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(A Waste to Energy Project)

Prepared & Submitted by:


Corporate Office:
Somobay Tower, (2nd Floor), Millgate, Tongi, Gazipur.
Phone: 02-9816181, 9817781-2, e-mail:
pyrolysisbd@gmail.com
Factory :
262, Turag, (Beside Power Station),
Aminbazar, Savar, Dhaka.

MASSAGE
Assalamu Walaikum Warahamatullah.
The standard of living and quality of life of a nation depend on its per capita energy
consumption. Bangladesh a developing country and is one of the most densely populated (914
persons/km2) countries in the world, with a total population of 135 million. Bangladeshs per capita
energy consumption is very low, the lowest within the Indian subcontinent. The 2005 energy
consumption value stands at 227 kgOE, compared to 512 kgOE for India, 490 kgOE for Pakistan,
478 kgOE for Sri Lanka and 450 kgOE for South Asia, and it was much below the world average of
1778 kgOE. Total primary energy consumption in 2004 was 30.70 MTOE and the energy
consumption mix was estimated as: indigenous biomass 60%, indigenous natural gas 27.45%,
imported oil 11.89%, imported coal 0.44% and hydro 0.23%. More than 77% of the countrys
population lives in rural areas, meting most of their energy needs from traditional biomass fuels.
Around 32% have access to electricity, while in rural areas the availability of electricity is
only 22%. Only 3-4% of the households have connection of natural gas for cooking purposes. Only
about 2-3% households use kerosene for the same purpose and the rest (over 90%) of people
depend on biomass for their energy needs. Thus it is crucial to find out alternative and sustainable
resources to mitigate the energy crisis in Bangladesh.
It is estimated that about 90,000 metric tons tires become scrap and are disposed of every
year in Bangladesh. The disposal of non-biodegradable solid tire wastes from human activity is a
growing environmental problem for the modern society, especially in developing countries.
Unfortunately, most of these scrap tires are simply dumped under open sky and in landfills in
developing countries. Open dumping may result in accidental fires with highly toxic emissions or
may act as ideal breeding grounds for disease carrying mosquitoes and other vermin with the aid
of rain water. Landfills full of tires are not acceptable to the environment because tires do not easily
degrade naturally.
Pyrolysis of tires can produce oils, chars, and gases, in addition to the steel cords, all of
which have the potential to be recycled.
Within the past ten years, research and development works have also been carried out for
the fixed-bed fire-tube heating pyrolysis reactor system at Rajshahi University of Engineering &
Technology (RUET). Pyrolysis of various organic solid wastes in the fixed-bed fire-tube heating
pyrolysis reactor have been successfully completed and the results are published elsewhere. The
Pyrolysis Fuel Industries (PFI) Ltd. has installed a small commercial scale pyrolysis plant at
Aminbazar, Savar, Dhaka to take part as a potential contributor for mitigating liquid fuel crisis in
Bangladesh. The pyrolysis technology for production of alternative liquid fuel from solid tire waste
is new in Bangladesh and it is the first commercial plant in the country.
Our company Support the Government in mitigating the Fuel crisis and replace fire wood
with our Carbon Black.

Chairman
Pyrolysis Fuel Industries Ltd.

We dream, We dare
We grow, We share
We build, We care

Scope of the Output Products

1.

Green Oil (Industrial Fuel Oil)


Green Oil is the major product in this process. The oil which is derived from the process its density lies
between LDO (Light Diesel Oil) & FO (Furnace Oil).
LDO density is around 0.85 to 0.89 gm/cc at 27 degree centigrade.
Calorific Value Approx 10500 kcal/kg.
FO density is around 0.95 to 0.97 gm/cc at 27 degree centigrade.
Calorific Value - Approx 10500 kcal/kg.
Green Oil density is around 0.89 to 0.91 gm/cc at 27 degree centigrade
Calorific Value - Approx 10500 kcal/kg.
The oil is equivalent to Furnace Oil which is used as industrial fuel in many industries.
Scope of the Green OilNormally Steel Industries consumed 2000 litres of Furnace Oil.
Furnace Oil rates are around varies from 60 Rs/litre
Green Oil rates are always less than Furnace Oil and are around approx 54 to 56 Rs/litre
CalculationIf manufacturer is using Furnace
Oil.
Daily consumption of oil- 2000
litres
Furnace Oil Rate- 60 Rs/litre
Input Fuel Cost- 2000*60 = 1,20,000 Rs.
If manufacturer is using Diesel Oil.
Daily consumption of oil- 2000
litres
Furnace Oil Rate- 68 Rs/litre
Input Fuel Cost- 2000*68 = 1,36,000 Rs.
If manufacturer is using Green Oil.
Daily consumption of oil- 2000
litres
Furnace Oil Rate- 56 Rs/litre
Input Fuel Cost- 2000*56 = 1,12,000 Rs. {Per Day Save Amount 24,000Rs (Diesel) & 8,000Rs (Furnace)}
Total monthly saving - 24,000*25= 6,00,000 Rs (Diesel)
Total monthly saving 8,000*25 = 2,00,000 Rs (Furnace)
Total yearly saving - 24,000*300= 72,00,000 Rs. (Diesel)
Total yearly saving - 8,000*300= 24,00,000 Rs. (Furnace)
Hence many industry preferred using Green Oil instead of furnace oil, as it saves huge amount of input cost.
Applications of Green OilUsed in the industries where burning process is required.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Mostly consumed by Hot Mix plants


Steel Industries.
Rolling Mill Industries.
Chemical Industries.
Used in the Boilers for the heating purposes.

Potential Buyers1.
Manufacturers of above mentioned industries.
2.
Traders.
2. Carbon BlackThis carbon black is of lower quality as it has around 10% of ash content in it, as a result it is used in
manufacturing lower grade quality products.
Carbon Rate- approx 10 to 14 Rs/kg.
Applications of carbon black1.
Used in steel industries for burning process.
2.
Used in footwear industries to make rubber souls.
3.
Used in polish industries.
4.
Used in ink industries.
5.
Used in color industries as pigment.

6.
7.

Used by traders to mix with higher grade carbon.


Used in Iron industries.

Potential Buyers-

1.
2.

Manufacturers of above mentioned industries.


Traders.

3.
Steel WiresThese steel wires are easily sold to the steel scrap dealers.
Steel Wire Rate- approx 10 to 15 Rs/kg.

4.

Heavy OilThis oil is of less quantity at around approx 50 to 100 litres.


Heavy oil Rate approx 9 to 24 Rs/litre
Rates depends on where you are selling1. Road Construction Industries rate would be approx. 10 Rs/kg.
2. Auto Garage rate would be approx. 9 to 12 Rs/litre.
You can also use this oil as a paste on wood so that wood can catch the fire fast. And as a result consumption of wood is
also decreased.

Petroleum (i.e. Diesel, Kerosene, Octane, Petrol & Furnace


Oil) and LPG cylinder gas price in Bangladesh and location of
filling stations
November 4, 2014

Local Selling Price of Petroleum Products [Diesel, Kerosene, Octane, Petrol & Furnace Oil and
LPG cylinder]as found in Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation website:
http://www.bpc.gov.bd/contactus.php?id=39
Product Name
1
2
3
4
5

HSD (Diesel)
SKO (Kerosene)
HOBC (Octane)
MS (Petrol)
LDO
1. a) FO (Furnace
Oil)

Local Selling Price


(Tk/litre)
68.00
68.00
99.00
96.00
68.00

04/01/2013
04/01/2013
04/01/2013
04/01/2013
11/01/2013

60.00

30/12/2011

Effective Date

1. b) FO: Bunker
Price (Ctg Port) USD 824.00 per M.Ton

25/04/2013

1. b) FO: Bunker
Price
(Mongla
Port)

25/04/2013

USD 829.00 per M.Ton

Pyrolysis Oil
Oil Specification Report
Sr. No

Specifications

Units

Tests Results

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Kinematic Viscosity at 40C


Acidity, Total
ASH
Flash Point, COC
Water Content
Pour Point
Density at 27C
Sediments
Total Sulphur
Copper Strip Corrosion Test for 3
HRS AT 100C
Gross Calorific Value

CST
mgKOH/gm
% BY WT
C
% by WT
C
gm/cc
% By Mass
% By Mass

9.00
0.01
0.005
40
NIL
+6
0.907
0.02
0.65

Standard Value
LDO BIS:1460
2.4 15.7
NIL
0.02
66 MIN.
1.0 MAX.
12 18
To Report
0.10
1.80

No Units

1b

1 MAX.

KCAL/KG

10,200

ABV.10000

10
11

Source : Eastern Refinery Ltd.

Carbon Black Powder


Carbon Specification Report
Total (condition)
Ash Content
Pour Density
pH Value
Loss on Heating
Solvent Extractable
Iodine Adsorption
Surface Area by BET Method
ICP Analysis
Cu
Fe
Mn

Method

Unit

ASTM D 1506
ASTM D 1513
ASTM D 1512
ASTM D 1509
ASTM D 4527
IS 7498
ASTM D 1993

%
Kg/m3
-%
%
gm / Kg
m2 / gm

Specified
Value
--------

IRMRA/CHEM/
SOP/08

PPM

--

Observed Value
9.44
244
6.60
0.41
7.60
81.14
27.51
11
954
14

Green Oil User List


Sl. No
1

Company Name
Sinohydro Corporation Ltd.

Shun Shing Edible Oil Ltd.

3
4
5
6
7

M/S Abul Malek Constructions


Viyella Tex
Agex Jute Mills Ltd.
Gopalgonj Power Plant

Address
Dhaka-Ctg. 4 lean Highway Road,
Nancura, Chowaddogram, Comilla.
Landview, 9th Floor, 28 Gulshan North
C/A, Gulshan-2, Dhaka.
Gangachara Bazar, Rangpur.
Bhogra, Gazipur, Dhaka
Fulbari, Khulna.
Gopalgonj.

Electricity Generation by Type of Fuel


Total
productio
n
(MkWh)

% of total production
Liquid
B
energy
ased
Hydro
5.9
1.6

Gas
based

Coal based

88.4

4.0

89.2

3.5

4.8

82.1

2.5

76.9

200825,622
09
200929,247
10
201031,355
11
201134,174
12
201241,566
13
201346,554
14
201452,240
15
201557,943
16
Source: MoF 2012

LNG
based

Import
based

..

..

2.5

..

..

12.6

2.8

..

..

2.5

18.0

2.5

..

..

74.0

2.2

21.7

2.1

..

..

77.0

1.9

16.7

1.9

..

2.5

79.4

1.7

12.5

1.7

..

4.8

79.3

7.0

6.1

1.5

1.6

4.5

Status of Rental and Quick Rental Power Plant Uses in Fuel


Name

Khulna
Thakurgaon
Pagla, Narayangonj
Bheramara
Shiddhirganj: Desh
Energy
Modonganj : Summit
Meghnaghat: IEL
Noapara : Khanjahan Ali
Khulna : KPSL
Shiddhirgonj: Dutch
Bangla
Noapara
Amnura: Sinha
Julda: Infra Service
Keranigong: Power Pack

Rental
period
(Years)
5
3
5
3
3

Estimated
capacity
(MW)
55
50
50
110
100

Type of
energy

5
5
5
5
5

102
100
40
115
100

F.
F.
F.
F.
F.

Oil
Oil
Oil
Oil
Oil

01
08
28
01
22

Apr 2011
May 2011
May 2011
Jun 2011
Jul 2011

5
5
5
5

105
50
100
100

F.
F.
F.
F.

Oil
Oil
Oil
Oil

26
13
02
27

Aug 2011
Jan 2012
Mar 2012
Mar 2012

HSD
HSD
HSD
HSD
Diesel

Date of Commissioning
Planned
Actual
10 Aug 2010
4 Aug 2010
24 Nov 2010
31 Dec 2010
23 Dec 2011

Katakhali: SPSL
Chittagong: Mohra
Source: BPDB

5
---

50
300

F. Oil
F. Oil

April 2012
Nov 2012

Power Generation Units (Fuel Type Wise) (BPDB)


Derated Capacity of BPDB Power Plants as on June 2015
Fuel Type
Capacity(Unit)
Total(%)

Coal
200.00 MW
1.88 %
Gas
6587.00 MW
62.02 %
HFO
2308.00 MW
21.73 %
HSD
795.00 MW
7.49 %
Hydro
230.00 MW
2.17 %
Imported
500.00 MW
4.71 %
Installed Capacity of BPDB Power Plants as on June 2015
Total
10620.00 MW
100 %
Fuel
Type
Capacity(Unit)
Total(%)
Coal
Gas
HFO
HSD
Hydro
Imported
Total

250.00 MW
7056.00 MW
2365.00 MW
814.00 MW
230.00 MW
500.00 MW
11215.00 MW

2.23 %
62.92 %
21.09 %
7.26 %
2.05 %
4.46 %
100 %

Govt. Financial Support to Oil Imported for Other Country


Name
Diesel
Cerosin

Bye Rate
77-78 Tk.
77-78 Tk.

Sale Rate
68 Tk.
68 Tk.

Additional Amount
9-10 Tk.
9-10 Tk.

Temperature Oil Range


In the second phase of distillation was carried out basing the temperature on crude
oil ranges. The temperature ranges chosen were:
1. 140 200 0C (Kerosene Range)
2. 200 270 0C (Diesel Range)
3. >270 0C (Lubricating Oil)
4. 230 270 0C (Green Oil Range)