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Calculation of Weight of Product

RD Group

TECHNICAL SERVICES DEPT.

Insert dimensions for the required product shape in orange


boxes, then read off the weight in the red boxes at right.
Material:
Note - Densities shown in green boxes are typical. Add specific
density under "others" for different materials.
density:

Sheet / plate
flat bar

Thickness (mm)
Width (mm)

Carbon &
ferritic
stainless
steels
7800

Length (m)
1

kg:

Thickness (mm)
Width (mm)

Coil
Round
bar / wire

kg/m:
Diameter (mm)

Length (m)
kg:

A/F (mm)

1
Length (m)
1
Length (m)

kg:

A/F (mm)

kg:

A/F (mm)

1
Length (m)

1
Thickness (mm)Leg 1 (mm) Leg 2 (mm) Length (m)

kg:

1
Length (m)

kg:

kg:

Square bar
Hex bar
Oct bar
Angle bar
OD (mm)

Hollow bar
Round
tube / pipe
Square / rect
tube / pipe

OD (mm)

ID (mm)
WT (mm)

Length (m)
1

Side 1 (mm) Side 2 (mm) WT (mm)

kg:

Length (m)

50
50
5
6
kg:
Note: All results are approximate. Refer to second sheet for calculation fomulas.
www.rdsteelgroup.com/

42.12

TECHNICAL SERVICES DEPT.


Austenitic
stainless
steels
7900

42.66

Copper
alloys
(Note)
8470

45.74

Aluminium
alloys
(Note)
2700

14.58

Others
(Note)
5000

27.00

RD GROUP
TECHNICAL SERVICES DEPT.
Formulas for Mass Calculation
Product
Round bar and wire
Hexagonal bar
Octagonal bar
Hollow round - tube and pipe
Square / Rectangular tube or hollow section
Hollow bar
Flat product
Angle bar
D - Diameter or Outside Diameter (mm)
S1 and S2 - side dimensions of square or rectangular hollows (mm)
t - Wall Thickness of tube or pipe (mm)
T - flat product Thickness (mm)
F - Across Flats of a Hexagon or Octagon (mm)
L1 & L2 - Angle bar Leg lengths (mm)
Notes
1. These are approximate and actual weights may vary due to specific grade and dimension tolerances.
2. Austenitic stainless steels have slightly higher densities than carbon steels. Consult tables for exact calculations.
3. Dimensional tolerances are particularly wide for hot rolled products, such as plate, pipe.and black bar.
4. Theoretical densities are used for all calculations, and the result is a theoretical mass. This takes no account
of dimensional tolerances.
5. "Billing weights" are often used in commercial quotations - such as 8177 for austenitic stainless steel.
This value accounts for a predominantly + tolerance for plate. It's justification for other products is less obvious.
6. Hollow round includes pipe and tube (specified by OD and WT).
7. Flat product includes plate, sheet, strip, coil and flat bar
Densities
Carbon steel 7800
Stainless steel (austenitic) 7900
Aluminium alloys 2700
Copper (alloy 385) 8470

Formulas for Mass Calculation


Mass (kg/m)

= 0.00000079 x dens x D
= 0.000000866 x dens x F
= 0.0000008284 x dens x F
= 0.00000314 x dens x (D - t) x t
= 0.000001 x dens x 2 x (S1 + S2 - 2 x t) x t
= 0.0000007854 x dens x (D - d)
= 0.000001 x dens x T x W
= 0.000001 x dens x (L1 + L2 - t) x t)
d - Inside Diameter (mm)
ctangular hollows (mm)
W - flat product Width (mm)
t - Angle bar leg thickness (mm)

s may vary due to specific grade and dimension tolerances.


her densities than carbon steels. Consult tables for exact calculations.
de for hot rolled products, such as plate, pipe.and black bar.
lations, and the result is a theoretical mass. This takes no account

cial quotations - such as 8177 for austenitic stainless steel.


tolerance for plate. It's justification for other products is less obvious.
cified by OD and WT).
oil and flat bar