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TRAFFIC IMPACT

ASSESSMENT
What is Traffic Impact Analysis?

A traffic impact analysis is a


study which assesses the
effects
that
a
particular
developments traffic will have
on the transportation network
in the community.

What is Traffic Impact Analysis?


What is Traffic Impact Analysis?
Allow the community to assess
the impacts that a proposed
development may have.
Help to ensure safe and
reasonable traffic conditions on
streets after the development is
complete.
Reduce the negative impacts
created by developments by
helping to ensure that the
transportation
network
can
accommodate the development.
Provide direction to community
decision makers and developers
of expected impacts.
Protect
the
substantial
community investment in the
street system.
Steps of Traffic Impact Assessment
Determination of scope of
work

GENERAL
The scope of work for the conduct of TIA
includes but is not limited to the following:
-Transportation Improvements
-Road Geometry
-Traffic Safety
-Site Circulation and Parking
-Transportation facilities related to public
transport, bicycle and pedestrian
travel
-Transportation Demand Management
-Neighborhood Traffic and Parking
Management
-Funding for countermeasures

Determination of scope of
work
Minimum Study Area

Additional Study Area

High Traffic Impact Areas

2. Data
Secondary

Details of the proposed


development
-Exact location of the
project
-Floor area and land use
-Inventory of provided
facilities

Established rates for


generation and attraction (to be
provided)

2. Data
Primary
Network , geometric and traffic
control data within the
influence area including
pedestrian facilities
Existing traffic flow: Traffic flow
volume, OD, directional
movements, speed, parking
inventory, etc.
Predicted traffic: Traffic flow
volume, OD
3. Analysis
Calculate
Required road width and
intersection capacity
-Four-step model
-Analogy method
Required parking facilities
Required loading and unloading
facilities
TRIP GENERATION - It predicts
the number of trips originating
in or destined for a particular traffic
analysis zone. The trip generation
process provides an estimate of the
number of trips that will be generated
due to the new development.

PARKING GENERATION - a
document prepared by the Institute
of Transportation Engineers that
summarizes a collection of parking
demand data observations made all
over the world by land use type.
Parking Generation
provides statistics on the average
peak parking demand, when the
peak demand occurs, range,

coefficient of variation and standard


deviation data.

4. Recommendations
Compare required vs. existing
(or expanded )
Roadway and intersection
capacity
Parking facilities
Provide remedial measures if
required
Why Required?
New developments
Produce/ attract new traffic
-Production: Residences
-Attraction: Shops, Offices,
Schools,
Hospitals etc. etc.
Changes in traffic pattern
-Mode diversions

- Route diversions
-Peaking time, etc.
Why Required?
Any large land development near
major junctions and/or major
urban arterials requires careful
investigation of the access
facilities to and from adjacent
roadways.
The evaluation of any negative
traffic impacts must be carefully
reviewed and if necessary,
mitigation strategies must be
implemented to ensure trouble
free traffic operations in and
around such a development.
Safe and smooth traffic
operations in and around
commercial developments are
not only essential for the
community at large, but are also

critical for a development to


succeed.
When Required?
When a specified area is being
rezoned.

When development involves a


specified number of dwelling
units or floor space.

When development occurs in a


sensitive area (e.g. near major
intersections, critical business
district, area already having
traffic problems, etc.)

When financial assessments are


required and the extent of impact
must be quantified
Reference/s: