You are on page 1of 31

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION
AIMS
This experiment is conducted in order to evaluate and study the performance of the
shell and tube heat exchanger at various operating conditions. The performance can
be identified through calculated values from the given equations.
PART I : Heat load and Heat Balance
LMTD, Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient U
PART II : Turbulent/ Laminar flow
Reynolds Number Shell Side
Reynolds Number Tube Side
PART III : Heat Transfer Coefficients
PART IV : Pressure Drop
Shell Side
Tube Side

THEORY
APPARATUS

METHODOLOGY
A)

STANDARD OPERATION PROCEDURES

PLANT START-UP PROCEDURE


1. The main power supply to the plant, which is located at the front of
the panel, is switched on. (Whenever the annunciator is activated,
the acknowledge red button is pressed in order to silence the
buzzer, so as to rationalize the cause of the alarm condition)
2. The DP Selector Switch is switched to the vertical 0 position,
which is the equalizing position.
3. The manual valve at the external water supply inlet to T1 is always
left opened.
4. Tank T1 and T2 is filled with water to their maximum level.
5. The fully discharge valve (HV) at T1 is fully shut, whereas its bypass valve (BVH) is fully opened.
6. The heaters at the front of the panel are switched ON, in order to
allow the water in Tank 1 to be heated to its maximum temperature,
70C.
7. All the by-pass valves (BVC1 and BVC2) for cooling water pumps,
PC1 and PC2, are checked, and the discharged valves are left
opened. All suction valves for pumps, PC1, PC2 and PH must be
opened at all times.
8. CW pumps, PC1 and PC2, are made sure to be off. The hot water
pump PH is noted to still recirculating hot water around Tank 1, via
its by-pass valve (BVH), where at the same time its discharge valve
(HV) is still fully closed.
9. Various manual valves are quickly checked as follows:a. The manual by-pass valves around the control valves TSV3A
and TSV3B, are always left closed but their adjacent valves
must always be left opened.
b. The bottom manual drain valves of Tank T1 and T2 are always
closed.

PLANT SHUT-DOWN PROCEDURE

1. The plant is shut down as followed, when all the experimental RUNS
are completed:a. The heaters are switched off.
b. All the pumps (PH, PC1, and PC2) are checked and switched
off.
c. The DP Selector Switch is switched to the equalizing (vertical
or 0) position.
d. The main power supply to the plant is switched off, at the
front of the panel.
e. All the pump suction valves, discharge valves (HV, CV1, and
CV2) and by-pass valves (BVH, BVC1, BVC2) are opened.

B)

DESCRIPTION OF EQUIPMENT
The major equipment are as follows :

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger


The heat exchanger is operated with heated water, HW, (70C, 158F
max) as the heating medium, at the Tube-side and whereas it is
operated with ambient of warm water, CW, at the Shell-side.

Heating Medium HW Tank T1


1. The hot water tank T1 is filled with water, up to its maximum level,
which is the level of its overflow drain pipe, (D).
2. An electrical immersion heater in Tank T1 is automatically switched
off by an ON/OFF controller TIC5, when the heated water exceeds
70C.
3. Pump PH circulates the hot water (heating medium) HW into the
tube-side of the heat exchanger, and then returned it to tank T1.
The pump is always started only when the water level in Tank T1 is
near its maximum level and its by-pass valve (BVH) is fully opened.
4. The flowrate of HW to the heat exchanger is manually regulated at
the by-pass valve (BVH) with the discharge valve (HV) fully opened.

5. The process conditions of the heating medium HW are monitored as


followed :-

HEATING MEDIUM HW, Heat Exchanger Tube-side


Process Variables
Instrumentation
F1 (H)
Flowrate, USGPM, FH
PG-H
Pressure,psig, Inlet to Heat

Exchanger
Temperature, C, Inlet, t1
Temperature, C, Outlet, t2
Pressure Drop, mm Water,

TI1
TI2
DPI

DP (Tube)
NOTE : The instruments are panel-mounted except for Pressure,
psig, Inlet to Heat Exchanger

Cold Water CW Tank T2


1. The larger tank is identified as the cold water CW Tank T2.
2. The maximum cold level in each tank is defined by its overflow
drain pipe D. External ambient water supply is permanently
available to tank T2 and this inflow is controlled by a mechanical
float and valve in order to ensure that its level will always be
maintained at its maximum level.
3. CW heated at the shell-side of the heat exchanger returned to Tank
T2, so that the CW in T2 becomes warm. Excess water in T2 is left to
overflow into the drain (D).
4. There are two similar CW pumps PC1 and PC2 pumping CW to the
shell-side of the heat exchanger from T2, via their respective
manual discharge valves CV1, CV2. Both pumps are operated
simultaneously. When only one CW pump is operated for pumping
CW into the heat exchanger, the other CW pump is operated as a
back-mixing pump with its manual discharge valve fully shut but its
by-pass valve fully opened. This is the usual mode of operation, with
PC2 acting as the back-mixing pump, and its discharge valve (CV2)
fully shut but its by-pass valve (BVC2) fully opened.

By manually regulating the by-pass valve BVC1, the flowrate of the


CW from pump PC1 to the heat exchanger can be varied. Both of
the pump suction valves for PC1 and PC2 are noted to must always
remain opened.
5. The process conditions of the CW are monitored as followed :-

COLD WATER CW, Heat Exchanger Shell-side


Process Variables
Instrumentation
F1 (C)
Flowrate, USGPM, FC
PG-C
Pressure,psig, Inlet to Heat

Exchanger
Temperature, C, Inlet, T1
Temperature, C, Outlet,

TI3(T1)/TIC3
TI4

T2
Pressure Drop, mm Water,

DPI

DP (Shell)
NOTE : The instruments are panel-mounted except for Pressure,
psig, Inlet to Heat Exchanger. TI3(T1)/TIC3 also acts as an
ON/OFF controller

to

direct

the CW

from the heat

exchanger EITHER back to T2 (Open TSV 3A/Shut TSV 3B)


OR to the Drain (Shut TSV 3A/Open TSV 3B), depending on
the CW outlet temperature at TE3 (T1).

Instrumentation
1. Flowrates, USGPM
The flowrates of CW and HW can be read from the panel mounted
digital flow indicators, F1(C) and F1(H) respectively. These flowrates
are transmitted from their respective flowmeters FT (C) and FT (H).
The pumps should always be started with their respective by-pass
valves fully open. The flowrate required is then set by regulating its
by-pass valves, with the pump discharge valve remaining fully open.
All pumps suction valves must remain fully opened.

2. Temperature, C
Temperature rise in CW due to heating at the heat exchanger is read
from the difference between the CW outlet (TI4, T2) and inlet (TI3,
T1) temperatures.
Similarly, the temperature drop in HW is read from the difference
between the HW inlet (TI1,t1) and outlet temperature (TI2, t2)
temperatures.
The four temperatures are measured using Resistance Temperature
Detector (RTD) elements which are tagged as TE1, TE2, TE3 and
TE4. Their temperatures are displayed at the digital Temperature
Indicators (TI1, TI2, TI3 and TI4) respectively, all mounted at the
panel. T13 is tagged TI3(T1)/TIC3, denoting that TI3 also has
ON/OFF control (TIC3) capabailities.
For each RUN of experiment (corresponding to pre-selected
flowrates of CW, a few sets of temperature readings are to be taken
with changing t1/t2. Each set of temperature readings comprises
reading T1, T2, t1 and t2 simultaneously. The technique in getting
good results is to be able to read the changing T1, T2, t1 and t2
simultaneously, at almost steady-state conditions.
By taking a few sets of readings consecutively for each RUN, the
best set of readings can be selected to represent the RUN. The
criterion for selection is the heat balance test where heat gain QC
converges best to equal heat lost QH.

3. Pressure Drops, mm H2O : Pressure, psig


The pressure drop (DP) across the heat exchanger shell side is read
from the difference between the inlet and the outlet pressure of the
heat exchanger at its CW pipeline, measured using a Differential

Pressure Transmitter (DPT). The measured DP signal is transmitted


to the panel-mount indicator (DPI). The heat exchanger tube side
pressure drop is also measured using the same DPT and DPI. A DP
selector switch is provided at the panel to select one at a time, the
measurement and display of the two pressure drops at the shell and
tube sides, either DP (Shell) or DP (Tube) at the panel-mount DPI.
There is a pressure gauge PG-C to measure the CW pressure at the
inlet to the Shell-side of the heat exchanger.
There is a pressure gauge PG-H to measure the HW pressure at the
inlet to the Tube-side of the heat exchanger.
Further note that the various pressure drop tapping points are not
installed directly inside the heat exchanger inlet/outlet ports, to
avoid excessive turbulence. Note therefore that each measured
pressure drop is due to the heat exchanger, plus, those of its inlet
expansion and short pipe lengths include pipe elbows and tees
which also contribute to pressure drop.

(C)

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES
*Whenever the annunciator TAH3 is activated during the course of the
experiment, the red acknowledge button is pressed, to silence the
buzzer.
RUN 1 is carried out as follows : Step 1

All the pump suction valves (for PH, PC1, and PC2) are checked and

ensured to be fully opened all the time.


BVC2 is fully opened, whereas CV2 is fully shut, so that PC2 shall be
operated as a back-mixing pump for Tank T2, in the next experiment.

Any CW pumps (PC1, PC2) are yet to be switched on.


HV is fully shut and BVH is fully opened.
Pump PH is started to let HW circulate around the Tank T1, via only

BVH.
The heaters are started and TIC5 are noted. When the HW in Tank T1 is
almost 70C/158F (TIC5), HV fully opened. The HW flowrate is quickly

adjusted to about 25 USGPM by regulating its by-pass valve (BVH)


Both the CW pumps, PC1 and PC2, are switched on. The CW flowrate is

adjusted to about 10 USGPM by regulating its by-pass valve BVC1.


The DP Selector Switch is switched to the DP (shell) position.
Step 2

The first set of temperature and flowrate readings are taken, where ;
CW : Temperature - inlet/outlet, TI3(T1), TI4(T2)
: Flowrate
FC at FI(C)
HW : Temperature inlet/outlet, TI1(t1), TI2(t2) : Flowrate FH at
FI(H)
The CW inlet temperature (T1) is noted to increase gradually. The CW
outlet temperature (T2) varied together with the HW inlet/outlet
temperatures t1/t2. It is important that all the temperature and
flowrate readings be taken almost simultaneously.
CW : PG-C; DPI for DP (Shell) with the DP Selector Switch at the
DP (Shell) position.
HW : PG-H; DPI for DP (Tube) with the DP Selector Switch at the
DP (Tube) position.
In order to take the DP readings at DPI, the readings are left to wait till
they are fairly steady. Then the DP readings are taken at its highest
reading, just when it started to decrease.

The second and third sets of the above readings for RUN 1 are
continued to be taken consecutively. The last set of temperature
readings are taken when all the temperature are fairly ready.
Step 3

After the whole three sets of the above readings are taken, thus RUN 1
is completed.
All the CW pumps, PC1 and PC2, are stopped.
The heaters are kept ON, for the next RUN.
The discharge valve HV is to be fully closed whereas the by-pass valve
BVH is the fully opened, with the HW pump PH still running.
The DP Selector Switch Is switched to the equalizing (vertical or 0)
position.

Step 4
The above processes are repeated for RUN 2, 3, 4, and 5, however, at
different recommended nominal flowrates of CW.
In order to continue with the next RUN, the HW pump PH is checked to
be running with BVH fully opened but HV fully shut.
The heaters are still left ON, and the HW in Tank T1 is heated till the
temperature is almost 70C/158F.
Then, HV is fully opened. The HW flowrate is fully adjusted until FH at
FI (H) is almost at the recommended nominal flowrate for the RUN. This
is done by regulating the by-pass valve BVH with HV fully opened.

The CW pumps, PC1 and PC2, are started with CV1/BVC1/BVC2 fully
opened but only CV2 is fully shut. FC is noted to be FI (C).
The DP Selector Switch is switched to the DP (Shell) position.
Various readings are taken for the RUN according to each appropriate
RUN.
A RUN is ended after obtaining 3 sets of readings.
Then all CW pumps, PC1 and PC2, are stopped.
The DP Selector Switch is switched to the equalizing (vertical or 0)
position.
The HV is shut fully but BVH fully opened, with the HW pump, PH, and
the heaters are still ON.

SAMPLE CALCULATIONS (RUN IV)


PART I:
(i)Heat Load and Heat Balance
To convert USGPM (USG/min) to USGPM (lbm/hr)
Density of water
= 1000 kg/m3
Conversion of m3 to litre
= 1000 L
Conversion of USG/min to litre/min = 15.8508 USG/min
Conversion of lbm/hr to kg/hr= 3600 kg/hr

flowrate

USG
60 L /min
1 m 3 60 min 7936.63 lbm/hr

min 15.8508USG /min 1000 L


hr
3600 kg/hr

For Run IV Set 1

Cool water

11.2

USG
60 L /min
1m 3 60 min 7936.63 lbm/hr

min 15.8508 USG/min 1000 L


hr
3600 kg/hr

= 5607.94 lbm/hr

Hot water

10.2

USG
60 L/min
1 m3
60 min 7936.63 lbm/hr

min 15.8508 USG /min 1000 L


hr
3600 kg /hr

= 5107.23 lbm/hr
To convert temperature (C) to temperature (F)

9
+ 32
5
For Run IV Set 1

Cool water

T1 =

9
40.4 +32
5

= 104.72 F
T2 =

9
54.3 +32
5

= 129.74 F

Hot water

t1 =

9
68.0 + 32
5

= 154.40 F
t2 =

9
56.3 +32
5

= 133.34 F

To calculate heat load for QC and QH

Specific heat capacity of water

= 4.187 kJ/kg.K

= 1 BTU/lbm. F

For Run IV Set 1

QH

lbm
BTU
=FH (
specific heat (
( t 1t 2 )
( BTU
)
)
hr
hr
lbm . )

5107.23

BTU
1 (
( 154.40133.34 )
( lbm
)
hr
lbm. )

= 107558.26 BTU/hr

QC

lbm
BTU
=FH (
specific heat (
( T 2T 1 )
( BTU
)
)
hr
hr
lbm. )

5607.94

BTU
1 (
(129.74104.72 )
( lbm
)
hr
lbm . )

= 140310.66 BTU/hr

To calculate QC/QH

QC 140310.66
=
QH 107558.26
= 1.3045

All the calculations are repeated for Run IV Set 2 and Set 3. The results are recorded
in the table below.

RUN IV

Set 1

Set 2*
(selected
for further

Actual

Actual

Temperat

Flow

Flow

ure

(USGPM)

(lbm/hr)

( )

CW

11.2

5607.94

T1 = 104.72

140310.6

HW

10.2

5107.23

T2 = 129.74
t1 = 154.40

6
-

107558.2

108153.1

6
-

8
-

101952.3

CW

12.0

6008.51

t2 = 133.34
T1 = 105.08

HW

10.1

5057.16

T2 = 123.08
t1 = 146.48

QC

BTU
(BTU
)
(
hr
hr )

t2 = 126.32

calculatio

QH

QC
QH

1.3045

1.0608

n)

Set 3

CW

12.0

6008.51

T1 = 104.00

99500.93

HW

10.1

5057.16

T2 = 120.56
t1 = 142.34

93759.75

t2 = 123.80

(ii)LMTD
Using values from Run IV Set 2

LMTD=

LMTD =

( t 1T 2 )( t 2T 1)
(t 1T 2)
ln
(t 2T 1)
(146.48-123.08 ) -(126.32-105.08)
(146.48-123.08)
ln
(126.32-105.08)

LMTD = 22.16F

1.0612

To find LMTD correction factor, FT

(T 1T 2)
(t 2t 1)

R=

R=

(105.08123.08)
( 126.32146.48)

R = 0.8929

S=

(t 2t 1)
(T 1t 1)

S=

(126.32146.48)
(105.08146.48)

S = 0.4870
From the graph, *KERN Figure 18, FT = 0.862

Corrected LMTD
FT LMTD
= 0.862 22.16
= 19.10 F

(iii)To calculate overall heat transfer coefficient, U

Heat transfer area of the heat exchanger, A = 31.50 ft 2

BTU
1
1
=Q (

( hr .BTU
)
)
ft 2. F
hr
A(ft 2) FT LMTD ()

BTU
1
1
=105052.77 (

( hr .BTU
ft 2. F )
hr ) 31.50(ft 2) 19.10( )

U = 174.5902 BTU/hr.ft2.F

Part II:
Reynolds number, Re (s) for shell side cool water (CW)

Pitch, PT
= 0.81 ft
Outer diameter of tube, do
= 0.625 ft

4
Dimension, de

4
=

PT
do
0.86 PT
2
8
do
2

)
2

(0.625)
0.81
(0.86 0.81)
2
8
( 0.625)
2

= 0.5245 ft
De

dimension , d e
ft
number of tubeinside shell

0.5245
12

= 0.0437 ft
Shell area, As

=
=

Shell ID Cleareance Baffle space


PT 144

6.065 0.19 3} over {0.81 144

= 0.029 ft2

= Viscosity, taken at the average fluid temperature in the shell,

lbm
ft . hr

Values are taken from table viscosity of liquid water pg 960 transport processes and
separation process geankoplis. To calculate the viscosity at each of the average
temperature, interpolation needs to be made:
Cold water:

4445.6
0.0006097
=
4446 0.00060970.0005883
=0.00059258

Unit needed is

kg
m. s
lbm
ft . hr

so X unit is converted

=0.00059258

kg 2.20463 lbm
1m
60 s 60 min

m. s
kg
3.2808 ft min
1 hr
=1.4335

lbm
ft . hr

Hot Water:

=0.0004832

kg
m. s

Unit needed is

lbm
ft . hr

so X unit is converted

=0.0004832

kg 2.20463 lbm
1m
60 s 60 min

m. s
kg
3.2808 ft min
1 hr
=1.1689

lbm
ft . hr

Gs

lbm
Ws

2
(
As
hr . f t

To calculate Reynolds number for shell, Re(s) and tube, Re(t) parts
Only first calculation is shown, repeat the same steps for other data:
Shell-side Re(s) for Cool Water
Re (s)

De . Gs

lbm
(
hr )
=
lbm
(0.029 f t )(1. 4335
ft . h r )

De . Ws
As .

( 0.0437 ft ) 6008.51

Re (s)

6316.1514

Tube-side Re(t) for Hot Water


D

= Tube ID

= 0.04125ft

= Viscosity, taken at the average fluid temperature in the tube,

lbm
Wt

At ( hr . f t 2

Gt

Wt

= Flow rate in lbm/hr

At

Nos of tubes X Flow area per tube


Nos of tube passes

32 0.1924 2

ft
2
144

= 0.02139 ft2

lbm
ft hr

D .>

D. Wt

=
(average) At .

Re(t)

Re(t)

lbm
)
hr
=
( 0.02139 ft 2 ) (1.1689 lbm )
ft .hr
( 0.04125 ft )(5057.16

= 8343.3892

PART III: HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT


INTERPOLATION transport processes and separation process geankoplis pg 967

100114.08
0.363k
=
100200
0.3630.393
k =0.36 72
To find film coefficient inside bundles of tube (h i) and outside (ho)
From Kern Figure 28, at Re(s) = 6316.1514, jH= 42

ho . De C p
jH =
k
k

1 /3

0.14

( ) ( )

btu
lbm
1
1.4335
ho(0.0437 ft)
lbm .
ft .h
42=
btu
btu
0.36 72
0.3672
h. ft .
h . ft .

ho = 561.5813

hi. D C p
jH =
k
k

1/ 3

0.14

( ) ( )

1 /3

)(

lbm
1. 4335
ft . h
lbm
1.329
ft . h

0.14

hi( 0.04125) 1(1.4335)


34=
0.3672
0.3672

1 /3

) (

1. 4335
1.329

0.14

hi = 594.9358

Film Coefficient Between Bundles of tube

hio=hi

ID
0.04125
=594.9358
=561.5813
OD
0.0437

Clean Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

U C=

hio ho 561.5813 561.5813


=
=280.7907
hio+ ho 561.5813+561.5813

The calculations are repeated for hot water using the following data:
From Kern Figure 28, at Re(s) = 6316.1514, jH= 52
K = 0.3739

= 1.1689
To obtain:
Ho = 638.9904
Hi = 676.9426
Hio = 638.9904
Uc = 319.4952

Uc avg =

U CCW U c HW
2

Dirt or Fouling Factor

Rd=

U C avgU D 355.619314.5644
=
=0.06585
U C av g U D 355.6193 14.5644

Table: Calculation of Head Load,LMTD, and U from PART I


RUN
I
II
III
IV
V

QC
BTU/hr

QH
BTU/hr

0.5(QC+QH)
BTU/hr

LMTD x FT
F

U
BTU/hr.ft2.F

RESULTS
Table 1 : RUN I
RUN I

Set
CW
FC : 10
FC : 10.4
T1 : 27.9

1
HW
FH : 25
FH : 25.5
t1 : 63.7

CW
10
10.5
28.6

HW
25
25.5
52.7

CW
10
10.5
30.4

HW
25
25.4
48.4

T2 : 53.2

t2 : 54.7

44.8

46.9

42.2

44.1

,Outlet
Pressure, psig,

PG-C: 11

PG-H: 13

11

13

11

13

Inlet

DP: 1074

DP: 4449

1073

4406

1096

4418

(Shell)

(Tube)
16.2

5.8

9.8

4.5

36.7

49.8

37.3

46.35

153306.

133298.

111668.

98437.

92

61

01

28

Nominal Flow,
USGPM
Actual Flow,

Set 2

Set 3

USGPM
Temp,

,Inlet
Temp,

Pressure Drop,
mmH2O
Temp Change,

T2-T1:

Q, Head Load,
BTU/HR

t1+t2
:
2

25.3

T2+T1
2

Average Temp,

t1-t2: 9

59.2

: 40.6

QH:

QC:

206842.6

237143.5

5
Compute ratio

1.1465

1.1501

1.1344

Set 1 is not selected

Set 2 is not

Set 3 is selected

QC
QH
Select Set 1 or Set
2 or Set 3, based
on the best
convergence of QC
and QH
For Selected Set,

selected

compute

105052.65

0.5(QC+QH),
BTU/HR

Table 2 : RUN II
RUN II

Set 1

Set 2

Set 3

Nominal Flow,

CW
10

HW
20

CW
10

HW
20

CW
10

HW
20

USGPM

9.8

20.4

9.8

20.3

9.9

20.2

Actual Flow,

32.6

66.0

34.0

57.6

35.6

54.6

USGPM

55.2

56.7

49.4

50.9

47.5

49.1

11

11

11

960

2750

966

2769

980

2753

22.6

9.3

15.4

6.7

11.9

5.5

43.9

61.0

41.7

108.5

41.55

51.85

11612.69

170990.2

136020.

122582.

106176.

100131.

65

54

37

77

Temp,

,Inlet
Temp,

,Outlet
Pressure, psig,
Inlet
Pressure Drop,
mmH2O
Temp Change,

/
Average Temp,

/
Q, Head Load,
BTU/HR
Compute ratio

0.0679

1.1096

1.0604

QC
QH
Select Set 1 or Set
2 or Set 3, based

Set 1 is not selected

on the best

Set 2 is not

Set 3 is selected

selected

convergence of
QC and QH
For Selected Set,
compute

103154.07

0.5(QC+QH),
BTU/HR

Table 3 : RUN III


RUN III

Set 1

Set 2

Set 3

Nominal Flow,

CW
10

HW
15

CW
10

HW
15

CW
10

HW
15

USGPM

9.7

14.5

9.8

14.9

9.8

14.9

Actual Flow,

37.1

66.6

38.5

60.2

39.1

59.0

USGPM

56.0

57.6

51.1

52.6

50.4

51.8

Temp,

,Inlet
Temp,
,Outlet

Pressure, psig,
Inlet

11

4.6

11

4.6

11

4.6

880

1422

875

1409

902

1392

18.9

12.6

7.6

11.3

7.2

46.55

62.1

44.8

56.4

44.75

55.4

165230.8

117616.4

111289.

102060.

111289.

102060.

47

41

47

41

Pressure Drop,
mH2O
Temp Change,

/
Average Temp,

/
Q, Head Load,
BTU/HR
Compute ratio

1.4048

1.0904

1.0904

Set 1 is not selected

Set 2 is selected

Set 3 is not

QC
QH
Select Set 1 or Set
2 or Set 3, based
on the best

selected

convergence of
QC and QH
For Selected Set,
compute
0.5(QC+QH),
BTU/HR

106674.94

Table 4 : RUN IV
RUN IV

Set 1

Set 2

Set 3

Nominal Flow,

CW
10

HW
10

CW
10

HW
10

CW
10

HW
10

USGPM

11.2

10.2

12.0

10.1

12.0

10.1

Actual Flow,

40.4

68.0

40.6

63.6

40.0

61.3

USGPM

54.3

56.3

50.6

52.4

49.2

51.0

10

10

10

1156

492

1185

525

1171

524

13.9

11.7

10

11.2

9.2

10.3

47.4

62.2

45.6

58.0

44.6

56.2

140310.6

107558.2

108153.

101952.

99500.9

93759.

18

35

75

Temp,

,Inlet
Temp,

,Outlet
Pressure, psig,
Inlet
Pressure Drop,
mmH2O
Temp Change,

/
Average Temp,

/
Q, Head Load,
BTU/HR
Compute ratio

1.3045

1.0608

1.0612

Set 1 is not selected

Set 2 is selected

Set 3 is not

QC
QH
Select Set 1 or Set
2 or Set 3, based
on the best
convergence of QC
and QH
For Selected Set,

selected

compute

105052.77

0.5(QC+QH),
BTU/HR

Table 5 : RUN V
RUN V

Set 1

Set 2

Set 3

Nominal Flow,

CW
6

HW
10

CW
6

HW
10

CW
6

HW
10

USGPM

11.2

8.6

12.1

9.6

10.8

9.6

Actual Flow,

38.4

68.2

38.0

64.2

38.1

61.5

USGPM

54.2

55.5

49.2

51.2

48.6

50.3

,Outlet
Pressure, psig,

19.8

1.8

19.8

1.8

19.8

1.8

Inlet

1122

445

954

490

958

480

15.8

12.7

11.2

13.0

10.5

11.2

46.3

61.9

43.6

57.7

43.4

55.9

159489.8

98437.45

122140.

112479.

102204.

96905.

97

35

77

29

Temp,

,Inlet
Temp,

Pressure Drop,
mmH2O
Temp Change,

/
Average Temp,

/
Q, Head Load,

BTU/HR
Compute ratio

1.6202

1.0590

1.0545

Set 1 is not selected

Set 2 is not

Set 3 is selected

QC
QH
Select Set 1 or Set
2 or Set 3, based
on the best

selected

convergence of QC
and QH
For Selected Set,
compute
0.5(QC+QH),
BTU/HR

99555.03

Run

Actual
Flow

PART II:
Reynolds number

BTU
Hr ft 2

USGP
M

I
Set
3
II
Set
3
III
Set
2
IV
Set
2
V
Set
3

FC:
FH:

Re(s)

Re(t)

FC10.5
:
FH:25.
4
FC:
9.9
FH:
0.2
FC:
9.8
FH:
4.9
FC:12.
0
FH:10.
1
FC:10.
8
FH:9.6

4741.0732

17410.0000

4843.5458

15133.1952

PART IV: Pressure drop

PART III: Heat transfer coefficient

ho

SHELL SIDE
mmH2O

Hr ft
BTU

hio

Uc

512.405

485.6731

242.823

791.9426

791.9426

8
395.9713

469.4187

383.7117

211.13

1927.6888

1926.3998

963.5220

512.405

512.406

274.1216

874.2340

874.2340

437.1170

561.5813

561.5813

280.7907

638.9904

638.9904

319.4952

UD

364.08

Rd

0.005878

Calculate
d

Measur
ed

397.6478 1096

Measure
d and
Correcte
d

728.38

TUBE SIDE
mmH2O
Calculate
d

Measur
ed

262.9881 4418

Measure
d and
correcte
d

1705.0
0

54590.58

-1.6842x10-3

22.9797

980

643.13

160.172

2753

77.64

1409

1039.42

5085.1081

12 005.5645

14.5644

0.06585

353.1749

875

543.25

111.887
5

6316.1514

8343.3892

174.5902

0.002396

435.4942

1185

695.80

116.5019

525

-6.58

0.003494

365.125

958

557.12

106.716

480

11.10

5437.59

5990.212

835.997

835.997

417.999

166.600

79

9
758.880
1

9
758.880
1

0
379.440
1

Sample calculation:To calculate the measured and calculated for shell side of run III (set 2),
FC: 9.8 USGPM,
Interpolate the value from table below:

For shell side,

109.8
106

342x
342137

X= 331.7500

For Tube side,

1514.9
1510

Y= 1039.42

1050Y
1050521

DISCUSSION
CONCLUSION
RECOMMENDATIONS
REFERENCES
APPENDICES