Spring 2015
Islamabad Campus
Serial No:
EE319:Probability
& Random Processes
Sessional I
Total Time: 1 Hour
Total Marks: 60
Course Instructor:
________________
Signature of Invigilator
_____________________________________________ _____________________
Student NameRoll No
Section
Signature
OPEN BOOK
Allowed:Yellow localbound book with student name on 1st page.
Not allowed: Notes or loose pages.
DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOK OR START UNTIL INSTRUCTED.
Instructions:
1. Attempt on question paper. Attempt all of them. Read the question carefully and
understand it before attempting it.
2. Direct Answers are not acceptable. Showing your rough work is very important.
3. No additional sheet will be provided for rough work.
4. Pay very close attention to the notation you use. Up to 20% marks can be deducted for
use of vague or wrong notation.
5. All questions carry equal marks. Sub parts marks are listed.
6. After asked to commence the exam, please verify that you have six(6) different
printed pages including this title page. There are total of three (3) questions.
7. Calculator sharing is strictly prohibited.
8. Use permanent ink pens only. Although any part done using soft pencil will be
marked but it cannot be claimed for rechecking.
9. The invigilator present is not supposed to answer any questions. No one may
come to your room for corrections and you are not supposed to request to call
anyone. Make assumptions wherever required and clearly mark them.
Marks
Obtained
Total
Marks
Q1
Q2
Q3
Total
20
20
20
60
Spring 2015
Islamabad Campus
+
The circuit would be termed 'failed' when any of the 3 components fail. What is the
probability that the circuit fails?
Answer:
Assumption (important): each component fails independently.
Event = "circuit fails", event
= " R fails", event
= "opamp fails",
= "C fails"
, Pr( ) = 0.01, Pr
=
= 0.09, Pr( ) = 0.15
=
2
,
( )= 3
1
,
3
=1
=9
The process of squaring is deterministic. What is important is which elements of the set map to
each value in the support of X.
1 1 2
1
Pr({1,1}) = Pr({1}) + Pr({1}) = + = ,
Pr({3}) =
3 3 3
3
Page 2 of 6
Spring 2015
Islamabad Campus
3. [Marks 5]All possible outcomes of an experiment are squares of the elements in the set
{ , , }. In the following cases write the value of the probability if it is welldefined,
otherwise write the reason (one word or one phrase):
1) Pr(9) =
({1,9})}) = Pr({1}) =
, invalid event.
4. [Marks 4]The sample space, S of a random experiment is shown. The outcomes of the
experiment are not equally likely. There are 3 kinds of outcomes  those marked with a ( * )
have a probability to occur, the ones marked as ( + ) have a probability and the ones
marked with a ( $ ) have probability . There are three events, A (marked as a circle),
B(marked as a dotted rectangle) and C (marked as a triangle). Find:
Pr( ) = 9 + 6 + 6 = 1
( )= + +
+ +
(  )=
2 + +
Knowing that B has occurred, are A and C independent?
If Pr(  ) = Pr(  ) . Pr (  ) then we can say they are independent. Let us find out.
Pr(  ) = Pr( ) = 0
Pr ( )
Pr(  ) =
Pr (B) = 0
Pr(  ) =
3 +3 +2 0
Page 3 of 6
Spring 2015
Islamabad Campus
5. [Marks 4]A tree for medical test kit diagnosis for some disease is as shown below. The
event S represents the case when a patient is sick (i.e., suffering from that disease). T+ is
the event that the medical test kit tested positive for the disease. Twhen the kit tested
negative for the disease. Some probability values are listed on the tree. Find the 5 missing
probability values and put them in the rectangular boxes.The values listed on right are leaf
probabilities.
Page 4 of 6
Spring 2015
Islamabad Campus
a)
Pr(D) = Pr(A D) + Pr(B D) + Pr(C D) = 0.1667 0.05 + 0.333 .10 + 0.5 0.07
Pr(D) = 0.07666
b)
Pr(  ) =
Page 5 of 6
Spring 2015
Islamabad Campus
 =
Event
Event
Event
= "Martin gets at least two slices" = "Martin gets at least one more besides the min 1"
= "Martin gets one more", meaning other 1 slice will be divided among 9,   = 1.9 = 9
= "Martin gets two more", meaning all additional goes to him,   = 1
=
 =
( )=
+
 = 1 + 9 = 10
10
= 0.18182
55
Alternate:
= "Martin gets none besides the min 1", 2 slices get distributed to other 9

=
91+2
10
10.9
=
=
= 45
2
2
2
  =  
 = 55 45 = 10
Page 6 of 6