُV%َ 8ِ‫ْ د‬Vُ َ R
ُ "ْ َ ‫( ا ْ َْ َم َأ ْآ‬This day, I have perfected your religion for you...) was revealed, during the
great day of Hajj (the Day of `Arafah, the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah) `Umar cried. The
Prophet said, `What makes you cry' He said, `What made me cry is that our religion is being
perfected for us. Now it is perfect, nothing is perfect, but it is bound to deteriorate.' The
Prophet said,
«Rْ0َ ^
َ » (You have said the truth.)'' What supports the meaning of this Hadith is the authentic
Hadith,
«‫ ََء‬/ُ ْ" ِ !َُhDَ ،ًB8ِr
َ ‫ُ ُد‬Cَ @
َ َ‫ و‬،ًB8ِr
َ ‫@"َمَ َ ََأ‬
ْ ِf ْ ‫ن ا‬
 ‫( »ِإ‬Islam was strange in its beginning and will return
strange once more. Therefore, Tuba for the strangers.) Imam Ahmad recorded that Tariq bin
Shihab said, "A Jewish man said to `Umar bin Al-Khattab, `O Leader of the Believers! There
is a verse in your Book, which is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to us,
we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed) as a day of celebration.' `Umar bin
Al-Khattab asked, `Which is that verse' The Jew replied, s 
!ِ َ Cْ ِ ْVُ ْ َ"#
َ R
ُ ْ َ ْ ‫ْ َوَأ‬Vُ %َ 8ِ‫ْ د‬Vُ َ R
ُ "ْ َ ‫ا ْ َْ َم َأ ْآ‬
(This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you...) `Umar
replied, `By Allah! I know when and where this verse was revealed to Allah's Messenger . It
was the evening on the Day of `Arafah on a Friday.''' Al-Bukhari recorded this Hadith
through Al-Hasan bin As-Sabbah from Ja`far bin `Awn. Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i
also recorded this Hadith. In the narration collected by Al-Bukhari in the book of Tafsir,
161

through Tariq, he said, "The Jews said to `Umar, `By Allah! There is a verse that is read by all
of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it
was revealed) as a day of celebration.' `Umar said, `By Allah! I know when and where this
verse was revealed and where the Messenger of Allah was at that time. It was the day of
`Arafah, and I was at `Arafah, by Allah.'' Sufyan (one of the narrators) doubted if Friday was
mentioned in this narration. Sufyan's confusion was either because he was unsure if his
teacher included this statement in the Hadith or not. Otherwise, if it was because he doubted
that the particular day during the Farewell Hajj was a Friday, it would be a mistake that
could not and should not have come from someone like Sufyan Ath-Thawri. The fact that it
was a Friday, is agreed on by the scholars of Sirah and Fiqh. There are numerous Hadiths
that support this fact that are definitely authentic and of the Mutawatir type. This Hadith was
also reported from `Umar through various chains of narration.
Allah said, 
ِ=‫ُرٌ ر‬r
َ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬fِDَ ٍ Qْ Uِ ]
ٍ ِ َ6َ Aُ َ ْ r
َ .ٍ 
َ َ g
ْ Aَ !ِD  ُhd
ْ ‫ َ ِ ا‬Dَ  (But as for him who is forced by severe
hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat these above mentioned animals), then surely,
Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) Therefore, when one is forced to take any of the
impermissible things that Allah mentioned to meet a necessity, he is allowed and Allah is OftForgiving, Most Merciful with him. Allah is well aware of His servant's needs during dire
straits, and He will forgive and pardon His servant in this case. In the Musnad and the Sahih
of Ibn Hibban, it is recorded that Ibn `Umar said that Messenger of Allah said,
«Lَُ 
ِ ْCAَ !َْEُ ْ‫ُ َأن‬eَ Vْ 8َ َ ‫ َآ‬Lُ ُ َO
ْ ُ‫َْ! ر‬Eُ ْ‫( َأن‬
‚ J
ِ ُ8 W
َ ‫نا‬
 ‫( »إ‬Allah likes that His Rukhsah (allowance) be
used, just as He dislikes that disobedience to Him is committed.) We should mention here that
it is not necessary for one to wait three days before eating the meat of dead animals, as many
unlettered Muslims mistakenly think. Rather, one can eat such meat when the dire need
arises. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Waqid Al-Laythi said that the Companions asked, "O
Messenger of Allah! We live in a land where famine often strikes us. Therefore, when are we
allowed to eat the meat of dead animals'' The Prophet replied,
«َ5ِ ْVُ ُ ْ?`
َ Dَ ً"َْ ‫ َِ ُا‬g
ْ َ ْ َ‫ َو‬،‫ُا‬Bِ َ /ْ َ َْ ‫ َو‬،‫ُا‬JBِ َh
ْ َ ْ َ ‫( »ِإذَا‬When you neither find food for lunch and
dinner nor have any produce to eat, then eat from it.) Only Imam Ahmad collected this
narration and its chain meets the criteria of the Two Sahihs. Allah said, 
ْQUِ ]
ٍ ِ َ6َ Aُ َ ْ r
َ  (with no inclination to sin,) meaning, one does not incline to commit what Allah
has prohibited. Allah has allowed one when necessity arises to eat from what He otherwise
prohibits, under the condition that his heart does not incline to eat what Allah prohibited.
Allah said in Surat Al-Baqarah, 
ِ=‫ُرٌ ر‬r
َ Lَ " ‫ن ا‬
 ‫ ِإ‬Lِ ْ "َ#
َ َQْ ‫َ ِإ‬TDَ ‫َ ٍد‬# [َ ‫غ َو‬
ٍ َ َ ْ َr  h
ُd
ْ ‫ا‬
ِ َ Dَ  (But if one is forced by necessity without willful
disobedience nor transgressing due limits, then there is no sin on him. Truly, Allah is OftForgiving, Most Merciful.) Some scholars used this Ayah as evidence that those who travel for
the purpose of committing an act of disobedience are not allowed to use any of the legal
concessions of travel, because these concessions are not earned through sin, and Allah knows
best

162

27. QS Al Maaidah 5:46 
ِA Lِ 8ْ َ8َ 
َ ْ َ َ  ً0
َ ُA‫ ُهًى َوُرٌ َو‬Lِ ِD ;َ ِ6ِU‫ ا‬Lُ ‫َـ‬%َْ ‫ ا َْرَا ِة وَءَا‬
َ Aِ Lِ 8ْ َ 8َ 
َ َْ َ  ً0
َ Aُ َ 8َ ْAَ 
ِ ْ ‫َ
َ! ا‬Cِ ِ‫َـ ِه‬Q‫"َ! ءا‬#
َ َ%ْ  َ0‫َو‬ 
ِ ُ "ْ  .ً Y
َ#
ِ ْAَ ‫ا ْرَا ِة َو ُهًى َو‬
5:46. Dan Kami iringkan jejak mereka (nabi-nabi Bani Israel) dengan Isa putra Maryam, membenarkan kitab
yang sebelumnya, yaitu: Taurat. Dan Kami telah memberikan kepadanya Kitab Injil sedang di dalamnya (ada)
petunjuk dan cahaya (yang menerangi), dan membenarkan kitab yang sebelumnya, yaitu Kitab Taurat. Dan
menjadi petunjuk serta pengajaran untuk orang-orang yang bertakwa.
(46. And in their footsteps, We sent `Isa, son of Maryam, confirming the Tawrah that had come before him, and
We gave him the Injil, in which was guidance and light and confirmation of the Tawrah that had come before it,
a guidance and an admonition for those who have Taqwa.) 

‫ 
ا آ‬ 
ِA Lِ 8ْ َ8َ 
َ ْ َ َ ِ ً0
َ Aُ ‫ ُهًى َوُرٌ َو‬Lِ ِD ;َ ِ6ْ ِfْ ‫ ا‬eُ َ%ْ َnَ‫ ا ْرَا ِة و‬
َ Aِ Lِ 8ْ َ 8َ َْ َ َ ِ ً0 
َ Aُ َ 8َ ْAَ 
ِ ْ ‫ِ
َ! ا‬Cِ ْ‫َرِ ِه‬Qn !َ"#
َ َ%ْ َ0َ‫و‬ 
ِ ُ "ْ ِ .ً Y
َ#
ِ ْAَ ‫ا ْرَا ِة َو ُهًى َو‬
‫ ا راة" أي‬A L88   0A 8A ‫
! ا‬C " ;<‫) إ@ا‬% ‫ء‬B‫) أ‬%C8 ‫ره‬Qn !"# %CB‫ " أي أ‬%0‫ ! " و‬C ‫ل‬8
;=‫ت و‬5B` ‫ ا‬. ‫) إزا‬D L ‫ء‬a
8 ‫ ور‬cJ ‫ هى ور " أي هى إ ! ا‬LD ;6U‫ ا‬e%n‫ " و‬5D    ‫ =آ‬5 %AEA
‫ آا‬A ‰C ;<‫) إ@ا‬%B   A ;" ‫) ا‬D [‫ إ‬5D  ] gA r 5 CBA ‫ ا راة أي‬A L88   0A‫ت و‬TV` ‫ا‬
‫ا آن‬-5 ‫ " و‬V"# ‫ي =م‬- ‫‰ ا‬C V ;=M‫) إ@ا<; " و‬%B : ‫ل‬0 L‫ أ‬K
‫ ا‬# ‫را‬BO‫ ! إ‬C ‫ل‬0  ‫ آ‬LD ‫"ن‬g8
;6U‫ ا‬%"CG‫ "  " أي و‬.Y#A‫ ! " وهى و‬C L 0‫م ا راة و‬V=‫‰ أ‬C — 
;6U‫" ء أن ا‬C ‫ل ا‬0 A ‫ر‬5` ‫ا‬
L#‫ و‬e#‫ف و‬O‫ و‬W‫ "  أي  ا! ا‬Q€ ‫رم وا‬J ‫ب ا‬V‫ ار‬# ‫ا‬G‫ أي زا‬.Y#A‫ و‬L ‫ى‬58 ‫ هى‬.
Allah said, 
َ%ْ  َ0‫(  َو‬and We sent...) meaning, We sent 
ِ‫َـ ِه‬Q‫"َ! ءَا‬#
َ  (in their footsteps) meaning the Prophets of the Children of Israel, 
‫ ا َْرَاة‬
َ Aِ Lِ 8ْ َ8َ 
َ ْ َ َ  ً0
َ Aُ َ 8َ ْAَ 
ِ ْ ‫َ
َ! ا‬Cِ  (`Isa, son of Maryam, confirming the Tawrah that had
come before him,) meaning, he believed in it and ruled by it. 
‫ ُهًى َوُر‬Lِ ِD ;َ ِ6ِU‫ ا‬Lُ ‫َـ‬%َْ ‫( وَءَا‬and We gave him the Injil, in which was guidance and light) a
guidance that directs to the truth and a light that removes the doubts and solves disputes, 
‫ ا ْرَاة‬
َ Aِ Lِ 8ْ َ 8َ َْ َ َ  ً0َAُ ‫(  َو‬and confirmation of the Tawrah that had come before it,) meaning,
he adhered to the Tawrah, except for the few instances that clarified the truth where the
Children of Israel differed. Allah states in another Ayah that `Isa said to the Children of
Israel, 
ُVْ "َ#
َ ‫= َم‬
ُ ‫ِي‬- ‫‰ ا‬
َ Cْ َ ُV َ ; =
ِ [” ‫(  َو‬. ..and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you.)
So the scholars say that the Injil abrogated some of the rulings of the Tawrah. Allah's
statement, 
ِ ُ "ْ  ٌ.َY#
ِ ْAَ ‫( وَ ُهًى َو‬a guidance and an admonition for those who have Taqwa.) means, We
made the Injil guidance and an admonition that prohibits committing sins and errors, for
those who have Taqwa of Allah and fear His warning and torment

163

28. QS A L - M A A I D A H 5:90 
‫ُن‬J"ِْ ُ ْVُ "َC َ ُeُB%ِ َ ْGَD 
ِ ‫َـ‬hْ `
 ‫ َ ِ; ا‬#
َ ْA ٌ{G
ْ ‫ب وَا ”[زْ َ[ ُم ِر‬
ُ َ”[‫ 
ُ وَا‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ُ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ُاْ ِإ  َ ا‬%Aَ n 
َ 8ِ- ‫َ ا‬58‚ ?َ‫َـ‬8
5:90. Hai orang-orang yang beriman, sesungguhnya (meminum) khamar, berjudi, (berkorban
untuk) berhala, mengundi nasib dengan panah, adalah perbuatan keji termasuk perbuatan
setan. Maka jauhilah perbuatan-perbuatan itu agar kamu mendapat keberuntungan.
(90. O you who believe! Khamr, Maysir, Ansab, and Azlam are a Rijs of Shaytan's handiwork.
So avoid that in order that you may be successful.) 
‫ 
ا آ‬
ْVُ "َC َ eُ ُB%ِ َ ْGَD ِ‫َن‬hْ ` ‫ َ ;ِ ا‬#
َ ْAِ ٌ{G
ْ ‫ب وَا ْ?َزْ َمُ ِر‬
ُ َْ َ? ْ ‫
ُ وَا‬
ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ ْ ُ وَا‬g
َ ْ ‫ُا ِإ  َ ا‬%Aَ n َ8ِ- ‫َ ا‬5‚8‫َ َأ‬8
)ِd‫َ ِ( َر‬m )ِ‫) ْ َأ‬
ّ "َِ# 
َ ِ%Aِ ْE ُ ْ ‫ِ ا‬A‫ْ َأ‬#
َ َ‫ْ َو َرد‬0َ ‫ ْ وَا ْ َ ْ
ِ وَ ُهَ ا ْ ِ َر َو‬g
َ ْ ‫ِ) ا‬mَCَ ْ#
َ 
َ ِ%Aِ Eْ ُ ْ ‫ ا‬e‫َد‬B#
ِ ً‫َ َ! َ ِه‬Cَ ‫ُل‬8َ
Lِ‫ْ َأ‬#
َ  J
َ Aُ ْ َCْ G
َ ْ#
َ َِ= ْ#
َ ‫ْ=ُم‬Aَ ْ !َ 
ِ# ْ#
َ Lِ ِ‫ْ َأ‬#
َ َِ= )ِ‫ ِاْ َأ‬eُ ‫ْ ا ْ َ ْ
ِ َروَا‬Aِ Œَْh
ْ` 
‫َ َل ا‬0 Lُ  ‫ َأ‬Lُ %ْ َ# L" ‫ا‬
‫َوُس‬m‫َهِ َو‬6Aُ ‫َء َو‬h#
َ ْ#
َ oْ َ ْ#
َ ‫@َْن‬
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َ Iِ‫َ َوآ‬%Qَ  َ= )
ّ

ِ َ =
ْ َ? ْ ‫ِ; ا‬#َ @
ْ ‫َ  ْ ِإ‬JAُ َ%Qَ  =
َ َِ= )ِ‫َ َل ِاْ َأ‬0‫ َو‬Lِ ِ )
ّ "َِ# ْ#
َ 
ْC@
َ ْ ِX‫ْ رَا‬#
َ ‫ي‬
َ ‫َْ ِز وَ ُر ِو‬6 ْ ِ ‫َن‬Bْ  
‫( ا‬
َ Cِ َ !=
َ ِ 
ْ َ ْ ‫ْ ا‬Aِ َ 5ُ Dَ ‫ْ ا ْ ِ َر‬Aِ ‫)ْء‬X
َ ;ّ ‫ ُآ‬: ‫َ ُا‬0 ْ5ُ ْ%Aِ ِْ َ%Qْ ‫@ َْن َأوْ ِا‬
ُ ‫َ َل‬0 
َ ُ# ِْ‫ْ ا‬#
َ IِDَ ْ#
َ .َBْ#
ُ ْ !َ@ُA ‫َ َل‬0‫َْن َو‬B 
‫َ ا‬5ِ (َC"ْ َ )ِ ‫ْ‰ ا‬Bَ ْ ‫َْز وَا‬6 ْ ‫َب وَا‬CVِ ْ ‫=! ا‬
َ : َ َ0‫ َو‬L"ْAِ (ِB=
َ ْ ‫ ْ َة‬d
َ َ‫و‬
‫@ْ"َم‬fِ ْ ‫ِ)ء ا‬6Aَ !َ ‫ ِإ‬."ِ‫َ ِه‬6 ْ ‫ِ) ا‬D ‫ن‬
َ ‫ُو‬Aَ ََ َ8 ‫ ا ْ َ ْ
ِ ُه َ ا ْ ِ َر آَُا‬: َ‫َل‬0 ‫س‬B#
َ ْ‫ْ ِا‬#
َ ‫ك‬Ja
 ‫َلَ ا‬0‫َلَ ا ْ َ ْ
ِ ُه َ ا ْ ِ َر َو‬0
;ْ‫ ْ
ِ َأه‬Aَ ‫ن‬
َ َ‫ آ‬: ‫ُل‬8َ (

َ ُ ْ ‫ِ ْ ا‬C@
َ Iَ ِ @
َ Lُ  ‫ َأ‬: ْ
َ ُJ ْ ‫َْ دَا ُو َد ْ ا‬# Zِ َA ‫َ َل‬0‫ َو‬.َJِBَ ْ ‫"َق ا‬O
ْ َ? ْ ‫ ا‬eِ ِ-َ‫ْ ه‬#
َ L" ‫َ ُهْ ا‬5َ%Dَ 
ْ ِ@َ ْ ‫َ َل ا‬0‫َال وَا  َر َو‬Aْ َ? ْ ‫"َ! ا‬#
َ ‫ح‬
ِ ‫ْب ِ ْ َِا‬a
 ‫َ َل ا ْ َ ْ
ِ ا‬0 ‫َج‬#
ْ ?َْ ‫َْ ا‬# ‫ي‬
ّ ِ ‫ ْه‬2‚ ‫َ َل ا‬0‫ َو‬. 
ِ ْ َ ` ‫ْ ِ `ةِ وَا‬J" ‫ ا‬IِB8َ ."ِ‫َ ِه‬6 ْ ‫ا‬
‫َدِي‬82 ‫ُْر ا‬%Aَ ْ َ ْ=‫َ َأ‬%َQ َ= َِ= )ِ‫َلَ ِاْ َأ‬0‫ ِاْ َأِ) =َِ َو‬
 ‫ْ ا ْ َ ْ
ِ َروَا ُه‬Aِ َ 5ُ Dَ ‫"َة‬
 ‫ْ ا‬#
َ َ‫ و‬L" ‫ْ ِذآْ ا‬#
َ !َ5 ْ ‫َ َأ‬A  J
َ Aُ
!َ@ُA )َِ‫ْ أ‬#
َ َ.Aَ َA‫ْ َأِ) ُأ‬#
َ ِ@َ ْ ‫ْ ا‬#
َ 8ِ2َ8 ْ )
ّ "َِ# ْ#
َ .َVِ َC ْ ‫ ْ َن ْ َأِ) ا‬#
ُ َ%Qَ =
َ .َ0َ ^
َ َ%Qَ  َ= ‫ ر‬#
َ ْ ‫َ ِه`َم‬%Qَ  َ=
o8ِ=
َ " ِ 
ْ َ ْ ‫ْ ا‬Aِ َ5fَِD ‫ًْا‬G‫َ َز‬5ِ َGْ28ُ )ِ ‫ ا‬.َAُ@ْ َ ْ ‫َب ا‬CVِ ْ ‫ ا‬eِ -ِ ‫ُا َه‬B%ِ َ G
ْ ‫ " ِا‬: ‫َ َل‬0 َ "@
َ َ‫ و‬Lِ ْ َ"َ# L" ‫) ^َ"! ا‬
ّ Bِ % ‫ْ ا‬#
َ ّ‫ ِي‬Cَ X
ْ ?َْ ‫ا‬
L" ‫َلَ َر@ُل ا‬0 : ‫َ َل‬0 )
ّ ِ "َ@
ْ َ? ْ ‫ْ( ا‬
َ ُJ ْ ‫َ َة ْ ا‬8ْ َُ ْ#
َ ِ"

ْ Aُ KِJ^
َ )ِD Lِ ِ o8ِJ
َ ْ ‫ِي َو َردَ ا‬- ‫ْد ا‬% ‫َا ُه َ ا‬-5َ ِ ‫( َوآََ?ن ا ْ ُ َاد‬8ِr
َ
‫) َأِ) دَاوُد‬
ْ َ%%َ @
ُ ‫= َ َو‬
ْ ‫َ َأ‬%

ْ Aُ ‫ َو‬Zِ َA ?mَ Aُ )ِD‫" َو‬LA