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The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin
The POSTMASTER: MetropolitanMuseumof Art. 95). 03079. Associate Editor: JoannaEkman. Insidebackcover:Detail of a silverhandle (no. 10028. and extend access to The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin ® www. First Street. New York.The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin Volume XLII.N. Chief Photographer.from UniversityMicrofilms. Fifth Avenueat 82nd Street. Single copies $4. N. preserve. Salem.Publishers. Subscriptions $18. N. Michigan. Send addresschangesto MembershipDepartment.Y.00 a year. GeneralManagerof Publications:John P. O'Neill. Yee. 313 N. 101). Number 1 (ISSN 0026-1521) Publishedquarterly? 1984 byThe MetropolitanMuseumof Art. Volumes I-XXVIII (1905-1942) availableas a clothbound reprintset or as individualyearly Summer 1984 volumes from The Ayer Company.jstor.Y.75. Second-classpostage paid at New York. 11379. 2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Photograph Studio. Editor in Chief of the Bulletin:Joan Holt. On thecover:Scyllahurlinga rock. Photography of the Treasuryobjects by WalterJ. Backissuesavailableon microfilm.. Design: Bruce Campbell. New York. F. Fifth Avenueand 82nd Street. 130). Ann Arbor. 99 Main Street. Inside front cover:Detail of a swordsheath(no. Box 700.Y. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin is provided as a benefit to Museum members and availableby subscription. N. 91). Fourweeks'notice requiredfor changeof address.Inc.N. Backcover:Parcel-giltpyxis (no.H. or from the Museum. 10028. Middle Village.org . and Additional Mailing Offices. a parcel-giltemblema(no.Y.
exhibited in the Egyptian Galleriesand the Achaemenidand Sasaniansilver vessels on displayin the recentlycompletedinstallationof ancientNearEasternart. The foundationof our Greekand RomanTreasuryis the metalworkacquiredthroughLuigiPalmadi Cesnolaasearly as 1874. these include the gold jewelry and paraphernaliaof the Egyptianpharaohsand their queens. RockefellerWing and the eighteenth-centurysilverobjects from Franceand England displayedin the galleriesof the Departmentof EuropeanSculptureand DecorativeArts. and throughpurchases. The realization of the Museum's most recent and ambitioustreasuryinstallationwas madepossible through the generosityof Gayfrydand SaulSteinbergand Reliance GroupHoldings. Since then this collectionhas grown throughgifts by private individuals. Mr. preserve. It will proveto be a uniqueanddazzlingexperience: on displayhere arenot only magnificentceremonialobjects for offerings to the gods but also splendidutilitarianones for the more mundane rituals of the banquet.is extraordinaryboth in the aggregateand in its individualpieces.There aretimes. In other collections in the Museum. and extend access to The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin ® www.I regard them as makingup one immensetreasury.mainlythoseof the department'spresent chairman. however.andthe toilette.whenit is impossibleto hold suchanunbiasedview of the collections.come to mind immediately.The splendidchurchtreasuriesin the galleriesof the Departmentof MedievalArt and at The Cloisters. The Greekand RomanTreasury. particularlythose of Dynasty 18. For many visitors the Greek and Roman Treasurywill providea firstcontactwith the wealthof the ancientclassical world. including Walter C.The new installationof GreekandRoman gold andsilverobjectscelebratedin thisBulletincausesme to considerthe numberof enclaveswithin this "immensetreasury"thatthemselvesbringtogetherluxuriousobjectsmade of the most preciousmaterialsand executedwith consummate craftsmanship.jstor.Director's Note One of the privilegesof the directorof the Metropolitan Museumis to enjoy.representingthe glorious culminationof years of gifts and purchases.with a certaindegreeof impartiality. the symposium. von Bothmer'sacumenmaybe found in the qualityand range of his acquisitionsand in the exceedinglygenerous supporthe has elicitedfrom collectorsandother friendsof the Departmentof Greekand RomanArt.org . the whole of this institution'smagnificentcollections. as CharlesFroom's installationsuccessfullyrevealsand as the illustrationsand textsin this publicationamplydemonstrate. Baker.An eloquenttestimonyto Dr.with their refulgentenamelsand finelywrought chalices. Steinberg'sspecialand continuing interest in the Museum's permanent collections is deeplyappreciated. PHILIPPE DE MONTEBELLO Director 3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize.importantconcentrationsof precious materialshavebeen integratedinto their culturalcontexts.Equallyresplendentare the gold andsilverobjectsof Pre-Columbiancivilizationsof the Americasexhibitedin the MichaelC. Inc.Dietrichvon Bothmer.
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Looting could at times be avoided by burying treasures beforean invasion. Both metalsareverymalleableandtakeon a high polish.and the like-and thereforeresemblesmuch post-classicalgold andsilver.Coinageoriginatedin AsiaMinorin the middleof the seventh century B.and.C. silver. palladium. and the golden rule.whilethe wealthof Rome in gold derivedincreasinglyfrommilitaryconquests.the golden mean. of course.there are golden hours.Though Greece herselfwas not so fortunateas her richerneighbors. which was promptlymelted down. in the reignof King Croesusof Lydia(560-546 B.as is proved by the many findsof gold objectsin Mycenaeand elsewhere.to ItalyandMagnaGraecia.Germany.Wespeak of the GoldenAge. buriedobjectsstood a betterchanceof preservation. ladles. and.laterin the land of the Scythians.. or the privateloot of soldierson a rampage. when the ancientcities on the west coastofAnatoliainventeda systembasedon the distribution of smalllumps of electrum.their prices (andtheirsometimeswildfluctuations)arestilldetermining economicfactors. and a lost warinevitablyled to plunder-either the legitimatebooty of the victor. the GoldenLegendof the Saints(LegendaAurea). the gold standard.Gold is found eitherin a purestateor in a natural alloy. Another differencelies in their appearance. Together. as opposed to fifty for a gold.andplatinum-only the firsttwo."Laterstill. Most of our ancientplate is tableware-cups. Not all periods are equally well representedin the Museum.to Ionia and beyondthe Greekmainland.5.Many of the hoardsof Romansilverfound in Britain.less perfectage of the world. pitchers. accordingto Hesiod. golden weddings.Sardis.irridium. Geographically the new exhibition coversmost of the areasandperiodsin the careof the Greek and RomanDepartment.Theselumpswerefurnishedwith an identifying punchmarkand used as a mediumof exchange.Someof the objectshaverecorded find spots.Theyspantwo anda halfmillenniaandrepresentthe holdingsof the Greek andRomanDepartment. In thisBulletinovera hundredvasesandutensils-mostly madeof silver-are illustratedanddescribed. Silverin Latindenotesthe second floweringof Latinliterature. 35) Oppositepage: varyingforms continued for centuriesuntil a little over a hundredyearsago.In times of need gold andsilverobjects weremelteddown to payfor the necessitiesof life or armaments.now exhibitedfor the firsttime in a galleryadjacentto the GreatHall.gold and silversymbolizewealth.and was probablyminedin northernItaly. but manymore can only be ascribedto an area and dated to a stylisticperiod. gold and silver.anda silveranniversarystands for twenty-five years.The primitivepunch marksweregraduallyreplacedby distinctivesymbolsof the cities that issued these electrum"coins.which in Trefoiloinochoe (no.C. does not tarnish. is consideredsecondto it: the SilverAge.Silver. In termsof collecting. Their ductilitywas not known or appreciatedin antiquity. or the Wettingenfindof 1633.however. whichwas parceledout amongthe Swisscantonsandhasdisappeared. The very value of the metal broughtwith it the seeds of its own destruction.from the acquisitionby subscriptionof the Cesnola collection of Cypriot antiquitiesin 1874 to the last purchasesof two yearsago.or better put.as in the motto of the stateof Montana:Oroyplata. in the West. While the monetaryvalue of gold and silver and their parityhas changedfrequently.have been esteemedsince remote antiquityand enteredmost languagesin a varietyof expressions.issuedcoins in gold and in silverratherthan in electrum. the choice of objects published here also illustratesthe growth of the Department.In Etruriagold did not become widespreaduntil the seventhcenturyB.taking the placeof the earliertradeby barter.but the rightfulownercouldnot always be sure of his own survival and thus of recovering his propertyonce hostilities had ceased.who in Romantimes proudly paradedit in a triumphalprocessionbeforeturningit over to the state.C. In antiquitygold was firstfound and used in Africaand Arabia.and especiallyin Asia Minor.and Switzerlandwithin the last two centurieswerethussparedthe fateof the treasurefound at Trierin 1628. even when hardenedby the admixtureof other metals.especiallywith silver(electrum). This innovation introduced bimetalism. No modernmuseumcan pretendto give a fair cross section of whatwas once visiblein the greatGreeksanctuariesof DelphiandOlympiaor evenin the templetreasuries of the Acropolis at Athens.In Greekmythologyreportsof regionsrichin gold wereechoedin the storiesof Midas'sgoldentouchand the golden fleece as well as in tales of the griffins and Arimasps.his capitalcity.all of the same (or nearlythe same)weight. with the ratio between the two metals set at 1:13.while silver in time turns blackandis subjectto corrosion.in little more than a hundred years.gold must havefound its way to the country very early.from Cyprusin the southeastern Mediterraneanto the Cycladesand other Greekislands.France.less rarethangold.Gold.Also includedin ourcollection 5 .andthereis relativelylittle gold. but in moderntimes this qualityhasmadethem industrially valuable. wasthe second. Indirectly.for if discoveredby chancetwo thousandyearslaterthey were (at least in most cases) not melted down but entered public collections.silveroccursmostly in lead ore (galena)and has to be separatedfrom the lead sulphideby smelting.).A Greek andRoman Treasury Of the five metals deemed precious today-gold. its conversion. Gold and silver representedwealth throughouthistoric times. bowls.
andwhen Greekworkmanshipwas appreciatedas fareastas Persepolis. Silverandgold dedicatedto the gods did not differ appreciablyin form and workmanshipfrom the table silveronly the richcould affordto haveat their sumptuous banquets.one in silver. 10) Oppositepage: .the island of Euboea.it is saidto come fromthe Troad. 1. chevrons.. wasmeantto be carriedby the swinginghandle. 9-11): one. Bucchero(blackclay) bowl with headsin relief.aswellasanincense burnerthat need not havebeen a cult vessel.C. Phialewith heads (no. 4)-a kantharosanda goblet-are Mycenaeanof about 1500 B. though the shape and schemeof decorationhadlong been traditionalin the Near East. betraysstrong Egyptianinfluence.The manydifferentobjectswereevidentlymadeby Ioniancraftsmen for rich clients on the eastern peripheryof Greece at a time (beforethe Persianconquestof AsiaMinor) when Greekcultureflourishedon both sides of the Aegean Sea.C. are the three bowlsfromCyprus(nos.of the eighth to the sixth centuryB.Two gold cups (nos. 15). reportedlyfrom The earliestsilverphialemesomphalos(no. Another sixth-centurysilvervessel.. representsa curious amalgamof Egyptianand Phoenician motifs. 12) is purely Greek.C.though somewhatsmallersilverdish was found in a tomb on Amorgos. an assemblyof over fiftyvasesandutensilsthathave been acquiredpatientlyover the courseof fifteenyears. 16) 6 Detail of silver-giltbowl (no. and it is thought that these metalbowls areCycladicandshouldbe datedbetween3000 and2300 B.cosmeticboxes.even Persian. Considerably later.perhapsasa cult object. On pages 24 to 45 our archaicEast Greeksilveris introduced.but was probablyused athome.Some of the objectsshow Eastern.Etruscan. and hatched triangles-and resemblesthe ornamentationof contemporary pottery. Earliest among the silver vases from Greece in the Museumaretwo shallowbowls (nos. 2).anda comb. Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia aremirrors. 3.with a centraltondo of a winged divinity slaying a lion and two narrativezones. found with a gold cup and a silver phialethat areboth now in the BenakiMuseumin Athens. The decorationon the two silverbowls and the gold cup is purely linear-vertical lines. of the sixth century B.C.C. a situla (no. Rome.A similar.sixth century B. in gold.
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36) employsa decorativeschemeknownalso frombronzehydriai. 17) shouldbe singledout for specialcomment. 16. which on the 8 Goddess with scepterand phiale. A second oinochoe (no.but while we have some pairsthatwereobviouslymeantassuch. notably the large silver oinochoai with sculptural adjuncts(nos. are purelyGreekin both shapeand style.his long hair falling over the rim of the vase.The upperendof the handleterminates in a lion's head.57.tasteandPersianmotifswerefreelyborrowed. Other phialaiare ornamentedmore sparingly. c. The handlesterminate above in animalheads that seem to bite into the lip of the vase. 38) havecarinatedbodies. Eachof the hollow headscontainsa quantityof tiny bronze pellets that produce a rattling sound when the object is moved.The finialatthe lowerend of the handletakesthe shape of the head and forelegsof a panther. One of the two carinatedjugs hasa frontalheadof Bes as its lowerfinial.that shows the Persianking killing a lion. Red-figuredlekythos (oil container).Others. The two phialaiwith Persianheadsworkedseparately andattachedto the walls (nos. Similarlyvariedarefour silveralabastra(nos. Persianconnectionsarealso evidenton a silver-gilt phiale (no. while his feet rest on a palmette flanked by two rams. 35) with the handlein the shape of a naked youth bending backward. 35-38).Two other wine jugs (nos.thereis much varietyin both shapeanddecoration. In each the body is divided into severalzones. 19) holds the tails of two recumbentlions on the rim. 45-48).11) .C. Attic. 1928 (28.for they correspondto a type ofphiale until now known only from a temple inventoryon Delos. follows a type known in bronze from Cyprusin the East to Spain in the West. 37. 18) that portraysthe greatking marchingto the left between each lobe and on another(no.FletcherFund.however. 470 B. somewhat smaller.The youth Silverbowl (no. on the analogyof water spouts in fountainhousesor along the roofs of Greektemples. The silveroinochoe (no. 19). its mouth opened as if to permanently replenishthe liquidinsidethe vase.
here a duckand a calf. The cover is sur9 .This incense burnerfollows an ancient Egyptiantradition:it washeld in a horizontalposition by a servantor attendantwho would walk through the rooms with it. 13). of bronze)is in the shapeof a cup attachedto a long rod.C. againno two arealike. its perforatedconical coverhingedto the rod bymeansof a leapinganimalwith its head turned back.There are two strainers(nos. wasno doubtset on a table. Among the eight EastGreeksilverladlesin the collection (see nos.One of them (no. 66. 69.Engravedfiguraldecoration also occurs on a silverskyphosof typicallyLydianshape (no. 67) throughwhichwinewaspouredinto drinkingcups.like those on some of the ladles.watch. One (no.Its lid. 490-480 B. 49) and on a smallsilverbowl fromCyprus(no.sculpturedfullyin the round. Most of the EastGreeksilverobjectswereintendedto be used for banquets. 59) is particularlysumptuous:the loop on top is formedby two eagle-griffins. Attic. c. likethe one in bronze.is tiered and perforated.Rogers Fund. two incense burnersshould be noted.246) finestof them (no. 1920 (20.Drawingby LindsleyE Hall of red-figuredkylix (drinkingcup).Of the other utensils used on such occasions.they are in silverandtheirhandles.but insteadof being hinged it was securedto the stand by a small chain. 59-64). 45) areengravedwith animalsanda battle scenethatrecallsthe styleof Clazomenianpaintedterracotta sarcophagi.of which we havemanyrepresentations on vases and reliefs. madeof silver. 68). The other incenseburner(no.andthe facetedhandleterminatesbelow in a winged lion thatseemsto dive into the bowl while two sphinxes. aredecoratedwith animalheads.F pp This representationof a drinkingpartyincludesmanyof the objects in the Treasury.
Slightly later and of unknown provenance is a group of five silver objects (nos. is a group of five vessels from Prusias. The chief decoration is three circles of acorns and a fourth of beechnuts. as are five additional ornamental studs in the center and on the four corners. a kylix. and the pyxis have ornamental bands enhanced by gilding. Libation scene. 480 FletcherFund. or phiale. The heads of the swivel and the locking stud are gilt. Red-figured stamnos (wine jar).C. 81-85)-a cup (kylix). When the box is closed properly. and a phiale-are of silver. and a jar (that once had a handle and served as a pitcher). 70). a bottle. the pitcher. The other objects-a strainer. Also from Eastern Greece. Such a small incense burner occurs. The bottle. thirty-three bees are depicted in the interstices of the row of acorns nearest the edge of the bowl. 86). was a Greek settlement in a notoriously hostile country. is of bronze. Prusias on Hypios. Attic. each containing thirty-three elements. and the box's cover does not open on a hinge but swivels horizontally and is held locked by a movable stud. 72-76). the style of which resembles that of the cocks engraved on the shoulder of one of the silver alabastra (no. as befits a vase that is carried back and forth from the kitchen or pantry to the dining room.50) 10 B. To the realm of cosmetics belongs a rectangular compartmented makeup box of silver (no.171. a ladle. and the collar around the omphalos is decorated with fifteen . anyone unfamiliarwith the locking mechanism would have a difficult time opening it. but almost two centuries later. and the Prusias find is indeed of Greek workmanship. A gold libation bowl (no. 86) mounted by an exquisite statuette of a cock. The situla. 45). a scraper (strigil). closely related to that on the many metal vases found more recently in Northern Greece and Macedonia. One of the dividing walls is notched to hold a special cosmetic spoon. on the fragment of a black-figured hydria in Athens that was found at Clazomenae on the west coast of Asia Minor. a pyxis.Detailof goldphiale(no. In addition. is not only one of the rarest but also one of the most beautiful objects in the exhibition. c. in Bithynia (nos. or wine bucket. formerly called Kieros. 1956 (56. not by coincidence.
perhapsTarentine. 91) 11 . 88) attachedto a wooden backandframedby a cast silver-giltcircularband decoratedin openwork with birds and floral rinceaux. Since this inscriptionmay havebeen addedlater.workmanshipand must havebeen looted somewhereelse in southernItalyby Detail of sword sheath (no. scrolls.of whichfragmentaryreplicasor adaptationsexistin the BritishMuseum.This bowl. bronze and ceramicvessels-five silvervases:a two-handleddeep bowl.but the Carthaginianinscriptionon the bottom is engravedwith characters that epigraphersassignto the third centuryB.butnot long ago an examinationpromptedby our Italiancolleaguesrevealed themto be madeof silveredtin.were hammeredover the same die.A tombdiscoveredin 1895 atMontefortino (see nos.It had long been held that these two phialai. 87) that. now at Oxford. andthis assumptionhasnow been confirmedby the discovery of a gold quiverof "Scythian" shapein the famoustomb at Verginain Macedonia.as we learnnot only from inventoriesof temple treasures. a ladle. 91).weremadeof silver. said to have been found together.circumscribedpalmettes. that seemsto be supportedby the allegationthatthe two phialai were found togetherwith an Attic red-figuredcalyxkrater. the companion piece to which was found in Chertomlykbetween 1859 and 1863.but also from a fragmentarygold phiale now in Warsawthat was found on Cyprusin a late sixthcenturytomb andfromRomancopiesof the caryatidsof the fifth-centuryErechtheumon the Acropolisin Athens.in South Russia.nearAnconain centralItaly. It haslong beenheldthatmuchof the Pyxiswithconicalcover(no. 90). 110-114). Two other richlydecoratedphialai(nos. 108) "Scythian"gold and silverwas workedby Greekcraftsmen. From the far Northeast we now turn to the West. South Russian.The mirroris said to have been found in Olbia.andtwo stemlesscups. On each of them the broaderouter band shows the apotheosisof Heraklesin a cortege of four chariots.C. 89.is from the collection of Joseph Chmielowski. Somewhatlater than the silvered-tinphialaiis a bronze mirror(no.C.There is nothing in the decoration on the gold phiale in the Museumthat allowsus to date it precisely. considerablylaterthanthe mirror.as is a silver-giltbowl (no.a pitcher.includedin addition to iron spits and sword blades. the two differ only in the treatmentof the animalsin the triangulartop section.The silvervasesare clearlyof WestGreek.Acorns as decorationon phialai were traditional. is the decorated gold plate of a Scythiansword sheath (no. illustrateshow the classicalGreekmotifs-here Erotesflying against a backgroundof acanthusleaves.it only furnishesus with a terminuspostquem non. too.while the narrowinnerzone aroundthe omphalosshowsthe gods feastingon Olympus. and fan-shapedpalmettes-become increasinglydebasedat the peripheryof the Hellenisticworld. to MagnaGraecia. like the mirror.by the Dinos Painter. The spiritedhorsesdrawing the chariotspoint to a datein the latefifth centuryB.
two Etruscanblack-glazed vases.one ladle.191) the Gallicsoldierin whose tomb they were found.one shallowphialedecoratedwith a twelvepointed gilt star aroundthe omphalos. andirons.in turn.f l wyears kylix. which supports an attribution of both groups to a workshop.or a workshoptradition. Parallelsfor the polygonal markingson the silverbowl (no.Red-figured vessel). perhapsfrom a helmet madeof bronzeandnow destroyed. one deep-bowled.one hemispherical bowl with two engravedgilt wreathson the outside and polygonal grooves on the body. RogersFund.sharessome of the stylisticconventionswith a findmostlyofterracottavasesfromAlbania.firerakesand tongs.c.8 . one smallportablealtarwith differentreceptacles for various offerings. iEdmond \l which. 97) canbe foundon clayvases 1hemispherical X CorinthandPergamon.113)arenot too farfrom the floraldetailson the amphoriskosandpyxisfromBolsena (nos.three deep bowls with separately workedleaf-rosettesinsidein the center. The sackingof Syracusein 211 B.it also containeda finebronzemirrorandfivebronzevessels.three iron candelabra.but the three silverobjects. 116) "suthina"("for the tomb") was added before they were buried. 118) .mid-fifthcenturyB. once the property of I. ].one tripod pyxiswith a decoratedlid.c. 108). iron utensils. 106) in the Museum.one of which closely resemblesthe two silverbuckets(nos.eachwith threesupportsin the shapeof theatricalmasks. 112.the emblema of a cup or pyxis lid decoratedin high reliefwith a frontal Scylla.one small pitcher with a theatricalmask.Severalfeaturesconnect this group stylisticallywith famous Tarentine treasure.1 1from ~------- i -c . and of Tarantotwo laterled to large-scalelooting of the two most importantGreekcitiesin MagnaGraecia.1906(06.I• V M g-~~ =2 __ Ijl t!? -a X .musthavebeen imports (probably from Apulia).in high reliefbelow the handle. to which the Etruscan inscription Skyphos(no. a perfumeamphoriskos.possibly more narrowlyto Taranto.and. 92-106): two silverbuckets.the tX de Rothschildbut not seen since WorldWarII.canbe madefor fifteensilverobjectsof greatsplendor acquired by the Museum in 1981 and 1982 (nos.six undecorated vases made of local clay.of Magna Graecia.Attic. The bronzes. The floralornamentson the insides of the two stemless cupsfromMontefortino (nos.The same attribution.anda strigil. and a gold ring. Another group of earlyHellenisticsilverobjects (see nos.twelve smallterracottaballs (a set for a game). 105.but the booty carriedoff to Rome atthe sametime openedthe eyesof the Romansto pelike(storage ApolloandArtemisperforminga libation. two horns. a pyxis.not unlikethose on the buckets. 107-109) cameto light in anEtruscantomb at Bolsena.lastly.in Italy. and terracottavases are clearlyEtruscan.1021. 107. stemless 12 Spoutedpitcher(no.
the platterbearsthe nameof Roscia.but the namesareonly partiallylegible. was bought by EdouardWarneckin the late nineteenthcentury.The majorpiecesof this set. 118). is the accountby the writerKallixeinosof the greatprocessionorganizedby KingPtolemyII Philadelphusin Alexandriain 271/270 B. however. the Latinword for gutter.the beautyof Greekart. The second Romanhoard.is a new shape and relativelyrare.Thoughit too hasbeendispersed. 116. One cannot help but wonder what happenedto all those treasures.as the Romans called a silver table service-is divided between the Field Museumof NaturalHistory in Chicago and the Metropolitan (see nos.considerablysmallerthan the Tivolione. 117) invite comparisonwith the similar.a diminutiveoftrua.Its troughlike spout corresponds somewhat to the Roman encyclopedistM.cup (no.and this shapehasthereforeat times been calleda trulla.for thereis nothingin New Yorkthat can be comparedto the HildesheimTreasurein Berlin.a certainSattia.Muchof the gold andsilvermusthavefoundits wayto Rome.are engravedwith the nameof the owner. a platter.The two cups (nos. the ladle.the BerthouvilleTreasurein 13 .: the weight of the gold cups alone is given as three hundredtons.the Museum is fortunateto haveacquiredtwo pieces:a pairofstrigilson a ring (no. and the dishes. The Museumowns partsof two late RomanRepublican hoards. 72). in the secondcentury.a shell. andelevenspoons) to a Chicagocollector. Roman silver of the Imperialperiod is less well representedin the Museum. The hoard. 126) with engraveddecorationdepictinga lion hunt. The spouted pitcher (no.fromAsiaMinor and Greeceand. it wasboughtby a dealerwho the nextyearsold partof it (a mug. and six spoons) went to New York.daughter(or wife) of Lucius.These inscribedvasesarealso markedwith the weights. in one lot.c. of thirty pieces-a veritable ministerium. not only from MagnaGraeciabut also.a practicenot uncommonin antiquity. 115-124).Manyyearslater the remainder(two cups. TerentiusVarro'sdescriptionof a trulla(or truella). is saidto havebeenfoundnearLakeTrasimenein centralItaly. Fromthen on greatwealthpoured into Rome. The best descriptionof the almostunbelievabledisplayof wealthat a Hellenisticcourt in the third centuryB.After the deathof Warneck'swidow the silverwas offered at auction in Parisin 1905. and the ladle is still in the traditionof the fourthcenturyladle from Prusias(no. the mug.C.The more complete. the cups.six dishes. though plainer.the BoscorealeSilverin the Louvre.said to havebeen found nearTivoli.The dish in the shapeof a halfshellis also inscribed. from Egypt. afterthe battleof Actium. 98) from the earlythird-century hoard.a ladle. 125) and a combinationcomb and pin (no. a spoutedpitcher.
end with the last pieces in this Bulletinor with the exhibition. 130. however.The earlierof the two handlesshows.of the second andthird centuriesA. in relief. The cast handles (nos. are eloquent illustrationsof excellentlater Romansilverwork. The storyof GreekandRomansilverdoes not. DIETRICH VON BOTHMER Chairman Departmentof GreekandRomanArt 14 .. of course.Here the subject is the Indiantriumphof Bacchusin a chariotdrawnby two lionesses.The second handle is somewhatlater and the techniqueis differentin that the higher parts of the reliefwere cast separatelyand insertedor splicedinto cut-out depressions.or the silverfrom the House of Menander in Pompeii.D.the Cabinetdes Medailles. gold and silverplatefrom the ancientNear Eastwill round out the splendidstory of ancienttoreutic art. On the second floor toward the south. Visitorsto the newlyopened gallerymaywell wish to explorethe lateantiquegold andsilverin the parallelgallery south of the greatstaircasethatis devotedto earlyChristian art andcontainsthe fabulousCyprusplate.a lion hunt in a mountainouslandscape. 131) of two very large dishes.or the Egyptian galleriesto the north thatexhibitmuchgold andsilverfrom PtolemaicEgypt. of which the GreekandRomanTreasuryis one of the finestchapters.
A Greek and Roman Treasury The installationof the GreekandRomanTreasuryis madepossiblethroughthe generosityof Gayfrydand SaulSteinbergandRelianceGroupHoldings.Inc. .
somewhatwider.5 grams. 63-64 (with previous references).The trianglesarehatched. .Metalvasesof the Cycladic periodareveryrare.diameterca.weight439.Bequestof WalterC.ca.Fouroblong fieldsof vertical strokes(nineteenin eachfield.exceptfor one thathasonly eighteen) alternatewith fourothers. The rimof the largerbowl flaresout andthe neckis vertical. weight709.118. Bibliography:GreekArtoftheAegeanIslands. 1.11.1979. Saidto havebeenfoundtogetheron Euboea.Right:height5. 3000-2300 B. whicharesuchmalleablemetals.1) Thesetwo shallowsilverbowlsmaybe termedforerunnersof the libationbowlscalledphialaiin Greek.Cycladic.JosephPulitzerBequest.2 grams. The decorationon the shoulderof the somewhatsmallerdish differsfromthaton the largerone by havingthreefieldsof vertical lines(eleven. 19.Left:height4. Pairof silverbowls. - *- -N-' -1 w -I t .8 cm.6cm.152).predominate.andelevenrespectively)betweenthreewider fieldsof chevrons.thatarecomposedof fivetriangleseach.Purchase.The decorationis limitedto the shoulder.diameterca.6 cm.nine. pp.andit is not surprisingthatgold andsilver.C.2. Baker.1946 (46.8 cm. 24.v-p . 1971(1972.
1961(61. fig.nerl in rlir n 1U In .The shapeoccursas earlyas the MiddleHelladicperiodandre- r.Saidto be fromThebes. width 17.Greek.C. Gift of WalterC. Baker. figs.lllxillllll naiilr Ul fLthLILLI L jn uVuUlda xidy mrn1e!l lllLdl1lUL frar over a thousandyears.the so-called Minyankantharos. 326-27.The handlesaredecorated with leafpatterns.RogersFund. 4.5 cm.1977.1977. The Vapheio Goldand SilverWare.95 cm. Height to top of handles8. AlfredAndre No exactparallelis knownfor this gold cup. pp. 1500 B.ait1. Goldcup.weight27 grams.286. CupsandAegean Bibliography:E. 7. 266. no.126) The body of the cupwasraisedfroma disk of sheetgold. 263-264.C. 1907 (07. 147.ca. 324-25. Gold kantharos(drinkingcup). Saidto havebeenfound at Mycenae. 1500-1375 B. Davis. pp.weight 71 grams.Greek. CupsandAegean Bibliography:E. no.71).Ex coll.ca. 149. whichmusthavehada loop handlesimilar to thoseon the morecommondrinking cupsof gold andsilverfoundin the shaft gravesof Mycenae.3.Therearethreeconcen- triccirclesin slightreliefon the bottom. Davis.In shapethiskantharosresemblesone found in ShaftGraveIV of Mycenae.07cm.2 cm.diameterca.The Vapheio Goldand SilverWare. heightto rim7. 17 .6 cm.Height 5. the two handleswith rolled edgeswereworkedseparatelyandattached with gold rivets.
andthe handleis formedby two reeds.Height 15. no.(74.4592) The lip is trefoil. note 120 (with previous references).4566) The wine cuphasa roundedbottomanda flaringrimandresembles NearEasterngoblets. Die "rhodischen"Bronzekannen.1 cm. fig. 14. B. Myres.5-8.C.Cypriot.51.seventhcenturyB.6 cm. 58. weight 123 grams. L.51. no.Handbookf theCesnolaColection. p. 1979.di Cesnola 5.The neckis set off fromthe body by a pronouncedwelt. Four silver vases from Cyprus. (74. p.C. .Height 8.4. 4566. 6. Purchasedby subscription.diameterof mouth 10. 160.Cypriot. P. Oinochoe(winejug). L. Ex coil. 33. 1874-1876.sixthcenturyB.2 (1948). Bibliography:TheSwedishCyprusExpedition.9 cm.4 cm.diameter9. p. Shefton. Bibliography:J.1914.weight271 grams. 466. Goblet.
51. 1874-1876.. closely resembles that of the pottery vases of Cypriot make. diameter 12. (74. below the rim. p.4.8 cm.in OpusculaArchaeologica. Cypriot. fig.13 f. Three bowls from Cyprus.Height 17. pl. all have their legs in the water. 13. weight 681 grams.r 'e 7.2 (1948).C. Ex coll. Gold bowl.C. weight 347 grams. di Cesnola 8. 19 . Cypriot.63 cm. a flaring mouth.27 grams. (74. diameter of rim 14. 33.2 (1948).2 cm. Purchasedby subscription.C. 160.2 cm. another papyrus thicket with bulls pursuing fallow deer across the marshes.4551) The decoration is organized in concentric bands: around a small central boss. sixth to fifth century B. no. Gjerstad. decorated in repousse. 3.9 cm. Height 4. 9. a papyrus thicket with seven swimming ducks. Oinochoe.51. with a globular body.4581) The skyphos has an offset lip and was probably cast ratherthan raised. p. no. The edges of the cast handle are decorated with a herringbone pattern. 33.. weight 122.37 cm. Skyphos (wine cup). Height 8.4586) The form of Cypriot silver jugs.26 cm. 12. Bibliography:E. P.4. 160. 9-11. width 13. eighth century B. Bibliography:TheSwedishCyprusExpedition. and a drip ring on the neck. (74. pp. 4 (1946). L. thirty-six tongues. diameter 13. Cypriot. 12.51. halfway up the bowl. seventh century B. Bibliography:TheSwedishCyprusExpedition. fig.
two goats.then by two sphinxes. B.had his nameinscribedbelow the rimin the Cypriotsyllabary.C.earlysixthcenturyB. Mitford. pp. 4-7 (with previous bibliography). Silver-giltbowl.4552) Unlikethe two previousCypriotbowls. This curiousmixtureof Egyptianand Mesopotamianmotifs is not atypicalof Cypriotartof the archaicperiod.Cypriot.The Egyptianhieroglyphson the panelsdo not makesense. Silverbowl.6 cm. Afteranothertreecomesa seatedsphinx and. Mitford."flanked once by an Egyptiangoddess.diameter16.kingof Paphos.as it were.51.andwe mayneverbe ableto put in focus the artistic personalityresponsiblefor this amalgamof formsandmotifs.10.Behindhim hover two Egyptianfalcons.4554) The bowl belongsto a classcalledCyproPhoenicianandwithinit to the second phase.The tondo is surroundedby a narrativezone in Egyptianizing style borderedby cablepatterns.but merelyincised.9 cm.probablyafter498 B.two bullswalkingto the rightanda cow andcalfconcludethe scene.C. this one is not in repousseor in relief.3 cm. 27-30.two griffins.The decorationconsistsof a centralsixteen-petalledrosettefollowed by two bandsof whichthe lower representsa papyrusthicketandthe upper 20 .two confronted bulls.This outerzone is dividedratherirregularlyby conventionalized"sacredtrees.In a medallionin the centera fourwingeddeityin Assyriangarbkillsa rampantlion with his sword.This narrow zone formsthe predella. whichis largerin scale. anda young Egyptianspearinga winged monster. diameter15.Height 3.C.An inscriptionin West Cypriot(or Paphian)syllabaryidentifies both the owner (Epiorwos)andthe name of the shape(phiale).however." Bibliography:T.of the chiefzone. againframedby trees. weight 155 grams.At a latertime the bowl changedhands.(74.5 cm.thanksto the perspicacityofT.(74.Bulletin10 (1963). weight 82 grams. is the identityof the firstownerof the bowl:Akestor.51. Cypriot. Foundon Cyprus (Kourion). Whatis veryclear.but fartherto the left: "I belongto Timukretes. pls.Next comesa grazinghorse separatedby a treefromanotherlion that hasthrownan Egyptianto the ground.A kneelingarcheraimsat a lion thathasfelled a hunterandis attackedby anotherhunter poisinga spear.The outerborderis formedby uprightpalmettes.seventhcenturyB. 11.againnearthe rim. Height 4. Institute of ClassicalStudies. B.a pharaohclubbingthreecaptives in the presenceof a falcon-headedgod. in Universityof London.andinterspersedwith the groupof an Egyptian slayinga lion in a forest-an Assyriankilling a griffin.andthe new owner added. when Paphoswasplunderedby the Persians andtheirCypriotallies.
3.\. pp. 14 (on the style). Gjerstad.griffins. Silver phiale mesomphalos. a bird on a flower.andtwo deciduous treesaswell as by a highlystylized "sacredtree. this added member was gilt.C.The groupsareseparatedby palmettes. which help in the dating of the object. in BulletindeCorrespondanceHellnique. diameter 22. late seventh or early sixth century B.11. rLr I a curiousgroupingof pairedheraldic sphinxes.wingedcobras. 12.p. idem. 37.5 cm.Notable Acquisitions1980-1981. tendrils spring from the ground line or are suspended from the circular top border. The brim or collar is embossed with animals or monsters: two sphinxes couchants are followed (clockwise) by a bull facing a lion. 0.lotuses. and two from Kameiros on Rhodes-but this is the only early one that has animals in addition to the floral ornaments. a boar facing right." The styleof the engravingis whathas but the coexbeentermedCypro-Egyptian.In addition thereareisolatedbirdsanda divinitywith fourwings. Between the animals.The letteringis partof the designandappearsin an areadeliberately left emptyfor the inscriptionnextto a big waterbird.falconheadeddivinities. pl.13 ff.Height 4.andfalcons. 4 (1946). istenceof the manydifferentdetailsmakesit clearthatthe engraverwasnot an Egyptian but a localartist.13) This is the earliest of the Museum's traditional phialai with the pronounced omphalos (navel) or central boss.). Masson. Bibliography:O. weight 422 grams.1. the hollow underside of which furnished a secure grip for two fingers while the phiale was tilted to pour a libation.%A\.07 cm.a palmtree. 104 (1950). Classical Purchase Fund. and a panther facing left. Not many Greek silver phialai mesomphaloi are known from this time-one in Berlin. 11 (ill. The omphalos was covered by another layer that was equipped with a brim or collar and was worked separately. p. The wall of the phiale is decorated by twelve radiallyarrangedstylized lotus blossoms. 1981 (1981. . The boss has in its center a small raised disk from which sixteen tongues or flutes descend radiallyover the side. said to be from Asia Minor. Greek (perhaps Rhodian). in OpusculaArchaeologica. 225-31 (with previous bibliographyon the inscription). pp. MuseumofArt Bibliography:TheMetropolitan Annual Report1980-1981. 21 .E.
4562) Ex coil. " . Saidto be fromthe Troad. 24.5 cm. Silverbowl.153) The body of the situlais ribbed.andthe shoulderis decoratedwith a bandof fortyeight smallrosettes.. '. 45 and 49).Cypriot.C.No exactparallelsareknown. Purchased by subscription.sixthcentury B. FromCyprus.13) The lip is sharply set off from the body of the bowl. weight 147. " . 100. sixth century B. pl. Gift of The American Society for the Exploration of Sardis. 12.1971(1972. Bibliography:A.3 cm. l .p. 1 (withpreviousreferences). Found in Sardis.51.The vesselis equippedwith a small ring base. Bibliography:AncientArtfrom NewYorkPrivateCollections.3 cm.but the shapeanddecorationbetraya strong Achaemenianinfluence. weight 82 grams.Height 5.13. 15.' - [ ' s " f 1977.Height.118. L.3 cm.Toledo.5 cm.Greek.diameter14. p. Silver bowl. no. no. " .heightto rim 13. 14.Jr.The swinginghandle terminatesin smallanimalheads(perhaps snakes). 22 . 56.C. diameter ' 10. 1874-1876 (74.164. P. Greek. which is decorated on the shoulder by two grooves. Silversitula(pail)with swinginghandle.19..3 grams.Height 5. Baker. Engraved decoration occurs in the archaicperiod not only in Persian metalwork but also on East Greek silver vases (compare nos.. 1926 (26.6 cm.SilverfortheGods.C.Bequestof WalterC. di Cesnola On the offset lip thirteen birds are engraved marching to the right. ? sixth century B. The body is decorated with forty-four tongues or ribs radiating from the depression on the bottom that^ forms the omphalos.1961.44 cm. Oliver. diameter of mouth 11. with bailupright.weight630 grams.
II I c. l* iI .'k .
von Bothmer. 1966 (66. fig. diameter 12.16. 1.21).11.C. pp.3 cm. The headshavea pronouncedOriental castandconformto our associationof Persianfeatures.it wasdiscoveredthatinsidewere tiny bronzepelletsthatproducea rattling soundwhenthe cup is liftedandmoved."in Academiedes Inscriptionset Belles-Lettres. 24 .17. 1966 (66.sixthcenturyB. are attachedeighteenbeardedheadsthatare hollow andsolderedonto the wallof the bowl. On the bowl of no. D. ComptesRendus. Betweenthe lip andthe tongues.3 cm.22) Eachhasa shallowomphalos. andengravedtongueson the lowerpartof the bowl (borderedaboveon no.Right:height6. Whensomeof the headsbecame detached.andstylized rosettesareengravedat the intersticesof the heads.encirclingthe bowl. 201. PaysonGift. p.11.but a "silverphialewith Persianheads"is mentionedin one of the Deliantempleinventories.1981.an offset lip.CharlesS. 16 [left] by a circleof puncheddots). Bibliography:M. 16 an engravedbandof rosettesoccursabovethe headsat the junction of lip andshoulder. Mrs. Pairof silverphialai."LesTresorsde l'orfevreriede la Gr&ceorientaleau MetropolitanMuseumde New York.diameter 12.weight243 grams.46 cm.weight232 grams.Left:height6. Vickers.57 cm.Greek. 195.Purchase.No othersuchphialaiare knowntoday.inJHS 90 (1970).RogersFund. 196.
for example.4) This smalldrinkingbowl is technically relatedto the silver-giltphiale(no.Halfwaybetweenthe lowerband andthe depressionof the omphalosis a circularrow of punchedcirclesandon the edge of the hollowof the omphalosa band of incisedherringbones. weight245. Silver-giltphiale. The two bowlswith appliquereliefs(nos.56 cm. 19.however. 1975 (1975. Bibliography:D. The reliefzone is borderedaboveby a narrow bandof engravedhatchedtrianglesand below by a similarbandof doublehatched triangles. weight89 grams.Height 3.The plain lobes resemblein contourandvolumethe similarlyattachedPersianheadson nos.Greek. hollow omphalos-but the decorationis most unusual. Sixhollow andshallowlobes alternatewith six plaquesof the Persiankingkillinga lion.Purchase. andHalinaand JohnKlejmanGift. 18) but somewhatcruderandlesswellpreserved.Comptes Rendus.C. diameter15. The latter.C.4 grams. 25 .diameter 10.arenot addedbut in repousse. 1968 (68.Greek."in Academiedes Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. with omphalos. 18 and 19) maybe comparedto a phialein the BritishMuseum(WAD135571)that haseight smallplaquesof a rampantBesheadedwingedlion betweeneight lobes. pp.11.RogersFund.5 cm.sixthcentury B. von Bothmer.23 cm.1981.Rogers Fund. 195-96. sixthcenturyB."LesTresorsde l'orfevreriede la Grce orientaleau Metropolitan Museumde New York. 2.AnonymousGift.14) The shapeof the phialeis of the so-called Achaemeniantype-offset flaringlip.The ten projectinglobesor bosses arenot workedin repousse(as. Silverbowl.11.The intervalsbetweenthe lobesare decoratedwith gilt a jourreliefsof the Persiankingwalkingto the left in fullregalia. 28 and29) but areseparatelyhammeredandattachedto the wallof the bowl in speciallypreparedgrooves.18.Height 4. His feet areset on two eagleheadsplaced backto backthatsurmounta heraldically drop-shapedringdecoratedwith an ivy leaf below. fig. on nos. 16 and17.7 cm.
sixthcenturyB.Greek.Anonymous Gift. 1968 (68.Greek.thesetwo libation bowls areobviouslycontemporaryandthe workof the samesilversmith. diameter14.In addition.as are the threecarinationson the shoulder.9 cm.0 cm. 28 and29) illustratedon the oppositepage. diameter17. andHalinaand JohnKlejmanGift.C.sixthcenturyB.Purchase.AnonymousGift. moreover. Height 4. 23. Silverphiale.Greek.9-15. 1970 (1970.It consistsof a sixteen-petalledrosette surroundedby a circleof beadingon the bottom andeighty-twotongueson the convexpartof the bowl. Silverphiale. The rosetteis a forerunnerof the similarones on the bottomsof nos.16) Whilenot an exactpair.5 cm. 1969 (69. 22 the eighty-seventongueson the outsidearechased.11. 78. Height 4. Silverphiale.1 cm. Five silver bowls.Greek.11.Rogers Fund.sixthcenturyB. Height 4. abovethe flutes.11.20-24. and 79.is chased.Both.the undersideof whichhasincisedletters(Alik) thatmaybe the beginningof a Greekname.sixthcenturyB.C.Anonymous Gift.6 cm.limitedto the outside. 1968 (68.65 cm.sixthcentury B. 24. andHalinaandJohnKlejman Gift. Silverwine cup.11. weight 161grams.C.Purchase.85 cm. 26 .andthereis an engravedcirclearoundthe depressionof the omphalos.64) 21.10) The seventy-sixtongueson the outsideof the lowerpartof the bowl arechased.1 cm.surroundingthe omphalos. All fourhavenine lobes alternatingwith nine stylizedlotuses.Height 4.however.C.11.FletcherFund.9) As on no.7 cm. justbelow the offset lip.4-17. 20. 1967 (67.Purchase.sharea similarlightlyengravedmonogramin the hollow of the omphalos. weight 265 grams.In termsof styletheyaresimilarto the phialai of the so-calledAchaemeniantype (nos.this phiale hasthirty-eighttongueschasedon the inside.RogersFund.Purchase.17) The decoration.Greek.C. 22.8 cm. weight206. 75. Height 4.3 grams. weight 271 grams. anda complexmonogram. weight 302. diameter17.Anonymous Gift. Silverphiale. diameter14. is a circleof kymatiaandeggs. diameter10.9 grams.
Height 3.1977. no. 26. diameter 18. nine lobes separatedby nine lotuses. Height 4.92 cm. Height 4.0 cm. Rogers Fund. 28. and in Attic potteryoccurs as early as the sixth century B.11. A. Offset lip.2 cm.C. small tongue pattern on shoulder. weight 210 grams.15) 29. though it is by no means certain that all were made by Persians. Oliver.The pure Greek shape is represented by no. The combination of carination on the shoulder and tongues below (no.67 cm. Anonymous Gift.20) Phialai with flaring rims or offset lips (nos. weight 409 grams.11. carination on shoulder. Five silver phialai. 25. Same type.Silverforthe Gods.2. 1968 (68. Purchase. but smaller. Purchase. Jr. 25) continues well into the fourth century and occurs on drinking cups (see no. Continuous convex contour.C. Height 3.8) 27. 27. thirty-two tongues on body. 1970 (1970. diameter 13. ninety-five lightly chased tongues on the outside.25 cm. and Halina and John Klejman Gift. weight 210.5 grams. diameter 17.. 25. weight 205 grams.13) 26. Offset lip. 29) are commonly called the Achaemenian type. sixth century B. shallow omphalos.25 cm. Rogers Fund.11. The outside is plain.25-29.0 cm. 2) shares its system of decoration with no. p. Flaring rim. weight 154 grams. small omphalos. Height 3. 28. 25. 1966 (66. 1966 (66.7 cm.2 cm. no.11. diameter 17. Greek. deep omphalos with collar consisting of sixty-one chased tongues.8 cm.A somewhat flatter and much lighter silver phiale in the Indiana University Art Museum (ace.11. Anonymous Gift. small omphalos. diameter 15. 27. Rogers Fund.102. 1980 (1980. 69. 77). Classical Purchase Fund.19) 27 .
sixthcenturyB.36 cm.4 grams.sixthcentury B.Right: height 5. 33. presumablythe fiveobjectswerefound together. Greek.Purchase. weight254.RorimerGifts.sixth centuryB.sixthcenturyB.bowlswereacquiredtogether with a plainsilversitula(no. hasonly eighty-nineshort tonguesbelow the junctionof lip andshoultwo Greekletterschiandiota.Left: height6. G.C. a plainsilverladle(no.Greek.7 cm.JamesJ.Mrs. narrowleavesthat radiatefroma reservedbandaroundthe hollow of the omphalos.though totally undecorated. weight 237 grams.C.11.Greek. Greek.65 cm. weight253 grams.Purchase. Two deepsilverphialai. 1973 (1973. diameter 15. t '=: 31.11.8) 34.AnonymousGift.An owner'smonogram(shownhere)is engravedon one sideof the lip.ThomasS.whichis inscribed with a lambda.19. Deep silverbowl. 64). diameter12.30.The largerof the two bowls.weight 231. 1969 (69. Shallowsilverbowl. on the oppositeside thereis anothergraffito. 1973 (1973. Silverphiale.The one on the righthasninetyeight shorttongueschasedon its shoulder andninety-twolong.2 grams. on the left.9) Thesetwo handsome.84 cm.18) Thesetwo libationbowls introducefurther variations.Winslow Carlton.8 cm.11) The phialehas an offset lip andan ornamental bandof somewhatirregulartongues below the junctionof lip andbody. Brush.Purchase.11.5 cm. diameter14. Bastis. 67).06 cm.AnonymousGift.32. 28 _l -i___ l .Anonymous Gift.11. 1970 (1970. 53).andMrs.24 cm.C.diameter16.Height 5. andthe smallerof our two silverstrainers(no.C. Height 3.
11.diameter9.55 cm. P.two lions above. 29 .RogersFund. to top of rim17.Greek.35.a kymationis chasedon the edge of the mouth.3cm. 1975.The handleis in the shapeof a nakedyouth bendingbackward.the lateralprojectionsaretwo recumbentramsin high relief. fig.sixth centuryB.Thesetwo rams correspondto two couchantlionsplaced backto backon the rimon eithersideof the headof the youth. Silvertrefoiloinochoe. p.whilethe foot andhandlearecastseparatelyandjoinedto the vasewith solder.andtwo ramsbelowis known fromGreekbronzehydriaiandoinochoai. The schemeof the handlewith a youth. but to datethis is the only examplein silver. TheChase.23) The body of the jug is raised. F Hoving.1966 (66.C.The shoulderandthe foot aredecoratedwith tongues. Bibliography:T. 19. weight623 grams.His feet reston a separatelycastlower attachmentthatterminatesbelowin a hanging palmette.who graspstheirtails. 119.theCapture. his long hairfallinginto the mouthof the vase.andthere is a circleof beadingat the junctionof the foot andthe body.theirheads turnedtowardthe viewer.Height to top of handle18 cm.
s_LllL5%3=-: : a i-: .:-C ?2?I: -r: i--i-? :i-d--ie:? .:.:: : . X.i.lc: l::?i.. ..-- - .-?-- r :i i`: P . ".."i.ii. ?t- 'IWLi:l. : -.?r ?+) a ~Y.e .:.u : t :_4:a li Y 1wJIr II a B i :-i . B "-.1:.--.::: :ae --i ii: ) B ..L -sr!? . .iieFhets?axPJt:sRu ..iSZBi6a%88i :r hi I" 1. B c i: .t s"? .._:i4 t?: ??rc:-r-ui ii' .it- z-?i? I.&ifIl?%t.. r- :-?6j r) i x .aaI-?Il i? I 3-aik '"" as-::: 'I Ean: .:d `:.:z --:??. 'ri- s:.I .
sixth century B. 6. The lateralprojections on top are in the shape of spools and are decorated at the ends with rosettes.Height to top of handle 20.1981. The beading along the ridge of the handle and its edges is also applied to the edges of the spools above."LesTresorsde l'orfevreriede la Grce orientaleau Metropolitan Museumde New York. and the junction of panther head and handle. Silver trefoil oinochoe. the edge of the foot.36. Bibliography:D. Greek. shows the frontal head of a panther flanked by its forelegs. Anonymous Gift. 1968 (68. fig. the handle terminates above in the head of a lion. von Bothmer. likewise incised.11.1 cm.86 cm. 201. Rogers Fund. and to date only. The handle is cast and attached to the rim and to the shoulder of the jug with solder. The lower finial of the handle. example in silver.Comptes Rendus. The mane is not rendered in relief but by incision. 18. Arching high above the mouth. Purchase. the fillet between the body of the vase and the foot. 31 . and Halina and John Klejman Gift. . but this jug gives us the first."in Academiedes Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. weight 825 grams.N.r~r. The conceit of a handle with feline finials is also observed on bronze hydriai and oinochoai. to top of rim.C. p. its mouth wide open.11) The body of the jug and the foot are raised separatelyand joined with solder. in low relief. diameter 11.6 cm. .N .
_ <p _MT 4 i .
but the proportionsare differentandthe neckis set off moresharplyfromthe shoulder.C.6 cm.weight439 grams.as is thatof no.RogersFund.37. KleinJr.the edgesof whichare incisedon the insideof the lip.Purchase.Inc.11. 37.is not solidsilver but hollow.the handle.the sculpturaladjunctsof the handle-a lion'sheadaboveanda headof the EgyptiandivinityBesbelow-are typicallyGreek.93 cm.asusual.diameter13.The spout is quitepronounced.11. 33 . 1968 (68.composedof two halvesandfilledwith lead.Arthur DarbyNock Fund. Helen H.RogersFund.Purchase.andMrs.The mouthis not completelycircularbut hasa slightspout. Mertens.Greek. 38. Similarstylizedanimalheadsappearon Lydianbronzes. 1976 (1976.in memoryof GiselaRichter.Greek.C.weight 850.to top of rim12..Heightto top of handle19.andChristosG.The casthandleis flutedandterminates abovein a stylizedeagle'sheadthatappearsto biteinto the lip. JamesJ.8 cm.5 grams.diameter11. andHalinaand JohnKlejmanGift. Whilethe shapeof thisjug is moreEasternthanGreek.77cm.16) The body.sixthcenturyB.sixthcenturyB.Gifts.DavidL. VanAvery.to top of rim18.RuthElizabethWhite.AnonymousGift. Rorimer.however. Silveroinochoe. Silveroinochoe.AnonymousGift.1) The body is carinated.MemorialFoundation.8 cm. Bastis.RichardA.is raised.Height to top of handle 13.5 cm.
11. 1975 (1975. 9. 14. 68). H.g. MMA Bulletin n. 44. Anonymous Gift. Rogers Fund.3 cm.. diameter 16. with handle. Purchase. Inc. 1968 (68. 26 [1967-68]. p.. with handle. The Abraham Foundation. the handles are riveted to the body.s.24) The five silver pitchers are too small to have served as wine jugs.C.7 cm. 1967 (67. Height.Height to top of lid 22. n. but the decorations of the body differ. including the foot. has tongues on the shoulder and tongues 34 below.5) 43. weight 107 grams. with handle. 3. weight 92 grams. Vincent Astor Gift.5 grams. Height. and it is more likely that they contained an aromatic liquid that was added to the wine.2 and 3) and Oxford. Height. 11 cm.16) 40. Classical Purchase Fund. ( . 1968 (68. 39. which. 199. weight 72 grams. 12. sixth century B. The lower finial of the handle is always a palmette. 40 and 41 have plain bodies. 11.Jr.C. 39 and 43 have tongues only on the shoulder. the jug is remarkable owing to its lid. The tiering of the lid may be compared with the similar convention on the lid of the incense burner (no. upper right). Purchase. Of simple. and 43 have palmettes on the upper attachment of the handle as well.11.5 grams. 42. Other small silver pitchers of this type are in Berlin (1974. the most elaborate.6 cm. Bibliography:C. and Halina and John Klejman Gift. Height. Gift. 1980 (1980. weight 86.5 cm.30. No. The same technique is known from Lydian pottery (e.Ritual Dinners in EarlyHistoricSardis.18) The bronze jug is exhibited in the Greek and Roman Treasurybecause it was acquired with a group of fourteen silver vases that may all have been found together. Purchase. rather squat form. Fletcher Fund. 42. 39.39-43.11. which was slotted along its lower edge and slipped over the flat handle before the latter was riveted to the mouth and body of the jug.11. nos. 1966 (66. All five have the underside of the foot decorated in repousse with a rosette. Bronze jug with slip-on lid. nos.1978. A further difference is that nos.22. 11. Greek or Lydian.16) 41. sixth century B. with handle. Greek. p. Greenewalt.11. Mrs.. 11.6 cm. Height.5 cm. weight 104.59) 42. Five silver pitchers. Anonymous Gift. is invariably raised. Purchase. with handle.11.
B.C.Height 10.3 cm;diameter3.6 cm;
Of allthe silveralabastra
most elaborate.The body is dividedinto
fourpictorialzonesseparatedby ornamental bandsof differentpatterns.In the top
registera naturaldivisioninto anobverse
andreverseis furnishedby the two lugs in
the shapeof ducks'heads;eachpicturein
this zone is of two cocksconfrontingeach
havingon the obversea lionessanda lion
attackinga bullfacingleft, whileon the
reversethe bullbeing attackedby the
lionessandthe lion facesright.In the third
zone a battleof warriorsrages:two phalanxesattackeachother,fivewarriorson the
left againstsixon the right,and,to avoid
too obviousa suture,the battlesceneon the
othersidedepictsa duel betweentwo
hoplites.The lowestregistershowson the
obversea trio of fallowdeer,followedby a
fourthon the rightthattakesup mostof the
spaceon the back.The roundedbottomof
the alabastronis decoratedflorally:fourcircumscribedpalmettesarearrangedsymmetricallywith eight additional,somewhat
smallerpalmettesin the spandrels.
Bibliography:All our silveralabastraarediscussedin
ArtibusAegypti,Brussels,1983, pp. 15-23, figs.
B.C.Height 12.6 cm; diameter4.77 cm;
weight 76 grams.FletcherFund, 1968
The systemof dividingthe body into four
zones by ornamentalbandsis the sameas on
the alabastronwith figures(no. 45), but
herethe zones areleft empty.On the bottom, insteadof the palmetteconfiguration,
is a rosettecomposedof eight lozenges.
The ornamentsin the bandsaretongues
(on top), saltiresquares,a cablepattern,
againin the shapeof ducks'heads,arenot
workedseparatelybut, as is usualin this
insideof the vase.
B.C.Height 14.04 cm; diameter4.36 cm;
weight 71 grams.Purchase,ChristosG.
BastisGift, 1967 (67.11.10)
The body of the vaseis divided(ason some
of the others)into threezones by narrow
ornamentalbandsof whichthreehavespecialsaltiresquares.The secondbandhas
hatchedtriangleslikethose appliedto no.
47. On the bottomis a rosettewith sixteen
petals.The plumageon the duck's-headlugs
is closerto thaton no. 47 thanto thaton
B.C.Height, with stopper,16.46 cm, without stopper,15.15cm; diameter5.2 cm;
weight 96 grams.ClassicalPurchaseFund,
with a whirlingpattern,is attachedto a
shorthollow cylinderthatslipsinto another
cylinderattachedto the rimof the vesselby
a flangethatcoversandstrengthensit. The
ornamentaldecorationis limitedto tongues
below the neckandthreedividingbands
bottom has an elaboratestarrosettewith
twenty-twopoints. Likethe othersilveralabastraof this class,this one is equippedwith
lugs in the formof ducks'heads.
49. Silverskyphos,with foot restored.
restored,16.6 cm, as preserved,12.5 cm;
width 22.04 cm; diameter14.26-15.33 cm;
weight,as restored,597 grams.Gift of
(1971.118).Ex coll. Hagop Kevorkian
As on the silveralabastra,the body is
dividedinto zones by narrowornamental
bands.The top zone hereis decoratedwith
lightlyengraved.The secondzone presents
in the centerof eachsideheraldicsphinxes;
forelegat an elaboraterosettein the center.
In the thirdzone six grazingfallowdeer
advanceto the left, followedby a wading
bird(probablya demoisellecrane).The last
zone is againornamental-a zig-zagband
engraveddrawingis verycloseto thaton
one of the silveralabastra(no. 45), especiallyin the treatmentof the fallowdeer.
The bodyof the skyphosis raised;the
roundhandlesarecast.The foot hasbeen
restoredon the analogyof Lydianterracotta
Bibliography:Sale cat., Sotheby's,London, Dec. 8,
1970, lot 36 (ill.).
totalweight 106.Height.AnonymousGift. Silverbeaker. 1967 (67.The heavyring handleon top of the lid is solderedto it.7grams. 133.sixthcenturyB. withoutlid. 9.11. Silversitulawith swingingbailand chain.sixthcenturyB.diameter6. 52..diameter6.Journal ofGlassStudies9 .Greek. weight 72.Height. 1968 (68.sixthcentury B.6 grams.London.2 cm. 39-43).7cm. lengthof chain53.C.75 cm.60) This beakershareswith no.11.sixthcenturyB.No exactparallelsexistfor this silversitula.1968 (68.Purchase.50.is not round but flatanddecoratedwith a fourteenpetaledrosette. whichconsistsof forty links.The chain.AnonymousGift. 66.FletcherFund.but its shapecanbe saidto resembleEgyptiansitulae.Purchase. 3).andat the junctionof neckandshoulderthereis a notchedfillet. no. The jarwasperhapsusedfor cosmetics. 60 (ill. with lid.weight 64 grams.however. p.9.5) The body andlid areraised. 1972. 1973 (1973.Greek.AnonymousGift.11. to top of rim6.C. 6. Silverbeaker.C. fig.10) The body of the situlais raised.8cm.16.The rosettelinksthe beaker stylisticallyto the smallsilverpitchers(nos. Height 10.11.no.Its bottom. Bibliography:Sale cat. July10.5 cm. Silverjarwith lid. The beakermaybe comparedwith a somewhatlargerglassbeakerin the Corning Museumof Glass(ace.8 cm.is attached with an oval ringto the bailandfurnished with a ringat the otherend thatcanbe slipped on a finger. 38 . 50 the fluting andthe filletat the junctionof neckand shoulder.Greek. with bailupright.34 cm. Sotheby's. 51. Purchase.11) The body is fluted.06 cm.weight 107 grams. diameter5 cm.1.andthe hammeredomega-shaped bailis slipped throughtwo holesnearthe rim. 53. andHalinaandJohnKlejmanGift.). Height 11.RogersFund.12 cm.C. Greek.
Silver saucer.4 grams.11.8 cm.C.25 cm. and Halina and John Klejman Gift.5 grams.The flattened.3 grams.7) The shallowsaucerandthe spoutwere raisedfroma singlediskof sheetsilver. 56. Greek. diameter8. Silversaucerwith spout andhandle.the loop handlewasforgedseparatelyand attachedto the rimwith rivets.5 cm. Height 1.circularendsof the loop aredecoratedwith incisedrosettes. weight 38. Silverdish.RogersFund.15 cm.Greek.sixthcenturyB. Height 1 cm.C.Mrs.width 10. Anonymous Gift.5 cm. 1968 (68. diameter7. sixth century B. diameter 7.lightlyengravedon the outside below andto the rightof the handle.Height 2. Purchase. 39 .25) This smallshallowdishbearsa faintgraffito on the flatbottomin the formof the Greek letterchi. andHalinaandJohnKlejman Gift. Rogers Fund.Purchase.AnonymousGift.4 cm. 55.11.11. weight 51.sixthcenturyB.weight 87.Greek.6) The small saucer has a rounded bottom and resembles three such silver saucers excavated at Sardis and now in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum.A ligature composedof a retrogradekappaandlambda appearstwice.Purchase.54. 1966 (66.VincentAstorGift.C. 1968 (68.
1968 (68.a third.C.werefound in a tomb (datedto the late sixth century B. . AnonymousGift.) in Amathus on Cyprus.Suchlargeshallow plattersareknownmostlyfrombronze examples.latesixthcenturyB.Greek.46 cm. AnonymousGift.3) The shallowbowl of the platteris raised.no. weight 1. latesixthcenturyB.Height to top of ring handle5.now in the J.The ringhandlecover.06 cm.two of which. andHalinaandJohn KlejmanGift. with handleextended.11. 58.Purchase.525. 78 A. hasa largefloralrosettein the center.PaulGetty Museumin Malibu(acc. 403).39.5 grams. diameter30. length.11.6 grams. diameter18.RogersFund. for a faintcircular discolorationon the surfaceof the insideof the plattercorrespondsto the diameterof the lid. Silverplatterwith swinginghandle. dAki 57. 40 .now in the British Museum.Height to edge 4. Greek.whichin turnis surmountedby a smallballthatholdsthe ring.15) The lid properis raisedfroma singledisk. andHalinaandJohn KlejmanGift. 4 U P f* > s I~~~~~.C.acquired togetherwith the platter(no.RogersFund.C.7 cm.the finialsof which arein the shapeof buds.6 cm. 57). andalmosthalfof the peripheryof the rim rodthatis is reinforcedby a semicircular rivetedto it in four places.aswell as solderedto it alongits entirelength. To its top.8 cm.is soldereda rosette with twenty-twopetals. mayhave been foundsittingin it. in the center.To this supportareattachedtwo hammeredrings thatin turnhold the hammeredomegashapedswinginghandle. Silvercoverwith ringhandle. 1968 (68./* .weight 246.C.Purchase.
natesbelowin the forepartof a wingedlion. von Bothmer"Les Tresorsde l'orfevreriede la Greceorientaleau MetropolitanMuseumde New York. Height 20. andthe handleandthe loop on top were castseparately. Inscriptionset Belles-Lettres.RogersFund.horses'ears. andHalinaand JohnKlejmanGift. diameterof bowl 5.sixthcenturyB.AnonymousGift. as arethe two sphinxesbelow.11.the lowerend is attachedto the bowl with threerivetsthat go throughandpartlyobscurethe engraved palmetteon the finial. weight47 grams. The techniqueof rivetingthe finialof the handleto the body alsooccurson someof the smallsilverpitchers. 61. P.andlions'forelegs.6grams.The loop terminates abovein the headof a calf.26) Of allthe archaicmetalladlesknownthis is the most elaborate.1981.3 cm.theCapture.C. Height 16.Greek.11. 3.The iconographyis quite The facetedhandletermiextraordinary. 41 . fig. The two sphinxes heraldically placedon the rimof the bowl aresomewhatsmallerin scale.Height 22. 194ff.Greek. TheChase. D.59.12 cm.94 cm. The finelychased finialis in the shapeof a calfs head.RogersFund. 20. weight 107.Comptes pp. 119.sixthcenturyB.The handleis joinedto the bowl with rivets.It wasmadein several parts:the bowl wasraisedfroma silverdisk.Purchase.not towardit as on no. and talons. 60.11. Silverkyathos."in Academiedes Rendus. 1968 (68. sculptedin the roundas farbackas its haunches.andloop areallhammered andraisedfromone pieceof silver.3) The facetedhandleandthe loop arehammeredfromone rod of silver. weight 89 grams.Greek.C.1975 (1975.The loop curveson top awayfromthe bowl.This kyathosis somewhatshorterthanthe othersin the Museumbut the styleof the animalhead andthe facetinglinkit with the otherladles. Silverkyathos.Rogers Fund.7 cm. diameterof bowl 4. stem. diameterof bowl 6. 1966 (66.the loop on top is solderedon. Silverkyathos(ladle).4) The bowl. E Hoving. p. fig.The loop above is decoratedin reliefwith two hybrideaglegriffinsthathaveeagles'heads.8 cm.wings.68 cm.The handle terminatesabovein a lotus capitalof vaguelyAchaemenianform.it seemsto plungeinto the bowl as if drinkingfromit.C.sixthcenturyB. Bibliography:T. aswerethe two sphinxes flankingit at the junctionto the bowl. 1975. 60.
London.A variantof this heraldicrepresentation occurson the loop of a silverkyathosin Cleveland(ace. Bulletinofthe MuseumofArt 45 .Klejman.The headof a duckas a sculpturaladjunctalsooccurson the four silver alabastrain the Museum'scollection(nos.The loop in the form of a plainringis attachedwith solder. 89. 59 and62. 62. 60 (ill. Height 23.4 grams.The stemis fluted.1981. 59 in thatthe animalsarepartlyin the roundandpartlyin relief.The loop is decoratedwith two heraldiclionsworkedin a techniquesimilar to thatusedon the loop of no. July10. diameterof bowl4. Sotheby's.04 cm. Height 22.C.C. 1972.C.83 cm.weight27 grams.sixthcenturyB.andin placeof the lotus finialon top of the stem therearetwo animalheads.in memoryof GiselaRichter.).Greek. MuseumofArt. 209).sixthcenturyB.It is withoutanysculptural adjunctsandornamentationandmaybe comparedwith a silverkyathosfromSardis in the museumat Istanbul.J. 1968 (68. A.556 cm.sixthcenturyB.The cast loop on top of the handleis joinedto the stemof the handlewith solder.Closest to this kyathosis one formerlyin the collection ofTheodor Wiegand(K.Gift of Mr. 64. but the loop surmountingthe stemdoes not havecomplete animalsbut only lions'heads. Height 19.as on many GreekandGreco-Persian bracelets. 12. p.ClassicalPurchase Fund.5) Hammeredandraisedfroma singlepieceof silver.665 cm.and RogersFund.The ladle'sstemandbowl areraisedin one piece as on no. p.J. 56. 1980-1981.as is the finial in the formof a quatrefoillotus.The lions toucheachotherwith their extendedfrontlegs andaverttheirheads.Purchase. Silverkyathos.this ratherflatspoon hasa shortstem turnedinto a loop thatterminatesin a duck'shead.C..Antiken Privatbesitz. weight 80.10. Length. Silverkyathos.1976 (1976. weight 101grams. pp.AnonymousGift. no. 1938. diameterof bowl 5.sixthcenturyB. idem. Silverkyathos. Silverspoon. 1981.Greek.11. Bibliography:TheMetropolitan Annual Report1980-1981. 1973 (1973. NotableAcquisitions 63. Greek. with whichit alsosharesthe quatrefoillotus on top.no. weight 72.Greek.14) On this kyathosthe bowl andthe handleare raisedfromone pieceof metal.11.25 cm. 42 .somewhatsmallerthannos. Cleveland on whichthe lions faceeachother. 65.as preserved. diameterof bowl4.7 grams. introducesyet anothervariant. pl. 36-37.34.71cm. no. 1980 (1980. 45-48).ArthurDarbyNock Fund. Bibliography:Sale cat.11) This is the plainestof the Museum's kyathoi.62.7cm. 46).4) This ladle.andMrs. Neuin deutschem gebauer.11.
A hook in the shapeof a duck'sheadand neckis providedat the otherend. '^T~~I~ Bibliography:Salecat.Fletcher Fund.26 cm.The holesof the strainerare evenlyspacedin elevenconcentriccircles andarelimitedto the verybottom. Purchase. 1973 (1973.diameterof bowl 12.with the bowl horizontal. depthof bowl 6.sixthcenturyB. no.45 cm.andits upperend curvesin a semicircleto the left andterminatesin the headof a calf. 60 (ill. .sixthcenturyB. Silverstrainer.. Length.11.71cm) suggeststhatit wasusedwith a beakeror goblet with a fairlysmallmouth.Greek. 1968 (68.Its smalldiameter (belowthe collar:4.flathandleis cast andattachedto the bowl at an anglewith threerivetsthatarecarefullyplacedso as not to destroythe symmetryof the engravedandchasedpalmetteof the finial.at its junctionwith the rimof the bowl the handle flaresout at eitherside andis decorated on its uppersurfacewith an incisedlotus. July10.58) The bowl of thisstrainer(whichis raised) hasa broadconcaverimanda steeper bulgethatis perforatedin omphalos-shaped two tiers:on the innercentralportion the perforationsform a whirligigto left. Length21.C. allof whicharesaidto have beenfoundtogether.AnonymousGift. depthof bowl 5.) 67. 53). 33 and34)..A rowof small circlesis punchedallthe wayaroundthe edge of the rim.11. a situlaand chain(no.weight 325 grams.weight217..117840).5 cm.The diameterof the innercup (8 cm) wouldhavecorrespondedto the diameterof the goblet or beakerinto whichthe wine wasstrained. Sotheby's. 1972. 43 .63 cm.The heavy.Two similarstrainersarein the BritishMuseum (118462.Partof the stemof the handleis hexagonalin cross-section. diameterof bowl 8. andtwo plainbowls (nos.66.C. ~' stemis reinforcedwith two groupsof ~The !' threeprofiledrings. while on the surroundingzone the tiny holesare drilledin a sicklepatternfacingthe other way.28.1grams.London.Greek.3 cm.This strainerwas acquiredwith a ladle(no.7) Here the strainerpartof the bowl is domeshapedandset off fromthe broad.76cm. 64).slightly slantedrimwith a collar. Silverstrainer.).
68.lateralprojec- . 194ff.1981. D. 1979.of whicheight areperforatedwith arrowshapedslots for the diffusionof the smoking incense. and an Etruscanbronzeincenseburneron the Swissmarket:it is not surprisingthatsuch decorativeconceitstraveledwidelyin the ancientworld. G.M. idem. 36-37.C. This cup has a pronouncedoffset upright rim overwhicha conicalcoverfitssnugly. pl.inKadmos22 (1983). Maspero. pp.Greek. 1980-1981. 56-60. 1 (on the inscription).This coveris surmountedby a caststatuetteof a cock.Height 28. The cover. Gusmani. Byrsa.also raised."LesTresorsde l'orfevreriede la Grce orientale au MetropolitanMuseumde New York. p.The standis raisedfroma single diskof sheetsilverto whichthe raisedcup of the incenseburnerproperis soldered.sixthcenturyB. lib). Silverincenseburner. MuseumofArt. 45-48).11. Cockson top of incenseburnercoversare knownfromEgypt (cf. in whichthe incensewasburned. pl.5 cm. 54ff.2 cm. von NotableAcquisitions Bothmer. Bibliography:TheMetropolitan AnnualReport1980-1981.1980 (1980. andHalina andJohnKlejmanGift. 319ff.The supportis carinated andshowsa pronouncedbulgetowardthe top.fig.17) Thoughnot madeof preciousmetal.It wasmadein severalparts:the bowl proper. The sculpturaladjunctsof this veryelaborateincenseburnerconnectits styleso finealacloselywith thatof the particularly bastron(no.vol. Purchase.Length62. fig.in Le 2 .is soldered to an interveningcastmemberthatendsin a sleevefor the carryingrod. Carrie. R.ClassicalPurchaseFund. a MuseeEgyptien Punicgravestelein Vienna(J.6 cm.weight221 grams. pp. 1968 (68.12) An inscriptionin Lydianletterson the flare of the baseidentifiesthis censeras the property of Artimas.andthereis a ring in the fantailto whichthe chainwas attached.Greek.Comptes Rendus. 44 69.AnonymousGift."in Academiedes Inscriptionset Belles-Lettres.C. 45) thatone canthinkof both as beingmadein the sameworkshop.11.this uniqueincenseburneris exhibitedwith tablesilverof the periodandstylebecauseit musthavebeenpartof a banquetservice. It also hastwo ducks'headslikethose on the manysilveralabastra(cf. nos.1981. diameterof base 10. one of whichhasa perforationfor the attachmentof a chainwith six linksstill preserved. pp. 12. 1. 5.sixth centuryB.hasten tiers. pp. 1981. pp.the plinthof whichis solderedto a smallfloralsaucer. 24). RogersFund. Bronzeincenseburner.The finialis rivetedto the cover.
The lid is flat and swivels horizontally around a rivet in the middle of the north wall.3 cm.. length 9. The heads of the studs are gilt. pp. p. Length of scoop 7. and Halina and John Klejman Gift. as preserved. 1968 (68. fig.35 cm.tions in the form of ducks' heads set backto-back flank this member and are soldered to it as well as to the bowl. the horizontal one was carried by hand and moved from side to side. Anonymous Gift. 41. that are purely ornamental (the one in the northeast corner is missing). almost square in shape. One was found in Gordion in a cremation burial of the mid-sixth century and is now in Ankara (UniversityMuseumBulletin [Philadelphia] 16 . Greek. 1). for the silver tong project- ing from the disk has three rivet holes for attaching a handle of either wood or ivory. Not many archaicsilver mirrors are known. Bibliography:D."LesTresorsde Porfevreriede la Grce orientaleau Metropolitan Museumde New York. 18. Its front hooves are attached to a short plinth that in turn is riveted to the domed."in Academiedes Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. On top of this finial a lug is perforated crossways to serve as a pivot for the hind feet of a cast statuette of a calf that turns its head back. 51-53. Greek. soldered onto its center and its four corners.C. Like the silver incense burner (no. or "nail heads.10) The highly polished convex surface of this mirror was used for reflection.London.11. Height 3. length. von Bothmer. 8.Comptes Rendus.11.87 cm. Purchase."made of steatite and somewhat shorter than ours. One of the dividing walls is notched to accommodate the small cosmetic scoop. but a Syrian "arm censer. 45 . is divided into a cylindrical central compartment and four adjacent angular ones.1981. von Bothmer. Rogers Fund.12 [box] and 68. the cover has arrow-shaped perforations in two of its five tiers.) 70. In addition to these two functional studs there are five other buttons.7 grams. Thus the cosmetic box when closed would look hermetically sealed and could only be opened by those familiar with the mechanism. combines the Egyptian convention of a hand holding the cup with the new element of a long rod terminating in the head of a bull. 22-23. Anonymous Gift. tiered cover of the incense burner.Diameter 17. Silver mirror disk. sixth century B. which has not survived. weight 350 grams.4 grams.92 cm. 12-13. Dec. (The Syrianarmcenseris published in the sale cat. It must have been hand-held. Bibliography:D. the whole forming a finial.11. 194ff. pp. fig.C. It is equipped with a knob on top that is riveted to the cover. 68). 1968 (68. and Halina and John Klejman Gift. Sotheby's." on the lid. like the so-called arm censers from Egypt. Purchase. pp. width 8. The other end of the long carrying rod is capped by a cast head of a calf. 87. and thus supplies the missing link between the time-honored Egyptian shape and its later adaptation. which were set on tables in a room or sanctuary. 20. Silver cosmetic box with cover and its silver scoop.22 cm. weight 428. Rogers Fund.in MonumentsPiot61 (1977). on the opposite wall the lid is slotted to accept a swiveling stud that moves around an axle attached inside the box near the top of the wall. no. weight 10.1983.35 cm.13 [scoop]) The box proper. 71. sixth century B. No other incense burners of this type have been found in Greece or Anatolia. Unlike pedestaled incense burners.
I I' PI?1L R.IIIIII r .-w ~ % rr ?bc..k .
Greek.C. pi. New idem. but as more phialai are becoming known an equally strong claim for Greek manufacture can be made. 37.61-11 cm. 44. (1972. a Lesbian kymation. A. pl. p. Supplement. Similar conventions of decoration occur on earlierEast Greek silver vessels that betray the influence of Achaemenian silver phialai. Tracesof parcel gilding remain in these two bands. pp. 70.AncientArtfromNew YorkPrivateCollections. 102. p.4 grams.1982. 1982. Hanfmann.56 cm.AncientArtfromNew York PrivateCollections.1966. 47 . 21. p. WalterCummingsBaker.Supplement. 90-91.Greek. von Bothmer. von Bothmer.. weight 315 grams. Strong. Ex coll. S48. Height 4. 100. Bronze situla with swinging handles. no. Supplement. D. late fourth-third century B. 103.3 cm. Neugebauer. which is worked separatelyand soldered on. pl.163) 76.1971 (1972. 22A-C.Bequest of WalterC. no. 86. 77. M. no.C.Etruscan. 210-14.58 cm. weight 184 grams. diameter of bowl 6. The perforations of the strainer are patterned in a whirligig. Greek.and RomanAntiquities.Height 5. Bibliography:K. diameter of mouth 19. pls.1938. Silver bowl with offset rim. GreekandRomanGoldand SilverPlate. pp. p. It has a central boss decorated on the underside with an elaborate floral rosette done in repousse.118. D. with handles lowered. no. 1950. 1954. idem. Height to top of handles 7.Etruscan. Baker. pp.9 cm.AncientArtfromNew YorkPrivateCollections. The inside has a tondo bordered by a kymation in a zone around the central circle. to rim 6. 8-9. Silver cup. 13. 1950. S49. the shoulder is carinated and has a chased tongue pattern below it.1982. p.7 cm. The phiale is decorated on the outside with a complex rosette in the center of its bottom from which forty-eight narrow leaves rise. Height. second half of fourth century B. no. 1961. Silver strainer. to top of attachments.88) 75. diameter of mouth 10. Height 27. E. width 16.8 cm.164) 74.118. 78. Wilhelm Fabricius 72. which is embellished with six palmettes connected with tendrils-a pattern known in Attic pottery from the second half of the fifth century on.159) This sturdy wine cup is of a type well known from recent finds in northern Greece (cf. von Bothmer. constitute a table service that on the analogy of similar finds in South Russia and Arzos (northern Greece) can be dated in the second half of the fourth century B.1 grams.4 cm. idem. 1971 (1972.72-76.118. said to have been found together in Prusias (Bithynia). (1972.7 cm. 69. (1972. 88.118. Silver kyathos. New York. 47. pls. p. weight 220.The kyathos is in the tradition of the archaicladles of which the Museum has many examples. 13.. 276.118. 37. Bibliography:D.4 cm. 24. no...8 cm. von Bothmer. The drinking cup is of a shape well known from bronze and terracotta kylikes. no. weight 150. 100-101.C. 184. diameter 9. The upper end of the stem is bent back to form a hook that terminates in a duck's head and neck. p.118.Height 6. 307. diameter of bowl 7. Baker. has a duck's-head finial. York. G.and RomanAntiquities.. 160-61.C. in TheSearchforAlexander. and pp. pls. 1961.Length 13. p. 266-69. 275. Bequest of WalterC.1 cm.Esq.Esq.160) The bowl has a slight depression on the bottom. weight 124. S24-28. 91-92.162) These five objects.8 cm. York. p. 164). fig.2 grams. D. nos. 13.. (1972. The SearchforAlexander .AncientArtinAmericanPrivateCollections. p.95 cm. diameter 15.13 cm. Greek.62 cm. no. nos.Antikenin deutschemPrivatbesitz.6 grams. (1972. 100. no. The phiale has sometimes been called Persian. 52. Baker. late fourth century B.118. 1971. The foot and handles are worked separatelyand soldered on. Bibliography:D. Group of objects said to have been found at Prusias. weight 49. A. nos. 1961. 120. with handles raised. 142. Bequest of WalterC.161) 73. in TheSearchforAlexander. pls. WalterCummingsBaker.in TheSearchforAlexander. Silver phiale. 32 cm. on the shoulder. 13. Silver kylix. 68-69. New idem. no. diameter 9. The cup and stem are worked from a single piece of silver. the handle. The lower part of the wall is chased with flutings surmounted by a narrow guilloche and.Greek.
partlyobscuredby the handles.diameter10. the center of the undersideis decoratedwith a rosette-here composedof sixteenpetals. 12 (with complete references).46 cm. p. Ex coll. von Bothmer. 1921 (21.C..thirdcenturyB.Height to top of handles7.3 grams.12-10.Greek.partlyhidden.1982. whichis raisedseparatelyandlikewise soldered.thatarelightly incised.79.74cm. diameter15. Alexander. S42 (with earlierreferences).Jr.34).Height 4.Supplement. the foot.to the left of the lettersa sixpointeddot circleis punchedmoredeeply.The floraldecoration andthe ridgearechased.with anothertwenty-five.RogersFund. As on the Prusiasphiale(no.C.alphaandgamma.is in two degreesandbearsa kymationon the uppermember. no. as is the ridge encirclingthe tips of the leavesat the junction of lip andbody. ribbedleaves.Greek.RogersFund.62) The handlesarecastandsolderedon.in TheSearchfor New York.Saidto be fromAkarnania (Greece).is a broaderbandof ivy leavesand corymbs. andfollowingthat.width 18 cm.1977.1916 (16. CecilHarcourtSmith This libationbowl bearson the outsideof the offset lip justbelow the rimtwo Greek letters.4 cm. .88. weight 378.5 cm.Saidto havebeenfound in Athens. Silverphiale. 42. to top of rim 7.SilverfortheGods.All the ornamentalzones aregilt. Bibliography:A. Silverkylix. Oliver.The innerleaves andthe rosettearegilded.Belowthe rima narrowwavepatternencirclesthe cup. 48 80.fourthcenturyB. Bibliography:D. no. arrangedin an innercircle.25 cm. 75). Aroundthis rosetteandreachingallthe way up to the beginningof the offset lip are twenty-fivepointed. p. 12.weight 170 grams.
with lid.the pitcherhason its slightly depressedbottoma gilt floralrosettecomposedof two differentquatrefoils. (1972.2 grams. Height. In addition. nos. 5.2 grams. von Bothmer.diameterof base6.157) 82.158) 83.late fourth-thirdcenturyB.without lid.Bequestof Walter C.118.25 cm. weight 64.75 cm.118.Height 8.2 cm.diameter10.118.9grams. Silverstrigil(scraper).weight 130. Silverkylix.1971.35 cm.2 grams. Bibliography:D.Height to top of handles 8.155) The strigilandthe kylixareundecorated.14 cm.118. S43-47 (with completeearlierreferences).(1972.in TheSearchfor New York. -C Q .51cm.C.1cm. to top of rim9. diameter6. (1972.width 18. (1972.45 cm. pp. Supplement. Baker.1 cm.1 cm.81-85.weight 157. Group of five silver objects said to have been found together Greek.andthe pyxis havechasedornamentalbandsthataregilt. but the bottle. Silverperfumebottle.7 cm. Aleander.The pyxisbearsengravedconcentriccircleson the underside.the pitcher.9 grams.(1972. diameter8.156) 85.1982.weight91.weight97. Height 11. 12-13. 8L Silverpyxiswith lid.Length25.3 cm. 6. Silverpitcher(handlemissing).118.154) 84.
21 (1962-63). In anyevent. 23A.1962 (62. but the inscriptionmayhavebeenadded laterwhen the bowl changedownership.the decorationwith acorns occursas earlyas the latesixthcenturyB.C.in MMABulletinn.Pausippos.C.Pausileon. Therearetwo incisedinscriptions on the outsidein the flatzone around the depressionof the omphalos.The Carthaginian charactersaredatedin the thirdcenturyB.is workedin repousse.One.. E. pp.4-22.C.weight 747 grams.the other three. Ancient weightswerebasedon monetaryunits."which maybe restoredto Pausias. of the traditionalGreek form anddecoration.the smallerones in the lowerpartwith simplerornaments basedon stylizedlotuses.Greek.s.C.as we learnfromthe Romancopiesfoundin Hadrian'svilla. diameter22.the acornsalsoappearon the phialaiheldby the caryatidsof the Erechtheumon the Acropolisin Athens. Bibliography:D.7 cm..six solderingmarksaroundits peripheryindicatethatseparategold ornamentswereonce attachedto it.moredeeply engraved. on a fragmentaryphialefromCyprusnow in Warsawandmusthavebeentraditional: not only aregold andsilverphialaiin temple inventoriesoften called"phialaiakylotai"or "phialaibalanotai"(both adjectivesreferringto acorns). 154-66.11."Pausi.acornsincreasingin size towardthe rim. pl.perhapsfourthcenturyB. Strong.readingfromrightto left. is in Punic(Carthaginian)charactersthatindicatethe weight.75 cm. Goldphialemesomphalos..or Pausistratos. D. 97-98.1) This libationbowl. 50 . The motifs arearrangedin fourconcentric circlesof thirty-threeelementseach:the bottomrow representsbeechnuts.. pp. The other inscription.givenhereas 180.On the insideof the phialea collararoundthe omphalosdisplaysfifteencircumscribed palmettes. in Greekletterstracedverysketchily.86.1966.Height 3. Greekand RomanGoldand SilverPlate.RogersFund. Pausimachos. von Bothmer.and if we dividethe preservedweightin grams by 180 we obtaina unitveryclosein weight to thatof the Attic drachmain the period betwen429 and230 B.givesthe beginningof a name.The largerintersticesin the top register aredecoratedwith bees.
Richterand C.whichwouldhaveset off the a jour of the framemost effectively.HandbookoftheGreekCollection. M.The decoration.25 cm.Chmielowski The bronzediskof the mirroris attachedto a dome-shapedwooden backequippedwith a ringhandle. Ex coill.On the oppositeside. Alexander. A.1). p.). p.andleavesthatservesas a feeding groundfor fourgracefulherons. pp.weight 242 grams. On the better-preserved side.is a rinceauof palmettes. E.7 cm. A.especiallySouth Russia.C. Trevor. 1953.In this floralsetting a pairof Erotesflyingtowardeach otherappearon eachsideof the bowl. K.64 cm. in BritishMuseumQuarterly23 (1961). Bibliography:CatalogueoftheAmenricanArt New York. .The frame is borderedby beading. 1966. 70ff. "Foundat Olbiain SouthRussia between1900 and1918. Height 7. no. 81. - . GreekandRomanGold and SilverPlate. Bronzemirrorwith wooden backing set in a silver-giltframe. p.The frame. V. Bibliography:CatalogueoftheAmericanArtGalleries.2).50. Greco-BactrianArt 1940.RogersFund. 23-25.50. 106b. New York.1922 (22. Treasures. D.1922. P.Chmielowski The decorationon the bowl is in repousse. pp.-~ ~__relief ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~> 88. 110. fig. Archaeology 51 ." areknownfromthe East.6 cm. where the nailheadsarecamouflagedby the centers of the floralvolutes. 43. Saidto havebeen found at Olbiain SouthRussiain 1917. 2. 23-25. LateHellenistic. Corbett and D.castin cire-perdu. J.from whichrisetendrilsthatterminatein flowers andfan-shapedpalmettes.weight. Featuredon the bottomis a starrosetteof eight pointswith leavesbetween. no.the righthand of the Eroson the left is hidden.C. E.1922 (22.1922. 753."is contradictedby a mountedphotographof this mirrorin the archivesof the BritishMuseumthatbears the label(datedFebruary1911):"Saidto Suchmirrors havebeenfound in Bulgaria. G. G. 127. 52. fig. fig. E.It wasfastenedwith nailsalong the overhangingflangeandon top.Feb.inAmericanJournalof (1947). Strong. no. MMA Bulletin17 (1922). 745 (ill.depth5. 311grams. slipsoverthe wooden backingandthe disk likea collar.Diameter16. The provenancein the firstpublication (1922). 6. Silver-giltbowl.It hasbeensuggestedthatthe wooden backmayhavebeencoveredwith fabric.with backing. Galleries.second-first centuryB.RogersFund. 221ff.J. diameter14.the one facinghim carriesa kantharosby the handle.87. M. . p. 134.Saidto havebeen found in Bulgariabefore1911.in openwork.Hellenistic. flowers. Ex coil. Strong.Feb. fourth-thirdcenturyB.the Eroson the left holdsa stemmedcupwhilethe one on the rightapproachesplayingthe double flutes.no. Richter.
RogersFund.Athena. HarrisBrisbaneDick Fund. M.5 cm. 363ff.inAmericanJournal (1941).(47. pp.(39. pp.11.Saidto havebeen found togetherat Spina.9):height4. and (1950).1947 (47.andAres.a reclining woman(or goddess)is playingthe tympanon.The chiefsubjectin the outerzone is the triumphalapotheosisof Heraklesin a cortegeof four chariotsdrivenby Victories. Olympusat the weddingof HeraklesandHebe: Hebe is offeringa phiale anda wreathto Herakles. The chariotof Dionysosis followed by those of Herakles. weight 458 grams. ofArchaeology 52 .and the compositionis concludedby Ariadne andDionysosandanold hairysilenplaying the flutes. latefifthcenturyB.The lowerzone. diameter(estimated)25 cm. Bibliography:G. weight464 grams.Erosis proffering a wine cup to an old silenwho helps himselfto food.who areflankedon the left by an incenseburnerandon the rightby a panther. A.6 cm. nextcomesApollo playing the kitharaanda museplayingthe harp.C. 90.showsgods feasting on Mt.11.Greek. diameter (estimated)25 cm.thatattestto the popularityof the subject.9) Both phialaiwerehammeredoverthe same matrixandaredecoratedwith the samesubjects.1939 (39.89. 357ff. the outerof whichis much broader. The mainsceneis knownfromseveral replicas.4):height4.11.some of laterdate.a smallwingedfigureis flying towardAphroditeandAres. Pairof silvered-tinphialai. Richter.11.The insideof eachphialeis divided into two zones. the predella.4).
(For the Chertomlyksword and scabbardsee most recentlyThe Metropolitan Museumof Art catalogueFromtheLandsofthe Scythians.1975. pp. color pl.he has placedtwo heraldicwinged griffins.Saidto have beenfoundnearNikopol in SouthRussia.those in the middle becomesomewhatsmaller.91. 108-109. RogersFund. A. Bibliography:G.fourthcenturyB.at rightanglesto the sheath proper.a battlebetweenGreeks andbarbarians ragesoverthe entirelength. 1863.12) This swordsheathhasbeenknownsince before1914. pp. The Greek artistwho decoratedthe gold platehas dividedit into threeparts.) 53 . 10.in the roughlytriangularextension parallelto the mainscenea lion hasleaped on a fallowdeer.1930 (30.as photographsof it wereformerlyin the ImperialRussianInstitutein Constantinople. 1/447.andthe ones on the rightareeitherkneelingor fallen. As the scabbardtaperstowardthe chapethe figuresareadaptedto the diminishing height.The shapeis thatof the traditionalScythianscabbardsfor the akinakes. Goldplatefor a scabbard.C. 109-30.Thusthe warriorson the left are completelyupright. Richter. M. of whichthe best preservedis in the Hermitage(Dn.448).11.5 cm. Greek.Length54.in MMAStudies4 (1933).In the mainfrieze.At the chevronshapedapex.for whichthe artistusedthe samematrixason the Chertomlykscabbard in the Hermitage.behindthis groupa smallerwingedgriffinslaysa deer.
Mr.Mr.Not enoughsilverof the earlyHellenisticage hasbeen recovered to be certainwhetherthe silverwasmadein Tarantoor in easternSicily.Howard J. Height 6.andMr.19) The underside of the bowl bears a sixpetalled rosette done in repousse.Mrs.7-13) This groupof fifteenobjects.JeromeLevyFoundation. the underside of the lid of . third century B. especially. weight 479 grams. NorbertSchimmel. 1981-82. SpearsGifts.15-22. For the floral motif of the emblema compare. Purchase. Near the rim is a wreath of pointed leaves. Almost directly below this.Mr.ClassicalPurchase Fund. rendered less symmetrically. Hoard of silver vases and utensils. (1981.92-106.RogersFund.in the background.whichfromthe second centuryon renderslocalattributionsso difficult. perhaps the weight.ChristosG. 54 92.VincentAstor. a band of fern leaves set in panels. a narrow band of wave patterns is followed by a pronounced ridge topped by beading and.andMrs.Barnet.and Mrs. The floral pattern on the emblema is particularlyrich: a garnet is set in the center of a sixteen-petalled rosette. Hellenistickoine. The inside has four concentric decorative bands. parcel gilt. MartinFried. below that. ThomasA.andparallelsfor some detailsof shapeandornamentationoccuralso in the East(especiallyPergamon)andin the South Weareon the roadtowarda (Alexandria).C. The bottom of the bowl is embellished with an emblema worked in repousse and soldered to a circular frame with four sprockets that in turn is soldered to the bowl. There is beading along the inner edge of the frame. Deep bowl.1982.C.11. with eight other flowers.HarrisBrisbaneDick Fundand Anonymous. from which spring four acanthus leaves separated by four nymphaea nelumbo.WalterBareiss. represents some of the finestHellenisticsilverknown fromMagnaGraecia. Hellenistic.presumably found togethera generationago.andMrs.8 cm. diameter (estimated) 21 cm. held together by four sleeves set at regular intervals and twelve spiraling bands.11.but it canbe reasonablyassumedthatthe objectsareof the thirdcenturyB. A notation in pointed Greek letters gives the number 127 preceded by a symbol. Bastis.andwithinthatperiodof the secondhalfratherthanearlier.Decorativemotifs not only enjoya long life but travelfreely.andMrs.. (1981.11.
the humanpartsof herbody in veryhigh relief. Deep bowl.11. Height 6. The petals on the two top tiers are rounded. on the bottom. Below the wreath appear an egg-and-dart pattern and. likewisefinned. since one of its component angular strips is not gilt and crosses or is crossed by the gilt strip. no doubt the weight. in addition. diameter 22 cm. As on the previous bowl. weight 407 grams. The repousseemblemamayhaveoriginallybeenthe lid of a pyxis.22) Scylla. Silver bowl.Both armsareraisedabove herhead. 95). 2. alternate between acanthus and pointed ones. weight 418 grams.Height 2 cm. Height 7 cm.Perhapsthe vasefor whichthe Scyllaservedas a coverwas damagedbeyondrepairin antiquity. Emblema. thus hidingits rosette.parcelgilt. parcel gilt. acanthus. The layers of leaves are. soldered to the inside. close to the tips of the floral rosette. nymphaea. The next decorative band is a kymation of special shape. parcel gilt. somewhat larger. Scyllahurlinga rock.11. on top.whilethe dog on the right.the seamonsterwho livedin a cavein a cliffoff the Straitsof Messina.1930.8 cm.is shown frontally. the ornamentation below the rim is a wreath held together by sleeves and spiral straps. Scylladoes not spurnjewelry. 94. A slight hollow in the very center may have held a small garnet. Wuilleumier.The lowerpartof her body is formedby two long fishtails. plain leaves with a central spine.(1981.The underside of the framein whichit restsis notched. On the outside of the rim the number 25 is preceded by the same symbol as written on no.the pyxis in the TarantoTreasure(Rothschild collection.is eyeinga dolphin.with frame. like nos. which is followed by a somewhat broader zone of swastika maeanders and saltire squares.and.encirclesher body. Le Tresor de Tarente. Here. a guilloche.andthe ownersalvagedthe beautifulrepousserelief andaddedit to one of his valuablebowls. This bowl held at one time. and. 92 and 93. andtracesof soldershow thatit wasonce attachedto the insideof bowl no.a wolf-headedseasnake. the emblema with a Scylla (no. 92. each layer is a hexafoil.20) The separatelyworked central emblema is an elaborate rosette of different petals and leaves arranged in three tiers.the socalledketos. The decorative bands encircling the inside of the bowl on three levels are somewhat simpler: on the inside of the rim an egg-and-dart band is followed by a wave pattern. 95.2 cm. 93. 55 . 93.11. after a brief interval. and on the opposite wall is the ligature eta and rho.for she wearstwo gold bracelets.Fromherhipsspringthreedogs.5 cm.The junctionof Scylla'shumanhalfandthe forepartsof the dogs is cleverlycamouflagedby a finworn likea skirt. lastly. pl. A garnet is set in the center.as she is aboutto hurla largeboulder. The one in the centerhascaninepawsandeatsa fish. the leaves on the bottom. farther down comes a pronounced welt with beading in the middle and.21) This bowl. 2). a wave pattern. On the outside of the rim are remnants of a numerical notation in Greek letters. 10.the one on the left (withfinsfor feet) devoursa sepia. (1981. has a central leaf-rosette of three different layers. The maeander gives the effect of a third dimension.weight 81 grams. next.diameter.Grimand ferociousthoughshe is. This bowl bears two notations in pointed Greek letters. (1981. P. diameter (estimated) 22.
I >4 -' I fd'.1!1J . ra?if~~ .
(1982.weight 178 grams. 57 . 72). andthe outlinesof the geometricpatternof six pentagonsabutting a centralhexagonthatcoversthe outsideof the bowl. Withinthiswheelformedby the wavecirclethe surfacehasbeen deliberatelyroughenedto insurebetteradhesionof the gold leaf. Bowlswith this patternareknownin terracottafromPergamon andCorinthandin glassfromGordion. 99.one earring.is a wordnot unlikethe notation"fromthe war"on the altar(no.andherbracelet.gilt.andpartsof the theatricalmask below it.precededby a tau andan eta.31 cm.weight104 grams.parcelgilt.In the zone aroundit.parcelgilt.diameter8. Heightto top of handles184.108.40.206A-C) Likethe altar(no.10) Thissmallphialeis unusualin thatit is equippedwith threesaucershapedfeet thatkeepit fromwobbling. parcelgilt. Skyphos. Height 7.this pyxiswas"sacredto the gods.64-13.15) This ladleis one of the latestin the Museum'scollectionbutcontinues in the traditionof the one fromPrusias(no. Kyathos.diameter 13.5 cm.11. hastilytraced.parcelgilt. 100. 98.It cannothavebeena powderbox or cosmeticcontainer but mustratherhavebeenthe receptaclefor the incensethatwas burnedon the altar.partof the handle. Pitcher. In the centerof the undersideis a numericalnotation:"nine"precededby the symbolthatlookslikea Romanthree. weight299 grams.(1982. Height 9.weight 148 grams.11.11. decoratesthe lower moldingof the pyxis.The patternworkon the insideis gilt: twelveelongatednarrowbossesradiatearoundthe omphalos.The slopingtop of the foot is decoratedwith a kymation.two suspendedivy wreathswith berriestied with sashes(atoppositesides).diameter8. Onlytracesof whatmayhavebeena weightnotationin pointed lettersremainvisibleon the outsideunderthe incrustation. Pyxis.It consistsof threeparts:the pyxisproper. Height 2. and holdinga hornof plentyfilledwith grapes.aswellason the hairof Ploutos.(1981.diameterof bowl 5.(1981.8 cm. On the undersideof the foot aretwo inscriptionsin dottedGreek letters:EPMAanddeltaandomega. The bodywasraisedfroma diskof sheetsilverand.84 cm.diameter14.75 cm.weight 151grams.likemost Hellenistic silver.44 cm (originallyca.with threefeet formedby the pawsof lions.connectedat theirtips by a circularbandof waves.Gilding is limitedto the attachmentsof the decoratedhandlesandthe wavepatternon the lowerparts. to top of rim7. (1981. The subjectmustbe DemeterandPloutos.Length247 cm.The gildingis limitedto the kymationon the shoulder. A similarsilverpyxisin Basel(BS 607) containedcoinsof Hieron II of Syracuse(274-216 B.17) The handlesandthe foot areworkedseparatelyandsolderedon.13 cm.A Lesbiankymation. 102)."aswe learnfromthe Greekinscriptionin dottedletterson the edge of the underside.weight119 grams.pomegranates. 102).11.The subjectof the reliefis a goddessseatedon a rock. The endof the handleis in the shapeof a deer'shead.85-14. 14 cm). Height 5. andthe undersideof the foot is coveredwith a profileddisk.Forthe conventionof placingthreesmallsupportsunderthe convexbottom of a vasecomparethe Hellenisticterracottabowl in Bowdoin Collegethathasthreecomicmasks. otherfruit.finishedon a lathe.34 cm.11.diameter12.16) The gildingis limitedto the groovededge of the rim. Phialemesomphalos.7cm.aninfantseatedon herlapholdson to the cornucopia. Hemisphericalbowl.Theseoutlines areengravedandreinforcedwith rowsof dots at irregularintervals. 101.anda lid in repousse.5 cm."27"in pointedGreekletters. an innercontainer.Gildingis preservedon the cornucopiaandits contents.(1982.13) The handleandfoot areworkedseparatelyandsolderedon.The inscribeddot letterson both sidesof the top of the stemhaveso fardefiedtransliteration.3 cm.a guilloche borderedby beadingdirectlybelowthe rimon the outside.parcelgilt.1 cm.c.herhair.diameterof foot 5.). Underthe foot is a weightnotation.71cm. 97.on the himationof Demeterand on hershoes.
On the upper moldinga narrowbandof lotus flowers (alternatinglyuprightanddownward)is followedby an egg-and-dartpattern.I knowof only one parallelin silver.The tips werecastseparatelyand insertedinto the openingon top.of rectangularshape with an inset anda lid.8):74.29. (1982.11.The latteraredone in dot letters:one reads "sacredto the gods"andis followedby the letterpianda symbolresemblinga Roman three.Perhapsthe horns wereaddedto a bronzehelmetor one made of leather. The preliminary.Two insetsfit into the openingon top: a shallowbasinequipped with loops for two handlesanda somewhat largerbasinwith anoverhangingrim.the otherdot inscriptiongivesa monogram composed of a delta and a mu. Forsuchminiaturealtars. On the undersideof the baseseveral Greekinscriptionscanbe read.Lengthof each15.83 cm. (1981.parcelgilt.11. is richly profiled and has garlandssuspendedfrombucrania.connectedwith one anotherby a heavygarlandof vine leavesandother foliage.102.104.andit wascoveredwith the lid.comesa row of starsandfivepointsarrangedlike rosettes. a triglyph-metopepatternbandin which the triglyphsareleft silverwhilethe metopesaregilt. lightlyscratchedinscriptions read"sacredto the gods"and"sacred to allthe gods. the rectangularbasemeasures10.7):70 grams. separatedfromit by beading. It wassold in Lucerneat auction(ArsAntiqua3 [Apr.11. the two insetswerenestedinside the altar. Smallportablealtar.no."Addedacrossthe middle.9A-E) The altaris madeof differentpartsand includesaccessories.othersarefinished.At the bottom a plainbandof gold is separatedfroma kymationby beading. too. 1961].finally.below the starsandrosetteswe find a band(not gilt) of verticallinesand. Eachhornwashammeredfroma silverstrip androlledwith the edgesfoldedoverand welded. The outsideof the altarproperandthe top of its lid areornamented.some are lightlyscratched.is a notation "fromthe war. It. At mid-levelof the altar four bulls'skulls(bucrania)areshown frontally. 58 ."Lastly.next to it.in anotherhandandin largerletters.A hollow cylinder workedin the repoussetechniqueis solderedto a castbase.5 cm.indicatingthatthe hornswere attachedto an objectmadeof anothermaterialby meansof studs.6 by 10.5 grams.3cm. 132) andhasdisappearedfrom view. The lower openingis crimpedandthe flangeis perforated. Pairof horns. Height 11.weight (1981. 103.When not in use.we havea numericalsevenprecededby the ligature thatlooks likea Romanthree.
5 cm. pp..1-4). 24. 6.the convention is common on Boeotian bird bowls. however. h. which helped to balance it when it was filled with wine and stood upright.5 grams. pl. 194ff. 204-205.8 cm. andit is not unlikelythatthe pottersacceptedthisconventionfrom metalware.6 cm. e. Ugolini inAlbania Antica3 (1942). (1981. 100. pp.12): height 18.. 34. (1982. andpl. 173-74. 105) has a gilt guilloche directly below the rim. the earliestAttic examplefor an upside-downfriezeis Boston03. The notion of putting some vases upside down when not in use has affected the decoration of painted vases from as early as the sixth century B. 100. the earliestterracotta bowlwith cockleshellsis one foundin the AthenianAgorathatwas publishedanddiscussedby StellaMillerin Hesperia43 (1974). and even some Attic cups. 19.18): height 19.comparealsono. 132. pl.11. CorpusVasorumAntiquorum(Heidelberg)1 (1954). the silver-giltphiale. pl. 9. both stemmed and flat bottomed. p.11. In Hellenistic times masks or cockleshells often servedas supportsfor drinkingcupswithouta foot or base. maskson reliefbowlsarediscussed desDeutschenArchaologischen Instituts by W.3 grams. There is much gilding in the heads on the two silver bowls. weight 891. 59 .106. the heads were upside down: when not in use. 5-6). with the three supporting masks right side up. Pair of buckets. 234. the larger one (no. diameter 26. ZuchnerinJahrbuch 65/66 (1950-51). 32. diameter 26. M.p.C.Forthe Boeotianconventionof painting birdsin flightupsidedown see. but a terracotta bowl found at Butrinto in Albania is of comparable size.26 cm. 43. The Butrintobowl is publishedby L.g.105 105. 23.pp. pls. There the comic mask is accompanied by one of a young satyr and another of an old satyr. No exact parallelsin silver are known. parcel gilt.784 (CorpusVas[Boston]2 . weight 820. Two of the masks are of a young person (Dionysos?). 8. in addition. no. the bowls sat on their rims. p. Boeotian lekanides. The orumAntiquorum masksof the youngpersonresemblethe gold headsof the Thessalianhoardthatis partlyin Hamburg(Athenische Mitteilungen50 . Each of the two parabolic bowls has three knobs in the shape of theatricalmasks. In this position. no. pl. the third is of a comic actor.
106 Detail of no. 106 _ . 105 __ 60 __am I_ Detail of no.
diameterof base5.Jr.DA andMV.9 grams.in 1968.writtenin the samestyle.4 cm.threesilver objectsthatfor the longesttime wereconsideredEtruscanuntilDonaldE. weight 54. with lid in place.27 cm.Fromthe base springthreeengravedacanthusleavescoveredwith gilding.(03.8.strigilswere madefroma stripof metal. Hellenistic.4 cm.belowthe lowerattachmentof the handles.6) The body andthe lid with its slightoverhangareraised. curvedpartwashammeredinto the traditionalshape. Pyxiswith conicalcover.a word thatalsooccurs. The Bolsena Silver.7 cm." punchedrathercrudelyon the shoulderof one side.The gilt ornamentation on the overhangof the lid is a Lesbian kymationthatmirrorsthe one alongthe moldingabovethe base.parcel gilt. Height.it wasworkedseparatelyandlaid likea collaroverthe originalrimof the neck.thirdcenturyB. to rimonly. 61 .weight120. on manyof the bronzesfromthe same find.parcelgilt.andterracottavases andutensilsanda gold ring. Etruscandottedlettersonce againmark the strigilas"ofthe tomb"(suthina).the lid is toppedby a cast spindle-shapedfinial.12cm.The lower. An Etruscantomb discoverednearBolsena (the ancientVolsinii). 1977.in Etruscandottedletters.separatedby two verticaldots.On top of the lid sevenpointedgilt leavesalternatewith sevenleft plain. pp. whichsometimesterminatesin a leafshapedfinial.weight82 grams.aretoilet accessories andwereusedchieflyby athletesto scrape awaythe oil andsandon theirskin.C. stressedtheirclosestylisticaffinities with ApulianHellenisticsilverware.The top of the mouthslopestowardthe narrow opening.There arealsotwo monograms.6 cm. Toledo.or scrapers.besidesa greatdealof obviously Etruscaniron.a smalltown about twelvemilessouthwestof Orvieto. Strong.Halfwaybetween thesetwo a banddecoratedwith anivy rinceauencirclesthe body. The dateshouldbe earlyin the thirdcen- 109..the returnof the handle.it mustthereforebe assumedthat thesepiecesof silverwereacquiredby an Etruscanwho laterwas buriedwith them.24. 1903.Like manyof the ladlesor spoons. bronze. The inscription"suthina"appearsboth on the lid andon the body.24. Oliver. 107.5) The curvinghandlesarehammeredfrom stripsof silverandattachedto the shoulder andthe mouthof the vasewith solder.14. tury B. Amphoriskos(perfumevase). 108. Strigil.Height 15.(03.Exceptfor theseadjunctsthe vase itselfis raisedin one piece.Length27.SilverfortheGods.contained.107-109.C. Bibliography:A.(03.andsuspendedfromthe shoulder.aretwo necklacesterminatingin ivy leaves.waslikewisehammered.12cm. In additionto the word"suthina.the legend"suthina"(whichis commonlyrenderedas "ofthe tomb"). 54-57 (with earlierreferences).The gilt necklacesappearto be tied to broadfilletswith tasselsthatare crownedaboveby a floralwreath.All threeobjectsbear.7) Strigils.24. diameter 7.andbetweenthe pointsof theselongerleavesarethe tips of fourteen gilt acanthuses. Rogers Fund. to top of body 4.a monogramcomposedof the lettersD andMI separatedby two vertical dots appearson the bottom.and the finialwasthensolderedto the underside of the curvedportion.4 grams.
but similar silver bowls or basins with swinging handles were found in Macedonia (cf. in Greek letters. notably three in Berlin and one in London.258. H.54) The handle terminates above in the head and neck of a duck or swan. Die Numidier. Height 11. pp. diameter 7. handles. the early Hellenistic silver from Montefortino must represent loot. 1908 (08. a gold ring and five silver vessels. a bronze saucepan. Length 20 cm. two plain pointed terracotta amphorae. with details of the head and plumage chased.6 cm. Riiger. Rogers Fund. a bronze wine jug.7 cm. 111. Pair of stemless silver cups. 112 has. Excavations carried out in a necropolis at Montefortino (about thirty miles west of Ancona in central Italy) uncovered. Height 11.C.52): 19. 114. Rogers Fund.03 cm. diameter of bowl 5. (08. (08.258. 62 110. 112.SilverfortheGods. The conical projections in the center may be derived from certain Etruscan bronze phialai of the fourth century B. and feet are cast separately and soldered together.43 cm. knives. The shape is rare. Silver kyathos. the cone in the center of no. an iron strigil. B. The foot was worked separatelyand the swinging handles were hammered and slipped into the tubelike projections that are attached with solder on opposite sides of the rim. Each tondo is decorated with a complex floral pattern.C. Silver jug. Width (08.113. The MolltefoLtio Hoard. Toledo. The tomb (number 33) contained not only iron weapons. G. and spits.258. the beginning of his name (lambda. as preserved.53 cm. Silver bowl with swinging handles.258. 1977. who in the early fourth century B.53): 18 cm. diameter 17. The scheme of decoration is known from other silver cups. The underside of the foot is richly profiled.3 cm. pp.52): 297 grams. . 1908. Bibliography:A. Oliver. 1979.27 cm.Bonn.258. weight (08.110-114. The cups. The cone projections in the center were also made separatelyand riveted to the bowl. The silver from this tomb is obviously not of local production but must have been an "importation" from another part of Italy. had begun to invade central Italy and whose intermittent raids extended as far as Apulia. 62-66 (with earlierreferences). (08. Since the cemetery is that of Gauls. in addition. and this is exceptional for the cemetery. 295ff).258. the burial of a Gallic warrior. This ladle is somewhat shorter than the others known of this period. 255 grams. and numerous terracotta plates and cups but also.2 cm. diameter 13.53): 309 grams. weight 242 grams. a bronze cauldron with a swinging iron handle. upsilon.Jr. An owner's graffito on the inside of the bowl gives. Both: height to rim 3.chi).50) This bowl is relatively thin-walled. in December 1895. Horn and C..51) The handle is cast separately and attached with solder to the mouth and the shoulder. The five silver vases can be dated on stylistic grounds to the end of the fourth century B. (08.C. weight 91 grams. weight.258. nineteen tongues on its slope.
112 113 63 .
w r iJ I a (rI am 64 .
49.bill.elevenounces.as hasbeen convincinglyargued.Thereareno inscriptions.foundtogether:technique.whichmayhavebeencaused by corrosionandcleaning. Two cups.andthe bowlswerefinishedon a lathebeforethe handlesandfeet were attachedwith solder. The bowls.is the lateRepublican period.Height to top of rim 6.The date. indeed.5) The ladleis of the traditionalform:the hook on top of the stemterminatesin the headof a duckwith eyes. Kyathos.6-9) 115.cannotbe disproved.5cm.86 cm.The endsof the handlesterminatein stylizedducks' heads. 116. Width (20. 1977. pp.5 cm. two [cups].of whichthe Museumhaseight.daughter(or wife) of Lucius.andfeet werecastseparately. Pairof cochlearia(snailspoons).2 grams.35 cm. threescruples).9 grams Cochleariawasthe Latintermfor spoons used.weight 5.47cm.. (20.probablythe middleof the firstcenturyB.49. weight (20.diameter10.but the identificationis not absolutelycertain.6 grams.C. (20. 53-59. Both: heightto top of rim9. diameter of bowl 4.49.3): 16.3): 449.The dotted LatininscriptionestablishesSattia's ownershipandthe weight (two ounces.49.66 to 15.See alsonos.5 grams. it is considerablysmaller andits bowl is muchdeeper.weight 149. inArcheologie54 (June1981).whenthe civilwarsin Romemay haveforcedthe familythatowned the silver to buryit for safekeeping. handles. RogersFund.Thoughthe exactcircumstancesof the discoveryarenot known.weightsvarying from12.15-124.likethe six fromthe sameset in Chicago.Tivoli. 98-109.49.The bowl wasraisedto the desiredheightandthe long spoutwas subsequentlyshapedby stretchingthe metalthroughhammering.anda Lesbiankymationon the foot. Toledo.24 cm. 65 .The ornamentationis in the bestHellenistictradition:a kymation on the outsideof the lip.Comparedto the earlier EastGreeksilverladles.ears. a slightgrooveruns allthe wayaroundthe insideof the rim.11):length12.and fartherdown a circleis lightlyincised.(20.this representsa loss of 45 grams.4 grams. Fourspoons. The pointedendsareadmirablysuitedfor extractingthe snailfromthe shell. Eachcup hasconcentriccircleson the undersideof the foot.49.two pounds.has beenassociatedwith thatof a wine ladlewhichthe Roman encyclopedistVarrocalleda trulla.36 cm.49.117. 118."[belonging to] Sattia.for eatingsnails.and plumageincised. a ladle. Thatthe cupswereintendedas a pairis provedby the Latindot-inscriptionon the undersideof eachfoot thatstates.andsix spoons arepartof a serviceof thirtypieces now dividedbetweenthe FieldMuseumof NaturalHistoryin Chicagoandthe MetropolitanMuseum. diameterof bowl 8. Bibliography:A.7 cm.12): length11. 116.Here the discrepancy betweenactualandrecordedweightis a merethreegrams.(20.weight6. Spoutedpitcher.117 Thesefourspoons. The "Svoli Hoard" of table silve.24 cm.andowner'smarksestablishthe cohesionof the group.with its long troughlikespout.the allegedprovenance. 1920.A V-shapedgrooveon the underside alongthe junctionof bowl andhandlesimulatesan attachmentby solderof two separateparts. idem. 123. as the namebetrays. 119-122.Lengthsvarying from14.1 grams. pp. (20. a guillocheon the shoulder.style. Oliver.Jr.5 to 17 grams. Pairofskyphoi. The shapeof this pitcher. sevenscruples.4) The foot andthe ringhandlearecastseparatelyandattachedto the body of the pitcherwith solder.The Field Museumin Chicagohassevenmoreof these spoons.weight 51.(20.49.7cm.2): 467.a spoutedjug.2): 16 cm.49.SilverfortheGods.aremadein one piece andhammeredratherthancast."Comparedto the current weightof the two cups.Length17.(20.nor need it be doubtedthatthe hoardwas.124.
I 66 --' =' VI? 'L .' i - '.-.
110-11. Bibliography:A. pp.In his righthandhe holdsa weapon. 125.perhapsa bow.C.lengthof eachstrigil21.for protection he haswrappeda cloakaroundhis left armandhandin the time-honoredtraditionof lion huntersthatcanbe tracedbackin Greekartto the sixthcenturyB.a gold necklace.To hisleft a houndin frontof a treeleaps to the attack.Roman.aswell as the breedof hound. A similarsilvercomb-and-pinwasfoundin a Romantombof a womannearAnconatogetherwith a pairof bronzestrigilson an iron ring.SilverfortheGods.SilverfortheGods.A smallAmorkneelson a rockto the left andlooksback. 1977.allmemoryof the Trasimenehoardhadvanished.the catchproperis attachedin one slot and.1947. andthe silverstrainerwassold at auctionin New York(Parke Bernet)on May11.The carryingringis flaton top but angular belowthe decorativemoldings.C.in the beliefthatit wasof the Migrationperiod. chargesto the left.The closestparallelto this pairof strigilson a ringis furnishedby the silverathleticequipmentof the samedatein Berlinthatalso includesanoil bottlewith a suspension chain(cf. Therethe hoardwasfurtherreduced anddispersed:HarrisDunscombeColt acquiredthe strigilson a ringandJosephBrummerboughtthe combandthe strainer.Forthe stippled backgroundof the huntingscene. so thattodayhalfthe Trasimenefindis once againunited. 44.the rock.Toledo.The combwasselectedby the MedievalDepartmentof the Museumas one of manyobjectsboughtfromthe estate.C.Jr.Hearst'ssilverpurchasesat that saleneverwentto SanSimeonbutweresoldoverthe counterat Gimbelsin New Yorkin 1943.8 grams. stayedbehindin Switzerland. his extensivecollectionof antiquitieswassold at auctionin Lucerne.C. 112 (with earlier references).whenpivoted.two gold earrings.3 grams.The protrudingendof the catchis in the shapeof a stylizedduck'shead.aboutfifthcenturyA. Length17.Toledo.the industrialistArnoldRuesch.). fig. 126.anda bronzemirror.525 cm.a lion. 109).the two sidesof the combcombinedillustratea lion hunt.88) The strigilsareworkedfromsinglestripsof silver(asis the one fromBolsena.The catchon top is formedby two slots. from the same hoard that also gives us the best parallelsfor the strigils. Oliver. but differfromthe earlierones in thatthe handleproperis angular.a silverpitcher. againin frontof a tree.with lighterlines for innermarkings. A Swisscollector. Diameterof ring 7.Gift of H.1947 (47.the junction ornamentalcuff. comparethe decorativebandon a smallsilverpitcherin Berlin(U. Roman.. pp. fitssnuglyinto the other.Mr.andthe treesareengraved. Pairofstrigils on a ring.mid-firstcenturyB.inBerlinerMuseen 23 ..for $50 to the WaltersArtGallery.FletcherFund. 126. anda strainer-were boughtby WilliamRandolphHearst. 41ff).a combinationcombandpin. Oliver. 1977.7cm. in 1936.7cm.total weight109. Bibliography:A. 1961(61. in BerlinerMuseen23 .hadin his villa in Zuricha groupof silverobjectssaidto havebeenfoundin the tombof a womannearthe LagoTrasimeno(the siteof Hannibal's victory over the Romans in 217 B. DunscombeColt. The 1asimene Silver.I sawthe strigilsin the collectionof HarrisDunscombeColt andthe ownergraciously gavethemto the Museum. Gehrig. Combinationcombandpin.100.27) The flatcombis set into a taperingoctagonalhandle.The contoursof the figures. p.andthe backgroundis stippled.On the othersideof the combtheirprey.125. p. Gehrig. 12).When Brummerdied in 1947.There the matterwouldhaverested. U. Seven years after his death.weight13.no..In the areabelowthe camouflagedby a rectangular teeth. 67 .threegold rings.a smallsilverkantharos.mid-firstcenturyB.This pavedthe wayto havethe comb fromthe samefindreclassifiedandtransferred fromthe Medievalto the GreekandRomanDepartmentin 1964.Jr.D.Of the silverhoardthreelots-a pairof strigilson a ring.but in April1961.while a fourthobject.
D.. Height 0. 68 128. Silverhandleof a vaseor lamp.127. nidis. 1918 (18.1910 (10.in low relief. p..5 cm.a wild goat anda wolf. 115). Height 4.8 cm.two femaleand two maletheatricalmasksalternate:the womenfaceleft. . ides.41) The casthandlewasonce attachedto a small cup (or perhapsa lamp).perhapsfirstcenturyA.. FLA.Jr. daughter of .67 cm..SilverfortheGods.RogersFund.37) The platewascastandfinishedon a lathe.D.latefirstto early secondcenturyA.Jr. the men right.Two of the four animalsbetween the heads. arerunning to the left.a lionessanda hound. Roman. Oliver. the others.SilverfortheGods.M..1977.the bodyof which is now missing. Toledo.Toledo. 1977.faceright. C.Rogers Fund.The lower finialshowsthe frontalheadof a lion in relief. Bibliography:A. weight 161grams..159. weight26 grams." The geni- tive endingsuggestssomethinglike"Aria.A.Roman.A lightlyscratchedcursive inscriptionhas been interpretedby AlanK. On the undersideof the platea dotted Latininscription.both frontlegs extendedhorizontally. Oliver. Forthe modelingof the panther'shead." For the masks and animalscomparea silvercup in Vienna (VII A 12).Saidto havebeenfoundnearRome. Besideeachmalemaskis a lagobolon(hunting stick)andnextto eachfemalemaskis a thyrsos. On the rim.givesthe initialsof an owner. Silverplate.the lagoboloiandthyrsoiareberibboned.145.Behindeach maskis a structureon whichcakesareset.diameter 12. the finialof a silverkyathosfromAsia Minormaybe compared(Boston61. pp.210. 150-51.The forepartof a panther emergesfroma flowerandbendsover. Bowman to read "Aria .
SilverfortheGods.ten scruples(202. diameter12.firstcenturyA. whichcorrespondscloselyto its actualcurrentweight.D. Length. RogersFund. p.whichwas usedasthe mirroringsurface.weight 192 grams.Lossof weightis normalowing to corrosionandrepeatedcleaning.20.11cm. Toledo.127) The disk.The slightlyconvexside. whereasthe slightlyconcavebackis decoratedwith a kymationframedby beading alongthe rimandby concentriccircles.the handle. 1977.Saidto be fromEgypt. Roman."followedby a ligaturebasedon the letterA andthe weightof one-halfpound. "Iris.andthe leaf-shaped supportarecastseparatelyandjoinedwith solder.to the rightof the leafsupport. 139. one ounce. no. Bibliography:A. 69 . Bowman)thatgivesthe owner'sname.129. is a Latininscription(readby AlanK. Silvermirror. 92.Jr. Oliver.286.4 cm.Also on the back..is plain.1907 (07.5 grams).
and the goats. the saddle cloth.5 grams. in addition to the big tree in the center. attacks from the right. bridle.5 cm. One hunter. Toledo. the mane. 1906 (06. There would have been another crescent-shaped cast handle on the opposite side that. The landscape.pp. Bibliography:A. . and the skull of a bull. The gilding is limited to the leaves of the tree. stumps of two other trees.Jr. and the hound.. weight 1438. hooves. parts of the heads of the lion.D. would have been the same shape and size but not necessarily identical in decoration. Length 36. parcel gilt. the eagles. which probably had a diameter of 58. also includes stylized rocks.SilverfortheGods. cover. form part of the ornamental frame. 152-53 (with earlier references). and three unidentified objects on the ground (two diamond-shaped. the horns of the gazelle. Six animal heads. mounted and accompanied by a hound. small plants lightly engraved on the background. the third oval). and rein of the horse. Oliver. another. This handle shows in relatively high relief a lion hunt in a landscape.130. A lioness has been cornered in her lair. parts of the rocky outcroppings.1106) The lower edge of the cast handle is grooved to fit into the rim of a dish (now lost). the skull. Rogers Fund. Roman. partly shielded by an elevation in the ground and keeping his balance by holding on to a branch of the big tree in the center. the deer. 1977. Silver handle of a large dish. the fur of the lioness. A gazelle and a doe run away from the confrontation.5 cm. the mantles of the hunters. attacks from above. second century A. on the analogy of the pair found in the harbor ofBizerte (Tunisia). two of lions in 70 three-quarter view and four of goats and eagles in profile.
not grooved.weight672. The Indiantriumphof Bacchuswaspopular on Romansarcophagi. pp. greaves. Silverhandleof a dish.only traces remainin some of the folds of Bacchus's tunic. 99.the harnessof one lioness. Alexander. pp.whichhelpto date this silverreliefin the earlythirdratherthan the second century A.s.anda stick.a syrinx. M.Rogers Fund.andsheathedswordsnearthe middle.8) The dishto whichthishandlewasonce attachedwouldhavehada diameterof about38. McCann.7 cm.is renderedin relativelyhigh relief.1 cm.D.Length.andshields.131.The god is accompaniedby Panandthreesatyrs who carryelephanttusks.inMMABulletinn.Roman. The loweredge of the handle is straight.the Indiantriumphof Bacchus.andone of the elephanttusks.D.RomanSarMuseumofArt.Herethe highestpartsof eachfigurearecastseparatelyin purersilverandfitted into bedsnow readilyvisiblein the areas wherethe insertshavefallenout andbeen lost.a plant with threeblossoms. cophagiin TheMetropolitan 88-89. Saidto havebeenfoundin Iranbetween HamadanandKirmanshah.11.the helmets.Two lionessespullthe vehicle.In the centerof the lowerregistera pairof cymbalsis arrangedsymmetrically. 1978. whichnecessitateda castingtechnique peculiarto some Romanvesselsof the third century. fig.aspreserved.7 grams. alsomissingis the wheelof the chariot of Bacchus.His processionmovesfromleft to right.Of the gilding. andtwo pairsof captivesseatednextto the trophies. . A.originallygilt. 64-67.but tracesof soldershowhow it wasattachedto the bowl.early thirdcenturyA.The motif of a triumphis furtherstressedin the predellaby the two trophiesconsistingof helmet. 1954 (54. 14 (1954-55).the headof his thyrsos. Bibliography:C.The subject.cuirass. 22.
72 .Acknowlegments The authorgratefullyacknowledgesthe support and help he has receivedover the years from PierreAmandryand AndrewOliver.Dr. more specific acknowledgmentsappearin the captions.and in many casesto rephotograph.fromOctober1977 to April1978. renderedinvaluableassistancein the planningandorganization of thisBulletin.whosenames(exceptfor thosewho wish to remainanonymous)appearin the creditlines.JoanMertens.Jr. JoanHolt andSuePottershowedmuchpatiencein handling a long and somewhat unwieldy text and struggling with deadlines.Greekand RomanGoldandSilverPlate(1966)..especiallyfor purchasesproposedin the last eighteen years.The entrieson the 119objectsshown in Toledo. arefullydocumented.WalterYeeof the Photo Studio took greatpainsto photograph. is largely responsiblefor the present strengthof the collection.the gold and silverhere illustrated.ShinichiDoi. Strong'shandbook. Bibliography:The bestgeneralaccountof GreekandRoman gold andsilveris the lateD. The Department also wishes to single out for special thanksthe manydonors.The exhibitioncatalogue Silverfor the Gods(1977) by AndrewOliver. Curatorand Administratorof Greekand RomanArt.KansasCity. MichaelPfrommeron the problemsof Hellenistic chronology.Their unstintingsupport.mostly on questions pertainingto the East Greeksilver. E. andHermes Knauerto cleanand restorecarefullythe manyobjectsthat had not been on publicview for decades.andFortWorth..and from Dr.Other. and Kurt Lucknerbrings the story up to date and goes more deeply into manyaspects.The Departmentof Conservation(underthe supervisionof JamesFrantz and RichardStone) worked long hourswith CarlieCleveland.andthe generalintroduction gives an excellentsurvey.Jr.
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