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1245

A Novel Tuning Structure for Bandstop Filter


Yun Liu1,2, Li YU2, Wenbin Doul
Department of Radio Engineering, Southeast University, 210096 Nanjing, China
2, Saigew Microwave Co., Ltd. 210016 Nanjing, China
1,

Abstract: This paper gives a novel


structure design for bandstop filter. In narrow
bandstop filter design, reactance slope is very
critical and sensitive to the response, so we
need to design suitable L and C which will
resonate on the needed frequency and
reactance slope. This structure can help to tune
both the L and C of the coaxial cavities which
are connected to the main line, so the tuning
of reactance slope is possible, which makes

the filter tuning easier.

Keywords: coaxial bandstop filter, reactance


slope

I INTRODUCTION
Band stop filters are widely used in tests
and experiments of communication systems.
Two main design methods are described in the
literature[1][2][3][4][5], one is the so-called
exact design, the configurations of which
include a form having open-circuited shunt
stubs seperated by lengths of lines[1][4];
another method uses resonators which are
seperate from the main line but parallel to
it[2].The first has no limitation of bandwidth,
the second is always a narrow case.
In the second method, a very critical
design is the reactance slope of the resonator,
which is affected by the L and C. [2] described
a capacitive coupled bandstop filter, in which
the L and C of every resonator is always fixed
after
installation.
the
Considering
manufacturing tolerance, the production of

0-7803-9542-5/06/$20.00 2006 IEEE

this kind of filters will need much troublesome


adjustment. This paper provides another kind
of tuning method with screws, which has the
ability of continuous tuning for both L and C.
By adopting this method, the tuning of
bandstop filters will be as easy as cavity
bandpass filters.
In section II, the design method is
described, In section III, the conclusion is
given.

II METHOD and STRUCTURE


Bandstop filter design begins from the
lowpass prototype which contains J inverters
and shunted capacitors as shown in fig 1. With
a transformation from lowpass to bandstop[3],
we get the bandstop circuit in fig 2, where the
L and C of each serial resonator are:
1
Lk=
Lk I+pa

(1)

Ck

c0

(2)

(3)

(OOWONCak

W=Cak

Xk =

WWlCak

Here W is the relative bandwidth of stop

band, and Xk is the reactance slope of k th


resonator. With an algorithm of setting Cak,

the 1/4 X sections can have the impedance of


about 50 Q.
It must be mentioned here, the bandwidth

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Fig 1: Lowpass Prototype

90.0

it

-_

--

v- -

Ay

Fig 2: Bandstop Filter Circuit


of the stop band is quite relative to the
reactance slope of each resonator. So only
tuning the fO of each cavity is not enough, we
must carefully tune both L and C to make the
Xk correct. Design in [2] looks hard to tune

the L or C.
In our design, we adopt coaxial cavities.
As to the capacitive shunt stub coaxial cavity,
we have[3]:

X = -Zb
2

F((o)

(4)

F(9)=9sec29+tan9

(5)

where Zb is the characteristic impedance of the


coaxial line and (o is the electrical degree of
the shunt line. By using the two formulas we
can get the length of each shunt line.
As shown in figure 3, a cavity contains
two screws, the outer one is used to tune the
position of the ground plane; The inner and
Stub

Length(mm)

1
80.2

2
78.1

3
77.6

4
5
77.4 | 77.3

long screw in the center is the shunt stub. By


tuning the inner and outer screws, we can
change the stub length and the distance
between the end disk and the main stripline.
This configuration makes it possible to tune
the L and C conveniently because screws can
realize continuous tuning of length.
A design example of 870-880MHz
bandstop filter of 12 order is described below:
The mainline impedance is 47.7 The
diameter of the cavity is 12mm, and diameter
of the stub is 4mm. Lengths of all stubs are
shown in table 1. Diameter of disk C is 7mm.
Figure 4 shows the internal structure of
the bandstop filter.
By using the structure, the filter can be
well tuned in several minutes. Figure 5 shows
band rejection up to more than 70dB.
Q.

I77.3

7
77.3

8
77.3

Table 1: Length of shunt stub for each cavity

9
77.4

10
77.6

11
78. 1

12
80.2

1247

In ner
Screw

Main,
Line

Fig 3: The Tuning Structure of the Coaxial Cavity


I

X4

Fig 4: Bandstop Filter Structure

III CONCLUSION
A novel tuning structure for coaxial
cavity bandstop filter is presented in this paper.
Using it, one can simultaneously tune both the
L and C of a cavity. An example design is
given. High in-band rejection and sharp
transition slope have proved the design is
suitable. The tuning of this kind of filter is
easy and convenient.
References:

[1] B.M.Schiffman, G.L.Matthaei, "Exact


Design of Band-stop Microwave Filters",
IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,
Vol.MTT- 12, pp 6-15, Nov, 1972
[2] H.C.Bell, "L-Resonator Bandstop Filters",
IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,
Vol.MTT-44, pp 2669-2672, Dec, 1996
[3] G.Mattaei, L.Yong, E.Jones, "Microwave
Filters, Impedance-Matching Networks, and
Coupling Structures". NewYork: McGraw Hill,
1964, Section 12.
[4] H.C.Bell, "Narrow Bandstop Filters",

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IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,


Vol.MTT-39, pp 2188-2191, Dec, 1991
[5] R.V.Snyder, "A Compact High Power

Cil

Si

ml

LOG
LOG

REF
1e dB/
dB/ REF
10

dB

0 dB

Notch Filter with Adjustable FO and


Bandwidth", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory
Tech., Vol.MTT-42, pp 1402-1403, July, 1994

5'=-208082 dB
5:-.46530 dB

5:-20.596 dB

SO.00
0f MHz

*.. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~. . . . . . . . ...
8

~~~HIMPdOer

LH4 Mar~k rs
1:._ 1.4015 dB
87M11.00 MHz
2:- 8906 dB

lCor

88O.000 MH2

ICo

3:-21;609 dB

..16.

860;000 MHi

4:-ii.25 dB

890;000 MHz

t
t
CENTER 850.000 0@0 MHz

SPAN 100.000

000

Fig 5: Measured response of a CDMA Bandstop filter

MHz