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Water Way Box Culvert Calculation Sheet

Thickness of cover soil(FH)


Horizontal alignment
Ground Condition
Structure Type

=
: Soil
1 Cell Culvert

= 3.50 m

( Inner Size : 1.5M 1.5M, Skew : 90)

1. Design Condition
2. Assumed Section
3. Analysis Model & Section Data
4. Buoyancy Check and Coefficient of Subgrade Reactio
5. Load Calculation
6. Load Loading
7. Load Factor & Load Combination
8. Input Data
9. Output Data
10. Section Force Arrangement
11. Section Check and Rebar Computed
12. Horizontal Rebar Check
13. Corner Check

Subgrade Reaction

1. Design Condition
INPUT:
1) Structure Type
- 1 Cell 1@ 1.5M 1.5M), Skew : 90 )
2) Underground Water Level
- GL to water Level

0.00

3) Material Unit Weight


- RCC Unit Wt.
- Water Unit Wt.

=
=

24.50 kN/m
10.00 kN/m

4) Strength of used material


- Concrete Strength

(fck)

30 MPa

- Concrete Modulus of Elasticity

(Ec)

28605 MPa

- Rebar(SD400)

(fy)

400 MPa

- Steel Bar Modulus of Elasticity

(Es)

200000 MPa

5) Soil Unit Weight used for Earth presssure Calculation


: Grain size mix is fine sand, gravel, hard rock and general sand
- General
=
20.0 kN/m
- Submerged
=
10.0 kN/m
6) Live Load (L-25 Apply)

250 kN

7) Soil Properties
- Wet Unit Wt. of Soil
- Submerged Unit Wt. of Soil
- Angle of internal Friction of Soil
- Coefficient of Earth Pressure at Rest

( Cushion :

=
19.0 kN/m
=
10.0 kN/m
=
30.0
= 1-sin
= 0.500

8) Other material Unit weight


Track (tra) =
Ballast (bal) =

3.000 KN/m
19.000 KN/m3

9) Design Method
- Ultimate State Design : Review of the Member Cross Section (Slab, Wall, Beam, Column)
- Allowable Stress Design : Serviceability Check (Deflection, Crack, End point Reinforcement etc
10) Software Used :

SAP2000

11) Reference Codes


- Railroad DesignGuidelines (Road-Bed Vol.)
- Railroad DesignGuidelines (Railway-Bridge Vol.)
- Concrete Structure Design Standard
- Road Bridge Design Standard
12) Box Culvert Dimension:
Thickness of top slab

400 mm

Thickness of bottom slab


Thickness of wall

=
=

400 mm
400 mm

eam, Column)
t Reinforcement etc.)

1.500

2. Assumed Section

400

1. 5m

400
400

1. 500
2. 300

400

2. 300

1. 500

200*200

3. Analysis Model & Section Data


1) Modeling

2) Section Data
NO

A (m)

0.400 1.000

= 0.400

I (m)

Member

0.00533

1~22

3) Nodal Point Coordinate


(Unit : m)
Node

Node

0.200

0.200

14

1.700

2.100

0.400

0.200

15

1.150

2.100

0.600

0.200

16

0.600

2.100

1.150

0.200

17

0.400

2.100

1.700

0.200

18

0.200

2.100

1.900

0.200

19

0.200

1.900

2.100

0.200

20

0.200

1.700

2.100

0.400

21

0.200

0.600

22

0.200

0.400

2.100

0.600

10

2.100

1.700

11

2.100

1.900

12

2.100

2.100

13

1.900

2.100

4. Buoyancy Check and Coefficient of Subgrade Reaction


4a. Buoyancy Check
: Factor of Safety for Buoyancy Fs = R/B
Under Construction
Fs =
1.1
After Completion of Construction
Fs =
1.2
Stability Calculation for buoyancy, Self Weight, Side friction and Surface load will only considered

1) Self
-

Weight
2.300
2.300
0.400
0.400
0.200

x
x
x
x
x

0.400
0.400
1.500
1.500
0.200

x
x
x
x
x

24.5
24.5
24.5
24.5
0.5 x

4 EA
24.5
Total

=
=
=
=
=
=

22.5400
22.5400
14.7000
14.7000
1.9600
76.440

kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m

2) Side Friction
Side friction of structure wall and surrounding backfilling shall be ignored by considering contac
uncertainty of both materials,
3) Buoyancy
-

=
=

1.500 - 0.400
25.300 kN/m

4) After Construction Safety Check


- S.F = (
76.440
) / 25.300
= 3.021 >
1.2

2.300

>

10.00

O.K

oad will only considered,

d by considering contact

10.00

O.K

4b. Coefficient of Subgrade Reaction


< Vertical Coefficient of Subgrade Reaction (Square Footing) >
Case I
- % of Sand higher than Cohesive Soil
Case II
- Equal % of Sandy and Cohesive Soil
Case III
- % of Cohesive Soil higher than Sand

= the method of calculation E0, the correction factor


Eo : Modulus of Elasticity of soil (kN/m)

N
Eo
Kvo

=
1 (Case of using N value in normal condition)
=
30
= 2800 x N = 84000 kN/m
= 1/0.3
x 84000
x
1
=
280000 kN/m

Total Width of bottom Slab (B) =


Length of the culvert (L) =
Bv =
Kv =

2.300 m
10.000 m
2.300 m
(If B>L, Bv=Sqrt(B x L); If B<L, Bv =
101124.12 kN/m
(Case I)
60771.94 kN/m
(Case II)
36521.74 kN/m
(Case III )

Our Soil Case = Case II


Hence,
For Unit Length =

Kv =
Hence, Kv(B x L) =

60771.94 kN/m
45173.81 kN/m

Distributing Kv(B xL) along three nodes on the base of the culvert, used in SAP Model
Coefficient of
Subgrade
Reaction
Kv1
Kv2
Kh

Formula
45173.81 x (
0.2
+
45173.81 x (
0.6
+
1E10 kN/m (Infinitely rigid)

0.6 )
0.6 )

=
=

36139.05
54208.57

kN/m
kN/m

kN/m

qrt(B x L); If B<L, Bv = Sqrt(B x B))

in SAP Model
Apply Node Point
kN/m
kN/m

1,7
4
1

5. Load Calculation
1) Live Load Application on Box Culvert
- Live Load Distribution as per width

2) Dead Load ( Unsubmerged Case, =1.000

All dimesion in mm unless otherwise specified.


2750
153
BALLAST
53

deg.

BALLAST
SOIL

TOP SLAB
Half Thickness

45 deg.
B=
B=

6682 mm
6.682 m

Ballast weight multiplication factor =


- Track weight =
3.000

-Ballast Weight =
0.588
x
-Soil weight =
1.50
x

1.3
6.682 kN/m3
19.00 kN/m3
19.00 kN/m2
Total Wd1
Total Wd1

=
=
=
=
=

0.449
14.52
28.50
43.47
43.47

3) Live Load
Impact Factor

- Span L =
1.90 m
d=
2.088 m
- Size of box culvert =
1.50 m
x
1.50 m
- Top Slab Thickness dt =
0.40 m
- Bottom Slab Thickness db =
0.40 m
- Wall Thickness dw =
0.40 m
From IRS Bridge Rule 2.4.2.1 For all gauges,
For fill less than 900mm,
i0 = [2-(d/0.9)] x 1/2 x CDA
where d in depth of fill in m
For single track spans:
CDA = 0.15+8/(6+L) should be less than or equal to 1.0
For fill = 900 mm
the coefficient of Dynamic Augment shall be half of that specified for equation of
CDA but subject to a maximum of 0.5.
For fill greater than 900 mm, the CDA shall be uniformly decreased to zero within the next 3 m
i = [{3.9-d}*min(0.5,0.5*(0.15+8/(6+L)))]/3
Hence,
CDA =
1.00
Hence Impact Factor,
I = 0.3020
Two Live Load Cases need to be checked as per IRS Bridge Rule for Loads.
Using Appendix -XXII of the IRS Bridge Rule for Loads, 25t Loading-2008 for
double headed 25t locomotive and double headed 22.5t locomotive.
Load Case 1:
Load Case 2:
P=
245.25 kN
P=
220.725 kN
s=
1.95 m
s=
1.65 m
a. Train Wheel Load at upper slab
a. Train Wheel Load at upper slab
2
WL1 = P/(B*s) =
WL1 = P/(B*s) = 20.020
18.822 kN/m
2
WL1 =
WL1 =
24.506 kN/m
with Impact
26.066 kN/m2
b. Surcharge Train Load at wall
b. Surcharge Train Load at wall
2
WL2 = Ko*WL1 =
WL2 = Ko*WL1 =
9.411 kN/m
10.010
Hence the governing load case for Train Live Load,
WL1 =
26.066 kN/m2
(with Impact)
WL2 =
10.010
(No Impact for Live Load Surcharge)
4a) Earth Pressure (Unsubmerged case)
This pressure is the lateral pressure on the wall of the culvert from track, ballast and soil.

The pressure on the top of the wall is: (Use K o = coeffiecient of pressure at rest.)
Ko =
0.5
-Wh1 =
23.636 kN/m
(Note: Centerline of top slab is assumed to be the base point.)
Soil pressure at different height along the culvert wall.

Total height of culvert taken from centerline of top of slab to centerline of bottom slab.
Htotal =
1.9 m
Ht. (m)
Notation
Pressure
0.2 - Wh1 =
25.536 kN/m
0.45 - Wh2 =
27.911 kN/m
0.75 - Wh3 =
30.761 kN/m
1.55 - Wh4 =
38.361 kN/m
1.85 - Wh5 =
41.211 kN/m
2.1 - Wh6 =
43.586 kN/m
4b) Earth Pressure (Submerged case)
This pressure is the lateral pressure on the wall of the culvert from track, ballast and soil.
The pressure on the top of the wall is: (Use K o = coeffiecient of pressure at rest.)
Ko =

0.5

-Wh1 =
23.636 kN/m
- Submerged Unit Wt. of Soil
-Sub=
10.000 kN/m
(Note: Centerline of top slab is assumed to be the base point.)
Soil pressure at different height along the culvert wall.
Total height of culvert taken from centerline of top of slab to centerline of bottom slab.
Htotal =
1.9 m
Ht. (m)
Notation
Pressure
0.2 - Ww1 =
24.636 kN/m
0.45 - Ww2 =
25.886 kN/m
0.75 - Ww3 =
27.386 kN/m
1.55 - Ww4 =
31.386 kN/m
1.85 - Ww5 =
32.886 kN/m
2.1 - Ww6 =
34.136 kN/m
5) Shrinkage
- -15C Temperature Variation.
- Shrinkage Coefficient
- Thermal Expansion Coefficient
-

= -15C

6) Long Rail Longitudinal Load


H 1.0 m Not considered.

235
353
2088
1500

200

kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m

fied for equation of


within the next 3 m.

ing-2008 for

at upper slab
kN/m2
with Impact
oad at wall
kN/m2

allast and soil.

bottom slab.

allast and soil.

bottom slab.

6. Load Loading
1) CASE1 - Dead Load(Unsubmerged case) - Program Automatic Calculation

2) CASE2 - Vertical Earth Pressure (unsubmerged case)

3) CASE3 - Live Load- Full Loading

4) CASE4 - Live Load- Unilateral Loading

5) CASE5 - Horizontal Earth Pressure due to Live Load

6) CASE6 - Horizontal Earth Pressure due to Unilateral Live Load

7) CASE7 - Earth Pressure (Both side, unsubmerged case)

8) CASE4 - Horizontal Earth Pressure (One side, Unsubmerged case)

5. Loading
Dead Load
WD

43.473

kN/

Live Load(Full)
WL

Live Load(Half)
=

26.066

WL

kN/

26.066

kN/

= 10.01 kN/

= 10.01 kN/
WLH

horizontal earth pressure due to LL one side)

WLH

horizontal earth pressure due to LL(both side)

horizontal earth pressure (above groundwater)

Submerged Condition

q= =

25.536

q5

43.586

Ww

43.7

q= =

24.636

kN/

q5

34.136

kN/

kN/m

kN/

due to LL one side)

25.536

kN/

43.586

kN/

7. Load Factor & Load Combination


1) Ultimate Load

Classificatio
n

Hor.
Earth
Uplift
Water Shrinka
Pressur Pressur
Pressur
ge
e
e
e

DL

LL

Submerged Unsubmerged
1
2

Full
3

Hor.
Load

1.400

2.000

1.700

1.700

1.700

1.700

1.700

1.700

1.400

1.400

1.700

1.700

1.400

1.400

2.000

1.700

1.700

1.400

1.400

1.700

1.700

1.700

1.700

1.700

1.700

1.400

1.400

1.700

1.700

1.400

1.400

1.400

2.000

0.600

0.600

1.700

1.700

0.600

0.600

1.400

1.400

0.600

0.600

10

1.400

2.000

0.600

0.600

1.400

1.400

11

1.700

1.700

0.600

0.600

1.700

1.700

12

1.400

1.400

0.600

0.600

1.400

1.400

DL

LL

Hor.
Load

Submerged Unsubmerged
1
2

Full
3

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.400

1.400

1.400

2) Service Load

Classificatio
n

1.000

1.000

Hor.
Earth
Uplift
Water Shrinka
Pressur Pressur
Pressur
ge
e
e
e
6

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

0.500

0.500

1.000

1.000

8
1.000

1.000

0.500

0.500

1.000

1.000

0.500

0.500

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

0.500

0.500

1.000

1.000

1.000
1.000
1.000

11. OUTPUT DATA


1) Ultimate Load combination

2) Service Load combination

FRAME ELEMENT FORCES

FRAME ELEMENT FORCES

Frame Station OutputCase


P
V2
M3
Text
m
Text
KN
KN
KN-m
1
0 ULEnvelop
-0.385 96.777 62.869
1
0.2 ULEnvelop
-0.385 99.577 43.896
1
0 ULEnvelop -90.418
6.86 9.1635
1
0.2 ULEnvelop -90.418
8.46 7.6314
2
0 ULEnvelop
-0.385 99.577 43.896
2
0.3 ULEnvelop
-0.385 103.78 29.352
2
0 ULEnvelop -90.418
8.46 7.6314
2
0.3 ULEnvelop -90.418 10.86 -10.697
3
0 ULEnvelop
-0.385 103.78 29.352
3
0.35 ULEnvelop
-0.385 108.68 15.761
3
0.7 ULEnvelop
-0.385 113.58 5.4175
3
0 ULEnvelop -90.418 10.86 -10.697
3
0.35 ULEnvelop -90.418 13.66 -39.169
3
0.7 ULEnvelop -90.418 16.46 -70.848
4
0 ULEnvelop
-0.385 9.314 5.4175
4
0.35 ULEnvelop
-0.385 12.114 10.919
4
0.7 ULEnvelop
-0.385 14.914 15.448
4
0 ULEnvelop -90.418 -89.376 -70.848
4
0.35 ULEnvelop -90.418 -84.476 -43.72
4
0.7 ULEnvelop -90.418 -79.576 -21.544
5
0 ULEnvelop
-0.385 14.914 15.448
5
0.3 ULEnvelop
-0.385 17.314 23.37
5
0 ULEnvelop -90.418 -79.576 -21.544
5
0.3 ULEnvelop -90.418 -75.376 -12.125
6
0 ULEnvelop
-0.385 17.314 23.37
6
0.2 ULEnvelop
-0.385 18.914 38.055
6
0 ULEnvelop -90.418 -75.376 -12.125
6
0.2 ULEnvelop -90.418 -72.576 -15.748
7
0 ULEnvelop
-28.8 -0.385 15.748
7
0.1 ULEnvelop
-28 0.705 17.344
7
0.2 ULEnvelop
-27.2 1.795 18.632
7
0 ULEnvelop -209.65 -90.418 -38.055
7
0.1 ULEnvelop -208.25 -81.908 -30.14
7
0.2 ULEnvelop -206.85 -73.559 -23.068
8
0 ULEnvelop
-27.2 1.795 18.632
8
0.15 ULEnvelop
-26
3.43 19.984
8
0.3 ULEnvelop
-24.8 5.065 20.641
8
0 ULEnvelop -206.85 -73.559 -23.068
8
0.15 ULEnvelop -204.75 -61.339 -19.81
8
0.3 ULEnvelop -202.65 -49.482 -17.804
9
0 ULEnvelop
-24.8 5.065 20.641
9
0.7 ULEnvelop
-19.2 24.651 30.152
9
1.4 ULEnvelop
-13.6 53.37 12.634
9
0 ULEnvelop -202.65 -49.482 -17.804
9
0.7 ULEnvelop -192.85 -0.258 -21.868
9
1.4 ULEnvelop
-183 12.874 -35.425
10
0 ULEnvelop
-13.6 53.37 12.634
10
0.15 ULEnvelop
-12.4 61.957 4.9961
10
0.3 ULEnvelop
-11.2 70.18 -2.5503
10
0 ULEnvelop
-183 12.874 -35.425
10
0.15 ULEnvelop -180.95 14.509 -42.645
10
0.3 ULEnvelop -178.85 16.144 -50.56
11
0 ULEnvelop
-11.2 70.18 -2.5503

Frame Station OutputCase


Text
m
Text
1
0 SLEnvelop
1
0.2 SLEnvelop
1
0 SLEnvelop
1
0.2 SLEnvelop
2
0 SLEnvelop
2
0.3 SLEnvelop
2
0 SLEnvelop
2
0.3 SLEnvelop
3
0 SLEnvelop
3
0.35 SLEnvelop
3
0.7 SLEnvelop
3
0 SLEnvelop
3
0.35 SLEnvelop
3
0.7 SLEnvelop
4
0 SLEnvelop
4
0.35 SLEnvelop
4
0.7 SLEnvelop
4
0 SLEnvelop
4
0.35 SLEnvelop
4
0.7 SLEnvelop
5
0 SLEnvelop
5
0.3 SLEnvelop
5
0 SLEnvelop
5
0.3 SLEnvelop
6
0 SLEnvelop
6
0.2 SLEnvelop
6
0 SLEnvelop
6
0.2 SLEnvelop
7
0 SLEnvelop
7
0.1 SLEnvelop
7
0.2 SLEnvelop
7
0 SLEnvelop
7
0.1 SLEnvelop
7
0.2 SLEnvelop
8
0 SLEnvelop
8
0.15 SLEnvelop
8
0.3 SLEnvelop
8
0 SLEnvelop
8
0.15 SLEnvelop
8
0.3 SLEnvelop
9
0 SLEnvelop
9
0.7 SLEnvelop
9
1.4 SLEnvelop
9
0 SLEnvelop
9
0.7 SLEnvelop
9
1.4 SLEnvelop
10
0 SLEnvelop
10
0.15 SLEnvelop
10
0.3 SLEnvelop
10
0 SLEnvelop
10
0.15 SLEnvelop
10
0.3 SLEnvelop
11
0 SLEnvelop

11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
18
18
19
19
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
21
21
21
21
22
22
22
22

0.1 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.1 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.35 ULEnvelop
0.7 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.35 ULEnvelop
0.7 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.35 ULEnvelop
0.7 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.35 ULEnvelop
0.7 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.1 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.1 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.7 ULEnvelop
1.4 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.7 ULEnvelop
1.4 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.1 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop

-10.4 75.46 -4.843


-9.6 80.579 -7.3191
-178.85 16.144 -50.56
-177.45 17.234 -56.223
-176 18.324 -62.194
-18.324
-9.6 -7.3191
-18.324
-8 -5.4833
-80.579
-176 -62.194
-80.579 -148.93 -29.91
-18.324
-8 -5.4833
-18.324
-5.6 24.071
-80.579 -148.93 -29.91
-80.579 -108.25 -19.871
-18.324
-5.6 24.071
-18.324
-2.8 48.986
-18.324 2E-013 58.866
-80.579 -108.25 -19.871
-80.579 -60.797 -13.147
-80.579 -15.009 -11.874
-18.324
-013 58.866
-18.054 47.456 52.209
-17.564 94.913 28.943
-80.579 -15.009 -11.874
-80.579 -12.209 -12.364
-80.579 -9.409 -13.834
-17.564 94.913 28.943
-17.144 135.59 3.6553
-80.579 -9.409 -13.834
-80.579 -7.009 -20.87
-17.144 135.59 3.6553
-16.864 162.71 4.8466
-80.579 -7.009 -20.87
-80.579 -5.409 -50.649
5.409 80.579 50.649
4.609 75.46 42.891
3.809 70.18 35.653
-162.71 16.864 -4.8466
-164.11 15.057 -9.917
-165.51 13.194 -14.467
3.809 70.18 35.653
2.609 61.957 30.269
1.409 53.37 26.684
-165.51 13.194 -14.467
-167.61 10.291 -20.283
-169.71 7.261 -24.838
1.409 53.37 26.684
-4.191 9.061 17.117
-9.791 -10.84 23.232
-169.71 7.261 -24.838
-179.51 -18.719 -30.139
-189.31 -69.812 -14.253
-9.791 -10.84 23.232
-10.991 -15.025 32.215
-12.191 -19.338 44.108
-189.31 -69.812 -14.253
-191.41 -81.669 -6.0468
-193.51 -93.889 3.3498
-12.191 -19.338 44.108
-12.991 -22.285 53.067
-13.791 -25.288 62.869
-193.51 -93.889 3.3498

11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
18
18
19
19
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
21
21
21
21
22
22
22
22

0.1 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.1 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.35 SLEnvelop
0.7 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.35 SLEnvelop
0.7 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.35 SLEnvelop
0.7 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.35 SLEnvelop
0.7 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.1 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.1 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.7 SLEnvelop
1.4 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.7 SLEnvelop
1.4 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.1 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop

22
22

0.1 ULEnvelop
0.2 ULEnvelop

-194.91 -102.24 6.1079


-196.31 -110.75 9.1635

22
22

0.1 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop

NT FORCES
P
KN
-1.633
-1.633
-53.19
-53.19
-1.633
-1.633
-53.19
-53.19
-1.633
-1.633
-1.633
-53.19
-53.19
-53.19
-1.633
-1.633
-1.633
-53.19
-53.19
-53.19
-1.633
-1.633
-53.19
-53.19
-1.633
-1.633
-53.19
-53.19
-36
-35
-34
-118
-117
-116
-34
-32.5
-31
-116
-114.5
-113
-31
-24
-17
-113
-106
-98.99
-17
-15.5
-14
-98.99
-97.49
-95.99
-14

V2
M3
KN
KN-m
54.259 37.761
56.259 26.71
8.421 8.9423
10.421 7.058
56.259 26.71
59.259 16.681
10.421 7.058
13.421 -3.8172
59.259 16.681
62.759 5.8572
66.259 -3.7043
13.421 -3.8172
16.921 -19.657
20.421 -37.965
-4.956 -3.7043
-1.456 2.9339
2.044 8.3517
-50.81 -37.965
-47.31 -23.868
-43.81 -12.471
2.044 8.3517
5.044 13.747
-43.81 -12.471
-40.81 -6.2352
5.044 13.747
7.044 21.71
-40.81 -6.2352
-38.81 -7.4439
-1.633 7.4439
-0.725 8.4016
0.184 9.1776
-53.19 -21.71
-48.18 -16.981
-43.27 -12.748
0.184 9.1776
1.546 10.001
2.908 10.416
-43.27 -12.748
-36.08 -9.9459
-29.11 -7.9544
2.908 10.416
14.701 16.141
31.595 6.1129
-29.11 -7.9544
0.098 -9.8482
11.042 -19.603
31.595 6.1129
36.646 1.6796
41.483 -2.8806
11.042 -19.603
12.404 -23.92
13.767 -28.646
41.483 -2.8806

-13
-12
-95.99
-94.99
-93.99
-15.58
-15.58
-47.6
-47.4
-15.58
-15.58
-47.4
-47.1
-15.58
-15.58
-15.58
-47.1
-46.75
-46.4
-15.58
-15.23
-14.88
-46.4
-46.4
-46.4
-14.88
-14.58
-46.4
-46.4
-14.58
-14.38
-46.4
-46.4
-2.961
-3.961
-4.961
-84.95
-85.95
-86.95
-4.961
-6.461
-7.961
-86.95
-88.45
-89.95
-7.961
-14.96
-21.96
-89.95
-96.95
-104
-21.96
-23.46
-24.96
-104
-105.5
-107
-24.96
-25.96
-26.96
-107

44.589 -4.7661
47.6 -6.8045
13.767 -28.646
14.675 -32.023
15.583 -35.583
-12 -6.8045
-10 -4.6045
-93.99 -35.583
-79.83
-18.2
-10 -4.6045
-7 10.951
-79.83
-18.2
-58.6 -10.44
-7 10.951
-3.5 23.959
013 29.613
-58.6 -10.44
-33.82 -5.4391
-9.039 -4.2932
013 29.613
24.778 27.067
49.556 15.849
-9.039 -4.2932
-5.539 -4.9057
-2.039 -6.7432
49.556 15.849
70.795 2.3762
-2.039 -6.7432
0.961 -11.791
70.795 2.3762
84.954 1.9841
0.961 -11.791
2.961 -27.366
46.404 27.366
43.393 22.875
40.287 18.69
14.379 -1.9841
12.874 -4.9056
11.321 -7.5214
40.287 18.69
35.45 15.037
30.399 12.368
11.321 -7.5214
8.902 -10.851
6.377 -13.438
30.399 12.368
4.334 5.8993
-11.54 13.331
6.377 -13.438
-11.36 -16.131
-41.41 -6.5082
-11.54 13.331
-15.03 19.052
-18.62 26.339
-41.41 -6.5082
-48.39 -1.6217
-55.57 4.0475
-18.62 26.339
-21.08 31.802
-23.58 37.761
-55.57 4.0475

-108 -60.49 6.371


-109 -65.49 8.9423

8. Input Data
TABLE: Frame Loads - Distributed
Frame
LoadPat
CoordSys
Type
Text
Text
Text
Text
7
HEP- LL
GLOBAL
Force
7
HEP-both side
GLOBAL
Force
8
HEP- LL
GLOBAL
Force
8
HEP-both side
GLOBAL
Force
9
HEP- LL
GLOBAL
Force
9
HEP-both side
GLOBAL
Force
10
HEP- LL
GLOBAL
Force
10
HEP-both side
GLOBAL
Force
11
HEP- LL
GLOBAL
Force
11
HEP-both side
GLOBAL
Force
12
Live load full
GLOBAL
Force
12
Ver. Earth pressure
GLOBAL
Force
12
Log. Rail Load
GLOBAL
Force
13
Live load full
GLOBAL
Force
13
Ver. Earth pressure
GLOBAL
Force
13
Log. Rail Load
GLOBAL
Force
14
Live load full
GLOBAL
Force
14
Ver. Earth pressure
GLOBAL
Force
14
Log. Rail Load
GLOBAL
Force
15
Live load full
GLOBAL
Force
15
Live load Unilateral
GLOBAL
Force
15
Ver. Earth pressure
GLOBAL
Force
15
Log. Rail Load
GLOBAL
Force
16
Live load full
GLOBAL
Force
16
Live load Unilateral
GLOBAL
Force
16
Ver. Earth pressure
GLOBAL
Force
16
Log. Rail Load
GLOBAL
Force
17
Live load full
GLOBAL
Force
17
Live load Unilateral
GLOBAL
Force
17
Ver. Earth pressure
GLOBAL
Force
17
Log. Rail Load
GLOBAL
Force
18
HEP- LL
GLOBAL
Force
18
HEP- Uni LL
GLOBAL
Force
18
HEP-both side
GLOBAL
Force
18
HEP Unilateral
GLOBAL
Force
19
HEP- LL
GLOBAL
Force
19
HEP- Uni LL
GLOBAL
Force
19
HEP-both side
GLOBAL
Force
19
HEP Unilateral
GLOBAL
Force
20
HEP- LL
GLOBAL
Force
20
HEP- Uni LL
GLOBAL
Force
20
HEP-both side
GLOBAL
Force
20
HEP Unilateral
GLOBAL
Force

Dir
Text
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Gravity
Gravity
X
Gravity
Gravity
X
Gravity
Gravity
X
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
X
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
X
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

DistType AbsDistB
Text
m
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1
RelDist
1

21
21
21
21
22
22
22
22

HEP- LL
HEP- Uni LL
HEP-both side
HEP Unilateral
HEP- LL
HEP- Uni LL
HEP-both side
HEP Unilateral

GLOBAL
GLOBAL
GLOBAL
GLOBAL
GLOBAL
GLOBAL
GLOBAL
GLOBAL

Force
Force
Force
Force
Force
Force
Force
Force

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

RelDist
RelDist
RelDist
RelDist
RelDist
RelDist
RelDist
RelDist

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

FOverLA
KN/m
-10.00992
-43.58628
-10.00992
-41.21128
-10.00992
-38.36128
-10.00992
-30.76128
-10.00992
-27.91128
26.06583
43.47
0
26.07
43.47
0.00
26.06583
43.47
0.00
26.06583
26.06583
43.47
0
26.06583
26.07
43.47
0
26.06583
26.06583
43.47
0
10.00992
10.00992
25.53628
25.53628
10.00992
10.00992
27.91128
27.91128
10.00992
10.00992
30.76128
30.76128

FOverLB
KN/m
-10.00992
-41.21128
-10.00992
-38.36128
-10.00992
-30.76128
-10.00992
-27.91128
-10.00992
-25.53628
26.06583
43.47
0
26.07
43.47
0.00
26.06583
43.47
0.00
26.06583
26.06583
43.47
0
26.06583
26.07
43.47257
0
26.06583
26.06583
43.47257
0
10.00992
10.00992
27.91128
27.91128
10.00992
10.00992
30.76128
30.76128
10.00992
10.00992
38.36128
38.36128

10.00992
10.00992
38.36128
38.36128
10.00992
10.00992
41.21128
41.21128

10.00992
10.00992
41.21128
41.21128
10.00992
10.00992
43.58628
43.58628

9. Output Data
TABLE: Program Control
ProgramNameVersion CurrUnits SteelCode ConcCode AlumCode ColdCode
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
SAP2000 14.0.0
KN, m, C
AISC-LRFD93 ACI 318-05/AA-ASD 200AISI-ASD96

TABLE: Element Forces - Frames


Frame
Station OutputCase CaseType
Text
m
Text
Text
1
0 ULEnvelop Combination
1
0.25 ULEnvelop Combination
1
0 ULEnvelop Combination
1
0.25 ULEnvelop Combination
1
0 SLEnvelop Combination
1
0.25 SLEnvelop Combination
1
0 SLEnvelop Combination
1
0.25 SLEnvelop Combination
2
0 ULEnvelop Combination
2
0.3 ULEnvelop Combination
2
0 ULEnvelop Combination
2
0.3 ULEnvelop Combination
2
0 SLEnvelop Combination
2
0.3 SLEnvelop Combination
2
0 SLEnvelop Combination
2
0.3 SLEnvelop Combination
3
0 ULEnvelop Combination
3
0.4 ULEnvelop Combination
3
0 ULEnvelop Combination
3
0.4 ULEnvelop Combination
3
0 SLEnvelop Combination
3
0.4 SLEnvelop Combination
3
0 SLEnvelop Combination
3
0.4 SLEnvelop Combination
4
0 ULEnvelop Combination
4
0.4 ULEnvelop Combination
4
0 ULEnvelop Combination
4
0.4 ULEnvelop Combination
4
0 SLEnvelop Combination
4
0.4 SLEnvelop Combination
4
0 SLEnvelop Combination
4
0.4 SLEnvelop Combination
5
0 ULEnvelop Combination
5
0.3 ULEnvelop Combination
5
0 ULEnvelop Combination
5
0.3 ULEnvelop Combination
5
0 SLEnvelop Combination

StepType
Text
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max

P
KN
49.611
49.611
-98.645
-98.645
29.632
29.632
-56.445
-56.445
49.611
49.611
-98.645
-98.645
29.632
29.632
-56.445
-56.445
49.611
49.611
-98.645
-98.645
29.632
29.632
-56.445
-56.445
49.611
49.611
-98.645
-98.645
29.632
29.632
-56.445
-56.445
49.611
49.611
-98.645
-98.645
29.632

V2
KN
119.139
123.389
37.231
39.231
75.805
78.305
43.608
46.108
123.389
128.489
39.231
41.631
78.305
81.305
46.108
49.108
128.489
135.289
41.631
44.831
81.305
85.305
49.108
53.108
15.298
18.498
-81.872
-75.072
-17.12
-13.12
-53.883
-49.883
18.498
20.898
-75.072
-69.972
-13.12

5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10

0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.125 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.125 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.125 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.125 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.4 ULEnvelop
0.8 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.4 ULEnvelop
0.8 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.4 SLEnvelop
0.8 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.4 SLEnvelop
0.8 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop

Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination

Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max

29.632
-56.445
-56.445
49.611
49.611
-98.645
-98.645
29.632
29.632
-56.445
-56.445
-90.008
-89.008
-88.008
-206.775
-204.65
-202.525
-109.765
-108.515
-107.265
-135.262
-134.012
-132.762
-88.008
-86.808
-85.608
-202.525
-199.975
-197.425
-107.265
-105.765
-104.265
-132.762
-131.262
-129.762
-85.608
-82.408
-79.208
-197.425
-190.625
-183.825
-104.265
-100.265
-96.265
-129.762
-125.762
-121.762
-79.208

-10.12
-49.883
-46.883
20.898
22.898
-69.972
-65.722
-10.12
-7.62
-46.883
-44.383
49.611
49.611
49.611
-98.645
-84.159
-69.926
29.632
29.632
29.632
-56.445
-47.924
-39.552
49.611
49.611
49.611
-69.926
-53.179
-36.795
29.632
29.632
29.632
-39.552
-29.701
-20.063
49.611
49.611
49.611
-36.795
3.74
17.517
29.632
29.632
29.632
-20.063
3.966
15.49
49.611

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
15

0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.125 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.125 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.125 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.125 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.4 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.4 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.4 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.4 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop

Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination

Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max

-78.008
-76.808
-183.825
-181.275
-178.725
-96.265
-94.765
-93.265
-121.762
-120.262
-118.762
-76.808
-75.808
-74.808
-178.725
-176.944
-175.194
-93.265
-92.015
-90.765
-118.762
-117.512
-116.262
-18.553
-18.553
-96.315
-96.315
-16.353
-16.353
-57.059
-57.059
-18.553
-18.553
-96.315
-96.315
-16.353
-16.353
-57.059
-57.059
-18.553
-18.553
-96.315
-96.315
-16.353
-16.353
-57.059
-57.059
-18.553

60.538
74.257
17.517
18.553
18.553
29.632
36.013
44.084
15.49
16.353
16.353
74.257
85.413
96.315
18.553
18.553
18.553
44.084
50.646
57.059
16.353
16.353
16.353
-74.808
-56.548
-175.194
-136.977
-90.765
-67.94
-116.262
-90.306
-56.548
-34.636
-136.977
-91.118
-67.94
-40.55
-90.306
-59.296
-34.636
0.002796
-91.118
-39.594
-40.55
0.001645
-59.296
-22.776
0.002796

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
20

0.4 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.4 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.4 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.4 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.125 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.125 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.125 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.125 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop

Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination

Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max

-18.553
-96.315
-96.315
-16.353
-16.353
-57.059
-57.059
-18.553
-18.553
-96.315
-96.315
-16.353
-16.353
-57.059
-57.059
-18.553
-18.553
-96.315
-96.315
-16.353
-16.353
-57.059
-57.059
-48.2
-49.2
-50.2
-145.225
-146.975
-148.756
-75.856
-77.106
-78.356
-98.633
-99.883
-101.133
-50.2
-51.4
-52.6
-148.756
-151.306
-153.856
-78.356
-79.856
-81.356
-101.133
-102.633
-104.133
-52.6

61.149
-39.594
-1.615
0.001645
41.531
-22.776
18.753
61.149
107.009
-1.615
25.556
41.531
72.678
18.753
49.9
107.009
145.225
25.556
48.2
72.678
98.633
49.9
75.856
96.315
85.413
74.26
18.553
14.705
10.768
57.059
50.646
44.085
16.353
13.147
9.866
74.26
60.542
46.459
10.768
5.925
-2.094
44.085
36.016
27.732
9.866
5.831
0.303
46.459

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
21
21
21

0.4 ULEnvelop
0.8 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.4 ULEnvelop
0.8 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.4 SLEnvelop
0.8 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.4 SLEnvelop
0.8 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.15 ULEnvelop
0.3 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.125 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 ULEnvelop
0.125 ULEnvelop
0.25 ULEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.125 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.125 SLEnvelop
0.25 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.7 SLEnvelop
1.4 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.7 SLEnvelop
1.4 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop
0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.15 SLEnvelop

Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination

Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min

-55.8
-59
-153.856
-160.656
-167.456
-81.356
-85.356
-89.356
-104.133
-108.133
-112.133
-59
-60.2
-61.4
-167.456
-170.006
-172.556
-89.356
-90.856
-92.356
-112.133
-113.633
-115.133
-61.4
-62.4
-63.4
-172.556
-174.681
-176.806
-92.356
-93.606
-94.856
-115.133
-116.383
-117.633
-125.268
-126.768
-91.749
-98.749
-105.749
-126.768
-133.768
-140.768
-105.749
-107.249
-108.749
-140.768
-142.268

7.13
-9.046
-2.094
-41.425
-83.34
27.732
4.597
-8.359
0.303
-22.833
-47.489
-9.046
-14.828
-20.739
-83.34
-99.725
-116.472
-8.359
-13.177
-18.103
-47.489
-57.127
-66.978
-20.739
-25.762
-30.875
-116.472
-130.705
-145.191
-18.103
-22.289
-26.549
-66.978
-75.351
-83.872
6.83
4.305
32.108
6.044
-9.833
4.305
-18.903
-48.957
-9.833
-13.32
-16.914
-48.957
-55.932

21
22
22
22
22
22
22

0.3 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.1 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop
0 SLEnvelop
0.1 SLEnvelop
0.2 SLEnvelop

Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination
Combination

Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
Min
Min

-143.768
-108.749
-109.749
-110.749
-143.768
-144.768
-145.768

-63.12
-16.914
-19.37
-21.873
-63.12
-68.031
-73.037

M3
KN-m
77.8814
47.942
14.3258
3.8227
46.997
27.7331
14.8347
3.4727
47.942
19.0872
3.8227
-17.5871
27.7331
3.7915
3.4727
-10.9867
19.0872
-14.1895
-17.5871
-51.0431
3.7915
-25.8152
-10.9867
-33.5236
-14.1895
1.8747
-51.0431
-36.5824
-25.8152
-6.4889
-33.5236
-23.4826
1.8747
14.4845
-36.5824
-33.78
-6.4889

8.0261
-23.4826
-19.9966
14.4845
31.0252
-33.78
-38.6487
8.0261
19.4345
-19.9966
-17.779
38.6487
32.678
26.7072
-31.0252
-19.8101
-14.3802
17.779
14.075
10.3709
-19.4345
-12.9129
-9.261
26.7072
19.5423
13.6405
-14.3802
-11.6621
-10.2668
10.3709
5.9261
2.2243
-9.261
-6.9157
-5.6728
13.6405
18.8281
8.8275
-10.2668
-17.4923
-34.3808
2.2243
4.5169
-1.9982
-5.6728
-11.4805
-22.2245
8.8275

1.099
-8.7147
-34.3808
-41.7829
-49.1849
-1.9982
-6.7816
-12.7915
-22.2245
-26.6693
-31.1142
-8.7147
-15.3543
-19.2752
-49.1849
-55.3533
-61.5217
-12.7915
-17.3719
-20.7509
-31.1142
-34.8182
-38.5222
-19.2752
1.8291
-61.5217
-27.6516
-20.7509
0.3985
-38.5222
-13.9976
1.8291
26.9947
-27.6516
-4.1765
0.3985
17.529
-13.9976
7.8997
26.9947
41.7554
-4.1765
9.6311
17.529
27.9443
7.8997
20.0945
41.7554

37.6129
9.6311
4.0646
27.9443
25.1186
20.0945
13.0954
37.6129
24.144
4.0646
-10.8807
25.1186
14.8205
13.0954
-4.0359
24.144
11.8855
-10.8807
-39.5117
14.8205
-0.899
-4.0359
-25.4498
39.5117
28.1511
21.4181
-11.8855
-17.1775
-21.0909
25.4498
18.7168
14.2715
0.899
-2.4058
-4.8996
21.4181
17.3639
14.0455
-21.0909
-23.9228
-24.6694
14.2715
11.016
8.3737
-4.8996
-6.7956
-7.465
14.0455

10.2444
16.8112
-24.6694
-19.4261
-12.581
8.3737
5.4404
11.2366
-7.465
-4.9945
-1.4746
16.8112
29.6168
45.5899
-12.581
-5.8394
3.3868
11.2366
18.8478
28.1531
-1.4746
2.2539
7.4439
45.5899
60.8382
77.8814
3.3868
10.5365
14.3258
28.1531
37.0471
46.997
7.4439
11.783
14.8347
-3.8118
-5.2675
19.5232
11.8579
22.1275
-5.2675
-2.6778
7.6911
22.1275
29.9915
38.9178
7.6911
11.8131

16.718
38.9178
45.4746
52.5272
16.718
18.5318
20.5935

10. Section Force Arrangement


1) Ultimate Load Check :Maximum Bending moment Diagram (B.M.D - Unit : kN.m)

2) Ultimate Load Check : Maximum Shear Force Diagram (S.F.D) - Unit : kN

3) Ultimate Load Check : Maximum Axial Force Diagram(A.F.D) - Unit : kN

4) Service Load Check :Maximum Bending moment Diagram(B.M.D - Unit : kN.m)

5) Section Force Arrangement


Ultimate Loads
Classification

Upper Slab

Lower Slab

Left Wall

Right Wall

Service Load
Moment

kN.m

kN

kN

kN.m

Left Corner

31.26

120.65

70.64

19.11

1000.00 466.67

Location

mm

mm

Centre

34.95

70.64

21.45

1000.00 400.00

Right Corner

44.49

139.43

70.64

27.26

1000.00 466.67

Left Corner

59.18

91.22

74.44

35.50

1000.00 466.67

Centre

45.40

97.88

74.44

28.48

1000.00 400.00

Right Corner

27.57

74.44

15.83

1000.00 466.67

Top

31.26

70.64

123.45

19.11

1000.00 466.67

Middle

24.67

144.97

14.17

1000.00 400.00

Bottom

59.18

109.24 148.37

35.50

1000.00 466.67

Top

44.49

70.64

142.24

27.26

1000.00 466.67

Middle

30.23

163.43

4.20

1000.00 400.00

Bottom

25.75

74.44

167.15

15.83

1000.00 466.67

Remark
s

TITLE : Upper Slab : Left Corner


Section Specification and Design Assumption
fck =

fy =

27 MPa

Resistance Factors:
For Flexure (f) =

0.85

For Shear (v) =

0.75

400 MPa

Assume diameter of rebar used =


B (mm)

H (mm)

d (mm)

1000

467.00

377.00

20 mm
Cover
(mm)
80

Mu (kN.m)

Vu (kN)

57.243

106.160

Check For Bending:


Moment Equation, Mu = f* As* fy* (d- a/2)
a = As*fy/(k1*fck*b)
Use As =
a=
Mcal. =

500 mm2
8.715 mm
63.3 kN.m

Area of Steel OK
Actual Area of Steel Provided:
Used Rebar Diameter =

16 mm

Area of Rebar =
Used Rebar Spacing =
As =
Actual d =
Actual a =
Actual Moment Mcal. =

201.1 mm2
150 mm

1340.6667 mm2
379 mm
23.4 mm
167.4 kN.m

Design Good for Bending

Reinforcement Ratio Check:


min = max(1.4/fy, 0.25sqrt(fck)/fy)

(ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

min =
max

0.0035
= 0.75*k1*f*(fck/fy)*(600/(600+fy))

max =

0.0219

use =

0.0035374
GOOD for Minimum Ratio, OK
GOOD for Maximum Ratio, OK

ACI 318M-11 Sec. 10.6.4 The spacing of reinforcement closest to the tension face, s, shall not

but not greater than 300(280/fs), where cc is the least distance from surface of reinforce

tension face. If there is only one bar or wire nearest to the extreme tension face, s used
is the width of the extreme tension face. Calculated stress f s in reinforcement closest to
service load shall be computed based on the unfactored moment. It shall be permitted
fs =
s=
Provided Spacing, Sprovided =
Using

266.7 MPa
199 mm

150 mm
16 mm dia.

150 mm max. center to center spacin

Check For Shear: Using ACI 318M-11

Concrete Shear, Vc =

334.79 kN

( = 1.0 for normal weight concrete, d = Actual d

Concrete Shear, vVc =

251.09 kN
No Shear Reinf. Req. DISCARD SHEAR CALC. BELOW, Check for Min. Requirement
vVs Required =
-144.93 kN
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar
No. of Leg
Spacing Required
Used Spacing, s
smax
smax

12 mm

=
113.1 mm2
=
2
=
-236.61 mm
=
200 mm
= Min(d/2, 600mm)
=
189.5 mm

Max. stirrup spac. allowed

NOT GOOD stirrup spacing greater than allowable


Actual Vs =
171.46 kN
Vs max. = 2/3 *sqrt(fck)*b*d
(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.7.9)
Vs max. =
1312.89 kN
OK, Actual Vs less than Vs max allowed
Hence, vVn =
379.7 kN
NOT GOOD Revise Stirrup Size or spacing
Avmin = 0.35*b*s/fy
(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.6.3)
Avmin =
175 mm2
Av provided =

226.2 mm2
GOOD, Stirrups OK for Minimum Requirement

ACI 318M-11 Section 11.4.6 Minimum shear reinforcement


11.4.6.1 A minimum area of shear reinforcement,Av,min, shall be provided in all
reinforced concrete flexural members (prestressed and nonprestressed)
where Vu exceeds 0.5Vc,

0.5 vVc =

125.55 kN
No Min. shear Reinforcement Required, DISCARD CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR
11.4.6.3 Where shear reinforcement is required by 11.4.6.1 A v,min for
nonprestressed members shall be computed by

but shall not be less than (0.35bws)/fyt.


Used Spacing, s =
Dia. of Rebar Used =

200 mm
12 mm

Area of Bar =
No. of Leg =
Av,min =
Av,provided =
Stirrups Using

113.1 mm2
2 nos.
175 mm2
226.2 mm
12 mm dia.

200 mm spac. OK

k1 =

0.85

ction 10.5.1)

sion face, s, shall not exceed that given by

m surface of reinforcement steel to the

e tension face, s used in Eq. (10-4)


nforcement closest to the tension face at

It shall be permitted to take f s as 2/3fy.

er to center spacing

OK

oncrete, d = Actual d)

equirement

LOW FOR SHEAR

14. Horizontal Rebar Check


14.1 Distribution Reinforcement check in Top and Bottom Slab:
ACI 318M Section: 7.12 Shrinkage and temperature reinforcement
7.12.1 Reinforcement for shrinkage and temperature stresses normal to
flexural reinforcement shall be provided in structural slabs where the
flexural reinforcement extends in one direction only.
7.12.2.1 Area of shrinkage and temperature reinforcement shall provide
at least the following ratios of reinforcement area to gross concrete area,
but not less than 0.0014:
(a) Slabs where Grade 280 or 350 deformed bars are used
.................................
0.002 Case a
(b) Slabs where Grade 420 deformed bars or welded wire reinforcement
are used........................
0.0018 Case b
(c) Slabs where reinforcement with yield stress exceeding 420 Mpa
measured at a yield strain of 0.35 percent is used .........
Our Reinforcement Case = Case b
Therefore steel ratio needed = 0.0018
1/ Top Slab:
Assume unit width, B =
Thickness of slab =
Area of Steel Required Asreq. =

1000 mm
400 mm
720 mm2

This area of steel is equally distributed on each face of the slab,


So each face (either top or bottom) will have to have half of the above
required steel area. i.e
Used Rebar Diameter =
Used Rebar Area =
Used spacing, sused =

360 mm2
12 mm
113.1 mm2
250 mm

Actual area of Steel Asact. =

452.4 mm2
Area of steel OK, CHECK THE ALLOWABLE SPACING
7.12.2.2 Shrinkage and temperature reinforcement shall be spaced
not farther apart than five times the slab thickness, nor farther apart
than 450 mm.
5 times slab thickness =
2000 mm
Maximum Allowable spacing =
450 mm
OK, SPACING PROVIDED IS GREATER THAN ALLOWABLE SPACING
FINAL DISTRIBUTION REINFORCING IN TOP SLAB:
Using
12 mm diameter @ of
250 mm max. spacing OK
2/ Bottom Slab:

Case c

Assume unit width, B =


Thickness of slab =
Area of Steel Required Asreq. =

1000 mm
400 mm
720 mm2

This area of steel is equally distributed on each face of the slab,


So each face (either top or bottom) will have to have half of the above
required steel area. i.e
Used Rebar Diameter =
Used Rebar Area =
Used spacing, sused =

360 mm2
12 mm
113.1 mm2
250 mm

Actual area of Steel Asact. =

452.4 mm2
Area of steel OK, CHECK THE ALLOWABLE SPACING
7.12.2.2 Shrinkage and temperature reinforcement shall be spaced
not farther apart than five times the slab thickness, nor farther apart
than 450 mm.
5 times slab thickness =
2000 mm
Maximum Allowable spacing =
450 mm
OK, SPACING PROVIDED IS GREATER THAN ALLOWABLE SPACING
FINAL DISTRIBUTION REINFORCING IN BOTTOM SLAB:
Using
12 mm diameter @ of
250 mm max. spacing OK

Case c

18. Main Bar Detail

11. Section Check and Rebar Computed


(1) Main Rebar Summary

Members

b (mm)

d (mm)

Mu (kN.m)

Upper Slab : Positive Moment Max.


Upper Slab : Negative Moment Max.
Upper Slab :Corner Moment
Bottom Slab: Positive Moment Max.
Bottom Slab:Negative Moment Max.
Bottom Slab: Corner Moment
Wall: Positive Moment Max.

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

312.0
378.7
378.7
312.0
378.7
378.7
312.0

34.95
44.49
44.49
45.40
59.18
59.18
30.23

Members

Vc (kN)

Vu (kN)

Vn (kN)

Upper Slab : Positive Shear Max.


Upper Slab : Negative Shear Max.
Upper Slab :Corner Shear
Bottom Slab: Positive Shear Max.
Bottom Slab:Negative Shear Max.
Bottom Slab: Corner Shear
Wall: Max. Shear

232.4
282.1
282.1
232.4
282.1
282.1
282.1

0.0
139.4
176.1
0.0
91.2
113.6
109.2

232.4
282.1
282.1
232.4
501.3
282.1
282.1

(2) Shear Rebar Summary

1. TITLE : Upper Slab : Positive Moment Max.


Section Specification and Design Assumption
fck =

fy =

30 MPa

400 MPa

Resistance Factors:
For Flexure (f) =
For Shear (v) =

0.85
0.8

Assume diameter of rebar used =

16 mm

B (mm)

H (mm)

d (mm)

1000

400.00

312.00

Cover
(mm)
80

Check For Bending:


Moment Equation, Mu = f* As* fy* (d- a/2)
a = As*fy/(k1*fck*b)
Use As =
a=
Mcal. =

2500 mm2
39.216 mm

248.5 kN.m
Area of Steel OK

Mu (kN.m)

Vu (kN)

34.95

0.00

Actual Area of Steel Provided:


Used Rebar Diameter =
Area of Rebar =
Used Rebar Spacing =
As =
Actual d =
Actual a =
Actual Moment Mcal. =

16 mm
201.1 mm2
150 mm

1340.67 mm2
312 mm
21.0 mm
137.4 kN.m

Design Good for Bending

Reinforcement Ratio Check:


min = max(1.4/fy, 0.25sqrt(fck)/fy)

(ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

min =
max

0.0035
= 0.75*k1*f*(fck/fy)*(600/(600+fy))

max =

0.0244

use =

0.0042970085
GOOD for Minimum Ratio, OK
GOOD for Maximum Ratio, OK
ACI 318M-11 Sec. 10.6.4 The spacing of reinforcement closest to the tension face, s, shall

but not greater than 300(280/fs), where cc is the least distance from surface of reinforcement st

tension face. If there is only one bar or wire nearest to the extreme tension face, s used in Eq. (
is the width of the extreme tension face. Calculated stress f s in reinforcement closest to the ten

service load shall be computed based on the unfactored moment. It shall be permitted to take f
fs =

266.7 MPa
199 mm

s=
Provided Spacing, Sprovided =
Using

150 mm

16 mm dia.

150 mm max. center to center spacing

Check For Shear: Using ACI 318M-11

Concrete Shear, Vc =

290.51 kN

Concrete Shear, vVc =

( = 1.0 for normal weight concrete, d = A

232.41 kN
No Shear Reinf. Req. DISCARD SHEAR CALC. BELOW, Check for Min. Requirement
vVs Required =
-232.41 kN
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar
No. of Leg
Spacing Required
Used Spacing, s

=
=
=
=

12 mm
113.1 mm2
2
-121.47 mm
125 mm

smax = Min(d/2, 600mm)


Max. stirrup spac. allowed
smax =
156 mm
OK, Stirrup spacing less than maximum allowed
Actual Vs =
225.84 kN
Vs max. = 2/3 *sqrt(fck)*b*d
(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.7.9)
Vs max. =
1139.26 kN
OK, Actual Vs less than Vs max allowed
Hence, vVn =
413.1 kN
GOOD, Section OK for Shear

Avmin = 0.35*b*s/fy
Avmin =

(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.6.3)

109.375 mm

Av provided =

226.2 mm2
GOOD, Stirrups OK for Minimum Requirement

ACI 318M-11 Section 11.4.6 Minimum shear reinforcement


11.4.6.1 A minimum area of shear reinforcement,Av,min, shall be provided in all
reinforced concrete flexural members (prestressed and nonprestressed)
where Vu exceeds 0.5Vc,
0.5 vVc =
116.20 kN

No Min. shear Reinforcement Required, DISCARD CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR


11.4.6.3 Where shear reinforcement is required by 11.4.6.1 A v,min for
nonprestressed members shall be computed by

but shall not be less than (0.35bws)/fyt.


Used Spacing, s =
Dia. of Rebar Used =

250 mm
12 mm

Area of Bar =
No. of Leg =
Av,min =

113.1 mm2
2 nos.
218.75 mm2

Av,provided =

226.2 mm2
12 mm dia.

Stirrups Using

250 mm spac.

2. TITLE : Upper Slab : Negative Moment Max.


Section Specification and Design Assumption
fck =

fy =

30 MPa

400 MPa

Resistance Factors:
For Flexure (f) =
For Shear (v) =

0.85
0.8

Assume diameter of rebar used =

16 mm

B (mm)

H (mm)

d (mm)

1000

466.67

378.67

Cover
(mm)
80

Check For Bending:


Moment Equation, Mu = f* As* fy* (d- a/2)
a = As*fy/(k1*fck*b)
Use As =
a=
Mcal. =

2500 mm2
39.216 mm

305.2 kN.m
Area of Steel OK

Mu (kN.m)

Vu (kN)

44.49

139.43

Actual Area of Steel Provided:


Used Rebar Diameter =
Area of Rebar =
Used Rebar Spacing =

16 mm
201.1 mm2
150 mm

As =

1340.67 mm2
Actual d = 378.666666667 mm
Actual a =
21.0 mm
Actual Moment Mcal. =
167.8 kN.m

Design Good for Bending

Reinforcement Ratio Check:


min = max(1.4/fy, 0.25sqrt(fck)/fy)

(ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

min =
max

0.0035
= 0.75*k1*f*(fck/fy)*(600/(600+fy))

max =

0.0244

use =

0.003540493
GOOD for Minimum Ratio, OK
GOOD for Maximum Ratio, OK
ACI 318M-11 Sec. 10.6.4 The spacing of reinforcement closest to the tension face, s, shall

but not greater than 300(280/fs), where cc is the least distance from surface of reinforcement st

tension face. If there is only one bar or wire nearest to the extreme tension face, s used in Eq. (
is the width of the extreme tension face. Calculated stress f s in reinforcement closest to the ten

service load shall be computed based on the unfactored moment. It shall be permitted to take f
fs =
s=
Provided Spacing, Sprovided =
Using

266.7 MPa
199 mm

150 mm
16 mm dia.

150 mm max. center to center s

Check For Shear: Using ACI 318M-11

Concrete Shear, Vc =

352.59 kN

Concrete Shear, vVc =

( = 1.0 for normal weight concrete, d = A

282.07 kN
No Shear Reinf. Req. DISCARD SHEAR CALC. BELOW, Check for Min. Requirement
vVs Required =
-142.64 kN
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar =
No. of Leg =
Spacing Required =

12 mm
113.1 mm2
2
-240.20 mm

Used Spacing, s =
125 mm
smax = Min(d/2, 600mm)
smax = 189.333333333 mm

Max. stirrup spac. allowed

OK, Stirrup spacing less than maximum allowed


Actual Vs =
274.09 kN
Vs max. = 2/3 *sqrt(fck)*b*d
(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.7.9)
Vs max. =
1382.70 kN
OK, Actual Vs less than Vs max allowed
Hence, vVn =
501.3 kN
GOOD, Section OK for Shear

Avmin = 0.35*b*s/fy
Avmin =

(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.6.3)

109.375 mm

Av provided =

226.2 mm2
GOOD, Stirrups OK for Minimum Requirement

ACI 318M-11 Section 11.4.6 Minimum shear reinforcement


11.4.6.1 A minimum area of shear reinforcement,Av,min, shall be provided in all
reinforced concrete flexural members (prestressed and nonprestressed)
where Vu exceeds 0.5Vc,
0.5 vVc =
141.03 kN

No Min. shear Reinforcement Required, DISCARD CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR


11.4.6.3 Where shear reinforcement is required by 11.4.6.1 A v,min for
nonprestressed members shall be computed by

but shall not be less than (0.35bws)/fyt.


Used Spacing, s =
Dia. of Rebar Used =

250 mm
12 mm

Area of Bar =
No. of Leg =
Av,min =

113.1 mm2
2 nos.
218.75 mm2

Av,provided =

226.2 mm
12 mm dia.

Stirrups Using

250 mm spac.

3. TITLE : Upper Slab : Edge Moment


Section Specification and Design Assumption
fck =

fy =

30 MPa

400 MPa

Resistance Factors:
For Flexure (f) =
For Shear (v) =

0.85
0.8

Assume diameter of rebar used =

16 mm

B (mm)

H (mm)

d (mm)

1000

466.67

378.67

Cover
(mm)
80

Check For Bending:


Moment Equation, Mu = f* As* fy* (d- a/2)
a = As*fy/(k1*fck*b)
Use As =
a=
Mcal. =

2000 mm2
31.373 mm

246.8 kN.m
Area of Steel OK

Mu (kN.m)

Vu (kN)

44.490

139.430

Actual Area of Steel Provided:


Used Rebar Diameter =
Area of Rebar =
Used Rebar Spacing =

16 mm
201.1 mm2
150 mm

As =

1340.67 mm2
Actual d = 378.666666667 mm
Actual a =
21.0 mm
Actual Moment Mcal. =
167.8 kN.m

Design Good for Bending

Reinforcement Ratio Check:


min = max(1.4/fy, 0.25sqrt(fck)/fy)

(ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

min =
max

0.0035
= 0.75*k1*f*(fck/fy)*(600/(600+fy))

max =

0.0244

use =

0.003540493
GOOD for Minimum Ratio, OK
GOOD for Maximum Ratio, OK
ACI 318M-11 Sec. 10.6.4 The spacing of reinforcement closest to the tension face, s, shall

but not greater than 300(280/fs), where cc is the least distance from surface of reinforcement st

tension face. If there is only one bar or wire nearest to the extreme tension face, s used in Eq. (
is the width of the extreme tension face. Calculated stress f s in reinforcement closest to the ten

service load shall be computed based on the unfactored moment. It shall be permitted to take f
fs =
s=
Provided Spacing, Sprovided =
Using

266.7 MPa
199 mm

150 mm
16 mm dia.

150 mm max. center to center s

Check For Shear: Using ACI 318M-11

Concrete Shear, Vc =

352.59 kN

( = 1.0 for normal weight concrete, d = A

Concrete Shear, vVc =

282.07 kN
No Shear Reinf. Req. DISCARD SHEAR CALC. BELOW, Check for Min. Requirement
vVs Required =
-142.64 kN
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar
No. of Leg
Spacing Required
Used Spacing, s
smax
smax

12 mm

=
113.1 mm2
=
2
=
-240.20 mm
=
125 mm
= Min(d/2, 600mm)
= 189.333333333 mm

Max. stirrup spac. allowed

OK, Stirrup spacing less than maximum allowed


Actual Vs =
274.09 kN
Vs max. = 2/3 *sqrt(fck)*b*d
(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.7.9)
Vs max. =
1382.70 kN
OK, Actual Vs less than Vs max allowed
Hence, vVn =
501.3 kN
GOOD, Section OK for Shear
Avmin = 0.35*b*s/fy
Avmin =

(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.6.3)

109.375 mm

Av provided =

226.2 mm2
GOOD, Stirrups OK for Minimum Requirement

ACI 318M-11 Section 11.4.6 Minimum shear reinforcement


11.4.6.1 A minimum area of shear reinforcement,Av,min, shall be provided in all
reinforced concrete flexural members (prestressed and nonprestressed)
where Vu exceeds 0.5Vc,
0.5 vVc =
141.03 kN

No Min. shear Reinforcement Required, DISCARD CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR


11.4.6.3 Where shear reinforcement is required by 11.4.6.1 A v,min for
nonprestressed members shall be computed by

but shall not be less than (0.35bws)/fyt.


Used Spacing, s =
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar =
No. of Leg =
Av,min =

250 mm
12 mm
113.1 mm2
2 nos.
218.75 mm2

Av,provided =
Stirrups Using

226.2 mm
12 mm dia.

250 mm spac.

4. TITLE : Bottom Slab : Positive Moment Max


Section Specification and Design Assumption
fck =

fy =

30 MPa

400 MPa

Resistance Factors:
For Flexure (f) =
For Shear (v) =

0.85
0.8

Assume diameter of rebar used =

16 mm

B (mm)

H (mm)

d (mm)

1000

400.00

312.00

Cover
(mm)
80

Mu (kN.m)

Vu (kN)

45.400

0.000

Check For Bending:


Moment Equation, Mu = f* As* fy* (d- a/2)
a = As*fy/(k1*fck*b)
Use As =
a=
Mcal. =

2000 mm2
31.373 mm

201.5 kN.m
Area of Steel OK
Actual Area of Steel Provided:
Used Rebar Diameter =

16 mm

Area of Rebar =
Used Rebar Spacing =
As =
Actual d =
Actual a =
Actual Moment Mcal. =

201.1 mm2
150 mm

1340.67 mm2
312 mm
21.0 mm
137.4 kN.m

Design Good for Bending

Reinforcement Ratio Check:


min = max(1.4/fy, 0.25sqrt(fck)/fy)

(ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

min =
max

0.0035
= 0.75*k1*f*(fck/fy)*(600/(600+fy))

max =

0.0244

use =

0.0042970085
GOOD for Minimum Ratio, OK
GOOD for Maximum Ratio, OK
ACI 318M-11 Sec. 10.6.4 The spacing of reinforcement closest to the tension face, s, shall

but not greater than 300(280/fs), where cc is the least distance from surface of reinforcement st

tension face. If there is only one bar or wire nearest to the extreme tension face, s used in Eq. (
is the width of the extreme tension face. Calculated stress f s in reinforcement closest to the ten

service load shall be computed based on the unfactored moment. It shall be permitted to take f
fs =
s=
Provided Spacing, Sprovided =
Using

266.7 MPa
199 mm

150 mm
16 mm dia.

150 mm max. center to center s

Check For Shear: Using ACI 318M-11

Concrete Shear, Vc =

290.51 kN

( = 1.0 for normal weight concrete, d = A

Concrete Shear, vVc =

232.41 kN
No Shear Reinf. Req. DISCARD SHEAR CALC. BELOW, Check for Min. Requirement
vVs Required =
-232.41 kN
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar
No. of Leg
Spacing Required
Used Spacing, s
smax
smax

12 mm

=
113.1 mm2
=
2
=
-121.47 mm
=
125 mm
= Min(d/2, 600mm)
=
156 mm

Max. stirrup spac. allowed

OK, Stirrup spacing less than maximum allowed


Actual Vs =
225.84 kN
Vs max. = 2/3 *sqrt(fck)*b*d
(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.7.9)
Vs max. =
1139.26 kN
OK, Actual Vs less than Vs max allowed
Hence, vVn =
413.1 kN
GOOD, Section OK for Shear
Avmin = 0.35*b*s/fy
Avmin =

(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.6.3)

109.375 mm2

Av provided =

226.2 mm2
GOOD, Stirrups OK for Minimum Requirement

ACI 318M-11 Section 11.4.6 Minimum shear reinforcement


11.4.6.1 A minimum area of shear reinforcement,Av,min, shall be provided in all
reinforced concrete flexural members (prestressed and nonprestressed)
where Vu exceeds 0.5Vc,
0.5 vVc =
116.20 kN

No Min. shear Reinforcement Required, DISCARD CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR


11.4.6.3 Where shear reinforcement is required by 11.4.6.1 A v,min for

nonprestressed members shall be computed by

but shall not be less than (0.35bws)/fyt.


Used Spacing, s =
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar =
No. of Leg =
Av,min =

250 mm
12 mm
113.1 mm2
2 nos.
218.75 mm2

Av,provided =
Stirrups Using

226.2 mm
12 mm dia.

250 mm spac.

5. TITLE : Bottom Slab : Negative Moment Max


Section Specification and Design Assumption
fck =

fy =

30 MPa

400 MPa

Resistance Factors:
For Flexure (f) =
For Shear (v) =

0.85
0.8

Assume diameter of rebar used =

16 mm

B (mm)

H (mm)

d (mm)

1000

466.67

378.67

Cover
(mm)
80

Mu (kN.m)

Vu (kN)

59.180

91.220

Check For Bending:


Moment Equation, Mu = f* As* fy* (d- a/2)
a = As*fy/(k1*fck*b)
Use As =
a=
Mcal. =

3000 mm2
47.059 mm

362.2 kN.m
Area of Steel OK
Actual Area of Steel Provided:
Used Rebar Diameter =

16 mm

Area of Rebar =
Used Rebar Spacing =

201.1 mm2
150 mm

As =

1340.67 mm2
Actual d = 378.666666667 mm
Actual a =
21.0 mm
Actual Moment Mcal. =
167.8 kN.m

Design Good for Bending

Reinforcement Ratio Check:


min = max(1.4/fy, 0.25sqrt(fck)/fy)

(ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

min =
max

0.0035
= 0.75*k1*f*(fck/fy)*(600/(600+fy))

max =

0.0244

use =

0.003540493
GOOD for Minimum Ratio, OK
GOOD for Maximum Ratio, OK
ACI 318M-11 Sec. 10.6.4 The spacing of reinforcement closest to the tension face, s, shall

but not greater than 300(280/fs), where cc is the least distance from surface of reinforcement st

tension face. If there is only one bar or wire nearest to the extreme tension face, s used in Eq. (
is the width of the extreme tension face. Calculated stress f s in reinforcement closest to the ten

service load shall be computed based on the unfactored moment. It shall be permitted to take f

fs =
s=
Provided Spacing, Sprovided =
Using

266.7 MPa
199 mm

150 mm
16 mm dia.

150 mm max. center to center s

Check For Shear: Using ACI 318M-11

Concrete Shear, Vc =

352.59 kN

( = 1.0 for normal weight concrete, d = A

Concrete Shear, vVc =

282.07 kN
No Shear Reinf. Req. DISCARD SHEAR CALC. BELOW, Check for Min. Requirement
vVs Required =
-190.85 kN
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar
No. of Leg
Spacing Required
Used Spacing, s
smax
smax

12 mm

=
113.1 mm2
=
2
=
-179.52 mm
=
125 mm
= Min(d/2, 600mm)
= 189.333333333 mm

Max. stirrup spac. allowed

OK, Stirrup spacing less than maximum allowed


Actual Vs =
274.09 kN
Vs max. = 2/3 *sqrt(fck)*b*d
(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.7.9)
Vs max. =
1382.70 kN
OK, Actual Vs less than Vs max allowed
Hence, vVn =
501.3 kN
GOOD, Section OK for Shear
Avmin = 0.35*b*s/fy
Avmin =

(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.6.3)

109.375 mm2

Av provided =

226.2 mm2
GOOD, Stirrups OK for Minimum Requirement

ACI 318M-11 Section 11.4.6 Minimum shear reinforcement


11.4.6.1 A minimum area of shear reinforcement,Av,min, shall be provided in all
reinforced concrete flexural members (prestressed and nonprestressed)
where Vu exceeds 0.5Vc,
0.5 vVc =
141.03 kN

No Min. shear Reinforcement Required, DISCARD CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR


11.4.6.3 Where shear reinforcement is required by 11.4.6.1 A v,min for

nonprestressed members shall be computed by

but shall not be less than (0.35bws)/fyt.


Used Spacing, s =
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar =
No. of Leg =
Av,min =

250 mm
12 mm
113.1 mm2
2 nos.
218.75 mm2

Av,provided =
Stirrups Using

226.2 mm
12 mm dia.

250 mm spac.

6. TITLE : Bottom Slab : Edge Moment


Section Specification and Design Assumption
fck =

fy =

30 MPa

400 MPa

Resistance Factors:
For Flexure (f) =
For Shear (v) =

0.85
0.8

Assume diameter of rebar used =

16 mm

B (mm)

H (mm)

d (mm)

1000

466.67

378.67

Cover
(mm)
80

Mu (kN.m)

Vu (kN)

59.180

97.878

Check For Bending:


Moment Equation, Mu = f* As* fy* (d- a/2)
a = As*fy/(k1*fck*b)
Use As =
a=
Mcal. =

2000 mm2
31.373 mm

246.8 kN.m
Area of Steel OK
Actual Area of Steel Provided:
Used Rebar Diameter =

16 mm

Area of Rebar =
Used Rebar Spacing =

201.1 mm2
150 mm

As =

1340.67 mm2
Actual d = 378.666666667 mm
Actual a =
21.0 mm
Actual Moment Mcal. =
167.8 kN.m

Design Good for Bending

Reinforcement Ratio Check:


min = max(1.4/fy, 0.25sqrt(fck)/fy)
min =
max

0.0035
= 0.75*k1*f*(fck/fy)*(600/(600+fy))

max =
use =

0.0244

0.003540493
GOOD for Minimum Ratio, OK
GOOD for Maximum Ratio, OK

(ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

ACI 318M-11 Sec. 10.6.4 The spacing of reinforcement closest to the tension face, s, shall

but not greater than 300(280/fs), where cc is the least distance from surface of reinforcement st

tension face. If there is only one bar or wire nearest to the extreme tension face, s used in Eq. (
is the width of the extreme tension face. Calculated stress f s in reinforcement closest to the ten

service load shall be computed based on the unfactored moment. It shall be permitted to take f
fs =
s=
Provided Spacing, Sprovided =
Using

266.7 MPa
199 mm

150 mm
16 mm dia.

150 mm max. center to center s

Check For Shear: Using ACI 318M-11

Concrete Shear, Vc =

352.59 kN

( = 1.0 for normal weight concrete, d = A

Concrete Shear, vVc =

282.07 kN
No Shear Reinf. Req. DISCARD SHEAR CALC. BELOW, Check for Min. Requirement
vVs Required =
-184.19 kN
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar
No. of Leg
Spacing Required
Used Spacing, s
smax
smax

12 mm

=
113.1 mm2
=
2
=
-186.01 mm
=
125 mm
= Min(d/2, 600mm)
= 189.333333333 mm

Max. stirrup spac. allowed

OK, Stirrup spacing less than maximum allowed


Actual Vs =
274.09 kN
Vs max. = 2/3 *sqrt(fck)*b*d
(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.7.9)
Vs max. =
1382.70 kN
OK, Actual Vs less than Vs max allowed

Hence, vVn =

501.3 kN
GOOD, Section OK for Shear
Avmin = 0.35*b*s/fy
Avmin =

(ACI 318M-11 Sec 11.4.6.3)

109.375 mm2

Av provided =

226.2 mm2
GOOD, Stirrups OK for Minimum Requirement

ACI 318M-11 Section 11.4.6 Minimum shear reinforcement


11.4.6.1 A minimum area of shear reinforcement,Av,min, shall be provided in all
reinforced concrete flexural members (prestressed and nonprestressed)
where Vu exceeds 0.5Vc,
0.5 vVc =
141.03 kN

No Min. shear Reinforcement Required, DISCARD CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR

11.4.6.3 Where shear reinforcement is required by 11.4.6.1 A v,min for


nonprestressed members shall be computed by

but shall not be less than (0.35bws)/fyt.


Used Spacing, s =
Dia. of Rebar Used =
Area of Bar =
No. of Leg =
Av,min =

250 mm
12 mm
113.1 mm2
2 nos.
218.75 mm2

Av,provided =
Stirrups Using

226.2 mm
12 mm dia.

250 mm spac.

BAR
Mn (kN.m)
137.4
167.8
167.8
137.4
167.8
167.8
167.8

Req'd As
(mm2)
Not Req.
Not Req.
Not Req.
Not Req.
Not Req.
Not Req.
Not Req.

Dia.(mm)
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

s
(mm)
150.0
150.0
150.0
150.0
150.0
150.0
150.0

BAR
Dia.
No.

k1 =

0.85

Used As
(mm2)
1341
1341
1341
1341
1341
1341
1341

s (mm)

Used As
Chk.
(mm2)
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

Good for Bending

ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

st to the tension face, s, shall not exceed that given by

m surface of reinforcement steel to the

e tension face, s used in Eq. (10-4)


nforcement closest to the tension face at

It shall be permitted to take f s as 2/3fy.

enter to center spacing

normal weight concrete, d = Actual d)

for Min. Requirement

OK

spac. allowed

1 Sec 11.4.7.9)

1 Sec 11.4.6.3)

be provided in all

D CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR

OK

k1 =

0.85

Good for Bending

ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

st to the tension face, s, shall not exceed that given by

m surface of reinforcement steel to the

e tension face, s used in Eq. (10-4)


nforcement closest to the tension face at

It shall be permitted to take f s as 2/3fy.

mm max. center to center spacing

normal weight concrete, d = Actual d)

for Min. Requirement

OK

spac. allowed

1 Sec 11.4.7.9)

1 Sec 11.4.6.3)

be provided in all

D CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR

OK

k1 =

0.85

Good for Bending

ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

st to the tension face, s, shall not exceed that given by

m surface of reinforcement steel to the

e tension face, s used in Eq. (10-4)


nforcement closest to the tension face at

It shall be permitted to take f s as 2/3fy.

mm max. center to center spacing

OK

normal weight concrete, d = Actual d)

for Min. Requirement

spac. allowed

1 Sec 11.4.7.9)

1 Sec 11.4.6.3)

be provided in all

D CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR

OK

k1 =

0.85

Good for Bending

ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

st to the tension face, s, shall not exceed that given by

m surface of reinforcement steel to the

e tension face, s used in Eq. (10-4)


nforcement closest to the tension face at

It shall be permitted to take f s as 2/3fy.

mm max. center to center spacing

OK

normal weight concrete, d = Actual d)

for Min. Requirement

spac. allowed

1 Sec 11.4.7.9)

1 Sec 11.4.6.3)

be provided in all

D CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR

OK

k1 =

0.85

Good for Bending

ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

st to the tension face, s, shall not exceed that given by

m surface of reinforcement steel to the

e tension face, s used in Eq. (10-4)


nforcement closest to the tension face at

It shall be permitted to take f s as 2/3fy.

mm max. center to center spacing

OK

normal weight concrete, d = Actual d)

for Min. Requirement

spac. allowed

1 Sec 11.4.7.9)

1 Sec 11.4.6.3)

be provided in all

D CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR

OK

Good for Bending

ACI 318M-11 Section 10.5.1)

k1 =

0.85

st to the tension face, s, shall not exceed that given by

m surface of reinforcement steel to the

e tension face, s used in Eq. (10-4)


nforcement closest to the tension face at

It shall be permitted to take f s as 2/3fy.

mm max. center to center spacing

normal weight concrete, d = Actual d)

for Min. Requirement

spac. allowed

1 Sec 11.4.7.9)

OK

1 Sec 11.4.6.3)

be provided in all

D CALC. BELOW FOR SHEAR

OK

12. Horizontal Rebar Check


14.1 Distribution Reinforcement check in Top and Bottom Slab:
ACI 318M Section: 7.12 Shrinkage and temperature reinforcement
7.12.1 Reinforcement for shrinkage and temperature stresses normal to
flexural reinforcement shall be provided in structural slabs where the
flexural reinforcement extends in one direction only.
7.12.2.1 Area of shrinkage and temperature reinforcement shall provide
at least the following ratios of reinforcement area to gross concrete area,
but not less than 0.0014:
(a) Slabs where Grade 280 or 350 deformed bars are used
.................................
0.002 Case a
(b) Slabs where Grade 420 deformed bars or welded wire reinforcement
are used........................
0.0018 Case b
(c) Slabs where reinforcement with yield stress exceeding 420 Mpa
measured at a yield strain of 0.35 percent is used .........
Our Reinforcement Case = Case b
Therefore steel ratio needed = 0.0018
1/ Top Slab:
Assume unit width, B =
Thickness of slab =
Area of Steel Required Asreq. =

1000 mm
400 mm
720 mm2

This area of steel is equally distributed on each face of the slab,


So each face (either top or bottom) will have to have half of the above
required steel area. i.e
Used Rebar Diameter =
Used Rebar Area =
Used spacing, sused =

360 mm2
12 mm
113.1 mm2
250 mm

Actual area of Steel Asact. =

452.4 mm2
Area of steel OK, CHECK THE ALLOWABLE SPACING
7.12.2.2 Shrinkage and temperature reinforcement shall be spaced
not farther apart than five times the slab thickness, nor farther apart
than 450 mm.
5 times slab thickness =
2000 mm
Maximum Allowable spacing =
450 mm
OK, SPACING PROVIDED IS GREATER THAN ALLOWABLE SPACING
FINAL DISTRIBUTION REINFORCING IN TOP SLAB:
Using
12 mm diameter @ of
250 mm max. spacing OK

Case c

2/ Bottom Slab:
Assume unit width, B =
Thickness of slab =
Area of Steel Required Asreq. =

1000 mm
400 mm
720 mm2

This area of steel is equally distributed on each face of the slab,


So each face (either top or bottom) will have to have half of the above
required steel area. i.e
Used Rebar Diameter =
Used Rebar Area =
Used spacing, sused =

360 mm2
12 mm
113.1 mm2
250 mm

Actual area of Steel Asact. =

452.4 mm2
Area of steel OK, CHECK THE ALLOWABLE SPACING
7.12.2.2 Shrinkage and temperature reinforcement shall be spaced
not farther apart than five times the slab thickness, nor farther apart
than 450 mm.
5 times slab thickness =
2000 mm
Maximum Allowable spacing =
450 mm
OK, SPACING PROVIDED IS GREATER THAN ALLOWABLE SPACING
FINAL DISTRIBUTION REINFORCING IN BOTTOM SLAB:
Using
12 mm diameter @ of
250 mm max. spacing OK

Case c

13. Corner Check

400

(T1)

2
0
0
300

(A)

1) Node Point 18
45
R

H12

H16 - 4EA

20

400

300
0

(T2)

(B)

- CON'C Strength fck =

30 MPa

- Rebar Strength fy =

400 MPa

- Used Moment, Mu =

44.49 kN.m

- Node Point Moment, Mo =


T1
A
T2
B
R=

=
=
=
=

27.26 kN.m
400 mm
200 mm
400 mm
200 mm

(T1B + T2A + AB)


2
(A + B)
Hence, R =
707.107 mm

Main Reinforcement Bar Area viewed as corner reinforcement bar


Diameter of bar =
16 mm
Area of each bar =
201.1 mm2
Spacing of bar =
150 mm
Width W =
1000 mm
Total area of bar per 1000mm, Asb = 1340.6667 mm2
Decision for Corner Reinforcement
5 Mo
Ftmax =
RW
Ftmax =
0.273
MPa
0.08fck =
0.438
MPa
Corner Reinforcement Rebar not necessary !!!
Required As
Area of required reinforcement for outer tensile (As)
2 Mo
As =
R fsa
Allowable, fsa =

180 MPa

As =

428.3 mm2

Req'd As =

As

Req'd As =

428.3 mm2

Additional Bar Added:


Diameter of Bar
Area of each Bar
Spacing Provided
Total area of bar per 1000mm, Asb

=
=
=
=

12 mm
113.1 mm2
150 mm
754 mm2
Additional Bar OK!!!

2) Node Point 1

400

300

(T2)

(B)

20
0

R45

(T1)

400

2(A)
0
0

300

H12 H16 - 4EA

- CON'C Strength fck =

30 MPa

- Rebar Strength fy =

400 MPa

- Used Moment, Mu =
- Node Point Moment, Mo =
T1
A
T2
B
R=

=
=
=
=

167.81 kN.m
15.83 kN.m
400 mm
200 mm
400 mm
200 mm

(T1B + T2A + AB)


2
(A + B)
Hence, R =
707.107 mm

Main Reinforcement Bar Area viewed as corner reinforcement bar


Diameter of bar =
16 mm
Area of each bar =
201.1 mm2
Spacing of bar =
150 mm
Width W =
1000 mm
Total area of bar per 1000mm, Asb = 1340.6667 mm2
Decision for Corner Reinforcement
5 Mo
Ftmax =
RW
Ftmax =
0.158
MPa
0.08fck =
0.438
MPa
Corner Reinforcement Rebar not necessary !!!

Required As
Area of required reinforcement for outer tensile (As)
2 Mo
As =
R fsa
Allowable, fsa =

180 MPa

As =

248.7 mm2

Req'd As =

As

Req'd As =

248.7 mm2

Additional Bar Added:


Diameter of Bar
Area of each Bar
Spacing Provided
Total area of bar per 1000mm, Asb

=
=
=
=

12 mm
113.1 mm2
150 mm
754 mm2
Additional Bar OK!!!

(T1)

45

(A)
0

300
0

400

3/ Node Point 12

H16 - 4EA
H12

200 400
300
(B)

(T2)

- CON'C Strength fck =

30 MPa

- Rebar Strength fy =

400 MPa

- Used Moment, Mu =

44.49 kN.m

- Node Point Moment, Mo =


T1
A
T2
B
R=

=
=
=
=

27.26 kN.m
400 mm
200 mm
400 mm
200 mm

(T1B + T2A + AB)


2
(A + B)
Hence, R =
707.107 mm

Main Reinforcement Bar Area viewed as corner reinforcement bar


Diameter of bar =
16 mm
Area of each bar =
201.1 mm2
Spacing of bar =
150 mm
Width W =
1000 mm
Total area of bar per 1000mm, Asb = 1340.6667 mm2

Decision for Corner Reinforcement


5 Mo
Ftmax =
RW
Ftmax =
0.273
MPa
0.08fck =
0.438
MPa
Corner Reinforcement Rebar not necessary !!!
Required As
Area of required reinforcement for outer tensile (A s)
2 Mo

As =

R fsa

Allowable, fsa =

180 MPa

As =

428.3 mm2

Req'd As =

As

Req'd As =

428.3 mm2

Additional Bar Added:


Diameter of Bar
Area of each Bar
Spacing Provided
Total area of bar per 1000mm, Asb

=
=
=
=

12 mm
113.1 mm2
150 mm
754 mm2
Additional Bar OK!!!

4) Node Point 7
300
200 400
(B)

(T2)

(A)0
(T1)

400

0
300

H12
H16 - 4EA

45

- CON'C Strength fck =


- Rebar Strength fy =
- Used Moment, Mu =
- Node Point Moment, Mo =
T1 =
A=
T2 =
B=
R=

30 MPa
400 MPa
167.81 kN.m
15.83 kN.m
400 mm
200 mm
400 mm
200 mm

(T1B + T2A + AB)


2
(A + B)
Hence, R =
707.107 mm

Main Reinforcement Bar Area viewed as corner reinforcement bar


Diameter of bar =
16 mm
Area of each bar =
201.1 mm2
Spacing of bar =
150 mm
Width W =
1000 mm
Total area of bar per 1000mm, Asb = 1340.6667 mm2
Decision for Corner Reinforcement
5 Mo
Ftmax =
RW
Ftmax =
0.158
MPa
0.08fck =
0.438
MPa
Corner Reinforcement Rebar not necessary !!!
Required As
Area of required reinforcement for outer tensile (A s)
2 Mo

As =

R fsa

Allowable, fsa =

180 MPa

As =

248.7 mm2

Req'd As =
Req'd As =

As
248.7 mm2

Additional Bar Added:


Diameter of Bar
Area of each Bar
Spacing Provided
Total area of bar per 1000mm, Asb

=
=
=
=

12 mm
113.1 mm2
150 mm
754 mm2
Additional Bar OK!!!