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Experiment No: 08

Date:___/___/2015

Title: To measure the external taper of a taper shank drill using standard rollers and comparing the
results with plate protractor measurements.
Objectives:

Students will be able to know


i. What Taper shank drill is.
ii. Different ways of measuring external taper.
iii. Measurement of taper shank drill using standard rollers.

Theory:

The shank is the end of a drill bit grasped by the chuck of a drill. The cutting edges of the drill bit
contact the workpiece and are connected via the shaft with the shank, which fits into the chuck.
In many cases a general-purpose arrangement is used, such as a bit with cylindrical shaft and
shank in a three-jaw chuck which grips a cylindrical shank tightly. Different shank and chuck
combination can deliver improved performance, such as allowing higher torque, greater
centering accuracy, or moving the bit, but not the chuck, with a hammer action.
Different kinds of shanks are available in marked based on their geometry including brace shank
(a), straight shank (b), hex shank (c), triangular shank (d) and taper shank.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Taper Shank Drill:

Types
A taper may be defined as aFig.1
uniform
change in diameter of a workpiece measured along its axis.
of
Shank
Tapers in the inch system are expressed in taper per foot, taper per inch or degrees.

Fig.2 Taper shank Drill

External taper measurement:

[1]Plate Protactor:
Protractor is the simplest device
used to measure the angles of
workpieces and cutting tools. It is
graded from 0 to 180 degrees,
provided with measuring arm which
rotates relative to protractor pivot.
Pointer; at the end arm, is used to
specify the protractor reading. Plate
protractor is used for measurement
of angles of workpieces, external angles, slopes, drill angles, marking etc.
[2]Combination Squares:
These are used for marking angles, squares and level.

[3]Universal Bevel Protector:


Universal Bevel Protractor is the most
accurate device for angle measurement of
workpieces and cutting tools in workshops
and labs. Its accuracy reaches 1/12 (= 5).

[4]Sine bar:
The sine bar is provided with locating
angular grooves in which two rollers of
equal diameter are placed. The taper is
mounted between the two centers on the
table. He sine table is placed on a surface
plate and adjusted by means of slip gauges
until the top surface of taper shaft is made
parallel to the surface plate. This can be
chaecked by a dial gauge mounted on the
surface plate.

[5]Standard rollers:
The tapered element is to be placed
with its small end on a surface plate as
shown in figure. Two precise rollers of
equal diameter are then placed on the
surface plate to contact the surface of
the taper plug of two points
diametrically opposite.

Measurement of taper shank drill using Standard rollers:

Fig.3 100mm, then standard rollers alongwith


If the tapered element has a taper length not exceeding
slip gauges and micrometer. Tapered shaft is placed on surface plate and two precision rollers of
equal diameters are then placed on surface plate to contact the surface of the taper plug of two
points diametrically opposite. The distance L1 across the rollers can be measured by the
micrometer. The same rollers are placed on two equal columns of slip gauges of height h and
the dimension L2 across them is also measured.
Then,

L2 L1 = 2h. tan
Tan = L2 L1/2h

Where,
= taper angle or half the included cone angle.

Observations and calculations:


Diameter of Precision balls used =
Distance across the rollers at base, L1=
Height of slip gauges, h =
Distance across the rollers at height h, L2=
Since,
Tan = L2 L1/2h
Therefore,

standard rollers =

Now, measure taper angle using plate protractor plate protractor =


Percentage Error =

Comments:

Signature of faculty