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LNG and Low

Temperature Gas Storage

www.oerlikon-welding.com

OERLIKON Welding Solutions for LNG


and Low Temperature Gas Storage

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
OERLIKON Solutions for LNG and Low Temperature Gas Storage . . . 3

Consumables
LNG Onshore storage
Background and Construction Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 to 6
Fabrication Guidelines - Welding Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 to 9
OERLIKON consumables selection
Summary of Welding Consumables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 to 11
Classification Society Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 to 13
Product Focus: Welding Consumables for Low Alloy
Ferritic steels for low temperature service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Other Gas Storage and Low Temperature Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Propane
Acetylene
Argon
Ammonia
Carbon Dioxide
Oxygen
Ethane
Ethylene
Associated stainless steel applications
Consumables Packaging

...............................

16

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

Arc Equipment
MIG/MAG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 to 19
TIG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
MMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Plasma Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Automation
Automatic Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Automatic Cutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Personal Protection Equipment, PPE


and Workplace Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Conversion Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 to 28
Welding Positions

..................................................

29
1

Introduction
Air Liquide SA, with its headquarters in Paris, France,
is one of Europes larger multinational companies
with a consolidated turnover of 15.2 billion in 2013.

Air Liquide Welding is represented throughout the world by


individual companies with a brand portfolio optimised locally
to the needs of all types of customers. OERLIKON brand
is an important part of this portfolio and has a long and
distinguished history of innovation in welding products.
These Air Liquide Welding companies are involved in many
different areas of OERLIKON product design, development
and application. Organised in Poles of Excellence, our Research
& Development & Industrialisation teams are located in 3
manufacturing units in Due Carrare (Italy), Pont-Sainte-Maxence
(France) and Eisenberg (Germany).
This facilitates the rapid transfer and implementation of
important innovations and advances in welding technology
throughout the whole of the OERLIKON global network.
The utilisation of the strengths and experience of this network
enables OERLIKON to maintain its position and international
reputation for innovative leadership at the forefront of advanced

welding technology in both welding consumables and


increasingly equipment and processes.
With this background, OERLIKON has generated a proven
history of supplying welding consumables on an ongoing basis
for the most demanding and critical cryogenic applications
such as LNG storage and for applications requiring high levels
of fracture toughness at low temperatures.
OERLIKON has continued to work closely with owners,
construction contractors and fabricators to supply customised
solutions through performance and innovation by developing
and supplying welding consumables and processes capable of
meeting the stringent mechanical property specifications and
increasingly the demands for enhanced welding productivity.
OERLIKON welding consumables are now accompanied
by extensive ranges of high quality arc welding and cutting
equipment, manual through to fully automated installations,
flame and workplace products.

OERLIKON Welding Solutions


for LNG and Low Temperature Gas Storage

The value of international expertise:

Quality

Flexibility

OERLIKON has a total commitment to quality. The product ranges


are manufactured in group production facilities, all of which are ISO
certified. Detailed certification for welding consumables is supplied
as a matter of routine and customers special quality requirements
for increased frequency of batch testing or specialised certification
are also readily accommodated. Large single batches of welding
consumables, with specialised testing, are regularly supplied to
customers fabricating LNG storage tanks.

The OERLIKON product range is continuously developing in


response to changing technological requirements. For example,
as new steel types are developed and used, as new more
demanding applications are developed, so OERLIKON reacts
to provide the right products, regularly meeting engineering
departments and major manufacturers at the design stage to
ensure optimum welding solutions.

Technical Service

All OERLIKON products are backed by a full technical information


package, which is available in printed or electronic format, on the
OERLIKON web sites. Product information is written to enable the
professional welding engineer to select the correct OERLIKON
product for the application. In order to elaborate the technology of
the product range in more detail, technical articles are available in the
journal of OERLIKONs welding and cutting expertise, Competence.

OERLIKONs involvement with its products does not stop at


manufacture. OERLIKON provides a close and detailed participation
with the application of products, right from the initial selection to
welding characteristics on site. A team of highly qualified engineers
is ready to respond, with the objective of providing technologically
relevant and practical solutions. For technically demanding
applications, please consult OERLIKON Technical service. A large
information base is at the service of every customer to ensure the
most cost effective selection of process and welding procedure to
meet the needs of any application.
Steel Type
Fine Grained
C/Mn steel
0.5% Ni
1.5% Ni steel

Specification
of BM
EN10028-3
P460NL2
EN 10028-4
11MnNi5-3
13MnNi6-3
EN10028-4
15NiMn6

Min service
temperature C

Process /
product stored
Ammonia,
Propane (LPG)

-50 C
-60 C
-60 C /
-80 C
-60 C /
-80 C

Information

Track Record
OERLIKON is a technological innovator and major supplier of
welding products to large industries. A track record of highly
successful products combining quality and technology with
technical service has been firmly established.

LPG, Propylene
Ammonia, Propane

2.5% Ni steel

ASTM A203 Gr.B

Ammonia, Propane

3.5% Ni steel

ASTM A203 Gr.E-F


EN 10028-4 12Ni14

-101 C

Carbon dioxide,
Acetylene, Ethane

5% Ni steel

EN 10028-4 X12Ni5

-120 C

Ethylene (LEG)

9% Ni steel

A353/A553
EN 10028-4 X8Ni9

-196 C

Austenitic
Stainless steel

304L, 316L

-273 C

Methane (LNG),
Oxygen, Argon
Nitrogen,
Hydrogen, Helium

For details of the complete product range,


consult www.oerlikon-welding.com

2010-807

Demand the Welding Expertise

LNG Onshore Storage:


Background and Construction Considerations
Natural gas represents a significant part of total world energy
consumption, driven by both economic & ecological advantages.
The reserves of natural gas are generally remote from the points
of consumption, leading to major investments in transportation
and storage.

Natural gas cooled to -162 C at atmospheric pressure


condenses to a liquid known as liquid natural gas or LNG.
LNG is an efficient route for transportation and storage as the
liquid gas occupies ~1/600th the volume of natural gas.

9%Ni steel specifications and a summary of mechanical


properties are shown below:
Specification

Material selection for LNG large storage tanks


Material dedicated for storage & transportation of natural gas
at cryogenic temperatures should have high ductility and
resistance to cracking.
For economic reasons, a high strength steel grade is required in
order to reduce the section thicknesses and hence the weight
of steel sections when building cryogenic storage tanks.

2010-808

9%nickel steel is selected, in place of stainless steels, due to


the combination of high strength and reliable fracture toughness
at -196 C. Due to the combination of a low carbon content and
low levels of impurity elements with a process route including
heat treatment cycles such as quenching or normalising followed
by a tempering treatment, 9%Ni steel retains reliable mechanical
properties at cryogenic temperatures.

9% Ni
steel

Yield
Strength

Tensile
Strength

CVN
at -196 C

A 553

> 585 MPa 690-825 MPa

> 20%

> 34 J

A 353

> 515 MPa 690-825 MPa

> 20%

> 34 J

> 585 MPa 680-820 MPa

> 18%

> 70 J

> 585 MPa 680-820 MPa

> 18%

> 100 J

EN 10028-4
X8Ni9
EN 10028-4
X7Ni9

There are several types and designs of onshore tanks for the
storage of LNG, designed for single, double or full containment
in case of fire, or an in-ground system may be used, selected as
appropriate for the surroundings of the tank. These LNG tanks
are large structures, typically approximately 80 m diameter and
40 m in height containing ~150,000 m3 of LNG, comprising an
inner 9%Ni tank contained within an outer structural steel vapour
barrier, with an insulated cavity in between, within the
slip-formed concrete tank. Design studies are
in progress to confirm the possibilities of
larger onshore cryogenic tanks with
a useable capacity of up to
300,000 m3 of LNG.
During fabrication of an onshore
LNG tank, the dome roof is
fabricated inside the structure and
on completion is raised to the top.
The plate thicknesses of the tank
vary to accommodate the
hydrostatic loading from the liquid
gas, tapering from typically 27 mm
at the bottom to 10 mm at the top
of the tank.

Elongation

9%Ni steels are easily and strongly magnetised, consequently


arc blow caused by residual magnetism is a consideration.
OERLIKON welding consumables for fabricating 9%Ni steels
are designed for operation on alternating current with all power
source technologies.

The fabrication sequence is to weld the horizontal seams in the


PC position using the submerged arc process with AC polarity,
simultaneously from both sides, with either OERLIKON OP 76/
NIFIL 625 or OP F77/ NIFIL C276. The vertical and overhead
seams, PE and PG positions respectively, are welded using the
manual metal arc process with OERLIKON FREEZAL ENi9 with
AC polarity. In these section thicknesses a low pre-heat only of
+10 C may be required as there are large quantities of
austenite in the plate microstructure and therefore the
susceptibility to hydrogen, cold, cracking is inherently low.
The maximum interpass temperature used is generally 150 C.
These applications are further illustrated with the typical welding
procedures shown on pp 7 to 9.

ALUFIL AlMg4.5Mn and ALUROD AlMg4.5Mn are 5183 grade


aluminium alloy MIG wire and TIG rod respectively used
for welding 5083, and similar alloy grades, where a combination
of corrosion resistance with high joint strength and toughness
are required.
Within an LNG import terminal and regasification plant there is
associated pipe work, which is typically fabricated in 300 series
stainless steels with expansion loops to accommodate the high
coefficient of thermal expansion. Typically, 304L pipe is joined
using the MMA and TIG processes, for MMA, OERLIKON
BASINOX 308LT and for TIG, OERLIKON INERTROD 308L.
For dissimilar steel joints of 300 series stainless steels to
C-Mn pipe work, MMA OERLIKON BASINOX 309L and TIG
OERLIKON INERTROD 309L are preferred.

2010-810

Internally, below the dome roof is an insulated aluminium deck


fabricated in alloy 5083, welded using the MIG and TIG
processes with grade 5183 consumables. 5083 series wrought
aluminium alloys contain Mg as the major alloying element and
are used in LNG storage tanks for the
construction of walkways, due to the
combination of weight and
mechanical properties.

During fabrication using the MIG and TIG processes, attention


should be given to shielding gas purity and cleaning techniques.
The OERLIKON CITOWAVE power sources have special
operating modes used when welding aluminium alloys,
the Spray ModalTM and Cold Double PulseTM modes,
which reduce the risk of micro porosity, increase penetration
and minimise distortion when welding, see pages 18 & 19.

LNG Onshore Storage:


Background and Construction Considerations
OERLIKON is regularly involved in engineering programmes
to generate innovative solutions to new applications,in this
case resulting in specialist welding consumables designed
for the fabrication of 9%Ni steel.

OERLIKON Welding Consumables


for 9%Ni material
OERLIKON has developed welding solutions for 9%nickel steels
based on both matching and nickel alloy material solutions.
Currently, matching solutions are not considered for the
fabrication of large LNG storage tanks. 9%Ni matching solid
and OERLIKON FLUXOCORD SAW wires in combination with
the GTAW or PAW processes have demonstrated the ability
to achieve high levels of weld metal toughness and tensile
strength, however the levels of deposition efficiency are not
sufficient for the fabrication of large LNG storage tanks. When
post weld heat treatment is possible, the SAW process with
9%Ni matching consumables becomes an option.

Typical specification for weld metal mechanical properties:


Yield
Strength

Linear thermal expansion

> 430

-100
Test Temperature C

-50

> 690

> 35

> 70

0.30

Lateral
Expansion (%)
-196 C
> 0.38

OERLIKON Flux & Wire solutions


for SAW process

Comparison of thermal expansion for 9%Nickel steel and OERLIKON


consumables FREEZAL ENi9 & BASINOX 308 LT.

Stainless steel welding consumables are widely used for


cryogenic applications, e.g. INERTROD 308L, INERTFIL 308L,
BASINOX 308LT, but are not considered when fabricating large
tanks because of the risk of failure linked to the differential
coefficients of expansion in comparison to ASTM A 353/553
or EN 10028-4 X8Ni9 grades.

OERLIKON MMA electrode


The new OERLIKON FREEZAL ENi9 electrode is a nickel base
MMA electrode designed to deposit weld metal with a
coefficient of expansion which is close to the 9%Ni steel used
for large LNG storage tanks.
6

Tensile
Elon- ISO-V (J) CTOD (mm)
Strength gation -196 C
-196 C

which is achieved using the new OERLIKON consumables:

BASINOX 308 LT
FREEZAL ENi9
EN 10028-4 X8Ni9
-150

The coating design and use of specialist raw materials reduces the
level of residual and impurity elements responsible for hot cracking,
FREEZAL ENi9 satisfies all stringent hot cracking tests, such as
Varestrain.
OERLIKON FREEZAL ENi9 has a deposition efficiency of 150%
enabling high levels of MMA productivity during fabrication in all
welding positions. OERLIKON VPMD packaging ensures these
electrodes are ready for use during on site storage tank construction.

Large cryogenic storage tanks are subject to expansion and


contraction in service. The selection of welding consumables
is related to the capacity to limit the stress concentration in
the weld metal responsible for thermal fatigue. Therefore,
non matching welding consumables should be selected with
an expansion coefficient as close to 9%Ni steel as possible.
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
-200

FREEZAL ENi9 has optimised mechanical properties, ductility and


elongation, meeting the most stringent CTOD specifications with safe
and reliable levels of lateral expansion required down to -196 C.

OP 76 is a agglomerated fluoride basic type submerged arc flux


with a Boniszewski basicity index of 2.7. The high basicity index will
provide a hot crack free weld metal. The metallurgical behaviour
with respect to carbon, manganese and silicon is neutral. OP 76 is
used in combination with NIFIL 625 solid wire for welding 9%Ni
steel for as welded applications, typically in the PC or 2G position.
Stable operation on AC polarity, the weld deposit has a high
resistance to hot cracking and excellent cryogenic weld metal
fracture toughness.
OP F77 is a fused calcium silicate type submerged arc flux with a
Boniszewski basicity index of 1.3. Especially designed by OERLIKON
to give the best operating condition in the horizontal position, welding
both sides simultaneously. The metallurgical behaviour with respect
to silicon is neutral and manganese is reduced. Used in combination
with NIFIL C276 solid wire for welding 9%Ni steel for as welded
applications, this combination is optimised for welding in the PC or
2G position with excellent slag removal. Stable operation on AC
polarity, the weld deposit has a high resistance to hot cracking
validated by Varestrain testing and excellent cryogenic weld metal
fracture toughness. OP F77 is ideal for tank construction because of
its non hygroscopic properties.
Both SAW solutions fullfill the most stringent engineering specification
in terms of CTOD and lateral expansion at -196 C and hot cracking
sensitivity testing.

Fabrication Guidelines: Welding Procedure


Base Metal: EN 10028-4: X7Ni9
Thickness: 17.2 mm
Preheat: 20 C
Interpass: Maximum 150 C
1

2 to 3

Welding Process

Run

SMAW

SAW

Welding Technique

Manual

Automatic

Joint design

Welding
Welding Position

PC

PC

Travel Direction

Horizontal

Horizontal

Brand Name

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

Product Name
Filler Metals

AWS Classification
EN Classification

FREEZAL ENi9

NIFIL 625

E NiCrMo-6

E NiCrMo-3

E Ni 6620

S Ni 6625

2.5

1.6

Size (mm)
Brand Name

45
45

1-2 mm

OERLIKON

Product Name

17.2 mm

OP 76

SAW Flux

Pass
Sequence

AWS Classification
EN Classification

SA FB 2 55 AC H5

Current Type
Current Polarity
Amps (A)

Welding Parameter

Volts (V)
Travel Speed
(cm/min)

2 mm

15

AC

DC

95

250

23

27

10-15

40-43

8
13

6
5

10 12
11
9

Base Metal: EN 10028-4: X8Ni9


Thickness: 16.5 mm
Preheat: 20 C
Interpass: Maximum 150 C
Joint design

Run

60

Type

2-3-4
7-8-9

ROOT

CAP

HOT

FILL

Welding Process

SMAW

SMAW

SMAW

SMAW

Welding Technique

Manual

Manual

Manual

Manual

PF

PF

PF

PF

Welding
Welding Position

2 mm

16 mm

Travel Direction

Vertical up

Vertical up

Vertical up

Vertical up

Brand Name

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

FREEZAL ENi9

FREEZAL ENi9

FREEZAL ENi9

FREEZAL ENi9

E NiCrMo-6

E NiCrMo-6

E NiCrMo-6

E NiCrMo-6

Product Name
SMAW
electrode

2.4 mm

EN Classification

Pass Sequence
2

5 after back
gouging

6
7

E Ni 6620

E Ni 6620

E Ni 6620

E Ni 6620

Size (mm)

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

Current Type

AC

AC

AC

AC

Current Polarity

4
1

AWS Classification

Welding
Parameter

Amps (A)

85-95

100-110

90-100

90-100

Volts (V)

21-24

21-24

21-24

21-24

Travel Speed
(cm/min)

8-12

15-18

8-12

10-15

Fabrication Guidelines: Welding Procedure


Base Metal: EN 10028-4: X8Ni9
Thickness: 12 mm
Preheat: 20 C
Interpass: Maximum 150 C
Joint design

Torch Angle - Front view

60
25

10
2 mm

12 mm

Pass Sequence

Torch Angle - Top view

25 C
4

15 mm
1

25 C

Run

Type

ROOT

HOT

CAP

CAP

Welding Process
Welding

Welding Technique
Welding Position
Travel Direction

SAW Wire

PC

PC

PC

PC

Horizontal

Horizontal

Horizontal

Horizontal

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

NIFIL C276

NIFIL C276

NIFIL C276

AWS Classification

ER NiCrMo-4

ER NiCrMo-4

ER NiCrMo-4

ER NiCrMo-4

S Ni 6276

S Ni 6276

S Ni 6276

S Ni 6276

2.4

2.4

2.4

2.4

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OP F77

OP F77

OP F77

OP F77

SF CS 2 65 AC H5

SF CS 2 65 AC H5

SF CS 2 65 AC H5

SF CS 2 65 AC H5

AC

AC

AC

AC

Amps (A)

330-350

340-360

300-320

310-330

Volts (V)

29-31

29-31

28-32

28-32

Travel Speed (cm/min)

36-40

36-40

55-65

55-65

Product Name
AWS Classification
EN Classification
Current Type
Current Polarity

SAW
Automatic

NIFIL C276

Brand Name

Note

SAW
Automatic

Product Name

Size (mm)

Welding Parameter

SAW
Automatic

Brand Name

EN Classification

SAW Flux

SAW
Automatic

Dual side welding. The root runs 1 and 2 are performed at the same time using a double side SAW welding equipment

Fabrication Guidelines: Welding Procedure


Base Metal: EN 10028-4: X8Ni9
Thickness: 25 mm
Preheat: 20 C
Interpass: Maximum 150 C
Joint design

Torch Angle - Front view

45
5
25

25

1-2 mm

20
5

2 mm

2 mm
25 mm

25 mm

Pass Sequence

Torch Angle - Top view

13
11
9

14
5

4 10

150 mm

25 C

Run

3-6

Type

ROOT

HOT

FILL

CAP

SAW

SAW

SAW

SAW

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

PC

PC

PC

PC

Horizontal

Horizontal

Horizontal

Horizontal

Welding Process
Welding

Welding Technique
Welding Position
Travel Direction

SAW Wire

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

Product Name

NIFIL C276

NIFIL C276

NIFIL C276

NIFIL C276

AWS Classification

ER NiCrMo-4

ER NiCrMo-4

ER NiCrMo-4

ER NiCrMo-4

S Ni 6276

S Ni 6276

S Ni 6276

S Ni 6276

2.4

2.4

2.4

2.4

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OERLIKON

OP F77

OP F77

OP F77

OP F77

SF CS 2 65 AC H5

SF CS 2 65 AC H5

SF CS 2 65 AC H5

SF CS 2 65 AC H5

AC

AC

AC

AC

Amps (A)

310-330

330-380

300-340

350-380

Volts (V)

28-32

29-31

28-32

28-32

Travel Speed (cm/min)

32-40

32-40

36-40

50-55

Size (mm)
Brand Name
Product Name
AWS Classification
EN Classification
Current Type
Current Polarity
Welding Parameter

Note

7 - 14

Brand Name

EN Classification

SAW Flux

25 C

6 12

The weld root runs 1 and 2 are performed separately, then simultaneously from 3 to 14

Summary of Welding Consumables


for LNG Storage 9%Ni Steel Applications
Selected OERLIKON Welding Consumables for LNG Tanks, Cryogenic and Low Temperature Installations.
All weld metal properties, as welded condition.
Type

AWS

9%Ni Steels
SMAW
SAW

EN

Shielding
Gas

Mn

Si

Ni

Rem

ISO-V -196 C
A5.11: ENiCrMo-6

14172:E Ni 6620

0.05

3.5

0.3

OP 76/NIFIL 625

Wire AWS A5.14: ER NiCrMo-3

Flux 760: SA FB 2 55 AC H5

0.03

0.3

0.3

60

OP F77/NIFIL C276

Wire AWS A5.14: ER NiCrMo-4

Flux 760: SF CS 2 65 AC H5

0.02

0.6

0.3

Rem

FREEZAL ENi9

GMAW

NIFIL 625

A5.14: ER NiCrMo-3

18274: S Ni 6625

I1/I3

0.025

0.4

0.3

Rem

GTAW

NIROD 625

A5.14: ER NiCrMo-3

18274: S Ni 6625

I1

0.025

0.4

0.3

Rem

OP 33/OE-20 16L

Flux 760: SA AF 2 54 DC
Wire 14343-A: S 20 16 3 Mn L

<0.015

0.4

16

OP F500/OE-20 16L

Flux 760: SA FB 2 53 AC
Wire 14343-A: S 20 16 3 Mn L

<0.015

0.4

16

GMAW

INERTFIL 20 16L

14343-A: G 20 16 3 Mn N L

M12,M13

0.02

0.9

17

GTAW

INERTROD 20 16L

14343-A: W 20 16 3 Mn N L

I1

0.02

0.9

17

TENAX 76C2L (OE-CRYO 87)

A5.5: E7016-C2L

2560-A: E 42 6 3Ni B 12 H5

0.03

0.5

0.2

3.5

FREEZAL ENi3

A5.5: E8018-C2

2560-A: E 46 6 3Ni B 32 H5

0.04

0.75

0.3

3.3

F8A15-F7P15 ENi3-Ni3

Flux EN 760: SA FB 1 55 AC H5

0.06

0.9

0.2

3.3

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni3

636-B: W55A 10 WN71

l1

0.08

0.8

0.5

3.5

TENAX 78C1L
(OE-CRYO 75H)

A5.5: E7018-C1L

2560-A: E 42 6 2Ni B 32 H5

0.04

0.5

0.3

2.3

5%Ni Steels

ISO-V -120 C

SAW

3.5%Ni Steels
SMAW

ISO-V -101 C

SAW

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni3

GTAW

CARBOROD Ni3

2.5%Ni Steels
SMAW

ISO-V from -80 C to -60 C

TENACITO 70B

A5.5: E8018-C1 H4

2560-A: E 46 6 2Ni B 42 H5

0.06

1.1

0.3

2.4

GMAW

CARBOFIL Ni2

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni2

14341-A: G 46 7 M G2Ni2

M21

0.07

0.8

0.4

2.3

GTAW

CARBOROD Ni2

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni2

636-A: W 46 9 M W2Ni2

l1

0.08

1.1

0.5

2.3

FCAW

FLUXOFIL 44

A5.29: E70T5 GM-JH4

17632-A: T 42 8 2Ni B M 2 H5

M21

0.05

0.8

0.2

2.4

SAW

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni2

A5.23: F7AP10 ENi2-Ni2

Flux EN 756: S 62 6 FB S2 Ni2

0.07

0.9

0.3

2.3

Low Temperature Structural Steels

SMAW

ISO-V from -60 C to -50 C

SUPERCITO 7018S

A5.1: E7018-1 H4

2560-A: E 42 5 B 32 H5

0.05

1.2

0.4

TENAX 35S

A5.1: E7018-1 H4

2560-A: E 42 5 B 32 H5

0.08

1.35

0.35

TENACITO R

A5.1: E7018-1 H4

2560-A: E 42 6 B 42 H5

0.06

1.5

0.3

TENACITO 38R

A5.5: E7018-G H4

2560-A: E 46 6 1Ni B 42 H5

0.06

1.3

0.4

0.95

A5.5: E7018-G

2560-A: E 46 6 1Ni B 32 H5

0.07

1.4

0.3

0.9

GMAW

CARBOFIL Ni1

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni1

14341-A: G 46 6 M G3Ni1

M21

0.07

0.8

0.4

0.9

GTAW

CARBOROD Ni1

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni1

636-A: W 46 6 M W3Ni1

l1

0.08

1.1

0.6

0.9

A5.29: E80T5 GC/GM-H4

17632-A: T 46 6 1Ni B C/M 2 H5

C1 / M21

0.05

1.1

0.2

CITOFLUX R82

A5.29: E81T1-Ni1M-H4

17632-A: T 46 5 1Ni P M 1 H5

M21

0.05

1.3

0.4

0.85

CITOFLUX R82 SR

TENAX 76S

FLUXOFIL 40
FCAW

SAW

A5.29: E81T1-Ni1M-H4

17632-A: T 46 6 1Ni P M 1 H5

M21

0.07

1.35

0.3

0.8

CITOFLUX M20

A5.18: E70C-6M H4

17632-A: T 46 6 Mn1Ni M M 1 H5

M21

0.05

1.45

0.9

0.8

CITOFLUX R550

A5.29: E91T1-GMH4

18276-A: T 55 5M 1,5Ni P M 1 H5

M21

0.06

0.3

1.5

OP 121TT(W)/OE-SD3

A5.17: F7A8-F7P8 EH12K

Flux EN 756: S 46 5 FB S3Si

0.07

1.6

0.3

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni1

A5.23: F7A8-F7P10-ENi1-Ni1

Flux EN 756: S 42 6 FB S2Ni1

0.05

0.98

0.3

0.85

Aluminium Alloy 5083


GMAW

ALUFIL AlMg 4.5Mn

A5.10: ER 5183

18273: S Al 5183

l1, I3

0.8

0.3

GTAW

ALUROD AlMg 4.5Mn

A5.10: ER 5183

18273: S Al 5183

l1, I3

0.8

0.3

Associated Stainless Steels


SMAW
GMAW
GTAW
FCAW
SAW

10

BASINOX 308LT

A5.4: 308L-15

1600: E 19 9 L B 12

<0.03

1.5

0.3

10

BASINOX 316LT

A5.4: 316L-15

1600: E 19 12 2 B 12

<0.03

1.5

0.3

12

INERTFIL 308L

A5.9: ER 308L

14343-A: G 19 9 L

M13

0.02

1.8

0.45

10

INERTFIL 316L

A5.9: ER 316L

14343-A: G 19 12 3 L

M13

0.02

1.4

0.45

12.5

INERTROD 308L

A5.9: ER 308L

14343-A: W 19 9 L

l1

0.02

1.8

0.45

10

INERTROD 316L

A5.9: ER 316L

14343-A: W 19 12 3 L

l1

0.02

1.4

0.45

12.5

FLUXINOX 308L-PF

A5.22: E308LT1-1/4

17633-A: T 19 9 L P C1/M1

C1/M21

<0.04

1.4

0.6

10

FLUXINOX 316L-PF

A5.22: E316LT1-1/4

17633-A: T 19 12 3 L P C1/M1

C1/M21

<0.04

1.4

0.6

12

OP 33/OE-308L

A5.9: ER 308L

Flux EN 760: SA AF 2 54 DC

<0.03

1.5

0.5

OP F500/OE-308L

A5.9: ER 308L

Flux EN 760: SA FB 2 53 AC

<0.03

1.6

0.5

9.5

Cr

Mo

Nb

Fe

Ti

Mg

Cu

Al

Tensile
Yield
Strength Strength

A5d

ISO-V

Type

MPa

MPa

Joules

C
9%Ni Steels

ISO-V -196 C

13.7

6.8

1.6

<5

1.35

>690

>430

>35

>70

-196

FREEZAL ENi9

23

10

3.5

>760

>450

>23

>75

-196

OP 76/NIFIL 625

15.5

16

3.5

>700

>450

>35

>70

-196

OP F77/NIFIL C276

21

3.5

0.3

>720

>460

>30

>40

-196

NIFIL 625

GMAW

21

3.5

0.3

>720

>460

>30

>40

-196

NIROD 625

GTAW

5%Ni Steels

SMAW
SAW

ISO-V -120 C

20

>570

>390

>35

>30

-196

OP 33/OE-20 16L

20

>570

>390

>35

>30

-196

OP F500/OE-20 16L

20

>580

>450

>38

>32

-196

INERTFIL 20 16L

GMAW

20

>580

>450

>38

>32

-269

INERTROD 20 16L

GTAW

SAW

3.5%Ni Steels

ISO-V -101 C

500-640

>420

>25

>47

-101

TENAX 76C2L (OE-CRYO 87)

>550

>460

>24

>40

-105

FREEZAL ENi3

0.15

560-660

>480

>25

>50

-101

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni3

SAW

>550

>460

>22

>47

-101

CARBOROD Ni3

GTAW

2.5%Ni Steels

SMAW

ISO-V from -80 C to -60 C

510-660

>420

>26

>80

-60

TENAX 78C1L
(OE-CRYO 75H)

550-700

>480

>22

>70

-80

TENACITO 70B

550-680

>460

>22

>47

-90

CARBOFIL Ni2

550-680

>460

>24

>47

-90

CARBOROD Ni2

GTAW

500-640

>420

>26

>70

-60

FLUXOFIL 44

FCAW

550-600

>450

>24

>50

-80

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni2

SAW

Low Temperature Structural Steels

SMAW
GMAW

ISO-V from -60 C to -50 C

510-640

>420

>24

>70

-50

510-640

>420

>22

>100

-50

TENAX 35S

500-640

>420

>25

>90

-60

TENACITO R

530-650

>460

>25

>110

-60

TENACITO 38R

530-680

460

>22

>90

-60

TENAX 76S

550-680

>480

>24

>47

-60

CARBOFIL Ni1

GMAW

550-680

>480

>24

>47

-60

CARBOROD Ni1

GTAW

550-650

>470

>24

>60

-60

FLUXOFIL 40

550-690

>460

>22

>80

-50

CITOFLUX R82

530-680

>460

>22

>47

-60

CITOFLUX R82 SR

530-680

>460

>26

>80

-60

CITOFLUX M20

620-760

>550

>20

>47

-50

CITOFLUX R550

530-630

>450

>25

>80

-50

OP 121TT(W)/OE-SD3

500-600

>420

>24

>70

-60

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni1

0.1

0.1

0.1

4.5

0.1

Rem

>275

>125

>17

ALUFIL AlMg 4.5Mn

GMAW

0.1

0.1

0.1

4.5

0.1

Rem

>275

>125

>17

ALUROD AlMg 4.5Mn

GTAW

SUPERCITO 7018S
SMAW

FCAW

SAW

Aluminium Alloy 5083

Associated Stainless Steels


19

>520

>320

>35

>32

-196

BASINOX 308LT

17.5

2.6

>550

>350

>35

>40

-196

BASINOX 316LT

20

>520

>350

>35

>40

-196

INERTFIL 308L

19

2.6

>510

>350

>30

>32

-196

INERTFIL 316L

20

>520

>350

>35

>40

-196

INERTROD 308L

19

2.6

>510

>350

>30

>32

-196

INERTROD 316L

20

>520

>350

>35

>32

-196

FLUXINOX 308L-PF

19

2.8

>510

>320

>30

>27

-196

FLUXINOX 316L-PF

18

>500

>350

>35

>30

-196

OP 33/OE-308L

19

>500

>350

>35

>30

-196

OP F500/OE-308L

SMAW
GMAW
GTAW
FCAW
SAW

11

Classification Society Approvals


Selected OERLIKON Products for LNG and Low Temperature Gas Storage.
Type

AWS

9%Ni Steels
SMAW
SAW

EN

Shielding Gas

TUV

DB

ISO-V -196 C
A5.11: ENiCrMo-6

14172:E Ni 6620

OP 76/NIFIL 625

Wire AWS A5.14: ER NiCrMo-3

Flux EN 760: SA FB 2 55 AC H5

OP F77/NIFIL C276

Wire AWS A5.14: ER NiCrMo-4

Flux EN 760: SF CS 2 65 AC H5

FREEZAL ENi9

GMAW

NIFIL 625

A5.14: ER NiCrMo-3

18274: S Ni 6625

I1/M13

GTAW

NIROD 625

A5.14: ER NiCrMo-3

18274: S Ni 6625

Flux EN 760: SA AF 2 54 DC
Wire EN 14343-A: S 20 16 3 Mn L

Flux EN 760: SA FB 2 53 AC
Wire EN 14343-A: S 20 16 3 Mn L

5%Ni Steels

ISO-V -120 C
OP 33/OE-20 16L

SAW
-

OP F500/OE-20 16L
GMAW

INERTFIL 20 16L

14343-A: G 20 16 3 Mn N L

M12,M13

GTAW

INERTROD 20 16L

14343-A: W 20 16 3 Mn N L

I1

TENAX 76C2L (OE-CRYO 87)

A5.5: E7016-C2L

2560-A: E 42 6 3Ni B 12 H5

FREEZAL ENi3

A5.5: E8018-C2

2560-A: E 42 6 3Ni B 32 H5

F8A15-F7P15 ENi3-Ni3

Flux EN 760: SA FB 1 55 AC H5

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni3

636-B: W55A 10 WN71

I1

TENAX 78C1L
(OE-CRYO 75H)

A5.5: E7018-C1L

2560-A: E 46 6 2Ni B 32

3.5%Ni Steels
SMAW

ISO-V -101 C

SAW

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni3

GTAW

CARBOROD Ni3

2.5%Ni Steels
SMAW

ISO-V from -80 C to -60 C

TENACITO 70B

A5.5: E8018-C1 H4

2560-A: E 46 6 2Ni B 42 H5

GMAW

CARBOFIL Ni2

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni2

14341-A: G 46 6 M G2Ni2

M21

GTAW

CARBOROD Ni2

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni2

636-A: W 46 6 M W2Ni2

I1

FCAW

FLUXOFIL 44

A5.29: E70T5 GM-JH4

17632-A: T 42 8 2Ni B M 2 H5

M21

SAW

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni2

A5.23: F7AP10 ENi2-Ni2

Flux EN 756: S 62 6 FB S2 Ni2

Low Temperature Structural Steels

SMAW

ISO-V from -60 C to -50 C

SUPERCITO 7018S

A5.1: E7018-1 H4

2560-A: E 42 5 B 32 H5

TENAX 35S

A5.1: E7018-1 H4

2560-A: E 42 5 B 32 H5

TENACITO R

A5.1: E7018-1 H4

2560-A: E 42 6 B 42 H5

TENACITO 38R

A5.5: E7018-G H4

2560-A: E 46 6 1Ni B 42 H5

A5.5: E7018-G

2560-A: E 46 6 1Ni B 32 H5

TENAX 76S
GMAW

CARBOFIL Ni1

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni1

14341-A: G 46 6 M G3Ni1

M21

GTAW

CARBOROD Ni1

A5.28: ER 80S-Ni1

636-A: W 46 6 M W3Ni1

I1

A5.29: E80T5 GC/GM-H4

17632-A: T 46 6 1Ni B C/M 2 H5

C1/M21

CITOFLUX R82

A5.29: E81T1-Ni1M-H4

17632-A: T 46 5 1Ni P M 1 H5

M21

CITOFLUX R82 SR

A5.29: E81T1-Ni1M-H4

17632-A: T 46 6 1Ni P M 1 H5

M21

CITOFLUX M20

A5.18: E70C-6M H4

17632-A: T 46 6 Mn1Ni M M 1 H5

M21

CITOFLUX R550

A5.29: E91T1-GMH4

18276-A: T 55 5M 1,5Ni P M 1 H5

M21

OP 121TT(W)/OE-SD3

A5.17: F7A8-F7P8 EH12K

Flux EN 756: S 46 5 FB S3Si

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni1

A5.23: F7A8-F7P10-ENi1-Ni1

Flux EN 756: S 42 6 FB S2Ni1

FLUXOFIL 40
FCAW

SAW

Aluminium Alloy 5083


GMAW

ALUFIL AlMg 4.5Mn

A5.10: ER 5183

18273: S Al 5183

l1, M13

GTAW

ALUROD AlMg 4.5Mn

A5.10: ER 5183

18273: S Al 5183

l1, M13

Associated Stainless Steels


SMAW
GMAW
GTAW
FCAW
SAW

12

BASINOX 308LT

A5.4: 308L-15

1600: E 19 9 L B 12

BASINOX 316LT

A5.4: 316L-15

1600: E 19 12 2 B 12

INERTFIL 308L

A5.9: ER 308L

14343-A: G 19 9 L

M13

INERTFIL 316L

A5.9: ER 316L

14343-A: G 19 12 3 L

M13

INERTROD 308L

A5.9: ER 308L

14343-A: W 19 9 L

I1

INERTROD 316L

A5.9: ER 316L

14343-A: W 19 12 3 L

I1

FLUXINOX 308L-PF

A5.22: E308LT1-1/4

17633-A: T 19 9 L P C1/M1

C1/M21

FLUXINOX 316L-PF

A5.22: E316LT1-1/4

17633-A: T 19 12 3 L P C1/M1

C1/M21

OP 33/OE-308L

A5.9: ER 308L

Flux EN 760: SA AF 2 54 DC

OP F500/OE-308L

A5.9: ER 308L

Flux EN 760: SA FB 2 53 AC

ABS

BV

DNV

GL

LRS

PRS

RMRS

RINA

Type
9%Ni Steels

ISO-V -196 C

5680

FREEZAL ENi9

OP 76/NIFIL 625

OP F77/NIFIL C276

NIFIL 625

GMAW

NIROD 625

GTAW

5%Ni Steels

SMAW
SAW

ISO-V -120 C

OP 33/OE-20 16L

OP F500/OE-20 16L

INERTFIL 20 16L

GMAW

INERTROD 20 16L

GTAW

SAW

3.5%Ni Steels

ISO-V -101 C

TENAX 76C2L (OE-CRYO 87)

FREEZAL ENi3

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni3

SAW

CARBOROD Ni3

GTAW

2.5%Ni Steels

SMAW

ISO-V from -80 C to -60 C

5Y H5

5YDH5

TENAX 78C1L
(OE-CRYO 75H)

TENACITO 70B

6Y 42S

CARBOFIL Ni2

CARBOROD Ni2

GTAW

FLUXOFIL 44

FCAW

5Y M, 5Y DM

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni2

SAW

Low Temperature Structural Steels


3YH10

3YHHH

4Y40H5

4Y40H5

3YmH15

4H5-4Y

3YHHH

4YH5

4Y40 H5

DXVuO-BF-3m-3Ym-H5

4DH5

4H5-4Y

3Y HH

5Y H10

3Y H5

3Ym H15

3Y

5Y

5Y H5

6Y42 H5

5Y42m H15

3YH5

3YHHH

5Y H5

6Y H10

DXVuO-BF-5Y42m-H5

ER80S-Ni1

VYMS H5

4Y400SA H5

VY46MS H5

4Y40S H5

4Y400SA H5

VY46MS H5

4Y40S H5

VYMS

IVY55MS H5

SMAW
GMAW

ISO-V from -60 C to -50 C


SUPERCITO 7018S
TENAX 35S

TENACITO R

5Y46HHH

TENACITO 38R

4YH5

CARBOFIL Ni1

GMAW

CARBOROD Ni1

GTAW

FLUXOFIL 40

CITOFLUX R82

5Y46MS H3

CITOFLUX R82 SR

CITOFLUX M20

CITOFLUX R550

5Y40M HHH

OP 121TT(W)/OE-SD3

OP 121TTW/OE-S2Ni1

S-AlMg4,5Mn

D O BF WC/I - 1S NA

ALUFIL AlMg 4.5Mn

GMAW

ALUROD AlMg 4.5Mn

GTAW

SMAW

TENAX 76S

FCAW

SAW

Aluminium Alloy 5083

Associated Stainless Steels


E308L-15

BASINOX 308LT

E316L-15

BASINOX 316LT

INERTFIL 308L

INERTFIL 316L

INERTROD 308L

INERTROD 316L

308L

304LS

FLUXINOX 308L-PF

316L

316LS

FLUXINOX 316L-PF

OP 33/OE-308L

OP F500/OE-308L

SMAW
GMAW
GTAW
FCAW
SAW

13

OERLIKON Consumables for Low Alloy


Ferritic steels for low temperature service

Product Focus

The challenge when fabricating low alloy ferritic steels for


cryogenic applications is to produce high strength joints with
reliable fracture toughness at the design temperature, without risk
of hydrogen induced cracking.
OERLIKON welding consumables are designed to satisfy the most
stringent requirements in terms of diffusible hydrogen level.
The manufacturing process has been designed by OERLIKON
to produce very low hydrogen consumables with a high resistance
to subsequent moisture pick-up during use.
OERLIKON has a globally recognised expertise in the metallurgy
and design of welding consumables for low temperature and
cryogenic applications. The results of the many years of
systematic R&D in this area are reported in published articles,
where acicular ferrite is the microstructural constituent identified
as critical for generating high levels of joint fracture toughness
at cryogenic temperatures in low alloy ferritic weld metal.

100

0
PRIMARY FERRITE

90

10
20

70

30
FERRITE WITH SECOND PHASE

60

40

50

50

40

60

30

ACICULAR FERRITE

20

70
80

1.0% Mn

10

90

100
0

2
Nickel in weld %

3534-53

Microstructural component %

80

14

Weld metal acicular ferrite is not only optimised in OERLIKON


consumables by deposit chemistry and the selection of specialist
deoxidation systems in basic flux systems, but by the consistent
sourcing of high quality raw materials. Raw material selection is
permanently in the focus of our experts to ensure weld metals
with very low levels of residual and impurity elements.

These advanced techniques applied to the design of OERLIKON


welding consumables have contributed to the global recognition
for reliable and high quality low temperature construction when
using OERLIKON welding products.

Other Low Temperature Gas Storage


and Handling Applications
OERLIKON welding consumables range for cryogenics applications arranged
by service temperature is shown on pages 10 & 11
Classification society approvals are listed on pp 12 & 13
For full product range details consult the data sheets in the OERLIKON handbook
or www.oerlikon-welding.com web site.

Service
Temperature

Steel type

Specification

Ammonia,
propane (LPG)

-50 C

C-Mn
fine grain

EN 10028-3, P460NL2

Ammonia,
propane (LPG)

-80 C

1.5-2.5%Ni

EN 10028-4, 15NiMn6,
ASTM A203Gr.B

Product Stored

Carbon dioxide,
acetylene, ethane

-101 C

3.5%Ni

ASTM A203Gr.E-F,
EN 10028-4 12Ni14

Ethylene (LEG)

-120 C

5%Ni

EN 10028-4 X 12Ni5

Methane (LNG),
oxygen, argon

-196 C

9%Ni

A353/A553,
EN 10028-4 X8Ni9

The processing of natural gas involves removal of propane


and other gases from the raw gas, in order to prevent
condensation of these volatiles in natural gas pipelines.

Propane is a flammable non toxic gas, which is heavier


than air. It is a gas in normal atmospheric conditions, 15 C,
760 mm Hg, the boiling point is -42 C.
Liquid Propane Gas, LPG, is generally stored onshore in both
spherical and mounded pressurised storage, with the latter
being the only solution allowed in many countries.
Welding solutions are based on optimised C-Mn and 1-2.5%Ni
nickel bearing weld metals delivering high toughness joints for
service temperatures in the range -50 C to -80 C.

Ammonia is a gas in normal atmospheric conditions, 15 C,


760 mm Hg, which is colourless, slightly flammable and toxic
with a pungent odour, the boiling point is -33 C. Ammonia is
stored in its refrigerated form between -50 C and -80 C.
Welding solutions are based on optimised C-Mn and 1-2.5%Ni
nickel bearing weld metals delivering high toughness joints
for service temperatures in the range -50 C to -80 C.
The propensity to stress corrosion cracking is a design
consideration.

Ethane is a gas in normal atmospheric conditions, 15 C,


760 mm Hg, which is flammable and non-toxic, the boiling
point is -89 C. The storage and handling requirements
of ethane are generally specified at a service temperature of
-101 C.
When fabricating 3.5%Ni steels for ethane storage, matching
3.5%Ni bearing weld metals are used.

Acetylene is a gas in normal atmospheric conditions, 15 C,


760 mm Hg, which is a colourless, non-toxic but narcotic, and is
highly flammable. Isolated in the pure state, it is a highly unstable
compound, and decomposes with ignition within a wide range of
pressures and temperatures, the sublimation point is -84 C.
The storage and handling requirements of acetylene are generally
specified at a service temperature of -101 C.
When fabricating 3.5%Ni steels for acetylene storage, matching
3.5%Ni bearing weld metals are used.

Carbon dioxide is a gas in normal atmospheric conditions,


15 C and 760 mm Hg, which is colourless, odourless,
non-flammable of low chemical activity and toxic only in high
concentrations, the sublimation point is -79 C.
The storage and handling requirements of carbon dioxide are
generally specified at a service temperature of -101 C.
When fabricating 3.5%Ni steels for Carbon Dioxyde storage,
matching 3.5%Ni bearing weld metals are used.

Ethylene, also known as ethene, is a gas in normal atmospheric


conditions, 15 C, 760 mm Hg, which is flammable and non-toxic,
the boiling point is -104 C. The storage and handling requirements
of ethylene are similar to LNG but at a generally specified service
temperature of -120 C.
Welding solutions for liquid ethylene gas, LEG, are based on the
20.16 composition for the welding of 5%Ni steels, due to the
excellent cryogenic fracture toughness, however the welding
solutions given for fabricating 9%Ni steels are equally applicable
for joining 5%Ni steels.

Argon is a gas in normal atmospheric conditions, 15 C and


760 mm Hg, which is a colourless, odourless, non-toxic nonflammable and tasteless. It is distinguished by perfect physical
and chemical stability. At atmospheric pressure and temperatures
below the boiling point of -186 C, argon is a colourless liquid,
which is heavier than water.
Welding solutions are the same as those shown for LNG.

Oxygen is a gas in normal atmospheric conditions, 15 C and


760 mm Hg, which is colourless, odourless and tasteless.
At atmospheric pressure and temperatures below the boiling point
-183 C, it is pale blue liquid, slightly heavier than water. Liquid
oxygen, LOX, is stored in single containment tanks fabricated in
9%Ni steel and because of the relatively small volumes, 304L
stainless steel may also be used for the prime container.
Welding solutions are the same as those shown for LNG.

15

Associated Steel Applications

STAINLESS STEELS

DUPLEX STAINLESS STEELS

MMA

Duplex stainless steel (e.g. W.No. 1.4462) is used for pipe lines,
vessels and pipe work. Matching consumables are available:

The SUPRANOX RS range of rutile coated manual metal arc


welding electrodes is designed to enable the diversity of
stainless steels - plates, pipes, tubes, castings and forgings to be welded both to themselves and to each other. Smooth
operation in all positions with minimal spatter and near self
releasing slag for excellent weld bead appearance and profile.
The SUPRANOX RS range also has a proven resistance to both
weld start and weld bead porosity giving high radiographic
integrity. This makes these electrodes particularly suitable for
the most critical applications.
The SUPRANOX RS range of MMA welding electrodes is as
follows: 308L, 308H, 347, 316L, 317, 318, 309L, 309MoL, 904L.
The BASINOX range of basic coated manual metal arc welding
electrodes is used for positional welding of pipe work and
thicker section thicknesses, including alloys 308L, 347, 316L,
308H, 904L, 318, 310.
For cryogenic application the use of BASINOX 308LT and
BASINOX 316LT version is recommended for optimum joint
fracture toughness at -196 C.

MIG/TIG
A comprehensive range of OERLIKON INERTFIL and
INERTROD wires for all applications, e.g. 308L, 347, 316L,
309L & 312.

FCW
A comprehensive range of OERLIKON FLUXINOX stainless
cored wires for applications in the primarily down hand, e.g.
FLUXINOX 316L and positional e.g. FLUXINOX 316L-PF
applications. Including alloys 308L, 308H, 347, 307, 316L, 318,
309L, 309MoL, 22.9.3L, 310, and 625.

SAW
OP 33 is a special semi-basic agglomerated flux with a basicity
index of 1.8. It is used for the welding of stainless and heat
resisting steels. In respect to the carbon content of the weld
metal, OP 33 is neutral. Typically used with AWS A5.9 grade
300 series wires, E.g. OE-316L, OE-308L, OE-309LMo.

16

MMA
SUPRANOX E 22 9 3 N is an MMA electrode depositing
Cr-Ni-Mo-N duplex stainless steel weld metal, highly resistant
to intergranular pitting and stress corrosion in the presence
of hydrogen containing aqueous solution or wet gases.
To achieve the maximum joint fracture toughness, BASINOX
22.9.3N is recommended, ISO-V at -50 C > 50 J.

MIG/TIG
INERTFIL/INERTROD 22.9.3 are solid wires depositing duplex
stainless steel weld metal.

FCW
FLUXINOX 22.9.3L is optimised for down hand fillet welding and
FLUXINOX 22.9.3L-PF for positional welding of duplex stainless
steels.

SAW
OE-S22 09/OP 33 is used for the high deposition rate
submerged arc welding of duplex stainless steels.

SAW

Drums (ROUNDPACK)

Fluxes

Heavy duty cardboard drums


320 kg & 600 kg formats,
100% recyclable,
Reliable rapid pay off at high
wire feed speeds,
Fitted sling points for handling safety,

Sacks
Weld sealed
100% recyclable (4)
Easy to handle
Effective flux protection
from the environment
Supply: 1 tonne
(40 sacks x 25 kg)
per pallet

Spool

B 300
100% recyclable

2006-200

2004-114

DRY BAG
This new packaging solution has been developed by the
Air Liquide Welding research teams for OERLIKON submerged arc
welding fluxes. DRYBAG packaging system features:

2008-181

TIG
Rods

2007-474

2006-940

1.6, 2.0 & 2.4 mm


diameter in 1 m lengths
Full range of compositions
Alloy grades are coin
stamped
Bright finished
Fully certificated

2006-943

MIG/MAG wires (solid and FCW)

3551-46

2010-754

2008-677

Product packaging
Welding consumables

MMA

Reliable protective packaging


for most applications
3 packets per outer carton
Packet weight ~5 kg

2006-937

Standard Packaging

Triple layer composite


technology system
Fully moisture proof
Low vacuum
Protection from atmospheric
humidity
Designed for the most hostile
ambient conditions
Protection during extended
transport and storage
Supply: 1 tonne (40 sacks
x 25 kg DRYBAG) per pallet

Wires

No re-conditioning required before use


No quivers or holding ovens are required
Ideal for on site applications
Simplified QA procedures
VPMD
Pack contents ~3 kg
Supplied in outer cartons ~15 kg

Spool B450
100% recyclable
Supply: 1 tonne (40 coils
x 25 kg) per pallet

2006-936

2013-046

Vacuum Packaging

17

Arc equipment
MIG/MAG manual installations
MIG/MAG welding equipment
OERLIKON MIG/MAG machines have a comprehensive array of features focused on the
requirements of major fabricators. Durable design is combined with easy-to-use control panels
and a variety of synergic programmes, combining improved productivity with high quality results.

CITOMIG 200MP
Thyristor technology for heavy duty
applications
Portable single phase inverter for small
works and maintenance.
Multiprocess equipment
(MMA TIG and MIG/MAG).
Light (15 kg) and easy to use power
source with large LCD graphic screen

2008-042

2013-662

CITOMAG
Thyristor technology for heavy duty
applications
CITOMAG range is a thyristor based soft
current MIG-MAG welding installation, with
a separate four roll wire feeder unit, to weld
unalloyed steel, stainless steel and light alloys,
using solid wire and cored wire.
OERLIKON expertise is automatically available to the
welders and therefore the installations are straight forward to us:
Maximum power at 60 % duty cycle (40 C)
Rapid access to the correct welding parameters
Complete welding cycle with Hot Start and crater filler
Optional water cooled configuration
Easy to use with fast parameter changes using the CITO system

CITOPULS II 420 or 520


Digital technology for advanced welding installations

Superior quality welding and advanced processes and features


Fully digitally controlled inverter: for process repeatability and consequently higher welding
quality and simpler regulation
In synergic mode, more than 100 synergies are available
Soft switching inverter (increased efficiency of the power source)
Full range of processes:
- Standard MIG/MAG
- Spray ModalTM (special for high quality welding of aluminium)
- Cold Double Pulse (producing very high quality welds on thin
- Pulsed MIG/MAG
material)
- MIG brazing
MMA coated electrodes
TM
- Speed Short Arc (for high
quality thin sheet welding & root
- HPSTM (High Penetration Speed) (higher productivity with lower

2010-901

pass)

Powerful installation up to 500 A at 60%


Storage of 100 welding programs (with expert wire feeder DVU P500 or advanced remote
control RC JOB)
Parameter locking with a digit code (with expert wire feeder DVU P500 or advanced
remote control RC JOB). When this function is activated, the welder can still fine-tune the
parameters in a +/- 20% range
A user interface (power source and wire feeder) designed for a really easy to use front panel
A modular concept for a better fit with the users requirements
Specify and build your installation:
Power sources
Trolleys for the installation and
Wire feeders
the wire-feeder
Cooling unit
Remote control
Harnesses (up to 50 m
Torches (standard, with potentiometer,
for on site applications)
push-pull, automatic..)

18

distortion of base material and less welding passes)

More benefits for the user


Small machine for easier access
Light installation (37 kg for the power source)
Compatible with motor generator
A powerful 4-wheel feeder unit with drive rollers as standard

2014-037

2012-473

CITOWAVE II
Product features and advantages:
Same as the CITOPULS II range with in addition:
Advanced torch DIGITAL: a range of ergonomic torches
with the possibility on the handle to - select the program
number - adjust the wire feed speed - adjust the arc length
Processes: Soft current, Pulsed, SSA, HPS, SSP, SM,
CDP, Easy Short Arc, MIG brazing, MMA, and PR Spray
The power sources also allow memorisation of
100 programs, selectable from the wire feeder,
remote control and CITORCH M E family
Technical features
Technology
Primary power supply
Primary consumption @ I max.
Welding current
Duty cycle (@ 40 C)
Suitable wire diameter

CITOMIG 200MP
Inverter
Single phase 230 V (10%)
19 A
5 A - 200 A
200 A @ 20%
0.6 mm - 1.0 mm

Control of aluminium welding (Spray ModalTM): special welding transfer


which provides reduced porosity and increases the penetration
More controls: parameters monitoring, indication of defects, parameter
blocking on several levels, printing, 99 programs, calibration
Intuitive & friendly graphic interface allowing the welder to control easily
the machine with more than 200 synergic laws. Customization of your
own synergic curves
Ethernet & USB for maximal connectivity. Insuring data monitoring,
networked machines, process control. An easy solution that allows
compliance with the QMOS parameters.
CITOMAG 500XP

CITOPULS II CITOWAVE II
420
520

Thyristor
Inverter
Three phase 220/240/380/400 V
Three phase 400 V (-20%/+15%)
50 A (400 V)
28 A
36 A
16 A - 480 A
15 A - 420 A
20 A - 500 A
480 A @ 60%
420 A @ 60%
500 A @ 60%
0.8 mm to 1.6 mm

Process advantages for a perfect assembly: this new generation of power sources provides new welding methods
able to meet quality and productivity levels in response to the needs of the most requiring works in the industry.
Metal
transfer mode

Definition

Customer advantages

Power
source

Speed Short
ArcTM (SSA)

The Speed Short ArcTM allows a high travel speed due to a rigid arc and a
cold regime. It is very effective for welding thin steel plates, working in
position and in closed angle and filling bevels. The SSATM is used for short
circuit welding though the normal globular regime travel speed domain.

Increase in travel speed


Reduced distortion (thin steel sheets) CITOWAVE II
Suited to welding in position
CITOPULS II
Tolerance and usability

Soft Silence
PulseTM (SSP)

The Soft Silence PulseTM is a quieter pulsed mode mainly intended for
stainless steel welding applications. The SSPTM produces a softer but very
stable arc with good wetting of the weld bead. This waveform significantly
reduces spatter and gives a very fine appearance to the weld bead.

Reduction of noise
Good wetting of the weld bead
Reduction of spatter
Good weld bead appearance

CITOWAVE II

Cold Double
PulseTM (CDP)

The Cold Double PulseTM produces very high quality welds on thin
material while avoiding distortion. CDPTM gives a TIG appearance to
the weld and is very effective on very thin aluminium or stainless steel
sheet (< 2 mm). The operating technique is made easier due to good
control of the weld pool even on badly-prepared sheets. This sequencer
mode automatically chains hot arc and cold arc regimes together.

Effective on thin sheets


Reduces distortion
Easy operating technique
TIG appearance weld bead

CITOPULS II
CITOWAVE II

High
Penetration
Speed (HPS)

Using welding current generally given by Spray Arc behaviour,


HPS arc transfer is combining two different main advantages :
Provides lower voltage and so lower energy
Give a very accurate and dynamic regulation of the welding parameters
This association is able to carry out very high productivity with the
optimal welding performance.

Reduction of passes' number


Less distortion and structural
change
Welding in restricted joints
Less time of base material
preparation

CITOPULS II
CITOWAVE II

Easy Short Arc

Easy Short Arc is a combinaison of Spray Arc and Speed Short Arc
arc transfer. So with Easy Short Arc you get a Speed Short Arc
behaviour in the Short Circuit area and increasing the wire speed you
are able to reach Spray arc. The key is that the machine will
automatically avoid globular area.

Arc stability avoiding globular zone


Productivity: easy to use (same
fusion law whatever the thickness is) CITOWAVE II
Quality: no spatters and therefore
no finishing works, In all positions
19

2570-21

TIG installations
OERLIKON high-performance TIG machines
are designed for on-site durability and premium
quality results. This inverter range equips welders
for a wide diversity of activities in both regular
and high-tech applications.

CITOTIG
Optimised performance and advanced functionality:

2011-101

2011-103

CITOSTEP double current level function, allows the power


input to be changed without interruption when welding
Synergic pulse function, for ease of setting the pulsed current
parameters
Storage facility for welding parameters
Reliability designed in with an efficient isolated cooling system
which prevents dust and small metal particles from
penetrating the machine interior
Optional low voltage OCV
with Voltage Reduction Device
available
Generator compatible

Technical
specifications:
Primary
Power supply
Consumption
Secondary
Open circuit voltage
Welding current

CITOTIG II 200 DC

2011-131

The DC sets are used for TIG welding stainless and structural
steels and have the flexibility to weld with all types of MMA
welding electrodes, with excellent
arc characteristics.

DC welding
CITOTIG II 300 DC (W)

230 V single-phase (+10%/-10%)

CITOTIG II 400 DC W

400 V three-phase (+20%/- 15%)


8.4 kVA
80 V

5 - 200 A

5 - 300 A

5 - 400 A

Duty cycle 10 min.


cycle (at 40 C)

200 A at 30%

230 A at 60%

320 A at 60%

Diam. Electrode

1.6 to 4.0 mm

1.6 to 5.0 mm

1.6 to 6.0 mm

410 x 180 x 390 mm

500 x 180 x 390 mm


500 x 180 x 650 mm in W version

500 x 180 x 650 mm

15 kg

22 kg / 32 kg in W version

33 kg

No

Yes in W version

Yes

Other
Dimensions (L x W x H)
Net weight
Cooling unit

20

The CITOSTEP function in the CITOTIG range

Accessories

With the CITOSTEP function, two current levels can be


chosen, the welding current and the basic current.
This facilitates the change from one to the other by rapidly
pressing the torch trigger. The CITOSTEP function can be
used to adjust heat input momentarily, to change welding
positions or to replenish the filler metal supply without
having to stop welding.

This very high-tech range of TIG equipment has all the product
features required by the most skilled welders for the widest range
of demanding applications. For maximum functionality, there is a full
range of accessories, such as hand - or foot - operated remote
control units and trolleys.

Arc equipment
MMA electrode power sources

2570-07

MMA electrode power sources


OERLIKON propose a wide range of equipment for MMA welding.
This is a selection of units for on site applications in all conditions.

CITOARC 2200i VRD

2009-092

CITOARC 1800 HPF

Very light and portable unit for


maintenance

Ultra flexible for light duty


and flexible finishing applications

Possibilty to weld with very long


primary cable (up to 70 m)

2009-055

Portable 3 phase unit for heavy


applications and maintenance
operations
Generator compatible
Built-in Voltage Reduction Device
for higher security, for welding all types
of MMA electrodes, including cellulosic
Inverter technology

CITOARC 1900 EXPERT

CITOARC 3500i

Technical
specifications:
Primary
Power supply
Effective consumption
Secondary
Open circuit voltage
Welding current

Multi-process (MMA, Gouging,


TIG DC, MIG) inverter unit
Welding MMA electrodes up
to 6.3 mm
MIG welding with the DV 4004
wire feeder option
CC/CV 3phase unit
Weighing only 29 kg

2006-762

2010-066

CITOROD 6500 XT

For the heaviest duty applications


including arc air gouging
Thyristor technology
Multiprocess (MMA, Gouging,
TIG DC, MIG) - 3 phase unit
Possibility of MIG/MAG welding
using DEVIDARC an autonomous
wire-feeder

2008-800

CITOARC 1900 EXPERT


offers top welding
performance (Arc Force
and Hot-Start adjustment)
Maximum safety is ensured
with the Voltage Reduction
Device (VRD)
Designed for heavy duty use, for all types of MMA
electrodes, including cellulosic
Microprocessor controlled, it offers excellent arc stability,
even with fluctuating input voltage
The built-in High Power Factor module enables welding
with 160 Amps at 50% duty cycle at 40 C with a primary
consumption of only 16A
Digital parameter display
Generator compatible, may be used with long length
cables, up to 70m in 2.5 mm section)
Very versatile and when TIG welding, the slope up and
slope down times can be set by the control panel

CITOARC
1800 HPF

CITOARC
1900 EXPERT

CITOARC 2200i VRD

CITOARC 3500i

CITOROD 6500 XT

230 V single-phase
(+15%/-20% )
15 A

230 V single-phase
(20%)
16 A

400 V three-phase
(20%)
9A

400 V three-phase
(10%)
28.5 A

230 - 400 V
three-phase (15%)
102 - 60 A

44 V
10 - 180 A

67 V (14 V rest voltage) 105 V (14 V rest voltage)


91 V
75 V
5 - 160 A
5 - 220 A
5 - 350 A
10 - 630 A
160 A at 50%
Duty cycle 10 min.
180 A at 20%
150 A at 60%
220 A at 40%
350 A at 35%
630 A at 35%
cycle (at 40 C)
130 A at 100%
1.6 to 4.0 mm
1.6 to 4.0 mm
1.6 to 5.0 mm
1.6 to 6.0 mm
1.6 to 6.3 mm
MMA
Diam. Electrode
Up to 6.3 mm
Up to 10 mm
Gouging
170 x 320 x 395 mm 205 x 345 x 450 mm
250 x 470 x 450 mm 525 x 300 x 390 mm 1000 x 600 x 600 mm
Dimensions (L x W x H)
6.6 kg
9 kg
19 kg
29 kg
176 kg
Net weight
21

Arc equipment
Plasma cutting installations
Plasma cutting installations

2009-273

OERLIKON has a complete Manual


Plasma cutting range for all applications.

CITOCUT 40C

From the CITOCUT K, a single phase unit with integrated


compressor, a highly portable unit that cuts up to 6 mm,
to the NERTAJET 50, a high performance chopper, multi gas
machine that cuts up to 50 mm of steel.

Product features:
High cutting capcity: 40 mm with 120 A
High duty cycle: 50% at 40 C
4 steps for setting the current according to the thickness to cut
IP 23 for indoor and outdoor applications
High quality cut with drag cutting nozzles
Delivered ready to use with 6 m torch, air hose, primary cable,
earth cable, starting set of wear parts
Input voltage three-phase: 220/230/380/400 V - 50/60 Hz
Torch with central connector

CITOCUT 40iC
Heavy duty portable cutting unit inverter technology.

400V 50/60 Hz three-phase


Heavy duty cycle, 120 A at 60% at 40 C
Quality cut, up to 40 mm
Contact cut, distance cut, plasma gouging
Blow back start, no HF interference
Grid cutting capability
Central connector: for quick deconnection of the torch and
easier transport

2010-260

2011-452

Technical features

CITOCUT 40iC

CITOCUT 40C

Power supply 3 phase 50/60 Hz

400 V +/-15 %

220-230-380-400 V +/-10 %

Effective primary consumption

21.2 A

52 A

Maximum primary consumption

26.9 A

73 A

Secondary current range


Duty Cycle

10 A - 120 A

35 A - 120 A

at 50%

120 A

at 60%

120 A

85 A (75%)

at 100%

100 A

50 A

720 x 310 x 430 mm

500 x 855 x 705 mm

35 kg

120 kg

Dimensions (L x W x H)
Weight
Protection index /class
Standard
22

IP 23S / H
EN 60974-1 ; EN 60974-10

2013-590

2007-386

1881-064

Equipment for submerged arc welding

SAW equipments

For the most demanding users, a control box with:


rugged, simple and user friendly controls,
digital read-out of three parameters:
current, voltage and wire speed,
presetting of voltage and welding current,
storage and read-out on digital displays
of current and welding voltage,
wire/workpiece short-circuit detection
and display in manual wire feeding mode
minimizes mechanical stresses on wire
feed head supports.

Digital welding system for the complete


management of the machine and the
main parameters of SAW welding
(current, voltage, wire speed, welding
speed) from only one cycle control:
centralized console to manage welding
process, machine cycle and integrated
peripherals as laser spot, crossed slides
of the head, seam tracking...
large graphic display on touch screen with user friendly and
intuitive interface allowing the programming, controls and follow up,
easy setting of the machine,
data saving via ethernet connection.

Duty cycle at 100%


Primary power supply
Power consumption
Protection class
Weight
Dimensions (H x W x D)

2006-781

A complete range of power sources DC or AC available


for the various SAW applications:
rugged, reliable, suitable for
agressive industrial surroundings,
fan cooled, fitted with thermal cut-out,
easy to move using crane or forklift,
quick connection,
remote control.

3670-003

STARMATIC power sources

2000-357

D2C SAW: Digital Cycle Control

2014-478

SUBARC 5 control

2014-268

Air Liquide Welding offers a complete range of equipment combining performance, flexibility of use and ensuring
high reliability in welding cycle management. Subarc 5 and D2C SAW installations allow:
welding with direct current (DC) according to horizontal or drooping power source characteristics,
welding with alternating current (AC) according to drooping power source characteristics.

STARMATIC 1003 AC/DC


STARMATIC 650 DC STARMATIC 1003 DC STARMATIC 1303 DC
650 A - 44 V
1 000 A - 44 V
1 300 A - 44 V
1 000 A - 44 V
3x 400 - 440 V / 50-60 Hz
3x 380 - 400 V - 415 V / 50-60 Hz
34.5 kVA
69 kVA
103 kVA
122.7 kVA
IP 21
IP 23
IP 21
247 kg
394 kg
483 kg
540 kg
692 x 565 x 914 mm
900 x 650 x 950 mm
1 120 x 692 x 1 170 mm

MEGATRAC 6 : SAW self propelled tractor

modular SAW carriage which can be adapted to various applications,

flat and angle assembly of plates in all grades and thicknesses,

welding with single ( 1,6 to 5 mm) or twin wires ( 1,2 1,6 mm),

crabbing arms,

flux recovery in option.

2008-337

A practical, efficient and cost effective solution:

23

Flame and Plasma cutting machines

2009-300

OXYTOME / PLASMATOME RS & TWIN RS - CYBERTOME open


the way to all oxycutting and plasma arc cutting operations that
require the use of machines capable of cutting very wide plates
and implementing more complex options.

OXYTOME RS

2009-179

Reinforced structure for OXYTOME / PLASMATOME (RS)


For plates wider than 4 m or for certain equipment, a reinforced
structure is used to ensure movement stability and precision.

PLASMATOME TWIN

2011-014

2013-203

TWIN structure for OXYTOME / PLASMATOME


The TWIN structure is designed as a double transversal beam
equipped with liner guides and bearing, located in a safety position
away from heat radiation. This machine is specially suitable for
bevelling head applications requiring a transversal cutting stroke over
4 m or tool holder of 800 mm. Finally, the accuracy of this machine
is particulary suitable for HP plasma applications.

CYBERTOME
Designed as a machine tool concept, stated in terms of
accuracy and repeatability according to current standards.
This design can be modified to accomodate special requirements, and allows sheet
metal cutting of 8 m width and more.

EQUIPMENTS
MACH HP & NERTAJET HPi
installations
Installations NERTAJET HPi 150 - 300
- 450 - 600 and oxyfuel MACH HP
dedicated to oxycutting and plasma
arc cutting for intensive use and
precision cuts.

24

2011-542

2014-391

2013-584

2012-751

NERTAJET BEVEL HP
An efficient tool for all cuts that require
particular preparation for welding, or
any other applications requiring bevels.
It thus makes it possible to make V, Y,
X and K bevels in
a large range of
thicknesses and
materials.

AZURMATIC tables
A large range of cutting tables adapted to the
process of cutting:
Table with air extraction for dry cutting.
Variable water level table specially intended
for immersed plasma cutting.

Accessories and PPE


(Personal Protective Equipment)

Sprays

For TIG welding, a full range of non


consumable tungsten electrodes.

Anti-spatter (SPRAYMIG), crack detection products (FLUX0),


leak detection (BUBBLE).
2012-277
2007-794

200
9-4
62

SPRAYMIG

FLUXO

BUBBLE

CLEANOX

Stainless steel treatment


WELDLINE propose a complete
range of products for stainless
steel surface treatment:
CLEANOX (Degreasing,
product in liquid)
PICKLINOX (Pickling,
product in gel, paste
or liquid)
RESTORINOX (Passivation,
product in gel)

2008-383

A complete range of helmets, leather and cotton clothing,


glasses, gloves and shoes. The ZEPHYR helmet ensures comfort
and protection with a new high performance liquid crystal cell,
extra-wide vision and extreme reliability. The ZEPHYR is equipped
with a forced air flow system preventing welding fume from
infiltrating into the welders helmet. The filter and protection
screen are easy to extract, with pressure on the push button.
Adjustable head gear (4 positions) with an optimised design to
ensure good protection of the head, and light weight for comfort.

2008-386

Welder Protection

2008-389

Pure Tungsten for AC welding of aluminum


Tungsten + cerium for DC welding
Tungsten + lanthanum for both DC and AC welding
Tungsten + rare earths for both DC and AC welding

2007-394

The range includes pure tungsten


electrodes and several types of alloyed
electrodes.

2012-278

Tungsten electrodes

2012-279

2009-471

Air Liquide Welding through WELDLINE offers a wide range of tools


and accessories dedicated for welding applications (cables, earth
clamps, torches, brushes and hammers, sprays) as well as
personal protective equipment for the welder (gloves, clothing,
goggles, mask) and for the workshop (strips, curtains, etc...).

RESTORINOX

PICKLINOX

2011-521

Ovens

A full range of portable quivers,


holding and re-baking ovens for
MMA electrodes and hopper
ovens for SAW fluxes.

2008-579

2008-574

2000-174

Primary and secondary cables, solid copper


meeting the international standards requirements.

20
07
-8
14

Cables and connectors

25

Temperature Conversion Table


C

25.5
25.0
24.4
23.8
23.3

14
13
12
11
10

6.8
8.6
10.4
12.2
14.0

14.4
13.9
13.3
12.8
12.2

6
7
8
9
10

42.8
44.6
46.4
48.2
50.0

- 29
- 28
- 27
- 26
- 25

- 20.2
- 18.4
- 16.6
- 14.8
- 13.0

22.7
22.2
21.6
21.1
20.5

9
8
7
6
5

15.8
17.6
19.4
21.2
23.0

11.7
11.1
10.6
10.0
9.44

11
12
13
14
15

51.8
53.6
55.4
57.2
59.0

31.1
30.5
30.0
29.4
28.8

24
23
22
21
20

- 11.2
- 9.4
- 7.6
- 5.8
- 4.0

20.0
19.4
18.8
18.3
17.8

4
3
2
1
0

24.8
26.6
28.4
30.2
32.0

8.89
8.33
7.78
7.22
6.67

16
17
18
19
20

61.8
63.6
65.4
67.2
68.0

28.3
27.7
27.2
26.6
26.1

19
18
17
16
15

- 2.2
- 0.4
1.4
3.2
5.0

17.2
16.7
16.1
15.6
15.0

1
2
3
4
5

33.8
35.6
37.4
39.2
41.0

- 6.11
- 5.56
- 5.0
- 4.44
- 3.89

21
22
23
24
25

69.8
71.6
73.4
75.2
77.0

18.9
19.4
20.2
20.6
21.1

66
67
68
69
70

150.8
152.6
154.4
156.2
158.0

30.0
30.6
31.1
31.7
32.2

86
87
88
89
90

186.8
188.6
190.4
192.2
194.0

123.8
125.6
127.4
129.2
131.0

21.7
22.2
22.8
23.3
23.9

71
72
73
74
75

159.8
161.6
163.4
165.2
167.0

32.8
33.3
33.9
34.4
35.0

91
92
93
94
95

195.8
197.6
199.4
201.2
203.0

56
57
58
59
60

132.8
134.6
136.4
138.2
140.0

24.4
25.0
25.6
26.1
26.7

76
77
78
79
80

168.8
170.6
172.4
174.2
176.0

35.6
36.1
36.7
37.2
38

96
97
98
99
100

204.8
206.6
208.4
210.2
212.0

61
62
63
64
65

141.8
143.6
145.4
147.2
149.0

27.2
27.8
28.3
28.9
29.4

81
82
83
84
85

177.8
179.6
181.4
183.2
185.0

43
49
54
60
66

110
120
130
140
150

230
248
266
284
302

- 418
- 328
- 238
- 148
- 58

36.6
36.1
35.5
35.0
34.4

45.0
44.4
43.8
43.3
42.7

- 49
- 48
- 47
- 46
- 45

56.2
54.4
52.6
50.8
- 49

33.8
33.3
32.7
32.2
31.6

42.2
41.6
41.1
40.5
40.0

44
43
42
41
40

47.2
45.4
43.6
41.8
40.0

39.4
38.8
38.3
37.7
37.2

39
38
37
36
35

38.2
36.4
34.6
32.8
- 31

33.3
2.78
2.22
1.67
1.11

26
27
28
29
30

78.8
80.6
82.4
84.2
86.0

7.78
8.33
8.89
9.44
10.0

46
47
48
49
50

114.8
116.6
118.4
120.2
122.0

- 0.56
0.00
0.56
1.11
1.67

31
32
33
34
35

87.8
89.6
91.4
93.2
95.0

10.6
11.1
11.7
12.2
12.8

51
52
53
54
55

2.22
2.78
3.33
3.89
4.44

36
37
38
39
40

96.8
98.6
100.4
102.2
104.0

13.3
13.9
14.4
15.0
15.6

5.00
5.56
6.11
6.67
7.22

41
42
43
44
45

105.8
107.6
109.4
111.2
113.0

16.1
16.7
17.2
17.8
18.3

- 250
- 200
- 150
- 100
- 50

29.2
27.4
25.6
23.8
22.0

- 156.6
- 128.8
- 101.1
- 73.3
- 45.5

34
33
32
31
30

71
77
82
88
93

160
170
180
190
200

320
338
356
374
392

177
182
188
193
199

350
360
370
380
390

662
680
698
716
734

621
649
677
704
732

1150
1200
1250
1300
1350

2102
2192
2282
2372
2462

1177
1204
1232
1260
1288

2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

3902
3992
4082
4172
4262

99
100
104
110
116

210
212
220
230
240

410
413
428
446
464

204
232
260
288
316

400
450
500
550
600

752
842
932
1022
1112

760
788
816
843
871

1400
1450
1500
1550
1600

2552
2642
2732
2822
2912

1316
1343
1371
1399
1427

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600

4352
4442
4532
4622
4712

121
127
132
138
143

250
260
270
280
290

482
500
518
536
554

343
371
399
427
454

650
700
750
800
850

1202
1292
1382
1472
1562

899
927
954
982
1010

1650
1700
1750
1800
1850

3002
3092
3182
3272
3362

1454
1482
1510
1538
1566

2650
2700
2750
2800
2850

4802
4892
4982
5072
5162

149
154
160
166
171

300
310
320
330
340

572
590
608
626
644

482
510
538
566
593

900
950
1000
1050
1100

1652
1742
1832
1922
2012

1038
1066
1093
1121
1149

1900
1950
2000
2050
2100

3452
3542
3632
3722
3812

1593
1621
1649

2900
2950
3000

5252
5342
5432

Note: the numbers in bold type refer to the temperature, either in Celsius or Fahrenheit, which is desired to convert into the other scale. If converting from
Fahrenheit degrees to Celsius degrees, the equivalent temperature will be found in the left column, while converting from Ceslsius degrees to Fahrenheit
degrees the answer will be found in the column on the right.

26

Impact Toughness Conversion Table


J

ft.lb.

ft.lb.

ft.lb.

ft.lb.

20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46

14.7
16.2
17.7
19.1
20.6
22.1
23.6
25.0
26.5
28.0
29.5
30.9
32.4
33.9

48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74

35.4
36.8
38.3
39.8
41.3
42.7
44.2
45.7
47.2
48.6
50.1
51.6
53.1
54.5

76
78
80
82
84
86
88
90
92
94
96
98
100
102

56.0
57.5
59.0
60.4
61.9
63.4
64.9
66.3
67.8
69.3
70.8
72.2
73.7
75.2

104
106
108
110
112
114
116
118
120
122
124
126
128
130

76.7
78.1
79.6
81.1
82.6
84.0
85.5
87.0
88.5
89.9
91.4
92.9
94.4
95.8

ft.lb.

ft.lb.

ft.lb.

132
134
136
138
140
142
144
146
148
150
152
154
156
158

97.3
98.8
100.3
101.7
103.2
104.7
106.2
107.6
109.1
110.6
112.1
113.5
115.0
116.5

160
162
164
166
168
170
172
174
176
178
180
182
184
186

118.9
119.4
120.8
122.3
123.8
125.3
126.7
128.2
129.7
131.2
132.6
134.1
135.6
137.1

188
190
192
194
196
198
200

138.5
140.0
141.5
142.9
144.4
145.9
147.4

Conversion factors:
1 Joule = 0.73756 ft.lb.
1 ft.lb. = 1.35582 J

Welding Units Comparison Tables


Deposition rates

Wire feed speed

Consumable weight

lbs/hr

kg/hr

ins/min

m/min

lbs

kgs

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

0.45
0.9
1.36
1.81
2.26
2.72
3.17
3.68
4.08
4.53
4.98
5.44
5.89
6.35
6.80
7.25
7.71
8.16
8.61
9.07
9.52
9.97
10.43
10.88
11.33

25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
425
450
475
500
525
550
575
600
625
650
675
700

0.6
1.3
1.9
2.5
3.1
3.8
4.4
5.1
5.7
6.3
6.9
7.6
8.2
8.9
9.5
10.2
10.8
11.4
12.0
12.7
13.3
14.0
14.6
15.2
15.8
16.5
17.1
17.8

2.2
4.4
6.6
8.8
11.0
13.2
15.4
17.6
19.8
22.0
33.0
44.0
55.0
66.0
77.0
88.0
99.0
110.0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

Electrode
and wire diameter
inches

mm

0.024
0.030
0.035
0.045
0.052
1/
16
5/
64
3/
32
7/
64
1/
8
5/
32
3/
16
1/
4

0.6
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.6
2.0
2.4
3.0
3.2
4.0
5.0
6.0

Electrode length
inches

mm

10
12
13
14
18

250
300
330
350
450
27

Stress Conversion Table


N/mm2

ksi

psi

MPa

N/mm2

ksi

psi

MPa

N/mm2

ksi

psi

MPa

150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340

21.8
23.2
24.7
26.1
27.6
29.0
30.5
31.9
33.4
34.8
36.3
37.7
39.2
40.6
42.1
43.5
45.0
46.4
47.9
49.3

21800
23200
24700
26100
27600
29000
30500
31900
33400
34800
36300
37700
39200
40600
42100
43500
45000
46400
47900
49300

150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340

350
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
470
480
490
500
510
520
530
540

50.8
52.2
53.7
55.1
56.6
58.0
59.5
60.9
62.4
63.8
65.3
66.7
68.2
69.6
71.1
72.5
74.0
75.4
76.9
78.3

50800
52200
53700
55100
56600
58000
59500
60900
62400
63800
65300
66700
68200
69600
71100
72500
74000
75400
76900
78300

350
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
470
480
490
500
510
520
530
540

550
560
570
580
590
600
610
620
630
640
650
660
670
680
690
700
710
720
730
740

79.8
81.2
82.7
84.1
85.6
87.0
88.5
89.9
91.4
92.8
94.3
95.7
97.2
98.6
100.1
101.5
103.0
104.4
105.9
107.3

79800
81200
82700
84100
85600
87000
88500
89900
91400
92800
94300
95700
97200
98600
100100
101500
103000
104400
105900
107300

550
560
570
580
590
600
610
620
630
640
650
660
670
680
690
700
710
720
730
740

N/mm2

ksi

psi

MPa

N/mm2

ksi

psi

MPa

N/mm2

ksi

psi

MPa

750
760
770
780
790
800
810
820
830
840
850
860
870
880
890
900
910
920
930
940

108.8
110.2
111.7
113.1
114.6
116.0
117.5
118.9
120.4
121.8
123.3
124.7
126.2
127.8
129.1
130.5
132.0
133.4
134.9
136.3

108800
110200
111700
113100
114600
116000
117500
118900
120400
121800
123300
124700
126200
127800
129100
130500
132000
133400
134900
136300

750
760
770
780
790
800
810
820
830
840
850
860
870
880
890
900
910
920
930
940

950
960
970
980
990
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140

137.8
139.2
140.7
142.1
143.6
145.0
146.5
147.9
149.4
150.8
152.3
153.7
155.2
156.6
158.1
159.5
161.0
162.4
163.9
165.3

137800
139200
140700
142100
143600
145000
146500
147900
149400
150800
152300
153700
155200
156600
158100
159500
161000
162400
163900
165300

950
960
970
980
990
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140

1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200

166.8
168.2
169.7
171.1
172.6
174.0

166800
168200
169700
171100
172600
174000

1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200

Conversion factors: 1
1
1
1

N/mm2 = 145.038 psi


N/mm2 = 0.145038 ksi
MPa = 145.038 psi
MPa = 0.145038 ksi

Note: psi values have been rounded off to the nearest fourth digit.

28

Welding positions

according to DIN EN ISO 6947:1997-05

Butt
welds
PA Horizontal
1G flat position

PC Transverse
2G position

PE Overhead
4G position

PG Vertical down
3Gd position

PF Vertical up
3Gu position

PA Horizontal
1F flat position

PB Horizontal
2F downhand position

PD Horizontal
4F overhead position

PG Vertical down
3F position

PF Vertical up
3Fu position

Fillet
welds

Pipe
welds

Pipe
welds

PA Pipe: rotated
1G Axis: horizontal
ASME: 1G

PG Pipe: fixed
5Gd Axis: horizontal
ASME: 5Gd

PF Pipe: fixed
5Gu Axis: horizontal
ASME: 5Gu

PC Pipe: fixed
2G Axis: vertical
ASME: 2G

H-LO45 Pipe: fixed


6G
Axis: e.g. 45
ASME: 6G

PB Pipe: rotated
2F Axis: horizontal
ASME: 2F

PG Pipe: fixed
5Fd Axis: horizontal
ASME: 5Fd

PF Pipe: fixed
5Fu Axis: horizontal
ASME: 5Fu

PB Pipe: fixed
2F Axis: vertical
ASME: 2F

PD Pipe: fixed
4F Axis: vertical
ASME: 4F

29

Contacts
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AIR LIQUIDE WELDING BELGIUM SA
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Tel.: +32 16 80 48 20 - Fax: +32 16 78 29 22
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AIR LIQUIDE WELDING
HANGZHOU SAF-OERLIKON Weld. and Cut. Co. Ltd.
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Yuhang District HANGZHOU China 311106
Tel.: +86 21 64 43 89 69 - Fax: +86 21 64 43 58 97
CZECH REPUBLIC
AIR LIQUIDE CZ S.R.O. - Welding and Cutting
Podnikatelsk 565 - Arel SVUM - 190 11 PRAHA 9 - Bchovice
Tel.: +420 274 023 163 - Fax: +420 274 023 233
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AIR LIQUIDE WELDING FRANCE
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Tel.: +49 6351 4760 - Fax: +49 6351 476 335
HUNGARY
see address in Romania
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FRO-AIR LIQUIDE WELDING ITALIA S.p.A
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Tel.: +39 045 82 91 511- Fax: +39 045 82 91 536
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Tel.: +66 29 43 2250 - Fax: +66 29 43 2256
UAE
AIR LIQUIDE WELDING MIDDLE EAST FZE
Jebel Ali free zone warehouse No. FZS1AH05
P.O. BOX 18734 - Jebel Ali - DUBAI
Tel.: +971(0)48861606 - Fax: +971(0)48861608
U. K.
AIR LIQUIDE WELDING Ltd
Low March / London Road - DAVENTRY - Northants NN11 4SD
Tel.: +44 1 327 70 55 11 - Fax: +44 1 327 70 13 10
UKRAINE
AIR LIQUIDE WELDING UKRAINE, Llc.
Moskovskij Prospect 199 - Office 339 - 61037 KHARKOV
Tel.: +38 057 728 08 52- Fax: +38 057 728 08 53

Contacts for other countries:


Air Liquide Welding Export Department Italy
Loc. Casalmenini,
337010 - RIVOLI-VERONESE (VR)
Tel.: +39 045 82 91 511- Fax: +39 045 82 91 536

Air Liquide Welding Export Department France


13, rue dEpluches
CS 10113 Saint Ouen lAumne
95315 CERGY-PONTOISE Cedex
Tel.: +33 1 34 21 33 33 - Fax: +33 1 30 37 19 73

Air Liquide is the world leader in gases for industry, health and the environment, and is present in over 80 countries with 50 000 employees Oxygen, nitrogen,
hydrogen and rare gases have been at the core of Air Liquides activities since its creation in 1902. Using these molecules, Air Liquide continuously reinvents
its business, anticipating the needs of current and future markets. The Group innovates to enable progress, to achieve dynamic growth and a consistent performance.
Air Liquide combines many products and technologies to develop valuable applications and services not only for its customers but also for society.

Air Liquide Welding - W000370451 - 09/2014 - Ed.3 - HP05 - PLDB 9277 - Crdit photos : Fotolia
Air Liquide Welding reserves the right to modify its products without prior notice. The information contained in this document is designed to help the user in his choice of
product. The user should check that the product chosen by him is suited to the application he envisages for it.

www.oerlikon-welding.com