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UNIVERSITY OF PESHAWAR

No.

161

/Acad-II,

Dated: 28 / 11 /2000

NOTIFICATION.

10.04.2000, Academic Council dated 07.208.2000 and Syndicate dated 7th & 14th October, 2000,

approved the revised curriculum/syllabus for BA/B.Sc. Mathematics A and Mathematics B

which will effective from the session 2001 2002.

The admission to B.Sc. Mathematics (Part-I) class for the year 2001 will be based on the

new attached syllabus.

Sd/xxx xxx xxx

Deputy Registrar (Acad),

University of Peshawar

No.

8587 8630 /Acad-II,

Copy to: 1.

The Dean, Faculty of Science, University of Peshawar.

2.

The Chairman, Department of Mathematics, University of Peshawar.

3.

All Principals of Constituents/Affiliated Colleges, University of Peshawar.

4.

The Controller of Examinations B.A/B.Sc., University of Peshawar.

5.

P.S. to Vice-Chancellor, University of Peshawar.

6.

P.S. to Registrar, University of Peshawar.

Sd/xxx xxx xxx

Deputy Registrar (Acad),

University of Peshawar

PAPER A

MARKS 35

TO BE COVERED IN ABOUT 90 PERIODS

COMPLEX VARIABLES (1 question to be attempted out of 2)

Complex numbers, De Moivres theorem and its applications. Exponential, logarithmic,

trigonometric, and hyperbolic functions of a complex variable. Separation of complex value

functions into real and imaginary parts of complex expressions.

LINEAR ALGEBRA (2 question to be attempted out of 3)

1.

Vector Spaces.

Fields, vector spaces, sub spaces and their examples. Linear dependence and

independence. Bases and dimensions of finitely spanned vector spaces. Linear transformations of

vector spaces. Kernel space, Image spaces, and the relation between their dimensions.

2.

Matrices.

equations. Algebra of matrices. Determinants of matrices, their properties and their evaluation.

Various kinds of matrices. Matrix of a linear transformation. Elementary row and column

operations on matrices. Rank of matrix and rank of linear transformation. Evaluation of rank and

inverse of matrices. Solution of homogeneous and non-homogeneous equations.

INFINITE AND FOURIER SERIES (2 questions to be attempted out of 3)

1.

Infinite Series.

Sequences, infinite series and their convergence. Comparison, quotient, ratio and integral

tests of convergence (without proof). Absolute and conditional convergence.

2.

Fourier Series.

Fourier series. Fourier Sine and Cosine series.

PAPER B

MARKS 35

DIFFERENTIAL AND INTEGRAL CALCULUS

TO BE COVERED IN ABOUT 90 PERIODS

1.

Upper and lower bounds of variables and functions. Left and right limits of function.

Continuity of functions and their graphic representations. Inverses of exponential,

circular, hyperbolic and logarithmic functions.

2.

Derivatives.

Definition of a derivative. Relationship between continuity and differentiability. Higher

derivatives. Leibnitzs theorem.

3.

Rolles theorem, Lagranges mean value and Cauchys value theorems. Indeterminate

forms. LHospitals rule. Taylors and Machalurins theorems.

4.

Plane Curves.

Curves and their representation in Cartesian, polar and parametric forms. Tangents and

normal. Maxima, Minima and points of Inflection. Convexity and concavity. Asymplotes

and curve tracing.

5.

Partial derivatives.

Functions of more than on variables, Partial derivatives, Eulers theorem. Total

differentials and implicit functions. Maxima and Minima of functions of more than one

variable with or without constraints.

Riemann sums, Definite and indefinite integrates Properties of definite integrates.

Techniques of Integration and reduction formulas. Evaluation of improper integrals, with

special reference to Gamma functions, Simple cases of double and triple integrals. Area,

surfaces and volumes of revolution.

PAPER C

MARKS 35

GEOMETRY

TO BE COVERED IN ABOUT 90 PERIODS

Translation and rotation of axes. General equation of the second degree and the

classification of conic sections. Conic in polar coordinates. Tangents and normals.

THREE-DIMENSIONAL ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY (3 questions to be attempted out of 5)

Rectangular coordinate system. Translation and rotation of axes. Direction cosines and

ratios and angles between two lines. Standard forms of equations of planes and lines. Intersection

of planes and lines. Distance between points, lines and planes. Spherical, polar and cylindrical

coordinate systems.

Standard form of the equations of sphere, cylinder, cone, ellipsoid, parabolid and

hyperboloid. Symmetry, intercepts and sections of a surface. Tangent planes and normals.

PAPER D

MARKS 45

NUMERICAL METHODS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

TO BE COVERED IN ABOUT 90 PERIODS

1.

Errors in computation. Numerical solutions of algebraic and transcendental equations,

isolation of roots, graphical method, dissection methods, iteration methods, Newton

raphson method, method of false position.

2.

Choleskis Factorization method, Jacobi iterative method, Guass Seidel method (3x3

matrices only)

3.

Numerical integration.

Numerical integration, trapezoidal and Simpsons rules.

Formation of differential equations. Families of curves. Orthogonal trajectories. Initial

and boundary value problems. Different methods of solving first order Ordinary Differential

Equation (ODE). Second and higher order linear differential equations with constant coeffients

and their methods of solution. Cauchy-Euler Equation. Applications of first order ODE in

problems of decay and growth, population dynamics, logistic equation. Simple partial differential

equations and their applications.

B COURSE OF MATHEMATICS

PAPER A

MARKS 35

VECTOR ANALYSIS AND STATICS

TO BE COVERED IN ABOUT 90 PERIODS

Three dimensional vectors, coordinate systems and their bases. Scalar and vector triple

products. Differentiation and integration of vectors. Scalar and vector point functions, concepts

of gradient, divergence and curl operators alongwith their applications.

STATICS (3 questions to be attempted out of 5)

Composition and resolution of forces. Particles in equilibrium. Parallel forces, moments

couples. General conditions of equilibrium of coplanar forces. Principal of virtual work. Friction,

Centre of gravity.

PAPER B

MARKS 40

VECTOR ANALYSIS AND STATICS

TO BE COVERED IN ABOUT 90 PERIODS

Fundamental laws of Newtonian mechanics. Motion in a straight line. Uniformly

accelerated and resisted motion. Velocity and acceleration and their components in Cartesian and

polar coordinates, tangential and normal components, radial and transverse. Relative motion.

Angular velocity. Conservative forces, projectiles, Central forces and orbits, simple harmonic

motion, damped and forced vibrations, elastic strings and springs.

PAPER C

MARKS 35

VECTOR ANALYSIS AND STATICS

TO BE COVERED IN ABOUT 90 PERIODS

Greatest Common Divisors, Least Common Multiple. Prime Numbers, Linear Diophantine

Equations. Congruences, Residue Systems, Eulers Theorem. Fermats Theorem. Solution of

congruences.

GROUP THEORY (3 questions to be attempted out of 5)

Definition and examples of abelian and non-abelian groups. Congruences. Congruences

as equivalence relations. Cylic groups. Order of a group, order of an element of a group.

Subgroups. Cossets, The Lagranges theorem (Connection between the order of a group and

order of its elements) and its applications. Permutations. Cycles, length of cycles. Transpositions.

Even and odd permutations. Permutation/Symmetric groups. Alternating groups.

PAPER D

MARKS 35

VECTOR ANALYSIS AND STATICS

TO BE COVERED IN ABOUT 90 PERIODS

Definitions and examples of topological and metric spaces, open and closed sets.

Neighborhoods, limit points of a set, closure of a set and its properties. Interior, exterior and

boundary of a set. Definition and examples of continuous functions and homeomorphisms.

LINEAR PROGRAMMING (2 questions to be attempted out of 3)

Linear programming in two dimensional space. The general linear programming problem.

Systems of linear inequalities. Solution spaces in linear programming. An introduction to the

simplex method.

RECOMMENDED BOOKS.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

edition, 1998), The Carvan Book House, Lahore.

Zia-ul-Haq, Calculus and Analytic Geometry (1988), The Carvan Books House,

Lahore.

M. Afzal Qazi, A First Course on Vectors, (Revised Edition), West Pak Publishing

company Limited, Lahore.

Q.K. Ghori (editor), Introduction to Mechanics, (Revised Edition), West Pakistan

Publishing Co. Ltd., Lahore.

S. Manzur Hussain, Elementary Theory of Numbers, (1995), the Carvan Book House,

Lahore.

6.

7.

Lahore.

Muhammad Iqbal, An Introduction of Numerical Analysis, (1988), Ilmi Kitab Khana,

Lahore.

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