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Table of Contents
The Project ABC.......................................................................................................... 3
Project Objectives.................................................................................................... 3
International and Regional Conventions.....................................................................7
Project Description.................................................................................................. 7
Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan...................................................8
Conclusions and Recommendations........................................................................9
Project Background................................................................................................. 9
The Process of Constructing a shopping Mall.....................................................10
Project Rationale................................................................................................ 11
PROJECT DESCRIPTION.......................................................................................... 16
Project Activities.................................................................................................... 17
Pre-Construction (Design) Phase........................................................................17
Construction Phase............................................................................................ 18
Shopping mall construction................................................................................ 18
Communication and Safety Measures................................................................22
BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT...................................................................................... 36
Flora and Fauna..................................................................................................... 36
SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT............................................................................38
CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT......................................................................................... 41
POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS.....................................................................44
EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS..............................................................52
MITIGATION MEASURES............................................................................................ 65
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING PLAN.......................................68
DECOMMISSIONING AND CLOSURE PLAN.................................................................72
Institutional Framework for Monitoring, Reporting & Supervision.............................87
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................................94
Conclusions........................................................................................................... 94
Recommendations................................................................................................. 94

The Management of ABC Limited wants to construct a Senior Mall in Noida that will be of
international standards. Once build this will provide access to goods and services to tourist resort
facilities as well as the residents of Noida and other surrounding towns .Noida is endowed with a
lot of minerals and has got the potential for economic growth.

Layout plan:-

Layout planning is deciding the best physical arrangement of all resources within a facility
 Facility resource arrangement can significantly affect productivity
 Two broad categories of operations:
 Intermittent processing systems – low volume of many different products

 Continuous processing systems – high volume of a few standardized products
 Four basic layout types consisting of:
 Process layouts - Group similar resources together
 Product layouts - Designed to produce a specific product efficiently
 Hybrid layouts - Combine aspects of both process and product layouts
 Fixed-Position layouts - Product is too large to move; e.g. a building
Column Plan:-

Column: Your first plan is your most important plan Your first plan is most important for several
reasons. First, individuals and teams learn the process of planning in the first year. The three
planning teams created a great first-year plan which will resolve the major strategic challenges
their organizations are facing. I would estimate that first-year process gets 60 to 70 percent of the
strategy complete. In the second year, they will have greater process clarity (they can see it),
which in turn leads to a more effective plan and execution. Having been through the process
once, the team understands the entire process and can now focus all of their energy on updating
their plan and strategy. As a result, they will experience a significantly higher level of success
including record sales and profitability.
The second reason is because many companies and individuals work a plan for two or three
years. I established the vision and plan for my life eight years ago. Many of the core strategies
that I developed for my businesses and my personal life are still key strategies today. Every year

if you will. Have you? Remember. or go to smadvisors. Steve Van Remotely is a professional speaker. As a result. but many of the core strategies are still the They're drinking the water. and annual plans thereafter. Not only did they get it. . Your first plan is your most important plan because it is much easier to shape and update a strategy than it is to create the first one. those who plan profit. to experience your highest level of success you must persevere through the first-year planning process. In simple terms the second year. adviser and author of "Stop Selling Vanilla Ice Cream. strategist. are much easier to develop and execute than the first. Many components of your first-year plan can remain in place for the rest of your or stopsellingvanillaicecream.we update the strategy and establish annual goals with new action plans to work "on" the business. His column runs the first Sunday of the month. I look back on those three planning teams and realize they did in fact get it. They are executing their most important plan — their first one. but now they see it and now are doing it. Contact him at

Area Plan:- .

Area Chart:- Geographical Description:Senior Mall 32. Noida's administration came into existence. also known as Noida. adjacent to sector 36 & 31. consumer durables and commodities. 1976. Noida. making it the obvious choice of more than 20 lakh people. On April 17. entertainment. . is taken care by New Okhla Industrial Development Authority management. New Okhla Industrial Development Authority. has been conceived at a strategic location. The project offers lifestyle. Location: Proximity to Golf Course.

The administrative headquarter of the district is in Greater Noida. The distance between Delhi and Noida is around 20 kilometres to southeast. and is situated on an old river bed. the Delhi city on north and north-west. Noida also has a Film City with many media-Related companies present there. The temperature varies from minimum of 23 degrees Celsius and the maximum of 45 degrees Celsius. north-east and south-east. However. constituency is in Noida. the District Magistrate (DM) of the district. which is a nearby town. During monsoons. Noida is situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh in its district Gautam Budh Nagar.April 17 is celebrated as 'Noida Day'. The distance between Noida and the headquarter of the district Greater Noida is also about 20 kilometres to northwest and the distance between Noida and Uttar Pradesh's capital Lucknow is about 457 kilometres to northwest. Noida's climate is very hot from March to June. and river Hindon on the east. The Gautam Budh Nagar Lok Sabha constituency and Vidhan Sabha. Noida is encircled by the River Yamuna on west and south-west. the . is located in Noida. During summers. The National Capital Regions Gurgaon and Faridabad rank 87th and 237th respectively in India when it comes to cleanliness. Among the National Capital Region. this administration was set in order to bring a thrust of urbanization. which is the state assembly. Noida city was formed under the Act of UP Industrial Area Development. The city's soil is considered rich and with characteristics of loam. Noida is the 17th clean place in India. Ghaziabad and Delhi's cities on north-east. Noida comes under Yamuna River's catchment area. who is the highest government official. During the Emergency in India in the year 1975-1977.

UPSRTC and private buses. DND Flyway connects Delhi and Noida in no time and is highly preferred by the office-goers. The railway stations can be accessed at nearby areas like Anand Vihar and Ghaziabad. Noida-Greater Noida Expressway and Yamuna Expressway. . Noida also faced a lot of issues with smog and fog during this time. However. The Metro service in Noida started in November 12. Noida chilly winters are marked by the cold waves coming from the Himalayas. People can choose autorickshaws. Noida has the Delhi Metro facility till the City Centre from Delhi and also to Vaishali. due to the Commonwealth Games. Noida has three important expressways . mostly in January. 2009 (10 months in advance). The city has access to DTC. Yamuna Expressway connects Agra via Mathura to Noida. cycle rickshaws or taxis for small-distance travel. the temperatures can fall to as low as 3 to 4 degree Celsius.climate gets very hot and humid from mid-June to mid-September. a lot of residential developments have been taking place in the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway's adjacent area. Recently. During the peak winter time. The city is covered by a dense fog.DND Flyway. which reduces the visibility on streets. Noida doesn't have direct rail connectivity. Metro will further expand in Noida and will also cover Greater Noida.


Area Map of senior Shopping mall:- .


In this regard. where people will experience an exclusive shopping environment. The proposed development introduces an iconic retail-centric mixed-use development with an international flavor. which was registered on the 16th of May 2012. presents the findings of the EIA study to identify both positive and negative impacts together with recommendations to mitigate potential negative impacts and to enhance benefits ABC Mall Limited has appointed the consultant to undertake an EIA to comply with the Environmental Protection and Pollution Act of the Laws of India and subsequent Statutory Instrument No. 28 of 1997 (Environmental Impact Assessment) regulations . they have identified a piece of land in Noida of about 2. The construction of the shopping mall will be done at once and is scheduled to commence in March 2013 with completion set for June 2015 This anticipated project falls under the Second Schedule of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulations of the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act (EPPCA). and its various Instruments. ABC Mall Limited shareholders have a diversified portfolio throughout South Africa which includes offices. The Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) of which this report is the main part. dine and socialize in an up market setting. (US Dollar Seven million). These premises lie at the junction of T-3 and president Avenue and can be accessed through the T-3 and President Avenue. The projected total cost of the whole development will be US $7 million. propose to establish a shopping mall in Noida Sector 7 ABC Mall Limited are a private property holding company. The concept revolves around the construction of a multi-million dollar Shopping Mall Development facility with a final build-out of approximately 1163m2 in Noida. Provided for under this Act is the requirement that an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study be carried out for this and similar projects. warehouses and shopping centers.5 hectares as a possible site upon which to build a 1163m2 shopping mall. and are directly opposite Noida Sector 7 Flats.The Project ABC ABC Mall Limited.

061 .833 8564527. To contribute towards the modernization of the city of Noida and support the increased affluence and spending resulting from the booming mining industry and its support sectors. it will cover 23683m2 and the floor of about 11623m2.761 677948. We are convinced that this project will meet the above objectives once implemented and fully operational. Location The shopping mall will be situated in the central commercial business area.367 678035. Arc 1950 coordinates EASTINGS NORTHINGS 67795. and employment.104 8564499.Project Objectives The key objectives of this project are as follows: To increase shareholders‟ wealth and value through profit generation by operating on a sound commercial basis. To offer a one stop shopping and entertainment experience for the people of Noida and surrounding areas. To contribute in a limited way towards improving the quality of life for the people of Noida and surrounding areas by offering quality and international class shopping and entertainment facilities. The shopping mall will be accessed from the president Avenue opposite Noida Sector 7 flats.972 8564621. To provide a modern shopping and entertainment experience for international visitors to the city of Noida.

Johannesburg South Africa. which includes offices. Boulevard. MetroGurgaon Secretaries Rajuram Acharya Noida Corporate Services Limited 4th Floor Compensation House Broad way P.419 The Proponent ABC Mall Limited is a private property holding company. Position Name Residential Postal Address Director Rajarathnam Ravi Sankar Flat 1. Boulevard. ABC Mall Limited shareholders have a diversified portfolio throughout South Africa. which was registered on 16 May 2012.O Box 110085Rohini Total proposed project investment: US$ 7 Million Proposed Project Implementation Date: March.677891.o box 110085.892 8564410. warehouses and shopping centers. MetroGurgaon Flat 9A-2ndFloor.Rohini Director Steven Bernard Herring Director Thirupathi Ramalinga Flat 9A-1st Floor. ABC mall shareholders have been managing a number of properties in Melrose.p. Delhi . 2013 CONTACT DETAILS Name of Developer ABC Mall Limited 4th Floor Compensension House Address of Developer Broadway Noida UP Telephone Number of Developer Tel +0112356464 FAX 260 554554545 Person Responsible for the project Steven Bernard Herring Percentage shares .2 Dolphin court.

. unless the project brief or the environmental impact statement has been concluded in accordance with these regulations and the India Environmental Management Agency (ZEMA) has issued a decision letter. Section 3 (1) of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulations.‟‟ ABC mall limited has commissioned this study as part of its corporate responsibility to comply with the prevailing environmental laws in India so that key environmental issues associated with the project are identified and suitable measures that can mitigate the potential adverse impacts are put in place. states that.Project coordinator Charulata Bhardwaj EIA Legislative Requirements According to the EMA of 2011. “a developer shall not implement a project for which a project brief or environmental impact statement is required under these Regulations.

or open market space hence enhancing social interaction. Surface parking of approximately 275 vehicles plus 43 taxis near the road will cater for vehicles.International and Regional Conventions Project Description The mall will have two landscaped courtyard spaces. The major negative environmental impacts have been identified as: Biophysical Impacts Disfigurement to the project area due to construction activities Increased air pollution from increased vehicular traffic. The courtyard also breaks the monotony of built up space and provide leisurely atmosphere. The Construction of the shopping mall is likely to cause an increase in a number of people as well as vehicular traffic. Construction of the Shopping Mall will take approximately 3 years. Decommissioning and closure will depend on future economic and technological conditions over the life of the Project. Subject to approval of this EIS by the ZEMA. which can be used for meetings. performances. This wide separation of parking will provide convenient flow of vehicles. project implementation is schedule to commence in the first quarter of 2013. Potential Impacts and Mitigating Measures The construction of the mall will be done on the virgin land. Increased noise nuisance both during construction and operation phases Irreversible environmental destruction from construction activities such as deforestation. borrow pit digging and camping site for construction workers Disfigurement to the landscape from construction wastes and borrow pits River siltation from eroded soil and silt from increased run-off due to disturbance of sub-soil structure Oil and gasoline spills from construction equipment and plant maintenance activities Littering domestic refuse and sewerage waste from construction camps .

The responsibilities of the ABC Mall.Increased particulate matter (diesel) and dust. the developer and the Contractor. Monitoring responsibilities will be specified for the responsible authorities. the Contractor and of the various public authorities will be clearly defined. licenses and personal levy Changed human settlement patterns due to increased population who may be attracted to the area Creation of employment opportunities during the construction and operation phase Increased trade opportunities in the community due to increased population Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan An Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan covering the construction and operational phases will be elaborated. Environmental monitoring and enforcement will be stated along with the output from such monitoring activities. ZEMA. land rates. The plan will comprises elements to be incorporated in the detailed design of the project. Socio-economic Impacts: Increased access to tourist facilities General improvement in local livelihoods due to synergistic impacts of positive effects of the project Increase in revenue to local authorities and institutions from communications. The ABC TEAM The ABC team comprises the following experts: NAME POSITION Ravi Patel Environmental and Natural Resource specialist Social Economist Civil Engineering and Hydrology Structural Engineering and Material Testing Raj Singhania Rahul Oberoy Moin Khan SIGN .

The other is the naturally occurring Tourism potential. Therefore these EIS is prepared by the Consultants on behalf of the client ABC Mall. The Management of ABC Mall are the executing agency while the contractor will be responsible for the implementation of this project. ABC Mall Limited is intending to construct a shopping mall that will be called ABC Mall of 32 shops covering about 11623m2. thereby making a significant contribution to realizing and developing India 's economic potential. Both have greatly contributed to the creation of employment. foreign exchange. ABC Mall Limited has decided to enhance its investments in property development for Commercial use on the Copperbelt Noida to be specific. With the growth of its fund and coupled with lack of assets in the market which could yield real rates of returns. Project Background India has vast potential for sustainable economic development through effective exploitation of its natural resources. local economic growth. and improving of the aesthetics of the nation at large. In addition to investment and wealth creation. The project is therefore being recommended for implementation provided that the recommended mitigating measures with the implementation of the Impact Mitigation Plan and Environmental Monitoring Plan are undertaken. . was to add beauty to the city of Noida and bring vibrancy to the new and up and coming part of Noida destined to be a high end area. The main objective of the construction of the shopping mall is to secure access to goods and services that are efficient in answering to people ‟s needs. Asa consequence. One of these areas is through the exploitation of its vast land resources through property development.Conclusions and Recommendations The findings from the study indicate that the socio-economic benefits of the construction of a shopping mall to the communities in the project area of influence outweigh the “nodevelopment” scenario.

1. application of conditions of contract.4.1. preparing improvements plans (preparing of technical specification.1.The Process of Constructing a shopping Mall The process leading to final construction of the shopping mall works is organized under four main areas namely. control of material and equipment on . surveys.5. workers and equipment. receipt and opening of tenders.3. preparation of interim payment certificates. 1. measuring of works with contractors' representatives. 1. workers and equipment. quality control in form of materials testing at laboratory and on site. approval and awarding of contracts and supervision of physical works.1. 1. preparatory works. organizing project implementation. Preparatory Works This include selection of the Mall. Organizing Implementation of a Project This process involves giving notices to the contractor to commence work.1.2. organizing pre-tender site visits. giving notice to contractor to take possession of site. Approval and Awarding of Contracts This process entails obtaining performance bond. 1. Tendering Process This process involves invitation to tender. obtaining contractors work program and mobilization of staff.1. etc). certification of work done. field assessment (Construction interventions. local maps and standard cross sections for works to be carried out and calculations of bill of quantities) preparation of EIA contract clauses. Supervision of Physical Work This involves day to day monitoring of physical progress of the workers. enforcement of specifications. collection of data. and contract negotiations and awarding of tenders. making tender documents available to pre-qualified or registered contractors. tender evaluation. insurance of work and workers.1. issuing tender notices. liaising and reporting to the employer/ client and liaising with contractors on the work program and mobilization of staff.

194. traffic congestion due to the increasing number of vehicles and overstretched designed traffic routes through the City Centre from north and south and the need to service expanding areas and new development nodes. which include inadequate parking. Sector 14. Noida has experienced rapid urbanization in recent years. There is an urgent need to address the inadequacies of existing infrastructure and to meet a growing demand for modern facilities in the office and retail market. and comparing favorably with general economic growth in the region.The current situation obtaining in the property market in include 1. the residential market and the hotel and hospitality industry as well as leisure market. Project Rationale Noida is experiencing a growing economy as reflected by the GDP rated at 5.4% in 2011 and is expected to grow in the coming years. conciliation. which has resulted in demand for more modern infrastructure. lack of appropriate accommodation. With a population currently estimated at 455.4 Proposed location and site MAP The location plan as prepared by ABC mall Limited for this project is provide below: . These areas include: Sector 8. issuing of site instructions and variation orders and settlement of disputes ( The city is thus facing a number of challenges. and Sector 21. etc). Sector 19.

The shopping mall will be situated in the central commercial business area. . 1. To offer a one stop shopping and entertainment experience for the people of Noida and surrounding areas. it will cover 23683m2 and the floor of about 11623m2. To contribute towards the modernization of the city of Noida and support the increased affluence and spending resulting from the booming mining industry and its support sectors.5 Project Objectives The key objectives of this project are as follows: To increase shareholders‟ wealth and value through profit generation by operating on a sound commercial basis. To provide a modern shopping and entertainment experience for international visitors to the city of Noida.The shopping mall will be accessed from the president Avenue opposite Noida Sector 7flats.

We have provided mitigation measures to mitigate the negative impacts. We are convinced that this project will meet the above objectives once implemented and fully operational. The EIA will determine whether the Construction of the shopping mall will have significant adverse or beneficial impacts on the environment during the construction phase and operational life of the mall. Scope of the EIA To determine the environmental implications of the construction of the shopping mall. the study was carried out in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the EIA Regulations to identify potential negative and positive impacts of the project and provide mitigation measures for negative impacts and enhancement measures for positive impacts respectively. We trust the information contained herein meets the requirement of the Environmental Council of India and warrants them to authorize the implementation of the KML project. ABC mall limited has identified a pieace of land for the construction of the shopping mall. in case the construction on the proposed land does not take place. . and employment. which also encompasses an environmental impact assessment. The existing pieace of land has been included with a "zero-alternative".To contribute in a limited way towards improving the quality of life for the people of Noida and surrounding areas by offering quality and international class shopping and entertainment facilities. The EIA will assess the impacts from the construction and evaluate the alternatives. We have also recommended enhancement plans to enhance positive impacts of the project. An environmental Management Plan has been presented in this report to provide clear steps designed to ensure focused implementation of the recommended mitigation and enhancement measures. Objectives of the EIA As earlier stated. an EIA must be undertaken according to the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations of 2011. and it will also recommend measures for mitigation of negative environmental effects through the preparation of an environmental management and monitoring plan.

commented and approved by the Environmental Council of India . Initial environmental survey at the proposed Shopping mall This task involved collecting data around the project areas and identifying areas requiring detailed investigations.The scope of the study is outlined in the Scoping Report and Terms of Reference (November 2012) as reviewed. Letters stating the objectives of the project and requesting local participation and consultation in the process were also distributed. representatives from NGO‟s and community based organizations and residents from communities around the project area. which include sensitive areas. Study Approach and Methodology The EIA process took place from October 2012 to November 2012. Responses from the consultations and discussions provided the relevant background information and helped identify major environmental concerns of the communities around the proposed shopping mall for the detailed EIA process. provincial and district level. local communities. Identification of the magnitude and significance of the principal impacts . The output from the EIA is this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) comprising of an Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan (EMP). Scoping The scoping exercise included consultative meetings and discussions with relevant government institutions at national. and involved the following steps: Review of the existing environmental information and legislation This included review of the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act and its subsidiary legislation and other relevant Acts and international conventions.

Effects may be direct or indirect. This was done through scoping the specific impacts and their implications which are pertinent to the shopping mall project so that alternatives can then be investigated and changes can be incorporated at the design stage. Identification of appropriate mitigation measures and/or design changes to eliminate or reduce the identified impacts . Physical environment Biological environment Socio-economic environment Cultural environment These impacts may be positive (beneficial) or negative (adverse) and will be classified as low. There are four groupings of impacts on the environment.Impacts will be evaluated in terms of magnitude and significance. intermediate or long term. The impacts will be assessed during the following stages of the project: Pre-Construction (Design) Phase Construction Phase Operational Phase It will be important that the likely impacts are defined and evaluated at an early stage of the planning process. which will be evaluated for the duration of the project namely. short term. moderate or high to the extent their effects will be described quantitatively in terms of environmental costs and benefits. Other measures will also be identified which can be taken into account during design and construction phases that would enhance the environmental quality of the shopping mall.

This will be serviced from the back and fully house with administration offices. social and recreational facilities. which can be used for meetings. Formulation of an environmental management and monitoring plan The report will include a plan for monitoring and implementation of mitigation measures during construction and operation. staff canteen kitchens and storage spaces. The shopping mall will have adequate provision for full service restaurants and pubs in the complex and provisions for coffee shops and business café. Surface parking of . socio-economic environment and cultural environment. Mitigation plans should be included in the tender document to form part of the overall construction contract. These will include shopping. The courtyard also breaks the monotony of built up space and provide leisurely atmosphere.The mitigation measures will be considered to reduce the effect of the development on the surrounding environment. However. The shopping complex will accommodate leisure. the areas can be adaptable to the required minimums required by the tenant. PROJECT DESCRIPTION Project Location The proposed project is located at the junction of T-3 and president Avenue in the central business area of Noida. Wherever possible recommendations will be made to mitigate against impacts on the physical. The mall will be inter-linked by covered walkways. The province has ten districts. entertainment and administration area of 23683m2. A large super store of about 800m2 as one of the key tenants will be run by a recommended franchise that will allow for variety of commodities. or open market space hence enhancing social interaction. The mall will have two landscaped courtyard spaces. This also allows for a wide range of tenant mix and wide range of commodity. performances. a city on the NCR Province of India. The small retail-shopping units will vary in size from 48m2 to 450m2. This includes the parking space. biological.

project implementation is schedule to commence in the first quarter of 2013. Phase 2 – Construction (Year 1 – Year 2). Survey in this case refers to land investigations.23. and Phase 4 – Decommissioning and Closure (may not be done). Construction Phase The actual construction of the shopping mall will take place in the construction phase. construction. To facilitate the development of a conceptual design an environmental impact assessment was undertaken and the key concerns from the study were taken into account in the design phase. Project Activities. Each of the phases comprises a series of activities contributing to overall attainment of the project objectives. operation and decommissioning phase.1. This wide separation of parking will provide convenient flow of vehicles. measurements and pre-works examination of the site. Subject to approval of this EIS by the ZEMA. Pre-Construction (Design) Phase This phase involves carrying out a survey of the proposed shopping mall. 1. Phase 3 – Operations (Year 2 – Year 30). Phases in Shopping mall construction The project is made up of four phases namely preparation. The project will consist of the following phases:Phase 1 – Site Preparation (Year 1). Construction of the Shopping Mall will take approximately 3 years.approximately 275 vehicles plus 43 taxis near the road will cater for vehicles. which has to be implemented in the construction phase. The output from this phase is an environmentally friendly-engineered design for the shopping mall. The activities involved in each phase are elaborated in the sections below. The estimated shopping mall works will cover the following activities: . drilling. Decommissioning and closure will depend on future economic and technological conditions over the life of the Project.

The main anticipated project construction activities that will have potential impacts on the environment are: a) Site Preparation and Leveling .Shopping mall construction The initial activities during this phase relating to construction management will include:           Establishment of the construction Project Management Team (PMT). Fuel depot / kerb site for the temporary fuel stocks for construction equipment Establishment of temporary services and builders supply i. Various plant and equipment to be used during the execution                  of civil works will include Graders Cranes Vibrators Rollers Water Trucks • Bulldozers Front End Loader Generator Set 125 KVA 6m Containers Concrete Mixers Concrete Pokers Excavators Water Pumps Mechanical Tool Boxes Compressors Civil Plate Compactors x3 Pedestal Rollers Tipper Trucks 10 Ton Trucks 4 Construction activities will be repeated as required over the two phased Construction cycles. although security personnel will be accommodated on the site.e. Maintenance workshop sheds and stores. Establish and agree management. Establishment of a professional Site Inspection Team. inspection. and reporting procedure The Site Establishment will include the initial construction of the following facilities: Establishment of site management office and facilities. water supply Establishment of temporary fencing around the site There will be labour camp on the project site.

which will minimise the need for filling of areas with laterite and aggregates. Earthworks will for the most part involve the use of heavy machinery such as bulldozers and graders. e) Construction of Superstructures (shopping mall) . and stabilization of the base with the piling. The geotechnical survey of the site is indicative that the bearing capacities of soils are good and the foundation depth and design for the intended structures will not be complicate.The entrance to the mall will be opposite Noida Sector 7flats on president avenue studies are underway to find the best way to incoparate the nearby existing public road network. scarifying of topsoil and earthworks to establish the required levels. Construction of foundations will involve the compaction of underside of foundation trenches and Pouring and mixing of concreate d) Sub-structural works and Floor slabs This will involve block work. pouring and compaction of concrete. spreading and compaction of gravel and aggregate materials on the road. Lined drains will require the preparing and pouring of concrete. This will be in accordance with local engineering standards. backfilling and compaction of material according to specifications. This sub structural works will include the laying of water and sewage reticulation pipes and underground electrical cables. and sewage reticulation system. Construction of drainage will involve excavation and shaping of drains and soil compaction.Initial site preparation will entail removal of the existing infrastructure. The project will be constructed by-and large on the existing level requiring minimal basic earthworks. c) Excavation and Foundations: This will involve the excavation of trenches for foundation strips for buildings and trenches for ground water storage tank water. mixing. b) Construction of Roads and Drainage System Construction of the roads will involve earth moving and shaping of formation shoulders. a team of expertise from local authority and RATSA including RDA and the developer are yet to develop the traffic strategy Construction of a bitumen surface pavement will involve the spreading and compaction of aggregates and tar materials on the road.

excavation. such as fuels (petrol/diesel). Daily transportation of construction workers will also add to the volume of construction traffic to the site. Installation of finishes and fixing electrical and plumbing fixtures and fittings. lubricating oils. Petroleum products. delivery. and stone aggregates will be acquired and transported to the site from ZEMA approved quarry sites within the Noida area. Only limited amounts of these materials will be stored on site as reliable supply sources will be within close proximity. and storage of materials required for construction works. Structural steel erection The laying of concrete block walls. A small fuel storage facility of capacity 1000 litres. Fixing of roofs. Provision will be made for bulk storage of materials such as sand. laterite. Gravel. aggregate and laterite. earth moving and mixing of concrete will involve the movement and operation of heavy plant and equipment on and around the site. . cement and blocks. h) Movement of Construction Traffic and Heavy Machinery Transportation of construction materials and waste to and from the site will involve the movement of heavy vehicles on access roads to the project site as well as within the site. Handling and Storage This refers to the acquisition.This will involve: The preparing of mortar and concrete. Landscaping f) Materials Mobilization. will be established on site. Other materials that will be transported and stored include sand. g) Maintenance of Machinery A temporary workshop facility will be constructed on site for the maintenance of construction vehicles and machinery. Construction activities such as clearing. hydraulic fluids and bitumen / asphalt mix will also be sourced. This will be combined with the fuel storage facility. Erection of roof trusses.

i) Construction Workers Activities Although no labour camp is planned in the project area.5 l/s. The presence of construction workers will require the provision of water for food preparation and domestic purposes as well as the provision of sanitation and health services. Local market transactions will take place between construction workers and local communities. The shopping mall . Collection and disposal of domestic waste at ZEMA approved disposal sites. The project will as much as is possible hire labour from within local communities. Water will be abstracted from on site water system provided by ABC Water and Sewerage Company at a rate not exceeding 2. Casual sexual relationships may also result from interactions between workers and the community. social interaction activities will undoubtedly result between project workers and local communities. A canteen will be established on site to cater for construction workers. j) Water Abstraction As mentioned earlier. Collection and disposal of used oils / lubricants according to ZEMA Requirements and ERB standards Shopping Mall Design Parameters The mall will be a single level development covering 11623m2 of floor space catering for about 32 shop spaces. Central to the concept of the development will be an extensive Food Court area with large enclosed clerestore-lit and landscaped common seating area that will cater for five (5) sit-down restaurants. water will be required for construction. Transportation and disposal of building waste and rubble. It will have provision for four (4) anchor tenants. workers domestic and dust suppression measures. It will be fully enclosed and air-conditioned. k) Waste Management Waste management during the construction phase will include: Provision of temporary workers sanitation. The knuckles of the mall will have three (3) court areas.

leisure –related activities will be highly exploited. The Project proposes to introduce all the above-mentioned furniture where appropriate. During these operational phases. Fencing It is recommended that a perimeter fence be provided that secures the entire shopping mall. demarcations and lining. The shopping more will be situated in a central business area near some residential houses so it is necessary to fence off the mall. Communication and Safety Measures Firefighting equipment and communication system for safety measures on mall will be installed.508 m³ /day and 4. and participation in the varied entertainment packages that will be available. . Installation of shopping mall furniture The shopping mall will have to put in place furniture in the forms of signs. safety barriers. The completion of the Shopping Mall will open up new avenues to the populace for consumer shopping. Operational Phase The main activities that will exist during the operation stage will be those that will relate to the specific different parts of the development.will also have 273 parking bays at full capacity and in addition it will43taxis parking spaces the taxi drop off zone. trading in the tenant lots to be provided. culvert beacons. surface or Overhead) in case of water shortfall. traffic lights. certain activities that are likely to have an impact on the environment include: 1) Water Supply As mentioned the average and maximum water demand of the project is estimated at 2. the completion of each development phase will result into the commencement of the respective operation of the particular facilities.238 m³ /day respectively to be sourced from KWSC water supply. Because of the availability of open paved spaces. Water will be stored in tanks (Sub-surface. As indicated in the foregoing.

Vector/Pest Control (mosquitoes and cockroaches) One of the most effective methods of vector control is Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS). 5). The facilities provided for the separation of waste for recycling and storage will be in enclosed and caged skips to prevent materials from being blown away from the site. repair of damaged mains. This will especially apply at peak times during the day with commuter traffic and during peak shopping periods such as weekends. Estate Management Post Construction Activities relating to estate management will include: Waste Management Solid waste management from the commercial node will be the responsibility of the centre management who will ensure that the area is at all times clean and tidy. In this method.2) Commuter Traffic The volume of traffic to and from the project area will increase appreciably once the project is operational. All internal electrical maintenance will be the tenant„s responsibility and must be carried out by an approved electrical contractor. This will be up to the distribution board at each facility. Water Management The water reticulation system will be monitored and maintained on a dayto-day basis in conjunction with the KWSC. Electrical Maintenance & Management The electrical distribution system will be monitored and maintained on a day-to-day basis. 4). Leisure Activities This includes activities like the shopping. the inside walls of mall are sprayed with residual insecticides. and other entertainment facilities including restaurants. All internal water supply maintenance will be the responsibility of the owners and will be carried out by an approved plumbing contractor. Sewer & Storm Water Management Sewer line maintenance will include routing and flushing the sewer mains. Contact with the walls by any of the pests results in their death . service calls on potentially blocked mains. An approved contractor for disposal in accordance with NCC and ZEMA regulations will collect waste regularly. 3) Commercial Activities These will include retail activities at the commercial node. and flushing driveway culverts.

The ITN works not only by creating a barrier between the mosquito and its intended victim.g.River and Building Local suppliers Road truck (for concrete and building mortar) 2 3 Laterite (for foundations and Approved borrow Road truck construction of road sub base ) pits and quarries Aggregates Local (for concrete and construction of sub base and pavement of ZEMA Road truck approved suppliers (e. Decommissioning And Closure Decommissioning and closure is dependent on economic and technological conditions after the 30-year Project life.annually with approved pesticide for the control of cockroaches. Sources of Raw materials for shopping Mall 1.1. Oriental and .24. 1. The Management will contract for the annual spraying of public areas of the mall with appropriate pyrethroids to control mosquitoes and bi. but also by killing the mosquito if it gets into contact with the net. Final rehabilitation will includei) Removal (or alternative use) of the redundant Mall infrastructure. and iii) Post closure environmental monitoring and inspection.immediately or soon afterwards. Raw materials During Construction No Raw Materials Sources Mode of Delivery 1 Sand . The other effective method of mosquito control is that a person sleeps under insecticide treated nets (ITNs).25.1. ii) Re-vegetation and re-profiling of the Mall area. The above-mentioned actions will effectively rehabilitate the Project site.

brick force and mesh for reinforcement. mortar Local and road works approved Road truck supplier (Chilanga cement plc 5 Asphalt and bitumen Local ERB Road truck approved supplier 6 clay brick Registered foreign Road truck and local clay brick suppliers e.t. sewer pipes.internal road 4 Raube Quarries.g. approved suppliers door and window frames polythene sheeting. Kalulushi Bricks 7 Concrete blocks and Culverts (for in fills/ building) 8 be Road truck manufactured on and off site Petroleum Products Diesel Local (for operation of plant and machinery) 9 To suppliers Road truck Local ERB approved supplier Water for construction. timber for shuttering.c) 12 Finished products and Imported ensuring Road truck .g. Cement (for concrete. dust Serviced by KWS Road truck suppression and domestic use 10 Electricity To be serviced by To be supplied 11 General building materials Local ZEMA Road truck (e. timber. paint e.

gypsum board. structural steel sections .26. light fittings. window frames. brass ware ceramic and floor conditioners finishes. compliance (e. aluminum fittings. uPVC and with India n standards and regulations HDPE piping. Waste Products during Construction Phase The following waste and by-products are expected to be generated during the project Construction cycle: . booster pumps etc) Table2: showing raw materials during construction Raw Material during the Operational Phase The main raw materials inputs required for the operational phase of the project will include: 1) Water This will be used for both domestic and commercial use.IBR roofing sheets.1. The water supply demand is as outlined above. tiles. ZESCO has indicated that this is within its capacity to supply. This will also include cleaning chemicals and products for tertiary treatment of sewerage 1. air sewer treatment plant. The actual supply may be even less than this. switches. sanitary ware. 2) Electricity Provisional electricity demand for the project is estimated at 20 MVA. 3) Raw Foodstuffs and Sundries This will be required during the operation of catering services of the Restaurants.g. switches.

2. cement bags). broken blocks and tiles. Waste Products during Operational Phase The following by. etc. 3. Solid waste The other solid construction waste will include material such as scrap timber and various off cuts and refuse such as discarded packaging (e. This will also occur during the laying of sewer / water reticulation pipes.27. etc.1. 4. Sewage This will be Sanitary and Sewerage waste generated by the construction workforce.and waste products are expected to be generated during operation: . 5. Dust Dust will be generated on the site from delivery of material and various construction activities. Exhaust emissions: This will be from the operation of vehicles and machinery on site. and other spoil such as rejected concrete. 1.1. Used oil Used oil and lubricants will be generated from routine on-site maintenance of Plant machinery and equipment. excavations for water features / ground storage tanks for water and fuel.g. Topsoil This Top soil will result from scarifying of the site. Runoff This will be Storm water runoff from the site 7. 8. 6. workers garbage. Building rubble This will include sub-soil removed and any rock rubble generated by blasting (or other rock breaking activities) during excavation of trenches for foundation strips. and domestic waste from workers canteen etc.

The primary generator of solid waste from shops and offices in the development will be waste packaging and delivery materials (e. Domestic / Commercial Solid Waste: Shoppers. Tenants and Restaurants will generate domestic solid waste. Solid waste from Restaurant will typically have a high organic content (e. Sewage Average and peak daily sewage flow estimates are based on 80 % return flows of the volume of water supply. The proposed project is fully compatible with general development in the area and is likely to increase the value of neighbouring properties and ventures. Rewstaurants. The estimated average sewage volume will be approximately 1662 m3 /day. Exhaust air: Discharges to air from the kitchens of hotel. Shoppers will also deposit some litter. In addition. many other benefits of the proposed project. 2. Storm water run off from the parking areas may contain some hydrocarbons from minor oil or fuel leaks/spills. Storm water run-off typically also contains silt and suspended solids. Storm Water An increase in storm water runoff will result from the site due to the development of roofed and paved areas. vegetable matter and rejected foodstuffs).g. 4. such as provision of employment and numerous multiplier effects on the economy would not be realized if it were not implemented. vehicles and mall restaurants 5. card board and plastics) and waste paper. General and specific environmental . Vegetative Waste This will include leaves and grass cuttings from maintenance of landscaped areas of the estate. offices and shopping complexes generally do not give rise to hazardous or toxic wastes.g. which do not allow infiltration of rain water. Analysis of Alternative Shopping Mall Construction It is very unlikely that a different type of scheme would achieve the same level of infrastructural development as that of the proposed project in terms of surfaced road network and the implementation of a regulated water supply network.1. 3.

Do Nothing Alternative option. the proposed site would be ideal for construction of the mall. are detailed in this report. Option A: Do Nothing. Option A. 2) Option B: Building on the same given site. is considered that the proposed project will help to meet an urgent need for new infrastructure and facilities in Noida without significant net adverse impacts on the local and general environment. The purpose was to assess the effects of these alternatives on the environment against expected benefits. From the above. which are anticipated because of the implementation of the project.e.. i. On balance. socio-economic and cultural environment would occur. would mean that the current environmental assessments and implementation being done on –site are brought to a halt. Comparison of Alternatives An objective assessment of the alternatives implies weighing the impacts of continuing with the option and not continuing. socioeconomic and cultural would not occur. The alternatives considered are: 1) Option A: Do Nothing.28. The “No option” alternative would mean that the Mall is not built on the proposed site and all the potential impacts on the environment. it can objectively be stated that considering the distance from the Noida and shortage of land in Noida for such investments. The main reason for preparing an Environmental Impact Statement is to identify all . 1. Taking the effect of constructing a shopping mall project on the environment. because the option entails not proceeding with construction of shopping mall 2) Option B: Building on the same given site. other alternatives were taken into consideration. Option B would entail all the foreseeable impacts on the bio-physical. biophysical. Option A: Do Nothing.1. This will be facilitated by the application of the appropriate mitigation measures as discussed in this report. Option B: Proceeding with the option of constructing the ABC mall on the proposed site is the developer’s preferred option as the area has already been given to the company and title deed issued.impacts.

whereas the elevation drops towards river valleys in the East and South. The average elevation is about 1200 m above sea level. or along fractures. The collision also produced . the Kalahari Craton and the Congo Craton. ABC and Ganga Rivers in the west and the Yamuna River in the east.200m and 1.the possible impacts associated with the investment and formulate the best measures to mitigate them before implementation of the project. the Lufilian Arc. Higher elevation is reached north-west of Noida. This collision was one of the many that happened between 700 and 500 million years ago to form the Gondwana supercontinent. Noida district lies on the gentle sloping NCRpen plain at altitudes ranging between 1. the land gently slopes northwards towards the ABC River with an average gradient of 2%.450 m) above sea level. India. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT OF PROJECT SITE & ITS SURROUNDINGS 1. There are however isolated hilly outcrops such as Kashmir Hills. where mountains form the border with the Democratic Republic of China. which formed when two large pieces of continental crust. largely already present in the sediments that had accumulated in the basin between the two cratons. 1. Topographically.300 m (1. This collision is thought to have remobilised base metals. These brines then concentrated the base metals either along stratigraphic boundaries. Noida has an average elevation of approximately 1. faults or within structurally controlled 'traps' (such as the nose of afold).1Topography The NCR province lies on a plateau that slopes gently from 1.130m in the middle.455m above sea level. The province has the Kafue River as the main river basin that drains the NCRin a wide arc from north to south and is fed by many tributary rivers and streams principally.200-1. The district is characterized by undulating terrain of less than 100 slopes and from the project area.2 Soils and Geology The NCR region is a 500 million year old mountain chain. the Delhi.370m in the north-west to 1. approximately 13 0 South and 280 35 East. collided.

is considered representative of conditions at the project area. High rainfall patterns in the Copperbelt combined with a low nutrient base rock have resulted in .4 0 0 0 0. One of those is correlated with the sturtian glaciation.2 2.8 3. both global glaciation events that had profound influence on the history of the planet. The soils at the specific project site are mostly laterite on the southern side and clayey on the northern side.6 24. during which the stratigraphic sequence was techtonically pushed northwards on top of the Congo Craton.5 13 27. located 9km northwest of Bwana Mkubwa are used to define the regional climate and local weather conditions.2 in September. Soil formation in India is strongly influenced by rainfall patterns. nutrient-poor soils.3 17. with the majority falling during the summer months of November to March. megaconglomerates of glacial origin. The Noida Station located at an altitude of 1270m and.5). as these affect the degree of weathering and leaching.hour event has been recorded at 28. the 84-year average precipitation for a 24.8 h cm (Source: www.weatherbase. typically lateritic. The soils are deeply weathered. generally leached of silica and base nutrients and enriched in iron and aluminium oxides. while another correlates with the Marinoan Glaciation.3 Climate Data from the Noida Weather Station. because of similarities in altitude and topography. The Lufilian Arc contains two diamictites. The sandy topsoil often overlies a more loamy and clayey subsoil and the composition of the soils makes them susceptible to erosion if soil conservation practices are not used. As indicated in Table 1 and Figure11.(Noida Met Station 1974-2002) Table 3: Average precipitation for an 84-year old period Mont Jan Feb Mar Apr 28.crustal shortening. Average annual rainfall is approximately 1250mm.7 May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 0.6cm in January with the lowest being 0. 1.0-5. acidic (with pH values ranging from 4.

Table 5: Average Relative Humidity for a 3-Year Period Mont Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 75 75 69 61 52 47 43 36 30 33 54 71 h % (Source: www. Low temperatures have been recorded in the months of April to September while average high temperatures are usually experienced from October to March. Table 4: Average relative temperature Month Average Average High Average Highest Lowest Temperature Temperature Lower Recorded Recorded Temperature Temperature Temperature January 21 27 16 30 12 February 21 27 16 30 12 March 21 27 16 30 12 April 21 27 16 30 12 May 20 28 13 30 7 June 16 25 7 28 July 18 27 8 31 -2 August 21 31 12 33 1 September 21 32 15 36 5 October 24 32 15 36 9 November 23 30 16 34 12 December 22 28 17 31 11 (Source: .com) Average relative humidity rises from October to February and thereafter drops to as low as 30% in September.weatherbase.Recorded temperature for Noida has ranged from as low as -20C to as high as 360C.weatherbase.

The highest frequency of winds is from the sector eastnortheast to east-southeast. with 40 % of all winds less than 3. Ambient air quality data is not available for the project site. noise levels are generally low. Some individuals working in the environs of the project site where interviewed whether they have been affected by any form of air pollution. charcoal manufacturing and vehicle entrainment of dust on unpaved roads. The answer was that theyhave not been affected so much apart from occasional smoke emissions from plant operations and burning activities. domestic fuel burning and veld burning for agricultural purposes.4 Hydrology and Drainage . brick ovens. Snap survey conducted during the day around the project site using a Decimeter showed noise levels ranging 50. Being an industrial area air quality was expected to be compromised but the actual situation is different due to low industrial activities taking place in the area.5 m/s on 5 % of occasions.3m/s. They also have a feeling that the air quality was generally clean. observations made during visits showed that the air was generally good.Wind directions are dominated by winds from the northeast through to the southwest with maximum gusts ranging from 30 m/s in summer to 22 m/s during the inter months. Key sources observed included vehicular traffic. 1. The main source of noise peaks observed was vehicular movement.85 dB. The average wind speed of Noida is 3. Ambient air quality in Noida area is generally influenced by a number of different sources of air pollution. A high frequency of light winds occurs at Noida. with more than 20% of all winds from the east. President Avenue and Chisokone Avenue. Motor vehicles emissions also have some impact on air quality. However. However. Biomass burning from July to September on a regional scale elevates the ambient concentrations from local sources. mainly in August and September. The project site being located in the central business area is vulnerable to noise pollution. On rare occasions the winds exceed 8. Occasional noise is also recorded from neighbouring plant machinery and vehicles on the roads such as T-3. plant machinery operations and occasional train movement.5 m/s.4 m/s. These include industrial sources. The strongest winds occur in this sector and reach 8. Visibility was not Impaired no foul smell was observed.

Surface Water The NCR province is mainly drained by the Yamuna River. 1. iron. 0. The City of Noida is drained by the ABC River. cadmium and manganese which were above the India Drinking Water Standards of 0/100 ml. The River flows through the province in a wide arc from north to south and is fed by many tributary rivers and streams principally. 0. there are no streams on the specific ABC shopping mall plot and its immediate areas of influence. However.0 mg/l.5-11 litres per second with an average draw down of 30. . the Luswishi. Average borehole yield from a 165mm bore is in the range of 2. Run off water from the site drains into ABC. Water samples collected from a borehole near the proposed site at the golf club about 30 meters away showed that the water was of good quality and complied with drinking water quality standards. a study conducted by African Mining Consultants to establish water quality of the ABC River using water collected from ABC river about 120 metres away from the proposed site showed that the water was generally of good quality except for feacal coliforms. which passes through most of the town with its tributary streams such as the Noida stream.5 Water and Sanitation All water in Noida is supplied through a company called ABC Water and Sewerage Company. lead. Ground Water Borehole data from sites drilled by Department of water Affairs in the area and its surrounding indicate that the average depths of boreholes range from 35-60m. 0.05 mg/l respectively check appendix for the results.05 mg/l. The population coverage to these areas is estimated at 80% and 60% for water and sewerage services respectively. There are no aquatic water quality standards established for ABC river.8 meters. Check the appendix for the results attached 1. chromium.005 mg/l and 0. This campany is charged with the responsibility of providing water supply and sewerage services to the urban and peri-urban areas of Noida. However. with the water often stuck at depths ranging from 4-25m.05 mg/l. Other tributaries include the Kabushi seasonal stream towards the west.Lufwanyama. ABC and Mwambashi Rivers in the west and the Yamuna River in the east.

large parts of Asia. Kansenshi and parts of Northrise in the northern catchment and conveys sewage to New Kanini Sewage Treatment Plant.Julbernardia). 2004). Main Masala and Kabushi. . the whole of India belongs (together with Pakistan. Grass mainly comprise of the Hyperrhenia and Digitaria species which include Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum). The Noida region belongs naturally to the savanna-woodland type with significant areas being agriculturally and horticulturally cultivated. Flora and Vegetation From the point of view of phytochorial classification.29. is covered with 80% Miombo Woodlands (Brachystegia. It was noted that sewers in the high cost and central business district are generally in good condition with only a few blockages being reported or noticed and ABC Water and Sewerage Company usually fix them.1. Hillcrest and remainder of Northrise and Kansenshi. The affected areas in this regard are mainly Chifubu. Bhutan. and conveys sewage by gravity to Lubuto Sewerage Treatment Plant. Albizia adianthifolia. with sewage being pumped to Old Kanini Sewage Treatment Plant through Itawa and Dambo pumping stations. The City is serviced by three sewage collection systems within two sewage catchment areas. which include Brachystegia longifolia. Isoberlinia angolensis. Chifubu. most of the sewers in the low-cost housing areas no longer have the capacity to effectively convey the high sewage flows as they now cater for populations far in excess of the design capacity. The first system serves Pamodzi. BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT Flora and Fauna 1. Surface supplies are derived from the Itawa and ABC impoundment's both of which are situated at the ABC River while underground supplies are derived from two well fields in the Misundu area developed in the 1980s to augment existing surface supplies. The second system caters for the Central Town area. However. resulting in frequent flooding. with surface sources accounting for approximately 60% of the total supply.The water supply in Noida is presently derived from both surface and underground sources. The third system caters for the southern supply district. M. Nepal and Srilanka) to the so-called Asian Region. The vegetation of the Copperbelt Province. Kanini. Ficus brachylepis and Uapaca kirkiana as the key tree species. Kawama. Most of the region is covered by savanna-woodland (Kawalika.

the few faunal species near the project area are bird species such as tits. houseflies. wasps. pigeons. cockroaches. However. is a brown field. Fauna around the project area The project area is a brown field. grasshoppers. Vegetation at the project site mostly comprise of ornamental plants with very limited natural vegetation.Noida has the Mansansa Forest Reserve.1. bees. guava and apple trees (see figures 1 and 2 below). and goshawks. located westwards of the City. Rodents are found around the butter and soap plants. crows. designated as light industrial area whose anthropogenic activities continue to impact on the floral species of the area. Figure 2: Fauna around the project area 1. Insect species found in the general locality of the site include mosquitoes.30. aphids and dragonflies. designated as an industrial area that has been affected by years of anthropogenic activities. Fruit trees include mango. The project site however. and with the Chichele Plantation attached to it. owls. butterflies. Grass mainly comprise of couch grass (cynodondactylon). .

689 21.814 37.31.1. which includes high density residential areas such as Nkhwazi.The most densely populated area in Noida is Noida Central Constituency. females constitute 51% and males 49%.135 Dag 2. Although copper is still India ‟s largest foreign exchange earner and the mainstay of the national economy.1.526 18.402 Yengwe 3.376 10.819 29.651 18.600 10.402 Chipulikusu 7.683 6.514 6.335 4. Chipulukusu and Twapia. the report does not categorise population by residential area but by ward.713 10. the city of Noida has established itself as a commercial and light industrial centre of .034 14.586 6.369 12. in addition to the low density areas of Kansenshi and Kanini. Unfortunately. Table 6: Population distribution in the project planning area Ward Households Male Female Total Kanseshi 2.708 13.570 9. Major Demographic Characteristics The 2010 Census of Housing and Population show that currently. Economic Profile Around the project area Noida used to be the largest industrial centre of India but has been decimated over the years and scores of closed factories and plants can be seenin the town. 194 of which.689 21.SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT Demographic Profile 1.044 9. Yengwe.410 6.316 14.860 5.118 Twapia 6.340 Hamarskjoerd Kaniki 1.340 Kanini 2. A number of former industries such as clothing and vehicle assembly have gone completely. Noida has a total population of 455.32.955 Nkwazi 4.904 305 677 663 1.

beverages. food processing.considerable importance. substantial acreage of land in Noida is reserved for the Mansansa Forest Reserve while another piece of land has the Chichele Plantation on it. offices and shops line the Central Business District. sanitation as well as the private sector‟s services in the hospitality industry.1. Formal employment is in the above named industrial sector covering mining (copper. Agriculture. textiles. Some households are involved in the growing of vegetables such as rape. Land-use 1. Land Tenure Systems India is divided into three types of land tenure systems namely Native Reserves (Traditional Land). Modern factories. as well as being the junction and distribution centre for the Copperbelt.33. Lafarge and Noida Lime have quarry pits for their cement and lime production respectively while Bwana Mkubwa mine processes copper ore from Lonshi Mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Copper and precious metals used to be brought from elsewhere in the Copperbelt for processing at the Noida Copper Refinery and Precious Metals Refinery. As referred to above. Mining activities in Noida are not as extensive as in other Copperbelt towns even though this was the initial centre of mining. State Land and Trust Land. trade and crafts dominate the informal sector. chemical industries together with the service industry comprising government service provision in health. There are no mines in Noida itself but a metallurgical plant by Bwana Mkubwa is only 10 km south-east of the city centre. The main source of employment and livelihood in Noida is a combination of formal and informal employment. cabbage and tomatoes. saw milling. Noida is host to the country‟s only refinery. lime and cement). A big attraction in Noida is the annual India International Trade Fair in July. The majority of the population practice subsistence farming with maize being the major crop grown. education. trade and transport. . the Indeni Oil Refinery that supplies petroleum products from Noida to the whole country. However. agriculture (mostly crop production). This is mainly for household consumption. The proposed project site falls under state land with a 99-year title leaseholdNoida District has a varying range of industrial and economic activities that form land use activities.

it also has settlements which reflect rural and village set ups. rural centres and villages.The project will also not result in the damage to agriculture assets as well as fisheries. district centres.1. The council has given a go ahead of the project meaning that land use and other associated factors were considered check appendix for council approval. . municipalities. The proposed project site is an urban setting. 1. Noida falls under the city status type of settlements. However. Settlements India has five types of human settlements namely cities. They are no change in the land use and that no impacts will be associated with this in line with the development .34.The land use activity around the project area is predominantly light industrial as well as residential and the area is designated as a central business centre area by the local authority.

However. Cultural and Historical Sites Sites of historical and archeological importance in Noida include the original mine on the NCR located at Delhi. There are no archaeological.CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT Cultural Resources 1. Responses from the consultations and interviews provided the relevant background information and helped identify major environmental concerns of the communities around the airport for preparation of this environmental impact statement. cultural and historical sites on the proposed project area. if fund during the construction the developer will report to the National Heritage and Conservation Committee for action as outlined by law PUBLIC MEETINGS/ CONSULTATIONS Approach and Methodology The method adopted for community consultations was open discussions with the relevant local institutions at provincial and district level. Key Presentations. the grave site for Polish settlers running away from war also located in Northwestern area. Letters stating the objectives of the project and requesting local participation and consultation in the process were also distributed. Archaeological. The key questions/ .35.1. the Slave tree and the Dag hamasjoeld memorial site located in the outskirts of the Central District of Noida. the environmental team gave presentations on the project and also received the questions/concerns from the community on issues that should be considered and investigated in the detailed EIA. Questions and Concerns from the Community Consultative Meetings During public consultative meetings with the local communities. representatives from NGO‟s and community based organisations and residents from communities living around the proposed site.

borrow pits. Concern as to what will happen to settlements near the project area in terms of dust pollution. etc. schools. etc. Table 7: Community Concerns Community Concerns CONCERNS Project site & its surroundings Concern as to whether the much-talked about shopping will not be just like other malls that have failed to be complited. Concern as to what will the developer do to the fencing during the construction phase .) The most important features (market places. natural resources.) Sensitive areas (protected areas. gathering sites. Abandoned borrow pits pose hazards to the nearby community and animals . clinics. Quarries & borrow pits Concern of illegal sand and stone mining activities. quarries.) Where should construction materials be taken from/or not taken from? Employment opportunities Benefits (increased trade and transport) and inconveniences (illegal trade. access and feeder roads. graveyards. These discussions were centered on: The airport runway and its surroundings (land-use. commented and approved by the Environmental Council of India. water. etc. increased traffic) Positive or negative experiences with other contractors Community Concerns The key community concerns from the public consultative meetings are summarised below and proposed mitigation measures are elaborated in the chapters on mitigation measures and environmental management plan. Lack of consultation between contractor and local community on the sites for excavation of laterite . historical sites.concerns are contained in the Scoping Report (October 2012) reviewed.

borrow pits and materials storage areas serving the project. Employment opportunities Investigate the role of the Labour Department in the recruitment of local people. adverse environmental and socio-cultural impacts will occur during . Concern that employment opportunity for local people should not be restricted to unskilled labour but also skilled labour. Concern that over exploitation of local water sources for construction works might lead to water shortage to the local community. other diseases and pregnancies. Concern that the project benefits to the local people are not known.Siting of construction camps Lack of consultation between contractor and local community on the sites for camp sites Abstraction of water from local sources. which occur during heavy rainfall. HIV/AIDS. Concern that the duration and cost of investment are not kno rehabilitation are not known. In addition. District/Community role in the project Concern that the roles of the District Council & the commu not known. Many of these impacts will arise not only at the construction site but also at quarries. Local government under the community development should be involved in the HIV/AIDS programmes Sensitive Areas Concern that Culture site if fund should be reported to the NHCC Drainage design/Culverts Investigate the flooding at the site area. POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS Construction of the shopping mall will adversely affect the environment and the communities in the immediate surroundings of the construction site. Project benefits to the local community.

construction as a result of air and soil pollution from machinery. Construction Phase In this phase dust raised from gravel access roads by haulage trucks while transporting laterite. Operational Phase Abandoned excess laterite and stone aggregate littered around stock pile areas after construction is completed change the soil structure in the surrounding areas. hydraulic fluids.38. trash and garbage. Soil compaction by plant machinery and vehicles movement will lead to reduced groundwater yields. dust. Impacts on Land and Soil 1. noise from construction equipment and blasting. petroleum products and other chemicals may change the soil structure.36. stock piles preparation. plant park sites and drainage excavation will cause soil destabilisation. lime. quarrying.1 above. access roads.1.1. and the presence of nonresidentlabor forces. Impacts on Vegetation 1. . Within the construction phase some activities involving site installation. toxic and empty oil containers.37. Similarly DE vegetated areas resulting from post excavation and grading works including drainage channels enhance soil erosion on discharge areas. fuel and oil spills.1. 1. Construction Phase The vegetation to be affected most is that which is confined to the shopping mall reserve and where gravel pits will be established. The ecological value of the inundated forests and woodlands to the riverine ecosystem cannot be ignored in that such vegetation stands contain several niches for diversity of animal species. Soil contamination will be caused by leakages from the machines operations. This impact is considered insignificant. Plant most likely to be affected are those found in the five vegetation types outlined in Section 5. stone aggregate. construction of detours. cement. poor handling of petroleum products such as oil and fuel spillage during dispensing as well as improper disposal of used oils.

mitre drains and culverts will require cleaning. . Construction Phase The impacts on wildlife around the project area are considered not significant since the shopping mall is in the middle of the commercial business area. 1.1.1. Impacts on Water Quality 1. lime. Operational Phase Laterite dust and littered stone aggregate from the excess construction material left after shopping mall construction works will hinder normal vegetation growth around the stockpile areas.42. which will result in siltation of nearby watercourses. This will not have any disruption of animal movements during the operation of the mall.21 Impacts on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitats 1.1. side drains. 1. However. Some of the drains and culverts might be prone to soil erosion.Should the design of the shopping mall confine the extent of land clearing to the limits of the shopping mall reserve. stone aggregate. Also impacts on water quality may . petroleum products and other chemicals including emissions from plant machinery and vehicles hamper normal growth of vegetation. Construction Phase During construction phase. trees within the shopping reserve should be preserved for ecological and aesthetic reasons Dust raised from gravel access roads by haulage trucks during the transportation of laterite. Loss of vegetation in this phase is caused by activities related to clearing of sites for installation of works.1. as the shopping mall runway is located in the commercial business centre. clearing of the quarry site. construction of detours. de-silting. the bridges. then this will not affect vegetation in the outlying areas.41. access roads and park sites and the demand for fuelwood by labour force. preparation of stock pile area. Operational Phase Impacts on wildlife are not considered significant.39. reshaping and repair.40. Similarly Poor disposal of toxic waste and petroleum products hampers normal growth of vegetation. cement.

the Contractor will set up temporary camp for its labour force and will require sanitation facilities such as pit latrines. Operational Phase Excess construction material left after construction works may be washed into the water sources and lead to sedimentation of water sources and lowering of the water quality. Impacts on Air Quality 1. drainage channels. Construction of sub-standard pit latrines for campsite labour force may contaminate groundwater due to seepage to the groundwater. Dust raised from gravel access roads by haulage trucks during transportation of materials will also pollute the air of the immediate local environment 1. Activities that will give rise to this impact include construction of detours. excavation and grading works.43. Operational Phase . Construction Phase During construction phase large amounts of soil will be excavated and transported.1. The machinery used for excavation will generate dust. Similarly. Erosion of bare areas resulting from excavation and grading works and construction of drainage channels may increase runoff which will lead to sedimentation and increased turbidity in surface water as well as reduced groundwater infiltration. easily eroded destabilised soils may be washed into surface water sources and cause siltation and sedimentation which will reduce the water quality and impact on aquatic life.1. 1. Emissions to the air in form of exhaust fumes and dust from vehicles and machines may cause nuisance to the closest surroundings. which can be dispersed by the wind affecting a zone of up to 100m around the excavation. At the project site.44. leakages from storage areas and heavy vehicles. Further hazardous materials spilled from haulage vehicles and washed into water sources will result in water pollution.1.45. improper disposal of used oils and from hydraulic fluids which enters the nearby surface water sources. access caused by contaminated run-off of petroleum product spillages.

46. The machines are noisy and will cause a certain degree of nuisance to the surrounding environment. The normal acceptable noise level for such activities is 65dB or CNEL (Community Noise Equivalent Level) Impacts on Landscape and Aesthetics 1. The current noise level at the proposed site is 42. In the worst case a combined power level of 115 dB(A) will be in place during construction which will result in the 50 dB(A) contour being located at a maximum 250m from the construction site. However since the equipment will never work at exactly the same location the 50 dB(A) contour will be confined to the construction site and within the airport reserve area.47. Acceptable levels of noise are regarded to be 40 dB(A) during the night and 50 dB(A) during the day. equipment movement including land clearing for stockpiles as well as reshaping during the shopping mall construction distorts the natural landscape and . Since construction will take place during the day only the 50 dB(A) level is of importance.1.6 dB. 1. Also loose soils on cleared areas may be blown off during strong winds and raise dust particulate matter. Construction Phase Generation of dust during quarrying.48.Impact on air quality in the operational phase is likely to come from increased vehicles and vehicular traffic flows which proportionately discharge emissions to the air.1. Impacts of Noise 1. A front end loader has for instance a power level of 100dB(A) while a truck will have a power level of 85 dB(A). Operational Phase During operational phase the source of noise is expected to come from increased a vehicular traffic.1. The noise levels of machines and vehicles vary widely and depend on the type of noise generated and level of activity. Construction Phase During construction phase heavy machinery will be used for the excavation of soil. which may affect the quality of the air. sleep disturbance and interference with communication. Some common impacts of noise nuisance include annoyance.

which are left near areas of scenic beauty after construction works.1. stone aggregate and concrete slabs left in areas of scenic beauty reduces the quality scenery. Further extensive excavations and dumping of stripped top soils in scenic area spoils the beauty of the areas. such as sale of food and beverages. Construction Phase During this phase skilled and unskilled labour will be required. Furthermore.1. major impacts are anticipated to the surrounding environment. this activity will be confined to the mall reserve areas and therefore the impact can be minimised through a programme. Impacts on Land-use and Surrounding Environment 1.51.1. indirect opportunities for employment will arise from the provision of services to the construction teams.50. The major source of impact expected is generation of dust by construction vehicles. 1. Project areas are characterised by high level of unemployment and low level of skills and employment opportunities will therefore increase the positive benefits for the local people who are in dire need of income for sustenance.may degrade areas of scenic beauty.52.1. Since there are plans to develop the shopping mall. 1. 1.49. Operational Phase Increased vehicular traffic will entail a proportionate increase in exhaust fumes and will have an impact to the immediate surrounding environment. This impact is considered to be positive. which ensures dust control such as regular watering down the dust areas. excess construction materials of laterite.1. Operational Phase Abandoned structures.53. Construction Phase The land-use around the project site is characterised by residential and lodge activity and commercial business areas. Impacts on Socio-economic Environment 1. Operational Phase . However. In this sense the construction of the shopping mall may have a positive impact on the employment situation in the nearby communities.

The potential impact is considered insignificant. Construction Phase . Impacts on Human Settlements 1.57. 1.1.Socio-economic benefits provided by the construction of the shopping mall will include allweather services and goods provision and reliability. Construction Phase Within the project area we do not have any cultural and historic sites. The dust can settle on the site and can disfigure its outlook. access roads and campsites can destroy the site and may lead to loss of cultural heritage. Operational Phase No direct correlation was determined between migration and construction of the shopping mall especially that the mall is located on the vergin land with no settlement. The impacts likely to affect the sites are disturbance due to increased tourist visitations and dust generation from vehicles during construction. No additional negative impacts on human settlements are foreseen during the operational phase. food. relocation of any settlement .1.1. groceries farm products. increased access to Banks. reduced transportation costs.Moreover construction work will be confined to the shopping mall reserve area.But if fund during the construction works they will be protected under the National Heritage Conservation Commission Act.56.55.1. 1. In addition construction of detours. Impacts of Quarries and Borrow Pits 1. Impacts on Cultural and Historic Sites 1.1. Construction Phase There will be no possibilities of demolition. Other activities that may also lead to this impact include location of stockpile. Operational Phase No additional negative impacts on cultural values are foreseen during operational phase.54.58. better access to health care and other social services.

Operational Phase The vehicular traffic intensity to the mall is likely to increase once the construction of a shopping mall is complete and the mall becomes operational. The excavated areas become prone to soil erosion during rain season and can contaminate nearby surface water. Potential impacts include vegetation clearance and landscape scars resulting from the absence of revegetation programmes and poor excavationtechniques. such as malaria and their vector can occur in stagnant water collected in abandoned borrow pits.During construction phase. Construction Phase Construction traffic could negatively impact on undisturbed areas of the project. Operational Phase Quarries and borrow pits left abandoned after construction works could be a potential hazard to ecology and nearby communities and animal population. Impacts of Road Traffic 1. Malaria that is transmitted by the anopheles mosquito and diarrhoea are both water-related diseases. Quarries and borrow pits impact on the visual and aesthetic view.1.1. 1. a number of quarries and borrow pits will be opened up. This additional flow could be because of people going for shoppingor traffic connecting to neighboring communities beyond the shopping mall. Further if the quarries and borrow pits are sited nearby communities the pits could become habitats for dangerous creatures such as snakes.60. Transmission of diseases. . Thus the potential impact from poor extraction techniques and lack of re-vegetation programmes is considered significant. Also increased air pollution due to diesel fumes and dust generation resulting from the presence of construction machinery and site clearing activities. The additional vehicular flow may cause an increased number of accidents on the road. The construction process could impede movement of people on the usual route to livelihood activities.1.61. movement of machinery and labourers and thus impact on the nearby communities. 1. Extraction of construction materials from quarries and borrow pits could generate excessive noise caused by blasting. which can easily attack unsuspecting children playing in these abandoned quarries and borrow pits.59.

1.62.1. Construction Phase Construction of camps will require clearance of vegetation and this will result in loss of vegetation along the route. Overall. Construction Phase During the construction phase heavy machinery will be employed. 1. Heavy machines make a lot of noise.1. 1. improved sight lines and replacement of road furniture will reduce some accidents. it is likely that the community hasbeen exposed to a social change.65. The types of accidents include those involving vehicles. Impacts of Work Accidents 1. However since the road has been in existence for a number of years. bicycles and pedestrians. Impacts of Construction Camps 1.This increase in traffic may cause an increase in the number of accidents. This is likely to have negative impact on health of the workers. To limit the risk of accidents. safety procedures will be put in place and enforced by the foreman to ensure that vehicles and machinery only drive in designated places by authorised personnel. cause carbon dioxide emissions and generate dust and may cause accidents among operators if not handled properly. During construction phase. Operational Phase . HIV/AIDS) to the communities living along the route.63. In addition waste will be produced at the camps including sewage and petroleum product waste.64. The potential impacts are significant and negative. the construction teams will interact with the nearby communities and can cause social upheaval and transmit diseases (STDs. However. The impact is therefore considered moderate and negative.1. Operational Phase As the runway rehabilitation project would have completed there will be no workers on site and there will be no more impact from this phase. the potential impact of an increase in accidents is considered significant and negative.

Direct Impact An impact that appears immediately as a result of an activity of the project. Spatial Extent The physical and spatial size of the impact. the loss of forest habitat is a direct impact of logging. . The assessment of the issues has been conducted according to a synthesis of criteria required by the integrated environmental management procedure defined as follows: Nature of Impact This is an appraisal of the type of effect the proposed activity would have on the affected environmental component. the impact could affect the whole or measurable portion of the site. construction camps will either be demolished or handed over to the nearby communities and therefore the potential impact in this phase is considered insignificant. building a new runway may cause indirect impacts on the local economy of a village by increasing accessibility to other markets. For example. It is a description of whether the impact would occur on a scale described as follows: Site. Indirect Impact An impact that is related to the project but that arises from an activity of the project at a secondary level. Whether it is limited to the immediate area of the proposed project. The objective of this section is to predict and to assess these potential impacts of the proposed project to international standard and to recommend mitigating measures to be incorporated into the project design. EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS A project such as construction of the shopping mall is likely to affect the environment and community.At the end of the rehabilitation project. For example. Its description should include what is being affected and in what way.

that impact could affect the area including the outlying areas of the city. medium. Medium term. thereafter it will be entirely negated. this is measured in the context of the life-time of the proposed development. the only class of impact which will be non-transitory. Mitigation either by man or natural process will not occur in such a way or in such a time span that the impact can be considered transient. the transport routes and the adjoining towns. but will be mitigated by direct human action or by natural processes thereafter. National. Intensity A description of whether or not the intensity (magnitude) of the impact would be high. An attempt will be made to quantify the impacts on components of .Local. Duration The lifetime of the impact. Whether it would affect environs up to 15km outside the immediate environment. the impact will either disappear with mitigation or will be mitigated through natural process in a span shorter than the construction phase. Short term. the impact will last for the period of the construction phase. Regional. the impact could be as far reaching international boundaries. the impact will continue or last for the entire operational life of the development. Long term. low or negligible (no impact). Permanent. the impact could affect the extended area adjacent to the site perhaps a neighborhood or small town.

or benign? Does it destroy theimpacted environment. albeit in a modified way. Probability This describes the likelihood of the impacts actually occurring. The classes are rated as follows: Unlikely. function and process continue. The affected environment is altered. alter its functioning.the affected environment will be described as follows: Is the impact destructive. The impact may occur for any length of time during the life cycle of the activity. Moderate. due to either the circumstances. and not at any given time. the impact could possibly happen. it is most likely that the impact will occur at some or other stage of the development. Plans must be drawn up before the undertaking of the activity. Note that some impacts have a high intensity and a short duration with no permanent audio effects. or slightly alter it? These are rated as follows: Low. the probability of the impact occurring is very low. Possible. the impact alters the affected environment in such a way that natural processes of functions are not affected in any significant way. and this will not be required to be significantly accommodated in the project design or implementation. Probable. and mitigation planning should be undertaken. This will be a relative evaluation within the context of all the activities and the other impacts within the framework of the project. High. where it could have significant influence on the environment but cannot be mitigated or be accommodated by the project environment by introducing alternative mitigation measures such as realignment at a particular stretch or adoption of different design measures. where it could have an adverse influence on the environment which would require modification of the project design or alternative implementation schedules. where the impact will not have significant influence on the environment. Function or process of the environment is disturbed to the extent where it temporarily or permanently ceases. design or experience. however. .

the impact will take place regardless of any prevention plans. i. the impact is not substantial and does not require any mitigatory action.e. the impact is of little importance. and therefore indicates the level of mitigation required. The classes are rated as follows: Negligible.e. Failure to mitigate. High. intensity and time scale. The direct impacts would be experienced mainly during the rehabilitation process. Mitigation is therefore essential. Positive impacts should be enhanced as a priority. Mitigation is required to reduce the negative impacts to acceptable levels or positive impacts maximized. with the objective of reducing the impact to acceptable levels. impacts during the rehabilitation phase or impacts over the life of the runway (operational phase) and whether the impacts are direct (i. The indirect impacts are primarily socio-economic and extend beyond the project implementation. and include effects on the physical environment. removal of vegetation) or indirect (increased deforestation as a result of the improved runway). Significance is an indication of the importance of the impact in terms of physical extent. Low. the expected environmental impacts can be categorised into positive and negative impacts. it is important to consider the duration of the impact and at what phase of the project it occurs. health and safety of the residents along the runway and the construction workers during the rehabilitation phase. Moderate. the impact is of importance and therefore considered to have mitigation. the impact is of great importance. and only mitigatory actions or contingency plans can be relied on to contain the effect. In addition. Determination of Significance Significance is determined through a synthesis of impact characteristics or combination of effects. The indirect impacts include changes in economic activities and long-term . From the baseline information assembled in the previous chapter coupled with the information gained during the consultation stage.Definite. but may require limited mitigation. could render the entire development option or entire project proposal unacceptable.

fuels and poor waste oil disposal methods. Table of Evaluated Impacts:Phase Impact Type of Impact Spatial Duration Intensity Proba n/a Medium term n/a Low n/a Unlike Extent Impacts on Soil Design Construction None Change in soil n/a Direct n/a Site trucks. the indirect impacts would be felt in the adjacent regions. Exposed soil is prone to erosion by water or wind. Unlike the direct impacts. which occur in the immediate environment. such as increased land degradation due to increased settlement and development near the runway. Stripping and stockpiling of topsoil could lead to erosion and degradation of . Direct Site Medium term Moderate Probable Direct Site Medium term Moderate Probable Direct Site Medium term Moderate Probable texture due to accumulation of foreign dust particles falling from haulage Soil contamination due to improper storage of materials.changes.

soil quality. especially avifauna. Direct due to site clearing which will lead to loss of habitat and displacement of fauna species. Indirect Moderate Possible contamination by waste and spillages of aircraft. Impacts on Vegetation Design Construction None Retardation of n/a Direct n/a Local n/a Medium term n/a Low n/a Unlike vegetation growth due to contamination from dust particles and gas Loss of vegetation emissions. Table of Evaluated Impacts Local Medium term Moderate Probable . Soil compaction Direct Site Medium term Soil erosion near Indirect Local Local Long term Moderate Probable could result following construction activities. Operational Long term Moderate Possib runway culverts and drainage channels where water velocity Soil could increase.

Direct Local Long term Moderate Possible Site Long term Moderate Possible wildlife routes due to quarries and borrow pits left in wildlife areas without rehabilitation. Impacts on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat Design None n/a Construction Disturbance to birds Direct and animals and loss Operational of habitat. Impacts on Water Quality Design None n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a . Noise disturbance Indirect to wildlife due to increased vehicular traffic.Phase Impact Type of Spatial Extent Duration Intensity Proba Site Long term Low Possib n/a Site n/a Long term n/a Moderate n/a Possib Site Long term Moderate Possib Impact Impacts on Vegetation (Cont'd) Operational Increased access as a Indirect result of the development of the mall could lead to increased deforestation around the mall. Wildlife loss due to Indirect accidental killings caused by increased traffic to the Disruption to shopping mall.

Table of Evaluated Impacts: Phase Impact Impacts on Air Quality Design None Construction Air pollution caused by diesel fumes and dust from excavators. Ground water Indirect contamination due to construction of sub-standard campsite pit latrines for Operational workers. Type of Spatial Impact Extent n/a Direct n/a Local Duration Intensity Proba n/a Short term n/a Moderate n/a Probab . Sedimentation and Indirect increased turbidity in surface water caused by erosion of bare areas and runoffs resulting from excavation and grading works and drainage channels left after construction works.Construction Siltation of water Indirect Local Long term Moderate Site Long term Moderate Local Long term Moderate courses due to soil erosion of nearby drains and culverts.

Noise from increased vehicular traffic. graders and as well as site clearing will affect human. . equipment Operational and drilling. Impacts on Noise Design None Construction Noise and vibration caused by construction machinery. Impacts on Landscape and Aesthetics Design Visual impact of the shopping mall could be substantial if designs do not consider the slope of the surrounding environment. vegetation and also disturb habitats for birds. animals and insects. Operational Excessive diesel Indirect Site Long term Moderate Possib n/a Direct n/a Site n/a Short term n/a Moderate n/a Probab Indirect Site Long term Low Possib n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a fumes due to unmaintained equipment fuel stockpiles.bull dozers. Unpleasant odors Direct Site Short term Moderate Probable due to unmaintained toilets and poor waste management.


. Mitigation measures form a basis on which an Environmental Management Plan has been formulated. Limitation of earth moving to dry periods. Collection and recycling of used oil & lubricants. alleviate or reduce environmental impacts on the environment. Storage of potential pollutants such as fuel. Protection of susceptible soil surface with mulch. Exposed soil is prone to erosion by water or wind. disposal methods. Petroleum storage tanks shall have bund walls around and shall be high enough to contain any spillage. Mitigation Measures Phase Impacts on Land and Soil Construction Phase Impact Mitigation Measure Soil contamination due to improper storage of materials. Petroleum products dispensing fuels and poor waste oil points shall have drip pans. The mitigation measures are set forth to maximize positive impacts and minimize negative impacts as a result of the proposed development.MITIGATION MEASURES This section proposes mitigation measures for identified potential impacts as discussed in earlier chapters. oil and chemicals should be done on sealed surfaces to prevent soil contamination. Mitigation measures are actions that are intended to avoid.

Abstraction of Water from Local Sources Exploitation of water sources for rehabilitation works shall be done with approval by the local authority and with consent from the local community.1.1. Installation of sedimentation basins or planting of erodible surfaces as soon as possible. There shall be sensitization to both construction workers and the local community on STDs and HIV/AIDS using aids such as video shows. Shopping Mall Site & its Surroundings Detours. Proposed Measures to Address Concerns of the Communities around the Project area 1.69.1. Further waste disposal from camp site shall be done at sites designated by the Local Authority and ZEMA.1.Protection of drainage channels by stone pitching. access Roads and equipment park site location shall be done in consultation with local authority and with local people and shall take into account the existing land use in the areas. However. construction waste may be reused for rehabilitation of the borrow pits.68. pamphlets. Quarries & Borrow Pits Quarries and borrow pits shall not be done near the communities. 1. Stripping and stockpiling of topsoil could lead to Exposed soil should be avoided by selective soil stripping. This will help to deal with social upheavals such as temporary marriages. 1.66.67. Sitting of Construction Camps Selection of camp sites shall be done in consultation with local authority and the local community. This will avoid conflicts and also to receive support from the local community. casual sex relationships and more chances of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases due interaction. . 1.

Lay-bys and Access Roads Detours.1. access roads and equipment park site location shall be done in consultation with RDA and local people and shall take into account the existing land use in the areas.71. are the flats residential flats near the project. equate warning signs in black spot areas and speed retarders will be used . Drainage Design/Culverts Drainage systems shall discharge into the nearby river basins where water may collect which could then be available to other users. Detour.74. The major communities around project area. 1.1. 1.72. 1. A report on the contractor's performance prepared by the KML shall also be made available to the affected in the respective local authorities. The KML shall ensure that the local authority becomes part of the project monitoring team during the implementation of the mitigation measures by the Contractor in those areas under the jurisdiction of the local authority.This will ensure that the community's concerns expressed during the scoping report and stated in this report are not overlooked. Accidents & Black-Spots Provision of ad1. Project Benefits to the Local Community The Contractor shall ensure that the local people with the necessary skills are employed in the construction and operation of the project. By-pass.70.73. which should be considered as part of the project monitoring team. District/Community Role in the Project The District/local community shall participate in the project through their local authority during the project implementation phase.

will be found for easy reference. Pre-construction. or ameliorate effects or impacts resulting from project implementation and where possible.3 and it addresses . In reality. Institutional Framework for Monitoring. the environmental management plan seeks to limit the interaction of disturbed with undisturbed lands and through the various process of shopping mall construction. Reporting and Supervision of EMP 1. The Environmental Management Plan for the management of the identified environmental impacts associated with this project consists of three main components: 1. enhance beneficial effects. An EMP is a document where all the measures that are required for environmental protection.1. the shopping mall users and to some extent the Public. the affected Local Communities. Monitoring the implementation of the EMP 3. The Plan is presented in this chapter under Section 12. the contractor. minimise.ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING PLAN Introduction The EIA Regulations state that the developer must provide an Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan. India Environmental Management Agency. restore the disturbed land to a pre-determined form of land-use or to a productivity level similar to that occurring prior to disturbance. The key stakeholders in the environmental management activities are: KML. Environmental Management Plan Environmental management is carried out in all stages of the Project namely. which will include the mitigation measures and the monitoring plan. The aim of an environmental management plan is to avoid. Construction and Operational. Local Authorities. Impact Mitigation Plan The impact mitigation plan allocates the responsibilities for implementation of the proposed mitigation measures to the various stakeholders and indicates at what stage in the project they should be performed. Government agencies.75. Implementing the Impact Mitigation Plan 2.

The key components of the proposed impact mitigation plan are:               Land and Soil Vegetation Water Quality Air Quality Noise Landscape and Aesthetics Land-use and Surrounding Environment Socio-economic issues Cultural and Historic Sites Human Settlements Quarries and Borrow Pits Work Accidents Construction Camps Road Traffic Surface Water Management Surface water is an important component of both ecological and human use of the land. Vegetation and Flora . and the requirement to discharge flows without causing erosion. all surface runoff from areas of disturbance and areas with elevated runoff coefficient will be directed by correctly designed drainage system. According. to sediment traps with sufficient volume and retention time to maximise settlement of suspended sediment prior to release. The drains will be designed according to the characteristics of peak flows for the pre-determined design storm. The aim of the surface water management programme is to ensure that where practical. and whereappropriate. Erosion Control and Sediment Retention The highly flocculated nature of the soils in the project areas indicates that they are prone to erosion in a disturbed state. flows into and through the project site and the nearby streams are maintained and that water quality to these systems is maintained.the negative impacts generated by the construction works and presents the associated cost estimates of mitigating the adverse impacts.

Progressively rehabilitating disturbed areas to re-establish habitats. Providing adequate drainage control systems around the runway and access tracks constructed as part of the project. it is most likely that the more mobile species will tend to move away from the areas of greatest activity during construction but will return during the operation of the airport runway. Clearly marking and restricting access to areas of high conservation value. These include: Raising awareness in the workforce about conservation issues and legal obligations of construction workers by structuring the environmental awareness programme to include issues relating specifically to project site. and vegetation wherever possible during clearing for use during restoration. Establishing an efficient dust suppression plan in all areas where the generation of dust has been identified as an environmental management issue. Designing the project layout to reduce the area of clearing required. Declaring a 50m ‘no-go’ buffer zone around the project area to prevent disturbance. However. Progressively rehabilitating disturbed areas as they become available and are no longer required for project operations. Construction Waste .A number of management initiatives will be implemented to reduce potential impacts and disturbance to flora and vegetation. Restricting disturbance and clearing of habitats to the minimum required for safe and efficient operations. Fauna Experience indicates that fauna adapt readily to the general effects of project operations. Retaining topsoil.

As the first principle of rehabilitation is long –term stability. All construction waste that has been generated will be recycled or placed in designated disposal sites and covered with soil. Rehabilitation Rehabilitation will be ongoing and progressively throughout the life of the project. The water trucks will continually apply water to potential dust generation areas such as the main detours and borrow pit area. The mall will also have clearly marked assembly points in the event of fire where people will be requiredtoassemble. Noise management will be limited to standard sound retarding devices on all operational vehicles as recommended by the manufacturer. If the fire will be insurmountable for the fire hydrants. the Noida City Council Fire Brigade will be contacted on 993 for back up. Noise. The Mall will have fire extinguishers and hydrants for the purpose of putting off fires. ABC mall limited and ZEMA will investigate any noise complaints received. Evidence to date indicates that the re-vegetation of disturbed areas will be both natural and rapid. However. Noise generated from operations at the project site is not expected to impact on local communities due to the distances between the operations area and areas of habitation.Construction waste will be generated as a result of the shopping mall construction. EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN Fire hydrants will be installed in strategic locations in the Mall to fight fires that may break out. . Announcements will be made through the public address system at the mall. practices that address this issue will be implemented as part of long-term approaches. Management of Air Quality Throughout the construction of the shopping mall standard water trucks will use water to suppress dust. The manager’s office will direct response to fire but only in the absence of fire men.

This Decommission and Closure Plan assumes that the whole Project site will dismantled and removed. DECOMMISSIONING AND CLOSURE PLAN At closure.500. re-profiled and re-vegetated. the ABC Shopping Mall steel infrastructure. Mobile equipment. pipes. Saleable items will be sold at market values. The proposed closure cost estimates were based on the current market prices and costs of labour. pumps. the Mall Manager or his designate will contact the ZEMA emergency response team2 for resources and backup. These shall be updated with annual inflation and major economic changes.In case of no-fire environmental emergencies. Finally. The local community and businesses will be consulted in this regard prior to closure. light industry and/or warehouse use. motors. brick structures and foundations will be dismantled to 500 mm below ground level. Certain of the Project buildings and Mall structures (after removal of process Mall and decontamination) could be adapted for sustainable use including small business enterprise. containers will be dismantled and/or removed to a secure storage area awaiting sale to the local community. businesses and scrap metal dealers. Decommissioning and Closures Cost Estimates Activity Responsible Personnel General 1) Administrative expenses Manager Cost (ZMK) and 10. Redundant equipment will be sold as scrap or disposed off-site at an approved waste disposal site. electric cables.000 Environmental Officer such as salaries and bills during the Decommissioning and Closures Phase General 2) Acquisition of applicable Manager Environmental Officer and 15.000 . valves. transformers.500. the Mall site will be leveled.

preparation of necessary statutory reports and any consultancy services. Total Costs for Manager Environmental Officer and 10.permits.000.000 . General 3) Demolition and Manager and 20.000 Environmental Officer Levelling/re-profiling the area. General 4) Removal of all the steel scrap.500. non-steel scrap alternative uses or disposal.

Impact Mitigation Plan





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Tanks to be placed on
concrete hard

chemicals should be

chemicals in case of

inspected and

done on sealed


approved by KML

surfaces to prevent

Officers from ZEMA

soil contamination;


Concrete @








be Monitoring


its frequency


and Responsible





Impact on Land and Soil
Exposed soil is
prone to erosion
by water or wind.


of To



soil Mitigation


particles from the measures

for Phase

basins or planting current of the fast impacts on soils

erodible flowing water.


shall be part of

surfaces as soon



as possible.



the contractor.





common soils @


Excavate in rock


@ US$50/m3



topsoil could lead





soil quality.


soil To prevent highly Mitigation


should be avoided prone soils from measures
by selective soil getting

this Phase

exposed impact is part of

to erosion.





the contractor.











stripping will be



be Monitoring
its frequency



and Responsible





Impact on Land and Soil
Soil erosion near


drainage channels






erosion To control soil Programme


be erosion and check Shopping


for Operational Phase KML

for culverts and drainage
near drainage channels maintenance shall


by requiring



be developed and


construction will








Regular maintenance To prevent clogging Mitigation measures Construction Phase of culverts & of the culverts & the this impact is part of drainage channels. contamination from dust particles and gas of To suppress dust Mitigation generation measures Construction this Phase impact is part of the contract The ground will be watered KML Water bowsers to water gravel DCAs @ U$50/hr . made available. drainage system by the contract debris carried with Document with the water flow. and standard designed culverts.correctly attention. Impact contractor Mitigation Objective Measure schedule will be put in place to for implementation maintenance US$50/m Consultant be Monitoring its frequency Linear of the culverts @ Regular maintenance KML Actions taken Contractor Authority and Responsible Cost of Mitigation indicators Impacts on Vegetation Retardation of Dust control by vegetation growth application due to water.

To reduce the amount Mitigation measures Construction Phase of dust generation. the contract Document with Construction will be restricted to Contractor KML Haulage of suitable gravel from outside game area .emissions. Document with the contractor Haulage trucks shall not exceed the speed limit of 60km per hour. loss of Construction should To reduce on the Mitigation be extent of the area measures Construction this Phase confined to the to be impacted impact is part of proposed site upon. this impact is part of the contract Document with the Speed limited KML N/A to 60km per hour contractor Impact Mitigation Objective Measure Actions taken to for be Monitoring its frequency implementation Authority and Responsible Cost of Mitigation indicators Impacts on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat Disturbance to birds and animals and habitat.

km Local Authority Actions Measure US$0. km will KML restricted to day time Document with the hours.Provision to speeding through speed provision retarders of and humps along warning signs & the roads mounting of Operational Phase Police of Speed limit will be used Traffic Speed humps @ Patrol Unit Local authority US$500/ each .35/m3.the contractor Noisy activities to be To reduce sleep Mitigation measures Construction Phase scheduled to occur disturbance to birds this impact is part of within normal prescribed and animals.35/m3. the working Construction contract only contractor Mitigation Objective Contractor Haulage of suitable gravel from outside game Consultant area US$0. Impact the proposed site taken to for be Monitoring its frequency implementation Authority Cost and Responsible of Mitigation indicators Impacts on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat Wildlife loss due to accidental killings caused by speeding traffic There shall adherence speed be To control over.

Cost of Mitigation indicators Impacts on Water Quality Siltation of water courses soil due to erosion of nearby drains and culverts. be applied laws). control Partial fencing of shopping mall Noise disturbance to wildlife due to increased Control of noisy To monitor and Enforcement activities on site control vehicular traffic of Operational Phase Local Authority noise local by-laws. Sides of the To filter of the Mitigation drainage shall be sediment particles measures Construction this Phase planted with grass in the fast flowing impact is part of or stone pitched. Impact Mitigation Objective Measure Actions taken to for be Monitoring its frequency implementation Authority and Responsible Working limited hours to day light only.speed traps. rain water with the contract grass and also to Document with Contractor KML Grassing @ US$3/m2 Operational Phase Stone Stone pitching @ pitching .generation. Local laws will ZEMA (through local by.

this impact is part of the Operational Phase contract Contractor Using stone masonry at US$12 each KML Document with the The drainage will have scour checks contractor Impact Mitigation Objective Measure Actions taken to for be Monitoring its frequency implementation Authority and Responsible Cost of Mitigation indicators Impacts on Water Quality (Cont'd) Siltation of water courses soil due to erosion of nearby drains and Silt traps shall be To protect surface Mitigation put along water pollution measures Construction this Phase Contractor KML Approx US$10/m . checks.avoid erosion of the contractor will be used US$50/m2 soil surfaces by stone pitching. Drainage shall systems To reduce the current Mitigation measures Construction Phase have scour of rainwater flow.

contract Phase Document with the contractor Silt traps will be used along the drainage Spoon drains shall To control excessive Mitigation measures Construction Phase have scour checks. flow and risks of provided for impacts erosion.culverts. drainage systems. on Water Quality Contractor Operational Phase US$15 each KML shall be part of the Spoon drains will be overall contract provided with scour checks Document Water shortage to the local community due to over exploitation for construction works. with authority the Contractor this Phase support from the impact is part of approval by the local to Construction contract Document with the contractor Permit obtained KML will be for obstruction rights Nominal exploitation when works are reconstruction not . Exploitation of To avoid conflicts Mitigation water sources for and construction works done shall receive measures be local community. through filtering impact is part of Operational finest particles in the water current.

local .and consent from the community.

Water Quality shall be part of the overall contract Public health and KML good health practice will be used Contractor Cleaning activities @ US$150/ month . in on construction camps. for impacts on Water Quality shall be part of the overall workers.Impact Mitigation Objective Actions Measure taken to for be Monitoring its frequency implementation Authority and Responsible Cost of Mitigation indicators Impacts on Water Quality (Cont'd) Ground water contamination due to construction of sub-standard campsite pit latrines for Proper siting of To filter Mitigation Construction pit latrines away pollutants from measures Phase from water getting logged areas. to the provided ground water. KML Water areas Contractor VIP latrine @ US$600 each logged will be avoided for siting contract Document with contractor Good hygienic To promote Mitigation measures Construction Phase standards and proper cleanliness and avoid provided for impacts maintenance of pit epidemics latrines.

Quality contract Document with the contractor Contractor Excavated soils will KML be used backfilling to for .document with the contractor Sedimentation and increased turbidity in surface water caused by erosion of bare areas and resulting excavation runoffs from and grading works and drainage channels left after construction works. Excavated soils shall To make use of Mitigation measures Construction Phase be used for other available soils and provided for impacts works such backfilling as reduce on creating on more bare Water areas shall be part of the which are prone to overall soil erosion.

The main responsibilities of the collaborating network will be to: Complement the efforts for continuous monitoring and assessment of the implementation of the environmental management plan by ABC mall limited and other relevant institutions.77. Monitoring will involve field visits by ABC mall limited staff accompanied by representatives from the local authority in the affected area being visited. 1.1. Reporting & Supervision 1.1. The collaborating network should also involve representatives from the affected local authorities ( Noida City Council). This approach . Monitoring Arrangements To avoid deliberate creation of gaps between what is reflected in the mitigation plan and what actually gets implemented on the ground. Assist in the sensitization of the local communities with regard to environmental problems and their obligation.76. the contracts must spell out the sanctions for noncompliance with mitigation measures. Liaise with respective local communities on environmental issues which may arise during the reconstruction and operation of the shopping mall. The main objective of this collaborating network is to ensure that the Contractor is properly implementing mitigation measures outlined in the contracts and also that ABC mall supervision is complemented by encouraging greater use of local authorities and local community as part of project monitoring team. The rationale to involve the local authority members in monitoring in their area of jurisdiction is to ensure greater use and participation of local community in project monitoring. representatives of CBOs in affected project area and representatives of the India Environmental Management Agency.Institutional Framework for Monitoring. representatives of District Development Coordinating Committees. Establishment of Collaborating Network In order to ensure that the identified environmental issues are addressed both during and after construction of the shopping mall there will be need by the ABC mall limited to collaborate with key stakeholders.

only the Consultant. However. which may arise during the construction of the shopping mall phase. Further.1 on Monitoring and Reporting Responsibilities. During the construction phase. The report will contain the results of the environmental monitoring and the need for plan adjustment. This information should on a regular basis be collected andanalysed by those with a formal monitoring responsibility such as the ZEMA staff. the ABC mall limited will ensure that construction workers are sensitized with regard to environmental problems and their obligation. ABC Mall Limited are allocated specific and formal monitoring obligations. Traffic police. RDA. health authorities and other public authorities will automatically monitor some of the effects of the Project during their daily alsoto ensure that the particular project concerns expressed by the communities during the public consultation meeting (EIA Scoping exercise) receive attention in the project implementation. If there are any comments from the stakeholders these will be communicated to ABC shopping mall limited for possible follow up and for possible corrective action to be undertaken by the Contractor. ABC mall limited will liaise with respective government agencies such as local authorities in the affected areas and India Environmental Management Agenc on environmental issues.79. 1. the India environmental Management Agency (ZEMA). Reporting Procedure and Flow of Information The ABC Mall Limited will compile a quarterly Environmental Report from the field visits that will form the basis for assessment of environmental performance. ABC Mall Limited will ensure that the contractor implement the mitigation measures recommended in the EIS.78. The following table illustrates the different stakeholders and their monitoring responsibilities and reporting. Monitoring and Reporting Responsibilities . In addition.1. Construction Phase All major stakeholders in the Project have a monitoring role and responsibility during the construction phase. The key stakeholders are outlined in Table 12.1. 1. Forestry Department. The report will be circulated to local authorities in the affected project areas and to other key stakeholders for review and comment.

accidents. etc. etc. vegetation. traffic. .RESPONSIBLE PARAMETERS ORGANISATION MONITORED TO BE OUTPUT ZEMA Overall environmental Discussions with ABC mall performance of the Project limited/ Site Engineer ABC shopping mall/contractor Monitoring the implementation Regular of EMP environmental progress reports to stakeholders Overall environmental performance of the Project Contractor/Site Engineer Construction materials methods and Regular environmental progress reports to ZEMA Incident reports as and when required (Pollution. Noise.) by ABC shopping mall Implementation of mitigating measures for air. soil. water.

accidents.) by ABCn mall limited .Environmental management of worksites Environmental management of construction camps Environmental management of quarries and borrow pits Contractor‟s waste management Rehabilitation of abandoned worksites Table on Monitoring and Reporting Responsibilities (Cont'd) RESPONSIBLE PARAMETERS ORGANISATION MONITORED TO BE OUTPUT Contractor/Site Engineer Performance equipment of Contractor‟s Regular environmental progress reports to ZEMA Incident reports as and when required (Pollution. etc.

etc. pollution spills.Accidents (traffic.) Community relations Negative social and environmental impacts Gender balance in employment Contractor Environmental performance of equipment Implementation of mitigating measures Occupational health and safety Traffic and worksite accidents Maintenance records Accidents reports Mitigating actions Log sheet records .

Department of Agriculture.1. the Forest Department. ZEMA.80.Air quality ZEMA Conducting spot checks on the impacts on vegetation and wildlife Instructions to the Contractor and the Consultant/Site Engineer Impacts on Cultural and Historic Sites Instructions to the Contractor and the Consultant/Site Engineer Impacts on vegetation and trees Instructions to the Contractor and the Consultant/Site Engineer Traffic accidents Police reports and instructions to Contractor Negative social and environmental impacts Complaints to Contractor and Consultant/Site NHCC Forestry Department Traffic Police Traffic nuisances Traffic safety measures Local authorities 1. It is proposed that a working relationship is established between ZEMA. water affairs as well as the Road Development Agency should be responsible for monitoring and management of all indirect impacts occurring after the construction of the shopping mall. Operational Phase The local authorities. the local business associations and the mall user groups to ensure appropriate accident monitoring during operational phase .


Recommendations The study has proposed an Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan (EMP) to address the management of the identified environmental issues associated with the project . Institutional Framework for Monitoring. Generally. facilities and jobs for local people affected by the project. most of these are anticipated to occur during the construction phases and are mitigated in the overall shopping mall design.CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Conclusions The findings from the Environmental Impact Assessment show that although the proposed shopping mall is expected to have a number of negative impacts on the environment. The project area of influence outweigh the “no-development” scenario. . The negative social impacts will require some level of intervention as outlined below: Improvement and expansion of social facilities and services Collaboration with local stakeholders to counter social upheavals Sex education campaigns to fight HIV/AIDS threats Provision of alternative social services. Reporting and Supervision of EMP The mitigation of the negative impacts on biophysical environment will be part of the shopping mall design. Monitoring the implementation of the EMP 3. The project is therefore being recommended for implementation assuming the incorporation of the recommended mitigating measures and implementation of the Impact Mitigation Plan. the proposed shopping mall is planned to follow most efficient environmental management systems thus the potential impacts are therefore reduced.The plan consists of implementing the listed components stated below as follows: 1. Implementing the Impact Mitigation Plan 2. The mitigation measures will require constant information flow and consultation with the stakeholders to ensure the least adverse social-economic impact from the project.